Making Better Impressions

Trouble
Shooting
Guide
2
Making Better Impressions
Table Of Contents
Guidelines for a Good Impression .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 3
Inhibited or Slow Setting .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 4–5
Lack of Impression Detail . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 6–7
Voids on the Margin . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 8–9
Tearing at the Margin .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 10–11
Facial-Lingual Pulls .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 12
Tray-Tooth Contact .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 13
Delamination.. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 14
Poor Bond of Impression Material to the Tray . .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 15
Stone Model Discrepancies .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 16
A Troubleshooting Guide
This guide is a part of an educational program of product-related information sources from
3M ESPE, designed to help improve technique, solve problems and help you make more
informed decisions.
Even the most experienced practitioner, using the best materials, can encounter difficulties
when making an impression. 3M ESPE has a long history in developing and testing impression
materials. The information assembled in this guide is based on our experience and clinical
input, and is intended to help identify common impression problems and offer solutions. This
information should help you avoid costly and time-consuming remakes or adjustments to crown
and bridge restorations.
8
Guidelines for a Good Impression
Making an accurate and detailed impression is the first and most important step in creating superior prosthetic
restorations for your patients. A good impression will have the following:
1. Uniform, homogeneous mix of material
2. Tray is sufficiently filled with impression material
3. Thoroughly applied tray adhesive
4. Rigid, sturdy impression tray
5. No voids or pulls on margin detail
6. Detailed margins with no tears or rough surfaces
7. No tray show-through of the impression material
8. Good blend between heavy body and light body materials
9. Strong bond between impression material and tray
10. No tooth contact with the tray
11. Complete information about the impression material used provided
to the dental laboratory
3M

ESPE

Impregum

Polyether Impression Materials.
Photos courtesy of Jorge Perdigao, DMD, and Holmer Meiser, DDS, University of Minnesota.
3M

