UNIVERSITAS BATANGHARI

FAKULTAS TEKNIK/SIPIL

TUGAS MATA KULIAH :

STATIKA & MEKANIKA BAHAN I

BOBDY ARDY. S
0500810203006

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

1. HITUNG DAN GAMBARKAN BIDANG MOMEN, LINTANG DAN NORMAL
P Sin a

q2 = 5 T/m'
q1 = 3 T/m'

P = 10 T

35°

A

D

C
1,00

E

2,00

2,00

B

F

1,00

3,00

9,00

a
P Cos a
P Sin a

=
=
=

o

35
10 x
10 x

cos 35
cos 35

=
=

8,19
5,74

T
T

Perhitungan Reaksi Tumpuan

ΣMB = 0
. 6 - q1 . 2 . 4 - q2 . 2 . 2 + P Sin a

RAV
6

RAV

6

RAV

- 3 . 2 . 4 - 5 . 2 . 2 +
-26,79

5,74

. 3 = 0
. 3 = 0

= 0
RAV

26,79
6

=

=

4,47

T (↑)

ΣMA = 0
P Sin a

. 9 -

5,74

RBV

. 6 + q2 . 2 . 4 + q1 . 2 . 2 = 0

. 9 - 6

RBV

- 6

RBV

+ 5 . 2 . 4 + 3 . 2 . 2 = 0
+ 103,62 = 0
103,62
RBV =
=
6

17,27

T (↑)

ΣV= 0
RAV + RBV - q1 . 2 - q2 . 2 - P Sin a = 0
4,47 + 17,27 - 3 . 2 - 5 . 2 5,74 = 0
21,74
21,74
= 0
0,00 = 0

ΣH= 0
RAH

= P Cos a

RAH

=

8,19

T (→)

TEKNIK SIPIL

P Cos a

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

Perhitungan Gaya Dalam
*) Freebody AC, interval 0 ≤ x ≥ 1
Mx

1,00
RAH

C

A
RAV

Dx

RAV . x
4,47
x

x = 0 , MA

=

0

T.m

x = 1 , MC

= 4,47 T.m

x

= dMx / dx
= 4,47
= DC
= 4,47

DA

=
=

T

Nx

= -8,19 (Tekan)

NA

= NC

=

-8,19

T

*) Freebody CD, interval 1 ≤ x ≥ 3
q1 = 3 T/m'
RAH

1,00

2,00

RAV

Mx

=

D

C

A

x

RAV

=

. x -

1/2

. q1 . (x-1)

2

x -

1/2

. 3 .

2

4,47

=

4,47

x - 1,50 x

2

( x

- 2 x + 1 )

+ 3,00 x - 1,50

2

= - 1,50 x
+ 7,47 x - 1,50
x = 1 , MC
= 4,47 T.m
x = 3 , MD

= 7,40 T.m

dMx / dx
= 0
- 3,00 x + 7,47 = 0
x
= 2,49 m
Mmax

=

7,79

T.m

Dx

= dMx / dx
= - 3,00 x + 7,47
x = 1 , DC
= 4,47 T
x = 3 , DD

= -1,53

Nx

= -8,19 (Tekan)

NC

= ND

=

-8,19

T

T

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

*) Freebody DE, interval 3 ≤ x ≥ 5
q2 = 5 T/m'
q1 = 3 T/m'
RAH

D

C

A

1,00

E

2,00

2,00

RAV

Mx

=
=
=

RAV

. x - q1 . 2 . (x-2) -

4,47
4,47

x - 3 . 2 .

( x - 2 )

= - 2,50 x
+ 13,47 x
x = 3 , MD
= 7,40 T.m
=

-5,67

2

. 5 .

( x

2

- 6 x + 9 )

+ 15,00 x - 22,50

-10,50

< 3 m

Dx

= dMx / dx
= - 5,00 x + 13,47
x = 3 , DD
= -1,53 T
=

1/2

2

T.m

dMx / dx
= 0
- 5,00 x + 13,47 = 0
x
= 2,69 m

x = 5 , DE

. q2 . (x-3)

x - 6,00 x + 12,00 - 2,50 x
2

x = 5 , ME

1/2

-11,53

(Mmax tidak pada interval DE)
Nx

= -8,19 (Tekan)

