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CVP What About Matt 28 19 Sda 2008 Proof Baptism Change Historical

CVP What About Matt 28 19 Sda 2008 Proof Baptism Change Historical

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What About Matthew 28:19? What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19?

© 2008 By Elder S. D. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® studythewordpublications@hotmail.com

“Go ye therefore and teach

all nations...in my name” Matthew 28:19, Mark 16:17, Luke 24:47, John 5:43 & Acts 2:38
Dedicated to the memory of my dear friend, mentor and brother in Christ Professor George Whitefield Stanley Th.D. Of Harvard University Theology Department To fulfill the commission he gave and my promise of faithful serve to Christ.

What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. D. Ashe and Study The Word Publications®

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Let's Begin Our Journey Of Discovery On This Topic
All Scriptures are taken from the Authorized King James Version of the Bible unless otherwise noted. How-be-it many versions were used in the study and preparation in this study.

What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19?
©2008 By Elder S. D. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® Question: Is the original wording of Matthew 28:19 the same as we have today in our modern Bibles or has it been changed? Make sure you (the reader) reads all the way through this study for at the end I give substantial evidence and solid proof that we can trust the Bible as we have it today at least the Authorized King James Version (AKJV) as that is the one I used to minister to others and to teach from. Here are some very interesting documented information I think you will find explosive to say the least. For the readers convenience I have assembled these in alphabetical order:

A
1. A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. Willis http://www.apostolic.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.htm also found on: http://www.geocities.com/fdocc3/quotations.htm (Note: All of these reference are listed separately in the rest of this research paper and are noted as such that is why I’m only counting this as 1 unit and not the 20 listed here - sda) The Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics: As to Matthew 28:19, it says: It is the central piece of evidence for the traditional (Trinitarian) view. If it were undisputed, this would, of course, be decisive, but its trustworthiness is impugned on grounds of textual criticism, literary criticism and historical criticism. The same Encyclopedia further states that: "The obvious explanation of the silence of the New Testament on the triune name, and the use of another (JESUS NAME) formula in Acts and Paul, is that this other formula was the earlier, and the triune formula is a later addition." Edmund Schlink, The Doctrine of Baptism, page 28: "The baptismal command in its Matthew 28:19 form can not be the historical origin of Christian baptism. At the very least, it must be assumed that the text has been transmitted in a form expanded by the [Catholic] church." The Tyndale New Testament Commentaries, I, 275: "It is often affirmed that the words in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost are not the ipsissima verba [exact words] of Jesus, but...a later liturgical addition."
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Wilhelm Bousset, Kyrios Christianity, page 295: "The testimony for the wide distribution of the simple baptismal formula [in the Name of Jesus] down into the second century is so overwhelming that even in Matthew 28:19, the Trinitarian formula was later inserted." The Catholic Encyclopedia, II, page 263: "The baptismal formula was changed from the name of Jesus Christ to the words Father, Son, and Holy Spirit by the Catholic Church in the second century." Hastings Dictionary of the Bible 1963, page 1015: "The Trinity.-...is not demonstrable by logic or by Scriptural proofs,...The term Trias was first used by Theophilus of Antioch (c AD 180),...(The term Trinity) not found in Scripture..." "The chief Trinitarian text in the NT is the baptismal formula in Mt 28:19...This late post-resurrection saying, not found in any other Gospel or anywhere else in the NT, has been viewed by some scholars as an interpolation into Matthew. It has also been pointed out that the idea of making disciples is continued in teaching them, so that the intervening reference to baptism with its Trinitarian formula was perhaps a later insertion into the saying. Finally, Eusebius's form of the (ancient) text ("in my name" rather than in the name of the Trinity) has had certain advocates. (Although the Trinitarian formula is now found in the modern-day book of Matthew), this does not guarantee its source in the historical teaching of Jesus. It is doubtless better to view the (Trinitarian) formula as derived from early (Catholic) Christian, perhaps Syrian or Palestinian, baptismal usage (cf Didache 7:1-4), and as a brief summary of the (Catholic) Church's teaching about God, Christ, and the Spirit:..." The Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge: "Jesus, however, cannot have given His disciples this Trinitarian order of baptism after His resurrection; for the New Testament knows only one baptism in the name of Jesus (Acts 2:38; 8:16; 10:43; 19:5; Gal. 3:27; Rom. 6:3; 1 Cor. 1:13-15), which still occurs even in the second and third centuries, while the Trinitarian formula occurs only in Matt. 28:19, and then only again (in the) Didache 7:1 and Justin, Apol. 1:61...Finally, the distinctly liturgical character of the formula...is strange; it was not the way of Jesus to make such formulas... the formal authenticity of Matt. 28:19 must be disputed..." page 435. The Jerusalem Bible, a scholarly Catholic work, states: "It may be that this formula, (Triune Matthew 28:19) so far as the fullness of its expression is concerned, is a reflection of the (Man-made) liturgical usage established later in the primitive (Catholic) community. It will be remembered that Acts speaks of baptizing "in the name of Jesus,"..." The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia, Vol. 4, page 2637, Under "Baptism," says: "Matthew 28:19 in particular only canonizes a later ecclesiastical situation, that its universalism is contrary to the facts of early Christian history, and its Trinitarian formula (is) foreign to the mouth of Jesus." New Revised Standard Version says this about Matthew 8:19: "Modern critics claim this formula is falsely ascribed to Jesus and that it represents later (Catholic) church tradition, for nowhere in the book of Acts (or any other book of the Bible) is baptism performed with the name of the Trinity..." James Moffatt's New Testament Translation: -

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In a footnote on page 64 about Matthew 28:19 he makes this statement: "It may be that this (Trinitarian) formula, so far as the fullness of its expression is concerned, is a reflection of the (Catholic) liturgical usage established later in the primitive (Catholic) community, It will be remembered that Acts speaks of baptizing "in the name of Jesus, cf. Acts 1:5 +." Tom Harpur: Tom Harpur, former Religion Editor of the Toronto Star in his "For Christ's sake," page 103 informs us of these facts: "All but the most conservative scholars agree that at least the latter part of this command [Triune part of Matthew 28:19] was inserted later. The [Trinitarian] formula occurs nowhere else in the New Testament, and we know from the only evidence available [the rest of the New Testament] that the earliest Church did not baptize people using these words ("in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost") baptism was "into" or "in" the name of Jesus alone. Thus it is argued that the verse originally read "baptizing them in My Name" and then was expanded [changed] to work in the [later Catholic Trinitarian] dogma. In fact, the first view put forward by German critical scholars as well as the Unitarians in the nineteenth century, was stated as the accepted position of mainline scholarship as long ago as 1919, when Peake's commentary was first published: "The Church of the first days (AD 33) did not observe this world-wide (Trinitarian) commandment, even if they knew it. The command to baptize into the threefold [Trinity] name is a late doctrinal expansion." The Bible Commentary 1919 page 723: Dr. Peake makes it clear that: "The command to baptize into the threefold name is a late doctrinal expansion. Instead of the words baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost we should probably read simply-"into My Name." Theology of the New Testament: By R. Bultmann, 1951, page 133 under Kerygma of the Hellenistic Church and the Sacraments. The historical fact that the verse Matthew 28:19 was altered is openly confessed, is very plainly. "As to the rite of baptism, it was normally consummated as a bath in which the one receiving baptism completely submerged, and if possible in flowing water as the allusions of Acts 8:36, Heb. 10:22, Barn. 11:11 permit us to gather, and as Did. 7:1-3 specifically says. According to the last passage, [the apocryphal Catholic Didache] suffices in case of the need if water is three times poured [false Catholic sprinkling doctrine] on the head. The one baptizing names over the one being baptized the name of the Lord Jesus Christ," later expanded [changed] to the name of the Father, Son, and the Holy Spirit." Doctrine and Practice in the Early Church: By Dr. Stuart G. Hall 1992, pages 20 and 21. Professor Stuart G. Hall was the former Chair of Ecclesiastical History at King's College, London England. Dr. Hall makes the factual statement that Catholic Trinitarian Baptism was not the original form of Christian Baptism, rather the original was Jesus name baptism. "In the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit," although those words were not used, as they later are, as a formula. Not all baptisms fitted this rule." Dr Hall further, states: "More common and perhaps more ancient was the simple, "In the name of the Lord Jesus or, Jesus Christ." This practice was known among Marcionites and Orthodox; it is certainly the subject of controversy in Rome and Africa about 254, as the anonymous tract De rebaptismate ("On rebaptism") shows." The Beginnings of Christianity: The Acts of the Apostles Volume 1, Prolegomena 1: The Jewish Gentile, and Christian Backgrounds by F. J. Foakes Jackson and Kirsopp Lake 1979 version pages 335-337. -

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"There is little doubt as to the sacramental nature of baptism by the middle of the first century in the circles represented by the Pauline Epistles, and it is indisputable in the second century. The problem is whether it can in this (Trinitarian) form be traced back to Jesus, and if not what light is thrown upon its history by the analysis of the synoptic Gospels and Acts. According to Catholic teaching, (traditional Trinitarian) baptism was instituted by Jesus. It is easy to see how necessary this was for the belief in sacramental regeneration. Mysteries, or sacraments, were always the institution of the Lord of the cult; by them, and by them only, were its supernatural benefits obtained by the faithful. Nevertheless, if evidence counts for anything, few points in the problem of the Gospels are so clear as the improbability of this teaching. The reason for this assertion is the absence of any mention of Christian baptism in Mark, Q, or the third Gospel, and the suspicious nature of the account of its institution in Matthew 28:19: "Go ye into all the world, and make disciples of all Gentiles (nations), baptizing them in the name of the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit." It is not even certain whether this verse ought to be regarded as part of the genuine text of Matthew. No other text, indeed, is found in any extant manuscripts, in any language, but it is arguable that Justin Martyr, though he used the triune formula, did not find it in his text of the Gospels; Hermas seems to be unacquainted with it; the evidence of the Didache is ambiguous, and Eusebius habitually, though not invariably, quotes it in another form, "Go ye into all the world and make disciples of all the Gentiles in My Name." No one acquainted with the facts of textual history and patristic evidence can doubt the tendency would have been to replace the Eusebian text (In My Name) by the ecclesiastical (Catholic Trinitarian) formula of baptism, so that transcriptional evidence" is certainly on the side of the text omitting baptism. But it is unnecessary to discuss this point at length, because even if the ordinary (modern Trinity) text of Matthew 28:19 be sound it cannot represent historical fact. Would they have baptized, as Acts says that they did, and Paul seem to confirm the statement, in the name of the Lord Jesus if the Lord himself had commanded them to use the (Catholic Trinitarian) formula of the Church? On every point the evidence of Acts is convincing proof that the (Catholic) tradition embodied in Matthew 28:19 is a late (non-Scriptural Creed) and unhistorical. Neither in the third gospel nor in Acts is there any reference to the (Catholic Trinitarian) Matthaean tradition, nor any mention of the institution of (Catholic Trinitarian) Christian baptism. Nevertheless, a little later in the narrative we find several references to baptism in water in the name of the Lord Jesus as part of recognized (Early) Christian practice. Thus we are faced by the problem of a Christian rite, not directly ascribed to Jesus, but assumed to be a universal (and original) practice. That it was so is confirmed by the Epistles, but the facts of importance are all contained in Acts." Also in the same book on page 336 in the footnote number one, Professor Lake makes an astonishing discovery in the so-called Teaching or Didache. The Didache has an astonishing contradiction that is found in it. One passage refers to the necessity of baptism in the name of the Lord, which is Jesus, while the other famous passage teaches a Trinitarian Baptism. Lake raises the probability that the apocryphal Didache of the early Catholic Church Manual may have also been edited or changed to promote the later Trinitarian doctrine. It is a historical fact that the Catholic Church at one time baptized its converts in the name of Jesus but later changed to Trinity baptism. -

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"1. In the actual description of baptism in the Didache the triune (Trinity) formula is used; in the instructions for the Eucharist (communion) the condition for admission is baptism in the name of the Lord. It is obvious that in the case of an eleventh-century manuscript *the triune formula was almost certain to be inserted in the description of baptism, while the less usual formula had a chance of escaping notice when it was only used incidentally." The Catholic University of America in Washington, D. C. 1923, New Testament Studies Number 5: The Lord's Command To Baptize An Historical Critical Investigation. By Bernard Henry Cuneo page 27. "The passages in Acts and the Letters of St. Paul. These passages seem to point to the earliest form as baptism in the name of the Lord." Also we find. "Is it possible to reconcile these facts with the belief that Christ commanded his disciples to baptize in the triune form? Had Christ given such a command, it is urged, the Apostolic Church would have followed him, and we should have some trace of this obedience in the New Testament. No such trace can be found. The only explanation of this silence, according to the anti-traditional view, is this the short christological (Jesus Name) formula was (the) original, and the longer trine formula was a later development." A History of The Christian Church: 1953 by Williston Walker former Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Yale University. On page 95 we see the historical facts again declared. "With the early disciples generally baptism was "in the name of Jesus Christ." There is no mention of baptism in the name of the Trinity in the New Testament, except in the command attributed to Christ in Matthew 28:19. That text is early, (but not the original) however. It underlies the Apostles' Creed, and the practice recorded (*or interpolated) in the Teaching, (or the Didache) and by Justin. The Christian leaders of the third century retained the recognition of the earlier form, and, in Rome at least, baptism in the name of Christ was deemed valid, if irregular, certainly from the time of Bishop Stephen (254-257)." On page 61 Professor and Church historian Walker, revises the true origin and purpose of Matthew 28:19. This Text is the first man-made Roman Catholic Creed that was the prototype for the later Apocryphal Apostles' Creed. Matthew 28:19 was invented along with the Apocryphal Apostles' Creed to counter socalled heretics and Gnostics that baptized in the name of Jesus Christ! Marcion although somewhat mixed up in some of his doctrine still baptized his converts the Biblical way in the name of Jesus Christ. Matthew 28:19 is the first non-Biblical Roman Catholic Creed! The spurious Catholic text of Matthew 28:19 was invented to support the newer triune, Trinity doctrine. Therefore, Matthew 28:19 is not the "Great Commission of Jesus Christ." Matthew 28:19 is the great Catholic hoax! Acts 2:38, Luke 24:47, and 1 Corinthians 6:11 give us the ancient original words and teaching of Yeshua/Jesus! Is it not also strange that Matthew 28:19 is missing from the old manuscripts of Sinaiticus, Curetonianus and Bobiensis? "While the power of the episcopate and the significance of churches of apostolical (Catholic) foundation was thus greatly enhanced, the Gnostic crisis saw a corresponding development of (man-made noninspired spurious) creed, at least in the West. Some form of instruction before baptism was common by the middle of the second century. At Rome this developed, apparently, between 150 and 175, and probably in opposition to Marcionite Gnosticism, into an explication of the baptismal formula of Matthew 28:19 the earliest known form of the so-called Apostles Creed." Catholic Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger: He makes this confession as to the origin of the chief Trinity text of Matthew 28:19. "The basic form of our (Matthew 28:19 Trinitarian) profession of faith took shape during the course of the second and third
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centuries in connection with the ceremony of baptism. So far as its place of origin is concerned, the text (Matthew 28:19) came from the city of Rome." The Trinity baptism and text of Matthew 28:19 therefore did not originate from the original Church that started in Jerusalem around AD 33. It was rather as the evidence proves a later invention of Roman Catholicism completely fabricated. Very few know about these historical facts. "The Demonstratio Evangelica" by Eusebius: Eusebius was the Church historian and Bishop of Caesarea. On page 152 Eusebius quotes the early book of Matthew that he had in his library in Caesarea. According to this eyewitness of an unaltered Book of Matthew that could have been the original book or the first copy of the original of Matthew. Eusebius informs us of Jesus' actual words to his disciples in the original text of Matthew 28:19: "With one word and voice He said to His disciples: "Go, and make disciples of all nations in My Name, teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you." That "Name" is Jesus. 2. Adapted from "A BRIEF CHRONOLOGY OF CHURCH HISTORY FROM 150 AD TO THE SCHISM IN 1054 AD" by Cooper Abrams This is a vital point in studying what is called, "Church History." Much of what is called Church History is in fact not a history of the true church at all, but the workings and organizations which Satan instituted to defeat it or dwarf the effectiveness of the true church in carrying out the Great Commission which is the spreading of the Gospel. Also, it is well to take into account that the word "church" (Greek: ekklesia ek-kay-see') biblically means, "a group of called out believers" or "assembly" of believers. It is never used to refer to a structured organization which rules over believers in various local congregations. Nowhere is the Bible do you find that meaning in reference to the church. In the great majority of the times the word church is used in the New Testament it refers to a "local" assembly of believers. That is important in determining what is a true example of a New Testament church. The New Testament clearly presents the early church as a group of independent small assembles of believers and never as a complicated organization with levels of authority in the form of a system of hierarchy as found today in such groups as Roman Catholicism, Protestantism and many so called "Christian" groups. The local church is presented in the Bible as a local group of believers who are independent and self governing, SOLELY using the Bible as its guide and rule of faith. When there is needed instruction, the church who truly follows the Biblical example, appeals the Scriptures, not to some higher up ranking organizational Bishop, Presbytery, Pope or any man made organization (Note - sda: There is nothing wrong with a group of true believers in organizing and growing as long as there is harmony, common faith and beliefs and that use the Bible as there sole guide. For Moses in wisdom set men over 10, 50, 100, etc to ease the burden of leading [Exodus 18:13-26] God’s people and the Apostles appointed men [Acts 6:1-7] to serve all the working of running the day to day details of the church while the Apostles went about praying and ministry of the word. Now don't get me wrong there are many, many ways in which having an organization can be good in that it helps in uniting the many individual local churches in outreach, ministry of home missions and foreign missions as well as in supporting cost of publishing material for Sunday School, Bible Colleges, and the list goes on but the most important thing to remember and hold to is that no matter the size, large or small, any organization is just a tool and nothing more and should not become the ruling body of any local church.). It most certainly does not appeal to the writings of past churchmen, established church history, tradition or supposed new revelation. In strictly letting the Holy Scriptures lead in all matters the church lets, God alone, apart from any wisdom or teaching of a man, guide it in truth. From studying church history several things become clear. The organized church as developed into the
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Roman Catholic and Greek Orthodox Church left the strict use of the Bible as its 'rule of' faith and practice and substituted the "opinions" of church leaders. Also, the church made two other major errors. First, it failed to remain separate from the state and compromised the Word of God. Second, by letting the state "in-mass" convert pagans and bring them into the church without true conversion it polluted the purity of the church. From a Biblical standpoint, even though there were saved people in its ranks, it ceased to be a Scriptural church and God had no part in it. However, one must realize that there were always those who followed the Biblical example of the church and the Gospel and never went into apostasy. These small groups of true believers, as stated earlier in these notes, were only in the limelight when the "organized" church was persecuting them. Some have said the church went into total apostasy, however one must define what is meant by the word "church." If one means the organized church the answer is a resounding, YES, it most definitely went into apostasy. But, if you mean the true churches that followed the Scriptures and was made up of "born again" believers, the answer is an absolute, NO. These believers never went into error. Even today, the majority of the organized churches in no way resemble what the New Testament presents as a true church. God cannot bless error and even though many of these "churches" grow stronger and show signs of truth and have many good works and has various miracles (Note - sda: Having miracles, and blessing in a church or even in an individuals life isn't a sign that they are right with God. Remember God will honor His word whether one is walking in truth or walking in partial truth as those in Matthew 7:21-24 will testify to that end in final judgment.). Moreover, the true church does exist today, and it does so in the form of local "called out” believers who have joined themselves together for the sole purpose in doing the Will of God. They are using the Bible as their sole 'rule of faith', obey the Scriptures and preach the Biblical Gospel of the death, burial and resurrection of the Lord Jesus Christ which is conveyed completely as recorded in Acts 2:38-39. They reject any loyalty to any hierarchy set up my man, or recognized no authority over them, save Jesus Himself as revealed in the Word of God. And this the true church, those who truly follow the commandments of God, will never be destroyed and shall remain a chaste bride unto the time of the Lord Himself, Christ Jesus, comes and takes it unto Himself and there it will remain forever. 3. A Dictionary of Christ and the Gospels, J. Hastings, 1906, page 170: (http://www.geocities.com/fdocc3/quotations.htm) and (http://www.godglorified.com/various_quotes.htm) "It is doubted whether the explicit injunction of Matt. 28:19 can be accepted as uttered by Jesus. ... But the Trinitarian formula in the mouth of Jesus is certainly unexpected." 4. A Dictionary of the Bible, Edited by James Hastings, M.A., D.D. Hendrickson Publishers, Inc." Volume 1 Baptism" IV (a.) James Hastings indicates: "The original form of words was ‘into the name of Jesus Christ1’ or ‘the Lord Jesus.’ Baptism into the name of the Trinity was a later development." 5.
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In Acts 4:12 Peter uses the word "must" which is the Greek preposition dei. In this passage it literally means, "it is necessary."(Exegetical Dictionary of the New Testament © 1990 by William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. All rights reserved) "Must" here is an emphatic word indicating compelling necessity and it is joined with "name" which is part of the "must." Not only is there only one-way to get salvation, e.g. through Jesus Christ, but there is only one saving name in baptism —Jesus Christ.
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geocities. A History of the Christian Church by Williston Walker (1953)2 Williston Walker former Professor of Ecclesiastical History at Yale University. but gradually in the name of the Triune God: Father. A History of the Christian Church by Williston Walker (1947) Page 58 “The trinitarian baptismal formula… was displacing the older baptism in the name of Christ. between 150 and 175. Page 61 Professor and Church historian Walker. Matthew 28:19 is the first non-Biblical Roman Catholic Creed! The spurious Catholic text of Matthew 28:19 was invented to support the newer triune." There is no mention of baptism in the name of the Trinity in the New Testament. A History of the Christian Church by Williston Walker Page 57-58 2 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. except in the command attributed to Christ in Matthew 28:19. at least in the West. That text is early. Luke 24:47. and probably in opposition to Marcionite Gnosticism.htm 3 From Merriam-Webster Speaking Dictionary & Thesaurus: Apocryphal means: 1. in Rome at least. Son and Holy Spirit” 6.” 7." Page 95 We see the historical facts again declared. the Gnostic crisis saw a corresponding development of (man-made noninspired spurious) creed. Some form of instruction before baptism was common by the middle of the second century. Not canonical: spurious – not genuine 2. apparently. Matthew 28:19 is not the "Great Commission of Jesus Christ. "With the early disciples generally baptism was "in the name of Jesus Christ. and the practice recorded (*or interpolated) in the Teaching.or Un-inspired. reviles the true origin and purpose of Matthew 28:19.com/fdocc3/quotations. and. Trinity doctrine. Therefore. D.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. Matthew 28:19 was invented along with the Apocryphal Apostles' Creed to counter so-called heretics and Gnostics that baptized in the name of Jesus Christ! Marcion although somewhat mixed up in some of his doctrine still baptized his converts the Biblical way in the name of Jesus Christ. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - -9- . (but not the original) however. baptism in the name of Christ was deemed valid." Matthew 28:19 is the great Catholic hoax! Acts 2:38. Having existence only in fiction 3. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. It underlies the Apostles' Creed. (or the Didache) and by Justin. if irregular. False.A History of Christian Though by Otto Heick (1965) Volume 1 Page 53 “At first baptism was administered in the name of Jesus. into an explication of the baptismal formula of Matthew 28:19 the earliest known form of the so-called Apostles Creed. At Rome this developed. certainly from the time of Bishop Stephen (254-257). and 1 Corinthians 6:11 give us the ancient original words and teaching of Yeshua/Jesus! Is it not also strange that Matthew 28:19 is missing from the old manuscripts of Sinaiticus.htm and http://www. This Text is the first man-made Roman Catholic Creed that was the prototype for the later Apocryphal3 Apostles' Creed. From The Ashe Word Etymology Dictionary©2002: Non.net) found at website: http://www." 8.apostolic. Curetonianus and Bobiensis? "While the power of the episcopate and the significance of churches of apostolical (Catholic) foundation was thus greatly enhanced. The Christian leaders of the third century retained the recognition of the earlier form.

19. Reference: Conybeare. (http://www. with the development of the doctrine of the Trinity. Others have added new evidence for a short ending of Matthew.10 - . Conybeare observed in some manuscripts of Eusebius.geocities. 28.” 9. A Journal of Biblical Textual Criticism. "Go and teach them to carry out all the things which I have commanded you forever. they were baptized ‘in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. 1998.4) (see Conybeare 1901). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .27. Petersen. C. 39. The Pennsylvania State University: Matt 28:19-20 In Shem-Tob's Hebrew Matthew. was reflected in Justin Martyr (Dial. (http://www. 1999.htm) Some Observations on a Recent Edition of and Introduction to Shem-Tob's "Hebrew Matthew". lacking the Trinitarian baptismal formula. Britannic Encyclopedia Volume 3 Page 82 “Everywhere in the oldest sources it states that baptism took place in the name of Jesus Christ." B 11. William L. 1901. He further states. was displacing the older baptism in the name of Christ. A Journal of Biblical Textual Criticism. Conybeare suggested that the short ending in Eusebius.htm) 68." 10. "The Eusebian Form of the Text Matth.” C 13. 73.Here the author dates the idea that the Holy Spirit is differentiated from Christ from a time early in the second century. The Hebrew text reads instead. Canney’s Encyclopedia of Religions (1970) Page 53 “Persons were baptized at first ‘in the name of Jesus Christ’… or ‘in the name of the Lord Jesus’… Afterwards. “This appears in the Trinitarian baptism formula.geocities." Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 2: 275-288. the "Great Commission" becomes: "Go and teach them to carry out all the things which I have commanded you forever. D.com/fdocc3/quotations. C.’” What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 9.” 12. and this evidence is discussed as well. 53) and Hermas (Sim.com/fdocc3/quotations. Black’s Bible Dictionary “The Trinitarian formula (Matthew 28:19) was a late addition by some reverent Christian mind. In this section I consider the short ending of Matthew in Shem-Tob's Hebrew Matthew and a similar short ending that F. F.

it was also at this council that the Trinitarian 4 5 Water Baptism according to the Bible and Historical Reference at: http://www. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. "The basic form of our (Matthew 28:19 Trinitarian) profession of faith took shape during the course of the second and third centuries in connection with the ceremony of baptism.org/tracts/baptism.” 16. Walker Page 57 –58 “The Christian thought at the beginning of the second century the Holy Ghost was differentiated from Christ. 1940 Book VI Chapter 28 The Rise Of Christianity And The Fall Of The Western Empire Section 8.” Page 95 “With the early disciples generally baptism was ‘in the name of Jesus Christ.apostolic-voice. were called together by the imperial power. So far as its place of origin is concerned. the text (Matthew 28:19) came from the city of Rome.” 14. Ephesus (431). and Chalcedon (451).. G. 15. The Trinitarian formula was frequently in use by the close of the first and beginning of the second century.net) found at website: http://www. the spirit of Jesus.11 - .” 7 This is where the first version of the document ‘The Nicene Creed’ was written.geocities. or more evident than. but all the great councils.apostolic. Constantine the Great Page 553 “ A very important thing for us to note is the role played by the emperor in the fixation of Christianity.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. and Holy Ghost. the two at Constantinople (381 and 553). And it is very manifest that in much of the history of Christianity at this time the spirit of Constantine the Great is as evident as." The Trinity baptism and text of Matthew 28:19 therefore did not originate from the original Church that started in Jerusalem around AD 33. afterward they were baptized in the name (titles) of the Father.htm and http://www.htm 6 The Outline Of History by H. Son.’ There is no mention of baptism in the name of the ‘Trinity’ in the New Testament.” Page 127-128 “Finally in 325 A. Catholic Cardinal Joseph Ratzinger5: He makes this confession as to the origin of the chief Trinity text of Matthew 28:19. Christian Institutions by Dean Stanley “Doubtless the more comprehensive from in which baptism is now everywhere administered in the threefold name… superseded the simpler from of that in the name of the Lord Jesus only. It was rather as the evidence proves a later invention of Roman Catholicism completely fabricated. 1931. Constantine6 called a council7 to try and settle the question over the Godhead.The early church always baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus until development of the Trinity Doctrine in the Second Century4. Church History by W. W. which was displacing the older baptism in the name of Christ (Jesus Christ). This appears in the Trinitarian baptismal formula. Very few know about these historical facts.com/fdocc3/quotations. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. Not only was the council of Nicea assembled by Constantine the Great. but was classified like Him with God. whether there were one or three persons in the Godhead.htm From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .D. Page 83 “The early church always baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus until the development of the Trinity in the second century. Wells © 1920. D.

though with one important difference: the Western church insisted on the inclusion of the phrase "and the Son" (known as the "filioque") in the article on the procession of the Holy Spirit. 10. It was accepted in its present form at the Council of Chalcedon in 451. London England. held in Constantinople. as follows: “No trace is to be found of the employment of these words (the name [titles] of the Father. 10:48. In all there were 3 versions of the ‘Nicene Creed’. and to the Armenian version.cfm THE OFFICIAL WEBSITE FOR ‘CRCNA MINISTRIES’: CHRISTIAN REFORMED CHURCH The Nicene Creed. and of the Holy Spirit) by the Apostolic Church. the Nicene Creed must be distinguished from the creed of Nicaea (325). 10 The Nicene Creed: From: http://www. especially Arianism. concerned the doctrine of the trinity and of the person of Christ. 11 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. also called the Nicaeno-Constantinopolitan Creed. 8 This is where and when the second version of the ‘Nicean Creed’ was written that replaced the first one. D. Dictionary of the Apostolic Church by Professor Kirsopp Lake D. 19:5.D. Doctrine and Practice of the Early Church by Dr. There is also no doubt that he represents an early stage of Christian practice in which baptism was ‘in the name of the Lord Jesus’ (or.water baptism formula was finally recognized by the religious world… After the Council of 3818. Hall (1992)11 Pages 20 and 21 Professor Stuart G.apostolic.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. an eminent commentator. The one religious leaders use today is the third and last revision. From Evangelical Dictionary of Theology (1984) Subject: Creed. to the later Latin version that includes the phrase "Deum de Deo" and "Filioque". Volume 1 Page 29 “There is no doubt that the writer of Acts regarded baptism as the normal means of entry into the Christian Church. is a statement of the orthodox faith of the early Christian church in opposition to certain heresies.12 - . Both the Greek (Eastern) and the Latin (Western) church held this creed in honor. 381).wikipedia. 8:16.D.crcna. Hall was the former Chair of Ecclesiastical History at King’s College.D. Commentary on Matthew by Lange Page 558 Here Lange quotes Meyer.. ‘of Jesus Christ’). This is the third revision from the original creed of Nicaea. but the "filioque" phrase was not added until 589. D. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .org/wiki/Nicene_Creed Nicene Creed can refer to the original version adopted at the First Council of Nicaea (325). and of the Son. These heresies. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. In its present form this creed goes back partially to the Council of Nicea (A. not in the triadic formula (Acts 2:38.net) found at website: http://www.9. Creeds Page 283 The Three Creeds: ‘Nicene’ “Despite its name. Stuart G.” 17. the Holy Spirit was recognized as being the third person in the Godhead. to the revised version adopted by the First Council of Constantinople (381). this phrase still is repudiated by the Eastern Orthodox church.org/pages/nicene_creed.com/fdocc3/quotations. each one was more ‘Trinitarian’ then the last one.geocities. which disturbed the church during the fourth century.” D 18.” 9 From: http://en. 325) with additions by the Council of Constantinople (A.)” 19. The third and final revision was due to Charlemagne that proposed to add the words filio que (making the Holy Spirit a person separate from the Father and the Son) to the creed thus making the final version around 800 A.htm and http://www.

