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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures TABLE OF CONTENTS

Page Introduction....................................................................................................................................................... v Chapter 1 Levels of Service ..................................................................................................................... 1-1 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 2.1 2.2 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 Level 1: Minimum Level of Service .................................................................................................. 1-1 Level 2: Routine Fuelling Total Fuel Required.............................................................................. 1-2 Level 3: Routine Fuelling Distribution Required & Discrepancy Checking ................................... 1-2 Level 4: Non-Routine Fuelling.......................................................................................................... 1-3 Safety Precautions Prior to Commencing Fuelling ........................................................................... 2-1 Caution .............................................................................................................................................. 2-3 General ............................................................................................................................................. 3-4 Responsibility Airlines .................................................................................................................... 3-4 Responsibility Fuelling Company................................................................................................... 3-4 Level 1: Fuelling Procedure All Aircraft Types.............................................................................. 3-5 Level 2 and 3: Airbus Industrie ........................................................................................................ 3-6 A318, A319, A320, A321 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures...................................... 3-6 A330 and A340- 200 and- 300 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures ............................. 3-2 A300 B2 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure ................................................................. 3-2 A300 B4 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure ................................................................. 3-6 A300- 600 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure............................................................. 3-11 A310-200 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure.............................................................. 3-16 A310-300 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure.............................................................. 3-20 A340- 500 and - 600 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures ......................................... 3-25 A380 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures ................................................................... 3-43 A380 Level 2 & 3 Manual Control Fuelling Procedures.......................................................... 3-51 ATP Level 2 & 3 Manual Fuelling Procedure........................................................................... 3-33 BAE 146/AVRO RJ (All Series) Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures.......................... 3-21 J41 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure........................................................................ 3-40 B717 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure ..................................................................... 3-29 B727-100/200 Manual Level 3 Fuelling Procedure ................................................................. 3-33 B737-100/200 Manual Level 3 Fuelling Procedure ................................................................. 3-37 B737 300/400/500 Manual Level 3 Fuelling Procedure .......................................................... 3-42 B737 600/700/800/900 Automatic Level 3 Fuelling Procedure ............................................... 3-47 B747-100/200/300 Level 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure ...................................................... 3-60 B747-400 Levels 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure with Horizontal Stabilizer Tank .......... 3-56 B747-400 Levels 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure Without Horizontal Stabilizer ............. 3-60

Chapter 2 Safety........................................................................................................................................ 2-1

Chapter 3 Fuelling Procedure.................................................................................................................. 3-4

3.5.1 3.5.2 3.5.3 3.5.4 3.5.5 3.5.6 3.5.7 3.5.8 3.5.9 3.5.10 3.6 3.6.1 3.6.2 3.6.3 3.7 3.7.1 3.7.2 3.7.3 3.7.4 3.7.5 3.7.6 3.7.7 3.7.8

BAE, AVRO Fuelling Procedures.................................................................................................... 3-33

Boeing Fuelling Procedures............................................................................................................ 3-29

Levels of Service
3.7.9 3.7.10 3.7.11 3.8 3.8.1 3.8.2 3.8.3 3.9 3.9.1 3.9.2 3.10 3.10.1 3.10.2 3.10.3 3.10.4 3.11 3.11.1 3.11.2 3.12 3.12.1 3.12.2 3.13 3.14 3.13.1 3.14.1 4.1 4.2 4.3 B757 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure..................................................................... 3-64 B767 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure..................................................................... 3-68 B777 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure....................................................................... 3-2 DC-10 (All Series) MD10 Level 2 & 3 Manual Fuelling Procedure ........................................... 3-7 MD80/MD90 and DC9 Series Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure .............................. 3-11 MD 11 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure .................................................................. 3-16 Dornier 228 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure .......................................................... 3-22 Dornier 328 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure .......................................................... 3-25 EMB 120 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures ............................................................ 3-30 EMB 135 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures .......................................................... 3-147 EMB 145 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures .......................................................... 3-151 EMB 170&190 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures.................................................. 3-158 SAAB 340 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure ............................................................ 3-49 SAAB 2000 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure .......................................................... 3-52 Dash 8 Series 100, Series 200 & Series 300 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure ...... 3-55 Dash8 Q400 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure...................................................... 3-59 CRJ (All) Level 2 & Level 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure.................................................... 3-64 ATR 42 and ATR 72 Level 2 & Level 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure................................... 3-70

McDonnell Douglas Level 2 and 3.................................................................................................... 3-7

Fairchild-Dornier Fuelling Procedures............................................................................................ 3-22

Embraer Fuelling Procedures........................................................... 3-Error! Bookmark not defined.

SAAB Fuelling Procedures ............................................................................................................. 3-30

De Havilland Fuelling Procedures .................................................................................................. 3-55

Canadair Fuelling Procedures ........................................................................................................ 3-63 Aerospatiale/Aeritalia Fuelling Procedures .................................................................................... 3-69

Chapter 4 Aircraft Refuel Sheet .............................................................................................................. 4-1 Introduction ....................................................................................................................................... 4-1 Refuel Sheet Instructions ................................................................................................................. 4-1 Generic Aircraft Refuel Sheet........................................................................................................... 4-2 Aircraft Refuel Sheet Example B747-400............................................................................. 4-4 Aircraft Refuel Sheet Example B777-200............................................................................. 4-5 Aircraft Refuel Sheet Example MD-11.................................................................................. 4-6

4.3.1 4.3.2 4.3.3

Glossary of Terminology.............................................................................................................................. 5-1

1-

INTRODUCTION
Certain IATA Member airlines, Oil industry and Into-Plane Fuelling Companies recognised the need to develop Aircraft Fuelling Procedures in a standard style and format, particularly when fuelling company employees began to take over responsibility for operating the aircraft fuelling system switches from the Airlines, with the goal of ensuring that refuelling would be carried out safely and accurately. The standardization of the into-plane fuelling operation would also bring huge cost savings to the industry in the training of fuelling operatives. To achieve these objectives, the IATA Technical Fuel Group (TFG), formely Aviation Fuel Working Group (AFWG) formed a Steering Group, of Airlines, Airframe Manufacturers and Fuelling Companies whose mandate was to develop simplified refuelling procedures to ensure that a standard format can be used for similar refuelling procedures for the same type of aircraft. Four different Levels of service have been defined, and simplified procedures to cover the vast majority of routine refuellings have been developed for each type of aircraft. A recommended Aircraft Refuel Sheet has also been developed by Into-plane Fuelling Companies/Operators, the adoption of which is paramount to the final success of the project. It is proposed to revise this IATA Guidance Material, whenever significant changes need to be introduced and/or to include additional aircraft types.

CHAPTER 1 LEVELS OF SERVICE


There are FOUR (4) Levels of Into-Plane Fuelling Service ranging from the least complex, as outlined in Level 1 requirements, to the most complex, as outlined in Level 4. The Fuelling Personnel will be considered to be an Authorised Refueller, qualified to operate aircraft switches to refuel aircraft, if they have successfully completed the training provided by an Approved Fuelling Instructor. Training will include each aircraft fleet type assigned to the station, including diversion fleet types. Details of the requirements are identified in the Fuelling operative Levels 1 through 4.

1.1

LEVEL 1: MINIMUM LEVEL OF SERVICE


A. The Fuelling Personnel of the contracted company is essentially to provide up-to plane service that includes: (1) operating a fuel vehicle, making necessary nozzle connections to fuel hydrant pit and aircraft; (2) operating the deadman control. B. An airline-authorised refueller will perform all other into-plane fuelling procedures and is responsible for all fuel servicing requirements. C. Level 1 service includes all the following base level procedures only: (1) Have adequate knowledge of fuelling vehicle systems and operations. (2) Approach and position the fuelling vehicle at the aircraft in accordance with local and driving regulations. (3) Set fuelling vehicle brake and install wheel chocks if brake interlocks are not installed. (4) Bond fuelling vehicle to aircraft and ground if required. (5) Open aircraft wing fuelling panel and remove fuelling adapter caps (if installed). (6) Connect fuelling hoses to aircraft. (7) Hydrant system connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. (8) Provide fuel volume and density of fuel loaded, when requested. (9) Perform clear and bright fuel appearance checks at the aircraft in accordance with operating procedures, and perform chemical water detection test when required. (10)Engage and operate the deadman control under the direction and supervision of the Airline Authorised Refueller. (11)Monitor vehicle fuelling pressures to ensure maximum limits are not exceeded. (12)At completion of fuelling, disconnect fuelling nozzle from aircraft, replace fuelling adapter caps (if installed) and close fuel panel access door. (13)Hydrant system close hydrant pit valve and disconnect hydrant coupler. (14)Disconnect bonding cable and ground if applicable. (15)Provide fuel delivery receipt to representative for signature prior to aircraft departure. (16)Provide assistance when defuelling of aircraft is required.

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


(17)The Fuelling Personnel has final responsibility to verify that all hoses and static grounding/ bonding attachments have been disconnected from aircraft (including hydrant pit, where applicable) and are properly stowed prior to moving fuelling vehicle. (18)Perform walk around inspection.

1.2

LEVEL 2: ROUTINE FUELLING TOTAL FUEL REQUIRED


A. Level 2 service includes all the items listed in level 1 plus all the items listed in the following procedures below: (1) Obtain documented Total fuel figure from airline representative prior to fuelling. (2) Perform gauge and system tests as appropriate for aircraft type. (3) Fuel aircraft to the Total fuel requirement using the aircraft Automatic fuelling mode as determined by an airline representative. (4) Complete kilo/pounds or litre/gallons conversion, when required. (5) Set wing panel switches and gauges and control the amount of fuel being added to the aircraft using aircraft Automatic loading settings. (6) Communicate with opposite wing Fuelling Operative when two fuelling vehicles are used to fuel the aircraft. (7) Communicate with cockpit via headphone, if required. (8) Monitor wing panel gauges, vehicle pressure gauges and fuel tank vents for spills during fuelling. (9) Deliver completed fuel service form (where supplied) to operations or cockpit crew.

1.3

LEVEL 3: ROUTINE FUELLING DISTRIBUTION REQUIRED & DISCREPANCY CHECKING


A. Level 3 service includes all the items listed in levels 1 & 2 plus all the items listed in the following procedures below: (1) Obtain Aircraft Refuel Sheet from airline or fuelling company representative prior to fuelling. (2) Read refuel panel gauges before and after fuelling and enter readings on to Aircraft Refuel Sheet. (3) Fuel aircraft per fuel uplift calculations as determined and entered on the Aircraft Refuel Sheet. (4) Set refuel panel switches and gauges and control the amount of fuel being added to the aircraft using aircraft manual or automatic loading settings. (5) When fuelling various fleet types, be qualified to interpret Fuel Manual distribution charts and follow fuel distribution procedure in accordance with the specific fleet type. (6) Calculate Fuel weight in kilos/ pounds (from density) at aircraft on designated flights using hydrometer. (7) Calculate fuelling discrepancy and compare with maximum allowable. If it is outside limits, contact a Level 4 / Airline Authorised Refueller to check fuel levels as required.

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Levels of Service

1.4

LEVEL 4: NON-ROUTINE FUELLING


A. At this level of service, the Fuelling Personnel of the Contracted Fuel Supplier provides full into-plane fuelling capability that includes all routine and alternate fuelling requirements for aircraft scheduled for that station. B. Level 4 service includes all the items listed in levels 1, 2 & 3 plus all the items listed in the following procedures below: (1) Be qualified to interpret Fuel Manual drip stick tables and drip stick conversion charts. (2) Operate and read measuring stick measurements to determine tank quantity: a) When requested by the Flight Crews. b) When quantity added exceeds tolerance (discrepancy). c) For tank with an inoperative gauge. d) To verify pre-service differences. (3) Perform non-routine fuelling procedure when any one cockpit gauge is inoperative, using measuring sticks and fuel vehicle meter or measuring sticks and operative aircraft gauges, to provide a known quantity in the tank with the inoperative gauge. (4) Enter cockpit when a refuel panel gauge is inoperative and direct fuelling, via headphone, using operative cockpit gauge to determine tank quantity. (5) Perform tank to tank transfer or defuel aircraft using boost pumps, override pumps, and cross feeds when required. (6) Carry out overwing fuelling of pressure fuelled aircraft when required.

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CHAPTER 2 SAFETY
This procedure is only valid in conjunction with AIRCRAFT MAINTENANCE MANUAL; FUEL SYSTEM SERVICING; ATA 12-11 effectivity ALL and Airline and Into-Plane Companies Manuals.

2.1

SAFETY PRECAUTIONS PRIOR TO COMMENCING FUELLING

Responsibility: F = Fuelling Company A = Airline 1. F 2. F 3. A F Ensure the Fuelling Vehicle and equipment conforms to the relevant, recognised standards and are subject to a regular maintenance programme. Fuel vehicles and systems should be fitted with emergency shut-off mechanisms. Ensure a locally agreed Fuelling Area and/or Fuelling Zone is established with the airport authority.

4. AF All personnel involved in the operation should be made aware that during the fuelling operation; potentially explosive vapour is expelled via the aircraft vent points. Electrical equipment and vehicles with hot parts must not be positioned close to the fuel vent points 5. AF All personnel involved in the fuelling of aircraft should be familiar with how to summon the Airport Fire Service. 6. AF A fuelling supervisor or fuelling safety person may need to be appointed in some locations and all fuelling vehicles should be under the control of a least one competent, trained person. 7. AF Tank fuellers and hydrant dispensers should have a clear exit path at all times. 8. AF Fuelling shall be suspended when electrical storms are in close proximity. Guidance may be sought from the Airport Authority, Air Traffic Control or the Flight Deck Crew, as appropriate. 9. A 10. A Ensure that there is no equipment below the aircraft, which could cause damage when the aircraft descends during refuelling. Ensure that the aircraft wheel chocks have been positioned in accordance with normal operating procedures. Make sure that their chocks do not touch the tires. The added fuel weight can cause the tires to compress and subsequently prevent the removal of the chocks. Fuelling vehicles should be positioned such that they do not obstruct access to the aircraft for rescue or fire fighting vehicles or obstruct the evacuation routes, including chute deployment areas. When in position, the driver shall not leave the cabin until the parking brakes have been applied and locked in position. Do NOT refuel the aircraft if a fire or engine overheat warning is displayed on the flight deck.

11. F

12

13. AF Suitable fire extinguishers should be provided and readily accessible. 14. A 15. AF Do NOT refuel the aircraft if any part of the landing gear appears unusually hot, e.g. hot brakes. The Fire Service should be called in this event. 16 AF Make sure that the overboard vent lines are not blocked. If they are blocked, damage to the fuel tanks can occur. Do NOT refuel the aircraft within 30m of radar or HF radio equipment that is under test or operating in aircraft or ground installations. Do NOT operate the aircraft main engines during the fuelling operation, (except when following specific procedures.) Do NOT approach the aircraft until the aircraft anti-collision lights have been switched off and the aircraft is chocked. 3-1

17. A 18. A 19. F

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


Responsibility: F = Fuelling Company A = Airline 20. A 21. A 22. A Do NOT fill or change oxygen bottles during the fuelling operation. Do NOT use aircraft combustion heaters. Only checking and limited maintenance work such as the exchange of units shall be allowed on radio, radar and electrical equipment during fuelling. Installation or removal of aircraft batteries or associated equipment should not be allowed. Testing of such equipment should be deferred until fuelling is completed. Ensure procedures are in place if fuelling with passengers on board, embarking or disembarking.

23. A

24. AF Ensure procedures are in place stating action required in the event of a fuel spill. Suspend fuelling immediately if a leakage is observed at the aircraft fuel vent points. 25. A Do NOT start or stop the APU during the refuel/defuel task on aircraft with body-mounted APUs. APU Start attempts and Shutdowns are permitted on aircraft with tail-mounted APUs The following procedures apply to all aircraft types: 1. No Start attempt of the APU is allowed during the refuel/defuel task following an Automatic Shutdown or Failed Start 2. Normal APU Shutdown must be carried out in the event of a fuel spill during a refuel/defuel task If the APU exhaust discharges cross the upper surface of an aircraft wing, overwing fuelling must not be carried out while the APU is running. F A If the APU exhaust discharges to the side or rear of the aircraft, fuelling vehicles should be positioned to avoid any risk of coming in the path of the exhaust stream. In the event of a fire in an APU, the unit shall be stopped, the APU fire extinguishing system activated, and the flight crew and/or cabin crew and the Airport Fire Services shall be alerted.

A A F

AF In the event of a fuel spill, fuelling shall be stopped and the airline representative or aircraft crew informed immediately. Unload and Shutdown the APU. The APU must NOT be restarted until the spillage is removed and there is no further risk from fuel or vapours. 26. A 27. A Ground Power Units (GPUs) should not be positioned within 6 metres of fuelling equipment and vent points. Within the Fuelling Zone ensure that: Smoking and use of naked lights is prohibited Radios, radio telephones, pagers, torches, lamps and lighting systems are intrinsically safe, or are of an approved type. Only authorised persons and vehicles are permitted. No all metal wheels or metal studded tyres are used. Photographic flash equipment shall not be used within 6 metres of fuelling equipment and vent points. All personnel working in or around the aircraft must assume fuelling is taking place while an aircraft is being prepared for service. Passengers should not be permitted. Vehicle engines should not be left running unnecessarily.

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Fuelling Procedure

2.2

CAUTION

Electrostatic charge may accumulate on the surface of the aircraft or fuelling vehicle. The aircraft and the fuelling vehicles must be electrically bonded together throughout the fuelling operation to ensure that no difference in potential exist between the units. Electrostatic charge may also build up in the fuel during fuelling and if the charge is of sufficient potential, can cause sparking within the aircraft tank. The use of a static dissipater additive in the fuel can contribute materially to reducing the risk involved. A reduction in flow rate may be necessary if a static dissipater is not in the fuel. Strong winds can also cause a build up of static electricity. Large charges of static electricity can develop on support equipment while parked. On some aircraft, changing or removing the electrical power source during the fuelling operation will close the aircraft fuelling valves, which can result in damage to the fuelling equipment.

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

CHAPTER 3 FUELLING PROCEDURE

3.1

GENERAL

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel System Servicing; ATA 12-11, as applicable effectivity ALL. This procedure is only valid in conjunction with the Airlines Fuel Manual and Fuel Safety Procedures, latest Issue and Levels 2 & 3, provided the Fuelling Contract includes a liability clause for Additional Services covering the Service Level agreed upon by the partners ( Service Level Agreement SLA ) . Service Items and Procedures marked as SLA 2 or SLA 3 constitute "Additional Services" according to the Fuelling Service Level Agreement, Items marked SLA 1 are "Normal Services". WARNING : Fuelling procedure can only be started when all Safety Items of Section 2 are complied with. Failure to obey the safety precautions can cause serious injury to persons and damage to the equipment.

3.2

RESPONSIBILITY AIRLINES
The required Fuel Uplift / Departure Fuel (Level 1) or requested fuel quantities are transmitted to the Fuelling Company by an agreed method (Level 2) or on the IATA Standardised aircraft refuel sheet / fuelling slip (Level 3). The Aircraft is ready to be fuelled in automatic mode without any restrictions and risks concerning the aircraft safety with regard to fuelling. An Airline representative is present throughout the fuelling process (Level 1 only).

It is THE AIRLINES responsibility to ensure that:

3.3

RESPONSIBILITY FUELLING COMPANY


The Airline is informed, by an existing locally agreed procedure in the event of a system failure preventing the transmission of data via a computerised method. Fuelling procedures are followed in accordance with the approved Fuelling Company, Airline or Airport Manuals. The fuel to be uplifted is of the correct specification, grade and quality.

