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Informer is published quarterly in electronic and print editions. Individual electronic issues are available for purchase through the Scribd.com document-sharing service. Individual print and electronic issues can be purchased through informer.magcloud.com.
THE HISTORY OF AMERICAN CRIME AND LAW ENFORCEMENT
ISSN Print: 1943-7803 Electronic: 1944-8139
Editor and Publisher:
P.O. Box 1350 New Milford, CT 06776-1350
Numerous questions remain about Joseph Profaci and the Brooklyn-based crime family associated with his name. We are left to guess, for example, how Profaci rose to the leadership of the organization, how the independence of the relatively small Mafia clan was secured and how the organization managed to wield a level of influence that far exceeded its apparent numerical strength. In some Mafia histories, the Profaci Family seems to appear instantaneously in Prohibition Era Bath Beach and Bensonhurst, Brooklyn, already with Profaci at the helm and already a major player in underworld events. While details of the origin of the Profaci Mafia are elusive, in this issue Thomas Hunt strives to provide a foundation for future research by noting Profaci’s kinship and Sicilian hometown ties to underworld figures whose presence in the U.S. predated his own (Page 4). In a collection of biographical essays, Justin Dugard sheds light on a few of the more shadowy figures of the Profaci-Colombo organization. Dugard also adds a Colombo Crime Family violence timeline (Page 16). Bill Feather provides a Colombo Family membership chart (Page 29). Additional Profaci-Colombo coverage includes relevant portions of the House Select Committee on Assassinations report (Page 34), an interview with Sandra Harmon, author of Mafia Son (Page 46), and a book review of FBI agent Lindley DeVecchio’s book, We’re Going To Win This Thing (Page 55). This issue also marks the beginning of a series of articles by David Critchley on the Gunmen of the Castellammarese War. In the first installment, Critchley examines the enigmatic Maranzano hit man, “Buster from Chicago” (Page 36).
Copyright © 2012
Article submissions and letters are always welcome. Publishers and authors of books related to true crime history may send review copies along with press releases and author biographical information to Thomas Hunt P.O. Box 1350 New Milford, CT 06776-1350
.................................... Profaci’s Rise .................................... 4 ProfaciProfaci-Colombo Profiles ................ 16 Colombo Violence Timeline ............. 17 Colombo Membership Chart ........... 29 Castellammare War Gunmen .......... 36 Interview: Sandra Harmon .............. 46 Review: DeVecchio ...........................55 Review: The Boston Mob Guide ..... 59
“Whitey” Bulger. Page 59.
The managers would lease the estates and then charge rent to peasant farmers. known as gabelloti. murder of Palermo banker and anti-Mafia politician Emanuele Notarbartolo. Successful legal appeals resulted in a retrial in Florence the following year.2 The most widely known Mafioso from Villabate at the turn of the 20th Century was Giuseppe Fontana. gradually came under the control of tenant managers.blogspot.com . like many across western Sicily. Many historians believe the gabelloti system of land management represented an early stage in the 19th Century development of the Mafia in Sicily. the Villabate criminal brotherhood. At the conclusion of the second trial. It historically served as a resort area for noble Sicilian families trying to escape the congestion of Palermo. While it is impossible at this time to fill in all of the blanks of the crime family history. 1893. That region. Ficarazzi. In some United States Mafia histories. Fontana and his political patron Raffaele Palizzolo were convicted on June 30. Santa Flavia and Misilmeri. The community of Bagheria was especially favored by the elite. known locally as the Zubbio. 1902. Sicily. already fully grown and with Giuseppe Profaci as its boss. Fontana and Palizzolo were acquitted and released. Despite a well-constructed alibi that placed him in Tunisia at the time of the Notarbartolo murder. and their armed guards. became host to several noteworthy suburban communities on the eastern outskirts of the western Sicilian capital of Palermo: Villabate. it appears that the roots of the Profaci-Colombo organization stretch back to a network of influential families in the region of Villabate. became home to corrupt politicians and a thriving underworld. on July 23. the crime family simply (though somewhat ridiculously) springs to life. in Prohibition Era Brooklyn. who maintained luxurious country estates there. By the later years of the 19th Century. Bagheria. Those estates.1 Villabate. had acquired the protection of influential politicians and landowners in Palermo. the closest of the communities to the city of Palermo. 1904.4 Sangiorgi report During the Notarbartolo murder investigation. site of ancient Phoenician settlements.3 The Italian court at Bologna sentenced both men to thirty years at hard labor.4 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 Giuseppe Profaci steps from obscurity to leadership of an influential New York Mafia family Profaci’s Rise By Thomas Hunt Little information exists on the earliest days of the underworld organization known today as the Colombo Crime Family. Palermo police prepared a report on informer-journal. prime suspect in the February 1.
Giuseppe Profaci .
Police Chief (Questore) Ermanno Sangiorgi compiled a list of thirty-five members of the criminal society: Luciano Ania (son of the late Tommaso). Biagio Giannone (son of the late Mariano). Francesco Prestigiacomo (son of the late Pasquale). Onofrio Bellisi (son of the late Tommaso). Vincenzo. Vincenzo Fontana (son of a living Rosario). the Villabate underworld continued to benefit from the protection of the powerful Palizzolo and was able to expand its territory. Antonino Pitarresi (son of the late Giovanni). he quickly became associated with the underworld organization of American Mafia boss of bosses Giuseppe Morello. Filippo LoCicero (son of a living Luigi). Its numerous crimes almost always go unpunished. Benedetto D'Agostino (son of a living Stefano). Onofrio and Paolo Martorana (sons of the late Vito). The sphere of action and of influence of this society of criminals is not restricted to the territory of Villabate alone. Nicola Martorana (son of the late Andrea). Emanuele Puglia (son of a living Agostino). Biagio Cavarrello (son of the late Giuseppe). Antonino and Giuseppe Maggiore (sons of a living Michele). Fearful of exposing themselves to certain death. and murder. but extends to the nearby districts of Palermo.5 The Ignazio Profaci named in Sangiorgi’s list was the son of Emanuele and Giuseppa Zarcone Profaci. Giovanni Tocco (son of the late Michele). however. Ignazio Profaci (son of the late Emanuele). His son.6 The criminal brotherhood managed to seize control of the Villabate local government briefly in the early 1890s after the election of Pitarresi as mayor. they prefer to remain silent and suffer. Giovanni and Pasquale DiPieri (sons of a living Salvatore). Andrea and Vincenzo Cottone (sons of a living Antonino).com . New York. In his new home. In the summer of 1905. robbery. Sangiorgi noted that the Villabate Mafia engaged in a variety of criminal activities. Domenico Marino (son of a living Domenico). Ignazio’s nephew was the Giuseppe Profaci who would rise to the lead- ership of the Mafia organization in Brooklyn. extortion through threatening letters.6 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 the Villabate Mafia brotherhood. Paolo Fontana (son of the late Carmelo). Giuseppe Fontana (son of a living Vincenzo). Rosario Gandolfo (son of a living Rosario). Giovanni Falletta (son of the late Nicolo). for the terror that it inflicts upon the witnesses to the victims. Giuseppe Fontana and his four daughters sailed across the Atlantic and landed in New York City. Domenico Montaldo (son of a living Francesco). Italian police officials disbanded the Zubbio government. Domenico Bellucci (son of the late Giuseppe).S. Giuseppe Fontana of the Villabate Mafia made plans to relocate. Giulio and Vincenzo D'Agati (sons of the late Francesco). including theft. Gaetano. was the first to make the transatlantic voyage to America. Tommaso Falletta (son of the late Antonino). Angelo D'Alessandro (son of the late Vito). to Ficarazzi and to Misilmeri.8 Land of Opportunity Following his final acquittal in the Notarbartolo murder case.7 Despite that action. on the grounds that its officials were members of a criminal clique.9 It is extremely likely that Fontana kept in close contact with his previous underworld associates in Villabate and encouraged them to settle in the U. Morello’s Mafia was dominated by his immediate family and other immigrants from the Morello Sicilian hometown of Corle- informer-journal.blogspot. Giovanni Cutrona (son of a living Pietro). Matteo Filippello (son of the late Giorgio).
Profaci-Magliocco-Zarcone Family Tree .
was felt in American Mafia organizations as far away as Chicago and New Orleans. If his information is accurate. According to Clemente. Secret Service that four distinct Mafia gangs had formed in New York.12 who shifted his headquarters from East Harlem to Brooklyn in this period.19 Six days after the Fontana killing. both D’Aquila and Schiro were visiting Sicily at that time but were expected back soon.blogspot. The Mafia in New York was deprived of its leadership when Giuseppe Morello and a number of trusted lieutenants were given long sentences in federal prison following a counterfeiting conviction on February 19.10 Morello’s personal influence. Much of the city’s Mafia membership gathered around D’Aquila.13 In 1912. So. we can expect that other immigrant Mafiosi from Villabate were also included in the D’Aquila Mafia of this time. and others emerged as powerful faction leaders in the former Morello strongholds of East Harlem. The next day. He said three Mafia societies – the LoMonte organization in East Harlem. Forty-six-year-old Ignazio Profaci and his son sixteen-year-old Gaetano Profaci reached New York City aboard the S. and Brooklyn. escaped an ambush as he drove a horse-drawn cart up Fifth Avenue near 108th Street. was an amalgam of immigrant racketeers from various Sicilian regions. LoMonte’s bodyguard was not as lucky – he was shot to death. Mafia big shot Fortunato “Charles” LoMonte. two relatives from Villabate crossed the Atlantic to join a cousin. a Morello relative and lieutenant. 1910. Clemente said he did not really understand the reason for the killing. the Mineo organization in Brooklyn and the Nicola Schiro organization of Brooklyn – were opposing a fourth group led by Salvatore D’Aquila.17 Sicilian gangsters were targeted.” he said. “He got the drop on me.15 Neapolitan gangster Aniello “Zopo” Prisco was gunned down in an East Harlem bake shop on December 16. New York.14 The cooperative underworld relationships of the Morello Era also fell apart. Fontana made it clear that he knew his killer.18 Giuseppe Fontana was shot and mortally on his way to work in East Harlem on November 4.com . not far from his home at 175 East 105th. informer-journal. Secret Service agent William Flynn interviewed Clemente in depth about the murder.S. lieutenant Salvatore “Toto” D’Aquila.8 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 one. Two policemen found him bleeding from a stomach wound in front of 325 East 105th Street.S. the Bronx. relatives Thomas and Charles LoMonte.11 Morello half-brother Nicholas “Coco” Terranova. 1913. but I will get him yet. It is possible that Giuseppe Fontana led a transplanted Villabate Mafia crew in New York at this time.16 After additional Neapolitan bloodshed in the early months of 1913. Giuseppe Azzorello in Schenectady. Early arrivals A number of Giuseppe Profaci’s relatives made early transatlantic journeys to settle in the United States. the old Morello coalition disintegrated. The organization. “We swore to kill each other. supported across the Atlantic by powerful Mafiosi like Vito Cascio Ferro of Bisacquino.” Fontana never had the chance. Less than five years after Profaci’s October 1. Giuseppe Morello’s teenage son Calogero was shot to death in an East Harlem gunfight on April 16. and even had a working relationship with units of the Neapolitan Camorra in New York. During questioning. Underworld informant Salvatore Clemente told officials of the U. Salvatore Clemente telephoned the Secret Service to report that Mafia gangs commanded by Manfredi “Al” Mineo of Brooklyn and the Terranova-LoMonte alliance of East Harlem was responsible. 1897. Sicily. He died one half hour later. birth. however. the early history of the Villabate Mafia in the New World may be buried within the history of the D’Aquila organization.20 Clemente indicated that former Villabate Mafioso Giuseppe Fontana had been a loyal member of the D’Aquila organization. Clemente spoke again about the fragmentation in the New York Mafia.
30. Rosalia Schillaci. Landing in with Magliocco relatives on Fourth Avenue New York City.26 Their daughter. at Carroll Street in Brooklyn. The new arrivals went to stay with Antonia’s father. 1963. was a descendant of the Magliocco.S. His maternal grandmother.blogspot. Taormina.24 have relocated to an area where they had By January of 1920. and Ninfa Magliocco. Fontana oldest son of Mafia boss Joseph Bonanno. who Profaci was identified by the Sangiorgi rewould become Giuseppe Profaci’s wife. who would become Giuseppe Profaci’s Mafia underboss and Marco Minghetti on April 16. Antonia Schillaci. was a cousin of Giuseppe Profaci’s mother.com . would become the stamping grounds of a growing number of related Villabatesi over the years. Sackett and Degraw Streets. Giovanni Magliocco. The port as one of the leading Mafiosi in Villafamily immediately moved in with the relabate. ten. as a twentyin New York City on Dec. he went to meet his cousin in Brooklyn. Aug. near the end of 1920. Angelo Magliocco ci. Ignazio successor. later married Salvatore “Bill” Bonanno. near the northern end of the Gowanus Canal.) liocco. Antonino Fontana. Angelo MagSalvatore. so it seems safe to assettled into a two-story. The children Giuseppe Magliocco and his family photographed on the way to church. He returned to the U.S. his wife Carmela Fontana and their five children arrived in New York City aboard the S.22 would later marry Giuseppe Profaci’s brother Distant Profaci relatives. Rosalie ProfaYork City in April of 1909.) informer-journal. 2 and went to stay two-year-old in February of 1909.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 9 and Schillaci families. In the spring of 1914. fifteen.21 and their four children traveled from Italy to In 1907. included Giuseppe Mag(LIFE. (The daughter of Salvatore and liocco and Antonia Fontana. arrived in New Antonia Rose D’Agati Profaci. private home sume that there was a significant colony of at 646 Union Street in Brooklyn. the Maglioccos had little or no influence.25 Villabatesi in the Schenectady area at that Francesco and Antonia Magliocco D’Agati time. Gaetano Profaci sailed back to the U. Antonia Rose.23 That area of Brooklyn. It is unlikely that the Profacis would tives on Carroll Street. They arrived Sicily. 1902. brick. including Union.S. Giuseppe Bonomo (or Buonomo) there.
S. and you pay 750 lire for the horse if you had a good discharge. Profaci emigrated from Sicily to the U. someone came and knocked on the door. 1921.blogspot. He was again in trouble with the law on November 23. to Salvatore and Rosalia Schillaci Profaci. the charges against him were quickly dropped. He was sentenced to a year in prison. Gaetano Mangano and his son Vincent Mangano. They gave him a bad horse. Profaci told New York Police Department Detective Thomas O’Brien about his first conviction: He said as far as the first violation was concerned.S.28 Giuseppe Profaci Giuseppe Profaci was born October 1.27 Years later. 1920. but the answer may be related to the tumult in the New York Mafia of the period. Little is known of his early years. However. Though he secured Giuseppe Morello’s old position of boss of bosses – supreme arbiter of Mafia disputes – he never was able to unite the Mafia organizations of New York under his personal leadership. and he arrested him. So he went back to the original market place. and he paid 750 lire for it but when he was Upon his parole from prison. in Villabate. violation of the domicile and attempted rape. And he brought the horse home. 1897. (A branch of the Zarcone family and its close allies.31 Why Profaci chose to settle in Chicago rather than New York is a mystery. became powerful in the Mafia underworld of Milwaukee. On his record it says a year but actually it was just because of his bail bond. he was coming out of the army in Italy in World War I. and he met a soldier and he gave this soldier 100 lire for another application to get a horse. which he wanted to have for a business. and there were no bail bondsmen like here in America. His family connections in that region are unclear. Italy was Fascist and Mussolini didn’t care for him anyhow. Profaci felt that competing groceries in the area were too strong. when he was arrested in Palermo for theft and for false witness of a public document. At that time. Very distant relatives named Zarcone and Locascio are known to have settled in the Chicago and Milwaukee areas. Providence on September 4. and he stayed in jail for a year. and he was put in jail for a year while his family tried to find that soldier. the Guardalabenes and Aliotos. and the custom of the time was if you received an honorable discharge they gave you a horse. informer-journal. and they couldn’t find him. a policeman. On April 18. Profaci headed west with the Manganos and settled in Chicago. with influential relatives holding roles in the local Mafia. He entered New York City aboard the S. Chaos in Gotham Salvatore D’Aquila never sat easy on his underworld throne. Though serious. and he tried opening a bakery.com . he opened a grocery. in the company of family friends. At that time. he had a considerable family support system in Brooklyn and New York City and probably also in the Schenectady area. His business was not successful.10 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 home. and he brought the horse home and the horse died. 1916.)30 Profaci was not without resources in his adopted homeland. Profaci was arrested by Italian authorities for theft. Profaci likely entered into the service of the criminal brotherhood as a young man.29 However. Upon arrival in Chicago.
36 On September 7. LoMonte refused to speak with police and died soon after his arrival. the leading Mafioso in the Windy City. Doctors determined that Rose’s wound was not lifethreatening. Giosue Gallucci succumbed to his wounds at Bellevue Hospital on May 21.35 More bloodshed occurred in summer of 1916. Both victims were taken to the Suydenham Hospital. was assassinated by a rogue gangster. D’Andrea’s administration remained firmly in control. Late in 1920 and early in 1921. New boss Mike Merlo was highly regarded across the United States and perhaps as far away as Sicily. D’Aquila called a meeting of the important members of the American Mafia. At the meeting. it seems he continued to live in fear of a resurgence of Giuseppe Morello’s relatives in East Harlem.32 The murder of local Camorra boss Nick DelGaudio on October 19. one of the group drew a handgun and began firing. the Terranovas suffered a devastating loss. D’Aquila assigned the murder of Fortunato “Charles” LoMonte to a Manhattan-based Mafioso named Umberto Valenti. was evidence of a rift between the Sicilian and the Neapolitan elements of the city’s underworld.34 Fortunato LoMonte’s brother Thomas was targeted in the fall of 1915. a number of the condemned Mafiosi fled the country. a few months before Profaci’s arrival in the U. The East Harlem Mafia boss was walking to his feed business on First Avenue. indicating a growing level of irrationality in the decisions of the boss of bosses. Rose was wounded in the right side. he created a dispute with the Morello faction and passed a death sentence against his perceived rivals. he was struck by three slugs. was mur- dered on July 20. 1915. LoMonte died at Harlem Hospital.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 11 Efforts to bring the LoMonte-Terranova organization of East Harlem to heel resulted in several shootings in 1913. Morello’s chief lieutenant and brother-in-law Ignazio Lupo was released from the prison about three months later. Valenti had acquired a reputation as a resourceful assassin who managed to disappear after his assignments were completed. In the spring of 1915. Thomas LoMonte was struck by slugs in his back and his right side. 1914. former strong D’Aquila allies. Nicholas “Coco” Terranova and Charles Ubriaco were shot to death in a gunfight on Johnson Street between Fleet Place and Hudson Avenue. including the murder of D’Aquila supporter Giuseppe Fontana. Authorities decided that remnants of the LoMonte-Terranova clan of East Harlem – the relatives of jailed Mafia boss Giuseppe Morello – were responsible.41 However. seeking allies in their native Sicily.38 In an effort to secure his position as boss of bosses against this new threat. In fact. he was walking with his cousin Rose along East 116th Street. The underworld in Chicago was not entirely peaceful. Anthony D’Andrea. The young gunman lived up to his reputation on May 23.S. LoMonte was shot and mortally wounded at about eleven o’clock that morning.33 East Harlem political boss and gang patron Giosue Gallucci and his son were mortally wounded in a shooting on East 109th Street seven months later. His friend “Nine-fingered Charlie” Lombardi also was killed in the same attack. His worst fear was realized on March 18. The shooter escaped unnoticed. 1920. operator of a gambling establishment at 54 James Street on Manhattan’s Lower East Side.39 The fleeing Mafiosi included Umberto Valenti and Saverio Pollaccia. as Morello was released early from Atlanta Federal Prison.com . While Salvatore D’Aquila had the upper hand.40 That Giuseppe Profaci chose to avoid New York City at the height of the D’AquilaMorello conflict is hardly surprising.37 The killing in New York continued. Though just a young man. As the two passed a group of men standing at East 116th and First Avenue.blogspot.. Lured to a meeting with their former Neapolitan underworld partners in Brooklyn. On October 13. As he passed the building at 312 East 108th Street. informer-journal. Giuseppe DeMarco.