and the laying on of hands. and the use of another formula in Acts and Paul. and that the Triune formula is a later addition. it remains to ask what likelihood there is of their having made a change in their own practice. Hall makes the factual statement that the Catholic Trinitarian Baptism was not the original form of Christian Baptism. and of the Holy Spirit. and of the Son. literary criticism and historical criticism. The Bible declares this emphatically. Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (1951) As to Matthew 28:19.’ Dr Hall further states: ‘More common and perhaps more ancient was the simple. but history also declares this great truth. If they had begun with baptism in one name (Jesus Christ) would they ever have been able to change over to baptism in the three…? It should be evident that baptism in the name of Jesus Christ is the original ‘water baptism’ in the New Testament Church. it says: It is the central piece of evidence for the traditional (Trinitarian) view. but its trustworthiness is impugned on grounds of textual criticism. Encyclopedia Biblica (1899) Volume 1 Page 473 “It is natural to conclude that baptism was administered in the earliest times ‘in the name of Jesus Christ.Dr.’ This practice was known among Marcionites and Orthodox. this would. Not all baptisms fitted this rule. D.24)--'for they baptise not into the trinity. 5. article: Baptism). To these were added. 22.” 21.” E 20. is that this other formula was the earlier. was simple immersion… in water. we are duly compelled to take the revealed truth of this one day. at various times and places which cannot be safely identified. (a) the trine name (Justin)…” What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. as the anonymous tract Derebaptismate (‘On rebaptism’) shows. Shall we refuse the Word of God and the facts as recorded by the historians of the past? Until sufficient proof can substantiate otherwise. “In the name of the Father.” Volume 11 Pages 384 and 389 “The formula used was ‘in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ’ or some synonymous phrase.13 - . the use of the name of the Lord. If it were undisputed. as a formula.'" (Encyclopedia Biblica. there is no evidence for the used of the trine name… The earliest from.’ although those word were not used. ‘In the name of the Lord Jesus or Jesus Christ.” "This was the formula of the followers of Eunomius (Socr. but into the death of Christ. represented in the Acts. be decisive. as was the later creed. rather the original was Jesus name baptism. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .’ or in that ‘of the Lord Jesus.’ This view is confirmed by the fact that the earliest forms of the baptismal confession appear to have been single – not triple. A Study In Anti-Nicene Theology (before the rise of the Trinitarian theory) by Joseph Crehan (1950) “The observance of the Lord’s command to baptize having now been traced back to the Apostles themselves. as they later are. which would be sufficient evidence. of course. The same Encyclopedia further states that: “The obvious explanation of the silence of the New Testament on the Triune name. Early Christian Baptism And The Creed. it is certainly the subject of controversy in Rome and Africa about 254.

htm and http://www. The command to baptize into the threefold (Trinity) name is a late doctrinal expansion.23. though pregnant with meaning.com/fdocc3/quotations. even if they knew it. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . This is the third revision from the original creed of Nicaea. was stated as the accepted position of mainline scholarship as long ago as 1919. the first view put forward by German critical scholars as well as the Unitarians in the nineteenth century.” F 24. later Bishop of Mopsuestia.14 - .” Subject: Creed. 33) did not observe this world-wide (Trinitarian) commandment. and we know form the only evidence available (the rest of the New Testament) that the earliest Church did not baptize people using these word (‘in the name of the Father.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. Christ himself.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 28:19) gives us authority for its observance. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology (1984) Edited by Walter A.” Page 113 “In essence the action is an extremely simple one.apostolic. by both precedent (Matt. developed historical criticism much further. Subject: Antiochene Theology Page 60 “Another presbyter. It consists in a going in or under the baptismal water in the name of Christ (Acts 19:5). Thus it is argued that the verse originally read ‘baptizing them in my name’ and then was expanded (changed) to work in the [later Catholic Trinitarian] dogma. former Religion Editor of the Toronto Star12 Page 103 Here he informs us of these facts: “All but the most conservative scholars agree that at least the latter part of this command [Triune part of Matthew 28:19] was inserted later. and of the Holy Ghost’) baptism was ‘into’ or ‘in’ the name of Jesus alone. The [Trinitarian] formula occurs nowhere else in the New Testament. Elwell PhD in New Testament Professor of Biblical and Theological Studies at Wheaton College Graduate School Contributors = 287 with 290 Degrees between them.geocities. 12 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. D. which from the earliest days (Acts 2:41) has been used as the rite of Christian imitation … there can be no doubt that baptism as we know it begins with the baptism of John. Creeds Page 283 The Three Creeds: ‘Nicene’ “Despite its name. Theodore.” 25. ‘Baptism’ denotes the action of washing or plunging in water. For Christ’ Sake by Tom Harpur. 3:13) and precept (Matt. In fact. He failed to find the doctrine of the Trinity in the Old Testament. the Nicene Creed must be distinguished from the creed of Nicaea (325). Willis (Cwillis@ipa. when Peake’s commentary was first published: ‘The Church of the first days (A. each one was more ‘Trinitarian’ then the last one.” Page 112 Subject: Baptism “Deriving from the Greek baptisma.D.net) found at website: http://www. and of the Son.

for in it I have endeavored to give a complete exposition of all the major doctrines espoused by Apostolic Pentecostal believers. I have also included personal incidents and experiences. He also served as High School Principal for 10 years. Ross Drysdale: He has been in the ministry for over 30 years. Phi Alpha Theta (History). He received his doctorate from Temple Fellowship Institute in California in 1978. I have relied upon the Bible as primary source in this endeavor. He also founded and set in order The First Pentecostal Church of Zambia. About the Author. Delta Phi Alpha (German). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . and has pastored the First Pentecostal Church of Inglis for the past twenty-four years. Gregory Boyd. Central Africa. and served in that capacity for a year. He is a published author. and quotations from scholars. Drysdale evangelizes in both Spanish and English as the Lord directs. for it is written. He is a member of three national honor fraternities. Beginning on Page 85 through 94: CHAPTER XIX VOICE OF HISTORY ARE TRINITARIANS CORRECT WHEN THEY INSIST THERE IS NOT ONE "SHRED OF EVIDENCE" THAT THE BAPTISMAL FORMULA WAS CHANGED? DO UNBIASED HISTORIANS AGREE? DID A SO-CALLED "ECUMENICAL COUNCIL" OUTLAW JESUS NAME BAPTISM? IS INVOKING JESUS NAME THE SAME AS USING "MAGICAL INCANTATIONS"? EARLY CHURCH HISTORY ON JESUS NAME BAPTISM CYPRIAN AND JESUS NAME BAPTISM A TREATISE ON REBAPTISM What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. My heartfelt prayer is that God will cause this book to be an instrument for the conversion of those "outside the message" and an armory of evidence for those within it. Rev. and an honorary doctorate in Education from the Organization for Higher Education in 1974. VOICE OF TRUTH. Oneness Pentecostals and the Trinity. His two previous works are "I NEVER SHALL FORGET." the story of his own spiritual odyssey. "To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word. I have addressed the charges leveled against us by Dr. Fluent in three languages. My book serves as a secondary purpose also. D." (Is 8:20). I have also used historical facts. Rev. Ross Drysdale In the PREFACE page 1 Pastor Drysdale writes: This book is written as a response to the arguments raised against the Oneness Pentecostal movement and its distinctive doctrines. both elementary and secondary. He has taught public school. Rev. in his book. an organization consisting of several assemblies dedicated to the Apostolic Truth. ecclesiastical history. in New York and Florida and was a co-operating teacher of the College of Education of the University of Florida in 1973.15 - . page 1 and 2: A word about Rev. early church writings. Drysdale's radio program. which I feel have a bearing on the case. Drysdale was ordained in the Spanish United Pentecostal Church and is currently a licensed minister of the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World. is a popular question and answer broadcast in Central Florida. In his spare time he restores older homes and has won an award for his landscape design. In addition to all this. He attained his Master of Arts in German from Jackson State University in 1973. Drysdale is currently working on another book which will deal with God's divine plan of the ages and its unfolding through the course of human history. both Trinitarian and Oneness. Staten Island. and Epsilon Delta Chi (Religion). He was licensed as a Professional Counselor in Florida in 1974. it is because there is no light in them. In particular.From the Book: IF YOU KNOW THIS THINGS by Rev. Rev. New York in 1968. He received his Bachelors Degree in History from Wagner College. published by Baker Book House. and "WHAT JEHOVAH SAID" a thorough expose of the Watchtower cult from an Oneness perspective.

Amazing how all these raging Godhead debates and Councils have now been reduced to a "quibble. Boyd is in quite a hurry to sweep church history under the rug in order to get on with his multi-explanations of what "in the Name of" could mean. V. KITTEL'S FINAL WORD TOYING WITH THE GREEK PERSONAL INCIDENTS DIVINE GUIDANCE FOR JEANNE FOWLER JOEY BRAY'S REMARKABLE DELIVERANCE EARLY CHURCH HISTORY ON JESUS NAME BAPTISM Dr. immediately obtains the grace of Christ. Stephen. certainly qualifies as 'Shred" of evidence that there was some ": quibbling going on. and the Bishop of Rome. "A Treatise on Rebaptism." Cyprian argued back against this saying even Baptism in Jesus Name." Putting that aside. was invalid because it had not been administered by the Church's jurisdiction. He remarks that the early church "quibbled" about a good many issues.AMBROSE AND JESUS NAME BAPTISM COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE EARLY WRITINGS AND JESUS NAME BAPTISM SHEPHERD OF HERMAS DIDACHE IRENAEUS MARCION ACTS OF PAUL AND THECLA RECOGNITION OF CLEMENT JESUS NAME -. BOYD'S CHARGE TRINITARIAN GNOSTIC INCANTATION DR. Bishop of Caesarea (in Cappadocia) wrote Cyprian and quoted Pope Stephen as saying that anyone baptized in "the name of Christ. a theologian of North Africa.00. 72. 383) A TREATISE ON REBAPTISM Further evidence comes from an anonymous document of this time period entitled. on three continents over a number of years and results in a decision from the See of Rome. but the use of the Trinitarian formula was not one of them. p." in which the author (believed to be a Third Century What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.16 - . I think an argument that involves these Bishops. The Pope stubbornly insisted that baptism in the name of Christ did indeed remit sin." (See Cyprian. let us see if there are any "shreds" of controversy lying around in the dusty tomes of early church history. Firmillian. A. Epistles. CYPRIAN AND JESUS NAME BAPTISM Quite a large controversy erupted in the third century between Cyprian. performed outside the Catholic Church.F. Cyprian insisted that "heretics" who were baptized in Jesus Name be rebaptized in the Trinity. He unilaterally declares that there is not "one shred of evidence" over the introduction of a new baptismal formula in church history. D.N. Cyprian set off a controversy that drew in others.THE ORIGINAL FORMULA CONTROVERSY ON MATTHEW 28:19 EUSEBIUS CONYBEARE MATTHEW 28:19 AND ONENESS ADVOCATES TRINITARIAN VARIATIONS THE NAME OF THE LORD METHOD NAME OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST METHOD GODHEAD NAME METHOD DISPENSATIONAL METHOD MAGICAL INCANTATION OR BIBLICAL INVOCATION? TERTULLIAN ANSWERS DR. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .

." the other in the name of the Trinity: one. and no one enters into the Kingdom of God without the Name of Jesus. thus hurling another challenge to Cyprian's view. 3:7). This is the next generation after the Apostle John. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . p." (See.D. It was recognized in some churches as scripture and read aloud during the service. The Council of Constantinople condemned "Sabellian" baptism (as they called it) and in addition to the "Constitutions of the Holy Apostles" the practice of "one immersion into the death of Christ" was outlawed and the triple immersion in the Trinity was declared the only valid one.F.N. It refers to Baptism in this manner: "Let no one eat or drink of your Eucharist. even though it didn't mention "The Name of the Whole Trinity. The Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics states that perhaps chapter 7:1 originally read "in the name of the Lord" like chapter 9:5 (vol. The earliest witness we have after the close of the Apostolic writings (which are all unanimous on the Jesus Name formula) is the "Epistle to the Corinthians" by Clement of Rome. It was written in Rome (140-145) by an unknown individual. V. I. 3:3). he is dead" but when they are sealed by baptism "they descend into the water dead and they arise alive" (Sim.one "in Jesus Name. The author concluded his presentation with the statement: "Heretics who are already baptized in water in the Name of Jesus Christ must only be baptized with the Spirit. p.380). 73). COUNCIL OF CONSTANTINOPLE By 381. and what does Clement say of the baptismal formula? He refers to it in these words: "Every soul over whom his magnificent and holy name has been invoked. MacMillan 1970. He speaks of Christian being saved "through water" and "founded on the word of The Almighty and Glorious Name" (Vis. He speaks of being worthy "to bear his name" (Sim. A. It certainly seems that "two formulas" are locked in battle -. (See.N. Boyd? Could it be that the next most logical question to arise would be which formula was the first one? And as Trinitarians have long realized. the answer to that question is fatal to their contention. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Another chapter (7:1) also referred to baptism in the "Name of the Lord" but was altered by a copyist who inserted the triune formula instead.F. and references to "pouring" instead of immersion. and of those who "wish to be baptized in the Name of the Lord" (Vis. Early Christian Fathers. is decreed the "winner" by imperial force. 2. tolerance for the original Jesus Name formula came to an end. SHEPHERD OF HERMAS The next early witness we have is "The Shepherd of Hermas" a very popular writing in the early Second Century Church. a famous theologian and early father. 378). IRENAEUS. New York.. p. but they who have been baptized into the name of the Lord" (9:5). p.." (See Ambrose. 9:28). A. Of the Holy Spirit I.F. Phillip Schaff. p. 9:16). editor). That this was a latter mutilation of the text is substantiated by the fact that "pouring" was a much later Catholic innovation.17 - .43.the Name of Jesus (Cyril Richardson. if we can be that charitable. MARCION who broke away from the Church at this time baptized in Jesus Name and his followers continued to use this formula (see A. DIDACHE The Didache. EARLY WRITINGS AND JESUS NAME BAPTISM Let’s look at some of the early writings and see if there is something among these "shreds" that could throw light on which was the original formula. Here it is baptism in Jesus Name again and again. by Dr. 574). writes: "We are made clean by means of the sacred water and the invocation of the Lord" (A. 9:12).N. VII.Bishop) argued in favour of the validity of Jesus Name baptism. the other is outlawed. and "before a man bears the Name of the Son of God. Why was all this passed over so hastily. D." A comparison with Acts 15:17 and 22:16 shows this to be an obvious reference to the only name ever so invoked in Apostolic times -. p. who died in 200 A. Apparently the debate was quite ongoing. The Nicene and Post Nicene Fathers.513) There's more than a shred of controversy going on here. or Teaching of the Twelve Apostles. the Trinitarian formula. iii. is another early Second Century document..665-78) AMBROSE AND JESUS NAME BAPTISM In the Fourth Century Ambrose (340-398) argued baptism in Jesus Name was valid. which they must receive (Sim.F. p.N. V.

Instead of the words." R.F.18 - .N. In his library. with its imperial threats of banishment to all who reject the newly officialized Trinity doctrine.THE ORIGINAL FORMULA The early witness of the Church.R. a Triune one." (History of Dogma." is one statement that appears there. p. Peake says in Bible Commentary: "The command to baptize into the threefold name is a late doctrinal expansion. General Survey of the History of the Canon of the New Testament. sates under the article. as a witness. "In the name of Jesus Christ I am baptized on my last day. p. I. Black’s Bible Dictionary says: "The Trinitarian Formula (Matthew 28:19) was a late addition by some reverent Christian mind" (article. VIII. he changed his references to Matthew 28:19 and began quoting it in the triune formula! Thus he switched to the Trinitarian rendering immediately after Nicea. And that is precisely the reason why unprejudiced scholars and church historians. 68). vol. Westcott says it is owing to the zeal of Eusebius that we know most of what is known of the history of the New Testament. not only of Baptism. Baptism-Early Christian: "The cumulative evidence of these three lines of criticism (textual. For if the Name is one. 264-340. 29). Williams concurs: "The command to baptize in Matthew 28:19 is thought to show the influence of a developed doctrine of God verging of Trinitarianism. He had access to New Testament manuscripts that are much older than the ones we now have. EUSEBIUS lived between A. namely that which Origen and Pamphilus had collected at Caesarea. creeping in. Thus he had the advantage of being much closer to the original writing of Matthew 28:19. the person is one. Yet he never quoted it in the Triune formula. Eusebius must have handled codices of the Gospels older by two hundred years than the earliest uncials that we now have in our libraries. Dr. Perhaps the most compelling evidence we get from Eusebius is that after his visit to Constantinople and his attendance at the Council of Nicea. p. It isn't until the time of Justin Martyr that we begin to see another formula. not only from an What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. CONTROVERSY ON MATTHEW 28:19Some scholars have even gone so far as to say Matthew 28:19 was a later "interpolation. are in agreement with our position. Indeed. whatsoever I commanded you. He was a voluminous writer and compiled the earliest history of the ancient Christian Church. (Westcott. Early baptism was in the name of Christ" (Theological Workbook of the Bible. he cannot be ignored. 723).Hastings Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics. but in all his citations (which number eighteen or more) he renders the text as: "Go ye and make disciples of all the nations IN MY NAME. it forms an indispensable scriptural link in our revelation. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Certainly. 'baptizing them into the Name of the Father. Baptism). Hew never knew or quoted any other form but the "My name" rendition until his visit to Nicea. informs us that Eusebius lived virtually in the greatest Christian library of his time." Only after Nicaea does he alter this! CONYBEARE. literary and historical) is thus distinctly against the view that Matthew 28:19 represents the exact words of Christ.." Trinitarian baptism is an unapostolic innovation that eventually replaced the original Jesus Name formula. 490). in which they might be absolved of all their sins upon the invocation of his Name" (Recognition 1:39). but of the Godhead also. right after the death of the Apostles. JESUS NAME -. 108). Son. Discretion appears to be the better part of valor in his case! MATTHEW 28:19 AND ONENESS ADVOCATES Let it be pointed out that the UPCI and other Oneness organizations have no quarrel with Matthew 28:19 as it is found in the Authorized Version. which we previously cited. Dr. teaching them to observe all things." Professor Harnack dismisses the text almost contemptuously as being "now word of the Lord. In the Second and Third Centuries the two formulas are in use (even as they are today). indicates a continued practice of baptism in Jesus Name. p. the church historian. and Holy Spirit' we should probably read simply 'into my Name' " (p. We have shown previously how a complete and enlightening reconciliation of Matthew 28:19 with the passages in Acts is possible. RECOGNITION OF CLEMENT The "Recognition of Clement" of late Second Century origin stated: "Jesus instituted baptism by water amongst them.D.ACTS OF PAUL AND THECLA The "Acts of Paul and Thecla" written by an eastern Presbyter in the second century also records an account of baptism in the Name of Jesus Christ (see A. Eusebius' home. But it is quite obvious which one is "the new kid on the block. D.

Lord) are abbreviated forms of the original full name -. and the Name of the Holy Spirit is Lord (2 Cor. K. 42:8). and is quoted still. None of these four "reconciliation’s" is official Oneness doctrine. However. they all possess merit to some degree and are certainly worth our time. We have included the textual discussion of Matthew 28:19 and the related witness of Eusebius simply to make the discussion complete and to expose our readers to this facet of the question. 2 Cor. the Name of the Son is Jesus (Matthew 1:21). etc. Son and Holy Spirit is Lord Jesus Christ (Conner. We shall review them briefly with the understanding that they are being set forth as additional testimony. and has been republished in abridged form by the Pentecostal Publishing House. Acts 16:31. Iverson. Hall feels his views about the baptismal formula being in Jesus Name were "imparted to him by the Glorified Lord Jesus Christ" (Remarkable Biblical Discovery. Conner’s book carries an endorsement by Rev. And. Pastor of Bible Temple in Portland. Is. Hence. thus the one name of the Father. The author was a brilliant scholar. 11:31. he reaches same conclusions as Hall. who is the one mediator and the only way to God. It is only rarely heard in Oneness circles today.19 - . resulting in a literal use of the name of Jesus Christ in baptism today. but is popular among some Trinitarians. However. the name of the Son is Lord (Acts 2:36." James Lee Beall. 5). and of the Holy Spirit is Lord. published by the author. Rev. See for example 1 Cor. but all of them advocate baptism in Jesus Name as the proper way to obey Christ's command in the last chapter of Matthew.R. a Trinitarian church. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . None of these men believe in the Oneness. Perhaps archaeology or Biblical Research will yield more light on this interesting phase of the discussion in the future. For Christ may have uttered both statements on that mountain long ago. and the Apostles. The basic explanation is this: The Name of the Father is Lord (Luke 10:21. P. p. Christ's reference to "the name of the Father. Acts 20:21.H. Jesus Christ. Hence. Hall does a remarkable piece of research proofing that the original baptismal formula in Acts was consistently "in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ" according to the most ancient manuscripts and sources. and their mention here does not imply endorsement. Louis. and of the Son. D. p. studied both Hebrew and Greek.Lord Jesus Christ. and of the Holy Spirit" was just a longer way of saying "my name. Oregon. 5:4. It even preceded the revelation given in 1913 in California. and was well esteemed by Bible Teachers of his day. and of the Son. 115-116). facts are facts and stubborn things at that. 1:27). Pastor of Bethesda Temple in Detroit. the apostles always used the full expression "Lord Jesus Christ" which combined the Name of the Godhead (Lord) with that of the mediator (Jesus Christ). of course.P. While visiting a very large Trinitarian church in Texas. 3:17). I purchased the book entitled "The Name of God" by Kevin Conner." When people finally realize this. William Phillips Hall popularized it in his book "Remarkable Biblical Discovery" or "The Name of God According to the Scriptures. espouses the exact What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. For to us. Michigan. the Name of the Holy Spirit is Christ (Col. NAME OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST METHOD This interpretation was also used occasionally by Oneness expositors in the early days of the Movement.. THE NAME OF THE LORD METHOD This is perhaps the oldest explanation for Baptism in Jesus Name in modern times. namely that the original baptismal formula texts in Acts are all "in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. 1 Cor 8:6). Basically. 42:8). The references we have today (Lord Jesus. 1951. I know of no Oneness organization that endorses any other reading of Matthew 28:19 than what we have in the Textus Receptus. the reconciliation is accomplished as follows: The Name of the Father is Lord (Mark 12:29-30." This book was originally published by the American Tract Society. The beauty of the Oneness position is that regardless of which rendering of Matthew 28:19 is the correct one. His book received excellent reviews at the time of publication. for they refuse to go away. Is.Oneness perspective. TRINITARIAN VARIATIONS Trinitarian scholars themselves come up with no less than four different methods of reconciling Matthew 28:19 with the passages in Acts. the conclusion is still the same -baptism in Jesus Name. It was being sold in their bookstore at the time and highly recommended. But this name can only be used in conjunction with the name of Jesus Christ. the Name of the Father. the textual conflict may resolve itself almost automatically. but from a Trinitarian one as well. St.

While the Son bears the exalted name. Son and Holy Ghost is to be preferred. D. James Lee Beall.. Grand Rapids.. The subconscious desire of Trinitarians to conform to the obvious pattern of Jesus Name Baptism in the Acts of the Apostles. in his book "Bible Questions Answered. DISPENSATIONAL METHOD In response to a question on the correct baptismal formula. praying for the healing of her suffering child "in Jesus' Name.same interpretation in his book "Rise to Newness of Life" on pages 60-61. (Rise to Newness of Life. 19:5). p. Son and Holy Spirit are revealed and manifested in the second person Christ. D. who was a firm believer in Baptism in Jesus Name.. the Father and Spirit are equally exalted for they are all one in essence" (The Exalted Name. the simple explanation of our Lord (John 5:43." Furthermore he adds: "of course. Michigan)." let loose yet another interpretation that results in a Jesus Name baptismal formula.The Name of the Lord Jesus is in this day and dispensation the name which is above every name. And it is that light which is shining brightly in the Oneness movement. . but will take effect only after Christ returns.” he resurrects an old charge that "magic" and pagan "incantations" designed to manipulate God.. Pettingill.D. 14:26) as to what constitutes the one Name of the father. and much merit in some of them. GODHEAD NAME METHOD Basically this method teaches that seeing the "fullness of the Godhead dwells bodily in Jesus Christ" then his name must be the name of the Godhead. but it apparently satisfied the good Doctor. To prove this he says: "Let it be observed also that the baptisms of the Acts are not 'into the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit' but rather 'into the name of the Lord Jesus' (Acts 2:38. Pettingill. which is now encircling the globe in preparation for the return of our Great God and Saviour. 1973. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . that the Matthew 28:19 command is part of the Gospel of the Kingdom." How well does that sit with the thousands. 145). Lucy Knott. Dr. In other words. Detroit. therefore his name is also the name.. Nazarene Publishing House. Missouri 1937. He basically argues." feel when informed by Dr.20 - . Though there is merit in all of them. 226-227). and whatsoever we do in word or deed is to be done in the Name of the Lord Jesus. Pastor Beall is also a Trinitarian and well known Bible teacher and author. yea millions. 8:16. This one is by far the most unusual. In her book "The Exalted Name" Lucy Knott stated: "In the Lord Jesus Christ dwelleth all the Fullness of the Godhead bodily. who over the centuries have sent their earnest petitions heavenward "in Jesus Name?" How would the humble Christian mother.. That a 20th Century Christian would find common cause with first and second century heathens in opposing the invocation of Jesus name is as startling as it is revolting! On page 144 Dr. Boyd compares our invocation to a "magical formula said during an act. He also baptizes in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ. He therefore calls it the "Kingdom Commission. but we are convinced that this is an error. Evangel Press. which reveals and manifests all three persons. "Magical incantations upon which God's forgiveness rests" is how he characterizes our doctrine of "in the name of Jesus. Zondervan Publishing House. Jesus Christ! MAGICAL INCANTATION OR BIBLICAL INVOCATION? In his final attempt to discredit those of us who "in every place call upon the Name of Jesus Christ our Lord. in the Trinitarian scheme of things the Father. p. Kansas City. Boyd that her use of the "name above every name" was a "pagan incantation." (William L." and that what she thought was "faith in that name" was actually an attempt at "manipulating the deity!" And what shall we say of that "Magician" Peter who "verbally" repeated His Jesus Name "incantation" at the Gate Beautiful and "manipulated" the Deity to such an extent that the lame man immediately received strength in his feet and ankle bones and was healed! He himself was so happy with this "incantation" that What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.” He feels Matthew is "Kingdom" territory and does not apply to the Church Age. from an extreme dispensational point of view. coupled with their unwillingness to part with their Trinitarian Theology has led to this brood of hybrid and novel attempts at reconciliation. 10:48. The Exalted Name must needs show forth the Father and the Spirit as well as the Son. we are well aware that it is often spoken of as the Great Commission of the Church. of Christians. 106-107)." He feels it presents a "return to a form of paganism in which it is believed that deities can be manipulated to behave in certain ways by the utilization of certain incantations and formulas invoked by devotees" (p.

"one in essence with the Father. when he said: "If ye shall ask anything in my name. thou Mighty Epilepsy. For we cannot but speak the things which we have seen and heard" (Acts 4:19-20). or any other invocation of His Name. who viewed Christian Baptism as an attempt to gain eternal life through "incanting" of a few words and a ritual bath in water. which is "incanted" in many Trinitarian churches as part of the liturgy." Dr.2). calling it "pagan magic?" Why would anyone want to put himself in the same class as that bitter Christ-hating Sanhedrin which ordered Peter "not to speak at all. That was Peter's explanation of both his "magic trick" and his "incantation!" John Wesley's converts were once accused by a detractor of suffering from "epileptic fits. Anyone who sees only that in Christian baptism. whom God raised from the dead. but with the Father! TRINITARIAN GNOSTIC INCANTATION If Dr. if we this day be examined of the good deed done to the impotent man. D. Wesley's answer was: "Epilepsy? Sinners are converted. by Dr. "Roll On thou mighty Magic. and thieves become honest workingmen! If this be epilepsy then I say. it comes from the Paul: "and whatsoever ye do in word or deed. Peter's explanation for "verbally" using the name of Jesus differs somewhat from Dr. and ye shall receive. 3:17). Roll on!" TERTULLIAN ANSWERS DR. that by the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth.he went leaping and walking and praising God. his response was: "ye rulers of the people and elders of Israel. Roll On. What logic is it that would bind on all Christendom a pagan gnostic phrase. has very myopic vision indeed! And unfortunately. 127). For when those first century haters of the "formula" asked him: "By what power or by what name" have ye done this. KITTEL'S FINAL WORD In G. Boyd and others. whom ye crucified. but it doesn't come from the Gnostics. He will give it to you. nor teach in the name of Jesus" (See Acts 4:18)? That's the real intent of all this nonsensical twaddle about "magic" And "incantation" and "manipulation. p. We too have a creed. The devils of Hell couldn't be more pleased! And there can be no doubt as to who the real author of this theory is! Our response is the same as Peter's and John's. by what means he is made whole: Be it known to you all. Boyd shares the same viewpoint concerning our Baptism in Jesus Name as those early pagans espoused.” p. has a Gnostic pagan phrase at its heart! I quote from "The Heretics" by Walter Nigg. that your joy may be full. If that's "incantation" and "manipulation" so be it! More on this so-called "magic" formula is brought out in John 16:24: "Hitherto have ye asked nothing in my name: ask. Boyd's explanation. judge ye. and one which had no precedence in the Bible." It's the same Spirit that fuels their "no baptismal formula" heresy. doubters are convinced.” So if our use of Jesus Name be magic. Commenting on the phrase. giving thanks to God and the Father by him" (Col. Boyd's argument therefore is not wit us." We ask "in His Name" and our joy is quite full. and the same answer Tertullian gave is still applicable: "Yet what a miserable incredulity is this which leads you to deny to God His special properties" (Simplicity With Power. do all in the name of the Lord Jesus. Jesus Christ forever negated the charge leveled against our use of the name. It is an outright and disgusting attempt to silence the Name of Jesus from being verbally uttered. Roll On.21 - . I will do it" (John 14:14). this had the defect of having been originally a gnostic phrase. repeated continually in a creed. drunks become sober." in the Nicene Creed." IN this way he "explained" away the spiritual manifestations occurring in Wesley’s enthusiastic meetings. and yet at the same time ridicule the verbal invocation of the name of Jesus Christ. and to all the people of Israel. For the Nicene Creed. he doesn't have to look any further than his own Trinitarian faith. then I would say in the tradition of Wesley. Dr. de Baptism. BOYD'S CHARGE Tertullian faced the same charges in the early Christian Church from pagans. Christ had just previously defined the nature of this "incantation -manipulation" so called. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . when he said in verse 23 "Whatsoever ye shall as the father My Name. he writes concerning the expression "calling on the Name": "The Hebrews expression 'calling on the name of the Lord' originally signified 'To invoke the deity with the Name Yahweh' and still bears traces of What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. "Whether it be right in the sight of God to hearken unto you more than God. DR. Kittel's "Theological Dictionary of the New Testament. 255. he writes: of course. backsliders return. Boyd is serious about his aversion to "pagan incantations" in Christianity. even by him doth this man stand before you whole" (Acts 4:7-10). Tertullian." (p.

the invocation bears the weaker sense of 'calling on Yahweh' i. and requested to say something. Yahweh refuses to be conjured up by the utterance of his name. But if these so-called "Masters of Greek" had done their homework. such experiences. and Holy Ghost. away back in 1950. Thus the Name of Yahweh is not an instrument of magic.. should be taken into consideration as corroborating evidence. She was greatly concerned about her soul and had been repenting and asked God to forgive her.22 - . and the magical notion disappears.a magical constraint which can be exercised by utterance of the Name. "into the name. I would now like to recount two remarkable incidents which occurred in my ministry relative to the doctrine in question. He agreed to do this after the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. WHEN THE ORIGINAL GREEK OF THE BIBLE IS PROPERLY ANALYZED. Though their error has been corrected repeatedly in the past. IS THERE ONE EXAMPLE OF ANYONE IN THE BIBLE BEING BAPTIZED IN THE TITLES? TOYING WITH GREEK In a desperate attempt to stifle discussion on Baptism in Jesus Name. they would have found that Paul commanded the Ephesian disciples to be baptized "into" the name of the Lord Jesus in Acts 16:6. She continued with her story and told how she had entered the church and asked the pastor to baptize her. PERSONAL INCIDENTSI realize that subjective personal. Son. because John Paterson pointed this out to them in his book. Having established the scriptural veracity of Baptism in Jesus' Name.." Thus they contend that Matt 28:19 actually says to be baptized "into" the name of the Father. I was teaching my Sunday School Class when a very frail woman entered the church and staggered down the aisle. SON AND HOLY GHOST. and with great physical effort. experiences." This collapses their quibble entirely. She had read where you needed to be baptized to be saved in Mark 16:16 and so had packed a change of clothes.." (JOHN 5:43). IT PROVES BAPTISM "INTO THE NAME OF JESUS CHRIST" WAS THE ORIGINAL AND ONLY FORMULA. when supported by clear Biblical precedent. is different from the Greek expression in Acts 2:38. no matter how spectacular. so I consented. She informed me that she had cancer and could only live a few more weeks. Finally she raised her hand. This does not rule out the fact that uttering or calling on Yahweh's name implies faith in his Power. certain Trinitarians of late have taken to using the Greek in their argument. WHEN WE INVOKE HIS NAME WE ARE NOT USING MAGIC.. misusing the Name of God in magic and incantation is expressly forbidden in the Decalogue.." while Christ's words are said to be the actual formula. In the Old Testament. worshipping him. it is a gift of revelation. Did they think enough time had elapsed and it was safe to turn this thrice-resuscitated argument loose on their unsuspecting readers yet again? One can only hope that the lid is finally nailed shut on this nonsense... She seated herself near the front of the church and waited patiently for the lesson to end. apologizing for taking up my time. any reputable Greek scholar would inform them that there is no difference between the two expressions."The Oneness position exactly! JESUS SAID: "I AM COME IN MY FATHER'S NAME AND YE RECEIVE ME NOT.. 1:4).. He promises his coming at the appointed shrines when he is called upon there.. The woman seemed to be in earnest about something.. The exact same Greek expression is used here as in Matt 28:19. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . The Real Truth about Baptism in Jesus Name. they are equivalent to each other. Of course. whereas Peter's command is merely to be baptized "in" the name of Jesus. had driven to a nearby church. She mentioned the name of the Church and I recognized it as a local Trinitarian assembly. they will not cease employing it. A NAME WHICH HE INHERITED FROM HIS FATHER (HEB. However. These "lower lights" keep burning. D. cannot replace the Word of God as a doctrinal guide. DIVINE GUIDANCE FOR JEANNE FOWLER In the summer of 1976. THEY RECEIVED CERTIFICATES SIMILAR TO THIS ONE. Peter's words are thus interpreted to only mean "by the authority of Jesus.. BUT FAITH! MILLIONS OF PEOPLE HAVE BEEN BAPTIZED IN THE TITLES FATHER. Indeed.e." Their basic contention is that the Greek expression rendered "in the name" in Matt 28:19. but they send no gleam of truth "across the waves. which is also translated into English as "in the name. of course.. and they should apologize to their reading public. They are without excuse. THIS IS PROOF THAT CHRIST BEARS HIS FATHER'S NAME.

