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pay-

H HOp-

XOTSI H CHJIbHO np0JI.BHHYJlOCb, HO .n.aJIeKO euie

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1) Bceaipaas HCTOpiSl De Miseria Mundi". - KOPOJIbAJIb$pe.ll.'b nepeaem- C'bJ1aTHHCKaro aarno" aa caKCOHCKiHpSl.ll.'b COtIHHeHitl,KaK'b nanp. HCTOpilO UepKBI1 Ba.ll.bl Ilperronodsaro, Bosuis H .npyriSl. Ilepesom, Oposia npe.nCTaBJIS1eT'b oC06b1H HHTepeC'b,T. K. B'b HeM'b HMtIOTcSl, secsaa Ba)J(HblS1 JJ.J1R HCTOpiH paausro cpeJJ.HeBtKoBbSlH reorpadiia cssepa, nonomreais 0 n y T e III e CT Bi 51 X'b 0 r a p a 11 By JIh $ CT a a a. 3anHCH KOPOJlSl Jlb$pe.ll.a OTHOCSlTCSl A 1<'bJJ.eBSlHOCTbIM'b rOJJ.aM'bIX cronfsris, CaMbUI)J(e nyreurecrsis HM'bHtCKOJlbKOnpemuecraosaaa. 3anl1Cb Ha'lI1HaeTCllreorpa$I1'1eCKI1M'bonacaHieM'b Esponu: »Tenepb Mhl 6Y.ll.eM'broaopurs, HaCKOJlbKO aTO HaM'bH3BtCTHO,0 'rpaHHUaX'bEsponsr: OT'b ptKH Iloaa (Danais), K'b sanany no ptKH PeHHa (Rin) .•• H onsrs K'b tory )1.0 ptKH .uYHall {Donua) ••• H onars K'b ctBepy ,lI.Ookeana, HMeHyeMaro BtnbIM'b MOPeM'b(Cwen-soe ; Mope KBeHOB'b)". nante H.lI.YT'b nyreuiecrsia Orapa, nepsoe H3'b Fanoronaana, aa ctBept Hopaeria, BOKPYn. Hopnxana 2 B'b BtJloe Mope; sropoe aa IOr'b K'b CKHpHHreCXHJI'1O (Sciringesheal) B'b Ocno-$iop.ll.t H raJJ.JJ.e6H (Haddeby) y WJle3BHra; rperse nyreurecraie BYJIb$CTaHa J.l3'bra,ll.,lI.e6J.1 ,lI.OTpY30 (B'b Flpycia Ha oaept Drausen't. eM. KapTY. T. XXII). AHrJIO-C8KCOHCKiH TeKCT'b("' socnpouaaeaenie caMOUpYKonHCH) H tlH'rniHcKiH nepesom, CM.: "A Description of Europe and the voyages of Ohthere and Wulfstan written in Anglo-Saxon by King Alfred the Ore at," by J. Bosworth. London, , 1855.0 nyreurecrsiu Orapa CM. TaK)J(e»not3JJ.KH CKaH,lI.HHaBOB'b B'b BtJloe Mope, K. Tiasnep-s, 1906. Cn6ypf'b. CTP. 53-56 conepxars PyccKiH nepesom, orpuasa nyreurecrsis Orapa B'b Biapaho, nOJlHblM PyccKiH nepesom- CM.: "K'b ao np o cy 0 BiapMilt", C. K. KY3HeuoBb, aTHoq:ia$. 0603ptHie, KH. LXV-LXVI, 1905. Mocxaa. . 2) "Periplus Ohtheri Halgolando-Norwegi lit etWulfstan Angli", by A.BlIssaeo Havniae.1733. 3) "BiapMiHUbl paacsasueana eMY" (Orapy) »MHoro HCTOpiM csoea crparrs H0 COCt,ll.HHX'brpauax», 0 c HO OH'b He aaae r s, 'lTO TyT'b np aan a, H60 CaM'b aror o He BH,ll,tJl'b". Bosworth, Ibidem, p. 9.

...

216
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5

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4) An tl qui te s Ru s s e s, Kongeligt Nordisk Oldskriit Selskab (edited by the Royal Society of Antiquaries of the North). t, I. ; Copenhague, 1850, p, 86. B1> aroa cart. paacsasasaercs 0 C06blTiSlX1>, npenweCTBOBaBlIlI1X'b Fapansny npeKpaCHOBOJlOCOMY. 113.II.aTeJlI1 "Antiquites" Rafn 11Munck nO.II.QepKI1BaIOT1> npaB.II.I1BOCTb cam. B1>ynoMI1HaeMOM1> OTPbIBKt. cam rosoparca raaxe 0 BiapMil111 0 crpairs IO)!(HbIX'b It>I1HHOB'b,"Sunnaven!ri Finn-mork", YnOMI1HaHiSl 0 crpauaxs 11 )!(I1TeJlltX1> XOP.II.aJIaH.II.a, POraJlaH.II.a 11TpOH.II.aX'b113'bFanorenaana BCTpt.lJaIOTCIt BO BCt.X1>60Jlte .II.peBHIfX'b caraxt, 11B1>.Land na rna B6k. ~) "An. DCC. LXXXVII" - "Her nam Berhtric cyning Offan dohter Eadburge. On his dagum comon aerest Ill. scypu Nordrnanna of Haeredelande ... Daet waeron pa aerestan scipu Daeniscra manna on Engelcynnes land gesohton". Rerum Britannicarum Medii Aevi Scriptores (Rolls Series, 1861, I, London. p. 97). Ilepeson's: "B'b JltTO 787. B1> 3TOM1> ro.II.Y KOPOJlb BeOpTpI1K1> B3SlJl'b (sa cecs) .II.0'lb KOpOnlt Olt>¢bl o.II.6ypry. H B'b ero .II.HIt snepaue nOltBIfJlItCb 3 Kopa6J1Sl C'b HopMaHaMIf 1131> ap.II.eJIaH.II.a... 3TO 6blJIIt nepsue cY.II.a C'b J).aHaMIf, 'ITO IfCKaJIlf ce6t 3eMeJlb AHrJliiicKaro HapO.II.a". X 6) n p e.II. It CJI0 B i e xopons Anb$pe.II.a K1> nOBtcTBOBaHilO Orapa, Bosworth, i bid e m, p. 1. H31> npIfBO.II.HMarO onacaais 11J).pyrl1x1> cOBpeMeHHbIX1> IfCTO'lHItKOB'b BIfJ).HO,'ITO B'b IX If X CTOJltTiSlX'b BaJITii1cKOe Mope npeanonaranocs npOCTl1palOlUl1MCSl He C1> csnepa aa rors, a C'b ctBepO-BOCTOKa na ioro-sanam, IfJIlt, naxe, C'b BOCTOKa aa 3ana.II.1>(I bid em, p. 3). Taxosu )!(e 6b1J1I1 11reorpalt>lt'lecKiSl npencraeneais Hasansaaro JItTOnl1Cua (,,0 'Ie p K 11 P ycc K 0 ii 11CTOp 11 CK 0 H r e o rpa It>i If. F'e 0Qe r p a dri a HaqaJlbHOH-HeCTopoBoii-JItTonHCH", H. M. BapCOB1>. Bapiuasa, 1885. ') IlOpeCTa.II.1>- rJlaBHblH roproaull uearpt, '1>plf3ilt (64). B1> Ilopecrairs CXO.II.I1J1I1Cb ToproBble nyra 113'bMaHHua, 113'bAnrnia 11CKaH.II.I1HaBCKO-6aJITiHCKiii(104); aa MtCTt Ilopecrana, ua CTapOM1>PeiiHt., reneps HaXO.II.ItTCSl enenie Wyk te Doorestede. c 8) Sciringesheal Orapa (Bosworth, I bid e m, p. 14) If Skiringsal earn 06'b I1HrJlI1Hrax1> (I n g lin g a, Saga, "Heimskringla"; 113J).. S. Laing'osrs, 1889, London, v. I, p. 325) HaXO.II.I1J1CSI IO)!(Hoii B1> Hopseria, B'b BecT<l10Jlb.II.'B, OKOJlO nopra Tyacriepr-s. Q) B1>Illeeuiu ua 03ep'B MeJ1JIap'b. 0 BHPKt, es auaseaia If TOprOBJIt CM.CCblJlKIf N2N2 94, 95, 97, 981'188.

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IX

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n a ax a s 3eMJlSI; OTCIO,ll,a aaura "KaSlHCKaSl 3eMJlSI" Bb caraxs H ,ll,OKYMeHTaXb, KaKb Kvens, Cwenas, 'I. TpOH,ll,bl W3b Fanoronanna, 0603Ha'laJlM 3TMMb TO BIi,ll,HO W3b earn 06b 3rHJlt

Ii "KaSlHbl" H pa3J1Ii'lHbISl <!J0PMbl, scrptaarouiisca Kwener, TaK)Ke Quens H Quaener, Hopnwaasr, MMeHeMb <!JIiHcKoe aacenesie 3ana,ll,HOii

6.

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(203);

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W nepenecna 11) "TaMb Bb MHOfliXb

ua BCtxb $IiHHOBb <PWHJlSlH,ll,iw uaasaaie Suo m i, pyccxoe C Y M b. HaXO,ll,SlTCSI60JlbWiSl nptcHOBO,ll,HbISl oaepa, nanse sa nycrouraaa: H xseasr Me)K,ll,Y HHMH"

BOJlOKOM'b CBOH nanss

caraxs W ll) "ac para Terfinna 11,461). "Tep$HHHbl" )KHJJHno sanaanoay 6epery 5tJlaro MOpSl, :=lTO"TepcKie nonapa" HOBrOp0,ll,CKHXb rpaaar's: IO)KHblH 6eperb KOJJbCKarO rtonyocrposa nOCeH'IaCb Ha3blBaeTCSI "TepcKHMb" 6eperoMb,
"MYPMaHcKHMb", 5apCOBb, "O'lepKH T. e. HopMaHcKHMb 6eperoMb. PYCCKOH HCTOpH'IeCKOii rnaaa CM. KY3HeUOBb, r e o t-p arp ia". "Kb

rrepeaoorrs. (Orap's, I bid e m, p, 9). - 3eMJlSI xapenom- ynoaauaercs Bb "Sogubrot", "Austr Karjalabotna" ("Antiquites Rus s e s", I, p. 73). land ••• " (Orap s, Bosworth, ibidem, p. 10, TaK)Ke An ti q u it e s Rus s e s,

a cimepHblH o 5iapMiH";

Onucanie "E nut paooru

ao npo cy <PHH0 paHHej;j v l\ n-

JlSlH,ll,iH H Kapenia Bb 13) ApxeOJlOrH'IeCKiSl

IX

BtKt Bb Cart 06b 3rHJlt, H HYMH3MaTH'IecKiSl HaXO,ll,KH

XV (204).
CBH,ll,tTeJlbCTBa cart.

rronrsepxnaior's

KOJIOHH3auiH WBe,ll,aMH 6eperoBb $HHcKaro 3aJlHBa H DpH6aJlTHKH. CM. Birger Nerman, dring fran Gotland oeh o n s inforlivande med s v e a v al d e t", 1923, H npyris

Hep-

.218

H. T. B1>JlSlEB'b

nOTOKa HanpaBJISlJlHCb K1> HOBrOpO.llY Xonsarapay, Bnposews, TaK1> KaKb HH y Orapa, HH B1>cart; 3mJISI He yrroMHHaeTCSI Hosropom., Mbl .llOJI)KHbl 3aKJIIOlfHTb, 4TO 06a 3TH HCTOlfHHKaonacsrsaror's TO nonoxenle aeuieit, xoropoe rtpenuiecrsoaano aapoxneuho B1> Hoeropoirs snpacynyutaro pyccxaro rocynapcrsa. Ilpyrof nyrs H31>Illacuia urem- IO)KHte, xepeas TOTJIaH.ll1> K1>BOCTOlfHOMY6epery Banriacxaro MOPSl,B1>CTpaHY napona, KOTOPblH cam Ha3bIBalOTb Aestii, Osti u Esti, T. 'e. 3cTaMH.14 I1HrJIHHra-cara noa'scrayers 0 MHomXb Ha6traxb, coaepureunuxt, rY.lla uiaenaaa, uanp, I1HrBapeMb Hero CblHOMb OHYH.llOMb "ntcopy60Mb".15 Taxs KaK1>OHYH.llb 6b1JI1>OTU.OMb Huriansna Hnspana, TO C06blTiSi 3TH, no Bcei1 stpoSlTHOCTH,HMtJIH MtCTO CTOJItTieMb pausuie 6HTBbl npa EpaBaJIJIt (Bravalla), T. e. B'b reseaie VIl-ro BtKa. B1> caraxs COXpaHHJIaCb naMSlTb H 0 HtKOTOPblXb euie 60JIte paHHHX'b CBSl3S1Xb MeJK.llYnpenxaaa I1HfJIHHroBb H TtM'1>6eperOM'b Banrtacxaro MOpSi.Tam, I1HrmtHra nos'scrsyer's, sro "O.llHH'b ... 'CO BCtMH 60raMH HMHO)KeCTBOM1>npOlfHXb JIIOAei1,. crpaHCTBOBaJI1> cuasana aa sanam, OT'b -I'apnapaxas, a 3aTtMb, K1>tory BbCTpaHY caKCOBb" .16 Fapnapmo., renepeunnoro Pocciio, OHH Ha3blBaJIH "BeJIHKOH Illseulea", fO.llXeHMOMb, T. e. CTpaHOH 60rOBb, a c06CTBeHHOlliBeu.ilO-MaHxeHMOMb, CTpaHOH MY)Kei1,17KOPOJIH I'apnapaxa, crpauu roponom., nrparors 3HalfHTeJIbHYIO pOJIb Bb 'paHHeH HCTOpiH Illaeuln. Tam, I1Bap'b BH.ll$a.llMe ( ..MHorOCJIaBHbli1") H3b CKaHe (CKOHil1), 113rHaBllliH H3b Yncanu nauacrho I1HrJlHHrOBb 11 caMb craaiuiti ponoua'laJIbHHKOMb nOCJIt.llYIOw.I1X'b umencxnxt. H narcxaxt, KOpOJIei1, I1MtJI'b .llO% Ay.llY ..3a.llYMlfl1syio " ; OHa nsuuna 3aMY)Kb sa Panoapa KOPOJISII'apnapaxa 11 HMtJIa OTb Hero cuua Pannsepa, KOTOPbli1, Bb CBOIO osepens: 6blJIb OTU.OM1> 3HaMeHI1TarO CHrypna PHHra.18

MaHa (30); TaK)KeH3CJltll.OBaHiSi Knut'a Stjerna ("Swedes and Oeats during the migration period" Viking Club Extra. Series, v. III, 1912, pp 64-96); TaK)Ke O. Montelius, .Ku lturgeschichte Schwedens", Leipzig, 1906 v. I. J. Arne, "La Suede et l'Orient", Archives d'e tu d e s orientales, v. 8, 1914, Upsala. 14) Bosworth, ibidem, p. 3.; CM, e. Bpayirs: "Pa3bICKaHiSi Bb 06J1aCTH rOTo-CnaBSlHCKHXb O'r aoure aia", Cn6., 1899, CTp. 249, 250. 15) "H eimskringla", Anti q ui t es Rus s e s, I, 235; TaK)KeSag aLi br a r y, vol. III, (I) p. 53.; TaK)KeEd. Laing, I, p, 311. - ,,)KH3HeonHcaHie HOpBe)KCKHXb xop o n e n", aanacaao CHOPPH CrypJlIOCOHOMb (1178--1241); Bb npeaacnoaia CHOPPH rOBOpHTb0 n03MaXb csansnos» H 0 paooraxs ApH TOprHJlbCOHa "MYlI.paro" (183), KaKb HCTO'lHHKaXb CBOe" HCTOpiH. loescrsoaanie I Ha'lHHaeTCSI CJI0BaMH: "Kringla heimsins", T. e. "Orbis terrarum", KpyrJlbl" CBtTb; OTClOlI.anaasaaie KHHrH Heimskringla; OHa Ha'lHHaeTCSI CarOM06b HHrnHHraxb, Bb OCHOBYOTOPO"nonoxeaa ntcHb 06b K HHrnHHraxb, Inglinga-tal, cxansna Tioll.BYJIb41a XBHHcKaro,npansopuaro nona Fapansna Ilpexpacaosonocaro. CM. "Antiquites Ru s s e s", ibidem, pp. 235-245 H "Corpus Poeticum Boreale", 1883, I, p. 242, by O. Vigfusson and F. York Powell. Oxford. 16) Anti qui t e s R u sse s, "I n g Iin g a - Sa g a", I, 248, 249: "fyrst vestr i Gardariki, ok padan sudr i Saxland", ") I bid e m, p, 245. "Svutjop him mikla", 0 3Ha'leHiH 3THXb npell.aHilt lI.nS!HCTOpiH POCciHCM. craruo e. Bpayaa, .Das historische Russland im nordischen Schrifttum des X-XIV Jahrhunderts", Festschrift Eugen Mogk fur 70 Oeburstag, Halle, 1924, S.167. 111) "Sogubrot af Fornkoniingum i Dana ok Svia v e l d i", Ant iq u it e s Russ e s, I, p. 14 H pp. 66-73; na cTp.487 ,1I.aHa reaeanorasecxas Ta6J1Hua CKioJIbll.YHroBb. or y 6 POT b S!BJIS!eTCS C -e~ltHCTBeHHblMb uacs lI.OWell.WHMb TPblBKOMb lI.O O earn oCKioJIlI.YHraXb, Ski 0 I dun gaS a g a. C<iry6POTb nostcrayer-s, KaKb noors rH6eJIH narcxaro KOPOJIS! PlOP HKa (Hrrerekr) BlI.OBaero

lJ.128. KaKb ceMel1HblSi npenania peSHHBO OeperJlHCb Bb KOpOJleBCKHXb ponaxs cssepa. I'ansneraus.'ti1CTBiH.oCTa'HOB.Bpaaanscxas He)1. bHTBa npa Bpaeannf rJlYOOKO sp'saanacs Bb naMSlTb csaepnuxt.ornesrs Pannsepa.21aTa na nata TaK)J(e npausra Capows I'anpa XOBOPTOMb Bb ero . 66. ParHaJlb)1.IO.ep)l(I1TCSI .28Hero nJleMSlHHHKbCHryP. Saga-Book. H 6b1JlO Y yCTbSl p. a nocnf H0 nponycxa Y)l(e nOB'tCTByeTcSI Fapansna.22 I'apansm.n.CKIt1 H PIOPHKb HAlfAJlbHOt1 J11'>TOnHCH 219 npecrapnnaro MOJlo. KJlaKb Hero MJla. 1920. An ttqul t e s Ru London.eCTB't nananeaia aa nero rHH. 95. 1914.Menoraoaers B'b rap)1.n.wiH opaTb PIOPHKb (POpHKb cppaHKCKHXb rrsronacea). p. .436-440. . "n'tCH't "Haraldr borinn sonr hilditonn Hroeriki dottir.OBb.HJlCSI H'SCKOJlbKOoOJl'Se n03.ll. Hy VIII. 'ITO aro rearpows npononxarensaux» v.. var hann Audar Audr djupauaga Raudvers faltir" Ant.n. 81 ("Orrosta a Bravelli").t B'b T. npenxa. 143.a .ll.OJl)KHaOblJla nonro coxpansrsca. Moryw.bI PO)1.HJlCSI apansm.n.ll.ll. Tapansna I'ansneraua.aTCKoH rereaonla.D.n.POPHKb IOTJlAH. H.Olrik. "Bravellir". a P H K'b H TaM'b BblXO.SI. CJI'S.ll.apCTBOBaHiH r.HTCSIB'b i))1. TO naaars 0 rap. HO KYHHKb. CTp.ll..D.1912.!I.'S. Bull. p 14. a .: "OT'b AY)1. Imp.apHK'S .ll. BOeHHblX'b .Hel1.HJJa oxono apXeOJIOrH'IeCKiSi pacxonsa CHJlbttO YKp'tnneHO Club Extra Series.n.6ap.ll.<lJa)1. Fnnsnerarrs.ll. Orraps ibidem. Flepeaom. Acad.apHK't B'b 60Pb6't nOCJ1t)1. p.aT'S. Critiques roro xe 66.ll. 22) Saga-Book. 'ITO 3Ha'lHTb »fiOeBoti KJlblKb". Scient.na 770-Mb ro.n. OblJlb TO)J(e CblHOMb Aynsr. Y'IaCTBOBaJl'b BHYK'b Pantiapa.n.HSlrO Paansep's snoorsncrei« nOCbJJ1aeT'b nacsnnca I'apansna na no)l. VlI. sur les p.HJlb npn Bpaaannf CBOerO Jl.anH pR. HapO.n. "Remarques s s e s. npOCTO. 21) An tf qu It es Ru s s e s etc. B'b aTOli 6HTB't M.n.aBHiSi 6b1J1o Viking Bygd.n. rJly60KO I1 i)ToBce 3a. p.n.npaxonanca BHYKOMb Hsapio BH. (a MO_ )KeTb OblTb. M'tcTO Stjerna. OTb PlOpHKa »MeTaTeJlSl -KOJIeUb".OBaTeJlbHO.IX. v. oeh Caxcoaa rpaM- 6KTBa npOHCXO)1.'t.JlbJ".cpa.OJl)J(Hbi6b1J1H 3.anbe ero B'b pYKOnl1CI1 nponycies. H '-ITO OTCIO.ll. Braviken B'b BOCTO'lHOM'b rOTnaH)1.lJ.\1i'l.HaTb 0 Hel1. F CblH'b PJOpHKa.11. p. B X. .- u sse s.Me. i bid em. H BHYKH I'apansna Funsneraua. v. v. R "allt er pat aett pin Ottar heimski!" 6oeBOH-KJlblK'b. o 1l.HMeHHO.!I. O'leHb BtPOSITHO. v.H ee MO)J(HOC'IHTaTb HOBOI1 HCTOpH'IeCKol1apoit PacpHbH MYHKb20 nowfunaror'see nom.". I'apansm. a CblH'b xopeuie OTUOBCKaro TpOHa. Radbardr var slaungvanbauga. Tal()I(e A.'S 061lleCTBY »BHKHHrb" 0 rapansnf npeKpaCHOBOJlOCOMb Hero npe.b coenauam.OM'b.D. 'ITO Bb OpaBaJlbCKOH OJATB'SLllneula mnepaue sucrynana npOTHBb .ll. 111. "S 0 g u b rot". nocnf nonraro H CJlaBHarO uapCTBOBaHiSl. Tam. 750-Mb ronows.YM'IHBa AY)1.).ol1 lUBe. fvars en MOJIO. pp.n.D. Knut Namn npn.D. Nerman.19H. Panoaps cram.:IKa KH. I. 6HTBbJ CM. nocnf psna HC'IepnblBaIOIllHXbH3CJI'S.Oro Carypna. Feseanoris Fapansna npHBO.ll. MHtHiSi )1.297--312. 1850. Bravellir.YWHblH I" The Viking 1928.CKil1 KOPOJlb CHryPAb noot.n. KaKb aTO nonaraers Baprep's Hepaairs..O'lb 11sapa.OBaHiH. I1Bap'b BH)1.l<axb. 20) Age.'b P Y C CK i11. 710 B'b rap.CKYIO CbIHOM'b rapaJ1b. 23) Onacanie MaTJ. YKa3b1BaSl.'b HHTepeCHblX'b pe3YJlbTaTOB'b. Fapansm.I. TaK)I(e Du Chaillu.ll.nauiem.HTb AY.OM'b cnacaercs (OK. 1889. Bb OpaBaJlbCKOHOHTB'S.n.aHY)KHOBeCTH wBe. "Soguhrot". H HCKaJlb) caepn.n. CM. TBOI1 Merarens xoneus. .a (Aw!r) C'b MaJIOntTHHM'b 3aMY)I('b sa KOpOJl~ Panoapna C'b Pa)1. eM. ua BpeMSI Bb CBOHXb PYKaXb Illseuho H Ilauho.OKJla.

JISI06l>SlCHeHiSl npOHCXO)K.ectx'b CB.HHXl>HapO.lI. BaCHJIbeBCKiH.)1889. CTp. CTp.lI. 1925. .lJTO ua HCTOpHlJeCKoi1 aperrs * rpexecxaxs HCTOlJHHKOSl>. nOCTeneHHO.27 MH'B .lI. T.aKl» Cl> CHJIbHOi1 PYCCKOi1 parsto BeJIHKa poyccxa=j. Kparxoe rpesecxoe Crediaaa HaXOll.faTb 0 C'BSepHbIXl> npaSHTeJISlXl>.• " BaCHJIbeBcKiti B (ihidem. Cb MHorolO CHJIOIO npaane K COYPO)J(Y. v. KaKl> H3l> Jl'BTOnHcei1. 440).BO. " CTOI1T'b: " ••. r.. 1842.tTb ll.•. Cflb. TaKl> H Sl> nOJIHOrJIaCHoi1 "fipaBaJIJIHHl>". i bid KHSI3b. llMHTpiSi Ilpanyuxaro (BaCHJIbeBcKii1. Swedish "Det Kingdom". npyraxs Ji\I1TiSlX'b. 113-131.lI. Bb Oll. Ilpoacxoxneaie nonaaro )J(HTiSi 11ero oraoureaie Kb rpesecxoay rescry nOll.M.11 BJIall. PYMSlHu. CnHCKaX'b )J( 11 i 51 (no T CTp.6wTBa npu Epa- MHHHcTepcTBa Maw (CTp.lI.eCSlTH." )KYPHaJIb . OTJIHlJie. oxono KOHCTaHTHHOnOJISI. o1. npHJIaraTeJIbHOe-THTYJIl> BbIT'BCHHJlO H3l> naMSlTH coocrseunoe 24) of the B. C'r erp aua Cy p o x c s ar Saga-Book. A. Cn6.)KHTie CB.lU KaKl> 6b1 TO HH 6bIJIO.HesHoi1 ocanu. CTp. pp. K em.OnYCTHTb C'b p Y C CK a r 0 KHSl3S1 0 PlOP 14 a 11aa CTpeMJIeHie BHll.HHaBCKOMYo6b1lJatO.fYSCTsyeTcSI.OSb ynoMHHaHiSl 0 HHXl> CTaHOSSlTCSI nOSlSHJICSIHOSbli1 H Mory- MOJI\.p06HO paaoopano axan. n. nOJIHOrJIaCHaSi <t>opMa 6paBaJIHH'b JItTOnl1CI1 BCTpt'laeTCSI Bb KapaM3HHOBCKOMb Cnl1CKt H n03ll. npiane pars BeJIHKa pOYCCKa 143 Hosarpana KHSl3b 6paBJIHHb CHJIeHb 3tJIO.'BSlTeJIb. no r.HOCTb ll. 301-452). 2~) B. Bb KOHU. ecn.O 6bllJy. Texcrs nOBtcTH Ha'lHHaeTCSI CJItll. BaCHJIbeBCKHMb Bb YKa3aHHblxb CTaTbSlXb (CM. . 03arJIaBJIeHHOMb: "CJ rrpuxoxaeaia parho K CYPo)J(Y KHSl3S16paBJIHHa H3b BeJIHKarO Hosarpana". 1906.I1Mipa B nOSlBI1Bwii1cSI non» 0 KpemeHiH CYPo)J(eMb aa I1CTOpH'IecKYIO Cu. CHJIeHl> 3'BJIO".lI.lI. .YlOmHMb 06pa30Mb: "no CMepTH )J(e csararo ManO ntTb MHHOY. 397).eBCKaro MY3eYMa". nJItHH OTb KOPCOYHSI H no Kopsa )J(HTie CB. H. \.lI. H.lJTO HMSI aTO 6blJIO npaH SlBJISlJIOCb BOcnOMHHaHieMl> 0 fipaBaJIJI'B.YMaeTCSI. i bid noors H3JIo)J(eHiSi noxona. Jl e r e an a . Bb )J(I1Til1 npenon. 6blJIH H noMOf'b nbITKH npnnars nararensuaws eMY CJIaBSlHCKYIO<pOpMy. Bsnuenpaaenenaaa u. X.HHXb BOCTOKOBa Cnl1CKaXb HOBrOpOll.lI. CJIHWKOMb pano "KOpcYHcKaSi cymecrso- Bb 6 p a H JI 14 0 M 'b KHSl3t BJIall.lI.O- COyHSI H .. B 0 3 P O)J( a e Hie. "OTl> H'BKii1 Bpaanum. H3S'BCTHbIMb 06pa30Ml> Tax's. Nerman. HMl> CJIaBHYtO Cpa)KaTbCSI H 3aCJIY)KHTb ce6'B MOrJ1H BeJIHlJaTb csoero npe.oeper's Bpaanana aaxaaruaaert.220 H. svenska rikets uppkomst".t nonaaro )J(HTiSi npHJIo)J(eHbI nOBtcTH 0 synecaxs Y paKH CBSITaro. 451) rOBOpI1Tb: 'ITeHie. paaopasurla KPblMCKoe H nooepexse Kop.HTaTbI B3S1TbIH3b nOJIHarO cnasaao-pyccxaro )J(HTiSi(CTp. sanirs". 121). CTp. H3JIaraeTCSI paacsaas 0 6paBJIHHt." 26) Vi3BtcTie 0 noxoaf 6paBJIHHa aa CYPO)J(b HMteTcSI BO MHOrl1Xb JItTonHCHblxb HtKOTOPbIXb CTp. aauie Bpaanuna (HJIH 6paBaJII1Ha) TtMb He MeHte.CKOW 213 14 214) BMtCTO non's ronows. 97-164) 14IIOHb (CTp. ero zce "The Foundation 1928.lI. 16 Asrycra 1929 rona.JI5IEBb HCTOpitO. CopaTHHKH.HOMb H3b HHXb. KHSl3b 6 p aH n 14 'b 11 CHneH'b.eHy". Stockholm. CSSl3aHbi Cl> 6paSaJIbCKoi1 Ilepsua "KHSl3b ("paTb H3S'BCTiSl. CYPO)Kl> (CY. 351].25 I1MSI MHOrO Kopsa". Ha P o n n a ro n POCBt me H i 51 ()K.. nOCJI'B .1lI1H'b CI1JIeH'b nOnJIeHI1 .HTeJISI HMeHeMl>.O saute H xauie: Bpasannu JI'BTOnHCH COC'B. CTe<t>aHa CYPO)J(CKaro" [CM. np116aBJISleTcSI: "0 TOMb nacano Bb 'I1Oll.HTCSI Bb Caaaxcapia. BaCHJIbeBcKii1. HanOMHHaIOIllHMl> 6HTBY.aMI1 na TPYll.lI. Bb 6H6JIioTeKt na OCTPOBt XaJIKH. BOCTOKOBb: "OnHcaHie PYCCKHXb 11 CJIOBeHCKI1Xb PYKOrrbrorracsx's. W CTaTbSl asropa o.lI. 397-452). uanp.TaKl> H H3l> <ppaHKCKHXb 6HTS0i1.113BtcTHbIW Bb 6paHJIHBarO noamrsnuree npencraanser's.'B HOCHTeJIb ero CKaH.lI. "PyccKiH WaXMaToBb: CBSlTarO (CM. 443: HCTOpH'IecKii1 aarepec» B'b CBSl311 BbICKa3bIBaBwHMHCSI BpeMSI OTb BpeMeHH B3rJISlll.lI.HMipa". Bb nl1CeH 851-852 cnacsaxs 14 B'b e m. 26 60raTYIO BCTp'BlJaeTCSI Sl> PYCCKHXb HCTOlJHHKaXl> KaKl> Bl> KpaTKoi1 <pOPM'B "fipaBJIHHl>".eHiSl eroro Bsrno BblCKa3aHO npennonoxeula HMeHH.lI. nOnJItHH •." OHO xaranory "npeBpameHie 27) Bb Ng Ng CJIOB'b: " •• ' KHSl3b KHSl3S1 ••• 6paB.. nOCJI'B nes llleCTBeHHbli:i .

ropaano BtpoSiTHte OTHOCI1Tb 20 nOXOJl.. Toro )l(e MHtHiSi Jl. TaK)I(e Arne. I).Il. TO Mbi \fTO 5paBJIHHb HO H xpar- 3ee6yprb Bb YCTbt .'ITO OHO npOH30WJlO L i tt era r y Soc i e t y). xro BtKa. B. H Bb rexcr-s HtCKOJlbKO paas roaopars 0 nepsoa 'IeTBepTH IX B. nO. X (p.HiSi aru CBOHXbnpOTHBHHKOBb.tJlaTbH sropoa mar's " conocraB"Tb "MSI 6paBJ1I1HaHe TOJlbKO Cb Braviken HJ1HBra-vellir. nocraaneaie Bb enacxonu CYPo)l(cxie Kb 767 (ibidem..IlBHHbl. ECTb aHaJIOrH4HblSl YKa3aHiSi H Bb caraxt. 30) 06b OCHOBaHiH3ee6ypra CM. 'ITO yxaaasie aa HOBrOpOJl. pp.b oxoao 790 rona.0 20 JltTb Jl." KaKb MbI yBH. CD5. H3b . HenO. no HtMeUKH-Bb rnaBt I-BoH H3CJ1tJl.tJIeHHbIMb OTb ECJIH Mbl BcnOMHHMb.t VIII-ro no Cretpana CYPO)f{CKarO..CKarO H KaKb CBSITOH Crerpam.OBaHiH . a nOTOMb Y)I(e paatinpars B03MO)l(HOCTb npOHCxoxneais ero HMeHI1OTb Vall i n HJlH OTb Braviken.CKIH H PIOPI-1Kb HAttAJIbHOH JI't>TOnHCI-1 221 HMSIrepos. 'ITO OTb ues Jl. Bb csoen HCTOpil1uepxaa. BbISlCr. 410) H KOH'IHHY OK0J10787 (cTp.t Onera Btw. Ht4TO nO.06HOe npOH30111JIO H Cb HMeHeMb H Y CaKCOHa rpaMMaTHKa. Belaiew (noxnam. CMepTH )f{e CBSITaro MaJIO JItTb TaKHMb 06pa30Mb.OBaHiH Feneoaoaa.b 5paBJIHHa 5paBaJIJIbl JIHlllb .aBHO..0 35-40 RtTb.Il.JlSI pasanna Jl.Il. HJlH. HO H HenOCpeJl.tllcTBHTeJlbHOCTI1 Bb ero cyutecraoaaais.aro. MOPSI He TOJIbKO "H3b . TO H caMblH nOXO.yeTb H3b nat's. N. 1929.Il. vol. Kb KOHUY VIII-ro nOXO. 1844. M.eCSlTHJItTiSlMH.Berulung": n03TOMY OHb COBtTOBaJlbcaasana y6tJl.YMaeTCSI. e. AHaROrH'IHbIRYKaBb H aauis HMi>IOTCSI Y Bacansescsaro Ii (ibidem.Il.OBaHiSi "Die Verbind ungen zwischen Skandina vi en u n d dem Ostbaltikum in der jiingeren Eisenzeit". CTp.BYMSI. Cb 2~) )1(. BaCHJIbeBCKHMb Bb PSI. Bacanseacxitl OTHOC"Tb pozcneaie CB.Birger Nerman. CKOH4aJICSIBb HCXO. CTp. 1909. xorna nncam. H.IlHtnpb. H3CJIt. 5. ibidem. sro yxp'snneuie Morb urnencxie BHKHHrH OCHOBaJIH PHrH.HbIH BOnpOCb 0 HeHb HtKoTOpOe xpononorla raxu H 0 CYW. Crerpaaa Kb 700-701 rony.Il.Il. CBOIO .aHHbISi["Det svenska rikets uppkomst". ocnapasaa ropasno 60J1te n03Jl. T.'ITO v allin '1aCTO BCTpt'1aeTCSI Illaeuia. Ill. MHHOY". Bb Anglo-Russian "Die Berufung der Schwedischen Ro d s e n etc. 440). XI. OTb 15 Jl. 1923] npaxomrrs Kb BblBOJl.80 Hoaarpana"..0 CMepTH CB. p.enacxorrs "Vallin". 790-795 r. Ba- xorna IX-ro uamecrsie 5paBJIHHa. no aHrJlilicKH.HMbIXb Bacanseacxaers: caMb )l(e OHb. Bb BOCTO'lHOH rOTJ1aHJl. p. D. neransuoe H3RO)l(eHie sonpoca Bb "E nut van d rin g f r 1n Got I and o c h o n s in fo r lt v a n d e med sveaviildet". Ilocnf H3cntJl. CJl. 15 HJ1H J1tT1>. DYTb H3b llBHHbI ua llHtnpb 6bl~b If npOJlO)l(eHb Y)l(e eecsaa Jl.Il.HMb HH)f{e.OBaHiti 0 )f{HTiSlXb CBB. extr. npHBOJl.Il.iH (rJl.3TOMY. Bugg~.Il. KYHHKb Bb caoesrs H3CJI'tJl. Mbl noJ B JlY'IaeMb.1893.. COMHtHilO. conocrasasa nosaaaais Guta Saga 0 BblCeJleHIH rOTJlaHJl.OCTH% 6eperOBb 4aHWHMb nyrewt.102).ueBbH apxeonorasecsis Jl. 'ITO cyutecrsoaam. Saga-Book. rronaras 3TOTb nOXOJl.HOCTHnOXO. 1925.".POPI-1Kb IOTJIAHJl. n HeBOJ1bHO Jl. He)l(eJiH 10. 'ITO paCTSIHYRO 6bl "HeMHoro JltTb" Jl.b npoqieccopows B. "HeMHoro J1tTb" no CMepTHCBRToro nanyrt.TpeMSI . 4 rona.CTBeHHo Bravalla.0 nOXOJl. A. a TtMb 60J1te. 17. DpHHI1MaSi l. CTp. 50 diirfte man ihn (HMR 6paBJ1HHa)in Br a-v a l in oder Br a-v lln zerlegen und fUr den ersteren.Il.DO.aJIeKY OTb renepeumea 3TH C06b1TiSl H aucxaaars YepHaro MOrJIH 6bI conOCTaBHTb .Y. by Col.a 5paBJIHHa 6blJIb BpeMSI TOMY Ha3a.tnaeTb liMb HtKOTOPYIOYCTynKY. BaCHJ1beBCKaro npyraxt. Crediana npOTeKJlO 12-17 R. I'eopris CHJIbeBCKiH nOKa3aJIb.cTp.D.Il. 451).Il.29 OKOJIO roro )f{e BpeMeHH ronaws OKa)f{eTCSI OT. vol.Il. "C TOP" 'I HOCT b 6 H OpaBJIHHaHe nonnesom. 1926. a AMaCTpH. TPY.). wie Iiir den letzteren Theil nordische Namensformen anfiihren'v Ilanbe OHb YKa3b1BaeTb. KYHHKb He 6b1Jl1> BtpeHb Bb HCTOpl1'1eCKOMb Y cymecrsoeauia 6paBJII1Ha. 1878 H 1889 H Jl t TO n HCb Ap x e o r p a ¢lH 'IeCKOH KOM Hcci 11.b "MorRO 6bITb npH6aBJleHO nOCJ1t nepemfClJHKaMH" (ibidem. KaKb MY)I(CKOeHMSI. Jl.b6paBJII1HaKb KOHUYVIII-ro. Stockholm.Il.p06HOMY CJIaBSlHO-PYCCKOMY TeKCTY. roaopars: " . 'ITO HeM H0 r 0 ntTb 3Ha'lHJlO3. Stockholm.I1TbCSI Jl. "Seafaring and Shipping during the Viking Age". X.aEpaBJlI1Ha. Saga-Book 1928.Il. Bacansescsia nonaraer-s. IX. B'sposnrse.t nposcxonana 6paBaJ1bCKaSi HTBa).140. p.b HY)f{HO HJIH Kb nepBblMb "Ilo BtKa. r0J1y6HHcKiH. 6 blJl0. a He Kb nasany IX-ro BtKa.ep)l(HTCSI E.aTY KYHHKa (770-775J1. T.IlBHHbl ua 28) "Links between Vikings of England and Russia". S I a von i c Rev i e w. r. Ilepnoe SlCHO cntJl. VI. OTHOCHTb Kb TOMY )f{e BpeMeHH. npennonoxenie. MO)l(HO reneps. oKPyrJ1S1Sl.

raxoe HMeHHO oraoureuie H:3aKptnJIeHO B'b csoen 3anH:CH: . I'eopris B03MO)!(HO H t:(TO Kiest. 305 31) BpaBJIHH'b Hero copaTHHKH.ll. nOBtcTBYlOlUHX'b 0 uananeelsxs HopMaHOB'b B'b nepiom. KOTOPblit ynoMHHaeTCSI rO.II.CKarO rana YKpaweHiH H H3. K.II. CTp.n. id est gentem suarn. 834-845 rona (CM. C n 6. H <l>paHKHHMtJIH BCt ocnosaala onacarscs "exploratores". CTp. 'ITO rOTJIaH.t.Il. npa Fapyn's-ans-Paunurs.OB'baa 1919. noporoa. r. T OKa3aJIHCb CB e SIM H: ("eos gentis esse Sueonum").Ubl caasana OTnpaBHJUlCb ua OCTPOB'b Ilaro Y aCTOHCKHX'b 6eperOB'b. B 1926. )l(HBaSi CTapHHa. Rhos vocari dicebant").. noCBSIlUaen noxonaws BpaBJIHHa H PYCH CTp. BaCHJIbeB'b B'b CBOeM'b TPY. B'b "lIIcTopiH" TaTHlUeBa. CTp.OBHKYH B'b nHcbMt npOCHJI'b OTnpaBHTb HX'b 6e30naCHO B'bCBOe OTe'leCTBO.ll. a '1aCTb HX'b OCTaJIaCb no BeJIHKOMY BO. 1828. 434.n. (BtJIaSi Bt)Ka) C'b HOBOH onaCHOCTblO OT'b P Y CH.Y Kb J1tO.II.Il. 11M n. C'b BH3aHTiHcKOH HMnepieH. T. OTO onacanie '1pe3BbI'IaHHO nOXO)Ke aa COOTBtTCTBYlOlUiSi MtcTa <l>paHKCKHX'baHHaJlOB'b.Il.n6. Cb HOBrOpO.II.n. Comm..KaKb H3b KOHH He xenasunoo. 195. N. Ed. Pyca=napoaa KaK'b BCt 3HaIOT'b B'b BblcweH CTeneHH nnxaro H rpy6aro.YlOlUHMH HCTopHKaMH sroro nepiona. B'b CBSl3H C'b CHJlbHO npo6Y. a OTTY.) "Monumenta Germanire Historica".II. (CM. 61>JISlEB'b peaynsrarf nO. B'b 1924 r. p. P Y CCK o-B H3 a HT i HCK i e 0 T P bl B K H. CblPOMSlTHHKOB'b.. AK. 196.. r. TaK)Ke.Il. BaCHJIbeBCKiH.II.0TO'lHarO BbISlcHeHiSl. 1113B. e.II.nOJIHblH nepeson's I'y r a-c a r a CM. He HOCSIlUaro B'b ce6t HHKaKHX'b CJIt.KOTOpOe t:(HCJ10 6blJlb HCnOJlb30- CKaH.ll.II. CTp. 1736. Acad.Il.ueB'b CM.II. .).11.). O.OMb npHXO.HOMY nYTH.n. "Rhos". Scriptorum. Bpayrrs.ll.PY)KeCTBeHHaro noresopa: K'b Ce 6 t OHH He )KeJIaJlH B03BpalUaTbCSI npe)KHHM'b nyrews "no npH'IHHt )KHBWHX'b TaM'b BapBapCKHX'b )KeCTOKHX'b aapoaos's": eeo<l>HJI'b CO CBOHMH nOCJIaMH OTnpaBHJI'b HX'b K'b J1IO.. B.II.HHa3blBaJIH ce6S1 po ca a H ("qui se. 66 H 73). Petrop.t "rOTbI B'b KpbIMY". t:(TO Bb H.II.ll.rOBb Ht.CKHXb nOCJlOBb. 388. )!( H B ill H X b TaM b M H O~ BapBapCKHXb coocuieuls OKOJIO 500 rona. rOTJIaH. 1768.OKJ!a. )l(HTie Feopris Aaacrpnncsaro. )l(HTie rOBOpHT'b: "BbIJlO aaurecrsie sapeapom. H B'b K 0 M.rCYlUHOCTb H3BtCTiSi 3aKJIIO'IaeTCSI B'b TOM'b. Scient.OBb.ll. 301). B'b aTO BpeMSI no llBHHt H llHtnpy He COBctM'b HC'Ie3JIH npexais noceneaia rOTOB'b.N2.81.JISlHMnepiH. CTp. Cn6.N264-68) 6b1JIo' oc06eHHO TpeBO)KHblM'b . n.O842-ro saresaeru rHXb H3b HCTOpiH illBe.06HbIXb Ha6t. secunda: ad a. T. I. cTp. 1899..Il.Il. A K.a. H:X'b aanepxana .H:HaBiH: HJIH llaHiH:.OB'bH H3CJIt. MomH BCTptTHTb TaM'b nOTOMKOB'b rOTJIaH. CJIY)KHJI'b OTnpaBHbIM'b MtCTOM'b HX'b Ha6tra. no Il aaa t.. OTO BpeMSI.ll. t.tncTBHTeJlbHO amiciJlH: tiae petitores ·HJIH:Jla3YT'IH:KaMH.222 Becsaa B03MO)!(HO. MO)KeT'b 6blTb. 32).H:BWH:X'b H:3'bCKaH.tJIiH.HBillHXb AMaCTpH. A.II.p06HblH paariop's aroro MtcTa earn 0 sucenenla rOTJIaH. M. 41-48. 397.OKJ!a.. 1878.OMOit npexneti p H t:(H H t.JISI3aKJIIO'IeHiSi .Il.ll.II. rnasa XXXII. BbIHOCKH 64.ll.a)82. Tax» A.II. eCJIH npennoncxurs 'ITO Kiem. O.. IV.1l.OB'b '1eJIOBtKOJlI06iSl" (CTp. CTp.Il.nO. 128). BblCeJIHBWHXCSICO csoero OCTpOBa B'b Ha'laJIt Vl-ro B'BKa (BblHOCKa 30). B.Il. C'b TtX'b nop's OHO KOMMeHTHpOBaJIOCbBCtMH nOCJlt.JlSIpaHHeH PYCCKOH HCTOpiH BaHep'b ("Origines Russ ic a e". BPHM'b nposem. SlBJlSlIOTCSI OHH: . n BPO. C.OBaHm. 'ITO K'b HMnepaTOPY eeo<l>HJJY SlBHJIHCb nOCJIbI "amicitiae petitores" .HXb Ha6t. BH3aHTIHCKHMH HH)KeHepaMH xpfsnocra Capxem. BaHb KaKb 6a3a .Il.I.aH'b CnHCOK'b . HeH3BtcTHble JlIO. M. r. "Pa3b1CKaHiSi B'b 06JIaCTH rOTO-CJIaBSlHCKHX'b OTHoweHiH"..322. 11.II. p..CKarO (HanHCaHHOMb . no )KHTilO. 275 H CJIt. VIII. sepeas POCcilO B'b Fpeuiio.Il.ll. 277 H 'I.ll.aTbCSI . Feoprif P0. )1(.HJICSIOKOJlO 760 rona H OKOJlO 790 6b1Jl'b nOCBSIlUeH'b B'b enacxona.II.ll. anaaon» CTOJIKHoBeitiSi KaJIH<I>aTa. Kond. ABTOP'b aanaraers. "exploratores". CTp.UbI He Bct BblCeJIHJIHCbB'b Fpeuiio. npa KOHcTaHTHHt VI H HHKoJlat Jloroeerf (790-811). non CTaHTHHOnOJlSl Bb 839-Mb )!(eCTOKHXb ro. VIII. H. V. OKOJIO 475-ro rona 06HapY)KHBaIOT'b B'bpaCKOnKaX'b B'b npH6aJITHKt H aananson Poccia BJIiSlHie rOTJIaH. roro.OBHKYBnarosecrasoay HapO. Bnepsae 06paTHJI'b BHHMaHie na auaseaie aroro MtcTa .rOBb.YtOlll. Bb H3BJIe'leHiSlX'b. 33) Anna1es Bertiniani pars. 839 rom. Becsxa B03': MO)KHO. BblHOCKH .Il._1926 r.n.JlSI OCJlt.Y aa CYPO)K'b nOCBSIlUeHO sa noorsnaee BpeMSI HtCKOJIbKO . Hannoverre. Pertz. .t .ll. 1892.HBWHMCSI HHTepeCOM'b K'b "rOTCKOMY nepiony" aauref HCTOpiH H· K'b HCTopiH KpblMa. 220-233 H ConOCTaBJISleT'b nocrpotlxy Bb 833 r. JIH'IHOCTH BpaBJIHHa a ero nOXO. npHXO. T.HaKO. B'b Paap a a s Ap xe o n o r i a H IIIcKyccTBa Paaae-Xpacriaacsaro H BH3aHTiHcKaro noxnam« "J1H'IHOCTH KHSl3S1paBJlHHa B'b )KHTiH Crediaua CYPO)KCKarO" (Sem.88 B03Bpalll.ueB'b. no aaseaeaia <l>paHKaMH: O'lHarO paaorsnoaaaia. 179-282. Bb )!(HTiH CB.CTb Bb KieBt. 839 (Prudentii Trecensis Ann. ('I.HHaBOBbMOrJlO OCt.

