5&ZeQ

+'
Y'oHT>Y6 
Smarandache x℄nG%6
Z5a
Linfan MAO
Chinese Construction
Project Bidding Technique & Cases Analyzing 

Smarandache Multi-Space Model of Bidding

Xiquan Publishing House
Chinese Branch
2006  

}Ez_77H !m\g\/EHUB1GX%4
0Q 100080/100044
maolinfan@163.com 

6([fR,(Z(pIU?Z7
-Smarandache 

x℄nG%6

Linfan MAO
Academy of Mathematics and Systems
Chinese Academy of Sciences
Beijing 100080, P.R.China
maolinfan@163.com
Chinese Construction
Project Bidding Technique & Cases Analyzing 

Smarandache Multi-Space Model of Bidding

Xiquan Publishing House
Chinese Branch
2006

This book can be ordered in a paper bound reprint from:

Books on Demand
ProQuest Information & Learning
(University of Microfilm International)
300 N.Zeeb Road
P.O.Box 1346, Ann Arbor
MI 48106-1346, USA
Tel:1-800-521-0600(Customer Service)
http://wwwlib.umi.com/bod

Peer Reviewers:
Y.P.Liu,Department of Applied Mathematics, Beijing Jiaotong University, Beijing
100044, P.R.China.
F.Tian, Academy of Mathematics and Systems, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100080, P.R.China.
M.Wang, Guoxin Tendering Co.,LTD, Beijing 100044, P.R.China.
X.Huang, Guoxin Tendering Co.,LTD, Beijing 100044, P.R.China.

Copyright 2006 by Xiquan Publishing House and Linfan Mao
Chinese Branch

Many books can be downloaded from the following Digital Library of Science:
http://www.gallup.unm.edu/∼smarandache/eBooks-otherformats.htm

ISBN: 1-59973-007-3
Standard Address Number: 297-5092  

%O -ÆB z-ÆBy1962 ℄ 12 Q 31 kz#& &HI P 1980 ℄
gV& &}HP }H T-1981 ℄ -1998 ℄`TL pZb_)=Qp  
y& 1983 ℄ 9 QETH℄P  -s-1987 ℄y_-Vy" i  
ESq:- )Ly 5 eQS q FFg E b )Q3 1998 ℄ 10 Qe
TL-&9 H Q b ) 2000 ℄ 6 Q?sL}Xke Ly 0
Qz/ +T g EL \r - -i Q  X$&  }S i  [ 
b) 1999 ℄ -2002 ℄T-Y+-zÆB -, 2003 ℄ -2005 ℄TL-L:-  
;0l,?UQEÆ By?U)z-Ww-b - 00:-i }Ly  C L ?ULyy_ Smarandache OlnWff  F
Ww-  x / ( w  p- S q 0: -  / ( w [ 3 `L T vZw k2 u
1qGraphs and CombinatoricsAustralasian J.CombinatoricJ.Appl.Math &
Computing  
Acta Mathematica SinicaMagna Scientia z -1 - -PW
w--P T L l -P p S q i p /OQ
u    /
w, `  LzCQ I ^ z -- qwk 'j N T - iL -   } A
( ^TH P  b  \  } A( ^L r~i + Y . p b
-  0 \ 67  Y . p b -  67  Y .Q  = {*r~

? C 
I Z^~` T LN TE b -   } 06 b) Li [ 3 T I
LvV?s TLb \ 5N0T LNT}`}\4yC' Li  
T - iL  }`}   2000 ℄t=6- F 9fK, ℄ L3 v
N L T+ z b -   KTK 2N A L
x} 5 "  K E 
t  } 2

L}  ?Lz Æ i `?W  }`} yL [ 3 fK azN   
X 1 LJ[
# I g E b  K # N L (q 8 ;J b 
K P BfKk NL Æ L  H G 
: `?W  }`} L [ 3 T q )  S N Zw L !EZwg E )  
} L d$2℄)) L-?| m  }?
Jm YQq 
} /- ;$ L-?  0 }
Jn 0 `} Y`}? &E Æ TiT
} T } ~ b u LEL 
` [  G J)  }) L  0 qlNaÆÆ  n  Lu J
w?& 
 ℄ , 4 ^  ^# !E 9J Jg  ?U^ i I z& 
JZ [EL ~ L Æ T   ) ` -)L KG0H&:  i P L `&
CE }) L Z [
℄  H E C)) L )5 } 
hJ4 ZJ^ iL  0 F { Li P T o
Z 1 { I b -   }4 *8 y  Ci  } ( ^ L Z l 
4 ^ iLz  l IE g E } 0 ) Z ZZ L6 b))  b -  
}$P Ly CF w V *8 ) Z Z C ` Z 1 { T 4 N 
b - FÆ: - Z L*8 IE }) L 'C b -   }  F E
Ly  CiT ÆD L2 [ZZ S z=0N h5 E ; L z
h T - iL  }`}   i Z S L b -   }`} Ly C
? N 0[ 3 ℄e T L yL C i :N b  } L Smarandache ℄ v 8
F   L LY z oHC JZ{r~}}i -) J N- 9 Z
{  _E4  } LA( ^= I ^Z ( ^ T K Li P T o  p
KW Li P T o? N Z x4 } 0NE ' fKz3 L( ^ 2 [

ii

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Z{  b -   }b& CC i FX5 T o'  ? N 4 
Z 2 {i Z 3 { I ^ iL gZ 2 {- ℄ & -   } T F EL ) 
r~K  ;   }i}P L r~`  } A( ^ L 9
  YQ[5 7  )  L r~? N E HL 0Æ T ;  
= - ℄ 0 N6 br L ;   3 m!| vL } ( 
nQU i
`} 27L-Q !E( } = - ℄ 0 N `} ! * n[Qi}
}0 -T | vL b  K ( 
`}Po - 
i QK PBb L
bF[L },  $H L } -QT o(}P   = n℄eLh4 
C }P  K Li P T o0 ? | vL℄^ !E QT oYQgH5
7 ? N E HL ? s [ 3 ; N S q }-  0 \}} L 8Æ!E
a7h0 Æ ℄ P$ Smarandache ℄gvL a Z{ ℄ v L 
oHC? Nz - = 6 a 7  0 Æ` 6 b Li }} TL 
Z 3 {- ℄ &  } 0 Æ -   } 0L OQb1  Ly&? N ? s 
K  Zwd E  L- F  H  =T K  bP H - }X5  
}   0 ;  r L b K ; 7 F} U or~  }FX5
0 SB|8F (  0 t}}}.O A n[8 mQi P T o } U
`}Qb TL )K L S `}o   0 b&- F5 7QT o? N 
u L ;  
Z 4 { I z`
NaÆQ L  }  D ℄ kurF L `} `??
U=6LZ{ Z{ 7 a N [ ` E = 6 N Æ~- QbiH   
y C }= 6 N '0  }+ o -L L 4  }` L b&0H Q  =  
0 N P 2 `;  `i  }.O` E  L- b&H  F5 7 i
{ yZ* Iw  } /- ;$~ L Æ TL 5 7I ) L 7  K 2 T I ~ 
NJ K 2  N ) w ~  Z wL a  ~  & J w E })
L  / 6 ` I 4 ℄ P N 
) 1,- L*8 i yr~ N Z =_ E[ 3 ` fo z N b   }  F EL ZwD  COh) z 6 b) 3 '|
A 
℄  H E  I NaÆ  Lu L uH  I ) ~)^ iL x
W T I =^ i&  E6 b  }) L Z 4 
^iL'I > } /- ;$ 0L g E K - V3 o 5  r~ L = 
`Æ i W=  o 5=  ?QC℄,U  l + I fKKQ N
}`}Fs =  C L -[3 b -  ) } ( ^ LT oZ iN 0 L 
`  }ZZ L g E K - ^ i  =T oTt  OL  C℄ 
b  }`}

[j

iii 

d 2V3 o 5= F =&PL V i :  ?Q _ ~ As I  }
/- ;$r~ L /~) L  }I) k  } /- ;$:6 b  |JÆ TLZ 4
{ yZ*Æ. {* LT o L n, E-   } '| I 'x{ LT
o^i`~)0` WL  _ Qb T JEN # [ DL `I n  T iL  }`}  Li Pk ?4hFL  }Xke ~ . 
f 
GI*:O V ~r H * ` + Q [ D p  ^ i CzQ   k qO
i x } y_y$0[ D ?Qg  E HL s   ^ i t{T ;J ^ iW
(ek0 z  ) 
!q  ^ iT Z i ` ` h 0 5 5= Y, L ` h 0 5 5p)
^ d k: [ 3 ) T  f W  z = z 5 5 Cz k ?qh ; ^ i x J
y 

Y4` 
OO e℄ Q&TH

' 
&D . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . i
Z 1 { b -   } ls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
§1 b - FÆ: -ls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1
Zb -  ls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 
b - : -Li P T o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
x-   } LE }F`} Li P T o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
§2 -   } Ly  Ci\4C i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
Zb  } Ly CHC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 
 T - iL  }`}  FÆ s =  CHC . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
xb  } Lz - 8 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
§3 -   } ( ^ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29
Z-   } A( ^ ls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 
b -  ) } A( ^ Li P T o . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
§4 -   }b& . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
§5  }r v 0X5: - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Z }r v : - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 
 }X5: - . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Z 2 {  }r L S005 7= 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
§1 ;   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
Zr L ;   ℄^ | vL O !E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 
;  r~S005 7= 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38
§2  } . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45
Z } ℄^ | vL !E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 
 }r~S005 7= 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .47
§3 }P  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .104
Z}P L 9^ T o0 ? . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 
r~}P   ℄^ | vL !E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113

yJ

v

Z 3 { -   } 0 S005 7= 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118
§1  }  F  }  X5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118

ZbP . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 118 
 ;    2  }  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119
§2 ;  X5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120
Z; L  0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 
;  .OX5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121
§3 b K ; 7 0} U r L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .121
ZT Lb\oH Lls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 
b K ; 7L r L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 127
xb} U o L r L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 131
§4  }X5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135
Z } L r L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 135 
 }X5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
§5 SB|80  } ( . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137
ZSB|8 LEL . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 137 
SB|8 L  0- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
§6 t}0} . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138
Zt} . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 138 
} . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 142
§7 }.O A 0X5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Z}.O A . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 
}T }.OX5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
§8 n[8 m 0n[X5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148
Zn[8 m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 148 
n[X5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 149
Z 4 { -   }`5 7 0 = 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
§1  }` ls . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
Z`~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150 
 }Qb L   C E  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 150
x }` Ly ℄e . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 154 
` E  L=) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 155
§2 y C ℄ -  }+ o -L L 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 156

vi

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Z } . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .156 
`} . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .157
x}F& . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 161 
}`}r:  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 162
§3 b  }` L- 0b& . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163
Z`b& . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 163 
` E gF` 3 u . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 165
x }` L 5 f . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166
§4 P 2 ` . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .166
ZP 2 `> #L A~ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 166 
P 2 ` L- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
x   }   s q L O !E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 167
§5 ;  .O`0 = 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
Z;  .O` L A~ = 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168 
;  ` L- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 168
x;  Qb T  s q L O !E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 170
§6  }.O`0 = 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171
Z }.O` L A~ = 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 171 
 }.O` L- . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172
x }Qb T  s q L O !E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 174
§7 N  };$ L n  Lu . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175
Zg E h"0q8 m . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 175 
 } L r L . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
x }Qb L  0 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176 
t} . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 176
,}0 i } . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
e  U - ` . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 177
_ E . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 182
fo 1 %T - iL  }`}  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .186
fo 2 %b  g E-   }`}H  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 195
fo 3 %b  g E 51  }`}H  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 211
fo 4 %}F&i} - bC i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 222
fo 5 %b  g E }`}+ o ` - H  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 230

yJ

vii

fo 6 %0 ' p i P" 9 - b -   }`}: - H  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 234
fo 7 % l b -   }`}: - H  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 244
fo 8 % 4 b  g E }`}: - C i . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 254

t 1 l &ZX&nGl 
z UBZ+V}+Vw^8 1h℄℄.
§1

%YW%O70}k

I%YW%k 
b - K℄eb  \?  &DN   0 F Q -   X
1  LhSC ( S q }Cb  y_b   b V i n> ~L OQb
( E6L6 SQb)  
b -   C4C L &n 
I%YW%n~u
1. 3 vb- U*S q vy 3 vX L 
2. W 5b b W-  J YNP"-L 
3. w V0 ' p %.$ p  i d} b b AY Ff p
2Qw V(Æ: G- %: GL )\"d} 2YQw Vp I w V{[)
V
4. b& F E & 3)V: &v\W"  C4C
5.  &b` + b  4C E L\-# 4 s  ^ _
b L & 
%YW%8Y
elZ b L-  t K  hJx Qb%
f 1.1
7 %Z 0 ' p b - Qb

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

2

f 1.2 

NO*%Yj[lb
℄e 0 ' p b - zG i }Æ =L0 ' p b )q 3F =
gbqJ%
(1) = gb%K&qj - tt"N2 v 68 B) ` jd}  
p ; W)` 1W)1 Wx  Q vz Q 
(2) = b%9b.$b' ) b bgW) b}O 
bb bY Ff b i bb Ab 10 = 
(3) 7 b℄e = bn>   m %n (K mi n) in
(4) = b℄e i= bW L= gb QK >   m %nin
(5) = gb℄eC iL  i g m = nin
(6) = b iTL {= gb iTL E I \o L 9 
s%YeZO7j[lb 
bio= b`  b - hKn[oib. l io Q
q 3
(1) b - hKo=- hKn[ T N iL hK h 5 ^b -  L O
; K  b 5 "_^b 5 " ; v" ;V 4 ti8
(2) b. o= ℄e - hKn[N iL b  \ -? 3 v? L _ 
2Ob  . 
(3) bl o, = brG W n, br. K  K - hK -- [
qg L b. o  
s qLh i :  A -  l ; i  & Æ R D5 H P .

: R { VCÆ'
1

3

nÆ W D - Qi -  ^ TAb l ; i ) ` l v  
b  }`}ib. L ℄e 
dP%5 
b  
, = bt =` J & F b ? YQrG W. k ? v
L k 2 L z = i  
\  
n[
i 6 b
Q 
LhA
i  & Æ R D5 H P .nÆ W D - Qi -  ^
TA
i ) Li 
L ℄e 
%YW%0}nF)K 
IW%9G oPO GC
1 b - hK 
1 - hKMZM MixM%0 ' p b l bS l 
by 0_ G b 4  b bb> bR D bP" b 
2- hKMZMi  M%Æ 1 b 
3- hKZM MixM%Yb; b / } b
2 b -  w VhK 
1 w VhKZ xMb ) %W 909bj 1- b p} 
}Ob pA *bD V + p bu .$b{ $ p 1bp 2 
- b2Y Nb8 o b ℄ X/ } b; b X/ } b
S0<|b pNW ÆbNbb bb b ll) 
b ll 9bS lb 3bS lb Æby 0S3b_ G b
Y_ p b p 19 - b8 o .$ L )0/ } b 4 
b X/ } bp R bR2 b + 9b$ r b. b
X/ } bÆ 1   X: G / } b: G b 
2w VhK  MixMb ) %;D ~ ) ` j) ` j; L $ p
2 b; > b%) ` j; L $ 
3w VhKZM Mb ) %b A/ } bf  $  Y p/ F 
b$ G bS l Hp F b;BB G b;B  :Fiz g v b C℄
b;BESn _by }   X/ } bY_  X/ } bgbi N 
bR D ; b X/ } b 
4 l Yb w VhK%Y/O - YC℄br
C℄b
W; C℄biYr
W; nC℄b 5 )  = M 
5  Y: L b% =Q M

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

4 

W%0};2O)K
1 # >P%%o> Fb Q -   X
2 : - g%- hKn[: - 
3 : -- %6 g E K -d k L T LL T- V L : -8? ` ?
qJ%

g E : -8? qJ%

f 1.3

f 1.4 

- : -T o 
1KY: - %- f; br. _^: - "3P Q  
2 # >: - %b? } \ %o> \  Q \ - ; \ $ s
4

: R { VCÆ'
1

5 

j\ Q  
3Sq:- %- fb  \x-  0   \2 +w-  0 
\w g -  - 5S q  UQ  
4QK : - %b QK \ = g= i 7 b QK G W ^ o &
"^ o ebG W ^ oQ  
5/Op2 : - %/Op 22  - 5/Op 2- : - /OS q 
U /Oz5^ oQ 
NW%mFn&FOFbnF)K 
IW%mFn&F
,lZhPon - -  - 5: -6> , L hK - V2 w VhK 
V 
W%FbnF)K
Z A y L `}K  %`}PoF; i -  0 \2 -  - 5i 
Vg E K - 4 QQ 
1 `}Po L-? F T o
= n 7 oi Q7 o I[ ) J[ F K  `} i Po Fb;
iQ  Q 
2 -  0 \ Li P T o
Kbl -  m-  - 5 L ,l-  = - b&g E : -? F %o>L  0 b? } \ Qi P -  - i PS q 0: -"-Q
K /Op 2  0- 
N &"- iU* -  "-Qfob? }
\  f-  ) fi -  - - S q"-T F EL fq 8 B (
Yf Y p - fd}- f Q
3 Vg E K - 4 Q
℄e} L PBCVg E K -  Q&0 K  \ L "3P  
Vg E K - VA &0  Q mP L n[{x iQ 
§2

W%mFn2<(/2w

mFwN% } I } YQ  }  2`}L i zPNL`} & 
} ℄e  } T C iL } T o`})zPN } " b `}

6

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

L `} z T }Y *i h f PN L Z [-E + o 
sN % S b , hKmZ  [3P  $
r[M$<Dbj9mZ#GOMge,> 
r[r$OMH<h-bj9mZKp hp<NmIRBh $ 
1SnfGTh ' 
2/JaOMbge OMbJahpKMw 
r[$OMK? H <-bj P  yOM K p  Z K nD h 
|~ ,/h U~P OMK?
r[H$geHaOMbZpOMKp 

I%YmFn2"
T L  }`} y CHCKW 1  %1Lh  }`} y (2L3L
A L Q 7 (3& 5 H P -"V A L }Q 7 H  (4   nC{
F "i :A L   C{ 
IAH ,<4mFF1999 ℄ 8 Q 30 kOL -/ + &Y
Q
uQ
>fUBiBzF,bE"ru%'"RUBzF* V1
U^KZT>,f8x{0 1^N 
4`mFF
`* T ;\ 2007 ℄W (A 7  
NV{$ Hh1 nmFF: 
L%
1 TH P b  g E } (
iC 8 }C i2001 ℄ 12 Q 6 k
2 TH P }`}Q 72002 ℄ 9 Q 6 k
3 TH P  b  }`}r v : - C i2003 ℄ 3 Q 29 k
4  & b  g E }`}: - u q C i2001 ℄ 3 Q 2 k
5  &℄+  g E }`}<5H 2003 ℄ 1 Q 29 k
6  & Lh`b  g E }`}Q 72003 ℄ 9 Q 25 k
7  &  b  }`}: - H 2003 ℄ 4 Q 22 k
8 I d& }`}Q 72002 ℄ 9 Q 29 k
9 A m&0 ' p bi P" 9 - b -   }} i }H  U 

: R { VCÆ'
1

7 

2002 ℄ 4 Q 24 k
10 S & }`}: - H 2001 ℄ 8 Q 4 k
11 S &  bg E-   }`}: - H 2002 ℄ 4 Q 18 k
12   &  b  }`}: - Q 72001 ℄ 12 Q 28 k
13 ~8 & }`}: - H 2001 ℄ 1 Q 5 k
Æ. & 5 H P +v  L b -   }`}Q 7 iH Q  
s O>2k
1 
}F&i} - bC i  
-}eVl'REZNg0u-}eVl'RET^ 0u}
eVl'RE2sQ}eVl'REb.Q}eVl'RE8fQ}eVl
'REH ftQR}eVl'RE-"Q 12 P>
2 
}F&i} w h Æ : - bH   
-}eVl'REZNg0u}eVl'RE2sQ}eVl'R
Eb.Q}eVl'RE8fQ}eVl'REH ftQ}eVl'RE
-"QR}ElM# 29 P>
3 
b  g E-   }`}H   
-}eVl'REZNg0u}eVl'RE2sQ}eVl'R
Eb.Q}eVl'RE8fQ}eVl'REH ftQ}eVl'RE
-"QR}ElM# 30 P>
4 
b  g E v8  \  }`}H   
}eVl'REZN 0u}eVl'RE2sQ}eVl'RE
b.Q}eVl'RE8fQ}eVl'REH ftQ}eVl'RE"Q}ElM# RE=J>># 2 P>
5 
b  g E 51  }`}H   
}eVl'REZN 0u}eVl'RE2sQ}eVl'RE
b.Q}eVl'RE8fQ}eVl'REH ftQ}eVl'RE"Q}ElM# RE=J>># 27 P>
........... Q  
O2k
1 
b  g E } (
iC 8 }C i 2000  5 9 1 [-}eVl
'REZNg0u 3 P>

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

8 

 }  bH  2000  7 9 1 [-}eVl'REZNg 
0u 4 P>
3 
b  g E Æ  } U H  2000  7 9 1 [-}eVl'RE
ZNg0u 5 P>
4 
Lh\4&?Z?W T - iL  }`}  L Y * \ " , 
20011400 dA T - iL  w\ F&, 2001 ℄ 7 Q 27 k
5 
0 ' p i P" 9 - b -   }`}: - H  }eVl'RE
2sQ 89 P>,2001  6 9 1 [
6 
p b -   KhK\o: - H  }eVl'RE2sQ,2001 
11 9 5 [
7 
p b  \  }`}: - H  }eVl'RE2sQ 82 P>,2000 
10 9 18 [
8 
4 b  g E }`}: - C i }eVl'RE-"Q9 14 P
>, 2001 
9 
Y  g E }`}: - bC i }eVl'REH ftQ9 2
P>, 2000  9 9 22 [
10  
l b -   }`}: - H  }eVl'RE8fQ 2002  2 P
>, 2002  6 9 6 [
11  
l b -   }}F&})En}eVl'RE8fQ,
2003  3 9 11 [
12  
'0 l b`}i - V Q PB}eVl'RE8fQ, 2002 
11 9 25 [
13  
Lh?\  E  }`}: - bC i }eVl'REz_%
Q, 2002  5 9 28 [
Æ.\4 L   C{ Q  
2O(/3 Sb j 
} T D ELy  CF  : - C i  hYQ  OqE ÆF L 
V i :  z?5R ;=  %
T - iL  %http://www.cin.gov.cn
T - iLY%http://www.moc.gov.cn
T - iLS G %http://www.chinamor.cn.net
2

: R { VCÆ'

9

1

T - iL 4 %http://www.mwr.gov.cn
D L }`}  CF & }`}Q 7 : - H Q p  h T iL  w k F& i : L
T L$&0  }  52 E Æ ; %
http://www.chinabidding.com.cn

&P6-L  b  h52 Ei  " D5\ L b  : - C i  
AH ,<4mFFO70}2" 
T - iL  }`}   \ 6 {68 Q\ Ls =  Cp `  pJ
L EÆ0 #  h T - iL  }`}   i ZT L  }`} L
y C?0?Z N 0 T L L }`} y CHC 
I h 
T - iL  }`}  n = 7 Q℄  C iN }`} LE
L L  ( 
 bm!?  } L(
0C 8  } L AnhF  }`} L
r v : -QT o
Z QC iNyLL  ( 
K A P` T - iLN T ?  }`}+
o : I b51 IQ 3q bR $&rD1V: - } Q A P$  } 
? U iQ 3 L L ^ y 
Z xQC iN , L } L g E K T - iLN TL  bg E6- 
yCiL , L }g E) [ 3   bm!  } L(
iC 8 )z N C i %
}eVl'REW MN)3z2s8x+
8xtbs $
~ !z2s41rs3S241V+:WMNUB%
1 !L s ' t44&ru%"%L18x(
2 LQ~[QuEKi~[E℄18x(
3 E(j~[xEd$. K18x
/  " ` s(
TL bg Et m!$  } -? U i bhK 
4&b  g EL } (
iC 8 ℄eL3L _ LA T - iL 
w\ F&b  g E } (
iC 8 }C i 3 d ` 2000 ℄ 5 Q 1
k   T - iL  }`}  T b  g E } L(
0C 8 'z

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

10

N  0 U L C i = z%

4&ru%'"%L1 s 8x1f+
%
(1) _R_R1>(F3438x(
(2) bG%G7.-<M~ )H8f<!t48f<!8x(
(3) d>HfHH }T4>f 8x(
(4) mZ:  $-Op|-q,~-"4-"8
1.

x(

.G<-8bRA8f- q Æ Æ8)7%
'eqh4ws 8x(
(6) zNkW,b8x(
(7) )H s 8x
2. 4&ru%'"%L1% t8x1f+
%
(1) $-$>$1$U4dz8x(
(2) z<' h48x(
(3) ℄'K48x(
(4) zru"48x(
(5) lL+
Tk(
(6) )H% t8x
3. EKi8x1f+
%
(1) ÆUd+>K18x(
(2) }`Ud71dQ82sK18x(
(3) E-t t' 
KH?Efi[ yK1
8x
4. E℄8x1f+
%
(1) EZNMMGK18x(
(2) ESxG~[&,GK18x(
(3) Ed\Q$18x(
(4) EKi
℄℄18x(
(5) EXX1℄8x
5. E(j~[xEdK18x1f+
%
(1)  F
NesZ
N4E(j$K18x(
(2) xEd )*$K18x(
(3) E(j~[xEd. K18x
(5)

: R { VCÆ'
1

11

Amj 1-5 >Cf 1z2s8x+
8x1tbs 
$~ !z2s41rs3S241V+H-)3Biu1:
WMNUB% 
1 '8Ug->!A 200 |,Vl7~m1( 
2rs3S241V+'8Ug->!A 100 |,Vl7~m
1( 
3tbs$41V+'8Ug->!A 50 |,Vl7~m
1( 
4'8Ug->!591238>C1B)8x#iVA
3000 |,Vl7~m1
2s8x1tbsVXC"~[%1~[)2Æ%FL 
X rE1{~NMNUB):WT8x
7Q  
b  g E } (
iC 8 }C i 3 d `Z/ Q T [ 3 C i
| 
|Fm(VldgC{~>C58F:WMNUB1h℄f
R>pB)N/D=5>CPC1:WMNUB1f
W ` Lk gHEÆ L(
FC 83  xr = | v }F`}_^PÆ
( 
C 8 )X}  
s ℄  m!?  } L g E  T - iL  }`}  Z Z{ Z
QC i %
XT'
RVN/4w^:WMNUB18xhb:~[~)IXTi

>;UB
Z ,QC iN }`} L An%

t  if 6  s q 0L
An0}F&i} - bC i 12 d`ZxQT }An 
 
-l L D 
T - iL }`}  Z Q }`}+oLrv :-)zNC i %
UBiBzF )* VÆ*?w^ 1$K4Nd$KQ w^S
UBiBzF $Kw^aÆUBiBzF}1^NSUBiBzF1
Nd$K 4Q 1h℄lKguE7>C 
ZQ 6 b  ^ I  "i :  }`}+ o ?r vLy ℄e 
4&L3L4 6- }`}+ o  " r vL3 k =  L qLH

12

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

[2000]34 d2000 ℄ 5 Q 3 kT  V i :  }`} L r v3 k? 
N E H= %
a T - iL  w k F&A T - iL  w\ F&d k
{ f =C OL  }`})F " , Lk  Lh ℄+  g E }`}Qb?
r v z5
b  }`}Qb L r v : - 1  S 3 k = =  V i : d k
b- `1  An  bV i : L r v3 k % 
AH ,<4dPO%0 ' p i P" 9 - b )0 ' p FÆ f
o- s =Z l : G  X/ } bF QT v } bi℄ PGl  Y 
i [` > D V % -  7 - 2 uW J F fo-L j : G  X/ } b 
AH ,<4mO%S l bS ll 9l H/ F $ G pZF s = 
- b 
AH ,<4gO% l iWb l  l / F  l $ G F0 .
\4L/O - 2 u - r 
- Y - } Æ - Q 3 - : -Q  lfo-L  k  0/ } bi y _}FW s = - b 
AH ,<4o O% 4 b2 ui& > o  >b 
7h R- HN Q  4 b
i q T [ 3 C iN ? ; b X$&g E Y[Lb  }  3Av
K  d k   A   tH w h vQ 
}`} Z 7{ Z Z; / Q  }`}+ oT zS L  E  L 5  )
zNCi % 

lNd7Q R)H4Nd
7Q A1lKf wX^N
Nd^>1>CS"Ug IE"ru%'"1^NG$K
Æ(*xg+1w^\K GX
Ze QC i ℄  m!?  } L g E Æ  }`}+ o  bW D2  L X
L el 7 i  J   X L 2 i p^ W D^C℄hv L 2 Æ.
0 'j`} J hel -?7q }`}+ o  
L3LHT4&?ZC ( }`}+ oL u q qLH  [2004]56
dT ?ZPB%

: R { VCÆ'
1

13

%m℄ NtCQR8FyFNN/yC1yQa/'~[ )H8
F)H&hiBVM`58F5&hh(I<r^1iBX{{mf
^34\(Nr~}/58F5&h684*QrE/ Bu~[}
Ba/(N/rA iBV}B^u+Quz58F5&h1}+l$
Æl......
[ 3 i q T C i % 
4Nd$KQ N/d^N>CsCxQ34sUiB1N
dX{ 8(|Ts&1uNI<
i q T [ 37 a N , )= '  }`}+ oT ` L = ℄   C!E% 
1u?Q R8idUBiB^NNtCQ8FyF( 
2n*8xt
U;UBV UBNX^CzZsB BRCB( 
31iBVfiB~V/ R)HN *PI}BA}B^
i+R^u+( 
44Nd$KQ S^NaÆN(( 
5u?dQ R<,Qm?~r^+UiBzF 
T^   0 ?Z?W 7   }`} L mP 
mF 
T - iL  }`}   } = \ 17 QCiNg E Cz } ? L  } LLv  } /- ;$ L QFg i  } LT o } 
LT oF4PB Q 
Æ TZ Q  } )z Ni s:
UBVw^ZUB8xMNUB1^V~[)H(j
Z YQC iN } L 'CQK8fK 6 fKy_ N \4 vY )
Z/ QC i } = t  }iL  }Z/ ZQn 0 U N $L  } Lv 
b  g E-   }`}H  30 d ` Z/ ZQ  )z N ?Z L
Ci %
s\I E7ZNgQ PC1E<2s8xR||F
m(VldPC18i<2s8x~ LQEKi~[E
KiO 0~[
,8
1z2s8xÆ*%sUB()3CMiu1

14

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

T{~MNqDUB%
(1) 8x%=~X rEsn07AiBV{$^H1(
(2) R8%kW1y1(
(3) q ELEgh~[;-_>{UB)N{%sUB1(
(4) %sUB1t!8x1!p36Np/1(
(5) ^N^>>CN{%sUB1
E<2s8x1qDUBÆ*TE7ZNgQ (8i<2
s8x1qDUBÆ*T||Fm(Vld
LQEKi~[EKiO 0~[
,8
1HUrx1 
z2s8x1qDUBÆ*T8xxQ )8xxQ sx&8
14Nd$KQ  
}`} Z/e QC i $t  } 3  = `Lh =i H    }
 hF  } L 9^ T o4&  } L   HA T - iL  w\ 
F& 4 d `  }  bH  FLh\4& =i ℄  m! 
}g E } L H L Y * T  Lh =i }    H? N C i = 
%
}E[-}ET,-}E2s-R}EV+!UB}
[ 3 C i Lb  }g E m!` T LkP 
4&  }  0`}L iL 9^ T ob  g E-   }`}H   
30 d `Z/ Q)z N ?ZC i PB  }  2 `}L i  =F \
0 J ST o%
(1)  } L2 [i W; (
(2)  }g ELT oC 8 8  H(
(3)  }g EL6-W^ i
(
(4) 0H  }2 ;   LW^ i 3 v(
(5)  }2 ;   W H L; 
(6)  `} L  QQ M L PB 
}`} Z/ 7QC i }  0 (``} ?  5b 
g E-   }`}H  30 d `n  ;  F  5 LT o)z N
?ZC i Æ TZ/ 7QC i %
VI+x1UBVÆ*A+x /}?n+x1a/BR

: R { VCÆ'
1

15

i^(VI^x1UBVÆ*AUB /}?nSiBVrE1a/
BRi^
UBVN/ ?n1a/~[~`?n1a/S7AiBV~[
iBVMNxa
30 d `Z/ QC i % 
xaÆ
rxa7AiBV~[iBV{~U)3a/%
(1) hL&E&Ug1K"(
(2) hLNUg1(+ 
t%R(Ks3R)H{
s 7(TmH(R3Æ1tV0(
(3) `Æ4G>etiB4I<Uf4?7HD#fN(
(4) A*Oe `I}BRf8 !z{0[(
(5) ^NNd^>>C1)Ha/ 
xaUBVN/~NU1a/1y 7AiBV~[iBV
N/S7AiBV~[iBVN*%&XT'
RVN/~NdP~[
)HNUi
1yiBV1*0 
}`} Z/ YQ  } LT o? N C i. ~ Wi :  Æ I
  "i :  r LLA( ^ T o':b  g E-   }`}H 
30 d `Z/ Qn?Z  Æ9^ T o? N C i %
UBVg UB8x1X<RUr=yUB /UB /u"+
)3
^%
(1) iBqD"(
(2) iBVWh(
(3) Ug
ra(
(4) iB /
(
(5) Vz0B'UB1Æ*Z$z0B'(
(6) %a(
(7) snu(
(8) BBRi^(
(9) iB S2
UBVÆ*AUB /}>C{QrERa/HPx1i
Bn 
0L6Q PBiQ I= ``}Qb T U# x : LT o[ 3 30 d

16

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

`Z/e Q  } TL S q Q? N C i %

s\ UB />C18%BÆ~UE:yQB
UB /}>C18%BoN/rE~BntuXC1"lBo
vs-f8~zf$Æ[N/JA:~[ 7AiBV1)H ^_
G:W tuzf$Æ[1%BTP~B
81nUB8x1%B 
IÆ*AXX^jm
~3* 1 p 
}`} Z/ QC i %UBVN/:HVlF|}IUB /17Ai
BV1ov*0~ {7%Za14UBiB1)HC 
ZQ`y) L C T ?Z L , f FEÆ: ` 6 b  } 6  T7  L
abq` ` } 3 `} `[Z}  % 0 SB|8 3 ℄ 
4 'jL -7  2 [F F`" W `} 3 `[Z}  N~" W
℄`} % QQ p $y ZQC i `b  g E }`}H  30
d `Z x / Q T  W , f %
UBVN/'L~[uE(jXTuiBVMN.hKt
4&`hK -   } TL b)o Q 0  XT - iL  
D  nA Lb  g E 51  }`}H  27 d `TLZ ,QC i %
s z2s8xUBiBzFw^UBVG 
z2s8xUBVS8xN#}+UB+
A#}+f 1 
-E>C>pB1Æ*z2s8xUBVw^(jUB 
z2s8xUBVS8xN#}+UB~B-!M
+
A#}+f 
1-E>C>pB1Æ*#}+}BVRz2s8xUBV
'gw^(jUB,i* V1z-RGX}&Ug8C 
z2s8xUBV~[#}+}BV{uw^I/{1UB#*}
'UB#tUB#tNdq,!UB#tÆ*U
BVg(UBVUB#*RiBV=8C1)8C 
ZwSqC _ X L 51$&K  h51$& : K  / }L 51$&
℄eb  g E 51  }`}H  27 d `) Z x / ZQC i  h = _ I
%  ?
sN\I S^SPC)%>1UBV{~V/APUB
zZ

: R { VCÆ'
1

17

A9uAPUBV{~+rE7AiBVZ8%25'gn1 
%>{0R)IXQUBV{~!iBVa)21 ^MNlRVR 
xuhu1%>^=yUB /
A9YAPUBVÆ*:9uAPZ81%21iBVZ$+Jhu
%>1
UB /iBVg
UB /1rEZ8+
!A 1*^
iB / 
}`}  `} 3 v L C i % } `F `}( ?  & 20 k
}d; k z 3 v``}( ?3 v' 15 ky_ 
& p b  \  }T - iL   82 d ` p b  \  }
`}:-HÆT?ZC i %MiZM p b & 45 k(MhJ p 
b & 30 k(? l^ \  } L  & 20 k
30 d `b  g E-   }`}H  i 2 d `b  g E v8  \ 
}`}H  t ;  i  } L z 3 v)z N ?ZC i %
& 5 )k
6 b  } 6 Qb T h y CQC i7  L aP "V r
: Ls q 
N F 
T - iL  }`}  `} = 9 Q℄  `} FÆ`}
)z N C i 
Æ TZ/ ,Q  `} L n A ? N 2 i = z%
iBV7ÆUBXiBZa1^V~[)H(j
w^UB1zg8x;XVXiB1iB1V5^4iBV1
>C 
b  g E-   }`}H  30 d ``  9  n  `} LA
?N?ZC i hN & #  }`} 
t  L AnÆ Z x / ,
QC i %
iBV7ÆUBXiBZa1^V~[)H(jUBV1XTNhL
&^V1 $* ('
)~[UB8x16'3~[$/Z$s 
`1XT^V )XT $* ('
)JX UB8x1iB 
b g E 51  }`}H  27 d`'j51Fh51$& i 

18

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

- / } TLw gb  } L `} ? N C i Æ TZ x / QC i %

sN\ iBV7ÆUBXiBZa1^V~[)H(j
^C#DVguV1/ /~m^Vu%4L%4 ) 0
%4JN/AguUB}giB
uyFlSgu guLP1Luu#lXiB{I
Æ/sBÆ 
T - iL  }`}  Z/ QC i `}  = 1  } L P
Br L `}`}  }Cz L6Q PBiQ)z  
}3ÆJw76Q    }PB L `} i 9 }C Ny ℄eZx / Q
C i `} ``} 3  hÆ 7i H7 4)? = K 
T - iL  }`}  T 4&`}N & 8 0 UC i : ℄eLb
Y'  y)  Cq 30 d ` 2 d ` 27 d ` i T - iL   89 d `
Q gHC{ T t `}N & 8)z N C i q 30 d `Z x / QZ / QC i

UBV{~AUB /}rEiBVZ8iB,fK 
iBVNUB
/rEZ8iB,fK1 iB /44fn/sBÆ

AZ8iB /Br&^-UB />C1iB>'r6......iB
VrriB /1)iB,fK44` 
00 UC iN `}N & 8  } W H`  } q N } /- ;$ 3 
- `q{x T ?Z 0 U`}N & 8 W hF` WN `} L `}N &
8ypJ -QE d 
T - iL  }`}  Z x / x / xQ  `} ? N C i %
sN\ iBVN/3 fiB-!N/ )HiBV1%Za
CIUBV~[)HiBV1U^K
iBVN/!UBVfiBCIE"ru%'"~[HV1U^
K
NriBV~:UBV~[ B0ux0Nt1PsI}B
sN\N iBVN/~5x51-!ZBsN/~HVoiB~[
~)Hi 
V/ I}B
4&`}   `b  g E-   }`}H  30 d `T )z
N gHC i Æ TZ /e QC i J S  p o `} Y`}Po%

: R { VCÆ'
1

19

iBVi&3 8CL~d5iB-!(
(2) iBVi&3 8CAUB8x}uE~}5!
-!(
(3) iBVi&+MN QZ! C}BVR^XiB(
(4) iBVi&)HfiB-!1N
[ 3Z / QC i J S  p o } 0`} Y`}%
(1) UBVAsB6s.iB /H4iBCh)HiBV~[
iBVrmiB / -!(
(2) UBV:iBVEFB7(
(3) UBV!iBVlCiBd5~LB!}B^iBV~UB
VVxMk(
(4) UBV++ C}BV(
(5) )HfiBN 
b g E-   }`}H  30 d`Z / 7Q  YD L
2~ 
? N 2 i = z%
iBVN/~HVoiB
6Gv~HVoiBqiBV3y)H ' 
~)H'
fH
T~%G1i
}I~{f"~[)H'
)^C#DVA=y
1iB /m QR4 4N
!Y) C iL q;}: ` 6 b) T YF2~ LE6 g i i
5 I Z /=PLE > 
s uF3F<F 
T - iL  }`}  t}}i T } = 15 Q℄t} 3
vW^ ik t}b&}F& L  F} w h L Q} w h
>#-? } L }Tob&F T }QT }Y *i FÆ y uT }.
OX5F T } L ke0s3 QT o
1 t}
Z x / QC iN `}( ?3 v^ I t} 3 vt} W^  } T ;LU
iLW^ Z x / ,QC iN t}  } i kL`} 'jZ x /e QC
iN t}b&i T o[ 3 C i ``}( ?3 v' WEL `} t  ==a -h
< D * z 
(1)

20

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

b  g E-   }`}H  30 d `ib  g E v8  \ 
}`}H  2 d ` T `} L " b 0t}Qb TW zS L Sl?Z
)z N C i q 30 d `Z , / QC i %
iB /)3CMiu1UBVN%
(1) '91~[9qC8<1(
(2) UB /rEhy1
iB /)3CMiu1 B0ux^sBÆ%
(1) ' 
QH^C#DV~^C#DVK1#V4 ~Q1(
(2) >C1
`B ^NL~4. pa^AY1(
(3) iBV;8/x~Ux ^Ng1iB /~AuxiB /}Sgu
UB8x-/~U-!?yn{u>UB />CZ83^i
Bi1 x(
(4) iBVov~(jD*!+xNuw1(
(5) UB /rEZ8iB,fK1(
(6) *U℄iB *U℄i'giB1
2 } 
T - iL  }`}  Z x / QC i
BUBVw^(21
B0uG Z x / 7QC i
XT'
RVN/r^+7 B1Hz
RDG }F&i} - bC i 12 d `Z QC i
B0u
w^(2G BzF:UBVr+}B℄^V~[gUBV1Km?P
C}BV  
T - iL  }`}  Z / Q  }F&$ L }}i -
? N C i %
B0uÆ*XUB /PC1 BBRi^SiB /MN xR
6=(sB71Æ*XxB7 B0u{x B^Æ*:UBVZ"
j B-Hr+U1}B℄^V
UBVg B0uZ1"j B-Rr+1}B℄^VPC}BV
UBVs{~K B0um?PC}BV
E7SXCUB8x1 BXE>C1)>C 
}F&i} - bC i (12 d `) Z/ QC i

B0uÆ*gUB /}>C1 BBRi^SiB /MN&

: R { VCÆ'
1

21

h8 xR6=UB /}`>C1BRi^N// B1wg 
s qb  g E-   }`}H  (30 d `) T Ze/ Q!Y =L
I } 0 T } % kL n[6 b  ZQ T }Q)z N ?Zr`
} 0 Qb T h s q
s\s Ug}PC12s>p2sB2s ^Ug!Æ*
yA1Ps > /f (PUo>Cf1Æ*A}BUg4
E6--8xxQ xag Æ-TxaW-1APs >A
b-8xxQ uNN}Y
3 } UL ) 
T - iL }`}  Z/ Q Z C i
UBVsB71B
7:W,h 97a>C
sB71Æ*XxB7  
}F&i} - bC i Z/e Q Z C i
 }  } UL 
} U  = N %  `} 3 ) '|  
b g E-   }`}: - H  Z x / QC i
% B7UBVN
=y~u}H*=yuzs=yuB7 Z , / ,QC i
UBV
sB71B7A BÆ*/Xx)N// B1uwg  
0 ' p 0 P" 9 - b -   }`}: - H  Z/ ZQC i
U
BVsB71Æ*wgE>C1z0>>I UB />C1!i^
RrE=yB7HAsB6,huUBzs=yuB7  
0 ' p 0 P" 9 - b -   }`}: - H  Z / xQC i % 
)3CMiu1 B0u{~rEiBV/"j1nHZ$34S
2% 
1sB71iB-!5B7U}N1( 
2NsB71iB-!n,5)HiB-!{5)-tx51
T B0uRfYC iBV1-!5)-tx51Nr+}B
℄^V~}BV
4 
}F&i} - bC i 12 d ` =T o4 
}F&i} - bC i T _EC iN }F& L _F w h
Q} L b&i -QT oI6 b 0 }) L℄ P  C }Qb L

22

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

0 F W zS L ) !EF0lH  )z N ℄ZC i L &,})
7 qÆ / ZQ  `} IIS &Æ_^Po L   b&? N C i %
A BHz} B0uZ.iBV1-!n,5)HiB-!~[As 
B7n,5B7/)iB-!{5)Ex51Æ*rE iB
V/"j1nHZ$34fnS2iBVNU1n~[NZ$34fn
S21 B0uYC iBV~5x5-!ZB)iBÆ/sBÆ
Z/ ,QC iN S9 }Q% 
1`XUB /rEZ$iB&,~[GZ$1iB&,4( 
2iB /`iBVK#D4 R%Q( 
3iB /?n1UB8x{x'1oHUB />C1'1( 
4n,N~U%>%B1rE( 
5iB /?n1+i 
'mBRi^4N~UUB /1r
E( 
6iB / UBVN?1a/( 
7N~UUB /}>C1)H{QrE
Z/ Qn  KQ}F&x  u}x L >? N C
i%
B0ug5>C9Ya9Yua9YYa9Yea9
Ya1>C{mNUiB~[FCsB^>iBN&e/iB
n,N\Za1 B0u{~{mLQiB
iBVne~[GiB4{m1UBVÆ*w^FUB
Z/ 7Q - Z / xQ 
_E  L gHQb'  F}F&y
_L)? N C i Æ TZ / Q  }F&y_ L }P LT o)z N
Ci %
ss\ B0u{x B^Æ*:UBVZ"j B-Hp
94Nd$KQ  B-Æ*_?~) ^% 
u5CR*gD( 
Y B0ux0o'( 
esBI( 
7~UrE1iBuD( 
sBC1n(

: R { VCÆ'
1

23 

A BB Bi^~[ B:uD( 
(T x1!~[ u6=uD( 
T x1iBV Z( 
^r+1}B℄^Vo'!4EUg6rÆ1 {( 
|B1nM 8r
Z / xQn  }y z }F&_F  }.  |x 3L '  ?
NCi %
ss\N B- B0uL℄x04 S BDR~1
B0ux0{~"ji
g&)Ng-R B0ux0fnA B
-m4 ?Nu&)Ng-R1g BDR B0uÆ*S 
/"j1nHIA
Z / ,QC i }F&l~ LT }w,  = X i `Z F x  } 0i
S &Z /e QC iNT } L `} =O nJ S Q . Z% 
1,*!1NW&UB /}>C18"U !B( 
2,W&UB /1{QrEH?T x1iB!*5()iB
!5x51 x
Z / QC iN `U iT } . ' }  J 0`} ^`}o`}
- 5 Q6Q  T o?8 m [ 3Z / 7QC iN } U iT } L- % 
EKi~[E℄18xUBVÆ*PC o9u1}B℄^
V}BV o9u1}B℄^Vq2}BN{w(ZNLNUg~
[UB />CÆ*Z8L8,fKWA>C1'1 Z81UBV{~P
C o9Y1}B℄^V}BV
o9Y1}B℄^V6>C1gp-N4EUg1UBV{~P
C o9e1}B℄^V}BV
UBV{~K B0um?PC}BV
E7S}BV1PC=>C1)>C
i H T   }F&_F L C )z N C i 
4&U iT } b  g E-   }`}H  30 d ` TL C i 
12 d ` 2 d ` i 89 d ` [Æ TLZ , / 7QC i %
w^:WMNUB18xUBVÆ*PC o9u1}B℄^V}BV
o9u1}B℄^Vq2}BN{w(ZNLNUg~[UB />

24

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

CÆ*Z8L8,fKWA>C1'1 Z81UBV{~PC o9Y1
}B℄^V}BV
o9Y1}B℄^V6>C1gp-N4EUg1UBV{~P
C o9e1}B℄^V}BV
UBV{~K B0um?PC}BV
E7S}BV1PC=>C1)>C
s q0L Q I
℄  m!?  } L g E   I
; L8`
2 Lhm L g E  
b  g E-   }`}H  30 d `Ze/e QC i }  J5
" =i= K  
fJ 
T - iL  }`}  y ke = 15 Q℄CiN } C
o  } } i p(``}  } 2  } /- ;$k. j  = N %LT
o`} Y`}20  } Y`}`} h. 2 s`}}F&_
F" b `} $ m k. j }; } `}F&l~ LT }w,
vUiT} hF  } 1  }i T } L `}% k n[T} 
t n[s3 Q  $yL  )z L C i 
Ze/ ZQC iN  " L3LC iL 4 " r v   l i ^  f 
6-  "L ;4)zC iL |vZe/ Qi Ze/ xQ T $C i %
s\ XT' 
d5^>C1y~[ 58F5&h~x1^
V~[)H(jXiB1UBVqCUB#*1:yUBVuUB
#*'UB {1~[~)Hi 
qUBiBzF1G> (S'

m?G1
7V0R)Hm?GXV0w^UH!H1Æu
CC=1w^7Ærls 1Æu 
V"lKMN6^N1wX6>C\GX
s\N SUBiBzFw^Nd$KlG1E4/V023 
9lK~[z`l*xg+1w^\K GX(N*xg+1w
^NdÆu 
 $y C i fKy_ N })* NT } L Ze/ QC i

: R { VCÆ'
1

25

w^:WMNUB18xd5^>C}B>1Æ*wX5^>C1}
Ba/)iBV}FPC}BV~[wX5^FMNUB 
b  g E-   }`}H  (30 d `) T y C iL  ? N E
ÆirqÆ TZ / Q  } `   N }   z N `}L i 2 
z N ;   }y Y? } L  )z N E H C i Z / xQn  
} 2  } /- ;$ L C )z N ?Z 0A %
s6\N UBV~[UB#*)3CMiu14Nd$KQ
G>)1' gCC{Æe|,~)1[(CCf1UB>%
(1) AqC1aHZOUB%1(
(2) qDUBNw^ZiBqD"1(
(3) UB /~+x /i[,veri[rn/
[1(
(4) w^:WUB18xUB /s Zi[,vZ8iB /Bri
[rnY[1(
(5) Æ*%sUBWN%sUB1(
(6) Nh3UBa/WMNUB1(
(7) Æ*LNQ\WLN1(
(8) N8xxQ Q ^MNUB1(
(9) AZ8iB /Br&^?iB /1(
(10) iBV*0N~U^CrENFUB1
4YCUB>1Æ*FUB
[ 3Z / YQ  }Qb L C F  ? N EÆ0C i %
s6\p
BHz)3Ciu1 B>Æ*w^FMN
B~[FMNUB4Nd$KQ {Æe|,~)1[%
(u) UB /`PC1 BBRi^1(
(Y) BBRi^JA:~[ iBV1 ^n~[1yiBVi
&Za?7 BDG1(
(e) Æ*r;&X B0ux01VX! B1(
(7) B0u1(2 V0(xN~U^CrE1(
() B0u )x0A BHz}^N?7 BDG1

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

26 

h 
T - iL  }`}  f n = 4 Q `} ` L d  }
L g E hF ; Lb 0 2vL "V1 C n 8g EL }`}F y-  3
v? L C i 
Ze/ ,QC i `} ℄  ` L L 4 hF` b-   Ze/e QC i 
FLh/OLh #% -Q[Z2 o & 4  L| 8 6 h / 1P ; 
b-  Q  d >   h?  }
Ze/ QC i ` O n T - iL L & 4 u L 'CJ; Lb
0 2 vL "V1 C n 8 L g E ?  }1- 8C - }`}
L gHQib&[C iL  h L ÆC i 
Ze/ 7QC iy-  3 v 2000 ℄ 1 Q 1 k
y)  C  h  Q  rj T o2?ZEÆQ  
N%YmFnmA$5 
ISmarandachew\mF$5 
T - iL  }`}  Z / ZQC iNT }  =O n L Q
ss\I }BV1iBÆ*~U)3a/iu% 
u,*!1N8W&UB /}>C18"U !B( 
Y,W&UB /1{QrEH?T x1iB!*5()i
B!5x51 x 
* T L  }`} y C i J LT }Q I Z [ ~QÆ z - 8
IZ[Smarandache℄v 8 S`i sDn T = }B = }o(J =
S q }Q = V 6> FVA(X = g E : - ;$i Y = Æ/  }PBn
T =B

[

J

[

Q

[

X

[

Y

Z Smarandache ℄vZ W # i sZ Smarandache n- ℄vqJ
uSmarandache n- & PC n 
U A , A , · · · , A 1H
1

X

=

n
[

i=1

Ai

2

n

: R { VCÆ'

27

1

?b
U A moC1u>I ◦ / (A , ◦ ) uy8℄&\ n 
b*1 ≤ i ≤ n
S`n)L6QI `Dn T ℄-Z[J)Q LLYz ω(T ) % 
1ω(T ) I D5 F LB )Y z ( 
2` iL D5 F T ω(T )  ZZ B +9 ( 
3 lim ω(T ) = lim ω(T ) = 0. 
n) 6Q ^ I4  ω(T ) `D5 F T B +9L Z m `} J=
?  U i `} i & L Z [- 
KL S}o L6QI LU i Dn J, Q, X, Y TLuDn J , Q ,
X , Y hFLY z ω (J J ) ω (Q Q ) ω (X X ) i ω (Y Y )  h
i

i

B→−∞

i

i

B→+∞

0

0

0

1

0

2

0

3

0

4

0

0

B + ω1 (J J0 ) + ω2 (Q Q0 ) + ω3 (X X0 ) + ω4 (Y Y0 )

L+ r  U i `} i & L Z [- 0 LY z ω i ωi, 1 ≤ i ≤ 4  h I Z
Y z 2 7 ZY z  

E9mn|5 
&Z Z LSmarandache℄ v
X

=

n
[

Ai ,

i=1

#P h`  Dn
A i sLY z ω : (A ) → [0, +∞], 1 ≤ i ≤ n JE℄ v
P
L LY z ω( ) 0 ω(A ), 1 ≤ i ≤ n L 4C
i

i

i

ω(

X

) = R(ω(A1 ), ω(A2), · · · , ω(An )).