He said: "Shouldn't I be baptized?" I responded affirmatively. JOEY BRAY'S REMARKABLE DELIVERANCEA second incident occurred while I was attending a Pentecostal convention in Houston. she is in heaven worshipping the One-Personal God. The spirit came out of him and a great calm swept over him. behold. for here she would be baptized in the proper way. all things are become new" (1 Corinthians 5:17). not knowing where to go next. He used it to dry off with. I baptized her in Jesus Name for the remission of sins. He said to get up and leave the service at once. I met a young man who needed a job. just like I did in the Gulf that night. As we sat and listened to her most unusual story. and she must go somewhere else. The wind here blows very cold sometimes. It had completely disappeared. soft and dry. I am confident that at this very moment as I write her testimony and her face comes up before me in memory. He pointed to the vast Gulf of Mexico that stretched before us on all sides. Next I led him in a prayer of repentance as he turned his life over to Christ. the shirt was not at the spot we had left it. She drove her car. but I don't mind.service. He tried to flee the car but we were on a high bridge by this time and I refused to stop. With genuine sincerity in her eyes she looked at me and asked: "Pastor. Shortly after that she passed on to her reward. but told him I did not have a church in this city and therefore had no access to a baptistery. I began rebuking the spirit that was in him. I know he is with me. I told him he was demon possessed and needed to be delivered. I have no place to live and I walk the streets looking for work. I myself was astonished at such an amazing recitation. D. I thought it would be a good opportunity to witness to him. He asked me if that was of God. When we got to Galveston. Your brother. The few remaining tourists that straggled past us that night gave us a wide berth! I'm sure it presented quite a sight. There was no one on the beach at this late hour and the tide was coming in. We both got out. On the way he began to speak in a very disjointed and incoherent fashion. We separated. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . But more was to come. I stopped the car alongside their famous sea wall. While seated in that Trinitarian church she heard the Lord speak to her very clearly and distinctly. and instructed her to be seated and join them in worship.23 - . he is a new creature: old things are passed away. a holy awe settled over the congregation. and I will bless thee" (Exodus 20:24). and both of us were convinced this was a miraculous sign from God: "Therefore if any man be in Christ. And this apparently includes Tee-shirts (at least in this case anyhow). our church did it in Jesus Name. I am in Chicago now. He claimed to be able to understand the speech of animals and to get "revelations" from them. (Acts 8:36). It had a satanic symbol on it! I told him I could not baptize him with such an evil sign on him. He agreed and took the shirt off and threw it on the sand. and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. His next remark caught me by surprise. I knew there had been a change. but obedient. Just as if an angel had brought it down for him. our Lord Jesus Christ. she quietly slipped out. When she came near by church the same voice of the Lord told her to stop and go in and request baptism. "IN all places where I record my name I will come unto thee. Startled. In the moonlight I caught a glimpse of his shirt. because they could not baptize her correctly there. then I feel so much better. about midnight. which is the Name of the Father. I knew of an employment opportunity in Galveston and agreed to drive him there. I just pray to God and talk to him in unknown tongues. IN its place lay a clean new white towel neatly folded. and like the Ethiopian of old. We proceeded into the water and I immersed him in the saving name of Jesus. I told him it was indeed sufficient. Joey Later the same young man came to Florida and What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. I told him he had a demon. but several months later I received a letter from him: Dear Brother Ross. what is the difference between your baptism and that other church's? God would not let me be baptized there and I want to know why?" I explained that even though we both immersed candidates in water. he asked why this would not be sufficient. As he came out of the water he began speaking in tongues! What a wonderful time we had! When we returned to the shore. Somewhat embarrasses for not having realized what a mighty "baptistery" God had provided us. Then something remarkable happened. But I know God is with me. whose Name she took on in baptism. He agreed and fell down at my feet sobbing and holding me fast by the ankles so I could not leave. The other church merely repeated the titles without mentioning the name. She readily saw this truth and then realized why God had led her to our church.

confirmed his testimony before my entire congregation.24 - . and they shall no more be remembered. as top how God led them into this remarkable truth of the one true name of God. D. revealed in water baptism. and his name One. that I will cut off the names of the idols out of the land. and also I will cause the prophets and the unclean spirit to pass t pass out of the land. Soon the whole world will believe nothing else! "And it shall come to pass in that day. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . THOUSANDS OF FAMILIES AROUND THE WORLD HAVE CONTRIBUTED THEIR PERSONAL TESTIMONIES OF HOW THE LORD REVEALED TO THEM THE TRUE BIBLE BAPTISM IN JESUS NAME. Multiplied thousands of people around the world could add their testimonies to these two. And the Lord shall be king over all the earth: in that day there shall be one Lord. Pages 111 through 125 CHAPTER XV THE PRE-EXISTENCE OF THE SON DID THE SON OF GOD EXIST BEFORE HIS BIRTH AT BETHLEHEM? WHO WAS THE MYSTERIOUS "ANGEL OF THE LORD" MENTIONED IN THE OLD TESTAMENT? A CHALLENGE TO ONENESS DID THE SON OF GOD PRE-EXIST IDEAL PRE-EXISTENCE PRE-EXISTENCE AS THE "WORD OF GOD" THE MYSTERY OF THE LOGOS THE VOICE OF THE LORD "THE BODY OF HEAVEN" "THE IMAGE OF THE INVISIBLE GOD" "THE FORM OF GOD" THE WORD WAS WITH GOD. AND WAS GOD JOHN PATERSON COMMENTS THE ANGEL OF THE LORD THE ANGEL OF JEHOVAH APPEARS TO JACOB THE ANGEL OF JEHOVAH AND MOSES THE ANGEL WHO LEADS TO THE PROMISED LAND THE ANGEL WITH GOD'S NAME THE ANGEL WHO CAN FORGIVE SIN THE ANGEL WHO MUST BE OBEYED THE ANGEL OF THE COVENANT THE ANGEL OF THE LORD AS REDEEMER THE ANGEL OF GOD AS SAVIOUR THE ANGEL OF THE LORD IS CHRIST THE ANGEL AS GOD'S IMAGE // MANOAH'S INCIDENT JACOB'S INCIDENT JOSHUA'S INCIDENT THE ANGEL WHO SPOKE AS GOD AND MAN FROM "WORD OF GOD" TO "SON OF GOD" TRUE MEANING OF MORPHE WHY THE WORD WAS MADE FLESH WHY IS THE PRE-EXISTENT CHRIST CALLED "SON"? What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. THESE TESTIMONIES ARE PRESERVED IN THE HEADQUARTERS AND VARIOUS CHURCHES OF THE ONENESS MOVEMENT. 14:9). 13:2." (Zech. saith the Lord of Hosts.

as of a lamb without blemish and without spot: who verily was foreordained before the foundation of the world." (Rev 13:8). which seems to teach a Pre-existence of Christ as Son. It is an honest question. p.but with the precious blood of Christ. D. In actuality we were not given grace until we responded to the Gospel call.. the crucifixion is spoken of as having occurred before the "foundation of the world. Dr. This occurred in God's mind. HE WAS THE "BODY OF HEAVEN" IN WHOM THE INVISIBLE FATHER DWELT. the Son of God "existed" countless ages before He was ever born of Mary.IS THIS DOCTRINE ONENESS? LET THE FOUNDERS SPEAK G. long before His birth took place. present and future. Boyd throws out a challenge to Oneness believers concerning the question of the Pre-existence of the Son of God.H. But how? In Two ways. A CHALLENGE TO ONENESS Dr. and deserves a comprehensive answer. but was manifest in these last times for you" (1 Peter 1:18-20). as though they were" (Rom 4:17). He cites a number of texts from John's Gospel. In fact. 37). the Bible answer is yes. but did not take actual What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. "How does Oneness Theology handle these texts?" (Boyd. YADON THEODORE FITCH OSCAR VOUGA GORDON MAGEE ORIGIN AND NATURE OF THE WORD TRINITARIAN THEORY ONENESS THEORY FIRST BORN AND FIRST BEGOTTEN EARLY FATHERS THE APOSTLES CREED THE NICENE CREED ATHANASIAN CREED CHALCEDONIAN CREED JUSTIN MARTYR ATHENAGORA MODERN DAY WITNESS TO THE LOGOS DOCTRINE CHRIST'S OWN WORDS IS THE WORD IN ANY SENSE ETERNAL? THE ANGEL OF JEHOVAH. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . WHO APPEARED FREQUENTLY IN OLD TESTAMENT TIMES. We Christians are said to have been given grace "before the world began" (1 Tim. The Son of God was foreordained in the mind of God. WAS ALSO KNOWN AS THE WORD OF GOD. We shall first look at his Pre-existence in the Foreknowledge of God. and the epistle to the Hebrews. HAYWOOD JOHN PATERSON FRANK J. 1:9). How could "the lamb" be "slain from the foundation of the world?" In God's mind and foreknowledge! Even the Church is said to have existed in God's mind "before the foundation of the world" (Eph. Thus in God's mind or plan. EWART C.. He calls "those things which be not. Paul's writings. In this chapter we shall provide it.25 - . IDEAL PRE-EXISTENCE God is not bound by the limits of time as we are. He did Pre-exist.T. So also it is with the Son. 1:4-5). We think and operate in terms of past. He existed in God's mind. He had "existence" in God's foreknowledge. God is an eternal Present. "Forasmuch as ye know that ye were not redeemed with corruptible things. DID THE SON OF GOD PRE-EXIST? To the question whether the Son of God pre-existed. Boyd then asks.

Yet they saw God's feet. When men saw Him they saw God: Gen 32:30 And Jacob called the name of the place Peniel: for I have seen God face to face. the Son of God was God's visible body. That would mean a pre-existent human being. It was God's vehicle of visual communication with His creation. and as it were the body of heaven in his clearness. for that would be the same as having a Pre-existed male human being.. He was the "image of the invisible God and the firstborn of every creature" (Col. Christ has always been the visible Temple of the invisible Spirit. made of a woman. until these last times. God sent forth his Son. who was the Word of God in the Old Testament. per se. which the world crucified and pierced! "THE IMAGE OF THE INVISIBLE GOD” The Word of God was God's visible image in the Old Testament times.26 - . "THE BODY OF HEAVEN” In the time of Moses. They could not have seen God in his Spirit nature. the male person born of Mary. The answer to these texts lie in the scripturally revealed fact that the Son of God did Pre-exist. The Son's actual existence began when He was born of a woman. or Temple in the New Testament times. and this agrees with Luke 1:35. The "Voice of the Lord" is the same as "the Word of God". 3:9). An Oneness "God in Christ" exists in both Testaments. 1:15). 1:3). did not pre-exist as a Son. 4:4. The Bible says in two places that the Son was "made". or become manifest. Whether in the Old Testament as the Word of God or in the New Testament as the Son of God. but it was a glorified body. God dwelt in Christ His Son and used Him as His own body. One is here in Gal. Naturally He would have to use some form or body to fellowship with them. His actual existence in time however is pin pointed for us in scripture.. who was made a little lower than the angels If the Son is "made" how could he be eternal? PRE-EXISTENCE AS "THE WORD OF GOD” The idea of the Son existing "ideally" in the mind of God does explain a number of texts. so also did he dwell in the celestial body of the Word of God before Bethlehem. 1:2). and described his visible form as the "body of heaven. D.existence. and God who "hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . 2:8)." What was the Logos. They couldn't "walk" with an omnipresent Spirit! Gen 3:8 And they heard the voice of the LORD God walking in the garden in the cool of the day: and Adam and his wife hid themselves from the presence of the LORD God amongst the trees of the garden. A Spirit doesn't have a "face". It was not a human body of flesh. But that does not negate the fact the He who was the Son of God in His earthly sojourn. where he is said to be made of a woman. for God was in Christ. And just as God dwelt in the human body of the Son of God after Bethlehem. and Christ Himself speaks of the glory He had with the Father "before the world was" (John 17:5). What he saw was the Word. for a Spirit is necessarily invisible. Gal 4:4 But when the fullness of the time was come. He. the Elders of Israel were given a view of the Logos. by whom also he made the worlds " (Heb. especially those I have cited. The Son of God. The Bible also teaches that God had a visible body or form in Old Testament times as well. THE VOICE OF THE LORD The glorious "Word" was the body God used when he "walked" with Adam and Eve in the cool of the evening. became the Son of God in the New Testament. The other is in Hebrews 2:9: Heb 2:9 But we see Jesus." - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. had existed before in a different form! THE MYSTERY OF THE LOGOS John speaks of the Word (Logos in Greek) who was "in the beginning with God" and yet "was God. He was the "brightness of his glory and the express image of his person" (Heb. No. who was God's visible image and as such did have a "face. or the Word of God? As we have seen. Did he see God as Spirit? Of course not. but in the New Testament times it was the Body of Humiliation (Phil. but not as the Son of God. form. Ex." God has only had two bodies. However there are also a number of scriptures that speak of Christ in the Old Testament that cannot be explained on this basis. In the Old Testament times it was the Body of Heaven. 24:10 And they saw the God of Israel: and there was under his feet as it were a paved work of a sapphire stone. the Son Pre-existed as "the Word of God" ("the Logos" in Greek). made under the law. The Son's idealistic existence was in God's mind from all eternity. and my life is preserved. We read of God "who created all things by Jesus Christ" (Eph. Whoever saw Christ saw the Father.

Whoever saw Christ saw God (John 14:8-10). His early work. made the Word God." just as our "bodies" are "with us" wherever we are. namely that the one divine invisible Spirit has always had his physical Person in whom He dwelt and manifested Himself. and the Word was God. or Angel of the Lord in the KJV. spoke and creation resulted. 2:2-8). the Word or Logos. eating and drinking before him? (Gen. and without him was not any thing made that was made. God in Christ Jesus. but also the inward thought itself."THE FORM OF GOD” God had a visible form in the Old Testament times. The Father is said to be "with" Christ (John 8:29). An examination of some of the frequent appearances of the Angel of Jehovah will prove very enlightening on this theme. the Logos or Word of God. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . as it is written 'The Word was God' " (John 1:1). It was the "voice" of God. "The Word was made flesh and dwelt among us" (John 1:14). In the beginning! That refers to Genesis 1:1." This "form of God" was later changed into the "form of Man" at the Incarnation for the purpose of redemption (Phil. or how did the elders of Israel see the God of Israel.11). and the Word was with God. A pagan king once saw the "form" that was "like" the Son of God (Daniel 3:25). 18:6-8. but as a matter of fact. D. God’s glorious visible Form. The same situation obtains in the New Testament dispensation. 910). 11:3). He writes: "How did God show Himself to Abraham. THE ANGEL OF THE LORD The Pre-Incarnate Christ also appeared frequently in the Old Testament times as the Jehovah Angel. JOHN PATERSON COMMENTS John Paterson was one of the most insightful writers on Oneness topics. And this Word was eventually changed into flesh and became the "Son of God". (John Paterson. He summarized the doctrine of the Logos in very clear and logical terminology. The "body of heaven" which Moses and the elders of Israel saw. or How did Moses see his back parts? (Ex 33:23). And yet the Word "was God. The same was in the beginning with God. and not only this. the Greek word Logos means not only the expression of the thought. Jesus spoke of God's "shape" as well as His "voice" (John 5:37).' "Now what is a 'word'? Is it not the expression of an inward abstract thought in a substantial concrete form. The same Oneness truth prevails throughout recorded (and unrecorded) history. 2:6. 'In the beginning God created the heaven and the earth. In New Testament times the same God is embodied in the physical form of Christ as the Son of God. Paul mentions the "form of God" in Philip. Christ has always been God's Temple or body. In the Old Testament dispensation the invisible God was embodied in the visible form of Christ as the Angel of God. It must always be borne in mind that we are not talking about "two distinct persons in the Godhead." used it as His visible Temple. AND WAS GOD Now we understand the meaning of John's prologue." was used as a Godhead textbook in the infancy of the Oneness Movement. or as Son of God. and also to be "in" Him (John 10:38). He was the Form or Image of the Invisible God." Wherever this Form appeared.27 - . and there was light. "The Revelation of Jesus Christ." This is how the worlds were created by the Word of God (Heb. and did eat and drink? (Ex. God in Christ makes Christ God. which reads. the Son of God is also God's body or form. whether as Angel of God or Son of God has always been the Mediator between the invisible God and his visible creation. This "form" was the "Word of God. The Word. but the word was. In the answer to these questions lies the secret of the Mystery of God: 'In the beginning was the Word. or God's visible form.33). 24:10. essentially nothing less than the Eternal God Himself. in other words. p. it was God Himself appearing." For God the Father What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. was none other than the glorious Angel of Jehovah. and without Him was not anything made that was made' (John 1:1-3). speaking out of his "shape" or visible image (John 5:37) that said: "Let there be light. and Christ is thereby said to be God (John 20:28). and all the host of them by the breath of his mouth. It means this in English. was "with God. whether as the Angel of God. Christ. which we have already discussed. John 1:3 All things were made by him. This Christ. All things were made by Him. God in the Word." Because God dwelt in that "form. THE WORD WAS WITH GOD. it can be said that the Word "was God. The Angel of the Lord was none other than the Word of God. So we conclude that the Word was the visible expression of the invisible God. the invisible God embodied in visible form. Psa 33:6 By the word of the LORD were the heavens made.

"Yea. THE ANGEL WITH GOD'S NAME Christ has always been the divine name bearer. even as the Father said unto me. there God's throne is also. and the God of Jacob" (Exodus 3:6). I send an Angel before thee.. The Angel of God in the Old Testament also "had power upon the earth" to What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. THE ANGEL WHO CAN FORGIVE SIN When Christ was here on earth as the Son of God he shocked the Pharisees by forgiving sin. to their heavenly home: "In my Father's house are many mansions. D. because God was in Him! Who else has ever borne the Father's name but Christ? And how else could the divine Father Spirit transfer His name to a person except by incarnation or embodiment? The parallels between the Word of God (the Angel) and the Son of God are drawing ever closer. and announced the fact in John 5:43: "I am come in my Father's name and ye receive me not." THE ANGEL WHO LEADS TO THE PROMISED LAND God promised to lead the children of Israel by means of His Angel manifestation. the God of Isaac. Thus the Angel of God is the God of Abraham and the God of Isaac! Shortly after this a "man" wrestled with Jacob (Gen. and was God! There can be no other conclusion. and in His divine nature. as a man. "I HAVE SEEN GOD FACE TO FACE. the mediator between sinful men and a sinless God." What Jacob saw was the Logos. reasoning that only God could forgive sins." THE ANGEL OF JEHOVAH APPEARS TO JACOB In Gen. leads the "spiritual Israel. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . "I am the God of thy Father. for he was afraid to look upon God. “The Pharisees remonstrated. 28:13 Jacob had a vision of God at Bethel.28 - . It is clear that the Angel was Christ. This mysterious "man" is called the "face of God. Christ. was the Temple of the embodied Father. But in this dispensation. was also the visible Temple of the Father: "Beware of him and obey his voice. This is because wherever the fullness of the divine nature is embodied. God declared to him at this time that He was "The God of Abraham and the God of Isaac. provoke him not. Christ responded to them by announcing: "The Son of man hath power upon earth to forgive sins" (Luke 5:24) Because God the Father was incarnate in the Son. so I speak. Here we see that the mysterious "man" who wrestled with Jacob." the Christ. is none other than the Angel of the Lord. and prevailed: he wept and made supplication unto him: he found him in Bethel. 31:11-13). "Behold. even Jehovah God of hosts: Jehovah is his memorial" (Hosea 12:4-5 margin)." (John 12:50). Christ. When Moses drew nigh the bush the Angel said." Christ as the Angel of God led the earthly Israel to an earthly Promised Land. he is a divine Omnipresent Spirit (John 4:24). Christ in the Old Testament. THE ANGEL OF THE LORD WRESTLED WITH JACOB UNTIL DAWN. In Luke 5:20 he said to the palsied man: "Thy sins are forgiven thee. "Whatsoever I speak therefore. God the invisible Spirit has always embodied his essential deity and nature in the visible body of His "Person." This was the preincarnate Christ. God’s name was in Him. he had power over the Angel. In Exodus 3:2 the Angel of the Lord appeared to Moses in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush. has always been God's Only Person.is not a Person. This makes Christ. hence he had the Father's name.. If it were not so I would have told you. THE ANGEL OF JEHOVAH AND MOSES The Angel of the Lord figures prominently in the life of Moses and in the Wilderness History of Israel. then known as the Angel of the Lord. Jacob's mysterious "man" is identified by Hosea as the Angel of God. JACOB DECLARED. the "image of the invisible God." Twenty-One years later the Angel of God appeared to Jacob and told him that He was the God that appeared to Him at Bethel (Gen. I go to prepare a place for you" (John 14:2). to keep thee in the way. God's visible Image. Jehovah God Himself! Jacob wrestled with God in Christ! And this is the same One who is described as the "Word" who was in the Beginning. and to bring thee into the place which I have prepared. the visible image of the invisible God. the Son could forgive sins. And this Angel of God is defined by the same prophet as Jehovah God. because the same verse says: "And Moses hid his face. whether as Angel of God or Son of God. “The Angel of God. 32:24). for he will not pardon your transgressions: for my name is in him" (Ex 23:21). the God-man. Christ as the Son of God. the human Son of God." His church. The Prophet Hosea speaking about Jacob's unusual "wrestling match" said.

and divine healing (v. his essence or nature. provoke him not" (Ex. 25). The Angel of God had delivered to Israel the Old Covenant (Heb. who walked the earth in a "celestial body”. 3:1 margin). for he will not pardon your transgressions" (Ex. The Angel's "voice" is actually God "speaking". The Son said: "The words that I speak unto you I speak not of myself: but the Father that dwelleth in me. hence he is the Angel of His Presence. I will put my laws into their hearts.. Now in the New Testament. The Angel is God manifested in a visible Form. When the "Word was made flesh" we have the same deity or "presence" incarnate in a human form. 22-23). To power to retain or pardon transgressions was a prerogative of the Angel of the Lord." so to speak. he doeth the works" (John 14:10). Gal. the Son of God. even the Angel of the Covenant. is embodied in this Angel. And the basis for this is the same in both time periods.. reconciling the world unto Himself" (2 Cor. The Angel of the Lord." (Is 63:9). the Son of God: "God was in Christ. God's very presence. He delivers the New Covenant to the New Israel. God is so embodied in His Word or Angel that we can truthfully say: "the Word was God. God in His Son is the means by which He reconciles the world! - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. D." (Ex 23:22). and the Angel of His presence saved them: in his love and in his pity he redeemed them. His appearances in bodily form from the dawn of human history certainly." THE ANGEL OF THE COVENANT The most positive identification of the Son of God with the pre-incarnate Angel of the Lord is found in Malachi's prophecy. “The Angel-Word was the visible Temple of the otherwise invisible presence of God. THE ANGEL OF THE LORD AS REDEEMER The Angel of the Lord is also designated as the "Angel of His Presence": "In all their affliction he was afflicted. 23:21). Then the next thing that is to happen is "The Lord. 12:25-26. In either dispensation. p. God (with His name) was in Christ! THE ANGEL WHO MUST BE OBEYED The Angel of God is to be obeyed as God Himself: "Beware of him and obey his voice. and their sins and iniquities will I remember no more" (Heb. We cannot strictly call it an "incarnation" for that refers only to human bodies. namely. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . so also was the "God-Angel" a similar mediator in Old Testament times. 47). the Christ delivered the Old Covenant to the Old Israel. 63:8). Mark 1:2 applies this to John the Baptist. shall suddenly appear in His temple. 10:16-17). and in their minds will I write them. and of course a new home on "the other side of Jordan.indicate something akin to an incarnation" (Paterson. and became the Son of God. and he shall prepare the way before me. And this verse is given as an explanation of the preceding one which said Jehovah "was their Saviour" (Is. God has always used His Form or Image as His "Mouthpiece. 23:21). In the first verse of the third chapter we read: "Behold I will send my messenger. Just as the "God-man" was a mediator between sinners and God in the New Testament times. What does it mean when the Jehovah-Angel is called the Angel of God's Presence? It means exactly what it implies. This Angel had this power because God Himself was embodied in Him and functioned through him. as the Son of God. whom ye delight in" (Mal. In the Old Testament as the Angel of God. When the same Angel-Word was made flesh ("and the Word was made flesh").. Deity embodied in a glorious Personal Form..forgive sins: "Provoke him not. “This was clearly John the Baptist who was the preparing messenger for Christ. 3:19). as John Paterson put it: "While no thoughtful person would suggest that He took flesh prior to Bethlehem. The results of obeying the Angel of God are the same as obeying the Son of God: deliverance from enemies (v.. whom ye seek. a blessing through bread (Lord's Supper) and water (Baptism in Jesus' name). Acts 7:53. the exact same situation prevailed. 5:19). Why is it? Because the words of the Angel are actually the words of God Himself who is embodied in Him: "But if thou shalt obey his voice. But. saith the Lord.29 - . Christ (whether as Word of God or Son of God) is the One mediator and the only "Person" with power to forgive sins.. would now become the Son of God in a new "flesh blood" human body. Now the same Angel or Messenger of the Covenant appears on earth as a man to deliver the New Covenant: "This is the Covenant that I will make with them after those days. and do all that I speak. God in His Angel was the means by which He reconciled Israel.

Paul designates the Angel of the Lord that was with Israel in the wilderness. the Bible specifically refers to the Angel of the Lord as Christ. if there was no Christ Himself! Remember. The Angel of God did return and gave them more information about their forthcoming son. desired to save Israel. which operated in the Old Testament Prophets as the "Spirit of Christ" (1 Peter 1:11). and that is Jehovah. for it was "His" Holy Spirit. D. Alas O Lord (Jehovah) God! For because I have seen an Angel of the Lord face to face" (v. contained the Word Christ (Christos-Greek). Gideon said. Isaiah talks about the Angel of His Presence. How could there be a "Spirit of Christ" back then. The writer of Hebrews describes it as "esteeming the reproaches of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt." Hence the Angel was Christ. Moses was called by an Angel of God in the burning bush to forsake all and identify with God's people and to deliver them (Ex. even I. "and no man shall see my face and live. Sampson. For the "glory" of God is found in the "face" of Christ (2 Cor.30 - . Manoah asked what the Angel's name was (v. the image of the invisible God. This he did. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . whose "glory" he saw (Ex. if I be lifted up from the earth. guiding and protecting them. for he knew to see the face of the Jehovah Angel was the same thing as seeing the face of Jehovah." But Jehovah again spoke to Gideon and assured him he wouldn't die: "Peace be unto thee." "And they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ." Manoah prayed that the Heavenly visitor return to give them more instructions (v. 63:9-10). it finally "dawned on" Manoah they had actually been communing with God in His Angelic Form as the Word. am Jehovah. This clearly identifies the Angel as Christ. and Manoah exclaimed: "We shall surely die. Isaiah saw the Angel of the Lord seated on the throne in heaven as the embodiment of God (Isaiah 6:1)." (Is 43:11). Are there two "Wonderfuls?" Not likely. desires to save all mankind: "And I. They have assumed this is a New Testament designation only. 11:26). 33:11). 18). 18 margin). Peter calls "the Spirit of Christ.THE ANGEL OF GOD AS SAVIOUR The same passage in Isaiah indicates that the Angel of God is the Saviour (Is. The words the Angel spoke are identified as Jehovah speaking directly to Gideon: "And Jehovah said unto him. and beside me there is no Saviour. will draw all men unto me. As the Angel was about to leave. 33:18-19). for he is called "Wonderful" in Is. The Word of God. to be their Saviour. and were destroyed of serpents" (1 Cor 10:9). 3:2-12). if it wasn't the Angel that spoke to him "face to face" (Ex. 9:6. and thus. thou shalt not die. as some of them also tempted. Apparently the Angel administered the divine Spirit to Israel. 22). 16). The woman describes her visitor to her as husband as "a man of God" with the "countenance of an Angel of God." (John 12:32). 10:4." but sent fiery serpents into the camp. How could Moses "esteem the reproaches of Christ" if there were no Christ? And who could this Christ be. In verse 22 we read: "And when Gideon perceived that he was an Angel of the Lord. The Angel performed a miracle and then disappeared out of sight (v. 21). MANOAH'S INCIDENT In Judges 13 the Angel of the Lord appears to Manoah's wife and assures her that she will conceive. as "Christ. The Angel of God. THE ANGEL OF THE LORD IS CHRIST Some may wonder if it is correct to refer to the Angel of the Lord as "Christ". Yet John says that Isaiah saw Christ's glory and wrote of it (John 12:41). 63:8.9). being the embodiment of both God's nature and name." (Heb." again clearly identifying the Angel with Christ: "Neither let us tempt Christ. Isaiah himself told us that: "I. He feared death. The Angel said his Name was "Wonderful" (v. Peter refers to the Holy Spirit. THE ANGEL AS GOD'S IMAGE The Angel of the Lord appeared unto Gideon (Judges 6:12). used by the Jews of Christ's day." (v. When the Angel of the Lord left. In 1 Cor. Yet Paul says it was Christ that had been "provoked" or "tempted. 4:6). "much people of Israel died" (Numb 2:6). was certainly the "Anointed One" or "Christ" in Old Testament times. But the Son of God. In fact. and as such was certainly used in the Old Testament. and how Israel vexed "his holy Spirit" (Is. fear not. “When that same Angel of God was "provoked" (Ex 23:21) and "pardoned not their transgressions.8)." What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 23). and in more than one reference." (v. Jehovah in Angel Form. Christ is Greek for the "Anointed One. There can be only One Saviour. because we have seen God. Jehovah in human Form." The Hebrew form is "Messiah".

