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WebSphere ILOG BRMS Decision Services

Best Practices to execute WebSphere ILOG JRules Decision Services

Presentation Summary
This session introduces the concept of Decision Services and explain their design in ILOG BRMS. We present an overview of the different runtime incarnations provided by WebSphere ILOG Business Rule Management System including Web Services, PoJos and EJBs. We cover a set of best practices to deploy and execute Decision Services on WebSphere Application Server including in cluster. Pierre FEILLET WebSphere ILOG BRMS Product Architect

Agenda
BRMS Overview
Terminology ILOG JRules 7.1 Platform

Decision Services
Deployment Engine Rule Execution Server Decision Warehouse

Integration guidelines
Platforms Topologies

BRMS Overview
Concepts
Business Rule Business Rule Management System Decision Service

WebSphere ILOG JRules 7.1

Business Rule Definition


Business rule is a statement that defines or constrains some aspect of the business. It is intended to assert business structure or to control or influence the behavior of the business. Individual business rules that describe the same facet of an enterprise are usually arranged into business rulesets. Business rules describe the operations, definitions and constraints that apply to an organization in achieving its goals. - Wikipedia definition

Business Rules bridge Line Of Business and IT Quasi-natural language

Decision Tables
Business Rule A statement of business logic that:  Derived from Business Policy  Can be authored by business users  Is executable

Decision Trees

BRMS Definition
A BRMS or Business Rule Management System is a software system used to define, deploy, execute, monitor and maintain the variety and complexity of decision logic that is used by operational systems within an organization or enterprise. This logic, also referred to as business rules, includes policies, requirements, and conditional statements that are used to determine the tactical actions that take place in applications and systems. - Wikipedia definition

Decision Service
A service that automates an operational business decision Contained Decision Logic is written and maintained by a Business User Separation from Business Processes and procedural application code

ILOG Business Rule Management System


Rules are authored and managed

A technology for creating, maintaining and deploying rule based decision services
 Reduces the time to deploy changes  Improves the understanding of how decisions are made  Increases opportunities for logic automation  Favors the reuse of business logic
No, for the following reason: Too big Debt-To-Income ratio

User Tools

Rule Repository

Rules are stored and organize d

Is this customer eligible for a loan?


Execution components

Rules are deployed in Decision Services

WebSphere ILOG JRules 7.1 Platform Design


Development
Rule Studio

Maintain
Rule Solutions Rule Team Decision Validation Server Services Custom Web Applications Rule Repository

Line Of Business

for Office

Share

Deploy
Production
Transparent Decision Services Rule Execution Rules for COBOL Server

Common Activity Flow


Authoring Project boot in Rule Studio Web editing in Rule Team Server Test & Simulate with Decision Validation Services Deploy Upload a RuleApp in Rule Execution Server Alternatively export a ruleset archive Execute In Rule Execution Server Alternatively directly in the Rule Engine

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WebSphere JRules Decision Service


Service Definition Platform Neutral

Authoring RS4J RTS RSO Deployment

Vocabulary Business Object Model Business Rules

eXecutable Rules

Execution Dev Test Prod

XSD eXecutable Object Model

Platform Specific

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BRMS Artifact pipeline Authoring


Rule Project Vocabulary BOM Business Rules
Ant tasks Rule Studio Rule Team Server

Extractor

Business Rule Compiler

Deployment
RuleApp Archive

Execution
Rule Execution Server Rule Engine

Ruleset Archive Ruleset Archive

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Decision Service Deployment artefacts


RuleApp archive Kind of EAR for Business Rules Aggregates one or several Ruleset archives Notion of RuleApp/version/Ruleset/version path Contains Whole runnable business logic for execution Metadata at RuleApp & Ruleset levels Ruleset Archive Contains eXecutable Rules as text executable XSD But not Java eXecutable Object Model Java XOM is passed by the calling app

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Decision Service flavours in JRules


Out of the Box - Dedicated container Hosted Transparent Decision Services Code generated Monitored Transparent Decision Services Custom RES components embedded in client applications JEE & J2SE components PoJo EJB Stateless, Stateful sessions & MDB Resource Adapter Integration made possible in any classical J2SE & JEE apps WebApps, Web Services, EJBs