℄e R L) ;  qJ
1 ZY z R 
3 ` 7 > 1 L Z [= 0
n
X
i=1

;J

pi = 1, pi ≥ 0, 1 ≤ i ≤ n

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

28

ω(

7q

X

)=

n
X

pi ω(Ai ).

i=1

ω(T ) = 0.60ω(B) + 0.20ω(J) + 0.10ω(Q) + 0.05ω(X) + 0.05ω(Y )

^ I b}Qb T D L Z [ ZLY z 
2 7 ZY z R
z - T ` +KL7 ZY z 7 q
f (x1 , x2 , x3 ) = x31 + x21 x2 + x21 x3 + x22 x3 + x22 x1 + x23 x2 + x23 x1 + x1 x2 x3

i
g(x1 , x2 , x3 , x4 , x5 ) = x1 x2 x3 + x4 x25

tI x /z Y z ℄e ℄ = =TL Taylor wt ?
F (y) = F (x) +

n
X

∂F
(x)(yi − xi ) + · · ·
i=1 ∂xi

n
1 X
∂k F
(x)(yi1 − xi1 ) · · · (yik − xik )
+
k! i1 ,···,ik =1 ∂xi1 · · · ∂xik

+ θ(x, y), 

0 G ⊂ Rn I tDF : G → [−∞, +∞]  B ) LZ k + 1 % = x, y ∈ G 4
θ(x, y)
= 0,
|y−x|→0 |y − x|k
lim

/Z W ZLY z 7 ZLY zL Z  D6 b   } 3 #  T  h 
Zw{ 7L7 ZY z 7 q
q

ω(T ) = 0.60ω 2 (B) + 0.4 ω 2 (J) + ω 2 (Q) + ω 2 (X) + ω 2 (Y ).

, JEL .O . ZLY z  W$ Æ 6 bB0  } ^ 

: R { VCÆ'
1

29

W%mFb_ A
IW%mFb_ Ak 
IwN 
T - iLn[  Z/ Q
=E  h'  ) n[ LA( ^ k
: n[ 
T - iL   " : - _4&`OL g lKYn[ A( ^ L}
L  A 1990 ℄ 2 Q 6 kFL3LHT Lz Y *1990 ℄ 3 Q 20 kC
i `KY+ oT l A( n[^
-   } ( ^ i sqJ%
℄eLh4b -   } Ly  CiV i :  4&b   }
LiL   C{ib  C ( Cb  b&Æ  } TLT o ?Q
Li zC (L =C  L b -   }^ 
} A( ^W n b -   }r LTL { 
W%mFb_ An~u
1 C ( %-   } A( ^ I ℄eb  i -   } Ly  "
Ci4:-H " , LiL I Z[ C (  LA( ^;  [ ^ ? 6
b  Æ  }PNL L s NL Æ L H G 
2  ~%-   } A( ^=℄e T - iL y  " Cr
L  KQr~ F $_ l.F w h & ~  Æ O n y C (L PB h ; 
}+ o ga Ly u >  u W N =E L n  Lu
3 yX%A( ^℄e T - iLn[   }`}  F s =C{r
L ` T o  W nNy  CC iL } T oF  }))b&_ W  
} L P$ WO n T - iL y C
4 { L  
} L  => Z )-   }  F ELy  CF i) g E-   }g 
L {( => gHg E-   }g L  d q  } ( 
n[ w 
Q  }} Q  } A( ^ T  h1 iL  J  k Q  zS( 
nh  2 f L  ? zS  } `r~gH  } 3 ℄eg E 
^ i  } L PB?  N~
r = ?UgHg EL ig E ,` W b: - -   }: -L C i I
r L a  } L℄ PN & 
§3

30

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 
%YW%|mFb_ AnF)K 
ImF*<FEBinF)K
1  }  `}L i;  
1b l  W^ 8  H; 
2 } ( 

i QK PB; 
3}  = F`}C i; 
4`} L PBF  5 -?; 
50H;   L3 vW^; 
6;   L` o; 
7;   i\ ( ?3 vW^  C ; 
8 }  } /- ;$ 2 [W^  C b Q 
2  }  `}L iy  
1b l  W^ 8  H; 
2 } (  

QK PB; 
3}  = F`}C i; 
4`} L PBF  5 -?; 
50H  } L3 vW^; 
6 } L` o; 
7`}( ?3 v`} L\  W^  C Q; 
8t} 3 vt} W^; 
9 }  } /- ;$ 2 [W^  C b Q   
\TbnF)K
1 ;  ! * 
1n; 
2  L S nQ nH L PB; 
3;   L r L  ? D} PB; 
4;   i\ ( ?3 vW^  C ; 
5; L   }  b&iH ; 
6U i `} L H ; 
7;  .O L Y * 0Ug
2 g El 
1g E H l;

: R { VCÆ'
1

31 

2 } (
; 
3bS q PB Q 
3 ;   i F f  ? 
1;   i  ?; 
2;   if ; 
3  V l; 
4 
V 7  QQ M &i Q / &; 
5/O # > &i 2 &0  Q; 
6  "3 ~; 
7) g E VAF QK&0  Q; 
8Yl g E _F\4 &0  Q; 
9g E  i P FVAF\4 &0  Q; 
10Y `s Li P - ;  X ; 
11Y= K L >  ; 
12 nH{x i  
NmFbnF)K
1 `}L i;
2 `} ! * 
1`} !*' f Æ
`} ! * i PQ  F }Qb T Zw ℄ P; 
5 s T hu5Gqb 2 [ W^   C 8 8  H K -?  
} ( 
QKQ M
PB`}  QQ MPBb\o -? `}u 

`}(?Ft} 3 vW^ `} 5 N z }}i -QT oh{ EL
3D 5 s T  
2`} ! *
A n 
b0 8  H } (  

QK PBn`} L Q nH
`}SB1v`} ;  Q 
B  } 
}K L {*T o } L  k d;
C `}
`} L 3DPB`} L _`} L  ? PB`}Po`
} 5 NJ /- 5`} L r~L )}k PBi`} =z % m PB

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

32

Q 

`} L\ 
\  LW^ ( ?3 v C m E `}iv8 O nPB L `}
L- `} L  k riV";   QL  Q 
E t}
t} L3 vW^ 'j FhFt}b& Q 
F } 
}F& L _} w h L > #-? `} LO n W 
5`}\ $ 5 L  `} L d;`} L   b}} 
i -AniN %QE g
G n[ _ -C i z _ - L } } n`} L L > T }Y *iL X
55 n[{x iL % k t N 5 N QE g
3 n[Q 
1  3Q h$S L
Yn[Q  i
w n[Q  ) n
[  3Q2Æ  nZ 5 "~z
n[  3Q  
2S q Q
A LhV i :b  }C ( iCb; B V i :  i W- b 
/O # > 0-  L : - C i; CfCF\4S q  Q; Db L S
q PBC iQ 
4 n[ ?
A n[{x i  ?; B b QK N i  ?; C hK t NNY2 5 N ?;
D ; b NY ?; E  K (b5 NNY2 5 N ?;
5 `}  &0 &y  
V
V 7  QQ M &i Q &i /O # > &i i/ A
&0 2 i/ _ Lq i g E K - F\4 L 3 [3 V &i &0 
QQ 
6 `} ?
A `}Y ? K  `}YF f i/ &0 2Æ _ Lq i  ? `
} 5 N; b NYt NNY ?Q 
B  3 ? K  `}Po 0 '=  = gbg E "- g E 
Æ.g E i [ g E= gPo i P Q Po i P  XPo `} Tn 
QQ 
C S q  ? -  0 \2 -  - 5K L 9^ T og E : - ;$
D

: R { VCÆ'
1

33

s X>  Y= K>   0Q  

}}i -
_EC i z%}}i} - }F&} ; Æ T K  `}
PoS q }g E : - ;$iÆ. T o L  = }}i -Q 
7 

sW%|mFb_ A 
T - iL -   } A( ^}eVl'REZN 0
u}eVl'REUdQ}eVl'RE2sQ}eVl'REb.Q}
eVl'RE8fQ}eVl'REH ftQ}eVl'RE-"Q}E
lM# E=J>># , 2006  6 9
2 
0 ' p 0 P" 9 - b -   } ( ^}eVl'RE2s
Q 2002  11 9 21 [Z N
3 
l bL T } ( ^}eVl'RE8fQ2003  3 9 31
[
4 
y b -   } ( ^}eVl'RE8fQ1996  12 9
5 
4  b- n[i  } ( ^}eVl'RE-"QE>(
%4R}eVl'RElNd7 2000  2 9 23 [Z N
6 
S l b -   } ( ^}eVl'REb.Q
7 
C 2 1 g E } ( ^NCB
8 Æ. q )A L-  ) } ( ^F W- A L-   } ( ^
q% TH P  b - hK  } A( ^2000 ℄ 4 QQ
1

§4

%YW%mFY> 

b  g E-   } =  }X } 0 i} i }x %  Z$J
s }b&℄e 6 b$ L } -? [> w e hn E Æ/ eT 2H
p: \ LT oS W } 

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

34

f 1.5 
} 0 `h d b T y_ L )F y C s q LE g_^ i
Z x{
-   } 0 S0F5 7= 6 
§5

mF[|W0}

ImF[|0} 
I[|nJq
1 
T - iLn[  Z 7{ Z Z; / QC i % 
  " : -   iÆ.4 "i :  ` Æ L3 L (
T ℄ y  
"CLCi 4n[UT - iL 4 u & 4 u L   

: R { VCÆ'
1

35

d kr v- ($_ * ! L ℄  U
E ke
2 
T - iL  }`}  Z Z{ Z QC i % 
}`}+ o FÆ =E  = " b ℄ 6-L r v 4 " r v   ℄  
}`}+ o6- r v ℄  5  }`}+ oTL     }`}+ oL 
" r v F4 L gH 3 L = L3LC i  

4`mFFGz7t[|nzf% 
4&L3L4 6- }`}+ o  " r vL3 k =  L qLH 
[2000]34 d2000 ℄ 5 Q 3 kT  V i :  }`} L r v3 k? 
N E H=  i :  r vL b ) T ofK`^{ Z 2 * T )Q_E4  

N[|
^
-   }?sg E ,` Wi : L m T 2 P B" b Æ   i : 
L r v  
mF?40} 
b -   }X5 +H h = _hJ %  %1H -P Bsi  } 
F`} 27 X5(2 }FÆ (  k X5(3}F T }.OX
5(4- hKn[X5 
b  g E-   }`}H  30 d `Ze/ ,QC i
w^:WMN UB18xUBVÆ*Z}Bfh"i[,[ 
:4Nd$KQ Z8UBiBC1"j-
6Gv"j-vn+
)3 ^% 
1UBf( 
2UBi
RZOUB%1aH( 
3UB /}iBWh%a BBRi^Ug
ra4 ^; 
4 B0u1(xR B-( 
5}BDG 
=TL12I g^ I }  3I }4I }F&y_
L }P  5n IT }Y *i [ 3 i Q T C i `  z T }Y *i y 15 k
T k " r v   C s P  K  :6 b  } T  s q&   Æ:H
L-   } (
,$ L  " r vL '  [~  X5 -? T&
,[6

36

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

b}3  % 2 s qÆV i :ig E ,` Wi : -   }r v FX
5 Q 3 v-?L C i hua W y_g EL-   } 
=h 0 ' p i P" 9 - b -   } L X5: - h T - i
L L:-HiTH P b }`}: - H QL gH' ?a 7
0 h + h'| 
0 ' p 0 P" 9 - b  }`}: - H  T - iL  
89 d ` Æ:H (
TL0 ' p 0 P" 9 - b -   }X5C i qJ%
s\N%LQEKi~[EKiO 0~[
,8 
w
^:WMN UB1z8xÆ*M`M2ÆhMNUBiBzF
d474{~AM2Æh
}'4\Hw^ $K
Z/ YQC i ℄  m!? -   } L bg E  }`  z L [ 3 Æ 
}Pb,` W UMh W- -"V   "i :  X5Z/ Q T 
?ZC i } L d;2  k  = ``}( ?3 v' 15 kP  }
L X5 W X5
i : - H Z / ,Q }T }.OCzhJX5PB%
w^:WMN UB1z8xUBVÆ*PC}BVi[, 15 [ 
:zGA81/Æ~m8iVld2sNd
7Q Z8 UBiBC1
"j-"j-Æ*+
)3 ^% 
1 UBiB15C+
UBf UBi 
xa
s DHzRPC}BV1i 
4 
2341 /2+
UB%~[iBqD"iB-oD+x
/UB / B0u1 B-sB71Æ* B7}BV1i
B /uzUB#1lÆ* z UB#uUg
69Y8}|TX5'^1>C'131 /2NZ8
1iQCi 3 PC L X5 Q6 b  ^ I }P  i T }Y *iI
g T o
i : - H Z / Q - hKn[ L X5C i qJ%E&"jUg^ 7 [ 
}BVÆ*4Ug9/Æ~mzGA812sNd
7Q 3
℄eT - iL   Ls C i  W-   }r v iX5: -LT
o +H \[: `X5 L gH)) -  `Z iL :|ShTH PL ' 
7  0 
THP b}`}:- H Qb-  }L rv FX5: -' F

: R { VCÆ'
1

37

Ly&qJ% 
1?  }   } -? i  } T oX5( 
2;  X5( 
3;  .OX5( 
4 } } ( 2  } k X5( 
5}P  F T }Y *i X5( 
6n[X5 
 hwz6 b   WL X5'   .b  g E-   }`}H 
30 d `i 0 ' p 0 P" 9 - b  }`}: - H  89 d `T
L X5C i PE[ 3 X5 3 v℄e  } L ?b  ? L  J' L a I u& 
}r:;$℄e  }?b?r v : - Tu&  } ℄e[ L }%  X5
[ L  Q h 'E yX5i_ & * & > 1 > 

t 2 l nG DS=X5
UB /=B.w^UB19uP
§1 

\Tb

IC~ \Tb;FuvnQ 
1  } (

2 nQ
3 U i `} 27L-
4 3 vPB  
\TbC/R<W4 
IGwmF 
Ui}(
I-   }  ' E L 0 U L Z ℄ P*`  } 
i;   T m! 0 U W (``} ^  } L( 
C 8 ; Æ W (
℄  x) zbio-  P} F`s?  l iII P 2 'j;  
I }  i;   T r~  } (
L Z n 
}  i;   T 4&b l F  } (
L 4 4  } (

m!N~ F
= b FÆ\42 )- hJ?O 5 7= 6 
2.1 t *** '%Dz UB%R+x /}1 
z  R

UBf _)%
A. z % 
zov%**** '%Dz
2s>p%12252m 5N%48.2m
`*%8) 2 `8m 14 `
D*M
%# 
KÆ3%di!K
2s8<%****************** 
gs['%******  6 9 30 [' 368 [!_
{0rE%U
2

: R VC 0>z="%v

39

2

UBf%
*** '%Dznuf 8x )Ws 

m&UBf T7AiBVh. *** '%Dz )Ws 4MN 
UBxZ$)HH g7AiBVA-o6uN-znu 
^h.5z~ )Ws 1h℄ ^
1AwgnuPCNUBf^uCr$iSUBfMNP>1k&W
NrT7AiBVJa5uN-1
nu gAPCUBf1℄uC
rB
E 8xGA8Su?X uQz17_<mz>Yz
>zf D# "UO24d72.GPh4z1X 7
'^~iBhZ+^}BVjS8Nt7>C^ MW7z 
Mz
gp\zUBfV_)i
IrB
1U
B’. UBf% 
1*** '%Dz}18! D*2ÆT>1 -
f<m >4z)}>Ys3 "UO2z<m-U&h
UBV=NZ+NA5UBf  
2*** '%Dz[2f 1m)-72>.Gz~moNJ 
d?h PhzNA5UBf 
B. 

Gw >b
Uia`} L QIWI ,lz L g E PB L  - V'j`
} L 'CQQ4 { W  L V R  (? T [ 3 Tm&i_
`} Y`}; } & 4W Q iL 4 S 'j`} L VQ
r + } L ) K [ 3 VM:|4 + ^  ÆV_^^ZJ5
E Z'jR  G mi_Po:| + T &  E R T , LEL  
0 ' p i P" 9 - b -   }`}: - H  T - iL 
 89 d ` TZ Q 0 UC i } 
J (``} Cz0  }b 6 b
PBOLQ {L  QQ MPBiÆ.PB /  `U i Q 3 Z L  
T - iL   - V Q : - C i (Æ  0  } (
\℄Z
D =I hK - g E  Iw VhKg E  UU i z Q Q 
2.2 t-Æl 12 | m qizZ+t+x /}PC1{
3

40

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

a/_)%

0 ' p b2 P" b - hK  MFh   Q [ 3 gj 1b w VhKxMFh   QL- V 
+GZ+18xut}+8x1^#}+ -t1{
NU)}EE S-t{YC}PA#}+ -tNJt 
t}+1{sa1A\p1k2Æz~d%z #}+
YÆ-t)8{Nhqizt}+eÆ{WFx}B^
Z+1 j
m&$S -t{rEÆ%

j 1- b w VhKxMFh   QL- V 
0  s q Q Q0nQ L :|Z`  } T X&C ) 
=~ Q Q$ 
nQ  q 3 `;   T _E S z 

nQF  }  o ' Æ Q PB  ;  ni_ V` L > # 
AT - iL  w\ F& Q A Lb  g E-   }
`}H  30 d `Z/ Q    5 L C i qJ%
s\   5 i P  5(``} 2 `} IIO nJ S Q%
1 g y: % k n[ L L 4 (
2 g t n[ LW> K w VS q i W> 8 XiÆ.1 Q 
-~ : -W> KG9i\ L V F(
3    &[k ` WV`}[Hp">[":q .> ~ 5(
4 ` Dx ℄T  y H T }i= ℄ NF ℄+ b QK !E(
5 y  " CC iL Æ.Q 
s C i  nQ Li P T o? N0 U6 b?;   L
r L3 ℄eb L  ^ .n  } ( 
nQ?EÆ#  aZ
5 7  0 Z ^  
2.3 t_7_z%*zUB}wgm&^>S+xUa/>C 

:ra/ R
a/ )}:ra/iBuDV:WLQW&1a/
W a/I{~uNW&8h℄a/_)% 
1:ra/%

: R VC 0>z="%v

41

2

&d   g E2 [
1

V 7 F  / &
2 
V QQ M
3
gEK-

7 

H"3 ~
do 8
1 i >
S> 9

8

QK N & HC

9

n[ t N

10

=K

4
5
6 

2 a/

nQ 
u
0 ' p b - hK  MFh   Q 
- w VZMg E K - 4 J ^`
Æ.b 5 eg E K - 
t &0 i O nPB L "3P  
100 }> - ih Ldo 8 
& 3000 }> - i 
r&` byn[  0^b` 
. i L 20% 
YQ L ISO QK HCg & F _W I
℄h 
D, ℄t N | 90% h , )~   N 
L [ T? W ?  x` i^ o 
)nb
g E= K O n T - iL p F
4C i 
2.1

&d   g E2 [
1 
VSB: -W>
2 
V/O: 3
-   X L C
4
5
6
7
8

nQ
D I℄Æ  0  Wz  & 3  
O L : - HC℄ n 
 ^b - PBya L 0 d T d 
) ` j f `D;FÆ/ T r -  
X
g E K -L3 [ 
b ) Fh 3 [
g E K -L VA 
0 Q 3 Fh ) g EL- bn |
100% 
g E K -L : -W> D, ℄F Æ QZ  0  W 
g E S qd k 
b ) Fh 3 [h 5 Q 3 Fh ) g E L S q : -, 4bn | 100%
gEK-
F$_n - & O. - F/OFQ z
F; F; F x&i 
2.2

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

42

s q` )L nQ T 
VA PB ) g EL VAKbC
8  p .$;  W / {}Q \ ) 2PQ^b L bVAqO?Z 
PB
u .$ 2
$ p 1 -)L- VAn $N   89 d `T 4& 
} 
J (``} Cz0  }b 6 bPB OL Q {L  QQ MPBi
Æ.PB L C i  

NGwFH#jn 

A T - iL  w\ F& Q b  g E-   }`}H 
30 d `Z/ Q T C i
el 7 i  J h "Y 2 Æ.n
--? X L `} LzK  ZC i5 "W N   89 d ` 0 ' p 0 P"
9 - b  }`}: - H  Z/ Q T
`;  n L `}   Q
3  h  } T ,l & 7 h;  n L `}   L '  
℄eA T - iL  w\ F& Q  30 d `Z/ Q L C i `
} L27 =hJ I[W % 
1;  n L ,`}   ( 
2`;  n L `}   T $n --? U iL `} 
Z 1 [-? U i `} 27I Lb  } T D L Z [- a I ,YQ 
; L `}   p'j`}m  x(R ^I `} W Q P
X L f CK 4 + ) T j +N }_^i}) K i_  } i`} I >
L mP $; 
Z 2 [-IE ' T LL T b  : -   i  } { W (" bL Z [
- : PBU i `} 27L-? n -  ;   L r~Cz N  {
PBZ 2 [-L6QI U i Z [ n -L ;  n L `}   Li &  ?  U i 'u q2 Z & 7 2`}   `} 6 b)) I[
- %nx  U ii &i )= U ii &\b  Dy  J {
hJ#  YQ I 5 7 ?Z 0  
2.4 "U u^x"1$
tQ℄LzUB)+x /}>CA)W&
:ra/ ^
V u^PC oA6 9 o1iBuDViBV uqB B_)D%

: R VC 0>z="%v

43

2

% fD1Z
1 
UPJ9,GB5 <
2 
U n75 <
3 
U0h=5 <
4 
URA9,V=5 <
5
6
7
8
10
11
12

13
1
14 

|
XP IS)9000 PJf%I 5 < 
Hm 0 <  
100 |=b,hgI 5 < 
Hm 0 <  
3000 |=b,hgI 5 < 
Hm 0 < 
Cw\/Vy 3 Eg 
5 <,2  2 < 1  1 < 
Hm 0 <  
U.N9,GB2 < NK.N9,GB, %h\ 
m I 2 <, H m 0 <  
UmZsM5 < Cw\sM{%D 90% g
5 < H m 0 <  
UZ(a,JF C+\,PYZ(a 
10 <
I 2.5 < 
fDJ,2Z2 < a(Eg 2 < m,a
( EgI 0 < 
fDJ,KU
C 5 \/,Y(ÆfD 
8 <
I 2 <  z 8 < '  I 0 < 
fDJ,K9,
C+\ PY/V I
V=8 <
2 <  z 8 < 'H m 0 < 
fDRp jb 
a(Eg2Z 3 E 
10 <
( g  Æf D R p 9 , JF I
10 < 2  5 < H m 0 < 
fDJ,
#^m,  +*E % 
15 <
NI 10 < QY 5 <  
G_r (20) 
W,  Z N I 20 <  
QY 2 <  

\d
PJ f %%h 
[O ~ 
[O ~ 
/V%h

.N%h\ 
m %
mZE%/ 
%/P
Rp2Z%h 
Equ 
fF %h 
/V%hE
fDJ,%/
qFVhE2
Z%/
bErWE%
h
\dG[  

2.3 

nxUii &6 bI 1   _i & L AnUi  Li&ZL
U i z i &~ = } (A, B, C, · · ·)YyU i ~ A, B, C, · · · Li & - S q
i &.O A ≻ B ≻ C ≻ · · ·^U i \[~ Li & - bq~ A Li &
- A ≻ A ≻ A ≻ · · ·`~ A i &\[ 3 ^U i ~ B Li & -, b
q B ≻ B ≻ B ≻ · · ·℄ ) l[ 3 PBÆ ~FÆ i & -L s E  
;   T t
1

2

3

1

2

3

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

44 

2.5 "U ^PC ZNx"1$
tb}G'%DUB%}Dn^H 7 oiBuDVXiB-o1i
BuDV 12 V+x /}>C xu 
x R
"U  PC
iBVo'/P)>Ch℄1 Z:R Zi^L1
AS-t(
%3V08xT1tR.hxb1 mMN"U PCiB
Vo' 
A-o1 12 V}L 10 V+V1+x /;81+xuD"
UBV(21+x x0uS;81 10 x+xuD"MN1xD
RoU) x0uAPC 7 oiBVo'`VI Zi^WVI
1J?^eV1i^s{~)}u-tF/Æ2Æ%4 Y) 
( (lu-tg1 54 Y1 uuw-4\/Vz
? uS^ 8 VWN)Hz?{V1*^uw-V31
i
PCz?1|V*^PC 7 oiBVo'bJ?e'
1mHz
`XTI 
UBVS-o-tMNxbaPC1iBVo' ,1e4J?1
uDV- H }G1mÆ'
i;/bUB/4$ergUBV
ÆN"8 

h} $ 
nx   0 ; 3 &  _E S zx = }
$ 
_i &  = }? i &YQU i  Li2 &U i `} 2
7 ;J ` E  # y } i;  F&p W zn -L- k
W [U i `} L  0 N ;ÆA~ T Is 5 7 ; + < Li PA
~ 
s℄\9FC
4&;   iL X 3 vF;    Qb3 vy  C T )
0 UPB  } `n -3 v
X T l i : D ℄ W   "i : L
iN ZwgH: - C i 6 b 0 ;  Qb 3 m!1g E ,` WL 4: C i7 7 qpT & ; LT o-? gHC i (TH P 1  } w
h L PB  ; L  w hi  } / L ? N X L  
b  g E-   }`}H  30 d ` }  i;   
zz `
X  J & 5 )k: ℄`}   l 3\ ;   i n 
 } Æ i l i # L q I ;   iL\  3 vC i n - r

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

45

= | v g E  ^ F _ Xb }  ;   ` ( ?3 v F P`}  
2 Lh L X 3 v℄+ g E 5 Lh  X 3 vh ' &   n -L 
X 3 v  ` E  # 
§2

mFb

ImFb;uvn 
IFH=wORuvn 
1b  K ( 
K  } T oi2 )= ( 
2`}Po L- I b K ; 7 Po Ii PoI boPo I
= gb 7 oPo( 
3F QK qLT o0 (
( 
4b QK F
PB( 
5 d  Q  X -? F\o -  ; !E( 
6 } 3 v L / i  
>bORuvn
1   b -  ) n[C S ^F  },l -?
T - iL  0  _ E ' A N x - n[ A( ^ h
℄e  K>  [ = , 
1 b- n[A( ^(GF-1999-0201) C(b-  K i
hK . v - kes3iL 4L Z [-E 4C LA( ^ 
2 b-  w V = Kn[A( ^(GF-2003-0213) C(-hK
i w Vb = K . v - kes3iL 4L Z [-E 4C LA( ^I
 b - n[ L B)hK  K h 5 n[ke= K ^Æh 5Lw V
= Kb  hK h 5 n[ke 
3 b-  % 3 = Kn[A( ^(GF-2003-0214) Z[%3=K
n[A(^C ( bhK hK 2 w Vbh=K 0 % 3 = K
. v  C % 3 T o)  l) QK i % 3Pv Q- kes3iL 4L
Z [-E 4C LA( ^
-   } 3 n[ A( ^ L ,l - %

46

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

1g E 5 "  Kb I hKb Iw VhKb }
TL n[^p$  b - n[A( ^(GF-1999-0201) 
2- hK 7   K Lw VhKb } TL n[^$  
b -  w V = Kn[A( ^(GF-2003-0213) 
3- hK 7 w VhK 7 b -  % 3  } } TL n[
^$  b -  % 3 = Kn[A( ^(GF-2003-0214)
2 - hKn[ L 9^ T o
T - iL  0 T - iL  _  b - n[A
( ^GF -1999-0201i  b -  w V = Kn[A( ^(GF-20030213) KWhJ9^ T o 
1n[^ L _%
a. {x i b. Yn[Q  c. w n[Q  
2n[ L 9^ T o% 
3 i sFn[- ZL 4 is3 lL b )-  0 \0 

QK G W /O - n[o  0 (b  Q  XbxrG W
0. N) q 0  xÆ.b = K  z > NQ5 N Q
3 n[Q| vLi P!E 
1
ib? }L PB( 
2  }ib QK }( 
3SB: - F/O - ( 
4QK G W }FG W Qb- ( 
5 Q  X L G W F5  . ( 
6b  \x L- ( 
7b K \ K Fb  b ( 
8rG W ( 
9b. ( 
10N) q 0  x Q 
N3FF < 
Ruvn
1 n)  | vLi P!E

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

47 

1Po L  
iK U i }9oF`}Po J=- k,`} ; Æ  hU i
zPo J= EZ 
2S q } L  
U i S q }} = }q i P -  - 5b QK b? } \ F
N &
"- /Op 2 NN 0- iU* -  "-QL  = }i  } 
0 -Q 
2 n - S o T }  | vLi P!E 
1mi S q } II n L Q 
2mi `} Po IIS &Æ_^o L ℄e2Xb&i -  
mFbC/R<W4 
IFH=wOC/R<W4
1  } ( 

} TL } ( 
gH }r~ 3 `  }  ;   
L 9  ?  s L ?U0 =  Æ T K  } L gH T o}  = FÆ
2 )- k  XF d  QL Po -? k -= Kg EL N"K = K: Q
hJ#  YQO 5 7 ?Z = 6ql`  } T ~a  Z =  
2.6 t'%Dz UBUBV!4)}1D*T>1z 
NJ"UO2>>iR=J&h12 s3- -zA 
zNJs3<mzNJ<m-U&h"UZ+xzN3`Z+
fwg\Z+f~)UBf1B^ 
1UBf%*** '%Dz n}1D*TNJÆT>
1zNJ"UO2>>iR=J&h12 s3- -z
AzNJs3<mzNJ<m-U&h>Ys3 xz
N3`Z+f
\B^(')Nz$iXU 81/Nh℄iBVsNn1AZ 
UB / n4gZiBV1Æ4Z+ ^ nu}+J)Z+
1 ^z$iBB 
m&UBf1B^~)N&%aFjNB

48

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

!xT!ST1uFA|NB
(b {7-qiz}1<"g
b 4NB(c A7.}1=Ls3_℄ 4{AZ+f NB(d 
z$ik&1NPNh℄
~)uB^% 
2UBf%*** '%Dz nx92x 1.5 f 18! D
*2ÆT>1zNJ"UO2>>iR=J&h12 s3 
- -zAzNJA 
OJzÆ7Fz(s3
V+<mzNJ<m-U&h 
nx92x 1.5 fx1xzN3`Z+f
\B^66j1 ^G M2Æ x1F11B
1AzFjs 
51B
1)2ÆTQu`1B 
UBV125Z+LT
STNJdMuPT _)% 
3UBf%*** '%Dz nx92x 1.5 f 17-b"z
8! D*2ÆT>1z- -zAz<mz~
Uga}>C}+V{x1)H ^
)}2ÆTNJD 12 PuD1 3 PueD1U"
R`!T1ST (m&STQ 
5UB1}BVoL vD*
`->72 v 1 fÆ
>1z}"UO2>>iR=J&hLMN+U7J 2/
Az}1A 
OJzÆ7Fz(s3$}BV
G)-hm 
<mzNJ<m-U&h  
x>YzR2Æx92 1.5 fx1xzoNA5UBf 
}BV58x #}+' 
GS^\u+8x1 7
qO  } (
LT o  h 5 " 5 s
`} ! * ' f T qO  }
(
LT o4 n  h``} ! * ' f T { 7 N~2 5 "~ 
`} ! *
Z OQ J ) 5 7 ^ I ~ T o4  ÆgH L } (
5 ``} ! * 
TL  
2.7 tlt!* #}+UB)}1UBf`B_)

iBVWh6 D }1UBf%

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

49

UBVGZ$nuG 1LQ2Æz~iBWh 1.1 Gk& ^ 
+
)NL1%2ÆD*!Tz -+
-&hXn
!F(&h m?8z<m&h>YzA!fz&hz()
)}1Qutz4~qCu+1i 


iBVWh }1UBf%
1.1. 5UBf)&z #R%
(1) 5UBfnuG 1LQ2Æz+
)NL1%2ÆD
*!Tz -+
-&hXn!F(&h m?8z
>&hR<m&h>YzA!fz&hz(NJqi <"gb
7-))}1Qutz4~=NZ+1i 
-5a 1.2 
(2) 1.2 1.3 G3=NZ+8xR5UBN+
18x}<m&hq 
9&h19W7 LQ+?+UYTk&1Xn2R2h
>&h1U75"2 LQ+?+UR)H=NZ+8x~m?Z+8x3Æ1
+?+U ^(
(3) 1.2 =NZ+8x1#+7t(
(4) 1.3 5UBN+
^1#+Ut(
(5)
Uga }>C}+V{x1)H8x
1.2. =NZ+8x (NJ+?+U) %
(1) A!fzz
(2) <mz
UBV4m&=NZ+8x1BCKV}BVGSm&=NZ+8x
Ug17HGSu+1URA/\?/GU1t+
A5 
UBf ~#+7t1M
-Qut2C+6tOAb
z Hz}N/MNAb
1.3. 5UBN+
1 ^%
(1) |{z: qizR~gbz 7-(
(2) L&z%_R1zU(z> zxz(
(3) YsQu%
a. YsTQu%`1>Y $ !TU%GW CF 
U \(Y`1ÆW CF!ue`1|kF+
|kF$ 
u7` - `1|kF+
|kF$qp}G^`1

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

50

|kF+
|kF$ S FqpM+u
b. xTSv9x 
c. >z
d. >Yz
UBV4m&z1BCKV}BVGSm&L&z1URA 
/HÆ}&|{z1TM/\?/GU1t+
A5UBf 
~#+Ut1M
-Qut2C+6tOAbz Hz}N
/MNAb
1.4. #+ ftuF<%
(1)  >1z>v#>5d >s41?2kJ?2k(
(2) -z vJx 2 f -J --2Æx 2 f(
(3)  vU(8ms3Y-M℄ NJ℄ (
(4) YsSTzN+
A5UBf #+/8j/v=`9
j/vD*`B/vD*{>1z/v2h2- 7G?v
k 
1.5. iBVu(iBÆPY)iB"|LjE5UB /1 ^RrE
)-!|+
5UB /G+J1LQzf iB-!313Æx
UBVYiBVA-!}s|uxM-49 1.2 =NZ+8x1BCK
VR 1.3 5UBN+
^1BCKV-5Wh /Y)} /YGZ$1
9 1.2 =NZ+8x1BCKVNXTt`iB#!
1.6. iBVu(}B:W}&#+GXN/+HS zLQ2Æ 
z1{0'GHSu++
=NZ+ 5UBN+
1zZ$U 
1 g /j h8Y
xZ$;#4U/}
BV:WN{xUBz1
℄Qu 
& = }  KbÆ  } (
L N~5 7 qJ% 

2.8 tQ℄z+
12 ' 
zu 3 BPMNUB
BPgu-)D:

: R VC 0>z="%v

51

2

' 
zov
"UH D
Nd'%D 
Qb}G
uP%*
YP%*
DEk 
T) 
9
#D
℄Z9
>h<_D
uT 

BP 2Æjm  D*M

1
2727 
#
1
9347 
#
1
8572 
#
1
8506 
y
2
18180 
y
2
779 
#
2
5566.37 
#
2
5093
}#
3
2513 
#
3
2845 
#
3
18890 
#
3
3563
}#
D 2.4
2

)UBf1`B_)%
mF %BPu BPe}' 
z2Æ nx9xx 1.5m 1
qiq2 -R>1z+
D F(Xn  >L+U7V"
2
5UBNJ% 
1x72.G97 /4Phz( 
2Nd'%DQb}G1>Y )( 
3Qb}GuT1A&h ( 
4Qb}G1|pV &h ( 
5)1Æ%)s3 ( 
6T ks3 ( 
7>h<_D>1>s3 ( 
8' 
z 1<mz+
<m-U9&h m| 1V+ 
( 
9Qb}G 1}-Æ&h-Æs3 ) (10 
' 
z}1"UO2>>i12s3 A(
)}$s3- IuB-S2!s3!- IY

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

52 

`}Po
p b -   KhK\o: - H  T - iL  2001 ℄ 11
Q 5 kZ ,Q T 0 ' p i P" 9 - b L \o) N qJC i %
s -f; }} U i`}Po_^5 " ; v" ;4 ti
8$_Ær L h$hJ\o - %
A  Q7 o  =  = gb KL7 o 5 " ; 5 " ; h  Q ;
L pb K FÆ\oU i v" ; 4 t81  4C i^ \ 
B n 7 o  =  = gb KL7 o O ;  7 oO ;  7 on\
y_ =  = gb, #L5 " ; v" ; 4 t8
℄eh  C i T LL T b\oHC I[ K Q7 o\oin 7 o\
oI[ \oHC &P pz3 N Zw   L : - C i  I  Q7 o
\oHC` T LfKW ℄ Z 5I b  KhKib. L \o℄e 
_kL:- KG  > #L-  i FÆ s =: -   b L `
L  E
NG a L ?) 
n 7 o\oH LI 3 Lbb: - KG` Q7 o\oH L 9 
w L Z [ io\oHCT - iL  i T - iL QK r v
zGzo_& 2003 ℄ 2 Q 17 k  n   N  bb K ; 7 \oC (  
GB50500-2003T - iL `ÆT 0UCiNÆTZ 1.0.33.2.23.2.33.2.4
Q , L Qm!= 7 
C (T 1.0.3 QC iN O ; L82L8` iL+T  
b7^C ( 3.2.23.2.33.2.4(1)3.2.53.2.6(1) Qng E r g E
2 [\ K7 ib K \ Cn? N ℄ZC i  
[L\oH L i  } ( 
`} ! *T  Li z 0 U L `}PoC i  
  KhK% k- hKn[H - b. l L B0 ℄e
[ L b\oHC# = a 7  0  
2.9 2'!^A | B uQ℄Lz UB /}Sz
-!1>C_)% 
1iB-!~ *** 2Æs7s1Q℄Lz}' 
z n
.h a/ 1998 A |2Æz+>CV )%872RE 
A |2ÆztCV A |ztCV1998 LEhu 
zCVA |'
-!w#D1997 A |2szS2+>!2002 
9 5 'A | B z2sF!H  B 2szF!7Q 14>C
2

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

53

MN-!+
S2 !)}$S2RB-!8x5- IuR IY 
2"UIt B F}Æ3ÆzE> 
3qx<BD3q 1KM xM 
4B z2sF!H }`!1S2BN> !N
Cp1S2*5!W  
5% t%iBV{~g'{0rE h8CDU-t 
v(-% t% tN`iB#!}L/UBV!}BV
lE }+Ug1Xxwg% tAiB"
S-!Ur1n1[ 3
Æx}nPD  
[ Po -? PB1; i Po[ 3 Pz Q :oiS q"-; : y
=) % k n[ L '|Æ T  Q :o"-; p1 6 b # . I Z [_
L $ iL } - J ) 5 7 $ i .n P B1o PoI

iK P BoR ;| L Po: -8? 0b K ; 7 \oH LLiC a
9^Z H  
2.10 2'!^0QtLzUB /}Sz-!1>C% 
1-!B wg
V0Q 2001 #O10Q2sz+>CV 34F! />C
MN-!Hwg0Qd
yntS 1>C>Zz1t
)}% 
z0>i^%wg 2001 0Q2sz+>CV>C1z0>
i^>(
S2t-!i^%J0nu>yqlyq-!CV}>
C{~Ab1S2) !*Ou'0QzS2F!H >(CV}N+

1X S2)!*Ou'0QzS2F!H >(
s3t-!i^%CVx}|T+
s3
S![oNCV!(+

s3
S![oNB-!D-9YQ
Uga/ Qu1 / 3(
Vt-!i^%wg 2001 0Q2sz+>CV 34 /-! 
2-!
iB-!iBVAiB /}Z18gKV1#R

ViBK ) D>C1
) ^-! 
34-!1M1n
wg 2001 0Q2sz+>CV 0Q2Q2T [2002]117 P
/>CiBV1iB-!uz℄Q<ORzr℄Q<O-!/Qu

54

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

)}% 
z℄Q<O+
1 ^%*xz℄1℄<O0~CVwg 
zr℄Q<O+
1 ^%CV}17-b"~gbp$;
#!Lm<!Ct.h7t-t7t"a4 wg0Qd 

yntS Wfz1t
hJ I $n 7 o\oHC  } 3 `} ! *T `}Po L PB5 7  
2.11 t-ÆlzV"U'!!℄yMN UB)iBVW
h}SiB-!/1_)>C% 
15ziB-!V"U'!!i 
wgUB /}Z$1z0B
'MN-!iBV1iB-!Æ{x5UBfRUga/1LQwg 
2szz0B'!>fRGZ$1z0B'-!N/~XT
~/iBV>'!~#!1wg

^b TL  = X d  Q Po7 b K ; 7T z L oPo
3  J ? f  
2 rUBVSUB /~T iBVÆUBVZ$1z0B'}
31z8xRz0`-'!RU!bu8xs;Xu-!XT^
H1-!4N?iBV`'!~U!1z8xA ^UBV4N 
~gH 8t|+
A)H!1'!~U!  
35UBz1 8<5Wh6 D9 2 8G& rUg}=>
CiBVA-!}hB!1z0B'}G-1'!RU!~ iB-!w
#D}1!o+
{x z8x1x5"a/Ks't tztd\Q />Ct4Gt 
4iBV{+-8Kt~u1E8
xC.G &
D1y XT)H&~7}+!1CXT`~E8CW,w1E 
~'hjuD4N4
7 2.11 d T Hr iL  = K  Xi d  QL Po - T  h
C i b)o `} ℄e P B>  ?Po: & T LL T \ L6 b> 
` 0-   } 3 Æ  Xi d  QL S q= }' z U i j .
[Z d L X2[Z [  Q Æo!:}qO 5 "℄`} ℄e P B1
oPoBmi_`} $
S o T }{o) q ?`} y b & +LI
}   I `} 

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

55

$n7o\oH L  0-   }|``} ! *T PC i zPo L v } T ! L sy L 
b K ; 7 4&b K ; 7 FÆ} U o L
r L _JZ{ TL 
b K ; 7 0} U o L r L 
3 F QK qLT o0 ( 

} 3i Z iL K q( 
?  `b. 3 | v `K q(
TL g E 
o f .  I Lbb  KD L Z [8?  L & 
F1 ℄ %
!Lb  KL T b  K| vL K q ~hJO ) %1 Q   ;L 1
o o (2n[ w Q T C iLT o(3b K ; 7L 5: -Q ℄e 
bC 8   
L F  F  \f CL gH>  ! J [ LF QK q(
F 
b. H   
2.12 tLzV 
2'! ^(j UB)UB /}Sz
-+1fsCa/_)%
z-+tiBVDUhNC -t(N_>`iB#!})
z-+f%
ZzsJwS-I)m-S2!oHiB-! 8% 
J 8%17:NAz-+f )H:o+JAz-+f 
qO$ 
n 7 o   0 }Z?ZC i z
; 7 b K 5:
L- H  7 q% 
z0B'} A 2% ~ 1z0D>NAb
4 b QK F
PB
℄e Dz3 L-  QK zG i }b QK =n0n I
[  } T 4& QK }= W N~
n 
4& -  
℄eb,` W S L  b
i ℄e\ L 
b ) F = }U i  
Z U#C' 15% 
2.13 t℄'h'1rE%
CV'%320 _ ([!_)g'%280 _ ([!_)gs['%2003 
10 9 15 [gq[' 2004  9 9 20 [
s q%=PB 
PB%   
/ i %  
I `} LE

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

56 

d  Q  X -? F\o -
N N & b ;  W uOiv8PB[ 3 T| vEP B1o o 
[JS q= }[J d L X[J L}O  Q Æoi QK ` T L pP
B:|q +  } YDÆb TLi P  Xb Afi ;p 2i ;J i
Q d  Q{}O  Q  # ,gN g QCz  } ?$&y
`} ?-/ } `  }T  I[- H  %Z [I Æ }  L  Q  
X Q `n[ ? y f 2b K ; 7Tg gzb)o℄,`} ` i 
= Po\[(^ Z [I Æ   =  Q  X Li $& L s  } ( 
=℄`}
PzÆ( ÆÆ : ; i - / }; I p  h:s q℄eS  C'
b)o &E ℄  m!?  } L C 8 } 3   } 0 T } [ 0
\51 L }(y &E ℄  m!?  } L C 8 } 3   }  0 }$
&yC T } ; -- [n[ 6-L : -- T[ 
2.14 t_z%* UB /}4X S2s3$Æi 
!i^
1>C% 
$S2s3RX S2s3 B-!B'-5UB /
Uga ^
Iuv IeUBVG4m&S2s3<v .h  .hv 
<1<!}BV}&iBVwgSÆS2s31B-!D )}&1<!
,7/MN-!H}`iB-! 
}BVV+1-SwSg/p24!!2SV+WTUB
VMN{0PY
6  } 3 v L / i 
℄eb-  } L Ci`} LP mb } U i a  } 3 v/ i L s E
} T k`} ts q  }`}  ib -   }`}H T p  `
} 3 v)z N , L C i K`}X 3 v W & 20 k[ 3 }  } 
L  k rF ( m!``}( ?3 v' 15 k  z
5 

>b
ql`}%  }QiSB ^ ~an[QIE n[: - F 
}?UTLZ +E  }Qb^  ^ I Z [ YQ 7- PN -? y_n[8 mL Q
bÆ ELI bn[: -) JZ G a L 9/r~  } 3 m!g  
3 n[Q LJ 0r~n[Q LJ  I 'CQZ I n[Qm!