" meaning "secret"." and sometimes spoke as God. saith the Lord. as the messenger or Angel." would suddenly come to his human "temple" (Mal. The Angel said His Name was "Wonderful. was a celestial body. FROM WORD OF GOD TO SON OF GOD In the history of redemption the time came when he who had been God's "Heavenly body". from me" (Gen. The Angel of Jehovah. APPEARED TO THE PATRIARCHS AND DISPENSED THE TEN COMMANDMENTS TO MOSES."I know thou fearest God. too. THIS ANGEL OF GOD BECAME THE SON OF GOD IN THE NEW TESTAMENT. As the Son he said: "I can of my own self do nothing. It had served its purpose. John 2:19). speaking as a "man" would. asked the Angel for His name. One. 24:10). speaking as a "man" would. JOSHUA'S INCIDENT The same "Word" (Logos) appeared as the Angel of the Lord to Joshua and identified Himself as the "Captain of the Lord's Host" (Joshua 5:14). would become the human Son of God. 3:1. The Angel. Jacob also recognized he had seen the Word Image. D. For in both cases we are dealing with the same God in the same Christ. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . then thou shalt also judge my house" (v. It was visible and tangible. for he said "I have seen God face to face. OR ANGEL OF THE LORD. will be unto her a wall of fire round about" (Zech. and my life is preserved. namely blood that could be shed. When Abraham had demonstrated his faith.from me. and the other as the deity embodied in that Angel. His request was denied. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.31 - . God's visible Angelic Form. "Whom ye seek. "O Lord of Hosts. The same "key" of the "Dual natures of Christ. thine only son. and if thou wilt keep my charge. who sometimes spoke as a man. seeing thou has not withheld thy son. which he did! (Joshua 5:15)." which explains such speech in the New Testament. saying: "For I. asked God. (Ex. In the New Testament Christ also spoke from two perspectives. He then commanded Joshua to worship Him." The price of redemption required the shedding of blood. The Lord. There can only be One "Captain" and his name is identified in Hebrews 2:10 as Christ! As the Angel of God. as when he commanded Lazarus to rise: "Lazarus. the same Angel speaks in the first person as Jehovah God Himself saying: "If thou wilt keep my ways. 2). He. Christ is the Captain of our salvation in spiritual warfare! In both dispensations it was necessary for the "captain" to come to earth and "appear" before his "troops. come forth!" The same "dual speech" from the one Person is glimpsed in the incident of Abraham offering up Isaac.. can also be used to "unlock" the mystery of such speech in the Old Testament. 2:5)." and lead them in battle! THE ANGEL WHO SPOKE AS GOD AND MAN Zechariah relates a mystifying incident involving Joshua the High Priest (not the same Joshua who succeeded Moses). even Jehovah that hath chosen Jerusalem rebuke thee" (v. The Angel. 3:1)." In the first chapter of Zechariah we encounter the same phenomenon. 22:12). His Old Testament Image. But just a few verses later. known as the Word or Angel of God. The same pattern we notice in the New testament concerning our Lord. 30). or He may speak out of the divine nature resident in Him as Father. The Angel of the Lord appears to be speaking from two perspectives. for He shall save His people from their sins" (Matt 1:21). the Angel of God addressed him thusly: "I know that thou fearest God." And then the same Angel speaks directly as God Himself: "Thou hast not withheld thy son. Yet in the second chapter the same Angel replied in the First Person. resisting him (Zech." But as the embodied Father he said: "Thy sins be forgiven thee. 7)..JACOB'S INCIDENT We already reviewed the incident when Jacob wrestled with the Angel of God (Gen. but lacked the key elements for salvation. as when he inquired about Lazarus' burial site: "Where have they laid him. the Messenger. IN THE OLD TESTAMENT THE "LOGOS". as Jehovah God Himself. God's glorious Personal Form. He saw Joshua the High Priest standing before the "Angel of the Lord" and Satan standing on the right hand. rebukes Satan saying: "Jehovah rebuke thee. the Word." (v. First he speaks of God as apparently distinct -. had to be "laid aside. It would not be revealed until Christ was born at Bethlehem. 9:22). Christ was Israel's Captain for earthly warfare. O Satan. This we see that God's Word in the Old Testament on occasions can speak from his nature or perspective as the Angel of God. how long wilt thou not have mercy on Jerusalem" (Zech 1:12). It was not composed of "flesh and blood". But now as Son of God. when we hear: "Call His name Jesus. So the Scriptures tell us that the "Word was made flesh and dwelt among us" (John 1:14). and flesh that could be pierced (Heb. 32:24-30).

Christ Himself made reference to his previous glorious "form" which he possessed in ancient times when he spoke of "the glory" which He had with the Father "before the world was. Christ is not only known as the Son of God (Rom.It is "flesh and bone" (Luke 24:37) but not "flesh and blood" (1 Cor 15:50). transformed his immortal celestial body into a mortal human body. its primary meaning is related to visible physical appearance. and his face was as it were the sun.. and the "Body of Heaven. and by which "he humbled Himself. In the tenth chapter of Revelation we read of a mighty Angel "Clothed with a cloud: and a rainbow was upon his head." And as God has been "incarnate" in the Pre-Bethlehem Angel-Image.This mystery occurred through the process of the Virgin Birth. The Greek word for dwelt is "tabernacled" or "pitched his tent". 7). having been resurrected and glorified. or outward form." (Acts 27:2324). This is when the "Word was made flesh" and the whole idea of Christ laying aside the glorious "form of God" and taking upon himself the "fashion of a man" was for the purpose of dying on the cross for our sins (v. which could be seen. it is raised a spiritual body" (1 Cor 15:44). so the "Word was made flesh". Nevertheless.32 - . While this word may embrace more than just the outward or visible form. withdrew from it so it could die (Mark 15:34). So just as the Word had been God's Temple or body in the Old Testament. There was no Son of God until the flesh body emerged from the womb of the Virgin Mary: "Therefore that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God" (Luke 1:35). he doeth the works" (John 14:10). TRUE MEANING OF MORPHE It should be mentioned at this point. The Bible says that this "Word made flesh. the word is translated by a Latin phrase that is strictly understood in a physical outward sense.. we see it is the same person. The only other place that "morphe" is used in the Bible is Mark 16:12. 2:9)." known as the Son of God. especially in comparison to the human form in which he now existed. "dwelt among us" (John 1:14). and whom I serve.8).. then someone must live in it. 1:4). is similar to what the One God had in the Old Testament. continues to be the temple of God in New Testament times. Fear not. 10:1). So God. but has resumed his title as Angel of God also. D. 2:8). and there it clearly refers to Christ's physical visible body. offered it for salvation. 4:4). The Greek word for "form" in this text is "morphe". Christ called it God's "shape" (John 5:37). This "form" was the Angel of God. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Paul agreed to this when he said: "In Him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily" (Col. God took this body to the cross (Heb. Now that body. The glorious body of the Old Testament Word was transformed into a flesh body known as the Son of God. that much "misinformation" is being circulated by Trinitarians concerning the interpretation of the word "form".. If we compare this with the description of Christ in Revelation 1:13-16 and Revelation 4:2-3.is Paul's witness. Now if the Son of God is a tabernacle or tent. whose I am. and after three days re-entered and resurrected it (John 2:19-20). and said it could be "seen. in his resurrection and glorification Christ regains that glory which he had. In fact. So the "form of God" was a visible tangible body. "Now is the Son What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 9:14). and his feet as pillars of fire" (Rev." is simply to mistranslate it. being obedient unto death" (Philip. He speaks of Christ who had been in the "form of God" and was the visible equivalent of the invisible God in earlier times (Philip. the "Body of Heaven" which was mediator to all God's universe." This was His glory as the Word of God. The resurrected Son of God also appears under the title of Angel on occasion in the Book of Revelation. so was he also incarnate in his post-Bethlehem human image. 2:6).. Paul talks of this "transformation of bodies" in Philippians the second chapter. the Son of God. The "form of God" became the "form of man. His form as Angel of God was "glorious". for that's what tabernacles are for! And Christ very unmistakably revealed who was living in the tabernacle of his fleshly body: "The Father that dwelleth in me. "There stood by me this night the Angel of God. in the writings of the earliest Latin fathers and in the Latin Vulgate. "It is sown a natural body. To try and translate "form" as something other than "that which strikes the eye" or "physical body" or "appearance." However Paul tells us that this "body" or "form" was exchanged for the "form of a servant" and the "likeness of a man" (v. "God sent forth His Son made of a woman" (Gal. through the Incarnation and Virgin Birth. In his new glorious resurrected body." He ought to know! WHY THE WORD WAS MADE FLESH God inhabiting the body of the Angelic-Word could never have offered that up on the cross for redemption. saying.

Were they President at the time? Certainly not. if the Son did not exist until the "Word was made flesh" at Bethlehem? The answer is very simple. He has always been the Person of God. IS THIS DOCTRINE ONENESS? Some may be wondering if this concept of "God in Christ" in both Testaments is in conformity with Biblical Oneness. and He too bears the Father's name and administers God's Spirit. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . that refer to the Old Testament Word of God as "Son. 'What then if you should behold the Son of man ascending where he was before' (John 6:61-61 NASB). The speaker is merely using a title they acquired later in life to more fully describe them. If God the Father. and as I will shortly prove. D. even in today's speech. It is the same God. Nothing could be more Oneness. but with the "reminders of redemption. So what we have is one invisible Spirit dwelling and manifesting Himself in One visible Image. He who sees the Angel of God sees God. had been born there. WAS ACTUALLY THE ANGEL OF GOD. In the Old Testament it was a celestial body. The Angel of God embodies God's Presence or divine nature. Saviour. The Son of God likewise embodies God's presence or divine nature. God is a Spirit (John 4:24). and bears God's name. why is it not in the Old Testament? The only difference involves the bodies in which he dwelt.." by which is meant the nail prints in his hands and the wound in his side. divine or otherwise. LET THE FOUNDERS SPEAK Many of the early pioneers of Oneness truth recognized and taught the concept of God in Christ in the Old Testament. He is projecting a title back in time. sees God also." WHO WALKED WITH ADAM AND EVE IN THE GARDEN. Saviour. appertain to the entire range of age-times under consideration in the respective contexts. God in Christ in the New Testament is also revealed as Redeemer." Was he "President" at the time of his birth in that humble cabin? Of course not. this message was an original and authentic part of early Oneness Exegesis. Captain. the same Christ. and administers God's Spirit. An obvious example occurs in the words of the Son of God to his grumbling disciples. Even Trinitarians admit this is so: "It is not unusual for Scripture to denominate appellations which do not. They did not become President till long after their High School and football days." How can this be. 72).. in a strictly literal sense.He is again in the Body of Heaven. The Gory of God. known as the Son of God. Neither in the Old or New Testament are we speaking of "two distinct persons. from the "form of God" to the "form of man. God Himself is not a Person. He was the Word at that time. p. It is pre-incarnate conditions. In these instances the Bible writers are simply talking about the one who would later (at Bethlehem) be known as Son. In the same way we hear of the High School that President Nixon attended and the football field President Reagan played on. then why can't the same God be similarly manifested in the body of Christ in the Old Testament? If God in Christ is Oneness in the New Testament. In other words." One such example is in Hebrews 1:2. HE WAS GOD'S OLD TESTAMENT "FORM" OR "BODY". This is a common practice. known as the Word of God. In the New Testament it is a human body. known as the Angel of God in one dispensation and the Son of God in another. where are there two persons anywhere? THE "VOICE OF THE LORD. and Provider. he that would later be known as the Son. It was part and parcel of the message. very few. His Son ship acquired title (Son) is being projected back. created the worlds. although such in prospect according to divine counsels" (Ronald F. IN WHOM GOD WAS MANIFEST. It did not receive as much attention as the New Testament "God in Christ" truth due to the fact that the battle lines What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. So when we hear of the world being created "by the Son" we understand it is the Word that is being referred to and not a pre-existent human being. Only the form of Christ's body has changed.33 - . which talks of the worlds being created "by the Son. They are projecting His birth-acquired title back through time. I once saw a film where the narrator said: "This is the cabin where President Lincoln was born. Pray tell. He is never called a "person" in Scripture. He who sees the Son of God. Captain and Provider. But he who would become President. God's Image.of Man glorified and God is glorified in Him" (John 13:31). and the same indwelling. Hogan. But he did not do it as "Son". They do not mean he was Son at that time." The only Person is Christ. WHY IS THE PRE-EXISTENT CHRIST CALLED "SON”? There are some passages. as a divine Spirit." God in Christ in the Old Testament is shown to be Redeemer. can be manifested in the body of Christ in the New Testament. and it be Oneness.

6:1. 'the Angel of the Covenant' (Mal. composer and artist. It has been reprinted by Word Aflame Press under the Title "God in Christ Jesus. as their forbearers did. Is. who appeared to the Patriarchs and Prophets is the same who appeared in a human form 1. Paterson. On page 13 we read: "God gives a fearful warning against trifling with His name in the Person of His Son when he says concerning the Angel of the Covenant. p. It is considered the most popular and widely decimated Oneness book of all time. p. or the right to refuse pardon.. the living God. The Word was God from the beginning (John 1:1-4) and when the Word became flesh. I quote now from this Oneness pioneer's masterful work which contains over 800 scripture references: "The visible being who appeared to Jacob and declared himself to be God. though spiritual in nature (Gen. it was given a name that 'is above every name. but was prohibited. 1:15-17. His theological works on Oneness were among the first to appear. God in Christ Jesus. 23:21.' for he there and then 'magnified his Word' above all His name. Surely no one will deny the Power to forgive.with Trinitarians were primarily drawn on New Testament territory. Is. Oneness exponents of today need to realize. 17. Psalm 2:12). He first assumes a creature form. and who was recognized by Jacob as God. 23:21). 44. The Real Truth About Baptism in Jesus Name. Heb. 32:24-30. Divine Names and Titles of Jehovah... 1 Cor 10:9). he wrote: "Elohim is God. provoke Him not' Why? 'for my name is in Him' (Ex. p.Likewise. "When Jacob wrestled with the Angel he sought to obtain the secret name.T. The Prophet Isaiah declared that his name shall be called 'Wonderful' (Is. 23:21). And obey His voice. HAYWOOD Bishop Haywood." This was used as a textbook in early Oneness circles and was printed by both G. the fact that Christ was not 'just another angel' did not prevent Him from being the Angel of God's Presence and the Angel of the covenant who 'suddenly came to His Temple' (as foretold in Malachi 3:1 and fulfilled in John 2:13-16)" (John Paterson. Phil. Every Bible student knows that He was the Lord Jesus Christ" (John Paterson. That Elohim. presented me with a personally autographed copy of his book when he first reprinted it. the power of creation (John 1:1-3. The neglect of this aspect of Oneness has resulted in much needless controversy with Trinitarians. Let us now examine the record of our early writers.for my name is in him' (Ex. Ex. 2:7. because the name of Jehovah is in Him' (Ex. seeing it is secret (margin.D. is variously described in the Bible as 'the Angel of Jehovah' (over 50 references). His name shall be called Jesus!" (Haywood. in his creature form spiritually. 10 with John 12: 9-40. G. 45.34 - . that the "idealistic Son doctrine" will never adequately answer all the texts presented to us on the pre-existent Christ by our opponents. where time might have been more profitably spent. afterwards.. Rom. was a theologian. From these scriptures it can be clearly seen the Jehovah had a name to be revealed which was above all his names! There is not a shadow of a doubt but that the angel that appeared to the Virgin of Nazareth was the Jehovah Angel of old who bore that "Wonderful' name. 5. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Concerning the Angel of Jehovah as the Word. Urshan. Col. Who is this Angel if he is not the pre-existent Christ? ." (G. belongs solely to God. 12:7. 7-8). Rev. 'Why asketh thou after my name. 2:9. D. Haywood. 14..John Paterson's book "The Real Truth About Baptism in Jesus' Name" has been in circulation over 50 years. 6:23. 48-49). 'Beware of him. A genius by the definition of the term. 41. 13-14). 17:13.T. 2..’. with John 8:56-58. (John 1:14. p. JOHN PATERSON In 1920 John Paterson wrote his classic Oneness Treatise entitled "Revelation of Jesus Christ. The children of Israel were led by the Angel of the Lord and Jehovah said. 5). 3:1. 16. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. the Jehovah Angel replied. 3:4-11). 6:1.T.. 13-14). and 'the Angel who can refuse to pardon iniquity. Haywood and A. Wonderful)?' (Judges 13:18). To Manoah.900 years ago to Israel can be clearly seen by reading the following Scriptures: Gen. whom I knew. Bro. the human form for the purpose of redeeming mankind. 9:6). Nevertheless they recognized the important truths concerning the Jehovah Angel as the Word of God. The entire oneness message will never come into complete harmony without this segment of the Truth being fully integrated into our theology. 9. 8:3). It was there that he had finished his journey over the hills of time and deposited that secret name in the bosom of her who was 'highly favoured of God. first Bishop of the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World. journalist. 'Beware of Him.

Ewart was the first to see the light on Water Baptism in Jesus' Name as the fulfillment of Matthew 28:19. with the elders of Israel. The angel Person of the Lord from Heaven is now called the Son of God" (Fitch. He asserted that back in the beginning he was in 'the bosom of the Father. saw. The Angel 'Person' of God was God in One Place. He was a created being.' It is written in Zechariah that he was 'God's Fellow. God as a Spirit. the book fell into disfavour. Hazelwood.. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 24:10). D. 1:18-25) . 2:6). Yadon. God was manifested as an Angelic Spirit 'Person' and as an omnipresent Spirit." C.. p." It is still the most comprehensive work ever published on the Oneness. OSCAR VOUGA Bro. and distorted grossly by enemies of Oneness. and has not been reprinted in years. Pentecostal Publishing House. 4). the Lord God existed in two definite ways.d. The Spirit of God was present everywhere. I quote from "The Deity of Jesus" page 4: "The 'Angel of the Lord' represented the Great Eternal Spirit that filled the Universe. Often quoted out of context.' Micah said the babe of Bethlehem was 'from everlasting.' but never God's Son.' that is. then the Father is the Son and the Son is the Father. that is present everywhere all the time. and the Word was with God. a well-revered Oneness Pioneer.. whose 'similitude' he beheld.35 - . face-to-face' yet also Jehovah.' 'God's Wisdom. wrestled with Jacob (Gen.The Lord. We are told that 'no man hath seen God at any time. When God the Word was made flesh. This beautiful angel body was made flesh by the power of the Holy Ghost in the womb of the Virgin Mary. For years this book was the principal Godhead work circulated by the United Pentecostal Church. but still remained God.H.' 'Back in the Beginning. Rev. and without him was not anything made that was made. He was the Body of Heaven that Moses and Aaron. Concerning the Pre-existent Christ. and the Word was God.. THEODORE FITCH In the early 1930's the Lord Jesus Christ Himself appeared to Theodore Fitch.' John 1:1-3.. p.. Back in 1913 he began baptizing in Jesus' name those first Oneness believers.. 28: "The Son of God was conceived of the Holy Ghost and born of the Virgin Mary. he writes: "There is not a single scripture that asserts Jesus existed eternally as a Son. (Matt. Jehovah-Jesus.The son of David of the tribe of Judah. as a man speaketh unto a friend' -. 37). His 'Person' was in the form of a man. Vouga's popular little book "Our Gospel Message" has this to say concerning the Son of God and his Pre-existence as the Word of God on p. the same who 'spoke unto Moses face to face. (Jehovah) who spoke to Moses not in a vision..' Isaiah says He was 'the Everlasting Father'. he still remained the same Person. This made the God-Angel a God-man. EWART Bro. and who spoke to them there.D. God Himself. Ewart recognized the "Word" or "God's Fellow" to be the embodiment of the invisible Father back in "the beginning" and who would later become the "Babe of Bethlehem. The Deity of Jesus. He was also an articulate author. p. It was He who talked with Abraham (Gen.23).. Please notice that every time the Angel of the Lord appeared or spoke to anyone it was God Himself 'in person'.FRANK J. If the Word or 'Person' of God was made flesh. was 'made over' into a flesh man (John 1:14). p.H. What they saw must have been the Angel Jehovah.Bro. He asserts that His existence was inseparable from the One True God. he became a Son. He is called 'the Word. Revelation of Jesus Christ. Before the Son of God was born of the Virgin Mary.. The Word that was God. He wrote: "It was the same divine 'Angel. He was the Spiritual Rock. because 'seen' and talked with 'mouth to mouth' and. (Ex.H. who was a Trinitarian. YADONC.. Fitch wrote many other books on the Oneness.' that was seen by Moses and the elders of Israel on Mount Sinai." This book was originally written by one R.' the 'God of Israel." (Frank Ewart. which enjoyed wide circulation among believers. Prov. nor in a dream. Weeks. Her was in the form of God (Phil. 51). and revealed the Oneness of the Godhead to him. 22. and His eternal Spirit was without form. which 'Rock was Christ'" (C. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . even apparently. However it contained a very thorough exposition of the Angel of Jehovah as the Pre-Existent Christ and the embodiment of the Father. Fitch immediately set about writing his book "The Deity of Jesus. 'In the beginning (He) was the Word. 8:22-31. Yadon. "Before the incarnation. the 'angel' that was with the Israelites in the wilderness. had reprinted a remarkable book entitled "Jehovah-Jesus. but mouth to mouth.. body or parts" (Theodore Fitch. the fullness of God dwell in a Spirit body which was in the form of a man. 17:1).. MO n. See John 1:1.all things were made by Him.

16). as we have seen. GORDON MAGEE “Is Jesus in the Godhead or is the Godhead in Jesus" is the famous little book by the well-known Apostle to Ireland. 2:7. '. "for in Him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily" (Col. the man Christ Jesus. the divine nature of God is resident or incarnate in the First Begotten." Based on what we know these expressions could never be taken literally. FIRST BORN AND FIRST BEGOTTEN Christ as the Word or Jehovah Angel is said to be the "first born" and "first begotten. and was made in the likeness of men. This much we know. and was made flesh. though it not robbery to be equal with God. We know the Word was "in the beginning" (John 1:1) and existed before "the foundation of the world" (John 17:24). He is now glorified with the Father with the glory He had before the world was (John 17:5)." The question now before us concerns the origin of this Word or Angel. is the Word or Angel of the Lord. Christ is called the "image of the invisible God" in verse 15. 7)." (v. Bro. "begotten" and "born" are earthly terms. Was he "created" or "eternal" or "begotten?" TRINITARIAN THEORY The origin of the Logos is shrouded in mystery... And this was possible only because the Father was dwelling in Him as His divine nature: "For it pleased the Father that in him should all fullness dwell. p. 3:14. howbeit through a miraculous What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S." Thus. The invisible divine Spirit was "incarnate" in this Angel of God. Vouga's exposition of the Godhead on pages 27 to 29 of his book is in my opinion one of the very best ever written. he stripped Himself of glory .The book carries an endorsement from Howard A. was and is the creator of all things. where he referred to Himself as "The Beginning of the Creation of God. God. 1:16 "'But made himself of no reputation (Nay. is the instrument of creation "for by him were all things created" (v. This "first begotten" however receives worship. feel the Logos had a definite origin. defined by human reproduction.." (Gordon Magee. This "fullness" is the Godhead. 'He took upon him the form of a servant.Weymouth). D." Also Proverbs 8:23 "I was set up from everlasting. He left the glory of the Father. On page 7 of the original edition published by the author (It has been changed in the revised edition published by Word Aflame Press). for that would require a "divine mother" pre-existing in heaven. He was God's personal Form. The passage in Colossians 1:15-19 is also used to prove the argument. This explains how the Word was "with God" and yet "was God" and how God created all things "by Christ Jesus. including Oneness theologians.. ORIGIN AND NATURE OF THE WORD We have seen that the Son of God. Trinitarians feel the Logos was "eternal.This Being.' Phil. 19). (Oscar Vouga. p. Gordon Magee. was in the very form of God -. He was originally in the form of God and thought it not robbery to be equal with God." ONENESS THEORY Others. "let all the Angels of God worship him. He assumed human nature at his incarnation. They point to Christ's statement in Rev.' Or in other words." They view this as a reference to his Pre-existence as the Logos." They base their reasoning on such texts as Micah 5:2 which speaks of his "goings forth" which "have been of eternity. just as he would later be in the Son of God.. and took upon Him the form of a servant.. founding father of both the Assemblies of God and the United Pentecostal Church. 3:14. that is stripped Himself of divine glory." God was the real Father of that child.all things were created by Him and for Him' Col. we read. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .d. but he made himself of no reputation.. We have also seen that this Word or Angel was God's visible Image and Mediator in the Old Testament. Our Gospel Message. and was made in the likeness of men. The same verse also calls Him "the Firstborn of every creature. Heb 1:6 is also taken as a reference to his primeval origin. pre-existed as the Word (Logos) or Angel of the Lord. Is Jesus in the Godhead or is the Godhead in Jesus. like the title in Rev.36 - ." This. Goss.' this being.32:24-30). but not of deity. who prior to His physical birth. "'Who being in the form of God. n. at His Incarnation took upon himself the likeness of men. making him also God and worthy of worship. before Jesus was born with his human nature He was the divine visible equation of the invisible God. Christ's birth at Bethlehem was a literal begetting because he had a "real" mother and was actually "born. but did not cease to be God.the full equation in a majestic form of the invisible God -. This. 28). 2:9).

. he is still "begotten before all worlds. 'In the Beginning' (John 1:1). However. who being the Word and first begotten of God is also divine. EARLY FATHERS It is apparent from reading the creeds and the writings of the early church Fathers that they believed in the origin of the Logos in Pre-Creation times. So Col.." "begotten. of the Virgin May.37 - . and appeared now in the form of fire. (as afterwards What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. is almost word-for-word the Oneness position on Christ as the Word. Light of Light. not made. the God-bearer (Or Mother of God-"theotokos" in Greek). We shall examine some." but "of the substance of the Father.' But these words were altered to demonstrate that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and Apostle. Bullinger's previously cited "Critical Lexicon and Concordance to the English and Greek Testament." was not an unfamiliar or novel concept in the early church." JUSTIN MARTYR “Now the Word of God is His Son. to create. begotten for us men and for our salvation. It is "controversy free. ATHENAGORA "Rather did the Son come forth from the Father to give form and actuality to all material things. THE APOSTLES CREED Considered the oldest. He had an origin before the ages begin to roll. 3:14). I am He who is God of Abraham. 1:17)." CHALCEDONIAN CREED “Begotten of the Father before the Ages" is the phrase used in this creed. as I have said.birth. now in the image of the bodiless creatures (angels). p." or "coming forth.. he is also called 'Angel' and 'Apostle'. It contains no reference to the Pre-existent Logos. The idea of an "eternal generation" always going on.. (not human) before He created anything. Christ is said to have been..W. speaks of Christ as "begotten before the worlds. or Angel of God. Formerly he appeared in the form of fire and the image of a bodiless being to Moses and the other prophets. who was first the Word. The Prophetic Spirit agrees with this opinion when he says: "The Lord created me as the first of his ways. A MODERN DAY WITNESS TO THE LOGOS DOCTRINEA very interesting discussion concerning the Word appears in Dr." "created. having become man by the will of God for the sake of the human race. God of Isaac and God of Jacob. Here is what he says: "The Godhead is 'Spirit' (john 4:24) and as Spirit has no likeness to matter. The Virgin Birth is also defined as a second "begetting" in these words: "But yet as regards his manhood. D. 1:6 must be taken as highly figurative language which refers to a process about which we have no real understanding or capacity to understand. 284-285). for his works'" (Richardson. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - ." It also makes no reference to the deity of Christ. although he is an ardent Trinitarian. made man of a virgin according to the will of the Father. But now in the time of your dominion he was." "before the ages. or His being "begotten." No wonder its popularity has endured! THE NICENE CREED This creed refers to the Son's pre-existence and origin as Logos in these words: "Begotten of His Father before all worlds. 'The Firstborn of every Creature' (Col.This can be made clear from the writings of Moses. 2:9). 'The Beginning of the Creation of God' (Rev. the lengthiest of all creeds. For as Angel he announces what it is necessary to know. editor. begotten." (Early Christian Fathers. Hence. could all easily subscribe to this creed. God of God." He is still "begotten before all worlds. and a "birth always taking place" but never culminating were later "twists" woven around the original and unambiguous statements. "In Him dwelleth all the fullness of the Godhead bodily' (Col." In this creed we also read of the Son being of one substance with the Father. therefore. Richardson. who took creature hood. Now. God Himself took some creature form. in order that creation might have a mediator. "Elohim. p." ATHANASIAN CREED This. though not written by the Apostles. Bullinger brings forth. as I said before. 309)This is sufficient to show that the idea of the Word being "formed. or a means of communion with Deity. 1:15 and Heb. and hence." but the idea is that he was generated from the Father's "substance. 1:15).. E. very God and very God. in which this is to be found: 'and the angel of God spoke to Moses in a flame of fire out of the bush and said. Aryans. however." "in the beginning. 'before all things' (Co.. This Word was also identified with the Angel of God in the Old Testament times." The doctrine Dr. and Sabellianists. is the Logos or Word. Trinitarians. Cyril C.." from God in a time described as "before all worlds.The Father of the universe has a Son.

When did Jesus "proceed forth" from God? Could it have been when He emerged from the Father as the Word. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . just Spirit. but in the dateless past God produced the celestial body (Ex. Is. 18. 23:23. Servant. CHRIST'S OWN WORDS Christ Himself may have been speaking of his beginning as Word of Jehovah Angel in a number of statements He made. 3. John spoke of the Second Person of the Trinity as the 'Word of God' existing from all eternity as an unexpressed word. Messiah or Christ. destined to take substantial form in time. Vol." In this body God could dwell and "incarnate" Himself and thus have a Mediator for all his subsequent creation. has this to say on the subject: "They knew that St. 8:22-31). Ps 40:6." (Bullinger. 24:10) in which he dwelt. etc.38 - . Ex.. 22. 6. 896) came forth from the omnipotent Spirit in the dateless past before the: “Foundation of the world.. Then 'the Word was made flesh' (John 1:14) in order that He might redeem creation from the curse." (John 8:42). But is there any sense in which it could be said that the Word was eternal? Yes. p. Judges 13. (Gen.' or 'Messenger. first made his appearance "before all ages.' 'Angel. Prov. Joshua 5:13-15 with Ex. His work was begun with Adam (made in His likeness and image). His anointing to the work of redemption. But He came "out from God" as the "form of God" back "before all worlds. it was now the spoken Word through whom all things were made and who was made flesh and dwelt among us" (Catholic Encyclopedia. and it was necessarily suspended. p. If God were you Father." the "Image of the invisible God. 2:7)." (John 17:8). did the inner word come forth. and they have received them. The Word did not exist eternally as a "distinct" divine Second Person in the Godhead. Made flesh in order that He might suffer and die (See Heb. until the Jehovah Angel was brought forth as God's Person. And it was in this one and only Person of the Word that God took up residence and deposited his divine nature. for the Scriptures say: "God sent forth His Son made of a woman" (Gal. in the mind of a Thinker. "His mission in connection with creation was to manifest Deity to His creatures.) This view only makes permanent that which most commentators assume as being only temporary. this was the "beginning of the Creation of God" and the "first born of all creation. The first thing God fashioned was a body for Himself. There was no "persons" at all. D. Oneness theologians could find no argument with this marvelous discussion from the pen of a well-known and well-respected Trinitarian Bible expositor and author. He appeared to Adam and the Patriarchs. referring to his actual dispatch. "Jesus said unto them. ye would love me: for I proceeded forth and came from God. and especially when he sent his word upon the earth in the form of the man Christ. in the sense of having existed in God's mind or foreknowledge as an unexpressed thought." The emergence of the Angel of Jehovah as God's "celestial body" and "mediator" at this remote time is scripturally assured for us (Micah 5:2. IS THE WORD IN ANY SENSE ETERNAL? The Word of God.. as the Word. These statements have a cryptic and mystifying ring to them and may be capable of deeper interpretation than what we have accorded them. 17." For He was God's visible form or Temple before anything was created. 32. 896-897). 8:23. but the Fall interrupted the mission. 42:40. 4:4). In one of his last discussions with the disciples Christ says: "For the Father Himself loveth you. 10:5.But where does the Bible say "He proceeded forth" as the Word of God? Perhaps John 8:42 provides the Bible answer. As such He is the Father's 'Servant. etc. (Prov. with reference to the service actually to be done).C. in the dateless past? We know when He "proceeded forth" from Mary as the Son of God. 21. and have believed that I came out from God" (John 16:27). Only when God decided to create. p70).. to redeem).What is this "coming out from God" that Jesus is speaking of? Obviously it is the same as his "proceeding forth" and is a reference to the time when He.' (Elohim denotes His being set apart to the office with an oath. The Catholic Encyclopedia.. because ye have loved me. In his final prayer Christ says: "For I have given unto them the words which thou gavest me. Philip. of all books. as God's creature form (Bullinger." even "before the worlds were.. before He was "made flesh" (John 1:14)." is what he meant! He "came out" from Mary as the "form of man" in 4 B.took humanity. 17. XI. and have known surely that I came out from thee. John 17:24). Angel or Messenger.Except for the preposterous notion that an "unexpressed word in the mind of a thinker" can be considered a "second What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. or God's Image." Mary produced the Human body in which the divine Spirit dwelt."Came out" as the "First begotten.

