Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew

In the Modern Hebrew Script Part One - The Alphabet
Introduction Introduction The Alephbet Lesson 1 Lesson 1 (Aleph, Beyt) Lesson 2 Lesson 2 (Mem, Yud) Lesson 3 Lesson 3 (Nun, Hey) Lesson 4 (Lamed, Vav) Lesson 5 (Resh, Shin) Lesson 6 (Ayin, Tet) Lesson 7 (Tav, Dalet) Lesson 8 (Tsade, Quph) Lesson 9 (Chet, Kaph) Lesson 10 (Zayin, Pey) Lesson 11 (Gimel, Samech) Lesson 12

Part Two - Basic Sentence Structure Structure

Part Three - Biblical Hebrew Word and Sentence Construction
Introduction Prefixes, suffixes and infixes Lesson 1 Lesson 2 Lesson 3 Lesson 4 Lesson 5

Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew
Introduction WHY LEARN HEBREW?
There are many reasons to learn Hebrew such as to read the Tenach (the Old Testament of the Bible written in Hebrew) in its original language or simply to learn how to pronounce Hebrew words such as those in Strong's Concordance without having to use the transliterations. Probably the most advantageous reason to learn Hebrew is the ability to understand the original author's words, rather than through the translators opionion of the author's words. Learning the Hebrew language can be both fun and exciting. By simply studying the pages to follow for just a few minutes a day you will soon be reading Hebrew and be building a small vocabulary of Hebrew words and phrases.

THE HEBREW ALEPHBET
English uses the word "Alphabet" which is the first two letters of the Greek Alphabet; Alpha and Beta. Hebrew on the other hand uses "Alephbet" as they are the first two letters of the Hebrew Alephbet; Aleph and Bet. The Hebrew alephbet consists of 22 consonants and no vowels. The vowels are dots and dashes added above and below the consonants. One advantage to Hebrew is that the sound for each letter remains the same unlike English where one has to memorize many variations such as the word circus where one "c" is pronounced like an "S" and the other like a "K".

DIRECTION OF READING
Unlike English which is read from left to right, Hebrew is read from right to left just as many other semitic languages such as Arabic. This may sound difficult but in a very short time you will get used to it. When sounding out a word it will be easier if you remember the Consonant (C) and Vowel (V) patterns. In English the consonants and vowels may be arranged in any order such as in the word "circle" which has the following pattern; C-V-C-C-C-V. Hebrew on the other hand is very consistent in that a vowel always follows a consonant (except the final consonant which may or may not be followed by a vowel), such as in the following words "Melek" (king) C-V-C-V-C; "Meleko" (his king) C-V-C-V-C-V and "Hamelek" (the king) C-V-C-V-C-V-C. The Yud (Y) is another exception to this as it can be a consonant acting as a vowel, just as our English "Y".

MODERN AND ANCIENT HEBREW
The pronunciation of some of the consonants and vowels have changed over the centuries but this does not affect the meaning of words so we will learn to pronounce them according to the modern Hebrew. Modern Hebrew pronunciation is also divided into two parts, Ashkenazie and Sephardic. Since Sephardic is the pronunciation adopted by the State of Israel, we will also use this pronunciation.

THE LESSONS
Each lesson includes new consonants, vowels, a practice section, new vocabulary words and sentences. The practice session will allow you to practice the new letters and vowels and refresh yourself on old ones. The vocabulary section will consist of a few words using the new letters and vowels to begin building your Hebrew vocabulary. The Sentences will allow you to begin using your new words in sentences. To assist you in learning the letters and words, I recommend that you put the letters and words you are learning on flashcards so that you can study them at any time.

Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew
Alephbet

Some common confusions between letters

The alephbet in handwritten form

Biblical Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew
Lesson 1

Consonants
The "aleph" is the first letter of the Hebrew alephbet. This consonant is silent.

The "beyt" is pronounced two ways, a "b" as in ball, and as "v" as in visit. A dagesh (a dot in the middle of the letter) indicates that the letter will have the "b" sound, while the abscence of the dagesh indicates the "v" sound. When the beyt is prefixed to a word it means "in".

Vowels
This vowel, which is placed under the consonant, is pronounced "a" as in father. Since the aleph is silent, this consonant/vowel combination would be pronounced as "a". (Note: The aleph here is not part of the vowel, it is simply used here to show the placement of the vowel only)

This vowel is also pronounced "a" as in father.

Practice .1 .2

Vocabulary Came Father .1 .2

Sentences Father Came. .1

Practice . This vowel is pronounced "e" as in grey. The pronunciation does not change.2 . When the yud is added at the end of a word it means "of me" or "my".Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 2 Consonants The "mem" is pronounced "m" as in mother.1 . Vowels This vowel is pronounced "i" as in machine. The "final mem" is the form of the letter used when at the end of a word. The yud is pronounced "y" as in yes.

2 . .4 Sentences Who came? My father came.1 .1 .Vocabulary Mother Who My mother My father .2 .3 .

For instance. Notes 1. "a" and "an" which also do not exist in Hebrew and must be added in the translation. 3. 4. English has two indefinite articles. When the "hey" is suffixed to the end of a word it makes the word feminine. The final syllable of most Hebrew words is accented by pronouncing the final Consonant-Vowel-Consonant as a syllable. The vocabulary word below "ba'ah" is the feminine form of the masculine verb "ba'" (came) which was introduced in lesson 1. The English verb "to be" and its various tenses such as "am". Practice . The "hey" is pronounced "h" as in hello. the word for "I".Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 3 Consonants The "nun" is pronounced "n" as in no. "is" and "are" do not exist in Hebrew and need to be added in the translation.1 . 2. is pronounced "a-niy" rather than an-iy. When it is prefixed to the front of a word it is the definite article meaning "the". The "final nun" is the form of the letter used when at the end of a word. The pronunciation does not change. in the vocabulary list below.

4 .2 .3 .2 .6 .3 . Who is she? The prophet came.8 Sentences Where is my father? I am a father. .2 .7 .1 .5 .1 ..4 .3 Vocabulary I Where Son She Prophet Came (f) What The .

What is a prophet? My son came.6 . .5 .

This vowel is pronounced "e" as in elephant. In some languages. this letter would be pronounced "hin-ney-niy" rather than "hi-ney-niy". When the dagesh (the dot in the middle of a letter) is placed within some letters. 4. such as Spanish. Hebrew is much the same. Notes 1. when said quickly sounds like "i" as in bike. feminine or neuter . it doubles the letter. When one of the "a" vowels are followed by the consonant "yud". 3. When it appears in the middle of a word it is used as a syllable break and is not pronounced. Therefore. such as in the nun in the word for "Here [am] I" in the vocabulary list below. The "vav" is pronounced "v" as in visit. The "yud-mem" combination is the masculine plural ending. all nouns are either masculine or feminine (there is no neuter). the pronunciation is "ah-y". Vowels When this vowel is placed under the first letter of a word it is pronounced as a soft "e" as in help. When the vav is prefixed to a word it means "and". . which. similar to the the "s" ending for English plural nouns. 2. nouns are masculine.Learn Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 4 Consonants The "lamed" is pronounced "l" as in long. When the lamed is prefixed to a word it means "to" or "for".

2 .1 .Practice .8 Sentences Night came.3 .3 Vocabulary Night God Water Amen Here Sea Here am I To me .1 .7 .2 . .6 .1 .4 .5 .

3 .5 .2 . My father and my mother are here. .My son came to me. Mother came in the night. Water is in the sea.4 .

3 . Vowels The dot above the "vav" is pronounced "o" as in open.2 . In Hebrew. the verb usually appears before the subject of the verb.1 . The "shin" is pronounced two ways. The "vav" becomes silent. such as in sentence #5 below. Notes 1. Practice . and "s" as in sign. "sh" as in sharp.Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 5 Consonants The "resh" is pronounced "r" as in rain. When this "vav" is suffixed to a word it means "to him" or "his". When a dot is placed on the top right corner of the letter it takes the "sh" sound and when the dot is placed on the top left corner of the letter it takes the "s" sound.

1 .6 .3 .7 .8 . . What is his name? His name is Abraham.9 .4 .10 Sentences My name is Levi.1 .2 .3 .4 .Vocabulary Peace Skies Said (m) Created (m) Said (f) Ruler Day Light Rabbi Name .2 .5 . Ruler of Peace.

God created skies. .5 .

Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 6 Consonants The "Ayin" is silent. it means "of them" or "they". The "Tet" is pronounced "t" as in tune. Notes 1. such as tov (good) in sentence #1 below. Vowels The dot in the "vav" is pronounced "u" as in tune. When this vav is suffixed to a word.3 .2 .1 . Practice . The "vav" is silent. In Hebrew the adjectives come after the noun.

2 .7 . What is his name? His name is Israel.3 . Who came in the evening? She came in the evening.5 . He came in the evening.4 .7 Sentences Good Evening.4 .1 .6 .2 . .1 .Vocabulary Evening Good Israel Over.5 . Peace over Israel.3 .6 . Guarding . On She He Keeping.

The aleph does not always require a vowel after it. . Notes 1. the direct object is "the dinner" because "the" comes before "dinner". If I said "I made a dinner". Since Hebrew requires a vowel after each consonant. The "et" (Vocabulary word #3) precedes a direct object of the verb and is rarely translated into English. The "dalet" is pronounced "d" as in dig. The Hebrew word for Moses (Vocabulary word #1) appears to be missing a vowel after the "mem". 2. the "et" would not precede it since "dinner" in this sentence is not a direct object. if I said "I made the dinner". the vowel is the "o" placed above the letter "Shin". In this case the Hebrew word "et" would precede "the dinner" in Hebrew. An exception to the rule requiring the C-V-C-V pattern is the word "reshiyt" (Vocabulary word #8). A dagesh may appear in the letter but will not change the sound of the letter. but it is pronounced very softly. This vowel is a dot which appears at the top and just to the left of the letter instead of beneath it and is pronounced "o" as in open. The dot over the right leg of the letter "Shin" and the vowel "o" are in the same place.Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 7 Consonants The "Tav" is pronounced "t" as in tune. For example. 3. Vowels This vowel is pronounced "eh" as in elephant.

1 .5 .9 .10 .4 .Practice .3 Vocabulary Moses God.7 .2 .3 .1 .8 . gods Precedes the direct object of the verb .6 .2 .11 Gave (m) Sabbath Teaching To us Beginning Student (m) Student (f) Study (m) .

12 Sentences Peaceful Sabbath.3 .Study (f) . Moses gave to us the Torah. A student studies the Torah.4 . In [the] beginning God created.6 .2 . And they will keep the Sabbath.5 . A student studies Torah. .1 .

Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 8 Consonants The "tsade" is pronounced "ts" as in pots. The final "tsade" is the form used when the letter appears at the end of a word and is also pronounced "ts".1 . Practice . The vowel works the same as the "sheva" with a pronunciation of "a" as in father. when placed under the first consonant of the word.2 . The "quph" is pronounced "q" as in quiet.3 Vocabulary . Vowels This vowel is a combination of the "sheva" vowel and the "a" vowel learned previously.

Exist (m) Land .2 Sentences Genesis 1:14 .1 .

This is unique only to this letter and vowel combination when it appears at the end of a word. Practice .2 . The final "kaph" has the same pronunciations as the "kaph". When the "ah" vowel appears under the letter "chet". When a dagesh does not appear in the letter it is pronounced "ck" as in the German name Bach. Notes 1. Vowels This vowel is pronounced "u" as in tune. When a dagesh appears in the "Kaph". the two sounds trade places. The second word in line 2 of the practice section is pronounced "ko'ach" not "kocha".1 . it is pronounced "k" as in kick. the final "kaph" will usually be followed by a vowel.Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 9 Consonants The "chet" is pronounced "ch" as in the German name Bach. While most words end with a consonant.

. Herb Tree.1 .3 Vocabulary Yes. Wood .2 . So Grass.3 Sentences Genesis 1:5 .

When a dagesh appears in the "pey". Practice . it is pronounced "p" as in pet. The pronunciation of the final "pey" is the same as the "pey". when placed under the first consonant of the word.1 . The vowel works the same as the "sheva" with a pronunciation of "a" as in father.Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 10 Consonants The "zayin" is pronounced "z" as in zebra.3 Vocabulary .2 . Vowels This vowel is a combination of the "sheva" vowel and the "a" vowel learned previously. When a dagesh does not appear in the letter it is pronounced "ph" as in phone.

3 Sentences Genesis 1:11 .2 . Who Make.1 . Do (m) Face .Which.

Practice . not "Kal" as it appears.2 .3 Vocabulary All Man . The "samech" is pronounced "s" as in sand. Notes 1.1 .2 . Vocabulary word #1 is pronounced "Kol" (coal).Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 11 Consonants The "gimel" is pronounced "g" as in game.1 . The "a" vowel is pronounced "o" in this word only.

4 Sentences Genesis 1:26 .Bird Fish .3 .

Hebrew Learn to Read Biblical Hebrew Lesson 12 Now that you have completed the previous lessons. you may begin putting what you have learned to use. Below are the first five verses of Genesis chapter one for your reading practice. Genesis 1:1-5 .

Hebrew Bible: With a Bible in the Hebrew language you can practice your reading and take the first steps to reading the Bible in its original language. it is an excellent book for the non-Jew as well because of its ability to teach word and sentence structure. Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon: This lexicon will greatly assist the Hebrew student learn Hebrew prefixes. Your next step is to practice your reading skill. roots and vocabulary. At this point you have the ability to read the Bible in its original language. build your vocabulary and begin learning word and sentence structure.Congratulations You have completed all twelve lessons. . suffixes. We recommend four books. Prayer Book Hebrew The Easy Way: While this book is written to aid the Jewish student in learning to read the Sidur (Prayerbook).

Audio Scriptures International It would help us greatly if you would E-Mail us to let us know what you think of the lessons. If we can be of service to you now or in the future. please let us know. Thank-you very much for your continued interest in the Hebrew language and allowing us to be a part of your studies. Mechon Mamre Hebrew Bible 9. Hebrew Picture Dictionary 8. Hebrew vocabulary Lessons 2.Learn Biblical Hebrew: Includes a revised version of the Hebrew lessons on this site as well as charts and dictionaries to assist the new Hebrew student in Biblical Reading. The Ancient Hebrew Research Center Web Site has some resources that will assist you with your continued reading practices and vocabulary including an online Hebrew Bible (no vowel pointings) and a Dictionary which lists all the Hebrew words used twenty five times or more in the Bible. Let us also recommend these sites for additional Hebrew studies. Did you find them easy to follow? Did you have any problems with the lessons? Do you have any suggestions that would make the lessons better for others? May we also invite you to sign our guestbook. Allon Ministries 10. Bible Readings in Hebrew 6. . Hebrew vocabulary games 3. We hope that you will continue your Hebrew studies with enjoyment and satisfaction. Downloadable Hebrew Bible 5. 1. Hebrew Dictionary 7. Hebrew for me activities 4.

e edge.play. Those entries in the vocabulary section which are prefixes will be followed by a dash (-).Learn Hebrew Part 2 Introduction In these lessons we will begin to learn Hebrew sentence structure and vocabulary. Many English words are not gender sensitive such as "child". About the Lessons Hebrew Fonts The "BSThebrew" font.king.father.) for feminine words will be placed after the English words.king.fly. the symbols (m. ay .old. designed by Crosswalk. . A dash within the English transliterations indicate a syllable break. Transliteration The vowels in the transliteration will be pronounced as follows. is required to be installed in your fonts folder to view the Hebrew letters. u . thank you. iy . New York. In order to convey the gender of the Hebrew. copyright 1939. The writing of these lessons will take time and we hope to add an additional lesson every few weeks. If you have any comments.tune. ey . i .) for masculine words and (f. questions or suggestions for these lessons please Email us.Com. that are added into the translation are in italics. a . Translation Words required in the translation that are not in the Hebrew. o . Vocabulary Hebrew words are gender sensitive as are some English words such as "boy" and "girl". These lessons are adapted from "beyt siyphrenu" (our schoolhouse) by the Hebrew Publishing Company.

l.z taoz h.v Aa -'h -.) zeh this (f.n.y tAd.) ye-le-diym children (f.l.h ~ev .y h'D.) ye-le-dot man woman men women Mr.m r.) e-chad one (f.) sheym ye-led yal-dah children (m.h h'm h. Transliteration sheym hay-ye-led david sheym hay-yal-dah diynah Hebrew `diw'D d.x.v ~iy.pes Sentences Translation The name of the boy is David.Lea d'x.l.m t.h ~ev `h'nyiD h'D.Y.a ~iy.) she-na-yim two (f.y ~yid. The name of the girl is Dinah.l.) child (f.) zot these ey-leh one (m.y vyia h'Via ~yiv:n]a ~yiv"n r.) a-chat two (m.Y.l.Learn Hebrew Part 2 Lesson 1 Vocabulary Translation Transliteration Hebrew Translation Transliteration Hebrew name child (m. iysh ish-shah a-na-shiym na-shiym mar ma-rat ~ev d.a t.l.T.r'm this (m.) she-ta-yim or the what book o hamah sey-pher h. Mrs.

she-tayim na-shiym. The name of the woman is Mrs.v `d'x.x.v `t. One man.y taOz `vyia h. Two men. This is a man. This is a boy. sheym ha-iysh mar leviyn sheym ha-ish-shah marat le-viyn zeh ye-led zot yal-dah zeh iysh zot ish-shah iysh e-chad.y h. ish-shah a-chat. One woman.r''m h'Via'h ~ev `d. Levin.z `h'Via taOz `~yiv"n]a ~iy:n. This is a girl.l r.l.a h'Via .z `h'D. Two women.The name of the man is Mr.m vyia'h ~ev `!yiw. This is a woman.l.T. Levin. she-na-yim a-na-shiym.a vyia `~yiv"n ~iy.l t. `!yiw.

le-mar ka-hen yeysh taliyt.) small (f. Kahen there is tephiliyn.q -. The name of the man is Mr.j vey !.) small (m.w big.m vyia'h ~ev `tyiL.m. Kahen there are tephiliyn and Transliteration hin-neyh iysh e-chad. To Mr.h'K r.G !'j'q h'N. le-mar ka-hen yeysh tephi-liyn ve-ta-liyt.T .j. great (m.l `!yiLip. To Mr. To Mr. Hebrew `d'x.l -'l there is/are yeysh and ve- Sentences Translation Here is one man.a vyia heNih `!. sheym ha-iysh mar kahen.T vey !.tim vey -.w !yiLip.T leL.) to (belongs to) to the (belongs to the) ga-dol ge-do-lah qa-tan qa-tannah lela- lAd'G h'lAd.h'K r. great (f.m.P.) big.Learn Hebrew Part 2 Lesson 2 Vocabulary Translation Transliteration Hebrew Translation Transliteration Hebrew here/behold hin-neyh taliyt tephiliyn praying ta-liyt te-philiyn mit-paleyl heNih tyiL.h'K r. le-mar ka-hen yeysh tephi-liyn.l `tyiL. Kahen. Kahen there is a taliyt.j.j !yiLip.

j. la-a-na-shiym yeysh taliy-tot.q h'D.h.l:Y.h. A taliyt is a four cornered garment with the fringes tied at each corner (Numbers 15:37-41).tim !.G h'Via'h. ha-iysh ve-ha-ish-shah ge-do-liym.Y. The boy and the girl are small. often called a prayer shawl. To the men there are tephiliyn To the men there are taliytot.Y.P. To the men there are tephiliyn and taliytot.h'K r.l. The woman is big and the girl is small.l `leL.m `~yiv"n]a yen.G h'Via'h `~yilAd.j vey ~yiv"n]a'l `tAtyiL. hay-ye-led ve-hay-yaldah qe-ta-niym.v `!'j'q d. ha-ish-shah ge-do-lah ve-ha-yal-dah qe-ta-nah. la-a-na-shiym yeysh tephi-liyn.tim ~yiv"n]a'h yen.T vey ~yiv"n]a'l `~yil.h. Here are two men. mar ka-hen mit-pa-leyl.h'K r.w !yiLip.w d.q h'D.L.w vyia'h `~yIN. hin-neyh she-ney a-nashiym. Mr.l:Y. la-a-na-shiym yeysh tephi-liyn ve-ta-liy-tot. Two of the men are praying.T vey ~yiv"n]a'l `tAtyiL. Kahen is praying. vey !.l.j. The man is big and the boy is small. .w h'lAd.taliyt.P.j.h Notes 1.w lAd'G vyia'h `h"N. she-ney ha-a-na-shiym mit-pal-liym ha-iysh ga-dol ve-ha-yeled qa-tan. The man and the woman are big.m.v heNih `!yiLip.

Tephiliyn. Inside the boxes are parchment with specific Biblical passages written on them. 5. the masculine suffix is used for the participle. . Feminine plural words are identified with a "tA-" suffix. Adjectives normally follow the noun. Masculine plural words are idenitified with a "~yi-" suffix. 4. 6.P.tim" (praying) use the same plural suffix when more than one are performing the action of the verb. When a group composed of both masculine and feminine are the subjects of the verb. Many feminine words end with "h'-". are leather boxes tied to the forehead and hand when praying (Deuteronomy 6:8).2. 3. The participle verbs such as "leL. often called by the Greek name phylacteries.

) o-meyd standing (f.mA[ Participle Verb Conjugations of bvy (sitting) Gender Masculine Feminine Singular Plural bevAy ~yib.[.vAy Sentences .) o-me-det !'x.mA[ Participle Verb Conjugations of dm[ (standing) Gender Masculine Feminine Singular Plural demA[ ~yid.luv l.d.vAy tAb.mA[ tAd.n d"y hEY.Learn Hebrew Part 2 Lesson 3 Vocabulary Trans.[ demA[ t.b.Translation literation Hebrew Translation Transliteration Hebrew boy hand na-ar yad where ay-yeyh chair ki-sey r.mA[ t. over shul-chan al standing (m.vAy t.a aeSiK table on.d.

a `d'x. hi-neyh ye-led e-chad sheym hay-ye-led avra-ham.B d'x. mah al ha-shul-chan? sey-pher.h l.B h.m ?~yir'p.luV.a d.[.pes ?d"Y. Where is Sarah? Sarah is on a chair.N. What is in the hand? A book.h ~ev ?h'r'f hEY. na-ar ye-led ga-dol.l.w d"Y. Where are the books? Transliteration hin-neyh na-ar. Here is one girl. av-ra-ham o-meyd al ha-ki-sey.l.h l.a.a `aeSiK.h l.pes ?!'x.a `aeSiK l.y r.x.a `t.[.a hEY. A boy is a large child. ay-yeyh ha-se-phariym? e-chad ba-yad ve-echad al ha-shul-chan.a `aeSiK l. Here is one boy.h ~ev ?~'h'r. Sarah is standing on .n `@esAy r. sheym hay-yal-dah sarah. hin-neyh yal-dah achat.[ demA[ ~'h'r.[ One is in the hand and one is on the table.h ~ev `r.[.[ h'r'f `aeSiK.b. mah bay-yad? sey-pher. The name of the boy is Joseph. The name of the girl is Sarah.S.h hEY.[ d'x.b.Y.[ h'm `r. What is on the table? A book. a-yeyh sa-rah? sa-rah al ki-sey.l:Y.l. sheym ha-na-ar yoseyph.Translation Here is a boy.a `!'x.b.luV.a d.b.a h'D.l:y hENih `h'r'f h'D. Abraham is standing on the chair. The name of the boy is Abraham.. Where is Abraham? Abraham is on a chair.n heNih `lAd'G d.h l.[ ~'h'r. ay-yeyh av-ra-ham? av-ra-ham al ki-sey.y hENih `~'h'r. sa-rah o-me-det al ha- Hebrew `r.

Remember that the "a" vowels are pronounced like the "a" in father.the chair. ki-sey. . The first syllable "bay" is pronounced "bahee" (as in good "bye") not "bay" as in a bay of water. av-ra-ham ve-sa-rah om-diym al ha-ki-sot t.w ~'h'r. In the above sentence is the word "d"Y.b.mA[ h'r'f `tAa.siK. The transliteration for this word is bay-yad.a Notes 1.mA[ h'r'f. Abraham and Sarah are standing on the chairs.[ ~yid.d.B".h l.

one at a time. We are including a singular link below to these but do not make any specific links at each occurence within the lesson as you will learn quicker when you search for the word. suffixes and infixes added to Hebrew roots Hebrew Alphabet . explaining their construction and relationship within the sentence. You will need the BST Hebrew Font to view the Hebrew text in these lessons. comments or suggestions on these lessons please e-mail us. The final lesson is Genesis chapter one for you to practice your translation on. Below are a couple resources to assist you in your Biblical Reading. prefix or suffix within the resources. If you have any questions. Study Resources Hebrew/English dictionary of common Hebrew words Prefixes. The following is the first few verses of Genesis chapter one where we will examine each word.Learn Biblical Hebrew . your next step in Biblical Hebrew studies is to learn sentence and word structure.Part 3 Introduction If you know the Hebrew alephbet.

----- Pronoun Suffixes . Suffixes and Infixes Prefixes The -In -To Like ---¯ And -- Which -- Noun Derivatives ----.Feminine Singular My hand Your hand Plural Our hand Your hand ¯ .Masculine Singular My hand Your hand His hand Plural Our hand Your hand Their hand ¯ Pronoun Suffixes .----------.Learn Biblical Hebrew .Part 3 Hebrew Prefixes.

Her hand

Their hand

Perfect Tense - Masculine Singular I said You said He said Plural We said You said They said

Perfect Tense - Feminine Singular I said You said She said Plural We said You said They said

Imperfect Tense - Masculine Singular I say You say He says Plural We say You say They say

Imperfect Tense - Feminine Singular I say You say She says We say You say They say Plural

Learn Biblical Hebrew - Part 3 Lesson 1

Genesis 1:1

The is a prefix meaning "inside". This letter is an abbreviated form of the Hebrew word " " (beyt) meaning "house". The house is where the family resides "inside". The root word is " " meaning "head".

Words related in meaning to the root are commonly formed by adding certain letters to the root and all of the words derived from the same root will be related in meaning. The letters " --" are added to the root to form a new noun, , meaning "beginning" (The head of a time or space as in the beginning of an event or a river.) By being able to recognize the prefixes and letters added to a root to form noun derivatives, one can easily see the root word within the word. There are approximately 8,000 different words in the Bible, all of which are derived from only about 1,500 root words. Of these 1,500, about half are used very infrequently in the Bible. This means that with a good understanding of about 750 root words one can easily read the Biblical text without memorizing all 8,000 words used within it.

This is a verb (word denoting action). While this word is usually translated as "create" a better Hebraic translation would be "fatten" or "filled" as what is fattened is filled up. The Hebrews thought and communicated in concrete terms rather than abstracts as we do. The word create is an abstract word while the word fatten or filled are concrete. Each verb identifies gender (masculine or feminine), number (singular or plural) and tense (perfect or imperfect). This verb would literally be translated as "he did fatten/fill". The "he" is masculine singular and the word "did" indicates perfect tense.

Perfect tense is completed action and is similar to our past tense. Imperfect tense is incomplete action and is similar to our present or future tense. Notice the difference of tenses between Hebrew and English. English tenses are related to time while Hebrew is related to action.

This word is the subject of the verb, the "he" in "he did fatten". Generally the subject of the verb will follow the verb rather than precede it as in English. In English we say "John ran fast." but in Hebrew this would be written as "ran John fast". The root word for this noun is " " meaning "power". This word is used for anyone or anything which, has "power" and is often translated as "God". The suffix " --" denotes a plural for masculine nouns. While English plurals denote quantity (more than one), Hebrew plurals can also denote quality (very large or great). The word " " can be translated as "gods" (quantity) or "a great god" (quality). The idea of "a great god" is generally written as "God". Only through context can it be determined if the plural noun is identifying quantity or quality. This can be the context within the passage or the sentence structure itself. In this verse the context of the sentence structure requires this word to be understood as qualitative since the verb was preceding it states "he (singular) did fatten" and not "they (plural) did fatten".

This word literally a plow point which creates the furrows in the field and is guided by the driver of the plow. In order to keep the furrow straight, the driver heads for a mark in the distance. Therefore, this word is literally "the moving toward a mark". The word " " is used over 11,000 times (and never translated into English as there is no equivelent) to point to the direct object of the verb. Some examples of a direct object are; "Bible", "the book" and "his book" where the "book" is specically identified". Conversely, an example of an indirect object would be; "a book" where the book is not specifically identified.

The first letter, " ", is another prefix and is usually translated as "the". This prefix is the short form of the word " " meaning, "to look at something". The root word is " " and while usually translated as "name" is more literally "breath". In Hebraic thought your breath is your character, who you are. In the

Hebraic culture one's name was to reflect their character, or "breath". Again we find the suffix " --" indicating a plural - "breaths" or "winds" of the sky and best translated as "skies". Because the " " (the) precedes the word " " (skies), this word is a direct object, hence, the reason for the word " " before it.

Another very common prefix is the letter " ", usually translated as "and". This is the abbreviated form of the word " " meaning, peg or nail. As a nail attaches two items together, this prefix attaches two or more things together in a sentence, in this case "the skies and the land". Added to this prefix is the word " " which was previously discussed. Because of this word we know that the word which follows is also a definite object of the verb " ".

The letter " " is the prefix meaning "the". The word " meaning "land".

" is a common word

Learn Biblical Hebrew - Part 3 Lesson 2

Genesis 1:2

As previously discussed the prefix " " is used to attach two parts of a sentence together but is also used to attach two or more sentences together, in other words bringing all of the words of one story together. In fact, the entire chapter of Genesis chapter one is one long story as each sentence begins with a " ". The letter " " is the prefix meaning "the" and the word " discussed means "land". ", as previously

The root word of this verb is " ", a very common root literally meaning "to exist" or "breath" as one who exists breathes but, is usually translated with a form of the English verb "to be". This verb is made feminine, singular, and perfect tense because the " " is added at the end of the root. When a " " is added to a root which ends with a " ", the " " is changed to a " ". This verb would be literally translated as "she did exist" where the "she" is the "land" from the previous word.

The root word here is " " meaning "empty". By adding the letter " " to the root, a noun derivative is formed meaning, "empty" or "void".

The first letter, " ", is the prefix meaning "and" and is used to connect the word

following it with the previous word. The root word is " " meaning, "to fill a void". A common Hebrew word also derived from this root is " " (bo') and is usually translated as "come" or "go". The English translations of this word imply movement in a certain direction but the Hebrew meaning of the word is to "fill a void" and can be either here (come) or there (go). The " " added after the root forms a noun derivative meaning "void". There are two styles of poetry seen in the passages we have looked at thus far. The first is the use of similar sounding words together such as we see with this word and the previous word - "tohu v'vohu". The other is called parallelism where one idea is expressed in two separate ways. The first sentence we looked at said that "God filled the sky and the land" while this sentence says that "the land was unfilled (a void)". (Hebrew does not write sentences in chronological order as we do.)

The first letter is the prefix meaning "and". The word " "darkness".

" means "dark" or

This word is very common and means "over" or "on".

The root for this word is " " meaning, face. This word is always used in the plural form " ". This word is in the construct state "faces OF....". When a masculine plural noun is used in the construct state, the letter " " is always dropped. Also, when the masculine plural is added to a word that ends with the letter " ", the " " is dropped.

A noun derived from the root " " meaning "sea". This derivative, formed by adding the letter " ", has the more specific meaning of "deep sea".

The first letter " " is the prefix meaning "and". The word " " is another Hebrew word meaning "wind". This word is often translated as "spirit" but again, this is an abstract word whereas, "wind" is a more concrete word and closer to the meaning of the Hebrew.

This is the same word discussed previously. When two nouns appear together they are in the construct state. This word and the word " " would be translated as "wind OF powers".

The root to this verb is " " meaning, "hover over" such as a bird does over the nest. The letter " " indicates this verb is feminine singular (she) perfect tense. The letter " " is a type of verb conjugation to be discussed later. This verb can literally be translated as "she did hover". The "she" of this word is the " " which is a feminine word. While most consider the "Spirit" a "he", Biblically, it is a "she".

This is the same word previously discussed meaning "over" or "on".

This word was also previously discussed meaning "faces" and is in the construct state with the following word.

The first letter " " is the prefix meaning "the". The root word is " " with the masculine plural suffix " ". When a word ends with the letter " " as in this root word and the masculine plural suffix is added, the " " is dropped. The word " " means "unknown" and is commonly translated as "what" a word used to discover an unknown. Another form of this word is " " and is usually translated as "who", another word used to discover an unknown.

When this word appears in the plural form it always refers to "water". The sea (a place of large water) is seen as an unknown place, hence, the relationship between water and an unknown. Note that the previous sentence contains no verb, a common occurrence in Biblical Hebrew.

The root word is " ". The context of the sentence as well as the type of prefixes and suffixes added to the word will tell you if the word is a verb or a noun.Learn Biblical Hebrew . The first use of the word "play" is a verb while the second is a noun. most likely the verb has dropped the final " " or the beginning " ". All verbs are three-letter words. When a verb ends with a " ". it is often dropped when conjugated. "He will play Moses in the play". Hebrew root words can be used as a noun or a verb. the word is identified as a verb and can literally be translated as "he will say" (masculine singular perfect tense). We see a similar occurrence in English as in the sentence. The " " identifies the verb as masculine singular imperfect tense. This word has been discussed previously and is the subject of the previous verb. "he will exist". If you come across a verb and remove the prefixes and suffixes and find only two letters remaining. As a noun this root would be "a word" while as a verb it is "to say". The root of this word is " " as discussed previously meaning "to exist". But. When the letter " " is added to the root " ". The same is true for a verb that begins with a " " which is also dropped when the verb is conjugted. since the letter " " is the prefixed the tense is reversed and becomes "and he did say". .Part 3 Lesson 3 Genesis 1:3 The first letter " " is the prefix meaning "and".

The same word meaning. This is the same verb with the same conjugation as the previous verb but includes the " " which reverses the tense to perfect and becomes "and he did exist".A root word meaning "light". This word is the subject of the previous verb. . and again the subject of the previous verb. light.

Once you have translated the verses you can use a translation to check your work. The lexicon will tell you that the letter " " is a prefix.Part 3 Lesson 4 Genesis 1:4. . including all its prefixes and suffixes.5 At this point you should be able to translate verses 4 and 5.Learn Biblical Hebrew . Most of the words as well as the prefixes and suffixes have been covered above with the exception of those listed below. The lexicon will also define the word itself. and that the root for this word is " ". To see To separate Between Night Evening One To call Good That it is Day Morning To (prefix) ¯ One of the best resources to assist with Biblical reading in Hebrew is a lexicon that lists every word in the text. such as the word " ". With type of lexicon you can look up any word found in the Bible. One of the best lexicons is "Analytical Hebrew and Chaldee Lexicon" by Benjamin Davidson. You can also look up the root and see all of the other words derived from this root.

Under each line of Hebrew text is a blank line for you to enter your translation for Hebrew translation practice. You will also need to download the appropriate Hebrew font to view the Hebrew text of the document.Word .Word The Book of Ruth . Genesis Chapter One .Part 3 Lesson 5 Below are links to the Hebrew text of Genesis chapter one and the book of Ruth in MicroSoft Word Format and Rich Text Format.Learn Biblical Hebrew .

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bW ~AY.v ~Iy.[yiq.h .l @'n'K @A[-l'K tea.v-t.h !yebW ____________________________________________ yi[yib.b.p.m{r'h h'Y.G.h Wc.[.n ____________________________________________ bAj-yiK ~yih{l/a a.h]lW h'l.$.x.y.f.riB ~yih{l/a ~'t{a !eTiY.w b.r.h t{r{a.T.h ____________________________________________ ryia'h.y.r.v{x.l ~Iy'm'V.P-l.m.r'b.r ~Ay r.m.w 18 ____________________________________________ bAj-yiK ~yih{l/a a.[ #.h ~inyiN.h t.w 22 .m.[ @epA[.h t.L.h rAa'M.v.y.w 21 ____________________________________________ ~.rW Wr.h-t.r.[ ____________________________________________ rAa'h !yeB lyiD.l.r'v r.w h'l.$.a ~yil{d.M.l l{d'G.L.w ~yil{d.h .a ~yih{l/a f.r yen.henyim.w #.w .y @A[.h-t.x v.y.w 17 ____________________________________________ #.w Whenyim.Y.vIy ~yih{l/a r.r.G.r.v]a t.Y.M.w ____________________________________________ -l'K tea.l !{j'Q.mil.r'a'h ____________________________________________ -t.!ek-yih.y.r'a'h-l.w 20 ____________________________________________ ~Iy'm'V.r'a'h-l.w ~AY.h ____________________________________________ ~yib'kAK.w 19 ____________________________________________ h'Y.h yen.P r{mael ~yih{l/a ~'t{a .M.a.h v.ma{Y.a ~yih{l/a a'r.[yiq.[-yih.n #.Y.y.biY.m.w ____________________________________________ Wa.limW Wb.B l{v.w 16 ____________________________________________ rAa'M.h Wc.l.l ~Iy.p.q{b-yih.v.h tea.

r'a'h aecAT ~yih{l/a r.M.h t.y.bW #.r-l'K tea.w 28 ____________________________________________ .ma{Y.w ~yih{l/a ~'t{a .r.diK ____________________________________________ fem{r'h f.x-t.Y.c.x v.g.x.B ____________________________________________ -t.r'a'h-l'k.m.w 26 ____________________________________________ ~Iy.r'a'B b.Y.m.h-t.l #.l h'm'd]a'h f.Y.w b.n ~yih{l/a r.B ~Iy.w H'nyim.w H'nyim.dib WD.l #.bW ~'Y.p.w ____________________________________________ Wnem.r'b.w ~yiM.l h'Y.y.B.w f.w 27 ____________________________________________ ~'t{a a'r'B h'beq.c.r'h-l'k.w 24 ____________________________________________ !ek-yih.B ~'d'a'h-t.ma{Y.y.w 23 ____________________________________________ H'nyim.l h'meh.f][.m'V.h'l r.r'a'h-l.r'a'h t.r'w h'meh.[ ____________________________________________ ~.bW h'meh.l.[.w H'nyim.ma{Y.n #.Y.q{b-yih.r.$.m.B.c.w WnetWm.w 25 ____________________________________________ Whenyim.a ____________________________________________ yivyim]x ~Ay r.y.B ~'d'a h.a.l.r.l.h ____________________________________________ bAj-yiK ~yih{l/a a.nW r'k'z At{a a'r'B ~yih{l/a ____________________________________________ ~yih{l/a ~.a ~yih{l/a a'r.h @A[.[-yih.a ~yih{l/a f.B Am.biY.rIy.y.a-At.bW ____________________________________________ #.____________________________________________ #.rIy @A['h.

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Bi h['m.l.m.a.YEw: ________________________________________________ h'yd.W ayhi raeV'Tiw: ymi[\n" vyai %l.ƒtyBemi ~ytir'p.a.YEw: #r.ai ~vew> %l.ylia/ tm'Y"w: 3 ________________________________________________ tWr tynIVeh.ynEv.aiw> aWh ba'Am ydef.-~g: WtWmY"w: 5 ________________________________________________ `Hv'yaimeW ________________________________________________ ba'Am hdef.l'y> ynEV.mi bv'T'w: h'yt.m.W ATv.i ________________________________________________ !Alx. !Ayl.L{k. jpov.m. WaboY"w: hd'Why> ~x. ~v' Wbv.h' ~ve tAYbia]mo ~yvin" ~h.[.kiw> !Alx. ~h.YIw: ba'Am-ydef.ylia/ vyaih' ~vew> 2 ________________________________________________ `~v'-Wyh.Ruth Chapter One ƒtyBemi vyai %l.B rWgl' hd'Why> ~x. ~vew> ymi[\n" ATv.kiw> ________________________________________________ `h'yn<b' ynEv.l.m. wyn"b'-ynEv.mi hV'aih' raeV'Tiw: !Ayl.a'B' b['r' yhiy>w: ~yjip.v' yKi ba'Am ydeF.K. ymeyBi yhiy>w: 1 ________________________________________________ `wyn"b' ynEv. ~vew> hP'r>[' tx.Voh.l' Waf.w> ayhi ~q'T'w: 6 .YIw: 4 ________________________________________________ `~ynIv' rf.

hn"b.-la.a' yKi vyail.L{k. tAyh. bWvl' %r.-!mi aceTew: 7 ________________________________________________ `hd'Why> #r. ________________________________________________ yli-vy< yTir>m.Tiw: ________________________________________________ `%Me[.li ymi[\n" rm. ~k.l. hV'ai hn"b.b.aTow: 8 ________________________________________________ `ydIM'[iw> ~ytiMeh. bWvn" %T'ai-yKi HL'hn"r>m. hn"b.le yt.l' Wyh'w> y[.________________________________________________ `~x.l' ~h.meB.aTow: 11 ________________________________________________ `~yvin"a]l.y:Ð ¿hf.b.[]y:À.aTow: 10 ________________________________________________ ~ynIb' yli-dA[h.l.nOb.x.Vo hn"k.Tew: HM'[i h'yt. ~k.-ta.W hM'v'-ht'y>h' rv.l.yfi[] rv.W ~k.l' qV.L{k.M'[i hw"hy> Îf[.a. hw"hy> dq.-~[i ~t.m. yTev.le h'yt.vo ymi[\n" rm. yTev. !"ac.p'-yKi ________________________________________________ hn"k.l' hw"hy> !TeyI 9 ________________________________________________ `hn"yK.a] ~AqM'h.mi yTin>q. yMi[i hn"k.D.vo 12 .nOb.z" yKi !"k.te hM'l' yt.a]K ds.l' ttel' AM[. ________________________________________________ !h.Tiw: !l'Aq hn"aF. ________________________________________________ HM'ai tybel.Tiw: Hv'yai tyBe hV'ai hx'Wnm.

la..a]-la.nOB.w> HM'[.b.a]b. vyail.Ti-la. %Tem.-yKi yt. hn"gE['Te !hel'h] WlD'g>yI rv.l{awE yMi[.W %leae ykil. ________________________________________________ tWrw> Ht'Amx]l.ti.a]B. ________________________________________________ tAyh/ yTil.a] d[.me bWvl' %bez>['l.l{a/-la.mi daom yli-rm. !hel'h] 13 ________________________________________________ `hw"hy>-dy: ybi ha'c.y" ~g:w> vyail hl'y>L. ytiyyIh' ~G: hw"q.Tiw: 14 ________________________________________________ `HB' hq'b.T.Tiw: dA[ hn"yK.biy> hb'v' hNEhi rm.Te rv.D' ________________________________________________ yrex]a. hP'r>[' qV.[]y: hKo rbeQ'a.biy> ________________________________________________ yKi %yIr'x]a.y"-yKi ~K.aTow: 16 ________________________________________________ %yIh. tWr rm. ybiy[iG>p. !ylia' ynIyliT' rv. ~v'w> tWma' ytiWmT' rv. hn"r>Bef.Tiw: !l'Aq hn"F.-la. %Me[. ybiWv h'yh.bil.h.________________________________________________ `~ynIb' yTid>l. ________________________________________________ `yh'l{a/ ________________________________________________ hkow> yli hw"hy> hf. 17 ________________________________________________ .aTow: 15 ________________________________________________ `%Tem.

l' ayhi tc.mi-yKi ar.l. tWrw> ymi[\n" bv'T'w: 22 ________________________________________________ `~yrI[of. ~h. yli yD. ________________________________________________ yli hn"ar.`%nEybeW ynIyBe dyrIp. ymi[\n" yli hn"ar.l.Ti-la.l.t. !h.T.x.l.mi hb'V'h. hn"k. yhiy>w: ~x.ylea] rm.w> ybi hn"[' hw"hyw: ymi[\n" ________________________________________________ ba'Am ydeF.Bi ~x.q.Tew: 19 ________________________________________________ `ymi[\n" tazOh] hn"r>m.Tew: 18 ________________________________________________ ~x.M. ryciq.h' ha'lem.ƒtyBe hn"a'boK.yTev.ƒtyBe WaB' hM'hew> _______________________________________________ .aTow !h. tL.he yD. HM'[i Ht'L'k.he-yKi ar'm' yli !"ar.aTow: 20 ________________________________________________ `daom.l'ƒtyBe hn"a'Bo-d[.a. hY"bia]AMh. ynIa] 21 ________________________________________________ `yli [r.ae rBed.v. yKi @ysiyO ________________________________________________ `h'yl.v.xit.yvih/ ~q'yrew> yTik. lD.yle[] ry[ih'-lK' ~hoTew:: ________________________________________________ rm.q.q.w: HT'ai tk.y: tw<M'h.l.l.ti hM'l' hw"hy> ynIb.

hr'[]N:h.AQh.F'h.AQl. rv.W 1 ________________________________________________ `z[.-l[.À ymi[\n"l.aTow: 2 ________________________________________________ `yTibi ykil. Ar[]n:l. rABGI vyai Hv'yail. .Bo Amv.F'B. ymil.m.a.Mimi rv.x.P. Î[d.ae ymi[\n"-la.ylia/ tx. ________________________________________________ ~k.v. aN"-hk'l..Bo rm.v.AQh.bol. tq.aYOw: ~yrIc.a.F'h.T.N:h. Hl' rm.aYOw: 5 ________________________________________________ ayhi hY"bia]Am hr'[]n: rm.P.YIw: ~yrIc.ƒtyBemi aB' z[.Y:w: 6 ________________________________________________ `ba'Am hdeF. bC'NIh.bo-hNEhiw> 4 ________________________________________________ `hw"hy> ^k. hY"bia]AMh.r.m. ~yliB\Vib.Tew: 3 ________________________________________________ `%l.M'[i hw"hy> ~yrIc.AmÐ ¿[D'yUm.w: aAbT'w: %l.mi ymi[\n"-~[i hb'V'h. ![.-l[. ________________________________________________ h'r. rm.a] rx.a]w: hd.W %l.Ruth Chapter Two tx.b'y> Al Wrm.ylia/ ________________________________________________ hj'q\l.q. r[. jQel.Qoh.aTow: wyn"y[eB !xeac'm.l.l.aYOw: ~x. bC'NIh. tWr rm. hd. yrex]a.aYOw: ________________________________________________ `taZOh. hd. ~yrIc.Mimi lyIx. z[.mi rq.a] z[.

za'me dAm[]T. HT'b. hd.a] hd.a'w> aN"-hj'q\l. wyl'ae rm. ~yrIm'[\b' yTip.Y:w: 11 ________________________________________________ .WDm.w> rq. yrex]a. ^yn<y[eB.aYOw: 8 ________________________________________________ `yt'ro[]n:-~[i !yqiB'd>ti hkow> hZ<mi yrIWb[]t.a] lKo yli dG:hu dGEhu Hl' rm.a]me ________________________________________________ ytiac'm' [. tyfi['-rv.Bo rm. ________________________________________________ `~yrI['N>h.-d[.ta.l.aYOw: z[.vi hz< hT'[.m.[. !Wba]v.w: ________________________________________________ jqol.F'B.________________________________________________ aAbT'w: ~yrIc.AQh.bil.f'B. T.a] rm.v' aAlh] tWr-la. T.l. al{ ~g:w> rxea.k.Tiw: h'yn<P'-l[.Te-la. lPoTiw: 10 ________________________________________________ `hY"rIk.k. ________________________________________________ ytiyWIci aAlh] !h. tyIB.li ykil. yTiBi T. z[.l.aTow: hc'r>a' WxT. %yIn:y[e 9 ________________________________________________ tytiv'w> ~yliKeh.h.yI rv.yI-rv. !xe ________________________________________________ %teAmx]-ta.yrex]a.v.-la.aTow: 7 ________________________________________________ `j['m.Boh.n" ykinOa'w> ynIreyKih. ~yrI['N>h.h'w> tmic'w> %[eg>n" yTil.h'w> !Wrcoq.s.Bo ![.

b.aoh' t[el.vi ble-l[.a] laer'f. al{ ykinOa'w> ^t.w: %veyai tAm yrex]a.K.l.-!mi T.xop.nI yKi ynIdoa] ^yn<y[eB.ykil. !xe-ac'm.mi bv. ________________________________________________ ~x. ________________________________________________ yhel{a/ hw"hy> ~[ime hm'lev.f.la.a.d.Tiw: lk.x. %TePi T.k.aTow: 13 ________________________________________________ `^yt.xoB. taB'-rv.h. yhit.Bo wc. %Ter>Kuf. T.Tow: [B.Tew: %Ted>l.l.y"-al{ rv.y> 12 ________________________________________________ `wyp'n"K. ~q'T'w: 15 ________________________________________________ `h'Wmylik. hy<h. rm. z[. z[.T.[.aYOw: 14 ________________________________________________ yliq' Hl'-jB'c.a.a'w> ~l{h] yviGO lk.L.t.YIw: ~yrIc.W %le[\P' hw"hy> ~Lev.aTow: ________________________________________________ ~yrIm'[\h' !yBe ~G: rmoale wyr'['n>-ta.a] ~[.l.bo hl' rm. dC.T.vi tx.Am #r.y>w: jQel. ________________________________________________ `~Avl. tAsx]l.-tx.yI ________________________________________________ T'r>B.j'w> ________________________________________________ `rt. al{w> jQel.T.a.w> %Meaiw> %ybia' ybiz>[. .m.dI ykiw> ynIT'm.Tew: #m.x'p.vi lAmT.a.AQh.

aTow: 19 ________________________________________________ rm.Bo ~AYh. jQel.l. ymi[\n" rm.w: br.Q.h.a] tae Ht'Amx]l.a] tae jBox.liw> ~T.w> ~yYIx.w: %WrB' %reyKim.T.Tiw: ________________________________________________ yhiy> tyfi[' hn"a'w> ~AYh. AM[i ytiyfi[' rv.a] hw"hyl. ________________________________________________ aceATw: hj'Qeli-rv.['h'-d[. T.!mi Hl' WLvoT'-lvo ~g:w> 16 ________________________________________________ `Hb'-Wr[]g>ti ________________________________________________ yhiy>w: hj'Qeli-rv.h.a] tae Ht'Amx] ar.-ta. hp'yaeK.w: 17 ________________________________________________ `~yrI[of.j.-ta. dGET.a] vyaih' ~ve ________________________________________________ bz:['-al{ rv.aTow: 20 ________________________________________________ Wnl' bArq' ymi[\n" Hl' rm.li hpoyae Ht'Amx] Hl' rm.Tew: ry[ih' aAbT'w: aF'Tiw: 18 ________________________________________________ `H['b.['-rv.z:[]w: ~ytib'C.T. ADs.F'B.F'mi hr'tiAh-rv.aTow: AM[i ht'f.x .aTow: ~ytiMeh. hd.a] tae Hl'!T.________________________________________________ al{w> hj'Q.b. aWh %WrB' Ht'L'k. ________________________________________________ `z[.

tAlK.f'B. ryciq. tyyIh' rv.aTow: 21 ________________________________________________ `yli-rv.b.a] al{h] yTiBi Ht'Amx] ymi[\n" Hl' rm. ymi[\n" rm.yI al{w> wyt'Ar[]n:-~[i ________________________________________________ ~yrI[oF.________________________________________________ `aWh Wnlea]GOmi vyaih'.mo z[.-~[i yl.te yKi yTiBi bAj Ht'L'K.d. tWr rm.W ________________________________________________ Ruth Chapter Three rv. z[.bo al{h] hT'[.-ryciq. qB.a] WnT'[. ________________________________________________ ~yrI['N>h.ae rm.zO aWh-hNEhi wyt'Ar[]n:-ta.aTow: 1 ________________________________________________ `%l'-bj.-d[.l.Bo tAr[]n:B.a'-yKi ~G: hY"bia]AMh. jQel.a] ryciQ'h. bv. hd.w> 2 . !yqiB'd>Ti yli-rv. %b'-W[G>p.a] ________________________________________________ yaic.a] x.Tew: ~yJixih.Anm' %l'-vQ.d>Tiw: 23 ________________________________________________ `Ht'Amx]-ta.h.-lK' tae WLKi-~ai d[.aTow: 22 ________________________________________________ `rxea.yyI ________________________________________________ hr. tWr-la.

w: !r.li aboY"w: ABli bj.m.a] tae %l' dyGIy: aWhw> ÎT.x/Y<w: hl'y>L. dr.GO-ta.k'v'w>À wyt'l{G>r>m.GOh. aboT'w: ________________________________________________ tb.s.y"w>Ð ________________________________________________ tyLigIw> tab'W ~v'-bK. Îyl. ÎT.w> T.h. T.k.d.[/a.h.v.aeÐ ¿$kÀ yrIm.k.Bi bK.x. ~yrI[oF.l{m.vo hV'ai hNEhiw> tpeL'YIw: vyaih' dr.[' Î%yIt.fiÀ T.Tiw: wyt'l{G>r>m.liw> lkoa/l.y"w> Abk. d[. yhiy>w: 8 ________________________________________________ .fiÐ ¿%tel{m. rv. !r.aTo-rv.yYIw: T. lg:T.GOh. yhiywI 4 ________________________________________________ `!yfi[]T.v'b.aYOw: 7 ________________________________________________ `bK'v.c.r'w> 3 ________________________________________________ `tATv.w: jL'b. ________________________________________________ `hf.________________________________________________ `hl'y>L'h. f[.a] lKo h'yl.w" T. ________________________________________________ ¿yTid>r.-ta.a] ~AqM'h.T.d>r.k'v'w>Ð ¿yTib. !r. AtL{K.v.yI rv. ycix]B.aTow: 5 ________________________________________________ `Ht'Amx] hT'W:ci-rv.vyail' y[id>W"Ti-la.Bo lk.YEw: z[.f.v.Tew: 6 ________________________________________________ hm're[]h' hceq.[.ae rm.a] lkoK.y"w>À %yIl.b.

T.y: ________________________________________________ ¿~Arj.vi hw"hy>-yx.`wyt'l{G>r>m.Boh.v. tk.-d[.Ð ¿Atl'G>r>m.À bK.w> 11 ________________________________________________ `T. ________________________________________________ ^p.ae yKi yMi[. ynIyli 13 ________________________________________________ `rq.b.n"k. ybik.w> 12 ________________________________________________ al{-~aiw> la'g>yI bAj %lea'g>yI-~ai rq. T.-lK' ________________________________________________ bArq' laeGO vyE ~g:w> ykinOa' laegO ÎqqÐ ¿~aiÀ yKi ~n"m. r[.m'a] tWr ykinOa' rm.Bob. yrex]a.l.g>W %lea\g"l.a. tv.-yTil.aTo-rv.deAy yKi %L'-hf.v. ykinOa' %yTil. yrIm.p'W ^t.Boh.h' %Des. Îwyt'AlG>r>m.Tiw: 14 ________________________________________________ .yhe yTiBi hw"hyl.a] lKo yair>yTi-la.-~ai ~yrIWxB. T'f. #Pox.a' lyIx. rm. ________________________________________________ !Arx]a.a. hk'WrB.r. yTiBi hT'[.aTow: Ta'-ymi rm.bil.BiÀ ~q'T'w: rq. !AvarIh'-!mi ________________________________________________ [.a' yKi hT'[.h.-d[.aYOw: 9 ________________________________________________ `hT'a' laegO yKi ^t.[/a. hy"h'w> hl'y>L.x.aYOw: 10 ________________________________________________ `ryvi['-~aiw> lD.m'a]-l[.j.h.

aeÐ ¿$kÀ rm.w: yTiBi T.Ð ________________________________________________ `!r.['-rv. rb'D'h. rm.yI ________________________________________________ Ruth Chapter Four .n" hL. ________________________________________________ al{ yKi rb'D' lPoyI %yae !y[id>Te rv.j.aYOw: Wh[ere-ta.a.a]-lK' ________________________________________________ Îyl. yTibi ybiv.-vve ________________________________________________ tae Hl'-dG<T. vyai ryKiy: Î~r.aYOw: 15 ________________________________________________ `ry[ih' aboY"w: h'yl. ~q'yre yaiAbT'-la.w> %yIl.GOh. rm.a' yKi yli !t.Mih. hL'Ki-~ai-yKi vyaih' jqov.aTow: 17 ________________________________________________ `%teAmx]-la.B.aTow: Ht'Amx]-la.aTow: Hb'-yzIx\a. ybih' rm.Y"w: ~yrI[of.aTow: 18 ________________________________________________ `~AYh. ________________________________________________ dm'Y"w: HB' zx.W"yI-la.h.-ymi rm.aeh' ~yrI[oF.P.[' tv.-vve rm.hV'aih' ha'b'-yKi [d.j.a] d[. aAbT'w: 16 ________________________________________________ `vyaih' Hl'-hf'[' rv.a] tx.

rv. la.ZImi ~yvin"a] hr'f'[] xQ. ykinOa'w> lAag>li ^t.Bo-rB.aew>À yLi hd'yGIh. hPohb'v. .-~ve ~yqih'l.l'Wz !yae yKi ________________________________________________ tWr taemeW ymi[\n" dY:mi hd.a' ynIa]w: 4 ________________________________________________ Îh['d>aew>Ð ¿[d.Y"w: ynImol. ^t.zI dg<n<w> ~ybiv.YIw: 2 ________________________________________________ hr'k.YOh.Bo rm.F'h.h. z[.aYOw: ________________________________________________ `WbveYEw: hpo-Wbv.aYOw: 5 ________________________________________________ tMeh. Wnyxia'l. hr'Ws rm. hl'[' z[.a] rbe[o laeGOh. ymi[\n" ________________________________________________ ynEq. laeGOl.g>a. tq. hNEhiw> ~v' bv.a. ykinOa' rm.m' %l.boW 1 ________________________________________________ `bveYEw: rs. ________________________________________________ `la'g>a. rmoale ^n>z>a' hl.g>yI al{-~aiw> la'G> la.ae hY"bia]AMh.aYOw: ry[ih' ynEq.x. Îht'ynIq'Ð ¿ytiynIq'À tMeh. rm.z[.mi hb'V'h.-tv.V. rm. ynIl{P.a] hd.aYOw: ^yr.Anq.DI rv.ylia/l. dg<n< hnEq.F'h.m.g>Ti-~ai yMi[.aYOw: 3 ________________________________________________ `ba'Am hdeF.YEw: r[. yTir>m.x]a.l.-~AyB.

G> ytil'x]n:-ta.ae hY"bia]Moh. laeGOh. yliÎ-la'g>liÐ ¿-lAag>liÀ lk. ~ydI[e ~['h'lk'w> ~ynIqeZ>l.W !Ayl.-l[.h.bol. ________________________________________________ ~YEq.h. rm. laer'f.v' rb'D'-lK' ________________________________________________ `Al[]n: @l{v. ________________________________________________ tyxiv. ~g:w> 10 ________________________________________________ r[. tazOw> 7 ________________________________________________ `laer'f. hr'WmT.-~ve treK'yI-al{w> Atl'x]n:-l[.a.Bo rm. ________________________________________________ ~yqih'l.-l[.aYOw: 8 ________________________________________________ ytiynIq' yKi ~AYh.aYOw: 9 ________________________________________________ `ymi[\n" dY:mi !Alx.miW wyx'a.l.yIB.w> hL'WaG>h.YIw: %l'-hnEq. rm. tv. hd'W[T.m.-la. z[.V.yIB. tWr-ta.m.-~ve ________________________________________________ .n"w> Al[]n: vyai @l. ^l.-!P.________________________________________________ `Atl'x]n:-l[.aYOw: 6 ________________________________________________ `laog>li lk. tMeh.a. ~ynIp'l.Wa-al{ yKi ytiL'auG>-ta. ~T. hT'a. hV'ail. tazOw> Wh[erel. rv.kil. ~[ime tMeh.Wa al{ laeGOh.a]-lK' taew> %l. !t.a]-lK'ta.ylia/l. rv. yli ytiynIq' !Alx.m. z[.

ae aboY"w: hV'ail.a] ________________________________________________ hw"hy> !TeYIw: h'yl.Tew: !Ayr'he Hl' ________________________________________________ tyBiv. ha'B'h. areQ'yIw> ~AYh.-rv. hr'[]N:h.yIB. ~yviN"h.yBe-la.l'ƒtybeB. tybeK.aTow: 14 ________________________________________________ `laer'f.w: tWr-ta. ________________________________________________ `~x.`~AYh.Z<h.yI tyBe-ta.n< byvimel. yKi %teb'yfe-ta. lKel.a.W lxer'K.a.w> r[.a] ha'lek.aYOw: 11 ________________________________________________ ~h. ~ydI[e AmAqm. %l' hy"h'w> 15 ________________________________________________ . z[.l.-!mi ^l. ________________________________________________ [r. ^t.k. hn"r>m. WnB' rv.hi al{ rv.P.a] hw"hy> %WrB' ymi[\n"-la.Bo xQ.ybe yhiywI 12 ________________________________________________ `taZOh.W ht'r'p. ________________________________________________ hw"hy> !TeyI ~ydI[e ~ynIqeZ>h.YIw: 13 ________________________________________________ `!Be dl.V. Al-yhiT.a] ~['h'-lK' Wrm. hw"hy> !TeyI rv.yTev. ^t.B. hV'aih'-ta.-hfe[]w: laer'f. Amv.-!mi hd'Whyli rm't' hd'l. ~T.y"rv. lyIx.W vp.B. ~ve-ar'q. laeGO %l' ________________________________________________ %teL'k.a] #r.

Vimi %l' hb'Aj ayhi-rv. dyliAh dbe[ow> 22 ________________________________________________ . #r.w: Hq'yxeb.boW z[. dyliAh #r.x.x. !Be-dL. dyliAh !Arc. ________________________________________________ `!Arc.b.-ta. dyliAh bd'n"yMi[.q.aew> 18 ________________________________________________ `bd'n"yMi[.w> 19 ________________________________________________ `hm'l.P' tAdl.f.w: dl.n:ta.-ta.Tiw: ymi[\n"l.hea]-rv. dyliAh ~r'w> ~r'-ta.aol.P. Al-yhiT.n:w> !Avx.AT hL. ymi[\n" xQ. dyliAh yv. dyliAh z[.-ta.q.a] WTd.Tiw: 17 ________________________________________________ @ `dwId' ybia] yv.a] ________________________________________________ `tn<m. WhteviT.-ta.Bo-ta.yIw> yv'yI-ta.Tiw: 16 ________________________________________________ hn"ar.w> 21 ________________________________________________ `dwID'-ta.yI-ybia] aWh dbeA[ Amv.`~ynIB' h['b.Y<h.w> 20 ________________________________________________ `dbeA[-ta.yU rmoale ~ve tAnkeV.l'y> %t.f.h. dyliAh !Aml. dyliAh !Avx. Al hn"ar.

Together. the grandson will be king after him. which will also be renewed." But they will soon realize their error. his son will become king. There is little doubt in my mind that the Catholic Church -. and we will live forever on this. the child of two human parents. which means that our souls will return to our bodies. but in any case from the beginning he will lead all the Jews. He will reinstate the Sanhedrin. The King Messiah will be very active in the Holy Temple.will challenge him. I mean that none of the Jews will challenge him. and call him the "antichrist. and they will reinstate the High Priest. I hope and plan to quote many of the verses from Tanach (Jewish Bible) in a separate article one of these days. once it is understood who he is. .) The Messiah will be a human being. but since so many people write me about this subject. When he dies.and perhaps many Protestant Churches as well -. One of the primary ways that we know that jesus was not the Messiah was [is] simply because he did not fulfill any of the Messianic prophecies. and then the World to Come will begin and last for all eternity. evidently this article needs to be here at this site as well.What the Messiah is Supposed to Do. He will be by unbroken patrilineal descent the undisputed heir of King David. they will rebuild the Holy Temple. This article will not add anything new to what they have written. Many people have written on this subject. this world will come to an end. After the grandson's reign. I shall write some of what has been written by the Rabbis. The King Messiah will live a very long life. earth. (When I say unchallenged. It is possible that the Messiah will not be anointed king until after the Holy Temple has been rebuilt. Sacrifices will once again be brought at the Holy Temple. and his son will be king after him. He will be king." The King Messiah will reinstate the royal dynasty of David to its ancestral regal status. our highest court. of course. The Messiah will be the unchallenged king of all Jews everywhere in the world. Likewise. because they will have no power against the true and only Messiah. Numerous Rabbis or the post-Talmudic era have collected these teachings and written about them. We will be resurrected. the Oral Torah has much to say about this as well. (To write in detail all the Talmudic and Midrashic passages would be too much for me to do. both in books and online. also after a long life. The world will be dormant for one thousand years. When his son dies. The word "messiah" is Hebrew for "annointed.) He will be anointed with the special anointing oil that the Prophets used when appointing kings. The Prophets have written a great deal about what the Messiah will do when he comes.

Nevertheless. no hardships. of blessed memory. He will certainly not start a new religion. ever again. and the King Messiah will teach the world how to live in peace. but they will not succeed. He will also restore the family systems within each Tribe as they had originally functioned. He will cause all Jews in the entire world to fulfill the Commandments of the Torah. everyone alive. Rav Shlomoh Freifeld. And no one will have any reason to fear anyone else. There will be utter peace in the world. and to uphold and strengthen the one and only true Judaism. The Messiah will not cause any changes in the Commandments. If everyone repents. there will be no poverty. When the Messianic Era comes. Likewise. unless everyone repents first. The lost Ten Tribes of Israel will be restored to the Kingdom of Israel. he will succeed in getting all the nations of the world. This does not mean that they will convert and become Jews.The Messiah will lead us in war to defend us when enemies of the Jews begin the War of Gog and Magog. There will be no racism or other forms of oppression. People won't even study warfare or battle tactics anymore. not a single nation will dare consider waging war. and no nation will rule over any other. The enemies of the Jews will attempt to destroy us. The nations will send their emissaries to the King Messiah. The King Messiah will be extremely learned in Torah and absolutely observant of all the Commandments as taught and explained in the Oral and Written Torah. the War of Gog and Magog will not take place. great destruction will take place. nor will he add to them or subtract from them. The King Messiah and the Sanhedrin will restore the Sabbatical system and the Jubilee (which involve seven-year counts and a fifty-year count). It means that they will keep the Seven Laws that Hashem commanded the children of Noah. no reason for jealousy or competition. The great Rabbi. and how to want to live in peace. said in a talk he once gave that I attended that the Messiah will be a great teacher. nor will his followers start a new religion. Good things will be easily available to everyone. ever again. Then. for as long as this world will last. After the King Messiah has been victorious. to acknowledge and serve the One True G-d. Hashem. and the King Messiah will rule all twelve Tribes. The King Messiah will gather the scattered Jews from all over the world. He will uphold and restore complete performance of the commandments and complete obedience to Hashem and His Torah. The Messiah will regain the entire Land of Israel for the Jews. and no . everyone in the world will enjoy eternal peace. and the boundaries of the land will be as great as those promised to Abraham. as well as all other Commandments that we are unable to fulfill today. no war. as they have been attempting to do for millennia.

could not have been the Messiah. Those are the Messiah's essential purposes. may or may not perform miracles. the Messiah will come quickly. "In its time I will bring it quickly" (Isaiah 60:21). and the Torah commands us to obey the righteous. except maybe as history. if he is not righteous. The Torah says. There will no longer be any missionaries. Performing miracles is not particularly meaningful. The King Messiah may decide not to perform overt miracles. The Messiah's purpose is to bring about the return of the Jews from exile. . to raise our conciousness to a high level of fear and love of Hashem. to restore our united practice of the Commandments of the Torah. Everything anyone needs will be easily and quickly available. and many representatives of all the nations will also come to learn wisdom from him and get his advice. Our primary concern will be in growing more and more spiritual. If we do not repent. and we will all enjoy doing this. His wisdom will be recognized by all. the Messiah will nevertheless come at the deadline (Sanhedrin 98a). In every generation. Even bringing peace and affluence to the world will be only so that the world will be able to peacefully pursue our purpose of serving Hashem through Torah study and prayer -. and we won't have to argue with people about whether or not the Messiah has come. What I'm driving at here is that all the miracles in the universe do not make someone Messiah. when he comes. and to reinstate the Jewish kingdom in the Holy Land of Israel as Hashem originally established it under King David. Nor would the miracles be very significant. The Talmud explains that there are two ways the Messiah can come. but he will nevertheless be immediately recognized as a man who can judge the inner essence and spirituality of people. no matter how many miracles they claim he performed. so that good things will seem to grow on trees. Hashem has established a final time.Jews as Jews. shape or form. before the deadline. The real Messiah. And no one in the universe will have any doubt that the Messiah has come. since the Messiah will be an obviously righteous man. If we repent. jesus. the potential exists for the Messiah to come. but he will certainly not contradict the Torah in any way. The Messiah will not need to perform any miracles to prove who he is. Everyone in the world will see the prophecies fulfilled. If we merit it. a deadline. and no one will be teaching anyone else about any other religions. the Redemption will come quickly. and we will see many open and overt miracles.boredom. and there will be no doubts about any of it. in speaking of the coming of the Messiah. and Gentiles as Gentiles. who contradicted the Torah.

and he will oppress us until we repent. and there will be no or few open miracles. said that the war of Gog and Magog will take place in three stages. right this very minute. the Messiah can come even now. How is this possible? In each generation there is one (or more) righteous person who is worthy of being the Messiah. He predicted that the second stage would be much worse. Maimonides teaches that the Messiah can even be an unknown righteous person. If we all repent. And to destroy us. he said. they base it on the person's notoriety. the potential Messiah of this generation will become the Messiah. and passed away. doing what he must do privately and quietly. This is an error. the potential Messiah of each generation has lived his life. as do all people. the leading Rabbi around a century ago.it will happen in stages. he will set into motion the war of Gog and Magog. Some people think that the greatest person. and all of us brought into the Messianic Era. since we have not all fully repented. If we make ourselves ready for the Messiah. And there will be war first. Often. and the potential Messiah of the generation will thereupon become the actual Messiah. the most righteous person of each generation is the potential Messiah of that generation. But if we repent. and even one left behind is too many. which you may have heard of under the inexplicable name of "Armageddon. We make the mistake of thinking that we always know who the most righteous person of every generation is." The great Chofetz Chayim. He himself has no idea that he is the potential Messiah of that generation. Hashem will send the Spirit of Messiah that He created before He created the universe. Please understand something: Hashem loves and wants all of His children. So we can't look at any particular group and expect their . if we have not repented by then. if the generation repents and the time is right for the Messiah to come. Hashem will cause a king as evil as Haman to pass laws against us. and he predicted the precise year of the beginning of World War Two. the people at large have no idea who the potential Messiah is. and he was not born the Messiah. He wants none to be left out when the Messiah comes. Certainly. Hashem therefore wants all Jews to repent. was World War One. In every generation. completely unaware that he would have been the Messiah. The Messiah will then proceed to fulfill all the Prophecies that he is destined to fulfill. because we can't read minds and we don't know what's in anyone's hearts. The first stage. whether righteous or not. Note that he is not yet the Messiah. But this is an error. a quiet. And we simple people are in any case not capable of judging who is more righteous than who. Hashem will make the potential Messiah of the generation into the actual Messiah. Just a few won't do.If we do not merit the Redemption when the deadline comes. private person that not too many people know about. He was simply a very righteous person. It will take longer to happen. The most righteous person could live in secret.

righteousness to bring the Messiah. continue to pray and continue to hope that the Messiah will come..html Reveals the error. because Hashem has promised that he will come. http://www. trinity.angelfire. For we know that the Messiah will come. Jewish Law requires us to pray that the redemption and the Messiah come soon.com/soul/). and to eagerly anticipate it happening.org/cr/index.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet. and may he come quickly. even though he did not come yesterday. To learn more about the Messianic Era. Jesus. very soon. http://www. Christianity.. go to the "Life. each day.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.TorahAtlanta.htm Archive of Articles.kosherjudaism. and also the World to Come. messiah.beingjewish.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.com/counter.com Response to Missionaries www. Each and every one of us must work to improve ourselves.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.MessiahTruth. May it be Hashem's will that we all merit the coming of the Messiah immediately. We must. http://jdstone. distortions and falsehood of. and the Soul Gateway (http://www. the Afterlife.jewsforjudaism. and he did not come this morning. .outreachjudaism...org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults." PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.

that this is all true and that they need to accept Jesus as Messiah in order to become "completed Jews". (a) that he failed to qualify for the job. and (b) even though it is claimed he was appointed to the position. The reality is that the messianic agenda. which are to be completed during the reign of (mashi'ah). In fact. Christianity's candidate for this position. along with passages from the New Testament as "evidence" of their fulfillment by Jesus. JOB REQUISITION: . INTRODUCTION Christianity is based on the claim that Jesus is the Messiah who fulfilled all the prophecies in the Hebrew Bible. This information is then cast into a "Job Requisition" that serves as a template that for of the evaluating the suitability of a claimant to this position. This essay focuses on what the Hebrew Bible teaches concerning the qualifications and expectations . unfortunate situations occur when Christian missionaries use this material for the purpose of Jewish evangelism. JUDAISM'S MESSIAH A "Job Requisition" template for the position of Jewish Messiah. consists of a mere handful of significant items. has been developed to describe who. as described in the Hebrew Bible. this template is applied to Jesus. the promised Jewish Messiah. shown in Table II-1. Specifically. particularly those who are perceived as lacking a good Jewish education. 1 . he did not do the job right. and what he is expected to accomplish. II.MESSIAH WANTED! I. what his known attributes are. and demonstrates. many Christian missionary websites list hundreds of "Old Testament" prophecies. They try to convince their Jewish targets. this person will be. Further elaboration on its contents follows the table. Although it is not the spiritual concern of Judaism and of the Jewish community at large whether Christians choose to believe these claims are true. according to the Hebrew Bible.

Ezek 37:22) World peace (e.. it is not possible to possess any prior job experience. 2.g.g. 7.. Be the seed (a direct descendant) of King David.g. the following: 1. These must include. the following: 1. Is 26:19) A. and they are specified in the Hebrew Bible. 5.. Ezek 37:26-28) In-gathering of Jewish exiles to Israel (e. 3. The successful candidate will be expected to bring about certain conditions as part of his sovereignty. None The successful candidate will have attributes that must include. Mal 3:23-24[4:5-6]) Building the Third Temple in Jerusalem (e.. Qualifications The Qualifications of candidates for the job of Jewish Messiah are the pre-requisites for consideration. within one lifetime. 2 Sam 7:12-16) Be a spiritual and military/political leader (e. Performance Appraisal Criteria 3. Is 11:12) Reunification of Judah and Israel into one people (e...g. Arrival of Elijah the Prophet (e. Is 2:4) Universal knowledge of G-d (e. 11:2. through King Solomon (e.g. B. but not necessarily be limited to. sitting on the throne of King David. this job has never before been filled. Is 11:9) Resurrection of the dead (e.. and to preside over the people of Israel as their king.g. as foretold in the Hebrew Bible. Consequently.the Jewish Messiah To usher in the messianic era.g. 2 . as described in the Hebrew Bible. Prior Job Experience Although Jewish tradition holds that in every generation there lives a person who is worthy of being the promised Jewish Messiah. Is 2:3. Ezek 46:16-17) Qualifications 2. but not necessarily be limited to.Table II-1 – "Job Requisition" for the Position Available Job Description Job Requirements Prior Job Experience ..g. 6. though some will commence prior to his being identified as the Messiah. 4. To execute and successfully complete the messianic agenda..g.g.. Dan 7:14) Be married and have children during his term (e.

and I shall make firm the throne of his kingdom forever. and let Him teach us of His ways. "Come. 3. 37:24-25. and he shall be to Me as a son. Ezek 34:23-24. then it shall be his [the servant's] until the year of liberty. honor. and I shall give him peace from all his enemies around about. an authority who will influence all of Israel to follow Torah in an environment created by his spiritual leadership: Isaiah 2:3 . it is his inheritance to remain in their possession. his dominion is an eternal dominion that will never be removed. and they will be entitled to inherit his property: Ezekiel 46:16-17 – (16) Thus says the L-rd G-d: "If the Prince gives a gift to any of his sons. will have children (via marriage) at some point in time during his reign. only to his sons shall his inheritance belong. 28:3-7. 37:24]. for Solomon will be his name. Jer 23:5. and then it returns to the Prince. and tongues will serve him. there is a clear indication that the Prince. and emerge victorious within the constraints that they engender. As an ordinary mortal. he will be a man of peace." for out of Zion shall the Torah come forth. that which will issue from your loins. The Messiah will defeat and conquer the enemies surrounding Israel. who is the Messiah/King [see Ezek 34:23-24. (16) And your dynasty and your kingdom shall be confirmed before you forever. to the House of the G-d of Jacob. let us go up to the L-rd's mount. and his kingship will not be destroyed.He has been given dominion. and the Word of the L-rd from Jerusalem. Seed of David through Solomon The Messiah will be a biological descendant of King David from the branch that goes through Solomon. he lives/will live in a world of recognizable realities of military requirements and political alignments. and he shall be to Me a son. then I shall raise up your seed after you. so that all peoples. [See also Is 11:1. and I shall give peace and quiet to Israel in his days. a "flesh & blood" human being.] 1 Chronicles 22:9-10 – (9) Behold a son will be born to you. and I shall establish his kingdom. (10) He shall build a House in My Name. Nevertheless.] 2. 33:15. 1 Chron 17:11-15. so that when he goes astray I will chastise him with the rod of men and with afflictions of human beings. whom I removed from before you. since Solomon is the one who built the Temple: 2 Samuel 7:12-16 – (12) When your days will be completed and you will lie with your forefathers. your throne will remain firm forever. 3 . (14) I shall be to him a Father. it is their property by inheritance. (15) But My mercy shall not move away from him as I removed [it] from Saul. and they shall say. Spiritual and Military/Political Leader of Israel The Messiah will be steeped in Torah. his political leadership will be well recognized throughout the world: Daniel 7:14 . Married with Children Although marriage and children are not stated pre-requisites for being the Messiah. nations. [See also 1 Kgs 8:15-20.And many nations shall go. and we will go in His paths. and kingship.1. and I shall prepare the throne of his kingdom forever. He will have to deal with these realities. (13) He shall build a Temple for My sake. and I to him as a Father. 30:9. (17) But if he gives a gift of his inheritance to one of his servants. 22:9-10.

Zech 10:6-10. and I will establish them. heralding the commencement of the messianic era: Malachi 3:23[4:5] – Behold.] Later on. [See also 43:5-6.Chapter 37 in the Book of Ezekiel: Ezekiel 37:26-28 – (26) And I will form a covenant of peace for them. 3. Arrival of Elijah the Prophet Elijah the prophet will precede the Messiah and "pave the way" for his arrival.And he [Messiah] shall set up a banner for the nations. 1.] 5.C. disputes between countries will be settled through peaceful means and not by war: 4 . World Peace The Messiah will be recognized as a fair judge and peacemaker. (27) And My dwelling place shall be over them. an everlasting covenant shall be with them. Jer 16:15. Ezek 37:16-21. and I will place My Sanctuary in their midst forever. Reunification of Judah and Israel into One People The messianic agenda calls for the restoration of a unified kingdom for the people of Israel: Ezekiel 37:22 . In-Gathering of Jewish Exiles to Israel The Messiah will repatriate the Jewish people from the Diaspora to the promised land of Israel in preparation for the repair of the schism that followed Solomon's reign: Isaiah 11:12 . and they shall no longer be as two nations. and gather the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth. and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel.] 4. and I will be to them for a G-d. and in the messianic era. [See also the "lead-in". Building the Third Temple in Jerusalem The presence of the Third Temple is envisioned in what is. 2. 23:3.And I will make them into one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel. Performance Appraisal Criteria The Performance Appraisal Criteria comprise several significant messianic agenda items against which the performance of a qualified candidate for the job of Jewish Messiah must be evaluated. Ezekiel Chapters 40-48. and I will multiply them. (28) And the nations shall know that I am the L-rd who sanctifies Israel. and they shall be to Me as a people. Is 11:13. Ezek 37:21-22. in Chapters 40-48. and one king shall be to them all as a king. Ezekiel provides detailed descriptions of the Third Temple and the ritual services to be held within its walls. and they shall not be divided into two kingdoms anymore. perhaps. when My Sanctuary is in their midst forever. I will send you Elijah the Prophet before the coming of the great and awesome day of the L-rd. one of the most detailed and vivid descriptions of the messianic era to be found in the Hebrew Bible . [See also Is 33:20.

but not all.g. whose credentials and performance will be evaluated using the requirements listed in the "Job Requisition". [See also .] 6. Mk 12:35).Isaiah 2:4 .g. Qualifications – Did Jesus Qualify for the Job? 1.. of the dead will come back to life. [See also Ezek 37:12-13. nation shall not lift up a sword against nation.. awaken and sing. CHRISTIANITY'S CANDIDATE – APPRAISAL OF QUALIFICATIONS & PERFORMANCE According to the New Testament.A. for a dew of lights is your dew. cannot be transmitted in any other manner. for the land shall be as filled with the knowledge of the L-rd. Zech 14:9. B. Prior Job Experience According to the explanation given in Section II. and [to the] earth You shall cast the slackers.And he [the Messiah] shall judge among the nations. A. tribal lineage . including adoption. impregnated the "Virgin Mary". Since. the manner of his allegedly miraculous "Virgin Birth" (e. according to the New Testament. not Joseph. The righteous will live in bliss. the Messiah of Christianity is Jesus.g. and he shall reprove many peoples.] 7. Dan 12:2.. therefore. [See also Jer 31:33[34]. and they shall beat their swords into plowshares. you who dwell in the dust. According to Jewish Law (e.a blood right . and they shall not learn war anymore. and as Christianity's candidate for the job. Mt 1:1. Num 1:18). Micah 4:3-4. 'My corpses shall rise.] III. Jesus has no identifiable tribal lineage. Is 11:6-8.is passed exclusively by a father to his biological sons (via the Y-Chromosome) and. the Holy Ghost. Seed of David through Solomon Although the New Testament authors claim that Jesus was the "son of David" (e.May Your dead live. Rather than accept (on faith) the claims made by Christian missionaries about Jesus being the (Jewish) Messiah promised in the Hebrew Bible. as the waters cover the sea bed. Resurrection of the Dead Most. and the wicked will live in misery: Isaiah 26:19 . he will be considered here as an applicant for the position of Jewish Messiah. Jesus satisfied this criterion. and as confirmed by recent genetic research. Lk 1:2735) rules out the possibility of a Davidic lineage for him. and their spears into pruning hooks. 5 .They shall not harm and not destroy on all of My holy mountain. Mt 1:18-25. Universal Knowledge of G-d There will prevail a universal knowledge of G-d that will put an end to destruction and violence: Isaiah 11:9 .

Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies.Another problem with the claim to the Davidic throne by Jesus is the matter of the two hopelessly irreconcilable genealogies in the New Testament (Mt 1:1-17. rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do. this is not the same as biological children.g. for they are unprofitable and vain.. and contentions. wrote: 1 Timothy 1:4(KJV) . Married with Children Was Jesus ever married and did he (biologically) father any children? The authors of the New Testament are silent on this matter. which must not be given heed and should be avoided. the evaluation process continues in order to determine whether he performed that job as required. teaches Christians that some parts of the Bible – genealogies in this case. which are also referred to as seed. Arrival of Elijah the Prophet Jesus claimed that John the Baptist was Elijah: 6 .But avoid foolish questions. Perhaps this is the reason that Paul. Jn 18:39). recognizing the problems with these two genealogies. and progeny. 3. there is no historical record or other validated evidence to substantiate that Jesus ever served in such a capacity. or that he ever led soldiers to war and was victorious on the battlefield. Jesus never married nor did he father any children. he does not possess the requisite "Qualifications" to be a viable candidate for the job. too. According to the New Testament. since that genealogy goes through Solomon's brother Nathan and. Titus 3:9(KJV) . Conclusion: Jesus failed to qualify as candidate for the job. there exists no extant factual evidence that he was ever recognized as a Torah scholar and authority. Lk 3:23-38). However. Therefore. Mk 15:9. this is a moot point. Spiritual and Military/Political Leader of Israel When did Jesus serve as spiritual and military/political leader of a unified people of Israel? Though Jesus is referred to as "King of the Jews" in the Four Gospels (e. 2. which include those of Jesus – are akin to fables and foolish questions. and strivings about the law. a female's genealogy is irrelevant to lineage according to the Hebrew Bible. 1. Though Christians generally refer to themselves as the "spiritual" children of Jesus. Christians still cannot agree on whether the genealogy in the Gospel of Luke belongs to Joseph or to Mary. Performance Appraisal Criteria – Did Jesus Do the Job Right? Christianity has claimed Jesus as its Messiah. Moreover. and genealogies. to whom Christian missionaries refer as "Rabbi". Mt 27:29. offspring. Lk 23:38. "Candidate" Jesus passes the "Prior Job Experience" test. Either way. which minister questions. Note here how Paul. C.

and that the Third Temple has not yet been built. according to the New Testament. alleged to have been Elijah.E. Yet. Art thou he that should come? or look we for another? (20) When the men were come unto him. was mistreated: Matthew 17:12(KJV) . Jesus also claimed that Elijah. but have done unto him whatsoever they listed.Matthew 11:10-14(KJV) – (10) For this is he.But I say unto you. (12) And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence. John the Baptist himself denied it: John 1:21(KJV) . testifies to the fact that the Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 C. which was for to come. testifies to the fact that not only where the all the Jewish people not repatriated to the Holy Land. Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them.E. how is it possible that he will not know who the Messiah is? Does this make any sense? The conclusion is that Elijah has not yet returned. In-Gathering of Jewish Exiles to Israel The authors of the New Testament are silent on whether this occurred during the lifetime of Jesus. lest I come and smite the earth with a curse.C. this is Elias. Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. Art thou he that should come? or look we for another? Given that Elijah will be the one announcing the arrival of the Messiah. they were exiled and dispersed into the Diaspora much more than what happened during the previous exile following the destruction of the First Temple in 586 B. and the heart of the children to their fathers. Behold. I am not. The historical record of the first century C. and they knew him not. when he showed up. Art thou that prophet? And he answered. 2. Building the Third Temple in Jerusalem The authors of the New Testament are silent about Jesus having built the Third Temple in Jerusalem. nowhere in the Hebrew Bible is such treatment of Elijah foretold.And they asked him. saying.. Yet. (14) And if ye will receive it. That Elias is come already. saying. they said. it seems that John the Baptist. of whom it is written. John Baptist hath sent us unto thee. and his mission will be the opposite of that which is described in the New Testament: Malachi 4:5-6(KJV)[3:23-24 in the Hebrew Bible] – (5) Behold. 7 . No. I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD: (6) And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children. 3.E. I send my messenger before thy face. which shall prepare thy way before thee. What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith. was rather unsure about Jesus being the Messiah: Luke 7:19-20(KJV) – (19) And John calling unto him two of his disciples sent them to Jesus. The historical record of the first century C. and there is no mention of the Third Temple built after his death on the cross. (11) Verily I say unto you. and the violent take it by force. Moreover. (13) For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.E.

was raging all over the region of the Holy Land and elsewhere in the known world of that time. the Messiah of Christianity. Together. this was not yet the situation at the time of the writing of Hebrews during the first century C. Candidate's Score Card As was already demonstrated.E. and that a new religion. 5. D.E. cited in Hebrews 8:8. Universal Knowledge of G-d The historical record of the first century C. further diverted people from a universal knowledge of G-d. and the conflicting accounts in the New Testament lead to the conclusion that no resurrection of the dead ever took place. Yet. Table III. testifies to the fact that paganism was rampant. Resurrection of the Dead Both the historical record of the first century C. Reunification of Judah and Israel into One People According to a misquoted verse from the Hebrew Bible. 6. not peace. satisfied each of the listed requirements. the results of the two phases of the evaluation clearly demonstrate that Jesus did not meet the requirements that would entitle him to the title of Jewish Messiah. it was actually possible to evaluate his performance on the job using the criteria provided in the Hebrew Bible. 7.E. 8 . The performance of "Candidate" Jesus did not meet the stated "Performance Appraisal Criteria". Eight centuries after the destruction of the Northern Kingdom of Israel with its population dispersed into exile by Assyria. Conclusion: Jesus failed to do the job right. testifies to the fact that war. only a Judean remnant populated the Holy Land.D-1 replicates the "Job Requisition" and includes a scoring column to indicate whether "candidate" Jesus. World Peace The historical record of the first century C. which quickly embraced many of these pagan principles.E. and that the story of the alleged "rising from the dead" of Jesus is a myth. owing to the fact that he is the declared Messiah of Christianity. Jesus did not possess the necessary credentials to qualify him as a candidate for the position of Jewish Messiah.4.

g. the following: 1. 9 . but not necessarily be limited to.g..g.. Be a spiritual and military/political leader (e. World peace (e. and the New Testament contains the "evidence" of the fulfillment of the messianic prophecies in the "Old Testament". Christianity's "candidate" for the position of Jewish Messiah.. Ezek 37:26-28) 3.. 2 Sam 7:12-16) 2. These must include. Is 2:3) 3. qualify for the job? The scores on the Qualifications in Table III. Christianity has proclaimed Jesus as it's Messiah. Resurrection of the dead (e. but not necessarily be limited to. 10 "No" Met? Yes Qualifications No No No Performance Appraisal Criteria No No No No No No No "Candidate" Jesus. Mal 3:23-24[4:5-6]) 2. Is 11:9) 7. on being a qualified candidate for the job: Question: Did Jesus.. satisfied one out of the eleven requirements described in the "Job Requisition" for the position of Jewish Messiah. Universal knowledge of G-d (e. Does he qualify for the title of Jewish Messiah? Would you hire him? Conclusion: Jesus was a failed candidate for the job of Jewish Messiah. Arrival of Elijah the Prophet (e.g.g. and this is accomplished with the following pair of questions and answers. Is 26:19) Criteria Satisfied: 1 "Yes". These are two incompatible perspectives. First. Be married and have children during (e.. through King Solomon (e.D-1 provide the answer: Answer: Jesus did not possess the requisite qualifications for the job. The purpose of the analysis presented in this essay was to resolve this situation.g. the position of Jewish Messiah has not yet been filled and remains vacant to this day.. Is 2:4) 6. though some will commence prior to his being identified as Messiah. Is 11:12) 4. the Messiah of Christianity.D-1 – Did Christianity's candidate meet the job requirements? Category Prior Job Experience Requirements None The successful candidate will have attributes that must include.g.. the following: 1.g.. in fact. IV. Be a direct descendant of King David. and as the historical record testifies. Building the Third Temple in Jerusalem (e.g. Christian missionaries to the Jewish people try to impress on their Jewish targets that Jesus is. the promised Jewish Messiah. In-gathering of Jewish exiles to Israel (e. Reunification of Judah and Israel into one people (Ezek 37:22) 5. SUMMARY According to the requirements stated in the Hebrew Bible.Table III. Ezek 46:16-17) The successful candidate will be expected to bring about certain conditions as part of his sovereignty.

htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.drazin.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.outreachjudaism.MessiahTruth. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www. e. In fact. do the job right? The scores on the Performance Appraisal Criteria in Table III.org/gbn12. and although he may tarry. are those used in Christian Bibles.angelfire.gracenet.html Reveals the error.g.org/cr/index.beingjewish.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home. The events detailed in the Hebrew Bible as part of the messianic agenda did not occur nor have they been fulfilled. Jesus & Christianity http://www. Copyright © 2001-2005. and long after his death.jewsforjudaism.simpletoremember. 300+ Messianic Prophecies: Prophecies From the Old Testament that Reveal that Jesus is the Messiah . www. 10 .simplyjewish. the Jewish Messiah. the Messiah of Christianity.org/phpBB2/index.com. concerning performance on the job: Question: Did Jesus. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike.org Response to Missionaries www.MessiahTruth.htm Archive of Articles. even to the present time.jewsforjudaism.http://www.com/counter.kosherjudaism. remains open! RaMBaM's 12th Principle of Faith I believe with complete faith in the coming of the .html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www. One such example is. Uri Yosef for http://www.php Jews for Judaism . and quite to the contrary.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.. history teaches that exactly the opposite conditions prevailed from the alleged time of the birth of Jesus.gotell. messiah.Second. The position of . All rights reserved.D-1 provide the answer: Answer: Jesus did not meet the performance objectives of the job. http://jdstone.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no.att. I will eagerly await his coming every day. trinity.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.TorahAtlanta. [4:5-6]. during his ministry.htm Chapter/Verse numbers shown in square brackets.

very few have been bold enough to place the blame where it belongs. There are numerous verses found in the New Testament which have caused the blood of countless Jews to be shed throughout history. . Maybe they can be explained. oppressions and pogroms in which Jews have suffered. and let history be the judge as to whether or not the roots of Christian anti-Semitism lie within the New Testament. Let history itself be our witness.” in which he maintained that anti-Semitism begins with the New Testament. and even to violently assault Jews in the name of Christ and his church. Bible-intoxicated Christians through the ages have thrown in the teeth of the Jews the demonic charges of “Christ-killers” and have fanned the flames of Jew-hatred using the New Testament for their justification. These anti-Semitic accounts in the New Testament have taught mankind to hate the Jew. Here are but a few verses from where Christianity borrowed its anti-Semitic sentiments. and deeds committed against Jews by the church and its leaders. As long as the New Testament continues in print (at least in its present form) the Jew will be hated.ANTI-SEMITISM IN THE NEW TESTAMENT Shmuel Golding In recent years. the scriptures can be stretched this way and that way to make them say almost anything. Apart from two voices. but my bone of contention is that whilst those statements remain in print in the form of a holy book. Jules Isaac wrote a book entitled “Jesus et Israel. men will use them to feed their hatred and the Jew will continue to suffer.” is a former pastor by the name of Joachim Kahl. Yet. who dares admit to this in his book “The Misery of Christianity. It will not be hard to prove that the roots of anti-Semitism lie in the New Testament and that its fruits have been plucked and digested by Christians from the earliest times until the present day. and so he set about on a task to counter-refute such claims. many books have been written on the subject of anti-Semitism. Father Gregory Baum states that when he read Isaac’s book it shattered him. yet in the introduction he has to admit that at face value certain passages of the New Testament do appear to be anti-Semitic. but says Father Baum all such verses can be explained. We will examine these verses and compare them with words said. which in my opinion lies in the New Testament itself. none of them attack the root cause of Christian antiSemitism. A writer from the Jewish side. These anti-Semitic statements were and still are the principal cause of all persecutions. apologize as they may. Most of those books blame the church for its hostile teachings which encouraged ignorant devotees to harass. Many Christian writers have openly acknowledged this fact and have called upon the church to make amends. One writer from the gentile camp.