It is the INTO-PLANE fuelling companys responsibility to ensure that:

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Fuelling Procedure

3.4

LEVEL 1: FUELLING PROCEDURE ALL AIRCRAFT TYPES

This Fuelling procedure is generic and is applicable to all aircraft types. These Tasks are included in Levels 2 and 3 Fuelling Procedures. SLA 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle, ground if required. Remove the applicable refuel-coupling cap. Ensure tuplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean. Open the AIRCRAFT REFUEL PANEL DOOR and remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTOR / COUPLING CAP as applicable. Connect fuelling nozzle(s) to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING COUPLING. Note: Some aircraft must only be refuelled through one coupling at the same time. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser/servicer: 1 1 8 9 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture on the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and pit valve if it is manually operated

If a CKPT light is fitted, follow instructions 9, 12, 13 and 14 If no CKPT light is fitted follow instructions 10 to 14. Check that the CKPT light comes on. When the light is on: Check that the PRESELECTED indication shows the Departure Fuel. Open nozzle valve, activate DEADMAN and start refuelling Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Ensure the numbers on the FUEL QTY and the ACTUAL display increase. When the ACTUAL and PRESELETED displays are the same and CKPT light goes off, release DEADMAN to stop fuelling.

1 1 1 1

10 11 12 13

Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING COUPLING.

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


1 14 Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTOR / COUPLING CAP, ensuring that it is secure, and close and securely latch the REFUEL PANEL DOOR, whichever is applicable. Check that all switches used are in the closed (secure) position. 1 15 When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser/servicer Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the pit valve and remove lanyard if applicable. 1 16 Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Incidents, accidents and other occurrences, which may affect aircraft or fuelling.

3.5 3.5.1

LEVEL 2 AND 3: AIRBUS INDUSTRIE A318, A319, A320, A321 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel System Servicing, ATA 12-11-01-28301 effectivity ALL. Dated 15 January 2001

SLA 1 1 1 1 1

Task 1 2 3 4 5

Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Ensure the coupling of the fuel supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Remove the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP. Connect fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER Note: On aircraft with fuelling adapters at each wing, only one hose may be used at the same time.

When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

2 2 2 2

7 8 9 10

Open the access door on the right hand side of the aircraft belly fairing or wing. If normal aircraft electrical power is available, wait 45 seconds to allow the internal computer sequences to operate. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet If the CKPT light is off or not fitted, test the fuel quantity indicator panel. Put the TEST switch to the LTS position and hold. Check that the HI LVL and the DEFUEL/XFR OPEN lights are on and CKPT and END lights come on and the FUEL QTY, PRESELECTED and ACTUAL display show all 8s. Release the TEST switch. Check that the lights go back to their initial condition and the FUEL QTY, PRESELECTED and ACTUAL displays go back to their initial condition. Put the TEST switch to the HI LVL position and hold.

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Fuelling Procedure
SLA Task Procedure Check that the HI LVL lights change condition. Note: (If on, they will go off. If off, they will come on.) Release the TEST switch. Check that the HI LVL lights go back to their initial condition. 2 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 2 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Ensure that all REFUEL VALVE switches are in the NORM position on the refuel panel and guarded. If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank on the fuel sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Put the PRESELECTED rocker switch to the INC position and hold. Ensure the number on the PRESELECTED display increases. When the PRESELECTED display shows the required fuel load, release the PRESELECTED rocker switch. Set the MODE SELECT switch to REFUEL position. Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Ensure that the numbers on the FUEL QTY and ACTUAL display increase. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi / 350 kPa Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. When the refuel operation is complete, ensure that: the END light illuminates. The numbers on the ACTUAL and PRESELECTED displays are stable and the same. NOTE: If the END light flashes, examine the fuel distribution on indicators. If the fuel is correct the END light can be ignored. The FUEL QTY display for each wing tank shows that the fuel is divided correctly between the two tanks. If one the tanks are full, the HI LVL lights illuminate. 1 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 2 1 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 Release DEADMAN. On the refuel panel, set the MODE SELECT switch to OFF and guarded. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Close and securely latch the AIRCRAFT REFUEL PANEL ACCESS DOOR. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable. 1 1 1 30 31 32 Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. Re-install the applicable AIRCRAFT REFUEL COUPLING CAP, ensuring that it is secure. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used. 3-7

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

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Fuelling Procedure
A318, A319, A320, A321 FUELLING LOCATIONS

A318/A319/A320/A321 Standard Refuel Panel (WING MOUNTED PANEL LAYOUT DIFFERS)


WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

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AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

A320 Family (A318, A319, A320, A321)


On the grounding stud on the front side of each main landing gear shock strut at the level of the upper torsion link or on the grounding stud on the rear side of each nose landing gear shock

Nose Landing Gear

Main Landing Gear

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.5.2

A330 and A340- 200 and- 300 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel System Servicing, ATA 12-11-01-28301 effectively ALL. Dated 15 January 2001 SLA 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the wing AIRCRAFT REFUEL PANEL ACCESS door. Remove the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAPS. Ensure the coupling of the fuel supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTERS. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 8 9 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to the hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and pit valve if it is manually operated.

Open the access door on the right hand side of the aircraft belly fairing, if applicable. If normal aircraft electrical power is not available, check with airline and if requested put the BATT POWER switch to the BATTERY position, Note: If normal aircraft power is available this step can be ignored. Wait 30 seconds to allow the internal computer sequences to operate first and ignore all fuel panel indications. Note the requested fuel quantity from the display or Fuel Sheet If the CKPT light is off or not fitted, test the fuel quantity indicator panel. Lift the guard, push and hold the HI LEVEL TEST switch. Check that the HI LVL and the OVERFLOW lights change to the opposite condition. Note: (If on, they will go off. If off, they will come on.) Check the CKPT and END lights come on and the FUEL QTY, PRESELECTED and ACTUAL displays show all 8s. Release the HI LEVEL TEST switch and wait 10 seconds. Check that the lights go back to their initial condition and the FUEL QTY, PRESELECTED and ACTUAL displays go back to their initial condition.

2 2 3

10 11 12

3 3 3 3 3 3 3-2

13 14 15 16 17 18

Ensure that all REFUEL VALVE switches are in the NORM position and guarded. If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Put the PRESELECTED rocker switch to the INC position and hold. Ensure the number on the PRESELECTED display increases. When the PRESELECTED display shows the required fuel load, release the PRESELECTED rocker switch. Set the MODE SELECT switch to REFUEL position. November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
SLA 2 1 3 Task 19 20 21 Procedure Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Ensure that the numbers on the FUEL QTY and ACTUAL display increase. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi / 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. When the refuel operation is complete, ensure that: the END light illuminates. The numbers on the ACTUAL and PRESELECTED displays are stable and the same.

NOTE: If the END light flashes, examine the fuel distribution on indicators. If the fuel is correct the END light can be ignored. 1 2 3 3 3 3 3 1 2 2 1 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 The FUEL QTY display for each tank shows that the fuel is divided correctly between the tanks. If the tanks are full, the HI LVL lights illuminate.

Release DEADMAN. On the refuel panel, set the MODE SELECT switch to OFF and guarded. If, required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Close and securely latch the AIRCRAFT REFUEL PANEL ACCESS DOOR. Report any inoperative indicator lights When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable

1 1 1

33 34 35

Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER. Re-install the applicable AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER CAP(s) ensuring that it is secured. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

November 2007

3-3

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

A330 & A340 FUELLING LOCATIONS

A340/A330-200 Refuel Panel


WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-4

November 2007

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

A330 / A340
On the grounding stud on each main landing gear shock strut at the level of the upper torsion link or on the grounding stud of the nose landing gear shock grounding stud of the nose landing gear shock

November 2007

3-1

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.5.3

A300 B2 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual Replenishing of Fuel Tanks ATA 12-11-28 dated March 01.2001. SLA 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle, and ground if required. Remove the aircraft fuelling adapter cap (s). Ensure the fuelling coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connections lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the aircraft fuelling adapter. Caution : on aircraft with refuel couplings on each wing, a maximum of two hoses may be connected at one time. 1 6 When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 7 8 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on he apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Obtain confirmation from the Crew or Airline representative that the appropriate circuit breakers at the Fight Deck Panel 128 VU are closed. Open the external Refuel Panel Access Door at the right hand side of the aircraft belly fairing. Caution : Do not close the fuel panel access door or operate the access door microswitches until the fuelling operation is complete.

3 2 2 3

9 10 11 12

If normal aircraft electrical power is not available, check with Airline representative or Crew. If requested, put the BATTERY switch in BATTERY position. Make sure that the TRANSFER valve manual control handle, located at the right hand side of the Refuel Panel is in SHUT position. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Test the fuel quantity indicator panel as follows: Press and hold the QTY TEST push-button ; All four readings either show all 8s or increase. Release the QTY TEST button; initial readings are displayed. Press the HIGH LEVEL TEST push-button; the four HIGH LEVEL warning lights must first come on, then go off when the push-button is released.

Caution : If the system has a fault, inform the Airline representative or the Crew

3-2

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 3 3 2 2 2 1 1

Task 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

Procedure If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Make sure that the REFUEL-DEFUEL VALVE switches are at NORMAL position and guarded. Raise the guard and put the FUEL CONTROL switch to REFUEL. Pull (out ) the PRE-SELECTOR knob and turn to the required quantity. Activate DEADMAN control and start fuelling. Ensure that the numbers on the FUEL QTY and ACTUAL display increase. Monitor fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi / 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

20

Closely monitor the applicable fuel quantity and HIGH LEVEL lights. If HIGH LEVEL lights come on, put the FUEL CONTROL switch to OFF and stop fuelling immediately.

1 2 3 2 3 3 3 3 2 1

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

As soon as refuelling is completed, release DEADMAN control and place the FUEL CONTROL switch in OFF position and guarded. Check that the sum of the four FUEL QTY indicators of the TANKS corresponds to the preselected quantity. If applicable, place the BATTERY switch at NORMAL position and guarded. Make sure that the REFUEL / DEFUEL valves switches are in NORMAL position and guarded. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete the discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew Report any in-operative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew.

November 2007

3-3

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 2 1

Task 31 32

Procedure Close and securely latch the Aircraft Refuel Panel Access Door. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit and remove the lanyard, if applicable

1 1 1

33 34 35

Disconnect the fuelling nozzle from the Aircraft Fuelling Coupling . Re-install the Aircraft Fuelling Adapter CAP and ensure it is secure. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-4

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
A300-B2 FUELLING LOCATIONS

A300 B2 Refuel Panel


WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-5

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.5.4

A300 B4 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual Replenishing of Fuel Tanks ATA 12-1128 dated March 01.2001. SLA 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle, and ground if required. Remove the aircraft fuelling adapter cap (s). Ensure the fuelling coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the aircraft fuelling adapter. Caution : on aircraft with refuel couplings on each wing, a maximum of two hoses may be connected at one time. 1 6 When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 7 8 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free from obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Obtain confirmation from the Crew or Airline representative that the appropriate circuit breakers at the Fight Deck Panel 128 VU are closed. Open the external Refuel Panel Access Door at the right hand side of the aircraft belly fairing. Caution : Do not close the fuel panel access door or operate the access door microswitches until the fuelling operation is complete.

3 2 2

9 10 11

If normal aircraft electrical power is not available, check with Airline representative or Crew. If requested, put the BATTERY switch in BATTERY position. Make sure that the TRANSFER valve manual control handle, located at the right hand side of the Refuel Panel is in SHUT position. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet.

3-6

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 3

Task 12

Procedure Test the fuel quantity indicator panel as follows: Press and hold the QTY TEST push-button ; all five readings either show all 8s or increase. Release the QTY TEST button; initial readings are displayed. Press the HIGH LEVEL TEST push-button; the five HIGH LEVEL warning lights and both OVERFLOW LEFT and RIGHT ( if installed ), must first come on, then go off when the push-button is released.

Caution : If the system has a fault, inform the Airline representative or the Crew. 3 3 2 3 13 14 15 16 If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank on the Fuel Sheet If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Make sure that the REFUEL-DEFUEL VALVE switches are at NORMAL position and guarded. If the requested fuel quantity exceeds the total MAXI Tank Capacity of the four wing tanks ( 1A + 1 + 2 + 2A ), place the CTR TANK overflow valve manual control handle in ON position ( control handle is located to the left of the refuel/defuel panel). If the requested fuel quantity is lower than the MAXI Tank Capacity of the four wing tanks ( 1A + 1 + 2 + 2A ), place the CTR TANK overflow valve manual control handle in OFF position. 2 2 1 1 17 18 19 20 Raise the guard and put the FUEL CONTROL switch to REFUEL position. Pull ( out ) the PRE-SELECTOR knob and turn to set the required quantity. Activate DEADMAN control and start fuelling. Ensure that the numbers on the FUEL QTY and ACTUAL display increase. Monitor fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa . Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded. 2 21 Closely monitor the applicable fuel quantity and HIGH LEVEL lights. If HIGH LEVEL lights come on, put the FUEL CONTROL switch to OFF and stop fuelling immediately. 1 2 3 2 22 23 24 25 As soon as refuelling is completed, release DEADMAN control and place the FUEL CONTROL switch in OFF position and guarded. Check that the sum of the five FUEL QTY indicators of the TANKS corresponds to the preselected quantity. If applicable, place the BATTERY switch at NORMAL position and guarded. If applicable, place the CTR TANK overflow valve manual control handle in OFF position.

November 2007

3-7

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 2 1

Task 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Procedure Make sure that the REFUEL / DEFUEL valves switches are in NORMAL position and guarded. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete the discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew. Report any in-operative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew. Close and securely latch the Aircraft Refuel Panel Access Door. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable

1 1 1

35 36 37

Disconnect the fuelling nozzle from the Aircraft Fuelling Adapter. Re-install the Aircraft Refuelling Adapter CAP and ensure it is secure. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF : Inoperative switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-8

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
A300 B4 FUELLING LOCATIONS

A300 B4 Refuel Panel


WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-9

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

A 300B2/B4, 300-600, A310-200/-300


On the grounding stud on the inside of each main landing gear shock strut at the level of the upper torsion link or on grounding stud at the Pneumatic Pressure Ground Connections Zone 143 ( On A300-600) or Zone 140 (On A310).

3-10

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
3.5.5 A300- 600 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual Replenishing of Fuel Tanks ATA 12-1128 dated June 01.2001. SLA 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle, and ground if required. Remove the aircraft fuelling adapter cap (s). Ensure the fuelling coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the aircraft fuelling adapter. Caution : on aircraft with refuel couplings on each wing, a maximum of two hoses may be connected at one time. 1 6 When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 7 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Obtain confirmation from the Crew or Airline representative that the appropriate circuit breakers at the Fight Deck Panel 132 VU and the Trim TK Mode P/BSW on the cockpit overhead panel 430 VU is released to AUTO position Open the external Refuel Panel access door at the right hand side of the aircraft belly fairing. Caution: do not close the access door or operate the micro switches until fuelling operation is complete.

3 2 2 1

9 10 11 12

If normal aircraft electrical power is not available, check with Airline representative or Crew. If requested, put the PWR SUPPLY SWITCH in BAT position. Wait for 45 seconds to allow the internal computer sequences to operate. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. If the flight deck configuration is pre-set by the Crew, the fuelling has to be performed in accordance with the SLA 1 Fuelling Procedure Ref. Para3.4. Tasks 8, 12, 13 and 14 of this Guidance Material. If not go on to Task 13.

November 2007

3-11

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 3

Task 13

Procedure Test the fuel quantity indicator panel as follows: Lift the guard, push and hold the HI LVL switch. Check that the HI LVL and OVER FLOW lights change to the opposite condition ( if on, they will go off, if off they will come on ) Check that the FUEL QUANTITY, all 8 s . PRESELECTED and ACTUAL displays show

Release the HI LVL TEST switch and wait for 10 seconds. Check that all lights go back to their initial condition and that also the FUEL QUANTITY, PRESELECTED and ACTUAL displays go back to their initial condition.

Caution : If the system has a fault, inform the Airline representative or the Crew 3 14 If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. Note: For recording the fuel quantity in the CTR and TT: 3 2 2 2 15 16 17 18 Place the FUEL QTY switch in CTR position, then in TT position. Place the FUEL QTY switch in CRT-TT position

If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Make sure that the REFUEL-DEFUEL VALVE switches are in the NORM position and guarded. Make sure that the TRANSF VALVE switch is in close position, and that the OPEN indication light is off. Pull (out) the pre-selector knob and turn to set the required quantity. Note: The PRESELECTED quantity display will continue to increase or decrease For up to 0.7 seconds after rotation of the knob ceases. When the pre-selector knob is pulled, the ACTUAL content display goes off.

19

Raise the guard and put the MODE SELECTOR switch to REFUEL. Note: A delay of up to 10 seconds may occur before the REFUEL DEFUEL VALVES are energised OPEN.

20

Activate DEADMAN control and start fuelling. Ensure that the fuelling starts by observing the numbers on the ACTUAL display increasing.

21

Monitor fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

22

Closely monitor the applicable fuel quantity, high level lights and over flow lights. IF L, R or TT over flow lights come on, put the MODE SELECTOR switch to OFF and stop fuelling immediately.

1 1 3

23 24 25

Shortly before the pre-selected quantity is reached, fuel flow will stop for approximately 10 seconds, then restarts. Release DEADMAN. When the fuelling is completed, ensure that the ACTUAL quantity equals the selected quantity.

3-12

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
SLA 3 Task 26 Procedure If requested, Place the FUEL QTY switch in CTR position, then in TT position and make sure that the disposition of the fuel in the center and trim tanks are in accordance with the Fuel Sheet. Place the FUEL QTY switch in CRT-TT position.

2 3 3 3 3 3 2 1 2 1 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

Place the MODE SELECTOR switch to the OFF position and guarded. If applicable, place the PWR SUPPLY switch in the NORM position and guarded. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete the discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew Report any in-operative indicator lights If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew. Close and securely latch the Aircraft Refuel Panel Access Door. When the fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable

1 1 1

37 38 39

Remove the fuelling nozzle from the Aircraft Fuelling Adapter. Re-install the Aircraft refuelling Coupling CAP (s) and ensure it is secure. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

November 2007

3-13

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


A300 600 FUELLING LOCATIONS

A300-600 Refuel Panel


WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-14

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

A 300B2/B4, 300-600, A310-200/-300


On the grounding stud on the inside of each main landing gear shock strut at the level of the upper torsion link or on grounding stud at the Pneumatic Pressure Ground Connections Zone 143 (On A300-600) or Zone 140 (On A310).

November 2007

3-15

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.5.6

A310-200 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual Replenishing of Fuel Tanks ATA 12-11-28 dated June 01.2001. SLA 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle, and ground if required. Remove the aircraft fuelling adapter cap (s). Ensure the fuelling coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the aircraft fuelling adapter. Caution : on aircraft with refuel couplings on each wing, a maximum of two hoses may be connected at one time. 1 6 When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 7 8 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Obtain confirmation from the Crew or Airline representative that the appropriate circuit breakers at the Fight Deck Panel 128 VU are closed. Open the external Refuel Panel access door at the right hand side of the aircraft belly fairing. Caution : Do not close the fuel panel access door or operate the access door microswitches until the fuelling operation is complete.

3 2 3

9 10 11

If normal aircraft electrical power is not available, check with Airline representative or Crew. If requested, put the PWR SUPPLY SWITCH in BAT position. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Test the fuel quantity indicator panel as follows: Lift the guard, push and hold the HI LVL switch. Check that the HI LVL and OVER FLOW lights change to the opposite condition ( if on, they will go off, if off they will come on ) Check that the FUEL QTY, PRESELECTED and ACTUAL displays show all 8 s . If the system is satisfactory, FUEL QTY, PRESELECTED and ACTUAL displays will change from all 8 to all 7 Release the HI LVL TEST switch and wait for 10 seconds. Check that all lights go back to their initial condition and that also the FUEL QUANTITY, PRESELECTED and ACTUAL displays go back to their initial condition.

Caution : If the system has a fault, inform the Airline representative or the Crew

3-16

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 3 3 2 2 2 2 2

Task 12 13 14 15 16 17 18

Procedure If required, record fuel quantity before refuelling for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Make sure that the REFUEL-DEFUEL VALVE switches are in the NORM position and guarded. Make sure that the TRANSF VALVE switch is in close position, and that the OPEN indication light is off. Pull (out) the pre-selector knob and turn to set the required quantity. Note: When the pre-selector knob is pulled, the ACTUAL content display goes off. Push ( in ) the PRESELECTOR knob. Raise the guard and put the MODE SELECTOR switch to REFUEL. Note: A delay of up to 10 seconds may occur before the REFUEL DEFUEL VALVES are energised OPEN.

