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Dear Friends: Serving people, first as an educator and now as an elected official, has been a great honor throughout my adult life. In my position as Secretary of State, one of the most important public interests I’ve sworn to serve is to be an unswerving advocate for traffic safety. I take my oath very seriously, believing that many of the tragic deaths and injuries on Illinois roads can be prevented if we stay focused on our mission. New technology has made our streets and highways safer. New laws have sent a strong “think safety” message to the motoring public. We must continue to be vigilant in the area of lawmaking and public awareness. But we must, at the same time, communicate to each and every Illinois driver a new sense of personal responsibility. A person who drives responsibly is his or her best bet against accident and injury. Knowing the laws – and obeying them – must be our first-line safety measure. With that in mind, I am pleased to present this updated edition of “Illinois Rules of the Road.”
Jesse White Secretary of State
Table of Contents
Chapter One: Chapter Two: Chapter Three: Chapter Four: Chapter Five: Chapter Six: Chapter Seven: Chapter Eight: Chapter Nine: Chapter Ten: Chapter Eleven: Chapter Twelve: The Illinois Driver’s License ................................... The Driver’s License Tests ...................................... Traffic Laws ............................................................. DUI ........................................................................... Traffic Crashes ......................................................... License Revocation, Suspension, Denial and Cancellation ........................................... Roadway Signs ......................................................... Traffic Signals and Pavement Markings ................. Sharing the Road ...................................................... Safe Driving Tips ..................................................... Equipment for Safe Driving ..................................... Owning a Vehicle .................................................... 4 18 21 36 42 45 50 62 68 75 85 89 95 96 97
Change of Name/Address Form .............................................................. Answers to Study Questions ................................................................... Work Area Signals ..................................................................................
Guide to Services .................................................................................. 98, 99 Index ........................................................................................................ 100
This edition of the RULES OF THE ROAD is as accurate as possible at the time of publication. The manual gives drivers information on obtaining a driver’s license, driver’s license laws, traffic safety issues and general information regarding Illinois traffic laws and ordinances. The language of the Illinois Compiled Statutes is condensed and paraphrased and does not cover every law or explain every possible situation that motorists may face while operating a motor vehicle. The manual also provides highway safety information not in the law. It is intended as a tool for drivers and should not be cited as a legal authority in court.
This information is available in RULES OF THE ROAD FOR NON-CDL VEHICLES. You will be given information about: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • learning to drive renewing a license obtaining a duplicate or corrected license changing a name or address the commercial driver’s license license requirements notations on licenses your health and driving license fees classifications other special permits color-coded licenses and identification cards exemptions special services temporary licenses probationary licenses Learning To Drive In Illinois. and the ILLINOIS MOTORCYCLE OPERATOR MANUAL. community colleges and commercial driving schools offer classes for adults. The behind-the-wheel test will be taken when you apply for your driver’s license. This book has the information you must know to pass the written test on traffic laws and signs in order to obtain basic driving privileges. which are available at any driver services facility. Approved driver education classes include at least 30 hours of classroom study and six hours of behind-the-wheel training. 4 . Instruction Permits When you apply for your instruction permit. most young people learn to drive in high school or at a commercial driver training school licensed by the Illinois Secretary of State. you must pass the vision screening and the appropriate written test for the classification you are seeking. the COMMERCIAL DRIVER’S LICENSE STUDY MANUAL. This chapter tells you how to obtain an Illinois driver’s license or instruction permit. community college or commercial driving school. restricted driving permit or judicial driving permit. To find out about classes and fees. Some high schools. school superintendent’s office. you must have a valid driver’s license. you must pass a different test. instruction permit. In order to drive larger vehicles or motorcycles. call your local high school.Chapter One: The Illinois Driver’s License To drive legally in Illinois.
you must have received a passing grade in at least eight courses during the previous two semesters. If you are 17 years and 9 months of age or older. 2) the student has a GED. legal guardian. At that time. For your convenience. you will need to bring your blue slip. a responsible adult. or. you may continue practicing to drive with your instruction permit under the supervision of a responsible adult as outlined above. you may apply for an instruction permit without taking a driver education course. When you have completed the behind-the-wheel portion of driver education. Certificate of Completion letter. After you have successfully completed the driver education class. and have at least one year of driving experience. This adult must be at least 21 years of age. and your training was administered by your local high school. additional certification forms can be obtained at most driver services facilities.If you are 15 to 17 years old. and your instruction permit to the driver services facility at the time of application. have a license for the type of vehicle you are driving. or 4) the student has written consent from his or her parents or legal guardian and the regional superintendent. the Illinois State Board of Education will issue you a “Certificate of Completion” (blue slip). Cooperative Driver Testing Program High school students who successfully complete an accredited driver education course of classroom and behind-the-wheel instruction with a grade of A or B may not be required to take a duplicate road test at the time they apply for their driver’s license. Your instruction permit must be used in the driver education class when an adult instructor is sitting beside you. the Secretary of State will issue you a “Letter of Completion”. If your behind-the-wheel training was administered by a state licensed commercial driving school. To qualify for either of the above documents. 3) the student. a legal guardian or a responsible adult approved by your parents is sitting beside you. that you have had a minimum of 25 hours of behind-the-wheel practice time and are sufficiently prepared and able to safely operate a motor vehicle. The course must include a minimum of 30 hours of classroom 5 . You may also practice your driving when one of your parents. The local superintendent or chief school administrator may waive conditions deemed in the best interest of the student or dropout. A certification form will be mailed after you are issued an instruction permit. if there is no parent or legal guardian. Any student under 18 years old who drops out of high school cannot obtain a Certificate of Completion unless 1) the instructor has written verification of enrollment in a GED or alternative program. The instruction permit is valid for 24 months and must be held for at least three months prior to obtaining a driver’s license when you are 16 years of age or older. To apply for your driver’s license before reaching the age of 18. received passing grades in at least eight courses in the previous two semesters. you will also be required to present written certification from your parent. you may receive your instruction permit only if you are enrolled in an approved driver education class. and commercial driving schools. high school driver education offices. prior to dropping out.
Drivers are notified of their eligibility in their driver’s license renewal letter. must be presented at any driver services facility at the time of license application. Upon successful completion of the driver education course. Drivers age 21 through 80 are issued licenses that are good for four years and expire on their birthday. The Secretary of State’s office has established a procedure for spot checking student applicants who qualify for the program. Also. The program is voluntary. and participants receive by mail a license renewal sticker for placement on the back of the license (see page 102).training and six hours of behind-the-wheel training. you may be required to take the written and/or road exams. the following license renewal requirements apply: • Drivers under age 21 are issued licenses that expire three months after their 21st birthday. Each student also must pass a road test that meets minimum standards established by the Secretary of State’s office either during the driver’s education course or at the time of application for the driver’s license. which allows for a four-year driver’s license renewal either through the mail or with a credit card by touchtone telephone. Everyone must have their vision screened. For drivers not eligible for Safe Driver Renewal. may be eligible to participate in the Safe Driver Renewal Program. For greater convenience. drivers between the ages of 22 and 74 who are not Commercial Driver's License (CDL) or school bus driver permit holders. 6 . students whose birthdays fall on certain dates will be required to pass a road test administered at the driver services facility even though they may have taken and passed a road test conducted by their driver education instructor. • Test requirements vary. everyone must take a written test every eight years except those having no traffic convictions. the student will be issued a Cooperative Driver Testing Certificate. which will expire on the same day as the student’s current instruction permit and will not be extended. but school districts are encouraged to participate by contacting the Secretary of State’s office. Participation in this program waives the vision screening requirement. Under the spot check. Drivers age 87 and older must renew their licenses each year. accident reports or medical report review requirements on their driving record. You also will receive information about facility hours. Drivers age 81 through 86 are issued licenses good for two years. The certificate. and have no traffic infractions. If you have an accident involvement recorded on your driving record. All persons age 75 and over must take a driving test. Renewing Your License When it is time to renew your license. you will receive a letter about 30 days before your current license expires. which must be signed by the driver education instructor and the student’s parent or guardian. sanctions. Your renewal letter will tell you what tests are necessary.
Your vision will be screened and your photo will be taken. This may be done at any driver services facility. • Early renewal may be accomplished up to one year before a four-year or twoyear license expires or six months before a one-year license expires. a road test or both. as well as their spouses and children. Dirksen Parkway. See page 8. IL 62723-0001. You must go to a driver services facility to have a photo taken. You may be required to take a written test. A change of address form is included in the back of this Rules of the Road manual. A corrected driver’s license must be obtained at a driver services facility. Law requires you to inform the Secretary of State of a name or address change within 10 days. 2701 S. Members of the armed forces on active duty outside Illinois. you may not receive notification of your license renewal if you have not notified the Secretary of State of a change in name or address. may drive with expired licenses for up to 45 days after their return. you will receive your new license that day. A $5 fee is charged if you obtain a new license. stolen or destroyed. There is a $5 fee. If you change your name. However. you may apply for another license. A new driver’s license may be obtained only at a driver services facility. follow the same process as for a duplicate license. There is no fee for this change unless you wish to have a new driver’s license with the change of address. residents who hold a valid CDL must obtain a corrected driver's license within 30 days of a change of address. Vehicle registration forms may also be completed at the driver services facility. In addition. you must obtain a corrected driver’s license. corrected title. Changing Your Name or Address Within 10 days of changing your name or address. you are required by law to notify the Secretary of State of the change. Springfield. however. Corrected License If your license requires a correction. drivers age 60 and older who have had their license stolen will receive a free duplicate license if they present a police report on the theft. Assuming you are eligible. and corrected registration ID card before the Secretary of State records can be changed. Obtaining a Duplicate or Corrected License Duplicate License If your license has been lost. You will be required to show identification that proves the change in information. Attention: Address Change. Complete this form and mail it to the address listed previously. 7 . or these forms can be mailed to you. You will be required to show acceptable forms of identification that prove your identity. or by writing the Driver Services Department. Your incorrect license must be turned in at the driver services facility when you apply for your corrected license. You will be required to show identification with your new name and identification that links your old and new names.• Renewal letters should be taken to the driver services facility.
US Military Service Record . State Department. management has the right to accept or refuse any document. A certified copy is a document produced by the issuing jurisdiction which has an embossed seal or an original stamped impression.S. Card) I-94 (Arrival/Departure Record) with valid passport Medicard Card -with suffix A. H. date of birth. the identification must be a document which provides a link to the established DL/ID file.S. Discover. Master Card & Visa) * “Group B” documents must contain the applicant’s full name and date of birth and must be verifiable. J. Card) I-94 (Arrival/Departure Record) with valid passport Military Drivers License . Card) I-766 (Employment Auth. you must provide acceptable forms of identification. B. B Social Security Number Illinois Drivers License Record Illinois Identification Card Record Military Drivers License .US Military Identification Card . Foreign birth certificates are accepted as “proof” if accompanied with any other item listed in Group B. but are not limited to the following: Utility Bill Vehicle Registration Card Voter Registration Card Current forms of identification with an Illinois street address which do not appear on the list of unacceptable identification may also be used to verify residency. Card) I-766 (Employment Auth. Adoption Records Birth Certificate ** Court Order-Change of Birth Date Official Grade/High School Transcript Illinois Drivers License-“current” Illinois Identification Card“current” INS forms I-551 (Alien Registration) I-688 (Temporary Resident Card) I-688A (Employment Auth. U.US Military Identification Card -US Military Service Record-DD214 Naturalization Certificate Passport-Valid with Complete Date of Birth Social Security Award Letter (Primary Beneficiary Only) @ Acceptable Major Brand Credit Cards are (American Express. You must do so to prove name. Illinois residency. 8 Canceled Check (w/in 90 days) CDTP Certification Form Court Order Credit Card-Major Brand@ Driver Education Certificate (Blue Slip) Government Drivers License Government Identification Card Illinois Drivers License-“current” Illinois Identification Card“current” INS forms I-551 (Alien Registration Card) I-688 (Temporary Resident Card) I-688A (Employment Auth. territories or Canada.A C D Residency/Personal Data Examples of residency may be. .DD214 Social Security Award Letter (Primary Beneficiary Only) Social Security Card -Issued by Social Security Administration Written Signature Proof of Date of Birth* License Requirements Acceptable Identification (Photocopies will not be accepted) Please note. Card) I-688B (Employment Auth. M. it must be possible to contact the regulatory authority to confirm the authenticity of the document. To be verifiable. or C and other forms of identification not listed as unacceptable may be used to verify personal data. ** Original or certified by a Board of Health or Bureau of Vital statistics within the U. or T Military Drivers License -US Military Identification Military Service Record-DD214 Mortgage or Installment Loan Documents Out-of-State Drivers License/ID card-“current” Passport-Valid U. Diners Club. Any document listed in Group A. To receive an Illinois driver’s license or ID card. Card) I-688B (Employment Auth. after review of all identification presented. or Foreign Social Security Card For a name change.S. Social Security Number and signature for comparison.
Unacceptable Identification Documents Bond Receipt or Bond Card Business Cards Check Cashing Cards Club or Fraternal Membership Cards College or University Identification Cards Commercially produced (nonState or unofficial) ID Cards Firearms Owner ID Fishing License Handwritten ID or Employment Cards Hunting License IDPA (Public Aid) Cards Instruction Permit/Receipts Insurance and/or Bail Bond Cards Library Card Temporary Drivers License Traffic Citation (Arrest Ticket) Verification by family members other than Father.1. C. 3. Mother or Legal Guardian Verification by non-family members other than High School Driver Education Instructor or Secretary of State Personnel Video Club Membership Cards Wallet ID’s Unlicensed Financial Institution Loan Papers • High school and commercial driver education school applicants are required to present their Certificate of Completion (blue slip). If they do not have their current driver’s license or ID card. and D. or. C. if there is no parent or legal guardian. • See above for the identification required for a first time issuance. or D. C. a responsible adult at least 21 years of age stating that the applicant has had a minimum of 25 hours of behind-the-wheel practice time and is sufficiently prepared and able to safely operate a motor vehicle. An applicant who requests a change in Name. and at least one form from either Groups B. Drivers under the age of 18 must also present written certification from a parent. Cooperative Driver Testing Certificate (if applicable) and instruction permit before a driver’s license will be issued. First Time Illinois Drivers License/Identification Card Applicant: An applicant applying for a Drivers license or Identification Card for the first time in the State of Illinois must present one document from each of Group A. or D. then they must present one form of identification from Group A and at least one form from either Groups B. 9 . 2. Date of Birth. NOTE: After review of all identification presented. Social Security Number or Gender must provide acceptable identification to create a link pertaining to the change between the previous information and the new information. Duplicate/Corrected Drivers License/Identification Card Applicant: An applicant applying for either a duplicate or corrected Drivers license or Identification Card must present one form of identification from Group A. legal guardian. Illinois Drivers License/Identification Card Renewal Applicants: Applicants renewing their current Illinois Drivers license or Identification Card need only present their current valid license or ID card. management has the right to accept or refuse any documents. B.
However. legal guardian or other responsible adult with you. held a valid instruction permit for a minimum of three months. To receive an Illinois driver’s license. present written certification from a parent. and pass the three parts of the driver’s license test. • If you are under 17 and driving after curfew hours. and possibly a driving exam. You also must pass the three parts of the motorcycle driver’s license test. a responsible adult at least 21 years of age stating that the applicant has had a minimum of 25 hours of behind-the-wheel practice time. Your parent(s) or legal guardian must approve of any other responsible adult accompanying you. your application for any instruction permit or driver's license must also contain the written consent of a parent or legal guardian.m. see page 6. and commercial drivers’ licenses. ID. Age Restrictions You must be at least 18 years of age to obtain a valid driver’s license in Illinois. written and/or behind-the-wheel driving test. individuals must appear in person at a driver services facility and provide acceptable forms of identification.To receive a driver’s license. (Exceptions apply for Safe Driver Renewals. you must also: • appear in person at the driver services facility when you apply for or re-new your license.m. and for 10 . the following exceptions apply: • If you are 16 or 17 years old. or permit at that time.) • turn in all valid out-of-state licenses. instruction permits. you must have a parent. legal guardian. you will not have to appear in person to renew your license. You will have your photo taken and receive your license. • If you are under 18 years of age and unmarried. • If you are 16 or 17 years old. as outlined under the “License Requirements” section. you may receive your motorcycle license only after retaining your motorcycle instruction permit for a minimum of three months and successfully completing an approved motorcycle training course and an approved driver education class.) New Residents Drivers moving to Illinois from out of state may use their valid driver’s license from their home state for 90 days. Curfew hours are 12:01 a. New residents must surrender their out-of-state license and pass a vision screening. or. • pass appropriate driver’s tests. You may be required to pass a vision. a written exam. Saturdays and Sundays. • pay the appropriate fee. until 6:00 a. you may receive your license if you successfully complete an approved driver education class. (If eligible for Safe Driver Renewal. and is sufficiently prepared and able to safely operate a motor vehicle. if there is no parent or legal guardian.
11 . a religious organization bus or a vehicle transporting senior citizens. License Requirements for Special Vehicles If you drive a commuter vehicle for profit.m. delivery persons) To drive for hire any passenger vehicle transporting 10 or fewer persons To drive for hire a second division vehicle transporting 10 or more passengers To drive a commuter van.000.500. which is a class A misdemeanor. is up to one year in jail and up to $2. The penalty for unlawful use of a driver’s license or ID card. If you are convicted of perjury. religious organization bus. It is also a crime for you to use a fictitious or unlawfully altered driver’s license or permit. A second offense could result in from one to three years in jail and a fine of up to $25. your license or permit may not be valid during curfew hours. Conviction of any fraudulent activity will result in a minimum fine of $500. school bus. or to allow another person to use your identification documents to apply for a driver’s license or ID card. You may be charged with perjury or with a violation of the Identification Card Act. If curfew conditions are not met. if you violate any of the above laws. A person’s driving privileges may also be suspended for possessing a fraudulent license.m. you may be sentenced to jail for one to three years and fined up to $25. Other Age Requirements Minimum Age To drive for hire any vehicle transporting property (for example. local municipalities may provide curfew hours different than these. Sunday night through Thursday night. until 6:00 a. which is a class 4 felony. Depending on the size of the vehicle you operate.500 in fines. your driver’s license will be suspended or revoked for a minimum of 12 months. or permit. you may be sentenced to jail for up to one year and fined up to $2. you also must meet the following requirements: • You must have a valid and properly classified license. ID.a period from 11:00 p. In addition. which is a class A misdemeanor. a commercial driver’s license may be necessary. vehicle transporting senior citizens or a child care vehicle 18 18 21 21 Penalties for ID Fraud It is a crime to sign a driver’s license or ID card application that includes false information or to present false identification. to present or possess another person’s driver’s license or ID card as if it were yours.000. If you are convicted of violating the Identification Card Act. In addition.
If you drive a child care vehicle. Depending on the size of the vehicle you operate. • You must show your physical fitness to operate vehicles by having a medical exam. On the back of your license you may: • indicate your wish to donate your organs in the event of your death. reckless homicide. or reckless conduct from the use of a motor vehicle. the Secretary of State’s Office became responsible for regulating all school bus drivers. you must not have been convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs.• You must have had a valid driver’s license three years prior to the date of application. • You must have had a valid driver’s license three years prior to the date of application. drag racing. IL 62723. More information concerning the organ donor program is available at any driver services facility. Springfield. • note your blood type and RH factor. You may also obtain information on school bus driving from a regional superintendent of schools. You will be asked to sign your license. • place a decal or sticker indicating you carry an Emergency Medical Information Card. 2701 South Dirksen Parkway. • You must demonstrate your ability to drive the vehicle safely.) This conforms with the Anatomical Gift Act and is a legal Uniform Donor Card. hospitals. • Within three years of the date of application. For further information or a copy of the rules. you must have a properly classified commercial driver’s license with the appropriate endorsements. please write the Secretary of State. (See the sample license shown on the inside back cover. Driver Services Department. reckless driving. you must meet the following requirements: • You must have a valid and properly classified license. you must not have been convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol and/or drugs. a commercial driver’s license may be necessary. you will have your photo taken. reckless driving. Stickers are available at any driver services facility. • You must not have been convicted of more than two moving traffic violations within a 12-month period. or reckless homicide resulting from the operation of a vehicle. Restrictions will be coded on your license. leaving the scene of an accident involving death or personal injury. Notations on Licenses When you have passed all three tests. 12 . If you drive a school bus. Effective July 1. 1995. schools. Complete and sign the form on the back of your driver’s license. medical groups or associations that provide Emergency Medical Information Cards. manslaughter. • Within three years of the date of application.