23) “I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews and are not. who both killed the Lord Jesus and their own prophets.12) “O Jerusalem. Which of you convinceth me of sin? And I say the truth. to fill up their sins always: for the wrath is come upon them to the uttermost. “The Jews.” (l Thessalonians 2. how often would I have gathered thy children together even as a hen gathereth her chickens under her wings. thou that killest the prophets and stonest them that are sent unto thee. and ye would not! Behold your house is left unto you desolate.10) .10-14).“The children of the kingdom shall be cast out into outer darkness: there shall be weeping and gnashing of teeth. When he speaks a lie. who subvert whole houses.9) “He that believeth not shall be damned” (Mark 16. and they please not God and are contrary to all men: forbidding us to speak to the Gentiles that they might be saved. and abode not in the truth. why do you not believe me? He that is of God heareth God’s words: ye therefore hear them not. And because I tell you the truth. the same hath not the father” (l John 2. because ye are not of God” (John 8. that denieth the father and the son. that turn from the truth. and in the synagogues ye shall be beaten” (Mark 13. Jerusalem. He was a murderer from the beginning.” (Matthew 23. wherefore rebuke them sharply.51-53) “It was necessary that the word of God should first have been spoken to you: but seeing you put it from you and judge yourself unworthy of everlasting life. for filthy lucre’s sake .” (Revelation 2. specially they of the circumcision: whose mouths must be stopped. he speaketh of his own: for he is a liar and the father of it. “His blood be on us and on our children” (Matthew 27:25).45-51) “For there are many unruly and vain talkers and deceivers. of whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers” (Acts 7. but are the synagogue of Satan .22.16) “Ye are of your father the devil and the lusts of your father ye will do. that they may be sound in the faith. and have persecuted us. ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did.. because there is no truth in him.9. so you do.. not giving heed to Jewish fables and commandments of men. 1 “But take heed to yourselves: for they shall deliver you to councils. ye believe me not. teaching things which they ought not. Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which showed before of the coming of the Just One.38) Then answered all the people (Jews) and said.14-16) “Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is an antichrist.43-47) “Stiff-necked and uncircumcised in heart and ears.” (Titus 1. we turn to the Gentiles” (Acts 13...” (Matthew 8. Whoever denieth the son.37.

the pogroms. denied to live as human beings. Christianity introduced contempt for the Jew and is thus responsible for what happened in the Second World War at the Dachau Concentration camp in Germany and at the Auschwitz concentration camp in Poland. haters of all men. author of “Jesus the Jew. murderers of the prophets. slanderers. have given the impression that the Jews in the time of Jesus were degenerate and cruel and that they are a deicide race. and have not been rooted out of Christian thinking to the present day. scoffers. advocates of the devil. leaven of the Pharisees. persecutions. adversaries of grace. The tragic existence of the Jews during 1900 years in the Diaspora.” St. if not more than any other Christian today.” We will now examine the words of some Christian “saints” and leaders and notice how their anti-Jewish expressions are based on New Testament verses listed earlier in this article. What was started at the Church Council at Nicea in 325 CE was duly completed in the concentration camps and crematories of Christian Germany where six million Jews perished... denied to play as others played.. We say with confidence that they will never be restored to their former condition..” after examining the antiSemitic statements in the New Testament writes: “I believe that because of the anti-Jewish narratives of the New Testament. For they have committed a crime of the most unhallowed kind. Even those fundamentalist lovers of Israel. They have been spread by the church for the last two millennia. the Jews were hounded from one country to another. were in no country at peace.9) These vicious and treacherous New Testament verses.serpents.” St. their psalms and prayers are the braying of donkeys. men of darkened minds. This was all because of the Christian bigotry and hatred in the name of Jesus.“Behold I will make them of the synagogue of Satan. Gregory: “ Jews are slayers of the Lord.Jewish statements in the New Testament... the Historical Jesus. the hatred they experienced. as much. must be mainly attributed to anti. their image is Judas . in no era at peace and finally persecuted and massacred.. haters of God.. Origen: “Their rejection of Jesus has resulted in their present calamity and exile. They. believe that the Jew is guilty of deicide and that his Judaism is an old worn out rag which they wish to replace with their New Testament. stoners and haters of goodness. murders and the destructions they suffered. Moses Bazes. Jerome: “. Obviously it cannot be possible to regard Jesus as none other than the scourge of God for the Jews. in conspiring against the saviour. wicked men. sinners. behold I will make them to come and worship before thy feet. only love the Jews in order to save them from the punishment awaiting them for not having accepted Jesus. denied to work as other people worked. brood of vipers. congregation of demons.” . which say they are Jews and are not but do lie. enemies of God.” (Revelation 3. enemies of their fathers’ faith.

lies. What is more. but of an unclean wild animal . not the cave of a wild animal merely. in perpetual servitude... so as to glorify himself afterwards for having been merciful. rejected race of Jews? First. This is why I am hurrying to pull up this fatal notion by the roots . This is why Christ said: “ask for my enemies. pillaged. I am too feeble to mock such devils. By making themselves unfit for work. as the Devil himself. Augustine: “Judaism is a corruption. and this is the very thing which the Jews have experienced. it is also a den of thieves and a haunt of wild animals . I would do so. accomplishing all the evil the Devil desires. and whatever does not burn up should be covered or spread over with dirt so that no one may ever be able to see a cinder or stone of it.” St. their synagogues should be set on fire. cursing and blasphemy are taught..” “O Lord. Thirdly. Fourthly. and make no mistake. than a true Jew who truly seeks to be a Jew. they should be deprived of their prayerbooks and talmuds in which such idolatry. that aside from the Devil... are hard as wood. as iron. They bear the guilt for the death of the saviour. because of the crimes. more desperate. their homes should be likewise broken down and destroyed. need only turn to the Jews.. for having fortified the . or rather into a servant of the Devil.” “Now whoever wishes to accept venomous serpents. for through their fathers they have killed the Christ. And this ought to be done for the honour of God and of Christianity... you have no enemy more venomous. the Jews are worse than the devils. they are children of the Devil... John Chrysostom: “I know that many people hold a high regard for the Jews and consider their way of life worthy of respect at the present time.” “What then shall we Christians do with this damned. Secondly.. and to honor them. and they have a God who is a past master in this art. 0 adored Christ... and raging against himself: in short. in order that God may see that we are true Christians. who did not want me to reign over them. A place where a whore stands on display is a whorehouse. to let himself be robbed. desperate enemies of the lord. condemned to the flames of hell.. a Jew.” St. their rabbis must be forbidden under threats of death to teach anymore. but they are much stronger than I in raillery.27).. they have become ready for slaughter. When animals are unfit for work. He is called the devil and the wicked spirit. and therefore the princes may regard the possessions of Jews as belonging to the State. they are marked for slaughter. corrupting unhappy souls . corrupted and cursed by them. he can do more: crawl up into their. They have transformed God into the devil.St. as stone. more bitter. Indeed Judas is the image of the Jewish people. In short. a Jewish heart.” The teachings of Martin Luther: “Know. If this is not enough for him.. and worship the sanctuary. Their understanding of the Scriptures is carnal. Thomas Aquinas: “It would be licit to hold Jews. bring them and slay them before me’ (Luke 19. the synagogue is not only a whorehouse and a theater.

.” .” These anti-semitic words uttered by popes.34. Adolf Hitler: “I believe that I am today acting according to the purposes of the Almighty Creator. he states “that upon you may come all the righteous blood shed upon the earth.” The cancellation of debts owed to Jews. should possess nothing. In resisting the Jew. I cannot convert the Jews. He will then be a perfect Christian. Our lord Christ did not succeed in doing so.. we must be separated from them and they must be driven out of their country. whom ye slew between the temple and the altar. and men gather them. the Jews. being foreigners. unless I think that when Judas Iscariot hanged himself. found its justification in the parable recorded in Luke 16. “If a man abide not in me.Devil and his children. The first blood libel was made by Jesus himself where in Matthew 23. and then they ate and drank his offal. in order to blaspheme our beloved lord and the precious blood that has redeemed us. not to mention the rest of us cursed goyim..” Now let us apply these sayings to deeds committed by Christians who took their New Testament literally. priests.” The Inquisitor’s fire found its justification in the words of John 15. pastors and laymen. I am fighting the Lord’s battle.” “In truth.. filled with works of mercy. from the blood of righteous Abel unto the blood of Zacharias son of Barachias.Cursed goy that I am. and cast them into the fire and they are burned. and what they do possess should be ours. and push him into the water. his guts burst and emptied. for which Christ will reward him on the-day of judgment with the eternal fire of hell (where he will roast together with the Jews).” “If we are to remain unsullied by the blasphemy of the Jews and not wish to take part in it.35. were put into action by unruly Christian mobs and later by Hitler’s followers. baptizing him with the name of Avraham!. I shall lead him to the Elbe bridge. he is cast forth as a branch. The crusader’s sword found its justification in the words of Matthew 10. I cannot understand how they manage to be so skillful. and is withered. I would rather cut off the left breast of my Catherine and of all women. Perhaps the Jews sent their servants with plates of silver and pots of gold to gather up Judas’ piss with the other treasures.” “.” “If I find a Jew to baptize. and thereby acquired eyes so piercing that they discover in the scriptures commentaries that neither Matthew nor Isaiah himself found there. “I have not come to bring peace on earth but a sword. hang a stone around his neck.6. but I can close their mouths so that there will be nothing for them to do but to lie upon the ground.” “I hope I shall never be so stupid as to be circumcised.

. a Lutheran theologian of renown in Germany. since at his request he had been appointed by the authorities as Eichmann’s confessor. (From “American Fundamentalism and Israel” by Yona Malachy) German Christians under Hitler Paul Althaus. “The Protestant churches have greeted the political turning point as a gift and miracle of God”. 13-18) .” p. good rule. so that he might atone for his actions. Hull told the correspondent of a Toronto newspaper that the six million Jewish victims of the Nazis were doomed to perish in hell.5) Many times Althaus explained to Christians his preference for the Third Reich over the former Weimar Republic. That subject had special interest for him.” p.” p. “more spirit of religion has come to Germans through Hitler.19) This same Christian leader asserts that “Germany has been given a mission from God. (“Die deutsche Stunde der Kirche. evoked a negative reaction in various Jewish circles.Rev William Hull At the time of the World Pentecostal Conference in Jerusalem in 1961. warmly greeted the rise of Hitler. “We Christians know. He wrote that. Later he wrote a book describing those conversations with Eichmann. a Canadian Missionary. a government with discipline and honor. 145) Another high ranking Christian theologian. “that we are bound by God’s will to the promotion of National Socialism.” (“Kirche and Staat. Accordingly. “Die deutsche Christusgemeinde. 18. and stated that.” p. wrote two articles entitled “Christian Analysis of Current Events in Israel” for Christian News from Israel (published by the Ministry of Religious Affairs). and tried to convert him to a belief in Jesus as the savior. Hull. but the content of the talks and certain statements made by Hull subsequent to those talks. than through many of the churches. 29) In a document signed by many Christian theologians it was stated. Eichmann’s sins were not as great as those of the average man who denied Jesus as the redeemer.” (SiegfriedLeffer. 2 which was then being held in Jerusalem. and that he wants to prepare for us in the National Socialist system of government. in accordance with which Hull had promised Eichmann that God would forgive his sins if in a written statement he would declare his acceptance of Christ.” p. because they had not accepted the belief in Christ. Leutheuser. “Christus im Drittem Reich der Deutschen. Hull’s efforts proved fruitless. he said. and would not enter paradise. (“Ansbacher Ratschlag. Hull visited Eichmann in his cell 14 times. However. Criticism was directed mainly at the extreme Fundamentalist position. we know that we are responsible before God to assist the work of the Fuhrer in our calling and in our station in life. Moreover.”. He also discussed the significance of the Eichmann Trial. believed that the Holy Spirit moves where it chooses. so that all members of the people will be ready for service and sacrifice. In these he analyzed political. The leader and prophet is Adolf Hitler. cultural and social developments in the country in the light of his unique method of interpretations.” he stated.” (Julius Leutheuser. In Canada. “We as believing Christians thank God our Father that he has given to our people in its time of need the Fuhrer as a pious and faithful sovereign.

They teach the same anti-Semitic doctrines as the church of yesteryear. Church bells were rang at every Nazi victory. The Church used every weapon against the Jews. Christian missionary love for the Jew is a kind of hatred. (ibid.. the love for the Jew quickly turns to hatred and contempt.. (‘When Jewish blood runs off the dagger. The Roman Catholic Church never protested against Hitler’s barbarism including the massacre of a million and a half Jewish children. Muller’s efforts to make the church an instrument of Nazi policy were resisted by the Confessing Church. After World War II the German Christian Church party was banned.’ ibid. even the Inquisition. It loves the Jew. for the whole idea of conversion is anti-Semitic. We are not deceived by the ‘new Christians’ of today’s hand-clapping fundamentalists. Their tactics are . Ludwig Muller.” Are present day Christian attitudes towards the Jews any better? Liberals say they are. By their desire to convert the Jew. yet hates him for being what he is. But the fundamentalists are hindering and harming the progress that has been made in Christian-Jewish relationships. 146) An interesting quotation appears in the Encyclopedia Britannica under “German Christians:” “Protestants who attempted to subordinate church policy to the political exigencies of Nazi Germany. 43) At a Church conference.The Vatican under Pope Pius XII made a Concordat of collaboration with National Socialism. In July 1933 the state territorial churches merged to form the German Evangelical Church. organized in 1932. Hitler affirmed that the Catholic Church has always regarded Jews as evildoers and had banished them into ghettos. (Dictionary of Antisemitism. Pacelli later to become Pope Pius XII. When missionary efforts failed. p. p. 79) In fact the Catholic youth organisation of Germany was combined with the Hitler youth following the signing of the Concordat of Collaboration sponsored by Msgr. was nationalistic and so anti-Semitic that extremists wished to repudiate the Old Testament and the Pauline Letters because of their Jewish authorship. including the arrest and transportation of the last Jew from every town in Germany. became Reichsbishop. under the leadership of Martin Niemoller.. It sees him as blind and in need of being changed into a believer. Hitler’s portrait was placed on all walls of Catholic churches and Sunday schools. Together they sang the Horstwessel Lied in the church vestries “Wenn das Judenblut vom Messer spritzed”. 109) In a speech to Polish Catholics. and they continue to call for tolerance and understanding. they prove themselves to be the most anti-Semitic of all Christian groups. and in September the German Christian candidate. or are foiled. ask only what is permitted to Polish Catholics. The German Christians’ Faith Movement.” (ibid. He (Hitler) is only doing what the Church had been doing for fifteen hundred years. Hitler declared: “I as a German Catholic. p. Christ himself was a pioneer in the fight against Judaism. To be antisemitic is not to be un-Catholic. p.

starting two centuries ago. the Jew and his child are inseparable.its first seven chapters are addressed to “My Son”. Because of the depth and spread of this Christian belief – and the evil it has wrought – it is most necessary to refute and discredit Matthew 27:25 beyond any shadow of doubt. is. Since the Catholic Church and fundamentalist Protestant sects consider every word in the New Testament to be the “Word of God. Harenberg continues: “It was Rudolf Bultmann who stated in 1921... As for the “Blood curse” (Matthew 27:25). Even after the Jew’s passing from his life the connection between parent and child is perpetuated through the son’s recital of the Kaddish prayer in memory of the departed parent. in the name of Christ and his church during the last two thousand years than those massacred by the Nazis. History of the Synoptic Tradition. 282).f R. “Proverbs. cit. Despite this. the Passover Seder (Feast of Mazot). More Jews have been affected. Flannery. in my opinion in the same category as a Jew who tries to justify Hitler’s Mein Kampf or. pg. (A. hurt or killed. cf. Any Jew who can pay homage to the New Testament or allow himself to believe in it. have overlooked this fact and have joined themselves to the church with its built-in anti-Semitism. E. I am fighting for the work of the Lord…” has Matthew 27:25 at its base. The Jewish child is the ‘hero’ of the Brith Milah (Circumcision): the Bar-Mitzvah and nowadays the Bat-Mitzvah (Confirmation of male and female children as Subjects of the Commandment). An entire chapter of the Holy Scriptures. from birth to after death in a never-ending cycle. with the help of the form critical method which he had developed. in perpetuating the fiction that the self-curse was actually voiced.different but we know that the message is the same.” Matthew 27:25 is a dogma of the church.H. oceans of ink have been expended by bible scholars Christian and Jewish . as one who covers up for the deeds of the Nazis. Thus. op.. Harper.. It has always been so since Judaism began and it will always be so. To imagine that this Jewish self curse and curse on their children (Matthew 27:25) was actually uttered by any group of Jews is a violation of respect for the human intellect and a travesty. 2 1 0). by defending myself against the Jew. that this curse was never spoken” (c. pg. who being so alienated from their own people.” is devoted to the proper upbringing of the Jewish child . They care because they know that Adolf Hitler’s mendacious claim: “I believe that I am today acting in accordance with the will of the Almighty Creator. to demonstrate that this selfcurse and curse on the children of Israel could never have been uttered. There is scarcely a single religious rite of the Jew that is complete without the participation of the child. 1963. MEIN KAMPF. Bultrnann. pg. . Yet there are Jews. and the Pidyon ha’Ben (Redemption of the First-born son). rivers of Jewish blood have been spilled by a blind and unbending fanaticism that persisted. Hitler. 65. and still persists.

A million of the Jewish victims of the Holocaust were children. and yet they are only the invention of a redactor”.simpletoremember. trinity.The French historian Charles Guignebert wrote in 1935 about Matthew 27:25 directly. pg. and of other passages of the same ilk in the New Testament. cit.MessiahTruth.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.drazin. It was the evangelist Matthew.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.php Jews for Judaism . Eichmann was found guilty of war crimes.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www. Guignebert. 2. sentenced to death and was executed by hanging on June 1.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.com/counter. as follows: “Few of the sayings of the Gospels have done more harm than these. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www.org/phpBB2/index.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.outreachjudaism.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.beingjewish.jewsforjudaism. 470) Hitler used Jesus’ name quite glibly to justify his unspeakable crimes.org/cr/index.angelfire.TorahAtlanta. (C.jewsforjudaism.att. The pity of it is that all anti-Semitic monsters use (and have used) the “poison” that is found in Christianity’s Holy Book as propaganda to further their nefarious ends.kosherjudaism. Jesus & Christianity http://www.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike.. http://jdstone. 1962.org Response to Missionaries www. the damage is the same regardless of who the ‘inventor’ really was.htm Archive of Articles. not a redactor. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www. Germany. who “invented” verse 27:25.html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www. To imagine that this self curse and curse on their children (Matthew 27:25) was actually uttered by any group of Jews is a violation of respect for the human intellect and a travesty. PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www. Jesus. messiah. Footnotes: 1.html Reveals the error.simplyjewish. Because of the depth and spread of this Christian belief – and the evil it has wrought – it is most necessary to refute and discredit Matthew 27:25 . but no matter.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide. Adolf Eichmann was a Nazi SS official in charge of deporting European Jewry. www. Hitler was but one of many.beyond any shadow of doubt. op.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. . 1943.

they were steeped in belief in all the fables of all the gods of the heathen world."! The Gospel of Mark also fell victim to a later forger's pen.. 1 . preach. in Matthew 10. till the son of Man be come. A new God was to them just one more god among many. Amen.5. saying. They were special. the Lord working with them.depending on their faith. but. the end of the world would come so soon that Jesus' disciples would not even have time to spread the word to all of the Jews in the cities of Israel. and teach all nations. and preach the gospel to every creature. they had no critical sense in religion. Thus.. many Jews stopped listening to the apostles..." Thus.Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel.Did Jesus Exclude Gentiles? When Jesus appeared and was aggressively promoted as the true messiah. Fearing loss of priestly power. in "Is It God's Word?" explains: "The gentiles were the superstitious pagans of Palestine. and so the deceitful priestly fathers fraudulently appended the following verses to the end of Saint Matthew's gospel: "Go ye therefore." (Matthew 10:7. baptizing them in the name of the Father... Forging New Rules for the Gentiles The church fathers decided to expand their influence by extending Jesus' promise of salvation to the ones ignored by Jesus--the pagan Gentiles—the uncircumcised. If we weren't certain the verses above are a forgery.. and preached every where. for there would be no hope or preached promises to anyone other than God's chosen people--the Jews.."(Mark 16:12-20) Thus. 23). Jesus said. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved.I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel.. The Jews heard that they were the favored "lost sheep" in the first parts of Matthew and Mark-which were the only parts read to them. and of the Son." (Matthew 10:5-6. Matthew 15:24) Jesus emphasized the imminence of the end of the world and the arrival of the kingdom of heaven for the Jews: "And as ye go. The last twelve verses of Mark are late additions: ".. our wonderment at Jesus' apparent turn-around would know no bounds: just eighteen chapters earlier.."(Matthew 28:19-20). But. while the Gentiles were read the words of salvation from the forged endings: believeth and be saved. They knew nothing of the Jewish Scriptures or of the promised Messiah.. and of the Holy Ghost.. the Jews initially were attracted by his charisma and message of salvation and promise to escort them to the kingdom of heaven on doomsday. like Paul and his converts.. as the years went by without the coming of the son of God and his promised apocalypse.And they went forth. and parts thereabouts.but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.. Jesus was telling his disciples.. According to Saint Matthew. the church fathers took matters into their own hands. believed all things and hoped all things. the illiterate peasants to whom the fathers preached received two different messages-. Go ye into all the world. the Gentiles were ripe for harvesting. "Go not into the way of the Gentiles. thus spoke Jesus to his disciples: "Go not into the way of the Gentiles.And he said unto them. and confirming the word with signs following. Joseph Wheless. Asia Minor. the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

because they were upset that Peter had embraced the Gentiles: "And when Peter had come up to Jerusalem." (Acts 11:4-18). they surely never would have questioned Peter's meeting with the Gentiles. a Gentile centurion from Caesarea named Cornelius had a revelation that he should meet with Peter to be converted to the all-Jewish sect (Acts 10:1-9).. it is only through a revelation-not the fraudulent "teach all nations" command by Jesus—that Peter was able to "perceive" that God would accept righteous Gentiles. Saying. we discuss below further incriminating comments by learned authorities 2 . also told Cornelius that a revelation had tentatively led him to "perceive that. 3). that I could withstand God? When they heard these things." (Acts 11:2. and didst eat with them. This is virtually certain proof that Peter never heard Jesus' tell him and his disciples to "teach all nations". Jesus' mind was changed only in the lying imaginations of the forging fathers." (Acts 10:17-28) Peter. or come unto one of another nation.. we have these words from Peter to Cornelius and his family: "Ye know how it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company." (Acts 10:9-17). A Doubting Peter Agrees to Meet Gentiles While in a trance.he that feareth [God].Apostles' Actions Expose the Lies As will be shown below. Then God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life.. and worketh righteousness. Peter. still doubtful.. as we have already alleged. As if the foregoing were not proof enough of the cynical forgeries of the church fathers. contended with him. Peter defended himself. and therefore that the final verses of Matthew and Mark are late forgeries. They could not know it because. they held their peace. The Apostles Were Angry at Peter The apostles also evidently did not know anything about an alleged command by Jesus to "go. Damning proof of this is offered below. explained his trance vision and Cornelius's revelation. Peter had a vision that he should meet with the Gentiles. met with Cornelius and his household. they that were of the circumcision. and the speaking in tongues. Thou wentest in to men uncircumcised. the apostles did not know that Jesus had evidently changed his mind and decided to allow Gentiles into the kingdom of heaven. If the apostles ever had heard the son of God urge the acceptance of the Gentiles. "Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us . Learning of this.preach the gospel to every creature". Meanwhile. teach all nations." (Acts 10:34-35). is accepted with him. saying. His doubt about the meaning of this vision is strong evidence that Jesus never told his disciples to convert the Gentiles: "Peter doubted in himself what this vision which he had seen should mean... however. and glorified God. Thus. where we begin by looking closely at the behavior of Simon Peter.what am I. As further proof that Peter knew nothing of Jesus' command to his disciples to teach and baptize those of all nations. and then told the apostles. and if they had actually "preached everywhere"--as alleged by Matthew and Mark..

The council met over three sessions between 15451563 to deal with doctrinal and administrative problems. http://www. Tradition.kosherjudaism. leaves room for doubt. trinity. whoever wrote the verses. Mark. Constrained as the editors of the Catholic Encyclopedia were by the demands of doctrinal adherence.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.outreachjudaism. But they are canonical Scripture.html Reveals the error..Catholics are not bound to hold that the verses were written by St. not only of vocabulary." [5] -------------------------------------------------------------------[1] Council of Trent. northern Italy. [defined] that all parts of the Sacred books are to be received as sacred and canonical. for the Council of Trent [1]..org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.. but of matter and construction..com/counter.. Hear also the words of the New Standard Bible Dictionary.. ii. which close the chapter at verse 8. http://www. Now isn't this remarkable? According to the inspired fathers at the Council of Trent.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah. p. but surely not the spirit in their nearconfession of the forgeries in Mark. and the Encyclopedia Biblica.jewsforjudaism.org/cr/index. was accepted as a source of faith..Hence. messiah. along with the Bible..Council of Trent: The Word of God Concerning the genuineness of Mark 16:9-20. as quoted by Joseph Wheless in "Forgery In Christianity": Mark 16:9-20 "has against it the testimony of the two oldest [related manuscripts] [3]...org Response to Missionaries www. It may be that he did not. they are inspired even if they are fake.. whoever wrote the disputed verses. ix. Christianity. http://www...The combination of so many peculiar features. [2] Catholic Encyclopedia. and must be received as such by every Catholic" [2]. which conform to the letter of the church law. [5] Encyclopedia Biblica.angelfire.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.MessiahTruth.htm Jewish Response to Christian Missionaries MP3s 3 . and Mark 16:9-20 "is admittedly not genuine. the Catholic Encyclopedia states...htm Archive of Articles. 1880. that they are from the pen of another inspired author... called by Pope Paul III. PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www. it is remarkable how much is revealed by the words above. Jesus..simpletoremember. they are inspired.it is not at all certain that Mark did not write the disputed verses.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet... 677-679 [3] Uncial manuscripts: Siniatic and Vatican. ". http://jdstone. 551.TorahAtlanta. [4] New Standard Bible Dictionary. In addition to this is the very significant silence of Patristic literature as to anything following verse 8" [4].htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www. distortions and falsehood of.

Wonka. and no one ever leaves. Mr. Afterwards. and they all suffer the consequences. Now they just wait until the day they are to enter the factory and see the great wonders that no one else has ever been allowed to see. so they came to the unsupported conclusion that Satan must have rebelled against G-d. Slugworth shows them a lot of cash. That is. that produces the world's greatest chocolates. They are all saved in the end.confectionery in general. called Willy Wonka's Chocolate Factory. Incorporated. Before the big day comes. and the whole world is excited with them. The day comes. What. does Judaism teach about Satan? Did you ever see the movie Willy Wonka and the Chocolate Factory? (It's one of the few examples of where a story from a book was changed for the screen without ruining the experience. Five children win. and Wonka's competition wants to get an advance sample of this product so he can get it out first. but they must leave the factory without the lifetime supply of chocolate. if only they steal out of the factory a candy called an Everlasting Gobstopper. We reject that interpretation entirely. And so on.Does Judaism Believe in Satan? (This article should be read after my article Why Did G-d Create the World?) The Christians don't understand how an angel of G-d can try to seduce people to disobey G-d. One gets all swollen up and blue from some gum she should not have taken. then. they will have to sign a contract and follow the rules. when they leave. President of Slugworth Chocolates. and they have to take her away and squeeze her until she gets skinny again. They are of course all excited. During the tour of the factory. TV stations and reporters interview them. runs a contest. and all the kids are allowed into the factory with one adult relative. four of the kids break the rules by taking stuff they should not have taken. so don't worry. they will go home with a lifetime supply of chocolate. and tells them they will get all that money and more. The winners of the contest will be allowed to enter and tour the factory together. it hasn't been mass produced or marketed yet. They see the most amazing sights. See. on the condition that they never show it to anyone else.) The story is about a very famous chocolate factory. One of the rules is: no eating of any products inside the factory without express permission. Mr. candies -. the owner. because they broke the rules. One of the things Wonka gives each of the kids is an Everlasting Gobstopper. This is completely contrary to everything Judaism believes. each of the winners of the contest is secretly visited by a man named Arthur Slugworth. However. No one ever enters the factory. . One of the kids jumps into a pool of chocolate and is sucked up into the pipes. and eat the most amazing (and impossible to actually exist in real life) foods. *IF* they follow the rules. and ruin Wonka.

He doesn't get hurt in the process. and therefore broke the rules. Satan is an angel whose purpose has been determined by G-d. when Charlie realizes that no matter how he feels. (Okay. in order for us to work for the good that Hashem wants to give us. also. but I think you get my point. The Hebrew word "Satan" means "Hinderer. to try to prevent him from doing something. But Mr. At the end of the tour. and so he set up the contest to find an honest child he could train as his successor. Wonka's desk and returns the Gobstopper to him. Charlie will not be getting a lifetime supply of chocolate either. And that's how they view Satan. the main character. Mr. the good of the World to Come. More importantly. Wonka has somehow found out that Charlie drank the Fizzy drink. Charlie asks him for the lifetime supply of chocolate. That is the purpose of Satan." To hinder someone means to hold him back. The ability to choose between good and evil is what gives us free will. Why? To give us free will. it gives us the ability to look at evil and refuse to do it. and PASS the test. (See my article On the Nature of Free Will. his aide. They are about to leave. By presenting us with the opportunity to do evil. Just as Slugworth is really Wilkinson doing what Wonka asked him to do. and tells them to leave. Satan is also not working for himself. it gives us the ability to choose between good and evil. So he himself set up the choice. It seems that Wonka was looking to retire. Wonka yells at him for drinking the Fuzzy drink. we need something to deter us. and we never have. It gives us the ability to do the wrong thing. and Charlie feels bad. Jews do not see it that way. That is the ability to do evil. so he survives until the end of the tour. So he goes to Mr. and he tells Charlie that they'll give Mr. and jumps up in delight! He tells Charlie that he has won! Charlie has no idea of what he's talking about.Charlie. stealing and breaking rules is bad. Satan is here to make things difficult for us. Then Wonka calls in Wilkinson. Satan is our Evil Inclination (Yetzer Hara). Christians take Slugworth at face value: a reprehensible competitor who will stop at nothing to undo Wonka. Charlie Bucket and his grandfather are the only ones left. He drinks some Fizzy drink he was not supposed to take. Wonka sees that. Temptation is there to try and deter us. so we can overcome our evil temptations. Anyone who either ate food he wasn't supposed to eat or brought a Gobstopper to Slugworth was dishonest. because Hashem has commanded the Evil Inclination to do that. and then gave them the opportunity to break the rule. and would not become the successor. Upset. Slugworth an Everlasting Gobstopper. So. so he doesn't say anything. But his grandfather is angry. also breaks the rules.) Notice. that Wonka himself gave each of the children a Gobstopper. but no one seems to know. using Wilkinsin to offer the temptation. the parable is not exact. The Evil Inclination tries to prevent us from doing good. Wonka says good bye to them. And Wilkinson is Slugworth! Slugworth was sent out to each of the children to test them! To see how they would respond. . G-d created the Hinderer to give us work to do in this world (see my article Why did G-d Create the World?).

as the Children of Israel. where righteous people go after death. And angels have no free will. cannot improve themselves. without any physical or unholy presence. Angels. a rebellious angel. Therefore. unlike humans. have the power to overcome even angels. Humans can rise by improving themselves. "Then what would be your purpose in this world. I do so many sins. we are described as "walkers.. so that you could improve yourself. How impossible! The angels are spiritual and holy. as the Christians think. you and your sons after you will be the High Priests. when describing a Heavenly scene. so to speak. There is holiness everywhere in Creation. For that reason. That is what you were created for! Hashem has enough angels in heaven. the Talmud says that men are greater than angels. and the presence of Hashem's holiness permeates them entirely.. for we can fight with an angel (Satan) and win. . says "Seraphim were standing around Him." Humans can improve themselves. (Seraphim are a type of angel." Therefore the Prophet Zachariah told the High Priest. however. Angels. and if you observe My safeguards. Isaiah. "Please pray to Hashem to take away my Evil Inclination." They cannot become better. That's not their purpose. and also will merit reward in the Afterlife. but we are movers. The Prophet Zachariah was saying that in the Next World they will be walkers among the standers. very troubled. and I want to stop sinning!" The Rabbi answered.) Spiritually. They are. and to keep on rising. Could you stay dry in the ocean? An angel could not stop being holy." (Isaiah 6:2).Each of us every day fights with Satan. to keep on improving ourselves. Satan is not. He said to the Rabbi. are therefore constantly and fully aware of Hashem's Presence everywhere. angels are stuck at whatever level Hashem created them. Furthermore. in the World of Souls. everywhere in the universe. and you and your sons will thus guard my Holy Temple. just like every other angel. L-rd of Hosts says: if you walk in My ways. if you had no Evil Inclination? Your purpose in life is to overcome your personal Evil Inclination. In other words. Who would be Satan's Satan? An ultra-Satan? The truth is that Satan has a job to do. which means humans among angels. An angel could not stop serving G-d even if he tried. Our purpose is to keep on moving. We all have temptations. So the angels are referred to as perpetually standing. "This is what Hashem. and that is their purpose in this world. standing. Angels have no Satan to tempt them. and angels are made of the same thing. and can do no wrong. if we work at it. A man once came to a great Rabbi. and they cannot rise any higher than they are. They do as Hashem commands them. He doesn't need one more. Angels are therefore said to be "standing. Humans are different. humans have Satan to tempt us.. throughout the day. and I will make you walkers among these who are standing" (Zachariah 3:7). But we. Hashem was promising the High Priest that he and his children will be High Priests. He created you human.

Satan is not a fallen angel. Satan does not wear a red suit. This means a host of things that work together." someone who. Satan is a force of evil in the world that we must resist. Satan will cease to exist. It may be simply that he doesn't want to sin alone. which I will not go into now. He was what the Torah calls a "Seducer. The angel who tries to make us sin is the same angel who accuses us in the Heavenly Court.And how do we do it? By constant battle with the Evil Inclination. it's because he himself feels he can gain something from it. and the angel who prosecutes us in Heaven. Satan does not have a rival kingdom. and has decided to do evil. The snake had his own motivations. and Satan does not want followers or worshipers. It will not be a sad day at all. but unfortunately not unusual). The Talmud says that the Evil Inclination constantly attempts to destroy us spiritually. So now we have to revise our understanding of Satan. constantly. He's not even happy when people obey him and sin. He's now trying to tempt you to sin. After that. There could be any number of motivations. He's not Satan. there is no shortage of things in the world to tempt us to sin. tries to get other people to sin. Or maybe he just gets emotional satisfaction out of seeing you go against what you believe (in which case he is a very sick person. and actual self-development by means of performing the Mitzvos. He is also the Angel of Death. and Hashem constantly helps us and gives us the means with which to overcome our Evil Inclinations. and the Next World begins. for whatever reason. the Day of Judgment will take place. and there will no longer be death. no. And Satan has many "helpers. spending quality and quantity time among Observant Jewish people. He personally has something to gain from your sinning. but not because he wants you to sin per se. All judgment will have been passed and performed." many of whom don't even know they are helping him. the snake in the Garden of Eden was not Satan either. or carry a trident. There will no longer be sin. . or a Prosecuting Angel. How does one recognize Satan? For that we need to live a Torah life. Satan is merely an angel with a dirty job. Likewise. There will no longer be any need for a Tempting Angel. and the same angel who carries out the death sentence. A shadylooking character in the street walks over to you and offers to sell you some stolen property. though confused Christians think it was. Satan most often appears as a desire within you. Satan is the angel who tempts us. learning from Rabbis and other religiously developed Jewish people. He's someone who has not resisted Satan. Of course. Satan's work will be done. What we are expected and commanded to do is to gain the upper hand over our personal Satans. Nor does he wear a business suit. And Hashem helps us do this. for example. It is difficult (if at all possible) to cite any of these as being more important than any of the others. So. To mention a few: Torah study. None of us are capable of destroying Satan. When this world comes to an end. Or maybe he needs your help. an Angel of Death. Whenever a human being tries to tempt another person to sin. Satan is not in competition with G-d. periodic introspection.

to follow Hashem's instructions for the greater glory of Hashem. and we were put into this world to struggle against Satan. Jesus.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet. and the struggle will end. They exist merely to follow Hashem's instructions. PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.jewsforjudaism.org Response to Missionaries www.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah. When the struggle is over we will begin to receive the reward for having struggled.org/cr/index.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.. http://www.html Reveals the error. trinity. for the greater glory of Hashem.MessiahTruth. That's when the good times will begin. But that was not the purpose of our being created.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. That's the reason we exist too -. with human emotions and desires. So Satan was created to struggle against us. messiah. Angels are not like humans.Nor will it be unfair treatment of Satan. http://jdstone. It will be like turning off a machine.kosherjudaism. distortions and falsehood of...htm Archive of Articles. Read more about this in my article. take a look at this article: "Who Is Satan?" by Rabbi Tovia Singer. "Is the World in a Conflict Between Good and Evil?" If you're a Christian..outreachjudaism.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults. Christianity.angelfire. We will be brought in to the Next World.com/counter. and/or you're here looking for Scriptural arguments and polemics. http://www.TorahAtlanta. .

But is this true? Is this a Jewish concept? After all the New Testament claims to be the fulfillment of Judaism as found in the Jewish Bible. when they give an offering to the Lord. and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel.. etc. The New Testament bases this idea on Leviticus 17:11 which says: For the life of the flesh is in the blood. every one who passes among those who are counted. and no other." An honest reading of Leviticus 17:10-14 shows clearly that the Torah is speaking about a prohibition against eating blood. so too Hashem allows us many way to atone for our souls. and that other means were available for atonement. Blood is considered important because when an animal is offered. We will find that not only do they take Tanach verses out of context. half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary. From a simple reading of this. we must always ask ourselves. The rich shall not give more. it seems that "blood makes atonement for the soul. but actually do the same thing to the New Testament as well.. Let us now examine the Tanach to see examples of where atonement was achieved in ways other than through a sin offering. not about atonement. But is a blood sacrifice the only means Hashem has given us to atone for our souls? Absolutely not. Examples: This they shall give. not the skin or the bones. or check. The first step to appreciating this. missionaries will cite Hebrews 9:22 (NT) which states: "Without the shedding of blood there is no remission" (forgiveness of sin). Let us look at this question to see if the New Testament is telling the truth about this important subject. Just as a store will allow you to pay by cash. Almost all things? I propose that Paul was aware that the atoning effect of blood did not cover everything. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood. or credit card or food stamps. The entire verse reads: Hebrews 9:22. Exodus 30:13-15 1 . for it is the blood that makes an atonement for the soul. These passages are also here to tell us that the only permitted use of blood is on the altar. is this the whole story? First of all. the blood is the part that effects the atonement. But.Is A Blood Sacrifice Required For Atonement? Quite often. and without shedding of blood is no remission. to make an atonement for your souls. Without blood atonement does not seem possible. "What is the full context of this verse.. is to actually look at the quote in the New Testament that missionaries cite to make their case. (NO BLOOD). and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls.

as a meal offering. according to the offerings made by fire to the Lord. The Lord 11 Samuel 12:13 also has put away your sin. or two young pigeons. and that I may consume them. stories of the forgiveness of sin involve genuine. and. And the priest shall make an atonement for him in regard to his sin that he has sinned in one of these. and burn it on the altar.. go to Nineveh. you will not despise. I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven. And the people of Nineveh believed God. (NO BLOOD). then he who sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering. and he did not do it. and he arose from his throne. repents and is forgiven And David said to Nathan. it is a sin offering. for their wickedness has come up before me. I have sinned against the Lord.What if someone cannot afford an animal to sacrifice. 3:5-6. And God saw their doings. David is confronted with his sin.. (NO BLOOD) Jonah 1:2. 10 2 . which is really what Hashem desires most. following the Golden Calf: And the Lord said to Moses. is atonement closed to him? But if he is not able to bring two turtledoves.. incense of abomination they are to me. relieve the oppressed.. put away the evil of your doings from before my eyes. Wash yourselves. whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power.. why does your anger burn hot against your people. 0 God. and cry against it. and he took off his robe. and said. And Moses pleaded with the Lord his G-d. I have seen this people. and said to them. and it shall be forgiven him. Furthermore. and sat in ashes . and with a mighty hand. to whom you swore by your own self. which he had said that he would do to them. and put on sackcloth.. make yourselves clean. Lord. and the priest shall take his handful of it. seek judgment. that they turned from their evil way. that great city. and the remnant shall be the priest's. and Israel. now therefore let me alone. Bring no more vain offerings. and proclaimed a fast. from the greatest of them to the least of them. Remember Abraham. (NO BLOOD).. Psalm 51:19 Look at the story of David and the matter of Uriah. Isaac... (NO BLOOD). and God repented of the evil. and all this land that I have spoken of will I give to your seed. behold. Isaiah 1:13-17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit. And Nathan said to David. Leviticus 5:11 -13 In most cases in the Bible. the Gentile city in the Book of Jonah: Arise. you shall not die. Concerning Nineveh. it is a stiff-necked people. and I will make of you a great nation.. judge the orphan. Then shall he bring it to the priest. And word came to the king of Nineveh. plead for the widow. heart-wrenching repentance. (NO BLOOD). your servants. and covered himself with sackcloth. a memorial part of it. that my anger may burn hot against them. (NO Exodus 32:9-14 BLOOD). cease to do evil.. and they shall inherit it forever. And the Lord repented of the evil which he thought to do to his people. Learn to do well. a broken and contrite heart.

and turn to the Lord. your holy mountain. For Daniel knew of Hosea. dispersed among all the nations and want forgiveness. and Daniel knew of Nathan the prophet's words about King David. we are told what we must do when we have been put out of our land.. and receive us graciously... I Kings 8:44-50 Yes. because for our sins. Jews offer repentance instead.reproach to all those who are around us. say to him: Forgive all iniquity. Daniel 9:5 And his plea for forgiveness: To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness. I pray you. and we must follow the words of our prophets to return to G-d. O Israel. Lastly.. so will Hosea 14:2-3 we offer the words of our lips instead of calves. and so return to You with all their heart .. return to the Lord your God. in many ways. by what authority can we substitute words for sacrifices? We read in Hosea an admonition from G-d through his prophet for us all. and have committed iniquity. and threatens the eternity of your neshama (soul). Message to Messianic Jews By the path you have chosen. and have departed from your precepts and from your judgments. Would Daniel be praying for something he couldn't have because he couldn't offer blood? Of course not. it is applicable to us today. All of us. How is it possible to attain atonement without sacrifices? Since no sacrifices have been offered since the Temple was destroyed. and there you shall serve other gods. Take with you words. and it has nothing to do with blood. We have sinned . one that threatens to cut you off from the Jewish people.16 Daniel asked God for forgiveness for himself and his people. which neither you nor your fathers have known... Jerusalem and your people have become a. Listen to the prayers of the prophet Daniel who lived during the exile in Babylon. We are told in Deuteronomy 28:64 "And the Lord shall scatter you among all people from the one end of the earth even unto the other." 3 . and for the iniquities of our fathers. Though this was spoken by King Solomon. forgive Your people that have sinned. or Jesus.. for we have rebelled against him. Daniel 9:9. we as Jews have sinned.. you may have sinned in a very dangerous way. and have done wickedly and have rebelled. for you have stumbled in your iniquity.. and say . according to all your righteousness.Christians may ask.. 0 Lord. "They shall pray unto the L-rd toward the city which You have chosen .. Christians will then ask. let your anger and your fury be turned away from your city Jerusalem. His words of confession: We have sinned.

he sought to exclude for all time all foreign views of G-d. the eternal cutting off of your soul.angelfire. Jesus & Christianity http://www. They worshipped the one G-d who revealed Himself at Sinai.torahatlanta.MessiahTruth.simplyjewish.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.php Jews for Judaism . distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www. Therefore.TorahAtlanta. Moses and his generation did not worship a trinity. ___ Source: http://www.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.att.org/phpBB2/index. as your ancestors did.com PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www. who will accept you. messiah.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.com/counter.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no.html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www. 4 .html Reveals the error.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike. When Moses spoke to his generation of gods "that neither you nor your fathers worshipped".org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults. You can do teshuvah (repentance). Return to the true G-d and to his people.simpletoremember. as you receive forgiveness of sin.jewsforjudaism.It is important to see that the Jewish belief in G-d has standards.drazin. and without a sacrifice. www.jewsforjudaism.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.org Response to Missionaries www.org/cr/index.beingjewish. http://jdstone.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www.outreachjudaism. realize that it is no small thing to believe that Jesus is the Messiah. It is idolatry and for a Jew is punishable by koras.htm Archive of Articles.kosherjudaism.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www. trinity.

” They didn’t mistranslate but used a different text. the Septuagint remains the official Old Testament of the Greek Orthodox Church. the daughter of the patriarch Jacob. Dinah was not a virgin after having been raped. and he loved the damsel (LXX: parthenos) and he spoke tenderly to the damsel (LXX: parthenos). Shechem raped Dinah. raises far more problems than it answers. yet the Septuagint refers to her as a parthenos after she had been defiled. which includes the Prophets and Writings as well. the very same word the Septuagint used to translate the Hebrew word alma in Isaiah 7:14. The fact that additional books known as the Apocrypha. was a Greek translation of the Five Books of Moses alone. It therefore did not contain prophetic Books of the Bible such as Isaiah. the Septuagint in our hands is not a Jewish document. in Genesis 34:2-4.” when their translation of virgin comes from the Septuagint’s “parthenos.) had an enormous impact on creating and shaping the Septuagint that missionaries use to advance their untenable arguments against Judaism. Placing your question on our website will therefore benefit countless others who are confused by the same mistaken presuppositions imbedded in your question.E.A Christian Defends Matthew by Insisting That the Author of the First Gospel Used the Septuagint in His Quote of Isaiah to Support the Virgin Birth Question: Rav Singer. is a product of the church. not the Jewish people. and the manuscripts that consist of our Septuagint today date to the third century C. Answer: Your inquiry will undoubtedly make an enormous contribution to our website because contained within your question are some of the most commonly held misconceptions regarding Matthew’s rendering the Hebrew word alma as virgin in Matthew 1:23. The Bible reports that after Shechem had violated her. “his heart desired Dinah. The Septuagint as we have it today. Why did you say Christians mistranslate the scripture by saying “almah” doesn’t mean “virgin. The Greek word parthenos can mean either a young woman or a virgin. are found in the Septuagint should raise a red flag to those inquiring into the Jewishness of the Septuagint. Moreover. and yet she was referred to as a parthenos. which you asserted that Matthew quoted from. In fact. your contention that “parthenos does mean virgin” is incorrect. In essence. For example. for this reason the Greek word parthenos can be found in the Septuagint referring to someone who is not a virgin. Your assertion that Matthew quoted from the Septuagint is the most repeated argument missionaries use in their attempt to explain away Matthew’s stunning mistranslation of the Hebrew word alma.” Clearly. however. This well-worn response.E. This is pretty well known. but rather a Christian one. The original Septuagint. created 2. the present Septuagint is largely a post-second century Christian translation of the Bible.200 years ago by 72 Jewish translators. Christians such as Origin and Lucian (third and fourth century C. did you not know? I don’t think this is a very good thing to have on your page.” not the Hebrew “almah”? “Parthenos” does mean “virgin. which are uniquely sacred to the Roman Catholic and Orthodox Church. used zealously by the church throughout the centuries . To begin with.

which is the earliest attestation to the existence of the Septuagint. The first century church was well aware that a Jewish audience would be thoroughly unimpressed by a claim that Jesus’ virgin birth could only be supported by a Greek translation of the Bible. Therefore. was authored through the Holy Spirit and is therefore the living word of God. With but few exceptions. Bruce writes. “The Jews might have gone on at a later time to authorize a standard text of the rest of the Septuagint. a virgin shall be with child . hence the abbreviation LXX) derives from a story that 72 elders translated the Pentateuch into Greek.1 Moreover. All 66 chapters of the Book of Isaiah were spoken and then recorded in the Hebrew language alone. The Talmud also states this explicitly in Tractate Megillah (9a). nowhere in the Book of Matthew does the word Septuagint appear. lost interest in the Septuagint altogether. did not preach or write in Greek.as an indispensable apologetic instrument to defend and sustain Christological alterations of the Jewish scriptures. Isaiah. the term therefore applied originally only to those five books. Matthew.F. or. They understood that if Jews were to find their Christian message convincing.”4 Regarding your assertion that Matthew was quoting from the Septuagint. ‘Behold.2 Likewise. . but . and there is good reason for this. and therefore the word parthenos never left the lips of the prophet throughout his life. the Septuagint deals only with the Pentateuch and not the whole Old Testament. they would need to assert that it was the actual words of the prophet Isaiah that clearly foretold Mary’s virgin conception. Matthew included. every manuscript of the Septuagint which has come down to our day was copied and preserved in Christian. F. Are these evangelical apologists therefore claiming that God needed a Greek translation of the Bible and therefore quoted from the Septuagint? Did the passing of 500 years since His last book cause God to forget how to . in Matthew 1:22-23. and Josephus as well affirms that the Septuagint was a translation only of the Law of Moses in his preface to Antiquities of the Jews. a church father and Bible translator who could hardly be construed as friendly to Judaism. Dr. the preeminent professor of Biblical exegesis. however. keenly points out that. . is there any reference to a Greek translation of the Bible ever mentioned in all of the New Testament. Jerome.’ (from Lat septuaginta = 70. was attempting to place in the mind of his intended Jewish reader that it was the words of prophet Isaiah himself which declared that the messiah would be born of a virgin. not from the words of a Greek translation. “The word ‘Septuagint. Bruce. affirms Josephus’ statement regarding the authorship of the Septuagint in his preface to The Book of Hebrew Questions. circles. Nothing of course could be further from the truth. strictly speaking. this contention becomes even more preposterous when we consider that the same missionaries who attempt to explain away Matthew’s mistranslation of the Hebrew word alma by claiming that Matthew used a Septuagint when he quoted Isaiah 7:14 also steadfastly maintain that the entire first Gospel was divinely inspired. saying. the author of the first Gospel insists that it was “spoken of the Lord by the prophet. the Anchor Bible Dictionary reports precisely this point in the opening sentence of its article on the Septuagint which states.’ ” Matthew loudly makes the point that it was specifically the prophet’s own words that proclaimed the virgin birth. not Jewish. not the words of any translator. for that matter. . That is to say. of course.”3 In fact. . . these same Christian missionaries insist that every word of the New Testament. Furthermore. The fact that the original Septuagint translated by rabbis more than 22 centuries ago was only of the Pentateuch and not of prophetic books of the Bible such as Isaiah is confirmed by countless sources including the ancient Letter of Aristeas.

at least the knowledgeable ones. such as the virgin birth. the priests of Baal did not attempt to bolster the validity of their idol worship by misquoting the texts of the Hebrew Bible. taken out of context. Luke. In his attempt to promote numerous Christian creeds among the Jews.5 This fact remains obvious even to the most casual reader of the seventh chapter of Isaiah. He understood that in order to convince the Jewish people to embrace Jesus as the messiah. Matthew was faced with a serious quandary.shaped and contoured his treatise with the deliberate purpose of promoting Christianity among the Jews. How would he prove that Jesus was the messiah from the Jewish scriptures when there is no relationship between the Jesus of Nazareth of the New Testament and the messianic prophecies of the Jewish scriptures? How was he going to merge newly inculcated pagan myths. Greek audience and therefore makes no attempt to support his version of the virgin birth from the Hebrew Bible. verses in the Hebrew scriptures were altered. In essence. not the result of his unwitting decision to quote from a defective Greek translation of the Bible. For example. the church might have enjoyed far more success among the Jews as did previous religions that targeted the Jewish people for conversion. Bear in mind that the author of the first Gospel -more than any other writer in the New Testament -. Yet. Matthew was writing with a Jewish audience in mind. In essence. The irony of all this Bible manipulation is that the first Gospel was written for the sole purpose of convincing a Jewish audience that Jesus was the promised messiah. in contrast. the prophet’s original intent regarding the young woman in Isaiah 7:14 was entirely superseded by his fervid desire to somehow prove to the Jewish people that the virgin birth was prophesied in the Hebrew scriptures. it was essential to demonstrate his claim of the virgin birth from the Jewish scriptures. In essence. misquoted. the Gospel of Matthew played an enormous role in the ultimate failure of the church to effectively convert the Jews to Christianity. and John enjoyed overwhelming success among their targeted gentile audiences. once the nation of Israel was confronted with a corruption of their sacred scriptures by authors and apologists of the New Testament. the Bible reports that Baal gained enormous popularity among the Jewish people. if the Book of Matthew had never been written. In contrast. and to make traditional Jewish messianic parameters fit the life of Jesus. . the church would almost certainly have been more effective in its effort at evangelizing the Jews. Luke. It is therefore no coincidence that no other writer in the New Testament misuses the Jewish scriptures with abandon to the extent that Matthew does throughout his Gospel. into Christianity with a Hebrew Bible in which a belief in a virgin birth was unknown? In order to accomplish this daunting task. whereas the Gospels of Mark. their apostasy to Christianity for the most part became unpalatable and the Jewish people throughout history remained the most difficult nation for the church to convert. Consequently. and mistranslated by the author of the Book of Matthew in order to make Jesus’ life fit traditional Jewish messianic parameters. as Matthew did. Yet.read Hebrew that He would need to rely on a translation? Why would God need to quote from the Septuagint? Matthew’s mistranslation of the Hebrew word alma was deliberate. was writing for a non-Jewish. For Matthew. had promoters of Christianity avoided the kind of scripture tampering that can be found in virtually every chapter in the Book of Matthew. he had to claim that it was the Hebrew prophets themselves who foretold that Jesus was the messiah. This is evidenced by the fact that the context of Isaiah 7:14 is not speaking of the birth of a messiah at all.

Antiquities of the Jews. F. For Josephus’ detailed description of events surrounding the original authorship of the Septuagint. Excerpt from “Septuagint.org & www. preface to The Book of Hebrew Questions. and these two hostile armies would fail in their attempt to subjugate Jerusalem. Rabbi Tovia Singer Footnotes: 1 Josephus. 2 3 4 The seventh chapter of the Book of Isaiah begins by describing the military crisis that was confronting King Ahaz of the Kingdom Judah. see Josephus. preface to Antiquities of the Jews. The Anchor Bible Dictionary. St. 5. XII. Hendrickson.outreachjudaism. If we interpret this chapter as referring to Jesus’ birth. ii. pg.C.Best wishes for a happy Purim. It is clear from this chapter that Isaiah’s declaration was a prophecy of the unsuccessful siege of Jerusalem by the two armies of the Kingdoms of Israel and Syria.F.” New York: Vol. section 3. Sincerely yours. who was surrounded by two overwhelming military enemies.org . what possible comfort and assurance would Ahaz. not a virgin birth more than 700 years later. their deliverance was assured. 1093. 1-4. The Books and the Parchments. p. the House of David was facing immanent destruction at the hands of two warring kingdoms: the northern Kingdom of Israel and the Syrian kingdom. The Bible relates that the House of David and King Ahaz were gripped with fear. In about the year 732 B. God sent the prophet Isaiah to reassure King Ahaz that divine protection was at hand -. Pg. 487.E. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. 5 Source: www.the Almighty would protect him.150.Jewsforjudaism. Bruce. Jerome. Volume 6. In response these two warring armies. These two armies had laid siege to Jerusalem. have found in the birth of a child seven centuries later? Both he and his people would be long dead and buried. Such a sign would make no sense.

org/phpBB2/index.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no. www.org Response to Missionaries www.jewsforjudaism. messiah.drazin.simpletoremember.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.com/counter.kosherjudaism.PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www. Jesus & Christianity http://www.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.TorahAtlanta.angelfire.htm Archive of Articles.org/cr/index.outreachjudaism.html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www.html Reveals the error. .beingjewish.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike. http://jdstone.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.jewsforjudaism.att.simplyjewish.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www.MessiahTruth.php Jews for Judaism .com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah. trinity.

at the twelfth verse. So how did it find its way into a Hebrew manuscript. It contains no mention of Satan." Why Lucifer? In Roman astronomy. That can be confusing for Christians who identify Christ himself as the morning star.. which describes the angel who fell to become the ruler of hell? The answer was a surprise. heralding the rising sun. The name derives from the Latin term lucem ferre. and the bright and morning star. but about a fallen Babylonian king. The scholars authorized by . a term used as a central theme in many Christian sermons. "Day star. either by name or reference. So "Lucifer" is nothing more than an ancient Latin name for the morning star. bringer. which can best be translated as "Day star. pp. who during his lifetime had persecuted the children of Israel. had decided for themselves that they wanted the story to be about a fallen angel. Jerome in the fourth century.. The morning star appears in the heavens just before dawn. son of the Dawn."Lucifer" a problem for Christianity & Mormonism Al Case 1 The word "Lucifer" in Isaiah 14:12 presents a minor problem to mainstream Christianity. I am the root and the offspring of David. "The Sun King"). 47-48 explains: "Lucifer makes his appearance in the fourteenth chapter of the Old Testament book of Isaiah. I asked. which didst weaken the nations!" The first problem is that Lucifer is a Latin name. a creature not even mentioned in the original Hebrew text. largely by St. the fourteenth chapter of Isaiah is not about a fallen angel. What Hebrew name." And so there are those who do not read beyond the King James Version of the ." and over the centuries a metamorphosis took place. son of Shahar. written before there was a Roman language? To find the answer. the Devil. Jesus refers to himself as the morning star in Revelation 22:16: "I Jesus have sent mine angel to testify unto you these things in the churches. cast out of heaven to rule eternally in hell. Jerome had mistranslated the Hebraic metaphor.the Prince of Darkness. King James I to translate the Bible into current English did not use the original Hebrew texts. writing in the Latin tongue used by the Church.ironically --. Lucifer the morning star became a disobedient angel. In the original Hebrew text. Theologians. but used versions translated . and nowhere else: "How art thou fallen from heaven." The name evokes the golden glitter of a proud king's dress and court (much as his personal splendor earned for King Louis XIV of France the appellation. and becomes a huge obstacle for the claims of Mormonism." In the Hebrew text the expression used to describe the Babylonian king before his death is Helal." as "Lucifer. writers. Lucifer was the name given to the morning star (the star we now know by another Roman name. was Satan given in this chapter of Isaiah. or bearer. Venus). son of the morning! How art thou cut down to the ground. O Lucifer. It becomes a much larger problem to Bible literalists. Robinson in A Pilgrim's Path. of light. and in Christian tradition Lucifer is now the same as Satan.. the bringer of light. and --. The Hebrew scholar could only speculate that some early Christian scribes. and poets interwove the myth with the doctrine of the Fall.. and to whom they gave the name "Lucifer. son of the Dawn. I consulted a scholar at the library of the Hebrew Union College in Cincinnati. John J.

In the Septuagint. . He uses it as a name for a new sun in the solar system which is correct since the new sun is a second 'morning star' of 'original' 'light-bearing' substance--not some evil being of religious mythology. "Lucifer" actually meant Venus as a morning star. Its primary meaning is given in Isaiah 14:4 which says that when Israel is restored they will "take up this taunt against the king of Babylon . Jerome wasn't in error. on Joseph Smith's incorrect interpretation of the word "Lucifer" which only appears in Isaiah. in 2 Peter 1:19." Verse 12 is a part of this taunt song. he included the Lucifer verse in the Book of Mormon. The Isaiah scripture is used as proof (and has been used as such for hundreds of years now).. "this passage is often related to Satan. furthers this problem in 76:26 when it affirms the false Christian doctrine that "Lucifer" means Satan. where the Greek text has exactly the same term: 'phos-phoros' 'lightbearer. the Doctrine & Covenants. When Joseph Smith pretended to translate the supposed 'ancient record'. Lucifer wasn't equated with Satan until after Jerome. Was Jerome in error? Not at all. in part. the planet Venus when it appears as a morning star. The irony for those who believe that "Lucifer" refers to Satan is that the same title ('morning star' or 'light-bearer') is used to refer to Jesus. which describes a war in heaven based.' This is also the term used for Jesus in Revelation 22:16. This incorrect doctrine also spread into a third set of Mormon scriptures. Arthur Clarke." This phrase means. This underworld demon.. He was copying the King James Version of the Bible.. Isaiah is using this metaphor for a bright light. that was not its first meaning.. This passage refers first to the fall of that earthly king. and a similar thought is expressed in Luke 10:18 by Jesus. though not the greatest light to illustrate the apparent power of the Babylonian king which then faded." Therefore. On a lighter note. As Elaine Pagels explains though. Another book of Mormon (LDS) scripture. the concept of Satan has evolved over the years .. Obviously he wasn't copying what Isaiah actually wrote... again literally. it is translated as "heosphoros" which also means Venus as a morning star. who say 'Lucifer is Satan: so says the Word of God'. ben shachar" which can be literally translated "shining one. the Pearl of Great Price.Bible. a 3rd century BC translation of the Hebrew scriptures into Greek. So why is this a problem to Christians? Christians now generally believe that Satan (or the Devil or Lucifer who they equate with Satan) is a being who has always existed. still feared today by people in many . they also think that the 'prophets' of the Old Testament believed in this creature. How does the confusion in translating this verse arise? The Hebrew of this passage reads: "heleyl. David Grinspoon comments on the historical aspects of the word as follows: "The origin of the Judeo-Christian Devil as an angel fallen from heaven into the depths of hell is mirrored in the descent of Venus from shining morning star to the darkness below. in his fictional book 2061 correctly uses the word "Lucifer". son of dawn. and the author in 600 BC supposedly copied Isaiah in Isaiah's original words. In Latin at the time. . Therefore. So why is Lucifer a far bigger problem to Mormons? Mormons claim that an ancient record (the Book of Mormon) was written beginning in about 600 BC." Henry Neufeld (a Christian who comments on Biblical sticky issues) went on to say. Later Christians (and Mormons) were in equating "Lucifer" with "Satan". How did the translation "Lucifer" arise? This word comes from Jerome's Latin Vulgate.

kosherjudaism. Jesus. distortions and falsehood of .com/counter.lds-mormon." (Venus Revealed p. trinity. Christianity ..MessiahTruth. Grinspoon should just refer to the "Christian Devil" since the Jews never believed in such a creature and still don't to this day.org/cr/index.parts of the world. Footnote: 1. minor in Japanese.com/lucifer. is also called Lucifer.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.angelfire. 17) Actually.. and a MAcc with emphasis in tax from Brigham Young University. http://www.outreachjudaism.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.html Reveals the error. He has a BS in Accounting.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults. .shtml Source: ©2001-2005 Christianity Revealed http://jdstone.jewsforjudaism.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.org Response to Missionaries www.. messiah.TorahAtlanta.org/cr/ PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www. http://www.. http://www. Al Case is an Assistant Professor of Business at Southern Oregon University. which was originally a Latin name for Venus as a morning star.htm Archive of Articles. http://jdstone.

SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www.PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home. .org Response to Missionaries www.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.com/counter.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike.html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.angelfire.org/phpBB2/index.jewsforjudaism. http://jdstone.jewsforjudaism.simpletoremember.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.htm Archive of Articles.TorahAtlanta.drazin.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.org/cr/index.html Reveals the error. trinity. www. Jesus & Christianity http://www.simplyjewish. messiah.beingjewish.MessiahTruth.att.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide.outreachjudaism.kosherjudaism.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www.php Jews for Judaism .

Tampering With The Evidence In every way. To them that are without law. To the weak became I as weak. Proverbs 12:17 Missionaries want you to believe in the New Testament. that I might gain the Jews.) that I might gain them that are without law. A careful study of the Tanach. as under the law. as well as the New Testament. so let’s investigate this further. that I might gain the weak: I am made all things to all men. They ignore major sections of the Tanach. • Taken out of context. whether the verse praises us or criticizes us for our worst failings. To examine the believability of these claims. nor in the son of man. (being not without law to God. as without law. 1st Corinthians 9:20-22 1 . but a false witness deceits. whether in pretense or in truth. and that their claims about Jesus are supported by the Tanach. does it or can it ever include: • “God is not a man.) 2) Furthermore. • Or just made up! This is a very big claim. reveals how often deception is used to build the case for Jesus. that I might by all means save some. in whom there is no salvation. because many verses contradict the picture they are trying to fabricate. let’s begin by examining how honestly missionaries and the writers of the New Testament use Jewish scriptures. is either: • Mistranslated or misrepresented. that I might gain them that are under the law. Just look at their literature. and in that I rejoice. Setting The Stage And unto the Jews I became as a Jew. Since the writers of the New Testament wanted to paint Jesus into the Tanach as often as possible. Christ is proclaimed.” Psalm 146:3 (Jesus is referred to constantly as the Son of Man. we will see just how far they will go to make things work. Missionaries do not and cannot quote every verse. every verse of “prophecy” they claim to cite from the Tanach. Two key lessons that you should learn from this Study Guide are that: 1) Judaism must include every verse of the Tanach to get the true picture. but under the law to Christ. to them that are under the law. that he should lie…” Numbers 23:19 • “Do not put your trust in princes. Philippians 1:18 He who speaks truth gives just evidence.

In the passage above. and their doing so shows us many things. and Kesuvim (Writings). The Tanach was canonized in roughly 500 BCE (over 800 years before the New Testament was canonized) by the Men of The Great Assembly. As we know. 2 .” The Order of The Tanach A key insight into Christian manipulation begins with something as simple as the order of the Tanach. who obviously placed significance on the order of the books. A look at this chart reveals how they have rearranged the scriptures. Neviim (Prophets). Here he set the example of “the end justifies the means” for all future missionaries. many changes in translation and the order of the books were made to make it appear to “flow” better from our book to theirs. When the Church sought to graft the New Testament onto the Tanach and create the “Bible”. the word “Tanach” is an acrostic formed by the first letter of the names of the three sections of the Jewish Scriptures: Torah (The Five Books). What we will do now is look at several examples to show how much they “tamper with the evidence. the Apostle Paul showed his willingness to say whatever it took to get people to believe in Jesus.

and let him go up!’ 2 Chronicles 36:23 Malachi in contrast ends with: Behold. or even making up quotes! Below are several New Testament (NT) verses. since 2nd Chronicles ends with an upbeat message for the Jews. and Jesus fulfilled it. which is in Judah . bringing in the Messiah. 3 . Whoever is among you of all His people. ‘All the kingdoms of the earth has the Lord G-d of heaven given me. the Church tried to avoid showing hopeful messages about the future of the Jews. They substituted the name “Old Testament”. Let us examine how honestly they portrayed things.• They obviously felt they had license as “editors” of our Tanach to rearrange its order. it might appear that there was a Biblical notion of a “son of G-d”. Thus said Cyrus king of Persia . saying. John the Baptist will actually deny being Elijah. As we will see. • The new order meant that the book could no longer be called the Tanach. the Lord his G-d be with him. together with their source in Tanach (T). shortly after Jesus was born. and He has charged me to build Him a house in Jerusalem .” which to some means it superseded the old. this is a great lead-in to the New Testament story of John the Baptist. implying a “New Testament. they will demonstrate this freedom to change other things as well. There King Cyrus of Persia gives the Jews permission to return from exile to rebuild their land and their Temple . (In the New Testament Book of John. G-d is quoted as calling His “son” out of Egypt . Looking at this passage as presented in Matthew. In typical fashion.) Misquoting Texts The New Testament repeatedly claims that Jesus fulfilled Biblical prophecies. TAKING OUT OF CONTEXT EXAMPLE #1 When he arose. he took the young child and his mother by night. especially since we rejected Jesus. and required a new name. Jesus. This manipulation of our scriptures is done through taking passages out of context. whom they allege to be Elijah the Prophet. I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and awesome day of the Lord… Malachi 3:23 For the Church. mistranslating words.” Matthew 2:14 (NT) This New Testament story is about Joseph. • Ending Jewish Scriptures with the book of Malachi flows better into the New Testament book of Matthew than does 2nd Chronicles. and departed into Egypt : And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet. “Out of Egypt have I called my son. and that all attempts to make him appear to have done so come from misquoting our texts. fleeing with his wife Mary and baby Jesus. The Jewish position is that he did not fulfill any.

Furthermore. The chapter ends with a description of how he afflicted the land of Zebulon . and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death. Deuteronomy 8:5. MISTRANSLATIONS To make the Tanach (T) itself appear to be filled with references to Jesus.. at the first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulon. which ultimately led to his taking the ten tribes into exile. by the way of the sea.. in the borders of Zebulon and Nephthalim: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet. etc. which sat in darkness. and lists the areas he visited. Matthew 4:13 (NT) This passage deals with the beginning of Jesus’ ministry. he (Jesus) came and dwelt in Capernaum. For there is no weariness to him (the king of Assyria) who is set against her. saying. and it will rise over all its channels. 4 . behold. Thus said the Lord. that.. Christian translators will even mistranslate some of the Hebrew words. but we must also be wary of Christian translations of what they call the Old Testament (OT) as well. not only should we be aware of the deception found in the New Testament. and the land of Naphtali. strong and many. as a man chastens his son. Exodus 4:22 You shall also consider in your heart. we see that Hosea is clearly referring to the Jewish People collectively as G-d’s “son”. light is sprung up. Israel is my son.“When Israel was a child. This use of metaphor is common throughout the Tanach. and afterwards he afflicted her more grievously by the way of the sea. and go over all its banks..” Hosea 11:1 (T) If you looked at the entire passage in Hosea that Matthew is quoting from. and the Galilee . which is upon the sea coast. so the Lord your God chastened you. then I loved him.23 (T) The 8th chapter of Isaiah is really an historical account of the king of Assyria ’s assault on the Northern Kingdom of Israel.” The people. beyond Jordan. and the land of Naphtali. EXAMPLE #2 And leaving Nazareth. saw a great light. Matthew wanted to show that Jesus fulfilled a prophecy that the Messiah would also begin his prophecy in these places. as opposed to Matthew’s claim that this is a messianic prophecy. Notice that Matthew twice eliminates wording about how the subject “afflicted” these areas. Naphtali. my firstborn. “The land of Zebulon. where the Jewish people are referred to repeatedly as G-d’s “son” or “child”. and called my son out of Egypt . the Lord brings upon them the waters of the river... Isaiah 8:7. beyond the Jordan. Therefore. the above verse in Hosea is one of many examples where the New Testament takes a historical event and makes it into a messianic prophesy. in Galilee of the nations. fulfilled by Jesus. And you shall say to Pharaoh. Galilee of the Gentiles. Now therefore. the king of Assyria and all his glory.

It appears that the Psalm clearly commands us to embrace the Son (of G-d). Original Hebrew (T). and is not a messianic prophecy. EXAMPLE #4 Psalm 2:12 Kiss the Son.EXAMPLE #3 Psalm 22:17 For dogs have surrounded me. Blessed are all they that put their trust in Him. Christians try to insert the Aramaic word for “son” into a Hebrew psalm. when His wrath is kindled but a little. Blessed are all they that put their trust in Him. Isaiah 38:13.” Matthew 2:23 (NT) 5 . or else suffer the consequences. and David uses the word “lion” earlier in the same Psalm to describe his pursuers. In this psalm. tremble with fright. and you perish from the way. they pierced my hands and my feet. VS For dogs surround me.The word means “purity” in Hebrew. they are translated “like a lion”. lest He be angry. “He shall be called a Nazarene. If you examine all other places where Christian translators translates (C’Ari) in the Old Testament. like a lion (at) my hands and feet. VS Embrace Purity. This leads one to think it is hinting at Jesus. Christian Translation (OT). Original Hebrew (T). and you perish from the way. The word (C’Ari) means “like a lion”. Made Up Verses EXAMPLE #5 And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth : that it might be filled which was spoken by the prophets. lest He be angry. Christian Translation (OT). This passage is written by King David about the travails of his life. (Numbers 24:9. Ezekiel 22:25). It appears that the Psalm prophesizes about someone whose hands and feet are pierced. when His wrath is kindled but a little. David is admonishing the rulers of the earth on their behavior. the assembly of the wicked encircles me. the assembly of the wicked have encircled me. “Be prudent… accept discipline…Serve the Lord in awe.

The word of the Lord came unto me. never accepted a belief in anything like this. Hanameel. and shows no connection to the city of Nazareth . and to be known for that. it is clearly not the same quote. which is necessary to show that he was the “son of G-d. as the Lord appointed me. However. Some Christians attempt to connect this verse with a “nazir”. Know that the same type of manipulation of scripture is also used for beliefs that are foundational to Christianity. Jeremiah never said any such quote. “Nazir” is spelled with a “zayin “(z). which is someone who takes an oath of abstinence from wine.The point of this passage is to show that the Messiah is supposed to be from the city of Nazareth . Even though the word root is the same. and bear a son. The closest we can come up with are a combination of the following: And Jeremiah said. 6 . Isaiah 7:14 (Christian Translation) This is the verse upon which Christianity bases its claim that Jesus was born of a virgin. Cast it unto the potter: a goodly price that I was prized at of them. It was made up! Not even the words “ Nazareth ” or “Nazarene” themselves are to be found as well. stories of “virgin-births” were common within pagan mythologies. saying. So they weighed for my price thirty pieces of silver. Let’s now examine two of these beliefs. Actually. And gave them for the potter’s field. and shall call his name Immanuel. whom they of the children of Israel did value. etc. “And they took the thirty pieces of silver. Behold. and if not. The Virgin Birth Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign. Buy my field that is in Anathoth: for the right of redemption is yours to buy it. Not only has there never been a requirement for the Messiah to be from Nazareth . Judas threw them into the Temple before committing suicide. forbear. whereas Natzeret ( Nazareth ) is spelled with a by "tzady“ (tz). saying. • EXAMPLE #6 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremiah the prophet. your uncle shall come unto you. a virgin shall conceive. but also the quote Matthew cites does not appear anywhere in the Tanach. on the other hand. as Jesus of Nazareth was. Others try to make the connection from the description of the Messiah in Isaiah 11. After feeling remorse. as a “netzar “ (branch) of Jesse (David’s father). And the Lord said unto me. Jeremiah 32:6-7 (T) And I said unto them.” As mentioned before. the price of him that was valued. And I took the thirty pieces of silver. the son of Shallum. give me my price. and were readily accepted by pagans. Zechariah 11:12-14 (T) One might say that all the examples we have given so far are petty compared to the big picture.” Matthew 27:9-10 (NT) Matthew wants us to think that the Prophet Jeremiah foretold about the 30 pieces of silver that Judas received for betraying Jesus. Behold. and cast them to the potter in the house of the Lord. Judaism. If you think it good. saying.

G-d offered him a sign that he and the rest of Jerusalem would be saved. saying. Ask a sign of the Lord your G-d. which is actually (Besula). Isaiah 7:1-16 (T) King Ahaz of the Kingdom of Judah was being attacked by the two armies of Aram and Israel . The young woman (that Ahaz knew) was pregnant. But Ahaz said. Once again. when he shall know how to refuse the evil. and shall call his name Immanu-El. how do we achieve atonement? They answer that such sacrifices are no longer necessary since the blood of Jesus will serve as our eternal atonement if we only believe in him. and choose the good”. or in the height above. that Rezin the king of Aram .king of Judah . Leviticus 17:11 (OT) Christian missionaries will tell you that this passage affirms that it is only through a blood sacrifice that we can make atonement for our souls.. O house of David.. What comfort would he gain from a child born 700 years later.By now we have seen enough of how some Christian “editors” manipulate Jewish texts to appreciate how this verse has been doctored. Blood Atonement For the life of the flesh is in the blood.. For before the child shall know how to refuse the evil. When you cross-reference these words with other times it is mentioned in Tanach. neither will I tempt the Lord. The real sign was that before the child would “know how to refuse the evil.king of Israel . Behold. Let us now look at all of Isaiah Chapter 7 to see what is really going on. went up toward Jerusalem to fight against it. we insist that it is necessary to see every passage in its full context to understand its true meaning. and she will bear a son. but could not prevail against it. To ease his fears. And he said. Ahaz lived 700 years before Jesus.. ask it either in the depth. if it did mean “a virgin”. since he needed help then? Christian translators change the word (Ha’alma). Therefore the Lord himself shall give you a sign. 7 . Hear now. the young woman is with child. Butter and honey shall he eat. the “the young woman” translation will be proven correct.. Through mistranslating words and taking things out of context. I will not ask. and was panicking. which means “the young woman” to mean “a virgin”. and choose the good. Since we Jews no longer have Temple sacrifices. we again see how their “Old Testament” is an invalid representation of our Tanach. And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz . and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls. Besides. and choose the good... and Pekah . Is it a small thing for you to weary men. Ahaz would be spared of the two kings. for it is the blood that makes an atonement for the soul. and there is no mention of any such event occurring. but will you weary my G-d also? 14. Moreover the Lord spoke again to Ahaz. and would give birth. the land whose two kings you dread shall be deserted. then there had to be a virgin-birth in Ahaz’s day.

and cover it with dust.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah. For it is the life of all flesh.TorahAtlanta. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www. and will cut him off from among his people. No soul of you shall eat blood. You shall not eat the blood of any kind of flesh.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.org Response to Missionaries www. Therefore I said to the people of Israel . is a blood sacrifice the only way to achieve atonement? Not according to the Tanach. he shall pour out its blood. However.jewsforjudaism. for the life of all flesh is its blood.beingjewish. messiah.MessiahTruth. trinity. We certainly have not covered all of the Christian proof-texts. 8 .org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults. www.drazin.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide. or of the strangers who sojourn among you.jewsforjudaism.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.angelfire. and when sacrifices play their part to atone for us.kosherjudaism.php Jews for Judaism .com PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www. I hope you can see how important it is to deal with all of Tanach in its original language and context. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www. whoever eats it shall be cut off.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no.org/cr/index. but it is fair to say that we have seen typical examples of the distortion used to make their case. who hunts and catches any beast or bird that may be eaten.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.att.com/articles/Is%20A%20Blood%20Sacrifice%20Necessary. or of the strangers who sojourn among you. for it is the blood that makes an atonement for the soul. and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls.htm Archive of Articles. the blood of it is for its life. Source: http://www. Jesus & Christianity http://www.torahatlanta.And whoever there is of the house of Israel.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www. who eats any kind of blood.org/phpBB2/index.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home.outreachjudaism.htm) By now.html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www. it is the blood (not the nose or the foot or the ear) that atones when offered on the altar. and needed the Jewish texts to fit their needs.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.simplyjewish.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike. See "Is A Blood Sacrifice Required For Atonement?(http://www. I will set my face against that soul who eats blood.html Reveals the error.com/counter. therefore I said to the people of Israel. For the life of the flesh is in the blood.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www. Blood is special. The writers of the Christian scriptures had an agenda. Leviticus 17:10-14 (T) Clearly.simpletoremember. http://jdstone. and are not about atonement. these passages are about the prohibition against consuming blood.torahatlanta. And whoever there is of the people of Israel. nor shall any stranger who sojourns among you eat blood.

The reality is that the messianic agenda. that this is all true and that they need to accept Jesus as Messiah in order to become "completed Jews". according to the Hebrew Bible. 1 . They try to convince their Jewish targets. INTRODUCTION Christianity is based on the claim that Jesus is the Messiah who fulfilled all the prophecies in the Hebrew Bible. this person will be. II. This information is then cast into a "Job Requisition" that serves as a template that for of the evaluating the suitability of a claimant to this position. shown in Table II-1. many Christian missionary websites list hundreds of "Old Testament" prophecies. has been developed to describe who. the promised Jewish Messiah. along with passages from the New Testament as "evidence" of their fulfillment by Jesus. In fact. which are to be completed during the reign of (mashi'ah). This essay focuses on what the Hebrew Bible teaches concerning the qualifications and expectations . unfortunate situations occur when Christian missionaries use this material for the purpose of Jewish evangelism. consists of a mere handful of significant items. JUDAISM'S MESSIAH A "Job Requisition" template for the position of Jewish Messiah. Specifically. Further elaboration on its contents follows the table. and demonstrates. what his known attributes are.MESSIAH WANTED! I. he did not do the job right. Christianity's candidate for this position. and (b) even though it is claimed he was appointed to the position. as described in the Hebrew Bible. this template is applied to Jesus. JOB REQUISITION: . (a) that he failed to qualify for the job. particularly those who are perceived as lacking a good Jewish education. Although it is not the spiritual concern of Judaism and of the Jewish community at large whether Christians choose to believe these claims are true. and what he is expected to accomplish.

. and to preside over the people of Israel as their king.Table II-1 – "Job Requisition" for the Position Available Job Description Job Requirements Prior Job Experience .g..g. Prior Job Experience Although Jewish tradition holds that in every generation there lives a person who is worthy of being the promised Jewish Messiah. as described in the Hebrew Bible. B. Is 11:12) Reunification of Judah and Israel into one people (e. sitting on the throne of King David. Mal 3:23-24[4:5-6]) Building the Third Temple in Jerusalem (e. Is 26:19) A.g. Is 2:4) Universal knowledge of G-d (e. this job has never before been filled..g. 7. 2. but not necessarily be limited to.g. Ezek 37:26-28) In-gathering of Jewish exiles to Israel (e. 2 . as foretold in the Hebrew Bible.g...g.. Ezek 37:22) World peace (e. To execute and successfully complete the messianic agenda.. 3. 5. Consequently..g. through King Solomon (e. the following: 1. 6. Qualifications The Qualifications of candidates for the job of Jewish Messiah are the pre-requisites for consideration. Ezek 46:16-17) Qualifications 2. 4. None The successful candidate will have attributes that must include. These must include. Is 2:3. 11:2. but not necessarily be limited to. 2 Sam 7:12-16) Be a spiritual and military/political leader (e.g. though some will commence prior to his being identified as the Messiah. The successful candidate will be expected to bring about certain conditions as part of his sovereignty. Is 11:9) Resurrection of the dead (e. the following: 1. Dan 7:14) Be married and have children during his term (e. Performance Appraisal Criteria 3. it is not possible to possess any prior job experience.g.. within one lifetime. Be the seed (a direct descendant) of King David. Arrival of Elijah the Prophet (e. and they are specified in the Hebrew Bible.the Jewish Messiah To usher in the messianic era..

] 1 Chronicles 22:9-10 – (9) Behold a son will be born to you.1. so that when he goes astray I will chastise him with the rod of men and with afflictions of human beings. As an ordinary mortal. 3 . nations. his political leadership will be well recognized throughout the world: Daniel 7:14 . let us go up to the L-rd's mount. then it shall be his [the servant's] until the year of liberty. 30:9. there is a clear indication that the Prince. then I shall raise up your seed after you. and I shall make firm the throne of his kingdom forever. 28:3-7. and I shall give peace and quiet to Israel in his days. whom I removed from before you." for out of Zion shall the Torah come forth. [See also 1 Kgs 8:15-20. and tongues will serve him.And many nations shall go. (13) He shall build a Temple for My sake. an authority who will influence all of Israel to follow Torah in an environment created by his spiritual leadership: Isaiah 2:3 . he lives/will live in a world of recognizable realities of military requirements and political alignments. Seed of David through Solomon The Messiah will be a biological descendant of King David from the branch that goes through Solomon. (17) But if he gives a gift of his inheritance to one of his servants. he will be a man of peace. a "flesh & blood" human being. for Solomon will be his name. and he shall be to Me as a son. Ezek 34:23-24. (15) But My mercy shall not move away from him as I removed [it] from Saul. and I shall give him peace from all his enemies around about. and they shall say. and they will be entitled to inherit his property: Ezekiel 46:16-17 – (16) Thus says the L-rd G-d: "If the Prince gives a gift to any of his sons. 33:15. He will have to deal with these realities. it is their property by inheritance. honor. 22:9-10. and then it returns to the Prince. 1 Chron 17:11-15. and I shall prepare the throne of his kingdom forever. 3. only to his sons shall his inheritance belong. and we will go in His paths. 37:24].] 2. since Solomon is the one who built the Temple: 2 Samuel 7:12-16 – (12) When your days will be completed and you will lie with your forefathers. Spiritual and Military/Political Leader of Israel The Messiah will be steeped in Torah. and kingship. so that all peoples. and emerge victorious within the constraints that they engender. and I shall establish his kingdom. who is the Messiah/King [see Ezek 34:23-24. "Come. his dominion is an eternal dominion that will never be removed. (16) And your dynasty and your kingdom shall be confirmed before you forever. Nevertheless. to the House of the G-d of Jacob. and his kingship will not be destroyed.He has been given dominion. Married with Children Although marriage and children are not stated pre-requisites for being the Messiah. Jer 23:5. (10) He shall build a House in My Name. your throne will remain firm forever. The Messiah will defeat and conquer the enemies surrounding Israel. it is his inheritance to remain in their possession. (14) I shall be to him a Father. and I to him as a Father. and let Him teach us of His ways. 37:24-25. that which will issue from your loins. [See also Is 11:1. and the Word of the L-rd from Jerusalem. will have children (via marriage) at some point in time during his reign. and he shall be to Me a son.

heralding the commencement of the messianic era: Malachi 3:23[4:5] – Behold. and I will place My Sanctuary in their midst forever.] 4. I will send you Elijah the Prophet before the coming of the great and awesome day of the L-rd. Arrival of Elijah the Prophet Elijah the prophet will precede the Messiah and "pave the way" for his arrival. one of the most detailed and vivid descriptions of the messianic era to be found in the Hebrew Bible .And he [Messiah] shall set up a banner for the nations. and they shall be to Me as a people.] 5. Ezek 37:16-21. in Chapters 40-48. and they shall not be divided into two kingdoms anymore. 23:3. World Peace The Messiah will be recognized as a fair judge and peacemaker. Ezekiel Chapters 40-48. Ezek 37:21-22. and I will multiply them. and I will establish them. Jer 16:15. and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel.And I will make them into one nation in the land upon the mountains of Israel. Building the Third Temple in Jerusalem The presence of the Third Temple is envisioned in what is. (28) And the nations shall know that I am the L-rd who sanctifies Israel. [See also the "lead-in". [See also Is 33:20. Performance Appraisal Criteria The Performance Appraisal Criteria comprise several significant messianic agenda items against which the performance of a qualified candidate for the job of Jewish Messiah must be evaluated. Zech 10:6-10. (27) And My dwelling place shall be over them. In-Gathering of Jewish Exiles to Israel The Messiah will repatriate the Jewish people from the Diaspora to the promised land of Israel in preparation for the repair of the schism that followed Solomon's reign: Isaiah 11:12 . 2. and one king shall be to them all as a king. and gather the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth.Chapter 37 in the Book of Ezekiel: Ezekiel 37:26-28 – (26) And I will form a covenant of peace for them. Is 11:13. 1. and they shall no longer be as two nations.C. and I will be to them for a G-d. Ezekiel provides detailed descriptions of the Third Temple and the ritual services to be held within its walls. when My Sanctuary is in their midst forever.] Later on. disputes between countries will be settled through peaceful means and not by war: 4 . perhaps. Reunification of Judah and Israel into One People The messianic agenda calls for the restoration of a unified kingdom for the people of Israel: Ezekiel 37:22 . 3. [See also 43:5-6. an everlasting covenant shall be with them. and in the messianic era.

Qualifications – Did Jesus Qualify for the Job? 1. Since.They shall not harm and not destroy on all of My holy mountain. the Holy Ghost. Micah 4:3-4. B. for the land shall be as filled with the knowledge of the L-rd.g. Prior Job Experience According to the explanation given in Section II. Is 11:6-8.] III. [See also Jer 31:33[34]. A. tribal lineage . Universal Knowledge of G-d There will prevail a universal knowledge of G-d that will put an end to destruction and violence: Isaiah 11:9 . and they shall beat their swords into plowshares.And he [the Messiah] shall judge among the nations. CHRISTIANITY'S CANDIDATE – APPRAISAL OF QUALIFICATIONS & PERFORMANCE According to the New Testament. therefore. Num 1:18). Seed of David through Solomon Although the New Testament authors claim that Jesus was the "son of David" (e.. and he shall reprove many peoples. not Joseph. but not all. Zech 14:9. Resurrection of the Dead Most. 'My corpses shall rise.May Your dead live. nation shall not lift up a sword against nation. Dan 12:2. Mt 1:18-25.] 7. Jesus satisfied this criterion.a blood right .A. you who dwell in the dust. 5 . cannot be transmitted in any other manner. Mt 1:1. whose credentials and performance will be evaluated using the requirements listed in the "Job Requisition". [See also . awaken and sing. and as Christianity's candidate for the job. impregnated the "Virgin Mary".] 6. The righteous will live in bliss. including adoption.Isaiah 2:4 . Jesus has no identifiable tribal lineage. Rather than accept (on faith) the claims made by Christian missionaries about Jesus being the (Jewish) Messiah promised in the Hebrew Bible. and they shall not learn war anymore.is passed exclusively by a father to his biological sons (via the Y-Chromosome) and. Mk 12:35). Lk 1:2735) rules out the possibility of a Davidic lineage for him. and the wicked will live in misery: Isaiah 26:19 . and [to the] earth You shall cast the slackers.. according to the New Testament. According to Jewish Law (e.. he will be considered here as an applicant for the position of Jewish Messiah. [See also Ezek 37:12-13. and their spears into pruning hooks.g. of the dead will come back to life. for a dew of lights is your dew. the manner of his allegedly miraculous "Virgin Birth" (e.g. the Messiah of Christianity is Jesus. as the waters cover the sea bed. and as confirmed by recent genetic research.

However. he does not possess the requisite "Qualifications" to be a viable candidate for the job. Performance Appraisal Criteria – Did Jesus Do the Job Right? Christianity has claimed Jesus as its Messiah.g. Mt 27:29. this is a moot point.Neither give heed to fables and endless genealogies. and strivings about the law. Lk 23:38. Conclusion: Jesus failed to qualify as candidate for the job. which include those of Jesus – are akin to fables and foolish questions. and genealogies.Another problem with the claim to the Davidic throne by Jesus is the matter of the two hopelessly irreconcilable genealogies in the New Testament (Mt 1:1-17. which minister questions. offspring. a female's genealogy is irrelevant to lineage according to the Hebrew Bible. to whom Christian missionaries refer as "Rabbi".But avoid foolish questions. since that genealogy goes through Solomon's brother Nathan and. Jesus never married nor did he father any children. too. Arrival of Elijah the Prophet Jesus claimed that John the Baptist was Elijah: 6 . wrote: 1 Timothy 1:4(KJV) . According to the New Testament. "Candidate" Jesus passes the "Prior Job Experience" test. 2. Titus 3:9(KJV) . Either way. Mk 15:9. Christians still cannot agree on whether the genealogy in the Gospel of Luke belongs to Joseph or to Mary. teaches Christians that some parts of the Bible – genealogies in this case. Perhaps this is the reason that Paul. Lk 3:23-38). for they are unprofitable and vain. there exists no extant factual evidence that he was ever recognized as a Torah scholar and authority. the evaluation process continues in order to determine whether he performed that job as required. Spiritual and Military/Political Leader of Israel When did Jesus serve as spiritual and military/political leader of a unified people of Israel? Though Jesus is referred to as "King of the Jews" in the Four Gospels (e. Jn 18:39). C. which are also referred to as seed.. or that he ever led soldiers to war and was victorious on the battlefield. and contentions. 3. 1. this is not the same as biological children. Moreover. Note here how Paul. and progeny. rather than godly edifying which is in faith: so do. Married with Children Was Jesus ever married and did he (biologically) father any children? The authors of the New Testament are silent on this matter. there is no historical record or other validated evidence to substantiate that Jesus ever served in such a capacity. which must not be given heed and should be avoided. Though Christians generally refer to themselves as the "spiritual" children of Jesus. Therefore. recognizing the problems with these two genealogies.

Matthew 11:10-14(KJV) – (10) For this is he. was rather unsure about Jesus being the Messiah: Luke 7:19-20(KJV) – (19) And John calling unto him two of his disciples sent them to Jesus.C. Moreover. (13) For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John.E. 3. John Baptist hath sent us unto thee. which was for to come. alleged to have been Elijah. this is Elias. 7 . (14) And if ye will receive it. That Elias is come already. and that the Third Temple has not yet been built. John the Baptist himself denied it: John 1:21(KJV) . Likewise shall also the Son of man suffer of them. but have done unto him whatsoever they listed. Among them that are born of women there hath not risen a greater than John the Baptist: notwithstanding he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he. The historical record of the first century C. it seems that John the Baptist. and there is no mention of the Third Temple built after his death on the cross. saying. testifies to the fact that the Second Temple was destroyed by the Romans in 70 C. nowhere in the Hebrew Bible is such treatment of Elijah foretold.E.. according to the New Testament. they were exiled and dispersed into the Diaspora much more than what happened during the previous exile following the destruction of the First Temple in 586 B. and his mission will be the opposite of that which is described in the New Testament: Malachi 4:5-6(KJV)[3:23-24 in the Hebrew Bible] – (5) Behold. (12) And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence. Art thou he that should come? or look we for another? Given that Elijah will be the one announcing the arrival of the Messiah. Art thou that prophet? And he answered. was mistreated: Matthew 17:12(KJV) .E.And they asked him. saying.E. I am not. testifies to the fact that not only where the all the Jewish people not repatriated to the Holy Land. I send my messenger before thy face. Yet. 2. In-Gathering of Jewish Exiles to Israel The authors of the New Testament are silent on whether this occurred during the lifetime of Jesus. and they knew him not. What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith. they said. which shall prepare thy way before thee. lest I come and smite the earth with a curse. when he showed up. of whom it is written. Art thou he that should come? or look we for another? (20) When the men were come unto him. I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD: (6) And he shall turn the heart of the fathers to the children. Jesus also claimed that Elijah. No. how is it possible that he will not know who the Messiah is? Does this make any sense? The conclusion is that Elijah has not yet returned.But I say unto you. The historical record of the first century C. (11) Verily I say unto you. Yet. Behold. Building the Third Temple in Jerusalem The authors of the New Testament are silent about Jesus having built the Third Temple in Jerusalem. and the heart of the children to their fathers. and the violent take it by force.

testifies to the fact that war. Resurrection of the Dead Both the historical record of the first century C.E. Candidate's Score Card As was already demonstrated. this was not yet the situation at the time of the writing of Hebrews during the first century C. 5. 8 . 7.E. testifies to the fact that paganism was rampant. Universal Knowledge of G-d The historical record of the first century C.E. and that the story of the alleged "rising from the dead" of Jesus is a myth. World Peace The historical record of the first century C. satisfied each of the listed requirements. the results of the two phases of the evaluation clearly demonstrate that Jesus did not meet the requirements that would entitle him to the title of Jewish Messiah. was raging all over the region of the Holy Land and elsewhere in the known world of that time. not peace. Conclusion: Jesus failed to do the job right. the Messiah of Christianity. Reunification of Judah and Israel into One People According to a misquoted verse from the Hebrew Bible. Together. The performance of "Candidate" Jesus did not meet the stated "Performance Appraisal Criteria". Eight centuries after the destruction of the Northern Kingdom of Israel with its population dispersed into exile by Assyria. cited in Hebrews 8:8.E.4. it was actually possible to evaluate his performance on the job using the criteria provided in the Hebrew Bible. further diverted people from a universal knowledge of G-d. owing to the fact that he is the declared Messiah of Christianity. Table III. D. and that a new religion.D-1 replicates the "Job Requisition" and includes a scoring column to indicate whether "candidate" Jesus. Yet. Jesus did not possess the necessary credentials to qualify him as a candidate for the position of Jewish Messiah. and the conflicting accounts in the New Testament lead to the conclusion that no resurrection of the dead ever took place. 6. which quickly embraced many of these pagan principles. only a Judean remnant populated the Holy Land.