1 1

19 20

Activate DEADMAN control and start fuelling. Ensure that the numbers on the FUEL QTY and ACTUAL display increase. Monitor fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa . Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

21

Closely monitor the applicable fuel quantity, high level lights and over flow lights. If L or R OVER FLOW lights come on, put the MODE SELECTOR switch to OFF and stop fuelling immediately.

1 1 3 2 3 3 3 3 3

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30

Shortly before the pre-selected quantity is reached, fuel flow will stop for approximately 10 seconds, then restarts. Release DEADMAN control. When the fuelling is completed, ensure that the ACTUAL quantity equals the selected quantity. Place the MODE SELECTOR switch in OFF position and guarded. If applicable, place the PWR SUPPLY switch in the NORM position and guarded. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete the discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew

November 2007

3-17

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 2 1 2 1

Task 31 32 33 34

Procedure Report any in-operative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew. Close and securely latch the Aircraft Refuel Panel Access Door. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable.

1 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1

35 36 37 30 31 32 33 34 35

Remove the fuelling nozzle (s) from the Aircraft Fuelling Adapter. Re-install the Aircraft Fuelling Adapter CAP (s) and ensure it is secure. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used. Report any in-operative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew. Close and securely latch the Aircraft Refuel Panel Access Door. Remove the fuelling nozzle from the Aircraft Fuelling Coupling. Re-install the Aircraft refuelling Coupling CAP and ensure it is secure. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF : Inoperative switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-18

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
A310 200 FUELLING LOCATIONS

A310-200 Refuel Panel


WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-19

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


3.5.7 A310-300 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual Replenishing of Fuel Tanks ATA 12-1128 dated June 01.2001. SLA 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle, and ground if required. Remove the aircraft fuelling adapter cap (s). Ensure the fuelling coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the aircraft fuelling adapter. Caution : on aircraft with refuel couplings on each wing, a maximum of two hoses may be connected at one time. 1 6 When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 7 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect the hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Obtain confirmation from the Crew or Airline representative that the appropriate circuit breakers at the Fight Deck Panel 132 VU are closed and the Trim TK Mode P/BSW on panel 430 VU is released to AUTO position. Open the external Refuel Panel access door at the right hand side of the aircraft belly fairing. Caution : Do not close the access door or operate the access door micro-switch until the fuelling operation is complete.

3 2 2

9 10 11

If normal aircraft electrical power is not available, check with Airline representative or Crew. If requested, put the PWR SUPPLY SWITCH in BAT position. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Test the fuel quantity indicator panel as follows: Lift the guard, push and hold the HI LVL switch. Check that the HI LVL and OVER FLOW lights change to the opposite condition ( if on, they will go off, if off they will come on ) Check that the FUEL QUANTITY, all 8 s . PRESELECTED and ACTUAL displays show

If the system is satisfactory, Fuel QTY, PRESELECT and ACTUAL display will change from all 8 to all 7. Release the HI LVL TEST switch and wait for 10 seconds. Check that all lights go back to their initial condition and that also the FUEL QUANTITY, PRESELECTED and ACTUAL displays go back to their initial condition.

Caution : If the system has a fault, inform the Airline representative or the Crew

3-20

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 3

Task 12

Procedure If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank on the Fuel Sheet Note: For recording the fuel quantity in the CTR,TT and AUX (ACT) tanks : Place FUEL QTY or FQI display switch to CTR, then to TT, then to AUX or ACT ( if fitted ) position. Place the FUEL QTY or FQI display in the CTR&TT&AUX (or ACT ) position.

3 2 2 2

13 14 15 16

If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Make sure that the REFUEL-DEFUEL VALVE switches are in the NORM position and guarded. Make sure that the TRANSF VALVE switch is in close position, and that the OPEN indication light is off. Pull (out) the pre-selector knob and turn to set the required quantity. Note: The PRESELECTED quantity display will continue to increase or decrease For up to 0.7 seconds after rotation of the knob ceases. When the pre-selector knob is pulled, the ACTUAL content display goes off.

17

Raise the guard and put the MODE SELECTOR switch to REFUEL. Note: A delay of up to 10 seconds may occur before the REFUEL DEFUEL VALVES are energised OPEN.

18

Activate DEADMAN control and start fuelling. Ensure that the fuelling starts by observing the numbers on the ACTUAL display increasing.

19

Monitor fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa; Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

20

Closely monitor the applicable fuel quantity, high level lights and over flow lights. If the L, R or TT OVER FLOW lights come on, put the MODE SELECTOR switch to OFF and stop fuelling immediately.

1 1 3 3

21 22 23 24

Shortly before the pre-selected quantity is reached, fuel flow will stop for approximately 10 seconds, then restarts. Release DEADMAN control to stop fuelling. When the fuelling is completed, ensure that the ACTUAL quantity is within Lbs ( 100 kg ) of the selected quantity. If required, check the distribution of the fuel in CTR, TT and AUX ( ACT ) tanks as follows: Place the FUEL QTY or FQI display switch to CTR, then to TT, then to AUX or ACT ( if fitted ) position and make sure that the fuel distribution in those tanks is in accordance with the Fuel Sheet. Place the FUEL QTY or FQI Display indicator in the CTR & TT& AUX ( or ACT ) position.

2 3 25 26

Place the MODE SELECTOR switch in OFF position and guarded. If applicable, place the PWR SUPPLY switch in the NORM position and guarded.

November 2007

3-21

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 3 3 3 3 2 1 2 1

Task 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Procedure If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete the discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew Report any in-operative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew. Close and securely latch the Aircraft Refuel Panel Access Door. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable.

1 1 1

35 36 37

Remove the fuelling nozzle ( s) from the Aircraft FuellingAdapter. Re-install the Aircraft Fuelling Adapter(s) CAP and ensure it is secure. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF : Inoperative switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-22

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
A310-300 FUELLING LOCATIONS

A310-300 Refuel Panel


WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-23

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

A 300B2/B4, 300-600, A310-200/-300


On the grounding stud on the inside of each main landing gear shock strut at the level of the upper torsion link or on grounding stud at the Pneumatic Pressure Ground Connections Zone 143 ( On A300-600) or Zone 140 (On A310).

3-24

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.5.8

A340- 500 and - 600 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel System Servicing, ATA 12-11-01-28-301 effectively ALL. Dated 01 July 2002 SLA 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the wing AIRCRAFT REFUEL PANEL ACCESS DOOR. Remove the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAPS. Ensure the coupling of the fuel supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTERS. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 8 9 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to the hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and pit valve if it is manually operated.

Open the access door on the right hand side of the aircraft belly fairing, if applicable. If normal aircraft electrical power is not available, check with airline and if requested put the BATT POWER switch to the NORM position, Note: If normal aircraft power is available this step can be ignored. Wait 30 seconds to allow the internal computer sequences to operate first and ignore all fuel panel indications. Note the requested fuel quantity from the display or Fuel Sheet Perform test on the fuel quantity indicator panel. Lift the guard, push and hold the HI LEVEL TEST switch. Check that the HI LVL lights and the OVERFLOW light come on. Check the FAULT light comes on and the fuel quantity, PRESELECT (PFQ) and ACTUAL (FOB) displays come on. Release the HI LEVEL TEST switch and wait 10 seconds.

2 2 3

10 11 12

Check that the HI LVL lights and the OVERFLOW light go out and the fuel quantity PRESELECT and ACTUAL displays go back to their initial condition. The HI LVL lights should come on momentarily and the STATUS display then reads Hi-LEVEL PASS. All HI LVL lights go out and the STATUS reads OFF. 13 3 3 3 3 14 15 16 17 Ensure that the Manual Controls Cover is in the closed position (with all Refuel/Defuel Valves in SHUT position). If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Put the PRESELECT rocker switch to the INCREASE position and hold. Ensure the numbers on the PRESELECT display increase. When the PRESELECT display shows the required fuel load, release the PRESELECT rocker 3-25

November 2007

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SLA 3 2 1 3 18 19 20 21 Procedure switch. Set the MODE SELECT switch to the AUTO REFUEL position. Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Ensure that the numbers on the fuel quantity ACTUAL display increase. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi / 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. When the refuel operation is complete, ensure that: 1 2 3 3 3 3 3 1 2 2 1 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 the STATUS display says END and the FAULT light is not on. The numbers on the ACTUAL and the PRESELECT displays are stable and the same.

Release the DEADMAN. On the refuel panel, set the MODE SELECT switch to OFF. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Close and securely latch the AIRCRAFT REFUEL PANEL ACCESS DOOR. Report any inoperative indicator lights. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable.

1 1 1

33 35

Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

34. Re-install the applicable AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER CAP(s) ensuring that it is secured

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences. (Final draft November 2002.)

3-26

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

A340- 500/- 600 FUELLING LOCATIONS

A340- 500/- 600 Refuel Panel


WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-27

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

A330 / A340
On the grounding stud on each main landing gear shock strut at the level of the upper torsion link or on the grounding stud of the nose landing gear shock

November 2007

3-1

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


3.5.9 A380 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Pressure Refuel with Automatic Control from the Integrated Refuel Panel (IRP), ATA 28-25-00 Effectivity ALL, Dated TBC. Note: this procedure uses four hoses. SLA 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle below the access panel between Inner and Outer Engine at each wing.. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle. Note: Bonding is essential, grounding is recommended. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ACCESS PANELS. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAPS. Ensure the coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 2 2 2 3 9 10 11 12 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

At the rear belly fairing, open the access panel to the Integrated Refuel Panel (IRP) Make sure the MODE Select switch is in the OFF position. The STATUS display must show MODE OFF Do the FQMS High Level SHUTOFF TEST by pushing the SHUTOFF TEST switch at the IRP. Note: A Automatic Refuel can only be performed when the fuel quantity in each tank is less than the expected quantity. If it becomes necessary to adjust the fuel distribution on the aircraft, please ask for airline assistance before contiunuing with the Automatic refuel process At the IRP set the switches as follows: 1. If only battery power is available, lift the guard and put the POWER SUPPLY switch in the BATTERY position. Note: The maximum time possible for a refuel using battery power is 20 minutes! 2. If the Preselected Fuel Quantity (PFQ) is already displayed, make sure it is correct. Note: The PFQ value can be changed on the IRP 3. Put and hold the PRESELECT switch to the INCREASE/DECREASE position 4. Make sure that the fuel quantity increases/decreases as necessary. on the PRESELECT (PFQ) display,

13

5. When the PRESELECT (PFQ) displays shows the necessary fuel load, release the PRESELECT switch to the set position Note: To do a refuel, the PRESELECT (PFQ) quantity must be a minimum of 400kg (880lb) more than the ACTUAL (FOB) quantity. 6. Make sure that the REFUEL/DEFUEL VALVES switches are in the SHUT position. 3-2 November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
2 2 2 14 15 16 Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3,45bar / 50 psi. / 350 kpa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. At the IRP: 1. Put the MODE SELECT switch to the AUTO REFUEL position. 2. Monitor that the STATUS display shows AUTO REFUEL. 3. Make sure that the tank fuel quantities and the ACTUAL (FOB) display increases. 4. When refuel stops, make sure that: the STATUS display shows AUTO REFUEL END the FAULT light is not on the fuel quantities on the ACTUAL(FOB) and the PRESELECTED (PFQ) are stable and are the same +/- 400 kg (880lb).

5. Put the MODE SELECT switch to the OFF position. 6. Monitor that the STATUS display shows MODE OFF. 7. If the power supply is from the battery, put the POWER SUPPLY switch to the NORMAL position and lower the guard. 1 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 Release DEADMAN Control . If required, verify fuel load is in valid pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. Report any inoperative indicating lights. At the rear belly fairing, close the access panel of the Integrated Refuel Panel (IRP) If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable. 1 1 1 1 26 27 28 29 Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER CAP, as/if applicable and ensure it is secure. Close and securely latch the AIRCRAFT FUELLING CONTROL PANEL ACCESS DOOR, checking the POWER switch is OFF and guarded. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

November 2007

3-3

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE OR FLIGHT CREW AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-4

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

Refuel/Defuel Coupling(s) - Location and Detail

622GB

522GB

B
REFUEL/DEFUEL COUPLINGS 5500QA1 (5500QA2) REFUEL/DEFUEL COUPLING CAP 5501QA1 (5501QA2)

REFUEL/DEFUEL COUPLING CAP

REFUEL/DEFUEL COUPLINGS

5502QA1 (5502QA2)

5500QA1 (5500QA2)

USE THIS ADAPTER TO DEFUEL

B
WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-5

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

Integrated Refuel Panel (IRP) - Location and Detail

199KB

POWER SUPPLY
BATTERY L OUTR FEED 1 FEED 2 FEED 3 FEED 4 R OUTR OPEN NORMAL SHUT HI LVL L OUTR FEED 1 FEED 2 FEED 3 FEED 4 R OUTR FAULT

SHUTOFF TEST

OVERFLOW

ACTUAL (FOB)

L MID

L INR

TRIM HI LVL

R INR

R MID

PRESELECT (PFQ)

STATUS APU EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN

OPEN

MAN REFUEL DEFUEL

OFF

AUTO REFUEL

INCREASE

SHUT L MID L INR TRIM R INR R MID XFR

DECREASE

REFUEL/DEFUEL VALVES

MODE SELECT

PRESELECT

INTEGRATED REFUEL PANEL 42QU

3-6

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS - LOCATION AND DETAIL A380

NOSE LANDING GEAR

GROUND POINT

November 2007

3-7

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS - LOCATION AND DETAIL A380 (Wing Landing Gear)

3-8

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS - LOCATION AND DETAIL A380
(Body Landing Gear)

November 2007

3-9

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.5.10

A380 LEVEL 2 & 3 PRESSURE REFUEL FUELLING PROCEDURE WITH MANUAL CONTROL FROM THE INTEGRATED REFUEL PANEL

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Pressure Refuel with Automatic Control from the Integrated Refuel Panel (IRP), ATA 28-25-00 Effectivity ALL, Dated ????. Note: this procedure uses four hoses. SLA 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle below the access panel between Inner and Outer Engine at each wing.. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle. Note: Bonding is essential, grounding is recommended. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ACCESS PANELS. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAPS. Ensure the coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 2 2 2 1 1 3 9 10 11 12 13 14 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

At the rear belly fairing, open the access panel to the Integrated Refuel Panel (IRP) Make sure the MODE Select switch is in the OFF position. The STATUS display must show MODE OFF Do the FQMS High Level SHUTOFF TEST by pushing the SHUTOFF TEST switch at the IRP. Activate DEADMAN Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3,45bar / 50 psi. / 350 kpa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. At the IRP set the switches as follows: 7. If only battery power is available, lift the guard and put the POWER SUPPLY switch in the BATTERY position. Note: The maximum time possible for a refuel using battery power is 20 minutes! 8. Lift the hinged cover and put the REFUEL/DEFUEL VALVES switch(es) for the fuel tank(s) which needs to be refuelled to the OPEN position. 9. Put the MODE SELECT switch to the MAN REFUEL position 10. Check that the STATUS display shows MAN REFUEL 11. Monitor the fuel quantity displays. 12. Make sure that the individual tank quantities and the ACTUAL (FOB) displays increase. 13. When each tank has the correct fuel quantity, put its related REFUEL/DEFUEL VALVES switch to SHUT position.

3-10

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
Note: Each tank quantity can increase by 100kg (220lb) to 200kg (440lb) after the related REFUEL/DEFUEL VALVES switch is set to SHUT. 14. When all the REFUEL/DEFUEL VALVES switches are in the SHUT position, lower the hinged cover and safety it in position. 15. Put the MODE SELECT switch to the OFF position. 16. Monitor that the STATUS display shows MODE OFF. 17. If the power supply is from the battery, put the POWER SUPPLY switch to the NORMAL position and lower the guard. 1 3 3 3 3 2 2 1 1 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 Release DEADMAN Control . If required, verify fuel load is in valid pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. Report any inoperative indicating lights. At the rear belly fairing, close the access panel of the Integrated Refuel Panel (IRP) If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable. 1 1 1 1 24 25 26 27 Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER CAP, as/if applicable and ensure it is secure. Close and securely latch the AIRCRAFT FUELLING CONTROL PANEL ACCESS DOOR, checking the POWER switch is OFF and guarded. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE OR FLIGHT CREW AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

November 2007

3-11

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

Refuel/Defuel Coupling(s) - Location and Detail

622GB

522GB

B
REFUEL/DEFUEL COUPLINGS 5500QA1 (5500QA2) REFUEL/DEFUEL COUPLING CAP 5501QA1 (5501QA2)

REFUEL/DEFUEL COUPLING CAP

REFUEL/DEFUEL COUPLINGS

5502QA1 (5502QA2)

5500QA1 (5500QA2)

USE THIS ADAPTER TO DEFUEL

B
WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-12

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

Integrated Refuel Panel (IRP) - Location and Detail

199KB

POWER SUPPLY
BATTERY L OUTR FEED 1 FEED 2 FEED 3 FEED 4 R OUTR OPEN NORMAL SHUT HI LVL L OUTR FEED 1 FEED 2 FEED 3 FEED 4 R OUTR FAULT

SHUTOFF TEST

OVERFLOW

ACTUAL (FOB)

L MID

L INR

TRIM HI LVL

R INR

R MID

PRESELECT (PFQ)

STATUS APU EMERGENCY SHUTDOWN

OPEN

MAN REFUEL DEFUEL

OFF

AUTO REFUEL

INCREASE

SHUT L MID L INR TRIM R INR R MID XFR

DECREASE

REFUEL/DEFUEL VALVES

MODE SELECT

PRESELECT

INTEGRATED REFUEL PANEL 42QU

November 2007

3-13

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS - LOCATION AND DETAIL A380

NOSE LANDING GEAR

GROUND POINT

3-14

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS - LOCATION AND DETAIL A380 (Wing Landing Gear)

November 2007

3-15

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS - LOCATION AND DETAIL A380
(Body Landing Gear)

3-16

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.6 3.6.1

BAE, AVRO FUELLING PROCEDURES ATP Level 2 & 3 Manual Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling, AMM 12-1028 301. Dated 15 MAY 00 SLA 1 1 3 1 3 Task 1 2 3 4 5 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Ensure the aircraft has AC power. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ACCESS PANEL If fitted, Set the No1 or No 2 inverter to ON. Note: Allow INVERTER to become warm for 5 minutes (This allows the fuel contents amplifier to become warm.) 3 3 3 3 6 7 8 9 Set the INVERTER transfer switch to TRANSFER. Ensure the CROSSFEED lever is in CLOSED position. Set the fuel panel MASTER / MASTER ON switch to ON If fitted, PUSH the related, GREEN OPEN indicator to check tank contents. Note 1: Out-of-circuit fuel contents gauges will keep last indication shown. Ensure fuel contents shown on the gauges are in circuit. Note 2: If fitted, A GAUGES OFF indication on the FUEL GAUGE TEST PBSI shows the adjacent fuel gauges are not in operation. 1 1 1 1 10 11 12 13 Remove the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER CAP. Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 3 3 1 2 14 15 16 17 18 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if manually operated.

Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Set REFUEL/DEFUEL on the left REFUEL/DEFUEL/OVERRIDE switch

November 2007

3-17

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 2 2

Task 19 20

Procedure The left, GREEN OPEN indicator will illuminate and fuelling will commence. If full tanks are required, set TEST switch to LEFT. In less than 25 seconds: the left GRENN OPEN indicator will go off the left RED OVERFULL indicator will come on Fuel flow will stop show the fuel contents ensure that the contents does not increase in less than one minute. the left RED OVERFULL indicator will go off. The left GREEN OPEN indicator will come on Fuel flow will start again.

21

While the TEST switch is set to LEFT, push the left GREEN OPEN indicator to:

22

Set the TEST switch to the normal position.

