ARPO

ENI S.p.A. Agip Division

ORGANISING DEPARTMENT

TYPE OF ACTIVITY'

ISSUING DEPT.

DOC. TYPE

REFER TO SECTION N.

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6120

DIRECTIONAL CONTROL & SURVEYING PROCEDURES

DISTRIBUTION LIST Eni - Agip Division Italian Districts Eni - Agip Division Affiliated Companies Eni - Agip Division Headquarter Drilling & Completion Units STAP Archive Eni - Agip Division Headquarter Subsurface Geology Units Eni - Agip Division Headquarter Reservoir Units Eni - Agip Division Headquarter Coordination Units for Italian Activities Eni - Agip Division Headquarter Coordination Units for Foreign Activities

NOTE: The present document is available in Eni Agip Intranet (http://wwwarpo.in.agip.it) and a CD-Rom version can also be distributed (requests will be addressed to STAP Dept. in Eni - Agip Division Headquarter) Date of issue: „ ƒ ‚ • € Issued by P. Magarini E. Monaci 28/06/99 REVISIONS PREP'D C. Lanzetta 28/06/99 CHK'D A. Galletta 28/06/99 APPR'D 28/06/99

The present document is CONFIDENTIAL and it is property of AGIP It shall not be shown to third parties nor shall it be used for reasons different from those owing to which it was given

ARPO

ENI S.p.A. Agip Division

IDENTIFICATION CODE

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INDEX
1. INTRODUCTION
1.1. 1.2. 1.3. PURPOSE OF THE MANUAL IMPLEMENTATION UPDATING, AMENDMENT, CONTROL & DEROGATION

5
5 5 5

2.

GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES
2.1. 2.2. COMMUNICATION STRUCTURE PERSONNEL RESPONSIBILITIES 2.2.1. Drilling & Completion Manager 2.2.2. Drilling Superintendent 2.2.3. Senior Drilling Engineer 2.2.4. Drilling and Completion Supervisor (Rig-Site) 2.2.5. Contractor Directional Supervisor 2.2.6. Contractor Directional Operator (Rig-Site) 2.2.7. Contractor Surveying Operator (Rig-Site) CONTRACTOR COMPETENCE ASSURANCE

6
6 6 6 6 7 8 9 10 11 11

2.3.

3.

WELL PLANNING PROCEDURE
3.1. 3.2. OBJECTIVES DEFINITIONS 3.2.1. Vertical Well 3.2.2. Deviated Well 3.2.3. Rotary Kelly Bushing (RKB) 3.2.4. Origin Reference Point (ORP) 3.2.5. Projected Well Plot 3.2.6. Directional Well Programme PLANNING RESPONSIBILITIES PLANNING REQUIREMENTS 3.4.1. Software Capabilities 3.4.2. Decision Process 3.4.3. Origin Reference Points (for well planning) PRELIMINARY DIRECTIONAL PLAN INFORMATION IMPACT OF THE RADIOUS OF UNCERTAIN (ROU) PROJECTED DIRECTIONAL PLAN INFORMATION PROJECTED WELL PLOTS 3.8.1. Well Plan 3.8.2. Spider Plot 3.8.3. Proximity Evaluation DIRECTIONAL WELL PROGRAMME

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12 12 12 12 12 13 13 13 13 14 14 15 15 16 16 17 18 18 19 19 19 21 21

3.3. 3.4.

3.5. 3.6. 3.7. 3.8.

3.9.

3.10. PRE-SPUD MEETING 3.11. TECHNICAL MEETINGS

ARPO

ENI S.p.A. Agip Division 4. SURVEYING POLICY
4.1. 4.2. OBJECTIVES

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22 22 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 23 23 23 25 26 26 26 26 26 26 27 27 27 27 27 27 28 28 29 29 30 32 34 34 35 36 36 36 37 37

DEFINITIONS 4.2.1. Definitive Survey 4.2.2. Origin Reference Point (ORP) 4.2.3. Reference North 4.2.4. Tie-In Point (TIP) 4.2.5. Foresight Reference (FR) 4.2.6. Dogleg Severity (DLS) 4.2.7. Magnetic Declination 4.2.8. Uncertainty Factor (UF) 4.2.9. Magnetic Survey Tool List 4.2.10. Gyroscopic Survey Tool List SURVEYING RESPONSIBILITIES SURVEYING REQUIREMENTS 4.4.1. Approved Surveying Tools 4.4.2. Software Capabilities 4.4.3. Survey Calculation Method 4.4.4. Survey Tool Uncertainty 4.4.5. Minimum Surveying Programme 4.4.6. Accuracy Comparison Methods 4.4.7. Azimuth Reference 4.4.8. Tie-In Points 4.4.9. Measurement System 4.4.10. Horizontal Uncertainty Factors 4.4.11. Vertical Uncertainty Factors 4.4.12. Magnetic Declination 4.4.13. Rigsite Directional Data Requirement CONSIDERATIONS FOR SURVEY TOOL SELECTION 4.5.1. Directional Drilling Control 4.5.2. Well profile Verification 4.5.3. Orientation Surveys QUALITY CONTROL (QC) 4.6.1. Magnetic Survey Tools (at Rig-site) 4.6.2. Gyroscopic Survey Tools (at Rig-site) 4.6.3. Schlumberger ‘Guidance Continuous Tool 4.6.4. Ferranti Inertial Survey Tool 4.6.5. In-House Quality Control SURVEY PROGRAMME FOR VERTICAL HOLES SURVEY PROGRAMME FOR DEVIATED HOLES

4.3. 4.4.

4.5.

4.6.

4.7. 4.8.

5.

ANTI-COLLISION PROCEDURE
5.1. 5.2. OBJECTIVES DEFINITIONS 5.2.1. Ellipsoid of Uncertainty 5.2.2. Radius of Uncertainty (ROU) 5.2.3. Dogleg Potential (DLP) and Dogleg Severity (DLS) 5.2.4. Horizontal Uncertainty Factor (UF) 5.2.5. Current Well (CW) 5.2.6. Target Well (TW) 5.2.7. Separation Distance (SD) 5.2.8. Centre to Centre Distance (CCD)

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40 40 40 40 40 41 41 41 41 41

3.A. Planning Wells (with interference between existing producing/completed wells and new wells) 48 5.3.3. ANTI-COLLISION RESPONSIBILITIES 48 5. Summary Plot 6.4. Separation Ratio (SR) ANTI-COLLISION REQUIREMENTS 5.3.1.2. 5. DIRECTIONAL DRILLING/SURVEYING SERVICES PROCUREMENT 7. BHA Performance Report 6.2.1.1.1. 6. non completed/P&A wells and new wells) 49 PLUGGING OF COMPLETED TARGET WELLS (when separation is in zone x) SUSPENSION OF CURRENT WELL (when separation is in zone y or in zone z) WELL-SITE PROCEDURES EXAMPLE PROXIMITY CALCULATION 50 50 51 55 5. Final Report REPORTING RESPONSIBILITIES SURVEY REPORTING FORMAT DIRECTIONAL CONTRACTOR’S FINAL REPORT 6.1. Software Capabilities 5. Definitive Surveys 6.6.5.5. Projection Technique (with Rotary Assemblies) 5.9. ARPO FB-1 Malfunction & Failure Report 7.5.2. 5. 7.2.p.3. RECORD KEEPING 6. 7.3.2.4.ARPO ENI S.4. 5.2. ARPO FB-2 Contractor Evaluation Form 61 61 62 62 62 .3.2.6.5. Worst Case Projection Technique CONSIDERATIONS IN PLANNING A NEW MULTI-WELL SITE 5. 6.6. Projection Technique (with Steerable Assemblies) 5.7. Definitive Survey Listing 6.9.2. OBJECTIVES DEFINITIONS 6. 6.2.2.5.6. Planning Wells (with interference between existing.1. PROCURING SERVICES & MATERIALS PROCEDURES CONTRACTOR EVALUATION 7. 5. Working Surveys 6.8. 5. Title Page SUMMARY OF OPERATION/SURVEY PROGRAMME 6.6.1. 6. 6.2.2.2.6.3. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 4 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 41 45 45 45 45 45 47 5.4.3.1. Directional Drilling Analysis 57 57 57 57 57 57 57 58 59 59 59 59 59 60 60 6.

involved in Eni-Agip’s Drilling & Completion worldwide activities.ARPO ENI S.) after the District/Affiliate Manager and the Corporate Drilling & Completion Standards Department in Eni-Agip Division Head Office have been advised in writing. CONTROL & DEROGATION This is a ‘live’ controlled document and. Accordingly. IMPLEMENTATION The policies specified herein will be applicable to all of Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates operations world-wide. INTRODUCTION PURPOSE OF THE MANUAL The purpose of the Directional Drilling and Surveying Manual is to guide technicians and engineers. methodologies and rules that enable to operate uniformly and in compliance with the Corporate Company Principles. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 5 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 1. 1.A. This.1. UPDATING. 1. when the updating of the document will be advisable. . in accordance with the development of Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates operational experience. Such Corporate Standards define the requirements. It is intended to guide users towards using procedures which have been found to provide the most efficient and cost effective operations. while providing all personnel involved in Directional Drilling & Surveying activities with common guidelines in all areas worldwide where Eni-Agip operates. still enables each individual Affiliated Company the capability to operate according to local laws or particular environmental situations. through the Procedures and the Technical Specifications for Directional Drilling and Surveying operations which are part of the Corporate Standards. it will only be amended and improved by the Corporate Company. The final aim is to improve performance and efficiency in terms of safety. quality and costs.2. it will be the responsibility of everyone concerned in the use and application of this manual to review the policies and related procedures on an ongoing basis. as such. The Corporate Drilling & Completion Standards Department will consider such approved derogations for future amendments and improvements of the manual. AMENDMENT. however.3. 1. Locally dictated derogations from the manual shall be approved solely in writing by the Manager of the local Drilling and Completion Department (D&C Dept. All supervisory and technical personnel engaged in Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates directional control and surveying operations are expected to make themselves familiar with the contents of this manual and be responsible for compliance to it’s policies and procedures.p.

2.2.2) .5. (Refer to sections 7.1 and 5.2.5. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 6 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 2.2.ARPO ENI S. Ensuring the maintenance of safe well operations when drilling in close proximity to other wells. (Refer to Section 3.1. (Refer to Sections 6.2) Ensuring reports. Conducting an evaluation of the Directional Contractor's performance for current contracts and future tender evaluation. COMMUNICATION STRUCTURE The Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates communication structure will be in accordance with the local Drilling & Completion Department’s organisation and to meet with the necessary reporting requirements of the Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates head office. Operational specific individual personnel responsibilities are detailed in each relevant section of the manual.1 and 7. PERSONNEL RESPONSIBILITIES The following sections describe the general responsibilities of personnel involved in directional drilling and surveying. Liaising with the Directional Contractor onshore to ensure the proper personnel and materials are supplied to the rig-site in scheduled time. This evaluation contributes to the completion of forms ARPO FB-01 and ARPO FB-02. 7.1 and 7. (Refer to Sections 5. 2.A. Providing technical advice to drilling rig-site personnel on a daily basis as required.p.2) Ensuring compliance with policy and development of local procedures in accordance with company policies and local legislation.2. Drilling Superintendent The Drilling Superintendent will have responsibility for: • • • • Ensuring the well progress follows the approved well directional plan.2. 2.2.4.1. and survey calculation's output are forwarded to Agip Head Office. Project Well Plan approval.4. GENERAL RESPONSIBILITIES This section outlines the communication structure and general personnel responsibilities with regard to directional drilling and surveying operations. ARPO FB-02 (for Directional Drilling and Surveying services) forms.2) 2.2. Drilling & Completion Manager The Drilling & Completion Manager will have responsibility for: • • • • • Enforcing technical specifications issued by ARPO/STAP in the tender request. ARPO FB-01.2.

