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Notes in General Psychology 1

Notes in General Psychology 1

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Published by: Nino Ford Suaybaguio on Jan 17, 2012
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Notes in General Psychology The Science of Psychology A.

HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF PSYCHOLOGY • THE GREEK INFLUENCE

DEMOCRITUS : his contribution to psychology is his theory on perception, which holds that atoms emanating from objects penetrate through the receptors through the brain, there to create ideas. PLATO : is important in the history of psychology because of his distinction between mind and body in his famous dualism. He held that mind and body are two separate entities. • Parts of the soul: – THE HEAD – THE HEART – THE DIAPHRAGM ARISTOTLE : the father of modern science • FUNCTIONS OF THE SOUL: – VEGETATIVE – APPETITIVE – RATIONAL

GALEN : contributed his theory of the dependence of human temperament on physiological factors. Differences in behavior is attributable to the “ humors “ or vital juices of the body: • • • •

BLOOD PHLEGM BLACK BILE YELLOW BILE

THE MEDIEVAL PERIOD

ST. AGUSTINE : combined platonic psychology with Christian thinking. He introduced and used the method of introspection. ST. THOMAS AQUINAS : combined Aristotelian notions to the theologically imperative idea of immortality.

dls-csb /05. GEORGE BERKELEY : “ ideas ( which in their own sum constitute mind ) become the only reality. DAVID HUME : wrestled with the problem between impression and ideas. FIELDS OF SPECIALIZATION • THEORETICAL – – – – – – • General Psychology Comparative Psychology Genetic or Developmental Psychology DYNAMIC PSYCHOLOGY ( Psychology of Personality ) Physiological Psychology Abnormal Psychology APPLIED – – – – Educational Psychology Industrial or Personnel Psychology Social Psychology Therapy and Counseling .Clinical Psychology .• THE PRE – MODERN PERIOD – RENE DESCARTES : formulate a theory on mind and body interaction. JOHN LOCKE : introduced the idea as the units into which all experiences may be analyzed.Psychometrics .07 .Legal Psychology :janealagar.29.Human Engineering . – – – B. between images and direct sensations.

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