2 1 2 2

23 24 25 26

Repeat steps.20,21 and 22 for RIGHT tank. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Continue to fuel both tanks, or to the level of 3182 litres / 841USG each. Set REFUEL/DEFUEL/OVERRIDE switch to neutral position. If full tanks are required, when full the GREEN OPEN light must go off immediately before RED OVERFULL light comes on. If it does, the low level GREEN float switch has not operated. Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. If fitted, Set MASTER/MASTER OFF switch to OFF. If fitted, Set the INVERTER TRANSFER switch to OFF. If fitted, Set the No1 or No2 INVERTER to OFF When fuelling is completed, check that the actual fuel quantity corresponds to the requested fuel quantity. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. Complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. Verify that all switches are in the OFF or CLOSED position and if required, guarded.

1 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 2 2

27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

3-18

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 2 1

Task 37. 38

Procedure If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable

1 1 1 1

39. 40. 41. 42.

Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL COUPLER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP, ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING ACCESS PANEL. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

November 2007

3-19

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


ATP FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-20

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
3.6.2 BAE 146/AVRO RJ (All Series) Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Servicing; ATA 12-10-28 effectivity BAE 146 Series / Avro 146-RJ SLA 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the access door on the right wing. Remove the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTERCAP. Ensure the coupling of the fuel supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser/servicer: 2 8 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on that apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect the hydrant coupler to pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated. At the refuel control panel, ensure OFF-LOAD valve is shut (lever horizontal) Turn LOAD PRESELECT clockwise to maximum Set MASTER switch to ON. Ensure refuel VALVE position indicators go to SHUT and FUEL QUANTITY indicators show correct existing fuel state. Set LEFT, CENTRE and RIGHT refuel valve switches to PRESELECT and ensure all three refuel VALVE position indicators go to OPEN. Turn LOAD PRESELECT counter clockwise to ZERO and ensure all three refuel VALVE position indicators go to SHUT. Set all refuel VALVE switches to OVERRIDE and ensure all three refuel VALVE position indicators go to OPEN. Set switches to SHUT and ensure refuel VALVE indicators go to SHUT.

Pre-refuel system test:

Note: If the tank contents are at or below unusable fuel level then the valves will not shut. 2 2 2 2 1 9 10 11 12 13

Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet Set all three refuel valves switches to PRESELECT. Adjust LOAD PRESELECT to required load. Ensure refuel VALVE position indicators show OPEN for all tanks due to receive fuel: Note: If CENTRE tank fuel is not required the centre indicator will show SHUT. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 3500kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Ensure that the numbers on the FUEL QTY and ACTUAL display increase. Flow will stop automatically at pre-selected load. For absolute maximum fuel load, set refuel valve switches to PRESELECT and adjust 3-21

2 2 2 2

14 15 16 17

November 2007

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SLA Task Procedure LOAD PRESELECT to its maximum, continue fuelling to pre-select cut-off. Set refuel valve to override, ensure refuel valve indicators show OPEN, continue to fuel until high level tank switches operate and flow stops. Ensure tank FULL indicators come on. Note : In order to avoid any fuel spill trough the venting system : fill first the CENTER tank, then the LEFT wing tank and finally the RIGHT wing tank. 2 1 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Set refuel valve switches to SHUT and MASTER switch to OFF Release DEADMAN. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. Verify that all switches are in the OFF or CLOSED position and if installed, guarded. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable 1 1 1 1 28 29 30 31 Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. Re-install the applicable AIRCRAFT ADAPTER CAP ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the AIRCRAFT REFUEL PANEL ACCESS DOOR. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-22

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
BAE 146/AVRO RJ (ALL SERIES) FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-23

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

BAE Avro 146 / RJ85


Bond to the earthing stud of the right main landing gear bay or to the coupling of the aircrafts fuelling station.

3-24

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.6.3

J41 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling, AMM 12-1128-941-001. SLA 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ACCESS PANEL Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP. Connect fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser/servicer: 2 9 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

On the automatic panel, set the POWER switch to ON. Ensure the panel does a test of its circuits. Note: After the test, the FUEL QUANTITY and TOTAL SELECTED displays show the total fuel on the aircraft.

3 3 2

10 11 12

Record pre-uplift figure for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. Calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Set the TOTAL SELECTED display to the necessary total quantity required. If the + or keys are held for: less the 5 seconds, the display will change in 20 lb increments more than 5 seconds, the display will change in 100 lb increments.

1 2

13 14

Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Push the AUTO REFUEL START key. Ensure that: Refuel starts automatically the REFUEL VALVES LH and RH indicators come on REFUEL VALVES LH and RH indicators go off REFUEL END indicator comes on

15

When the FUEL QUANTITY and TOTAL SELECTED displays are the same, ensure:

November 2007

3-25

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 1 1 1 3 3 3 3 2 2 2 1

Task 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

Procedure Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Release DEADMAN. Set POWER switch to OFF. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. Verify that all switches are in the OFF or CLOSED position and if installed, guarded. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable

1 1 1 1

27 28 29 30

Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL COUPLER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT REFUEL COUPLING CAP, ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING ACCESS PANEL. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

3-26

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
J41 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-27

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


J41 BONDING PAGE (PICTURE PENDING)

3-28

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
3.7 3.7.1 BOEING FUELLING PROCEDURES B717 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling Servicing, ATA 12-11-07. Latest Dated 01 JUL 00 SLA 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the two AIRCRAFT FUELLING ACCESS DOORS. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP, as/if applicable. Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser/ servicer : If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect the hydrant coupler to the hydrant pit valve. Open the hydrant coupler and adapter if is manually operated. 2 9 Put the fuelling control panel POWER switch to ON. The Load Select Display Unit (LSDU) automatically does a Built-In-Test Equipment (BITE) check. Note: If external or APU power is not available, battery power will automatically be supplied - check with airline. 2 3 3 2 2 2 2 2 1 2 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Ensure the blue power light comes on. If required, record pre-uplift figure for each tank (or totaliser) on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Put the AUTO/OVERRIDE switch to AUTO. check the total fuel load appears in TOTAL FUEL QUANTITY. Push the SELECT QTY buttons until the required total fuel load is shown in the PRESELECT TOTAL window. Put the applicable FUEL FILL VALVE SWITCH to the AUTO/OPEN position. Push the START/STOP button. Ensure the applicable fuel fill valve manual levers are in the OPEN position. Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Monitor the applicable FUEL QUANTITY indicators to ENSURE that the LEFT and RIGHT MAIN TANKS contain similar fuel quantities. Note: The centre tank will only open if fuel required is greater than main tanks and then only when main tanks are nearly full.

November 2007

3-29

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 1 2 2 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1

Task 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32

Procedure Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Ensure each tank fuel fill valve manual lever closes when TOTAL FUEL QUANTITY equals the selected required fuel load. When the pre-set quantities have been reached and the processor shuts off fuelling, set each FUEL FILL VALVE SWITCH to the CLOSED position. Release DEADMAN. Verify that all VALVE CONTROL switches are in the OFF or CLOSED position and guarded. Set the POWER switch to the OFF position. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable.

1 1 1 1

33 34 35 36

Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER CAP, ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the two AIRCRAFT FUELLING ACCESS DOORS, checking the POWER switch is OFF. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

3-30

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
B717 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-31

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

B 717

3-32

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
3.7.2 B727-100/200 Manual Level 3 Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling - Servicing, ATA 12-11-0. Latest Dated 20 Jul 94 SLA 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING PANEL DOOR. Remove the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTOR CAP, as applicable. Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free from obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect the hydrant coupler to the hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated. 3 3 3 9 10 11 Position FUELING POWER switch to ON If required, record pre-uplift figure for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. Hold the TEST GAUGES switch in ON position 3 3 3 3 3 12 13 14 15 16 verify fuel quantity indicators are operating. release switch.

Push and release the FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS to test the bulbs. Make sure each fuelling valve light comes on and then goes off. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Calculate the required value each tank indicator must show when correct fuel quantity is loaded; if full tanks are required, set all refuel valve switches to OPEN. Set refuel valve switches to each tank to be refuelled to OPEN. If installed and fuel is required in the AUXILIARY TANK. put defuelling valve handle to OPEN. begin fuel flow by gradually increasing rate. test gauge as in 11 above. obtain confirmation from the flight crew or airline representative that the tank No. 2 cross feed switch is OPEN (On Flight Engineers panel.)

17

Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Note: Check that all FUELING VALVE LIGHTS of the tanks to be fuelled come on.

November 2007

3-33

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 1 3

Task 18 19

Procedure Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi/350 kPa Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. When the required quantities in each tank have been reached set, each FUELING VALVE SWITCH to the CLOSED position. Note 1: Fuelling valves will close automatically when FULL tanks have been reached. Note 2: Blue light ON indicates disagreement between the control switch and the valve.

3 3

20 21

If the AUXILIARY TANK has been refuelled: CLOSE de-fuelling valve. Monitor the FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS TO ENSURE that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS contain similar fuel quantities! Note: Manual returning of a fuelling valve to the OFF position during fuelling will STOP the fuel flow to that TANK at any time.

1 3 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. Verify that all switches are in the CLOSED position and if installed, guarded. Verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. Position FUELING POWER switch to OFF If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable

1 1 1 1

32 33 34 35

Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTOR. Re-install the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTOR CAP, as/if applicable, ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING PANEL DOOR, checking that power switch is OFF. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

3-34

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
B727-100/200 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-35

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

Boeing 727

3-36

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
3.7.3 B737-100/200 Manual Level 3 Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling - Servicing, ATA 12-11-0. Latest Dated 01 May 99 SLA 1 3 1 1 3 Task 1 2 3 4 5 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING PANEL DOOR. Primary fuel control power is automatically activated when panel door is opened. If not available, alternative power may be used by holding TEST GAUGE switch in the AUX FUELING POWER CONTROL position and omit Item 10. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP (if installed). Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to the hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated. 3 3 10 11 Record pre-uplift figure for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. Hold the TEST GAGES switch in TEST GAGES position 3 3 3 12 13 14 look for a change in value on indicators to ensure they operate correctly. release switch. ensure Pointer(s) return to original reading (pre-uplift figure in 10 above).

1 1 1 1

6 7 8 9

Push and release the FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS to test the bulbs. Make sure each fuelling valve light comes on and then goes off. Calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Calculate the required value each tank indicator must show when correct fuel quantity is loaded; if full tanks is required set all refuel valve switches to OPEN. Note: Wings must be full if centre tank is to be fuelled. Set refuel valve switches to each tank to be refuelled to OPEN.

15

November 2007

3-37

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SLA 3 Task 16 Procedure If installed and fuel is required in the AUXILIARY TANK. test gauge as in 10 above. verify No. 2 engine start lever is in CUT-OFF position and cross feed valve switch is in closed position. open defuelling valve access door put defuelling valve handle to OPEN begin fuel flow by gradually increasing rate.

Note: Only put fuel in AUX.TANK if centre tank is scheduled to contain more than 5.680 litres (1500 usg). 1 3 17 18 Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Note: Check that all FUELING VALVE LIGHTS of the tanks to be fuelled come on. Monitor the FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS TO ENSURE that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS contain similar fuel quantities! Note: Manual returning of a fuelling valve to the OFF position during fuelling will STOP the fuel flow to that TANK at any time. 1 3 19 20 Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. When the required quantities in each tank have been reached, set each FUELING VALVE SWITCH to the CLOSED position. Note 1: Fuelling valves will close automatically when FULL tanks have been reached. Note 2: Blue light ON indicates disagreement between the control switch and valve. 3 21 If the AUXILIARY TANK has been refuelled: 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 CLOSE defuelling valve. CLOSE the defuelling valve access door.

Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. Verify that all switches are in the CLOSED position and if installed, guarded. Verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew.

3-38

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
SLA 1 Task 30 Procedure When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser/ servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve. and remove lanyard, if applicable 1 1 1 1 31 32 33 34 Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTOR. Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP (if applicable), ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING PANEL DOOR. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

November 2007

3-39

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


B737-100/200 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-40

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

Boeing 737-100/200

November 2007

3-41

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


3.7.4 B737 300/400/500 Manual Level 3 Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling - Servicing, ATA 12-11-00. Latest Dated 15 MAR 98 SLA 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING PANEL DOOR. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP (if installed). Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTOR. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. 3 3 9 10 Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Record pre-uplift figure for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. Hold the TEST GAUGES switch in TEST GAUGES position: look for a change in value on indicators to ensure indicators operate correctly. release switch. ensure indicators return to initial value (pre-uplift figure in 9 above).

3 3 3

11 12 13

Push and release the FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS to test the bulbs. Make sure each fuelling valve light comes on and then goes off. Calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Calculate the required value each tank indicator must show when correct fuel quantity is loaded; if full tank is required, set all refuel valve switches to OPEN. Set the pre-select on the fuelling gauges, if applicable. Note: Wings must be full if centre tank is to contain more than 453 kgs (1,000 lbs)

14 15

Set refuel valve switches to each tank to be refuelled to OPEN. If installed and fuel is required in the AUXILIARY TANK. test gauge as in 10 above. OPEN Manual Defuelling AUX TANK refuel valve. ensure cross feed valve is set to OPEN (Located in Right Wing Rear Spar, near wheel well.) begin fuel flow by gradually increasing rate.

Note: Only put fuel in AUX.TANK if centre tank is scheduled to contain more than 5.680 litres (1500 usg).

3-42

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 1 3

Task 16 17

Procedure Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Note: Check that all FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS of the tanks to be fuelled come on. Monitor the FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS TO ENSURE that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS contain similar fuel quantities! Note: Manual returning of a fuelling valve to the OFF position during fuelling will STOP the fuel flow to that TANK at any time.

1 3

18 19

Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. When the required quantities in each tank have been reached, set each FUELLING VALVE SWITCH to the CLOSED position. Note 1: Fuelling valves will close automatically when FULL tanks has been reached. Note 2: Immediately after refuelling the FMC can be less than actual fuel quantity in the tank. The correct figure will be shown 2 minutes after fuelling is stopped. If necessary, continue fuelling to reach to required fuel volume. Note 3: Blue light ON indicates disagreement between the control switch and valve. Note 4: Automatic shutoff will occur at the pre-selected quantity if a pre-selected quantity was set.

20

If the AUXILIARY TANK has been refuelled: CLOSE Manual Defuelling AUX TANK refuel valve and GUARDED. Verify VALVE POSITION LIGHT is OFF (Bulb operative) Close the defuelling valve access door.

1 3 3 3 3 3 3 1

21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28

Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. Verify that all switches are in the CLOSED position and guarded. Verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew.

November 2007

3-43

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 1

Task 29

Procedure When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser/ servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve. and remove lanyard, if applicable

1 1 1 1

30 31 32 33

Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP (if applicable), ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING PANEL DOOR. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

3-44

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
B737-300/400/500 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-45

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

Boeing 737 -300/400/500

3-46

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.7.5

B737 600/700/800/900 Automatic Level 3 Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling - Servicing, ATA 12-11-00. Latest Dated 10 FEB 01 SLA 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 3 3 9 10 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated. Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING PANEL DOOR.

Record pre-uplift figure for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. Hold the FUELING INDICATION TEST SWITCH to ensure indicators operate correctly. the fuelling indicators blank for 2 seconds. then LED segments go on for 2 seconds. (Sequence continues while TEST SWITCH is held for 20 seconds.) release switch. if an internal fault is found the indicator will show FAIL.

3 3 3

11 12 13

Push and release the FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS to test the bulbs. Make sure each fuelling valve light comes on and then goes off. Calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Calculate the required value each tank indicator must show when correct fuel quantity is loaded; if full tank is required, set all refuel valve switches to OPEN. Set the pre-select on the fuelling gauges, if applicable. Note: Wings must be full if centre tank is to contain more than 453 kgs (1,000 lbs)

3 1

14 15

Set refuel valve switches to each tank to be refuelled to OPEN. Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Note: Check that all FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS of the tanks to be fuelled come on.

November 2007

3-47

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SLA 3 Task 16 Procedure Monitor the FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS TO ENSURE: that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS contain similar fuel quantities. that they do not start to flash.

Caution: If INDICATORS flash, STOP fuelling as the tank can be overfilled.


Note: Manual returning of a fuelling valve to the OFF position during fuelling will STOP the fuel flow to THAT TANK at any time. 1 17 Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. 3 18 When the required quantities in each tank have been reached, set each FUELLING VALVE SWITCH to the CLOSED position. Note 1: Fuelling valves will close automatically when FULL tanks has been reached. Note 2: Automatic shutoff will occur at the pre-selected quantity if a pre-selected quantity was set. 1 3 3 3 3 3 3 1 1 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. Verify that all switches are in the CLOSED position and if installed, guarded. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When then fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser/ servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard,. if applicable 1 1 1 1 28 29 30 31 Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP, ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING PANEL DOOR. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

3-48

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
B737-600/700/800 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-49

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

Boeing 737 600/700/800/900

3-50

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.7.6

B747-100/200/300 Level 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Pressure Refuelling Servicing, ATA 12-11-01. Dated: 25 OCT 97 SLA 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING PANEL DOORS on the left wing. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP (S), as/if applicable. Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzles to the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTERS. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser/servicer: 2 2 9 10 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free from obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Open the MANUAL SHUTOFF VALVES ( located behind the FUELLING ADAPTERS ) Check POWER switch is in NORMAL position. If the fuelling panel light does not come on, check with airline and if requested, put the battery power switch to BATTERY position.

11

Press the hold TEST GAUGES switch and check FUEL QUANTITY indicators for: if gauges are digital, check that the top and bottom displays of the load select indicators show all 888.8's for 1 second and then go off for 1 second. if analogue, check for a downscale pointer movement. release switch check gauges return to original readings.

2 3 3 2

12 13 14 15

Push the FUELING VALVE lights to test indicators lights, check each light comes on when pushed. If required, record pre-uplift figure for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. Check distribution is even between tanks. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Preselect the fuelling as follows: turn PRESELECT knob to required fuel quantity for each tank to be fuelled. set the REFUEL VALVE switches for Main and Centre tanks to AUTO. set REFUEL VALVE switches for reserve and body tanks to OPEN.

Note: When fuelling body tank, put ISOLATION VALVE switch to OPEN 1 16 If both wing stations are to be used, establish communication between operators.

November 2007

3-51

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SLA 1 2 2 Task 17 18 19 Procedure Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Note: Check that all FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS come on. Monitor the FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS to ensure that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS refuel at approximately the same rate. If required, TEST GAUGES: 1 2 20 21 put a group of REFUEL VALVE switches to closed position press TEST GAGES switch and hold. check VALVE POSITION LIGHTS that OPEN valves extinguish and FUEL QUANTITY and PRESELECTS indicators run downscale. Release switch check indicators return to original values.

Repeat for remaining REFUEL VALVE switches, which were in CLOSED position. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Put the ALL VALVES switch to the CLOSED position when all the refuel valve position lights are OFF. Note: All valves will automatically close when tank is full or at preselect value. Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. Verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Close the MANUAL SHUTOFF valves Ensure MANUAL DEFUELING VALVE is CLOSED If opened, CLOSE ISOLATION VALVE. If necessary, set the POWER switch to NORMAL position. Verify all switches are in CLOSED position and guarded. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser/ servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable.

1 3 3 3 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1

22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

3-52

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 1 1 1 1

Task 35 36 37 38

Procedure Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTERS. Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUEL ADAPTER CAPS, ensuring that they are secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING PANEL DOORS. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

November 2007

3-53

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


B747-100/200/300 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-54

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

Boeing 747-100/200/300
On the grounding stud on the door assy aft main landing gear or on the grounding stud on the steering actuator support of the nose landing gear shock strut

November 2007

3-55

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.7.7

B747-400 Levels 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure with Horizontal Stabilizer Tank

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Automatic Pressure Refuelling Servicing, ATA 12-11-01-301. Dated: Jun 18/01 SLA 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING PANEL DOOR on the left and/or right wing as required. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP. Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzles to the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTERS. Note: Ensure the Defuel lever is positioned correctly in the recess for the adapter When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 9 10 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Put the manual handle for FUEL SHUTOFF VALVE to OPEN. ( Located behind the FUELLING ADAPTER Check POWER switch is in NORM position. If the fuelling panel light does not come on, check with airline and if requested, put the battery power switch into the BAT position.