ARPO

ENI S.p.A. Agip Division
2.2.3. Senior Drilling Engineer

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The Senior Drilling Engineer will have responsibility for: • • • • • • • • • • Note • Ensuring the compilation, approval and issuing of the well programme to include the Directional and Surveying plan. (Refer to Section 3.9) Ensuring full and consistent consideration of all related issues from both the technical and economic point of view. (Refer to Sections 3.3 , 5.5.1 and 5.5.2) Requesting, receiving, reviewing and approving for distribution, the Contractor’s Projected Well Plots. Liaising with the Directional Drilling Contractor to ensure effective execution of the approved Directional Programme. Providing technical answers to operational problems as they arise. Responsible for producing contingent amendments to the Directional and Surveying Programme (e.g. in case of a side track). Reviewing techniques and procedures for future programmes. Producing a Final Well Report including the directional and surveying section as supplied by the Directional Contractor. (Refer to Section 6.3) The supervising and managing of the ‘Definitive Survey Records’. (Refer to Section 6.5) Confirming the accuracy of data for the Final Well Plots and directional Well Programmes. SDE approval is required on all Final Well Plots and Well Programmes. (Refer to Section 3.3) Aiding the Drilling Superintendent evaluating the Directional Drilling Contractor's performance for current contracts and future tender evaluation.

ARPO

ENI S.p.A. Agip Division
2.2.4.

IDENTIFICATION CODE

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Drilling and Completion Supervisor (Rig-Site) The Drilling Supervisor at the rig-site will have responsibility for: • • • • • • Making himself/herself thoroughly conversant with the well programme and the well directional plan and ensuring the correct execution of the programme in accordance to the directional targets. (Refer to Section 5.8) Ensuring that all the necessary equipment, materials and personnel required to carry out directional operations are available on schedule and ensuring prompt return of same after operations are complete. Organising pre-job meetings at the rig site to ensure that the service companies and drilling contractor personnel understand the operations and tasks to be performed and their individual responsibilities. Reviewing the progress of operations, regularly reporting to the Drilling Superintendent and Senior Drilling Engineer, and offering suggestions for programme improvement and/or solutions to problems as they arise. Supervising and managing the directional drilling and surveying programme. Aiding the Drilling Superintendent checking and assessing the competence of service company personnel, their performance and equipment suitability and reporting this evaluation on ARPO FB-1 and ARPO FB-2 forms. (Refer to Sections 6.4, 7.2.1 and 7.2.2) Reporting/conveying survey information to the base office in a timely fashion so that field calculations can be checked ensuring that the appropriate form is filled in correctly, accurately and completely. (Refer to Section 6.3) Ensuring that all required procedures, to meet with the Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates anti-collision policy, are taken before drilling operations commence. (Refer to Section 5) Ensuring that appropriate actions are taken to shut-in wells or halt drilling operations in adherence to the anti-collision policy. (Refer to Sections 5.5.1 and 5.5.2)

• • •

ARPO

ENI S.p.A. Agip Division
2.2.5.

IDENTIFICATION CODE

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Contractor Directional Supervisor Note The necessity of a Directional Contractor Supervisor will be evaluated each time depending on the particular programme. This will be specified in the Directional Drilling Services Tender - technical specification section. Technical Supervisor will have responsibility for: • • • • • • • • • • Ensuring that the agreed and safe established working practices/procedures between Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates and the Directional Contractor are followed by the rig-site Contractor Directional Operators. Being familiar with and working within the guidelines of the Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates Directional and Surveying Procedures as laid out in this manual. Ensuring reporting meets with the local communication structure. Making himself/herself thoroughly familiar with the well plan and its requirements. Checking and confirming the accuracy of the well planning information as received from the SDE. Briefing the Contractor Directional Operator on the well plan and its requirements prior to proceeding to the rig. Ensuring that the equipment provided by the Directional Contractor to the rig-site meets with programme requirements and liasing with the Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates representatives for future requirements. Consulting with local Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates personnel on a daily basis while the programme is being conducted. Confirming survey and proximity calculations on a daily basis, or more frequently as required. Checking and approving the Final Well Report, as detailed in Section 6.5, before releasing the copies to Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates.

Providing BHA designs and ensuring they are suitable for survey programme requirements and advising maintenance requirements.5. Making himself familiar with and working within the Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates Directional and Surveying Procedures as laid out in this manual.A. Preparing a Final Well Report. proposed BHA's and operational suggestions. as detailed in Section 6. as approved by the SDE. Maintaining current records of drilling parameters and descriptions of each assembly drilling the well. Checking the accuracy and completeness of the Project Well Plot and Well Programme. Making himself thoroughly familiar with the well plan and requirements. Supervising tripping and reaming operations to maintain hole condition and to prevent unintended side-tracks. • • • • • • • .ARPO ENI S.p. Providing the standard daily reports comprising a summary of drilling activity. Maintaining up to date survey calculations and projections to keep within the well specified tolerances as outlined in the Well Programme. Ensuring that the rig-site equipment inventory meets programme requirements and consulting with the Drilling and Completion Supervisor to cover future needs in ahead of time. Preparing equipment lists for immediate return of rental equipment to the Contract’s base. when the drilling of the well has been completed. Monitoring dogleg severity and ensuring that corrective action is taken to keep doglegs within specification. Maintaining up to date proximity calculations and projections and taking actions to keep the well path within specified tolerances as outlined in the Well Programme. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 10 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Contractor Directional Operator (Rig-Site) The Contractor Directional Operator will have responsibility for: • • • • • • • • • • • Adhering to the agreed and established safe working practices between EniAgip Division and Affiliates and the Directional Contractor. survey data. Enabling prompt back-up calculations to confirm rig-site data. drilling parameters. Supervising directional drilling operations. equipment requirements.6.2. Agip Division 2. Reporting according to the communication structure . Providing immediate reports of any accidents/major operational incidents and near-misses relating to the programme. before the directional drilling commences. the drilling assembly in use. Ensuring that data relating to well proximity calculations is communicated to the Drilling Superintendent/SDE and to the Contractor Directional Supervisor (if applicable) as information becomes available.

Notifying the Drilling and Completion Supervisor of any problems with the surveying equipment that may invalidate results. Being familiar with and working within the Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates Directional and Surveying Procedure as laid out in this manual. 2.ARPO ENI S. Ensuring all data has been acquired from the Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates office in order to make accurate survey calculations.p.4) Ensuring that the rig-site survey equipment inventory meets programme requirements and liasing with the Drilling Supervisor to cover future requirements according to schedule. training and the educational background of Contractor personnel must comply with Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates specifications and/or local regulations and requirements for the job they are to perform. Providing field calculated survey results as soon as practical (for single shot surveys).8 CONTRACTOR COMPETENCE ASSURANCE The SDE and DS will ensure that all Directional and Surveying Contractor personnel will have proven qualifications for the services they are contracted to provide to Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates. Making himself thoroughly familiar with the programme surveying and requirements. Adhering to the communication structure . Agip Division 2.7. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 11 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Contractor Surveying Operator (Rig-Site) The Contractor Surveying Operator at the rig-site will have responsibility for: • • • • • • • • • • • • • • Adhering to the agreed and established safe working practices between EniAgip Division and Affiliates and the Survey Contractor. Confirming that magnetic survey tools are placed in the BHA as specified in Section 4.2. Ensuring that the survey tool has been checked and calibrated as per the QC procedures of the Surveying Contractor immediately before and after running in the hole and providing relevant documentation.6) Providing daily reports of survey data (for on going measurements).6. Ensuring reported survey depths are accurate. Keeping complete records of equipment used during drilling or surveying operations. . (Refer to Section 4. Industrial experience. (Refer to Section 4.2. Providing immediate reports of any accidents or major operational incidents and near misses relating to the programme.A. so as to minimise interference.

the position and uncertainty of exact location of adjacent wells and the difficulties expected in the drilling of the proposed well). The prime reasons for specifying a well policy are to: • • • Accurately plan every well on a consistent basis by ensuring that all required data is taken into consideration.3.p. the accuracy of available survey tools. It is also the point from which the rig location is referenced. a vertical well will be classed as a deviated well if the inclination increases during the course of drilling the hole. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 12 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 3.2. WELL PLANNING PROCEDURE OBJECTIVES All wells will be planned with due consideration given to the economic viability of the project and surveying requirements with regard to accuracy and/or constraints (i. 3. in absence of other specifications (due to local policies or regulatory requirements).2) . 3.1. 3.A. DEFINITIONS Vertical Well In absence of other specifications (due to local policies or regulation's requirements) a vertical well is a well whose planned target horizontal co-ordinates coincide with the Origin Reference Point. the Well Programmes. Systematically and fully document the well planning process for each well.2. 3. (Refer to Section 4.2. Note Considering that a prime objective of the Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates Surveying Procedure is to accurately determine the well path position for all wells (exploration or development/vertical or deviated). Rotary Kelly Bushing (RKB) Is the horizontal level from which the well depth (and true vertical depth) will be measured while drilling.e.2. Provide an accurate set of graphical output (plots) to monitor the well path while the well is being drilled. therefore.ARPO ENI S. It is vital to establish the minimum level of uncertainty in the event a relief well may be required. 3. It will differ from subsea depths by the height of the rig above sea level. The procedures outlined in the Surveying and Anti-collision sections of this manual will apply to all Projected Well Plots and.1. Deviated Well Is a well whose planned target horizontal co-ordinates are different from the Origin Reference Point.2.

Documentary approval for amendments will be required from the Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates Drilling & Completion Manager before they are implemented . PLANNING RESPONSIBILITIES The SDE will be responsible for the accuracy and confirmation of data on the Projected Well Plots and Directional Well Programmes. Amendments to the directional and surveying programme. Agip Division 3. after it has been finalised.g.3. will be assessed in compliance with the local Drilling & Completion Department’s organisation.p.4. 3.2.ARPO ENI S.5. 3. 3. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 13 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Origin Reference Point (ORP) Is the origin which will be used for the horizontal co-ordinates e.6. The D&CM will have formal responsibility for the planning of the directional wells.A. Directional Well Programme Is the directional and survey requirements which will be included in the overall Well Programme produced for the well. This will be the zero point on the horizontal well plan used to plot the well while drilling.2. The EniAgip Division and Affiliates Drilling & Completion Manager's approval will be required on all Well Programmes confirmed by signature. Projected Well Plot Is the graphical representation of the well profile in the final approved form.2. latitude and departure of the well to be drilled.

By Magnetic media. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 14 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 PLANNING REQUIREMENTS Software Capabilities The contractor’s software must be verified and then accepted by Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates prior to the work commencing.4.3). To calculate proximity to multiple wells with projection capability and tabular output of center-to-center distance. Horizontal proximity and 3 dimensional calculation models between two specified wells. To calculate survey data and dogleg severity with the Minimum Radius of Curvature (standard) method By single and multi-point interpolation by MD or TVD. distance between ROU and Separation Ratio (See Section 5. To calculate in compliance with Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates procedures (as described in Section 5. magnetic dip and magnetic declination including rates of change with the latest computer models.A. Multi-directional based on previous surveys. Write protection and automatic virus protection capabilities for individual files.ARPO ENI S.p. Build/drop/turn required to hit any point on the target plane.1.2). Agip Division 3. To convert (both ways) between geographic and UTM coordinate systems.4. To calculate local magnetic field strength. 3. radius of uncertainty (ROU). Geodetic Conversion Geomagnetic Conversion File Storage and Protection Data Acquisition . The following lists the minimum capabilities required for planning directional drilling calculations and survey programmes: Well Planning Survey Calculation Interpolation Projection Trend Analysis Proximity Ellipse of Uncertainty Anti-Collision Monitoring Must have the capability for complex (3D) well paths with graphical output facilities. software compatible with that used in the local Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates Department.