. The purpose of the analysis presented in this essay was to resolve this situation. on being a qualified candidate for the job: Question: Did Jesus.g.g. the following: 1.g.. in fact. and as the historical record testifies.g.D-1 – Did Christianity's candidate meet the job requirements? Category Prior Job Experience Requirements None The successful candidate will have attributes that must include. Ezek 46:16-17) The successful candidate will be expected to bring about certain conditions as part of his sovereignty. World peace (e. SUMMARY According to the requirements stated in the Hebrew Bible. Christianity's "candidate" for the position of Jewish Messiah. Is 2:3) 3. Is 11:9) 7. Be married and have children during (e. Be a direct descendant of King David.. First.. but not necessarily be limited to. Reunification of Judah and Israel into one people (Ezek 37:22) 5. Is 26:19) Criteria Satisfied: 1 "Yes". IV. Mal 3:23-24[4:5-6]) 2. Does he qualify for the title of Jewish Messiah? Would you hire him? Conclusion: Jesus was a failed candidate for the job of Jewish Messiah. Christianity has proclaimed Jesus as it's Messiah.. 9 . Be a spiritual and military/political leader (e. Is 11:12) 4. Resurrection of the dead (e. Building the Third Temple in Jerusalem (e.Table III... Is 2:4) 6. but not necessarily be limited to..g. These must include. In-gathering of Jewish exiles to Israel (e. qualify for the job? The scores on the Qualifications in Table III. 2 Sam 7:12-16) 2. the following: 1. and the New Testament contains the "evidence" of the fulfillment of the messianic prophecies in the "Old Testament".g. Arrival of Elijah the Prophet (e. the promised Jewish Messiah. These are two incompatible perspectives. and this is accomplished with the following pair of questions and answers.. though some will commence prior to his being identified as Messiah. 10 "No" Met? Yes Qualifications No No No Performance Appraisal Criteria No No No No No No No "Candidate" Jesus.g.g.g.D-1 provide the answer: Answer: Jesus did not possess the requisite qualifications for the job. Christian missionaries to the Jewish people try to impress on their Jewish targets that Jesus is. Ezek 37:26-28) 3. satisfied one out of the eleven requirements described in the "Job Requisition" for the position of Jewish Messiah. the Messiah of Christianity. Universal knowledge of G-d (e. through King Solomon (e. the position of Jewish Messiah has not yet been filled and remains vacant to this day.

trinity. the Messiah of Christianity. concerning performance on the job: Question: Did Jesus. http://jdstone.g.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide.org/gbn12.html Reveals the error. 10 . 300+ Messianic Prophecies: Prophecies From the Old Testament that Reveal that Jesus is the Messiah . Uri Yosef for http://www.com. [4:5-6]. PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.att.php Jews for Judaism .com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. The events detailed in the Hebrew Bible as part of the messianic agenda did not occur nor have they been fulfilled.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.org/cr/index.org/phpBB2/index. the Jewish Messiah.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home. history teaches that exactly the opposite conditions prevailed from the alleged time of the birth of Jesus.Second.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no.jewsforjudaism. do the job right? The scores on the Performance Appraisal Criteria in Table III. The position of . messiah. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www.MessiahTruth.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.beingjewish. In fact.outreachjudaism. even to the present time.kosherjudaism.simpletoremember.. remains open! RaMBaM's 12th Principle of Faith I believe with complete faith in the coming of the .gotell.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike.D-1 provide the answer: Answer: Jesus did not meet the performance objectives of the job. and although he may tarry.simplyjewish. All rights reserved. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www. Copyright © 2001-2005. are those used in Christian Bibles. during his ministry.gracenet.TorahAtlanta.org Response to Missionaries www. e.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.htm Archive of Articles.http://www. Jesus & Christianity http://www.MessiahTruth.html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www. www. One such example is. and long after his death. and quite to the contrary.drazin.com/counter. I will eagerly await his coming every day.angelfire.htm Chapter/Verse numbers shown in square brackets.jewsforjudaism.

Blessed are all they that put their trust in him. The Hebrew word for "son" is "ben". just a few verses before this passage. when his wrath is kindled but a little. it reads. In Hebrew. In fact. when his wrath is kindled but a little. verse 2:7. and rejoice with trembling." . along with Jewish explanations of these prophecies: Psalm 2:11-12 Psalm 22:16 Psalm 110:1 Isaiah 7:14 Isaiah 9:6-7 Isaiah 53 Daniel 9 Hosea 11:1 Zechariah 9:9 Zechariah 12:10 Psalm 2:11-12. and saith unto him. Thou art my Son [beni]. "I will declare the decree: the L-rd hath said unto me. but there is no Aramaic in any of the Psalms. In the King James Bible. the son of Joseph." This rendering makes it clear that the pronouns in verse 12 all refer to the L-rd. the word means "pure" and is correctly translated in Psalm 24 ("clean hands and a pure heart"). and the prophets. "Serve the L-rd with fear. and ye perish from the way. . The problem is that the verse is mistranslated. This passage is cited often by Christians seeking to prove the Trinity. We have found him. Verses 11 and 12 should read. Confusion results from the fact that the word does mean "son" in Aramaic." The Christian will contend that the instruction to kiss the Son and the blessing on all who put their trust in him must mean that God has a Son Who is equal with Him in divinity."Philip findeth Nathanael. then the Jew must of necessity acknowledge Jesus as Messiah. reads. or else deny the very Scriptures upon which his faith is based. and ye perish from the way. and (b) only the Messiah could have fulfilled all of them. with no hint of a Trinity. Blessed are all they that put their trust in him.John 1:45 Of all the claims raised by Christians over the centuries. proving that the word "ben" was known and used by the composer of Psalm 2. Jesus of Nazareth. The word rendered "the Son" is "bar". "Serve the L-rd with fear. this day have I begotten thee". For if this claim be true. none has stirred up as much controversy as the claim that (a) a great many messianic prophecies were fulfilled in Jesus's life. and rejoice with trembling. of whom Moses in the law. then Christianity is based on a lie. lest he be angry. Below are the prophecies generally cited by Christians. whereas if it be false. lest he be angry. did write. Kiss the Son. Desire what is pure.

as the L-rd spake unto David my father. and he shall be to me a Son"? This quote is from 2 Samuel 7:12-15. and I will establish his kingdom.Even if we assume that "bar" means "son" here. "Blessed [are] the peacemakers: for they shall be called the children of G-d" (Matthew 5:9). the passage must refer to David's son Solomon. In this verse. and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers. being made so much better than the angels. I will chasten him with the rod of men. which reads. the aforementioned problems with referring the passage to Jesus would still remain. hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son. This verse. Solomon himself thus interpreted the passage. Even Jesus says. and the express image of his person. Nor can it be held that the prophecy has two fulfillments. For unto which of the angels said he at any time. it is asked. "G-d. in the King James version. see also Hosea 11:1).) Psalm 22:16. "And when thy days be fulfilled. possibly be any more Christological? . "And again. saying. I will be to him a Father. I will be his father. behold." Could this verse. I purpose to build an house unto the name of the L-rd my G-d. "For dogs have compassed me: the assembly of the wicked have inclosed me: they pierced my hands and my feet. The sons of G-d took wives from among the daughters of men (Genesis 6:1-2). I will be to him a Father. where Nathan the prophet quotes G-d telling King David. because Jesus is supposed to have been eternally begotten of the Father. he shall build an house unto my name. The entire Psalm is regarded as Christological. the Father should not be saying to Jesus. and Satan was among them (Job 1:6. when he had by himself purged our sins. Israel is G-d's firstborn son (Exodus 4:22. and upholding all things by the word of his power. Nor can it be held that Psalm 2:7 is speaking about the birth of Jesus. It is quoted in the New Testament in Hebrews 1:15. and he shall be to me a Son?" There is something wrong with the author's citation of Psalm 2:7 here. There is nothing in Psalm 2 which makes the "bar" any more G-d's son than the sons mentioned above. King David foretold the Crucifixion in exquisite detail. and with the stripes of the children of men."). because nothing in the context of 2 Samuel 7 even hints of a second fulfillment. whom I put away before thee. A further point bears mentioning regarding Psalm 2:7. Why would G-d worry about Jesus committing iniquity? Why would Jesus need mercy. even if modern Christianity is right about the Trinity. I will set up thy seed after thee. who being the brightness of his glory. telling King Hiram of Tyre. (And even if there were a second fulfillment. this day have I begotten thee? And again. Thou art my son etc. that G-d should have to promise David that His mercy would never depart from Jesus? Rather. whom he hath appointed heir of all things. it is claimed. as the speaker is complaining of oppression at the hands of the wicked. sat down on the right hand of the majesty on high. and he shall be my son. Thou art my son. by whom also he made the worlds." This cannot possibly refer to Jesus. which shall proceed out of thy bowels. G-d has many sons. He shall build an house for my name. but verse 16 in particular is used extensively. reads. If he commit iniquity. who in sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets. and I will establish the throne of his kingdom for ever. but my mercy shall not depart away from him. "This day have I begotten thee". as I took it from Saul. The problem is that. Indeed. Thy son. "And. And what of the end of the passage I just quoted. The sons of G-d appeared before His throne. as even the King James confirms that the verse is in the past tense ("the L-rd hath said unto me. whom I will set upon thy throne in thy room. 2:1). which reads. that still doesn't give us a Trinity. just as Jesus was executed by the wicked. and most Christians read this passage of Hebrews without even seeing it." Yet the author of Hebrews insists that the passage from 2 Samuel somehow refers to Jesus. as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.

The Christian interpretation of this Psalm has another difficulty. Look in any Hebrew dictionary . like Melchizedek. "they were like a lion at my hands and my feet. we must determine who the speaker is. since he was king over them. in order to correctly interpret this verse. Christians often try to prove the Trinity by quoting Psalm 110:1. is everywhere else rendered "like a lion". "The L-rd said unto my Lord. and since the Messiah must come from his descendants. The Christological interpretation depends critically on the premise that the speaker is the Messiah. Whoever this verse is talking about will remain seated at G-d's right hand until G-d makes his enemies a footstool for his feet. the subject of the Psalm is called a priest after the order of Melchizedek in verse 4) and is granted primacy. the composer of this Psalm. as did Melchizedek (Genesis 14:18. In Psalm 110:1." David often used animal motifs in those Psalms of his that mention his being oppressed by his enemies. If Jesus is G-d. But nowhere in the entire Psalm is the Messiah even mentioned! There is not the slightest hint that the person whose hands and feet are being pierced is the Messiah. then he is not interceding for us. then monotheism requires that they both be the same Person. Christians often contend that the only person David could have called "master" is G-d Himself. Sit thou at my right hand. G-d is telling the speaker's master to sit at His right hand. it is much more tenable to hold that the Psalm is speaking about David than that it is speaking about Jesus. It should be obvious that neither claim is true. The Messiah. which really means "to my master". Psalm 110:1. the first occurrence of "Lord" is in small capitals. this verse reads. as they will have been incinerated by G-d (Malachi 4:1-3). that the Messiah must be G-d incarnate. I wonder why. seeing that David. But then G-d is talking to Himself and needs to be put in a straitjacket. He also had many enemies during his reign and certainly ruled in the midst of them (Psalm 110:2). on the other hand. both of whom are distinct from the intercessor. Christians will object that Jesus is currently carrying out the functions of the priesthood by interceding for us with G-d. until I make thine enemies thy footstool. is supposed to leave the Father's right hand and personally make his enemies a footstool for his feet. they claim. of course. would have called David their master. David also reigned in Jerusalem. and the word "k'ari". The verse is also mistranslated. in that the Messiah will come from his lineage (Isaiah 11:1). without benefit of a mediator.As with any passage of scripture. was the king of Israel? When confronted with the fact that the second occurrence of "Lord" really should be "master". it makes perfect sense to speak of him as sitting metaphorically at G-d's right hand. The Levites. based on this verse. at the second coming. But who would David's master be. and the prefix "k'" means "like". God must be a collective entity comprising at least two Persons. while most of the Psalms were composed by David. Since David was called a man after G-d's own heart. But Jesus. What Christianity should have is the wicked being destroyed supernaturally just prior to the second coming. Jesus doesn't seem to have had anything in common with Melchizedek that he should be declared a priest after his order. since there are two Beings called "Lord" here. Furthermore. In light of the above. . will rule in the absence of his enemies." Christians will contend that. he is G-d interacting directly with us. But recall that. but the second is not. which the King James renders "pierced". but what does it mean for G-d to intercede with Himself? The definition of intercession is mediation between two parties."ari" means "lion". The King James always renders G-d's name as "LORD" in small capital letters. they were played and sung by the Levites in the Temple (and in the tabernacle before the Temple was built). This is because word rendered "to my Lord" is "l'adoni". If the "master" referred to is also G-d. The last phrase should read. In the King James. Only in this verse does "k'ari" suddenly mean "pierced".

and choose the good. neither will I tempt the L-rd. which being interpreted is. Christians at this point often invoke the doctrine of dual fulfillments. "The L-rd Himself shall give you a sign etc. Behold. "virgin". "The sceptre shall not depart from Judah.we do not claim for the word the sense of unspotted purity. If you look in an interlinear Bible and search for all the other places where "almah" or "ha'almah" appears. author of the popular book "The Christology of the Old Testament". which means "the young woman". it is alleged." Clearly. nor a lawgiver from between his feet. the notion of a pure virgin. "Butter and honey shall he [Immanuel] eat. there is no mention either in this verse or in the surrounding verses that the child Immanuel is to be the Messiah. not that the name is any kind of metaphor. that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the L-rd by the prophet. The former is not indeed required by the etymology of the word. O house of David. that he may know to refuse the evil. a virgin shall conceive. The concept of the virgin birth actually works against the Christian argument." Verses 15 and 16 say. Hear ye now. it appears that this miracle is occurring simply as a sign to the person being addressed." (Matthew 1:18) Matthew goes on to say that the virgin birth of the Messiah was foretold by the Jewish prophets: "Now all this was done. then who was the virgin giving birth in King Ahaz's time? What land with two kings did Israel abhor during Jesus's childhood? Were these two kings cut off before Jesus knew to refuse the evil and choose the good? What would it even mean for G-d to not know to refuse the evil and choose the good? Moreover. "But Ahaz said. and shall bring forth a son. he writes. which reads. Immanuel was to be born during the lifetime of King Ahaz. In his commentary on Isaiah 7:14. for the preceding two verses say.. That "ha'almah" does not imply virginity is conceded by E. Behold. "Therefore the L-rd himself shall give you a sign. became pregnant with Jesus without having had sexual intercourse with anyone. . Now for the examination of the Hebrew. You can verify this in any Hebrew dictionary. however. the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings. if he had wanted to say. as it is written: "Now the birth of Jesus Christ was on this wise: When as his mother Mary was espoused to Joseph. Nothing in the context of Isaiah 7 even hints of a second fulfillment of the prophecy.. and that of an unmarried woman. but only that of the unmarried state". before they came together. The most well-known aspect of Jesus's life according to the New Testament is the virgin birth. saying.Isaiah 7:14. I will not ask. is it a small thing for you to weary men. he could have. And he [Isaiah] said. and the word "virgin" is being correctly translated. ". and shall call his name Immanuel. she was found with child of the Holy Ghost. are blended together. because the Messiah has to be of the tribe of Judah. "Here. it is universally admitted that Mary never called Jesus Immanuel. First." A few things should be readily apparent even without looking at the original Hebrew. as it is written. The word "b'tulah" appears dozens of times and was certainly known and used by Isaiah. until Shiloh come. as well as throughout this whole inquiry. On the same page. as opposed to just once. For before the child shall know to refuse the evil. you will find that the King James correctly translates it "young woman" or "the young woman". and choose the good. the sense of the naming of the child is that the woman is giving the name to the child. and they shall call his name Emmanuel. is never sanctioned anywhere in the Hebrew Scriptures. which asserts that a prophecy may be fulfilled two or even many times. This doctrine. then. The word translated "a virgin" in Isaiah 7:14 is "ha'almah". but will ye weary my G-d also?" It is then that Isaiah says. a virgin shall be with child. and bear a son. Hengstenberg. Mary. and unto him shall the gathering of the people be" (Genesis 39:10. he writes. The word in Hebrew for "virgin" is "b'tulah". And if there is a dual fulfillment. Even granting that a virgin birth is being discussed (I will take that up later). Second. but the latter certainly is" (page 169). G-d with us. the person being addressed is King Ahaz. for otherwise his birth would not be a sign to him. W." (Matthew 1:22-23) The prophecy referred to is Isaiah 7:14.

a resurrection. then he had a great supernatural Father but was himself of no tribe and hence cannot have been the Messiah. When it comes to proving the Trinity out of the Hebrew Scriptures. from twenty years old an upward. while Jewish descent is confirmed through the mother's ancestry. therefore. the Mighty God. The everlasting Father. tribal lineage goes through the father's. "Their carcasses were [vat'hi] as refuse in the street.000 years of waiting. upon the throne of David. as Matthew 1 and Luke 3 give conflicting genealogies for Joseph (though both make him of the tribe of Judah). Only in Isaiah 9:6-7 are these verbs translated in the future tense. the G-d of Israel" (Genesis 33:20). and nearly 2. "For a child was born to us [yuladlanu]. Hezekiah in particular means "mighty G-d". leaving no room for an atoning death. One might accuse me of nitpicking. to establish it and to support it with justice and with righteousness. ." (Leviticus 1:1). and Aaron was his prophet (Exodus 7:1).. we must concede the possibility that the child may simply be a representative of G-d.. that Isaiah 7:14 in no way foretells the birth of Jesus. the subject of the passage cannot be any first-century person or event. as is often the case with passages purported to be Christological. Counsellor. no passage is cited more fervently than Isaiah 9:6-7. then he cannot be Jesus. "And the L-rd called [vay'kra] unto Moses. since descent from G-d is far better than descent from Judah." From this passage. Now. and Jacob called one of the altars he built "G-d. Some have tried to resolve this problem by saying that since Joseph was Jesus's adopted father. and to establish it with judgment and with justice from henceforth even for ever. Is this interpretation correct? The Christian had better hope not! The child's ascension to power is mentioned in a continuous narrative following right on the heels of the child's birth. The verb forms are all in the past tense! The passage should read. Of the increase of his government and peace there shall be no end. the zeal of the L-rd of hosts shall accomplish this. Many Hebrew names also contain G-d's name.. The zeal of the L-rd of hosts will perform this. according to the number of the names. and for peace without end. The Prince of Peace. Jerusalem. If the child is the Messiah. and his name was called [vay'kra] Wondrous Adviser. to him also there was born [yulad] a son.. Therefore.) Joseph's ancestry is also far from clear. even though high priests must be of Aaron's lineage [Numbers 18]. Jerusalem is called "YHVH [G-d's name] Our Righteousness" (Jeremiah 33:16). Furthermore. and the authority was [vat'hi] upon his shoulder. and upon his kingdom. there are mistranslations." Isaiah is not making a prophecy. In the King James version. by the house of their fathers. from now and to eternity. Jesus's tribe would be reckoned by Joseph's ancestry. but there is no scriptural precedent for reckoning tribal membership in this fashion. as the same verbs are translated elsewhere in the past tense: "And to Seth. Additionally. (One might just as easily claim that the adopted son of a high priest is qualified to succeed him as high priest. The mighty G-d. and they declared their pedigrees after their families. people or things that serve to represent G-d or are closely associated with G-d are often given divine titles. as it is written: "And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month. but recounting history. the Prince of Peace. on David's throne and on his kingdom. a son given to us. it reads: "For unto us a child is born. It is clear. but G-d's word said that the Messiah would be of the tribe of Judah. For instance.. to order it. the Christian concludes that the Messiah must be G-d incarnate. unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful. and I cannot argue with G-d's word. Isaiah 9:6-7. Moses was made a god to Pharaoh.the word "shiloh" means "him to whom it belongs" and is universally taken to be a reference to the Messiah).." (Isaiah 5:25). by their polls" (Numbers 1:18)." (Genesis 4:26). To him who increases the authority. If Jesus had no human Jewish father. Scripture is clear that tribal membership is determined by the biological father's ancestry. Unless we wish to worship Moses. and Jacob's altar. the Everlasting Father. That the verbs in Isaiah 9:6-7 are in the past tense is confirmed by the King James Bible itself.

beyond Jordan. in John 10:30. The same Greek word. the passage reads. Jesus does say. but rather claiming to represent G-d in the same way that the judges represented Him. he quotes Psalm 82:6. "the head of every man is Christ. ends with Jesus saying." This is clearly in the past tense and cannot apply to Jesus. John 14:28." At the time Isaiah penned this passage. In the NASB. saying. The deliverance was accomplished in spectacular fashion: an angel went into the Assyrian camp and killed 185. by the way of . in the borders of Zabulon and Nephthalim: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Esaias the prophet. after Jesus says. in this manner they slew each other until they were routed. But that did not stop Matthew from thus using it: "And leaving Nazareth. It is interesting to note that the statement. the yoke of his [Israel's] burden and the staff of his shoulder. the people which sat in darkness saw great light. not that the Messiah must be G-d. I now understand that Jesus was not claiming divinity. is used to mean "one" in both verses and indicates a unity of purpose. John 20:17). for instance. as on the day of Midian. where judges who teach G-d's law are called gods. The phrase "as on the day of Midian" indicates the similarity between the event Isaiah is describing and Gideon's equally miraculous victory over the Midianites (see Judges 7). The translators of the New American Standard Bible understood the problem with Isaiah 9:1-2 being in the past tense. "I and my Father are one". in earlier times He treated the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali with contempt. Chapters 36 and 37 of Isaiah recount how Hezekiah stood firm in the face of Sennacherib's vast army and his blasphemous words against the G-d of Israel. so that each one thought that his fellow was one of the attackers.g. but the Father never refers to Jesus as "my G-d". by the way of the sea. the rod of the one who oppressed him have you broken. G-d had just delivered King Hezekiah and Jerusalem from a siege laid by the Assyrians under General Sennacherib. and the head of the woman is the man. he [Jesus] came and dwelt in Capernaum. and afterward more grievously did afflict her by the way of the sea. even as he and the Father were one. G-d sent confusion upon the Midianites. "The zeal of the L-rd of hosts shall do this". When all seemed lost. this is the reason. rather than a oneness of being. A further point bears mentioning regarding Isaiah 9. "But there will be no more gloom for her who was in anguish. and Paul in 1 Corinthians 11:3 says. in John 17:11. In that battle. but later on he shall make it glorious. found at the end of Isaiah 9:7. but he also prayed that the disciples would be one. Interestingly enough. when at first he lightly afflicted the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali. The land of Zabulon. The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light: they that dwell in the land of the shadow of death. and for this he was rewarded with a miraculous victory. This always puzzled me when I was a Messianic Jew. and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death light is sprung up" (Matthew 4:13-16). "the Father is greater than I". Verse 3 in a Jewish translation (corresponds to verse 4 in a Christian Bible) reads: "For. Hezekiah continued to trust in the L-rd. "I and the Father are one" and the Pharisees pick up stones to stone him. Both of these passages discuss the miraculous deliverance wrought by G-d on Hezekiah's behalf. When Sennacherib awoke to find his army decimated. Verses 1 and 2 in the King James read.000 soldiers while they slept. "Nevertheless the dimness shall not be such as was in her vexation. The scene of the preceding verses in Isaiah 9 is the recounting of a great military triumph by Israel over its enemies. in Galilee of the nations. If the reader has ever wondered why Jesus often refers to the Father as "my G-d" (e. upon them hath the light shined. is found in only two other places in the Bible: Isaiah 37:32 and 2 Kings 19:31. in light of all the above. Galilee of the Gentiles. This is probably because they didn't seem to believe in Jesus's deity. "ein". he and the remaining soldiers fled to Nineveh. which is upon the sea coast. so they simply changed it.That the New Testament never quotes this verse indicates that even the New Testament authors didn't take this verse to be a reference to Jesus. and the head of Christ is G-d". but that Isaiah is recounting G-d's defense of Jerusalem during the Assyrian siege. The most logical interpretation of Isaiah 9:6-7 is. where he was assassinated by his own sons (Isaiah 37:36-38). Gideon and 300 other unarmed men attacked the Midianite camp. and the land of Nephthalim. beyond Jordan.

We will go with you: for we have heard that G-d is with you. This was spoken to fulfill what was spoken through Isaiah the prophet. saying. yet they esteemed him stricken. The end of chapter 52 and the beginning of chapter 53 tell us who the speaker is: "So shall he [the servant] sprinkle many nations. that ten men shall take hold out of all languages of the nations. on the other side of Jordan. by the way of the sea. the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for that which had not been told them shall they see. and afflicted (53:4). if Isaiah were the speaker. for the most part. the light will shine on them. The people who walk in darkness will see a great light. until you examine the original Hebrew. it is apparent that the speakers are Gentile kings at the end of days. those who live in a dark land. is "mipesha ami nega lamo" and should have been rendered. for the main sin committed by the Gentiles has been the persecution of the Jews. even shall take hold of the skirt of him that is a Jew. the Gentile world would never be taught the truth about this G-d. etc. (The prophecy actually begins in 52:13 and continues through the end of 53. These verses could theoretically apply to Jesus.) In this passage. Who hath believed our report? and to whom is the arm of the L-rd revealed?" From these verses. But they didn't cover their tracks very well. as the Christians claim. and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb. yet the Gentile world has generally held that Israel's persecution is a divine punishment for our refusal to believe in Jesus. Christians will tell you that this servant can only be the Messiah and that therefore the prophecy must be about Jesus's atoning death on the cross. The Warsaw ghetto uprising during the Holocaust stands out because it is the exception.the people who were sitting in darkness saw a great light. and bruised for their iniquities (verse 5). "through the transgression of my people a . the translators allow the verse to perhaps apply to Jesus. Galilee of the Gentiles . in the region of Zebulun and Naphtali. beyond the Jordan. Matthew certainly had no motivation to put the passage in the past tense. Matthew's citation of the passage therefore confirms that the passage really is in the past tense. The prophecy cited most often by Christian missionaries seeking to prove Jesus's Messiahship is Isaiah 53. This is why the first several verses of the chapter are in the past tense. and to those who were sitting in the land and shadow of death. Is this true? The first question one must ask when dealing with any passage in scripture is who the speaker is. but it too could apply to the Jews. since that precludes its application to Jesus." This verse looks Christian. "for the transgression of my people was he stricken". but they could also apply to the Jewish people. upon them a light dawned'". "He was oppressed.000 years the Jewish people have suffered immeasurably as a result of Gentile sins. Isaiah foretells the sufferings of G-d's righteous servant as a result of the sins of the world." (Isaiah 53:7) Christians will at this point say. Isaiah 53. and he was afflicted. The phrase rendered. The same words spoken by King David might mean something totally different when spoken by Satan. saying. "He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. for if the Jews had buckled under persecution and forsaken their faith in one G-d. and that which they had not heard shall they consider. as it is written: "Thus saith the L-rd of hosts." (Zechariah 8:23) Moving on. It is the griefs and sorrows of these Gentile kings that the servant has borne. we find. the text would be entirely in the future." By rendering the passage in the future." (53:8) A footnote near the beginning of the verse indicates that it could also be rendered.the sea. He was wounded for their transgressions. "Aha! When has Israel ever kept silent in the face of persecution?" But the sad truth is that the Jews have historically had very low self-esteem. "and leaving Nazareth. so he openeth not his mouth. He came and settled in Capernaum. Galilee of the Gentiles. which is by the sea. "With his stripes [scourging] we are healed" (verse 5) looks Christian. and the NASB translators intentionally mistranslated it. For the last 2. `The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali. smitten of G-d. In those days it shall come to pass. "He was taken away by distress and judgment: but. we have simply knuckled under and accepted our fate. they still have Matthew quoting the passage in the past tense! Matthew 4:13-16 in the NASB reads. yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter.

is "b'moto". The Church's mistake in its interpretation of the rabbinic writings is understandable. he hath put him to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin [or. Verse 10 says. "ya'arich yamim". he shall see seed. because he had done no violence. inspiring the Jewish people to repent and to seek G-d with all their heart. the word that can mean metaphoric or spiritual children is "ben".blow [or plague] was to *them*". and `those to whom he was not proclaimed shall see him'". but following the Crucifixion. In the Talmud's commentary on Isaiah 53. neither was any deceit in his mouth. But even if they could conclusively prove that the servant could not possibly be Israel. the Jews should have accepted Jesus in droves. With the rise of Messianic Judaism in its various forms. that the servant is not Jesus of Nazareth. In the last days. can only mean biological children. and everyone knew that the Messiah was going to die for our sins. "in his deaths". thus. If the servant is not Israel. if everyone took this prophecy to be Messianic. It gets worse. lest they rise up and by force prevent the great redemptive act from taking place." By his *knowledge*? Christians universally claim that Jesus justified many by his *death*! Jews. seeing their faith." Jesus did not see seed. In this way he explained the text: `Thy form shall be inglorious among men'. it is certain. The way to refer to an eternal life is "chai olam". but you cannot speak about one person in the plural. wrote thus in "Contra Celsum": "I remember that once in a discussion with some whom the Jews regard as learned I used these prophecies [from Isaiah 53]. for he shall bear their iniquities. however. this man will die as a martyr for his faith." The King James translation has a footnote by the word "death" stating that the Hebrew has "deaths". hundreds of years before Rashi.) Even the Christians aren't claiming that the Messiah was supposed to die more than once. You can speak about a nation in the singular. that as a result of the scattering of the Jews among the other nations many might become proselytes. singular. G-d. since they were scattered in the dispersion and smitten. on the other hand. "zerah". "He shall see of the travail of his soul. Verse 11 says. and shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many. when Jerusalem is under siege by the nations of the world. Moshiach ben Yosef (the anointed one of the tribe of Joseph). he shall prolong days. why did the Jews reject Jesus? With a great stretch of the imagination. look at verse 9: "And he made his grave with the wicked. A Christian who is not familiar with the tradition of . As if there were any doubt. the opinion is expressed that one man. the servant therefore cannot be the Messiah. a Church father who lived in the third century. When confronted with the evidence. will suffer in the same manner as the servant of Isaiah 53. however. The first question that should come to mind is. and the word here. however. and with the rich in his death. even when these nations practice antisemitism. At this the Jew said that these prophecies referred to the whole people as though of a single individual. he died at 33! Christians will counter that Jesus in fact did prolong days in that he was resurrected and is now over two thousand years old. there being no reason for God to maintain the Jews' spiritual blindness. Origen. "Yet it pleased the L-rd to bruise him. really does mean. many Christians have asserted that the ancient rabbis all took Isaiah 53 to be Messianic and that this opinion was not changed until Rashi popularized it several centuries after the time of Jesus. Neither did Jesus prolong days. The servant is here being mentioned in the plural. the phrase here. Christians will generally rattle off a list of reasons why the servant of Isaiah 53 cannot be Israel. and the pleasure of the L-rd shall prosper in his hand. "b'motav". always pray in their synagogues for the well-being of the nations in which they live. they would still be in a bind. can only refer to an extension of one's mortal life. I could see their hearts possibly being blinded supernaturally before the Crucifixion. by our knowledge of G-d's Word we really do justify many. will then send Elijah the Prophet to identify the Messiah. for all of the above reasons why the servant cannot be the Messiah would still stand. The word here. (The word for "in his death". then we must resign ourselves to the fact that nobody has the correct interpretation of Isaiah 53. when his soul shall make an offering for sin].

the weekly readings from the books of the prophets. Any decision made in Jerusalem would have taken time to trickle through to all the synagogues. while Isaiah 52 and Isaiah 54 are. they would have also removed chapters 52 and 54. Luke 4:16-20 recounts how Jesus was called up to the front of a synagogue in Nazareth. and some employing a 360-day "prophectic year". using slightly different starting points for the countdown and slightly different dates for the Crucifixion. which seek to show that Jesus of Nazareth died at exactly the right time to fulfill the prophecy. It should be noted that the New Testament confirms that the Haftarah already existed in Jesus's lifetime. If we assume that Isaiah 53 was at this time part of the Haftarah but was removed when Christians began using it. And if. That the exclusion of Isaiah 53 was not done out of anti-Christian polemic should be obvious from the fact that Daniel 9 is included in the Haftarah despite its use by Christians. then how was it removed from every Jewish synagogue in the world. specifically mentions the Messiah and says that the Messiah had to be executed before the destruction of the Second Temple in 70 CE. The portions that are read were chosen because they bear some relation to the Torah portions that are read the same weeks as the respective prophetic portions. he found the place where it was written. and sat down". it is claimed that the prophecy contains a countdown to the exact year that the Messiah had to be executed. Isaiah 53 bears no relation to any particular portion of the Torah. Daniel 9. overnight. when the Sages certainly had no reason to fear Isaiah 53. Now. The Spirit of the L-rd is upon me. the prophetic portion that is read in a given week complements the Torah portion that is read the same week. he went into the synagogue on the sabbath day. And when he had opened the book. as his custom was. (I discuss Moshiach ben Yosef in somewhat more detail in my explanation of Zechariah 12:10. where he had been brought up: and. whereupon he read Isaiah 61: "And he came to Nazareth. and gave it again to the minister.Moshiach ben Yosef could easily mistake this commentary for a Messianic interpretation of Isaiah 53. In this way. More than that. as the Christians claim. In fact. to preach the acceptable year of the L-rd.) The only reasonable conclusion is that the Haftarah predates Christianity and that Isaiah 53 was never part of it. the sheer multiplicity of these explanations argues against any of them being right. it is contended.) Another common error made by Christians is the claim that Isaiah 53 was removed from the haftarah. he hath sent me to heal the brokenhearted. if the Sages had been smart. and recovering of sight to the blind. (In fact. because the Sages feared that those in the congregation who heard Isaiah 53 being read would accept Jesus as the Messiah. to preach deliverance to the captives. less than three percent of the Prophets is read in the weekly synagogue services. then at least some of the rabbis outside the Land of Israel should have been swayed themselves. And he closed the book. Isaiah 53 points strongly enough to Jesus that the Sages were afraid that Jews would be swayed to Christianity just by hearing it. because he hath anointed me to preach the gospel to the poor. so that later rabbis could answer students who inquired as to why the Haftarah jumped from Isaiah 52 to Isaiah 54. as it is written: "And beginning at Moses . without any dissent or debate? Recall that in Jesus's day there were synagogues throughout the Roman Empire. these rabbis would have continued including Isaiah 53 in their Haftarot to this day. Luke's gospel has Jesus explaining the prophecies to the disciples after his resurrection. as Moshiach ben Yosef is most definitely not the Messiah. And there was delivered unto him the book of the prophet Esaias. so there was simply no need for it to be included in the Haftarah. there should at bare minimum have been debate about whether or not to remove Isaiah 53 from the Haftarah. But is this a result of anti-Christian polemic on the part of the Sages? Hardly. to set at liberty them that are bruised. but it is clearly not. and stood up for to read. And unless one wishes to accuse all the rabbis throughout the Roman Empire of being so demonic in their anti-Christian hostility that they would conspire together to deliberately blot out a portion of God's word (a suggestion which just reeks of anti-Semitism). Isaiah 53 is not read in the synagogues. This prophecy. This debate would have been recorded in the Talmud. Keeping chapters 52 and 54 just begs Christians to ask why chapter 53 is missing. Indeed. I can think offhand of five different explanations of the countdown.

And he shall confirm the covenant with many for one week: and in the midst of the week he shall cause the sacrifice and the oblation to cease. and for the overspreading of abominations he shall make it desolate. The word rendered "Messiah" in verses 25 and 26 is "moshiach". (Those who hold to the date of 445 BCE believe in something called the "prophetic year". a more careful analysis of the prophecy itself is needed. a Gentile king. King Cyrus. Every Christian today would thus have the correct interpretation of Daniel 9. Thus far they are in agreement with Jewish commentators. and to make an end of sins. he expounded unto them in all the scriptures the things concerning himself" (Luke 24:27). This doctrine.and all the prophets. that from the going forth of the commandment to restore and to build Jerusalem unto the Messiah the Prince shall be seven weeks. It wasn't until around the second century BCE . And after threescore and two weeks shall Messiah be cut off.) . "shavuah". wherever "moshiach" appears. this would have included Daniel 9. Also. All throughout the rest of the scriptures. and threescore and two weeks: the street shall be built again. to finish the transgression. even in troublous times. and David consistently refers to Saul as "moshiach" even after the spirit of G-d departs from Saul. (The prophecy is contained in verses 24-27. We see.) "Seventy weeks are determined upon thy people and upon thy holy city. but not for himself: and the people of the prince that shall come shall destroy the city and the sanctuary. that there is no real reason to suspect that the anointed one is the Messiah or that his being cut off will atone for our sins. for a total of 354 days. this looks rather Christian. and that determined shall be poured upon the desolate. and the end thereof shall be with a flood. I shall state the prophecy as it appears in the King James Bible. this decree took place in the middle of the fifth century BCE (historians differ on the exact year. could also be rendered "unit of seven". but every so often there is a "leap month" of 30 days. and indeed it is as common in Hebrew to speak of a week of years as a week of days. since there are. But then they cite Artaxerxes II's letters to Nehemiah (Neh. the aforementioned scenario cannot have occurred. and to make reconciliation for iniquity. which says that a year in symbolic prophecy is really 360 days. How can a Jew possibly reject Jesus in the face of a prophecy like this? Could it be any clearer that the Messiah's death was foretold by the prophets? Let us examine the Hebrew text. and to bring in everlasting righteousness. then. picking one of the dates for Artaxerxes's letters to Nehemiah and adding 483 years puts you around the time of Jesus's death. and unto the end of the war desolations are determined. which really means "and he shall have nothing" (the King James lists this as an alternative translation).a couple of centuries after the time of Daniel . the phrase rendered "but not for himself" is "v'ein lo". The priests are called "moshiach". even until the consummation. and the correct interpretation of Daniel 9 would have been handed down by oral tradition through the Apostles and their successors. so that on average the year contains 365-1/4 days. and to seal up the vision and prophecy. which means it has 6 months of 29 days each and 6 months of 30 days each. The Hebrew calendar is lunisolar. What about the time that this anointed one was to be cut off? Christians will tell you that the word rendered "week". isn't mentioned or even hinted at anywhere in Scripture [this includes the New Testament]. all the kings are called "moshiach". However. Seven weeks and threescore and two weeks is 69X7=483 years. and the wall.that "moshiach" began to be used to refer to the Redeemer who is coming at the end of days. as mentioned. a multiplicity of interpretations in use in the Church. which in modern Hebrew does mean "Messiah" but which in ancient Hebrew meant simply "anointed". 2:1-6) authorizing the rebuilding of Jerusalem as the point at which the countdown was to begin. presumably. it is rendered "anointed"." At first glance. and dates range from 445 BCE to 465 BCE). and to anoint the most Holy. First. is called "moshiach" in Isaiah 45:1. Know therefore and understand. Nor can it be held that the Hebrew year is 360 days long. By secular chronology.

the street shall be built againe. shall be seuen weekes. the Sages have held since Daniel's day that the "word" referred to is not the word of any king. and threescore and two weekes. In the beginning of the prophecy.. It wasn't until 1885 that the revisers of the King James saw fit to change the text so that it appears as if there is only one anointed one. vnto the Messiah the Prince. I submit that the Jews were there and know exactly when these events took place. that from the going foorth of the commandment to restore and to build Ierusalem. In the 1611 edition of the King James Bible. that Cyrus is the first anointed one. "Know therefore and vnderstand. to refer to him as "an anointed one". where Gabriel says. "from the going forth of the word". Given that the Jews kept detailed genealogical records (I personally know a man. and the first one is clearly not Jesus (because he came way too early). but he broke this agreement in 66 CE. to restore and to build Jerusalem unto an anointed prince shall be seven weeks". 29:10)." The absence of the definite article proves that the two anointed ones are different people. at 538 BCE. causing the sacrifice and the oblation to cease. In 70 CE. the prince who was to come was to make a firm covenant with the many for one week. it is difficult to see where we could have simply misplaced 166 years of our history. when the Jewish Wars began. Why was this change made? Because if there are two anointed ones. it is only the first anointed one who is called a prince). and nothing special is said about the second anointed one (in fact. rather than simply. the emperor at this time. It is noteworthy that in both occurrences of the word "Messiah" in the King James. This makes sense: "from the going forth of the word. and at the end of the week a complete destruction was to be poured out upon the desolate. in 63 CE. Which word? The word foretelling the restoration and rebuilding of Jerusalem unto an anointed prince. This sequence of events mirrors Daniel's seventieth week exactly. It is clear. It would make far more sense to say something like. Thus. around this time period. and after the sixty-two weeks *the* anointed one shall be cut off and have nothing. therefore I hold to the ecclesiastical history. but it makes no sense. *the* anointed one. *an* anointed one. and the wall. and the Jewish nation was dispersed.outreachjudaism. follow suit in so translating the passage that the first anointed one is clearly coming at the end of seven weeks and that the second anointed one is clearly coming 62 weeks later. as opposed to "hamoshiach". Secular chronology. None of this happened within the first seven years after Jesus's death. euen in troublous times. the ecclesiastical history dates Jeremiah's prophecy and the exile of Jerusalem at 420 BCE and the rise of Cyrus at 372 BCE. made an agreement with the Jews not to prevent them from offering sacrifices in the Temple. After the anointed one was cut off. no matter what date you settle upon for his death. the word is "moshiach". the beginning of the prophecy reads.There are two problems with the above exegesis. "sixtynine weeks". then there is no real reason to suspect that the second anointed one is Jesus either. but break the covenant in the midst of the week. therefore. whereas the secular historians must extrapolate from the archaeological evidence at hand.org). that the Babylonian exile would end after 70 years. whose decree ended the exile (2 Chronicles 36:22-23). there is a 166-year inconsistency between secular history and Jewish ecclesiastical history. "cut off". Nero. "seven weeks and sixty-two weeks". This fact helps to explain why Daniel wrote. Rabbi Tovia Singer (www. The compression of the seven weeks with the 62 weeks is a rather recent development among Christian translators. whose family has been keeping genealogical records since the time of Aaron). Taking 586 to be the first year and counting forward yields 538 as year 49. after having already introduced the Messiah." Other respected translations. the end of the seventh week. 'An anointed one is coming etc. dates the issuance of Jeremiah's prophecy and the exile of Jerusalem at 586 BCE and the rise of Cyrus the Mede. along with all of Jerusalem. . the Temple was destroyed. as used in the Abington Bible Commentary. However. given immediately after the inhabitants of Jerusalem were exiled. It should be mentioned here that. but Jeremiah's prophecy (Jer. Christians must claim that the two anointed ones are both the Messiah. the High Priest was removed from office. The first and most obvious is that of the seventieth week. with the secular dates earlier. such as the New Revised Standard Version and the Anchor Bible.

When the Chaldeans took Jerusalem. and riding upon an ass. The passage from Hosea refers so obviously to the Exodus from Egypt that very few Christians quote it today. Luke 19). lowly. and this is one of the few places where the Jews would agree with them. fulfilling the prophecy right down to the day." The reader may be surprised to learn that some Christians take this verse to be Christological. and ye shall see this place no more". and called my son out of Egypt. to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the L-rd hath said unto you. and it is far more consistent than the Christian explanation. (Precedent for calling Israel God's son is found in Exodus 4:22. the angel of the L-rd appeareth to Joseph in a dream." The prophets. "Rejoice greatly. This verse reads. so shall my fury be poured forth upon you. Jesus rode into Jerusalem on a donkey on the . What happened during Jesus's childhood that made G-d change His mind about Egypt? A further point regarding Matthew's narrative bears mentioning. my firstborn. when Jesus foretells the destruction of Jerusalem. thy King cometh unto thee: he is just. Out of Egypt have I called my son". and departed into Egypt: and was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the L-rd by the prophet. and flee into Egypt." Christians have generally understood this prophecy to be a reference to the Messiah. for instance. E.") Yet Matthew quotes this verse: "And when they [the Magi] were departed. the year Jerusalem was destroyed. O daughter of Jerusalem: behold. and a curse. is 70 CE. Look at what he does with Joseph's decision to take Jesus from Egypt to Nazareth: "And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets. G-d was adamant that we were never to return to Egypt: "But he [the king whom we would set over ourselves] shall not multiply horses to himself. Ye shall henceforth return no more that way" (Deuteronomy 17:16).) At this point. This is the Jewish explanation of Daniel 9. This prophecy reads. when ye shall enter into Egypt: and ye shall be an execration. then I loved him. goes into great detail about passages from the Hebrew Scriptures which are purported to be Christological. and upon the colt the foal of an ass. he took the young child and his mother by night. Israel is my son. despite the fact that Hosea is clearly doing nothing more than recounting the Exodus from Egypt. spoken of by Daniel the prophet". Matthew really ought to have known better than to have an angel tell Joseph to take the Messiah and his mother out of the Promised Land and into Egypt for fear of King Herod. where Moses is instructed to tell Pharaoh. Hosea 11:1. saying. the G-d of Israel. W. Thus it appears that Jesus agreed with the Jewish interpretation of Daniel 9. a reference to Daniel 9. whose book. Hengstenberg.Continuing to count forward from 420 BCE and remembering that there was no year 0. Since. then he/she will recall that the First and Second Temples were both destroyed on the 9th day of the Hebrew month Av. never even mentioned the city of Nazareth or Nazarenes. "Thus saith the L-rd. is so embarrassed by Matthew's obvious misunderstanding of the Scriptures that he doesn't even mention Hosea 11:1. and an astonishment. according to the New Testament (Matthew 21. "The Christology of the Old Testament". (If the reader is Jewish or has been exposed to Judaism. One does not have to read very far into the Bible to see that G-d does not look kindly on those who seek to return to Egypt for fear of the inhabitants of the Promised Land (see. Amazingly. and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy him. Matthew was either poorly educated or deliberately lying. He shall be called a Nazarene. and a reproach. he makes reference to "the abomination of desolation. however. O daughter of Zion. however. When he arose. and take the young child and his mother. we see that the 490th year. behold. as mine anger and my fury hath been poured forth upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem. Numbers 14). Jeremiah warned the remnant of Judah against returning to Egypt: "For thus saith the L-rd of hosts. Arise. "When Israel was a child. some Christians (even some pastors and Messianic rabbis) still quote it. the Christian should recall that in Matthew 24. and having salvation. nor cause the people to return to Egypt. the end of the seventieth week. Zechariah 9:9. saying. shout.

Christians point to this verse as a foreshadowing of Jesus. "And I will cut off the chariot from Ephraim. And if any man say ought unto you. and straightway ye shall find an ass tied. And the disciples went. they seem to have constructed the events around their interpretation of the prophecies. saying unto them. Tell ye the daughter of Sion. In the King James Bible. Behold. Therefore.) Since a stunt such as the one Matthew describes would be a memorable event. when he was come nigh to Bethphage and Bethany. meek. And a very great multitude spread their garments in the way. and were come unto Bethphage. ye shall say. straddling both donkeys. And it came to pass. so he had Jesus do a circus act. Matthew couldn't have been more clear that there were two animals. "And I will pour upon the house of David. and they set Jesus thereon. reveal the manner in which the New Testament authors constructed their stories. this verse actually rules Jesus out as a Messianic candidate. and bring him hither. Because the Lord hath need of him. read side by side. And when they drew nigh unto Jerusalem. others cut down branches from the trees. and John are lying (or possibly all four are lying). and the horse from Jerusalem. and a colt the foal of an ass. and shall be in bitterness for him. The Lord hath need of them. Another passage used often by Christians seeking to prove the Trinity is Zechariah 12:10. they spread their clothes in the way. the Christian exclaims. Go into the village over against you. saying. and did as Jesus commanded them. and straightway he will send them. and they shall mourn for him. very shortly after the Messiah rides into Jerusalem on a donkey's colt. a colt and its mother. as one mourneth for his only son. and put on them their clothes. All this was done. world peace will ensue. And if any man ask you. "G-d is being pierced! Doesn't that sound like the Crucifixion of our L-rd and Savior. Luke. Matthew mistakenly interpreted Zechariah 9:9 as referring to two donkeys. One of the interesting features of the Christological interpretation of this verse is that Christians will always quote this verse but will never quote the verse right after it. And as he went. Rather than seeing the events and then remembering the prophecies. not just the Messiah. This. then sent Jesus two disciples. and from the river even to the ends of the earth. anyone could ride into Jerusalem on a donkey. yet whereon never man sat: loose him. Another interesting feature of how Christians use this verse is the manner in which the New Testament uses it. Why do ye loose him? thus shall ye say unto him. And they brought him to Jesus: and they cast their garments upon the colt. and sitting upon an ass. These two passages. did not happen immediately after of the first Palm Sunday. In other words. it can only be that either Matthew is lying or Mark. and strawed them in the way. it reads. but let us move on. thy King cometh unto thee. at the mount called the mount of Olives. and brought the ass. Luke correctly interpreted the prophecy as referring only to the colt. and upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem. that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophet." The fact that this verse begins with the word "and" can only mean that whatever event it is describing must follow directly on the heels of the event described in the preceding verse. and a colt with her: loose them. and they set him thereon. Of course. and the battle bow shall be cut off: and he shall speak peace unto the heathen [nations]: and his dominion shall be from sea even to sea. See if you can tell how many donkeys Jesus rode: • Matthew 21. Jesus Christ?" . the spirit of grace and of supplications: and they shall look upon me whom they have pierced. saying. (Mark 11 and John 12 also place Jesus on only one donkey. Go ye into the village over against you." "Aha!". and Luke couldn't have been more clear that there was only one. and the colt.first Palm Sunday. so he had Jesus riding only the colt. unto the mount of Olives. in the which at your entering ye shall find a colt tied. as one is in bitterness for his firstborn. he sent two of his disciples. and bring them unto me. Zechariah 9:10 reads. Below are the relevant passages from Matthew 21 and Luke 19. • Luke 19. Zechariah 12:10. of course.

com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries."and they shall look to me because of the one who was pierced". (Error on both of these points has led to unspeakable persecution of the Jews by the Church. "v'hibitu eilei eit asher dakaru" .com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah. http://jdstone. This ties in with the Talmudic prophecy that. this part of the verse reads. distortions and falsehood of..and they shall mourn for him. as one mourneth for his only son. and shall be in bitterness for him.outreachjudaism."). the Jewish people will be spurred to repentance and such great observance of Torah that their combined righteousness will force the coming of the Messiah. as one is in bitterness for his firstborn"? One mourns for his only son and is in bitterness for his firstborn by grieving over the fact that his firstborn son is no longer in the world.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet. This person will be martyred for his faith..jewsforjudaism. It should also be apparent from the text that it is being mistranslated.htm Jewish Response to Christian Missionaries MP3s . Additionally. right before the coming of the Messiah. but not the kind of grief one feels at the death of a loved one.Well.org Response to Missionaries www. http://www.com/counter. this would seem a rather cavalier way to introduce G-d's death.) And what of the passage. not really. upon seeing him dead. ".. Even without looking at the original Hebrew. messiah.MessiahTruth. Israel's sufferings as described in Isaiah 53 will be epitomized in a man called Moshiach ben Yosef. as even the Christians aren't claiming that G-d's death is foretold elsewhere.. and I wondered what it could mean. but by Roman soldiers. the context of the prophecy is a description of events in the last days.html Reveals the error. In Hebrew. Jesus was pierced not by the Jews.angelfire. http://www. the anointed one of the tribe of Joseph.htm Archive of Articles.kosherjudaism. For starters. and they shall mourn for *him*"? This odd phrasing always bothered me when I was a Messianic Jew. and the Jews depicted here are witnessing the second coming of Jesus ("they shall *look* upon me etc.TorahAtlanta. in the last days.org/cr/index. If the Christians are right. http://www.. Christianity.simpletoremember. Jesus. "They shall look upon *me* whom they have pierced. then why would the Jews be mourning in this fashion? I might expect to see remorse over their rejection of the Messiah. How could the latter-day inhabitants of Jerusalem possibly be guilty for an event that happened nearly two thousand years ago? Furthermore. it should be apparent that this text in no way refers to Jesus..htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www. trinity.

but it is not. Brown 's thesis? Brown cites Psalms 51:5 which reads. p. Brown is correct that (a) humanity has an internal tendency toward sin and that (b) this tendency is inherited from the sin of Adam and Eve. The reference to "youth" is because children are predominantly selfish until they mature. we are hopelessly prone to sin. "Be happy in G-d. only they were not found in public places. all upright of heart" (Psalms 32:11). Michael Brown (a leading messianic Jew). which says. "Who will say. He is also right that it is easier to follow the evil inclination than the good inclination. since the inclination of the heart of man is evil from his youth" (Genesis 8:21). and must be "saved" from inherent damnation. Brown cites this as a proof text." Ignored by Brown is Psalms 79:2. at which point Man is considered responsible and possessing free will." Clearly there were righteous people in Jerusalem at that time. and I will forgive her [the city]. and thoroughly entangled with sin (Answering Jewish Objections To Jesus. Volume Two. He is pleading for mercy on account of the impulse to sin that is passed on to each child at birth. innocence and righteousness are not fictional. Proverbs 20:9. "I will not continue to curse again the ground on account of man. we are told. if there is one who practices justice and seeks truth. reflects Original Sin. which reads. Cry out in joy. Job 11:12 says." How do the two verses interrelate? An honest person can find a misdeed in his past. He is not exonerating himself. cannot reach holiness by his actions.198). I have purified myself from sin'. the flesh of your devout ones to the beasts of the earth. G-d declares. King Solomon says." This contradicts the Jewish belief that man is born innocent and can live a G-dly life by fulfilling His commandments (mitzvot). However." No man is subsequently "found. The same King David said. Dr. if you find a man. in iniquity I was fashioned." Brown ignores 20:7. "man is born a wild mule" but adults can do better. "He who walks in innocence is righteous. Writes Dr. and rejoice O righteous.' I have cleansed my heart. At issue is whether Jewish Scripture teaches the concept of Original Sin maintained by Christianity. which describes the siege of Jerusalem: "They have given corpses of Your servants as food for the birds of the sky. and seek in its squares." Clearly King David believes righteousness is within reach. "Behold. . "Walk about in the streets of Jerusalem. What are the supposed Biblical sources for Dr. Brown cites Jeremiah 5:1.Questioning Original Sin? by Shmuel Silberman A fundamental doctrine of Christianity is Original Sin. see now and know. This is the belief that all people inherit a condition of depravity from the sin of Adam and Eve. fortunate are his sons after him." Psalms 51 is King David's expression of remorse for his indiscretion with Bathsheva. After the Flood in Noah's time. Man is a slave to sin. Dr. He does not say that his sin was inevitable or that he is consigned to sin generally. and in sin my mother conceived me. Brown's task is to demonstrate that Original Sin is a Jewish idea from the start. "We believe that by nature. Maturity coincides with the development of the good inclination.

Cain is envious of Abel because G-d accepts only Abel's sacrifice. or a leopard his spots? Can you who are accustomed to evil do good?" This is clearly an exaggeration. Supposedly. The genealogy of Adam's offspring confirms Original Sin. in Dr. what is meant by "the grip of sin in general"? If he means that no one is 51% righteous.Another verse from Jeremiah (13:23) is cited as evidence of Original Sin: "Can an Ethiopian change his skin.. meaning that change requires serious effort." Perhaps Dr. Must one be 70% righteous (or 80%. "There is no RIGHTEOUS person who never sins. Its desire is for you. or at least overwhelmed. as evidence against Original Sin. It says. why can't he free himself from any sin? Also. 205). Brown quotes from King Solomon. Surely he would maintain that the Chafetz Chaim also inherited Original Sin. or 90%) to transcend "the grip. then. and is hardly the basis for any doctrine. The implication of these two verses is ambiguous. where G-d tells Cain that he can overcome temptation. a missionary reading of this verse is unjustified. It is another to be free from the grip of sin in general (p. Brown should read the verse again. It makes more sense to explain 5:1-2 to mean the opposite: Seth partakes of the same Divine image of his father. all is lost.. the Divine image was negated. The example of the Chafetz Chaim actually works against Dr. Missionaries will never accept one Chafetz Chaim." G-d's majestic statement of man's ability to overcome evil is brushed aside by Dr. Omitted by Dr. They would insist that as great as the Chafetz Chaim was. but they are exceptions that prove the rule: "Of course it is possible to point to outstanding moral individuals." . Cain is tempted to murder Abel. and his answer is terrible: "But it is one thing to overcome a particular sin." Since no one fulfills Torah with total perfection. this is manifestly not true. Brown is Genesis 6:5. Brown's view. [but] Why do men like this stand out in their generation? (p. does even one individual become saintly? The question becomes stronger considering that the Chafetz Chaim never accepted Jesus. all are damned and require "salvation. How. Anyone who believes there are no exaggerations in Scripture he will have great difficulty understanding it. What is the Scriptural proof that only perfection earns Gd's favor? There is none whatsoever. 193). Dr. but you can rule over it. Brown admits there are saints. such as the Chafetz Chaim. Brown admits that people can do much good. he must have had one slight flaw. It can be asserted only by a faulty reading of Deuteronomy 27:26." The person who does a sin is still righteous! One of the verses most devastating to Original Sin is Genesis 4:7. "if you do not do good. by Original Sin. Brown. This fits into the words and is consistent with the entire Biblical view of the dignity of mankind. In light of Jeremiah's statements in every chapter that the people are to correct their behavior. the only one believed to be capable of redeeming a person from sinfulness. While Adam is created by G-d in His image. or even billions like him. Adam (after his sin) begets Seth in Adam's image (Genesis 5:1-2). but would he justify a teacher who failed a student with a 99 average? This belief that absolute perfection is required is the real backbone of Original Sin. sin crouches at the entrance. "Cursed is one who does not uphold (yakeem) the words of this Torah to do them. It says. which says (after the Flood!) that the image of G-d is the reason for the prohibition of murder. G-d says." If Cain can free himself from this sin. as Dr." The missionary assumption is that unless one attains absolute perfection (which he cannot). " There is no righteous man on earth who does what is right and never sins (Ecclesiastes 7:20). Brown believes that a 99% righteous person is under "the grip of sin". Brown.

org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.." Dr. This reading is faithful to the grammar and is totally consistent with Torah's frequent injunctions to choose good and make amends for wrong behavior. and acquire it for us.com PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.. Christianity. and we will do it?' For the matter is very near to you. not because ancient Jews did not read carefully but because Original Sin is not in the Hebrew Bible at all. and we will do it?' Nor is it across the sea. Let us cite only one of them: "It is not in heaven. but the commission of a specific sin is not the subject here.org Response to Missionaries www. There is also no support that one must be a perfect individual to earn G-d's favor.htm Archive of Articles.http://www. http://www. to do it (Deuteronomy 30:11).com/counter. to say 'Who will go up for us to heaven. This verse is not saying that unless one fulfills Torah flawlessly. At no point does Dr. Brown provides not a single verse to support Original Sin. trinity.kosherjudaism. and teach it to us. The missionary viewpoint paints G-d as an anti-Semite who curses Israel with commandments they cannot obey (Samuel Levine). and descriptions of righteous people who earned G-d's favor. he is cursed.This missionary interpretation cannot make sense of the eleven curses (applied to eleven specific sins) that appear before this verse. If 27:26 sets a curse for any single violation of Torah. the opportunity to do good and amend wrongs. http://jdstone. and acquire it for us and teach it to us. distortions and falsehood of. "uphold". yakeem is a different construct meaning "cause to stand up".org/cr/index. http://www.anti-missionary. Original Sin was unknown before Christianity.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.TorahAtlanta.angelfire. in your mouth and in your heart. messiah.html Reveals the error. the eleven prior curses are totally superfluous (Samuel Levine).MessiahTruth.outreachjudaism. While y'kayaim means to fulfill. One who does not ACCEPT the mitzvot fails to "uphold" the Torah.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. Missionaries also make a subtle but devastating grammatical error. Source: SimplyJewish.jewsforjudaism..com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.. Brown attempt to integrate the verses he cites with the many hundreds of verses that stress free will. "confirm". .com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.org -. Jesus. to say 'Who will cross the sea.

How. these missionaries have used torture and other coercions to gain their goal. Lately. Judaism respects the right of Christians to worship as they please. For instance. 'Why callest thou me good? There is none good but one. "Yeshua"). G-d. Missionaries say that JC is both the son of G-d and the long-awaited Messiah. Missionaries have aggressively confronted Jews with misleading arguments and incorrect Biblical quotes.Questions & Answers Jesus as the Messiah? by Rabbi Eliezer Gevirtz Question: Why do Jews not accept Jesus as a god or a messiah? —Jonas Answer: Almost since the inception of Christianity. for the following reasons: a) No Man Can Be a G-d. Jews should therefore be ready to defend their religious beliefs. It. neither shall they learn war any more" (Isaiah 2:4). implying that it is a false religion. then." (Matthew 19:17). too. The Moshiach will bring about universal respect for G-d. indivisible G-d? There is no concept of infinity possible if G-d is a man or a Trinity. At times. JC himself accepted G-d's uniqueness: "And he (JC) said unto him. and lead all people to follow His . some Christians have made it their life's work to convert others. Jews must know that missionary arguments can readily be answered. Jews reject both claims. There are too few Jews in the world today for us to afford defections to Christianity. including Jews. If JC had indeed been the Messiah. Thus. Christian missionaries have employed different techniques-using friendly arguments and slick propaganda-for the same purpose. however. that is. indivisible G-d: "The L-rd He is G-d. for they are misleading and based on false premises. More recently. Jews cannot sit idly by watching missionaries misleading their fellow religionists. the Moshiach (Messiah) will bring about universal peace and tranquility: "And they shall beat their swords into plowshares. condemns those who try to impose Christianity on Jews through deceit or any other way. there is none else besides him" (Deuteronomy 4:35). they have even resorted to using Jewish names and Hebrew songs to mislead Jews into thinking that they. there is none else" (Deuteronomy 4:39). such as during the Spanish Inquisition. and to counteract missionary propaganda. nation shall not lift up sword against nation. The missionaries show a dangerous degree of intolerance towards Judaism." G-d is unique unto Himself. and their spears into pruning hooks. we have the rise of the "Jewish Christians" who claim that the only "fulfilled" Jew is the one who believes in JC (called by them. b) JC did not accomplish the tasks of the Messiah. are Jewish. The Torah makes it clear that there is only one omnipotent. he would have fulfilled the Messianic prophecies mentioned in Tanach. The Torah states clearly: "G-d is not a man" (Numbers 23:19). and does not consist of a trinity: "The L-rd He is G-d in heaven above and upon the earth below. could a mortal man-one who was born and who died on a cross-be a segment of an immortal.

and JC was instead killed. never knew JC personally. If JC were indeed the . who established the Christian religion. I came not to send peace. but a sword" (Matthew 10:34).ways: "The knowledge of G-d will fill the earth. and the world is certainly less religiously-inc lined today than it was during JC's day. But there is no reference to such a delayed second coming of the same Messiah anywhere in the Torah.000 years have seen one war after another. JC did not even always espouse peace: "Think not that I am come to send peace on earth. Then the lame man will leap as a hart. and to inspire others to do likewise. He will cause an ingathering of the Jewish exiles: "Then the residue of his brethren shall return with the children of Israel" (Micha 5:2) and will bring about the rebuilding of the Beis Hamikdosh:. The world will be filled with the knowledge of G-d as the water covers the sea" (Isaiah 11:9). Paul of Tarsus. and the Jews are still in exile. Can one who denies G-d's sacred law be His Messiah? d) Lack of Jewish support. at times JC considered himself to be above the law: "For the Son of Man is master even of the Sabbath" (Matthew 12:8). Furthermore. JC lived at the time of Roman suppression of the Jews. (Incidentally. and the tongue of the dumb will sing" (Isaiah 35:5-6). why is the world in such a sad state? Christian theology has come up with the explanation that JC will reappear during a Second Coming. corruption. c) JC did not keep Jewish law. he will accomplish these tasks within his own lifetime: "He shall not fail or be crushed until he has set the right in the earth" (Isaiah 42:4). He will also bring physical cure to all who are sick: "Then the eye of the blind will be opened. The Moshiach is expected to keep all the laws of the Torah. "In that day will I raise up the Tabernacles of David that is fallen" (Amos 9:11). and the ears of the deaf will be unstopped. They were certainly well-versed in the requirements to be filled by the true Moshiach. which shall not taste of death until they have seen the kingdom of G-d come with power" (Mark 9:1). it is hard to see how JC could rebuild the Beis Hamikdosh or return the Jews to Israel when the Beis Hamikdosh was still in existence and the Jews were still in Israel during his lifetime. They knew and saw JC in the flesh. and crime are definitely in evidence to this very day. If the Messiah has already come. and found him wanting. till all these things be done" (Mark 13:30). However. The Beis Hamikdosh has not been rebuilt. The clear-cut fact is that JC did not fulfill any of these tasks. when he will finally fulfill the Messianic prophecies. Yet the Jews of that time—and especially the learned Sages—rejected JC' claims to be the Messiah. who are accorded great respect by the Torah. JC himself promised his followers that he would succeed in his own era: "Verily I say to you that there be some of them who stand here. (See Deuteronomy 13). The Jewish people eagerly looked forward to the arrival of the Moshiach. and the past 2. "Verily I say to you that this generation shall not pass. and would definitely have accepted the Moshiach if it was clear that he had appeared. But the things were not done. He broke the laws of the Sabbath part of the Ten Commandments-and reviled the Rabbis.) Suffering and pain still abound. on the other hand. Immorality.

Missionaries will say that this means JC. not "virgin".outreachjudaism. But the verse really refers to the fact that the Moshiach will come from the lineage of King David. whose members are G-d's dedicated servants.messiahtruth. the verse refers to the birth of King Chezkiah. One such "proof" comes from Isaiah 7:14.org /// www. and has nothing at all to do with the Moshiach. almost unanimously reject him? Missionaries often say that they have Biblical proof of JC' divinity or Messianic role. why did his fellow Jews. But the term "servant". However. and she will bear a son. who died childless at the age of 33. who they say was born in Bethlehem. refers to the Jewish nation. with accurate and concise Jewish responses to each. Another supposed "proof" is the verse in Micha 5:1: "But you. and they say that JC had no earthly father. Reprinted from L'hovin U'lhaskil . which means "young woman".A Guide to Torah Hashkofoh by Rabbi Eliezer Gevirtz (Feldheim 1988) Source: http://moshiach.php For more info visit these useful websites: www. unlike JC." The unsuspecting individual might think that this is a prophecy of the New Testament's account of JC' birth. these arguments often rely on misquotes and faulty reasoning. Finally.com/questions/topten/jesus_as_the_messiah. who was born in Bethlehem. (The Hebrew word for virgin is “besulah”. which refers to a "Suffering Servant". and his name will be called Immanuel. There are other such arguments. for the lineage follows the father. from ancient days. which are little to be among the thousands of Judah. one who studies the verse in its original Hebrew will note that the term used is “almah”. which they translate as follows: "Behold the virgin is with child. as mentioned in Leviticus 21:3). who had every reason to want a Messiah. whose going forth are from old.torahatlanta. They have certainly suffered throughout the yearsyet they have survived for a long time. when used elsewhere in Isaiah. and that the Jewish rejection of the Messiahship of JC has a sound Biblical basis. In any case.Messiah. All Jews must be aware that missionary claims should not be taken at face value.com /// www.org /// www. who suffered on the cross. However. Bethlehem Ephrasah. there is the so-called "proof" from Isaiah 53." Missionaries claim that this refers to JC.jewsforjudaism. And Christians cannot claim that JC came from King David. and the verse refers to the servant's prolonged days and "seed" (children).com . out of you shall come forth ' onto Me that is to be ruler in Israel.

jewsforjudaism.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.com/counter. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www.TorahAtlanta.org Response to Missionaries www.outreachjudaism.php Jews for Judaism .simplyjewish. messiah.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.att. http://jdstone.htm Archive of Articles.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www. .Keeping Jews Jewish http://home.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.beingjewish.angelfire.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.MessiahTruth. trinity.org/phpBB2/index.html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www.jewsforjudaism.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide.html Reveals the error. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www.drazin.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike.simpletoremember.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.org/cr/index.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no.kosherjudaism. www. Jesus & Christianity http://www.

Who is like you. as Messianic Jews would have you believe. His Laws and the Jewish people. we need to ask our. or is it a completely different religion? If it is an extension. then we must deal with it in turns of a Jew leaving Judaism for another religion. the book of Jewish mysticism. Yisroel Voraysa V`Kudsho Brichu Chod Hu Israel and the Torah and Hashem are one This passage tells us so much in such a concise form. Background A beautiful way to gain insight into the Jewish perspective is to start with an often quoted passage from the Zohar. doing wonders? Exodus 15:11 . If it is different. glorious in holiness. 0 Lord . then one could argue that by believing in it you are still being faithful to the Torah. with nothing to compare to it. Jews have the Torah as our guide. What does it mean when it says that each of these things are all one? (This certainly does not suggest the Trinity!) • It can mean that each one is unique. The simplest way to assess Christianity from this perspective is to ask one simple question: "Does it match Judaism?" In our search for the Truth.THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN JUDAISM & CHRISTIANITY Do They Match? Is Christianity merely an extension of Judaism. When we examine a new idea. among the gods? Who is like you. how does it stand up to what the Torah says? The goal of this final section is to examine a few basic beliefs. with the question in mind: Do Christian beliefs match what the Torah says? We will begin by first examining the differing views of the nature of Hashem.selves. fearful in praises.

G-d tells us to understand Him as He “was known” in the Torah. If those ordinances depart from before Me.For what nation is there so great. if anyone were to try to replace themselves as Hashem's chosen people. who has statutes and judgments so righteous as all this Torah. To provide clarity. that is all we have to know to reject such an idea. If you shorten one leg. reviving the soul. then the seed of Israel also shall cease from being a nation before me for ever. Jeremiah 31:35 Just as we are Hashem's witnesses where our mere existence testifies to His existence. • Lastly. It was a revolutionary idea 3. our existence testifies that His Law is still viable.) However. the Trinitarian view is found nowhere in the Torah. so too. For 2. . We can learn about the Torah by understanding Hashem who gave it. who has God so near to them. as the Lord our God is in all things that we call upon him for? And what nation is there so great. that they are "as one" in their essence. For instance. the most critical message that the Jews have brought to the world has been the Oneness of G-d. We can learn about Hashem by understanding His Torah and the Jewish people. you would have to shorten the other two in order for it to stand. instead of the Jews. you can learn about each one by studying the other two. that if you try to change one. the Father. Christians have tried to convince the Jews that the Trinitarian view of G-d is the same as ours. By being so interrelated. G-d: The Unitarian vs. (The Trinity is the concept that the One G-d exists in three persons of equal status. Trinitarian Views Since the time of Abraham.000 years. and even today most of the world still does not clearly grasp it. Since our ancestors in the Torah “had not known” a triune G-d. and did not become official Church doctrine until the 4th Century CE.800 years ago. we can learn that the three are so intrinsically bound. they would have to change what G-d would be like and change His Torah. says the Lord. Son and Holy Spirit. Psalm 19:8 • It can also mean that all three are so interrelated. This is like a stool. We also can learn about the Jewish people by understanding our G-d and His Torah. which I set before you this day? Deuteronomy 4:7-8 The Torah of Hashem is perfect. making wise the simple. the testimony of Hashem is sure. you must change the other two. and the people who keep it.

that you may know and understand that I am He: before Me there was no god formed. and asked him. I.. and that even the words of Jesus do not support a Trinity. DEUTERONOMY 4:35 You are My witnesses. and come again unto you. what shall I do that I may inherit eternal life?" And Jesus said unto him. and My servant whom I have chosen. Deuteronomy 13:2-4 They sacrificed to powerless spirits. He is G-d. whom your fathers feared not. all the ends of the earth: for I am G-d. neither shall there be after Me. not to God. that you might know that the L-rd. Let us go after other gods. says the L-rd. I go unto the Father: for the Father is greater than I. and beside Me there is no savior. and be saved.. Deuteronomy 32:17 We will now examine a series of verses on various topics to get an understanding of how they compare. because I said. am the L-rd. "Good Master. Oneness of Hashem Unto you it was shown. I go away. that is G-d. which you have not known. to new gods that came newly up. "Why call you me good? There is none good but one. even I. and there is none else. you would rejoice. And when he was gone forth into the way. and kneeled to him. JOHN 14:28 . if you loved me. MARK 10:17-18 You have heard how I said unto you. ISAIAH 45:21-22 It is held by many scholars that the first Christians were not Trinitarians. a just G-d and a savior. there is none else beside Him. You shall not listen to the words of that prophet. there is none beside me. ISAIAH 43:10-11 And there is no G-d beside me. Look unto me. there came one running. to gods whom they knew not.If there arises among you a prophet saying. and let us serve them.

After reading that the Torah speaks about the many facets of G-d. and his righteousness unto children's children. DEUTERONOMY 4:40 And the L-rd commanded us to do all these statutes. he went to his teacher and said that the ultimate essence of Christianity recognizes the Oneness of G-d and nothing else. if we observe to do all these commandments before the L-rd our G-d. To such as keep his covenant. PSALM 103:17-18 Will The Commandments Be In Force In The Messianic Age? And David my servant shall be king over them. EZEKIEL 37:24 . and that G-d has many names. A student was involved in a comparative religion study. Are The Torah's Commandments Eternal or Temporary? The Jewish View You shall keep therefore his statutes. to fear the L-rd your G-d. for our good always.Since Christian do assert that they believe in the One G-d of Abraham. DEUTERONOMY 6:24-25 But the mercy of the L-rd is from everlasting to everlasting upon them that fear him. which I command you this day. and his commandments. and do them. saying that until you really see that G-d is ultimately a Father. which the L-rd your G-d has given you forever. as it is at this day. and that you may prolong your days upon the earth. And it shall be our righteousness. and was examining Judaism & Christianity. that he might preserve us alive. His teacher advised him that though it appears that way. Then he went on to study Christianity. I would like to offer a parable that explains the differences between their conception of G-d’s Oneness and the Jewish version. as he has commanded us. and observe My statutes. Son & Holy Spirit then you haven’t captured the essence of Christianity. he hasn’t truly grasped the essence of Judaism until he sees G-d as absolutely One. and to those that remember his commandments to do them. he came to the conclusion that Judaism holds that G-d is multi-faceted. and again read the Tanach and noticed the numerous references in the Tanach that mentioned the Oneness of G-d. and they all shall have one shepherd: they shall also walk in My judgments. that it may go well with you. His teacher corrected him. and with your children after you. Again.

but fulfill. which keeps covenant and mercy with them that love Him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations: And repays them that hate Him to their face. ISAIAH 2:1-3 The Covenant Is Kept With Whom? Know therefore that the L-rd your G-d. Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments. and He will teach us of His ways.The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem . and we will walk in His paths. You shall therefore keep the commandments. till heaven and earth pass. . "0 L-rd. or the prophets: I am not come to destroy. and let us go up to the mountain of the L-rd. And it shall come to pass in the last days. and all nations shall flow to it. Think not that I am come to destroy the law. the faithful G-d. till all be fulfilled. and shall teach men so. one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law. which I command you this day. On the one hand he appears to say that the law of Hashem still stands. if you harken to these judgments. and do them. and the judgments. Wherefore it shall come to pass. the great and dreadful G-d. DANIEL 9:4 The Commandments: A New Testament Perspective In studying the New Testament. the same shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. and he was the only one who did that. and keep. for out of Zion shall go forth the law. Jesus gives us mixed messages. and said. you can see he really means something different. however. DEUTERONOMY 7:9-12 And I prayed unto the L-rd my G-d. He is G-d. Jesus came to fulfill the law perfectly. And many people shall go and say. to destroy them. they believe he fulfilled all of mankind's need to fulfill the law. He will not be slack to him that hates Him. and to them that keep his commandments. and made my confession. he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: but whosoever shall do and teach them. and shall be exalted above the hills. When speaking about it. and the statutes. keeping the covenant and mercy to them that love him. the old covenant of the law was replaced with a new covenant with G-d. that the L-rd your G-d shall keep unto you the covenant and the mercy which He swore unto you fathers. By his doing so. where faith is all that is required to receive G-d's grace. to do them. MATTHEW 5:17-19 According to Christianity. to the house of the G-d of Jacob. when you read his words more carefully. He will repay him to his face. "Come. For verily I say unto you. and the word of the L-rd from Jerusalem. we see a different attitude toward the law. that the mountain of the L-rd's house shall be established in the top of the mountains. Furthermore. with his death.

that observe and do. if you look at Jesus' life. "The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe. "The scribes and the Pharisees sit in Moses' seat: All therefore whatsoever they bid you observe. MATTHEW 23:1 This sounds like he supports the sages. He is also shown repeatedly as denigrating the rabbis. But all their works they do for to be seen of men: they make broad their phylacteries. For instance.. Then spoke Jesus to the multitudes. that observe and do. Rabbi.This is absurd. and to be called of men. and do not. and enlarge the borders of their garments. Mark 7 . or to not gossip. and to his disciples. not the praise. and to his disciples. but do not go after their works: for they say. Whether Jesus may (or may not) have fulfilled his obligations. he did not marry and have children. And love the uppermost rooms at feasts. and lay them on men's shoulders. etc He obviously could not have fulfilled these. Mark 2 Matthew 15. and did not honor those who teach and know Torah. but they them. Rabbi. to be honest in business.selves will not move them with one of their fingers. and mocking the law. MATTHEW 23:1-3 The following verses show his transgressions of Jewish law: · · · · · Violating Shabbos Undermining Kosher Laws Undermining Communal Prayer Undermining Fasting Undermining Ritual Handwashing Matthew 12 John 7 Matthew 6 Matthew 6. Furthermore. you will see that he did not fulfill many of the laws. Then spoke Jesus to the multitudes. For the last 2000 years the disdain has been the lasting impression. and the chief seats in the synagogues. However if you read the entire verse. Saying. the initial praise quickly turns to disdain. in no way obviates our need today to give tzedakah (charity). or priests. Saying. For they bind heavy burdens and grievous to be borne.. And greetings in the markets. There are also laws that are only incumbent upon women.

. Whosoever shall put away his wife... For this cause shall a man leave father and mother. and give it in her hand.9 And I say unto you. and shall cleave to his wife: and they two shall be one flesh? 6 Wherefore they are no more two. and married her.For if righteousness come by the law. but one flesh.. because he has found some uncleanness in her: then let him write her a bill of divorcement.Outlawing Divorce Compare: MATTHEW 19:5 And said. NEW TESTAMENT ROMANS 3:28 Therefore we conclude that a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law. commits adultery: and whoso marries her which is put away does commit adultery. except it be for fornication. What therefore God has joined together. GALATIANS 3:13 Christ redeemed us from the curse of the law GALATIANS 3:23-26 . then Christ is dead in vain. GALATIANS 2:21 . . and send her out of his house. ROMANS 10:4 For Christ is the end of the law for righteousness to everyone that believes. He outlawed divorce. and it come to pass that she find no favor in his eyes. What Paul Said About The Law: Compare what Paul said about the law in the New Testament versus what King David said in the Tanach. and shall marry another. let not man put asunder. How does this compare with the words of the Torah? DEUTERONOMY 24:1 When a man has taken a wife.

as well as. Which way is it? Does keeping the law lead us to become righteous. always eventually assimilating among the Gentiles. when I gaze at all your commandments. and your Torah is the truth. I did not depart from them. VS TANACH PSALM 19:8-9 The Torah of the Lord is perfect. enlightening the eyes. Happy are those who keep his testimonies. rejoicing the heart. I was also upright before him. and have kept myself from my iniquity. they walk in his ways. the upright shall behold His face. give me understanding. the commandment of the lord is pure. or is righteousness only achieved by faith in Jesus? The bottom line is that his followers do not feel bound to keep the law. and who seek him with the whole heart. which should afterwards be revealed. shut up unto the faith. They also do no iniquity. For I have kept the ways of the lord. 0 that my ways were directed to keep your statutes! Then I shall not be ashamed. For all his judgments were before me. You have commanded us to keep your precepts diligently. Wherefore the law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto Christ. Trouble and anguish have taken hold of me. The righteousness of your testimonies is everlasting. we are no longer under a schoolmaster. with the Christians. and as for his statutes. 2 SAMUEL 22:21 The lord rewards me (David) according to my righteousness. He loves righteous deeds. reviving the soul. But after that faith is come. yet your commandments are my delights. we were kept under the law. according to the cleanness of my hands he recompenses me. and do not remain with the covenant established with the Jewish people. PSALM 119:1-6 Happy are those whose way is blameless. PSALM 11:7 For the lord is righteous. who walk in the Torah of the lord. None of these groups survived as Jewish movements. that we might be justified by faith. the testimony of the lord is sure. The statutes of the lord are right. For you are all children of G-d by faith in Jesus Christ. . and I shall live. Similar rejections of the authority of the rabbis and the Oral Tradition (Talmud) occurred with the Sadduccess & Karaites. and have not wickedly departed from my G-d. PSALM 119:142-144 Your righteousness is an everlasting righteousness.But before faith came. making wise the simple.

Are The Jews Still Hashem's Chosen People? One thing that both Jewish and Christian Biblical scholars will agree on. DEUTERONOMY 14:2 For you are a holy people to the Lord your God. the prodigal son. above all the nations that are upon the earth. and keep my covenant.. His son by the slave woman was born in the ordinary way... and in honor. and she is our mother. is that in the Tanach the Jews are clearly Hashem's Chosen People. as he has spoken. if you will obey my voice indeed. then you shall be my own treasure among all peoples. because she is in slavery with her children. for the women represent two covenants. One covenant is from Mount Sinai and bears children who are to be slaves: This is Hagar. Now Hagar stands for Mount Sinai in Arabia and corresponds to the present city of Jerusalem . and that you may be a holy people to the Lord your God. GALATIANS 4:22-31 For it is written that Abraham had two sons. Where they differ is what happened after Jesus came. and the Lord has chosen you to be a special people to himself. Paul lays the foundation for the "Replacement Theology". These things may be taken figuratively. . and once represented the true religion in the world. in praise. But the Jerusalem that is above is free. DEUTERONOMY 26:18-19 And the Lord has declared you this day to be his special people... And to set you high above all nations which he has made. they say. whereby the body of believers in Jesus has replaced the Jewish people as G-d's Chosen . as he has promised you. and that you should keep all his commandments. because we have refused to accept Jesus. but his son by the free woman was born as the result of a promise. we have been cast out of G-d's grace. for all the earth is mine. and in name. Christian Replacement Theology In the book of Galatians.. one by the slave woman and the other by the free woman. The Jews are often portrayed in the New Testament as heartless and overly legalistic. For now. The Jewish View EXODUS 19:5 Now therefore. yet who will eventually come to accept Jesus in the End of Times. rejected by G-dl.

brothers.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.outreachjudaism. distortions and falsehood of. http://www." Therefore. like Isaac..com/my/tgoldman0/prophet. we are not children of the slave woman.com/counter. -Is Blood Necessary for Atonement? Source: http://www. http://jdstone.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.org/cr/index.simpletoremember.htm Jewish Response to Christian Missionaries MP3s . a careful study of Christianity shows that it does not match Judaism in the most fundamental areas. Gehinnom.com/ PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.org Response to Missionaries www. for the slave woman's son will never share in the inheritance with the free woman's son. But what does the Scripture say? "Get rid of the slave woman and her son.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries. As one can plainly see.html Reveals the error. trinity. Jesus..org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults. are children of promise... A further study of the differences between the two involve examining the following topics. -Satan. messiah.Now you.TorahAtlanta.angelfire.jewsforjudaism.kosherjudaism.htm Archive of Articles.torahatlanta. -Sin & Atonement. At that time the son born in the ordinary way persecuted the son born by the power of the Spirit.MessiahTruth. http://www. Christianity. http://www. It is the same now. brothers. -Hell vs. but of the free woman.

they have a “first coming” perspective.” I Samuel 26:11.. All past Messianic claimants. Since every King and High Priest was anointed with oil. Hosea 2:2022. b] When asked about his identity. 33:14-16. Cf.he claimed no association with Elijah at all. Isaiah 2:1-4.The Jewish Concept of Messiah and the Jewish Response to Christian Claims 1) The word “Messiah” is an English rendering of the Hebrew word “Mashiach”. it is unlikely that it could be considered the most important concept in the Bible. Isaiah 32:15-18. In the Greek Testament. Amos 9:13-15. 30:7-10. 2) There are many Messiahs in the Bible. (Having oil poured on his head.a difficulty in light of its conspicuous absence from scripture. including Jesus of Nazareth. each may be referred to as “an anointed one” (a Mashiach or a Messiah). Exodus 29:7. the Messiah is paramount. John the Baptist didn’t claim to have come in the spirit of Elijah . II Samuel 23:1. The above is the only description in the Bible of a Davidic descendant who is to come in the future. Psalms 20:6. selfevident to any person. in Jewish thought. However. in Christian thought. the Messiah) describing a future anointed person to come does not appear anywhere in the Bible. The Biblical passages which Christians are forced to regard as second coming (#5 above) don’t speak of someone returning. Elijah the prophet will reappear before the coming of the Messiah (Malachi 4:5-6). Since the Bible makes no explicit reference to the Messiah. 4) Where does the Jewish concept of Messiah come from? One of the central themes of Biblical prophesy is the promise of a future age of perfection characterized by universal peace and recognition of G-d. Ezekiel 34:11-31. However. For example: “G-d forbid that I [David] should stretch out my hand against the L-rd’s Messiah [Saul]. The Gospel of Luke 1:17 tries to get around this problem by claiming that John the Baptist came in the spirit of Elijah. it won’t require belief or faith. 5) Many of these prophetic passages speak of a descendant of King David who will rule Israel during the age of perfection. Zechariah 8:23. 14:9. 8) Because no person has ever fulfilled the picture painted in the Bible of this future King. Isaiah 45:1. 6) Since every King is a Messiah. whose translation is “Anointed”. 7) The Bible never speaks about believing in the Messiah. 3) The Hebrew word “HaMashiach” (lit. Hosea 3:4-5. when John the Baptist was asked if he was Elijah. However: a] Malachi predicted that Elijah himself would return. II Kings 9:3). Zephaniah 3:9. . The Bible never speaks about the Messiah returning after an initial appearance. he denied it (John 1:21). by convention. Cf. 10) According to Biblical tradition. 17:10-13). 37:21-28. Micah 4:1-4. 9) The claim that Jesus will fulfill the Messianic prophesies when he returns does not give him any credibility for his “first” coming. Indeed. The “second coming” theory is a desperate attempt to explain away Jesus’ failure. Isaiah 11:1-9.. Jesus claims that John the Baptist was Elijah (Matthew 11:13-14. Jeremiah 31:33-34. I Kings 1:39. Because his reign will be an historically verifiable reality. and not just someone coming in his spirit. Bar Cochba and Shabbtai Tzvi have been rejected. It usually refers to a person initiated into G-d’s service by being anointed with oil. we refer to this future anointed one as The Messiah. We will recognize the Messiah by seeing who the King of Israel is at the time of complete universal perfection. Jeremiah 23:5-6. the Messianic idea is not the most crucial. 60:1518. Jewish people still await the coming of the Messiah.

The Jewish Messiah JEWS FOR JUDAISM PO Box 15059 Baltimore. Mary was not from a legitimate Messianic family. 1:11) he fell under the curse of that king that none of his descendants could ever sit as king upon the throne of David. 22:9-10.c] The prophesy about the return of Elijah says that he would restore the hearts of the fathers to their children. 28:4-6) The third chapter of Luke is useless because it goes through David’s son Nathan. it is claimed that Joseph adopted Jesus. The third chapter of Luke traces Joseph’s genealogy. it would also disqualify her from being a Messianic progenitor.org ® Visit us at www. apologists claim that Jesus traces himself back to King David through his mother Mary.org 4601 Community Drive West Palm Beach. Because Joseph descended from Jeconiah (Mat. please check out our website: www. b) Joseph could never pass on by adoption that which he doesn’t have. 17:11-14. the Messiah must be a descendent of David through his son Solomon (II Sam. since tribal affiliation goes only through the father. The concept of Messiah is Jewish. the Messiah must be a descendent of King David. 36:30). that Joseph was not his father. These two also appear in Matthew 1:12 as descendants of the cursed Jeconiah. that doesn’t help Jesus. MD 21282 Phone: 410-602-0276 Fax: 410-602-0578 National Hotline: 800-477-6631 email: baltimore@jewsforjudaism. 7:14. and the hearts of the children to their fathers. (Mat. Num.jewsforjudaism. Ezra 2:59. If Mary descends from them. 1:18-23) In response. it then claims that Jesus resulted from a virgin birth. not Mary’s. drop us a line or give us a call. and. 11) According to the Jewish Bible. If you have questions about what Judaism has said about the promised Messiah for the last three millenia or want to know how to answer the Christian claims. A priest who adopts a son from another tribe cannot make him a priest by adoption.org. who allegedly descends from David. 1:18. FL 33417 561-478-0700 x171 . and passed on his genealogy via adoption. Ezekiel 34:23-24) Although the Greek Testament traces the genealogy of Joseph (husband of Mary) back to David. 33:17. According to the Bible. not Solomon. There are four basic problems with this claim: a] There is no evidence that Mary descends from David. as shown in the third chapter of Luke. There are two problems with this claim: a) there is no Biblical basis for the idea of a father passing on his tribal line by adoption. b] Even if Mary can trace herself back to David. I Chron. There is no evidence that John the Baptist accomplished this. (Jeremiah 23:5. Cf. To answer this difficult problem. (Luke 3:31) d] Luke 3:27 lists Shealtiel and Zerubbabel in his genealogy. c] Even if family line could go through the mother. (Jeremiah 22:30.jewsforjudaism. To find out about it go to the source. not mother.

"The Problem With Matthew" A Guide For Refuting Missionaries By Drashi Drashi@drashi.com Last updated: 20 March 2001 .

................................. 26 What is Christian? ....................... except through Jesus ........................................................... ......... 14 Conspiracies of the Jewish-Jews and non-Jews .................................................................................................................. 25 4............... 27 A Common Misconception ..................................... 7 The format of this book ........... 23 2.............................................................................................. 29 They’re Grown-Ups.......................................................................................................................................................................................................................... 22 1.... CSWJS belief: Only accepting Jesus will save you from Hell....... 3 How I came to write this eBook ....................................... Aren’t They? .................................. 16 What is “Jews For Jesus”?................................... CSWJS belief: Jesus was the only righteous man who ever lived.........3 The purpose of this book .. 3 The Uneducated Jew ............................. 8 Chapter 1 – The Problem ............................................................................................. 19 You cannot have it both ways.................................................................................... 11 Deceptive practices of Missionaries .............................. 4 A Jew is a Jew and a Christian is a Christian .......................11 It Isn’t Jewish.... 25 4...................................................................................................................................................... CSWJS belief: No one comes to G-d............................................ CSWJS belief: Believing in Jesus doesn’t make anyone less Jewish.........................................................Table of Contents Introduction........................................................................................................................................ 21 What Jews For Jesus Really Believe.................. 32 ............................................................................ 5 Making a difference .......................... 12 A couple of Missionary stories...................................................................................................................................... 24 3........................................................................................................... CSWJS belief: Jesus died for our sins ...........................................

looked for meanings. it means that every religion is different in its expression and relationship to G-d. Instead. This book is an expression of that national yearning. while having a conversation with someone concerning the differences between Christianity and Judaism. and the media was "gospel" (so to speak).Introduction The purpose of this book The purpose of this eBook is to point out the deceptive practices of Missionaries by going to one of their own sources. as well as man’s relationship to G-d in each of their unique and different traditions. When it referenced a Hebrew verse. Most committed Christians that I have met are good people. Often. but was ignorant of Christianity. such as man’s relationship to man. The Problem with Matthew is a book written for Jews. It was not written for the purpose of converting Christians to Judaism. and researched related verses in other passages and in the other books of the Christian bible. teachers. Jews don’t proselytize. After having done all of that. It does not mean that one religion is the only “true religion”. that is not my purpose. you end up with a mutual respect towards one another. and it is not with these believers that I have a problem. I plucked at sentences. for nearly a year. I had to confess (so to speak) that I did not." I used the same logical techniques of study that I do with the Gemara. I mean that while there are areas that agree. I was asked if I ever read the Christian bible. intensely studying the first book of the Christian text: the “Book of Matthew. A person who educates himself or herself in his or her tradition will have a greater expression of their yearning soul. How I came to write this eBook Some time ago. prior to this period of study. how can you have an intelligent conversation about something that you only learned from hearsay and from made-for-TV movies? I knew that I had a good foundation of Torah Judaism behind me. there are many things that the Christian bible speaks of that is not Jewish. when you have two people who are committed to their respective faiths. As I said. and they have respected my beliefs. frankly. neighbors. I was then challenged to read some of it in order to get a better understanding of Christianity. some have more differences than others. . I took it for granted that everything that I had been told by friends. there are large areas where they disagree. I was able to put down my pen. so I sat down for quite some time. and sit back amazed. It is my belief that all religions intersect in some way. It is like two circles that intersect in some degree. I acknowledge that there are points where the Christian bible does teach some of the things that Torah scholars speak. By separate. They are separate and complete methods of expressing one’s soul and establishing one’s relationship with the Creator. “The Book Of Matthew”. I looked at the original in its entire context. and there are many things that Jewish writings speak of that is not Christian. I knew very little about Christianity and it's relationship to Judaism. After all. But remember. and.

is a natural outgrowth of Judaism. A Torah-educated Jew. as we know it today. or. he or she might fall prey to these deceptions. The Uneducated Jew Educated Christians read and study the Christian writings on a consistent regular basis in order to expand their Christian expression. As an analogy. You can force it to play. or Observant Jews avoiding nonObservant Jews. and if such a person is not educated in Jewish Scripture. but not in a single person. because if an uneducated Jew who reads Missionary literature. to strengthen one’s faith and to provide a solid spiritual foundation. [Pirkei Avos 2:19 . is a mistake that many educated people have made. Those who don’t participate in a regular regime of religious study often experience a spiritual void. try to fit an 8-track tape cartridge into a cassette player or put a compact disc on a record turntable. The idea that Christianity. I mean that the basic doctrines of each religion do not compliment each other and that in many cases their core beliefs are contrary to one another. one who is well grounded in his or her own religion. I also emphasize "Torah-educated".Rabbi Eliezer said: Be diligent in the study of Torah. obvious to every Jew. but you still won't hear the music! (If you don’t know what an 8-track tape is. We need to unite in order to save our people. After all. Also. to convince the Jew that he or she can believe like a Christian without losing his or her Jewishness. I don’t have a pat answer. a soulful malnourishment.] So why isn't the idea that Judaism and Christianity are two distinct and contradictory religions. go ask your parents!). By incompatible. My guess is that we don’t spend enough time learning about our own text. could read the Christian text and see this clearly. As spiritual expressions. Each group does this to fulfill the spiritual yearning. I bring this up because it is the job of the members of Christian-sects-withJewish-Symbolism (hereafter known as CSWJS) churches to convince the Jew that being a Jew is incomplete. . I wrote this book to provide you with those insights so that you do not have to spend the time doing those months of research as I did. especially to those who fall prey to the Christian missionaries? Frankly. a Jew should be spending his or her time studying Torah. and know what answer to give an unbeliever. We have our own internal problems too: uneducated Jews looking at educated Jews with distrust. he or she would easily see that Christianity and Judaism are fully incompatible religions at their most fundamental levels. they can coexist. nor can they be swapped for one another. failing that. educated Jews read and study the Jewish writings on a consistent regular basis for our own spiritual expression.I can sum up my amazement in a single sentence: If a Torah-educated Jew actually took the time to read the Christian text.