TpynHOCTh aanaca Bb Ilpyneaula 3aKJIIO'IaeTCSI b OObSICHeHiH B roro.D. CTp.Hoti Kb JII1UY pue 60Pb6t MHOrHXb M3CJIt. C JI0 Ba aa BJIanl1Mipa It SlpOCJIaBa oOJlrapCKaro uaps Bopaca. <J>paHKCKaSl MMnepiSi nOCTaBJIeHa cs 60JIte M secswa onaCHblMb HopMaHaMH. 6ynY'lH lllBenaMH. H ('"JJi>. - Taics. AJlb<ppe. 'ITO THTyiJb xaraua 6blJIb nepenecem. C n 6.eCTBeHHO. 1920.D. H60 Y)Ke Bb 844 rony OHIt nOSIBJISIIOTCSI CeBHJlbt. 777 (Pertz.D.D.HTCSIcn'snyiouiaa.ytoW. part.D.. sa KaKb euie caKCOHCKiH BO)K. 110) C'IHTaJJb. HO rOTOBb nYMaTb. 3~) Harald Fairhair and his Ancestors. AK.73). H Cb Ti.D. Imp.C'IHTaeT'b Ka r a Hb npaBHJIbHblMb. Bnanaaipy). CTp.HMb Y 3mHrap. cTp. npHJI.D. .D.D.b 6t)KaTb Kb . T. T.e)KHbl. MHt Ka)KeTCSI.MTeJIb aparosn.D.Y. 777 .a. 158) H "Saxones Nordmanniae convenerunt. A.D.D. Ng 2.b KaKb HanpHMtpb n06i>. ad Sigifridum Danorum repartibus confugium fecit una cum sociis suis". 1865. PSIJI. HOOCTaBHJlb sonpocu OTKPbITblMb..'ITO 3ntCb x ax aa-s cMtlllaHb Cb HMeHeMb I'a s o a-s. Einhardi Ann.a. chacanus v 0 cab u 10 (••• gentem suam.YKHH. Hcnaaia. HH Ha.HBWaSiCSI. confugium 777-Mb 34 rO. 49..D. Vol. xoropsre ceoSi uaausana (It OblJIIt nJISI rpexoss) Rho S'aMIt.I1Mb KOPOJIb CJIOJKHblMb <paKTOPOMb caMblXb Bb aTO BpeMSI 3aHI1MaJII1 Bee 6aJITiHcKoe.D. HJIH BH. OTb HHXb 3ana. Acad. CJlOBaMItrex.TOnHCH 223 HH SnOJIHi> cexpe- sees xonsuesof BO. n r . aanacs Nordmanniae : "Widichindus 3TOTb repartibus ua fecit ."R em a r que s C r i t i que s" ("Kritische Bemerkungen").3aKoHi>H Bnaronara" (T p y n bl. HaYK'b.113b aapars C06blTiSi Sb rpeKH" euie He 6blJlH yxasaule ua ctBepHblSi Mbl HaxO. 220).D. p.ep60pHCKOMb CMr<PPH. I. e. HO BtPOSITHOCTb '1TeHiSic hac a n u s-H a a k 0 n yseJlH'IHRaeTCSI.i> M . e. Ilpyaeauiesn.peBHHMH" nooepexse H Kb naponu..OMb Cb aHrJIaMI1 caxcaan csaepo-aocroxy enackonosn.ee raps M 6iorpa<pa nyrs . M .OMb HaXO. p (3an.POPHKb IOTJ1AHnCKIH H PIOPHKb HA4AJ1bHOH J11.D.'ITO ynoMHHaeMble 3JJ.HenaBHO Bapauews Bb crarst. HMn. 153-155). excepto quod Widochindis reb ellis extitit cum paucis allis .. VI.KYHHKb nOCBSlTHJlb a360py sonpoca 0 Ka r a Hi> H a K0 Hi> noapoouoe H3CJIi>noBaHie. I. HJloBawcKiif ("P 0 3 hICKa Hi SI 0 H a 'I a JIi> P y CH". Feneoaoas ("BapSirH It PYCh".. 'ITO 3TltXb "1t3CJItnoBaTeJleW"MO)KHOnOCTaBItTbBb CBSl3b Cb 3aMhlCJIaMitHopMaHOBb 06b OTKPhlTiH BOCTO'lHarOnyTH Ha MHKJIltrapnb.b.. eCJIIt poca ursenu. A. 'ITO nOHItMaJIb OHb nom. 'ITO 01llH6Ka Bb CJIOBi>sue 0 n u m H 'ITO BMi>CTO "CBe»" HY)KHOnOCTaBHTb"CJlaBSlHe". 156.HO-)KHBYLUHXb CJIaBSlHb.D. He 6blJJH ursenaa« H31> CKaHnHHaBiH. cecrps Cb xenars. EpaBaJIJIt. BbIH. KOJIbueBoi1nyrs H3b Bapars Bb Fpexa euie He 6blJIb HaJIa)KeHb.D.D. aaroposn. Saga-Book. I. noaxoas Kb sonpocy Cb npyroit CTOpOHbl. quos rex illorum Chacanus vocabulo) . " 6blJIb TOTb caMblH 3HaMeHHTblH na. 157. La u r. 1850. Danorum.D.aTCKOMY KOCHr<PPH. ••• ad Sigifridum secsaa KapJIY pomo Kapna Benuxaro. by Sir Henry Howorth. 147. KJIIO'IeBcKii1(K y p c s P Y CCK0 it H 11 CTOP i H. KaKb 6bl 3TOTb sonpocs HH 6blJIb pi>llleHb Bb OKOH'IaTeJlbHOMbCMbICJIi>.KOTOPblH He )KeJIaJIb nO.IJ.OsaTeneti. umenaaa. CTp.lJHHHTbCSI rest OHb 6blJIb npn Cbi>3.b. "HCTO'lHHKH CJIOBa0 . 483-5(5) YKa3blBaeTb aa HMeHOBaHie KaraHaMH aauraxu KHSl3ei1Bnanaxipa H SlpOCJIRBa(Bb 0 x B a Jl t CB..b.D. 'ITO noxaausaert. .D. unum ex primoribus Westfalaorum.b xce. "Afrede".D. Cl1rYP.D.D. 65. Scient.35 6blJIa CHrYP.3Toro ssrnsna nep)KHTCSI npo!l>. p.xb nop's '1aCTOnOBTopSIeTCSI MHtHie (BaOfJIbeBCKHl). Ilapax's. 'ITO Tt mona. 329. qui multorum sibi facinorum conscius. VII. IX. no nOKa3aHiSiMbnopaanom-ceeouoss.. TO noseay HXb BJlantTeJlh x ax a n's ? KapaM3ltHb (I. HJIH XOBOPTa H KYHHKa.nJISI aacs cyw. 6blJII1 CJIaBSlHCKie OTb 3JIb6bl CJIt. Rhos vocari dicebant. Ilns PYCCKOW acropia OHO ItMteTb aaaseaie nOTOMY. I. no MHimito HHKTO HHOtt 6e3now.D.OJI)KeHb 6blJIb xoroparo PMHrb. ibidem. p. BHTeKHH..b nowsuiaert. oxasanacs aa ntJlt g e ntis Sue 0 n u m T.•• " Ann.D. .HbIH nanaxena. et ob id regem veritus..D. Ilom. '1epe3b Poccho (122.ytow. Bb CBoeH JIHUOMb KOTO- lJaCTO npMSO. Bb TaKOMb Cb CJIY'lai>aonpocs onsrs OCTaeTCSI OTKPblTblMb. II.O BMCJlbl. Bull. 11 Cb ". 1924. 850) BblCKa3aHO npeanoaoxeaie. caxcaan.tCb nocnu roeopana OTb naua csoero Ka r a Ha H 'ITO OHH. 34) uN am cuncti ad eum venerunt preeter Wid i chi n dum.'ITO Bb 839 rony. 212) HJlH aoxpyrt..

n. Ad.iH . (Cod. ecrequi OHb CTOJ1KHYJ1CSI co CJ1aBSIHaMI1. et divisit eos in regnum suum ubi voluit".113'b 11CTO P i H CJlaBSI HCKH X'b e p e n aaIKeH i H A. Bosworth Eup o n u KOPOJlSl AJlbcl>pe. npotins HaCKB03b CTpaHY caKCOBb. qui die u n t u r Abo d riti. Feneoaos's ("BapSlrH H PYCb". I1Mn.!l."Friesland tot de elide eeuw".. Chronicon Moissiacense.!l. npHBO.!I. BoeIes. CTOPOHbl. Ilepaonsdrs. 11.OM'bBarHpCKHX'b KHSl3eH3eMJleH n a n s a s r o Hap 0 J1.197. 780 (I. TaKIKe I'eneosoas. pp. And "Tunc domnus Carolus rex . H. Chron. Laur. 1901. MopaBOBb. xorna BI1CJ1bl. BeJ1I1Kiti. ad locum ubi Lippia consurgit. H) "Et inde misit imperator scaras suas in Wimodia et in Hostingabi et in Rosogabi. r. uaauaas HXb "Haefeldan".88 raBOJ1S1Hb.!l. Moiss. 780 (I.n. p. a360p'b B'b C'b P sroro Mi>cTa CM.BeJ1eTbl-J1IOTWH1. et pervenit usque ad supradictum Iluvium." KOHcTaHTHHa Barpaaoponaaro. transduxit foras. CTBeHHblMb XO.y 3J1b60H nepenanu 60.785 (1. . p. 303 (23). 3. CTp. 257.i>npHBO. 'I. et cum eis pars aliqua Frisonum". a. C'b aroro BpeMeHH Bar p ia crana CJlaBSlHCKOH 3eMJleH (Howorth. TaKHMb 06pa30Mb n0J1YlJHJ111BbIXO. "Sclavi BeJ1HKOMY ynanocs rorna nostri. (1. .136-137) npHBO. 1. ibique sino dum tenens.ny BoeHHblMb COlO30Mb Cb 60.ny.n. cum missis domni regis ad iIIos Saxones congregavemnt se in unum". 06~ uiapnue oxpyra Me)I(. inde .95. Moiss. 's-Oravenhage. KaCTopCKiH.a (1). Wnpee.. Ax a n e a ia HaYK'b.i> Rosogavi nOCTaBJleHOBMi>cTORosogabi..n.SlMHcaKCOBb.CKHMI1 . 1839. r..npyroa apaxna. et in ipso itinere omnes Bardongauenses et multi de Nordleudi baptizati sunt . Mopasla. 1865. CM. TaKI1Mb IKe COlO30Mb Me)I(. 'ITO Feaeoaoauws CTaBHTCSI CBSl3b pa3CKa30M'b Jli>TonHcH 0 npH3BaHiH KHSl3eH.87 Ilarrhe. . 42) ""Et tunc rebellati sunt iterum Saxones solito more. 160). M. 'I. TaKIKe "BJliSlHie KapOJlHHrCKOH Ilaaacria aa CJlaBSlHCKiSl nneaeaa". a.CTO.!I. M.ny Cb .. ut iIIam gentem foras patriam transduceret.n. 49. nlOTI1411 6blJ111 COlO3HHKaMI1 caKCOBb Ha3bIBaTb I1Xb CBOHMH.. Cb O. T. Laur.TiSl" . Cn6. 3') nIOTH'IH U - morue. T.!l. Jl. a. J1IOTHlJeH H. 1877.aHaMI1.166). 3~)Profectus inde ad Albiam . Iloronam. 161).n. p.npHlJeH Kapny OKOHlJaTeJ1bHO nOJ1HTHKa BtPHblMb MOPIO pa36HTb naace 3aJIa6cKHXb MaCCOBblXb caKCOBb (TpaHCb-aJ1b6HHrOBb). quam et Sc1avorum qui ulteriorum fluminis rip am incolunt. C. Ann. Kb BOCTOKY OTb 11. CM. HaWI1 60.nPHlJH OKa3aJ1I1Cb na CTOPOHt <ppaHKOBb. anna 804.. 11.n. Pertz. ubi Ora confluit in Albia.I-3. n. Kapm.ro 60. rony nenocpencraenuuaa COCt. 37-97. 70. 192.O XI CTOJlt.npHlJaMb. Albire f1uvii. "HCTOpilO" <PpHCJlaH. 24.IlHT'b BarHpCKOe npenanie 06'b 06J1a. cymeCTBOBaJ1a CTapHHHaSl papoxam.N2 180). ibidem..HTCSI "B(OAa. E in h.n. 1927.HMOeFeaeoaosaws. Ann. a. nonJ1eMeHb.CM. tam ad res Saxonum qui citeriorem.!l. Mt. CTp." 40 Cb HalJHHalOTb di- noaoun. 11 caxcaaa. J. 38) Bosworth.aHiH PO..b Kb CtBepHOMY 11 BKJII1HI1BaJ1HCbMe)I(. a BTO~ pue . Pertz.pwm.HOti CTOPOHbl. H. aTO 060TPl1Tbi no ptKt <ppaHKCKI1Xb XPOHI1Kb. _.uaxoneirs.307). )1(. 1876.. M. ibidem.89 aa 6blJ1H. p.!l. <1>P113bl 6b1J111 OKOHlJaTeJ1bHO noxopeuu M) "OnHcaHie KapJ10Mb BeJ1I1KHMb euie Bb 785-Mb BeJlHKarO".npJ1llaMI1 BO rnae's. 60. CTp.neHHblXb 11 Beaepows 6blJ1H nasanacs Bb uarpany nepeceneala xoropue caKCOBb Bb npyris <ppaHKCKiSi 3eMJ1H.224 "Wylte-OB'b". Cn6.. n n. 70). H Chr o n. Saga-Book. Cb aTHXb nops cintur <ppaHKCKie aaaansi Abodriti. (ccunsa . nee non et iIIos Saxone qui ultra Albiam erant. cTp. P. )1(. "BapSlrH..b nowtuiaeri.. Cb .pyroH. 798.n.!l. Colbertini). 133-139 H 3an. BHCJ1bl.. "BapSlrH H PYCb". ad. componendas operam inpendit«. Ad a.42 pp. nan'se CTpaHY (ptKH) H. B1>J1SIEB'b Ilepsue. IX. Bonpnsa-ooorpnra Bb 780-Mb SlBHJ1CSI 3J1b6t. ibi omniaque disponens tam Saxoniam quam et Sclavos •••" Ann. H <PPI13aMI1 ro. 784.. TaKIKe Howorth. 11. HHTepeCHO H no conocrasneaiio C'b CJ10BaMH reJIbMOJlb. A. rJ1HHSlHb (J1HHOHOBb) 11npyraxt. PYCb H 5aJlTiHCKie CJlaBSlHe".. 0 HMeHHp. 71.!l. VI...n. I.OMb C06b1TiH. . 17-60. ibidem.86 H.a 0 Barupcxoa MapKt.41 IOTJ1aH. CTp. AJ1b<ppe. KaKb CKa3aHO. Ad.0) "Et interim congregati sunt Sci a v i nos t r i. n06tIK.

n.p01I. Euie 60JIte onacuoa yrpoaoji 1I.CPPI1. CblHOMb Fapansna Fnm. A. 44) Ibidem.HOti H3b HXb rJIaBHblXb KOJIOHiti. I.n.CTBt I1Mnepil1 113BtCTHYIO yrpoay c06CTBeHHoi1 He3aBI1CI1MOCTI1. I.Il.Il.HOi1CTOpOHbJ.n. Cb O.npl16blJIb (OKOJIO 782-f01I. "Godrodr inn GaofogJati" ntcHH 06b VlHrJIHHraXb (VlHrJII1Hra-TaJIb). Ingli n gaS ag a. Ilepaue ronu nesararo Bi>Ka.a. cocpenorosaaaaurelics Bb CKI1PI1HfeCl.) ynoMI1HaeTCSI nocJIi>.n.io pt'lHblMb.43 TaKb KaKb OHO. He 03HaMeHOBaJII1CbHI1KaKI1MI1 Bpa)l(.e611 (ll. .a CKiOJIbnynrom. "Pages of Early Danish History".46 Bb Hei1 nOBi>cTByeTcSI. COI03HI111 KOBb cppaHKOBb.n. xorna Kapm. a 3aTtMb.e 11 npnHI1MaTb Kb ce6i> aa eJIY)J{6y 113fOHSleMblXbBO)l(. Cl1rcpPI11I.tTb Bb CJII1WKOMb 6JII13KOMb COct1I.i> Bb MYHKb 11XOBOPTb44 BH1I. Bb OTBi>Tb I1Mneparops nOCJIaJIb csoero csma Kapna Cb Ui>JIOH apMieti na BeJIeTOBb. London..neraua 11 OTUOMb Fapansna KJIaKa. 246-248..Il. n03TOMY nOTep51 CPPl13aMHcaMOCTOSlTeJ1bHOCTI1 nOSlBJIeHie na Beaepfs 60.SlTbrY1I.ttiCTBiSlMI1co CTOPOHbl Ilauia.OKOJIO nsnrsumaro I'iepcrana. PSl.b(Carypm.llaHb.1 PIOPI1Kb HA4AJIbHOH JI1iTOnI1CJ. y oepercm.n.n..n.HbIMb· n06epe)l(beMb CKaH1I.Il.lneaears) sacn. Saga Library. by O.n. 3TOTb "Northmannorum dux Alfdeni dictus" 47 6blJIb.n.eCTBeHHbIMb 1106J1a.a VI Hrmmra.b.noprs Pbl6e HaXO. 15 .n. 263 (19). p.Hiti pas's aHHaJIaMI1 Bb 797-Mb ro1I. Oxford.JISIOaJITI1KI1 113b fOJIJIaH. nOSlBJIeHie Bb tOTJIaH.OJI)I(HO6blJIO nOKa3aTbCSIJlaHil1 noasnenie 60.POPJ. 65 11 npunoxenie II.apCTBaMI1.t 3HaMeHl1ra51 511pKa na oaeps MeJIJIapb 6blJIa 01I.n. 3TOMb ro.il1.lll1MOMYBb HaLJaJ1t raJIbcp. KOTOPbli1 no CMepTI1 caoero orua Hariam-na nepeCeJII1JICSI CHaLJaJ1a b Bepaenanm. 807.Il. 250. 4~) "Corp u s Poeticu m Bo re a l e". York Powell. Cb npyrott CTOPOHbl. 11 rosapa OTTY. reMMI1Hra 11POpI1Ka. .b Ha6troBb na oKpaHHbl I1MnepiH.n. Ko BpeMeHI1 I'ynpona Becrrponsncsoe KOpOJ1eBCTBOcrane BeCbMa Moryw. Saga-Book. r.n. IX.J1S1 uananeuis na HMnepilO eMY npe.e6HblMI1 . 189311Anti q u it e s Ru s s e s.e611 (WJIe3Bl1ra) 11Pb16e. LJTO Fynpom. Y. r1I. I1Xb n01I.Il. Bb 3TOH 60Pb6i> cppaHKI1 CTaJ111 npoeonars nOJII1THKYnaaars y6i>)I(I1w..cTaBI1J1CSI 808-Mb rony.ilO OTb COlO3HI1KOBb caKCOBb na MaTepI1Ki>..n.il1.llOJI)I(HO 6blJ10 CI1JIbHO BCTpeBO)l(l1Tb Fynpona.OMb.il1. 11O. COlO3HHKOBb rY1I.raJTbcp.n. onuaxo. a 3aTtMb Bb Becrrpomcrs.Y. I. nOBl1. Storm.1 225 TaKb KaKb OHI1 BeJII1 3HaLJI1TeJIbHYlOMOPCKYIOTOprOBJIIO He rOJIbKO Cb 3ana1I.il1 I'ynpona VlHfJII1Hra 03HaLJaJI0 113rHaHie orTY1I.llpI1LJei1.1Kb IOTJIAHD.OCTaBJlSlJII1Cb Bb fa. 340 . ad a. II.aJIo UBtryw. Pertz.l1bHi>i1wi51 n01I. xoropue rOTOBbl 6blJII1 BI1. 46) "H ei msk ringl a".i> cooouiaers VlHrJII1Hra-Cara CHOPPI1CTYPJIycoHa.aBHaCBSl3aHbJ Cb CKaH1I.eti H npereanenroa's na npecrom-.l:J1t. a.a) Kb I1Mneparopy H nOJIYLJHJIbBb JIeHb crpany CPPI130Bb. Cb npyrotl.I1HaBil1~ HO 11 Cb 5 aJIrl1KOti. .45 Jla. 47) "Poeta Saxo.. p.a. v.CKIH J.n. orp'ssano tOTJIaH. pp. I1Xb roproaue I1HTepeCbI 6blJII1 1131I. ynoMI1HaeTCSI yxe npyroa KOPOJIb.llaHb SlBJISlJICSI 43) a I'anneo» (Haddeby) 11 Pbl6e (Ribe) CM.Il. Sag aBoo k. Vigfusson and f.I1JICSIna aananaoas 6epery lOTJIaH. OCJ10B ¢iop.n.p01I. 6blJIb BHYKOMb nocn'snnsro yncanscxaro VlHrJII1Hra Onarpa-Ilpoaocsxa.p01I.n. V.lll1Hb 113b HI1Xb.I1HaBCKI1MI1 roCY1I.pl1LJetiB6JII1311 ra.CPPI1. '1aCTblO CYXI1Mb nyrews.p06HOCTI1 0 rY1I. p. CTaBI1JIO non's ynap's MOPCKiSlcooriutenla Cb cppl13aMH 11Cb 6aJITiticKI1Mb nooepexsews. Bb 804-Mb.pHLJei1 11 3aTi>Mb npennpansm. v. AHrJIil1 11 <l>paHu.LJI1HeHie cppaHKaMb He MOrJIO He 3aCTaBI1Tb HaCTOpO)l(I1TbC5I HopMaHOBb. p.n.n.06HbIH cJ1YLJati .a. D.eti TOprOBJIeti Cb WJIe3BI1fOMb 11JlopeCTa1I. no Beeti BtPOSlTHOCTH. 1883.BeBb J1I1Kiti6blJIb Bb Aaxeirs: OHb HaLJaJTb uananenis H onycrourenis Cb crpanu 601I. rO.

.HOBpeMeHHo. 25-351. ad a. . Y)I(e Bb 810-Mb rony Iynpom.Il. 197. 11 "filii 52 BblHY)I(.ll.Il.. POPHKOMb- Fynpona. nlO. ad a..Il.Il.OBaJIHBb .HHb 6t)l(eHeUb O. 813. BeJlI1Ko-JltnHblSI pt3HbISI yxpaurenls cynaa 11 "caHei1" nann B03MO)l(HOCTbDr. 202). a nOTOMb 11 ua caMYIO I1MnepilO." .ll. Codofridi" H CKioJIb..ll.3Btpl1HarO CTHJlSI"Bb anoxy BHKI1HrOBbVIII-IX BtKOBb. Pertz. KaKb Mbl YBl1. Oaeoeprcsows Kopa6Jlt. eMY HaCJItH Kapm. pp.ll. p'suiaercs yrpoxars HO nertocpencrsennaa nom.50 KaKb CO CMepTilO ero 6bl TO HH 6bIJIO. excepto rebeIlis Widochindus. npa )I(H3Hl1 Kapna I'epaanin nepecrarors JIe)l(HTb Bb paseannuavs crpaunrrscs . Pertz. Ann.. 12-56) 11pacnpeirsmrn. "Remarques Critiques".450(19-21) I.I.ll.aHa H CHrYPJl. 250.HlIeHCb CHJIbHblMb rona 60. Faponsnowi.a Fapansnows . 4Y) Flpa 3TOMb CJlY4at Y I'ynpona 6bIJIb <pJIOTb 113b Jl. )I(eHoH.'" ducentarum naviurn. etiam iIIuc convenerunt Nordmanni missi Sigifridi regis.Il.HSlrO 6blJIb npHHY)I(. id est Halptani cum sociis suis".CTBiH.ll.Il. 810. 782.O 828 rona. nnonu: aananenia COpO. Pertz. ad a. I.• et audivit et absolvit". 782..ll.b Ha6troBb 60JIbWaSl sacrs renepeunteji ocpyumsaercs na <l>PH3ilO H noxa Kb crpauy ·pHlIeti.ll.51 nasuraro ynapow» y6itiUbl. csacrse cpaxenls Bb BeCT<pOJIb. Pertz.A3a MCTHna Fynpony aa y6iHcTBO orua H 6paTa..200). Ann. 201) 11 ad a.. pacnps nepeHOCI1TCSl TY. 815 11 817 (p. npeKpaCHOBOJIOCbli1 HOpBe)I(CKii1. T.iH. . Ein hard j Vita Karo Ii Imp er ato ris. 11 KOHUOBb.eHbl 6t)l(aTb npOI1CXO. ~3)Ibidem.POJl. H.53 HO.. ~2) Einh.Il.3TOMb 3BaHiH ero CblHOBbSl Fapansm...Il. pp. Cnepsa onepxasaior's sepxt. 162. p.ll.b BeJIHKOJItnHbIH noaeprnyr-s H3MtH0i1 11 cwepTeJIbHaSIHeHaBHCTb npeJl. 0 cMepTH Fynpona : "fYJl. 54 H CJItJl. I.ll.) "QuorutJI Rex Godefridus adeo vana spe in flatus erat.a.. CKiOJIb. I.tJl. E i n h. 163.O)l(I1Jla Jl.aTeJIbCTBOMb noryoana KOPOJISI".Il. nOB03KI1 11 Jl. ua <l>pl13ilO H pa30pHJIb HMnepiH BCIO crpany.A3a Jl. 61>JISI E So 6paTa CHr<PPH. CM. wory- 11.BYXCOTbCYJl. I. ad a.ll...ll.Il.. 814 (ibidem.YHrH BHYKaMI1 I'apansna I'ansneraua.Il. T.. 150. OpHaMeHTauiSI caaea. . de Nordmannia Frisium appulisse . ". La u r. nOJIHTHKa <ppaHKcKoti uaxana Banucepirs 11Ilopecrairs nOSlBJISleTCSl O. I1Xb no pa3HbIMb "WKOJIaMb". eSI BJIisIHieMbCbIHb I'ansdmana 6blJlb 19 Ha3BaHb Bb 4eCTb Jl.Il.Il. ad a.I1HaBilO. ~l) "Corpus Poeticum Boreale". Fansqinam.YHraMH. p. BeJIHKiH 11. ntHHTeJIb HMnepiH ua- . Cb 810-ro KOHYHrb sa .ll. nom.Il.JII1TeJIbHaSlpacnpa Me)l(.e)l(HblMb OnJIOTOMb MOpCKOrO n06epe)l(bSl <pJIOTOMb uanamBb Bb .w npl1HOCHTb CBOH cnepsa nop's.ilO. CTaHeTb <l>pHCJIaH. ut sibi totius Germaniae promitteret potestatem".OBb: .CTBiH. BnOCJIt. 11. KYHHKb. 813 (Pertz. 810.HMbnarrse.a 48 H nOCJIt CMepTH no- CJIt..3TO Fapansm. BHOBb pasropaerca .OTtXb <l>paHuiH H aanannotl BeJIHKarO HopMaHbI cepenaaf IX ero Ilaxe uiecraa. .. CblHOBbSlMH H.lbidem. 3aTtMb OHa BepHYJIaCb Bb csoe pOJl.BtKa.O 850 rona 116bIJla noxopoaeua Bb Oaeoeprs. Shetelig aanacars utJlYIO MOuorpadiiro 0 "Qeen . X. ClIHTaJIH TaKYIO noMOpeH. regis Danorum •.xoponeea A3bI naer's SIPKYIO HJlJ1lOCTpauilOpa3BHTiSI . aa oCHoBaHiH aroro MtcTa. " Einh. reMMI1HrOMb..t.. S1BJISleTCSI nepausn.Il. Ha3.S1Tb naxe Bb CKaH. OKOJIOTyacriepra.Boo k IV.MeHHbIMb. Fynpom. caMOMY HMnepaTOPY Bb ero onaCHOCTb HMnepiH ornanaeri.226 nOCJIOMb CBOerO nsoroponaaro HMnepCKHMb "MapKrpa<pOMb" H. Einh.a..Vanissimaspe victoriae inllatus . H. sro BHKHHroBb.. POpHKb.tHcTBI1TeJIbHOCTH.. BbICKa3bIBaeTb noranxy o TO)l(eCTBt faJIb<pJl.PYrHXb npenxerom.). 200 [c. OTKPbITOMbBb 1904 rony (S a g a . HOpMaHb.sa's Sculptors" (Saga-Book. -rro CTOJIHUt. 1.PyrHMb. TaK)I(e "Ubi inter cetera negotia etiam legatos Sigifridi. 3aTtMb. Ann.eHb nOKHHYTb lOTJIaH.Inglinga-talTaKb ncatcrsye'n. Bb csoef "SIXTt".1l.A. ~.OBOe KHSI)I(eCTBO Arnep» H uapCTBOBaJIa TaMb Jl.Y I1HrJIHHraMH. xorna eSI CbIHYI'ansdmauy HCnOJIHHJIOCb n.ll. Bb KOHut 48) "Ibique omnes Saxones venientes. Fynpona. pSl. Pertz. Ad a. CTaHOBHTCSlCTOJIb Ha. no CJIOBaMb arHHrap.a - CHrYP. Ann.OBHKb Bnarouecrusun OTb JIHTHKY npaBHJIbHOH H paClIHTbIBaJIH.Il. 197 (35). nonocnanuaro reneps MCTHTeJIbHOH A30ti. Ann.a. ad a. BnOCJIt. "ntcHb VlHrJIHHrOBb".

p. Utrecht.llaHiH. CJ1t. xpacrtaacraa enacxony 360 uiart- CTOHJ1b eMY J.. Bb xpacriancrso sarmceti CBHTOH.JHO H sepesi.. v. ad a. Ibidem." (Incipit Libellus continens vitam vel gesta seu obitum domni Anskarii primi nordalbingorum archiepiscopi.ny JI. London. pp. IX. H CblHb rYJI. "Harald fairhair". . nacs nourna utJlaSl n03Ma MOHaxa noapoouuxt.no ~4) "V ita San cti An skarii a Ri m be rto et al io dis cip ulo An s k arii co n s c r ip t a. eCJlH 6b1 H roro >Ke Eora. Xant. -» Vita HI udowici Imp:" Ibidem. ibidem. f.I1Mb 06pa30Mb csoea "Vita Sancti Anskarii": ". >Ke CTpaHb". 58) Sequenti vero anna erat in palatio regio lngilenheim. Bb xpOHHKaxb. \ITO BJlaCTSOBaBwii1 Ha.nHHaBiH.1conyrxmcs CB. Taxs.n!ppH. Kpeuienle npnnnum. xpHCTiaHCTBO.naJ1b xpacriaacxia npneecra xpeuienis. 11." lnnsbruck. pp. Ancrapis. . Moll.npY>K6a.1Bb 3TOTb -rro I'apansm. Hanpl1Mtpb. 1. xorna 6b1 aa nOMOllJ. 15* Hi . HenOJI. 692.il1 J. 694. Ch r o n ic o n Nortmannorum. a TaK>Ke nOTOMY.JT06bI CBOHMb KOpOJleSCTBOMb". UI1TaTbl Vita Sancti Anskarii H3b npasenexu no nepesony C. 1908. p.nYlOllI. pp. OXOTHte npnuan. 325.na.t asropa Viking Society "Rorik of Jutland and Rurik of the Russian Chronicles". PI1M6epTb. HaCKOJ1bKO MO>KHO CYJI.57 rnyooxo xpaaa CB. "Die Re g e s t e n des Kaiserreichs unter den Karolingern. ad a.Il. 689-725 (cit. 11 "JlHl. 1834. p. aunanaws. Me>K. Pertz..OJl>KaeTb OCTaBaTbCSI He COBctMb J1eHHbIMb. 38. "Die V 0 rref 0 r mat 0 r i s c h e K i r c hen g esc hie h ted erN i e d e r I and e". 56) Ibidem. Fapansm. paapsuram. ero "l..nOBHKY J.>KepTBoi1 H 6blJlb H3rHaHb H3b CBOHXb sJla. et cum legatis suis dimisit eum ire cum pace. sro I1MeHHO YlleHI1Kb J.nbIBanl1 Kb ooparuenuo. Ann.o5 nlOJI.326. the Ap o s t l e of th eN orth". Pertz. Bb 823-Mb Bb IO>KHOH tOTJlaHJI..Il. 826.. quem domnus i mperator elevavit de sacro fonte baptismatis .W. 225..nOi1 H YChIHOBHJlb ero" . II. CKiOJlbllYHrH Illneasar-s. Leipzig.57. 1895. \ITO· HaKOHeUb ••• eMY ynanocs 6hIJlb OMbITb CBSITOHBO. Kruze.. ~5) Ibidem. no 6bl onsoro OHb (I'apansn's) (fllO. ero owl.8 . ad a:826. scnoe yxaaante na pacnpio Fapansnows Fapansm.pOJI.b CBOJ. Bohmer.nb xacrsio nauos's. Cb ChIHOMb (I1J1H CbIHOBbSlMH) H Cb 6paTOMb BceH ceMbei1 H.OBHKa 6blJlb r.Bb . 210. 06a HapOJI. "npOCBtTHTeJlSl cfsaepa". Bb i-1HreJ1bxetiMt. I. Bb ero Ilanla 11CKaH. H.Einhardi Annales. 98.1MeHHI'apansm-. H60 noaouur..nPYrHXb TtcHaSl nlO. 1920.nOBHKb) 6blJ1b ero BocnpieMHHKOMb MaHHua. Tunc domnus imperator magnam partem fresonum dedit ei et honorificis donis ornavit eum." Thegani Vita udo wici Imp er a toris. H.56 y fllOJI.OJ1)KaIOTb nepxarscs H3BtCTHO.HTb no JI.Il.a HcnoBt.POPHKb IOTJ1AHnCKIH H PIOPHKb HA\lAJ1bHOH J11HOnHCH 227 onpentinononry npo- nepexonar's .oKOJlO Cb 60JlbWOt( nOpa3HJlO POCKOWHblH neopeirs PeHHOMb. et ibi ad eum venit Heriolt de Danais. p. rawsnponoafsm. Mb6aHa..llaJ1te npOH30WJlO. et legati sanctae sedis Apostolicae ad Sueones seu Danos n e c non etiam Slav os et reliquas gentes in aquilonis partibus sub pagano adhuc ritu constitutas). caMb nponcxonano nam. . 214.ntHiH Me>K.Il.Sir Henry Howorth.nt npuurem. . "D e N oorma nn en in N ederl and".597 (33). 1921: npHBO. onsrs OrnpaBHJlCSI Kb I1MnepaTOpy oanan'sn. Robinson'a: "An sk a r.PY3bSlMb.OKJIa.. . SagaBook. H. Cb >KeHotl.OBHKb y6t>K.ep)l(KI1 nepeseneasr asropows no TeKcTYP06HHcoHa 11 cBtpeHbl Cb TeKCTOMb Vita. cram.ny HHMH YCTaHOBHJlaCb 6b1 60Jlte aapom. See also J. Saga-Book.13b CBOI1X'h IOTJ1aH.tHii1.pyrHMH KOH CbI- HeHaBI1CTH H npenarenscrsa HOBbSlMH rO.. nocpencrso .HMbISI PyccKiSiBbI. 267-297.aJleKY OTb POpHKOMb.1npocam.1Kb CTaHOBI1TCSI OpOJleMb K He MeHte nonoxenle npOJI. M 0 n u men t a.13rt1aHiSi J. 694). rony.a 3pJ.ncKHxb BJlaJI. TtMb na CTOPOHY I1HrJ1HHrOBb. H. MHccioHepcKHXb cTpaHCTBOBaHiSlXb no onacusaer-s KOPOJlb no pOmIMI1 TtXb y Hero rorna 3TJ.826.1 C06bITiSi Sb J.54. KPOMt Odpatueaie csaepuaro BJlaCTHTeJlSl co aooopaxeule cOBpeMeHHHKOBb. X. Regesta Imperii. II. 51) Van Bolhuis. PeHHY na CTa cynaxt-.1Mb JI. B03MO>KHO.

n05lBHJlC5I y . Tree. eMY "CHalJana He ynanocs Ml1pHbIMb nyrews oanarrsrs CBOHMb l<0pOJleBCTBOMb" H npaurnocs aanepxarscs Bb Pycrpanreirs. 101 H W.e"." Lib.llI1<pI1.. TaKHMb 06pa30Mb I'apansny npHWJlOCb 060CHOBaTbC5I Bb caoews HOBOMb pyCTpl1HreHCKOMb "y.ll.Bb 834. lJTO AHCKapiii OrnpaBI1JlCSI Bb 826-Mb rony Bb WJle3BI1rb (I'anaeria) 113b Ilopecrana 11 nea CJlt. 126-128) paaonpaercs sonpocs.Loca vinifera". AHH cxapis orwsxeno. 1920..HHJKeCCblJlKI1 N2N2 (159) H ynoaaaaaie anrepecao Bb CBSl3H caraxa Cb o Vi n I a n d'i. I. ad a. aao nOJIHOe onucaaie xpeuienis. 467. II. cuius vocabulum est Riustri. xorna narsaue TaK)Ke cO)KrJlI1 AHTBepneHb. . p..lltJlt". tuto recipere posset. TaKJKeHoworth.uanacrs aa . Taict.lltticTBI1TeJlbHO.68 npHBO. "La Decouverte de I'Amerique par les Normands. aliquam partem ex ilia devastavit.TaKI1Mb 06pa30Mb. ibidem. (173). 63) E i n h. 827.UI1Mb MbI 11Y Terana. omnia diripuerunt".i. ad a. 40].61 Bt.. V. lJTO trsnuo nO)KaJlOBaHi51PYCTpl1HreHa 6b1Jl0.llI1MOMYovesnnua cawaro xpeuieuia.llaTCKI1Xb npentinax's..!J. II.I1Xb rona OCTaBaJlCSIBb . Berlin. p. 1906. p. y caMblXb rpaaairs tOrJlaH. nOBI1.629 [39. 11. nOCB5Ill. 6blJlb YCTpaHeHb CblHOBbSlMHI'ynpona orb coswscruaro Cb HI1MH ynpasnenis rocynapcreows: "filii videlicet Godofridi. Paris. Pertz. r. 60. 90-96. Herioldum de consortio regni eicientes .0 Pycrpaarerrs CM.. Bb conpoaoxneuia Aacxapis. An n. Taxoe nonoxeuie .lltt1cTBI1TeJlbHO.ll. Kruze.llOJl)KHO 6blJl0 Ka3arbC5I CblHOBb5lMb Fynpona lJpeBarblMb onacHbIMI1 nOCJlt.228 3pMOJlb.llHaKO.ll. r. I'apansm.llb I1Xb "npep nynpenarensuuxt. xorna I'apansm.O.Ua H.. TaKJKe C. 62) "Vita St. HaMb 113BtcrHO. 11sacrs ero npe)KHI1Xb BJla.835 11 836 rony.llP06HOMY onncauho C06bITi5l.. 630. ". HO 11 ace nooepexse orb OCTpOBa Banskepeua y Illcm..696. Anskarii".HKYIO Jl03y. et inde per Vetus-Traiectum ad emporium quod vocatur Do restad u s venientes.ogel.llYtOIl. 1924. Ann.I. HaHrl1 raMb y6t)Kl1ll. In "Thegani V it a HI u dow i c i Imp era tor i s": "Tunc domnus imperator magnam partern Fresonum dedit ei". 0 "vinvidr . nonsepraercs uananenisw» nonpam. eM. eM.lla. si neeessitas exigeret.p06HOpa306paHbi n Sir Henry Howorth'OMb Bb "Harald Fairhair". 834.a." Vita HI udow ici Imp. I'apansny npl1Mopcl<iH oxpyrs P Y CT P 11 r e Hb Bb <l>pl13il160 11BI1HOrpa.11. ero 6paTbeBb reMMI1Hra 11 POpl1Ka 0I<a3bIBaJlC5I He TOJlbKO pycrpaareacxia "ray". 3TO coosrrie Hero anasenle nO.a.. II.ll. y 3pMOJlb. C h ron i con Nor t man nor u m. 3TO .ll. KPOMt roro I1MnepaTopb noxanoaam. nOBI1..11 ero )KeHa nOJlYlJl1JlI1 irtuuue nonapxa OTb Jhononnsa 11 MOJlO. BKJltOlJa5l. Bb rnaat. 60) "Dedit ei quendam comitatum in Fresia. ibidem. MOrJlHJlH aopaaaa Bb cssep. Langlois.vinber" (pp.. Bb ero "Vita Hludowici".. H. III. 04) "Danis veniens in Frisiam. eM. "eCJlI1 6bI TO OKa3aJlOCb He06xo.llept. no H3Btcri5lMb y 3nfHrap.69 Fapansm. 826.Bb sunepxxax» 113b KHl1rbIII 11IV 3pMOJlb. secsaa CKOPO HalJl1HaeTCSI Sl.. Ilopecram. "Die Normannen un d das Fr a n kl s c h e Reich".I1MbIMb.nu 11 no narcxotl rpanauu ua 3ii. II.ll.Pertz. )l(I1Til1 CB.. P rud.llil1. Hal160Jlte Ba)KHOe. 597 (27)." Ha6troBb na Ilopecrairs. Ibidem.lltHi~ Bb WJle3BHrt. Pertz. npotxaBb Jlopecram-. and IV. Bo BC5IKOMb cnysa's.64 Bb 837-Mb ro.llHMOMY. T.i. Bb ero pyxaxs H Bb pyxaxt. IX. HO 11 naaoon'se YSl3BI1Moe anan'snie I'apansna. 216.I..llaTCI<HXb 6eperoBb. non's BJlaCTitO CKiOJlnyura.aHieH rocynapcrso. quo se suosque.. 06pa30BaJlOCb apaxneouoe 11conepnnsarouiee Cb J1. ~1) .eHHa51on . s s n 51EBb Hurennyca. pp.llHI1I<I1ua PeHHt.62 TO)Ke canoe 3aMtlJaHie HaXO.llCTBiSlMI1.lly ~g) In Honorem Hludowici Christianissimi Caesaris Augusti Ermoldi Nigelli exulis elegiaci car minis Iiber incipit p r im u s.llOti )KeHbl ero to. Saga-Book.1. ad a. Pertz. AMepHKi.lll1rC5I y Hero..

. lJTO . ad a. 604.II..n.UHaKO cawas B03MO)KHOCTb nonoonaro Cb HaCJIt.UaBHSlSlMHrJIHHrO~ 3a pacnps.POPHKb IOTJlAH. fuld. nOBtcTBOBaHie A. . Fapansna feMMHHra. Prud.aMa5peMeHcKaro OCHOBaHO. 834.45. J1JO. 65) Ann.ocooeaao.II. reversi sunt".O834 rona. ad a. apHKb. pp. nasas . ad a.360. HeBOJIbHO npHXOJl. 4YBcTByeTcSf y.II. xoroparo "Dux Christianissimusv.. . C. Thegani Vita Hludowici Imp. Y4aCTBOBaBwie B'b Ha6trt.t reneps HaXO. Scriptorum VII..KpY3e . I. I. Ann. P.CKIH H PIOPHKb HA4AJlbHOH J1oTOnHCH 229 OHI1 pa3rpa6HJIH JItTomlCH Bansxepem. ad Dores tad u m eadem furia pervenerunt. )[(e C Ii 102.npIiHa. 6ypeH. 's-Gravenhage..Ubl BeJII1KarO noxaasmaer's.68 xyxe l1 xyxe : TaK)Ke 60JIte 3aTpY. HO nOCJIt 828 rO.I. 86) "rIIi vero Danai nave venientes ad unam sedictionem.eHiS! HopMaHOBb ero HMnepil1 Bb nocrrsnuie CMepTl1 uapcraoaanis nonoxenle CTaJIO eraHOBl1TbCS! 11 60JIte. o aaaseaia Ilopecrana CM..UOJI)I(HaeMY npHHa. 6B) Ruodolfi fuldensis Ann. II.HMH CbIHOBbS!MI1l13b sa nepen'snom.IiMOMY.Mag. Xant. 226. 366 (25). 10).). II.UYTb CYPOBO naxaaanu..II. 98. 604. TaKJKeAnn.UOBl1Ka.432 (16-18).. 116 Ii 120. Pertz. ad a."Nordmanni And w e r pam civitatem incendunt".835.Jle)((aJl'b POPIiKYerne . . . Pertz.UcTBa. 838. 834).67 Ilonoxeate J1JO. ad a. -" Tempestate Nordmanni . p.UOCTbJO. I. dux Christianissimus ..I. 360. Ilopecram. 139.292 (1). Ann. <t>paHKcKie auuanst Ha3b1Ba1OT'bro "N 0 min at iss i mum Vie u m" e (Ann. TtMb He MeHte OHb oraeprs oopanam.UnOJIO)KHTb.ep)((IiTCSI MHtHiSl. ll. .II..!I. MO)l(HO npe. pp.66-68. 836 and 837.UHHTeJIbHO. II.UHl1KOMb Kapna rO. Trajeckt. ad a. A. II.II."f rie s Iand tot dee I f dee e u w. i bid e m.. Ib ide m. 6traxb na cppH3cKoe 839 r. 220-222. 226. 430. 836. Adami Gesta Hammenburgensis Ec c l e s ia l Pontifieum. nOCJIt Mbl apl1Ka Cb TBep.II. Pertz. 10 e 0 cit. nOBIi. ~TIiM'b rpycTHbiM'b nOBtcTBOBaHieM'b rpafiexax» Ii paaoosxs 3aKaH'IIiSaeT'b 0 Teraas CBOIOVita HI udowiei. Belaiew. 837.U06POBOJIbHO HJIH CHJIOH. Pertz.. p. et ibi cecidit Hemminch qui erat ex stirpe Danorurn.. O. acceptoque a Frlsonibus tributo.'ITO Ilopecram.a (C h ron i eon." Bb 838 rony OHH CHOBa onycrouiaiors Ilopecram. I. KaKb rpeooaanle npecnoxt.UHI1TeJIbHbIMb CTaJIO l1 nonoxenie Fapansna 11. Boeles. "..HTb He)KeJIH . POpI1Ka.. <1>PH3iSlH crpana nepenaau. 060TPHTOBb 6blJIH eMY HO BMtCTt KHHfH. 835. npliM. Vita Gregorii abb. .UOJI)KHOJIe)KaTb Bb OCHOBt 3THX'b C06bITiH. Ilopecram.291 (40).. H. ua TaKOM'b nOHIiMaHili 06bITiH.. 361... Xant. nOHSlTb. .r. BOBJIeKaSl HopMaHOBb Bb eBOIO pacnpio l1Xb Kb pa36oHHl1lJbl1Mb eb 6paTbSlMH..UOBHKaBb 3TO BpeMSI 6blJIO lJpe3BbllJaHHO 3aTpY. ad a. CblHb I'ynpona H BepXOBHblH BJIa~ crnrens rpeoyer-s.II. Howorth..."Normanni tributum exactantes in W a I c h ram insulam venerunt ..roro JKeMHtHiSi. ibidem.l09-110. nocunaer's lJT06bl Kb JIJO. HaxO. 6Y. Pertz. Tree."Nordmanni Dorestadum vastaverunt". HO <1>PH3iSl .UoBaTeJIbHOCTb Bb 3THXb Ha~ nooepexse 60JIte H HMeHHO ua na MbICJIb. 1. T. 1. nonxynam..II. 0 pasopeain Ilopecrana CM.. I. Taks.tJIaJIb POKOBOH HXb urar's.UOBHKYnOCOJIbCTBO Cb H3BtmeHieMb. HaCJIt. ibidem. ad a. pp.UI1JICSI nocToSlHHOH 60Pb6t Bb co CBOHMHcrapll.N. et D 0 res tad u m vastaverunt. Xant. 0 KOTOPOMb reneps HalJl1HaeMb CJIblWaTb Bee 60JIte Ha6traMb J10Tapb c. OHb Hat{aJl'b nO. 850. 1bid e m. "Q u e n t 0 vie e t Do r e ~ s t a d" (73).UJIe)l(aTb. et interfeeerunt ibi innumerabilem multitudenim ehristianorum. He 6e3b iu JI a OCHOBaHiSl. HO Bb HX'b CPJIOT'bpascsam. TOJIbKO 4TO lJTO BH~ Cb 3THMb SlCHO Ilopecram.ep)((HTCSISir Henry Howorth. pp.430 (8-14).UaHiH.II. 837. Einh. lJTO HtlJTO CKioJIbJlYHrOBCKaSf rOB JI JO 11 3 a ynoMSlHYTblXb )KH3HeHHOe H saxuoe.raxtKaKb euie Cb 829~ro rona OHb HaXO. Pertz. 1927. 6') Prudentii Treeensis Ann.IiJlCSI HIi)((HeM'b ua PeHHt (Oude Rhyn) TaM'b. vicum famosum Dorstad (Lindger. Vogel. lJTO 60 P b 6 a <p p H 3 CK i Sf Ha6troBb na cP p H 3 CK Y JO nOCJIt T 0 p- TOp rOB bl Sf no Ce JI e H iSf. 837.UCTpe- xars na eBOHXb eOnepHI1KOBb. J. 428.UI1BHTeJIbHaSfHaCTOHlJHBOCTb11 nOCJIt. Pertz..IiTCSI ceneaie Wyk te Doorestede. 65 H YMepTBI1JIH 6paTa Ha3blBaJOTb "XpHcTiaHHtHWI1Mb". ada.

ad a.: y Sir Henry Howorth.. HO B"b aHHaJIaX"b Mbl nOlfTI1 scerna POPI1K"b BO Paruapa Jlonopoxa BCTpi>lfaeM"b 11 I1MSI POpI1Ka. SlCHO. Keary.oBb BI1KI1HrOBb naaa Y C.y (Bb . nonaraers. Taxs B"b 845 ronv rnasf q)JlOTa 113"b 600 B"b TOM"b )J(e rony OH"b BO <1>paHuil1 11 TaM"b BO BpeMSI 6~) Prudent. T.cTOJItTil1 ropona. p. 1928). I. no CJIOBaM"bJItTOnl1Cua .n. raxt. Ruod. 441 (26-28).IlOBI1KY repMaHCKOMY. TaMb r.Ila)J{e pasp'suram. Pertz.YlOwiSi. oonanaeurle 113BtCTHblMI1 npasaau. 845.. 1906. 86-120 11Y W. Chronicon de Gestis Normannorum in francia. CY. npO. ibidem.Danlgenarum 3TH non exercere". 70) Ruod. 249).BYXb UHTaTb TaK)Ke nexaauaaers. aosnam. asropa TaMb-)Ke. xorna JII1111I1TbPOpl1Ka . HO Keary (ibide m. ad a. "au se trouvait . T r e c.n. HOCI1JII1I1MSISt a pie. orser-s Bb Te l e g r a m m e du Pas-de-Calais.. 80 11CJIt.1ll1MOMY OH"b 6bIJI"b B"b lfl1CJIt ornaeuraxu. 366.IlaMI1 6bIJIO ony6bIJI"b B3SIT"b 30BbIBaeT"b CBOI1CI1JIbI rnf TO Bb HI1)J(HeHCaKCOHil1. a B"b 845-M"b rony 06blKHOBeHHO 11snaaenararo na <1>paHuilO. pp. manu POpl1Ka coepit piraticam Cnepsa OH"b OpraHI1npO. 61>n5IEBb B"b npe)J{HIOIO Sl3bIlfeCKYIO Btpy. 839 r. ConOCTaBJIeHie 3TI1Xb . 845.70 3aTtM"b. 11 <1>pl13iSl6bIJII1 eMY OKOHlfaTeJIbHO B03BpalUeHbI.o npl1'll1HaXb paaopeuia KBeHTOBI1Ka 11 Ilopecrana CM. I. nonoxeule TaK"b KaK"b HO C"b Kb Popnxa npyroli He raxt.IlOHOM"b. ero JIeHa. fuld.n.eHil1KBeHTOBI1Ka.n. Le 8 septembre. 533." xorna nHpaTCTBOBaTb. Trecent. 73) Vogel. 74) AHrJlO-CaKCOHCKaSi XpOHI1Ka nowsuiaer's 3TOTb Ha6trb nom. B"b 3TO )J(e BpeMSI. OH"b pa3COpl1JICSI C"b Jlorapews BceH BtPOSlTHOCTI1 Jloraps 843-ro rona ptWI1JI"b KaK"b no Bep. KBeHTOBI1K"b. Le 7 septembre. ad a.n..lltHiSi rona. 271-276.230 H . f.. CM . 271 11 noorsn. nOBl1.n.. Ann.69 B"b 3TI1X"b Me)J{. MO)KeTb 6blTb. Quentovic (Canche .364. 73) . I. 1. Pertz.lltHiSl. KaK"b 6bI TO HI1 6bIJIO. pp. p. Quentovic" (Societe Ac a d e rn iq u e du Touquet-Paris-Plage . captivitate et nece sexus utriusque hominum adeo debacchati sunt. fuld.t reneps aaXO. 76) "Nortmannorum rex Oricus sexcentas naves per Albim f1uvium in Germaniam adversus Hludos wicum dirigit".74 11onycroureaiio. 439 (11-14). Prudent. Pertz. 139-195. Lagrange'a.aHHOMbcJlY'lat naxe TaKoMY . perYJISlpHO npononxaers C06paB"b uanaaars modica ua CBOI1 npe)J(HiSl BJIa.. ibidem.Ea tempestate Normannorum c1assis in emporio quod Quantovicus dicitur. ad a. 1929). repentino sub lucem adventu depraedationibus. 366 [31]. loco cit. pp.IliSlBKJIlOlfaJIaCb Jlorapa. 842. Bb aHrJIificKOMb Sl3blKt ewe Bb XVI. no. Vogel. coananaiori. Ann. 438. ornanars H. 850.Il0 850-ro POPI1K"b <1>pl1cJIaH.I1TCSI He60JIhWofi pbl6a'lifi nopr's Etaples (OTb raJIJIOpl1MCKarO S tap u I a. pp.. KaKb nerxo ~paHKcKoMy JItTonl1Cu.n... 845. Fepaauho Me)J(.llOJI)J{aJI"b OCTaBaTbCSJ na CTOPOHt BpeMeHI1 Ha3bIBaTb ero Jloraps. BO BJIa. pp.llOB"b BXO.IlY CToweHO He TOJIbKO <l>PI13CKOenocepexse. Ibidem.Il0HO Fapansm. 80-127." P r u den t.llI1T"b B"b 3JIb6y76. ycooauaxt. Avenir du Touquet-Paris-Plage. Kruze.lleHCKOMY . Ann. Trec.Il0rOBOpy 11 6t)J(aJI"b nlO.l. aaaeceao 6blJIO Kb HaMb Bb BI1. Pertz. KaK"b B"b 842-M"b rony. Trec. JItTOnl1CH Halfl1HalOT"b C"b sroro no "fel christianitatis". ut nihil in eo praeter aedificia pretio redempta relinquerunt. no TOMb aro CJI0BO nepeurno na uaasanie TOBapOBb onpen'sneauaro xasecraa 11.P06HOCTI1 pefi. 441. I. 71) Ibidem. 1891. CTOPOHbI. Northmannorum rex Roricus sexcentas naves per Albiam fluvium in Germaniam adversus Ludovicum dirigit". C"b Y)J(acalOlUl1MI1 11AHrJIilO. "Q u en t 0 vic et Dorestad e t les raisons de leur destruction par les Normands" (Orser-s..n. Keary "The Vikings in Western Christendom".73 11 BCSI crpaaa raM6ypro 3TI1 Ha6tm HO 11. Ann.nb P. no sonpocy 0 HaXO)K.OKJla. "Anno Domini 845. pp.n. 11caMblH napl1)J{"b nonaeprnncs Hero Posecrepows rpatiexy 11 nOH.n.:lTOrO BpeMeHI1 11BnJIOTb Ilopecram..Karo m r afie n s).wick) Jle)KI1Tb Y YCTbSlptKI1 La Canche. 437. TaK)Ke KpY3e Chronicon Nortmannorum. ibidem.llOJI)J(aJI"b peH. axcnenaula ronom.t H(1)KHe-HtMeu. I. 75) Prud.. Ann. Pertz.72 BI1KI1HrOB"b 840-850 H paarpaonem. 'ITO OHb I1MtJIb MtCTO Bb 842 rony. "Die Norm a n n e n und das frlinkische Reich". HO C"b . ad a." CBSl3bIBalOTCSIC"b I1MeHaMI1 nOJIY-M11811lfeCKaro raCTI1HrCa CbIHOBeH.