The ORP for each well will be the designated slot. total TVD of the well. This will change to the actual location of the rig once its true position is confirmed. TVD. dip angle. 3. etc. and prior to drilling further wells. Template wells Platform wells(1) Note: When a platform has been installed over a template. and prior to drilling further wells. Origin Reference Points (for well planning) Isolated wells The initial ORP will be the planned RKB location. geological constraints i. all definitive data for pre-drilled wells will be updated using the ORP as designated for platform wells above. The Geology/Exploration or Reservoir Department will develop initial specifications e. When planning a directional well from a cluster the ORP will be the designated slot. When planning a directional well from an offshore fixed platform.3. the ORP for the template will be the designated template centre.4. Agip Division 3. The compiled data will then be used to alter or finalise the geological specifications before final approval of the project. Decision Process IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 15 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 The decision process for approving a well prospect will be by the result of discussions between various Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates departments.e.A. When planning directional wells to be pre-drilled from seabed templates. the ORP for the template will be the centre area slot or a designed slot.4.p. the ORP for each well will be the designated slot.2. Onshore Cluster wells 1 When a platform has been installed over a template. target location and accepted displacement tolerance. lithology and expected TVD.ARPO ENI S. faults. The Drilling and Completion Department will produce an in-house well plot/plan for evaluation (possibly with direct input from contractor). all definitive data for pre-drilled wells will be updated using the ORP as designated for platform wells above. .g.

6. The cost implications must also be evaluated before making this choice. Agip Division 3.ARPO ENI S. Once this matter is resolved the full directional planning can then be finalised. with contribution from the Directional Contractor. The following information will be specified: • • • • • • • • • • • • • Surface and target co-ordinates . platform slots Expected lithology . It is therefore important the SDE ensures that he obtains the necessary information from the Exploration or Reservoir Department on the maximum acceptable size and shape of the target. template (including abandoned sections of hole or plugged side-tracks) and appraisal wells in the same area. a preliminary specification will be prepared by the SDE.with a clear indication of subsea or RKB depths Inclination at target Shape and size of target(s) .5. cluster.platform centre. This will include all wells drilled from the same platform.restrictions. . If it is calculated that the ROU could fall outside the acceptable boundaries. cluster. Definitive survey data of all well bores which may constitute a collision risk. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 16 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 PRELIMINARY DIRECTIONAL PLAN INFORMATION The SDE will ensure that the Directional Contractor is provided with all data necessary for an initial well profile.A.p.with a clear indication of subsea or RKB depths Total well TVD . Note Confirm that all previously drilled appraisal wells in the area have been included in the well plan information. This is of particular importance when planning side tracks. slot Orientation of the wells bay (if applicable) Displacement among the slots (if applicable) Consider the wells position in the template. the decision will need to be made to either improve survey accuracy so as to reduce the ROU or decrease the target size so the ROU's do not infringe into unacceptable zones. The impact the ROU will have on survey tool choice and relevant costs.UTM or geographical Local reference co-ordinates . if necessary. When a drilling prospect requires a deviated well. IMPACT OF THE RADIOUS OF UNCERTAIN (ROU) Before accepting the target location and size. 3. some work should be carried out to estimate: • • The impact the ROU will have on entering or crossing formation/fault/blocks and how those will impact on the well objectives. if applicable Preliminary casing programme Type of drilling fluid Potential drilling problems which may affect the directional profile.

The well profile calculations are correct and reach the co-ordinates as specified on the Well Plan. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 17 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 PROJECTED DIRECTIONAL PLAN INFORMATION The SDE will be responsible for ensuring that the directional and surveying plan including all the available offset information is thoroughly researched.ARPO ENI S. The information described in section 3.p. The Directional and Surveying Plan should include the review of the position of the well bore and extent of the ROU before entering the hydrocarbon bearing zone.7. Note: . The SDE will ensure the following information is correct before release to the Directional Contractor for preparation of the Projected Well Plot: • • • • The ORPs are correct. Agip Division 3.A. The Projected Well Plan will be reviewed by the SDE to ensure that it complies with the Surveying and Anti-Collision Procedure.5 is complete and correct. The dogleg severity is within the maximum recommended (refer to the Drilling Procedures Manual in absence of any local recommendations).

Declination Corrections. Plan Version.1. Scales. ‘checked by’. The Projected Well Plan will be reviewed by the SDE to ensure that it complies with the Surveying and Anti-Collision procedure. Agip Division 3. Co-ordinates of the ORP with Well centre and Targets listed. The SDE will be responsible for ensuring that the directional and surveying plan including all the available offset information is thoroughly researched. Directional Contractor Name.8.tabulated.p. Field Name. The SDE will ensure the following information is correct before release to the Directional Contractor for preparation of the Projected Well Plot: Note The Directional and Surveying Plan should include the review of the position of the well bore and extent of the ROU before entering the hydrocarbon bearing zone. Co-ordinates of critical points (as in the previous paragraph) . The minimum data as follows is required: • • • • • • • Well Name. casing points. and primary formation tops. labelled with critical directional points. 3. Well Plan A vertical and horizontal view of the well profile at all points is necessary where the well is deviated.8. and ‘authorised by’ with dates and signatures on all copies. Vertical Plan curve.ARPO ENI S.A. North Reference. Target Location with shape and tolerance clearly marked. Authorisation box indicating ‘drawn by’. Vertical Section Reference Azimuth. . IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 18 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 PROJECTED WELL PLOTS The Project well plots must be full in compliance to Deviation Project of the ‘Well Drilling Programme’.

3. Practical scales will be required for all depths where a collision risk exists (i. Authorisation box indicating ‘drawn by’. Proximity Evaluation A plot relating the position of other well bores to the planned well at various depths is required (See Figure 3.e. Co-ordinates of the ORP and all slots (listed relative to ORP). . A complementary listing of Proximity Data (as described in Section 5. A copy of the directional and surveying requirements of the Well Programme will be forwarded to the rig or to the Directional Contractor before the commencement of directional operations.5) complete with the data below: Well Name. North Reference.8.8.2.A. On a platform this will normally include all the slots. The D&CM will be required by signature to approve the Well Programme before its distribution.3. Directional Contractor Name. 3. ‘checked by’. The Directional Well Programme will conform to Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates procedures as outlined in this manual. The following data will be included on spider plots: • • • • • Well Name. Directional Contractor Name. Scale. 1cm = 1m may be required for surface casing but 1 = 25m may be required to show all wells on the platform to TD).p.9.ARPO ENI S. Field Name.3) will be supplied with all Spider Plots as required. ‘checked by’ and ‘authorised by’ with dates and signatures. Agip Division 3. DIRECTIONAL WELL PROGRAMME The SDE will be responsible for ensuring the accuracy of the directional plan information and will perform a review of the directional well programme before its inclusion into the Well Programme. Spider Plot IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 19 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 A scale horizontal plan view of all well bores that are considered to be potential collision risks is required. Any procedures which do not meet the standards of the Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates policies will be fully discussed and a separate approval will be required from the D&CM before proceeding with the programme. The ROU will be indicated for each well-bore at the same TVD where practical. Field Name. and ‘ ‘authorised by’ with dates and signatures. Scale Authorisation box indicating ‘drawn by’.

Potential drilling problems will be discussed.3) With expectations of performance Any non-standard equipment to be used in the drilling assemblies. based on previous experience Where justified. a projected torque and drag profile will be included in the well programme It will be indicated if the mud type or properties has a bearing on directional or survey considerations Limitations due to directional drilling requirements will be highlighted. if any Actual depths will be based on the Final Well Plan Drilling Assemblies and BHA (Optional) Optional Special Equipment (Optional) Previous Experience Torque/Drag Analysis (Optional) Mud Programme Drilling Parameters Finalised Casing Programme .ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 20 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Topics which will be contained in the Well Programme are: Surveying Requirements These must be specified for each section of the well and meet the minimum requirements as specified in table 4.f and (Type of tools and table 4.A.p.g surveying frequency) Anti-Collision Analysis Proximity calculations as outlined in Section 5. (Refer to Section 5.3 corresponding to each of the Spider Plots used. The limitations of equipment to be used should be specified if it has a bearing on operations Recommendations based on previous experience will be included to help maximise operational efficiency. A summary of the closest approach depth and distance for each well of concern will be included in the Well Programme.

reviews and amendments to the Directional Well Programme should be carried out to conform with the actual situation. If any significant changes are required to the directional well programme as a result of the pre-spud meeting. logistics and material supply along with any other relevant aspects are expected to be raised. Agip Division 3. in the same manner as used for the Well Programme itself. If a Directional Contractor Technical Supervisor is provided.10. otherwise a Contractor Directional Operator will be delegated. KOP. a formal programme amendment will be drafted and approved. If any points are raised which have a particular impact on the directional well programme they. The purpose of the meeting prior the beginning of a well is to discuss the directional well programme with emphasis on aspects which require to be discussed in greater depth than normal on a well programme.A. a pre-spud meeting will be held between Eni-Agip Division or Affiliates and the Drilling Contractor and any of the relevant service contractors involved. technical meetings will be held between Eni-Agip Division or Affiliates personnel and the Directional Contractor. in a development platform. The purpose of the pre-spud meeting is to discuss the well programme. Important amendments should be assessed during the technical meetings (e. Drilling Superintendent and Directional Contractor. with emphasis on important operational or safety issues. . The directional well programme will be reviewed at the meeting and the operational requirements and conditions will be discussed.11. 3. Amendments will be approved as stated in Section 3. after CP wash out and Gyro survey records). PRE-SPUD MEETING IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 21 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Prior to the beginning of a well. TECHNICAL MEETINGS Prior to the beginning of a well and during the course of operations. Aspects of the well programme that require amendment are expected to be raised and resolved before drilling operations proceed. In addition to technical aspects. Both Eni-Agip Division or Affiliates and its contractors will take this opportunity to emphasise particular issues which concern them. will be subsequently discussed by the SDE. If any changes are required to the directional well programme it will be amended before the commencement of the well or the commencement of the hole section concerned. organisation. It is responsibility of the Drilling Superintendent or his delegate (normally the SDE) to organise and chair the pre-spud meeting . In the course of operations.p.g. A technical meeting should be held to assess possible changes of ORP. he must attend the meeting.3 It is the responsibility of the Drilling Superintendent or his delegate (normally the Senior Drilling Engineer) to organise the technical meeting.ARPO ENI S. etc.