" This is the scriptural doctrine concerning the Pre-Existence of Christ." or the "Body of Heaven." The Deity dwelt in this Form as His visible Temple. In a sense this is true.JOHN 3:5 HOW DID NICODEMUS UNDERSTAND IT? BAPTISM SAVES -. Then the Word took actual existence when God "brought forth" His Visible Form. the Jehovah-Angel. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . D. this is the Word that was "in the Beginning" and was eventually "made flesh. it is only logical that this doctrine would receive the fiercest assaults from our enemies. HAD PREVIOUSLY MANIFESTED HIMSELF TO THE PATRIARCHS AS THE WORD OF GOD. and in the case of Dr. The Word existed eternally as an unexpressed concept in God's mind. Therefore. and in the words of E.N. called also the "Word. Baptism in Jesus' name was the first truth recovered after the Latter Rain outpouring of 1900. the main thrust here is correct.Person" in the Trinity.39 - . HE WHO WALKED AMONG US IN THE "DAYS OF HIS FLESH" AS THE SON OF GOD. Boyd and other What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Pages 141 through 151 CHAPTER XVII IMPORTANCE OF BAPTISM DO THE DETAILS OF BAPTISM MATTER AS LONG AS ONE IS "SINCERE"? WHAT ARE THE "WATER TESTS" GOD'S PEOPLE HAVE FACED THROUGHOUT HISTORY? IS BAPTISM IN JESUS' NAME ONE OF THEM? THE HEART OF ONENESS WATER TESTS HISTORY OF THE REVELATION OF BAPTISM IN JESUS' NAME EFFICACY OF BAPTISM WORDS OF CHRIST WHAT COULD BE PLAINER? GOOD-BYE TO AUGUSTINE AND FRIENDS TERTULLIAN JUSTIN MARTYR AUGUSTINE AQUINAS SCHOLARS AND CREEDS BAPTISM FOR (EIS) REMISSION OF SINS BORN OF WATER -.1 PETER 3:21 "WASH AWAY THY SINS" ACTS 22:16 BATH OF REGENERATION PUT ON CHRIST IN BAPTISM BAPTIZED INTO NEWNESS OF LIFE CIRCUMCISION OF THE HEART WHAT MORE IS NEEDED? NEO-TRINITARIAN INDECISION MODERN DAY SUBSTITUTES SALVATION AND "WHAT ONE DOES" THE HEART OF ONENESS Carl Brumback in his book "God in Three Persons" remarked that the very heart of the Oneness Movement is in its doctrine of Baptism in Jesus' Name." Baptism in Jesus' Name was the first step in a doctrinal chain reaction that led to the revelation of the Truth of Oneness and the Biblical New Birth. Bell "it was the vehicle God used to roll up to our astonished eyes a greater vision of Jesus than we had ever seen before.

" (John 3:5). "Then they that gladly received his word were baptized: and the same day there were added [unto them] about three thousand souls. that ye may drink" (2 Kings 3:17). and of the Holy Spirit referred to by our Lord in Matthew 28:19. while preaching a sermon on water baptism. When they. and the Pharisees failed it by rejecting. men responsible for the crucifixion. This sent spiritual waves throughout the assembled congregation. verily. It is in his theories concerning Baptism in Jesus' Name that Dr. being not baptized of him" (Luke 7:30). Also. bring them down unto the water. Boyd claims he was once part of for a number of years: "They went out from us. brooding over the waters. he drives his leaky vessel ever onward through the ocean of confusion and apostasy.. 29:14)." (Acts 2:41).God proved Noah with an earth-wide water test. Right from the start of the Biblical record there is a combination of water and Spirit that results in creation. even a marvelous work and a wonder" (Is.40 - . pricked in their hearts. for if they had been of us.. by placing all the scriptures together. God had alerted the saints beforehand through the Spirit. A great searching of the scripture began concerning the subject of the Name of Jesus Christ. Guided by the Spirit of God he clearly saw. in which. From this small beginning an international movement for the restoration of true New Testament Apostolic religion exists earth wide in the Oneness Pentecostal Revival. D. desired to know what to do to be saved. and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins. that the reason Peter commanded baptism in Jesus' Name at Pentecost was due to the fact that the name "Jesus" is the one name of the Father. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . Thousands of years later the Master tells Nicodemus that another combination of water and Spirit would result in a "new creation. arguments so desperate that many Trinitarians refuse to endorse them."yet that valley shall be filled with water. it will grind him to powder" (Matt 21:44). that he would "Do a New Thing" and proceed to do a "marvelous work among the people. - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. God told Gideon "The people are yet too many. the most bizarre and desperate mechanizations ever brought forth against a Truth.Now he feels he must work diligently to turn this thing back. California.On the day of Pentecost." "Verily. A movement that Dr. This will prove a most difficult and dangerous task for him. pressing the very limits of blasphemy. Sheppe. Peter told them: "Repent. He immediately baptized Glenn Cook who in turn baptized him and a spiritual fire of truth was lit that now encircles the globe. in Gideon's day. How significant . Boyd has ventured the farthest. though it surely was created. "they were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea" (1 Cor.God tested the children of Israel at the Red Sea. Shortly after that.000 only 300 passed the water test.Out of 10. 10:2). "Wherein few. Except a man be born of water and [of] the Spirit. Germany. remarked that if they were to follow Apostolic precept they would baptize their candidates once by immersion in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ for the remission of sins. Bro. a Bro. received a tremendous revelation concerning the Name of Jesus and dutifully woke his fellow campers up in the midnight hour to share it. I say unto thee. an immigrant from Danzig. which means "Dry Gully" in Spanish. and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. McAllister from Canada. It came quietly at first. HISTORY OF THE REVELATION OF BAPTISM IN JESUS' NAME In the year 1913 a worldwide camp meeting of "Spirit baptized" Pentecostal believers was held in Arroyo Seco.Another water and Spirit event." (Acts 2:38). Frank Ewart was the first to see the relationship between Matthew 28:19 and Acts 2:38. The Spirit is also there. "for whosoever shall fall on this rock shall be broke: but on whomsoever it shall fall. No mention is made of its creation. but they were not of us. Peter put the water test to the assembled multitude. In the New Testament John the Baptist brought a water test to the people in preparation to receiving Christ. they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us" 1 John 2:19. he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. A Bro. WATER TESTS God has always tested and proved his people through the means of water.Neo-Trinitarians. that is eight souls were saved by water" (1 Peter 3:20). and of the Son. "the counsel of God against themselves. A name. an air of expectancy prevailed over the Camp Meeting. Therefore. When the Bible opens there is water (Genesis 1:2). and I will try them for thee there" (Judges 7:4).

Vol. they could not have missed something so elemental as baptism.belief plus baptism yields salvation.) that he should obtain -. Why doesn't he quote them now on this position? He doesn't dare. a man is brought down into the water and washed to the accompaniment of a few words. For our opponents know that if people are taught that baptism is not "all that important. and the Cappodocian Fathers. Phillip Schaff's Companion to Greek New Testament. WORDS OF CHRIST So salvation was never "seen as being directly contingent upon baptism. because he is again impaled on the horns of a dilemma. AUGUSTINE Baptism confers "supernatural grace upon those who receive" and "expunges the stain of original sin from them" (Encyclopedia Britanica.. and Irenaeus." Conspicuous by its absence in Dr. For they all believed strongly and fervently in "baptism for remission of sins. the same as saying that salvation was ever seen as being directly contingent upon baptism. Reconstruction of Belief. III." (Boyd.. they are no longer wise nor great. Ante-Nicene. AQUINAS Baptism is a "means of grace." certainly not "essential for salvation. p." (Encyclopedia Britanica. and "great saints" of the church all proclaim with one united voice the same doctrine -. The continual insistence in the New Testament that it is faith. p.. but when it comes to their equally dogmatic position on water baptism for remission of sins. All the early Church fathers.EFFICACY OF BAPTISM The opening volley of every attack on water baptism in Jesus' Name is always an attempt to minimize the importance of baptism in general. Boyd's omission of this passage may be due to the fact that he does not consider this portion of Mark as part of the Word of God. Boyd is quite content to soak up their wisdom in regards to the Trinity (and pass it on second hand to us). who is a much older witness than any of our existing manuscripts quotes vs. but he that believeth not shall be damned. and comes up again little or no cleaner. therefore. 136). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved. Aquinas.eternal life." and "sin. and faith alone. If he quotes them on baptismal regeneration he will have to admit that it is either a valid doctrine or that they were deceived and unenlightened! Neither of which would be pleasant for him." (Gore." GOOD-BYE TO AUGUSTINE AND FRIENDS It is amazing to see how quickly Dr. reveals that Baptism is for the remission of sins. page 190 proves the passage is included in 500 ancient manuscripts! Schaff says: "The section is found in most of the uncial and in all the cursive manuscripts and on most of the ancient versions. both original and actual is forgiven. Surely if these fathers were so "divinely illuminated" as to discover such teachings as the Perichoresis doctrine. 138). however. and has been washed in the laver for the remission of sins and for regeneration. 139). a view held in common with Jehovah's Witnesses. it is regarded as incredible (to unbelievers ." then they will not feel so compelled to give diligent search as to the proper mode or formula. 918). p. p. p." But it is. Boyd has parted company with the "great saints of the church" including Augustine." But I insist on waking them and hearing them bark! TERTULLIAN "So in the case of baptism.. in all existing Greek and Syriac lectionaries as far as examined. "Seems like quite a direct contingency to me -. for he writes: "This is not.ed." "admits to membership in the visible church. III. 19 as part of the Gospel of Mark. Boyd's discussion are the extremely "contingent" words of Christ in Mark 16:16."It's not in the original Greek. Boyd well knows it. The unanimous testimony of every early Church document (Apostolic Fathers. Boyd is no different in this respect. Post-Nicene). The list could go on indefinitely. D.baptism for remission of sins. Dr. and Dr. and the weight of scholarship now leans ever increasingly in its favour. 645).41 - . The only alternative is to let "sleeping dogs lie. This is an old dodge often employed -. JUSTIN MARTYR "No one is allowed to partake of it (the Eucharist) unless he believes that what we teach is true." They were baptismal regenerationists to a man! Dr. And a diligent search in scripture and history is the last thing our detractors want! For they know it is fatal to their position. that saves a person is itself enough to prove this. WHAT COULD BE PLAINER? Dr. who print it reluctantly in the margin of their New World Translation. Vol. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S." (Gore.

Thayer’s Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament. But Neo-Trinitarian "easy-believism" advocates now of another meaning! "The preposition 'eis' in Greek can simply mean 'with a view towards. it is available.Nicene Creed. The Greek Church. into. word for word. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . towards. 138).And that includes Baptismal Regeneration! SCHOLARS AND CREEDS All scholarship is agreed on this point: "On the basis of these and similar declarations by the writers of the New Testament it may be concluded that in the Christian Community of the 1st Century baptism occupied a place of great importance and was regarded as essential to the New Birth and to membership in the Kingdom of God" (Encyclopedia Britanica. Arndt and F. Dr. that are such doctrinal fortresses for Trinitarian Belief. and the same voices. “This certainly kills Dr." and "Aquinas." Hence according to this theory we are baptized "because of" the remission of sins. which we already received when we "signed a decision card." For they all held unequivocally to baptism for remission of sins. How much reliance can one place on that divided camp! BAPTISM FOR (EIS) REMISSION OF SINS The first Gospel sermon preached in the newly opened church age was delivered by the Apostle Peter on the Day of Pentecost and climaxed with these immortal words: "Repent. in his Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament.' 'in connection with. Vol. Dr." Thayer. founder of Protestantism knew of no other meaning. toward to" (William F. In Matthew 26:28 Christ uses the exact same phrase. that the word "for" in Acts 2:38 really means "because of." But he is awfully silent on how to apply the "creedal language" of these "ancient confessions" where they announce such "orthodox teachings" as "we acknowledge one baptism unto the remission of sins" -.. in whose language the verse was written. p 161)." There it is. 136). in.. or direction and limit. And what of the Creeds? These creeds. which is shed for many for the remission of sins..In other words this is the old worn out argument." (Joseph H. 4th ed. for among. Boyd takes great pains to point out the correct interpretation of what the "ancient confessions" really meant in regards to the Trinity. "spruced up" somewhat.exactly the same as in Peter's sermon..Arndt and Gingrich. Dr. Thayer.' or 'in the light of." or "slipped up a finger" or "allowed" Jesus to come into our heart. as found in Acts 2:38 ." The context in this case is the Last Supper and the Lord is speaking of his blood. and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. Peter is in this passage simply saying that baptism should follow the repentance that has brought about the forgiveness of sins. Boyd is so happy to refer us to on the Question of the Trinity.eis ophesin hamartion: "for the remission of sins. Fathers and Apologists. Martin Luther. All the early writings of the Church. Wilbur Gingrich. so that sins might be forgiven." (Acts 2:38). A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and other Early Christian Literature)." It means "in order to obtain.' If this interpretation is meant.baptism is the means of obtaining remission of sins. so understood it. D.for forgiveness of sins.into. Now did Christ mean his blood would be shed because the believers already had remission of sins." "church traditions. Allies on the Trinity.42 - . Dr. enemies of baptism. knows of no other meaning. why such "deafening silence" on the second half. The preposition "eis" does not mean "because of" or "in the light of. of them he says on page 161: "And each of these figures understood himself to be passing on the Faith that was had been handed down by the Apostles from the beginning" (Boyd. or did he mean that it would be shed for them to obtain remission What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins. also shelter within their walls the teaching of Baptismal Regeneration! On pages 172 and 173. p. In the first half of the Nicene Creed (which speaks of the Trinity) is true and applicable. "for the remission of sins" -. lest we become guilty of a "misapplication of the creedal language." "Cappodocians. "This is my blood. unquestionable authorities agree with Thayer: "of place -. Boyd's innovative translation and lays it in it well-deserved grave. This nonsensical interpretation has been answered repeatedly in the past. defines it: "a preposition governing the accusative case and denoting entrance into.The same men. which puts forth baptism for remission of sins? Its sad but true.This has always been to mean just what it says -.). For the Acts 2:38 passage they have to say this: "to denote purpose." "Augustine. Boyd and other Neo-Trinitarians must bid a reluctant farewell to "church Fathers." (Boyd. III. Church History of 1500 years knew of no other meaning. But if more proof is desired. in order to . p.

All agree flesh is literal. Except a man be born of water and of the Spirit.43 - . in support of the Doctrine of the Trinity. he says: "Hence it seems most likely that 'water' is being used as a metaphorical synonym for 'Spirit' in verse 5" What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. all agree Spirit is literal. 138).of sins? Obviously to obtain remission of sins. and flesh. The Cappodocians.in the language of the Rabbis as if he were a 'little child just born'" (Gore. and all the region round about Jordan. This is absolutely untrue. all the early church fathers and apologists. but when we come to water it suddenly becomes symbolic in some people's minds. the same sources. I say unto thee. p. D. Nicodemus would not have understood. HOW DID NICODEMUS UNDERSTAND IT? The implication is that Nicodemus had no experience with the practice of baptism. Their fertile imaginations go into overdrive! Through the years I have heard that "water" refers to the birth fluid surrounding the fetus. and Titus 3:5.In the light of all this it would seem incredible if Nicodemus didn't associate our Lord's phrase with water baptism. Therefore. "Jesus answered. “This is so obviously a reference to baptism of water and Spirit that our opponents become almost frantic in their efforts to escape its impact. and "went out to Jerusalem.baptism "in order to obtain" remission of sins. 672). Why? He knows he's "changed hats" for a while and can't use them. p. all "apostolic Fathers. Mark 16:16. and were baptized of him in Jordan. There is no other viewpoint in the early church. with a vengeance! BORN OF WATER -. confessing their sins" (Matt 3:5-6). of course. verily..JOHN 3:5Next the statement of Christ himself must be attacked in order to depose Baptism from its scriptural essentiality. or waters of salvation. p. etc. Again. Dr. that Nicodemus couldn't possibly comprehend. he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. Peter's command in Acts 2:38. John the Baptist had just finished a mass water baptismal campaign in preparation for the Messiah's arrival (Luke 3:3) in which a "multitude" of Jews "Came forth to be baptized of him" (Luke 3:7). that's why! "Its certainly difficult to suppose that Nicodemus would have understood 'water' as referring to the not-yet-existent ritual of Christian baptism" (Boyd." Therefore Christ certainly would not have brought up something." -anything but baptism in water! Jesus in John 3 talks about births involving Spirit. Boyd offer as an alternative interpretation to "born of water" as a reference to water baptism? Ever the innovator.. means exactly the same -. or the Word of God. all water baptismal references." scholars.Gore also quotes the distinguished Hebrew scholar Eldrsheim who adds: "as he (the proselyte) stepped out of these waters he was considered 'born anew' -.What is the reason? Why. and hence would never have made the connection between "born of water" and "baptized in water. for they oppose his doctrine of baptismal efficacy. Nicodemus would have been very familiar with the practice of baptizing in water all proselytes to the Jewish faith: "Baptism. by the way. was already in the time of our Lord (with circumcision and sacrifice) the rite for the incorporation of the Gentile proselytes into the community of Israel. In his section on "Baptismal Regeneration" (pages 134-139)..almost never quoting it when mentioning the New Birth. the Roman Catholic Church. which is a perfect parallel to Matthew 26:28. Boyd and other Trinitarians." "the fathers. the Anglican Church. The Greek Orthodox Church. In almost any Bible the marginal references will direct you to Acts 2:38. It would be the first thing to come to his mind! And what does Dr. Boyd doesn't mention even one time "the church. and Aquinas would be quick to explain it as baptism and would be "astonished beyond measure" at any other interpretation. 1 Peter 3:21. water. In addition. interpreted it to mean water baptism. And with this conclusion agree all major Greek scholars." all "the great saints of the Church. church history. 138). Dr. for he has yet another interpretation: "Turning to John 3:5 there is simply no decisive reason to think Jesus is referring to baptism when he says that one must be 'born of water'" (Boyd. that are appealed to by Dr. still future.sources he is so fond of appealing to in his Godhead discussions. Those who relegate baptism to a mere "outward sign of an inward work" are always nervous around John 3:5 -. or the preaching of the Word. The whole ceremony was their 'New Birth' as Israelites" (Gore. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . or Christ's "belly. or orthodox tradition -. Verily. Boyd must again bid them Adieu. Augustine. theologians. and would brand as a heretic anyone who taught otherwise! But. the Lutheran Church. ante and post Nicene writers. 672). and all Judaea." all reputable historians of Early Christianity.

The "answer of a good conscience" is absolutely essential. and this water (the Flood -. And so have we! BAPTISM SAVES -. "answers" God's command by being baptized in water. Boyd says it means the "opposite" (p. Also that this is the only plan recognized by those who wrote immediately after the close of the - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. but the answer of a good conscience toward God. That there is symbolism is true." This is Roman Catholic. First he mentions that Peter..44 - .. regardless of the subjects upon whom it is performed. cannot. The next day one of the girls remarked to me that her preacher had told her the Bible never says you have to be baptized to be saved. In the next clause Peter is quick to point out what gives baptism its saving efficacy. 137).) symbolizes baptism that now saves you also. Dr. comatose patient. "the answer of a good conscience toward God.1 PETER 3:21The passage in 1 Peter 3:21 is next on the "hit" list: "The like figure whereunto [even] baptism doth also now save us (not the putting away of the filth of the flesh. lunatic. It is the flood of Noah that symbolizes baptism. cleanse any sin! "The putting away of the filth of the flesh" or in other words the contact of water upon the skin.) by the resurrection of Jesus Christ: "The connection between water baptism and the salvation it produces is so strongly linked here ("contingent" if you please) that "they who labour. The whole idea is absurd and Oneness people have never taught that.) only a few people. "He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved" (Mark 16:16). The following day she returned to class and I asked her what her preacher had to say. not baptism! His beloved NIV translation brings it our clearly: "In it (the ark -.This leads to the truly bizarre conclusion that what Jesus actually said was: "Unless a man be born of the Spirit and of the Spirit he cannot enter the Kingdom of God!" And of course. Boyd reverses the Bible completely when he says: "The reality that brings forth baptism is the act of repentance and the forgiveness of sins that produces the saint's ‘good conscience’" (Boyd. We teach exactly what Peter expresses in this passage: that when the external rite of baptism is accompanied with "the answer of a good conscience. I quoted 1 Peter 3:21 where it states.ed. But Dr. p. by itself." (Boyd." produced through repentance. in other words it proves Baptism does not save! To turn back this Niagara of proof he resorts to two different maneuvers.(Boyd. p. repentance and belief in Christ. D. has water applied to them. then baptism will save or produce remission of sins. is the means by which the erring sinner is pardoned of his transgression. and Dr. If this were true then any sinner splashing around in the lake or river where a baptism was in progress would be automatically saved. but also from the fact that he goes on to clarify that he is not talking about any literal washing or 'removal of dirt from the body.'" (Boyd. but not Pentecostal teaching. but it is not the symbolism Dr. Once years ago when I was teaching school I got involved in a discussion with some students on salvation. regardless! That is "baptismal regeneration" and is miles apart from the teaching of the UPCI or any other Oneness Organization. It is for this reason that Catholic theology.138). coupled with repentance and faith. '"baptismal regeneration." (I Peter 3:21 NIV). The flood is the symbol. Boyd knows it. This is the New Testament message and the original plan of salvation." in other words. p." that person receives a cleansing from sin and an incorporation in the body of Christ." That ended that! Almost every text of scripture that touches on the subject of baptism indicates that it is essential to salvation." The literal water. "Nicodemus would have readily picked up on this.. and of the Holy Ghost.. or whoever. labour in vain" to refute it. H20. 139). eight souls in all were saved through water.That's not what Peter said! A "good conscience. 138). 138). in "the Name of the Father.ed. whether by sprinkling. She replied: "He said not to talk to you anymore. "is here talking symbolically" and this is "clear not only from the fact that he explicitly says he is talking symbolically.The flood of Noah is the type. I made the comment that baptism was necessary for salvation. accident victim. dogmatically and "infallibly" teaches that if a baby. Baptism is the Anti-type or the reality. Boyd would have you believe. Baptism. The teaching that a mere application of water with a religious formula cleanses from sin. pouring or spitting (!). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . "Baptism doth also now save us" and asked her to show it to her preacher. otherwise all you are left with is an ineffectual bath of the "filth of the flesh". and of the Son. cannot by itself save. and this is what saves! Christ said the same thing in more succinct phraseology. p.

with one's 'putting on Christ' (Gal. Then our bodies are "washed" with pure water. and wash away thy sins." Paul never forgot or deviated. “The writer of Hebrews says the same thing. Without this we cannot "draw near" to God "with a true heart.45 - . NEO-TRINITARIAN INDECISION Even Dr. and renewing of the Holy Ghost" (Titus 3:5). baptism (the "circumcision of Christ") removes or "puts off the body of sins. he was instructed by Annanias in the following words: "And now why tarriest thou? arise. For if we have been planted (i. How much more evidence is needed to establish the saving efficacy of baptism? PUT ON CHRIST IN BAPTISM Paul further teaches that we "put on Christ" by being "baptized into Christ" (Galatians 3:27).e. with the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.” unless a man is "born of water and Spirit he cannot enter God's Kingdom. baptism) together in the likeness of his death." It puts off the "body of sins. which was made possible "through Jesus Christ our Saviour" (v." and puts us in the "body of Christ." and to "rise with Christ.Greek). what more could he possibly have said? Every word conceivable. "Are you in the Church Triumphant? Are you in the Saviour's bride? Come and be baptized into the body and for evermore abide!" BAPTIZED INTO NEWNESS OF LIFE Water baptism is a pre-requisite for "newness of life" and participation in the future resurrection from the dead at his coming: "Know ye not. WHAT MORE IS NEEDED? If God wanted to say that baptism is absolutely essential for securing remission of sins and obtaining salvation. 3:27). Do you want to be in Christ? Be baptized into Him! Do you want to put on Christ? You put him on through water baptism. It is the ancient teaching of the primitive Church. every metaphor imagined. In the Old Testament circumcision removed part of the literal flesh of the male and incorporated him into Israel. Jesus said he that "believes and is baptized shall be saved. the new "Israel of God. but according to his mercy he saved us. 6:4-5). we shall be also in the likeness of his resurrection": (Rom. wherein also ye are risen with [him] through the faith of the operation of God." This is brought out clearly in Colossians 2:11-12. baptism is associated with one's being united with Christ (Rom." or have "full assurance of faith." to get "in Christ." He therefore called it a "washing of regeneration" which "saves us. and be baptized.Baptism in conjunction with repentance ("calling on the name of the Lord") leads to "washing away of sins. calling on the name of the Lord." (Heb. Therefore if you are not baptized "into Christ" you are still "outside" him. every example observable is brought before us to drive home the point." Baptism is the only means to "put on Christ. Our hearts are "sprinkled from an evil conscience" through repentance. 6:3-5). D.. Boyd is forced to admit that after such a scriptural bombardment that these passages ". "In whom also ye are circumcised with the circumcision made without hands. BATH OF REGENERATION We hear him telling Titus: "Not by works of righteousness which we have done.New Testament canon. on a street called Straight." Paul was told to be baptized to "wash away his sins. In the strongest possible terms." Did the Bible leave anything out? I think not.." and simultaneously incorporates us into the church. in putting off the body of the sins of the flesh by the circumcision of Christ: Buried with him in baptism.. 10:23-24). He likened baptism to a "bath" or "washing" of regeneration. even so we also should walk in newness of life. CIRCUMCISION OF THE HEART Paul also compares baptism with the Old Testament rite of circumcision. 6)." Peter said to be baptized "for the remission of sins. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . from the deposit of Truth he received that day in the house of Judas. which bear this out. some of whom were contemporary with John and Paul.do show that baptism was regarded as being an essential aspect of the ordinary saving experience of early believers. "WASH AWAY THY SINS" ACTS 22:16There are other scriptures. But in the church age." because "baptism doth also now save us. who hath raised him from the dead. by the washing of regeneration ("bath of regeneration" -." (Acts 22:16). When Paul converted. that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? Therefore we are buried with him by baptism into death: that like as Christ was raised up from the dead by the glory of the Father.

that's it! You're as good as signed. but with the understanding that repentance is not needed (and is almost never even mentioned in these "plans of salvation").whether inside or outside the church" (Boyd.ed.(we are told).And we have "no motivation to love and accept people unconditionally . all the pages! MODERN DAY SUBSTITUTES How the modern day "evangelicals" with their waterless "dry cleaning" salvation wish they had the scriptural armory that we Oneness Pentecostals have. and "in the strongest possible terms. if they believed Jesus was the Son of God and their Saviour. for those who would serve him: "One is not saved in this Theology (Oneness . to what one does" (Boyd." Reluctantly the new "convert" does this." according to what Dr. who were busy doing laundry.forgiveness of sins (Acts 2:38) and . fornicators. While they're doing that. it’s all as simple as ABC -. then read page 136. But don't worry about it. as you "grow" and "mature". for this would be "legalistic" and "bondage". Therefore baptism was a necessary and indispensable "aspect of the ordinary saving experience. we'll be reading our Bible. And of course. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . wife swapping.Accept. prostitutes and drug dealers! No conditions. God bless you!"). baptism is associated with the forgiveness of sins. You may keep smoking. acid rocking. in a most particular fashion. p. loving relationship with Christ alone.Now if someone would just go in and inform them of the fact (before their clothes dry and they leave). just come in! God doesn't require anything -.for one page can make a tremendous difference. that is!) Yes. D. Confess -. 194). If you believe it’s not "contingent" and "faith alone" is all that's needed. some like it cold. sealed and delivered. that saves a person is itself to prove this" (Boyd." -. and faith alone. blasphemers. 2:11-12). Now the 20th Century preachers even have Jesus running "for election" and the people are "to make a decision about Christ!" Or better still. they send in their "absentee ballot" by signing a decision card! (Can you imagine Peter passing out decision cards on the Day of Pentecost?). Then they plead with the unrepentant prospect to "allow Jesus to come into his heart and live.Will he ever make up his mind? On page 135 baptism is an "essential aspect" of salvation. indispensable" (Webster's unified Dictionary). the same as saying that salvation was ever seen as being directly contingent upon baptism. p.. There is nothing to indicate that this act was perceived as being in any sense peripheral to the Gospel" (Boyd. if ever. for "some like it hot. but like old Mother Hubbard. p. Believe. they find that cupboard is bare! They search in vain where the Apostles told the people to "just slip up a hand" ("I see that hand. p. They all said "yes" and he proudly came out and announced that 16 people had just been born again! ." By page 136.with one's becoming a member of the New Covenant Community (Col. 194). no cleaning up or changing of lifestyle. Boyd criticizes the Oneness Movement in a number of places because we espouse a God who actually has requirements and conditions. There's "no condemnation to those who are in Christ Jesus" (as long as you don't finish reading the verse. I assume Neo-Trinitarians must be under a burden to please everyone in their camp on the baptismal issue. Rather salvation is tied. however.46 - . I'm sure they would be quite surprised! SALVATION AND "WHAT ONE DOES" Dr. he spends the rest of the chapter dispensing with its essentiality! And this he begins to do on the following page: "This is not however.) by virtue of being in a gracious. salvation is not "directly contingent upon baptism" and it is "faith. They would love to have just one text where the apostles coaxed someone to "accept Jesus as their very own personal Saviour". and some like it in the text nine pages old!" If you believe its essential read page 135.He uses the word "essential" which means "necessary.this will all "drop off" eventually. living together "without benefit of clergy. But our What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.We are therefore very wrong for not accepting people "unconditionally" into our church membership. I know of an incident in Florida where a "worker" went into the Laundromat and asked 16 people there. drinking. But the Apostles were too busy telling people to "Repent and be baptized in Jesus' Name" for such nonsense. Boyd states! Now having said that baptism is essential or "indispensable" to salvation. The continual insistence in the New Testament that it is faith. 135). and faith alone that saves a person"! A lot can happen in one page! In the next nine pages follows the standard hackneyed arguments used to "explain away" the passages he previously designated as the "strongest possible terms!" In these type of books one must be very careful to mark your place in reading -.. starting with baptism. 136).