To the uneducated Jew. overshadowing it to such a degree that an uneducated Jew us unable to tell the difference. People do not find long-term fulfillment in a social club. And usually. but instead. this manifests as Torah study. There is no deception here. like anyone else. And such a person eventually learns that what was Christian is actually Jewish. It . It is simply a term that I use to distinguish the Jew who has a solid foundation of Judaism to support him or her. has spent little time participating in any regular Torah education. Our souls yearn. while having the same yearning spirit. Sometimes this takes for form of taking some meditation or Tai-Chi classes. So imagine such a seeker being approached by a Messianic “Jew” and being invited to a “Shabbos” service where people are smiling. the Jew often feels empty and unfulfilled. singing Jewish songs. he or she will certainly go elsewhere to find it. and the two worlds blend. And without those things. CSWJS teachers blur the Jewish and Christian differences to the point where it seems that the circle called Christianity overlaps the circle called Judaism (using the earlier metaphor) in a far larger portion than it really does. If a Jew cannot find fulfillment in Jewish activities. The uneducated Jew may unknowingly become part of the Baptist movement called “Jews for Jesus” or any of the other CSWJS churches that are disguised as Jewish. the person taking these classes knows that the philosophy or discipline is not Jewish and can compartmentalize these classes with his or her Judaism. Jews. finding another shul or community to belong to where one can experience spiritual nourishment. For the Jew. if any education. or even understands them. I do not mean to speak disparagingly about any Jew who does not participate in regular Torah study. Perhaps our unfulfilled Jew belongs to a shul where there is little. especially in areas where Judaism has devolved into a series of rituals and social events. put their focus into Christian bible. This is not so uncommon. he or she will move on. and one where they can nurture their soul. it’s just another shul. thus leaving him or her in a vulnerable position. and later on they invite the Jew to come to any of the many classes and to nourish the soul. When they lacked education in Torah they did not study. A Jew is a Jew and a Christian is a Christian There have been spiritually hungry Jews who have become Christians. Eventually.When I speak of an educated Jew. allowing the Jew to use his power of discernment while participating. clapping. Or perhaps the person does not connect to the prayers. In these cases. such a person will normally call himself or herself a Christian. and the people offering these classes are very up-front about whom they are and what they teach. as opposed to the person who. and night. and prayer every morning. performing mitzvos. He became a Baptist minister and called himself a Christian. It is important to note that the founder of Jews for Jesus was born as a Jew who converted to Christianity. need to experience their connection with the Creator. afternoon.

was only later on. I’m Kosher!” The outside presents something that is inconsistent with it’s inside. The founder of Jews for Jesus was a Christian. We need to remember the saying of the most successful Christian missionary. Search for another Jew who has also gone through such spiritual travails. but instead needs to lay partially on its side. As far as I know. There is passion and fulfillment in Judaism. The greatest counteractive method that any shul can do is to provide daily classes and have a daily minyan. but it does not chew its cud. the pig is the only animal that falls into such a category. A Torah-Jew would not enter the Church of the Pope. And the members of Messianic “Jewish” or CSWJS Churches (that are incorrectly labeled as “temples”) are Christians. in telling another person what is important to you. CSWJS members intentionally blur the distinction in order to entice and deceive the uneducated and spiritually hungry Jew. which means it is not kosher at all. this is only an example. the pig is unique. Of all of the animals in the world. and learn from that person. My goal is to inform the uninformed Jew. and being straightforward and clear in your expression. In this way. so it’s okay!” (Oh. The Jewish cure for any spiritual malnourishment is to study and learn Torah. saying “Well. When the pig lays down. And there are some non-kosher animals that chew their cud but do not have split hooves. Paul. Kosher animals have split hooves and chew their cud. So too must any Jew who participates in the way of Paul. such communication speaks . legalistically he would be called Jewish. “Look! I have split hooves. told his followers that he needed to discard his Jewish identity in order to follow Jesus (Philippians 3:8). When the intent is to speak from the heart. There is a Jewish teaching that tells us that the pig is not a kosher animal. even though they both participating in devotional and spiritual expression. And yet. and in case you were wondering. Christians fund their churches. the Pope’s Jewish. but the reality is that his spiritual tradition and actions are solely Christian in nature. There are Rabbis and Jewish teachers who yearn for the yearning student. the Pope’s mother wasn’t Jewish!) Such a leader is a Christian. Let’s get clear on at least one thing: Judaism and Christianity are incompatible religions. If you cannot find it. There is no valid relationship between Judaism and Christianity. not sources that look Jewish on the outside. thus displaying its feet for everyone to see as though to say. but are not Jewish on the inside. that it became popular to call oneself a Jew while worshiping as a Christian. If the Pope’s maternal great-great-grandmother was a Jew (with an unbroken matriarchal line). There is great power in sharing your spiritual experience with other souls. after he created this recent Christian sect. it cannot bend the knees and hide them as many animals do. It does have split hooves. then learn where to find it. But learn from Kosher sources.

Although Jewish verses are often quoted in Christian sources. this is not a guide to help convince Christians that their religion is invalid. To the educated Jew. It isn’t both. And when a Jew receives such an expression from a Christian. a Buddhist. this wasn’t fast enough. resulting in an increase in the number of non-observant Jews converting to Christianity or Buddhism. they are always used in a Christian manner. this is easy to spot. and it is an equal problem from the Jewish point of view. This is certainly a problem from the Missionary point of view. The founder of “Jews for Jesus. In later chapters in this book. However. or someone else who is passionate about their religion. just as Jews don’t need proof that the Exodus really happened. It is an act of faith. or a Christian text. This is one of the problems with Matthew.directly to the heart of another. Christianity should not need Judaism to justify its existence. and what is Christian is usually not Jewish. For many Christian leaders. It is either a Jewish text. to someone who is educated in Judaism and can make a distinction between Judaism and Christianity.” realized this when he broke away from a more up-front Missionary group in order to form one of deceit. I don’t mean to make it sound like every Jew is running to convert. . Assimilation was a greater factor. That is an error that every Jew needs to avoid. A Missionary will tell you that “Matthew” was a Jew who wrote his book to a Jewish audience. It was also written in a format that can be shared amongst Jews who lack the information. or misuses Jewish scripture to sway you to believe that there is no distinction. and yet we will see that the “bad guys” in the book are the educated and observant Jews. And they have been very successful. prior to the Messianic “Jew” movement of the 1970’s. a Hindu. the Jew can experience the impact that the other spiritual tradition has upon the other person. or to those Jews who have been confused or deceived by Christian missionaries. Making a difference I have written this book so that you can use the information in the "Book of Matthew" to refute a Christian missionary. which becomes problematic when you want to appeal to Jews. This book was written for your own education. Actually. while the “good guys” are not. the conversion rate for Jews to Christianity by traditional Missionaries was small. I will show you that what is Jewish is usually not Christian. but only faith alone. Contrast that to the Missionary who tells you that Christianity is a natural outgrowth of Judaism. But the Jew can still make the distinction that. and not a Jewish one. while the other spiritual tradition is intensely important to the other person. It is likely that this book was written to appeal to non-Jews. it still isn’t Jewish.

which provides very good refutation information a non-emotional manner. for they scream. As Jews. rant. And. It is important that we first focus on understanding why Judaism and Christianity are incompatible religions. we tell the world what is Jewish. but there are also books. and sarcasm pours forth. I reviewed it and saw that I too had done the same thing. there are some very good web sites out there. But they do not see it that way. albeit in a lesser degree. Trained converts usually will learn more about Jewish scripture than when they were part of the Jewish community. and as CSWJS members. they will not fall easy prey to Christian Missionaries. some good and some that are screamers. but about regaining our family. Some of them are in paper form. They are like you and me in the area concerning spiritual yearning. while others are on the Internet as web pages. One such person told me “I study Torah. Other sites are not so easy to read. as some refuting textbooks infer. For every reason that you give. although the direction of their interpretation is normally never a Jewish one. No one can convince someone of faith that his or her understanding is flawed. They are solid in their belief and faith and nothing short of an epiphany will shake them from it. and I keep Shabbos! I’m more frum than my parents who belong to a Reform Temple. I went though several revisions before it became the book that you now see before you. They compare it to pagan mythologies. You must first educate yourself. Therefore. they tell the world that we don’t know what we’re talking about. Who are you to say that I am not Jewish?” He was born a Jew. this book reflects that same idea. He has been well educated with deceptive teachers and missionary texts. there are also web sites out there that refute the refutations! It has become an intellectual game of cat and mouse. After the original writing of this book. When Jews realize that. They are no more psychologically unbalanced than anyone else. They incorrectly believe that they straddle both worlds. but his kavanah is not Jewish. That is a Jewish idea. and rave about Christianity. .I have met and spoken with a number of Jews who have become part of this Missionary process. and they embody that. they can give the appropriate response. They are Jews who have transferred their alliance from the Jewish community to the Christian community. He believes otherwise. Hopefully. as expected. This is not about gaining converts. such as Jews for Judaism. with the Jewish soul as the prize. The format of this book There are a lot of “refutation texts” out there. they call Jesus and assortment of names. And ‘round and ‘round it goes. and they want to express this in their own unique way. And it isn’t just web sites. I truly appreciate information that is clear and accurate. I keep kosher. They believe that they are still Jewish. Speaking of web sites.

and never were Jewish. beginning with chapter 1. telling us how we can experience a greater relationship with G-d. or deep-seated faith. I invite you to read this introduction and go no further. I will often use the word “deceptive” as well as other synonymous words. A Christian has the deep-seated faith that Christianity is an offshoot of Judaism. if you are not a Jew. But starting with chapter 1. and you might end up bringing non-kosher items into your home. and is actually very destructive. I do not want to be responsible for undermining the faith of a believing Christian. He tells us to avoid them. This is how you need to treat the words of the Missionary: they are not kosher. and so long as you come from that position. but a simple fact: when you misrepresent yourself. you are deceiving others. you will be taking the first step to excluding them from your life. However… In describing CSWJS groups.Undermining another’s faith is not useful. I do not want Christians to read those chapters. What feeds the human spirit is one’s emunah. and feeding these non-kosher items to your family. and what is Jewish is not Christian. Also. Let’s say that you know a particular store is known for carrying non-kosher food items. King David wrote to all Jews of all generations. LaShon HaRah (speaking evil) is an important concept that I want to avoid. I will begin to show you that what is Christian is not Jewish. and because I will tear that argument apart. I do not want to participate in that manner. it would be a blessing to me if these writings to make reduce the memberships of CSWJS churches of those members who were born as Jews. you carefully look at all of the labels on all of the food items that you put into your cart. and that is all you really need to know right now. If you came from a point of view that everything in that store was kosher. then you might not be as observant. It is an interesting side note that the members of CSWJS churches are primarily men and women who were not born Jewish. It is because of this awareness that you do not mistakenly bring something non-kosher into your kosher home. In this introduction I am brought forth the concept of the deceptive missionary. G-d willing. This is not name-calling. Let’s use a modern day metaphor. Because of that. and avoid the pitfalls that the missionaries put before the Jew. It all starts with education. But. to spend time in Torah study (in contrast to “the law of .

and in His instructions does he meditate days and night He [as a Torah Jew] shall be like a tree [that became] trans planted [to be] near a rivulet of water which produces a crop in it’s season. possessors of the Torah. he will be prosperous.the Lord” as this verse is often translated in Christian texts). and in the seat of the verbal deceiver. and [in] everything that he does. and whose leaf does not whither. Let us remember and remind our brethren. [Tehillim 1:1-1:3 –(Forward striving and discerning) is the person who has not walked in the counsel of the wicked [misleaders]. has never stood in the path of the [unconcerned] sinner. For only in the Torah of HaShem does he strive. and that we will experience spiritual nourishment and growth in the tradition of our forefathers and foremothers.] Drashi Drashi@drashi. he has not sat.com . We are Jews.

I believe with complete and unwavering faith that my religion is complete and fulfilling. And if you encounter a Missionary. but by being well grounded. don’t scream at them. Don’t bother trying to undermine the belief of a true believer. for you are their anchor. then he or she is certainly not a representative of what it is to be a Jew. encourage them. but how to strengthen yours. the common denominator is: "It isn’t Jewish. You also need to keep in mind that there are two kinds of CSWJS members: those who were once uneducated Jews and now truly believe in what they are telling you. Missionaries disagree with that premise. and those who were born and are still Christian. I want every Jew to appreciate Judaism fully and to be able to intelligently respond to every Missionary: "What you are saying isn’t Jewish. They show you horrid translations of the Tanakh. They then try to tell you that your understanding was flawed. I cannot sway theirs. Throw them off with kindness. Thus. . however it still isn’t Jewish. If you have a family member who has fallen prey to a CSWJS church. Love them. these Missionaries will tell you anything to get you to become a CSWJS church believer. so what you are saying isn’t Jewish. Certainly. and if you cut them off. Just as they cannot sway my beliefs. the best thing that you can do is to maintain your connection." And if what the Missionary is saying isn’t Jewish. they may drift in those turbulent waters forever. Either way. They are used to this reaction. If you don’t want to talk to them." And the Missionary tries to tell you that what is Christian are really Jewish. you can easily reply with: "That is certainly an interesting argument. You need to know enough to say: “Poor translations are not valid Jewish texts.” As you can see. and be authentic. You cannot sway him or her.Chapter 1 – The Problem It Isn’t Jewish As a Jew. the Missionary may counter with their poor translations and out-of-context Jewish verses. what you will learn in this and other chapters is not how to undermine their belief. but it accomplishes very little and becomes a tiring game." It is the one statement that goes to the heart of the argument. Initially it becomes an interesting form of verbal jousting.

Deceptive practices of Missionaries Over the past few years. They annoy us by putting out a press release. on June 13. In this. That second class of Missionary uses deception to get what the he or she desires most: the assimilation of Jews . the desire by Christian Missionaries to convert Jews has grown in intensity. alone contributing to this cause. for there is no point. these Christian missionaries have the chutzpah to announce their intent to assimilate! These Southern Baptists send their Christian Missionaries to annoying us during the Jewish High Holidays. the deception isn’t intellectual. the Southern Baptist Convention passed a resolution targeting Jews for assimilation into Christendom. they look back and see the desperate Jew follow. This has been reported repeatedly as a problem in nursing homes. there are Christian missionaries. with no caring Jews around to aid them. 1996. With 15 million members in the U. Nowhere do you find "Hindus for Jesus" or "Buddhists for Jesus. that same council became committed to having 100.S. 1999. always keep in mind that the modus operandi of a Missionary is deceit and enticement. and Jews will normally keep as far away from these types of people as possible. but emotionally vulnerable as well. very rarely will an educated Jew engage the Missionary in any verbal swordplay. On the holiday that Jews celebrate non-assimilation. a time of prayer and reflection. and with Jews who feel disenfranchised. As I said. for their way isn't Jewish. This is an intrusive practice that we have gotten used to over the years. The soul yearns to feel fulfilled. gaining their confidence. and then as they walk away. It is a holy time for us. and those who are not. For example. preying on any Jew who is vulnerable. But if you do.then thank them and move on. there is often a Missionary waiting to befriend them. but emotional. there are two classes of Missionaries: those who are straight forward about whom they are and what they believe. But that’s another issue. Vulnerability means someone who is not knowledgeable in both Christian and Jewish theology and cannot make a distinction between the two. pleading to their savior in the hope that the Jews accept Jesus as their Lord and Master. As I already said. we need to take full responsibility. and the lonely Jew who doesn’t participate in prayer and Torah study on a regular basis may be willing to do anything to experience friendship at any cost. publicly announcing that they will be praying to Jesus.000 missionaries invade Chicago." Christian Missionaries do not seem to have the same intensity of proselytizing when it comes to non-Jews. In every major city where there are Jews. For where there are Jews who are infirmed. In these cases. or in despair. Jews are their focal point. such as the blind or the deaf. lonely. this adds up to a lot of money! In the midst of Hanukah on December 9th. But being vulnerable doesn’t just mean an intellectual vulnerability.

. is it any wonder that Jewish organizations cringe when they see someone wearing a “Jews for Jesus” t-shirt? But these t-shirts aren’t always being worn. funded by Baptists. teenagers who may be going through some crisis in their lives. being a Jew since birth. for all intents and purposes. Instead. Billy Graham. because when CSWJS Missionaries get dressed up. These Missionaries work on getting Jews to come and celebrate at a "Messianic" church. he said: "I normally defend my denomination.as Christians. But I have never targeted Muslims. They have been known to infiltrate schools and shuls. Jews for Jesus is a CSWJS religion posing as Jewish in order to gain more converts. You will find these CSWJS Missionaries dressed in traditional Jewish garb as they set up booths near secular Collage campuses in order to attract Jews. It is a church of Christian Missionaries welcoming the Jew after manipulating Jewish symbolism in order to gain yet another convert into their fold." By “my denomination”. Baptists. which was started and is maintained by Jews. which is inserted into their program. and then taking advantage of the situation. waiting to deceive him or her when the Jew is at his or her weakest. and who membership is primarily people who are Christians and never were Jewish. which are so aligned with the Southern Baptist Council of Churches. I'm loyal to it. but I have discovered that this is not necessarily true in every city of the United States.Messianic". And it’s too bad. The CSWJS Missionary does this by presenting himself or herself to Jews as being Jewish. One of their own Christian leaders. in order to entice Jews to listen to their "Messianic” message. they convert the uneducated Jew who knows nothing about these practices. when in reality he is in the minority. although they will use the word "temple" or "shul" to get Jews to go there. he might as well be referring to the CSWJS churches. The leaders of these churches are often seen in the company of Baptist leaders. The best they have done so far is to get them their own subheading: "Synagogues . that they are. and through the use of Jewish symbols and distorted Jewish texts. Many Jewish groups have tried to get these "Messianic" churches eliminated from the Telephone Yellow Pages under "Synagogues". When the organization is built by Baptists. in an interview with Fox News in January of 2000. like Conservative or Reform. has denounced their activities when. The uninformed Jew might think that such a church is full of converted Jews. but have so far been unsuccessful. a hidden Missionary waiting for the vulnerable Jew. trained by Baptists. (See below). you usually can’t tell what they are until they engage you in their routine. I bring this up to emphasize one specific point: Don't be fooled into thinking that "Jews for Jesus" is just another branch of Judaism. I know of one who tried to pass himself off as an Orthodox teacher in order to consul Jewish youths. I have never targeted Jews. Perhaps they announce an event where "Traditional Jewish music" will be played. Again.

The odd thing is that these events are rarely ever printed about in the secular paper unless the Jewish community is in an uproar and cries out for attention. The Jewish newspapers. so that he could do eventually do harm to those who might seek his counsel. in reality. Tsiyon claimed to be attending Chassidic shuls frequently. we will never know. and with little secular reporting on it. (This ordinance has been rarely used. He was planning to move to Israel. This is something that cannot be understood unless it is experienced. except for the outward trappings. I came across one web site on the Internet that was committed to converting Jews. It had a very angry tone because Israel had passed an ordinance that allowed the ejection of Missionaries from Israel whose tactics were deceptive and coercive. and then it is often a small article that barely gets read. This has especially been a problem in Israel. and was very interested in that subject.) I read into this an almost manic need for the Missionary to convert the Jew. there is this lack of comprehension why a Jew would care one way or the other about remaining a Jew. For example. But something didn’t ring true. but that they are Christian men and women reaching out to Jews.These Christian missionaries will use any resource that they have in order to accomplish their goal. Tsiyon also claimed to have a Ph. they have used their own children to befriend secular Jewish children as a way to get to the barely observant Jewish parents. and to take that away from him or her is like taking food away from a starving person. He told people he was a Kohain and claimed to have some background in Chassidic Judaism. where he could teach and counsel other Jews. and the traditional black garb of an Orthodox Jew. He then attempted to infiltrate other yeshivos in order to legitimize himself as a Jew elsewhere. when in fact there is nothing Jewish about them. even though the members of "Jews for Jesus" say that their organization is a Jewish outreach program.” a traditional school of Jewish learning. this does not mean that they are Jewish men and women reaching out to other Jews. A couple of Missionary stories Sometimes the end that the Christian Missionary goes to stretches the imagination. The man was in his early 40’s and went by the name of Tsiyon. they will often use the term "we Jews". But he was found out to be. To many non-Jews. Other Jews at the Yeshivah where he was studying didn’t see him at davvening with the others.D and the Yeshivah he attended in early 2001 was “Ohr Somayach-Monsey. This is a perfect example as to how deep the Missionary is willing to go to get what he or she wants. Remember. a Christian Missionary posing as a Jew. What his actual name was. when interviewed. Earlier I started to tell you of the Missionary who wanted to go to Israel and consul Jews. He wore peyos (traditional long locks on the side of the head). Despite this. He was especially interested in the process of conversion. He was kicked out of the yeshiva. “Yated Naaman” and others ended up containing a large add .

asking him for teaching and advice. it remained within Jewish circles. nobody else will. . But it isn't just the nonObservant Jew who is approached. Zack trusted the nice man and did so. who tried to instill in him respect for other religions had no problem with Zack playing with non-Jews. saying that in doing so. and was playing with some non-Jewish friends in his hometown of Dallas. he couldn't accept it. There was no Chofetz Chaim. His parents. Many missionaries will commonly use deceit and look for a trusting Jew who's "open-minded" (translation: non-observant and unconcerned). When his parents found out later on that what the boy had signed were conversion papers. and no Jewish verses at all. is not so easy. One Missionary emailed me and claimed to have been a teacher in a Chabad Lubavitch in Los Angeles. Texas. If Jews don’t act and if Jews don’t care. While there. And when I explained a theological point that is fundamental to Judaism. however. This is but one example of a Jew who nearly succumbed to verbal coercion and trickery from Missionaries who target Jews. no Talmud. These “friends” were Baptists and invited him to play at their church without telling him that it was "target night". this story didn’t get very far. a night where non-Baptists are "saved". Imagine the harm he could have done if he had placed himself in a Jewish Outreach program where vulnerable Jews would come to him. we have one group that deceives. The boy went with his “friends” to their church to play. looking kosher when he or she in reality a Christian Missionary. No. More people than not indicated that is was fine. The first group. a Jewish boy who was a few weeks away from his Bar Mitzvah. reported a story of a 12-year old Zack. the vulnerable. it took a poll to ask if what the religious leader had done was wrong. and another group that entices. but not hiding the fact that they are made up of Christians. As we see from the previous two examples. They ignored the paper and the boy declared that he would remain 110% Jewish. just because you can act the part doesn't mean that you actually lived the part. The experience changed their lives forever. the ABC news program. In February of 2000. that the religious leader did nothing wrong. he quoted from “Matthew” over and over again to warn me against trying to destroy the faith of the faithful. The second group is easy to avoid. the young. Perhaps this is because the religious leader was fulfilling his religious obligation by getting a non-believer to proclaim to the world that he or she is now a believer. and the uneducated. 20/20. And yet. When the television news reported this event.from the yeshiva with a picture of this individual and his known information in order to stop him. Zack met a Church member who manipulated the boy into signing some paper. all of his sins would be erased. the entire family felt betrayed. Yet even so. But let’s also take a look at another example that actually did get a lot of press.

We learned in a Mishnah: Rabbi Eliezer said: A person should be diligent to learn the Torah and know how to refute the arguments of a non-believer. Remember. Rabbi Yochanan said: This was taught only with respect to a non-Jewish heretic. one of the most successful form of CSWJS churches. If they say "yes" or dance around a response. as well as being spoken about openly on the radio. however. both Jewish and non-Jewish. or a piece of Jewish-looking piece of jewelry.By their appearance. What is up is down. just because a pig looks Kosher on the outside. Christian missionaries are using visual deceit. will often appear with the head of the Baptist council of churches. One of the purposes of this book is to warn Jews that just because someone wears a kipah. selling the Jew on the idea that Judaism is an incomplete religion and only by becoming a Christian can the Jew truly experience the love of G-d. What they . So if you meet someone. but the conspiracy isn’t a secret. for they rely on the idea that a small group of people can fool a larger group. In the general definition of the term. This is what can be termed an “open conspiracy”. the CSWJS churches and the Southern Baptists have conspired against the Jews. The reason that many criminals get caught is that they can’t keep their mouth shut! The larger the group. and what is down becomes up. or if they look frume. For most Missionaries will not deny that Jesus was their Savior. These two Christian leaders don’t try to hide their relationship to those who see it. They will tell the Jew that the real meaning behind the verses are the Christian meanings. They will use intentionally incorrect translations of Jewish texts to prove something that they were never intended to prove. They are very open concerning their commitment to convert Jews. it doesn’t mean its Kosher. you probably have a missionary on your hands. The director of “Jews for Jesus”. they will more often use verbal deceit. even to entice a Jew. it doesn't mean anything. the more likely it is that someone is going to tell someone who shouldn’t be told. and if you suspect anything at all.] Conspiracies of the Jewish-Jews and non-Jews I dislike “secret” conspiracy theories. 38b . television. The Missionary continues to hammer away. or into Christianity presenting itself as being a “bit” Jewish. They will take words from the Jewish vocabulary and redefine them in order to confuse and entice the Jew away from Torah Judaism and into Christianity. This information has been printed in numerous publications. and the Internet. [Tractate Sanheidrein (Talmud). and that the Jewish meanings are deceptions. They will take Jewish writings that mean one thing and present them in a twisted manner in order to make it mean something completely different. point-blank ask the person if they believe Jesus was their Savior. but a Jewish heretic will use your arguments to support his misleading points.

an isolated incident is not given much weight. There is a difference between being secretive (standard conspiracy theory) and being deceptive (your typical “con” or “hustle”). Such a conspiracy relies on the idea that “nobody but us knows this. as the Missionary suggested. Texas. Or the Jew will be told that the Rabbis never teach much about ancient prophecy. we don’t have any educated Rabbis who expose the Jewish leaders. crying out that it’s all been a sham! But the Christian Missionary knows the “truth”. There is no such conspiracy. No. there are Jewish leaders who have become Christians!” My answer was simple: first. why is it that the people who were there have a conflicting story? You would think that after weeks or months. After all. converted to Christianity. giving him or her this secret information that nobody else has? No. a plot by the Jewish leaders to keep their uneducated . The Rabbis always knew the truth and have kept it hidden from the Jews for centuries. And yet. There were hundreds of witnesses. had burned down that building began to spread. when it has not relationship with Judaism at all. secret conspiracies don’t exist. one conspiracy was that the U. there was footage from a news camera that showed a gleam of sunlight. since human beings just can’t keep their mouths shut! For example. That brings us to the notion of a “secret” or “closed” conspiracy. for somehow he or she is privy to information that no Jew has access to: the secret society of power-hungry Rabbis. The Jew will be told that it’s not his fault that he doesn’t worship Jesus. someone would have finally admitted what happened. after the holocaust. and as such.” he asked. such a thing is an aberration. Or that the Rabbis modified ancient text to make it look like Jesus did not fulfill any prophecy. They can’t. the secret conspiracy that the U. And yet.S. “your Rabbis don’t mention him? See. the CSWJS churches are not plotting in secret. and what they saw was fire starting from the inside. in all the centuries. if hundreds of people knew the “truth”. And yet. “How come. but the conspiracy buffs proclaimed that it just had to be a flame! Now imagine. It is not. how does the speaker know this? What privilege does the speaker have.” But if that were true. They can expect that when more people participate in the crime. A Missionary once told me of an Orthodox Rabbi who. since they are afraid that their congregation will learn the “truth”. the Christian Missionary will often use the “secret” conspiracy ploy to deceive the Jew. government had used flamethrowing tanks to burn up the Branch Davidian compound in Waco.S.are not very open about is how they label the Jews for Jesus as a “Jewish” religion. it is more likely that someone will be caught. The police rely on this part of human nature to capture criminals.

accepting.congregants in check. The media will downplay the numbers and the importance of the observant Jews. And for every tale of lost faith. how is it that the Christian Missionary who knows little of Judaism is privy to information that millions of Jews around the world don’t know anything about? They know what they know because that’s what they have been taught to know. In other words. Matthew wrote how terrible and corrupt the Jewish leaders were. If you heard this. with a beard. this would be like saying that you are part of the Jewish fringe element (pun intended!). a Christian missionary says. we Jews have made it easy for the Christian missionaries to do this type of verbal manipulation. An observant Jew walks by wearing the traditional garb. We. "your an intelligent person". Would you want to be associated with any group that is Ultra anything? After all. non-accepting. He did not want to be associated with being "Orthodox". So. black hat. and appreciated. Many Jews have fallen into the "you aren't bad like they are" manipulation. . while we Jews have named our shuls and children after some of these same great men (such as bais Shammai or bais Hillel for example). and he did not want to lose his standing with his colleagues. or some other type of opener to get you to a particular state of mind. I suggested reading “Chassidic Tales of the Holocaust” by Yaffa Eliach (Avon books) for some of these examples. they label religious Jews as Ultra-Orthodox. Let’s look at a modern-day example. This is nothing more than a variation of the anti-Semitic book “Protocols of Zion”. There is a difference between being susceptible because of deception and being susceptible because of despair. look at the Rabbi!" and they snicker. Those Jews In reality. usually by 50% or more. Who wants to be part of some minority. As we will see. and closed-minded. as human beings. The second is that the holocaust itself was such a great aberration that it tested the faith of many. there are many more of faiths strengthened. Two non-Jews look at one another with a grin and one says to the other "Hey. want to be inclusive. or "you certainly have an open mind". A non-observant Jew is at a computer conference. who are even part of a minority in their own country? We do this to ourselves. where there is a secret plot by power-hungry Jews to take over the world. It is also in line with tradition Christian teachings. we don't want to be associated with any group that is not liked because they are perceived to be exclusive. would you want to be associated with the traditionally dressed Jew and be part of the minority? When the secular media reports on religious Jews in Israel. Because of that. and tzitzis. The non-observant Jew says nothing and walks away.

if that's what it takes to convert Jews. with black bible in hand. knocking on the door. Many Jews will be antagonistic to other Jews. In it. If their Rabbi says that there is nothing to it. In fact. and some Jews were converting to Christianity.” They first appeared in the 1960's! Back then. the problem goes deeper. This is one of the reasons why the Christian missionary goes after the person who doesn't look too Jewish. fundamental Christian organizations were frustrated at their attempts to convert Jews. Some Christians were converting to Judaism. and they could not answer his questions. then the difference is noted and there is this instant wall of separation erected. He then proceeded to make the same bad quotes to "prove" that Jesus was G-d. He tells anecdotes where he asked Rabbis to explain what the words of the prophets meant. then it must be true. it certainly borders on it. even the modern state of Israel is older than the “Messianic Jew. They already have a built in program to use. and some less-observant Jews were becoming non-Observant. What is “Jews For Jesus”? Did you ever wonder when the first "Messianic Jews" appeared? Was it 2. Sure. he stated that the only reason that Jews don't convert is because they do not think for themselves. they had very little success.There are people who are proud to be Jews but don't want this type of association. These early hard-hitting Christian bible-beating missionaries were turning more Jews off than bringing them to Jesus. The Jew would see the bright cross on the book and shut the door as fast as possible. The case for Christ. just so they don't "accidentally" get labeled as extremists. (Zondervan Press. Jews were marrying non-Jews.000 years ago? 1.500 years ago? No. A Christian Missionary coming to a Jewish home. but it was still going rather slowly. and the assimilation was taking place. Some less observant Jews were becoming more observant. If one Jew sees another who is less or more observant. I read a Christian paperback1 which had an interview with a man who was once a Jew and who converted to Christianity and is a missionary to convert Jews. He continued to attack the leaders. 1 Lee Strobel. And while it is not anti-Semitic in the strictest sense of the word. Missionaries will use this process of divide and conquer. 1998) . saying that it's sad that Jews do not convert because of this conspiracy by Rabbis who know the truth. by playing on this fear of association.

and Reverend Martin Rosen. and it is not alone. They often mislead the Jews by telling them that the roots of Christianity are based on Judaism.J. Reverend Rosen transferred leadership to David Brickner. and that such a sect perverts both Christianity as well as Judaism.: Revell. Moishe told his father that he wanted to be a Christian and his father sent Moishe to a psychiatrist.” rather than members of a CSWJS church. and the most vocal. Both sides are willing to agree on this. I at least have a letter to prove it. Reverend Rosen was an assimilated Jew named Moishe Rosen2 who converted early in life. They provided arguments that Christianity is the next logical step for the thinking or open-minded Jew. in writing a very positive book about Jews for Jesus stated: From these groups I have come to understand. They needed a better idea. standing on street corners and shouting to the world of his belief in Jesus Christ as his Lord and Savior. Things were happening. he broke away from them and founded his own organization. a very fiery preacher. and depicting Jesus as an antiestablishment bearded young man trying to make the world a better place hit a nerve with the young people of the 60’s. In 1996. So by using the term "Messianic Jew"." While other Ministries were started around this same time. who has been the executive director ever since. but it still wasn’t very fast when it came to the Jews. at least to a small degree.sometimes from fellow Christians. It spends millions of Christian dollars every year on its broad campaign. and was. This is but one example of such an organization. I have been personally criticized for overlooking heresy and befriending those whom others view as dangerous or outside Christian orthodoxy. Jews for Jesus (Old Tappan. 1974) Ruth A. And the members of these groups all consider themselves as "Messianic Jews. Jews for Jesus is one of the best known. and Jewish leaders know that Jews for Jesus is also blurred Christianity. how it feels to face opposition and rejection -. worked for them for 10 years. Reverend Rosen wrote: “So no matter what anyone says about my mental stability these days. and in 1973. and after 2 days of analysis declared that Moishe was sane. Tucker. Not Ashamed: The Story of Jews for Jesus (Multnomah Publishers. In writing her book about Rosen and his church. He founded "Jews for Jesus. In 1952. and still is. a relatively new idea. Most people don't. 1999) . Christian leaders know that Jews for Jesus is blurred Christianity.Public “Jesus fests” were working much better. N. Christian writer Ruth Tucker. their process of converting Jews became more successful." He was ordained in 1957. The organization "American Board of Missions to the Jews" was founded. The only side disagreeing is Jews for Jesus! Their stance is that they can call themselves anything 2 3 Moishe Rosen with William Proctor.3 Yes.

" Christians believe that Jesus was "the Word". nobody is going to stop them. However. and hence. It is a deceptive practice that has been recently been developed to entice Jews into thinking that the belief in Jesus as a "Christ" is compatible with Judaism. well. This is surely not a Jewish idea. remember Reverend Rosen's own words that he wrote about his organization: "We believe in affiliating with a local church and being accountable to the church for service and discipline. I have strong reasons for thinking that many so-called Jews for Jesus have never lived within the scope of Judaism prior to identifying themselves as Christians." This certainly doesn't sound very Jewish to me. And the biggest problem is that only a minority of the population (Jews) even care that this deception has been going on for several decades. We consider ourselves to be an arm of the local church. We are talking about a sect made up primarily of non-Jews who want to call themselves Jews. and--while some of the members of Jews for Jesus may have been Jewish earlier on. . and the Word was with G-d. not the Missionary.they want. Christians and Jews pray to G-d. But remember. the difference between Judaism and Christianity is that Jews cannot give G-d a form. Jews are forbidden to pray to anything or anyone. on this basis. In Judaism HaShem has neither form nor substance. and these ideas are not Jewish ones. Jesus is one of three: they are one and they are distinct entities. and this therefore proves that he existed with G-d before the creation of the Universe. we are not talking about a sect made up mostly (even 51%) of Jews." You cannot find the term "Messianic Jew" anywhere in the Christian bible. To quote Reverend Scott of the Anglican Church in Toronto Canada: "It should be noted that no Jew anywhere can accept that a member of Jews for Jesus is in fact a Jew. It says "In the beginning was the Word. And if you are ever in doubt that CSWJS “temples” are anything other than churches. the Jewish community is perfectly justified in declaring the Jews for Jesus are in fact not Jews at all. It is an accepted principle of inter-religious dialogue that a religious community be allowed to define itself. In Christian terms. There is no such compatibility. and if they want to call themselves Jewish. Christianity has replaced the Book of Berashis (Genesis) by the Gospel of John. and. and Christians see no real difference between G-d and Jesus. and if the non-CSWJS Jews don’t like it. You cannot have it both ways There is only one G-d. Christianity has a G-d with form. that’s their problem.

The Baptists were very.The reality of it is that a Jew cannot replace Torah with faith in Jesus and still call himself or herself a Jew. The small number of Jews in the earlier part of the Christian millennium who tried to retain their Jewish identity and take on the beliefs of Christianity faded away into obscurity. but what's inside the package that matters. They tried to keep all 613 mitzvos and accept Jesus as the human non-supernatural Moshiach. and those who try end up not fitting into either community. The Rabbis continued attack against the CSWJS organization instead of going to the foundation of their non-Jewish beliefs. one cannot be both a Christian and a Jew.. Christianity sees Judaism as an incomplete religion because we do not believe in Jesus as our savior. . Many Jews are becoming alarmed when they hear the term "Jews for Jesus". but it was soon wrenched from them. Each person gets a small sound bite. Unfortunately. What Jews For Jesus Really Believe On January 12th. is the "complete" religion. to the uneducated Jew. such a format does little to educate the public. But as time pressed on. good. anything Jewish was gutted and replaced with the belief of Jesus as a supernatural deity called a "Christ. such beliefs were abandoned. 2000 David Brickner. the complete Judaism. isn't Jewish at all. It is a group that lies to its converts over and over again concerning history and Bible versus in order to keep them in their place. Later on. as well as the other lesser-publicized Messianic cults. and with the topic switching do different points. As an educated Jew. the executive directory of "Jews for Jesus" appeared on the Larry King show with Reverend Alert Mohler Jr. when. it becomes a dizzy dervish. “Messianic” Judaism is a Christian organization that dupes Jews into converting. and unless you regain control. The Rabbis were always on the defensive. and there was only a single moment when the regained control. that is bound and supported by Christian churches. I knew what was going on. No. Unfortunately." This belief structure was certainly not done to appeal to Jews. If I had to vote for who won in this debate. It's not the packaging. the Rabbis may have unintentionally created more confusion. no single point ever gets fully investigated. president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. This was a good example of how the Missionaries dance all over the place. which is about all you can do in 20 minutes. I’d have to say the Baptists. With opposing viewpoints were two Rabbis. Christian missionaries created "Messianic Judaism" in order to bridge this gap and to create the false image that this Christian sect. as we will soon see. It is a group that convinces its converts to bring others into the fold. very. making the organization wrong instead of making a simple distinction.

Mr. I ask him to describe the first “dog”. that's nice but it isn't Jewish" has no defense when it is said from an educated Jew. and ended the interview with saying that he was no less Jewish than the Rabbis who sat opposite him. and not much of a message came out. CSWJS belief: Jesus died for our sins The Director of "Jews for Jesus". 1. but it isn't Jewish. Keep bringing the subject back to the primary point: "Yes. Brickner distinctly defined himself and his organization in Christian terms. What a Jew needs to do is to keep focusing on what Judaism is not. that's nice.” This is an unexpected answer." "That's appropriate for the non-Jew. What follows is an extract of many of the key points made by Mr. in his opening statement said: "We are Jewish people who have come to believe that Jesus is the messiah and the savior of the world. He did not try to hide the fact that they believe no differently than the Southern Baptists. “Is this Jewish?” It isn’t." "Yes. and he says “a dog. Brickner. Here is a metaphor that may drive the point home. and he say “No." "We're Jews. at the end of the debate. but it isn't Jewish" is a good response. and that's not part of our religion." Alas. “It isn’t Jewish at all!” but rather with “Maybe it isn’t Jewish. that he died and rose again to pay the penalty for our sins. Brickner stated very clearly the beliefs of CSWJS members. that's nice but it isn't Jewish. But it’s still a dog.” Just to be clear. I then point to the cup and ask what it is. I ask the person to describe the second “dog”. that didn't happen. trying to justify their position. with the exception of saying that Jews believe the same thing! Yet. but not for the Jew.” That is the expected answer. "Yes. that's nice.” I then ask if the second “dog” is the same as the first “dog”. I point to the dog and ask someone what it is. Read this and ask yourself. the listener was not left with the idea. rather than trying to focus on what Christianity is not. What was fascinating is that Mr. completely turning his back on any Jewish definition. and again he says “a dog.” I can only pray that this wasn’t the case for everyone. and he says “a brown four-legged animal. It keeps the other person on the defensive. "Yes. but in the end. Who are you to tell me that it isn’t?” This was how the interview went." .What one needs to do in such a situation is to maintain control. Let’s say that I have a dog and a cup sitting on the floor. and he says “a ceramic container with a handle.

for their belief is that . nor is the idea of some sort of self-resurrection. or “original sin” is also not a Jewish concept. “…Jesus is the messiah and the savior of the world…” The idea that the messiah will be the savior of the world. 2. The idea of us being born in sin. CSWJS belief: No one comes to G-d. shall we? “We are a Jewish people who have come to believe that…” According to public records. the soul that you have placed within me is spiritually pure. the truth and the life.” The belief that mankind needs to redeemed because we are born into sin is Christian. As we can easily see. they did not “come to believe” anything. Every morning we say as part of our prayers “My G-d. The fact that some Jews have joined these CRWJS churches does not make the churches Jewish. He quotes that “Jesus said. since the two of them have the same theological structure. Hence. “…that he died and rose again to pay the penalty for our sins. and no one comes to the Father but by me. not Jewish. These are fully Christian ideas. The reality is that they joined the CSWJS church with that belief unchanged and intact. the first part of his opening statement is clearly untrue. the typical CSWJS church is primarily made up of people who were not born Jewish and never converted to Judaism. To keep in mind the image Jesus.” The idea of someone dying to pay the penalty of the sins of the world is certainly not a Jewish concept. we are forbidden to be facing even a drawing of someone during prayer. I will be covering the idea of a Christ versus a Moshiach in more detail later on in this book. where we are told “I am HaShem. or to pray to Jesus is a violation of Torah. it was appropriate for the director to appear with the president of the Southern Baptist Theological Seminary. Since they are made up of Christians.… you are not to have [another] Elokim in my presence. is not a Jewish belief at all. your Elokim. does not consider this a problem. Bricknmer truly believes that his “Jews” who pray to Jesus are fully Jewish. while certainly a Christian concept. ‘I’m the way.’” As Jews. not Jewish one.Let’s take this apart. nor does it make the non-Jewish members Jewish. and people who were born Christian. except through Jesus Mr.” Christianity. however.

except for the fact I've embraced God 's forgiveness in the person of Jesus. There is no Jewish belief that humanity could only know forgiveness through someone's death. and because of that he could pay the penalty for our sin." Such a belief that is contrary to Judaism is considered Avodah Zorah. the Rambam wrote just the opposite in his "13 principles of faith. There is no Jewish belief that we can only know the love of G-d through someone's death. In fact. But frankly." It’s apparent that Jesus believed that there were righteous people. Brickner in an exceptionally non-Jewish manner: "Yes. There is no Jewish belief that there are no Tzaddikim. Christianity has the belief that a penalty needed to be paid for the salvation of mankind. Brickner to say that Jesus was the only righteous person who ever lived is not Jewish. the Torah calls Noach a Tzaddik. During the interview. CSWJS belief: Only accepting Jesus will save you from Hell. a “strange offering. however. I wonder if the founders of Christianity held this current Christian belief. In fact. as well as the members of CSWJS churches. In fact. This is not a Jewish belief. 3. Brickner about Hell. For in Matthew 9:11 Jesus was reported to have said.since G-d came to earth in the form of a man. absolutely. Brickner then tells the audience that not only will someone never know G-d except through Jesus. but also that Jesus was the only Tzaddik to have ever lived. CSWJS belief: Jesus was the only righteous man who ever lived. Mr. This perception." As Jews. we don’t believe that there exists or ever will exist an intermediary to whom we pray. and we can know love of G-d. Because of that. we can have forgiveness. "Jesus is only righteous person who lived on face of this earth. 4. as does Mr. "I have come for sinners and not for the righteous since they do not need me. their names are written about in many of our texts. and if Mr. Mr. Brickner would have ended up going to Hell if he had not accepted Jesus as his savior. the violation if making images of G-d is no longer in effect. As Jews. we believe that there are righteous in every generation. Christianity disputes this." . So for Mr. He wanted to know if Jews will go to Hell unless they accept Jesus. and commentators go into great detail explaining that this verse is trying to teach us. is part of the Southern Baptist belief. and that there will be none until the Moshiach comes. Brickner. the moderator asked Mr.” and is forbidden in the strongest terms.

So far. Yet the director of "Jews for Jesus" said: 4. For example.So please note: if you embrace Jesus as your person savior and surrender to him. do not read it in this manner and therefore the idea of a “suffering servant. there is this concept of a "suffering servant". Repeat after me: "Yes. saying that both the Jew and the non-Jew are Jewish. who do believe that there are messianic prophesies concerning a suffering servant who would come and suffer and die for the sins of the people. but isn’t being Jewish in the verb form. then you will go to hell. and rise again… And those of us who believe that are no less Jewish. for that cannot be severed except through a form of excommunication that hasn’t been done in centuries. that person is a Jew in the noun form. We Jews. Rabbis don’t. then you will not go to Hell. And yet those that doe believe in this manner do not pray to him. and some don't. In fact. but Christian? And those who participate with such a belief structure are Christians and not Jews. "There are some of us Jews who do believe that Jesus is the messiah. There is such a confusion of ideas that one cannot distinguish the Christian from the Jew. In short. There are sects in Judaism who believe that other people who existed were also the Moshiach. The non-Jews embrace them. there is no Jewish belief of a Moshiach who will be beaten and will need to die. who can read Hebrew. but it is to say that they are incompatible. the person is still part of a family.” which Mr. This is not to say that either way is better. we can only consider them as Baptists. can you see that everything that is being said is not Jewish. Can a Jew believe and pray to a supernatural being in person of Jesus and still be a Jew? Can a Jew commit murder and still be a Jew? The answer to both is yes. but is the foundation of Christianity. some Chassidim believe that Rebbe Schneerson of recent memory was the Moshiach. the opposite is true. who were one born into a Jewish family. Yes. is not a Jewish idea at all. but it's not a Jewish idea. But the reality of it is that when you have non-Jews enticing and deceiving Jews to act and believe like non-Jews. and Christian missionaries use their translated quotes from Isaiah to support this. If you don't. for that is not the Jewish way. Brickner brings up. . nor do they believe that he was a supernatural being." Since such a belief is non-Jewish and is fully Christian. And since these are churches funded by Southern Baptists. The Christian way is not the Jewish way. They do not believe that the Rebbe redeemed them from sin. we end up with the question: Can someone embrace the theology of another religion and still be associated with both? This is not about believing that Jesus was the Moshiach. CSWJS belief: Believing in Jesus doesn’t make anyone less Jewish In Christian theology. that's nice." Baptist ministers will often preach of Hell and eternal punishment.

but he was no longer heir to the major part of his father’s legacy." Please note the emphasis on “heritage” which means “that which is allotted to someone by reason of birth. but as a "Messianic-Jew. Christian Science or Confucianism. On a final note about this interview. Mr. Brickner did most of the talking for the Christians. most of the members have no heritage to lose.” It is a legal term (inheritance) indicating benefit based on lineage. Brickner’s comments because they are germane to my task: to demonstrate that what Jews for Jesus members believe is aligned with Christianity and not with Judaism at all. in Acts 11:26 that "the disciples" were first called Christians" while in Syria. The term "Christian" comes from the Greek word Christos. for example. No amount of disavowing will transform him into a Gentile. is still a Jew by heritage. and applauded the Baptists for their efforts on reaching out to Jews to bring them to Jesus. When the interview was over. we also read of Easu who sold his heritage for a bowl of red lentil soup to his brother Yaakov. But as I said before. San Francisco Examiner. Brickner declared that he respected the Southern Baptist Minstry. That is certainly not a Jewish perception. a leader in the Southern Baptist world who did most of the answering and presentation. I showed only Mr." or "Christ 4 Ann Landers. Brickner does not see himself as a Christian. ("Christ" or "anointed one") and indicates "Christ's followers. and what I have presented here is but a small segment. That certainly is not the Jewish way. However. 1 January 1984.4 Her response was: "A Jew who wishes to dissociate himself from Judaism and take up Catholicism. Therefore.In 1984. What is Christian? One can read in the Christian bible. No.. . In the Torah. most of the members for Jews for Jesus don’t have the heritage of a Jew. and so they focus on stealing the heritage of the unsuspecting Jew. I don’t want you to think that Mr." the ultimate oxymoron from a “Jewish-Jew” point of view. there were a great number of things spoken of. Ann Landers was asked if a Jew who converts is still a Jew. Mr. And yet. and they continue to call their organization “Jewish” for the sole purpose of deceiving real Jews. instead it was Reverend Alert Mohler Jr. There were arguments and proclamations going on back and forth. Easu was still the son of Yitzchak.

A Jew who prays to Jesus is not acting Jewish. but the gist of this is that a Messiah as held be Christianity is not a Jewish idea. but was named after the tribe of Judah. As I said earlier. it was outsiders who first called them that. They then took on that label as a permanent description. a Christ follower is a Christian. Isaac. Eventually. and each time it is used by outsiders to those who were followers of the Jesus. We do not have Smith-Christians. just as “Christian” defines the beliefs and actions of a person. and Jacob." While this translates to the same word as Moshiach. So if the members of a CSWJS church are adherents of Jesus. while “Jewish” defines his or her actions. “Jew “does not refer to the residents of the land of Judea. A Messianic-Christian is an oxymoron. “Jew” defines the person based on their heritage. and a Moshiach as held by Judaism is fully incompatible with Christianity. to the Jews. they took on the name "Christian". Even though they all translate to “anointed”. I prefer to use the term “Christ” when referring to the Christian viewpoint and Moshiach when referring to the Jewish viewpoint. there is a vast difference between the Jewish definition of a Moshiach. Jones-Christians.devotees. we will see later on that there is no real relationship between the two words. or Messiah. Christians. "the Children of Israel". You can have Greek-Christians. The early Christians called themselves an assortment of things. "the Descendents of Abraham". Roman-Christians. Israeli-Christians. or "misim". and so forth. Jews are called Jews because of our roots. even though he or she may leave the family. the “Christ. They just aren’t Jewish. Because of this one who is born a Jew is a Jew. but they never called themselves "Jews". or any other kind of Christianity that is based on a family name. There are many differences. One may leave a family. a “returning” to mitzvos and Torah. The Christian definition is supernatural in nature. However. This defines the Christian style based on the land where they consider their home. or anything like that. but according to the texts. it is there that the similarity ends.” then they are. but one may always do tshuvah. but is instead acting Christian. Because of this. while the Jewish definition is not. according to this meaning. . As I will cover later on. Yet in all of this we only find the term "Christian" three times in the Christian bible. and the Christian definition of a Christ. Or to simplify. 26:28) and another in Peter (4:16). and therefore “Christian” is a more simple and straightforward definition. no matter what their heritage. our family. they were often called "notzrim". It is a singular family with a singular belief in the G-d of Abraham. two of them in Acts (11:26. The adding of "-ian" to the end of a name to indicate an adherent was a common practice of the first century who attached the termination "-ianos" (or the plural "-ianoi") to the name of the leader or master.

but is instead being Christian. She became uncomfortable with Jesus as a deity. as we will see later on. while attempting to embrace a Judaism.For a CSWJS church to call itself “Messianic” is the same as calling itself “Christ-based” or “Christian” since the way it holds “Messiah” is fully not Jewish but is fully aligned with Christian theology. It would be like calling him or her a “Christ-Jew”. anecdotes from her friends. So in response to Mr. There is no such thing as a Messianic-Jew in this context. Jesus was not a Rabbi (there is a distinction between a Rabbi. And if someone who was educated in Christianity made this type of error. and this is the epitome of using the term “oxymoron”. imagine a Jew who knows even less of the Christian tradition. Being a Christian is fine. and acquaintances. which roughly translated means "Hey." This is a typical statement that one hears. It was obvious to me that the woman being quoted had accepted as "gospel". the convert was quoted. Brickner is a Christian (a follower of Christ) and his agenda is to make Christians out of the Jewish people. a teacher. while it may not be cultic. And Christians are not Jewish. A Common Misconception Some months after I began writing this book in early 1999. and a preacher) and. someone who supposedly knew something of her religion of birth. . it certainly is a sham. saying that Jesus was simply a great Rabbi who never claimed to be the "Son of G-d. I found a back-issue of the Chicago Jewish News. rather than from any serious form of study. a storyteller. it is a big deal. Mr. she maintained some belief about Jesus. she ended up redefining Jesus in a way that is neither Jewish nor Christian. it's not a big deal! We can believe whatever we want about Jesus and still be Jews. Here is one of the most important parts of that article: these were words by someone who converted from Christianity. Even though Mr. When she finally converted. Brickner’s claim that those who believe in Jesus are no less Jewish. And even though she was schooled in Christianity. In the article. I say that he is wrong. teachers. which contained an interview with a woman who converted from Christianity to Judaism. he did make claim to be the “Son of G-d” not just once. a prophet. Contrary to what that woman said." Well. and gradually transformed him down to human terms that she could embrace. many times! The Christian bible has Jesus contradicting this woman over and over again. Brickner may disagree. Such a person is not being Jewish. It is a deception that offends both the righteous Jews and the righteous Christians. and to have them believe that being Christian is an extension of being Jewish.

They can prove to you that according to their texts. The Missionary will tell you that believing in Jesus is essentially Jewish. made Jesus into whatever character was comfortable to her without establishing it on the actual Christian text. such a person’s vision becomes blurred and it is that type of person that the Missionary feeds upon. then don’t go where you are not comfortable. (And as we will see later on. Take the time for Torah study. and that the Torah and mitzvos are no longer relevant. you will have certainty in your voice when you say: "That's nice. . this contradicts basic Christian Theology). and that you cannot know G-d except through Jesus. So if you want to be a Christian. one of the 3 personages of the one Creator. She is not the only one who has done this. When you have a nebulous understanding. This brings us back to the article about the woman who converted to Judaism. would also disagree with her. and have reduced the object of their devotion to a mystical healing sage whose wise words deserve to be listened to. you have begun to slide down a very slippery slope. Other Jews have made Jesus into whatever they want him to be. It isn’t. If you embrace any Jewish concept and try to apply it to Jesus in order to be more comfortable with the character. then you need to embrace Jesus as the co-creator of the Universe. G-d manifested in form on this planet in order to redeem mankind from sin by being sacrificed on the cross. The foundation of Christianity is believing in the deification of Jesus. Jesus was not only the Son of G-d. but it isn't Jewish!" So long as one holds onto the idea that Jesus was anything less than an Avatar (to use a Hindu term). As I said. They don't care why you initially embrace Jesus. then Jesus can take on any traits that you are comfortable with. If you can’t do that. who embrace the pale of Christian Orthodoxy. typically denounces such offshoots. The supernatural nature of Jesus is an integral part of the Christian theology. but there can be a melding of respect for one another. from where nearly all Missionaries get their support. she.Most Evangelicals and ministers. but was also the Creator of the universe. The fundamentalist. And it is this poor understanding that Christian missionaries use to their advantage. And when a Christian missionary comes to you. This includes being aware of your vocabulary and how you relate your life to the rest of the world. Some sects of Christianity are uncomfortable with their own foundation. Therefore your the first step to thwart any Christian missionary is to get out of this deadly embrace. and a Christian who is firmly grounded in the Christian tradition. and these people are ripe for the Missionary. If you have a Jew who is firmly grounded in the Jewish position. only that you do embrace him. you will not only have something to base your answers on. I don’t know if I can drive home this one point too much: the foundation of Judaism is Torah and mitzvos. Learn about the Torah sages of Jewish history and the greatness that they embodied. there can be no melding of beliefs. like many others before her.

you can easily see the deception for what it is. And since the uneducated Jew probably knows very little about the Christian bible. we Jews know that when David wrote ‘My Lord said to my lord’ it is G-d speaking to the Messiah. and he or she will want an immediate answer. and Jews who have very little knowledge of their own religion. deception lies waiting. When a person deviates from what is acceptable. who were born Jewish. “If I touch the tree. but they cannot speak for the people they left. They can still say where they came from. their actions were contrary to Torah Judaism. I have had Missionaries deny this. Always think before you answer a deceiver. they can no longer be considered viable representatives of their community. And Missionaries use this ignorance as their foothold in order to convert Jews to Christianity. and is based on a bad translation of the text. their writings. Ignorance is darkness. For where there is ignorance. such as "Of course. and like darkness. We cannot be ignorant about this. secular Jews who send their children to secular schools. we Jews know that (put Jewish writing in here) means (put forced answer here). criminals. She said. Don't fall for these verbal traps and tricks. If you can see Jesus as a Jew with a partial education. . The Missionary answer might even sound plausible. So long as you come from the point of view that their sole purpose is to manipulate you into accepting their word as your own. the Jew is ripe for conversion. those who don't dress very Jewish. Missionaries are taught to seek out the Jews who fit the right profile. I will die”. (he had a poor grasp of Tanach and misinterpreted Hebrew verses). it causes one to mistake a statue for a person. right?” The reality is that such a verse does not mean what the Missionary is inferring. The missionaries might even "give" you answers to their own questions to “prime the pump”. There is a trap in ignorance. but we read articles about this again and again in the Jewish press.I have repeatedly heard “But Jesus was Jewish!” There are famous actors and actresses. We have learned from the Torah that the serpent was able to deceive the first woman in Eden because she made a mistake. and writers. Right?" One example is “Of course. they then take you to the next "logical" step into a very deep pit. and as a Jew who was partially observant Jew (he violated numerous mitzvos from the Torah). but he or she will present them very convincingly. but their lives. he becomes a character in a non-Jewish story that is for non-Jews. The Missionary will provide distorted translations and interpretations that are not Jewish. Just because a person is born into a culture it does not necessarily mean that they represent that culture. They don't want you to take the time to look up the actual verse in Hebrew and then ponder the question before answering. Because once you agree that their interpretation is valid.

or an act of lovingkindness. We learn from this that we must always be on our guard. then perhaps we could prevent one more Jew from falling into the clutches of the nearest CSWJS church. The mother was did not realize that she was being deceived. It all began with a misunderstanding. and then the manipulation proceeded further. especially when dealing with deceptive Missionaries. positively. If this is true for money. definitely. If they decide to embrace "Messianic Judaism". The people who heard that story felt that the daughter did the right thing. This woman believed that she needed to buy magazines in order to improve her chances to win. . as a parent you would probably step in. thinking "They're a grown-up. If you saw your child being enticed to do something contrary to what you desired. You know the mailings: where you receive a letter in the mail that says that you are absolutely. and coffee-table books. She believed that the more magazines that she subscribed to. She spent thousands of dollars and received so many magazines. The serpent proved that she would not die from touching it. They’re Grown-Ups. Why is it that when that same person is an adult. they can see the trap for themselves" or "I'm not responsible for them. She was being led in a particular direction that was not in her best interest so that the people sending her the letter would get money from her. Here is a realworld example of that: I know of an elderly woman who got caught up in the sweepstake scams. audiotapes. the better were her chances. that the postal carrier couldn't put them in the mailbox anymore. When it's someone who we cherish. does not fall under the category of chesed. It is the spiritual life of our brothers and sisters that is being trampled upon. Eventually. We need to take stock of our lives and take a real look as to what is important in our lives. that's their choice.instead of “If I eat from the tree I will die”. sometimes one's finances are given the highest priority. certainly. Aren’t They? Someone once asked me: "Why are you so concerned? These are grown-ups that you are talking about. her adult daughter stepped in and took charge of the situation. however. while one's spiritual life takes a back seat. and then you do nothing. a candidate to perhaps win a million dollars. If they were only aware that they were being deceived from the outset. we will go out of our way to be of assistance. and therefore was able to deceive her further. we are tempted to let them fall into a pit. let them take care of themselves" and do nothing? And yet we make such decisions selectively. and that these "personal" letters were phony. and the sweepstake participation stopped. right?" The idea that if you know that someone is being deceived. can we not give a greater importance when it comes to protecting one more Jewish soul? In today's society. It was the best thing for the family that someone stepped in and did something. videotapes. at the very least.

In the fall of 1999. is a compilation of an assortment of conversations that I have had with Christian missionaries. like a game of chess." And in the ad there was a coupon for a free plaque with the Birchas HaKohain printed on it. never listening to what you have to say. At other times they may be talking incessantly. Sometimes they seem caring and concerned. Missionary: And I suppose seas don't part either! G-d can do anything! . A good missionary can pop in and out of verses so fast. but they are playing through a scenario in their head. Let me illustrate with a sample conversation. Jewish organizations were appalled and wrote letters to the newspapers and to the television stations that seemed to support this kind of programming. The following dialog. Jew: Jesus was born of a virgin? There is no such concept in Judaism. point out the problems. as well as a number of modified quotes from our Tanach. The highly trained missionary If you are going to converse with a Missionary. it provided a real-world example to the Jews who were warned that what looks Jewish isn’t necessarily Kosher. But if you can stop their dance. They are extremely well prepared and well trained at their job. and forcing you into an emotional state of mind. Massive e-mail warnings immediately went out across the planet. then you can remain in charge. which resulted in them being the victims of more Missionary deception. A number of secular and Jewish publications ran large ads advertising "The Rabbi. When the show came out. a television special aimed at converting Jews was aired in several television markets. the Jew must allow the Christian missionary to define Judaism for the Jew! The Jew must discard everything that he knows in order to embrace something that is absolutely foreign. frustrating you. Any good Christian missionary has memorized many key quotes in his or her bible. and keep dragging them back to what you know. the publishers realized that they were duped. On a positive note. we don't know how many people were taken in by this act. without realizing that you've been dragged down a blind path of mismatched parts. The key idea that I want to get across to you is this: for a Christian missionary to convert a Jew. People who didn't watch the program sent in for the free plaque. while fictitious. but in pushing you blindfolded into the depths of Christianity. They are not interested in having an actual dialog. I suggest that you read this entire book first. causing it all to flow so nicely. and we don't know how many Jews believed the misquotes and the deceptive media presentation that was before them. They may ask you questions that you really don't know the answers to. The show was about a Rabbi who accepts Jesus into his life and the last half of the show contained a Christian Missionary who was speaking to the Jewish audience. But as fast as that word got out.

Jew: But Jews don't sacrifice people for redemption. Missionary: Physical blemishes only apply to animals. When you see this starting to happen. Push your feelings aside. this same information will be used against you. Missionary: Jesus was not a person.Jew: But you are saying that G-d would commit adultery. the Christian missionary will be coming from the point of view that he knows more about Judaism than you do. In a like manner. when you do not. Jew: But if Joseph wasn't the father. until the Jew falls. if you make believe that you know an answer. If you are not up to their challenge. so it wasn't adultery. He is able to quote hacked-up versus out of the Tanakh at will. then Jesus was not from the house of David. Jew: But you end up praying to an intermediary. you need to be on your guard. don't feel that you need to participate. the Jew involved in such a conversation will likely end up just as frustrated. and has studied Jewish text for the sole purpose of leading a Jew away from Torah. If you do not feel comfortable dealing with a missionary. The serpent used this misinformation to persuade her that it was totally safe. she would die. The Christian missionary will use his advantage to keep the Jew off balance and then pummel the Jew with quotes taken out of context. but once you feel that you are out of your depth. then you may want to debate them. Missionary: G-d realized that man could not fulfill all of the commandments. This is one of the most important ideas that you must always keep in mind: Don't fake an answer if you don't know it. Etcetera. walk away. Even though you are the Jew. and don't be intimidated by what you don't know! These conversations can go on and on. and reapplied Jewish meanings. when confronted by the serpent. . And like the man trying to explain that "dinosaur" doesn’t mean the same thing as “lunch”. In the Torah. so He nullified it with the sacrifice of His only son. If you are well versed in Torah. but a spiritual one. or until the Jew stops and walks away from the entire conversation. Etcetera. not to the Christ. told it that G-d had told her that if she touched the fruit of the forbidden tree. shooting verses at you like a machine gun. Jew: But Jesus violated Torah again and again! Missionary: G-d is allowed to violate His own laws. She touched the fruit and she did not die. Missionary: Mary was still in her father's house. Jew: But Torah is eternal. These missionaries have been trained to get the upper hand by having you feel intellectually inferior. something with a form. Etcetera. then by all means. Jew: But Jesus was blemished. get away from them. we read where the first woman. therefore she believed the serpent. The truth was that she was not to eat the fruit. Missionary: The prophets never meant a genetic lineage. Missionary: He only took that form on this earth. realizing that it's a complete waste of time. The person you are dealing with is a pro on manipulating people.

After a few encounters. Otherwise. It's a somewhat-honed routine designed specifically to have a Jew lower his or her guard and be ripe for their deception. [Beware. If a Jew entered a "Messianic Temple" and heard the "Sh'ma" followed by a song praising Jesus.] 5 Over the past few years. they specifically target Jews who are lacking in Jewish education. that same Jew would be very uncomfortable. They are: • • 5 6 Ariel Ministries Chosen People Ministries Talmud. To get around this confusion. lest your heart be seduced and you turn astray and serve deities of others and bow to them. They say that they still study Torah but don't seem to know the name of this week's parshah. the desire by Christian missionaries to convert Jews has grown in intensity. observance. "Messianic Jews" are not simply misguided Jews. if any. 38b Torah. The less that you know. with little. They use a lot of Yiddish words and Hebrew phrases. More than that. Tractate Sanheidrein. They tell you that they came from an Orthodox home. however. but they are organized Christian missionaries. and there's an important reason for this. In Chicago. you will discover that much of this debate is futile since a good Christian missionary will continue to redefine your terms as you use them and throw them right back at you. They can go to other Christian Universities and get ordained as Rabbis and Cantors. these "temples" will use a Hebrew name to refer to Jesus (which has no root connection to the name "Jesus") such as "Yehushua" or they may use the Hebrew word for Messiah (Moshiach) in order to validate such a contradictory use. [Rabbi Nachman said: A person who knows how to debate the non-believers like Rabbi Idid should reply to their challenge. a Missionary can go to the Moody Bible Institute and get a BA degree in Jewish Evangelism and learn how to be an effective Missionary. a Christian Missionary who calls himself a Rabbi is automatically given an air of authority. And because of this. they are committed to evangelize to the same degree as the Evangelist churches in the United States who fund these operations. And even though there is nothing Jewish about them. In reality.] 6 They have tailor-made their Christian service to look more Jewish. There are a number of sects that try to appear Jewish in order to entice the Jew. but they don't know more than the handful of words that they were taught by their teachers in order to sway the Jew to convert. Devarim 11:16 . Some of these Missionaries may seem very cordial. the better prey you become. he should not try to counter.

have gotten into the act and have become very problematic in Eretz Israel. These Missionaries are offended that some new religion was given birth by a man who taught ideas that are contrary to the Christian Bible. I think the non-Jewish term “Karma” fits in here rather nicely. Actually. a group that most fundamentalists consider being part of a cultic sect of Christianity. but literally tens of thousands of people. This is not some disorganized bunch of street-corner Christian Bible thumping screamers that we see in our city from time to time. This is something far more insidious. And their claim is that the Book of Mormon is the New-New-Testament. and even more are associated with the Assemblies of G-d. . And of the more than 200 "Messianic Temples".• • • • • Friends of Israel Hope of Israel Jews for Jesus Messianic Jewish Alliance of America Messianic Jewish Movement International And while this list is not exhaustive. approximately 1/5th of them are affiliated with Southern Baptist churches. "Messianic Jews" are really a Christian Missionaries. it should give you an idea that it isn't just a handful of zealots trying to convert Jews. So don't be fooled. the way that the CSWJS Missionary feels about Mormons is rather interesting. it supplements the original Christian Bible. It this really a place where a Jew belongs? Even the Mormons.

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in the Shoah: (1894-1942) Itel Ciss (1892-1944) Leib Ciss s”hv xhm kyht :unt Rachel Ciss (1920-1942) s”hv ivfv xhm chk :uhct Moshe Ciss (1919-1941) s”hv ivfv chk . in the Shoah: Sarah Tiegerman (1888-1942) Miriam Tiegerman-Bielinka (1910-1942) s”hv .c vra :vnt and s”hv ovrct . . the Tiegermans.okug rfzk The JEWS FOR JUDAISM edition of THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries is dedicated by Nison Ciss in loving memory of Helena Ciss (1925-1999) v”g ovrct .c kvr :u.ujt May their souls be bound up in the bond of everlasting life.ujt Eliezer Ciss (1921-1941) s”hv ivfv chk ic van :uhjt Shmuel Ciss (1923-1941) s”hv ivfv chk ic rzghkt :uhjt Zalman Ciss (1933-1942) s”hv ivfv chk ic ktuna :uhjt Chaim Ciss (1935-1942) s”hv ivfv chk ic inkz :uhjt s”hv ivfv chk ic ohhj uhjt Mordechai (Motel) Ciss (1894-1941) s”hv ivfv xhm hfsrn :usus and members of his wife’s family. ohhjv rurmc vrurm o.xuh . who perished at the hands of the Nazis.c tebtkc :v.ujt Blanca Tiegerman (1926-1927) v”g ovrct .nab tv.c ktbhha vph :u.c ohrn :v.at Sheridan Louis Ciss (1952-1987) v”g ivfv ixhb ic rzghkt ktuna :ubc and his family. who perished at the hands of the Nazis.

Aryeh Kaplan ® Together we’re stronger Published by JEWS FOR JUDAISM 2795 Bathurst St. without permission in writing from the copyright owner.org www. May be downloaded for free as a PDF from www. (NCSY) New Edition Copyright © 1985 by NCSY Jews for Judaism Edition Copyright © 2004 by the Orthodox Union (OU) and NCSY in cooperation with Jews for Judaism. NY 10004. All rights reserved.org This edition is printed with permission from the Orthodox Union and NCSY. 11 Broadway. photocopying or scanning. New York. including digital. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form or by any means. PO Box 41032 Toronto. • Phone (212) 563-4000 • www. ON Canada M6B 4J6 Phone: (905) 761-0040 Fax: (905) 761-0070 E-mail: toronto@jewsforjudaism.org .jewsforjudaism.jewsforjudaism.org Copyright © 1976 by National Conference of Synagogue Youth.ou..

E. Berel Wein WAS JESUS THE MESSIAH? LET’S EXAMINE THE FACTS! Pinchas Stolper 27 33 37 41 52 JESUS AND THE BIBLE Aryeh Kaplan BEHOLD THE MAN: THE REAL JESUS Aryeh Kaplan THE REAL MESSIAH Aryeh Kaplan MY WAY BACK — A GIRL’S STORY as told to Aryeh Kaplan ADDENDUM: JEWS FOR JUDAISM THE RESPONSE TO AN URGENT NEED JEWS FOR JUDAISM PROGRAMS AND SERVICES WHAT THEY’RE SAYING ABOUT JEWS FOR JUDAISM 55 56 58 .THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries CONTENTS A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO THE MISSIONARY PROBLEM WHY AREN’T WE CHRISTIANS? Aryeh Kaplan 1 3 7 14 20 WHEN A JEW BECOMES A CHRISTIAN Aryeh Kaplan FROM MESSIAH TO CHRIST Aryeh Kaplan ECUMENICISM AND DIALOGUE — 1263 C.

Even if you win—you lose. as Jews. Our essential obligation is to shore up our Jewishness.” This is an indispensable step. Until the actual situation in the community has been established.” The style of the missionaries is likely to be cool and affable. Some missionary groups appeal specifically to Jews with the specious notion that those joining them are thereby “completed” or “fulfilled” as Jews. one can make a number of seemingly logical moves which.” or some brief and definitive equivalent. Do not be drawn into this utterly fruitless exercise. We must strive. this merely serves to surround them with an aura of martyrdom. Fact-finding is a “must. When they come smiling to the door. invite a person who is in search of religious values to a Shabbaton. in an attempt to respond to a missionary challenge. There are tens of millions of non-practicing Christians in this country who are better targets for their efforts. I’m not interested.A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO THE MISSIONARY PROBLEM Very often. play directly into the hands of the missionaries. 4) Do not debate. do not invite missionaries or their followers to address meetings under Jewish auspices. do not lend credence or dignity to their efforts at soul snatching. 7) Get the facts. to our loss. Conversion to Christianity or any other faith is an abandonment of Judaism. Spend your time learning. to restore erring individuals to their own faith and community. 3) Missionaries are usually closed-minded fanatics. 1 A PRACTICAL GUIDE TO THE MISSIONARY PROBLEM 1) You will not win hearts to Torah by trying to convince people that the claims of Christianity are false. Missionaries often seek to engage Jews in public discussion. teaching and explaining the meaning of the Torah and its Mitzvos. If they can’t handle your objection. respond politely—firmly but with no recrimination—“No. being . in fact. Better still. Such hospitality only gives the missionary cause institutional dignity and legitimacy. Therefore. with loving concern. Let the truth and beauty of Torah and its way of life restore people to the right path. a number of Jewish communal leaders have prepared these guidelines for dealing on the spot with missionaries and their followers. 6) Do not lose your “cool. This is patently incompatible with Jewish tradition and conviction. almost memorized answers. planning cannot proceed intelligently. dialogue or argue with missionaries. Above all. Are Jews. thanks. They are trained to respond to your arguments with pat. and still another point. 5) Do not be taken in by the “Jewish Christian” ploy. do not publicly attack or abuse the missionaries. 2) Do not argue with missionaries. On the other hand. or to your home for Shabbat. Emulate it. they will deflect it by raising another.

Make no prejudgments on these matters. Only then will it be possible to reach out to them and to share the needed knowledge and understanding with others to be trained for further intensive outreach. The Jesus Movement is very complex.2 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries missionized? By whom. or youth organizations. and the readiness of young people to challenge any traditional accepted values. providing a Jewish setting in which they can relax. and what they are seeking. Unfortunately those who are confused Jewishly and troubled personally will not always avail themselves of the programs conducted in synagogues. These areas demand our greatest scrutiny and innovative planning. meet other Jewish youth. 10) Create opportunities for youth participation. Such programs are consistent with the long range goals of reaching youth. “Crash programs. appropriate literature. Set up a task force of peer-to-peer as well as adult resource people with some forte or expertise in this area. prayer meetings. exploiting the unsettled state that marks the adolescent years particularly in these times. Additional ways need to be developed for reaching out with approaches that truly enable young people to shape the content. deliberately using a peer-group approach. utilizing informal settings such as storefronts and coffee houses. from what centers or sources? In what settings and by what means—in schools. Experimentation with innovative and creative approaches to opening channels of participation by our youth must be given high priority.” counter-crusades. (c) Very carefully study at first hand the needs of those Jewish young people who are flirting with or have been drawn into other religious movements. home study groups. responsive and skillful people —including members of their own peer-groups. (d) With equal care plan how to offer a positive Jewish response to their need and search. including those programs that are regarded by them as not controlled by the “establishment. “drop-in” centers. 9) Focus on the teenager. Our caution against overreaction bears repeating here. directions and policies of the programs in which they participate. . Assuming the fact-gathering process indicates a problem requiring action: (a) Survey the available resources—knowledgeable and experienced personnel. sensitive. Not only college students. or resort to gimmickry must be avoided. but those in the high schools and even in the junior high schools must be deemed vulnerable. suitable facilities. “shmoos” and talk seriously with warm. bookmobiles? 8) Plan strategy and approaches. providing opportunity for “rapping” and for making contacts with other youth. (b) Priority should go to marshalling individuals—young and old. through coffee houses.” Some recently initiated youth and teen programs reflect this approach. Many missionaries may concentrate on teenagers. via the communications media.

was a disciple of the great Talmudist Rabbi Gamliel. Paul converted to Christianity. was written primarily to further the cause of Christianity. What was their motivation? Why did we never give in to the missionaries? WHY AREN’T WE CHRISTIANS? By Aryeh Kaplan e hear quite a bit today about a movement called “Jews for Jesus. Paul. Our own sources. and it is therefore impossible to separate the historical person of Jesus from the “Christ” required by early Christian theology. And for the same period of time. remember that most people drawn to the missionaries have never experienced real Torah living—just suggest “before you go to the gentiles. we find a marked change in the teachings of his followers. This book. Saul. and for just as long. His teachings are recorded in his Epistles. however. they have never changed. Soon after the death of Jesus. a book written by and for the early Christian church. which form the second part of the New Testament. still reject these teachings in the most emphatic terms. we must look at the origin of Christian beliefs. and. In a dramatic incident on the road to Damascus. W . record very little about Jesus’ life. For almost two thousand years. and later became one of its foremost leaders.” But follow through by making positive Torah experiences available to them. however. the Christians have been trying to win over the Jew. or as he was earlier known. why not see what our own tradition has to offer. however. he claimed to have spoken to him in spirit. and Rabbi Akiba. around the same time as many of our greatest Talmudic sages. Christian missionaries have been trying to convince the Jew to accept their beliefs. a generation after. Everything that we know about him is found in the Gospels of the New Testament. many of the distinctive doctrines of Christianity were first proclaimed. Christianity as we know it began during this period in the work of Paul of Tarsus. Under Paul’s leadership. 3 For almost 2. and he began his career by actively opposing the early Christians. the Jew has resisted. The great Hillel lived just a generation earlier. The vast majority of Jews.WHY AREN’T WE CHRISTIANS? Most of all.” A small number of Jews seem to be finding the teachings of Christianity very attractive. But why? Why don’t we accept Jesus? In short: Why aren’t we Christians? In order to understand this. The ones who resisted most strongly were those who sought G-d with the most fervor. Although he had never seen Jesus alive. Jesus lived as a Jew. the Jew has resisted all such overtures. for the most part. Christianity began with a Jew.000 years.

4) There is only one law now that Christ has come. 2) Man is evil and sinful. All mankind is damned because of Adam’s sin. but they were rejected when they refused to accept His son. It is enough to state these articles of Christian faith to see why the Jews could not accept them. the Bible clearly states that His covenant with them will be forever. since its many commandments make it too difficult to keep. Taking them one by one. it teaches that man can rise above it. The Prophets predicted a world of peace and love after the Messiah’s coming. Man might not be able to perfect himself. but it was for this reason that G-d gave us the Torah. 3) The Jews were originally G-d’s chosen people. Only these share G-d’s love. and for this. universal knowledge and . One must follow the example of Christ’s sacrifice. and like any son. and that is love. Any true belief in G-d must lead a person to also follow His commandments. is no longer carried by the Jew. Love alone is not enough. Furthermore. 2) Although the Torah does speak of Adam’s sin. any talk of the Messiah as being the “son of G-d” is totally unacceptable. 3) It is impossible to imagine that G-d would ever reject the Jewish people. Everyone else is damned in hell. the Bible says that the Torah was given forever.4 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries Among Paul’s major teachings. and patiently hope that G-d will be gracious in return. for one must know how to express it. Jesus. The Messianic promise included such things as perfect peace and unity among men. It is therefore impossible to say that it has been replaced by a new law or testament. we see no evidence that Jesus was indeed the Messiah expected by Israel. but by those who accept Jesus as the Messiah. He is also the Son of G-d. The Torah cannot save man. we need the Torah as a guide. is essentially the same as his Father. Love is only one of the Torah’s commandments. It is absurd to think that G-d would give a Torah that was impossible or too difficult to follow. the Jewish viewpoint would be: 1) Jesus could not have been the Messiah. love and truth. In no place does Judaism teach that one can be saved from damnation by mere belief. In many places. In no place do the Prophets say that he will be anything more than a remarkable leader and teacher.” G-d’s chosen people. we find the following: 1) Jesus was the Messiah or Christ predicted by the Prophets of the Bible and awaited by the Jews. and good deeds are its necessary expression. The only thing that can prevent man’s utter damnation in hell is the belief in Christ. The name “Israel. Why do we believe these ideas rather than the ones expressed by Paul and Christianity? For one thing. 4) In many places. and this certainly does not exist today.

Christianity. The Jew begins with this opportunity. idolatry. But there is also another more important issue at stake than the mere identity of the Messiah. “How can I serve G-d? How can I keep His commandments?” The central focus of Judaism is obeying the commandments of the Torah. while Judaism starts with the exact opposite idea. both in himself and in others. The Jew therefore believes that the Messiah is yet to come. Christianity teaches that Jesus was also G-d in human form. as well as the end of all evil. it is because man is evil and has not truly accepted Jesus and his teachings.” He expects the Messiah to complete his mission in his first attempt. The Jew. Christianity teaches that man is so evil that he can never really serve G-d. believes that man can come close to G-d by obeying Him and keeping His commandments. begins with the basic assumption that man is depraved and sinful. and must therefore do something to be saved from it. The only thing that can save man is his utter despair in his own sinfulness. on the other hand. We disagree with Christianity not only with regard to belief. Christianity thus starts with one idea about man. The only thing that man can do is believe in Christ and wait for salvation. The Jew refuses to accept the excuse that the major prophecies concerning the Messiah will only be fulfilled in a “second coming. None of these things have been fulfilled by Christianity. Left to himself. but also with regard to what man must do. The Christian answer to this is the simple assertion that all things have indeed changed by the coming of Jesus. The first question that the Christian asks is. The Jew sees this as a totally mistaken idea about G-d. the Messiah or Christ will have to return in order to prove his victory. He is naturally involved in evil.” He therefore does not have to go very far to discover the divine. this question is almost meaningless. There is always the opportunity to awaken the divine in oneself by obeying G-d’s commandments. Christianity tends to deny that man’s actions are ultimately very useful. Judaism starts with the idea that man is created in the “likeness of G-d. “What have you done to be saved?” To the Jew. and total dependence on G-d. The Torah is too difficult for man. on the other hand. We look at man and see his greatness. man is utterly damned. for he can obey these commandments and fulfill G-d’s will. falsehood and hatred. Thus. The Jew replies that the very fact that G-d Himself gave us commandments and told us to obey them teaches us that we can indeed serve G-d and fulfill His will. This is not the Jewish way of thinking at all. It makes G-d too small.WHY AREN’T WE CHRISTIANS? 5 undisturbed happiness. it diminishes both His unity and His divinity. The Jew asks. for in stating that He can assume human form. If the change is not visible. . It is unthinkable that G-d would give His people a Torah if it were impossible to keep it.

The Jew rejected these two dogmas.6 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries Although all of Jesus’ disciples were Jews. It may have constantly appealed to the Jews to convert. The early dogmas of Christianity seemed closer to those of the pagan gentiles than to those of the Jews. they could not convince their fellow Jews of their teachings. but the Jew stood firm. it was to the non-Jewish world. . He believed with perfect faith that G-d had shown him the way. It is for this reason that throughout the centuries. and he had no intention of ever leaving it. The Jew stood by his Torah and walked his own way. Christianity may have changed human history. sometimes even resorting to cruelty and force. There was nothing in all the teachings of Jesus that would have added even one iota to the strength of the Torah. Christianity taught that G-d had assumed human form in Jesus. and that the Torah no longer mattered. Christianity was rejected by the Jews and accepted by the gentiles. It thus gradually developed into a gentile church. More and more. the Jew has found it impossible to accept the teachings of Christianity. The Jew knew that his Torah provided him with a unique relationship with G-d. In essence. Judaism therefore did not reject anything that it needed spiritually. even under pain of death. In rejecting Christianity. and its attitude toward the Jews became more and more unfriendly. Everything that he saw in Christianity seemed to contradict this relationship. there were two Christian teachings that the Jew could never accept. but it could never win over the Jews. If Christianity made any contribution at all.

can Judaism provide you with that dimension you are seeking. in our generation. He taught and preached to Jews.WHEN A JEW BECOMES A CHRISTIAN 7 For the Jew. Here. Let us begin by examining the basic beliefs of Christianity. You admit that deep down you realize that there is a spiritual dimension missing from your life. Jesus. the fundamental doctrines of Christianity are: . some enlightened Christian leaders have called for an end to such active missionary activity. However. Beside its basic creed that Jesus was the Messiah.” Before you know it. You strike up a conversation. He sympathizes and tells you the reason why Judaism does not fulfill this need is because you have left out an essential ingredient. we explore the Halachic consequences of a Jew who embraces Christianity. he is asking you how you feel about your Jewishness. Then he gives you the punch line: What you need is Jesus. WHEN A JEW BECOMES A CHRISTIAN By Aryeh Kaplan T he sign shouts. For the past two thousand years. “Jews for Jesus!” You look at the sign and wonder what’s going on. This is a central goal of their religion.—one of the “Jews for Jesus. He tells you that to be a true Jew you must believe in Jesus. when Jesus’ very own people refused to accept him? To get the Jews to accept Jesus is therefore one of their most important goals. “So what’s that terrible? At worst I’ll be believing in a false Messiah. Only then. Christians have been trying to convert Jews to their beliefs. so he says. Christianity has altered many of the most fundamental concepts of Judaism. these leaders are ignored by the growing missionary “cult. Your curiosity is aroused. Yet. the central object of their belief. How can Christians justify their belief. You might admit that you find your Judaism spiritually unfulfilling. Sadly enough. accepting Christianity involved much more than merely accepting a false Messiah. Do not be deceived. he was rejected by them. You both agree that the typical liberal synagogue in which you grew up seemed to offer everything but a religious experience. was a Jew. Aside from its belief in Jesus as the Messiah. He tells you that he is a Jewish Christian. You might have heard of them or read about them in the papers.” But you might ask. and speak to one of these strange people. You decide to find out more about it. What do I have to lose?” The truth is that you have a lot to lose.

The Bible states (Deut. So early Christian missionaries compromised with these pagans by introducing the Trinity. bound daily next to a Jew’s heart and mind. The Father is the one who created the world. the Son. it is also a form of idolatry. Creator of all things. They are the first thing a Jew learns as a child and the last words he utters before he dies. “Hear O Israel. Everyone must go through Jesus. and teach all nations. . the Son. 6:4). Christians claim that this three-part god that they worship is the same as the G-d worshiped by the Jews.1 Jesus himself alluded to the doctrine of the Trinity.5 The three-part God of Christianity is not the G-d of Judaism. and the Holy Ghost.” 2 This belief in a three-part god is a basic doctrine of Christianity. the second part of the godhead. came down to earth in human form in the person of Jesus. But for the Jew it is a regression. representing a step backwards towards idolatry. A basic foundation of most Christian sects is belief in the Trinity. proclaiming this most basic principle of Judaism. They are again found in the Tefillin. Even if a Jew worships the highest angel. Even many contemporary Christian scholars see the Trinity as the result of pagan influence on Christianity. and the Holy Ghost. Although Christianity began among Jews.8 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries The Trinity: According to most Christians. Mediation: According to their creed. Christianity teaches that G-d consists of three persons. These pagans believed in an entire pantheon of gods. This is not true. It was just too much for them to give up all these gods in favor of the One True G-d. The Incarnation: Christians believe that the Son. Anyone who worships anything else is guilty of idolatry. the Father. Let us carefully examine these beliefs. the L-rd is our G-d. and of the Holy Ghost.” Twice every day. the L-rd is One. Christianity may very well be a variation of idolatry. “Go ye therefore. G-d consists of three persons. a sort of three-in-one god. baptizing them in the name of the Father. in the Jewish view. no man can approach G-d directly.3 Idolatry does not necessarily mean worshipping a god of stone or wood. Worship of any three-part god by a Jew is nothing less than a form of idolatry. The Gospel of Matthew tells us that his final words to his disciples was.4 G-d is the infinite One. and of the Son. This might represent an improvement for the pagan. it was rapidly adopted by the pagans of the ancient world. the Father. the Son is the one who redeems man. On every Jewish doorpost there is a Mezuzah proclaiming these words. the Son. and the Holy Ghost is the member of the godhead that speaks to the prophets. Therefore. the believing Jew cries out these words.

” 9 “He that hath seen me hath seen the Father. God of God. then this belief originated with Jesus himself. According to this doctrine. Many Christian historians attribute it to the early Christians who were attempting to win over pagans to their new religion. 25:24) “The whole earth is filled with his glory.” (Deut. the only-begotten Son of God. If we accept the testimony of the Gospels. then. By whom all things were made. but when missionaries are spreading lies about Judaism. Jesus said: “All things that the Father (i. copulated with mortals.” 7 “For the Father judgeth no man. The missionaries and “Jews for Jesus” do not tell you about this. that of the Incarnation.” 8 “I and the Father are one.e. And he became flesh by the Holy Spirit of the Virgin Mary: and was made man.” (Psalms 145:3) . Jesus Christ. and I work. Light of Light. says G-d. Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven. that all men should honor the Son.WHEN A JEW BECOMES A CHRISTIAN 9 This might not seem to be in the Jewish spirit of never attacking other faiths. that the L-rd is G-d. They wait until you have fallen into their net. In it. it is time to unmask these lies. not made. and therefore adopted this pagan concept. and lay it in your heart.” Christians really believe that Jesus was G-d. even as they honor the Father. recited every Sunday in most churches.” 10 From these quotes. but hath committed all judgment unto the Son.” 6 “My father worketh hitherto. true God of true God. in the heavens above and on the earth below. G-d) hath are mine. It is best expressed in the Nicene Creed.” (Jer. G-d in the person of the Son assumed human form in the person of Jesus. of one substance with the Father. But what does the Bible say about the unity of G-d? It says: “Know this day. the Christian declares: “I believe in one Lord. Let us now examine a second basic belief of Christianity. The pagan gods came down in human form. His greatness is unfathomable. If belief in the Trinity is idolatry. Begotten. 4:39) “Do I not fill heaven and earth. Among other things. it seems obvious that Jesus himself claimed to be G-d. and this is one of the most fundamental beliefs of Christianity. and bore human children. there is none else. But this is one of the most basic beliefs of Christianity. from the Jewish point of view. Indeed. highly praised. several contemporary Christian leaders have denounced the missionaries who prey on Jews. this concept is perhaps even more objectionable.” (Isa. Born of the Father before all ages. 6:3) “Great is G-d.

or Confucius.” When G-d says “Before Me. to the Jew. the height of absurdity. It did not begin with any individual. from the house of slavery. One who sets up a mediator between G-d and man is guilty of violating this Commandment. “Unto you it was shown. “I am the way. then he was advocating idolatry. Almost without exception. Out of heaven He made you hear His voice. If this is true. The opening statement of the Ten Commandments teaches us that this is also idolatry. “G-d is not a mortal that He should lie.13 If a man believes in G-d. that He might instruct you.” G-d does not suddenly decide to visit the earth in a human body. 4:35). “I am the L-rd your G-d. Judaism is the one exception to this.” . Only G-d. And once G-d speaks. even if You believe in G-d as well.10 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries G-d is the Ultimate. there is none else besides Him. “If a man claims to be G-d. To say that any man was G-d is. no man cometh unto the Father but by me. or Lao-tze. speaking to an entire nation could reveal a true religion. he is a liar!” 11 The third basic belief of Christianity is that of Mediation. The Bible says (Deut. A G-d who fills and sustains all creation does not have to visit our planet in human form. Who brought you out of the Land of Egypt. G-d is infinite and all-knowing. the world’s religions begin with a single individual. Our most basic beliefs were taught by G-d Himself at Sinai. the Infinite. nor a man. He does not “change His mind.” or revise the truths He proclaimed as absolute and eternal. To say that He needs a mediator to hear our prayers is to deny His infinite wisdom.” Here again. The Ten Commandments begin with the words. You shall have no other gods before Me. This states that man cannot approach G-d except through Jesus.” 12 This Christian doctrine goes against the very opening statement of the Ten Commandments. or Buddha. that you might know. that the L-rd is G-d. He openly said. This individual gradually gathers a following. The Jerusalem Talmud flatly states the Jewish view. or Mohammed. and the life. that He should change His mind. But from the beginning the entire foundation rests on a single individual. If Jesus actually made these statements recorded in the Gospel. the All Powerful Creator of all things. The Bible says (Numbers 23:19). with himself as the deity. rabbi or teacher? Judaism is unique among the religions of the world. is there any wonder that Jews never accepted him either as prophet. it was Jesus himself who is alleged to have proclaimed this doctrine.” He is stressing that you should not believe in any other deity. then why should he need any other deity? But a person might think that G-d is so high as to be unapproachable without a mediator. All prayer must be in the name of “Jesus Christ our Lord. either through “miracles” or through sheer charisma. An entire nation stood at the foot of Mount Sinai and heard G-d introduce Himself. be he Jesus. the truth.