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

57

O n T - iLn[  (I m! O n T Lb - G W C ( 0 QK zG 
i}6  0 Z  _ L b  } 7 `&,l N Z (  L-   / 
`&n[ L  46- 0: - 
J) #hZ b - hKn[ TLw Q  7?0 u&5 
Æ TL Q  d0S - hKn[Z H 

)% 

2.15 t'%Dz,hz) #}+UB}1Uga_

Ie[wNO>b

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
1  2 h r
IR2{vP℄Mhuf℄P+\,Khr$
1.1 XP  $H d x  ! BB h E
 a ,  K O j9 X%
 a , 
KP 
1.2 v P  $H Jb/gJbd x  ! BB h -mfGa 5 aJz %
^YGpKP HXPKfG q1j 
1.3  Jb$< _zw hS M h fa  J h Gh 'a an V=K<D bgE
GIh<DbKmdgb
1.4 gJb$< _zw hS M h Z  Jb! aK fa , gJ h G K<D bgE
GIh<DbKmdgb
1.5 f D J , $< gJb_ v P S<hK j , 9 , hmZ s  K. 
1.6  [ 6 $< Jbp K j℄a  [G I [a  [ PP L %hK6 
1.7 q ,6 $< Jbp K j℄aq , G I [aq ,  PP L %hK6 
1.8 a ( $< ℄aq ,6  kK q , a ( 1  Jb <hKs ℄mZ K. 
fGh2KJbgJb_vPSMh 
1.9 ahn9 ,   $< K2K3  TLg  b ,!U
  !h 9  1 p
K ahn9 , :#
1.10 a$< JbgJb_zw hS M hK gJ ' SK a
1.11 mZn  $< JbgJb_zw hS M h  Jbg 'a gJb0  mZM h x
^gJ' SNag4PJMjdKf
1.12  imZn  $< _mZ s  S" OqimZn K =  J  JbTfx0[ 
mZnK,qiKmZn 
1.13 : $< JV_mZn -SK  <   Jb1gJbg 4K JX ' y
1.14  $< JbgJb_zw hS M h 0j 1 K y J h )lj[ K g
JKy 
1.15 sj $< JbgJb_zw hS M h gJbs <,  K m  1[ K j 

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

58

qj $<JbgJb_zwhSMh gJbx^gJ' SaK m1[ 
K j 
1.17 e B $<   JbB1gJbBJ  Jb u  gJb , O K +e
BJ r < / h3 P
1.18 , A V $<   JbB K %a ,  K A+gE  Jb_e BS fG <hK 
,  :  K dk -A+
1.19 h( Æ > $< mZ h h y d a J a Oa  a y dh a 
P gÆVR+[SnKÆ> 
1.20 Mjd$< mZY ,  s mZr21 s mZr2 N mM h +g 4K jd
1.21 ( p $< _mZ s Pa S  % 6 P K P # H  , g 4 jd K =  h
^K5a%* j,ByJXHh1 AKOA
1.22  y = $<  V : V n &  VPK 7=  
1.23 q 2 1K$℄mZ S B h 0q 2 [ 2 u K D ts <2 [ {: 2
u'Bh0K[2uK s<<K[rjs<[2WKxYKH:j1
-h)ljK g)lj  j 2W KxYK9qj {u2WK xYK K '
>2 u < j 24 2 
2 n[F0 N &
2.1 n[_F0 N &%
5z|u$%4Z+V!$%44E1u$Ugs{/ 
(xUg /1 ^E0Zfa5a 39105zZ+iR}
+iofa9 40 aMN1,-,i,-Ugs/(xUg1 / ^
E0Z91112

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
2.1 mZ V [/ M   / { v P ℄ M h u^℄mZ K EK
/M%pI$
(1) ℄mZzw h
(2) S |X )h
(3) _| h E e 
(4) ℄mZ v P 
(5) ℄mZXP 
(6) |B ' E3R p 
(7) e B
(8) a J : 6
(9) aOn 6 1: h
1.16

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

<

59

mZsS JbgJb3aK wPh( zw1R ℄mZ K^

<mZSnV~:1[Y G2 _ ba C>K = I Jbg
Jbz/k~,S gB? jq,Ka( (y/M ~,z ^1Zp jq ,
K a (K / M2 0℄XP Y 37 P3%  w K M h, 

b 2: ,gJmZ9,PaS VE DKD KKrmZPZ2 /
M %| / ( 5 a9 ,K \d
3 3Di L  y }FC (
3.1 ^n[}3D ^3Æ.3DC^0^3C^sd 3 h^3C^
2.2 

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
3.1 2C
℄mZ:℄22Ch}/Mh/ pvPMh:HZgVHZ
2C2 ℄2 /Mh/℄mZK|2C
_ y,VC~, gMh: y,2Ch}h/M /℄mZ
3.2 L  y i  C 
P 0ALy  " C%
a *** 4Lzf n 17'^ 
b *** 2szF!7'^

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
℄mZKSb,hK Kxh! BO/Kx  ! B~,
_vPSMh 

b 2: V,a 
K9,Gh[nG DK KrmZP( mZP KY
< _a  J 2 l { uD a+_ VK 9 , B h H m V <0  mZPI 5, 
a 
/V,Ka 
9,BhN "<V 
h9 gJb> 62 g
Jb jdkDJb 
3.3 L }C (
L }C (L2 [%-5zUB /97Q” z2sB” }15
' ^ 
K C}C (L3 v%!5z nug8

60

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

L T \}C (3L N i %-5zUB /97Qz>f9
YQu5' ^

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
~,_vPSMhKKg|B'K1Z' Kg|B'9U|B
'K M hK U|B 'K1 Z' KghU|B 'K M hK a+_ VV
, |B 'K1 Z Jb0 v P  M hK2 ujgJbBY >H M hK |B
'
KS[|B'K Jb0vPMhK2ujgJbBy,RpOA
gJb0M hK2 uhOABy , jJ  Jbf x 6  JbOA : Ku|
B'K  jBSy℄
℄P+"K%  y|B'1Kh,jK:Jbg4 
4 fC
4.1  K khK Cf C k
i= z %zs['6Nn 14 _Z$
10 W n)}+
2 Wqn1nu 
K  f CL N % PB%58xnuiBVN/y~G!HVi
BV;8iB /1gWlnu

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
4.1  Jb0 v P  M hK j h< y jgJbBe B gJbOqie B < y
K  Jb . ^K ^K: gJbg 4  Jb  aM $ OA K _ v P 
S ByM $ OAM $!,:   Jbg 4 gJb_M h M $ W Ss M $ r2
4.2 gJbJ  JbZp I ℄ae By Æ Y wba PJ M  x{gJ
b?OKeBu NeBmÆJb
4.3 gJb_ , RAM a Y<x  e B a ( E3bE>ay4 2:  
n
I9E <N
5 b )
5.2 r -7  lL b ) 
2 %* * *
3 3%#$z~ 
K q L3 L%5-(x5Ug /1u$Ug Z+i1l
KQu5z LKu$'
$ 
PHJK v  W  ;L3 L%1z }1TE(2K
z(3Ab'(4!{0 11Æ

b 1: XP S[PKSn$

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

61 

a(
5.1 5 aq ,K  Jb_ 5, q , & p K q ,6  1 Zq ,S nEq , KW
gh(Æ>X)gJb
5.2 q ,6  kK q , a ( _℄mZ S Za (   1 2 22 K  JbgJ
b_vPS}/ a(0mZMh:2KJb_ vP SOAa( _:=
v2K&OIJbuK a(IJbu
5.3  Jb kt, A Vs mZ K. _℄mZ S SZa (   1 2 22 K 
Jb_vPS}/ 92KI/q,6 kKq ,a (2K[2~,2 K 
" 21 / T 2   Jb,g / Tg h( Æ > X ) gJb
5.4 mZ s  S " b  JbgJb ~, K 3 1r2 KD  2  jq ,K a ( \
dmZ_ 2K' S7V>, Y,a(K, {w 2 0℄XPY
37 P3%  w K M h, 
5.5 {mZ S  / TM h 1J  JbZpu jq ,K a ( (K/{℄mZM hK g
JbKdkK3/r2
5.6  5 aq ,K ℄mZ S a (v< Jb kt, A Vs mZ K.  f
G2KJb_vPS}/ 

b 2:XCq,a(K2jH w H 9 J_> | PJ K hmZ:9
, 95 a> , 9 ,S q , a ( O_pbJ Æ/K |b ^ K ' S  :2 K 
Y hH N K w H 9 S npbpÆq , a (K 9 ,' 2 Ko_ Æq
, a (K pq , mZ S GR
7 gEK2 %
3 3%

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
7 f D J ,
7.1 f D J ,K  1 2 2_ v P S } / 
7.2 gJb\dmZ  y K X ) g h( Æ > f D J , $xa ( a ( _! 6 
$ l  1 h VD2 ux " t
7.3 f D J , 0  Jbf K,  / [,  , 4ha ( \dmZ  y K<_  /
, _=  :H3(  /a (? B 2 f D J ,  < #GM % bE "3 ha!=.N
K :H !, _#G !, x 48 q 2S ja ( O ~ jd_  Jb1 Y wb  Jb
g 4  "K imZn  [A 'jd_gJbgJbg 4: A

7.4 gJbpf D J ,  E B& 7 Kg h( Æ > X ) Jb I JbZ
pxdd(K:mZMhK&dK2Ks&dKr2
7.5  Jb g/gJbz  
w f Z 2K f D J , 
8  K )
5

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

62 

K 1N iL3 viPBy_hJ)% 
1- B W gX - Q L PBFy_ L3 v%:}+VZ$fa 8.1
8.1

G8C1h3 a/1h8&s['6Nn 7 _ 
2Æ-,L b b 7Z l " F- B WL3 vW^ iPB% 
.h->Z+V}+V1 .h#jOxn1rEs['6N
n 7 _Z$(> Z+VZ$mf>i/Q .h_Uu)#
u}+VG->f t}+Vg 
3- B W 0 GlL Y G tY 3 viPB%5zAF .h 
.Gmf)}+VÆ,*88f7Q 1yfN14>C 
4b WQ i W J:Z QL C 3 v%5UB /ugZq 
5  K H -L- , & v  L2 [iy_ 3 v% 
X{fs['6Nn 7 _( 
78fs['6Nn 14 _ 
6 ^ 0*}
L^ GPB%Z+VA.h~"jM
8mH.8m 
I 
7f C &  i  \ U3 v%s6Nn 3 _ 
8{ f-- B W
W J:Zi Z D p 1$ p 1W1N
p+ v2CL N)%5z08u/2Æ}+VÆZh℄,b i 
Z+V`/*8 7Q g^}+V GUt}+V
Z+>-$z~xQZ+VxC^Z+Vg 8tN}`5
iB-! 
9- N i K ' L Æ.)%Ug4EMuPl

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
8  Jb(
8.1  Jb0 v P  M hKS nh 2 ux^I R (:
(1) G , i V ;"H, A VP (:, A V fW , P_sx
d( j/kgDf_a D'
(2) , +a a 6Y k, A V u! Ev P  M hV℄ M %,  u K 
O'
(3) sX , A V /\^ FkK X F gE v P  M hK, A VSKh O Fk  
,VeKOM%, uKLX'
(4) jgJbB , A VK a VP h V I9Y P   PK5 T j'
(5) G ,, " % E - , + % u h W2  V VV a SFk X
R(UPK?uX(%/gJb PK%{u'
(6) T h  ℄ /+| K℄ g h( Æ > ÆgJb>RAF'

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

63 

/gJbh[6>eB%h[T '
(8) z e,, A Vb V I9Yh Y C
o 0# o 0J  0M
o* u1
BK M(g 4 3 : '
(9)  Jb& K -(~, _ v P S M h 

b 2:a  | 2    |bx^ K (V 'BÆ S |b K, P2 u P
oKrDmZPZ2/T I v |bx^ K(pNpÆS |b 5,  :  K
[,gEHHKrD_|On S Æ/Ym℄ H Iv_ |PaS _|bX
P|hRA{7 g/T[yaJ OnKfDKrD _|OnV ThK f
D p8 SKS nl 2 09 ,   M !,u xt OnSpr_ 
|Pa S On K r_|On(pr
8.2  K qhK H -L )% 
1 .h e&#`k|VbZ+Vu}+V#e 
H4e ^1s2 <hx)t}`5iB-! 
2GMx/%_GXTn,$#}+1/f)~ M

nP8C$XT)Hu+V1/fsA5Ug}~ M
nP8C 
$}+VN{x1/f/oÆ}+V/5z #}+
'
1GXRN{x

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
8.2  Jb g 8.1   < (pgJbG , ~, _ v P S M h  :   J
bg4 
8.3  Jb Vs  8.1  fr2BG  A41ÆgJbh^% *K  Jb p Hg
Jb3%* AA4K 

b 2:M}Jbx^ V_  |&x^OpÆ S |bx^K f DS np 
1SKSnZ2S g V':[D9#(/TyKSnp2pÆS|bg
t Kr_|On
9 hK )
9.1 hK 1N i3 viPBy_hJ)% 
1\ QQ MiV3 (
U# L hK y_ L \C 3 v%5 
z:IWz8x1sZ+Vu}+VGh℄z8x ^s 
wNs /Z8&Z+VR}+V=N4Eus 
2C\ P L2 [Fy_ 3 v%z#MNg5a9 10
a8C N9N|{z0-D99e[ Z8z~0
(7)

64

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

3h5-/ON)F 7 Xv -  0L keiPB%}+VÆ2s
Nd7Q R34Q 1rEt}&\?/_U RZ$3Æs _
b$4~,b%'LHZ$i? 
4kK C L Hi # + 0 'F -L PB%:Z+VZ$ 50m 3 
4 &'%kHzz->s GUt}`5iB-! 
5hK H -L 4 - B W Yi - g : -QY )%
a. Ur'8fXEfNf}+VG'f(
b. .hUr qI-}+V'4\(
c. E oH*8
7Q 1>C}+VA) (js}Zh
℄17E .
~me8 ^GZz1t}`5iB-! 
6fyb_ ~ N L  d PBF ; h 5 %zy86}+VGX 
4rEMN|{z1x,by8^Z+VG,it 
7-BW
W J:Zi Z D p 1$ p 1W1N p+ v2
CL NPBF ; h 5 %5a9 8.1-(8) 8' 
8-SB;, #L PB%}+V2sNd
7Q R34Q 1>C
'GUt}+V& 
9-NihK ' L Æ.)%z2sHz}!d.7Q 
8xbl4&1AP,z 10"MN

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
9 gJb(
9.1 gJb0 v P  M hKS nh 2 ux^gI($
(1) d  Jbp_  [ PP LhU2T" K' S x^ , e  [1/a r
<K[Ja(Tfx:Jbg4"K:'
(2) ja ( B \ TP | a> | [ E[> | \[O'
(3) daOBh 6 Wu ,  :  K/  ,  j.NM'
(4) 0 v P  M hKyJ hOAj  JbB , A V Gh " * K/ &E ,  J
bg4"K:'
(5) # \!U 3 h 9 , A V X, fgEMMh.N " = PK 9 ,
B h 0B h G , 3 X (g h( Æ > X ) Jb Jbg 4  "K: }gJ
bjdh^K{u'
(6) eqa a Jb - &gJb0 v P  M h jexa K M(M
u"%gJb :,g^ 'JbOAgJb#G? !,M Kah[
K imZn  ~, _ v P S M h '
2

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

65

0 v P  M h &` , A VV I9Yh Y C
o 0# o 0J  0M
o
*u1BKM('
(8) M %, A V :+ N mM " 9 ,K 3B h &: , RA %Dv P  M h
K OAg 4 }  } # 3B h h^ K % * h  '
(9) gJb& K -(~, _ v P S M h 
9.2 gJb Vs  9.1  fr2h^  Jb% *K gJb p H  Jb3% * 

b 2: |2V'\da+_ V a
 9, G  Bh :[ DK  S|bx
NK+(SnM}_ÆY Z2/THHKrOn' 
NW%xPV<%5
10 ? } \
10.l hK C -  0 \-  - 5i? } \ L3 v%
}+VZ85z5P1 (jsR #MNg1&s6 14
_ 
z~PY1&%}+VZ8^ 7 _ 
10.2 WHb T 4? } \ L PB%
5aN

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
10 > | [
10.1 gJb0 v P  M hK j  ,  / [ha> | [ Ba ( a
( 0 v P  M hK2 u,gTf1By j p* TfSBy h( p K R Z
p
10.2 VGa S6 a < > ,  K gJb0  JbBe B E3 PK2
u06aqK>|[  fGSn~,_vPSMh 
10.3 gJbl 0a ( Tf K > | [  /, ! a a ( > |K y4q u 
a5a>|/JTfK>|[ N2 gJb0a(KOAByj >!, Ja( T
fx6}gJbK}BG5a>|/>|[ N gJb(K℄j >!,Byim
Zn 
13 
B5
13.1 - N i  
B L Æ.>  %
r}+V-{.1X C

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
13  A4
(7)

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

66

}IR}h^ A4Ja(Tf [A$
(1)  Jb V 0 v P K M h Be B EsP'
(2)  Jb V 0M h j 'a a: a > | D:,  V C>'
(3) a ( 0mZM h B+ <_ u  P G:,  V C>'
(4)  [wha J qi'
(5) Y bS6 gJb}VV a Vh^V ' [OP 8 q 2 '
(6)  y = '
(7) v P S M h 1a ( Zp A K -=  
13.2 gJb_ 13.1  = " x 14 K S ℄A4 K  g h( Æ > ja ( ByO ~  
a(_VDO~x 14 KS,gTf* ,TfSByjpR ZpA 
sN 2:/ T S |b_ S |xB ,  / [> | [ K2 uha (Ku2 ug
EVGa2 6a>|[ KBOA
s
WDe
15 b QK
15.2 ,iSz{0a *** z{0'_P,C

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
15 a PJ
15.1 a PJ  <%D zw h M hKPJ |PJ | K  h gKg1U KPJ yF 
h| \d}gJb}G:aPJ%DMhKPJ|gJbg4Mjd
15.2 ~, a PJ   w ~, Zp K a PJ y/:# h + : E}  h^
K % * jd , g 4 ~, ojd ~, d jd < g 4 
16 y4h % 
16.1 gJbf  0  |B ' h  [e B OAgEa ( \dmZ  y K<_, 
"2!aa(Ky4yF y4yFBt3P
16.2 a PJ%  D M h | K  < a ( YJ  ROAgJb;{h \  , 
gJb0a(KOA;{h\,4DNmMh|}gJb}%DMh| 
gJbg4;{h\,K: ,A
16.3 a (K y4yF b ,   C>p b ,   C>y4yFm 2 
bC,K:gJbg4 {-u b C, KimZn Jbg4 [ 
A 
16.4 }a (<_* 41 - 6 gJb} "K imZn    Jbg 4 
17 ebi T vG W
17.1 - N iT vG W % D*'&hRb&hzqm

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
13.1

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

67 

dahSuFV
17.1 afWdP1 %Dv P  M hKS uF V gJb> y_d
1SuFV& 48 q2gh(Æ>X)a(FV X)JdhSuFVKSnFV2u
h V℄ gJbWF V ℄ n F V ma ( _F V ℄ n $xgJb >dh
d(,FVmgJb_a(WhK2uSjx\FV 
17.2 a (  V 0 2 >F V _F V & 24 q 2 g h( Æ > jgJbByA OAA
VOP 48 q2 a(V0g2uByA OA>FV gJb /F
V a ( gfF V ℄ n 
17.3 Ja ( F V a PJN m|B ' h  [e BP OAF V 24 q 2 xa ( 
_FV℄n$R a(eJf FV℄n gJb >d1d(,
19 b U T
19.5 U T ;  L h 5 %'&hA ' 
z&hAo}+V}&)3
ÆAt}`5iB-!

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
19 a T S
19.1 ~, M h O T S K T S S n/gJbgJ K . |' [Y G 
19.2  W. | afW 6 :( e T SPgJb /T S_ T S& 48 q 2 g h(
Æ>X)a( X)JTSSn2uV℄ gJbWTS℄n JbdgJbO
A TSBlOPTSma(_TS℄n$
19.3 a (  V 0 2 &i T S _s <T S& 24 q 2 g h( Æ > jgJbByA O
AA VOP 48 q2 a(V0g2uByA OA&iTSgfTS℄
n
19.4  W. | afW( e ?nT SP Jb /T S_ T S& 48 q 2 g h(
Æ > X ) gJbX ) J T S S n2 uV℄ h  gJb K OAgJb0OA&`W 
(TSm~,_TS℄n$
19.5 ~, jd
(1) %  [} T S %  D F V OA JbOA  [ 6  j [gJb0 j x
K [ \ . |  Jbg 4  j [;{E \ . |K N : h  imZn   [ 
A
(2) %  W K h} T S %  D F V OA h W#%Y , j \ % I 1 , gJ
b j;{h\.| WgJb#%K gJbg 4 ,1 \%I ;{E\ .
|K:  ,A' W  Jb#% K  Jbg 4r f  imZn   [ 
A
(3) %gJb , } T S %  D F V OAgJb0a ( OA \ . | h T Sg
4\ . | h T S K:  ,A
(4) T S : {eJ  _mZn -S 1 v P ℄ M h uo  Jbg 4 
17

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

68 

a(_TSmx_TS℄n$TS-w 24 q2xR a(eJf
T S℄ n gJb d( , 1G , q X (
19.6 _ PT S_aqF V x  Jb jp  JbOA_aqF V &>1 
OgJbrm2 IgJbZp℄$jqzw

b 2:/TSuFVK$ gE":K,,  
3FW%
21 /O 2 
21.1 4E{ }+Ug^ 3 [ UBV4!}BV'"j h87
y8\y8^}BVWwg}eVl'RE8i4z2s1^N^
>R7'^S 9 1Lzf 9!xF?`1L7 
GX
21.2 5zUAVN.wk7)}+V:WA) (js}VI,bN
VL1 GUt}`iB-!
21.3 5zQuX S{L?z}+V:WA) (js}S 
V0 kWZ,b GZzt}`5iB-!

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
20 .N , /y4
20.1 gJb# \ a
 .N " =39 , B h <0.N| /, " 2 !
a U.Ny4bE\ 5,K q u y4#GlO K .N 1  !, o{ D .%g
Jb.N!,=h^D.Kjdh}"K:gJbg4 
20.2  Jb  _ , A VK (bE>.N7  - K .N j Jb
I OAgJb # .N9 ,K B h > , }  Jb} BGK .N D .  Jbg 4 [ 
jdE"K:
21 .N 1 
21.1 gJb_ n= Wea Y k V I9 F $C1 SulZlR V gE W #
XOFeC,2 ,s< &ja (By.N1  !, Ja( f x5, 1 !
,:   Jbg 4 
21.2 5, R(U_ 4 x TM S, V  V e : E :  x TX
4 0 },  2 gJb_ , & 14 Kg h( Æ > X ) a ( By[ K .N 1  !
, Ja ( f x 5,   Jbg 4 .N 1  !,: 
22 D . ,
22.1 "\* E -.N D .gJb03B h9 J  O3  X ) a ( 
Z20!U3OA, D.jd,g4"K:
(5)

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

69 

JbgJb D .jd  w 2 0 !U 3 K f h, 

b 2:/Ta.N9,KaE? DfOn,> 

22.2 

>ZyWv
23 n[o  F f
23.2 ^n[o  $1 i on[ -? U i  
1n[o T K LF Q (
%

℄D*4ÆZwSJI)m-S2!oHiB
-! 10%J 10%7:N+
Az-f )H:o+
Az-fi 

F Q ;  L \ - %iBVwg)v(NPC>i^HAiB
-!}-R)D.M
_TiBV1-!o|T+J1\uQxt
QutAzD>N!Ab
F Q (
hvn[o f- %C}+VZh℄Ab+>
oQuT$z~RZ+VxQg^g
24 b; b 
K khK ; b b L3 vi8  2xn[o   L b 7 %
Z+V4EUg^ 14 [ :}+VgOUg!#V 20% 16$g+ 
z
"b L3 vb 7 %zg-Ug!#V 60%  96$ 
rz+H+? 5% 1z{0,TK

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
23 mZn  E e
23.1  |a K mZn    JbgJb\d S |X )hSKS |n_zw hS M h 
6 |a K mZn    JbgJb\da: h _zw hS M h 
23.2 mZn  _zw hS M h xdkY ,  I  j wI R w Z T h mZn K,> 
~, _ v P S M h # S Y Z $
(1) 0 h nmZ~, _ v P S M h mZn  JV KE P ' h E P :  K [ , 
_M hKE P ' S mZn  ℄ e E P ' gu K mZn e,  < _ v 
PSMh 
(2) e nmZmZn  d ~,K M he ~, _ v P S M h mZn e 
, 

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

70

^℄iu7mZmZnJ^℄hu7H< ~,_vPSMh^℄#^h
u7K[, 
23.3 e nmZ S mZn Ke }J  $
(1) x  ! Bh S b , hK3 ! +w bmZn  '
(2) ahn9 ,    K n e '
(3) Y bS6 gJb}VV a Vh^ K V ' [OP 8 q 2 '
(4) ~, M hK -}
23.4 gJb < _ 23.3  = " x 14 K S  e }7 Æ g h( Æ > X ) a (  
a(Tfe7Æx( imZn /aZ 'a a(VDgJbX)x 14 K
S ,TfSBy j pR eJZp h f e 
24 a: a
5a:aK ~,<_vPSMhJbjgJb: aaK2uhyÆ 
sx0MhK2uha6f !:a2ul%MhKsj & 7 KJb0
Mh:a gJb_Mh:a2u 7 KxjJbyOA:aKX) JbVDX)xh 
V0OA:a gJb _yX)x 7 KV>,JbMha-jjgJb
'a  aK03 :g 4 Mjd

b 2:E PJ p' a K a,> 2 u H _|b3 K Dh  <S n 4
! bD_|bKOn+ 
25 b K Ug
25.1 hK kb ) Cfyb K P L3 v%
5z9D>zMN}+V:Wb9r^ 3 [ 4*9{x1
Q
1|{z0-98z~z~Æ}+V;8|{z0-^ 7 [
MN0RPY

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
25 a JK Tf
25.1 gJb0 v P  M hK2 uja ( Bexa PJK O ~ a ( ! D O
~ x 7 K S 0  [e B f 5 exa JgIZ[ J_[ J & 24 q 2 X ) gJbgJ
b [JBt3P k b&igJb VD X) x&i[ J [J-Nt( 
an'aK\d
25.2 a (VD gJbO ~ x 7 K S >[ J Y 8 KgJbO ~S s RK a
J J R ZTf( an 'aK \da ( 0M h2 uX ) gJbG: gJb
V &i[ J [ J -N(t
25.3  gJbOy  [e B' h}gJb}h^ %  K a J a ( ,[ J 

b 2:/ Ta JK [ J, 2 u\_|b /M a9 ,S   %D _|bg e
(3)

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

71

KPJP LhKg ,  PJ F|B hK  h | K f D a ( %F V m K r 

\d 

b ? }(b
- N iL b ? }(L-? i 3 v%
5z9D>zMN, gzzZ, fa9 26 a'

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
26 a > |'a
26.1 _Tf[ J -Nx 14 K S  JbjgJb 'a a  > |0M h2 u 
Jb !K:a /a>|Z -
26.2 ℄XP Y 23 PT heK mZn  Y 31 Paw eK mZn  E -P 
S M hK imZn  /a > |Z e'a 
26.3  JbOPM hK'a2 u 'a a > |gJb j  Jb  yOA a
K X )  Jb VD gJbX ) xh V 0OA a  /gJbz  $ j A a zwJ
gJbZpx A 'a zw / TA 'aK2 uh  [ J -NTfxY 15 K[
aK03 :
26.4  Jb0mZM h'a a > |~, # % ^A a zwBG, ( 
>gJb V >,   Jbg 4 Mjd

b 2:/Ta>|K'a,> 2u
26

6P P?)R
27  K  Q X
27.4  K  L  Q X0Z !  O3 - N i K h 5 keqJ% 
1 Q X 7 o0Z !  O %Z+V}&!  
2 Q X L~[ C dQKQ M0Z !  O %Z+Vf
aoN 
3hK / f W  L  Q %gh℄CZ+VR}+VMN
l 
4E 5 W^ 0Z !  O %Z+V<-uD qC8< 
5 zK 0Z !  O %$Æ*0UuZ+V<.h$Æ*
0nuDZ+VM& 
6E 5 3 v0Z !  O %Z+VfaoN
27.6  K  Q X L . - %

72

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Z+V$Æ1S2s3!}+V5zUB /B-!S2s3uD
}1B-!BwMN:iD>g

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
27  Jb P W
27.1 5   Jb P W K ~,  < M h Jb P W K Y ( ℄m
Zee 2Y JJbPWK}Z B yJ 6nPJPL
B2uhV℄ 
27.2  Jb0Y M hKS nB P WjgJbB= } m %/  PJ
j Jb_+ P W D 4& 24 q 2 g h( Æ > X ) gJbgJb k b/  Jb 
Z:℄ 
27.3  Jb K  P WgJb k b&i: ℄ xgJbr  M9 Jb 'a [
M9:}gJb}"l*%gJb jpH 
JbX ) gJb: ℄ gJb j P W K M9l* %  Jb j
27.4  Jb K  P W/Y  N2  Jbg 4 3jd Jbg 4 jd K
fGSn~,dIR=_vPSMh 
(1)  P W 6 n/Y  N   Jbg 4 +n9'
(2)  P W K}Z B PJP L/Y  N gJb bm! V M9 
JbVy,AV\#%'
(3)  Jb K  P B /Y  N J  JbZpgJb . e V
 
Jbg4[:'
(4) D 4 V℄ /Y  N   Jb jV E Y  <hV℄ $
(5)  yJ %Y M hKyJ2   Jb %Y M hyJ2  Jb
j y<Vy,AV '
(6) D 4 2 ud%Y M h2 u  Jbg 4 } "K M9 : 'D 4 2 ul%Y
MhK2uJbpHh^KgJb%* h^ A4K [A 
27.5  Jb K  P W : &gJb jyF1 T Fm K  I: yF
1TF:Jbg4 
27.6  Jb P W K - , ~, _ v P S M h 
28.l hK $& Q X L N i %
s3B-!S2 snu}nP1WTsRZ+VPY1S2oÆ
}+VV+'6 14 [fhZ+V$z~Y{Y!^i{V+HT$ 
z~mU^i{z{IND>}+VV+1GS2s3o
Æ-E>f
U B ~mZ.NUS2s3z}}+V
a/e?tgÆ}&Z+VW ,1TC

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
28 gJb#% P W

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

73

gJb j#%PWK 0vPMhE[h3|OA#%B 
=}m%/ PWPJ jgJb_PWD4& 24 q2X)a(:℄ 
28.2 gJb#% K  P W/  [1|OA N2 gJb0a ( OA K2 uVy
, A V \ #% N mOA K = } g 4  "K:   A4 K  ,A
28.3 gJb#% K  P W_ : &gJb0a (K OA>yF1 T Fm
K  I: yF1 T F : gJbg 4 
28.4 a ( RgJb#% :  N m  [h|OA K  P W 2 OAgJb
j^ ;{1\#%gJbg4"K:A4K ,A
28.5 gJbO :  .  P2 Ja ( f x V:   q| K mZn ~,
gh(Æ>wh 
28.6 gJb#% K  P W Jb I<h" =J1  

b 2:/Ta 
uJb#% K P W/a 5 a=  yr 2Kjdb
E,G /TgJb#%KWPKOAFVE9,Bh 
8%YE$
Z+VsfaoN
}+VZs+
)S n}u?s1Ab~ )v 
1rEWS nMN FT :WA/-3Æt
sV1g
H`/$z~Z+Vg^i{ g4s1t}`z
D>Ab
}+VZ1sUh21HZ+V}/1Z+V4 
Qu  Uh2GZz1t^}Qu1 50% /6 g 
}+V

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
29 a  [w
29.1 ,  S Jb  a  [>wB& 14 Kg h( Æ > jgJb  yw
X) wOP[|1uK 
B72 JbOB 9 , h -3\ 
4u[6BwK[eB h/ gJb0 a (yK wX )
E3OA>IROKw$
(1)  j a3 <K | z 8Y I hn '
(2) q|mZ S M hK a J '
(3) j w3a K,  2 uh%'
(4) -3awO Ke i(
}wBGmZnKq|Eh^KgJb%* Jbg4 A4K [A
29.2 ,  S gJb I a  [>w}gJb w  [ "K: h 
BG Jb K4 !% * gJbg 4 A4 K  ,A
28.1

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

74

gJb_ ,  S By K m ,
w  E D [e B 1 ,  / [ K  j E  
P  W K  Ja ( ZpJZp  j 1 2 gJbg 4  "K:  
pHJbK3%* A4K ,A 
a(Zp#gJbm,
w+"K:h/ IKV tJbgJb ℄M h
<4 1 < d
30  -w
mZsSJbOAwaPJ|E" -5Pw~,z/k
31 T h wn 
31.1 gJb_awT h x 14 K S Bywan K O ~ Ja ( Tfx e m
Zn wmZn0IR,>$
(1) mZ S e K %wa K n0mZe K nwmZn  '
(2) mZ S  ( Æ%wa K n g& ( ÆnwmZn  '
(3) mZ S  K 1 ( Æ%wa K ngJbBy K<K wnJa ( T
fx6
31.2 gJb_ ~, T h wx 14 K S ja ( Bywan  O ~2 R h fw 
EmZnKw
31.3 a ( _ VD wan  O ~- j 14 K S ,gTfa ( ( <, T
f2  wanO~%-j 14 KxR wanO~eZTf
31.4 a ( ZpgJbBy K wn  0℄XP Y 37 P3%  w K M h, 
31.5 a ( Tfqi K awn  (  imZn  /a  Z 'a 
31.6 }gJb  } BGK awgJb(KOA  imZn  

b 2:/Ta 
u[w K By,KWE [w" t%gJb_
a 
SBym, VtK <0Yha6<ÆgJb
29.3

pt%DeWkw
32 rG W
32.1 hK Crf L C i %
(1) qn1=y>C%
a  }`s ^}+VAZ+VZ$1 nup
nQZ8Z+V
b  }s:I1n0s}+VA n
xfnH+gT
Z+Vg14fq^}+VqnQ8Z+V
c  }S-s=U- n~/qnÆ}+V(jF
xyqnH}&3Æt. 
2zq^ 2 9 }+VW{x 2 Wqn3Æ1=yt}`5

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

75 

iB-!
32.2 T vb L(
ir 3 v:

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
32 qF V
32.1 afWqF V PgJb0KgaqF V 3B h j  JbBx  q 
PEqFVO~ ~,MhgJbBqeK <_v PSMhBKj
hy 
32.2  Jb VD qF V O ~ x 28 K S  / 3 6 F V _F V x 14 K S Æ,f
1ByjpgJb0OAj g4 }h^jK:
32.3  Jb VD gJb K qF V O ~ x 28 K S  / F V 1F V x 14 K S B
yjpR qFVO~eZf 
32.4 aqF V XPgJbqF V O ~K j 5 aqj a0  Jb
OAjxXPqFVK 5aqj gJbjxB?JbFVKj 
32.5  Jb VD gJbqF V O ~ x 28 K S  / F V Y 29 Kg 4 aM9E
Y1pujd
32.6 S ua K' hq 2 u~, _ v P S M h  F V a%0℄XP 
32.1 E 32.4  G , 
32.7 }? } JbOA <6 a1a } fq K ~,℄ $ j} fq 
zw/T~,jdhan'a, 
32.8 aJqF V 1qF V XP K  Jb I:  Jb+ :  2   
"KPJ DE - D  Jbg 4 jd
33 q-
33.1 aqF V O ~ J  Jbf x 28 K S gJbj  JbBq-O ~ Ex 
K - P ~, 0  zw h M hK mZn  E v P  M hK mZn eS n>
aq-
33.2  Jb VD gJbB K q-O ~ E- P x 28 K S >f 5 Æ,Tf1
By j p JbTfq-O ~ xX ) JGjgJb 'a aq-n  
gJbVDq-nx 14 KS qaaJb
33.3  Jb VD q-O ~ E- P x 28 K S ( <,  'a aq-n   
Y 29 K0gJbZ j 03{'a o)an K3 :g 4 Mjd
33.4  Jb VD q-O ~ E- P x 28 K S  'a aq-n  gJb
g~Jb'a-n Jb_VDq-O~E-Px 56 KSh'aK g
Jb g/Jbzw ha nS ggJb?b, K h a\h gJ
b℄ha n1 h KnKaH
33.5 aqF V O ~ J  Jbf x 28 K S gJb V j  JbBq-O ~
ExK-P h^aq-VC>1aq-n VE2'a J
bOAaaK gJb<a 'JbOAaaK gJbg4M9jd
33.6  JbgJb  aq-n " w 2 0℄XP Y 37 P3%  w K M
h, 

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

76 

PJM
34.1 gJb0 x  ! B1Kg3%a PJ M K 3B h   a Jb : 
K a_ PJ M S g 4PJ Mjd
34.2 PJ M( K5, gJb_aqF V- &/  Jb$ jPJ M h (
℄mZe
34.3 PJ M hKh O S nJ  $
(1) PJ Mf DS nE ' '
(2) PJ M '
(3) PJ Mjd'
(4) PJ M7 K'a, 

b 2:0  a ? 4 K 9 , B h Y?_aqx H P S  q P J  q 
eBD\
?4<E? ℄P/TqeKK(KjdbE[:,, 
34

\Æax/<qP
35 N
35.l ^n[ T 4&  K N L gHkeqJ% 
1^n[YQ Z 24 QN i K Nh 5L Nke%Z+V8
}&fa8CGXx8CÆi[1[,b_g}+VUg! 
18K 
2^n[YQ Z 26 4  N i K Nh 5L Nke%Z+V
8 }&fa8CGXxXfa 26.4 8CZ+V8ÆA8C1 
0PY^9 15 _,b_g}+VUg! 18K 
3^n[YQ Z 33 3  N i K Nh 5L Nke%Z+V
8 ?fa 33.3 R 33.4 LNxZ+V-qD>- D>2 28
_  *NgzD> 29 _,b_g}+VUg!
18K 
4- N iL K Æ.Nke:Ug4El
35.2 ^n[ T 4&hK N L gHkeqJ% 
1^n[YQ Z 14 2 NihK Nh 5L Nke% 88
}+Vbhu_:Z+VgUg! 18Kmv*kV 
2^n[YQ Z 15 l  N i hK Nh 5L Nke% 88
}+VÆtTMN0)-iBVAiB /}}
1{0BiB /
}}
U~mBWTM^ZN-UBN8e ^2(} 

1
10000

1
10000

2
10000

1
1000

: R VC 0>z="%v

77

2 

zWTM^L-UB1}+V:Z+VgUg! - 1 
8Kmv*kV 
3- N iL hK Æ.Nke:Ug4El

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
35 M
35.1  JbM<" I R = 2 $
(1) ℄XP Y 24 PB DK Jb0 2'a a: a '
(2) ℄XP Y 26.4  B DK Jb0mZM h'a a  BG, (  >'
(3) ℄XP Y 33.3  B DK Jb( <,  'a aq-n  '
(4)  Jb s mZr210mZM hs r2 K -=   
Jbg 4 Mjdp H} MÆgJbh^ K JX% * AA4 K  ~, _
vPSMhJbpHgJb% *K [ ,1  Jb<'a M7KyÆ 1[ , 

35.2 gJbM<" I R = 2 $
(1) ℄XP Y 14.2  B DK }gJb} V 0  zw h M hK qj 1a ( Z
pAK q'
(2) ℄XP Y 15.1  B DK }gJb}a PJ%  D zw h M hKPJ |'
(3) gJb s mZr210mZM hs r2 K -=  
gJbg4MjdpH} MÆJbh^K% * ~, _vP SM hgJb
p H  Jb% *K [ , 1 gJb <'a M7 KyÆ 1[ , 
35.3 Y , Mx℄ Y , OAM , d( s mZ 2 M , g 4r Mjdxhd
(smZ
36 ( p
36.1 < Y , j ℄ Y , By( p2 O < ( p, 3( pD  "2K t % d
36.2  Jb V 0mZM hs  P K fr21 "# 4gE  Jbg 4 jd K
-=  h^ A4h1gJb V E 2ID mZn  EgJb K -JX% * gJ
b 0IRa%gh(Æ>jJb(p $
(1) ( pD  " x 28 K S ja ( y( p pjX ) '
(2)  y( p pjX ) x 28 K S ja ( ByAE h1HJX% *K ( p O
~ E3 P '
(3) a ( _ VD gJb K ( p O ~ h3 P x% 28 K S Æ, '^ 1OAgJ
b>Yq(p,h%d'
(4) a ( _ VD gJb K ( p O ~ h3 P x 28 K S , '^ 1  gJb(>
YOAR hf(peJf '
(5) <h ( pD j(> 2 gJb < $ ja ( y( p pj_( pD  XM
x 28 KS ja((pK 3 PhX ( pO ~ ( p'^ a%/34Bh[
Z
36.3 gJb V 0mZM hs  P K fr21 "# 4Æ  Jbh^JX% * 
5
1000

10
1000

78

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Jb 0 36.2 ThK2WjgJbBy(p 

b 2:BhyM,KjdgE g 4K xN_q K |2 p -V ': 
KM YKjyGKr℄P
37  x
37.l - N i ^n[` t Qb T#L x -=E {  0l{ 
_ L % 
1*** N~ GAE( 
2f 0_ L 1J S-? 0l%Z8 **** R0uR

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
37  w
37.1  JbgJb_ s mZ 2" w gh/1 OA3 h 9 e /<D b 
Ih/e/1 h/e/^K ~, g_vPSMhIYZ,> /kw$
Y Y Z /k ,> $~,% ^ _ zwjM hK_ E%  ? _ '
YZ /k ,> $j9GK K b , K
37.2 " wx{ 6 yRI R = K ~,s d( s mZMj ,  A (M`
exa$
(1) 6, M BG mZTe( s ~, zwV >, '
(2) e /OAV >, 3 ~, ! a '
(3) _ :#OAV >, '
(4)  KOAV >, 
\I7z
38 b = K
38.l ^b  K [qhK = K L b%

℄D*zx}+Vo{u+u+z18x )h℄ ^}+V
AiB / Z
= K -  7  %}+VAiB / Z

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
38 a < J
38.1 gJb0 v P K M h< J+gJ K  < a/ < J 6 $ j< JmZ6 J 
JbZpgJb I gJa K dk << J
38.2 gJb I gJ K Na y JÆ-bS I gJ K Na + /gxg
< J K1 r <  y JÆ-b

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

79 

a < J V /{gJbdkjd/r2gJb_ < JA Vkt [9 , bE
M % ℄mZ Ks < J 6  K dkM 1 g | BG a%T1Æ  Jbh^ -% * 
gJbg4A,jd
38.4 < Jan  gJb/ < J 6 - JbJgJbZp I gdkÆ > j <
J6'a Zaf

b 2:Mha<JK' E<J6l S|b__|S ByHm I&/
, gt < J K 9 ,K rgJ 6  K' 
39   z >
39.l - 4&  z >L N i %
fa nP1N{w(x7 Æ ~m
!z+\ 4 =/ ~+\ 48 =1}-! 6.5 Æ~m18_ 5zGA
8SQ G7Q !fCZ1eo35UgoNHz}1N{
w(

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
39  y =
39.1  y = J  }y  n~ S8 0G  1 - 6 JbgJbjdh^ K R
u-YgEvPMhKE ./tP XYT
39.2  y =D  " xgJb 9 JX ) a ( _ = + V E K PI8#G !
, E = | % *  Jbz m gJb#G !, a ( f  < aV ,  K gJba
V, y=D-wx 48 q2SgJbja(XOaT=h%*= E:[:,
h^K: y=Dj(" gJb  7 Kja(O~YaT= 
y=-wx 14 KS gJbja(B:,h^:K>O~E3P 
39.3 } y =D  BGK: EA4 K   ~, 0I R,< g 4 $
(1) a℄ K %T}a%T BGY wbbE  h!=% * gEV E, A V %
,  K  P h 2 . |K W K %T  Jbg 4 '
(2)  JbgJbbE   +_ 6  jg 4 [ : '
(3) gJb:  W%EV% * gJbg 4 '
(4) V ugJba ( OA a _ , A VK lO K 9 , bEEMbE K:  
Jbg 4 '
(5) a+: ,  ^:   Jbg 4 '
(6) A4 K  [A
39.4 }mZY , lA s mZx "  y =K  V& {lA s  ,K [jd
40 NQ
40 6 ^b - N i `N T oqJ% 
1 K `N T o%LQz9eVVvkI Uf 
K qhK H -L NQ E g%.
38.3

80

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

2hK `N T o%v1Uf .h 1v01VvkI Uf
C -/t01xkI

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
40 MP
40.1 as& Jb
 ah , A VSK bEE Y wbbE "3 !=G ,
MP'aMP:
40.2 V E, A VS %a K  P h 2 . | W  JbG , MP 'a MP : 
40.3  Jb g 3MP D fpgJbG , :   Jbg 4 
40.4 gJb D P(U K2 G , pu  TMP , A VS bE "3 !
=h,:WG,MP'aMP:
40.5 MP D . "2  JbgJbjdE = #GlO K!, 1> 1 | % * 
40.6 fG_M S nh[3jd JbgJb_ v P S M h 

b 2:/T~,MPKSn' gEJb HHpgJbG ,MPE[K p S
n
41 5 N
41.3 ^b - N i5 N E gqJ% 
1K khK C t N 5 N5 N -? %Ug! 10% 1g&,H
Z$&,Ug/5Ug / 
2hK k  K C t N 5 N5 N -? %Ug! 10% 1L8&,
HZ$&,Ug/Ug / 
3- N iL Æ. 5 N E g%

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
41 4 M
41.1  JbgJb M N (s mZ[BgI 4 M$
(1)  JbjgJbB s M 4 M0mZM h'a an  E s mZM hK -r2
(2) gJbj  JbB s M 4 M0mZM hs  P K fr2
41.2 Y , Mx℄ Y , OAB 4 M KY wbg 4 [jd
41.3 B 4 M KS n,> h[3jd JbgJb{_ v P S M h uZ 4 M ,
/4M,$j4MmZ( ℄mZe

b 2:/T4MKyÆ 5a|2 |bY?IpD K_ |S M h l
G,4MSnS g_1SM} mZ$j2w  4D|-w mZ$j2~
, w
46 n[ Az

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

46.1

- N i n[ [ ^ Az %

81

Z+V 3 x}+V 5 x}Z+V:
7Q R$KQ 3

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
42 v3 R p E? j
42.1  JbOA :  v3 R p 1? j jG , [ K O X (g 4 OT F
:  P: 'gJbBy :  v3 R p 1? jG I a ( f gJb jG , O
X (g 4 3 : 
42.2  :  v3 R p 5 ) -b v3 K K jd \  g 4 [jd
43 0h V I ,0
43.1 _ ,  S R*  *
o _ :P 0E 0 1 -{*VP >T P n 8K 0 }
2 gJb 9 JM`RA% 4 q 2S g h( Æ > X ) a ( a ( % VDh( X )
x 24 q2SO~<V09, JbgJb009,KOA#GrM!,  
Jbg 4  "K: AA4 K  
pRxÆOG:0 ajd \g4[jd
43.2 ,  S R b ,  KV I ,0 2 gJb% 8 q 2S g h( Æ > X ) a ( 
Z2ByI,4a(VDI,4x 24 q2S,gf 1By,4Jbg4 
"K: AA4 K  
+RKVI ,0En62 JbO?3zZI 
44 mZ/{
44.1  JbgJbz  Y G  g/{mZ
44.2 " ℄XP Y 26.4  =  V >, OP 56 K Jbh 'a a  > | 
gJbK/{mZ
44.3 " ℄XP Y 38.2  A >K =  gJb gJ K Na y JÆ-b1 +
/gxg<JK1r<yJÆ-bJbK/{mZ
44.4 I R =Æ - Y K  JbgJb g/{mZ$
(1) } y =G: mZ( s '
(2) }Y , MJ  }  Jb}h^aV
1 
G: mZ( s 
44.5 Y , \d 44.2.44.3.44.4  M h OA/{mZ K g h( Æ > j , y/{mZ K
X) _yX)& 7 K~), X)D%,2mZ/{ /{mZ w K 0℄
XPY 37 P3%wKMh, 
44.6 mZ/{xgJbr  &`exahe% P  W K Mha(0 
JbOA :WhbEUy,AV Jb gJbUyBlOP'a g 
+ "K: 0mZM h'a exan  eJ j 4 K  P  W j 4 , jm4
1/{ j 4mZ V m K 4  h}m4/{ j 4mZ "K:   Jbg 4 }
E2m4h^K%*jd,g4 {-uP #KY, <p H}mZ/{Æ ,h^
K%* 
44.7 mZ/{x b ~, _mZ S M hK -h: , P K t = 
45 mZ " t/ X>
45.1 ~, _zw hS M h mZ " t ,> 

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

82

{℄XPY 34 PuJbgJbsmZNr2q-n'axf
gJbjJbaqax℄mZJ~X> 
45.3 mZ K K 3 r2 X> x JbgJb < #0e 5 ms X ) z m M
$P r2
46 mZ y
46.1 ℄mZ  ℄ H fZ P t =   JbgJb < M  Y  
46.2 ℄mZ Z ℄ y  ~, dO_ v P S M h 
45.2 

rQ  %
47.1 5z}+V1,T'Z+V~Z+VqC1t7%4#Zy8
f"i[,s >}+VN}&Ai6Zz1{jRTMN01G34
t
47.2 }+V}&=yHZ8Z+VT$z~xC1T,o
^RT,oV01bgHm& ^ b
47.3 _Gm8xT~8xTN- 
8Hz} 8K
20 |,(_Gm
Xz~~
Xz~N- 
8Hz} 
8K 10 |,(_Gmj~jN- 
8Hz} 8K 5
|,(m&8N+
Z+VR$z~Ym&V0NU58x1C
47.4 }+VSu+'
RL&z YsQuz17UR 
A/+
Su+'
#℄ MN1g [iAR7Gu
+' 
Z$&,1RT1/jZ$7->.Gm<!s3
;#RY 8k4)H7s 1g~RU

b 1: XP S[PKSn$
47 qP ~, d3 x  ! BB h -ma 5 aJz  Y G x  ℄X 
PSnfG q1j _vPSMh 

b 2: |2V'ByK ZqP o 4 _ rp< m K < }rmZ
Pm, mKP1℄V}r|
47 

N3FF < 

1 `}oHC 
b  } Lz - 8 ISmarandache℄ v 8  hZ W A

: R VC 0>z="%v

83

2

X

=

n
[

Ai ,

i=1 

0 P A Z  }n  } T og z Ai Z i }gqKYPoS
q } Q q Z Z{ T , s  } L oHC 6 b I U i Y z
ω(

X

) = R(ω(A1 ), ω(A2 ), · · · , ω(An )) 

h I Z2 7 ZY z Æ T og ω(Ai) [J  h I Z2 7 ZY
z S`m  og Ai, 1l; eqi ≤ n  s o = } ai1, ai2, · · · , ais n ω(Ai)
I ω(ai1), ω(ai2), · · · , ω(ais) L Y z
R

ω(Ai ) = H(ω(ai1), ω(ai2 ), · · · , ω(ais )).

6 b  } 6  T D L ZoHC$ LI
ω(Ai) =

s
X

ω(aij ).

j=1

qO|vE o = } ω(a
l 7 ZY z q

i1 ), ω(ai2 ), · · · , ω(ais )

ω(Ai ) = ω(ai1 )2 + ω(ai2 )2 +

,xL℄PZJ#    h,
s−1
X

ω(aij ) − ω(ais ),

s
Y

ω(aij )

j=3

ω(Ai ) = ω(ai1 )2 +

j=2

i
ω(Ai) = ω(ai1 )ω(ai2 )2 +

s
X

ω(aij )

j=3

Q [JW qOo = }IB ) L K`  } T Ci zog EL A} ω(x) ai ≤
x ≤ bi n ω(Ai) L \  ?
ω(Ai) =

Zbi
ai

ω(x)dx.

