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Mohan Gupta  for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in
Construction
Page 1 of 7
ADDITIONAL SECTIONAL PROPERTIES OF INDIAN STANDARD TAPERED
FLANGE SECTIONS
Dr. Mohan Gupta
Reader, Department of Civil Engineering
Bhilai Institute of Technology, Durg (C.G.)
Email: info@mohangupta.com
INTRODUCTION
Tapered flange sections (Figure 1) are hot rolled steel sections, with sloping flanges having fillets
at the toes and root of flange and web. The Indian Standard medium weight beam (MB) and
channel (MC) sections have tapered flanges and are amongst most readily available sections.
These sections are traditionally used in a variety of applications.
In IS : 808  1989 (Indian Standard on Dimensions for Hot Rolled Steel Beam, Column, Channel
and Angle Sections) , the strong and weak axes are denoted by x – x and y – y respectively,
whereas in IS : 800 (draft), these axes are denoted as z – z and y – y respectively. In this paper,
the notation adopted in IS : 800 (draft) is followed.
All the section properties of hot rolled tapered flange steel sections are obtained from the
dimensions such as depth and width of the section, thickness of web, mean thickness of flange,
root radius (at the junction of web and flange), toe radius and taper of flange.
The equations for computing the basic and additional section properties, taking into account the
root radius, toe radius and flange taper, are, in general, computationally intensive and it is not
practicable to work out these properties on routine basis. Accordingly, some basic section
properties, such as the mass, gross area, moment of inertia, radius of gyration, elastic and plastic
modulus are given in relevant codes.
Indian Standard Code of Practice for General Construction in Steel (IS : 800  1984) is being
revised in the limit state format. The approximate values of few other properties, such as the
depth between root fillets, local buckling ratios for the flange and web, torsion and warping
constant, which are required in limit state design, are provided here for ready reference.
Material strength of tapered flange steel sections shall be confirming to IS : 2062  1999 for mild
steel and IS : 8500  1991 for medium and high strength steels. All of the sections listed in IS :
808 – 1989, in the desired steel grade, may not be readily available at a given point of time, due
to a variety of reasons. While designing, it is a good practice to ensure that the specified sections
are the ones that are actually available.
Rolled Beams and Columns
(Tapered Flanges)
Rolled Channels
(Tapered Flanges)
Figure 1: Traditional Structural Steel sections
Paper by Dr. Mohan Gupta  for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in
Construction
Page 2 of 7
INDIAN STANDARD MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS
Local buckling ratio for the flange is computed as b/t
f
and is very frequently required for checking
the section classification. Here, ‘b’ is the half flange width and is equal to b
f
/2 and t
f
is the mean
thickness of the flange.
Local buckling ratio for the web is computed as d/t
w
and is very frequently required for checking
the section classification. Here, ‘d’ is the depth between root fillets and t
w
is the thickness of the
web.
Warping Constant is given as:
2
s y w
h . I
4
1
I =
(1)
The above expression can be approximately written as:
2
w y f
1
I I (h t )
4
= −
(2)
Torsional constant is given as:
( )( )
( )
2 2 3 3 4 4
t f w 1 2 1 2 w 2 2 w s 1
1 2 1
I b t t t t t t t (h 2t ).t 2αφ 4V t
6 3 3
     
= − + + + + − + −
  
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
(3)
where for I shapes with flange slopes of 1 in 6 (9.46 degrees slope)
2
w w w
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
t t .R t R
α 0.0836 0.2540 0.1270 0.0806 0.0858
t t
t t
= − + + − −
(4)
Figure 2: Notations for Indian Standard Medium Weight Beams with Tapered Flanges
t
w
R
t
f
y
y
z z
b
f
h
b = b
f
/2
eq. eq
8
°
r
d
h
s
≈
h
–
t
f
t
2
t
1
m
Imaginary Circle
of diameter φ
Paper by Dr. Mohan Gupta  for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in
Construction
Page 3 of 7
and for I shapes with parallel flanges (0 degrees slope)
2
w w w
1
2 2
f f
f f
t t .R t R
α 0.0420 0.2200 0.1360 0.0865 0.0725
t t
t t
= − + + − −
(5)
Darwish and Johnston (1965) suggest that the expression for α for intermediate flange slopes
may be found out by linear interpolation between α
2
and α
1
as given above. This expression for
Indian Standard medium weight beams that have a flange slope of 8 degrees is:
2
w w w
2 2
2 2
2 2
t t .R t R
α 0.0772 0.2487 0.1284 0.0815 0.0837
t t
t t
= − + + − −
(6)
Further,
2 3 4
s
V 0.1050 0.1000S 0.0848S 0.0675S 0.0515S = + + + +
(7)
2 w
w
t
(F m) t R
4
φ
F R m
 
+ + +

\ ¹
=
+ +
(8)
w
2
t 1
F RS 1 1
2R
S
 
= + − − 

\ ¹
(9)
1
f
2(m t )
S
b
−
=
(10)
Thus, it is obvious that the equation for torsional constant for tapered flange beam sections is
very much involved, even though it ignores toe radius. The expression for α, and hence the
torsional constant, for other Indian Standard beams and columns / heavy weight beams may also
be computed based on the equations presented above. These values are not presented here for
brevity. The flange slopes for some I sections listed in IS : 808  1989 are given in Table 1.