ND

= NE

=

-8,19

T

T

*) Freebody FB, interval 0 ≤ x ≥ 3
P Sin a
P = 10 T

B

P Cos a

F
3,00
x

Mx

= - P Sin a
= 5,74

. x
x

x = 0 , MF

=

x = 3 , MB

=

Dx
DF

0

T.m

-17,21

= dMx / dx
= 5,74
= DB
= 5,74

T

T.m
Nx

= -8,19 (Tekan)

NF

= NB

=

-8,19

T

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

*) Freebody BE, interval 3 ≤ x ≥ 4
P Sin a
P = 10 T

35°

E

B

F

1,00

3,00
RBV

x

= - P Sin a
= - 5,74
= - 5,74
=
11,53
x = 3 , MB
=

Mx

x = 4 , ME
Dx
DB

P Cos a

=

. x + RBV ( x - 3 )
x
+ 17,27 ( x - 3 )
x
+ 17,27 x - 51,81
x - 51,81
-17,21 T.m
-5,67

= dMx / dx
= -11,53
= DE
= -11,53

T.m

T

Nx

= -8,19 (Tekan)

NB

= NE

=

-8,19

T

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

P Sin

q2 = 5 T/m'
q1 = 3 T/m'

A

C
1,00

D
2,00

E
2,00
9,00

B

F

1,00

P = 10 T
P Cos

3,00

- 17,21 T.m

- 5,67 T.m

M

(-)

(+)
+ 4,47 T.m
X = 2,49

+ 7,40 T.m
+ 7,79 T.m
+ 5,74 T

+ 4,47 T

(+)

(+)

D

(-)

- 1,53 T

- 11,53 T
- 8,19 T

(-)

N

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

2. HITUNG DAN GAMBARKAN BIDANG MOMEN, LINTANG DAN NORMAL
P Sin a
q = 5 T/m'

P=5T

30°

P Cos a

D

a
P Cos a
P Sin a

E

=
=
=

30
5
5

o

x
x

cos
cos

30
30

=
=

10,00

C

A

B
4,00

4,50
8,50

Perhitungan Reaksi Tumpuan

ΣMB = 0
- q . 4 .

6,5

- P Sin a

.

4,5

- P Cos a

.

10

= 0

RAV

- 5 . 4 .

6,5

-

.

4,5

-

.

10

= 0

RAV

-184,55

RAV

.

8,5
8,5

8,5

2,50

4,33

= 0

RAV

=

21,71

T (↑)

ΣMA = 0
-

RBV

.

8,5

-

8,5

RBV

-

8,5

RBV

- P Cos a
-

+

4,33
6,70
RBV

.
.

10
10

+ P Sin a
+

.

2,50

.

4
4

+
+

1/2
1/2

. q . 4

2

= 0

. 5 . 4

2

= 0

= 0
=

0,79

T (↑)

ΣV= 0
RAV + RBV - q . 4 - P Sin a
21,71 + 0,79
- 5 . 4 2,50
22,50
22,5
0,00

=
=
=
=

0
0
0
0

ΣH= 0
RAH

= P Cos a

RAH

=

4,33

T (→)

TEKNIK SIPIL

4,33
2,50

T
T

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

Perhitungan Gaya Dalam
*) Freebody AC, interval 0 ≤ y ≥ 10
C

10,00

Mx

0

, MA

=

0,00

T.m

y =

10

, MC

=

-43,30

T.m

y
DA

A

RAH . y
4,33
y

y =

Dy
RAH

= = -

= dMy / dy
= 4,33
= DC
= 4,33

T

Ny

=

RAV

NA

= NC

=

-21,71 (Tekan)

=

-21,71

T

RAV

*) Freebody CD, interval 0 ≤ x ≥ 4
q = 5 T/m'

C

Mx
D

4,00

x

= -

RAH

= -

1/2 . q . x 2
4,33
. 10 +

10,00

-

1/2

.

10

+

. 5 . x

= - 2,50 x

2

+

RAV

. x
21,71

x

2

21,71

x = 0 , MC

=

-43,30

T.m

x = 4 , MD

=

3,55

T.m

x -

43,30

RAH

dMx / dx
= 0
- 5,00 x + 21,71 = 0
x = 4,34 m
> 4
(Mmax tidak terdapat pada interval CD)

A
RAV

Dx

= dMx / dx
= - 5,00 x + 21,71
x = 0 , DC
= 21,71 T
x = 4 , DD

=

1,71

Nx

=

RAH

NC

= ND

=

-4,33

(Tekan)