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

84

6 b  }$ L 9^  p ZY z hJOr*#  a L [7 p Z

Yz 
2 no  
1Po L  
`}PoL  Z$LU i }9o^Æ`}Po0}9o?
b z`}Po J=L gH - hJYQ5 7 ZZ 0 
a. U i }9o L O [- % 
2.16 >iB-!1o*m?oo^) uC u6J?
u**5-!^o~) uC u6ÆPC B! S
\u>i^1R s%iBV(%3R%:{38N3 
fiBNJQdB7!wB7!MN-!A\p1 sa/)i
BV1-!pLO8 NuOV*h1i^{~>*?O
z!1iBV-!1>%o*\^>iB-!1-mr4i
BV1Q-!}`- B!1>}
SÆ1>%
uE%
S=

a1 + a2 + · · · + an
n

S=

S=



(1)

a1 + a2 + · · · + an
× 98%
n
a1 +a2 +···+an −M −N
,
n−2
a1 +a2 +···+an
,
n

(2)

n ≥ 5,
n≤4

(3)

\S= B!a , i = 1, 2, · · · , n D >iB-!n >iB!1*MN uE*!*=1>iB-! 
2.17 UB7^PC B!
\i^UBVmriBVi&fd!~fL-! yzi
WVI1ui^ 4UBV~UBVu1#*=y1zB7!1
LQ~uQu}`- B!1>}W y B!AuC1f 
h~)>%
%
(1) B7#!U%
i

: R VC 0>z="%v

85

2

S = T × A% +

a1 + a2 + · · · + an
× (1 − A%)
n

\T B7!A% B7!A B!}GOKa , i = 1, 2, · · · , n
D >iB-!n >iB-!1*.
(2) B7 QU
i

S = T1 × A% +

a′1 + a′2 + · · · + a′n
a”1 + a”2 + · · · + a”n
× (1 − A%) +
n
n

\T B7!}uQu8ztA% B7!}uQu8zm?tO
Ka = a + a” , i = 1, 2, · · · , n; a , a” uED D >iB-!}1uQu8 
zt 8xR)H8x:I/8xtn >iB-!1*. 
2.18 V>iB-!}1*5-! B!\ B!1
>x1R\Q. 5!iB
1

i


i


i

i

i

S=N

\N >iB-!}1*5-!
b. ℄e[  },  LiJ= Dv2 ? % 
},  [$ LJ=-  ? T[hJYQ5 7 ?Z 0  
2.19 (Z2i^) tz UBPC1-!/uF&_)%
."d
."0v
v
v
v
v
v
."d
."0v
v
v
v
v
v
D 2.5
3Æ1-!/uG2_)n%
ai ≺ −5%
40

1% ≺ ai ≤ 2%
54

−5% ≤ ai ≺ −4%
50

2% ≺ ai ≤ 3%
48

−4% ≤ ai ≺ −3%
54

3% ≺ ai ≤ 4%
42

−3% ≤ ai ≺ −2%
57

4% ≺ ai ≤ 5%
36

−2% ≤ ai ≺ 1%
60

ai ≻ 5%
30

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

86

n 2.1 
1-!*F& [-2%1%] /Wu1F&Pj 3%bzB7! 
5000 |IA 5000 × 3% = 150 | iBV/ 60 u1& 150 |!UB
Vl0mCf{UMWAb/uF&
J ) 7 $ 5 Z - \ `}Po J= o 'N Po o v 
2.20 m2i^PC/u>% 
xy/uG2E*<MWmC 
{Ab/u>%  

>iBV-!1 O δ
δ=

ai − S
× 100%
S

\a D iBV-!,i = 1, 2, · · · , nδ S uED -!1 OR B
!
wgiBV-!1 O δ PCiBV-!/u θ ∈ [0, 60] 1>_)%
i

θ=



60 − 3|δ|, δ ≤ 0,
60 − 6|δ|, δ ≻ 0 

-!1*< B!!zi y1 3U-)n

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

87

f 2.2
$b K ; 7 } 3   h  Æn 7 o?  Z℄eb K+ r
,l2#;tH 10 − 20 n 7 o?  Li   CnK  n 7 o,X n
L  Q  K n 7 o L{SQ  n 7 oo L   T  h$ )   `
}o L-? ?
c. KY}S q } L L ℄ F T }.O L
KY}S q },xL ℄ [5 "  } I $h`}Po i  I hS
q } iL },   
2.21 NgK1yCS BMÆR BDG17u
tz UBSiB-!R%B1Ku_)% 
}L℄=s qJ%`}Po%90 = (-0 \%5 = (gE:-;$FÆ
.%5 = 
\i^UzB1N!%~N1z 8xUB
t<_Dz UBV1Ku_)% 
}L ℄=s qJ%`}Po%60 = (-  0 \%25 = (g E : - ;$F
Æ.%15 = 
\ui^U!U*z UB
tq2 )>u℄hz UBV1TB%BKu_)% 
}L ℄=s qJ%`}Po%40 = (-  0 \%40 = (g E : - ;$F
Æ.%20 = 

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

88

\ui^
rxM- zq2  >u℄hs31==
_G'~iB-! 
~iuFx%-N)iB-!N1 '

}BW?)fzz2s1 n
(2)

Sq}L 

b-}LSq }i PI=-  0 \K`} ℄e  }PB
f C iSB - Q.n -  0 \ L r L C y ?r~ L `} -  0
\ 
[  }g E Æ -  P^ [ 0- TZJ`| v } = } LJ
-) ,D2`! w Z y 7 qZ OS + B q v p Æ i P -  P^
I
_+ B.$ -  TL+8 B  \7 B )u} Q} \{ "* ^ \
+8 B L-  0/ } A WhF z i Æ. -  - 5qS g B
' ) gW)  b A b / } ;  h QQ-  T A P -  0 
\ T ` +8 B  \i -  0-) | vL Oi-  0 \^ I _ L 
^bqZ . >b K i K 0L-  0 \n I h   bE }  m!`
-  0T L| vi K 0TL   ; L W f d} i/ } \ W Æ -  0 
\ `$; L d}   ;9 - i' )-  -) J J  
.$
}  - n  &  P W 0  \ $ Z , MZ L}O bÆ -  0
\ L℄^ n` [{}O  QL ,J i 5G W i s = L- k* ^{ " 
- }O-  0 0: - F0Æ. w V L { f-  -) 
6 br~  } T 
}}i - Z{ 3 ℄eg E  ^ -  P^
i  },  1 -  0 \ L -r L C y n -J S q } L } = }

hJaZ J S q }} = }F  } L7 7 ^   I Z _
L7 Æ I  = } LJ   $ w V Lq 3- i}  C i
zgH L)=- 9^ I Æ =L L > yO N }F&} w h℄
eÆ w V *8 V3 ? i 8 m )=  
2.22 t!L%'2Æz UB /}%B1 BB_)D%

: R VC 0>z="%v

89

2

&d  = } 
= }
1
-  - 50S q"- ℄e -  - 50S q"- %1n - 
15 = 
10-15 = (2n - 9^  
6-10 = ( 
3n - 2  3-5
= ?o
2
QK : - HC0 "- : - HC O J 2 = [ 3 ℄e =  = g
6=
QK"- %1n -  3-4
= (2n - 9^  2 = (3
n - 2  1 = ?o
3
/O: - HC0 "- : - HC O J 2 = [ 3 ℄e =  = g
4=
/O "- %19^n -  2 = ( 
2n -   0 = ?o
4 
b? } \ 
b? }  \ 4ÆN &"- %
0 "-,4 = 
1n -  3-4 = (2n 9^  1-2 = (3n - 2 
 0 = ?o
5 
H s X\
℄e i P;  X$ s %o
3=
> \ %19^n -  2
-3 = ( 
2n -   0-1
= ?o
6
-  ) f
℄e -  ) f  \ LT o [
3=
D5 = F  p 2 C ( PB L >  % 
1T oOD5 = 9^n -  
p 2 C ( 2-3 = (2T o
D5 = 9^On - 0-1 = ? 
o
2.5
3 

K L S `}o 

$K L S `}o  r~  } 3  s q I  E Z Zmi
S q }n L }(Z U i `}Po S &Æ_^o L S   2X"S & 
z h ^  ? i g  
Sq}L 4`&U i  L  = }iS q } L n}I `r L 
} T .ng E  ^ i  S q } L {g 8 g  | vL !EaZ 7

90

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

qJ% 
2.23 tz UBV
T x1*5iB!^ (j B)%
B1 xqBRC%BUQ1i^_)%
ZP xqB
uB
1 
i!% 
i1^H
r i^Æ
&W5z a/!X<W
&z2s1Ur i^z_ 
U{.Q(% A 
,fzMN{0L4ij
M+QR{Z/Q
2
{07℄&! {07℄&1LAS2V0
Rs3 Hz{07ij
Nh℄{1 (uQu8z{
0 U{N
3 
L7℄&! L7℄&1L' 
zL
mb +L>A LH
zSV0s3+M{N
1L<m y Ri^
4 
zMNg! >{N1zMNgVI
1 Sg ,f
5 
33g
^S5z1VU3 
g+LS{xz2s,f
6 
#jn 
#jn ^+Ls
W&>frEO W&5
z 7rE
D 2.6
UQCB_)%
1-4 }u8NU%BNU(5-6 /8oNU%BN
U
4 S q }}}  8Æ!E
Li S q }}} LP^ `&ÆS q }}}?  8 WK Æ 0l 
&}F& w h Q Z ZhF w VZ Q om ; }> #  L

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

91

Sl # [ 3 ; 2 }F& T zw h/q > `} ){=L Sl} 
&}F&}Qb TL   -   } 0 LF Q 
T - iL   - V Q : -L  } ) - VA P
ÆgXN>ZM L- Q /^W> h5i MQ #Lb) L-gE 
) I F Q S q} X I : -W> ,h  } 0  } J  s?US
q } L 8Æ!EI6 Sb -   } 
 L mK .l =T #
!E 9J ?UK  S q }`} L  ? }}i - Fn[Q Q 
J ) 5 7 I 9&  }0n[: - \.n L a  S q }`}n
[QF}}? Lk 9J Jg  ) 
2.24 tz UB+
AQu ^%1h8b(2/2Æ(w1
,b(3lb1e (4F2L9 Wz(5h ds (6h /
4PhzUB /}4i1iB% /
(js x1
(
jr: } 
HS) /1
MN1!f1(h !8*1iBV1
iB&p/Az UB(jMuPg\!r=
)UB /}S 
%B 1 ^>C_)%
1. %Qu
r+
)3 ^%
1.1. (jr: } 

1
r i^r:}
( 
2
r Cs3DRMhg}
( 
3F(g}
( 
4 MN}Tn C<'}
( 
5 #jn(
1.2. 8x7*3}

(1) 8x7*}
(
(2) 8xT(!D(
(3) 8x%GV(!D(
(4) 8x7*3C 1n2(
(5) ' 
z7℄& V0} 

iBVA=y%QuiB /LUwg5UB /9^Q}Z$1`

}
" D ^MN_`BUrVx=yLW (js
[ 3 -  0 PFh fL  ? ?Z? N C ( qJ%

92

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

^ 1. FW% 
\,
/5z1UiBVu(}B%4}
A }V~) i^
{x5z12s_ X~)i}
1 i^(j i
gXUga}&3Æ8GXH?UBV1Æ[ 
1h8b i^20 ~ % 
2/2Æ,bi^20 ~ % 
3(w,bi^20 ~ % 
4lbe i^40 ~ % 
5lb Fi^20 ~ % 
6F2z
A  swi^20 ~ %
B p$i20 ~ %
C J20 ~ %
D J*K30 ~ %
E yq:%20 ~ %
F yq930 ~ %
G /Æz30 ~ %
H jz%
o/2Æ50 ~ %
%f2Æ30 ~ %
I Tz100 ~ %
J m<!i30 ~ %
K ;#i30 ~ % 
7dz
m-)-20 ~ %
7)z20 ~ %

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

93

>xXn20 ~ %
=h.Gz40 ~ % 
8/4Phz
Ssw20 ~ %
ST/20 ~ %
/4V650 ~ %
h Ph30 ~ % 
9zLmbs 80 ~ % 
10)HNoH 200 %
iBV% Q
^C#DV4 Q%
['%  9 [ 
^ 2. FW%M0P?J<mVVC\,
/5z1UiBVu(}B%4}
A }i`~)1 
Cs3{x5z12s_ X~)i1} 
3 Cs3 
&>*0igXUga}&3Æ8GXH?UBV
1Æ[ 
CovLP>*0f8yFxVC"OKWzf( 
Q
4)
( 

%wgh8b /2(w,blbe zF2' 
zd
z/4PhzR MNguE`-
iBV% Q
^C#DV4 Q%
['%  9 [

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

94 

^ 3. {zVC\,
/5z1UiBVu(}B%4}
A }i`~)1F(
{x5z12s_ X~)i1} 
3F(&
*0igXUga}&3Æ8GXH?UBV1Æ[
( 

z APi`F(CD)

(

wgNg APxyF(FNG2n) 

%wgh8b /2(w,blbe zF2' 
zd
z/4PhzR MNguE`-iBVÆG3
Z8+
u+V
A 1-F(gD
iBV% Q
^C#DV4 Q%
['%  9 [ 
^ 4. W%m~ 
Oju%5\,
/5z1UiBVu(}B%4}
A }XÆ1zM
N}Tn{x5z12s_ X~)i1}
#'RC
<'{x igXUga}&3Æ8GXH?UBV1Æ
[ 
1z #MN}TnRh8b /2,bzlbe zF
2z' 
zdz/4Phz1zMN}Tg- / 
2i}
1
r8x{&_)%
A. h8b{%2004  9 [
B. e z{%2004  9 [(lb Fz{%2004  9 [
C. F2z
℄D*{%2004  9 [
xTj  %'s {%2004  9 [
D. ds {%2004  9 [
E. /4Ph4%2004  9 [
F. zqm%2004  9 [
G. Bsh%2004  9 [

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

95

iBV% Q
^C#DV4 Q%
['%  9 [ 
^ 5. W%2

/5z1UiBVu(}B%4}
A }VÆ1 # 
jnOx{x5z12s_ NXÆ #jnOxi
gXUga}&3Æ8GXH?UBV1Æ[ 
#jn- / 
#jn}+
.h7s OxnDH 1n1n7s  
q&.h'%s3 Y $>$-.G<m zzz4s 1
CROx
iBV% Q
^C#DV4 Q%
['%  9 [ 
g E : - ;$ s Xh fL  ? F T oC i qJ% 

^ 1. *&0}M.\,
/5z1UiBVu(}B%4} 
X)D38x7*
{x5z12s_ Xi}
17*V0MN3
igXUga}&3Æ8GXH?UBV1Æ[ 
A58xXlRolvot~ltfn|}&A2zCf
"ovÆEfPt{x1
r8xov>p4uD
m&`- ^℄bN℄64>C?Æ8x7!*s
xlGu 3Æ1V0{f"lvf"4C= 21n

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

96

iBV% Q
^C#DV4 Q%
['%  9 [ 
^ 2. *&n}^J 
~DM
5'1n8xT1RoQE;llv_!X 
/&&X8xT18xTf"=PA2R|{z8xC
4+
)2s' 
8xov2s>psq['A2~|{z{0
4
iBV% Q
^C#DV4 Q%
['%  9 [ 
^ 3. *&RjfH^J 
~DM
5'1n8xT1RoQE;llv_!X 
/&&X8xT18xTf"=PA2R|{z8xC
4+
)2s' 
8xov2s>psq['A2~|{z{0
4
iBV% Q
^C#DV4 Q%
['%  9 [ 
^ 4. *&0}M.0?Azq" 
%(1)  1n2
r+
7*1*sxlGu4 fn 
2~ iBVY:rZ$12 1n2
N.hu>CiB
VNs
(2) 8x7!3C 1n2= 

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

97

iBV% Q
^C#DV4 Q%
['%  9 [ 
^ 5. j%Y0}"OH^\,
/5z1UiBVu(}B%4} 
X)D3h8b ,
bzlbe zF2zX' 
zdz/4Phz{x
5z12s_ Xi}
17*V0MN3ig 
XUga}&3Æ8GXH?UBV1Æ[ 
~DM
5'1n8xTQV01RoQE;llv_
!X/&&X8xT18xTf"=PA2R|{z
8xC4+
)2s' 
8xov2s>psq['A2~|{
z{04
m&`- ^℄bN℄64>C?Æ8x7!*s
xlGu 3Æ1V0{f"lvf"4C= 21n%wgh
8b /2(w,blbe zF2' 
zdz/4Phz
uE`-
iBV% Q
^C#DV4 Q%
['%  9 [ 
J} 3 =PB} w h℄e`} C L-  0 PFÆH`s
\ mi Æ II K  )!^ m   L-  0 P = zx e Y Q 
~  : -  } ÆV QO nPB ^g EL-  0 P  ^
iW (1  PBy_b  :[ {ÆS q } L-? Pj,n[: -T 
N L N x hJ Ii }
n[ w Q  T hK N L Zw:
- C i  u&0n[^   iY$A&d
37 Æa
37.1  K N L >Fh 5 Nke L-?
Z+V81CM1dUga9 26.2  Ugfa9
28.4 9 35.3 i8Ce}&8GXi
_)%

98

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

1dUga9 26.2 8CWÆ}&18GX%zs^
Z+VNgz+1 g5Ug8C1z+xlÆg'

Nz'"O}+V" (Fx}+Ve1'0h 
2dUgfa9 28.4 8CWÆ}&18GX%Z+VNU
g8Cgz1 Æg5Ug8C1zMNxlÆg'
Nz' 
"O}+V" (Fx}+VNUg8CMN 'ÆZ+
Vh gzMN1&~0h 
3dUgfa9 35.3 8CWÆ}&18GX%Z+V * 
Ng}+VzqD>1 Æg}+VzqD>xlÆ 
g'
Nz'"O}+Vt8z!'&1" 
37.2 hK N L >Fh 5 Nh 5L-?
37.2.1 }+V}&8GXM
+
)N1%
(1) "jU}+VLN~LN~{LN$z~
~Z+VK:}+VZ"jUb"jU}+VÆ*g8KVl
7 2000 ,Z+V 
21' }+V-"jU^ZN $z~~Z+VK:
}+VZ8GXfh"rE}+V:WA$z~~Z+V1C1
& LNg}+VÆ*:Z+Vg8KVl7 5000 , 
3u"8GX}+Vd5Ug18CW}&u"8GX:W

F:Z+V8}8KVl7 1 |,/(b}+VgQ{3g18N9 2 
1.5 |,2 ~mNJ5*2 |,/ 
4f8GX}+Vd5Ug18CW}&f8GX:W:
Z+V8}8KVl7 5 |,/ 
5QuE Ug*}+Vd5Ug18C~UE QuUg1a/
Z+VK:}+VZ"jE QuUg1fh fhA9}+VQuE
Ug z>QuE Ug1^N^GwX9 46 a1348CoN 
6E Ug*}+Vd5Ug18C~UE LQUg1a/Z+
VK:}+VZ"jE LQUg1fh fhA9}+VE Ug
z>E Ug1^N^GwX9 46 a1348CoN 
7kC}+V-FxZ+VTC1}+VÆ:Z+Vk 
)Fx1m?TC
37.2.2 e1' GX3*uu"8GX(eu"8GX3*

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

99

uf8GX(& Zz/ ~mf8Z+VK'iQu~L
QE Ug
37.2.3 g5a 37.2 81>C}+V8W:Z+Vg8K~k
KZ+VKÆg}+V1z}m?6}+VN/_
A9z^~ 9zu7z i Z+V4L8

N,K 7n'1>C6$ L8,fK
37.2.4 
B5 -)L Nke 
1}+Vd" Uga9 11.1 8Ch's1b h
s 1 _ÆZ+Vg5zUg!1 0.3% 18K( hsoH 10 _
1Z+VKE Ug45z=NZ+HNi }+V18kGX 
2}+VdUga9 12.1 8C'ie16X9 37.2.4  
18}&8GX 
3}+Vd9 13.2.2 18CFxz4.C<'hbh 1 _
1ÆZ+Vg5zUg!1 0.3% 18K(hoH 5 _1Z+V 
KeZ*91zMN(h 10 _~m1}+VÆA 2 _ yCh℄{
N1N -Z+VR#$z~_Z+VY}+V1
gN{NIZ+VKE UgHrE}+VkZ+V1C 
4}+VdUgfa9 14.2 8CFxzNXUg
" Uga8C1q['q1b' 1 [}+V:WUg#
!1 1% :Z+Vg8K8K1#VNoHUg#!1 30 HkZ
+VD1C('oH30 _1}+V :Wg8KRkC
xZ+VlK'iE {xQuzUg 
5Uga9 37.2.4 G&1Ug! U}$S2!R
u+z!^}+VN 1!
37.2.5 b QK-)L Nke 
1Z+VR#$z~X9 16.5.3 18Ca}+V1zS2
Z.G'a1S2! a8C1B1XTu8N~U}+V :WLQs
eHkFx1Cx}+VÆ*X S21!pX_
)i
}&8GX%
A '!~S2!pA 10 |,~m 100 |,~)J 100 |,}+V
}& 1 u"8GX
B '!~S2!p 100-200 |,J 200 |,}+V}& 1 f

100

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

8GX
C '!~S2!pA 200 |,~m1Z+VKQuE Ug~E
UgHrE}+VkZ+VD1C
D S'!~S2!pN 10 |,1J 10 |,)'NU 
5 }+V}& 1 u"8GX 
2}+V9 16.6 18CSZ:W-mQa{0 y<_}+V
uD-m^T#$z~~Z+V'aZ.A=!{0[_A{0
[1QuoH'aQuz1 10% 1I Z{0NU}+V:WSN
UQuMNee^T'aUTM`)uZ'N0h'1
DGbuu8z>#Z. 3 ~+\Z. 2 {0 y<NU1
}+V}&u"8GX(#Z. 3 ~mNJ5*~+\Z. 2 ~mN
J5*{0 y<NU1}+V}&f8GX(}+VVIb  ^
>GZNn,1Z+VKQuE Ug4 u8z=NZ+HNi }
+VÆ}&18kGX 
3zqmN-Ug8C1{0B1}+V:Z+V8}xCD
>#! 2% 18K 
4z,T' Z.!{0NU[ !{0[ÆFCNrE1{0B${0,T1[ x}+V:WA>C1'1eHUg8C1{04ÆH NU8xGÆu8zF! 5% >:Z+V}&
g8K1GX
37.2.6 /O # > -)L Nke 
1}+VAdNd
7Q (j1{0L'a}4Z.Af1
L n4f- ~4FÆa℄&<FxN.714f-~4&< 1 
}+V:W}&f8GX(Fxfru7~4f-~4&< 3 ~m 
J5*1Z+VKE Ug45z=NZ+HNi }+VÆ}&1 
8kGX 
2}+VAZ+V#$z~MN1[i{0L'a}4Z.A 
L n1}+VÆ1' bgp[4Z. 2 1~8[4Z.
3 }+V:W}&u"8GX 1 ([1YC~Z+V#$
z~"jfhq>f-Rur 
3}+Vv-Fx1!L 1Jz{0 11 E
>CNZ+V7Q Æ[x}+V:WwX)38C}&8GX%

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

101 

ZzuÆ! 1}+V 1GÆu8z#! 15%:Z+Vg 
8K8K1*VN/5 5 |,(
B ZzYÆ! 1}+V 1GÆu8z#! 12% :Z+Vg 
8K8K1*VN/5 3 |,(
C ZzeÆ! 1}+V 1GÆu8z#! 10% :Z+Vg 
8K8K*VN/5 2 |,(
D Zz7Æ! 1}+V 1GÆu8z#! 8% :Z+Vg
8K8K*VN/5 1 |,(
Zzm&! 1Z+VCfQKQu~LQE Ug9 46
aoN
}+VwXm&8Cg18K^Gg18KN&eMZ+VC
1}+V:Wgk
37.2.7  0- NN -)L Nke 
1Z+V#$z~X5Uga9 24.1 18CS}+
V n  MNSX'aT'aZ.}+Vv-S1}+V
:W}&u"8GXH1' (_N1' }+VW}&f8GX 
2AdNd
7Q 1'a}}+V1 h84 NU81
~[4f- 1~[4FÆa℄&<1}+V:W}&f8GXH&
VI>> ~b (fNVI>>1 b 1~b >GNn
,1Z+VKQu~LQE UgHrE}+VkFx1C 
3}+VA Hz})v-FxkW z= 4)H 
'
~bli;1}+V:WA*_ b b1th~gp[
4i; 2 ~4i; 3 Ta}+V:W}&u"8GX 1 
37.2.8 b = Kz K -)L Nke
}+Viu+~[+z1Z+VK'iQuE Ug~E Ug 
WFx1TC}+VGk
37.2.9 H`s -)L N 
1V0ij1i`%}BVA)iB"}}
18xTQ
r7V0
_8xT8xT8x#z~8x%GV4_A8x2sHz
}!iB"}}
V0Nuw~UrmÆ +`/Z+Vg 10 |
,/V}&8GXH,f^mV0A)_!%lvR7:{(ij!
A

102

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

-iB"}SÆV03*
TQzGVF%GV' 
zGV Rj48x}`7
V0_A8x2sHz}!iB"}}
V0Nuw~UrmÆ`/Z+V 
g 5 |,/V}&8GXH,f^mV0A)_!%lvR7
:{(ij!-iB"}SÆV03* 
tj_A8x2sHz}!iB"}}
V0Nuw~UrmÆ`
/Z+Vg 5 |,/V}&8GXH,f^mV0A)_!%l
vR7:{(ij!-iB"}SÆV03*
iB"}}
/7V0*0APtF(*0_X
)}
As63+L~A  6+Z+V4S)ZfU
_ 2 [^ZR+3ÆV04S) 5 |,/MNÆ[S'Fxf 
71Z+VK'ij℄O!)E Ug 
2
rCs31i`%m<!CwqCR?3q4_A 
}V1s3LP%>s3{NO *05}+VAiB"}}
1s
3Z+V4S)ZfUH 5 |,/MMNÆ[g}+VÆA 2 [ 
a/3%>Rs3{NON5iB"}}
1s3R*0HW& z
fUr_ 2 [ ZRN3%>Rs3{NON5iB"}}
1s3
R*0Z+V4S) 10 |,/MMNÆ[f7'1Z+VK'i
j℄O!)E Ug
S}=Ls3_yq:%h5:%J>QAmyG
2Æijjn4_s3{NO*05}+VAiB"}}
1s
3Z+V4S)ZfUH 2 |,/MMNÆ[g}+VÆA 3 [ 
a/3%>Rs3{NON5iB"}}
1s3R*0HW& z
fUr_ 3 [ ZRN3%>Rs3{NON5iB"}}
1s3
R*0Z+V4S) 5 |,/MMNÆ[ 
3 s 1i`% }U1zfs _>B>4 -s 
.G48xX}+VAiB"}}
1G2*0MNx
7 zfb. 1 [ 2 |,g}+VÆA 5 [ a/)}
M
Nx 
U B q 2G24_X}+VAiB"}}
MN 
x 2000 ,/ÆMNÆ[g}+VÆA 5 [ a/)}
MNx
' 
zLmbs _X}+VAiB"}}
MNsxb
' 
z 2 |,MNÆ[g}+VÆA 1 [ a/)}
MNsx{x

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

103

?N/W7'
}+VbNXN8U^\tu+'
W7z Zz 1 [
2000 ,
}+VXT'i`.h12*05iB /} 
'i`*01
95% XXUga9 37.2.10 18}+V}&8GX(XT' 
2i`*0n} 
'i`2*0 90% 1}+V}&f8G
XmvQu~LQE Ugg}+VÆL8
N,K 7n'13
4>C:Z+Vg8KH?Z+V1Æ[
~mZ+VS}+V1Æ[8oZ+VA9gzMN1gMN 
*g4)3`zD>Q*V}A'zqD>A}+V{x1
zV}MNQ*
37.2.10 Æ.Nke 
1}+Vd9 7.1 9 7.4 9 7.6 8C1bZ.u$}+V:
WX#$z~~[Z+V1q>1' H}&u"8GX(}+Vf
N1' 1:W}&f8GXmvQu~LQE Ug 
2}+V:W$'
7
Fg~$'
1/S$'
1
q>b *W%s~3fNoN1}+VW}&f8GXH}
&Fx1u>TC 
3}+V1qpj8xT~%GV:WX$'
~Z+V
~
1z$uR)HrE1[u }/$'
~Z+VxbN# 1 
}+VW}& 1 u"8GX 
4T"Ux 0ux Sbx NU1}+V:WX#$z
~~[Z+V1q>1' H}&u"8GX}+VfN1' 1~
b >GNn,1}+V:W}&f8GXb+\ 2 ~ 3 x N
U}+V:W}&f8GXH:WX#$z~~[Z+V1q>
1' }+VfN1' 1~b >GNn,1Z+VK'iQuE
Ug~E Ugb+\ 3 ~ 4 x NUZ+VKLQE Ug
}+V:Wa/GFx1CJ=NZ+1Ug! LQ}+
V}&gHNi }+V18kGX4Qu~LQE Ug9 46
aoN
5ab!Z+VyE1sN 
u FZd"Ux '^NuwÆ
~sN 
u FZd"Ux '^

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

104

m&8Cix}+Vd)HUg1o*x8Æ*}
&u"8GX
37.2.12 5Uga}4QuUg~LQUgE ^ / ^Z+V=
NZ+~gK)H(1}+VX Cxu"oqA"Ux }D.m 
q"Ux /u*16eo1)H}+V
37.3 hK Nke L g i b&%
37.3.1 $V$#A'
Z"j--Z+VZ+VxQ^
h"jU}+V(
37.3.2 }+V-"jU/_ {:Z+VZ"j-{IZ+V
4h8GXfh"}+V(
37.3.3 "jUR8GXfh"9}+V z>(
37.3.4 "jUR8GXfh"19}+V1i 
)3Xu%
(1) }+V~)58x1qpj~8xT4(~[
(2) Z+V~3P9
37.2.11

§3

3F>

I3F>nKA)KW^ 
I3F>nKA)K
A T - iL\ Q }F&i} - bC i T  
}P Li P T o)z N0 UC i Æ TZ / QqJ%
ss\ }F&y_}y = k  } Cz i) }P   Q 
4 " r v   }P   = q 6 ^\hJ T o% 
19^>  i z e ( 
2}F&_F 27 ( 
3t}^ o ( 
4O nPB L `}Z ! ( 
59 }>   0 ( 
6}}} - 2 }~Z ! ( 
7K L o2  = bZ ! (

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

105 

8K L `} i &( 
9l~ LT } 27 0% k n['P -LE d( 
10d; 0  E gfP
℄esCi Fb -   } L  ^ b )-   } L }P F K  h
J T o% 
1F q L Y 
} /- ;$`}F& G z}P  y^}.O~q L Y 
2}P  FÆ f  
b -  ) }P T K  hJF = % 
b l %,  } L b9^ z e9^>  b  } 
QK PB Q  
}Qb% } ?   z L3 v H 2 [(`}P 2 >  
;  >  ( } L z 3 vt}`}>   
}Qb%} 3 vW^ }F&_}}i - d lx L 
_Qb`} y J=Q 
}.O%l~ L  i & LT }w, 27 F  Æ`}o
?Z x% } % k n[' s q L !EF x 
}F&_F%
f  1 %}F& Lw glx }S &Æ_^oQ}F\4 &0  Q
f  2 %} U oZ !
f  3 %}9o\
f  4 %`} y J= ' 
3}F& w htH^ o w h% E Fh fi 
4`}" WO ^ i/ _ Lq i it}^ o 
5}Qb^ o
5-1  = '
5-2 O n  5
5-3 } w h}Qb^ o
S q }}^ o  3}}^ o
5-4 d; 0  E gF\4 &0  Q

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

106 

%Y|3F>nKA^ 
^I% | Hn9
{ } 2[ } %
I 7q#  }L  b }L-  }gEK QL T {  t
L } }Lb&` &P DU}`} : -H  QLrvJ
}F&fKy_N}P l~zNT} w , 27Fi&qJ%
ZZ2%
y J=% =`}Po% > -i
% k2LQK}% 
Z2%
y J=% =`}Po% > -i
% k2LQK}% 
Zx2%
y J=% =`}Po% > -i
% k2LQK}% 
`sT} w , (
T eAT - iL \Q   b g
E-  }`}H30 d `TL C i℄m!?}LgE} 
=Uii2ZZLT} w , T} i2ZZLT} w , 5T}~
z>CzzWt n [2 } C i=CtNN&8` C i
X
TWCL} hUii2ZLT} w , T} ℄)l 
I 7Fhi)?Æi}q$#  hu0T} H-T}Y
) 
}F&L}Pf y  
}/-; $ 2[
℄ Q k 
^%
3F>
℄ L  b }-  }}F&℄e}T\0L}
} i -'0Nt}L`}?Nb i g5SÆ}>P
qJ
1 %YKAAz 
1gE2[% 
W^%
( )

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

107 

C 8% 
bQ% 
2}r d % 
38H% 
4}(
% 
5\ 
% 
6QKPB% 
7Æ.%
2 mF8Y 
}?zL3vH2[(`}P2>  ;>(} 
Lz3vt}`}>
3 3F8Y 
}3vW^}F&_}b&}} i -dlxL
_ Q b`} y J=F}rv>Q
4 3Fk7
℄e`} Li&. Oi }TL 4C i}F&l~i2&'
2L`} ^}LT} w , ℄l~LT} w , FÆ`}oq
J%
sI#%
y J=% =`}Po% > -i
% k2LQK}%  
n o%`} V6>VAFgEK- n Q: -W>gEK FsXFh5^  b- : -W>-  0\`}PoQL n o
s#sN#|t
5 mINdP 
T}w, `}T`L!EF} %k n['sqL!EF?Z 
L xQ
h}. O JE}F&_FL%g 
}F&%%

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

108

℄ Q k
fZ%}wglx 
4 &mi`} }Llx
2 4 &mi ( `}S&Æ_^oQ}Llx
3 4 &mi ( ) `}PoS&Æ_^oLlx
4 Æ.mi`} L`} 9}Lwglx
1

f%}Uo  Z! 
b2[ 
}r d 

}Uo 

}Uo  Z! 

=}
p)=
QK}
1  bo% +~ -i 
r~ -i(
2 Æ.}T C iLPoTo% 
iPQKo  Q

Xs

}UrL7% {
iPrL F% 7V{
℄ Q k
2.7

f 3 %}9o\ 

}9o\

: R VC 0>z="%v

109

2 

b2[ 

}9o }9o%
\ Qb
\ 

}r d

Q b%

Xs 
}F&%%
℄ Q k
2.8

f 4 %`}
&d

y J=' 

b2[%

`}

y J=' 

}} d %
`} 2[ wh 1 wh 2 wh 3 wh 4 wh 5 y J= i2 

}F&%%
℄ Q k
2.9 

^N%3F^E^DO:lJ 
}F&whtH^o ℄ Wi : tH
2 }F&wh%E
1 

i

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

110 

}F&wh%E 

b2[%
& d 2  )7 

}} d %
33/3[ Cb wh%

2.10

3 

}F&whhfi

\,i
) ********  b-  }gE}r d %***** L}wh#hf%
^ 0'j^`}L`} .v`e l 4 U4 C`} Q bT=  7 
T - iL }`}F\ 4 s= C ^   -lL
An℄e}FÆTL}} i -hgdkL  )5}{QK
{Wy_^}  )=  $℄  )fyN℄  )#%T iL 4u}. O h5 ke
hf %
℄ Q k 
^suF8YWJ
1 `}"WO^

: R VC 0>z="%v

111

2 

b2[

`} 2[ 
C
`}Az
`} / %
℄ Q k

`}"WO^ 
}r d 
C % b% 
%
b ℄%
^% =([^% = 
} / %
℄ Q k
2.11

2 

t}^o

t}^o 
b2[% 
}} d %
& d `} p)= `}Po Æ.gE QK 

ik % M} % rv % ^o % ℄ Q k 
^3F8YWJ
1 ='

2.12

N&8 / %

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

112 

=' 
b2[%
& d `} 2[ 

}} d %
wh 1 wh 2 wh 3 wh 4 wh 5 

}F&%:
℄ Q k
2.13 

O n 5
`} 2[
`} A
`} L 
`}  ? 
6QQL 
`}N&8
`}u

Æ.fjQ 
5. 
}F&%%
℄ Q k
2

`} G Xs

2.14

3 

}wh} Q b^o 

1} Q b^o

-  0\

: R VC 0>z="%v

113

2 

b2[%
`} 2[r d%
&d 
}=}
{= J= Xs0-
1
-  -50Sq"2
QK : -HC0"3
/O : -HC0"6

?}\ 0N&"HsX\
Æ.}=}

7

···

4
5

n\ 

}F&%%
℄ Q k

2.15 

2} Q b^o - ' 
b2[% 
=gE 
==}
`} A
-  0\ -  0\
`}Po Pox:J=
gE : -; $ =g}=}
Æ. 
=g}=}
n\ 
}F&%:
℄ Q k

`} G

2.16 

C/3F>Ruvn 
I_TL>
`}QbT`} & CC i2}T C iL6Q
Qi_`})ur~}P3h 8 L3D i _6LQ`}
x n LA~?_E?smP3Æ`}TL=QF\ 4 &0f
`}P y ) }PLr2^P=7N~O n 5 ?Z

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

114 

0- 
3F^Enj*sP
~dA~q`} Y`} )m$ 4: - C ihFÆ.Zw
A~CH`} L`})u}F&y_Zw7glx_E?smi`
} `})uLA~-F4 &0Q lxh}F&L )z
K}F&_F%) }PL℄Pf 
NF?Hn _M`
℄e`} LgH`}>T} w , ? 8 o2`'Xi 8 q 
s3F>n[B
PB3D{EW s;9U Ph}F&L3$s
hJaZ }PLgH57 
2.24 tQ'%D #}+UB1 B-
3F>
w^( 2 1 H z UB B0uw g UB / }?n1 BBR
i^SX!1 s B1iB /M N1 6RY℄xa. 4 BC-_)
1 %YKAAz 
18xov%H z
2 s8<%A | B  C G 1 P
2 Æj  %18600m D *M
% )D *(
5N%68.60m `*%8)Y`/8mA` 
zQ{%l 2 Æ 
2UB=P%abcdef 
3 K Æ3%EK 
4UBf%2 Æx92x 1.5m 18  !  zD *z2 Æ 
TzjzD8jz z>1z- -zfz
 Az UB / }
Uga }>C}BV{x18x)}>YV
+!NA5UBf  
5g'%2003  6 9 10 [s2004  10 9 10 [qg'%515
2

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

115

[!_ 
6{0rE%U 
7)H%5UB1x1PC5z #}+' 

2 mF8Y
UB% 2003  3 9 20 [,A}EV+!UB}}E 2 s-R A | B 
2sz}Z+ 8 }GZO. A>C1& , +^' 32 -tMN1-o.
\?'
ov: 
-oo'Q
A>C1 & m&-o-t}1 28  -t+V1+x / A>C
1; 8 +xuD" B r & 6 25  -t; 8 1+xuD"T H(
j+x0u M N xPC1~) 7  -tX  58xiB% 
iBVo' a - g %Q
(-to+V1UB / HAiB B r & 2003  4 9 28 [m 10 %00
<6;81iB / s B 2003  4 9 28 [m 10 %00 <bA A | B 2s 
z}Z+ 8 }G97 s B e N? mU1iB / ^w g iB
/ ; 8 1+^0Z M NnBnB  I -
iBV4-D nB  I Qx
3 3F8Y
B/ 2003  4 9 28 [) 2 %00 ,A A | B  2 sz}Z+ 8
}G 401 B e N. B0u( 
 (x ( B0uo' -
B0
u  I 4-D Qx))} A | 2 sz B  }  I 5 VU
BV#D 2 V  duwr^# Æ z~58x B0u
X
B0u  +#"1UB / )} B'^Hw g B'^}>C
1zZV1~UQxa %B x*^lB x1zZ 
1~UQxa
iBV g AiBB r & 6Z 8 iB,f K iBV e R f  B0u 
CfiBCw g- / 1
4CiBV ef fiB1 m  w g
34^>)iB>Bx) 4  iBV o fH1~UQxa 
2 %B x 
%BV 
B i
xUB $ KV0 4 (js  yjJ?=

116

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

P^8 B0u x B0uw g UB / }4 (js  1 BB 
Ri^ M N1'w1L& x u{x^ 8  $ KV0,7 
3lB x
w g BBRi^ B0uSlB M N1'w x u
lB B D )^ $ KV0%O 
B =PSÆ1iBVov B
0u 4 iBV1lB %B/uuE``w#D}/iBV/uHw g i
BV1*/u  >i^/1iBV a-d 1*/u_)%
iBV a %*^/u%92 u(
iBV b %*^/u%90 u(
iBV c %*^/u%89 u(
iBV d %*^/u%88 u
UBV1B7 !  - / 2 B   ! >DR uw#D - / 3 R /
4
4 3Fk7
wgiBV1 Z D GRUB / }14>C B0ur + o 
6
3 o1iBV5UB1}B℄^Vwr + 1}B℄^V S)iB ! _
)%
sI#%FH a
*^/u%92 uiB- ! %28650000 ,Vl7'%482 [!_{0
B%U
"U ! %iBV a E u  !L -tu Æ #}+{h {
x5z 2 s1s3V0R  %3O e{x88x 12 8o }/d
.N1 !  5z18x T u Æ 8x T 36 B5 z hzN&X
8x T  6 '{xz 2 s8x 4 )} 2 8x!5z8h  = :
17(}/H/ n8vP8x T QV03 D * %:{U
h 5z 71() i+ M{ Nh  { Z/Q{0,f℄&
1 L{07<R ^SQ{0xB { NL7℄& 1 Lz  
L   n8,TiB- ! U!x6hNC ?O 
s#%FH b
*^/u%90 uiB- ! %29014560 ,Vl7'%478 [!_
{0B%U

: R VC 0>z="%v
2

117

"U ! %Q
sN#%FH c
*^/u%89 uiB- ! %28104568 ,Vl7'%496 [!_{0
B%U
"U ! %Q
5 BLHz A | B  $ b 2 szUBiB7'%RUBV 
N ' auE V M N1 $ K
~m B D G/- B0ux014 Y { 
B0u4 %*** *** *** *** *** *** *** *** ***
****  ** 9 ** [

t 3 l X&nGyS=X5
UB(j.UBx11 h ℄D.Hz
§1

mFSBOmF*?4

I%Y>d 
bP L W s%=Z  bgEy_N :g-  f\F g HJ
NLC #&i y gE E  b i : F\ 4: -H-  bt 
'L [Y)\H-  #&iL Q b[  bP  
bP y_ y  b l^C\?sE  b6HL  Q b}
D  b'
 ).x b L ?t= 
I%Y>dnb W>d)K
1  bP LQ 
1:gvF`\ 2℄`\ fKJ&f 1 i>`#
&i( 
2-  f\-  f g )fKy_( 
3\HN C #&i( 
4\ 4 Vi : fKX5 
%Y>d 
)0' pK k  ! +QjC  bK%G
l/F0'9){X/}: GZlK}O}Q gE
1.1.3.  bP iPTo
gE2[ W^` C 88H=℄`gE C 8. $ ) 
K-?\ tr  k 
gEw >Q 
N%Y>dnY> 
b r d
gEr d N~℄Z  ?L” b gEP O^ ”
\H
-  & B[GL0QZ P "i : v
=  b&E CC iLm!?}L C 8}31}`}b&

: R  VC)k="%v
3

119

0  b} b}I  bP TLZ ℄P* 
"i : kgE AN  b-  #&K 0  bP Ly
_h n ?sE  b % 
M \T*ImF* 
I:}%YmFSB?4
1 H-  b}LQ 
1`\  i : L:g\ ( 
2C #&i 
3-  & )fK[q?s}b&
N~
 b} ℄e TLTo_EN~  b C 8 W^` 
}-? t2Ly !f 4 vÆ}2q}hFq
L}/-; $ LM  Æ}3\P C iLÆ}5Q)
fi : X5[q y }   
C/ \T*ImF* 
 ;  2}  Lr~To ? 4 (^ÆTsq}(

i QQLUi0*s 
N:M \T*ImF*
H-4Y)N O^X5Q f\L&0`=i
H[3`gE,`W   bmT"b`} P23v
&,  )k 
sR
MnQ 
1 k>  b Lb&℄e 4  C  b}b&H-X5Ed
2 r~ a   ; ?X5
3 0P23 g `}P2VL
V7Q&iF74 QA 
I g Æ
V(
i Q&iTL-  hKQ i wV  bhKQ
1}  TPBLQQ0 a P2  )
4 0(``} P23=N~`}P2 &   ;
5 sq  `}P2Vr~  ;irL3vPBP2&  
;(?EÆ\"  ;iF  2 Lh3v℄+gE3v

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

120 

 Fw
§2 

\TnxOk7?4

I \Tnx 
Iih \TSBi
1 `  ;T=iLW^/iw "WO^  ;i 
N~Z}\  ;i 2`, [3N~`Z} 
j L;
2 `  ;i\(?3v y CL n"W
3   ;%ZWH`}N&8 
d \T3T^E 
;%Ili II  'j^  b`}LZ ℄P Q b 
F&nIy_Z Q bL 4 e`} i }r : ; $ E'p 
℄ST L ZwW-\ez3NZwb}P=  L C iÆIwh
L  bqTHP^0U C iNwhm!{M3[[3} / m
!wV3[Q= C i  ;F& 3w C i 
 ;whLO,h3wh iSqKYwh Tn FzK 
J & 5 h 7 F 9 d 
N \T8YO3T>
℄e;T C iL} i -?=TsqhJI 
*%
1   QLF Q b^o 
L℄e   ; i (``}   ;iTLToÆ.v 
Q) ℄e 
Q bTF&℄eELX a L  y_ L  
=TÆsqmi    n L-FQWD- 
;d$DH;-??h$`Z}   [%L??
2 Ui`} 27

: R  VC)k="%v
3

121

O  ; n L p'j`}3h5"Ui`} 27q O 
= n  'j`}nsq% 
1$)=Ui Li&3℄e=} i -?)=$
why:)=I℄Z℄e})=ph:ZiP )=. O ?_ g 
?Ui Li& 
2$nxUi Li&3w Æi&~F C
LiL>(L_  hu?\b?Ui Li&. O 
q OW  VAYlgEK-VA?6W|8LTon0 
F&?6W|8F&Ui n xLi&. O li`} 27
hIy_ y r~  ;PÆTKgEl}  L 
`}P2 Q bhF. O `} 27QToF&_F%   

\Tk7?4 
 ;y_ y F3ÆF&y_LPF&wh%E 
 ;i\O^  Q b^o Q?-N~ 4 w 
;. O X5 jn}  { y P  b,`W "i : X5
L TZw&P   b}`} : -H  QD`} QÆ` h
5E`} V0b>FgEK-LM3[wVhFII `h5
gEK-Q9Q`X53h[35
§3

%Y 
jWFqZnC~

I4%YVZ~k 
I%YeZnX
1  b5"_^;
(1)  ;: #>   
(2) Qp b KF;:  bQKF b K
(3) X:&F;6n: X:&$6n-?\HZi;
2 SB : -; 
1SB:-;% ) F  H  ;:r;S9m b ~6n;%o
N;zGUG; bi_0Fr  ;-; i Æ.;V33;-
5E;X3 : -;2'
xK ">NQhF7&s3Q;

122

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

2X3-;%#>-(Æj  KX9DzSBTL i b : ZBT-  X3GlQ
3 V : -;
K%; 4: - FL  3  8K;H  ;:r;1 i>

\; gg6n;%oN;"3K;V33;%oNQ;V 
LL0>jW;T  i &N; i Æ.;q3  Hd
KY5N>*}ÆQ.
4 Æ.; 
V4t8/W/(;Q.
5  bioL\  ?
T =A+B+C +D 

0T=  bio, A=  b5"_^;,B= SB : -;,C= V : -; 
,D= Æ.;. 

% jZ VZ"

 Q7o \oHCK1i}\o : -HCIT L \ KYHLJ
L>1
1 iL9^To
(1) ==g  b5";i
a iTL
{ K=  b, 7q: p  b-  GW C (T C iN/ = 
b, = %W909. $ ').  gW)}}ObA i 
b i dY  b
b. i E, K=g  biT C iNy_i=g  b,PL  &F  )
Tosq%0
=  b i
=g  b p1T - iL   b
QKzG0i}ÆTL =
(2) Æ.5";i
(3) H;i%C i[)L  b, Æ : -;L\H;=b
2 iLrL 
1iLrLAn%&L p#> K  bQK0 b K i  ; 
Q;X; irL3
L& p  
2iL3u%|vE[3
1o=z`#xÆZ=itE
#ZCSio : -L3fiTLo  h`  br  3L1o

: R  VC)k="%v

123

3 

N n [-LLu 
3i`  bio : -TL 
}`}% bPo}L℄e 
b-  % b%b-  bx  \o}L℄e 
br  . % b. }L℄e 
4f*PB0i:|L-
A yO7iPo br  37=3L1o=zr  foCz(
B 1i W K}Po[3|vPBo  Q:or  . 3f 
n [o  
3 iiPToa7 
1=g  b
7 m )`jlLiF W KqJ%
ir d
6-18
gE
lC35
9o>
347.98 
;
21.14 
Q;
320.76
; ;
5.28
3

3.1

ÆT7  bKLi W KqJ%
rd
2[
82003 
n k
82013
Æ.  ;
40010 C35 ;=D)`j
81004
1 %2 X|
84004
Æ.Q;
84023
Æ.;g;

7 7o> zK 
k 27.450 0.686
>
2.310
m3

313.000

0.986

3

251.020

0.031

m

>
>

3.2 

2X3-;

4.360
5.280

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

124

ir d
1-1
1-2
1-3

p)=
50000m hv
50000m hT
20000m hT
2
2
2

9z T% v%
5";
2.7
2.3
5";
2.9
2.5
5";
3.1
2.6
3.3 

3SBK;
ir d p)
1-15
71 p
1-15
71 p
1-16
qv
1-16
qv
1-17 
p
1-17 
p

/{
16m h
16m hJ
25m h
25m hJ
25m h
25m hJ

\;9z ;|%
5";
4.7
5";
4.2
5";
4.9
5";
4.5
5";
5.4
5";
4.8

3.4 

4V : -;i
ir d p)
2-1
71 p
2-2
qv
2-3
qv
2-4 
p
2-5 
p
2-6 
p

/{
h
25m hJ
25m hJ
45m hJ
45m h
25m

\;9z ;|%
5";
5.7
5";
5.6
5";
6.1
5";
5.7
5";
6.8
5";
7.3

3.5 

5Æ.;
ir d gE
\;9z
;|%
3-1
4t 5"; + V : -;
7.0
3-2 
8 5"; + V : -; + 4t 3.4
3.6

 Q7o Ui  bio
\  ?qJ%
4.