It is not even related to our performance. p.47 - . and the fire is not quenched. For it contains two words that do not fit into their "cheap grace" gospel. Our acceptance to God is wholly based on God's performance. won't be disciplined. Not everyone that sayeth unto me. p. Boyd advocates." (Mark 9:48).God does require repentance and change of life (And we do too!) Dr. mercy. We are told: ". 196). our loving relationship with him is not a sort of bridge to God we construct with our 'good behavior'. "just believe. 196).People that cannot be disciplined. Christ had accepted them just as they were (topless and all!). or as tolerant! She then proceeded to inform me that the Holy Spirit guided her in the selection of these books! Perfectly good books for evangelical Christians to feed upon according to her. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . because God "gave us brains. And. I recently talked to one of these new type "Christians. and the mercy of God.to love and accept people unconditionally -. and do works meet for repentance" (Acts 26:20). Rather our relationship with Him is something God Himself accomplishes by opening up his loving sociality now to include us.He further states: "Because God is essentially social and loving. of course. which manifests who God eternally is. How does it sound to you. The so-called "church" of today tolerates every abhorrent behavior and sinful lifestyle in the name of "love" and "acceptance". according to What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.whether inside or outside the Church" (p. Wherefore by their fruits ye shall know them." "faith alone" preaching leads to -. After all. 194). It would run contrary to their idea of a very "understanding" God." and we are "free” to decide what to believe! And this my friends is the end to which all such unapostolic.The results of this philosophy of God and salvation is tragic. Lord. 195). naturally. Boyd's God does not. The only standard most preachers require today is that you impose no standard. unconditionally are in. so great salvation. 10:31). "it is not even related to our performance" (Boyd.And this spills over into Church discipline. or "if thine eye offend thee. And hell. and went about to kill me" (v. is never mentioned! David Wilkerson. acceptance. D."Doing the will of the Father" certainly sounds like a condition to be performed. she quickly informed me she had read them and was surprised that I was not as broad minded as she. Though they love to quote Paul. Love. judgment. on yourself or anyone else.. Any preacher who does set that forth as a true requirement for salvation will be killed in the jumbo church ecclesiastical temples of today. --And that must include those Go-Go Cages and on bar tops as well! "Every tree that bringeth forth not good fruit is hewn down. And we must. And even though we shall "not escape if we neglect. ye shall all likewise perish" (Luke 13:3). The plan of Salvation is reduced to a smile in God's direction. and insist on their right to believe anything that supports their corrupt lifestyle. in which she offers for sale two blasphemous books. who he eternally exists. namely "repentance" and "works". they could "witness" for Christ at work! This kind of "mentality" is the direct result of the type of salvation Dr. who preaches a clear message of repentance and change. "Faith and faith alone" is all they want to hear. pluck it out. 7:20-21).21)." After all. "For these causes the Jews caught me in the temple. dear reader? Much is said about the love of Christ. they refuse to preach his gospel that men "should repent and turn to God. selectively that is. it is better for thee to enter into the kingdom of God with one eye. but please don't mention it! For they like to picture God as a loving "Grandpa" in Heaven who tolerates any behavior in the name of love. Repentance." (Boyd. "Rather. we know that God is naturally being the infinitely loving God.” it would not be polite to mention it. and cast into the fire. tolerance. p. precisely when he enters into the unconditional relationship with us that he desires" (Boyd. Paul's audience didn't like it either. Lord shall enter into the Kingdom of heaven" (Matt. accountability and holiness are out. "Where their worm dieth not. It may be a "fearful thing to fall into the hands of the living God" (Heb. One of which offers the idea that Jesus' conception may have resulted from Mary having sex with Zechariahs the Priest!! And the other book advocated the church accepting and blessing pre-marital fornication and homosexual marriages!! When I pointed out to her the blasphemous contents of these books. than having two eyes to be cast into hell fire" (Mark 9:47). But they have no use for the Christ who said: "Except ye repent. as the Oneness Theology requires." a lady who owns a Christian bookstore. recently mentioned meeting so-called "born again believers" who could not see anything wrong in continuing in their jobs as "topless" dancers in a "nudie bar.. And this is certainly scriptural.

.. THUS JESUS INCLUDED WATER BAPTISM IN GOD'S SAVING ECONOMY. Boyd. JESUS UNFOLDED THE TRUE PLAN OF SALVATION TO NICODEMUS WHEN HE SAID: ". HE CANNOT ENTER INTO THE KINGDOM OF GOD. JESUS EMPHASIZED THE ABSOLUTE ESSENTIALITY OF BAPTISM WHEN HE ANNOUNCED TO HIS APOSTLES. BEASLEY-MURRAY WILHELM BOUSSET DR. D.48 - . Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - ." (MARK 16:16). "HE THAT BELIEVETH AND IS BAPTIZED SHALL BE SAVED. Pages: 151 through 166 CHAPTER XVIII NO OTHER NAME DO ONENESS PEOPLE IGNORE JESUS' COMMAND TO BAPTIZE "IN THE NAME OF THE FATHER AND OF THE SON AND OF THE HOLY GHOST"? WHY ARE TRINITARIANS TRYING TO ELIMINATE ALL BAPTISMAL FORMULAE. BOTH ONENESS AND TRINITARIAN? IS THE FORMULA AN UNNECESSARY DETAIL? IS FEAR HEALTHY? THE FORMULA G. accept them unconditionally into the church.R...Dr. "Our performance is not the issue" remember." JOHN 3:5.EXCEPT A MAN BE BORN OF WATER AND OF THE SPIRIT. ARMITAGE ROBINSON DEAN STANLEY ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGION AND ETHICS HASTINGS DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE THE NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA OTTO HEICK SCHAFF-HERZOG ENCYCLOPEDIA ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA BAPTIST SCHOLAR BEASLEY-MURRAY SPEAKS OUT THE CATHOLIC CHURCH GOES TO "CONFESSION" WILLISTON WALKER ENCYCLOPEDIA BIBLICA NEW TESTAMENT ACCOUNTS JERUSALEM SAMARIA CAESAREA EPHESUS ETHIOPIA DAMASCUS CORINTH ROME GALATIA COLOSSE THE FIRST CHURCH COUNCIL AND BAPTISM IN JESUS' NAME WHAT ABOUT MATTHEW 28:19? REVELATION AND RECONCILIATION What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.

He feels of course. Some will argue that God is not interested in details. Son and Holy Ghost in baptism. the King of Kings. the First and the Last. the One that was. Neither is baptism something we perform for God. Son. the Bright and Morning Star. and is and is to come. THE ALMIGHTY. not God. If baptism is essential. the Quakers use nothing. Was it just a detail when Uzzah touched the ark to steady it as it made its way down the dusty road. No one ever used the words Father. 145). If it were a detail. the Beginning and the Ending. He told them to baptize in the NAME of the Father.49 - . D. 145). that the baptismal formula is a technicality! To obey God exactly in the requirements for salvation. 145). Every Apostle. ANY PHRASE! APOSTOLIC APPLICATION PHANTOM FORMULAS Jesus did not tell His disciples to baptize using the words Father. every disciple. as we in the Oneness faith believe in doing." "God wasn't picky. and one blaspheming modernist in Maryland set beer and pretzels on the altar. the Prince of Peace. we now turn our attention to the "formula. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . then it is essential that we do it correctly. and details did matter. the God presupposed in this theology will damn a person on a technicality" (p. But what constitutes a "detail"? Was it a "detail" that the death angel was looking for that dark night in Egypt when the first-born son was slain in every house that had no blood on the doorposts and lintels? Could the Jews have varied the "details" a little and painted the windows instead? Or used red paint instead of blood? After all. the Mighty God. who What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. He said "the details don't matter. every writer of the New Testament was baptized in Jesus' Name. SON AND HOLY GHOST IS JESUS THE APOSTLES AGREE THE "NAMELESS" BAPTISM THE EFFECT OF THE "NO-NAME" DOCTRINE OPENING PANDORA'S BOX IS THE FORMULA VERBAL? PROOF OF VERBAL FORMULA SCHOLARS TESTIFY TO VERBAL FORMULA PICK A PHRASE. the Lord of Lords. For it is we. is characterized as "a relationship between a meticulous perfectionistic employer and his fearful employees. they look the same. he was killed for it! Or what about the "details" concerning the Lord's Supper? Must we use bread and fruit of the vine? The Mormons use bread and water. WHY DO YOU? Acts 2:38 Acts 8:14-16 Acts 10:44-48 Acts 19:1-6 Acts 22:16 IS THE FORMULA AN UNNECESSARY DETAIL? Having established the importance and essentiality of water baptism." But God was "picky" that night. the Son and the Holy Ghost. and Holy Ghost.And he refers to water baptism as a "procedure the believer performs for God" (p. Son and Holy Ghost. the Everlasting Father." as long as the intent was correct! Where will it stop as ministers relegate everything they don't agree with to "circular file" of "unnecessary details"? Boyd sums up his opposition to our insistence on the use of the New Testament formula by saying: "In other words. That name is JESUS!! JESUS is the Father.We don't view God as a "meticulous perfectionistic" just because he sets down clearly in the Word a very simple plan for the procurement of pardon.REVELATION AT PENTECOST MATTHEW 28:19 EXPLAINED THEOLOGICALLY SIGNIFICANT FINDING THE ONE NAME THE NAME OF THE SON THE NAME OF THE FATHER MEANING OF THE NAME OF JESUS NAME OF THE HOLY GHOST NAME OF THE FATHER." or words to be spoken over the candidate. and God is not "picky." (p.

Heb. This is the Formula and the New Testament knows no other! Dr. there does exist a small amount of evidence to this effect.He further proves that baptism was performed with the invocation of Jesus Name. Baptism in the New Testament. instead of this "merrily we skip along" attitude that has developed over under the guise of "love" and "grace". and use "grace" as an excuse for this "free-wheeling. His volume is a masterpiece of research. let us hear the conclusion reached by eminent scholars from just such a scriptural examination. Boyd apparently thinks "fear" has no place in a "relationship between a passionately loving Father and his undeserving children" (p. "Lo. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® .R. indeed. I come. Technicalities and all! For the "volume of the book" is full of them! IS FEAR HEALTHY? Dr. BEASLEY-MURRAY This Baptist scholar and historian. THE FORMULA The New Testament is abundantly clear that Christian baptism was always performed in Jesus' name. 4:1Omitting the Name of Jesus in water baptism would certainly cause one to "come short". but in the second and third century as well. p. a promise being left [us] of entering into his rest. D. We are the sole beneficiaries of that great experience."If the earliest disciples did in fact baptize in Jesus' Name" he says! There's no "if" about it! We have the record. Beasley-Murray.. work out your own salvation with fear and trembling Phil 2:12Paul believed it was more important to tremble than to whistle! the writer to the Hebrews says: Let us therefore fear.50 - . not as in my presence only. - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S." (p. Trinitarians better fear! What the modern church." They baptized in no other way! He surely must admit this. 141)." lends his body to the devil. if we consider New Testament practice. Before we examine the scriptural record. Acts 4:12And Jesus told us something also about those who do not have particular concern about even the least of his commandments (and baptism is certainly. but now much more in my absence. 10:7). lest. and shall teach men so. And.receive remission of sins. a graduate of Princeton! He reads the Greek. We are not to "pick and choose" what is a technicality and what is not! We Oneness are not "fearful employees" but joyously obedient followers of Christ. Son and Holy Spirit" (G." that was shown him.” pick as you please cafeteria approach to religion? Peter silenced these arguments about the unimportance of the Name of Jesus and its employment when he said: Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name ("no second name") under heaven given among men. it should at least be very clear they did not do so with the Oneness significance. as ye have always obeyed. The work is truly the "be all" and "end all" on the baptismal controversy. even if the earliest disciples did in fact baptize in Jesus' name. he knows what scholarship says in this point. he shall be called the least in the kingdom of heaven: Matthew 5:19That's the principle of obedience that Christ laid down. was commissioned by the Baptist Church to write a definitive volume on water baptism for the benefit of the Baptist Church. any of you should seem to come short of it. which claims to be Christian. 82-83). he has an open Bible. my beloved. Boyd grudgingly hints this may be so: "Thus. to do thy will. for "it is written. He did not consider the evidence "a small amount" for he writes: "There is not one example in the whole New Testament literature of a baptism taking place in the Name of the Father. fluent in classic languages. whereby we must be saved. Should we do less. and keeps his mind for himself! And this is real grounds for fear! (and worry!). not that): Whosoever therefore shall break one of these least commandments.He further states: "The more informed Oneness Pentecostals like to argue that Jesus' Name baptism was practiced not only in Acts. 141). He has left no stone unturned. Boyd's "no fear" theory for he wrote: Wherefore.R.. 145)." And our desire is that we may say. needs is a little more fear. as Christ did. But we all know the results of such thinking in today's society in which the children have absolutely no fear of their parents: Promiscuous lawlessness! Paul did not agree with Dr... enter into the joy of your Lord. who look forward to hearing: "Come thou good and faithful servant. G." (Heb." (p. O God. The modern day evangelical convert is fast degenerating into an individual who gives his "heart to Jesus. He is an educated man. he has access to great libraries. Moses was told to be careful to "make all things according to the pattern.

was associated with remission of sins. p.2:38 or otherwise! WILHELM BOUSSET This German historian writes.51 - . “I imagine it was! OTTO HEICK Otto Heick's objective in his comprehensive work on Christian thought is this: "At first baptism was administered in the name of Jesus. D. p. vol.ed.000 believers were baptized on the day of Pentecost in the Name of Jesus Christ. I think the evidence is fairly convincing that at the beginning only the single name was used.. and there they are not repeated exactly but in a slightly extended form. Th. pages 395-396 under "Baptism" and referring to the Trinitarian formula says: "But it is curious that the words are not given in any description of Christian Baptism until the time of Justin Martyr. but I desire to retract the disagreement. 215)." (Ephesians p. or 'Lord Jesus' (Acts 8:16. A History of Christian Thought. vol. however. 1. ARMITAGE ROBINSON He writes: "In the earliest times. The Apostolic Age supplied the identification. in his masterful work on Christian history and doctrine entitled the "Reconstruction of Belief": "I have expressed disagreement with this in the past. "It is still essentially a baptism in the Name of Jesus" (Wilhelm Bousett. is required reading for any who would gain a true biblical What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. vol. and Holy Spirit" (Otto Heick. 295). Kurios Christos. 1. vol. baptism appears to have been administered 'in the name of Jesus Christ' (Acts 2:38. Thomas Aquinas. Indeed it would appear to have been the usual one. 'into Christ Jesus' or 'in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ' simply. ENCYCLOPEDIA BRITANNICA "We gather from Acts 19:4 that John had merely baptized in the Name of the Coming Messiah. The difficulty was considered by the Fathers. 2. there is no mention in the New Testament of any one being baptized into the name of the Trinity" (James Hastings.To this conclusion of Dr. 745-746).R. the trinitarian formula was only later inserted" (Bousett. 368.435. there is no evidence for the use of the triune Name" (Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics. The same formula was used at the Baptism of Cornelius and those that were with him. 6" (Gore. SCHAFF-HERZOG ENCYCLOPEDIA Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge: "The New Testament knows only baptism in the Name of Jesus. whom we previously cited. 1910 edition). 3. His book. He goes on to say. p. from Paul's question to the Corinthians: 'Were you baptized in the name of Paul?' No record of the Trinitarian formula can be discovered in the Acts of the Apostles. And on the use of the single baptismal formula St. vol. but gradually in the Name of the Triune God: Father. 1958 edition). Charles Gore. 1966 edition). without identifying him with Jesus of Nazareth. "The Testimony for the wide distribution of the simple baptismal formula (in Jesus name . 1:13 seems to be based. Son. see St. In every account of the performance of the rite in Apostolic times a much shorter formula is in use. Dictionary of the Bible. The 3. or 'of the Lord Jesus Christ' (Encyclopedia Britannica. p. Armitage is added the endorsement of Dr. 3A qu.. 1906 edition). Beasley-Murray. THE NEW INTERNATIONAL STANDARD BIBLE ENCYCLOPEDIA The New International Standard Bible Encyclopedia Vol 1. 241. BAPTIST SCHOLAR BEASLEY-MURRAY SPEAKS OUTG. 384. 19:5). and followed by a charismatic outpouring of the Holy Spirit. Baptism in the New Testament. 295)." ENCYCLOPEDIA OF RELIGION AND ETHICS The Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics edited by James Hastings states: "The formula used was 'in the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ' or some synonymous phrase. Sum. DEAN STANLEY He writes in Christian Institutions: the following: "Doubtless the more comprehensive form in which baptism is now everywhere administered in the three-fold name -. p.. 10:48). 28:19. 1. 234ff). and the normal use during it seems to have been. Paul's argument in 1 Cor. Down to the time of the Schoolmen this view prevailed.) down into the second century is so overwhelming that even in Matt. What does that sound like? And this was from a man who has no "axe to grind" -. 66 a. HASTINGS DICTIONARY OF THE BIBLE Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible adds: "Moreover. has produced what many consider the most comprehensive study on Water Baptism yet.. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .soon superseded the simpler form of that in the 'Name of the Lord Jesus Only'. DR. which still occurs in the second and third centuries" (Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. p. p.

Son and Holy Spirit..." in 1 Corinthians 6:11. 6:11 from the baptismal cleansing" (p. “After years of study and investigation in the subject of water baptism. and justifies him" (p. is a direct reference to the Jesus name baptismal formula: " 'In the name of the Lord Jesus Christ' reflects the use of the name in the baptismal formula" (p.He also feels it is "difficult to disassociate the 'washing' of 1 Cor. 163). He writes: "This is insufficient evidence for the existence in Paul's time of a baptism in the name of the Father. Beasley-Murray is one of the leading New Testament scholars in England. calling on his name. and is. 100)... 19:5) (p."As has been mentioned. in it the name of the Lord is called over the baptized."." (p. and it would be a tragedy if it were to become unobtainable.. a Baptist.. 6:11 might have been used after Paul's death as the basis for the newly evolving Trinitarian formula which eventually replaced the original apostolic Jesus' name formula. Trinitarian innovators might have seized that to justify their new "replacement" formula."Again and again we have had cause to remind ourselves that Christian Baptism is baptism in the Name of the Lord Jesus." (p.it is a work of first class scholarship. and the name is confessed and invoked by the baptized" (p. The reason for this suggestion is that 1 Cor. For baptism in the name of the Messiah Jesus related the believer to the Lord of the kingdom. Acts 22:16. declaring him to be the Lord's. 163). 10:48.understanding of this rite of Christian initiation. who had received the Spirit from the Father that he might pour him forth upon his people.. this aspect of its significance is immensely strengthened" (p. That the gift should be associated with baptism is to be expected. D. Beasley-Murray has determined that New Testament water baptism was performed exclusively with the single formula of "Jesus Name. but when baptism is administered in the name of the Lord who died and rose for the blotting out of sins (Acts 3:19). and by the Spirit of our God. the fruit of years of unbiased scrutinizing of scripture and history: "The Name of the Lord Jesus is called over the baptized. 102). The word of Peter in Acts 2:38 conveys a similar impression.He also is certain that Paul's reference to the "Spirit of our God" links water baptism in Jesus' Name with Spirit Baptism: "That the experience of the Spirit is linked with baptism in the name of the Lord Jesus needs no further demonstration after our discussion of the evidence on this matter in the Book of Acts" (p.. "The significance of 'in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ' is presumed as known without further explanation: the name of Jesus Christ is called on by the baptismal candidate in appeal for washing.F. 120)."That the Name was on the lips of the candidate baptized as well as uttered by the baptizer is harmonious with the dual nature of baptism as an act of man and an act of God" (p. 167).. 'Rise and be baptized. the exhortation to Paul.Dr. the Spirit. He therefore dedicates himself to the Lord and is appropriated for him. 6:11 mentions Jesus. consecrates. 102)." (p.we cannot doubt that this inward sealing of the Spirit is conceived as taking place in baptism in the name of Jesus.Dr."Cleansing is the primary meaning of baptism in all religious groups that have practiced it. baptism in Acts is always administered 'in the name of Jesus Christ' or in the name of the Lord Jesus'" (Acts 2:38. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. He writes: "The third and perhaps most impressive gift of God in baptism is the Spirit. but his research transcends denominational lines. consecration and righteousness... Beasley-Murray is also in agreement with Oneness Pentecostalism in linking a Charismatic Spirit Baptism with water baptism in Jesus' name. the possession of which was frequently accompanied in the earliest church by spectacular Charismatic gifts and signs. signifying that Jesus Christ. 100). and was further associated with Charismatic Spirit reception. and wash away your sins. (If one is "in a hurry" the same conclusion can be obtained by studying the Articles of Faith of the United Pentecostal Church International or the Manual of the Pentecostal Assemblies of the World!) Let us read what Dr. and the name of Jesus Christ is called over him by the baptizer. 8:16. Dr. This implies an effective action by which the Messiah enrolls the baptized as one of his subjects and accords to him a place in the Kingdom of God" (p. 163).."In the passage already cited.." was for the remission of sins. Beasley-Murray feels that 1 Cor. 103). but it provides a hint of the way in which the Trinitarian formula arose. and God in one paragraph. F. as we have mentioned.' implies that his sins will be washed away in his baptism accompanied by prayer. Bruce said concerning his book: ". Beasley-Murray feels that Paul's expression. 'but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus.. Beasley-Murray has to say on baptism.So do we! Interestingly enough. 104). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . cleanses.52 - . 166).

when the name was invoked and called over the baptized..." (p. 174)."thus the 'seal of the Spirit' is neither baptism in water, nor a baptism in the Spirit divorced from the rite of baptism; it is the 'Baptism of the Spirit' in association with the laying of the name of Jesus on a believer in the rite of baptism" (p. 174)."The seal of the Spirit however, is in inward possession which none but God can see, apart from its effects in character, behavior, and the Charismata" (p. 175).There is all the evidence one needs: over 400 pages of unbiased research conducted by a world-renowned scholar of the Baptist Faith. His conclusion? Baptism in Jesus' name for the remission of sins, accompanied by Spirit baptism with charismatic evidences! Why was none of this impressive array of evidence for the Jesus' name formula ever mentioned by Dr. Boyd? Why, in the face of his mountain of research, did Dr. Boyd fail to quote it even once? A scholar like Beasley-Murray is known in every theological seminary, his reputation spans two continents, he carries the highest endorsements, and his name occurs in many bibliographies. Yet he is never once called to the stand by Dr. Boyd respecting the Jesus name formula. Is this type of "exegesis" indicative of future trends in presenting "all the facts?" Forbid it, Almighty God! THE CATHOLIC CHURCH GOES TO "CONFESSION “Perhaps the most astonishing proof of the alteration of the baptismal formula from Jesus name to triune titles comes from the "alternators" themselves -- the Catholic Church! Some years ago, before I ever dreamed I would be writing this book, I was driving past a thrift store when the Lord impressed on me to stop and go in. I was not in the habit of doing this, but I obeyed. Once inside the Lord directed me to a cabinet of old used books. I began to search through them. There among the old books I found an official Catholic Catechism, with the Bishop's "imprimatur" and "nihil obstat." These are Latin terms which means the book is officially approved as containing "nothing objectionable" or contrary to Catholic teaching. Guided by the Lord I turned to the section dealing with water baptism. It was then I realized why the Lord had been so patiently directing my steps. I was astonished to read this official Catholic admission concerning the original baptismal formula: IN THIS ROMAN CATHOLIC CATECHISM, THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH CLEARLY RECOGNIZES THAT THE ORIGINAL BAPTISM WAS, "IN THE NAME OF JESUS" AND MUST HAVE BEEN CHANGED AFTER THE DISCIPLES' DEATH. "The earliest practice of the Church was probably to baptize converts 'in the name of Jesus' (Acts 10:48; 19:5) since in baptism it was his Lordship they confessed and into his body they were incorporated" (An American Catholic Catechism, p. 112).What more is needed? As Augustine said, "Rome has spoken; case closed!" If that is not enough, then surely this quote from an equally "official" Catholic Encyclopedia will provide the final "coup de grace" to this painfully recalcitrant stonewalling by Trinitarians. It reads as follows: "An explicit reference to the Trinitarian formula of Baptism cannot be found in the first century" (New Catholic Encyclopedia, New York, McGraw-Hill, 1967, p. 59)."Higher mathematics" can surely be employed here by our opponents to put "two and two together." For if the original formula was baptism in Jesus' name (An American Catholic Catechism), and the Trinitarian formula was unheard of for at least 100 years (New Catholic Encyclopedia), then what conclusion is possible other than one which maintains that the Triadic formula for baptism was an unapostolic invention, birthed late in time, and devoid of New Testament precedent or approbation. The Catholics admit it, the Baptists admit it, scholars admit it, historians admit it -- in fact, among most critical New Testament researchers it's not even considered a debatable point any longer! Why doesn't Dr. Boyd come in? It’s getting awfully cold out there. He once warmed himself by the fires of this great truth, till an "ill wind" blew him elsewhere. God grant that he return is my ascending prayer. WILLISTON WALKER Evidence continues to pour down upon u from every direction. Williston Walker, noted historian adds: "With the early disciples generally baptism was 'in the Name of Jesus Christ'" (Williston Walker, A History of the Christian Church, p. 87). ENCYCLOPEDIA BIBLICA And from the Encyclopedia Biblica: " 'In the Name of Jesus Christ' or 'of the Lord Jesus.’ The former expression is used in Acts 2:38 and 10:48, The latter is used in Acts 8:16 and 19:5. See also Acts 22:16... From these passages, and from Paul's words in 1 Corinthians 1:13
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('Was Paul crucified for you, or were ye baptized in the Name of Paul?') it is natural to conclude that baptism was administered in the earliest times 'in the Name of Jesus Christ' or in that 'of the Lord Jesus.' This view is confirmed by the fact that the earliest forms of Baptismal Confession appears to have been single -- not triple, as was the later creed." (Encyclopedia Biblica, vol. 1, p. 473, 1899 edition).Thus we have it from the word of scholarship and history. The verdict is in -- Baptism in Jesus Name. This is unbiased evidence. Not one of these men were personally baptized in Jesus Name. If they espoused any faith at all, it was Trinitarian. But concerning the Triune baptismal formula they are unanimous -- "not one example in the whole New Testament," "doubtless" of later origin, "no evidence" for its use, "no mention of it in the New testament," "not given in any description" in the New Testament, and "no record can be discovered in the Acts." This is all quite damaging to Dr. Boyd's "if the earliest disciples" theory. I wouldn't want to be in court with these witnesses taking stand against me. Their testimony for "Jesus Name" being the original formula is equally compelling. For they consider the evidence "overwhelming" and "convincing" being from "the earliest times," and "found in every account." they find that "at the beginning" it is only "the single name." the "New Testament knows only baptism in the Name of Jesus" for it was "administered from the earliest times" and "confirmed" by "baptismal confessions." What can Dr. Boyd and fellow Trinitarians say in the face of all this evidence? Do they also believe the earth is flat? NEW TESTAMENT ACCOUNTS These scholars all independently reached the same conclusion through an examination of the baptismal accounts in the Book of Acts and the witness of history. Let us turn our attention to the record of baptisms in the New Testament Church. JERUSALEM The Jews on the day of Pentecost, together with their Gentile proselytes were commanded to Repent and be baptized every one of you in the Name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins (Acts 2:38). SAMARIA Phillip the evangelist went there preaching the "Kingdom of God and the Name of Jesus Christ" (Acts 8:12). Where upon the Samaritans in a great citywide revival were "baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus" (Act 8:16). CAESAREA Cornelius, and those of his household, the first Gentile believers, listened carefully to Peter's sermon that through Jesus' Name "whosoever believeth in him shall receive remission of sins” During the sermon they were filled with the Holy Ghost and Peter therefore commanded that they should "be baptized in the Name of Jesus Christ" (Acts 10:48 R.V.). Being filled with the Holy Ghost did not excuse them from baptism in Jesus Name, but rather made it incumbent upon them! EPHESUS Paul met some converts who knew only the teaching of John the Baptist, having been baptized of him. Paul, in spite of this, ordered their rebaptism in Jesus' Name after they learned fully of Christ: And when they heard this they were baptized in the Name of the Lord Jesus (Acts 19:5).Anyone learning this truth needs to be "rebaptized" from whatever other form they had. ETHIOPIA Phillip joined himself to the chariot of the Ethiopian Eunuch, who was traveling to his homeland, and preached Jesus unto him. When the Ethiopian believed on Jesus Christ, "They went down both into the water, both Phillip and the Eunuch; and he baptized him" (Acts 8:38). What was Phillip's formula for baptism? Acts 8:16 informs us that it was "in the name of the Lord Jesus." he certainly wouldn't change his formula in one day. DAMASCUS Paul, blinded by his experience with Christ on the Damascus Road, makes his way to that city to await healing and further instruction. This is quick to arrive as Annanias enters the house and informs him: "And now why tarriest thou? Arise and be baptized, and wash away thy sins, calling on the Name of the Lord." (Acts 22:16). Paul was baptized with the "invocation of the Name of the Lord Jesus." This required having the Name called "upon" him. Acts 15:17. CORINTH Paul, writing to this church, which was torn by splits, puts these questions to them: Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul? (1 Cor. 1:13).The obvious answers are: Paul was not crucified for them, Christ was; they were not baptized in the Name of
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Paul, but in the Name of Christ. Unless they were baptized in the name of the undivided Christ, his argument would not make sense. Corinth was baptized in the Name of Jesus Christ. ROME The Church at Rome was "baptized into Jesus Christ": Know ye not, that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ, were baptized into his death? (Rom 6:3). Gladiate Galatians likewise were baptized into the Name of Jesus Christ: For as man of you as have been baptized into Christ, have put on Christ (Gal. 3:27). Closeted Colossians were also "buried with Christ in baptism" (Col. 2:12), and this is defined in Rom. 6:3 as a baptism "into Jesus Christ". Hence the Colossians received the one Apostolic baptism -- in the name of Jesus Christ! All of the above mentioned churches were founded by either Peter or Paul or Phillip. We know Peter's formula was "in the name of Jesus Christ" (Acts 2:38, 10:48), Phillip's was in the Name of the Lord Jesus (8:16). And the one Paul used was the same (Acts 19:5).. In the mouth of two or three witnesses, let every thing be established. THE FIRST CHURCH COUNCIL AND BAPTISM IN JESUS' NAME In fact, the first Church Council, unlike subsequent Catholic Councils, ruled that the Name of the Lord Jesus was to be called upon all Gentile Converts. We read this in Acts 15:14-17 where it is stated that "God at the first did visit the Gentiles to take out of them a people for his name." And how is this done? We are not left in the dark: "That the residue of men might seek after the Lord, and all the Gentiles, upon whom my name is called, saith the Lord, who doeth all these things." Now I ask, in what rite or ordinance does a believer have the Name of the Lord Jesus Christ called "upon him" if it is not baptism in that Name? Of all the Church Councils and their decrees that Trinitarians love to quote, why do they always pass this one by? Not much is said about this baptismal creed, is there? WHAT ABOUT MATTHEW 28:19?The only thing that remains now is to reconcile these references with our Lord's command in Matthew 28:19 in which the Apostles are commanded to "teach all nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost." And this task is easy to do. And it is precisely in linking this command with the references in Acts that produces automatically the reconciliation and perfect agreement of all texts concerning water baptism. REVELATION AND RECONCILIATION To reconcile the command by Christ in Matthew 28:19 to "baptize in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit" wit the passages in Acts, in which all converts were baptized "in the name of Jesus Christ" or "in the name of the Lord Jesus" is the task now before us. Ingersoll, the famous atheist orator, frequently used this apparent contradiction to show that the Bible contained discrepancies. But it is neither a discrepancy nor a contradiction. If men would cease looking to church councils for their "enlightenment,” and return to the "fountain of living waters,” they would begin to see "all things clearly." Boyd is sure that "when Jesus commands us to baptize 'in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit' he is not cryptically making some esoteric self-reference that must be decoded for believers to be baptized correctly and therefore saved" (Boyd, p. 143).But in so stating, he contradicts the Lord, for Jesus told His disciples that he was indeed speaking of the Father "cryptically" as Dr. Boyd phrases it. These things have I spoken unto you in proverbs (parables -- margin): but the time cometh when I shall no more speak unto you in proverbs (parables), but I will show plainly of the Father (John 16:25).A parable must be "decoded" for it is "cryptic". His references to the Father were in just such a category; not "plain" but "parabolic". But Christ promised a time when the Spirit would arrive (John 14:16-19), then they would get the promised revelation concerning the Father: at that day ye shall know that I am in my Father, and ye in me, and I in you. (John 14:20).And that day, of course, would be Pentecost. It was on that day the Apostles would receive the promised Revelation mentioned in Luke 10:22: ...and no man knoweth who the Son is but the Father; and who the Father is but the Son, and he to whom the Son will reveal him. By Christ's own definition, the baptismal reference in Matt. 28:19 to the Name of the Father and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit" was one of His parabolic statements, that would not be made plain until the day, namely -