Salvatore DiBella was noted as the leader of a Brooklyn Mafia organization that included many transplanted Villabatesi.blogspot. they were both young men in their early twenties. D’Aquila became so obsessed with defeating this new rival that he patched up his differences with his ace triggerman Umberto Valenti and assigned Valenti to eliminate Masseria. By the middle of the 1920s. but spent a couple of months living and working together at bootlegging in Buffalo. When Mr. who was sent to Canada to ease my father’s way.43 Valenti was not as lucky a few days later. Bonanno delivered Joe Profaci’s little brother to him.12 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 “By the time Mr. However. Profaci Becomes Boss Giuseppe Profaci traveled to Italy in 1925. Salvatore Profaci crossed the Atlantic in 1926. 1922.42 Masseria narrowly escaped a Valenti ambush on August 8. He was shot down August 11. Magliocco moved into a position as Profaci’s underboss. not only had a friendship been forged. It was Joseph Bonanno. DiBella quickly moved aside and control of the group passed to Profaci.S..com . To ensure his brother’s safe passage into the U. Mafia Marriage. In that period. informer-journal. Profaci and his relative Giuseppe Magliocco briefly served within the Mafia organization led by Salvatore DiBella. and illicit liquor being a staple of my uncle Joseph’s [Giuseppe Profaci] and Stephen Magaddino’s incomes. 1922. while trying to flee gunmen on East 12th Street. he indicated that he had a cousin in Chicago named Giuseppe Provenzano. On May 8.48 Shortly after returning. Bonanno met my father. Profaci’s brother Salvatore is credited with bringing cleverness and cohesion to the Mafia family. became the standard-bearer for the anti-D’Aquila forces in the early 1920s. He reentered the United States through New York City on June 8. In her book. the boss of bosses abandoned Brooklyn for the South Bronx46 and much of his organization appears to have disintegrated into its component parts.45 to become the dominant force in New York City’s Italian underworld. he relocated from Chicago to New York City.44 After his victory. but a lasting alliance in their world. However. I suppose arrangements for bringing my father into the United States from Canada were not difficult to make.47 It seems likely that the DiBella Mafia was one of several organizations that emerged as D’Aquila’s strength and prestige declined. They did not go directly back to New York. not only had a friendship been forged. Rosalie Profaci Bonanno later recalled the family account of her father Salvatore’s entry into the country: Canada was a main source of illicit liquor at the time. Stephen Magaddino’s cousin. Bonanno delivered Joe Profaci’s little brother to him. Masseria was able to consolidate his power in lower Manhattan and. with the help and advice of Giuseppe Morello. arriving in Canada. so that by the time Mr. D’Aquila’s control was broken. Giuseppe Profaci reached out to Buffalo Mafia chieftain Stefano Magaddino. Vincent Terranova of the Morello faction and Valenti ally Silva Tagliagambe were shot to death in separate incidents. At that time. a Sicilian gang leader from lower Manhattan. traveling back to Chicago.” New Order in New York Giuseppe Masseria.
Ignazio Italiano and Joseph Vaglica. as local police decided they were part of a Sicilian underworld convention.blogspot. This was nothing official. Magliocco and twenty-one other Mafiosi from around the country were rounded up by police at the Hotel Statler in Cleveland. New Jersey. including Magliocco.51 He worked as the proprietor of the Mama Mia Importing Company. Masseria’s family lived in Cleveland and the leaders of the Cleveland In a group photo of the men arrested at the Cleveland Hotel Statler in December 1928.53 Cleveland 1928 On December 4. Mohawk on a trip to Florida. boss of bosses following the assassination of Salvatore D’Aquila the previous month. when Profaci was granted his naturalization certificate.54 Two New York residents – Mafiosi Vincenzo Mangano and Giuseppe Traina – managed to convince the authorities that they had been arrested by mistake.58 Profaci. New Jersey resident Salvatore Lombardino was extradited to New Jersey.S. who became new U.52 In the spring of the following year. They were given suspended sentences and ordered to leave town. he also provided a solid support system for the temperamental Giuseppe Profaci: “It is said. Mafia were his close allies. Missouri. the cool-headed businessman who kept everybody’s tempers in check and the profits rolling in. New York. Giuseppe Profaci is seated in a wheelchair.”50 By 1927. Directly behind Profaci is Salvatore DiCarlo of the Buffalo Mafia. A number of firearms were seized.57 Fifteen of the remaining defendants. Florida. both of Tampa.com . The injury made it difficult for him to walk or to drive an automobile. The gathering probably was to be a Mafia coronation for Giuseppe Masseria. he was a Brooklyn resident living at 279 Bay 11th Street. Sam Tilocco informer-journal. He also became an innovator in Mafia gambling rackets and “devised ways of keeping track of a vast betting and numbers business.S. They were released almost immediately. On December 14. To DiCarlo’s right is Profaci brother-in-law and underboss Giuseppe Magliocco. were charged as suspicious persons.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 13 but a lasting alliance in their world.” With a cool head and an understated manner. Profaci severely injured his right knee in an accident when traveling aboard the S. pleaded guilty. Ohio and Indiana. a virtually disabled Profaci. just a recognition of similar sensibilities. Florida. where he was wanted for questioning in connection with the murder of a truck driver. residents of Illinois. 1928.56 It appears to be the first time that Giuseppe Profaci was recognized as a Mafia boss at a national convention. my father was the brains behind the brawn.49 Salvatore Profaci became a successful businessman in the garment industry and in real estate.55 The rest.
1917. Power and Myth. 305-307.” New York Tribune. 125. Profaci explained that he went to Cleveland in an effort to acquire new clients for his olive oil importing business. 1912. p. 25.. July 12.Y. Vol. 233. 1912. 34. he was well established in Brooklyn.” New York Times. 42-46.blogspot.” New York Daily Tribune. 20. p. 20. Regina d’Italia.” New York Times.” New York Times. p. 1912. Some of those alliances were cemented through marriage.” New York Times. “30 years for Wolf. The Sicilian Mafia: The Business of Private Protection. 21 Pascucci. A number of historians have doubted the link. 12 D’Aquila made an interesting trip to Italy early in 1910. New York: Putnam. 1902. Henner. p. Gambetta. The author thanks historian Mike Dash for sharing this source. Dickie.” New York Times. William. 1933. N. Notes 1 Mori. Fentress. “Raffaele Palizzolo describes the Mafia. p. William. He noted that he was already doing business with a grocery run by Ignazio Italiano in Tampa. 5 Lupo. 1905. Gambetta also disputed the contention that the Mafia was born from the gabelloti experience. 2000. 1910. Aug. 1892. 233. 111-113. on March 22. 25. 1. 2009. Dr. Aug. Robert R. 6 Lupo. 131. His niece Rosalie (Salvatore’s daughter) married Salvatore “Bill” Bonanno. translated by Ewald Osers. 17. 129. 2011. 129-130. 2009. p. 10 “10 held when gunman exposes 23 murders. p. New York: New York University Press. 245. 1912. Profaci remained boss of the crime family until his death of cancer on June 6.S. p.” Schenectady Digital History Archive. Rome: XL Edizioni.” Washington Post. 16 “Kills a gangster to save his uncle. Nov. 1880-1930. 15 “Three gunmen fight until all are down. p. 14 Flynn. 10-11. Mike.com . “The Mafia in New York. Feb. 2 Fentress. Slavonia arrived New York City on Aug. p. 1904. The First Family: Terror. p. p. Critchley. 9 Dickie.59 Profaci’s Reign Giuseppe Profaci would lead his Mafia organization for more than three decades. Vol. 1998.: Cornell University Press. April 17. p. Salvatore. 10. N. Aug. 19. Feb. leading Mafia clans of the Detroit area. 1914. Montreal and the American West.Y. 20. Though Profaci’s brother and right-hand -man Salvatore died following an accidental boat fire in 1953. 1902.” New York Times. translated by Orlo Williams. p.’ king of the Black Hand. aboard the S. Boston: Harvard University Press. 3. the campieri. 1910. Nov. 28. Mafia & Mafiosi: Origin. sec.” New York Times. 83-85. Cesare. Dickie. 1. Extortion and the Birth of the American Mafia. 13 D’Aquila used an East Harlem address in 1912 and 1913.org (accessed informer-journal. 11 “150 years in all for the Lupo gang. Secret Service daily reports. John. 1996. 19 “Wouldn’t name his slayer. Nov. 18 “Slayer’s knife stays Mafia secret in New York’s Little Italy. Dash. 1891-1931. 130. while another avenger shoots victim. David. Fentress. no serious challenge to Profaci’s leadership surfaced until the Gallo rebellion in 1959. Mag. 1962. New York: Routledge. 16. “Electric City immigrants: Italians and Poles of Schenectady. 2. 1913. 238-239) notes that the Villabate Mafia’s territory stretched beyond the confines of the province of Palermo into the south-central Sicilian province of Caltanissetta. p. Cosa Nostra: A History of the Sicilian Mafia. It is tempting to view brief returns to Sicily as a requirement in this period for promotion to the status of Mafia boss. May 25. p. whose Mafia influence was felt in Brooklyn. p. New York: Simon & Schuster. p. Fentress. 16. 17 “Death shots silent. The same trial also convicted Palizzolo of working with an accomplice named Trapani to accomplish the July. The report provides an interesting and valuable early link between the Mafia and what became known as “Black Hand” extortion (extortion through the mails). 44.S. 163. 1913. p.14 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 of Cleveland. The author thanks historian Mike Dash for sharing this source. schenectadyhistory. Dec. 20 Flynn. He returned to the U. and Giuseppe Palermo of Brooklyn pleaded not guilty and were quickly brought to trial. 2. murder of Notarbartolo ally Francesco Meli. 17. 24. p. “‘Zopo the Gimp. p. New York: Palgrave Macmillan. 2004.” The New York Sun. 1902. p. The Last Struggle with the Mafia.” Washington Post. 7. son of Joseph Bonanno. Eventually. Profaci’s daughters Rosalie and Carmela married into the Zerilli and Tocco families. 4. Ithaca. The Origin of Organized Crime in America: The New York City Mafia. p. James. 17. “Crimes of the dread Mafia. Passenger manifest of the S. Fentress (p. p.” New York Tribune. all five men were acquitted of the suspicious person charge. His position as boss was strengthened by alliances with other crime families. slain. By the time of his World War I draft registration in fall 1918. 1. Hess. Rebels and Mafiosi: Death in a Sicilian Landscape. 1913. 5. Feb.” Washington Post. 41. Il Tenebroso Sodalizio: Il Primo Rapporto di Polizia Sulla Mafia Siciliana. 8 Lupo. were drawn from the ranks of an existing Mafia network and were already well practiced in extortion. 168-169. 1910. p. 13. p. 1908.S. Aug.. Secret Service daily reports. 3 “Big blow to the Mafia. 128-129. 1. 244. Feb. Mori indicated that the early gabelloti and their guards. 4 “Mafia chief set free. Diego. Dec. 7 Fentress. p.
p. 59 Porrello. 1909. from 607 residents to 3. McClellan Committee Hearings. Presidente Wilson arrived New York City on Jan. “Gang roundup questioned by city manager. 1915. A Man of Honor: The Autobiography of Joseph Bonanno. 81st Congress.” New York Tribune. p. Nick Gentile noted that Masseria also benefited from the defection of an old D’Aquila friend. Dec. “2 men give lives to pay feud toll. 1916. Dante Alighieri arrived New York City on Dec. 4. Dec. Government Printing Office.” New York Sun. 23 Passenger manifest of S. United States Senate (Kefauver Committee Hearings). 1928. 744. June 28. “1909 Mafia murder in Danbury. Gentile incorrectly placed the Fortunato Lomonte killing in 1918 and indicated that Lomonte was shot several times in the head. 32. 31 Giuseppe Profaci testimony. 2 bystanders hit. p. 22 Passenger manifest of S. D. 28 O’Brien testimony. Joseph. May 18. p. 12345. 6. p. 1914. 1. Dec. Principe di Piemonte arrived New York City on April 22. May 18. Mafia Marriage: My Story. “Two widows at morgue claim murdered man. 70-71. p. May 9. 55 “Cleveland friends aid 20 gunmen.” New York Times. 1. July 21. Railroad construction projects brought Italian and Sicilian laborers to the city in the 1870s and again in the 1880s. Providence arrived New York City on Sept. 42 “Girl. 16. p. Vita di Capomafia. “Biers in two households reveal DeMarco’s dual life. p.blogspot. 1993. 2011). p. 1. 1914. 2883. 1916. Saverio Pollaccia of Brooklyn. 12349. p. p.” Washington Times. D. 1. 1915. p. p. Dec. Leonardo DaVinci arrived New York City on June 8. Hearings Before the Select Committee on Improper Activities in the Labor or Management Field (McClellan Committee Hearings). 4. 85th Congress. p. dying. 57 “Gangsters lose tussle for guns.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 15 Dec. and Ignazio Lupo.” New York Tribune. 1928. Sicilian and Italian immigration reached new heights. 1922. Newspaper accounts said he was shot in the chest and abdomen. “Cleveland convention was to be Masseria coronation. May 24. 44 “Gang kills gunman. 25 United States Census of 1920. That home was constructed in 1925. p. p. as his brother was. Oct. 1914. 1960. Bill and Gary B. Vol. Oct. Volume 7. 30 Hunt. 5. 29. p. 39 Gentile. “Two shot down in Harlem feud. 15. Lee. Part 32. New York: Simon and Schuster. 1920. “Shot in a feud in ‘Little Italy. p. 744. 33 “Vows revenge by husband’s body. 45 Bonanno. Rome: Crescenzi Allendorf Editori. p. 11.’” New York Times. June 28. inmate no. 1916.” New York Times. NJ: Barricade Books.C. 1. 1921.S. 1922. 1916.S. Sept. 4. p. 14. p.” FBI report.” Cleveland Plain Dealer. Thomas and Michael A. Thomas. 98-100. 27 Testimony of New York Police Detective Thomas O’Brien. 20. It is tempting to connect this Profaci trip to his native land with Profaci’s rise to the leadership of a Brooklyn crime family following his return.C.com . 24 Passenger manifest of S. p. 2011. In unpublished notes apparently written before his book Vita di Capomafia was published. with Sergio Lalli.: U. May 11. Government Printing Office. 2nd Session. 1915.: U. He continued to use a Brooklyn address for naturalization documents in 1926.” New York Times.S. p. 6. 1st Session.” Informer: The Journal of American Mafia History. 96. 51 “Joseph Profaci. Rosalia. 41 “Tony D’Andrea shot. His companions. July 2009. Part 32. Bonanno established that Giuseppe Morello was the chief adviser to Giuseppe Masseria. May 25. July 23. Oct. The Last Testament of Bill Bonanno: The Final Secrets of a Life in the Mafia. 49 Bonanno. 56 For more on the Cleveland convention of 1928. “Passersby shot in duel. 3. San Giorgio arrived New York City on Feb. 1995. 22. July 22. 1.” New York Tribune.S. 1928. Giuseppe Profaci reported that he was to meet a cousin Calogero Profaci on Elizabeth Street in Manhattan. 7. 32 Gentile.” Cleveland Plain Dealer. Aug. Washington.” Cleveland Plain Dealer. 43 “Gunmen shoot six in East Side swarm. also in Manhattan. the overall population of Schenectady more than doubled between 1900 and 1910. p.” New York Times. Gaetano and Vincenzo Mangano. 1. 29 Passenger manifest of S. see Hunt. New York: Harper.S.” New York Tribune. New York: William Morrow and Company.” Informer: The Journal of American Mafia History. 1990. 1983. 5. Rosalie with Beverly Donofrio. 18. Rick. 1958. 4. Pollaccia is not mentioned in the published work. p. 1. 50 Bonanno. 53 “Joseph Profaci. Connecticut. 54 “Police seize gang of 23 occupying luxurious suites. January 2010. 7.” New York Tribune. Investigation of Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce. p. May 22. The Rise and Fall of the Cleveland Mafia: Corn Sugar and Blood. 48 Passenger manifest of S. Investigation of Improper Activities in the Labor or Management Field. Aug.S. 1922. 37 “2 die in pistol fight in Brooklyn street. 1916. 78. 1960. 36 “Mysterious 10 kill DeMarco and his friend. 1922. It is possible that Profaci required the permission of Villabate Zubbio leadership in Sicily before he could become boss of a Mafia comprised of immigrant Villabatesi in Brooklyn.” Cleveland Press. 1951.S. p. 1.) 47 Bonanno. p. May 24. 1951. 1916. 1925. “Double murder feud outgrowth. 20. were heading to their in-law Francesco Giannone. 7. 2.” New York Tribune. 46 D’Aquila moved into a new home at 2295 Southern Boulevard across the street from the Bronx Zoo. Sept. 1915. 1916. Washington.” New York Sun. 51-52.” FBI report. 8. 747. 3. 38 Atlanta Federal Prison files for Giuseppe Morello. Police attempted to connect him to the earlier killing of Fortunato LoMonte. Some historians have confused this Vincenzo Mangano with the Brooklyn crime boss. inmate no. p.S. 26 Passenger manifest of S. No. 1909. After 1900. 7. “Lamonte dies of shot wound. and immigration was largely responsible. Dec. 1928. 52 Kefauver Committee Hearings. 35 “Killed by feudists. 1928. 2d Session. p. p. Abromovitz. Ft. 7. 34 “Father and son shot. 5. 1. Antonio Impoluzzo was arrested for the Thomas LoMonte murder.” Chicago Daily Tribune. 12.” Cleveland Press. “Swann learns name of DeMarco’s rival. Police placed the time of the D’Aquila move from Brooklyn to the Bronx around the middle of 1926 (“Three slay man in street and flee. informer-journal. 58 “Frees 15 of gang if they quit city. 18. Volume 7.” New York Sun. p. 2882. p. Nick. In fact. 1921. and 82nd Congress. “Wounds kill Gallucci. 8. 1928. 40 Passenger manifest of the S.” New York Tribune. 15.” New York Times. 4 men shot in battle of two bootleg bands. 1914.” New York Times. 8. 5. woman. July 23. 1914. 9.Taormina arrived New York City on April 23.” Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Sept. The foreign-born Italian population of Schenectady exploded in the period 19001910. Tona. Feb.S. Hearings Before the Special Committee to Investigate Organized Crime in Interstate Commerce. The General Electric plant and busy American Locomotive Company drew additional immigrant workers to the community through the 1880s.660 residents. The city’s downtown Third Ward was home to the largest number of immigrant Italians. 1.