: R  VC)k="%v

125

3

T = A + A × ξ + A × λ + A × (1 + ξ + λ) × ζ
+ 3.4% × (A + A × ξ + A × λ + A × (1 + ξ + λ) × ζ) 

0T= bio,A= ==g b;,ξ= SB:-;;|λ= V:;;|ζ= V4t 
3.1 t'%D 
7kG 2 Æj  4880m 8m 6 `5 28mm ?
t 1000 |,I%
A = 1000, ξ = 2.9%, λ = 5.4%, ζ = 7%, 1z# ! uP  >_)%
2

(1) 1000 × (1 + 2.9% + 5.4%) = 1083;
(2) 1083 × 7% = 75.81;
(3) (1)+(2)=1158.81;

/ K = 1158.81× 3.4%=39.40
(5) z# ! =1158.81+39.40=1198.21 ,Vl7 
N 
>jZ VZ"
1.
 n 7o L W s 
n7o%`}L  bK\ C nJ1PB1o . n V : -  
7  bKPL  Q; ;F [ : -;V4tQ;
2.
 n 7o LUi Q b
Z= x%
ZZ%PBf5UiQ  F; ;(
Z%V_^ g Ui : -;FV4t(
Zx%Ui7  bK n 7o 
3.2 PC3q℄q z15   '  4.05m yq}1. 9 y
qg # "U' ! >Hz%
w g CV0m%
Vt%24.34 ,/ × 15  =365.10 ,
S2t%282.03 ,/ m × 4.05m =1142.22 , 
Ct%5.76 ,/ m × 4.05m =86.40 ,
U  %1593.72 ,
7t%m ? t × 34%=541.86 ,
(4)

3

3

3

3

3

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

126

"a%m ? t × 8%=127.50 ,
#  %2263.08 ,
"U' ! %2263.08 , ÷4.05m =558.79 ,/ m

 n 7o Ui  bio
3 

n 7o \oHLJ bioL\  ?qJ% 
bio =  bK ×  n 7oL i + C ; + 8 
=T 
bKp`}TC  ( 
n 7on`} ℄eÆ6> i PBo   Ui(
C ;K"V i W-i :  C im!LL [;℄e  bK+rUi
Iiz 
3.3t 2 Æz1F ! *x_)%
&d
gE2[
8>
1
==g  bK;7\o n \ 167440.00
2
"-gE;7\o n \
149800.00
3
Æ.gE;7\o n \
108250.00
4
C;
90000.00
5 
8
20000.00
n\
535490.00
3

3

3.7 

s VZ"nBh
bLgE
 Q7o \oHC
7oT W
 Q; ; 

n 7o \oHC
 Q; ; 
: -;FV4t 
}  W
 bK;7 :
K W bK;7P_EL-  f 
fh\Zw 
bK 
℄Z
℄Z
Po}
℄Z 
℄Z`} Æli
PB. n } 0}, 4 ; 5"1PBo  Po 
b.
n [o +  br}
n [o +  br}
3.8

: R  VC)k="%v
3

127 

%Y 
jnC~ 
IdP%Y%Y 
jVZ2 (GB50500-2003) nF)K
K,{ i , fo= %
1 n 6 Q
ÆTZ 3 Q C i%
LQE K i~E K 
1!}L 2 szÆoN5>f
2 q3 9 Q
3  bK;7rL 14 Q
K%Z C i==g  bK;7"-gE;7 i Æ.gE;7ÆT 
_EL"-gE 
4  bK;7\o 10 Q
ÆTZ 2 Q C i% 
z0B' ! Æ+
UB / >C{xz0B'G38x1LQt
+
uQu8zt 8xt)H8xtR>t/ K 
Z 7 Q C i  b}ULrLAn.
Z 8 Q C i`}PoLAn
5  bK;7FÆ\o  ? 6 Q
C iN  bK;7  ? i bK;7\o  ?p  
, fo= %
fo A % p  b  bK;7gEF\ C n
fo B %}O}  b  bK;7gE\ C n
fo C%/}  b  bK;7gE\ C n
fo D %P"  b  bK;7gE\ C n
fo E %DV}Æ  b  bK;7gE\ C n
fo A fo E T_E C iN  bK;7gELr 2[\K7 
bK\ C n i bToI6brL==g  bK;7L℄e

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

128 

aSn%Y|K 
V0- p i$ p1  bK-  hKFwVhKgEL-  }(
P"9-  bK℄PGl io>ZlDV}Æ i ℄P p
Gbz`zQH27 gEL-  } 
N%Y 
jnC~Jq
1    b  bK;7\o C ( iL h  b-  GW C (
2 }
3 -  fCFSqQ
4 -  -52-  0\
5 L h2W- 4 o  L C iQ 
s%Y
nVw:
1 ==g  bgE
\ H%℄e  b)1   b  bK;7\o C (fo A fo E
TC  L  bK\ C n?\  
3.4
8)+\9 18x=P 010203001)0' 
m z0>
>I% 
s  n 9}G2jy~\Ny~[w~℄  >
s%tz8)+\9 d M)j 40m 20m9\ 0.3m[w 6 mI 
z18)+\9z0%
3

[2 × (40 − 0.3) + 2 × (20 − 0.3)] × 6 = 712.3m3 

3.5 jqo)  0' 
m z0  >>I% 
s  n Qjjy~N~j  >
s%tz1 & X  0.5m 12 qo1N 10m'  25 
\p1 I z qo1z0%
2

3.14 × 1 × 10 × 25 = 785m2 

"-gE
"-gEL\K7
g  bK;7rL3=1   b  bK;
2

: R  VC)k="%v

129

3

7\oC(T
3.3.1 "-gEZ! TSzL"-gE2[℄egEL6
bP,lUiK
7q
p  b L"-gE;7qJ %
&d
gE2[
7 zK
1 
NN
g
1
2 
0- 
g
1
3
/O- 
g
1
4
X3g
1
5
Xv- 
g
1
6
+ ; X?zBF/< g
1
7
)`jv6)`j8BF(p g
1
8 
Yp
g
1
9
fy  bFXN
g
1
10
-  i
g
1
3.9 

Æ.gE
iPK%;b8Q & J;hKQ3;[ gE;QÆT[ gE 
 egH>_ESz  Q; L2[\K7 i \zKQ 
`sgE(
T h) rgE7S 
%Y 
jn)KO`r^ 
bK;71   b  bK;7\o C (TZ 5 {TZ 1 * C iL 
bK;7  ?zgToK% 
1D) 
2N !* 
30 
4==g  bK;7 
5"-gE;7 
6Æ.gE;7 
7[  )gE;7
\zg  ?qJ%
3

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

130 

^I%^O)K
*********

%Y%Y 
j 

} % 
7n{ 
i/ : 
%n{
T4; $ i/ % %n{
io  b)Fs.& d:%n7Vw{
rL3v%
℄Qk 
^%J=w 
bK;7FÆ\o  ?T,PB%n{LW-m! C iL7 i
F%n{ 
bK;7FÆ\o  ?TLe l ToJ#q}|2hk 
bK;7\o  ?TS0L,PNPL7o in o`} pNP 
NPL7o in oS g;fK W `  bK;7LÆ.7o in oT
8o ph i A 
^N: q"
℄erLL6b>d>L--r~_EL0 
^s%O*%Y 
j
& d gEr d gE2[ \K7  bzK

3.10

: R  VC)k="%v

131

3 

^%fW*&j
&d

gE2[

3.11 

^%7z*&j
&d

gE2[

3.12 

^6%Æ4%*&J
&d
2[
1 

2 

Q

3

;

\K7

zK

3.13

N%YFqZnC~ 
IFqnC~JqO℄h
1 rL℄e 
p  b-  K0hK\o : -H `Z 107 dZeQ C i%

132

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

}}UrLL℄e %1L 3L i &ÆRD5HP -"V "i :  
LiL  bio\oHhFÆ. 4C i(2PBo  ; 
es C iE' b}ULrLiP℄ehJ9^Q i % 
1T - iL L 4 y C hF L 3L i &ÆRD5HP "V "i : LiL 4 bioLC i 
2  b}TUiL\o℄e i \oH}L3QK 
-n[T C i  bhK-h5s3W#L;hF}Ld
;( Qr i Q`}U\ 3\ P i H;Tom!0}
T 4 H;QLPBZH 
3 b\fCSq0F}3L\U-  SBWQ 
v9FSBNQ 4 QhF1\fCUiL2} C  L  bK;7
Q\ 4 9Q 
4T - iL VW-L  b }K   b-  m!7 
L Sq}C ( iC b 
5$L-  0\-  -5-  Sq"-Q 
6 b-  SBWQv9QSBN i QF$Æ\>L
4 Q 
7}3L  QXF-  ; 3=QLPPBo  ;hF
L h2W- 4 ",foL C i
2 rLAn
rL}U$1JSAn% 
1 e L h  L℄Z  bgE =℄Z\K7℄Z\ C nhF fC} ' L hV2W-vLiiL hVWC iLSq} C (hFPPBo  Ui  bK i rL}U 
2}U) } L 
o  >B0PBL6bxÆ\ n P4&
R i N&  bQK 
3}U  b_^4t8Q_Z
L`vL gE` 
) 2l  l o  hT 
4}U|v  QX; 3=Qo  xÆ~K : ;Æ.;4t8hF;;d>; Kq;"-;r 
"-;-  Sq"-;SB~;NQQ$ 1 io  L|v 
bLFQ8Q

: R  VC)k="%v
3

133 

5Z  bAWrLZ }U 
6}UrLy_ y F3D`t}'=  N%," Q b}U
L FtN%keJj 

% jZ VZ"%nFqC~
==g  bKL; 5";5";h  Q; Lp b KFÆ\ 
o  Ui
v";4t81iTH; ^\ 
sq%}UrL$LfCSqQ\o}iF\ 4 io
QQQ!0`} yOZH 
N 
>jZ VZ"%nFqC~
==g  bKL7oW [  )gE O;7oO;7o n \
y_==g  b,#L5";v";4t8Q
}UrL!1SB6b>n -L-  -&ÆRD5HP "
i : LkL 4 bio\oH?rL
}UW$Æz&L p#> =B4}Uq9S  bio`S
%bqTHP}U℄Y$i?rLvp T& 2003 ℄   b
; ifKyO$   b  bK;7\oC (T C iLgE i \
C nLio&`  bK;7\oHLJL  b; i 
sFqZ 3.F>ZnS
1 y C }UL 4C i 
}`}Z/QZ C i 
} }UL}Um!N% 
Z /Q C i 
}UL='|}U  
}F& i }-b C iZ/eQZ C i 
} }UL
}U=N% `}3) '|  
b gE-  }`} : -HZ,/,Q C i 
} }UL
}U`}3=) '|:J) }L Z℄e  
0' p0P"9-  b-  }`} : -HZ/ZQ C i 

} }UL=℄e L h C iL  bK\ C nF} C iL\o-
i PBrL}U `t}'N%Z }  bAWrLZ }U 
2 }U)

134

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

0' p0P"9-  b-  }`} : -HZ /xQ C i%
JS>.ZL}F&hPB`} )zi)0 C  \ 4 Q% 
1}UL`}PoS&}U n -M}L( 
2}UL`}Po0OS&Æ.`}PoWS&ÆV_^L
K}F&&gii`} LPoS&ÆV_^LWl~ T}
w , 2T}  
Thwz}UL) % 
1}UI} K  bL 
9IUi  b n [o  L'|℄e 
2}UI}F&}L'|9I r K`} `}PoII n Lo} i '|℄eh;2`} q9o is 2}ohF`} S&Æ_^
oPo
3 }U
L  b`LO[D- 
1
L  bPoLX
}UI} K  bioL 
9hw)IK -  L` 
J)b"V$ & h}ULZiRo9JioXI n -LE'O L
# &Ap C ih} L}UR3%-5%) PoX['L
C ℄eH&  b gE-  }`}H30 d `Le/ Q C i%
Ug}PC1 2 s>p2 sB2 s ^Ug ! Æ* yA1
Ps  > / f (PUo>Cf1Æ*A}BUg4E6--8
xxQ xag Æ- T xaW-1APs  >Ab-8x
xQ uNN}Y 
2
L`} q9o2S&Æ_^oPo 
}F& i }-b C iZ/ZQ C i%
`}QbT}F&S`} LPo0OS&Æ.`}Po2 ` 
}U30OS&}U;Æ`}PoWS&Æ _^L=PBi`}
)zi)0 C  \ 4 &0Q`} W n -02 WC  \ 4 &0 
QL}F&gii`} hS&_^oR}Æ`})9}- 
3
L  b9^p b ;2?`} T} y ^  }QbJ  bQK 
%

: R  VC)k="%v
3

135

WYD'I%Æ}UTL
==g  bK;7;  b6Hp b
;hZib7jq  b}9oT?
L==g  bK;7;Po

4S WT}qTHPL}-T^[- 
Fqn=0}
1 rL : 1rL F9^QPB%wVs=; FL9^SW0Q i 3V
GH 
2rLW^%`[ZW^2`[W^w {f[wVvLN" 
30-%`ZDj : -2I=z`[L F:27\N% 
45 F%0rL F : -\[ 
5'D}%'D} FLN%[3 FO O a  
6rv;LN%L}L :%yL : -L}0;L I) a }UN%
L℄PN&
2 ;Æ}UL`}TL) I0l}UN%L  ^N& 
1l)}U}
$KL S`}o`}Po2}U'j}9oL n _ 
2;Æ}U`}9oTLW
}U'j}9oL n_:,xbSr& 20% (2 }UL_'j n _
q1ZibSÆ}UT==g  b;Ls}9o;ÆN}U)[3
$h2?`} q9o
§4

mFbC/O?4

ImFbnC~
$\  b)-  }A(^?r~ 
IFH=wnC/
1 1 ÆQ5"
2 xÆ)Q!℄e  b^}-?ELQUi a }( 
} 
L`SB1v( `}(? i t}3v(0U`}PoL-?-`

136

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

}LL) i }$L-Q 
>ObnC/
1 n [YQ5"|5s}T
2 n [wQ!. n b-  }LELK( 
SB-  QhF
`  b}% n [ : -}
LLTogZ | NsEwQF 
rQT
r~ n [Q$
j n [ LAnKW ( $`}%?Dj
-LTop` n [QT?0U ) }To n [ : --)`
}%bhK L n [t gEO n[7%b  hK h L;
&^O T^O4&  bL` : -2?`}
SoT}{o)q LE 
#
n [wQr~30} r= " Y q-0} L}q
f LsE}T[3sq℄r~ n [wQ2^PÆ} L
n -F n PB~sE n [Q2}Ti_}T` n LQ 
zS 
N>RjbnC/
n [SqQLr~;}L`} ^}  bL-  ToSq C
(&EL } kPBhFSqQ5QTohu`ÆT} y ℄
eT - iL S C  b }C ( i k}gE,`W  b 
L : - C i}TLSqPBQy_  b r~L-qJ
1 L hS-  GW}C ( i kdbQ℄e  bFEL}C (
2[ i r d ~sSqQ
2 Æ  bfC=wVÆfC2[C^ d Q~sSqQ
3 Zwy:&-  fvLSqPB2-  kdPBhF-  f
TFELQX}}OPBQToSB : -PBQ) SqPBL
To~sSqQ 
s%Y 
jnC/
℄e}(
i   b  bK;7\o C (GB50500-2003TLfo
A fo E TgEr gE=)\ 7 i bK\ C n?r~ y LsE 
}
 bK;7  
Fb^nC/

: R  VC)k="%v
3

137

S  b-  }A(^TpSzN`}L  ?FToZ
=Lr~℄e}  bLgH>?H`?  ?ÆLr~3
sq$Z AnK
`}} LAn?r~}3FELTo
`O$LA(^T`}  ?L9h?Zrj:}
PLTo2^PSsE`}  ?Th'rj`} Lv  )K 
3FF < 

℄egE^ i bo  
9, n  ) 2KL S`}o
$H\L},LkgHLSq} i 3}=}} i - 
mFb?4 
I?4℄\b 
}X5Q %
1   ;fK.x4;. O JEN "i : LX5g
2 y_N}Lr~L)Az} i X5F PB
3 } fKg}`}jnN {
4 N~N 4 X5   
mFbnTSW?4 
"i : }℄5LqJTo%
1 0T - iLn [}`}y C FW--  } : - C iL
O n 
2 0T - iL b }C ( i W-  b  : - C iLO n 
3 II`SQ QQQTo 
"i : y_5 y `}jnX5{ y }h? 
`
§5

&VvTWmFgK

I&VvTn&n
Y Q SB|8℄`} r=N0-  SBL [Qq v Z( 
bp
2QYQQWfYGv ZT-  H-  bbHWJ

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

138

-b"b : Z`> : ZQP"-W p10^  bLh+
W!NL pYGb"Q- 
&VvTnx 

1 `} %E
$`} =y:N~%E L-?℄`} %E ) a N%  )|4 
} / v4 'jSB|8L`} -
2 SB|8L0
ELSB|8LlZSBQiP FL/i4 LToQ)z/i
`0SB|832^P7y0> `} 2>w`} Q =8Æ.
`} L50)EZS[a i `>Q3LG a ))F
3 }( L-FX5
`} }fCCzLi)!EhF`} `SB|8 Q bTCz
L [!Ep  zi)0() }LrZ$SBZ!Z(
L-?phi)(_  
}( -3PzS`} L2[P0!ELHFzy_ y jn} {``}(?3v' 15 kP "i : X5F 
`} 
§6

uFW3F

IuF 
IieFb
1CCih n"W+ 
&L2 &=iW^LhF1
}PB%D`}}0L=iW^ }T0UL`}"W
W^Z t}W^dk"W`}L Fk>}T 4 &`} 
LD}D)n{Qv 8 PBO n }%DPBL`}`5
G y *Æ%DO n }TL%D C i[3U#Æ?Zk``}(
?3v'℄\
"W`}L[3PB`} \`}N&8 5GÆII n u

: R  VC)k="%v
3

139 

n U#Æ``}(?3v'℄C 
3.6 t|7|$, UB 2002  1 9A| 2 szZ+}+ 8
}eNiB B r & m 10 %00 biB /A 8 }GeDiB /? 
M N|!8x  a'% V $ K
|t9u2Æ%4R97 2Æ%4/ iBVAs B6u_- sBGA
8s B*[m 8 %30 u/  iBV0%q~| 2 szZ+}+ 8 }G
; 8 iB / ) +5'` 8 }GGA8mq^Th.%q4  s
NB
h ℄8<u<$u<- 8 }G| T 9 %58 u
/  iBV v iB / uG=-iB /? 8<| T 10 %01
u/V0| T ABiB / 34 /  iBVq)iB / v
; 8 iB / UBV33 ? |!8x  a'%
X*hyr
1| T oH1 B r & N ? /  iBV:!8x  a'%
XEC
G^JW|UB'%:)GV1n1CUB'GVHÆ!
!8x  a'%
Xl0u { ? \/  iBV1iB /%UBiB
^ 
62 s
7Q 1fN.^;XiBV -A 15 u !8
x  a'%
X fn *^/  iB / 4 ? WX s B 
3.7 tz UB)UB / }>CiB / +JiBKQul
QuR  %QueQu(xUB / }g>CiBKQuW'Lhy; 8
iB / 1g; 8 UB#  *{I>BÆ
iB /?tuiBV1iBK!)HiB /yAu+4  
G?1/V0NB
UB / }SiB / x6 y1>Cm ?? 
1)Æ
nB iBV1iBKyA1+4 UB#  * 4 +4
s IiBK3nB\iBVZY iBV1yN~U
UB / 1>CÆ>B
~V E 1 iBV1yN~UUB / >
C\ / C4 Z 8  B0uÆ/ s B//~  \ M N
BUB#  * 4 iBViB / yN~UUB / 1rE UB
/ }13Æ>C: B0u M N1 H o B0uS M N1a:A
Pxa4 iB>B
B D G% '  iBV/h1)iB1>B :|o^!
R M Ni;)i;1%iB / 1y{~UUB / 1rEUB# 
**ZiKiiB / A T H1UB#  * ' a^ M N13  H M `

140

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

1nBzZDnUB#  *Y { iB / 1yW B0uCiiB 
>B1.^N~U.NUBiB1^>>CrEÆ[UB#  *HF M
N B
i; / 1Æ!&U*^$-1NdzZHm ? Fx1 8
xF M Nz UB 
uFWF
1 t}&xL0
) }+oL0 0 a t}&x) IÆ0 Q bTLZg ℄PL 
)~ `.'L}+o|SB|8v9^IY Q by_L 
t}&xnI} `} F}`}r :  ['jLZ&x[3
&K Q t}`} hN0Æ.`} L`}; t!U/ t
}&xm!h{}℄S 
b-  t}&xLYb&qJ% 
1/i a 'jt}L 4 \Crv  ) FF`} L, 
21YLt}b&0t}YL  b-  )t}b&qJ%
A ik *`}(?t}t= 4 `}(?3v'WELu`} 
L`} 27
B ik 4 'jt}L} / Q
C rv F5G} i `} i/ _Lqi i A&A
D } / 
E rv F i `} / 5G`}v 8 > rv F*5G.
O
F M}t=℄Mz`}Po 
QK`}N&8#QhFÆ
.}T C i!MzLToQ
G ik ℄2!`} M}. O )|x
H  }Uo  
I `} M}. O ?%Ug
J ik *t}.x 
3M}3sqLO !E%
A ``}(?3v'"WL`}p!M}
B [Z `} L`}M}I`}N&8=M 
2
) M n 
0I

: R  VC)k="%v

141

3 

M}3P 8 T:2``M}3$RG3D3 t} Q b
TP>> L`})u9}Q~ It} FLL>I}
F&LL>
2 m`}G
Y Q t}^o}0 Wxm}Gq`} II }}U
o  IIjQ!E?`0}F&}3W?\5
mi`} L`}II` C  
hJ#Y Q I 7 ?Z0 
3.8 tz UB1 s B  I_)%
iBV iB- !, S (t) - (t) wS (m ) {0 '
A
28042000
1879
886.36
5422
U 347
B
28040000
1869
885.63
5419
U 345
C
27376600
1766
5818
833.62
U 362
D
28059000
1877
5241
887.35
U 365
E
30263600
1595
6286
485
U 356
F
25363862
1575.34 6546.61
744.4
U 346
D 3.14 
mD}d { ~PQiBMÆ_)% 
+iBV ABD 1-!ReSqBri ?O - ! 3 2 |,-
u eS0iBV A B G--wS0ri ?O XETVfzz1
/  iBV1-wS0!)HiBV N3dPQA`D 4 Æ
`-018iBxwS `wS018iBx-0W?*pi ?
O NU_i_G1 P  5uwl1/HJ)/  5u
wI1NHJ| a su { /  iBVB 
u iBV D! AB 36 = eV1- ! eS0i ?O UB /
}VCVJ0  h ! Ab1- ! i 
A\- ! i
)iBV1- ! R
S20i3 O 1NHJG~{ ~  5mYiBV ABD Afi
BN1 { Ur(j B0uaWf g M W m C{Ce  iBV & 
{ABN 
u iBV EF/[- ! 3 O 500 |)S-0i ?O sN
UiW(j B0uS/  1iB- !M NY℄xaaBfz\u[1
C

3

142

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

-M WC/  iBV1iBN 
3.9 tzV
CV0h ! Z atO 1iB- ! i 
B7}1
uQu8ztuCKX! B   ! 1  >
iBV iB- !, {0 ' iB,f K
A
29280000
U 324 

B
29250000
U 320 

C
29480000
U 335 

D
29300000
U 342 

E
29500000
U 318 

D 3.15
s B  I_D 3.15, zB7 !  - )D 3.16 
B7 !  {0 ' B7=y'

30180000
U 356
*****
D 3.16
)}iBV1- !  OA [-2%0] F & /Wu%60 u s B  IDR
UB / }>C1- ! i 
iBV1- ! i ?O  5mAB7  m) 1
3% -FxiB- ! i ?O G~{ ~PQ5UB1B7EF~[ 
GiBVB 
3F 
I2V3F^Enzf<E 
T - iL }`}Zx/ Q C i 
}} ℄ L
}F&dk Zx/7Q C i
el 7 i J7q; }L Q b
i . O  
}F& i }-b C iZ Q 
}F&℄ dk}
+ok} l~T} w , 2  e} L_L5"UiT}   
3FnJq 
}L℄e}F& i }-b C iZ/ Q C i 
}F&
=  e}T C iL}} i -`}?C℄W i b
}T C iL} i -J) }L℄e  
N3FY>

: R  VC)k="%v
3 

b-  }$L}b&qJ%

143 

1}F&wh%E 
2DTN : }F&whLY7  g 
3}F&l,}F&ieF 
4k}F&4  bFt}>4 }} i - 
5}F&?O n 5 C `} L- 
6}F&bSq} 
7}F&b3} 
8}F&y_ %m}P 
9Y7  g}F&0z 
s3Fx8YR
MnQ 
℄eE'L}`}yp} dkCz}gE `}TL
kz C n(`} }℄e C n?`}(`}. O LmnOL 
℄ L}F&dkI } Q bT y Z 4 *)  
}+oL0 `} Q bTsqhJO !E%
1 }F&}TL}} i -># s3P U0N
2 k}F& 8 W4 t}>C}F&5`}  C  
iPI } i q9o 
3 O n 5 
n L`} 1 C }TL C ig 
g Æ`} Æ`}N a hX5G
4 3}`}PogE : -; $ QTL 8 }=}}F&
,_FL}. O ZHSZH3Y Q }`}r : F}F
&ievÆk
5  }F&_F}.|x`}P%3PBÆ
Ci)- ^o`5
6 }F&0z'}F&N%  ))?ZPB Æ}3L
[^o *}CW"
hJaZ mi`} Y`}L7  
3.10 tz UBs BZ.)}/  iBVggp1?i
B- !R V138 B B0uS/  1iB /M N1'wxa*^ 
C/  iBVB B0u1 m _)%

144

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

/U.wFH A < B dFnsP
iBV A R B iB- ! ReS0 R V38Q B0uSY[1iB
/M N1'wS6!uYA_)[% 
1iBV A R B AiB" D}-0gH=wS0gH!
)}-0iBV A +>"} 7303 T)AiB"} 886 (WiBV B I 
+>"} 7604 T)AiB"} 885 T(wS0uE+>"}1 473 R 493
&ifgmA 5422 R 5419 &if *Ng)Ab^1*p3 O  
2Xz  C M N->wS05= 5419 &if(-0I
5! 493 T/  iB- ! .1{L3g1?**pu ?O  
3/1 (js  5uw)} J yq 9 D8jjq
oB481 i^k&}A = UPS3g 
g ~mu B0uCiBV A R B A5ziB}fiB
B0u4 %*** *** *** *** *** ***
****  ** 9 ** [ 
QSn3TnpFZ3F
℄eSLT - iL  Ci}F& i }-b C i$
KL S`}o}Z1hJb&?%
(1) }X
(2) O n 5
(3) Sq} n 
(4) `}PoIIS&Æ_^o
(5) UiT}
$KL S`}o0-  }L 4  i P^`&0}F& 
`} PoIIS&_^oLgHLb&AT - iL w
\ F&Q }F& i }-b C iZ/ZQTC i%
`}QbT}F&S`} LPo0OS&Æ.`}Po2 ` 
}U30OS&}U;JÆ`}PoWS&Æ _^L==PB`
} )z0 C  \ 4 &0Q`} W n -02 WC  \ 4 &0
QL}F&gii`} hS&_^PoQ}Æ`})9}-

: R  VC)k="%v
3

145 

06b C iNmi`} PoIIS&Æ_^oLb& i -%
(1) }F& PoWS&Æ_^o
(2) Czi)Q
(3) `} ?i)0
(4) }F&"b`} L0Nngii`}PoS&Æ_^oIn
gii`}PoS&Æ_^o 
Ll Y Q O n 54Sq}. n L`} Z=
TPo SLt=℄e}T C iL Qt=UgÆ`}PoIIS&
Æ_^oq O SPo`} C iL (
Tn!$hb&? 
ig)}F& y Llxq l p`)z SPoIIS&Æ
_^PoLlx
u}F& SPoL.IS&Æ_^on(
TLS
Po$\[b&?℄)l 
3.11 t_7<_DziB- ! 1 xHz B0u1/ m *
5iB- ! 5)x5 ! 1 m R5- ! N5)x5 ! 1 m 
t_7 < _Dz. 9  #D *8m 6 `8)2 Æj  8426m  
zB7!  15377450 ,Vl7 2003  8 9(j UBV T x1
*5iB ! ^PC}BVUB / }>CS- ! 5B7 !  10% ~m1iB
- !M N{5)x5- ! 1 x)S2- ! oNh ! ' 5  iBVX 
1iBs B^Z./  1iB- ! 5B7 ! 1 10% - ! uEiB
V A %1306450 ,Vl7-15%RiBV B %13679300 ,Vl7-11%
B0uXm&zZ MN1 x5 iBV1%Bo Uw g
xiB-! {5)x5- ! 1 xzZ M NS/  iBV1z+>" M
N1 8xaH!)HiBV1z+>"RB7}1z+>" M N1u!
6 = Z.iBV A A)z+>"}Sz}1SR-- !  = ! 
)HiBV- ! %S 3600 ,/TiBV A  2800 ,/T(- 350 ,/TW
iBV A  230 ,/TW 2003  8 9x S-!}NS ! 19xa 
B0u:iBV A Z1 B{zK 
X>C1& iBV A Zr1"j1n)}SS- !  2800 ,/T
= u" ! 5 1200 ,/T1- E )A 2002  M 1 800 TSAkq
HZ$1lUfnS-- ! = u" ! 5 120 ,/T1 E )AW0
|uU1U/lS)$Æ !  230 ,/T B0u- iBVka
2

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

146

m1G1SZ. L  200 T-g M  &  2002  3 9| T uU 
>CIpu1m'
M N(_mD GZ.NU(^ 
2Ipm D GZRNUg  B0uC iBV5)x5 ! - !
Y Bm "L _)%
/UFH A pU7XAZoFnsP
******* z UB B0uw g E  4z ! B7>CR
UB /}4:W M `iB- ! {5)x5 ! zZ1xQ F 1SiBV A
1iB- ! Rz+>" M N1Y℄xaZ.)S- !  2800 ,/T= u"
! 5 1200 ,/T-- ! 230 ,/T= u" ! 5 120 ,/T!hx6 ! 
-fN~ B0u:)Z1 B{zKiBV A ArK}S 
S- !  2800 ,/T= u" ! 5 1200 ,/T1- E )A 2002  M 1
800 TSAkqHZ$1lUfnS-- ! = u" ! 5 120
,/T1 E )AW0|uU1U/lS)$Æ !  230 ,/T
B0uSiBV A S--!11na:1),i$Y)E 
{ ~ B0u ? ))SS- ! 1 E  B0uN ? _)%
1  iBVAS{zK11n}v)A 2002 +V1 800 TS) M! 
2800 ,/T{L { ~$Æ5zS1) B0uA)kam
Z. L  200 T-S { ~$5z5NW&rE' ^
2 XE  >f1>CIpi^ B0uSS M N1IpH9 8 ****** 
m M N{0 ' aD RNUm- ^
w g ~m B0uCiBV A A5iB}~5)vx5 !
Y B
B0u%4o
****  ** 9 ** [
w g xzZ B0uS5- ! )z+>" M N1 8 xR6
= iBV B A)uQu8z- ! }' ! z0 o !)HiBV- ! B7
3 O 'w xZ.iBV B - ! 5B7 11% 1-) 4 -t"a 8% s
1 5%p$# 2V-tC | 4%gV  % 7 5zx5 2%
B0uS)V1  % { NQM N1ug \ Y{ ~VH\p
B0u a Mx14iBV B 1- ! N5)x5 ! 1 m _)%

: R  VC)k="%v

147

3

/UFH B >ZLpU7XAZnsP
******* z UB B0uw g E  4z ! B7>CR
UB /}4:W M `iB- ! {5)x5 ! zZ1xQ F 1SiBV B
1iB- ! Rz+>" M N1Y℄xaY)iB- ! N5)x5 ! 
_)%
iBV B A)uQu8z- ! }' ! z0 o !)HiBV- ! B7
Rh!3O )- ! 5B7 11% 1-)4 -t"a 8% s1 5%p$
# 2V-tC | 4% gV  % 7 5zx5 2% g B
0uS)V1  % { NQ M N1ug \ Y { ~VH
w g ~m B0uCiBV B 1- ! N5)x5 ! 
B0u%4o
****  ** 9 ** [ 
} `0}F&`} PoIIS&Æ_^Po3C} 
F&`)zlx'. n b L6b>?r=&P=_X&^
}gEInWi_  b TZw)"LRVJ) 7 ^I& 
} Q bTNN?r=&-L y `$ 
3.12 t|ÆuÆ%Gzu 8 UgPZ+V T x1*5iB !
^(j UB
! x B0uZ.tBP- ! *51iBV s 1-!})A8x
1'8-!5 = )HiBV1- ! 5)HiBV'i- !  40 ,Vl7/m ,
iBV s L  16 ,Vl7/m T HaS\siBV s - ! *51m ?  
X>C1zZ B0u:iBV s Z1{zK>C1 & iB
V s S)A8x'i- !  16 ,Vl7/m 1-/1"j E ) 
T H.hK t Z.A 2 %G1ko/℄8Dq 30cmm ) a W&s  R
>frE1AH m ' mU' ' ! (xuD B0u T Hx
aiBV s 1"jS2H-.h  K t Z.iBV s G&H g {x1

4iBV s 1- ! N5)x5 ! 1 m  ? 1iBV s 1iB 
zqm*8Nd
7Q Z.zko?)1XUwN 3 f-1
! ~ gkon4#jf)ko! ~ 1` n4qUJ  Nnzi 
T Hw`a-TZ. B0uA/
4iBV s 1- ! N5)
3

3

3

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

148

x5!1m `u x M)z 2 s^'6_q8b8℄n4q
4k W ,b[WFx1z  x5o11i >
§7

3Fk7*_W?4

I3Fk7*_
℄egE,`W "i :L: -Ci`}F&y_}Py  
}. O ?  A"b`} LrvF3L? C SlL# A

Z 3-5 L 
ALiPTo % 
1gE2[r d ( 
2t}}3v( 
3}. O %T} 2i&LT} w , 27 y J=Q( 
4b-`L72[W;bFC  
A
.x y `E#} hH-}PT}Y*iL
X5Y)q`En0 "i : Z?f5-`E
y. y WH-}P i T}Y*iLX5Y) 
3FFk7?4 
A
TzS`2`EfK-y}. O ℄YuL'CJN
~ 4 X5  H-}. Oi T}Y*iX5Y) 
}T}. O X5.x y hkT} zT}Y*i[3Y*,
T}Y 
§8

>|.W>?4

I>|. 
T - iL }`}Z /eQT0U C i 
} i T} =
ÆT}Y*iz.kx/kT1} i T} L`}k:i) n
[ Z,/YQT$?Z C i 
} 0T} 1} i T} L`
}k: n [L !
k`k h 
T}gE8!=.,h!=.

: R  VC)k="%v
3

149

/hJL } i `}^ $ _Z
LN 0
hf L 4 CZ8`}
T}[ 4 C^ $ _N-L n [ 4 C/ ℄%k n [}$}?,l-  7ÆTiPL n [Q`}TfKKnU#Y Qn
[8mÆTL n [Q?6QkK`}`}v,j  T} Zw
Q2℄Æ?Z)z#hfhFÆ.L#Q 
0, n [8miP`& n [QT W nLbq`}T
0U C i
n [%k3x LEg2I}T
n [Q L?Z0
UEÆ i ry&}T W nL2I`hLKTohY Q 6
b-  3-%k
 bx  7 
 b%&7 L-?0lW` n [8mT
,j  T}  h
In0Æ%k-  hK n [ \P| 
} 2}/-; $ `? n [8m3sqhJO !E% 
1 bKL( 
0}(
yOZH 
2n [o[T}o 
QK}gEK-QTo℄eT} ``
}TLhfN~ 
3b ) ogEK`} i ( TzSLb ) ogE2[b )
o\K7Q) n [f 
4k  QX0U  3vW^ i Wf;Lh5 
5Æ.} n [Q0}TL n [Q\[ 
6}T
n [Q LEÆrToQ-&_ZHq
y hSsrQ 
>?4 
KhK-y_N n [%m y N~ 4  E n [ : -H- n [
X5Y)L
n [X55LiPToI5 n [TII`$y C LQI
I`SQ2 QQ0}LKTon [QIIZHT
}o  0T}Y*iIIZHQTo

t 4 l v5X
i;i;VK1D. [ hh  11BF  
§1

mFuk

Iu8Q 
}`~&} Q bT'0}`}L -TzSL C E0
, CH` g ÆÆLubEN6 U $`-?ÆLLu
-  }L`K`-  }L %~ [A~CH 2`}
g ÆbEN  36 } Q b` C ))?k}r : ; $ 2
} LMi : ; 4 z`iPB5E6LZ[L Q bI6S}
`}&rvLZ[gH SÆ A +tw4&SÆPBNC (  b-  
}LW)b&N'0}+o -L n Lu
℄e}`L>#-?F` L-~}`hL= L
` i q`I)~p Æ2`}E}W6Sg } Q b`2
℄)) C Sl' ZI 2`} _SN} L C Sl
?LIZ[SÆPBNLjW( y nIÆ2`}EL6S
L7-B-LHS4&PBO& xw
℄N℄ )6 I&isLL:^ i ^^ U
- a -  T#L [`?N a } i `} -L n LunI
&isL`- }TLgHHSI}r :; $ } }/-; $ `
} }F&Q'0N} Q bL -FLs3 
mF8YnÆÆ2`b 
} Q bTL C EZKhJ7)%
s 1 |%LL>}b-℄; FH
gH S % 
1hn-LQXL2 ip(``} q`  ;QT℄e

: R j<%"v
4

151

}gEL^J}℄e>Z 2O VL>J}2{ 
}Q 
2(``} 6S36q`  ;QT&T&vVC
℄TC℄vV}ZH,L C i0J Q ^&2^C℄>[gvj
=Q 
3,LPB`} _ n H [`}qwW-,LvWV`}!0
^WZhV n 2ÆÆTL=  b=K  ^WLZh2OhVQQ 
4XL`} .vRqiPBsQ,LH-`}#2A 
C i&TVJ =&vVJ =0J&TVTgj =Q
Q
s 2 |%Æ1Rk=nWmFFGzT/nAz<
`} Q bT} 2}/-; $ Æy CC i=N%LToj 
ÆZ 2O bu gH S % 
1j`} L2[zKQ 
2j}Uo   
3j}F&27 
4j  ;>2}> 
5jCC i=N%LW  RL 4 }`}LÆ.>
s 3 |%dF|
gH S % 
1} 0`} Y& UL h4u&  4u2 . n Lu 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z / Q0U C iJS
po} 0`} Y`}%
a. } `t}'t`} Æ`}>*Æ.`} 2 {n`
} V`} kPo(
b. } k`} j}U(
c. } 0`} i`}39S22{}oT} y ^  `} 2} 
vI(
d. } ;LTiT} (
e. Æ. Y`}  
2O 2O`} Y`} 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z /eQ C iJS po
`} Y`}Po%

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

152

`} .v\Ni2{29S`}Po(
b. `} .v\Ni`}gET=h{TSoPo(
c. `} .vL?TRoTiT} Y y ^'j`}(
d. `} .vÆ. Y`}PoL 
`6b}QbT#L>wT40[3/-z `} ?[Z gE
L`}hFTL29`bJL"4 CL? 0  'j[Z gEL`
}po& Y`} 
3`} 0}F&2ÆTZ 2O }wh Y 
[>ZPSZI`} Y Q [gP)UE}wh y kÆ
$25"`}W^Q w }wh kÆ$h
 Æ){=
(4) } z)0}F&wh Y
DL>I} 4ÆdW5"k}wh) { 2`}SB5
"))}wh  Æbu ){=
s 4 |%+<Y|
gH S`% 
1`} imVAmQ$S/SYL)mLVAQ
F 4 &0QQ 
2`} h. 2s`}  b gE-  }`}H30 d `
Z /7Q?Z C ih. 2s`} L W s%
6Gv~HVoiBqiBV3 y )H ' 
~)H'
fH
T~%G1i
}I~{f"~[)H'
)^C#DVA  =y
1iB / m   QR4 4N
s 5 |%mFHI7i}M.nÆ2xmFGz 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z /xQ0U C i}
2 }/-; $ JS)o& C 0}>*=℄L})u%
(1) `=iL4}  L(
(2) L}℄z`}LiL(
(3) Æ}2  ;z`.kFW?z`.k? &,  )
kL(
(4) ℄m!}LgEÆ}t=z.kFC`}(?.
k? &/kL(
(5) =  t}  t}L(
(6) gX}Q?}L(
a.

: R j<%"v
4

153 

=t g Y)tL(
(8) 1gEv g To?}L(
(9) `C`}(?3v y "W`}L(
(10) `} zKO n iPB℄}L 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z /Q0U C i} ` 
}  z`}Li2 `z}2  ; y Y?}L
) =-Y?}+oo& C )) (``} 2 `} i_&+L
=qI&+ 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z /eQ$ C i℄m!
?}LgE} 0`} ^`}o  `}-5Q6QTo?8
mLo& C )) T}. O LT})u
s 6 |%3F8YL2 | 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z /YQ C i} Q b
JS>.ZL})u=℄℄?}2 ℄?}%
(1) ;}UiL}} i -L
(2) }} i - W 9k2 ip`} LTo3-2 XL`} .
vR4 }. O L
(3) ="o5e}F&_FL '0}L
(4) }F&L F F_O n iPBL
(5) }F&FÆ_F`} Q bT 4 }. O L
gH S`% 
1}} i -T W $y C LTo 
2}}`}T  2=  ZwAn`t}'xL^  
2  ^  }} 
3}F&wh1}T  L}} i -} 
4 ))} Q b;Æbu T}QQ
s 7 |%wF:y>Æ2| 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z,/7Q C i%
w^:W M NUB18xUBVÆ*PC o9u1}B℄^V}B
V o9u1}B℄^Vq2}BN {w (ZNLNUg~[UB
/ >CÆ*Z 8 L8,f K WA>C1'1 Z 8 1UBV { ~PC o9
Y1}B℄^V}BV
o9Y1}B℄^V6>C1gp-N4EUg1UBV { ~P
(7)

154

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

C o9e1}B℄^V}BV
UBV { ~K B0um ? PC}BV
E7S}BV1PC=>C1)>C
gH S`% 
1} `}F&y_}P y =0PTl~LT} w , ? 
8m℄ÆELUiT}  
2} `}F&℄l~LT} w , hvUiT}  
3} 1 C i
XUiT} L 
4T}Y*iz y kxT}. O  
5) =-0T} %k n [L2 `%k n [3kT} Czfj
Q2  k n [6QTo 
&s C 0}L>  b gE-  }`}H30 d `
Z7/eQ0U C i%
s8\ w^:W M N UB18xd^N>C}B>1Æ
*wX^N>C1}Ba / )iBV}FPC}BV~[w^F M NU
B
}B>1Z1}Bfh"R4E1Ug `^N8)()N7
Ug}L&A14 Em ai^1a1>(
s 8 |%7zÆÆ27 
}`}QbT} }/-; $ `} }F&Vr : ; $
hF0}`} 4 L FLÆ. C  
NmFunJq 
b}`Iy C ℄-'j}+o -LZ[L>T iL }`}Ze/,Q0U C i%
iBVR)H"I4&VYUBiBzFN~U5^4>C1K:U
BVZ~[w^:4Nd $ KQ i; 
ZQ_CiN`} i Æ.4 U4 C `L$ C iN`Lb- 
)CELVi :   b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z7
/YQ  b gE-  }?Z0U
XT'
RVSz 2 s8x UBiBHz}Zz1^NK:
8xxQ ~[4Nd $ KQ i;~[ e -
K`iHhIV" : -ThI [30UN`b-

: R j<%"v
4

155

gEv2"i : 0 4 & L 3L 4 6-}`}+o"
rvL3k=  LqL H [2000]34 d 2000 ℄ 5 Q 3 kIZH
& 2004 ℄ 8 Q 1 k ?6-L  b gE}`}+o`-H 
11 d `ZxQ  b gE}`} C iqJ%
iBVR)H"I4&VYUBiBzFN~U^N^>R>Q1K
::4Nd $ KQ i;
6Gv)H"I4&VqiBV~x!UB8x~[iBzFm ? R
&? "4&V1^V)H(jRV 
T - iL }`}Z7{ZZ;/ Q}`}+oTzS
LEL5F7)zN C i% 
lNd7Q R)H4Nd
7Q A1lKf wX^N
Nd^>1>CS"Ug IE  "ru%'"1^NG $ K
Æ(*xg+1w^ \ K GX
su`bn|
℄e>#LA~`E9^h= hJx)%
1 P2(
2 0J`}L(
3 0JT} 
x)`EThZ 2, 3 I) T0} `0-  }LO Q b
4 C %2K}  rL  ;}0  b-  
}}Q`} LtnF!hb-9>wh`EL,}℄
j+I y Z)ÆtnObz`}WT}1QLp b )
VT -)Q F`} / ÆLI9>DDIZKTBmi_}
`}-L ?Æ 
}`}-`6b} Q bT,LW  QI`} io`
y U g"V 6 F}r : ; $ 2} $H [?-Æ?L
Æ y )hÆ.  bZtio`KufKsjEÆÆ n LubE
N6 U |7Æ`'
L`sP Q NÆ-hbW>TIE'`E 
LiPA~.Z
C(b}T -L Æj'E$f℄I C (PBNN -L
uL'CQ=T}`}r : j+ C ))EL5>}

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

156

nIPBKYO&L℄PN&
§2. 

2VmFGz!
nE

ImFH
℄eSL C } I℄Cz}gE0}L6- =Y
} Thq  QL}/-; $ 0}+o` }+oT} 
&Z[\GLWy C T℄-} LL4hJ 9 [=S
zyQ d gHTo_^i y ,fy C Q 
IJ`mF*&E 
T - iL }`}ZeQZ7Q℄-} LL4Z7Q C
i} ℄Cz}gEZeQ C iÆ}+obW-2LXL 
JÆ7mFI mF 
T - iL }`}Z/Q℄-} LL4iQ C i} 
LÆ,l}/-; $ ÆgX C iLW>3TLÆ} 
NJ~w TSF OxTS 
T - iL }`}Z/7Q℄-} LL4 
sJC~mFbO: 
T - iL }`}Z/YQZ/xQ℄-} LL4 
ihFxuFEP 
T - iL }`}Zx/ x/,Q℄-} LL4Zx
/,Q C it}} ik L,`} 'j 
Jd3F^ERX3FE 
T - iL }`}Zx/ Q℄-} LL4iQ C i%
BUBVw^( 2 1 B0uG
w^:W M NUB18x) B0uUBV1#DR4  %T 4
ij1  (xx0V*V~m'*)}  %T 4ij1  N/n 
x0#*1euiY
6  Æ* 34<%/WH h  Æ lv~[ h g4t-

: R j<%"v
4

157 

UBVE74Q ~[||Fm(Vld4Q Z$1 
o^~[UB#  *1   134t1  o'}PC(u"UB8
x { ~VI  Ii 
X UB8x { ~UBVm ? PC 
6JGwFH 
T - iL }`}Z /Q℄-} LL4iQ C i} 
e}F&CzLi)P i l~LT} w , UiT} } Th_
L}F&5"UiT}  
8J:y\<> 
T - iL }`}Z /eQ℄-} LL4iQ C i%
UBVR}BVÆ*}Bfh"Zi[,e[ XUB / R}B
V1iB / E&"jUgUBVR}BVN/NE&1Ug{Q ^1
)IH 
8 [L46b ? & }+oUiN} `}+oTLW  

FH 
T - iL }`}T&}+oUGZ-L`} LLu? 
N C iyT0UN`} ℄eJsLu% 
I2oFE
1 0H}; 
T - iL }`}Z/eQ C iN  t}m!` L h=iH 
}  L}m!kx h(``} z`}Lik(``
} } L2[W;}gELQzK6-W^3vhF0H
}LHQ 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z/YQ?Z C i
T +x^UBVÆ*:+xU17AiBVZ+xUf
h"h}IUB / 1 & 8<Ri^Hg:+xNU17Ai
BVh+x D G+xNU17AiBVN/X  iB 
T - iL }`}Z /,Q C i
}BVPC^UBVÆ*:}BVZ}Bfh"Hg 4 }B D Gfh

158

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

G}B1iBV
2 0H} 
T - iL }`}Z/YQ/Q C i
s\p UBVÆ* g UB8x1X<RUr=yUB / UB / Æ
*+
UB8x1  %rESiBVxa1BiB- ! rER BB
4G{QrERa / ~ 4EUg1
ra
E  SUB8x1  %B>C1UBVÆ*X)>CAUB / }
Z3ÆrE
UB8xUrguBPPC'1UBVÆ*UguBPPC'H
AUB / }?n
s\ UB /N/rE~[BnXC1zf$Æ[~ JA:~[ 
7AiBV1)H ^ 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z/ Q?Z C iN} 
LTo%
UBVg UB8x1X<RUr=yUB / UB / u"+
)3
^%
(1) iBqD"(
(2) iBVWh(
(3) Ug
ra(
(4) iB / 
(
(5) Vz0B'UB1Æ*Z$z0B'(
(6)  %a(
(7) s  nu(
(8) BBRi^(
(9) iB S2
UBVÆ*AUB / }>C{QrERa / HPx1i
Bn 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Zx/xQ`} 0H}
( ?N C i
S7AiBVA:MUB / R.hK t }Z1zUBV { ~"jM

~YsiB+3u1i
E )Ug 4E ~"ji
fhG+VUB
/ 17AiBV E 1 ^UB / 1(xQu
3 }ZH

: R j<%"v
4

159 

T - iL }`}Z/7Q C iN$  ;L`} 
2`}LiT0U  b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z/7Q
?Z C i
VI+x1UBVÆ*A+x / }?n+x1a / BR
i^(VI^x1UBVÆ*AUB / }?nSiBVrE1a / 
BRi^
UBVN/ ?n1a /~[~`?n1a/ S7AiBV~[
iBV M Nxa 
T - iL }`}Z /Q C iN
B0uÆ*XUB / PC1 BBRi^SiB /M N xR
6 = (sB71Æ*X x B7 B0u{x B^Æ*:UBVZ"
j B-Hr + U1}B℄^V 
}F& i }-b C i12 d `Z/ Q C i
B0uÆ* g UB / >C1 BBRi^SiB /M N&h8
xR6 = UB / }`>C1BRi^N// B1w g 
UB /}>C1 BBR Bi^Æ*UN/JA:~[ 7A
iBV1 ^N/n~[1yiBVi & 1 Z a 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z/7Q C i
UB /Æ*nP>C B ! ~x1G B:~ _T 4 \?
:0h~[ g ~ M N -
A BHz}N/ UB / }>C1 BBi^R}Ba / 
4 W Q 
T - iL }`}ZeQ C i
w^:W M NUB18x)UBiBzFN8F~[Q 11y
XT'
RVN/^1y~[ 58F5&h~x1^V~[)H(
jX  iBN/~XTi
r^qUBiBzF 
T - iL }`}Z/7Q C i
UBVN/~NU1a / 1y~[ 7AiBVN/S7AiBVN
*%& 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Z/QT$rjNZi
XT'
RVN/~NdP~[)HNUi
1yiBV1*0 
 b gE-  }`}H30 d `Zx/Q C i

160

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

UBV g UB8x1 h ℄C{ ~(j7AiBVK t 8x.h:) H
ozh8R34k W 14C7AiBVw g UBV H oC/1QR
m \iBVNG
UBVN/'L~[uE(jXTuiBV M N.hK t 
5 `} 
T - iL }`}Zx/Qx/xQ`} L`} ? 
NXL%
sN\ iBVN/3 fiB-! N/  )HiBV1%Z a
CIUBV~[)HiBV1U^K
iBVN/!UBVfiBCIE  "ru%'"~[HV1U^
K
N riBV~:UBV~[ B0ux0Nt1PsI}B
sN\N iBVN/~5x51- !Z BsN/~HVoiB~[
~)Hi 
V/ I}B 
℄\E 
T - iL}`}Ci}0 =  `} rL`}3v
ÆT/x/ Q= C i%
s\N UBVS|Z1UB /M N:r1|B~[T 1Æ*A
UB /rEZ 8 iB /B r & vn[6~"jM
fhGUB / 
V |B~[T 1 ^UB / 1(xQu
s\s UBVÆ*PCiBV=yiB / GUr1U & ()
w^:WMNUB18xUB /s Zi[,viBVZ 8 iB /B r
i[r*ON/nY[ 
NFb:E 
T - iL }`}Z/YQ C i``}(?3v'`} 
hfKCL`}?rk(
iBVAUB / rEZ 8 iB / 1 B r & 6{ ~MT ~[rr
|Z81iB / H"jfhUBVMT 1 ^iB / 1(xQu 
sÆ/a%><E 
T - iL }`}Zx/Q C i`} hÆ7 4   &=K%

: R j<%"v
4

161

iBVgUB / ?n18x  CA}B^ 4 }B8x1Qur

℄r4 . Q/ M Nu+1Æ*AiB / }?n 
}FE 
T - iL }`}Zx/ZQ C i`} .vh_ n H
hZ `} A'j`} C i%
UBVN/:yiBV(x*U℄'giBN/1yiBVi & 1 Z a 
uE 
T - iL }`}Ze/,Q C iN`} ℄e`L%
iBVR)H"I4&VYUBiBzFN~U5^4>C1K:U
BVZ~[w^:4Nd $ KQ i;
N3F^E 
}F&h5`}UmL{y C T℄-}F&FÆ_F
qJLL4% 
IJ}3FE 
T - iL }`}Zx/7Q C i%
UBVÆ*VI:r1 ,f BAf,h1C) M NXT'
R 
VN/r^+7 B1HzR D G 
3FF nfE
[3}F& i }-b C i12 d`T}F&$
}} i -`y9)N?Z C iÆTZ/ Q C i%
B0uÆ*gUB / >C1 BBRi^SiB /MN&h8
xR6 = UB / }`>C1BRi^N// B1w g 
℄eQCiE'wW-$L`t}'xL2t}&x  }}
i -}F&Li}} i -hF}F&℄eÆKGk}} 
i -Q'p$ CC i 
NsyTFnE 
T - iL }`}Z /Q C i%
B0u T H xYGiBJN~UUB / rE1{ ~{ m G
iB

162

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

}F& i }-b C i12 d `Z/ Q?Z C i%
B0u g 5>C9Ya9Yua9YYa9Yea9
Ya1>C{ m NUiB~[ F CsB^>BN&e/iBn
,N\ Z a1 B0u { ~{ m LQiB 
s _F?HEIJqgEGwFH 
T - iL }`}Z /QT C i%
B0u{x B^Æ*:UBVZ"j B-Hr + U1}B
℄^V
[3iQT$ C i%
UBVs { ~K B0um ? PC}BV
smFF[0O 
y`℄-N} `} i }F&x-L40s3L[3}`
}+o *Lrv : -L>n℄-  NVi : hUN}`}+oL
n F L}`}r : hJL>% 
ImF*&nT1E 
}gEIIgXQIIO n b Ly C b&Q? g 6
v 
>bLmF*mFbFbO<\<>n?4TS
E 
5 g 6PXIIO n T - iL \ 4 y C   C bb&Q 
NuF3F8Yn[|E 
}F& i }-b C i12 d `ZeQ C i%
BzF )* VÆ* ? w^ 1 $ K 
4Nd$KQ wXE7~[8id1lGuS BzF $K
w^aÆ BzF}1^N
℄e^Q C i#*G`} Q bT C}F&2I}F& 
1}TL}} i -?}QEgL5L?L>``
}r : 4 &ZQ6b6- ZiRV 
suh}E

: R j<%"v
4

163 

 b gE}`}+o`-H11 d `Z Q C i% 
Æ ZN 2 s-"8 fb.lMH ftfH>4U
BiBzFNd $ KQ wXE7'% ZE74Q  UBiB
zFNd $ K1lGu1 - 1fhE'Z*2000+34 PR8i Æ Vl
d>C1lGui;Hw^.Æ m C
SE  ! 2 s8xJt8xUBiBzF1i;}eVl'RE
ZN Hw^.Æ m CSE  ! 2 s8xUBiBzF1i; 
4NtNd $ KQ | T 1Æ*f-}eVl'REZN }eV
l'REZN N
§3.

