OFFENSIVE PHILOSOPHY

1. BALANCE ± THE ABILITY TO RUN AND THROW THE BALL EQUALLY 2. MULTIPLE FORMATIONS, PERSONNEL GROUPS, SHIFTING AND MOTION. 3. ALLOWING THE QB TO PUT YOU IN THE RIGHT PLAY. 4. TO PREPARE FOR EVERY SITUATION THAT MAY ARISE

TRAINING THE QUARTERBACK
I. TYPES OF DEFENSE

‡

A. 7-Man Front ² 4 Secondary Defenders 1. 3 ² 4 Front ² 3 Down Linemen, 4 Lbers 2. 4 ² 3 Front ² 4 Down Linemen, 3 Lbers B 8 Man Front ² 3 Secondary Players 1. 4 ² 4 Fronts ² 4 Down Linemen, 4 Lbers 2. 5 ² 3 Fronts ² 5 Down Linemen, 3 Lbers C. Nickle Front ² 5 Secondary Defenders 1. 40 Nickle ² 4 Down Linemen ² 2 Lbers 2. 30 Nickle ² 3 Down Linemen ² 3 Lbers D. Dime Fronts ² 6 Secondary Defenders 1. 40 Dime ² 4 Down Linemen ² 1 Lber 2. 30 Dime ² 3 Down Linemen ² 2 Lber

II. NAMING DEFENDERS A. Down Linemen 1. 4 Down Linemen ² 2T·s, 2E·s 2. 3 Down Linemen ² Nose, 2T·s 3. 5 Down Linemen ² Nose, 2T·s, 2E·s B. Linebackers 1. 3 Lbers ² Sam, Mike, Will 2. 4 Lbers ² Sam, Mike, Buck, Will 3. 2 Lbers ² Mike, Will

III. READING DEFENSES A. Why read defenses? B. What QB looks for once he breaks the huddle 1. Play clock 2. Free safety 3. Strong safety 4. Front C. How to identify fronts 1. 50 Defense ² Lber over OG 2. 60 Defense ² No playside Lber 3. 70 Defense ² 3 Man side Lber over OT 4. 80 Defense ² 4 Man side 5. 90 Defense ² 3 Man side Lber stacked over OG or aligned in ´Aµ Gap

M N M E S

50

Offensive Guards are uncovered - or have a LBer over them. Offensive Lineman are covered and their is no playside LBer.

T S T M T W T

E

S

60

M

70 E 80 E S 3 man side LBer aligned over Offensive Tackle.

4 man side LBer aligned over Offensive Guard or Tackle.

E

90 3 man side, Offensive Guard covered with LBer in the ³A´ gap or stacked behind the OG.

IDENTIFYING FRONTS

6. Stack Defense ² LB slide towards TE 7. Solid ² Defense ² Center and both OG 8. Bear Defense ² Lber Secondary aligned over TE and a rush defender outside. 9. +(Plus) ² Nose shades to the TE or strong side. 10.- (Minus) ² Nose shades to the TE or strong side. 11. Wide ² OT uncovered by Down Lineman 12. Tight ² OT and OG covered by Down Linemen

M T

S T E

50 STACK Lber¶s are Slide One Man Towards the Tight End

SOLID

T

T

E

W

Offensive Guards and Center are Covered by Defensive Down Linemen.

M N E S T T W T W T E E E S

PLUS Defensive lineman Shading the Center to the Tight End Side. MINUS Defensive lineman Shading the Center to the Split End Side. WIDE Offensive Tackle is not covered by a Defensive Down Lineman. TIGHT

Offensive Guard and Tackle are Covered by Down Linemen

3 Down Linemen Common Alignments

4 Down Linemen Common Alignments

B

M N E S

M

50 W75 +57T W70W Solid T89T W78T W70W OVER W70W UNDER 50 BEAR
W70W SOLID BEAR FIST W

W E

T60T
B W E B W B W E N E E T N M E M S S E M S

W

E

T

T

E

S

M

S T E

W76T T67T T65S

W

E W T

T M T

E

E

S

M W W E T T M E T M T E S T M T T E S T E S E S

B W E B N B W W E N M N E B M

M N

E M E S N M E

+56T

E

S

W75+57W 50 OVER

WE W

E

E

M S W E T

S T E

W

E SS E

E M E

S R

W

M T E M E S S

50 UNDER
W N S R W70W Under Solid

E E

T W T

T

CENTERS CALLS
³ODD´- CENTER IS COVERED BY A DOWN LINEMAN ³EVEN´- CENTER IS COVER BY A LBER´ ³CLEAR´- THERE IS NO DEFENDER COVERING THE CENTER ³SOLID´- THE CENTER AND BOTH GUARDS ARE COVERED BY DOWN LINEMEN.

