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The Women's International Media Group, Inc. P. O. Box 77 Middletown, MD 21769-0077 301/371-0541 (F) 301/371-0541 Vol. 6, Issue 5 September-October, 2004 Issued January, 2005 www.womensgroup.org
“THE POWER OF THE BRITISH COMMONWEALTH OVER THE WORLD”
By Joan Veon, Executive Director Introduction The following report on ―The Power of the British Commonwealth Over the World‖ began when I was at the WTO meeting in Cancun in September 2003. There, several African countries held a press briefing in which they said that they would starve if America and other rich countries did not open their cotton and agricultural markets to them. I asked several questions about their vast natural resources (gold and strategic minerals) and if they had any monies left over after their World Bank loans were paid. They refused to answer. Afterward I spoke to each one and asked the following questions and received the same response. Since they were Commonwealth members, I asked if they could go to Britain for help. They could not. So I then asked why they don’t withdraw from the Commonwealth if there is no help. With great alarm, they told me they could not withdraw from this voluntary association. When I returned home, I called the British Information Office to see if they could tell me if the countries which Britain de-colonized in the 1950’s, 60’s, and 70’s received a vote at the UN at the time of separation. The lady told me she would have to research my very good question. She called the next day to tell me that every time a country was granted independence from Britain, they were given a vote at the UN. Bingo! I have always questioned how Britain would regain control of America when they were defeated by Andrew Jackson at the Battle of New Orleans in 1812. Are we so naive to think that they would not try some other way to ―capture the world‖? In the past ten years, as I have covered the UN, I have been amazed at the number of suggestions and key reports that come from the British which influence UN policy. So, just how much power does Britain have in the world today? The first book that I wrote is Prince Charles the Sustainable Prince which has to do with the role of the British Royal Family as the power behind the United Nations. This book asserts that the British ARE the power behind the United Nations. This opinion has not changed since I wrote Prince Charles. The prince is a key, behind-the-scenes mover and shaker and is responsible for the radical environmental agenda that perverts Genesis 1, 2, and 3 and puts the earth above man
Norwegians. Throughout the 8th century. Early History The Celtic culture in Early Britain developed about 1000 BC and came from Gaul.‖ For several hundred years. Due to his battles with the Danes. and British fought as to who would have power and control. he succeeded in becoming the first king of England. what land and cattle the king should have in the country. With him. From the rule of the Plantagenet’s to Richard the Lionhearted and the Crusades to King John who was forced to sign the ―Great Magna Carta‖ in Runnymede on June 15. assets belonging to the manor. They remained for nearly 400 years. there were in the whole of the land only two Englishmen holding estates of any dimension. Ethelbert had married Bertha. Feudalistic Sustainable Development Further restrictions and hardship came from William’s New Forest laws and his vast extension of new royal forests in which all hunting rights belonged to the king. The peasantry was deprived of a valuable food source in times of bad harvests. He was born in 849 and became King of Wessex in 871. Some of the sub-titles are my interpretation of the material reprinted. William insisted that landowners who had land from the king produce a set quota of mounted knights which produced a new ruling class in England.and not man above the earth as God intended. . A Brief History of Britain The following is taken from the Internet site. Alfred occupied London. It worked only too well. Augustine was sent to convert the pagan English by Pope Gregory. Aethelbold called himself ―King of Britain‖ while his son Offa called himself ―king of all the English. driven from their homelands by the Romans who invaded in 55BC under Julius Caesar. other than small-estate holders. By 410 Britain had become self-governing in three parts. I was not aware of the information you are now going to read. 1215. After the Romans left. those at the bottom suffered most. In 43 AD an expedition was ordered against Britain by Emperor Claudius who sent an army of 40. ―britania. losing all their rights as free men and coming to be regarded as mere property. daughter of the Merovingian King and was practicing Christianity. the Danes. In 597 St. In this system. to Edward I.‖ William sent his men into every village and had them find out how many hides there were. came feudalism and a new aristocracy. By 1086. 1066. the ―Domesday Book‖ was begun and was an attempt to provide the king with every penny to which he was legally entitled. In 896.000 men. England entered a dark period. When I wrote Prince Charles. The Romans established their bases in what is known as Kent and subdued much of Britain in less than 40 years. ―Down to the last pig. various kings in various part of Britain tried to gain control. and what dues he ought to have in twelve months from the town or village [JV: Does this sound like sustainable development and the UN Biological Diversity Treaty?]. Scandinavians. The first Anglo-Saxon kingdom in Britain was an Anglo-Celtic kingdom. A Narrative History by Peter N. What I have tried to do is to show the aggressiveness of this little island nation and its role in the world today. In 726.‖ and is from England. In 1080. The Normans invaded England in order to secure the throne for William of Normandy who was crowned King of England at Westminster on Christmas Day. Williams. By 314 an organized Christian Church seems to have been established in most of Britain. reckoning the wealth of England.
