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IBC-UBC

IBC-UBC

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2101 GENERAL

2101 GENERAL

2101.1 Scope

2101.1 Scope

2101.2 Design methods

2101.2 Design Methods
2106.1.1 Scope

2101.2.1 Working stress design

2101.2.1 Working stress design

2101.2.2 Strength design

2101.2.2 Strength design

2101.2.3 Empirical design

2101.2.3 Empirical design

2101.2.4 Glass masonry

2101.2.4 Glass masonry

2101.2.5 Masonry veneer

2101.3 Construction documents

2106.1.2 Plans

2102 DEFINITIONS AND NOTATIONS

2101.3 Definitions
2101.4 Notations

2103 MASONRY CONSTRUCTION MATERIALS

2102 MATERIALS STANDARDS

2102.2 Standards of Quality

2103.1 Concrete masonry units

2102.2 Standards of Quality, Item 5

2103.2 Clay or shale masonry units

2102.2 Standards of Quality, Item 4

2103.3 Stone masonry units

2103.4 Ceramic tile

2103.5 Glass unit masonry

2110.2 Mortar Joints

2103.6 Second-hand units

2102.1 Quality
2106.1.11 Reuse of masonry units

2103.7 Mortar

2103.3 Mortar

Table 2103.7(1)—Mortar Proportions

Table 21-A—Mortar Proportions for Unit Masonry

Table 2103.7(2)—Mortar Properties

2103.8 Surface-bonding mortar

2103.9 Mortars for ceramic wall and floor tile

Table 2103.9—Ceramic Tile Mortar Compositions

2103.10 Grout

2103.4 Grout

Table 2103.10—Grout Proportions by Volume for

Table 21-B—Grout Proportions by Volume

Masonry Construction

2103.11 Metal reinforcement and accessories

2103.11.1 Deformed reinforcing bars

2102.2 Standards of Quality, Item10.2

2103.11.2 Joint reinforcement

2102.2 Standards of Quality, Item10.1
2106.1.5.4 Joint reinforcement
2104.8 Joint Reinforcement

2103.11.3 Deformed reinforcing wire

2103.11.4 Wire fabric

2103.11.5 Anchors, ties and accessories

2103.11.6 Corrosion protection

2103.11.7 Tests

2104 CONSTRUCTION

2104 CONSTRUCTION

2104.1 Masonry construction (Note: This section

2104.1 General

adopts ACI-1530.1/ASCE6/TMS602 specification for
masonry structures.)

2104.1.1 Tolerances

2104.5 Reinforcement Placing

2104.1.2 Placing mortar and units

2104.4 Placing Masonry Units

156 | CROSS REFERENCE IBC-UBC Structural

2000 International Building Code

1997 Uniform Building Code

2104.1.3 Installation of wall ties

2106.1.5.2 Wall ties in cavity wall construction

2104.1.4 Chases and recesses

2104.1.5 Lintels

2104.1.6 Support on wood

2307 WOOD SUPPORTING MASONRY OR CONCRETE

2104.1.7 Masonry protection

2104.3.1 General

2104.1.8 Weep holes

2104.2 Corbeled masonry

2104.3 Cold-weather construction

2104.3 Cold-weather Construction

2104.4 Hot weather construction

2104.5 Wetting of brick

2104.2 Materials; Handling, Storage and
Preparation, Items 3 and 4

2105 QUALITY ASSURANCE

2105 QUALITY ASSURANCE

2105.1 General

2105.1 General

2105.2 Acceptance relative to strength

requirements

2105.2.1 Compliance with fm

2105.3 Compliance with fm

2105.2.2 Determination of compressive strength

2105.2.2.1 Unit strength method

2105.3.4 Unit strength method

Table 2105.2.2.1.1—Compressive Strength of Clay

Masonry

Table 2105.2.2.1.2—Compressive Strength of

Concrete Masonry

2105.2.2.2 Prism test method

2105.3.2 Masonry prism testing

2105.3 Testing prisms from constructed masonry

2105.3.5 Testing prisms from constructed masonry

2105.4 Mortar testing

2105.4 Mortar Testing

2105.5 Grout testing

2105.5 Grout Testing

2106 SEISMIC DESIGN

2106.1.12.2 Special provisions for Seismic Zones 0
and 1
2106.1.12.3 Special provisions for Seismic Zone 2
2106.1.12.4 Special provisions for Seismic Zones 3
and 4