Section Flange Slope (Degrees)
Indian Standard junior beams (ISJB) 1.5˚
Indian Standard light weight beams (ISLB)
1.5˚ for depths upto 200 mm
8.0˚ for depths greater 200 mm
Indian Standard wide flange beams (ISWB) 6˚
Indian Standard heavy weight beam (ISHB) 4˚
Table 1: Flange Slopes for Indian Standard Tapered Flange Beam Sections
INDIAN STANDARD MEDIUM WEIGHT CHANNELS
Local buckling ratio for the flange is computed as b/t
f
and is very frequently required for checking
the section classification. Here, ‘b’ is equal to the flange width b
f
and t
f
is the mean thickness of
the flange.
Local buckling ratio for the web is computed as d/t
w
and is very frequently required for checking
the section classification. Here, ‘d’ is the depth between root fillets and t
w
is the thickness of the
web.
Paper by Dr. Mohan Gupta  for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in
Construction
Page 4 of 7
Warping Constant is given as:
2
2 2 w w
w f f f 0 f 0 z
t t 1
I t b b 3E (h t ) E I
6 2 2
     
= − − − − +
  
\ ¹ \ ¹ \ ¹
(11)
where,
( )
2
w
f f
0
w
f f w f
t
t b
2
E
t 1
2t b t h t
2 3
 
 
 −

 \ ¹
=

 
 − + −


\ ¹
\ ¹
(12)
Torsional constant is given as:
( )( )
( )
2 2 3 3 4 4 4
t f w 1 2 1 2 w 2 2 w s 1 2
1 2 1
I b t t t t t t t .(h 2t ).t 2αφ 2V t 0.210t
6 3 3
   
= − + + + + − + − −
 
\ ¹ \ ¹
(13)
where for Channels with flange slopes of 1 in 6 (9.46 degrees slope)
2
w w w
2
2 2
2 2
2 2
t t .R t R
α 0.1330 0.3020 0.1400 0.1070 0.0956
t t
t t
= − + + − −
(14)
and for Channels with parallel flanges (0 degrees slope)
2
w w w
1
2 2
f f
f f
t t .R t R
α 0.0908 0.2620 0.1230 0.0752 0.0945
t t
t t
= − + + − −
(15)
Figure 3: Notations for Indian Standard Medium Weight Channels with Tapered Flanges
h
d
h
s
=
h
–
t
f
6
°
t
w
t
f
b
f
y
y
z z
R
r
eq eq
t
1
t
2
Shear Centre
E
0
– t
w
/2
Paper by Dr. Mohan Gupta  for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in
Construction
Page 5 of 7
The expression for α (by linear interpolation between α
2
and α
1
) for Indian Standard medium
weight channels that have a flange slope of 6 degrees is:
2
w w w
2 2
2 2
2 2
t t .R t R
α 0.1176 0.2874 0.1338 0.0954 0.0952
t t
t t
= − + + − −
(16)
Further,
2 3 4
s
V 0.1050 0.1000S 0.0848S 0.0675S 0.0515S = + + + +
(17)
( ) ( )( )
w w
φ 2 3R t F 2 2R t 2R F
(
= + + − + +
(
¸ ¸
(18)
2
F t R(1 S 1 S) = − + − +
(19)
2 1
f w
t t
S
b t
−
=
−
(20)
Thus, it is obvious that the expressions for warping and torsional constants for tapered flange
channel sections are very much involved, even though it ignores toe radius. The expression for α,
and hence the torsional constant, for other Indian Standard channels may also be computed
based on the equations presented above. These values are not presented here for brevity. The
flange slopes for some channel sections listed in IS : 808  1989 are given in Table 2:
Section Flange Slope (Degrees)
Indian Standard junior channels (ISJC) 1.5˚
Indian Standard light weight channels (ISLC)
1.5˚ for depths upto 200 mm
6.0˚ for depths greater 200 mm
Indian Standard medium weight parallel
flange channels (ISMCP)
0˚
Table 2: Flange Slopes for Indian Standard Channel Sections
Table 3 provides these additional sectional properties for Indian Standard medium weight beam
and channel sections, based on above equations.
