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United States Patent 015) Epstein (1) 3,968,668 (45), July 13, 1976 [54] PICKPROOF CYLINDER LOCK [75] Inventor: Norman Epstein, Carmel, NY. 173] Assignee: Norman Lock Co. Mahopac, N.Y. [22] Filed: Aug. 30, 1974 [21] Appl. No.: 502,034 Related U.S. Application Data [63] | Continuation-in-part of Ser. No. 388,428, Aug. 15, 1973, abandoned. [52] Us.cL 70/364 A; 70/379 Ri 70/386 (51) Int, CL. E0SB 17/04 :. 70/379 R, 379 A, 380, "70/362, 364 A, 419, 386 [58] Field of Search... (561 References Cited UNITED STATES PATENTS “71 ABSTRACT ‘A pickproof cylinder lock has a plurality of key- actuatable spring-tensioned pin tumblers wholly re- ceived in the cylinder and slidably mounted therein, and a ball connected with each pin to be raised or lowered with the pin. The balls are normally held in inactive positions by their pins, but when a proper key is insorted, the balls are brought into active positions by their pins and form a straight link through which key actuation of the pins is translated into a force on a lock-operating member to move the same to a lock- open position. A spring member normally locks the lock-operating member rigidly in a lock-closed posi- tion, and the force produced by the balls in their ac- tive position is also directed against the spring mem- ber to move the latter to a position in which it releases the lock-operating member. The lock also includes a slidable pin engaging the lock-operating member, which pin coacts with a cam surface on the inserted 570032 10/1896 Luhrs. 70/386 x 1,388,778 8/1921 Smith. 70/237 key, and is pressed by said cam surface against the 34104123. 11/1968 devobi “oj36¢ R _lock-operating member when the key is withdrawn, to 3599255 'H/971 Piet 70/363 insure that the lock-operating member returns to is Jock-closed postion. Primary Examiner—Robert L. Wolfe : ‘Auiomey, Agent, or Firm-Edward F. Levy 9 Claims, 9 Drawing Figures 19 \ 29 20, sop? 64 A 4 2 6 50 ro 52 2 48, 14 ff 44 36. I 42 4 56 54 40a ‘i 62 58 18 60 26 39 32 805, 98 90) 94 US. Patent july 13, 1976 Sheet 1 of 3 10 FIG2 \ 29 36 «64 3,968,668 7720 [40/68 /54 56 43 48 +52 \L42 44 62 12-4 14. 28— 5 0 PER RSK Ess 40a 18 30 0 26 40b\ 46 30 5 10 \ 29 20 68 6 _ ||] 40 40b 7 46 50 43 12 52 28. 48 4 en ey 44 36—] T 42 114 56 40a i July 13,1976 Sheet 20f3 3,968,668 U.S. Patent