CROSS REFERENCE IBC-UBC Structural | 157

2000 International Building Code

1997 Uniform Building Code

2107 WORKING STRESS DESIGN

2107 WORKING STRESS DESIGN OF MASONRY

2108 STRENGTH DESIGN OF MASONRY

2108 STRENGTH DESIGN OF MASONRY

2108.1 General

2108.1 General
2108.1.1 General provisions

2108.2 Quality assurance provisions

2108.1.2 Quality assurance provisions

2108.3 Required strength

2108.1.3 Required strength

2108.4 Design strength

2108.1.4 Design strength

2108.4.1 Beams, piers and columns

2108.1.4.1 Beams, piers and columns

2108.4.2 Wall design for out-of-plane loads

2108.1.4.2 Wall design for out-of-plane loads

2108.4.3 Wall design for in-plane loads

2108.1.4.3 Wall design for in-plane loads

2108.4.4 Moment-resisting wall frames

2108.1.4.4 Moment-resisting wall frames

2108.4.5 Anchor bolts

2108.1.4.5 Anchor

2108.4.6 Reinforcement

2108.1.4.6 Reinforcement

2108.5 Deformation requirements

2108.6 Head and bent-bar anchor bolts

2108.1.5 Anchor bolts

2108.7 Properties of materials

2106.2.12 Modulus of elasticity of materials

2108.7.1 Modulus of elasticity of steel reinforcement

2106.2.12.2 Modulus of elasticity of steel

2108.7.2 Modulus of elasticity of masonry

2106.2.12.1 Modulus of elasticity of masonry

2108.7.3 Modulus of rigidity of masonry

2108.7.4 Masonry compressive strength

2106.2.2 Specified compressive strength of masonry

2108.7.5 Modulus of rupture

Table 2108.7.5—Modulus of Rupture for Out-of-plane —
Bending (fr)