David Ingram explored from the Gulf of Mexico to Canada and reported finding vines with grapes as large as a man’s thumb. a feat surpassed by his even greater haul one year later. Sir . the Muscovy Company was founded by Richard Chancellor to trade with Russia in 1555. Though little more than pirates. later Lord Burghley. [JV: It should be noted that Lord Burghley perfected torture techniques and the secret police. This act created the East India Company. Sir Francis Drake searched the world for treasures. It became one of the ever-increasing problems for the country’s government: the interference of trade with legislation and administration was to become an inevitable part of the future. That year Thomas Gresham opened the Royal Exchange in London to make it the financial capital of the world. 1698. [JV: This is very key for they still rule the world today. English mariner Francis Drake undertook his daring voyage of 1572 to capture the Spanish treasure fleet returning from Peru. the trading classes were able to control parliament. Then John Hawkins. renamed the Golden Hind after the gallant ship had passed through the Straits of Magellan. who began his career high-jacking Portuguese and Spanish ships in 1562. many of the Dutch bankers and capitalists from Antwerp flocked to London to find a new and more secure international money and credit market. Drake arrived back in Plymouth having circumnavigated the globe in the Pelican. In 1580. This company. As a result of the defeat of the Spanish Armada by Elizabeth I and her long reign. Industry and trade prospered under the guidance of men like Secretary Cecil. England’s own era of exploration.] During her reign. Key British Economic and Trade Concepts In 1694. Parliament came up with the idea of granting monopolies in trade by an act of Parliament. English sailors began their mastery of the world’s oceans. As a result. In 1496. Cecil encouraged the fishing industry. Martin Frobisher established trade with Moscow in 1555 to trade with Russia. He reached Moscow by way of the White Sea and Archangel in 1553. In 1584. On May 26.] As a result of the East India Trading Company. initiated by the Cabots. the Bank of England was formed by a private stock company which raised their own funds and issued their own money to be lent to the government ―in perpetuity. these seamen laid the foundations of their nation’s naval superiority which was to last for centuries. John Cabot discovered Newfoundland in 1497. John and Sebastian Cabot discovered Newfoundland and Nova Scotia. the British kings and queens were concerned with holding on to the power of the monarchy. was expanded by the journeys of Hugh Willoughby to seek a Northeast Passage to China and the spice trade.‖ Then a group of merchants and sea captains at Lloyd’s Coffee House in 1688 formed marine insurance which would underwrite enormous expenditures in overseas ventures and shipping. led to England’s entering the Slave Trade. England saw remarkable economic growth and a time of calm from her chaotic past. Drake was knighted by the Queen after capturing the richest prize ever taken at sea. with the newly formed Bank of England showed only too well the growing power of the British traders and financiers over the state government (emphasis added). the source of England’s navy and backbone of its sea power.Longshanks to Henry VIII and to Queen Elizabeth I.‖ This started the concept of ―central banking.
