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Example 1 A15 NVA, 33/11 kV, 3 phase D/Y transformer with a differential protection scheme for phase to phase and phase to earth protection. The current transformer ratios are 300/5 A on the Gelta side and 2000/5 A on the star side, Calculate the relay currents on full load. Find the minimm reley setting to allow 125% overload. solution 4 v 30/5 2000/8 = AA 7 OOO Refer ro th MVA 15 x 108 5, (ple = tg = Ge ead nie 7 OA . MVA 15 x 106 (lle * Was Wa eal x ae 7 ere ransformer 4 si Z 5 Incr = 262.43 (75g) = 4.3788 Current transformer on star side Ison = 787.29 (xqqg) ¥3= 3-44 0.974 A Iper - Iso = 4.374 - 3.4 Minimm relay setting for 125 8 overload = 1.25 x 0.974 = 1.21 A Example 2 A S-phase, 60 MVA, 13.8 XV generator is provided with a negative ‘sequence protection using @ 1.5 A overcurrent relay and 4 negative sequence filter to feed the relay. assume that the naximm allovable negative sequence current is 128 of rated generator current. Find the most acceptable current transformer facio from the standard C.T. ratios listed below. Assume relay current co be related to filter's input current by frejey = 9-5 32 ) where iz is negative sequence current. standard C.Ts ratio 50 200 400 600 300 1200 Solution ma __ 0x28 oy V3 Vy” WB x 13.8 x 103 ~ (Ig! rated The relay responds to negative sequence current which is 12% of the generacor rated current i.e. the ¢.c primary negative sequence component is Jz = 0.12 x 2910.2 = 301.2 A The relay current is 1.5 4, therefore the negative sequence current inpuc co the filter via che C.T secondary is 1.5 = 0.6 ip c.n, ratio ; sok the line 28 trea cana we 28 Eamled For the busbar shown below + (av) () Wi) wy Drew a circulating current scheme to protect against phase- to-phase and _-phase-to-earth fault, Draw C.Ts connection for restricted earth fault, } Calculate the value of the stablising resistance for a maximm feulc current of 24 kA given that the C.T resistance is 0.2 0, pilot wire resistance is 0.30, relay current is 25 mA and relay voltage is 25 ¥. The C.7 ratio is 2000 5 Draw a detailed equivalent circuit of the R&F scheme and ‘show where currents flow for a single phase-to-earth on busbar. mat is the minimm fault current for operation ?. low can relays be made less sensitive ?. > excitation current is 80 mA at 25 V. Arrangement for phace-to-phase and phase-ro-earth protection of bus-hers with four feeders. ay of bus-bars with four feeders. i) Arrangenent for phase-to-phase and phase-to-earth protect {on ‘chrculating current scheme for REF protection of @ busbar with four feeders.