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Execution Component Stack


DVS backend SSP Rule Sessions

Decision Services

HTDS, MTDS & custom apps

EJB

POJO JCA

JEE & SE facade components

eXecution Engine Engine Engine Unit

Server core component

Rule Engine

Base execution component

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Rule Engine
Execution kernel Optimized for condition & test sharing 100% Java
Programming model Passive component: runs only when invoked Synchronous Parameters & working memory In memory processing No duplication of processed objects No requirement on processed objects (Interface or whatever contract) Object Model Java (&.Net for JRules 2 .Net) classes passed by the classloader XML

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Rule Engine implementation


One engine runs in one VM Deployment based on a ruleset archive
Deployed from Rule Studio & Rule Team Server IRL file rules XML metadata Contains XML compiled model

Threading
MT safe Execute in the current thread No thread created in your back by the engine

Byte code generated at parse & run time

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Rule Engine Algorithms


3 different algorithms to process production rules
RETE Stateful real inference (forward chaining) engine Agenda of rule instances Sequential, a simple translation to if statements in generated bytecode Fastpath a decision tree built by analysing rules

And the ruleflow to bind them all


Microflow Synchronous

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Rule Execution Server


Central management point Deployment of rule executable material aka RuleApp/Ruleset Hot deployment Versioning Diagnostic Execution Pooling & Caching JEE, J2SE, .Net Management & eXecution Units linked by DB storing RuleApps JMX based update notification to eXecution Units Use of standards JSR94 WS-I 1.0 Basic Profile (HTDS) 100% Java

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Rule Execution Server Architecture


RuleApp & Ruleset archive Decision Services DVS backend SSP

Management Console Management Model JMX

JMX Update Notification

Rule Sessions

EJB

POJO JCA

eXecution Engine Engine Engine Unit

RuleApp/Ruleset Repository

Decision Warehouse DB

Decision Traces

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Rule Session code example


// Create a Rule Session request IlrSessionFactory pojoFactory = new IlrPOJOSessionFactory(); IlrSessionRequest sessionRequest = pojoFactory.createRequest(); sessionRequest.setRulesetPath(IlrPath.parsePath( MyRuleApp/1.0/MyRuleset/1.0 )); // Enable trace to retrieve infos on executed rules sessionRequest.setTraceEnabled(true); sessionRequest.getTraceFilter().setInfoAllFilters(true); // Set the input parameters for the execution of the rules Map<String,Object> inputParameters = sessionRequest.getInputParameters(); Announcement announcement = new Announcement(); inputParameters.put("customer", user); // Create a stateless rule session IlrStatelessSession statelessSession = pojoFactory.createStatelessSession(); // Execute the rules and returns the response return statelessSession.execute(sessionRequest);

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Decision Service Hosted Transparent Decision Services


Decision Service
RuleApp/ version/Ruleset/Version

WSDL WebService

Deployment Execution Monitoring Transparency Warehouse

Rule Logic eXecutable Model

eXecution Unit 22

Decision Warehouse
Decision Tracability Decisions recorded in a DB Traces flowing from RuleSessions Possible DAO customization to push Decision Traces into other channels (JMS, BI tools, ) Part of DVS Product GUI in RES Console Tab
Search Decisions, used to filter and display rule execution trace information Persistence Properties to specify the trace configuration for your session Clear Decisions to delete trace information from the Decision Warehouse database

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Integration guidelines
Platforms Transaction Security Performances Deployment topologies

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Supported Platforms
OS Application Servers IBM WebSphere Application Server V6.1.0.21 IBM WebSphere Application Server V7.0 IBM WebSphere Community Edition 2.1 IBM WebSphere Extended Deployment 6.1 Apache Tomcat 6.0 JBoss 4.2.3, 5.0.0 Oracle Application Server 10.1.3. WebLogic Server 9.2.3, 10.0.1, 10.3 Sun Java System Application Server 8.2

AIX on POWER Linux on IBM System z HP-UX on PA-RISC Solaris on SPARC HP-UX on IA64 Solaris on x86-64 IBM i Windows on x86 Linux on x86 Windows on x86-64 Linux on x86-64 z/OS Linux on POWER