At the time of his arrest. 1900) was an obscure early member of the Profaci Crime Family who served as consigliere under family head Joseph Colombo in the mid-to-late 1960s. and claimed residence in Baltimore via a false address. He arrived in the United States three years later. a commune of Palermo. New York. Benedetto’s membership in the Profaci Family was confirmed to Federal investiga- informer-journal. immigration officials and held subject to deportation. In the fall of 1934. on October 31. Maryland.S. Sicily. he gave an alias. He was readmitted. and became a naturalized citizen during the summer of 1954. Profaci Family member Salvatore Mezzasalma. He served in the Italian Army from 1917 to 1918. At the time. D’Alessandro himself married. Benedetto applied for and received a U. but he soon turned up again in Brooklyn. ostensibly for health purposes. Benny Castelli. 1900. Authorities discovered that he had presented a forged immigrant visa at the time of his initial entrance into the country.S. for attempting to fraudulently obtain a motor vehicle title.blogspot. By late 1940. 1928. The case ended in acquittal. A fellow Palermitano. passport for travel to his native Palermo. to Gaetano and Sebastiana Bonura D’Alessandro in Carini. in January of 1931. Benedetto had obtained a 50 percent interest in the Century Garment Company. when he was picked up in Baltimore. taking Josephine Pecoraro as his bride in a Brooklyn ceremony witnessed by. The deportation proceedings were suspended after D’Alessandro claimed ignorance of the visa forgery. D’Alessandro listed employment with the Park Bernet Gallery in Manhattan’s Upper East Side. It was there. Sorrentino supervised large scale bookmaking and policy operations in Brooklyn. but they soon found residence on Eighteenth Avenue in Bensonhurst. among others. D’Alessandro was born November 16. In between stays in Italy. In 1951. Within a month of his naturalization. D’Alessandro’s purpose for being in Baltimore at the time isn’t clear. D’Alessandro was apprehended by U. Frequent trips in and out of the country would continue through the remainder of his years in the United States. His first run-in with the law occurred on July 9. then again from 1921 to 1922. legally this time. he had family connections with the Profaci clan going back to Sicily.com .S. aboard the S. D’Alessandro maintained illegitimate interests in the rackets supervised by his capodecina.16 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 Profile: Benedetto D’Alessandro By Justin Dugard Benedetto D’Alessandro (born November 16. By the late 1950s. that he acted as a witness in the marriage of Profaci Family underboss Giuseppe Magliocco to Rose Angello. he and his wife resided in Parkville. D’Alessandro is believed to have been formally inducted into the Profaci Crime Family by the late 1920s. 1952. a garment manufacturing business based in in the Brooklyn neighborhood of Williamsburg. on February 25. Nick Sorrentino. Ardonia and settled in Brooklyn. Like many others in the underworld organization.
D’Alessandro had recently represented Carmine Persico in a dispute over a policy runner formerly employed by Scarpa. D’Alessandro again left for an extended visit to Sicily. The previous month. 1958) . where he was visited that October by Charles LoCicero. Emmino’s murder was reportedly ordered by Profaci after the victim participated in the theft of $100.A cousin of the Maglioccos. Salvatore Lombardino and John Misuraca as participants in the killing. 1959) . thirty-eight-year-old Emmino was found shot to death at Bay 41st Street between Bath and Benson Avenues in Brooklyn’s Bath Beach neighborhood. D’Alessandro briefly aligned himself with a subversive element of the family opposed to underboss Giuseppe Magliocco’s effort to claim the underworld throne. Frank Abbatemarco (November 4. amidst the intra-family intrigue. He was found strangled inside his car at 9269 Shore Road in Brooklyn. and a restructuring of the borgata commenced.Rubino was ambushed and shot to death after exiting the People’s Democractic Club at 130 Central Avenue in Bushwick. a member of the informer-journal. where he was to be accompanied by Profaci Crime Family member Harry Fontana (no relation) to a meeting with Profaci and Magliocco in New Jersey. according to informants. Ralph Emmino (June 3. An initial plan by this group to meet with the other New York Mafia leaders in an attempt to force Magliocco into retirement fell by the wayside when one of the conspirators. The body of twenty-sixyear-old Christina Oliveri. Joseph Colombo and Salvatore Mineo were installed as the family’s new boss and underboss. Magliocco had announced his resignation from position of acting boss and the leadership of the family was again up in the air. 1938) Known as Nino or Tony Durante. long vying for the leadership position. initiated by younger members dissatisfied with the status quo.Fifty -nine-year-old Abbatemarco. but several other old-time leaders were demoted and replaced with new blood. Brooklyn. an anonymous letter was received by the Immigration and Naturalization Service identifying New Jersey based Profaci allies (and later crime family members) Salvatore Cannella. Salvatore Mineo. It was an attempt by Colombo to mend the fractures created both by Magliocco’s bumbling reign and by the Gallo conflict. one of the more vocal opponents of Magliocco. He was facing narcotic charges at the time of the murder. The Maglioccos had previously threatened Salvatore’s life. was given the spot of Colombo’s second-in-command for much the same reason. The position of consigliere remained vacant for the first year of Colombo’s leadership.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 17 tors in 1962 via two separate active member sources. they received a visit from Joseph Profaci himself. among others. Rumored participants in the killings included Frank Abbatemarco and Colombo’s brother-in-law Salvatore Musacchio. was found with him.com . caporegime Salvatore Badalamenti. specifically fellow Profaci member Gregory Scarpa and Gambino Crime Family member Alfred Santantonio. 1952) .blogspot. D’Alessandro appears to have stayed in Colombo Violence Timeline Salvatore Fontana (September 30.000 worth of jewelry from the Regina Pacis Votive shrine in Bensonhurst. LoCicero. Around 1954. Soon after the death of family patriarch Joseph Profaci. In May 1963. who was accompanied by his brother Frank and Philip Mangano.Known on the streets as Bucky. 1935) . Anthony Colombo Sr. Cristoforo Rubino (July 18. Salvatore Fontana was last seen when his son dropped him off in South Brooklyn. Colombo was closely associated with Cassandros “Tony the Chief” Bonasera and John Oddo. The following April. respectively. another old-time member. (February 6. also strangled. backed away and left the others without a high ranking member to represent them. may have visited D’Alessandro in an attempt to muster support. Benedetto’s capodecina Nick Sorrentino retained his position. Soon after the victim’s family confronted Harry about the disappearance.
Benedetto was tasked ed that Colombo sought to replace the more with representing the family’s soldiers in or less retired D’Alessandro as consigliere. at no. Information received by the FBI indicatAs consigliere.blogspot. chy of the Gambino Family. neighbors reported the family In February 1967. by Joseph Yacovelli. around June dling matters with members 1970. Of himself to the new boss. Key Food Supermarket chain. subsequent attempts to ing with members of the track him down in New York Gambino and Castellano The residence of Colombo were unsuccessful.) one point being observed by Although he continued to Italian authorities accompaturn up at various social nying the son of Joseph Profunctions and regime meetfaci on a visit to Carini.com . a By 1971. the death of unrest of his life. The frequent trips had recently been called to to Italy continued. spent the D’Alessandro had disaplatter half of his decade-long peared from New York. various disputes that arose. Gaetano. blood families at their various Crime Family consigliere It was later determined meat markets in Brooklyn. at which During the reign of Joseph portedly with the added purpoint he received strong indiColombo. much of was back in New York and Benedetto D’Alessandro’s achad apparently ingratiated tivities remain obscure. close. as one of the more capable D’Alessandro enjoyed a close choices from the family’s relationship with the hieraryounger ranks. the informants that knew In mid-July FBI confidenhim. as well as hanSoon after. now remeet with Colombo.18 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 of consigliere Joseph RiccoboItaly for much of this time. far removed borne out of increasing law enforcement from the Profaci Family in New York. messages to Italy on behalf of was up for a promotion. derboss Joseph Biondo and the failing status informer-journal. viewed Like Joseph Colombo. following day. opting instead for extended ment of Benedetto D’Alessandro as his constays in Palermo. D’Alessandro was offiof New York’s other crime cially demoted and replaced families. D’Alessandro was increasingly absent Colombo formally announced his appointfrom New York. sigliere. for the scrutiny on Carlo Gambino. Benehad moved away some time detto was also observed meetago. When stay in the United States emthe FBI attempted contact at ployed at the Gambino-linked his last known address. Benedetto brother. He is beGambino Family hierarchy lieved to have remained there. all agreed that he had tial informant Gregory Scardistanced himself from illegal pa told his handlers that he activities. Benedetto D’Alessandro. some of the old-line pose of carrying funds and cations that D’Alessandro Profaci leaders were replaced. at a meeting of As the 1960s drew to a the family’s group leaders. The Colombo. that he had returned to his (This may have been linked native Sicily after being reto the reorganization of the placed by Yacovelli. ings organized by family head By the summer of 1965 he Joseph Colombo.
Guariglia associate Paul Ricci was shot dead for intervening. Joseph “Joe Bats” Cardello (August 9. Earlier that day Fontana had failed to show up at a scheduled meeting with Magnasco and others. John Guariglia (November 11. fortytwo-year-old Guariglia was fatally shot by members of the Gallo faction inside the Hi-Fi Lounge located at 72-03 13th Avenue in Bensonhurst. eventually returning to the United States in the mid-1920s and settling in Brooklyn. inducted into the crime family around mid-1957. in New Castle. identified one of the participants as Joseph Colombo. and his activities again fell under the radar for the next decade.blogspot. both had reputedly defected to the Gallos. Within a year of his birth. Fontana’s brother Salvatore. Abbatemarco had previously been identified as complicit in the murder of Colombo’s father Anthony twenty years prior. The case was ultimately dismissed.A member of the regime headed by John Oddo. By 1936. New York. The Gallo brothers are generally regarded as the shooters. Harry Fontana. On October 12. The incident was believed to be a failed kidnapping attempt by the assailants.A member of Harry Fontana’s regime. Joseph Gioelli (August 1961) .JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 19 Timeline continued Profaci Family’s South Brooklyn decina headed by Harry Fontana.Thirty-six year old Magnasco. 1963) - Profile: Simone Andolino By Justin Dugard Simone Andolino was a member of the Colombo Crime Family who served as a capodecina through the 1960s. was among those who defected to the Gallos. Pennsylvania. Marco Morelli (October 29. the family moved back to their native Sicily. fatally wounding Magnasco and allowing his brother Harry to flee the scene.com . 1962) . Andolino was born March 13. Morelli disappeared along with Anthony DiCola. heart of a Mafia crime family then headed by Joseph Profaci. was shot to death at Cardello’s Bar and Grill at 256 Fourth Avenue. provided to the FBI by multiple informants. Gioelli was a member of Salvatore Musacchio’s regime in Brooklyn. 1961) . The earliest indication of Simone’s criminal activity came early that year. on March 14. Nicholas Forlano allegedly supervised the group responsible for the murders. retrieved a handgun and opened fire on the group of assailants. His disappearance is commonly attributed to the violent rebellion spearheaded by the Gallo brothers. 1907. He was fatally shot while attempting to force his former crew leader.Known on the streets as Joe Jelly. Joseph Magnasco (October 4. into a waiting vehicle in front of the College Restaurant in Downtown Brooklyn. 1946. when he was picked up on a gambling charge by the New York Police Department’s 78th Precinct in Brooklyn’s Park Slope neighborhood. witnessing the scuffle taking place. Andolino was arrested in Brooklyn on a policy charge and informer-journal. Andolino resided at 132 Avenue V in the Bensonhurst section. to Francisco and Francesca Carcidone Andolino. 1961) . An alternative theory.
Andolino was again liocco. Marie. began investigating a policy During 1958. The investigation culmifellow native of New Castle. importance. in partneroperation thriving in Brookship with Cosimo D’Amico. an adding maothers in a dossier of suspected Mafia memchine and approximately 250. Andolino remained an imSimone Andolino. Although primarily concerned with the Little information is available on Andosmooth operation of his gambling businesses. he day sentence at Riker’s Iswas clearly a member of some land. as 1960 approached. the Andolino ultaneously on four key locaGiuseppe Tipa and D’Amico Bakery was estions linked to the ring. a public nue in Brooklyn’s East New garage at 1901 Cropsey AveYork section. Profaci Crime Family portant figure in policy operations conducted member Philip Fontana and associates Philip in the familiar Brooklyn haunts of Bath Mangano and Joseph Tipa. the NYPD Police Comcrime family members Ammissioner’s Confidential brose and Antonio. Andolino during the raids. Together with Profaci Giuseppe Tipa. In late Magliocco and his brothers. His ci.20 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 the Castellammarese War in subsequently served a thirty1931. Legitimate source of income nue in Brooklyn’s Bath Beach section. pending a hearing in involvement with the Profaci Crime Family Felony Court. who enjoyed a Andolino’s connections to close relationship with Joseph the Profaci group were clariProfaci’s underboss Giuseppe fied the following year. then returned to apparrary head Giuseppe Magliocco after Profaci’s ent obscurity insofar as law enforcement was death in June of that year. Evipartment’s Bureau of Narcotics. was also apprehended Family member Carmelo Mutoli. and in spite of his status as an apparent nonProbably already an inducted member of the factor in the Profaci group’s bloody conflict Profaci Crime Family by the conclusion of informer-journal. One tablished at 651 Liberty Aveof the targeted spots. He won an acquittal in Special Sessions under Joseph Profaci and then under tempoCourt the same day. Beach. stature in the area was enough to gain the Others picked up were Anthony D’Amico. Scarpa identiarrested on policy charges.000 bail each. nated in raids conducted simPennsylvania. concerned. a lyn. who he knew as Sam. brother of family head Joseph Profaci. as were crime family memoperated a lucrative bookmaking business bers Gaetano Mangano and Salvatore Profathat primarily handled horserace bets. apinformant Gregory Scarpa. under the direction of the brothers’ blood ties to wife the Deputy Chief Inspector. crew headed by capodecina Ambrose MagTwo months later. himself a mempears to have avoided legal penalty in the ber of the Crime Family and member of a case. Edattention of the United States Treasury Deward Mangano and Ignazio Martorano. The defendants were processed and released The most in-depth view into Andolino’s on $1. Dyker Heights and his own neighborTipa’s father. bers and associates. described in the came in 1962 via FBI top-echelon criminal press as a “controller” of the operation. 1947. a relative of Andolino. Sr. through Squad. Andolino. long-time family member hood of Bensonhurst.. NYPD’s now-defunct 82nd Precinct in Brookas an old-time capodecina who first served lyn. netted notwithstanding. this time by the fied Simone Andolino.000 policy slips. lino’s activities through the early 1950s.blogspot.com . who listed dence seized by the police included a fivehim among approximately eight hundred hundred-pound paper cutter.
later that day Gallo associates Louis Mariani and Anthony Getch. Charles LoCicero (April 19. Long Island. 1963.) It took months for the family to properly reorient itself. Implicated in a plot against other underworld bosses. who gave Andolino and his subordinates free reign to handle the situation as they saw fit. Brooklyn. Co- Timeline continued A Profaci loyalist who reported to Harry Fontana. Such incidents only added to a mounting opposition to his leadership. along with the wife of another Gallo loyalist. Getch survived and subsequently testified against associates of Carmine Persico for their involvement. Upon hearing the news. Joseph Colombo and Salvatore Mineo were officially voted in as the family’s new boss and underboss.Described by one member source as the late Joseph Profaci’s former “sharp-tongued mouthpiece and backbone” through the 1940s and 1950s. Mariani died from a head wound sustained in the assault. Claims have also been made that the murder was carried out by loyalists of former crime family boss Joseph Bonanno in response to the Colombo Family’s meddling in their affairs. when combined with other factors. report by FBI Special Agent James P. sixtythree-year-old LoCicero was killed by an unknown assailant in Borough Park.com . Members of the Franzese and Persico decinas were the prime suspects. the family was slow to select a successor. respectively. 1972) . including retribution by members of his blood family for the stabbing murder of nephew Richard LoCicero the previous year. Andolino displayed his willingness to resort to violence in the first half of 1963. fifty-six-year-old Cardello was fatally wounded by gunfire while waiting at a stop light in Bay Ridge.blogspot. 1969) . which. 1972) . The plan was subsequently overturned by Giuseppe Magliocco.D’Ambrosio and DeLucia. Flynn indicated that the national Mafia Commission required the organization to remain leaderless for some time. a Brooklyn youth dating a daughter of one of Andolino’s crew members. particularly when the victim was killed for something most Profaci Crime Family members had themselves done at some point early in their criminal careers. One account suggests that the victims were lured to a Brooklyn bar and bludgeoned to death with hammers. 1964. Joseph Gallo (April 7. 1964. John Tuccillio. disappeared together after reportedly plotting against family head Joseph Colombo. 29. Andolino took the problem to acting head Giuseppe Magliocco. Tuccillio was ambushed and shot to death while sitting inside an automobile at 73rd Street and 11th Avenue in Dyker Heights. Magliocco’s reticence towards further killings of the potential thieves was met with dissatisfaction by some elements in the crime family.A long-time member of the Family’s New Jersey informer-journal. The gunmen were supplied by crime family member Charles LoCicero. Magliocco was reportedly forced to resign his position in September 1963. was suspected of putting together a crew of young street toughs and plotting to rob the father’s home. were sprayed with gunfire from another vehicle while driving along Route 80 in Port Jefferson. Numerous motives have been presented for the murder of LoCicero.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 21 with the renegade Gallo faction. forty-threeyear-old Gallo was shot to death while dining at Umberto’s Clam House in Manhattan’s Little Italy neighborhood. 1968) . (A Jan.Long a nuisance to the Crime Family’s leadership. who initially sought to track down and eliminate the other potential robbers one by one using Gregory Scarpa and some of the younger proposed members to carry out the executions. On May 28. When he died in late December of that year. On April 5. After taking the reins. led to Magliocco formally resigning his position as acting head at a meeting of the family caporegimes held in September 1963. members of crews headed by Nicholas Forlano and John Franzese. Associates of the crime family’s acting boss Joseph Yacovelli were later identified as the culprits. Salvatore D’Ambrosio and Frederick DeLucia (November 20. respectively. who felt that one murder was enough. Emanuel Cammarata (September 6. Retribution against those suspected responsible was swift.
In between these meetings and functions Under Colombo's leadership. stepping of Andolino’s crew was passed to former actback from the day to day responsibilities of ing capodecina Carmelo Mutoli. lino's daughter was held at Pisa Caterers Simone Andolino’s wake was held at located on 86th Street in Bensonhurst. accordbo's “consultant” by others present. Joseph Colombo tended by members of the Colombo Crime provided financial assistance to Andolino’s Family. the affair was widely atof Bensonhurst. had intentionally claimed failing health in who was falling into disfavor with the famian attempt to distance himself from Magly’s boss. The leadership creasingly deteriorating health.com . indications were that her a new home located on Shore Road in Simone Andolino was suffering from inBrooklyn’s Bay Ridge section. as Genovese Crime Family well as failing health that member Peter Marino. Beset by overseeing his crew and passing the responhealth problems of his own. informer-journal.blogspot. when a wedding reception for AndoCustoms by D’Amico with no trouble. Andolino in the late 1960s. wife Marie and was rumored to have bought By the late 1960s. Brooklyn. Andolino was making frecontinued to hold an interest in bookmaking quent trips to Sicily for medical treatment. where Joseph Colombo and Andolino’s ness meetings of family capodecinas but conold business partner Cosimo D’Amico were tinued to show up to many of the family's waiting to handle arrangements. and gambling activities carried out by his On the morning of September 8. present at seemed a likely choice for rethe Balsamo wake. Colombo by underworld informants that Andolino is believed to have broken up the remaining was being considered for an administration Andolino regime and divided its members position under Colombo. Andolino Gambino Family. members who wouldn’t be including a meet between Coviewed by the membership at lombo and Carlo Gambino large merely as cronies of the held in a Midwood. Andocrew members while also tending to the baklino died while in Palermo.22 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 lombo proceeded to demote frequently accompanying Joseveral capodecinas and reseph Colombo to various place them with younger meetings and social functions. Informant social functions that were by now being vigiGregory Scarpa claimed that several Italian lantly covered by the FBI's New York Field Luger pistols and one shotgun also were on Office. Gambino Crime Family solIn view of his blood ties dier Battista Balsamo and with the Magliocco family. A high was rumored to include im-level member source in the pending blindness. his remains were flown into JFK Aired Carmelo Mutoli as his stand-in for busiport. Nevertheless he to his FBI handler that Andomanaged to retain his capolino was referred to as Colomdecina status under Colombo after. old Profaci-Magliocco regime. It was rumored month after his former crew leader. 1969. he may ing to informant Gregory Scarpa. On September 11. He designat1969. liocco's failed leadership attempt. reported Carmelo Mutoli placement. Mutoli died one sibilities to Carmelo Mutoli. One such event came in September board and were successfully brought through 1966. Per Prospero Funeral Home in his neighborhood Andolino's stature. he aphave been considered to replace family conproached the new boss and revealed that he sigliere Benedetto D’Alessandro at the time. Brooklyn. ery business in East New York. restaurant in 1967 and the Among those demoted was early 1969 wakes held for Giuseppe’s brother Ambrose. He was seen more among the family’s other crews.