reaming.1.g. or from TD to surface for onshore wells.4. The prime reasons for specifying a well surveying procedure are to: • • • • • Accurately determine the well path position versus previously drilled wells for proximity purposes and permit timely corrective action. at least. Reference North Is the TRUE (Geographic) North. . Surveying tool selection will be based on the anti-collision requirements. the lowest hydrocarbon bearing zone using the minimum guidelines specified in this section.2.2. 133/8" shoe till TD . surveying equipment accuracy.g.2.NSG.1. Several surveys tied together (concatenated) may be required to provide the definitive survey of the well e. e. All exploration wells will be surveyed from the surface conductor shoe to TD also using the minimum guidelines specified in this section.2.A. SURVEYING POLICY OBJECTIVES All development wells will be surveyed from the wellhead to.Ferranti FINDS. Accurately determine the well path position in the event a relief well is required. Survey accuracy objectives will be specified for each well. e. plug back and re-drill. well shut in. This will be the zero point on the horizontal well plan used to plot the well while drilling (Refer to Section 3. target size and depth. it is the datum to be used for the horizontal coordinates (latitude and departure). It is the reference for azimuth measurements and for the plotting of well co-ordinates . 4. plug back and re-drill.ARPO ENI S. a BHA change or correction run if required. from surface to 133/8" casing shoe .3. 4.g. Accurately determine the well bore position versus the planned profile and permit timely corrective action. Determine dogleg severity and permit timely corrective action. e. DEFINITIONS Definitive Survey Is the definitive or final survey which is obtained from the most accurate survey tool run in the hole section.2. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 22 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 4.p. Accurately determine the well position in relation to geological requirements.3) 4. 4. 4. Origin Reference Point (ORP) Is the origin point of the well to be drilled. correction run.g. or to mudline for offshore wells.

p.2. Magnetic Survey Tool List MSS MMS EMS MWD HD Magnetic single shot (film) Magnetic multishot Electronic magnetic multishot Measurement while drilling High resolution dipmeter 4.2.a and table 4. 4.8.2.9. It will be expressed in ‘degrees per thirty metres’ (ο/30m). This will change during the course of drilling a well as more accurate surveys may be made after completing a particular hole section. This is necessary due to the difference in location between the earth's magnetic and geographic poles. A current list of UF is given in table 4. Agip Division 4. Uncertainty Factor (UF) The UF is a coefficient. Tie-In Point (TIP) IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 23 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Is the survey station (and spatial co-ordinates) from which further surveys will be referenced.4.2. 4.7.b 4.5. Gyroscopic Survey Tool List GSS GMS SRG NSG GCT FINDS Gyro single shot (film) Gyro multishot Surface reading gyro North seeking gyro (FINDER) Guidance continuous tool Ferranti Inertial Navigation System . Magnetic Declination Is the correction which will be applied to the azimuth measurement of magnetic survey tools.2.ARPO ENI S.6. The same definition holds for the expression of build and turn rates. given in metres per thousand metres. Foresight Reference (FR) Is the reference azimuth based on TRUE North which will be used for aligning gyro based survey tools when they are run. that reflects the increase in radius of uncertainty of the well path with depth and depends only on the type of survey instrument.2. surveyed. 4. It will normally depend on the surveyed rig heading as supplied by the rig positioning contractor. They are reviewed and updated on a regular basis.2.10. 4. Dogleg Severity (DLS) Is the 3 dimensional curvature of the well bore normalised to a 30m interval.A.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 24 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Tool Type Inclination Range 0ο/10ο 10 /20 ο ο Error (M / 1.5 4.p.3 4.6 3.2 2.4 5.000M) 4 7 11 18 30 2 3.5 GSS/SRG/MS 20ο/30ο 30 /45 0 /20 ο ο ο 45ο/60ο ο 20ο/30ο NSG/GCT FINDS 30 /45 0 /90 0 /10 MSS/MMS ο ο ο ο ο 40ο/60ο ο ο 10ο/20ο 20 /30 45 /60 0 /10 EMS ο ο ο 30ο/45ο ο 60ο/80ο ο 10ο/20ο 20ο/30ο 30 /45 60 /90 10 /20 MWD 30 /45 45 /60 ο ο ο ο ο ο 45ο/60ο ο 0ο/10ο ο 20ο/30ο ο ο 60ο/90ο Table 4.A .5 15.Survey Tool Horizontal Uncertainty Factor .6 0.6 3.ARPO ENI S.A.2 2.3 6.5 9 13 20 45 55 60 2 2.5 7.5 10.3 8.

4.7 7.5 3.3.7 5.A. .ARPO ENI S.2 2. SURVEYING RESPONSIBILITIES The SDE will ensure that Directional Contractor personnel is supplied with the data required to perform the surveying operations at the rigsite.5 5.7 3. and changes in ORPs to the rig site and the Directional Contractor as required during the drilling operation.3 17.B .8 Table 4.5 2.6 If surveying is subcontracted entirely to the Directional Contractor he will maintain prime responsibility for the provision of surveying services to contract requirements.000M) 0. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 25 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Tool Type FINDS Inclination Range 0ο/90ο 0ο/10ο 10ο/20ο 20ο/30ο 30ο/45ο 45ο/60ο 60ο/80ο 0ο/10ο 10ο/20ο 20ο/30ο 30ο/45ο 45ο/60ο Magnetic Gyro Error (M / 1. FRs.3 2.3) The SDE will be responsible for providing documented confirmation of TIPs. The rig site DSR will be responsible for confirming that surveying tools have been run within the specified Quality Control procedures outlined in Section 4.5 10 15. The (ORP) of the well will be confirmed by the SDE during the well planning phase (Refer to Section 3.Survey Tools Vertical Uncertainty Factor 4.p.

The specification is given in terms of a coefficient in m/1. Minimum Surveying Programme The basic surveying requirements for vertical and deviated wells are outlined in table 4. Gyro survey output does not need to be corrected for magnetic declination. This represents the current minimum Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates requirement for well surveying programmes and will be exceeded if conditions warrant. Magnetic declination must be specified.4. This will normally not be more than 30m.p.000m.2. 4. Survey Calculation Method Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates standard survey calculation method will be Minimum Radius of Curvature. Approved Surveying Tools The approved tools for surveying well bores are listed in the definitions Section 4.A. 4.2.1.5. .3.4. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 26 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 SURVEYING REQUIREMENTS General Surveying Requirements: • • • • • • • All magnetic surveys will have to be reported after being corrected for magnetic declination.1 will be required to calculate and fully evaluate well survey data.4.4. 4. ensure that magnetic declination is considered while aligning.2. This applies to MWD and survey tools.4. Survey Tool Uncertainty The horizontal and vertical error of survey tools will be documented for future reference. 4. The depth of a survey is the survey instrument depth not the bit depth.4. Software Capabilities The software package described in Section 3.4. For other surveys.a for horizontal and table 4.4. To confirm the bottom hole location the dipmeter can be used as it can survey down to around 5m from TD if hole conditions allow. For drilling purposes ‘depth’ will always be quoted as drilled depth and not confused with wireline depth. The current values are given in table 4.g(deviated). Agip Division 4. provided surveys are taken with the frequency detailed in the surveying procedure. Bottom hole location will be extrapolated from the last survey.ARPO ENI S.10. Azimuth will be referenced to true North.9 and 4.b for vertical wells 4.f(vertical) and table 4. This method is considered the most accurate representation of well bore position.

10.A.4.4. The values displayed in table 4.9.4.ARPO ENI S. An example calculation is shown for reference in Section 5.p. 4.11. Gyro based surveys do not require a correction. Tie-In Points Continuous survey instruments will have a specified station to be used as a tie-in point for subsequent data. These values are given in metres per thousand metres of hole surveyed and will be revised as required. Measurement System The system of units to be used will be specified by the Contractor and approved by Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates. This requires magnetic based surveys to be corrected for magnetic declination. Exceptions are indicated in Section 4.7. Vertical Uncertainty Factors Vertical errors are generally smaller than horizontal errors and do not require consideration unless hole inclination is above 70ο from horizontal.4. . The comparison of the inclination and azimuth versus depth (‘T’ charts) permits the determination of the average difference between instruments.4.34 4. 4.b can be used in the calculation of the vertical position uncertainty of survey tools.9. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 27 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Accuracy Comparison Methods Data from different survey instruments will be compared in one of two ways: • • The horizontal distance between points versus the number of metres surveyed permits comparisons with expected uncertainty factors. Generally it will be the deepest survey station of the run.8. These values are given in metres per thousands metres of hole surveyed and will be revised as required. Horizontal Uncertainty Factors The values displayed in table 4. 4.a will be used in the calculation of the horizontal position uncertainty of survey tools.6. 4. Agip Division 4. Azimuth Reference All survey data reported to Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates will be required to have azimuths pre-corrected to TRUE North.4.

Magnetic declination at the rig-site location. the date used for the calculation will be an estimated mid-point for the drilling operation period. L'origine riferimento non è stata trovata. Rigsite Directional Data Requirement There will be a pre-requisite data requirement to calculate and plot the correct well bore position at rig-site. Target co-ordinates with respect to Geographical.12. The following data will be supplied to the directional drilling contractor via the Projected Well Plot and Well Programme (as specified in Sections Errore. if applicable (SDE to provide documented confirmation).4.4. UTM. Since it is a time based measurement. Subsequent surveys will require the re-calculation of magnetic declination if taken more than six months after the well is drilled.13.A. UTM. The most recent approved tie-in point. UTM . Slot location co-ordinates with respect to Geographical. Magnetic Declination IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 28 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 The magnetic declination will be individually calculated for each new well location. 4.p. and 3. Projected Well Plots as required.9) before directional operations commence: • • • • • • ORP co-ordinates with respect to Geographical. Agip Division 4.ARPO ENI S. .

A. Table 4.ARPO ENI S. measurement of borehole position while drilling is required.C . Requires on-site calibration and final instrument check. Requires gyro drift check. Requires interpretation of film upon developing. SRG Single-shot Multi-shot Single-shot Multi-shot Requires conducting wireline for surface readout. Temperature limitation. NSG/GCT Requires conducting wireline. 4. Time limited by amount of film available with (GMS).1. Time limited by amount of film available with MMS. Requires conducting wireline. Agip Division 4. drop or hold angle.Survey Application For Directional Drilling Control Centre . Requires reference to determine direction.p.5. Surveying tools commonly used for directional drilling control are listed in the following table: Tool MSS/MMS MWD ST EMS Application Single-shot Multi-shot Survey while drilling Kick-off in high temperature zone Single-shot Multi-shot Requires interpretation of film upon developing. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 29 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 CONSIDERATIONS FOR SURVEY TOOL SELECTION Directional Drilling Control Controls of the wellpath is based on directional techniques involving the use of special BHA’s to build. GSS/GMS Single-shot Multi-shot Requires gyro drift check. To confirm that the well bore is achieving the desired profile.5. Requires a reference to determine direction. Limitation Temperature limitation. Temperature limitation.

p. Run after MWD to confirm results of initial survey. such as multi-well platforms or relief well drilling.A. Redundant surveys can provide an extra measure of reliability in critical well operations. Taken going into and coming out of hole. Determine the actual final position of the wellbore .5. from which a ‘benchmark’ survey can be established for the comparison of all other directional surveys taken.2. Well profile Verification IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 30 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 The objective of this survey category is to provide an accurate well bore position. Types of position verification surveys are: QC surveys Overlap surveys Reference surveys Verification surveys Final Position surveys Known values of magnetic dip angle and field strength are employed as a ‘check’ to confirm survey data collected.ARPO ENI S. Used to establish the ‘benchmark’ against which all subsequent survey data is compared. Agip Division 4.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 31 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Surveying tools commonly used for position verification are listed in the following table: Tool MSS/MMS Application MWD verification Inclination only Toolface Well profile GSS/GMS MWD toolface Well profile NSG Well profile Multi shot survey Redundant survey SRG MWD toolface Well profile EMS Well profile Use Verifying inclination and direction of MWD. SRG used through casing after well is drilled using MSS.ARPO ENI S. (GMS used through casing after well is drilled using MSS. Verifying toolface position in area with magnetic interference. Providing a baseline for comparison of all subsequent surveys. Completing survey on in-run and out-run for confirmation of accuracy.) Confirming of MSS / MMS or MWD after casing is set.p. Establishing check for MWD or ST readings. Confirming well path or orientation when high horizontal accuracy is required. 105/8” OD tool limits use to large size casing only.Survey Application For Well Profile Verification FINDS Surface survey . GSS can verify toolface position in area with magnetic interference.D . Checking of the well path after casing is set.A. Defining well bore path at a given depth. Limited to 31/2 hr memory only. Table 4. Confirming MSS/MMS or Steering Tool. Checking of the well path after casing is set. Checking inclination of surface hole section before setting casing.

either. Operations requiring tool orientation include. true or grid North. setting packers in cased hole. positioning whipstocks for side tracking and aligning perforating guns. Orientation Surveys IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 32 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Orientation surveys may be required in operations which require determination of the known direction.A.p.3. Surveying tools commonly used for position verification are listed in the following table: MAGNETIC TOOLS MSS Bent subs Jetting device Bent subs MMS Jetting device Orienting Coring Bent subs jetting device Bent subs Orienting Coring Table 4. Agip Division 4.ARPO ENI S.5. related to. aligning bent subs on a downhole motors.Survey Application For Orientation SRG/NSG GSS/GMS GYRO TOOLS Whipstock Packers Templates Whipstock Packers Templates Perforating gun ST EMS .E . running jetting devices.