In addition to above properties, plastic section modulus about the major and minor axis is also
tabulated, as these values are also required in limit state design. It is observed that, for MB
sections, the average major axis shape factor (Z
pz
/Z
ez
) is 1.12 and the average minor axis shape
factor (Z
py
/Z
ey
) is 1.69. These values for MC sections are 1.17 and 1.93 respectively.
CONCLUSION
This paper provides the approximate values of few additional properties for Indian standard
medium weight beam and channel sections with tapered flanges, for ready reference. The
equations for torsional and warping constant, presented here, are quite complex and it is not
practicable for practicing designers and budding engineers to compute it routinely. Other
properties, such as the local buckling ratios for the flange and web are not very time consuming
to compute, but are very frequently required in limit state design, are also presented here. In
addition to above properties, plastic section modulus about the major (z – z) and minor (y – y)
axis is also tabulated, as these values are also required in limit state design.
Paper by Dr. Mohan Gupta  for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in
Construction
Page 6 of 7
It is suggested that the relevant code (IS : 808  1989) may be amended at the earliest, so as to
include these properties.
NOTATIONS
Symbol Description Units
b
f
Flange Width mm
d Depth between root fillets mm
h Overall depth of section mm
h
s
Distance between Centre to Centre of the two Flanges of the Crosssection mm
M Mass Kg/m
R
Root Radius mm
r
Toe Radius mm
t
f
Mean Thickness of Flange mm
t
w
Thickness of Web mm
I
z
Moment of Inertia about the Major (z – z) Axis cm
4
I
y
Moment of Inertia about the Minor (y – y) Axis cm
4
I
t
Torsional Constant of the Crosssection mm
4
I
w
Warping Constant of the Crosssection mm
6
Z
pz
Plastic Section Modulus about the Major (z – z) Axis cm
3
Z
py
Plastic Section Modulus about the Minor (y  y) Axis cm
3
REFERENCES
El Darwish, I.A. and Johnston, B.G., “Torsion of Structural Shapes”, Proceedings of the American
Society of Civil Engineers, Journal of Structural Division, Vol. 91, No. ST1, pp. 203 – 228,
February 1965.
IS : 808  1989, “Indian Standard on Dimensions for Hot Rolled Steel Beam, Column, Channel
and Angle Sections”, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
IS : 800 (draft), “Code of Practice for General Construction in Steel (Third Revision)”, Bureau of
Indian Standards, New Delhi, India, November 2005.
IS : 800  1984, “Code of Practice for General Construction in Steel (Second Revision)”, Bureau
of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
IS : 2062  1999, “Steel for General Structural Purposes”, Bureau of Indian Standards, New Delhi,
India.
IS : 8500  1991, “Structural Steel – Microalloyed (Medium and High Strength Qualities)”, Bureau
of Indian Standards, New Delhi, India.