Chesapeake Bay was discovered by Ralph Lane and Davis Strait by John Davis. the Honorable East India Company was chartered to make annual voyages to the Indies and to challenge Dutch control of the spice trade. The British arrived in 1820. Dominica and Tobago in the West Indies. That same year. In 1632. the Boer War began.Walter Raleigh established a colony in Roanoke. . Eventually the Boer republics were annexed to the British crown in 1900. Sir Richard Cavendish became the third man to circumnavigate the globe when the ship the Desire reached England after a voyage of over two years. After James I made peace with Spain in 1604. Maryland received its charger by a grant from King Charles to Cecil Calvert. The 1674 Treaty of Westminster returned New York and Delaware to England. the Mayflower arrived off Cape Cod with 100 Pilgrims. Rhodes dreamed of extending British rule in Africa. Nova Scotia. Britain gained Canada. The South Sea company founded in 1711 had acquired a monopoly in the lucrative Spanish slave trade and other trading ventures in South America. Vincent. and in Europe. a small group of Dutch settlers founded Cape Town. In 1815. In 1655. At the Treaty of Paris in 1763. Cecil Rhodes who founded the De Beers Mining Corporation in 1880 was determined that the riches being discovered in South Africa were not going to the Boer farmers. In 1586. Virginia was founded in 1607. In 1698. Jamaican ginger. Pennsylvania had its beginning in the land grant given to William Penn. Both Northern and Southern Rhodesia were granted charters by London. In 1585. Hudson’s ship Discovery reached the strait later to be known as Hudson Bay. New Amsterdam was renamed New York after its capture from the Dutch. South Africa came to attention of Europeans when a Dutch ship broke up and the survivors urged authorities to establish a settlement for provisioning their East India fleets. Henry Hudson sought a route to China and sailed around the Eastern Short of Greenland. John Endicott arrived as the first Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony. In 1620. One year later. A year later. Rhodes with other imperialists established British colonies to the north of the Boer territories. Minorca. In 1648. William Dampier sailed on his Pacific expedition to explore the West Coast of Australia. Cape Breton. the Dutch East India Company was created to obtain spices directly from the Orient. Florida (from Spain). Jamestown. the West Indian Islands of Grenada. the right to navigate the Mississippi. Britain gained its longdesired ―half-way house‖ on the sea route to India when the Dutch ceded the Cape of Good Hope. In 1610. When the Portuguese closed its spice market in Lisbon to Dutch and English traders. When diamonds were discovered in the Orange Free State. the New Jersey Colony was founded by English colonists. amassed in the diamond and gold fields. Admiral Penn captured Jamaica from the Spanish. he re-directed England’s efforts at colonizing North America and the Plymouth and London companies sent ships and colonists. Then gold was discovered in the Transvaal in 1886. Virginia. In 1652. the first oriental spice to be grown in the New World. In 1654. Using his great wealth. St. arrived in Europe. Senegal in Africa and the preservation in India of the East India Company’s monopoly. In 1628. In 1600. Canada. In 1681.
The Opium War ended with the Treaty of Nanking in 1842 that opened up five ―Treaty Ports‖ for trade and gave Hong Kong to Britain. Observations of Commonwealth Countries While I could make numerous observations about the various countries that comprise the Commonwealth countries. you will find a chart of British interference and domination in the affairs of the world. the British went further west. Spain still claimed the whole West Coast of America up to Alaska but after a confrontation at Vancouver between the two countries. England presented an ultimatum to the Spanish whose lack of allies and an effective navy forced them to accept its terms. In 1788. I would like to offer the following: . it was called New Zealand. On the following page. Australia to resettle criminals and to accommodate early settlers to help with the overpopulation in Britain which the agricultural and industrial revolutions had contributed to. an article by James Mill on ―colonization‖ in the ―Encyclopedia Britannica‖ offered emigration as a remedy for over-population. Britain’s rise to a world power meant that she found interest everywhere. Canada. Britain had found a new empire. The Spanish recognition of British trading and fishing rights in the area opened the way for the establishment of British Columbia and the creation of a British North America. When China forbade the opium trade and fired on a British warship. India was regarded as the ―jewel in the crown‖ of the British Empire. Between 1768 and 1781. but also the vast Empire of India and a veritable host of dependent territories all over the world’s oceans. The British victory led to the withdrawal of the French East India Company. Captain Cook discovered a country that consisted of two main islands. Robert Clive defeated pro-French forces at Arcot in 1751 thus helping his East India Company monopolize appoints. New Zealand. In 1769. Captain Cook made three exploratory voyages to the West Coast of Canada. Its finances and its troops were used to protect British interests. Not only was she now head of the self-governing colonies such as Australia.In India. the British North America Act united Ontario. In 1822. silks and porcelain which was in demand in Europe. finances. Quebec. In 1770. English soldiers were involved in a war with China over British export of opium from India in exchange for silks and tea. Most of these had been acquired somehow to protect the merchants and traders of England. Then Clive defeated the local Nabob at Plassey to become virtual ruler of Bengal and opened up much of the country to further exploitation and control by the East India Company. he explored the eastern coast of what was then called ―New Holland. they were bombarded by a Royal Navy squadron. a group of English traders settled on Vancouver Island. the long struggle between Britain and France for world supremacy ended. Because the Chinese were interested in receiving fur in exchange for the tea. In 1867.‖’ He took possession of the island continent in the name of George III. When Admiral Nelson defeated a combined French and Spanish fleet near Gibraltar in 1805. even overthrowing native Indian princes. New Brunswick and Nova Scotia in the Dominion of Canada. land and power. over two thirds of the vast sub-continent was ruled by the East India Company.
