SAY THE NUMBERS YOU CAN SEE!

CHAPTER 1:
THE WORLD THROUGH OUR SENSES

SENSORY ORGANS & THEIR FUNCTIONS

Sensory organ

Types of sense

Stimulus detected Touch, pressure,

Skin

Touch

pain, cold and heat

Nose Tongue Ear Eye

Smell Taste Hearing and balance Sight

Chemical substances Chemicals Sound Light

Relationship between stimuli and senses to sensory organs

SKIN

Touch

Touch, pressure, pain, cold heat

EARS
Hearing and balance sounds

Taste
TONGUE

chemicals

NOSE

Smell

Chemicals substances

EYES

Sight

Light

EXPERIMENT
Experiment 1.1: Sensory organs and their function

Objective : To show the relation between the five sensory organs and their stimuli. Materials: Icing sugar, fine salt, vanilla essence, oats, acid chloride Apparatus: Test tubes, evaporating dishes, litmus paper, beaker, dropper Procedures: ‡The activities given in the table below are carried out and observations are recorded. ‡Table 1.1 to be completed to show the relation between the sensory organs and their stimuli.

Activity

Observation

(a) A few drops of chloride acids are added to litmus paper.
(b) Three beaker of the same size are filled with different volumes of water. Then the edge of each beaker is tapped with glass rod (c) 10cm3 of water and a few drops of vanilla essence in 10cm3 of water are placed in separate test tubes and sniffed (d) Dry oats and wet oats placed in separate evaporating dishes are touched with the fingers and compared. (e) Fine salt and icing sugar, placed on separate evaporating dishes, are tasted and compared.

DISCUSSION

Activity

Observation Litmus paper changes to red.

(a) A few drops of chloride acids are added to litmus paper.
(b) Three beaker of the same size are filled with different volumes of water. Then the edge of each beaker is tapped with glass rod (c) 10cm3 of water and a few drops of vanilla essence in 10cm3 of water are placed in separate test tubes and sniffed (d) Dry oats and wet oats placed in separate evaporating dishes are touched with the fingers and compared. (e) Fine salt and icing sugar, placed on separate evaporating dishes, are tasted and compared.

Sounds are heard.

Vanilla essence gives a fragrant smell. Water does not have any smell.

Wet oat re starchy. Dry oat are powdery. Salt tastes salty. Sugar taste sweet.

Activity

Sensory organ

Sense

Stimulus

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e)

Eye

Sight

Light

CONCLUSION

5 Sense that detected by the 5 sensory organs are as follows:
1. Skin ² touch, heat, cold, and pressure 2. Nose ² smell 3. Tongue ² taste 4. Ears ² sounds 5. Eyes - light

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