................ 60 Limited commercial driver’s license ..... 4 Identification card for persons 65 or older ...................................... a current and completed report from your doctor verifying your medical ability to safely operate a motor vehicle is required........................ 5 Driver’s license for persons age 69 ................................ 20 School Bus Permit (original.. 5 Original or renewal M or L classification .... License Fees Original instruction permit ...................... If you develop a medical condition that is likely to cause a loss of consciousness or any loss of ability to safely operate a motor vehicle............. When you apply for a driver’s license......................... Failure to do so may lead to the cancellation of your driver’s license and driving privileges........................ you will be eligible to take the driver’s license tests................. $20 Basic driver’s license .................20 . not at time of renewal (except CDL) ............80 ......................................................................... 5 Driver’s license for persons age 81 .............. drugs or alcohol that may impair your driving ability.................................. 13 ................... Free Identification card for persons with disabilities ............................................................ 4 Driver’s license for persons age 18 .... duplicate or corrected) .......... you will be asked questions about any potential physical or mental condition that may impair your safe operation of a motor vehicle...............................................................................• place a sticker indicating you carry a living will and/or power of attorney for health care notification card........................... You also will be asked about any medications (prescribed or over-the-counter)... 2 Driver’s license for persons age 87 and older ........... The form is available at any driver services facility.................................. Free New classification added................ it is your responsibility to notify the Secretary of State within 10 days of becoming aware of the condition..86 ............. you may not pay an additional fee..................................................... you should remain medically fit to operate a motor vehicle........ Your Health and Driving For your safety and the safety of others........................... Free Corrected or duplicate driver’s license or permit .. If you answer “yes” to any of the above questions.................................... Report forms are available at all driver services facilities....... 10 Commercial driver’s license .......................................... Free If you receive your license prior to the expiration of your instruction permit......... 5 Five-year identification card .............. 5 Duplicate license or permit for persons age 60 and above whose licenses have been stolen (must have police report) ..... If your doctor verifies you are medically fit to safely operate a motor vehicle..................................... Stickers and cards are available at any driver services facility...........
Drivers seeking a basic license to operate a car in Illinois are issued a class D license.) • CLASS C: Any motor vehicle with a GVWR of more than 16. When you take the behind-the-wheel test. L or M license. (CDL is generally required. and the power drive system shall not require the driver to shift gears. you must drive a representative vehicle of the class for which you want a license.000 lbs.000 lbs. the displacement shall not exceed 50 cubic centimeters. If the moped has an internal combustion engine. • CLASS L: Any motor driven cycle with less than 150 cc displacement. • CLASS D: Any motor vehicle with a GVWR of 16. It is against the law to drive a motor vehicle. If you wish to operate a commercial motor vehicle. except those vehicles requiring a class A.001 lbs.001 or any such vehicle towing another with a GVWR of 10. consult the CDL study guide. Does not include motorcycles or motor driven cycles. (CDL is generally required. B. Does not include motorcycles or motor driven cycles. you will be required to obtain a CDL. which is available at your local driver services facility. C. providing that the vehicle being towed is in excess of 10. but less than 26. There also are special endorsements for vehicles requiring a CDL.) • CLASS B: Any single motor vehicle with a GVWR of 26. Motorized Pedalcycles (Mopeds) A motorized pedalcycle (moped) is a motor driven cycle. 14 . For more information. or less. or more. with a GVWR of 26.001 lbs. Does not include motorcycles or motor driven cycles.000 lbs. This person is required to successfully complete a safety course regarding the safe operation of that vehicle. • CLASS M: Any motorcycle or motor driven cycle. or less or any such vehicle designed to carry 16 or more passengers including the driver or hazardous materials that require placarding. unless you have a valid driver’s license with the proper classification and endorsements. even if it is borrowed for a short period of time. It produces two brake horsepower or less and has a maximum speed of 30 miles per hour. The following chart lists the license classifications: • CLASS A: Any combination of motor vehicles with a Gross Combination Weight Rating (GCWR) of 26. used for the transportation of an individual’s own personal property or that of an immediate family member for non-business purposes within the State of Illinois.000 lbs.Classifications Driver’s licenses are classified by the gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR) of your vehicle. or more or any such vehicle towing another not in excess of 10. A rented vehicle. may be operated with a Class D license.000 lbs.000 pounds or less. NOTE: Any vehicle designed to transport 16 or more persons or used in the transportation of placarded hazardous materials requires a CDL.
The permit allows you to drive in conjunction with your employment. following a circuit judge’s order. RESTRICTED LOCAL DRIVER'S LICENSE: This special license may be issued to drivers who live in communities with less than 3. to a first offender serving a statutory summary suspension following an arrest for driving under the influence of alcohol. A registration plate shall be attached on the rear of the moped. If the moped is to be driven at night. Before a permit is issued. Also. when in front of a vehicle’s headlights. valid driver’s license of any classification. other drugs and/or intoxicating compounds (DUI). • OCCUPATIONAL DRIVING PERMIT: This permit is issued to commercial drivers whose licenses have been suspended for three moving violations. A moped driver may not carry a passenger unless the moped is equipped with a passenger seat and passenger footrests. and a red reflector on the rear that is visible from 100 to 600 ft. Special Permits RESTRICTED CDL: This special permit is issued for seasonal employees of farm services companies. may be used in addition to the reflector. you must drive for a living. A person with no driver’s license who wishes to operate only a moped must obtain a Class L license. the driver must prove that a hardship exists and that he or she will not pose a hazard to others. following a circuit judge’s order. The owner must have a Certificate of Title. These permits are: • RESTRICTED DRIVING PERMITS: Restricted driving permits allow driving only during certain times and along specified routes for work-related or educational purposes or to receive medical care or drug treatment.A moped driver must have a current. which grants full driving privileges during a period of suspension.500 residents and who drive only within certain areas of the community. • FAMILY FINANCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DRIVING PERMIT (FRP): This permit is issued. issued after the completion of a Defensive Driving Course conducted through the National Safety Council (NSC). A judicial driving permit will not be issued to a motorist under age 18. a red light visible for 500 ft. RESTRICTED PERMITS: Illinois drivers whose driving privileges have been revoked or suspended may be allowed to drive using special permits. • JUDICIAL DRIVING PERMITS: A judicial driving permit is issued. To qualify. Judicial driving permits have the same restrictions and provisions as restricted driving permits. PROBATIONARY LICENSE: A conditional license. to a driver who has been suspended under the Family Financial Responsibility Law for 15 . A restricted driving permit cannot be issued to a motorist under the age of 16. it must be equipped with a white light on the front that is visible for 500 ft.
Age restrictions and colors are as follows: • If you are under age 21. • are employed by the U. No license is needed. Secretary of State DSD A-58. 1994. • are an out-of-state student at a college or university. The words “Under 21” appear in the header on the front. • If your license is to be renewed on your 21st birthday. You are exempt if you: • move to Illinois and have a valid driver’s license from your home state or country. You may drive with that license for 90 days. You do not need a valid Illinois license if you are on official business and driving a vehicle owned by or leased to the government. you may not renew before that date. may legally drive with their expired Illinois driver's license until the licensee returns to Illinois and for 45 days after discharge or reassignment to a military base in Illinois.5 16 . This also applies to your spouse and children.S. See page 8. Chapter 95 1/2. your digital driver’s license or ID will have a red header and blue photo background. Exemptions Sometimes you may drive in Illinois without a valid Illinois driver’s license. your digital driver’s license or ID will have a blue header and blue photo background. • are operating a road machine temporarily on the roadway or operating a farm tractor between the farm buildings and nearby farmland. • ID card applicants must meet the same identification requirements as persons applying for drivers’ licenses. This also applies to your spouse and children." Retain this card to accompany your license while serving outside the State of Illinois. The digital drivers’ licenses are illustrated on the inside back cover. government or are a member of the Armed Forces. You ILLINOIS MILITARY DEFERRAL may drive with a valid license from your home state. Color-Coded Licenses and Identification Cards Illinois drivers’ licenses and identification cards are color-coded to identify persons under age 21.nonpayment of court-ordered child support. You will be able to renew on or after your 21st birthday. his or her spouse and/or children living with them. You may drive with a valid license from your home state or country. Section 6-115(d) states in part: "A resident of Illinois who is a member of the Armed Forces on active duty stationed outside the State of Illinois. No permit will be issued to a person under the age of 16 years who possesses an instruction permit. but are driving in Illinois. The previous license had a blue photo background. The photo background is white for licenses or ID’s issued before Jan. Previously issued Under 21 licenses had a red border and red photo background. • do not live in Illinois. You must have a valid driver’s license from your home state or country. Commercial drivers’ licenses also are visually distinctive for easy identification. • If you are 21 or older. • are on active duty for the Armed Forces. 1. • have been serving in the Armed Forces outside the United States but are a legal resident of Illinois. You may drive the first 45 days of your return without any license.
True or False 17 . To find out about these classes. The interpreter may be a family member or friend. Simply present a police report at a driver services facility to obtain a free duplicate license. • free special photo identification cards for persons with disabilities who meet eligibility requirements. Persons age 87 and older pay nothing for their annual license.Special Services The Secretary of State’s office provides special services for senior citizens. The classes are offered to anyone preparing to take a driver’s license test. Chapter One Study Question 1. You must successfully complete an approved crash prevention class. Persons age 69 to 80 pay $5 for a four-year license. • interpreter service for deaf or hard of hearing. A signed examination. If you are over age 55. persons with disabilities. Individuals may be assisted by an interpreter when obtaining or renewing their drivers’ licenses. • auto insurance discounts. please obtain a CDL Study Guide available at any driver services facility. You must file a Circuit Breaker application with the Department of Revenue each year. increased reporting requirements and sanctions for truck and bus drivers. For more information about these special services. Those age 81 to 86 pay $2 for a two-year license. contact the Department of Senior and Community Services at (800) 252-2904 (voice and TDD). A licensed driver in the State of Illinois is required by law to notify the Secretary of State’s office within 10 days of a change of name or address by writing the office or by visiting a driver services facility.000. If you qualify. contact your auto insurance company. The Commercial Driver’s License (CDL) The federally mandated commercial driver’s license program provides thorough testing. For more information. the Secretary of State’s office will send you a discount card. • reduced license plate renewal fees for seniors 65 years of age and older and persons with disabilities whose annual household income is under $16. can be arranged by calling the toll-free number listed below. The Secretary of State’s office will also administer the written test in sign language. • free photo identification cards for persons age 65 and over. you may receive a reduction in your vehicle liability insurance. which must be scheduled two weeks in advance. Other drivers and nondrivers may receive a photo identification card for $4. • reduced driver’s license fees. and veterans: • free Rules of the Road review classes. • free duplicate drivers’ licenses for persons age 60 and older whose licenses are stolen. • license plates and placards for persons with disabilities (see page 31).
Contact your local election authority if cards are not received within 45 days. Then you must always wear your glasses or contact lenses when you drive. If you need to wear glasses or contact lenses. You are allowed three attempts to pass each of these within one year from the date you paid your application fee. ophthalmologist or physician. driver services personnel will ask if you intend to sign an organ donor card and wish to be a part of the organ donor registry. you will be asked questions about your general health and will take vision screening. Forms for this report are available at your local driver services facility. written and driving tests. An application will be generated for the applicant to complete and the office will forward the completed application to their local election authority for processing.Chapter Two: The Driver’s License Tests When you apply for your driver’s license. 18 . It is important to discuss your wishes with your family as final permission must be granted by next of kin. Voter Registration Driver Services personnel ask all applicants if they wish to register to vote under the National Voter Registration Act. The registry does not replace. The Vision Screening Your vision will be screened to determine if you see well enough to drive. but supplements. Qualified applicants who apply for renewal through the Safe Driver Renewal Program may request a Motor Voter information packet to be sent to them to complete and mail to their local election authority. Drivers with acuity between 20/41 and 20/70 are limited to daylight driving only. The information for the written test is given in this manual. The local election authority will process the applications and mail the voter registration cards. This screening is not a professional eye exam. The registry helps document your intention to become an organ donor. Here is some information you should know about vision restrictions: • The minimum requirement for visual acuity is 20/40 acuity with or without corrective lenses. a restriction will be noted on your license. the organ donor card on the back of the driver’s license or identification card. In place of this screening. you may submit a vision specialist report completed by a licensed optometrist. This chapter will give you information on the following: • Organ Tissue Donor Central Registry • voter registration • the vision screening • the written test • the driving test Organ Tissue Donor Central Registry When you apply for or renew your driver’s license or identification card. Please note: you will not be eligible to vote if you register within 30 days of a primary or general election.
you may obtain an operator’s manual from any driver services facility. No one but the examiner will be with you during the test. which will allow you to drive passenger cars. You and the examiner are required to wear safety belts during the driving test. • answer multiple choice and true/false questions about traffic laws. If you apply for a license to drive a motorcycle. You will automatically fail the test if you violate any traffic law or commit any dangerous action while taking your test. Check your vehicle controls. which will allow you to operate passenger cars. The vehicle must be driven to the facility by a driver who has a valid license or permit. • back the vehicle. 4. There will be additional questions for other classifications. During the basic test. 9. 6. The Driving Test The driving test will allow you to demonstrate your ability to drive. The vehicle. must comply with the Illinois Mandatory Insurance law. are taken from the information given in this manual.• You must have at least 140 degree peripheral vision (the ability to see to the side) to have a license without restrictions. Studying these questions will help you prepare for the test. Study the manual before taking the test. If the vehicle is registered in Illinois. at a slow speed. If you need more information. you must meet special requirements and undergo additional testing to receive your license. truck or bus. The study questions that appear at the end of each chapter are similar to questions that are included on the driver’s license written test. contact your local driver services facility. 19 . If the vehicle is registered outside of Illinois. accident prevention and vehicle equipment (Chapters 3. such as parking brake and mirrors. The Written Test The questions for the basic written test. You will back the vehicle about 50 ft. You must provide a vehicle that is licensed and properly equipped for the driver’s license classification you are seeking. safety rules. you will be graded on your ability to do the following: • start the vehicle. mirrors and other equipment before you move your vehicle. This is with or without corrective lenses. • identify signals and pavement markings (Chapter 8). The test requires you to: • identify traffic signs by shape. All the required equipment listed in Chapter 11 must be working properly. Written and driving tests vary for different classifications of drivers’ licenses. please bring someone along to take care of them. Make all adjustments to seats. 11). unless exempt. color or symbol (Chapter 7). safety belts. it must meet the registration requirements of the respective state. If you bring children with you. it must display valid license plates as required by Illinois law. 10. • If you wear telescopic lenses.
Turn your head to the right and watch to the rear as you back. let your vehicle roll against the curb. You must obey all signs. Set your parking brake or put the gear selector in “Park. Release the parking brake. Turn your left signal on before turning into the alley. it should not roll into traffic.” If there is no curb or a low curb. When it is safe.” If your vehicle rolls. Back the car out of the alley and stay on your side of the center of the street. Drivers who have vision restrictions noted on their drivers’ licenses must always wear glasses or contacts when driving. Stop your vehicle parallel to the side of the road. Set the parking brake or place the gear selector in “Park. Set the parking brake or put the gear selector in “Park. turn your wheels toward the side of the road on which you are parked. Release your parking brake and relieve pressure on your tires by backing a little. You will turn around by using an alley on the left side of the street. Look for oncoming traffic. it should not roll into traffic. Signal to the side of the road where you wish to park. Turn your wheels from the side of the road and use your turn signal. park downhill. When there is a curb. turn the front wheels sharply away from the curb. pull slowly onto the street. Turn on the signal for the side of the road on which you are going to park.” If your vehicle rolls. give the correct signal and look back. Care must be taken to observe lane markings and give turn signals correctly. If there is a curb against which you can wedge your front wheel. Whether there is a curb or not. A driver may commit one traffic law violation during the driving portion of the driver’s license exam and pass. turn about. When it is safe. park uphill. control your vehicle. start downhill.• • • • • • straight and smoothly. True or False 2. Chapter Two Study Questions 1. always turn the wheels toward the side of the road where you are parked. start uphill. pull slowly out onto the street. True or False 20 . controls and rights-of-way. Stop the vehicle parallel to the road. Your vehicle will roll against the curb.
Anyone found guilty of disobeying this law may have to pay up to $75 for the fine and court costs. All passengers in the back seat(s) under the age of 18 must wear seat belts. provided that each passenger is in a properly secured safety belt. firefighter or uniformed adult school crossing guard who is directing traffic. Proper adjustment is important. The shoulder strap should be as snug as possible and yet allow the driver to reach important controls. Children under six years of age are covered by the Child Passenger Protection Act. All passengers in the front seat must wear safety belts. Adjust the shoulder strap so that it is comfortable and does not cross the body at or near the neck or face. and parking additional laws Passenger Safety Laws Safety Belt Law Safety belts (seat belts) must be worn by all drivers and front seat passengers six years of age and over even if the vehicle has air bags. It should never be positioned across the stomach or soft part of the abdomen. In a second division vehicle. Exceptions are motorcycles and second division vehicles containing only a front seat. It is important to remember that everyone must obey the orders of a police officer. Violators of this law may have to pay up to $75 in fines and court costs. standing. Properly worn seat belts are an extremely important part of operator and passenger safety and have been proven effective in reducing incidents of serious injury or death. It is the responsibility of the driver to see that all front seat passengers ages 6 to 16 obey this law. more than one passenger is allowed.Chapter Three: Traffic Laws The purpose of traffic laws is to protect all those who share our streets and highways. If the driver is under age 18. the number of passengers is limited to one in the front seat and to the number of safety belts in the back seat(s). The lap belt should be worn across the hip bones. Wearing 21 . In this chapter you will read about: • • • • • • • • • • passenger safety laws speed right-of-way passing lane usage signaling and turning special stops parking prohibited stopping.
Rear-facing infant seats should be secured in the back seat of the vehicle. booster seat or correct fitting lap/shoulder belt with the seat back as far as possible. A distance of 10-12 inches between the driver and the air bag is desirable. Children riding in the front seat can be seriously injured or killed when an air bag deploys in a crash. Therefore. or pregnant drivers. Children four and five years old may be secured either in a safety seat or with a safety belt. Short drivers may use foot pedal extenders. You may drive at the maximum allowable speed only under safe conditions. If a child over one year old must ride in the front seat with a passenger-side air bag.) on rural interstate type highways where posted. a minimum speed limit may be posted along certain roadways.h. For safety purposes. When minimum limits are not posted. especially for short. Child Passenger Protection Act The Child Passenger Protection Act requires the use of approved safety seats by children under age four. The maximum speed limit on most other highways is 55 m. Any person transporting a child under age four is responsible for the child’s safety.the shoulder strap tucked under the arm or behind the back is dangerous and can cause serious injury or death.p.p. Passengers should position their seats as far back as possible. Speed The maximum speed limit in Illinois is 65 miles per hour (m.h. Rear-Facing Infant or Convertible Seats Convertible Seats Booster Seat Lap/Shoulder Belt Air Bag Safety Air bags are designed to provide supplemental protection in combination with lap and shoulder belts. it is recommended that children under age 12 ride buckled in the back seat — with small children in safety seats approved for their age and size. he or she should be in a front-facing child safety seat. elderly.h.p. tilting the seat back slightly if necessary. but special precautions should be taken when driving in air bag-equipped vehicles. 22 . The maximum speed limit for second division vehicles is 55 m. drivers should not drive so much slower than the maximum limit that they interfere with the normal movement of traffic. Air bags are lifesaving devices. Children under age four must be properly secured in an approved child safety seat.