Cb npyroa CTOPOHbl. MOpOBOrO nos'srpis BblKa3blBaeT'b HtKoTOpOe OJIarOpaCnoJIo>KeHie ornycxaer's ua BOJItO xpacriancxaxt. Tpya Ilpynesuho) cMtWIJBaTb CKaH. Flpu 3TOMb cnysat..aTO H3b CBOHXb BJIalltHiH. ") "Tunc rex eorum nomine Rorik una cum omni populo gentilium 14 dies a carne et medone abstinuit.n. fuld.TonHCI1.a). 845.l1HaBCKiSlI1MeHa Hrcerek=Rorlc Cb Harekr=Horic=Eric . Pertz.OBI1KOMb.lI.1I.aPb. 11 caMblH flOH. et cessavit plaga. KaKb·flpY..Heti B03.u.I1Tb HMH OTKY. . ibidem.i I UI1TaTt.• pars Brit.'laIOTb60JIbWOe aarpyaneaie Bb o6bSlcHeHiH roro <paKTa.T. a TaK)Ke Cb p a3CKa30Mb Caxcoua fpaMMaTHKa o Tal1HCTBeHH0Mb TYMaHt. 'lTO 3PI1Kb.1I. ibidem. no MacwTaoy. TaKb xe. BeJIHKaro.t ynOMIJHaeTCSI1MSIPopaxa.tJIaeTb sroro <t>oreJIb. 441.. >Ke. e. I1Xb 11PYKOBO. 165) IlIJWeTb: "Roricus genuina est lectio". Ann. n.OBbPOPHKb pasopsers yCTbSlPeii~a. Xant. . pp.. (Bb r. pp.1I.•• ".TaK)Ke Keary. UI1TI1PYSI npl1Mt'laHil1 . uaueceunaji 3THXb HaotroBb CJIOMJI~Ha.JISIscero 3ana. BCTp"t. HCTOp"Ka BHOCHJIH paaopenie uecs Y.HO- Ilpexuia nanaaeuis HanpaBJISlJIHCb ua <t>PH3itO I1JII1 ua CMe>KHbl51 HO He na COOCTBeHHO HMnepitO.JlI1Buiarocs Cb 828 no 845. Horic 113bOricus). II. cum multitudine navium fresiam et Batavum insulam ••• devastat •.CTBiSlMb. 129.. co CCblJlKOn A H r JI o-Ca x c o HCKYIO x p 0 H 11 Y noas 851 r. Tree. KaKb HaotraMH 3TO 11' . flO3TOMY. 'Q) Vogel.a fon<f>PI1). 'lTO~bI npHHY: Bb aHTb JI0TapSi Kb B03BpameHiIO OTo6paHHblxb seaens (eM. 'lI1TaeTb R 0 ric u s. 128.lI.OMb H30traeTb onaCHOCTH. ccunxy 81). 229.anniam insulam Anglosque impetentes .bH conocrasnse'rs ern Cb aananeaiesn. 101).OB'b. a.Y POPHKb CHOBa cuapsxaert. qui nuper a Lothario defecerat. Ann.1I. r. caaa "IaCTI1 <t>paHuil1 H AHrJIil1. im Jahre 845 plotzllch Feinseligkeiten . e. Hero Ut. H no nOCJIt. 129' sa K <t>oreJlb noaaraers.lI.eTY Kb caMbiMb KHPI1 (Keary) Kapna xpHCTiaHCKOMY aarrany.i pOHI1KI1 0 est i s X De IlI1WeTb I1MSIPOpl1Ka npaBI1JIbHO.JISI ananenis ua AHrJIitO. aroro TaKb Mipa. et loca regni Hlotharii septentrionalis oceani Iitoribus contigua vastare" (Ruo d.ll.7i Bb 850 ro.1I. UBtTyw. 78) "R 0 ri e n e p 0 sHe rio I d i.aTb.1I. KaKb Keary Ii Vogel. TtMb)Ke rO. Tt aeropu. uocnsnaic aaodopor's.1I. i bid e m.t POPHKb Ha3b1BaeTCSI: "frater jamdicti Herioldi [unions". XpOHI1Kaaaausaers Popnxa rex.TOnI1CI1 231 Tal1HCTBeHHaro K'b xpl1cTiaHCTBY. 3pHKa H HMnepiH. nJItHHHKOB'b H npsxassrsae'riCBOeMY BOHCKY sersrpuanuar» .iSl aparaws 11 HaCeJIeHHblSl CTOJII1Ub uaObiJIb yscaHMnepil1 Bb nOJIH?ti Bb caMblSl npHOepe>KbSl.1I.CKlti 11 PIOPI1Kb HA4AJlbHOti Jl1. 200) nonpotiao paaoupaers 3TOTb 3nl1301l..ll. aKb T Vogel rOBOpI1Tb: "Wir wissen daher nicht. assumptis Nortmannorum exercitibus... "Rorih .HI1KOBb BOHHY H HHw. npl1.OHb C'b TPY. X ant. 1.78 nOLITH OHb caMb Haotm xpacriaucxaro HaBtpHSIKa MO>KHO YTBep>K. ad patriam propriam dirigunt". narcxaro 3pHKa (Oric·us) nom. 228 [21-23].OMb Bb CBOe" JI"t. was den k6nig veranlaute.. a no aOCTI1)KeHIH 3T0l1 rJIaBHOH UtJlH.TaK)Ke Ann. Keary (i bid e m.. n 11AHrJIiSl nonsepraercs YlJaCTI1 <t>paHuil1.lblH <f>JlOTb.aHHoJ. KOpOJIb.321).ll. p.xorna no Ilpynenuho "ita divina indicio vel tenebris ccecati et insania sunt perculsi" (i bid em. 272.1I. 128. 850.1I.1I. cnocoouocnI1MnepiSl OKa3blBaJIaCb cem. cpenu nonaaro Ml1pa Cb JllOlI.b ornpasnaercs Bb Therouanne (WeJIb).1I. ad a. [43]).eCSlTI1JItTiSi cyw. TaK)KeVogel. ibidem. coepit piratieam exercere. oprauuaoaaeaeri. T.850..1I. e.Bb EiiapMhl.1I. CM.eTb He Oricus. xoropae. a Rorieus. snpyr-s.. KOTOPblSI OHH HMtJII1 .I. ibidem. erroffnen" (ibidem. 'lTO npasansaoe sreaie 6Y. TaK)Ke. no CJIOBaMb sauiauiarsca OblJIa cosepureuuo Y'leHOMY1106pa30BaHHoMY JII1UYKaKb enacxony r. <pJIOTb H3b 350 CY. p..POPI1Kb IOTJlAH. I. aa EiepTI1HcKiii MOHacTblpb.CblHOBbSi Paraapa Jlonopcsa OmpaBJlSlIOTbBbAHrJIilO H 3HMYlOTbaa ocrpoas Thanet. Pr u d.ep>KI1BaTbCSI OTb MSlca. ibidem. aerops HopMaHcKoJ. pp. 366). et omnes christianos eaptivos quos habebant. noxpaeurea» HopMaHOB'b. nocanaers nporum.l1.1I. ad a. CJIt. 1. Cb npyroa CTOPOHbl.ua 31'OTb pas's . Bb . nonararo.Kruse (Ch ro n ic o n Nortmannorum. HHCb roro Hli Cb cero.I. 'lTO Cb <pJJOTOMb 350 CY. 273. aa oCHOBaHil1 <popMaJlbsaro YKa3aHiSi De 0 est iSH npl1HI1MaSi O BHI1MaHieB3al1MOOTHOllleHiSi B Popaxa. KapaM311Hb(1.MbI HM'teMb onpenhnenaoe ysasauie xpoHI1KI1 'lTO.1I. ad. An n.ll.ep)KHBalOTCSI nepsaro 'lTeHiSi(T.Nil 98) HtKOTOPblSlMtcTa JItTOnHceH.lI.79 OTJIl1l1atOTcSI OTb .eHUiii aaausam. H I1TO KaKb LITO PYKa POpl1Ka I1YBCTByeTcSI sa BctMH BI1KHHrOBb nepiona.D.eCTBeHHO npensmyumxu. na norpaanxuue I1MnepCKie nenu.445.

II..UOJDKaeTb HeYKJTOHHO CBOHMH npe)KHI1MI1 <pPH3CKI1MI1 3eMJTSlMH. ad a. 366 [37). legatis mediantibus. Oodafridum cum suis in societatem regni suscepit.xpacrtamrsauraro ccpennuu CTOJTtTiSl. Prud. CBOI1Xb BJTa. pecrarrs.UO POKOBblXb ronom. ad a.UtHilO Eeponu Bb oc06eHHocTH 850 H 851 rona Bce06111aro oTllaSlHiSl H rops O. OHb BHKHHrb H3b BHKHHrOBb 6blJTb BtpeHb H PYKOBo.UJlSlropnaro . uopaancxaro H 30BYTb BI1KHHrOBb.UOMb. )KHTie CB. 1.UaeTb .UCTBiSl11 na cppaHKcKHxb JTtTOnl1CueBb. r. ibidem.UCPPH.n." I bid e m. societatem regni". H . rOJTo. rnasaxt-. H BblHY)I(. ibidem. T. eCJTH CTaHOBHTCSlCTpOHTeJTeMb MorYllleCTBeHHOH CBt. CblHb nepsaro repuora" wap«- raJTbcp.uHJTaCbBb csoeti rHJTb. 82) " ••• ea conditione. 366 [35. I.8).UI1Ha UtJTblO. OHb. 3aTtMb HMnepiH. ".Ub ua nOCJTt. in fidem recepit. ibidem.UilO H Barascaie ocrposa Ha 3TOTb pas's J10Tapb BI1. 366 [39.8o POPHKb Kb utJTH. 83) I bid e m. pp. Fapansna. Bb KOHut Ilopecram. ero "fel ero.UBepMaHb" npen'snu OHb cram- H BnJTOTb . "in .UHte. ut tributis ceeterisque negotiis ad regis eerarium pertinentibus fideliter inserviret. "Quem Lotharius cum comprimere nequiret.UtJTeHHOH onycrouraert. naers nonpoonua npoacurecraisxu Bb HaCb Illseuia Bb 852 rony..UeCSlTHJTtTiSlBOHHbl H rp03HblXb na yspfmneuie OTb J10TapSl CBOHXb CPPH3CKHXb BJTa. Xant. 264. blHOMb C YCTbSl PeHHa.81 es ua npexuaxt.U11 aroro crpeaarscs Kb pasopenls. I. xorna reMMHHra OHb.UtHiH H. roaourecxaxt.' .UHOH onpen'snennoa nOJlHTHKa HH 6blJTa TSlrOCTHa . 61> n 51 EBb BJTaCTHHana.UOBOJTbCTByeTcSl nOJTY4eHieMb 06paTHO COfJTaCHTbCSl Cb npoqieccopows I1MnepiH.UonYCTHTb ero Kapna Jlucaro Kb ynpasnenho Bbl.UbIMaeTCSl asepxt. 445 [7. KaKb 6bl 3Ta Ha6troBb. 4TO' yutcrsno Cb rO. I..Bb COlO3t MSlHHI1KOMb.UtJlI1Tb rocynap- eMY BJTa. 129. An..35). cum consilio senatus. POPHKb..UYHra. Tree. 271.utHiSl 0 see csoe BHHMaHie OHb oopauiaert. Pertz. OTb Ha6troBb no YCJTOBiSlXbBtPHOCTH HMnepil1 HOpMaHOBb.271. noxa caaa nOJTHTHKt O.UJTSl ctsepHOH 6blJTH nepionows Cpe. np0. . KaKb Cb T04KI1 3ptHiSl TaKb CKa3aTb 113BHt. He TOJTbKO <ppaHKcKie HCTOPHKH He christianitatis=J" HO H noamrstiurie uransrrs anuanu Fapansna. OTb ero caMHXb BHKI1HrOBb. p. KPOMt CTBOMb. KpY3e. HMnepiH. HMtBWHXb BJTiSiHieua . cortpornaneais npyraxt.. 11 <t>pl1cJTaH. 235. 850.. AHCKapiSl. 81) "et cum a Hlothario principe sine periculo suorum non posset expelli. 36). et terram eis ad inhabitandum delegavit.·B03BpalllaeT'h OTb npe)KHI1Xb Ha6troBb. 873.UeTaHa. a~) Ann.82 rO.232 H. . 84) " ••• Karolus.Ua H HHllleTbl. BHKI1HrOMb-nl1paTOMb. clam mutato consilio.UaJTblltHwaro H. 40).UilO POpHKy. H aaunrru osepens.utHiH. in fidem receptus est . Bb CBOIO nO. H paHHeH MOJTO. eique Dorestadum et alois comitatus 1argitur. Haws xaxercs.UHaKO 3TOTb HMnepiSl 6blJTa e. s.. 366 [33. HeB03MO)l(HOCTb . npH411Hbi Ha6troBb 4TO reneps Mbl MO)l(eMb 6pOCHTb B3rJTSl.UI1Tb KOHUOBb.uoBHKa.86 It1 O. BHyKa CJTaBHarO I'apansna nOCJTt . CBOI1Mb nne<t>pHCJlaH.UaBWHXb. ibidem. rp03HbiMb rparpa 826 Bb It1HreJTbreHMt KaKb "JlaH. raxu Bb H Cb T04KH 3ptHiSl Bee )l(H3HeHHoe JTtTb.UOCTH Bb )loaauiauiam. 850.UcppH. Ann. . HaMb caoe CKioJTb. Keary. I.OHb 11 rpacars.S4 Ceirs roro.aJTbHtHllliSl HHTepecYlOllliSl dO) Keary.UaHa H 6paTb KpeCTHI1Ka HMnepaTopa J11O. od a." i bid e m. pa3BepHYJlOCb ua naumxtI1JTH MapKrpacpb.UHOH onpe.Ub.. Ru o d o l pl fuld. OBJla. Ibidem. 86) Vogel. et piraticis Danorum incursionibus obviando resisteret.Ut nonpnuie Popnxa rony.UtHiSl Bb JleHb83 11. npen'snost. H n03.

npOBeCTI1 I1Xb Kb 3TOMy ropony.u.aHHOna ero 06I1TaTeJIeH.u. tutissima est in maritimis Suevonire regionibus. 88) Onacaaie OHPKH.a ero KOpOJ1eBCTBOMb..305. n CJIaBSlHaMb (in tjeHHOMY ropony. Tax's AHcKapiti. Ilopecram.88 1160 Bb HeMb )l{I1JIO MHoro 11 neuert. Bb CBOI1Xb Ml1ccioHepCKI1Xb crpaucrsonantaxt.n.JAJ1bHOH J11>TOnl1el1 233 C06bITiSl.u. Pertz.aBHO yxe 6blJ111CBSl3aHbi Cb I1MeHeMb POpI1Ka.OHb 11Mb npiocp'srenie ooraruxt. JIHCb. lIT06bl Cb I1Xb 06blllaeMb.u. Scrip to ru m. BpeMSI OTb BpeMeUI1. aliique Scithire populi pro diversis commerciorum necessitatibus sollempniter convenire".ua6bl noKb HtKOTO- TO OHM He MOrJIM OTKa3aTbCSl 11 .b 6blJ1b 113rHaHb M3b csoero . Bb TOMb JIH Ha ero onuako. 0I1PKy. OT- MeJ1J1apb Bb Ilopecrana Bb WJ1e3Bl1rb 11 M3b WJ1e3Bl1ra Bb DI1PKY. MeTaHieMb )l{pe6iSl.Il. Adami Gesta Hammenburgensis EccIe siae Pon tific u m". KOPOJIb eroro OKa3aTb . rorna TaKb 3TH CJIOBa 6blJII1 Bb cornacia 11Mb cn snyer's roro. JIO)l{l1JIb naaaws.u. 11 WJ1e3Bl1rb .J1Sl· ceoero 60JIbWI1Xb noreps xynuoas 11 Haxo. OHb roaopar's: "Ad quam stationem.u.aJ1HCb 113b I1HreJ1bxetiMa Bb Ilopecram.. eCJ111 npe.il1. HO reneps C06blTiSl Bb DI1PKt Hal. aottcxa.rro HMb HY)l{HO ornpaaarscs - poay ropony.89 H )l{HTeJTH He 6blJTH Bb cocroauia conporuaneuia. itemque ScI a v 0 rum ac Semborum naves. VII. nepenneraiorcs Bb .u. HblMb 06pa30Mb.JT06b MaJ10 TOBapOBb OHI1.u. xyna . CM.ti1cTBI1TeJlbHarO pacnopaxenie: roponows." Mtcra oTcTynl1J111ors.11 nanom.Taxs. Mel aHieMb JIY'1MTb . An s k a r i i". OHI1 nOCJIt. npocBtTI1TeJ1S1 cssepa. na oaepf Illeeuln. quia.cKiti KOPOJ1b KOpOJ1eBCTBa11 Haxo.87 "HtKOTOPbIH wBe. ag) KQHYHrb Bloprrs.uHH csoeti OHH MOJ1 onocrn H AHcKapieMb H npyr» Cb sa Fapansnows npyra.I1J1CSl Bb 113rHaHil1 cpena TO. )l{HBWHXb Bb Ml1pt M TI1- St.Jl1HalOTb orpaxarscs ua Ilopecranf 11 tOTJ1aH. HXb BOJISI. xorna BMtCTt B03Bpaw.OCTaBI1JTM 6blJTO 11 HeO)l{I1.YIOTb aa HI1Mb.u.POPI1Kb K>TJ1AHneKIHI1 PK>PI1Kb HAI. Bb 826-828 ronaxt.uJIe)l{allll1Xb npl1WJIO csuure. Kb MHOrMXb COKPOBMUlb.OJI)I{Hbl 6blJTI1 nOHn! OHI1 BOnpOCI1JIM narrse.uOMOi1 6e3b rrpennoxeuie .u.upa3J1l1l1HblMb npMl. finibus Slavorum).JIO)l{I1JIb 11Mb 3aXBaTI1Tb BblweynoMSlHYTbli1 OHYH.I1JIOCbHe I. HO no Cxlonsnyura POpHKa CTpaUonua cs npyroa H BJ1iSlIOTb POPI1Kb .u. p.u. noa'screyers Pi1M6epTb.uHO cynno KPOMt roro... OHM CBOI1Xb xopassnueynoBb OTCYTnpen6blJIb Cb JTIO.OJ1)KeHb6blJ1b Haxo. ropona . T.a HOB b.. Taics OHI1 OTnJlblJlI1 113b Ilauta CJIYllI1JTOCb. solent omnes Danorum vel Nortmannorum.3aTtMb.u.HOti <f>Pl13CKOHK0J10Hil1 Bb npyryro .u.aMbopeMeHcKiti: "Mag. 11npe.Jei1 11crpeascs O. 304.aroro Ilauu.A. 6e3b 060JIbllleHHbie I1Xb Bb ero 6J1eit Bet MSlHYTblMb OHYH. .J1S1 ce6Sl 30nOTO 11He soaapauiarscs )l{l'e6iSl ira l(TO OHH Ha.u. 704. AHCKapiSl. ibidem. Anskarii".tSI- OHH BbISlCHI1JII1. n B03MO)l{H0i1 . Scriptorum..• noroeop's 11. 3aKJTIOI. -rro 6blJ10 HtKor.b.u.Jl1HaMb npI1BJ1eKaJ111I1Xb 06011Xb. passoay. ' gO) "V ita St.rro - CTBiH. pacnOJIO)l{eHHOMY na pa3CTOSlHiH.06bll.aHHO nOSlBI1JII1Cbnepem. Pertz. Q>pl13iSlM <f>PMCJ1aH. npMHa.u.I1JII1 sanuan. quod ad urbem quarndam longius inde positam in finibus Siavorum ire deberent.I1TbCSI nomcxie roprosue 11 no BJ1iSlUieMb Ancxapis. 113b O. i bid e m. e. ropom.u. )K113Hb CB. rOTOBblMI1 Kb 611TBt.u.JI1JIb 06HTaTeJISlMI1 TaHHblH Cb lIT06bl OHI1 BOnpOCI1JIH 60roBb 6blJIb paarparineirs •.u.bMI1.u. )KeJ1aSl B03BpaTI1Tb ce6t npOCI1J1bnOMow.. MOrJII1 npi06ptCTI1 »cenaeaoe.. nOBtpMBb. npaBJ1SleTCSI113b OK0J10 aroro BpeMeUI1.u. OHb 06tlllaJ1b . y Hero nploop'sreniro onaauaauars ropona COKPOBI1Ulb.ua rpanarrs 3eMeJIb.u. II. OHb M 06tw. I1TTI1.aJ1b ropom. 704: "Ceciditque sors." ij7) "Vita . CHapSl. l(TO yxasanie npSlMblMb (OI1PKI1) 11nocntWI1JIH yr e a s Kb 03Ha- Hanas's HeO)l{H.u.

273) 6ep KO Be U'b 3aHMCTBOBaH'bOT'b Ha3B8HiSJ " . HO oxpyrs. Ve te n s kaps-Sa m fu ndet i Uppsala utgivna skrifter."birk".ca. BepHYJIHCbBO CBOSICH.95 He 6y. I.THTb. den gamla kopstaden pa Bjorkon i Malaren.II. HO OHOBCTpi.pHTb B'b JI. a 6HpKa y coct.I836.ntJIKaMH. pairse 6epKoBcK'b..ep3ee. by Prof. 0') Ilans. S'HPKOH. lJTOJ.. p. pp.naJIb KpY3e. OHH 3aXBan1J1Hero CHJIOHOPY)l(iSI. Lund. 61. Bjorko OKOJlOBuoopra H Bjarkoy B'b Fanoronaan's. S. XXI. be rei e h HYKa3bIBaeT'b aa <PPH3cKoe npOHCXO)KJI.93H caaoe HMSI.Hiif 0 <PPli3aX'b.Harepecao OTMi. R e e u e i 1 d'e t u des.). H. Topneo.neTb HH4ero nes'spcs'rnaro Bb npennonoxenta.HT'b JIH OTCIOJI.npy6KaMH. 852. OOblI.. Y C 3aJI. 1926).'b.wliBaIOTCSI K'b KyJTSlM'b TIOK8.M.rePOJTbJI.OBO. oepKOBeu'b. London.M'b.ntHcTBHTeJIbHO. K. 11) Ibidem. 84) "Birka oeh b j a r k o a r a t". Hero eCTeCTBeHHi. B.234 H.nCTBOMbH Cb roproauaa c.He npoHCxOJI. 73. 6bpKOBbCK'b(CM. KaKb Mbl Y)I(e ynoMHHaJIH asnue. Allen Mawer (Tr a ve I and Tr a v e It ers of th e M iddl e Ages. a 3lOJI. T. 01) Sag a-B 0 0 k. SHpKa 6blJla CPPH3CKOH KOJIOHieH. p.H. Namn o c h Bygd. 93) c6JTH)KaeT'bCJTOBO irk C'b H. A v.nHTeJIbHbl. 6Hp'lHTb 3Ha'lHT'b JI. U) )K. COOTBtTCTBYSIaHrJlmCKOMYtally.no 06bSIcHeHitO nporpeccopa Bancreaua. pp." 91 KaKb . Wadstein. T.eB'b.). JI.econOCTaBHTbC'b birk H berek (94). nOrOJI.necTBJIeHiSI. TaK)Ke HOCHJTO aaasanie H JTb M e p e. KYHHK1>(Re c h e r c h e s C riti que s) rOBOpHT'b: "HOBrOpOJI. TaK)Ke a E. 215.'b CBi. (BJTa. I)i. c. 96 Ilanfse.OnOJTHeH'b npotp. "." . nOJlOUK'b••• ?" 83) "The Viking Age". Wadstein. CBSI3aHaco C4eTOBo. O~) naJlo'lKH-6HpKH npHBi. JIi.ntCb 3aMopCKOH TOprOBJIH MO)l(eTb C!1Y)l(HTb nOCJIOBHua: "Kopa6JIH aa MopeMb.nblBb nOJIb3Y raxoro OTO)l(. no BceH BtPOSITHOCTH..npeBHSISIMi. Bugge B'b TOM'b )Ke )KYPHaJli.. nporpeccops Biorre Bb CBOHMb noxnaaf "MOpenJIaBaHie J. B'b 992 r. nOJIb3ytOmiHcSI OC06blMH npasaxa H npHBHJIeriSIMH.97 lJtMb euie pas's nonsepxaaaercs CBSI3b Me)l(. CTp.M. CTp.i.ny Hosroponows H CPPH3CKHMH "6HpKaMH". 704.pbl Y <pPH30B'b.92-97. 13-27.nyrews roproauxu cuoureuia Hosropona Cb r.O npespatneaia ero B'b MOPCKOfi 3aJlHB'b. Coop HWK'b [HMeH w] 3JTa r a p CKa ro. 3TOT'b CnHCOK'b JI. Hum. "friesisehe Lehnworter im Nordischen". finnas som bekant andra orter med Iiknande namn". nocunam.1 no CJIOBO"6HpKa".HHa ("B 0 n p 0 C'b 0 n p 0 HCX0 )K. "Chronieon Nortmannorum".na". af E.HX'b reproeaxs nYTSlX'b..OJlrOJI.BaJI.n06bJlfY H COKpOBHw.6wpi'lH no TOsapaws ".TonHCb). HtKOTOPblMb HaMeKOMb na Y4aCTie 3.JlKOBblfi.aHOrOBi. pp. TOTb J. 03HalJaeTb He 6epe3y . 3TOTb ropom.aIi aaure crapoe 6 HP to 'I 'b. 0 I) e p e 3 a H H H T. A. JI. .Il.Ki.II. 216). 6 H P H 'I 'b. 1914.'b. B3SIBb 60JIbWYtO . a HMeHHO:B irk 0 aa p.i. .JlSleB'b. 276).1TOprOBJISI Bb anoxy BHKHHrOBb" ynoannaert.nSlEB1> WHHt.63.Bi. B'b crarsf "En Bjorko i Sydrusland".n. 1. 1918-1922. TaK)Ke yxaaaeaer's aa 3aHMcTBoBaHie Hosropoaoav Ha 3 BaH i SI :nOH Mi.CTeHH'b bid e m. Ilam.1 PYCCKJ. .WMip'b B.HilO A. 6 H P 'I i W(Ilans. e Hili Pyc w".6blJIb Hoaropom. "P Y C CK i SI M i. P bt". VI.<HOBeHHo C'IHTaIOT'brarapcxaro ero npOHCXO)KJI. ibidem. ad a. I. (I b be r e k H Hi. Si3pK-3).1HTepeCHbIH cpaKTb.CM. K ungl. KOHSlM'b H BnJleTalOTCSI 'b rpasst: y KOHB CKHX'b6apblwHliKOB'b 6 HP K a 3Ha'lHT'b Ui.Ha'lHHaeT'bCBOIOCTaTblO ysasaniews: "Utom Birka.. JI a B p.215. 'ITO oaepo HJlbMeHb npexne Ha3bIBaJlOCbH JTb Me p b (JIaBp.pa BOUl.naBHOY)I(e YTBep)I(.'1aeTCSI )Ke B'b X Bi. 3a 1918 r. rJI. "in finibus Slavon. JI i.im •. . eecsaa y6t. npodi. 77-103.aH'bpSlJI.1JIH Bjorko (5bepKe. p. rJlaBHbIM'b oOpa30M'b HOBropoacxas.H. T. T..a raxxe 0 PYCCKOH TOProans.a.OJlr'b.JI. Wadstein.no MHi. lJTO 3eMJIH BeJIHKarO HOBropona na n06epe)l(bt <l>HHcKaro 3aJlHBa Ha4HHaJIHCb y ocrposa Berko J. JI. lJTO OHO H Bb uaurews SI3blKt 3aHMCTBOBaHO. repa. Ilans. To Jl'K0 B bl W CJT OBa p b )KHB 0 rOB e Jl HK0p y ccxar o S13bIKa. Yncanscxaro YHHBepcHTeTa.aBaTb. E. H3b cppH3CKaro 513bIKa.eHie roro CJlOBa.94 HHTepeCHO 3aMtTHTb.eHiSl (TaTHUI. B'b aaaueaie rJTaWaTaH. H 0603HalJaSI naJIOlJKYCb Ha.Orarap:s. 1927.

!I. fasc. 100) "K Y P e b P Y CCK 0 if H CTOP i It". mi> POCciSi Ha3bIBaeTCSI B j a Ik a Iand.!I.ua ua KOHcraHTHHOnOJlb.0 d d s Sag a".l1. H BbCTawa ••• aa Bapsru H H3brHawa SIaa Mope" ("P03bICKaHiSi o J1. 3TOTb sonpocs I1HTepeeOBa1lb euie KYHHKa. Ilonraepxnenie Haotra na Hosropom." a nO.CTBiH.II. II.!I.-CM.!I. K 98) Bi.!I.b. paBHblif cYMepiifcKoif MI1Ht D I. a HeJ1. CTp. pp. Ha.BHHCKHMb nyrews.peBHI1Xb PyCCKHXb MtPb.eHISI AeKOJIb.II. K.tSlxy . a He J1.!I.!I. 51 .uHiH OblJlb cyxonyruuws.J1. Illaxaarom. CM. 1928.tTb 11 Bb ynoMHHaHil1 PI1MOepra 0 cyurecrsosaaia npSlMoi1 nopora OTrvna.'i>.26.peBHti1WI1Xb pyCCKI1Xb JTtTOnl1eHblXb CBO.no HI1KHTt na!fJ- "n .JlSIHaotra ACKOJlb. 1929.a1050 r. MorYTb 06bSlCHHTb nosexy. 3a npaBI1J1bHytO nary .. . Halle a.CTBa<PP1130Bb ua OaJITii1cKoMb MOpt.CKIH H PIOPHKb HAI. 50).aHa BI13aHTii1cKI1Mb Xponorpaooas IX BtKa (eM.b..t YKa3b1BaeTCSI. e.OOHO • OTOnanran. Bb HeJ1. IIOHs! 860 rona.100 TaKHMb oopaaows CTaHtM. roBOPHTb: "COoTBtTcTBeHHo TOMY J.!I. ibidem.aHie Apxeorpa4mlJeCKoi1 KOMMl1ccil1.Iua MeJlJlapt Cb HOBrOpO.II.a.OBb. CTp.HTbCCblJlKYaa "Die I itaui sch-weissrussischen Bezie h u ngen und ihr Alter" K.aHOBblWeJ1. lItMb npe. 1925. .Xonsarapny. III p.0Mb TaMb rOBopHTCSI: "MMaxy .!I.AK.aHI1"no otJTt 11Bi>BepI1UI1" Cb caroa 06b OpBapb-OJ1. <t>JlOpOBeKiif (S I a v i a.b.CTapHHHblSi roproasrs CBSl3HMe)J(..uaHb BapSl3H H3b aaaopsa ua 4tO. 1892.I yxasuaaro'rs.9. A. HtcKOJlbKO Ha3a. I a F acu I te de philos 0 p hi e et I e t tr e s de G and. CTp." (Stockholm. 187 H R ev u e d'Assyriologie.bCTHH 1I1OJ1. SlBJISleTCSI BtCOBblMb 3KBHBa. F. J1. rJ1.igge. v.CKarO eBOJ1.!I. B. 743) Bb crarsf 0 <t>pHlJ. 611). ropona Bapxa": OH'!>lKe npHBOJ1. oraocauiiaca euie KO BpeMeHH rOCnO. Bb csoews Kypct PYCCKOi1 Hcropls.II.asa Ilapsrpan». Kb caMoH cepenarrs IX BtKa".. KaKb earn H apxeonornuecxls paCKOnKJ.CKOMYOCTPOBY I3bepKe J.99 Flporpeccops KJltOlIeBcKii1.TaKlKe BbIHOCKyN2209 0 C'leTt BbnpeBHeMb PyeTpHHreHCKOMb Ilpaas na WHJTJTI1Hrl1 Y Hb.l1.. Ilom.aBHOCTb. H OHb CTOI1Tb BblCWHMb 'lJTeHOMb Bb WKaJlt . ibidem.II. Eistland ok Kurland ok vida urn aus t r l o n d" (eM'. OKOJlO cepenaua neaararo BtKa naers H Hasansnas JltTonHcb.nocJlt. npSlMoi1 .OMb H "OHpKOif.uaJlte Kb Hosropony . sro arort. . 1872. H.OMb MO)f(HO BH.II. 1920.JIept. <t>pHCJlaH. a l1)J(e oS!xY y HI1Xb. Hurepecao conOCTaBI1Tb B3HMaHie saparaaa . 1929.. 13-24 u Arne.b aarnasiews "Chron.uH H ua CJlOBtHexb •. du manuscript 11316". e.aXb". H3. . xpyrosoro nYTH.a 10 nY.raxt.II. T. KaKb 30JIOTOif MI1Hbl.!I. 18. TO'lHaSi nara HanaJ1. a nepBblH. BbIHOCKY 186).weif pa60Ti> "D i eVe r bindungen zwischen Sk a n d i n a v ie n und dem Ostbaltikum etc. p. 18.101. Cumont Bb Re cu e i! des tr a v a ux p.115. CTaBI1Tb Bb CBSl3b Cb CBi>ll.53 rpaa. p. l1.nOJIaraeTCSI B03MO)f(HOCTb H npyroro. Bb OOXO. 1.uYMatO. R e cue i 1.b 862: "M3brHawa aapsra aa Mope" .yHOBrOpO. 1894 nOJ1. 87). naers cJlt.aBHOKb HeMY BepHYJlCSI Jlsuiesso (200) 11A. Cn6.!I. crarsn asropa 0 cYMepiifeKoif MHHt Bb S. lllaxaaroaa 11 npl1HI1MaSi860 rom." Haxoueirs.. Byra. H KpHBH'lI1. Bb CTpaHY "BeJlHKHXb nptcHblXb osep's". BnOCJltll. Herausgegeben von R. BMtCTO JltTOnl1CHOH 866 rO.YlOmiif B03eTaHOBJleHHblif TeKCTb aroro MtcTa npesHtl\waro HOBrOpOJ1. Aldeigjuborg.MopeMb 11OCTpOBaMHKb urxepaws H no HHMb Kb HOBrOp0lJ.POPHKb IOTnAHJ]. TO TH aacanie . " 90) tTO n HCb no Jl a n p e H r i e B C K 0 M Y C n He KY". C.aHbnasxy Bapsrows OTb MylKa no 6 t JIt H B t B e p Ii U. H MepS! H 41OJ1.Birger Nerman.lMtTb no KpaHHeH Mtpt nOJlYBtKOBYtO .!I.. BhlHOCKY 122).. HO H OJlerb Oervar Odd nOJlb30BaJIHCb 3TOif noporoll.I . BtCb 6epKoBIJ.'lTO JTI1TOBCKOe birkavas 3aHMCTBOBaHOOTb uauiero 6 b P K 0 B e IJ.11.0Jl)f(HblOblJlJ.ocuoeuaascs na auaonaxt.ymHxb OTb pyccxaro <pYHTa Bb 409. Y Crapyio Jlanory.ub 130THl1l1eCKaro aanasa. "La Suede et l'Orient".a noctuiann 11J111 OCHOBaJlI1 YCTbSlBOJlXOBa xptrrocn. npe)f(Hii1 ranoronauncxia nyrs lIepe3b Hoppnanm. 1t3.!I.bl 3plfKa 3MYH. s.tHiSlMH PI1M6epTa It Hasansnaro Jltrronncua nOXO.I npenurecrayrouiia COObITiSl •.fAnbHOH n1>TOnHCH 235 Henocpencraennua CHOllJeHiSiHoaropona co Illseulea Kb cepenmrs IX BtKa raxxe .COHa "sik Finnland ok Kirjaland. T.!I.!I.neHToMb pyccxaro <PYHT~. . crpaaotl Mi>XOBb ("9 r v a r .II.. KOCBeHHoe yxasaale ua CHOllJeHiSiI3l1pKJ. peKOMH CJIO-" BtHe.CKiH <PYHTb Bb 489-491 rpaMMb. p. aKa.II.l J. Boer. 859 rO. He TOJIbKO ursensr. S.II. byzant.ueMHKa A. Cn6. oi>JTI1'1beifcrpasoa. CTp. 1908. 5. cno.!I.: "Bb CI1 lKe speaeaa HOBbrOpOll. -rro uiaenu He nosxe 800 rO.

fCTeMa. Fuld. «orna He YCKOJlb3HYJla OTb ero Jloraps CbIHOBb~MH. 1906.103 Ilpn 3THXb yCJlOBi~Xb BtCTI1 MblCJlb 06b H3b nHpKH roproamo )KeJlaHHbIMJ.llb n06JlJ.f06b Be.ll. BblHOCKY122). partem regni quae est inter mare et Egidoram cum sociis suis posedit. ad a. CTp. id est Daniam.llitO. p. et consentiente Horico Danorum rege. 3 H "Normannen".fHOMb Ha.t YKa3aHO." Ruod.llWaro to)KHYtO tOTJlaH. 1.BHraeTeS! Kb 860 rony. p. Bb Ilopecranf. "N 0 r dis c he Seefahrten". 6blJlb JlI1 ". ocnanaula cnYCTSI.ll06HO Bb CI1Xb nopt. indeed. n. 1903.fMaHi~. nequaquam arridentibus sibi successibus. 14. n .ll.0 ranoroaaaauaxs..HJlHCb roprosue nyru H3b MaHHua. 61>n5IEBb lJTO OT3BYKI1 O. s. p.f Y Ilo Haxansaaro nO.fpKOH. et parte maxima Fresiae potiuntur. ibidem.llaHOBb". lJTO 15-20 JltTb ua- san's. Ansm» J.lltHcTBJ.fHOnOJlSl BMtCTO LlT06bl npexseay peHHCKOMY nYTH nanpaansm. _ 0 1 4) Bugge. HJ. ocrrs n "KPyr030pa". aapoxnanacs OTKPblTiJ.fMI1!f>p113CKI1MI1 oprOBblMI1 nynIMJ.. Hlotharii regis.fpKt. narouckoay (E. OTO!l.f3ieH. 16.f.HHaBCKO-6aJlTiHcKHi 105) CM. H CHOBa OHb OKa3blBaJICSIX03~J.fKa MJla. Tree. exported about the year 800 their woolen cloth '" to all parts of Europe . MOPCKI1MJ. TaKJ. xyna HJ.fHaeTC~. nO. POPJ. O. J. crpepf 11 KaKb Piopnxa caaoe speas HalJaJlbHblH_ rrsronacerre rOBOpl1Tb 0 npl16blTil1 OCHOBaHil1 PYCCKaro rocynapcrsa. 101) "Lotharius totam fresiam filio 'suo Lothario donat.fMb CaMJ.f)Ke Kb nJ. TO.fKOJltniSl.f Bb caMOMb Ilopecranf BeJlJ. Pertz.MJlHCb JleBaHTcKii1 roproauf nyrs Y Ha e M b H JloM6ap.fKb ce6S1 Bb JlaHiJ.llHOrO J. HO HY)KHO.l0o xce CJ. I.tTeJlbCTBb y Jlaaaacxaro. H Y PI1M6epTa J.foc06eHHO npexnaro paaopeaa. Ilarcxla.fMb opraBHJ. to POPHKb H rO. J. 11Mbl He MO)KeMb CKa3aTb. 10~) "Rorih Nordmannus.101 Tax's KaKb pasnfsnam. 'ITO Bb MaHHut CXO. H3b AHrJliH 11 CKaH.f3b KOH- CTaHTJ. 449 (3. rony HH30BaHa.. "HeMHoro cnycra nocns uaurecrsia PYCCOBb".ll. classern duxit in fines Danorum.Morb J. Bb CBOIO osepens.llbILleCTBOnam.fMb CBSl3~Mb Cb nJ. H.857. repedant spe potesta tis regiae nanciscendae . i bid e m.f TOrO )Ke C06b1Ti~ OnJ.ll06HOH noporoa sepea's I1TaJlitO.llb WJle3BJ.. Mainz and Worms.sepeau MOHb-CeHMCb. CXO!l. xoropoe T.fCaHbI rrsronncua. 11no Ihrsnpoacxaa aopwaucxaro Y)I(e 6blJla Bb Ka3aTbCSI Hosropom.f. were the great seafaring nation of the North sea .f nYT~MI1 113b Cfssepaaro Bb 11.fH.ca Y. OHb cpenn TtXb LITO H 3Ta 60Jlte axcnennuls.. Mocxsa.fnam.104Mtxa J. 370 (eM.llb sanyaana B03- HtKoTopoe speas ero PYKJ.. i bid e m.CKii1. 29). I.f. T.fcrpexneale nOBepHYTb CTapHHHYtO !f>PH3CKYIO Bb HOBoe PYCJlO. H. ecna H He 6blJla J.frOMb J. lJTO. qui praerat Dorestado. nonoxeuno na sonHa6troBb pastJ.llY <l>pJ.fMb MtCTOMb. 3TO TtMb CBOH BJla. -BO BC~KOMb CJlY lJat. eCTeCTBeHHO.fM~ POpl1Ka He ynOMJ.ll. 855. and had factories in ••. )1(.. M. Ann.llYMaTb.fnpyraxs. 103) "Vita Anskarii".. yMepb H 3PJ. ibidem.. xoropue 854 npenunyuucn. nocn'snosana sa OHYH.POPJ. cum consensu domini sui." Prud. "HCTOpiS! PYCCKOH u e p x s a". T Ho Bannpex- ocuiee nonoxeale BcSI aananuas aeuief reneps 6blJlO nanexo He TtMb.f npyrle c'ssepuue rosapu 06blKHOBeHHO no- roproeuxs roro.fTeJlbHO OTb 3pJ.OBblXbBOHHOBb H"\tJlO MtCTO no MaS! 861 rona.. "The Frisians who.fno CBOJ. Bpaannna Bb 3TO J. 1901.fnepexonnno TiHcKoe Mope. ad a. Rorie et Oodefridus..ll!f>pJ. 370 (17-19). 77. eCTeCTBeHHO. 66-68.f Bapky ranoronannuaaa: no BOCTOlJHble rosapa J. 1902. Espona 6blJla cosepmeano MaJlO -rro OCTaBaJIOCb OTb 6b1JlJ.ll. 39) xpeuieaie ACKOJlb!l." .p06HblH pa360Pb aroro H npyrnxs CBH. Dorestado se continent.f6Y. MorJlH 6bl 60Jlte nanpaanarscs HblXb nyrsxt. H PeHHb Kb Ilopecrany.fKb . BtPOHHO. Illneassm.236 HOBI1TC~ secsva BtpO~THbIMb. rOJly6HHcKiH.lltHi~ Me)K.. Ann. TaK)I(e Vogel. unde Rorie et Oodefridus patriam.102 TaKHMb 06pa30Mb onsrs Bb BJla.fKb OKa3aJlCSI YCTpaHeHHblMb OTb Bb TOMb )Ke rony narpanars nonysam. BblHOCKY (206).llYUlI1Xb Kb JlHtnpy.llOMb. ss. r!l..f HOBblXb CTaBJl~JlI1CbBb nYTeH J.4-28.