ARPO ENI S. in any situation. High pressure reservoirs In an isolated deviated well. The accuracy of the surveying tools used on a well will be such that the total horizontal uncertainty at target depth is reasonable compared to the target size. This may require additional surveys (e. Potential drilling problems Differential sticking problems precludes the use of wireline based surveys with drillpipe in open hole (GSS.A. Temperature Limitation Well Proximity Maximum borehole temperature must be within specification for the survey tools proposed for the programme.g. GMS or SRG will be run in the previous casing to establish minimum uncertainty before drilling through a high pressure zone (in case of a blow out and a relief well is required). GMS and SRG is 70Ο (stability limit). Template/platform wells which are drilled in the neighbourhood of other wells must maintain a minimum separation with respect to the other wells. MSS and EMS). The most accurate tools (FINDS or NSG) may be necessary for minimum uncertainty in critical situations. as the prime source of well location calculations when within 8m of any adjacent casing string. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 33 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 General notes for survey tool selection : Maximum inclination Casing size Survey depth Hole inclination Survey accuracy requirement will differ between vertical and deviated wells. FINDS inertial surveying system can be run only in 133/8" casing or larger. GSS will not be run deeper than 400m due to excessive drift rates Maximum inclination for GSS. SRG. Survey Accuracy Magnetic Influence Target Size and Depth . NSG in drill pipe) more often than with individual wells. A more accurate tool (NSG/GCT) may be used for accuracy improvement. Installations will be most crowded immediately below the platform/template and will require greater survey accuracy to fix well bore locations. The smaller and the deeper the target the more stringent the survey requirements.p. Magnetic based surveying instruments will not be used.

Magnetic azimuth values will be considered invalid when the survey instrument is within 8m of an adjacent casing shoe: NMDC Requirements Magnetic instruments must be run inside a sufficient length of NMDC.ARPO ENI S. provision will be made to run a gyro based survey tool on top of the MWD. the length of NMDC can be determined using graphs from Drilling Procedures Manual (Refer to the Directional Drilling sub-section on ‘Magnetic Surveys’).6. is recommended to be taken in each hole section below the casing shoe in magnetically free environments at the first opportunity. A shallow depth functional test of the tool in the string will be performed on each trip into the hole. Magnetic Single Shot & Electronic Multi Shot In absence of any local Affiliates procedures.1.A. or Directional Contractor requirements. or reference survey. .6. Ferrous steel stabilisers are unacceptable. a benchmark. 4. Stabilisers Non-magnetic stabilisers will be the only type permitted for use between NMDC's. or Directional/Surveying Contractor requirements refer use from suggestions made in the Drilling Procedures Manual (Refer to the Directional Drilling sub-section on ‘Magnetic Surveys’). or Directional Contractor requirements.p. In absence of any local Affiliates procedures. Survey repeatability should be within 0. This permits a comparison survey at this point when running into the hole with subsequent MWD tools. the length of NMDC can be determined using graphs from Drilling Procedures Manual (Refer to the Directional Drilling sub-section on ‘ Magnetic surveys’). Compass Spacing In absence of any local Affiliates procedures. In directional wells.5ο inclination and 2ο azimuth (above 10ο inclination). Agip Division 4. QUALITY CONTROL (QC) IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 34 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Magnetic Survey Tools (at Rig-site) All magnetic tools will be run in non-magnetic BHA environments. MWD tools will be capable of transmitting data to surface indicating the presence of magnetic interference or data which can be processed at surface (also indicating the presence of magnetic interference). Measurement While Drilling When magnetic influence is expected from adjacent casing (or when the well is separated less than 8m horizontally from an adjacent casing string).

(Refer to Section 4. Time elapsed between two drift checks must not exceed 15min. A cluster shot will be required while surveying with SRG to establish an accurate measurement if using a bent sub assembly. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 35 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 A check survey will be taken immediately off bottom before starting a new bit run for comparison with the previous run. It will be necessary in some situations.25ο.6. Drift rate will not exceed 10ο/hr. This is called a ‘cluster shot’ or a ‘rotational shot’.5ο for inclination and 5. Corrections will be made for the drift workrate (the natural precession of the gyro with time) in non ‘North Seeking’ gyro tools: Gyro Single Shot The landing slug will be checked to confirm seating on each run. . INRUN/OUTRUN azimuth must agree to within 1. when using a bent sub BHA.ARPO ENI S.2. Gyroscopic Survey Tools (at Rig-site) Gyroscopic tools require accurate alignment of the instrument on the foresight/reference azimuth.p. GSS will not be run below 400m. The tie-in point will be the deepest reported surveys station from the previous hole section.0ο for an inclination greater than 10ο and within 5ο for an inclination lower than 10ο.0ο for azimuth. Time elapsed between two drift checks will not exceed 15min.2.5) Care must be taken in vertical or low inclination holes for the proper centralisation of the instrument. Gyro Multi Shot Surface Reading Gyro The landing slug will be checked to confirm seating on each run. to make a series of surveys with various orientations at one depth to establish an accurate measurement. especially in large diameter casing. The tie-in point will be the last surveys station from the INRUN. Repeat surveys at the same point and orientation must agree within 0. 4.A. North Seeking Gyro INRUN/OUTRUN inclination must agree to within 0.

p.5. As a method of assurance the service company should include a check list of checks carried outwith the presentation of the survey results to the SDE.A. 4.2ο/hr. INRUN/OUTRUN inclination will agree within 0. fixed and 1min. in deviated hole above 20ο inclination.6.800m/hr. In-House Quality Control The quality assurance procedures of the surveying company (including MWD) should be requested at the beginning of a contract. Ferranti Inertial Survey Tool Recommended running speed will be 75m/min If the running speed falls below 25m/min the run will be aborted. the rig site checks before during and after the survey run and the subsequent follow up checks when the tool is returned to the service companies base. (inclination<10ο) increasing to 4. 4. The tie-in point will be the best fit of the last 4-5 surveys from the INRUN.3. Agip Division 4.4. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 36 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Schlumberger ‘Guidance Continuous Tool The maximum running speed is 1. transit intervals.6. Successive FINDS surveys on the same well must agree within 2metres per thousand metre of measured hole depth.ARPO ENI S. The tool will be run with alternate 1min. INRUN/OUTRUN results must agree within 1metre per thousand metre of measured hole depth. The tie-in point will be the third last station from bottom from the INRUN. . INRUN/OUTRUN azimuth will agree within 1ο for inclinations over 10ο. These would include the bench mark checks that take place prior to the tool being shipped.6. These should be evaluated and if any points of concern are raised.500m/hr. Details of any rig site checks should be passed on to the Drilling Supervisor by the SDE. a plan should be agreed between Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates and the service company for the alteration of procedures to avoid any further QC concerns.25ο. Drift checks will be required at each end of the survey and will not exceed 0.

If anti-collision is a critical concern the NSG/GCT or the FINDS will be used. if economically and technically justified.7. The FINDS tool is the most accurate survey tool available.A. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 37 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 SURVEY PROGRAMME FOR VERTICAL HOLES table 4. In cased holes GMS is the standard. MSS will be run as the survey tool of choice. TOTCO will be acceptable only on surface holes if inclination is less then 1. if economically and technically justified. cased hole surveys may be omitted (if it is not dictated by local condition. If MWD is used at the recommended frequency and the wellpath is clear of other wells.ARPO ENI S. SURVEY PROGRAMME FOR DEVIATED HOLES table 4. TOTCO will be unacceptable at any stage of the well.p. MWD will be run as the survey tool of choice. Survey intervals will be reduced as necessary to meet the anti-collision policy as described in Section 5 or if drilling conditions dictate. MWD is the standard. Survey tool requirement will be dictated by collision risks assessment Survey frequencies are a minimum guideline. If MWD is used at the recommended frequency and the wellpath is clear of other wells. Survey frequencies of vertical phases of individual deviated wells will be reduced at the same value utilised for vertical wells. legislation or third parties). MSS is the standard. cased hole surveys may be omitted (if it is not dictated by local condition. 4.5ο. Agip Division 4. Survey intervals will be reduced as necessary to meet anti-collision policy as described in Section 5 or if drilling conditions dictate. Survey tool requirement will be dictated by collision risks assessment. . All surveys require an azimuth and an inclination measurement.aG outlines the standard minimum survey programme for directional wells. Platform planning is greatly improved by its use.f outlines the standard minimum survey programme for vertical exploration wells. Survey frequencies are a minimum guideline.8. legislation or third parties).

ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 38 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Platform/Cluster/Template During Drilling Type of instrument Tocto 30” CP 3 Individual Wells During Drilling Type of instrument MSS 30m Toctco MWD MSS/ Toctco at shoe Frequency of instrument After Casing Set Type of instrument GMS/SRG Refer to notes GMS/SRG NSG/GCT Refer to notes GMS/SRG NSG/GCT Refer to notes GMS/SRG NSG/GCT Refer to notes GMS/SRG NSG/GCT Refer to notes GMS/SRG NSG/GCT Refer to notes Frequency of use After Casing Set Type of instrument Frequency of use Frequency of use (template) MWD MSS Bottom 20” .Frequency and Types of Surveys for Vertical Wells . May be omitted if it is not dictated by local conditions. 6.13 /8” Surface CSG 3 30m 60m 30m 150m (and each trip) 13 /8 CSG (Intermediate) MWD MSS 30m 30m MWD MSS 150m (and each trip) 9 /8 CSG 5 MWD MSS 30m 30m MWD MSS 150m (and each trip) 7” CSG MWD MSS 30m 30m MWD MSS 150m (and each trip) 5” Lin MWD MSS as required 30m MWD MSS 150m (and each trip) 1. NSG/GCT can replace GMS if high horizontal accuracy is required for anti-collision purpose. In such cases run a magnetic multi-shot prior to running the casing. all conductors should be cleaned out and gyro surveyed prior to drilling the first well. 4. legislation or third party contractors procedures and the well is clear of other wells and if good surveys (MWD) have been taken in open hole. MSS or HDT allowed below top of lowest pay zone (in open hole). 5. In hot wells there may not be enough room for the gyroheat shield. Table 4. 2. 3.A.F . FINDS to replace gyro if available. When conductors have been driven.p.