D.

How to Identify Coverage 1. 3 Deep Zone-Sky,Cloud (Defines Flat Coverage) a. Cover 3 ² Strong side 3 Deep Zone 1. Cover 3 Sky ² Strong side 3 Deep 2. Cover 3 Cloud ² Corner Flat Defender b. Cover 6 ²Weakside 3 Deep-Fox Ws Flat Coverage 1. Fox ²WS Flat Defender 2. Cloud ² Corner Flat Defender 2. 2 Deep Zone a. Cover 2 ² 2 Deep Weakside Zone b. Cover 3 ² 2 Deep Strongside Zone 3. ¼, ¼, ¼, ¼, Zone a. Cover 4² Weakside 1/4, 1/4, 1/4, 1/4. b. Cover 7 ² Strongside ¼, ¼, ½ c. Cover 4 Cloud ² ¼, ¼, ½.

3 DEEP COVERAGES 3 SKY
WS C SS
WEAK FLAT STRONG FLAT

C W M S

WEAK SIDE 3 DEEP COVERAGE 6 CLOUD
WS SS C
WEAK FLAT

C
STRONG FLAT

W

M

S

2 DEEP COVERAGE
WS C
WEAK FLAT

SS
STRONG FLAT

C W M S

STRONG SIDE 2 DEEP COVERAGE
C WS
STRONG FLAT WEAK FLAT

M W

S

SS

C

WEAK SIDE ¼ COVERAGE
C
WEAK FLAT

WS

SS C
STRONG FLAT

W

M

S

STRONG SIDE 1/4 DEEP COVERAGE
C WS
WEAK FLAT

C

M W

S

SS
STRONG FLAT

4. Man Free a. Cover 1 ² Strong side Man Free 1. Assume 5 Man Pressure ² Strong side 2. 1 Man Hole ² Strong Man Coverage Lber Free. 4 Man Rush. 3. 1 Man Robber ² Strong Man Coverage SS Free. 4 Man Rush. b. Cover 8 Weak side Man Free 1. Assume 8 Man Pressure ²Weak side 2. 8 Man Hole ²Weak side Lber Free 3. 8 Man Thief ²Weak side Man Coverage WS Free 5. Pressure Man a. Cover 0 ² Lber Pressure 1. Assume 6 Man Pressure 2. Man Hole ² Lber Free

5. b. Cover 9 Secondary Blitz. 1. Assume 6 man Pressure. 6. Zone Pressures a. Z P = 4 Man Pressure 1. End Drop 2. Tackle Cop b. Hand = 5 Man Pressure

MAN FREE COVERAGES COVER 1
WS C SS W M S C

WEAK SIDE MAN FREE COVERAGE COVER 8
SS C WS M W S C

MAN FREE COVERAGES COVER 1 HOLE
WS C SS W M S C

PRESSURE MAN COVER COVER 0
C WS M W S SS C

PRESSURE MAN SECONDARY BLITZ COVER 9
C M S W SS WS C

ZONE PRESSURE 4 MAN RUSH
WS C
WEAK FLAT

SS M S

C

W E

STRONG FLAT

ZONE PRESSURE 3HAND 5 MAN RUSH
WS C
WEAK FLAT

SS M S

C

W E

STRONG FLAT

IV. FORMATIONS AND HOW THEY AFFECT DEFENSES A. Middle of the field open or closed B. Two Back Formations 1. Rt/Lt (7 or 8 man Box) 2. Slot Formations (7 or 8 man Box) 3. Open Slot Formations a. Create 6 Man Box C. One Back Formations 1. One Back Formations a. 2 TE·s, One Back (7 or 8 man Box) b. Must Defend 8 Gaps (Softens Force) 2. Dbl ² 3 WR·s, 1 TE, 1 Back a. 6 Man Box

3. Spread ² 4 WR·s, 1 Back a. 5 Man Box = MFO b. 6 Man Box = MFC D. Three Back Formations 1. Balance Formation 2. Make Defense Balance E. No Back Formations 1. Displace Lber or Pressure

V. UNDERSTANDING HOW FRONTS AND COVERAGES ARE COORDINATED A. Coverages 1. Rotation ² A Secondary Defender with underneath coverage. Strong side or Weak side rotation. 2. Rush/Coverage Ratio·s ² 4-4-3 a. Number of defender·s in the rush b. Number of underneath defenders in coverage c. Number of deep defenders 3. Flat Defender a. QB should know flat defender both strong and weak by reading coverage. 4. Anticipate pressure by reading coverage @ front.

