Dried ripe seeds of Coriandrum sativum Umbelliferae

• Well drained calcareous loamy soil • Fruits sown in March or soon after harvesting in early autumn in rows 50cm apart • If sown in autumn plants are robust • Sown by drilling method • Crop is rotated by wheat / grains • Harvested after 100 days (usually in Aug ) in early morning • Umbels are cut off by scissors when they ripen • In large fields Scythe / mowers used . Spread on sheets in Sun & threshed • Separated fruits are further dried in a shed • During drying the fruits loose their objectionable odor & acquire a warm agreeable odor & a sweet taste

Cultivation

Description
• Shape sub spherical crowned by 5 sepals & a stylopod Each mericarp has 5 wavy primary ridges 8 straight secondary ridges • Color brownish yellow • Odor aromatic • Taste spicy

Microscopy
• Epicarp

Pericarp
polygonal tubular cells Occassional stomata Calcium oxalate crystals

• Mesocarp outer region middle region inner region • Endocarp • Testa • Endosperm

Mesocarp
• Outer pitted , fusiform parenchyma • Middle sclerenchyma lignified in outer layers longitudinally directed In inner layers tangentially directed • Inner lignified parenchyma • V.B just below primary ridges region • Vittae are present in immature fruit on dorsal surface but they gradually join to form slits • In ripe fruits only 2 vittae on commissural surface

Endocarp parquetry arrangement Testa brown flattened cells Endosperm curved Constituents • Volatile oil ( 0.8 – 1%) Coriandrol , Coriandryl acetate • Small amounts Borneol , geraniol , pinene • Proteins • Fixed oil

Uses
• Carminative • Aromatic • Stimulant • Flavouring agent • Used along with purgatives to prevent gripping Varieties distinguished by no.of fruits per gram

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