ESPE

Imprint

3 VPS Impression Materials.
Photos courtesy of Dr. Med. Dent Gunnar Reich, Munich, Germany.
4
Inhibited or Slow Setting
Visual Appearance: Impression not completely set. Shiny, no detail of site.
Result: Inadequate surface detail on stone cast, poor fitting restorations.
CAUSE SOLUTION
For Vinyl Polysiloxane Materials
Sulfur inhibition due to contact of latex
gloves with tissue/tooth/retraction
material or impression material.
Wear gloves proven not to contain traces
of sulfur.
If contamination is suspected, scrub affected
area with diluted hydrogen peroxide.
Residues from custom temporary or
provisional cements (acrylics) present.
Do not use impressions already used to
fabricate the temporary restoration.
Fabricate the temporary crown or bridge
after fnal impression has been made.
Remove air-inhibited layer on the exposed
surface with an alcohol wipe before making
fnal impression.
Surface Inhibition
Continued
Inhibited Setting
5
CAUSE SOLUTION
For Polyether Materials
Substances with pH < 4 inhibit setting
reaction, most commonly by the contact
with acidic retraction materials and
hemostatic agents containing epinephrine
or ferric sulfates.
Use retraction materials having pH ≥ 4.
Select retraction materials and hemostatic
agents not containing these chemicals.
Rinse, remove, dilute hemostatic solution
with water spray and suction. Dry before
taking the impression.
For VPS and PE Materials
Expired impression material does
not set properly, elastomeric properties
are insuffcient.
Check expiration date of impression material.
Inadequate mix. Bleed before applying mix tip to ensure
even dispensing.
Use mix tip according to manufacturer’s
instruction for use.
Ensure mix tip is correctly attached.
When using hand-mix materials ensure correct
mixing ratio and thorough mix of catalyst and
base paste.
Inadequate Mix
G
Lack of Impression Detail
Visual Appearance: Muted detail reproduction.
Result: Crowns may be too tight, or loose, and not fit correctly.
CAUSE SOLUTION
Impression material stored at
elevated temperature.
Store impression material at room temperature.
Impression material stored at too low a
temperature (prolongs the setting reactions,
changes viscosity and requires exceptionally
high extrusion forces for automix materials).
Keep impression material at a temperature of
18°C/64°F at least one day prior use.
Thick blood/saliva pooled around prep. Remove blood and saliva prior to
making impression.
Use 2-step impression technique.
Inadequate retraction of sulcus around prep. Use good retraction technique, with proper
moisture control.
Exceeding the working time. Follow manufacturer’s working
time specifcations.
Choose material with longer working time.
Inadequate disinfection effects surface
quality (detail reproduction) and
dimensional stability.
Use water based disinfectants according to
FDA guidelines.
Follow manufacturer’s instructions for use.
Continued
Lack of Impression Detail
7
CAUSE SOLUTION
For Polyether Materials
Substances with pH < 4 inhibit setting
reaction, most commonly by contact
with acidic retraction materials and
hemostatic agents containing epinephrine
or ferric sulfates.
Use retraction materials having pH ≥ 4.
Select retraction materials and hemostatic
agents not containing these chemicals.
Rinse, remove, and dilute hemostatic solution
from the preparation with water spray and
suction. Dry before taking the impression.
Incorrect storage conditions of the fnal
impression affects surface quality (detail
reproduction) and dimensional stability.
Rinse polyether impressions with water and
blow dry before sending it to the lab.
Do not send the impression in the same bag
as an alginate impression to the lab.
Avoid storing impressions in sealed bags.
Store the impression at room temperature
away from direct sunlight.
Exceeding the Working Time
Poor Retraction and Syringing Technique
8
Voids on the Margin
Visual Appearance: Voids/holes on margin of the prepared teeth. Incomplete margin.
Result: The fit and function of the final restoration may be compromised. Short crown margins
and/or open margins.
CAUSE SOLUTION
Air trapped in intraoral syringe.
Air trapped while flling impression tray.
Properly bleed flled elastomer syringe.
Keep tip immersed in material when
loading syringe.
Do not stop when in the middle of
loading syringe.
Keep mix tip immersed in tray material
while flling the tray.
Improper syringe technique. Keep syringe tip immersed in wash material to
avoid entrapping air.
Wiggle and stir while syringing. Push
material forward.
Inadequate coverage of marginal area
with light body impression material.
Use wash material liberally on preparation
and abutments.
Continued
Void Caused by Syringe Technique
O
CAUSE SOLUTION
Blood and saliva contamination
around prep.
Use good moisture control technique.
Rinse and dry prep area before taking
the impression.
Stop bleeding by using appropriate retraction
technique and hemostatic agent. Leave cord
in sulcus until no blood or saliva are present
before syringing the light body impression
material. Consider two-cord retraction to
displace tissue and control fuids.
Tray not seated straight. Insert impression tray straight.
Ensure that correct centric bite is attained
when using dual arch impression trays.
Exceeding the working time. Follow manufacturer’s working time
specifcations.
Choose material with longer working time.
Impression material stored at
elevated temperature.
Store impression material at room temperature.
Trapped Air or Moisture
1O
Tearing at the Margin
Visual Appearance: Rip, or visible tearing on the margin of the preparation.
Result: Short crown margins and/or open margins.
CAUSE SOLUTION
Expired impression material. Check expiration date of impression material.
Inadequate mix. Bleed before applying mix tip to ensure
even dispensing.
Use proper mix tip.
Ensure mixing instructions are followed and
materials have a streak-free appearance.
Insuffcient retraction. Displace tissue to allow the impression
material to access prepared area.
Consider two-cord retraction. Leave pilot cord
in the sulcus when taking the impression.
Use impression material with suffcient
tear resistance.
Continued
Poor Retraction — Insufficient Tear Resistance
11
CAUSE SOLUTION
For Polyether Materials
Substances with pH < 4 inhibit setting
reaction, most commonly by contact
with acidic retraction materials and
hemostatic agents containing epinephrine
or ferric sulfates.
Use retraction materials with a pH ≥ 4.
Select retraction materials and hemostatic
agents that do not contain these chemicals.
Rinse, remove, and dilute hemostatic solution
from the preparation with water spray and
suction. Dry before taking the impression.
For Vinyl Polysiloxane Materials
Sulfur inhibition due to contact of latex
gloves with tissue/tooth/retraction material
or impression material.
Wear gloves proven not to contain traces
of sulfur.
If contamination is suspected, scrub affected
area with diluted hydrogen peroxide.
Residues from custom temporary or
provisional cements (acrylics) present.
Do not use impressions already used to
fabricate the temporary restoration.
Fabricate the temporary crown or bridge
after fnal impression has been made.
Remove air-inhibited layer on the exposed
surface with an alcohol wipe before making
fnal impression.
Tearing at the Margin
12
Facial-Lingual Pulls
Visual Appearance: V-shaped void, trough-like.
Result: Failure to capture complete and accurate dentition.
CAUSE SOLUTION
Exceeding the working time. Follow manufacturer’s working
time specifcations.
Choose material with longer working time.
Tray movement or repositioning
after seating.
Do not move tray after seating.
Insuffcient amount of impression
material used.
Use more material to create back fow effect.
Impression tray does not support fow of
impression material.
Use lingual stops.
Use an impression tray that supports the fow
of the material.
Lingual Pulls
18
Tray-Tooth Contact
Visual Appearance: Show-through of tray. Impression tray exposed.
Result: Restoration may have slight distortion at marginal area, or rocks.
CAUSE SOLUTION
Prepared teeth contact the sides or bottom
of impression tray.
Use proper size tray.
Test various tray sizes to ensure proper size.
Tooth contact with the pre-set tray material
when using the two-step technique.
Carve out tray material properly before
applying wash.
Insuffcient impression material used. Fill tray adequately.
Contact with Impression Tray
14
Delamination
Visual Appearance: Heavy body and light body materials not blended, or mixed together.
Result: Restoration will not seat or fit properly.
CAUSE SOLUTION
Exceeding the working time.
Impression material stored at
elevated temperature.
Follow manufacturer’s working time
specifcations.
Choose material with longer working time.
Store impression material at room temperature.
VPS
Sulfur or acrylic contamination of pre-set
heavy body material in two-step technique.
Avoid contact with sulfur contaminants:
Wear gloves proven not to contain traces
of sulfur.
Avoid contact with acrylic and methacrylic
contaminants: Ensure impression material
does not come into contact with methacrylate
residue from acrylate temporary materials.
Poor Bond Between Heavy Body and Light Body Material
15
Poor Bond of Impression Material to the Tray
Visual Appearance: Impression pulling away from the sides/bottom of tray.
Result: Crown(s) may be tight and not seat fully, or require excessive internal adjustment.
CAUSE SOLUTION
No tray adhesive used. Use tray adhesive.
Incompatible tray adhesive used. Use appropriate tray adhesive. VPS
adhesive for VPS. Polyether adhesive
for polyether materials.
Inadequate drying time for tray adhesive. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for
application, and drying time.
Thin plastic trays allow defection, which
can cause rebound upon removal.
Use a tray that fts better, and is stiffer
and more rigid.
Separation of Material from Tray
Dental Products
3M Center
Building 275-2SE-03
St. Paul, MN 55144-1000
USA
3M Canada
Post Office Box 5757
London, Ontario N6A 4T1
Canada
1-800-265-1840 ext. 6229
Printed in USA
70-2009-3525-5
© 3M 2006. All rights reserved.
Used under license in Canada.
3M, ESPE and Espertise are
trademarks of 3M ESPE or
3M ESPE AG.
Please Recycle
A Leader in the Dental Industry
You can trust 3M ESPE as an educational resource. This guide is part of our ongoing efforts to add value to the products and
materials you use in your practice on a daily basis. Of the more than 2,000 quality products 3M ESPE manufactures and markets
to the dental industry, we offer a full line of impression materials, as well as products to meet your restorative, crown and bridge,
preventive, infection control, and cosmetic dentistry needs.
For more information, call the 3M ESPE Technical Hotline:
1-800-634-2249 or visit www.3MESPE.com.
Stone Model Discrepancies
Visual Appearance: Voids on margin, powdery cusp tips on incisal edges on prepared tooth. “Golf-ball” appearance of stone model.
Result: Incomplete seating of indirect restorations.
CAUSE SOLUTION
Tooth contact with impression tray, or gauze of double
bite tray causes water to leach out of the tray, dehydrating
the stone.
Instruct patient to bite passively in centric occlusion when
using dual arch trays.
Fill tray with suffcient amount of material.
Cast not made according to model preparation guidelines
and lacks detail.
Provide as much information as possible to the lab. Indicate
type of impression material (polyether or VPS) and whether
or not the impression has been disinfected.
VPS
Hydrogen gas emission. Follow manufacturer’s instruction for casting time.
Stone Model with Hydrogen Evolution Voids Stone Model with Powdery Cusp Tips