Nethercot, D.A., Salter, P.R. and Malik, A. S., “Design of Members Subject to Combined Bending
and Torsion”, SCI Publication 057, The Steel Construction Institute, Ascot, Berkshire, 1989.
Seaburg, P.A., and Carter, C. J., “Torsional Analysis of Structural Steel Members”, Steel Design
Guide Series No. 9, Second Printing, American Institute of Steel Construction, Chicago, Illinois,
October 2003.
SteelUK  Dimensions and Properties of UK structural Steel shapes, Techno Consultants Ltd.,
Manchester, England, November 2000.
Paper by Dr. Mohan Gupta  for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in Construction
Page 7 of 7
Table 3: Additional Sectional Properties of Indian Standard Tapered Flange Medium Weight Beam and Channel Sections
Section modulus
Mass Area Depth Width
Web
Thk.
Flange
Thk.
Root
Radius
Toe
Radius
Flange
Slope
Moment
of Inertia
Plastic
Depth
between
Root Fillets
Local
Buckling
ratios
Torsional
Constant
Warping
Constant
M A h bf tw tf R r Iz Iy Zpz Zpy d It Iw
Designation
kg/m cm
2
mm mm mm mm mm mm cm
4
cm
4
cm
3
cm
3
mm
Flange Web
x 10
4
mm
4
x 10
9
mm
6
MB 100 11.5 14.60 100 75 4.0 7.2 9.0 4.5 8
°
257.5
40.8
58.65
18.3 65.0 5.2 16.2 2.95 0.88
MB 125 13.0 16.60 125 75 4.4 7.6 9.0 4.5 8
°
449.0
43.7
81.85
19.6 89.2 4.9 20.3 3.52 1.51
MB 150 14.9 19.00 150 80 4.8 7.6 9.0 4.5 8
°
726.4
52.6
110.48
22.4 113.9 5.3 23.7 4.00 2.67
MB 175 19.3 24.62 175 90 5.5 8.6 10.0 5.0 8
°
1272.0
85.0
166.08
32.2 134.5 5.2 24.5 6.56 5.88
MB 200 25.4 32.33 200 100 5.7 10.8 11.0 5.5 8
°
2235.4
150.0
253.86
50.0 152.7 4.6 26.8 12.49 13.42
MB 225 31.2 39.72 225 110 6.5 11.8 12.0 6.0 8
°
3441.8
218.3
348.27
66.4 173.3 4.7 26.7 18.32 24.81
MB 250 37.3 47.55 250 125 6.9 12.5 13.0 6.5 8
°
5131.6
334.5
465.71
89.8 194.1 5.0 28.1 25.02 47.17
MB 300 44.2 56.26 300 140 7.5 12.4 14.0 7.0 8
°
8603.6
453.9
651.74
110.7 241.5 5.6 32.2 29.99 93.86
MB 350 52.4 66.71 350 140 8.1 14.2 14.0 7.0 8
°
13630.3
537.7
889.57
129.7 288.0 4.9 35.6 42.38 151.58
MB 400 61.6 78.46 400 140 8.9 16.0 14.0 7.0 8
°
20458.4
622.1
1176.18
149.4 334.4 4.4 37.6 58.75 229.33
MB 450 72.4 92.27 450 150 9.4 17.4 15.0 7.5 8
°
30390.8
834.0
1533.36
186.8 379.2 4.3 40.3 79.83 390.19
MB 500 86.9 110.74 500 180 10.2 17.2 17.0 8.5 8
°
45218.3
1369.8
2074.67
259.5 424.1 5.2 41.6 101.57 798.24
MB 550 103.7 132.11 550 190 11.2 19.3 18.0 9.0 8
°
64893.6
1833.8
2711.98