%YmFun 
WY>

IuY> 
IuHuHOuh}H
℄eT - iL }`} b gE}`}+o`-H 
11 d `QL 4C i` [` i `b-7= % 
uH% 5"'0}gEL`} 20}gE2 `}+o5"2v
"4u 4 CL Æ.0 i  
uH%` gi6 U NÆ n Lu 2 Æ.0 K}
FÆM7`} }whhFVrv 
uh}H%} FÆM7`} }whL`5"V
rvb-q p  b- }Æ`b-7Z }`}Lrv
K   b}`} : -H  Q 
"rv : -L`b- ÆM : - 
uiOu℄'
`i=KhJTo% 
1` L2[W;FuLC-?( 
2[` L2[W;FuLC-?( 
3`EgL9^E6( 
4\ 4 BFi}(

164

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

5uZ) i \ 4 &0Q
[3PB` I LÆ / 2_L/ % jn  {(Æ
.02 `LÆiPdk 2 ` ^ % fuLA&
0Q
`i`C iL3XT&`b-  CC iL`3u ` *G
2 =*GÆLubE6 U .k 10 kF` m!`*G2 =*GÆ
LubE6 U .k 10 kTCzi)`"rv=` 5 kT)zb2-b-LlisqJS> CC i-b-`% 
1` I,`gE}`}+oL'0 2 0`gE)e l 4
U4 C( 
2`EggH2C  uZ)Ph5&L( 
3`iog` 62% i uC-?2 h 2s` 
:K / 2Æ_L/ % jn  { 
4P Q N`3uL( 
5fK)zN-li 4` CzL&eL( 
6`EgfK?s"Qn2 "b&L 
&b-L`"rv=Æ`b-.k 30 kT`Eg)
z-li Æ-lii)Y*` [` i 0`-. O  4 L=
E -. O I[% 
1`R6-Fy℄eL"`( 
2`Ego6L℄)z
qO` `EgL-liQ2 ` C iL
XT)z-L`  
h℄"_x2 k -LC" 
T - iL "_x1999 ℄ 4 Q 29 k +D&ZY&xY
Q Z 16 d i?`T C i`WE-li.k 60 kT"_xh
i)2 b-?k)z-liL L 3Li : "_xThk L 3
LlL 3LLlI Yl 
"_x;4` 5 kT)zIIb-Lli ` 30 kTÆL-2
` 7 kTb  L-L; 4 ` 60 kT)z_xli
℄eT - iL "1999 ℄ 4 Q 4 k +Z&xY Q 
Z 16 d i?`"_xQLh`WE_xlii 15 kTk -L
C"_x; 4 + 
)z"_xliLh`_x 
15 kT

: R j<%"v
4

165

k -LC 
K Q "_xb&5"k -LCL=`*G)zgHli 
.k 3 QTk -LCz 
u`*Ou℄Iu`* 
}`}O Q bTL, C Egph) `Eg℄e)L
b& i -?`gHE  b}) `} hhJO -)|v%
1   ;}TII C LTo(
2 SB|8F( TII j(``} L sqWDQ(
3 t}&xFt}^oTL !^qII0OL }}UIIjQ
Q(
4 } /-; $} LM7`} .vL 4 C(
5 4 [&HN0 Q bTII` Y F C ))  
PB`} S}`}y C ;}LN0zÆ C To
` C iL3XT?`7qy C i}LkF( ``}(?3
v' 15 k   `} qT C iLk
b 2`6b0 Q bT`
t}'xL Æ( &`} Qpo&)) 
y CC i  ;}F-}} i -m!`  ;
}T  L} =`}T  }An`t}'xL  
2I`t}&x  }}2I  ^^  L'
Æ`}3v' & 20 k2kL'II vII,`
} )zN[qC't}Lhfp
^qn[QT1
  Q i f6 LAnr~,j  `}
# ^o&} Lke i s3QT - iLn [Z,/ Q0U C
iJS n [=E Z-LB -L2 `; $ x  2 Vp% 
1~℄+50k:L( 
2`k: n [3O+  L
$}-??  bK} om*L$5^I` n [QTLkZ
w
:~Q L} $5L-0[-?g e ln [Qth5
s}T
Jq"bwQh'j`} _Nw L=C a
$NT - iLn [L C i
^bq}T0U C iz
6QQ `} Q bT$h

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

166

eg `} L`}6Q }LPBÆÆm )u}L'Qp  

u℄}`gZiL3u` Q z!Y1 C h-=E :) `  
WfK6bqs `  b}`3 x1JsAn3
v?`% 
1 W0J`}LL` x`JEgHp; y 10 kT?` 
20 Q bT C  K}TL C Top`T
}Y*iz.'?` m`t  '` 
3 L`1 CC i?
NmFun2{vr
1 - a 5=6;`LEgF\ 4 &eII~IIg ~ 
C T0U C imqL`^PBL` [JIP? 
L
2 a;}`P&ELEL
E'DL`ZI` g Æ` y h0J`}  2IW ( T} 
J[z&}`}PB
 R NL`  +>CN
3 a;}`L yO
℄eT L L L >)`II_  pW~`0} }
/-; $ F"Vr : .vL a4 CF IÆT>w L 4 ChFII&
ÆVK
4 CQf a 5Jw C L7 -htlW
`aP
>#u
I>#uUUn℄Q
P2`K`JE>Z  bK; y -  Vr  b,`WP2'
0  ;2`}:JE} LP2g#L`EÆ>#LA~ 
H&I-)%
1  b,`W "i : LPBs",(
2 } Li.-
§4.

: R j<%"v
4

167

T - iL }`}ZeQ0U C i
s w^ M NUB18x)UBiBzFN8F~[Q 11y
XT'
RVN/^1y~[ 58F5&h~x1^V~[)H(
jX  iBN/~XTi
r^qUBiBzF
:& ℄  bK_L = IWD4u0V4uLN W 
"i:L y z3 Q ZwPBs : -HL^IA   bWDD*Q 
L!CLnIAQL{Æ;J 'j>Z  bP2XLQi
Y !"\nLzW^ hFP "i : zAL&0Q
Y) )Tj+N`}P2L_^[ : -HLJq O P2om
-  V` 
>#unb} 
Ib}℄h 
h?WT - iL y C  C{ iWD :-C i LCtk

t  LAn=6`A~F}P2 Q bL n ?liII"
b` LP2 
b}:
P2```LE`FEL F?f5H& 4: - C i
LsN0L9`2` q9?L-2?EL+Æ
 b 
1 =;`LlF` =&ELELh$H Y 227yN
DH8Q-?ÆÆgHqa6;?li-H25RgE,`
Wb L : - C i i sL}3℄egE,`WL : - C i=;`>#
LA~0gE,`W "i : ZliII"L` LP2
)II"L` P2p'E 
-e* HJr : ; $ Lg
[[3P2?~"L` P2Æ.V`L#
NMmF*R
MnQ  
IMng 
}  LH℄e L h=iL
xPZ H hF
W- 4 &  b }  LHL C i,lH

168

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

mF*nC/
|YD} LTovÆs0`} gE,`W  b L :
-CimP3s0PBsQ℄P2V-X C'H- 4 Eg
`}P23vJ & 5  )k 
NmF*n?4 
}  `gE,`W "i : X5IHJÆrvgL'C[
3TI2?PBsQk>#mPL`L'C,h}  `
?'ZiP`gE,`W "i : HJX5g
§5. \Tk7uW
I \Tk7un℄Q  
 ;. O `L  ^A~`&ÆW0J  b`}L0'
p0P"9-  b-  }`} : -HT - iL  89 d
`T=  ; n F 3C i} hT,l & 7 
'j`}Æli`} 27LL45"  N} 6b))3D#}
℄e qJJli`} 27`} ℄e}`}T 
} Wh n
-LQip(``} ZQ?`LE# 
`}P2X  ;iE'j  ; PJ 10 L%!L
3v#  N0J`}  ??oÆ [ >1>H i & 4 C
`Z Q bTq O Æn` DL(
TJE`}  Z&`:
uP Q NÆ D(z nWCHÆ  ;. O ` 
 ;. O `L  5"A~I} T>Z 2O ÆL

J
"W Q  >[ a [qÆ'j`}:  ; y W&EZEL?Æ 
  Q bLE* O  ; Q bLk}r : ; $ ?` 
Z   ;. O `ÆU y Zi>[H&"Vi : 
L>w F} LM; 4 F2} TL>wZiL>L F 
} U8$ a Æ,J'E℄HEI}    ;.
O `L℄PN&  
\Tunb} 
Ib}℄h 
Lhb Ly C  C{ i WD: - C i=6  ;

: R j<%"v
4

169 

 ;} i -F  F&L_ Q bL n =6Æ`>
#LA~?0   b}`}r : ; $ Zli  ;. O IIu
mi  ;. O )u3℄0  K  k  ;TL 
n -=℄  2℄0F&?Q 
b}: 
;. O `L-FE  ;FÆTL} i - 
F&L_ L  ;iL Q bhFÆ.f5H&  )
)Æ. O q l tP`E?5;  ;. O 
 t  
L}AnO n T L b Ly C  C {FW-L : - C i
Z 2 {TaQZ   ;. O `L57hJ^Y Q Z gH57?
Z0 
4.1 t!LlhzE  i-tO 50% 1i 
VE %
s UB1i
(j UBAE  R8iqCa℄mZO+x%^'
34  -t M N-oH+V1+x / A>C1; 8 +xuD" B
r & 6- 29  uDV; 8 1uD" 34 / UBV8 B(ji
^AzGA8d 2 sz B  }I1 5
T   UBV#D
2 V'  7 V(x1+x0uV+x / }>C1i^ 
x
R
u Z /P M N+xfHx1' 
21  (R^wg xB
x0uS 21  xU1uDV M N1 u Z*^w g +x / }
1>CPC1 oA6 9 o1uDViBVH g {x1 x- 
+x{x^19 2 _UBVA8xGA8 2 sNd
7Q '+
x D G34h/  uDVS+x D GZ1i;N M N+x D
G3g7Q rEUBVSi; /M NavjÆ^i { ~  \
M NUB/ 
UBVx&1i; / Æ=(Hw M N1~)/% 
1uuDVAi;}; / ℄Q( 
2u+x / }PCiBVo'i^1U^UQ( 
3xa+x0u1(x xHz1U^Q( 
4dI1i;VS)i;1*ju&( 
5{xAa-Hm- 2 szUB $ 7Q /-^UB/  \ M
N

170

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Æ=(ui; / Si;V1Æ3Ri; M N1ui;V A
Æ3fHx1 8 uDVi;V B Æ3fH1x1 21 H oA
9 10 
)uE%
i;V A %-t| T A/6fH1{0℄&YfHI/1
N 3A H(f
" x0u~m&PC)xNUM WNX  iBNrE 
F(j x
i;V B %A O 5 8x T {x1t  }e8!UBz8)/u
ÆA./u  mJ  4.5 uW o9 10 
9 7  

+i;V1i;unP / Æ=(Yb xHz| T Eh
/ 1Æ:Wf=Y℄U^
/Æ=(u1+x / } xBRPCiBV1i^Y)V 
xR u Z^H6 9 ouDVX  iB1i^UCUg- 
+x /}>C1+x1w g uDV; 8 1uD")HxQa / N/
xQw g HS+x x0u1*xR xHz M N1uYUBV(
j+x x0u1i
~U.N^> zGA817>CHY℄u
1i;V A xNU1 )u&)xNU1
AuD"}Z
.)fH1{0YfR
N 3A H(f" ?R) | T W&\a / )A
uD"}Z$3ÆfnS2 x0uN}&xQAaIf1)xN
U g 
ui;V B 1i; / Æ=(Y)G;ÆA./u  mJ  4.5
u1NV} x0uw g 1+x xBRi^ M N x
u)}8x T  O 5 t  u8nP>CuDVÆZ$){x18x1Ug
/ {0m" Z+Vfn)8x T 1"jS2i>))uD / }
Z$1 5 Ug"}L  1 Ug18x T Dn  8x T {x) a 
8xuDVsZ$){0m / 1 x0uS 8 u 0 u1.
^ g 
/ Æ=(dI1i;V1u&H 4 bAaIfHzBx1"j-
-1 2 szUB $ 7Q /-^UB//~  \ M N
N \T8YR
MnQ  
I \Tbn?4 
 ;rLy_ y P "i : X555 ny `

: R j<%"v
4

171

(`L`}   
\TSBinie 
\37yO^N s0&3v`\(?3v y E
Li-"W 
N \T 
1;whL  >#-?O n T L  Ci gE,`W "
i : 'j  ;whL : - C i 
2 F  ;}L-F℄Zg8x n L 
Æ n A~ LA=QZiPN a [3Æ. F?
_ g 'EF&q℄Z}o}℄ZgiE6;} 
3$ n xUiiUi`} 273L)~Z! 
1_i&L-Ui Li2
$)=Ui i&3℄e  ;TL}F)=,℄
eL&0gi y )='E)=℄e0U 
4 Q b) a ^oKP Q b^o i d;`hF 
F&LwglxQ 
s3Tk7>"dP7t0OTS?4
mFk7uW
ImFk7un℄Q 
Iun#A℄Q
`} }. O `L  ^A~`&ÆWT}IÆ`}PoJ{= 
WT}3om`}  } Q bL  ?CHÆ?` 
un#}℄Q
Z 1 {TE  b-  ^3t=zÆg 
&  b-  })
Ui  b-  7LZ K Q bbEÆ&& -)L i q^)I 
b`FgEv "i : } FÆMi : `}
FÆ 4 C7`} 
Q~`} WT}tWCHÆW3\ 4
&e&0Q?`CH} Vs[m 
C )) L_)=℄ 5
"  b L46-E5#
§6.

172

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

℄e'02v"'0  b}+oL - F` } Q bTL `}
`WT}?`LEHA~h=)qJ%
1 "V 6 F"V"i : T F0`} Y|
Ti T} 
}.x y iT} qT}m#}. O L`
2 } LMi :  F0`} YqWT}m#}. O
`
3 } 0`} Y|
Ti T} W&_;
E}3m#` 

4 } T=Llq℄Z=
Ti NI hT} n}.
x y m#`
5 `} .v\ Y`} iL7qT}m#`
6 } Q b%I}whxLTo%mCH`} `
7 } Q b C ( ))}. O 3qi2ZZLT} w , ``}P
oLJ=0Æ.J= { L:P Q Sq}J=L 40% 3m#`
8 Æ.`} g } 6*NÆL4

2℄)) L>
h`>T7, 8 I)I+>CNLo&`} L DL Z 1
gFZ 6 gICNLTI
pPB℄^)6L C  
6b&`} 0} `} Q bT,LW Q|7ÆU y 
(k[3` y ÆWT}`} Z&Jio`#}.x
y `} `L 5"A~I} 2ÆMi : 0.4 U4 CL 5"Æ 
}E* j  `}  InÆ=6}} Q b??`I}
Q bT QLE> 
mFk7unb} 
Ib}℄h 
`} $ C FGCLi)`$H
hE6 ℄ehy 
% L-An℄e L h  b Ly C  C {WD : - C i i } 
=6 } Q bL n F`L!E0   b}`}r : ; $ Z 
li}. O IIu
mi}. O )u3℄0}2℄0}K  k}T
L n -=℄  2℄0}F&?}Q 
b}:

: R j<%"v
4

173

Z℄ehJb&`E?=6-y_-P
1 m`L6Ui`Lb-0I(
2 _:Ef5-rZ   b}FrvH  Q b}
'j(
3 =6} Q b^oQK}}PQ(
4 D` ,8?ZN0Æ`-ELF\ 4 &eZ)>(
5 Æ2q?f5H&  )(
6 y_E-P(
7 Æ-PP   b}r : 5X5(
8 li}. O u0I
hJY Q gH57?Z=6 
4.2 tLz 2002  8 9(j UBA B D Ge_% ' 
o9 2 1}B℄^Vi; o9 1 1iBVA)G-1 1999  2001 e8
8zt  }u8N iBV{x1lu8 iBV!=xu 
'
*U )) L }&1)}1qi7 -Rb" r
r ' 
N 
/)8z1 t   iBVAi;}v9uo}B℄^VV/
N
UBVA ? - i;^(x1 / Aa=(u1bUBHzR B
0u{x1 B-+ } C1 B0uw g UB / RiB /M N1 B
R{x1 B-~U^CzZ4 . AaB9 1 o}B℄^V{AV/
1iBNuu  N~ G M NAaIfN~ GA iBV
v) 1zGA8 MN1'u91Aa$p1*8l7 / 
2 s
7Q 2 s
N{0 $ KP G .' Æ4ÆI/1!0u 
2
T H$pRa:z '147Q 17  If1 o9 1 1}
B℄^VA5iB}V/ Nw g }eVl'REUBiB34^>
)iB>-2 sNd
7Q ^PC1 o9 2 1}B℄^V}BV
gw g }eVl'RE^>S9 1 o M N1Æ[ 
4.3 t >zAzGA8 2 s $ 7Q 1 $ K) M NUB' 5 
iBVX  iBA B D G% 1'1  o9Y1iBVi; o9u1i
BVi; 8)X  58x1iBrEI<)}B i
BV5zs  '
1)$' 

174

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

|2s UBiB$7Q S iBV1'$4&-l7Q MN
1aPY1 iBV5zs  '
x&1ef-t!s  ' 
A'$
4&gH 4 [_m- 2 sQ^>4S9uo}B℄^V1iBw
g ^> M N1PY*^I<1)}BK 
4.4 tQ℄Lz 2001  5 9(j UB B D )^iBV A
S B0u B4 )Azsx sx+y* / l1.^NU 
WFx)  %B/u5 M `r + 1}B℄^Vo' M Ni;rEUB $
7  *Sb B M Na
UB$7Q Y
1UBVRUB#  *8bUBHz M N11 E C
(jHz}NA^>NUraB1[4 . A B0uC iB
V  %i}sx+y* / lNU1{U4 B0u
X
0D-UB $ 7  *5'`1 B0uC)NU1  g  B0
u
X0z1 B0u  1    >*pu)s  1+y* / l[
zf(u)N 1 2 s'u) 2 s+y* / l1i`e
*pDn)- ! }H x M- 2 s+y / l1i`tg 2 s^)_TA
O' z-zf{ zfX { 5v a u[*4 . 1[)s  1+
y* / l[zf(5^W&z 2 s'1rE
UB$7*A1 E B
B0u1C g ^M uP-u? z g  * M
N1$pD R! B0u/1 D R3gUB $ 7  *YCiB
V A 1
r  %iNU g 11C B0u1 B D R>
NmF8YR
MnQ  
b}0L g I℄HEgH^I%
1 } Q b )Lr~P n q}    ;}Q
2`Æ n To~s )}T
2 } 3'0}+oL -Q3P`>Kb3DQ [} 
k( ) Czp   `}  
} 2`Æ qw'0E6b}  )T=  ÆyAP} 
) ?t=2`0`}
J"8Q`} CzL!Ephi)"( 
"(`} L2!P 8  ZS[aPi 8 lk`} )z
>[2A2CA
3 3}whP`r="℄L9r=Æy: L})

: R j<%"v
4

175

g0(Æ} Q bTCzL0}+o 4 L [!E:JÆ?-k
C
4 P0"V}r :  :G a L 4 C'E;Y?y_gE 
}
§7

=mFi}M.n>EO 

}/-; $ IT - iL }`}T C iLE}/-V
3 C  \ 4 Q3L&T40Æ0gE L 4 CIq[q 4 C
}/-; $ `k>  b`
L b b&\ 4  C F : - C i-)gZ
iLwV 
&} 0}/-;$ L4CIq0[q4Cql_℄q q
$W a W a ÆLu=T^^# Pg |L!E^*a^
q l N a }/-; $ ÆLLu-)?Zwx;
N}/-; $ L g `&
℄HE i  
)) !Y{7: 
E} Q bL -)hJ^}/-  )L *?Zwx9;
I*&\iW |. 
IeN*&3
1 ℄e L hW-\ ""i : L \ i ℄\L℄\;WD 
;
2 ℄VT [ b 4 CHWD&  b ; Zw `?
:gL  bgE;
3 ℄eH HWD  b ; 
.P|.R
MnQ 
1  ;}gELQ  C 8^FP^- a } l q Q
3
2 j,y C FW- : - C iL*℄q ;}y C FW-V
i : }L : - C iÆj℄
3 ;}Wq [},LW>#[L}. O P#q( 
q ZwO n y C [3}/-; $ T)HELE>

176

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

mFbnC~
1 ℄e 4 (^ ?rL}(^T )QLy℄eP; 
Lg88mPfÆT 1 ÆQm!f3P>#L yO ,;
2 LizWzSL [!EL;2"-℄e C L C ih n L-?~
s};J;\EL-e5
3 }TL n [QFK'E
j m!J
t gE3O O
a $HL},[3=6`} W` n [ : - Q bT 
LW-
`}T$Hu"-ÆÆ
Dj 
4 q CzLZwdL}PB!$y C ?O) r K 
C TXL20UXLLTo~s}(Æ(L~s}
5 }rLy_ y ;}Wq ,$HL},;\>#z
l [T} hF` n [ : - Q bTsqL!EQ
6 }rLy_4q [q y !q jnÆ { PVi
: X5
NmF8Ynx
1 'E
℄HE i 
C )) 
2 0 Q bTPNk;LbR=68$ }GF3LkzI
;5ÆZ2WzSLE5p+` ;~5
3 $H 8 T:L
50'02v"'0`}+oL -NkG a L 4 C
4 FKo''j} i i}~ }/-; $ I} Q bL0 I}
L g } Q bT0`}+o -p"'0}i}m℄  Æ
L  
suF
1 'j"WL FP;}}T`}L%D i v 8 PB 
O n PBL`}h{zL3D n"W[3AP3v#CÆ
u;3v1}LPB?D}``}(?3v'℄\
2 &O n PBL`}N&8WWH[3``}(?3v'CÆ
?  ℄C:P Q `}(?3vLJWH
3 `}(?3v'WEL`}p?sM}M}$T: 8 L3D
`}ipJ~^pJMt}3Wm`}u)u

: R j<%"v
4

177 

'at}^oKM}^oFt} Q bTzSL [!EQhu}
F&- 
3FWwF
1 }whL>#-?F_O n T - iL }`} Ci b,`
WL : - C i
2 }TL}} i -P~$ i U-0}wh !3P
W U)z0Nh'Æ)z$5mi
3 ' a } Q bL^o i  WD-  )} Q bT>#L [li
Ph}F&L3?^o }F&%) }PLZ=
4 `} 2!}. O 30UÆ}. O A2^PÆ} Q
bIxL= j  `} 
5 }32^P q LPBP}wh  > `} ){
=q O }whL?`JIbe l E>tQLE 
sGb}u
1 6E`P U g4 I r K}0 Q bT) C LE
2  U=6`EL~,`!EII`=6` L-~5
?Lkz"-
3 P0}r : NkG a L 4 CF30. " Y?- a `E
4 g3Z`E'EEf5-℄e` C i`
-
TÆE-y_ F3k` ?$-q
hJaZ r`EL}57 
4.5 t|uv7 2 z UBHz}iB-o,v B D G
%OCBW1i; / AUBHz}UBV 4 z 3)X 
 
-tH(jiBV M NfiBgVuUB1i
lVXxUB
#  *AbUB(jHz}fw^' ;s
% s %% 1I*^2W{x1UBX
[`bD ]t|uGv7 2 zE  LViJ 2 #iV 1.6 ,V
l7+
12 ' 
zz UBueBP 2001  7 9,v 2002 
7 9UB D )!u+^Zz1iB-oi;+xi;UB D G
i;4i; / ASi; / 1ÆHz}+^ 2 szUBiB7'
4

178

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

% $ b UBV )m Æ
7Q RUB#  *(x / Æ=(i
; / q -1UBV )m Æ
7  4d 2 sNd
7Q }
QuV01")AbHz}UB#  * % ~~ w g ~^N
{;i1uu {  4 )r:^1<4*^eBP}u℄O
/sF(jUB)H/BP B0ur + 19uo}B℄^V}B 
Æd 4 bUBHz ANgUB A P1.^R Ul 8Y&_)$
M[ G, 
(1) u
UB#  * 2001  4 9x!uV4E1uu ^+

$  Rs3UB)} UB+
B7 ! 1=y)A 'h
`a / 2 sNd
7Q N'rE:WA 8'%hGsxui 
*4fnS2^ M uP1 E Th.*8u  2C1UB#  *
7 
4!Hd M NUB
[
M 1]
7Q ``s r 1x1!UB#  * a fWHG)1
^uC)"' 

2001  5 9uVA)u7um m C 4
=yB7 !  u8u}I=Nu*8u  `  *=y$UB#  *4E1u

M 
[
M 2]uV1.^uij:*8 2 sNd
7Q v(=uijuC 
! yB7 ! M W)1iBV}B 
2iB-o
UB% 2001  8 9uEA}E 2 s-}EV+!UB}R*8 2 s
zZ+}+ 8 }GZO' 71  -t M N1+ r -o-o & 5 _-o
B r^19Y_ 5  -t`-mom ? -UBV1m Æ 7  4
Q 
Æp'% M Ni;i;1m ? S;UBVN sh g)X  iB1H / 
w)A |'N1h`\gHdA |'h`\Qud 

7Q V0~
7Æj N' 4 \?-txi x
[
M 3]Nx8-t'h`DnVA1^Z/-o-tM W y
iB-tH}}I" 
} LM; 4 k_} `- a `E y -W?J  )

: R j<%"v
4

179

M 4]-tm ? m-m Æ 4N~Ui;1zZ)\ / Dn t!m Æ 4t?V0#"
T H!*8 2 s
7Q AHds-iBV-t`-mo/ 2
s
7Q Un<GX!fHUB#  */?/4 \?-t}`-oo'}4#  * fn  
UBVu#  *!  -t M N11Pum -t\kuwS 
UBVHm ? <oUBV}ttAZ/\u / ) {6X  )uP 
xo D NX  HnPB1NX  1UBVttAZ/b
UB
[
M 5]iBV l 8xVA1^Z/u"S1Hd1< Æ3 =
#  *=h
(3) +x 
+x & NX%}1 &M NUB#  * ufh)
+xh' M NZ.Nn-t-o?)1>iNS? >i1V~[Nh.o-t~[AKf^1) > V ? >i44
[
M 6]>iNSu"3 y -t=G
/9^A-oi; ^A v7 (j1 x x 9 

(xVI1xR  iPCiBVo'1i 
bBPr + 1 9  -otUBV(j M uP.h x b}PCbBP1 7 oiBV 
+x D GÆ^-ti;YPCiBVo'`XuDV1
/u:5^IWV1i
UBVUB#  *!UB7Q a i; /M N1uYiA
%O1+x / }1i^XE}eVl'RE 2 sQk 2 Æ!d 
s zUBiB7'^}nP>CAU1uDV = UUBV { ~
wg x0u"U ii
H^I/* 
6 7
1iBuDVX 
iB1~m.^Az 2 s8x UBiB'^30 P>M6`
[ 
4UB / 1=y
UB / UB#  *(j=y=y}Z.u[a UBVN4G
)}!UaL 4G)}1 B'^XE4- ! 1 xPC B   !
1%
}B7GOK+^ 20% x 60%50%*^UB#  *zE
[

180 

4B7A

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

B}1/ 1^>AUB $ 7Q 1Yg)PC 10%g 
sN`V}UBV!w g )B7PC>iB- ! 1f16^
UB / A/-UB $ 7Q 3^ s Z)} |t  -t
A)H-t/-+VUB / 1fh^wwAmÆ- 2 Æh+V / W\ 
-tIgA)-Z8\*}u.; ,1UB# *1% 
 -tuu+VUB /  9uVm ? z5++Vx)7 o 
Iz NUB /  ! 15*
[
M 7]  Vu,+V)}7  z15 N4 !    V  m 
uV5, \B1HP 
5s B B
s Bu' s 1/9u s 9ueBPX*81>Cs u u 
℄OuBPu s B B D )^A℄O B D G6 iBV*h,Y
N ?  B D GHSUBVUB#  *RUB $ 7Q 1V0 M N!m
v*8%Q N U S VHfr! O 3 =
[
M 8]6  iBV
℄ uCVA1^Z/Dn\ 6  iBV}1!
U* { AfiB
^TH1 E \ 6 }1 5 fiBw℄O BPUB/sF(j
UB
BPu B D )^19Y_V: $ b i;rEF Bs B
B/4$rA $ b UB'UBVUB#  *7iAyam4 ^
4 iB /M N1y
T H!*84
7Q j & lAd
7<,A)X
X X
' 1-I
7Q gAi;[Æ{6+ 4 UBzZ M N{
9YsB 20 U[^MNs B B D )^gp M N1yi;
/  Em 
ABP s B}o Z.iBVn,1BNUB#  *(j B0
u BZP1 B M N8aÆMx18 m / B-1 /  
6CB j^Æ
AUBV1CBHz}+^U-i;HHUB#  *M NÆ
UB#  *Si;H /M N1uZ.
ri;VÆ3uY/BPW
?XUi;AUBV!UB#  * 8 m - P,H-UBVx

: R j<%"v
4

181

1-WA1^.FiBVi;
ABPY1 BCBHz}UBV3)Z/1ND./  n,A B 
0ur+1eo}B℄^V^UBV'Lu|F ! 7Q =y1uz
F ! H g Z9uo1- ! 5)x5 ! rE B0uXiBVN5 
)x5 !Y B1^N>C 4 )s?H(j B0u M NYx
Yx
7Q   I1 5 
YNw g |F ! 7Q w
g CV=y1zF ! WC BP9uo1}B℄^V1- ! 5)x5 ! H
B1xa - UBV 1/
#DNg\ - YÆS9uo}B℄
^V M N*j{z~PC)- ! {5)x5 ! 
[
M 9]UBV#D!I   - Nuw1n) xxBXnP! G
B0u  1-)x1
UB#*fh9uo}B℄^V6ÆX  B0u1Y{zHTU
BV 4 {z ^1 }BV~?)Z$4fnS2T H*j{zg
iBVZ$1 M uP1fnS2 B0u ? 1)4- ! 1 E WM
x1C iBV- ! N5)x5 ! 1 m *^UBVPC19uo}B℄
^V}B
[`bk]UB#  *(jzUB>  NrXUBVUB7 
*1t{I  {  4 v0`-N18P\*}sw^' T
,b)vK*>10 

!
Z,lE
1 ℄m!?}LgE=` L h i V"i : =iH 
}ÆTT - iL\=iH (1) TLKYCPT
L PiT L $ & 0}  Æ : HL( 
PB0' p i P
"9-  bL}  =` L h2 (2) =iH[3` (3)  

1A % -kP(B %KYkP(C%T L kP(D %T L b P 
2A % (B %L h\(C%""(D %W- 
3A %TLb i pV; (B %T L$& 0} (C%T LkP(D %
N-kP
2   ; (4) 0gE q  }/-; $ ?}3 
;Th (5) ?0 
4A %} (B %}`} : -H  Q(C% (D %} LMi :  
5A %}`} : -H  Q(B %}/-; $ (C%\_(D % 
3  b-  )  ;2}t=`FW?``3v
J & (6) k}`hY Q; `:zSZH3h (7) 
} }?kr``}(?3v' (8) k'y_ 
6A %2 (B %3 (C%4 (D %5 
7A %hWEL3vz (B %hb C(C%CQ(D %h}
bY* 
8A (5 (B %10 (C%7 (D %15
4 0}3 `} LX3vZ & (9) k 
9A %15 (B %7 (C%10 (D %20
5 `} h`\`}L[3\`}N&84 &`}N&8Lz
KZP Q `}oL (10) % ([3  b-  }L`}N&8 {P
Q (11) }`}N&8=`} 0T} %kN n [ y (12)  )kT
k`} n" 
10A %1 (B %2 (C%3 (D %5 

$\

183 

11A %10 (B %20 (C%60 (D %80 
12A %7 (B (10 (C%14 (D %5
6 # (13) >L`}} L"W 
13A %C`}N&8(B %`}N Y O n PB(C%1}L
PB%DL(D %vCNo!0
7 }F& (14) dk "V`LgEÆ}wh` (15)
LwhÆTtH}  ) (16) dk℄e (17) }?}Æ.
FpJq } 
14A %} (B %}`} : -H  Q(C %wh(D %Vi :  
15A %"Vi : (B %}/-; $ (C%} (D %V{& 
16A %} (B %}F&(C%}/-; $ (D %} : - 
17A %}TL}} i -(
B %} `}'GzL}H(
C %}F&LiL}} i -(D %whÆQy:}.
8 Z  b\v8-  }}.x (18) kT} UiT} 
m``}u
(?3v' (19) kUiT}  `zT}Y*i (20) 
)kTki : X5 
18A %15 (B %35 (C%60 (D %45 
19A %25 (B %40 (C%20 (D %30 
20A %10 (B %15 (C%20 (D %30
9 0' p i P"9-  b℄m!}LgE!?s (21) 0
}(L GiqZ  b-  }L}P (22) vT}Y*iz (23)
kT} 0T} %k n [ 
21A %}/-; $ (B % pPB(C %gEv(D %gE  
22A ( b} : -H  Q(B %&MYi : (C%&"V(D %
Y23A %28 (B %30 (C%15 (D %40 
NE
1  b-  }-?I[= % i 
b`+& 3000 }
> -iLgEÆ\- i r-Km!$ -??
2 $ n 7o0  b-  }3}TKyL 
hu

184

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

℄Z`} LPo9L h`LgE 2003 ℄ 7 Q 1 km!$ ? 
}
3  bK;7ZK =%  Æ."-gE;7 i [  )gE
;7
4 -  hK n [x[=I 1 io n [ n [ i
n [
5 -  `}ZK1
(2 i VgEK- 4 QQ
xmE`E y 

2  
1-  VÆ ÆL  b4i VQQMO n bPBL℄e CC ih?-  }
2 `} m!h`} L2s & } O^X5hz℄} 
Y}` y n`} `}N4$;N`} L4uTbEN 

3  n )=UiLT} =6Q }PB4 n J= {L`
}  S}oUiLT} =6Q }PB4`}Po SL`
} 
4 }3}F&h℄e} LPB℄Lk}} i }
5 `}N&8 n 3}F&hmii`} )uL`}  

|E
1 0' p  b-  0\ZK W HO=To)[JWZ p Gj 1 
bL-  0\K W HwTo)
2 ~zZ 10 1OSqv  bL-  b&[3~z  b-  }Ld
b
3 pJ0}F&5`} II })IIS&Æ_^oPo)
4  b-  }X5K W HwTo)pJ?  b-  }X5)
5 >  b-  }}/-; $ "W`} i `}N&83SÆTZ
hL`}%D-?0}T C iLZHZhL`}N&8(z 
Z )$N3ht}3v 30 =VqZIgEK-Zq l -)
6 >  b-  }LPo-? 1; iL}W K i PB1o i 
V6>?PoÆt}^oqJ% 

$\

185

`} `}Po> v (t) X (t) 

A

12405482

420.05

2304.05

320

B

12283452

2289.00

418.06

308

C

12403612

419.04

2301.06

315

D

12031875

415.08

2296.04

310

E

11988704

2287.05

417.05

300

F

13105432

430.06

2380.06

318

G

12390024

416.04

2298.08

316

QK

n
n
n
n
n
n
n 

At}^oZWIm`} TII` } )) gEK-Z
q l ℄-E)
7 >  b-  }} Q bTS,`} LSq}p n ) gE
K-ZpJ℄-E))Wq O ,`} LPoJ=p SJ=
Z$Æq l -)
8 >  b-  }UiN 2000 ℄ 8 Q 10 k- 10 %00 `8 Z /1&
xQa:t}'S&xQ` 10 ^[ xZqIgEK-q l - a  
EN&t}L?)
9 >  b} Q bT}F&ÆTZh`} LPoIIS&Æ_^
oq℄Z) gEK-Zq l ℄0}F&- a Ey
_ }  ))
10 `-  } Q bT}0 q lC (Æ NÆ `}
`) 

BI!-=5nG G 
1999  8 9 30 [9 ^I LEVl#D!ui0u9uufH
sIk h
ZZQ N C (}`}+oN L h4u&  4u i }`}+
o=E L n LuC{KYuuN&gEQKLi^
ZQ `T - iL NT?}`}+oL^
ZxQ `T - iL NT?JSb gEKgELv8\
-  r-hF0  b  4 L℄PXQQL$ & m!?}% 
Z+ 9- EVQ 4 C&  4u a/OLgE( 
O2 =; L 8`2 L hmLgE( 
x; L b02 v L "V1Cn8LgE
',SgELgH(
iC 8} L 3Lw\ &[ L 3L 4 
LkP L 3Lv 
y2 L 3Lm!?}LÆ.gEL( 
C iL℄Æ C i
Z Q el7i JÆ℄m!?}LgEÆ [2 hÆ.
e l -? C o}
Z,Q }`}+o=$1  t  i f6LAn
ZeQ ℄m!?}LgEÆ}`}+obWD2 LX
L
el7i JXL2 ip^WD^C℄hvL 2 Æ.
0'j`}Jhe l -?7q}`}+o
Z Q }`}+oFÆ=E ="b℄6-Lrv 
4"rv℄}`}+o6-rv℄5}`}+oTL   

}`}+oL"rvF 4 LgH3L = L 3L C i
sk mF
Z7Q } I℄^ C iCz}gE?}L 2 Æ.

J &~fWm(SFVCjC
1

0

187

ZYQ }gE1 L h 4C iPtgEvY)L=Lt
vY)HJv 
} =?}gEL\82 8HfK6 =`} 
Tq6\0
Z/Q }=  t} i L} 
t}I=} h}  L-?LiL 2 Æ.0`
}
L}I=} h`}LiL-?LiL 2 Æ.0`
}
Z/ZQ L 3Lw\ UiL L h℄^gE i &ÆRD5HP
-"VUiLW-℄^gELd  t}LK L 3Lw\ 2 &Æ
RD5HP -"Vvh?L}
Z/Q } LÆ,l}/-; $ qÆH-}Ede l 7 
i Jhe l -? } =i}/-; $  
} grL} i 0}W>LhÆH-}Ede l 7 
i J,LÆq}/-; $ H-}Ed
℄m!?}LgE} ÆH-}EdL=k 4 "rv 
X5
Z/xQ }/-; $ I℄:E}/-V3 C  \ 4 Q3L
&T40 
}/-; $ =gXJSQ% 
ZE}/-V3L
VB, i \8( 
W ( rL} i 0}L\wV>K( 
xO n ^Zx/ QZx C iQh) }F&_F ,
LSqKYQ-)LwhÆ
Z/ Q Eb gE}/-V3L}/-; $ Æ   L 3L
2 &ÆRD5HP -"VL "i :gigHHL 3L  
"i : &[ L 3L 4 LiEÆ.}/-V3L}/-; $ 
Æ  giLi :  L 3L C i 
}/-; $ 0"; 4i Æ. L h; 4 J`<o 4 C2 Æ.4u 4
C
Z/,Q }/-; $ =`} qL(
TH-}Ed $℄^

188

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

4 &} L C i
Z/eQ } $  t}-?L=}  ℄m!?
}LgEL}  =Y QL h=iLPu; 2 Æ.4 
}  =\0} L2[ i W;}gELQzK6-W^ i
3vhF0H}LHQEg
Z/ Q } $L}-?L=kx hgXh5}gEL
W>G a LiL 2 Æ.0z`}Li
`}Li=\0^Z/eQZ C iLEg
Z/7Q } h  e}gE^LPB`}  2 `}Li
TPB(``} C   4 Q&0 i VA> (``} ?  
5(L h`} L  Q C iL℄Æ C i 
} Jh n -LQXL2 ip(``} J(``} 6 
S36
Z/YQ } =  e}gEL^ i PrL}}
=K}gELSqPB`}   5L}`}PoPB i }}
Q,6QPB i QhFY%k n [LiPQ
L h}gELSq} C iL} =1Æ C i`}T
Cz\PB 
}gEP =}Ui 
L} = n - =}Ui  

`}T\0
Z/Q }JPB2 }0iL#>  hF W 9k2 i
p(``} LÆ.To
Z/ZQ } e}gELgH>h0(``} 1vgE
SB
Z/Q } Jk. jf0H}L(``} L2[z
KhFW  RL 4 }`}LÆ.> 
} }UL}Um!N%
Z/xQ } fzL}?mPLd;2 kL=` 
}PBC`}(?3vF /,k'hi)?Y*,}
Wb id;2 kLTo }L_=
Z/ Q } =Ui`} rL`},PL n -3v(:I
℄m!?}LgEÆ}t=z.kF`} C`}(?
.k? J &/k

J &~fWm(SFVCjC
1

189

sNk F
Z/,Q `} I }'j`}RL 2 Æ.0
℄}L?gEU# 'j`}L`}L L^ 4 `} L
C i
Z/eQ `} =gXh5}gELW>(L h 4C i`}  
Q2 }`}   Q C iL`} =gX C iL  Q 

Z/ Q `} =1}LPBrL`}`}= 
}CzL6QPB i Q)z  
}gEo& -  L`}LTo=KYlzLgEdk 0i
PSq FL{2VA i Y&y_}gEL; XQ
Z/7Q `} =`}PBC`}L(?3v'Æ`} 
&`}W^} WE`} y =%WNJt`}
&x L} =℄^℄}
`}PBC`}L(?3v y &L`}} =
W
Z/YQ `} `}PBC`}L(?3v'hr 
k2 V"fCL`} i)Y*} rkLTo `} 
L_=
Zx/Q `} e}\0LgE6b>Y`T} y ÆT}gE
L=7iH7 4   )?=KL=``}T\0
Zx/ZQ I h 2 Æ.0h_Z  n HhZ `}
LA [`} 
nH -p=gXh5}gEL\W>(L h 4C i2 } 
`}   Q C iL n H -p=gX C iL\  Q[Z
wVL7_L n H1QQMSL7UiQQM 
n H -=%k [`}{x0UNi -Yh5L  ) i ke Æ
[`}{xB[`}Z C}  n HT}L n H -= [
0} %k n [^T}gEk} h5B-ke 
} J,L`} _ n H [`}JXL`} .vLR
Zx/Q `} J\ Y`}PoJiNÆ.`} L  R
& U } 2 Æ.`} L n Lu

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

190

`} J0} Y`}& UL h4u&  4u2 . L n 
Lu
B?`} hk} 2 }F&_F$LY<HT}
Zx/xQ `} JhS&_^LPoR}TJh. 2s`}2
hÆ.-? )myHT}
ssk uF3F<F
Zx/ Q t}=`}UiLC`}(?3vL[Z3v 
t?(t}W^= }T;LUiLW^
Zx/,Q t}} ikL,`} 'j
Zx/eQ t}3`} 2 Æl,L/ z5`}L%D>
Th} qL  &; $ z5  &(KUg)5 y   ) F=a<D
*z`} 2[`}o i `}LÆ.iPTo 
} `}PBC`}L(?3v'WEL,`}t}
3t==a-h<D*z
t} Q b=^o X5
Zx/ Q }} ℄ L}F&dk
℄m!?}LgEÆ}F&} L/ i  4 SqKYQ
-)Lwh__F z , h7zÆTSqKYQ-)LwhJ
&_FzLx=.
'wh=E\ 4 \5  )7℄ g{M3[2 g[QwV 
}  L 3L 4 2 &ÆRD5HP -"V 4 C  L
wh2.2 }/-; $ LwhÆTL\ 4 wVLwh27TUi(Z}g
Eh$H#;tH-?d}gEh} 5"Ui
0`} 4 U4 CL J?s\ 4 gEL}F&(fK?sL=   

}F&_FL27`T}. O Ui'=N%
Zx/7Q } =$HmPL"-N&}`= N%L>J?
e l 7 i J7q; }L Q b i . O 
Zx/YQ }F&hPB`} `}T W s0ULTo)m
PLd;2 0:Id;2 0JPz`}L(
2 kx`}
L6QTo

J &~fWm(SFVCjC
1

191

Z /Q }F&=1}UiL}} i -`}
? i b(}UL='|}U}F&y_} y =k
} Czi)}P l~ n LT} w ,  
}  e}F&CzLi)}P i l~LT} w , UiT}  
} Th_L}F&5"UiT} 
L 3Li}gEL} C iLÆ C i
Z /ZQ T} L`}=O n JSQ.Z% 
ZW ( +X}W}T C iL g n o}( 
W ( }L6QPB 4KL`}o  S(:I`
}o  S&_^L|v
Z /Q }F&Kg ,`}tO n }PBL
hIl,`}
℄m!?}LgEL,`}[IlL} =℄^℄
}
Z /xQ `UiT} '} J0`} ^`}o  `}-5Q
6QTo?8m
Z / Q }F&_F= 8  Wt33$℄3VGH
,CzLqh5 ke 
}F&_FJ
J"`} JWb`} L"12 Æ. a  
}F&_F i '0}L 4 ) FJ j`}L i b 
T} w , Ll~>hF0} 4 LÆ.>
Z /,Q T} Ui y } =kT} zT}Y*i [3Æ
T}. O Y*,T}L`} 
T}Y*i} i T} gyu>T}Y*iz y } kx
T}. O L2 T} 5T}gEL=℄h5yke
Z /eQ } iT} =ÆT}Y*iz.kx/kT1
}iT} L`}k:i) n [} i T} J^k:U+ n [
6QToLÆ.{x 
}PBT} CtNN&8LT} =C
Z / Q ℄m!?}LgE} =ÆUiT} .k/,
kTk 4 "rvC}`}>Li)P
Z /7Q T} =1 n [Nits3y_T}gET} J
k. z℄T}gETJÆT}gE,0 y =k. z℄

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

192

T} 1 n [Ni2 K} [qhÆT}gEL=7iH7 4 
 )=K  . y_"b=KL =gX\L  Q J^=
K
T} =^=KgEk} dk"b=KL ^=KgEh5B-k
e
sk fJ
Z /YQ $^ C im!?}LgE}LÆm!?
}LgEÆ [2 hÆ.e l -? C o}Lk`X
k hgE n
[8!=.,h!=./hJL(O2 =; L 8LgE 
hbWgE72 bW8 b(75"dkLi : F i Æ.5"ke
F℄  -=
Z,/Q }/-; $ $^ C ij=N%L0}`}+o 4
L> i QL2 0} `} Y& UL h4u&  4u2 .
n LuL,}>h/,}>hJL75"dkLi : F
i Æ.5"ke F7z;=.,h;=./hJL(,
JL W,J(>*=℄LbW5FHp}/-  ($ _*!L
℄ U
Eke . i_&+L℄h5qIke
',S T}. O LT})u
Z,/ZQ } hn -LQXL2 ip(``} L(``}
6S36L,LPB`} _ n H [`}L2 XL`} .v
RLk`k hZ}>h,}>hJL
Z,/Q ℄m!?}LgEL} k. jf0H}L
(``} L2[zK2 W  RL 4 }`}LÆ.>L2 
j}UL-Lh Z}>h/}>hJL(75"dk
Li : F i Æ.5"ke F℄  -=($ _*!L℄ U
Eke
',S T}. O LT})u
Z,/xQ `} \ Y`}2 0} Y`}L`} hk}
2 }F&_F$LY<HT}LT})uT}gE8!=.
,h!=./hJL75"dkLi : F i Æ.5"ke F7 
z;=.,h;=./hJL(,JL W,J(
>*=℄LHpÆZ℄F℄T'j℄m!?}LgEL`}  -h

J &~fWm(SFVCjC
1 

5F  " : -; 4 dn
V7($ _*!L℄

193

U
Eke

. i_&+L℄h5qIke
Z,/ Q `} h. 2s`}2 hÆ.-? )myHT}L
T})u } i_&+L℄h5qIke($ _*!L℄ U
E
ke
℄m!?}LgEL`} ',S  $ _*!LT}g
E8!=.,h!=./hJL75"dkLi : F i Æ.5"
ke F7z;=.,h;=./hJL(,JL  
W,J(>*=℄LHpÆZ℄Fx℄T'j℄m!?}LgEL
`}  -h  5F  " : -; 4 dn
V7
Z,/,Q ℄m!?}LgE} $^ C i0`} ^`
}o  `}-5Q6QTo?8mL -L75"dkLi :
F i Æ.5"ke F℄  -=
',S T}. O LT})u
Z,/eQ }F&_FWb`} L"12 Æ. a L}F&
_F2 'j}L 4 ) Fk. j`}L i bT} w ,
Ll~hF0} 4 LÆ.>L -LWWbL"1h x
!>h,}>hJL,S L}F&_FHp5e}
F&_FL  J^'je l ℄m!?}LgEL}($ _*!L
℄ U
Eke
Z,/ Q } `}F&℄l~LT} w , hvUiT} L
℄m!?}LgE`,`}[}F&Il y ÆUiT} LT}
)uk`k hT}gE8!=.,h!=./hJL(7
5"dkLi : F i Æ.5"ke F℄  -=
Z,/7Q T} ÆT}gEz℄  . LÆT}gE,0 y =z℄ 
. L$^ C iÆT}gEL=iH4   )=K  . L2 =
K ^=KLz℄=K)uz℄=KgE8!=.,h!=./
hJL(,JL W,J(hk`WV
(>*=℄L 
 " : -; 4 dn
V7
Z,/YQ } 0T} 1} i T} L`}k: n [
L2 } T} k:U+ n [6QToL{xLk`k (hT
}gE8!=.,h!=./hJL
Ze/Q T} t0} k:L n [LtNN&8-n 

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

194

} i_L&+P Q tNN&8zL=P Q =-hqI(Ct
NN&8L=} L&+h5qIke
T} 10} k:L n [ts3>*=℄LHpÆ℄F,℄
T'j℄m!?}LgEL`}  -h  5F  " : -; 4
dn
V7
~z>Wt n [LL'I C i
Ze/ZQ ^{ C iL" L 3L C iL 4 "rvli
^f6-"L; 4 )z C iL|v
Ze/Q e l 7$^ C iXL2 ip^WD^C℄hvL
2 Æ.0'j`}L } =i}/-; $ L,L} q}
/-; $ H-}EdL2 hÆ.-?q}`}+oLk`k (7 
5"dkLi : F i Æ.5"ke F℄  -L^ Q ^+ Q L=
>*℄L℄  -MV3t|L=
43L?' L℄' C i Uke
Ze/xQ }`}+o℄d"rv3kL L h; 4) F-

.k#3L2 w } 3℄$ _*!L℄ U
Eke( $ _*!L℄ 
 -"=
Ze/ Q ℄m!?}LgE$^ C iT})uL=℄
^CiLT}QÆ(`} T℄UiT} 2 ℄^℄?}
sk h
Ze/,Q `} iÆ.4U4C g }`}+oO n ^ 4C i
LLk} Cz|x2 ℄k 4 "rv`
Ze/eQ F L h/OL h#%-Q[Z2 o&4L|86
h  /1P;b-  Qd>Ld?}LgE1 L h 4C
ih?}
Ze/ Q ; L b02 v L "V1Cn8LgE?}1 
-8C  -}`}LgHQ i b&[ C iLhLÆ C i
:UT - iL L&  4uL|v
Ze/7Q ^Æ#!!!℄"Q"k-

&ZeQ+'X&nG G;
A7%}eVl'REZN  g0u}eVl'RE 2 sQ}eV
l'REb.Q}eVl'RE 8 fQ}eVl'REH ftQ}eVl
'RE-"Q}eVl'RElM#
A3v%2003-03-08
T - iLL hw\ F&T - iL T - i
L SGT - iL YT - iL ;>VT - iL 
4T L - _ _
s 30 : 
1>fz 2s8x UBiBzF g}eVl'REUBiB^
RE74Q 1lGuE  2 sQb.Q8 fQH ftQ
-"Q}ElM  # xfH1z 2 s8x UBiB'^.
ZO 2003  5 9 1 [, N
%YdP*&W%mFF:
sIk h
ZZQ C(b gE-  (hJ{[b-) }`}+o e 
T - iL }`}iL 3L 4 L3k=  Li^H
ZQ `T - iL NT?  b-  }`}+oL^H
ZxQ b gEO n  b gE}(
iC 8} C i[L h
\`Z 3 d] C iL(
i }Lm!Y Q },l-  7
el7i JÆ℄m!?}LgEÆ [2 hÆ.el -?
C o}
Z Q  b-  }`}+o=$1  t  i f6LA
n
Z,Q  b-  }`}+o℄} dke l 7 i J
he l -?7q  b-  }`}+o

