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Beauty in Mathematics

Ogan Gurel, MD The mathematicians’ patterns, like the painter’s or the poet’s, must be beautiful; the ideas, like the colours or the words, must fit together in a harmonious way. Beauty is the first test: there is no permanent place in the world for ugly mathematics. G. H. Hardy as imagination bodies forth The forms of things unknown, the poet’s pen Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing A local habitation and a name. Shakespeare, A Midsummer-Night’s Dream

**Everything from Nothing
**

Area of mathematics Set Theory Number Theory Example / result Theorem Physical example

Derivation of natural numbers from the empty set Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic Euclid’s proof of the Infinitude of Primes Rational and irrational numbers Pythagorean proof of the incommensurability of root 2 Petal arrangements Countability of the naturals and nondenumerability of the continuum

Fibonacci Numbers & the Golden number Real Analysis The construction of the real numbers

Algebra

Solving equations; implications for number Complex numbers Encompasses, e, pi, i, 1, addition, and multiplication ... all leading back to 0 Fundamental Theorem of Algebra Euler’s Formula

© Ogan Gurel

**The universe of symmetry
**

Symmetry denotes that sort of concordance of several parts by which they integrate into a whole. Beauty is bound up with symmetry. H. Weyl Area of mathematics Set Theory Group Theory Example / result Theorem Physical example

Empty set as embodying the most symmetry Definition of Symmetry Symmetry operations and symmetry elements Platonic Solids Euclidean Group Ornamental Symmetry and the planar Fedorov groups (17).

Before the Big Bang

Clathrin-coated pits

Broken symmetry Topology Polyhedra Topological equivalence & topological invariants Euler’s Theorem Jordan separation theorem

From the Big Bang onwards

Cell membranes and protein synthesis

All is wave

Symmetry denotes that sort of concordance of several parts by which they integrate inot a whole. Beauty is bound up with symmetry. H. Weyl Area of mathematics Trigonometry Group Theory Example / result Theorem Physical example

Translation of angular measures into linear measures Definition of Symmetry Symmetry operations and symmetry elements Platonic Solids Euclidean Group Ornamental Symmetry and the planar Fedorov groups (17). Clathrin-coated pits

Broken symmetry Topology Polyhedra Topological equivalence & topological invariants Euler’s Theorem Jordan separation theorem

From the Big Bang onwards

Cell membranes

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Beauty in Mathematics
Ogan Gurel, MD
The mathematicians’ patterns, like the painter’s or the poet’s, must be beautiful; the ideas, like the colours or the words, must fit together in a harmon...

Beauty in Mathematics

Ogan Gurel, MD

The mathematicians’ patterns, like the painter’s or the poet’s, must be beautiful; the ideas, like the colours or the words, must fit together in a harmonious way. Beauty is the first test: there is no permanent place in the world for ugly mathematics.

G. H. Hardy

as imagination bodies forth

The forms of things unknown, the poet’s pen

Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing

A local habitation and a name.

Shakespeare, A Midsummer-Night’s Dream

Everything from Nothing

Area of mathematics Example / result Theorem Physical example

Set Theory Derivation of natural numbers from the empty set

Number Theory Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic

Euclid’s proof of the Infinitude of Primes

Rational and irrational numbers Pythagorean proof of the incommensurability of root 2

Fibonacci Numbers & the Golden number Petal arrangements

Real Analysis The construction of the real numbers Countability of the naturals and nondenumerability of the continuum

Algebra Solving equations; implications for number

Complex numbers Fundamental Theorem of Algebra

Encompasses, e, pi, i, 1, addition, and multiplication ... all leading back to 0 Euler’s Formula

The universe of symmetry

Symmetry denotes that sort of concordance of several parts by which they integrate into a whole. Beauty is bound up with symmetry.

H. Weyl

Area of mathematics Example / result Theorem Physical example

Set Theory Empty set as embodying the most symmetry Before the Big Bang

Group Theory Definition of Symmetry

Symmetry operations and symmetry elements

Platonic Solids

Euclidean Group Ornamental Symmetry and the planar Fedorov groups (17). Clathrin-coated pits

Broken symmetry From the Big Bang onwards

Topology Polyhedra Euler’s Theorem

Topological equivalence & topological invariants Jordan separation theorem Cell membranes and protein synthesis

All is wave

Symmetry denotes that sort of concordance of several parts by which they integrate inot a whole. Beauty is bound up with symmetry.

H. Weyl

Area of mathematics Example / result Theorem Physical example

Trigonometry Translation of angular measures into linear measures

Group Theory Definition of Symmetry

Symmetry operations and symmetry elements

Platonic Solids

Euclidean Group Ornamental Symmetry and the planar Fedorov groups (17). Clathrin-coated pits

Broken symmetry From the Big Bang onwards

Topology Polyhedra Euler’s Theorem

Topological equivalence & topological invariants Jordan separation theorem Cell membranes

For the Word version see:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/7868199/Beauty-in-Mathematics

http://www.linkedin.com/in/ogangurel

Ogan Gurel, MD

The mathematicians’ patterns, like the painter’s or the poet’s, must be beautiful; the ideas, like the colours or the words, must fit together in a harmonious way. Beauty is the first test: there is no permanent place in the world for ugly mathematics.

G. H. Hardy

as imagination bodies forth

The forms of things unknown, the poet’s pen

Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing

A local habitation and a name.

Shakespeare, A Midsummer-Night’s Dream

Everything from Nothing

Area of mathematics Example / result Theorem Physical example

Set Theory Derivation of natural numbers from the empty set

Number Theory Fundamental Theorem of Arithmetic

Euclid’s proof of the Infinitude of Primes

Rational and irrational numbers Pythagorean proof of the incommensurability of root 2

Fibonacci Numbers & the Golden number Petal arrangements

Real Analysis The construction of the real numbers Countability of the naturals and nondenumerability of the continuum

Algebra Solving equations; implications for number

Complex numbers Fundamental Theorem of Algebra

Encompasses, e, pi, i, 1, addition, and multiplication ... all leading back to 0 Euler’s Formula

The universe of symmetry

Symmetry denotes that sort of concordance of several parts by which they integrate into a whole. Beauty is bound up with symmetry.

H. Weyl

Area of mathematics Example / result Theorem Physical example

Set Theory Empty set as embodying the most symmetry Before the Big Bang

Group Theory Definition of Symmetry

Symmetry operations and symmetry elements

Platonic Solids

Euclidean Group Ornamental Symmetry and the planar Fedorov groups (17). Clathrin-coated pits

Broken symmetry From the Big Bang onwards

Topology Polyhedra Euler’s Theorem

Topological equivalence & topological invariants Jordan separation theorem Cell membranes and protein synthesis

All is wave

Symmetry denotes that sort of concordance of several parts by which they integrate inot a whole. Beauty is bound up with symmetry.

H. Weyl

Area of mathematics Example / result Theorem Physical example

Trigonometry Translation of angular measures into linear measures

Group Theory Definition of Symmetry

Symmetry operations and symmetry elements

Platonic Solids

Euclidean Group Ornamental Symmetry and the planar Fedorov groups (17). Clathrin-coated pits

Broken symmetry From the Big Bang onwards

Topology Polyhedra Euler’s Theorem

Topological equivalence & topological invariants Jordan separation theorem Cell membranes

For the Word version see:

http://www.scribd.com/doc/7868199/Beauty-in-Mathematics

http://www.linkedin.com/in/ogangurel

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