Drivers must be aware that there may always be dangers present due to pedestrians. • when approaching a YIELD sign. 15 m. stop before the crosswalk. traffic. Intersections must not be blocked. mechanical problems or road conditions. Legal Speed Limits Rural Areas City and Town Areas Alleys School Zones 55 m. • when making a right turn on a red light after a stop. • after coming to a complete stop at an intersection where there is a stop sign or flashing red signal. You should slow down or stop to avoid an accident. approaching the top of a hill or traveling on a narrow and winding roadway. • when making a left turn on a red light after a stop from a one-way street to another one-way street with traffic moving to the left.h. you may finish your turn even though the light turns red. A driver must yield: • when police or emergency vehicles are using sirens or flashing lights. The vehicle on the left should yield to the vehicle on the right. and 4 p. 23 . • when two vehicles on different roadways reach an uncontrolled intersection at the same time.p. If there is no stop line. the vehicle on the left should yield to the vehicle on the right. if necessary. When two vehicles on different roadways arrive at a four-way stop intersection at the same time. • even after the light turns green when there are vehicles in the intersection.h. • to oncoming traffic when making a left-hand turn.m. stop at a place where all approaching traffic can be seen. when children are present and signs are posted) (unless otherwise posted) (unless otherwise posted) Right-of-Way Right-of-way laws tell all drivers who goes first in different situations. (school days between 7 a. Care also must be taken when going around a curve. If there is no crosswalk or stop line.p.The driver must take care to slow down when approaching and crossing an intersection.p. The driver must pull to the right-hand edge of the roadway and stop.m. If you enter an intersection while the light is green.h. 30 m. The first driver to stop should be the first to go. Proceed only after stopping and yielding to all pedestrians and other vehicles in the intersection. To yield means a driver gives the right-of-way to another driver or pedestrian. You must increase or decrease speed to avoid an accident. • to through traffic when approaching a MERGE sign. • when more than one driver reaches a four-way stop intersection. 20 m. weather.p.h.
rotating or flashing lights. Give another driver who is not following the rules of the road the right-of-way in order to avoid an accident. • when a funeral procession enters an intersection with its lights on. building. Yielding the right-of-way can help prevent accidents and save lives. Drivers who are not part of a funeral procession–except for emergency vehicles– are not allowed to break into the line unless they are authorized to do so by a traffic officer. A driver who is not in the procession may overtake and pass the procession if he or she can without causing an accident or interfering with the procession. Right-of-way is something that is given to others on the roadway. You should always drive defensively. • to any authorized vehicle engaged in construction or maintenance of a highway that is displaying amber (yellow) oscillating. "A" and "B" Yield to "C" Because "C" Arrived at Intersection First "A" Yields to "B" Before Turning from One-Way Street onto One-Way Street Moving Left "A" Yields to "B" Because "B" is on Right "B" Yields to "A" Before Entering Roadway from Alley or Driveway "B" Yields to "A" at "T" Intersection with no Signs or Signals 24 . • to cross traffic when on the terminating highway of a “T” intersection with no traffic control signs or signals. The lead vehicle of the procession must obey stop signs and traffic signals. But when the lead vehicle has crossed an intersection. private road or driveway after coming to a complete stop.• when emerging from an alley. the following vehicles in the procession may cross cautiously without stopping.
• within 100 ft. of an intersection or railroad crossing. of any bridge. Passing A driver should use caution when passing another vehicle. • to persons with physical disabilities or who are deaf or hard of hearing. • to pedestrians when leaving or entering a street or highway from an alley. viaduct or tunnel.Pedestrian Right-of-Way The driver and the pedestrian are both responsible for traffic safety. The driver you are passing must not increase speed until you have completed your passing. 25 . • to persons working on highway construction or in a maintenance area. the left lane should be clearly seen and be free of oncoming traffic for a distance great enough to permit passing. Do not turn back into the right-hand lane until you can see the car you have just passed in your rearview mirror. • when the pedestrian is walking with a green light. • when making a turn at any intersection. Drivers must yield: • when the pedestrian is in a marked or unmarked crosswalk on your side of the roadway and there are no traffic control signals. Here are laws that require a driver to give the right-of-way or yield to a pedestrian. • when making a lawful turn on a red light. • when the pedestrian entered the crosswalk before the traffic light changed. • after coming to a complete stop at a STOP sign or flashing red signal at an intersection. You must return to your lane before you get within 200 ft. • when the view is blocked within 100 ft. When crossing the road with a guide dog or a cane. • when on a one-way street or on a roadway with two or more clear lanes in each direction. and when the vehicle you are passing is making or is about to make a left turn. building. to a “walking person” symbol or to a “walk” signal. On a two-lane highway. • on a hill or curve where it is not possible to see oncoming vehicles. after coming to a complete stop. of an oncoming vehicle. Persons operating motorized wheelchairs on a sidewalk or roadway are also granted all rights as pedestrians. Passing on a two-lane. • when at an intersection widened for this purpose. persons who are blind or visually impaired have the right-of-way. You may pass on the right but not on the shoulder: • when you have enough room on a two-lane roadway. two-way roadway is not allowed: • in an area marked for no passing by a solid yellow line on your side of the center of the roadway or a DO NOT PASS or NO PASSING ZONE sign. private road or driveway.
Under Illinois law. • when directed to drive in a left lane by traffic control signs and signals on a multi-lane. all school zones are no passing zones. • in any school zone. • upon a roadway restricted to one-way traffic. • when crossing the center line to make a left turn into or from an alley. private road or driveway. • When a school bus has stopped to load or discharge passengers. 26 . Bridge. Driving off the pavement or main traveled part of the road is not allowed when passing another vehicle on the right or the left. Tunnel. • upon a roadway divided into three marked lanes for traffic.• when a vehicle has stopped at a crosswalk or intersection to allow a pedestrian to cross. Lane Usage Do Not Pass — Black Car is Breaking the Law No Passing Zone Curve Hill Railroad. two-way highway. • when a blockage makes it necessary to drive to the left of the center line. Viaduct You must drive on the right half of the roadway except: • when passing another vehicle moving in the same direction on a two-lane highway. You may drive on the left after yielding to oncoming traffic.
A driver may turn left across a paved dividing-space unless not permitted by a traffic control sign or signal. Drivers may signal in two ways: • Electrical turn signals: Flash the right turn signal for a right turn and the left turn signal for a left turn. – Yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and vehicles in the intersection. before turning. To slow down or stop. before turning. 27 . • It is unlawful to drive across median strips such as unpaved strips or median barriers.Additional rules apply to some vehicles in certain situations: • Slow vehicles must use the right-hand lane except when passing or making a left turn. • Weaving from lane to lane in order to move faster than the traffic flow is unlawful. For a right turn. This rule does not apply to police and emergency vehicles using sirens or flashing lights. For a left turn. the hand and arm are extended down. – Check traffic approaching from the left. • Traffic must travel in the direction of posted one-way streets or roadways. Signaling and Turning Signaling In a business or residential area you must give a continuous turn signal for at least 100 ft. In other areas the signal must be given at least 200 ft. the driver’s hand and arm are extended straight out to the left. the hand and arm are extended straight up. – Obey traffic signs and signals. • Hand and arm signals: Signals should be given with your left arm. • A driver must not enter or leave any controlled-access roadway except at a posted entrance or exit. Right Turn Left Turn Slow or Stop Turning • RIGHT TURNS: There are certain steps to follow when a driver wants to turn right: – Give a right-turn signal from the proper turning lane.
– Complete the turn into the lane closest to you going in your intended direction. When you move your vehicle from the left-hand lane to the right-hand lane. Give the right turn 28 One-Way . – Check all approaching traffic. turn your head to check traffic behind you and on your right. • CHANGING LANES: When you move from lane to lane. Stay as close as possible to the curb.Two-Way Two-Way One-Way One-Way One-Way – Follow the general curve of the curb as you make the right turn. you must follow certain steps. – Be aware that trucks and buses may need more space to make a righthand turn. Give the left turn signal. turn your head to check traffic behind you and on your left. then carefully move into the left lane. – Yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and vehicles in the intersection. When you move your vehicle from the right-hand lane to the left-hand lane. – Point the wheels straight ahead until you actually start to turn. – Obey traffic signs and signals. • LEFT TURNS: The following steps apply to a driver who wants to turn left: – Give a left turn signal from the proper turning lane. – Turn into the right-hand lane of the roadway you are entering.
but you should All Lanes on This Side Must Stop drive cautiously.signal. You may also proceed when the flashing lights are turned off and the stop signal arm is no longer extended. • U-TURNS: Care must be taken when making a U-Turn. A warning will be given at least 100 ft. You do not need to stop if you are traveling in the opposite direction of the Four or More Lane Roadwaybus. 29 . Special Stops School Buses You must stop before meeting or overtaking a school bus loading or unloading passengers. • HAZARD SIGNAL: Both turn signals may be flashed at the same time to indicate a disabled or parked vehicle. in all directions. The stop signal arm will be extended after the school bus has come to a complete stop. The bus driver will flash amber and red lights on the front and rear of the bus. You may proceed when the school bus resumes motion or the bus driver signals you to do so. Municipalities may prohibit U-turns on some roadways. Two Lane RoadwayYou do not always Both Vehicles Must Stop need to stop when meeting a stopped school bus on a road-way with four or more lanes. barricades and pavement markings when turning or changing lanes. • TWO-WAY LEFT TURN LANES: The two-way left turn lane provides a safe area for cars making left turns at intersections or for cars turning left into or out of a drive located in the middle of the block. then carefully move into the right lane. You must not turn around on curves and hills unless you can see for at least 500 ft. You must then come to a complete stop. It is against the law to flash turn signals as a courtesy or “do pass” signal to other drivers. in rural areas) in advance of a stop. • TURNS AND LANE CHANGES IN CONSTRUCTION ZONES: Give special attention to signs. (200 ft.
stop at a point nearest the street or roadway where there is a view of approaching traffic. After stopping. you must turn the wheels toward the side of the road on which you are parked. from the nearest rail when a STOP sign is posted or a signal is given either electrically or by a flagperson. or driveway. building. yield the right-of-way to pedestrians and all vehicles. If there is no sidewalk. When the train has passed. set the brake and remove the key from the ignition. you must stop the engine.Your driving privileges will be suspended for three months if you are convicted of illegally passing a stopped school bus. If you receive two such convictions within five years. Violation of the railroad crossing provision will result in a mandatory $500 fine or 50 hours of community service. lock the ignition. • HILL PARKING: If you park on a street with curbing and your vehicle is heading downhill. You must also stop if the crossing gate is lowered or when an approaching train gives a warning signal. If you park your vehicle headed uphill. Here are conditions that require special attention. In addition to the suspensions. your driving privileges will be suspended for one year.” Down Hill Up Hill With Curb Up Hill Without Curb Turn Wheels to Curb Turn Wheels from Curb Turn Wheels to Right 30 . you must turn the front wheels toward the curb. check all tracks for additional trains. Remain stopped until it is safe to proceed. private road. you must turn the front wheels away from the curb. If you park on a street without curbing and your vehicle is heading downhill or uphill. violators will be fined $150 for a first conviction and $500 for a second or subsequent conviction. Railroad Crossings You must always stop between 15 and 50 ft. you must set the parking brake or put the gear selector in “Park. In either situation. Alleys and Driveways In urban areas drivers must come to a complete stop before entering the sidewalk area when moving out of an alley. Parking When you park.
• at any place where official signs prohibit stopping. including crossovers. you must park so that the right-hand wheels are parallel to and within 12 inches of the curb. They are part of the reserved spaces and are not to be FI E parked in by anyone. Standing or parking a vehicle. Standing and Parking Stopping. crosswalk. standing or parking. in each direction. or within an intersection. You may also call (800) 252-2904 for information. Stopping. Special Plates Section. park in spaces reserved by an official sign. • beside or opposite any street excavation or obstruction if your vehicle would block traffic. whether occupied or not. • on any bridge. Vehicles must be parked in the direction in which traffic is moving. standing or parking is prohibited in all places. Springfield. if carrying such individuals. write to the Secretary of State. park within 12 inches of the right or left curb. On a one-way street or road. Howlett Building. 31 . Vehicle Services Department. standing or parking is prohibited: • on the roadway side of any parked vehicle (double parking). railroad track or within a highway tunnel. except limits of 30 minutes or less. you may stop and park only if there is a clear view for 200 ft. Such vehicles are exempt from payment of parking meter fees. • between a safety zone and the adjacent curb. A controlled access highway is one that you may enter or exit only at certain points. • ACCESSIBLE PARKING: Vehicles that display license plates or placards for persons with disabilities may. Striped areas on the pavement are designed as access areas. standing and parking regulations may be posted on signs. Illinois 62756. In an emergency. There are. Illegally parking in reserved spaces will $100 N result in a $100 fine. however.• PARALLEL PARKING: When parking on streets with two-way traffic. • in the area between roadways of a divided highway. statewide regulations that are not always indicated by signs. Local stopping. • on a paved roadway or highway outside business or residential districts when it is practical to stop or park off the roadway. • on any controlled access highway. overpass. They also are exempt from time limits. To apply for license plates or parking placards for persons with disabilities. is prohibited: • in front of a public or private driveway. Prohibited Stopping. • on a sidewalk. Turn on your emergency flashers and make sure there is enough space for other vehicles to pass.
Additional Laws Do Not: • drive on a sidewalk except when it is part of a driveway. is prohibited: • within 50 ft. the distance between the two cars should not exceed 15 feet. • wear a headset while driving. Headlights on parked vehicles must be dimmed. that allows the wearer to hear or receive electronic communications. Backing is prohibited unless it is done safely and does not interfere with other vehicles. enter an intersection or drive within a marked crosswalk unless there is enough space to allow passage of other vehicles. • drive over fire hoses unless permitted by the fire official in command. motor-driven cycle and moped operators may use intercom helmets that permit drivers and/or passengers to speak to one another. In most cases. • push a vehicle on a rural highway unless there is an emergency and it should be removed to avoid a hazard. other than a hearing aid. • open doors on the side of a vehicle on which traffic is moving unless it can be done safely and without interfering with traffic. Motorcycle. 32 . • overload a vehicle with passengers or freight so that the driver’s view is obstructed. No more than three persons should ride in the front seat of a vehicle. • ride in a house trailer while it is being moved on a street or highway. pedestrians or railroad trains. of a fire hydrant. tape player or disc player) at a volume that can be heard 75 feet or more from a vehicle being driven on a highway. of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing. • within 30 ft.• within 15 ft. Parking a vehicle. • operate or permit to be operated any sound system (radio. YIELD sign or traffic control signal. of a STOP sign. • drive onto a railroad crossing. of a fire station driveway or crosswalk at an intersection. • back up on any shoulder or roadway of any controlled access highway. • tow one vehicle with another except by a drawbar. The door may remain open only long enough to load or unload passengers. whether occupied or not. Headsets are defined as any device. • within 20 ft. • remove a wrecked or damaged vehicle from the roadway without removing all glass and other debris. A towed vehicle also should be coupled to the towing vehicle with two chains or cables. • between sunset and sunrise unless parking lights are displayed in front and rear or you are within an urban district where lights are not required.
True or False 3. Monroe and St. McHenry. call (847) 758-3400. Parts of Kane. Madison. Clair. When on a two-lane roadway. True or False 5. Lake. Chapter Three Study Questions 1. When passing another vehicle. The suspension can be terminated only when the IEPA provides evidence that you have complied with the law. Will. and in the East St. DuPage. Kendall. What is the penalty for being convicted of illegally passing a stopped school bus? a) three-month suspension of driving privileges and a $150 fine b) 60-day suspension of driving privileges c) $30 fine and 14-day suspension of driving privileges 33 . After making a proper stop and yielding to traffic or pedestrians within the intersection.Vehicle Emission Testing Vehicle emission testing is required in certain areas in Illinois. a driver should wait until the car the driver just passed is visible in the rearview mirror before turning back into the righthand lane. the driver should pull to the right-hand edge of the roadway and stop. it is permissible for drivers on a one-way street to turn left at a red light onto another one-way street that moves traffic to the left. In the Chicago Metro area. then back up from the intersection 4. How should a driver proceed if within an intersection waiting to make a left turn and the traffic signal light turns red? a) Wait in the intersection until the light turns green b) Yield to oncoming traffic and finish your turn c) Make sure it’s clear. All inquiries relating to the Vehicle Emission Testing Program should be directed to the IEPA. Vehicle emission testing is required in the following counties: all of Cook. drivers must stop their vehicles when approaching a stopped school bus with its red warning lights flashing and its stop signal arm extended. If you move from the area in which testing is required. call (800) 635-2380. you should notify the IEPA. When an authorized vehicle using its sirens and flashing lights approaches a vehicle. Failure to comply will result in the suspension of driving privileges and/or vehicle registration. True or False 6. Louis Metro area. The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency (IEPA) is required by law to notify owners of the scheduled test month and year for their vehicle. True or False 2. if necessary.
private road.7. True or False 13. A driver must give the right or left turn signal when changing lanes. Slow vehicles should use the left-hand lane except when passing or making a left turn? True or False 34 . Speed should be reduced below the posted speed limit for which of the following reasons? a) Driver is driving in unfavorable weather conditions b) Driver is approaching and crossing an intersection c) Both of the above 17. True or False 14. What should drivers do when approaching a construction area? a) Increase their speed to get out of the way quickly b) Slow down and yield the right-of-way c) Honk their horn several times to alert individuals working in the area of their presence Drivers must yield to pedestrians in an unmarked crosswalk. True or False 10. A driver may proceed immediately when waiting at an intersection and the traffic signal light turns green. A driver may pass another vehicle by driving on the shoulder of the road. building. True or False 8. True or False 9. True or False It is permissible for anyone to wear a headset while driving. 15. For what distance should a continuous turn signal be given when making a left or right turn in a business or residential district? a) Not less than 50 feet before turning b) Not less than 75 feet before turning c) Not less than 100 feet before turning 12. 16. drivers moving out of an alley. It is permissible to make a right turn against a red signal light after stopping and yielding to other vehicles and pedestrians. In urban areas. or driveway need not come to a complete stop before entering the roadway if the roadway is clear of traffic. True or False 11.
two-way roadway within 100 feet of an intersection or railroad crossing. True or False 23. Drivers may open car doors on the side on which traffic is moving only when it can be done safely and without interfering with traffic.m. True or False 20. All vehicles are required to stop within how many feet of the nearest rail of a railroad crossing when a train is approaching? a) between 15 and 50 feet b) between 5 and 10 feet c) 10 feet 21.m.18. When must a driver slow down for a school zone? a) School days between 7 a. when children are present and signs are posted b) Weekends c) Only during recess 19. drivers may not break into the line of a funeral procession. Only vehicles having special plates or placards and carrying persons with disabilities may park in spaces reserved for them by an official PARKING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES sign. Unless authorized to do so. and 4 p. It is permissible to pass on a two-lane. True or False 22. True or False 35 .
Chapter Four: DUI The evidence is clear. Your BAC can be affected by: • the amount you drink. Liquor 36 . Beer 5 oz. Twelve ounces of beer. Time is the only way to remove the effects of alcohol. Other things affect your reaction to alcohol.08 percent and your driving ability is impaired. Food. It is illegal to drive if your BAC is . • time.08 percent or greater. blood or urine. 12 oz. These include food eaten. Do not drink and drive. you can be convicted of DUI if your BAC is less than . Drivers who drink may make more mistakes. Included in this chapter is information you need to know about: • • • • • • • alcohol as a drug blood alcohol concentration (BAC) other drugs driving under the influence (DUI) laws drivers 21 and under DUI victims’ rights DUI prevention Alcohol as a Drug Alcohol is a drug that affects your overall driving ability. However. your tolerance of alcohol and any drugs you may have taken. coffee and showers do not speed up the elimination of alcohol from your body. Alcohol may make you overconfident and unable to concentrate (think) well. Alcohol affects your driving even if you are below the level of legal intoxication. five ounces of wine or one and one-half ounces of “hard” liquor contain the same amount of alcohol. heavier people have more blood and body fluids to dilute the alcohol. Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC) BAC is a measurement of the amount of alcohol in your system based on a test of your breath. Wine 1 1/2 oz. Alcohol is the number one killer on American roadways. Alcohol slows your reaction time so that it takes you longer to act in an emergency. Usually. Alcohol and driving do not mix. • your body weight or size. It affects your vision. Drinking even a small amount of alcohol increases your chances of having an accident.