2 2

11 12

Push the PRESS TO TEST indicators lights, to check each light comes on when pushed. Press the TEST GAUGES switch for a minimum of 1 second to check that the top and bottom displays of the load select indicators show all 888.8's for 1 second and then go off for 1 second Note: There is no top display for H.STAB indicator Release the test switch, ensuring all displays go back to initial values. If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank (or totaliser) on the Fuel Sheet. Check distribution is even between tanks. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. If fuel is required in HST, put the H.STAB VALVE to OPEN, ensure light comes on. Some aircraft may have a STAB POSITON INDICATION LIGHT fitted and if the light is ON, set the required units of trim (normally 5-7) and light goes OFF.

2 3 3 2 2

13 14 15 18

3-56

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
SLA 2 Task 19 Procedure TOTAL Preselect Refuel. (a) Set the SELECT QTY thumbwheels to required total fuel quantity (b) Input the TOTAL preselect fuel quantity. (c) Move the SET QTY switch to TOTAL position and release. (d) Ensure the TOTAL FUEL PRESELECT indicator is same as SELECT QTY thumbwheel. If the TOTAL FUEL PRESELECT indicator is blank, move SET QTY switch to the TOTAL position again. A fuel quantity value will be set into the indicator. 2 20 Ensure panel is set for refuel operation (a) VALVE POSITION CONTROL switches CLOSED (b) ALL VALVES switch CLOSED (c) SELECT QTY thumbwheel set to total preselect value. (d) TOTAL PRESELECT indicator same as SELECT QTY (e) CTR PRESELECT indicator Blank. 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 If both wing stations are to be used, establish communication between operators. Put the ALL VALVE PRESELECT CONTROL switch to the OPEN position. Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Note: Check that all FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS come on. Monitor the FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS TO ENSURE that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS refuel at approximately the same rate. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Press TEST SYS switch, the FQPU will close the refuel valves to check the shutoff control. The refuel valve lights will go out and come on again. If required test HORIZONTAL STABILIZER: Note: The two secondary refuel valves must operate correctly to dispatch with fuel in HST. Begin test when fuel quantity in CWT nears figure quoted on the refuel panel access door CENTER TANK SECONDARY VALVE TEST INSTRUCTIONS. (a) Set TEST C TANK SEC VAL switch to CLOSED and hold. (for approx. 30 secs.) (b) Ensure the two TEST C TANK SEC VAL blue indication lights come on. (c) Ensure flow to CWT stops. (d) Ensure blue indication lights go OFF (. This may require holding the switch in closed position for 30 secs or more ) (e) Release TEST C TANK SEC VAL switch (f) Ensure flow returns to CWT. Note: Flow to CWT should stop with TEST C TANK SEC VAL in closed position before CWT is full (Approx. 52,200 kgs). 2 28 Put the ALL VALVES switch to the CLOSED position when all the refuel valve position lights are OFF. Note: The FQPU will automatically close the refuel valves when tank fuel quantity is at VTO or preselect value. 1 3 3 29 30 31 Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel 3-57

November 2007

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SLA 3 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 Task 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 Procedure Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Put the manual handle for the FUELLING SHUTOFF VALVES to CLOSED If opened, CLOSE ISOL VALVE. If necessary, set the POWER switch to NORM position. If used, set BATTERY switch to OFF position. Verify all switches are in CLOSED position, guarded. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable.. 1 1 1 1 42 43 44 45 Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTORS. Re-install the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTOR CAPS, as/if applicable, ensuring that they are secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING PANEL DOOR. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

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November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
B747-400 WITH HORIZONTAL STABILIZER TANK FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-59

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

Boeing 747-400
On the grounding stud on the door assy aft main landing gear or on the grounding stud on the steering actuator support of the nose landing gear shock strut

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November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.7.8

B747-400 Levels 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure Without Horizontal Stabilizer

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Automatic Pressure Refuelling - Servicing, ATA 12-11-01-301. Dated: Jun 18/01 SLA 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING PANEL DOOR on the left and/or right wing as required. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP. Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzles to the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTERS. Note: Ensure the Defuel lever is positioned correctly in the recess for the adapter When fuelling is performed using hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 9 10 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect the hydrant coupler to the hydrant pit valve. Open the hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Put the manual handle for FUEL SHUTOFF VALVE to OPEN. ( Located behind the FUELLING ADAPTER ) Check POWER switch is in NORM position. If the fuelling panel light does not come on, check with airline and if requested, put the battery power switch into the BAT position.

2 2

11 12

Push the PRESS TO TEST indicators lights, to check each light comes on when pushed. Press the TEST GAUGES switch for a minimum of 1 second to check that the top and bottom displays of the load select indicators show all 888.8's for 1 second and then go off for 1 second. Release the test switch, ensuring all displays go back to initial values. If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank (or totaliser) on the Fuel Sheet. Check distribution is even between tanks. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. TOTAL Preselect Refuel: (a) Set the SELECT QTY thumbwheels to required quantity (b) Input the TOTAL preselect fuel quantity. (c) Move the SET QTY switch to TOTAL position and release. (d) Ensure the TOTAL FUEL PRESELECT indicator is same as SELECT QTY thumbwheel. If the TOTAL FUEL PRESELECT indicator is blank, move SET QTY switch to the TOTAL position again. A fuel quantity value will be set into the indicator.

2 3 3 2

13 14 15 16

November 2007

3-61

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SLA 2 1 2 1 2 1 2 2 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 If both wing stations are to be used, establish communication between operators. Put the ALL VALVE PRESELECT CONTROL switch to the OPEN position. Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Note: Check that all FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS come on. Monitor the FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS TO ENSURE that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS refuel at approximately the same rate. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Press TEST SYS switch, the FQPU will close the refuel valves to check the shutoff control. The refuel valve lights will go out and come on again. Put the ALL VALVES switch to the CLOSED position when all the refuel valve position lights are OFF. Note: The FQPU will automatically close the refuel valves when tank fuel quantity is at VTO or preselect value. 1 3 3 3 3 2 1 2 2 2 2 2 1 34 35 36 37 If necessary, set the POWER switch to NORM position. If used, set BATTERY switch to OFF position. Verify all switches are in CLOSED position and if required, guarded. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 1 1 1 1 38 39 40 41 Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Put the manual handle for the FUELLING SHUTOFF VALVES to CLOSED Task Procedure

Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTORS. Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAPS, ensuring that they are secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING PANEL DOORS. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

3-62

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
B747-400 WITHOUT HORIZONTAL STABILIZER TANK FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-63

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.7.9

B757 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling - Servicing, ATA 12-11-01. Latest Dated 28 SEP 00 SLA 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING STATION DOOR. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP( if installed). Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 9 10 If applicable, attach lanyard to pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron, such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

If the fuelling panel light does not come on, check with airline and if requested, put the battery power switch into the BAT position. Press the TEST IND button to check that the top and bottom displays of the load select indicators show all eight's. Note: If message PUSH SET shows, there is an FQIS failure. Push and release the FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS to test the bulbs. Make sure each fuelling valve light comes on and then goes off. If required, record pre-uplift figure for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Set the thumbwheel at the LOAD SELECT CONTROL to the required fuel quantity for an applicable tank. Press the LOAD SELECT SET button for the applicable tank and hold until quantity set is transferred to the display of the LOAD SELECT INDICATOR. Note: If you make an error during the selection procedure, push the applicable SET button and do the procedure again

2 3 3 2 2

11 12 13 14 15

2 2 1 2

16 17 18 19

Repeat procedure for each individual tank. (Item 14 and 15) Put the applicable FUELLING VALVE SWITCH to the FUEL position. Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Note: Check that all FUELING VALVE LIGHTS of the tanks to be fuelled come on. Monitor the FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS TO ENSURE that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS contain similar fuel quantities! Note: Manual returning of a fuelling valve to the OFF position during fuelling will STOP the fuel flow to that TANK at any time. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa

20

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November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
SLA 3 Task 21 Procedure Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Push the SYSTEM TEST button: 3 22 2 23 FQPU will test refuelling system. After tests, fuelling valves will close in sequence and open, refuelling will continue FQPU will test the full tanks shutoff system After test, fuelling valves are closed Push the overfill RESET BUTTON, Fuelling valves open and refuelling will continue.

If required, push the OVERFILL test button:

When the preset quantities have been reached and the processor shuts off fuelling, set each FUELING VALVE SWITCH to the OFF position. Note: Fuelling valves close automatically when the required quantities of fuel set on the LOAD SELECT INDICATORS have been reached or if fuel tank is FULL.

1 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1

24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Release DEADMAN . Verify that all switches are in the OFF or CLOSE position, fuelling valve lights are OFF and if installed, guarded. If necessary, set the BATTERY POWER SELECT SWITCH to the OFF position. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable.

1 1 1 1

34 35 36 37

Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP (if applicable) ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING STATION DOOR. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

November 2007

3-65

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


B757 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-66

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

B757
On the grounding stud of each main landing gear truck or on the bonding jumper of the nose landing gear.

November 2007

3-67

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


3.7.10 B767 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling Servicing, ATA 12-11-01. Latest Dated 22 DEC 00 SLA 1 3 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING STATION DOOR. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP, (if applicable). Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing Connect fuelling nozzle to the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 9 10 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

If the fuelling panel light does not come on, check with airline and if requested, put the battery power switch into the BAT position. Press the TEST IND switch to check that the top and bottom displays of the load select indicators show all eight's. Note: If message PUSH SET shows there is an FQIS failure. Push and release the FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS to test the bulbs. Make sure each fuelling valve light comes on and then goes off. If required, record pre-uplift figure for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Set the thumbwheel at the LOAD SELECT CONTROL to the required fuel quantity for an applicable tank. Press the LOAD SELECT SET button for the applicable tank and hold until quantity set is transferred to the display of the LOAD SELECT INDICATOR. Note: If you make an error during the selection procedure, push the applicable SET switch and do the procedure again

2 3 3 2 2

11 12 13 14 15

2 2 1

16 17 18

Repeat procedure for each individual tank. (Item 14 and 15) Put the applicable FUELLING VALVE SWITCH to the FUEL position. Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Note: Check that all FUELING VALVE LIGHTS of the tanks to be fuelled come on. (If only one light for the applicable tanks comes on, only one valve is open and fuel flow to that tank will decrease.)

19

Monitor the FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS TO ENSURE that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS contain similar fuel quantities! Note: Manual returning of a fuelling valve to the OFF position during fuelling will STOP the fuel flow to THAT TANK at any time.

1 3-68

20

Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
SLA 3 Task 21 Procedure Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Push the SYSTEM TEST button FQPU will test refuelling system. After tests, fuelling valves will close in sequence and open, refuelling will continue 3 22 If required, push the OVERFILL TEST button FQPU will test the full tanks shutoff system. After test, fuelling valves are closed. Push the overfill RESET button; Fuelling valves open and refuelling will continue. 2 23 When the preset quantities have been reached and the processor shuts off fuelling, set each FUELING VALVE SWITCH to the OFF position. Note: Fuelling valves close automatically when the required quantities of fuel set on the LOAD SELECT INDICATORS have been reached or if fuel tank is FULL. 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. Verify that all fuelling valve lights are OFF, all switches are in the OFF or CLOSE position and if installed, guarded. If necessary, set the POWER SELECT SWITCH to the OFF position. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispensers / servicers : Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable. 1 1 1 1 34 35 36 37 Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP (if applicable), ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING STATION DOOR. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

November 2007

3-69

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


B767 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

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November 2007

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

B767
On the grounding stud of each main landing gear truck or on the grounding stud of the nose landing gear.

November 2007

3-1

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.7.11

B777 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling - Servicing, ATA 12-11-01. Latest Dated 05 JAN 01 SLA 1 2 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING STATION DOOR. Wait 60 seconds for the FUEL QTY display(s) to come on and TF to show in the TOTAL/BACKUP display. 1 1 1 1 5 6 7 8 Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP. Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the applicable AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 2 2 9 10 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated

If the FUEL QTY display(s) does not show the fuel quantity, check with airline and if requested, put the POWER switch into the BAT position. Press the TEST IND button to test fuel quantity indicators. Ensure test patterns(###.#) show on FUEL QTY and LOAD SEL displays. Note: A checker-board pattern will show for 2 seconds and an opposite pattern for a further 2 seconds, then go off and show once more when the FUEL QTY and LOAD SEL will return to usual condition.

2 3 3 2

11 12 13 14

Push and release the FUELLING VALVE LIGHTS to test the bulbs. Make sure each fuelling valve light comes on and then goes off. If required, record pre-uplift figure for each tank (or totaliser) on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Set the thumbwheel at the LOAD SELECT QTY to the required fuel quantity TOTAL preselection. Ensure TOTAL/BACKUP display is set to show total fuel quantity if fuelling to a Total fuel load. Press the LOAD SELECT SET button for one second for TOTAL fuel indication and hold until quantity set is transferred to the display of the LOAD SELECT TOTAL INDICATOR

Note: If you make an error during the selection procedure, push the applicable LOAD SELECT SET switch and do the procedure again 1 15 Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling

3-2

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 2

Task 16

Procedure Put the applicable REFUEL VALVE CONTROL switches to the OPEN position and Check that all FUELING VALVE LIGHTS of the tanks to be fuelled come on. Note: If PUSH SET shows on FUEL QTY, refuel will stop.

18

Monitor the FUEL QUANTITY INDICATORS TO ENSURE that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS contain similar fuel quantities. Note 1: Manual returning of a fuelling valve to the OFF position during fuelling will STOP the fuel flow to that TANK at any time. Note 2: If fuelling stops 1000 to 1100 kgs (2000 to 2200 lb) less than a full tank there is a failure in the FQPU.

1 3

19 20

Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. . Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. Push the TEST SYSTEM button. FQPU will test refuelling system. (Load select tests.) After tests, fuelling valves will close in sequence and open, refuelling will continue apply fuel pressure (can be less than 55 psi.) push OVERFILL TEST switch refuel valve lights will go OFF (Valves are closed.). set OVERFILL RESET switch to RESET set OVERFILL RESET to NORMAL refuel lights will come ON( valves are open)

21

If required, do an overfill test:

22

When the preset quantities have been reached and the processor shuts off fuelling, set each REFUEL VALVE switch to the CLOSE position. Note: Fuelling valves close automatically when the required quantities of fuel set on the LOAD SELECT INDICATORS have been reached or if fuel tank is FULL.

1 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31

Release DEADMAN. Verify that all fuelling valve lights are OFF, all switches are in the OFF or CLOSE position and if installed, guarded. If necessary, set the POWER SELECT SWITCH to the NORMAL position. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew.

November 2007

3-3

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 1

Task 32

Procedure When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable..

1 1 1 1

33 34 35 36

Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP, as/if applicable ensuring that it is secure. Close and securely latch the FUELLING STATION DOOR. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-4

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
B777 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-5

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS B777 These are located on the Nose undercarriage leg, reference (A), and both Main undercarriage legs, reference (B).

3-6

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
3.8 MCDONNELL DOUGLAS LEVEL 2 AND 3 3.8.1 DC-10 (All Series) MD10 Level 2 & 3 Manual Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Pressure Refuelling - Servicing, ATA 1211-04. Latest Dated 01 MAR 00 SLA 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ACCESS DOOR(S). Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP. Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER(S). When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 9 2 10 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Put tank fill shutoff valves switch to CLOSED. Momentarily hold fuelling control panel POWER, switch to ARM to allow the power relay to energise the fuelling circuits. release POWER switch to NORMAL position POWER ON light should come on and remain on.

Note: If external or APU power is not available, battery power will automatically be supplied - check with airline. 3 3 2 11 12 13 If required, record pre-uplift figure for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Put FUEL QTY GAUGE TEST switch to TEST and hold OR push TEST knob on each FUEL QTY repeater. 2 14 FUEL QTY display will indicate 99,900 lbs for Main Tanks and 199,900 lbs for Auxiliary Tanks. release switch switch returns to NORMAL, indicators will return to original quantity.

Pull SET knob on SELECTOR FUEL LOAD portion of FUEL QTY until required fuel load is shown for each tank Push SET knob in firmly. Repeat for each tank to be fuelled.

1 2

15 16

Activate DEADMAN and start fuelling. Put tank fill shutoff valves to AUTO or OPEN if full tanks are required. Ensure fill shutoff valve VALVE OPEN lights illuminate in 10 seconds. Note 1: With low fuelling pressure/flow rate not all fill valves open simultaneously.

November 2007

3-7

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SLA Task Procedure Refuel No.2 and Auxiliary tanks first. Note 2: If No.2 tank requires more than 27,200 kgs ( 60,000 lbs) flow rate must be more than 890 l.p.m ( 235 usg.p.m.) by the time No.2 tank reaches 13,600 kgs (30,000 lbs.) 2 17 Monitor the applicable FUEL QTY indicators to ENSURE that the 3 Main Tanks contain similar fuel quantities until Nos.1 & 3 are full. Auxiliary tanks, upper then lower, should be fuelled last. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure whilst fuelling. . Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded. 2 19 If required, hold FUEL LEVEL SHUTOFF switch in TEST position until all tank VALVE OPEN lights go off. release switch to OFF position, VALVE OPEN lights should come on and stay on. 2 20 When the preset quantities have been reached and the processor shuts off fuelling, check each tank VALVE OPEN lights go OFF. (Automatic shutoff should be within +/- 100 kgs (200 lbs). Note: Fill shutoff valves automatically close when tanks are full. 2 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 Put all FILL SHUTOFF valve switches to CLOSE. Release DEADMAN to stop fuelling. Verify that all switches are in the OFF or CLOSED position and guarded (if installed) Momentarily hold POWER switch in DISARM position. Ensure POWER ON light goes off and stays off. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser/ servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable.. 1 1 1 1 32 33 34 35 Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP(S), ensuring they are secure. Close and securely latch the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ACCESS DOOR(S), checking the POWER switch is OFF. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

18

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences

3-8

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
DC-10/MD10 FUELLING LOCATIONS

Pressure Refueling Control Panel


WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-9

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

DC10
On the terminal-grounding plug of each main landing gear shock.

3-10

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.8.2

MD80/MD90 and DC9 Series Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Tank Pressure Fuelling- Servicing, ATA 12-11-07. Latest dated 01 Jul.94. SLA 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ACCESS DOOR. Remove the AIRCRAFT FUEL LING ADAPTER CAP, as/if applicable. Ensure the coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 2 9 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Put the fuelling control panel POWER switch to the ON position. Note: If external or APU power is not available, the battery power will automatically be supplied . Inform the airline representative or flight crew of this event.

2 2 3 3 2

10 11 12 13 14

Ensure the blue power light comes on. Make sure the AUTO / AUTO OVERRIDE switch is in the AUTO position. If required, record the pre-uplift figure for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be up-lifted and convert to volume. Record on Fuel Sheet. Rotate and hold the FUNCTION switch in SYSTEM TEST position. FUEL QUANTITY display will indicate 1500 ( +/- 25 ) kgs, ( 3000( +/-50 lbs )) Release switch ( the switch will automatically return to NORMAL ) Check that the FUEL QUANTITY displays return to the original quantity.

15

MD-80: For each tank, pull out the SET knob and rotate until the required fuel load is shown in the applicable FUEL SELECT display. MD-90: For each tank, push the load select button until the required fuel load is shown in the FUEL SELECT display. Push the SET knob. Repeat for each tank to be fuelled.