16 He can no longer even be counted as part of a Jewish congregation. Their first act was to round up all the Jews to the central synagogue and burn them to death.14 Even if he continues to keep all the rituals. and he calls on you.” The truth is that one who falls into their net is eternally cast away from before his G-d. . no matter how many wonders he pulls out of a hat. saying. Along with murder and incest. “Whoever accepts idolatry. G-d has already warned us. and let us worship them. It was this sword used by the Spanish Inquisition.” G-d Himself was warning us about movements like Christianity. we do not pay any heed to them. he cannot change this basic principle. For G-d is testing you. This brings us back to our original question. it is the same as if he abandoned Judaism completely.” but he is no longer a Jew. millions of Jews were given this choice: The Cross or death. A Jew must give his life rather than embrace Christianity. and one who accepts it rejects the very essence of Judaism.18 The missionaries tell you. but the sword.WHEN A JEW BECOMES A CHRISTIAN 11 No matter how many miracles a prophet might produce. when they tortured Jews to death in the name of “Christian Love.” 20 It was this sword that the Crusaders used to wipe out hundreds of Jewish communities in the name of Jesus.’ You shall not listen to that prophet or dreamer. it is one of the three cardinal sins which may not be violated even under pain of death. or a dreamer.” 15 A Jew who accepts Christianity might call himself a “Jewish Christian. he is a false prophet.17 Conversion to another faith is an act of religious treason. G-d warned us about this in the Bible (Deut. they chose death. The missionaries now come and preach love and peace. “Believe in Jesus and be saved. Christianity negates the fundamentals of Jewish faith. Invariably. Throughout our history. and he gives you a sign or a miracle.” Remember all this when the “Jews for Jesus” speak of peace and love. whom you have not known. 13:2): “If there arise among you a prophet. And the sign or miracle comes to pass. It was this sword that they used when they entered Jerusalem in 1215. What can a Jew lose by embracing Christianity? The answer is: Everything. If a man tells us to commit idolatry. I come not to send peace.19 This is not mere rhetoric. the Jew. ‘Let us go after other gods. It is one of the worst possible sins that a Jew can commit. But Jesus himself said. The Talmud teaches us. Even if all the miracles recorded in the Gospel were true. “Think not that I come to send peace on earth. denies the entire Torah. to see whether you love the L-rd your G-d with all your heart and with all your soul.

You may never have been exposed to the true depths of Judaism. and confess Your Name. and must be repented as such. and try to describe it to you. You might have been turned off by the pseudo-intellectual substitutes offered by certain “liberal” rabbis. You must see it to appreciate it.” (Ezek. I can describe the most delicious fruit. then You will hear in Heaven. But they should also arouse your pity. The same is true of Judaism.” You must actually live Torah Judaism to appreciate its beauty and . that G-d is good. then you need Torah Judaism all the more. But until you open your eyes and see it for yourself. “That every man shall return from his way. and I will forgive him. 33:19). He can still return to Judaism and be reaccepted by G-d. xxx But what about the Jew who has embraced Christianity? What about the one who has already taken Jesus as his “savior. 33:11). 34) Even a Jew who has embraced another religion is given a second chance. But it is there. But you must taste it to appreciate it. For they are in an inherent paradox. He need not be formally “converted” back to Judaism. and pray .” (1 Kings 8:33. my words are in vain. and millions of Jews are inspired by it. A Jew for Jesus is a contradiction in terms. I have no pleasure in the death of the wicked. happy is the man who embraces Him..” Is he eternally cut off from Judaism? Is he lost without hope of redemption? Is he totally cut off from his people and his G-d? Judaism teaches that there is always hope. Our sages teach us that keeping the Sabbath is particularly effective for such atonement.” (Jer. The Bible tells us (Ps. “When the wicked turns from his sin.. but a definite commitment is in order. No matter how far one strays from G-d and Torah he is always accepted back. but that they turn from their way and live. 34:9). devoid of religious experience. he shall live thereby.” (Ibid. I can gaze at a beautiful sunset. and does what is lawful and right. and forgive their sin.21 Christianity for a Jew is a form of idolatry.12 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries These “Jews for Jesus” may arouse your curiosity. 36:3) “If they return to You. The Bible says: “As I live. says G-d.22 xxx If you find your life spiritually empty. “Taste and see. He must completely disavow Christianity for all time and commit himself totally and without reservation to Judaism.

10:30. 20) Matthew 10:34. Cf. Turey Zahav Ibid. 6) John 16:14.” Yoreh Deah 268:12 in Hagah. 5:17. 11:28.. Moreh Nevuchim 1:50. 5:22. Yad. Tshuvah 3:7. Cf. Tshuvos Shaar Ephraim 24. Avos DeRabbi Nathan 8:8. 7) Ibid. on Yad. 16) Yad. 4) Yad. 10) Ibid. 9) Ibid. 12) John 14:6. Magen Avraham 325:8. Cf. Tshuvos Meil Tzedakah 22. Cf. xxx Notes: 1) Nicene Creed. 11) Yerushalmi. See Nimukey Yosef. Horios 8a. 2:5. Chasam Sofer on Orech Chaim 156:1. Orech Chaim 242. Moreh Nevuchim 3:15. 14:9. 2) Matthew 28:19. Avodas Kochavim 1. Beginning of Maamar Techiyas Ha-Mesim (Rambam). 21) It is recommended that such a penitent undergo the ritual of immersion like a convert. Eshel Avraham 55:4. 51. 8) Ibid. cit. 267:5. Only when you immerse yourself in it totally will you discover its full spiritual dimension. 5) Kesef Mishneh. Avodas Kochavim 2:1. Avodas Kochavim 2:4. All quotations are from the King James Version. Luke 12:49. 15:22 and Deut. 18) Sanhedrin 74a. 15) Sifri on Num. Taanis 2:1 (91). 19) Tshuvos Rivash 4. Yesodei HaTorah 1:6. 14) Ibid. Tur. 22) Shabbos 118b. 11. Rif 16b “Kedusnav.WHEN A JEW BECOMES A CHRISTIAN 13 wisdom. 13) Yad. 17) Pri Megadim. loc. Tshuvos Rabbi Yosef ben Lev 1:15. 3) Emunos VeDeyos 2:5-7. Lechem Mishneh. Yebamos. .

the Messiah has a most important mission. It is most important to know these differences. and slay the wicked with the breath of his lips. strong in wisdom. counsel and might. justice and harmony. and moral perfection to the entire world. he will only open his mouth for peace. of course. Although Christians claim that Jesus was the Messiah of the Jews. Christ is really just another word for Messiah. It is a concept that is repeated again and again throughout the length and breadth of Jewish literature. The most famous. There have been many people in Jewish history who have claimed to be this Messiah. Thus. He is born of ordinary human parents. The Prophet (Isaiah 11:4) goes on to say that the Messiah will. FROM MESSIAH TO CHRIST By Aryeh Kaplan B elief in the coming of the Messiah has always been a fundamental part of Judaism.” He has a special feeling for justice. When Jesus failed to accomplish this. Along with this.” The Greek word for “anointed” is Christos. and make it a place of peace. love. The Jewish Messiah The Jewish concept of the Messiah is that which is clearly developed by the prophets of the Bible. knowledge and the fear of G-d. As described by the Prophet (Isaiah 11:2). He is a leader of the Jews. as the Talmud put it (Sanhedrin 93b). namely to bring the world back to G-d. .” He can virtually sense a man’s innocence or guilt. for example.” Evil and tyranny will not be able to stand up before the Messiah. This. Still. or. Mashiach—the Hebrew word for Messiah—literally means the “anointed. and the way the Christian does. he “smells and judges. prosperity. he will bring eternal peace. in turn. was Jesus. Maimonides counts the belief in the Messiah as one of the thirteen cardinal principles of Judaism. power and spirit. Our Sages therefore teach us (Derech Eretz Zuta:1): “When the Messiah is revealed to Israel. the Messiah is “full of wisdom and understanding. It is thus written (Isaiah 52:7). The Jewish Messiah is truly human in origin. His followers therefore gave him the title Christ. and thus. there are a number of important differences between the way the Jew looks at the Messiah. “smite the tyrant with the rod of his mouth.14 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries To the Jew. the early Christians had to radically alter the very concept of the Messiah. It is he who will bring complete redemption to the Jewish people. the Messiah is primarily a king of peace. both spiritually and physically. and is of flesh and blood like all mortals. transformed Christianity from another Jewish Messianic sect into a religion that is quite alien to many basic Jewish teachings.

Ultimately. but. “Let all creatures bow before You. He is a human being. The redemption of Israel must therefore precede that of the rest of mankind. and as such. will be eliminated. The ultimate promise. suffering. There will be an “ingathering of the exiles. he will also redeem the entire world from evil. in a sense. must be crowned with the highest virtues that mortal man can attain. and man’s sins against G-d. the Jewish people will dwell freely in their land.” We find a very similar thought in the High Holy Day Amidah. consisting of flesh and blood like all mortals. This will eventually bring all nations to acknowledge the G-d of Israel and accept the truth of His teachings. however. All forms of warfare and strife between nations will also vanish in the Messianic age. He will redeem man from servitude.” when all Jews return to Israel. Although the Messiah may achieve the upper limit of human perfection. Mankind will thus be perfected. where we pray. The redemption of the Jew is closely linked to the emancipation of all humanity as well as the destruction of evil and tyranny. May they form a single band to do Your will with a perfect heart. as well as his transgression against fellow man. There will be great material prosperity in the world. he is still human. the Jewish Messiah will bring all peoples to G-d. which concludes all three daily services: “May the world be perfected under the kingdom of the Almighty. is not limited to Israel alone. suffering. In the Messianic age. The kingdom of the Jewish Messiah is definitely “of this world. Oppression. and let them all accept the yoke of Your kingdom. the finest of the human race. war and all forms of godlessness will be abolished..” Judaism is a religion based on a people serving G-d. It is the first step in man’s return to G-d. where he can enjoy the fruits of the earth without toil. Let everyone on earth know that every knee must bow to You . exiled and persecuted people. returning them to their own land and restoring their status. ruler over all nations. oppression and his own evil. Most important.” The Jewish Messiah will thus have the task of perfecting the world. In doing so. redemption comes from G-d alone.. This is expressed most clearly in the Alenu prayer. The Messiah will thus not only be king over Israel. He is. and the Messiah is only an instrument in His hands. however. Let all humans call upon Your Name and turn all the world’s evildoers to You.’” The first task of the Messiah is to redeem Israel from exile and servitude. and man will be restored to an Eden-like existence. where all mankind will be united into “a single .FROM MESSIAH TO CHRIST 15 ‘How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of the messenger who announces peace. Before G-d redeems the world. It is from the Jew that G-d’s teachings emanate to all humanity. He must redeem His oppressed.

and. and only then redeem the rest of the world. How could the career of Jesus be reconciled with the glorious picture of the Messiah as taught by the Prophets of Israel? The early Christians faced this dilemma. His redemption had to be given a new meaning. but only spiritual. Although the Messiah may occupy a central place in this “Kingdom of Heaven. in justifying Jesus as the Messiah.” 3) Jesus had been scourged and humiliated like a common rebel. 1) Jesus was totally unsuccessful in redeeming the Jews politically. the name “Christ” comes from Christos. If we look in these sources. that he had only preached repentance and good . but only to redeem him from spiritual evil. 2) Once the Messiah’s mission was redefined. The Jews had one major objection to the Christian Messiah. we find a gradual transition. and therefore the early Christians could no longer look upon this as the task of the Messiah. and even more so in the Epistles of Paul. but spiritual evil is worldwide. the Greek word for Messiah. Its very name indicates that Christianity is completely based on the personality of the Messiah. Instead. At first. As mentioned earlier. The Messiah of the Jew progressively becomes transformed into the Christ of the Christian. however. radically altered the entire concept. They therefore taught that his mission was not to redeem man from political oppression. The early Christians therefore began to teach that Jesus had come to redeem the whole world. he had been scourged and humiliated like a common rebel. in brief is the concept of the Jewish Messiah. This position can only belong to G-d Himself. This is the “Kingdom of the Almighty” in the Messianic Age. They rejected the view that he would come to redeem the Jewish people and their land first. The Christians are thus those who make the person of the Messiah central to their teachings. it could also be expanded. The first major difference between the Jews and early Christians was that the Christians believed that the Messiah had already come. and that was the fact that he had been unsuccessful.” he is still not the primary figure. and Jesus had failed to accomplish this. The Messiah’s reign is therefore universal. This. The Christian Messiah The primary figure in Christianity is its Messiah. These new Messianic ideas were developed in the writing of John. This can be traced in a series of logical steps. His followers felt. Judaism had always taught that the Messiah would redeem Israel in a political sense. The kingdom of Jesus is thus “not of this world. this was the main point of controversy. Political oppression was a special problem of the Jews. while the Jews believed that he was yet to come. and finally crucified along with two ordinary thieves.16 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries band” to fulfill G-d’s purpose.

that of the Resurrection of the Dead. he had to be related to G-d in some special way. Therefore. how could the career of the Redeemer end in such a shameful death? The story had to be given a sequel. 6) During his lifetime. Since his will was so uniquely related to that of G-d. Such an epilogue was found in another traditional Jewish belief. suffering. Israel. and therefore could not be a common rebel. humiliated and crucified had to be the will of G-d. sin.FROM MESSIAH TO CHRIST 17 works. Had there not been suffering and death before this? Why did Christ himself have to suffer and die? What sin was so great that it required his sacrifice? The early Christians answered that this was required to atone for the sin of Adam. The Greeks already had legends about men who had been fathered by gods who had visited mortal human . death and the powers of Satan only by the blood of Christ. this was a common poetic expression. The Messiah of the Christians therefore willingly went to a disgraceful and painful death in order that humanity might be redeemed from this “original sin. The only thing that could eliminate it was the death of Jesus. another question remained. For the pagan gentiles. what purpose could there be in his suffering and death? For this. But still. The only answer could be that he suffered and died because of the sins of mankind. and therefore. or even with ordinary human suffering. They were then faced with an important and difficult question. the early Christians claimed that it referred to Jesus. namely. that he was the first one to do so. there could only be one answer. all inherit his sin. however. where the Prophet speaks of G-d’s suffering servant. Support for this belief was found in the 53rd chapter of Isaiah.” Instead of interpreting it to refer to the persecuted people. and one that is still used in Jewish prayers.” For the Jews. then why did G-d allow him to undergo such frightful suffering? Why was he subjected to crucifixion. But the question was still not completely answered. and furthermore. This “original sin” cannot be erased with good works. the early Christians found a most ingenious solution. If Jesus did not sin. 5) Jesus’ followers could not bring themselves to say that G-d had forced this suffering and death upon His Messiah. The fact that Jesus was scourged. If Jesus was the true Messiah. But how could a mere mortal undertake such suffering? The early Christians replied that Jesus was not a mere mortal. the most painful and shameful death of all? Why did G-d not save him from all this? For his followers. they had to say that the will of the Messiah was exactly the same as the will of G-d. The early Christians therefore taught that Jesus had risen from the dead. Jesus often spoke of G-d as “my Father in Heaven. even when it came to his crucifixion. All mankind is descended from Adam. it had a much more literal connotation. 4) But still the question remained.” Mankind is therefore redeemed from evil. who “bore the sin of many. Therefore Jesus was not mortal like other men.

Why should Jesus be any less? They therefore interpreted his poetic expression quite literally. “The Father. the Son. He is G-d and man at the same time. The powers of darkness will thus be eliminated.18 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries women. Jesus is the mediator between G-d and man.” Jesus therefore became G-d-man—one person with two natures. It is only after this judgment that Satan will be conquered.” He had also spoken of (Matthew 28:19). Legends like these had even sprung up about such eminent men as Plato. to mean that he had an actual genetic relationship with G-d. while those who did not will be eternally damned to hell. sin will vanish. there were many Messianic prophecies that Jesus had failed to fulfill. all prayer must be addressed to Jesus. and Jesus. The only reason why it was needed at all was to atone for the sin of Adam. is what the early Christians did to the Jewish concept of the Messiah. The Messiah ceased to be a mere man.” Jesus was not susceptible to sin or even death.” 7) Still.” will judge every man who has ever lived. As the “son of G-d. and passed beyond the limits of mortality.” even higher than the angels. and the kingdom of heaven established.” At first. They taught that man cannot redeem himself from sin. This was the millennium or “thousand year kingdom. clothed in the form of the Messiah. Jesus was credited with such statements as (John 10:30). had to freely shed his own blood to redeem mankind. and prayed that they would see it in their lifetime. Pythagoras. and therefore G-d.” In this sense. meanwhile. and Alexander the Great. and the Holy Ghost. after a thousand years passed and Jesus still had not returned. and death will pass away. having taken his seat at the “right hand of his Father. His followers taught that Jesus was resurrected for eternity and ascended to heaven. Christians therefore soon found themselves speaking of Mary as the “mother of G-d. .” conceived when the Holy Ghost visited Mary. they postponed his “second coming” to an indefinite time. The Christian therefore concludes every prayer “in the name of Jesus Christ our Lord. Christians expected that this “second coming” would come very shortly. Evil will then end. Since Jesus did not fulfill the most important Messianic prophecies. they began to hope that it would come a thousand years after Jesus’ death.” Finally. Those who believed in him will be delivered. The early Christians therefore taught that he would return to the world again in a “second coming. in essence. 8) In this world. “I and the Father are one. The death of Jesus was therefore only temporary. Jesus therefore became the “son of G-d.” The Day of Judgment will then occur. When their prayer was not answered. This was the first step toward the deification of Jesus. and it was not very difficult for the pagan world to take the second step. they expected him to return to complete this task in a “second coming.” It was easy for the paganized Christians to look at the three as equal and identify Jesus with the “Son. There he sits at the “right hand of G-d. xxx This.

changing texts. Thus. the strongest refutation of Christianity was the fact that Judaism itself remained alive and vital. He believes that the Messiah is yet to come. First of all. did much more than argue this point with words. on the other hand. This. the truth will become known and the Jew will be justified before all the world. Indeed. In many cases. with little hope of growth or success. Even such a basic concept as G-d’s unity was threatened by their teachings. The Jews. Even if the evidence of Jesus’ Messiahship were more concrete. compounded with the pagan influence in the early church. . was the fact that the Christians had logically developed their belief in Jesus in such a manner that they radically altered many of the most basic Jewish beliefs. some of the best refutations of these “proofs” may be found in contemporary Christian Bible commentaries. Jesus’ lack of success appeared to repudiate it. its logical consequences would have to be rejected. Thus.” since it was not even hinted at in Biblical literature. The Jews were furthermore unconvinced by the answer of the “second coming. The “spiritual kingdom” did not in any way fulfill these prophecies. and that their entire logical structure was in accord with ancient Jewish teachings. They went over the entire Bible with a fine tooth comb. well supported in the teachings of the Prophets. first of all. Most important. The early Christians tried to justify their contention by finding hints of it in the Jewish scriptures. that the Messiah would bring about major changes in the world. Jewish Reaction It is not very difficult to understand why the Jews totally rejected the contentions of Christianity. They refuted it by embarking upon one of the most creative periods in their history.” and looked upon the Jews as utterly rejected by G-d. however. The entire scope of Talmudic literature was developed essentially during early post-Christian times. looking for any evidence however flimsy. in order to prove their point. the Jew found absolutely no evidence to support Jesus’ claim to having been the Messiah. and that at that time. One needs no further evidence than the fact that most modern Christian Bible scholars totally reject almost all the “proofs” of the early Christians. they were not above using verses out of context. The Jew has found that he can both exist and flourish without accepting Christian beliefs. gave birth to a Messianic concept totally alien to Judaism. the Jews had a tradition. Christianity tried to set itself up as the new “Israel. On the other hand. It therefore taught that Judaism was a corrupt and dying religion. and even mistranslating them. to the Jew. to prove that Jesus was the Messiah.FROM MESSIAH TO CHRIST 19 We therefore see that the early Christians were forced to radically alter the Jewish concept of the Messiah in order to explain Jesus’ failure. Even more important.

For here are our modern-day problems. the groundwork for it was laid by the “ecumenical” movement. Secondly. lends a certain quality of hollowness to the dialogue. once again. not to have the cooperation and blessing of the traditional Jew. The main bridge that the Church hopes to use in expanding a positive relationship with the Jewish people. ECUMENICISM AND DIALOGUE–1263 C. meaningful change. dangerous precedents. particularly in the United States. and the spirit of Christian dominance of the civilized world was wafted in the air. It will be the attempt . and bitterness poured out on an ancient canvas and curiously. the agencies representing the Conservative. however.E. and. Nachmanides). whose participation. (The exception of Orthodoxy is notable for two reasons. it is one of the few policy decisions that all of Orthodoxy is in accord with. In so doing. and preserved by both Jewish and non-Jewish sources. And even though the position of the Catholic Church vis-a-vis Jews and Judaism has yet to show any substantive. one senses yet the grandeur and terror of that moment in Barcelona and a feeling of immediacy and relevancy overtakes the reader of that record. for the Jew. does have ancient and. in the non-Jewish world.) However. “Ecumenicism”. Orthodoxy’s position is disturbing to both the Christian and non-orthodox Jewish participants. First. James I of Aragon sat on the throne of northern Spain. The most famous example of an exchange of this order is the debate that took place in the city of Barcelona. Unlike Orthodox Jewry. the Church has struck a responsive chord in certain Jewish circles. in the year 1263. disputes. the new methodology of the Church regarding the treatment of the problem of the people of Israel has begun to emerge. The Church is now much interested to foster open public discussion between Jews and Christians of the differences and similarities of the two major religions of Western man. albeit in a different environment and under other circumstances. is that of the open forum or dialogue. By Berel Wein T he winds of change that Vatican II unloosed into the Christian world are beginning to be felt. would give such an exchange real substance. the positions of the antagonists have changed very little in the seven centuries that have since swept by. the idea of a “dialogue” between Jews and Christians is not a 20th Century thought but was already explored centuries ago.20 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries Although the Jews for Jesus movement is a relatively recent development in its present form. but in the record of that dialogue written by Rabbi Mosheh ben Nachman (commonly called the Ramban. Reform and secular wings of Jewry have committed themselves to participation in this dialogue. particularly here in the United States. differences. Spain. Seven hundred and four years have passed since then. all feel.

and Jewish scholarship was no longer publicly reviled. to convince James to order a public debate regarding the proofs from the Talmud as to the veracity of Christianity. On the 20th of July in 1263. 21 of this article to reflect some of the thoughts and words of this debate and thereby emphasize that the cascading dash to dialogue may perhaps be merely the foolish pursuit of an unattainable and ephemeral illusion. the Dominican friars of Spain.ECUMENICISM AND DIALOGUE—1263 C. This new approach was spearheaded by an apostate Jew who had become a leader in the Catholic church of Aragon. The burden of defending the Talmud and the Jews fell upon the venerable shoulders of one of the greatest of all Talmudists. When this coercion had little or no effect on the Jews or on their reverence for the Talmud. then as now changes were being felt in the structure of the Roman Catholic Church. and the Talmud was found guilty of stating calumnies against Christianity and cartloads of Talmudic manuscripts were burned by the order of Louis IX of France. . this dialogue began. No longer was the Talmud criticized. particularly in Spain. and/or convert the Jews in Aragon. In 1254. benefiting by the lesson of their French colleagues. and generally did nothing to interfere with the Jews’ ability to practice and worship in the tradition of their fathers. The shock of this debate was to leave scars on the memories of both protagonists which have lasted to this day. appointed Jews to vital governmental positions. he goaded Raymond. the king’s confessor. From 1228 to 1250. not from Christian or other non-Jewish sources. The Dominican confessor to James I. where the “Holy Office” of the Inquisition was to reach dominance. a series of anti-Jewish economic edicts were issued by the king which helped foster a climate of anti-Jewish feeling in the land. The reforms in the church initiated by Innocent III and continued by Gregory IX reached Spain and rested in the province of Aragon. a friend of the Jews. Raymond de Penaforte. He encouraged Jewish emigration to those lands. changed their strategy. The reason for this was ingeniously simple—the truth of Christianity would now be proven. persecute. but rather from the Talmud and the Midrosh themselves! It was their obstructionism that prevented the Jews from seeing the light of Christianity emanating from their own holy books. though actual debating sessions occupied only four days of this time. Rabbi Mosheh ben Nachman. Because of his zeal to convert his fellow Jews. was noted for his zeal to punish. as medieval monarchs went. the famous trial of the Talmud in Paris occurred. it was rather extolled.1 However. The Midrosh now became an accepted source book of accurate portrayals. at the Court of James I of Aragon. who was destined to reign 63 years over the province of Aragon. Pablo Christiani. It was to last until the 31st of July. he consistently displayed a tolerance and sympathy towards the Jewish residents of those countries. The Historical Background James I.E. was. and his influence over the king was notable. During the period of his reconquest of Catalonia and Aragon from the Moors.

and for the majority of the debate is not the defendant or apologist but rather presses home his criticism and disbelief of Christian concepts and principles. At the outset. Mosheh ben Nachman insisted that he be granted the right of free speech throughout the debate. Jew meets Gentile as equal.22 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries The Debate The record of the debate that forms the basis for this article is one written by one of the protagonists himself—the Ramban. for we are all Talmudic Jews . It was the presence of this guarantee that made this medieval debate in reality a modern one wherein both sides speak their minds without intimidation. they and their children and their disciples unto this very day. and was not his countryman as were our forefathers?” Here the Ramban puts into awful clarity the basic point of contention between . and that he was a man and a god. it presents a picture of the debate and a record of the polemics as seen and heard by the Ramban. Rabbi Mosheh ben Nachman summarized one main historical argument against the acceptance of Christianity by the Jews of Aragon and. how should we accept the word of our king (James I).. as you are trying to impute from their words. who evidently understands their words better than they (and themselves convert)?” His argument resounds through the halls of time—the classic answer of Jewish tradition: “If our forefathers. Such an open debate was a rarity in Christian Europe until our own times.4 For here. died after the destruction of the Temple .. and knew him.. And they are the ones who have taught us the faith of Judaism. Rav Ashi. how then did they themselves remain faithful to the religion and practices of the Jews? For they lived and died as Jews. who witnessed Jesus. and because of this right. who himself has no first-hand knowledge of Jesus.) And the Rabbis of the Talmud. in so doing.E. did not hearken unto him. he attempted to entirely avoid the necessity of debating Talmudic or Midrashic references to Jesus. This right was guaranteed to him by the king. lived almost 400 years after the Temple’s destruction. Later events proved to the Ramban how costly the exercise of this freedom would prove to him personally. and the editor of the Talmud. saw his works. the Ramban at all times spoke boldly.. I would presume to state that this freedom of expression is what uniquely characterizes and ennobles this discussion and precludes any comparison with the earlier debate of Rabbi Yechiel of Paris3 or the later encounter at Tortossa. and openly. and not merely a mortal man alone. perhaps for the only time in the annals of medieval Christian European history. And if they believed in Jesus. why did they not behave as Friar Paul (Pablo Christiani). If it would be true that the wise men of the Talmud believed in Jesus and in the truth of his religion. But is it not a well known fact that the incidents and events of Jesus occurred at the time of the Second Temple and that he was born and died before the destruction of that Temple? (70 C. such as Rabbi Akiva and his colleagues.2 Written in a clear and lucid Hebrew style. “It has been proposed to me that the wise men of the Talmud themselves believed that Jesus was the Messiah. incisively.

or. poverty. How hard it would be for you. When I serve my Creator under your sovereign rule. as we call it today. “Listen to me. my king. the entire world is full of robbery and pillaging. when there will be . in exile.5 and therefore no proofs could be deduced from them. he said that even if he granted their accuracy. The Ramban stated that he did not consider himself bound by the “agadoth” of the Talmud.ECUMENICISM AND DIALOGUE—1263 C. the Western world. 23 Jews and Christians. His strength in swimming in the sea of the Talmud easily refuted his antagonists who were not nearly as erudite in the subject matter as he. The current Vatican schema on the Jews remains unclear as to whether Christianity has yet come to grips with this fact. my great King. However. and the Christians have spilled more blood than any of the other nations. “Does not the prophet say regarding the Messiah ‘that he shall reign from sea to sea and from the river to the ends of the earth’ (Psalms 72:8)—and has not your empire (the Roman empire).? And from the days of Jesus till now. they in no way agreed with Christian thought or belief. For it does not yet specify the cause of the Jew’s affirmation of the one and denial of the other—it merely hopes through better social relations to soften. oppression and humiliated by the nations that constantly insult us..E. my reward for this service is indeed great: For I bring forth a voluntary sacrifice to G-d of my own being. The Ramban further stated that the basic dispute between Christianity and Judaism is not regarding the messianic mission of Jesus himself as much as it is regarding the entire Christian concept of Divinity and belief. rule over a greater empire than yours? And does not the prophet also say that at the time of Messiah ‘they shall not teach their friends war. to survive if there would be an end to warfare!” This indictment of the status of the Christian. The Dominicans were not deterred from their purpose by the Ramban’s onslaught.6 for you are more valuable to me than the Messiah. They brought numerous passages from Talmudic and Midrashic literature to prove the truth of their faith. is even sharper in our time when over fifty million people have been destroyed by war in the past century alone. and they are also sexually immoral.” said the Ramban. The stubbornness of the Jew stems not from his “perfidy” but rather from the fact that he is convinced of the truth of his own belief and not the slightest convinced of the truth of Christian belief. You are a Gentile king and he is a king of Israel. that affirmation and denial. “Our contention and judgment with you is not primarily concerning the Messiah. for the Messiah will only be flesh and blood as you are. if not to reverse. You are a king and he is a king. my master. However. declined since it accepted Christianity? Do not your enemies. and when all of the economies of the great powers of the world rest on a foundation of defense spending and war preparation.. and through this shall I merit a greater portion of the world to come. And he used every opportunity to return to the offensive against his opponents. the Moslems. etc’? (Jeremiah 31:33) and is it not written (Isaiah 11:9) that then ‘the world shall be full of knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea’. and for your knights.

which Scripture nowhere records.” He told the king that “you believe this bitter thing regarding divinity (the Virgin Birth and the concept of the trinity) because you are born a Christian. and therefore if it was ordered that they be mortal and die. There are many punishments mentioned in regard to Adam and Eve—the earth was cursed. and let him return and report to us! G-d forbid that the righteous should be punished in Hell for the sin of the first man. Adam. but if you wish to discuss the concept of Messiah. The punishments that accrue to mankind because of the sin of Adam were physical. has yet to appear. and you have been indoctrinated your entire life by priests who have filled your mind and marrow with this belief. My body is given to me by my father and mother. and you now accept its . because this is the kernel of our disagreement. even of his ancestors themselves. the soul of man. the main dispute and disagreement between the Christians and the Jews is in that you have some very sorry beliefs regarding the essence of Divinity itself. and I shall not be punished by the damnation of my soul because of the sins of that Pharaoh. and that woman shall suffer the pain and travail of childbirth. unless he himself continues in their evil ways. the son of Christian parents. However. then I shall be involuntarily compelled to retain my faith in the Torah of the Jews. for this is the one matter which no one can disprove. even since the advent of your messiah. that man shall return to the dust. Both Pablo and King James asserted that all men had been condemned to Hell because of the original sin of Adam. but that the advent of belief in Jesus had released man from this state of eternal damnation. which is given to him by the Eternal Creator. To this the Ramban retorted with bitter irony: “In our province we have a saying— He who wishes to lie should be sure that the witnesses to the transaction are far away.” But. bodily punishments. for such is the law of nature. he stated. thorns and thistles shall grow therefrom. and anything tangible that can be evidenced. The Ramban thereupon entered into a theological disputation regarding the theories of the Virgin Birth and the Trinity.” He stated that “your words (regarding the Talmud and the Messiah) are therefore for naught. I will bow to your wishes. But the curse of damnation to Hell. For my soul is as equally related to the soul of the wicked Pharaoh as to the soul of my father. who shall rule over all the nations. as the alleviation of any of these conditions. is not damned because of the sins of others. Send from your midst someone. All of these conditions yet exist to this day. and therefore my reward shall not be as great (as it is now). The question of Original Sin was also touched upon in this debate. man shall earn his bread by the sweat of his brow. so will their children forever be mortal and die. this is the punishment which you say was relieved (by Jesus coming).24 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries a king of Israel. He proved them not to be Jewish in origin and that therefore “the mind of no Jew could understand or accept them.” Thus did the Ramban emphasize clearly that the fundamental differences between Judaism and Christianity are not those of detail and history but rather those of definition and understanding of the nature of Divinity and His relation to man. abiding by my Torah.

responsible and responsive to his faith and tradition. calling on the assembled Jews to convert to Christianity. Both Jew and Christian would profit by a study of that record from Barcelona before plunging headlong into any new dialogue or ecumenical discussion. has ever presented our case. In his old age. The issues and the world itself has changed little from the days of James I of Aragon. I do not believe that the case for Jews and Judaism can be better stated. To our very day. though being wrong.ECUMENICISM AND DIALOGUE—1263 C. compassion and truth. by basis of habit alone. evidently as reimbursement for his expenses. apparently out of fear of rioting by fanatical mobs stirred up by emotional sermons of certain Dominican friars. angered by the Ramban’s successful defense. has yet made an excellent presentation of his position.” His criticism of these tenets of the Roman Catholic faith placed in sharp focus the reason for the Jew’s refusal to accept Christianity from its very onset. Its notion of G-d was. It was only the deceitful friars who distorted the teachings of the Talmud. Conclusion The importance of this encounter between the Jews and the Christian world is not to be minimized. but the king recessed it.E. turned their wrath against him personally. than the manner in which it is reflected in the words of Rabbi Mosheh ben Nachman.9 The Dominicans.” Mosheh ben Nachman remained in Barcelona for over a week. He was sentenced to temporary exile from Aragon and had to pay a fine for speaking blasphemy. no other Jewish religious leader of the caliber of the Ramban. Nothing has yet occurred to change this status either for the Jew or the Christian. and was present for a sermon in the Synagogue on the following Sabbath delivered by a Dominican priest.” 8 The Ramban also notes that he received a gift of three hundred coins from James. in the presence of King James. The Debate ended rather abruptly. Rabbi Mosheh ben Nachman emigrated to the Land of Israel in the year 1267 and on its holy soil he expired shortly thereafter.7 The king himself took an active part in the debate and one is struck by the fairness and tolerance of James I. The Ramban states that “I departed from [the king] with great affection. 25 truth. Those who presume to speak for Judaism in today’s dialogues would do well to read the record of this dialogue seven centuries ago. foreign to Jewish tradition and logic. Neither has the people of Israel. who. It was never formally closed. It would be many centuries before Jews dared to speak so openly to their Christian fellow countrymen about the fundamental differences that separate them. . broken by the ordeal of his persecution and by a vision of the sorrows that would yet befall the Jews in Spain. He is quoted by the Ramban as having told him that “I have yet to see such a man as you. and is. with as much candor.

who have advised me not to speak evil against their religion. Let the nations proclaim His majesty and awe. thrills. yet we still believe in our redemption (the Messiah). Give Forth Honor. 153. one of the leaders of the school of the Tosafists. because it is a well known truth among those of great stature in Torah and prophecy. Tales—are the parables and traditional legends of the Talmud—usually with a moral or ethical message woven into their fabric. That is Sinai. “A History of the Jews in Christian Spain. . 3) Rabbi Yechiel of Paris. has been a matter of conjecture among Jewish scholars for considerable time. Cleanse yourselves. beauty. 138-147. who though not being a legal advocate. before Louis IX of Paris in 1254. 4) Tortossa was the locale of a series of debates carried on by many Jewish Rabbis. Also see the Vikuach Haramban where the Ramban himself makes mention of the “preachers who stir up the mob and bring terror to the world. 2) Vikuach Haramban—Found in Otzar Havikuchim by J. that “even if we admit to ourselves that our sins and those of our fathers are so enormous that all hope of comforting us be lost. Also the Jews of this sector reported that they were told to warn me not to continue to do so. The term “Agadah” is used in contradistinction to “Halochah” which is the law or legal system of Torah. Hebrew Publishing Society. where His flock saw. pp. I. “The Torah of G-d Is Perfect. 1915 and Kithvey Haramban by Rabbi Charles D.” 7) Baer.” Volume I. All of His wonders. O ye nations and states Raise up your son. 6) See Rabbi Chavel’s note in his Kithvey Ramban. the glory of G-d that dwelled upon it.26 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries The mountain of His holiness. Lord. Joshua Halorki. entitled. The voice of the Red Sea.” 9) The Ramban himself delivered a sermon-lecture in rebuttal. Whether or not the Ramban’s point in this connection was actually his belief. a Jewish apostate.” a copy of which is printed in the Kithvey Haramban mentioned in note 2 above. Chavel. give glory and honor to the Lord! 10 Notes: 1) Yitzhak Baer. has yet made an excellent presentation of his position. Vol. defended the Talmud against the accusations of Nicholas Donin. History of the Jews in Christian Spain. which ended in disaster for the Jewish cause. and our salvation from Hell. 1963.” written by the Ramban in honor of the Pesach festival.” 8) An alternative reading of this statement in the Hebrew original is: “I have yet to see such a man as you. or was merely a tactic used for this discussion. p. never ending. 10) The last stanza of a poem “From Thy Hand. miracles. for the ultimate reward to which we look forward is only in the world to come—the pleasure of our soul in Paradise. foremost among them being Rabbi Yoseph Albo. and of many great priests and knights of the king’s court. Eisenstein. His Holy Temple standing on the heights of eternal hills. 5) The Agadoth—literally. wherein he quotes the statement of the Ramban in the Sefer Hageulah. in the years 1413-1414. D. Mosad Horav Kook. and that our exile will last till eternity—all of this will still not damage our belief in the fundamental precepts (of our Torah). against Dominican Theologians and a Jewish apostate.

Christians then attempt to prove this belief by quoting our Bible. while you remain a loyal Jew. nor a man born of supernatural or virgin birth. the Messiah of the Jews.” In view of the confusion created by the many false claims of missionary groups. as the Christians claim. decided to divorce her . Jews must be armed with the facts to substantiate our conviction that everything Christians claim for Jesus as the Jewish Messiah is false. The New Testament (the Christian Bible) admits as much when it says (Matthew 1. accept Jesus as your “Messiah. To the Jewish mind. Jews believe that G-d alone is to be worshiped. In fact. is not that he is the Christian Messiah. saint. the very idea that G-d would plant a seed in a woman is unnecessary and unnatural. The following few “items” will point out some of the glaring discrepancies and inconsistencies in the missionaries’ arguments: Item: The Jewish Messiah is to be a human being born naturally to husband and wife. but our Messiah. This idea is to be found only in pagan mythology. “remain a Jew. 27 WAS JESUS THE MESSIAH? LET’S EXAMINE THE FACTS By Pinchas Stolper I f Christians merely believed that Jesus was their messiah. or even the Messiah himself.—however. however. virgins never give birth anywhere in the Bible. this belief would be of little concern to us as Jews. is that he did not fulfill even one of the important prophecies. not a being who is His creation. the Messiah foretold by the Jewish Prophets. being a just man. He is not to be a god. The truth. After all. Nowhere does the Bible predict that the Messiah will be born to a virgin. “Then Joseph her (Mary’s) husband. The very idea that G-d would take on human form is repulsive to Jews because it contradicts our concept of G-d as being above and beyond the limitations of the human body and situation.—what is accomplished by this claim? What positive purpose does it serve? The claim that Mary did not have natural relations with her husband must have made the Jews of that time suspect her of wrongdoing. Their claim. Certain Christian missionary groups have now set up a front organization called “Jews for Jesus. “Don’t become a Christian. be he angel. Nowhere does our Bible say that the Messiah would be a god or G-d-like.WAS JESUS THE MESSIAH? LET’S EXAMINE THE FACTS The Missionaries claim that Jesus fulfilled all the prophecies pertaining to the Messiah.19).” through which they entice naive Jews to Christianity with an old and discredited argument. and not willing to shame her in public. however.” they will argue. All the things that he fulfilled were in reality quite trivial.

“For My House will become the House of Prayer for all the Nations. Item: During the time of the Messiah. The world will be filled with the knowledge of G-d as the waters cover the seas” (Isaiah 11.20). and a large part of the world continued to worship idols.28 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries quietly.” (Jeremiah 50. the Messiah has not yet come. Item: The Jewish Bible says that the Messiah will redeem Israel. at the end of which he was crucified by the Romans as a common criminal.” (Ezekiel 36. The Prophet says. Christianity broke up into many conflicting sects which were constantly at war with each other. Soon after the time of Jesus.6) says that “G-d will circumcise your heart and the heart of your children to love G-d. On the contrary. Item: During the time of the Messiah a new spirit will rule the world. this will especially apply to the Jews. 21). prophecy will return to the Jewish people and the presence of G-d will dwell amongst us. Even today the world is far from the worship of one G-d. Item: The Jewish Messiah is expected to return the Jews to their land. Item: When the true Messiah comes.” The whole idea of virgin birth serves no purpose.” This has obviously not yet taken place. Islam developed and became the religion of the Arabs and many other nations.” The Prophets taught: “And your people are all righteous. The Torah (in Deuteronomy 30. Not long after his death. all the nations of the world will unite to acknowledge and worship the one true G-d. Item: The true Messiah is to reign as King of the Jews. as the “Dark Ages” overtook the world. except to attract pagans to Christianity. (Ezekiel . He could not restore them to their land because they were still living in it! Item: The true Messiah is to rebuild the Temple in Jerusalem—but Jesus lived while the Temple was still standing. and the Jews went into exile to begin a 1900 year long night of persecution. He never functioned as anything but a wandering preacher and “faith healer. Jesus’ career as described in the New Testament lasted all of three years. “I will give you a new heart and a new spirit—and you will obey my laws and commandments and do them.21). he held no official position or exercised any rule of any kind. before they had gone into exile.9). Jerusalem was laid to waste. Jesus was born while the Jews still lived in their land. — largely at the hands of the followers of this self-styled “Messiah”! Item: The Prophets in the Bible foretold (Isaiah 45 and Zafania 3) that when the Messiah comes.” certainly. Nothing of this nature took place following the death of Jesus. ignorance of G-d and even ignorance of science and philosophy filled the earth. “In that day I will seek the sins of Israel and there will be none. the very opposite took place. the Holy Temple in Jerusalem was destroyed. they will inherit the earth forever. In the case of Jesus. his influence will extend over all peoples who will worship G-d at the Temple in Jerusalem. and. therefore. “The knowledge of G-d will fill the earth.” (Isaiah 60. and man will cease committing sins and crimes.

I say to you. This is but one of many mistranslations or forced translations. why did this take place in secret and not in the presence of his “thousands” of devotees? Item: Jesus claimed that he did not intend to change the Laws of Moses. However.”) Honest Christian scholars now acknowledge that this is “a pious fraud” and now (see the new Protestant “Revised Standard Version” of the Bible) translate the word correctly. with no foundation in the Bible. The Prophet Isaiah (2. Whoever then breaks one of the least of these commandments and teaches men so.27).000 years have passed and still nothing has been accomplished. Item: The New Testament itself claims that the prophecies concerning the Messiah were to be realized in Jesus’ own generation.” 2. if G-d was Jesus’ “father. too.” The idea of a second coming is a pure rationalization of Jesus’ failure to function in any way as a messiah. Item: The Bible says that the Messiah would be descended in a direct line from King David. shall be called least in . “Truthfully I say unto you that this generation shall not pass till all these things be done.” Yet.4) says. or to fulfill any of the prophecies of the Torah or the Prophets. neither shall they learn war any more. In the time of the Messiah.” is it not somewhat ridiculous to claim that he is descended from King David on his father’s side? Item: Why do some Missionaries insist on distorting the meaning of the words of the prophets in order to substantiate their claims? (An example: the Hebrew term in Isaiah “almah” which means a “young woman” is mistranslated as “virgin. will pass from the Law until all is accomplished. Jesus is quoted as saying that “The Kingdom of Heaven is at hand. not an iota. “And they shall beat their swords into plow shares and their spears into pruning hooks. “Forgive them Father. “And after that I will pour my spirit on all of mankind and your sons and daughters will prophesy. I have come not to abolish them but to fulfill them. Item: One of the Messiah’s major tasks is to bring peace to the entire world. For truly. not a dot. and return again in a “second coming. and wars have been going on almost non-stop since the time of Jesus up to and including today. Christian nations are very war-like. Nation shall not lift up sword against nation. Item: Nowhere does the Jewish Bible say that the Messiah would come once.” These predictions. Mark (13.” Why do some Christians insist on persecuting the Jews if Jesus himself gave instructions to forgive them? But further—if his rising from the dead was so crucial to demonstrate who he was. be killed. Item: While on the cross Jesus is quoted as saying. The idea is purely a Christian invention. are yet to be fulfilled.” In Matthew 4.WAS JESUS THE MESSIAH? LET’S EXAMINE THE FACTS 29 37. till heaven and earth pass away. for they (the Jews) know not what they do. there are to be no more wars.30) clearly says.—“Think not that I have come to abolish the Law (Torah) and the Prophets. and the manufacture of arms will cease.

” (Matthew 5). If the Torah is eternal and Jesus himself claims to have no intention of abolishing or changing it. Later on. for you were strangers in the land of Egypt”. while his followers eventually abolished or changed nearly all of them. (“Father.. He cannot “become flesh”. almost all of whom were poorly . or even take it seriously? Item: The many Christian statements about G-d being “Love” have been borrowed from the Jewish Bible and the Jewish religion. And even the Christians acknowledge that the Jewish Bible is the word of G-d. rejected his claim? Why was there not one man of learning. He cannot suffer. nor one prominent leader who accepted him? Item: If Jesus was the Messiah. why did the overwhelming majority of his own people.” Do you know of any Christian nations that live by this impractical ethic.”—these festivals are pagan in origin. Certainly no “G-d” or “Son of G-d” could have called out on the cross. without one exception. as Jesus is supposed to have said. Jesus nowhere requests that the Biblical festivals no longer be observed.. the Jews living at that time. Among many such quotations from our Torah are: “Love thy neighbor as thyself”. my G-d. “My G-d. He cannot die. and Holy Ghost”) These are pagan notions. why have you abandoned me?” If he was G-d’s son. why do the Christians celebrate the Sabbath on Sunday when G-d clearly calls the Saturday-Sabbath an Eternal Covenant? Why do Christians eat pig when the Torah forbids it? What reason can Christians give for not celebrating Rosh Hashana and Yom Kippur which are clearly spelled out in the Torah? This same argument applies to hundreds of other Torah laws that are ignored by Christians. above and beyond time. he would at least have said. Sukkos and Shavuos are clearly spoken of in the Bible.” Item: If Jesus was really the Messiah. “Love the stranger. On top of which. Item: Christians teach the philosophy of “turning the other cheek” and “loving your enemy. “And you shall love the L-rd thy G-d with all your heart and with all your soul and with all your might. Christmas and Easter are not mentioned in either the Jewish Bible or the Christian “New Testament. G-d cannot be born. the Torah itself clearly states in many places that its laws are eternal. never to be abolished. “My father . why does the New Testament admit that all the rabbis of the time. But Pesach.” how can Christians explain the silence and indifference of the Church and most Christian nations while six million Jews were being gassed and burned by the Germans? Why the stone-like silence during the Six Day War? Where was Christian love during the Spanish Inquisition and the hundreds of pogroms inspired by priests and monks? Item: Judaism believes that G-d is eternal. reject him? Why did his followers consist of a handful of people. Son. adapted for Christian use.30 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries the Kingdom of Heaven. However. On the other hand. he himself abrogated some of the laws. nor can He be divided into sections.” If G-d is “Love.

On the contrary. He clearly thought of himself as the Messiah of the Jews and of no one else. On the contrary.000 years of Christian persecution? How do Christians explain the miracle of Jewish survival? Why has G-d restored the city of Jerusalem and the Land of Israel to His “rejected” people? How do they explain the fact that the Jewish people has re-established its national life in its ancient homeland.900 years ago can somehow bring forgiveness from G-d for my sins is absurd and unfounded. and the purpose of the Messiah is to bring us to the day when all of the Jewish people will observe the Torah and all of mankind will acknowledge its truths. G-d chose them because the Jews rejected Jesus. what is left to teach mankind? Nowhere does the Torah suggest that it is to be abolished by the Messiah.” If the Christians have done away with the laws of the Torah.WAS JESUS THE MESSIAH? LET’S EXAMINE THE FACTS 31 educated? Why did his own family turn against him? Who was in a position to judge if he was or was not the Messiah—his own people. and each man must repent for his sins alone. “Sons will not be punished for the sins of their fathers.) Isn’t this theological “slap in the face” the reason for the Pope’s refusal to recognize Israel. and is in possession of the City of Jerusalem? These are living historic facts without parallel.” i. Each person must return to G-d. Item: Nowhere does the Torah state that someone else’s death can bring forgiveness to a person’s sins. or pagan peoples who had no understanding of what the concept really meant? Item: Jesus commanded his disciples to preach to the Jews only and not to the Gentiles (Matthew 10). why have we managed to survive 2. the Torah is eternal. These will all take place when the Messiah comes. Man . Yet. each sinner must change his own ways and seek G-d’s forgiveness. Why do we need a Messiah in the first place? In order to teach the Torah to the world and to establish “The Kingdom of G-d on Earth. “The soul that sinneth it shall die”. Must not the Christians now acknowledge that the re-emergence of a Jewish State is indeed an unfolding and realization of Bible prophesy in our day? Does this not demonstrate that the many Biblical prophecies that speak of the return of the Jew to his land refers to the Jews and not to anyone else? (The Christians often refer to themselves as the “real Jews”—the “New Israel.e. if they no longer regard the Torah as valid. We believe that man will not self-destruct. that we will not disappear in a gigantic atomic blast. and for Christian silence during the Six Day War? Item: The Prophets contain many prophecies concerning the end of days and the time of the Messiah that have not yet taken place. each man will be punished for his sins. Item: If God has “rejected” the Jews for not “accepting Jesus” as Christians claim. Jews firmly believe that the Messiah will come.” The idea that someone else’s death 1. he was accepted by foreign nations and not by the Jews. who anxiously awaited the arrival of the Messiah. yet his disciples disobeyed him and did just the opposite.

I come like one who follows the Law. G-d wants discipline. I daily wait for his coming. JESUS AND THE BIBLE By Aryeh Kaplan F or almost two thousand years. G-d’s revelation on Mount Sinai demands obedience to the 613 commandments spelled out in the written and unwritten Torah. “Unto the Jews. not pious statements and magical formulas. After all. To those who believe in the Law. quoting from our Bible. A close look at the original Hebrew is enough to destroy a good portion of their “proofs. Jews wait for the day when “G-d will be King over all the earth and on that day He will be One and His name One. that I might convert those who follow the Law. in the coming of the Messiah.” (Zacharia 14. Christians have been trying to convince the Jews that they are right.. loyalty.” Indeed.. the Messiah is coming. we can almost hear his footsteps. which is our language.” In many cases we do not even have to go to the original Hebrew. Maimonides put our belief into words—and we firmly stand by these words. It takes a lot of nerve for outsiders to tell us how to interpret our Bible. Faith alone is not adequate. that I might convert the Jews.—G-d demands deeds and action. It was originally given in Hebrew. Merely taking the passages in context does away with all their “proof. In First Corinthians (9:20). “I firmly believe. in complete faith. . However. the apostle Paul says.” When the missionaries approach us. Jesus was a Jew. it is not enough to believe in G-d.” Let us take a few examples: xxx Missionaries claim that Jesus fulfilled the prophecy of the Messiah being born in Bethlehem. and practice. It is both interesting and instructive to carefully examine a few of their “proofs”. they often slanted their translations to suit their own purposes. written in our language. I come as a Jew. they come as Jews.9). Jews also know how to read the Bible. . and although he may tarry. When the Christians translated the Bible. and G-d’s Kingdom will be established. and it seems strange that his own people refused to accept him.32 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries is basically good. One of the favorite ploys of the missionaries is to attempt to use the Jewish Bible to prove that Jesus was the Messiah of the Jews.

the Jerusalem Bible. They attempt to prove this from a verse. which are little among the thousands of Judah. which even many contemporary Christian editions of the Bible translate to read (Isaiah 7:14). why did he not succeed in bringing peace to the world? He himself said that he is not coming to bring peace but the sword (Matthew 10:34). there is absolutely no evidence that this prophecy speaks . and shall call his name Immanuel. to be a ruler in Israel. and the New English Bible.” The verse continues to say (Michah 5:4). Furthermore. Of course. If this is speaking of Jesus. Furthermore. if this is really speaking of Jesus.” This means to say that the Messiah will bring peace to the world. But the proper Hebrew word for virgin is Besulah. “But you. such as the Revised Standard Version. But if this verse (Micah 5:1) is actually speaking of the true Messiah. The true Messiah. since thousands of children were born in Bethlehem. When Matthew (1:23) quoted this passage and translated it into the Greek of the New Testament.” Both Matthew (2:6) and John (7:43) attempt to use this as proof that Jesus was the Messiah. Bethlehem Ephratah.” More honest recent Christian Bible translations. which actually means “young woman” as “virgin. the Bible speaks of Bethlehem as the Messiah’s place of origin. and Alma is never translated as “virgin. we suddenly have an instant prediction of the virgin birth of the Messiah. this does not prove anything. the L-rd Himself shall give you a sign: Behold a young woman shall conceive and bear a son. He translates the Hebrew word Alma. “Therefore. Out of you shall one come forth unto Me. then it is really referring to a descendant of King David. who Jews are still waiting for. xxx Missionaries claim that Jesus fulfilled a prophecy that the Messiah would be born of a virgin. Since David came from Bethlehem (1 Samuel 17:12). “And there shall be peace. as we find elsewhere in the Bible (Isaiah 2:4). his anxiety to prove a point led him to actually mistranslate this passage.JESUS AND THE BIBLE 33 They base this on the verse (Michah 5:1). will be a ruler and will bring lasting peace to the world. why was he never accepted as a “ruler in Israel. have corrected this original error.” Thus.” The idea of gods and demigods being born of virgins occurs in many places in pagan mythology.

I come to you in a thick cloud. Other commentators say that it is speaking of the Prophet Isaiah himself. A careful reading of the entire passage may well convince you that it is speaking of the Six Million Jews killed by Hitler. and gives him the right to contradict the Torah of Moses. Jewish. He never did the same for Jesus.” At Mount Sinai. It was directed at King Ahaz. “And there shall not arise a prophet in Israel like unto Moses. There is no evidence that Jesus fulfilled this condition (See John 9:29).” What this verse means in context is that any prophet must be similar in qualifications to Moses.” This is the famous “Suffering Servant” passage in Isaiah.” G-d Himself attested to Moses. Some commentators indeed state that this passage is speaking of the Messiah. But John (1:45) and the book of Acts (3:22. in Jewish terms. neither was any deceit in his mouth. G-d says in the Bible (Deuteronomy 18:18). claiming that this verse refers to Jesus. however. although he had done no violence. like unto you (Moses). speaks of the birth of King Hezekiah rather than of the Messiah. Furthermore there is no evidence that the original passage (Deuteronomy 18:18) speaks of the Messiah at all. They base this on the verse (Isaiah 53:9).e. righteous. xxx Missionaries claim that Jesus fulfilled the prophecy of being a prophet like Moses. In any case it cannot be proven that this passage is speaking of the Messiah at all. Others. say that it is speaking of the entire Jewish people. The Bible (Deuteronomy 18:22) says that one of the signs of a true prophet is when his prophecy comes true exactly. there is no evidence that Jesus was a prophet at all. Indeed. i. according to most Biblical commentators. a scholar. as we find (Exodus 19:9). and of the highest personal character. 7:37) take this quote out of context. that the people may hear when I speak with you. xxx Missionaries claim that Jesus fulfilled the prophecy of living a sinless life. G-d attested to the prophecy of Moses by publicly speaking to him in the presence of millions of people. and. and with the rich his tomb. The verse merely states that the future prophets of Israel in general would share Moses’ saintly qualities. . since the Bible openly states that there would never be another prophet like Moses (Deuteronomy 34:10). “And G-d said to Moses: Behold. However.34 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries of the Messiah at all. “I will raise them up a prophet among their brethren. this is an obvious distortion. “And they made his grave with the wicked. and may believe in you forever.

like a lion. the people’s reaction was one of outrage. this bears no relation to the original meaning of the verse. as G-d Himself warned in the Bible (Deuteronomy 13:2). If so. Jesus himself was far from being sinless as the Gospel claims. Beyond this. 16:15). who by his knowledge did justify the Righteous One to the many. If one then totally ignores Hebrew grammar. G-d commanded us to keep the Sabbath in the Ten Commandments. Only the gullible and superstitious are taken in by “miracles” and magic alone. the Bible clearly states (Deuteronomy 24:16). one of the worst possible sins.” They realized that “miracles” alone do not give anyone the right to go against G-d. the Gospel records that Jesus violated the Sabbath. the author of this Psalm. However. he does not keep the Sabbath. from the Jewish point of view.. no one can abrogate it. 14:9. . “This fellow is no man of G-d. This is but one more example of the lengths missionaries go to prove that they are right.JESUS AND THE BIBLE 35 Furthermore.” However. Speaking to the entire Jewish people. correctly translated. which. a company of evil-doers have enclosed me. reads (Psalm 22:17). The Bible says (Isaiah 53:11). They quote a Biblical verse. The Gospel records that the people said (John 9:16). Since G-d himself gave this commandment. “For dogs have encompassed me. neither shall the children die for the fathers. the Gospel records many instances where Jesus claimed to be G-d (John 10:30. one can twist this to mean “He gouged me. Yet. Furthermore there is absolutely no evidence that this Psalm is speaking of the Messiah. “He shall see the travail of his soul . it would seem that King David. xxx Missionaries claim that Jesus fulfilled the prophecy of dying for our sins. As expected. was actually speaking of himself.” Then. they are at my hands and feet. and their iniquity he did bear. he was guilty of idolatry. as in the King James’ Version. Even with the change in spelling. Missionaries claim that it teaches that our sins can only be forgiven through Jesus. “The fathers shall not die for the children. The fundamentalist Christian interpreters actually changed the spelling of the word from KeAri to Kari. From the opening verse.” We are again in the famous “Suffering Servant” passage. xxx Missionaries claim that Jesus fulfilled the prophecy that the Messiah would be killed by crucifixion. it is a forced translation. they make this verse read “they pierced my hands and feet.” “Like a lion” in Hebrew is KeAri.. This is a basic Christian doctrine.

a more precise translation would indicate that he did not suffer to atone for our sins. Missionaries lay great stress on the fact that the Bible prescribes blood as atonement (Leviticus 17:11). the missionaries never mention the most important prophecies concerning the Messiah that Jesus did not fulfill. The main thing is that a clear reading of the Jewish Bible offers absolutely no support to the “proofs” of Christianity. but suffered because of our sins. Thus. the Hebrew original). and all those “proofs” fall away. and to abolish all war. It is not overly difficult to approach G-d. (See Ezekiel 33:11. The main task of the Messiah was to bring the world back to G-d. Many contemporary Christian scholars admit as much. This is repentance. 33:19. but to refute each one would require an entire book. but the most important part of atonement was always repentance and prayer.36 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries every man shall die for his own sin.” The main way back to G-d is through words of prayer. There is one way of atonement. and he himself must make them good. Jesus did not accomplish this. They therefore claim that without the blood of Jesus. Clearly. etc. repeated again and again in the Bible. there can be no remission of sin (Hebrews 9:22). Every one is as twisted as those presented above. and return to G-d. however. This is a most basic theme repeated over and over in the Bible. Jeremiah 36:3. the more difficult we make his task. According to the commentaries who say that the “Suffering Servant” is the Messiah (or the prophet Isaiah). our sins will cause the Messiah great anguish.) The prophet said (Hosea 14:3). However. “Take with you words. suffering and injustice from the world. xxx There are many other “proofs” offered by the missionaries. Furthermore a close reading of the chapters on sacrifices shows that the sacrificial blood was only prescribed for a small category of transgressions. According to the commentators who contend that the “Suffering Servant” is the entire Jewish people it is not very far fetched to say that the prophet is speaking of the Six Million who died for the sins of mankind. But it does involve effort on the part of the individual. . The sacrificial blood might have helped in some cases. all you need is a good translation (or better still. The Messiah’s mission is to perfect mankind.” Every man is responsible for his own actions. there is no place where the Bible says that blood is the only means of atonement. However. In most cases. The more we sin.

for the most part. “If someone smites you on one cheek. Peter 3). We still await the true Messiah who will accomplish all this in his first attempt. he was still a perfect human being. His really important mission is to perfect the world. Let us look at a few examples. turn the other cheek. All the embarrassing prophecies that he did not fulfill are swept under the rug of a “Second Coming. A closer look at his career. Jesus did not turn the other cheek at all. raises many questions about his “perfection”.” This might have been a beautiful ideal. many argue. and whose life embodied the greatest ideals. they still feel that they can identify with Jesus the person. It really does not make much difference in G-d’s plan if the Messiah is born in Bethlehem or conceived by a virgin. Jesus. But. One of the best known teachings of Jesus is (Luke 6:29). Christians like to present us with an idealized picture of Jesus the man. When one of the High Priest’s officers struck him. They see him as someone who preached love and peace. However. Christians invented the doctrine of the “Second Coming” (Hebrews 9:29. How could the Crusaders have pillaged and destroyed entire communities in his name? How could the Inquisition have tortured people to death in the name of a man who taught that the foremost commandment was “love your neighbor as yourself”? How are such contradictions possible? It is much less surprising that his followers did not live by Jesus’ teachings when we realize that even Jesus himself did not abide by them. however. was not the Messiah of the Jewish tradition.” The prophecies that Jesus is said to have fulfilled are. but a careful reading of the Gospels dispels this picture very quickly. . but Jesus himself did not live up to it. Jesus failed to do. Even when they find it impossible to accept Christian theology. All the prophecies that Jesus did not fulfill the first time are supposed to be taken care of the second time around. This. many of the things done in his name seem very strange. the Jewish Bible offers absolutely no evidence to support the Christian doctrine of a “Second Coming.” Anything that they can twist to prove that Jesus was the Messiah is exploited to the fullest. When we look at Jesus in such idealized terms. BEHOLD THE MAN: THE REAL JESUS By Aryeh Kaplan M any people are fascinated by the person of Jesus. even if Jesus was not the Messiah.BEHOLD THE MAN: THE REAL JESUS 37 In order to get around this failure on the part of Jesus. and one that we may take as an example. therefore. trivial.

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Instead, the Gospel tells us that his response was (John 13:23), “If I spoke amiss, state it in evidence at my trial. If I spoke well, then why did you smite me?” He did not meekly and quietly submit, as he himself is alleged to have preached. Throughout history, it seems that the only one who ever “turned the other cheek” was the Jew. In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus instructed his followers (Matthew 5:43) “Love your enemies, bless those who curse you, and do good to those who hate you.” This might have been a fine lesson if Jesus himself lived up to it. But when it came to his own enemies, Jesus declared (Luke 19:27), “Take my enemies, who would not have me rule over them, bring them here, and kill them before me.” Jesus might have preached against vindictiveness, but he did not practice as he preached, when he said (John 11:39), “I come to the world for judgment. I may give sight to the sightless, but I will blind those who see.” Some of us may have a picture of Jesus preaching love and peace, as when he said (Matthew 5:22), “Anyone who nurses anger against his brother must be brought to judgment ... If he even sneers at him, he will have to answer for it in the fires of hell.” The picture, however, changes very rapidly when Jesus himself is put to the test. We then find him declaring (Matthew 10:34), “Think not that I have come to send peace to the world. I come not to send peace, but the sword.” Jesus subjected anyone who dared oppose him to the most awful abuse, curses and threats of dire punishment. When the Jews tried to defend their ancient faith, Jesus answered them by saying, (Matthew 23:33), “You snakes, you generation of vipers, how can you escape the damnation of hell?” Jesus did not limit himself to his immediate opponents, such as the Rabbis and teachers. He spoke against all those who dared not believe in him, branding them as outcasts subject to divine punishment. We thus hear his pronouncement (John 3:36), “He who believes in the Son has everlasting life. But he who does not believe in the Son shall not see life, but shall suffer the everlasting wrath of G-d.” He may have preached love, but it was a very restricted love. He thus said (John 3:5), “I surely say to you: Unless a man is born of water and the Spirit, he cannot enter the Kingdom of G-d.” In contrast to this, the Rabbis, whom Jesus hated so much, did not place any such limitations on G-d’s love. It was the Rabbis of the Talmud who made the statement (Tosefta, Sanhedrin 13), “The righteous of all nations have a share in the World to Come.” They saw G-d’s love as available to all people, and not only to Jews. An even stronger statement can be found in our Midrashic literature, where a rabbi declares (Tana DeBei Eliahu Rabbah 9), “I call heaven and earth as witnesses: Any individual, whether gentile or Jew, man or

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woman, servant or maid, can bring the Divine Presence upon himself in accordance with his deeds.” The Jewish attitude toward non-Jews is most clearly expressed in King Solomon’s prayer, where he says (I Kings 8:41-43), “When a stranger, who is not of Your people Israel, but comes from a distant land ... turns in prayer toward this Temple, then listen to his prayers.” Jesus, however, was not so broad minded. When he sent out his twelve disciples, he charged them (Matthew 10:5, 6), “Do not take the road to gentile lands, and do not enter any Samaritan city. Go only to the lost sheep of Israel.” The Rabbis who lived in Jesus’ time taught (Avos 4:3), “Do not despise any man.” They likewise declared (Baba Kama 38a), “Even a gentile who studies Torah is equal to a High Priest.” These Rabbis saw G-d’s salvation freely available to all men. Contrast this with the terrible sentence proclaimed by Jesus (John 15:6), “He who does not abide in me is thrown away like a withered branch. Such withered branches are gathered together, cast into the fire and burned.” This terrible statement was later used by the Catholic Church to justify their practice of burning nonbelievers at the stake. In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus preached (Matthew 5:43:44), “You have been previously taught to love your neighbor and hate your enemy. But I say to you: Love your enemies and bless those who curse you.” Jesus may have said this, but the Gospels are aflame with his own words of hatred toward those who did not accept him. Time after time, he displays the same appetite for revenge as any other mortal. One of the basic teachings of Judaism is (Leviticus 18:19), “You shall love your neighbor as yourself.” This commandment is so important that Rabbi Akiva declared that it was the fundamental principle of the Torah. Even though this is openly stated in the Torah, written over a thousand years before Jesus’ birth, many people still think of it as one of Jesus’ teachings. But even in explaining this commandment of love, Jesus was not above displaying his vindictiveness. The Gospel (Luke 19:29), records that he was asked, “But who is my neighbor?” Jesus replied with one of the best known parables in the Gospels: A man traveling from Jerusalem to Jericho is attacked by robbers. They plunder and beat him, leaving him half dead by the roadside. A priest comes along and sees the injured man, but he promptly crosses the road to avoid him. A Levite then happens to pass by, and he also crosses the road to avoid him. Finally a Samaritan comes by and is touched by pity. He binds the stranger’s wounds, carries him to a secure spot, and tenderly cares for him. Thus, the Samaritan becomes the perfect example of the good neighbor. At first glance, this looks like a most beautiful story. But when we look beneath the surface, we see Jesus’ vindictiveness only too clearly.

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Let us carefully note the three persons who saw the unfortunate victim. They are a priest (Cohen), a Levite and a Samaritan. Anyone familiar with the three classes of Jews called to the Torah, knows that they are Cohen (priest), Levite and Israelite. We would therefore expect that after the Cohen and Levite passed up the victim, the story would tell us that the third person was an Israelite, an ordinary Jew. Instead, however, Jesus substitutes a Samaritan, a member of a tribe who had been enemies with the Jews for almost five hundred years. This Samaritan then becomes the example of moral love. The Priests and Levites, who were the religious leaders of the Jews, were thus downgraded, while the hated Samaritan was praised. What Jesus is implying is that every Jew, even a religious leader, is incapable of even a simple act of mercy. Even in his parable about love, Jesus was not above demonstrating his spite toward the Jewish leaders who rejected him. “Good Samaritan” is a byword among Christians to this very day. Many churches even bear the name, “Church of the Good Samaritan.” But Jesus’ vindictiveness assured that there would never be a church with the name, “Church of the Good Israelite.” Jesus was even able to be vindictive against a tree. When he found himself hungry, he was not able to restrain his too human emotions. The Gospel thus records (Matthew 21:18, 19), “In the morning, on his way to the city, Jesus felt hungry. Seeing a fig tree near the road, he went up to it, but found nothing on it but leaves. He said to the tree, ‘may you never bear fruit anymore.’ The tree then withered and died.” The Gospel of Mark (Mark 11:13) makes it plain that it was not even the season for figs. Did this innocent tree deserve such cruel punishment? It was not even the season for figs, and the tree was merely fulfilling its nature. If Jesus merely wanted to show his miraculous powers, as the gospel seems to indicate, why did he not command the tree to bring forth fruit? Indeed, the Talmud (Taanis 24a) brings a very similar incident, but with a very different ending. Rabbi Yosi’s son once wanted to provide his father’s field hands with food. All he could find was a fig tree, but it was not the season, and the tree was bare. He cried out, “Fig tree, fig tree, send forth your fruit so that my father’s workers may eat.” The Talmud tells us that the tree produced fruit before its time and the men were able to fill themselves. If Jesus were truly capable of miracles, he could have done the same. Instead, he chose to display his vindictiveness. A primary teaching of Judaism is expressed by the Psalmist many generations before Jesus. He declared (Psalm 145:9), “G-d is good to all, and his love extends over all His works.” No distinction is made between Jew and gentile. Contrast this with the following event in Jesus’ career (Mark 2:25-27): “A woman whose daughter was possessed by an unclean spirit heard of Jesus, and came in, falling at his feet. She was a Gentile, a Phoenician from Syria. She begged Jesus to drive out the spirit from her daughter.

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Jesus replied, `Let the children be satisfied first. It is not right to take the children’s bread and cast it to the dogs.” From the context, it is obvious that the “children” mentioned by Jesus refer to the Jews, while the “dogs” were the gentiles. These “dogs” must be satisfied with scraps from the table. Now compare this narrow view with a teaching of the much maligned Pharisees (i.e. rabbis). They declare in the Talmud (Gittin 61a), “We are obliged to feed the gentile poor in exactly the same manner as we feed the Jewish poor.” We can bring many such contrasts between Jewish and Christian ethics. In every case, the margin seems to be on the side of Judaism. Jesus may have taught many beautiful ideals, but unfortunately, he never seemed to be able to live up to them himself. Apparently, it was difficult even for “Christ” to be a Christian.

Belief in the Messiah is one of the basic tenets of Judaism. We believe that the Messiah will yet come, and hopefully anticipate the Messianic Age. But what sort of person will the Messiah be? What sort of age will he usher in?

THE REAL MESSIAH
By Aryeh Kaplan
hat is the future bringing? There are some pessimists who say that mankind is approaching its end. They predict that we will either pollute ourselves off the face of this planet or overpopulate to the barest marginal existence. Others see man doing the job more quickly, bringing his civilization crashing down on his head in a nuclear war. On the other hand, there are optimists who predict a utopian future for mankind. They see unlimited energy being generated by thermonuclear furnaces, the conquest of man’s most dread diseases, and the solution of all our social problems, leading to a world beyond our fondest present dreams. Never before has mankind been faced with such a wide range of possibilities. Never before has it had such tremendous power at its disposal, to use for good or evil. We live in an accelerated age. A man of 2000 years ago would not find the world of two hundred years ago very different. But the man of two hundred years ago, if transported to today’s society, would find himself in a world beyond his wildest imagination. He would find himself in a world where reaching for the moon is not a metaphor for the impossible, but a well financed government project;

W

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where atoms are smashed and the secrets of life are being exposed; where the dread plagues that decimated entire civilizations no longer exist; where man communicates instantaneously with all parts of the world, and flies in hours to the most distant lands; where beasts of burden are virtually a thing of the past, and man is waited upon by a host of electrical servants. We need not belabor the point, but the past hundred years or so have brought about an increase in knowledge unsurpassed in all human history. Whether we use it wisely or not, these accomplishments are truly amazing. What does it all mean? Why is all this happening now? In all the thousands of years of human civilization, there were many great men of genius. Why could they not bring about the revolution of knowledge that we are now experiencing? Why did it have to wait until this century? And what is it all leading to? And in the midst of this, why do we suddenly find a generation that will no longer tolerate war, injustice, inequality, the poisoning of our environment, or any of the other evils that we once felt were inevitable? Why this sudden global change of conscience that seems to be shaking the very roots of our civilization? Why are more and more people coming to the conclusion that the evils of society are not merely the natural consequences of civilization, but are diseases that call for a cure? Is there any relationship between the information explosion and man’s increased awareness of social justice? We might seek sociological reasons connecting the two. We might dismiss it as mere coincidence. However, there is a third ingredient, one that already affects the entire world, but is uniquely related to us as Jews. After 2000 years of suffering and prayer, we are once again in control of our ancient homeland. Again, the relationship between this and the other two could be dismissed as mere coincidence except for one thing. It has already been foretold. If one looks with an unprejudiced eye at the world today, he will see that we are living in an age where almost all the Jewish prophecies regarding the prelude to the Messianic Age are coming to pass. Even the most doubtful skeptic cannot help wondering how this could be mere coincidence. The man with clear vision can truly see the hand of G-d at work. We who believe in G-d know that He controls the final destiny of mankind. Although each individual has free will, G-d guides the general course of history towards His ends.1 The collective wills of societies are therefore often determined by G-d. Inventions and discoveries come about as a result of the divine will.2 Governments are guided by G-d to work toward His ends. This is what the scripture means when it says (Prov. 21:1), “The king’s heart is in the hand of G-d ... He turns it wherever He wills.” 3

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The ultimate goal of the historic process is the perfection of society. Since everything was created by G-d, all must eventually be perfected.4 This is even true of man’s mundane world, which was created as an arena for our service toward G-d.5 This ultimate goal is what we call the Messianic Age. It is the focus of the entire historical process. The coming of the Messiah is a basic belief of Judaism.6 This yearning and expectation gives Jews great optimism concerning the ultimate future of mankind. However, if you have ever gone through the many passages in the Bible, the Talmud, the Midrash, and the Zohar that speak of this Messianic Age, you might become somewhat confused. Some traditions seem to contradict others, while the line between prediction and allegory often seems very thin. For many of us, any attempt to find rhyme or reason in these teachings seems fraught with frustration. One of the basic points of contradiction is whether or not the onset of the Messianic age will come through miracles. Many teachings seem to support the view of the miraculous, such as (Dan. 7:13), “Behold, one like the son of man came with the clouds of heaven.” On the other hand, others seem to support a more prosaic view, such as (Zech. 9:9), “Behold, your king comes to you ... lowly, and riding on a donkey.” The Talmud was aware of this contradiction, and answered it by stating that there are two basic ways that the Messianic age can commence. If we are worthy of miracles, it will indeed be miraculous. If we are not, the Messianic Age will arrive in a natural manner.7 Whether or not we are worthy of miracles, G-d will guide the forces of history to eventually bring about the Messianic Age. If, however, we merit miracles, we can bring it about before the historical process has paved the way.8 Miracles are not something to be taken lightly. Man’s free will is one of the prime ingredients of creation. If man would lose his free will to act or believe then he obviously could not be held responsible for his actions or beliefs. That responsibility is the vital human ingredient of man and it is essential that his free will be at all times preserved. Witnessing a miracle can destroy one’s freedom to believe. Therefore, miracles almost always occur under such circumstances where faith is so strong that they do not affect it at all.9 In order to merit a miracle, man must have such great faith in G-d that it will in no way be affected by witnessing the miracle. Although some of our sages tried to bring about the miraculous coming of the Messiah,10 many were resigned to wait for G-d’s own time, when the forces of history would bring about this Age without recourse to miracles. Thus, the Amorah Sh’muel taught, “There is no difference between now and the time of the Messiah, except with respect to our servitude.” 11 We also find many places where our sages teach us that the redemption will not come all at once, but gradually, in a natural manner.12

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THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries

Of course, many of the traditions that we find regarding the Messianic Age are either allegorical or contingent on factors known only to G-d. Therefore, not all are necessary conditions for the redemption.13 For this reason, the Messiah can come at any time, totally without warning.” 14 In order for a perfect society to exist, such things as disease will have to be eliminated. Thus, it has been predicted (Isa. 35:5), “The eyes of the blind will be opened, the ears of the deaf shall be unstopped; then shall the lame man leap as a hart, and the tongue of the dumb shall sing.” 15 Similarly, other forms of work will be eliminated in order that man devote himself totally toward his ultimate goal.16 Many such miracles are predicted, such as grapes as large as hen’s eggs, and grains of wheat as big as a fist.17 As we now know, all this can be possible with a technology not too far removed from that of today. Indeed, when Rabban Gamaliel spoke of these predicted miracles, he stated that they would not involve any change in the laws of nature, but are allusions to a highly advanced technology. Thus, so little labor will be needed to process agricultural products, that clothing and loaves of bread will seem to grow on trees. Similarly, as we learn the secrets of life processes, it will become possible to make trees bear fruit continually.18 When we think of the miracles of the Messianic Age as being technological rather than manifest, then we have no trouble understanding traditions that predict such things as space flight19 and interstellar colonization20 in the Messianic Age, even according to those who believe that it will not be a time of manifest miracles. Of course all of this would be mere conjecture and even forced interpretation if it were not for the fact that our present technological revolution has also been predicted, with an approximate date as to its inception. Almost 2000 years ago, the Zohar 21 predicted, “In the 600th year of the sixth thousand, the gates of wisdom on high and the wellsprings of lower wisdom will be opened. This will prepare the world to enter the seventh thousand, just as a man prepares himself toward sunset on Friday for the Sabbath. It is the same here. And a mnemonic for this is (Gen. 7:11), ‘In the 600th year ... all the foundations of the great deep were split.’” Here we see a clear prediction that in the Jewish year 5600 (or 1840), the wellsprings of lower wisdom would be opened and there would be a sudden expansion of secular knowledge. Although the year 1840 did not yield any major scientific breakthrough, the date corresponds with almost uncanny accuracy to the onset of our present scientific revolution. The tradition may have even anticipated the tremendous destructive powers of our modern technology. Thus, we have the teaching of Rabbi Elazar that the Messianic Age will begin in a generation with the power to destroy itself.22 If the technological miracles of the Messianic Age will be dramatic, the social revolution will be all the more profound. On an international scale, it will mean the total end of all war, as the prophet Isaiah predicted (Isa. 2:4), “Nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither shall they

“truth will fail.” 29 Woman’s status will change profoundly when this curse is eliminated.” also refers to the peace and harmony between nations. people will no longer have respect. 3:19). “In pain you shall bear children.28 The technological revolution will largely eliminate the curse (Gen. these may be avoided. 61:1).. the government will become godless. and the leopard shall lie down with the kid. Surely I will no more give your corn to be food for your enemies.” 26 This is also the spirit of the prophecy (Ibid.. and strangers will not drink your wine for which they have not labored.” 30 The rapid changes on both a technological and sociological level will result in a great social upheaval.24 Rabbi Nachman of Breslov states that man will realize the foolishness of war.. the allegory (Ibid. Insolence will increase. “The wolf shall dwell with the lamb. and untie those who are bound. just as he has already realized that of pagan idolatry.” But this change will be even more far reaching with respect to woman.THE REAL MESSIAH 45 practice war any more. ‘The L-rd has sworn . the old will have to seek favors from the young. and you shall desire your man. 31:22).” 34 . our sages teach us that neither parents nor the aged will be respected. people will naturally be enamored with the new and dissatisfied with the old.” 23 According to many commentaries. and this may well be the meaning of the prophecy (Jer. 59:15). When nations “beat their swords into plowshares. This will be especially true of the values of religion—in such a rapidly changing world. 11:6). each laying claim to the truth. “To bind up the broken hearted. to proclaim liberty to the captives. Religious studies will be despised and used by nonbelievers to strengthen their cause. Many of woman’s disadvantages are a result of Eve’s curse (Ibid.33 Judaism will suffer greatly because of these upheavals. and a man’s household will become his enemies.” 27 Some of the most radical changes will be a result of the nullification of the curse of Adam. often referred to as the Chevley Moshiach or Birth Pangs of the Messiah. There will be a standard of social justice exemplified by the prophecy (Isa. academies places of immorality. and he shall rule over you. the changes will be even greater.32 Since in a period of such accelerated change parents and children will grow up in literally different worlds. The cataclysmic changes will result in considerable suffering. 3:16).” the hundreds of billions of dollars now used for war and “defense” will be diverted to the perfection of society. This is the meaning of the prophecy (Isa.25 On an individual level. “With the sweat of your brow you shall eat bread . making it almost impossible to discern true Judaism from the false.. There is a tradition that the Jews will split up into various groups. “For G-d will create a new thing. Thus.31 If the Messiah comes with miracles. a woman shall court a man. traditions handed from father to son will be among the major casualties. and none will offer reproof. but the great changes involved in his coming in a natural manner may make these birth pangs inevitable. and the religious will be denigrated. 62:8).

and not understand. there is a basic teaching that prophecy can only exist in the Land of Israel.44 However. They will realize that they are witnessing the death throes of a degenerate old order and will not be drawn into it. the Messiah will then be born.53 We all know of leaders who have literally changed the course of history. it must certainly exist for good. for example.52 and indeed. how an evil genius like Hitler literally hypnotized an entire nation. and be dubbed fools for not conforming to the debased ways of the pre-Messianic Age.45 and then. . One of our important traditions regarding the advent of the Messiah is that it will mark the return of prophecy.50 Into a world prepared to receive him. “He who departs from evil will be considered a fool. This is the meaning of the prophecy (Isa. according to many traditions. We have seen. Another important consideration is the tradition that the Bais HaMikdash or Holy Temple will be rebuilt before the onset of the Messianic Age. you shall shoot forth your branches and yield your fruit to My people of Israel. He will be a mortal human being. “But you mountains of Israel. unless we assume that this rule is to be broken. based on the prophecy (Ezekiel 36:8).43 and furthermore. with the permission of the other nations.49 We will discuss this point later.46 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries It has also been predicted that many will leave the fold of Judaism completely. there will be some Jews who remain true to their traditions. born normally of human parents.” 35 Of course. bringing it to do things that normally would be unthinkable in a civilized society.39 There is also a tradition that the land will be cultivated at that time. It will begin with a measure of political independence37. he himself will be a prophet. it is possible that the Messiah himself will accomplish these things before he is actually recognized for what he is. the majority of Jews will have to live in the Land of Israel before the Messianic Age commences. according to some. there is also a tradition that Jerusalem cannot be rebuilt before the ingathering of the diaspora. the Messiah will be preceded by the prophet Elijah.38 There are numerous traditions that Jews will begin to return to the Land of Israel as a prelude to the Messiah. This is how our sages interpret the prophecy (Dan.47 However. there are numerous Jewish families today that can claim such lineage. and. for they are at hand to come.48 This would also seem to indicate that Israel will be settled before the Messianic Age.51 Tradition states that he will be a direct descendant of King David.46 Thus.” 40 There is also a tradition that the Messiah will reveal himself in the Land of Israel. 59:15). “The wicked shall do wickedly.42 Furthermore.” 36 One of the most important traditions regarding the Messianic Age concerns the ingathering of the Diaspora and the resettlement of the Land of Israel. 12:10). But they will suffer all the more for this. If such power exists for evil. only when the majority of Jews live there. However.41 There is even evidence that the majority of the Jews will have to return to their homeland before the Messiah comes in a non-miraculous manner.

“And I will restore your judges as at first. Now imagine that he is a religious Jew. Perhaps he would negotiate with the Russian government to allow all of its Jews to leave. the religious supreme court and legislature of the Jews. Now imagine a Jew. We may soon have reached the stage where it is not far-fetched to picture a Tzadik in such a role. solving this thorny problem. but the world is becoming increasingly more accustomed to accepting leaders of all races. This Tzadik would naturally be a most respected leader in all Jewish circles. This is a problem that involves all the world powers.” 58 Such a Sanhedrin would also be able to formally recognize the Messiah. One possible scenario could involve the Middle East situation.54 It would not be inconceivable that such a demonstration of statesmanship and political genius would place him in a position of world leadership. religions. Imagine a political genius surpassing all others. as we find (Isa. he could spread his message to the entire world and change the very fabric of our society. In such an unassuming manner. The major powers would listen to such an individual. can be re-established. and ethnic groups. It is just possible that all Jewish leaders would agree to name him their leader and confer upon him the Mosaic ordination. With the vast communication networks now at our disposal. Let us go a step further.57 If this Tzadik was so ordained by the entire community. This is a necessary condition for the rebuilding of the Temple. the Holy Temple. a Tzadik. It may have once seemed far-fetched for a Tzadik to assume a role in world leadership. the ingathering of the exiles could take place. He might even make religion respectable. the faithful city. a Tzadik.55 The chain of this ordination was broken some sixteen hundred years ago56 and must be renewed before the Sanhedrin. who is immersed in Torah and Mitzvos like David his . Things might by then have become uncomfortable enough for American Jews to induce them to emigrate as well.THE REAL MESSIAH 47 Now. With peace established in the Land of Israel. imagine a charismatic leader greater than any other in man’s history. through direct negotiation and perhaps with the concurrence of the world powers. and your counselors as at the beginning.60 this Tzadik might just be able to regain the Temple Mount for the Jewish people. However. the Rambam (Maimonides) writes. he could then re-establish the Sanhedrin. 1:26).59 In his position of leadership. Thus. if this is accomplished. we will already have fulfilled the essential part of the Messianic promise. it might then be possible to rebuild the Bais HaMikdash. “If there arises a ruler from the House of David. The Jewish people have always had a profound respect for those who assume roles of world leadership. he could induce many more Jews to immigrate to Israel. Witness the decay of the large cities where the majority of Jews live and work. afterward you shall be called the city of righteousness. With a Sanhedrin to iron out the many halachic questions.

“Today—if you hearken to His voice. strengthening its laws and fighting G-d’s battles. then we may assume that he is the Messiah. As the prophet said (Isa. he will teach all mankind to live in peace and follow G-d’s teachings. and they shall all have one shepherd.. As a Tzadik. but the fact that they did not achieve these minimal goals proved them to be false. then his identity as the Messiah is a certainty. nor decide after the hearing of his ears. 3:5). And they shall beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. he answered with the verse (Ps. who leads Israel back to the Torah.” 61 It is very important to note that these accomplishments are a minimum for our acceptance of an individual as the Messiah. 11:3). Thus. following both the Written and Oral Law. “For the children of Israel shall sit many days without king or prince .. 11:9). the prophet said (Hos.48 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries ancestor. And He (the Messiah) will judge between nations and decide between peoples. If he is further successful in rebuilding the Temple on its original site and gathering the dispersed of Israel.” 63 As both a genius and Tzadik. in the end of days.62 When Rabbi Yehoshua ben Levi asked Elijah when would the Messiah come. Of course. For out of Zion shall go forth the Torah and G-d’s word from Jerusalem. “And My servant David shall be king over them. “He will sense the fear of the L-rd. 95:17). There have been numerous people who have claimed to be the Messiah. The world will begin to recognize his profound wisdom and come to seek his advice.” As society reaches toward perfection and the world becomes increasingly G-dly. 37:24). and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes. Nation shall not lift up sword against nation neither shall they practice war any more. Afterward shall the children of Israel return and seek the L-rd their G-d and David their king . and they shall also walk in My ordinances and observe My laws. the prophet foretold (Isa. men will begin to explore the transcendental more and more. Thus the prophet foretold (Isa.” Similarly (Ezek. And many people shall come and say: Come let us go up to the mountain of G-d to the house of the G-d of Jacob and He (the Messiah) will teach us His ways and we will walk in His paths. his main mission will be to bring the Jews back to G-d. the Messiah will see through the sham and hypocrisy of this world. Thus. “For all the earth shall be full of the . It is a foundation of our faith that the Messianic Age can miraculously begin any day. none of this precludes a miraculous advent of the Messiah or any other scenario.. 2:2-4): And it shall come to pass in the end of days that the mountain of G-d’s house shall be set over all other mountains and lifted high above the hills and all nations shall come streaming to it. so will his fame..” 64 As the Messiah’s powers develop.65 Although the Messiah will influence and teach all mankind.

What is now manifestly miraculous will ultimately become part of the nature of things. Derech HaShem 2:1:1. which is the World to Come. The truth has been revealed. Yad. “Terichim.. Lechem Mishneh.. but difficult to want to be a true Jew. If you keep your eyes open. There are two groups. To which group will you belong? Notes: 1) Cf. Emunos VeDeyos 8:2. Melachim 11:3. Berachos 55a Rashi ad loc.67 And as man approaches this lofty level. 4) Rabbi Moshe Chaim Lutzatto. it is a time of great challenge. Ikkarim 4:42.. Yeshuos Meshicho (Koenigsberg. It will be as if the power of evil were totally annihilated. Yalkut 2:959. Malbim ad loc. Yad. Barachos 20a.” Yalkut 1:860. will bring man to his ultimate destiny. Maharatz Chayos. 2) Sichos HaRan No. 12. 8) Pesachim 54b. Maharsha.68 This. you can almost see every headline bringing us a step closer to this goal. Cf. Rashash ad loc. often coming to pass with uncanny literalness. Tosefos Yom Tov on Avodah Zarah 4:7. The entire world recognizes what Judaism really is.69 Living on the threshold of the Messianic age as we do should be a most exciting experience for any Jew. quoting Shaar HaShamayim. 24:17. he will also become worthy of a divine providence not limited by the laws of nature. Radak on Jer. But as also predicted. OrHaChaim on Num. KaLaCh Pischey Chochmah No. 10:23. drawing them away from the Truth.. Tshuvah 8:7. Those who have lived by the truth of Torah.” 66 Although man will still have free will in the Messianic Age. 5621) 3:7 (56b).. 2. Moreh Nevuchim 2:48. 11) Sanhedrin 99a. and those who have not. he will have every inducement to do good and follow G-d’s teachings.THE REAL MESSIAH 49 knowledge of G-d. “It is very easy to be a Jew. Other generations have expected the Messiah’s imminent appearance on the basis of the forced interpretation of one or two prophecies. and the Torah is acknowledged as G-d’s true teaching to the world. 7) Sanhedrin 98a. Cf. Also see Abarbanel. Shabbos 63a. Tshuvah 6:5. as foretold (Joel 3:1). Netzach Yisroel 50. Those who have followed G-d’s way are now the teachers and leaders of a generation desperately trying to make up for lives wasted on vanity and foolishness. and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy . As one great Rebbe said. 6) 13 Principles of Faith No. 10) Cf. wedded to man’s newly gained powers to bring forth the best that untainted nature has to offer. Metzudos David. 5. as the waters cover the sea. 2:306.” More and more people will achieve the mystical union of prophecy. that I will pour out My spirit on all flesh. We live in a time of snares and temptations lying in wait for the unwary.” But imagine a time during which the Messiah has already come. 3) See Ralbag. . 9) Menoras HaMaor 3:end (237). 5) Idem. Megillah 11a. Maharal. Tshuvah 9:2. “And it shall come to pass afterward. now desperately wishing to become a part of it. See Kesef Mishneh. Baba Metzia 85b. Emunos VeDeyos 4:7 end. whereas we are living through the entire range of Messianic tradition.