Mixing even small amounts of alcohol with other drugs is very dangerous. other drugs and/ or intoxicating compounds. Driving Under the Influence (DUI) Laws Driving under the influence (DUI) is a very serious offense. your driving privileges will be suspended for at least six months. cold remedies. Others are marijuana. blood and/or urine tests to determine if you were drinking or using any other drug or intoxicating compound before or while driving. many other prescription and nonprescription drugs impair safe driving. Arrest and conviction for DUI can be embarrassing. you may be convicted of driving under the influence of alcohol. and legal fees can run thousands of dollars. If arrested and/or convicted. Your suspension begins on the 46th day from the notice date and may not be terminated until you pay the $60 reinstatement fee and your record is updated. cannabis (marijuana) or intoxicating compounds in your blood. Your car may be towed at your expense. If you are charged with DUI. cocaine. A doctor or registered nurse must perform the blood test. It is also illegal to operate a motor vehicle on Illinois highways with any trace of a controlled drug substance. These can include breath. Repeat arrests or convictions may result in greater penalties. If arrested. The officer will take your license at the time of the arrest and provide you with a temporary receipt allowing you to drive for 45 days. your privileges will be suspended for at least 12 months if you fail or 36 months if you refuse the test. • DUI CONVICTION: In addition to a Statutory Summary Suspension.Other Drugs In addition to alcohol. pain relievers and mood-changing drugs. cannabis (marijuana) or intoxicating compound in your body while operating a motor vehicle. You may have a qualified person of your own choosing administer more tests at your own expense.08 percent or more and/or any trace of a controlled drug substance. you automatically give your consent to submit to certain tests following arrest for DUI. morphine and amphetamines (pep pills). If you refuse to submit to testing. A $250 reinstatement fee is required for a second or subsequent suspension. costly and inconvenient. • STATUTORY SUMMARY SUSPENSION LAW: If you are arrested and found to have a BAC of . your driving privileges will be suspended for at least three months. You will be held there until bond is posted. If you are a second offender within a five-year period. your refusal to submit to testing may be used as evidence against you. LSD. You also may be fined up to 37 . The first DUI conviction will result in the loss of your license for a minimum of one year. a driver may lose driving privileges and also may be fined and/or imprisoned. heroin. you will be taken to a police station or county jail. hashish. Some of these drugs are: antihistamines. • IMPLIED CONSENT LAW: When driving on Illinois roadways.
If convicted of DUI while transporting a person under age 16. cannabis (marijuana) or intoxicating compound in your body. If you are a second offender within a five-year period. your driving privileges will be suspended for at least six months. If there is a second offense within one year. motor homes and limousines are exempt from this rule. Both driver and passengers may be issued a traffic citation. will result in the loss of your license for a minimum of 10 years. • TRAFFIC ACCIDENT SUSPENSION: If you. When your suspension terminates. Your suspension begins on the 46th day from the notice date and may not be terminated until you pay the $30 reinstatement fee and your record is updated. your driving privileges will be suspended for at least three months.500.500 and given a jail sentence of up to one year. If you refuse to submit to testing. A fourth conviction will result in the loss of your license for life. your privileges will be suspended for at least 12 months if you fail or 36 months if you refuse to test. are involved in a personal injury or fatal accident and found to have a BAC of . which is a class 4 felony. You also may be fined up to $2. You also will be sentenced to 48 hours in jail or 10 days of community service. your driving privileges will be suspended for at least six months. your driving privileges will be suspended for at least three months. If convicted. Passengers on chartered buses. you will lose your license for a minimum of five years. If you are convicted of a second DUI offense within 20 years. you must pay a $30 reinstatement fee. • ZERO TOLERANCE SUSPENSION: If you are under 21 and are arrested for any traffic violation and found to have a trace of alcohol in your system while operating a motor vehicle. your driver’s license will be suspended or revoked for one year. If you are a second offender. your privileges will be suspended for at least 12 months if you fail or 24 months if you refuse to test. If you were suspended prior to 38 . • ILLEGAL TRANSPORTATION OF AN ALCOHOLIC BEVERAGE: It is illegal for anyone to drink alcoholic beverages in a vehicle. Before your driving privileges are restored. Your suspension begins on the 46th day from the notice date. If you refuse to submit to testing. you will be fined a minimum of $500 and required to serve five days of community service in a program benefiting children.08 percent or more and/or any trace of a controlled substance. you may be fined up to $500. Any driver under age 21 also faces loss of driving privileges for the first conviction. A DUI also will subject you to high risk auto insurance rates for three years. a possible one to three years imprisonment and a fine of up to $25.$2.000. you will be required to undergo an alcohol and drug evaluation and successfully complete a rehabilitation or an alcohol and drug education program and/or meet other requirements. A third conviction. It is illegal to have alcohol in the passenger area of a vehicle if the container has been opened. as a driver.
If you are under age 21 and convicted of DUI: • the Secretary of State’s office will revoke your driving privileges for a minimum of two years. If convicted. A second DUI conviction will result in a license revocation for a minimum of five years or until you reach age 21. In addition. means you may be fined up to $25.000 and given a jail sentence of up to one year. A fourth DUI conviction will result in a lifetime revocation. which is a class 2 felony.000 and given a jail sentence of three to seven years. This license may be used between the hours of 5 a. whichever is longer. Under 21 licenses issued prior to digital licenses have a red border and a red photo background. In addition. the minimum legal drinking age is 21 years. which is a class 3 felony. Your license also will be suspended for conviction of illegal transportation or possession of alcohol. under no conditions will an RDP be issued until the age of 18. you may be fined up to $1. or as otherwise 39 . A third DUI conviction. penalties may include fines up to $2. will result in a minimum 10-year revocation. which is a class 4 felony. This means you may be fined up to $25.age 18. means you may be fined up to $25.000 and given a jail sentence of two to five years. A second conviction of this violation is a class 4 felony.m.m. the suspension or revocation will be extended. • ALLOWING SOMEONE UNDER THE INFLUENCE TO DRIVE YOUR VEHICLE: It is illegal for you to allow someone to drive your vehicle if you know that person is under the influence. Digital licenses for drivers under 21 are issued with a red header and a blue photo background. • the Secretary of State’s office may issue you a restricted license after one year.000 and given a jail sentence of up to one year and/or your driving privileges may be suspended under the Illinois Liquor Control Act. • PROVIDING ALCOHOL TO A PERSON UNDER AGE 21: If you are convicted of providing alcohol to a person under age 21. you will be required to successfully complete a driver remedial education course to make your driving privileges valid again. you may be fined up to $1. • DRIVING ON A SUSPENDED OR REVOKED LICENSE: If you are convicted of driving while your license is revoked or suspended. A third DUI conviction while suspended or revoked. you may be required to submit to a complete driver's license examination to be re-issued a driver’s license. A fourth DUI conviction while suspended or revoked. and 9 p. The words “UNDER 21” appear on both licenses.500 and imprisonment for up to one year. but. This offense carries a mandatory seven-day imprisonment or 30 days of community service.000 and given a jail sentence of one to three years. Drivers Under 21 In Illinois.
• CELEBRATE SAFELY: Participate in community and school events for teens promoting alcohol and drug-free activities. one antihistamine with a drink may double the effect of both. Judges are required to indicate “on the record” their reasons for sentencing offenders in DUI cases involving personal injury or death. Make sure intoxicated guests do not drive.500 and given a jail sentence of up to one year. • you may be fined up to $2. • DESIGNATE A DRIVER: Have one person in your group refrain from drinking alcoholic beverages to assure a safe trip home. • WEAR YOUR SAFETY BELT: It is your best defense in a DUI crash. It is valid for one year. • Zero Tolerance/Use It & Lose It Law will suspend the driving privileges of any person under age 21 who is caught driving with any trace of alcohol or drugs in his or her system. • you may be directed to participate in a Youthful Intoxicated Driver’s Visitation Program.provided. • DO NOT MIX ALCOHOL AND OTHER DRUGS: For example. • BE A RESPONSIBLE HOST: Stop serving drinks early. you would be evaluated again by the Secretary of State’s office. let a friend drive or call a cab. Victims of crashes involving personal injury or death have the right to: • Be notified of all court dates and of decisions made affecting the disposition of the case. 40 . • Present written statements and make oral comments during the sentencing hearing for a case involving personal injury or reckless homicide. DUI Victims’ Rights Each year many people are victims of DUI crashes. DUI Prevention Driving under the influence can be prevented by doing the following: • DO NOT DRINK AND DRIVE: If you drink alcohol. Then.
an individual’s driving privileges will be suspended for at least three months. 3. including undergoing an evaluation for alcohol and drug problems and paying a reinstatement fee. True or False 41 . driving privileges will be suspended for three months.08 or more.Chapter Four Study Questions 1. Drivers whose licenses have been revoked as a result of DUI must meet several requirements. True or False 2. Alcohol is the single greatest factor in fatal motor vehicle accidents. It is illegal for persons under 21 to drive with any trace of alcohol or drugs in their system. True or False 5. True or False What is the only effective way to remove alcohol from the body? a) Strong coffee b) Time c) Cold shower 4. If arrested and found to have a blood alcohol concentration of . True or False 6. If a driver is arrested and refuses to submit to testing. to regain their licenses.
If in a rural area. Do not attempt to give first aid unless you have been trained in it. Drive defensively and drive in peak mental and physical condition. a crash report must be filed by the driver of a vehicle if the crash involves death. 42 . This confidential report must be sent no later than 10 days after the crash. bodily injury or property damage over $500. phone numbers. well-lighted. a report must be made at the nearest police station as soon as possible. protect the person from traffic. • help an injured person if necessary or requested. if an officer is not at the scene of the crash. Crash Reports Regardless of fault. • someone should warn other drivers. Included in this chapter is important information about: • • • • • • • a crash checklist crash reports unattended vehicles leaving the scene of a crash the Safety Responsibility Law the Financial Responsibility Law crash prevention courses A Crash Checklist In the event of a crash: • stop your vehicle in a safe. using flares if available. addresses. In this chapter you will read about your responsibilities in the event of a crash. • a report also must be made to the Illinois Department of Transportation. • notify the nearest police station as quickly as possible. driver’s license numbers and license plate numbers. Therefore. the county sheriff or Illinois State Police must be notified. Contact a doctor or ambulance immediately. Then. The form can be obtained from a police officer or automobile insurance agency. Do not move an injured person unless absolutely necessary. • ask all those involved for their names. the passenger must make the report. To report a crash: • notify the police. First.Chapter Five: Traffic Crashes Many crashes can be avoided if drivers obey traffic laws. cover the injured person for comfort and to avoid shock. If the driver is unable to make the report and there is a passenger. public place. Many towns and cities require a report if a crash occurs within their limits.
• fill out all required crash reports.000 and given a prison sentence from one to three years. Leaving the Scene of a Crash Leaving the scene of a crash is a very serious offense. The Safety Responsibility Law When you are involved in a crash that causes personal injury. If a driver fails to report an accident for over one hour after it occurred. This is especially true if someone is killed or injured. The suspended driver’s license or registration privileges will remain suspended until the person gives proof of financial responsibility in the future and maintains this insurance for a period of three years from the date the proof is first filed. Also. address. the death of a person or more than $500 in damage to property. If you fail to report the crash. The Illinois Department of Transportation determines the amount of the security. • notify the police. you may be fined up to $2. This law requires you to be able to put up security (a guarantee of payment) if you do not have insurance coverage or another acceptable form of payment.Unattended Vehicles If you are involved in a crash that causes damage to an unattended vehicle (no driver or passenger is present) or other property: • stop your vehicle in an area away from traffic. A driver convicted of leaving the scene of a crash may be fined up to $2. The owner of the vehicle involved in the crash may also have all license plates and registration stickers suspended. If you do not have insurance coverage or the required security. If you were at fault in the crash. • leave your name. you must also meet the requirements of the Safety Responsibility Law. 43 . In these cases the Secretary of State’s office is required to revoke your driver’s license if the crash results in death or personal injury. you must file a crash report. he or she may be subject to a fine of up to $25. phone number and license plate number on the vehicle or property if you cannot find the owner.500 and given a jail sentence of up to one year.500 and given a jail sentence of up to one year. your driver’s license may be suspended until the case has been settled.000 damage to a vehicle. your driving privileges will be suspended if there is more than $1.
To obtain information about the location of the courses. Regardless of fault. the driver must file proof of financial responsibility with the Secretary of State’s office. you are required to file proof of financial responsibility. Before a driver can regain driving privileges after losing them because of an unsatisfied judgment suspension resulting from failure to pay for the damages from a crash. bodily injury or property damage over $500. True or False 44 . This proof can be in the form of a certificate of insurance (SR 22). or you receive court supervision for a mandatory insurance violation. True or False 2. Crash Prevention Courses If you are 55 or over. you may receive a reduction in your motor vehicle liability insurance if you successfully complete a crash prevention course. call toll-free (800) 252-2904.The Financial Responsibility Law If your license has been revoked for any reason. a crash report must be filed by the driver of a vehicle if the crash involves death. Chapter Five Study Questions 1. Contact your insurance agent to determine the amount of the reduction. suspended under the Safety Responsibility Law. a bond or a deposit of securities (such as stock certificates). suspended because you received an unsatisfied court judgment relating to a crash.
You will read about: • revocation • suspension • cancellation • denial • restricted driving permits • appearing in court • your driving record Revocation “Revocation” means that your driving privileges have been taken away indefinitely by the Secretary of State’s office. In addition. • DRAG RACING: You illegally raced with another vehicle. resulting in the death of another person. Notice is given accordingly. This chapter tells you what the law says about losing your driving privilege and being denied the ability to apply for a license or instruction permit. Suspension. • RECKLESS CONDUCT: Your reckless behavior involving a vehicle resulted in injury or danger to another person. unless otherwise noted. • LEAVING THE SCENE: You left the scene of a crash that killed or injured someone. for certain causes. you may be eligible to reapply for your license after a minimum of one year. 45 . • AGGRAVATED FLEEING THE POLICE: You drove away from the police when you were directed to stop. the privilege to apply for a driver’s license or instruction permit can be denied to an individual under the age of 18 for either a six-month period or until his or her 18th birthday. Denial and Cancellation Driving privileges can be temporarily withdrawn (suspended) for a specified time period. The Secretary of State’s office has the authority to revoke the driver’s license of a repeat traffic offender. Your driver’s license will be revoked if you are convicted of the following offenses: • RECKLESS HOMICIDE: You drove recklessly.Chapter Six: License Revocation. (minimum three-year revocation) • PERJURY: You gave false information to the Secretary of State. other drugs and/or intoxicating compounds. • RECKLESS DRIVING: You were convicted of three reckless driving offenses in 12 months. Revocation of your license is a very serious matter. permanently terminated (revoked) or cancelled. During the course of any revocation. • AUTO THEFT: You stole a motor vehicle or motor vehicle parts. • A FELONY OFFENSE: A vehicle was used while you committed a serious crime. To regain your driving privileges. (minimum two-year revocation) • DUI: You drove under the influence of alcohol. your vehicle registration may be suspended.
you may regain your driving privileges after your suspension has ended. two traffic violations within any 24-month period will result in a suspension. controlled drug substances or intoxicating compounds.08 percent or more or any trace of cannabis. • DRUG OR SEX OFFENSE: You committed a drug or sex crime while operating or in direct physical control of an automobile. If you receive a suspension for conviction of two traffic violations in a 24-month period while under the age of 21. 46 . If you are under 21 years old at the time of arrest. • ILLEGAL TRANSPORTATION OF ALCOHOL: You are convicted of illegally transporting alcohol twice in 12 months. • PARKING VIOLATIONS: You failed to satisfy a warrant for 10 or more unpaid parking violations in any municipality.Suspension “Suspension” means that you have temporarily lost your driving privileges. • FRAUDULENT LICENSE/APPLICATION: You possessed. you may be eligible to receive a restricted driving permit. you will be required to successfully complete a driver remedial education course to make your driving privileges valid again. you may be required to submit to a complete driver’s license examination to be re-issued a driver’s license. In addition. If you are under age 18. Your driver’s license may also be suspended under the following conditions: • TRAFFIC CRASHES: You were convicted for refusal or neglect to report a traffic accident. • SCHOOL BUS VIOLATIONS: You failed to stop as required by law for a school bus that was picking up or dropping off children. The length of the suspension will vary according to the seriousness of the traffic offenses. If your driver’s license is suspended for conviction of three traffic violations within a 12-month period. The Secretary of State's office will notify you if you are eligible. you may be eligible for a probationary license or occupational driving permit. • DRUG/ALCOHOL TEST FAILURE: A test following your DUI arrest revealed a blood alcohol concentration of . Your driver’s license will be suspended if you are convicted of three traffic violations committed within any 12 months. • ILLEGAL TRANSPORTATION OF ALCOHOL: You were convicted of illegally transporting alcohol and you were under age 21. • UNINSURED CRASHES: You were uninsured at the time of a crash in which you were determined to be at fault and for which you owe damages. When the suspension is for a specific length of time. • DRUG/ALCOHOL TEST REFUSAL: You refused testing for drugs or alcohol after being arrested for DUI in Illinois or another state. your driver’s license will not be returned until you meet a requirement of Illinois law. In other cases. displayed or attempted to use a fraudulent license and/or submitted a fraudulent application.
failure to submit a medical or vision report when required. This denial only forbids application for a driver’s license. Instruction permit applications are still allowed. in certain instances.• FAILURE TO APPEAR VIOLATIONS: You failed to appear for any traffic citation. (Limited areas of testing. an instruction permit. Such a denial forbids application for a driver’s license until the person’s 18th birthday. If the person already has a driver’s license.failing to appear for a required reexamination. • Reexamination Requirement . • EMISSIONS VIOLATIONS: The Illinois Environmental Protection Agency reported to this office that you failed to respond to auto emissions testing. • Fraudulent application . while application for an instruction permit is still allowed. failure to self-admit to a medical condition that may interfere with the safe operation of a motor vehicle. • Ineligible . • A conviction for a serious moving violation.) • FAILURE TO PAY CHILD SUPPORT: You failed to pay court-ordered child support. A denial for this type of offense precludes application for either a driver's license or an instruction permit until the person’s 18th birthday.committed a fraudulent offense in the making of an application. Cancellation “Cancellation” means the annulment or termination by formal action of the Secretary of a person’s driver’s license or permit because of some error or defect in the license or because the licensee is no longer entitled to such license. Reapplication for a driver’s license can be made only after the terms of the cancellation have been met. then the driving privilege granted by that license is reduced to being the privilege granted by an instruction permit. Denial “Denial” means that you are temporarily denied the privilege of applying for a driver’s license and. 47 . If the person already has a driver’s license. • A conviction for driving without a valid driver’s license or permit (no valid license). The length of this type of denial is either six months or until the person's 18th birthday. Your driver’s license may be cancelled for the following reason(s): • Medical Condition .not entitled to the license or permit.being medically or visually unfit to safely operate a motor vehicle. A denial can only be entered to the driving record of an individual under the age of 18 for conviction of one of the following offenses: • A conviction that results in a mandatory revocation of driving privileges (see page 44 for a list of such offenses). whichever is shorter. failing a portion of the test required on a mandatory reexamination.
then the driving privilege granted by that license is reduced to being the privilege granted by an instruction permit. a restricted driving permit may be issued to drivers age 16 or older to allow limited driving privileges for employment. More information on restricted driving permits is available from the Administrative Hearings Department. Illinois 62756. Under Illinois law. Springfield. it must be convinced that the driver receiving the permit does not pose a threat to the safety of others on the roadway. Before the Secretary of State’s office will issue an RDP. Probationary License A probationary license is a conditional license issued in conjunction with a driver improvement activity that grants full driving privileges during a period of suspension. you may be eligible for a restricted driving permit (RDP). Judicial driving permits have the same restrictions and provisions as restricted driving permits. other drugs and/or intoxicating compounds (DUI). following a circuit judge's order. A statutory summary suspension second offender who refused or failed to complete a chemical test is eligible to apply for this type of driving relief two years from the effective date of the suspension. 210 Howlett Building. education or medical care. Judicial Driving Permits This permit is issued. Serious moving violations are: – motor vehicle crash with damage to a vehicle – failure to stop after crash involving property damage – illegal transportation of alcohol – operating a motor vehicle without a valid license or permit (including being in violation of curfew hours) – failure to stop and exchange information or give aid after a crash involving personal injury or death – speeding 30 mph or more above limit – reckless driving – passing in a no-passing zone – illegal backing on a controlled access highway – driving on left side of roadway in a no-passing zone – failure to yield the right-of-way to a pedestrian at an intersection – failure to yield to a pedestrian on a sidewalk – failure to stop for an approaching railroad train or ignoring activated crossing signals – any similar out-of-state violation comparable to the offenses above Restricted Driving Permits If your license is suspended or revoked by the Secretary of State’s office. 48 . to a first offender age 18 or older serving a statutory summary suspension following an arrest for driving while under the influence of alcohol.
