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Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA)




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Abstract
This research aimed to study 220 male juvenile delinquents who received training at the
Juvenile Vocational Training Center for Boys in the Bangkok Metropolitan Area and in Greater
Bangkok. Acquired data was from family background, Social Bonds, Differential Association
Theory, Pornography, Techniques of Neutralization Theory, accepting pornography and juvenile
attitudes towards pornography. This included experiences of committing sexual abuses and were
analyzed by Frequency Distribution, Percentage, Mean, Standard Deviation and Multiple
Classification Analysis (MCA) and the findings are presented as follows:
Regarding personal background, the youngest age of the juveniles convicted of sexual
abuse was 15 years with the first time sexual abuse occuring in an unplanned gang-rape.
In accepting pornography and the attitude of the juvenile majorities beliefs that pornography
had an influence on sexual abuses because all 220 juveniles accessed pornographic materials with
their peers. The average youngest age was 10 years old for being drunk and taking drugs.
Juveniles attitudes towards pornography were encouraged by the behavior exhibited on various
types of media and features.
Experiences of sexual abuses were based on the nature of the misdemeanor, including the
study of social bonds in which most of them had strong family ties. As for Differential Association
Theory, the findings indicated that peer pressure influenced their decisions by teaching them

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about sexual intercourse and gang rape. All 220 juvenile delinquents admitted watching pornography
and mimicking sexual behavior. Moreover, pornography aroused their sexual desire which led to
sexual abuses. To date, pornography is easily accessed because of advanced technology, but
without limitation in viewing. As for the Techniques of Neutralization Theory, victims also
caused abuse by dressing seductively and looking down on miscreants, as well as disrespect
towards the victims, having 0.05 level of significance.
Keyword : Techniques of Neutralization Theory, Differential Association Theory,
Social bond Theory, Pornography/Sexual Abuses







(Sexual Media or Pornographic)





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1.
2.
3.



1.
2.

3.
4.

17

(Social Bond Theory)


(Differential Association Theory)
(Techniques of Neutralization Theory)

(Survey Research)

1.



220

1.
54
2.
43
3.
37
4.
34
5.
52
2.
(Purposive sampling)

,
,

3.
(Questionnaire)


18

30
(Coefficient Alpha) (Cronbach) 0.65
4.

- (Descriptive statistics)
- (Percentages)
- (Mean)
- (Standard Deviation, S.D.)

(Reliability) (Alpha Coefficient)


(Cronbach)

One-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA)


.05

1
15
( 54.1)
( 49.1)
( 74.5) 5,001 7,000 / ( 39.5)
1 ( 65.5) ( 48.6)
( 90.5)
2

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1 (Analysis of Variance: ANOVA)

Source of Variation
Sum of
Squares
Covariates (Combined)

Main Effects (Combined)




Model
Residual
Total

6.210
.963
2.532
2.175
6.076
5.822
5.141
9.571
.107
12.286
38.582
50.868

Hierarchical Method
df
Mean
F
Square
3
1
1
1
8
2
2
2
2
11
208219

2.070
.963
2.532
2.715
.760
2.911
2.570
4.785
5.342
1.117
.183
.232

11.159
5.191
13.650
14.637
4.095
15.694
.139
.258
.288
6.021

Sig.
.000*
.024*
.000*
.000*
.000*
.010*
.000*
.008*
.025*
.000*

*p < 0.05
1

.05 (Main Effect, Sig. = 0.00)
.05

(F= 15.694)
(F = .288) (F = .258)
(F =.139)

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2
Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA)

Source of Variation
Sum of
Squares
Covariates (Combined)

Main Effects (Combined)




Model
Residual
Total

6.210
.963
2.532
2.175
6.076
5.822
5.141
9.571
.107
12.286
38.582
50.868

Hierarchical Method
df
Mean
F
Square
3
1
1
1
8
2
2
2
2
11
208219

2.070
.963
2.532
2.715
.760
2.911
2.570
4.785
5.342
1.117
.183
.232

11.159
5.191
13.650
14.637
4.095
15.694
.139
.258
.288
6.021

Sig.
.000*
.024*
.000*
.000*
.000*
.010*
.000*
.008*
.025*
.000*

Multiple R = .491
Multiple R Square = .342
2 Multiple Classification Analysis (MCA)





.05 (Sig.
= 0.000) (Model)
.05 (Sig. = 0.000)

.05 (Model Explained, Sig.=0.000)

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( Sig.) (Sig.=.010)
(Sig.=.000) (Sig.=.008)
(Sig.=.025)








(.13)


(.06)


(-.08)

26.0 (Beta=.260)

22

(.09)
(.05)


(-.16)

31.0 (Beta=.310)




(.16)
(-.03)

(-.07)

35.0 (Beta=.350)

/
/

//

/ /
(.18)

//
(.10)
/

23

/
(-.28)

21.7 (Beta=.217)


( Beta)
(Beta =.350) (Beta =.310) (Beta =
.260) (Beta=.217)
(Social Bond
Theory) (Differential Association Theory)
(Techniques of Neutralization Theory)

49.1 (Multiple R=.491)
34.2 (Multiple R Square=.342)


6
-
-
-
-
-
-

24



(Social Bond Theory)
(Differential Association Theory)
(Techniques of Neutralization Theory)
.05

(F=15.694)
(F=.288) (F=.258)
(F=.139)



.05
(Sig. = 0.000) (Model)
.05 (Sig.=0.000)

.05 (Model Explained, Sig.=0.000)





( Sig.) (Sig.=.010)
(Sig.=.000) (Sig.=.008)
(Sig.=.025)




(.13)


(.06)

25


(-.08)

26.0 (Beta = .260)




(.09)

(.05)

(-.16)

31.0 (Beta=.310)


(.16)
(-.03)

(-.07)

35.0 (Beta=.350)

/ /


//

(.18)
/ /
(.10)
/
/

26

(-.28)

21.7 (Beta=.217)


( Beta)
(Beta.350) (Beta =.310) (Beta=.260)
(Beta=.217)
(Social Bond
Theory) (Differential Association Theory)
(Techniques of Neutralization Theory)

49.1 (Multiple R=.491)
34.2 (Multiple R Square=.342)

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-


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2.
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