2108.7.6 Reinforcement strength

2108.8 Section properties

2108.9 Reinforced masonry

2108.9.1 Design assumptions

2108.2.1.2 Design assumptions

2108.9.2 Reinforcement requirements and details

2108.2.2 Reinforcement requirements and details

158 | CROSS REFERENCE IBC-UBC Structural

2000 International Building Code

1997 Uniform Building Code

2108.9.2.1 Reinforcing bar size

2108.2.2.1 Maximum reinforcement

2108.9.2.2 Joint reinforcement

2108.9.2.3 Clear distance between parallel bars

2108.9.2.4 Clear distance between vertical bars in

2108.2.2.2 Placement

columns and piers

2108.9.2.5 Clear distance between spliced bars

2108.9.2.6 Bundling of reinforcing bars

2108.9.2.7 Reinforcing bar cover

2108.2.2.3 Cover

2108.9.2.8 Standard hooks

2108.2.2.4 Standard hooks

2108.9.2.9 Minimum bend diameter for reinforcing

2108.2.2.5 Minimum bend diameter for reinforcing

bars

bars

Table 2108.9.2.9—Minimum Diameters of Bend

Table 21-G—Minimum Diameters of Bend

2108.9.2.10 Development

2108.2.2.6 Development

2108.9.2.11 Splices

2108.2.2.7 Splices

2108.9.2.12 Development of shear reinforcement

2108.9.2.13 Maximum reinforcement percentages

2108.9.3 Design of beams, piers and columns

2108.2.3 Design of beams, piers and columns

2108.9.3.1 Design assumptions

2108.2.3.2 Design assumptions

2108.9.3.2 Maximum reinforcement limits

2108.9.3.3 Required strength

2108.2.3.4 Required strength

2108.9.3.4 Design strength

2108.2.3.5 Design strength

2108.9.3.5 Nominal strength

2108.2.3.6 Nominal strength

2108.9.3.6 Reinforcement

2108.2.3.7 Reinforcement

2108.9.3.7 Seismic design provisions

2108.2.3.8 Seismic design provisions

2108.9.3.8 Dimensional limits

2108.2.3.9 Dimensional limits

2108.9.3.9 Beams

2108.2.3.10 Beams

2108.9.3.10 Piers

2108.2.3.11 Piers

2108.9.3.11 Columns

2108.2.3.12 Columns

CROSS REFERENCE IBC-UBC Structural | 159

2000 International Building Code

1997 Uniform Building Code

2108.9.4 Wall design for out-of plane loads

2108.2.4 Wall design for out-of-plane loads

2108.9.4.1 General

2108.2.4.1 General

2108.9.4.2 Maximum reinforcement

2108.2.4.2 Maximum reinforcement

2108.9.4.3 Moment and deflection calculations

2108.2.4.3 Moment and deflection calculations

2108.9.4.4 Walls with factored axial load stress of

2108.2.4.4 Walls with axial load of 0.04 fmor less

0.05 fmor less

2108.9.4.5 Walls with factored axial load stress

2108.2.4.5 Wall with axial load greater than 0.04 fm

greater than 0.05 fm

2108.9.4.6 Deflection design

2108.2.4.6 Deflection design

2108.9.5 Wall design for in-plane loads

2108.2.5 Wall design for in-plane loads

2108.9.5.1 General

2108.2.5.1 General

2108.9.5.2 Reinforcement

2108.2.5.2 Reinforcement

2108.9.5.3 Design strength

2108.2.5.3 Design strength

2108.9.5.4 Axial strength

2108.2.5.4 Axial strength

2108.9.5.5 Shear strength

2108.2.5.5 Shear strength

2108.9.6 Special masonry moment frames

2108.2.6 Design of moment-resisting wall frames

(wall-frames)

2108.9.6.1 Calculations

2108.2.6.1.3 Analysis

2108.9.6.1.1 Yielding

2108.2.6.1.3 Analysis

2108.9.6.2 Reinforcement

2108.6.2.4 Reinforcement

2108.9.6.3 Wall frame beams

2108.6.2.5 Flexural members (beams)

2108.9.6.3.1 Compression force

2108.6.2.5 Flexural members (beams)

2108.9.6.3.2 Reinforcement ratio

2108.9.6.3.3 Minimum clear span

2108.2.6.1.2 Dimensional limits

2108.9.6.3.4 Beam depth

2108.2.6.1.2 Dimensional limits

2108.9.6.3.5 Beam width

2108.2.6.1.2 Dimensional limits

2108.9.6.4 Longitudinal reinforcement for beams

2108.6.2.5 Flexural members (beams)

2108.9.6.5 Transverse reinforcement for beams

2108.6.2.5 Flexural members (beams)

160 | CROSS REFERENCE IBC-UBC Structural

2000 International Building Code

1997 Uniform Building Code

2108.9.6.6 Wall frame columns

2108.2.6.2.6 Members subjected to axial force and
flexure

2108.9.6.6.1 Maximum compression force

2108.9.6.6.2 Parallel column dimension

2108.2.6.1.2 Dimensional limits

2108.9.6.6.3 Height-to-depth-ratio

2108.2.6.1.2 Dimensional limits

2108.9.6.6.4 Height-to-depth-ratio

2108.2.6.1.2 Dimensional limits

2108.9.6.7 Longitudinal reinforcement for columns

2108.2.6.2.6 Members subjected to axial force and
flexure

2108.9.6.8 Transverse reinforcement for columns

2108.2.6.2.6 Members subjected to axial force and
flexure

2108.9.6.9 Wall frame beam-column intersection

2108.2.6.2.9 Joints

2108.10 Design of plain (unreinforced) masonry

members

2109 EMPIRICAL DESIGN OF MASONRY

2109 EMPIRICAL DESIGN OF MASONRY

2109.1 General

2109.1 General

2109.1.1 Limitations

2109.2 Height

2109.2 Lateral stability

2109.3 Lateral Stability

2109.2.1 Shear walls

Table 2109.2.1.3—Maximum Span to Width (Depth)