327.6 467.5 4.9 41.7 147.59 1291.19
MB 600 122.6 156.21 600 210 12.0 20.8 20.0 10.0 8
°
91813.0
2651.0
3510.63
429.0 509.7 5.0 42.5 204.81 2223.34
MC 75 6.8 8.67 75 40 4.4 7.3 8.5 4.5 6
°
76.0 12.6 24.17
8.69
41.4 5.5 9.4
1.43
0.113
MC 100 9.2 11.70 100 50 4.7 7.5 9 4.5 6
°
186.7 25.9 43.83
14.30
64.0 6.7 13.6
2.05
0.447
MC 125 12.7 16.19 125 65 5 8.1 9.5 5 6
°
416.4 59.9 77.15
25.56
85.4 8.0 17.1
3.38
1.698
MC 150 16.4 20.88 150 75 5.4 9 10 5 6
°
779.4 102.3 119.82
37.88
106.7 8.3 19.8
5.27
4.256
MC 175 19.1 24.38 175 75 5.7 10.2 10.5 5.5 6
°
1223.3 121.0 161.65
44.40
128.4 7.4 22.5
7.26
6.717
MC 200 22.1 28.21 200 75 6.1 11.4 11 5.5 6
°
1819.3 140.4 211.26
51.07
150.2 6.6 24.6
9.80
10.036
MC 225 25.9 33.01 225 80 6.4 12.4 12 6 6
°
2694.6 187.2 277.93
63.64
170.9 6.5 26.7
13.25
26.589
MC 250 30.4 38.67 250 80 7.1 14.1 12 6 6
°
3816.8 219.1 356.72
73.90
192.5 5.7 27.1
18.78
23.999
MC 300 35.8 45.64 300 90 7.6 13.6 13 6.5 6
°
6362.6 310.8 496.77
91.21
240.7 6.6 31.7
21.37
51.601
MC 350 42.1 53.66 350 100 8.1 13.5 14 7 6
°
10008.0 430.6 672.20
110.70
288.1 7.4 35.6
25.58
101.382
MC 400 49.4 62.93 400 100 8.6 15.3 15 7.5 6
°
15082.8 504.8 891.03
127.69
332.8 6.5 38.7
35.44
152.584
Here. ‘d’ is the depth between root fillets and tw is the thickness of the web. Mohan Gupta .0806 w 2 − 0.0836 + 0.hs 4 The above expression can be approximately written as: Iw = Torsional constant is given as: 1 2 1 It = ( b f − t w )( t1 + t 2 ) t12 + t 22 + t w t 23 + (h − 2t 2 ). m t2 t1 (1) (2) (3) (4) y 8 R hs ≈ h – tf ° r eq.t w 3 + 2αφ4 − 4Vs t14 6 3 3 1 Iy (h − t f )2 4 ( ) where for I shapes with flange slopes of 1 in 6 (9.2540 tw t . Here.R t 2 R + 0.Paper by Dr. eq tw Imaginary Circle of diameter φ bf y b = bf /2 Figure 2: Notations for Indian Standard Medium Weight Beams with Tapered Flanges Warping Constant is given as: d h z tf z Iw = 1 2 Iy . ‘b’ is the half flange width and is equal to bf/2 and tf is the mean thickness of the flange.46 degrees slope) α2 = −0. Local buckling ratio for the web is computed as d/tw and is very frequently required for checking the section classification.1270 − 0.0858 w2 t2 t2 t2 t2 Page 2 of 7 .for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in Construction INDIAN STANDARD MEDIUM WEIGHT BEAMS Local buckling ratio for the flange is computed as b/tf and is very frequently required for checking the section classification.
