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Calc. by Date Chk'd by Date App'd by Date
L_proj (Clear projection of bolt above nut)
t_was (Washer thickness)
t_p (Base plate thickness)
t_gr (Thickness of bedding)
L_bolt (Overall length of bolts)
PULL-OUT CAPACITY OF HOLDING DOWN BOLTS These calculations assume that there is no coexistent shear in the holding-down bolts. Tension capacity of bolts Maximum tension force per bolt; Try M24 (Grade 8.8); bolts;
Ft = 29.0 kN Pt = 158.9 kN ; dnut = 19 mm Check Ft ≤ Pt ; Pass - Bolt tension capacity;
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Pull-out resistance of concrete Overall length of bolts; Clear projection of bolt above nut; Thickness of washer, baseplate & grout; Depth of embedment; Depth of embedment selected; Design spacing of bolts (c/c);
Lbolt = 1000 mm Lproj = 25 mm twas = 2 mm ; tp = 25 mm ; tgr = 50 mm Aec = 36885.0 cm 2 de = Lbolt - Lproj - dnut - twas - tp - tgr = 879 mm de = 879 mm Xccs = 75 mm vc = 0.34 N/mm 2 Ptc = Aec × vc / 2 = 627.0 kN Check Ft ≤ Ptc ; Pass - Concrete pull-out resistance
From BCSA HDBolts document, effective conical surface area; for two bolts;
Shear strength of concrete; Design pull-out resistance, per bolt;
Bolts require adequate anchorage by suitably sized washer plates or equivalent under the bolt heads.
BS 5950: Part 1: 2000: Sections 4.13 & 6.6 'Holding down systems for steel stanchions' BCSA / Constrado 1980