Your Driving Record The Secretary of State’s office keeps records of the traffic violations and accidents you accumulate while you are a resident of Illinois. An Illinois driver ticketed in another state that is a member of the Non-Resident Violator Compact has two options: 1) stay in the ticketing state and argue the case or pay the fine or 2) sign a promise to comply with the traffic ticket. your driver’s license will be returned. Failure to comply with the signed promise to appear will result in suspension by the home state motor vehicle department. True or False 49 . to a driver who has been suspended under the Family Financial Responsibility Law for nonpayment of court-ordered child support. following a circuit judge’s order. If you fail to pay the ticket or to appear in court. No permit will be issued to a person under the age of 16 years who possesses an instruction permit. This promise allows the driver to continue the journey and handle the ticket by mail from home. If your driver’s license was posted and you pay the ticket before the first court date. it will be included on your record as though it happened in Illinois. If you are not a resident of Illinois and you are convicted of an immediate action traffic violation in Illinois. a bond card or a valid driver’s license. You may purchase a copy of your driving record at any full-time driver services facility for a fee of $6. An individual’s driving privileges may be suspended under which of the following conditions? a) Three reckless driving offenses in 12 months b) Drag racing c) Illegally transporting alcohol twice in 12 months 2. Appearing in Court If you get a ticket for a minor traffic violation. you will be required to post bond in the form of cash. Failure to appear on the second date will result in loss of bond or may result in suspension of your driver’s license until you satisfy the court.Family Financial Responsibility Driving Permit This permit is issued. a record will be established for you in Illinois and the traffic violation also will be forwarded to your home state. This courtesy is also extended to non-residents from compact member states who are ticketed in Illinois. Chapter Six Study Questions 1. Driving privileges may be revoked for giving false information to the Secretary of State. If you are convicted of a traffic violation while driving in another state. a second court date will be set.
If a train is approaching. This three-sided sign means yield the right-of-way. Do not try to race the train to the crossing. If there is no crosswalk. You must make a complete stop at the stop line. You must let all traffic and pedestrians near you go before you proceed. wait your turn. signals that it is safe to proceed. If it is a fourway STOP sign. warning and guide signs. look and stop if necessary. stop before entering the crosswalk. stop until an authorized person.Chapter Seven: Roadway Signs Along the roadway there are regulatory. In rural areas. This chapter will tell you about: • • • • • • shapes of signs colors of signs regulatory signs warning signs construction and maintenance signs guide signs Shapes of Signs There are nine basic shapes of signs that you should know. If the STOP sign is hand held. You will be asked to identify roadway signs on the written driver's license test. YIELD signs are red and white. This eight-sided sign means stop. stop and wait. 50 . The color and shape of each has special meaning. Slow down. Each has a special purpose. Yield the right-ofway to pedestrians and approaching traffic. such as a school guard or construction zone flagger. It is an advance warning sign that means a railroad track will cross the roadway. stop before entering the intersection. If there is no stop line. in front of the tracks. RAILROAD CROSSING signs are yellow with a black crossbuck X and the letters RR. the sign is usually 750 ft. Roll your vehicle windows down and listen to make certain other noises do not block out the sound of a train. This round sign means railroad crossing ahead.
It is important that you memorize the meanings of the colors. YIELD. When used. Other black and white signs are used as route markers and are illustrated in the “Guide Signs” section. 51 . Some black and white signs are regulatory signs and must be obeyed. you are at a school crossing. It is yellow with black symbols. Yellow is used for warning signs. There are also eight basic colors. DO NOT ENTER or WRONG WAY. It means either SCHOOL ZONE or SCHOOL CROSSING. the sign is on the left side of a two-lane. These signs tell you of road conditions and dangers ahead. Some signs have four sides.This diamond-shaped sign means warning. Slow down and use caution when you see these signs. They include STOP. Other shapes may be used for special purposes. It is posted at the beginning of a NO-PASSING ZONE where “no-passing” pavement markings are also used. two-way roadway. Squares and/or rectangles can be used either as regulatory signs or as guide signs. If the sign shows two children walking. It may be either yellow or orange with black wording or symbols. For example. This five-sided sign is shaped like an old school house. If the sign shows two children walking in a crosswalk. Colors of Signs You just read about the nine basic shapes of signs. This three-sided sign is shaped like a pennant. All red signs are regulatory signs and must be obeyed. This sign warns you about hazards or possible hazards on or near the roadway. various shields may be used as route markers while two crossed panels may be found at railroad crossings. each of which has a special meaning. a school is near. It is yellow with black wording.
The first driver to stop is the first driver to go. Green is used for guide signs. They tell you about services along the roadway. do so at a marked crosswalk or before entering the intersection. If there is no crosswalk. which way to go and the distance. Yield the right-ofway to pedestrians and closely approaching traffic. 52 . If there is no stop line. You must always obey them. stop before entering the intersection. wait your turn. Regulatory Signs Regulatory signs tell you what to do. Brown is used for parks and recreation signs. STOP STOP YIELD YIELD: The three-sided (triangle) sign tells you to give the right-of-way to all vehicles and pedestrians near you. Following are examples of regulatory signs and their meanings. They tell you where you are. They are posted when there is no extra lane where drivers may speed up to join with expressway traffic. You may also see YIELD signs on expressway ramps. When stopping. Slow down to a safe speed and stop if necessary. They alert you to possible dangers ahead due to construction and maintenance projects. STOP: An eight-sided (octagon) sign tells you to always make a full stop.Orange is also used for warning signs. Traffic from all directions must stop. stop before entering the crosswalk. You may also see “3-WAY.” “5-WAY” or “ALL-WAY” signs. If it is a four-way STOP sign. Other drivers must wait their turn. 4-WAY STOP: This sign means there are four STOP signs at the intersection. Blue is also used for guide signs. You must make a complete stop at the stop line.
You may see one where there is an opening in the divided highway that leads to the other side. You will see this sign on expressway ramps a short distance past the DO NOT ENTER sign. construction/maintenance equipment and other emergency vehicles. alley or driveway. You will also see this sign if you turn the wrong way into a one-way street. snow plows. These openings are for authorized vehicles only such as police cars. Some signs show maximum and minimum speed limits for all types of vehicles on freeways and limited access highways. driving slower than the minimum is illegal. These signs indicate no right turns allowed. posted speeds legally reduce the speed limit on that portion of the highway. You may not use this opening. Special mention should be made of “NO U-TURN” signs that are posted on divided highways or expressways.P. NO (not allowed): Signs having a red circle with a red slash from upper left to lower right mean no. You will also see this sign if you try to enter an expressway ramp in the wrong direction. 40 55 SPEED LIMIT MINIMUM 55 45 SPEED LIMIT: Signs like these give the speed limit. 53 . The picture within the circle shows what is not allowed. SPEED LIMIT SPEED ZONE AHEAD: The larger sign tells you there is a speed zone ahead. In construction and maintenance zones. WRONG WAY WRONG WAY: This sign tells you that your vehicle is moving in the wrong direction.DO NOT ENTER: This sign is posted on one-way streets and other roadways that you are not allowed to enter. Unless necessary for safety. ambulances. SPEED ZONE AHEAD M. The smaller sign tells what the speed limit will be.H.
ONLY TWO-WAY LEFT TURN LANES: Either of two signs can be used to indicate a two-way left turn lane in the center of a highway. KEEP RIGHT: This sign tells you where to drive when you approach traffic islands. It tells you that a median separates both directions of traffic on the road you are going to turn onto or cross. DIVIDED HIGHWAY: This sign is used on approaches to a divided highway. HIGHWAY 54 . Along with a sign. NO TURN ON RED DIVIDED NO TURN ON RED: This sign is used at some intersections. the two-way left turn lane is marked with yellow lines and white arrows. medians or other obstructions in the middle of the roadway. You must drive to the side indicated by the arrow. You must always go only in the direction of the arrow. It tells you that a right turn on a red light or a left turn on a red light at intersecting one-way streets is prohibited.ONE WAY ONE WAY ONE-WAY: These signs are used on one-way streets or driveways.
SLOWER TRAFFIC KEEP RIGHT SLOWER TRAFFIC KEEP RIGHT: This sign is posted for those driving slower than the normal speed of traffic on a multilane highway. There will also be yellow “no passing” lines on the road. You may not continue on the road. RED ON DO NOT PASS DO NOT PASS: This sign tells you that you may not pass other vehicles. It tells the slow driver to drive in the right lane. However. construction and maintenance warning signs are orange. schools or other situations that require your special attention. It is posted on many two-lane roads where traffic goes in both directions. You may pass now only when it is safe. ROAD CLOSED ROAD CLOSED: This sign is used when the road is closed to all traffic. 55 . construction sites. STOP HERE STOP HERE ON RED: This sign is used when it is not clear where vehicles must stop at an intersection with traffic signals. PEDESTRIAN CROSSWALK: This sign tells you there is a crosswalk. They are usually diamondshaped and warn you about road hazards. Warning Signs WARNING SIGNS alert you to conditions ahead. PASS WITH CARE: This sign tells you that you are at the end of the no-passing zone. it may not be at an intersection so you must watch both sides of the street for pedestrians. While most warning signs are yellow.
m. SCHOOL SIGNS: These important signs warn you of school areas and crossings. Although school hours vary. The second sign shows two children walking in a crosswalk and is posted at school crossing signals. The posted speed applies only on school days when children are present and so close that a potential hazard exists because of the children's close proximity to the traffic or when a light is flashing. The first sign shows two children walking. Remember to stay alert and to watch for small children.OTHER SPECIAL CROSSINGS: These signs alert drivers in advance of special areas where vehicles and pedestrians may be crossing. Slow down and stop when necessary. some Illinois communities had begun replacing yellow school signs with fluorescent yellow-green signs. SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT ON SCHOOL DAYS WHEN CHILDREN ARE PRESENT 20 SCHOOL SPEED LIMIT WHEN FLASHING 20 NOTE: As this book went to press. 56 . School safety patrol members may assist the crossing guards. These two signs are used in areas where a reduced speed school zone has been established. to 4:00 p. It warns of school crossings ahead or of school buildings or grounds next to the roadway. auxiliary police or police officers often supervise these street crossings when students are going to and from school. Adult school crossing guards.m. usual school hours are 7:00 a.
Advance warning signs are also used in high-speed areas because of the longer distance needed to slow down or stop. INTERSECTIONS AHEAD: Four signs warn you of intersections ahead where traffic may exist or where a right or left turn may be required. Maximum Safe Speed on Curve or Turn 40 Winding Road Ahead 57 . Crossroad Side Road "T" Intersection "Y" Intersection TURNS AND CURVES: Certain signs are posted before turns and curves.P. The shape of the arrow tells you what to expect. the traffic signs are close enough to require you to start slowing down. Although the traffic signal may not yet be visible. Right and Left Turns Coming Road Curves to the Right and Left Road Curves to the Right Right Turn Ahead M.H.SIGNAL AHEAD: These signs warn of traffic controls ahead. A sign naming the intersecting road may also be posted. A small sign showing the maximum safe speed may also be posted below the arrow.
It may be very long or steep. Be prepared to change lanes or to allow other vehicles to merge into your lane. MERGING LANES: This merge sign tells you that two lanes of traffic going the same direction will soon merge into one lane. REDUCTION IN LANES: This sign is used on multi-lane highways to warn you of a reduction in the number of traffic lanes in the direction you are traveling. this sign shows the maximum safe speed a vehicle can be driven on the ramp. NARROW BRIDGE: This sign warns you that a bridge has a narrow roadway. The sign is posted on the left side of the road at the beginning of a no passing zone. two-way roads. The driver on the expressway slows down to let the driver on the ramp merge. Be ready to either change lanes or allow other traffic to merge into your lane. 58 . The bridge width is two feet less than the width of the approach pavement.EXIT RAMP: Posted at freeway exit ramps. This sign warns of conditions that can cause you to lose control of your car. DOWNGRADE: This sign warns you of a dangerous hill. You should slow down because it will take you longer to stop on slippery pavement. You see this merge sign on expressways just before expressway ramps. SLIPPERY PAVEMENT: All roads are slippery and dangerous when wet. It warns you not to pass. Slow down before you start down the hill. NO PASSING: This sign is used on two-lane. ROAD NARROWS: This sign warns drivers that a twolane road suddenly narrows. or it may have sharp curves.
and many fatalities to motorists. 59 . Be careful as you near the end of a divided highway. The second sign is posted just before the divided highway ends. Two-way traffic will begin again. be alert and keep a safe distance between your vehicle and all traffic barriers. You should use extreme caution when entering into areas where workers and slow moving vehicles are present. You may find several of these signs on the outside of a sharp curve or on approaches to a narrow bridge. Construction and Maintenance Signs Orange signs alert you to construction and maintenance areas ahead.CHANGE IN DIRECTION: This sign warns you of a change in direction or narrowing of the road. workers will be working close to your traffic lane. The minimum fine for speeding in a construction zone when workers are present is $150. Follow the signs and adjust your speed. The first sign is posted before a divided highway begins. WORKERS AHEAD: These signs are posted far enough ahead to give you time to adjust your speed for any unusual conditions. TWO-WAY ROADWAY: This sign tells you that you are leaving a divided roadway and will be driving on a two-way highway. WORKERS AHEAD SPEED LIMIT WHEN FLASHING 45 See page 98 for construction site warning flag information. Every year in Illinois. work zone traffic accidents account for thousands of injuries. and construction workers. DIVIDED HIGHWAY: Divided highways have a center strip that separates traffic going in opposite directions. Remember when you see these signs.
57 ILLINOIS ILLINOIS Interstate Route Sign State Route Sign 47 54 US Highway Sign JCT Junction 47 ILLINOIS TO This sign tells you how to reach a certain route.FLAGPERSON: This sign warns that there is a flagperson ahead. 500 FEET WARNING LIGHTS AND FLASHING ARROWS: These devices are used to protect you from dangerous locations in construction and maintenance areas. However. what road you are on and how to get where you want to go. The type of information given determines the color of the sign. Most guide signs are rectangular. ▲ 60 . Always follow his or her directions. drums and barricades mark a path for you to follow in a construction area. guide signs for county roads and route markers on freeways are different in shape. 40 ▲ NORTH ILLINOIS 47 This sign tells you where to turn right to go north on Route 47. Guide Signs Guide signs are very helpful. WORK AREAS: Traffic cones. They tell you where you are. be alert for dangers and be prepared to stop. Different routes have different markings. They direct you to the road you wish to take. ROUTE MARKERS: These signs are used either alone or with smaller signs. Drive slow.
Mileposts can be used to determine the distance to exits. True or False 2. True or False 3. mileposts and specific exits. By using the milepost number and the exit number. When approaching a stop sign. ROCHESTER 55 LOCKPORT 10 ➔ INFORMATION: These signs are always green. parking areas.EXIT 44 MILE 4 4 . They include items such as state lines. you may compute how far you are from the exit you want to use. Mileposts are placed every mile along the freeway from one end of the state to the other. DETOUR: This sign is used at the beginning of an alternate route that has been established because a road has been closed. elevations. You may also find names of streams. They guide you to recreational areas and parks. An orange sign means drivers should be alert. 1. landmarks and other items of geographical interest. SERVICE: These signs are blue. They give advance notice of services or facilities along the highway. STARVED ROCK ➔ STATE PARK DESTINATION AND DISTANCE: These signs are always green. They direct you to bike routes. True or False ➔ REST AREA DETOUR Chapter Seven Study Questions 61 . PARKS AND RECREATION: These signs are brown. city limits and other boundaries. drivers should stop their vehicles as close to the sign as possible. adjust their speed and be prepared to stop if necessary. cities or state lines. Zero usually starts at the south and west borders of the state. A merge sign means drivers should be prepared to change lanes or allow other traffic to come into their lane.
Here is what the three different types of lights mean: • STEADY LIGHTS: These lights may be red. there may be a single red or yellow light. stop before entering the crosswalk. You must then look and yield the right-of-way before entering an intersection. yellow and green from top to bottom or from left to right. GREEN LIGHT: You may go after yielding the rightof-way to any pedestrians and vehicles in the intersection or crosswalk.Chapter Eight: Traffic Signals and Pavement Markings Traffic signals and pavement markings must be obeyed unless a police officer directs otherwise. A driver may never leave the roadway to avoid a traffic signal. In both instances. If there is no crosswalk. When the red light appears. At some intersections. drivers must come to a full stop and yield the right-of-way to oncoming traffic and pedestrians. If there is not a marked stop line. This chapter provides you with important information about: • • • traffic signals pavement markings railroad grade crossings Traffic Signals Traffic lights at intersections usually have three colors: red. yellow or green. – YELLOW LIGHT: The yellow light warns that the signal is changing from green to red. or you may make a left turn at a red light when turning from a one-way street onto another one-way street that has traffic moving to the left. – 62 . Do not go until the light is green and the intersection is clear. you may not enter the intersection. however. you must always come to a full stop. Some traffic lights are steady. When traffic control signs are not working. – RED LIGHT: Stop at the marked stop line. stop before entering the intersection. some flash and some are arrows. You may make a right turn at a red light.
yield the right-of-way to traffic within the intersection or crosswalk and proceed when safe. x x – – – – RED “X”: Never drive in this lane. you may go in the direction the arrow is pointing. – • ARROWS: After yielding the right-of-way to traffic within the intersection or crosswalk. Never try to beat a train to a crossing. You may make a right turn at a red arrow or a left turn at a red arrow when turning from a one-way street onto another one-way street that has traffic moving to the left. drivers must come to a full stop and yield the right-of-way to oncoming traffic and pedestrians. This sign is used where caution is required. 63 . When the arrow is pointed to the right you may turn to the right. FLASHING YELLOW: Proceed with caution. – YELLOW ARROW: The yellow arrow means the green arrow is ending or that the light is about to turn red. This sign is used at dangerous intersections or when a stop sign alone is hard to see. Stop. When the arrow is pointed to the left you may turn to the left. YELLOW “X”: This lane signal is going to change to red. but all other signs and signals must be obeyed. • LANE SIGNALS: Special lights are sometimes used over each lane on highways and expressways. FLASHING YELLOW “ARROW”: This lane may be used for approaching and making a left turn. Leave this lane safely before the red “X” appears. They are used most often to change the flow of traffic during certain hours of the day. GREEN ARROW: Lanes may be used. In both instances. – RED ARROW: The red arrow means do not make the movement shown by the arrow until a green arrow appears. – FLASHING RED: Stop.• FLASHING LIGHTS: These lights may be either red or yellow. – GREEN ARROW: When the arrow is pointed upward you may go straight ahead only. They are also used at railroad crossings to warn of approaching trains.