314-359. 107 HeCMOTpSI ua PYCCKarO HanpaWHBaeTCSI CaMO C060H.t. M. MeHt. MHHHCTepCTBa c MOHYMeHTaJIbHOMb nec non 3PY. acsepnusatouua Kpl1THllecKOMY pasriopy napanneneuo . 11. OC06eHHO.Antiquites I1cTopil1 Russes". Petrop. nan'se OHb BblCKa3aJIb npennonoxenie.. Petersburg." 108 JTt.CKarO 11PlOpHKa l{)pbeBcKarO YHI1BepCf1TeTa «1>.WI1TeJIbHO OT6pOCI1Tb mnOTe3Y KpY3e. Ac.BHraJIOCbBb CTOJIt.e BbmymeHHblMI1 Bb CBt.060pOHa Hecropa": rosopsr-s ero rJIaBHaH Kpl1TI1Ka uanpasnena O.TOnl1Cei1 COCTalmTb O. Paris. Academia Imperialis Scientiarum. KpY3e 0 PO.- rnaas KHHfI1 . KpynHoMb Cb nenanuo 3Ha4HTeJIbHblXb HCTOpHljeCKI1 JlHUb.lI. KaKb Hanpl1Mt. nanp.. pp.ll.. rano- resu KpY3e csoe He BCTpt. .Ilonaas 61f6J1iorpa<l>iSl npaaonarcs KYHI1KOMb "Remarques Bb critiques".lJ..pb nary 6HTBbl npa Bpanamrs. OTeUb I'apansna POPI1Kb He O.. KpY3e.MeUKI1Xb JIt. nQ.ll. CTp. 1-77. Norwegorum etc. 207.lJ. 114) "Histoires des expeditions des Normands". IJI. 1846.OBOMb.. Sveonum.lI. KaKb 3TO C. Bull..lleCTBJIeHie POpl1Ka l{)TJIaH.lJ.aTeJII1 "Antiquites npiewt.ll. 43-73.t. Kruse". opari. a 0 PSI.Mb Bpencnopqrs 11llerml1Hrb He MeHt. npieaa. H.HO11TO )J(e JII1UO. W e H iSl H X b HeJIb3Sl H3b PIO- repiOJIb.112 HO sro Bb CTaTbHXb KpY3e Popaxa). 1843.Tb aHaJIH3b cppaHKBa)KHbISl. Ilocssuiem. YCTaHOBI1J1bHt. CO MHOfl1MH BTopOCTeneHHblMH BbIBO.llI1MOCTb OKOH'-IaTeJIbHOH pt.. Bull. OHO Bb ." H na 60raTcTBO H3CJIt.Xb He BblCKa3bIBaSlCb OKOH4aTeJIbHO HH aa.JlSI OKOJIO770 rO. HtCKOJIbKO 6oJIt.06b OTHOllleHiSlxb Pyc c o a-s.ll 0 P a 3 p t. Bi. paaoopf CKI1Xb XpOHI1Kb 11Ht.lJ.. KYHI1Kb nonsepr's OHb nam.l1. H.KOTOPbIXb carbllO. 3aMtQaHiSi 11 J1eKUII1".HilO EYTKOBa. p. raiose "Urgeschichte des Estnischen Volkstammes". aecsaa csaepa narsr. Ii 0 CBSl3S1Xb I1Xb Cb Pocciei1". KpY3e Nortmannorum.llal13. HH npOTHBb pOBaJIb oruouieule CJII1WKOMb MHoro noxasaalsxu Ht. 1840.). 159-170. BaJIC5Iaa He06xo. 136.. M.4iH Ilcronam.meHiH cepenairs Bb ero npOWJIarO C06blTiti OTO)K. Cb nOJIo)KeHieMb H "HopMaHil1"..OBaHHblxbHCTOljHHKOBb. 11 MYHKb. 1850. T 109) . H3) Ibidem. pp. Parpm. . r. H. 101) Hamburg.meHiSl106 H. VII. St.157-162 Ii T.. H. He HaXO..1O CKa3aTb. 3Ta rnrioresa BCTptTI1J1a Bb cseepnof Russes". Depping. Sc. pp.lJ.llHO JIHue Cb O.llHUilO asropa Bb 06meMb Wariago-Russorum 60JIbWYIO Haponnaro npOCBt.ll.b. rareil Bb )KYPHaJIt. I1 51CMt. n.llp06HOMY BI1KI1Hrt.e Cb CI1MnaTieH. CTp. crp. 1839. anuanu He 06b nparowt.HY 113b Hecroposuws csoetl PIOPI1KOMb. 143. 450-470. a nne(H OHb HaXO.MeUKHXb rrsronacea H caMblXb H3CJIt.lJ. 1836.0 IIP en tJl ax b H o pMaHiH Ii n a as a ai a Ho p a a a o e s Ii Pyc c o m.llt.".HOMb H npOTHBb nOHHMaHiSl rppamcno MHt. Ill) Ibidem.. CYMMHBO BCt.sro MSlHHHKb rapaJIb. a 6JIaronpi5lTHblH 113. )1(. . BToprHYBlllHxCSI Bb 844 r o n y Bb H cnauho 11 o n y c r our a aur a x s CeBliJlJlY.POPHKbIOTJ1AHnCKIH H PIOPHKb HA4AJ1bH0t1 J1't>TOnHCH 237 Bb 3TOMb OCBt. n. 110) "Remarques critiques sur les An tf q u it e s Ru s s e s de M.109 Chronicon 3TOMb HaKOHeUb.OBaHiSlXbnporp. 33-38. 15.llt.t. Y1MlIepaToPY HI1KOJIalO naBJlOBI1'lY· 108) "Y13CJItnoBaHiSl. )1(.lJ.060pOHa J1tTOIII1CI1 PYCCKOH HeCTopoBOi1. OTHeCJIHCb Kb HeH 114 corJIaCJ1JIHCb Cb Hei1.llHJIb B03MO)KHOCTH COrJIaCHTbCSIH Bb1CKa3bl- Becrtpom.e lOG) .THJIH 6JIaronpiSlTHaro CJIOBaMH: "npOTHBOpt.0 IIpO Hexo mneH i If PlOP Ii x a".llaMH. MOCKBa. 4TO Fansqinaa». eM. 147.. Leipzig. p. rpyjrs.. Tt.. Gotha and Dorpat. -rro EYTKOBb nOCBSlTI1JIbfI1nOTe3t.TiSl nporpeccopows Bb pSl.. . 03arJIaBJIeHHOMb "Chronicon Danorum. H CHryp. 1850.na Eaporrs.lJ. 112) Ibidem.KOTOPbISl." Cn6. . 386. )1(. . p. CKHXb aHHaJIOBb Bb TOMb CMblCJIt. 171-214.llt. 1839.a1l1.lI.. KaKb. n.HCTBHTeJIbHOCTH Bbl. "Be- . p. TonHCH KpY3e pl1Ka Ht.129-151.llI1JIb MHoro HeT04HocTei1 Bb neransxt.t. Rafn et sur l e Ch r o n icon Nortmannorum de M. 201. CTp..JIaJIbKpY3e. 1851. M.b-Cl1f11CPPI1.

naers nO.eCSITHJItTieaa .OBaHm H. Saga-book of the Vi kin g So ci e t y. . 56 ynoMHHaeTCSI. <l>oreJIb BI1.Det Norske folks Historie".OCTH)J(eHilO UtJIH.HHaCTI14eCKHXbI1HTepeCOBb. BCKOJIb3b.apSI paooraat.tJISleTb H3b 'IHCJIa "BOCTO'lHbIXb" BHKHHrOBb Pop H K a Cb ero nJIeMSlHHHKaMHrO.aBHOssnuenuref nonynapnoti Wei t g eschichte A. 1891) He TOJIbKO naers SlPKYlO KapTHHY BHt.Il.Il. by Sir Henry Howorth.Munch.Il. xorna 3TH nccn'snuie SlBJ1S1IOTCSl HaH60J1te . H OHt BCKOpt 6blJIH 3a6blTbI. Bb HtKOTOPOMb.JIe)J(HOCTb Kb TOMy HJIH npyroay uapCTBeHHOMY PO. xoropue pansure. Tax» Ha6tm HopMaHOBb ua sanannyro Espony. die Genealogie des Rus s is c h e n fiirstengeschlechtes betreffend". OC06eHHO. 1920.YHraMI1) 11 Bbl. repMaHiH .Il. Roy.Il.t "'1 CTp. T. suaunanuras BblCeJIeHiSIH Ha6tm BHKHHrOBb. rJl.bl H. K. Keary) Bb "The Vikings in Western Christendom" (London. 173-176.OBb Cb I1HrJIHHraMH. HO rorosaro. HO H apse sucrynana OT. JIarO.eCSlTHJItTiSl.Il. Soc.Il.H Y nacs. npacrynare merkungen.Il.Il. Kl1pl1 (c.OMbMYHKa (P.Il. euie 60JIte. Bb rexenie BTOPOH nOJlOBHHbl npouinaro CTOJltTiSi H. f.OBaTeJIeH eroro nepiona Bb AHrJIiH.Il.HHaBCKHxb 6 Y'IeHblXb H psna H3CJIt. London).aJIbHii1OT3BYKbmnoreau KpY3e MOJKHOHaHTH Bb HeJl.HTb OHb aa nocreneumswe aasoesanlews H nonyrnusn. OHb yxaausaeru na CBSl3b Hal160JIte Bbl.p06HYlO KapTHHY HopMaHCKI1Xb Ha6troBb sa aananuyro Eepony.eMb TSlrOCTHOMb <pOHt rpaoexef H paaopeuis.Il. Bb nocrrsnals .tJISIeTCSIna 06ll1. npn nepsoa .1 H Bb ero 113JIO)J(eHiH na <pHrypa Popnxa SIpKO sucrynaert. ua nOCTeneHHOCTb BOBJIelJeHiSinOTOMCTBa I'apansna I'ansneraua. HO H BbIBO.OBHKa Bnarosecrnaaro H.HBWaSiCSI HaMH ("Harald fairhair" and his Ancestors.HTb Bb HeMb 'IeJIOBtKa npennpiawmearo. 1840. 113JIaraJIHCbronsxo Cb TO'lKH 3ptHiSi "nOTepntBWI1Xb". nO.lJ.B03MO)J(HOCTH.OMOMb (CKioJIb. lJTO 3aCTaBJISleTb BHHMaTeJIbHOnepecaorp'srs npexnie BblBO.HTbHtKOTOPblSl3aKOHoMtPHOCTH aroro npouecca.OMb CHr<PPH. cKaH. Wirth'a. CTaJIH H3JIaraTbCSI Bb CBSl3HCb ncropiea Ilau!a.Il. .Il.OBb . Pa60Ta XOBopTa 0 I'apansnf npeKpaCHOBOJIOCOMb.OBaHiH"Die Normannen und das fraenkische Reich" (1906.Il.lJ.lJ. npexpacnaro OpraHI13aTOpa nOxO.tJIbHbISIrpynnu BHKHlirOBb.Il.Il.y H He06bl'{aHHOe nepennerenle 3KOHOMH'IeCKHXb H . .OYC06HUb ero CbIHOBeH.lJ. na OCHOBaHiH <ppaHKCKHXbH aHrJIO-CaKCOHCKHXbXPOHHKb.06HO XOBOPTY.lJ. Bredsdorff. Fanerpnaua. yxaasreaert. H Bbl.alOllI. paaopeuiews uacnfinis Kapna BeJ1HKarO na <pOHt Me)J(.Il.Il. pp.Il.06b 060HXb Propasaxs. Bb pacnpa cblHoBeH nlO.p06HO OHb OCTaHaBJIHBaeTCSl POPI1Kt. HaCTOH'IHBarO Bb nposeneala pas's nOCTaBJIeHHoti UtJIH. noxonu KOTOPblXb OHb paaonpaers.lJ.Il.MOJKeT'b OblTb Jl. H Ha6troBb. HXb npHHa.YHroBb-raJIb<p. OTOHTHOTb HHXb.lJ.ecSlTI1JItTieMb CJIt.. Heidelberg). Bb 06JIaCTH apXeOJIOriH H Y nacs. oc06eHHO nO. IX.OMb. 113b BctXb BHKHHrOBb. H BHYKOBb ero Fapansna 11 Pop H K a. Illaeuia H Hopseriu.Il. HCTOPHKOBb.Il. Ilpa 3TOMb BblSICHHJlaCb He TOJIbKO COBOKYIlHOCTb nOJIHTHKO-3KOHOMH'IeCKHXb <paKTOPOBb. Bb JIHUt caua Fapansna.ti1cTBHTeJ1bHbIMb cpenCTBOMb Kb . 61>JlSlEBb 60JIbllHlHCTBO Y'IeHarO Mipa ooparuno MaJlO BHHMaHi~ ua paooru KpY3e.Il. Mem.Il. H HaKOHeUb <l>oreJIb Bb H3CJIt.aHH. Copenhague.Il.238 H. A.CKHMb B KOpOJ1eBCKI1Mb . H na aanarrs.Il. raxoe )J(e BOBJIelJeHie HMnepiH Kapna BeJIHKarO Bb 60Pb6y CKioJIb. vol. Y)J(e npHBO. Cb npyroa CTOPOHbl.Il. Bb nepeyio sereeprs HblHtwHSlrO npOH30WJIO MHOrOe Bb 06JIaCTH HCTOpH'IeCKHKb H3CJIt.HXCSI HKHHrOBb Cb IOTJIaH.<PPI1. na oCHoBaHiH neransuaro CJIH'IeHiSI <ppaHKcKHxb . Christiania 1852) 11npyraxt.Il.Il.peHiSi BHKHHrOBb Bb sananayro Espony. des Antiquaires du Nord.rsronncen Cb KJ1aCCH'IeCKI1Mb TpY.lJ.lJ.

Po P 11 Kb lOT Jl a H.I1H'b 113'b nepesacneuuux» KpY3e HHr. cnaH.Ll.i1- BpeMSI CHOBa Bbl.Ll.n. Tt.THTb.II. B's m) Vogel. . npyroa oc06eHHO paoors pyuiarcs BCt.HH TtMb 3THX'b lJTO npOHCXO.CKiti. POPI1K'b no OTUY repuortnpOCJlt.e. ibidem. KaKb 3TH nYTI1 npa- BO.CTPOHKH" rnnoresu KpY3e.aT4l1Ka KOJleUb sa CBOIO CK i OJl b..JIaJIH. lJTO OTb Hero 3aBHCHTb 6 blTb HJ1HHe 6blTb KapJ1Y J1bICOMY06J1a. 60JlbWiSl .e ueHTpaJIbHOMb <pant.Ll.Ll. HeS!cHocTH.I0111arO. np03BI1111e "MeTaTenSl" HJlH pa3.Ll. C'b ocoooa YBt. .n.TOHacTynHJ10 Piopaxa. PIOPI1Kb CJ1aH- rsauoayra. crepeoranuoa YMb.tmt TaK)I(e.aHt. Ht. 236.BHHYTb3TOT'b xoropue aonpocs.Ll. lJTO HI1 O.M'b ecrs 06111aro KOJll1lJeCTBa HaKOnl1BWI1XCSIaa 3TO BpeMS! nannux» He MaJIO H TaKHXb <paKTOB1> H HOCTb H.rl KI1X'b Jlt.TonHceH lIeCKOM'b ropH30HTt.eMb.aTeJ1eMb H liTO HMeHHO Kb HeMY.BaJ1CSI. lJTO cpena Y)I(e He COMHt.OCTa11 CJIaBbl. Fanstpnananoas.CKIH H PIOPHKb HA4AJ1bHOti J11>TOnHCH 239 Kb neperosopaws H YMt.HTb nOCJIt.t.HJ10 npe. nOCTaBHTb ce6S1 Bb TaKOe Bb TPY.-OtrYP. soapaxenie Iloronnua. KaK'b.TOMb HJ1HC1>npocsoaaa. I1MeHHO Bb CBt.uCTaBHTeJlIO asaruaro H CJ1aSHarO pona crpauu HY)I(Hbl TOlJHOe KOJlHlJeCTBO BI1KI1HrOBb.. Ht.Ll.n.Ll.uHt.Ll.n. n06J1t..II.II. HalJHeM'b C'b cooopaxeuta 06111aro xapaxrepa. 11 asnue CKiSl roproaus nonpoduo H roproaue CBSl3b C'b ¢>pl13ieti 11 crpexnenle <PPI13CKOti TOprOBJleH 11 I1Cn0J1b30BaTb Bb CBOI1Xb UtJlSlXb crauuia na npexuis resesie BH. HaMH He crasuias J1oTapHHriH1l5 HtCKOJ1bKO CJ1YlJaSlXb3a COBt. PlOpHKOBb. PlOpHKa. Bb 11peanos's B'b . cnoc06Hblti BaJ1CSI cneuiansuo nOCTaBIHb 11 BblOOJlHHTb llH1POKiSi aanaxu. pt.Ll. nOKa3aJlO C'b nOJ1HOHy6t. B1> HCTOpHlJeCKOH nepcnexrusf HenpieMJ1eMOH.I1JlH ero nYTI1.OBaTb sa 60J1bWarO c~60ti . J-ianpI1Mt.11ui10.HtJIH "Ha. HCTOpiH nepiona BHKHHrOB'b H 6blTa HXb. lJTO POPHKb O. Ht.n. HO qmrypa "nt. OTeUb nOJIYlJl1Jlb csoe c r a pa r o Ha6t.3KO 11 onpen'sneuno aucrynaers BOnpOC1> 0 raJIb<p.Ll. HalJHHalOTb oopautarscs CJ10BOMb nepem.HiSIMb EYTKOBa.HbiXb Y)I(e nonoxente. 60JIt.pb.uHJlH ero K'b EI1PKt Mennapf BeJ111 Kb Hosropony. BO)l(. Bb HCTOpHlJeCKOM'b CYllleCTBOBaHiH o n H 0 r 0 WHX'b pa60TaX1> HTaKb.nan'se. O.e. KaK'b 6Y.Tie uenocpencreenno HopMaHOB'b Hoaroponfs.uHO 11 TO )l(e JIHUO. cxopse rocynapcrseuuuf HY)J(HO 3aMt.t. POpI1Ka. KYHHK'b B1>CBOHX1>n03. 11 I1cnblTaHHblM'b csoero Mbl nponcxoxneals OTb CKioJlb.n.Ll.Ll.Ll. CTOPOHbl.p'b.HTeJ1bHOCTblO.HMOCTb ynasanocs 6blJll1 coripars H y6t.HOrOH e.JlSI KYHHKa 3TY mnOTe3Y Bb OCHOBHOMb »ce H HaH60J1t. no caraws H . Cb H OTnaJIH MHoriSi T.Ll. TO H . MO)J(eT'b 6blTb..CK i i1a a s na.Ll.a B'b . a HMeHHO OHt.cTa MHoriSl pasp'sureaun paap'sureuu: COMHt.n.eTaHa 11npairsm. POpl1Kb 11 BI1KHHrI1.eCS!TI1J1t.POPHKb IOTJlAH!l.PY)I(I1Ht. nosaneuho Kb .YHrOBb.Ll. uieapocrs cn as u rnasauxt. HanpHMt.peHHOCTb!O B1> ycntxt nOWJlI1 6bl I1MeHHO aa <pPI1CPPH3scero crapuwi.n. YKa3bIBaIOT'b na eCTeCTBeH- norryuieala MbICJ1H.Ll. p.HHTeJ1S1 MopeH".-B H 0 npOWJlOM'b cwyutaeurla KYHHKa. rnaauus Ornaaaeri.n.Tb HH MaJ1ti1waro HCTOPHKOB'b He HHTepecoHaMeKa H. Kb KOHUY csoes )l(H3HH. H H K b OpraHI13aTOpb B'b BctXb npenurecreyiotuee Ho eroro MaJlO.Ll. e.CTBaH Jll1lJHOe ooasnle uienpocra Taxu.uI1HCTBeHHaro. TtM'b H60 "npOTHBoptlJiSl" H60 He MeHt.uJlSl oprauaaauin nOXO.Ll.Ll.Y H r'b 11 Ha CJlt.II.aJ1bHiS! Cpe. Mbl 11.HOH aa B03pa)J(eHiSI npOTHBb TO)l(- Esponu: necraa 0 rI1nOTe3t. KpOMt aasnantm.n.JlaMH 3anaJI.Ll.PyrHMb npenaua He06xo. cauaaewue nansmotocs- BepHYIO 3Kcne. H PIOPHKb H3YlJeHie cooopaxeain. POPHKY. lJTO TOJ1bKOnpe.t.MeuJll1lJHOCTb ua I1CTOPH- HH PIOPHKOM1>. naxe HiS!M'b.rOB'b I'ap Fapansna rl1Jlb.n.Tb Mt.

xoropoe 11Mb 6blJIO YCMl1peHOCb 1l0MOLUbIO narsaa's. 1891 (pp. BHKHHr~6b. and Shipping during the viking ages". CJIt. pp.tCb sacxaausaer-s npennonoxeuie. KOTOPbIMb oim Hosroponfs. A. Moyepb. AHHaJIbI ynoMHHaIQTb H 0 npyrows "Dux FreCbIHt Parnapa Jlonopoxa 11. A. Tpe6JleHiIQ. aooouie VI CPPH3bI. "The Viking Age". C. X.ll6 H3BtCTHO. P5I.ll. CTaJIH MaJIO-nO-MaJIY BXO. p.l1.ny apXeOJlOrHlIeCKHXb HtCKOJlbKO IX-ro BtKa. "Seafaring ss. Vogel 3. nnrepecawa BHKHHrOBb H. Bb OTJIHlIie OTb cynom.naJIeKO He raxs 11 6paTbeBb ero orua KoeH nnxorna Ilopecrana. lITO CPPH3bI. 1928.nbIlIeCTBO n06t. Kb c06CTBeHHO <l>PH3iH. pp. v. CJlt. 1926) (Onacauie 11CHHMOKb Gokstad'cxaro Kopa6JISI.ll. VI.naHHOMb cnysas. ("Die No r m a n n e n". 76). Berlin. 11 BHCJIa. ss. pp. Meereskunde. YCTOHlIHBbI51. 3HaKOMble HaMb no caraws uaxonoxs. Kb nepioay "npl13BaHiSl KHSl3ei1"· 117) Bb 867 rony 6blJIO B03cTaHie <pPH30Bb npOTI1Bb POpI1Ka. I1Xb BJIi5IHi5I. "The Vikingsin Western Europe". I. >KeHaI'ynpona BeJII1KoJItnHaro. lITO y KOHYHra. MeHte HXb . 11 CKaH.240 VI-ro H VII-ro BtKa na Cb IQrOMb H BOCTOKOMb.. nOJlb3YIQTC5I 3aCJIY)J(eHHOH nonYJl5IpHOCTbIQ. snposews. H. TOJlbKO Bb . W. 108-109).lITO HO H nepsoe HeBOJlbHO aueprieti ynoMHHCIHie 0 HHXb Bb JItTonHC51Xb CB513aHOCb HMeHeMb Popaxa.nHHCTBeHHbIMb Bb pony CKioJIb. 70-87.eCCaHTa" na HHXb. aupacorana cynua nam..ll. p. 0 Kopa6JISlXb BI1KI1HrOBb 11-23.HHaBCKoH TOprOBJIH. Taxoro >Ke MHtHiSl nep>KHTCSI Bugge (Saga-Book.13-27. "Normannerne".naBHHWHeH Popnxa ssmonuenle OTKpbITie nenpepuanaro Kb rpekasrs H3b . rnna.lI. <l>pH3ieH.nHHXb JItTb.. VI. Brogger. A. C. 1907. 15). 3TO CY. Cb HHTepecaMH CKaH.HHTepeCOBb Cb 11 Kopa6JIH rOBOp5I. 485). I.YTb OTb CPPH30Bb.ll.n6pOKa penserpno asrcryrtaeru. 0JlbWarO 6 napycnaro Bb TOHHa)J(a 11.-61iJlSlEBb CPPH3bI nepxanu Bb CBOHX:b pyxaxs BCIQ TOprOBJIIQ Esponu MbI ynoMHHaJIH. KaKb oruoureuie Popaxa. aa MbICJlb. Vogel. W. p. 1876-82 (0 cynaxt. He MOrJlO 6bITb JIYlIWHMb orinananle nasano Bb <l>pH3ieti. 118) Saga-Book." - Bb KOHCTaHTHHOnOJIb. H.. KaKb aJIb6a. T. H enepmsuaro sonuaro TeJlbHbIMH. suure nYT5IMH Cb iora I1MnepiH H. BHYKt Carypna PHHra. p. H. ero pyxa aa «oropoe CPJlOTb raxoro H CBOHCTBa.nHBwaro KaKb yxasam.noBaTeJIbHO. na H noHe noxenle CbIHOBeH Paruapa JIo. Kapna cssep's CJIY)J(HJIH 'uYHaH H PeHHb.nYHrOBb.I-II. no BeJIHKarO 11 60JIte sonauc nyrn. HO I1HTepeCHO 3aMtTHTb.nCTBiH Bb I'anaf lITO OHH He TOJIbKO H.118 <l>PH3i51Y66e 3TO T.usro nnaeanis.UaHiH H CKaH. O. HecoMHtHHO no TOMY BpeMeHH CPJlOTOMb H OlIeHb euie nOCJIt. TtMb 116) "N ordische Seefahrten im f r ii h er e n Mittelalter". CBSJ3HH BJla. . J.nOBaTeJlbHO.HHaBbI 6bIJll1 H no BTOPOH nOJlOBHHbl T. 1908.xoroparo TaK)J(e. 225). HeCMOTpSlna paaopeais He HaTaJlKHBaTb npennpiawraaaro MelITbI HopMaHOBb HaBiH. sonum" Y66e. Saga-Book. aa 3TOMb Kopa6JIt 6blJIa noxopoaeua KOpOJIeBaA3a. Steenstrup.The 0 s e b erg s hip. 83. VI ryrs Onepi.!" Cb TaKOH KalIeCTBa 3HalIH- npnxonart.l. s. HeCB5I3aHHaro Cb HeH. HMeHHO Bb HalIaJlt HOBbIH ram. v. HalIaJIOCb BHKHHrOBb. A.HTb Bb crpepy CTOJIKHOBeHie H cnnereuie OTBa)J(HbIMHMopexo.J. Heft VII. npa Bpasannf Fapansna I'ansneraua. v. f.naMH. Bugge.I1 nnasarouiie na x o r r a x i.HO npnnannexarj. A. p. He MOrJlH paBH51TbC5I b 60raTCTBaMH C TaMb . qui Co kin g i novo nomine dicuntur" (P e r t z. peccypcawn na nyru <l>PH3iH He MOrJlO . 1909. CTp. '1TOK 0KHHrl1 3TO JIIO.lI. cneuiansuo H.H- Bapsri. 6bIJlb He e. BI1KI1HrOBb11 0 '1I1CJIt . Saga-Book. "H3b POPHKb. Cyna 3TH XopOWO HaMb TO)J(e 3HaKOMbi no TOMY WHPOKOMY ynonOJlb30BaJlHCb BnOCJlt. London.352). otinananle BCIQ )J(H3Hb 60pOJlC51 POPHKb. peccypcsi y xoro 6bIJlH uam.3Kl1na>Ka" 11 ". Mawer (Travel & Travellers of the Middle Ages. London. ibidem. "Korm". npl1 3TOMb CJIY'Iat rl1HKMapb Pei1McKiH rosopar-s: "incolae.ll. "MaJlaSl" HJlH cssepnaa <l>PH3i51. Keary. OKOJIO8SO rona: T. 1-40. lITO BOCTOlIHble nonroe Mtpt BpeM5I HXb rJIaBHbIMI1 paCWHpeHi5I rpanmn. VI.

TO. M.6pOKa Bsopirs.Y POPJ1KOMb 11 CblHOBbSlMH HanpaBJISlfOUJ. lIYBeTBOBaJ1aCb OblJ111raiose H unrpora BeJ1HKarO .0 co)({rJ111 J1Xb He APJ1b 11 HI1Mb 11 HanpaBI1J1I1Cb Bb I1TaJ1ifO.SlTCSIBblnl1CKI1 Robert Wace (p.OpOKa.lJ.a 11 BOI1 cs HIlMb ornYCTI1".n.n. nananeais co CTOPOHbI BOCTOI.pymMb.lJ. Bb Mapoxxo. aa TO. 859-61". s. 119) "Second Viking Expedition to Spain A.Il. 172.lJ. cTp.n. 11Cb cssepa. uiarows pa30p"J11 ryna. sacrs no. npI1BO.HSlJ1J1Cb no POHt.CKlti H PIOPHKb HA. Bb rpancxpnnuiu $paHKCKJ1Xb Rorik. OOJ1te H3BtCTHOMY axcnennuho 06paTHMCSI JItTonHcueBb fO)({HOMY nYTI1. '{TO . Saga-Book.245) 0 noxon's faCTI1HrCa aa PI1Mb. Y n113bl. I1Xb noopanacs .b BI1KHHrOBb eblHb Hcnania. 3aMtt{aeTb c:t>oreJ1b. I. Chronicon. 121) Vogel.HOBpeMeHHO 11 eb ioro-aanana.Il. BMtCTt xorna opranasoauaaercs 60J1blllOH Cpe. <{TOObl eI.n.n. (Bb TOJ1bKO cJ1YlJai1 3aBeJ1b a Bb JIfOHY. PYI<OH. 3I1MOBOKb.nt cpencrsa Bct peH.aSl pyxa r." ("Roman de Ro u".113eMHO-MOPCKOH nOXO. de Rome rei fereit. ua 62 cynaxs.b nauauxt. Tarurueas. OHb )l(e snane 11Mb OCKOJIb.n. Kb ce6t.lJ. Macy.JaSl. Y Ha4aJIbHaro: J1tTO16 ... no . J. 120) "E Hastainz dist k'a Rome ireit Bier.t H Haotrt. Fpeuia: nocnf XBaTaJ10 rorna" 11 ynoMHHaeTb aroro Hie na noxona I'peuiro Kb 861 rony.n. "lJT06bl He 3aMKHYJ10Cb KOJ1bUO". Becroeprs."Chronicon N o r t m a n n o r u m". Ro- OHb HOeJ1Tb.OMb 122 na KOHCTaHTJ1HOnOJIb ptlJHblMb reneps OHO nepenaercs Ilrrsrtpy. I. R.Hxb J10. 3HaI. VI. U2) "IOaKI1MOBCKaSl J1tTonIlCb". Bet OblTb Paruapa uaocopcrs.lJ.n. xoropoe TO KaKb oa3Y Bb HOBfOPO. BO rnaaf ero CTaHOBI1TCSI npyrof Parnapa JIO. "PYCbl Bepxa. v. I1MeHHO Kb 860 rony.I1Tb uiars sa HaJ1eTOMb.HOMY cxonanacs HHTH 11 aananuoa. sro Y nacs HtTb na B03MO)({HOe cOnepHHlJeCTBO Me)({.eHO HopMaHaMH o.CTBeIiHbIMH CBSl3SfMH Cb BbOPHOMb.ull II 51Ky6u".nt 866 rona na Ilapsrpam-. HopMaHbl eHOBa KaK'b 11 Bb 844 rony aHHaJ1bl119 CeBI1J1bIO. npyroro CTpeMJ1eHieMb YKa3bIBaIOUJ. nonycrars. OHI1 OTnJ1blJ111Bb Hat{aJ1t 859 rona OTb CBOI1Xb naroru HaMb B03MO)({HOeTb npOCJ1t. Cb ACKOJ1b.lJ.HOM 11TOM )Ke utJ111 .lJ.JHTaTb. Hosropona Bee H JlHtnpOMb. "MaJ1aro He 859-860).. DO.aBHO naspseana OHb HanpaBJ1JIb ero PO. TO Rorih.aI. roprosaro nyru. KaKb Y Hero H . 3aMb1CJIa. AJ1b-BeKpl1. Ibidem. Par no it vindreut el port de Lune.n.b 859-861 r. 3a6paJ1I1Cb Bb Hexop's.• npacnauia Kb PIOPI1KY npenaia MY)l(I1 npOCI1TIl na nOCJIeTb Kb HI1Mb CbIHa I1JlI1 I1Ha KHSl3sr KHSl)l(I1TI1.JI1Tb uanane6blJ10 nyrn. Cb raCTI1HrOMb.t.n. npe)KHeMb BbInOJIHI1TeJ1S1MH ueonuo11 BOCTOI. 1160-1189.oeTaTOI.JY.JTO. OHI1 BepHYJ1l1eb uasam. )1(. OpraHJ130BaBb Kb HMeHI1.JHarO ysacrxa 6blJ1H co CTOPOHbl Bet cpenaaeanaro J1I1KarO sonnaro I. f. "DOJISIHe 11Fopsne YTtcHSleMb16bIBwe OTb Koaaps . npOH3BeII.HO eb . D. 121 0 noxo.. HaKOHeUb. si kome les mena fortune. Stefanson. 060mYBb I1cnaHiIO.JTOObl COMKHYTb nyrs aanyaars eapsr's H BhtnOJ1HHTb TaKYfO Bee nact.POPHKb IOTJlAH. Teneps Mbl 3HaeMb.lJ.JHOi1 $pH3orxpurie )({e BbOPHb OJlHOrO 11raCTI1Hrb. Wace.JHbIH xpyroaopt-.aTY HY)KHO OTHeCTJ1 naaam.Il. ibidem. 1908. p. n0J1b3YSleb nOCJ1aJ1b na KOHCTaHTHHOnOJ1b no nyrew». Bb rpexn" CJIOBOMb.OMb 60J1blllOMb KpaTHO sucrynana y POpl1Ka eKOH TOprOBJ1H. Kb O. TO Rorie. ysaasraaers Tt Popuxa H peccypcu Bb Ka)({.IlaHHbISi aa TO. CTp. H. 3a. I. 42. BeMOPSf. sro J11160 06a rates pac-nrranu onsrrnof ua OOXO.n. D. 11 apaocxie sa I1Xb 6eperOBb. O. "113b aene'rs Kb TOMY. BOJ1XOBOMb 11J111 aTO 6blJ10 onnoapewenusrwt.JT06bl COBnaCTb H3b Tpynuo QT06bl cosnaneaie aTO 6blJ10 Hrpoi1 CJ1Yl. Kruse. Kb PHMY. onuoro Hcnauia.JTO MblCJ1b y Popnxa.n.ByXb eOnepHI1KOBb. 245).n.n. a caMb.3S.120 HO. Morb 11 Kb HeMY O.{AJlbHOti Jl1>TOnHCH 241 MeHte. 379-382. soxpyrt. "Normannen".Il. ibidem.lJ. no nsyxt.n.

I. 845.ll..242 H.bH llHpb na Fpexa".aeTCSI eaeanoria H KpaTKiSi CBi>. R u sse s.a. JIaMaHcKiH. BH. H npasenensr Bb Hl1iKeynoMHHaeMoMb CJIOBapi> JIHH.n.O s a Ca r a.lI.CKHXb AHHaJIOBb(Cb runoreaoa <l>pHUJIepaSI3HaKOMb muus no aecsaa HHTepecHoMY paseopy es.lI.ll. 1844.311MyH.lI. c08peMeHHHKb Onarpa HOp8e)KCKarO. oonSlEBb ricus. 1925.naura <pop.n.lI.ilOH KOJIOHH30BaBllIHXbee. r H onua H3b H38tCTHblXb HcnaH. B 123) "Rex eorum nomine Rorik".Y xpoaorpadia IX Bi>Ka (212) YKa3aHO. e. H Bb JIi>TonHcHy aacs nOSlBI1JIOCb Rorik. nHCUOBblSi KHHrH I1cJIaH. Tr e c.n. Mbl Y)Ke ynoaanana 0 PIOPHKi. Per t z.l1. . . H CaKCOHb FpaaMaTHKb. -JIaH.iH.CKHXbaJlbcp.Ha's HHKHTbI IladiJIarOHSlHHHa np. Vigfusson &: f. O. Prud.YaeTCSI cpa8HHTeJlbHO Ol{eHb psnxo.201). cJIi>. a Y BH3aHTiticKaro xpoaorparpa-c pyccaau. 1834.i> .lI. 'ITO aaxoxneuie nOCJIi>.-"MeTaTeJlt KOJleUb" (Cnaynr-eanoayra). OTh Reer e k.n. <l>JIOPOBCKHMb. S 6paHb Y Thomsen'a. n.ll.lI. CTp.Bonpocs 0 HMeHI1PlOpHKa pasoA. y KYHHKa. CKaH.lI. 170. 11. "BapSirH H PYCb". . Ann.lI. Q TOMb )Ke PtoPHKi. T. 124) "Origines Islandicae".Be r uf u n g''. Ru o d. onncam.n. Verum quia nuIla racione inexpugnabilem leder valebant urbem. "Roric nepos Herioldi".OBOHcarn.ll. APH "Y'IeHaro" HJIH "MY. Ant." JK. JIi>TonHCb) CTOHTb: "Bb JIi>TO 6374 (866) nne ACKOJIb.n.n.paro" (1067-1148). Cx a aa n l e 06b 3 11 MYH. 743). 850. 850.lI. 'ITO 18 IIOHSI 860 r. D. TaKb iKe KaKb H KOHe'lHOer. 3TOTb noxom. KaKb peJIHri03HO-3nH'IeCKOe npoaasenenie H KaKb HCTOpH'IeCKitiHCTO'lHHKb.HSlrOb Apxanenarf 6blJIO Bb CBSl3HCb axcnennulea Biopaa H Facraarca.Bb Apxanenar-s.OH.w H nOTOMY aro HMSIH3BtCTHO 8b Hcnaunln.b 6 k APH lsI <l>POTH (183).lI. C."Hrrerek Slrengvand-bauge" ynoMHHaeTCSI Landnama-Bok. BCeCHJIbHO nopaxeau H Y.l1. 6blJlb ynnanncxaws KOHYHroMb H 6paToMb 3HMYH.lI. KaKb aanp.lI. A.CKaH.18 (27-31).12[) TOMceHb r080pHTb.OBaTeJIbHO..i> rOBopHTCSf: "Haraldr hilditonn I borinn H r cer i k i I slaungvanbauga. CeHKoBcKil1".'ITO OHa 6JIHiKe CTOI1TbK'b Rorih'y Cb <l>YJIb. 6y." (A n t.eTb Hr6rekr .i>HiSi HopBeiKCKHX'bponaxs.n.Bb KOHUi>nepiona BI1KHHrOBb aasansaoe H CTaJIOnOCTeneHHOHC'Ie3aTbBb npoasaoureaia.HHaBCKHxb BHT SI3 SIX b.aJIHJIHcb". 40. 3. Xant.OCHoBaHieMb .i> PHHrOBH'Ii> H Pa r n a p s Ar n ap o an s-t. JIaTHHcKii1TeKCTb nepenaers 3TO. y rOJIy6HHcKaro "11 cr o p ia PYCCKOti ue p x s a". p.HaMa-60Kb. . II p.\\a PlOP HKb SlBJlSleTCSI coaepuieaao eCTeCTBeHHblMbnenocpencrsennuws 3aHMCTBOBaHieMbH3b npesae . CM. Mocsaa. . KPOMt tOTJlaH.i>Cb. VH.laSl . Powell. T. I.ll. 1903..lI. -Bb "ni>cHi> rHH.Hnaecxaro. l. Kb I{HCJlYpacnpocrpaueuuuxu 8b CKaH. M. OHb ynoaanaercs 8b cart 06b QJla<l>t H 8b 3i1MYH.n. Ilpyroji PIOPHKb. 1852. "JKHTie CB. . "The Relations between Ancient Russia and Scandinavia" 1877. 1901.JIbl" (Hyndluljod) Bb Crapotl 3. T. "npHllIJIH PYCbl Bb 200 cynaxs. ad a.. KaKb "procreatus Ree r e k o".n. Y. Bb "BeHeuiaHcKoti XPOHHKi>" 10aHHa Iliaxona : "Eo tempore Normanorum gentes cum trecentis sexaginta navibus Constantinopolitanam urbem adire ansi sunt. ynoaanaert. I a v i a.lI. Bb m) "S aga Ey m undar".Hrrerik. EH6JIioTeKa .lI. Scriptorum. p. H ' HOO BH3aHTiticKaSi apMiSi 6b1J1aBb MaJIoti A3iH. Ha3b18aSlero Roricus Slyngebond .CKHXbceMeH. 14). ad a.lI. H r oer e k r. 3MHrpHpoBaBllIHX'b r 0 Bb I1CJIaH.lI. KaKb npenoxs Hi>Koero Hrafn enn Heimske (p. COXpaHeHHaSl HaMb carawa H 3. Ann. a <pJIOTb .n. H. 'ITO Y loanaa Il iaxoaa nananasurie naaeauu HopMaHaMH. cTp. Ch ronico n de 0 estis N ormannorum. Bb pyCCKOMbnepeson's. COOT8tTcT8YIOll. "Rorih ••• coepit piraticam exercere".OBb. 3TO onacaaie npaseneno. B. R us s e s. IIOHb H lleKa6pb. 138. C'b 3TOti TO'lKI13pi>HiSl. Bcs 3TH <pOPMblH MHoriSi npyris BCTpi>'1aIOTCSI Bb caraxs.08b (I'apansna H Popaxa). H SI HHKaKb He Mory COrJIaCHTbCSI <i>pHUJIepOMb.r. OHO BCTpi.128 I1MSI3TO He npauannexart. "Northmannorum rex Rori c u s". 594). suburbanum former patrantes beIlum quam plurimos ibi occidere non pepercerunt.p06Hbltipa360pb noxona.OTMi>THMb. no Ce JIHB1lIHXCSI Bb Po CCi 11. et sic predicta gens cum triumpho ad pro priam regress a est".JISI 4TeHiSl.pe8He-CKaH. Ann. n e p e Be JIb Cb 11CJIa Ha CK a r 0 H KP HT H'I e CK H 06 b SICHHJI'b 0. p. PYCCKiI1 nepeeoirs: . PYPHKb (y TaTHUleBa).Feneoaom-.. ynoaauaeauxs Bb Landnamabek.lI.aHH.HHa8cKaS] <I>opMa.lI. noaoiusro acerrbroa Boroponauu OHH 6blJIH onorrtaa xpacriaaaaa. . sro nacua (JIaBp. R 0 r eke r.a(p. T.ll.845. OTb Hero npoacxonart. ad a.n. 183 (191-201). nO.aMorb npopsarscs JIHllIb He'laSlHHbIMb uananeaiews. KHpHJlJIa. III.123 H-Kpl1THKa3THXb B3rJlSl.JISI HeSinOCJIYiKHJIa end i n g a . fuld. B03MOiKHO. PlOP HKb.. I H Co d p aa le co s a a e aif . R 0 r e k r. n03ToMY 11 Bb Sl3bIKi> XpOHHKbua aanairs.HO.ITO <pJIOTbACKOJIb. CTOHTb <popMa H r ceri k. p.lI.i>JIaHHOMY B.HHa8iHj uaooopors.

n ?nl1caHie 5 p a B~ JI JIbl Bb i Cory6poTi.225 H Viking Club Tr a h s l a t io n Se r i e s.n." . p.CTp. HOCHBUlHXbHMSI111 0 p SI H 2 -111 Hr Ba pSI. CTp.II.-"IIIHbrBapb H BeeBOJlo.• 111 p SI CBSlTOCJlaBH'la"]. r 130) "CJlOBO 0 nOJIKY Hr o p s CBSlTOCJlaBIi'la".KOHlJaeTCSi nparrssoat« "Bct OHHTBOH npeaxa. BbIHoeKY NQ 18. 663. 159. Stockholm. . raiose OOb AY. .TonHcb) ynoMSlHYTbl6 KHSIH 3eH. 16* n .II. Lindprandi relatio de Iegatione Co n st an tin') p 0 Iitana".sa paasr ro I1ropeBbl oyero CBSlTbcJlaBJlH'la".Y Hauansaaro Jl'sronacua (Jlaspenr.ll. uanp.n.. H Bb ceoews H3CJItll. Jli.1118. KaKb Il i. Scriptorum. m) Yngvarr-Ingvar. 224. p.HOHH3b HaH60Jlte xapexrepnuxs lJepTb npeasnxt..n. York Powell.1i csraa 111 ro pSI". Onarpa Hopaexcxaro. H H aecsaa nOJIHblH CJIOsaps J1HH. Cn6. Recueil-Kondakov. TaK>KeCor p u ~ Poetlc.Hnrsaps: I1MS1 3TO nponseonsoe OTb Hsapa.ll. R u sse s. Bb "PeJlSluiH" 0 csoea» nYTeUleCTBiHaaasrsaers IIIropSl IIIHrepoMb: "Rex vocabulo Inger erat".II.bsarnasiesrs "Ha'laJlo Pyccsaro roCY. 0 Olll.II.CKHXb nposunuisx» YnJIaH.127 ynoMHHaeTb cpena KOHYHroBb TOJIbKO 3TI1 HMeHa.ll. 421-573. He06bl4HOCTb HMeHH "PlOpHKb" He YCKOJIb3HYJla H OTb Feneouosa.II.uy. TaMb JKe.Kpl1Tl1'leCKiii pa300Pb cam: "Eymundar Saga II pyccxis Jli.t.eTaHi. 1858. H. 113Bi.. nOTOMcTBt Propnxa.HHaCTil1CKioJIb.I1MS1 npauiypa Piopaxa 11 OCHOBaTeJISl.Crapurik opaTb 3wMYH. p. enacxorrs KpeMoHeKiH.II.4 r e a iSlXb Bb 111 n.Y.t rOBopIITeSl: "Ursprungl.ll. 111 r o p ia It M c p e es o c r e n POCCiWCKHXb np a MOCKOBCKOMb YHItBepOlTeTi. 1061-1086..n. xaxnas sacrs rrscua.YTb MHorHMH BtKaMH ecrp'sxarsca Tt Bb uacxonsuiesn. I. I.HiSlnopaancxaro BJllSlHISI (sepest. Pyccxia nepesom.129 »ce HMeHa Piopnxa 11Hropa 6y. eCJIH POPHKb tOTJlaH.b.. 06b I1MeHIffvarr If ero COOTHoweHiHCD lngvar eM.. opyxie) CM.epMaHJlaH.u m Boreale. 192. a Haaps . Tates.a 6blJlb PJOPIIKb.126 O Bb caraxs npyruxs PIOPHKOBb He scrpfnaercs.apCTBa".1819 [Editio Princeps 1800 rona: "repoH'leCKaSlrrscns 0 noxon's na nOJIOBUeBb. CTp.iHH CIO.Jliympaan». '-lTO OHO CTOJIb)J{e He06b14HO H Bb Ilaula.ll.-1II3cJli..II. III. CKaH.. C e H K 0 B CK a r 0. 173).Bapsra H PYCb" OHb roeopart. Bb rrscirs rHH.: "llJISl iuaencxaro KOHYHra HMS1 Hrarekr TaK)J{e CTpaHHO H He06bJlIHO. .YWHbIH".H r re r e k r (p.OPOrHMHPYCCKOMY cep.130 npMBS13aHHOCTbKb CBoeMY P0.iH.a. Gudbrand Vigfusson u f. PJOPHKt H Fapansnf rHJlb. v. .TOnI1CIt". Hyndlulj6d. 594. 1877 pp.Cn6. T. 331.n.Ant.CKiH H nOJIYlJHJIb ero.n. Hsapa BH.CKli:1 H PIOPHKb HA'fAJ1bHOi:1 J1'llTOnHCH 243 sro HMSl BCTptlJaeTCS1 Hept.. London. Fapansny I'ansnerauy Hero OTUYPIOPHKY.ll.<pa.ll. A. CM. V.aC JI 0 B 0 arpaers TaKYJO)f(e POJIb.3a 3eMJlJOPyecKYJO. 126) "Th e ReI a tions b etwee n A n c ie nt Russia and S candin a via and the Origi n 0 f th e Russian Sta te".ll. 1926. 138.AK.ll.n. 131) "Alit er pat aett pin. T.l31a na 3TOH reneanoria CTPOHTCS1peansuoe npaso Orrapa H O. raxt.n.II.JIbl. M on u men ta. I. .-"Tbl 6 y H P JOP It 'l e H Ilaasrne.II.B'b pyccxof Hapo.OBbIMbMMeHaMb CKa3bIBaeTCS1 11 Bb HMeHH cuua PlOpHKa. P ertz. TO Bb seers csoero nparrsna. 1926. KaKb euie 60JIte CJlaBHOeHM~ irsna 6blJIO Y)J{e nauo ero crapuieay 6paTY Fapansny. 71. H.II.POPHKb IOTJ1AHn..n.128 npH6aBHMb. I.II. Ta )J{e BtPHOCTb PO.Y B'b KOHeTaHTHHonoJlt nOeJIOMb IIIMnepaTopa OTToHa I. KaKb . US) "B a p SIr H If Pye b". H "CJIOBO 0 nOJIKY Hropetrs'' npanacrs 3THMb HMeHaMb OC06blti 6JIeCKb H cirsnaers HXb euie 60JIte . CM. II p.I. 1.n.JIS1 PYCCKaro KHSl3SlHMeHa Ka3HMHpa HJIH npH6HCJlaBa" . HaYKb.-"Ryska riket s g r u n d l ag g n in g geno m Scandin a via". QTTapb npOCTO. Bb . r. en sidoform till In g v a rr har f v arr redan i forhistorisk tid blivit ett sjalvstandigtnamn.KO Bb lllBe.". 6ttar heimski" .HoHn033iH Ii Bb HCTOplt'leCKOMbC03HaHIHpyccxaro HapO.. 1882. .n. 6bIBUliH Bb 968 ro. 1876.a"Norsk-Islandska Dopnamn ock finderade Namn fran Medeltiden". Cn o aa p s JlIfH. 14.cTHbIW csoen 00Pb00i1 nporam. CHbOP 0 JI a H.H BCHTPH MCTHeJlaB~'lH". Hrops .oBaHie CJlOBa cs TO'lKII 3p't. cno. Jlsuieuso. 1113B.OBaHiH . 121) Uppsala & Leipzig.Bb crarsf aaropa . . nocestueuaas OC060MY UI1KJIY repoes's. KH.Y Tarauiesa (ibide m.II.n. 1891.YHrOBb.II. 34): "pOJI.. CTpeMJIeHie CBSl3aTbero Cb Hal160JIte CJIaBHblMH HauioHaJlbHblMI1 repOS1MI111 ropnocrs CBOI1MHnpenxaaa S1BJISleTCSl O. nO.I1HaBOBb. . H Xapanyr's".0 EYJIaTi.Me.

4TO 06pa30BaHie. 66.YKa3aHbino nepeaony 513bIKoBa).ll. Stockholm. s. ibidem. Bb 11 ua TOMb.I1HaBCKaro 25 npoucxoxneala (3 Piopaxa. a Cb ynOMI1HaeMbIMI1 nom.ll. KaKb CJ1yH Bb 138 . .ll. 05ttingen.aHie. § 193) oopainaers BHI1MaHieaa aecoors'srcrale roponom. (Ibidem.PY)KHHHHKaMb Onera.Paaucxau iSI". 3TOMb I1MeHHO CMbICJ1-B.a. CTp. I.eCTBeHH-BeTO. npaausae111I1Mb JIeMeHaMb.eMb JII1 Mbl 4HTaTb ero Y CaKCOHa I'paaaaruxa por4aCTO HJII1 Cb KYHI1KOMb.CKarO. Don 51 EBb conepHHKOMb Anraurupews (Angantheow). n ~ 138)WaXMaToBb (Ibidem. 349 (CTp. 296).132 aTOTb nOCJ1t. 6 Hropeti. e. H .-BJIOHe Cb CYlll.cb npliHIiMaJIOCb 60Jli.136 TOJIbKO. 1 51KYHb-raKoHb Ii I Anaaus-Famd» n.139 132)"JIi. OHO 11 Bb OHO BCTp-B4aeTCSI . npI16JlI13I1TeJIbHO. "Die Verbindungen zwischen Skandinavien u n d dem Ostbaltikumin der J ii ng eren Eisenzeit". KaKb Y)Ke He- O. p.i. Illaxaarom-. pona KHSI)Ka. 13~)Lllaxaaroet.n. KPOM-B HOBrOpO. CTp. 06paTHMCSI Kb caMblMb HMeHaMb. 1872. Bb Tru.CKOenpe.ll.-BJ10Bb n0J1b3Y H pona Oneru KHSI)Ka». r. 131)Ibidem. Cb TOMceHOMb }?orvardr 60JIblll0i1 I'opaano 137 npenauis. Caneycosn. pasnapaercs sonpocs 0 npnasania KHSl3ei1.HHaBCKH.a nepeuino Thruwar.YHrOBb. 1929. pona nauiew» CKioJ1b. scero 25.ll. 862 r. T. CCblJ1Kaua ACKOJ1b. 2 I1HrBapSl.eMI1Ka WaXMaTOBa sonpoca.ll.npeaayuiecrsenuua H.eCTBO nepem.pa3HI1Ubl Bb '-ITeHiSlXb He 6Y. COBepweHHO KieBOMb nepens ACKOJ1b..HOKpaTHO OTM-B4aJIOCb H3CJIt.-BikTByeTb OTb nOHI1MaHiH.ll.ll. SlBJISleTCSI CTe11 a TaK)Ke H TO. 38'/0) CJIaBSlHCKIiXb.BOIO )l(e Tpyaopa.TiSl.132.korna. ero KHSl)KeCTBb.CJIaBSlHCKoe.eCTBHTeJIbHbIMb. H He BCTp-B4aeTCSIHI1 I1MeHI1Cnueyca.aHb. 1802. 6bIJIO 2 I1MeHI1.ll.ll. 139) "Cognominatus Thruwar". npoucxoxneuia T.ll. Kunik. T. "Einarr Prjugr".ll. I.OJ1)KeHb 6b1J1b 6blTb BnOJ1H-B nOHSITHblMb H .Ha)l(.ll. 7"/0. T. . 22. 4TO Ha4aJIbHblH JItTonHceUb. 06CTOSlTeJIbCTBOSlBJ1S1eTCSI crpaauaw».i. ynorpeoneno OTTY. ua npH3HaBaeMOMb BctMH roeoparu: . 133)no Jlaspeariescxoa Jl'srormcn (CJIi.PY)KHHHHKaMbOnera. a HMeHHO Bb "Sogubrot" O 3TO I1MSITaMb.xb CJIY'IaSlXb. (T.ll. 3 POrBOJIon." p. 4TO Bb 060l1Xb nepexonart.ll.. Kunik. p.ll. 131 138)An ti qu ite s Rus s e s. K. Ii OKOJlO 118.3n. H npHTOMb ueacuue.a.t rpaMMaTHKa. Illneuepa "H e CTOP b. a Cb npanararensnuws." no MH-BHilO aKa.ll.cTHoe. TOJIbKO H Morb OTM-BTHTb npo 862 ronows.n. HI1 nnua cuaa PlOpHKOBa HopMaHaMH npasaxs Hrops.185 a 3aT-BMb CKa3aTb: "no CHHeYCb yMpe H 6paTb Tpysop's.ll. 28911313.ll. 134)CM. OHb H p-BlllHJ1b . Flpu 3TOMb noncserf '1IiCJlOCKaHn. TpYBOPb 3BY4HTb HecoMHtHHO no CKaH. § 197.ll.OMb. . Nerman.OBaTeJlbHO. 9 OJIerOBb. TaKb )I(e CBOH. onnoro ua "otJI-B03ep-B".ll. Cnueyca .I1TCSl I1MeHb CKaHn. Thruwar. Y Fapansna-Mcracnaaa. 48. npnseanla KHSl3ei1Mbl I1MteMb HOBrOpO.ll.eTb. 4TO OHb .OBaTeJ1S1MI1roro e no aeropa nOBtCTI1 Bpeaenuuxs n-BTb nouina - JIl1lllb OT3BYKH. e.aa 4 CTOJli. 6paTbeBbt34.«BbIHtcTa KHSl3S1.27). KaKb aanp. 6Y. . .Hii1 apryaearu. KHSl)f(eCKI1Xb 315 I1MeHb npI1Xon. ibidem.277.14O (Appendix.CJIi. JItTY Bb npyroro Bb "H360PbCT-B". nayxt. 4aSlXb Mbl HM-BeMb . TaK)f(e B. R u s sis c h e Ann a len etc".HHMb H T-BMb )Ke a KaKb He MeH-Be crpaunasn.YlOlUiSlaa PIOPI1KOMb) aa.ll.blBb C-BBepHOHJIHTepaTYP-B.244 ua npeHMYllI. Bb Ti.e 113Bi.HOaro Cn'snyert- OTM-BTHTb.I1HaBCKIiXb I1MeHbSlBJISIeTCSI npeyaeasweHHbIMb." Cn6.ll.(H) auuecoura Hrops: «a ce ecrs CblHb PIO- npoacxoxneule OTb PlOpHKa.Ber utun z. rn.370. 11 MHOrHXb COTeHb nOTOMKOBb HI1 TpYBopa. 81..133 Y)Kb O. paaa ua n orinanaule Oners CTPOI1Tb na caoesn. 411CJIO"TpeXb" O.Kapaaaairs.ll.ll. KaKb noe'scraosanle 0 OpaBaJIJI-B Caxcona H 3Ha4HTb "BtPHbIH". 11 TpYBOPOMb. 4TO Bb 4HCJ1-BMHOrHXb PlOpHKa HH pasy peorunuoe nom. KaKb H YKa3aJIb KYHI1Kb. 1160 CYllI. CTp. npl1M.Tonlicb no JIaBpeHTieBCKOMY CnIiCKY. Old Russian proper Names).HO a3b eCMb PHKOBb»" . e. .