. . .. . ... .. . . . . . .... . . . .. .. ... . ... . ...... .. .. .. ... .... . . . .. ..... . .. ...... .. . ........ . ... . .. ... . .. ... .. . . .. ... . . ... . ..... .... . .. . . . . . . 16 A Troubleshooting Guide This guide is a part of an educational program of product-related information sources from 3M ESPE.. The information assembled in this guide is based on our experience and clinical input. ... . . . . .. . . . . This information should help you avoid costly and time-consuming remakes or adjustments to crown and bridge restorations.. . ... . . .. . ..... ...... ..... . . . ....... .. ... . . . . ... ..... . ... 3M ESPE has a long history in developing and testing impression materials. . . .. ... .. . . .. . . ...... . using the best materials. .. . . . ....... . .. . . ... ....... .. ....... .. .. . . . . .. . ... . ... . ..... . .. . .. . . . . ... ...... ..... ... . ... .. .. . .. . . . . . . . . . ... .. ... . .... .... .. . . . . .. . .. . . ... . . . . . . ... .. .. . . .. . . . . .. . . . 12 Tray-Tooth Contact . ... . .. . . .. ... . .. .... .. .... . ... . .. .. . .. .. . .. .... .. .. . . . .. . . .. . . .. . ... .. ... . . 4–5 Lack of Impression Detail . .. .. . ... .. ....... .... .. . . .. .. . . and is intended to help identify common impression problems and offer solutions. . ...... .. . .. . . .... . . .. . . . ... ...Making Better Impressions Table Of Contents Guidelines for a Good Impression .. .. . .. 8–9 Tearing at the Margin .. .. . . .......... ..... . .... . . . . .. .. . ... ... . designed to help improve technique... . . Even the most experienced practitioner. .. .. ....... .. 3 Inhibited or Slow Setting .. .. .. .... . . .... ... . . . 14 Poor Bond of Impression Material to the Tray . . ..... 15 Stone Model Discrepancies . .. . .. . . . . . . ... . .. ... . ... .. .... ... can encounter difficulties when making an impression.. . . .... . . ... . . 10–11 Facial-Lingual Pulls ... 2 .... solve problems and help you make more informed decisions.... .... 6–7 Voids on the Margin . .... .. .. . ... .. . . .. . . . .. .. .. .. . ... . .... . ... . .... . 13 Delamination... . . . .. . . ... .. ... . ... . .. ...... .. .. .