16

Place the LEFT MAIN TANK and RIGHT MAIN TANK fuel fill valve control switches in AUTO FILL position. If fuelling of other tanks is required, place the applicable tank fuel fill valve control switch in AUTO FILL position. Ensure the applicable fuel fill valve manual levels are in the OPEN position. Procedure Activate the DEADMAN Control and start fuelling. Monitor the FUEL QTY indicators and ensure that the LEFT and RIGHT WING TANKS are filled 3-11

2 SLA 1 2

17 Task 18 19

November 2007

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


approximately equally. 1 20 Monitor the fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded. 2 2 2 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Ensure that each tank fuel fill valve manual lever closes when FUEL QTY equals the preselected fuel load. When the pre-set quantities have been reached and the fuel fill valves have closed, set each FILL VALVE control switches in CLOSED position. Check that the MASTER REFUEL switch is in AUTO FILL position. Release DEADMAN Control . Verify that all switches are in OFF or CLOSED position and guarded (if installed) Set the POWER switch to the OFF position and guarded. If required, verify fuel load is in valid pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. Report any inoperative indicating lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable. 1 1 1 1 34 35 36 37 Disconnect fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER CAP, as/if applicable and ensure it is secure. Close and securely latch the AIRCRAFT FUELLING CONTROL PANEL ACCESS DOOR, checking the POWER switch is OFF and guarded. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE OR FLIGHT CREW AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-12

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
MD80 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-13

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


MD90 FUELLING LOCATIONS

3-14

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

MD 80/90

November 2007

3-15

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.8.3

MD 11 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Pressure Refuelling-Servicing, ATA 12-11-02-3. Dated March 01.01 SLA 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle and ground if required. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet Open the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ACCESS DOOR(S). Remove the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER CAP ( s ). Ensure the couplings of the fuel supply hoses are clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect fuelling nozzle(s) to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER(s) When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 9 10 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and the hydrant coupler. Connect the hydrant coupler to the hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Ensure all the Fill Valve switches are CLOSED. Move the POWER switch on the refuelling control panel to the ARM position and then release to the NORMAL position a) When the POWER switch is moved to the ARM position, the Load Select Display Unit (LSDU) power-up test starts. b) The POWER light should come when the POWER switch is released to the NORMAL position.

11

During the LSDU power-up test, monitor the following on the Refuelling Control Panel: a) All the LED lights and status indicators come ON b) Dashes appear in the LSDU QTY and SEL indicators c) the displays return to their usual condition d) the AUTO OVRD and the KGS or LBS indicator comes on Note: The LSDU power-up test indicates the fuel system is serviceable. If the Word ABORT appears in the LSDU SEL indicator, the test has failed. If the system failed, stop the fuelling operation and inform the flight crew or airline representative.

3 3 2

12 13 14

If required, record fuel quantity before uplift for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Make sure that all the Fill Valve switches are in the CLOSED position.

3-16

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 2

Task 15

Procedure Push the SYS TEST switch on the refuelling control panel : a) all the QTY and SEL indicators show 8888888 b) the AUTO OVRD and kgs or lbs indicators comes ON and goes OFF c) all the QTY indicators, momentarily show 10500 d) The AUTO OVRD indicator and KGS or LBS indicator comes on. e) All displays should go back to usual condition Caution: If the system has a fault, inform the airline representative or the crew.

16

Set the Fill Valve switches for the tanks to be filled in AUTO position. Make sure that all of the remaining Fill Valve switches are in the CLOSED position. Note : There is one FILL VALVE switch for the Upper Centre Wing Tank and one for the Lower Centre Wing Tank. The LSDU CTR WING Tank indicator shows the Total Quantity for both tanks. Warning: Do not set Tail Tank switch in AUTO position until Tanks N 1,2,3 and CTR WING Tank contains a total of 27,200 kgs ( 60,000 lbs ) and all tanks are fuelling at the same time.

17

Set the quantity for one tank to be filled as follows: a) Push the FUEL LOAD PRESELECT button of that tank. The LSDU SEL Indicator for that tank will flash. b) To increase or decrease the required fuel quantity, use the function arrows. c) Repeat this procedure for each tank to be filled. Note 1: When the total quantity of fuel aboard the aircraft is more than 27.200 kg (60.000 lbs) make sure that 2.700 kg ( 6.000 lbs ) is loaded in the Upper Center Auxiliary Tank. Also make sure that 900 kg ( 2.000 lbs) is loaded in the Tail Tank. Note 2: If the Tail Tank has to be filled, obtain confirmation of the flight crew that the horizontal stabiliser is in 30 aircraft nose up ( ANU ) position. Note 3: If ballast fuel is required in the Upper Center Auxiliary Tank, the flight crew has to put the right amount in the cockpit MCDU either before completion of the fuelling or before the engine start, as required.

1 2 2

18 19 20

Activate DEADMAN Control to start fuelling. Press START FUEL button to start fuelling, The VALVE OPEN lights will come on for the Fill Valves that are open. Perform the Fuel Level Shut-off test as follows: When the Tanks 1, 2, 3 and CTR Tank have at least 27,200 kgs ( 60,000 lbs ) fuel in total and the FILL VALVE of the Tail Tank is in AUTO position, move the FUEL-LEVEL SHUTOFF switch to the TEST position and hold: If all VALVE OPEN lights go OFF, release FUEL-LEVEL SHUT-OFF switch and then the VALVE OPEN lights will come back on. If the VALVE OPEN lights do NOT go off, or if any TANK Fill Valve does not open, stop refuelling and inform the flight crew or airline representative.

November 2007

3-17

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 1

Task 22

Procedure Monitor the fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi / 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

When the pre-set quantities have been reached and the processor shuts off fuelling, Check that each tank VALVE OPEN lights go OFF. Put all Fill Valve Switches to CLOSED. Release DEADMAN Control . Make sure that all switches are in the OFF or CLOSED position and guarded (if installed) Momentarily hold POWER switch in DISARM position Release POWER switch when power light goes OFF. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, record discrepancy check and verify it is within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable.

1 1 1 1

35 36 37 38

Disconnect the fuelling nozzle from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. Re-install the AIRCRAFT REFUEL ADAPTER CAP(S), ensuring they are secure. Make sure that the POWER switch is OFF . Close and securely latch the AIRCRAFT FUELLING DOOR(S). Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING IMMEDIATELY AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-18

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
MD11 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-19

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

MD 11
On the terminal-grounding plug of each main landing gear shock.

3-20

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

November 2007

3-21

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.9 3.9.1

FAIRCHILD-DORNIER FUELLING PROCEDURES Dornier 228 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel Maintenance Practices ATA 12-11-00 dated Jan.08.84 SLA 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle, and ground if required. Open the Refuelling Panel Door and check that the Manual Shut-Off valve is in CLOSE position. Remove the cap from the Fuelling Adapter Ensure the fuelling coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the hose coupling to the aircraft Fuelling Adapter. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 2 8 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Obtain confirmation from the Crew or Airline representative that on the Cockpit Overhead Panel, the BATT-ery and MASTER switches are in correct position and that the CROSSFEED switch is set vertical and that the crossfeed indicator indicates OFF. Note the required fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. If required, record fuel quantity before uplift on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Set the MASTER switch on the Refuelling Panel to REFUEL Check that the WING LH and WING RH PRE-CHECK switches are set to OFF. Set the REFUELLING QTY potentiometer to the requested fuel quantity. Check that the LH and RH TRANSM ON and the REFUEL READY indicators are illuminated. Activate DEADMAN Control to start fuelling. Monitor fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi. / 350 kPa . Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

2 3 3 2 2 2 2 1 1

9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

3-22

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 2

Task 18

Procedure During the fuelling operation, check the Fuel Control pilot valves and the Refuelling Valves for correct operation as follows: a) Set the LH and RH PRE-CHECK WING switches to ON. b) Check that the fuelling operation stops after a few seconds. The REFUEL READY lamps must extinguished. c) Set the LH and RH PRE-CHECK WING switches to OFF and check that fuelling operation is re-started. The REFUEL READY lamps must illuminate. Caution: If the system has a fault, inform the Airline representative or the Crew.

19

Continue fuelling until the fuelling process is stopped automatically when the desired fuel quantity is reached. Note: REFUEL READY lamps extinguish when the pre-set fuel quantity is reached. Release DEADMAN Control Set the MASTER switch on the Fuelling Panel to FLIGHT. If required, record the actual fuel quantity, indicated on the gauges and on the vehicle meter, on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable.

1 2 3 3 1 1

20 21 22 23 24 25

1 1 1

26 27 28

Disconnect the fuelling hose from the aircraft Fuelling Adapter. Close and securely latch the aircraft Fuelling Panel Access Door. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

November 2007

3-23

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


Dornier 228 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-24

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.9.2

Dornier 328 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual- Fuel Replenishment, ATA 12-11-00, dated March 01 / 00. SLA 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle Bond between the aircraft and the fuelling vehicle. Remove the aircraft FUELLING ADAPTER CAP. Ensure the coupling of the fuel supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuel supply hose coupling to the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER.. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer: 2 2 2 7 8 9 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Open the Refuel Control Panel access door on the right hand wing. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. On the Refuel Control Panel : a) Set the MASTER SWITCH to the ON position. b) If installed, make sure the applicable red LBS or KGS light comes on. c) Make sure the left and right horizontal REFUELLING Valves CLOSED lights come on. d) Make sure the left and right FUEL QUANTITY REMAINING displays come on e) Make sure the PRESELECT QTY display reads 0 or the quantity entered by the fight crew. f) Make sure the LEFT and RIGHT REFUELDEFUEL switches are set to AUTO position. Caution : If the PRESELECT QTY display reads HELP do NOT start fuelling and inform the Airline representative or crew.

3 3 2

10 11 12

If required, record fuel quantity before uplift on the Fuel sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. If the PRESELECT QTY display reads 0 ( the pre-select quantity has not been entered by the flight crew) : a) Set the INC / DEC switch to INC position and hold. b) Ensure the numbers on the PRESELECT QTY display increase. The Dec position will decrease the required number. Note : Holding the switch for more than 4 seconds will update the display at a faster Rate.

13

When the PRESELECT QTY display shows the required fuel load, release the INC / DEC switch.

November 2007

3-25

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 1 1

Task 14 154

Procedure Activate DEADMAN Control and start fuelling. Monitor fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi. / 350 kPa . Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

16

Make sure the refuel/defuel panel carries out the automatic refuel shut-off test for each tank as follows. Note: There is a small time delay between the left and right tank test. a) Make sure the LEFT and RIGHT horizontal refuelling CLOSED lights go out. b) Make sure the Left and RIGHT vertical refuelling valve OPEN lights come on at the start of the pressure refuelling. c) Make sure the LEFT and RIGHT horizontal refuelling valve CLOSED lights comes on for a few seconds. This must occur after at least 11 kg ( 24 lbs ) of fuel has entered each tank. d) At the same time make sure that the LEFT and RIGHT refuel valves are closed . This is confirmed by the LEFT and RIGHT FUEL QUANTITY REMAINING display is no longer updating. e) After the above test make sure that the numbers on the LEFT and RIGHT FUEL QUANTITY REMAINING display increase. Caution: If the system has a fault, stop fuelling immediately and inform the Airline representative or Crew.

17

When the fuelling operation is complete, make sure that : a) The horizontal refuelling valve CLOSED lights come on. b) The sum total of fuel indicated on the FUEL QUANTITY REMAINING displays is equal to the fuel originally entered on the PRESELECT QTY. c) The numbers on the FUEL QUANTITY REMAINING displays are stable and read the same or are within 50 kg or 100 lbs of each other. d) The PRESELECT QTY display reads 0.

1 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 2

18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26

Release DEADMAN Control. Set the Master Switch to the (upper) OFF position. If required, verify fuel load is in a valid pre-fight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities indicated on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew. Reports any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the Airline representative or Crew. Close and securely latch the aircraft Control Panel access door.

3-26

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 1

Task 27

Procedure When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable

1 1

28 29

Disconnect the fuel supply hose coupling from the AIRCRAFT FUELLING ADAPTER. Re-install the FUELLING ADAPTER CAP and secure. Make sure that the thin part of the handle of the FUELLING ADAPTER CAP points to the rear of the aircraft when the cap is closed and secured. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

30

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF : Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE

November 2007

3-27

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


Fairchild-Dornier 328 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-28

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS Fairchild-Dornier 328

November 2007

3-29

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


3.10 EMBRAER FUELLING PROCEDURES 3.10.1 EMB 120 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures
Maintenance Manual, Fuel System-Servicing,

These procedures are based on the Aircraft ATA 12-11-01 effectivity ALL. Dated Jul 30, 2004

SLA 1 1 1 2 1

Task 1 2 3 4 5

Procedure Position fuelling vehicle Bond between the fuelling vehicle and the aircraft and ground if required Open the aircraft fuelling panel door. If normal aircraft electrical power is not available, fuelling should not be performed. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : If applicable, attach lanyard hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free from obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

2 2 3 3 1 1 1 2 2

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14

Note the requested fuel quantity from the FUEL SHEET. Ensure that the REFUELLING switch is at CLOSED/OFF position. If required, record fuel quantity before uplift on the Fuel Sheet If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Ensure the unit of measurement (pound/kilogram) that the indicator shows. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Remove the aircraft fuelling adapter cap. Ensure the coupling of the fuel supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the aircraft fuelling adapter. Press the QTY IND TEST pushbutton and observe indicators pointers rotating clockwise to FULL scale Activate DEADMAN and Pressurize the system (35-50 psig) and observe: (a) VENT VALVE lights go out (b) REFUEL VALVE lights go on (closed) (c) Fuel flow stops Release DEADMAN. Continue the process, if non of the above has failed.

2 2 2 2 2 1 2 2 3-30

15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Select the required fuel quantity by means of the fuel indicator setting knobs Set the REFUEL MASTER SWITCH to the AUTO position Activate DEADMAN and Pressurize the system (35-50 psig) Ensure that there is no leakage at the fuel nozzle connection When the set fuel quantity is reached, the LH tank and RH tank REFUEL valve lights come on, indicating that the refuelling shutoff valves are closed. Release the DEADMAN control. Check the equal fuel distribution between LH and RH Tanks Set the Refuelling switch to the CLOSED/OFF position November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
3 3 3 3 2 1 1 23 24 25 26 27 32 35 If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid Pre-flight distribution If required, record actual fuel quantities on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within the limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable 1 1 1 1 1 36 37 39 40 41 Remove the fuelling nozzle from the aircraft fuelling adapter. Install the protection cover to the fuelling adapter and ensure it is secure. Ensure that all the switches are OFF and / or CLOSED, as applicable, and guards are at the close position on the Refuelling Panel. Close the Aircraft Fuel Panel access door. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

November 2007

3-31

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


EMB 120 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg. 3-32 November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINT EMB 120

November 2007

3-33

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3-34

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.10.2

EMB 135 and EMB 145 (all models except 145XR) Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures
Manual, Fuel System-Servicing,

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance ATA 12-11-01 effectivity ALL. Dated February, 28, 2004.

SLA 1 1 1 2 1

Task 1 2 3 4 5

Procedure Position fuelling vehicle Bond between the fuelling vehicle and the aircraft and ground if required Open the aircraft fuelling panel door. If normal aircraft electrical power or external DC power supply is not available, set the power selection switch to the battery position on the refuelling panel. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : If applicable, attach lanyard hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free from obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

2 2 2 2 3 3 1 1 1 2 2 2

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 15 16 17 18 19 20 21

Note the requested fuel quantity from the FUEL SHEET. Ensure that the REFUELLING switch is at CLOSED position and the REFUELLING lights related to the LH and RH tanks are off Ensure that the DEFUELLING switch is at CLOSED position and the DEFUELLING light is off. Ensure that the SELECTED Fuel Quantity indicator shows zero If required, record fuel quantity before uplift on the Fuel Sheet If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Ensure the unit of measurement (pound/kilogram) that the indicator shows. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Remove the aircraft fuelling adapter cap. Ensure the coupling of the fuel supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the aircraft fuelling adapter. Set the SELECTED Fuel Quantity Indicator, at the Repeater, to the necessary fuel quantity by putting the toggle switch to the INCR position and hold. When the selected display shows the required fuel load, release the SELECTED toggle switch. Activate DEADMAN and Pressurize the system (35-50 psig) Ensure that there is no leakage at the fuel nozzle connection Ensure that the REFUELLING lights related to the LH and RH tanks come on (CLOSED or CLSD, as applicable) and the refuelling flow stops. Set the REFUELLING switch to the OPEN position and ensure that the REFUELLING lights related to the LH and RH tanks go off. Ensure that the fuel QTY display increase. Procedure

22

SLA

Task

November 2007

3-35

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


2 24 (For aircraft with HLEIS) If one or more than one of the STOP RFL lights come(s) on, immediately remove the fuel pressure that comes from the refueling source and stop the refueling procedure. When the set fuel quantity is reached, the LH tank and RH tank REFUELLING lights come on, indicating that the refuelling shutoff valves are closed. The lights stay on until the refuelling hose of the refuelling vehicle is pressurised. Ensure that the numbers on the actual and selected display are stable and the same . Release the DEADMAN control. Check the equal fuel distribution between Tanks 1 and 2 by putting the toggle switch to the TK SEL position. Set the Refuelling switch to the CLOSED position If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid Pre-flight distribution If required, record actual fuel quantities on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within the limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable 1 1 2 1 1 1 37 38 39 40 41 42 Remove the fuelling nozzle from the aircraft fuelling adapter. Install the protection cover to the fuelling adapter and ensure it is secure. If the power selection switch was used at the BATTERY position, set it back to the NORMAL position and close the switch guard. Ensure that all the switch guards are at the close position on the Refuelling Panel. Close the Aircraft Fuel Panel access door. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used

25

2 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1

26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-36

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
EMB 135 / 145 FUELLING LOCATIONS

FUELING PANEL

DET. B

FUELING PANEL (FOR AIRCRAFT WITH

DET. B November 2007 3-37

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-38

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINT EMB 135 /145

November 2007

3-39

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3-40

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.10.3

EMB 145XR Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures


Manual, Fuel System-Servicing,

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance ATA 12-11-01 effectively ALL. Dated November, 28, 2004.

SLA 1 1 1 2 1

Task 1 2 3 4 5

Procedure Position fuelling vehicle Bond between the fuelling vehicle and the aircraft and ground if required Open the aircraft fuelling panel door. If normal aircraft electrical power or external DC power supply is not available, set the power selection switch to the battery position on the refueling panel. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : If applicable, attach lanyard hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free from obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

2 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 1 1 1 2

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

Note the requested fuel quantity from the FUEL SHEET. See the aircraft configuration (XR or LR mode) on the ACFT CONFIG lights. Set the TK SEL/TEST toggle switch to the TEST position to do a test of the quantity indicator Ensure that the REFUELLING switch is at CLOSED position, the REFUELLING lights related to the LH and RH tanks are off, and the Ventral Tank (ventral valve) is on (Closed) Ensure that the DEFUELLING switch is at CLOSED position and the DEFUELLING light is off. Ensure that the SELECTED Fuel Quantity indicator shows zero. If required, record fuel quantity before uplift on the Fuel Sheet If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Ensure the unit of measurement (pound/kilogram) that the indicator shows. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Remove the aircraft fuelling adapter cap. Ensure the coupling of the fuel supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the aircraft-fuelling adapter. Set the SELECTED Fuel Quantity Indicator with the INCR/DECRT toggle switch to the necessary fuel quantity by putting the toggle switch to the INCR position and hold. Note: if the selected fuel quantity is lower than or equal to 4750kg (10,472lb), the system does not permit ventral tank refueling.