Crossing a solid white line requires special care and is discouraged. Crossing the line is allowed only when changing lanes or turning. – BROKEN WHITE LINES separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. driveway. • WHITE LANE LINES: Lane lines are white lines separating lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. – BROKEN YELLOW LINES separate single lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions.Pavement Markings Lines and symbols are used on a roadway to warn and direct drivers and to control traffic. Passing is allowed. – SOLID WHITE LINES separate lanes of traffic moving in the same direction. 64 . – SOLID WHITE LINES are used on the right of roadway edge. – SOLID DOUBLE YELLOW LINES are used where there are four or more lanes with traffic moving in opposite directions. private road. Two solid lines mark the center of the roadway. – SOLID YELLOW LINES are used on the left edge of divided streets or roadways. or street. • EDGE LINES: Edge are solid lines along the side of the road that tell you where the edge of the pavement is. Solid yellow lines may be crossed to make a left turn to or from an alley. • YELLOW CENTER LINES: Center lines are yellow lines separating lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions.
you may pass only when the broken yellow line is nearest your lane. A left turn shall not be made from any other lane when a turn lane is provided. • TWO-WAY LEFT TURN LANES: Two-way left turn lanes are marked with yellow lines and white arrows. When the solid yellow line is on your side of the center line. The turn lane is used for making turns from or into the roadway or when making a U-turn when permitted by law. you may cross it to finish passing a vehicle you started to pass before the beginning of the no passing zone. Or.• YELLOW “NO PASSING” LINES: “No Passing” lines are solid yellow lines on roads where traffic moves in opposite directions. The lines indicate zones where passing is not allowed. When there is a solid and a broken yellow line separating two lanes of traffic moving in opposite directions. you may cross it to make a left turn into or from an alley.) 65 . (See illustration on next page. private road or driveway.
and vehicles carrying hazardous material and identified by a sign required by federal or state government as defined by the “Illinois Hazardous Materials Transportation Act. fire lanes and pavement markings may be designated as “No Parking” areas by local authorities. the electric signal is flashing or the crossing gate is lowered. • OTHER MARKINGS: A driver must be aware of the following additional pavement markings: – Yellow or white diagonal stripes are used to mark fixed obstructions. 66 . a driver should not change gears while crossing the track. Drivers violating these provisions are subject to a $500 fine or 50 hours of community service. slow down. Crosswalks are sometimes in the middle of the block in residential areas. Vehicles that must stop at almost all railroad crossings are second division vehicles carrying people for hire. to 15 ft. Sometimes the inside area is marked with white diagonal lines for added visibility. You also must stop if a flagperson issues a signal to stop or a train is approaching and/or gives a warning. – Curb markings. look and listen for a train before proceeding.” The driver must look and listen in both directions. – Solid white or yellow lines are sometimes used to channel traffic around a hazard. school buses . If a railroad grade crossing has no warning devices.white lines painted across the entire width of the pavement. if there is a posted STOP sign. – A double solid white line prohibits lane changing. and in this case a pedestrian crossing sign is located at the white lines. Pedestrians in crosswalks have the right-of-way over motor vehicles. Railroad Grade Crossings When approaching a railroad crossing you must stop within 50 ft. It means a highway-railway crossing is ahead and is placed 750 ft. Railroad crossings are marked with one or more of the following special warning devices: – THE ROUND RAILWAY WARNING SIGN: It is yellow with a black X and the letters RR. To avoid stalling.
before the track. – GATES: When gates are being lowered the red flashing lights will warn you to stop. you must always stop until it is safe to proceed. White lines on each side of the track show motorists where to stop when a train is approaching. Drivers may pass on a two-lane roadway marked with a single solid yellow line on their side of the center line. – PAVEMENT MARKINGS: In front of railroad crossings. A yellow line in advance of the crossing means no passing. O S R R O C A O S R R O C S IN A D S IN D G A IL 3 TRACKS Chapter Eight Study Questions 3 TRACKS 1. including: • • police/emergency vehicles pedestrians 67 G R R A IL . True or False Chapter Nine: Sharing the Road Drivers of cars and trucks share the road with others. the pavement may be marked with a large X and two R’s. You must know laws that apply to other roadway users. If a traffic light shows both a red light and a green arrow. the driver does not need to stop c) Drive quickly through the intersection to get out of the way of other vehicles 2. – RAILROAD CROSSBUCK SIGN: Most crossings have a railroad sign. What should the driver of a vehicle do when approaching a traffic control signal that is not in operation? a) Come to a full stop and yield the right-of-way before entering the intersection b) If the intersection is clear. the number of tracks is on the sign below the crossbuck. – FLASHING LIGHT SIGNALS: When lights begin to flash. True or False 3. If it has more than one track. a driver may not turn in the direction of the arrow until the red light has changed. Remain stopped until the gates are raised and lights are no longer flashing.
(Please refer to page 25). stop and remain in such position until the authorized emergency vehicle has passed. Important laws and safety tips pedestrians should know are: • TRAFFIC SIGNALS. and as close as possible to. if necessary to permit the safe passage of the emergency vehicle. 68 . Pedestrians Without a vehicle or protective equipment. observing walk lights and using crosswalks.• • • • • • • • bicyclists motorcyclists moped operators snowmobiles slow-moving vehicles horseback riders children trucks Police/Emergency Vehicles The driver of every other vehicle shall yield the right-of-way and shall immediately drive to a position parallel to. Drivers and pedestrians are both responsible for traffic safety. A simple rule is that drivers should always be prepared to yield the rightof-way to pedestrians. unless otherwise directed by a police officer. The pedestrian signals are: – WALK (constantly lighted): Pedestrians facing the signal may cross the roadway in the direction of the signal. WALKLIGHTS and CROSSINGS: Pedestrians must yield the right-of-way to drivers by obeying traffic signals. the righthand edge or curb of the highway clear of any intersection and shall. pedestrians are the roadway users most at risk in traffic.
DONT • CROSSING A ROAD: When crossing at any place other than a marked or WALK pedestrians must give the right-of-way to drivers. This unmarked crosswalk,
DON’T WALK (Flashing): Pedestrians may not start entering the roadway. Any pedestrian who has partly completed his cross during the constantly lighted WALK may continue to a sidewalk or safety island. DON’T WALK (constantly lighted): Pedestrians may not enter the roadway. YELLOW LIGHT (constant): Pedestrians may not cross unless directed by a pedestrian control sign or police officer.
includes between closely-spaced intersections where traffic signals are in operation. • TUNNELS and PEDESTRIAN CROSSINGS: A pedestrian tunnel or pedestrian crossing bridge should be used when available. • ROADWAYS: Pedestrians must not walk on a roadway unless there is no sidewalk or shoulder next to it. Under these conditions, pedestrians should always walk as close to the outside edge of the road as possible. In two-way traffic, pedestrians should walk facing oncoming traffic. If a highway does not have a sidewalk but has a shoulder, pedestrians should always walk on the shoulder as far from the roadway as possible. Pedestrians should not walk on a highway when under the influence of alcohol or other drugs. • HITCHHIKING: “Hitchhiking” means standing on the roadway to ask for a ride. It is illegal to hitchhike. If convicted, the pedestrian may be fined up to $2,500 and given a jail sentence of up to one year. • SOLICITING: “Soliciting” means to ask for something. Pedestrians should not stand on or next to a highway to ask drivers or passengers for the following: – employment or business – contributions, unless allowed by a permit issued by a city or town. – money for guarding or watching any vehicle while parked or about to be parked. If convicted, the pedestrian may be fined up to $2,500 and given a jail sentence of up to one year. • JOGGERS and WALKERS: Joggers and walkers should use jogging paths when provided. On public roads, joggers should try to select wide roads with good shoulders. They should face oncoming traffic and remember to look and listen for cars. At night or anytime visibility is poor, joggers and walkers should be in well-lighted areas and wear reflective clothing.
• MOVING VEHICLES: Pedestrians must not run or walk into the path of a moving vehicle. • EMERGENCY VEHICLES: Pedestrians should always yield to emergency and police vehicles using sirens and or flashing lights. • GATES and BARRIERS: Pedestrians must always obey railroad and
Walk Facing Traffic
At Night Wear Light Colored Clothing
bridge gates and other barriers.
On most roadways, bicyclists have the same rights and responsibilities as other roadway users. Bicyclists are prohibited on limited-access highways, expressways and certain other marked roadways. You may obtain the “Bicycle Rules of the Road” at your local driver services facility. The following laws and safety tips should be kept in mind: • Bicyclists travel in the same direction as vehicles. • Drivers must yield the right-of-way to a bicyclist just as they would to another vehicle. • When traveling slower than traffic, bicyclists should ride as near the right edge of the roadway as conditions permit. However, certain hazards, such as rough surfaces or drainage grates, may require moving toward the center of the lane. • Bicyclists may make unexpected moves. Give them plenty of room and be prepared to stop quickly. • Bicyclists are often hard to see in traffic. Almost any type of crash will result in injury or death to the bicyclist. • The most dangerous hours are during times of poor visibility. • If a driver is turning right when a bicyclist is on the roadway, pass the bicyclist before reaching the turn or wait until the bicyclist has passed the corner, then turn. Remember to signal your turn. • To turn left, a bicyclist may choose to turn as a vehicle does. If there is a left
turn lane, the bicyclist should ride on the right edge of the turn lane. The bicyclist may also choose a pedestrian-type, box left turn, in which he or she will proceed through the intersection and then cross the roadway in the new direction.
Motorcycle riders have the same rights and responsibilities as other roadway users. There is an increasing number of motorcycle riders on our roadways. Because of size and vulnerability in a crash, it is important to pay special attention to motorcycles. You may obtain the “Illinois Motorcycle Operators Manual” at any driver services facility. This information outlines a variety of situations that warrant special attention when sharing the road with motorcycles. • INTERSECTIONS: More than 40 percent of all motorcycle collisions occur at intersections. The most common situation occurs when an oncoming automobile makes a left turn in front of a motorcycle. Watch for motorcycles before turning and yield the right-of-way. Again, be particularly careful when making a left turn across lanes of oncoming traffic. Always use your signals and look in all directions before making the turn. • VISIBILITY: Include motorcycles in your visual search pattern. Due to their small size, motorcycles may be difficult to see, and motorists tend to underestimate their speed. Expect to see motorcycles in traffic at any time, not just in the spring and summer. The failure of motorists to detect and recognize motorcycles in traffic is the most common cause of motorcycle collisions. Drivers involved in collisions often report not seeing the motorcycle or seeing it too late to avoid a collision. • LANE SHARING: Traffic conditions and road surfaces will determine the area within the lane that the motorcyclist will use. Oil spills, potholes, gravel or debris may require the motorcyclist to adjust positions within the lane. Although there may be enough room in the traffic lane for an automobile and a motorcyclist, remember that the motorcyclist needs the room to maneuver safely and is entitled to the entire lane. Do not share the lane. • PASSING: When your automobile is being passed by a motorcycle, you should maintain your lane position and speed. Allow the motorcycle to complete the maneuver and assume proper lane position as quickly as possible. • FOLLOWING DISTANCE: Allow at least two seconds following distance between you and any vehicle, especially a motorcycle. Dim headlights when following all vehicles, including motorcycles. • STOPPING DISTANCE: Motorcycles can stop in a shorter distance than a car. The motorcyclist's ability to stop quickly may also depend on the rider's
it must have a headlight visible from at least 500 ft. Gravel roads decrease traction and may cause a rider to slow down or brake where a car would not. signals and traffic laws. often require motorcyclists to change positions within their lane. • IN CASE OF A COLLISION: Motorcyclists are only protected by their helmet. weather and road conditions than cars. • EQUIPMENT: If a moped is driven at night. They can be pedaled like a bicycle or driven like a motorcycle. A moped must also have a red reflector on the rear 72 . two-wheeled vehicles. use extreme caution and seek emergency medical assistance. gloves and durable clothing. Thus. can move a motorcycle across an entire lane if the rider is not prepared. Here are some of the responsibilities of moped drivers: • Moped drivers must have a valid driver's license. are low-speed. riders often respond in ways drivers do not expect. • ROAD CONDITIONS: Motorcycles react differently to traffic. Equipment must include a passenger seat and a passenger footrest. They also must obey most bicycle laws. • You may obtain the “Illinois Motorcycle Operators Manual” at any driver services facility. Mopeds are intended for limited use on public roadways. • LAWS: Moped drivers must obey all signs.experience and training. Moped Operators Motorized pedalcycles. boots. Weather presents hazards by changing the conditions of a road. such as potholes or railroad tracks. often called mopeds. In the event of a collision. • PASSENGERS: Moped drivers may carry a passenger only when the moped is made for two people. Wind gusts. eye protection. both natural and those created by large passing vehicles. Road conditions. • SPEED: A moped may not go over 30 miles per hour. Wet or icy roads impair a motorcyclist's ability to brake and maneuver.
visible from at least 100 to 600 ft
During the winter, drivers may share the roadway with snowmobiles. Use care when driving in areas with snowmobile warning signs. For information on snowmobile registration and operating requirements, contact the Illinois Department of Natural Resources at (217) 782-2138.
Certain slow-moving farm vehicles, construction equipment and vehicles drawn by animals may share our roadways. Use care approaching and passing these vehicles. • EMBLEM: A slow-moving vehicle emblem must be on the rear of the vehicle. The emblem is illustrated on the inside back cover. • REAR LIGHT: When lights are required, a flashing amber signal must be mounted as high as possible on the rear of the vehicle. It must be visible for 500 ft. in sunlight. • LANE USAGE: Slower traffic must drive in the right-hand lane. The left lane is for passing and turning.
Horseback riders may use our public roadways. Exceptions are limited access highways and most expressways. Here are points to keep in mind when sharing the road with a horseback rider: • LANE USAGE: Horseback riders must ride with traffic and as far to the right as possible. • SUDDEN NOISES: Never sound a horn when you are near a horse. The sound may frighten it and cause an accident. • APPROACH: When meeting or passing a horseback rider, do so with caution and be prepared to stop.
Children often forget the dangers of playing near traffic. Some are not old enough to realize the risks of playing in or crossing the streets. Drivers and parents must use care to ensure the safety of children. • OBSERVE SIGNS: Drivers should watch for signs which mark special hazard areas such as school zones, bus stops, playgrounds, parks and schools. • BE WATCHFUL: Drivers should be extra careful in residential areas, school areas and places where children are most likely to be. • BE CAREFUL BACKING UP: Drivers should be extremely watchful when backing in or out of a driveway when children are near. • TEACH CHILDREN: Parents should teach children the rights and duties of
pedestrians at an early age. • ASSIGN PLAY AREAS: Parents should assign special play areas for children. Make sure children do not play in or near streets, driveways or other dangerous areas.
When sharing the road with trucks, buses or other large vehicles, there are some special tips that are important to remember. • When following a large vehicle, stay out of its “blind spots” (See back cover for illustration). Position your vehicle so the driver can see it in the side mirrors. • Pay close attention to turn signals, and give large vehicles plenty of room to maneuver and make turns. Large vehicles make wide right turns and sometimes leave an open space to the right just before the turn. • Size and weight affect a vehicle’s ability to maneuver and stop. Always allow extra space for large vehicles. • When following a truck at night, always dim your headlights. Bright lights will blind the driver of the large vehicle when they reflect off of the large side mirrors. • When passing a truck, let the driver know you are passing by blinking your headlights, especially at night. The driver will make it easier for you by staying to the far side of the lane. Complete your pass as quickly as possible, and don’t stay along side the vehicle.
Chapter Nine Study Questions
1. When a vehicle is making a right-hand turn with a bicyclist approaching from behind on the right, the driver should make sure the bicyclist knows the driver is going to turn and is not in the vehicle’s path. True or False 2. A driver does not need to allow as much distance when following a motorcycle as when following a car. True or False 3. Motorcyclists are entitled to use the full width of a traffic lane; therefore, a driver should pass a motorcycle the same way a driver would pass another vehicle. True or False 4. When following a truck at night, it is important to dim your headlights. True or False
Chapter Ten: Safe Driving Tips
Driving is a privilege and a responsibility. A driver must obey the traffic laws and must be prepared to react to other drivers and driving conditions. This chapter provides you with important driving tips. It includes information about:
• • • • • • • • • •
aggressive driving alert driving vehicle following distances vehicle speed vehicles and trains weather conditions equipment failure special driving situations carbon monoxide poisoning electricity
What is aggressive driving? Aggressive driving is the operation of a motor vehicle in a manner that endangers or is likely to endanger persons or property. Persons doing any of the following may be committing acts of aggressive driving.
• • • • • • • • • Speeding Running red lights and stop signs Tailgating Passing on the shoulder of the road Cutting off another vehicle Slamming on brakes in front of a tailgater • Repeatedly flashing of headlights Improper hand or facial gestures at other Avoid aggressive drivers. Aggressive drivers driving is a serious problem which is reYelling sponsible for many traffic accidents and Repeatedly honking the horn
fatalities. It is to your benefit to avoid aggressive drivers and potentially dangerous situations. If you encounter an angry or aggressive motorist:
• • • • • Do not retaliate or in any way engage the other driver. Get out of the way. Don’t make eye contact. Keep your doors locked and your windows up. Keep enough space between you and the vehicle in front of you to pull out from behind. Do not underestimate the other driver’s potential for aggression.
Don’t become an aggressive driver. Anyone can become an aggressive driver. Don’t let stress and frustration get the best of you while driving.
• • • • • • • Be patient and courteous. Do not drive when angry, overtired, or upset. Allow extra time to get to your destination. When possible, change your schedule to avoid congestion. Listen to relaxing music or books on tape. Give other drivers the benefit of the doubt - all drivers make mistakes. Avoid all conflict, even if you are right.
avoid drowsiness by stopping frequently to drink coffee. If you cannot avoid a crash. When taking a long trip.” Lack of sleep or fatigue impact your ability to safely drive your vehicle. Do not expect the other driver to do what you think he or she should do. onethousand-two. If the road and/or weather conditions are not good. If you do. Make sure you are properly rested. tree or overpass. The person should be rested. your chances of survival are greater if your vehicle is in good mechanical condition. 76 . Vehicle Following Distances • TWO-SECOND RULE: Following a vehicle too closely is called “tailgating. increase your distance to a four or five-second count. Most rear end collisions are caused by the vehicle in back following too closely. count “one-thousand-one. remain calm and try to choose the least dangerous situation. For example. Do not think you know what he or she is going to do.A driver must concentrate on the road and drive defensively. The two-second rule also applies to your speed when you are on a good road and during good weather conditions.” Use the two-second rule to determine a safe following distance. running into a ditch is less dangerous than a head-on collision. When the vehicle ahead of you passes the object. Also. calm and not under the influence of alcohol or other drugs One of the greatest hazards of roadway driving is drowsiness or “highway hypnosis. If you are being tailgated. Always be prepared to react to the other driver. you are following too closely. • DEFENSIVE DRIVING: Plan ahead for the unexpected. Select a fixed object on the road ahead such as a sign. Exercise your eyes by reading road signs or shifting the focus of your eyes to different parts of the roadway. • CONCENTRATION: Operating a vehicle safely demands that the driver concentrate on driving. move to another lane or slowly pull off the road and allow the vehicle to pass. exercise or nap.” You should not reach the object before you count to onethousand-two.
– the direction and speed of the wind. suspension and shock absorbers.p. Regardless of the posted speed limit.h. listen and slow down. 52 ft. this sign is posted 750 ft. 81 ft. Here are important laws and safety tips: • WARNING SIGNS: Railroad crossings are marked with one or more of the following signs: – A round railroad advance warning sign means a crossing is ahead. – the kind of tires you are using and the condition of their tread. as long as it does not surpass the maximum posted speed. • STOPPING: The ability to stop your car safely should be con-sidered when deciding your speed. condition and adjustment of your brakes. back Vehicle Speed • MINIMUM AND MAXIMUM SPEEDS: A driver should use com-mon sense when driving. – In front of the railroad crossing. In rural areas. It will be more difficult and take longer to stop on wet asphalt. 35 m.p. narrow tires with little tread. 77 . However. back 132 ft. Vehicles and Trains Crashes involving vehicles and trains can be prevented.h. A solid yellow line means you may not pass another vehicle as you near the tracks. back 104 ft. the pavement is marked with a large X and two R’s. – the type and condition of the roadway. – vehicle design. Approaching and crossing railroad tracks require drivers to take extreme caution. Large. 37 ft. It warns you to look.h. You should consider: – how quickly you can react physically and mentally.p.Two-Second Rule Vehicle Speed Approximate Feet Vehicle Will Travel in 1 Second 2 Second Rule Distance 25 m. Driving too fast or too slowly may create a dangerous situation. – the type. wide tires with good tread will stop a vehicle faster than small. A strong tail wind can make it very difficult to stop. 66 ft. back 162 ft. before the tracks. weather and traffic conditions may make it necessary to drive more slowly. Your speed should be adjusted for the conditions and match the flow of traffic. 74 ft.p. driving too slowly can also be dangerous. weight distribution. 45 m.h. 55 m.