Table 21-L—Shear Wall Spacing Requirements for

Ratio of Floor and Roof Diaphragms

Empirical Design of Masonry

2109.2.2 Roofs

2109.2.3 Surface-bonded walls

Table 2109.2.3.1—Allowable Stress Gross

Cross-Sectional Area for Dry-Stacked,
Surface-Bonded Concrete Masonry Walls

2109.3 Compressive stress requirements

2109.4 Compressive Stresses

2109.3.1 Vertical dead plus live loads

2109.4.1 General

2109.3.2 Maximum values

2109.4.2 Allowable stresses

Table 2109.3.2—Allowable Compressive Stresses

Table 21-M—Allowable Compressive Stresses for

for Empirical Design of Masonry

Empirical Design of Masonry

2109.4 Lateral support

2109.5 Lateral Support

CROSS REFERENCE IBC-UBC Structural | 161

2000 International Building Code

1997 Uniform Building Code

Table 2109.4.1—Wall Lateral Support Requirements

Table 21-O—Wall Lateral Support Requirements for
Empirical Design of Masonry

2109.5 Thickness of masonry

2109.6 Minimum Thickness

2109.5.1 Thickness of walls

2109.5.2 Minimum thickness

2109.6.1 General

2109.5.3 Rubble stone walls

2109.10.3 Minimum thickness

2109.5.4 Change in thickness

2109.6.3 Decrease in thickness

2109.5.5 Parapet walls

2109.6.4 Parapets

2109.5.6 Foundation walls

2109.6.5 Foundation walls

2109.6 Bond

2109.7 Bond

2109.6.1 General

2109.7.1 General

2109.6.2 Bonding with masonry headers

2109.7.2 Masonry headers

2109.6.2.1 Solid units

2109.7.2 Masonry headers

2109.6.2.2 Hollow units

2109.7.2 Masonry headers

2109.6.2.3 Masonry bonded hollow walls

2109.6.3 Bonding with wall ties or joint reinforcement—

2109.6.3.1 Bonding with wall ties

2109.7.3 Wall ties

2109.6.3.2 Building with prefabricated joint

2109.7.3 Wall ties

reinforcement

2109.6.4 Bonding with natural or cast stone

2109.6.5 Masonry bonding pattern

2109.6.5.1 Masonry laid in running bond

2109.7.4 Longitudinal bond

2109.6.5.2 Masonry laid in stack bond

2109.7 Anchorage

2109.8 Anchorage

2109.7.1 General

2109.7.2 Intersecting walls

2109.8.1 Intersecting walls

2109.7.3 Floor and roof anchorage

2109.8.2 Floor and roof anchorage

2109.7.4 Walls adjoining structural framing

2109.8.3 Walls adjoining structural framing

162 | CROSS REFERENCE IBC-UBC Structural

2000 International Building Code

1997 Uniform Building Code

CROSS REFERENCE IBC-UBC Structural | 163

2000 International Building Code

1997 Uniform Building Code

2109.8 Adobe construction

2109.9 Unburned Clay Masonry

2109.8.1 Unstabilized adobe

2109.8.2 Stabilized adobe

2109.8.3 Working stress

Table 2109.8.3.1—Allowable Shear on Bolts in Adobe Table 21-Q—Allowable Shear on Bolts for Masonry
Masonry

of Unburned Clay Units

2109.8.4 Construction

2110 GLASS UNIT MASONRY

2110 GLASS MASONRY

2110.1 Scope

2110.1.1 Limitations

2110.1 General

2110.2 Units

2110.1 General

2110.3 Panel size

2110.5 Size of Panels

Figure 2110.3.1 Glass Masonry Design Wind Load
Resistance

2110.4 Support

2110.3 Lateral Support

2110.5 Expansion joints

2110.6 Expansion Joints

2110.6 Mortar

2110.2 Mortar Joints

2110.7 Reinforcement

2110.4 Reinforcement

2111 MASONRY FIREPLACES

2111 CHIMNEYS, FIREPLACES AND BARBECUES

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