G . Can use MWD/ST/MSS/MMS when there are problems getting gyro down or when inclination is more than 70 MSS or HDT allowed below top of lowest pay zone (in open hole).5 GMS/SRG 30m 7” CSG MWD MSS 30m 30m MWD MSS 30m 60m 7 7 1.A. 7.ARPO ENI S.5 GMS/SRG 30m 5” Lin MSS/MWD HDT/MMS 3 as required 30m MWD MSS 30m 60m 7 7 1. 3. In hot wells there may not be enough room for the gyroheat shield.5 GMS/SRG 30m 9 /8 CSG 5 MWD MSS 30m 30m MWD MSS 30m 60m 7 7 1. FINDS to replace gyro if available. O Table 4. May be omitted if it is not dictated by local conditions. NSG/GCT can replace GMS if high horizontal accuracy is required for anti-collision purpose. 2. 6. In such cases run a magnetic multi-shot prior to running the casing.p. 5.13 /8” Surface CSG 3 30m 60m 30m 30m 60m 7 7 30m 13 /8 CSG (Intermediate) MWD MSS 30m 30m MWD MSS 30m 60m 7 7 1. legislation or third party contractors procedures and the well is clear of other wells and if good surveys (MWD) have been taken in open hole. For vertical phases the survey frequency shall be considered as per vertical wells (150m and each trip). 4. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 39 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Platform/Cluster/Template During Drilling Type of instrument Tocto 30” CP 3 Individual Wells During Drilling Type of instrument MSS 30m Toctco MWD MSS/ Toctco at shoe Frequency of instrument After Casing Set Type of instrument GMS/SRG Refer to notes GMS/SRG NSG/GCT Refer to notes GMS/SRG NSG/GCT Refer to notes GMS/SRG NSG/GCT Refer to notes GMS/SRG NSG/GCT Refer to notes GMS/SRG NSG/GCT Refer to notes Frequency of use After Casing Set Type of instrument 1 GMS/SRG 1 GMS/SRG 30m Frequency of use Frequency of use (template) MWD MSS Bottom 20” .Frequency and Types of Surveys for Deviated Wells .

3 below) along a projection from the last survey point to a lower depth of interest (e.3. in all cases where is a potential collision risk according to the policies outlined in this manual. Dogleg Potential (DLP) and Dogleg Severity (DLS) Every BHA run in a hole has a maximum expected dogleg capability.2.ARPO ENI S. Anti-collision procedures will be implemented. Establish a common procedure for developing multi-well sites which takes into account actual well trajectory and trajectories of already existing wells.2. .A.1. DEFINITIONS Ellipsoid of Uncertainty The Anti-Collision Model currently used by Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates is based on an Ellipsoid of Uncertainty concept which describes the location of the well bore at any depth in terms of a probability volume determined from the errors in the equipment used to survey the well.2. the most conservative probability volume at any depth is in the shape of a sphere. which has the probability of containing the well path. 5.g. TD of the section or the expected closest approach to another well). therefore the uncertainty on the location of the wellbore at any depth can be described by the ‘Radius of Uncertainty’ concept. ANTI-COLLISION PROCEDURE OBJECTIVES All development wells will be surveyed from the wellhead to. In the case of steerable assemblies it will be based on the Directional Contractor recommendation. 5. 5.2. Establish a common procedure that discriminates between interference from completed/producing wells and plugged/abandoned/uncompleted wells.2.1. at least. In the case of rotary assemblies the DLS will be based on historic performance of the assembly on the current well. the lowest hydrocarbon bearing zone using the minimum guidelines specified in this section. It is a cumulative calculation based on the product of the Horizontal Uncertainty Factor of the survey instrument used to that point and the surveyed depth to that point . the ROU will be increased by an amount depending on the ‘Dogleg Potential’ (Refer to Section 5.2 below) 5.2. In general. at a specific vertical depth. Radius of Uncertainty (ROU) The ROU is the radius of a sphere. The prime reasons for specifying an anti-collision procedure are to: • • • Ensure a consistent method is used to evaluate and reduce collision risks between wells.p. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 40 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 5. whether steerable or not.2. 5. (Refer to Section 5. In field site calculations.

2. (See figure 5.2. that reflects the increase in radius of uncertainty of the well path against depth and depends only on the type of survey instrument and on the hole inclination.7.2.A.ARPO ENI S. Agip Division 5.8. between ROU of the CW and the TW at a given vertical depth.5. (See figure 5. Centre to Centre Distance (CCD) The CCD is the distance.2.a) 5.a) 5.2.2. (See figure 5.a) . in the plane of the expected closest approach. A current list of UF is given in table 4.4.p.a) 5.9. (See figure 5. between the centres of CW and TW paths at a given vertical depth. in the plane of the expected closest approach. Separation Distance (SD) The SD is the distance. (See figure 5. Current Well (CW) The well being planned or drilled.a 5. Target Well (TW) Any well being considered for anti-collision purposes or proximity calculations.6. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 41 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Horizontal Uncertainty Factor (UF) The UF is a coefficient. given in meters per thousand meters surveyed. Separation Ratio (SR) The SR is the ratio of CCD to the sum of the ROU's.a) 5.

( CW ROU + TW ROU ) Figure 5.ARPO ENI S.A .Relationship of Well Bore Uncertainties .A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 42 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 CCD = Centre to Centre Distance ROU = RADIUS of UNCERTAINITY SD = Separation Distance CW = Current Well TW = Target Well SEPARATION RATIO ( SR ) > 1 = NO INTERFERENCE BETWEEN ROU's SEPARATION RATIO ( SR ) < 1 = INTERFERENCE BETWEEN ROU's SEPARATION RATIO ( SR ) = CCD CW ROU + TW ROU SEPARATION DISTANCE (SD ) = CCD .p.

8 1.A .000 100.45 1. at any depth.9 1.25 1.25 Coefficient C 2.p. the condition SR = 1 At any depth defines the distance of potential collision.b: Curve A: Threshold of separation Is the curve where.5 Threshold of danger Is the curve where.5 1. the condition SR = coefficient B Usually coefficient. C = 2 Field of danger The field between Curve C and Curve B Field of alert The field between Curve B and Curve A Field of Potential Collision The field delimited by Curve A Curve B: Curve C: Zone X: Zone Y: Zone Z: The values of coefficients B and C could be reduced on the basis of a probabilistic analysis of the occurrence of potential well collision situations.50 1. at any depth.35 1.ARPO ENI S.5 Table 5.A.6 1.40 1. The Uncertainty Area Ratio (UAR) concept could be used to evaluate the probability of the occurrence of potential well collision situations.000 40.000 >120.7 1. at any depth.000 80. Threshold of alert Is the curve where.000 60.30 1. B = 1.000 Coefficient B 1. condition SR = coefficient C Usually coefficient. UAR = where: CWOD = TWOD = 2 (CWROU)2 + (TWROU)2 [ [(CWOD) 2 + (TWOD ) 2 ] ] the outside diameter of the current well the outside diameter of the target well In the following table is reported an example of reduction of the coefficients to determinate the threshold of alert and the threshold of danger (previously indicated as ‘Coefficient B ‘ and ‘Coefficient C’) on the basis of UAR value : UAR < 20.000 120.Example of Reduction of Coefficients . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 43 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Definitions for figure 5. The UAR is the ratio of the sum of the two Uncertainty Area to the sum of the two hole sizes.0 1.

p.A.ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 44 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Figure 5.Well Proximity Evaluation .B .

5. maximum Dogleg Potential (inso/30m) will be translated as follows into an addition to the ROU of the Current Well for each 30m drilled [ = sine (DLP) x 50]: Maximum Dogleg Potential 1°/30m 2°/30m 3°/30m 4°/30m 5°/30m Additional ROU/30m 0.34m Table 5. will be added to the applicable ROU. The projection will be made on CW accounting for the expected closest approach to the TWs.2.3.1 will be required to calculate and fully evaluate well survey data.Maximum Dogleg Potential versus Addition to ROU The intervals where the separation is planned to be less than the threshold of danger (zone X) or the threshold of alert (zone Y). Agip Division 5.3.07m 1.4. when the projected dogleg is unknown or cannot be extrapolated for certain) an additional uncertainty factor due to the maximum Dogleg Potential of the assembly.55m 0. it will be possible to assume a trend based on a maximum Dogleg Potential of the assembly in a desired direction. With steerable assemblies. Projection Technique (with Rotary Assemblies) Evaluating the collision risk of the CW invariably involves a forward projection to account for expected drilling assembly behaviour below the last survey point. For projection purposes. Worst Case Projection Technique In the worst case condition (e.g. is to be attached for each identified zone.3. .27m 0. will be reported (specifying Vertical depths and Measured depths) in the Well Programme and in the Directional Well Plan before directional drilling operations commence.3.c. The projection will be made on CW accounting for the expected closest approach of the TWs.3.B . Projection Technique (with Steerable Assemblies) Evaluating the collision risk of the CW invariably involves a forward projection to account for expected drilling assembly behaviour below the last survey point. 5. like the one shown in figure 5. It is recommended that a graphical representation.3. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 45 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 ANTI-COLLISION REQUIREMENTS Software Capabilities The software package previously described in Section 3.ARPO ENI S.4.A. 5.1.p. 5. The trend observed in the final surveys of a rotary assembly will be used to establish the expected trajectories.79m 1.

Uncertainty Area Ratio . 0 1000 VERTICAL DEPTH (m) 2000 3000 4000 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 AGO 29 .AGO 17 AGO 17 . especially for older wells. should be checked for potential errors. There may be a more recent survey of the wellhead location than is quoted on the original survey data. Magnetic based surveying instruments will not be used as the prime source of CW location calculation within 8m of any TW (centre to centre distance).p. if any.A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 46 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 The original wellhead co-ordinates and elevations.C . between the two must be assessed and the necessary recalculation of the data performed. A gyro based surveying tool will be used as the primary survey instrument until magnetically calculated azimuths agree with the gyro tool .AGO 29 Figure 5. The difference.ARPO ENI S.

Anti-collision procedures will apply. . Spacing of wells for the surface vertical phases will not be subjected to SR < 1 limit. The slot allocations will account for final target displacement and direction.4. If crossing of trajectories is unavoidable. Points to be considered are: • • • • • • • Well to slot allocation should avoid crossing of well trajectories whenever possible. Agip Division 5. in case drilling is planned/performed from a multiwell site where production from adjacent wells is on going or during any production while drilling activity. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 47 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 CONSIDERATIONS IN PLANNING A NEW MULTI-WELL SITE The allocation of ‘wells to slot’ from a multi-well site will be planned in order to limit potential well collision situations. The kick-off points of wells will be spaced vertically depending on final target displacement. for the surface vertical phase. Larger displacement wells will be kicked off at shallower depths whenever possible. in case drilling is planned/performed from a multiwell site where all the surface phases have to be drilled subsequently at once time.A.p. The drilling order of wells will be such that the eventual shut-in time requirement of adjacent wells is kept to a minimum.ARPO ENI S. Higher displacement wells will be drilled from the outer slots whenever possible. the tangent section on both wells should be achieved while drilling whenever possible.