Thoroughly applied tray adhesive 4. Uniform. Rigid. homogeneous mix of material 2. Photos courtesy of Dr. DDS. Strong bond between impression material and tray 10. Munich. Photos courtesy of Jorge Perdigao. DMD. Guidelines for a Good Impression Making an accurate and detailed impression is the first and most important step in creating superior prosthetic restorations for your patients. A good impression will have the following: 1.3M™ ESPE™ Impregum™ Polyether Impression Materials. 3 . Tray is sufficiently filled with impression material 3. No voids or pulls on margin detail 6. Med. No tray show-through of the impression material 8. Detailed margins with no tears or rough surfaces 7. Good blend between heavy body and light body materials 9. and Holmer Meiser. Dent Gunnar Reich. No tooth contact with the tray 11. sturdy impression tray 5. Germany. University of Minnesota. Complete information about the impression material used provided to the dental laboratory 3M™ ESPE™ Imprint™ 3 VPS Impression Materials.

Continued Inhibited Setting Surface Inhibition  . scrub affected area with diluted hydrogen peroxide. Residues from custom temporary or provisional cements (acrylics) present. Fabricate the temporary crown or bridge after final impression has been made. poor fitting restorations. CAUSE For Vinyl Polysiloxane Materials Sulfur inhibition due to contact of latex gloves with tissue/tooth/retraction material or impression material. no detail of site. Do not use impressions already used to fabricate the temporary restoration. If contamination is suspected.Inhibited or Slow Setting Visual Appearance: Impression not completely set. Result: Inadequate surface detail on stone cast. Remove air-inhibited layer on the exposed surface with an alcohol wipe before making final impression. Shiny. SOLUTION Wear gloves proven not to contain traces of sulfur.

Bleed before applying mix tip to ensure even dispensing.CAUSE For Polyether Materials Substances with pH < 4 inhibit setting reaction. remove. Use mix tip according to manufacturer’s instruction for use. most commonly by the contact with acidic retraction materials and hemostatic agents containing epinephrine or ferric sulfates. Inadequate Mix  . dilute hemostatic solution with water spray and suction. Dry before taking the impression. Select retraction materials and hemostatic agents not containing these chemicals. For VPS and PE Materials Expired impression material does not set properly. Rinse. elastomeric properties are insufficient. When using hand-mix materials ensure correct mixing ratio and thorough mix of catalyst and base paste. Inadequate mix. Ensure mix tip is correctly attached. SOLUTION Use retraction materials having pH ≥ 4. Check expiration date of impression material.