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Pentecost, when they would receive the promised Revelation and have the father shown plainly to them! And this occurred and right on time. REVELATION AT PENTECOST Carl Brumback in his book, God in Three Persons, disputes the Apostles received any Godhead revelation on Pentecost and demands we show where it was received. "It is necessary for the Oneness to assume that Peter at Pentecost received a 'revelation' that Jesus is the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit, for it is not written!..." (Brumback, p. 77).But it is written and "plain to him that understandeth and right to them that find knowledge" (Proverbs 8:9)! At the climax of his sermon, Peter declares by divine revelation: Therefore let all the House of Israel know assuredly that God hath made that same Jesus, whom ye crucified, both Lord and Christ (Acts 2:36).It is obvious that something startling and apparently paradoxical is being presented by the qualifying terms "same" and "both." That one and the selfsame person could be both Lord and Christ, is something that only God could have made happen! It s a miracle! The word "Lord" here is "Kyrios," which is the Greek term used in the New Testament for Jehovah. Wherever Jehovah appears in the Old Testament, it is translated in the New by Kyrios. Thus the Old Testament phrase in Joel that "whosoever shall call upon the name of Jehovah shall be saved," is rendered in the New Testament by "whosoever shall call upon the name of the Lord (Kyrios) shall be saved." So Peter, in revealing Jesus as Lord and Christ, is actually announcing that Jesus is both Jehovah and Messiah -- the same person is both! Calling him Jehovah is the equivalent of calling him God or Father, for the Jews believed in no other God than God the Father who had revealed Himself under the Name Jehovah (Mal. 2:10, Is. 63:16; 64:8 and John 8:41). This same Jesus is also the Christ, the Anointed Man, the Son of God who was born to save "his people from their sins." Acts 4:26 makes it quote clear that Lord and Christ is simply another way of saying Father and Son; and Jesus is both! It is now very "plain,” no longer a "parable," but truly "revealed." This same Jesus is both Father and Son, Jehovah and Christ, divine and human, God and Son of God, in the one selfsame person of our Lord Jesus Christ! And God has made this to happen, by raising Christ from the dead and simultaneously taking up "residence" in His immortal glorified temple. So it could be truly said that in Christ "dwells all the fullness of the Godhead bodily." The Father is dwelling in the Son (John 14:10). Jehovah is embodied in the flesh of His Messiah, the Christ. That is why when the Jews cried out asking what to do, Peter commanded them to be baptized in Jesus' Name -- for it is the Name of the Father, and of the Son; for this same Jesus is both! Peter's command in Acts 2:38 is the divinely sanctioned interpretation of what it means to be baptized in the Name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Hoy Spirit. And that's the only Biblical explanation ever given! MATTHEW 28:19 EXPLAINED Let us now revisit Matthew 28:19 in the light of this revelation: The first thing we notice is that Jesus refers to the One Name and One Name Only. For "Name" is in the singular. He is not speaking about "names," plural, but one name, singular. And this One Name is -- the Name of the father, and also of the Son, and even more, it is also the Name of the Holy Spirit. And it is in this One Name of the Godhead we are to baptize. THEOLOGICALLY SIGNIFICANT Dr. Boyd tries to downplay the significance of the singular name in Matt 28:19 as of no great consequence: "The bottom line is that there need be nothing theologically significant about the singularity of ‘the Name’ in Matt. 28:19" (Boyd, p. 143). But my library is filled with book sin, which Trinitarians have pondered and tried to explain this singularity, and come up with all sorts of revelations of their own! Many come close to the truth, but because like all Trinitarians, they are "reasoning in chains", they never arrive. For they are not allowed to stray too far from their man devised creeds, which bind them fast to their "distinct person theory." Take for example this quote from Robert L. Reymond, Presbyterian: "Jesus does not say 'into the names (plural) of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit' ...What he does say is this, 'into the name (singular) of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit'; first asserting the unity of the three by combining them all within the bounds of single name, and then throwing into emphasis the distinction of each..." (Robert L. Reymond, Jesus Divine Messiah, p. 84).This "singular name" comment was so theologically appealing
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How could it be otherwise for the Comforter is Jesus?! I will not leave you comfortless." MEANING OF THE NAME OF JESUS And why should there be any doubt that Jesus is also the name of the Father? The Name Jesus is the Greek form of the Hebrew "Jahoshea" (or Joshua) which means "Jehovah the Saviour. he shall teach you all things. The name Jesus is also the Father's name! The original Greek of John 17:11. NAME OF THE HOLY GHOST The final piece of this Name revelation falls into place beautifully. you are actually saying in contracted form "Jehovah the Saviour. a fulfillment of Christ's prophecy that he "will declare it. The only name he ever manifested was "Jesus" for "his name was spread abroad" (Mark 6:14).” God’s revealed name in the Old Testament. and of the Holy Ghost is Jesus. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . For the Son's Name is Jesus. the name the angel brought down from heaven? THE NAME OF THE FATHER Jesus does not leave us in doubt as to whose name it was he bore. which thou has given me and I kept them in Thy Name. The Names of God. on. p. their entire "Trinity. and of the Holy Spirit'" (Andrew Jukes." The "Je" is from "Jehovah. so the name of the Holy Ghost moves by divine utterance into the completed trilogy. Christ in His Spirit nature come to dwell in us. keep them in thy Name. 174-175). which is the Holy Ghost.So we are not the only ones who notice something "theologically significant" about the singular name! But the significance of it is not in uniting "three persons" but in revealing One! FINDING THE ONE NAME Seeing Jesus declared there is but one name common to the Father.12 brings this out clearly. and thou shalt call his name Jesus: for he shall save his people from their sins" Matt 1:21. and manifesting it. Aren't the mighty signs and wonders being done in Jesus' Name. But the Comforter." especially seeing that all three play an indispensable part in the plan of Salvation? We have thus seen the name of the Father and of the Son is included in the Name of Jesus." Then why would not the name Jesus (Jehovah-Saviour) be equally applicable to all "three persons." but had been His Father's name before Him! He came bearing the Name of the Father. the Holy Spirit. him ye will receive. 1:4). "Christ in you" (Col." When you say the Name Jesus. p. Is it unusual for a Father and Son to have the same name? Doesn't every legitimate Son bear his father's name? Jesus said "I have declared unto them thy Name. I am quoting from the Revised Version: Holy Father. No wonder Christ could say "I have manifested thy name!" (John 17:6). 'Baptizing them into the names' but 'into the name. THE NAME OF THE SON We shall start to solve this equation by considering the middle factor first. "And she shall bring forth a Son. bearing Jesus' name. and Holy Spirit. NAME OF THE FATHER. for "he hat by inheritance. From whom did he therefore inherit this name. which Thou has given me. and the Baptisms being performed in Jesus' Name.The Name Thou hast given me to bear. D. SON. and of the Son. in which each stone was first quarried and polished. (John 14:26).For this same reason he is called the Spirit of Christ. whom the Father will send in My Name. All that remains is to determine the Name of the Holy Ghost..57 - . and of the Son.that Ron Rhodes has reproduced it in his book. Weymouth’s Translation reads: I have kept them in thy Name -. who What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and Christ (Romans 8:9-10). comes to earth in Jesus' Name. and of the Son.The Comforter. The Name of the Son is Jesus. not three or many. Even Trinitarians admit the name Jehovah is applied to the Father. Son. This name was not "his own name. What is the Name of the Son? This is easy and all Christendom is in agreement.-. AND HOLY GHOST IS JESUS Thus we have seen demonstrated clearly and simply from the lips of Christ Himself that the Name of the Father. or in other words. and Holy Spirit. I will come to you. and He bore the Father's Name. Andrew Jukes found it intriguing and also "theologically significant" for he writes: "First then 'the name of the Father. 28. In John 5:43 he declares: I am come in my Father's name. 1:27). Like the Temple of Solomon. Son. and of the Holy Ghost' is one name. Christ Before the Manger. obtained a more excellent name" (Heb. and ye receive me not: if another shall come in his own name. But the writer of Hebrews tells us that Jesus "inherited" his name. let us find that name scripturally.. and then brought to Jerusalem and silently fitted into place. (John 14:18). Our Lord did not say. and will declare it" (John 17:26). of the Father.

trinitarian and Oneness. "Upon the confession of your faith I now Baptize you into the neatness of Christianity and the coolness of Christ. and reduce Christian baptism to a wordless initiation! His desperation to rid the church of the New testament Formula of Jesus' Name seems to know no bounds. like really cool. man! MINISTER: And what think ye of the Christ? CANDIDATE: He was cool. Compromises would be made to the point of lunacy. Tertullian. therefore by comparison it is quickly seen that they recognized the name of Jesus as the one Name referred to in Matt 28:19. you follow? MINISTER: Yes. And it is through this name. And such were some of you: but ye are washed. Boyd on the other hand has decided to use this incorrect interpretation (as I will prove) to eliminate both formulas! Of course to do this he flies in the face of two thousand years of Church practice. Amen! “Don’t think I am exaggerating or being ludicrous for the sake of argument. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .58 - . no one does!) Ministers would begin tailor fitting their own baptismal formulas to meet the occasion. Boyd unveils to our astonished eyes one of the most bizarre theories ever advanced against the truth. "Because the Semitic phrase 'in the name of ' could have such a wide variety of meanings. renegade theory would unleash in the Church World if it were taken seriously (which. 19:5. He is even willing to sacrifice the cherished Trinitarian formula as the price to pay. He decided to take the "bull by the horns" and throw out all baptismal formulas." We read. Aquinas. but ye are sanctified. D. For they were commanded to baptize in the one name of the Father. if thou canst tell? Prov 30:4Thanks to Oneness light -. and what [is] his son's name. there is no more reason to take the Acts phrase 'in the Name of Jesus' as an audible liturgical formula than there is to think that the Matthean formula was to be taken like this" (p. but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus. and rob baptism of any fixed scriptural significance. 22:16). then the same interpretation must be applied to "in the name of the Father.sent the Spirit with the same Name! In Proverbs we are asked: Who hath ascended up into heaven. untie the Gordian Knot by cutting it in two! Nettled by the truth of the New Testament. the Cappodocians and every other "great saint" of the church he so admires would curse him for it (and some like the "great reformer" John Calvin. Dr. and no other. We have often pointed out to Trinitarians in the past that if the phrase "in the name of Jesus" is interpreted to only mean "by the authority of" and thereby eliminated as a spoken formula. Thank God. than "Jesus' Name" is his motto. would burn him for it!) THE EFFECT OF THE "NO-NAME" DOCTRINE One can only imagine the effect such a "prochoice". He has. so to speak. and abandoned that interpretation rather than part wit their formula. Son and Holy Ghost" and that too would be eliminated as a formula.Better no formula. relativistic church. and by the Spirit of our God. Augustine.we can tell! It is Jesus! THE APOSTLES AGREE That our conclusion is correct concerning the "Name of the Father. or descended? who hath gathered the wind in his fists? who hath bound the waters in a garment? who hath established all the ends of the earth? what [is] his name. 10:48. 1Cor 6:11 THE "NAMELESS" BAPTISM Panicking in the face of this tidal wave of scriptural evidence for Baptism in Jesus' Name. he opts to throw out not only "the baby with the bathwater" but the bathtub also! Hear him as he boldly goes "where angels fear to tread. Boyd would open such a Pandora's Box. Most Trinitarians have seen it that way once it was pointed out. Today's' ever adapting. just to fulfill some strange obsession against Oneness and anything What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and proposes something even the Arian heretics dared not try. I can almost hear some modern day "love is all that matters" preacher standing on the shore line in California (why is it always California?) with his new convert: MINISTER: And what say ye of the "Faith once delivered to the saints?" CANDIDATE: I think it's neat. needs little encouragement to fly off into such "meaningful" excursions into "restructuring. Son and Holy Ghost. yes. All their baptisms were performed in the Name of Jesus. and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost" is proven by the witness of the Apostles. 111)." The "wild blue yonder" is always beckoning them! OPENING PANDORA'S BOX Dr. Dr. that the door to cleanness and justification is open to us through water baptism. 8:16. and cornered by Church History. (See Acts 2:38. The point we were trying to make was that the whole interpretation was wrong in the first place. I follow.

until the lame man understood the "significance and beauty" of it all? The Apostles felt differently. Arndt and F. and if praying "in Jesus Name" was verbal. and that signs and wonders may be done by the name of thy holy child Jesus Acts 4:30and. No big deal. Boyd sweeps away an Oscar for Best Performance.when they had prayed. for he went into the temple "walking. to his "Semitic theories.This same verb "called" is used in James 2:7 which says: Do not they blaspheme that worthy name by the which ye are called? James 2:7The Amplified Bible's Commentary states that this is "the Name of Christ invoked at baptism" (The Amplified Bible. It is a rather saccharine-like atmosphere or state of mind: "When it is said that certain believers were baptized 'in the Name of the lord Jesus. Wilbur Gingrich. you see.And all this without saying His Name. just say what you want. but we have the record. 234). 640). Dr. When they prayed "in Jesus' Name" they said it. Boyd insist baptism "in Jesus' Name" was not? I prefer the scriptural examples." And it was a verbally uttered formula that did it. The apostolic prayer in Acts 4 concludes By stretching forth thine hand to heal. p.. p. Armitage Robinson says: "It is plain that the phrase 'in the name of' indicates some solemn utterance by the accompaniment of which the washing of water is made to be no ordinary bath. Gore writes in his thoroughly researched history of early church practice: "And the shelter of that name belongs to those only who have had it invoked upon them in baptism and have received the Spirit of Jesus within them. But I am afraid that in this category. And he came out the same hour." (v. His "latest thing down the tubes" theory is as unacceptable as it is bizarre -." (p. Arndt and Gingrich point out that the phrase "in the name of" (in to onomati) used with God or Jesus means in most cases "with mention of the name. and smiled. 8). A Greek Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. Does Dr.59 - . How did they use the name? Verbally! Then Peter said. and leaping. . Reconstruction. 144). 360). But Paul.related to it. p. Acts 16:18It must have been a "big deal" for the demon.. they uttered the Name! Another case comes to mind. turned and said to the spirit. and if expelling demons "in Jesus Name" was verbal. the place was shaken where they were assembled together Acts 4:31. while naming or calling on the name" (William F. but the sacrament of baptism" (Robinson. and praising God.He What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.He goes on: "It merely means that baptism 'for the forgiveness of sins' derives its significance and beauty from the person of Jesus Christ to whom it centrally points" (p. don't talk! In fact he says there was no evidence before the fourth century "that the words spoken over a candidate at baptism were any big deal. I command thee in the name of Jesus Christ to come out of her." (Gore. you just point. let’s get it over with! Thank God we are not left to his interpretation. Dr. 145). p.' this need mean nothing more than what is meant by giving a cup of cold water to someone 'in the name of a disciple' " (Boyd. D. p. Acts 3:6It was quite a "big deal" for that poor lame man. IS THE FORMULA VERBAL? What he is saying through his "Semitic phrase" arguments is simply that when the phrase "in the name of Jesus Christ" occurs in Acts it does not represent something verbal or actually uttered. Silver and gold have I none..and totally unnecessary. Ephesians. Boyd suppose it would have been just as effective if Peter and John had just pointed up to Heaven. This one involving the demon possession of a certain damsel. for "he came out the same hour." SCHOLARS TESTIFY TO VERBAL FORMULA Now for the testimony of Greek Scholarship. but it certainly was powerful! If healing "in Jesus Name" was verbal. 572). silently. 572). The same authorities also mention that the verb "called" (epikoleo) in Acts 15:17 ("all the gentiles upon whom my name is called") means: "someone's name is called over someone to designate the latter as property of the former's" (p.. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .Whether this was "significant and beautiful " I cannot tell. but such as I have give I thee: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth rise up and walk. why does Dr. for again "it is written!" PROOF OF VERBAL FORMULA Does "in the name of Jesus" mean to verbally pronounce it? It certainly does! Here is the proof: The disciples were commanded to heal the sick and cast out devils in "Jesus' Name" (Mark 16:17-18).Dr. 144). being grieved. I had once heard of a Pastor in the Midwest who pronounced the baptismal formula in "unknown tongues" so as to avoid any confrontation over which formula was correct! And I though that would never be topped in my lifetime.

1:13 -. or none of them! Just so you don't verbally utter the name of Jesus. or two of them. From the website: http://www. If one "doesn't get you out of it" the next one will. Saul's goal was to destroy "them that call on His Name" (Acts 9:21). Then he refers to third century references to "the Trinitarian Formula or mode for baptism 'along side’ the supposed 'Jesus Only formula' " (p. any of them. Dr. They must have been wielding that Name verbally.answers.ed. He must have heard something! When the Jewish rulers demanded of Peter and John "by what power or by what name have ye done this?" (Acts 4:7). p. whereby we must be saved. PICK A PHRASE. something was said. Acts 4:12 PHANTOM FORMULAS Thus in an attempt to eliminate any formula for baptism. "in the name of the Father. But this will not do for Dr.) is the solemn mention of the Lord Jesus Christ in connection with the rite of baptism whether as the confession made by the candidate." or "a principal of behavior. and to profess faith in the terms in which we have been baptized. Trinitarian or Oneness! (p. and then we must learn they weren't there at all! Under what lack of evidence must a writer labour who resorts to such argument? Phantom formulas that appear and disappear like apparitions in the night! 26. They certainly were doing more than just "pointing" or "thinking". “It could even mean "With a view towards" "in the light of" or "in appreciation of. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . Boyd. [they are] prophets of the deceit of their own heart. D." "with respect to its intentions.com/topic/trinity Please take special note of the section in BOLD and UNDERLINED part below. They were commanded to "speak henceforth to no man in this name" (Acts 4:17) and that they "should not teach in this name" (Acts 5:28). Plenty of grass for this mill! It seems strange indeed that any Christian would expend so much energy trying to prevent the Name of Jesus from being spoken." the First Council of Constantinople declared (382). These formulas are very ethereal -. whom God raised from the dead. Peter answered for all Oneness believers when he verbally said.first they exist "side by side. APOSTOLIC APPLICATION How long shall [this] be in the heart of the prophets that prophesy lies? yea." And we'll see how wide! It could mean: "in relation to. Reason) -. all of them. On pages 142 to 143 he serves up no less than eight different interpretations of what "in the name of" could mean. Linguistics. Next he finds the Trinitarian formula becomes "the dominant formula for baptism" from the beginning of the Second Century on." then one is "dominant" over the other. and of the Holy Spirit" (Matthew 28:19).something had to have been said. what he calls a "wide variety of applications. “Take one of them.further states: "It is probable then that the 'name' here referred to (in 1 Cor. -. "By the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth. You have quite a selection so don't be hasty. and Basil the Great (330–379) declared: "We are bound to be baptized in the terms we have received.10) Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men. Ephesians. and of the Son. Which think to cause my people to forget my name by their dreams which they tell every man to his neighbor. 142). (p. "that - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.(Bible Scholarship." "with an obligation towards. Results for trinity Under section name: Trinitarian Theology Baptism as the beginning lesson Baptism itself is generally conferred with the Trinitarian formula. and that something was the Name of Jesus. Jeremiah 23:26-27The Apostles certainly didn't have this attitude." "in the authority of. And finally ending on the high note that there really was no formula at all.60 - ." "This is the Faith of our baptism. 143). or as the formula employed by the ministrant" (Robinson. ANY PHRASE! Everything draws to the same conclusion. 141). 234)." (v. Boyd has gotten his feet all tangled up in flight. He first maintained that there was a "small amount of evidence in favour of the Jesus' Name formula" (p. whom ye crucified. 141).

6:4) and Noah’s ark (I Pt. Clement. he was advised by his soon to be successor Callistus on how to keep both sides satisfied. Barnabas 13 Sources: Hoole. and Being of the Father. which thy fathers have set. of the Son. nor references to baptism in the name of (the Lord) Jesus (Christ) outside the Acts of the Apostles." Matthew 28:19 may be taken to indicate that baptism was associated with this Trinitarian formula from the earliest decades of the Church's existence. St. 3. come into the kingdom of God?” (Hoole 57).’ Prov. which are non-canonical. Acts 19:5).[34] Though the formula has early attestation. 22. Translations of the Writings of the Fathers Down to A. 325. Alexander Rev. and James Donaldson.com/fdocc3/quotations. Clement identifies Christian baptism as the moment of cleansing. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Zephyrinus was the head Bishop at the time and was attracted to Modalistic view.[32] Cyprian.[29] Ignatius.htm and related pages also found at: http.” In fact. According to this Faith there is one Godhead.com/2008/06/05/%e2%80%9cfor-the-remission-of-sins %e2%80%9d-ancient-writings-on-the-efficacy-of-baptism/ The Old Landmark: Celebrating Apostolic Heritage ‘Remove not the ancient landmark. Clearly. trans..[28] The formula is found in the Didache. Clement. Power.teaches us to believe in the Name of the Father. S. Zephyrinus and Callistus. Adolf von Harnack in his book ‘The History of Dogma’ actually states. 10:48) and "in the name of the Lord Jesus" (Acts 8:16.//www.D. Roberts.D. Barnabas. trans.” 28. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . After Zephyrinus died in 217 A. Callistus kept his policy and Modalism became the official theory in Rome for almost a generation. S. of the Son and of the Holy Spirit.28 “For the Remission of Sins”: Ancient Writings on the Efficacy of Baptism13 “Water baptism is the most ancient rite in Christianity. neither biblical exegesis nor history divides baptism from salvation. if we keep not our baptism pure and undefiled.org/Oneness20. and the New Testament is replete with examples of baptism by immersion from John’s baptism of repentance in the River Jordan to the proselytes of the Apostles to the epistolary metaphors of baptism as burial with Christ (Rom. post-Apostolic epistles and apologetics.61 - . provide ample evidence that early Christians universally accepted water baptism as the sole mode for remitting sins. The Apostolic Fathers. There are no Biblical references to baptism in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit outside of Matthew 28:19.20-21). .wordpress. asks in a letter to the Corinthians: ” . purportedly the same Clement named by Paul in Philippians.[31] Hippolytus.htm Come Let Us Reason Together Ministries Topic: TBN (Trinity Broadcasting Network) Unites Oneness Pentecostals with Trinitarians This is an excerpt from TBN 3/8/99 with a Trinitarian Bishop Clarence McClendon and Oneness Pentecostal Bishop Noel Jones ‘Oneness Pentecostalism – This teaching found support with two early Bishops of Rome. Caught between two major factions trying to keep the peace. 1898. Polycarp together with the Martyrdom of S. Ignatius and S. shall we.[30] Tertullian. the Acts of the Apostles only mentions believers being baptized "in the name of Jesus Christ" (Acts 2:38. Charles H.. The Apostolic Fathers. Patristical writings. trans.” “St.[35] 27. decrying the doctrine of remission of sins in baptism as “salvation by works” rather than “salvation by grace.letusreason.[33] and Gregory Thaumaturgus. While most Christian denominations observe some ordinance of baptism. 1867. and of the Holy Spirit. “Modalism… was for almost a generation the official theory in Rome. From the website: http://oldlandmark. From the website: http://geocities. London: Irvingtons. . the majority of Protestants reduce the act to a mere public profession of faith. Lightfoot. London: Macmillan and Co. Edinburgh: L & T Clark. Joseph Barber. Polycarp. 1872. D. the Epistles of S. Ignatius. S.

All power is given unto me in heaven and in earth.” “The Shepherd of Hermas.examines foreshadowing of baptism and the cross in the Old Testament: “Concerning the water. Eusebius Pamphilus quoted Matthew 28:19 in his writings without any trinitarian formula (to see other studies done by renown scholars).). . Baptism is an indisputable element of the New Birth. 28:19: Go ye. The Roman Creed. the most primitive apostolic baptismal formula. and having hoped upon the name of the Lord. a 2nd century apocalyptic work.). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . Further.340 A. it is written with respect to Israel. and by faith in the redemptive work of the blood of Jesus Christ. the nascent Catholic communion retained the biblical connection between baptism and the remission of sins.D. regenerative. D.” 29.” Chapter XVI.htm: "Go ye. which dates from the 3rd century. refers to invocation of the Name of Jesus in the rite: “‘For before a man. the scriptural view espoused by modern Oneness Pentecostals is greatly supported both by the primary text of God’s Word and the most ancient bishops and apologists for the Christian faith. in his Theophania. he is dead. Hermas. in Hermas. and of the Holy Spirit”. how that they will not receive the baptism that bringeth remission of sins.) [Quotation found in his “Oration in praise of the Emperor Constantine. we have become new. the Father and Lord of the universe. Book III. and the 4th century Nicene Creed says: “I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins. etc.” “While the New Testament doctrine of water baptism by immersion solely in the Name of Christ degenerated with the increasing schisms and encroaching apostasy of the early Church. Chapter V (324 A. . includes a generic belief in the “remission of sins”. From the website: http://www. and make disciples of all nations in my name'' Matthew 28:19 as Quoted by Eusebius Pamphili (~260 .D. From earlier manuscripts. Mt.” And not as we have it altered now in all the latter Bible versions: - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 28:19 as follows (see the original consistency in the use of the first person as underlined): “Mt. (contexts in Appendix 1). he writes: “Learn ye: having received the remission of our sins.62 - .). Genuine ancient manuscripts did read in Mt.D. like Barnabas. he layeth aside his deadness.com/fdocc3/in-my-name. supports both the notion of baptism by immersion and for spiritual cleansing: ” . (335 A. ‘has borne the name of [the Son of] God. Baptism in the Name of Jesus is. because they who learn these things are illuminated in their understandings” (Roberts and Donaldson 60). These passages explicitly connect the erasure of sins with water baptism. but will establish one for themselves” (Hoole 86). and they come up alive” (Lightfoot 472). And this washing is called illumination. and make disciples of all nations in my name: Mt. The seal then is the water: so they go down into the water dead.D. and resumeth life. having been again created entirely” (Hoole 97). we went down into the water and obtained remission of our former sins” (Lightfoot 425). lo. saying. our sins are truly washed away in the fountain of His forgiveness. but when he has received the seal. Amen. 28:20: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and. and of our Saviour Jesus Christ. I am with you always. 28:18: And Jesus came and spake unto them.” Though most Protestants eschew the idea of spiritual regeneration in the baptismal ceremony.’ saith he.” “Justin Martyr expanded the biblical baptismal formula to “in the name of God. and Barnabas explains that this accompanies hoping on the Name of the Lord. but he retained the Apostolic teaching of baptism for the remission of sins: “[We] may obtain in the water the remission of sins formerly committed. in “The Church History of Eusebius”.geocities. even unto the end of the world. Chapter 6 (318 A. in his Demonstratio Evangelica Book III.

his Theophany. And: "Go and teach them to carry out all the things which I have commanded you forever. 58 ff. there are none beyond the fourth Century [Note: And of the fourth century. As to the Greek MSS. 1901. d. there are two: the Vaticanus and the Sinaiticus---BOTH CORRUPT. if it had ever been given. except one.. and teach all nations. 28:19: "Go forth into all the world and teach all the nations in my name in every place. and of the Holy Ghost. It looks… as though the words got into the text (perhaps from the margin) in the Church of North Africa [possibly Alexandria. Alexander’s and Athanasius’ headquarters. Wiss.63 - . as we have them in our versions now]: …that. Ethelbert W. II. translated by George Howard from Shem Tob's. and then we can decide if we are going to believe in God’s Word or in men’s opinions (history in Appendix 2. not doctrines or dogmas made by men. 1915. but he more than once comments on it in such a way as to show how much he set store by the words “in my name”. quotations in Appendix 3). see Appendix 3]. neither men’s religions or writings. 28:19 Go ye therefore. he had never heard and knew nothing until he had visited Constantinople and What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. because it was not the original order given to them by Jesus Christ. Erwin Preuschen in Darmstaft in 1901. This truth can only be seen by those who have “eyes to see and ears to ear”. the Apostles themselves never obeyed this command.. Budge. That altered commandment. his Demonstratio Evangelica. namely in his long Commentaries on the Psalms. . It is evident that this ["in My name"] was the text found by Eusebius in the very ancient codices collected fifty to a hundred and fifty years before his birth by his great predecessors. We can easily see it. Baptism * was always in the name of the one person of the Lord Jesus.Mt. p. and it seems clear that the Syrian part of the Church knew nothing of these words. 28:19. Bullinger states: "…there is one great difficulty with regard to the [trinitarian] words [in Mt. Conybeare continues: “Eusebius is not content merely to cite the verse in this form. If we compare the original and trustworthy Scriptures of the Bible as originally revealed by God. we can see the abyss of difference. D.in his famous History of the Church. as we have it printed now. 275). baptizing them * in the name of the Father. and of the Son. 47-49). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . or [if] it ever really formed part of the primitive text. pp. “it may be remarked that in the oldest Syriac MS the folio which contained the end of Matthew has disappeared” (Zeitschrift f. at least two New Testament ancient texts have been found that make no mention of any trinitarian formula in Mt. Commentaries on Isaiah. Evan Bohan). pp. after a moderate search in these works of Eusebius.. Jahrg. Notoriously. not by those which have been already blinded (cauterized) by the traditions of men." (Matthew 28:19 as cited in: E. All other known Greek MSS are from 5th Century and upward]. found eighteen citations of Matthew 28:19. and that the Syrian Churches did not have them in the MSS at their disposal" (Word Studies on the HOLY SPIRIT. namely the Sinaitic Syriac and the oldest Latin Manuscript. and in the rest of the New Testament there is no hint as to it ever having been obeyed by anyone. and in his Panegyric of the Emperor Constantine. which is in a catena published by Mai in a German magazine”. whatsoever I commanded you”… I have collected all these passages in the Zeitschrift fur die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft. was never fulfilled by any of the Apostles." (Matthew 28:19. with church history and writings of men. 628 and 636). Hebrew Gospel of Matthew. Of any other form of text [than the "in My name" reading]. if we read by ourselves the book of Acts (and/or all books of the New Testament). Conybeare notes that. The Word of God needs to be our own and our only norm of belief and practice. and that “in the only codices which would be even likely to preserve an older reading [a non-triune reading of Matt 28:19]. Miscellaneous Coptic Texts. Brian Hoeck reports that more recently. teaching them to observe all things. "It is difficult to suppose that there would have been this universal disregard of so clear a command. and always in the following form: “Go ye and make disciples of all nations in my name. Neutest. I have. Fredrick C. the pages are gone which contained the end of Matthew”… “Eusebius cites this text of Matthew 28:19 again and again in works written between 300-336 AD. edited by Dr.

citations of Clement in a volume of the Cambridge Texts and Studies suggests. The word trinity or its formula was not present in the original manuscripts of the Bible. therefore. in summary. M. T. irrespective of its textual affinities. Barnard. If it were undisputed.' and the other 'About The Theology Of The Church. D. It is clear. Pamphilus. much less the founder himself. a cross validation even of the words of Jesus Christ at that very moment. some at least preserved the original writing. of course.attended the Council of Nice. ed Sylb. this would. if we want to. IV. but never any trinitarian formula.' or in the form 'make disciples of all nations in my name. Then prayed they him to tarry certain days” (Acts 10:48). Son. betrayed itself by speaking in the trinitarian language of the next century. named Theodotus.287).64 - . and compels us to see in it the ecclesiastical editor. be decisive. that Eusebius quotes Matthew 28:19 twenty one times. there is no record in the New Testament that any baptism using a trinitarian command was ever carried out by the Apostles. and not as from the canonical text as follows--'And to the Apostles he gives the command: Going around preach ye and baptise those who believe in the name of the Father and Son and Holy Spirit' " (Conybeare quoting from Excerpta cap. “How did these spurious words get into the text and from whence did they come?” Fred Conybeare notes. 1902).' the latter form being the more frequent… the traditional [trinitarian] text was brought about by the [trinitarian baptismal] influence working on the Eusebian [Gospel of Matthew.' he used the common reading after Nice. p. But even this may be a forgery not produced by Theodotus. “For as yet it was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus” (Acts 8:16). but by Clement himself. after his resurrection. who collected the N. Repent. at Caesarea in Palestine. Regarding baptism*. and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins. and a text so invaluable to the dominant party [the Trinitarians] could not but make its way into every codex. The following verses show the truth of what the Apostles did: “Then Peter said unto them. Martineau in his “Seat of Authority” Bk. and historical criticism… The facts are. "In the pages of Clement of Alexandria. But in any case. before his ascension to heaven. P. the conversion of Eusebius to the longer text after the Council of Nice indicates that it was at that time being introduced as a shibboleth of orthodoxy into all codices. literary criticism. sets for us to see. IV. The question of the inclusion of the Holy Spirit on equal terms in the Trinity had been threshed out [at the Council]. in which there was no mention either of [both] baptism or of the words 'Father. The exclusive survival [of the trinitarian text of Matthew 28:19] in all MSS. the truth of what he really have had said: “And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his [Jesus'] name among all nations. and Holy Ghost' [in Matthew 28:19]” (Hibbert Journal. ch. that [of all] the MSS which Eusebius inherited from his predecessor.76. and entitled: 'Against Marcellus of Ancyra. The Apostles were obedient to the real order in Matthew 28:19 as originally given by their Lord and Master Jesus Christ. both Greek and Latin. For other spurious quotations see Appendix 3. “And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord *. need not cause surprise. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost” (Acts 2:38). he commissioned his apostles to go and baptize among all nations. a text some what similar to [the nowadays forged] Matthew 28:19 is once cited-but as from a gnostic heretic. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. They always used the name of Jesus Christ. “When they heard this. as Dr. p. Then in two controversial works written in his extreme old age. beginning at Jerusalem” (Luke 24:47). and not the evangelist.” Hoeck asks. Contrary to that Trinitarian formula. they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus” (Acts 19:5). either omitting everything between 'nations' and 'teaching. which originally stated "in My name"] text”. The Encyclopedia of Religion And Ethics states that Mt 28:19 "is the central piece of evidence for the traditional view [trinitarian formula]. but its trustworthiness is impugned on the grounds of textual criticism. 515 writes: “The very account which tells us that at last.

adding to it the abomination of the heathen mysteries of the trinity. D. they shall speak with new tongues. And when he had spoken these things. 14)]. present still at this moment. and they shall recover [all these are “manifestations of the spirit” within us (1 Cor. We have seen that there exists in the Bible the powerful and clear evidence. men lacking of holy spirit. daimonia]” The conclusions of all writings of the Apostle John are also significant: “And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples. but rather “ye shall be witnesses unto me”. and that believing ye might have life through his name” (Jn 20:30-31). etc… this are only few. and adulterated the gift of holy spirit. twisting interpretations of the very same writings of John and of the rest of the scriptures. the true vine (15:1). Jesus never said “in the name of the trinity you will cast demons”. He that believeth and is baptized [with holy spirit (Acts 1:5)] shall be saved. with all their religious twisting of the truth. being seen of them forty days… being [Jesus] assembled together with them. which was likened to a pagan religious “initiation”. the good shepherd (10:11). and preached everywhere. “you will be witnesses of the holy trinity”. John wrote many comparisons regarding who Christ is. commanded them that they should not depart from Jerusalem. but ye shall be baptized with holy spirit not many days hence… ye shall receive power. and sat on the right hand of God. John never said that his writings were written “that we might believe that Jesus is God the Son”. against words inserted by men (that’s why wee need to be aware and acquainted with All the Bible and not only with What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. saith he. Jesus never declared. Hoverer. which. the Lord working with them. they shall lay hands on the sick. 12 to Ch. could be born again. ye have heard of me. For John truly baptized with water. the light (8:12). In my name shall they cast out devils. rather “In my name shall they cast out devils [Gk. that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ. trying to prevent that more people. desire us to believe. 8-9a). the door (10:7). and unto the uttermost part of the earth. “These things have I written unto you that believe on the name of the Son of God. it shall not hurt them. and also transformed Jesus “the man – man’s redeemer”. They shall take up serpents. and in Samaria.The same Luke gave us the most detailed account of Jesus’ last words before his ascent to heaven in the book of Acts: “…unto the apostles whom he [Jesus] had chosen [including Jude. So then after the Lord had spoken unto them. he was taken up…” (Acts 1:2b-5. religion misunderstood him. while they beheld. Ch. as in catholic churches. but wait for the promise of the Father. By simple scripture build up we can see complementary information given by Mark: “And he [Jesus] said unto them. he was received up into heaven. And they went forth. he is: the word (1:1). which are not written in this book: But these are written. etc. through religious images. that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ. Amen” (Mk 16:15-20). and if they drink any deadly thing. the Son of God”. allowing demons to impersonate “the dead”. and preach the gospel to every creature. the water (7:37). the Son of God. John words are: “these are written. fully supported by God’s adversary. and in all Judaea. and have life through Jesus’ name.65 - . the traitor apostle. and confirming the word with signs following. later killing himself]… he [Jesus] shewed himself alive after his passion by many infallible proofs. that ye may know that ye have eternal life” (1Jn 5:13). transforming it in a third “person” of the trinity. and introduced through philosophies of men. the bread (6:35). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . after that the holy spirit is come upon you: and ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem. and substituted the spiritual baptism with the outdated water baptism. and making its followers to believe that the dead still alive. given by God. as religion. among other many tricks. men twice dead (deceivers that indeed are going to experience the second death. but he that believeth not shall be damned. “the advocate and the mediator of men” into an unreachable God. Go ye into all the world. as Jude verses 12 and 19 clearly manifest). And these signs shall follow them that believe. and to know that we have eternal life.