=

-4,33

T

T

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

*) Freebody BE, interval 0 ≤ y ≥ 10
My

= 0

MB

= ME

= 0

Ny

=

=

-0,79

(Tekan)

NB

= NE

=

-0,79

T

Mx

=
=

RBV

Dy

= dMy / dy
= 0
= DE
= 0

DB

y

10,00

E

B
RBV

*) Freebody ED, interval 0 ≤ x ≥ 4,5
E

4,50

x

10,00

D

x =

0

, MB

=

0,00

T.m

x =

4,5

, ME

=

3,55

T.m

Dx
B
RBV

RBV . x
0,79
x

DB

= dMx / dx
= -0,79
= DE
= -0,79

Nx
NE

= 0
= ND

T

= 0

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

P Sin
q = 5 T/m'

P=5T
P Cos

D

E

10,00

C

RAH

A

B
4,00

RAV

4,50
8,50

RBV

- 43,30 T.m

- 43,30 T.m

(-)
(+)

(-)

+ 3,55T.m

M

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006
+ 21,71T

+ 1,71T

(+)

D

(+)

+ 4,33 T

- 0,79T

- 4,33T

(-)

- 0,79 T

- 21,71 T

(-)

N

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

3. PERHITUNGAN GARIS PENGARUH
P=1T

x

A

D

C
2,00

4,00

3,00

Akibat beban P = 1 T bergerak dari A ke B
9
*) P = 1 T di A
, RA =
x
1
9

*) P = 1 T di C

*) P = 1 T di D

*) P = 1 T di B

P=1T

,

,

,

=

1,00

T

RB

=

0
x
9

1

=

0,00

T

RA

=

7
x
9

1

=

0,78

T

RB

=

2
x
9

1

=

0,22

T

RA

=

3
x
9

1

=

0,33

T

RB

=

6
x
9

1

=

0,67

T

RA

=

0
x
9

1

=

0,00

T

RB

=

9
x
9

1

=

1,00

T

x

A

D

C
2,00

1,00

B

4,00

0,78

0,22

B
3,00
GP. RA

0,33

0,67

1,00

GP. RB

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

Akibat beban bergerak dan beban mati
a). RA Maksimum
Alternatif 1

PLL = 5 T

PLL = 5 T

qDL = 5 T/m

PDL = 2 T

A

0,33

0,78

1,00
2,00

y1 =
y2 =

4,00

B

GP. RA

B

GP. RA

3,00

1,00 T
7
9

RA = (

x 1,00 = 0,78

PLL .

y1 )

y4 =

T

+ (

PLL .

y2 )

+ ( Luas Diagram GP .
qDL )
= ( 5 . 1,00 ) + ( 5 . 0,78 )
0,78 + 0,33
+ (
x 4 x 5 )
2
= 21,56 T

3
9

x 1,00 = 0,33

+ (

PDL .

+ (

2.

T

y2 )
0,78 )

Alternatif 2

PLL = 5 T

PLL = 5 T

qDL = 5 T/m

PDL = 2 T

A
2,00

y3 =

0,33

0,78

5
9

RA = (

2,00

x 1,00 = 0,56
PLL .

y2 )

+ (

2,00

3,00

T
PLL .

y3 )

+ ( Luas Diagram GP .
qDL )
= ( 5 . 0,78 ) + ( 5 . 0,56 )
0,78 + 0,33
+ (
x 4 x 5 )
2
= 19,33 T

+ (

PDL .

+ (

2.

y2 )
0,78 )

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

Alternatif 3

PLL = 5 T

qDL = 5 T/m

PDL = 2 T

A

RA = (

PLL .

2,00

y3 )

B

0,33

0,56

0,78
2,00

PLL = 5 T

2,00

+ (

PLL .

y4 )

+ ( Luas Diagram GP .
qDL )
= ( 5 . 0,56 ) + ( 5 . 0,33 )
0,78 + 0,33
+ (
x 4 x 5 )
2
= 17,11 T

GP. RA

3,00

+ (

PDL .

+ (

2.

y2 )
0,78 )

+
+ (

5

.

4 .

0,00 )

Alternatif 4

PLL = 5 T

qDL = 5 T/m

PDL = 2 T

A

0,11

1
9

RA = (

4,00

x 1,00 = 0,11
PLL .

y4 )

B

0,33

0,78
2,00

y5 =

PLL = 5 T

+ (

2,00

GP. RA

1,00

T
PLL .

y5 )

+ ( Luas Diagram GP .
qDL )
= ( 5 . 0,33 ) + ( 5 . 0,11 )
0,78 + 0,33
+ (
x 4 x 5 )
2
= 14,89 T

+ (

PDL .