Zohar 3:124b. 13) Yad.50 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries 12) Yerushalmi. 125b. Megillah 17b end. 20) Tikuney Zohar 14b. Tosefos Yom Tov. 49. Melachim 12:5. Also see Shnei Luchos HaBris (Jerusalem 5720). 37) Ibid. end of No. Malbim ad loc. we find that the Messiah will reveal himself on the Temple roof.. 49) Yad. 45 ff. Cf. Yerushalmi. Yalkut 2:888 from Ps. 32:12. p. Yoma 3:2. 32. 50) There is. Sifri. Shekalim 6:2. on Cant. Maleches Shlomo. 2:1706. Radak on Ps. Sanhedrin 92b. 120:5. 44) Yad. 21) Zohar 1:117a. however. 51) Yad. 36. Radak ad loc. Sanhedrin 97a. Berashis Rabbah 20:10. Melachim 11:3. 99. See Yad. on Deut. Melachim 11:4. Tosefos. 40:31. 31) Netzach Yisroel No. Zohar 2:82b. 45) Mechilta on Ex. 2:14. 10. Melachim 12:1. Maharsha ad loc. Cf. Also see Igeres Taimon p. 29) Cf. 32) Cf. 12:1. Eduyos 8:7.. In Yalkut 2:499. Shir HaShirim Rabbah 6:16. Rabbi Meir Ibn Gabbai. Cf. Rabbi Yehuda Gershoni. Sichos HaRan 35. 88. 52) Cf. Berachos 1:1. 90). for example. Isa. Avodas HaShem No. 6:8. Maaser Sheni 5:2 (29b). “Ad SheTichla. Shir HaShirim Rabbah 2:29. Derishas Tzion (Jerusalem. 98. Rashash.” in the Cheshvan 5733 issue of Intercom. p. Midrash Tehillim 18. from Isa. 30. see VaYoel Moshe 1:66 for another interpretation. Also see Avodas HaKodesh 4:25. Emunos VeDeyos 3:5 end. Ibn Ezra on Joel 3:1. Targum J.. 54) Pirkey Rabbi Eliezer 29. 65:25. 46) Yoma 9b. Zohar 1:257a.. 45. 14) Rav Zera. However. Bais David 1:376. Mishpat HaMelucha 11:1. Cf. 25) Sichos Moharan. 18:15. Sanhedrin 97a. 5724)) 1:1. Kuzari 2:24 (40a). Radak ad loc. Zohar 1:170a. Kesubos 111a. from Ps. the Maharal of Prague was able to trace his lineage to the Gaonic line of Rav Ha’ai and Rav Sherira. Igeres Taimon (Jerusalem. VaYoel Moshe 1:52. Eruvin 43b “VeAssur. Ibid. Metzora 2. 26) Emunos VeDeyos Ibid. See my article on “On Extraterrestrial Life. Cf. as quoted in beginning of Yeshuos Meshicho (our editions lack the critical part). 39) See Midrash quoted in Shevelei Emunah 10:1. 3. 153a. 147:2.” 38) Ramban on Cant. 40) Sanhedrin 98a.” Sanhedrin 97a. 11:1. See also Berashis Rabbah 12:15. Pirkey Rabbi Eliezer 32. This is the opinion of the Satmar Chassidim and others who oppose the resettlement of Israel. cf. Keresei U’Pleisi. Cf. Shir HaShirim Rabbah 2:18. Milchamos HaShem No. Radak on Jonah 1:3. 146:3.” Emunos VeDeyos 8:6. Melachim 11:3. Tshuvos Radbaz 2:842. Rabbi Tzvi Hirsh Kalisher. 23) Shabbos 63a. 48) Berachos 49a. Derech Eretz Zuta. Kuzari. 18) Shabbos 30b. Lekutey Tshuvos Chasam Sofer No. Also see Midrash Tehillim 146:6. VaYikra Rabbah 25:8. 27) Cf. 121a. This is based on an oath to that effect. Etz Yosef ad loc. 30) Or “a woman shall turn into a man. Emunos VeDeyos 8:6. Rashi. Pirkey Rabbi Eliezer 43. Zohar 1:85a. Tshuvah 9:2. Avodas HaKodesh 2:38.” See Rashi ad loc. 42) Ibid. 41) Midrash quoted in note 39. GurAryeh (Maharal) ad loc. 1:37b. . 22) Pesikta Rabosi. For an alternative interpretation. 5721) p. 36) Sanhedrin 97a. Melachim 10:2. Tanchuma. 19) Zohar 1:126 on Isa. Igeres Taimon p. 34. Emunos VeDeyos 8:8. 35) Rambam. another opinion stating that it is forbidden for the Jews to emigrate en masse before the actual coming of the Messiah. Ramban. Yalkut (919) on Deut. 16) Sifri (315) on Deut. 15) Berashis Rabbah 95:1. see VaYoel Moshe 1:68. Ramban. 5. Sanhedrin 98b. 98. Midrash Tehillim 73:4. Derishas Tzion 1:2 (p. 43) Malachi 3:25. 53) Thus.. Yeshuos Meshicho 4:3 (70a). p. who in turn traditionally were descendants of King David. Shnei Luchos HaBris. 12:2. 1. 8:12. However. Tanchuma Bo 5. Yad. 47) Yerushalmi. See also Yad. 34) Or “truth shall be divided into flocks. end of Bais HaSafak. 28) Milchamos HaShem No. a complete discussion of this issue is beyond the scope of this article. cf. according to interpretation of Rambam on Sanhedrin 10:1. 30:4. Eruvin 43b. Yeshuos Meshicho 3:6 (55b). Cf. 24) Radak ad loc. Yeshuos Meshicho No. Cf. See also VaYoel Moshe 55f. There are numerous families that still trace their lineage to the Maharal. 33) Sotah 49b. Zohar 3:676. VaYoel Moshe 1:10. 17) Kesubos 111 b. Bais David. Shir HaShirim Rabbah 2:29.

most of the Jewish boys were too busy taking out gentile girls. 69) Avodas HaKodesh 2:38. This story. Rabbi Moshe Chaim Lutzatto. author of the Shulchan Aruch. 60) See Midrash quoted in Bachaya on Lev. In general. They didn’t like the way I dressed. Yad Melachim 11:3. are susceptible to proselytizing movements which are well organized. “VeKeven. Yad. Rabbi Yaakov Berab temporarily restored this ordination in 1538. Sanhedrin 4:11. 63) Sanhedrin 98a. Many times. they tried to shove Judaism down my throat. Melachim 1:3. Zohar 1:109a. 1286. and whatever I learned in Hebrew School didn’t have anything to do with the real world. 56b). but they could never really give me a good reason. Sanhedrin 93b. and by the time I was sixteen. Maharatz Chayos ad loc. and besides. 65) See Yad. Radak ad loc. I didn’t come from a religious family. I got the impression that everyone was merely going through the motions. Berashis Rabba 31:12. Most of the Jewish girls in my school went out with non-Jewish boys.. as told to Aryeh Kaplan.” Eruvin 43b. 5706) p. Tshuvah 9:2. BaMidbar Rabbah 15:19 end. 66) Radak. Sanhedrin 5:1. 2:41a. in particular. 64) Cf. 11:4. using charismatic figures to lure them into their fold. I was no different than most of my friends. Sanhedrin 136. 230. Young people. Even my Hebrew teachers did not seem to be convinced of what they were teaching.. 1:32a. 67) Succah 52a. Rashi ad loc. cit. Yad. and I was no exception. is a typical example of the way the missionaries actually work.. 56) Cf. including Rabbi Yosef Karoh. Bais David. . They got very up tight when I went out with gentile boys. Rashash. 68) Sh’nei Luchos HaBris. Metzudos ad loc. and blew up when I stayed out all night. Yeshuos Meshicho 3:7 (p. 136a. Likutey Yedios HaEmes. Melachim 11:4. the missionary attraction has more dimensions than just theology. 57) Sanhedrin 4:4 (37a). 59) Cf. These boys seemed a lot nicer. Netzach Yisroel 50. Sanhedrin 4:1. Maamar HaIkkarim (New York. 61) Yad. but that no one was really interested in Judaism. and how their influence can be counteracted. I had experienced everything—and I do mean everything. Tosefta Sanhedrin 3:2.MY WAY BACK—A GIRL’S STORY 51 55) Rambam on Sanhedrin 1:3. 137a. MY WAY BACK—A GIRL’S STORY L et me begin by saying that I had always been turned off by Judaism as a child. loc. Even though my parents weren’t religious. 3:54a. 58) Rambam. Yad. ordaining several Safed scholars. Also see Megillah 17b. All they could do was hassle me. 62) Eruvin 43a end.

it made sense. the rabbi asked. and my friend replied that no one could be saved unless he believed in Christ. .52 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries Then one day something happened that changed my life. I knew all the Biblical verses by heart. and Greg introduced me to the “Jews for Jesus. I realized that he was different. and taught us how to answer them. The rabbi asked if this meant that anyone who did not believe in Christ would go to hell. “Does this even include me?” My friend was prepared for this and he boldly answered. I became one of the organizers of “Jews for Jesus” on my campus. They sent me to camp to learn how to organize and convince other Jews. It wasn’t long before I found out the reason why he was different. “Yes. He mumbled something about them accepting Christ at the last moment. and how one can reach G-d by believing in Christ. I wanted to learn more. Then. Soon I was busy attending their meetings and handing out literature. One of the rabbis really put my friend. I found them demolishing all of our well prepared arguments. He spoke about religion in a very different manner than my rabbi and teachers had. Most boys were only interested in one thing. and was aware of what “false” explanations these rabbis were sure to give. When I went to college the next year.” But the rabbi was not finished. ready to “do battle for Christ. He treated me like a person and understood my problems.” It was my greatest trip ever. They were also very bright. They gave us the points that they were likely to bring up. but some forty kids usually came to our meetings. We talked about religion. so was I. and it really turned me on. but Greg wasn’t. I spent many long nights talking to Greg. He told me about G-d and sin. and for the first time in my life. He told me that he was a Christian—that he had discovered Christ. I’ll never forget the day of that program. a Jewish organization on campus had a program directed against us. We learned that two rabbis were supposed to be speaking against us. I thought that Greg was the most fascinating guy that I had ever met. When my friend answered yes. The other Jewish Christians and myself sat in the front row. I met a boy by the name of Greg. As soon as I met him. We had around a dozen members. but I could tell that he was shook. Several of our top men came down and briefed us on how to respond to these rabbis. one day. He then threw the punch line: “And how about the six million Jews who died in Nazi concentration camps? Are they in heaven or in hell?” My friend was taken aback. To tell the truth. All the smooth answers that I had learned didn’t seem so smooth any more.” One of the things that surprised me about the two rabbis was that they were both young and with it. It seemed like a whole new world was opening for me. you too. The rabbi drew him into a discussion about salvation. During the question and answer period. another “Jew for Jesus.” down. This was the first time that I had ever heard anyone talk like that.

I was downcast. What Danny was telling me about was a kind of turned-on Judaism that I never even dreamed existed. I sought out this rabbi and tried to continue our argument. He told me how hard it was. the Jesus trip no longer turned me on. and that most of our Christian “proofs” had been refuted centuries ago. and Danny seemed very understanding. He said that if I was interested in returning to true Judaism. I tried to find out about the rabbi. he said something that burned in my mind for the next few weeks. and I found Danny every bit as fascinating as Greg. I was starting to really feel Jewish and felt myself being pulled closer and closer to it. He would not argue. They were words that I have never really forgotten. he had no time. and lived in a far away city.MY WAY BACK—A GIRL’S STORY 53 The other rabbi was much more pleasant. I found myself caught in the middle. he really made me feel as if he cared for me as a person. but no one seemed to know him. After the program. They told me that the Devil had gotten me. We began to talk. I made my decision. Danny explained that the rabbi had just been visiting. and that I would be damned in hell. I told my Jesus friends that I was leaving them. or the hypocrisy of my parents. Somehow. He told me that he was tired of debating these Biblical passages. and how he had to explain to his friends why he couldn’t eat with them or do anything on Friday night and Saturday afternoon. I could really respect the way he was religious. It wasn’t the dry stuff that I had learned in Hebrew School. I couldn’t get the rabbi’s words out of my mind. He told me “Don’t you owe it to three thousand years of Jewish history to learn about your own religion before you try others? Don’t you owe it to the millions who gave their lives rather than accept Christianity? Don’t you owe it to yourself to try to meet a real turned-on Jew?” The meeting left me in a state of shock. I recalled the rabbi’s words. They were trying to frighten me into staying—but they only . Finally. “Don’t you owe it to yourself to try to meet a real turned-on Jew?” Finally. I had to speak to him again. and his words seemed wiser and deeper than anything I had ever heard from my Christian friends. Just before I left. and when he spoke to me. All my best friends were into Jesus. I had to speak to someone. and he was one of the few religious Jewish boys in our school. but that for dusty debates. he would spend all the time in the world with me. What did I owe to our history and our martyrs? He said that he would teach me. He told me how he had come from a nonreligious family just like mine. I got up enough courage and asked the boy who had organized the program. Danny also spoke about G-d. His name was Danny. but in an entirely different way. yet I felt that I wanted out. He had a smile in his voice. All the love that they had talked about no longer seemed to matter. and how he had finally discovered Judaism.

But then. He also told me about a youth group that he was active with. but I really think that I’m enlightened. but he sang so beautifully that each word seemed to come straight from his heart. Just before the Friday night service some rabbi was supposed to be giving a class. at the Friday evening prayers. I had made up my mind and would give Judaism a chance. I couldn’t quite believe that. It wasn’t very long before I felt myself flying along with everyone else. I went to the Shabbaton. But somehow. I decided to go. He was only around sixteen. and I even tried to begin to keep Shabbos. It wasn’t long before I joined the kosher dining club at school. The whole weekend seemed to be filled with singing and dancing—a real festival of life. It seemed as if he was flying. The class began with a discussion about drugs and getting high. I am happier now than I’ve ever been before. I even began to try to say some blessings before I ate. and invited me to spend a “Shabbaton” weekend with them. The rabbi said that it was possible to get high from dovening—praying to G-d. but I really feel that I have found the true way to G-d. I don’t think he recognized me and I was too embarrassed to say anything about our previous encounter. I spoke to Danny a great deal. a young boy led the services. and felt even more. Their prayers were full of life and meaning—nothing like the dry services at my Temple. When I came back to school. I started saying the Sh’ma every morning and night. and I must admit that I had never seen anything like it. . I don’t know how to put it exactly. it made me feel that I had come back.54 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries succeeded in turning me off completely. I learned so much. I must say that this Shabbaton was one of the best experiences that I ever had. and imagine my surprise when I found that it was the same rabbi who had debated me several months earlier. This might sound corny. and he tried to explain the true meaning of Judaism to me.

JEWS FOR JUDAISM A . immigrants from the Former Soviet Union and intermarried couples. many of whom are convinced that in order for Jesus to return.” In Israel. as well as the Israeli community. it is not only emotionally vulnerable Jews who fall prey to the missionaries’ efforts. Our branches work closely with Jewish communities in Israel. Christian denominations. confuse potential converts. making them more vulnerable. and that a Jew retains his or her Jewish identity even after converting to Christianity. Jews for Judaismhas branches in Los Angeles.000 Jews worldwide have been converted by missionaries using deceptive tactics in which the Gospel is preached by “Messianic rabbis” wearing yarmulkas (skullcaps) and talleisim (prayer shawls) at “Shabbat” and “High Holiday” services. such as the Southern Baptist Convention. in fact. They delegitimize Judaism and. the Assemblies of G-d and others contribute over $300 million annually to aggressively evangelize Jews. and can be found in almost every Jewish population center. the Jewish people must first be converted to Christianity. Missionaries convince their recruits that they are not complete as Jews until they accept Jesus as the Messiah. These groups prey almost exclusively upon uneducated. religious artifacts and even traditional music. unaffiliated and alienated Jews. Toronto. These missionary groups—over 900 in North America alone—are active worldwide. in concert with their misleading exploitation of Jewish symbols. In response to this ever-growing threat. Over the past 25 years. Australia and other locations around the globe in responding to the missionary threat. Such “synagogues” have grown in number from 20 to nearly 500 in the last 30 years. seniors’ residences and shopping malls in Jewish neighborhoods. there are over 100 “Messianic” congregations. and Johannesburg. mistranslate and misinterpret Jewish scriptures and rabbinical texts in order to “prove” that Jesus was both the Jewish Messiah and G-d. Jews for Judaism was established in 1985 as the only full-time counter-missionary resource and outreach network spanning North America and beyond. These evangelical Christians have established special “Hebrew Christian synagogues” to attract Jews. Baltimore. South Africa. They deliberately misquote. hospitals. Several groups have founded “Messianic Jewish” day schools for children and “yeshivot” where they produce ordained “Messianic rabbis. Contrary to popular perception. fellowships and yeshivot. Our two primary goals are preventive education and winning back those Jews who have been influenced by missionaries. more than 275. most Jews are susceptible. drug rehabilitation programs. the Former Soviet Union.JEWS FOR JUDAISM The Response to an Urgent Need 55 The Response to an Urgent Need ccording to recent Gallup and Harris polls. Missionaries often target college campuses. there are over 70 million “born again” Christians in North America.

Tapes Providing a central resource for books. and has produced its own selection of literature and audio and video tapes in English.org. provide an opportunity for those attending to hear a Jewish perspective and encourage them to re-evaluate their spiritual direction. “Jews for Judaism! It’s about time!” Exit Counseling Conducting one-on-one sessions with individuals who are involved with Christianity or cults. we are engaged in conversation by passers-by and many thankful Jews who exclaim. German and French. Our staff and volunteers take up nearby positions. and in a friendly. and provides for its distribution and dissemination. we have created award winning websites on the Internet www. In addition.” monitoring missionary activity. Spanish. polite manner. Jews for Judaism provides a counter-presence.56 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries Jews for Judaism achieves these goals through counseling “Hebrew Christians. Family Crisis Counseling Helping families whose loved one has been ensnared by a cult or missionary group.tworoadsonepath. Portuguese. offering a speakers’ bureau and intensive counter-missionary courses.org.jewishpassion. www. “Hebrew Christian” Outreach Jews for Judaism staff and volunteers are present at conferences organized by “Hebrew-Christians”.com and www. Literature. JEWS FOR JUDAISM’S PROGRAMS AND SERVICES Books. Russian. Counter-leafletting When zealous missionaries descend upon busy street corners to hand out their tracts.jewsforjudaism. distribute our materials to those who have received the missionary literature. Hebrew. Jews for Judaism is also a pioneer in worldwide advertising of counter-missionary materials. Often. audio and video tapes on the subjects of cults and missionaries. . and attempt to facilitate a meeting with one of our exit counselors for the individual involved. literature. We work with the troubled family to keep lines of communication open. Jews for Judaism produces the largest selection of counter-missionary literature in the world. We help them re-evaluate their decisions and help them return to Judaism.

They regularly address Jewish communities. Speakers Bureau Our dynamic speakers are renowned authorities on the missionary and cult problem. Monitoring Our offices track the activities of over 900 missionary and cult groups worldwide that are targeting Jews for conversion. synagogues and organizations throughout North America on a wide variety of topics. book a speaker for your group or arrange a personal consultation. Russian Programs Providing Russian-language literature.org North American Toll Free: (800) 477-6631 . Jews for Judaism’s programs are a powerful way of strengthening our communities against the missionary threat and encouraging commitment to Judaism. We’d be happy to help. Our files are a source for individuals doing research as well as communities and individuals seeking information about missionary and cult groups operating throughout the world. chatlines and a biweekly e-mail letter. Library and Archives We have the largest collection of missionary and counter-missionary materials in the world. Jews for Judaism http://wwwjewsforjudaism. Cultivating Cult-Evading and Jews in the Lotus: Today’s Quest for Spirituality and the Lure of the East. tapes and programs for the vulnerable Russian Jewish population. If you would like to receive further information.JEWS FOR JUDAISM’S PROGRAMS AND SERVICES Hospitality Offering the beauty of a Shabbat or Holiday experience in the warm atmosphere of a friendly and caring Jewish home. Outreach to the Deaf and Blind Communities Preparing and distributing special materials and coordinating with organizations that serve these segments of the Jewish community. such as The Battle for the Jewish Soul: The Missionary Threat to Jews. Media Campaigns Creating advertising and news articles designed to heighten Jewish community awareness of the threat of cult and missionary groups. 57 Internet Presence We maintain the most comprehensive interactive counter-missionary website on the Internet with forums. please call any of our Jews for Judaism offices.

” Rabbi Moshe Stern. We are very grateful that the local Federation referred us to JEWS FOR JUDAISM. We fully approve of the important counter-missionary work of Jews for Judaism.” Rabbi Yitzchak Feigenbaum. ON “My experience in Jewish education has shown that Jews for Judaism is the most effective group in North America directly combating this growing threat. The work of Jews for Judaism has become an acknowledged and effective tool in vigorously countering the deceptive tactics of Christian proselytizers who target Jews for conversion. Believe us. He said the tapes were very convincing and helpful. They are very much needed in the Jewish community. Past President. ON Rabbi of Shaarei Tefillah Congregation. Toronto. and encourage the Jewish community to support this very worthwhile cause. NCSY.” K. providing preventive education and most importantly. Katz “When we found out that our 24-year-old son. Principal. there are fewer who have the expertise.” Ray and Judy Elias . ON “I ordered the Jews for Judaism tapes 10 months ago. we know. Toronto. had been convinced by fundamentalist Christians and ‘Jews for Jesus’ to accept Jesus as his lord.” Rabbi Glen Black. winning back those Jews who have become influenced by Christian missionaries. we felt frightened and upset. Tiferes Bais Yaakov High School.” Bernie Farber.S. wisdom and experience to combat the missionary threat effectively. Canadian Jewish Congress. ON “While there are very few in the Jewish community who are willing to tackle this problem. Toronto.58 THE REAL MESSIAH? A Jewish Response to Missionaries WHAT THEY’RE SAYING ABOUT JEWS FOR JUDAISM! “We welcome and support the efforts of Jews for Judaism in monitoring missionary activity. Ontario Region “With the growing threat of Hebrew Christian missionary efforts focusing directly on our Jewish youth. Executive Director. My brotherin-law has since abandoned Christianity and affirmed his belief in Judaism. Va’ad HaRabonim of Toronto. it’s a great comfort to know that Jews for Judaism is a viable force that is constantly working to both thwart the missionary threat and to instill Jewish pride in our young adults. Michael.

they should be deprived of their prayer-books and Talmuds in which such idolatry. Secondly. To sum up. Fourthly... unless in the eyes of God you want to share all their abomination. cursing. When you lay eyes on or think of a Jew you must say to yourself: Alas. We must prayerfully and reverentially practice a merciful severity. In this way we cannot quench the inextinguishable fire of divine rage nor convert the Jews. for they will learn from this pamphlet what the Jews are and how to handle them and that they ought not to be protected. you cannot protect them. and whatever does not burn up should be covered or spread over with dirt so that no one may ever be able to see a cinder or stone of it. we can not tolerate them if we do not wish to share in their lies. passport and traveling privileges should be absolutely forbidden to the Jews. nor merchants. and blaspheming of His Son and His Christians. nor officials. as I have suggested.. Fifthly. who has redeemed me with his precious blood.. For this reason they ought to be put under one roof or in a stable.. and blasphemy are taught. and that we have not wittingly tolerated or approved of such public lying.the Jews.. let everyone at least be guided by his own conscience and form for himself a definition or image of a Jew. Let me give you my honest advice. dear princes and nobles who have Jews in your domains. my wife and children. but miserable captives. lies. their rabbis must be forbidden under threat of death to teach any more. then find a better one so that you and we may all be free of this insufferable devilish burden .1543 What then shall we Christians do with this damned.. We must not seek vengeance. in order that they may realize that they are not masters in our land. curses. And this ought to be done for the honor of God and of Christianity in order that God may see that we are Christians. For they perpetrate the same things there that they do in their synagogues. Thirdly. it prayed and pleaded before God that I. Let the government deal with them in this respect. as they boast. You ought not. like gypsies.The Reformers Offer Some Advice On the Jews On The Jews and Their Lies By Martin Luther . their synagogues should be set on fire. rejected race of Jews? Since they live among us and we know about their lying and blasphemy and cursing. For they have no business in the rural districts since they are not nobles. then some troop ought to ride against them. and all Christians might be . First.. Perhaps we may save a few from the fire and flames [of hell]. and blasphemy. as they complain of incessantly before God with bitter wailing. their homes should likewise be broken down and destroyed. They are surely being punished a thousand times more than we might wish them. that mouth which I there behold has cursed and execrated and maligned every Saturday my dear Lord Jesus Christ. Let them stay at home. nor the like. if this advice of mine does not suit you.If you princes and nobles do not close the road legally to such exploiters. cursing. in addition. But whether the government acts or not.

nor in the middle of Hell but in the pit of Hell. and devilish lot are these Jews. nose.. eyes.next to the devil. damned to Hell... so he polluted and squirted them so full that it oozes from them in all places and devil's filth comes from them. not up in Hell. in order to appropriate our goods. our pestilence. so shall Jews. still they must insist on being right even if after these 1. crucify him. like other humans. poisonous. not in the hundred thousands... Volume 47. For their kidnapping of children they have often been burned at the stake or banished (as we already heard). they are the devil's children. as one cannot fall deeper. in which when drunk empty. as happened under Vespasian in Jerusalem and for evil under Hadrian.. into sin and death.' Scream more: 'His blood come upon us and our children. kidnapped children. tricky serpents. so that they will not fall. Philadelphia: Fortress Press. And he himself would gladly do this if he were able. ears. The Turks and other heathen do not tolerate what we Christians endure from these venomous serpents and young devils. The Jews too got what they deserved. kept tightly closed their muzzles.. justus es Dominie. However. as related before. a dead Jew was found. who sting and work harm stealthily wherever they cannot do it openly. they smack their lips like swine. whole heart and all senses. but no one else be punished. I am well aware that they deny all of this.' (Matthew 27:25) I mean it came and found you. In sum. Of The Unknowable Name and The Generations of Christ By Martin Luther . Yes. Even if they were punished in the most gruesome manner that the streets ran with their blood. Such a desperate. that their dead would be counted. made assassinations. how they have poisoned wells. That is how they want it.500 years they were in misery another 1. still God must be a liar and they must be correct..stabbed to death and perish miserably. they however. assassins.. 1971. Translated by Martin H. a Christian has no more bitter and galling foe than a Jew. I have heard that one Jew sent another Jew. together with a barrel of wine. but in the millions. For this reason. They had been called and elected to be God's mouth as Jeremiah says.Open your mouth wide and I will fill it. namely..500 years. .. I have read and heard many stories about the Jews which agree with this judgment of Christ.1543 But your [God's] judgment is right. and our misfortune. who for these fourteen hundred years have been and still are our plague. this brood of vipers. There is no other to whom we accord as many benefactions and from whom we suffer as much as we do from these base children of the devil. a pot of blood. Bertram. vindictive. thoroughly evil. Call more: 'Crucify him. into their hearts. Yes. heathens and all the others. bitter.. that tastes good to them. and children of the devil. I would like to see them where there are no Christians. it all coincides with the judgment of Christ which declares that they are venomous. Luther's Works. On The Jews and Their Lies. There are many other similar stories. insulted and damned it for such a long time without interruption. who held your word and miracles in contempt and ridiculed. and this by means of a Christian.

simpletoremember.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.. Jesus & Christianity http://www.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no.TorahAtlanta. Inc. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www. trinity.htm Archive of Articles. I am much too mild in insulting such devils.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide..com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.kosherjudaism.MessiahTruth.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. www." by John Calvin.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www.com/counter. The Jew in Christian Theology.beingjewish.Perhaps.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.php Jews for Judaism .html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www. A Response To Questions and Objections of a Certain Jew By John Calvin Their [the Jews] rotten and unbending stiffneckedness deserves that they be oppressed unendingly and without measure or end and that they die in their misery without the pity of anyone.drazin.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.simplyjewish.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www. PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.outreachjudaism.. one of the merciful Saints among us Christians may think I am behaving too crude and disdainfully against the poor. NC and London. 1931.angelfire.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home.att.html Reveals the error.org Response to Missionaries www.jewsforjudaism. miserable Jews in that I deal with them so sarcastically and insulting. Excerpts from "Vom Schem Hamphoras und vom Geschlecht Christi. McFarland and Company. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike. good God. http://jdstone. But. . Jefferson. Gerhard Falk.org/phpBB2/index.jewsforjudaism.org/cr/index." By Martin Luther and an excerpt from "Ad Quaelstiones et Objecta Juaei Cuiusdam Responsio. messiah.

for he or she has then exchanged G-d and His Torah for another (R"L). The veracity of everything that Paul said and wrote is called into question by the fact that these quotes are found in the books he himself authored. and the most successful missionary that ever lived. We only ask of you to seriously consider what we have written here with an open mind and heart. some New Testament editions replace "they" with "people". whether in pretence or in truth. Matthew 1:20 and Luke 1:31 describe "angels" appearing to J's mother and her husband informing them of her forthcoming "immaculate conception" and "virgin birth" to the "Son of Gd" the "Messiah". John 7:5 For even his brothers did not believe in him. where he had been brought up. it is absurd to believe that "angels" really visited them: Mark 3:21 Upon hearing of it. It has been our experience that when a person is calmly shown the factual mistakes and absurdities that are in the New Testament. confessed to using deception and lies to make converts: Romans 3:7 If through my lies G-d's truth abounds to His glory. and in that I rejoice. his family went out to seize him. When compared with the way J's family and neighbors treated him. and sees where it misinterpreted and mistranslated the Hebrew Bible.It is truly surprising how many people there are who confess a belief in J as the Messiah. Before one hastily accepts J as the Messiah. To offset the startling fact that J's family thought that he was insane. and he went to the . who was the author of ½ of the New Testament. J is proclaimed. It is very sad when a Jew falls within this category. why am I still being condemned as a sinner? Philippians 1:18 In every way. a founding father of the early church. Luke 4:16 And J came to Nazareth. the main source of information about him. although "they" is in the original Greek text. for they said. 'He is beside himself'. one should be aware of the fact that Paul. it awakens the realization that he or she was misled. without having first obtained an adequate knowledge and understanding of the New Testament. by people whom they thought were friends.

However. and to give his life as a ransom for many. How very strange it is. Thus. And they rose up. that J died for our sins in accordance with the Scriptures. and he was heard because he feared. it being most important. David's son. one should question this tenet of faith upon evaluating J's state of mind prior to his crucifixion: Hebrews 5:7 J prayed with loud crying and supplications and tears to Him Who was able to save him from death. and neighbors did not notice that he was a "divine being"? And could it have been that his parents forgot or didn't tell anyone what they experienced? This stretches one's imagination. a criteria for one to be the Messiah. what I also received. women are not listed in any genealogy (see Chronicles). on the Sabbath day. Incidentally. one's family lineage is only through the father's male ancestors. that during all the years in which J grew up with them. It was a lucky break for the editors that in their time most people could not read. In Judaism. but two! They both list only male names. the New Testament has not one genealogy of J. Luke 3:23 disagrees and has J descending from David through his other son. In its zeal to "prove" that J is a descendant of King David. if J did not have a human father.. There J hinted to his friends and neighbors that he was the Messiah. Nathan. his brothers.synagogue. . friends. and are completely different: Matthew 1:6 traces J to Solomon. that they might throw him down headlong. The following quotes convey the Christian doctrine stating that J came to Earth to voluntarily die for the sins of mankind. all in the synagogue were filled with wrath. however: Luke 4:28 When they heard this. as his custom was. in the Hebrew Bible. then his ancestral line to David was cut off. and put him out of the city. but to serve.. and led him to the brow of the hill on which their city was built. thus enacting the "ultimate sin atonement" and becoming the "Savior of the world": I Corinthians 15:3 For I delivered to you. I Peter 3:18 For J also died for sins once for all. the righteous for the unrighteous. Mark 10:45 For the Son of Man came not to be served.

J responded: Matthew 23:33 You serpents. and when he made a whip of cords. they did not have in their possession G-d's teachings about the real Messiah and Messianic era. they could only rely on what missionaries told them. how are you to escape being sentenced to hell? The Jewish People. Non-Jews. Therefore. determine for yourself if J could have been this towering spiritual giant: John 2:13 In the Temple. Firstly. why have You forsaken me?' Luke 22:43 And there appeared an angel to him from heaven. he will need to be capable of relating to and interacting with all nations.Matthew 27:46 About the ninth hour J cried out with a loud voice: 'My G-d. you brood of vipers. and his sweat was as great drops of blood falling down to the ground. on the other hand. The Messiah is an individual who has attained such an exalted spiritual level as to be prepared to commune with G-d at any time. sheep and pigeons and the money changers sitting. strengthening him. and individuals. were at a double disadvantage concerning J. they had only learned of his existence after his death. But J answered him 'Follow me and leave the dead to bury their own dead. my G-d. As the leader and role model for all the human race. Matthew 8:21 Another of the disciples asked him. and he poured out the coins of the money changers and overturned their tables. And being in agony he prayed more earnestly. after having seen and heard J in person rejected him. as our Prophets had taught us during the previous 1300 years. In the situations quoted below. He will be the perfect servant of G-d: Isaiah 11:12 The Spirit of G-d shall rest on him The spirit of wisdom and understanding The spirit of counsel and might The spirit of knowledge and the fear of G-d. From Mark 11:16 we learn : And he would not allow anyone to carry anything through the Temple. . let me first go and bury my father. some editions of the New Testament omit it from the text. and secondly. out of the Temple. because he simply did not meet the criteria for one to be the Messiah. as did the Jews. J found those selling oxen. with their sheep and oxen. he drove them all. Because this verse is excessively revealing. and have it in the footnotes. cultures.' To those who disagreed with him.

org /// www.org /// www. Moshe Maimonides included in his Code of Jewish Law specifically what an individual must accomplish before he is known to be the real Messiah (Mishne Torah Kings 11:4) "If a king will arise from the House of David. and he will fight the wars of G-d. and reinforce the breaches in its observance. the only basis for identifying the Messiah. we may presume that he is the Messiah.drazin. who is learned in Torah. If he does these things.com .outreachjudaism. It is quite obvious that according to Jewish Law and Tradition. as David his ancestor was. builds the Third Temple in its place and gathers the dispersed of Israel.From these facts.E. In the 12th century C. he surely is not the Messiah promised in the Torah". For more info about this topic online please read: Their Hollow Inheritance. and is fully successful.torahatlanta.A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries go to http://www. If he did not succeed to this degree. then he is definitely the Messiah. as prescribed by the Written Law and Oral Law.messiahtruth. observant of the commandments. one can understand why missionaries consider it worth the enormous amounts of money.com/ For more info visit these useful websites: www.jewsforjudaism. We are the only eyewitnesses as to whether J is the Messiah or not. time and effort they devote to converting Jews. or he was killed. Jesus was definitely not him.com /// www. and he will compel all Israel to walk in the way of the Torah.

he laid its foundations.” Is Jesus a personification of idol worship? Missionaries do a cut-and-paste job since their types and shadows ignore pshat.g. centuries before Jesus. We present an example of Biblical prophecy to show how it works: "Joshua caused [the people] to swear at that time saying. www. corporate solidarity.” Jewish Scripture. “When Israel was a child I loved him and…” Hosea calls Israel.see 7:1-2] shall be forsaken (7:16).org . the New Testament takes a broader approach to the subject of messianic prophecy (e.churchinfocus. Immanuel is clearly born in King Ahaz’s time. according to the word of G-d He spoke through Joshua son of Nun (I Kings 16:34).org/modules. Even missionaries concede prophecy fulfillment is generally not based on pshat: Don't fall into the mistake of assuming that every time a New Testament writer cites an Old Testament text and applies it to Jesus (even if a "fulfillment" formula is followed). as the plain meaning of Scripture (pshat) does not support the missionary agenda. “points to Jesus” even when the text is plainly not discussing Jesus. (http://www.. thematic parallels. Matthew 2:15 claims that when Jesus left Egypt he fulfilled “Out of Egypt I called My son (Hosea 11:1). he set up its doors. with Abiriam.). and with Segub. With his firstborn son he will lay its foundations. When Jewish Scripture identifies prophecy as fulfilled. Hiel the Beth-elite built Jericho. etc. Isaiah tells Ahaz. we see a direct one-to-one correspondence between prophecy and fulfillment. Examples Where Jesus Does Not Fulfill the Pshat of Scripture a. and with his youngest he will set up its gates' (Joshua 6:26). typology. the opposite of the missionary method. the land whose two kings you dread [Rezin and Pekah.” The downfall of these two kings quickly took place (II Kings 15:29-30. and burnt incense to graven images (11:2). 16:9).” The beginning of that verse reads. 'Cursed before G-d is the man who rises up and builds this city Jericho. G-d’s son. Is this missionary claim at all justified? This missionary method is not surprising." We read of the fulfillment: "In his days.php?name=News&file=article&sid=26) The Biblical Approach to Prophecy The missionary approach to prophecy is alien to the Biblical view. b. Hosea is not making a prediction about anyone but remembering Israel’s exodus long ago. Hosea continues to teach us that this son of G-d is not so righteous after all. it must have been a direct/literal prediction coupled with a direct/literal fulfillment. historical correspondences/analogies." We see that Biblical prophecy is directly predictive. his firstborn. In most cases by far. not Jesus.1 Missionary Types and Shadows Missionaries rely heavily on very non-literal readings of the Hebrew Bible. we are told. “They sacrificed to the Baalim. Isaiah predicts to King Ahaz that a young woman will give birth to Immanuel (7:14). his youngest. They call these “types” and “foreshadows. “Before the child shall know to reject evil and choose good.SimplyJewish.

php?name=News&file=article&sid=25) Supposedly. The pshat suggests otherwise: obedience. In these and other cases. “Sacrifice and meal offering you do not desire.” (http://www.2 Missionaries honest enough to admit the timing of Immanuel’s birth nevertheless insist it is a foreshadowing of another “Immanuel”.org/modules. (Missionaries do not dare say the “first” Immanuel was born of a virgin.” d. listening to G-d is greater than sacrifice. if not. With this interpretive license. it supposedly does not matter that Psalms 40:7 never mentions a body.” There is no such verse in the Hebrew Bible! Missionaries say this is no problem. pay me my wages. not sacrifice.churchinfocus. thirty shekels of silver. Jesus “fulfilled” the invented words “he shall be called Nazarene” by going to Nazareth.” Missionaries claim this foreshadows Judas’ betrayal of Jesus for thirty shekels (Matthew 26:15) as Judas threw the money into the Temple (27:5) Zechariah never says the transaction predicts a future event.SimplyJewish. and knowledge of G-d more than burnt offerings (Hosea 6:6). G-d said to me. claiming that Jesus fulfilled Biblical verses that do not exist! Matthew 2:23 quotes (if that is the right word) “He shall be called a Nazarene. Missionaries press even further. and which verses are intended as such and which are not? Given the countless “type and shadow” meanings one can read into a text. Since Isaiah refers to Messiah figuratively as a netzer [shoot] (11:1). ears You have opened for me. we should not be surprised when missionaries actually admit that the New Testament misquotes Biblical verses. How can they determine whether Scripture ever intended types and shadows.org . missionaries claim it does not matter whether Jesus fulfilled the pshat of Jewish Scripture. He fulfilled these prophecies anyway. Zechariah 11:12-13 reads. Psalms “proves” that Jesus “fulfills” Psalms 40 and that crucifixion atones for mankind.’ So they weighed out my wages. ‘If you think it good. don’t. and (contrary to pshat) posit the superiority of a particular sacrifice above all else. Unverified and Unverifiable Interpretations How does one test the validity of types and shadows? Missionaries cherish them because THERE IS NO STANDARD OF VERIFICATION.” “There’s no real difficulty here since the writer of Hebrews views Psalms 40:7 as typologically referring to Christ rather than as a literal or direct messianic prophecy. Psalms 40:7 reads. Since the altered version in Hebrews 10:5 allegedly gives the “true sense” of Psalms. www." Missionaries assume without textual basis that Psalms 40 is a prediction. In fact the city of Nazareth is never mentioned in Jewish Scriptures. which I have divested of them. Pshat indicates no “prophecy” to be “fulfilled. “Then I said to them. ‘Cast it to the treasurer of the Temple. e.” The New Testament misquotes it as “a BODY you have prepared for me (Hebrews 10:5). similar to "I desire kindness. but we will not let ourselves be disturbed by such facts right now) c. how can they know which meaning is meant? Claims that are not testable are worthless. namely Jesus.

p. Perhaps Zechariah’s acceptance of thirty shekels does not predict any other thirty-shekel transaction. but merely inquires into the meaning and significance of the laws or where it only uses the words of Scripture as a vehicle to convey a moral teaching or a religious instruction and consolation. There are at least five critical differences between Jewish Midrash and missionary types and shadows. But how do we establish the credibility of Jesus? Easy.3 Missionaries fail to address other legitimate possibilities. however. as pshat indicates. What if Hosea is speaking only of Israel as G-d’s son? Suppose Isaiah is speaking of one Immanuel. Missionaries ask why they must be held accountable to the pshat given the existence of Jewish Midrash.homiletic meanings. The types and shadows are true because they come from Jesus. What is a Midrash? According to Moses Mielziner in Introduction to the Talmud. homiletical interpretation.html]. 7).” (Emphasis mine) [http://messiahtruth. Here we arrive at the circular reasoning of missionaries.he fulfilled so many types and shadows! Missionary Double Standard The perceptive reader will notice the double standard by which missionaries operate. Do they apply the same poetic license in interpreting the New Testament as they do to the Hebrew Bible? Not at all! They take the New Testament very seriously. Midrash is used for Midrash.com/midrash. “Where the Midrash does not concern legal enactments and provisions. which supplement the pshat of Scripture. There is no such thing as a Midrashic fulfillment of a prophecy. and give the New Testament writers the same liberty and literary freedom in using Scripture to portray truth as they do the writers and authors of the Tanach [Hebrew Bible] (Messianic Believer’s First Response Handbook. According to Moshe Yosef Koniuchowsky. Nothing indicates that types and shadows are absolute truth.Rabbinic homiletics. (Certainly missionaries reject Charles Manson’s claim that the New Testament hints to the Beatles) In recent years. a. Anyone claiming to find “types and shadows” in the New Testament is labeled a Mormon.” www. Hebrew-Christian. counter-missionaries are guilty “by refusing to make allowance. Missionaries use types and shadows to establish pshat. missionaries have accused Judaism of practicing a double standard. Midrash and missionary prooftexting are not at all comparable.org . etc. Moonie. it is called ‘Midrash Agadah’ Interpretation of the Agadah. Yet missionaries say they are solid enough to dogmatically identify Messiah and send the unconvinced to hell! Circular Reasoning of Missionaries Missionaries would respond that their types and shadows are valid because Jesus and his disciples taught them. They refer to Midrash.” As we shall see.SimplyJewish.

SimplyJewish. but goodness is G-d’s purpose in creation Missionaries try to have their cake and eat it too. Likewise the Rabbis homiletically link Isaiah 53 with the Messiah.these are the deeds of the righteous. and his work … The first is that many times verses that deal with categories of people are used to apply to individuals. and why specifically to this chapter. The same is true for Midrash. in a thirteenth-century disputation with the Church said. and one of the listeners whom the sermon pleased recorded it (Disputation at Barcelona. and effected their atonement. Obviously it does not mean human actions took place in the beginning of creation. Clearly Isaiah when he was prophesying was talking of someone in the future and not Moses who had been in the past. Neither is meant literally. In general Midrash is not meant to be taken literally (Maimonides: Introduction to Mishnah Commentary). and then it has all the properties that the set has… Since the Jewish understanding is that Isaiah is about Israel (and specifically the righteous of Israel). any individual of exceptional personality could be compared to some of the verses there with valid results.4 Nachmanides. 7). But I would not know which of them G-d desires. It is not a prophecy to be “fulfilled”.’ AND THE LAND WAS CHAOS AND VOID. We all know that Moses was the greatest of the prophets and was known as the 'servant of G-d'. It's pretty much like the concept of set inclusion. The Midrash is teaching a moral lesson: human action is analogous (not identical) to light and darkness. even though Isaiah is speaking of a future event. So. (http://messiahtruth. the Holy One foresaw the deeds of the righteous and wicked.these are the deeds of the wicked-G-D SAID LET THERE BE LIGHT. they claim he is Immanuel.html). so the question is what lessons are the Rabbis trying to teach by relating Moses to this chapter. for example. Israel. G-D SAW THE LIGHT THAT IT WAS GOOD [I conclude] He desires the deeds of the righteous and not the deeds of the wicked (Genesis Rabbah 2:5). By so doing the Midrash allows us to look at the greatness of Moses. are likewise there in the Servant. They use non-pshat methods to get pshat results. www. This is why the Talmud relates the Suffering Servant of Isaiah 53 with Moses.com/midrash. let us look at an actual Midrash: “From the beginning of the word’s creation. meaning sermons. Sotah is showing us that many of the great qualities that Moses had.” To better understand the nature of Midrash. Something is a member of the set. Isaiah 53 is interpreted as referring to Moses. "We have a third book called Midrash. They do not merely say that Jesus is homiletically connected to Immanuel. the speaker can relate a verse to person X without person X being the actual subject of the verse. p. but the way of the wicked shall become lost (Psalms 1:6). Rabbi Moshe Shulman explains in What is a Midrash? : “In Sotah 14a. so Moses prayed for those who were guilty of the sin of the golden calf. But when it is written. where the servant of Isaiah prays for sinners. ‘For G-d knows the way of the righteous.” This passage is neither historical nor predictive. The ancient Jewish view and that which appears continually in the words of the commentators (as we will discuss later) are that the Servant is Israel who is called Servant throughout Isaiah.the deeds of the righteous or of the wicked.org . This is like what is written. It is just as if the bishop would rise and deliver a sermon." In a sermon.

they maintain he is actually the fulfillment of this legal datum. www. It’s not as if Judaism took a scripture of someone’s religion and then demonstrated through “Midrash” that Judaism alone is the true successor to that religion. While the details of Biblical commandments are absent. The existence of the Oral Law is evident from the Written Law itself. c. The commandments are stated in vague generalities. their ongoing validity. G-d is immutable. It is prohibited to leave one’s "place" on the Sabbath (Exodus 16:29). practice of the commandments brings righteousness and salvation.” Midrashic interpretation reveals deeper meanings but does not reject pshat. Judaism posits that that two Torahs were revealed at Mt. the exclusive chosenness of the Jewish people. commandments can be kept. b.org . These include: the binding character of the commandments. Jewish Midrash supplements pshat. found in pshat of Scripture. there is no doubt for which commandments a Jew is responsible. without the numerous details found in every respectable legal system. Leviticus 23:40 commands taking the “fruit of the tree of splendor (pri etz hadar)” on the Feast of Tabernacles. To identify this day requires knowing when is the first day of that month. The Rabbis have a rule that “Scripture does not depart from the plain meaning (Shabbat 63a). The New Testament does not even claim to be rooted in an unbroken tradition going back to the revelation of the Torah. Sinai: Written Law and Oral Law. Judaism does not rely on Midrash to establish there is such a thing as Judaism. From the Written Law the practices and essential beliefs of Judaism are known. d. neighborhood. Exodus 12:15 bids us to eat matza on seven days of Passover. Types and shadows replace pshat. Basic Jewish doctrines. property. while Deuteronomy 16:8 says to eat it for six days. New Testament needs types and shadows to claim its religion even exists. Pri etz hadar is a botanically meaningless statement even to Hebrew-speaking scientists. city or state? Only the Oral Law tells us. Maimonides' famous formulation of the Thirteen Fundamentals of Judaism is all based on Scriptural verses he cites. the Messiah inherits David’s throne solely through paternal birth line. They do not simply relate Jesus homiletically to the Passover Lamb. Only the Oral Law can reconcile the contradiction. As for beliefs. Does this mean one’s house. etc. types and shadows are employed to deny basic Biblical doctrines. which the Written Law does not say. Yet we find that the Written Law simply does not tell us what to do. dismissal of Judaism would be entirely justified. Midrash reveals deeper meaning of an existing religion. By contrast. Were that the case. There is no clue which species is mentioned without a clarifying Oral Law. are denied by missionaries. Jewish Midrash is rooted in an oral transmission from Sinai. G-d is not a man.SimplyJewish. The Passover holiday begins on the fifteenth day of the first month (Leviticus 23:6). It is clear from Scripture that (1) Gd is just and (2) G-d wants the Law to be obeyed.5 period.

No outsider can claim to know the Oral Law better than those who teach it in the first place. even matters of controversy in your gates.SimplyJewish. and keep the law according to what they teach you. and you shall remove the evil from your midst (Deut. It does mean that midrashic concepts and methodology are essentially Sinaitic. The charge that the Sages basically falsified the Oral Torah is incoherent. Do not turn aside from the word that they tell you. And the man that does willfully. between verdict and verdict. neither right nor left. An unwritten tradition by definition is only known from the Sages who transmit it. the Sanctuary site. 17:8-12). who then taught it to future generations of Sages. “If a matter for judgment is too difficult for you. You shall do according to the word that they will tell you. “The place that G-d shall choose” means. Assuming the missionary viewpoint. You shall come to the priests. Nothing in Jewish Scripture tells us to trust the New Testament writers. According to the Torah that they teach you and according to the judgment that they say to you.” This passage clearly establishes that the Jewish judiciary has authority in matters of Jewish law. the Levites and to the judge that shall be in those days. We are obligated to follow this judiciary. G-d must have given an Oral Law to Moses to explain what the Written Law means. It follows that Moses would transmit this Oral Law to his disciples. The masters of Midrash are the same Talmudic Rabbis who themselves were members of the divinely ordained judiciary known as the Sanhedrin. These Sages have taught us that Oral Torah encompasses both Halacha (law) and also Midrash. Midrash is also given at Sinai (Yerushalmi Peah 2:6). Establishing Jesus’ Credentials We would like to ask those who preach types and shadows: how could Jesus’ credential have been established in the first place? The New Testament had not been written yet during early first century. between plague and plague. e. throughout the Bible. The judiciary that sat there is the Sanhedrin. you must do. Their only basis to judge was the plain words of the Hebrew Bible. Jews did not then know missionary types and shadows. You shall ask and they will tell you the word of judgment. together with their students. between blood and blood. we can too. only in the hands of Jewish Sages. Midrash is not from a separate group with separate ideas. you shall go up the place that the L-rd your G-d shall choose.6 It is obvious to any objective reader that one cannot know how to perform the Biblical commandments based on Written Law alone. If there is an Oral Torah. how could those Jews have possibly known what to look for? How can the credibility of a would-be messiah depend on types and shadows? Yet Jesus is portrayed in the Gospels as demanding people’s obedience early in his career! www.org . The Rabbis of Midrash have Biblical credibility. If G-d trusts them. not listening to the priest standing to serve L-rd your. Deuteronomy 17 requires obeying them in matters of law. why not believe those responsible for transmitting it that Oral Torah contains Midrash too? This does not mean that every Midrashic statement was said verbatim at Sinai. that man shall die. Gd or to the judge. There is no good reason not to believe these same Rabbis when they present Midrash as valid and authentic. from the place that G-d will choose.

SimplyJewish. it would be an embarrassingly small list. and actually contravenes the meaning of Scripture. Types and shadows fly in the face of how Biblical prophecy works.anti-missionary.org -. Space does not permit a discussion of the mistranslations. 200. Analogies to Jewish Midrash have no validity.org . We quote again from Church in Focus: In most cases by far. We are not optimistic that their advice will be heeded. Missionaries cannot afford to dispense with types and shadows because they aim to promote a false messiah. thematic parallels. One point is in order. Source: SimplyJewish. however. corporate solidarity. such tract titles as "300 Prophecies Fulfilled in One Day!" or "70 Prophecies Fulfilled at the Cross!").7 “Didn’t Jesus Fulfill Pshat Also?” Missionaries may also deny their dependence on types and shadows by pointing to certain Biblical prophecies that they claim were fulfilled by Jesus according to pshat. No one has ever shown this writer one prophecy that Jesus clearly and literally fulfilled. the New Testament takes a broader approach to the subject of messianic prophecy (e.com www. We appreciate Church In Focus advising fellow missionaries to practice greater honesty: Evangelicals must seek to reform their messianic apologetics with a greater appreciation for the different ways in which the New Testament cites the Old and with a tad less sensationalism in how Jesus' messiahship is presented to unbelieving Jews (e.. misquotations and out-of context readings missionaries use to make such claims. even 300 prophecies present an undifferentiated package. historical correspondences/analogies. The New Testament writers present unverifiable homiletics. Websites and missionaries on the beat.http://www. that claim Jesus fulfilled 100. Summary: Missionaries rely on types and shadows because they know pshat does not justify their beliefs. These men have no Scriptural basis for their authority and credibility as Biblical interpreters. Were they to scale down their list to alleged pshat fulfillments.) (emphasis mine). etc.g. It would be disingenuous of missionaries to make such an argument! The missionary enterprise does not generally make distinctions between pshat and non-pshat fulfillments.g. Missionaries must inflate their own claims by conflating pshat with non-pshat. typology..

SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www.8 PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.org/cr/index. www. Jesus & Christianity http://www.org .org Response to Missionaries www.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.beingjewish.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike.html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www.php Jews for Judaism .com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.simpletoremember.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.SimplyJewish.MessiahTruth.angelfire.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www.com/counter.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide. http://jdstone.htm Archive of Articles. messiah.simplyjewish.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. www.att.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no.html Reveals the error.jewsforjudaism.kosherjudaism.outreachjudaism.jewsforjudaism.drazin.org/phpBB2/index.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.TorahAtlanta. trinity.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.

Invariably.O. ■ ■ ■ ■ But not everything that Jews do is necessarily in line with Judaism. ■ ■ ■ ■ JEWS FOR JUDAISM 2795 Bathurst St. a practice found only in Rabbinic sources. The Torah defines the worship of anything or anyone other than the Creator as idolatry. They’re victims of misleading proselytizing and vulnerable to it due to severe Jewish malnutrition. Jews for Jesus and Messianic Jews reject the Jewish point of view and embrace the perspective of Christianity. as G-d. They wear kippot/skullcaps. They wear prayer shawls resembling those of traditional Jews who designed them according to Rabbinic tradition. Judaism insists that we are able to relate to G-d directly with no intermediaries. They never experienced the rich. They accept the Greek (New) Testament as part of their Bible in addition to the Hebrew Scriptures (Torah). audiotapes. spiritual path that has sustained us as a vibrant. one of the gravest sins.. Their beliefs are not Jewish and have no relation to Judaism. a sincere rejection of past wrongs and resolve to change one’s ways. These are the most powerful ways to help those who have strayed… and show them the way back home. Our rabbis taught. They light Shabbat candles. the Jewish Bible doesn’t conclude by saying. JEWS FOR JUDAISM is the Jewish community's resource. “A little bit of light can dispel a lot of darkness!” JEWS FOR JUDAISM is dedicated to counteracting the efforts of evangelical missionary groups that target Jews for conversion. “How many legs does a dog have if you call the tail a leg? Four! Calling a tail a leg doesn’t make it a leg. Judaism has never taught that nonJews must convert to Judaism to attain spiritual fulfillment. Judaism insists on a pure monotheism that worships only the Creator of the world and no physical. They celebrate a boy’s Bar Mitzvah at age 13.org www. Please contact us if you’d like to receive free literature. They believe that they must convert every person on the planet to Christianity. in practice. They believe that it is impossible to have a relationship with G-d unless we believe in Jesus. a practice ordained by the rabbis of the Talmud.org ■ ■ Jews for Jesus and Messianic Jews strongly argue for the Jewishness of their movements by claiming that Jesus and all his original followers were Jews. On every basic issue of theology. However. How can you help these Jews who have embraced Christianity? The vital first step is to display warmth rather than hostility. ON M6B 4J6 (905) 761-0040 • Fax: (905) 761-0070 toronto@jewsforjudaism. calling it Jewish doesn’t make it Jewish. learned people for over 3. FOR EXAMPLE… Jews for Jesus and Messianic Jews believe in the Christian concept of the Trinity and worship the man. If you have been confronted by groups like Jews for Jesus and require assistance. not the Torah. Those who built and worshipped the Golden Calf were also Jews! However. there’s a very significant issue that we must recognize when thinking about Jews for Jesus and Messianic Jews. a custom found only in the Talmud. they do exactly the opposite! FOR EXAMPLE… Jesus for Jesus and Messianic Jews celebrate the holiday of Chanukah which is mentioned only in Rabbinic sources. These “Hebrew Christians” are not villains. However. Judaism follows the Torah (Biblical) teaching that each individual can secure forgiveness through repentance. For them.jewsforjudaism. created being. “All righteous people from the nations of the world have a share in the world to come.UNMASKING JEWS FOR JESUS by Rabbi Michael Skobac.300 years. Show them what it means to be a passionate Jew who strives for closeness to G-d and personal integrity. Jesus. However.” ■ Jews for Jesus and Messianic Jews claim to reject the Talmud and Rabbinic teachings and follow only what is taught in the Torah (Bible). not the Torah. and not delineated in the Torah. Education Director of Jews for Judaism ■ J ews for Jesus and Messianic Jews claim that what they’re doing is 100% Jewish… the most Jewish thing anyone can do. They maintain that the only way we can be forgiven for any sin is by accepting Jesus and believing that He died as an atoning sacrifice for us. The actual design of prayer shawls is not mentioned in the Torah.” They assert that all people who don’t believe in Jesus will face an eternity in hell. P Box 41032 . © 2006 Jews for Judaism ® Keeping Jew Jewish . Judaism was merely an expression of culture or ethnicity with no real meaning. Be a role model who reaches out to help his fellow Jew and derives inspiration from his heritage. “to be continued. they never acquired a sophisticated level of Jewish education. and not found in the Torah. Toronto. not the Torah. book a speaker for your group or arrange a personal consultation.” ~Abraham Lincoln Jews for Jesus and Messianic Jews are following Evangelical Protestant Christianity. They follow the weekly cycle of Torah and Haftorah readings instituted by our rabbis.

6) Ha-almah does not mean a young woman but the young woman: someone known to Isaiah and Achaz. The Jewish rejection of "virgin birth" is based on at least ten reasons: 1) Betulah definitely means "virgin" (see Leviticus 21:14. We do not fault him for offering unconvincing apologetics. Isaiah reassures the king that a woman will give birth to Immanuel (the name means: G-d is with us) . Deuteronomy 22:14. The birth of Immanuel is a "sign" of G-d's rescue (7:14-17). a rainbow (Genesis 9:13). 62:5)! 5) Context: King Achaz is worried that he will suffer defeat by two foreign kings (7:2). "he will eat cream and honey" (enjoy prosperity-see 7:22). means "young woman. Achaz will not be reassured by a "sign" that Jesus will be born centuries later. Isaiah 8:18 says that children are a "sign" for that is visible." For two thousand years Jews have viewed the Virgin Birth myth as an oddity. for it is a hopeless task. 8) 7:16 says that while the son is growing up he will "not know to reject bad and choose good.the High Priest can marry only a virgin. 3 pp. 47:1. 3) Christian claim support based on the Greek translation. Behold the young woman (almah) is pregnant and will give birth to a son. in his bride). mentioned in Isaiah 7:14. Mary's alleged virginity was not visible to anyone. This prophecy was fulfilled (II Kings 16:5-9. yet Michael Brown persists in justifying this myth (see Answering Jewish Objections to Jesus vol. 15:29-30). 7) Isaiah 7:16 says that Achaz's enemy kings will fall before the son grows up. He needs Gd's salvation now. 2) Almah. signs of virginity. 37:22. and she will call his name Immanuel (Isaiah 7:14). Isaiah 7:14 does not use the word betulah.17-32).VIRGIN BIRTH A MISCONCEPTION "Therefore the L-rd will give you a sign. ." How can this refer to a divine being? 9) 7:16 says of the son." It does not mean virgin (Proverbs 30:18-20 speaks of an adulterous almah!). The New Testament reading of Isaiah 7:14 is such a blatant mistranslation and is so wrenched from context that Jews have assured themselves that they do not need missionaries to understand their own Bible. which supposedly speaks of a virgin birth (23:4. In fact the Greek word for almah (Parthenos) is used to describe Dinah after she was raped (Genesis 34:2-4)! 4) Five times does Isaiah say the word betulah. When did Jesus eat cream and honey? 10) A "sign" must be visible e. The evidence against the Christian myth is overwhelming. 23:12. but not in 7:14.not in Jesus' time.g.a groom claims he did not find betulim.

never given birth." Brown argues that if betulah clearly means virgin. undoubtedly he would have not have said almah. This is completely false. Brown provides no reason to reject the traditional view that the double expression is meant to include other types of physical intimacy. or know loss of children" (47:8). is no reason to reject the virgin birth. Theoretically this verse could be speaking. whom no man had known. betulah is certainly a clearer expression of virginity. never raised young men or virgins. Isaiah metaphorically refers to Babylon as a betulah (47:1) and warns Babylon against a false sense of security. young man. and he clearly does say this (7:16). "a betulah. When we reiterate that virgin is a Biblical convention for unmarried woman. Isaiah 23:4 says.Brown maintains that both betulah and almah are ambiguous. Brown thinks that since Job has no way of knowing who is a virgin. In fact. Logically. Even if there would be a verse where betulah means non-virgin or a verse where almah means virgin. metaphorically. Even if we disregard that parallel expressions are common in Scripture." Here Brown violates a basic rule of interpretation: Scripture in the light interprets Scipture in the dark. young children and women. Therefore usage of almah in 7:14. maintains Brown. Immanuel is not Jesus. If Isaiah wanted to make a point that a birth would be virginal. . Job pledges "not to look lustfully at a betulah" (31:1). Brown argues that betulah does not necessarily mean virgin. What of the objection that Isaiah is in context clearly speaking of a woman in his timecenturies before Mary? Brown claims that there is "no record of fulfillment" (no verse says "and so Immanuel was born"). but the point is "young woman." On this basis. He cites a few verses that mention betulah although the issue is not virginity per se. Brown must at least show that betulah can mean a non-virgin. (2) Isaiah is referring to Babylon in the present while Babylon is referring to herself in the future. virgin." If Isaiah says he will be born in the contemporary generation. This a dim view of the Hebrew language that Isaiah can use no term to clearly mean virgin when that is supposedly his entire point. Rebecca is described in Genesis 24:16 as. Brown's point is moot. he cannot mean virgin. "I have never labored.like a betulah dressed in sackcloth for the husband of her youth (Joel 1:8). of a betrothed virgin or a consummated woman (in ancient Jewish culture betrothal and consummation were months apart). Babylon believes." The word "virgin" is used." Ezekiel 9:6 speaks as: "slay to death old man. Finally we come to a verse where betulah and widowhood are explicitly linked: "Lament. That "virgin" is a Biblical expression for unmarried woman does not detract from the literal meaning. there is no need for any "record of fulfillment. In Biblical thought unmarried women are expected to be virgins. so either can be used for virgin or non-virgin. "I shall not become a widow. What could be better for Brown than a betulah who is widowed and missing her children? He ignores that (1) there is greater fluidity with metaphorical than literal descriptions. the rest of the phrase is superfluous. Scripture elsewhere mentions betulah in full clarity and so reveals Joel's intention: a betrothed virgin.

What two kings suffered a downfall because of Jesus? Do Christians believe there was a virgin birth in Isaiah's time.outreachjudaism. http://www. Isaiah gives no indication whatsoever that this is a dual prophecy (indeed dual prophecy is unbiblical). messiah. Summary: Betulah definitely means virgin. http://jdstone.htm Jewish Response to Christian Missionaries MP3s . Finally. This explanation is nothing but a desperate attempt to hide from an obvious disproof.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries. This is totally preposterous.." Achaz dreads the two kings of Israel and Aram. Christianity. distortions and falsehood of. Jesus.. trinity.org/cr/index. In other words.http://www.htm Archive of Articles. not Biblical origin.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www. Mary has no more to do with Immanuel than does the mother of Elvis Presley.TorahAtlanta.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.. that 7:16 is a dual prophecy.org Response to Missionaries www.simpletoremember. in those days.. http://www. there are two Immanuels: the real Immanuel and Jesus. and Isaiah certainly would have used this word had he spoken of a virgin birth. and was fulfilled. the frequency of virgin births in pagan mythology raises great suspicion that the New Testament myth is of pagan.jewsforjudaism. The story surrounding Immanuel's conception has no resemblance to the Nativity of Jesus. The evidence against the New Testament is so overwhelming that Brown makes a telling concession. the land whose two kings you dread shall be deserted.org -.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah. http://www. like other missionaries.angelfire. He admits that Immanuel was born in Isaiah's time but claims.com PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. and the deliverance his name represents (G-d is with us) was predicted to be fulfilled. Dual prophecy is as baseless as triple or quadruple prophecy.anti-missionary.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.Let us look at 7:16 in full: "For before the child will know to refuse evil and choose good.kosherjudaism. Note: some of the ideas in this essay are taken from Tovia Singer's Let's Get Biblical Source: SimplyJewish. in addition to Jesus?!.html Reveals the error.com/counter.MessiahTruth. Immanuel is obviously born in Isaiah's time. but these kings will be defeated before Immanuel grows up.

The borrowing. . who could not return to earth till all had heard the Gospel. who wrote at least 13 of the 27 books of the New Testament. Paul of Tarsus. Each must repent or reject in response to hearing the Good News. While all souls are important. Sanders Try this: Ask any fundamentalist Christian why his/her spiritual forebears launched the Inquisition. I know the answers intimately. . they also believe the New Testament to be equally. a royal priesthood." Real Christians affirm that all non-believers are lost. Ask them. To real Christians. While believing the original Hebrew Scriptures to be the infallible and inspired word of God. the conversion of the Jew is the top priority in world evangelism. . This is the ultimate responsibility of all real Christians (Matthew 24:14). I myself used these passages in raising funds to evangelize Jewish souls (may G-d forgive me). (An unfortunate percentage believe the Holocaust was a 1 . they are not truly "Bible believing." Paul says the natural. They will tell you. and the conclusions are obvious -. as we shall see. now that he has died to set them free from the sins committed under the first covenant" (Hebrews 9:15) Real Christians regard observance of the Torah as an impossibly futile exercise. till the last home and hamlet had been reached. Lest you think these are harmless theological sound bites. I spent years living by one imperative: Preach the Gospel (personal salvation through faith in Christ) to the ends of the earth (to all people everywhere)." So. the Jews are currently in a state of spiritual blindness and rebellion and subject to the wrath of God. one of Jesus' closest disciples. Real Christians have a love-hate relationship toward the Jews. Paul hints at a day when the Jews will respond: "Israel has experienced a hardening in part (by rejecting Christ) until the full number of Gentiles has come in. He adds that Jews who come to faith in Christ can be regrafted and thus there will be one reconstituted people of God (Romans 11:17-24).Just Say Know: What "Real Christians" Believe about Jews by Mark W. Otherwise. refined the focus. then for the Gentile. Real Christians love the Jews and wouldn't do that." But Paul explains that this had to happen for God's acceptance to be extended to the Gentiles. one community of faith. saying "the gospel .and ominous. the Crusades. 6. ." (Romans 1:16) Many missions to Jews use this text to validate their outreach. the redefining. real Christians believe that Jews and Gentiles should become one people. or the Holocaust. though superceedingly. is that through the gospel the Gentiles are heirs together with Israel. "Those weren't real Christians. do "real Christians" believe about Jews? As a former fundamentalist minister. Through this enterprise. This includes Paul's words in which he calls Jews "the enemies of the Gospel. 10 out of 10 will retort. a people belonging to God" (I Peter 2:9). and sharing together in the promise in Christ Jesus" (Ephesians 3:6). ." (Romans 11:26). members together of one body. Using an olive tree to represent "the people of God. a holy nation. And so all Israel will be saved . Can you say a-s-s-i-m-i-l-a-t-i-o-n? Real Christians believe they have replaced the Jews as the chosen people. . what then. I believed that Christians would eventually trigger the second coming of Christ. The only value of the Torah is to teach us all that we couldn't keep God's standard and thus needed a savior to rescue us from the penalty of falling short of it. Paul explains "the mystery of Christ . All of these terms were used exclusively of ancient Israel. is the power of God for the salvation of everyone who believes: first for the Jew. So. wrote "you are a chosen people. Real Christians believe the Torah is null: "Christ is the mediator of a new covenant that those who are called may receive the promised eternal inheritance. as outlined in Matthew 28:18. For them. cultivated branches (the Jews) were broken off so that wild branches (the Gentiles) could be grafted in. Jews are most important. Look at Exodus 19:5. inspired. consider the applications of these views. Peter.

" Not surprisingly. a multi-million dollar assimilation movement has evolved internationally to woo. their baseline objective has not shifted: Bring the Jews to faith in Christ by any and all means. entice. When seen for what it is. All nonChristians must hear the message of salvation. Belief in that imperative keeps the money flowing to fulfill the Great Commission to reach all the world. sponsoring massive literature mailings to Russian immigrants in Israel. however. This is a passionate point of no compromise for all real Christians." holding high visibility street and campus rallies to attract vulnerable Jewish youth. but today they must be absorbed into Christendom to find their real identity. including Orange County's Chuck Smith of Calvary Chapel and Paul and Jan Crouch of the Trinity Broadcasting Network. they are increasingly in popularity. their zeal includes the spiritual extinction of today's Jews. I recall that not one of those 600 converts was from a truly Orthodox Jewish home. They had not found a secure place amongst their own families and communities. each could be a minor celebrity.000 years ago? As one who engaged in it in this generation. beguile. who originally were dispersed from ancient Israel by the Assyrians and Babylonians. However. The real Jews are the descendants of the Northern Europeans. massive "Christian Zionist" tours to Israel. he also informed me that the Holocaust was "a mega-myth." While this man's views are not mainstream. They actually believe such activities will inspire a spiritual shift in Jew's allegiance and affiliation. support. (I shudder to think how I contributed to it. printing "Jewish New Testaments. I once observed that many of them were not well-adjusted psychologically or emotionally. But from my own personal dealings with these and other groups. The fundamentalist theo-political agenda has no room for pluralism or tolerant co-existence with people of divergent views. You are in or out. All of these people are unflinchingly committed to evangelize the Jews. and promoting special "Jewish" youth camps with an emphasis on messianic music and Bible study. There's a darker side to this. These include establishing messianic "shuls" with free Passover seders and high holy day services. They practice Talmudism. we had some 600 Jews. and reconciliation towards the Jews" is a siren's song. redeemed or damned. In my church of several thousand members. I soberly submit. saved or lost. Gucci couldn't have designed a better fit. Perhaps the real Christians could love us a little less and pursue justice a little more? 2 .) Over the last 20 years. All non-Christians are in darkness and need a savior. as well as carefully cultivated meetings with Israel's top leaders. They are really Edomites. well-connected Newport Beach "real Christian" who told me "the Jews of today are not Jews at all. Looking back. A converted Jew was awarded special significance. or 1.payback for the Jews' role in the crucifixion. s/he was the fulfillment of the ultimate Christian mitzvah. Star Trek fans will discern a Borg-like parallelism in this. the unaffiliated Jew. the biblically illiterate Jew. I guarantee that all talk of "understanding. choreographed by those clever Edomite-Jews who are really part of the subhuman mud races. it's not. They don't practice Judaism. Southern California is home to high profile evangelists who have raised millions of dollars to "improve" Jewish/Christian/Israel relations. win. amongst the Christians. or ensnare the secularized Jew. 500. who claim to be 40+ million strong in America. How is that any different than the evils done 50. Coincidence? While many fundamentalist Christian leaders express contrition for the historical abuses of Jews. I spoke with a wealthy. Today's Jews are a spiritual anachronism for real Christians.) Jews do have value as the former harbingers of God's justice and righteousness." then changing to read "Jesus" after a few weeks. This has involved grandiose philanthropy for Jewish and Israeli projects. the disillusioned Jew. Jesus warned of wolves in sheep's clothing. descended from Esau. One leader I know raised money to put up billboards in Orthodox neighborhoods saying only "Isaiah 53.

MessiahTruth.> Mark Sanders is a former Pentecostal. Mark is the Outreach Director of > the Los Angeles office of Jews for Judaism.kosherjudaism.angelfire.outreachjudaism. In the process of mastering Hebrew. Christianity.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.TorahAtlanta. distortions and falsehood of.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults. Now an observant Jew. http://www. http://www. http://www.htm Jewish Response to Christian Missionaries MP3s 3 .htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.jewsforjudaism.com/counter. working in kibbutzim and the Israeli public > school system. he began to see many > serious inconsistencies and errors in the Christian Bible. http://jdstone.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.org/cr/index. PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www. trinity. messiah. fundamentalist minister who engaged in > missionary activity in Israel....org Response to Missionaries www.htm Archive of Articles.html Reveals the error. Jesus.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries. His studies of > Tanakh persuaded him to rethink & eventually resign from his Christian > views of the Bible..simpletoremember.

PDF UNEDITED By Moshe Shulman http://judaismsanswer.‫ז המ ה ח ש‬ ‫ר א נ הד‬ ‫ו‬ ‫ע‬ The New Aid for Faith ISAIAH 53 PART 1.com 1 .

Finally I would like to acknowledge my debt to our Rabbis who have shown us the way to understand the simple meaning of the words of the Tenach. The points they raised have been addressed. I would like to thank my friend Tovia Singer. originally started as an attempt to transcribe his ideas on Isaiah 53 from his lecture series. First. consider the information presented and judge it favorably. There were many people and sources that were used to build this. I restarted my research and made some massive revisions and changes to the second part. 2 . I also added much information that clarifies the ideas. including discussions on the Internet. My writings on Isaiah 53. I would like to acknowledge the help that has come from those who have read this. Some in a positive manner. please read all of it before you pass judgment. For that reason. Especially those Christians who have attempted to counter the views stated here. Some questions that you might have may be answered later on. A work of this size is not one which a single person can lay claim to. This work represents a view consistent with Jewish thought. and some by criticism of it. Because of the amount of information. It is to acknowledge my thanks for them and the input that they have had. I recognized major deficits in that approach. developed the material which now appears as sections 1 and in the coming part dealing with the Rabbis and Isaiah 53. including Isaiah 53." Some of these ideas can still be found in parts of section 2. After showing my initial effort to a number of people. I have collected information that I have available and compiled the following summary. and approach. I hope that the readers will look at it from beginning to end. "Let's Get Biblical. This is not to reduce the blame for whatever errors may have crept into this analysis. I would like to mention some of them here. Second.PREFACE The question of Isaiah 53 and what it means comes up in every discussion with a Christian.

From this. Finally. They feel this way even though neither the word 'Messiah'. and the deceptions that are used with regards to them by those who would falsify their teachings. after this section it is totally unnecessary to explain any further. since if it is not Jesus it is invalid to use it as a proof of Christianity.INTRODUCTION The Prophecy of Isaiah 53 is considered by many Christians the most important prophecy in the whole Tenach. and should be answered before we explore the true meaning of this passage. in another work. It also does not mention any of the known accomplishments that the Messiah is to achieve. I would like to approach this important prophecy from three angles. which is acknowledged by the overwhelming majority of sources as part of the prophecy of Isaiah 53. 2. I will go through this important passage verse by verse starting at Isaiah 52:13.) They maintain this belief even though the belief of a dying Messiah is contrary to ALL the other clearly Messianic prophecies. 'king' 'son of David' or any of the code names for the Messiah that are used in the Tenach are ever mentioned in this passage. Whom does Isaiah 53 refer to and how do I know it. In fact. which show that the Messiah will appear and succeed. I will deal with this first as this is the primary Biblical text used by Christians. Every missionary who has approached me will eventually mention Isaiah 53. We will explore the nature of Rabbinic commentary. They feel they have from it their needed 'proof' that their Messiah was to die. It should be noted that the Masoretic Text actually divides this text before Isaiah 52:13 and not before Isaiah 53. I will explain the true meaning of some of those Rabbinic texts that are used by missionaries in their claim that the Rabbis held a different view as to the simple meaning of the prophet then the one I have here presented. all within a short amount of time. 3. There are many arguments and counter-arguments that I will be covering here. Why the clear simple meaning of the text of Isaiah 53 indicates that it was not and cannot have been fulfilled by Jesus Many times missionaries will read it and assume. (Ingathering of the Jewish people and ruling over the world etc. it can only mean Jesus The problems with associating Isaiah 53 with Jesus are usually ignored in most discussions. 1. The late Manny Brotman of the Messianic Jewish Movement International calls it the 'main messianic chapter in the Jewish Bible'. 3 . we will see that the Rabbis' understanding of the simple meaning of this text and the view I present here are the same.

The prophecy regarding what would happen to the person who would rebuild Jericho. Josiah by name. who caused Israel to sin. 4 . Many people do not realize what a future prophecy and what its fulfillment should be like. 3. 2. and men's bones shall be burned upon thee. according to the word of the Lord. and upon thee shall he sacrifice the priests of the high places that burn incense upon thee. The prophecy regarding what would happen later to the alters of the northern kingdom of Israel. and defiled it. and in his youngest son shall he set up its gates. both that altar and the high place he broke down. that the man of God had proclaimed. All the points described were fulfilled completely and literally. There was no doubt as to whether it was fulfilled and the exact meaning of the prophecy. the high place that Jeroboam the son of Nebat. And Josiah turned himself. While some specifics were not mentioned. In the first case. Moreover the altar that was at Bethel. and said. saying. there came a man of God from Judah. Let's examine two prophecies and their fulfillment in the Tenach and see what they will tell us about how prophecy works. by the word of the Lord. according to the word of the Lord which he spoke through Joshua the son of Nun. In 1 Kings 13:1-2 we read: 1. Then he said. From these verses we can notice a few things: 1. 16. In 2 Kings 23:15-17 we see it fulfilled: 15. stamped it small to powder. he laid its foundation in Abiram his firstborn. and burned [them] upon the altar. 17. Each prophecy had clear points that would tell us that it was fulfilled. In 1 Kings 16:34 we see the fulfillment: 34 In his days Hiel the Bethelite built Jericho. altar! thus saith the Lord: Behold. The two we will examine are: 1. the one who violated the ban would bury his first and last sons. and burned the high place. (for example the name of the person in the first. And behold. 2. and burned the Asherah. and when either would occur). In the second case a certain named person of the descendants of David would destroy the alters. and set up its gates in Segub his youngest. In his first-born shall he lay its foundation. a child shall be born unto the house of David. to Bethel. The first is how the Tenach's prophecies work. and saw the sepulchers that were there on the mount. and Jeroboam stood by the altar to burn incense.PART I: Why Jesus has not fulfilled Isaiah 53. In Joshua 6:26 we read: 26 And Joshua swore at that time. 2. It is the sepulcher of the man of God who came from Judah and proclaimed these things which thou hast done against the altar of Bethel. What tombstone is that which I see? And the men of the city told him. after they came to pass it was clear that the prophecy was fulfilled. who proclaimed these things. and he sent and took the bones out of the sepulchers. PROPHECY In order to see the problems with associating this prophecy with Jesus let us examine two important ideas. And he cried against the altar by the word of the Lord. Cursed be the man before the Lord who shall rise up and build this city Jericho. had made. O altar.

Neither is greater or lesser then the other. Either we must assume that Jesus is not a part of the trinity. the second person of the trinity. The servant is subject to the will of his master. There are however problems with saying that Jesus is a servant. To receive this atonement one must believe that this death was for that purpose. then you are not saved. he could not be inferior. It is only the death and resurrection. he must be the same. 3. Now we can examine some of the verses that are part of the prophecy and see how they could never be said to apply to Jesus Some of these are clearer in their contradiction to the above principles and some are subtler. 1.) 2. When we say that Tom is John's servant there are a few things that we understand from that. Tom is inferior to John. 2. There are others who believe that do not believe in the trinity. but John does not have to listen to Tom. let me sum up the main points of this concept. The death and resurrection of Jesus is what brings atonement and nothing else. Tom may not do what he wants. This aspect 'Son' is what is incarnate in the body of Jesus All three share the same eternal and unchanging essence. (There are those who deny the divinity of Jesus. Since Jesus is the incarnation of G-d (according to Christian theology). Much like water has different forms. Not his teachings. or the Messiah of Christians is not the one meant by Isaiah 53. Tom and John are not the same person. however significant enough on it's own to cast doubt on any thesis claiming that Jesus fulfilled this Biblical prophecy according to the rules we have shown above. Each is. when he is. a co-equal member of the trinity and not a separate entity. Jesus is called the 'Son'.CHRISTOLOGY The second idea we should look at is what the majority of Christian's (including Messianics) believe about Jesus. solid. 4. The 'my' here is referring to G-d (the Father for Christians. liquid and gas. but in oneness and contend that Jesus is not a separate ‘ persona’ from the father. The godhead is made up of three 'aspects' or 'persona' that are separate. How could part of the godhead be called a servant to another part of itself. but not all three at once. He could not be either subject to the will of another. and still be coequal? The servant here cannot be a 'part' of the godhead. not even the suffering that occurred to Jesus BEFORE the crucifixion. Tom must do the will of John. like Arius. How could Jesus be subject to the will of the Father. nor his miracles. There are three beliefs of Christians with regards to Jesus that relate directly to why this prophecy cannot be said to refer to Jesus 1. nor could he be said to lack the freedom to act in all areas. but the master need not consider the will of the servant. A person cannot be a servant to himself. A servant is always inferior in position to his master. but are equal and of one essence. Isaiah 52:13 Verse 52:13 (53:11) refers to the subject of these verses as 'my servant'. but if you don't believe in it. but that they are the same.). and know that people believe it. 5 . The servant and master are totally separate entities. nor anything else has any effect on atonement. Without going into a deep theological discussion. unless John allows him. The questions of 'wills' here is also one that is problematic. 3. They are not three gods. The servant is never free to act outside of the limits the master sets. You may be familiar with the doctrine. So the 'Son' is equal to the 'Father' although separate. according to Christian theology.

If the servant refers to the second person of the trinity. or some type of divine punishment for him. Is there anyone in the world who has not heard of the story of Jesus and the claims made about him? Certainly if this is referring to the Jewish people. Who could imagine that G-d would be in a state of depression and then be lifted up? Similarly we have a problem with the word 'Yaskel'. to higher or lower level? G-d was and is great. There is just no support for referring this to J at any time in his life. It must be referring to when Jesus comes again and is fully revealed. they just didn't believe that it was a fulfillment of the prophecies. mighty. That is not what the verse is saying. if the servant here is Jesus there is another problem. If it is meant as being related to the root 'understand'. How could this refer to the godhead. No one said that Jesus was stricken of G-d. are they not likewise known? Even atheists are aware of the stories in the Bible. Isaiah 52:15 What does it mean 'what had not been told them'? This would mean that we are dealing with something that was totally unknown until it is finally revealed as the truth. with wisdom). but degradation. That means that there are FOUR persons and not three: father. Finally. since His knowledge is eternal and cannot be said to increase. and unchanging before Jesus appeared and after he appeared. What does it mean 'lifted up'. obviously. Certainly that was not the view of the Jews. Moses is called a 'man of G-d' (heb. we would only say that he died a painful death. That is just not true. And the New Testament makes no such claim. ish elokim) because of his constant association with G-d. This is. Isaiah 53:3 A 'Man of pains' indicates that the person was one who suffered from pain often. we have a fourth function and hence a fourth member: the 'servant'. how could it be changed and 'lifted up'. even more a problem to the non-Trinitarian. Even if the death was a very painful one. which can only refer to someone who suffered sicknesses constantly. It could not be said that they are in the category of things that were not heard.the same? For these reasons it would not be possible for a Christian to say that Jesus is the servant of G-d. (Maybe it refers to President Clinton who claimed to have 'felt our pain'?) Isaiah 53:4 This verse says he was considered 'stricken of G-d'. 6 . However this is a problem. If we are talking about the divine nature. There are no sources where we see anyone claiming that the crucifixion of Jesus was a sign that he was stricken by G-d. so it must be a future event. Jesus is the second person of the trinity. That is clearly not what this prophecy means. We do not consider a person who suffered for a short time before dying as a 'man of pains'. Physically the only lifting up that occurred with Jesus during his lifetime was when he was put on the cross. not something they failed to believe in previously.e. since that is not a sign of greatness. Holy Spirit and servant. they have heard it. i. he shall be high? That would imply that at one time he was in a lowly position and after that he was in a higher position. we have the previously stated problem. But the verse claims that they are to have revealed something they never heard. the meaning would be to acquire knowledge (or deal prudently. Just things that were rejected as false. who are supposed to be the speakers here (according to the Christian interpretation). Was there a time when G-d had less knowledge? Did he deal imprudently? Such things are absurd and cannot fit the verses. To say that he was sensitive to others' illnesses makes him no better then Mother Teresa or any other of the thousands of people who felt the pain of others. son. ‘ oneness’ Christians. The same is with someone 'acquainted with sickness'. There is another problem here. The Romans struck him. and not call him a man of pains. If we understand it as meaning to prosper. If we say that this refers to the acts of G-d. For example. This recognition and astonishment of verse 15 has not occurred yet.

but his physical son. for that all have sinned: 14 Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses.Isaiah 53:8 According to Christian theology. glorious. Clearly the Torah is teaching that zarah means a physical child and if the verse had wanted to say followers than it would have used the word ben. when applied to humans refers to their physical descendants (it is literally used to refer to male seed: semen). Suddenly. The word 'seed' (heb. 'See. and G-d came to him and said he would reward him. the death of Jesus ended this punishment. But Jesus had no physical children! To answer this many Christians try to counter and say that it refers to disciples." 4. The word zarah (seed) always refers to physical children while the word banim (children) can refer to disciples or followers. The Torah has an interesting story. 'And Abram said.14 12 "Wherefore. and not physical children. Isaiah 53:9 There is a contradiction to the NT from these verses. Since when Adam sinned death came to the world. This cannot be a reference to the Messiah since in a prophecy that is universally accepted as Messianic the prophet Isaiah says (11:10) that his 'rest will be glorious'. to me you have given no seed (zarah –physical child). meisav) is with the rich. and told him that not his follower who is referred to as a 'ben' will inherit. not any individual sins. It is ONLY his death. Then Abram said.son referring to follower) of my house is my heir. The inherited sin of Adam needed atonement. it does not say his 'death' was for sin. or lowly? Isaiah 53:10 Verse 10 says that there are two rewards that the servant's accepting of suffering causes to occur. For a long time Abraham had no children. but that is not the case. as is used in other places in the Tenach. but his 'suffering'! What happened to Jesus before the crucifixion when he suffered for a short time IS NOT WHAT IS SUPPOSED TO BRING ATONEMENT. It was the sin of the whole human race from Adam (according to their belief). That means his resting place was one of a lowly and ignominious character. According to the NT. zarah). and so death passed upon all men. 'My Lord. saying: That one will not inherit you. what can you give me seeing that I am childless and the son (ben) of my house is the Damascene Eliezer? 3.' So G-d answered him. None but him that shall come forth from within your bowels shall be your heir. and death by sin. Jesus had to die and suffer because of the sin of Adam. Which is it. and see the son (ben . who is the figure of him that was to come. which illustrates this. This verse claims that his grave was with the wicked. Secondly. only the head of his household Eliezer. as by one man sin entered into the world. That is not what this verse or any of the other verses in this passage says. but buried in the tomb of a rich man. 7 ." So how can we say that he was stricken for the sin of 'my people'? It wasn't the sin of the Jewish people or any people in particular. However verse 9 says the opposite. G-d. and his death(s) (Heb. Abraham said of what value is it since he has no son to inherit. Jesus was killed together with two thieves. even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression. will inherit from him. Romans 5:12. His grave (Heb. Genesis 15:2-4: 2. kever) is with the wicked. The first is that he shall see 'seed'. the word of G-d came to him. his zarah.

Knowest thou that the LORD will take away thy master from thy head to day? And he said. Was there a possibility that one part of the godhead would not agree to what the other part wanted? Sounds a bit absurd. When referring to those sins that their parents did. death or blood. and said unto him. I know [it]. you offspring (zerah) of adulterers and prostitutes! Whom are you mocking: At whom do you sneer and stick out your tongue? Are you not a brood of rebels. There are two problems here. The Hebrew word is 'ki'. and never can be contingent upon the acceptance of the suffering of this servant or on any other event in the physical world. how could one part have a will different then the other? It is just not possible.We likewise see in 2 Kings 2 where banim is shown to refer to followers or students: 3 "And the sons of the prophets that [were] at Bethel came forth to Elisha. He clearly did not literally fulfill this. Yea. Verse 11 says that he will teach people to be righteous. and not an agent of the servant. Second. If we say this refers to Jesus’ human part. and said unto him. This long life can clearly not refer to the 'divine nature'. you sons of a sorceress. since their parents had done those sins. which means 'if'. the offspring (zerah) of liars?" However it should be noticed that by the word 'sorceress' the word 'benei' (sons) is used. That would contradict the trinity concept as it applies to Jesus. Knowest thou that the LORD will take away thy master from thy head to day? And he answered. it pleased HIMSELF to be smitten or something like that. We see in this verse the words 'it pleased the Lord to smite him'? If he is part of the godhead it should have said. Is. since they were PHYSICAL CHILDREN of people who were sinners. 57:3-4: "But you--come here. It is very problematic to claim that Jesus' suffering resulted in his having long life. How can we say that G-d's days will be lengthened? That is basically absurd. I know [it]. The verse implies that the one who is pleased is not the one smitten. Do they believe that it was only conditional. Isaiah 57:3-4 is sometimes brought as a proof that 'zerah' can mean non-physical children. hold ye your peace.) 8 . he died quite young. 5 And the sons of the prophets that [were] at Jericho came to Elisha. However by examining these verses we see the exact opposite. and that maybe it wouldn't have happened? Was there really a choice here? Jesus could will to do something other than G-d wanted? If Jesus and G-d are coequal. (This cannot refer to his followers as the one doing the action here is the servant himself. Also this verse says 'IF' his soul makes. First. but in the verse there is a clear choice. Both Christians and Jews believe that G-d is eternal and his eternal existence is not contingent upon any outside events." Clearly we see that zerah is used for physical 'seed' and ben is used for both physical and spiritual offspring. the proper word zerah is used. prostitutes and liars. He is eternal. In fact. Yea. If you believe that Jesus is G-d then the eternal existence of G-d is not. the verse makes the rewards CONTINGENT upon the servant's performance. It is his knowledge and teaching that brings people to righteousness and not his suffering. A second reward in verse 10 is that he shall have long life. and this is not something that is subject to change or lengthening. But they were called zerah (physical seed) of adulterers. hold ye your peace. Isaiah 53:11 There is no place in Isaiah 53 which supports the important principle that 'belief' in the death of J is needed for forgiveness of sin.

which says that he will 'divide spoil' (Heb. unto Moses. but a servant of G-d. and the cattle. and unto the congregation of the children of Israel. to take the spoil (leShalal Shalal). my lust shall be satisfied upon them. and Eleazar the priest. [which] they drave before those [other] cattle. and the spoil (shalal). This shows that the servant IS NOT G-d. This [is] David's spoil (shalal). and thou shalt eat the spoil of thine enemies." How did he fulfill this? How could he? We must conclude that J has not fulfilled this prophecy. I will divide the spoil (shalal). 12 And they brought the captives. and against the people of my wrath will I give him a charge. and said. shalal)? This word shalal is used for booty of war as the following collection of verses clearly illustrates: Genesis 49:27 "Benjamin shall ravin [as] a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey. and at night he shall divide the spoil (shalal). He himself should be the one to forgive. they [are] hid in the earth in the midst of my tent. unto the camp at the plains of Moab. I will draw my sword. and the silver under it. behold." Isaiah 10:6 "I will send him against an hypocritical nation." Exodus 15:9 "The enemy said. and. the riches of Damascus and the spoil (shalal) of Samaria shall be taken away before the king of Assyria. Isaiah 53 is not clearly fulfilled by him. when a prophecy has been fulfilled. shalt thou take unto thyself. which [are] by Jordan [near] Jericho.Isaiah 53:12 How did he fulfill verse 12. but since so much of Isaiah 53 cannot 9 ." Joshua 7:21 "When I saw among the spoils (shalal) a goodly Babylonish garment. and to take the prey. [and] not increased the joy: they joy before thee according to the joy in harvest." 1 Samuel 30:20 "And David took all the flocks and the herds. my hand shall destroy them. and the little ones. However. My father. it is always clear that it has been fulfilled." Isaiah 9:3 "Thou hast multiplied the nation. which the LORD thy God hath given thee. As I mentioned before. how do we know that his death did anything? It is claimed. and a wedge of gold of fifty shekels weight. How can we ascribe to him that 'he interceded for the transgressors'? To whom could he intercede? The word intercede implies that there is a person who intercedes and the one to whom he intercedes. then I coveted them. I will pursue." Isaiah 8:4 "For before the child shall have knowledge to cry. I will overtake." Deuteronomy 20:14 "But the women. and to tread them down like the mire of the streets. and my mother. [both] of men and of beasts. and the prey. and took them. and all that is in the city. and all the prey." Isaiah 33:4 "And your spoil (shalalchem) shall be gathered [like] the gathering of the caterpillar: as the running to and fro of locusts shall he run upon them. [and] as [men] rejoice when they divide the spoil (shalal). Since he is a part of the godhead there is no one to intercede with. Besides the many reasons above for denying that he fulfilled this prophecy. and two hundred shekels of silver. since it is not clear that he has fulfilled it." Numbers 31: "11 And they took all the spoil (shalal). [even] all the spoil (shalalah) thereof.

he was despised. and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him. why should this be assumed to apply. and consider if ALL the details of the prophecy have been fulfilled. we have turned every one to his own way. Look carefully where it refers to a servant. [there is] no beauty that we should desire him. he shall be exalted and extolled. a man of sorrows. 3.apply. and we esteemed him not. 1. 14. He shall see of the travail of his soul. Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him.KJV. and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. and carried our sorrows: yet we did esteem him stricken. [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many. so he openeth not his mouth. Behold. Now look at the full text of Isaiah 53. Consider verse 10. (I will later go through verse-by-verse and give a fuller understanding of the wordings and the translation). my servant shall deal prudently. and afflicted. yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought as a lamb to the slaughter. Therefore will I divide him [a portion] with the great. 7. The text below is from the Authorized Version . and when we shall see him. 10 . he hath put [him] to grief: when thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin. All we like sheep have gone astray. He was oppressed. 9. he shall prolong [his] days. and he was afflicted. 4. and as a sheep before her shearers is dumb. 6. 8. Who hath believed our report? And to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed? 2. [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace [was] upon him. and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all. and his form more than the sons of men: 15. and with the rich in his death. his visage was so marred more than any man. and be very high. because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered with the transgressors. As many were astonished at thee. 11. for he shall bear their iniquities. and he shall divide the spoil with the strong. and he bare the sin of many. 12. and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness. because he had done no violence. or even if they could be fulfilled by Jesus (as we have seen above). For he shall grow up before him as a tender plant. 5. So shall he sprinkle many nations. 12. the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for [that] which had not been told them shall they see. Surely he hath borne our griefs. smitten of God. He was taken from prison and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? For he was cut off out of the land of the living: for the transgression of my people was he stricken. He is despised and rejected of men. And he made his grave with the wicked. But he [was] wounded for our transgressions. and made intercession for the transgressors. and with his stripes we are healed. he shall see [his] seed. 11. neither [was any] deceit in his mouth. 10. Isaiah 52:13-53:12 13. and [that] which they had not heard shall they consider.

53:12. (There are a few major exceptions among Jewish commentators. and who is he about. we can begin to delve into the context. This is almost the exact thing said here in Isaiah: 11 . himself.PART II. But we do not see an extensive description of the Messiah himself there. wonders). If we examine this passage carefully we see that there are a number of speakers in the passage 52:13 . For example. In verse 15 we see that the kings are taken with shock. is to decide who is talking in the passage. verses 10. The last verses of s chapter 53. and what it will look like. These facts must be considered to understand the context and the speaker. the ONLY way of understanding any prophecy is by trying to understand the context. we see that many people are astonished at the servant. in this sense of the term. Then we can try and find other verses in the Tenach that confirm our results. If it is plural it cannot be Isaiah. As we have seen from the previous section. They describe the temple that shall be built. While a good translation or knowledge of Hebrew is essential to understanding. it is in the first person plural. Verse 1 of 53 has the speaker showing astonishment. Who does Isaiah 53 refer to? Before we can discuss intelligently the meaning of this prophecy we must clarify the difference between a Messianic prophecy and a prophecy about the Messiah. We shall see that Isaiah 53 is a Messianic prophecy of the first type (Ezekiel 40-48) and that there is almost no disagreement among Jewish and Christian scholars as to it's being Messianic. It can't be the same person. Although many think they are the same. since it cannot apply to Jesus.' Here we see again that when the messianic period comes and the Jewish people go out of exile. We have gone through it and seen that it cannot refer to Jesus. they clearly are not. the nations will cover their mouths with wonder. Isaiah 11 is a Messianic prophecy that ALSO describes what the Messiah will be like. one refers it to the prophet Jeremiah and the other to the King Josiah. s Let’examine another Messianic prophecies that relate the same ideas: s Micah 7:15-16: 'Just as in the days of your coming out of Egypt. there was a change from the singular of 52:13 to the plural of 53:1. The speaker of 52:13 is NOT the speaker of 53:1. Since it discusses the speaker’ sins it cannot be G-d. This does not mean that the Messiah. Many are called G-d’servant in the Tenach.) The problem with understanding this prophecy is: how to approach it so that the true meaning of the prophet appears. since the last verses of Isaiah 52 are singular and the first verses of Isaiah 53 are plural. On the other hand. Now we need to find the context and understand this passage. Ezekiel chapters 40 through 48 are clearly Messianic. as they did from Egypt. If we can find someone here who is astonished. 11 and 12 do not appear to be spoken by the same persons as 1-9. their ears shall be deaf. is described in that prophecy. We read: “ Who hath believed our report? And to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed?”The speaker has exclaimed in wonderment about something. when the Messiah ahs come. The nations shall see and be put to shame for all their might. Also the Talmud applies it Moses. A Messianic prophecy describes what will occur in the Messianic period. Let's look at this passage for a moment and try and see who the speaker is. The main portion of this prophecy is verses 1-9 of chapter 53. In verse 52:14. which he will describe in the next few verses. they shall put their hands on their mouths. find some other verses in the Tenach to support it. One way of starting to understand the context. and even more. we will be on our way to understanding this passage. According to the context the . gentile kings and the gentile people are in astonishment at this servant and what they hear about him. “ [that] which they had not heard shall they consider” send the same message as the first verse of 53. In fact the last words of 52:15. Let's look at the context. By seeing these obvious points. But that still leaves us with the issue as to whom this servant is. and what the prophet is trying to say. will I show him marvelous things (lit. the redistribution of the land and a number of other events. it appears that this passage can be easily misunderstood.