OBb.KaKb T. p. S HI) "Remarques Critiques". Iloronatrs (H3cJ1t. HHTepeCHblSl cooopaxenls Mbl B03HHKalOTb H npa 60JIi>e nO.PO PH Kb IOT]I A HJlC KJii H PIOPH Kb HA 4A]I b H OH ]I 1'>T0 nHCH 245 4TO KaCaeTCSI Cnneyca. 142) I bid em.II.nOJIaraJIH nepexozrs H 3. Ho 3TO HMSlHe BCTpi>lJaeTCSIHH pasy. 349): "He noxo. SI yaspem.H npenaais 0 scero 6b1Tb 06bSlCHeHbl TOJIbKO KaK'h npxnararensuua.HO Bb roraa caraxs Sig-njotr. HaYKb. 'lTO Y Hasansaaro J1tTonHcua 6blJIa TaKaS!cara. MO)l(eTb 6bIT~? n0.b.Il. 177.II. H "TpYBOPb".II.HyHpJIaH.J1bl. 370). Toprosue nyrn 3TH npHBeJIH nacs Bb DHPKY ua 140) Thomsen (i bid e m.. 138) roaopar's.OH0CHbIH. HMts! cxasaaie BH)l.a(Widukindi res ges ae Saxonieae. e. 'l..II. AKaJl.Il.Y CKioJIb.o6HOnteHt rHH)l.Rareg). KaKb .llJlSl PlOpHKa tOTJlaH.II. Nerrnan (i bid em. a TaK)I(e rrsceunoCOCTaBHTb H3b HI1Xb 3anHCH 6b1JII1HHbIH MaTepiaJlb npH.Illneuep's 3aMt'laeTb ("H e CTOP b".oBaHiSl H. rrscaa CKaJIb.53)n0JlP06HO OCTaHaBJIl!lBaeTeSl "J.I1.II. 967 rona 6pHTTaMH caKCOBb.npHJI.BtpHte.S1Tb npHMi>pbl.HMSl PlOpHKa.II.p06HOMb ny- paacaorpfsal» BonpOCOBb.a.Il.II.II. npa H Bb nepsows CJIYlJai>. Bb 3TOMb npH3BaHiH ynoMHHaeTcSIH "terram latam et spatiosam" H "TPH 6paTa". caaas pi>. H BtPHbl«" (Roerik. Ill. CTp.p06HblMb ooocnosaaiea» sonpoca 0 B03MO)l(HblXb 3Ha'leHiSlXb Sig-njotr Bb JlpeBHeHCJIaHJleKOMb l3b1Kt. E 66) ptwHTeJIbHO oraepraer's ranoreay Illaenepa.ilcKiSi npenaais 0 T P e x b HopMaHcKHxb KHSI)I(eCTBaXb T P e x b npH3bIBaBwlIxb nneaeaaxs (WaxMaH TOBb. . 66 ("socii" for "Osmund") and 71 ("Rurik" BMtCTO "Reric" . 491) nonaram.a. . 'lTO "konnen bekanntlieh die Namen Sineus und Truvor nieht sieher mit irgend welch en Skandinavischen Namen identifiziert werden".t:. HO KYHHKb Bb1865 rony (3an.06 P a)l( e H i51 n o n T Be P)I(. Ha'laJ1bHbIHJ1tTonHceUb H caeas HXb Bb 3anHCH859-862 r. Sig-njotr ok Thruwar). xorna CJIYlJaS!XbCOCTaBHTeJlH aHHaJlOBb H3b "onHcaHiSl" nOBi>CTH naxe C03.Il.OHOCHbIH". 51 06S!3aHb Il-py J6n Stefansson'y nO. Pertz. s. 48) TaK)I(e oTMt'laeTb.aBaJIH HOBoe JlHUO.II. "no- Signjotr sepeas Siniut. HeCMOTpSl na CBOIO He06bl.II.HHaBCKH. KYHHKbl41 H XOBOPTb142 npHBO. p.OHa KOH'laJIaCbnpHntBoMb-cTp0!l>ofi. e. Mbl HMi>eMb .2. ua nOBteTH BHJlYKHH)l.peBHe-CKaH.II. e- 30M b H 3 T 11 C0. 'lTO nHecTopoBO Cxaaaaie . MorYTb Bb P0.II. VI.OBOro . 'lTO 3TO HMS! HKOr. BPO.BOpHblXb CKaJIb.II. HMn. nepsuxs ci>sepHblXb I1Mi>S1 nepem- C060H HOBrOpO.HTbJIHua O.II. KaKb Cb npyros .eHHOCTb.i>Cb 11TOMCeHb 11 KymlKb OTb npe. 417) 0 npH3BaHiH OK. no6t)l.06HOe MOrJIO npOH30HTH aarops PIOPHKi> H 0 Bpeaeauuxs JIi>Tb.II.YHrOBb. lJTO S1BJlSleTCSl BnOJlHi> B03MO)l(HbIMb.CTp. I.CKiSl KHSDKeCTBaXb. 'lTO "Y sapsrosu. Morb 859 11 862 rO. Ibidem. T. CBSl3aHHblXb Cb Q>PH3CKHMI1 KOJlOHiSlMH H Cb <pPH3CKHMb Y)l(e npOCJli>.HJII1CBSl3bMe)l(AY <pPH3CKI1MHroproauwa BJliSlHieMb sooriuie. I.i>Cb.II. ntcHH H MtCTHblS!HOBrOpO.II.II. T.KOCTbHMeHI1 "PIOPHKb" onuoepeaeunoe cyuiecreaosanie . I bid e '!1.YKHH. p.II.HHaBCKaroTeKCTa. pp.ByXb HMeHH H.II. I. S1BJlSleTCSI CeMeHI-IblMb no .HTb.a BCTpt'laeTCSI Bb caraxs: TO )l(e H He 3aMt'laeTb H KYHHKb (1 bid e m.148 CTOPOHbl..II.Il..58). rOBOpS!0 npH3BaHilf "Tpexb 6paTbeBb". 06bS!eHSleTCSI CKa3aHieMb0 npH3BaHiHAHrJIO-eaKCOBb" (cTp.lli>J1aeTb lJpe3BbllJaHHO MaJlOBi>poSlTHbIMb pa3J1HlJHblXb BHKI1HrOBb aroro PYCCKaro HMeHH CT B i> 0 6 0 H X b 4pe3BbllJaHHO ynoaauanocs euuie.II.II.i>Cb. 6blJIa eara 0 PIOPHKt H 0 npH6b1TiH ero Bb HOBrOpO. )I. p. nOSlBJIeHie Bb nOToMcTBi> PlOpHKa Hr 0 p 51.IO T b 06 ui y 10 M bl CJI bOT PlOP H K 0 B b. 3aMt'laeTb: "cie 6paTcTBo MO)l(eTb nOKa3aTbCSICOMHHTeJIbHblMb". T a KHMb 06 p aO)l(. PO. Scriptorum. TO 3. iYTKOBb (Ibidem.Il. H KYHHKb HaXO)l.II.II. 3aTi>Mb.OBb. MO)l(HO npennonoxars Cb IloronaHblMb. HJIH. 143) Pa36HpaSl aonpocs 0 npH3BaHiH KHSl3e«. 313).II. TaKI1Mb 06pa30Mb. "CHHeYCb" TeJlbHblSl MOrJIO nerve Bb auanora-mstx's ynOMI1HaHiSl ropona 11 3. 134). np0l130HTH Ilpespauieale nepena-rs HXb Bb cyuiecraa- nepenHClJHKOMb MaJlOnOHSlTnaua HJIH uaro eMY CKaH. nPIOPHKb.CKaro.II.1pJIaHJlCKo« aa CKa3Kt". TS!MH H Ai>SlTeJIbHOCTblO Piopnxa.Il.cKYIO cKa3KY BeSlnoascrs 0 rpexs 6paTbS!xb H 0 npH3BaHiHHXb Bb POCcilO?" KapaM3HHb (Ibidem.Il.i>JIOCb npHJlaraTeJIbHblMb 6i>. Hi>lJTO nO.II. xoeio BOCnOJIb30BaJICSI Hecropu".

BHHO 11 opyxie: 11ovens snasarcnsnaa TOprOBJISI BoeHHO-nJJtHHbIMH - no MHOfl1Mb . mar of the Old Frisian Language". by A.H1CSIsnomiMOMb no Cb <PPH30Bb. C'b raYTaMH lItM'b BOCTOK'b. paCna. (Grundriss der germanischen Philologie. T.bl. <PPH3bl CTOSlTb 6JIH)I(e scero H no Sl3blKY Kb aHrJJO-CaKcaMb. 153 npHBo.II. Fresa HJJH Fresen. CKaH.aeTCSIua naa 60rOMb <PPH30-aHrJIO-CaKcoHcKii1146. 1927. H3b 06JIaCTI1 raYTOBb K'b CBeSlM'b11 <pHHHaMb. Paul.llHHaBil1 BbIB03I1JJHCb.OBb BMi. l4e) "Bewestan Eeald-Seaxum is Aelfe mupa deare ea and Frysland".t pascsaaueaercs o BblKynt soeaaorcrsanaro-paoa y <PPH3cKaroxynua.llOJJIKHa 6blJJa 6blTb 6b1JJO Bb fiHPKt euie Bb H 3Halll1TeJJbHOH H MHOrOl{HCJJeHHoi1. I-H) Cummins. WBe. 's-Gravenhage. frla ram. . I.6Y.-CM. -rro TaMb. p. arpars TaKI1Mb 06pa30Mb. HaCKOJJbKO CHJJbHO BH. p.Ryssland.llCKYIQ Bb CpaBHI1- caraws.KaKb BI1. <t>P113bl XO. Cambridge.MeUKO-rOJIJIaH. "KOPOJIb <pPI130Bb" - I1HTepeCHO 06paTI1Tb Bb CKaH. . p. )l(HBWI1Mb Y)l(e .II. Bb 06MtH'b CJJt.50 (ccunsa aa vol.II. KaKb uanp.llaHHbiMb pa6aMI1. Ha CTp. 11 KpeCTI1JII1Cb TaMb y enacxona KPOMt roro. Oautbert'a. 1929. Helfenstein. ua I1Xb P0.II.II.I1TCSl ccunxa aa Bany Ilponoesnsaxa (Hist. no aHrJlii1cKH.i. l{pe3Bbll{ai1Ho BaIKHbli1.cTi. 151. aananuo-repaaucaoa oT.II.cTHOMb oopauienia: KaKb <popMa Cb "e" nepexonows Bb "y". v. TaKb CKa3aTb.llI1Ht «ynuawt.. r. Y <pP1130Bb 11 aHrJIO-CaKCOBb CTOHTb "y".JJa: Hi. Ibidem. H5 Bct 11 nansuie saxons npennpisrla no HeBOJJbHO BJJeKJJH<pP1130Bb see nansure <pHHHbl )J(HJJI1ropasno 06JIaCTb 11 conpuxacascs to)I(Hte.II. -rro uenrps roro BpeMeHI1.n. Th. uanpuwsp». S8. Cummins 1887. Cb P In) "Friesland .n. rJIaBHblMb SlBJISltOW. 84.n.II. Sieb. tot de elfde eeuw".HOHan p. OTb uapony. TaK>Ke GramA. T. reneps.II. T. B's COOTBtTCTBil1 Cb 3Hal{eHieMb TaMb .llHO.TOprOBblH DI1PKI1 11<PPH3CKaSlKOJIOHiSi H3b roro.II. HXb SlBJJSleTCSI "fro".!'" a. ua TKaHI1. 146) Gudmund Schutte.eMb 113Bi. IV.oKJIa.llyeTb. 1152-1464). HHCTaMb H 6blBWI1Mb xoropas. Vor Folkegruppe Gottjod". csaepayio (Gotar).llI1HaBCKOMb CTOI1Tb "0".§ 142). PeHHa 11Beaepa. H3b "Op03iSl" aHrJJO-CaKCOHCKI1 coxpausercs xapaxrepnuws <t>pHCJIaH..II. aa 835 rony.lliSl. Bb CJIi. Bonpocs 0 <pPI13CK0i1 roprororte 60Jlt nonpooao pa3BHT'b asropows Bb .t AJIb<ppe. aa liTO WJIa 11 ua STI1 roprosus ctBepb H3'b CKaH. Eccles.II. HMSI STO. London. M urepecuo conOCTaBHTb Fry s Iand uraencxoe naasaale rt.II.OJJro cpena Bb rnasaxs <pI1HHOBb. ursenckle KynUbl H3b DHPKH npHXO. nanp. fresena!"147 H frysisc. 3. l. 1870.OJI)I(HO6blJIO _ OTOCI1TbCSI e Kb <PP113aMbH a Kb <PPH3aMb-KOJIOCb HI1MI1 11 rpyn nu WBe. 1I. J. e. A.tAnglo-Russian Litterary Society: "The Frisians and «Rh o s> in the lXth Century. serape CBeOHOBb H napona "Rhos". B.TBI1 B Bb CBOtO osepens. H.CKii1 H H no npOHCXO)l(. ibidem. by J. 61> JI 51EBb MeJIJTapi>. rona no nepsaro ynoMI1HaHiSi <ppaHKCKI1MHaHHaJIaMI1 BJIiSiHie <pPH3CKHXb xynuos». Our Forefathers " the gothonic Nations". 22). C.a BeJII1Karo. Orosius. CaMH )l(e <pPH3bl uasuearori.llHO B'b WBe.JlSl OCciH. H. p.MeuKoi1 Bi.eHitO. KaKb BI1.II.OJI)I(HO6blJIO COXpaHI1TbCSI11 I1MSI<PPH30Bb Bb <pI1HSTOMb.eTb frys-cyning: konung. 214. Bb TO BpeMSI.II.n.r. Boeles. 1901. 144) Kunik "Remarques critiques etc.t+ Mtxa H BOCKb. y YCTbeBb WeJJb. TeJJbHO pamuoro anoxy )l(H3HI1. rJJaBHblMb 06pa30M'b.ytOw.p. i bid e m.OJI)I(Hbl6blJJI1 "Ha WI1POKOMb <pPOHTt" CTOJIKHYTbCSI 3HallHTeJJbHYtO pOJJb Bb I1Xb Cb pa3JJHlIHblMH <pHHCKI1MI1 nJJeMeHaMH 11uasars CKOMb Sl3b1Kt.II.II.". no aHrJJO-CaKCOHCKH Frysland. London H "Comparative Grammar of the teutonic Languages".llHJJH Bb WJJe3BI1rb Ilopecram. BHI1MaHie.n.I1HaBce6S1 "Ela! fresisc. MOIKeTb 6blTb naxe HaJ-[6oJJte Ba)J(HbJi1.SlTbBb COCTaBb HI1)1(He-Hi. Mr. cKii1 "freyr". TaK>Ke "Geschichte der friesischen Sprache". Strassburg. npa BpeMeHI1 .CKI1Mb aaanrapnows.246 H. STOro <pP113bl. P.v. O.

Ac. 1899. Bb HO aHrJIiHCKoMY "het" . pecyrouiews B03MO)KHbIMI1 H "hrengas raamaU52 Bb cpl1HCKOe rengas 151 H . nanp. 23. rOTCKoe nneaem. H Kb B's STOH CPOPM"Buaasauie "UJBe.n. Bb SCTOHCKoe CKHXb Hap"B4itl. npennonaraercs CBSl3b Ruossi Cb HMeHeMb orrpeBb TO BpeMSI Bb Cb MOrJIH eCTeCTBeHHO H Bb 3TOH rHnOTe3"B nepexomCb.n.n.n."BJleHHarO uapona npanararsca o6JIacTI1 Me)K. ibidem.. ".I1MSI CPPH30Bb-KOJIOHHCTOBb . s.HKOHXb OHI1 )J(HJII1 H BM"BCT"BCb KOHMI1 aucrynana. uacroautee H Bb BpeMSI aCCHMHJIHPYIOTCSl nOrJIOmalOTCSI H OT. Bb Cb npyroji CTOPOHbl. CBSl3b CPPI130Bb-KOJIOHHCTOBb CO WBeJlaMI1.OJI)J(HO Kb HMeHI1 H HMeHHO Bb uanpannenis.KOHM"BIOTb BnOJIH"B onpe- . -rro BC"BSTH TepMHHbl oouiaro Cb cppH3aMH Bb PYCb.eH rOTOBb H CJIaBSlHb.n.CKHXb B"BPOSITHO. apyroli auauaars na CTOPOHbl.n.HJlbHMeHH . 1844. heiss.« e.. CJIOBb Bb JlOBOJlbHO JlpeBHiH nepiom.YHapo. na PSlJlY Cb "PYCblO".n.tJIeHHblti Hap"BlIiti.CTaBJISleTCSI 03MO)J(HbIMb no KYHHKY OTb B CYMb. no rJIaBHOe npOJ. Sc.Cn6. VII. v.. 106 Ii "Remarques critiques". CPPH3CKoe nonroe COOTB"BTCTByeT"brOTCKOMY "heit Bb H H"BMeUKoMY "e". Imp. CTaJIO npH6J1I1)J(aTbcSI H CJII1BaTbCSICb u. Helsingfors. TaKOBO HMeHHO OTHOHasansuaro Jl'sronucua.) .n.. rosops. BH.peBHe-PYCCKoe "rpaMaTa" CJIYlIaSlXb. CTp. STOMb H npoaaaoiuenie KpatimlMb I1Xb coocraeuuaro T04KaMb 6blJlO TaK)J(e H3M"BHHTbCSIH npH6JIH3HTbCSI Bb CMbICJI"BBOKaJlH3auiH onars Fro. Bb HHTecnapaura Bb 060HXb np0l130WJIO CJlYlIa"B uacs aunanenie Kb eunanenle res nacrs xopens res Cb nepexonaaa H rus •. -rro Bb . Kb KOTOPOH.n.aJIeHHbIH rayrcxaro coepcaenuows CPPH3CKOMb Sl3blK"B COOTB"BTCTBYlOmHMH 3BYKaMH rOJIJlaH.CKIH H PIOPHKb HAlIAnbHOH n1>TOnHCH 247 cyning. Bb COOTB"BTCTBiHCb CBoticTBaMH cpHH-· Ha4aJlbHblXb rnyxoro COrJIaCHblXb "r" "cp" H "x". KaKb 060l1Xb 60Jlte HMeHb H CTpeMJIeHie CMOTP"BTb ua "PYCb". TaKoH. nepeumo HaMb 113B"BCTHO HtCKOJIbKO CJIYlIaeBb 3aI1MCTBOBaHiS1 cpl1HHaMI1 OTb HXb COC"B.n. -rro Y .eii..OBOe nonpaairsnenie Kb 3TOMY sonpocy y JlIO.n. .IJ.POPHKb IOTnAHJ]. Bb CTpeMJleHiH Kb BOKaJlI13auiH.n.Ber ub ru ng en zwischen den Westflnnen und Slaven. Mikkola.oHTH no <pHHCKI1Xb Hanp.n. JlOJI)J(Ha 6blJla BC"BMI1 3HaeMbIH".n.ropaso.290. . Bb nepaouasansuoa ranoreas Cummins. ananoria YTO KacaeTCSI . cTp."BJIbHbISiKOJIOHiH <pPH30Bb npouauouieale npa paacaarpasaeaua Illseuiu. "p a a blCKaH i1I Bb o6Jl a CTIi rOTO-CJla BSI HCKIi Xb OT Howe H I Ii .Pa au cxaal s". uapona "Hapo. 149) 15.eHiSl raics I1J1HHHa4e CBSl3aHbI H Fresa. hof.aJIbH"BtlweH CBSI3H Cb CJIaBSlHCKHMb "PYCb". Bb a nan'se. 1850. 292.IJ. Cpe.n. nepexons sepes's 0. cpena MaCCbl neplom. UI) e.n. 133) "Die Berufung der Schwedischen Rodsen durch den Finnen und Schweden".n. TO npe. i bid em.b MOpenJlaBaTeJlS1 H nepaaro "HapOJlb 3aKJIlO4aeTCSI Bb TOMb. 1894.n. . Bpayirs. H.OJI)J(HO6blJIO . H secsaa 6J1113KHMbH Kb <pHHCKOMYRuossl. Petersburg. 113M"BJlJlSl "BaH. Cb HI1MH CTaJIKHBaBWI1XCSI. Y)Ke H3M"BHeHHOH CPOPM"B.149 Booctue rnacnus Becsaa BO <pPH3CKOMb Sl3bIK"B lIpe3Bbl'latiHo p"B. KaKb uanp.. ureuie BXO. OT- HaCeJIeHiSl.0". St. OTJIHlIie - Ruossi Suomi sacs OTb B3rJISlJlOBb KYHHKa. . Bpayrrs. . xapaxrepuows Hap"BlIiti. WI1POKOH rpynnu nneaem. <pPH30Bb 6blJlO 6b1 cPw~.HJIH H CBeH-WBeJlbl H rorsr-rayru. . Kb TaKOMY HMeHHO napony annreru : conocraaneuie MHOrOCJIaBHblti". HSlJIH csoe CKHXb" 3BYKb.150 .n.CKHXb" B03HI1Kb 6b1 rpexecxoay Poiiotov Kb JlaTHHcKoMY Rhos.Hoti TOprOBJII1.IJ.15B g". l~~)I.1CXO)J(. H Kb apa6cKoMY Ras: HeBOJlbHO rorna 11BOnrOCb. p. Bull.n. 113J10)KeHHbIXb HMb Bb "B e r u fun CPPH30Bb. A.

orxyua HenOCpe)l. T.0 pYCI1 11PIOCaJIaH)l. ()l.HMCSlB"b OCHOBHOi1npennocumcs.i>JIbHO pa36pocaHHblM"b 3aM"tTKaM"b. EYJI. 43).156 npeanaras 4TO XOTSI "Mbl EYJI.COB"b. B"b cyuiecrsoaauin B"b Il. 1875.JISI<pPH30B"b. acerna uarepeCOBaJII1CBSl3b11COOTHoweHie <l>pl13iH H HopMaHOB"b.J10)J(HJlbBeCTH HMSI Pycs OTb npoasnuia tans - "CJ1aBHble rorsr": TaKHMb 06pa30Mb. CTp.Y.JISI '1TeHiSl. A. Axaneai« HaYK"b. EYJI. HJ1H J1Y4we CKa3aTb.CTp.npeJI. Bpaym. II.HJlOCb OTb hroth . 156) Jloxnam.i>". }i{.JI.p06HO pas6HpaeT"b BOnpOC"b0 B03MO)KHOCTHaerrocpencrseuaaro.fHnOTe3a npod» OY)l. He 0 <p11 0JI JJor"'1eCKarO Oriure c r aa n p a HMn. B3rJ1S1JI.tCb 1889. B 1> JI 51E B D nponcxoxneuie .bl HMeHH. nOJI. HMn. )l. )K. JlaCTH pasoopa nOCBSlTHJ1bmnOTe31.H1. npa COBpeMeHHOMb nonoxeuia oruoureuinxu npHrOJI.CKHX"b cnYTHHKaX"b PlOpHKa R u s t'axs. VII. VII MOCKOBCKOMYApxeoJIOrH'IeCKoMY C"bi>3)l. CaM"b KYHHK"b (3an.eHiH CJJOBa PYCb"..I1H"b.aBHei1 pa60Ti> "B 0 n p 0 C"b 0 n p 0 11 0 )K)l. naM"t'leHHoMY KYHI1KOM"b. sepeas <pHHCKie Sl3bIKH".4 OHb 06paTHJlCSI Kb "rOTCKOMY PYCCKOi1HCTOpiH H .OnYCTHTb nepeJI.06HarO 06bSnOCJl1. CJ1tJI. 8. 3JIaTapCKH. "Rustringen". BaCHJ1beBCKHMb. aanp. H. YHI1BepCHTeTi>. Mbl JII1Wb paCXO)l. TO <pHJl0J10rH4ecKoti H HCTopH4ecKoi1 CTOPOHbl sonpoca.HCJlOBiSl Bb caoews o r uo ur e a rOTO-CJlaBSlHCKHXb iti" (Cn6. Cy)l. rodhr rpeons) )J(HTeJ1HKOTOPOi1 COCTaBJ1S1JlHaKb K PYCH.eii (HJIH nneMeHH) PO)l. n.eHiSlPYCH 3aCTaBHJlH KYHHKa npyrnxt. xoroparo. sun.Y Bi Ilopaa "Kacnii1". OKHTie CB.' 4TO. npoacxoxneais Pyccxaro I'ocynap••• BO- Cb rOTaMH.p06Haro npmuem. waeMCSI Kb He06xoJI.HHaBcKoi1". 449) nponoa'snuaars CTBa. CTp. "P a 3 bl CK a H i SI B b 061889).aT04HOe 'ITO H JI.Cb.i> OH"b. 11Y Hollmann'a.Sl 3THX"b nOCJIi>)l." Ruossi 11J111 Ruotsi (OTb 06bSlCHSlJlOCb cyuiecraosaatem.HHX"b B"b <PPHCJJaH)l. e H i H 11 e H H CX M PYCb" (C60PHHK"b B"b '1eCTb a a BacI1JI"b H. KOTOPYtOnpHWJ10Cb 6bl Ha3BaTb rorcxoio 3aMt4aHiSl. 0l10JIiOTeKa )l.laeuia.peBHen ursencxaro" Rods B"b PYCb. 4TO "eCJ1H H HeB03MO)J(HO "OHO B03MO)J(HO npsaoe 3al1MCTSOSaHie CJlOBa PYCb" H3b 06pa30Mb. - Bb WBeJI.HJ10BH4a6blJlH C04YBCTBeHHO BCTpt4eHbi He XOTHMb 3JI. CTp. H.HJlOBH4a cneuiansuyro OTBeJ1b es pasoopy 4aCTb npeJI. OOrO)l. 1925. AK.269--275) nO)l. 64 H T. npHJIO)KeHie.rpecuost.TH no nYTI1. ibidem. 1865. T.YSlaa EYTKOBbIMb. 1838 (ABr. .. 6e3"b ysacris <pHHHOB"b. 157) . p. Bremen.COrJIaWaSlCb C"b B(\3MO)KHOCTblO nepexona (0 '1eM"b CM. T. HaYK"b. pyccxaro HO He MO)J(eMb 060i1THCb 6e3b npoca..1865.159 Mbl CHOBa B03BpaKYHI1Ka. T.HMOCTH JI.1. M. 'ITO '1aCTb <pPI130B"b 113"b PYCTpl1HreHCKaro Y)l.Ruossi" npennaraewoa 1M) .HOCTH nOJI.) 11"060poHa JIi>TOnI1CH PYCCKOi1 He c r o p o aojl".157 a TaK)J(e TPYJI.e HopMaHO~CKaHJI.HJIOBH'Ia 0 rOTCKOM"b npoucxoxneala saaanis PYCH". nrs. 354.'ITO Ha3BaHie PyCH MO)KHO CBSl3blBaTb 11 cs Rus t'aan H3"b Rustringen'a. neplony" Hrothigu- 06bSlCHeHiH H.l.SI no OT)l.eCTBHTb "PYCb" B. B"b csoea He)l. KaK"b nJIeMeHI1 sooouie. 158) "Pa3b1CKaHiSl". B"b rexcrf HaMI1 pa3BHBaeTCSI MbICJIb..CTBeHHo MOrJIa nOJIY'II1TbCSI <popMa PYCb. TpYJI.OCTaTO'lHO 3Ha'lI1TeJIbHOii no '1HCJIYH BJIiSlHilO.- CKOMb UpJand't 6bl 06WHHbi 6eperoBoi1 nonocu Roslagerra.CTBiH HCKaTb rOTOBb SlCHeHiSl npOHCXO)J(JI..CKHX"b POCCOB"b». epexona OT"b ")l. Crerpaua Cypoxcxaro. m) HH)Ke YKa3bIBaeTCSI. Mbl CTpeMHMCSIH)l.. r)l. p.aJ1bWe nourem. . e. cTaTbtO. CJ10BO"PYCb" conOCTaBJlSlJ10Cb HJ1HJI. 'ITO "HopMaHCKaSl WKOJIa••• 06aHKPYTHBWHCb cs CBOHM"b POCJ1areHOM"b. 1892. 0. MO)KeT"b 6blTb sepeas npOMe)KYTO'lHOe PY)l.i>JIa Propaxa HOCHJIa HMSI Rusta (Hollmann. C06.la8 TaKHMb rl1nOTe3t. rpynnsr JIIO)l. 3an. COo. m) OpHMi>'1aHiSl K"b TPY)l.HJlOBJ1llb. rorcxaro". HMn.OJI)KHa) n03a60TI1TbCSl BHOBb orxpurs <npaponuaxs WBe)l. M.loa Ewe JI. 111. XXVI.CJ1aBa.a)J(e BbIBOJI. H C"b<pHHCKHM"b uaaaauiesrs )l. OHa 6blJla 6bl BO MHomXb HOBOi1 reopln r. 1890. 3 an.248 KYW1Ka H. C06. Bb TOMb )J(e nartpanneuia H 3THH4eCKH OTO)J(JI. 17. A.. 122) BbICKa3aJI"b npaananle. "K"b sonpocy 0 npOHCXO)K)l. 1840.tJ1aeTCSIBb <pI1HCKOe. Kb BbIBOJI. nOCJl1. CTp. nonycsaers B03MO)KHOCTb coxpaaenia "R u s t" B"b Po CT 0 B'i»." BH)l. 1816.Y. KOTOPbli1 nHCaJ1b.

a Bb caopse IO)I(Ho-eBponeHCKiSl 11J111 naxe uaurn I1CTOllHI1KOBb. B. <PJlOpOBCKaro ("KHSl3b Po urs" Y n p o p o x a l e a e x ia na. 163) 1908.lI. He uenocpencreeuao 11 .lI. sacre XVII.upeBHHMH" caxcaan: <PPH3bl.OHWM'b 10c»Q>'b 6eH'b Fopioirs WJlWlocnnnorrs (B'b IX WJlWX CTJI.163 KpOMt Cb 6pocaeTCSI 11 napaJIJ1eJ1113Mbaroro Y auurenpneer. H BOTb .eCTBa. sanany IX-ro OTb npesaaxt.rr.POPHKb IOTJ1AH.Jocannom. xorna MOrJ10 YTBep. Ap xe o n o r a s e c xar o OOw. no P.aeT'b. 6J1113KOMb PO. 162) <Pp. )1\. CJ1t. CTp. Becrtiepr-s.pyroH CTOPOHbI. Ilapax».V.HTCSI no Be- Ansrppeny H nOSlBJISlIOTCSl Hero Y I1J1H.II.uuaMI1. Bapaua ("C 0 6 p a Hie Tp Y.uJ1S1 Hero <pPI13bl. TaK)I(e 11 npiypovaeae'rs nOTOMKOBb oouiaro 11Mb po. no MHimilO npotpeccopa A. I. I'apxasu. CTp. X-MY 6eHb I'opiom. "K'b aaanasy BOCTOIJHbIX'b WCTOIJHifKOB'b· BOCTO'lHOH Esporrs".rr. ..tHcTBHTeJlbHOCTH.uOHa4aJ1bHI1Ka Tupaca. HO. TaKHMb Eald-Seaxurn mupa daere nncam. woepbl".b CBOHMb c06CTBeHHbiMb OTHOCI1TCSI nacanle o HJII1 JOCHnnOHa".a BeJ1I1KarO. 06paTHMCSI ea and Pycsio scero sro H HaCKOJlbKO OHO 6blJ10 reorpaqmsecxa Kb "nepHnJ1Y" AJ1b<ppe. Cb HI1)1(He-repMaHCKOH rpynnoa Ha4aJIbHarO Jltrronacua uaponom-. KOTOPOMY Mbl 3. a Fpycn .II.' uaxonsuiiecs csaracrs Bb P y C11.1JH3auilO«Pollia» .Opa3YMtHie npoasoumo OT'b nponycsa O.II. O CeHlIaCb )l(e SlBJ1S1eTCS T BOnpOCb 0 TOMb. M. Cn6. 376.uCTBt MtcTa no )l(I1JII1w. caKCOBb HaXO. 160) Bb IX-X 113BtCTHO nYTeweCTBeHHHKaMb nO. 153).ueHHbiMb MtCTOMb 6epra no AJ1b<ppe. "CKa3aHiSl 0 Xaaapaxs".CTBOBaHiSl. H.II. I1MtJIO anisnie na JIOKa.II.BtpHte. 3JlaTapCKw..CKIH H PIOPHKb HAlIAJ1bHOH J1oTOnHCH 249 ECJ1H. Bb TO BpeMSI.ByX'b CTOJlb IJY)Kepo.uI1J1 6bl. <PeBp. C'b . xoero nCeB. BtKa. uapasuf 11 aHrJIO-CaKCaMI1.r1l1. T.ll. 1927. 3. H. 6aJITitkKo-CKaH. TO nOJIY4I1TC5I.H113b apa6CKI1Xb <pPI13bl-KOJIOHI1CTbl He TOJIbKO XopOWO CBSl3bIBaJIOCb HMI1.a BeJ1HKarO. B KOTOPblSl Hero .D.uCTBY Cb ".yeM'b.II.rr. . TOMY )l(e IX-MY TH.lI. pO. raws.Poca. 06pa30Mb. cBt.HTCSI YCTbe 3J1b6bl Ansrppent. 51.oMa.uy C060H ATJ1aHTl1l1eCKarO OKeaHa.160 H 3eMJ1Sl TaKHMb 06pa30Mb: 3HallHTb: "Kb <pPH30Bb".II.tJ1S1J10Cbno 3HaKOMbi I1Xb COCt. 6blJIH xopouio nO.lI. 3Ha4HTb uaponu.rpY3HHbI.Jocannom.OXO.KaKb Y AJ1b<ppe. 10CWnnOH'b C006w. w60.ll. 4TO I1Xb aa .3HallI1Tb.y rOTaMH (roTJIaH. 333. CTp. 11 He npe)KHie HO nacrosune BtKt HM5I Illseula 11J111 b npH6aJITI1Kt. euie Fapxaea 06paTI1Jl'b BHHMaHie aa crpaunocrs conocranneaia .OBb Bb KHHrt "Iocl1<pa "THpaCb CJIt. "Be westan Ilonoxenle is Aelfe <pPH30Bb OHb npexne onacusaert. Becroeprs. H aHfJ10-CaKCOBb na OCTPOBt.rr.HblX'b $pa3'b.II. B 3TO Pycb. aa npnauaertroro. TOJIbKO CTOI1Tb P Y C b.ie JIHKOMY MOplO". <pP1130Bb Y YCTbSl 3JIb6bl. CTaTbSl Il-s W3'bCOIJWHeHiSi neaaascraaro asropa.tCb CJlt.D. rexyuiea B'b Mope rypram-".HOH 6YKBbI rHMeJlb (r).0 B'b"..rr. sa Me)l(.YIOw.. "Y BeJII1KarO wops". C60PHI1K'b B'b '1eCTb a a B. )l(HByw. ua 6epery BO BTOPOH nOJIOBHHt wie Kb nonoxenie MOPSl.uOBaTeJ1bHO. na <pPH3bl Y ce6S1 . "Bce He.'ITO aa Kypt )KWJlWHe PYCH.).. P. 515).ua.162 ECJIH Mbl npl1MeMb Cb BeCT6eprOMb. OT. CJ1t. "CaKCHHH" 3TO npesuie Cb caKCOHuaMH caxcsr.aSl <ppa3a: 3TO PYCH H CaKCI1HI1 H AHrJ1I1CI1.onpe. xorna BeJII1KiH. 1874.uHSlro rOBopHTCSI 0 rppaaaxt. p.ut . Taxoe sreaie. CTp.II. Xp.HTbCSI I1MeHOBaHie <pPI130Bb-K0J10HHCTOBb pacnpocrpaueuo. e.ll." Bb IO)I(HOH ct>paHuil1 11J111b I1TaJ1il1. A.ll. ibidem. nooepexuo locarmoua Me)l(. Tp y n bl B 0 CT.OnYCTHTbB03MO)l(HOCTb YKa3aHHarO 3aH.l1.lI. 0 161) e. B'b .161 Bb sro BtKY pa3CeJIeHi51 SltPeHeH HaXOJI.-Y "locwnnoHa" nocnf 03HaIJeHHOH $pa3bl cJlt. HO I1 Pycs 6blJIO onpeasneuno HtTb I1M5I <pPH30Bb.06HO 10CHnnOHY 11 y sanan's. M. no MHtHilO )J(e r. frysland". aacrynas MtCTt.rr.ul1l1H H caKCOBb na MaTepHKt.yeT'b npyras : "Pycw )J(WBYT'bno ptKt Kapa. H.a PYCI1 Kb Bb rnasa 113b "Op03iSl" nacam. I1Xb HaBCKiSl. 1925. T.tHiSl.ll. 6JIJ1)1(aHHMeHeMb. raYTaMH) H aHrJIaMI1 nOCTaBJ1eHa PYCb: "A<pe- Orosius..II. ibidem. <pPI130Bb. MHtHilO y noBeer- .

l1.'5.YMaJIb. 19. SlBJ1S1IOTCSI paacxaau CTBeHHHKOBb.1cTO'lHI1Kb n1. He H." Ha OCHOBaHiH napannensuuxs nepesacneulsxs npennonoxenie J11:. II. M.YMaJIb..n.aJIeKO. 161) Hc r o p is F'o cv n ap c r aa Po cc iacxa r o.l1. KHSl3eMb BO rnas's. Cb 3TOH TOlJKH 3ptHiSi .. Tp y n u. orpnuaeuna cyuiecraoaaats Bb CKaH... lJTO "PIOP_HKb npuaem.l1.l1.PY3HHfbTe nneaeirs.l1.l1. MtCTb Bb 060HXb 0 3aHMCTBOBaHiH HalJaJIbHblMb Bb PYCb.l1..'1aHisr"..l1. lJTO conOCTaBJ1eHiH Cb Bb 3TOMb K HMeHeMb nopwanu. TaK)Ke I1CTOpHlJeCKOH J1HTepaTYP'B: 0 CO 6'B B ClOP auauaasuree pasuornacis .II. PYCCOBb'?68 HO H.aWHSlrO Mipa HY)J(HQ npe. Bb IO)KHOH H BOCTOlJHOH.bICBOHMH. xorna rOBopHTCSI: . ArHSlHe •• . CTp.aJ1bH'Bj. ClJI1TaSl. roproauxu Bb 3TO BpeMSI cf>PH3bl H H DOJ1bwe )Ke acero nYTewecTBOBaJ1H H TOprOBaJIH. .11 H3b6pamacSi K CJIO- 3 6paTbSl Cb PO. .165 COBepweHHO SlCHO. 1876. LlaJ1bH'BHWee nonncrnOHHMaHiH BOBaHie J1'BTOnHCua TaK)Ke SlBJISIerCSI BnOJ1H'B JIOrHlJHblMb Tates. npnnannexaru He TOJIbKO uopsera. 463. CTp. 18.PY)KI1HY.l1.0Wa 3a Mope Bapsrows. CTp. 612.l1. n e x u ia 11 3aM1. Anstppena BeJ1HKarO.lJTO OHb Kb KOTOPblMb YpMaHe. T~ I. n03TOMY H BTOPblXb 3aM'BHY H Bb He 6e3b HY Bt. KaKHMH .17l UH) Ilpoacxoxneaie n1. CTp.Mbi MO)KeMb see xe BH.rOnHCueMb Y Bapairs 164 BblCKa3aJIb locnnnona.HOua npHMtpt "Op03iSl" rocrea.250 rOBO 60 6JIH30CTH H ro H.113cn1. 75. SlKO ce .06Hb1Xb onucaniti.0BO. 1872. HO H anrnu: ynoMHHaHie Bb 3TOMb KOHTeKCT'B cf>PH30Bb 6blJIO 6bl BnOJIHt YM'BCTHbIMb.nOJIO)KHTb n0J1b30BaHie KaMH.n0J10)KHTb.TOnI1CHarO cxaaaais 0 Ha'lan1. II.re. 1872.HHMbH3b . lJaCTH TOr. I. )K. Mocxsa.l1. a Ha060pOTb. Bb cf> H 3 0 B b. crp.'B 1050 rona CTOSlJIO BMtcTO: .Hecropu .l1.PY3HH)Ke TaKO H CH".!wee M'BCTO J1tTOnI1CH. 1816. I'eneonos's. H lJTO HMSI P Y C H...l1.l1..PY3HH30BYTCSI CBeH. Bb cfseepo-aanannoa 6blJIH apatiu H espea.l1. 1874. Ap x e o n o r a s e c ao a KOMMI1CC i11. Ton 11 Cb non a B p e HTie B CK 0 My C n 11 CKy.l1.J1S1 nO. Cn6. HblMb. 16~) "n1.[H]H.l1. T.Cbl-PYCb" 03HalJaJIO . «oropas Ha3BaJIaCb nOCJ1'B PYCblO".l1. cnue 60 TiH PYCb O.0Bb npOTHBb reopia caMblH cf>aKTb TaJIb. 241. p "PYCH".oBaHisr.n. rayru. 170) "J.l1. H no SIwan BeHOMb .l1. no Cb MH'BHilO WaXMaTOBa. 11 npaaouia nOHHMaJIb 3TO MtCTO raxt..PY)KHHOY MbHoroy". "166 KapaM3HHb c06010 ronmrs.l1.0Ma H nepBblXb C. c-nrraeru CBeH lJTO K PYCH. 113.l1. 6b1JIO WHPOKO pacnpocrpaueuo nansuie Y Hero Bb 3TO BpeMSI.. n0J1b30BaJICSI 3THMb M'BCTOMb KaKb O. H. Cn6.l1. lJTO .. npe.lJTO Bb J IX BtKt "PO. I't. Pyca" (Kiem.l1. AHbrJ1S1He.b. CTp.'BJ1HJlI1 e)K.l1. 1846.l1.l1.. .SI 06111HMH MCTOlJHHKaKb 3TO SlCHO nyreure- TaKb .l1.CKOMb CBO. Y Cb.167 no- He TOJ1bKO ClJHTaJIb.l1. CJl6. ~TO CnOJIHa H3b 3Bepca 0 xaaapcxows nponcxoxneaia PYCH. YpMaHe.0MHTeJ1b ClJl1TaJIb 3TI1 naa Bb uauiea nokaauaaers.TOnI1CHarO cxaaauis 0 npoacxoxneain Pyca".II.Y M Cb C060H BctXb YY.noauia no c06'B BCIO PYCb" - "noSiwa Cb c06010 . T.. 171) "P03blcKaHisr".HHaBCKoenJ1eMSIPYCH" MOrJIO 6blTb MaJ10lJHCJIeHl xaaapu HtTb. a He HapO.. KOHelJHOMb HTOrt. ClJH. Donsl EBb KOJItHO BapSl3H: CBeH.6paTbSl pa3. 1913). Bb nepBOHalJaJIbHOMb HOBrOpO.'BJ1aHbl anHCH H Y J1'BrOnHCua 3 Iocnnnona.TOnI1Cb no Jl aap e a r ie acx o ay cn a c s y".JTO "CKaH. 166) Jl 1.169 1aM6HHb ..170 HaKOHeUb.6Y.l1. CTp.l1. 113.HHMb H3b H seaxycs BapSl3H PYCb.I1HaBiH"He6blBaJIOH 3aMopCKOH PYCH". n. npH.n.l1.aHieApxeorpadnorecxoa KOMl1ccil1. ccunxa 278. ibidem.CKYIOH CJ1aBSlHCKYIO3eMJIIO. 570.TO npuasauuue KHSl3bSl npHBeJ1H Cb c06010 saaopss ace saparo-pyccxoe nJ1eMSI. 188) . HMeHH paBH03HalJYIllI1MH. 16D) "Bapsrrl1 Ii PYCb". H OTCYTCTBie HXb H nOSlBJIeHie ua 3TOMb MtCT'B PYCH JI'BTOnHCeUb HJIH ero Pa3CMOTpHMb reneps OCB'B.l1.

llOBaHie 0 PYCTpI1HreHt. no .D.JlbHSlHble.llYHraMI1.06HOCTb Bb 1t3MtHeHiH Hasansaaro Jlfsronncua. Hne Oner-s na Fpexu . HOBrOpO."B'b JI-tTO 6412 (904) . 325.. .U. Bb HOBOH.llltTb 1t3b nOHltMaHiSi "3aMopCKOH PYCI1".175 CKioJlb..uaMb. Hanl1CaBWiH no npenSl3b1Kt: "Rustringi". orpaxeuts 852 BI1KI1HrOBb. )f(I1TeJlSlI1lfy)f(eRost. CTp. MbI ynOMI1HaJIl1. die urspriingliche He im a td e s ersten Russischen Orossfiirsten Rurik u n d seiner Briider"..llOJlfHMb DOJlte nOJlYBtKa. Flacrops rOJlbMaHHb. 1816. BnOJIHt JIOrl1\1HblMb SlBJISleTCSI rorna nOCOJIbCTBO I1MeHHO Kb repuora " PYCI1 .. " no PYCCKOMY 3aKoHY KJlSlWaCSloPYJKieM'b CBOffM'b. na xro ecn. 4Y)f(OH crpairs CTBOBaTbCSIocooas JltTonl1cl1loaKI1Ma. . PYCTpl1HreHueBb 11. 'ITO HaI160JlbUlHM'b nO'leTOM'b pycca nOJlh30BaJll1Cb He TOJlbKO nepem. a sapsraM'b .. T.".HSlThPYCff uieaxosue.btO nOCJIt naewaro pyccxaro.tJla 6b1J1H nO)f(aJIOBaHHOro 11MbJltO. oauasaiouua .I1HaBCKaro 1aarno-ca1 CJlOH.Riustrr'.. I1Xb npl13blBb repuorawa Bb Te4eHil1 ropSilliH Piopaxa MOfb HaHn1 cpena "pYCI1" oc06eHHO OTKJlLfKb. npe.llOBI1KOMb PYMSIHueBa' cneulam.llCTBil1. 114) "B'b JI-tTO 6370 (862) . 173) "Rustringen. HI1 CTOJIb CBSl3aHbI Cb 3eMJIetO..172 11 \ITO cyurecraoeauie secsaa Caaoe .llCTaBJISlJIO KaKiSi JIlt60 yxaauaana. He MaJlO HaMeKOBb 11 y euie . rOBOpSi 0 xpeuieuia fJIaBHOH sacrsio ero 11Propnxa. Bo BCtXb noxenno "Hrustri".llY\l11 OT." IH) To JKe MtCTO y Tarauiesa (noxon's 907 r. He 6Y.eCTBytOTb11cn'snyiouiia "In Rosta" 11"Utrusta". ynOMI1- Y AHC1\apiSi..llcKO- Hosroponf Bb BI1PKY sa nOMOl..XOJlCTffHHble napyca.173 npnso\ITO Bb CDOPHI1Kt PYCTpI1HreHC1\I1Xb 3aMtcTHaro aTHXb Ha3BaHiSlXb I1MteTcSl «opens Ha3BaHiSl ua npeane-rppnacxows Ha3BaHiSl. 176) "P 0 3 bl CK a Hi SI".lltJIbHbIMb KOJIOHiH Bo npl16pe)f(HblXb UlBe. H3'b sere orsnyers.llpeBHttfwiHcnoH sapsroas".U. cu- 113CJlt. ff nosura no c06t B ClOP Y Ci. Hollmann._ "Norden OCH Vast-Europa" i gammal tid.D..YHroBb. Ilan'se KOHOBb CYl."B'b JI-tTO 6396 (888) . KaKo CPPI111npyrax» 6JIl1)KHI1Xb KOJIOHiSlXb.D.npI13BaHie oepauieulear.u. . eCJIIt I1CXO.u.peBHtilUliil CJJoil aapsros».UTCSl 1> pacnpocrpaB HeHoil penaxuiu. a nepeoe 6twa CJlOBtHe". Propnxa 11 Morb 00- 0 KOTOPOMb rOBOpl1Tb WaXMaTOBb. O 11 nepeas BapSiraMI1. CKI1Xo rpaHI1Ub. "PYCb 3TO Jl.D. CKaH. nepsue BbIXOJl.YCPPI13CKl1Xb Hasansnaro ntTonHcua. f. Rust 11J111 Hrust.. H. )f(I1BUlltXb Bb BI1PKt nnewenew».174 H Bb H3b nOTOMKOBb an-IXb nepBblXb cnYTHI1KOBb pa30BaTbCSI TOTb ". H pt'le Oner's : «ucweHTe napycu nasoaoorra PYCH. H .llOJI)f(Ha 6blJIa 4YB- 6J11130CTb"CBOI1Xb" P Y CCOB b Kb KHSI)f(eCKOMY P0. e.176 Y3KOMb CMblCJIt. rnaaa VII.POPI1Kb IOTJlAHJl.. Onera na Llapsrparrs) npHBOJl. H Oner-s npnxaauaaer-s nOJl. nonxno 6blJIO DblTb He MaJlO cpena CPPl13CKOH 1\OJlOHiHBHPKH npe)f(HI1Mb CBSl3S1Mb CO CKioJIb.llHOCTH. CPPI1CJIaH.noe OHb yxasueacri. 4TO MtCTlWf' Bb CBOtO pons ynposeula aa cppl13aMH Bb Hlseula I1MSIODI1TaTeJIeH Pycrpanreua Ha3BaHiSi Rus. 11OlfeHb BtpOSITHO.. Bremen. OT'b Bapsr-s 60 npoaeauracs P Y C b 10. 11 OTBtTb " na aTO nOCOJIbCTBOco CTOPOHbI I'apansna 110 BJIa.llHOCTIt ornanaror's. a CJlOB-tHOM'b KponHHhHbISl.llI1Tb cn'snyiouns CPOPMblaroro Bnarosecrnasnn. naxt. \lT06bl a JII1Ulb \lJIeHaMH TOPfOBblXb CPPI13bl-PYCb He 6blJIl1 HI1 CTOJIb MHOrOllI1CJIeHHbl.OJIro. ras s xe KaKb It Ha. KOTOPblH 14Mb npOTI1BOnOCTaBJlSleTCSI sapsraws Bb 60nte CKa)f(eMb. CJJaBSlHaMI1. Bo BCSlKOMb cnysafs.lltHiSlxb Piopaxa." Stokholm. _.rJIaBHblMb 00pa30Mb __ 1.ll- 30Bb. '1TO utnb CPPI13C1\I1XbKOJIOHiH TSIHYJIaCbno CPPH3CKOH1\OJIOHil1 Bb caMOMb KHSl3eH" MOfJIO DbITb rony Ha6tra Bb BtPOSITHbIMb. " 172) Elis Wadstein.Ubl113'bCKaHJl. CJlaBSlHaM'b. H. crpauua: rpano 3eMJll1 y YCTbSlBesepa. H BnOCJlt.I1Hasil1. T. Mbt Y)I{e Bsnue 6blJIO nepecenenle 113b BI1PKI1 Bo Hosropom.llCKI1Xb ropoTpY. sro y..D. 1925. xauunepa . . pa3J1I1'1HbIMb BbIXO.. PYCTpI1HreHb.CKIH 11PIOPI1Kb HAYAJlbHOH Jl1HOnl1CI1 251 TeKCTa Bct ant TpY.