5. Identify if Front and Coverage are coordinated a. Weakside Zone Coverage ² Overshifted Front b. Strongside coverage = Undershifted Front c. Balance front, drop off Lbers determined by coverages. B. Fronts 1. Balanced ² Fronts a. 50 ² (3/4) Personnel ² 7 Man Front b. 60 ² (4/3) Personnel ² 7 Man Front c. 70 ² (4/3) Personnel ² 7 Man Front d. 80 ² (4/4) Personnel ² 8 Man Front

2. Over shifted Defenses a. 3/4 Personnel ² Nose over shifts to TE side b. 4/3 Personnel ² Mike Lber over shifted to TE side c. 4/4 Personnel ² Line over shifted to TE side 3. Under shifted Defenses a. 3/4 Personnel ² Nose aligns to Split End side b. 4/3 Personnel ² Mike Lber aligns to Split End side c. 4/4 Personnel ² Line over shifted to Split End side

15

WS
10

C
5

C W M E T T S E
Y Z

SS

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R

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15

WS
10

SS C

C
5

W E
X

M T T E
Y

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15 10

C
5

WS M WE T T E
Y

SS S

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VI. HOW TO UNDERSTAND WHERE TO RUN THE FOOTBALL A. Numbering the Defense ² B. Two Back Running Rules 1. TE Side -Never run the ball to a 5 Man Side 2 . SE Side ² Must run ball to Split so defense overload TE Side C. Two Back Split End Rule 1. 3 or less SE ² Run SE, 3 ½ or more ² Run To TE D. Reduction rule ² SE 1. 70, 90, 2 Man side ² Run SE, Run TE vs. all looks other won·t

RT / LT FORMATIONS

15

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Y Z

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M T T E
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15 10

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M T T

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RAZAR / LARY FORMATION

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WS
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M T T E

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5

WS M WE T T E S

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X Y R H

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C W M E T T S E
Z Y R H

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X

15 10

WS C
5

C M W E T T S E SS
Z Y R H

X

E. One Back Rules ² 3 WR·s, 1 TE, 1 RB 1. TE side a. Never run to 4 Man side 2. Split End side a. Count the number in the box 1. MFO ² 6 Man Box ² Run 2. MFC ² 7 Man Box ²Throw b. One Back Split End Rule ² Allows you to run the correct side with the 7 defenders in the box F. 4 WR·s One Back Rules 1. Count the box a. MFO ² 5 Man Box ² Run b. MFC ² 6 Man Box ² Throw

DEUCE FORMATION

15 10 5

C

WS

SS

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Y Z

M T T E
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S
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5

C W E
Y

M T T

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SS
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Z R

DOUBLE FORMATION

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C C M E
Y R

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S
Z

W T T E SS
X H

15 10
C WS M S E
Z Y R H

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W T T E SS
X

15 10

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Z Y

M T T E

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C S E T T M
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X Y R H

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Z

SPREAD FORMATION

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C SS N E W T T M E
X Y R H

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WS M WE T T E S

SS

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Z Y R H

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G. 3 Back Rules 1. MFO ² 7 Man front ² 3 or less 2. MFC ² 8 Man front ² A gap

15 10 5

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HOW TO UNDERSTAND WHERE TO THROW THE FOOTBALL

A. Know how to read coverage presnap look. (PSL) 1. Know position of weak safety a. Hash b. Depth

2. Identify flat defenders a. Read defenders ² not receivers 3. Recognize man coverage a. Depth of Secondary b. Defenders looking at receivers not QB c. Alignment of safeties and corners d. Body language of Lbers 4. Identify easiest throw a. Anticipate hots and choose where to go with the ball. b. Know where and when you are one on one c. Take the first open receiver 5. Field Zones a. Zone #1 ² No cover zone ² 100% completion 1. Screens 2. Swings 3. Crab route

b. Zone #2 Short Game ² 60% completion 1. Quick game ² 3 Step 2. 8 ² 10 yards ² 5 Step Game 3. Check Down Routes ² 7 Step Play Action c. Zone #3 Intermediate Zone ² 50% completion 1. QB must be conscious of the drop of the Lbers lanes

2. Must be able to throw over Lber or through with touch and good velocity. 3. Play action to control Lbers

d. Zone #4 Deep Zone ² 30% completion 1. Vital to stretch the defense 2. Look for mismatches for home run ² 1 Big Play per half 3. Controls or influence Safety 4. 9 Route ² out run a corner 6. Understanding Launch points and passing lanes

