Adhesive system Acid etching Prime Bounding Bounding chemical adhesion between composite restoration and tooth wall

mostly in dentin>>> mechanical interlocking

Acid etching Phosphoric acid 50% Dissolution of hydroxyapatite Rough surface Using less than 50% >>>improve the adhesion If the acid is very strong the effect will reach the entire surface not only the specific required sites

Enamel acid etching better than dentine Due to the chemical composition Enamel is mostly inorganic so it is highly affected etched by the acid While the dentine has less consistency of the inorganic materials Enamel rods direction: Macro less number micro tag small betwwen the enamel rods

Dentine: High organic consistency tubular dentine>>>collagen fibers Mechanism of acid etching>>rough surface + abrasion Difficulties and challenges Failure in interlocking due to 1.presence of collagen fibers > hydrophilic .2cavity preparation> smear layer

(acetone\alcohol\water( HEMA.5combination: acid etch+prim\acid etch+bounding weak acid >> mallic acid \citric acid 10% while :acid etch(phosphoric acid)\prime+bounding total-etching adhesive system completely using strong ph.7. Hydroxyethylmethacrylate *smeat layer after cavity acrylate *either remove it all *or partially removed hybrid layer of resin and tooth surface (dentin( resin plug: more adhesive generations: First three: acid etching in enamel .acid >>better acid (strong)\prime+bounding partially(self)-etching adheisve system: weak+prime\bounding system mallic+citric .smear layer: precipitate of layer from cavity pre < Debris + appetite crystals + microorganisms advantage: seal the dentinal tubules Disadvantages: microorganism Solutions: Collagen=hydrophilic>>prime (in dentin( diluted resin with solvent sol.4acid etch\prime\bounding (4meta( .

Advantage: to sustain th advantage of the smear layer .

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