‖ 3. and goal. Canada. Mozambique. bauxite. There is an interesting mix between extremely wealthy countries such as Australia. manganese. Qatar and UAE versus the Highly Indebted Poor Countries-HIPC such as Bangladesh.1 billion barrels and natural gas at 5. Nigeria – The most populous country with proven oil reserves of 27 billion barrels and natural gas reserves of 4 trillion cubic feet along with coal. iron ore. uranium and petroleum. Oman. meat. natural gas. cement and petroleum. bauxite and iron ore Uganda – Copper and cobalt Tanzania – Rich in gold. rubber and pepper. India – Has textiles. Brunei – Rich in oil and gas with 79 million barrels of oil exported in 2001. fish. transportation equipment. chrome. diamonds Guyana – Rich in bauxite. machinery. one of the world’s largest petroleum refining centers and an important ship-building center. UAE – Has 10% of the world’s oil reserves estimated at 98. manganese. steel. has a national shipping . It also has forests. ruled and plundered. diamonds and coal Zambia – Rich in copper. palm oil and electronics. gold. gold. gold and chromium.1. Please refer to Prince Charles the Sustainable Prince. 4. Brunei. bauxite. For example: Ghana – Rich in gold. you can see that ―the sun never sets on the British Empire.9% trillion cubic feet.8 trillion cubic feet as well as largest producer of dates and fresh fruits. By the number of countries that the British invaded. Kuwait – Has 10% of the world’s oil reserves at 98 billion barrels. See British Domination in World Affairs Many of the HIPC have vast mineral resources which are used to pay for World Bank loans instead of building infrastructure. 2. chemicals. manganese.6B barrels and proven natural gas of 17. peanuts and palm oil. chemicals. Israel was a British Mandate and then was made a country by vote at the United Nations. Kuwait. South Africa – The world’s largest producer of platinum. Uganda and the Sudan. gold. Oman -Has oil and natural gas with some copper. transportation equipment. diamonds Mauritania – Iron and copper ore Senegal – Petroleum refining Sierra Leone – Diamonds. Qatar – Has 5% of the world’s oil reserves of 14. The financial and economic power of some of the Commonwealth Countries and those invaded by the British is as follows: Australia – rich in coal. Singapore – Electronics. Malaysia – Rubber. wool.
While we are at it. a state founded on law by agreement of the people for the common good. tin. banking exceeded $500B. mostly formed by the United Kingdom and its former colonies. They have 40. Definition of Commonwealth The English word. ―The Commonwealth of Nations is a voluntary association of independent sovereign states. nickel. a republic. ―Commonwealth‖. cement and chemicals. Pennsylvania and Virginia are all ―commonwealths‖ which emphasizes they have ―government based on the common consent of the people‖ (Source: Wikipedia. Massachusetts. Wikipedia.org.fleet of more than 4. The states of Kentucky. was dismantled after World War II beginning with India and the activities of Mohandas Gandhi. Because several left the Commonwealth. we are told. The Commonwealth of England was the official title of the political unit that replaced the kingdoms of Scotland and England under the rule of Oliver Cromwell. paper and pharmaceuticals. Zimbabwe – Coal. clay. chemicals. state or political unit. dates from the 15th century and indicates one of the following: a nation. The Commonwealth was established as an association of free and equal states.) The Commonwealth According to an Internet encyclopedia. and/or a federated union of constituent states. they established the London Declaration which provided for members to accept the British monarch as Head of the Commonwealth regardless of their domestic con . The Commonwealth is the successor of the British Empire and has its origins in the Imperial Conferences of the 1920s. let us make mention that most of the off-shore trading and banking is conducted in the Cayman Islands which is part of the UK. wood. AT that time. copper.‖ Countries that ―acknowledge the British monarch as head of state are known as Commonwealth Realms‖ while all members recognize Queen Elizabeth II as Head of the Commonwealth. gold.000 vessels. and membership was based on common allegiance to the British Crown. The old British Empire. produces aluminum. A number of the countries that have been de-colonized are republics. steel.000 companies as of 1998 with 600 banks and trusts.Org.