Scialo had also drawn the ire of the Gambino Crime Family patriarch after terrorizing members of the family’s Brooklyn numbers rackets. formerly under Dominick Scialo. The alleged triggerman later confessed to Miami police and claimed he was paid by another party to carry out the hit. Brooklyn. was born the following year. Anthony “Tony Long” Ricciardi (October 29. They were accompanied by Joseph Profaci. also linked to the Profaci group in later years. A female acquaintance sitting inside the vehicle with Ricciardi was left unharmed. Dominick “Mimi” Scialo (January 1974) . Florida. Not long afterward. close friend of the elder Mangano. Assailants pulled up alongside and opened fire. was killed after voicing his dissatisfaction with Scialo’s demise. was reportedly murdered at Fontana’s behest after attempting to muscle in on some of Fontana’s Florida interests. the Manganos followed. In 1921. forty-six-year-old Scialo disappeared sometime in late January. He was born January 6. When Profaci moved from Chicago to Brooklyn in 1925. 1974) . Philip. A brother. who along with his late father was a close associate of Carlo Gambino. was shotgunned to death after leaving the Gambino-controlled 1717 Club in Bensonhurst. Informant information indicated that Barbusca. Colombo capodecina Charles Panarella is believed to have been the individual responsible for handling the murder. fifty-fiveyear-old Cutrone had broken from the Gallos in a violent outbreak that eventually required sit-downs among several New York Crime Profile: Vincent Mangano By Justin Dugard Vincent Mangano was a member of the Profaci Crime Family active from the 1920s through the 1960s. Brooklyn. Profaci and the Manganos all moved to Chicago. in New York City to Gaetano and Giovanna Giannone Mangano. 1974) . arriving at Ellis Island in New York City. a member of the family’s Persico regime.com . Vincent and his father Gaetano returned to the United States. A longstanding relationship exited between their respective families in Sicily.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 23 Timeline continued regime. Gaetano Barbusca (June 22. During the mid-to-late 1920s Joseph Pro- informer-journal.Forty-three -year-old Barbusca.Sixty-three-year-old Ricciardi. Associate John Coiro was also killed. where Vincent spent the remainder of his childhood and early adolescent years.Considered one of the more feared members of the crime family. Cammarata was fatally wounded by rifle fire after departing a tavern near Miami. the following October his remains were uncovered during an FBI-led digging inside the basement of Otto’s Social and Athletic Club in Park Slope. hitting the victim three times in the head. 1906. was shot to death while sitting inside his parked car in Brooklyn’s Prospect Park neighborhood. the Mangano family returned to their native Palermo. 1976) Formerly a staunch Gallo loyalist. Upon arrival in New York. John “Mooney” Cutrone (October 5. whose regime included remnants of Harry Fontana’s South Brooklyn crew. Scialo.blogspot.
There Mangano joined the Vincent himself was likely Scarpa photograph from rest of his extended family in inducted into this Crime Family 1965. November 4 of that year. New York who became a cooperating witness By 1938. a longheaded the Tampa Family at the time of time member of another Mafia family in Mangano’s arrival in the city. Margaret in the household of his new brothFollowing the November 1957 Apalachin er-in-law. turnby 1930. Salvatore Italiano. It was faci and Vincent’s father Gaetathere. Angelo. California. both believed to have strong gano suffered his second enMafia links in their native Sicicounter with the law. Vincent’s father Gaetano. left New York. Vincent Mangano reup by local police and charged as an accessomained an obscure figure until shortly after ry in the armed robbery of a cigar factory’s Joseph Profaci died in June 1962. Magliocco families were related returning once again to Brookby marriage. command the crime family formerly headed Among Ambrogio’s designated crew memby Salvatore DiBella. After spending a little under one underboss Giuseppe Magliocco temporarily month languishing in the county jail. members of the Italiano bloodline to an unprecedented amount of law enforcewere deeply involved in Mafia activity. Profaci payroll.blogspot. Giuseppe Magliocco’s Sunland Beverage CorFlorida. crime family. Salment scrutiny.24 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 Francisco. became members of a Brookpicked up at his home by the lyn-based Crime Family beSan Francisco Police Departlieved headed at the time by ment and charged as a vagrant. On activities.com . was promptly dismissed. Like the Magfiasco. Vincent was picked Nevertheless. including the local fuel oil business. identifying es. involved in the local his own membership in the Profaci Crime Italian lottery racket. the Mangano household was and publicly testified about organized crime located at 518 South Albany in Tampa. Attention increased following vatore’s father Ignazio is believed to have the 1962 defection of Joseph Valachi. In-law Giuseppe Magbers were Gregory Scarpa. the city’s Mafia families were exposed lioccos. that Manno. lyn. were likewise active local hijacking activities. in May 1948. a confidential inliocco held the position of underboss to Profaformant for the FBI who had recently began ci. where and his family were back in Brooklyn. as well as providing information about more than just younger brother Philip. The Manganos also Family and provided the FBI with details involved themselves in legitimate enterprispertaining to its other members. the Profaci Crime Family. where Vincent Mangano and brother Philip had old acquaintance Joseph Profaci had risen to held employment during the early 1960s. Scarpa admitted members of the family. this time settling in San informer-journal. Mangano initially resided with wife poration as a truck driver. Ambrogio owned the Arrow By the early 1940s. He was ly. The Mangano and for the final time around 1954. Vincent Mangano as a fellow crime family Shortly after the conclusion of World War member who also reported to Ambrogio MagII. he was stepped up to head the family and appointed released at a preliminary hearing and the brother Ambrogio as a capodecina in the case appeared to go nowhere. Antonio and The Mangano family moved Giuseppe. Ambrogio. Salvatore DiBella. Vincent Mangano Linen Supply Company in Bay Ridge. Other memHe appeared in Municipal Court bers of this criminal group inthe following week and the case cluded the Magliocco brothers. Vincent Mangano and his family again liocco. when he once again ing up on the payroll of uprooted and moved to Tampa.
Simone Andolino and his men were believed to have been primarily involved in area gambling operations. While the FBI attempted to successfully identify Mangano. Colombo began reorganizing the crime family. informer-journal. Salvatore Albanese (May 1977) . By 1980.Brought into the crime family by his late father Joseph. Ralph Spero (February 1980) . Soon after his accession. FBI attention toward Vincent Mangano was hindered by the difficulty in actually identifying him. A longtime Persico associate. As of the mid-1960s. no information was received by authorities to corroborate it. In fall of 1965. his fatal shooting during the robbery of Danny’s Luncheonette at 202 Avenue M in Brooklyn’s Flatbush section is attributed to the bad blood between the two groups.blogspot. Nonetheless. however. Genovese member Gerard Papa was again identified as the responsible party. By 1977. Vincent Mangano was finally tracked down by federal agents and interviewed at his residence on Stuyvesant Avenue in East Meadow. Long Island where Timeline continued Family leaders to successfully put a stop to the feuding. Albanese was called to a meeting with acting boss Thomas DiBella and disappeared. so much so that the FBI temporarily believed the Profaci Family’s Vincent Mangano may have been related to the former Gambino Boss. Although it’s possible Vincent Mangano had a piece of these rackets. This led to confusion among informants who were questioned about Mangano’s activities. whose crew was dispersed to other capodecinas of Colombo’s choosing. Albanese had been put directly with Anthony Abbatemarco upon the latter’s ascension to underboss in the early 1970s. Regardless. Among those broken down were Mangano’s superior Ambrogio Magliocco. One Magliocco relative.com . sixty-seven-year-old Tropiano was shot to death by a gunman firing from a nearby idling vehicle. Thomas “Shorty” Spero (March 1980) . Interim head Giuseppe Magliocco stepped down in September 1963 and died soon after. Papa was shotgunned to death inside a Brooklyn restaurant that summer.One of the crime family’s rising stars. perhaps even the elder Vincent’s son.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 25 Despite Scarpa’s information. Abbatemarco and Albanese were among those believed unhappy with the Persico group’s leadership and voiced their concern to the leadership of the other New York families. While visiting Brooklyn’s Borough Park neighborhood with his nephew. Angelo “Jilly” Greca (April 19. Most sources of information available to law enforcement at the time referred to a far more notorious Vincent Mangano who headed New York’s larger Gambino Crime Family from 1931 to 1951. was able to maintain his status as capodecina. 1980) The overseer of the crime family’s operations in Connecticut. Mangano appeared to have fallen on hard times since the death of Joseph Profaci and the dissolution of the ProfaciMagliocco stranglehold on the family’s leadership. and Vincent Mangano was subsequently placed within Andolino’s regime. forty-nine-year-old Spero disappeared not long after his older brother. Tropiano was viewed with suspicion by those in power.Fifty-six-yearold Spero’s disappearance was linked to a dispute over narcotics with Genovese Crime Family member Gerard Papa. Ralph “Whitey” Tropiano (April 2. 1980) . demoting several crew leaders deemed too closely aligned with the old Magliocco-Profaci regime. leaving the family without an official Boss until the following April’s election of Joseph Colombo.Briefly an acting capodecina during the upheaval in the late 1970s. Tropiano had come up in Brooklyn under long-time group leader Harry Fontana. Simone Andolino. Albanese was “made” during February 1976 in what would be the New York families’ first widespread induction ceremonies since the 1950s. Abbatemarco fled and was later shelved. the Profaci Family was undergoing an organizational upheaval.
in April 1975. This inactivity continued under the new CoHe also was suffering from deteriorating lombo Family leadership that was estabhealth brought about by sudden weight gain lished following Colombo’s incapacitation by and lung ailments. and Colombo and attended by the majority of the further attempts to garner his cooperation membership. he began showing current living situation. as did Mangano’s norance of any criminal activcapodecina Simone Andolino.blogspot. Manment of Parks and Recreagano readily admitted to his tion. due to difficulties with his marriage. ty dollars per month. acting head of AndoBy the time of this interlino’s regime. to meet with Joseph Coant. apartment in Levittown.26 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 tial informants as inactive in he resided with his son and Colombo Family activity. he finally succumbed to to the garage of a private residence for ninefailing health at 69 years old. respectively Informant Program in the summer of 1970. he second wife. however. renting a room attached where. suspicious law enforcement sources followed Due to a generally cooperative nature up on the information. Long Island. he was living in Inhold employment as a laborer in Long Island wood. although Meadow School District. Vincent ManFrom the early 1970s on. By late 1968. Described by confiden- informer-journal. gunfire in 1971. His continual denial of organized crime lombo and other crime family members and involvement coupled with the state of his associates. were canceled. served as a up less frequently. his Profaci and Magliocco clans father Gaetano died of natuin New York. however. also died. subby all accounts he was more sequently confirmed to be leor less in a retired state at gitimate employment after this point. no indications gano was in the midst of a divorce from his surfaced of involvement in organized crime second wife and resided alone inside an on Vincent Mangano’s behalf. Long Island. and was notably persuasive indication that his involvement in absent from a Christmas party organized by criminal activity was minimal at best. ity in the borough on their The following month Carmelo behalf. he earned a living as a laborer with the was among several older members who were Town of Hempstead’s Parks and Recreation completely inactive in the family’s affairs. insisted that Mangano trict. lifelong relationship with the In September 1969. No Gregory Scarpa.com . Mutoli. he had recently continued to be employed remarried following the death with Hempstead’s Departof first wife Margaret. He did however continue to The following year. Mangano regulartext by agents seeking to surreptitiously ly turned up at Cantalupo Realty in Bengauge his potential as a confidential informsonhurst. Mangano also rewhen interviewed by the FBI in the past. Manview Mangano worked as a gano is then believed to have bus driver and night-time been placed in the crew headcustodian with the East Vincent Mangano ed by Vincent Aloi. As 1968 drew to a close. He was soon interviewed under another preDuring the mid-1960s. still providing inforlonger with the East Meadow School Dismation to the FBI. but claimed igral causes. Division. the vealed that he had been frequently staying FBI took this opportunity to designate Manwith brothers Philip and Oswald at their gano a target for their Top Echelon Criminal homes in Brooklyn and Yonkers. Brooklyn.
Salvatore Scarpa (January 14. 1989) .JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 27 Timeline continued fifty-three-year-old Greca was under capodecina Charles Panarella by the late 1970s. a motorcycle pulled up and Greca was killed instantly by rounds fired from a 9mm automatic handgun. was shot to death and left in the back seat of a car. forty-nine-year-old Matera was identified as head of the family’s Florida-based operations. Thomas Ocera (November 13. Several of those responsible were subsequently convicted of involvement following Sessa’s defection. considered a weak link.Fifty-sixyear-old Scarpa was shot to death during the robbery of a social club in Dyker Heights. He disappeared there sometime during the summer. shot to death in the parking lot of a Dunkin’ Donuts in Sheepshead Bay. Donald Somma (August 1980) .Forty-fouryear-old Leale was killed in the parking lot of the Plainview Plaza Hotel in Long Island. Michael Rizzo.Soon after the murder of Henry Smurra. Living in Suffolk County under an alias. Nastasa informer-journal. The body was then disposed of by others present. His murder resulted from the defection of two associates previously commissioned by Leale to dispose of murder victim Thomas Ocera. long-time crime family member Nastasa was fatally shot while playing cards inside a social club in Bay Ridge. At seventy-nine years old. Belvedere became a fugitive following a 1987 indictment on labor racketeering charges.Guzzo. Buried in Forest Park. The prevailing theory for this murder points to an intrafamily power struggle. Rosario “Black Sam” Nastasa (December 5. After Ocera’s body was successfully recovered by authorities. Queens. Gioachino Leale (October 31. John “Johnny Irish” Matera (summer 1981) Formerly an associate of the Family’s Franzese crew. Joseph DeDomenico (September 17. sixty-one year old Belvedere was tracked down and shot to death in the driveway of his home. 1991) . was murdered in Brooklyn by former Federal informant Gregory Scarpa and associates.Smurra.Forty-three-yearold Somma. The bodies of Vincent Regina and his brother Anthony Regina were discovered inside a burning automobile left in Coney Island. fifty-eight-year-old Ocera was lured to the home of his capodecina Pasquale Amato. 1988) . acting consigliere Angellino was lured to a New Jersey residence where he was ambushed and shot to death by crime family members William Cutolo and Carmine Sessa. Anthony had recently been released from New York State Prison after serving nearly two decades for a murder committed on Persico’s behalf. was a casualty of the violent struggle for power between the family’s Orena and Persico factions. 1983) . 1987) DeDomenico was a member of the Scarpati decina headquartered in Bensonhurst. 1990) Long involved in gambling and loansharking rackets in Long Island. later confessed to acting as the shooter. those in power attempted to cut off the investigation by eliminating Leale.com . Targeted for elimination by acting boss Victor Orena.blogspot. 1991) . (1987) . He had recently fallen into disfavor by other members of the decina and.Fifty-three year old Regina was a close associate of the Persicos. Vincent Regina (November 23. brought into the Family by the Alois. 1987) . 1991) . Michael “Midge” Belvedere (July 25. where he was strangled by fellow Amato crew member Gioachino Leale. While his vehicle was waiting at a red light in Bensonhurst. Vito Guzzo Sr. Henry “Hank the Bank” Smurra (November 24. Vincent Angellino (November 15. Ocera’s remains were later dug up when the two individuals employed to dispose of the victim became cooperating witnesses. a member of the regime headed by Anthony Scarpati.Fiftytwo-year-old Angellino’s disappearance was linked to a struggle for power within the crime family in the wake of the RICO convictions and heavy prison sentences for the family’s official leadership. disappeared sometime in 1987 while accompanying family member Vincent Ricciardo on a hunting trip in Upstate New York.Suspected of skimming profits from a family-financed loansharking operation. Gregory Scarpa Jr.
State of Florida (December 12.In what was considered the final murder in the Colombo Family’s most recent upheaval. forty-seven-year-old underboss Scopo was shot to death outside his home in the Ozone Park neighborhood of Queens.A member of the family for over four decades.Acting as capodecina for the family’s New Jersey regime. 1992) . Brooklyn. Drug Enforcement Agency report on D'Alessandro. 1999) Viewed as a legitimate threat to the family’s acting leadership.com . appointed underboss to replace Cutolo. forty-nine-year-old underboss Cutolo was ambushed and shot to death after being called to a meeting in New York. Immigration and Naturalization Service reports. Joseph Scopo (October 20. the testimony of Paul D'Amico before the INS in the 1950s. was shot to death by a Persico hit team while sitting inside his vehicle in Gravesend. John Minerva (March 25.Minerva and an associate. (May 22. further prosecutions of accomplices are planned. The double murder was a continuation of the intra-family violence between the Orena and Persico factions. Lawrence Lampasi Jr. sixty-sixyear-old Lampasi was shot to death outside his apartment building in Borough Park. Nicholas “Nicky Black” Grancio (January 7. 1992) . Justin Dugard is an organized crime historian with a special interest in the members and activities of the Colombo Crime Family of Brooklyn.28 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 has the distinction of being one of the oldest members to fall victim to mob violence. Brooklyn. William “Wild Bill” Cutolo (May 26. Recently released from prison. Acting boss Alphonse Persico and John DeRoss. Salvatore Camporeale v. indictments relating to this murder have continued through to the present day. FBI reports summarizing information provided by informant/Colombo soldier Gregory Scarpa. FBI report summarizing info provided by Alfred Santantonio. Randazzo was reportedly viewed with suspicion by his associates. James Randazzo (May 17. informer-journal. the author consulted the following sources: Federal Bureau of Investigation reports on numerous members of the Colombo and Gambino Families. 1992) . Owing to the defection of several family members. succumbed to a spray of automatic gunfire directed into their vehicle by a hit team that ambushed them outside their café in North Massapequa. 1993) .blogspot. New York State Archives information on Mutoli. Randazzo was targeted in an unsanctioned mur- der carried out by his fellow crew members. 1993) . a capodecina for faction leader Victor Orena. birth and death records. His body was buried and later recovered after the defection of key participants in the plot. Those responsible for carrying out the murder were later convicted following the defection of one of the participants. New York Police Department Arrest Record of Andolino. 1972).Sixty-two-year-old Grancio. A hit team led by FBI CI Gregory Scarpa was later implicated. Long Island. were both subsequently convicted of ordering the murder. Michael Imbergamo. The shooter was later identified as federal CI Gregory Scarpa. .Justin Dugard Sources In compiling the profiles of Profaci/Colombo figures. Federal Bureau of Narcotics Mafia book. Based in southern Texas. he has been accumulating organized crime data for about five years.
column indicates family ties: F=father.blogspot. Gennaro Langella and Carmine Persico were sentenced to life in prison in 1986. S=son. The Mob Rel. Numerous family relationships exist among Mafiosi. U=uncle. Albert Gallo and Vincent Gugliaro aligned with the Genovese Crime Family in the 1970s. the Profaci-Colombo organization had a close relationship with the New England (Patriarca) Crime Family. Pasquale[?] 1960-1970s Era Frank[F] Joseph[?] Birth-Death 1935-1977x 1931-1974x Louis[F] 1909-1981 Michael[S] 1950-1970s 1950-? 1960-? 1950-1980s 1960-? 1925-1992 1914-1993 1932-1994 Black Jack Thomas Louis ? Alias Abby Nick Matia Midge Vinny 1924-1996 1933-? 1922-? ?-? 1934-? Salvatore Pasquale Robert L. He died in 1978.com Cangiano Barbusca Albanese Barbieri Bianco Amato Amato Bolino Botta Aloi Cosmo John Gus 1922-1995 1950-1980s 1960-? Soldier Soldier Profaci-Colombo Mafia Chart . B=brother. Nicholas Bianco moved to New England and became a member of the Patriarca Crime Family in the 1970s. Joseph Colombo. in the 1960s. x—Death was a homicide. George Tropiano and Ralph Tropiano were active in Connecticut. was shot and paralyzed in 1971. Sr. Salvatore Cerrito relocated to San Jose.. Gaetano Nicholas Anthony Joseph Michael Nicholas Vincent Given Abbatemarco Surname Belvedere informer-journal. California. Vincent Melia. It is likely that some family links are not shown on the chart. Rocco Miraglia aligned with the Gambino Crime Family in the 1970s. Notes Through the years. Sebastiano[F] Mob Rel.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 29 Capodecina Underboss Capodecina Soldier Soldier Capodecina 1950-1980s 1917-1989 Joseph Brancato Acting Boss 1950s-1960s By Bill Feather Rank 1960-1970s Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier 1960-1980s 1950-1980s 1960-1970s The Profaci/Colombo Mafia Membership Chart on the following pages includes information on known and suspected members active in the Brooklyn-based organization in the 1950s and 1960s. M=related by marriage. * Documentation suggests but does not explicitly state that the individual was a member of the crime family. C=cousin. N=nephew.