Follow manufacturer’s working time specifications. or loose. Continued Lack of Impression Detail  .Lack of Impression Detail Visual Appearance: Muted detail reproduction. Remove blood and saliva prior to making impression. CAUSE Impression material stored at elevated temperature. Exceeding the working time. Inadequate retraction of sulcus around prep. Impression material stored at too low a temperature (prolongs the setting reactions. Use water based disinfectants according to FDA guidelines. with proper moisture control. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for use. Thick blood/saliva pooled around prep. Use good retraction technique. Keep impression material at a temperature of 18°C/64°F at least one day prior use. Inadequate disinfection effects surface quality (detail reproduction) and dimensional stability. changes viscosity and requires exceptionally high extrusion forces for automix materials). Choose material with longer working time. Result: Crowns may be too tight. SOLUTION Store impression material at room temperature. and not fit correctly. Use 2-step impression technique.

Rinse. Avoid storing impressions in sealed bags. Poor Retraction and Syringing Technique Exceeding the Working Time  . remove.CAUSE For Polyether Materials Substances with pH < 4 inhibit setting reaction. Store the impression at room temperature away from direct sunlight. and dilute hemostatic solution from the preparation with water spray and suction. Dry before taking the impression. Do not send the impression in the same bag as an alginate impression to the lab. Rinse polyether impressions with water and blow dry before sending it to the lab. SOLUTION Use retraction materials having pH ≥ 4. Select retraction materials and hemostatic agents not containing these chemicals. most commonly by contact with acidic retraction materials and hemostatic agents containing epinephrine or ferric sulfates. Incorrect storage conditions of the final impression affects surface quality (detail reproduction) and dimensional stability.

Keep mix tip immersed in tray material while filling the tray. SOLUTION Properly bleed filled elastomer syringe. Keep tip immersed in material when loading syringe. Push material forward. Continued Void Caused by Syringe Technique  . Inadequate coverage of marginal area with light body impression material. Use wash material liberally on preparation and abutments. Result: The fit and function of the final restoration may be compromised. CAUSE Air trapped in intraoral syringe. Keep syringe tip immersed in wash material to avoid entrapping air. Short crown margins and/or open margins. Air trapped while filling impression tray. Improper syringe technique. Do not stop when in the middle of loading syringe.Voids on the Margin Visual Appearance: Voids/holes on margin of the prepared teeth. Incomplete margin. Wiggle and stir while syringing.

Choose material with longer working time. Stop bleeding by using appropriate retraction technique and hemostatic agent. Impression material stored at elevated temperature. Leave cord in sulcus until no blood or saliva are present before syringing the light body impression material. Exceeding the working time. SOLUTION Use good moisture control technique. Insert impression tray straight.CAUSE Blood and saliva contamination around prep. Consider two-cord retraction to displace tissue and control fluids. Follow manufacturer’s working time specifications. Ensure that correct centric bite is attained when using dual arch impression trays. Rinse and dry prep area before taking the impression. Trapped Air or Moisture  . Tray not seated straight. Store impression material at room temperature.

Inadequate mix. Use impression material with sufficient tear resistance. Continued Poor Retraction — Insufficient Tear Resistance 10 . Consider two-cord retraction. Ensure mixing instructions are followed and materials have a streak-free appearance. Result: Short crown margins and/or open margins. Use proper mix tip. Insufficient retraction. SOLUTION Check expiration date of impression material. Bleed before applying mix tip to ensure even dispensing. or visible tearing on the margin of the preparation. Leave pilot cord in the sulcus when taking the impression.Tearing at the Margin Visual Appearance: Rip. Displace tissue to allow the impression material to access prepared area. CAUSE Expired impression material.

Dry before taking the impression.CAUSE For Polyether Materials Substances with pH < 4 inhibit setting reaction. Rinse. Wear gloves proven not to contain traces of sulfur. If contamination is suspected. For Vinyl Polysiloxane Materials Sulfur inhibition due to contact of latex gloves with tissue/tooth/retraction material or impression material. Residues from custom temporary or provisional cements (acrylics) present. scrub affected area with diluted hydrogen peroxide. Tearing at the Margin 11 . most commonly by contact with acidic retraction materials and hemostatic agents containing epinephrine or ferric sulfates. SOLUTION Use retraction materials with a pH ≥ 4. Fabricate the temporary crown or bridge after final impression has been made. and dilute hemostatic solution from the preparation with water spray and suction. remove. Do not use impressions already used to fabricate the temporary restoration. Remove air-inhibited layer on the exposed surface with an alcohol wipe before making final impression. Select retraction materials and hemostatic agents that do not contain these chemicals.

