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MATRICES Definition : A matrix is a rectangular array of numbers of functions enclosed in brackets. . These numbers of functions are called entries or elements of the matrix.

GENERAL NOTATION OF A MATRIX A = [ ajk] = A matrix is always denoted by capital letter .

If the matrix is not a square matrix then it is called a rectangular matrix.TYPES OF MATRICES SQUARE MATRIX:...If the number of rows of a matrix is equal to number of columns then such a matrix is known as a square matrix.. . For example A= RECTANGULAR MATRIX:....... For example A = Continue.

. e.In the diagonal matrix all the elements are equal to unity. Any entries above or below the main diagonal must be zero. e. A= IDENTITY MATRIX:. DIAGONAL MATRIX:.g. It is denoted by I.g.A square matrix in which all the elements on the main diagonal are non-zero. I = Continue«««.

.e. i. TRANSPOSITION OF MATRIX: In m x n matrix first row of a matrix as its first column. It is denoted by A¶ or AT Continue«««. and so on. |A| = 0.If the value of the determinant of the matrix is zero then it is called singular matrix. the second row as its second column. SINGULAR MATRIX:.

AT = A SKEW-SYMMETRIC MATRIX:.A .e.e.If the transpose of a matrix is equal to the given matrix then it is called symmetric matrix. SYMMETRIC MATRIX:. i. AT = . i.If the transpose of a matrix is equal to the minus of given matrix then it is called skew-symmetric matrix.

Number of columns of A = Number of rows of B. written as cA. is then obtained by adding the corresponding elements.The product of any m x n matrix A and any scalar c.Addition is defined only for matrices A and B of the same size. is the m x n matrix cA obtained by multiplying each element in A by c. their sum written A+B. .The product C = AB of an m x n matrix A and r x p matrix is defined if and only if r = n. SCALR MULTIPLICTION:.General concepts MATRIX ADDITON:.s MATRIX MULTIPLICATION:. that is.

By finding the rank of matrix we can talk about the existence of the solution of the system .APPLICATION OF MATRICES We can solve the system of liner equations using matrix method.

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