Son Frank[B] Brothers 1920-1986 1928-1973 1922-? 1929-1969x 1927-2009 1924-1969x Alphonse[B] Gaspare (Newark NJ) [?] 1922-1998? Salvatore[B] 1920-2001 Sebastiano[?] 1922-1976x 1923-1978x Antonio[F] 1950-1970s 1950-1970s 1950-1990s 1950-? 1950-1960s 1950-1980s 1960-1990s 1950'-1960s 1950-? 1950-1970s 1960-1980s 1950-2000s 1950-1970s 1950-1970s 1950-1970s 1950-? 1950-? 1960-1970s 1911-1993? Fred[B] 1950-1970s James[B] 1960-1970s 1927-1963 Alphonse[?] 1950-1960s Soldier Soldier Capodecina Boss Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier 1950-? Soldier Joseph (San Jose) [B] 1950-1960s Soldier Given Alias Birth-Death Mob Rel. Cutrone John D'Agati Girolamo D'Ambrosio Alphonse D'Ambrosio Salvatore INFORMER D'Amico Paul Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Capodecina Underboss Soldier Soldier Dello Leonard informer-journal.com DeLucia Ferdinand DiBiase* Carmine DiPierro Charles Falanga Frank Falvo Robert Famulari Dominic Florio Joseph Forlano Nicholas JANUARY 2012 Franzese John Fusco Pasquale Gallo Albert .blogspot. Era Rank 30 Cerrito Salvatore Cirillo Alphonse Cirillo* Aurelius Clemenza Fred Clemenza James Colombo Joseph Sr.Surname 1913-1978 1930-? Larry 1923-1980 Jim Brown Joe Lefore Mooney Jerome Funzied Sally D 1914-2002 Big Lenny No Nose Fred Sonny Pinto Lolly The Beast Bobby Green 1926-2010? 1926-1971 Whitey Jiggs Sonny Checko Brown Kid Blast 1928-1979 1915-1977 1919-? 1920-1986 1930-? Father.
Era Rank Gallo Joseph JANUARY 2012 Gallo Larry Gambino Phillip Garguilo Anthony Genise* Eugene Gentile Joseph Gioelli Joseph Gorgone Joseph Guariglia* John Guariglia Pasquale INFORMER Gugliaro Vincent Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Capodecina Soldier Underboss Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Imperiale Salvatore informer-journal.Surname Crazy Joey 1927-1968 Foongy 1909-1975 1921-1987 Joey Lane Joe Jelly Joe Black 1919-1961x The Soldier The Sicilian Westo Stephen 1913-2002 Allie Larry Gerry Lang Mickey Blue 1912-1981 1917-2004 1910-1973 ?-? Minx 1909-1992 1912-? J. LaMonte Lampasi Lawrence Langella Gennaro LaPonzina* Anthony LaPonzina Ernest LaPonzina Ralph Leone Anthony 31 Livoti Joseph Soldier Soldier Lupo Joseph .com Italiano* Stefano Juliano Joseph Jr.Stripoli[N] Brothers Ralph[?] Ernest[?] 1960-1980s 1960-1980s 1950-1980s 1950-1990s 1950-1970s 1917-1996 V.Oddo[M] 1950-1980s 1950-? 1938-? 1925-1992x ?-1979 Lorenzo[F] A.blogspot.[?] 1912-1995 1924-2002* 1909-1965 John[B] Pasquale[B] 1927-1995 1927-1961x 1914-1987 1950-1980s 1950-1960s 1960-1980s 1950-1960s 1950-1960s 1960-? 1950-1980s 1950-1970s 1950-1980s 1960-1980s 1950-1970s Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier 1924-1983 1960-1980s Soldier Brothers 1950-1960s Capodecina 1929-1972x Brothers 1950-1970s Soldier Given Alias Birth-Death Mob Rel.Mangano[?] Joseph Sr.
C [S] Anthony[B] Anthony[C] 1921-1976 1938-? Salvatore[F] Salvatore[B] 1926-1993 1932-1986x John[F] 1960-? 1950-1980s 1960-1980s 1950-1970s 1950-1980s 1950-1980s 1960-1970s 1960-? 1960-1970s 1950-1980s 1950-1990s 1950-1960s 1950-1980s 1960s 1950-1980s 1950-1980s 1950-1970s 1960-1970s Harry[U] 1950-1990s 1960-1980s A.Abbatemarco[C] 1950-1960s Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Capodecina Soldier Soldier Soldier 1960s Soldier 1932-1973x 1960-1970s Soldier Given Alias Birth-Death Mob Rel.Surname Johnny Tarzan 1929-1965 1925-1961 1922-1995 1921-2003 1919-1974 1929-? 1913-1990 Johnny Irish 1902-1982 1916-1991 1916-1983 Rocky Donnie Shacks Vincenzo 1915-1994 Butch 1927-2001 1912-1969 Black Sam Moose Big Tony Joe the Whale Uncle Joe 1911-1991x 1922-? 1915-1996 1917-1982 1922-1978 Carmine[?] Joseph. Peraino Joseph S. Era Rank 32 Lusterino John Madelone* Joseph Magnasco* Joseph Mainello Nicholas Maione Albert Maltese Anthony Mangiamelli Salvatore Marcone Natale Matera John Matola* Joseph INFORMER Mattera Salvatore Soldier Soldier Soldier Capodecina Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Melia Vincent informer-journal.blogspot. .com Miraglia Rocco Montemarano Dominic Muce James Mussachia Frank Musumeci Joseph Mutola Carmelo Nastasia Rosario Panarella Charles JANUARY 2012 Peraino Anthony Peraino Joseph Sr.
com Scianna Vincent Scimone John Sgro* Frank Spero Anthony Susino* Carmelo Tropiano George Tropiano Ralph Vitacco Joseph Vizzari Felice 33 Yacovelli Joseph Consigliere Soldier Zazzaro John .blogspot. (NY-Gen. Era Rank Peritore Anthony JANUARY 2012 Peritore* Salvatore Persico Carmine Jr.Surname 1913-1994 Assassin The Snake Kid Chocalate ?-1961x 1920-1995 1919-1958x 1911-1982? Larry Duke Mimi 1912-1991 1916-1984 1912-2002 Spano Shorty Mike 1915-1991 Whitey Jo-Jo Philly Joe Yak/Iacovelli? 1912-1980 1927-1980x 1920-1984 1928-2006 1917?-1964 1925-2005 Ralph[?] George[?] 1929-2008 1924-1991 Thomas[?] James[?] Vincent[?] 1927-1974x 1912-1983 1917-1968 James[?] 1950s 1950-1970s 1950-1960s 1950-1980s 1950-1970s 1950-1980s 1950-1980s 1950-1980s 1950-1980s 1960-1990s 1960-1990s 1950-1980s 1950-1970s 1950-1980s 1960-1980s 1960-1980s 1950-1960s 1960-1980s 1950-1960s 1927-1974x 1960-1970s Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier 1933-? Carmine Sr. Ricciardi Anthony Ricci* Paul Rizzo Nicholas Robino Christoforo Rubertone Joseph SanGiovanni Lazzaro Santora Modesto INFORMER Scialo Dominic Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Soldier Scianna James informer-journal.) [F] 1950-? Boss 1920-1999? Anthony[?] 1960-1980s Soldier Salvatore[?] 1950-1980s Soldier Given Alias Birth-Death Mob Rel.
Joseph Luparelli. there was further gunfire. Just over 1 year earlier. a dissident member of Colombo's family.] On June 28. confessed his role and named others. in some way." in that one participant. and about 1 year later Gallo himself was assassinated by Colombo loyalists. Gallo. Jerome Johnson was immediately thrown to the ground by nearby police and wardens of the League. in response to the arrest of one of his sons by the FBI. Several supporters of Colombo indicated they held the same belief. He confirmed that the "contract" on Gallo was ordered because of his alleged involvement in the shooting of Colombo. Joseph Colombo. it was discovered that Jerome Johnson had been shot to death. During the following year. Seedman of the New York City Police Department.34 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 Kennedy assassination investigators turn their attention to Profaci-Colombo [In the late 1970s. there was insufficient corroborative evidence for prosecution of the Gallo homicide. He held the first outdoor rally shortly after that event. the league had begun to charter chapters in other cities. Colombo appeared on network television programs to discuss his goals for the new organization and had negotiated with the producer of the film "The Godfather" to remove the words "Mafia" and "La Cosa Nostra" from the script. pornography. Kennedy. as it reexamined the 1963 assassination of President John F. A fundraising benefit headed by Frank Sinatra had helped to raise $500. Nevertheless. Colombo had been joined on the speaker's platform by four Members of the House of Representatives. 1971. leader of one of the New York La Cosa Nostra families. On that occasion. Two of those events were the 1971 assassination of crime boss Joseph Colombo and the failed 1962 attempt by Giuseppe Magliocco to eliminate important underworld rivals. but remained in a coma and died 7 years later. The two weapons involved in the two shootings were found lying on the ground.com . When the various people became untangled. approached the speaker's stand and shot Colombo three times in the head. Media coverage had been extensive. had become very friendly with Black criminals and maintained those friendships after his release. who concluded that Jerome Johnson had. carrying cameras and with some press identification. was opposed to the movement. On June 28. and prostitution. The murder of Joseph Gallo is considered "solved. Jerome Johnson. the press in New York City had reported that Joseph Gallo. The murder of Jerome Johnson is still unsolved. As the mass of bodies fell to the ground. been recruited for the assassination by Joseph Gallo.blogspot.000. in the spring of 1978. The strong indication is that Gallo would have been able to recruit Johnson through other Blacks serving as intermediaries…. while in prison. Johnson has been described as a nondescript "loner" who at various times in his criminal career was involved with narcotics. informer-journal. New York City. Colombo underwent emergency surgery. a young Black man. was addressing thousands of people at the second annual outdoor rally of the ItalianAmerican Civil Rights League at Columbus Circle. Prior to the second annual rally. ostensibly as an attempt to obtain civil rights for Italian-Americans. Colombo had formed the league and picketed the FBI building in New York City. the House Select Committee on Assassinations explored what it considered to be relevant events in organized crime. The investigation of both shootings was directed by Chief of Detectives Albert A.
House of Representatives. Appendix to Hearings Before the Select Committee on Assassinations (HSCA). lest the intrafamily dispute escalate further.000 to cover the "expense" of trying to settle the dispute. following the displacement of Magliocco. had turned to an old friend. and Magliocco confessed the plot. His failure to adjust to the times and offer greater incentives and rewards to the young men doing most of his dirty work had led to the outbreak of the Gallo-Profaci gang war. 50-51. U. 1971. Giuseppe Profaci and Giuseppe Magliocco Profaci was a long-time member of the [national Mafia] commission. but to bring it to an end. Washington. At that time. he was to be cast out of the family. (Colombo was rewarded. investigated the complaint. happy for his life. as chairman of the commission. p. who complained to the commission.S.com . he was "fined" $43. in New York City.C. his underboss and brother-inlaw.] Bonanno evidently convinced Magliocco that the best way to get commission support would be to eliminate family leaders Carlo Gambino and Thomas Lucchese and replace them with others more friendly to his and Bonanno's ambitions. D. Government Printing Office. who was also Magliocco's niece).: U. Joseph Colombo.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 35 Colombo Crime Family boss Joseph Colombo was shot several times in the head as his second annual ItalianAmerican Civil Rights League rally opened June 28. [Editor's note: Bonanno's son Salvatore "Bill" Bonanno actually married Giuseppe Profaci's niece and Giuseppe Magliocco's grandniece Rosalie Profaci. for help in gaining recognition as Profaci's successor (Bonanno's son was married to Profaci's daughter. and that because of the plot.blogspot. He died in 1963 of natural causes. Joseph Bonanno. Giuseppe Magliocco. Magliocco gave the "contract" to one of his capos. Profaci died of natural causes. Magliocco. 2nd Session. In late 1962. The commission had ordered the other families not to get involved. by being given leadership of the family. who were concerned over the national media coverage. In addition. Volume IX: Staff and Consultant's Reports on Organized Crime. The matter was troublesome for the other families. Colombo squealed to the intended victims. Magaddino then told him he was not a boss. 55-56. See family tree on Page 7. never having been confirmed by the commission. paid the sum in four installments.S. Profaci had not only been unable to avoid the war. 95th Congress. Source: House Select Committee on Assassinations. informer-journal. 1979.) Stefano Magaddino.
Mafia development. the War decided key outlines of the future structure of the American Mafia. from which Maranzano emerged as victor. Additional articles will deal with Stefano “Steve” Rannelli. against the alleged underworld dictatorship of Joseph “Joe the Boss” Masseria.”2 Barely addressed until now have been informer-journal. the Castellammare War rapidly degenerated into a personal power struggle between Maranzano and Masseria. beginning with Sebastiano “Buster from Chicago” Domingo. the Commission was a key element empowering the Mafia in the years after 1931.S.blogspot.”1 Begun in an effort to oust Masseria from his position as “boss of bosses” of the Mafia. This series will look closely at five of Maranzano’s loyal troops. Dominick “The Gap” Petrelli and Salvatore “Sally Shields” Shillitani.” that helped shape future U. Ultimately replacing the despotic boss of bosses system that ignited the Castellammare War was the Commission. enforcing membership rules and banning activities such as those related to narcotics trafficking. The Commission. At first fought by a core group of immigrant Mafiosi from Castellammare del Golfo. in order to guarantee that no individual leader could predominate. Girolamo “Bobby Doyle” Santuccio.com . as Bill Bonanno explained. Recorded history gave us the names and details of those fighting for Maranzano but not those on Masseria’s side of the struggle. Sicily. a specifical- Sebastiano “Buster” Domingo ly American adaptation used as a collective forum composed of the more powerful Mafia bosses. Maranzano’s victory in the Castellammare War “eventually involved mobs of Italian extraction throughout the United States and it led directly to the evolution of syndicated crime. including Bonanno’s so-called “Boys of the First Day. Tasked with maintaining peace between families. “administered diplomatic policy and ruled by consensus. Yet it was those with Maranzano. involving Al Capone and others.36 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 GUNMEN OF THE CASTELLAMMARESE WAR ‘Buster from Chicago’ revealed to be Sebastiano Domingo By David Critchley First of a series This five-part series examines the life and crimes of the small cadre of killers who won the celebrated Castellammare War of 1930-31 for Salvatore Maranzano and his underworld faction.
9 politan parents in East Harlem. important hits. even if a crime expert. Valachi ran with local burglary gangs Valachi.10 key Castellammare War murders is unique.5 cluding books.” Buster was about 23 mare War participant is a staple of published years of age.S. expressed the commonly held match emerged. therefore.S. the main arena of ders belied the image of the the struggle. Born in 1904 of Neaprompting Buster to seek revenge. a prolific detail the lives of other particamong us.”7 A number of attempts to correct viduals that could generate leads. Abview that the real name of Buster “is still sent also were police records on these indiunknown.” by our sources on these indiwas a virtuoso.” “Buster” has been one of the viduals for us to compare most discussed figures in U. His down in Brooklyn in 1917 in a ganization.” This inforflict and of events outside New York City. Joseph could shoot from identified only by the mysteriStabile. In his autobiography. newspaper arquickest to set up ticles and archival materials. Until the early 1980s.” “Buster was unDiBenedetto from any doubtedly the number one Antonio DiBenedetto gunned killer in the Maranzano ordirection. It was said that Buster “came from before signing up to the cause of Maranzano Chicago and that the mob had killed somein 1930.blogspot. mation turned out as valid. Buster’s identity Attempts to explore in any and the best shot Until recently. New York A few tantalizing details emerged from City. Valachi also supplied history with sequently is not dealt with here. against other research mate. He Maranzano gunman could be ipants in the War.” were central players. Vincent D’Anna.com . in which the Giuseppe “Joe Cago” Valachi is our chief gunman is portrayed as originally from Chiwitness to the events in which these men cago.8 The first bile’s case.Joseph Bonanno Mafia history. where the Capones “killed his father. In Stathis deficiency have fallen flat. Their biogcold-blooded and perfectly raphies have been derived planned gangland executions from a number of sources in“Buster was the of mythology. Insurmountthe machine gun. insuffiCrime family members occupied a world in cient detail existed that permitted an accuwhich trust was often in short supply and informer-journal. fragmentary additional inforpublic naming of “Buster from Chicago” mation was located.” Chandler underputative “Good Killers” case) speciality was scored. Operating almost comthe NYPD’s former organized pletely in the dark. Senate evidence on use as the basis of an article. and ous moniker of “Buster from Calogero “Charlie Buffalo” any angle and 3 (related to the Chicago. we would not know it.”6 able difficulties emerged due Sebastiano Domingo was to insufficient data supplied with which he “Buster from Chicago. rials. Valachi’s own story as a Castellamone in Buster’s family. organized crime history of 1963. The hazards Valachi Sicilian extraction who won the War for Madescribed in setting up and executing murranzano in New York City. The Real accounts of American Mafia history and conThing.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 37 murder by those closest to the unsuspecting the histories of the young men of Neapolitanvictim was accepted. but nowhere enough to came in Valachi’s U. “and he drew all the were frustrated. Ralph Salerno. but was useless but his testimony on who was involved in the without an attached name.4 another important but until now overlooked Valachi’s lowly position in the War has clue to Buster’s identity: he was come under criticism because of the partial “Castellammarese and that’s why the old view it afforded us of the reasons for the conman got him to join in with us.