2200 tw t . Section Flange Slope (Degrees) Indian Standard junior beams (ISJB) Indian Standard light weight beams (ISLB) Indian Standard wide flange beams (ISWB) Indian Standard heavy weight beam (ISHB) 1.5˚ 1. Local buckling ratio for the web is computed as d/tw and is very frequently required for checking the section classification. Here.0848S2 + 0. Page 3 of 7 .1000S + 0.for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in Construction and for I shapes with parallel flanges (0 degrees slope) α1 = −0.0675S3 + 0. The expression for α. ‘d’ is the depth between root fillets and tw is the thickness of the web.0˚ for depths greater 200 mm 6˚ 4˚ Table 1: Flange Slopes for Indian Standard Tapered Flange Beam Sections INDIAN STANDARD MEDIUM WEIGHT CHANNELS Local buckling ratio for the flange is computed as b/tf and is very frequently required for checking the section classification. it is obvious that the equation for torsional constant for tapered flange beam sections is very much involved.0515S4 t (F + m)2 + t w R + w 4 φ= F+R+m 1 t F = RS + 1 − 1− w S2 2R S= 2(m − t1 ) bf (7) (8) (9) (10) Thus. for other Indian Standard beams and columns / heavy weight beams may also be computed based on the equations presented above.0865 w 2 − 0. This expression for Indian Standard medium weight beams that have a flange slope of 8 degrees is: α = −0.2487 tw t . ‘b’ is equal to the flange width bf and tf is the mean thickness of the flange. Mohan Gupta . Vs = 0.0815 w 2 − 0.1284 − 0. and hence the torsional constant. These values are not presented here for brevity.R t 2 R + 0.0837 w2 t2 t2 t2 t2 (6) Further.1050 + 0.0772 + 0.5˚ for depths upto 200 mm 8.Paper by Dr. Here.1989 are given in Table 1.1360 − 0.R t 2 R + 0. The flange slopes for some I sections listed in IS : 808 . even though it ignores toe radius.0420 + 0.0725 w2 tf tf tf tf (5) Darwish and Johnston (1965) suggest that the expression for α for intermediate flange slopes may be found out by linear interpolation between α2 and α1 as given above.
2620 tw t .1330 + 0.0956 w2 t2 t2 t2 t2 (14) and for Channels with parallel flanges (0 degrees slope) α1 = −0.210t 2 4 6 3 3 ( ) (13) where for Channels with flange slopes of 1 in 6 (9. Mohan Gupta .0945 w2 tf tf tf tf (15) Page 4 of 7 . 2 t t f bf − w 2 E0 = t 1 2t f bf − w + t w ( h − t f ) 2 3 2 (11) (12) eq eq r R t1 t2 y tf hs = h – tf Shear Centre z tw z E0 – tw/2 d h 6 ° bf y Figure 3: Notations for Indian Standard Medium Weight Channels with Tapered Flanges Torsional constant is given as: 1 1 2 It = ( b f − t w )( t1 + t 2 ) t12 + t 22 + t w t 23 + .0752 w 2 − 0.for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in Construction Warping Constant is given as: t t 1 Iw = t f bf − w b f − w − 3E0 (h − t f )2 + E0 2Iz 2 2 6 where.46 degrees slope) α2 = −0.1400 − 0.R t 2 R + 0.1070 w 2 − 0.(h − 2t 2 ).R t 2 R + 0.t w 3 + 2αφ4 − 2Vs t14 − 0.1230 − 0.0908 + 0.3020 tw t .Paper by Dr.
It is observed that. presented here. and hence the torsional constant. as these values are also required in limit state design. plastic section modulus about the major (z – z) and minor (y – y) axis is also tabulated.0515S4 φ = 2 ( 3R + t w + F ) − 2 ( 2R + t w )( 2R + F ) F = t 2 − R(1 + S − 1 + S ) S= t 2 − t1 bf − t w (17) (18) (19) (20) Thus. but are very frequently required in limit state design. The expression for α. as these values are also required in limit state design.12 and the average minor axis shape factor (Zpy/Zey) is 1. The flange slopes for some channel sections listed in IS : 808 .69.1176 + 0. even though it ignores toe radius.17 and 1. it is obvious that the expressions for warping and torsional constants for tapered flange channel sections are very much involved.1989 are given in Table 2: Section Flange Slope (Degrees) Indian Standard junior channels (ISJC) Indian Standard light weight channels (ISLC) Indian Standard medium weight parallel flange channels (ISMCP) 1. for MB sections. Page 5 of 7 .2874 tw t .0952 w2 t2 t2 t2 t2 (16) Further. These values for MC sections are 1.1000S + 0.0848S2 + 0. are quite complex and it is not practicable for practicing designers and budding engineers to compute it routinely.5˚ for depths upto 200 mm 6. Mohan Gupta . CONCLUSION This paper provides the approximate values of few additional properties for Indian standard medium weight beam and channel sections with tapered flanges.for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in Construction The expression for α (by linear interpolation between α2 and α1) for Indian Standard medium weight channels that have a flange slope of 6 degrees is: α = −0.5˚ 1. such as the local buckling ratios for the flange and web are not very time consuming to compute. The equations for torsional and warping constant. for ready reference. are also presented here.1050 + 0.0675S3 + 0.1338 − 0.0954 w 2 − 0.0˚ for depths greater 200 mm 0˚ Table 2: Flange Slopes for Indian Standard Channel Sections Table 3 provides these additional sectional properties for Indian Standard medium weight beam and channel sections. based on above equations. plastic section modulus about the major and minor axis is also tabulated. Vs = 0.93 respectively.R t 2 R + 0. In addition to above properties. the average major axis shape factor (Zpz/Zez) is 1. These values are not presented here for brevity. for other Indian Standard channels may also be computed based on the equations presented above.Paper by Dr. Other properties. In addition to above properties.