196

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

-  }`}+obWD2 LXL
ZeQ Mw\ K SGY;>V4vK
-_Q℄ L 3LH  T L 3L 4 6-}`}+o"rvL
3k=  qLY*(L H [2000]34 d) i W C iL3k=    b-  
}`}+o6-rv℄5  b-  }`}+oTL 
sk mF
Z Q b- } I℄Cz-  }gE?}L 2 Æ
.0
Z7Q ℄m!}L  b gE=gXJSQ W?-  
}%
(Z) } fK℄_:(
() x\Fl =tvY)LfKv(
(x) }( 
}-? i }0?Q=t g Y)LfK g (
( ) \828HfK6(
(,) },L\fCFSqQ
ZYQ  b-  }=  t} i L}
Z/Q ℄m!?-  }L  b gE1  b gEv : C i"PgEvvL} m!`PL?UPTÆ
}( 
}-?}0?Q 4 }ToPgEv g 
Z/ZQ L 3Lw\ UiL L h℄^ gE i &ÆRD
5HP -"VUiLW-℄^ gEhFO; L 8`2 L 
8`x
- 2 iCWL  b gE=  t}(JS>.ZL
Kvh?L}%
(Z) gESq_X2dPBA KOh(``}   ,lL(
() bÆYW5NXLL(
(x) F L h/OL h#%2 -Q[ZLd}:d  t}L(
( ) Y  t}L;0gELo9\b9JL(
(,) y CC id  t}L
L h℄^ gELL}=K L 3Lw\ v(W-℄^ 
gELL}=K &ÆRD5HP -"Vv
O;L8`2 L 8`x
-2 iCWL PvL 
b gELL}=KgEvv:gEvAv:g

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
2

197

L 4 "rvv
Z/Q PvL  b gEJS>.ZL^HZ/Z
Q C iLvvh?-  }%
(Z) F L h/OL h#%2 -Q[ZLd}L(
() o&4L|86h  /1P;b-  L(
(x) -  iPSq$iLw42 wSqL(
( ) -  VÆ ÆL  b4i-  VQQMO n bPBL(
(,) `  b jLfor  b2 iHj1  bAT} igXhKW
>L(
(e) y" CC iLÆ.> 
Pv:℄m!}L  b gE' C i>.ZLh
?-  }
Z/xQ $  t}-?L} =}  LiL 
2 Æ.0`}℄m!?-  }gEL}  =` L h=i
LPu i ; 
$L}-?L} =kxhhgXh5-  }gELW> 
G a LiL 2 Æ.0z`}Li
Z/ Q }  2 `}Li=F \0JSTo%
(Z) } L2[ i W;(
() }gELToC 88H(
(x) }gEL6-W^ i
(
( ) 0H}2   ;LW^ i 3v(
(,) }2   ;WHL;
(e) `} LQQMLPB
Z/,Q } =1}  2 `}Li C iL3vW^z`
}2 ;Æ}2   ;z`.kFW?z`.k
? J &,  )k 
} hY Q ; 2 Æ.4}Y Q ; 2 Æ. 
4L}0i)}g[Qyu>:zSZH3hi)
} } =Nki)}A= ^Ly a  
}2   ;LW;= n -Jh
4 EL&,f
L\} hk`} W:8(&t} y `} n\L 
} =k`} n:8

198

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

}2   ;`z y -n} `}  z
`}Li y 2 `z}2  ; y J ÆY?}
Z/eQ } h  e}gE^L^ i PPB(``} 2
`} C  Æ  PBL(``} 2 `} ?  5(
y" C (``} 2 `} L  Q C iL℄Æ C i
Z/ Q   5=   ; i  y  
 ;I=``}'(``} ?L  5 
y I=`t} y `} ?L  5
?  ;LZ^? y :}^ C iL|v
Z/7Q $H  ;L} h  ;    ;  
L^HZ/xQZ/ Q 4 }  L C i
$H  ;L} =`  ;T\0  ;LQ} i
-($H y L} =`}T\0`}   PBLQ
} i - 
} Jkx\0LQ2 h\0L Q(``} 2
`} ?  5
Z/YQ K; y } =k  ; n L(``} z 
;n Y*i*0H}L3vW^ i - [3k  ; n 
L(``} *  ;. O   ; n L(``} J'j`}
K y  n L`} L`})9}-
Z/Q 5iP5(``} 2 `} IIO n JSQ%
(Z) gy:k: n [LL4(
() gt n [LW>KwVSq i W>8X i Æ.1
Q-~: -W>KG9 i \LV F(
(x) &[k`WV`}  [Hp">[" : q.>~5(
( ) ` Dx℄TyHT} i =℄NF℄+  bQK!E(
(,) y" CC iLÆ.  Q 
 53} Jh n -LQXLip(``} 2 `}  
J(``} 2 `} 6S36e l 7 i Jh"Y2
Æ. n --?XL`} LzK
Z/ZQ } On y C iLÆ}QLhÆH-}E
de l 7 i J,LÆq}/-; $ H-}Ed
Z/Q }/-; $ =`} qL(
Th5}Ed}/

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
2

199

-; $ h`Æ  QM(
Th5JS}Ed%
(Z) Yk}-5rL i z`}  ;(
() 5`}   (
(x) rL}U(
( ) 0`} 1vSB(
(,) 0t}}{n} i}(
(e) *Y n [(
( ) } qLÆ.Eg 
}/-; $ J)L/-OL/-J0*qEg?/- 
}/-;$ J"b[Z}gEL`}/- i `}2V3(K}
[qJz℄}/-V3
Z/xQ b}/-; $ 0} =%ki)q n [ 1NiL}WH/-;(L hW;} C iL℄Æ C i
Z/ Q } e-  }gEL^ i PrL}} 
ZKJSTo%
(Z) `}Li(
() `} !*(
(x) n [iPQ(
( ) `}  ?(
(,) $  bK;7}L=C  bK;7(
(e) SqQ(
( ) \fC(
(7) }} i -(
(Y) `}TnQ 
} =`}T C i6QPB i Q EL-?}0
Z/,Q } hPB`} `CO n }C iPBL`} 
vCX,`}-5:=`}T)z0 Cz\L i b 
H
Z/eQ } C iL gSq}O nL h,L} 
}T C iL gSq}pJPB2}0>ZiLw4}2
[\A>W2#>  J W9k2 ip(``} LÆ.Toq
O m!>Z#>   LSq} WU2;}W0Y}gELSq} 
3n=`' y )j” 2\=&” LJ

200

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Z/ Q -  }gEP =}Ui 
L} = n -
=}Ui  
`}T\0  bSq;%\=  L7 
bJ=  }} Jh n -L}2 
XL2 ip(``}
2 `} 
Z/7Q }=0U C i}3|o  hvL,}~h
Fq l Æw~KÆ2 eh? ) 
`} Q bTJkx}T C iL}}- i T}Q
Z/YQ }= C iZ L=L`}u 
hN&} 
( L3vy_} i 0T} %k n [`}u 
`} C`}(?.
k\ 
`A`}u
.x'zSd>L} hi)?PB,`}
BF`}u 
`} [qBFLJPB2[U#kÆ`}L6Q 
To:=\BFÆ`}N&8Lu
(`} nBFLÆ`}+u
:`} LW"Æ}N&8~BF`}u
i_`} &+L} = 
-I:~z>PBF`}u
L|v
Zx/Q -}gE 
P Q / QL}Th C i  bi
o=zHCo  f~ i f-
Zx/ZQ } =Ui`} rL`},PLn-3v(:I
℄m!?}LgEÆ}t=z.kF`} C`}(?
.k? J &/k
Zx/Q } e}gELgH>h0(``} 1vg
ESBkÆ4  bBW i \ 4 NL 4 >(``} ℄e} 4 > 
)zLm i l,`} Ædk 
} J7y2 =0e l Z `} ?SB1v
Zx/xQ &(``} `Rz} i SB1vTCzL !
} hi)?2t`};X&L-?0(:[3Æ0(hi)-?Y*
, & }L(``} i0(LTo }L_=
Zx/ Q }   egE^liIIrL}UrL}UL}U
rL Q b i }Um!N% 
}gErL}UL  evLx\`l ℄e 4 \oH
' 4 bi. n PB  B~ n |v`
i QKQ-)L~
n -Ui
}U} ÆrL2qT4; $ rLZ  bAWrLZ }U

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
2

201

e l 7 i J,L} rL2P}U2q;ÆUi}U 
}gEh}U?)}U}
sNk F
Zx/,Q `} I }'j`}RL 2 Æ.0}
Lelgy:   Lfo; $ (7)2 }gEL' 
X2 r
-  )C  \2Q3Le l  FÆe l fo; $ (7)t)  'ji 
}gEL`}
Zx/eQ `} =1}LPBrL`}`}= 
}CzL6QPB i Q)z 
`}ZKJSTo%
(Z) `} Y (
() `}Po(
(x) -  0\(
( ) 3 i Sqx: 
`} e}\0LgE6b>Y`T} y ÆT}gEL=7i
H7 4   )?=KL=``}T\0
Zx/ Q } h`}TPB`} C`}N&8`}N
&8|S8vhIzgLN Y N(z'z2S8(z
`}N&8ZJP Q `}oL;=.: {JP Q 7/}> i`}N&8u 
=Pz`}u
x/L
`} =1}PBL-? i 8Æ`}N&8#`}C  
} 
`} 1}PBC`}N&8Li`}Æ[ n)9}
-
Zx/7Q `} =`}PBC`}L(?3v'Æ`
}%D&`}W^} WE`} y =k`} zg}0%W
i %W3vL&`t}'e l 7 i Jt`}
`}PBC`}L(?3v y &L`} )uL`} 
} = W
C`}L`} &x L} =℄℄}℄} y `
} i &x Lo&m!vL  b gEPKAvv y h
^?}(Æ.  b gE} Æli^?}

202

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Zx/YQ `} `}PBC`}L(?3v'hr 
kJ/2 V"fCL`} i)Y*} rkLTo
`}L_=
Z /Q `C`}(?3vy E}C iL`}u
Y?.
'`} JrkJ/2 V"Æ`}`} rkJ/`
}L} -"b(`} V"`}LÆ`}N&8Æ[W
Z /ZQ `t}'} sN :a f"WL`}k2V
"Y*X,`}-5Q`}Q
Z /Q I h 2 Æ.0h_Z  n HhZ `}
LA [`} 
n H -%k [`}{x y J^hÆQ2s7y`}TJ_
L n H2'jÆ. n H`[ZgET`}
Z /xQ nH'j  ; 0Y Q LÆ_Le l xÆtm!`
C`}(?.k'J} L[qq O xÆ y L n HmvNRW 
ELKQ   ;2   ; n L 2 Æ.02 ; n HL 
QE  ;T C iL S}hJ} L n
Z / Q nH -m!=i b _LÆ/ , n H_Fdk
`} in [6-%LiH{f  ) =k} C, n H_F
i/ %mL_Li
Z /,Q nH`}L=h n H -2  n HT b L2s
C`}N&8h n HT b 2sCL`}N&8 n H _Fg
Nx>
Z /eQ JS po`} Y`}Po%
(Z) `} .v\Ni2{29S`}Po(
() `} .v\Ni`}gET=h{TSoPo(
(x) `} .vL?TRoTiT} Y y ^'j`}(
( ) `} .vÆ. Y`}PoL 
Z / Q JS po} 0`} Y`}%
(Z) } `t}'t`} Æ`}>*Æ.`} 2 {n
`} V`} kPo(
() } k`} j}U(
(x) } 0`} i`}39S22{}oT} y ^  `} 2} 
vI(

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
2

203

} ;LTiT} (
(,) Æ. Y`} 
Z /7Q `} Jh. 2s`}
',[h. 2s`}=`} 2 ~Æ.-  72Æ.7Y Q z
℄23L-?0H  2Q&i2 Æ.7FÆi/ `ÆQrL
L`}jn{ i %Q 
( )

ssk uF3F<wF
Z /YQ t}=`}UiLC`}(?3vL[Z3v 
t?(t}W^= }TUiLW^
Z,/Q `}JS>.ZL} -b-%
(Z) + 
&L2 &=iW^L(
() 1}PB%DL
`}JS>.ZL}F&x y 19}-%
(Z) )7n{ )i/ 2i/ _LL/- %2n{L(
() 1 C iL  ?N~ToO2 4 >8  )ygL(
(x) `} \IA2 ATo[L`}2`ZA`}T[Z 
}gEPI 2 Po4!0HZ u1} C iCX,`
}-5L|v(
( ) `} 2[20. $ 0  ;3ZHL(
(,) 1}PBC`}N&8L(
(e)  n H`}f n H - [`}{xL
Z,/ZQ }F&hi)-?PB`} `}T W s0
U[)!E sZH2 0O i \ $5LTo)mPLd;0
2 }F&Jk`} Cz-2A2"CL!E2kÆ0U`
}TL`h i $5
Z,/Q `} }L6QPB i QL} =
n U#`} Y Q  2VnÆO n PBL:|2Nb;._ g 
L`}
Z,/xQ }F&`6Q }PBL`}?Po )
3|}^Niv=1JsAn? %
(Z) z ALz0 ALzZH3hz (

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

204 

7o0  bKL`=0o.vZH3h7o u7o0OL
rz^$ho  k7o
1' C if y LPoK`} Ug y >#Nx>
`}TSsLo i #Q`}3-|v
Z,/ Q &`} CLO&}TSq}LX,`}-5
,>#LfjWuJ|v?}oTO n }L9^SqPB4}o
S2 n = {L`} Æ,CLX,-5--h|v
Z,/,Q } }UL}U`}T=) '|:J) 
}L Z℄e
Z,/eQ }F&y_} y k} Czi)}P}
P}F&OH_F% 
}F&Czi)}P y } Z=`/,kTUiT} :
m=``}u
.xkx/  )k'Ui
T}Y*i} z
Z,/ Q }F&l~LT} w , =Xi`ZFx  }0i
S&} ="b}F&l~LT} w , J`}F&l~L
T} w , .vUiT} 
Z,/7Q ℄m!?}LgE} =Uii2ZZLT} w
, T} i2ZZLT} w , 5T}~z>CzWt n [
2 } C i=CtNN&8` C iL
XTWCL} h
Uii2ZLT} w , T} 
i2ZLT} w , ~' C iL[JA~W%k n [L} hU
ii2ZxLT} w , T}  
} h_L}F&5"UiT} 
L 3LT} LUi^ C iLÆ C i
Z,/YQ } JkT} Cz9SPorj  )K' 
2
Æ.UT} qJLPBh) zT}Y*i i %k n [LQ
Ze/Q T}Y*i} iT} gyu>T}Y*iz y  
} kxT}. O L2 T} 5T}gEL=℄h5yke
Ze/ZQ } O2 =;7T}7`}TLSq_O 2
Sq-53JÆi)[q  -ZiLKYI
Ze/Q } iT} =ÆT}Y*iz.kx/kT1 
}iT} L`}k:i) n [} i T} J^k:U+ n
( )

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
2

205

[6QToLÆ.{x 
}PBT} CtNN&82 Æ.?tN5NLT} =C 
( nCLS 5T}gE} PBT} C  tNN&82Æ.
?tN5NL} =[3kT} C  b(b5N 
} J ÆC{tNN&8J,LPBT} `bT}gE 
8
Ze/xQ } 0T} %k n [ y ,  )kT=kT}L`
} n`}N&8
Ze/ Q n [TUiL  C 8 } Ton [o  =

L`vLx\Fl (
T(UPz C i(
L=`T} n [
%k'PAgEv5[q"PK5PL`x\Fl
f3AgEvZy-hg
Ze/,Q ℄m!?-  }LgE} =ÆzT}Y*i
.k/,kTk 4 "rvC}`}>Li)P
',[i)PF KJSTo%
(Z) }(
(
() }-? i }  L4(
(x) }T`} !*SqQ}} i -n [iPQQT
o(
( ) }F&L_ i }P(
(,) T}. O 
Ze/eQ } J5"=i=K 
Ze/ Q &gX=KQ2 O n =K C iL} L`%
k n [2 T} Cz=KPB3-h nST} zK2=K3P
BÆk ( k LY? n [ P 4 "rv5
r- Fi 4 "ST} $ n [Ni?zK2=KL
=PBT} k 2 *} PBÆk (& k L=P 4 
"rv5
skfJ
Ze/7Q ℄m!?}LgE}LÆm!?}LgE
Æ [2 hÆ.e l -? C o}L 4 "rvk`X
k h 
gEn[8!=.,h!=./hJL(O2 =; L 8

206

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

LgEgEvhbWgE72 bW8 b(75"dkLi
: F i Æ.5"ke F℄  -=
Ze/YQ }/-;$j=N%L0}`}+o 4 L>
i QL2 0} `} Y& UL h4u&  4u2 . n 
LuL 4 "rv,}>h/,}>hJ75"dk
Li : F i Æ.5"ke F7z;=.,h;=./hJ( 
,JL W,J(>*=℄L4"rvW?ÆZi3

T'0\ 4 \5L}/-V3  gibW5FHp}/-  (
$ _*!L ℄ U
Eke . i_&+L℄h5qIk
e
',S T}. O  4T} ',S Lbu LT})
u
Z /Q } h n -LQXL2 ip(``} L(``}
6S36L,LPB`} _ n H [`}L2 XL`} .v
RL 4 "rvk`k Z}>h,}>hJ
Z /ZQ ℄m!?}gEL} k. jf0H}L
(``} L2[zK2 W  RL 4 }`}LÆ.>L2 
j}UL 4 "rv  -Lh Z}>h/}>hJL 
(75"dkLi : F i Æ.5"ke F℄  -=($ _*!L
℄ U
Eke
',S T}. O  4T} ',S Lbu LT})
u
Z /Q } `}  z`}Li2 `z}2 
 ; y Y?}L| =-v 4 "rv  -L e
>*x}>hJL( (``} 2 `} i_&+L =qI&
+
Z /xQ } 2 }/-; $ JS>.ZL 4 "rv 
k`ÆX
k  e>*x}>hJL(>*=℄L})u%
(Z) `=iL4}  L(
() L}℄z`}LiL(
(x) Æ}2  ;z`.kFW?z`.k? &,  )
kL(
( ) ℄m!}LgEÆ}t=z.kFC`}(?.

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
2

207

k? &/kL(
(,) =  t}  t}L(
(e) gX}Q?}L(
( ) =t g Y)tL(
(7) 1gEv g To?}L(
(Y) `C`}(?3v y "W`}L(
(/) `} zKO n iPB℄}L
[gi })uL=℄}
Z / Q `} \ Y`}2 0} Y`}L`} hk
} 2 }F&_F$LY<HT}LT})u 4 "rv 
T}gE8!=.,h!=./hJL75"dkLi : F i
Æ.5"ke F7z;=.,h;=./hJL(,J
L W,J(>*=℄LHpÆZF℄L`}   -h  5
F  " : -; 4 dn
V7($ _*!L℄ U
Eke . i
_&+L℄h5qIke
Z /,Q `} h. 2s`}2 hÆ.-? )myHT}L
T})u } i_&+L℄h5qIke($ _*!L℄ U
E
ke
℄m!?}gEL`} ',S  $ _*!L 4 "r
vT}gE8!=.,h!=./hJL75"dkLi :
FiÆ.5"ke F7z;=.,h;=./hJL( 
,JL W,J(>*=℄LHpÆZFx℄`}   -h 
5F  " : -; 4 dn
V7
Z /eQ ℄m!?}LgE} 0`} ^`}o  
`}-5Q6QTo?8mL 4 "rv  -L75"dk
Li : F i Æ.5"ke F℄  -=
',S T}. O LT})u
Z / Q }F&_FWb`} L"12 Æ. a L}F
&_F2 'j}L 4 ) Fk. j`}L i bT} w
, Ll~hF0} 4 LÆ.>L 4 "rv  -LWWb
L"1h x!>h,}>hJL,S L}F&
_FHp5e}F&_FL -hJ^'je l}gEL}(
$ _*!L℄ U
Eke

208

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Z /7Q }F&_F`} Q bT +3℄ }b& D? 
2 `} Q bTW 8 Wt3kL 4 "rv  -L(
>*=℄LHp5e}F&_FL  J^'je l }gEL}
Z}>hJL
Z /YQ } Q bJS>.ZL})u=℄℄?
}2 ℄?} 4 "rvx}>hJL%
(Z) ;}UiL}} i -L(
() }} i - W 9k2 ip`} LTo3-2 XL`} .
vR4 }. O L(
(x) ="o5e}F&_FL '0}L(
( ) }F&L F F_O n iPBL(
(,) }F&FÆ_F`} Q bT 4 }. O L
Z7/Q } `}F&℄l~LT} w , hvUiT} L℄ 
m!?}LgE`,`}[}F&Il y ÆUiT} LT})
u 4 "rvk`k hT}gE8!=.,h!=./hJ
L(75"dkLi : F i Æ.5"ke F℄  -=
Z7/ZQ } 1 C i
XUiT} L2 T}Y*iz y 
kxT}. O L) =-0T} %k n [L2 `%k n [3kT}
CzfjQ2 k n [6QToL 4 "rv  -Lk`k  
e>*x}>hJL(i_T} &+L =qI&+
T}Y*iz y T} 5T}gEL) =-0} %k n [
L`%k n [3k} CzfjQ2  k n [6QToL2 C 
,PBLtNN&8L} HpÆT}   WÆ`}N&8( 
} L&+P Q `}N&8zLT} =P Q =-hqI(C`
}N&8L=} L&+h5qIke
Z7/Q T} ÆT}gEz℄  . LÆT}gE,0 y =z℄ 
. LÆT}gEL=iH4   )=K  . L2 =K ^ 
=KLz℄=K)u 4 "rvz℄=KgE8!=.,h
!=./hJL(,JL W,J(hk`WV
(>
*=℄L  " : -; 4 dn
V7
Z7/xQ } 0T} 1} i T} L`}k:n [
L} T} k:U+ n [6QToL{xL2 } ÆC{tN
N&82,LPBT} `bT}gE 8L 4 "rvk`k (

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
2

209 

hT}gE8!=.,h!=./hJL
Z7/ Q T} t0} k:L n [LtNN&8-n 
} i_L&+P Q tNN&8zL=P Q =-hqI(C 
tNN&8L=} L&+h5qIke
T} 10} k:L n [ts3>*=℄L 4 "rv
HpÆF,℄'j}gEL`}  -h  5F  " : -; 4 d
n
V7
~z>Wt n [LL'I C i
Z7/,Q } t0T} k:L n [L=V&T} L
tNN&8( T} i_L&+P Q &LtNN&8L=P Q =hqI(CtNN&8L=T} L&+h5qIke
~z>Wt n [LL' C i
Z7/eQ ℄m!?-  }LgE$y C iT})uL
=℄y C iLT}QÆ(`} T℄UiT} 2 ℄℄?
}
T})uLzLT}Y*i i %kL n [Æ=yNx>:
n [Ty:`L 4 0lx-LQLu>
Z7/ Q el7XL2 ip^WD^C℄hvL 2 Æ
.0'j`}L } =i}/-; $ L,L} q}/-; $
H-}EdL2 hÆ.-?q}`}+oL 4 "rvk`k
(75"dkLi : F i Æ.5"ke F℄  -L^ Q ^+ Q
L=>*℄L℄  -MV3t|L=
43L?' L℄' C i Uke
Z7/7Q }`}+o℄d"rv3kL Lh; 4 ) F
.k#3L2 w } 3℄$ _*!L℄ U
Eke( $ _*!L
℄  -"=
Z7/YQ el7i  b gE- }`} Q bT#L  
LkgEv2  4 "rv`2aP
sk h
ZY/Q ; L b02 v L "V1Cn8LgE?}1 
-8C  -  b-  }`}+oLQ i b&[ C iLhL
Æ C i:UT - iL &  4uL|v

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

210

ZY/ZQ
ZY/Q

^H L hw\ F&&[ 4 dk0N
^HÆ 2003 ℄ 5 Q 1 k-

&ZeQ+'JnG G;
A7%}eVl'REZNR 0u }eVl'RE 2 sQ }eV
l'REb.Q }eVl'RE 8 fQ }eVl'REH ftQ }eVl'R
E-"Q }ElM  #
s 27 :
A3v%2005-03-01
sIk h
ZZQ C(b gEL51}`}+oN L h4u&  4
u i }`}+o=E L n LuN&  bQKC{`uu eT
- iL }`}iL 3L 4 L3k=  Li^H
ZQ ^HL&`T - iL NT℄m!?}L  b g
E51}`}+o
',[51I=0  b gE 4 L℄PXQQ
ZxQ  b gEO n  b gE}(
iC 8} C i(A L h
\`Z 3 d) C iL(
i }Lm!Y Q },l51  7
el7i JÆ℄m!?}LgEÆ [2 hÆ.el -?
C o}
Z Q b gE51}`}+o=$1  t  i f6
LAn51}`}+obWD2 LXL
Z,Q  b gE51}`}+o℄} dk 
b gE} gE6hK}3K`hK(
TL51
&E L h C i C 8}L=  b gE} ℄0} 
b gE} gE6hK}3hb ) o?K`hK(

TL51&E L h C i C 8}L=hKT} i b gE}
[℄0}-=E LFQ i keh5 n [Ni 
b gE} 2 hKT} q℄HJQL}/-; $ h
H}/-V3}/-Q3W;6"V=Co}/-Q3;=
} (b(} }/-; $ 0`} ^NiLÆNi

212

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

ZeQ Mwk   SGY;>V4- _ Q℄
L 3L i W- M -"V 4 &  b gE"rvL3k=    b g
ET,KL51}`}+o6-rv℄551}`}+oTL 

sk mF
Z Q  b gE} I℄Cz}gE?}L 2 Æ. 
0^HZ,QZxhKT} [}3T } 
Z7Q ℄m!}L  b gE=gXJSQ W?51}%
(Z) } fK℄_:(
() 1 L h 4C i=tgEvg 2 X5Y)LfKv
g 2 X5(
(x) \82 8HfK6(
( ) W ( Cz51L;0SqPB
ZYQ ℄m!?}L  b gE1 L h 4 `gEv : - C
i"PgEvvL} =`PL?UPTÆ51 
}( 
}-? ( t}2L})}0? (Æ}2q})
Q4}ToPgEv g gEv=Æ g }ToLqQ 
4 "rv 
V`gE"V/i""8L'}To8Pv 
℄`v_TUi
Z/Q 51}=  t} i L}
Z/ZQ L3Lwk  UiL L h℄^ gE i &ÆRD5H
P -"VUiLW-℄^ gEÆ51$ & =  t}(JS>.Z
LKvh?L}%
(Z) 51Sq_X2dPBA KOh(``}   ,lL(
() F L h/OL h#%2 -Q[ZLd}:d  t}L(
(x) Y  t}L;0Y  t}L*\bJI+L(
( ) y" CC id  t}L
L h℄^ gE51LL}=K L 3Lwk  v(W-℄
^ gE51LL}=K&ÆRD5HP -"Vv

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
3

213

Z/Q $t}-?L} =}  ℄m!?51 
}L}  =` L h=iLPu2 ; 
$L}-?L} =kxhhgX51  LW>G a
LiL 2 Æ.0z`}Li
Z/xQ}  2 `}Li=\0JSTo%
(Z) } L2[ i W;(
() }51L2[zKSq C 8H(
(x) 5LW^ i 3v(
( ) 0H}2   ;LW^ i 3v(
(,) }2   ;WHL;(
(e) C  ;i2 `}LW^ i (?k
(
( ) `} L  PB
Z/ Q } =1}  2 `}Li C iL3vW^z} 
2  ;Æ}2   ;z.kFW?z.k
? J &,  )k} zL}2   ;=jn 
{ 
} hY Q ; 2 Æ.4}Y Q ; 2 Æ. 
4L}0i)}g[Qyu>zSZH3hi)}  
:y" C 2 }^ C iL|v 
}2   ;LW;= n -Jh
4 EL
|z>A~v}2   ;z y -n(} ` 
}z`}Li y 2 z}2  ; y J ÆY
?}~z>A~i_}Y?L`} LPBn"} W" & 
}L;
Z/,Q } h  e}51L^ i P(``} 2 `}
?  5(y" C (``} 2 `} L  Q C iL℄ 
Æ C i
Z/eQ   5=   ; i  y  
;I=} z`}2 z`}Li'(``} ?
L  5  ;ZL&(``}  2 + Sq_X51L  t 
}hFP  t,l(``} LL} 
y I=`t} y `} ?L  5 y Z`} Q b
TLxt=3?

214

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Z/ Q $H;L} =  ;    ;  L
^HZ/QZ/xQ 4 }  L C i
Z/7Q   ;ZKJSTo%
(Z)   ;Li(
()  !*(
(x)   PB(
( ) Æ.VAPB(
(,)   5} i -(
(e)   ;. O LY*-?
Z/YQ $H  ;L} =`  ;T_E C i  5
L} i -($H y L} =`}T_E C i  5L} 
i - 
} `?  53Jkx2r\0L  5} i -2 h 
\0L  5} i -(``} 2 `} ?  5
Z/Q K  ; y } =k  ; n L(``} z 
; n Y*i*0H}L3vW^ i - [3k  ; n 
L(``} *  ;. O   ; n L(``} x L} 
=℄?  ; 
y  n L`} }F&=Æ`})9}-
Z/ZQ }ZKJSTo%
(Z) `}Li(
() `} !*(
(x) `}  ?(
( ) Sq C 'zFÆ.PB(
(,) }} i -(
(e) n [iPQ 
} =`}T C i6QPB i Q0ÆTe l Zg6
QPB i QL`}Æ[ n EL-?}0(}0LPB i Q` 
}3J) 6QPB i Q&76QPB i Q C iU#x:L
+( 
{gzhFwx:?fL-
L h}51LSq}QKQdPBL} =`}
TCz\dPB ÆÆ) 6QPB i Q
Z/Q }51P =}KL}  n - =}KUi }KL

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
3

215 

5 
`}Tq6\0
Z/xQ } U#T} 7iH51?=KL=`}T
\0iPX2  5 n [LiP=JPB2 U#=K
|}PBJkx}51L  vT} K} [qkx}
51L  LS zK i =K
Z/ Q } hPB`} `CO n } C iPBL`}
vCX,`}-5:=`}T)z0O n T}QL`}
LX,`}-5-|v
Z/,Q } C iL gSq C =O nL hSq C L C i 
}T C iL gSq C pJPB2}0>ZiLw4Sq
}2[\A>W2   QJ W 9k2 ip(``} LÆ.T
oqOm!>Z   LSq C WU2;}W0Y}51LSq
C 3n=`' y )j
2\=& LJ
Z/eQ }=0U C i}3K W o  `TL,}~h
Fe? ) L-
`} Q bTJkx}T C iL}}- i T}Q
Z/ Q } h`}TPB`} hÆQL2sC`}N&
8`}N&8|S8vhIzgLN Y N(z'z2S
8(zThI} gLÆ. n 5N?
`}N&8ZJP Q `}oL;=.: {JP Q 7/}> i`}N&8u 
=0`}u
ZH
`} =1}PBL-? i 8`C`}(?.k'Æ`
}N&8C  } 2Æ}/-; $ 
`} 1}PBC`}N&8Li`})9}-
Z/7Q }= C iZ L=L`}u 
hN&}  (
L3vy_} i 0T} %k n [`}u 
} C iLC`}
(?.k\ 
`A`}u
.x'zSd>L} hi)?PB,`}
BF`}u 
`} [qBFLJPB2[U#kÆ`}L6Q 
To:=\BFÆ`}N&8Lu
(`} nBFLÆ`}+u
:`} LW"Æ`}N&8
[qBF`}u
L`} &x L} =℄}
Z/YQ &(``} `Rz}TCzL !} =hi

216

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

)?`};X&-?2 Y Q b 0(:[3Æ0(hi)-?Y*
, & }L(``} i0(LTo }L_=
|}0UPBvz?`};X&I,LL(``} Æl
i Æh5W>#LFQ
Zx/Q } =Ui`} rL`},L n -3v℄m!? 
}L51Æ}t=z.kF`} C`}(?.k?
J &/k
Zx/ZQ )IUYiÆSq C L51} h$I%}
b&
`ZZ%} hZLPB(``} CSq x_E?051L
SqC QKi Æ/} h0`} ^Æ xLTo?{ i;
&_Z ℄ZLSq Cy rL}
`Z%} =kZZ%CNSq xL`} C  K W ℄
ZSqCL ?}`}  e ?}LPBCKo  `TL
y `}
sNk F
Zx/Q `} I }'j`}RL 2 Æ.0 
i/ [Z LI FI h ?  O  FÆ
 tJ`[Z51}T[3`}
Z Li[Z~j[Z d L51=WqZ /-'j`}In 
)9}-
Zx/xQ `} =1}LPBrL`}`}= 
}CzL6QPB i Q)z 
`}ZKJSTo%(Z) `} Y (() `}Z! ((x) Sq
W'zL_E*s ( ) 3iSqx: ((,) `}N&8((e) 4&0 
(( ) }PBLÆ.To.
`} e}\0L516b>Y`T} y Æ  5 n [TL7iP 
=?=KL=``}T\0
Zx/ Q `} =`}PBC`}L(?3v'Æ`} 
%D&}T C iLW^} WE`} y =k`} zg
}0%W i %W3vL&`t}'e l 7 i Jt`}

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
3

217 

} J"bhbPbhFb -?CL`}F`} 
Lk
`}PBC`}L(?3v y &L`} )uL`} 
} = W ÆÆADoWn"`} 
C`}L`} &x L} =℄℄}℄} y `
} i &x Lm!}L  b gEP 4 "rvX5 y h
^?}2 Ih n `} ?t} i }
Zx/,Q `} `}PBC`}L(?3v'hr
kJ/2 V"fCL`} i)Y*} rkLTo `
}L_=
Zx/eQ `C`}(?3v y `} JrkJ/2 V
"Æ`}`} rkJ/`}L} -"b(`} V"
`}LÆ`}N&8Æ[W
Zx/ Q } sN :a f"WL`}k2V"Y*X,`
}-5Q`}Q =  N%
Zx/7Q I h 2 Æ.0h_Z  n HhZ `}
LA [`} 
n H -%k [`}{x y J^hÆQ2s7y`}TJ_2
'jÆ. n H`[ZgET`}(In)9}-
Zx/YQ  n H -=`} ?  ;3k} Cz_
n HLCz n HL  ;y_ y J_ n H`} 
} J,L  ; n L`} _ n H
ssk uF3F<wF
Z /Q t}=`}UiLC`}(?3vL[Z3v  t
?(t}W^= }TUiLW^
`} 2Æ_L/ Lz?t}&ThÆili'jt}&
Z /ZQ `}JS>.ZL} -b-%
(Z) + 
&L2 &=iW^L(
() 1}PB%DL
`}JS>.ZL}F
&x y 19}-%
(Z) )7n{ )i/ 2i/ _LL/- %2n{L(

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

218 

)i/ zgL_LqiL(
(x) 1 C iL  ?N~ToO2 4 >8  )ygL(
( ) `} \IA2 ATo[L`}2`ZA`}T[Z 
}51PI 2 Po4!0HZ YPoL1} C iC 
X,`}-5L|v(
(,) `} 2[20. $ 0  ;3ZH4C  u&0L( (e)
`}u 
}PBL(
( ) 1}PBC`}N&8L(
(7)  n H`}f n H - [`}{xL(
(Y) }0U C ih9}LÆ.> 
}F&,`})9}-L2 }F&Z=`})9}
- y Æ.u`}x ;J`}0ORRliIlO`}L} 
=℄}
Z /Q }F&hi)-?PB`} `}TW s0U
[)!E sZH2 0Oi\ $5LTo)mPLd;02  
}F&Jk`} Cz-2A2"CL!E2kÆ0U`}T
L`h i $5
Z /xQ `} }L6QPB i QL}F&
=)9}- U#`} Y Q  2VnÆO n PBL:|2Nb;.
_ g L`}
Z / Q Sq{72Sq C WL)  kPB℄ZL51Z$
KL S`}o?}Sq_X2Sq C WL)  kPBPh
℄ZL51Z$ n  ) ?}
S`}oJS&_^
Z /,Q O n }PB4}o S2 n = {[l~ T}
w , L`} Æ,CLX,`}-5--h|v
Z /eQ }F&y_} y k} Czi)}P}P 
}F&OH_F%
Z / Q }F&`i)}PTl~LT} w , =Xi`ZF
x  }0iS&} ="b}F&l~LT} w , J`
}F&l~LT} w , .vUiT}  
}F&Czi)}P y } Z=`/,kTUiT} :
m=``}u
.xkx/  )k'Ui
( )

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
3

219

Z /7Q ; L 8`2 L hmLgE} =Uii2Z
ZLT} w , T} i2ZZLT} w , 5T}~z>CzW
t n [2 } C i=CtNN&8` C iL
XTWCL 
} hUii2ZLT} w , T} 
i2ZLT} w , ~' C iL[JA~W%k n [L} hU
ii2ZxLT} w , T}  
} h_L}F&5"UiT} 
L 3LT} LUi^ C iLÆ C i
Z /YQ } JkT} Cz9SPorjs2 ` y Q3Kh
FÆ.Pz} C iLUT} qJLPBh) zT}Y*i i %
k n [LQ
Z,/Q T}Y*i} i T} gyu>T}Y*iz y 
} kxT}. O L2 T} 5T}gEL=℄h5yke
T}Y*i} zThqÆ}/-; $ z
Z,/ZQ } i T} =ÆT}Y*iz.kx/kT1
}iT} L`}k:i) n [} i T} J^k:U+ n [
6QToLÆ.{x 
}PBT} CtNN&82 Æ.?tN5NLT} =C 
( nCLS 5T}gE} PBT} C  tNN&82Æ.
?tN5NL} =[3kT} C  51(b5N
tNN&88Z T}n [oL 10hT} J ÆC{tNN&
8
Z,/Q } 0T} %k n [ y ,  )kT=kT} i T
}L`} Zn`}N&8
Z,/xQ m!vLb gE51 n[o =
L`vLl ` 
(
T(UPz(
L=`T} n [%k'PAgEv5[q
gEv=  e}L6b>F3)zv2 -vLli(gE 
v-vL} =Æ r PzLl 
Z,/ Q ℄m!?51}LgE} =ÆUiT} .k
/,kTk 4 "rvC}`}>Li)P
',[i)PF KJSTo%
(Z) }519^>(
() }-? i }  2   ;  L4(

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

220

o(

x }T`} !*SqQ}} i -n [iPQQT

( )

}F&L_ i }P(
(,) T}. O 
( )

sk h
Z,/,Q } 2 }/-; $ JS>.ZL 4 "rv
k`ÆX
k  e>*x}>hJL%
(Z) ` C iL4}  L(
() O nC iQ2!O n QKv Æ?L}2}
L(
(x) ℄m!}L51Æ}t=z.kFC`}(?.
k? &/kL(
( ) =  t}  t}L(
(,) gX}Q?}L(
(e) =t g Y)tL(
( ) 1v g To?}L(
(7) `C`}(?3v y "W`}L(
(Y) `} zKO n iPB℄}L(
(/) 7~z>A~`}  z`}Li2 `  ; 
2} y Y?}L
g'>.Z4>*=℄L=℄℄}
Z,/eQ } h n -LQXL2 ip  ; n L(``}
'j`}(``} 6S36L,LPB`} _ n H [`}L
2 XL`} .vRLk`k hZ}>h,}>hJL
Z,/ Q }QbJS>.Z4 }. O L 4 "rv 
x}>hJL%
(Z) ;}UiL}} i -L(
() }} i - W 9k2 ip`} LTo3-2 XL`} .
v  R(
(x) ="o5e}F&_FL '0}L(
( ) }F&L F F_O n iPBL(

J & {3t9y VCjC(_
3

221

, }F&FÆ_F`} Q bT C O+   L
g'>.ZL=℄℄?}2 ℄?}
Z,/7Q } 1C i
XUiT} L2 T}Y*iz y kx
T}. O L) =-0T} %k n [L2 `%k n [3kT} Cz
fjQ2  k n [6QToL 4 "rv  -Lk`k 
e>*x}>hJL(i_T} &+L =qI&+
T}Y*iz y T} 5T}gEL) =-0} %k n [
L`%k n [3k} CzfjQ2  k n [6QToL2 C 
,PBLtNN&8L} HpÆT}   WÆ`}N&8( 
} L&+P Q `}N&8zLT} =P Q =-hqI(C`
}N&8L=} L&+h5qIke
Z,/YQ } t0T} k:L n [L=V&T} Lt
NN&8( T} i_L&+P Q &LtNN&8L=P Q =-h
qI(CtNN&8L=T} L&+h5qIke
~z>Wt n [LL' C i
Ze/Q T})uLzLT}Y*i i %kL n [Æ=yNx>
: n [Ty:`L 4 0lx-LQLu>
( )

sk h
Ze/ZQ o&  b gE:o& 1 i>`L51}`}+o
'^H7
Ze/Q ;Lb02 v L "V1Cn8LgE?}1
-8C-51}`}+oLQ i b&[ C iLhLÆC i
:UT - iL &  4uL|v
Ze/xQ ^H L hw i k  F&&[ 4 dk0N
Ze/ Q ^HÆ 2005 ℄ 3 Q 1 k-

4G_F=4G d83x
A7%}eVl'REZN  g0uT ^}eVl'RE 2 sQ
}eVl'REb.Q}eVl'RE 8 fQ}eVl'REH ftQ}
eVl'RE-"Q
s 12 :
A3v%2001-07-05
sIk h
ZZQ N C (}+oN&}L   }`}+o=E
L n Lu℄T - iL }`}Li^ C i
ZQ ^ C iL&℄m!}gEL}+o
ZxQ }+o$1   -lLAn
Z Q }+o℄?e l 7 i J7q;2 } Q b
i.O 
Z,Q } =$HmP"-N&}+o`=  N%L>J?
ZeQ }+oFÆ=E ="b℄6-Lrv 
4"rv℄L3L2 W-"VL3k= }+o6-rv
℄5}+oTL 
sk 3F^E
Z Q }F&℄ dk}+ok} l~T} w , 2 
e} L_L5"UiT} 
Z7Q }F&} dk  
}F&_F27Z&t}'Ui}F&_F27`T}. O U
i'=N%
ZYQ }F&} 2ÆqL}/-; $ k>\ 4 V3L/ 
hF 4 SqKYQ-)Lwh__F z , h7zÆTSqK

J &!C1vS!Cj_CO?D
4

223

YQ-)LwhJ &_FzLx=. 
}F&dk L}F&dk }F&_Fla>#2  
} Ui}F&dk 0}F&LÆ._F[QL lL
Z/Q }F&Lwh_F=&Mh -"V4 C  Lwh
2.2 }/-; $ LwhÆTL\ 4 wh27TUi
1'CiUi}whh$H#;tH2 5"UiL-?ZgE 
h$H#;tHL-?(Sq_XwVPB{2 L hdPB
L}gE$H#;tH-?UiLwhPh'eLh} 5"Ui
Z/ZQ }whO n JSQ% 
ZE\ 4 wV\5  )7℄ g{M3[2 [QwV ( 
k> 4 }`}Ly C  g0}gE\ 4 L6KG( 
xW ( g f6C,Wt3k
Z/Q JS>.ZLJ5e}F&_F% 
Z`} 2 `} iPdk LD7o( 
gEi : 2 "rvL F( 
x0`} KY4u 4 CW `}  L(  
t~`}}hFÆ.0}`} 4 +oE b Q 
"2
EL 
}F&_F' C i>.ZL=ioCz"o
Z/xQ }F&_F= 8  Wt3k$℄3VGH,
CzLqh5 ke 
}F&_FJ0el`} 2 0}.O 4 U4 CL ?
J" 
JWb`} T4 Æ.4 U4 C L"12 Æ. a 
Z/ Q }F&_Fi0}+o 4L  ) FJ j`}
L i bT} w , Ll~>hF0} 4 LÆ.>
',[0}+o 4 L  ) FI=}F&_FhvL~'0}
rv  )2 E3  )*> 4 }>L, F
sNk 3Fn ?W_N3T
Z/,Q }F&_F=rL  };L\ 
F N0 i k>hJTo% 
Z}LE}( 
}gEL(
i Q( 

g?U}

224

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

x}T C iLiPSqPB} i 3Q(  
} C iL}}}- i `} Q bT|vL\ 4 ~
Z/eQ } 2 ÆqL}/-; $=k}F&C },
L℄P; i ze 
} }UL}U=N% `}3) '|
Z/ Q }F&=  e} C iL}} i -`}
?C℄W i b}T C iL} i -J) }L℄e 
}TC iL}} i }-= n -J W 9k2 ip(`
`} LToJ3-2 XL`} .vLR
Z/7Q }F&=1`}PoL{S2 } C iLÆ.- 
`}i&h [5iPoL=1T L `t}k  L'|Tv
o _ -i 
}='|} i '|FQ)z C i) C iL'|FQ`}
h5
Z/YQ }F&hi)-?PB`} `}T W s0U
[)!E sZH2 0O i \ $5LTo)mPLd;02 W 
d;02  hi)-?? JPz`}L(
2 kx`
}L6QTo
`}TL+~8 i r~8ZHLh+~8 (o807
o8ZHLh7o8 :7o8rz^0O$5L|v([ 
^`}L0N#|xLhT^ 
Z/Q `} Q bT}F&S`} h. L2s`} Y`
}h$Y<HT}2 hÆ. )m-?`}Li`} L`})9
}-
Z/ZQ `}QbT}F&S`} LPo0OS&Æ.`}
Po2 `}U30OS&}U;JÆ`}PoWS&Æ _^L
=PBi`} )zi)0 C  \ 4 &0Q`} W n -02 W
C  \ 4 &0QL}F&gii`} hS&_^PoR}Æ`}
)9}-
Z/Q `} QO nL h 4C i i }PBL2 
1PB`}?d;02  L}F&hIlÆ`}
Z/xQ }F&=5Z`}II}CzL,6
QPB i Q)z W`6Q L`}'9}-

J &!C1vS!Cj_CO?D
4

225

Z/ Q }F&=  e}5 ggSz`}LO
`}x:
`}x:= ℄+x: i Ex:
Z/,Q JS>o&℄+x:% 
Z1}PBC  `}5N2 ,C  L`}5N.( 
`}`} _L/ % i jn  {( 
x`}\0L}gEy_
XP Q } C iL
X(  
0OO n Sq C Sq}LPB( 
,`}\0L51K}-?zG} i -QO n }LP
B( 
e`}f} W"bLQ(  
O n }T C iLÆ.6QPB
`}s>.ZL W})z6Q  1^ C i
Z/xQ C i)9}-}℄+x:^ C iLÆ C i
Z/eQ Ex:I=`}`6Q }PB:` W
-`hg2 C  NyLSq; i zeQ> 4 w`h2 
y&Æ.`} i_  L. O Ex: `}Lu 
}F&=i)PB`Ex:L`} `}.x'-h   
L`_E3hEx:)4&i`} LKÆKÆ}=`
}T C i
Z/ Q }F&  e^ C iZ/QZ/ZQZ/QZ 
/xQZ/,QL C iIl n `}2 2i 9} y ~u`}
x ;J`}0ORRL}F&hIlO`}
`} &x 2 ,`}[IlL} =℄℄}
ssk )#3T
Z/7Q Kxn L`}}F&=  e}Ui
L}} i -ÆSq= i 3=)?Zb
Z/YQ }-KKL S`}o n  ) 2 y
" C U#LÆ.}-
Zx/Q KL S`}oZL&gYSqW}2 
} ÆSqWdPBL}gE

226

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Zx/ZQ  eKL S`}oW ( }L6QPB
4KL S`}oL`}=l~ T} w , 
Zx/Q $KL S`}oL}F&=  e}T
C i}o  f-,`} L`}PohF`}L3=)mP
Lo  f
$KL S`}oLT} L`}=O n } C iLSqP
B i }:}F&)`}LSq=?o 

Zx/xQ eL S`}oy__E y }F&=Yi
ZA
}ob B[i)}PC} 
}ob =\0`}
L`}Po3x:Lo  f i 0hFKL Y`}o
Zx/ Q d$KL S`}oL}gEZ=$H n 
) ?
Zx/,Q en)  +X}W}T C iL g n 
o}L`}=l~ T} w , 
r K`}II +X}W}T C iL go}h$H

5iL-)=L-2 Æ.-KÆL~FÆL℄=`} 
T0U C i
Zx/eQ }F& ~?KÆ3=ÆKÆ=} :`
[Z92 [Z}; `}gb 
Sq=i 3=?KÆ y }F&=I=LKÆ. O ? 
jL\ zZ`}L n  ) o2  n  ) =
Zx/ Q  e n  ) y_} y }F&=YiZA 
n 
) b B[i)}PC}  
n  ) b =\0`} L
`}Po,)Le l  3x:LfSqx:Lf ~ 
L ) hFZ`}L Y. O 
Zx/7Q  e}L C iU#`} `X,}L}F&h 
T} ,`LX,}?hliII$LX,}O n T}QL`}
LX,}-|v
Zx/YQ & = 7g n [L}gE}U#`} 0
J gE n [Cz#L}F&h`} CzL#?5h
liIIÆ}gE) Z  n [_-T} Æ}gE) Z H n [
_-LH n [T} L`}= 4&} 
Z /Q } i i}=``}u
.xk 30  )k'y_W`

J &!C1vS!Cj_CO?D
4

227

`}u
.xk 30  )k'y_} i i}L} =Y*,`}
BF`}u 
nBF`}u
L`} LW"`}N&8[qBF`
}u
L`} =\BFÆ`}5NLu 
:Jk`}L6Q 
To~BF`}u
i_`} &+L} =  -I:~z
>BF`}u
L|v 
}=\0`}u 
`}u 
C`}(?k\ 
sk _F?HWwF
Z /ZQ }F&`} Q bTSL!E=F3)z-2 k 
} Cz- x )i)^o
Z /Q }F&y_} y =k} Czi)}P Q 
4 "rv}P=q6^\hJTo% 
Z9^> i ze ( 
}F&_F27( 
xt}^o(  
O n PBL`}Z! ( 
,9}>0( 
e}}}-2 }~Z! (  
KLo  2 =bZ! ( 
7KL`} i&( 
Yl~LT} w , 270%k n ['P-LEd( 
/d;0 EgfP
Z /xQ }P}F&OH_F%}.k|xL
}F&_Fhi)-??sÆ[q i -}F&_F n`}P
%4XsÆ[q i -LS [q}.}F&=
)zi)0 ^o`5
Z / Q k} Ci)}P y }F&K0z} Q b
T;L  hFÆ.Q=K3 F } 
Z /,Q }F&l~LT} w , =Xi`ZFx  }0iS 
&
Z /eQ T} L`}=O n JSQ.Z% 
ZW ( +X}}T C iL g n o}(

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

228 

W ( }L6QPB 4KL`}o  S(:I`
}o  S&_^L|v
Z / Q `UiT} .'} J0`} ^`}o  `}-5
Q6QTo?8m
Z /7Q ;L8`2 L hmLgE} =Uii2Z
ZLT} w , T} i2ZZLT} w , 5T}~z>CzW
t n [2 } C i=CtNN&8` C iL
XTWCL 
} hUii2ZLT} w , T} 
i2ZLT} w , ~' C iL[JA~W%k n [L} hU
ii2ZxLT} w , T}  
} h_L}F&5"UiT} 
L 3LT} LUi^ C iLÆ C i
Z /YQ T} Ui y } =kT} zT}Y*i[3Y* 
T}  0T} ` 30  )k.T%k n [
Z,/Q T}Y*i} iT} gyNx>T}Y*izy  
} kxT}. O 2T} 5T}L=h5yke
Z,/ZQ } =0T} 1} i T} L`}k:i)
n [} 0T} J^k:U+ n [6QToLÆ.{x
Z,/Q } 0T} %k n [ y 5 )kT=kT} i T
}L`} n`}N&8
sk h
Z,/xQ }F&_F`}Q bT +3℄ }b& D?
2 `} Q bTW 8 Wt3kL -L(>*=℄LHp5e 
}F&_FL  J^'je l ℄m!?}gEL} Z}
>hJL
Z,/ Q }F&_FWb`} Æ.4 U4 C L"12 Æ. a 
L}F&_F2 0}+o 4 L  ) Fk. j`}L 
i bT} w , Ll~hF0} 4 LÆ.>L -LWWb
L"1h x!>h,}>hJL(,S L}F&
_FHp5e}F&_FL  J^'je l ℄m!?}gEL
}($ _*!L℄ U
Eke