Jl. C.C pa3JII1'1aJIl1Cb.peBHei1WI1Xb ap e a e u s". HalJaBWHMb npooapascs nOSlBJlSlTbCSI Y uacs raxie Bb 60J1bWOMb crana HaWl1 lJHCJIt co H3BtH Bb X-ro cron'sria. lJT06bl xorna CJIY)K6bl Y HaUlHXb sapsra nacanacs KHSl3eti.Ci1ero BaMH: onacanin rawn".Jl.180 M.ueHiSl.95-97) C'II1TaeT'b sapsroma p Y )(( 11 H H K a M H. B'b KOHcTaHTHHOnOJli> CB. aanacea H BapSirO-aHrJIiHCKaSi Jl. BI1HUiSl. 362. Feneonom.a HI1Kl1cfJopa. Ha3blBaCMblXb - napa- Nordrnanna. T.aJIi>c (CTp.CC'bCB. 6blJIb Onacaaie KVaeringus OJl. Bpar-s OTTYJl. ItCTOPHKH ynorperinams (ibidem. 'ITO rCJIbMOJIb)l. "PYCb" 0 .uy 3ti.HTb OTPblBOKb ATTaJIioTbl. Ha3bIBaJII1Cb rpCKaMI1 11 apa6aMH "MapKOMaHaMI1 MapOKb.H rJIarOJlCMb B03cTaHic HI1KltcfJopa pona rJISlHC. QJIacfJa Bb car-s. ItMSI.t Ha'laJlbHblH JIi>TOnI1CCUb. i con 1876.I1HbIMb 113b cnsrrauxu CTp. H Bb XII Tp y n OccJIJIa u : H3Jl. Bb a l13b 'DHPKH Bb H3BtcrHOe MtCTO cnfsnam. WHPOKOMY xpyry.60JlbWOM'b '1ItCJIi> HopMaHOB'b. B3pHHrOB'b CTOHTb: aurnasarrs. "npHnJIY nOJl.CHHarOJl. I1Mn. .HMb. B..OBb 6C3pa3JIH'IHO Py c s nanse. Iloronnm. BJIaJl. 6blJIb C06blTiSiMb 'ITO Bb 988 rony BH3aHTii1cKic p s r n It 1085 rona.I1Hi>)((e orpasxa Ti> )((C BOHCKa naasana 'ITO Kb KOHUY "BapSiraMH". cTp. 113Jl. P Y CCK i H B aa TaK)((C apasncxaro OTnpaBJICHb OCCJIJIa H 3THXb 'ITO ItCTOpHKa Acoxaxa. 3TI1Xb OTPbIBKOB'b Cb TCPMHHbl "PYCb" Hasansaon JIi>TOnI1CblO noxaausaer-s.cTp.!" 4aCTb!O aura nan'se aa iors. CTp.uOJ1)KHbl 6blJlH "PYCb" onpeirsnan. xopnycs Angli".ni>TonHcb npOJl. (npunoxeaie Ng 2). BOCnl1TaHHI1Ka 113Bi>cTHaro I1CTOpl1Ka 11MaTCMaTHKa nOJl. rJl. COJIOBbCB'b ("l1cTopiSi Po cc i a Cb Jl.MaHbl ok Vacringja.PY31t1trbTC TaKO H CH". 113b narsaa's.. II. lJaCTblO XopOWO JItronHCH..T. Jl.. npasena H no oruouienno uactBb Pa36HpaSl nOHSlTHblMH CBOH 3anHCH 60JIte Kb BapSlraMb.CHa no ItCJIaHJl. Barapcxaa TaKb npoH 113b 3Ta - 6I1TBaXb. UHTaTa S I a v 0 ru m" Helmold'a.. HO n. raxs Y Opnepnxa \V aringos 178) (i bid quidarn e m. C06.HSlSInaura KaKb Ha3blBalOTCSI 06blKHOBCHHO JIIOJl. H PYCb"."WaXMaTOB'b. CW. 'ITO Bb 3TO BpCMIl TCPMItHbl H OC06CHHO nOCJIi> COCTOSlJlb quos "Angli.uYKI1 (1071-1078).BapSI)((bCKa 382) npusoBb 1077 rony OTJIH'IaIOTCSI OTb sapsroas : "annara (T.CKH). 1t3'b 6000-ro TItH asaxy ncpBblH xopnycs aapaarom-Pyca 6'b 988 rony "PyccKaro" 1.b. CB. npu BHJl.0 1170 rona. 1t3'b Arranioru. r. HOCSlW. VI Map Ky. HO saparom.. KaKb <PoTiSl. H 'ITO. Jl. Bb CCPCJl.Py3HIt )((C YpMaHc. "Saxones noort 6ltTBbi I'acrnurcf KaKb TO CJIi>Jl.19. Bb Beacpows. euie 1846 17') XI B. Bb IX Bi>Ki>. Bb "MHKJIHrap.YCTb H3b r. M.HOrO 1t3'b '1YJl. BaCHJIbCBcKii1 ("TpYJl.C HC 6blJIO 11 HXb HC 3HaJlI1. HilO npHBCJl. BaCHJIbCBCKiH ("BapSiro-PyccKaSi Bi>Ki>". aasant.OJI)((aTCJISI AMapTOJIa: CYW. no naBpcHTicBCKOMY P Y Cb.p06HO H)((C H CKi>Jl. CJII1'lcHic BapSl)((CKii1 xopnycs. rpexa Ha'laJII1 3HaKOMJ.ub". 373-382). onscsreaiouiia loauas.PY)((HHa Bb KOHCTaHTHHOnOJIi> Bb 1908).. Pycrpnuretrs. 1864. HMi>IOw. B 1. C06. Manareppa 06pa30M'b appellant" It OpJl. nOKI1HYBWI1MI1OTC'ICCTSO.uepOMb MapKt. raxt.OKa3bIBaCTb. AH'bC06. AKaJl.CKarO H CJIOBb narpiapxa TCPMItHOM'b "PYCb". B.179 Dl1PKY. rony Hasansnaro Jlfsronacua Me)K. Ha'lHHaCTCSI TaKHMIt CJIO)((C UItTaTa (Ant.bl. crp.PY)((I1HHI1KH H no cro 180) MOPCXOJl.CpHKa BHTaJIiSl. cn'snan.HTCSI OOrOJl.HMipOMb KOHCTaHTItHOnOJlb 6000-Hbli1 OTPSlJl. in Russia servum Haralds er peir emerat" (CM.252 aropoii crHblMb n0J10BHHbl H. no CJlH'lCHilO BbllucynoMSlHYTblXb CTp.HO H3'b )((I1TiSi Feopris AMaCTpl1Jl. Bbl6HBacTb HSlJIb 3aMOK'b Aeapt.b. npOTI1B'b IIMncpaTopa "P03bICKaHiSl". J. 90) YKa3bIBaCTb.OBbl aa r H p bl ncpCWJIH .OWCJIb K'b caaoay Bb KOHCTaHTI1HOnOJIIO 11 aapaacxasa Kopa6JlI1. par var mikill fj61di k o mi n g ka lla Rus s e s.g) Y "CHUC 60 CSI BapSl3H PYCb. Jl. r.bl". OTOBCIOJl.II. BC3Wic 3TOTb uriecs OTPSlJl. rJIaBHbIM'b BJIaJl.HMipoMb.li8 SlBJ1eHieMb Bb anoxy. 22) npa K 0 H CT a H T It H 0 n 0 Jl SI rOBopHTCSI 0 .OSCJl. B'b cart. 326. TaK)((C BblHOCKY 187. 6blTOBbiMb H Bb Hosroponf HraKb. HaYKb.HO.. OTb 1872. Ti> )((e Jl. ("B a p Slrl1 "e h ron As a n e a ia HaYKb.tTbCSI 'b C Xl-ro Bi>Ka Bb BH3aHTil1 TO'lHO pa3JII1'laJI'b ItX'b (Bb 60JIbWI1HCTBi> CJIY'laCBb) BI1Jl.t "BapSlrl1" ynoTpc6JISlJII1Cb CI1HOHI1MI1'1HO. H ATTaJIioTbJ. 113b KOTOPblXb Sb T. J1SlE B 'b KCOHCKaro npOHCXO)K.i> ra s Hardrada Vaeringja". r." DO MHi>06pa30BaHb nocnamiaro CnItCKY. BOJICIO I1JII1HCBOJICIO.aJ1eKiti Kierrs: l1 nfsronacuu. I. reJ1bMOJIb. MHOrO'lHCJlCHHbIC) Nordrnanna BCnOMOraTCJIbHarO xopnyca. na oCHoBaHiH COBPCMCHHblXb Jl..PY3HH 30BYTCSI CBCH. SlKO CC Jl. )((C KaKb HO J. KOTOPblC HaCCJISIIOTb HC nOCJIi>Jl. 364). ero Bpieuuis Ml1xal1JIa .1-V.ua Barapckolt n. P Y C b 10. Bb X CW.Y coopaaaue. B'b CJIaSSlHCKOH3CMJIi> MHoro CJIaBSlHb. I. MHi>HiIO.. 2. 47) HOpJl. OccJIJIa (1018-1076).JlSl 0603Ha'lCHiSi OTPSlJl." 3anHCKH I1Mncp.. TaK)((C KaKb 11 Bb KOHUi> "PYCCKI1MH" naasaasr nopsas- Bb 3aMOK'b BOI1Hbl. uaaaanu "PYCCKHMH".aSl MY)((Ci1 CI1JIbHblXb H np"BOJl. BaCItJIbCBCKaro.I1.

OKYMeHTOBb. HO 11 H3YlJeHie carb.u. T. 11 . Saga and oouiecrsenaoe JIeKuiH Bb of Oral MHtHie. MelJTaJib 0 5b CBOHXb Ha 3HaIJeHie ctBepHblxb "I1CJIaH.II.1l.II.Ilparo (1067-1148). xpsrra np06Y)J(. J1'BTOnHCHblxb I1CTOlJHI1KOBb. outHKH CSlIUI1XCSI b K Poccia. npanannexaauraxs 181) Bb CBOIO osepens.YKI1H. Russland im 03arJIaBHJlb "Modern des the Reliability Tradition. COBpeMeHHHRa Ii 04eBI1.u.1l.4YTb J111 He Bb 3TOMb sapsrom. PYCCKOMb nepesozrs: Ha4aJIb 1834 5b 1840 rony ol16JIioTeRt Bb PYCCKOM .eMiSi HaYKb H na sanan's. e.blXb ronaxs. H 11CJIaB5IHe. Olals komings helga") JIHTepaTYPbl . H.eHiH F'e n e o ao a-s I1Mn. HaMI1 BonpocoBb.y6t)J(. rJlHHSlHb. ronu a aenasao v.ll.II. nOlJl1HY no N ordisk nom.Il.u.Il. 06paIUaJlb MaHie oaHepb OT.II.Il.II. (Saga-Book. OTHOCSlIUI1XCSI Kb JISlIUeHKo ("Eymundar caroa. X. HaYKb. yrny Bap5DKCKaro MOpS! 3aKJllOlJaeTCS! npoacxoxcneuis 11 pYCI1.ll.JISI 'ITeHiSi nporoiepes Kb carasrs.JlSIH3YIJeHiSi PYCCKOH HCTOpiH.ll.CKaSirpaMMaTI1Ka.II.tCb HaMb SlceHb llCT04HHKb noapocnuxt. a 0 lJeMb Bb Illneueps Y)J(e lib 1764 rony 1849 rony lIcnOMHHaJib KYHHKb H.aTbBb (Konge 11 CeHKOBCKI1Mb 6b1JIa OTB03MO)J(HOCTb 4JIeHaM1> Oldskrift S e I s kab) Ant i qui t OC06blH (f>OH. Bb csoews orua rrpenacnoaia CHOPPH eb 6naro. 11. npucrynnrs Rb aanaairo 6JIaro. BtPOSITHO.I.Il. b 11CTOpl1'IeCKOMb IV. sroro Ka)J(eTC5I.1fl2 sarpouyruxs Taio. Marnycony (t 1847).u. Festschrift 183) BXO.Il. CBSlTOMb ("Saga Nordischen X-XIV j a h r h u n d e r t s". 18a) 3anHcKH HaYKb.u.a." 4HTaBwiH CM. OTMtTHTb. nOSlBI1JICSI epesom. 113MtHeHie np0l130WJIO OTMtTI1JIb p. CTp. C06HpaJlaCb Ero YJKe 3Ha'lHTeJIbHO n03JKe. car-s.Il. JltTiSl. 11sarpu. Tiaaaepa Ha3BaHieMb 113B. Bb 5b 06b nareparops H ny6JTI1· Bb ero UHCTb O.1928. Illaxxarosa.CKIH H PIOPHKb HAlfAJlbHOH Jl1HOnl1CH 253 CJ1'B.apSi Ha4aJIt car-s. M.Il. T.OBblXbB a P 0 B b. KaKb HCTOpH'leCKHXb . 1924.YlOlllee 3aM'BlJaHie: KJ1lOlJb Kb TaHH'B . oc06eHHO. uacryrnors JISlIUeHKo. Bb JIOH.HO CJIOBO COpBaJ10Cb euie Cb 513blKa reJ1bMOJ1b. 3. nOJlY'IeHHbIXb CHOPPH OTb APH.1l.tJlt c r i t i que s".II.Il. nOCKOJlbKY Heimskringla OCHOBaHa na CBt.CRHMbHCTOPHKOMb CHOPpH CTYPJIYCOHOMb H HOCHTb Ha3S3Hie H ei ma.HHSlIOTCSI BM'BCT'B 11 piYCTPH. Bb Origines TtMb 11 ero AK.. 1926. 11 aapsrn. OTHO- AKa. KaRb rOBOpl1Tb MaJIO aarepecosanacs BaCI1JIbeBCKaro.II.PH'Ieit CHCTeMa 0 npOHCXO)J(. hi n n fr 0 d i. Harepecno 0 rtpotp.u.ll. sanevaraas cant npexpacsoat. SlCHO. epaJKaJIcSI eb O})a(f>oMb CSSlTblMb (H I'apansnoat. aroro <l>pHCJ1aH.b. e.Il.Y¢PI13aMI1 H PYCblO.aHil1 car's Finnur 116) 3aMtTl1Jlb: "Bb nocnsauie Knut Liest61 HXb: Schriftum H3b XpHCTiaHiH.ll. Bb 1(64) es "PyceKie CTO- BeCeJIOBCKaro. no sonpocy - Taxoe JKe Jonsson.OBY cary C60PHI1Kt.iH H 101lll1Xb 0 poceuray. Ca611HI1Ha 11lib nana 1849 )J(e HCJIaH.OKYMeHTOBb. 1864.u.!l.Il.tHiSl".OHCKOMb YHHBepcHTeTt. FloroBHI1s He MHb. a Bb 1854 r. TaKI1Mb oopaaows. OHa 6a3HpyeTcSI na paacsaaaxs Hall'a.ll.aTlJaHe. HO. CeHKOBCKiH. M. nOCBSlIUeHHblXb )J(H3HeonHcaHilO KOpOJIeH Hopseria. Bb TO)J(. B. p. T.pyrHxb. Ilarcxaro KOpOJIeBCRaro Apxeonorusecsaro <P. 1926 r. Bb MOJIO.u. "Das Cara 06b OJla(f>t historische E.CKoi1HCTOpiH APH MY. yseaae rpynaat." Pocciu. xoropas Y4aCTil1 Ysapoea.O.POPHKb IOTJlAHll.Il. CBt. nepBblH Ru s s ic a e. 1.ll.1l. n nonnncxa ua OJla(f>t Tparraacoirs npa C.1l. Herman Ilepenows Bpayaa.ogk. 1852 Saga". HO. KaKb MaTepiaJTa . 'ITO Bb csoews 113.u.tHiSlXb. AK. VI (npunoxeaie N92).Il. Ba p s r o e s H PYCH". a Tt. ligt 3MMYH.HTb Bb cocrass C60PHHKb UHKJla HCTOPIf- 4eCKlfXb car-s.JTSI PYCCKOH I1CTopil1 8. HO H Cb npe.181 MmKeTb HaMb CTaJIO 6blTb pasranxa "CJ10Ba" H JIe)J(I1Tb Bb CB5I311Me)J(.aTbCSI nnrepecs 06IUecTBa 113. Kb IJI1CJlY 60. COBeplllHJIO nOJlHbli1 nosopor-s. KapaM3HHb cneulansaows .eHieMb.eCTB'BPOpl1Ka H3b Ptopnxa HaWI1Xb JItTOnI1CeH.TO Bce 6bl CJIOBa OHb He 3HaJ1b". rony nepBblH. Bpayirs. 3Ha4eHiSl car-s.ll. Pa(f>HY 11 MYHKY I1CJIaH.- . A. 3TOTb COeTaBJIeHb oxono OT3bl- 1225 rona 3HaMeHHTbiMb HCJIaH.OBblXb JI 11 0 HOB bH 113b Bl1.'t (Siiklastad).Il. n03HaROMHJIb WHPOKYIO PYCCKYIO ny6JIHKY Cb CaraMI1 (f>I1JIOJlOrb. "KpyrJIblM csoero CBtTb" s kringl (15).ua.Re mar que caraws He MeHte H Lllneneps OTHOCHJTHCbKb TOJlbRO Cb OCTOPO)J(HOCTblO.11uopwansr. "CMtHI1JII1" S. 3. 3Ha4eHiH car-s H ctBepHOH Halle. Fapnpanoa) Bb 6HTBt 1030 rona rrpa CTHKJlbCTa.II. Cb CeMHJltTHSIro sospacra OCHPOTtBWiH APH nOCenl1JICSI5b . BTOPOH TOM b .tHii1 06b OJIa(f>t.oBt.Il. HCJIaH. MO)J(eTb npOJ1HTb CBtTb Bb cart 06b nOB'BC'fBYH3b ua HtKoTopble He TOJ1bKO cpaauenie BJ1a.I1Mip'B H 51pocJIaB'B. ECJII1 6bl.OMt npecrapsnaro Hall Thorarinsson'a. OJ1acp'B CBSlTOMb 188HMteTC5I 3rl1Hrap. KOTOPbIH.apHocTblO BaeTCSI 0 paooraxs npenurecraenaaxa.'BCb COe.CKHXbcar-s 11npyrnxv Russes.

Il.Me)((. I.Il. p. Sag aBo 0 k. p. e. 321). Lagman) Topraa Toprnacoa'a. V.l>JlaHo O. nO. Torna sucrynam.peBHOCTb npo- HCXO)K.Il.06I1TbC5J npOIJHarO MHpa aa nonyocrpoas. IV. SOHHbl. "Eymundar Saga H pyccKi5J Jll>TOnHCH". 11CTOpOIIIIHKaMH ero craparo "ntcTYlla". 320). raxxe "Saga Olafs konungs ens Helga". Kapenuo. "KTO .Py)((60H Co MHrltrep. Ant.Il.Il. BJlI0611J1aCb 11 naxe paacxaas 06b 11nrnrepnfs.Il.Il..Il. 183) .aHaBo 1834 rony CeHKoBcKHMO Bb DH6J1ioTeKl> . CM.Jl5J4TeHiSl. M3Bl>CTiSi AKa.Il. 1926. co npyroa CTOpOHbl.254 nOBtcTBOBaHie.CKiH 11JlaTHHCKiH TeKCTbl rpexv sapianrom.060 APH CM. a raxxe Bo V-Mo TOMl> nonaaro cotipaais ero CO'lHHeHiH (Cn6.II.Il.Il. Unger. P. nosepn Hnrnrepna. Sag aLi bra r y.OCTOI1HoMoeH .CKI1: "skal ek pik gipta nokkurum peini hofaingja er mer se eigandi vinatta via. I1MtJlb CB5J311 Co Hopserietl H. )((eHaTblH aa MHre6bOprl>. 329). 6Y.II. R. 'ITO HI1KTOHe MO)((eTo CpaBHI1TbCSI xpa6pOCTbIO Co OJla¢OMo. cecrpf Onatpa Tparrsacona.I1.Il. Bb T. nOMl>w. . Russes. 29.l>Cb.ilO.HHHJlO HXo napcrea: "Olafr Noregskonungr t6k einum morni V korninga . CTp. aecswa CBOeBOJlbHaSl sa HOpBe)KCKarO O.Il.llXO.-rro auuina 3aMY)Kb sa KOHYHra 51PI1CJI H<i>a" . T. TPY.185 e Ynopnoe uexenanle Onarpa CKOTKOHYHra sunan.Il. KOTOPblH Bo O. T. cTapblH Topruu. 770.6lafr kontingr .. CTapaJlC5JBbl. KaKb BnOJlHt 3TO ero BOJlSJ. qui mea amicitia dignus sit".HaKO c-nrramBOJ1HeHie 6paKb. TaK)((e BaCI1J1beBCKiH. 1853. PO.llaMI1 Ilpespacaua nepeson» Co I1CJIaH.HO 06bSJCHHMblMH O.Jlsuienko 3. He XOTl>Jlb 0 MHPl> Co OJla¢OMO. IS~) "Heimskringla". I. KOCBeHHblMb 06pa30Mb. 1061.llOCTOI1HCTSa H.lltJlY ••• I1 TOr. " (Ibidem.. CTp.KpHTI1'IecKiH paaeops Cara narrs A.bH(Laga-rnadr.SJlUeMY.HJlO narepux» KOpOJleH H npHCOe.HOyrpo n06l>.Il.no PYCCKI1 OHa 6blJla A3.Il.oKJIa.)K113HeOnl1CaHie Apl1 nOMl>w.TBep)K.HHMb ynpSJMCTBOMb H 06H. MarHYCOHOMO 11 B.I1. .Il. Bo Saga Library (v.cKiH: - raxoro BJlaCTI1TeJlSJ..CKarO HO H caMOH KOPOJlSJH rOTOBHOCTb pHCKOBaTb npa He TOJlbKO npecronows. .II.Il. Jlsuienxo Bo crarsb. 446) 11Bo npyrows TeKCTl>: "regem Olavum promto et facile animo have rem excepisse" (I bid e m. ." (A n t. HeCMOTpSJ na CaMOe cepseauoe norpanavnuxt.Rorik of Jutland & Rurik of the Russian Chronicles". Wse. 06J1aCTeH.Il.aTb nOCJll>. nOJlb3Y5JCbpO.Il. 60SJBwarocSJ BnOJ1Ht BCKOpt Te6SJ JlI1Wb sa aosepn 3TOTb.Il. OTI1Mo nepeaoaows SI npeaayiuecreeaao nOJlb30BaJlCSIBo csoews aHmiHcKoMo . a Bo 1016 rony. 248.. 141. earn. Bo cJlYlJal> BOHHbl.l> naers OHMYH.Il. pl1Ka O no6i>. ESJ OTeUb HI1)Ke eSJ.CKiH It cnsnuan. X. 421).aeTb .OH.P06HOCTH o 51pocJlaBl> 11 MHrHrep.CKarO KOPOJlSJOnarpa CKOTKOHYHra. pa30pl1TeJlbHOH KOPOJlSJ OJla<i>a TaKOH 6paKb uaceneuia rosopam. T.Il. . sagdt pat vera sinn vilja" (I bid e m.Bo Ant i qui t s R u sse s. .lleTb KaKb 6Y. 60SlJlcSI paaopenia csoero Y. eBOIO Pl>'Ib OHo 3aKOH'IHJlo YJlbTI1MaTYMOMo: 11J111 COrJlaCHTbC5Jaa Ml1po H asmars e a . v. WBe.Il.Il.Il.l>npenacnosis Ko Islendingab6c ApH.II. R u sse s. CTp.OBa Cara ("Saga Eymundar". OTBl>To aTOTo Bbl3BaHo 3aSlBJleHieMo Hurarepnu.l>Jla..llOCJlOBiSJ PlOpHKa. I.CTBeHHbIMItCB5J35JMH (OHO 6blJlo CblHOMo YJlb¢a It nJleM5JHHltKOMo Onarpa CKOTKoHYHra) 11. IV).II.II. .ilO"craparo Opl1Ka OHMYH.llYlUarO Onarpa CBSJTOrO)..II. flateyjarb6k sra cara saeceaa Bo cary 060 Onadrs CBSITOMo cpaay nocnf rnaaa 0 CBaTOBCTBl> 51pocJlaBa 11 MHrHrep. aosaaueaers.·cKHMO1PJlOMO S Paraaansnosn. 1929. v. II.llTO 6bl "SJ Bbl.186 Ka3aJ1HCb MHt.bl). no I1CJIaH.Il. p. MOPPHCOMO Bo 1893 r.bl npOH30WJla He Bo 1019.lleHiSJ anaxenie H ropnaro uapesna.II. 'ITO )((eHHTb6a 51pocJlaBa H MHrHrep. aanpe- npocsaraua OOJlhWOrO (6Y.llPY)K6y".py)((6bl".Cb KOTOPblMb "nOCJlbl OTb KOHYHra 51pH- MHt yronuo CJ1eH<i>a 113b 6b1 OHa npl16blJll1 Xonwrapna Bb BOCTOllHOH crpairs".I bid e m. H. corJl'lCHO cs pa3CKa30MO OHMYH.I1.Il. HanOMHI1J1onpo noxonu na BOCTOKo "Bo <PI1HJl5JH. 61>JlSlEBb KOTOpOe. TI1Jlb Cb Hopseriea cpena Taio. Christiania.Il. CY. Bo JlaTI1HCKOMo TeKCTl> earn CTOI1To: "ego te nuptum dabo principi alicui.a "KOHYHrb I1 cxaaam-.Il. 1858.eHbl I1CJlaH. A. H. Hurarepny 3TOMb HOpBe)K.Il. oCToHilO It KYPJl5JH.II. .COHa. Munch & C.ocooeano.l>Bo Viking Society.OBOi1cam. .HIOIOaa Onadia HOpBe)((CKarO It Tl>Mb . v. v.llaJlbHl>HWiSi nO.eHo BO 2-MO BbmycKl> A I t nor dis c h e Saga-Bibliothek (Leipzig 1892) Bo BI1.OHOCHarO. Parnaansn's. 186) Bo 1015 rony Bo Yncanf ua CeHMl> OJlaCpo CKOTKoHYHro Lllaencxia BCTPl>THJlCSICo BecreprorJlaH. KOPOJlb WBe.Il.II.Y npO'lHMb.3aTl>Mo Bsopaa 11orua KOPOJl5J. 3TO 6blJla nO.CKarO aa aHrJliHcKiH C. )KH3HblO.Il. sro Onaqrs sa OTHeccSJ Kb 3TOMy.II.184 nonxonsutif Onarpt.eMiH HaYKo.llaMb BeCTI1 .

bl na norpauaxnu» Cb TtMb )Ke CTOJlKHOBeHiSl.•.ll.ll.pOOHOCTeH0 KHSl)KeHil1 Piopaxa: Kb KOTOPOMY OHb ne0 MaJIOJItTHeMb KHSl)KeHbeceoe OJlrOBH. past.ll.ll. Bb Bb 60JIOTO Y Mopa". 1'1 no CMep~1'I "Bayer erkliirte Bb POCciH" ["Vreringi sie" (diese Wariinger'. Saga Oj a Is Ig a. s.ll.blH Ckiom. J13. BI1. He 11-rro 06bSlcHeHie xorsm. crarsf CTp.!l.1>TecKbBeJlbMI1". 3.!l.lI. 6blJIb lagman" 06b OJIa<l>t CBSITOMb Onl1CblBaeTCSIKaKb Bb 1029 rony ce6S1 Ii .tCb.l1. 11Jle)KI1Tb KJllOlib Morb pasraaxs. onnoro HO If KaKb Y MJIa. (Arkiv f. 1929. BOeHHOnJltHHoti.y "0 eapsraxs. 1802. no TOMb. BHYKb craparo 06b npOHCXO. I'ansneraua.. e. 6blTb BO.22.187 H Hal160Jlte BtpoSlTHoe 3TOMY Jle)KI1Tb Bb nonro He3a6blBaBllleHcSl CBSl3HCO CKioJlb. He TOJibKO KaKb Y rocynapa MorYlll.190 Jlaspenrieecxows uaauaaeri. T.l1.!I.eMb.ll.!l.ll.) "fest elnn i goroum austr keypti".OCJIOBHOifJ1t'lY. H onucau- 1872. Nerman C'IHTaeTb. von den kngl. BH.ll.nynrt.i>: "Die (t 882) 181) t iku m in der Bb cart j im g er en E is OTHOCSlTCSIKb 850-860 p.. rparpa. KOMMI'lCcil'l.ll.aBb eMY CblHb CBOH na pyut Hropa. H.ll.BbOPH3.POPHKb IOTnAH.eBbIMb.ll. nanfse. 6t)f(aBWarO seriro. 'ITO noxonu Opl1Ka rony. KHSI)KeHie H nonevesie ero sunearam.Y H Bb cart Hsapa 4>a. Oseas Onadia Bb Poccia. Mon 6J1aro rocynapcrsa. HJII1. nordl.ll.aHie 11.eCTBeHHoMY. Stockholm." - Russische Annalen in ihrer Slavo- nischen 189) Orundsprache JI i> Ton H Cb no verglichen. JI a B p e H Tie B C K 0 M Y C n 1'1 CKy. rorna npoacxoxneniews OHb nOJlYlIl1Tb Bb )KeHbl. T. UtHI1J1b H JltTonHCb coxpanuna I1HTepecH1>e CBt.eCb.peBHtHWI'IXb Tarnuieeaws. Bbl.•• B.ll. uarepecnu npO'lI1Mb. . HO "CBOIO" HHrHrep.aJIb I1Hrl1rep.YHraMI1. OTb pona eMY cyuia. HO BCKOpt Cb ToprHI1 filologie. p. a 51pocJlaBb.!l. 6yeTb ornars OTb JlHlllb aa Onarpowi» npyroa Onarpy Kb caoeji nosepa euie noxepa HO 3. He CTOJIbKO onacanie <l>aKToBb. KaKb Ka)KeTCSl. Cb MblCJlblO.b "Torgny B.. 4TO H Baitep's C4HTaJlb Piopnxa Csionsnyarowt. 270. e.Y aa 51pocJIaBa.tTb Bb PIOPI1Kt I1MeHHOuraena. CKOJIbKO TOHb nOBtcTBOBtlHi5l. P'o c c la c x a a Cb caMblXb . 290). cnl1cKt. Kb nepiony OCHoBaHiSi pyccxaro rocynapcraa. sro OTb HHrJlI1HrOBb. HaMb MaJIO nO.06PQMb Cnrypna PI1Hra.1>HiSl OOb oruoureuiaxt. PlOpHKa.!I.a panyumo BJIa. s e s. sacre KHSI)f(enie Ii CbIHa csoero coepaauas J1HropSi BeJIbMI'I IOHa. Cn6. Ibidem.tBb zce CbIHa Onsry. nepsaa.MHoriSl . aapa- PYWHJIb 06tllI.189 10aKI1MOBCKaSl 3TOMb Hrops: "npe.!l.tCb.ll. Bapsry cyuiy KHSl310 . XOTSl H H cxnranace He BnOJlHt 3aKoHHol1. BOJlbWOMY.ll. nonpotiao 32. Me)f(. Cb KOTOPblMb OTHOCI1J1I1Cb HOpH Be)KCKie H uraencxle KOPOJlI1Kb HalllHMb PIOPI1KOBHlIaMb.OJI)f(eHb 6bJJIb COrJIaCHTbCSI. 51pocJlaBb H J1HrHrep. CTp. KaKb CTOHTb Bb JltTOnI1Cb.188 Hasansnas penam.l1. HeCMOTpSlna CBOIO HeJl1060Bb Kb COrJlaWaeTCSl ua 6paKb WBe. fUr Skandinavier aber besonders Iiir Abkommlinge "H e cr o p s. ClfJIbHOi1 crpanu noxaasrsae'rs. ibid Fnasa 81. 5 KOHYHroBb. MHtHie XOTSl 11 Bai1epa. CTp.Y cornauiancs pom.tTeJIei1 Bb Hop0 soaapamesiu 113b Hopseri« MarHyca nocJIt B03cTaHiSi npOTI1Bb Hero MtCTHblXb 191) If. YMl1paSl.PY)((HHbl(rnaea (rnaaa 'ITO xapaxrep 11onncauis onacauie s oraourenia BCTpi>THJII1 Onarpa.Me. OJla¢b .uCKI~ H PIOPHK'b HA4AnbHO~ n"lHOnHCH 255.WI1Xb no PO.01lb pa6blHI1. OTb MJla. uebersetzt und erkliirt" Oottingen. MeHte OCTaBJlSlSIBb H .311ie Apxeorparpasecsof ap e a e a u •. Mocxsa. npa 6poweHHbiMb Bb Bb. KHHra Ilepsas. rrpenane WyPI1Hy CBoeMY 35: "BH. 11Bb cart 0 ero CblHt Maruycs noaraepxnaioru ssrcoxoe ysaxeaie.I1J1b OTb J1. COXpaHel-IHaSl TaTI1lll.lI.ll. diinischen Sk] 01 dung Oeschlecht.!I.!I. nenncaaro npl1MHpl1TbCSl roro rpe- He3HaTHblH HOpBe)KCKiti KOPOJlb Cb HeSlCHblMb sepeas Onaoa-Ilpoaoctxa. ACTPH.a [larteign]. onH30. Nerman'OMb nocrsnyrouiew» TPY. HalJl1HaeTCSI Cb ynoMI'IHaH1S1 CTHlfut Kb crapuieay. KaKb "Tt (Ant.JISI"KOpMJIeHiSl" Poccia csraa Kb 60JIte 203).!l. KOTOPblXb HaWH npenxa g she BBeprJIH aa crporrrasocrs e m.ll.PyriSl MtcTa Onaqrs.J.!I. CJlY)f(I'IBWHXb 188) 'lY. TtMb 3a6Y. 100) "l1cTopiSi HaSl. s. Cxionsnyura.ll.!1. 50.. cOBepWaBWI'IXCSlI'I npH )((H3HI'I.aCTh Onera Rus lllYPHHOMb Hurarepny k 0 nun 306paHb aa HOpBe)f(CKarO KOPOJISI.WeH JlHHil1 Bb P0.n.CKHi KOPOJlb nerxo Acrpana 6blJla nosepuo Eansr.302) H Bb Verbindungen zwischen Skandinavien und dem Os t b a le n zeit". sepeau BeCTH CBOH Fapansna KaKb CaM"b CKOTKOHYHrb.Y.!I. 1768. 61> 60 .ll. Onery. CblHt lllneuep's. rOp.470].ll.aJII1 eMY 3eMJII1 .

i bid e m. 385. Jl.t (Ibidem. 3Tl1Xb HeMHOrl1Xb OTPbIBOt{HbIXb CBi>. IV2) M. CTp. CI1H )f(e MY)f(H Bap513H CJIOBi>He. KaKb 60JIl-WOH OCTPOBb. J1aBpoBcKiH H a yx ("113CJItJl. r. K0 M a H Y C K P Ii n T b. Kb CBtJl. 1855.194 Bb HaCTOSl uiee BpeM51COOTBi>TcTBYIOw.OBaHie naca loaKIiMoBcKoH". 35) C'II1TaeTb Onera npa 3TOMb WYPI1HOMb. npyroa SIpKO ssrpaaaeureeca Bb OT3bIBt JIt0 JItTO- Kapaasaaa. OHb 6blJIb nepesonam. H.3TO Hali6oJI'te uaMb (Adami Oesta OTJl. aarop's npnaaasis MaTepianoBb Ii Jl. IV3) XaJlaHCKiH.a Cb npoaonxeaiesn.uaMb opeMeHCKiH. 612 [Ilpanoxeaie nom.tTeJIbCT)\O Propnxa.IiMOH TaTI1w. a caws 0 H. pa3MtpaMI1 He MeHte Hcnanni« Hnli Fpeanaania: 3Ta oWH6Ka ero 6bIJla ucnpaaneaa ero CXOJliaCTOMb. 1883. T. "CB51Ta51"I1JIl1 "CB51 w.ui>HiH n03BOJI51eTb ace Bb HaMb OTMi>TI1Tb. Onert.PYrI1Mb Ii npliMtHSISI T. 61>JlSlEBb naxe C006w. 11 ua TY sacrs 6blJIb H JIi>Ta OJIbrOBbl". M. Onera Fanoronaana. e.n. 3TOMb Erpanna Onera. T.bl (Alfvind). II).eCTBOBaJIO neaoebpie. 1840).ueMHKa cpaay ••• nosepsio Oners KHSl3eMb YpMaHCKHMb (HopMaHCKI1Mb)..eBb rJl. rOBop51 0 I'anoranamrs. e. 48). 'ITO Oners 6hIJIb nJIeMSlHHI1KOMb Piopaxa. Nortmanniae" pagani Adami nonaaaer's.. CTp.eBbIM'b_ csoero BpeMSI cyw. nOM'tTIiBUJI1Mb. H. T. CJIOBaMI1 ranaam. onacauie san c tam nOJIYHOw. A. AK.aBaeMbIMb HOCHTb uasaauie t{TO no MHi>HilO ioaKIiMOBCKOH J1tTomlcblO. CTOPOHbl. MOCKBa. VII. 6paTb eMY cyuia". n.HO 1i3BtcTie Jlnronaca (OTb TaKOMb )f(e OCHOBaHil1. rpanu )f(e Conocrasneuie npyroro paxa.YSI 3a J1aBpoBcKIiMb. OTbTOJIi> npoaaauracs CTaBHTI1 11 . Xanaacxia. TO 3TH.ee KHSl3S1· YpMaHMHi>HilO aKa.060poHa n. Cn6.CKI1Xb rrsronncsx» 11 0 POCciHCKOH IiCTOpil1 Tarauiesa". Cnl1'1aSI OJl. 1902. Erpanna. "Kb I1CTOpili n03TI1'1eCKIiXb cKa3aHiH 06b Onert Btw. 236) Ii 1888) Cb CeHl1rOBb HOBrOp0Jl. OTJII1t{HbIXb OTb cnYTHHKOBb PIO6 bl JII1 PYCblO. Cb PYCCKOH Hecroposon". insula "Hoc Mbl C'IIiTaeMb e m. nannaun- .0 0 T n.uaHH YCTaBI1••• " 191 Om. BYTKOBb (. Tarmuesa Bb nonoopt. COJIHua ua ctBept quretalemiraculam ignorantes ("Mag. CBI1- "HecTopa": 3T0i1 em.06POCOBtCTHOCTb liMb CBtJl.OKa3aJIIi Jl. npasonnr-s yxaaaaie ntTOnl1CIi XVII B. crpanaua 290.aMb BpeMeHcKiH Onl1CbIBaJIb I'anoronanm. )K.a. "OTb pona Tarauiem. a ocooeaao a TaK>Ke Cn6. Jl. Ha3blBaeTCSI no COOTBi>TcTBYIOw. s. TOnl1CIi y rOJIy611HcKaro Ii Y npyrnx». "Bap51311 11 caMb KHSl3b HXb. aa BbIXOJl. 6y. crp.aJleHHaSI '1aCTb Hopaaaia 11 pnl1>KaHWaSI Kb CKpl1Jl..uJ-lHaBCKOMYAlfvind. nonroe npononxaer's Jl.uPb 11xpa6b PYCHIO. Ul) lIP 0 3 bl C K a H i SI". MY)f(b My.256 PIOPI1KOBblMb H cxaro.. T. 11M n.n. 6paToMb MaTepl1 (I bid Eq. Y'I. B03MO>KHbIMb nOnb30BaTbCSI scea BTOPOH '1aCTblO iOaKI1MOBCKOH CaraMI1. OTb xoroparo I1MSI CKioJIb. terram Oesta" morta1ibus" Scriptorum AJl. Ii KHSI3eMb "YpMaHcKIiMb". I1MeHeMb Onsru. 3anaJl. 290. e. TPYJl. Ilpanepxnsascs (BYTKOBb. II (. H. CBO.I1HaMb". Ibidem. A.b .aHJl.eMb".aeTb npa HMSI cecrpu CKali. t{TO Cb OJIerOMb CJI051I1JIH npyroti npenanie CB513bIBaeTbn051BJIeHie Hosroponf rpynnu npnurensuest.uyt{11 ECJIH nocnfsnule speaeua Bb 60JIbWI1HCTBi> csoews 51 PYCHIO" t na HopMaHOMb orxyna - CJIOBi>He" TOJIKO "n p o 3 B a wac nOWJIH "Ti> YKa3bIBaeTb "KH513e·Mb YpMaHCKI1Mb". a I1MeHHO raJIO3TO uassauie Helgeland. PO.uOMb.192 He 6blJIb nopaexuews.. MaJIYIO KPIiTIiKY Ill n eue p a. 3 an.a51HOpBe)f(CKa51 npOBHHui51 raioxe YpMaHCKOMY". Scho1. - Helgi Hopseria.. 385.b 1050 rOJJ. T. I bid IV. Ii 1i3Jl.eHHa51" 3eMJI51. Bb nasant. KaKb Mbl nonsayeacs PYCCKIiMIi JItTOnI1CSIMI1.IiTeJIbHOCTblO Jl.q.CKiH CBOJl.11 6blCTb Y HHXb KbH513b.Har0 e t be a tam) v. J1I1HHIi'leHKO ()K.aHil1 C'II1TaeTb KHSI3eH) ua y6tJl. 152).uCKOMb 1050 rona nocnf nasa nOB1>Y Hero crsoeanis npnxonf KH513ett Bb Hosropom. 'ITO faJIoroJIaHJl.aarnasiews: "B.HblMIi aananaa« Ii ctBepHblMI1 Cb Jl. pnestat vicinior (nan'se crrsnyers iIIam vocant Pertz. CTp.193 HO. KaKb CBoHCTBeHHI1Ka.OCTOBtPHOCTb nasaeasrxs CJItJl. noaroponcxaxs JIIO..u51XbCT051JIO: 116i>wa ..tHiSIMb. p.ui> H0 WaXMaTOBa Bb OCHOBHOMb HOBropo.ua 113b "YpMaHil1" Hopaeriu "Tercia est Halagland ntToMb). npIiBOJl. TO'lKI1 3ptHiSI.tHiH. >KeHbl TaTI1w.0 1079"]. M. TO>Ke CCbIJIaeTCSI aa pac n b H 11'I i H Oner-e Ha3BaHb "BYH 11nropa" .. HOBrOpOJl.) 303) Ii IiMeHHO 1i3b Tarnuiem.uYHrOMb.

Il. nopaxaaumxt. 4TO rorna KaKb nyreurecrsle Orapa npeCJ1i>.He CKpblBaJ1C5I uaurs JlI1 Oners nO.OTb6oJ1te . CJlH Hi>Tb OCHoBaHii1 ClIl1TaTb Oana aa Orapa. nonysam.197 Cb y6i>.Il. I bid e m.t OHb. aenasuee 113CJli>. CTp.Onert. Boer'ows. cawaa )f(e ~opMa Haloga1and 11J111 Haaloga-land.HOe OTb I1MeHI1 crpanu. KaKb no MaTepiaJlY car's. . H·I. Bi>PHi>C.Il.I1Mb BeHOMb npl1. B03BpaLUaBWl1XCSI06paTHO. ranoronauaua OTapa. OTJl'1l1Hble npyr» OTb npyra JlIO. raxoro )l(e MHtHiS! nepxancs H KYHI1Kb. e BHLLHa11 Bb TOMb. rosopsrrs: . CTp. 17 195) ID8) .1I0e Mope".Il.Hii1 ana30.Il. OTKY.Il.132). I.Il.. OTb orna csoero rpl1Ma TPH 3aKOJlLLOBaHHbIXb· crp'snsr.Il. Bb CBSl311 "Op03ieMb" Cb AJ1b<ppe.paBHO 3aMtQaTeJlbHble. Ha'1I1HaSiCb. CM.195 TaKI1Mb 06pa30Mb Helgi . -rro O. 1. paariop's aroro Mt.1l. 1924.Il.tJlaHHbli1 TiaH.t H nyreuiecrals Orapa.. p. "MHorOCTpaHCTBoBaBwHt". Boer (198).lITO OH"b ClIl1TaJlb nOCTbl. 1892.Il.06bSlCHeHie I1MeHI1Onera Sb 3Ha4eHil1 npossnuia BtLUii1 n03BOJlS!eTb HaMb pfnuarenstrse OTO"Det norske folks Historie". C. CKa H.199 nOCJlt.Il.CTBYIOW.a 11 ero npoasanle Oervar-Oddr.Il.3Ta ranoresa BhlCKa3hlBaJIaCh Illerpeaows M OYPOM"b(Ttaanep».b Y)f(e 113. HaKM M BOB"b S"b 6t. TaKb 11 no HaWI1Mb JltTOnl.aBHO sucxaauaanacs ~1bICJlb. npI1BO.Il.llCKIHI1 PtOPI1Ko HA4AJ1bHOH J11>TOnI1CI1 257 MYHKa npOI1CXO. C.YXOBHoe 06J1l1l1be Onna C6J1I1)f(aeTb ero Cb Onerows Bi>LUI1Mb. 190) An ti q ui te s Rus s e s.Il.Il.Il.Y npO'1I1Mb.1850.06HOe C6JlH)I(eHie .KaKb 6YMepaHrb. 1853-54. • t9~) An t i q u It e s Ru s s e s.npesuea <pOPMbl HeJgaJand. 2. He TOJlbKO annsom. 1 e MHoroe rOBOpl1Tb .11. JlS!LUeHKa. 1 . orbi>3. -rro BO BpeM51Ha6i>ra Onm.epOMb.. Cn6. HO 11 caMblH xapaxrepu 11 see .SepMaHOMb BOeBO.aHhl. MyH.Il. 135.b 11Oners O.Il.II. "Extraits D'Orvarooddssaga".OBaHie I.Il. Ilpasna. r. o CMepTH Onera BtLUaro". sparom.96.I1Tb.196 nOCpe. "Qrvar-odds saga".Il.Il.OHpyccxaro KOHYHra.Il.OMbBb Biapwiio Onm.TO. s.Il. 93.. Heft. KaKo npanararensuoe.fCSlMb. J1mueMKo (200 MR.OBaJlO Ml1pHblSl ropronus ui>Jl11 npennplsrie Onna H 6paTa ero Fya. no ero MHtHilO. nO.lli>JlaJlOCb He pas's. J.t.Il. Lubeck. 1851-64. 98. HO Hal160Jlte nOJlHYIO 11 HC4epnblBalOLUYlO KapTI1HY sonpoca.JlaHOrOJIJlaH. 200) 113Bt. naers. Ilonuoe uanaaie earn C.t . cepennau XVIII BtKa. T. 114) M Y J1S1LUeHKa (200).Il. e.I1J1C~· nOJlb3Y roro.200 r..POPI1Ko tOTJ1AH. sarnaelews "JltTOnI1CHbHl CKa3aHiS! A.Il.eM iM H ayx s. apxaauecxoa Q>0PMbl hellagr . v. nom. 254-288.p06Hb1H pa360Pb cam 060 O.. MO)l(eTb pa3CMaTp11BaTbC5I KaKb np0I13BO. B"b 113BJ1elJeHi~x"b rnaBHblSi lJaCTM cam.Il. Leiden.Il.n. 197) Tianaeps.Il. I1Halle Oddr-vidsforli. lIn 0 t. Flyreurecrsie Bb Biapaho 11C6J1I1)1(aeTb ero Cb OTapOMb. sro 06a aTI1 ranoronannua . HO nO. CTp. Py cc s a ro Sl3 hi x a H C 11 0 B e C HOC T H A Ka.11OTO)KLLeCTBJl5lTb H Onna co Orapows HeJlb3S!.n.Il.II.aBHlJ. a Ha060pOTb. Halle a S. 3.3TOMb 3 6bl SlBJlSlJlCSI 3HaMeHI1TblH Opaap's-OamcOpeap's-Crp'sna.HbIMb KJ1aHSlTbC5I nHS!Mb 11KaMHSlMo193 11Cb HacMi>wKoH OTHeccS!Kb npencxaaanito 0 CMepTI1 OTb KOHSl.Il. C.a BeJlI1KarO.HO. 1888. Opaap's "Cb ocrpiews crpfsnu". I1JlI1. 11.cTa CM. 1906. OTKa3bIBaeTC5I rpaoars 6e33aLUHTHblXb )KeHLUI1Hb.Il.sa TO.11 )l(e Bb TO J1HUO. KOHS! H npetiusauie Onna Bb I'apnapaxf JlaH.I1TeJ1bHOCTblOnoxassreaeru.Il. Cb npyroti CTOPOHbl. KaKOBO )l(e 6blJ10 HaCTOS!LUee I1MS!Ortera? Y)f(e . Me)l(.CTBOero I1CKJllOlIl1TeJlbHOHHaTYPbl. rnasa XVI.b I1MeHeMbY)I(e ynOMI1HaBWarocSi HaMI1 ssnue. CTSI)I(aBWa51 MY Bce06LUee nOKJlOHeHie 11Y ce6S! 11Bb lIY)I(I1Xb «pasxt. raxxe Altnordische Saga-Bib uo t h e k.II.. .Il.A.CB5IT0i1.-3TO MtCTO paatiapaercs y Tiaunepa (ibidem. no . 11.KiHnepesoas.' ra xe uarypa.CKHM"b MCTOPHKOM"b R.I1.CTi SI OT. Ilepem. p.HO TYTb Y)J(e CKa3blBaeTCSI6J1arOpO.Il.Meu.i>HcTBHTeJlbHO. '"Oervar-Odds saga".a6blJ10 HaCTOSlLUI1Mb a6i>roMb BI1KI1HrOBb. np0l130WJ1a OTb halugr.

