MATRICES Definition : A matrix is a rectangular array of numbers of functions enclosed in brackets. These numbers of functions are called entries or elements of the matrix. .

GENERAL NOTATION OF A MATRIX A = [ ajk] = A matrix is always denoted by capital letter .

For example A=  RECTANGULAR MATRIX:.TYPES OF MATRICES  SQUARE MATRIX:. ......If the number of rows of a matrix is equal to number of columns then such a matrix is known as a square matrix.If the matrix is not a square matrix then it is called a rectangular matrix..... For example A = Continue.

Any entries above or below the main diagonal must be zero. e.In the diagonal matrix all the elements are equal to unity. . e.g. DIAGONAL MATRIX:.A square matrix in which all the elements on the main diagonal are non-zero. It is denoted by I. I = Continue«««.g. A=  IDENTITY MATRIX:.

 TRANSPOSITION OF MATRIX: In m x n matrix first row of a matrix as its first column. SINGULAR MATRIX:.If the value of the determinant of the matrix is zero then it is called singular matrix. the second row as its second column. and so on. |A| = 0.e. i. It is denoted by A¶ or AT Continue«««. .

A  .If the transpose of a matrix is equal to the minus of given matrix then it is called skew-symmetric matrix.If the transpose of a matrix is equal to the given matrix then it is called symmetric matrix. AT = . i.e. i. AT = A SKEW-SYMMETRIC MATRIX:. SYMMETRIC MATRIX:.e.

General concepts  MATRIX ADDITON:. .s  MATRIX MULTIPLICATION:.The product of any m x n matrix A and any scalar c.  SCALR MULTIPLICTION:.Addition is defined only for matrices A and B of the same size. is the m x n matrix cA obtained by multiplying each element in A by c.The product C = AB of an m x n matrix A and r x p matrix is defined if and only if r = n. that is. Number of columns of A = Number of rows of B. is then obtained by adding the corresponding elements. their sum written A+B. written as cA.

 By finding the rank of matrix we can talk about the existence of the solution of the system  .APPLICATION OF MATRICES We can solve the system of liner equations using matrix method.