List of supported operating systems for WebSphere ILOG JRules BRMS 7.0

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Supported Platforms
JVM
IBM 64-bit SDK for Windows - 5.0, 6.0 Oracle JRockit for Windows x64 - 5.0, 6.0 Sun JDK for Windows x64 - 5.0, 6.0

Databases
IBM DB2 for LUW 8.2, 9.1, 9.5, 9.7 Oracle 10g, 11g Apache Derby 10.4 MySQL V5.0 PostgreSQL V8.3 SQL Server 2005, 2008 Sybase 12.5, 15 Pointbase

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Deployment on Multiple Languages


.Net
JRules 2 .Net feature JRules includes a .NET version of the rule engine. This means that rulesets that are written using Rule Studio and stored in a ruleset archive can be remapped and deployed to a business rule application that embeds the .NET rule engine.

Cobol
Rules for Cobol product Cobol source generation from Business Rules

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Security & Transaction in WAS Security RES leverages JEE & WAS security Transaction Pojo RuleSessions & Engine fit to transactions XU Resource Adapter can be set transactional or not If not transactional then you can use it multiple times in the same transaction Transactional is local and not XA: so no reentrance allowed

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Performances
Transaction per second by ruleset size and execution type
45000 800 40000 700 35000 600 30000 500 400 300 200 100 Execution on Java XOM Execution on XML XOM 5824 WS Execution (HTDS) 11648 14560 8736 Nb rules 0 2912 5824 8736 Nb rules 11648 14560 0 2912 5000 25000 Execution on Java XOM Execution on XML XOM WS Execution (HTDS) 15000 10000 20000 Java XOM

Parsing time by ruleset size

Hardware OS Memory CPU WAS JRules

X3550M2 / DESTINY 64-bit Windows Server 2008 Enterprise (SP1) 52.0 GB Intel Xeon X5570 @ 2.93GHz (2 processors 8 cores -16 threads) WAS 7.0.x 7.0.x

See Session 1736 on Performances

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Deployment Topology guidelines


J2SE Standalone RES execution jar RuleApp deployment with Ant tasks Guidelines for JEE & WAS
RAR eXecution Units can be deployed Globally on the AS Internally to EARs Remain local resources RES Management relies on JMX Scoped to eXecution Units in the Cell Shared DB between RES Management & eXecution Units

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Typical Decision Service WAS topology

Cell

WAS Node Decision Service

https

http

Browser
WebSEAL Proxy Server Apache HTTPD (mod_proxy) WAS Node Decision Service DB Server RES DB

Cluster
Red Zone Yellow Zone

WAS Node Decision Service

RES Mgt Console

Green Zone
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Take Away WebSphere ILOG JRules enable your organization to manage Decision Services
From Business User authoring to execution on your IT

JRules Decision Services have several incarnations


On the fly created Web Services with HTDS Source generated with MTDS Custom integration in JEE & J2SE applications

Large set of supported platforms including WAS 7.0 & 6.1 with cluster

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Other WebSphere ILOG BRMS Sessions


Monday
a.m. 2140: Feedback (Rule Team Server) p.m. 2155: Customer Experience 2861: Business Agility 1809: Business/IT Alignment 2160: Feedback (Realtime Monitoring) 2198: Live on Stage! 2140: Feedback 2291: Business Agility 2927: BRMS SOA

Tuesday
a.m. 2203: LAB 1545: BRMS - BPM p.m. 1818: BRMS for Business Users 2160: Feedback 2981: Meet the Experts 1499: BRMS for z 2517: Business Agility 2140: Feedback 2160: Feedback 2885: Panel 2080: Healthcare 1734: BRMS for COBOL

Wednesday
a.m. 1545: BRMS - BPM 2730: Public Sector 1736: Performance p.m. 1547: LAB, BRMS-BPM 2140: Feedback 1848: Governance 1922: Best Practices 2160: Feedback 2013: BOF (multi-topic)

Thursday
a.m. 1997: BRMS - BPM 1749: Decision Services on WAS (repeats on Friday a.m.) 2160: Feedback p.m. 2140: Feedback

* In blue interactive / hands-on * In orange customer speaker


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