n03TOMY Oneru Kb PIOPHKY 1l0Jl)KeHb 6bIJll> CTaTb Bb HtCKOJlbKO nO.lI.lI.lI.lI. KHSI)KHlIa". 3aTtMb. HO BeCbMa 201.lI.I.eHilO. KaKb ero "BoeBOlla". -rro.lI.lI.lI. nO.H3b I'anoronaana. Bb BbIwenpHBO. Faxom. B3rJlSl.Y "KHSI)Ka".l1.Y HMeHH TO)K.eHiHPlOpHKa H3b napcraenaaro pona CKioJlb.lI. HeMaJIO ero coponnxes Bb KOHut rano- ronaunuea's: 3TO H 6b1J1o BtPOSITHO ero "MY)KH BapSl3H". scero BtpHte.HBWeMCSI3nH30. HO KHSl3S1 HH PO. JltTonHceUb aa KHSl3eH.. KaKb TOJlbKO MbI BCTaHeMb ua npeanaraeayio TOlfKY 3pi>HiSi 0 npOHCXO)K. nenho eroro a H3b I'anoronanna pona 6blJlb OHb.HHaBCKOMY 06blllalO. no npauannexam. Ka3aBwiSiCSIHeSiCHbIMH. . nfsronacs nopyseua oxpaua Oneru .202 TaKHMb Kb PIOPHKY MO)KHOBHlltTb KOCBeHHbISI YKa3aHiSi na ueocnopa- MYIO 3HaTHOCTb npOHCXO)KlleHiSi nocn'snnsro.OBb. XOTSIH I<HSl3b H PO. auuecs "a ce ecrs cnaas Bem1Tb rosopars OTb naua "OJlera H OTb Hrops H .t HallaJlbHbIMb ntTonHcueMb H no"a3b eCMb P0. "BbI irtcra na HHXb MOTHBHpyeTb onpenfsneaao: oruourenlsxs Onera nonoxenho. rocynapcrsa rosopar-s.i>Tb Y rrs'rorracua reuneauiosaoe H3J10)KeHie co6b1Tiii. ClIHTaeTb ynoTpe6J1S1KaKb BbI- .aKHSI)Ka". npauanneHH 11HrJlHHrOMb. no CTapOMY CKaH.HeIgi naun.OMb".lI. Kb WaxMaTOBb (I bid e m.lI.lI. P03blCKaHiSi 0 .lI.peBHi>lilllHXb pyCCKHXb Jli>TonHcHblXb caonaxt. -rro 06bSlCHSleTCSI tMb. Cn6. H3b onncusaeaoe ornouieuho anocnsncrala H O.lI.tHiSi 06b 11I1ropSl201. )Ke. ers XO. 316-321) xoser-s BH.b H3b Oners.lI. . rOBOpSi 0 .lI.UHPY 06pamaeTCSI KaKbKb uananeuie H Bb T.lI.ll. HeSiCHOCTb 3Ta ero Hrops.l1. BbI He KHSl3bSlHH no CBOHMb.OTOTb sonpocs paatiapaercs Bb rnast. YKa3aHiH nOBO. H Bb.BYXb nOCJlt. H BpeMSI ua HOpBe)KCKOMb npecrorrs 6blJlb I'apamers npeKpaCHOBOJlOCbIH.lI. T PIOPHKb H CblHb Onera BOeBO. a. H3b KOTOPblXb 6blJlH npesnie KOHYHrH Fanoronauna H BceH 3eMJlH TPOH.OHOCHbIXb Bsuue MbI npHBO.lI.l1. HO Bb no OTb 6blJla )KaJIHKb uapCTBeHHOH JlHHiH H 6blJlH "BepXOBHbIMH" KOHYHraMH.lIHHeHHOe nonoH orwsvaer» rpaumn.OH Hrops.HHXb. OCHOBaHie .0Mb CBOHMb". roaopars eCMb KHSl3b").lI. Cb asnue. npexute ranoronauncste KOHYHrH COWJlH ua pons 3TOTb $aKTb. npa B3aHMOOTHoweHiSlXb rnasnuxt. Hrops. aXMaTOBb W sonpocs 0 Bb "P03bICKaHiSlXb" PlOpHKa.YHrH. xro.lI.Ha cara. H C006pa)KeHiH no n06t. HO npucaeasers. T. 1908.eCTBeHHOCTb nna H Onera MO)KeTb nOMO% HaMb YSlCHHTbHtKOTOPblSl JltTOO nHCHblSiCBt. 06pa30Mb Cb ACKOJlb. HO H Bb TOlfHOCTH pascsaaa Hasansaaro Jlfsronncua 'rorvacs )Ke ornaaaers.lI. nocn's H.a6bl onpaanars MblCJlb 06b e.BOHCTBeHHoelIHCJlO.lI. rorna SlPJlOBb.lI.lI. HO He 6blJlb HH CKioJlbllYHrOMb.lI. fipaBJlHHa H 6paBaJIbCKOH 6HTBbI. 0 KOTOPblXb Mbl rOBOpHJlH O.I. CKaHllHHaBCKHXb PO. . oaaraaaneaaoa "CKa3aHiSi 0 nepsux's pyCCKHXb KHSl3bSlXb".HHb H3b KOpOJleH Hopeeria.OBb. CTp.".lI. KHSl3b nOJlYlIHJlb OTb CBOHXb .lI. KaKb 6bl ClIHTaSi060HXb aescuaro nonoxeula.lI.lI. 61>nSlEBb Onera Cb xro HMSIOnera nopsexuew» O. TaMb )Ke nSIUJ.l1. sro KaKb cara )KeHie.b ananoraxnuxt.0Jl)KHO 6blJlO SlBHTbCSI Bb Onerows Hosropom. nonraepxnaeri.l1.OMbBCt 3TH OTTtHKH OTHoweHiH oTMtlleHbI lIpe3BbIlIaHHO TOllHO: npo ce6S1 Oneri. Kb "HopllMaHaMb". Xlll-a. rOBOpSl.258 )KeCTBHTb MHtHie.lI..eHKO aucxaauaaer-s . Onert.Y KHSI)Ka" ("a3b CbIHb PIOPHKOBb". . 202) CJli>.HHOBJlaCTiH PlOpHKa.HBOCTH.tHcTByeTb sro HMeHH PlOpHKa.p06HO OCTaHaBJlHBaCTCSI a u B3aHMOOTHOllieHiSlXb Onera yxaauaaer's.lI. §§ 205 H 2()fi.lI.HJlH pSI.lI. a OTpHuaTeJlbHO OTHOCSllUHMCSI anaaony 06b Onerf H ACKOJlbni>. HH no np0l1cxo)K.Kb POllY npOHCXO)KC3MHHrOBb. IX BtKt.0BbBb rom.. Kb ACKOJlbllY Kb "PO. KaKb CKiOJlb. XOTSIH aanacanaas Ilo aacs nouina XII BtKa. e.lI. a Onera . MO)KeTb YKa3bIBaTb JlHWb na JlHHilO CKiOJlbllYHKOHellHOMb urora.b0 TO)KeCTBt 060HXb PIOPl1KOBb.PY)KHHHHKOBb nOXO.II. Onny landvorn.JlSICOMHi>HiSiHe TOJlbKO Bb npaB.YSl a rpYllleBcKHMb.YHroBb.

aHiSlX'b.HbIX'b oaepaxs" (10). r. TaK'b )Ke II Fanoronaan's.lJ. Ho K'b BOCTOKY OT'b HaYM. a 3artMb pansny Toponsdn. HaxO. e.0 CMepTIl 3rl1J1S1. 17" . " <l>IIHMapK'b TSiHeTCS!PSl.I1Jll1 HXb.apCKYtO" nomo .lJ. nOCJIi> CMepTI1 Topomzpa.pyCTOPOHbI BOTmllJeCKarO )J(HBwie Cb HHMb.lJ.<l>I1HJISlH.npOCI1Tb nOMOlUl1 npOTI1Bb KOpeJlOBb.n. naus H . aaauenis .CKOH ceMbH H3'b Padmacra: KBeJlb.lJ. 3aJlHBa.'b(finnland . 248). DOTHH'IeCKarO 3aJlIIBa. e.n. Ha- CeJIeHHblXb lPl1HHaMH.-YJlb¢a " I1HrJlI1HraMI1.OCTOBtPHO OmlCI1BatOlUaSi C06blTiSi Bb I'anoronarurs nOXO.Baeaeaie naers nO.aHHbISl 0 PYKonIlCSlX'b earn 11 ea rJlaBHbIX'b 1l3.lJ. TOT'b .Bib Li0 the k.n.llBt)J(bl1 WKypbl l1 BctXb 20f) TOPOJIb$b Cb <l>apaBl1D.ilO. 11 KBeHbl.OBb rJlaBHblMb H Bb 6HTBt CI1Jla nporus C60plUl1Ka CeMI1. pa3CTaJlHCb .i> rOBoplITCSI 0 BTOPOM'b nOXO.CKiff 11 JIaTIIHCKiH TeKCT'b) nOMi>meHbl B'b II-M'b TOMi> An t iq uf t e s Ru s s e s (II.n.llt.i> OHI1 noCeJlHJlIlCb ua aanannowe 6epery OCTpOBa B'b Bopr's.'b 11KBeHHaH.lJ. na KOpeJIOBb Ii n06tD.lJ. KOH'lHBllIallCSI BblCeJleHieM'b YJIb¢OBIl'lei1 B'b I1CJ1aH. 1924. IX BtKa.lJ. 2 113. H.lJ.lJ.I1BI1TeJlbHOBeJII1KI1 11 soxpyrs osep's nexar» 60JIbWie rrsca.Y nOTOMCTBOM'b KBeJlb. BeJII1 nOCTOSlHHYtO 60Pb6y Cb KOpeJlaMI1.PY3bSlMH. CJlY)Kl1J1b ysaxeale 116Jlaro.lJ.n.lJ.lJ.HSlrO 3rl1J1b.ll.p06HOe KpI1TI1'leCKOe 113. YCTPOI1Jlb 60JIbWOH MtHOBOH TOPfb .lJ. 304) Bi. TO MHorie CI1IlTaIOT'b ary cary npoasseneaiews caaoro CHOPPII.POPI1Kb lOT JlAHllCKIHI1 PIOPI1Kb HA"IAJlbHOH Jl1>TOnI1CI1 259 . aa sananf OH'b rpaml'lI1T'b MOpeM'b. Tax's KaK'b CHOPPII CTYPJlYCOH'b TaK)Ke )K"JI'b B'b Bopr-s (cs 1201 no 1206 r.PY)J(I1HHI1KaMH Toponsrpa. K'b cssepy OT'b Bci>X'b 3TIIX'b crpam. Hal1aJIaCb .lJ. <l>"HMapK'b SlBJISleTCS! 061l11lPHOH cTpaHOH.lJ.lJ. JIe)KHT'b <l>HHMapK'b ••• Oaepa <PIIHJISlH.). cara 06b 3rHJlt.apHOCTb KOPOJlSl. lJTO Bb 877 rony Toponsqn.'b.lJ." . "Egils Saga Skallagrimssonar". nO. p.il1y. HO K'b IO~Y Jle)KI1T'b Hopaeria .aHHoi1earn KaK'b JIIlTepaTYPHO-IlCTOpll'leCKarO naMSlTHHKa.I1Uilt TOPOJlb¢'b (fiorolfr) II <l>apaBI1. nOCJIi> 3KCne.bl).II. xorna 6blJla OKOH4aTeJlbHO CJlOMJleHa Fapansna. oTKY. Bb COt03t Cb .n. A I t nor dis C h e Sag a . a TaK)Ke .SlpMapKY Cb 0611TaTeJlSlMI1<l>HHMapKeHa. Kb HeMY npHWJlI1 norycropouaie KBeHbl OTb I1Xb KHSl3S1 <l>apaBH.lJ. a TaK)J(e Me.n.a Bpt3alOTcSI B'b Hero 60JIblllie aanasu (¢bOP. c06paHHYtO BepHYJICSI 06paTHO Bb I'anoronanm. 6blJlH KBeHbi HJll1 KaSlHbl.HHHTeJlbHbIXb Fapansna repoews Ilpexpacuoaonocaro.OM'bnOI1TII co BCtMI1 npOBI1HUiSlMI1K'b iory.It T"OPOJlb¢'b OrnpaBIIJlCSl 06paTHo K'b ceoi> B'b Sandness sepea» Vefsnir.lJ.p06HbIH O'lepK'b C06bITiH. Bb uarpany 11HaMtcTmlKa nonaref Fapansna Bb cssepuuxu Hopaerta.ll.hl (Faravid konungr af Kveniandi). sospyrt. masf XV-OH.lJ.C'b 3THM'b onncaaiews IIHTepeCHO cpaBHHTb CJlOBa Orapa Y AJlb¢pe.n. )J(I1Bwie no 06t "KaSIHCKaSi 3eMJISI" noxonaaa no Kaperilu 11 BO.06bllJY.xorna OHb 6blJlb na BOCTOlJHOH oxpaauf csoea 06JlaCTH.lJ.'b. cam T. 3TO H ecn.lJ.lJ.a . uacs SlBJTSleTCSI Ha4aJlt Bb 3TOTb ceMeH npeacraenrenews npa XalPPCb-lPiOP.lJ. -T. 11 TaMb npencrasum. r. 206) " ••• at konnungr skyldi hafa or hlutskipti ~riajung via Iiamenn ok urn framm at afnami bjorskinn QII ok safala ok askraka" (I bid e m.lJ.lJ.OJl)J(HOCTb 06JIaCTSlXb onnoa 113b 3HaTHttiWl1Xb ranaronauncxnxt.20a 6paTb orua Bb I1HTepeCYtOlUie 3nfJlSl TOPOJlblPb. KaKb pas's aTO T. C'b aasana uapCTBOBaHiSi I'apansna Flpexpaceoaonocero 11 .3aTi>M'b <l>IIHJIaH. finnur Jonsson.ll.i>TOpOJIb¢a B'b <l>IIHJlSlHAilO.204Ilneaena. cpaxancs ua ero CTOPOHt H CBoeH xpa6pocTbtO 3aBb nOJIYlJHJlb OHb .OJIraSi KpOBaBaS! MeCTb Me)K.nHOB'b H3'b DI1PKH na HOBrOpO. KOPOJlb KBeHJlaH.OMb ornpaeanncs C060JleH.aHie cara eM.lJ. . T.CKOH naransr.lJ.a BeJlI1KarO "0 60Jlblll11X'b npi>cHOBO. KOTOPblH Mbi ynoMHHaJlI1 npa uananeala . p.lJ.06bllJl1.aJlSl Jle)KHT'b SIMTaJlaH.P Y r 0 H nyrs. 113BJIe'1eHiSi 113'b earn (IlCJIaH. -3aTi>M'b Kapenis (KirjalaJand).lJ.repOS!MH earn S!BJlSlIOTCSI pencran BIlTeJlIl rpexs nOKOJli>HiH. 3HaTHo11 raJlOrOJIaH. 11. e. 46).lJ.'b..lJI1HSlBWiSiCSI TopOJIblPY H . Cara rOBOpl1Tb. y611Taro I'apansnosrs.lJ.n.-YJlbltJ'b (HO'IHOH BOJlK'b).eCSITbleronu TOPOJlblPb 6blJlb Bb anoxy 06be. Fa- 203) Cara onacusaers e06bITiSi B'b Hopserin H I1CJ1aH.lJ. HHKOBb 872 rony.'b (91). ua BOCTOKt HenOCpeD.aJlte K'b BOCTOKY.II.lJ.n.lJ.IITCSlII3Bi>cTHoe onacauie ea : "finnomQrk er storliga via (I bid e m.lJ.lJ.3aTtM'b reJIbCI1HraJIaH. rpers ecero.iHC'b 860 rona 11 no 982.lJ.iSl). e. OH'b C'b ctsepa " oKpy)KeH'b . MOpeM'b )Ke orpanasem. Onl1CblBaeMblX'b B'b car-s. npa aTOMb oua 06tlUaJlH Toponsrpy "u.II. T. Halle. 46). ero CblHOBbSiTOPOJlb¢'b " Csanna-rpaa» (rpI1M'b J1bICbIi1) 11 CbIH'b nOCJli>.CTBeHHOno.

.Il. 1908.M npannucra sera aa ropf 6blJIb na rpanok's 60JIbille ssuuerrpaaeaeaaoay CMOJIeHCKb ["BapSirH OTPblBKY H3b KOHCTaHTHHa Barpsaoponnaro. 61 mgardi". H.OMb TOMY. cuaa Haropesa. Jlaapearseacxas roeopar-s 1927.n.CTBY HOBrop0.6blJIb rOJIbMrap. OObSlCHSleTCSlH TO.U. BeJII1KiH KO MJIbMeHIO'.Il.OCTa no H n e x u!u.U. nom." Becroeprs AHaJII13Y BO- CTO'lHbIXb I1CTO'lHI1KOBb 0 BOCTO'lHOH Esporrs". Cara ee es. Kb 3TOMY BpeMeHH nYTH Bb npiHTH caaa H. 151). lItMb npHBJIeKaTb He' TOJIbKO 3aMopCKHXb cocsnetl.Y'IHMHMO CMOJIeHCKb. T. roprosun II.Il.b I1MaTb KHSI)I{eHblO BO BceH PYCbKOH 3eMJIt. 61>J1S1EB'b Ha 3THX'b nO. 246).35).206 KaKb Mbl BH. HOBroH3b MH6bl'JII1 113b HeMO- KOHCTaHTI1Hb Barpsnoponnua. nponycxs. see MHO)l{eCTBO BOJIO. 3a.a. Iltrsnpy. -rro H Bb COI03i> Cb CKaH.PYrHXb cnHCKOBb. H H.OMb) Ilapa H3b HOBrOpO. C Tap III e M Y C bl H Y Po CCi 11: OHbnpH3BaJIb JIHKOe Jl. CTp. )1(.'tnl.' ynoMSIHYTO.I1..b co CBOHMH Hop. CTO>1Tb: "M TaKO nJJaKaBlUl1CSI Ha.Y npenaaaaaseuo .I1MHpOMb BaCHJJbKOBH'IeMb raJIHUKHMb) 11 C Y P 0 bUt.Il. Bb HOBblH rpam. .aTCKHXbBHKI1HroBb He MeHi>e 3aMaHlIHSYIO. erne Bb .ll.Il.xoroparo P0.U.U. - CM. I. ropu KieBCKiSl) H yap Ihrsnpy (11 I1. TaK)I{e 6blJJO Be'. H Kb J1a. Pertz.KaKb 3aM't'laeTb . ng a Sag '1aCTO Ha3bIBalOTb r 0J1 M ra PJl. -rro no COci>. no PYCH".eHiSi Jl sronacaaro Ilapascs.I1.tCb '1eCTb HOBrOpO.U. M3CJI't. rJl.06HO TOprOBJ1S1 Cb )I{ eM b nana I1MSICYPO)l{CKHMb KynuaMb 11CY p o B C K 11 b M rosapaws (BaCI1JIbeBCKiH.a H (Iloromnrs. bi. 862 rO. csoe Feneoaom. yspbcra CKa3aHiSi ropcna) Jl. austr iH )1(.n. nOH.U.3a Mope'" a "wse.PY)KHJIHCb Hop.b HHMb" (BJJaJl.. 3.U.YMaJlb BepHYTbCSI Kb ce6i> ua pO.Il. M. Bapau b ("npoI1Cxo)l{.n. a.I1JII1 KO JI'tTOnI1CI1 y TaTI1LUeBa.b Ha3bIBaeTCSI cTomiueH.0 BpeMeHb KHYTa Jlasapna. <peBp.BHHCKiHnyrs. na KOTOPblXb POCCbI npI1XO. 11 3THMb.Il. Bb Cart 1. 0 caoureuiaxs II.Hte' 11. 11 ctBepHblSi 135). 104: roro "B03.Y. I.tCb HOBrOpO. Bb Hosroponf Piopuka naausaer's TaK)I{e OJIen My)I(H BCTptTHJIHCb Cb . KaKb ynOMI1HaeTCSI nOJl.O)KCKHMb 03epOMb Hero 206) TO Bbl6paJIb H <t>HHCKHMb3aJIHBOMb. 11 PYCb". lIY.OCTa (113b HOBa-' rpamBeJII1Kb HOB(MaJIb) . CTapOCTb JIi>Tb OHb He . TSiroTtJIH Hosropony H TOprOBaJIH Cb PYCblO..b.U. nyrewt."· . - Ilapiorpaay. H3Jl. Scriptorum.Il.Il.MaHaMI1 xorna Oners. npH6aBHBb "pa3HO'lTeHiSl" 113b "M nOH.U.Il.U.HHaBaMH. H HOBrOpO.HMb. Bb IoaKI1MoBcKOH onacusaa "113b BapSirb "CY.OJl)KeHb 6blJIb Bb HOBropO. 'ITO CBI1Jl. Bb Jlfsronncs (i bid e m. . CO rasrs. 6blTb Kapeniro xro.Il. 3.ilO CBi>Tb na npOHCXO. Hoeropom. J1tTOnI1CI1..ueBb Bb HHTepeCHO OCTaHOBHTbCSInOTOMY. T P Y n bl. TaKb H Jl.HJIHua KOpeJIOBb. CTp. CTp. CTp.. Kb sropuxt.U. C Y P 0Il.Il. sees H weps ona.Y'le MHMO.U. I.U. Ha OCTPOB't.I1.b ACKOJIb.Il.Il. "nepBOHCTO'lHI1Ka".a).U. "MCTopiSi POCCiH". Russ - OTHOCI1MarO 11Mb KO BpeMeHH OCHOBaHiSi PYCCKaro rOCYJl.Il.I1. BnJIOTb Jl. H.. +: 0 rrepeceneaiu Bb I'pexn" "OTb CTa- paro pom. 109].OMb I'eneoeoes I. M.pOOHOCTSlXb 3KCne'u'Hui~ raJIOrOJIaH.Il.II. nom. n." YXO.OKPY)I{eHHOMb var konungr (ibidem.mKCKOMY osepy. ".bMI1.a.HBWiSi PIOPHKOBO BpeMSI.YIOLUiH B03CTaHOBJIeHHblH TeKCTb: nom.HMb 3.OJI)KeHb xopouro 3THMb HO H ranoronaunuea's.OOblllY. MO)KeTb. : "M H3J1araSi (nom. 493. HeM o r a p n 0 J\\b: (HOBrOpO.'tTeJTbOTHOCI1TCSIKb HOBrOpOJl. rosopa Knytli 0 Poccia. H Y c't caraxs.U.U. Mbl BH. Anskarii. T p Y. 1889.apCTBa.ll. «.HHY. 11 I1MSI HOB r 0 p 0 n e u b CTaJIO Hapl1uaTeJ1bHblMb .MaHaMH H BMtCTt XO. " noH MHOrOJIIOJl. MaH. T.'tCb ynoMHHalOTCSI H Kiess.tCb noors M 11 0 M 0' aasant. 2.Y Holmgard'y.b Jl.U.U.. nyrs p. )I{ 1289 r.U. HOBrOpOJl.II. 852 . 'ITO H CMOJIeHCKb Kiesa. 494.n. 11 He S!BHCTacSi Kb CMOJIeHCKY. T.tno. ua ropf rpanoics ••.Il..I1.11 )l{eHbl. 3. I<aSlHbl . npennaraer s CJ1't. rapnsi CTOJIHUbl pocciacsaro KHSl3S1 Cdieaaocexana. 3aM't'laHiSi J1tTonHcb. II0 6 p 0 M b. npyris H Y uact.'t rOBOpI1TCSI: "A HOBrOp0Jl.U.CKm". KHSl3S1.Il.OBaHiSl.Il..aBHOY>Ke HaJIa)KeHHbIMH ToprOBblMI1 CBSl3S1MH PYCblO Cb "Vita St.. TaK)I{e nanp. MY)l{H.U.06HO ropom-. HtKOTOPblSl CPHHCKiSinneaeua BOeBaJIH Cb HHMH: Cb nepBbIXb OHH OpaJIH naus. DI1PKI1 Cb HOBrOpOJl.a.i>JIHasnue. 778).260 H. HO YKa3blBaeTCSI. EHpKa.U.U. 0 Mar 03epOMb". pasasnaeuraxt. Y COJIOBbeBa. i eH ("Haraldr CM.tCb ("Kb Feneonoae Be- CCbIJla~TCSI aa J1aBpeHTbeBcKYIO JII1KblH cTap'tHIlII1HbCTBO CTBO apaocxaro o "PYCH .YMaeTb.) Jl. III. sane 11 MHOrb J11OJl.OJIro COXpaHSlJIb aa PYCH csoe nepBeHCTBYIOLUee rronoxenie rOpOJl.I1.Il. Ant. 3.HMepneBb.U.: H . J1a.104.Il.b. HtMbUH. C'II1TaJICSI crapuruws PYCI1.U.JlSlToprOBua noaropoa- Bb MnaTbeBCKOH J1'tTOnI1CI1.JlSl PaJIHCb na HJIbMeHCKHXb CJIaBSlHb.OMb Cb OHi> npOJIHBalOTb 6blJIH COOblTiSiBb Kapeniio H <t>HHJISlH.UH ••• " Bapairs. JIHHHCKH (CJ\\OJIeHCKa) 11. TaKb CKHMI1 TOBapal\\I1. npencraanam. 177).OOblllY.

rorna Mbl BI1.repo'b Illepeaeresuxu CXO.Ha CXO.a aaausaeaaro VlBaHOBH'1eM'b) KOOblJlbl eenyr» CBOn PO. "thet pund is siugun skillinga cona". 11 oxpnrrs.uPY)I(l1HaMI1 Onera nJIeMeHI1 KHSI)I(aTb PeWCKI1Xb" n OCJlt.peBHtHwHMH 3aKOHaMII oopaTHJl'b BHHMaHie Wiarda B'b cBoeH as tfriesische Oeschich t e.: "fiuwer skillinga con a".aJlbHI1Xb npl1HSIJJHysacrie 11 CPPI13bl-PYCb.lI.lHHrCKI1X'b MOHerax'b XV cronfsria .Mb MY)I(ei1 xpa6pblXb HMnepCKI1Xb).eHiSl HOBrOpO. ua KOTOPOH suero 4YBCTByeTcSl lJTO116JlI1>K..t 11xepea's TO csoe.ll.lI. S. CHOweHiH.lI.ll. CJlI1BaSICb 11neperinerascs. no CJlOBaMb 06pa30Mb. "BbIWJlI1 OTb HtMeUb .Il.b MHorie 113b HaWI1Xb coctlleti Bb nOCTpoHKt PYCCKaro I'ocynapcrsa: raJIOrOJIaHllCKie PIOPI1KOMb BO rnasfs. 11.lI. 3JleMe1iTbl. T. I1TaKb. ibide m.lI.CTBO yxaasrsaer» He TOJlbKO sa 113BtCTHYlO OOW.lI.aHI. 'ITO BnOJlHt HanOMHHaeT'b HaWH "rpHBHbI KYH'b".Il.e Mill Hay K 'b.lI. HOC T b 0 bl T a It YCJlOBiii lK113HI1.lI. 289-292) cyuiecrsoaaaie B'b PYCTpI1HreHCKI1X'b3aKOHaX'b csera aa KYH si. 1865.bI C'b HopMaMH CKaH.HH'b 113'b 6milKaHWHX'b pO..tTeJleH poet. Falk.lI. l1 YlJpe)l(.eOHOBbIM'b B'b 3 an. H.Il. 22. Cb Cb O.HbIXb . Illepeaeressr. no cart Hosropom. xoropue TaKI1Mb 06pa30Mb.lI. 11 6JIarOpO.blWI1 cpeO.'b POMaHOBbl. nYTeM'b OlKI1BJleHHbIX'b roprossrxt.ll. Bct BepHOH TOprOBJlI1.OB'b.JlSl Bcei1 csI1MtJll1 11 . aDO) Ha CXO. 3aKOHaXb 11noroaopaxs pO. BeJlI1KarO. CTaHOBI1JlCSIueurpowt.II. VI.eHiSlXb.Il.Il.Taxoe CXO.Il.a panneti ua n04Bt 06Wl1PHOti 11 UBtTYll1.Hnrepecno OTMtrHTb. BHI1MaHie ua CXO.II.IIHaBCKaro 11narcxaro npaaa otipauiarrs BHHMaHie euie Illneuep's: 3BepC'b oopauram.HOH CTOPOHbl 3ap0.lI.CTBO Leg e sAn g lor u met V e r in 0 rum C'bPYCCKHMH .ll.bI Il II !lJpaHKCKHX'b 3aKOHOB'b.lI. pp.YHrOMb uopnaauu 207) "CKa3aHie" KH.ll. rJlar0J1IOT'b eMY OblTII C'b PO. KaKb MtCTHOH. H Illseuiea. lia411HaSl Cb CPPI130Bb-PYCl1j 11 npe.ll.11.tJJbHble HaBblKl1 HOp. 1927. roP. lJTO Bb Y4pe>K. Onsrosu PYKOH HOBrOpO.ll. A K a..CrBO reptia HOBrOpO. 4pe3Bbl'laHHO ItHTepeCHbIM'b !lJaKTOM'b SJBJlSleTCSI oTMt'leHHOe uenaaao npod» Ba..lI.a BeJIHKarO cs repoaMII KHSJlKeCKHX'b PYCTpIIHreHCKHX'b !lJaMHJliH.lI.lI. TaKb 11 TpaH3HTHoi1.OJl)KeHb 6blJlb se3TH CBOI1 Mtxa Kapenia sepesi. Bbl.CKIHI1 PIOPI1Kb HA4AnbHOH WllTOnl1CI1 261 nyur3rHJlt.II.20S TaKl1Mb OTHoweHiH I1MnepiH CKHXb BJla. KOJlbl'leBbIX'b. 11 HeMYllpeHO. 208) KYPOCKiH nepesacnaer's Mop 0 3 0 B bl X 'b ("SllKe euie BblWJlI1 OT'b HtMeu'b BKynt C'b PIOPI1KOM'b"). 50. 11.CTBOnOCTaHOBJIeHiii PYCCKoH npaB. K'b !lJpH3aM'b It ocooeaao nonro Y. "MY)l(l1" roproaus CBSI3H Cb DHPKoti.B03BtCTHI1KOBb weCTBeliHI1KOBb Fanaa. .lI. Lll epe a e r ea sr x s ("ot.lI. p. 113b nom. ecero 16 PO. xro nacrops rOJlbMaH'b. BOPOHUOBbIX'b ("nJleMeHI1 KHSllKaT'b PeWCKI1X'b"). Cb HaJlO)l(l1JlI1 CBOIO nesars npenH PIO(T. .lI.lI.peSi (HHOr.lI.209 HOBrOpO.tmf y CI1JlOIO seuieti ranoronanauem.Y KHSI)KaT'b PeWCKI1X'b"). H300pa)KeHHbIM'b aa . OT'b HtMeUKiSl 3eMJlII ssrsxam.ei1 TOprOBJlI1.HI1Mb. KOHCTaHTl1HOnOJleMb sa ncropho pmca.II. co CKioJlb. B'b CBOeM'b P y CT P II Hr e Ht (crp. 54.lI.lI.aHbl. We p e ~ 'b MeTe B bl X 'b") .CTI10 p a B. rOCnO. nepeurem. TaKlKe BblHOCKII N2N2 9S 1197 0 6 It P K a x 'b It OepKoBut. Oslo. Bb HOBrOpO.S1TCSI re. TaKI1M'b OOpa30M'b HOBrOpO.b nepexacnemnse a BCKOpt.HOe 11 HopMaHY.Il.lI.POPI1Kb IOTnAH. 42) yxasusaer-s na CXO.CTBeHHHKOB'b nocnsnaaro HOCHJl'b HMSI P Y CCHH r e Ha (6apcYKOB'b.OMb. 11 nanaxenuu» Ml1KJll1rap. KaKb TOPOJlbCPb euie .Il.HOCTb npoacxoxneais It aa O)KI1BJleHHbISiroproaus CHoweHiSJ. HO 11 na 0 6w. Bb CBOIO osepens.lI.aJIbHblXb Kapna npyrof ace 3TO lJl1CTOY.Il. VI M n.CTeHHOM'b (B'b crarvs "Ett vittnesbord om gamrnal Frisisk Forbindelse med Ryssland".OCTb aaurea BOTb .ll.a BeJlI1KarO. npHHeCJlH Tt CBSl311 HaBblKI1 no TOprOSJlt 11 06b tn1HOH Cb cpI1HHaMI1. e.Ta OCHOBa. Kypocxaro 20. .Il. l1 KOHlJaSi . aanp. .Il.MaH- 113b raJIOrOJIaH. S.Il. HHXb.lI. 11 0611TaTeJJIO PYCTpHHreHa.•• KHSI)I(aTb ce. 0 '1eM'b Y HoJlmanna'a.UY.00 npapoaarens HX'b. eMY )Ke I1MSIMl1xal1J1'b.•.O.CKiH C'IeT'b aa KYHbl.eplKaJlCSIB'b PYCTpl1HreHt (I bid em. OT'b cuaa sroro MHXaliJIa AH.ll.eplKKH npHBO.ll. CTp. v. sees <l>HHMapKeHb Bb I'anoronatun.lI.eH'bC'b repOOM'b.lI.Il. KYPOCKaro. 292). "p 0.I1Hb BeJll1KHi HOBrOp0.. 11 rOTJlaH.lI. CBel1 l1CTopil1. festskrift til Hj.b. I. 'ITO onsrs non '1epKIIBaeT'b CBSl3b Pycrpaareaa 11PYCI1 (CM.lI.

a BOJIo.oBH'IeH. 1128 ronows. SI.OJl)KHa 6blTb nepeueceaa Cb 866 rona aa 860 (CM.2l1l sceio "IoaKHM'b" JltTonHCeu'b rOBOpHT'b KpaTKO: "H npHSI BJlaCTb PIOPHK'b. Ibidem.HYIOPOJlb. B. BO~Hbl. a nepssaa HaCeJlbHHUH Hoasropoa's CJlOBtHe. nanp. 1903. 284). CTp.llaJlH ero.n. KHpHJlJla KaKb peJIHri03Ho-3nH'Iecxoe npoaaseneaie H KaKb HCT0pH'IeCKiHHCTO'lHHKb". B03MO)KHO. H.HMepycyuuo Hoasroponf . BblHOCKH N2N2 100 H 122).Il.n. 'ITO 6blJla OTJlY'leHa OTb uepxsa. ero YMHO)l(eHieM'b xopeuaue HJlbMeHCKie HaCeJlbHHKH. nOCJIt CJlOBb "n 0 Slwan 0 Ce 6 t BClOP Y Cb. CTOHTb: "K CJlOBeHOM 0 nepsoe H cpytiaura ropom.llHTbCSI MbI rOBOpHJlH "H31. 3TO noxon's Acsonsna ua KieB'b. H. 61>JJSlEBb Onera. CTp.H9H.Il. nom. Bb caraxs He3aBHCHMblH BepxoBHblH npasurens scerna naaueaercs KOHYHroMb.n.n. 19).. HMSlwe BJlaCTb CBOIO B Ilonorscst. nO. 11.YHHOMb <1>JlaH. To )Ke nOBTopSleTCSl nom.tTeJlbcTBY10aKHMoBcKoHJ1tTOflHCH0 nepeceneaia Bb 4-e JltTO H3b "cTaparo Bb HOBblH rpam.eecrs. 863 r.n. uaponuoe . 195].Il. SlKO cxasaure Bt. aTo H npyris CBt. " (Ibidem. 35-50).llOCTOSlHie. Hincm. ecc1. He HMtSl HH C'b KtM'b B'b HOBbl~ rpam. "nepbBHH HaCeJlbHHUH B'b Hoasropontr' 211"CiIoBtHe". rpanows HtCKOJlbKO uuase: "PIOPHK'b ••• otinana 0 pacnpasf seaneto. J1aMaHcKHMbBb Tpy.. 6eJlbriHcKHMb Y'IeHblMb KIOMOH'OMb.Heb y6taa IKHTb Kb Moryw.KYIOJlHHilO. to. Bs sereeproe JltTO KHSI)I(eHiSlero nepecenacs OT'b craparo BeJlHKi~ KO MJlbMeHIO. Jlanory H ct.74.n. 35).Il. Bb 60Jlte npocrpaaaoa penaxuia : . npHBO. 19.cooapanacs 6t)KaTb Cb a BaJJ.n.n. no.n.n.n. 51). Rem.aBHOnpaHSlTaroxpHCTiaHCTBa [CM. KOT0PYlO Mbl C'IHTaeMb 11 Hr JI HHr a a H. .cKii\. 26. KaKb YKa3aHo Y BH3aHTiHcKaro xponorpadia XI BtKa. H T. "l1cTOpiSl PYCCKOHUepKBH". Kb H npHHSlTieHMb xpacriaacrsa. Bb Pa. Onacueas KHSI)I(eHie PIOPHKOBO H HallaJIbHbl~ Jlfsronacem. 'ITO nara noxona . T. CTaBSIero B'b CBSl3b C'b aaeepureutews BeJlHKarO sonaaro nYTH OBOMY Bapars B'b I'peka".eHiHo' n CJIt. ecrs ynowuaaaie 06b oopauieaia fHHKMapa Kb PIOPHKY Cb npocb60H He nasars y ce6Sl y6tIKHw. 74).n. M.: "ot 60 PorsSOJlO. Cb . H HMeHHOua 18 hona 860 rona.. MocKBa. Toro IKe MHtHiSl 0 nars noxona . nann auure.yw.t: .n. CBSl3aHbl CBt. 'ITO H spaxna Me)K. 0 HCTOP i H 10aKHMa HOBO r o p o n Cx a roE n HCKO n a. 3TO uam.. Hist.".n..ep)KHTCSl fOJly6HHcKiH (CM.210 BCt CblrpaJlH TY HJlH .tHiSl 0 nepsows xpeuieaiu pyCCOBb(Ibidem. '1T0 to. ••. I.3HBHJlJlOBCKOMb cnHcKt..pyroH CTOPOHbl. H pa3.tCb '1YBcTByeTcSlxenauie Bbl.HHUH BapSl3H. Onadn. -"H no TtMb roponows CYTb Haxo.HfH - POrBOJlO.n.Il. CTp. H CTp.b980 r. 1901.llPO pyccxaro nJleMeHH H Pyccxaro Focynapcrsa.II. y 213) J1tTonHCb no J1aBpeHTieBCKOMY CnHcKY. HO C03. Cb 3THMb noxonosn. cTp. . 210) J1i>TonHCb no Jl a ap e n r ieSCKOMY CnHcKY.Il.n. 20. CTp.HMOMY CBH.eCTseHHOMYYIKe rorna PIOPHKY.n.pcKHMb.1I. naure BCt TaK'b HJlH HHalie 060raTHJI.2t2 0 lIeM'b B03MO)l(HOCTb H .n.". npOCHTb PlOpHKa.OBblanrniacaaro KOPOJlSl TeJlbBYJlb<lla. 194.H fHHKMapb.llHO 60JlbWOe coourie. npyroxy TY )l(e MblCJlb aupa- xaeri. 1768.JlaTHHCKiH TeKCTb cars nepenaer-s 3TO CJI0BO.TIOTeCK'b. pp. Ibidem. CKOTKOHyHrb illse.B03BblCHTb nOJlOlJ. "nuper ad fidem Christi conversum".a. n. BeJlHKiH.l1HrJlHHrOBb (220).n.peBHtHwHXb BpeMeHb H T• . aTo MtCTO COoTBtTcTByeTb Blk wenpHBO. 3ToMY)Ke BpeMeHH0THOCHTCSl xpeuieuie PlOpHKa H OKOH'IaTeJlbH0t.3. Kapm.". H n p H.HTCSlVogel's I bide m.Il. 0 BHYTpeHHeM'b YCTPO~CTBt 3eMJlH HallaJlbHbl~ EtJl003epo". npHJlt)l(a KHSl3HOT'b 3eMJlH H npasocynia nocaxa no BCtM'b Bapars H CJlOBtH'b. 51pocJlasb Pyccxif HJlHOnadrs CBSlTOi\HOpBe)KCKiH .". Ibidem. Taxu KaKb no PYCCKHK 0 H Y H r b npeaparanocs Bb K H Sl3 b.".llPyrHM'b nOTPY.flodoard.n. W a". rOnaes. 211) J1tTonHCb no J1aBpeHTieBCKOMY CnHcKY.0 CHXb xe BCeCJlaSH'IaXb CHlJ.e B J1a. CaM'b )l(e npOHMeHOBaxcSI KHSl3b BeJlHKiW' 214.II. Sb nHcbMt.262 H.III.tHiSl nonporiao paaotipaau B.03t" (Ibidem.. )1\.y51poCJIaBH'IaMHHBCeCJIaSH'IaMH HMtJla H3BtCTHYlO nO'lBY Bb npOHCXO)K." B.1OnOJlOTbCKYIO 3eMJlIO. llOHb H lleKa6pb.b nplurem. H60 Bb Ann. 29-40 (CTp. Rem. rnasa IV. H nfsronncs 10aKHMa oTMtllalOT'b JlHWb O. onacancs." B 212) Mbl Y)Ke OTMtTHJlH suure.llOB.OBOMY POCTOB'b." 214) "l1cTopiSl Poccincsas Cb caMblXb .n.H MHrJl.rex (KOPOJlb).a nosepa Kapna Jlucaro. nOKpOBHTeJlbCTBOMb OTJlY'IeHHbIMbHe aanaraars csoero He. Tarauieaa.llOCTOSlHie. CTp.tJlHTb. uanaaaaro Bb 1894 r. CTp. H3b saaopsa. nonouxie . MOCKBa.n. H3b CeHJlHCa.llaSl·MY)I(eM'b CBOHM'b rpanu.HHXbno )KeHCKOH JlHHiH OTb POrBOJlo.n..)I\HTie CB.iH npexe : SlKO Porsonony nepxauuo H ananfnouuo H KHSl)Kaw." (CTp.

OHa ei1 o6i>maHHbli1 rpam.lI. Bb CBOIO oxepens. nOSlBJlSlSlCb BO BHOBb aaaoeeau: TO TaK)J(e nocrynana "HopMaHbl".. paanaaars ropona OOClIt rrepecenenis Bb Hosropom.4TO Onl1CblBaeMblSl Y .ll.Il. (862-6).yeTb OTb orua OTMtTHTb. OTb 3pl1Ka IO)I(HYIO tOTJTaH. 3Ha4eHie OTHOWeHiSl Bb orsnsarori. aKb ynoMS1HYTO K esuue Kapna ua PYCb.b npeKpaCHOBOJlOCbIM. rom. 862 (856) rona PIOPHKb nOSlBJISleTCSl BpeMS!OTb BpeMeHH Bb <t>pl1cJlaH. paanaers ropona CBOI1Mb MY)I(aMb-JTeHHHKaMb 11 no oruouteniio Kb HHMb CTaHOBI1TCSl Bb TO )l(e nonoxenie.: CBt. e.Y BJlaJ1. 856 rom. POpl1Ka H Piopasa. KaKb Mbl BH. H Bb rall.Mbl Y)Ke YKa3blBaJIH suure.lleHiM.lI.H.TBep)J(.tJleHHblXb YCJlOBiS1Xb (82). KOTOPblSl CymecTBOBaJlH raxt.b-E4>aH. OTb PO.lI.lleHiS1Bb YlI.i rpettecKOMY"ApXMKpa3TOrO Mi>cTa Y "IOaKI1Ma" aaxmosaercs TOttHOCTM Bb TOMb. xpeuieais Piopaka. KaKb Ha'lalIO JleHHblXb OTHOl. scrp'ssaaocs y CKioJlb. reneps 215 OHb. Ilonysaercs. cuaa nosep« . KaKb na nO. xoropoe pairse 3Pl1Kb 3aHI1MaJlb no oruoureuno Kb HeMy. AHaJlOrH'IHbISl Cb I1MnepCKHMHcyinecrsosana nony-oeonansuas OTH Me)K. cno. XPOHHKI1He 3HalOTb euie CJlOBa f e 0 dum. Bunearaa rHnOTe3Y 0 TO)J(.lI. Bpe- 109).llCKHMH". Mbl BHlI.eOH. HO npHMtHSIIOTb KaKb TepMHHb ben ernarons J1.eHb OObS1CHS1Tb OOCJItll.ilO. . W) Bb IoaKHMoBcKOH JltTonHCH CTOI1Tb: "HMtJlb PIOPHKb HtCKOJJbKO)KeHo.lI. 3TI1Mb AJT(PBI1H.tJlbHOit PYCH".na sa KOHCTaHTI1HOnOJlb(CM. HO nase BCtXb JIlo6J1Sl111e E(\jaH. Ckicnsnynroet.alIbHblSlOTHOl. TaKb KaKb Bb onacasaeaoe BpeMS1.Y 33MHHrOBb 'lac TO He BCTpt'lalOmeeCSl MHHaeTb: "npacTtHb AKYHb. naBJIOBb-CHlIbBaHcKiM Bb 113CJItll.lleHiMco CBOI1MI1 npe)J(HflMH anaOTTYll.HOmoeonuruoe rOBOpSi 0 )l(eHi> ero E4>aHJli>.CKHX'b.lI."KHS1)J(aTaMH" el. Bl1l1. nonysaea» 860 ron's. npanecennux» (216)..1>nHssuue. P BeJIHKarO H H3b lOTlIaHlI.lI. 34).O'lepb I<HSl3S! YpMaHCKaro" (T a T HlU e a-s.i>Hie.n. BMtCTt Cb TtMb.lI. 'lTO PIOPHKb aasam. CTp.".OKOJlO 870 rona. H OHb caMb nOJlY'lalIH <t>PH3ilO ua onpell. T.aJlbHblXb OTHOllJeHiH Bb HMnepia Kapna Benaxaro MorJlH 6blTb aaneceau PIOPHKOMb Hero MY)J(aMH.CTBY. yno- POHY. 1901. Bb 854 rony PIOPHKb .lI.H cana I1HropSl.lI. BI1JIbreJlbMb H KaHYTb. Y)J(e 3aKaH- 'll1BaJIb OObeJ1.ITO "OTb CKOHiH naTCKOM MOpeXO. - BJla.n.OrOM - MeHCKaro nOSlCHSIeTb.HO He paC'IHTblBaJlHHI1aa 'ITO OOJlblllee.a ra PO. JIaBpeHTbeBCKaSlJItTonHCb Bb '1HCJIt nOCJIOBb Hrops r nOCOJIb AKYHa (Taxoua).<t>eOll. 'ITO 11OTeUb. e. cs Oll.tHiS1<t>pI13iei1Ii no HaCJltJ1. HOH AHrJlil1.iH flpl1HHMaS13a rOll.lI. BblHOCKY122).aa aHaJTOfl1tj-' HblXb YCJTOBiSlXbnonysam. 'ITO Bb P0ll.lI. a Cb npyroa. p )K a T s : rax» ronops 0 <t>PH3iH.a nOJlO)l(HJTa 11BepXOBHblM npaBI1TeJIb CKOPO CTaJIb I1MeHOBaTbCS1 BeJIl1KI1Mb KHSl3eMb.eCTBt Sl TaK)Ke HMtJlb BBHlI.POPJIIKb IOTJ1AHJl.lleHiMMopeMb no HaJla)J(eHHbiMbroprossrws H 6HPKOM H lOTJIaH.a OHb Morb secsaa 6blCTPO nO::nOMY SI He BI1)J(YnpOTHBO- lI.lI. ecrs. CJltll. 216) Harepecao npOCJItll. 33MI1HrH B3SlJlHero CTOI1MSl a K 0 Ha.a 0Tb ' BHPKH Bb P Y CCi 10 cosepuiaxrrs OHH nyrs 'lepe3b Mope TaK)J(e Bb 5 J1.y.b npaasanis KHSl3eM.nepsaro xpeuieais PYCH H. uananeais Acxom. T'BMb. 'lTO PIOPHKb npHHSlJICS1 YCTPOi1CTBO sa 3eMJlI1 nOCJIt OTKPbITiS1BeJlHKarO Bonuaro Toproaaro flYTH.ll. BtpoS1THaro.iH.OBaHiH . H .n.OCTOHHCTB'BlP JI0 Bb.ll. TO y ce6Sl ua MaTepl1Kt. H 6paTb fie i u m.B's 3TOM 3am1CI1BtPOSITHO 'lYBCTBYIOTCSI TO PIOPI1KOMb 113b I1Mnepil1 3BYKH OTHOl.CaMIIHrOB'b (HJJH 33MHHroBb) raJJ0rOJlaHJ1.Il. . H cnrras.lleHiH na PYCH. YKa3aHie Ha K HS!3SI YpMaH- cxaro (uopaancxaro) BtpOSlTHte scero HMteTb BB!!lI.y.i>JlH ssnue.ieit TaKb CXOJJiaCTbAnaaa OYTSlMbMe)K.tHiSlMH SlBJlSleTCSI 'lTO PIOPI1Kb caasana nOCeJlSleTCSI TO. OpacTtH'b. nOMtcTbSlXb) sanaaaua 6eHe(\jHuiH.lI. T.O 611PKH 5 . HtKOTOPblMb HaMeKOMb aa xenaaie He npepusars Bb CHOl. CTp. TO asrop s JItTomlCH HY)J(lI.eHie HXb Bb lI.y3Pl1KOMb H PIOPI1KOMb. 860 rom.f.lI.n. Becrtponsnceie J1HrJlHHrH MaJlOBtpoRTHbl.YHrOBb.JIb Bb CJlY)J(HHXb 3eMJlSlXb (n03l1. e.ee nonro onacusana KaKb 3eMJlH e "quos Roricus t e:n u era t" (233). KHSl3eM.Hei1"(6YTKOBb.216 10aKI1MOBCKaSlJTi>TOnI1CbCOXpaHI1Jla 0 PIOPI1Ki> euie O.alIte Bb TOMb. (212). npnoaansers: "er.HeM.HTb HaCKOJlbKO"HaBblKH" CJIaralOmHXCSl(\jeOll. rom.tTeJIbHblH pom. TaKb H aoureeia Piopaxa.Il. I.y HOBrOpO. S T. 'ITO PIOPHKb HaCTaHBalIb na n p a B t H opaTbeBb.lI.I1HeHie BceM Hopseria H 6blJlb np!!3HaHHblMb K 0 P 0 JIe M b.YJlerKOCTb CHOl. KaKb COOTBi>TcTBYlOmjj.aTCKMXb ropt.HiM THTYJlb H3b rpesecxaro 'lTOObl OTJIH'll1Tb Piopaxa 215) KaKb A P x 11 a r 0 p b I1JIH B a C11 B Cb. 'ITO nOCJIt H npyrie Jlaaors: Ilopecraas.XOTSl scero H 20 JI. Bb ornpaearsca pt'liSi H Bb BHPKY.HOM CTOpOHbl.Ubl nlIblBYTb lI. HeTI1 Hropess".ll. nane npn- Cb l1)1(opoH Bb BtHO"21i. Kp JIe OTb "BaCCaJIbHblXb" KHSl3eM. ibidem. rapaJlb.CKIH H PIOPHKb HA~AJ1bHOH J11>TOnHCH 263 M nan'se 06bSlCHSleTb 3TOTb HfTYJlb.OMb H JIaJ1.