“Torsional Analysis of Structural Steel Members”. “Indian Standard on Dimensions for Hot Rolled Steel Beam.for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in Construction It is suggested that the relevant code (IS : 808 . Manchester. “Structural Steel – Microalloyed (Medium and High Strength Qualities)”. “Design of Members Subject to Combined Bending and Torsion”. India. 1989. D.R. New Delhi.. Bureau of Indian Standards. New Delhi. “Code of Practice for General Construction in Steel (Third Revision)”. Bureau of Indian Standards. “Steel for General Structural Purposes”.G. Nethercot. The Steel Construction Institute. IS : 800 (draft). Column. IS : 8500 . IS : 2062 . November 2000.A.1989) may be amended at the earliest. New Delhi. Second Printing. and Carter. Bureau of Indian Standards. Ascot. Techno Consultants Ltd. SCI Publication 057. and Malik.. New Delhi. Proceedings of the American Society of Civil Engineers. pp. SteelUK . S.A. 203 – 228.. November 2005. Steel Design Guide Series No.1984. Mohan Gupta . Page 6 of 7 .1999. No. “Torsion of Structural Shapes”. A. Bureau of Indian Standards. India.Dimensions and Properties of UK structural Steel shapes. India.A. I. IS : 808 . India.. Berkshire. P.1989. “Code of Practice for General Construction in Steel (Second Revision)”. 9.1991. England. American Institute of Steel Construction. February 1965. J. and Johnston. Seaburg.y) Axis Units mm mm mm mm Kg/m mm mm mm mm 4 cm 4 cm 4 mm 6 mm 3 cm 3 cm REFERENCES El Darwish.. 91. Salter. IS : 800 . Bureau of Indian Standards. ST1. Chicago.Paper by Dr. Journal of Structural Division. NOTATIONS Symbol Description bf Flange Width d Depth between root fillets h Overall depth of section hs Distance between Centre to Centre of the two Flanges of the Crosssection M Mass R Root Radius r Toe Radius tf Mean Thickness of Flange tw Thickness of Web Iz Moment of Inertia about the Major (z – z) Axis Iy Moment of Inertia about the Minor (y – y) Axis It Torsional Constant of the Crosssection Iw Warping Constant of the Crosssection Zpz Plastic Section Modulus about the Major (z – z) Axis Zpy Plastic Section Modulus about the Minor (y . so as to include these properties. New Delhi. B. Illinois. P.. India. Channel and Angle Sections”. Vol. C. October 2003.