Do not move tray after seating. SOLUTION Follow manufacturer’s working time specifications. Insufficient amount of impression material used. CAUSE Exceeding the working time. trough-like. Tray movement or repositioning after seating. Impression tray does not support flow of impression material. Use more material to create back flow effect. Use an impression tray that supports the flow of the material.Facial-Lingual Pulls Visual Appearance: V-shaped void. Use lingual stops. Choose material with longer working time. Result: Failure to capture complete and accurate dentition. Lingual Pulls 12 .

CAUSE Prepared teeth contact the sides or bottom of impression tray. Contact with Impression Tray 13 .Tray-Tooth Contact Visual Appearance: Show-through of tray. or rocks. Carve out tray material properly before applying wash. Result: Restoration may have slight distortion at marginal area. Insufficient impression material used. Fill tray adequately. SOLUTION Use proper size tray. Impression tray exposed. Test various tray sizes to ensure proper size. Tooth contact with the pre-set tray material when using the two-step technique.

Impression material stored at elevated temperature. Avoid contact with acrylic and methacrylic contaminants: Ensure impression material does not come into contact with methacrylate residue from acrylate temporary materials. Store impression material at room temperature. Choose material with longer working time.Delamination Visual Appearance: Heavy body and light body materials not blended. VPS Sulfur or acrylic contamination of pre-set heavy body material in two-step technique. Result: Restoration will not seat or fit properly. or mixed together. SOLUTION Follow manufacturer’s working time specifications. Avoid contact with sulfur contaminants: Wear gloves proven not to contain traces of sulfur. Poor Bond Between Heavy Body and Light Body Material 1 . CAUSE Exceeding the working time.

Inadequate drying time for tray adhesive. Follow manufacturer’s instructions for application. CAUSE No tray adhesive used. or require excessive internal adjustment. and is stiffer and more rigid. Thin plastic trays allow deflection. Use appropriate tray adhesive.Poor Bond of Impression Material to the Tray Visual Appearance: Impression pulling away from the sides/bottom of tray. and drying time. Polyether adhesive for polyether materials. SOLUTION Use tray adhesive. VPS adhesive for VPS. Incompatible tray adhesive used. Use a tray that fits better. Separation of Material from Tray 1 . which can cause rebound upon removal. Result: Crown(s) may be tight and not seat fully.

Indicate type of impression material (polyether or VPS) and whether or not the impression has been disinfected. 3M.3MESPE. powdery cusp tips on incisal edges on prepared tooth. This guide is part of our ongoing efforts to add value to the products and materials you use in your practice on a daily basis. Stone Model with Hydrogen Evolution Voids Stone Model with Powdery Cusp Tips A Leader in the Dental Industry You can trust 3M ESPE as an educational resource. infection control. dehydrating the stone. Fill tray with sufficient amount of material. All rights reserved. Ontario N6A 4T1 Canada 1-800-265-1840 ext. or gauze of double bite tray causes water to leach out of the tray. call the 3M ESPE Technical Hotline: 1-800-634-2249 or visit www. . as well as products to meet your restorative.Stone Model Discrepancies Visual Appearance: Voids on margin.com. Result: Incomplete seating of indirect restorations. 6229 Please Recycle Printed in USA 70-2009-3525-5 © 3M 2006. we offer a full line of impression materials. SOLUTION Instruct patient to bite passively in centric occlusion when using dual arch trays. Provide as much information as possible to the lab. Dental Products 3M Center Building 275-2SE-03 St. ESPE and Espertise are trademarks of 3M ESPE or 3M ESPE AG. Cast not made according to model preparation guidelines and lacks detail. Paul. MN 55144-1000 USA 3M Canada Post Office Box 5757 London. Used under license in Canada. VPS Hydrogen gas emission.000 quality products 3M ESPE manufactures and markets to the dental industry. preventive. Follow manufacturer’s instruction for casting time. CAUSE Tooth contact with impression tray. For more information. and cosmetic dentistry needs. “Golf-ball” appearance of stone model. crown and bridge. Of the more than 2.

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