2 2

18 19

When the selected display shows the required fuel load, release the SELECTED toggle switch. Activate DEADMAN and Pressurize the system (35-50 psig) Ensure that there is no leakage at the fuel nozzle connection When the aircraft is in XR mode, do steps 20 - 23

20

Ensure that the REFUELLING lights related to the LH, RH and Ventral tanks come on (CLSD) and the refueling flow stops. 3-41

November 2007

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


2 21 Set the REFUELLING switch to the OPEN position and ensure that the REFUELLING lights related to the LH, RH and Ventral tanks go off. Ensure that the fuel QTY display increase. 2 2 22 23 If one or more than one of the STOP RFL lights come(s) on, immediately remove the fuel pressure that comes from the refueling source and stop the refueling procedure. When the set fuel quantity is reached, the LH, RH and Ventral tank REFUELLING lights come on, indicating that the refuelling shutoff valves are closed. The lights stay on until the refuelling hose of the refuelling vehicle is pressurised. When the aircraft is in LR mode, do steps 24 - 27 2 24 Ensure that the REFUELLING lights related to the LH and RH tanks come on (CLSD) and the refuelling flow stops. Note: Only the wing tanks are refueled and the REFUELING light related to the ventral tank stays off. 2 25 Set the REFUELLING switch to the OPEN position and ensure that the REFUELLING lights related to the LH, RH and Ventral tanks go off. Ensure that the fuel QTY display increase. 2 2 2 1 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 If one or more than one of the STOP RFL lights come(s) on, immediately remove the fuel pressure that comes from the refueling source and stop the refueling procedure. When the set fuel quantity is reached, the LH, RH and Ventral tank REFUELLING lights come on, indicating that the refuelling shutoff valves are closed. Ensure that the numbers on the actual and selected display are stable and the same . Release the DEADMAN control. Check the equal fuel distribution between Tanks 1 and 2 by putting the toggle switch to the TK SEL position. Set the Refuelling switch to the CLOSED position If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid Pre-flight distribution If required, record actual fuel quantities on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within the limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable 1 1 2 1 1 1 39 40 41 42 43 44 Remove the fuelling nozzle from the aircraft fuelling adapter. Install the protection cover to the fuelling adapter and ensure it is secure. If the power selection switch was used at the BATTERY position, set it back to the NORMAL position and close the switch guard. Ensure that all the switch guards are at the close position on the Refuelling Panel. Close the Aircraft Fuel Panel access door. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used

3-42

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

November 2007

3-43

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


EMB 145XR FUELLING LOCATIONS

145XR REFUELING PANEL DEFUELING LIGHTS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg. 3-44 November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINT EMB 145XR

November 2007

3-45

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


3.10.4

EMB 170/190 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedures

These procedures are based on: EMB-190 Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Part II -1933, Fuel System-Servicing, ATA 12-11-01, effectivity ALL, dated May 30/05; and EMB-170 Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Part II -1963, Fuel System-Servicing, ATA 12-11-01, effectivity ALL, dated Aug 30/04

SLA 1 1 1 2 1

Task 1 2 3 4 5

Procedure
Position fuelling vehicle Bond between the fuelling vehicle and the aircraft and ground. Open the aircraft fuelling panel door. If normal aircraft electrical power or external DC power supply is not available, set the power selection switch to the battery position on the refuelling panel. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispensers / servicers : Attach lanyard hydrant pit valve and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free from obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

2 2 2 2 2 3 3 1 1 1 2 2 2

6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20

Note the requested fuel quantity from the FUEL SHEET. Ensure that the REFUELLING switch is at CLOSED position and the REFUELLING lights related to the LH and RH tanks are off. Ensure that the DEFUELLING switch is at CLOSED position and the DEFUELLING light is off. Set the REFUEL SELECTION switch to the AUTO position. Ensure that the SELECTED Fuel Quantity indicator is not dashed. If required, record fuel quantity before uplift on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate fuel to be uplifted and convert to volume. Ensure the unit of measurement (pound/kilogram) that the indicator shows. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Remove the aircraft fuelling adapter cap. Ensure the coupling of the fuel supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuelling nozzle to the aircraft fuelling adapter. Set the SELECTED Fuel Quantity indicator, at the Repeater (4), to the necessary fuel quantity by putting the toggle switch to the INCR position and hold. When the selected display shows the required fuel load, release the SELECTED toggle switch. Activate DEADMAN and pressurize the system (35 50 psig) Ensure that there is no leakage at the fuel nozzle connection. Make sure that the LH and RH refuelling indication lights (3) are on and the refuelling flow stops Set the REFUELING switch to the OPEN position and make sure that the LH and RH refuelling indication lights (3) go off. Ensure that the fuel QTY display increases.

21

3-46

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
SLA 1 Task 22

Procedure
Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure during the refuelling. Do not exceed 3.45 bar/50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft fuel system may occur if exceeded.

23

If the STOP R OVER, STOP L OVER, or STOP L/R OVER message appears on the repeater indicator (4), immediately remove the fuel pressure that comes from the refueling source and stop the refueling procedure. CAUTION: During the refueling procedure, look at the pressure relief valve area in the left and right wing tanks to see if there is a fuel overflow. Overfilling causes a fuel overflow through the naca air inlet and pressure relief valve. If an overflow occurs and the pressure relief valve does not open, damage to the aircraft structure can occur.

24

When set fuel quantity is reached, make sure that the LH and RH refueling indication lights (3) come on, indicating that the refuelling shutoff valves are closed. . The lights stay on until the refuelling hose of the refuelling vehicle is pressurised. Release the DEADMAN control. Set the Refuelling switch to the CLOSED position. Check the equal fuel distribution between Tanks 1 and 2 by putting the toggle switch to the TK SEL position. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid Pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities on gauges and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify it is within the limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispensers / servicers: Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard.

1 2 2 3 3 3 3 2 1 1

25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

1 1 2 1 1 1

35 36 37 38 39 40

Remove the fuelling nozzle from the aircraft fuelling adapter. Install the protection cover to the fuelling adapter and ensure it is secure. If the power selection switch was used at the BATTERY position, set it back to the NORMAL position and close the switch guard. Ensure that all the switch guards are at the close position on the Refuelling Panel. Close the Aircraft Fuel Panel access door. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc.

Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

November 2007

3-47

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


EMB 170 / 190 FUELLING LOCATIONS

EMB-170

EMB-190

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-48

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.11 SAAB FUELLING PROCEDURES 3.11.1 SAAB 340 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manuals, Fuel System Servicing. ATA 12-10-28 Dated May 15, 2001 SLA 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet Bond between the fuelling vehicle and the aircraft and ground if necessary. Open the aircraft fuelling panel door and remove the Fuelling Adapter Cap. Ensure the coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. On the REFUEL / DEFUEL panel, ensure that all switches are set to OFF or CLOSED Obtain confirmation from the Crew or Airline Representative that on the flight compartment FUEL panel ( cockpit ) all the switches are set to OFF or CLOSED. Connect the fuel service nozzle to the aircraft fuelling adapter. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 2 2 2 3 3 2 1 2 2 1 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to the hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

On the Refuel / Defuel panel set the Fuel Panel switch to FUEL PANEL. Press the IND TEST button and ensure the Fuel Quantity Gauges indicate between 900 and 1050 lbs ( 405 and 475 kg ) Press each OVER FILL light and check that they are illuminated. If required, record the fuel quantity before uplift for each tank on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate the fuel quantity to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Set the FUEL LEVEL Select switch to FULL LEVEL. Activate DEADMAN and ensure that the fuelling starts by observing the fuel quantity gauges increasing. Perform a pre-set test by setting the fuel level select switch to OFF and ensure that the refuelling stops. Set the fuel level select switch again to FULL LEVEL and continue refuelling. Monitor vehicle fuelling pressure during the refuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

November 2007

3-49

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 2 2 3 3 3 2 1 1

Task 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27

Procedure. Monitor the fuel quantity gauges until the desired fuel level is attained and release the DEADMAN control, then set the fuel level select switch to OFF to stop the refuelling. On the REFUEL / DEFUEL panel, set the Fuel Panel Switch to OFF and ensure that the fuel quantity gauges return to zero. If required, verify that the Selected fuel level is shown on the flight compartment Fuel Panel . If required, record actual fuel quantities on gauges and vehicle meters on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the Airline representative or crew. Report any inoperative indicator lights or malfunctioning gauges. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the Airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable.

1 1 1 1

28 29 30 31

Remove the fuelling nozzle from the Fuelling Adapter. Install the protection Cap to the Fuelling Adapter and ensure it is secure. Close the Aircraft Fuel Panel access door and ensure it is secure. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative control switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrence.

3-50

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
SAAB 340 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-51

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.11.2

SAAB 2000 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Fuel System- Servicing ATA 12-10-28, Dated April 20, 1998. SLA 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the fuelling vehicle and the aircraft and ground if necessary. Open the aircraft Fuelling Panel door. Remove the cap from the Fuelling Adapter Ensure the coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuel service nozzle to the Fuelling Adapter. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 2 9 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Set the PWR / OFF switch to PWR. The RIGHT / TOTAL / LEFT display shows first SAAB 2000, then shows actual fuel quantity.

2 2

10 11

Set the AUTO / MANUAL switch to AUTO and the FUEL / DEFUEL switch to FUEL. The PRESELECT QUANTITY display shows 0 ( zero ) Set and hold the TEST / OFF switch to TEST until L and R OVERFILL LIGHTS come on. Each of the displays shows a 8888 or a 88888 test display. Then release the TEST switch.

12

Wait for 2 seconds. The L and R OVERFILL LIGHTS go off. If the system has a fault, the display on the panel will give the applicable data; in Such case inform the Airline representative or crew.

3 3 2

13 14 15

If required, record the fuel quantity for each tank before uplift on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate the fuel quantity to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. Use the INC / DECR / FAST / SLOW switches to set the necessary fuel quantity on the PRESELECTTOTAL display. After 4 seconds the L VALVE and R VALVE indications on the fuelling panel change from CL to OP ( from close to open ).

16

Activate the DEADMAN control and ensure that the fuelling starts by observing the numbers on the TOTAL display increasing

3-52

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
SLA 1 Task 17 Procedure Monitor the fuelling pressure during the refuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi / 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft may occur when exceeded. 2 18 The fuelling operation stops automatically when the set quantity on the PRESELECTTOTAL DISPLAY and the TOTAL display are the same. Warning: Stop the refuelling operation immediately if the OVERFILL LIGHTS come on. 1 2 3 3 3 3 1 1 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 Release the DEADMAN control. Set the PWR / OFF switch to OFF. If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid Pre-Fight fuel distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities on TOTAL display and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify if within the limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the Airline representative or crew. If required, complete the delivery receipt and pass one copy to the Airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable.. 1 1 1 1 27 28 29 30 Remove the fuelling nozzle from the pressure fuelling adapter. Install the protection cover to the fuelling adapter and ensure it is secure. Close the aircraft fuel panel access door and ensure it is secure. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF : Inoperative switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

November 2007

3-53

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SAAB 2000 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

3-54

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.12 3.12.1

DE HAVILLAND FUELLING PROCEDURES Dash 8 Series 100, Series 200 & Series 300 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual, Replenishing Fuel System ATA 12-10-28 dated Nov.16 & 30, 1990. SLA 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet Bond between the fuelling vehicle and the aircraft and ground if necessary. Note: Do not use the GROUND CREW JACK at the refuel panel for bonding or grounding purposes. This could result in damage to the GROUND CREW JACK. 2 4 Open the aircraft fuel panel door, located at the rear of N2 engine nacelle and observe that the panel lights, MASTER VALVE CLOSED and LINE VALVE CLOSED (applicable for long range fuel system only ) come on. 1 1 1 1 1 5 6 7 8 9 Remove the cap from the Fuelling Adapter Ensure the coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuel service nozzle to the Fuelling Adapter. If normal electrical power is not available, check with the airline representative or flight crew. If requested, put the BATT REFUEL switch to the ON position. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 2 1 2 10 11 12 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Turn the load limit selector knobs ( SET ) on the FUEL QTY indicator to set the rim pointer to zero. Activate the DEADMAN Control to apply fuel pressure to the adapter Select REFUEL on the rotary selector switch and monitor the following : a) POWER ON light at the refuel control panel comes on. b) REFUEL SHUT-OFF lights at the refuel control panel come on. c) DUMP VALVE OPEN lights at the refuel control panel come on. d) MASTER VALVE CLOSED light and LINE VALVE CLOSED lights (applicable to Long Range Fuelling System only ) go off.

2 3 2 2

13 14 15 16

If required, calculate the fuel quantity to uplifted and convert to volume. Record on the Fuel Sheet. If required, record the fuel quantity for each tank before uplift on the Fuel Sheet. Turn the load limit selector knob ( SET ) to the required fuel quantity for each tank and observe that the REFUEL SHUT-OFF lights go off. Monitor the fuelling pressure during the refuelling operation. 3-55

November 2007

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SLA Task Procedure Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi./ 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded. 2 17 Test the correct operation of the back-up refuel shutoff system as follows: During the refuelling operation, move the PRE-CHECK TEST switch to each tank in turn and make sure that the corresponding REFUEL SHUTOFF light comes on and goes off when the switch is released. Caution: If the system has a fault, stop fuelling immediately and inform the airline representative or flight crew. 2 18 The fuelling operation stops automatically when the fuelling is complete and the REFUEL SHUT-OFF lights come on. Check that the FUEL QTY indicators register the selected fuel quantity. 3 19 If requested, obtain confirmation from the airline representative or flight crew that the FUEL QTY indicators on the refuel panel correspond to the master indicators in the cockpit flight compartment. Release the DEADMAN Control, disconnect the refuelling hose from the refuelling adapter and make sure that the DUMP VALVE OPEN lights go off. Turn the rotary selector switch to OFF and observe that the REFUEL SHUT-OFF lights and POWER ON light are off. 2 3 1 22 23 24 Set the rim pointers ( SET ) back to zero and check that the MASTER VALVE CLOSED light and LINE VALVE CLOSED lights ( applicable to long range fuel systems only) come on. If applicable, place the BATT REFUEL switch to the OFF position and guarded. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable. 1 1 2 3 3 3 3 1 1 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 Remove the fuelling nozzle from the Fuelling Adapter. Install the cap on the Fuelling Adapter and ensure it is secure. Ensure that the rotary selector switch is in OFF position, close and securely latch the refuel panel access door. If required, verify fuel load is in a valid Pre-Flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities on displays and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. Disconnect the bonding cable and ground cable if used.

2 2

20 21

STOP FUELLING IMMEDIATELY AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF : Inoperative switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

3-56

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure
DASH 8 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

November 2007

3-57

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

Bombardier Dash 8 - 100 / 200 / 300


There is a grounding stud installed on the drag strut crossbeam of each main landing gear assembly. Attach one end of a correct bonding cable to the Main Landing Gear strut. Note: There is no bonding location on the Nose Landing Gear.

3-58

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

3.12.2

Dash8 Q400 Level 2 & 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure.

These procedures are based on the Aircraft Maintenance Manual Replenishing, Fuel System Servicing ATA 12-10-28 Dated Jan.05 / 2001. SLA 1 1 1 Task 1 2 3 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the fuelling vehicle and the aircraft and ground if necessary. Note: Do not use the GROUND CREW JACK at the refuel panel for bonding or Grounding purposes This could result in damage to the GROUND CREW JACK. 2 4 Open the aircraft fuel panel access door, located at the rear of N2 engine nacelle and make sure that the fuel panel floodlight and the MASTER VALVE CLOSED light and the REFUEL SHUT-OFF, TANK 1 and TANK 2 come on. 1 5 Remove the cap from the Fuelling Adapter as follows: Push the tap to unlock the cap and release the pressure; then turn the cap counter-clock wise. 1 1 2 2 1 6 7 8 9 10 Ensure the coupling of the fuelling hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuel service nozzle to the aircraft Fuelling Adapter. Make sure that the rotary selector knob on the refuel panel is in the OFF position. Make sure that the VALVE CONTROL switches are in the CLOSE position. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 3 2 11 12 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

If required, record the fuel quantity before uplift and record on Fuel Sheet. Turn the rotary selector knob on the refuelling panel to the PRESELECT REFUEL position and monitor the following: a) MASTER VALVE CLOSED light is off. b) REFUEL SHUTOFF lights are on. c) DUMP VALVE OPEN lights ( TANK 1 and TANK 2 ) are off.

2 3

13 14

Make sure that the FUEL QTY indicator comes on. It will show the tank quantities and PRESELECT REFUEL quantities. If required, calculate the fuel quantity to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on Fuel Sheet

November 2007

3-59

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

SLA 2 2 2 2 2

Task 15 16 17 18 19

Procedure Activate DEADMAN Control to apply pressure to the refuel manifold and make sure that the DUMP VALVE OPEN lights ( TANK 1 and TANK 2 ) come on. Use the INCR / DECR pushbuttons on the refuel /defuel indicator to set the required fuel quantity . Set the VALVE CONTROL TANK 1 and TANK 2 to the OPEN position Make sure that the REFUEL SHUTOFF ( TANK 1 and TANK 2 ) go off. Test the correct operation of the automatic refuel shutoff as follows: During the refuelling operation, momentarily hold the VALVE CONTROL switch for each tank in the PRECHECK position and make sure that the related REFUEL SHUTOFF light comes on and goes off and that the refuel flow to the related tank will stop and starts again when the PRECHECK switch has been released. Caution: If the system has a fault, stop fuelling immediately and inform the airline representative or the flight crew.

20

Monitor the fuelling pressure during the refuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi / 350 kPa . Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

21

The fuelling operation stops automatically when the fuelling is complete and the REUEL SHUTOFF lights come on. Check that the FUEL QTY indicators register the pre-selected quantity. If requested, obtain confirmation from the airline representative or flight crew that the FUEL QTY indicator on the refuel panel agrees with the readings on the flight compartment MFD. Release the DEADMAN Control and make sure that the DUMP VALVE OPEN lights go off. Set the VALVE CONTROL switches to the CLOSE position Set the rotary selector knob on the refuel panel to the OFF position and monitor the following: a) The MASTER VALVE CLOSED light comes on. b) The REFUEL SHUTOFF lights are on.

3 3 2 2

22 23 24 25

26

When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable.

1 1 3 3

27 28 29 30

Disconnect the fuelling hose from the fuelling adapter, install the cap by turning the cap clockwise and ensure it is secured and the tap is flush with the cap. Close and securely latch the fuel panel access door. If required, verify fuel load is in valid Pre-fight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities on display and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet.

3-60

November 2007

Fuelling Procedure

SLA 3 3 1 1

Task 31 32 33 34

Procedure If required, complete the discrepancy check and verify if within the limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. Disconnect the bonding cable and ground cable if used.

STOP FUELLING IMMEDIATELY AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: Inoperative switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents or any other occurrences.

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


DASH 8 Q400 FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

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Fuelling Procedure

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

DASH 8 Q400

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.13 CANADAIR FUELLING PROCEDURES 3.13.1 CRJ (All) Level 2 & Level 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the CRJ Aircraft Maintenance Manual - Fuel System Replenishing ATA 12-11-00 dated Feb. 22/2001 and the CRJ 700 Aircraft Maintenance Manual Replenishing, Fuel Tank Servicing ATA 12-11-28 dated June 15, 2001. SLA 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 1 Task 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Bond between the fuelling vehicle and the aircraft and ground if necessary. Open the Fuelling Adapter access door located at the leading edge fairing of the right hand wing. Remove the cap from the refuel adapter Ensure the coupling of the refuelling hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the fuel service nozzle to the Fuelling Adapter. Open the Refuel / Defuel Control Panel access door located at the fuselage forward of the Pressure Refuel Adapter access door. If normal electrical power is not available, inform the airline representative or flight crew. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 2 2 2 11 12 13 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit valve, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

Make sure that the three ON-OFF refuel-shutoff valves ( SOV ) switches ( 2 ) are set to OFF. Make sure that the ON OFF refuel start switch ( 3 ) is set to OFF. Lift the guard of the POWER switch ( 4 ) and set the POWER switch ( 4 ) to on and make sure that the POWER ON light ( 5 ) comes on. Note: Make sure that the FAULT ANNUNC Indicator light ( 6 ) does not come on. If it comes on, stop the fuelling procedure and inform the airline representative or flight crew.

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SL A 2

Task 14

Procedure Do the operational test of the refuel/defuel system as follows : a) Push the LAMP-TEST pushbutton and make sure that all lights on the Refuel/ Defuel Control Panel come on. b) Release the LAMP-TEST pushbutton and make sure that all lights on the Refuel / Defuel Control Panel go off. c) Push and release the BITE INITIA. Pushbutton and make sure that RIGHT, CTR, LEFT and PRES.TOTAL FUEL QTY displays show all 88888 If the system has a fault, stop the fuelling operation and inform the airline representative or the flight crew.