8) Planning and drilling with separation falling in the zone Z is unacceptable under any circumstance. (Refer to Section 1.8) The DSR (rig-site) will be responsible for suspending drilling operations immediately when the separation is projected to fall within zone Y (or is projected to fall within zone Z if it was allowed within zone Y). Approval will be required from the D&CM to proceed drilling.76) The Eni-Agip Division or Affiliates SDE will confirm anti-collision calculations made at the rig-site on a survey by survey basis when the separation is inferior to the threshold of danger (i. relevant anti-collision analysis have been performed. timing and responsibilities of other Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates departments in suspending the appropriate TWs and will be included in the well programme for the CW. The SDE will prepare a contingency plan for plugging the appropriate TWs.A. Dispensations will require approval by the D&CM and must be clearly stated and documented. Directional Well Plans in which trajectories fall into zone X is only allowed when the target well (TW) has been properly plugged.76. Planning the CW. drilling will be alerted and the SDE will prepare a recommendation for plugging the necessary TW(s) as stated in Section 5.5. f) g) h) i) j) k) l) m) n) . If the separation is projected to fall within the zone X during drilling operations.7) Planning directional wells in which trajectories fall into the zone Y are not allowed as a part of normal procedure. While drilling within zone X to assure adequate quality and frequency of the surveys.p. When the separation is projected to fall within zone X. before drilling operations proceed.1.8).e. Agip Division 5.ARPO ENI S. Proximity calculation and projection are conducted regularly at the wellsite while drilling the CW in order to confirm the CW position within zone X.5.3). (Refer to Section 5. The DS will responsible for implementing the appropriate corrective actions as approved by the D&CM before drilling operations proceed. drilling operations will be stopped (Refer to Section 5. (Refer to Section 5. during the well planning stage and will prepare necessary recommendation according to the following guideline: • • • • d) e) The TW directional data must be of reliable source and quality. the Drilling Supervisor (rigsite) will be responsible to ensure appropriate action is taken to shut-in the TWs. Documented approval will be required from the D&CM for corrective procedures before drilling is allowed to proceed. MWD will be used. (Refer to Sections 1. The contingency plan will specify procedures.3 and 5. (Refer to Section 5. when this has not been planned. be within zone X). 5. If the separation is projected to fall within zone Y during drilling operations. The SDE will define any CWs falling within zone X. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 48 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 ANTI-COLLISION RESPONSIBILITIES Planning Wells (with interference between existing producing/completed wells and new wells) a) b) c) The D&CM will have overall responsibility for the maintenance of safe operations while drilling in proximity to other wells.

suspended or an uncompleted well. (Refer to Sections 1. During the well planning stage. drilling will be stopped. (Refer to Section 5.8) The DSR (rig-site) will be responsible for suspending drilling operations immediately when the separation is projected to fall within zone Z. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 49 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Planning Wells (with interference between existing. The DS will responsible for implementing the appropriate corrective actions as approved by the D&CM before drilling operations proceed.5. Proximity calculation and projection are conducted regularly at the wellsite while drilling the CW in order to confirm the CW position within the zone Y. If the separation is projected to fall within zone Y during drilling operations.2.ARPO ENI S.8) f) g) h) i) . the SDE will define any CWs falling within the zone Y and will prepare necessary recommendation according to the following guideline: • • • • e) The TW directional data must be of reliable source and quality. relevant anti-collision analysis have been performed. MWD will be used.3 and 5. Planning new wells within zone Y is allowed when the target well (TW) is a plugged and abandoned. While drilling within zone Y to assure adequate quality and frequency of the surveys. where this has not been planned. If the separation is projected to fall within zone Z during drilling operations.p. Planning and drilling with separation falling in the zone Z is unacceptable under any circumstance. non completed/P&A wells and new wells) a) b) c) d) The D&CM will have overall responsibility for the maintenance of safe operations while drilling in proximity to other wells. Planning the CW.A.e. Agip Division 5. The Eni-Agip Division or Affiliates SDE will confirm anti-collision calculations made at the rig-site on a survey by survey basis when the separation is inferior to the threshold of alert (i. Documented approval is required from the D&CM for corrective procedures before drilling is allowed to proceed. within zone Y). drilling will be alerted and the SDE will prepare recommendations for drilling procedures as stated before.

6. After Installation of the plug. Plug the well and side-track at a depth where the well can be safely redrilled.5. b) Operations will only resume after the proposed corrective actions have been approved by the D&CM. within zone X) above the sub-surface safety valve (SSSV) depth less 30m. SUSPENSION OF CURRENT WELL (when separation is in zone y or in zone z) The following procedure will apply at all times when separation. outside zone X) and increasing steadily. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 50 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 PLUGGING OF COMPLETED TARGET WELLS (when separation is in zone x) The following procedure will apply at all times when the well programme calls for a separation less than the threshold of danger (within zone X) or the separation is projected to fall within zone X: a) Any TW which separation is projected to be less than the threshold of danger (i.7.e.e. the Drilling and Completion Supervisor will be advised and drilling of the CW will be stopped.5.e.p. Target Wells will be only brought on line when the separation is greater than the threshold of danger (i.A.ARPO ENI S. must have the SSSV closed and the well de-pressurised. Agip Division 5.2 (See figure 5.e. within zone X) below the SSSV depth less 30m compared to the planned CW.e. Any TW which separation is projected to be less than the threshold of danger (i. b) c) d) 5. A well planned or drilled with separations less than the threshold of separation (i. within zone Y) or less than the threshold of danger (within zone Z) depending if the CW is drilled in accordance with Sections 5.f) a) When the separation to any TW is projected to be less than the applicable threshold. all TW pressures will be bled down to zero. The SDE will formulate a plan of action after considering the following options: • • • c) d) Re-survey the CW and/or TW with a more accurate survey tool to reduce its ROU and increase the projected separation to an acceptable level. within zone Z) is unacceptable under any circumstance. .1 or 5. is projected to be less than the threshold of alert (i. is to be plugged at least 150m below the lowest depth in zone X for the TW. while drilling. or circulated to the appropriate kill weight fluid before drilling commences on the CW. Make a trip to alter the well-path of the CW with an orientable (bent sub or steerable system) BHA to increase the projection of separation ratio to an acceptable level.

actions will be implemented accordingly agreed with the Contractor. When proximity is critical with a steerable assembly. The following precautions will be observed when CWs are within zone X or zone Y depending on the type of TW (in accordance with Sections 5. Proximity calculations will be done at regular intervals depending on the risk of collision but. . Whenever possible use PDC bits instead of tricone bits. the MWD will be placed on top of mud motor to ensure the survey is as close as possible to the bit. will be monitored regularly for the presence of cement or gas. Proximity calculations and projections are to be performed on each survey. drilling torque or other irregularities. Only the most experienced Directional Contractor personnel will be utilised when proximity situations are expected to be of concern during drilling operations.p. at least twice daily while drilling.6). WELL-SITE PROCEDURES 1) 2) IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 51 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) Magnetic based surveying instruments will not be used as the prime source of CW location calculation within 8m of any TW (centre to centre distance). in any case. When there is any doubt about the accuracy of a magnetic based survey. Mud returns. A ditch magnet will be installed on the flowline and monitored regularly for abnormal presence of metal tailings. Agip Division 5. When magnetic influence is suspected. The Contractor Directional Operator will be present on the drill floor at all times to monitor drilling parameters. The drilling operation will proceed with due caution and particular attention being paid to sudden changes in ROP.8. Well control drills will be intensified. Wherever practicable. A stock of at least 70 m3 of drilling mud should be available for emergency filling up.5 or 5.ARPO ENI S. gyro surveys will be run to check the magnetic surveys until such time as the magnetic and gyro survey tool azimuths agree within 2ο azimuth for at least two or more consecutive surveys. The drilling operation will proceed at a controlled ROP to reduce the potential for damage should a collision occur. it will be double checked with a gyro based tool before drilling ahead. Unless required for directional control. the use of drilling motors will be avoided while drilling in this situation. The DS will ensure that the most experienced personnel will be assigned for the tasks outlined above (as recommended by the Contractor Directional Supervisor). If motor use is unavoidable then a low torque motor will be the preferred option. The DS will be notified immediately when any indications of collision are suspected or observed.A. the annuli on TW's will be pressured up and monitored regularly for sudden changes in pressure. If drilling conditions call for additional personnel to cover 24hrs basis service.

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 52 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Figure 5.A.p.D.ARPO ENI S.Anti-Collision Responsibilities (when there is Interference Between Existing Completed/Productive Wells and New Wells) .

p.E .A.ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 53 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Figure 5.Anti-Collision Responsibilities (when there is Interference Between Existing Non Completed/Plugged & Abandoned Wells and New Wells) .

Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 54 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Figure 5.F .A.ARPO ENI S.p.Anti-Collision during Well Suspension .

Figure 5.p.900m TVD of CW the separation is 106m. etc. In the following table are the reported calculation inputs and outputs for a typical report form.) MWD. Column 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 Heading VD MD Hole Diameter Inclination Angle Survey Type Tool Horizontal Uncertainty Factor Radius of Uncertainty MD Hole Diameter Inclination Angle Survey Type Tool Horizontal Uncertainty Factor 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Note Radius of Uncertainty Curve A Curve B Curve C Uncertainty Area Ratio Coef.C .134.Proximity Calculation . The current well (CW) is Agostino 29. etc. B Curve C using Coef. B Coef.ARPO ENI S. for the TW (m/1. that is less than the threshold of danger .a) Separation (m) against depth At 2800m TVD of the CW. due to the survey tool and the hole inclination . The target well (TW) is Agostino 17.000m) TWROU (m)= [Col 8 x Col 12]/1. C Well Distance Description Vertical Depth of CW (m) Measured Depth of CW (m) Hole diameter of CW (ins) Inclination Angle of CW at that depth (deg.a) Coef. Table 5.AGOSTINO 17) is the graphical representation of the example.000m) CWROU (m)= [Col 2 x Col 5]/1.000 Measured Depth of TW (m) Hole diameter of TW (ins) Inclination Angle of TW at that depth (deg. Horizontal Uncertainty Factor. of the threshold of alert (See notes to figure 5. of the threshold of danger (See notes to figure 5.3m. 107.) MWD.000 Threshold of separation (m)= [Col 7 + Col 13] Threshold of alert (m)= [Col 14 x Col 18] Threshold of danger (m) = [Col 14) x Col 19] UAR (See notes to ) Coef. Agip Division 5.A. UF due to the survey tool and hole inclination for the CW (m/1. the separation is 116 m.6m.9. C Curve B using Coef. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 55 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 EXAMPLE PROXIMITY CALCULATION In this example only two wells are considered (In multiple-well situations the procedure will be identical). At 2. that is less than the threshold of alert.7 .Well Proximity Evaluation (AGOSTINO 29 .

7 .AGOSTINO 17) .Well Proximity Evaluation (AGOSTINO 29 . Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 56 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Figure 5.A.ARPO ENI S.p.

REPORTING RESPONSIBILITIES The SDE will be responsible for the correct archival and retention of survey files and Final Reports.6.4. Definitive Surveys Is the definitive or final survey will be obtained from the most accurate survey tool run in the hole section or from TD to mudline. The reporting documentation for each well must include the standard feed back Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates forms and the Final Report of the Directional Contractor.1. supplied after the completion of the work. as detailed in Section 6. 6.2. 6. The contents are detailed in Section 6.5. The Contractor Directional Supervisor will check and approve the Final Report. A permanent record of all working surveys will be retained by both Directional Contractor and Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates. There will also be intermediate surveys taken at casing point for the purpose of providing more accurate tie-in points for the following phase of drilling. 6.2.ARPO ENI S. The D&CM and the Drilling Superintendent will be responsible for distribution and filling of Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates standard feed back forms according to the instructions attached to each form.2.p. Write protected form are suggested.A. Electronic data must be produced on floppy disks (two copies) formatted according to Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates specification.1. RECORD KEEPING OBJECTIVES All well surveys will be filed in both printed and in electronic forms as specified in Section 3. from surface to 133/8" casing shoe Ferranti FINDS. This is primarily for an accuracy check of survey instruments over the longer term.1. 133/8" shoe till TD -NSG). 6. Final Report Is the Directional Contractor generated report.5) . DEFINITIONS Working Surveys Working surveys are obtained during drilling operations from surveying tools utilised.2.3.3. 6.2. 6.2. before releasing the final copies to Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates. (Refer to Sections 6. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 57 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 6.5 and 2.g. relating to the directional and surveying of the well. The word ‘Definitive’ will not appear in any survey report other than the final concatenated definitive survey as defined by the SDE. Several surveys tied together (concatenated) may be required to provide the definitive survey of the well (e.