• NEVER GET TRAPPED: Sometimes you may be moving with a stream of vehicles across a railroad track. Stay within the limits of your vision. • SOME VEHICLES MUST STOP: Some vehicles must stop at railroad crossings. rain. Be prepared to stop when you are behind these vehicles. However. Always stop when the lights begin to flash. take the following precautions: – Slow down. • FOG: It is best not to drive in fog. Always stop. always look for a second train on another track before proceeding. 78 . If you see headlights or taillights. shift down before reaching the tracks. – Use your turn signal long before you turn and brake early when you approach a stop to warn other drivers. After one train has passed. high winds and winter driving conditions. or use foglights. if you must drive in fog. If there is not enough room. • NEVER SHIFT GEARS: If your vehicle has a manual transmission. The sign will indicate if there is more than one track. • NEVER RACE A TRAIN: Trying to race a train may cost you your life and those of your passengers. Weather Conditions Weather can create a driving hazard. look and listen for trains. DO NOT race a train to a crossing. These include commercial vehicles carrying people for hire. • SECOND TRAINS: More than one train may be on the tracks. You may have to stop suddenly. be especially careful! Drive as though you expect a train on any track at any time. do not cross the tracks. – Flashing lights always mean a train is near. Remember. If the fog is too dense. – Do not overdrive your headlights. • DRIVE CAREFULLY: When crossing a railroad track.– Crossbuck signs are posted at most tracks. Special care must be taken in fog. Check carefully to make sure there is enough room for your vehicle on the other side of the track. pull off the roadway and stop. It is against the law to drive through. Extra safety may save your life. Always stop when the gates begin to lower. school buses and vehicles carrying hazardous material. – Drive with your headlights set on dim. you should not change gears while crossing the track. Do not drive at five or 10 miles per hour. crashes involving trains and vehicles are usually caused by carelessness. A driver may be driving in the center of the roadway or may be stopped or barely moving. slow down even more. – Some crossings also have gates. To avoid stalling. around or under these gates.
food and other survival equipment.” This means the tires are riding on a layer of water and not on the road-way. Your headlights must be on when operating your wipers. Neither tires nor chains allow you to drive on bad roads at normal speeds. You should be alert to wet or slippery areas and plan for those conditions. defrosters. – plan your winter driving. Begin braking early when you come to an intersection or a stop. Otherwise. Snow tires give you extra traction. and chains increase safety on snow or icepacked roads. the Illinois Tollway System will ban the hauling of house trailers. including ice. dust. and do not start driving until your windshield is defrosted and clear. Heavy rain or sleet often accompanies high winds. radiator and other parts should be in good working order. windshield wipers. – remove all snow and ice from your vehicle. increase your following distance. If you skid while hydroplaning. Parking lights are not acceptable. Carry a blanket. shade or roadway surface. When driving in winter conditions: – drive slower and increase your following distance. – be sure your vehicle is maintained properly. Take special care on curves and turns and while braking. • WINTER DRIVING: Winter is the most difficult driving season due to many reasons. shaded spots. oil and leaves cause the roadway to become slippery. • HIGH WINDS: Wind can be a difficult problem for all drivers. – approach bridges. campers and trailers-in-tow. water. Roadway conditions may vary depending upon the sun. Lights.• RAIN: When rain begins to fall lightly. you should reduce your speed and make steering corrections when you go from a protected area to an open area and when meeting large vehicles such as trucks and buses. Wind is especially difficult for drivers of trucks. When this happens. steady strokes. Avoid hydroplaning by slowing down. When rain begins to fall heavily. helps you find out how much traction you have. Clear all windows. In high winds. overpasses and turns slowly. such as a shovel. They may remain icy after the rest of the roadway is clear and dry. Gentle braking. lower temperatures and fewer daylight hours. In high winds. – use snow tires and/or chains (where allowed). in slow. release the accelerator and ride out the skid. Be sure you have non-freezing windshield washer liquid and that your headlights and taillights are visible. brakes. try to regain control of the vehicle. – start slowly. recreational vehicles. snow. your tires may “hydroplane. in your vehicle in case you become 79 .
These include: • EXPRESSWAY DRIVING: Expressways. Pull safely off the roadway and check your tires. If this happens. If you become stranded. Do not brake suddenly. hook your toe under it to free it. drive to a service station or pull off the road and seek help. Special Driving Situations Just as weather and equipment affect your safety. you will lose either your power steering or your ability to steer. Equipment failures may include: • BLOWOUTS: A thumping sound may be a warning of a blowout. toll roads. The maximum speed limit is 55 or 65 miles per 80 . shift your vehicle into a lower gear. other driving situations also require extra caution. turnpikes and freeways are fast. use your emergency or parking brake. If your lights begin to dim. Equipment Failure Crashes often happen when equipment fails. multiple-lane roads. Make sure your vehicle tailpipe is free of snow and debris. shift your vehicle into neutral and brake gently to slow down. Turn on your emergency flashers and then pull your vehicle off the road. roll down the side window to see.stranded. try your emergency flashers. pump it to build pressure. and open your window to prevent carbon monoxide poisoning. Pull off the road. Your most important aid is remaining calm. • HEADLIGHT FAILURE: If your headlights fail suddenly. Turn on your emergency flashers and allow your vehicle to come to a slow stop. do not turn off the ignition. • BLOCKED VISION: If for any reason your vision becomes blocked. ease your foot off the gas pedal. To slow down. Brake very gently to prevent your vehicle from spinning. Run your engine only for brief times. If you have power steering or a locking steering wheel. Ease off the gas pedal and pull off the roadway. remain in your vehicle. • STEERING FAILURE: If you suddenly have no control of the steering wheel. parking lights and/or turn signals. • BRAKE FAILURE: If your brake pedal suddenly sinks to the floor. ease your foot off the gas pedal and keep a firm grasp on the steering wheel. If it does not become free. • STUCK GAS PEDAL: If the gas pedal becomes stuck. • LOSS OF A WHEEL: React as you would with a blowout. If that does not work.
Also. Exit Expressway – DRIVING ON EXPRESSWAYS: You should be especially alert when driving on expressways. you will usually find a speed-change lane. Remember: – Never overdrive your headlights. glare from lights may interfere with vision. • Go to the next exit if you missed yours. Lift your car's hood and turn on your hazard flashers. Use them at dusk and dawn. Remember: • Check your rearview and side mirrors before changing lanes. Be sure to be in the correct exit and speed-change lanes. Pull off the road if you have a problem. Always keep them clean and aimed properly. You should signal and look for an opening in the traffic. • Use your turn signals when making lane changes. The left lane is used for faster traffic and for passing. • Do not follow too closely. Signal your intent. match traffic speed and merge with traffic when safe. Do not walk along the expressway. • The right lane is for slower traffic. • NIGHT DRIVING: Night driving is difficult because things may appear differently than in daylight. Backing up on expressways is against the law. Speed and traffic volume are major concerns.hour. then slow down to make your exit in the speedchange lane. This lane allows you to gain the speed necessary before merging. Courtesy and common sense should be used when driving at night. Bright lights must be dimmed 81 . Allow plenty of distance between you and the car ahead. Here are some tips for safe driving on expressways: – GETTING ON EXPRESSWAYS: When entering an expressway. Enter Expressway – GETTING OFF EXPRESSWAYS: Exits may be on the right or left. • Do not stop on the expressway.
• CELLULAR PHONE USUAGE: When using your cellular phone while driving. slow down immediately. ease off the gas pedal or brakes. – Roadway signs are more difficult to see at night. grip the wheel firmly. try to escape through a window. pull off the road. dim your dashboard lights and use your sun visor. After checking for traffic behind you. – Do not stop on the roadway. • FIRE: If smoke appears. gently steer back onto the pavement. Steer into the direction of the skid until you feel you have regained traction and then straighten your vehicle. Vehicle fires can be very dangerous. Do not jerk your wheel to correct your steering. This may cause you to drive into oncoming traffic. • DRIVING OFF THE PAVEMENT: If your wheels drift off the pavement onto the shoulder. If your vehicle does sink.500 ft. • WATER ACCIDENTS: If your vehicle runs off the roadway into water but does not sink right away. If you must stop. always remember your number one responsibility is driving. move away from the vehicle and call the fire department. • CURVES: Slow down before beginning the curve. move to the back seat area where an air pocket usually forms. carry and use a red warning light. Because of differences in water pressure. you may not be able to open your car door. take the following precautions: – Always assess traffic conditions before calling – Be familiar with the phone's keypad – use speed dial if possible – Place calls when stopped. – If street lights cause a lot of glare. ease your foot off the gas pedal and brake gently. Take a deep breath and exit from a rear window. If you do use a cellular phone. or have a passenger dial 82 . Turn off the engine. before meeting an oncoming vehicle or 300 ft. Pull over to the right and sound your horn • SKIDDING: Skidding occurs when tires lose traction. Never drive over the center line. – Use edge lines and center lines of the roadway as guides. Avoid using any other light inside your vehicle. If you skid. Do not fight the fire yourself. before passing a vehicle. Do not brake suddenly as this may cause skidding or locked wheels. • HEAD-ON APPROACHES: When a vehicle is approaching head-on in your lane.
If a vehicle starts to skid on water (hydroplane). the driver should quickly apply the brakes. a driver should turn on the vehicle’s high-beam headlights to increase the field of vision. True or False 3. nausea. the danger of electrical shock exists.– – – – – Ensure phone is within easy reach Use speaker phone/hands-free device Avoid intense. brake gently and gently steer back onto the pavement. Never run the engine in your garage. leave the window partially open when starting the engine. True or False 4. Symptoms of carbon monoxide poisoning are weariness. Most rear-end collisions are caused by the vehicle in back traveling too fast. Chapter Ten Study Questions 1. Electricity If you are in a crash that results in power lines falling on your vehicle. if fire is an immediate danger. while driving the vehicle or when running the engine while parked. a driver should ease off the accelerator. dizziness. True or False 5. DO NOT ALLOW ANY PART OF YOUR BODY TO TOUCH THE VEHICLE AND THE GROUND AT THE SAME TIME. If driving during foggy weather. If the front right wheel of a vehicle runs off the pavement. emotional or complicated conversations Avoid talking on phone in congested traffic or bad weather Pull off road to dial or complete a conversation Carbon Monoxide Poisoning Carbon monoxide is a deadly poison. Also. The two-second rule helps the driver determine a safe following distance. You should remain in your vehicle until help arrives. True or False 83 . yawning. True or False 2. The road surface of a bridge may be dangerous in winter because it may remain icy after the rest of the roadway is clear. True or False 6. headache and ringing in the ears. you must jump clear of the vehicle. You can prevent carbon monoxide poisoning by having the exhaust system checked regularly. However.
True or False 84 . After a train clears a crossing that has flashing signals. True or False 13. When approaching a railroad crossing that has no warning signals (such as electric flashing lights or gates). Illinois law requires that headlights be illuminated when atmospheric conditions require the use of windshield wipers. True or False 8. True or False 11. True or False 12. the driver should apply the brakes quickly and pull off the roadway to check the tire. it is safe to stop on the track for a short period of time. drivers may proceed after checking for a second train on another track. True or False 9. True or False 10. the driver should gently apply the brakes and steer in the opposite direction of the skid. listen and slow down. If moving with a stream of vehicles across a railroad track. Drivers who become stranded in blizzard conditions should remain in their vehicles. a driver should look.7. When experiencing a tire blowout. If a vehicle starts to skid.
The emergency brake also must be able to hold the vehicle on a grade or hill. which must show objects 500 ft. The motorcycle headlight must be lighted whenever the vehicle is driven. they must have brakes on at least two wheels. snow. Motor-driven cycles only need one brake. at the same speed. In this chapter you will read about: • • required equipment.000 feet away cannot be seen. They should also be used when objects 1. Vehicles with three or more axles may have a front axle with brakes. The foot brake must be strong enough to stop a vehicle traveling at a speed of 20 miles per hour in 30 feet. Required Equipment White License Plate Light Mirror Safety Glass Stop Lights Windshield Wipers Horn Headlights Red Tail Lights Safety Belts Brakes Emergency Brake Parking Lights Turn Signals Bumpers Your motor vehicle must have: • BRAKES: Your vehicle must have two brake systems and brakes on all wheels. when antique vehicles are driven on a highway. before meeting an oncoming vehicle or 300 ft. Some vehicles have special rules.Chapter Eleven: Equipment For Safe Driving Motorists can be safe drivers only when their vehicles are properly equipped and in good working order. 85 . • LIGHTS: Lights required on motor vehicles are: – HEADLIGHTS: Motor vehicles must have two headlights. Bright lights must be dimmed 500 ft. restricted equipment. ahead. Motor-cycles and mopeds require only one headlight. However. before passing a vehicle. No one can legally drive any veh-icle that may be a hazard to any person or property. Antique vehicles more than 25 years old must keep the same type of brakes originally installed. A recent law also requires headlights to be used in times when rain. Headlights must be lighted from sunset to sunrise. fog or other atmospheric conditions require the use of windshield wipers. The emergency or parking brake must be strong enough to stop the vehicle in 55 ft.
away. Cutouts. The windshield must be free of snow. Also. Only one taillight is needed for mopeds and motorcycles. BUMPERS: Vehicles weighing 9. whistles and bells are allowed only on authorized emergency vehicles. snow and moisture. Signals must be seen from 300 ft. from behind in normal sunlight. Also. 86 . – LICENSE PLATE LIGHT: Vehicles must have a white light making the license plate readable from 50 ft. WINDOWS: All window glass must be approved safety glass. This also includes turbine wheels used in the exhaust system of a diesel engine. It is illegal to alter the suspension system of a vehicle to lift the body from the chassis frame in excess of three inches. HORN: You must have a horn that can be heard from a distance of 200 ft.inch strip of tinting is allowed along the entire length at the top of the front windshield. or less and all recreational vehicles must have a front and rear bumper. Sirens. WIPERS: Wipers must operate properly to clear the windshield of ice. 1965 or later models licensed in Illinois may not be driven without safety belts. SAFETY BELTS: Passenger cars must have two sets of safety belts in the front seat. from behind. Vehicles are not allowed to have tinted windows on the front windshield or front side windows. a driver must not cause the horizontal line from the front to the rear to vary over three inches. Some local communities may allow unlighted night parking on streets. moisture and any defects that can distort vision. Without these belts. – STOP LIGHTS: Vehicles must have at least one red or amber stop light visible for 500 ft. The light must be on whenever headlights are lighted. ice.• • • • • • • – TAILLIGHTS: All vehicles require two red lights visible for 500 ft. – TURN SIGNALS: Vehicles.000 lbs. bypasses and changes to the system to increase noise are illegal. All glass must also be free of obstructions between the driver and front or rear windows. must have right and left turn signals on the front and rear. MIRRORS: You must have one rearview mirror so you are able to see at least 200 ft. except motorcycles. MUFFLER: A muffler must be on the exhaust system to prevent excessive noise and smoke. trailers and semitrailers. – PARKING LIGHTS: Front and rear parking lights are required for any vehicle stopped on a highway at night. behind your car. 1965 or later models may not be sold in Illinois. A six.
ahead. • ANTIQUES: Special rules for lamps. the vehicle must have a red light visible for 500 ft. contact the Secretary of State’s office at (800) 252-8980. – RUNNING BOARD LIGHTS: These are limited to one on each side. they may not be lighted when the vehicle is moving forward. They must be nonglare white or amber lights. 87 . Your vehicle may not have more than four 300 candlepower lights burning. – FLASHING or MOVING LIGHTS: Flashing or moving lights other than turn signals or hazard indicators are prohibited. They may be nonglare. brakes. This does not apply to police or emergency vehicles. • STUDDED TIRES: Pneumatic tires with metal studs are unlawful except for: – vehicles used by mail carriers in rural areas between November 15 and April 1 – vehicles displaying handicapped or disabled veteran license plates between November 15 and April 1. – RED LIGHTS: Red lights visible from the front are prohibited. This does not apply to police or emergency vehicles. including wagons. – COWL or FENDER LAMPS: Only two lights are allowed. However. • LIGHTS: Certain lights have restrictions: – BACK-UP LIGHTS: Vehicles may have one or more backup lights.Restricted Equipment Your motor vehicle may not have: • PROJECTING LOADS: Loads extending four feet or more to the rear of a vehicle must be marked with a red flag during the day. When approaching another vehicle. it must be directed neither to the left nor more than 100 ft. For more information. These owners must live on a county or township road in an unincorporated area – agricultural tractors or traction engines – agricultural machinery. – SPOTLIGHTS: Only one spotlight is allowed. • RADAR DETECTORS: Possession and use of radar detection and/or radar jamming devices is prohibited in commercial vehicles. stop lights and turn signals apply to vehicles more than 25 years of age. At night or when visibility is poor. being used for agricultural towing purposes – road building machinery operated at a speed of less than 10 miles per hour • TELEVISIONS: No motor vehicle may have a television set that can be seen from the driver’s seat. white or amber lights.
True or False 3.Chapter Eleven Study Questions 1. Within how many feet is a driver required to dim the headlights before meeting another vehicle? a) 250 feet b) 400 feet c) 500 feet 2. Headlights must be used when atmospheric condition require the use of windshield wipers. True or False 88 . Headlights must be lighted from one-half hour after sunset to one-half hour before sunrise.
• All vehicles and mobile homes must have a Certificate of Title whether or not they are registered. Mandatory Insurance All motor vehicles operated in Illinois must be covered by liability insurance. • For additional information call 1-800-252-8980. • To register your vehicle in Illinois. This registration allows you to use your vehicle on Illinois roadways. Included in this chapter is information about: • • • • • • • • • • vehicle registration and title mandatory liability insurance temporary registration permits vehicles purchased in Illinois vehicles purchased out-of-state license plates license plate fees special license plates person(s) with disabilities license plates and placards change of name and address Vehicle Registration and Title When you register your vehicle. transporters.000 for injury or death of one person in a crash – $40. once the vehicle owner signs the registration or renewal application.Chapter Twelve: Owning a Vehicle You will read about the responsibilities of owning your own vehicle. farm equipment. Vehicle liability insurance pays for injuries or damages you may cause with your vehicle to other persons or their property. • Some vehicles do not need to be registered in Illinois. you are providing the state with a record of that vehicle.000 for damage to property of another person 89 .000 for injury or death of more than one person in a crash – $15. you must have an Illinois Certificate of Title for the vehicle. States make arrangements. This document shows that you own the vehicle. Vehicle registration is not necessary for some manufacturers. special mobile equipment and out-of-state registered vehicles that travel from state to state for business reasons. he/she affirms the vehicle is properly insured. declarations and reciprocal agreements to allow vehicles to cross state borders without being registered in every state. • The minimum liability insurance limits are: – $20. dealers. However. Vehicle owners are not required to show evidence of insurance at the time of registration.