3 3 2 2

15 16 17 18

If required, record the fuel quantity of each tank before uplift and record on Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate the fuel quantity to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on Fuel Sheet. Activate the DEADMAN Control to pressurise the fuel system. Set the mode selector switch ( 7 ) to TEST a) Make sure that the three shutoff-valve (SOV) indicator lights CL ( 12 ) are off. b) Make sure that the three shutoff-valve (SOV) indicator lights OP ( 10 ) come on for approximately 5 to 20 seconds in sequence. c) Make sure that the three H.LEVEL DETECTOR indicator lights come also on and then go off in sequence. d) Make sure that the three SOV indicator lights OP ( 10 ) go off and that the SOV indicator lights CL ( 12 ) come on. e) Make sure that the FAULT ANNUNC. ( 6 ) indicator light has not come on. If the system has a fault, stop the fuelling operation and inform the airline representative or the flight crew.

2 2 2

19 20 21

Set the mode selector switch ( 7 ) to FUEL AUTO. Use the INC.- DEC. selector switch ( 8 ) and set the required fuel quantity on the PRES.TOTAL QTY ( pre-select fuel quantity) display ( 9 ). Set the ON-OFF refuel start switch ( 3 ) to ON. Make sure that the applicable Shutoff-valve (SOV) indicator lights OP ( 10 ) come on and ensure that the fuel quantity displays increase.

22

Monitor the vehicle fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation. Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi / 350 kPa. Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

23

Look for any fuel imbalance and monitor the RIGHT, CTR and LEFT fuel tank quantity displays until the requested fuel quantity is reached. Report any out of balance between the main tanks to the airline representative or flight crew.. Make sure that the applicable shutoff-valve ( SOV) indicator lights CL ( 12 ) come on when the pre-selected fuel quantity has been reached. Permit a minimum of 10 seconds after the SOV indicator lights CL have come on Release the DEADMAN Control.

2 2 1

24 25 26

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


SLA 2 2 2 2 1 1 Task 27 28 29 30 31 32 Procedure Set the refuel start switch ( 3 ) to OFF Set the mode selector switch ( 7 ) to OFF Set the POWER switch ( 4 ) to OFF and make sure that the Power ON light ( 5 ) goes off. Close the guard over the POWER switch. Close and securely latch the Refuel Control Panel access door. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the hydrant pit valve and remove the lanyard, if applicable. 1 3 3 3 3 1 1 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 Disconnect the fuelling nozzle from the aircraft Fuelling Adapter and install the cap to the aircraft Fuelling Adapter. If required, verify the fuel load is in a valid pre-flight distribution. If required, record actual fuel quantities on display and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete discrepancy check and verify if within the limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or to the flight crew. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or flight crew. Disconnect the bonding cable and ground cable if used.

STOP FUELLING IMMEDIATELY AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF : Inoperative switches, display units, etc. Any accidents, incidents and other occurrences.

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Fuelling Procedure
CRJ FUELLING LOCATIONS

WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

Canadair CRJ 100 / 200


If the grounding wire has an alligator clamp, attach the clamp to the grounding lug on the right side wall of the nose gear compartment. If the grounding wire has a ground stud, put the stud in the nearest ground stud receptacle on the wing leading edge.(preferred)

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Fuelling Procedure

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

Canadair CRJ 700


If the grounding wire has an alligator clamp, attach the clamp to the grounding lug on the right side wall of the nose gear compartment or at the Main Gear grounding location (C) (preferred). If the grounding wire has a ground stud, put the stud in the nearest ground stud receptacle on the wing leading edge.

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

3.14 3.14.1

AEROSPATIALE/AERITALIA FUELLING PROCEDURES ATR 42 and ATR 72 Level 2 & Level 3 Automatic Fuelling Procedure

These procedures are based on the JOB INSTRUCTION CARD 12-11-00 / FLG 10020-002 And FLG 10020 003 REFUELLING, dated Nov. 1998 and Jan. 1999. SLA 1 1 2 Task 1 2 3 Procedure Position the fuelling vehicle. Note the requested fuel quantity from the Fuel Sheet. Obtain confirmation from the airline representative or the flight crew that the cockpit instrumentation is set in accordance with the requirements for the automatic fuelling procedure. Bond between the fuelling vehicle and the aircraft and ground if necessary. Open the REFUEL / DEFUEL PANEL door. Remove the cap from the Fuelling Adapter Ensure the coupling of the supply hose is clean and that the connection lugs are not damaged or missing. Connect the service nozzle to the Fuelling Adapter. When fuelling is performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : 2 1 10 11 If applicable, attach lanyard to hydrant pit, and extend lanyard on the apron such that it is free of obstructions and readily accessible. Remove any dirt or moisture from the pit valve adapter and hydrant coupler. Connect hydrant coupler to the hydrant pit valve. Open hydrant coupler and adapter if it is manually operated.

1 1 1 1 1 1

4 5 6 7 8 9

If electrical power is not available, inform the airline representative or flight crew. Test the FUEL QTY indicator panel as follows: Press and hold the FQI TEST button and make sure that : a) The FUEL QTY LEFT and RIGHT show 8888 b) When the FQI TEST button is released, the displays go back to their initial position. If the system has a fault, inform the flight crew or airline representative.

3 3 2 2

12 13 14 15

If required, record the fuel quantity for each tank before uplift on the Fuel Sheet. If required, calculate the fuel quantity to be uplifted and convert to volume. Record on Fuel Sheet. Install the required fuel quantity in hundreds of kg ( lbs ) on the SELECT QTY display by means of the Preselector thumbwheels. Lift the guard and set the REFUEL / OFF / DEFUEL switch in REFUEL position.

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Fuelling Procedure

SLA 2 1 2 1

Task 16 17 18 19

Procedure Check that the REFUEL VALVES RH and LH switches in NORMAL position. Activate the DEADMAN control to start fuelling. Make sure that the REFUELLING RH and LH VALVE OPEN lights come on and ensure that the numbers on the FUEL QTY display increase. Monitor the fuelling pressure during the fuelling operation . Do not exceed 3.45 bar / 50 psi ./350 kPa . Damage to the aircraft may occur if exceeded.

20

The fuelling operation stops automatically when the selected fuel quantity is delivered . The REFUEL VALVES close automatically and the REFUELLING RH and LH VALVE OPEN lights go off. Warning : Stop fuelling immediately if the REFUELLING HIGH LEVEL lights come on. Release the DEADMAN control Set the REFUEL / OFF / DEFUEL switch to the OFF position and guard If required, verify fuel loaded is in a valid Pre-Flight fuel distribution. For the ATR 72-XXX Series only: If draining of the fuel piping is requested : 1. Make sure that the REFUEL / OFF / DEFUEL switch is in OFF position. 2. Set the SURGE VALVE switch to OPEN position. 3. Perform draining operation by suction, using the fuelling vehicle ( tanker ) . 4. Set the SURGE VALVE switch to the SHUT position and guard.

1 2 3 3

21 22 23 24

3 3 3 1 1

25 26 27 28 29

If required, record actual fuel quantities on the FUEL QTY displays and vehicle meter on the Fuel Sheet. If required, complete the discrepancy check and verify if within limits. If required, complete the Fuel Sheet and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. If required, complete the Delivery Receipt and pass one copy to the airline representative or crew. When fuelling has been performed with hydrant dispenser / servicer : Close the pit valve if manually operated, then disconnect the hydrant coupler from the pit valve and remove lanyard, if applicable.

1 1 1 1

30 31 32 33

Remove the fuelling nozzle from the Fuelling Adapter. Install the protective cap to then Fuelling Adapter and ensure it is secure. Close the aircraft fuel panel door and ensure it is secure. Disconnect the bonding cable and grounding cable if used.

STOP FUELLING IMMEDIATELY AND INFORM THE FLIGHT CREW OR AIRLINE REPRESENTATIVE AND THE FUELLING COMPANY SUPERVISOR IN CASE OF: In operative switches, display units, etc. Any incidents, accidents and other occurrences.

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures


ATR 42-3XX and ATR 42-500 (ATR 45) FUELLING LOCATIONS

Refuelling/Defuelling Panel
WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

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Fuelling Procedure
ATR 72-XXX FUELLING LOCATIONS

Refuel/Defuel Panel
WARNING: Units may be in lbs or kg.

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

AIRCRAFT BONDING POINTS

ATR 42 & 72 Series

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Fuelling Procedure

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CHAPTER 4 AIRCRAFT REFUEL SHEET

4.1

INTRODUCTION

The standardised fuel sheet has been developed by Into Plane Operators to standardise the FORMAT such that the refuelling operator is presented with a form that the boxes and calculations are always done the same. This recommended format allows the airline to customise the headings, by ADDING or DELETING such as SECTOR from & to items in the Flight No and DATE box. The required number of Tanks and weight unit (kgs/litres or lbs/usg) applicable to the aircraft type should also be changed as required, as can the Operator No. and Signatures. The format has also been developed such that it can easily be computerised such that it does not follow what many may consider a normal fuel sheet layout. It should also be noted that Stick calculations are not included as the IATA Standardisation project only covered 95% of refuels, that were considered a normal refuel. It should be stressed again that it is the FORMAT that is being standardised.

4.2

REFUEL SHEET INSTRUCTIONS

BEFORE FUELLING: Note required Flight No. etc as required / applicable. a) b) c) d) e) Check the units (kgs or lbs) required are the same as aircraft gauges. Note down the aircraft gauge readings or Total in the Tanks Before box. Fill in the Desired box with fuel required if not already generated by the computer and add to obtain a Total desired. Take away (minus) the Total Before from Total Desired to obtain amount of fuel To ADD Divide this To ADD figure by the Density to obtain Amount to ADD in volume (litres or usg).

DURING FUELLING f) Monitor aircraft gauges as required by Aircraft Fuelling Procedures and fuelling vehicle meter to ensure an over fuelling situation does not occur.

AFTER FUELLING g) h) i) j) k) Fill in the Actual Uplift box with total volume uplifted according to the fuelling vehicle meter. Obtain the difference between the Actual Uplift and Amount to ADD and put this figure in the Difference +/- box, noting if + or . Check if within Allowable Tolerance. Note any observed fuelling defects in Comments box. Sign and note operator number in appropriate box.

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

4.3

GENERIC AIRCRAFT REFUEL SHEET


DATE NONE FUEL SUPPLIER GATE NUMBER FUEL GRADE TYPE OF REFUEL Tanks A B C CENTRE D E F Total Desired Total Before Kgs Minus kgs Equals Kgs To ADD Divide kgs by density Density Amount to ADD Ltrs Kgs Total After Kgs Before (Kgs/lbs) Desired (Kgs/lbs) Jet A-1/Jet A/other Manual / Automatic Tanks A B C CENTRE D E F After (Kgs/lbs)

AIRLINE LOGO FLIGHT No. A/C MODEL A/C REGN

Actual Uplift

Ltrs

minus

deg C

Fuel Uplift Freeze Point

Difference + / COMMENTS Operator Airline No. No. Signature Signature

Ltrs Allowable Tolerance

Ltrs

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Aircraft Refuel Sheet

Representativ e

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

4.3.1
FLIGHT No. A/C MODEL A/C REGN

Aircraft Refuel Sheet Example B747-400


DATE B747-400 FUEL SUPPLIER GATE NUMBER FUEL GRADE Jet A-1/Jet A/other

AIRLINE LOGO

TYPE OF REFUEL Tanks LEFT


2R 1 Main 2 Main

Manual / Automatic Tanks


2R 1 Main 2 Main CWT HST 3 Main 4 Main 3R

Before (Kgs)

Desired

(Kgs)

After (Kgs)

CWT RIGHT

CWT HST 3 Main 4 Main 3R

Total Desired Total Before Kgs kgs Total After kgs

Minus kgs Equals kgs To ADD Divide kgs by density Density Amount to ADD ltrs

Actual Uplift

ltrs

minus

deg C

Fuel Uplift Freeze Point

Difference + / -

ltrs Allowable Tolerance

Ltrs

COMMENTS Operator Airline Representative No. Signature Signature

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Aircraft Refuel Sheet

4.3.2

Aircraft Refuel Sheet Example B777-200


DATE FUEL SUPPLIER GATE NUMBER FUEL GRADE TYPE OF REFUEL Tanks LEFT CENTRE RIGHT Total Desired Total Before Kgs Kgs Total After Kgs Before (Kgs) Desired (Kgs) Jet A-1/Jet A/other Manual / Automatic Tanks LEFT CENTRE RIGHT After (Kgs)

AIRLINE LOGO FLIGHT No. A/C MODEL B777-200 A/C REGN

Minus Kgs Equals Kgs To ADD

Divide kgs by density Density Amount to ADD Ltrs

Actual Uplift

Ltrs

minus

deg C

Fuel Uplift Freeze Point

Difference + / -

ltrs

Ltrs Allowable Tolerance

COMMENTS Operator Airline Representative November 2007 No. Signature Signature 4-5

Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

4.3.3

Aircraft Refuel Sheet Example MD-11


DATE FUEL SUPPLIER GATE NUMBER FUEL GRADE TYPE OF REFUEL Tanks 1R 1 CENTRE LWR AUX UPR AUX 2 2R BALLAST Before (Kgs) Desired (Kgs)

AIRLINE LOGO EXAMPLE FLIGHT No. A/C MODEL MD-11 A/C REGN

Jet A-1/Jet A/other Manual / Automatic Tanks 1R 1 CENTRE LWR AUX UPR AUX 2 2R BALLAST After (Kgs)

Total Desired Total Before Kgs Kgs Total After Kgs

Minus Kgs Equals Kgs To ADD Divide kgs by density Density Amount to ADD Ltrs

Actual Uplift

Ltrs

minus

deg C

Fuel Uplift Freeze Point

Difference + / -

Ltrs

Ltrs Allowable Tolerance

COMMENTS Operator Airline Representative No. Signature Signature

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Aircraft Refuel Sheet

November 2007

4-7

GLOSSARY OF TERMINOLOGY
AIRCRAFT FUEL SYSTEM. The pressure fuelling system is normally controlled by a Fuel Control Panel, which provides the means to fill the aircraft fuel tanks. During fuelling the fuel quantity indicating system measures fuel mass or volume and prevents the fuel quantity from exceeding the maximum quantity approved for each tank. Some older aircraft uses a float switch to cut off refuelling when the maximum quantity is reached. TANK IDENTIFICATION. The fuel tanks are often referred to as main or main wing tanks, wing tanks, and reserve tanks, located in the wing structure. Centre or centre wing tanks and/or auxiliary tanks can be in the wing root and across the fuselage, while alternate and stabilizer and trim tanks can be located in the fuselage or tail sections. FUELLING STATION or PANEL. a. LOCATION The fuelling station(s) is (are) are normally located in the left, right, or both leading edges of the wing, out-board or between the aircraft engines. On some aircraft it may be situated in the fuselage. b. Each station contains a fuelling receptacle(s) coupling or adaptor, which may or may not be fitted with a dust cap, bonding point(s), a light, an interphone jack and may include the Fuel Control Panel. If it is a requirement for a fuelling cap to be fitted, then these aircraft should not be despatched without a cap fitted. FUEL CONTROL PANEL or AIRCRAFT REFUEL PANEL. The fuelling operation is conducted from the Fuel Control Panel located either at the fuelling station, on the wing or fuselage and may be duplicated on the flight deck. Most panels consist of: Indication and system test switches. Defuel valve switch and valve position light. Battery power switch. Fuel quantity and load select displays. Refuel valve control switches and valve position lights. Other components may include: Overfill test switch, overfill reset switch and an overfill indication light. Load select quantity thumbwheels. A totaliser/backup fuel quantity indicator. Total load select and backup display tank select button. FUELLING RECEPTACLE/COUPLING or ADAPTOR. The fuelling receptacle is the connection for the fuelling hose to connect to the aircraft and joins to the aircraft fuelling manifold. AIRCRAFT FUELLING MANIFOLD. The aircraft fuelling manifold assembly normally consists of the fuelling manifold body, which supplies fuel from the fuelling receptacle to the fuelling valves. Fuelling check valves prevent the flow of fuel from the fuel tanks back into the fuelling manifold. FUELLING VALVES. These valves control fuel flow to the fuel tanks. An electrical solenoid normally controls the valve for most aircraft, while the fuel pressure opens and closes the valve. A manual override feature for each valve permits manual operation in the event of a mechanical or electrical power failure to the fuelling valves or if electrical power is not available.

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Guidance Material on Standard Into-Plane Fuelling Procedures

DEFUEL VALVE. If installed, this valve allows fuel to be brought from each tank to the fuelling manifold for fuel transfer or defuelling operation. TANK VENTING. The fuel vent system keeps the fuel tanks near ambient pressure during refuelling/defuelling operations. Each fuel tank is vented through channels in the wing to a surge tank located near each wing tip. SURGE TANKS. If a tank overfills, a float switch or level sensor in the surge tank will normally close off all fuel valves. Some aircraft have an overfill indicator (IND) light on the refuel panel that will come on showing that shutoff has occurred. HIGH LEVEL SHUTOFF. When a tank reaches full there are 3 methods of shut off. a. VSO - Volumetric Shut Off b. VTO - Volumetric Top Off c. Float Switch On most modern aircraft, the Fuel Quantity Indicating System (FQIS) computer software will be set to shut off the refuel valves when the VTO or VSO limit is reached. FLIGHT DECK COMPONENTS a. Fuel Quantity Indication or Indicators b. Boost Pumps c. Override/Jettison Pumps d. Crossfeed Valves e. Optional Fuel Control Panel ELECTRICAL POWER. Power is required to utilise fuel quantity indicators and fuelling valve switches. EXTERNAL POWER. Jetty/Jetway fixed power or ground power unit (GPU) is the most common means to provide power for fuelling control circuits. INTERNAL POWER a. Auxiliary Power Unit (APU) - if APU is to be used as the power source, it should be running before commencing fuelling. A qualified person should perform the task to supply power from this source. b. APU supply tank - APU fuel is normally supplied from the left tank or can be supplied from other tanks by specific procedure depending on aircraft model. c. Battery - if APU or external power is not available, fuelling is often possible using aircraft battery power. d. Engines Running in exceptional circumstances power may be provided from an aircraft engine running on the opposite side to the fuel connection and provided special procedures are in place. A qualified person should perform the task to supply power from an operating engine. This procedure is prohibited at some airports; always refer to local regulations, which must be followed. FUEL QUANTITY VERIFICATION. To verify fuel quantity, measuring sticks are installed in the fuel tanks. It should be noted that these are less accurate than the aircraft gauging system, and are dependent on aircraft attitude in both pitch and roll conditions.

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Glossary of Terminology

MEASURING STICKS. There are two types of fuel measuring sticks used to manually determine fuel quantity level in the airplane tanks whenever verification of fuel quantity indication is required. These measuring sticks are marked in inches, pounds, kilograms or units, which are normally read flush with the wing skin (certain aircraft differ, where the inside plane of the drip stick holder can be the reference point, such as the Boeing 727). Magnetic type or Magnetic Level Indicator (MLI) - the fuel stick consists of a float assembly, a stick housing, and the measuring stick. The float assembly contains a magnet and floats on the fuel. The measuring stick contains a Steel armature at its top end that is free to slide up and down in the stick housing. When the steel armature is in the magnetic field of the magnet in the float, the float will hold the stick from its top end. The bottom of the stick will extend from the lower wing surface. After fuelling of the tank is complete, it is recommended to allow the fuel level to stabilize briefly before taking a final stick reading. Drip-Type - drip-type sticks consist of a hollow rod with calibrated markings on its exterior. The rod is open on the top end, and closed on the bottom end, except for a small drip hole just above the bottom flange. The rod is mounted in a housing in the lower wing surface. When the top of the rod is lowered to the top surface of the fuel in a tank fuel will begin to flow down through the core of the rod and out of the drip hole. Fuel level may oscillate up and down in the tank immediately after fuelling. After fuelling of the tank is complete, it is recommended to allow the fuel level to stabilize briefly before taking a final stick reading. Some older aircraft may use a hollow graduated tube, where the lower end is not sealed. Fuel will therefore flow quickly out of the tube once the upper end is below the level of the fuel surface and will drain the tank if left extended.

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