Defining Field Zones
In order to be efficient in throwing the football, a Quarterback must understand the concept of field zones and the related concepts of rush plus coverage. As shown below we have defined four vertical field zones; Based on the spot of the ball, these zones extend from an area of 5-6 yards behind the L.O.S. (Line of Scrimmage) to a depth of 55-60 yards beyond the L.O.S. or into the end zone. In addition, the vertical zones have been sub-divided into 11 horizontal coverage zones with five short zones, 3 intermediate and 3 deep zones. The ability of the defense to cover or defend these zones is directly related to their rushcoverage ratio. 35 30 25 22 20 15 Zone #3 - Intermediate Zone 12 10 5
LOS

DEEP OUTSIDE

DEEP MIDDLE

DEEP OUTSIDE

Zone #4 - Deep Zone

INTERMEDIATE OUTSIDE

INTERMEDIATE MIDDLE

INTERMEDIATE OUTSIDE

Left Flat

Left Hook

Hole

Right Hook

Right Flat

Zone #2 - Short Zone Quick Screen Quick Screen Screen Screen Wide Swing

Wide Zone #1 - Behind the L.O.S. Swing (No Cover Zone)

QUARTERBACK TEST #1 1. NAME THE IDENTIFYING CHARACTERISTICS OF EACH OF THE FOLLOWING FRONTS.

A.50 FRONT B. 60 FRONT C. 80 FRONT D.90 FRONT E. 70 FRONT F. 50 STACK

2. WHAT DO THE FOLLOWING TERMS MEAN IN REGARD TO DEFENSIVE FRONTS?

A.WIDE B. TIGHT C. LOOSE D.BEAR E. SOLID

QUARTERBACK TEST #1 F. CLEAR G. ODD H. EVEN I. BOSS J. BOW K. 40 NICKEL L. 30 NICKEL

3. DESCRIBE THE FOLLOWING COVERAGES AND GIVE THEIR RUSH COVERAGE RATIOS.

A. COVER 3 SKY B. COVER 6 CLOUD C. COVER 2 HAND D. COVER 4 STAR E. COVER 7

QUARTERBACK TEST #1

F. COVER 1 HOLE G. COVER 0 H. COVER 9 WEAK I. COVER 3 4. HOW DO THE FOLLOWING FORMATIONS STRESS A DEFENSE? A. DEUCE B. SPREAD C. DOUBLE D. RAZAR/LARRY E. BONE

SLIDE SHOW

DBL LT SCAT LT 346 SHORT

15

WS
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SS

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C
5

S E
Z Y

M T T E

W
X H

R

1. WHAT IS THE FRONT AND COVERAGE ?

15 10
C WS M S E
Z Y R H

C

5

W T T E SS
X

1. WHAT DO YOU NEED TO BE ALERT FOR ?

15 10

C
5

WS S E T M T E N

SS

C

Z Y R H

X

ARE YOU PROTECTED ?
WHO IS YOUR HOT RECEIVER?

15 10

WS SS C W E T M T

C
5
Z Y R H

E

N
X

WHO IS THE S.A. ?

15 10 C

WS

SS

C

5

E
Z Y

S T

M T E

W
X H

R

WHO IS THE FLAT DEFENDER TO THE FIELD?

15 10

WS

SS C

C
5

W E
Z Y

T

M T

N E
X H R

1. WHO IS YOUR READ?

2. WHAT MUST YOU BE READY TO DO ?

15 10

WS SS C W E T M T

C
5
Z Y R H

E

N
X

ARE YOU PROTECTED ?

15 10

C

WS

SS

C

5

M S E
Z Y R

T

T

E

W
X H

WHAT IS THE COVERAGE?

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WS

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5
S
Z

W T T E SS
X H

WHAT MUST YOU DO ?

15 10

WS

SS C

C
5

M W
Z Y

S N E

N
X H R

E

WHAT MUST YOU DO WHEN YOU SEE THIS DEFENSE ?

15 10

C
5

WS M W E
Y R

SS S N E N

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Z H

X

WHAT¶S THE COVERAGE ? ARE YOU HOT OR ARE YOU THROWING S.A. ?

15 10

WS SS B W E
Y R

C
5
Z

C

M N E S
X H

MIDDLE FIELD OPEN OR CLOSED ? WHO IS YOU READ ?

15 10

WS SS M W E
Y R

C
5
Z

C

S N E

N
X H

WHAT¶S THE COVERAGE ?
‡ IS THIS A S.A. ?

15 10

WS

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5

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M T

N E
X H R

WHO ARE YOU HOT OF OFF ? HOW MANY MEN IN THE BOX ?

15

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SS C M W T E
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MIDDLE FIELD OPEN OR CLOSED ? WHERE SHOULD THE BALL GO ?

15

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