and Nigeria have more than 100 million people. Since 1965 there has been a London-based Secretariat. the Commonwealth has suspended Fiji (2000-2001). The population of the Commonwealth is about 1.stitutional arrangements. Pakistan from 1999-2004. The land of Commonwealth nations equals about ¼ of the world’s land area. . Bangladesh. While it is not a long declaration. Its goals are exactly those of the UN. Organization and Objectives Queen Elizabeth II is the nominal Head of the Commonwealth. In recent years. part of it is reprinted only to show that there really is no real reason for the UK to have the Commonwealth except to control the UN through the Commonwealth. and are now considered by many to be the start of the modern Commonwealth. The objectives of the Commonwealth were set down in The Harare Declaration of 1991. Zimbabwe was suspended in 2002 and left the Commonwealth in 2003. Membership is open to countries that accept the association’s basic aims. The Declaration states in part.8 billion people which comprise about 30% of the world’s population. Nigeria from 1995 – 1999. India is the most populous member with a billion people while Pakistan. The current Commonwealth Secretary-General is the former New Zealand Foreign Minister Don McKinnon.
Pakistan and Sir Lanka. each Responsible for its own policies. communicable diseases and drug production and trafficking. Canada. migration and refugees. Malaysia. We believe that international peace and order. the Governor-General appoints the prime minister and cabinet from the part with the most support from the House of Commons. Lesotho. Totalitarianism Is giving way to democracy and justice in many parts of the world. Sierra Leone. the world is no longer locked in the iron grip of the Cold War. Furthermore. twenty more countries were de-colonized: Barbados. consulting and co-operating in the interests of their peoples and in the promotion of international understanding and world peace. Mauritius. Jamaica. Every Commonwealth country that acknowledges the queen as head of state has a representative of the queen who is called a ―Governor-General.‖ The Governor-General retains all the reserve powers that the Queen exercises in the UK which includes opening and closing parliament and abolishing parliament. Gambia. Kenya. Then between 1946-1959 when the United Kingdom de-colonized a number of countries. Guyana. The GovernorGeneral delivers ―The Speech from the Throne. Nigeria. Singapore. The Commonwealth way is to seek consensus through consultation and the sharing of experience. including excessive population growth. Botswana. Internationally. Many Commonwealth countries are poor and face acute problems. both the prime minister and the Governor-General give a speech. In Canada. Malawi. global economic development and the rule of International law are essential to the security and prosperity of mankind. debt burdens and environmental degradation. Having reaffirmed the principles to which the Commonwealth is committed. As the UK de-colonized countries. Cyprus. Maldives. they were made voting members of the United Nations. It is uniquely placed to serve as a model and as a catalyst for new forms of friendship and co-operation to all in the spirit of the Charter of the United Nations. Only sound and sustainable development can offer these millions the prospect of betterment. for example. Achieving this will require a flow of public and private resources from the developed to the developing world. their votes increased by four: Ghana. and domestic and international regimes conducive to the realization of these goals: environmental degradation. New Zealand and the United Kingdom had three votes. concentrating especially In the following areas: the protection and promotion of the fundamental political values of the Commonwealth… How Voluntary is the Commonwealth? You would think that if a country was de-colonized that Britain would have a ―hands-off‖ policy. the ten provinces all have a representative of the Queen! When Parliament is opened. we pledge the Commonwealth and our countries to work with renewed vigor. During 1960-1969. crushing poverty. Cameroon. That is not the case. .‖ Commonwealth Votes at the UN When the UN was formed in 1945.The Heads of Government of the countries of the Commonwealth reaffirm their confidence In the Commonwealth as a voluntary association of sovereign independent states. Malta.