II. MaTOBb C Bo n a CTp.HOBpeMeHHO H KJIIO'IHHuei1. CTp. ronows ("Bb 11 npuseaoura "Er. O)l(eHH ero (CTp. CbIHb PtOPHKOBb scero.264 uasano ceoero H. sra "Die HMS! Onra" 35). I1MSInJleMSlHHI1Ka Hrops Faxoua MO)l(eTb CJIY)I(l1Tb KOCBeHHblMb 11Onera 113b pona 33MI1HroBb. 980 r.ll.HMePY" (T a M b )I( e. Onera sa Hero )l(eHY OTb 11360pcKa BaeTCS!. CBSl3b H nO.Y.YHrH. H.ll.II. MOrJla..HHOKpOBHaSl I1HrHrep. r.II. TaK)Ke KaKb H . CJlt. 1128 (210). HaWH lJT06bI Jlanora co aces I1)KOPCKOH 3eMJIeH 6bIJIa OT. Y)Ke npHHa.pH'ICKarO (seancxaro) KHSl3Sl..H.II.laxaaroaatf> 0 3 bl C K a H i SI. (CM. Illaxaarom.ll.eHie. C'IHTaJlaCb )l(eHoi1 .OBaHiSlMH Baprepa Hepaana.a BO csoe US) Bb Jlaepenrseacxoa 11 Y JltTOnl1CI1 nom.II.ll.219 Kb P0. dort pariorf (186) : "Die funden durch nom.ll.HTb pSl. HHa'le MaJl<PPH.II.ll.II.ll.OKa3aTeJlbCTBOMb TaKHMb 06pa30Mb. no Bceti BtPOSlTHOCTH.Y I1HrJIHHrOBb. Hero npeKpaCHOBOJIOCaro 220 Man. a MaTb nacasuraro nfsronncsuxt.Ba)l(.ll.Tsepcxoa JltTonHcH Ponrsnf 11 es . . Onsry.II.H'Ib.HTeJlbHblxb IKeHa. 51pocJIaBa. 'ITO MaJlbept. I1MeHeMb KI1 MOBC KO i1 JltTonHcH: 11 aapese Haropi. OTeUb )l(e 6t HMa MbCTHwa yi1 BOJlO. npnnecennoe es pona (33MI1HroBb).ll. HO 113b npyroro pona He)l(eJlI1 CKiOJlb. Bnannaipa.b es CBtHeJIb. I1cxo)l(.II.aHHbIXb.BOtOP0. JltTO 6411") CTOHTb: "l1ropeBH-)I(e B03MY)I(a. MaJlbept.II.".b 3eMHHrOBb. 51pocJIaBb. Ng Bnanaaipa 229).II. I1MSI .II.ll.aHa POrHBaJIb. Man.6t n06pblHSI r 0 p o n CKa r 0 1050 r o n a: "ot Bononnaept.HO JlHUO H. uarensaoe MbCTHweH.a Tpa. HOp.II. POrHt. 3Ta aanacs crpaxaers npoacxoxaeaia OJlbrl1. aa l1360pcKb KOTOPbli1. Cb n pyroa Hrops y Onsr» O. TO 'ITO Bb MnaTbeBCKOMb T.ll.HOMY 6paTY .a.a-POr- BOJIO. 3TOTb BHYKb PIOPHKOBb HOCHTb HMS! fa K 0 H a. TaKHMb 06e3nelJHTb JIHHrOBb.a. HeH3BtcTHbie Miskin.II.II.ll. Il. MHtHie WaXMaTOBa HMSI.613).Y PIOPI1KOBH'IeH y O.ll. 376) KHSI)I(eCKarO CVHO. BecbMa BtPOS!THO. (TaMb CTp. MOrJla cecrpa 220) CTOPOHbl. cnHcKt H Bb JltTonHcut 0 Bapaus (C 0 6 p a Hie T p Y a 0 B b. OJlb3HHbi . Bb . KaKb MbI BH. 2 pa3a.ll. TaMb )l(e yxaaana npenanie YKa3aHie 0 KHSI)I(eCKOMb 10aKHMoBcKoi1 ea H yxaaaaie JltTonHCI1 I1HTepeCHO conOCTaBI1Tb Cb nOCJIt. Bb BbIWeUI1THpOBaHHoi1 apXeOJlOrH'IeCKHXb CUden beherscht zu zeigen. von Izborsk umliegenden Bev61kerung S.II.II. H Manyuia . aa M H CT H Hb - yxaausaer-s.II. MaJIb<ppt. n06pblHHHa. OTb MaJlb<ppt. oCHoBaHiH." nosr-s xoxaure Tarauiesa. 521) Ilepeacnaaua Cyananscxaro CTOHTb 'ITO MaJlb naaa H MaJlbKb 11 06b nepescxoa y6ieHiH Bapairs TaK)I(e nonarae'rs.b. KaKb eoe HHOnJltHHaSl. Ilanse OKOJlO 1455 rona. BJIa. KaKb H e. E<paH.b".ep)KKY CBOHXb nprsxaaurewy 3aMopCKHXb Cb HeH .b y6t.O HaCTaHBaJla. dass friiher eine Besiedlung eine schwedische B3S1Ta H3b JlaBpeHTbeBCKOH 6508 r.II.ll.ll. CTOHTb: "DpecTaBHcSI aanacs HO MaJlbept. JlI06HMHUt. nepaus KHSlfl1HH BtpHte H I1HrH HMSl es HOCHTb pO. Y)Ke TBep. HaMb aaplaaru Wax06pa30Mb )l(e 6t .ll.HHMH 113CJlt. )l(e.II. MHJlOCTbHHUt.ll.bl nOCTaBJleHO BMtCTO MtCTO 60 KHSl3S1 a JI a M 3TO nocnsnaee HOB C'IHTaeTb M CT H C JI a B b. ero. 219) Bb naaaux's.tJlalOTb BtPOSITHblMb npoacxoxaeaie OTb ranoronauncxaxs 33MI1HrOBb.0'lb noorsnasro.ll.0i1113b PlOpHKa.II. paCTbWIO.HMipa. nocasuieaaua nom. H I1HrHrep.HuiH.t. HeCMOTpSl sa KHSl)l(eCKOe npo- Ponrsnoti C'II1TaTbCSI "pa6bIHeH".II. Jlaepearseecxaa JltTonHCb ynowaaaer's 0 Ponrsnt.II. 11 2-0H pas's I1MteTcS! rperia OTPbIBOKb.HKa.ll.ll. 49." MHtHilO npHBOHe Ve r b ln d un und der g e n etc.II. 61>J1S1EBb PO. 340-378) HCTopHKa O.a nyrewt. I.b WaXMaTOBb I1MtBwaro Bb pyxaxs Bnanawipa.Wleti JItTonHCH 3eMHHrOBb Hrops )KeHHTCSl na repomrf 218 uaureti Onsr's: onars H YKa3aHiSl loaKHMOBCKOH J1tTonHCH ·H. Mal paas nosepa nOBTopSleTCSI Bb P0.II.bl.II.ll. eMY )l(eHY OTb DbCKOBa. . ECJlH npHHHMaTb TO .HOi1 CTOPOHbl.b.HOH H3b BHY'IeKb MCTHCJlaBa.II. HO aanaceii.ll.. I'apansna )KeHbI "CHtrYPKH" sepeau POrHBaJIb. orsnoaarensno.tJIH asnue.. )KeHHTCSl na MHrHrep.ll.aCnHH. Bb· TOMb )l(e CMbICJlt.ll. der hat.BtpoSlTHte COBepweHHO orb YKa3bIBatOTb na HOp.ll.II. 3TOMb Ilnyroura.II.ll.JIe)KHTb npOHCXO. CTp.YMaJIH.1 pa as nom.ll.Sl. 'ITO HMSI MaJl<PPI1. Cb O.ll. Bb3- npoucxoxaeuis no OJl3t Bb loa E<paH. 'ITO Onsra 6blJla 113b pona fOCTOMbICJla. haben.MaHCKOe HMSl.eJIbWaHKa.ll. orsaosareasno. 6bITb MO)KeTb.b..bl MCTHCJlaBOBHbl MOHOMaxa. CTaTb H JII06HMl1ueH.t. Oegend aa OCHoBaHiH ••• scheinen Do rosopar-s Warjagen in Izborsk am ehesten aus das Land stattgefunden Archaologische JltTonHCH.eHie.ll.ll.II.ll. na PO. e. a. cecrpa euie f r i d'u.YIOIHHMb KJlIO'IbHHut '1HTaeTb cooretrrcrsyiouiee HMb n p e B H SIr 0 H . 4TO xacaercs SlK06bl He 3 HaT H a r 0 npoacxoxaenla Bnannwipa ecrs napa- Fapansna- OTb K JlIO 'I H H Ubi (J1aBpeHTbeBCKiH CnI1COKb) OJlbrI1Hoi1.MaHCKOe npOHCXO)K. aa B03CTaHaBJlHBaeMaro CBtHeJlb.bl Acrpnna 6blJla nosepsio pa6blHH Eanu. 902 11 cnyuraure .ll. 'ITO y nonscxaro HHtKoTopble.0'lepH6o.ll. BblHOCKY HanOMHHaeTb. Oner's. Hnrepecuo OTMtTHTb.

127.OBtBb.nanp. CTapwiU CblHb I'apansna.J. C06. p. 19-60. fuerat fiIia fratris Imperatorls Henrici III . V. r.ll. KapaM311HbccuJIaeTCSI a Hi s t o r ia Archiepiscoporum s Bremensium.SlMbyasme.n. cnacnacs Bb Poccia. PHMb.n. verehelichet an den russischen Konig. nobilis foemina de Svevia nata.n.n. Bb cynpyrt l1. II. JI0 B0 C o no JIKY 11r 0 p e B I! npencraanaer-s ero 060pOTHeMb: "BbCeCJJaBbKHSl3b JIlO.n.eTbpon's KHSl3e» n0J10TCKI1Xb. P no npe. ntcHb Fapansna H . aPI!Kb (KpOBaBaSiCtKilpa).Porsonona. T.aHiSiMbcaru. er het Elisabeth. nosepsio craparo ItlI!HHa Bb rYJIb. BSl4eCJ1aBb.n.xorna.060JIbllleHHblii 'lapaMI!. 1927..lIJ. na npencaepruas rrscm. Haraldr atti pa Ellisif dottur Jarizleif komings or' H61mgardi.06PbIBKI1 npe.a Bb nocn'snnews BMtCTt cs MJIa.tTb.POPHKb IOTnAH)l. y611J1bParaaansna: BeCbMaBtPOSlTHO. aa KOJlnosanis.Ui>Bi>". p. filio. sonpexa cBl1l1.. I1MSI POrBOJIo. I!CJIaH.ll. EJ1H3aBeTa-EJ1J1HCH<pb.Il.tTeJIbCTBY Hauansaoa JItTonHcH.llTb 1l3b Rastiidter Chronic.t.a raiose O. CBSl3H.t rOBOpI!TCSI:"Ida. pa kalla Nordrnen E [[ is i f" Saga Haralds k o n ti n g s Hardrada.. nOCTpIUK(:HiIo Bb MOHaweCTBO. no MHi>HilO KapaM3HHa.n. n.SlTCSllI nacropows Hollmanno'ows Bb R u s t r i n g e n't (S. 'lepe3b Pll.n.ll.I MaTepblO POCTJiICJIaBa. et peperit 0 d a m ••• et tradidit Regi Ruziae. II. 35 11334.n.n. npauyxneunue 6tlKaTb OTb aPI1Ka.221 6blJ1b HMeHHO Ti>Mb PYCCKHMb KHSl3eMb.aHiW "BOJIXOBaHiSlxb"POrBOJI0. Bayaraprem.CTp. I1cJlaH.n.n. xOTtJII1Bl1l1.nf npeKpaCHOBOJIOCOMb .. CM. p. An t i q ui t e s Ru s s e s.wHxbCblHOBeH O 1 51pocJIaBa.n.H a r a Ids k 0 n Ii n g s Bb Hardrada. Bb HtMeUKoMb nepeBOll. Pycrpanreacxaws. Dominae Glismodis.a. aaponaas lKe MOJIBa.CKO-PYCTpHHreHCKiSl I'apansna I'apnpana (I'posuaro).11.n. O.n.a. : . arn.HHbH3b BHYKOBb ero." K n y tl ing s sag a (0 HewCM. Orientalia Christiana. Bb 1f3BJIe'leHiSlXb.Il. 2H) " .n. TaKb ero HOCI1JIbO.aBb 3TOii mlHiH BCTpt'laeTCSI 'laCTO. 11YKa3blBaeTCSI.lHbIMb. aocrrsaasuiaro I'apansaa npeKpaCHOBOJIOCaro. 1816. rnasa 15 . Kapall\3HHb nonaraer's. Namens ••• welcher GrossfUrst in Russland geblieben.n.Il.. IX.BtPOSITHO Tionsonsdia Mynparo.lfMipa MOHoMaxa.114. p. .Denn.cKIlMb).CKIHH PIOPHKb HAlJAnbHOH noTOnl1CH 265 Vl3b CblHOBeH 5IpOCJ1aBa. a caMb Bb HO'lb BOJIKOMbpucxaure. no KOTOPO». I'ianswapa Bb Fepeapapcar-s.n. 39).eMb51pocJIaBoMb. dieselbe Wittwe Ida hat sich nach Udo. Fapansm.n. OTb 113S1CJIaBa 1005 rony) (t 11ero BHYKa BCeCJIaBa (t 1101) l1. 2~) CTaHcbI 3TI1 npI1BO.lliHXb. dottir Olafs seenska.n. II. HtCKOJIbKOHIlYIO sepcho (CTp. COCTaBIlBwaro ntcnb 06b I1HrJlI!HraXb Bb Ha'laJIt X CTOJItTiSl. MJ1a.CHtrYPKOH.uraro cuaa CHtrypKI1 3BaJII! Ragnvald'ows 11Kb HeMY nepeunru TeMHblSi'lapbl I! . BJllo61!JICSl b B Snefrid'y 11. (Bb XII BtKt) .Il.OWJIH.Il.OB. o p aa a cx if n e p io n s PYCCKOW Hc r o p i a. v. 37). KHSl3eMb c rpaau psasure. Floro. 'lyTb He JII!WHJICSl paacynxa o'rs rops.t npaseneust.HOH H3b ero lKeHb Snefrid .Sag a . Hiibner. Bt. aaaasaerca Ludolf.t.n.HHb H3b MJ1a.SlTCSI cart I'apansna Fpoaaaro. T.SlK06bl caMa l1.06a rexcra. rnodir hennar var Ingigerdr.OBl1Ile» 0 . 3HaMeHHTaro 3TOH EJ1H3aBeTt 4i>Mb BHOBb xoroparo auurna 3aMY)I(b PYCTpHHreHCKaSl 3aKpi>nJ1S1J1HCbcrapus <ppHCJ1aH. HOpBe)l(CKaro. Cb KOTOPblMH no CHJ1i>H Hi>)I(HOCTH 4YBCTBa MO>KeTb cpaBHHTbCSI pass's ni>cHb 5IpOCJ1aBHbl Bb "CJ10Bi> .OBb. vol.222 crapuiaa I'apansm.n.w Hropesa".aJI't.craparo ItlIlIlHa.n. 7) onrraer's Ony lKeHo» crapuiaro cuaa 51pocJIaBa.eHll. OTb cxansna. .l1Hb1!3b cblHoBe» BCeCJlaBa. CTp.ll.tlliSi npnBO.1Mb13bMJIa. R.n.ITO OHb 6blJIb rpaltloMb llllTMapCKIlMb 11Stadienses ' (WTa.n. H. npauecs Cb c06011 ponosoe I1MSI arnaansna .n. 'ITO TOlKe "BOJIXOBaHie" cara 0 I'apam.a Bb CbIHt BJla.'ITO nOTOMKI1 ero.c.n.• nupsit Lippoldo.n. enocn'sncraia. MocKBa. "Jarizleifr korningr ok Ingigerdr drottnig attu dottur. r.n. KPOMt roro.CBSl3bIBaeTb Cb O. ihres Mannes Tode." I1HTepecHOOTMtTHTb. narpanuna I!Xb napoa» BOJIwe6cTBa.apb "BOJIXOBalliSl" ero . 'ITO XpOHIlKIl nepenyrana BapTeCJIaBa cs BSI'leCJIaBOMb. ("Genealogies et mariages occidentaux des Rurikides russes du Xs au XlII" siecle". J. sepeas HtCKOJIbKOJItTb OHaYMepJIa.a ynoMI1HaeTCSI BMtCTt Cb CblHOMb 113S1CJIaBOMb..n.6paH. cui peperit filium Warteslav .110 TO)1bKO Jleononsm.b npyrux» CKaJIb.n. An tiq u it e s Ru sse s. BblWJIa3aMYlKb aa pyccsaro KHSl3S1: .0 Iltaua "CJIOBa"• • 221) H c r o p l a I'o cy n ap c r aa Po ccl ac s ar o. HaKOHeUb. e.cKilf TeKCTb CTI1XOTBOpeHiSi e npneenens M. A.bl BCeBOJIo. . 1859. 20. von welch em sie geboren einen Sohn. Bnanaanpa Hosroponcxaro (YMepwaro Bb 1052 rony). CTaJ1a )l(eHOH nOCBSlTHJ1'b 3HaMeHHTbie CTaHCbl 0 "PYCCKOH .n. 0 nOJ1KY "ni>HHTeJ1S1 MopeH" neprrs cssepuotl n033iH. Taxs.06b 3TOMb BCeCJIaBt JItTOnl1Cb roaopur's: "erO-lKe ponu MaTI! on BOJIXOBaHiSl".04b 5IpOCJ1aBOBa. " aTIl iKe CBt. v.a.BblHOCKY 229). rOJIbMaHb npllBOll. nepssrxu .cKiH 11JIaTHHCKiH.ByXb PorHt.n. .n. 3a npnuuecca Ona." HtMeUKie IlCTOPI1KH.

6blJIb panem. II. npeacnomteas CTpeMHJIb nocraiouiee cpens Bana paacsxaa HO'IH H .eHb (H e i m s k H TaMb - TOJInbl MSlTe)KHbIXb 60H.II.Il. 6HTBbi rrtcsto.'paJlywHo H.II. no BbI3JlOpOBJIeHiH. CTHxaMH C.YMaJIb s.Bb aapauroas c- OTnpaBI1JICSIBb KOHCraHTHHOnOJIb. aaure 6JIHCTaJIO. nJIeMSlHHI1Kb MarHYCb.apb sa Y. lI..apCTBa ero: Pocciacsaro".t H EJII13aBeTt nepesenem. OCraBaJICSI ero rOJly224. DoJlSlEBb Ilaruaauara rJlt JItTb OTb pdny I'apansm. Osem. Kor. Bee aro npOHCXOJlHJIO Bb I'apansm. 527) npHBO.I1TeJlb nam.Il. u nsg Hardrada: JIeTtJlH CHonOMb OKPY)KaSl ciSlHbeMb rOJIOBY OJIa(jJa. TOJICTOrO. lI. npHBO.Il. CKaJIb. orsepraer-s e.Il..a OTb KTO Bb JItcy cnaCTHCb xOTtJlb Sf .HTCSlnepenoxeuie (jJpaHUY3cKOMY nepesony MaJIJI3.Il.Il. OJII13KiH Kb nOll. HtKoropoe BpeMSIOCTaxaxnana nonaarom. aureo i gordum gollhrings ("Tamen annulo T. skalla.Boxpyr-s CHUHJIii1CKI1Xb Sf nJIblJIb 6eperoBb. OaJIbMOHTOMb. T..t cram- cpaxancs Cb apa6aMI1 Bb Cl1ul1JIil1 11MaJIoti Ka)K. 347).Il.II.OMa.Il.II. 5IpocnaBHa I" 3TO cpaxeaie Bb 1-011 rJlaBt Sag a H a r a l d s Kon OTb ero UlHTa. BcrptqeHHblH 1030 51pocJIaBoMb.266 H.Il. nOCJIt . cnO)KHJlb nOCJIt "CO'lI1JIaCb KPOBb H3b MOI{Xb pam.apOMb" nonyneunuxs ero opaTb. Paraaansm." np0301O.b Thiodolf TaKb "HCKPbl onucstsaer-s CJlOBaMI1: . 3HMb Y. Korna H 6e3'b CaM'b MepTBblMb WJIeMa npHWJIOCb eMY CKPblTbCSl.II. Moe HMSl.JISf H3BtcTHaro Y Hero nparrsm. vic! mer ornata.Il. no "lltBa." 12$) cvna Fnasa II cara onacusaer-s KaKb secaojt 1031 rona Fapansn» komings". Fpeuia H T. f.tJIb no6t. CJIaBHblMb CTaHeTb. )KHBYUlaSi Bb 30JlOTblMH yxpauieauaa Y KapaM3HHa ("HCTOpiSf rOCY.OBI{'1a "Ha'laJlbHI1KaMH BOeBO. uarypa Onarpa.tJIaHb K. H OHb 113b I'apnapnxa HalJaJIbHI1KOMb xopnyca A3il1 11.JIHHHI1KY nepesom. cpa)KaJICSI Bb 6l1TBt CblHb "PH CTHKJIbCT3Jlt na CTOPOHt OJIa<t>aCBS!Toro.HSI.Il. 221) 0 rapaJlb. III. MeHSl. Laing." craxorsopenis rparha Bee B3SlTb Sl XOTtJIb irssa Ho pyccsas OTBeprJIa Bees 3nH30.aMH.bli1 KOH'IaeTCSI npHntBoMb: . CBoeHpaBHO.n.OBb.Ba JIHWb naraanuars BI{. r. nOCJIY)KHJlb TeMoi1 lI. onacanlio cpa)KeHiH HJlH nO..Il. auaers.3Bt3l1.lI. Bpycacous nOJlY'lI1JlH I'apansna H 3i1JItTb HtCKOJlbKHXb I{ OTnpaBHJIHCb Bb "Garc!ar'iki til Jarizleifs 060pOHbi 5IpOCJlaBb ClI.tJIaJIb JIHl\la POrBOJIO.Bl1rOBb Hopseria." quae me est Gardis fastidit"].: Fapn's. 60i11.b A.a Tbi MOSf. a UlHTb npHHHMaJIb E.t OHb rosopur-s : Fapansa». MeHSl. )KaJIo. crparrs.~o laetr gerc!r puella. n.bli1 nocaauierrs rrscnsx» Bb nOCBSlCHUHJlil1.10Bb. pa3611Ta aa 6 xynneroas. H Ka)KlI. OTnpaBHJICSIBb POCCilO. ero BaJIeS!Bb POCciH. KOJIbuaMH.HMb aasano . Korna aa norrs Y I'ayra aa KOPOJlSf Ero Me'lb HaHOCHJIb. HO 6YHHaSl BapS!roBb225.II. HaCTaHeTb H. crpaau" rin g I a. Opyxie Moi1 '1epHbli1 npaxoirs.II.Il..

6e3'1HCJJeHHbIXb nonanrom.227 rapaJIb. Enaaaser's. Il i." .HrJliHCKOH 3eMJlH. TOJICTOH 0 HeMb Bb 6aJ1J1aAi. rOBOKaK'b rOBOpI1T'b cara.llO'lepl1. 258) Bb rnaat. Y3HaJl'b.llOMOH .aJJbHI1Xb PYCCKI1X'b 6eperOB'b.m. 'lTO )((e OH'b nacri. CraM<pOPJlCKOM'b Fapansm. xpa6PblH Fapansm. 8b 1045 B'b 11. .. OrnpaBI1J1CSl Tpe60BaTb rOTOBI1TbCSl K'b aasoeaasho OT'b nJIeMSlHHI1Ka Mamyca. MOJIO. CKaJlb.3J1.llbMI1 B'b Hosropont. B'b rnasf XCIV rOBopHTCSI 0 paarosop's Fapaasaa AHrJIiHcKarO n ero 6paTa Toc rura nepem.lla.llCTaBJlSlJlI1Cb eMY 11J1f1 ero 03arJlaBJleHHOH sr"." 3HaMeHHTblH OTBi.HCTBI1TeJlbHaSi Bb KOHCTaHTI1HOnoJli. e m. Bb PHTCSI. HOBbSlMb". i bid ynoMHHaeTb ero nonsara. B'b nOJIb3Y PSlJlbI. rony. B3S1B'b CBOH COKpO- BHlUa.Tb. uieauuxt. OflHCbIBaSi 60H npa Iopxs.Tb sapars nepsaro sa BOflPOCb. csoea rnasa nOCJIi. nOKpOBflTeJ1bCTBi. Om. LXVI ("hine gemette Harold se Norrena A H r JI 0 . Hille H . 11ryr's n nopnaana npOH3HJ10 pa3CrpOHJ1H CbIH'b C'b MJIaJlllleH rnasaxs Iapansm.llb aaer-s KOHYHry MarHYCY nOJIOBHHY CBOHXb COKPOBHUl'b.Clffl 1045 rony. pa3BHBaJ10Cb ero.lI. spna 6aBIIMb).llJlSl npaaansaaro Bb cary. e. SlPJI'b YJl06HblH HO He 6YJlYlII1 B'b cocrosuia CJIYlIaH 6paT'b I'apna" sees csaep's. K'b ctBepy AHrJ1il1." Bb 1047 rony KOPOJlb Marnyc» 1l06pblH yMepb 11 rapaJIb. nOCJIi. CHalIaJ1a cpaxenie xonse nacrars HOpJlMaHOB'b I'apansna.lI. euie npyrax» ..C a K C 0 H C K Y 10 cyng mit ccc. H npHKJIIO'lelfiH. acnaunuasn. C'II1TaeT'b.cs n p e K pac H i.pHbIMI1 JlIO. cnaras no B'b eMY HY)((HO . .ll.i>Bbl I1X'b MelJTaJ1'b nOKOpHTb Fapansm. nOMOlUblO OCTaBHJ1'b HaM'b aa 3TH npi06pi>TeHHblSl 6b1JI'b 06paTHo KOpOJIeM'b ornrcauie CBOHX'b nOJlBHrOB'b. KOpOJleMb Hopseria. . Tocrsrra. scipum"). "rapaJIb. aaseru. cs Hi.llYIOUUIXb onncsraaiorca np06bIJI'b rnasf coopam.. H60 Aarniacxaro. 350 CYJlOB'b. rOBOpSi 06'b OTbi.llbIXb fl3b aopors ni. ni. T.l106HO TOMY (noH3J1araeTCSI 0 npii. CTaJ1'b npencraeancs eMY B'b 1066 xorna AHrJIil1 JlHuil1 K'b HeMY rrepetuem- Tocrur-s. pa3611J1'b nepeue Mocry.. crrsunors npeCJItJlYSJ Ha C'b rJIaBHbIMH aHrJIiHcKYIO ocrposa.CM. HeMHoro 60JlbWe. .BaIOUliS! "npe. 11 COBpeMeHHHKOBb. Bb POCcilO. B1> Hopaeriio Fapansny OH'b Bblwe Fapnpaaa : "CeMb <PYTb 11. HecMtTHblSl ronu. ynepxars 1047 JI. 'ITO Y Fapansna O'leHb cHMnaTH'IHYIO H EJlI13aBeTbl 6blJlO 2 . uransnoe CI1J1CSI rrepem.THoe KOJII1'leCTBO caMOUBi. PlOpI1Ka. OrnpaBHJICSl 11 OJIa<pOM'b H JlOlIepbMI1 Fapam. H Bb CJlt.llb.i. npfl6b1J1'b Bb HOBro- Jlanora Bb CflrTYHY.llCKiSi earn. socrrsaaeayio cxansnaau. p. 'lTO MapiSi SHe3anHO YMepJla.·OTlIpaBI1JICS! B'b B113aHTiJo.aHil1.CKIH H PIOPHKb HAlJAJ1bHOH J11'>TOnHCH 267 COH C'b rOJlY r. 0 ero Fnasa X X:X V I naer-s xapaKTepHCTI1KY Fapansne. Bb Bi.llb cram.3. OTPSlJlbI y <J>YJIb<poPJla H 3aHSlJI'b 10pK'b. )l{eHHJ1CSl ua EJII13aBeTt "nOJ1'b uapcrsa" AHrJIiH. eeaer's . aHrJliticl<iti ciona npa HO. 6poOnaqn.POPHKb IOTJ1AH. Mapieti C'b <pJ10rOM'b B'b 11 I1HrHrepJlOH." nonnum. OHb Fapansm. KaKb Inglinga-Tal 227) C06blTiSiMb 1065 rona 6paTa I'apansna Bb LXXXII Cb npennoxealews aaaoesanis Anrnia.ll 0 6 bl 'I e H . BepHYJICSI Tam. raiose X P 0 H H K y. lJO)((aJlYH. Bb IO)((HbIXb crpasaxs HY)((HO OCHOBblBaTbCSI na lJOKa3aHiSlX1> osesannO.TpH n060HUla". nOCJIi>JlHSlrO caKCOHCKaro HanOMI1HaBWI1M'b KOPOJlSl excneCbIHOM'b Fapansna fOJlBHHCOHa. C K a JI b. 'ITO HCJlalf. poa's. C'b KOpOJIeBOH EJIH3aBeToti.OT'b Jl. see. )((eHflTb6y KOHUi. cucy)((- H rOBOpHT'b. OTUpaBJ1S1J1'bB'b POCcilO K'b 51pocJ1aBY JlJISJ ".D. ero KaBaJ1J1epilO. KpOBHma.lli.D. nooancanpasa YBeCTIl CSOHX'b JlIO. roscparcs 06'b OTnJIhlTil1 <pJ10Ta Fapansna K'b cssepy Anrnia sepeas WeTnaancxie 11 Opxueacxie ocrposa 11 06'b OCTaBJIeHil1 TaMb xoponeau Enaaaseru C'b MapieH 11 i-1lfrllrepnon. I1JIH.eH.226 Hopaeria.". nocssineau rrrassr LXXVI-LXXXI. r.lleniSi 0 nonsarax» uem.THbIX'b KaMHeH H BCSlKI1X'bnparotrsaaocrea: pacxonom-.. B'b XXXIII rJlaBi.. B'b LXXXVI rnast. 226) Fnasa XXIII cam oaarnaaneaa: "KOHYHrb MarHycb naers Fapansny no JI 0 B fI H Y Hopseria".llJIeIfHbIX'b Kb xoayury 51pocJIasy. XVI onacuaaers (223). 611TSOH H nepenaercs JlIO.eH (rnana 6) H OTnpaSHJlCSI aa OpKHeHcKie OCTpOBa aa KOpOJ1eBOH EJIH3aBeToH.Il.sapanros's'. '-lepIf blMb MOpeM'b "EJlJlflCfI<pb" cam Fapansna H EJlHIllaeuia.CHI1 KOI1Xb axpanneau axpanaena Bb Inglinga-Saga. I. 6HTBbI Onadn. cJltJIaJICSl B'b POCciH.JlOIO esnue rOJIOBOH". BaCI1J1beBCKHi (" T p Y a HCTOpiSi I'apansna . 'ITO 11 . Fapansm. . 1 bid e m.30JIOTO fI cnasy.ll 0 S 1>. a mana XXIV. Bb . Fnaaa V roaopnrs: "Bb A<PPI1Ki. MapiS! H i-1HrHrep.cKOJIbKO Jli.· C'b rpnnuarn-racasuou aHrJIiticKie CHJ1aMH apMieH. 337 "Millesimo.OblJ1b Ui. Hero I'apansna Bapl1HrOBb BoclJi.ll'b Valgarar af Velli rOBOpI1T1>: .eHb H 'laCb caeprn orua. rax» rOBOpHT'b A. BO ero nonsara Opxuejicxle xopnyca rJli> OCraBaJ1aCb EJII13aBera I1HrHrepJloti.i. ornpaansm. 'ITO He 6blJlO HeCMi.llJfSl HeMe.

YHroBb - 1070 rO.OMb 11 oKPY>KeHHOMb Ope0J10Mb CBSITOCTI1 aJ].a 51pocJIaBHlJa BJIa. H by H. Bb 611TBt npa Facraarcs.OMa rOJ]. Y>Ke npaBliJlbHO.HMipa.a CKiOJIb. Bsopua raMJUI (craparo) 6blJ10 J]. 'ITO Fana (MJ1aJ].II.t TO >Ke nonoxeuie.06- Y3HaBb 0 BbICa.a.Il.II. OCTaJIaCb O. a 14 OKTSl6pSl OHb nam.OlJepH H3BtcTHaro J10.II. I. Pocciejl. HYJIaCb 6bl HHalJe.t Ii MHrH6boprt: "Sunr Valdimars ok Gyuu var Haraldr konungr.BI1Hb nepeuiem. Topranc'a. Fapansm.BI1HCOHb".II. OWH60'lHO. '1 T06bl noponmrn.Il.YHOBb.tTl1 es BCTptTHJIH fH. HeCMOTpSIna BCIO .I1Tt (Eadgyth). KaKb TtCHO CnJIeJIHCb HHTepeCbJ TOr.HJIHCbfH.a nepem.HHaBCKHXb crparrs.BI1Hb. peira dcetr voru laer MaUriur ok Ingibjorg.tHiSlMb . eCJIH. YJ1b<fJa.II. 1926].BI1Ha. "OOPI1C'b rOJ].BI1HYJ1CSI "Kb cryneussn.OTnpaBI1J1aCb Bb Pocciio. OCTaJlaCb O.II. [CM.Il. Y cuaa Crup-tieopaa.OJIrOro BblXb euie Cb CpO.bl.II.II. Bb AHrJ1il1 rJ1aBHbIM'L npI16J1I1>KeHK HblMb 11 onopoti KaHYTa 6blJ1b SlpJ1b Beccexc'a rOJ]. aa CTOPOHY dJ]. no 228) Y T.6POI<a. er fekk Kristinar." Ibidem.Il.II.I1HCTBeHHbIMb KaH.II.yapJ]. OKa3aJ1CSIe.II. rpoua" H 3aHSlJ1'b npu JIl0611MOMb HapOJ].yapJ].cTBeHHoMY - . yrposa rarapcxaro HO H AHrJIiH H POCciH pasnep3aBOeBaJIb Aurnho. HO . v.268 KOHlJHnaCb H. rOBopl1TCSI 0 CblHt BJlaJ]. a He SHYKOMb SlpocJlasa. aHrJIO-<ppaHUY3CKHXb BOtiHb.OKa3aTeJIbCTBO KptnoCTI1 p0. 6bl TO HH 6bIJIO.II.HarO 06pa30Mb 51pocJIaBHlJH npa- fH. 6blTb He 6blJIO 6bl 6e3KOHelJHblXb H3HypHTeJIbHblXb Cb npyroa scero CTOPOHbl.CKarO CKaH.II. dottur Inga konungs Steinkelssunar.nOCJIt nperiueauls 1050 Ilaaia H OmpaBHJIaCb fH.a Bb snmapf 1066 rona. Cruprisopna H3b pO.Ha . I'ana caasana 6t>KaJ1a Bb Ilanho..II.Bansneaap's" C'lI1TaeTCSI CbIHOMb.YHroBb..I1Tbl Fapansm. Bb CBOIO osepens noreprrsm.BHHYTbCSI IOrb.OHOCHbli1 (t 993). HO.II. KO . Cb HI1Mb nann ero 6paTbSl (Girth 11Leofwine) H CbIHOBbSl.Bb JII111.HMipa Mouowaxa HaWeHJItTonHcH.OMt CKioJIb. 220) BCJ1t. Luard.II.II.Il.II. Cb HHMb naJIH Hero CbIHOBbSl.II.II.p06HaSi reneanoris .II.a nOJIYlJHJIa csoe WBe.a.Il.II.aWHSlrO UHBI1JIH30BaHHaro Mipa Y)Ke npa npa 10PKt JIl060nblTHblMb npa 06pa30Mb HO 3n1130. npn <l>eoJ]. OJ1a<fJa CKOTKoHYHra 11.aToMb aa npeCTOJ1b 11 J1erKO corJlaCI1J1CSInpl1HSlTb KOpony OTb "c060pa" enl1CKOnOBb 11SlPJlOBb.BI1Ha 11 Ilaaietl. "fagrskinna" (An t i q u it e s Rus s e s.OMOMb rOJ]. MOrJIa 6bl npHBeCTH BHKHHrOSb uaurecrsls cssepa na nOMOlUb pO.OlJb fH. npa-npasnyxf PlOpHKa WHPOKiSl nepcnexraau aHrJIHkKiti. R. H LlBOlOpO.HHHTb "YpMaHbl" 6blTb He TOJIbKO BCSIHCTOpiSl CKaI-I. fH.Ki.OJI)KeHb 6blJIb <P0pCHpOBaH- HblMH MapwaMH .2~8 TaKHMb XO. nOCJ1t eoaspauieaia caxconcsoa J]. London.a H >KeHI1J1bero na csoen J].CTBeHHblxb cBSl3eti Bb .II.II. 6a6KH.04b Gyda (Tnna) 11CblHb YJ1b<fJ'b.t (Estrith). "Lives of Edward the Confessor".a McnoBtJ].yapJ].a. orem.II.II. Bb nOH. BJIaCBt. Iloioram.. 481) npnneneaa nOJ].CTBie 6J1113KHXbcBSl3ei1 Me>K. otJlSleBb. aToro rO. na Bb aTa opara I'acraurcs.bl. B's T.bl He 6blJIO Bb )KHJIHWHee H.apcKiH WYPI1Hb" rOJ].t He. T.Il. BHJIbreJIbMa. . H.OHcKoi1 AKaJ].Y no p0.bl .HI1Ka (Sb 1042 rony).II.eMI1'leCKoi1 rpynrrs. H raws. 11nosepaxs nocnsnnaro MaJl<fJPI1J].HHaBCKieHCTO'lHI1KH.a.II.Il.opt.II. H. J]. .taJ].II.II. TY. Y>Ke Bb ceHTSl6pt roro >Ke rona Fapansny npuurnoce crrburars Kb 10pKY.<parpCKpHHHbl" 229 H npyraxu . HeY. a I'apansm.CTBeHHbIMb PYCCKHMb KHSl3bSlMb. 'ITO npyrotl "ll. 1858 11 H.YHOBb 11 I'apansm.a BblWJIa 3aMY)Kb aa cuna BCeBOJIO.6b He BHJIbreJIbMb. rOJ].b nauiea MHfI1repJ]. Bb Paruapa orua HHrl1rep.II. . HalJaJIH OTKpblBaTbCSI TOr.HJ]. 6blCTPO BblJ]. T.II.0'lb I'nna. YMHbli1 11:meprI14I1bli1. .oBaTeJlbHO.HHaCTil1.II. HO nOTOMb.II.Ba cuaa: apl1Kb n06tJ]. oreus Crup-osopna 10Mc60prcKaro (t 984).I1Mipa (Moaowaxa) Ii rl1J].04epl1 aJ]. H no OTUY. OKOJIO rO. nOCJ1t CMepTI1 a. Onarpa.IU>I.a. narcsie 11 aHrJ1ii1cKie 3HaTHti1wie POJ].IlBI1Ha KaHYTb H >KeHHJ1baa cecrpt.waSl)BblWJla 3aMY>Kb aa "KoH1fira Bansneaapa": TOJlbKO. rOJ].yapJ]. H EJIH3aBeTbl noxaaueaert. Facmnrcxows 6010.II. HHrwrep.II.HHaBCKoe HMSIBb seen. CJ1tJ].II.I1Hb H3b cblHoBei1 rOJ]. MmKeTb MO)KeTb nonsrrxa 3S1TSI 51pocJIaBa 06be.LlBOPY H3S1CJIaBa. xepeat.YJ].II. KaKb ysaauaae'rs Anaw» opeMeHCKiH 11 CKaH.b I'apansna POCciH H scero H xaxis I'apansm. Ilarrse.tJ].11 OJ1a<fJb.alJa I'apansna OT03BaJIaCb Bb POCCiH.II.HH H no MaTepH. Kaxt.Il. 6blJ1a J].BI1Ha H YKa3aHO.II. Bpar-s aJ].5).II. cecrp's KOPOJ1S1 aHYTa (1015-103. JIeCTb CBOIO H CBOHXb caKCOBb.>KeHaTbli1 na ACTPI1J]. nopaxenle H nam. 3TOTb .II. Fapansnfs (MCTI1CJlaBt). 60 n 51EBb 11"AHbrJISlHb".rI.Ha J]. O.

nOCJ1t. Bb seers .S!ro CaKCOHCKarO KOPOJ1S! AHrJ1il1. MCTI1CJ1aBb BJ1a.BI1Ht IIMtlOTCSI B'b cart 0 KaHYTt CBSlTOM'b.rr. fuld. xro Kapm. ac iuramentis constrictus. nocrrsunors Bb nepsyio r0J10BY 3apYl{I1TbCSI cornaclews 230 <l>oreJ1b 06pamaeTb Propaxa 11asrsxan's uancrp'svy eMY Bb HI1MBereHb.n. ecrs JTlO60nblTHa51 aanacs rHHKMapa.'b 3n1M'b IIMeHeM'b 113BtcTHa HCTOpiSlHOPBe)f(CKIIX'bKOpOJle1i OT'b IX B.tHiH 0 lJ. 48l.a BJTa. Pertz.H5ISI BblWJ1a 3aMY)I(b sa KHYTa Jlasapna lOTJTaH. npauiypy PIOPI1KY.n. .t.D.I1TeJ1S! npa 5paBaJ1J1i> Bb PO.rr.D.ll.D.D. Bb' seers . OHb 3aMi>lIaeTb. xepeau Jl.OTKY. X ant.-fagrskinna 3Ha'lI1T'b .II.II. Ru s s e s. ad.D.D.i>HiSl. HO y rnasu aapoxaaiouieac» BeJTl1KOHl1Mnepil1. BepHYJ10Cb I1MS!CJ1aBuaro n06t.tHiSi 0 Fapansaf 11 rO. 870..rr. Also Hincmari Remensis Ann.OOpOTHaSi xoxa". 113aMi>lJaeTb. 493-497.n. Y)I(e CbIHb I1HrI16bOpm 3aCJTY)I(l1JTbnaasanie Bansneaapa BeJTI1KarO. rOBOp51 0 CMepTI1 Bb Illasemrs Jloraps II. . 1106a pa3CTaJ1I1Cb.D. 235 (22-24). .II.06HO. crapruetl I'anu.a 11es uassaaie fagr-skinna. "Venit ad eum Ruorich.YJTb<P0MbKapna JluCb caro.rr.O 1177 rO.BYXb nosepett.OWJlO . xoropoe Kapm.rr.Hee ynoanaanie 0 POPl1Ki> Haxo. Bb CBOlO osepens.II. Mamppl1.14).I1H'b 13'b 1 HIIX'b nepennerens B'b KpaCI1BYIOnepraMeHTHYIO OOJl0)f(KY.PY3bSlMI1. Pertz.D. 11xro Kaprrs JlblCblH l1CKaJTbnOMOml1 Y)l(e He y "Moryuiecrsennaro BaCCaJTa". 235. MaTepl1 BJ1a.n.no. pi>weHilO csoero Moryiuecraemrsauraro "BaCCaJ1a".rr.OXO.MaHOBbua Hl1)1(HeMb PeHHi> 281. a.CKI1XbHHaJTaXb nom.Jnde ad Rorici Nortmanni colloquium apud Noviomagum palatium perrexit. Ann. Pass Tertia.OHOCHarO". zeigt am besten.HeMYnuracrs OHb uiapoxie 3aMblCJTbl na 06be. 486. I.rr. 873 roa .rr. II.i>. a. npanasam. nom. 386 (13.rr.CKIH 11 PIOPI1Kb HAlJAJ1bHOH J11>TOnI1CJ. 23Z) "Ibique cum suis secretum habuit colloquium. Pertz.aJ1bHlOlOAHrJ1ilO.D. JlbICbIH.1 269 CKaH..y. tamen ei repositis obsidibus plurimis in navi.II.II.D. Hincmari Re m e n s is An n. 110 I'apansm.232 Cb aTJIIXb nopt.H" . Fapansna rl1J1b.l1TeJT5I. et subditus effectus est regi. 3eMJ11O60. I.rr.HMipa 'CB5ITarO. l1 Cb Ti>Xb nopu Bb pony . I.pl1lJaMI1 113a60TaMI1 0 pacnpocrpanenin xpncriaacrsa: CBoeMY CbIHY.JIIHeHie Bb CBOI1Xb pykaxs scero nodepexss 5aJITiHcKarO MOPS! 11 pacnpocrpauser's CBOIO BJ1aCTb OTb PYCTpl1HreHa 11WJ1e3Bl1ra.II. quem sibi foedere copulavit". II.D. Csunasie aTO l1MtJTO caMblH .cKaro.bl MCTI1CJ1aBb HOCI1J1b11I1MS! I'apansna.D.b PlOpHKa' "n06t.II. 873. 231) .D.06HO nOCJ1i>JI.II. I bid e m.HtKOTOPblSl CBt. Bb CBSl311 noc'suienlews ero Cb nJTeM5IHHI1KOMbPO.PY)l(ecTBeHHbIH xapaxrep's. II O. sepesi.II. )l(eHI1J1C5Ina WBe. Ant.Der Wert.Ba3K3eMnJlSlpa es.a BHYKb . nOJ1YlJl1J1baTO I1MS! Bb xecrt.n. 113Bi>cTHaro CBOI1MI1 BOHHaMI1Cb 60. ad a. Ho BepHeMCSI Kb PIOPJIIKY.O rona Ii OTJlII'IaeTCSI O'lHOCTblOCBOIIX'bCBt.OMb.l1TCSIBb Ttxb)l(e <PYJTb.Bb seers "MaJ1bcppi>." Ann. TaKb.CKOHKOpOJ1eBHTI(XPI1CTI1Hi» 11I1Mi>J1b.n. .i>Hi51O <l>pI13il1.t JlaTI1HcKi1iTeKCT'bearn rOBOpI1T'b: "mater Haraldi erat Oyda.aJTI1 ero I1M5I. Knytlinga Saga. )I(eJTaS! 3aXBaTI1Tb ero BJTa.IIT'b.II. 230) .rr. welche Bedeutung man dainals der normanischen Herrschaft am Niederrhein beimass".. Vogel.. OHa ..<ppaHKCKie aananu He rOBOp5lTb 60JTbWe 0 Pop.l1Mipa OHI1 . KaKb B03POCJTOKb aTOMY BpeMeHH BJTiSlHie HOp. filia Haraldi Anglorum regis. 6blTb MO)l(eTb.D.II. I1I1Hfl16bopry. Godwinii filii". sro BJTi5lHieaTO B03POCJTO He TOJTbKOua Hl1)1(HeMb PeHHi>.D. Ha3BaHHYlO ram.OMb. inconcussam ei servare fidam.a.na -rro He MaJTO B csryerr.I1MipOBl1lJb.aTCKI1Xb KOpOJ1eHn05lBI1JTOCbCJTaBHOePYCCKoe I1MS!Bansneuapa.D.n. . 0 rl1.Bansneaapa n06i>. pp.eTaHa.pl1lJeH.I1HaBCKI1Xb I1CTOlJHI1KOBb CbIHb rl1.. et Rorlchurn per obsides ad se venientem in suum suscepit dominium".D. 129.. nO. Ad.n. S.II. na JlI1BOHCKOe 11 3CTOHCKoe noriepexse. fel christianltatis.II.D.ll. den Karl auf Roriks freundschaft legte.II. npl16aBI1Mb OTb ce05l. npl1 aTOMb CJ1YLJai> BHI1MaHie ua anaseule. Bb <l>YJTb. nonoouo nparrsny CBOeMY 5IpOCJ1aBY. nO.rr. p. p.POPI1Kb tOTJ1AHJl. I1MnepaTopb BepHYJ1b POPI1KY Bct ero BJTa.CKI1Xb aHHaJTaXb.TaK'b Ha3. 873.D.aCBOerO.. Pertz. nOCJTt.O uacs . ara nOCJ1i>. 870 rO.aJ1bHS!rOnpauiypa CBOeH MaTepl1. JTi>TOnl1CeUb..D.aHil1 1190 T » AHrnil1.

234) JltTonHcb no JIaBpeHTbeBcKoMY cnHCKY. Co6blTiH VIII H IX-ro BtKa Y HaC'b H aa aanan's. 3an. Ilons3YlOCb 3THM'b CJlY'IaeM'b. Ilom. B'b ocaosy. TaKI1Mb 06pa30Mb. eaeneaiesrs K'b 3an. 882 lllynbn.ll. He nJIeMSlHHHKY. YMepwlO PIOPHKOBH npenacrs KHSI)[(eHie csoe OnrOBH". nanse.HO H roxe JlI1UO.ll. S.a ua 4TO POPI1Kb tOTJlaH. nOJlY4HMb 856 nns npnasania KHSl3eti 11873 . B1JJlJle8o. Kapra C1>Bepo-3anan.HoH Esponu 233) B'b 882 rony BJIan. T.tHHbIX'b nHTepaTYPHbIX'b cnpasoxs H YKa3aHiH.HHM'b H3'b TaKHX'b osepxoe-s." Taxxe H npyrie aHHaJIbl npononxaior-s euie.eKoM'b H PIOPHKt Pyccsows.233 uaura )l(e J1tTOnl1Cb nom. naaam.a raxxe n. XXII. M.JlSl CMepTl1 PlOpHKa. M.3S1HKO. On. 879 ronows roeopars: "YMepwlO PIOPl1KOBH ••• " 234 HJlH ero l1CT04Hl1Kb C4l1TaJlb aa OCHOBHYtO llapsrpam. 22. "B'b rrsro 6387. Ibidem.) JIOHn.CKiti 11PIOPHKb nary Haxanenaro Jlfsronacua O. HJIJIIOCTPAUI Ta6JI. 23 neKa6pSI 1929 (5 51HBapSi 1930.'b osepxom.YMaHHbIM'b HM'b »HopMaHCKHM'b npeBHOCTSlM'b POCciH". POn. (862).tHiSi PlOpHKa 6blJIH nepenanu ronpPHn.. np"HHMaSl nns noxona Acsonsna 860 ron's. euie pas's nonraepxnaa uauiy OCHOBHYIO MbICJlb. 4TO Ha4aJIbHbiti H. ECJll1 C4I1TaTb. ACKOJlb. Vogel. A. '1T06bl npHHeCTH MOIO rJIy6oKYIO (inaron. "quod ••• Roricus ••• tenuerat".11 Bb CMblCJlt XPOHOJlOrH4eCKOMb aecsaa C6JlH)I(alOTCSInauuua <ppaHKcKHxb aHHaJlOBb 11 HaWI1Xb nfsronnceti. 6blJl'b CJJY)[(HTbPSln. 11. noxom.n. CMHpHOBa.ll. KOTOPOMY SI 06S13aH'b PSln. 61>J1S1EBb Jltironacem.tnaHHblH H. . nepsoa '1aCTH 3TOH pariorsr ner-s nepesom.a npyreay ponCTBeHHHKY. CTp.3S1HKO. H SlBnSleTCSI 3Ta CTaTbSl0 POPHKt IOTnaHn. H B'b nOJIOBHHt IX BtKa. Pacoecxoay. rOBOpSi 0 <ppH3iH.OH'b.270 Pl1Kt.OM'b U. TO.y. Moero nosnana B'b Viking Societye-Rorik of Jutland and Rurik of the Russian Chronicles. 295-296.YMaHHbIX'b oxono 25 n. 23~) no MblCJJH51. 292 H. nonxem. rnotieaue en. BpeMSI 'OT'b BpeMeHH. (866) H OTb Hero OTC4HTbiBaJIb Ha4aJlO KHSI)l(el1iSl Piopaxa ua serape rona aasam.23a H. CBSl3blBaTb ee C'b HMeHeM'b PlOpHKa: "quos Roricus habuerat".apHocTb H. POn.cKaSi xpOHHKa rOBOpHT'b: " ••• quae Rorich Nordmannus francorum regibus f ide lis in Kinnin tenuerat.

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