They are the ones astonished. and [that] which they had not heard shall they consider. And they are again mentioned in verse 14: "Fear not worm of Jacob.” All Again we see that there is a state of confusing among the gentile nations of the world when the Jewish people are taken out of exile. 12 Thou sellest thy people for nought.". by reason of the enemy and avenger. 12 . VANITY. 10 Thou makest us to turn back from the enemy: and they which hate us spoil for themselves. Jacob s whom I have chosen. in verse 8: "But you. The nations as described in Micah are surprised at the great miracles that will occur with the coming of the Messianic age to the remnant of Jacob. 16 For the voice of him that reproacheth and blasphemeth. neither have we dealt falsely in thy covenant. As the prophet predicted: Jeremiah 16:19: "The NATIONS shall come to you from the ends of the earth and shall say. men of Israel. The nations.'" It is interesting to note that in the Tenach there is one place where the same theme of this prophecy appears. and hast scattered us among the heathen. was the butt of their jokes and derision. which parallels the main ideas of this prophecy. and dost not increase [thy wealth] by their price. Why should they be confused? Imagine what it will be like when the Messiah comes. The servant is Israel. and goest not forth with our armies. and the shame of my face hath covered me. a shaking of the head among the people. or stretched out our hands to a strange god. It is in Psalm 44:9-26. a scorn and a derision to them that are round about us.Isaiah 52:15: ".. the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for [that] which had not been told them shall they see. and it is not JESUS It is some Ultra Orthodox Rabbi with a long beard! A funny looking person who. 11 Thou hast given us like sheep [appointed] for meat. They are astonished and in shock at the redemption of Israel. 13 Thou makest us a reproach to our neighbours. 19 Though thou hast sore broken us in the place of dragons. Who and what has confounded the nations? Israel and their redemption from the exile in the Messianic period has caused this astonishment and confusion. 17. 14 Thou makest us a byword among the heathen." In Micah 5:6 which is a little before the above passage we see a reference to : The REMNANT OF JACOB.. 'SURELY OUR FATHERS HAVE INHERITED LIES. 18 Our heart is not turned back. All this is come upon us. and specifically the righteous remnant of Israel and the nations are confused. How will the Christians and Muslims react when they will see that the Messiah has come. and covered us with the shadow of death. AND THINGS WHEREIN THERE IS NO BENEFIT. But thou hast cast off. neither have our steps declined from thy way. ISRAEL. 15 My confusion [is] continually before me. Israel is called G-d’ servant in that passage. and put us to shame. the SEED of Abraham My friend. 20 If we have forgotten the name of our God. It should be kept in mind while you look at each of the verses: 9. until very recently.." We see here clearly that the NATIONS OF THE WORLD are in confusion about the redemption of Israel from exile In another Messianic prophecy we read: Isaiah 41:11: “ those who incensed against you shall be ashamed and confounded. the gentiles (and specifically their leaders who represent them) are the ones speaking here because they have just seen something they would never have imagined. yet have we not forgotten thee. There is even more support for the idea that the servant is Israel from chapter 41 of Isaiah which I quoted above.. verse 7: The REMNANT OF JACOB. are My servant.

" It is clear from this: ISRAEL IS THE SERVANT OF G-D! This is repeated many times in Isaiah: Isaiah 44:1 "Yet now hear.. {Heb: be successful or be wise} he shall be exalted and extolled (D: be lifted up) {alt: raised up}. the SEED of Abraham My friend. Thou [art] my servant. My notes on the Hebrew language are between "{" and "}".. Israel. say ye. that this passage Isaiah 53. [and] forgettest our affliction and our oppression? 25 For our soul is bowed down to the dust: our belly cleaveth unto the earth. but throughout the Tenach 'my servant' is commonly used for Israel. 23 Awake. are My servant. and they are ALL in the singular. my servant. but let us examine it anyway)." Isaiah 45:4 "For Jacob my servant's sake. O Lord? arise. I will compare the verses to many parallel prophecies in the Tenach and some examples of historical fulfillment. and formed thee from the womb. How can it refer to Israel in the singular? (Actually. verses 8 and 9 have plural references so this is not such a strong question. the question shows an ignorance of the language used in the Tenach where Israel as a whole are continually referred to in the singular. Jacob whom I have chosen. Each of which is about Israel and G-d's relationship to her." Here we see that Isaiah refers to the witnesses. thou shalt not be forgotten of me. It is well known. With regards to the prosperity and exaltation of the Jewish people in the Messianic times we need only look into the Tenach which is filled with prophecies on that subject. were spoken to Israel in the singular!!! This objection is no problem at all!! In fact. 43:10: "You are my WITNESSES (plural) says the L-rd. in scholarly circles. my servant shall deal prudently (KJV: alt. is called the fourth of the servant songs. why sleepest thou. and thou. When we look at the first verse we can see clearly that G-d is the one talking: Is. Fear not. in whom I will be glorified. and be very high. One of the main objections to saying that the servant is Israel is that the passage is in the SINGULAR and not the plural. and My SERVANT (singular) whom I have chosen. The LORD hath redeemed his servant Jacob. 26 Arise for our help. Let's now examine this important prophecy verse by verse. In the passage just prior to Is. Just look at the following prophecies: 13 . ISRAEL. Whom I have taken from the ends of the earth. for thou [art] my servant: I have formed thee. utter it [even] to the end of the earth. The TEN COMMANDMENTS themselves. and from the nobles I called you. [which] will help thee. O Jacob my servant. and I said to you. flee ye from the Chaldeans. 24 Wherefore hidest thou thy face. 53 (52:1-2) and just after Is. 22 Yea. O Israel. O Jacob. and redeem us for thy mercies' sake. both in the singular and the plural IN THE SAME VERSE. whom I have chosen: 2 Thus saith the LORD that made thee. O Jacob and Israel. 52:13: Behold. Jesurun. and Israel. thou [art] my servant: O Israel. with a voice of singing declare ye. we are counted as sheep for the slaughter. and Israel mine elect. with notes from the Darby and KJV between "(" and ")". I have even called thee by thy name: I have surnamed thee. for thy sake are we killed all the day long. shall prosper). cast [us] not off for ever." Isaiah 49:3 "And said unto me. The truth is that throughout the Tenach Israel is referred to more often in the singular than the plural." Not just here.21 Shall not God search this out? for he knoweth the secrets of the heart. 'You are my servant'. though thou hast not known me." Isaiah 44:21 "Remember these." Isaiah 48:20 "Go ye forth of Babylon. 53 (54:1) Israel is also referred to in the singular. tell this. I have previously mentioned a number of verses where Israel is referred to as G-d's servant. I chose you and I did not despise you. as we shall see. To answer this we need only look at Is. The main text here is from the KJV. Who is called 'my servant'? Who does Isaiah call the servant of G-d? Let us look at Isaiah 41:8-9: "But you. whom I have chosen. In verse 52:13 and again in 53:11 the subject is called 'my servant'.

in 1859. 1942 we read "The scholar Darwin said. and shall be in rest. The next verse goes to the plural and the NATIONS start to speak and give witness of their reactions to the coming Messianic age and the end of the exile of the Jewish people. and thy seed from the land of their captivity. I will save thee from afar. and my refuge in the day of affliction. O my servant Jacob.Isaiah 48:15 "I. yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished. we do not wish to decide. O Israel: for. The gentiles never even considered it would be possible for Israel to be redeemed from their exile.' Yes." Jeremiah 46:27 "But fear not thou." The Nazis considered the Jews vermin to be exterminated. Consider Jeremiah 16:1920: "O Lord." Isn't the prophet reminding us of that? The Islamic Jihad put out a pamphlet in Oct. 'The dogs. 1992 called Jew. Whether this is correct or not. Shall a man make gods unto himself. and be in rest and at ease. 29. behold. Isaiah 52:14: As many were astonied (D: were astonished) {alt: wondered} at thee {you}. I have called him: I have brought him. Isaiah 52:15: So shall he sprinkle (D: astonish) {alt: cast down see Isaiah 63:3} many nations. yea. The NATIONS shall come to you from the ends of the earth and shall say. this verse testifies about the righteous of Israel: "How married his appearance from man and his features from that of people. All of what they have been taught was only LIES. the kings shall shut their mouths at him: for [that] which had not been told them shall they see." The exalted nature of Israel in the Messianic age is one of the clear messages of the Tenach. (The use of gas was compared to exterminating vermin) As Isaiah says here the nations wondered about Israel: "How marred his appearance from that of man. neither be dismayed. and none shall make [him] afraid. hearing) and to whom is the arm of the LORD revealed? (D: been revealed) 14 . for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee. [even] I. saith the LORD. In Der Struermer from Dec. Those who have hated Jews have always referred to them as if they were not human. have spoken. O Israel: for. Filth and Dirt. and Jacob shall return. and his form more than the sons of men (D: children of men): Can this verse be said to apply to Israel? Unfortunately from history we have seen that it is true. The Evan Ezra points out that in Edom (Europe) and Ishmael (the Arab lands) many of the gentiles considered the features of Jews different from all other humans. but correct thee in measure. and his features from that of people. and be quiet. 'SURELY OUR FATHERS HAVE INHERITED LIES. This ends the words of G-d about Israel and how the nations will react when the Messianic age comes. his visage was so marred more than any man." In every generation anti-semites picture Jews in a sub-human form. Perhaps the reader will take the trouble to compare the features of the ape from the New York Zoo and the face of the Jewish old-clothes dealer from the New York ghetto and draw his own conclusions. 1988 that stated the Jews were 'the brothers of monkeys. and none shall make [him] afraid. and be not dismayed. O my servant Jacob. I mentioned the verses of Micah 7:14-15 with regards to the kings reactions above. she brought forth her children." When Israel will be gathered from the exile the NATIONS will come to recognize that for all these years THEY have made a mistake. VANITY. O Jacob my servant. saith the LORD: for I [am] with thee. I will save thee from afar off. and [that] which they had not heard shall they consider. and he shall make his way prosperous. Isaiah 53:1: Who hath believed our report? (KJV: Heb. AND THINGS WHEREIN THERE IS NO BENEFIT. 28 Fear thou not. my strength and my fortress. and Jacob shall return. and thy seed from the land of their captivity. that man is descended from the ape. and they are no gods?" Isaiah 66:8 "Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? [or] shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed. lo." Jeremiah 30:10 "Therefore fear thou not.' Arafat on Jan 30.

[there is] no beauty that we should desire him. hath dashed in pieces the enemy. [they are] all of them snared in holes. his reward [is] with him. she brought forth her children. sing together. and the stretched out arm. and believed the LORD. and none saith. and none delivereth. Who is to sprout as a tree from dry land where it was never expected to? Israel.Now. Restore.' In this verse we see the reaction of the nations." Exodus 15:6 "Thy right hand. and the signs. and as a root out of a dry ground: he hath no form nor comeliness (D: lordliness). and the wonders. 52:9-12 (The introductory verses to Isaiah 53). Moses. Who sees it? The NATIONS OF THE WORLD. Two verses later it starts. whereby the LORD thy God brought thee out: so shall the LORD thy God do unto all the people of whom thou art afraid. [and] his people. "most obtuse . cruel and absurd". [saying]. you waste places of Jerusalem." What have the nations said about the 'form' Israel while she was in the exile? Voltaire said "the most imbecile people on the face of the earth". As the prophet said. and CAST FORTH HIS ROOTS as Lebanon. 11 He shall feed his flock like a shepherd: he shall gather the lambs with his arm. dividing the water before them. to make himself an everlasting name?" Is. [and] shall gently lead those that are with young. Where [is] he that brought them up out of the sea with the shepherd of his flock? where [is] he that put his holy Spirit within him? 12 That led [them] by the right hand of Moses with his glorious arm. and the mighty hand. 'Behold My Servant shall prosper. and his beauty shall be as the olive tree and his smell as Lebanon.. HIS BRANCHES SHALL SPREAD.. O LORD." What is the 'arm of the Lord'? The prophet is telling us about the reaction of the gentiles to the redeeming of Israel from Exile. and carry [them] in his bosom. he shall grow as a lily. "disgusting and abominable"." Israel shall blossom!! Hosea 14:6-7: "I will be as dew for ISRAEL. G-d has redeemed His people from the exile and the Nations are shocked beyond belief. Look at what the prophet says: Isaiah 27:6 "He shall cause them that come of Jacob to take root: Israel shall blossom and bud." When the Messianic time comes Israel will sprout and grow as never before. The Lord HAS MADE BARE HIS HOLY ARM IN THE EYES OF THE NATIONS and all the ends of the earth shall see the SALVATION OF ISRAEL. for a spoil. and his arm shall rule for him: behold. what does it mean the 'arm of the Lord'? The 'arm of the Lord' refers to when G-d shows his power to redeem Israel from physical troubles and exile. He has REDEEMED JERUSALEM." Isaiah 53:2: For he shall grow up before him {alt." Isaiah 63:11 "Then he remembered the days of old. though it be told [you]. for the Lord has COMFORTED HIS PEOPLE. and when we shall see (D: we see) him. "Break forth into joy. and regard.. This is further stated in the prophet: Habakkuk 1:5 "Behold ye among the heathen. and wonder marvellously: for [I] will work a work in your days. the Lord GOD will come with strong [hand]. great hand} which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD. and his work before him. is become glorious in power: thy right hand. he came up} as a tender plant." Deuteronomy 7:19 "The great temptations which thine eyes saw." If you examine Scripture you will find that it does not mean a small act but a great salvation or victory for the Jewish people: Isaiah 40:10 "Behold. [which] ye will not believe. "he had neither form nor comeliness" Kant said "The euthanasia of Judaism can only be achieved by means of a pure and moral 15 . O LORD. and his servant Moses. How was Israel treated by the nations? Here is what the prophet said: Isaiah 42:22 "But this [is] a people robbed and spoiled. and fill the face of the world with fruit. and they are hid in prison houses: they are for a prey. Exodus 14:31 "And Israel saw that great work {heb." Isaiah 66:8 "Who hath heard such a thing? who hath seen such things? Shall the earth be made to bring forth in one day? [or] shall a nation be born at once? for as soon as Zion travailed.

and a wife of one's youth who was REJECTED. 6. 13. so that no man went through [thee]." "debauchery and drunkenness have given them the manners of the pig and the lusty goat. and the princes may regard the possessions of Jews as belonging to the State. and He chose you. 14. about a SLAVE OF RULERS. and he shall have mercy on His AFFLICTED. 11. and any tongue that raises against you in judgement. The city of the LORD. men of darkened minds. a joy of many generations. The Zion of the Holy One of Israel. As the prophet says "despised and we esteemed him not. and thy land Beulah: for the LORD delighteth in thee. Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated. No weapon that is formed against you will prosper. Who is the one who has been ashamed and despised? In the passage RIGHT AFTER THIS ONE: Is 54:4-17: 4. Gregory of Nyssa referred to the Jews as. (see Micah 7:15-17). Oh thou AFFLICTED who was not consoled. I will make thee an eternal excellency. stoners. for you shall not be ASHAMED and not EMBARRASSED. THE NATIONS. "a SLAVE OF RULERS" and "despised and we esteemed him not. but I will not forget you. according to custom. he was despised. 17. 15. from having mercy on the child of her womb? These too shall forget." As the prophet said "he had no appearance that we should have desired him. Kings shall see and rise. leaven of the Pharisees. for you will be far from oppression.." A mother will forget her baby who she nurses.. a man of sorrows. for they murder their offspring and immolate them to the devil. said you G-d. for the sake of the Lord who is faithful. With righteousness shall you be established. because of their crime. his Holy One about him who is DESPISED OF MEN. and we esteemed him not." Again from Isaiah 49:7-15: "For so said the Lord. sinners. and the abandonment of all its old legal regulations. and the Lord has forgotten me. for the SHAME OF YOUR YOUTH you shall forget. Fear not.." Just as Isaiah said would happen: "He is despised and rejected of men" St. and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet." That is the testimony of the Nations.' As Isaiah said. in perpetual SERVITUDE.. and acquainted with grief: and we hid as it were [our] faces from him (D: like one from whom [men] hide their faces). and thy land shall be married.religion... For like a wife who was FORSAKEN AND AFFLICTED in spirit has the Lord called you. scoffers. advocates of the devil. brood of vipers. the Lord of Hosts is his name. enemies of their fathers religion. "haters of grace. to hold Jews . and mountains burst out in song for the Lord has consoled His people." Isaiah 62:4 "Thou shalt no more be termed Forsaken. neither shall thy land any more be termed Desolate: but thou shalt be called Hephzibah. the Holy One of Israel. says the Lord." *** 16 . slanderers. congregation of demons." "They have surpassed the ferocity of wild beasts. and they shall call thee. John Chrysostam referred to the Jews as: "most miserable of all men. 14. you shall not condemn. for you shall not be put to shame. and they shall prostrate themselves. the redeemer of ISRAEL. Thomas Aquinas: 'It would be licit.' 15. "Who would have believed it?" Isaiah 53:3: He is despised and rejected of men (D: left alone of men) . "we saw him that he had no appearance that we should have desired him" St." How have the nations reacted to the Jewish people? St." Who has despised Israel. princes. and haters of goodness. BUT G-d will not forget Israel!!! Isaiah 60:14 "The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee. about him whom the nations ABHORS. Shall a women forget her suckling child. wicked men. Sing O Heavens and rejoice O earth. and for the humiliation of your widowhood you shall no longer remember. But Zion said 'The Lord has FORSAKEN ME. For your maker is your husband." Again the words of the prophet. this is the heritage of the SERVANTS OF THE LORD and their righteousness is from me.

and carried our sorrows {alt: pains}: yet we did esteem him stricken. Look at Genesis 31:36.. This has been the theology of the Church from the start. That was for their disobedience and transgression. forbidding Rabbis to teach. He asked . Jews to travel or give loans at interest. 'He was pained because of OUR transgression. smitten by G-d'. We realize that our brows are branded with mark of Cain. and all their possessions held by the crown. (I have heard this myself many times). they have suffered because we have sinned in not recognizing who they really were.15 6 "In My jealousy and in my anger I have spoken. BUT NOW when the Messiah comes and he is not JESUS but the true royal descendant of David. 'how have I sinned against you?' When a person treats another incorrectly it is called sinning against him. and the shame of the nations you shall no longer bear.61) "And humiliation and wretchedness were stamped upon them and they were visited with wrath from Allah." The mark of Cain. We offend not. 7. That was because they disbelieved in Allah's revelations and slew the prophets wrongfully. Surely the nations which surround you will bear their shame. Luther asked. so that we no longer see the beauty of Thy Chosen People and no longer recognize in their faces the features of our firstborn brother. The sign of evil and sin! The gentile nations will see that THEY were truly sinners in all their persecutions of the Jewish people. To understand them we must consider: If you ask a Christian why are the Jews suffering so much in their exile? What would he answer? He would say. The nations are going to see they were wrong. and afflicted. 15. We have sinned and acted shamefully. smitten of God.. because they have sinned against the LORD." The nations will admit their sin. G-d: I have lifted My hand in an oath. all of the persecution was justified. and all these years the Jews suffered from their sins. As I quoted above from Thomas Aquinas. even the LORD.." As the prophet says. confiscating Jewish Holy books. 5 But he [was] wounded {alt: pained} for our transgressions. "What is my trespass. Israel has suffered the shameful and sinful actions of the nations.. "What shall we do with this rejected and condemned people. And I shall no longer cause the ridicule of nations to be heard about you. 'we accounted him as plagued." The nations will look at what they have done to the Jews and say.. forcing Jews to do hard labor. Who did the gentiles think were smitten of G-d? Israel: Jeremiah 50:7 "All that found them have devoured them: and their adversaries said.' In he fall of 1944 when the deportations from 17 . because the shame of the nations you have borne. Because of their crime. This is echoed in the words of the prophet: Ezekiel 36: 6-7. the Jews" His program included: Burning synagogues and houses. *** Isaiah 53:4-5: Surely he hath borne our griefs {alt: illnesses}. The nations are going to say 'we have sinned against Israel by persecuting them all these years'. many centuries of blindness have dimmed our eyes. and the Jewish people are returned to their kingdom. When all the nations see that the Jews were right in rejecting J. How have the nations acted toward Israel? Look what it says in the Koran (Sura 2. This concept was clearly acknowledged by Pope John XXIII when he said: "We realize now that many. what is my sin". the actions of the nations toward the Jews are SINS. after Laban had persecuted Jacob. and expelling them from Christian countries. the hope of their fathers.The next verses are the hardest ones for Christians to understand and to see their relationship to Israel. Therefore. the habitation of justice. crushed because of OUR iniquities. Jacob asked him. [he was] bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace {alt: welfare} [was] upon him. what are the nations going to say about their persecution of the Jews? What are they going to say about all the suffering they caused Israel? If JESUS isn't the Messiah. 'the Jews are punished because they rejected their Messiah'. it was the reason that Jews could be kept as serfs of the state. thus says my Lord. and with his stripes (KJV: Heb: bruise) {alt: wounds} we are {alt: were} healed.

d's name. with the people of old time. Because for your sake we are KILLED ALL DAY LONG. This is the punishment that has been awaiting you because of that sin (the death of J). instead of the correct THEY. and with the rich in his death (KJV: Heb. let me show the mistranslation. fallen by the sword. with them that go down to the pit. and among the GENTILES you have scattered us. we have turned every one to his own way." The Jewish people are slaughtered in every generation." Jeremiah 50:17 "Israel [is] a scattered sheep." (See the full text of Ez. KJV mistranslates 'was HE stricken'. we are considered as SHEEP FOR THE SLAUGHTER. so (D: and) he openeth not his mouth.. in places desolate of old. yet shalt thou never be found again.. You have to die. 21 I will make thee a terror. Lawmo. yet he opened not his mouth: he is brought (D: led) as a lamb to the slaughter. 14. smitten of G-d and oppressed. This always denotes the land of Israel. and last this Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon hath broken his bones." Isaiah 53:6-7: All we like sheep have gone astray. For example in Isaiah 44:7 (unto them) 16:4 (to them). Isaiah 53:9: And he made his grave with the wicked. The words cut off from the land of the living refers to the exile from Israel. and shall set thee in the low parts of the earth.. When the Rabbi reminded him that there were innocent women and children being sent to Auschwitz. Remember Psalms 44: 12.Slovakia to Auschwitz were going on. being a Sunday. We have already seen from Jeremiah 16:19 how the nations will admit that they have been going in a false way. the lions have driven [him] away: first the king of Assyria hath devoured him. 7 He was oppressed. and the LORD hath laid on him the iniquity of us all {alt. deaths) {Heb. the mockery and scorn of those around us. The translation is just made to distort the true meaning. the Lord accepted his prayer for our iniquities. Eretz Chaim). The Hebrew word is Lawmo and in it's other appearances in Tenach the KJV is CORRECTLY translated to 'them'. The Hebrew word Hifgiah the root of which means also to entreat or intercede as in verse 12}. and I shall set glory in the land of the living. and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain. Rabbi Weissmandel approached the papal nuncio on a Sunday and asked him to intervene with President Tiso (a Catholic priest). Likewise Ezekiel 26:20 "When I shall bring thee down with them that descend into the pit. quietly going to their deaths. All Jewish blood is guilty. Ezekiel 32:23 "Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit. 18 . You have made us a disgrace to our neighbors. "You have delivered US like SHEEP TO THE SLAUGHTER. and thou [shalt be] no [more]: though thou be sought for." "we accounted him plagued. Isaiah 53:8: He was taken from prison (D: oppression) and from judgment: and who shall declare his generation? for he was cut off out of the land of the living {lit: the living land}: for the transgression of my people was he stricken {Heb. and he was afflicted. saith the Lord GOD." This verse tells us that the Jewish people are being sent into exile from the land of Israel (as everyone knows). Next the verse uses the expression 'the land of the living' (Heb. "There is no innocent blood of Jewish children in the world. 22. he replied. and [D: was] as a sheep before her shearers is dumb {alt: mute}.. Neither I nor Father Tiso occupy ourselves with profane matters on this day". 32:23-27 where the prophet describes the punishment for those who terrorized Israel and calls the land of Israel 'the land of the living'). that thou be not inhabited.crushed because of OUR iniquities. is a holy day for us. because he had done no violence. (There are no examples of exceptions where a plural prepositional pronoun is used referring to other than a plural noun). for the sake of G. neither [was any] deceit in his mouth. which caused terror in the land of the living. He was told. Heb. "This.} Before explaining this. BeMosav 'in his deaths' plural and not BeMoso 'in his death' singular} . .

saith the LORD.. Look at the words of the prophets: Isaiah 65:20 "There shall be no more thence an infant of days. for they [are] the seed of the blessed of the LORD. and gather them. 38 As the holy flock. 21 And they shall build houses. which I will make. but looking at verse 19 and comparing it to the many other verses I have brought above which tell the same story of the suffering of Israel in the exile. he shall see [his] seed {Heb. he hath put (D: subjected) [him] to grief: when {Heb. for I have redeemed them: and they shall increase as they have increased. 15. "And I will leave over in your midst a humble and poor people. so shall the waste cities be filled with flocks of men: and they shall know that I [am] the LORD. This signifies the many persecutions and deaths that have followed the righteous of Israel throughout the many generations. but of the holy remnant of the Jewish people that has suffered in the exile and held fast to the Torah of G-d. said the Lord. and they shall plant vineyards. and eat the fruit of them." The people who are not deceitful. Some have tried to say that this prophecy is ONLY of a future generation. NEITHER SHALL DECEITFUL SPEECH BE FOUND IN THEIR MOUTH. And I will save the one who LIMPS. this is G-d's holy remnant. A parallel to this is Zeph. 20. nor bring forth for trouble. The Lord has removed your AFFLICTIONS. I wreak destruction upon all those who have AFFLICTED you at that time.. 22 They shall not build. he shall prolong [his] days. It is not just once or twice that evil men have stood up against the Jewish people and oppressed them. He has cast out your enemy. they shall not plant.. But every generation finds someone ready to kill Jews. 23 They shall not labour in vain. for I will make you a name and a praise among all the peoples of the earth when I RESTORE your captivity before your eyes. and another inhabit. Who was given the promise of a long live with abundant children and prosperity? The people of Israel." 19 . and I will make them a praise and a name throughout all the land where they SUFFERED SHAME. At that time I will bring them. and they shall take shelter in the name of the Lord. 9 And I will sow them among the people: and they shall remember me in far countries. and another eat: for as the days of a tree [are] the days of my people. as the flock of Jerusalem in her solemn feasts. to do [it] for them. zarah}. 3:12-20 12. and they shall live with their children. and thou shalt possess it. and multiply thee above thy fathers. shall remain before me. and he will do thee good. I will increase them with men like a flock. The remnant of ISRAEL shall neither commit injustice nor SPEAK LIES. Isaiah 66:22 "For as the new heavens and the new earth." Zechariah 10:8 "I will hiss for them. and their offspring with them. makes it impossible to consider this about a future remnant." Ezekiel 36:37 "Thus saith the Lord GOD. 13. and mine elect shall long enjoy the work of their hands. and the pleasure of the LORD shall prosper in his hand. Im means 'if' not 'when' as the KJV translates} thou shalt make his soul an offering for sin. I will yet [for] this be enquired of by the house of Israel. 19 Behold. nor an old man that hath not filled his days: for the child shall die an hundred years old. Isaiah 53:10: Yet it pleased the LORD to bruise him." In the Torah itself we see that at the end of times this is to occur: Deuteronomy 30:5 "And the LORD thy God will bring thee into the land which thy fathers possessed. so shall your seed and your name remain.Here again we see that the KJV used singular where there is a plural in the Hebrew. and I will gather the stray one. but the sinner [being] an hundred years old shall be accursed. and turn again. and inhabit [them].." Throughout the Tenach. and at that time I will gather you. again and again we see prophecies of the wondrous things that will happen when Israel leaves the exile.

What was the role of the priests? It is described in Numbers 18:1 "And G-d said to Aaron. It is a light thing that thou shouldest be my servant to raise up the tribes of Jacob. by all the nations. that you may dwell in the land which the Lord swore to your fathers. 'shalal' means physical wealth wherever it is used. The promises here are a restatement of the promises in the Torah. That is your life and the LENGTH OF YOUR DAYS. so that YOU AND YOUR SEED WILL SURVIVE. and you and your sons must BEAR THE INIQUITY against you priesthood. 'You and your sons. because he hath poured out his soul unto death: and he was numbered (D: reckoned) with the transgressors. to obey Him. 12 Therefore will I divide him (D: assign him) [a portion] with the great. and to attach yourself to Him. to teach righteousness: Is 60:3 "AND THE NATIONS SHALL GO BY YOUR LIGHT and kings by the brilliance of you shine. 20. This is the plunder of Is 53:12. [and] shall be satisfied: by his knowledge shall my righteous servant justify many (D: instruct many in righteousness). you must BEAR THE INIQUITY against the sanctuary. 20 . that thou mayest be my salvation unto the end of the earth. If you choose to love the lord your G-d. and will hold thine hand. "And you shall be called 'The Priests of the Lord'. for a light of the Gentiles. Isaiah 53:11-12: He shall see of the (D: [the fruit of]) travail of his soul {alt: From the toil of his soul he would see}." said the Lord' All the wealth that was stolen from the Jewish people. You must choose life. "I call Heaven and earth as witnesses. "And it shall come to pass that as you were a CURSE among the gentiles." Zechariah 8:13. and give thee for a covenant of the people. So said the Lord of Hosts: In those days. Before you I have placed life and death. What is this plunder. ten men of all the languages of the gentiles shall take hold of the skirt of a Jewish man saying. Everything was done so that Israel should be able to have her reward. O house of Judah and House of Israel." What is to happen to this wealth that was gathered around Jerusalem? Ezekiel 39:10: '"And they shall spoil those that spoiled them.. for he shall bear their iniquities. "Let us go with you. and he bare (D: bore) the sin of many. and Jacob." This mirrors what was said in Exodus 19:56 "You will be a kingdom of priests".'" That is the role of the priesthood . Abraham. and rob those that robbed them. They are the vessel through which the laity/gentiles will correct themselves. so will I save you and you shall be a blessing. Deut 30:19-20: 19. all the houses." The choice is given to Israel. and the servant's reward. if they accept then they will have long life and many descendants. and made intercession {alt: interceded} for the transgressors.. for we have heard that G-d is with you." The strangest part about this prophecy is the last verse 12. Isaac. Next the idea of interceding for the nations (mentioned above in verse 6) appears openly in a prophecy by Jeremiah 29:7: "And seek the peace of the city where I have exiled you and PRAY FOR IT TO THE LORD. who are the laity? The gentile nations who we have seen will eventually join the Jews in worshipping the true G-d. the blessing and the curse.We have seen that in this verse the speaker changing again. What does it refer to? It is a promise that G-d has made to HIS people of what will happen in the end of days after the great war of Gog and Magog. all the land everything will be returned. and he shall divide the spoil {alt: Heb: plunder} with the strong. Now if the Jews are the priests. to give them. Zechariah 14:14 "And the wealth of all the nations round about shall be gathered together. 61:6. and will keep thee. What is the meaning of 'their iniquities he would bear'? Examine Is.23 13. Much of this has been mentioned before let me just add those things not previously cited. The prophet is continuing and saying what the purpose is of the exile." Isaiah 42:6 "I the LORD have called thee in righteousness. gold and silver and apparel in great abundance. and to restore the preserved of Israel: I will also give thee for a light to the Gentiles. First is the point of Israel's purpose in the world." Isaiah 49:6 "And he said. 23. 'Servants of Our G-d' shall be said of you. and your father's house with you. The word here. Here the prophet talks about sharing portions and plunder. Here we see that G-d has again speaks about His servant. all the special taxes..to bear iniquity.

one of the oldest references to this chapter by a Christian source (in Contra Celsum). 13-15: Nations and kings will be surprised to see the servant exalted. But even more than that. Second. 26 And ye shall eat in plenty. See 42. and in that time. TO THIS DAY. and none else: and my people shall never be ashamed. the Zohar on Exodus. and suffer many things of the elders and chief priests and scribes. the servant endured without complaint because it is vicarious suffering (suffering for others). and the palmerworm.1: 21 . The Jews before that all knew that it meant the Messiah. 27 And ye shall know that I [am] in the midst of Israel. 1. it can be shown that in the time of JESUS they NEVER associated this with a dying Messiah.. and [that] I [am] the LORD your God. and be raised again the third day. How do I know. because it never meant the Messiah. 'BE IT FAR FROM THEE. In the time of JESUS nobody attached Is. "I remember that once in a discussion with some whom the Jews regard as learned I used these prophecies (Is 53). that is what it says in Is 53. and be killed. Peter never knew. One of the most well known is called the New English Bible . The answer to this is that it is an outright lie." A clear indication that Israel intercedes for the nations while in exile. are you crazy? The Messiah is not supposed to die. 53 refers to Israel. 53. LORD: THIS SHALL NOT BE UNTO THEE!'" What's going on here? If it was true that the Jews knew that Is 53 referred to the Messiah. behold. there remains two questions that are asked. that hath dealt wondrously with you: and my people shall never be ashamed. there is a prayer said in many synagogues. how that he must go unto Jerusalem. has suffered as a humiliated individual. the servant of G-d. What you say is how Jews understand it. 53 to the Messiah. There are a number of Christian Bibles. and praise the name of the LORD your God.1. What you say is fine but everything that you have said is not the authentic ancient traditional explanation of the Jews. 1. and the Midrash Rabbah on Numbers both ancient Rabbinic works bring that Is. You might say. listen Moshe. 2 I will also gather all nations. and will plead with them there for my people and [for] my heritage Israel. In fact. and the Jews never knew. whom they have scattered among the nations.. At this the Jew said that these prophecies referred to the whole people as though of a single individual. For. has Origin (late 2nd century) quoting the ancient Jewish understanding that this refers to the Jewish people and their sufferings. Peter should have said 'Yes Lord we understand. However.for in its peace you shall have peace. and be satisfied. A Jew says it's Israel and a Christian JESUS But that is NOT true. Who knows what is right? It just depends on who you are. The suffering servant. that have been translated with commentaries from Christian sources. This was just made up by Rashi in the 11th century so that Jews shouldn't convert. in those days. and more importantly than that. 2.4 n. Fourth servant song." Now that I have finished explaining the passages. the Messiah has to suffer and die. Peter correctly understood that JESUS was the Messiah. Look at Matthew 16:16-20 where we see that according to the NT. The following prophecy summarizes the words of Isaiah and his message to us and the whole world: Joel 2:25-3:2 "25 And I will restore to you the years that the locust hath eaten. when I shall bring again the captivity of Judah and Jerusalem. First. Israel. and the caterpiller. and will bring them down into the valley of Jehoshaphat. for the well being of the government. But let's see Matthew 16:21-22 (right after that) "From that time forth began Jesus to shew unto his disciples. my great army which I sent among you. and he is told not to reveal it.Oxford Study Edition. the cankerworm. and parted my land. but Christians understand it another way." Even Origin in the second century knew that the Jews understood Isaiah 53 as referring to Israel. And there we read: "52:13-53:12. (22) Then Peter took him and began to REBUKE him saying.' But what does he do? He REBUKES JESUS and tells him.

Ps. 4-5: The vicarious suffering expressed here is in contrast both to the traditional solidarity of guilt of Exod. whose sickness.messiahtruth. 11: Bathed in light.org ." PLEASE GO TO THESE WEBSITES FOR MORE INFO: _____________________________________________ .www. G-d's SUFFERING SERVANT. 9: The death probably refers to the destruction and Exile of Israel. 37:1-14). see Jer. will now be granted her rightful place." This shows that this is not just a 'Jewish' idea but one that is supported by Christians also! Likewise in volume 5 of 'The Interpreter's Bible' published by Abingdon Press on page 629 we find: "The great surprise of the nations reflected in vs 1 and in 52:13 need not imply that an individual is meant: surely the elevation and "success" of Israel. an expression used in relation to lepers. the good man prospers like a tree by water but the wicked is like a plant growing in parched ground: see Ps. see Jer 39:5-6. 20.9) saying that the significance of Israel's humiliation and exaltation is hard to believe. "our peace" which means "general welfare" 6-7 The servant is led like a sheep in contrast to the peoples going their own way. 8: Although some legal process seems to be involved. even the Christian scholars KNOW who Isaiah 53 refers to. 10. which has suffered for all mankind. 31. would occasion a similar reaction (cf. ch 37. pagan nations.36. lit. Ezek.torahatlanta.5 and to individual responsibility proposed by the prophets at the time of the Exile. 80. see Job 42:16-17.www. enjoying G-d's favor.www.com . 3: Turn away their eyes.30.www.com 22 .12: The theme of 52:13 is resumed. Compare Ezek.outreachjudaism. the servant does not receive justice.3. 2: In traditional Hebrew though.jewsforjudaism.com . 18 5: Health for us: lit. hide their faces. conceived with great elasticity and fluidity. Israel. among whom the servant (Israel) lived. speak here (through v. It is ISRAEL.The crowds. made them despised. 1. 10: long life and childrens children are the signs of a final vindication before G-d. considered a sign of sin. Ezek. There you have it.

you were asked your view on angels and specifically about Satan. I make peace. In fact. and death and evil. These edifying verses underscore the fundamental biblical teaching that it is the perfect spiritual balance of good and evil in the world that confronts every searching soul. nor did I tamper with them. the Bible I used in the above quotations is the King James Version. which is a translation that could hardly be construed as friendly to the Jewish faith. the prophet describes God’s creation plan when he reports that. not “astounded” by the Judaism that was taught in Buffalo that evening. that He cannot tolerate evil in His presence. Isaiah 45:7 and Deuteronomy 30:15. Awaiting your reply. NY in November of ‘96. pose a serious theological problem for Christians who maintain that God did not create Satan. How. I form the light. There are at least 87 references to G-d’s holiness in Leviticus alone! In 11:44 G-d says. According to Christian doctrine. Deuteronomy 30:15 states. Satan was the highest-ranking angel who. In your explanation of Satan and other fallen angels you attributed the creation of evil to G-d thus making Him responsible for evil. however. See. and create evil. I [God] have set before thee this day life and good. through his own act of spiritual defiance and outright . therefore. then. In Isaiah 45:7. Why weren’t the rabbis stunned by these Jewish teachings on Satan? Because the Hebrew Scriptures explicitly declare that the Almighty Himself places both the good and the evil that He created before mankind in order to provide His prime creation with free will. and create darkness. I the Lord do all these things. the angel of evil. “I AM HOLY.Who Is Satan? Question: Dear Rabbi Singer: When you were in Buffalo. I did not invent these verses. I have a fair understanding of Judaism and have found nothing in all of my reading to support your view as traditional. This is the Almighty’s divine sovereign plan for creation: It is through man’s personal decision to turn away from evil and choose good that virtue can be attained. I was astounded at your answer and was more astounded that the other rabbis present did not step into the discussion. A seeker after truth Answer: The rabbis to whom you made reference have spent their entire lives immersed in the study of the Jewish scriptures as well as other sacred Jewish literature and were. can you attribute evil to G-d? I am interested in the Biblical support for your statement.” Is not holiness the absence of sin? There are many scriptures to prove that G-d hates sin (evil). during the extended question and answer time. as you were.

disobedience, became the chief adversary and slanderer of God and the embodiment of evil in this world. In Christian theology God never created evil; He is only the author of righteousness and perfection, as you maintained in your question. Therefore, God could never create something as sinister as the devil himself. Rather, Satan’s unyielding wickedness is the result of his own spiritual rebellion. Although this well-known Christian doctrine has much in common with the pagan Zoroastrian Persian dualism out of which it was born, it is completely alien to the teachings of the Jewish faith and the words of the Jewish scriptures. In fact, the Christian teaching that Satan was originally intended by God to be a good angel but, in an act of outright defiance, ceased to function as God had intended him to, suggests that God created something imperfect or defective. For the Jewish faith, Satan’s purpose in seducing man away from God poses no problem because Satan is only an agent of God. As a servant of the Almighty, Satan faithfully carries out the divine will of his Creator as he does in all his tasks. Satan is one of the many angels mentioned in the Bible. It is worth noting that the Hebrew word for angel is malach, meaning “messenger.” The same is true for the English word angel, derived from the Greek word angelos, which also means “messenger.” Throughout the Bible, an angel is a messenger of God who carries out the divine will of the Almighty. There is not one example in the Jewish scriptures where any angel, Satan included, opposes God’s will. In no part of the Bible is this more evident than in the Book of Job. In the first chapter of Job, Satan appears with other angels before God and suggests that Job’s steadfast faithfulness would not withstand personal pain and utter destitution. Satan then requests from God the chance to test Job’s virtue. The Almighty grants this request, but He meticulously outlines for Satan what he may and may not do when putting Job to the test. Satan obediently follows his Creator’s instructions. Job is immediately put to the test and, by the third chapter, begins to struggle. He questions his Maker as to why he was created and, in a moment of despair, wishes aloud that he had perished in his mother’s womb. Still, by the end of this unparalleled biblical narrative, Job’s virtue prevails over Satan’s unyielding torment. While in Christian terms Job’s personal spiritual triumph is a theological impossibility, in Jewish terms it stands out as the embodiment of God’s salvation program for mankind. In Deuteronomy 30:15, the Torah attests to this principle and in Isaiah 45:7, the prophet echoes this message when he declares that the Almighty Himself creates evil. This biblical principle, however, was apparently too problematic for the Christian translators of the NIV Bible (New International Version). They clearly recognized that a Bible which asserts that God creates evil calls into question one of Christendom’s most cherished teachings on salvation. How can the church insist that man is totally depraved when his God placed him in a world where he is free to choose good over evil? How can the church hold to a doctrine of election or predestination when free will is man’s to express? How can Christians maintain that God did not create evil when the Jewish scriptures clearly state otherwise? Understandably, the NIV translators saw fit to alter the prophet’s words by rendering the offensive Hebrew word rah as “disaster” instead of correctly translating it as “bad” or “evil.” The NIV Bible therefore mistranslates Isaiah 45:7 to read, I form the light and create darkness, I bring prosperity and create disaster; I, the Lord, do all these things.

The word “disaster” inserted by the NIV is so ambiguous that the uninformed reader would easily come to the conclusion that it refers to such things as earthquakes and hurricanes. This skewed understanding created by the NIV mistranslation effectively conceals Isaiah’s original message. As mentioned above, the KJV (King James Version) does correctly translate this verse and render the Hebrew word rah as “evil.” One final point is in order here. Christians often point to Isaiah 14:12 as a biblical reference to support their teachings of the final and complete downfall of Satan which brings to an end the long and otherwise successful career of this fallen angel. They argue that Isaiah’s mention of the fallen “morning star” refers to Satan’s ultimate demise at the end of time when Satan will finally be cast into a lake of fire as articulated in the twentieth chapter of the Book of Revelation. There are, however, two serious problems with this assertion. First, if Christians maintain that the “morning star” is a reference to Satan, how do they explain Revelation 22:16 where Jesus is called the “morning star” as well? Secondly, a cursory reading of the fourteenth chapter of Isaiah reveals that the “morning star” spoken of in Isaiah 14:12 is referring to Nebuchadnessar, the wicked King of Babylon, and not to Satan. In 14:4 the prophet explicitly names the king of Babylon as the subject of the prophecy. That thou shall take up this proverb against the king of Babylon, and say, How hath the oppressor ceased, the golden city ceased! Throughout this chapter and the preceding chapter of Isaiah, the prophet foretells the rise and fall of this arrogant king who would use his unbridled power to plunder Jerusalem and destroy its Temple but, at the end, would suffer a cataclysmic downfall. In 14:12 Nebuchadnezzar is compared to the planet Venus whose light is still visible in the morning yet vanishes with the rise of the sun. Like the light of Venus, Nebuchadnezzar’s reign shone brilliantly for a short time, yet, as the prophets foretold, was eventually overshadowed by the nation of Israel whose light endured and outlived this arrogant nation who tormented and exiled her. Yours, Rabbi Tovia Singer

PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information:
www.MessiahTruth.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.jewsforjudaism.org Response to Missionaries www.outreachjudaism.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults. http://jdstone.org/cr/index.html Reveals the error, distortions and falsehood of... http://www.kosherjudaism.com/counter.htm Archive of Articles; trinity, messiah, Jesus, Christianity... http://www.angelfire.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.TorahAtlanta.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.

A Lutheran Doesn’t Understand Why Rabbi Singer Doesn’t Believe in Jesus: A Closer Look at the “Crucifixion Psalm”
Question: Dear Rabbi Singer, I am a Lutheran living in Switzerland and have been reading your web page with interest. I admire your commitment to your faith, yet I am perplexed as to why you so assuredly reject Jesus Christ as your messiah. He came not only for the gentiles, but for the Jews as well. He was born to a Jewish mother and came to the Jewish people. Because you are a rabbi, I am particularly perplexed as to why you have not willingly accepted Christ. You surely have read the 22nd Psalm which most clearly speaks of our Lord’s crucifixion. Read verse 16. It states, “Dogs have compassed me; the assembly of the wicked has enclosed me; they pierced my hands and my feet.” Of whom does the prophet speak other than our Lord? This Old Testament prophecy could only be foretelling Jesus’ unique death on the cross. What greater proof is needed that Jesus died for the sins of mankind than this chapter which was written a thousand years before Jesus walked this earth? I know that the Jews have been maligned and persecuted by so-called Christians. This has certainly left a bad taste in the mouths of the Jewish people against Christ; but certainly you must know, rabbi, that these were not real Christians, for a believer in Christ must love the Jew, for his Savior is a Jew. Many Jewish people accuse Christians of anti-Semitism, and one can understand from where this bias is coming; for the Jews have been persecuted by those who claim to be Christian, but they are not. The true Christian loves the Jewish people. Answer: Yours is certainly one of the more surprising letters that I have received in recent memory. There is nothing about your question that is unusual or uncommon; it is rather the denomination with which you identify that makes your letter so perplexing. How odd that as a Lutheran you would proclaim that the tormentors of the Jews “were not real Christians,” yet you apparently are not embarrassed to identify yourself with a denomination that is called after, and founded on, the teachings of Martin Luther. Among all the church fathers and reformers, there was no mouth more vile, no lips that uttered more vulgar curses against the children of Israel than this founder of the Reformation whom you apparently revere. Even the anti-Semitism of the New Testament and the church fathers pales in comparison to the invectives launched by Luther’s impious tongue during his lifetime. You so loudly proclaim that those “so-called Christians” who “maligned and persecuted” the Jewish people “were not real Christians.” Do you believe that Luther should be counted among those who are not real Christians? Have you not read his odious volume entitled “Of the Jews and Their Lies (http://www.outreachjudaism.org/luther1543new.html) “? If you are familiar with this and other indecent works of Luther, do you also believe that this German reformer lost his salvation because his maniacal hate for the Jew prevented him from being an upstanding member of Christendom? If this is in fact what you believe, why would you belong to a church that boasts his unblessed name? These questions do not apply to you and your co-denominationalists alone. Every member of the Protestant church and every Christian who looks to the reformers as God’s vessels must wonder aloud whether God would use men who regard the Jewish people with utter contempt to protest against the Roman Catholic Church; for none of the other leaders of the reformation held the Jewish

people in esteem either. Martin Bucer’s lack of affection for the Jews is almost legendary and, although Calvin’s epithets against the Jews are less plentiful than Luther’s abundant invectives, this disparity is likely explained by the fact that Calvin came into contact with very few Jews during his lifetime, if any at all. Although the Swiss reformer lived where Jews were not permitted to reside, his words were no less disturbing than those of Martin Luther. Although evangelicals repeatedly declare that true believing Christians love the Jewish people, the annals of history clearly do not support this slogan. With few exceptions, the tormentors of the Jewish people emerged out of the fundamentalist genre of Christianity. Remarkably, denominations that evangelical Christians regard as heretical, such as Mormonism or the Jehovah’s Witnesses, do not have a strong history of anti-Semitism. Liberal-leaning Christian denominations such as the Unitarian and Methodist churches also have for the most part resisted this teaching of contempt that is so well ensconced in Christendom’s shameful history. The pattern of hate that has for so long gripped the imagination of the true believer cannot be attributed to coincidence or to a remarkable quirk of history. The accounts in the New Testament -the most cherished book of the devout Christian -- already display the animus of the early church toward the Jews in portraying them as the people of the devil: cunning, traitorous, corrupt, deceitful, and conspiring. In essence, whatever it is that humanity abhors, that is precisely how the Jews are depicted in the Christian Bible. Without rest, post-canonical Christian literature continued to perpetuate this dark image of the Jew. There can be little doubt as to why Christians believe of the Jews what common sense would forbid them to believe of anyone else. To some extent, Luther and his countless followers who eagerly embraced his twisted message were together willing victims of a body of literature that scandalized, smeared, and ultimately condemned the children of Israel to an unimaginable history. Moreover, in an effort to distance Christians from a compelling Jewish message, the founders and defenders of Christianity methodically altered selected texts from the Jewish scriptures. This rewriting of Tanach was not done arbitrarily or subtly. The church quite deliberately tampered with the words of the Jewish scriptures in order to bolster their most startling claim which is: The Old Testament foretold of no messiah other than Jesus of Nazareth. With this goal in mind, missionaries manipulated, misquoted, mistranslated, and even fabricated verses in Tanach in order to make Jesus’ life fit traditional Jewish messianic parameters and to make traditional Jewish messianic parameters fit the life of Jesus. Bear in mind, the Jewish scriptures were written in Hebrew, not in seventeenth century King James English. What has made Christian believers so vulnerable to Bible tampering is the almost unimaginable reality that only a very tiny group of them can read their Bible in its original language. As you and countless other Christians earnestly study the authorized version of the Bible, there is a blinding yet prevailing assumption that what you are reading is the inerrant word of God. Nothing, however, could be further from the truth. The King James Version and numerous other Christian Bible translations were meticulously altered in order to produce a message that would sustain and advance church theology and exegeses. This aggressive rewriting of biblical texts has had a remarkable impact on Christians throughout the world who unhesitatingly embrace these twisted translations. As a result, Christians earnestly wonder, just as you have, why the Jews, who are the bearers and protectors of the divine oracles of God, have not willingly accepted Jesus as their messiah. What evangelicals fail to understand, however, is that the passionate resistance of the Jew to the teachings of Christianity has little to do with the Church’s bad manners and everything to do with the Church’s contrived and therefore implausible message. This conclusion, however, is nearly impossible for Christians to accept without bringing injury to their own faith and worldview.

Remember, in Christian theology the Jews are not just another worldly tribe whose beliefs conflict with the teachings of the church. Quite the contrary, the religion of Christianity readily concedes that the Jews were God’s “firstborn” -- the people who were chosen to receive and protect the divine oracles of God. The spiritual principles of such a priestly nation cannot be dismissed lightly. As a result, Christendom sought to systematically undermine the vision and trustworthiness of the Jewish people. It isn’t difficult to understand how polemical literature against the Jews became a common feature in church writings. By declaring that the Jew rejects the claims of the church as a result of Christian anti-Semitism, as you insist, or the Jew’s spiritual blindness, evangelicals spare themselves the festering anguish that self searching and self doubt invariably create. To understand the extent and the manner in which the church tampered with the Jewish scriptures, let’s examine the verse that you insist “proves” that Jesus is the messiah. Psalm 22:16 in the King James Version (KJV) reads, Dogs have compassed me; the assembly of the wicked have enclosed me; they pierced my hands and my feet. It isn’t difficult to understand why Christians are so confident that this verse contains a clear reference to Jesus’ crucifixion. Of whom, missionaries ask, other than Jesus, could the Psalmist be speaking? To which other individual in history, whose hands and feet were pierced, could the Bible be referring?
1

Apparently, you were so impressed by this argument that you wondered how a rabbi like myself could miss this obvious reference to Jesus’ crucifixion. Paradoxically, well-educated Jews are utterly repelled by the manner in which the church rendered the words of Psalm 22:17.1

Although in a Jewish Bible this verse appears as Psalm 22:17, in a Christian Bible it appears as 22:16. So as not to create confusion, I refer to this controversial verse as Psalm 22:17 throughout this article.

To understand how Christian translators rewrote the words of King David, let’s examine the original Hebrew words of this verse with a proper translation. Dogs have encompassed me. A company of evildoers has enclosed me; like a lion, they are at my hands and my feet. Notice that when the original words of the Psalmist are read, any allusion to a crucifixion disappears. The insertion of the word “pierced” into the last clause of this verse is a not-too-ingenious Christian interpolation that was created by deliberately mistranslating the Hebrew word kaari ( ) as “pierced.” The word kaari, however, does not mean “pierced,” it means “like a lion.” The end of Psalm 22:17, therefore, properly reads “like a lion they are at my hands and my feet.” Had King David wished to write the word “pierced,” he would never use the Hebrew word kaari. Instead, he would have written either daqar or ratza, which are common Hebrew words in the Jewish scriptures. Needless to say, the phrase “they pierced my hands and my feet” is a Christian contrivance that appears nowhere in the Jewish scriptures. Bear in mind, this stunning mistranslation in the 22nd Psalm did not occur because Christian translators were unaware of the correct meaning of this Hebrew word. Clearly, this was not the case. The word kaari can be found in a number of other places in the Jewish scriptures. Yet predictably, the same Christian translators who rendered kaari as “pierced” in Psalm 22 correctly translated it “like a lion” in all other places in the Hebrew Bible where this word appears.

For example, the word kaari is also found in Isaiah 38:13. In the immediate context of this verse Hezekiah, the king of Judah, is singing a song for deliverance from his grave illness. In the midst of his supplication he exclaims in Hebrew “ .” Notice that the last word in this phrase (moving from right to left) is the same Hebrew word kaari that appears in Psalm 22:17. In this Isaiah text, the King James Version correctly translates these words “I reckoned till morning that, as a lion . . . .” As I mentioned above, Psalm 22:17 is the only place in all of the Jewish scriptures that any Christian Bible translates kaari as “pierced.” It must be noted that the authors of the New Testament were not responsible for inserting the word “pierced” into the text of Psalm 22:17. This verse was undoubtedly tampered with years after the Christian canon was completed. Bear in mind, during the latter half of the first century, when the New Testament writers were compiling their Greek manuscripts, Psalm 22:17 was still in pristine condition; thus, when the authors of the New Testament read this verse, they found nothing in the phrase “like a lion they are at my hands and my feet” that would advance their teachings. As a result, Psalm 22:17 is never quoted in the New Testament. Missionaries, who insist that the Christian translation of this verse reflects the original words of King David, must wonder why there was not one New Testament author who deemed this supposed allusion to the crucifixion worthy of being mentioned in his writings. The Bible tampering that has occurred in this verse becomes especially obvious with only a cursory reading of the entire 22nd Psalm. Throughout this chapter, King David is using an animal motif to describe his enemies. His poignant references to the “dog” and “lion” are, therefore, not foreign to this author. In fact, David repeatedly makes reference to the “dog” and “lion” both before and after Psalm 22:17. For the Psalmist, these menacing beasts symbolize his bitter foes who continuously sought to destroy him. This metaphor, therefore, sets the stage for the moving theme of this chapter. Although David’s predicament at times seems hopeless, this faithful king of the Jewish people relied on God for his deliverance. As the Psalmist eagerly looks to God for deliverance from his adversaries, he conveys the timeless message that it is the Almighty alone who can save man in times of tribulation. Let’s examine a number of verses in this chapter that surround Psalm 22:17 as they appear in the King James Version. Psalm 22:12-13 (KJV) Many bulls have compassed me; strong bulls of Bashan have beset me around. They gaped upon me with their mouths, as a ravenous and a roaring lion. Psalm 22:20-21 (KJV) Deliver my soul from the sword, my darling from the power of the dog. Save me from the lion’s mouth; for thou hast heard me from horns of the wild oxen.

As mentioned above, it is obvious when reading this larger section of the 22nd Psalm that King David is using an animal motif -- most commonly lions -- as an animated literary device, in order to describe his pursuers and tormentors. This striking style is pervasive in this section of the Bible. In fact, each and every time the word “lion” appears in the Book of Psalms, King David is referring to a metaphoric lion, rather than a literal animal. For example, in the 17th Psalm King David appeals to the Almighty to rescue him from the hands of his enemies, the “lion.” Bear in mind, an examination of the 17th Psalm is of great relevance to our study because in many respects Psalm 17 and 22 are identical, both with regard to their literary motif and driving theme. In the 17th Psalm, King David is looking for deliverance from his adversaries as in Psalm 22. In Psalm 17:8-12, the Psalmist pleads with God for deliverance from the “lion,” as he cries out, Hide me under the shadow of Your wings, from the wicked who oppress me, from my deadly enemies, who compass me about. They are enclosed in their own fat; with their mouths they speak proudly. They have now compassed us in our steps; they have set

their eyes bowing down to the earth, like a lion that is greedy of his prey, and as it were a young lion lurking in secret places. Again, in Psalm 35:17, in a similar supplication, King David entreats the Almighty for salvation from “lions” as he exclaims, Lord, how long wilt thou look on? Rescue my soul from their destruction, my darling from the lions. Moreover, missionaries are confronted with another remarkable problem as they seek to project the words of this Psalm into a first century crucifixion story. In the simplest terms, this text that Christians eagerly quote is not a prophecy, nor does it speak of any future event. This entire Psalm, as well as the celebrated Psalm that follows it, contains a dramatic monologue in which King David cried out to God from the depths of his personal pain, anguish, and longing as he remained a fugitive from his enemies. Accordingly, the stirring monologue in this chapter is all in the first person. The author himself is crying out to God, and there is no doubt who the faithful speaker is in this Psalm; the very first verse in this chapter explicitly identifies this person as King David. Trinitarian Christians are further confronted with another staggering problem. The opening verses of this Psalm clearly make little sense in the mouth of a god/man. In the beginning of this chapter the author wonders aloud, My God, my God, why have You forsaken me? Why are You so far from helping me, and from the words of my groaning? O my God, I cry in the daytime, but You do not hear; and in the night season, and am not silent. Why would Jesus, whom Trinitarians insist is God, complain that “God is so far from helping me?” How could God, the first Person of the Trinity, not hear the cries of God, the second Person of the Trinity? To whom is this supposed “God” complaining? Finally, why would God be complaining to God altogether? The speaker here is moaning that God is not listening to him day and night, and in the verses that follow, questions his feelings of abandonment when enumerating the times when God did listen and intervene for his ancestors. How can God not understand his own predicament? Who are God’s ancestors? Applying the words of Psalm 22 to Christendom’s Jesus challenges even the most fertile imagination and places an enormous strain on church teachings. The question that naturally comes to mind is: Why did the King James Version correctly translate the Hebrew word kaari in Isaiah 38:13 as “like a lion,” yet incorrectly translate this same word as “pierced” in Psalm 22:17? These Christian translators were clearly aware of the correct meaning of the word kaari, as evidenced by their translation of Isaiah 38:13. Why then did they specifically target Psalm 22 for such Bible tampering? To grasp what is behind this church revision of the 22nd Psalm, it is essential to be aware of the central role this chapter plays in traditional Christian teachings. Church fathers have always cherished Psalm 22 as a chapter that supposedly describes in vivid detail the agony of the passion narratives and provides the script for Jesus’ crucifixion. Segments of this Psalm are quoted extensively in the New Testament as a fulfillment of an Old Testament prophecy of the crucifixion. The most notable quote from Psalm 22 appears in the first two Gospels and is found in the chapter’s opening verses, “My God, my God, why have You forsaken me?” Matthew and Mark place this desperate monologue in the mouth of the crucified Jesus as his last dying words.2 These two Gospels resourcefully use Psalm 22 as one of many palettes from which to paint the brutal picture of a tormented crucified savior. All of the Gospels3 similarly use Psalm 22:19 (22:18 in a Christian Bible) in their crucifixion narratives, and Hebrews 2:12 quotes Psalm 22:23 to explain why the messiah had to suffer for humanity.

raish ( ). this word kaaru does not exist in the Hebrew language. In fact. This alteration would create the threeletter word karu ( ).” Evangelicals are typically quite fond of this response because it enables them to circumvent the oftentroubling original Masoretic Hebrew Bible. and a scribe might easily have changed the text by inscribing a yod and failing to attach a vertical descending line so that it would become a vav. therefore. Rosen readily concedes that the Hebrew word kaari does mean “like a lion. He suggests that although the word “pierced” does not exist in the Hebrew Masoretic text. It means to “excavate” or “dig. however. on the other hand. kaaru doesn’t mean anything.” As mentioned above.” In so doing. advances a rather inventive response to this controversy over the appearance of the word “pierced” in Christian translations of Psalm 22. This notion may seem strange at first glance. did not hesitate to tamper with the words of the 22nd Psalm so that its verses would reflect and sustain its Christian message. Interestingly. more often than not. In fact. which means “like a lion. Rosen’s claim that some anonymous scribe may have inadvertently changed kaaru into kaari is wholly unfounded and completely untenable. yod ( ). In fact. Moshe Rosen. it contains numerous remarkable flaws. this controversy has attracted quite a bit of attention from Christians dedicated to Jewish evangelism. In his own words he writes. always been a vital text to the church and was used repeatedly in order to retroject the life of Jesus back into the “Old Testament. the Psalmist’s original intent was superseded by their interest in applying this entire chapter to Jesus’ passion. raish. spelled caf. the founder of Jews for Jesus. yet it is on this very point where he makes his argument. . the stunning mistranslation in this chapter did not escape the notice of the missionary world.4 While Rosen’s proposition is quoted frequently by missionaries. vav.” into kaf ( ).” as Rosen suggests. The church. vav ( ). they will renounce this vow in order to rescue their dubious proof-texts. although Christians typically begin their assault on Judaism by swearing allegiance to the Hebrew scriptures. Rosen is not the only church apologist to use scribes and rabbis of antiquity to defend the Christian translation of Psalm 22. therefore. raish ( ). In order to concoct a word that resembles kaaru. The words are identical except that “pierced” ends with the Hebrew letter vav and “lion” with a yod. renders the last phrase of Psalm 22:17 “they pierced my hands and my feet. therefore.does not create the Hebrew word for “pierced. Karu. but the letter alef would have to be removed altogether. never karu. The church. possesses no Christological value to the church and was neither quoted nor used by the church fathers to propagate their teachings. In his widely distributed book. Vav and yod are similar in form. no matter how extensive the revisions would be. In other words. Y’shua. had no need to mistranslate it. it’s little more than Semitic gibberish. in Hebrew.Psalm 22 has. alef ( ). one would not only have to change the letter yod into a vav. the phrase “they have pierced” is kaaru while “like a lion” is kaari. it is possible that a scribe may have inadvertently changed the word “pierced” into “like a lion” by modifying one small Hebrew letter. For example. missionaries sought to lend credibility to their claim that Jesus is the messiah as was foreordained by the ancient Jewish prophets.” From this they conclude that even the rabbis who lived before the first century believed that the last clause of this verse reads “pierced” rather than “like a lion. and thus it was left intact. They argue that the Septuagint. yet. Transforming kaari ( ) into kaaru ( ) by changing the letters kaf ( ). For Christendom. alef ( ). the words used in Tanach for “pierce” or “stab” are daqar or ratza. missionaries more frequently refer to the Septuagint to justify the manner in which Christian Bible translators render Psalm 22:17. Isaiah 38:13. We can probably best understand what happened when we realize that. a Greek translation of the entire Old Testament was completed by 72 rabbis more than 200 years before the Christian century. doesn’t mean “pierced” either.” and not “pierced”.

This is an entirely different segment of Tanach from the Torah. Best wishes for a happy and healthy New Year. therefore. we can safely conclude that the vast bulk of the current Septuagint even of the Torah is unrelated to the translation of the original 72 Jewish translators. In essence.is a Christian work. In fact.6 Josephus. the children of Israel regard only the Hebrew Bible given to us by our prophets as holy and authoritative. even the current Septuagint covering the Five Books of Moses is an almost complete corruption of the original Greek translation that was compiled by the 72 rabbis more than 2. and it is our people to whom these promises were addressed. No translation of the Bible. I remain very sincerely yours. only two of them are currently extant. although Christians will rarely state this openly. and this is quite secondary. Do not think in your heart that the Jewish people have missed the stirring messianic message contained in Tanach or we somehow do not understand our own Bible. (I have addressed the subject of the Septuagint more thoroughly in a previous article entitled “A Christian Defends Matthew by Insisting That the Author of the First Gospel Used the Septuagint in His Quote of Isaiah to Support the Virgin Birth. and this is merely an aside. It is our nation which is ordained to protect the integrity of these holy scriptures.especially the sections that are of the Prophets and Writings -. Of these 15 unique translations. Moreover. The translators of the Septuagint are of course pre-Christian.5 the Talmud.7 the church fathers. This undisputed point is well attested to by the Letter of Aristeas. in the Greek Orthodox Church. the Writings.200 years ago for King Ptolemy II of Egypt. no matter how widely used by churches and academicians. In other words. holds any influence over our people. the church has always had a more favorable view of Jews and rabbis who lived prior to the first century than those who lived after it. our people who brought these sacred oracles to the world’s nations. amended and edited exclusively by Christian hands. this missionary argument is predicated on a fabrication. and are.Furthermore. The Septuagint that is currently in our hands -. Despite the overwhelming popularity of the contention that the Greek translation of 72 rabbis supports the use of the word “pierced” in Psalm 22:17. There is therefore little wonder that the Septuagint is esteemed in Christendom alone. The Book of Psalms belongs to the third section of the Jewish scriptures called the Ketuvim. which was the only section translated by the 72 rabbis. held in higher regard in the eyes of the church than those Jews who rejected the claims attributed to Jesus.” Although Christendom is predisposed to a reverence for scripture written in Greek. this explanation is completely without merit. It is universally conceded and beyond any question that the rabbis who created the original Septuagint only translated the Five Books of Moses and nothing more. Rabbi Tovia Singer . It is these sacred texts that we diligently pore over day and night.11 Extrapolating from this. the Septuagint is regarded as Sacred Scripture. these ancient 72 rabbis did not translate the Book of Psalms.8 and numerous other critical sources.9 This fact is well known to us because the Talmud10 records how these 72 translators distinctly rendered 15 phrases of the Torah in their translation.

” reigned from 283 to 245 B. Exodus 4:20. only Genesis 2:2 and Exodus 12:40 are found in the current Septuagint. Jesus’ last words are “It is finished. There is considerable disagreement as to the date when this was written. For Josephus’ detailed description of events surrounding the original authorship of the Septuagint. 1982. Volume 6. 11:7. 18:12. “Add to this that Josephus.” In John’s Gospel. Chicago: Moody. in a Christian Bible it appears as 22:16. 9 8 Ptolemy II. Leviticus 11:6. P.” Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. Tractate Megillah. Sec 3. see Josephus’ Antiquities of the Jews. 17:3).Jewsforjudaism. Moishe. In the book of Luke. ii. 4 5 This Letter of Aristeas (2nd-3rd century B. St. I refer to this controversial verse as Psalm 22:17 throughout this article. Tractate Megillah. 24:11. Numbers 16:15. 9a.” 3 2 Matthew 27:35. Rosen. 9a-9b.outreachjudaism. 12:40. 1:26. in his preface to the Book of Hebrew Questions.C. Y’shua. forgive them for they know not what they do. 45-46. 10 Of these 15 phrases which appeared in the original Septuagint (Genesis 1:1. who gives the story of the seventy translators. Peabody: Hendrickson. John 19:24. 6 7 Josephus. “Father. describes the events leading up to and surrounding the writing of the original Septuagint. also known as “Philadelphus. Deuteronomy 4:19.org .org & www. and we also acknowledge that these are more in harmony with the Hebrew than the rest. 87. XII. For example.E. So as not to create confusion. Luke 23:34.E.C. Jesus’ last dying words are. p. Mark 15:24. 49:6. addresses this issue and concedes that. preface to Antiquities of the Jews. 11 ______ Source: www.Footnotes: 1 Although in a Jewish Bible this verse appears as Psalm 22:17. 2:2. 24:5.). written by a Hellenistic Jew. 5:2. Jerome. reports them as translating only the Five Books of Moses. 1-4.

. Moreover. suffers a brutal death. Bear in mind that Christianity is not the only religion in human history to proclaim to the Jewish people that their savior or demigod was resurrected from the grave. As Paul candidly admits." (I Corinthians15:17) In essence. The question for the Jewish people is simple. See accounts of Romulus. and Buddha. as any Christian will tell you that Jesus' resurrection is the foundation of the Christian religion. it was the creators and defenders of Christianity who promoted the stories of the resurrection. Paul's hometown). however hit a stumbling block. there is no independent supportive documentation. nor is there any circumstantial evidence. especially if they were the only claims that exist. "Confused Texts and Testimonies. There is not even one contemporaneous historian who mentions one word about the resurrection. The claim of a deity who has defeated the grip of death is one of the most common themes embedded in the plethora of religions that have emerged since time immemorial. Tammuz-Adonis. "If Christ has not been raised. I have dedicated an entire segment on the tape. What is the evidence for the belief that Jesus rose from the grave? Aside from the accounts in the New Testament. so how do we explain the resurrection? Did a bunch of crazy people decide to create a story about a resurrection? This story was passed on to the time when the Gospels were written. so how inaccurate can they be? The memory of someone 40 years ago isn't considered faulty today. I must commend you. so accounts from 40 years may have been altered. I assume that we as Jews do not believe in Christ's resurrection. There is a very large section in my project that deals with theology. but all adhere to a resurrection story. the validity of Christianity stands or falls on this claim. and ascends to heaven was so very common among pagan and Gnostic religions during the first century (this was especially true for the regions around Tarsus. therefore. I checked your Q&A section on the web pages.Did Jesus Rise From the Dead? What is the Evidence? Question: Dear Rabbi Singer: I'm doing a project on missionary and counter-missionary groups. Should we accept the numerous claims made by widespread religions of a miraculous resurrection from the dead simply because their zealous defenders promoted them. you are the judge. Your question. but found very little dealing with "Jewish" explanations of the resurrection. Drusilla. Because of the importance of this topic. Mithra." to this subject. Apollonius of Tyana. What is the Jewish take on the resurrection? Answer: You certainly have not overstated the importance of the claim of Jesus' resurrection to the Christian church. The entire claim hangs exclusively on the New Testament texts. I have. we should certainly examine the credibility of this story. Their biased testimony must therefore be examined more carefully. Claudius. Krishna. I have read your site as well as the Jews for Jesus site. regardless of how soon following the supposed event it was alleged to have occurred? Claims of biased followers need to be particularly scrutinized. Is this testimony reliable? As a seeker of truth. and I must say that the information is both deep and extensive. your faith is futile and you are still in your sins. Osiris. Dionysus-Bacchus. Your site offers many good counter arguments to the validity of Jesus being the messiah. Since the belief in Jesus' resurrection is the foundation of Christianity. may be expanded even more widely because the claim of a divine savior who is born of a virgin birth. Mythologies throughout the Roman Empire and beyond contained widespread beliefs that notable mortals and god-men were born of virgins and returned from the dead. I found that quite odd.

-. Crucifixion/Resurrection Chart Matthew Who carried the cross? Simon of Cyrene Mark Simon of Cyrene (15:21) Luke Simon of Cyrene (23:26) Not mentioned in Luke John Only Jesus himself carried the cross. of Nissan1 of Nissan1 (22:14--23) 29. a judge must be impartial. that the resurrection story collapses under careful scrutiny. This analysis consists of: (1) the crucial date of the crucifixion.Obviously. (2) the events that supposedly followed the resurrection. you would want to be absolutely certain before convicting the defendant. He would impeach the state's witnesses by showing how their accounts are contradictory.m. The stories told in the New Testament. I have prepared the following three-part study to help you critically evaluate the case of the alleged resurrection of Jesus.” (15:25) On which day of the month was Jesus crucified? On the first day of Passover. If the prosecutor called his key witnesses. as John would have us believe. The defense attorney would argue for the acquittal of his client by demonstrating the weakness of the prosecutor's case. you can't be satisfied with just a casual examination of the evidence.m. and objectively weigh all of the relevant evidence. the 15th day Passover.Jesus was not crucified until after the sixth hour! (19:14-15) (27:32) At what time was Jesus crucified? Not mentioned in Matthew 9:00 a. but demand clear proof. (19:17) 12:00 p. especially if biased witnesses gave the testimony. your relationship with God is at stake. his case would be very shaky.day of Nissan1 (13:1. 19:14) 25) Because all three synoptic insist that the Last Supper was a Passover Seder. are so inconsistent. the 15th day of Nissan1 (26:20-30) 1 On the first day of On the first day of On the day before Passover. As an individual examining the case for the resurrection. they would not stand up to critical cross-examination in any court of law. If you were the judge presiding over a murder case. they must therefore maintain that the crucifixion occurred on the first day of Passover. The conflicting testimonies of the evangelists are so unreliable. you should not be swayed by conjecture or hearsay. (see accompanying article. it is upon this story that the entire Christian religion stands or falls. -. “The Crucifixion Date: On Which Day Was Jesus Crucified?”) [BELOW] . the 14th day (14:17. and the passion narratives in particular. Realize this is not a routine case. The resurrection narratives in the Gospels may be convincing testimony for people who have not read them very carefully. 12:28. though.“It was the third hour when they crucified him. rather than the eve of Passover. As a responsible judge. the 15th Passover. there is virtually not one detail of the crucifixion and resurrection narratives upon which all four Gospel authors agree. but each told a different story. Yet. In fact. Let's begin this examination of the resurrection stories by studying the date of the crucifixion as told by the four Gospels. and (3) a crucifixion/ resurrection chart that carefully maps out the inconsistencies among the four Gospels with regard to the passion narratives.

Only Mary Magdalene Mary mother of came to the tomb James. One is at the head and . (24:2) Two (24:4) Yes -. Joanna.Did Jesus drink while on the cross? Did either one of the two thieves on the cross believe in Jesus? Yes Neither one of the thieves believed in Jesus. prepared the spices before the Sabbath. (24:1) 3 days and 2 nights2 (24:1) When did Mary prepare the spices? Nicodemus. while it was still dark.Mary came early to the tomb. the stone had already been taken away. (16:2) How many days and how many nights was Jesus in the tomb? 3 days and 2 nights2 (28:1) 2 3 days and 2 nights2 (16:2) Although Jesus had prophesied that he would be in the tomb for three days and three nights! -. “My God.After the women arrive at the tomb. (23:3941) “It is finished. (28:2) (16:5) (24:4) In the Book of John.” (23:46) hast thou forsaken my God. inside where was he (they)? away from the tomb. she finds two angels sitting inside the tomb. When Mary arrives at the tomb a second time. (28:1) sun had risen.Matthew 12:40 Two (28:1) Three (16:1) More than four (24:10) One (20:1) How many people came to the tomb Sunday morning following the crucifixion? Who were the women Mary Magdalene and who came to the tomb? the other Mary (28:1) Mary Magdalene. lama sabachthani?” that is. (16:4) One (16:5) Mary Magdalene. (20:1) Was the stone removed when the women arrived at the tomb? No -. (15:32) Not mentioned in Luke Yes In Luke’s story only Not mentioned in John one thief does not believe. Mary the mother of James and Salome (16:1) Yes -. there are no angels when Mary comes to the tomb.When they arrived. the tomb.They came to when the women came the first day of the the tomb when the to the tomb? week.When Mary arrived. hands I commend sabachthani?” “My God. and (20:1) other women (24:10) Yes -. Eloi. (20:1) 2 days and 2 nights2 (20:1) Had the sun yet risen It was toward dawn of Yes -. but the other thief does. Mary prepared the spices before the Sabbath started. my God. the stone had already been taken away. into thy “Eli. the tomb. an angel rolls back the stone. (27:44) No Neither one of the thieves believed in Jesus. (28:1-2) (28:2) How many angels were One at the tomb? Two 2.When they arrived. the stone had already been rolled away. not Mary. Eli. inside by the women. why meaning.” (19:30) What were Jesus’ last dying words on the cross? “Father. (19:39) No -. however. my spirit. 12) (20:1- What was the angel (s) He was sitting on the He was sitting on They were standing doing at the tomb and stone that he had rolled the right side. lama “Eloi. (23:56) At early dawn they went to the tomb. why hast me?” (27:46) thou forsaken me?” (15:34) Not mentioned in Matthew Mary prepared the spices after the Sabbath was (16:1) over.

Luke contradicts Matthew (28:16) and Mark (16:7). There are no that they should not angels giving leave Jerusalem!” instructions to the (Acts 1:4) Mary in John’s story. “Can Both of These Stories Be True?”) (20:12. . tell weeping woman?” As women at the tomb disciples he is going his disciples and Mary responds. she are specifically before you to the Peter he is going turns around and sees *No others in the Book 3 instructed not to go Jesus. leave Jerusalem and go to the Galilee! . whose “Can Both of These post-resurrection tale has the apostles depart Jerusalem. Jesus’ body when she returns to the disciples where “He after departing the commanded them tomb. . (16:6-7) Jerusalem!” Completely contradicting all three (24:49)3 synoptic Gospels. but to Galilee!”3 is the gardener. John’s Mary concludes that Jesus’ body had been removed from the tomb. the quickly and tell his has risen . tomb. not the two does not allow for angels. . on the other hand. in the Luke’s postfourth Gospel. (20:13-17) Luke. and never did. insists that the apostles were never told to. it is resurrection story Jesus. . who tells Mary any of Jesus’ about the followers to leave resurrection. . what happened to which was written by the author of Luke. (see 3 accompanying article. which is about an 80-90 mile journey. and Stories Be True?”) going to the Galilee. John’s story (20:2) has This is also the case Mary clueless as to in the Book of Acts.Luke 24:5-7. who she thinks before you to Galilee!” of John to the Galilee. for he “Do not be In Luke’s postThe angels only ask has risen . (28:6-7) “Stay in standing there. go amazed . he resurrection story Mary “Why are you (chapter 24).the other is at the feet (see accompanying article. 12) What were the angels’ instructions to Mary and the others* at the tomb? “He is not here. 49. Acts 1:4 . Without the (Acts 2:1) presence of the guards at the tomb. . John’s Jerusalem because post-resurrection Luke must have the narrative also lacks the apostles stay in Roman solders that Jerusalem for the Matthew places at the Pentecost. On the contrary.

11-14) 5 Contradicting Mark.resurrection appearance take place? The two Marys. the disciples did not believe (16:13). . whereas Luke asserts that Mary revealed all to the disciples before ever encountering Jesus! -Luke 24:4-10 To whom does Jesus make his first postresurrection appearance? Where does the first post. .” (28:9) Not mentioned in Mark YES -. “I have seen the Lord. 1 John 1:1) Two Times Four Times How many times does Jesus appear after the resurrection? Two Times Three Times 1) 28:9-10 2) 28:17-205 1) 16:9 2) 16:125 3) 16:14-12 1) 24:13-31 2) 24:36-515 Paul Six Times 1 & 2) I Cor. and ran to said nothing to tell the disciples. and worshiped him.” (24:9) The disciples4 (24:4-9) Yes -.” (20:17) (24:39. At the tomb5 (20:1. John 20:14).” anyone. Cleopas and another5 Emmaus5 (24:13.“Behold my No -. they came and held him by his feet. . whom does Mary meet first. “It is true!” (Luke 24:34) whereas Mark insists that when the two reported their encounter. however. Mark. . they quickly . for . her. (15:5) 3) I Cor. Luke maintains that when the two followers who met Jesus on the road to Emmaus returned to Jerusalem and informed the eleven about their encounter. after leaving the (28:9) tomb. Only Mary Magdalene.“. (15:6) 4 & 5) I Cor. Matthew. . they told all this to the eleven . to my Father . Is Mary permitted to touch Jesus after the resurrection? Yes – “. “Touch me not. 12) Only Mary Magdalene. It is quite clear.” (20:12) Jesus4 (20:14) After seeing the angels.Jesus said to hands and my feet . . On the way to Jerusalem. . handle me I am not yet ascended and see .Mary Magdalene tells the disciples. Mark’s story does not indicate where this appearance takes place. Jesus or the disciples? Jesus4 (16:9) Entirely contradicting Luke’s post-resurrection story. the disciples declared.” (16:8) (28:8) Jesus4 (28:9) 4 Yes -. .” . for they were afraid. .Does Mary wish to tell the disciples what happened? Yes -. . . Mark 16:9. (15:7) 6) I Cor.“Returning from the tomb. . . and John all insist that Mary met Jesus before she was able to tell any of the disciples what had happened (Matthew 28:8.“They departed No -. that it occurs sometime after Mary fled the (16:8-9) tomb. . . (15:8) 1) 20:14-17 2) 20:19-236 3) 20:26-295 4) 21:1-23 .

Mark. hold that the crucifixion occurred on the first day of Passover.” (24:33) Eleven disciples (20:26) Peter. (20:14) 5 (24:13) Two strolling followers Ten disciples7 (16:12) 7 Eleven disciples (Thomas was not “. the two sons of Zebedee (James and John). whereas Luke insists that the Holy Spirit was bestowed on the Pentecost.Matthew 12:40 . 8. and them that there) (20:24) 7 11 disciples (16:14) were with them.Acts 1:5. John’s story places only ten disciples at the scene. Paul has this event take place in the presence of all twelve apostles (Corinthians 15:5) although Judas had long since died. At the tomb (20:14) In Jerusalem. and Luke. Acts 1:12). . (15:7) 6) Paul (15:8) 7 Mary Magdalene (16:9) Cleopas and another Mary Magdalene unknown follower. Thomas being absent! -John 20:24 Where do these appearances take place? Leaving the tomb. 2:1.6 Contradicting Luke’s post-resurrection story entirely. . they must. going to the (28:8) disciples.4 Before whom. On a mountain in the Galilee. behind closed doors. truth but one” ©1998 Rabbi Tovia Singer Footnotes: Because all three synoptic insist that the Last Supper was a Passover Seder. 49). 2 1 Although Jesus had prophesied that he would be in the tomb for three days and three nights! -. John has the apostles receive the Holy Spirit on the first Easter Sunday (John 20:22). Nathaniel and two other disciples. Thomas. rather than the eve of Passover. (20:12-29) The Sea of Tiberias (21:1) “For error is manifold. as John would have us believe. (28:16) (But some doubted it!) (28:17) After fleeing the (16:8tomb 9) As they walked to the country (16:12) At a meal (16-:14) Emmaus (24:13) Jerusalem (24:33. (15:5) 3) 500 people (15:6) 4) James (15:7) 5) All 12 apost. therefore. (21:2) According to Matthew. having committed suicide (Matthew 27:5. fifty days latter! -. Jesus made this appearance to all the eleven surviving disciples. and in what chronological order do these appearances take place? Mary Magdalene and the other Mary (28:9) 11 disciples (28:16) Paul I Corinthians 1) Peter (15:5) 2) All 12 apost. Contrary to all this.

6 5 4 Contradicting Luke’s post-resurrection story entirely. if tonight were a Passover Seder. 8. In essence. A perfunctory examination of New Testament texts reveals that the Books of Matthew." (19:14-16) The implications of this stunning contradiction cannot be overstated because both claims cannot be true. that would mean that according to all three synoptic4 Gospels. completely contradicts the first three Gospels. on the other hand. however. The author of the Book of John. whereas Luke insists that the Holy Spirit was bestowed on the Pentecost. Mark. Then he handed him over to them to be crucified. which is the 15th day of Nissan. Jesus made this appearance to all the eleven surviving disciples. "Now it was the day of preparation for the Passover . Mark 16:9. Acts 1:4 Entirely contradicting Luke’s post-resurrection story. and maintains that Jesus was crucified on the eve of Passover. Luke maintains that when the two followers who met Jesus on the road to Emmaus returned to Jerusalem and informed the eleven about their encounter. and Luke. and John all insist that Mary met Jesus before she was able to tell any of the disciples what had happened (Matthew 28:8. then tomorrow would be the first day of Passover5). and going to the Galilee. this is not the sort of inconsistency that can be explained away by missionaries insisting that the reason for the varying Gospel accounts is due to different perspectives of the Gospel writers. which is the 14th day of Nissan. as John contends.3 Luke contradicts Matthew (28:16) and Mark (16:7). Luke. Acts 1:12). Even the date of the crucifixion is an issue of contention among the four Gospels. or the 14th day of Nissan. The Book of John reads. . Thomas being absent! -. Contrary to all this. or the 15th day of the Jewish month of Nissan (for example. Matthew. or on the first day of Passover. .1 Mark. and never did. . the disciples did not believe. John has the apostles receive the Holy Spirit on the first Easter Sunday (John 20:22). Mark. insists that the apostles were never told to. the disciples declared “It is true!” (Luke 24:34) whereas Mark insists that when the two reported their encounter. which is about an 80-90 mile journey.John 20:24 The Crucifixion Date: On Which Day Was Jesus Crucified? When examining the four crucifixion accounts as they are presented in the New Testament. whereas Luke asserts that Mary revealed all to the disciples before ever encountering Jesus! -. whose post-resurrection tale has the apostles depart Jerusalem.2 and Luke3 all agree that the Last Supper was actually a Passover Seder.Luke 24:5-7. John’s story places only ten disciples at the scene. as the Gospels of Matthew. John 20:14). Jesus was crucified either of the eve of Passover. leave Jerusalem and go to the Galilee! -. . Bearing in mind that Jesus was crucified on the very next day following the Last Supper.Acts 1:5. Jesus could not have been crucified on both days. it is difficult to point to a single event upon which all four Gospel writers agree. and Luke maintain. 49. Mark. Paul has this event take place in the presence of all twelve apostles (I Corinthians 15:5) although Judas had long since died. 2:1-4 7 According to Matthew. having committed suicide (Matthew 27:5. Jesus was crucified on the first day of Passover. fifty days latter! -.Luke 24:4-10 Contradicting Mark (16:13).

John cannot include a Passover Seder in his version of the Last Supper because according to his reckoning of the date of the crucifixion. Mark. . Also. according to John. the synoptic Gospels never mention in their accounts the fear the Jews had of entering the home of Pilate. This is not a problem for John because John states that Jesus was crucified on the eve of Passover. Bearing this in mind. the disciples immediately presume that he is taking money to purchase food for the festive meal (13:29). . which flourished during the time that the Book of John was being written. there is neither eating of the matzo nor drinking of the wine because in John's Gospel the evening before the crucifixion does not occur on the festival of Passover. so as to avoid ritual defilement and to be able to eat the Passover. Jesus raised the matzo saying. but rather it was the festival of Passover. of the four Gospels. Mark. only John ever equates Jesus with the Passover lamb. the Jews had already eaten the Passover lamb the previous night. and Luke they had already eaten it because the Passover Seder took place the previous night. Mark. the night of the Last Supper fell on the night of the 13th day of Nissan. Mark. why is it that when the synoptic Gospels described the communion at the last supper. . Mark." (1:29. For instance. The notion that an animal was to be revered and sacrificed as a god was well known and widely practiced throughout the Roman Empire7 in mystery religions such as Mithraism. they had just eaten it? Furthermore. Moreover. Such concern would be preposterous because in Matthew. . and Luke. . when Judas Iscariot mysteriously leaves the Last Supper with the moneybag. the author was trying to appeal to a second century church that had already become predominantly gentile."6 (John 18:28) Why were these Jews concerned about not being able to eat the Passover? According to Matthew. in his Last Supper no aspect of the Seder ceremony occurs. Remembering that the book of John was the last of the four Gospels to be written. John's account of the Last Supper only describes Jesus' washing the feet of the disciples. which was not a holiday. Mark. we therefore find no mention of anyone drinking wine. as John insisted. The first question that naturally comes to mind is: Why would John change the crucifixion date from the 15th day of Nissan to the 14th day? Why was it so important to the author of the fourth Gospel that Jesus be crucified on the eve of Passover rather than the first day of Passover. It is for this reason that only in John's Gospel does John the Baptist proclaim of Jesus. numerous other aspects of John's passion narrative will differ radically with the synoptic Gospels. as the other three Gospels claim? The simple answer becomes quite clear when we have a good understanding of what message John's Gospel was trying to convey to its reader. In contrast. John had to appeal to these pagans of the Greco-Roman world whom he was addressing. John begins his 13th chapter by saying. so that this statement makes perfect sense in his story.As a result of this conflict over the crucifixion date. This was accomplished by carefully integrating heathen practices with elements of the Jewish faith. and Luke that momentous night wasn't "before the festival of Passover. the Lamb of God . when the Jews were handing Jesus over to Pontius Pilate to be crucified on the morning of the crucifixion. Therefore. and Luke agreed with the fourth Gospel that the lamb was the antitype of Jesus. . "Behold. "Now before the festival of the Passover . "This is my body"? He should have raised the Paschal lamb. If Matthew. according to the first three Gospels." This is a stunning opening statement because according to Matthew. "They [the Jews] themselves did not enter the headquarters. Why would Judas be purchasing food for the feast if. or eating matzo and herbs as we find in Matthew. and Luke's story. 36) In fact. in John's Last Supper. John's description of what transpired during the Last Supper is entirely different from the accounts of Matthew. This book's author was well aware of this and seamlessly fused together the Mithraic sacrifice of the redeeming bull with the Jewish sacrifice of the Paschal lamb. . In fact. At mass. In the book of John (chapter 13). John's story describes how. where the events that occurred the night before the crucifixion are described. and Luke.

see the place where he lay. but she did not know . "Greetings!" And they came to him. there you will see him. John's Jesus is also "slaughtered" (i. and said to them. "They have taken away my Lord." (3) Then Peter and the other disciple set out and went toward the tomb. This brief narrative only fits into the theological story line of the fourth Gospel.priests should be giving their parishioners lamb chops rather than a wafer for communion. (12) and she saw two angels in white. go and tell my brothers to go to Galilee. He saw the linen wrappings lying there. (6) Then Simon Peter came. (13) They said to her. while it was still dark. Therefore. "They have taken the Lord out of the tomb. (11) But Mary stood weeping outside the tomb. for an angel of the Lord. one at the head and the other at the feet. we have come to the reason that John places the crucifixion on the 14th day rather than the 15th. but the other disciple outran Peter and reached the tomb first. Mary Magdalene came to the tomb and saw that the stone had been removed from the tomb. (5) But the angel said to the women. (3) His appearance was like lightning. and his clothing white as snow. (9) for as yet they did not understand the scripture. there they will see me. she bent over to look into the tomb. who reached the tomb first. The Resurrection Accounts: Can Both of These Stories Be True? Matthew 28:1-10 (1)After the Sabbath. (4) For fear of him the guards shook and became like dead men. (6)He is not here. In addition. (2) So she ran and went to Simon Peter and the other disciple. (10) Then the disciples returned to their homes. Because the Torah commands Israel to slaughter the Paschal lamb on the eve of Passover or on the 14th day of Nissan (Exodus 12:6). (7) Then go quickly and tell his disciples. As she wept. for he has been raised. and ran to tell his disciples. 'He has been raised from the dead. Mary Magdalene and the other Mary went to see the tomb. crucified) on the eve of Passover or the 14th day of Nissan. and went into the tomb. not lying with the linen wrappings but rolled up in a place by itself." (14) When she had said this. (8) Then the other disciple.' This is my message for you. the one whom Jesus loved. and we do not know where they have laid him. and indeed he is going ahead of you to Galilee." (8) So they left the tomb quickly with fear and great joy. "Do not be afraid. but he did not go in. (7) and the cloth that had been on Jesus' head. that he must rise from the dead. and I do not know where they have laid him. I know that you are looking for Jesus who was crucified. Come. as the first day of the week was dawning. (5) He bent down to look in and saw the linen wrappings lying there.e. "Woman. also went in. and worshiped him. she turned around and saw Jesus standing there. (2) And suddenly there was a great earthquake. and he saw and believed. following him. (9) Suddenly Jesus met them and said. took hold of his feet. descending from heaven. "Do not be afraid. why are you weeping?" She said to them. as he said. sitting where the body of Jesus had been lying." John 20:1-18 (1) Early on the first day of the week. came and rolled back the stone and sat on it. only John's narrative includes the story of the Roman soldiers who pierced the side of Jesus rather than break his legs on the cross (John 19:31-37). This is because only the author of the Book of John was eager not to have Jesus' bones broken so as not to violate the prohibition of breaking the bones of the Paschal lamb found in the Book of Exodus (12:46). (4) The two were running together. (10) Then Jesus said to them.

and sends the women to inform the disciples that they are to meet the resurrected Jesus in the Galilee. because I have not yet ascended to the Father. after Mary finds the empty tomb. that is where the similarities between the first and fourth Gospel end. which we will now examine. Jesus then essentially repeats the angel's instructions to them. must take pause. In John's version of the first Easter morning. she said to him. (Matthew 28:8-10) Like Matthew's account. and we do not know where they have laid him!" (John 20:1-2) . who often allow for occasional mistakes that appear in the New Testament. she concludes that someone had removed the body from the grave. What is wrong with the two stories quoted above? If taken separately. tell me where you have laid him. after leaving the tomb.'" (18) Mary Magdalene went and announced to the disciples. "I am ascending to my Father and your Father.that it was Jesus. Matthew presents us with a post-resurrection story where the two Marys are greeted at the tomb by an angel who had just rolled away the stone from its entrance. Matthew continues to relate how. Mary certainly had no reason to believe otherwise. if you have carried him away. "I have seen the Lord". "Sir. "Mary!" She turned and said to him in Hebrew. the resurrection accounts presented by either Matthew or John appear fancifully viable. "Rabbouni!" (which means Teacher). John's resurrection narrative also contains an empty tomb. But go to my brothers and say to them. The angel goes on to instruct both Marys that they are to tell the disciples that Jesus had gone before them to the Galilee to meet them. and I will take him away. in John's story." (16) Jesus said to her. "Do not hold on to me. "They have taken the Lord out of the tomb. however. This brief study will examine several irresolvable contradictions in the variant Gospel accounts of the resurrection chronology as reported by the authors of Matthew and John. both Marys unexpectedly meet the resurrected Jesus himself. (15) Jesus said to her. there is no angel there to greet her with information about Jesus' whereabouts or instructions about a rendezvous in the Galilee as we find in Matthew's account (Matthew 28:5-7). they collapse because it would have been historically and chronologically impossible for both accounts to have occurred. After revealing to both women the empty place where Jesus' body once laid. to my God and your God. the angel proclaims to them that Jesus had already risen from the dead. (17) Jesus said to her. and she told them that he had said these things to her. have been selected because they cannot be ameliorated or explained away by such well-worn arguments as "each Gospel writer is giving us his own personal perspective. The following discrepancies. the crucial events presented in these two Gospel narratives are so manifestly contradictory that even liberal Christians. In fact. (Matthew 28:1-7) If that encounter wasn't convincing enough for the two women. when Mary Magdalene comes to the tomb. On the contrary. "Woman. However. She therefore quickly runs back to the disciples and reports. why are you weeping? For whom are you looking?" Supposing him to be the gardener. When read side by side. whom they both worship." Such a rationalization becomes impossible because the above Gospel narratives are so irreconcilable that no explanation can account for the stark differences between them.