Falkland Islands. Papau New Guinea. British Virgin Islands. Bermuda.‖ He went on to declare.‖ I would like to seriously question our involvement with. Fiji. Niue. With all this ―interconnectedness. During 1980-89. In Canada. Channel Islands.Swaziland. My country is determined to work as far as possible within the framework of international organizations and we’re hoping that other nations will work with us to make those institutions more relevant and more effective in meeting the unique threats of our time. Trinidad and Tobago. they established the Bi-national Planning Group to develop joint plans for maritime and land defense. Pitcairn Islands. more than 200 commercial planes were diverted to airports across our country from coast to coast. the various cabinet level secretaries of the 34 countries have been meeting throughout the year since then to integrate our laws. seven more countries de-colonized: Antigua and Barbuda. St. Common Prosperity. Mozambique. Cayman Islands. ―Both the U. and Turks and Caicos Islands. Uganda and Zambia. but the Free Trade Areas of the Americas-FTAA which is a trading zone for all the countries in our hemisphere. Since then both countries have implemented measures to strengthen military cooperation as well as law enforcement and intelligence agencies. Cook Islands. it was a Canadian general who was holding the chair at NORAD that gave the order to initiate our defenses. 2004 President Bush told Canada’s Prime Minister Paul Martin at a meeting on ―Common Security. On September 11. Saint Kitts and Nevis.‖ He went several steps forward when he pledged. Twenty-three percent of American exports are sent to Canada and more than 80% of Canada’s exports come to us. Canada is the largest export market for 39 of the 50 states. From a military standpoint. A new Partnership in North America. Furthermore. The last country to de-colonize was Namibia. America has been inextricably linked to Canada through our joint military efforts through the North American Aerospace Defense Command-NORAD. Canada and the Free Trade Areas of the Americas Our neighbor to the north and our largest trading partner. Isle of Man. Belize. over the past 46 years. and Solomon Islands. ―It’s good to be home. Canada is America’s largest trading partner—surpassing our trade with Japan. In addition. and for military support to civil authorities in times of emergency. During 1970-79. ten more countries decolonized: Bahamas. we not only share energy grids all across the northern borders but New England obtains most of their power from Quebec. is the largest member of the Commonwealth in this hemisphere. and Canada participate together in more multinational institutions than perhaps any two nations on earth—from NATO to the OAS to APEC in the Pacific. Saint Vincent and the Grenadines. Those that come as a result of being part of Australia or New Zealand include: Christmas Island. Bangladesh. and Zimbabwe. As a result of September 11. not only Canada. On a daily basis the volume is over $1B or about $400B a year. Cocos Island. Montserrat.S. and Tokelau. We import 80% of Canada’s wood. associated states. In November. paper and pulp and 17% of their oil and 18% of their natural gas. In December 2002. Norfolk Island. Canada. Samoa. President Bush expressed hope that our two countries would move forward on a ballistic missile defense system. Dominica. Vanuatu. Brunei Darussalam. Helena. Grenada. Begun in 1994. external territories and dependencies include: Anguilla. In a the .
this infrastructure has been developed to include trade. the Bahamas. Kitts and Nevis. St. and the people imagine a vain thing? The kings of the earth set themselves and the rulers take counsel together against the Lord and against his anointed. agencies. I can now see why Prince Charles was working behind the scenes. Not once has an American President said. . the U. ―Chose either the UN or the Commonwealth. IN CONCLUSION In conclusion. Dominica. and seven votes at the Asian Pacific Economic Cooperation! Furthermore. they still have 25 votes at the UN instead of ONE? America has 50 states and we only get ONE vote! There. Vincent and the Grenadines. the military and now intelligence as a result of the September 11 terrorist attacks on America.‖ On the following page. you will see the power of the Commonwealth. Guyana. Over the last 61 years. the Commonwealth has two votes: Malta and the UK. the Commonwealth of Nations operates in each of these organizations. Jamaica. how come. let us turn to the EU for a moment. This is occurring throughout ALL of the hundreds of committees. they rotate ―presidency‖. saying. For him to be center-stage along with the power of the Commonwealth would look like they are in the process of using Francis Drake’s pirating methods to grab the world! You can now see how The British have the majority of votes in the global organizations of the world through the Commonwealth and not one major power has questioned the ability of the Commonwealth to operate in tandem with the other global organizations! And while we are on the subject of being outvoted. THE VOTING POWER OF THE COMMONWEALTH IN THE WORLD TODAY Starting with the founding of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank in 1944. that means Britain is president 25% of the time. St. Interestingly enough.‖ Now that the travel and trade barriers are down between the European states which now total 25. When it came together the whole purpose was to create a ―United States of Europe. Lucia. law. For example. Grenada. Globally Queen Elizabeth II has out-maneuvered more than what her namesake did when she defeated the Spanish Armada! _______________ ―Why do the heathen rage. We are outvoted with our one vote at every turn. and the world are also outvoted: Free Trade Areas of the Americas by 13 votes. an economic international infrastructure was established which was followed by a political international infrastructure above the nation-states. I believe the purpose behind the construction of the international level is to transfer complete and absolute power to Britain. We are outvoted by 13 votes to our one vote in our own hemisphere! Let’s take a look at the voting power of the Commonwealth in the world today. whenever a committee is formed at the UN. etc. Belize. two votes in the European Union. Let me just make mention that on a regional basis. and they have adopted a common currency which is giving the dollar a run for her money.S. throughout the WHOLE of the UN system. if there are 4 Commonwealth countries that are part of a committee of 15. organizations.Western Hemisphere. and Trinidad and Tobago are members of the British Commonwealth. and they have a common parliament in Strasbourg. Canada. Antigua. St.