He could shoot from any angle and from any direction. extended research filled in the blanks. in how own book. and Mattia or Matilda Farina. with which he was a virtuoso. and to Chicago. But. making him a natural ally of Salvatore Maranzano. western Sicily.” mirroring Domingo’s life after the death of his brother Tony in 1929. Giuseppe Domingo. 1913. in 1910. Domingo was no stranger to the use of a shotgun and grew to manhood in a climate in which disputes resolved themselves through the exercise of force. Mattia Farina Domingo.” and that Buster “swore a vendetta. Once this new information emerged.”14 It precisely reflected a particularly traumatic episode in the young Domingo’s life. Sebastiano “Bastiano” Domingo was born 1910 on Senna Street. well before the Castellammare War.”12 Bonanno’s son Bill. entering New York harbor on October 22.blogspot. the son of a farm worker. Port records showed Sebastiano. Moreover. leading to Benton Harbor. Michigan. Castellammare. His speciality was the machine gun.com .”13 Bonanno Family member John Morales told his son that Buster’s family “was wiped out by a bomb. “Buster was the quickest to set up and the best shot among us. with a nickname of “Buster. Domingo family history Sebastiano Domingo was born in Castellammare del Golfo. Tony. Former Mafia boss Joseph Bonanno gave the game away. subsequently recognised Sebastiano Domino as a Castellammare War participant. Buster was “all alone.38 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 rate identification of Buster. Valachi commented that by the time he was recruited by Maranzano. The Domingos headed for informer-journal. his brother. sister and widowed mother.15 First in the Domingo clan to make the journey to New York was the eldest son.”11 During the Castellammare War. specifying Buster as “Bastiano Domingo. aged three.
and murders that were committed there. “known as Death Corner because of the large number of shootings. Tony’s Oak Street. refusing to get excited about the proximity of one more headliner. Capone. “as a farewell to his friends before his departure Friday for a stay in Leavenworth Penitentiary.”21 As if to underline its rest and recuperation function. from Chicago.19 Benton Harbor as a resort proved fashionable with Capone gangsters in the 1920s because of the convenient transportation links. when southwest Michigan was the playground of Chicago gangsters.18 Away from the big-city spotlight. the DiMarias and the Ciaravinos. “there are plants of a capacity fairly comparable to the old-time lawful distillery and all gradations. In Au- informer-journal. They enjoyed the area’s Prohibition Era leisure activities.blogspot.”16 Agricultural opportunities and real estate developments drew in many Italians to Berrien County. usually themselves of immigrant stock and operating in small bands or alone. stabbings. threatening a bombing if their demands were unmet. for several purposes. underworld characters utilized Berrien County. like the Domingos. were from Castellammare and acted as major bootleggers in the area. has ceased to pay much attention to the comings and goings of Capone’s fleet of 16cylinder sedans. and they found the remoteness of the region conducive to criminal activities such as the disposal of murder victims and the operation of moonshine stills. targeted the more prosperous of their paisani for blackmail. The News-Palladium noted in 1931 that Al Capone. “on occasion decides to either hide out locally or enjoy the summer time enjoyments of this locality.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 39 Benton Harbor’s Main Street in the 1920s. Michigan. Chicago. The business of supplying thirsty customers with illegal alky changed in character.” a selfcontained and insulated alcohol manufacturing and selling community existed. They. staffed by relatives by marriage of the Domingos.” the Wickersham Commission reported in 1931.” arranged his going-away party at the Hotel Vincent in the town.” Extortionists. Within the largely Italian section nicknamed “Brooklyn.com . residence. unmolested by law enforcement.”20 “Capone’s presence has become so matter-of-fact here that the local citizenry.”23 Berrien County distilleries helped serve both local and Chicago markets.22 The Domingos and kinsfolk living in Berrien County became deeply embroiled in the bootlegging traffic. “In place of the small still operated by the individual moonshiner.17 Other Italians moved to escape the Chicago variant of the “Black Hand. Chicago was one location where shakedown operators were especially active.
Joseph River. featuring three stills capable of producing 240 gallons of liquor daily.”30 The suspected perpetrator of the bombing. Mary’s body was flung fifteen feet away from the destroyed coupe. for instance. The News-Palladium reported. owned the biggest plant. brother-in-law to Mary Domingo. while she was driving her husband Tony’s Ford Coupe. Gaspare was sentenced twice for offenses under the Prohibition laws.25 On August 24. They were alone in the Riford Street home of Stefano and Katherine DiMaria.” At the rear was another alcohol producing installation.” She was “mutilated almost beyond recognition. Leo’s parents. “a flaming heap of wreckage. Gaspare’s son.” A “Chicago visitor” had left the gun in the house. when Leo “discharged a . Tragedy followed. hidden in a barn. the six-year-old daughter of Mary and Tony. was accidentally shot dead by a single bullet fired by her ten-year-old uncle Leo DiMaria on the last day of 1925. five Sicilians were arrested and a manufacturing installation seized on the St. was one of the largest uncovered in the county. Frank tried to pull out Sam. Louis Veglia. in 1922 and 1924. The police believed that murder was the result of an alcohol feud.blogspot.com . Mary Domingo was blown apart on October 22. Detectives revealed that the bomb was wired to the manifold under the car’s hood. transporting the stuff to Chicago. was blown off at close range in his sleep in April 1929. but succumbed to the fumes that killed his brother. The plant. A bomb planted in the automobile detonated.28 Announced in late April 1927 was “the biggest liquor haul ever made in Berrien County and one of the largest in the state.31 was born in 1901 in informer-journal. 1927. The head of Carlo Ciaravino.24 The Domingos appear to have focused on neighborhood sales.” Leo Ciaravino. At Tony Domingo’s farm.26 The Ciaravino family shared the DiMaria’s appetite for bootlegging profits. jailed in 1924 for up to one year for a liquor violation.27 It was his third such conviction. was the brother of Gas- pare “Jasper” Ciaravino who pleaded guilty in February 1926 to a similar offence and incarcerated for six months. gust 1929. “Then there was an appalling silence and frantic cries no longer came from the interior of the huge circular container.29 Driving back from Benton Harbor to their farm. along with eighteen gallons of alleged liquor and two thousand gallons of alky manufacturing mash in barrels. Sam and Frank DiMaria lost their lives when they fell into a distillery vat containing acid fumes.38 calibre revolver he found hidden among the cushions of a davenport. Matilda Domingo. Tony Ciaravino. 1926. an eighty-gallon distillery was uncovered. Mary and Tony Domingo (left to right) were cut short by violence.40 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 The lives of Matilda.
m.36 Sebastiano was mentioned only once during the inquest proceedings. Described later in the series is his role in the murders of Manfredi Mineo.”37 The News-Palladium declared that Tony’s “vow to avenge the dynamite death of his wife … must remain forever unfulfilled.45 informer-journal. “They paused only to take aim and then fired” at Morello. but the revolver reports were heard.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 41 Acerno. none of them acting alone. Sebastiano Domingo lived in New Castle Township. moved back to Chicago.” Domingo was “asked to get about a half dozen guys” aligned with Masseria.” Joseph Morello (also known as Peter Morello) was cut down by gunfire about 3. the owner of a beer garden on Eighteenth Avenue. and of Pietro Caleca. Older New York City connections emerged through Domingo’s cousin. 1930. furnishing a powerful reason for Sebastiano’s eagerness to join in a war against the Capone-Masseria alliance in New York City. where he shared Mary’s brutal end.41 Surrounded during his formative years in America by a high level of lawlessness and violence in Benton Harbor and Chicago and with the advantage of Domingo’s recent entry into the conflict.40 As of April 1930.42 Ten years later.32 Veglia and Tony Domingo had once been in business together. New York City In Valachi’s unpublished manuscript.39 Valachi received background information on Domingo from Joe Profaci. by a man identified by Valachi as Domingo. on August 15. Brooklyn. Nobody saw the gunmen.”38 Although the murderers were never caught.35 The Cook County coroner heard how Tony had his back to the door of the restaurant when nine shots were fired into his body from the street. himself held as a witness in the murder of Joseph Gionalla allegedly committed in a bootlegging struggle. Sebastiano purportedly believed that Capone was behind Tony’s death. Tony was eating in an Ogden Street restaurant owned by Pasquale Spilotro (father of celebrity Chicago-Las Vegas gangster Tony “The Ant” Spilotro) when he was shot dead on August 29. and was described on his death in Florida as a former “barber/beautician. Morello’s sister.blogspot. as Tony’s brother who met him in front of a West Erie Street candy store “for the past several weeks. Domingo was an excellent addition to the Maranzano stable of shooters.34 Chicago Tony Domingo sold his Riverside Road farm in Benton Harbor and. The case against Domingo and DiGregorio was dismissed in November 1934 in Homicide Court. was arrested in 1924 for counterfeiting. nearer to the upcoming fighting in New York City. Living above the room was Mary Lima. whose father. who heard the din and saw the two assassins disappear into the street outside. the bullets also hitting Giuseppe Piraino and Gaspare Pollaro. It had been the second attempt on Turrigiano’s life. Westchester County. Buster told him “how they killed someone in his family” and that Maranzano “got in touch with him and asked him to join in with him in the war.1929. Italy.44 A key man in the Masseria combine and former Mafia “boss of bosses. Antonio. in 1928. Three men had sat around a table when two men burst into the office on the second floor of 352 East 116th Street. Veglia had fled in a stolen car. Stefano Ferrigno and Joseph Catania. Peter Domingo. Shooting carried on in nearby streets. His wife told detectives investigating the Mary Domingo murder of how Tony Domingo had blamed her for an estrangement from Mary and of how the families had not spoken for a year.33 Tony and Charles were released the following day. The pair was arrested while still looking in vain for Veglia at his store.30 p.43 Domingo’s Castellammare War role Domingo took part in several murders in the War.com . found shot and strangled. Antonio Domingo and Gaspare DiGregorio were booked for the murder of Pietro Turrigiano.” Tony and his brother Sebastiano Domingo opened fire in the Fourth Ward Republican Club while looking for Veglia who escaped through a back door.
if presenting himself as a stranger to Morello. “they pleaded for their lives and they told Buster that they had a couple of kids apiece and they told Buster after all we came here because they sent us here so give us a break and let us go and they promised informer-journal.46 In a previously unreported episode. fresh in New York. Domingo was unknown to Morello. no security blanket existed to insulate him from those out to destroy him. Domingo was assigned by Maranzano to go with another to meet “some people that was supposed to be against the old man.42 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 Carl Sifakis claims that Buster could not have slain Morello because of Morello’s supposed vigilance and. Buster could not have “penetrated Morello’s inner sanctum. the circumstance of the murder made it clear that Morello far from expected an assault. Moreover.com .” However. he could roam across the battlefield with near impunity. Realizing the trap they had walked into.” in order to kill them.blogspot.
“there was no record on Buster when I say no record I mean it was off the police record that Buster got killed. 1933.” Valachi however refused to specify precisely when this occurred. 2008. 1891-1931 New York: Routledge. it was recorded.” before shooting. According to an eyewitness. Valachi stated. Yet despite his relative obscurity over Domingo in the popular imagination. “right after Maranzano died” in a Lower East Side crap game. “Charles (Buster) Dominico. Once the War ended.” Maranzano was gone and his followers immediately went into hiding to await developments. Domingo gained little from Cosa Nostra membership. felt he had no choice but to kill them. Domingo warned Joseph Bonanno that he should leave his apartment “at once.52 Of those in this series. except to say. lungs and aorta. who explained how. the gang leader shouted.” Domingo.51 The Domingo and Ferrara funerals on June 3. To Stefano Rannelli we next turn. on September 10.” (sic) aged twenty-two.com .JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 43 Buster that they would never come back. David Critchley is the author of The Origin of Organized Crime in America: The New York City Mafia.” Salvatore Ferrara subsequently also died. Rannelli performed an arguably more important role in the Castellammare War as the original link in a network of anti-Masseria forces that coalesced to rid the Mafia of Joe the Boss. 1933 attracted over two hundred mourners. “in a poolhall on the Lower East Side.blogspot. corroborated both by his death certificate and graveside headstone. not trusting his unfamiliar companion not to inform against him to Maranzano if he agreed.50 On the night of May 30. Yet like Stefano Rannelli and Girolamo Santuccio. they equally wrongly claimed that there is no record of his murder.”49 Sifakis claimed that Buster was slain in September 1931. four armed men burst into the Castle Café at 72 East First Street and opened fire on those playing cards. “You bunch of rats. including friends and relatives.47 Our final record of Domingo’s actions related to the War comes from Bill Bonanno. Domingo perhaps best matched the media image of the imported assassin unknown to the victim or to police. The slayers ran outside and vanished. 1931.” nickname of Buster and correct name of Sebastiano Domingo.”48 The Murder of Buster from Chicago As others mistakenly assumed that Buster’s life left no trace. informer-journal. Yet the New York archives reported the murder of “Charles Dominico. When the gun smoke cleared. Other writers have added their own elaborations. Domingo was dead on the sidewalk outside the cafe and five others wounded. died of “bullet wounds of both chests. they (like Valachi) moved out of the leadership into roles that made them vulnerable.
“Buster. 1965.S. 1976. p. yet Valachi claimed Buster used such a weapon (OCN. 160. 1927 34 St. his St. 288 11 Bonanno. 66 14 Private communications with Antony Morales. Patrick Downey’s Gangster City. October 24. Magnaghi. 1927 33 News-Palladium. 1 (2006) 6 David Leon Chandler. 2002. 1988. 159-160. Allan May. Gangster City. Sifakis. p. Cook County death certificate no. 30. Valachi.” p. July 26. A Man of Honor. and because of “difficulties in the police department. Jack McGurn and Tony Accardo 39 “The Real Thing.” p.S. 1927. 1924. “Buster from Chicago. 1926 27 News-Palladium. p. Peter Domingo identified the body of Sebastiano in the city morgue (Office of the Chief Medical Examiner. A Man of Honour. Patrick Downey. 1926 28 News-Palladium. e Amici: The Italian Experience in Berrien County 19002004. Jan. Famiglia. vol. New York City Chief Medical Examiner’s Office. Congress. Louis Vieglo. 1983. Organized Crime and the Illicit Traffic in Narcotics: Report. who supplied unstinting support.americanmafia. 45 New York Times. 1930 47 “The Real Thing. Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations.: Greenwood Press. 1927. 333e. a problem exposed by the “clean getaway” the notorious Fred Burke was allowed to make after murdering Charles Skelly (News-Palladium. 1963 (hereinafter OCN) 5 For expositions read David Critchley. The Crime Confederation. David Evanier. 91 no. 22. February 7. 95 of August 38 News-Palladium. informer-journal. testified over 30 years after the events he described. June 22-25. “Fede. case no. New York Times. “Enforcement of the Prohibition Laws of the United States” (1931) p. 333a. 1994. Record Group 60). p. Abromovitz. 2836 35 News-Palladium. 2987 52 New York Times. 29 24 News-Palladium. p. 195-215.” p. The Last Testament of Bill Bonanno. New York: Routledge. vol. Benton Harbor Police Chief Thure Linde resigned in January 1930 because of the modest pay on offer. p. April 17. National Archives. Aug. September 16. July 18. 105 4 Readers interested in the narrative furnished by Valachi should start with Peter Maas’ The Valachi Papers. 1927 31 Various spellings (Louis Veglia. Joseph Herald-Press.” pp. The Real Thing. 16. The Last Testament of Bill Bonanno. Lennert van t Riet and Jill Rauh. while Domingo’s Castellammare birth certificate gives April 1910 16 Robert J. Aug 16. 1929 29 News-Palladium. and in Carl Sifakis.” p. 151 8 Reflected in Dorothy Gallagher’s. October 22. 1930-1931” Global Crime. 30. Aug. Berrien County death certificate no. U. 1931 22 New York Times. East Lansing: State University Press. October 22. 20 18 Berrien County Historical Association. Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States. 1933. Committee on Government Operations. 4-5 19 Illustrating the hurdles confronting the small Berrien County police force in curbing the area’s use by powerful Prohibition era gangsters. Senate. 219. Senate. NewsPalladium. Organized Crime and Illicit Traffic in Narcotics. Westport. 89th Congress 1st Session. 56 9 OCN. 1931 23 U.S. p. 105 13 Bonanno. 1933. Italians in Michigan. 333a 50 “The Real Thing. Aug. A Man of Honor. p. 1891-1931. Organized Crime and Illicit Traffic in Narcotics: Report. All the Right Enemies. 167 10 Joseph Valachi. 1987. Tompkins. 2004. p. p. 2008 and David Critchley.com. Senate. June 10. 197 (1929) 36 Chicago death certificate no. p. CT. New Jersey: Barricade Books. 31. New York: Facts on File. “”Buster from Chicago” – Revealed?” 51 New York Times. 1969. Chicago Tribune. Louis Vijio. case no. 2011. 1929) Inquest no. 1926 26 News-Palladium. 2002) correctly noted that no machine -guns were used in the Ferrigno and Mineo murders. 1914 17 Russell M. 56.” Southwest Review. 2987) 43 FBI report of March 29. June 4. Nov. However. 1930) 20 News-Palladium. New York: Doubleday and Company. The Mafia Encyclopedia. The Mafia Encyclopedia. 17. p. The New York City Mafia.” (News-Palladium. 321 40 “The Real Thing. 1296 (1929) 37 State of Illinois County of Cook Inquest on the Body of Antonio Domingo (Aug. 181. p. Committee on Government Operations. July 1997 15 His grave in New York states that Domingo was born on March 29.S. most extensively in Allan May’s. pp. According to the New York Times (November 6. p. 119 12 Bonanno. p. Congress. Maranzano and the Castellammare War. 1931 21 News-Palladium.S. “The Real Thing” (U. 56. Harper Paperbacks. 333c 41 1930 New York State census 42 The Orlean Evening News. April 29. 1927 30 News-Palladium.44 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 Notes Acknowledgements: Extended thanks go to Steve Turner. 73 3 Joseph Bonanno with Sergio Lalli. 158 7 Ralph Salerno and John S. 1 U. New York Herald Tribune. “Buster from Chicago” – Revealed?” www. Aug. p. “The Mafia Encyclopedia. “ p. p. this contradiction is easy to explain. Louis Vireigilo) 32 News-Palladium. 2003 (first released in 1968) and his open testimony in U. 168). 1929. 1929 25 News-Palladium. was discharged that November due to a failure to modernize his police department. Jan. 24.com . 2 (2006) pp. Congress. The Criminal Brotherhoods. 1929 The place was a hangout for Circus Café Gang members of the caliber of Claude Maddox. Aug 16. New York City. New York: Harper. 7 no. a “guitar case” was used to smuggle the murder weapons into the apartment they were shot from. 69 49 “The Real Thing. 1910. p. 1930). Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. May 31. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press. 1930) Fred Alden. London: Constable.blogspot.). October 24. p. hearings 88th Congress 1st Session. 2001. 12 2 Bill Bonanno and Gary B. Kelly (ed. 333d 48 Bonanno and Abromovitz. Joseph counterpart. July 29. October 22. London: Andre Deutsch. 1. p. 9. The Last Testament of Bill Bonanno. 1930.” p. 321 46 Sifakis. 1965 from New York office titled “Gaspare DiGregorio” 44 Allan May (June 10. in addition.
com .blogspot.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 45 informer-journal.
divorced woman who gets a job on a television talk show. as a relationship coach and as an author. and so we may depend on her to have much original material. comedy clubs. runaway best-seller. great actor/comedian Dick Shawn as a popular nighttime talk show host who self-destructs on stage. as she authored Mafia Son: The Scarpa Mob Family.blogspot. Could you tell us about your other work? Harmon: I began working in television as a writer on the acclaimed late night talk show. The Dick Cavett Show. Three years later. on Lifetime Television.] Informer: Mafia Son was your first venture into the world of organized crime writing. I moved from New York to Los Angeles and wrote the book. written with Priscilla Presley. Searching for a comedian to play an unknown comic who appears on the late-night show as a guest. an ABC-TV comedy variety series on which I was head writer. followed by The New Bill Cosby Show. I remember that Norman Mailer wrote. the shooting of the movie brought together the Mitchum family. for which I won an Emmy Award. “So let us welcome Sandra Harmon to the novelists. Harmon tackled a subject that was quite new to her. and it occupied the number-one spot on the New York Times Best seller list for more than informer-journal. about a young. Real Life Stories. I discovered David Letterman. who had been estranged for many years.A. I cast the late. Informer: Then there was the enormously successful Elvis and Me? Harmon: My next book was the internationally known. I next wrote and produced the first reality television show. It sold nearly one million copies in hardcover and three million in paperback. published by Dutton Books in hardcover and Bantam in paperback. Mitchum's real son Chris Mitchum and his grandson Bentley Mitchum. Promises to Keep tells the story of a family in crisis. then an unknown comedian playing L.com . and she is honest – the eye from which she writes is the eye to which it happened. and then takes over to become the new host of the show. In a case of reality imitating art. I then produced Promises to Keep a CBS television movie starring Claire Bloom and Robert Mitchum. Elvis and Me. A Girl Like Me. That was the story of Elvis Presley and Priscilla Presley. the FBI. She begins with two splendid qualities. She is beautiful. In 2009. and a Story of Betrayal.” I then wrote and produced an NBC-TV movie called Fast Friends. The Wall Street Journal listed it as the tenth largest seller of the 1980s. who finally come together when the grandfather makes amends for leaving the family years earlier.46 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 INTERVIEW ‘Mafia Son’ author Sandra Harmon Interview by Ryan Artis [Editor’s note: Sandra Harmon has achieved success as a television writer and producer.