Reference Datum (seabed/rig floor). Magnetic Declination and North Reference. these are: Survey Calculation’s Output. The following information must be included: • • • • • • • Date. Unsatisfactory Services. The computed survey results format of survey data will be agreed previously between EniAgip Division or Affiliates SDE and the Directional Contractor.A. (Refer to Section 7. Tool type with serial number and/or ID number. IN and OUT run data.2.2) Regarding QC data. This section will also include the following data. BHA description (NMDC length and Stabiliser positioning). ARPO FB 2 ARPO FB 1 Malfunctions And Failures Of Contractor's Equipment. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 58 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 SURVEY REPORTING FORMAT Standard Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates reporting forms will be used to report all directional and surveying jobs.2. .1) Contractor Evaluation Form (Refer to Section 7. Foresight reference used for gyro alignment with indication of points used. Agip Division 6. Rotational survey data (check-shots at the same depth).ARPO ENI S. Tie in survey (on the first page of the listing only).4.p. New Equipment Test Report. Well/slot number. the Surveying Contractor's own audited QC format is acceptable. Additional Data as determined by the SDE or the surveying company which is pertinent to the survey will be included. RKB height. if applicable: • • • • • Comparison data when tandem survey tools have been used.

Casing/Hole Sizes and Depths. Target Tolerance.p. The format will be agreed by SDE and Directional Contractor Representative. RKB . BHA Performance Report The BHA performance report will contain. Reference co-ordinates of platform centre . IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 59 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 DIRECTIONAL CONTRACTOR’S FINAL REPORT The Final Report draft will be reviewed and approved by the SDE before the final copy is handed over. Well Name. Magnetic Declination.6. 6. 6. .A.1. Local and Geographic Co-ordinates with system references. Target Azimuth. SUMMARY OF OPERATION/SURVEY PROGRAMME A general overview of the directional drilling and surveying activities will be made for each phase of the well. Target TVD. Target . Uncertainty in the bottom hole location.Seabed Interval.6.UTM. Reference co-ordinates of well drilled. North Reference. Wellhead . Start Date/Finish Date.2.UTM. Agip Division 6. 6.5.6.5. Local and Geographic Co-ordinates with system references.ARPO ENI S. Definitive Survey Listing The Definitive Survey Listing should include: • • • • • Survey tool type and depth used. The Final Report provided by the Directional Contractor will be of the standard format as described below: 6. Title Page The title page will include: • • • • • • • • • • • Platform/Rig name. The Directional Contractor Engineer at the rigsite will be required to complete the requested data on the report. the data necessary to analyse and improve drilling performance on subsequent wells.1.

(e. .3.6.p. formation deepening influencing the BHA performance) 6. Directional Drilling Analysis A thorough directional drilling analysis shall be made by the directional drillers on-site with the following topics to be considered: • • • Highlights. Recommendations for drilling future wells. The target(s) and casing points. Critical directional drilling sections.4.g. Agip Division 6.A.6.ARPO ENI S. Failure Report and Analysis. Summary Plot IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 60 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 The Summary Plot of the well may be A3 or A4 in size and should include: The well plan and the drilled well path(s) for the vertical and horizontal sections.

g.A.p. equipment and materials for drilling operations must follow the principles and procedures set out by the relevant local regulation requirements and comply with the Eni-Agip Division And Affiliates policy ‘Operating Procedure for purchasing of services and materials’ issued by VAP. a list of relevant equipment and personnel. or the concerned ARPO Department. Preliminary casing programme. A technical judgement for the bids presented must be formulated from the D&CM (or the concerned ARPO Department). the requisition to be sent to the concerned Contracts and Purchasing Department. The DS (or the Head Office representative nominated by ARPO. 7. the position and uncertainty in location of adjacent wells. The D&CM (or the concerned ARPO Department) will formulate the Technical Judgement of the bids considering the appropriate Technical Evaluations and enclosing some final recommendations based on a global evaluation of operations in this context. Preliminary time analysis by phase. on the basis of the Preliminary Well Programme. will prepare for the Directional Drilling and Surveying service.1. assigned to the project). .ARPO ENI S. depending on type of procurement and geographic unit autonomy) will compile for the Directional Drilling and Surveying service. With regard to Directional Drilling and Surveying in general the following aspects can be outlined.1 and Errore. Once the target location and size has been accepted. Preliminary directional profile. If the bid is congruent with the service tendered a Technical Evaluation must be prepared for the Department that issued the Technical Specification. He will have responsibility for enforcing Technical Specification issued by ARPO/STAP in the tender request. DIRECTIONAL DRILLING/SURVEYING SERVICES PROCUREMENT PROCURING SERVICES & MATERIALS PROCEDURES The procurement of services. L'origine riferimento non è stata trovata. and the difficulties expected in the drilling of the proposed well). It will consist of the following steps: • • • Primarily the D&CM (or the concerned ARPO Department) will evaluate each bid submitted to ensure that the service offered in the tender is that which is required. (Refer to Sections 3. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 61 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 7. The D&CM (or the Project Manager. fracture gradient and overburden gradient evaluation. ) The SDE (or the TEAP representative assigned to the project) will prepare a Preliminary Well Programme that will contain the following topics as a minimum: • • • • Pore pressure gradient. the SDE (or the TEAP representative assigned to the project) should estimate the surveying accuracy requirements or constraints (e. with due consideration given to logistic aspects and local market constraints.

p. Agip Division 7. new equipment test reports must be detailed in the form FB-1 (Refer to figure 7.2. The D&CM is responsible for approving and dispatching the forms as per the relevant flow diagram. unsatisfactory services. ARPO FB-1 Malfunction & Failure Report Malfunctions and failures of Contractor's equipment.ARPO ENI S. The DS is responsible for the correct filling in of the document and for the first stage in its distribution. IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 62 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 CONTRACTOR EVALUATION Contractor evaluation is essential to: • • Ensure the improvement of services provided. 7. . the SDE and the Drilling Superintendent are responsible for filling in of the form. STAP will have the responsibility for ensuring feed-back to QUAF on the Contract. Instigate in conjunction with the concerned departments.a).1.2. The D&CM will ensure dispatch as per the relevant flow diagram.2. hence Company standards.2.A. a Vendors Lists revision. The receipt of this document by the appropriate departments is essential to initiate technical enquiries.b) The Drilling Supervisor. The D&CM is expected to be very diligent to ensuring the timely and correct filling in of the following standard forms: 7. ARPO FB-2 Contractor Evaluation Form The evaluation of contractor performance according to the contract commitments must be detailed in the standard FB-2 form (Refer to figure 7.

A. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 63 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 MALFUNCTION & FAILURE REPORT (FEED BACK REPORT 01) District/Subsidiary Report Date: Well Name: Contract No: Service/Supply: Drilling Completio n Contract Type: Workover Well Code: General Information Contractor: Duration Dates of Failure: Distributed By: RIG SITE Description of Failure: Drilling & Completions Company Man: Adopted or Suggested Solution(s): Contractor Contingency Measures: Contractor Representative: DISTRICT OR SUBSIDIARY NOTES: Failure Classification Technical Management/Organisation Safety/Quality Status Normal Extreme Innovative Adverse Operations Manager: Time Lost: Estimated Cost of Failure: MILAN HEAD OFFICE NOTES: Analysis Code: Figure 7.A .ARPO ENI S.p.Malfunction & Failure Report .

Min): Economic Cost (£M): Category Evaluation Score (0-9) Availability of Equipment and Materials Technical and Operational Support to Operations Capability and Promptness to Operational Requests R3 Safety and Quality Assurance Requirements FB_01 REPORT REFERENCES FB Report No. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 64 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 CONTRACTOR EVALUATION (FEED BACK REPORT 02) District/Subsidiary Report Date: Well Name: Well Code: General Information Contract No.A.ARPO ENI S.: Contract Type: Contractor: Service/Supply: Distributed By: R1 Technical Requirements FB_01 REPORT REFERENCES FB Report No.: Time Lost (Hr.p.Min): Economic Cost (£M): Category Evaluation Score (0-9) Meeting with the Contract Agreement DSS Availability and Validity of Requested Certificates Meeting with Contract Quality Assurance Terms Event Support Documentation Type of Subject: Issued By: Document: Date: Notes: Failure Status Normal Extreme Operations Manager Drilling & Completions Manager Adverse Innovative Figure 7.: Time Lost (Hr.Min): Economic Cost (£M): Category Evaluation Score (0-9) Suitability of Equipment and Materials Compliance of Equipment and Materials to the Contract of Personnel Adequacy Meeting with Operational Programme Requirements Meeting with Contract Operation Timings Equipment Condition/Maintenance R2 Management and Organisational Requirements FB_01 REPORT REFERENCES FB Report No.Contractor Evaluation .B .: Time Lost (Hr.

ARPO ENI S.p. Surface Reading Gyro Sub Surface Safety Valve Steering Tool .ABBREVIATIONS BHA CCD CW DLS D&CM DOP DOU DS DSR DW EMS EOC EU FINDS FR GC GCT GMC GMS GSS HDT HS KOP MD MI MMS MSS MWD NMDC NSG ORP PWP QC Ref.A. RKB ROC ROP ROU SC SD SDE SR SRG SSSV ST Bottom Hole Assembly Centre to Centre Distance Current Well Dog Leg Severity Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates Local Drilling & Completion Manager Drop Off Point Depth of Uncertainty Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates Local Drilling Superintendent Drilling and Completion Supervisor at rig site Deviated Well Electronic Magnetic Multishot End Of Curvature Ellipse of Uncertainty Ferranti Inertial Navigation System Foresight Reference Geodetic Conversion Guidance Continuous Tool Geomagnetic Conversion Gyro Multishot Gyro Single Shot High Resolution Dipmeter Horizontal Component of Drill String Magnetic Field Kick Off Point Measured Depth Magnetic Influence Magnetic Multishot Magnetic Single Shot Measurement While Drilling Non Magnetic Drill Collars North Seeking Gyro Origin Reference Point Project Well Plot Quality Control Reference Rotary Kelly Bushings Radius Of Curvature Rate of Penetration Radius of Uncertainty Survey Calculation Separation Distance Eni-Agip Division and Affiliates Local Senior Drilling Engineer Separation Ratio. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 65 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Appendix A .

A.ARPO ENI S.p. Agip Division TD TIP TVD TW UAR UF UTM VW WP IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 66 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 Total Depth Tie In Point True Vertical Depth Target Well Uncertainty Area Ratio Uncertainty Factor Universal Transverse Mercator Vertical Well Well Planning 0 .

ARPO ENI S. Agip Division IDENTIFICATION CODE PAGE 67 OF 67 REVISION STAP-P-1-M-6120 0 Appendix B .A.p.BIBLIOGRAPHY Document: Drilling Procedures Manual Survey Company Quality Control Procedures STAP Number STAP-P-1-M-6140 .

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