Lawrence & Quebec Dominion of Canada created British rule British rule Direct British rule Fully independent British military rule British import sugar workers British rule Captured by British Formally part of UK COUNTRY Namibia YEAR 1915 OCCURRENCE Through South Africa-UK Antigua Australia Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Nauru Nepal New Zealand Nigeria Oman 1919 1816-1923 1907 1861 1749-1951 British rule Quasi-British Protectorate British colony and Dominion British colony Sovereignty recognized Pakistan Papua New Guinea Qatar St.‖ Psalms 2 Cover and Mailing Page – Left blank for our purposes. Yet have I set my king upon my holy hill of Zion. France cedes St. BRITISH INTERFERENCE AND DOMINATION IN WORLD AFFAIRS * COUNTRY Afghanistan YEAR 1838-1842 1878-1879 1667 1901 1783 th 19 C. Somalia-H S. Lucia St. and vex them in his sore displeasure. He that sits in the heavens shall laugh: the Lord shall have them in derision. 1765 1947 Barbados Belize Botswana Brunei Burma CameroonH Canada 1627 1798-1981 1895 1841 1888 1886 1919 1765 1867 OCCURRENCE First Anglo-Afghan war. Vincent Grenadines Seychelles 1850 1884 1975 1916 1783 1983 1814 1979 1795 1979 1815 British East India Company British annexed Independence ‘71 not UK Protectorate-UN British colony Independence British ownership ceded Independence British rule Independence British rule ceded Cyprus Dominica Egypt Eritrea Figi Gambia-H Grenada 1878 1759 1914 1936 1941 1879-1916 1888 1762 1783 Sierra LeoneH Singapore Solomon Is. India British rule Treaty of Paris.Let us break their bands asunder and cast away their cords from us. Kitts Nevis St. Africa Sri Lanka Sudan-H 1808 1826 1893 1802 1910 1796 1877 British colony British port British colony British colony British dominion British colony British rule . this day have I begotten thee. I will declare: Thou art my Son. Second British invasion and Various areas annexed Became British colony Inauguration Commonwealth Became British colony British protected state First of Indian subcontinent to Come under British rule British withdrawal from India Colonized by the British British colony British protectorate Under British control Formal British Protectorate Became a province of Br. Ask of me and I shall give thee the heathen for your inheritance and the uttermost parts of the earth for your possession. Then shall he speak to them in his wrath.
Source: Financial Times World Desk Reference.K. British protectorate UK protecting power British/French joint rule British occupation..Ghana-H Guyana-H India Ireland Israel Jamaica Kenya 1874 1814 1757 1167 1948 1655 1895 1920 1892 1884 1786 1891 1887 1800 1810 Kiribati Kuwait Lesotho Malaysia Malawi-H Maldives Malta Mauritius British rule British rule British rule through EastIndia English colonization British mandate British seizure British East Africa Protectorate UK Colony British colony British rule British Crown Colony East India Company British rule British Protectorate British rule British colony Suriname Swaziland Tanzania-H Thailand Tonga Togo-H Trinidad/Toba go Tuvalu Uganda-H UAE Vanatu Yemen Zambia-H Zimbabwe (Rhodesia) United States 1667 1905 1890 1855 1900 1922 1797 British colony British protectorate British protectorate Treaty with British British protectorate Divided bet. made Crown colony in 1957 Developed by UK for copper British colony. H=Highly Indebted Poor Countries. France & UK Seized by British 1892 1893 1971 1906 1839 1889 1607 Annexed by the U. Current Commonwealth members are bolded. NY. 2004. . Dorling Kindersley Publishing. independence in 1776 MozambiquePortugal H *Does not reflect the year of independence. Andrew Heritage. named after Cecil Rhodes -founder First British colony. FTAA are shaded. Inc. Editor-in-Chief. New York.
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