Four years later. in which we taught women everywhere how to find the “right man. He was 39. Patricia Allen and I then wrote Getting to I Do.” and has been published in hardcover.” Vinny Rizzuto. who simultaneously sobbed for her dead son and heaped praise on her long-time lover. Elvis and Me was then turned into one of the network's highest-rated four hour miniseries of all times.blogspot. The FBI and A Story of Betrayal.” Who was he really? And how could this couple -who demonstrated such deep and obvious love for each other and devotion to their family – be so different than they ap- informer-journal.” I was married to Bozo the Clown. or Puzo. was called by Publishers Weekly in a starred review. the 24-year -old son of Greg Scarpa Sr. Adapted for television by ABC-TV.” begin a healthy sexual relationship. I was 26. “a disturbing. whose real name was Larry Harmon. successful long -term relationship. Chandler. Joey had been shot – gangland style – by his “friend. Informer: And your latest project? Harmon: My new book. begging for help in capturing Rizzuto. there was Linda. Staying Married and Loving It! which teaches couples how to maintain a loving. speaking to the cameras. How did you become interested in the Scarpa story? Do you feel your background helped you to understand and communicate the Scarpa story? Harmon: In 1999. and the “relationship coach” part of me would look back and say I was searching for a father-figure and thought I had found it in a clown. Dr. in 1995. Author Sandra Harmon Informer: Before we go any further.com .JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 47 fifty weeks in both hard and soft cover. Boy was I mistaken! Informer: You went from writing about the “Memphis Mafia” around Elvis Presley to writing about the twisted Mafia world of the Scarpa family. trade paperback and now mass-market paperback. a friend who worked on America’s Most Wanted suggested I watch the show one night when the subject was a young man named Joey Schiro. erotic. a gangster who had killed so many people he was nicknamed “The Grim Reaper. Mafia Son: The Scarpa Mob Family. jagged true-crime thriller worthy of prime Hammett.” But how to explain the obvious affection of this woman as she talked about the man she loved as a marvelous father and devoted “husband. and get engaged by the end of the first year. I just have to ask you: Were you really married to THE Bozo the Clown? How does the “relationship coach” part of you look at that relationship? Harmon: The answer is. putting the paperback of Elvis and Me back on the best-seller list. and Linda Schiro. “yes. Linda appeared to be a heartbroken mother. This was followed by the sequel.
Some of the most gruesome from a forensic intelligence analyst named and malevolent misdeeds were recounted Angela Clemente. these were the tales that seemed informer-journal. no sorrow. After writing two bestGregory part of the book proselling books about the posal and ask him to validate complex issues surrounding modern-day love. Following an iniedition of Mafia Son required to bring her story to tial get-acquainted lunch. and his wife. morally bankrupt. she became angry. her fondness for the not yet know. she seemed to have no moral compass whatsoever. Never would I have help. the book would have to have some – including the most intimate aspects of her relationship with Greg Scarpa. Patricia Allen in an Greg Scarpa. At the end of the day. That greater purpose. which I did. Gregory. helping my surprise he quickly repeople deal with their parplied. the eldest child produced by the union of nowned therapist Dr. ramemos. Although we now. sometimes two was ther communication.48 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 peared? How could they have led such a heinous. Sr. when I told imagined that I would bethis to Linda. and to develop an ability to get them to Since he had worked for his reveal their true selves to father since he was seventeen.. Linda recalled dozens of murders and other lesser crimes and scams Informer: What happened to jump start the that she had experienced – either directly project? or indirectly – through her involvement Harmon: In the spring of 2004. too my Manhattan apartment. even better. about undercover work that Gregther. Linda suggested that I send me. it was too sordid. I was overfinished the book proposal tocome by an urge to tell her gether.” Harmon: My work has long been influenced Informer: You also reached out to Gregory by a ceaseless desire to understand – or at Scarpa. Linda urged me ing work. I wrote Gregory a letter. and to relationship coach.blogspot. moved by Linda's presentation. I learned with Scarpa. My relationship with Linda ended soon afterward and we had no furoccasional threesome – if one man was good. I reasoned. effort to hone my instinctive understandwas already imprisoned. Linda was remarkaenough. However. I became certain incidents and to help a popular and successful us with names and dates. What that might be. through copies of FBI without the slightest trace of remorse. saying he was happy to ticular problems and concerns. she asked me to come entangled in a story of cease all contact with Gregomobsters and murder. Jr. ing of people. Linda reasoned. amoral existence? Informer: So the family relationships first caught your eye? most likely to elicit a smile or a laugh from Linda. Linda had no regret. I began to have serious reservations about dedistory – whatever that story Mass-market paperback cating the time and energy might be. Connie. I did included. curiosity wasn't Naturally loquacious. Jr. I studied for years with the reto write to Gregory Scarpa. In fact.com . for example. If I were to write about such a bly candid with the details of her life story woman. Along with my writing and producHarmon: During this time. least attempt to understand – human behavior. Indeed. Linda and I met weekly at light. But ry.
Greg Sr. and the fact that she lost him in a shooting by his best friend because he was involved in an illicit drug deal didn’t informer-journal. Did Greg Sr. hates him. along with the government’s betrayal of him. even though they live by a different code than we do. which. The more I learned about the level of corruption surrounding the Scarpa family and various law enforcement agencies. The instinctive and generally admirable desire of a son to enter into his father's line of work becomes something strange and ugly when the father is a prolific gangland murderer.’s other three children with Connie. into his crew to protect his son or to make certain that Jr. his information was ignored and he was sentenced to forty years to life and buried away in ADMAX [Administrative Maximum]. Colorado. girlfriends and children are human beings that feel the same feelings as the rest of the human race. and their wives. including those overseen by the federal government. is why Gregory Jr. There. and little Linda. He is allowed no visitors in prison. But I could not. On one side you have a mother who has lost her child. thinks he was the greatest guy in the world and mourns his passing. especially as I could only learn Greg Jr. he learned about terrorist plans for what would turn out to be 9/11. I know that mobsters. the police.blogspot.’s mistress of thirty years. worshipped his father and wanted to follow in his footsteps and joined his father’s crew when he was seventeen.S. Sometimes it was very dangerous as there were many people who didn’t want me to write the story. prosecutors. but Mafia Son took an enormous amount of research. which included criminals. the greater was my outrage. Informer: The family relationships must have been especially complex. Greg Sr.com . but at the same time I realized that the defendant has a very solid point that the victim and his family had done worse to others. when he was incarcerated at Metropolitan Correctional Center in Manhattan. terrorists. bring Greg Jr.’s story through correspondence. who was raised a little princess. the prison system and much more. he might easily murder them without a look back. Greg Sr. His two children with Linda. then betrayed him. By turning a blind eye to what Gregory had risked and accomplished – whether to protect his country or merely to benefit his own cause – the legal system had shrugged off the very notion of justice.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 49 ory had done for the U. if they did the wrong thing. How would you describe the various Scarpa family relationships? Harmon: Dysfunctional. government in 1996. I decided to write the book. Did researching and writing this book raise some of those same moral and emotional dilemmas for you? Harmon: For me it wasn’t a moral or emotional dilemma. the FBI. who was murdered in a drug deal gone bad. I was also knee-deep in the world of crime. except for people who knew him twenty five years ago. Although he gave this shocking intelligence directly to the government. But Greg Sr. two boys and a girl. Just the back and forth of that correspondence took years. manipulated and used his son. loved and feared their father but knew in their hearts that. Connie. has been in prison for more than twenty years and will probably die there. the justice system. Informer: How has the Mafia Son experience to date compared with your other work? Harmon: Writing a book is always difficult. Joey. Linda lost her beloved son. adored him. from Ramzi Yousef who was in the next cell. would always be there to cover his back? Jr. the most secure in the country. Linda Schiro. Informer: The section of your book where you detail a mother’s plea for justice for her deceased son was one of the very few things written in this field that touched me on an emotional level. even murderers.’s wife. a federal prison in Florence. to say the least.
Can you explain Scarpa's involvement in that event? Do you feel that we now know the "whole story"? Harmon: Greg Sr. Although Joey. perhaps I was using him as well. Later. Whatever his transgressions. and indeed our roots had been planted in roughly the same turf. the FBI approached him to go to Mississippi and find informer-journal. how did you approach the basic groundwork of learning the workings of the Colombo Crime Family and organized crime? Was that a difficult process? How long did it take for you to feel comfortable with the organized crime context? Harmon: I was immediately comfortable with Linda. His warnings were ignored. Like a homesick boy writing letters from an unpleasant summer camp. Oddly and endearingly. Nor did it lessen the pain of his wife and little daughter. all while I was trying to write this book. was a “made man” and a Mafia killer. While life had taken us in very different directions. I was also immediately comfortable with Gregory. my father had died when I was eleven. well. One was the search for the bodies of civil rights workers in Mississippi. His death had left a gaping hole in my life – this is typically the case when a child loses a parent. the son. he seemed to warrant further consideration as a human being and a man. his father was a stone cold killer who enjoyed murdering the more than fifty people it is alleged he “whacked. his letters were frequently adorned with smiley faces.com . in the letters we shared. rarely did he complain about prison life or draw attention to the brutal and inhuman conditions faced by inmates. and while Linda had adopted a formidable toughness in adulthood. in 1964. Gregory tried to mask his sadness and despair. had not done worse to others. many of whom tried to intimidate and/or threaten me..] offered to trade information on [Ramzi] Yousef with the government in exchange for leniency. Informer: Your book touches on two major events in America history.” I attended the defendant’s sentencing. Linda's mother had passed away when she was just a nine-year-old girl. she was nonetheless damaged..blogspot. If he was trying to use me. For the most part. It was the truth I was after. I would learn that this is not an uncommon characteristic of convicts. and meeting up with an unsavory cast of characters. They can be enormously charismatic and manipulative.” change her pain. All the men were either dead or in prison. who was also working for the government when. Informer: As someone who had not previously delved into Mafia subject matter. Jr. ultimately providing detailed intelligence on what would eventually result in the September 11 attacks. Each of us had grown up poor in Brooklyn. Vinny was also correct in part. there were only women in the courtroom that day.50 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 “Greg [Jr. Linda called me out of the blue and invited me to sit with her side. which was featured in films like Mississippi Burning. The rest was hard work and endless research. we were not far apart in age.. similarly. such is the will to survive – but I was drawn to Gregory. his story and his plight. of course.
informer-journal. but it was Gregory Scarpa. Yousef was at MCC awaiting trial for his role in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing and the 1995 Philippines Bojinka bombing plot against U. where he was awaiting trial on new. In 1995. He went to the store and purchased a television set. A few days later. and the address of an appliance store owned by a Klansman named Byrd. with Linda. Informer: You also deal with the 9/11 terrorist attack. he was also the nephew of Khalid Sheikh Mohammed. Greg was in a cell next to Ramzi Yousef. a Kuwaiti citizen born to a Pakistani father and a Palestinian mother. a holding jail in Manhattan. which the FBI had set up for him.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 51 out where three civil rights workers murdered by the Ku Klux Klan had been buried. and he was sentenced to forty years to life in prison. While Mr. Jr..S.blogspot. Sr. Linda waited at a hotel while Greg got a gun from the FBI. who learned the truth. and Greg gave the information to the Feds. The film Mississippi Burning also attributed the discovery of the bodies to the Feds. a senior Al-AQaeda official. Byrd told Greg the truth. superseding RICO charges. ultimately providing detailed intelligence on what would eventually result in the September 11 attacks. put a gun in his mouth and a razor blade to his penis and threatened to “off” him if he didn’t come clean about where the bodies were buried.. where he remains. Greg offered to trade information on Yousef with the government in exchange for leniency. Byrd was putting the TV into the back of the car Greg had gotten from the FBI. he was transferred to MCC. There he tied up Byrd. Gregory Scarpa. from Mississippi to Miami Beach to celebrate Linda’s uncle’s wedding. How did that event relate to the Scarpas? Harmon: Gregory. Greg overpowered the man and drove him to a remote cabin. airliners. fully expecting to be murdered there. (left) and Greg Scarpa. Greg and Linda flew to Mississippi. the FBI announced the discovery of the three dead boys and congratulated themselves for the find. had been in prison for years. His warnings were ignored. Sr. got paid for the job – though not much – and then flew.com . After a few false starts. Jr.. along with his brother Frank and fifteen other mob members.
of getting “too close”? Harmon: I believe I had to become close to Gregory. helped the government because he was hoping for a lesser sentence. Crimes. as mob members can also do both a Mafia member and as heroic acts. from everyone who thought they could get a piece of the pie. Sr. father and son Most notably he wrote extensively about took great pride in working for the governhis father's corrupt and violent relationment: Greg Sr. In some warped way. through the stringent rules of his incarceration? Harmon: Our correspondence began slowly. was not allowed to receive the book in prison so he never read it. Informer: Writers have been known to get emotionally close to their subjects. Because all of the nonlegal mail that Gregory sent or received was opened. sending much of our mail through a trusted attorney that I knew. He sent me hundreds of pages of notes about his life: tales of his youth.. Jr. of course. It Informer: Have you received any feedback from Gregory Scarpa. who actually did attempt to sue me but eventually withdrew her suit. if any. as far as I tions. Gregory. or from any of his relatives on the book? Harmon: Gregory Jr. had nothing to hide. Jr. Other feedback included threatened lawsuits to me and to St. the warden would reject their request on the grounds that Gregory was simply too dangerous. Jr. but soon escalated in frequency and intensity. Gregory was eager to cooperate. when a reporter or broadcaster attempted to interview Gregory in prison. The father won. often spoke with me. Jr. found out where the bodies ship with his FBI handler. Do you feel that happened to you? Can you discuss the advantages/ disadvantages. but his friends who did read it told him about it and he wrote me that he was thrilled and proud of me. Consequently. betrayal and murder won’t accept that the gov– here was the whole sordid. alt- informer-journal. Informer: What was it like communicating with Gregory Scarpa. tentatively. each man. in order to tell his story. his father's Harmon: Most people don’t control over him. but also because he wanted to prove himself to be heroic. the son lost. the reporters. ernment and/or the FBI can bloody history of the Scarpa Greg Scarpa. which are in their own selfscams..blogspot. R. who knew of my relationship with Gregory. read. got paid and felt like a hero. Martin’s Press. Sr. schemes. following in his father’s footsteps. could tell. be complicit in these situafamily. I became Gregory's conduit to the outside world. Typically.com . ied. censored – and often simply kept from him – we learned to communicate in code. even occasionally to become part of the story they are telling. and how he want to believe that violent joined Greg Scarpa.. This included Linda Schiro.52 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 Informer: At various times the veracity of those two tales has been questioned. since he wanted his story out in the open. They also can’t or divorces. interests. Gregory Jr. What is your take on the resistance of so many to concede that the Scarpas actually were involved in these matters? seemed ludicrous: Charles Manson could be interviewed… but not Gregory Scarpa.. marriages.. Lindley of the three civil rights workers were burDeVecchio. even those an FBI informant.
he told me that he had never murdered anyone and I believed him. ridiculed in local newspapers for lacking the journalistic credentials of a “real crime writer. she was frightened.A to drop the case because the credibility of Linda Schiro. While I was writing “Mafia Son. Informer: How would you rate the credibility of Linda Schiro? Has she been unfairly treated? Harmon: Linda has not been unfairly treated. in part because of a confidential affidavit I had submitted to the office attesting to a murder that Linda had discussed with me – a crime allegedly involving DeVecchio. I was and am seeking justice for him. was dead. and that certain terrorist factions – through contacts in federal custody – had gained access to my address and phone number. which her own son committed on his father’s orders and DeVecchio’s recommendation. Linda is fortunate she was not indicted for perjury. from a source at the Brooklyn District Attorney’s office. She is now featured on a television informer-journal.” denigrated in cyberspace with the greatest venom generated on a website known as the “Friends of Lin DeVecchio. and she was relying on DeVecchio for a number of things. She told the court that DeVecchio was complicit in four murders. and I didn’t want them to have them. I was also warned that in all likelihood my phone line had been tapped.blogspot.000 to hire a First Amendment lawyer to protect me. Informer: Journalists Tom Robbins and Jerry Capeci also became key figures in the trial of Lin DeVecchio. They say that they only remembered the tape during the trial. including protection and money. when the details of the affidavit were leaked to the press. was in shreds. I believe she lied to Robbins and Capeci ten years earlier because Greg Sr. a respected journalist.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 53 hough I never met him in person and only spoke to him on the phone twice.” and denounced in a book by a former undercover FBI agent. I was encouraged to exercise extreme caution in all correspondence. I certainly understood how he became who he was. intimidated by the FBI. thereby causing the D. Finally. However. I was subpoenaed and called as a witness by both the prosecution and the defense in the sensational murder trial of Lin DeVecchio. She told Robbins and Capeci he was complicit in only one murder. fished it out of an old storage room and Tom Robbins brought it into court just in the nick of time. that she had a sexual affair with DeVecchio after Greg Sr. However.” the Brooklyn District Attorney's office opened an investigation of DeVecchio.com . the prosecution’s star witness. This led to months of my being threatened by Mafia types. As a result. but then learned. And because he did help the government and they threw him under the bus. that he had privately confessed to murdering twenty-six people. all hell broke loose. with stories in major newspapers naming me specifically as the instigator of the DeVecchio investigation. She also told John Connolly. in which she said the DeVecchio was not complicit in three out of the four murders that were mentioned on the tape. What do you think of their involvement? Harmon: Both those men are top-notch crime reporters and journalists. It is difficult for me to believe they “forgot” they had a tape of an interview with Linda Schiro they made ten years earlier when they were attempting to write a book with her.’s death. for fifteen minutes each. It also cost me $10. Informer: How deeply did you become involved in the legal matters surrounding former FBI agent Lin DeVecchio? Did you feel that you crossed the journalistic "line" in that case? Harmon: “Crossed the line” is an understatement. as the defense wanted to get all my files on the subject.
