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Antiseptics and Disinfectants

Antiseptics and Disinfectants


Antiseptics
Substance used to treat a person to prevent the occurrence of infection Applied to living tissues for killing bacteria or to inhibit their growth

Disinfectants
Substance used to treat materials or equipment to remove or inactivate sources of infection Germicidals applied to nonliving materials

ACTION
‡ Cell wall protein is destroyed; cell death occurs ‡ Cell membrane permeability increases and vital contents leak out; cell death occurs ‡ Metabolism is disrupted; cell death occurs ‡ Cell components become oxidized; cell death occurs

PROPERTIES
‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ ‡ Broad spectrum Potent germicidal activity Rapid onset Long lasting effect High lipid solubility Good dispersibility Should not be toxic to host Should not impair healing Offensive odor, color & staining properties should be absent or minimal