21 110.5 8.3 334.8 Moment of Inertia Iy cm4 40.7 5 5.27 465.717 10.5 6 6 6.5 8° 8° 8° 8° 8° 8° 8° 8° 8° 8° 8° 8° 8° 8° 6 6° 6° 6° 6° 6° 6° 6° 6° 6° 6° ° Mass Designation M kg/m MB MB MB MB MB MB MB MB MB MB MB MB MB MB MC MC MC MC MC MC MC MC MC MC MC 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 300 350 400 11.6 72.0 7.8 42.99 42.4 186.0 7.7 52.8 1833.81 47.2 12.65 211.42 24.27 110.4 6.2 19.46 92.5 8.8 26.0 334.2 219.5 5.5 509.for possible publication in January 2006 issue of Steel in Construction Table 3: Additional Sectional Properties of Indian Standard Tapered Flange Medium Weight Beam and Channel Sections Web Thk.6 7.56 12.1 22.8 45218.4 61.0 9.7 6.8 6362.4 3441.5 4.5 327.6 26.19 2223.77 672.11 156.2 50.8 2651.4 779.83 77.1 8.48 166.17 43.3 2694.0 15082.0 10.38 28.80 13.7 28.4 30390.86 151.113 0.3 19.5 6.4 4.67 2711.6 8.4 379.71 78.0 12.2 4.8 5.75 79.698 4.9 134.55 56.74 889.38 58.7 24.5 9.98 3510.01 38.5 453.0 2235. tw mm 4.0 12.5 6.0 17.8 Local Buckling ratios Flange 5.66 62.26 9.5 Web 16.70 127.4 10.9 59.78 21.21 33.8 7.4 106.52 4.64 73.0 89.6 85.5 12.4 5.5 10 10.34 0.7 129.1 8.38 5.19 798.4 4.8 11.5 152.2 170.25 18.62 32.382 152.24 1291.7 41.72 496.7 6.1 19.7 128.2 11.6 38.4 35.9 30.90 91.7 173.6 25.0 14.0 5.4 150.0 186.9 5.6 6.0 20.6 41.5 11 12 12 13 14 15 Toe Radius r mm 4.9 19.3 23.4 1223.65 81.7 622.37 25.036 26.9 192.4 7.2 20.60 16.4 13.0 76.7 8.4 89.6 4.601 101. Mohan Gupta .6 40.36 2074.5 15.4 32.2 35.6 Flange Thk.71 651.8 259.6 504.3 121.9 103.1 7.57 147.7 35.0 1369.69 14.7 149.0 7.0 8.67 11.58 35.3 20458.2 52.7 16.64 53.07 63.40 51.5 288.4 86.26 66.0 14.4 31.589 23.0 85.2 11.1 49.83 101.56 37.0 4.60 19.18 1533.8 Section modulus Plastic Zpz cm3 58.5 4.2 16.88 1.02 29.8 12.57 1176.0 11.6 37.27 7.82 161.0 18.7 288.6 13.05 3.3 5.3 5.17 93.1 310.00 24.93 Depth h mm 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 75 100 125 150 175 200 225 250 300 350 400 Width bf mm 75 75 80 90 100 110 125 140 140 140 150 180 190 210 40 50 65 75 75 75 80 80 90 100 100 Flange Slope Iz cm4 257.5 5.1 31.67 5.74 132.6 6.86 348.08 253.1 25.7 Torsional Warping Constant Constant It Iw cm3 18.5 26.8 430.49 18.5 7.1 834.3 7.6 4.7 6.5 6.93 356.4 1272.7 42.0 6.5 7 7.7 416.67 45.6 13630.58 229.2 424.5 9 9.2 12.0 8.4 187.5 240.1 467.1 332.95 3.4 14.6 8.6 8603.0 13.1 241.85 110.256 6.3 44.72 47.3 Root Radius R mm 9.5 5.1 9 10.1 32.4 12.0 726.4 64.6 91813.51 2.1 6.30 25.0 150.5 13.4 Area A cm2 14.0 9.4 4.3 25.0 140.0 8.33 390.21 8.26 277.0 218.2 37.0 17.8 43.5 5.9 9.3 7.447 1.4 17.88 44.8 110.33 39.88 13.44 0.5 9.81 1.4 6.7 27.9 102.3 20.9 7.6 10.19 20.0 5.3 194. tf mm 7.32 25.Paper by Dr.4 19.7 5.8 22.0 4.8 5131.70 16.00 6.3 64893.88 24.9 4.0 14.6 3816.0 15.63 24.584 Page 7 of 7 .20 891.6 22.5 24.3 41.4 14.15 119.8 9.1 13.0 66.0 4.0 5.6 10008.999 51.9 5.03 Depth between Root Fillets Zpy d mm 65.2 113.5 8.9 537.2 4.69 x 104 mm4 x 109 mm6 2.43 2.0 10.6 7.0 14.5 449.2 4.59 204.7 122.5 5 5 5.6 429.5 4.6 17.2 7.3 1819.
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