J &!C1vS!Cj_CO?D
4

229

Z,/,Q } `}F&℄l~LT} w , hvUiT} L
℄m!?}gE`,`}[}F&Il y ÆUiT} LT})
uk`k hT}gE8!=.,h!=./hJL(75
"dkLi : F i Æ.5"ke F℄  -=
Z,/eQ } 0T} 1} i T} L`}k: n [
L2 } T} k:U+ n [6QToL{xLk`k (hT
}gE8!=.,h!=./hJL
Z,/ Q T} 0} k: n [L`}N&8-n HpÆT
}   } i_L&+P Q `}N&8zL=P Q =-hqI( 
C`}N&8L=} L&+h5qIke 
} mmUiT} 2 ) =-0T} %k n [L -L 
e>*Z}>hJL(i_T} &+L =qI&+
s6k h
Z,/7Q ℄m!}gEhvL}+o'^ C i7
Z,/YQ ;Lb02 v L "V1Cn8L}gEL}+
o1-8C  -}F&0}-^ C iLLÆ C i:
UT - iL L&  4uL|v
Ze/Q ^ C iA' 4 }; $i }-L C i0^ C iZHL
h^ C i y2 " C ^ C iLÆ C i
Ze/ZQ ^ C i L hw\ F&&[ 4 dk0N
Ze/Q^ C iÆ.k-

&ZeQ+'nG GH{ v ~;
A7% }eVl'REZN 0u }eVl'RE 2 sQ }e
Vl'REb.Q }eVl'RE 8 fQ }eVl'REH ftQ }
eVl'RE-"Q }ElM  #
A3v%2004  8 9 1 [
T - iLL hw i k  F& T - iL 
T
- iL SG T - iL Y T - iL ;>V 
T - iL 4 T L - _ _`
s 11 : 
2&% >1UiBi;Æ y>fUiBzF,bE  "r
u%'"RUiB* V1U^Kw g}eVl'REUBiB^X
yCz 2 s8xUBiBzFi;Æ'^.~%O 2004  8 9 1
[, N
ZZQ N L h4u&  4u i }`}=E L n Lu : 
{uL  b gE}`}+o`-;L eT - iL 
}`}Ze/,Q C iLi^H
ZQ ^HL&  b gE}`}+oL`FÆ-+o
',[}`}+oK}`}t}}T}hF%k n [Q
%
ZxQ `} i Æ.4 U4 C g }`}+oO n y CiC {
C iLL℄k 4 "rv`
',[Æ.4 U4 C I=`} hvL0}gE2 `}+o5"
i v"4u 4 C L Æ.0 i 
Z Q Mwk   4YSG- _ ;>VYb 
Q}`}+o"rv℄ L 3LH  T L 3L 4 6}`}+o"rvL3k=  LqLY*L H*2000+34 d i W M -"V C iL3k=  b-` ℄'z-li

J & {3t9yVCjC{Gj<(_
5

231 

L h℄+ gEW VgE}`}+oL` L hwk  
b- ℄'z-li L h℄+ gE}`}+oL` 4 V
"rvfKb-L=YP L hwk  L hwk  ^b-
Z,Q "rv-`3=tk   {uAn L h
4u&  4u i }`}=E L n Lu
ZeQ "rv=Ui^Tdkb-`L; $ FÆb 
b ℄ i Y7W; k&  
Z Q ` `3=C`i`i=KJSTo% 
Z` L2[W;FuC-?( 
[` L2[W;FuC-?( 
x`EgL9^E6(  
\ 4 BFi}( 
,uZ) i \ 4 &0Q
` I L`im!Æi/ 2 _L/ % n{(Æ. 
02 `L`im!ÆiPdk 2 ` ^ % fu 
A&0_
`i 4 QIvL` =[3C  ÆTz^
Z7Q ` Jh` 2iNRYJ?mq`}`}+oL D?
ZYQ ` =`*G2 =*GÆLuWE6 U .k/kTCzi
)`
Z/Q ` h5"`Thq/- H-`E3/- H`E33Æ_LqiB[`iZFC  "rv_Lqi
=0U 4 q/-LX i Eg
Z/ZQ "rvWE`i y =`,kT?5S>=
'zhJ-li% 
ZO n `-QLli-b- Æ-b-L-i)*
` ( 
O n `-QL:o&^b-L`i)*`
kÆ."rvCz`(&O n `-Q lib-LWE`i
.kK ?b-
Z/Q JS>.ZL`-b-% 
Z` I,`}`}+oL'0 2 0`gE)e l 4 U

232

4 C(

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

`EggH4C  uZ)Ph5&L( 
x`img` 62% i uC-?L(h 2s` 
L`iKi/ % jn  {L(  
P Q `3uL( 
,fK)z-li 4` CzL&eL( 
e`Egf?s"_x2 "b&L
Z/xQ "rvdk`-L  ) FJS>.ZL=
io"o% 
ZD7oI[` ` 2 I[` ` LiPdk ( 
`Dx℄T^ tK`[` >5e{M : -33( 
x0[` ` Æ.4 U4 CW `Eg  -L
Z/ Q "rvb-` y =fH5R 4 f5g 6
4 > 
>_XF) A L℄+`EgLb-`L"rvh&
[Æ. 4 L"rv? n f5 [?U y b-'z-li
Z/,Q "rvf5H&3=I2h"7 F?
' o[f5 %Ug
Z/eQ ``-Q bT"rv=UH[` LXs i z
mP3Y*` i [` ?Q&
Z/ Q "rvdk-`L F==  $℄N% C i&`
`- Q bT,"EL L h#%V#%=-hN%TJÆ`Eg
j  0`) 4 LÆ.7 i 
Z/7Q "rv℄?Lf5` [` hF}F
&_FQ0`Eg 4 L=E =-hs n q6C   4 QF>J
n[2 P
Z/YQ `-li'z'` PBV"`L=hi)?C
z 0-"rvShJ>liII-V"% 
ZfK560O L=V" e)f55F'zli( 
V"`& UL h4u&  4u2 Æ.=E n LuL
=-V"`- Q bY?` Jh[ZE6 i -^Cz`
Z/Q "rv=  ef5 i H&>`Eg?51

J & {3t9yVCjC{Gj<(_
5

233 

JS C i'z-li% 
Z`RE6  e2 y℄eL"`( 
`>o6}`}+oU6` L℄eT e4 i
L }`}FÆ. 4  C C {'z
Z/ZQ dkb-`L"rv=Æb-`.kx/kT 
`Eg'z-li hi)?Y*` [` i Æ.0`. O  4 L=E 
>_XW` C i
XT'z-liLK^dk vhL
=BF *` i [` 
Z/Q `i-li=KJSiPTo% 
Z` i [` L2[q;( 
` L`EgFi}( 
x[` L(zFB(  
f5giL9^E6( 
,"rvL-qF℄e
Z/xQ "rv= :`-5 ' a N i:-  )"
b 4 -)Lrvz5
Z/ Q "rv`-` Q bTS[` 75"dkL
i : F i Æ.5"ke F C 2 f L= xÆ"i :
; 4 fzr5  -=(>*=℄ $ _*!Lb ; 4 - 
}/-;$ 4>*=℄L℄bW5FHp}/-  
Z/,Q =E "rvL`-liQ2 "rv+ 

'-Lh℄"_x2 k -LC"
Z/eQ ` /q_iE6i&0QLo&mq`
"rv"`  -L(>*=℄Lh Z}>hJ
Z/ Q "rv  ) F`-` Q bT-
.k#3L2
w } 3℄` )6P_L℄  -"=($ _*!L℄ U

Eke
Z/7Q "rv`-` Q bTJk` i [` WH
e l ;
Z/YQ &QU>*=℄L`Eg"rvhÆ` 
-. O ` 4 H  "b' i arv
Zx/Q ^H L hwk  &[ L 3L 4 0N

234

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v
Zx/ZQ ^HÆ 2004 ℄ 8 Q 1 k- 

e =duLaQX&Z
X&nG G1~;
A7%}eVl'RE 2 sQ
A3v%2001-06-01 
AH ,<4dPOs 89 : 
k 2 ÆRd  s zUB7i^|Y!!u9eu[
T 97eQiuVRfH.ZOZOi[, N 
F: ) ! 
!!Z℄eQZk
sIk 

h

ZZQ NC(0' p i P"9-  b-  }`}+o
}`}=E L n Lu℄eT - iL pT - iL }
`}Qy" C Li^H
ZQ `T - iLNTE0' p i P"9- b- }
`}+o6-0' p i P"9-  b-  }`}+oLrv : -L 
^H
^H,[0' p  bI= )0' pFÆfo- i 0Æs=L
Zl: GX/}  bFQTv}  b
^H,[P"9-  bI=℄PGl Y i[ 
`>DV%-7-2 u WJ  -Ffo-Lj 
: GX/}  b
ZxQ 0' p i P"9-  bhJ{[  bL-  7g n [ )
o` 200 }> -ih2 gE`` 3000 }> -ihLm!? 
}
&ÆRD5HP -"V "i : PK[M -"Vv

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

236 

h  e6b>C i^WDm!?  b-  }LgH(
iC 8}: 
J'r^HUiLm!?-  }L( 

Z Q L3L "i: dkO L b- }`}+oLrv :
- UMhW- -"V "i : dk^"D5T  b-  
}`}+oLrv : -gHLrv : -  )hq  b}`}rv : -;
$ dk6-
Z,Q e l 7 i J$y" CC iXL2 ip^W
D^C℄hvL 2 Æ.0'j`}Jhe l -?7q-  }
`}+o
ZeQ -  }`}+oFÆ=E =℄"brv 
"i : ℄-  }`}+o6-rv5-  }`}
+oTL 
sk

m F

Z Q b- }} ℄06-} Jh n -QX
L2 ip(``} J(``} 6S36J(``} Cz
0}  b6bPBOL Q {LQQMPB i Æ.PB
Z7Q  b-  }=gXJSQ% 
Z1 L h 4C iPtgEvY)LfKtvY)( 
b82 8HfK6( 
x-  }PL\FÆ.SqQ(  
y C C { C iLÆ.Q
ZYQ  b-  }=  t} i L}
℄m!?-  }L  bO; L 8`2 L 8`
x
- 2 iCWL=  t}:K L h\2 &ÆRD5HP
-"V℄vh?L}L℄^ gE|v(Æ.  bh6L
}
Z/Q bJS>.ZLKUMhW- -"V "i :  
vh?-  }% 
ZW 2  y _ L7  b4hK #x  L( 
-VÆ ÆL b4i-  VQQMOn bPBL( 
x`  b jLfor  b2 iHj1  b4hK #

J &l3Se t { VCjC8(_
6

237

x  L(  
y C C { C iLÆ.>
Z/ZQ ℄m!?-}L b} ÆH--}EdL 
=grL} i 0}LW>% 
ZwL-  }0; $ ( 
0  b C 8_Xb}\L g[)  b-  }KGk
> 4 b-  }y C L  bSql; F  b : -LwV F 
gXsQL} =qg\  L  b}/-; $ /
--  }
Z/Q } ÆH--  }EdL=`}  2 z
`}LiL 5 k'k  b,`WUMhW- -"V "i : X
5 PJSQ% 
Z1 L h 4C iH-vY)L gv( 
^HZ/ZQ,SQL&0QKwVSq FL273
[&i2 7V  &iFÆ  )K2L&0Q( 
xy C C { C iLÆ.Q 
} gXÆH--  }EdQL "i : =ÆW
EX5Q.k 5 kTk`} W?ÆH--  }Ed
Z/xQ O; L 8`2 L 8`x
- 2 iCW
℄m!?-  }L  bgE=?s pPB?}`}+o
"V4: -; 4 h` pPBDTH- 4 Y) ℄6-r
v
Z/ Q ℄m!?-  t}L  bgE=` L h2 W-=
iLPu; 2 Æ.4}   [3`T L b  i p
V; }   
}  =\0} L2[ i W;}  bLQC 8W^h
F0H}LHQEg
Z/,Q } $L}-?L=k 3 hOn QQL Vz`}Li
`}Li=\0^HZ/ QZ C iLEg
Z/eQ } h  e}  bLP`} ?  ;
Thq b}/-; $ `} ?  ;6  ;L} 
b} =`}  2 `}LiT\0  ;LQ i 0H  ;

238

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

LH 
 ;Z=K  ;i  ? !*hFP
`} C  LVQVASq}X"3~ i YlzLgEK-0i
PSq FL{2VAQ&0Q
Z/ Q K; y } =k  ; n L`} z 
; n Y*i*0H}L3vW^ i - [3k  ;
n L`} *  ;. O 
`; n L`} Q 3h} T,l & 7 h 
 ; n L`} 
Z/7Q } =  e}  bL^ i PÆ2 q  b}
/-; $ rL}}=KJSTo% 
Z`}!*K  bl}( 
 5Q b8H
2 6>KzgL8&0} =
PBQK}SB
1vi( /i`}rLCkV"LPB`}PoPB`}
u 
t}L3v i W^}L- i }Q( 
}  bLSqPB i \( 
x$  bK;7}L=C  bK;7(  
`} Y L  ?Ffo( 
,Y%k n [LiPQ( 
ePB`} CLÆ.Q
Z/YQ ℄m!?-  }L  b} =`}zL[
3Æ}P  b,`WLUMhW- -"V "i : X5 
"i : S}$y C ToL=k`} k 
Z/Q } fzL}?mPLd;2 kL=` 
}PBC`}(?3vF 15 k'hi)?Y*,}
Wb  [3P  b,`WLUMhW- -"V "i : X5i
d;2 kLTo }L_=
Z/ZQ } }UL=℄e L h C iL  bK\ C nF
} C iL\o- i PBrL}U `t}'N%Z }  bAWrL
Z }U
Z/Q } &zL}hW ^;ÆTL\ 
} hW:8&t} y Æ\nL} =n:8

J &l3Se t { VCjC8(_
6

sNk
V

239 

F

Z/xQ

-  }L`} I -  }'0`}RL-  

`} =gX\L-  VQ `  bVASqW>gEK
-  Q"3~Q-)}CzLPB
Z/ Q `} } !Pd;L=hi)?k}
Cz
Z/,Q `} =1}LPBrL`}}C
zL6QPB i Q)z  
}U#`} C  X,}L`} h1}LPBC
J/-5 )z\Po)X,}
Z/eQ `}=KJSTo% 
Z`} Y ( 
-  0\2 -  -5( 
x`}Po(  
}PBC  LÆ.Q
Z/ Q } h`}TPB`} C`}5N`}5N 
h$`}N Y 2 `}N&8L-?`}N&8h;(z'zQ
ZJP Q `}oL 2  {JP Q 50 }>
`} =1}PBL-? i 8Æ`}N Y 2 `}N&8
#`}C} 
Z/7Q `} =`}PBC`}L(?3v'Æ`
}%D&`}W^} WE`} y =k`} zg}0%W
i %W3vL& sN`}`t}'e l 7 i pJt
`}`}PBC`}L(?3v y &L`} )uL
`}} = W
C`}L`} & 3 L} =℄℄}
Z/YQ `} `}PBC`}L(?3v'hr 
k2 V"fCL`}rkLTo `}L_= 
=1^HZ/7QZZL C i&%W i N : `}PBC`
}L(?3v y &Lr2 kLTo)u
Zx/Q I h-  Vh_Z  n H%k [`}{xh

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

240

Z `} LA [`} n H -p=gXh5}  bL\QQ 
\[wVL-  V_L n H1QQMSL-  VLV3#(

h  b 
} J,L`} _ n H [`}JXL`} .vLR 

Zx/ZQ `} J\ Y`}JiNÆ.`} L  R
& U } 2 Æ.`} L n Lu
`} J0} Y`}& UL h4u&  4u2 . L
n Lu
B?`} hk} 2 }F&_F$LY<HT}
Zx/Q `} JhS&ÆV_^LPoR}Jh. 2s`
}2 hÆ.-? )myHT}
ssk

uF3F<F

Zx/xQ t}=`}UiLC`}(?3vL[Z3v 
t?(t}W^= }T;LUiLW^
Zx/ Q t}} ikL,`} 'jt}=1JS
C i?% 
`} 2 Æl,L/ z5`}L%D>Th} 
qL  &; $ ?z5  &KUg)5 y  4 ) F=a<D*z`
} 2[`}o i `}LÆ.iPTo 
} `}PBC`}L(?3v'WEL,`}
t}3ti=a-h<D*z
t} Q b=^o X5
Zx/,Q `t}3`}zSJS>.ZL=) )u`} 
J?s}% 
Z`}1}LPB-h%DL( 
`}TL`} Yjn`} LVFVi/ {L
2 Vi/ q/-  n uLqi AFq/ {L( 
x`}L 4 To>8  )ygL(  
`} 1}LPBC  `}N Y 2 `}N&8L(

J &l3Se t { VCjC8(_
6

241 

,_ n H`}L`}f n H - [`}{xL
Zx/eQ }} ℄ L}F&dk
℄m!?-  }L  bÆ}F&} L/ i  4 S
qKYQ-)Lwh__F z 5 h7zÆT} }/-;
$ hvLSqKYQ-)whJ &_FzLx=.}F&Lwh
_F=}  "i : FÆ. 4 "VUiLwh2.2 
b}/-; $ LwhÆT\ 4 wVLwh27TUiUiwh_FZ=
$H#;tHL-?
0`} 4 U4 CL J?s\ 4 bL}F&}F&_
FL27`T}. O Ui'=N%
Zx/ Q "i:Lwh2.=ZizK C8 On 
i  QLwh&ÆRD5HP -"V "i : hÆwhz
K LWDLwh2.-h n 2 6wh2.\ ;  
"i : =?swh2.Lwh0 4 y i V3o5 
Æ}W>C,  Q? n  ) F3Hp[32  C FL
}wh  [Hp}wh  L FJ^'je l }+o
Zx/7Q }F&=1}UiL}} i -`} 
? i b }. O %Ug(}UL='|}U
Zx/YQ }F&hi)?PB`} `}T W s0
ULTo)mPLd;2 0`} =$i)??d;2 0Æ
d;2 0JPz`}L(
2 kx`}L6QTo
Z /Q }F&Kg ,`}tOn }PBL 
hIl,`}
℄m!?-  }  bL,`}[IlL} =℄℄
}
Z /ZQ }h$ n  ) KL S`}o2 y
C U#LÆ.}-
$ n  ) L=`}CzL  bQK-  
`}o 
-  0\2 -  -5`} FgEK-VAQWI +X}W 
}T C iL gPB i o}? i bh=-?? ) L 
& [bgJv\=
$KL S`}oL=``}W ( }6Q
PBL`} Tz`}o  SL`} :`}o  S&ÆV_^L|

242

v

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Z /Q }F&y_} y =k} Czi)}P?
0}F& `}L i bq 1}T C iL}l~P Q 3 2i&L n LT} w , }  e}F&CzLi
)}P i l~LT} w , UiT} 
;L8`2 L hmL  bgE} =1T} w ,
Li&UiT} =UiT}LT} w , 5T}2 ~z>CzWt 
n [L} h℄&UiÆ.T} w , T}  
} Th_L}F&5"UiT} 
Z /xQ JS>.ZL}F&hPB`} )zi)0
C  \ 4 Q% 
Z}UL`}PoS&}U n -M}L( 
}UL`}Po0OS&Æ.`}PoWS&ÆV
_^L
K}F&&gii`} LPoS&ÆV_^LWl~
T} w , 2 T} 
Z / Q } =``}u
(?3X 30 k'UiT} `} 
u 
=`}T\0
Z /,Q ℄m!?-  }L  b} =ÆUiT} .k 
15 kTk  b,`WLUMhW- -"V "i : C-  
}`}>Li)Pi)P=KJSTo% 
Z-  }`}L9^>K-  }( 
-  }-?  
5t} Q b i UiT} L-?F-Q 
\ 4 LQK}  2 `}Li`}P2  
;}}F&L}P}UL=f}UT}
L`}q  b}/-L=f  b-  }/-q n [
'ZgTf1^HL C iH-NX5LQ^℄_C 

Z /eQ "i:ÆWEi)P.k 5 kTY*}
`}`}+oT L} hkT} zT}Y*i ÆT}
. O Y*,T}L`} 
Z / Q } i T} =ÆT}Y*iz.k 30 kT1 
}iT} L`}k:i) n [(} i T} J^k:U+ n

J &l3Se t { VCjC8(_
6

243

[6QToLÆ.{xk:i) n [ y 7 kTT} =Æ n [UMh 
b,`WL "i : X5
T} 0} k: n [L`}N&8-n HpÆT}   
} i_L&+P Q `}N&8zL=P Q =-hqI(C
`}N&8L=} L&+h5qIke 
} ) =-0T} %k n [ T} i_&+L} 
=  -qI
Z /7Q }PBT} CtN5NLT} =C} 
=[3kT} C  b(b5N
sk  h
Z /YQ $}`} LUMhW- -"V 
"i : =1}`}L C i-h
Z,/Q }`}+oT}`}C iT})u>LUM
hW- -"V "i : *T})uk`℄0} ℄
U 4 ke ke
Z,/ZQ =}}L=  t}  t}LUMhW
- -"V "i : =k`k  k LJA-  #&
Z,/Q } gXÆH--  }EdQÆ}LUM
hW- -"V "i : =k`k  1 }>hJL
Z,/xQ }F&L_O n y CC iLUMhW-
-"V "i:=k`} ℄0}F&} k L 
JA-  #&
Z,/ Q } k "i: C- }`}>i)P
LUMhW- -"V "i : =k`k (`C-  }`
}>i)P' "i : -A-  #& 

sk  h
Z,/,Q  b-  wV=K%3=K$}-?L'^H7

Z,/eQ }2 `};I[h3DLm!Z[
IT(q[^L0N#|xLhT^  AL80

244

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

z AL8ZHLh AL8 
Z,/ Q F L h/OL h#%-Q[Z2 o&4L|86 
h  /1P;b-  Qd>Ld?-  }L  b1 L h 
4C ih?-  }
Z,/7Q ;Lb02 v L "V1Cn8L  b?-  
}1-8C  -}`}LgHQ i b&[ C iLhLÆ
C i:UT - iL L&  4uL|v
Z,/YQ ^H L 3L "i : dk0N
Ze/Q ^HÆ.k-1992 ℄ 12 Q 30 k AL 
b -  }`} : -H `Z 23 d[39?

+&ZX&nG G1~;
A7%}eVl'RE 8 fQ
A3v%2002-06-06 
AH ,<4gO 2002 *s 2 : 
%Gz UBiB7'^| 2002  4 9 4 [ T 9Qu
fH.%O 2002  7 9 15 [, N 
F: m 
OO ℄eQek
*%YW%mFF0}:
sIk h
ZZQ C(l b- }`}+oC{ l b- QKeT
- iL lT - iL }`}iL h 4C iLi^H 

ZQ `T - iL NT?  l  b-  }`}+oL^H 

^H,[ l  bK  l l/F l$GF0.\ 4 L/O-
2-r 
-Y-W;-}Æ-Q3-: --Q  l
fo-L k 0/}  b
ZxQ JS  l  b-  gEm!?}:F L h/OL h#%
-Q[Z2 4L|86h  /1QLd?}LgE|v% 
Z`` 3000 }> -ihL  l  b-  gE( 
-  7g n [ ) o` 200 }> -ihL  l  b-  gE( 
xy" CC i=}LÆ.  l  b-  gE
Z Q  l  b-  }`}+o=$1 n  t  i f6

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

246 

LAn
Z,Q ℄m!?}L  l  b-  gEÆ}`}+obWD2 
LXLe l O n l PBsQLV th'j`}
e l 0 i Jhe l -?7q;  l  b-  }`}+o
ZeQ Y℄dkO L l  b-  }`}+oLrv : -
&M -"VYi:℄dk^"D5T l b- }`}+o
Lrv : -
sk mF
Z Q  l  b-  }LgE=gXJSQ% 
Zx\f[v(  
8fK6( 
xgE fK_: O n gE   }PB
Z7Q lb-  }L} =I℄^H C iCz  l  b }gE?  l  b-  }LgE hJ{[} 
ZYQ gXJSQL} hÆH-}Ed% 
Zg0}gE\LL  b : -io : -"3 : -W>( 
0rL  l  b-  } i }ULW>( 
x`} ?  5 i 0}LW> 
} gX^Q' C iQL=qg\  L}/-; $ H
-  l  b-  }Ed
e l 0 i J, } =i}/-; $ 
Z/Q  l  b-  }=  t} i L}
$  t}L} =Y QL h=iLPu; 2 Æ.H 
}  LgX\  LiL `}
$L}L} =h`}LiL-?Lx hgX\ 
 LiL `}
Z/ZQ  l  b-  }=6  t}y" Ci ^H^ 
C iLÆ C i
O n JSQ.ZLd  t}LÆ.  l gE1gE : -LXK 
Y2 &M -"VYi : vh?L}% 
Z- C 8r(

J &&H { VCjC8(_
7

247 

dSqPB( 
x 
;
Z/Q  l  b-  }h gEZ}Th  e
[wV[6-%=}=%?}:JÆ}  bÆ [2
hÆ.e l -? C o}
Z/xQ lb-  }=1  b- C 8n - =} in -Ui 


=}=4&hK n -0- in -`s
-  
=1v_Lx\L   
. n gE6b>Ui
Z/ Q  l  b-  }=1JSb&?% 
Z} Ui}-?$L}L=1^H C iP 4 i
: v 
} rL`}  ; i }}=1gE : -L
XPYi : v 
x}  ``}  ;($L}L} 5" 
z`}L`}  
(``} ?  5 Æ  ;. O 1gE : -LXPY
i : v 
,k  ; n L(``} `} 
e0`} |8  bSBt}'&  
"b`} L`} tt} 
7 }F&}l~T} w ,  
Y} UiT}  Æ}P i }. O PYi :  g X 
/} zT}Y*i 
/Z} 0T} k:  l  b- n [
Z/,Q `}  ;=\0JSTo% 
Z}gELQC 8 i SqPB( 
 } i 5H( 
xC  5iL3vW^
`};J[WD[VL(``} FÆ/(``} 
i[L5}
Z/eQ } =  e}gEL^ i PrL}

248

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v 

Mh  l i + /F$G gELiH  b-  }=; 
YAL  l  b L T}(^
^Q'CihvLÆ.  l  b i lfo-  bL-  }h
'YAL  l  b L T}(^L  ? i To?rL h
L={Æ 
}=\0hJiPTo% 
Z`}Li( 
`}!*( 
x l  b- n [iPQ(  
}gELLSq C (( 
,-  f\( 
e`}  ?K`}i  ?F`}ifo  ?`}if  ?
bK;7  ?`}5N  ?n [  ?Q(
`}!*=\0hJTo% 
Z}} i -( 

PB( 
xC`}L?3vW^ i -?(  
t}L3v i W^
Z/ Q }  `}Li=\0JSTo% 
Z} L2[ i W;( 
}gEL2[Sq}C 8`> 
6-W^ i 3v( 
x0H`}  ;}LH3v i W^(  
`} LQPB( 
,} g =  2 *LÆ.Eg 
}J W XLgXQL(``} & `}  ;LTo
Z/7Q } = n -Ui  ; i `}LrL3v
rL;L3vÆt=``}  ;.kF(``
} C  ;(?3v?J & 14 k
rL`}L3vÆ}t=z.kF`} C`}(?
3v?{  lZM  lSq_XL+/FF$GJ & 28 kÆ
.  l  bJ & 20 k
Z/YQ LGiqZL h℄^  l gEL  b-  L} =Æ
}P&MYi : vPY g X(Æ.  l gEL  b-  L

J &&H { VCjC8(_
7

249 

} =Æ}P&MYi :  C iLv
; L b8m02 v L "V1Cn8L  l gEÆ  b-  
}K&MYi : x y PYv
Z/Q } qfz`L}?r0v52 _
3=``}(?k
15 k'hi)?Y*,`}  =1gE :
-LXPYi :  g X
Z/ZQ } fzL}?r0v52 _ L
To }L_=
Z/Q } i}ULÆrL}U2 qgX\  L7 
rL}U
}UrL=O nL h 4C i}UL 7g  b;=
L`vLl
hT 
} =$H"-UN}U`t}'N%
Z/xQ  l  b-  }`}6  5L} 
l  b-  $  t}L}   y } =  e(``}
CL  ;(``} L  ?5} Ak  ; n 
L(``} `} 
l  b-  $L}L`}Liz y } =  e`} C 
L`}`} L  ?5
Z/ Q (``} =1`}  ;LPBk} C 
; 
 ;=\0hJiPTo% 
Z
V7( 
l  b-  Q&i( 
x"3W>L&0(  
> $ _>F`} `' - L 4 V>( 
,YlzLgEdk 0iPSq FL{2VA&0( 
eY&y_}gELiP-  ; X(  
D,℄L)  b-  VA>( 
7Dx℄"3 r F"3\>( 
YE' `h5-  LgE> i `'j`}LgE> 
/} PBLÆ.\ 4 

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

250

Z/,Q I hL-  7h_ n H'j  l  b-  `}
n H _F7t=gX0Yh5  b\LLQQ
h n H?'j  l  b-  `}=`  ;Ts0 C 
n H _F7 [%kL n H{x 
n H{x=0UiH F_F7 ÆLL4 i s3hF=h5Lk
e
Z/eQ o&hJ>.Z   ;)u% 
Z1 
&L  ;( 
Ki/ 2Æ_LL/- %2jn`} {L  ; 
( 
xO n ^H C iPBL  ;(  
TomL  ;( 
,`' - }gEL-  7CL  ;
Z/ Q } 5(``} L  ==  1`}  ;
L C i?J$t%M d QÆ%-??  5
Z/7Q LGiqZL h℄^  l gEL  b-  }L} 
=Æ  ;. O P&MYi : vPY g X(Æ.  l gEL 
b-  L} =Æ  ;. O P&MYi :  C iLv
; L b8m02 v L "V1Cn8L  l gEÆ  b-  
}  ;. O K&MYi : x y PYv
sNk 

F

Z/YQ `} 1^H C iY Q   ;HJ`} y K'j 
l  b-  `}
Zx/Q `} =1}LPB13'j} iktL}'
& v8SB
Zx/ZQ `} =1}LPBrL`} }C
zL6QPB i Q)z 
Zx/Q `} YÆ`}gE=7iH7 4   b?=KL
=k} C=K\  ``}T\0=K7LQ=0Æh5L 
b C 8}\L

J &&H { VCjC8(_
7

251

Zx/xQ `}=`} Li/ 2Æ_LL/- %
jn`} {
`}=`} %D 1} C iL3vW^ i -?&} 

Zx/ Q `}1PB& y `} C iL`}(?3v'`
} qV"2 k`}=h ? Y Cz )z0 
k`}L Y I`}L_=Æ?PB%D-?&3
vL`}L C i
Zx/,Q } `} 13& On %DPBL`}=%W
sN 
} J"b`}C iL(?3vy &LF1PB%DL`} 

Zx/eQ `} 'j`}J )mJ0Æ.`} \ Y`
}J$H$mhFÆ. =Y<HT}J3-Æ.`} `}
ssk uF3F<F
Zx/ Q t}3v=0}TUiLC`}(?3vZH
t}W^=I}T;LUiLW^J#qx  
Zx/7Q t}=  t?
t}} ikLYi :  i ,`} Li/ 2Æ_LL
/- 'j
Zx/YQ t}3`} 2 Æl,L/ z5`}L%D>
Th} qL  &; $ z5 -h  &
`}L%D>KUg)5 y ==a<D *z`} 2[`}
o i `}LÆ.iPTo
$ n =?}L} =[3  }U
Z /Q } t} Q b=^o X5
Z /ZQ } =Æt}.k 2 kTÆt}>PYi : X
5
Z /Q }} ℄ L}F&dk 
}F&} L/ i }whÆTtHLwh_ z , h 
7zÆTwh zJ &_FzLx=.

252

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Z /xQ LGiqZiL h℄^  l gE}F&whY 
:L}whÆTtH2  eY_L&M -"VYi : :
L}whÆTtHÆ.  l gEL}F&wh&M -"VYi
: :L}whÆTtH
0`} 4 U4 CL FJ?s\ 4 gEL}F&
Z / Q }F&_F27`T}. O Ui'=N%
Z /,Q }F&_F= 8  Wt3k$℄3VGH
,CzLqh5 ke 
}F&_FJ
J"`} JWb`} L"12 Æ. a  
J j`}LT} w , Ll~>hF0} 4 LÆ.>
e l 7 i J7q; } Q b i . O 
Z /eQ }F&hPB`} `}T W s0ULTo)
zmPLd;2 0:Id;2 0JPz2 kx`}L6QT
o
Z / Q  l  b-  }L}H= n = i S}o 
n=L&{  lZM  lSq_XL+/FF$G  b
Æ/  b$ S}o
$n=}L=`}T\0_ n }U\  ? i go
ToH=L℄($ S}o}L=`}T0U`} JhS
&_^oLo  `}
Z /7Q }F&=1}UiL}} i -`} 
? i b 
}T C iL} i -J) }L℄e
$ n =}L=}o-  W>-  0 : -QKN&
"-VA091[L℄=?)=1J={S?i&l~J={L
`} T} w , 
$ S}o}L=Y Q Sq i 3L`} 1}oS
E{?i&l~}o SL`} T} w , :Jl~}oS&_
^oL`} T} w , 
Z /YQ }F&y_}  ) y =k} Czi)}P 
}P=\0hJTo% 
Z}F&L_F27( 
t}^o>(

J &&H { VCjC8(_
7

253 

x}$L} i -(  
`} Lo( 
,O n PBL`} >( 
el~LT} w , (  
P0LÆ.Eg 
}F&l~LT} w , =Xi` 1 F 3  }0iS&
Z,/Q } =e}F&CzLi)}Pi l~L nT}
w , UiT} } Th_L}F&UiT} 
;L82 L hmLgE} =Uii2ZZLT} w ,
T} 
Z,/ZQ o&JS>.ZL=) 9}-% 
Z`}Ki/ 2 Æ_L/- %2 jn`} 
{( 
`}>L*8  )yg(  
`} [Z}CIAhTo[L`}i)!0Æ
THZAu( 
,`} `}PB,lPo3[Z }I 2I
hLPo( 
e`} hfL- 
P Q } C iL
X2  n [L℄PQ 
Nb( 
e`} h =Y?`}2q;}  )L  
`} 1}PBC`}5N( 
7`}O n }6QPBLÆ/>
Z,/Q JS>.ZL} =℄^H℄}% 
ZZ } & 3 `} L( 
K}F&,`}pO n }PB( 
x&} }/- 2`} L CHT})u  
}F&l~LT} w , p0} %k  l  b- n [L
℄}L} =Æ℄}-5PYi : X5}
kL=Æk y L}Z X5
Z,/xQ } =ÆUiT} .k 15 kT1gE : -LXÆ}
P i }. O PYi :  g X

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

254 

Yi:ÆWE}P i }. O .k 7 kTCz|xL} 
=kT} zT}Y*i [3ÆT}. O Y*,T}L`}  
} =ÆzT}Y*i.k 5 kTk`} n`}5N
Z,/ Q } i T} =ÆT}Y*iz.k 30 kTk:i) 
l  b- n [ 
l  b- n [=1}T} L`}T}Y*ik: 
} i T} J^k:U+ n [6QToLÆ.{x
sk h
Z,/,Q $^HFT - iL }`}L ℄h5
\Lyke
Z,/eQ ;Lb02 v L "V1Cn8L  l  bgE? 
}1-2 8C  --  }`}LgHQ i b&[ C iL
hLÆ C i:JUT - iL L&  4u
Z,/ Q ^HY0N
Z,/7Q ^HÆ 2002 ℄ 7 Q 15 k-Y 1989 ℄ 8 Q 26 k 
L  l  b-  }`} : -H[39?

p&ZeQ+'nG G1~3x
}eVl'RE-"Q 2001 9 14 P>
sIk h
ZZQ j,4  b gE}`}  )L : -C (}`}+o 
eT - iL }`}iL h 4C i. n 4  b L^L
i^ C i
ZQ ^ C iL&4  b gELv8\-  r-hF04 
b  4 L℄PXQ$ & QL}`}+o
ZxQ OnJSgH(
&EC 8}.ZL4  b gEm!? 
} 
ZgH(

1 4 C&  4u /OL2 u i&> o>b
7hR-jNkHNQ4  b gE(
2 ; L 8`2 L hmL4  b gE(
3 ; L b02 v L "V1Cn8L4  b gE 
C 8}
1 -  7g n [ ) o` 200 }> -ihL(
2 ℄PXQQ51L$ & 7g n [ ) o` 100 }> -ihL(
3 v8\r-QQ3L$ & 7g n [ ) o` 50 }> -ihL(
4 gE`` 3000 }> -ih:=}7g n [ ) oS&^gZ
1 2 3 E C iL}LgEAntm!}
Z Q }`}+o=$1  t  i f6LAn g
EL})} dkel 7 i Jhe l -?7q}`}+
o
sk 7t[|W0}
Z,Q 4IO L 4  b gE}`}+oL"rv0 : - 
ÆiP3kI% 
Zdk0=CrvO L 4V ? W7 L h 4 }`}Ly 
C C { i ",(

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

256 

℄e L h 4 }`}y Ci ",Li4  b gE}
`}L : - C i i H( 
xb- 4 4  b gE}`}+oL`℄5}`}+
oTL C  (  
4  b gE}/-+o?rv( 
,4  b gE}wh  ?rv0 : -( 
edk L h℄^4gE i 4,od5 : -; $hJ{[d5 : ; $iPdk xegE / LTHgEL}`}+oL"rv
ZeQ d5:-; $ b4q|Z,QZeg C ihvLTHgE
L}`}+o?"rv
Z Q &ÆRD5HP -"V"i : I^"D5TW-
4  b gE}`}+oL"rv0 : -ÆiP3kI% 
Z? W7 4 }`}Ly C C { i ",( 
℄ 4 y CiC {LiW-4  b gE}`}L :
-H( 
xb- : -LX(
TL4  b gE}`}+oL`℄5 
}`}+oTL C  (  
^"D5TW-4  b gE}/-+o?rv( 
, : -&M4  b gE}whÆ( 
edk^"D5T|Z,QZeg C ihvLW-gEL}`}+o
L"rv
Z7Q "i:℄4 b gEL}`}+o?"r
vToK% 
Z"b} }'CX5L}P( 
lFrvt}}i}Q+oSL}`}+oL C  
=:Kk`k mP3'zKbWt}2}hF*t}}
. O )uLliLT}. O -hIl( 
x"b} CX5L}`}>i).P
sNk mF
ZYQ }=  t} i L}
Z/Q ℄m!}LgETL h℄^4gEW-℄^4gEFO

J &.# {3t9yVCjC8?D
8

257 

; L 8`2 L 8`x
- 2 iCWLgE=  t}
:JS>.ZL1Z/ZQL C iKv y $L}% 
Zo&ZxQZgZ 4 E C iLgE( 
gESq_XdPB2Fw4LNbÆYH2NXL 
Sq2Sq C ELPhUiLgE( 
xI}4gE(  
Æ/dgE
Z/ZQ O n Z/Q C i, $L}L}'} m!tJSv 
Y)% 
Z L h℄^4gEK4x y P L hw\ F&v(Æ.
THgEP42ÆqLd5 : -; $ v( 
W-℄^4gEK&ÆRD5HP -"V"i : &[
[Mw\ "i :  gy P^M -"Vv(Æ/W-gEP&Æ
RD5HP -"V"i : v
Z/Q JSgE?}:!KgEi : v% 
ZF L h/OL h#%LgE( 
I24z [ -Q[ZQgE( 
xgETKv;b-`  `%-  L=Ki=Tv8
\r- i ℄PXQ$ &(  
gX}QL  u4  b gELgE xi i ?U
P( 
,$iw4Sq2SqL( 
eÆ/dgE
Z/xQ =} gXhJQ31 4C i i: -LXK g ÆH
-}Ed% 
ZggE  2  (g0}gE C 8 i _Xb}
\LL  bSql; "3 i b : -Q-)wVSq>K( 
xgrL} i 0}LW>(  
gE[)  b gE}LKG( 
,wL}; $ 2  3 2hw3}V3 F( 
ek> i ~$}`}y C C {
Z/ Q =} gXZ/xQLQ3=qO n \QL}
/-; $ H-}Ed

258

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

Z/,Q } ÆH-}Ed3=PhJi)Q% 
ZgE
V7 &i2 gE  ( 
0}gE\LLwVSq>K>( 
xTL}; $ 2 w3}V3 FL9^>(  
Y;L}whÆ>( 
,hrLL[)  b gE} i }PhF}VAL&
0Q( 
eÆ/Q
Z/eQ 4  b gE}=gXhJQ% 
Zv8\}=gXLQ
1 v8\gEfKUi(
2 v8\,8f6(
3 mLv8\9QfWDy_ 
r-}=gXLQ
1 x\fKv(
2 r-,8f6(
3 gEfSs℄}\  
x-  }=gXLQ
1 x\fKv(
2  8Hf6℄}`\ fK/i(
3 r-7fUi(
4 gW}PBL\f0\7%kL-  ?}PBL
fCb n [2{x(
5  4 gEXWX3W i b->#L6-/J  )fK62
f0U/i  
℄PXQ}=gXLQ
1 x\fKv(
2 ℄PXQSqKY=}f9^Ui(
3 XQ,8f6
Z/ Q }  )Z1JSb&?% 
Z}'1gE : -LXk"i : C}PX5Pg
HTo=K%}fgXLQ}-?=}-5}\ /i`}

J &.# {3t9yVCjC8?D
8

259 

QQ}-}F& -5hFt}}L  )gH/i
Q( 
rL}( 
x};}  2`}Li(  
`  ;( 
,1 C ik
"b(``} rLL  ;( 
e0(``}   ;? g (  
k  ; n L(``} `}( 
70 & }L(``} SB1v( 
Y"b`} } 4 !EPBd;L Y !E?d;
i)Y*,(``} ( 
/0_:}F& `T}. O Ui'N%( 
/Z` C i3v i W^"bO n }PBL`}( 
/0t}}&( 
/x`}F&l~LT} w , TUiT} ( 
/ k"i : C}`}>Li).P( 
/,T}Y*i ÆT}. O Y*,`} ( 
/e? n [8m 0T} k:i) n [
Z/7Q $t}-?LgE} =` L hw\ F&=i
L4}  ÆT+ 4  b gEhF L h℄^gETHgE
W-℄^gE[3=`T L 4P}    ?4F
`;2}L3vv  Z & 10 k} =} 
L6dk}  JXL(``} LzK
$L}-?L} =k 3 h`}  L 2Æ/0
z`}Li
`} & 3 L} =℄^ C i℄}
Z/YQ } =  e L h 4C i. n gE^ i PrL} 

Z/Q } =`} ?  5 Cz  5PK'
F% y X5
Z/ZQ `Z gET} =h\[Q,(``} L 
?5Jhe l -XL2 ip=(``} 
Z/Q } fzL}?mPd;2 kL=`

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

260

}PBC`}(?k
F 15 k'hi)?Y*,`} i
d;2 kLTo }L_=
Z/xQ ℄m!?}LgEÆ}t=z.kF`}
C`}(?.k? = & 20 k
Z/ Q }=1ÆL)_^Ui`oZ1 1000 >F 3000
> -i}
L
Z/,Q }T=0U`}N&88Z1hJ}
L% 
Zn [ ) o 10000 }> -ih`}N&88P Qn [ ) o
L!=.,( 
n[) o 3000 }>F 10000 }> -i.v`}N&88P Q
n [ ) oL!=.e( 
xn[) o 3000 }> -ihJ`}N&88P Qn [ ) oL
!=. : SJ & 1 }> -i
ssk F
Z/eQ `} m!gX4  b gE,LQ 
Z/ Q `} =1}LPBr~`} `} C
iL`}(?3v.'%D&} ``}(?3v.'`} hV"f
\L`}2?  i r:=O n }LPB
Z/7Q `} m!1} C i`}TfjCz” J/-5”4 
=`ÆD)s0” J/-5” J} ,:) }LiP℄e
Z/YQ I 2I h7 n `}L=1QQMSL7U
i n HQ QM} J,L`} _ n H [`}
Zx/Q `} `\`}L[3=\`}N&8} 0T
} %k n [ y 5  )kT=n`}N&8
Zx/ZQ `} =\LQ ;F`}T 4 
QL6dk
sk 3FF W 

Zx/Q }}i-=`}T\0`}3J^Li
2kre l }} i -

J &.# {3t9yVCjC8?D
8

261

Zx/xQ } `Z gET,`} }} i -m!\[
Zx/ Q }}= Sq} i 3}ZK W hJTo% 
Zv8\}}
1 `} LVA i (
2 v8  b)\  b)LK2(
3  >HsX(
4 Sq-5 i SqÆ(
5 QK}FQK : -"-(
6 Sq(k0N(
7 `}o i }o  (
8 "3~(
9 06--5F?}/i 
r-}}
1 `} LVA i (
2 gEr-  b)K2FiPr- F>(
3 r- C +w(
4 `}o i }o  (
5 "3~ 
x-  }}
1 -  -52-  0\0 
(
2 `}o i }o  (
3 -  gEK-FSqdk LK2(
4 0; $ FiP : - F(
5 iP-  X(
6 QK}QK i /O : -"-(
7 `} LVA)  bK2 i (
8 "3~  
XQ}}
1 `}o i }o  (
2 QK}FQK : -"-(
3 0  \ (
4 ` y Q3(
5 `} LVA i (

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

262 

"3~
Zx/,Q }-$ n = n S}on - S`}
o n xFI%}
Zx/eQ -  }}UL}}U$% 
Z} 0rLL}U A ( 
hO2=`} PoL p9) }U B ( 
xh}U A i }U B LjL p9) }U(  
h}U A 9) Uiu}L}h?su}T`} LPo p
9) }U
-  }}UL1S&_^oLu}?
6

sk uF3F<F
Zx/ Q t}} ikL,`} 'j
Zx/7Q t}=1}TUiL3v i W^?t} FF 
ik r} t} M} ^o _s Ft}dk
Zx/YQ t}Z1hJb&?% 
Zik `}UiL3vW?"W`}t=t}( 
*t} F27( 
xUg`} i/ 2_L/ II`B(  
*`}t&( 
,℄t}&Lz5`}%DIIy a ^D`}( 
e*`}P )^o[3`} / %Ug(  
s  )?foX5
Z /Q })}F&dk}F&} L/ i  4 S
qKYn[ : -Q-)Lwh__F z h7zÆTwh W 
} / zJ &_FzLx=.
Z /ZQ u4 b gETTHgEL}wh=4
2d5:-;$ L}whÆTtH(W-gEL}wh=&ÆRD
5HP -"V"i :  L}whÆTtHT42d5 :
-; $  L}whÆTtH
Z /Q }whL,l=$H#;L-?tH e  bdwVS
qPK"i : v} h=i=}wh:JP Q wh

J &.# {3t9yVCjC8?D
8

263

zLx=.Z
Z /xQ }F&_FJ0`} 4 U4 C,=4 U4 CK%
I`} 2Æ/- LD7o(` 5 ℄T0`} t  ) 4 C(2Æ.& 4
C2KY4u 4 C 
}F&_F27`}. O Ui'=N%
Z / Q }  )Z1hJb&?% 
Z} *}F&_F27 UiieF( 
} * 4 }fy( 
x`ieFikJ eP;Y Q _: 4 wV i )(  
UH} 4 }( 
,0} F-}} i -( 
eK}F&; K=.ZhF[qCz`} d;L
!Ehi)?&`} (  
Pd;L!E`} =hi)?&}F&( 
7}F&1}UiL}}i -`}?U
iT} w , l~&( 
Y`}F&x=.hF[q %L>JY Q }F& 
)P P} }F&  )PfK 4 }Ld; Y 
4 }QFl~qQ
Z /,Q } JS>.ZL`}h n21)u}
-% 
Z`}%DO n }PBL( 
+ 
&L( 
x`} i/ 2_L/ 'jt}&xL(  
1} C ijn7  { i i/ 2Æ_L L%2 
L( 
,} C iJ}0`} 2[:`}}0`} 2[2
e l W j`} 2[L}^L( 
e1}PBr~2>8  CH)Ug 4 Sq-54   

4   bQKN&"-`}o  L(  
1 C iL`}N&8L( 
7Pz} C i$ L h 4C iL( 
Y`} C  mQL

[6b& {3t9y VC="%v

264

Z /eQ }F&K Q g ,`}tO n }PB
3hIl,`}} =℄0}f'j^`}L7℄ 
'j`}=^WH};
Z / Q }F&=?#%Jj Q bT} w ,
Ll~>hF0} 4 LÆ.>
Z /7Q `}QbT}F&hPB`} `}T W s
0ULTo$Hi)-?)zmPLd;20:JPz`}L(
2k
x`}L6QTo
Z /YQ }F&K Q  n L`} Ti&l~T} w , 
Z,/Q T} L`}=O n JSQ.Z% 
ZW ( +X}W}T C iL g n o}(W (  
}L6QPB 4KL`}o n - S(:`}o  S&_^
L|v
Z,/ZQ } _L}F&5"UiT} T  e}F&
CzLi)}P i l~LT} w , &UiT} =} UiLT}
0}F&l~LT} w , &ZH3=rL- 1gE : LXP"i : X5
Z,/Q ÆT}Y*iz.k 30 kT} i T} =1
} i T} L`}k:i) n [T} CtNN Y } i T} 
J^k:U+}6QToLÆ.{x
Z,/xQ } `UiT} y =` 15 k.T1gE : -LXk 
"i : C}`}>Li)P
Z,/ Q =UiLT} n%k n [3} 0UiL w T}
%k n [ 1gE : -LXk"i : X5
Z,/,Q &} ÆA~H;}  )+< KWq
%k n
[} =1`}N&8VL8qI`} [3n`}N&8
s6k h
Z,/eQ `}`}+oTzSL C  1T - iL 
}`}iL 3LL 4C i?
Z,/ Q &ÆRD5HPh  e^ C i. n ^WD6bLk\ 
L6-H

J &.# {3t9yVCjC8?D
8

265

Z,/7Q ^ C i4dk0N
Z,/YQ ^CiÆ 2002 ℄ 1 Q 1 k-4  b gE-  }
`}:-Ci( [1994]130 d 1995 ℄ 4 Q 21 kA" [1998]51 d 1998
℄ 2 Q 9 k ) [39? 

iF:UMOU [>~a~zDID [
iL3LE[M <~[
IDG7.R _j UMOU hF.~a~O`FM5Æ!>Æ |[[|m 
5ÆO .G;.`F1O *~a~zDGR5D 
^w.
;O~a~{.9 
~ '#Wj;Msw1Y6;.O5Æ[|jQ sM 
<~G~Q }wM"FsM.Ot [x68O>75[[|
UM~{.9 MZ{OGM1>7[y|Æ .~1R ^R O[x7 68
>7[ |J lvsGMaF>7VM[|z~ ~a~,p .MMv
O>7
&aFM..Boj[x7 .68O5ÆjztoO[x`AFg
p>jQJUMOU .~a~MzD i.v{ 6S
Smarandache

Abstract. There is a bidding law and regulation system in China. For getting or issue
a contract, a contractor or an employer should understand all these laws and regulations
first and then know how they work. This book contains the main materials of this kind for
a construction contract, and contains four chapters. Chapter 1 is a survey of bidding for a
construction contact. The laws and regulations for bidding in China are interpreted in this
chapter. A Smarandache multi-space model for bidding is constructed which is applied in
Chapter 2. Chapters 2 and 3 are the main body of this book. In Chapter 2 we show how
to compile a qualification document, a bidding document or a report of bid evaluation
committee. Chapter 3 is an introduction to a complete programming of bidding in China.
The last chapter is about the increasingly complaints for bids. The cause and handling
method are explained and cases are analyzed. Some exercises are presented in the final
part of this book. For convenience, the Chinese bidding law and 7 useful regulations for
construction contacts are included in the appendix.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.