Why then in John's Gospel is Mary clueless as to where Jesus' body was moved. completely nullifies this argument because according to his story line that is precisely what Mary thought had happened. To compound the problem of the conflicting resurrection accounts even further. had the angel(s) already informed her that Jesus rose from the dead? According to Matthew he clearly did. and she was determined to locate it (John 20:11-13). in John's story. Therefore. The question every missionary must respond to is the following: When Mary met Jesus for the first time after the resurrection. Roman soldiers were placed at the tomb for the specific purpose of preventing just such an occurrence? Obviously.that Jesus rose from the dead? Further contradicting Matthew's post-resurrection account. Missionaries often contend that it would have been impossible for anyone to have surreptitiously removed Jesus' corpse from the tomb because there were guards posted at the tomb who would have prevented such an occurrence. the only explanation for the missing body was that someone must have removed it. Although in Matthew's account the angel emphatically tells Mary about the resurrection (Matthew 28:5-7). Both could not have occurred. however. without any possibility for the body to have been quietly whisked away. In fact. Mary is still unaware of any resurrection as she complains to the angels that someone had removed Jesus' cadaver.The above account is entirely inconsistent with Matthew's post-resurrection narrative. John's account. we are simply staring at two entirely different stories. "Woman. Matthew's Roman guards do not exist. they argue. How could John's Mary have thought that someone removed the body. Mary turns around only to see Jesus standing before her. and all this transpires before Mary ever sees the disciples. Why didn't Mary know that Jesus' body was not laid anywhere? In Matthew's story. in John's Gospel the angels say nothing about any resurrection. Mary clearly didn't feel as though the scenario of Jesus' body being removed was unlikely. the only other logical conclusion is that Jesus must have truly been raised from the dead. Mary is still completely unaware of any resurrection. when according to Matthew. It is at this final juncture of the narrative that the accounts of Matthew and John remain hopelessly irreconcilable. we are not just looking at contradictory versions. . The angels only ask Mary. the angel had already reported to her that Jesus rose from the dead and had gone to the Galilee. and in John's account they certainly did not. It is only then that Mary realizes that she was speaking to the resurrected Jesus (John 20:14-16). Mary had already heard from two reliable sources -. Matthew's guards didn't dissuade John's Mary from concluding that someone had taken Jesus' body. why are you weeping?" Mary then inquires as to whether the angels have removed Jesus' body. As far as John's Mary was concerned. As we survey the divergent New Testament accounts of the resurrection. At that point. because. and therefore asks the "gardener" if he was the one who carried away Jesus' body. when according to Matthew. Matthew maintains that Mary also met the resurrected Jesus himself right after leaving the tomb (Matthew 28:9). John's story lacks the Roman guards whom Matthew places at the tomb to prevent anyone from removing Jesus' body. the author of the fourth Gospel has no need for Roman guards at the tomb. that was her only logical conclusion. John's Gospel continues to unfold with Mary returning to the tomb a second time only to find two angels sitting inside the tomb.the angel at the tomb and Jesus himself -. if the angel's instructions to her were not convincing enough. Moreover. It would therefore have been ludicrous for her to think that someone had moved the body when the angels had already informed her that Jesus' resurrection had occurred. This Gospel problem of the missing Roman soldiers in the Book of John raises another important issue. Clearly. and mistakes him for the gardener. so in John's crucifixion account they simply are not there. according to John.

in different places. There is. does not make this claim. time.-50 C. such as the assassination of JFK.). When a number of people. Yet his entire corpus of works fails to mention a word regarding Jesus or his alleged resurrection. Thus. Not only were the Gospel writers not eyewitnesses. Moreover. however.is the believer's total reliance on the credibility of the divine author. The testimonies of a traffic accident are believable because they are likely to have occurred and make sense in our world. errors will be made. This is what we expect from humans! The New Testament.we expect and anticipate many contradictions. write a description of an event that occurred in the significant past -whether a year ago.outreachjudaism. and are therefore likely to make unintentional and intentional errors. is a biological and scientific impossibility. they didn't even write their accounts of the story until at least 40-70 years after it allegedly took place.defying all natural laws -. when various individuals witness a traffic accident and then attempt to clearly transmit the information they saw. and at different times. a more significant issue here: the source. Josephus' silence on this matter is also deafening. disparities will inevitably exist among the accounts.e.Many Christian apologists have argued that the inconsistent resurrection accounts are similar to a traffic accident that is viewed by four different witnesses: Each who sees it has a distinct perspective. is inerrant. however. Moreover. a renowned philosopher and a contemporary of Jesus. most of the inconsistencies in the resurrection narratives (i.that of perfection.E. mistakes and inconsistencies are expected. wrote extensively about his time.E. without Heavenly inspiration. a decade ago. Moreover. God. Every element of the resurrection narrative is recklessly contradicted by another. This might be a tenable idea if the evangelists were actually on the scene and watched the story unfold as the women approached the tomb. you ask? Because humans are fallible. or a half a century ago -. Yet the moment our finger begins to navigate through its verses we are confronted and appalled by the plethora of glaring irreconcilable inconsistencies. when we read descriptions of what transpired during a historical event. and place) cannot be explained away as differences in perspective. Consequently. There is another difference between conflicting accounts of a traffic accident and conflicting accounts of the resurrection. Philo of Alexandria (20 B.000-year-old tale is the Greek document called the New Testament. Very truly yours. however. on the other hand. Therefore. the only reason for believing its miraculous occurrence -. Rabbi Tovia Singer http://www. Best regards for a happy Passover. hopelessly trying to swim with shoes made of concrete. These answers. Thus. Why. are so plainly forced and contrived that even a perfunctory examination of these rationalizations lets its reader know that they were written by desperate men.org/resurrection. Yet this was not the case. if we are to assume they were written by mere mortals. the only information we have of this 2.C. date. God doesn't suffer from human fallibility and certainly wouldn't present such a garbled account of what Christians consider the most crucial event in world history. we must hold it to an entirely different standard of accuracy -. The resurrection story. these books were penned from one end of the Roman Empire to the other. the resurrection story is a self-serving rationalization to account for a messianic failure.html . Since the stunning contradictions clearly establish the human origins of the resurrection stories. however. I know there have been many frantic attempts to respond to some of the countless inconsistencies that exist in the Gospels. Accordingly. Its authors and those who promoted the Christian religion wanted us to believe that its content was divinely inspired! Every word is from God! With this claim. we can no more accept their testimony than we can that of the Book of Mormon. The time span from the first letters of Paul to the last words of Revelation is over a half a century.

Jesus & Christianity http://www.org Response to Missionaries www.org/cr/index.beingjewish. The word synoptic comes from two Greek words that mean "the same view.angelfire. Suggesting.outreachjudaism. and Luke.htm Archive of Articles. and there is a strong literary relationship among them.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no. trinity. and Luke are referred to as the synoptic Gospels because these three Gospels tell a similar story. 2Mark 14:17-25.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah.com/counter.drazin. it might be the second day of Passover because there is a custom to hold two Seders outside of Israel.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide. Belief in this deity flourished throughout the Roman Empire during the second and third centuries C. messiah.org/phpBB2/index. 6This is because it was a common custom among gentiles to bury their dead in their homes.simplyjewish.E. and one Mithraic hymn begins.TorahAtlanta.php Jews for Judaism .html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www. Mark. however.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www. "Thou hast redeemed us too by shedding the eternal blood. . Mark.jewsforjudaism.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www.att. Similar to Christianity.html Reveals the error." Matthew.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.MessiahTruth.jewsforjudaism. www. however. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www. 4The synoptic Gospels are those of Matthew.simpletoremember. 5This is true only in the land of Israel. that the Last Supper might have been in second Seder would create a 48-hour problem instead of a 24-hour problem. 3Luke 22:14-23.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries. In diaspora.Footnotes: 1Matthew 26:20-30.kosherjudaism." PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries http://jdstone. 7This is particularly true of the pagan deity Mithras. Mithra was called the "Mediator" (see I Timothy 2:5).com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.

and the poor shall not give less than half a shekel. missionaries will cite Hebrews 9:22 (NT) which states: "Without the shedding of blood there is no remission" (forgiveness of sin). These passages are also here to tell us that the only permitted use of blood is on the altar. Examples: This they shall give. so too Hashem allows us many way to atone for our souls. The rich shall not give more. Blood is considered important because when an animal is offered. Almost all things? I propose that Paul was aware that the atoning effect of blood did not cover everything. And almost all things are by the law purged with blood. not the skin or the bones. The entire verse reads: Hebrews 9:22. and that other means were available for atonement." An honest reading of Leviticus 17:10-14 shows clearly that the Torah is speaking about a prohibition against eating blood. every one who passes among those who are counted. and no other. but actually do the same thing to the New Testament as well. (NO BLOOD). it seems that "blood makes atonement for the soul. is to actually look at the quote in the New Testament that missionaries cite to make their case... Let us now examine the Tanach to see examples of where atonement was achieved in ways other than through a sin offering. Just as a store will allow you to pay by cash. But is this true? Is this a Jewish concept? After all the New Testament claims to be the fulfillment of Judaism as found in the Jewish Bible. not about atonement. The first step to appreciating this. and I have given it to you upon the altar to make an atonement for your souls. But is a blood sacrifice the only means Hashem has given us to atone for our souls? Absolutely not. From a simple reading of this. and without shedding of blood is no remission. half a shekel according to the shekel of the sanctuary.. when they give an offering to the Lord. to make an atonement for your souls. But.Is A Blood Sacrifice Required For Atonement? Quite often. we must always ask ourselves. Exodus 30:13-15 1 . etc. Let us look at this question to see if the New Testament is telling the truth about this important subject. or credit card or food stamps. We will find that not only do they take Tanach verses out of context. the blood is the part that effects the atonement. "What is the full context of this verse. The New Testament bases this idea on Leviticus 17:11 which says: For the life of the flesh is in the blood. or check. is this the whole story? First of all. for it is the blood that makes an atonement for the soul. Without blood atonement does not seem possible.

. The Lord 11 Samuel 12:13 also has put away your sin. Leviticus 5:11 -13 In most cases in the Bible. repents and is forgiven And David said to Nathan.... and Israel. incense of abomination they are to me. and that I may consume them. why does your anger burn hot against your people. and. plead for the widow. that great city. which he had said that he would do to them. it is a sin offering. put away the evil of your doings from before my eyes. (NO BLOOD) Jonah 1:2. Concerning Nineveh. And the Lord repented of the evil which he thought to do to his people. and I will make of you a great nation. I have seen this people. a memorial part of it. and he took off his robe. And word came to the king of Nineveh. it is a stiff-necked people. And the people of Nineveh believed God.. And Moses pleaded with the Lord his G-d.. Furthermore. and burn it on the altar. and put on sackcloth. that they turned from their evil way. seek judgment. and they shall inherit it forever. And God saw their doings. and all this land that I have spoken of will I give to your seed. or two young pigeons. 3:5-6. that my anger may burn hot against them. Lord.. and the priest shall take his handful of it. from the greatest of them to the least of them. And the priest shall make an atonement for him in regard to his sin that he has sinned in one of these. relieve the oppressed. And Nathan said to David. go to Nineveh. Learn to do well. and covered himself with sackcloth. David is confronted with his sin. stories of the forgiveness of sin involve genuine. Psalm 51:19 Look at the story of David and the matter of Uriah... I have sinned against the Lord. (NO Exodus 32:9-14 BLOOD). you will not despise. you shall not die. to whom you swore by your own self. and it shall be forgiven him. I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven. and with a mighty hand. judge the orphan. for their wickedness has come up before me. and God repented of the evil. Isaiah 1:13-17 The sacrifices of God are a broken spirit. Remember Abraham. the Gentile city in the Book of Jonah: Arise. and sat in ashes . as a meal offering. and he arose from his throne. Then shall he bring it to the priest. 0 God. make yourselves clean. and proclaimed a fast. Wash yourselves. your servants. and he did not do it. (NO BLOOD). (NO BLOOD). behold. cease to do evil. now therefore let me alone. heart-wrenching repentance. (NO BLOOD). according to the offerings made by fire to the Lord. 10 2 . and said. whom you have brought out of the land of Egypt with great power. Bring no more vain offerings.. is atonement closed to him? But if he is not able to bring two turtledoves. and the remnant shall be the priest's. then he who sinned shall bring for his offering the tenth part of an ephah of fine flour for a sin offering. which is really what Hashem desires most. Isaac. and said to them. (NO BLOOD).. and cry against it. a broken and contrite heart. following the Golden Calf: And the Lord said to Moses.What if someone cannot afford an animal to sacrifice.

"They shall pray unto the L-rd toward the city which You have chosen . and threatens the eternity of your neshama (soul). we are told what we must do when we have been put out of our land." 3 . one that threatens to cut you off from the Jewish people. return to the Lord your God. according to all your righteousness. and it has nothing to do with blood. Christians will then ask. We are told in Deuteronomy 28:64 "And the Lord shall scatter you among all people from the one end of the earth even unto the other. Jews offer repentance instead. How is it possible to attain atonement without sacrifices? Since no sacrifices have been offered since the Temple was destroyed. let your anger and your fury be turned away from your city Jerusalem. and turn to the Lord.. forgive Your people that have sinned.. we as Jews have sinned. All of us. Daniel 9:5 And his plea for forgiveness: To the Lord our God belong mercy and forgiveness. O Israel.. your holy mountain. I pray you. For Daniel knew of Hosea. Lastly. for you have stumbled in your iniquity. you may have sinned in a very dangerous way. say to him: Forgive all iniquity. Jerusalem and your people have become a. it is applicable to us today. and have done wickedly and have rebelled.... I Kings 8:44-50 Yes. which neither you nor your fathers have known. Daniel 9:9. and there you shall serve other gods. Though this was spoken by King Solomon. and have committed iniquity. so will Hosea 14:2-3 we offer the words of our lips instead of calves. or Jesus.Christians may ask. and for the iniquities of our fathers.reproach to all those who are around us.. and say .16 Daniel asked God for forgiveness for himself and his people. Take with you words.. in many ways. and so return to You with all their heart . by what authority can we substitute words for sacrifices? We read in Hosea an admonition from G-d through his prophet for us all. and have departed from your precepts and from your judgments. because for our sins. We have sinned . Message to Messianic Jews By the path you have chosen. Listen to the prayers of the prophet Daniel who lived during the exile in Babylon.. and receive us graciously. 0 Lord. dispersed among all the nations and want forgiveness.. and Daniel knew of Nathan the prophet's words about King David. for we have rebelled against him.. His words of confession: We have sinned. and we must follow the words of our prophets to return to G-d.. Would Daniel be praying for something he couldn't have because he couldn't offer blood? Of course not.

When Moses spoke to his generation of gods "that neither you nor your fathers worshipped". distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www.html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www.TorahAtlanta.simpletoremember.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike. realize that it is no small thing to believe that Jesus is the Messiah.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. 4 .drazin. as your ancestors did. They worshipped the one G-d who revealed Himself at Sinai.html Reveals the error. who will accept you.org Response to Missionaries www.jewsforjudaism. http://jdstone.beingjewish.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah. messiah.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.org/cr/index.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no. he sought to exclude for all time all foreign views of G-d.It is important to see that the Jewish belief in G-d has standards. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www. as you receive forgiveness of sin.outreachjudaism. Therefore.com PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home.att. and without a sacrifice.htm Archive of Articles.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide.org/phpBB2/index.torahatlanta.simplyjewish. www.MessiahTruth.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www. the eternal cutting off of your soul.jewsforjudaism. ___ Source: http://www.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet. Return to the true G-d and to his people.com/counter. trinity.kosherjudaism. Jesus & Christianity http://www. You can do teshuvah (repentance).com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.php Jews for Judaism . It is idolatry and for a Jew is punishable by koras.angelfire. Moses and his generation did not worship a trinity.

for all time. a male without blemish” "Jesus. ONE: Christians claim Jesus was a sacrifice for the sins of all. he shall bring it a female without blemish. Leviticus 4:32: And if he bring a lamb for a sin offering. Sin-offerings are needed to atone for deeds that were committed “INADVERTENTLY. come to his knowledge. for his sin which he hath sinned. a female without blemish. Since the Christian sacrifice aka Jesus. TWO: Leviticus 4:21: And he shall carry forth the bullock without the camp. in contrast to other offerings. and all sins. no sacrifice can be offered or accepted by one who sins intentionally. But what does God say about this? Two points must be addressed. The key word here is “without. it seems one can bring a lamb. he shall bring his offering. a kid of the goats. the more we examine this sacrificial lamb thing. is supposed to be the one great sacrifice for the sins of all. These “sin” offerings cannot atone for sins that were committed INTENTIONALLY. blood ran down his forehead from the Crown of Thorns and he was . come to his knowledge: then he shall bring his offering. No offerings is sufficient to remove the stain of such sinfulness. That is right.” The Christian Bible clearly says Jesus was whipped bloody. "Bullock"? I thought we were meant to believe that Jesus was a lamb? Leviticus 4:23: “Or if his sin.JESUS. which he hath sinned. after all. Or if his sin. a “HUMAN” sacrifice for the sins of all.” In other words. Chapter 4 of Leviticus lists offerings that are “required” to atone for sins.” as a result of carelessness. sin-offerings were never meant for ALL. But wait. On the other hand. and be guilty. that can be done only through repentance and a change of the attitudes that made it possible for the transgressor to flout God’s will. and burn him as he burned the first bullock: is a sin offering for the congregation. meaning all people for all sins for all times. LAMB OR GOAT? Hugh Fogelman Christians maintain Jesus was the Passover Lamb. while he doeth somewhat against any of the commandments of the Lord concerning things which ought not to be done. a female without blemish?" Were not Christians taught that Jesus was to be a sacrificial lamb? Was not Jesus a male? So. accident and without intent." then it cannot be “for all sinners. (Leviticus 4:2 and Leviticus 4:22). a kid of the goats. it just shows that the Christian sacrifice was not a real sacrifice for the common people after all. A "kid of the goats. a Kid of the goats"? And all these years Christians were taught that Jesus was a lamb? Leviticus 4:27-28: And if any one of the common people sin through ignorance. wherein he hath sinned.

Jesus. as his flesh was torn. When the sin. and they have done somewhat against any of the commandments of the Lord concerning things which should not be done. as according to Leviticus Chapter 4. Christians should at least now realize that Jesus was not: perfect. the fact that God does not accept human blood sacrifices. But. where the ashes are poured out. When was the "sacrifice" of Jesus burnt? How can Jesus be a "perfect" sacrifice. "Bullock"? I thought we were meant to believe that Jesus was a lamb? How is Jesus supposed to be a sacrifice for sin. is known. Jesus was not a female either¯just one more little detail that slips through Christian minds. and shall pour out all the blood at the bottom of the altar of the burnt offering. I about forgot. Now. Leviticus 4:12: Even the whole bullock shall he carry forth without the camp unto a clean place. a female lamb. a kid of the goats. unless the rules had been changed. and it shall be forgiven him. that is in the tabernacle of the congregation. as the fat of the lamb is taken away from the sacrifice of the peace offerings. NO! Leviticus 4:13-14 And if the whole congregation of Israel sin through ignorance. and the thing be hid from the eyes of the assembly. if his death does not conform to God's Laws concerning sacrifice? Only if you change the rules set forth by God. and burnt on the altar.circumcised. then the congregation shall offer a young bullock for the sin. and the priest shall burn them upon the altar. was not an acceptable sacrifice! One small detail that Christians apparently forget. and bring him before the tabernacle of the congregation. and are guilty. who would change the unmitigated gall to G-d’s rules? Do you have the authority to change G-d’s laws. for he was NOT without blemish. These alone would disqualify him. Oops. Leviticus 4:18 And he shall put some of the blood upon the horns of the altar which is before the Lord. . and burn him on the wood with fire: where the ashes are poured out shall he be burnt. according to the offerings made by fire unto the Lord: and the priest shall make an atonement for his sin that he hath committed. if these sacrifices all speak of "unintentional sins?" Leviticus 4:35 And he shall take away all the fat thereof. overlooking that “small” detail. which is at the door of the tabernacle of the congregation. which they have sinned against it. rules and/or procedures? Does your preacher have this authority? Or perhaps Paul? In one word. a bullock.

” for personal sin/variable chatas the lamb MUST be female.org ]. Here. Answer these questions for yourself! Which “offerings” would you apply to Jesus? Was Jesus a symbol of a lamb or a goat? These are very important questions! Your life may very well ride on your answers. not in the Christian bible. HOWEVER. For peace offerings (shelamim) the male lamb was used For Pesach (Passover) the male lamb WITHOUT blemish was used. the male goat (kid) was indeed used to take away our sins. he could not have been a sacrifice for “intentional” sins. For Yom Kippur. which taketh away the sin of the world!” Christians took those two phases and made them world renowned: (1) Lamb of God. The only place in the Christian Bible that makes the claim that Jesus took away the sin of the world is found in John 1:29. For guilt offerings (asham) the male lamb was used. we encourage you to distribute it further. and is copyrighted by the author. © 2001-2006 Christianity Revealed. Two important rules must be followed: (1) the lamb MUST be without blemish (2) there is no association of any sin involved. there is no mentioned of any sin and the male offerings once died MUST be burnt. publisher and/or Christianity Revealed. Truth is in Torah. upon seeing Jesus. the lamb MUST also be female. and (2) taketh away the sin of the world. John the Baptist.Even if Jesus had conformed to these criteria. For Nazir Tahor and Metzora. answer accurately and then you will be right. makes this claim. . provided that you comply with our copyright policy. Answer honestly. The content on this page is produced by Christianity Revealed [ jdstone. For the “Outer chatas/sin offerings. For burnt offerings (Olah) the male lambs are used. If you enjoyed this article. “Behold the Lamb of God. Anyone who knows Torah would certainly know that associating lamb to sin must follow the rules established by God.

org/cr/index.christianaggression. "Only lies have our fathers handed down to us.org . distortions and falsehood of Christianity. http://jdstone.angelfire.jdstone. trinity.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. to You nations will come from the ends of the earth and say. Jesus.org/cr ---------------------------------------------------------------------- PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.19) ---------------------------------------------------------------------Visit the Christianity Revealed Web Site: http://www.htm Archive of Articles.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet. Christianity.outreachjudaism. etc.MessiahTruth. http://www.torahatlanta.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.com/ http://www.kosherjudaism.---------------------------------------------------------------------"O Lord.org Response to Missionaries www. emptiness in which there is nothing of any avail!" (Jeremiah 16. Who are my power and my strength and my refuge in the day of trouble.com/counter. http://www.html Reveals the error.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies http://www.jewsforjudaism. messiah.

and foster tolerance and respect for Judaism among non-Jews. posted on its web page its response to a number of points made on one of the tapes entitled Sin and Atonement from Outreach Judaism's Let's Get Biblical series. This remarkable program has inspired Jewish people worldwide to understand the beauty and truth of their faith. the work of Outreach Judaism has become more vital than ever. Jews for Jesus draws all of their arguments from rabbinic and secular sources. It is only by using the words of the written Jewish scriptures alone can a Christian begin to understand in a meaningful way why Judaism does not accept the Christian messiah. Jews for Jesus called this section of its web page Let's Get Really Biblical.outreachjudaism. Moses. Jews for Jesus responds on its web page Jews for Jesus. Our renowned Let's Get Biblical tape series and accompanying in-depth study guide has become one of the most effective educational tools in the counter missionary movement. . Without a blood sacrifice man is lost in a state of hopelessness. a well known Hebrew-Christian missionary organization. Instead of quoting from the Bible. they call this response. To the horror of Jewish families worldwide. It would therefore be pointless to use any other source other than Tanach to disprove the arguments made by missionaries. Jews for Jesus does not quote the Bible even once throughout their entire response. Introduced in 1993. As a result. Throughout the Let's Get Biblical tape series I only quote from the Bible for a simple reason: Christians are not believers in the Oral Law and the messorah (tradition) transmitted to us by our teacher.org 1 Outreach Judaism Responds to Jews for Jesus The "Let's Get Biblical" Tape Series Outreach Judaism is committed to respond effectively and positively to Christian missionaries who target Jews for conversion. Let's Get Really Biblical. This is our mandate. we will explain the crucial issue addressed by the tape "Sin and Atonement. Ironically. To prove this point.www. this program has helped countless people understand why Judaism does not accept the Christian messiah. Their choice of this title is puzzling given that whereas our Let's Get Biblical tape series quotes exclusively from the Bible. Paradoxically. the church insists that the Bible sets forth only blood atonement to expiate sin. They contend that there can be no forgiveness of sin without a blood sacrifice. the church's effort to evangelize the Jewish people has escalated to a feverish pitch. Issue addressed on "Sin and Atonement" Prior to responding to the arguments of Jews for Jesus." This tape responds to one of Christendom's most central disputes with the Jewish faith: How can man expiate his sin without the shedding of blood? Missionaries claim that the blood sacrificial system is man's only conduit to atonement.

that person shall be completely cut off. But the person who does anything defiantly. making atonement for him that he may be forgiven. This sacrifice. Jews have lacked the essential and indispensable animal-sacrificial system for atonement. there are three methods of atonement clearly defined in the Jewish scriptures: The sin sacrifice. .. The tape Sin and Atonement and its corresponding chapter in the study guide responds to the above missionary argument in a variety of ways. and that person shall be cut off from among his people.org 2 Moreover. this verse only explains the prohibition of eating blood.. Missionaries quote Leviticus 17:11 To support this claim that atonement can only be achieved through the shedding of blood. evangelical Christians assert that for the past nineteen centuries since the destruction of the second temple in 70 C. then he shall offer a one year old female goat for a sin offering. but three methods of atonement in the Bible Contrary to the missionary claim that bloodsacrifice is the only method of atonement in the Bible. and had to bear his own iniquity because of his rebellious intent to sin against God. Missionaries cite Leviticus 17:11 which reads: "This is because the life of the flesh is in the blood. Consequently.. his guilt shall be on him. The following is a brief overview of six crucial points elucidated in Sin and Atonement. the sin sacrifice (known in the Jewish scriptures as Korban Chatat) did not atone for all types of sin.outreachjudaism. they insist. 1repentance 2and charity. The Torah teaches this fundamental principle in Numbers 15:27-31: "If a person sins unintentionally. for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul. whether he is native or an alien.www. is the death of Jesus on the cross. Christians conclude that only by being covered in the blood of the Cross can man have any hope of being forgiven by God for his sins.4 The sin sacrifice was inadequate to atone for a transgression committed intentionally." With this verse in hand.3 Moreover. they maintain.. only for man's most insignificant iniquity: unintentional sins." Refutation II: Leviticus 17:11 deals with the prohibition of eating blood Contrary to the Christian claim that Leviticus 17:11 proves that man can only atone for his iniquity through the shedding of blood.E. but rather. And the priest shall make atonement before the LORD for the person who goes astray when he sins unintentionally. First. and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls. that one is blaspheming the LORD. Because he has despised the word of the LORD and has broken His commandment. God must have provided a blood atonement in place of the animal sacrifices of the past. The brazen sinner was barred from the Sanctuary. an overview of the tape "Sin and Atonement" Refutation I: There are not one.

without the surrounding texts as its proper background. effectively concealing and distorting its message. You therefore may not eat the blood. collecting. and without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins. Leviticus 17:11 begins with the conjunctive Hebrew word ki (pronounced kee)." That is to say..outreachjudaism. slaughtering." Thus. Throughout the Book of Leviticus. Moreover.www. Although the statement "without the shedding of blood there is no forgiveness of sins" is found nowhere in the Jewish scriptures. only distinct species of animals are permitted for use in blood sacrifices. Leviticus 17:11 explicitly declares that blood can only effect atonement if it is placed on the altar.. not the subject of sin and atonement. for it is the blood that makes atonement for the soul. and therefore his death could not provide atonement for anyone. sprinkling. they must use all of the verse. or from the aliens who sojourn among them. if missionaries want to use Leviticus 17:11 to bolster their position that blood sacrifices are indispensable for procuring an atonement. Finally.. The Torah discusses blood atonement in this verse only as a byproduct of its central theme. and will cut him off from among his people. . meaning "This is because. the prophets declared that repentance and charity are more pleasing to God for atonement than a blood sacrifice. In Hebrews 9:22 the author misquotes Leviticus 17:11 when he states "Indeed. carrying. Refutation III: The prophets declared that repentance and charity are more favorable than a blood sacrifice Throughout the Jewish scriptures. There is not one place throughout the entire corpus of the Jewish scriptures where human sacrifices are condoned. "This is because the life of the flesh is in the blood. This verse does not state or imply that one cannot have atonement for sin without a blood sacrifice. Leviticus 17:11 specifically says that the blood of the sacrifice must be placed "upon the altar to make atonement for your souls. however.5 Leviticus 17:10-11 is therefore declaring two principles about blood: 1) you may not eat it 2) amongst all the various rituals associated with the sin sacrifice. The previous verse. This crucial message is lost when missionaries quote Leviticus 17:11 alone. It is a grievous sin to use it for anything else. it is actually a stunning misquote of the original text. "And any man from the house of Israel." Leviticus 17:11 then continues this message and explains. Such a message would contradict all of the Jewish scriptures which clearly outline two other methods of atonement more pleasing to God than a sacrifice .org 3 Missionaries have conveniently severed this verse from its original context. Leviticus 17:10. and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls. I will set My face against that person who eats blood. Jesus' blood. under the law almost everything is purified with blood. the Torah strictly prohibited the Jewish people from offering human sacrifices under any circumstances. it is only the sprinkling the blood on the altar that brings about the atonement. reads." Although this quote in Hebrews 9:22 is always cross referenced in a Christian study Bible to Leviticus 17:11. it does appear in the Christian scriptures." Whenever a verse begins with this word. not just a part of it. such as the laying of the hands on the animal. who eats any blood. If the church is going to take the "blood" part of the verse literally. In the immediate context of Leviticus 17:11 we find that the Torah is speaking of the prohibition of eating blood. it is explaining what has just been related in the previous verse. Jesus' blood was never sprinkled on the altar. was never placed on the altar. Leviticus 17:11 explains Leviticus 17:10 by revealing that consuming blood is forbidden because it may only be used in the act of sprinkling of the animal's blood on the altar for an atonement.heartfelt repentance and charity. placing of the animal on the altar. they must also take the "altar" part literally as well.

org 4 They repeatedly forewarned the Jewish people from becoming obsessed with blood offerings. what are we to use instead? How are the Jewish people to worship without blood sacrifices during their bitter exile? What about all the animal sacrifices prescribed in the Book of Leviticus? Can the Jewish people get along without animal offerings? Missionaries claim they cannot." These words of the Bible hardly agree with the Christian doctrine that sin can only be expiated through the shedding of blood. But a body You have prepared for Me. and instructed us to replace animal offerings with prayer In Hosea 3:4-5. Refutation IV: Hosea foretold that the Jewish people would be without a sacrificial system. the statement in Hosea 14:2-3 is crucial. Hosea 3:4-5 reads. The prophet declares that the Almighty wants us to "render for bulls the offering of our lips. For we will render for bulls the offering of our lips. Rather. In these two verses. Hebrews 10:5-6 altered Psalm 40:7 to read instead "Sacrifice and offering You did not desire. receive us graciously. this period of time would last for many days. "but my ears You have opened" have disappeared entirely in the Hebrews quote. For this reason. Because the Psalmist's words were deeply offensive to the early church. it is the lips of the sinner that is transformed into bulls of the sin offerings. "For the children of Israel shall abide many days without king or prince. Other methods of atonement were more efficacious and would even replace animal sacrifices." Notice how King David's original words.7 Nor does scripture ever tell us that an innocent man can die as an atonement for the sins of the wicked.outreachjudaism. "Take words with you. Yet. In burnt offerings and sacrifices for sin You had no pleasure. "Take away all iniquity." Prayer is to replace the sacrificial system. without sacrifice or sacred pillar. without ephod or teraphim. Hosea was compelled to reveal how the ecclesiastical temple functions were to be replaced. For example. Afterward the children of Israel shall return and seek the LORD their God and David their king. King David declares in Psalm 40:76 that "Sacrifice and meal offering You have not desired. In essence.www." (Hosea 14:2-3) The prophets never instruct the Jews to worship any crucified messiah or demigod. but my ears You have opened. They shall fear the LORD and His goodness in the latter days. despite the repeated proclamations of the church that the crucifixion of Jesus serves as a sin sacrifice today. Instead." In the words of the Bible. this New Testament author replaced this expunged clause with the words "But a body you have prepared for Me. . the prophet foretold with divine exactness that the Nation of Israel would not have a sacrificial system during the last segment of Jewish history until the messianic age. The Bible disagrees.8 Such a message is utterly antithetical to the teachings of the Jewish scriptures. Say to Him. Given the spiritual magnitude of this remarkable prophecy. burnt offering and sin offering You have not required. Hosea reveals to his beloved nation how they are to replace the sacrificial system during their protracted exile." This is a startling alteration of the Jewish scriptures. if the prophet is testifying that the nation of Israel will indeed be without a sacrificial system during their long exile until the messianic age. the words of Hosea were meticulously fulfilled. And return to the LORD.

however. Ezekiel 18:1-4. and safeguard all My decrees. saying: "What do you people mean by quoting this proverb about the land of Israel. For the righteousness which he did. and charity atone for sin -. All his transgressions which he committed will not be remembered against him. repent. nor the father bear for the sin of the son. he shall live. justice and righteousness did he do.12 Our response to Jews for Jesus: Is a blood sacrifice necessary for atonement? The Jewish scriptures tell us that blood sacrifice. God -. if he should turn away from all his sins which he did. and they make the following argument: . The way for the sinful man to come right by God is to turn away from his rebellious ways. Throughout Ezekiel's uplifting sermon on the forgiveness of sin." Refutation VI: If Jesus was the final sacrifice.11 and there would no longer be any future need for the return of the animal sacrificial system. Do I desire at all the death of the wicked man -. Which ever soul sins. all My decrees did he safeguard and perform them.www.9 and indeed the entire purpose of the animal sacrificial system was. and the sons' teeth are set on edge?' As I live. foreshadowing Jesus' death on the cross. Yet you ask: Why did the son not bear the sin of the father? But the son. in the language of the Book of Hebrews.org 5 Refutation V: Ezekiel condemns the doctrine of vicarious atonement The prophet Ezekiel warned against Christendom's central doctrine that an innocent human being can die for the sins of the wicked.is it not rather his return from his ways.10 The New Testament therefore repeatedly declares that Jesus was the final sacrifice for all time.blood sacrifice being the least efficacious of the three. Ezekiel warned his people that this erroneous teaching that a righteous man could die for another man's sins was contrary to the will of God. As for the wicked man. Throughout the 18th chapter. and the wickedness of the wicked person shall be upon him.outreachjudaism. he shall surely live. For every living soul belongs to Me.. that he might live. and do justice and righteousness. why is the sacrificial system returning? Finally. This doctrine. saying: `The fathers eat sour grapes.the words of my Lord. heartfelt repentance. the father as well as the son -. the New Testament is clear that the animal sacrificial system never could atone for sin in any permanent way. you will no longer quote this proverb in Israel. 19-23 reads: "The word of the Lord came to me. blood sacrifices are never mentioned. He shall surely live. The righteousness of the righteous person shall be upon him. it shall die! The son shall not bear for the sin of the father. declares the Sovereign Lord. He will not die.. it shall die.they are Mine. Jews for Jesus disagrees. completely contradicts the words of the prophets who clearly foretold that the animal sacrificial system would return in the messianic age.. The soul that sins. and thereby the penitent is assured complete forgiveness.

these verses do not logically support their conclusion. The Tanach does give a few examples in which atonement was procured apart from blood sacrifice. Moreover. It is worth mentioning that missionaries often argue that in the case of the poor man's flour offering. With regard to the incense brought by Aaron. Jews for Jesus' statement with regard to the case of the golden ornaments is even more puzzling because nowhere does scripture ever state that the golden ornaments were to avert God's wrath. Leviticus 17:11 does not imply that the only method of atonement is the . atonement by the burning of incense (Num.and atonement by blood is the least important of all of them. Jews for Jesus' inference "The general rule remained: atonement came by blood sacrifice" is a non sequitur. these three verses brought up by Jews for Jesus are never mentioned anywhere in the tape series. and take it quickly to the congregation and make atonement for them. The problem with this argument is that it is thoroughly unbiblical. The general rule remained: atonement came by a blood sacrifice. The Torah only declares that the purpose of this donation was to procure an atonement. Numbers 17:1112 describes how Aaron made an atonement for the people with incense. The Bible clearly states otherwise.'" (Numbers 17:11) Here the Torah clearly states that the incense both averted God's wrath and provided an atonement for the people. a partnership was somehow created with another man's blood offering so that the poor man ultimately has provided blood in his offering. 'Take a censer and put fire in it from the altar.outreachjudaism. for wrath has gone out from the LORD. an exception is made for a poor person who cannot bring an animal. In the last two cases.is the exact same word used in all three verses that Jews for Jesus insists did "not secure forgiveness for sin. which is it? Does kapar mean an atonement or not? You can't have it both ways. The plague has begun.www. Our response: Actually. Numbers 17:11. Nowhere does the Torah state that the flour offering was mixed with any other sacrifice. 31:50). The Torah explains in Leviticus 17:11 why it is forbidden to consume blood: it has been set aside for the sole purpose of making atonement on the altar. atonement by gold (Num. the flour was mixed by the priest with the other blood-offerings. the actions are really to avert God's wrath and not to secure forgiveness for sin. 5:11-13). having the flour mixed with the blood of someone else's sacrifice. and in Numbers 31:50 the Torah declares that the golden ornaments donated by high officers of the military who successfully defeated the Midianites were offered as an atonement as well. put incense on it. On the contrary. not only blood but also repentance and charity atone for sin -. 16:46 [Hebrew 17:11]).org 6 Jews for Jesus: Is a blood sacrifice necessary for the forgiveness of sin? Rabbi Tovia Singer tells us that according to the Tanach (the Hebrew Bible).the verse Jews for Jesus uses to prove that only blood can be used as an atonement -. In Leviticus 5:11-13 the poor man may give a flour offering instead of an animal sacrifice for an atonement. There is atonement by a cereal offering designed for poor people (Lev. Jews for Jesus' statement that the incense and the gold ornaments "are really to avert God's wrath and not to secure forgiveness for sin" is incorrect." Well.13and Numbers 31:50 are examples in the Torah where atonement is procured without the shedding of blood. the Torah says: "So Moses said to Aaron. Thus. Let's examine these three verses in greater detail? Leviticus 5:11-13. in the first case. it was equal to any other sacrifice in that it was placed on the altar like any other offering. It is interesting to note that the Hebrew word kapar (atonement) used in Leviticus 17:11 -.

but not that the verse teaches that blood is the main or only way of atonement..outreachjudaism. ----------------------------------------------------------Babylonian Talmud. citing Leviticus 17:11 Does the laying on of the hand make atonement for one? Does not atonement come through the blood. both of these sections of the Talmud deal with the same question: What specific error made while offering a sacrifice invalidates it. etc. The Talmud's quote in Yoma 5a and Zevachim 6a of the Baraisa is speaking within the narrow context . and the leaning would not effect the atonement. Therefore. such as the leaning of the hands. and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls. as it says.. Does the waving make atonement? Is it not the blood which makes atonement. it would be clear that these statements of our sages have nothing at all to do with the point that Jews for Jesus is trying to prove. The other rituals relating to sacrifice. there are many rituals that are performed during a sacrifice such as the leaning of the hands on the animal. "there is no atonement other than the blood" (the text quoted by Jews for Jesus). Rabbi Singer questions the use of Leviticus 17:11 to demonstrate that a blood sacrifice was necessary. Yoma 5a. "For the life of the flesh is in the blood. 17:11 is the prohibition against consuming blood. If these Talmudic texts were quoted in full. The verse reads. Traditional Jewish sources differ with Rabbi Singer: Babylonian Talmud. --------------------------------------------------------- Our response: These traditional sources do not disagree with us at all. Jews for Jesus will argue that Jewish sources differ with Rabbi Singer. Zevahim 6a. for it is the blood that maketh atonement by reason of the life" (Jewish Publication Society translation). For it is the blood that maketh atonement by reason of the life! -. the four actions relating to the blood (slaughtering. the burning of the entrails and fats.Soncino Talmud edition. This is a crucial statement because within any sacrifice brought for sin. Jews for Jesus is taking these Talmudic texts completely out of context. as it is written. Let us examine these Talmudic texts.. as it is said: For it is the blood that maketh atonement by reason of the life!. the essential principle to bear in mind is that the atonement desired by the owner of the animal actually occurs as a result of the sprinkling of the blood on the altar. Both the Talmud in Tractate Yoma 5a and Zevachim 6a are dealing with the same subject of animal sacrifices. are secondary and do not cause the atonement. citing Leviticus 17:11 Surely atonement can be made only with the blood. carrying the blood to the altar. the leaning of the sinner's hands on the animal brings about the atonement. so that the sacrifice would not effect an atonement for its owner? As mentioned above. This Baraisa.14 More specifically. Let us examine Jews for Jesus' argument. questions whether when a sacrifice is offered. The Baraisa insists that this could not be the case when we consider that Leviticus 17:11 explicitly states that it is the blood on the altar that makes the atonement for one's soul. Rabbi Singer argues that the point of the verse is: blood is prohibited because it is used to atone -. 'For it is the blood that maketh atonement by reason of the life'? -. By taking Talmudic texts out of context. collecting the blood in a service vessel. Jews for Jesus: In connection with this. quoted in both Yoma 5a and Zevachim 6a. and the sprinkling of the blood on the altar).Soncino Talmud edition. and are quoting from the identical statement in a Baraisa. Because the context of Lev.www.org 7 shedding of blood.

1989).outreachjudaism. which concludes the Torah's explanation of how the blood is ceremonially sprinkled on the curtain of the Tent of the Meeting by the priest. Which sacrifice is the Torah speaking of that Jews for Jesus is quoting Baruch Levine's comment on? When the Jewish people commit a sin unintentionally! Let's now quote Baruch Levine in context. but rather sacrificial atonement alone. and within that slender context. so we get a sense of his commentary on the overall picture of atonement and blood sacrifice. referring to Yoma 5a cited above. whether they were perpetrated against other individuals or against God Himself. it is only the blood of the animal sprinkled on the altar that brings about the atonement. under the heading. The Traditional Hebrew Text with the New JPS Translation (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society. restitution was always required where loss or injury to another person had occurred. as the workings of the sacrificial system are introduced to the reader.Baruch Levine. In those cases. There was no vicarious." -. The Principal Types of . Does Baruch Levine agree with Jews for Jesus? Hardly. In fact. p.the same tractate that Jews for Jesus uses as support for their claim -.the Talmud says that when a person repents of his transgressions out of love. Baruch Levine. As the rabbis expressed it. Our sages do not contradict the words of the Bible which explicitly state that there are other methods of atonement that are superior to ritual sacrifice. not only are his sins forgiven. This section of the Talmud is not addressing atonement in general. imposing real punishments and acting to prevent recurrences. ritual remedy -. "There is no ritual expiation except by means of blood. The mistaken notion that ritual worship could atone for criminality or intentional religious desecration was persistently attacked by the prophets of Israel. 3. 23. Let us observe: Jews for Jesus: Similarly. 'ein kapparah 'ella' be-dam. later on in Tractate Yoma -. The entire expiatory system ordained in the Torah must be understood in this light. The Traditional Hebrew Text with the New JPS Translation (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society. "It should be emphasized here. modern Jewish commentator Baruch Levine Expiation by means of sacrificial blood-rites is a prerequisite for securing God's forgiveness. p. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus. The above quote of Baruch Levine appears in his commentary on Leviticus 4:20. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus. Ritual expiation was restricted to situations where a reasonable doubt existed as to the willfulness of the offense. trying to substantiate the Christian doctrine that atonement is only achieved through the shedding of blood.Baruch Levine. that the laws of the Torah did not permit Israelites to expiate intentional or premeditated offenses by means of sacrifice.www.substitution of one's property or wealth -. but his premeditated transgressions are accounted as merits!16 (See also Baruch Levine's commentary below on Leviticus 17:11) Jews for Jesus also cites the modern Jewish commentator. 1989). ------------------------------------------------------------ Our response: What Jews for Jesus neglects to mention is the context in which Baruch Levine's statement appears. who considered it a major threat to the entire covenantal relationship between Israel and God. Even then. the law dealt directly with the offender.org 8 of the sacrificial offering.for such violations." -.15 The biblical principle that repentance and charity atone for sin is taught and explained countless places throughout the entire corpus of the Talmud.

these men of God declared that repentance and charity were more pleasing to God than a blood sacrifice. in context. cited above. 1]. Where the offense against God had been intentional. as if with one voice.. therefore. -----------------------------------------------------------------------To summarize. New York: Doubleday." "guilt. Shadal) and even brazen sins.. The Jewish scriptures clearly state that sacrifice was used to atone for man's least grievous transgressions: unintentional sins.www. The Traditional Hebrew Text with the New JPS Translation (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society. the prophets. maintains that Jesus' death was sacrificial in nature. and his death atones for all sins. The intentional murderer must be put to death.. only the manslaughterer who killed someone accidentally can have atonement. did not dignify the blood sacrificial system. p. the Jewish scriptures clearly teach that blood sacrifice is not necessary for the forgiveness of sin. lend no support whatsoever to Jews for Jesus' statements. Comments from traditional Jewish sources and the modern commentator Baruch Levine examined critically. Jews for Jesus: Rabbi Singer maintains that sacrifice was only meant for unintentional sins. cf. "to expiate" (v 4).org 9 Sacrifice (1:1-7:38) -----------------------------------------------------------------------Below is another quote from Baruch Levine on Leviticus 17:11. "Substitution was allowed only in cases of inadvertence. -----------------------------------------------------------------Baruch Levine . on Leviticus 17:11. Some medieval commentators suggest the entire range of unwitting sins (Bekhor Shor. Leviticus 1-16: A New Translation With Introduction and Commentary (Anchor Bible. a fact that accords with the purpose assigned to the burnt offering in this chapter [Lev. 1989). is clearly propitiatory and expiatory (for "wrath. --Jacob Milgrom. They will obscure the clear words of the Jewish scriptures by quoting modern Jewish commentators out of context who are discussing peripheral issues. Though it was specified for inadvertent sins. 1991). Baruch Levine disagrees. p. Let us look at their argument. 175. other sacrifices were not restricted in that way. Jews for Jesus insists that this verse proves that atonement can only be procured through the shedding of blood.. The full evidence includes the following: Exhibit A: Modern Jewish commentators: Jacob Milgrom The function of the burnt offering as exemplified by the Hittite sources. The JPS Torah Commentary: Leviticus. including intentional ones? The sin offering was only one kind of sacrifice.outreachjudaism. For example." "offense. however.2 Jews for Jesus.Baruch Levine. if their punishment is not specified (Ramban)." -. he cites Leviticus 4 which says that the sin offering (the hattat) was for unintentional sins. Rabbi Singer asks. 115. could Jesus be a sacrifice for all sins. How then... On the contrary. Numbers 15 says that the person who sins "with a high hand" will be cut off. ritual expiation did not apply." "sin").

" --Jacob Milgrom.Levine. Leviticus 1-16: A New Translation With Introduction and Commentary (Anchor Bible. let's read Jacob Milgrom's own words on the matter of why in the case of the Asham does the Torah place the repentant transgressor in the class of the inadvertent sinner: "The witness's defiance of the imprecation is indisputably a deliberate. was barred from the sacrificial system. which plays a role in the following cases (vv 2-4). 25-26. an 'asham is offered in expiation of any of a series of deceitful acts involving an oath and the loss of property to others. A deliberate. however. New York: Doubleday. 5:20-26]. God accepts the expiation even of one who swears falsely in His name because the guilty person is willing to make restitution to the victim of his crime. he had also offended God and was obliged to offer an 'asham sacrifice in expiation. Then. if not a brazen. why is his sin expiable by sacrifice? The answer lies in his subsequent remorse. Having lied under oath. pp. p. and see if he agrees with Jews for Jesus. misdemeanor. ------------------------------------------------------------------ .. but its absence here is hardly accidental..." --Jacob Milgrom. expiable by sacrifice. again [In Lev. p. 5a). Let us now listen to the words of Jacob Milgrom as he speaks about sacrifices in general.he was given the opportunity to clear himself by making restitution and by paying a fine of 20 percent to the aggrieved party. Ibn Ezra would add the element of a memory lapse. New York: Doubleday. pp. 5:20-26] were quite definitely intentional! A person misappropriated property or funds entrusted to his safekeeping. It was brought when the individual felt a sense of personal guilt and wished to express his penitence by offering this free-will sacrifice. The above commentary by Jacob Milgrom appears within the context of the Olah offering.. "Inadvertence is a key criterion in all expiatory sacrifice.org10 Our response: Once again. or defrauded another.If. -. Leviticus 1-16: A New Translation With Introduction and Commentary (Anchor Bible. ------------------------------------------------------------------------ Jews for Jesus: The offenses outlined here [in Lev. Jews for Jesus is quoting out of context. a factor that is not stated in the case itself but in the general protasis governing all four cases (vv 4b. brazen sinner is barred from the sanctuary (Numbers 15:30-31). -.outreachjudaism. -----------------------------------------------------------------------Once again. 228. 1991)..www. Note: 'asham means a "guilt offering... it is his subsequent guilt feeling (asem) that is responsible for converting his deliberate sin into an inadvertence.. 32-33. 1991). the accused came forth on his own and admitted to having lied under oath -. JPS Torah Commentary.. 295. This sacrifice which was burnt entirely on the altar had the distinction of being a voluntary offering. or failed to restore lost property he had located. JPS Torah Commentary.Baruch Levine." -----------------------------------------------------------------Baruch Levine.thus assuming liability for the unrecovered property -. subsequently. The unrepentant brazen sinner.

he came forward on his own. This is explained by the original sources and by modern commentators on those sources: Babylonian Talmud.e.org11 Our response: The Asham sacrifice gives us great insight into the biblical principle that in certain cases where a transgression is committed willfully.. This Asham sacrifice offers us a perfect example of how the above principle is demonstrated in the Torah. must pay the victim the principal plus a fifth and in addition must bring an Asham offering. the Torah places him in the unique category of the unintentional sinner.). In this unique case. In the case of the unrepentant sinner who was caught stealing in Exodus 22." -----------------------------------------------------------------Rashi (11th c. as commanded in Leviticus 5:20-26? Is this a contradiction in the Torah? Actually. and he therefore must repay an exorbitant fine for his transgression. 373. the same blasphemeth the LORD. In Leviticus 5. in Leviticus 5:20-26 (in a Christian Bible these verses appear as Leviticus 6:1-7) the Torah declares that a person who acts deceitfully by causing a loss of property to another. The Soncino Talmud edition translates: "Resh Lakish said: Great is repentance. after originally swearing falsely that he was innocent. although his original transgression was deliberate. which is it? Is it two. and in the case of a sheep or an ox. In Exodus 22.As cited by Milgrom. whether he be home-born or a stranger. the talmudic and medieval commentators. explaining the phrase "his iniquity is upon him" Only at the time when (under the circumstances that) his iniquity is upon him shall he be cut off. no blood offering is sufficient to make himself right with God. scripture declares that a thief has to pay the victim double. and hath broken His commandment. he must repay four and five times. or is it one and a fifth plus an Asham sacrifice. the person who confessed his sin is perceived an unwitting sinner in that he may bring a sacrifice to atone. and he is barred from the sacrificial system. admitted his guilt. there is no contradiction here at all. Rather. For the brazen sinner. the thief was not caught. For example. on the other hand.Rosenbaum-Silbermann edition (New York: Hebrew Publishing Company) -----------------------------------------------------------------Jacob Milgrom . which converts intentional sins into unintentional ones. 90b). four or five times the theft as prescribed by Exodus 22. This occurs in circumstances outlined in the fifth chapter of Leviticus where the transgressor has diminished his iniquity by voluntarily confessing his sin. This individual may therefore bring an Asham sacrifice.www." We present Exhibit B.outreachjudaism. Well. According to the sages. in the case that he has not repented (Sanh. the Torah teaches us that in a number of unique cases. In Exodus 22 the thief was caught. repentance could turn an intentional sin into an unintentional sin and so be eligible for sacrifice. on Numbers 15:31. -. and amended his crime. Simeon b. Because he hath despised the word of the LORD. no sacrifice can undo his iniquity. i. respectfully. Yoma 86b R. The question that immediately comes to mind is the Torah has already addressed the issue of someone who takes another's property. Leviticus. Lakish said: Great is repentance. however. his iniquity shall be upon him. and that soul shall be cut off from among his people. for because of it premeditated sins are accounted as errors. Jews for Jesus: What then about the intentional sin in Numbers 15:30-31 (the sin "with a high hand") which is apparently unforgivable? That verse reads "But the soul that doeth aught with a high hand. An animal offering simply was not enough to atone for his deliberate sin. that soul shall utterly be cut off. -. p.

The JPS Commentary: Numbers. . -.and confession. Job. It was brought frequently by the pious. p...Milgrom... "The Priestly Doctrine of Repentance. into an act of inadvertence.. punishable by death.strikingly.org12 This literary image [of the "high hand"] is most apposite for the brazen sinner who commits his acts in open defiance of the Lord (cf. ...outreachjudaism. real sins would be atoned for in other ways. 373. even deliberately.. -.. through his remorse.. Ahare par. The Traditional Hebrew Text with the New JPS Translation (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society. simply because one could never know if one had transgressed in such a case. who were certain that they could deter conscious sins but were in dread over the possibility of committing sins unconsciously. implying that the sacrifices offered in the Tenach were for insignificant transgressions. 373. Milgrom.The early rabbis..the power to transform a presumptuous sin against God. and they reply. The essence of this sin is that it is committed flauntingly.Milgrom. We summon to the stand: Jacob Milgrom Unwitting sin as the cause of disaster is widely attested in the ancient world. 38:15).Milgrom... pp. p. Yoma 2:1).6. t..raise the question of how the high priest's bull is capable of atoning for his deliberate sins.. -.. Leviticus.Jacob Milgrom. See also J.I submit that the repentance of the sinner.." Revue Biblique 82 (1975): 186-205. Leviticus. THIS COURT IS IN RECESS. cf.. 1990).. the "suspended 'asham" (5:17-19) played a more central role. The sin of unwitting sacrilege against the deity is especially feared. the very opposite was true in biblical times: unintentional sin was if anything considered more grave than intentional sin. sins performed in secret. "Because he has confessed his brazen and rebellious deeds it is as if they become as unintentional ones before him" (Sipra... 361-362. reduces his intentional sin to an inadvertence. -.TO BE CONTINUED . in a sacrificial ritual -.. Thus it is clear that the Tannaites attribute to repentance -. p. In fact. 2:4. However. -----------------------------------------------------------------Is unintentional sin the least significant kind of sin? Rabbi Singer maintains that unintentional sin is the least significant kind.www. can be commuted to the status of inadvertencies by means of repentance. thereby rendering it eligible for sacrificial expiation. 125. expiable by sacrifice. Leviticus.In the early rabbinic period.

20 Finally. Psalm 40:7-9 (6-8). Ezekiel never mentions the sacrificial system. "Only you shall not eat the blood. Daniel 4:24. CASE IS REALLY CLOSED Footnotes: 1 Leviticus 4:1-35 2 Deuteronomy 4:26-31. Jeremiah 7:3-23."18 Furthermore. we have shown that Ezekiel. Isaiah 55:6-9. Throughout his entire moving sermon on atonement. the prophet Hosea predicted that the children of Israel would spend their bitter exile without the sacrificial system. 3 Proverbs 10:2. I could have quoted any one of them for further support in my lectures. charity as well as blood sacrifice atone for sin. He therefore encourages his nation to turn to God through repentance alone for a complete atonement. speaking in the name of God.that when slaughtering an animal.traditional and modern -. 14:2-3.outreachjudaism. Ezekiel 18:1-23. Let's examine this profound statement of this great Amorah17 Resh Lakish. there is a unique case when the Torah tells us that. despite the clear provisions of the Jewish scriptures that heartfelt repentance.www. 11:4. an individual who sinned intentionally is accorded the benefit of the unintentional sinner's ritual blood expiation with an Asham (guilt) offering. As will be discussed below. 5 The Torah therefore commands us in Leviticus 17:13 . 51:16-19. Does this mean that intentional sins are greater or weaker than unintentional sins? Obviously.19 and encourages his beloved nation to use their lips filled with words of penitence for their atonement so that the lips of the sinner would become as bulls of the sin offerings. Clearly." 6 In a Christian Bible this verse appears as Psalm 40:6 7 Exodus 20:2-3. so they might live. Hosea 6:6. Jews for Jesus continues to insist that sin can only be forgiven through the sacrificial shedding of blood. which converts intentional sins into unintentional ones. under certain circumstances. Hosea 13:4 .cited by Jews for Jesus is taken completely out of context and does nothing to support the Christian doctrines they are trying to defend. in our responses we have shown that each and every reference -. The prophet only assures the Jewish people that the Almighty does not wish to punish the wicked. 6:14. all sin would be forgotten. "Great is repentance.only three verses later -. he promises. you shall pour it on the earth like water. condemns the notion of human vicarious atonement. I Kings 8:46-50. 16:6. rendering it useless. Through this bloodless atonement. the blood must be poured on to the floor and covered with earth. 32:39. Micah 6:6. this statement by Resh Lakish is telling us that a sin committed intentionally is far more grave than a transgression committed unwittingly. In conclusion. if unintentional sins were more grievous this statement would make no sense. but rather "that they turn from their ways. It is therefore no surprise that not one of the individuals quoted by Jews for Jesus has ever spent a moment of their Jewish lives believing in Jesus."16 What does this mean? Why is repentance great? Because it transforms an intentional sin into an unintentional sin. Indeed.org13 Our response: It is difficult to know how to begin our response here because the above statements quoted by Jews for Jesus so perfectly support our point. See also Deuteronomy 12:16. Moreover. II Chronicles 6:36-39 4 This biblical principle is laid out in Leviticus 4:1-35 and Numbers 15:27-31. Deuteronomy 4:35. if I had not restricted myself to using only the Bible in the tape series.

10 Hebrews 10:1 11 Romans 6:10." This was a necessary assertion for the author of Hebrews because if the animal sacrifices really worked. Micah 6:6. 15 Deuteronomy 4:26-31. lived in Israel during the third century C. Ezekiel 18:1-23. Isaiah 55:6-9. Psalm 40:7-9 (6-8). Jeremiah 7:3-23. Missionaries often try to explain this problem away by claiming that the reason animal sacrifices will return is to point back to Jesus. which converts intentional sins into unintentional ones. Proverbs 10:2. Ezekiel 18:1-23 9 Hebrews 10:4 insists that the animal sacrificial system had no lasting value. Zachariah 14:21. however. is a rationalization that is not even used in the New Testament. 16:6 16 Yoma 86b discusses the greatness and efficacy of repentance.) in the Mishnah. this response makes little sense.www. Ezekiel 43-44. 51:16-19.outreachjudaism.org14 8 Exodus 32:33. Rabbi Shimon Ben Lakish.outreachjudaism.E. 18 Ezekiel 18:1-23 19 Hosea 3:4-5 20 Hosea 14:2-3 Response to Jew for Jesus Source: http://www. Hebrews 9:12.org/response. I Samuel 15:22." For those who repent out of love.html Download the "Let's Get Biblical" Tape Series on emule just cut and paste the e-link E-LINK: ed2k://|file|LET'S%20GET%20BIBLICAL-Response%20To%20Christian%20Missionaries%20%20Rabbi%20Tovia%20Singer. 11:4. 10:10. This response. Hosea 6:6. 10:18 12 Jeremiah 33:17-18. 14:2-3. "For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sins. or Resh Lakish as he was better known. Resh Lakish states that for those who repent out of fear. why was Jesus' death necessary? It should have been sufficient to keep bringing animal offerings. and thoroughly contradicts the statements in Romans and Hebrews. "Great is repentance which converts intentional sins into merits. Moreover. Why would there be any need to point back to anything? 13 In a Christian Bible this verse appears as 16:46 14 A Baraisa is a statement made by a Tanna which was not included by Rabbi Yehudah Ha'nasi (Approximately 200 C.E. I Kings 8:46-50.rar|102101725|AE7FD9DDC6731BD3535F08C70F512B60|h=3BY3RZCYBZKR 7SR2OPOCLBV3F3PMGORK|/ ." 17 The term Amora refers to those sages that were contributors to the Talmud. "Great is repentance.

html Messianic Verses in the TaNaCh http://www.outreachjudaism.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. .htm Archive of Articles.org/cr/index. SIMPLY JEWISH! IS FOR YOU http://www.com/toshuv/ The Anti-Missionary Gateway of the Being Jewish Web Site http://www. Jesus & Christianity http://www.org If you want to understand the differences recognized by Jews and Christians alike.org/phpBB2/index.org Response to Missionaries www.kosherjudaism.html Reveals the error.jewsforjudaism.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.com/counter.angelfire.htm “Jewish Response To Christian Missionaries" MP3s tapes & in-depth guide.php Jews for Judaism .beingjewish.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults.outreachjudaism.www.com/ e-book Their Hollow Inheritance – A Comprehensive Refutation of Christian Missionaries by Michoel Drazin http://www. trinity. messiah. http://jdstone.TorahAtlanta. www.org15 PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.MessiahTruth.att.com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.Keeping Jews Jewish http://home.simplyjewish.drazin.net/%7Efiddlerzvi/j4j_no.simpletoremember.jewsforjudaism.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah. distortions and falsehood of xianity http://www.

and Warrior. Even so. Rabbi Akiva. In both of these cases. we find the words of the Hebrew prophets that describe the Moshiach and the Messianic era. Bar Kochba died shortly thereafter and consequently everyone realized that he was not the Messiah. [1] · The Messiah will be a Prophet. we have been given the tools to determine whether an individual who purports to be the Messiah fulfills the prophetic requirements. First. and therefore could not fulfill the role of Messiah. pronounced that a man called Bar Kochba was indeed the awaited Messiah. Later in history (late 1600’s) a man named Shabbatai Tzvi generated an enormous following of Jews believing him to be the long-awaited redeemer.www. [4] Job Description · The Messiah will bring the Jewish people back to their land. However. Anyone whose lineage does not trace back to King David cannot serve as Messiah.torahatlanta. In other words.torahatlanta. Throughout history. What kind of person will the Moshiach be? Second. the great Talmudic sage and arguably the most respected leader of his day. what will his job be? To answer these questions.com . we do as we always do.com 1 The Real Messiah: Personal References and Job Description Regarding who the Messiah will be there are two main questions. [5] · He will rebuild Jerusalem and the Temple will be restored. [3] · The Messiah will be an honest and kind judge. [6] www. Personal status · The Messiah will be a direct descendant of King David. some of our greatest sages have been mistaken about the validity of a Messianic claim. The scriptures make very clear what is minimally necessary for someone to be considered the Messiah. The best that we can do is to look at the sources provided and try to draw a conclusion. Again. that is. it is no easy task. died. too. What the words of the prophets reveal is a checklist of “personal and professional qualifications” for the job. [2] · The Messiah will be observant of Jewish law. some great sages mistakenly thought that these men fulfilled the biblical prophecies regarding the Messiah. This shows both the willingness to accept and embrace the Messiah as well as the difficulty of the task of determining the voracity of a messianic claim. Israel. Ultimately he. some of the generation’s most prominent leaders proclaimed him Moshiach. Sage.

Jesus had no paternal lineage at all! Christians confronted with this fact attempt to resolve it in one of three ways. Furthermore. Again. when there is one).com . Was Jesus from King David. however. He failed to meet the first requirement. [8] · There will be complete harmony in nature. when confronted with a difficulty in the text of the New Testament or in the rationale of a particular line of thought. the fact that Jesus was not from King David alone is enough to disqualify him from being the Moshiach. Let’s look carefully at the life and times of Jesus and see if he fulfilled all of the above prophecies. [9] 2 Do they Match? Many Jews find it hard to give a solid answer when they’re asked why Jews believe that Jesus was not the Messiah. www. brother. so to speak. of the tribe of Judah? Christians agree with us that tribal lineage is traced through the father. you just have to have faith”. there is never a case in the Hebrew bible or in Jewish law where tribal identification goes through the mother. and there will be no aggression from animals towards humans. they suggest that the lineage can be traced through Joseph even though he was only Jesus adoptive father. one that most Jews find unsatisfying.torahatlanta. He might have met other criteria for the job.com · He will teach the Jews to observe the Torah and inspire the Jewish people with faith in G-d. but since he was born overseas. and therefore the child is Jewish.www.torahatlanta. That is. Second. This has no basis in the Hebrew Bible or Jewish law. if the mother is Jewish. (Whether a person is born Jewish or gentile is determined by the status of the mother only. he did not do what the prophets tell us the Messiah must do. [7] · The Messiah will usher in an era of world peace. and no more discussion is necessary. but rather a way of avoiding a difficult truth. It’s similar to asking if Henry Kissinger could have run for President. then all his other qualifications are meaningless. Tribal lineage is never changed through adoption. it should be clear that Jesus simply did not fit the personal profile of the Moshiach. [7] · He will likewise teach the gentiles about G-d. However. Jews often feel that this isn’t an answer to their question. and the Constitution requires that the President must be born in the United States. Having been fathered by G-d and not by a human father. The third explanation is really a universal fallback position. then the tribal designation is only determined by the Jewish biological father. thereby bringing to mankind a universal knowledge of G-d. the missionaries will sometimes claim that the lineage can be traced through Mary. oftentimes Christians will answer. Jesus was not from David. “it’s a mystery. In any case. According to universal Christian teachings. When we look at the above sources. It will be the end of the predator-prey relationship in the animal kingdom. First.

we’ll go over the criteria for Moshiach and see if indeed any of them were accomplished by Jesus. the prophets did not teach that the Messiah would appear.www. gentiles will be knowledgeable about G-d and will be loyal to Him and to the Jewish nation.com 3 So. the one who was to have brought peace and harmony). as the son of G-d. Jesus lived and died while the Temple was still standing. Inspire Jews Towards Observance. item by item. Job Description Ingathering of the Exile Jesus did not bring the Jews back to Israel from exile. and reappear thousands of years later to do the job. where the prophets predicted that we would be scattered to the four corners of the earth. Gentiles Towards Spirituality We saw that the prophets taught that the Messiah will inspire Jews to be observant of Jewish law and enthusiastic about their awareness of G-d. not do anything that he was supposed to do.torahatlanta. with any “candidate” for Messiah. Also. really came to forgive humanity for their sins and to do away with observance of the commandments. He simply wasn’t able to because during his lifetime. He was not the Messiah. Jesus did not do what the Messiah will have to do. Secondly. Love and Understanding Likewise with the prophesies regarding world peace and harmony in nature. There will be a universal acknowledgment of and loyalty to G-d. Firstly. (It is painfully ironic that we have seen some of the world’s most heinous acts of murder and persecution done in the name of Jesus. Rebuilding the Temple Likewise rebuilding Jerusalem and the Temple. but he’ll accomplish those things with the Second Coming and b) that Jesus.torahatlanta. Since Jesus wasn’t from King David. He had no opportunity to fulfill that prophecy. would only take place a century after Jesus’ death. How do the Christians answer this? There is a two-part answer. for the sake of gaining a more complete understanding of the issue. That is between every individual and G-d (see related article Necessary and Sufficient).com . Nevertheless. Their argument is: a) that indeed he did not do what the Messiah will do. www. Not only have nations not disarmed. there is no indication in any Jewish source that it is the job of the Messiah to forgive us for our sins. the Jews were still living in their land! The exile. Obviously this is yet to occur. humanity is as warlike and violent as ever. as the Prophet states that Moshiach must be. It is clear that. The doctrine of the Second Coming was invented in order to answer the obvious question of why Jesus didn’t do the Messiah’s job. too. then there really isn’t anything more to talk about. Peace. including Jesus. die. It simply has no source in the Hebrew Bible.

torahatlanta. and let us go up to the mountain of the L-rd. and we will walk in his paths. The state of world peace and harmony in nature will make it more than obvious that the time – and the person . and his throne endure before me like the sun. the L-rd. for out of Zion will go forth Torah. once he is established as such there will be no doubt in anyone’s mind as to his legitimacy.” (Ezekiel 34:23-24) “Once and for all I have sworn by my holiness. Come. the spirit of counsel and might. Know the L-rd. that the mountain of the L-rd’s house shall be established on the top of the mountains.” (Ezekiel 37:24-25) [4] “…and he shall not judge after the sight of his eyes. I. the spirit of wisdom and understanding. saying.has arrived.” (Isaiah 2:2-3). to the house of the G-d of Jacob.torahatlanta. and my servant David shall be prince among them." Isaiah 11:3) [5] “And it shall come to pass in that day.” (Jeremiah 31:32-33) www. perhaps a year or two – to confirm that he is. have spoken.” (Isaiah 11:1-3) “My servant David shall be king over them. and they shall teach no more every man his neighbor. in fact. that shall be left…” (Isaiah 11:11-14) [6] “And it shall come to pass in the last days. His line shall continue forever. 4 [1] “I will set up over them one shepherd. and he will teach us of his ways. While it may take a little time – months. the Messiah. that the L-rd shall set his hand again the second time to recover the remnant of his people. and every man his brother. He will be internationally recognized as the world’s leader. from the least of them to the greatest of them. and I will remember their sin no more. for I will forgive their iniquity. the spirit of knowledge and the fear of the L-rd. the L-rd.com . and they shall all have one shepherd. I will not lie to David. And many people will go and say. say the L-rd. and a branch shall grow out of his roots. and he shall feed them. there will be no need for an article like this one.” (Psalm 89:35-36) “And there shall come forth a rod out of the stem of (David’s father) Yishay. but with righteousness shall he judge the poor. [7] “This will be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel after those days. will be their G-d. my servant David. and a branch will grow out of his roots…” (Isaiah 11:1) [2] “And the spirit of the L-rd will rest upon him.com In Conclusion When the Messiah indeed appears. for they shall all know Me. neither decide after the hearing of his ears. and all the nations will flow unto it. says the Lrd. and they shall be my people. His delight shall be in the fear of the L-rd.www. and the word of the L-rd from Jerusalem. The spirit of the L-rd shall rest on him. and will be exalted above the hills. I will put my Torah in their inward parts. and write it in their hearts. They will follow my ordinances and be careful to observe my statutes…and my servant David shall be their prince forever. the spirit of wisdom and understanding. And I. he shall feed them and be their shepherd. the spirit of counsel and might…” (Isaiah 11:2) [3] “A shoot shall come out of the stump of Jesse. and will be their G-d.

.” (Isaiah 2:4) 5 [9] “The wolf shall live with the lamb.com [8] “…and they shall beat their swords into plowshares. http://jdstone. and the leopard will lie down with the kid.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www.www.torahatlanta.com/ PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www.angelfire. http://www. nation shall not lift up sword against nation. Christianity . They will not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain.kosherjudaism. neither shall they learn war any more.. messiah. And the nursing child will play on the hole of the cobra. distortions and falsehood of .jewsforjudaism. (Isaiah 11:6-9) Source: http://www.outreachjudaism. trinity.torahatlanta.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet.torahatlanta..org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults. http://www.htm Archive of Articles.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www.com/counter. and the weaned child will put his hand on the viper’s nest..MessiahTruth.com Response to Missionaries www. and the calf and the young lion and the fatling together.html Reveals the error. and a little child will lead them…and the lion will eat straw like the ox. Jesus. for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the L-rd. and their spears into pruning hooks.com . as the waters cover the sea.org/cr/index.

And God said. as I was raised in a non-religious home. unique Creator God Who alone is worthy of worship. to whom these sublime declarations about the nature of the Almighty were given. missionaries undertake a formidable task when they seek to “prove” the doctrine of the Trinity from the Jewish scriptures. This verse appears in missionary literature quite often in spite of the fact that this argument has been answered countless times throughout the centuries.” stating that JC was part of creation with G-d. She recently showed me Genesis 1:26. and over the cattle. The Jewish people.” . and they shall rule over the fish of the sea. The only Bible I own is the one she gave me and it is a King James. therefore. and over the fowl of the sky.Did Somebody Find the Trinity in the First Chapter of the Bible? To Whom Was God Speaking to When He Said. A Messianic Jew is working overtime to try to convince me that I need JC. Let’s examine Genesis 1:26. Because the prophets relayed their divine message on the nature of God with such timeless clarity. few texts in Tanach could hold any promise for the church to raise up as a support for their teachings on the Trinity. One of the most popular verses used by missionaries as a proof text for the Trinity is Genesis 1:26. plural Us and Our being the proof. Can you explain the plural in this verse to me? I want to have an intelligent answer. “Let US make man in OUR image. It is on the strength of these sacred texts that the Jew has preserved the concept of one. after our likeness. Answer: No area of Jewish literature could be more inhospitable to the Christian doctrine of the triune godhead than the Torah and the writings of its prophetic messengers. Understandably. single. and over all the earth. knew nothing about a trinity of persons in the godhead. I am trying very hard to learn more of my Jewish religion. No prophet went silent on the uncompromising radical monotheism demanded by the God of Israel. the defenders of Christendom flaunted the very few verses that they managed to somehow skew into a supposed support for this alien doctrine. “Let Us Make Man in Our Image”? Question: Dear Rabbi Singer. Understandably. and over every creeping thing that creeps upon the earth. though. “Let us make man in our image.

Our . Christians have traditionally seen [Genesis 1:26] as adumbrating [foreshadowing] the Trinity. Us . writes on this verse. . we find. the evangelical Christian author Gordon J.3 The Liberty Annotated Study Bible. 11:7. . missionaries advance the above verse in as evidence that there was a plurality in the godhead which was responsible for creation. In fact. announcing His crowning work to the members of His heavenly court. a Bible commentary published by the Reverend Jerry Falwell’s Liberty University. . For example. similarly remarks on this verse. The plural pronoun “Us” is most likely a majestic plural from the standpoint of Hebrew grammar and syntax. God speaks as the Creator-king. . a highly regarded dispensationalist professor of Biblical Studies at the Philadelphia College of Bible and author of the widely read Bible commentary. What other explanation could adequately account for the Bible’s use of the plural pronouns such as “us” and “our” in this verse? This argument. Plurals of majesty. Job 15:8. The Ryrie Study Bible. Wenham. . Rather. and the Almighty spoke majestically in the plural. writes in his short and to-the-point annotation on Genesis 1:26. consulting His heavenly court. Yet in its commentary on Genesis 1:26. Yet. . Us .With limited knowledge of the Jewish scriptures. Jeremiah 23:18)2 Charles Caldwell Ryrie. (see 3:22. is grievously flawed. a great number of Trinitarian Christian scholars have long abandoned the notion that Genesis 1:26 implies a plurality of persons in the godhead. I Kings 22:19-23. Christian scholars overwhelmingly agree that the plural pronoun in this verse is a reference to God’s ministering angels who were created previously. who is no foe of the Trinity and authored a widely respected two-volume commentary on the Book of Genesis. It is now universally admitted that this was not what the plural meant to the original author. . however.1 If you had attended any one of my lectures you would know that the New International Version is hardly a Bible that can be construed as being friendly to Judaism. Our. Our. the NIV Study Bible also writes in its commentary on Genesis 1:26. Isaiah 6:8.4 The 10-volume commentary by Keil and Delitzsch is considered by many to be the most influential exposition on the “Old Testament” in evangelical circles. Let’s read the comments of a number of preeminent Trinitarian Bible scholars on this subject.

modern commentators. In fact. and live forever” -. This is not so odd a question when we consider the inner conflict that has followed our people throughout our extraordinary history. At the end of its comment on this verse.5 The question that immediately comes to mind is: What would compel these evangelical scholars -. If you search the Bible you will find that when the Almighty speaks of “us” or “our. I Kings 22:19-23. “Behold. Job 15:8. . Let’s examine Genesis 3:22-24. This use of the majestic plural in Genesis 3:22-24 is what is intended by the NIV Study Bible’s annotation on Genesis 1:26 (above). No other explanation is left. Outsiders often wonder what binding force keeps the Jewish people united in faith. the NIV Study Bible provides a number of Bible sources from the Jewish scriptures to support its position that “God speaks as the Creator-king. . and eat. . regard it either as pluralis majestatis . Then the Lord God said. .all of whom are Trinitarian -. 11:7. announcing His crowning work to the members of His heavenly court. and He placed cherubim at the east of the Garden of Eden. to know good and evil. Bear in mind that regardless of the turbulent quarrels that fester among us.to determinedly conclude that Genesis 1:26 does not suggest the Trinity. therefore. At the end of the third chapter of Genesis the Almighty relates to His angels that Adam and his wife have eaten from the Tree of Knowledge and must therefore be prevented from eating from the Tree of Life as well. The teachings of the Torah were designed to set forever in the national conscience of the . to guard the way to the tree of life. God continues to use the pronoun “us” as He speaks with His angels. but rather a majestic address to the angelic hosts of heaven? Why would the comments of the above conservative Christian writers so perfectly harmonize with the Jewish teaching on this verse? The answer to this question is simple. the oneness of God remains the binding thread which unites the Jewish people in history and witness. These verses convey to the attentive Bible reader that the heavenly abode of the Creator is filled with the ministering angels who attend the Almighty and to whom He repeatedly refers when using the plural pronoun “Us. lest he put out his hand and take also of the tree of life. Isaiah 6:8.” He is addressing His ministering angels. And now. the man has become like one of Us. for if man would gain access to the Tree of Life he will “become like one of us. So He drove out the man. than to regard it as pluralis majestatis . only two chapters later. and Jeremiah 23:18.The plural “We” was regarded by the fathers and earlier theologians almost unanimously as indicative of the Trinity.”6 I will close this letter with one final note. . and a flaming sword which turned every way. on the contrary.therefore the Lord God sent him out of the Garden of Eden to till the ground from which he was taken.” The Creator then instructs his angels known as Cherubim to stand at the gate of the Garden of Eden waving a flaming sword so that mankind is prevented from entering the Garden and eating from the Tree of Life.” The verses cited are: Genesis 3:22.

1987. Commentary on the Old Testament.Jewsforjudaism. Sincerely yours.Jewish people the idea that God is one alone and therefore the only object of our devotion and worship. Jerry Falwell (Executive Editor). “Whom shall I send. Also. Wenham. saying. Word Biblical Commentary on Genesis. p. Peabody: Hendric. Word Books. 2 3 Charles Caldwell Ryrie. The Ryrie Study Bible (Dallas Theological Seminary). 8) ______ Source: www. “Here am I! Send me. Rabbi Tovia Singer Footnotes: 1 Gordon J. p. 8. and who will go for Us?” Then I said. I saw the Lord sitting on a throne. 27. Vol.org . Liberty Annotated Study Bible.. Lynchburg: Liberty University. In the year that King Uzziah died. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. Above it stood seraphim. 1988. 62.outreachjudaism. p. Keil & Delitzsch. Chicago: Moody Press. p. with two he covered his feet. and the train of His robe filled the Temple. high and lifted up. . p. 6 5 4 A similar verse describing God as He converses with His ministering angels is found in the beginning of the sixth chapter of Isaiah.” (Isaiah 6:1. 1985. I heard the voice of the Lord. I. which reads. and with two he flew . NIV Study Bible.org & www. 7. 9. 1978. . each one had six wings: with two he covered his face. 1989.

nor is there any secret as to whose loins gave birth to this aberrant creed. That.one that has needed correction for almost 2000 years! Thank you. You are setting the record straight -. and both of her contentions are erroneous. even in Christian terms. First. In essence.Did Somebody Find the Trinity in the Name of God? Question: Dear Rabbi Singer. missionaries point to the plural form of the Hebrew word Elohim.) received formal approval in the Christian community.” I could sense from where this irresponsible contrivance is coming. If you examine the few verses evangelicals use from the Jewish scriptures as they seek to buttress the doctrine of the Trinity. with limited knowledge of the Jewish Bible and the language in which it was written. and underscores how frustrated Trinitarians can become in their rash effort to somehow shore up this alien church doctrine. These well-documented events occurred under circumstances confused with political agitation and .) and Trinity (381 C. you will notice that none of them. is proof of the Trinity! Why is Gd’s name plural in this verse? Answer: The question with which you were confronted by your business associate is one of the more well-known arguments used by missionaries to defend their most untenable creed. Yesterday. a Christian business associate made a point that in the very first verse of Genesis Gd is referred to as “Elohim” which is plural. While I too have never heard any missionary make the astounding claim that plurals somehow mean “a plural form of three. Her latter comment that the plural suffix in Elohim is indicative of “a plural form of three” is particularly preposterous. therefore. no wonder that this pagan doctrine was unknown to authors of the New Testament. speaks of three persons. Yet. the doctrine of the Trinity. While her first assertion can be easily explained away by her lack of familiarity with the biblical language.E.” I will begin by saying that you can rest assured that the Hebrew tongue is a foreign language to your business associate. many Trinitarians brazenly refer to the name of God as it appears in the first verse in the Bible to advance their contention that there are three persons sharing in the godhead. let me say that what you are doing is a great service to Jews and the religious community at large. there is no mystery as to the origins of the Trinity. at the end of the word Elohim as a plural suffix. Bear in mind. Your business associate went out on an even more fragile limb when she proclaimed that this plural syntax is somehow indicative of the “plural form of three. They insist that in scripture the use of the Hebrew letters yod and mem (pronounced “im”). She also said that it is a plural form of three (something I have never heard before).E.1 which is one of the names of God frequently used in the Torah. she concludes. It is difficult to imagine a notion more hostile to the pure monotheism preached in the Jewish scriptures than the Christian teaching that there is a plurality within the divine nature of God. It is. More specifically. This is an impossible task. Church history reveals that it was not until three hundred years after the birth of Christianity that the doctrine of the Bianity (325 C. The doctrine of the Trinity emerged out of the crucible of the Catholic Church long after the Christian century. provides ample evidence from Tanach that there is a plurality within the nature of God. her second point cannot. her flawed declaration was born out of a desperate desire to weave the Trinity out of whole Jewish cloth.

Examples are: And Rebekah said to Isaac. yet it repeatedly means “life”. Elohim. p. if Jacob takes a wife of the daughters of Heth. The word Elohim possesses a plural intensive syntax and is singular in meaning. meaning “life.” (KJV) Are missionaries going to claim that there was a plurality of persons in Moses? Is your associate going to insist that Moses was part of a Trinity? The notion that Moses. and the church adopted it under enormous political pressure from the most pagan segments of the Catholic Church. and Your care has preserved my spirit. also written in the plural? Clearly. and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet. if the name of God is to signify a plurality in the godhead. I am certain that many of our website readers are familiar with the Hebrew word chayim. a normal usage in the OT when reference is to the one true God. The Hebrew noun Elohim is plural but the verb is singular. what good will my life (chayim) be to me?” (Genesis 27:46) You have granted me life (chayim) and favor. this sort of Trinitarian argument is baseless. the Christian author writes in his commentary on Genesis 1:1. two questions must be answered. To clarify. it is important that you understand the crucial message the name Elohim conveys to the Children of Israel. And the LORD said unto Moses. God created. “I am weary of my life because of the daughters of Heth. There is an enormous difficulty with the interpretation that the name Elohim signifies a sort of plurality in the godhead. Let’s examine your business associate’s claim. possessed more than one person is preposterous.” as in Elohim. “See. (New International Version Study Bible. like these who are the daughters of the land. This linguistic pattern is well known and widely used throughout the Jewish scriptures. 1985. throughout the Bible. which is hardly a translation or annotation which could be construed as friendly to the Jewish faith. which is by far the most frequently used name for God in the Jewish scriptures. who is called Elohim in the Torah.) Finally. the Torah says. the Jewish people never believed in a Trinity. In essence.radical dissention. how can missionaries explain that the identical word Elohim in Tanach refers to Moses as well? Regarding Moses. or of potentiality. This use of the plural expresses intensification rather than number and has been called the plural of majesty. 6. why wasn’t the name Je-hova. For example. in the singular. does not in any way imply a plurality in the godhead is well known and widely recognized even among Trinitarian Christians. (Job 10:12) The fact that the name of God. in Exodus 7:1. I have made thee a god (Elohim) to Pharaoh.” Notice that this word contains the identical plural suffix “im. Moreover. This is selfevident from the fact that the verb “created” (bara) in Genesis 1:1 is in the singular. in the New International Version Study Bible (NIV). 1) Why does the Torah employ this intensive plural name for the Almighty throughout the Torah? 2) Why is this name predominant throughout the creation narrative in the beginning of Genesis? . Understandably. Grand Rapids: Zondervan. For example. for if Elohim implies a plurality of persons. missionaries undertake a formidable task when they seek to prove this fourth century doctrine from a radically monotheistic Torah which is timeless.

For example.org . What do these noble words mean? “Ascribe to the LORD. All the forces of the world emerged from the God of Abraham. emanated from the One Creator of the universe. the God Who created the sun on the fourth day created fish on the fifth. is alone worthy of worship. O sons of the mighty. and they worshiped the sun god. You can now begin to understand why the nation of Israel. There is no sun god to be venerated.” (New American Standard Bible) We can now have deeper understanding of the message behind the sacred name Elohim. It is for this reason that the name of God. The Torah of Israel had a very different and uplifting message for mankind. Rabbi Tovia Singer Footnote: 1 Due to the sanctity of the name of God which appears on this page.they are exalted descriptions of the God of Israel. This chapter is well known to the Jewish people because the congregation joyously sings this Psalm in the synagogue every Sabbath morning as the Torah is being placed back into the ark. In these two chapters the Almighty is creating all the powers and forces which fill the universe. please do not print out this article and discard it. appears more frequently than any other name of God throughout the first two chapters of Genesis. No fact could be more firmly established once all of our literature -. Elohim. The pagan world ascribed a god for each of the powers in the world which they observed and on whom they depended. and venerated each of them with mysterious and sometimes gruesome rites. This God. and Jacob.outreachjudaism. Sincerely yours. all the might and power that man could behold. Creator of all matter. to whom God revealed Himself at the foot of Mount Sinai. which is no exception to this rule. which means “might” or “power. and they appointed gods for them as well. They craved an abundant harvest and boundless fertility.There is a fundamental principal regarding the many names of the Almighty as they appear in the Torah -.” This common root appears in a variety of words throughout the Jewish scriptures.both canonical and rabbinical -. The ancients were awestruck by the forces which sustained them.is taken as a guide. Isaac. This matter is indisputable. All the forces and energies in the universe. we find this word used in the famous opening words to Psalm 29. comes from the Hebrew root el. In fact. ______ Source: www.org & www. havu la’donai b’nai eylim.Jewsforjudaism. Best wishes for a happy and healthy New Year. Elohim. This grand message was contained in the name of God. They saw a powerful and perplexing energy emanating from the sun. The name Elohim. knew nothing about a plurality of persons in the godhead.

Jesus was telling his disciples.. and so the deceitful priestly fathers fraudulently appended the following verses to the end of Saint Matthew's gospel: "Go ye therefore."(Matthew 28:19-20).. and of the Holy Ghost.Did Jesus Exclude Gentiles? When Jesus appeared and was aggressively promoted as the true messiah. and teach all nations." (Matthew 10:7. Fearing loss of priestly power. the church fathers took matters into their own hands.. they had no critical sense in religion.. Go ye into all the world.depending on their faith.. The last twelve verses of Mark are late additions: ". many Jews stopped listening to the apostles. Thus. till the son of Man be come.. the end of the world would come so soon that Jesus' disciples would not even have time to spread the word to all of the Jews in the cities of Israel.. 1 .. preach... Forging New Rules for the Gentiles The church fathers decided to expand their influence by extending Jesus' promise of salvation to the ones ignored by Jesus--the pagan Gentiles—the uncircumcised. According to Saint Matthew. the Gentiles were ripe for harvesting. but. "Go not into the way of the Gentiles. the Jews initially were attracted by his charisma and message of salvation and promise to escort them to the kingdom of heaven on doomsday. Amen. and parts thereabouts.And they went forth. for there would be no hope or preached promises to anyone other than God's chosen people--the Jews.. and preached every where. and of the Son. He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved." Thus. Matthew 15:24) Jesus emphasized the imminence of the end of the world and the arrival of the kingdom of heaven for the Jews: "And as ye go. they were steeped in belief in all the fables of all the gods of the heathen world. Jesus said.. baptizing them in the name of the Father. 23)." (Matthew 10:5-6. They were special."(Mark 16:12-20) Thus. The Jews heard that they were the favored "lost sheep" in the first parts of Matthew and Mark-which were the only parts read to them. while the Gentiles were read the words of salvation from the forged endings: believeth and be saved. and confirming the word with signs following.. like Paul and his converts. thus spoke Jesus to his disciples: "Go not into the way of the Gentiles. in "Is It God's Word?" explains: "The gentiles were the superstitious pagans of Palestine. in Matthew 10. A new God was to them just one more god among many.Ye shall not have gone over the cities of Israel. Asia Minor. and preach the gospel to every creature. as the years went by without the coming of the son of God and his promised apocalypse. our wonderment at Jesus' apparent turn-around would know no bounds: just eighteen chapters earlier. the Lord working with them.."! The Gospel of Mark also fell victim to a later forger's pen. But. Joseph Wheless. saying.5. believed all things and hoped all things.I am not sent but unto the lost sheep of the house of Israel. If we weren't certain the verses above are a forgery. They knew nothing of the Jewish Scriptures or of the promised Messiah.but go rather to the lost sheep of the house of Israel.. the illiterate peasants to whom the fathers preached received two different messages-..And he said unto them. the kingdom of heaven is at hand.

met with Cornelius and his household.. Meanwhile." (Acts 10:17-28) Peter.what am I." (Acts 11:2. Thou wentest in to men uncircumcised. Saying. and worketh righteousness. is accepted with him. If the apostles ever had heard the son of God urge the acceptance of the Gentiles. where we begin by looking closely at the behavior of Simon Peter.. 3).. Peter defended himself. As further proof that Peter knew nothing of Jesus' command to his disciples to teach and baptize those of all nations. They could not know it because. and glorified God. "Forasmuch then as God gave them the like gift as he did unto us . it is only through a revelation-not the fraudulent "teach all nations" command by Jesus—that Peter was able to "perceive" that God would accept righteous Gentiles. teach all nations. This is virtually certain proof that Peter never heard Jesus' tell him and his disciples to "teach all nations". we have these words from Peter to Cornelius and his family: "Ye know how it is an unlawful thing for a man that is a Jew to keep company. a Gentile centurion from Caesarea named Cornelius had a revelation that he should meet with Peter to be converted to the all-Jewish sect (Acts 10:1-9).he that feareth [God]. and the speaking in tongues. Then God also to the Gentiles granted repentance unto life. As if the foregoing were not proof enough of the cynical forgeries of the church fathers. The Apostles Were Angry at Peter The apostles also evidently did not know anything about an alleged command by Jesus to "go. His doubt about the meaning of this vision is strong evidence that Jesus never told his disciples to convert the Gentiles: "Peter doubted in himself what this vision which he had seen should mean." (Acts 10:9-17). Jesus' mind was changed only in the lying imaginations of the forging fathers. that I could withstand God? When they heard these things. however. Peter. and if they had actually "preached everywhere"--as alleged by Matthew and Mark. and then told the apostles. and didst eat with them. also told Cornelius that a revelation had tentatively led him to "perceive that. the apostles did not know that Jesus had evidently changed his mind and decided to allow Gentiles into the kingdom of heaven. Thus. they that were of the circumcision. we discuss below further incriminating comments by learned authorities 2 .." (Acts 10:34-35). or come unto one of another nation.Apostles' Actions Expose the Lies As will be shown below. as we have already alleged. they surely never would have questioned Peter's meeting with the Gentiles... explained his trance vision and Cornelius's revelation. saying. Peter had a vision that he should meet with the Gentiles." (Acts 11:4-18). A Doubting Peter Agrees to Meet Gentiles While in a trance.. contended with him. still doubtful. Damning proof of this is offered below. they held their peace. Learning of this. because they were upset that Peter had embraced the Gentiles: "And when Peter had come up to Jerusalem.preach the gospel to every creature". and therefore that the final verses of Matthew and Mark are late forgeries.

and Mark 16:9-20 "is admittedly not genuine.. [2] Catholic Encyclopedia. distortions and falsehood of... p...angelfire.. Tradition..com/counter.com : The Real Jewish Messiah www. ix.html Reveals the error. they are inspired even if they are fake. and must be received as such by every Catholic" [2]. Now isn't this remarkable? According to the inspired fathers at the Council of Trent. that they are from the pen of another inspired author..org An international organization that responds directly to the issues raised by missionaries and cults. which conform to the letter of the church law. [defined] that all parts of the Sacred books are to be received as sacred and canonical. it is remarkable how much is revealed by the words above..Catholics are not bound to hold that the verses were written by St. Christianity.kosherjudaism.outreachjudaism.TorahAtlanta.Hence.com Jewish Articles and Response to Christian claims on G-d and the Messiah. was accepted as a source of faith." [5] -------------------------------------------------------------------[1] Council of Trent. and the Encyclopedia Biblica. northern Italy. ii..The combination of so many peculiar features.org Response to Missionaries www. But they are canonical Scripture. The council met over three sessions between 15451563 to deal with doctrinal and administrative problems. as quoted by Joseph Wheless in "Forgery In Christianity": Mark 16:9-20 "has against it the testimony of the two oldest [related manuscripts] [3].com/audio/jewish-response-to-christian-missionaries.org/cr/index. Hear also the words of the New Standard Bible Dictionary. called by Pope Paul III. which close the chapter at verse 8.. http://www.. 677-679 [3] Uncial manuscripts: Siniatic and Vatican... not only of vocabulary.htm Archive of Articles. http://jdstone. leaves room for doubt. http://www.. whoever wrote the disputed verses. the Catholic Encyclopedia states. In addition to this is the very significant silence of Patristic literature as to anything following verse 8" [4]. ". [5] Encyclopedia Biblica. It may be that he did not..it is not at all certain that Mark did not write the disputed verses. but of matter and construction.jewsforjudaism. 551.simpletoremember. but surely not the spirit in their nearconfession of the forgeries in Mark. along with the Bible. http://www.MessiahTruth. [4] New Standard Bible Dictionary. for the Council of Trent [1]. whoever wrote the verses... they are inspired. messiah.htm An Explanation of Christians Prophecies www. Mark.com/my/tgoldman0/prophet. trinity..htm Jewish Response to Christian Missionaries MP3s 3 . Jesus. PLEASE visit these useful websites for more information: www. Constrained as the editors of the Catholic Encyclopedia were by the demands of doctrinal adherence. 1880..Council of Trent: The Word of God Concerning the genuineness of Mark 16:9-20.