show called, I Married a Mobster. Informer: Many are critical of the role of informants and cooperating witnesses in organized crime cases. Some in law enforcement seem to feel the ends - removing dangerous men from the streets - justify the means. Others feel differently. Greg Scarpa and Gregory Scarpa, Jr., both served as informants as well as powerful underworld figures. Has your experience with the Scarpa story left you with any opinions on the practices of law enforcement and prosecutors? Harmon: My experience with the Scarpa story has caused me to shed a great deal of innocence regarding who the bad guys are and who the good guys are. I know that
most if not all prosecutors, if they are ambitious, do what they have to do to win their cases because winning is the way they “make their bones,” i.e. move up in their profession. Also, I am not surprised that in relationships like those of Scarpa Sr. and Lin DeVecchio result in corruption. DeVecchio, an FBI agent who didn’t earn a great deal of money, was around Scarpa, who did, and became corrupted, if he wasn’t already getting a slice of the pie from his other informants. Both Linda Schiro and Gregory Jr told me in separate interviews the same info about DeVecchio; how he was on the take and gave Scarpa Sr. information on whom to murder. Gregory Jr. was the bookkeeper for his father; cut up the money and gave his father the split for DeVecchio. DeVecchio used to come to
The Scarpa Mob Family, The FBI, and A Story of Betrayal By Sandra Harmon. “An epic true story of crime and betrayal.” Available in hardcover, mass market paperback, audiobook and Amazon Kindle. This interview of author Sandra Harmon was conducted by Informer contributor Ryan Artis. A California resident, Ryan is a longtime organized crime researcher and comoderator of an Internet American Mafia discussion group on Yahoo! Groups (groups.yahoo.com/group/ americanmafia/)
Peer inside the mind of an FBI informant-handler
We’re Going to Win This Thing is billed as “the riveting front-page news story of an FBI agent falsely accused of ordering four mob hits.” However, what this book mostly is in fact is a disturbing look inside the mind of an FBI informant-handler who spent too much of his career in a legal “Twilight Zone” and as a consequence may have lost touch with the fundamental principles of right and wrong. The book also provides a window into the shockingly dysfunctional relationships among federal law enforcement and local and federal prosecutors within New York City. At its most basic, We’re Going to Win This Thing is a law enforcement horror story – a nightmare for those who like to or need to imagine law enforcers and prosecutors wearing white hats and acting beyond reproach. The charges against former FBI agent Lindley DeVecchio remain unproven in a court of law, and it appears they never will be proven in a court of law. So, under our judicial system, DeVecchio is innocent of those charges. That simply is a fact. To state or to imply anything else with regard to the legal charges is a violation of DeVecchio’s rights and a betrayal of our core American values. On the other hand, readers of his book are bound to reach the conclusion that he is guilty of less formal offenses, including cooperation and friendship with organized criminals, engagement in petty personal vendettas, and an extreme arrogance that excuses otherwise unacceptable behavior as long as it is performed by DeVecchio himself. Agent DeVecchio was instrumental in the FBI’s successes against New York crime families beginning in the late 1970s. He was a participant in the landmark Mafia Com-
We’re Going to Win This Thing: The Shocking FrameFrame-Up of a Mafia Crime Buster By Lin DeVecchio and Charles Brandt
mission case in the next decade. And, as leader of two FBI organized crime squads, he worked with a team of agents and a number of underworld informants to extract valuable information on both the Bonanno and Colombo Crime Families. DeVecchio gained a great deal of inside information on the Mob through his long-term relationship with longer-term FBI informant and Colombo Family gunman Greg “the Grim Reaper” Scarpa. In later years, a number of DeVecchio’s colleagues began suspecting that he was too close to Scarpa. Investigations were launched. In the spring of 2006, about a decade after DeVecchio’s retirement from the FBI, he was formally indicted in Brooklyn for participating in four gangland killings in the 1980s and 1990s. After unsuccessful defense efforts to shift the charges to federal court, the case came to trial in Kings County, New York, the following year. It ended abruptly on November 1, 2007, as state pros-
ecutors dropped all charges following damaging revelations about a key prosecution witness. We’re Going to Win This Thing is a DeVecchio memoir, penned with the help of Charles Brandt (author of I Heard You Paint Houses). It has a few obvious purposes, including rehabilitating the former FBI agent’s reputation, slinging mud at his personal enemies and acquiring the funds to pay off what must be an enormous legal bill. Whether it has helped with the attorney’s tab is uncertain. The book does succeed in getting some mud on a number of people. But it fails miserably at putting the proverbial white hat back on DeVecchio’s head. In its opening chapters, the book’s organization is bothersome. While the reader is understandably most concerned with the charges brought against DeVecchio and with his well-publicized troubling statement, “We’re going to win this thing,” the narrative bounces around in time quite a bit and incorporates a number of lengthy adoring comments by DeVecchio’s colleagues before settling in to the main discussion. Around Page 230, DeVecchio finally gets around to discussing the 1992 statement that caused his colleagues to believe that he had taken sides in a Colombo Crime Family civil war. Upon learning that aging Mafioso Lorenzo Lampasi had been murdered outside his home – most likely by DeVecchio’s friend Greg Scarpa – DeVecchio slapped his desk and exclaimed, “We’re going to win this thing.” It seems likely that the authors intended their early non-linear narration to place the Brooklyn charges in the context of DeVecchio’s career as a decorated law enforcement professional and to create in the reader a foundation for DeVecchio’s later insistence that his “We’re going to win this thing” comment referred somewhat abstractly to law enforcement efforts to break up organized crime in New York rather than to the concrete fact placed before him at that moment, that his friend Scarpa had murdered a rival. “What I meant was that the fighting in-
side the Colombo Family was going to help us – the FBI – win the war against the Colombos by providing us with tons of defectors and intelligence.” Even presented in that dramatic context, his explanation comes across as contrived and silly. About fifty pages after the first mention of “We’re going to win this thing,” DeVecchio shifts from claiming he was misunderstood to dismissing his apparent partisanship as no crime and no reason for concern: “Is that cheering for the Persico faction in the first degree or the second degree?” DeVecchio doesn’t dispute his friendship with Scarpa or his murky relationship with the Mafia. He states early in the book, “My day-in and day-out enemy – and to a large extent my friend – was the Mafia.” About FBI confidential informants in general, he writes, “You treat them like friends, in part as a tactic and in part because you mean it.” Later, he reveals that his friendship with Scarpa extended to Scarpa acquiring a Cabbage Patch doll for the niece of a DeVecchio friend. DeVecchio attempted to pay Scarpa for the doll, but Scarpa objected. “He slapped my hand away and gave me an insulted look. He really looked hurt. He wasn’t taking it back and would not accept any money. I didn’t pursue the matter since I knew to do so would have been a sign of disrespect and a big glitch in our friendship.” DeVecchio further notes that the bond between the two men went beyond the bounds of their FBI handler-informant relationship. When FBI higher-ups ordered DeVecchio to “close” Scarpa as a confidential informant, communication between the two continued “because of the relationship I had with him, a friendship that survived his closing.” While appearing to miss the point himself, DeVecchio helps the reader to understand the conflicts of interest inherent in the FBI’s use of confidential informants. In an early DeVecchio-Scarpa discussion, Scarpa explained that he preferred the rank of Mafia soldier to anything higher. DeVecchio
the reader is left with strong suspicions that he repeatedly strayed “over the line.’s office “book writers.” who merely want to try cases so they can profit through book deals). Agents like DeVecchio paid little attention to the crimes of smaller fries like Scarpa as long as those smaller fries were providing information on the big shots. Several governmental agencies have reason to believe otherwise. He had us figured out. an informer must have some incentive to take on the risk inherent in assuming this role. Information trading on a ‘friend-to-friend’ basis is an important. Weinstein are introduced in an effort to show the acceptability of FBI policies and DeVecchio’s methods.blogspot.Lindley DeVecchio notes. Gregory Jr. as the target attempts to eliminate both his known rival and suspected FBI informants.. and it does seem a logi- informer-journal. and at times vital. though they fall a bit short of that goal: “Associations between investigatory agencies and their informants are often necessarily characterized by fraternism. Other murders can result from that practice. means for these agencies to insure a productive flow of reliable information… As a practical matter.JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 57 “My day-in and day-out enemy – and to a large extent my friend – was the Mafia. DeVecchio also discusses the FBI practice of providing warning to the targets of planned hits brought to the Bureau’s attention. and a group of FBI agents he charges with caring more about doing things according to regulations than about doing things according to DeVecchio’s well-tested methods. “I had to laugh. Investigative agencies utilizing informants routinely tolerate and sanction some continuing criminal activity…” While DeVecchio delights in Weinstein’s point.” . federal and state prosecutors (he calls attorneys in the Kings County D. except to note that DeVecchio provides a great deal of detail about how and why he was “framed” by a combination of enemies in the underworld and among the law enforcement and prosecution communities.A. As DeVecchio pleads himself innocent of any wrongdoing.” The former FBI agent insists that he did not tip off Greg Scarpa’s son. DeVecchio admits that he ignored murders he suspected or knew had been performed by his friend Scarpa.com . We practically threw soldiers and associates back in the water. which includes at least one judge. ‘Is closing Scarpa going to prevent the man from doing hits? …Right now he’s a source we can rely on…’” The reader is likely to wonder just what crimes the FBI was trying to fight while the chief of its Colombo and Bonanno squads was closing his eyes to gangland slayings. that he was soon to be indicted. The former agent apparently has a long list of enemies. protected Scarpa from prosecution on at least one less serious offense and argued against even the closing of Scarpa as an FBI-paid informant while the Scarpa body count rose alarmingly: “I argued with [my boss Don] North. The several murders DeVecchio was accused of participating in will not be discussed here. he acknowledges that the same judge was critical of the DeVecchio relationship with Scarpa.” The FBI focused its attention on Mafiosi of the capodecina (lieutenant) rank and higher. Statements by Brooklyn Judge Jack B.
Against a charge that he was leaking secret information to journalist Jerry Capeci.com informer-journal. He and journalist Tom Robbins abandoned the journalistic principle of protection of sources at just the right moment for DeVecchio. He grades the charge “as spurious as” another charge lodged against him.” Between his unconvincing denials and his relentless attacks. Capeci actually is a key figure in We’re Going to Win This Thing (his name occurs forty-eight times in the book). He claims that he suspected others of leaking information to Capeci. Schiro telling a contradictory story for a book project the three had been working on.blogspot. Greg Scarpa’s longtime mistress. DeVecchio indicates that he did no such thing. “To two other writers whose significance and valor will become clear to the reader. That Scarpa expected to learn something from his FBI handler implies that information regularly flowed from DeVecchio to Scarpa. thank you Jerry Capeci and Tom Robbins. He quotes a staffer who recalled about a dozen calls from Capeci to the FBI and estimated that more than half were referred to the media office. though most of his statements come across as non-denial denials: He states. Capeci and Robbins turned over to the court tape recordings they had made of Ms. But DeVecchio admits to a hazy recollection on the subject and acknowledges that Scarpa may have telephoned him to ask about the informant.” DeVecchio denies providing information about an underworld informant to Scarpa. MAKE HISTORY Informer seeks well-written and carefully documented articles on crime history. He admits to seeking answers to questions asked of him by Capeci but insists he did so out of his own curiosity and never called Capeci back with the answers. 1980s and 1990s. apparently. please contact us at informerjournal@gmail. DeVecchio does provide a decent history of the Colombo Crime Family civil war and other Mob-related events of the 1970s. and now that Scarpa is no longer among the living there is no fear that his denial will be contradicted.58 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 cal thing for DeVecchio to do for his “friend. for example. The CapeciRobbins revelation left the Kings County District Attorney’s office no choice but to drop the charges against DeVecchio.com . DeVecchio states in his book’s acknowledgments. was testifying in the DeVecchio trial. If you would like to have your work published in the Informer quarterly journal. But the true worth of his book will be realized by those who are critical of the FBI’s use of confidential informants. For this. that there is “no evidence” that he did so. As key prosecution witness Linda Schiro.
The first chapter presents the story of Bulger's life and career. (This obviously is a typographical error.blogspot. the authors state that Filippo Buccola took over as Boston Mafia boss upon the death of Gaspare Messina. as well as members of the regional Mafia. California. Twenty pages deeper into the chapter. The authors. biographies and even autobiographies and they suggest that their book be employed as a "scorecard to use while getting to know the players.com .JANUARY 2012 INFORMER 59 BOOK REVIEW A quick-moving tour of Boston’s underworld history Inspired by the capture of longtime fugitive racketeer James "Whitey" Bulger. Messina's writeup states that he was born in 1897. The Boston Mob Guide is a concise retelling of major Boston-area gangland occurrences in light of recent developments. The authors note that Messina informer-journal. both accomplished Bostonarea journalists. authors Beverly Ford and Stephanie Schorow have assembled a quick-moving 160-page book that puts Bulger into his historic and geographic context. beginning with his 1929 birth in Dorchester and concluding with his stunning June 2011 capture in Santa Monica. The second chapter deals with the major figures in the Hub's competing criminal organizations. A bit of sloppiness is evident in the chapter. the Flemmi brothers of the Winter Hill Gang. acknowledge that much of the local underworld history has been covered in other chronicles. In between." It actually is a good deal more than a mere scorecard. it is an enjoyable and informative primer on Boston organized crime for a general readership market. Hoodlums & Hideouts By Beverly Ford and Stephanie Schorow time friendship with FBI informant handler John Connolly). It includes the life stories of the major underworld players and abundant black and white photographs (more than eighty of them) of relevant people and places. Jewish crime figures and some other shady characters who have called the Boston region their home. All in all. the authors explain Bulger's helpful connections to government (his younger brother William became a Massachusetts state legislator) and law enforcement (he established a long- The Boston Mob Guide: Hit Men. In addition to Bulger and his underworld cronies in the infamous Winter Hill Gang. the Wallace brothers of the Gustin Gang. Biographical writeups and photograhs are provided for such notable figures as rumrunner Charles "King" Solomon. the authors examine the major players and events in the New England Mafia. the authors correctly state that Messina actually survived two and a half decades after turning the reins over to Buccola. as well as various Irish mobs. After leading off with a section on Gennaro Angiulo and his brothers.
town to the various gangland killings in Chinatown. He explained—and other records confirm— that his parents were Providence residents for some time before his birth. The Boston Mob Guide is sure to be enjoyed by those with an interest in the seedier side of Olde Towne history. A birth year of 1897 would have had him married at eight years old. on June 22. New York. the authors misplace his move to Boston in 1918. an image of Charles Solomon dining with friends. as Messina's son Vito was born in Boston in April of 1915. but they are unlikely to detract in any way from the reading experience of the target audience.S. Patriarca contradicted that tale way back in 1959 during testimony before the U. Attention is given to several incidents involving "Whitey" Bulger. when he actually was succeeded by New York Mafioso Salvatore Maranzano at that time. Readers will find discussions of events ranging from the 1950 Brinks Heist on the North End to the 1978 Blackfriars Massacre down- James “Whitey” Bulger (shown above in a 1955 Miami Beach.blogspot. Photos and writeups describing the homes. restaurants and nightclubs of gangland characters are sure to be of interest to Boston locals. The book's final chapter is devoted to a brief discussion of the portrayal of Boston mobsters in fictional films. to Providence. Sources. Messina's short term as interim boss of all bosses of the American Mafia near the end of the underworld's Castellammarese War is clumsily described. Rhode Island. California. mugshot) is the central focus of The Boston Mob Guide by Beverly Ford and Stephanie Schorow. when Patriarca was three years old. Unfortunately. the authors continue a journalistic legend regarding the Patriarca family's relocation from Worcester. offices. The book's third chapter takes readers on a tour of underworld "Hangouts and Hideouts" in the Boston area.60 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 and his wife arrived at Ellis Island in 1905. A six-inch by nine-inch trade paperback. Senate's McClellan Committee.com . the book joins a quickly growing list of regional histories published by The History Press. Its cover features several mugshots. Index and About the Authors fill the remaining pages. While correctly noting that Messina settled first in Brooklyn. the title is not yet available for e-readers. Concise reports of "Hits and Heists" and related photographs fill the fourth chapter. but his mother would return to her mother's home in Worcester to give birth to their babies. The Boston Mob Guide is attractively designed. It must have occurred several years earlier. These and other small errors may provoke an occasional eyebrow-raise or headshake from those particularly well versed in Boston criminal history. Bulger had been a fugitive from justice for sixteen years.. Readers may be left with the incorrect impression that Messina continued in the boss of bosses role past the summer of 1931. In a section on Raymond L.) Messina's birth year was 1879. 2011. Afterword. like the Kindle or Nook. Massachusetts. Interior pages are laid out with photographs comfortably accompanying the relevant text. plus photographs of an Irish mob hit and Solomon's funeral.S. Patriarca. Florida. informer-journal. Bulger and his longtime girlfriend Catherine Greig were captured by authorities in Santa Monica.
and written with an eye for the truths that have remained largely hidden. and soon the Progressive movement that battled urban decay led to the unintended consequences of increased police and political corruption. the development of crime labs. exhaustively researched.Laura James. The Complete Public Enemy Almanac impressively manages to break new ground in a well -tilled field by offering previously unpublished stories and photos from the gangster era. and organized crime established nationally. The same forces that reshaped society also changed the face of crime. it was between 1920 and 1940—the roller-coaster years when a rural nation became urbanized and the nineteenth century finally gave way to the twentieth. . Crime Historian. drunkenness transformed from a workingclass vice to middle-class rebellion.” . Meticulously documented. and the revolution in crime control. lavishly detailed. Clews the Historic True Crime Blog If American crime had a golden age.“Few crime encyclopedias pass my rigorous test—to go beyond the well-known and wellworn stories and into the lesser-known but often just as absorbing tales of minor-league criminals. The Complete Public Enemy Almanac provides a reliable source of information about the violent and lawless gangster era.
blogspot.com .64 INFORMER JANUARY 2012 informer-journal.
60 pgs. Boston Mafia. Winkeler and Moran. SEP— 2008 SEP—The Mob's Worst Year. Eastern State Penitentiary.New England Chart. Gangster Tommy Carroll. OCT— 2009 OCT—Castro and the Casinos. JUL— 2009 JUL—1909 Mafia Murder in Danbury. 1957. Chicago Informants. Bonanno Membership Chart. 48 pgs. OCT—Gaspare Messina. 56 pgs. APR— 2010 APR—Morello-Lupo Counterfeiting Trial. 60 pgs. 1891 Lynchings. Sack Murders. Electronic format issues also are available through http://www. OCT 2010 OCT—Al Capone in Philadelphia. Scranton Bank Robbery 1870. Joe Masseria. Both formats can be purchased online through the MagCloud service ( informer. 2011 OCT . 80 pgs.magcloud. Capone's Triggerman Kills Michigan Cop. Chicago Outfit Membership Chart. ‘Uncle Al’ Capone. Tribute: Rick Mattix. Joseph Petrosino. Raymond Patriarca. 56 pgs. Pittsburgh Mafia Membership Chart. New Orleans and Dallas Charts.19431944ISSN print 1943-7803. JAN— 2009 JAN—Martyr. Counterfeiters’ Nemesis William Flynn. Early New Orleans Gang War. Cleveland Membership Chart. APR— 2011 APR—Men of Montedoro. 76 pgs.com/Informer%20Jou Informer%20Jour the Scribd service ( http://www. Chicago Informants.scribd. 56 pgs. The Masserias of Cleveland. 48 pgs. Part 2. JAN— 2011 JAN—Test of Resolve: John Bazzano. Part 1. First Dinner with Mickey Cohen. JUL— 2011 JUL—Hoover Mafia Denials. APR— 2009 APR—The Dreaded Anthony D'Andrea. Profaci Chart. 84 pgs. 48 pgs. Buccellato’s Bushwick Crew. Philadelphia Mafia Chart.com/Informer%20Journal) . JUL— 2010 JUL—DiGiorgio of Los Angeles. Mob's Worst Year. Gambino Membership Chart. 64 pgs. JAN— 2010 JAN—To Kill the Irishman. Pittston Mafia Chart. Mafia of Dallas. Jack Ruby in Cuba. 1957. 1928 Convention. Providence ‘Clubs’. Kansas City Mafia Membership Chart.scribd. Interview: Helmer. Chicago’s Early Mafia Bosses. Part 1. electronic 1944-8139 Back issues of Informer remain available in print and electronic formats. 56 pgs. Genovese Chart.com ).