+ (

2.

y2 )
0,78 )

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

Alternatif 5

PLL = 5 T

qDL = 5 T/m

PDL = 2 T

A

0,33

0,78
2,00

y6 =

2
9

RA = (

4,00

x 1,00 = 0,22
PLL .

y6 )

+ (

0,22

1,00

B

GP. RA

2,00

T
PLL .

y0 )

+ ( Luas Diagram GP .
qDL )
= ( 5 . 0,22 ) + ( 5 . 0,00 )
0,78 + 0,33
+ (
x 4 x 5 )
2
= 13,78 T
Jadi, RA Maksimum =

PLL = 5 T

+ (

PDL .

+ (

2.

y2 )
0,78 )

21,56 T

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

b). RB Maksimum
Alternatif 1

PLL = 5 T

PLL = 5 T

qDL = 5 T/m

PDL = 2 T

A

0,22

0,67

2,00

y1 =
y3 =

2
9
6
9

RB = (

4,00

x 1,00 = 0,22

T

x 1,00 = 0,67

T

PLL .

y0 )

+ (

PLL .

B

GP. RB

B

GP. RB

1,00
3,00

y1 )

+ ( Luas Diagram GP .
qDL )
= ( 5 . 0,00 ) + ( 5 . 0,22 )
0,22 + 0,67
+ (
x 4 x 5 )
2
= 10,44 T

+ (

PDL .

+ (

2.

y1 )
0,22 )

Alternatif 2

PLL = 5 T

PLL = 5 T

qDL = 5 T/m

PDL = 2 T

A

0,22
2,00

y2 =

4
9

RB = (

0,44
2,00

x 1,00 = 0,44
PLL .

y1 )

+ (

0,67
2,00

1,00
3,00

T
PLL .

y2 )

+ ( Luas Diagram GP .
qDL )
= ( 5 . 0,22 ) + ( 5 . 0,44 )
0,22 + 0,67
+ (
x 4 x 5 )
2
= 12,67 T

+ (

PDL .

+ (

2.

y1 )
0,22 )

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

Alternatif 3

PLL = 5 T

qDL = 5 T/m

PDL = 2 T

A

0,44

0,22
2,00

RB = (

2,00

PLL .

y2 )

PLL = 5 T

+ (

0,67
2,00

PLL .

y3 )

+ ( Luas Diagram GP .
qDL )
= ( 5 . 0,44 ) + ( 5 . 0,67 )
0,22 + 0,67
+ (
x 4 x 5 )
2
= 14,89 T

B

GP. RB

B

GP. RB

1,00
3,00

+ (

PDL .

+ (

2.

y1 )
0,22 )

Alternatif 4

0,22
2,00

y4 =

8
9

RB = (

0,67

0,89

4,00

x 1,00 = 0,89
PLL .

PLL = 5 T

qDL = 5 T/m

PDL = 2 T

A

PLL = 5 T

y3 )

+ (

2,00

1,00

1,00

T
PLL .

y4 )

+ ( Luas Diagram GP .
qDL )
= ( 5 . 0,67 ) + ( 5 . 0,89 )
0,22 + 0,67
+ (
x 4 x 5 )
2
= 17,11 T

+ (

PDL .

+ (

2.

y1 )

+ (

0,22 )

+ (

qDL .
5

.

L .

y2 )

4 .

0,00 )

TEKNIK SIPIL

BOBDY ARDY. S

0500810203006

Alternatif 5

0,22
2,00

y5 =

7
9

RB = (

4,00

x 1,00 = 0,78
PLL .

y5 )

0,78

1,00

+ (

1,00

B

GP. RB

2,00

T
PLL .

y6 )

+ ( Luas Diagram GP .
qDL )
= ( 5 . 0,78 ) + ( 5 . 1,00 )
0,22 + 0,67
+ (
x 4 x 5 )
2
= 18,22 T
Jadi, RB Maksimum =

PLL = 5 T

qDL = 5 T/m

PDL = 2 T

A

PLL = 5 T

+ (

PDL .

+ (

2.

y1 )

+ (

0,22 )

+ (

qDL .
5

.

L .

y2 )

4 .

0,00 )

18,22 T

TEKNIK SIPIL

Sign up to vote on this title