• Evidence of liability coverage must be carried by the motorist or in the vehicle and shown to law enforcement officers upon request. If an insurance company refuses to sell you insurance. Temporary Registration Permits When you register your vehicle. If you still cannot obtain insurance. To do that. – a $100 reinstatement fee and proof of insurance. carry in your vehicle some other kind of proof that you have insurance such as an insurance binder. ask an insurance agent about the Illinois Automobile Insurance Plan. You may use this permit until your license plates and/or sticker are sent to you. Your vehicle may not be driven by anyone while its license plates are suspended. Failure to do so will result in a driver’s license suspension. The plan is a state-monitored program for drivers who have difficulty obtaining insurance.000. you may be issued a temporary registration permit. Repeat offenders face a four-month suspension. the current declarations page of your insurance policy. The minimum fine for driving a suspended vehicle is $1. Insurance companies must issue Illinois insurance cards to their policyholders for evidence of coverage. signed and verified title and registration application submitted to the Secretary of State’s office must be placed in the lower right corner of the front windshield. • Individuals receiving court supervision for a mandatory insurance citation will be required to file financial responsibility insurance (SR-22) for one year. • Enforcement of the law involves two methods of detection: random computer checks and traffic tickets. 90 . You can receive these temporary permits from Illinois vehicle dealers. The application should be folded and placed on the windshield in a manner that does not restrict the driver’s vision.Note: Some vehicle classes are required to carry higher liability coverage under other laws. a copy of the completed. Contact your insurance agent or company if you lose your insurance card or the company fails to send you one. Meanwhile. – suspension of your vehicle registration until the reinstatement fee is submitted for a first offense. licensed remittance agents. a certificate of insurance or the receipt for your last insurance payment. • Penalties include: – a minimum $500 fine for driving uninsured. apply with other companies. A person who purchases a vehicle from another person may legally operate that vehicle without a temporary registration permit. currency exchanges or the Secretary of State’s office. This is to be placed on the lower left-hand corner of the back window of your vehicle.
license plates or transfer of current plates. license plates or transfer of current plates. – a properly signed Certificate of Title or Certificate of Origin. The check must be made out to the Illinois Department of Revenue. If the selling price is $15. you should obtain a junking certificate from the Secretary of State’s office. the tax is based on the selling price. • the most recent registration identification card if you are transferring license plates. 91 . The amount is shown on the application.000 or more. • FROM A PRIVATE OWNER: If you buy your vehicle from someone other than a dealer. one on the front and one on the rear. For both new and used vehicles. If you junk your vehicle. • Cars and other vehicles have two plates. you are exempt from this tax. – the properly signed Certificate of Title in the seller’s name. – the Vehicle Use Tax. Vehicles Purchased Out-of-State If you buy a vehicle out-of-state. However. • FROM A DEALER: There are certain laws a dealer must obey when he or she sells you a new or used car. license plates or transfer of license plates. This tax is based on the model year of the vehicle if the selling price is less than $15. you must also have a Bill of Sale from the dealer. The sales tax will vary depending on the city or county where you buy the vehicle. – payment of title/license plate fees. the dealer must send to the Secretary of State’s office: – an application for Certificate of Title. You must send: • an application for Certificate of Title. A RUT-50 tax form must be submitted along with the correct tax payment. within twenty days the Secretary of State’s office must receive: – an application for Certificate of Title.000. – separate payments for title/license plate fees and sales tax on the vehicle.Vehicles Purchased in Illinois You may purchase a car from a licensed Illinois dealer or from a private owner. • Certificate of Origin signed by the car dealer if your vehicle is new or a properly signed Certificate of Title if your vehicle is used. • payment of title/license plate fees. • payment of sales or use tax. Within 20 days of purchase. License Plates License Plates and Registration Cards Most vehicles are required to have two license plates. certain items must be sent to the Secretary of State’s office to obtain a Certificate of Title and license plates. License plate frames should not cover any of the information on the license plates.
• When a vehicle is sold. the license plates should be removed and kept by the seller. This should be carried in your vehicle or on your person when you are driving. Vehicle Services Department. recreational vehicle. You may also renew license plates over the phone by calling a toll-free number which is listed on the renewal. The appropriate fee plus a $2. In addition. license plates remain with the owner. except for facilities in suburban Cook County. License Plate Fees License plate fees must be paid every year. small truck. Owners of other types of vehicles will receive a notice of renewal about five months before their plates expire. or less) 78 – * Vanity plates and some other categories also will have a surcharge. If any vehicle information has changed. Springfield. motorized pedalcycles. Illinois 62756. trailers. Mastercard or Discover card. savings and loan associations. recreational trailer or motorcycle expire. They are: – * passenger $78 – replacement plate (1) 6 – replacement plates (2) 9 – replacement sticker 5 – motorcycle 38 – small trucks (8. small trailer. • Motorcycles.000 lbs. License Plate Renewals About 60 days before the license plates on your car. When you receive your license plates or sticker. Your local driver services facility. 92 . currency exchanges. In Illinois. credit unions and remittance agencies. also will accept your application for license plates. license plates may be renewed at certain banks. • Truck-tractors and apportioned straight trucks have one license plate on the front of the vehicle. you will receive a notice to renew them. You can now renew your license plates at most Secretary of State facilities throughout the state.50 service charge will be charged to your Visa. semitrailers and buses registered under the apportionment provisions display one license plate on the rear of the vehicle. not the vehicle. or by mail through the Secretary of State’s office. you must submit proof that the registration has been transferred to another vehicle. you will also receive a registration card.
This card and an application for license plates are presented to the driver services facility by the driver.000 lbs. Some small trucks (8. and special license plates. The month of expiration is on the license plate sticker. Special License Plates You may have your license plates personalized with your name.000 lbs. Box 19003. Springfield. One discount per year is given. Personalized and vanity plates are issued to passenger vehicles. P. Expiration Dates License plates must be renewed each year. motorcycles.O. You will have 15 days to complete and return it. small trucks and small recreational vehicles. you will receive a confirmation letter and application. Requests for personalized or vanity plates must be submitted in writing to: Secretary of State Personalized Plate Section Howlett Building Springfield. or less) may expire in other months. A discount card is sent by the Secretary of State. • June 30 for trucks and trailers (second division vehicles). Delivery of personalized plates takes more time than regular plates. honorary consular vehicles and other categories. Circuit breaker information is available from the Illinois Department of Revenue. initials or other words. or less. recreational vehicles. Illinois 62794-9003.000 lbs. • December 31 for recreational vehicles (RV’s) and recreational trailers (RT’s). vehicles operated by persons with disabilities whose plates have the international accessibility symbol. The fee will be reduced to $24. Circuit Breaker Program.Senior citizens and disabled persons who qualify for circuit breaker tax relief are able to receive a reduction in regular fees for their cars. or by calling toll-free 1-800-624-2459. second division vehicles weighing 8. A minimum of 45 days is necessary. recreational trailers and antique vehicles. • March 31 for motorcycle plates. A special fee is required in addition to the registration fee. Illinois 62756 If the plate you requested is available. small trucks 8. 93 . or less. Renewal deadlines are: • from January to December for passenger cars.
Person(s) With Disabilities License Plates and Placards If you or a member of your immediate family is permanently disabled. This type of placard can be issued by either the Secretary of State’s office or a local municipality. you may apply for a person(s) with disabilities placard instead of the license plates. usually by hanging around the rearview mirror. Improper use of person(s) with disabilities license plates and/or placards is a serious offense. To do so. and you are not transporting the person to whom it was issued. you may apply for a temporary placard. If you use such a plate or placard that has not been issued to you. your driving privileges may be suspended or revoked for one year. If you wish. A placard is displayed from within a vehicle. you will need to provide a physician’s assessment that indicates you qualify for this type of plate. 94 . you may apply for a set of person(s) with disabilities license plates. If you or a member of your immediate family becomes temporarily disabled.
To Change: ❏ License Plate Registration Address Only Do you require a voter's registration packet? ❏ Yes ❏ ❏ Driver's License /Photo ID No (Important Notice: If you answer yes. your local election authority will be unable to process your request. To obtain a corrected document please visit any Driver Services Facility and submit the correct application and fee. Please Type or Use Ballpoint Pen Change from: *Street address [Name(s). Please indicate the number of corrected title/registration forms you will require.14 95 . You will NOT receive a new Driver's License or Photo Identification Card when using this form. a registration packet will be mailed to you. If you apply to vote within 30 days of an election. Otherwise. _______ corrected title application(s) _______ corrected registration application(s) .FOR OFFICE USE ONLY Yes No I am on active duty in the military. first. first. last] City State ZIP City State ZIP County Date of Birth Sex County Current Driver's License or Photo ID Number(s): *Required by Driver Services Department if residence is in a city with a population over 3. mail it to your local election authority. Driver Services Department Yes No I am a student in good standing at a school which is in a state other than Illinois. (Date) VSD-165.500. License Plate Number Expiration Date Vehicle Identification Number Vehicle Year & Make A change of address on the registration does not require a change of address on the title. and you will not be eligible to vote in that election).Change of Name/Address Changes OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF STATE JESSE WHITE NOTICE OF ADDRESS CHANGE Commercial Driver's License Holders May Not Use This Form for Driver's License Changes You are required to notify the Secretary of State in writing of any change of address within 10 days. middle. a post office box is acceptable. middle. Complete this form and return it to any Driver Services Facility or mail the completed form to the address shown on the front. which will process your application and mail you a voter's registration card. last] Change to: Street address [Name(s). When you complete the form. A change of name will require the title to be corrected.
39) (39. 79) (79) (79) (80. 53) 2 – False 3 – True 4 – True 6 – True 7 – True 8 – True 9 – False 10 – True 2 – True (64) (72) (75) (83) (78. 81) (86) 3 – True (86) 11 – False 12 – False 13 – True (81) (83) (80) Chapter Eight 1 – a Chapter Nine 1 – True 2 – False Chapter Ten 1 – True 2 – False 3 – False 4 – True 5 – False Chapter Eleven 1 – c ( ) Denotes page numbers where related information can be found 96 . 78) (80) (86) 2 – False 9 – True 10 – False 11 – c 12 – False 13 – b 14 – True 15 – False 16 – c 3 – b 4 – False 2 – True 2 – True (20) (29) (31) (28) (24) (25) (26) (33) (24) (37) (38) (45) (46) 3 – True 3 – False (52. 40) 17 – False 18 – a 19 – True 20 – a 21 – False 22 – True 23 – True (28) (24) (33) (31) (26) (32) (25) Chapter Two 1 – True Chapter Three 1 – True 2 – True 3 – b 4 – True 5 – True 6 – a 7 – False 8 – True Chapter Four 1 – True 2 – True Chapter Five 1 – True Chapter Six 1 – c Chapter Seven 1 – True 2 – False (51. 53) (66) 5 – True 6 – True (38.Answers to Study Questions Chapter One 1 – True (7) (19) (26) (24) (24) (30) (24) (31) (27) (24) (38) (37) (43) (47) (59) (63) (72) (73) (80) (79) (77) (77.
C. 97 . One of three devices combined with hand signals may be used to direct motorists. STOP. Work Area Signals A driver should use caution when approaching a flagperson. Slow down and be prepared to obey the signals of the flagperson. You must stop if signaled to do so.A. B. The flagger will be working very close to your traffic lane. PROCEED. Be alert and remain stopped until signaled to proceed. SLOW.
St. Louis Fairfield Flora Ford City Mall Freeport Galena Galesburg Gibson City Golconda Granite City Greenup Greenville Hardin Harrisburg Havana Hennepin Hillsboro Hoopeston Jacksonville Jerseyville Joliet Kewanee Lacon La Salle Lawrenceville Libertyville Lincoln Lombard Macomb Marion • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Truck/bus only Renewals only-DL/ID Must have DL/ID No CDL road test 98 .Guide to Services Dr ive r Co ’s L ice mm ns Ide erci e al nti Dr Te ficat i ion ver’s mp Lic Ca Vis orary en rd ion Dr se ive T Wr r’s itte est Lic n Ro Te en ad st se Te Ve h i c st V e le P lat hic es l Dr e S ti ive r A cker Vo s bs ter tr Re act Re gis ins tra Co t a t e tio m n rre cte e n t Ch an d L i ce ge ns of Ad e dre ss Albion Aledo Anna Aurora Beardstown Belleville Belvidere Benton Bethalto Bloomington Bradley Bridgeview Cairo Canton Carbondale Carlinville Carmi Carthage Centralia Chadwick Champaign Charleston Chicago Central Chicago Diversey Express Chicago Heights Chicago Loop Express Chicago North Chicago South Chicago West Clinton Decatur Deerfield DeKalb Dixon Edwardsville Effingham Elgin Elizabethtown Elk Grove Village CDL E.
Carmel Mt. Sterling Mt.DL/ID Truck/Bus only Truck/bus only 99 .Guide to Services Dr ive r Co ’s L ice mm ns Ide erci e al nti Dr Te ficat i ion ver’s mp Lic Ca Vis orary en rd ion Dr se ive T Wr r’s itte est Lic n Ro Te en ad st se Te Ve h i c st V e le P lat hic es l Dr e S ti ive r A cker Vo s bs ter tr Re act Re gis ins tra Co t a t e tio m n rre cte e n t Ch an d L i ce ge ns of Ad e dre ss Marshall Mattoon McLeansboro Melrose Park Mendota Metropolis Midlothian Moline Monmouth Monticello Morris Mounds Mt. Vernon Murphysboro Naperville Nashville Newton Niles Olney Oquawka Oregon Ottawa Orland Park Paris Pekin Peoria Petersburg Pinckneyville Pittsfield Plano Pontiac Princeton Quincy Rantoul Roanoke Robinson Rockford Rockford CDL Roodhouse Roscoe Rushville Salem Schaumburg Shawneetown Shelbyville South Holland CDL Sparta Springfield – Dirksen Springfield – Klein& Mason Sterling Streator Sullivan Taylorville Tilton (Danville) Tuscola Vandalia Vienna Waterloo Watseka Waukegan West Chicago CDL Wheaton Winchester Woodstock Wyoming • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Renewal only .
................... 25..... 24 Gates and barriers ............ 89 Change of name or address ................................. 28 License plates ......................................... 40 Disabled vehicles ...... 69 Horn ... 85.............................. 43 Left turns ................................................................................................... 70 Equipment ................................... 44 Fire ........................................................ 86 Buses..................................................... 60-61 Guide to services ... 30 Antique vehicle ............................................ 83 Emergency medical information card . 17 Construction/maintenance signs ......................................................... 22 Children as pedestrians ................................................. 7 Crash check list ... 10-11 Curves ..................................... 79 Bumpers .................................... 18-20 Driver’s license ......................... 4-17 Driving off pavement ................. 42 Crash reports ........................................... 22 Alcohol ............................ 78 Following distances ........ 12-13 Emergency vehicles ... 70 Blind persons ... 26-27............................................................... 13 Loss of a wheel ........ 91-92 License plates – special ... 85-86 Living will ........................ 13 Hitchhiking ............................................................................................................... 4-5 Joggers and walkers ........................................................................................... 78-79................................... 82 Defensive driving ...................... 49 Driving under the influence (DUI) laws ................ 29........................................................ 7 Electricity .. 86 Horseback riders ....... 82 Driving record ............................................ 73 Learning to drive .... driving of ........... 51-52 Commercial driver’s license ....................... 10-11 Aggressive Driving ........ 80 Blood alcohol concentration (BAC) ..... 80............................................................. 76 Designated driver .................... 82 Certificate of title ................................. 89-90 100 .............. 11 Identification requirements ................................................................... license plate .................................................. 32 Hydroplaning .................................. 80 Mandatory insurance . 85 Bridges ................................................. 87 Appearing in court .................................................... 79 Identification card ............... 13 Fees........ 27............................................................. 28-29 Child passenger protection act .................................................................... 5-6 Corrected license .......... 85 Head-on approaches .............................................. driver’s license ....................................................... 79............ 23.................... 80 Brakes ................. 82 Headsets .................................................Index Terms Page Age restrictions ............ 37 Instruction permits ............. 16 Identification fraud penalties ......................... 15.................................................................... 32 Health and driving . 25 Blocked vision ........ 59-60 Controlled access roadway . 36-37 DUI victim’s rights ... 4-6 Leaving the scene of a crash ................... 95 Changing lanes ................................ 25....................... 93 License requirements ........................................ 81 Fees................... 75 Air Bags ............. 36-40 Terms Page Drugs ..................... 11-12 Carbon monoxide .................................................................................................. 49 Bicyclist .............................. 16 Colors of signs .. 82 Fog .. 40 Duplicate license ........ 73 House trailer ...................................................... 83 Cellular phone ........................................... 8-10 Implied consent law .................................... 48 Lane usage ....... 76-77 Funeral processions .................. 36 Blowouts ........................................................... 70 Guide signs .......... 36-40 Alleys and driveways ...... 85-87 Expressway driving ....................................................... 73-74 Classifications.................................... 70 Judicial driving permits ........................................... 27 Headlight failure ........... 42-43 Crosswalks ................................................................ 68-69 Curfew ............................... 14-15 Color-coded driver’s license ........................ 98-99 Hand and arm signals ...... 4-6 Driver tests .................................... 8-12 Lights ..................................................................................... 31 Cooperative driver testing program .............................................................. driver’s license ......................... 92 Financial responsibility law ....................... 80 Headlight law ........ 7........................................... 32 Driver education ...........................................................
.... 16 Mirrors ............................................. 87 Radar detectors . 29-30 School signs ................................................... 72-73 Motorcycles ........ 62-67 Trucks .................... 86 Safety responsibility law ..................... 12 Organ Donor Central Registry .................................. 17 Shapes of signs .............. 23-25 Zero tolerance ............................................................................................................................................... 82 Weather ........................ 23 Military deferrals .. 21-22 Passing ........................ 79...............................Terms Page Terms Page Merging traffic ...................... 56 Senior citizens ................ 30......................... 97 Written test ..................... 26.............................. 18-19 Voter registration ...................................... 27-29 Unattended vehicles ................................................. 8-9 Revocation ............................................................................................................................ 42-43 Traffic laws .............................. 66-67.......................... 79 Winter driving ..15-16 Special driving situations ...................... 23-25 Right turns ............ 14-15.... 48 Requirements for driver’s license ...................................................................................... 15............................ 18 Overloading ....................................... 86 Windy driving ........ 21-22....... 64-66 Pedestrian right-of-way .. 72 Muffler .................. 92-93 Turn signals .... 50-51 Sharing the road ..... 71-72 Motorized pedalcycles ...... 19 Yield right-of-way ............................................................................ 68 Power of Attorney .. 90 Titles .................... 80 Suspension ............................ 87 Railroad crossings .......................................................... 68-74 Signs ..... 80-83 Speed limit ............................................. 12 U-turns .. 33 Vehicle registration card ................ 27................. 22-23............................ 37 Steering failure .............. 78-80 Windows ....................................................................................................................................... 77-78 Water accidents ................ 87 Temporary registration permits ........................... 73 Snowmobiles .................................................................................................. 77 Statutory summary suspension ............................................................................................................... 6-7 Restricted driving permits .......... 32 Traffic crashes .............. 80 Stopping ................................................................................................................ 86 Turning .................................... 79-80 Wipers .. 43 School buses ....... 46-47 Televisions ............................. 89 Towed vehicles ....................................................................................... 69 Special driving permits ... 29-30.............................. 27-28 Safe driving tips ......... 13 Projecting loads .................. 18 Warning signs .... 27-29 Skidding ................... 91-92 Vision screening ..... 51 0201 736 – 400M – English Edition – June 2001 101 ................... 86 New residents .... 82 Slow vehicles . 43 Uniform donor cards .................................................................................... 77 Stopping distance .............................................................................. 29 Vehicle emission testing ..... 86 Work area signals ...... 74.............. 25.. 77-78 Rain .. 55-59. 76-77 Stuck gas pedal ...................... 79 Regulatory signs ................. 21-33 Traffic signals and markings .................. 52-55 Renewing your license ............. 38-39 Printed by authority of the State of Illinois DSD A-112............. 50-61 Signaling ........... 75-83 Safety belts .....8 FY 01 – Req....... 25-26 Pavement markings ...................... 30-32 Parking for persons with disabilities .......................................................................... 45 Right-of-way .................... 31 Passenger safety laws ....... 73 Soliciting ................................................................................. 81-82 Organ donor program .............................. 32 Parking ............................................................................................................. 10 Night driving ................. 27.................... 86 Moped .......... 68-70 Police/emergency vehicles ................ 71................................................
or license plates for persons with disabilities. License for commercial drivers age 21 and over. PARKING FOR PERSONS WITH DISABILITIES: Parking spaces with this sign are reserved for vehicles displaying disabled veteran license plates. 103 . Licenses for drivers age 21 and over. Back of driver’s license includes Uniform Donor Card and space for medical information. RESERVED PARKING $100 FINE Give'em a SLOW DOWN BRAKE ROAD WORKS ZONES: This sign identifies areas where road construction or maintenance work is being done. Other Special Signs SLOW MOVING VEHICLE: A vehicle displaying this sign is moving slowly. Drivers should slow down and drive with extreme caution. parking placards.Digital Drivers’ Licenses Licenses for drivers under age 21.
S. he or she can’t see you. AVOID THESE FOUR BLIND SPOTS: NO ZONE 1 NO ZONE NO ZONE 3 4 2 NO ZONE 1 2 3 4 Don’t return to the driving lane until you can see the entire front of the truck in your rear view mirror.cyberdriveillinois. he or she can’t see you. If you can’t see one of the truck driver’s side mirrors. of Transportation/Traffic Safety Division U. If you can’t see the truck driver in his or her side mirror. Don’t enter the area between the curb or shoulder and the truck if the truck is signaling a turn. Illinois Dept.com 104 . Department of Transportation/ National Highway Traffic Safety Administration JESSE WHITE Secretary of State Toll-Free (800) 252-8980 (Voice or TTY) (800) 252-2904 www.WHEN SHARING THE ROAD WITH TRUCKS.