” in the same way as Paul did. many people still acknowledge the baptism of John (Acts 18:25) as the only baptism. John indeed baptized with water. since the Godhead was gradually taking on a triune nature in their political-religious environment (Appendix 5 shows that as late as in 1520 A. why we don’t help everybody to see that a similar forgery was done earlier to tamper with Matthew 28:19. [is that] the command is given by you [Pope Damasus. Only by the grace of God it was left for us to see the truth in Mt. never quoted "in the name of the Father. Cyprian’s doctrines were just What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. “the receiving of power from on high” (Luke 24:49. 3:11) as did Priscilla and Aquila. and The Holy Ghost". and not of water submersion or ablutions. If this forgery of 1 John 5:7-8 is a well known fact. men whose purpose is to carry out their own theology. * Additional Note Regarding Water Baptism: Water baptism is no longer necessary. as Constantine desired. “Is there a man. It was not difficult for Fourth Century scribes after the Nicene order to destroy genuine manuscripts and to retain the forged ones. which is being born again of holy spirit. Christ told his disciples: “Acts 1:5: For John truly baptized with water.66 - ." nor did Aphraates (Aphrahat The Persian Sage) in the early fourth century. by Basil “the Great” of Caesarea (that writes in his Treatise De Spiritu Sancto. nor Hermas the shepherd. neither the great theologian Origen. D. neither it has ever been needed any trinitarian formula. D. who wrote in the middle of the second century. and “the gift of God” (Acts 2:38). A. we know that “sincerity is no guarantee for truth”. because water was no longer needed. Eusebius. This manifests that Eusebius in his Greek and Latin texts. and of the Holy Ghost. by Jerome (who in his Preface to The Four Gospels of his Vulgate NT wrote. proclaiming the new birth. 383]”). and with any other secular writing (at least. John.” John the Baptist recognized that this spiritual baptism would be provided by Christ (Mt. who will …call me a forger and a profane person for having the audacity to add anything to the ancient books… which enable me to bear the odium-in the first place. but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost not many days hence..D. that was the evident attempt of the Athanasians. as we can see in the forged Ignatian epistles. and also. in the forgery upon the anonymous Didache and upon many other documents (Appendix 3). and of the Son. learned or unlearned. This greatly upset Cyprian (and others of his kind to-day). Chapter XXVIII “…passages… viewed with suspicion… really have quoted at length…”). see for example Rufinus (who at the conclusion of his version of Origen’s Commentary on Romans boasts that he had taken much “trouble to fill in what was lacking in Origen”). 3rd edition. Peter and Jude (Appendix 6). changing the words "in my name" to "in the name of the Father. decisions made by Theodosius I and by the Theophilus popes). 28:19 from the original writings of Origen. damning the KJV even more by including it. catholic hands forged a MS to tamper also 1 John 5:7-8 for Erasmus’s "Textus Receptus".just “one verse”). and Aphrahat in his Syriac texts. Today (as Apollos or as Philip did then). since we now have the true baptism. It is our responsibility to read the Bible carefully to see the written truth and not being guided by doctrines designed by men to fulfill their private political agendas (historic example in Appendix 2 and tampering of God’s Word. words that have reached us. Aphrahat. even in the midst of a strict and heinous “catholic censorship”. Acts 1:8). but ye shall be baptized with the Holy Ghost” (Acts 11:16). “the promise of our Father” (Acts 1:4). now we need to expound unto them “the way of God more perfectly (Acts 18:26). That the forgery of Biblical texts and of other earlier Christian writers was “the norm” with the full authorization of the Popes and of all catholic theologians of that time (and of to-day) can be seen in written words of the forgers themselves. which ended in thousands of born ag Christians being discriminated and/or martyred (in Appendix 3. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . also called. and others still to discover)). Even the Apostle Peter acknowledged this simple truth: “Then remembered I the word of the Lord. must have had earlier manuscripts without the added words (Appendix 1). considered “saints” by the catholic church have been altered… fact of their having been tampered with… Those however which I [Basil] (Appendix 3). which is the spiritual baptism in holy spirit. and by many others. how that he said. However. Justin in his Greek texts. as we can read in the last words of Paul. Hermas. The Greek Christian Justin Martyr. the Son. Even if under a “sincere principle of unity”. Justin.

574). “which”. Alford 1862-71. part IV. in place of He who. 3:16 “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness: “God was manifest in the flesh. even when they quote in a footnote: “0ς .htm 1 Tim. and making the two letters ThS (θς). is translated as “that” in the French 1910 Louis Segond. and is rightly stated in the margin. “no uncial (in the first hand) earlier than the eighth or ninth century supports θεος.67 - . which is his Church. Dec.” Great is the Mystery of godliness.” thus turning ho into hos (0ς). which [Mystery] was manifested in the flesh! The Revised Version of 1885 gives “He who” in the text. which made it masculine. “who”. To see more Biblical details on this verse: http://www. but if read of the Body of Christ. we believe to be the corruption of the reading. in the James Murdock Translation of the Syriac Peshitta and in the Douay-Rheims. Tischendorf 8th ed. which is also neuter. justified in the Spirit. and as “it” is (and the word “is” in present tense) in the 1933 Lamsa Translation from the Peshitta. and that originally it was simply “0. Lachmann 1842-50. London. We believe that the original word was ho (0). Uncial 061. seen of angels. “The word God. believed on in the world. 1922. A microscope reveals the fact that the little mark in the “0” in the Alexandrine MS (Codex A in the British Museum) is in different ink. [The Greek word “0 ”is translated correctly as the word “which” in the Latin Vulgate. Metzger notes. 1:27).” thus making it into Th (θ). 3:16 (the “Mystery of Godliness”) will be best understood by the important position it occupies in contrast with the “Mystery of Iniquity” (1 Tim 4:1-12). not understanding why it was in neuter. 2(6):102-105). θεος reading did not arise until after the 2nd century is evident from the Western reading 0. added an “S. This is our belief. 3:16 we have the whole truth concerning the Body of Christ that is now revealed on earth. rests on no sufficient ancient evidence”.com/fdocc2/mystery. but through the spiritual new birth. 3:16 is generally taken of Christ personal. “which”. just as the Apostle Paul taught and performed. Then. The proper translation should read: 1 Tim. which was manifest in the flesh. God (The “Englishman’s Greek New Testament” of Thomas Newberry (1877). can be found in: 1 Tim. received up into glory. in the six sentences of 1 Tim. appears in Griesbach 1805. preached unto the Gentiles.the philosophies of men’s imaginations (Appendix 3). and Wordsworth 1870”). receiving holy spirit in the name of Christ Jesus. and its revised form done by George Ricker Berry (1897) even expand the abbreviation to make it be as θεος without the support of the evidence of all manuscripts. in the New American Standard Bible. justified in the Spirit. believed on in the world. received up into glory. M. p. The Mystery. Some ancient authorities read “which”.” which. no patristic writer prior to the last third of the fourth century testifies to the reading θεος” (Textual Commentary. --------------Other word not present in older texts. The place occupied by the Revelation of the Mystery in 1 Tim. no longer using water.geocities. Tregelles 1857-72. “who”. which is “Christ in us. some later scribe put a little mark in the “0. This. in J. B. Things to Come. preached unto the Gentiles. the receiving of salvation.” The word “God” still appears in the KJV and in almost all of its derivatives. Rotherham. 1803). and already corrected in almost all recent versions. though with that change is thus made more obscure. the Vulgate and Older Latin Manuscripts contain ho (0) rather than hos (0ς)”. to agree with the word musterion. B. 3:16 “And without controversy great is the mystery of godliness. The old Syriac and all the Older Latin Versions agree with this translation (The Companion Bible. the hope of the glory” (Col. in the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. “The Codex Claromontanus. 1865-72. 1895. an abbreviation of the word Theos (θεος). and was evidently added by a later hand. then. Baptism today is to be born again. as discussed in the link referred (Ethelbert W. That the 0ς. seen of angels. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . the changed “0ς” has been translated to “He who” in the Westcott-Hort Greek Critical Text. or “He who”. Finally. D and virtually the entire Latin tradition read the neuter relative pronoun 0. θς. D. a scribe who. in the neuter form. Bullinger. in the 1901 American Standard Version.

and they want us to be one with them also: John 17:20-23: “Neither pray I for these alone. 9:17. 20:21. that they may be one. that God may be all in all” (1 Cor. In the book of Acts we can see time after time the same confession. then we have holy spirit within. which is his Church. 28:31. even as we are one: I in them.27. is that when we confess Jesus Christ as our Lord. and hast loved them. and when we believe that God raised him from the dead.35. 3:6. not a person.24. 1:2.17. etc. preaching peace through Jesus Christ: (he is Lord of all:). the members of the body of Christ. Thou blasphemest. 11:3). Father. 21:13. are we going to believe Jesus Christ’s testimony of who he is. 16:31. The expression “God the Son” is never to be found in the Bible. that God has made this Jesus. as it was given by himself? On his testimony Jesus was confirming what his father had already expressed regarding who Jesus is. then we are saved. 1 Cor. and also in Acts 2:38.68 - . that they may be made perfect in one. regarding who he is: “Say ye of him. the expression “Son of God” regarding Jesus Christ is found at least 68 times. God and Jesus Christ are one in purpose. None of these translations includes here the word “God”. but for them also which shall believe on me through their word. and that “when all things shall be subdued unto him. in whom I am well pleased” (Mt. 3:17. It does not say.16. 1:22 and 9:35). is in reality the Mystery. then shall the Son also himself be subject unto him that put all things under him. Lk. in The Message. in the Revised King James Version. then is Christ in us the hope of glory.20. neither “God incarnated”. and it is the same word “hen” translated also “one” in John 10:30. 16:18. and thou in me. Why don’t believe in the Bible only? Remember that the key of our salvation is given in Rom. and shall believe in your heart that God has raised him from the dead. nor the catholic creed expression “true God of true God”.] On reading faithfully your Bible you can easily see that the “central mystery of the Christian faith”. etc. which is neuter. in God’s Word. when Jesus said “I and my Father are one”. as “that” (Christ) in the 1912 Weymouth translation. in the Portuguese Joao Ferreira de Almeida. whom you crucified. 15:11. as thou hast loved me” Here the word “one” in Greek is “hen”. in the New Living Translation. 7:59. you shall be saved” (Revised King James Version). in the New International Version.29. Mk. as in the first preaching of Peter on the day of Pentecost: “Therefore. being “one” is to be one in purpose and in will. in the Orthodox Jewish Brit Chadasha. and not “the trinity”. and that the world may know that thou hast sent me. art in me. in the Spanish Reina Valera Actualizada and LBLA. 1:11. not masculine. and I in thee. “0ς” as “who” in the Emphatic Diaglott.1949 Bible in Basic English. are we going to believe God Himself on this? The testimony of Jesus Christ. 10:36). in The Living Oracles. as “Christ” in the Contemporary English Version. I am the Son of God?” (Jn. Christ with God and we with them. that: “Jesus Christ is Lord”. let all the house of Israel know assuredly. However. that they also may be one in us: that the world may believe that thou hast sent me. because I said. and by its context. 2:9-11. in the Revised Standard Version. and sent into the world. Philip. 14:28.” and in his first preaching to the gentiles: “The word which God sent to the sons of Israel. And the glory which thou gavest me I have given them. when referring to Jesus is: “This is my beloved Son. The testimony of John the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 11:17. both Lord and Christ. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . you will never find the word trinity or any of the trinitarian formulas in the book of Acts or in any other book of the revealed Bible. Jesus Christ stated that: “my Father is greater than I” (Jn. 4:18. 19:10. as thou. and both Jews and Gentiles are fellow-heirs and members of the same Body of Christ. whom the Father hath sanctified. 10:9: “That if you shall confess with your mouth that Jesus is Lord. 5:40.” Other examples can be found in Acts 4:33. The Bible also states that “the head of Christ is God” (1 Cor. “That if you shall confess with your mouth that Jesus is God”. 8:16. The testimony of God himself. in the Common Edition. “0ς” as “He” in the NET Bible. 15:28). The Mystery revealed by God to us. in the International Standard Version. D. That they all may be one. in Good News. As stated before. 10:29). in the Twentieth Century.

or as the later form took over. and the blood: and these three agree in one. These practices “for the forgiveness of sins”. They were first seen in the margin of some Latin copies. 1876). the spirit.” etc. and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. and Peter. p. A Textual Commentary to the Greek New Testament. Athanasius (fourth century. What about ourselves? --------------Another scripture deliberately changed. using water “in the name of the Father.” _ represents that none of the added words were originally present there. 8And there are three that bear witness in earth. the Son of God. “Reina-Valera Actualizada. version available in the e-Sword Free Software). Living Oracles. and by the American committee in the American Standard Version of 1901. The earlier texts read as follows: 1 John 5:7-8: “For there are three that bear record. World English Bible. These words are found in only four Greek manuscripts before the sixteenth century. when baptizing even babies. NET Bible. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Son and Holy Spirit.Y. 16:16). that ye might believe that Jesus is the Christ. John the Apostle is giving at the end of his book this beautiful summary. Rotherham Emphasized Bible. fifth century). 1889 Darby Bible. The Common Edition. Majority Text.] “Including more words was an attempt of a scribe or scribes to corrupt the original text with the theology propounded by Tertullian (early third century. the first person to use the word trinity of the Father. the Son of the living God” (Mt. translator of The Vulgate. until seeing. 1912 Weymouth. and from there they have crept into the text (The Companion Bible. the Father. 20:30-31. Cyprian (third century). are all of them “blaspheming” because none of them says what the catholic religion says (Appendix 3). German Luther Bible (Appendix 5. The words added begin in verse 7 with "in heaven" and goes unto "in earth" in verse 8. replaced the original commandment given: to provide salvation and holy spirit to everyone who believes “in the name of Jesus Christ”. and he did not believed in the Word of God. Augustine (fifth century).” These verses still appear in the KJV and in almost all of its derivatives. and that believing ye might have life through his name” (Jn. KJV verses 7 and 8 contain words that do not appear in any of the early manuscripts. 1901 American Standard Version. Metzger. 716-717). [Added words never included in: 1881 Westcott and Hort. and the blood: and these three agree in one. or what the Koran says (Appendix 4)? Jude Iscariot was one of the original Apostles and he betrayed Jesus Christ. D. Revised Standard Version. etc. 1949 Bible in Basic English. on giving the purpose of all his writings is: “And many other signs truly did Jesus in the presence of his disciples. 1 Jn. 1922.: United Bible Societies. Revised King James New Testament. The insertion within 1 John 5:7-8 was omitted completely by the English committee in the Revised Version of 1881-1885. Appendix 3). N. _ the spirit. is: 1 John 5:7-8: 7 “For there are three that bear record in heaven. Thomas Didymus was another. and John. Orthodox Jewish Brit Chadasha.69 - . and corrected to its original form by almost all recent versions and translations.Apostle. who by revelation had said: “Thou art the Christ. New International Version. Twentieth Century. 1971. the Word. devoting a treatise to it). and the rest of the pure Biblical Scriptures. New American Standard Bible. I ask. 5:13). the water. (their writings. Montgomery.” this verse even is accurate in The Vulgate. and these contain the passage in what appears to be a translation from a late recension (alteration) of the Latin Vulgate (Bruce M. which are not written in this book: But these are written. Hieronymus (Jerome. London. “as a signature of pertaining to “the right” church”. Yet What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. pp. the Son and the Holy Ghost”. and the water. God himself. as it contains the only second “trinitarian formula” that was added by pro-Nicene hands. and Jesus Christ. the main influencer in the Nicene trinity). to don’t let anybody in any doubt or misunderstanding about the truth contained within everything that he wrote. The Emphatic Diaglott.

Enough is to “Study to shew thyself approved unto God. not in the Word of God. In our search for truth. By the end of the first century. that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears” (Acts 20:29-31). not sparing the flock. The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus. it is sin. knowing that the ancient texts and manuscripts do not substantiate the insertion. so making peace” (Eph. 1:15-16). nailing it to his cross” (Col. The student is not told that the dogma of the trinity unified the roman church by persecution. regarding those early (and of today) theologians. and closes when “the Son. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. is truth. “Blotting out [Jesus Christ] the handwriting of ordinances (dogmas) that was against us. those leaders who defile the Word of God and defile themselves. have continued to insert the error in the newer versions of the King James Version (KJV) as genuine Scripture. nor “dogmas”. through such creeds and dogmas? Notoriously. the American and the British Bible Societies. Also of your own selves shall men arise. nor “official creed”. W. in this administration of the mystery revealed by God to us in his Word: “Having abolished [Jesus Christ] in his flesh the enmity. and was not ashamed of my chain” (2 Tim. Therefore watch. which was contrary to us. that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you. speaking perverse things. Why not just simply believe the truth of God’s Word? “Religious men” wants us to worship their own human thoughts consecrated as dogmas and not the true God! However. 5:7-8. the trinity to be the official doctrine of the Roman Empire. that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me. to place. words deceivingly retained today by “religious men”]. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . 2:14). rightly dividing the word of truth” (2 Tim. “This thou knowest. for he oft refreshed me. it is concealed from him that Theodosius “the Great” (see Appendix 3 to read his statement and of his sanguinary character). that God may be all in all” (1 Cor.70 - . 15:28) [in Appendix 5 details on the history of the catholic insertion of trinitary words in 1 Jn. 2:15). who are we to establish our own creeds. they are proven to be wrong when compared with the pure fountain of the living Word. to draw away disciples after them.both. or if his Apostles did not established an “official religious institution”. To say: “Jesus Christ is the Son of God”. of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes. The Bible says. by force. the only apostolic procession was by these grievous wolves. even the law of commandments contained in ordinances (dogmas). dogmas and doctrines? Or even worse. who are we to oppress and to obligate others to submit to us and to our own vain imaginations. To say that Jesus Christ is God the Son is idolatry. is an immoral act with Scripture. If Jesus Christ himself. there were not enough Trinitarians in the capital city of Constantinople on the first Sunday thereafter. 1998. To print these verses for many years after it was known not to be true. also himself being subject unto Him that put all things under him. God’s revelation to men opens with God creating. Thinking people will not continue following leaders in whose honesty they have no confidence. a workman that needeth not to be ashamed. either from the law period or of any other of men’s imaginations in this age of grace. This is the testimony of the Word of God regarding the invalidity of any kind of doctrines or dogmas. and remember. for to make in himself of twain one new man. on his Online review of “The Names and Order of the Books of the Old Testament”. Etc… (more references can be found in Appendix 6). 1(6):110). nor “doctrines”. and at that time. 2:15). not even to one single trinitarian worshipper in each church building in the city. as well as all the forgeries on which the doctrine of the trinity has been based. Bullinger in Things to Come in 1894. The mystery of the trinity is within the creeds of men. D. in the latter part of the fourth century made. and took it out of the way. and as such. which with their personal aspirations took over the control of the “church” since its early days: “For I know this. the seekers after the truth will sooner or later discover all the mistranslations. originally written by E. we must trust in the Scriptures themselves and not in the “church tradition” laid by grievous wolves in sheep’s clothing (Bill Powell.

-----------------APPENDIXES: APPENDIX 1 APPENDIX 2 APPENDIX 3 APPENDIX 4 APPENDIX 5 APPENDIX 6 ANOTHER EXPERT QUOTATIONS A Collection of Evidence. handle not. He which testifieth these things saith. “Touch not. Add thou not unto his words. relying upon the power of Christ. Amen.71 - . If any man shall add unto these things. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . God reminds us not to alter the Holy Scriptures. “Every word of God is pure: he is a shield unto them that put their trust in Him. "Go ye and make disciples of all the nations in my name. “Now the Spirit speaketh expressly. Well hath Esaias prophesied of you hypocrites. reproved) according to God: “For I testify unto every man that heareth the words of the prophecy of this book. observe to do it: thou shalt not add thereto. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you all. “What thing soever I command you. neither shall ye diminish ought from it. and had been driven out of the land of Judea. after the commandments and doctrines of men?” (Col. ye reject the commandment of God. taste not. and out of the holy city. who had said to them. and from the things which are written in this book. 30:5-6). 13:9). “Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. 12:32). come.“Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world. 22:18-21). This people honoureth me with their lips. giving heed to seducing spirits. Biblical Unitarian. ye hold the tradition of men. not with meats. quoting accurately Matthew 28:19 and its immediate context (in bold the scripture and in italics its related meaning. which have not profited them that have been occupied therein” (Heb. but their heart is far from me. Ploughman and Randall Duane Hughes. D. Lord Jesus. 2:20). Even so. “Ye shall not add unto the word which I command you. who had been incessantly plotted against with a view to their destruction. Howbeit in vain do they worship me. lest he reprove thee. 4:2). that ye may keep the commandments of the LORD your God which I command you” (Deut. We are living today the Mystery revealed by God. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace. For laying aside the commandment of God. 2:21-22). Therefore. mainly “Ante-Nicene” (before the time of the trinitarian dogma). why. are ye subject to ordinances (dogmatidzo)? …” (Col. God shall add unto him the plagues that are written in this book: And if any man shall take away from the words of the book of this prophecy. and thou be found a liar” (Prov.. nor diminish from it” (Deut. teaching for doctrines the commandments of men. went unto all nations to preach the Gospel. 4:1). 7:6-9). Amen” (Rev. A. that ye may keep your own tradition” (Mk. as it is written. all individuals or groups that have done so (willingly) are accursed (damn. God shall take away his part out of the book of life. the age of the grace of God! Regarding doctrines not to be found in the original revelation of the Bible: “He answered and said unto them. and doctrines of devils” (1Tim. Surely I come quickly. as though living in the world. Appendix 1: Early writings. Which all are to perish with the using." What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith. as the writers understood it): /////////// “…the rest of the apostles..

saying they should triumph "In MY NAME. “Oracles About Christ”. after his victory over death. and make disciples of all the nations in My Name. Of the Lawgiving according to the Gospel of Christ. he spoke the word to his followers. the poorest of the poor: "Go forth.org/eusebius_de_05_book3.tertullian. These first two can be found in the full documents Online at: (Look inside that site for the book:: NPNF2-01)] /////////// “With one word and voice He said to His disciples: "Go. For He said to them: "And lo! I am with you all the days. Chapter XI. “Against Those who think that the Christ of God was a Sorcerer”. so we can track and see that neither Origen had in his Bible versions those altered words in Matthew 28:19. and D. with B as against Aleph. "Go ye. [Online at: http://www. “The Last Siege of the Jews after Christ”. "Go ye and make disciples of all nations in my name. 18:15-19.org/eusebius_de_11_book9. what philosopher. even unto the end of the world." and He joined the effect to His Word” Eusebius Pamphilus. then. by the addition of one phrase.72 - ." ” “I am irresistibly forced to retrace my steps. that would ensure their courage and readiness to devote themselves to carrying out His commands.). Demonstratio Evangelica. where Eusebius." He shewed the virtue of the power in His Name concealed from the crowd when He said to His disciples: "Go. and make disciples of all nations in my name. [Passage quoted. D. Origen and of Pamphilus (see below in Jerome’s own words).” Chapter XVI. and by the co-operation of Him Who said to them: "Make disciples of all the nations in my Name.htm] What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. “Oration in praise of the Emperor Constantine. and more strong than man's. or prophet.tertullian. and things in earth. of things in heaven. and as we will see below. Book III. "can we do it?… "By what power shall we ever survive our daring attempt?"… But while the disciples of Jesus were most likely either saying thus. Demonstratio Evangelica. and things under the earth. as to fill the ears and tongues of all mankind with the praises of his name? Surely none save our only Saviour has done this. but with the necessary addition of "In my Name. saying to them. and full of mighty power. but where B and others have “oun”. but while living still. and search for their cause. not even in his Commentary on Matthew] /////////// “What king or prince in any age of the world. and others have “nun”." "But how. Book III. and make disciples of all nations in my Name. “From Deuteronomy. “The Church History of Eusebius”. Demonstratio Evangelica. Eusebius has “goun” “ (at the beginning. has attained so great a height of excellence.'' So. translated here by a comma (. by a power more divine." ” Eusebius Pamphilus. [Online at: http://www.tertullian. teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you.Eusebius Pamphilus. [Online at: http://www. Book III. and to confess that they could only have succeeded in their daring venture. or thinking thus. Chapter V. adds something.htm] “See how truly He speaks with the voice of God. that his gospel must be preached in all the world for a testimony to all nations…” Eusebius Pamphilus. Chapter VI. and fulfilled it by the event. we that are the Gentiles know and receive the prophet that was foretold” Eusebius Pamphilus.] ”." And when He said this He appended a promise. [The comment of Schaff and Wace here is: “There is an interesting various reading here." the disciples might reasonably have answered the Master. after the word Go.'' He it was who gave the distinct assurance. that the apostle says: "God has given him a name which is above every name.org/eusebius_de_05_book3. Book IX. when." And the power of His Name being so great. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Deut.htm] “And He bids His own disciples after their rejection." For He did not bid them simply and indefinitely make disciples of all nations. Chapter VII. and make disciples of all the nations. I say not after death. [Eusebius Pamphilus was a disciple of Ammonius. the Master solved their difficulties. that in the name of Jesus every knee should bow. legislator. saying in these very words to those disciples of His. in civilized or barbarous lands.

with the word." And the deed He made to follow the word. when opposing this Tradition. ii.--the whole creation was filled with His words!” Eusebius Pamphilus. Theophania. (accordingly) He made the addition. but with this excellent addition which He delivered.htm] “He (the Saviour) said in one word and enouncement to His Disciples. resisting the declarations also of the Scriptures." It is likely therefore. by His name. something which should come to pass. Book III.and could effect so much. and for inditing those Scriptures which are the main sources of divine truth to the Christian Church. that they (the Disciples) could not otherwise have undertaken this enterprise.--what He had foretold and previously revealed. were found.-. and by the assistance of Him who said to them. every race of /////////// “Who. even to the end of the world. by one additional word. But He who was their Lord solved. no man has done excepting our Saviour alone. that we shall succeed in this enterprise? These things therefore. that He would shew forth the excellency of the unseen power."” Eusebius Pamphilus. and drew breath. although Irenaeus (Lib. and which is in earth. "Go and make disciples of all nations in my name. that the Heretics." Since it was by the power of His name that all this came to pass. than by a Divine power which exceeds that of man. and in a short space of time." He thus accurately foretold moreover. who bore all this pre-eminence. King. or said. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. (and) pledged them by saying. He attached to it the promise. whether Greek or Barbarian. for a testimony to all nations. and. at the name of Jesus. Theophania. were disseminated at His command among all nations” Eusebius Pamphilus. that he should be preached throughout the whole earth? and. it is evident enough. '' Ye shall conquer in my name. 4. For thence." For it was not that He commanded them. is the mortal man. "Go. He brought the deed also to pass: for. and tongues of every people upon the face of the whole earth ? But this. and teach ye them every thing that I have commanded you. or Prophet. Grabe) speaks of Tradition not written. 200. Theophania. 46. "Behold I am with you always. when He had said this to them.org/eusebius_theophania_04book3. the aggregate of the things of which they doubted.--not after his death.Theophania. Samuel Lee in 1843 is that it was “Cited evidently from memory”. immediately. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . In his next note. D. and fulfilled it by deed: " Go and teach all nations. and which is beneath the earth. and make Disciples of all nations in my name. ii. (viz): "In my name. it is from an examination of it by the Scriptures alone. Book V. may indeed be relied on. the Greeks and Barbarians became at once. who said to his disciples by word. cap.-. "God has given Him a name. And. for the testimony of all nations” Eusebius Pamphilus.73 - . regarding Eusebius’ expression “without book”. as the Apostle has said. 49. as readily to give themselves up to the things commanded. simply and indiscriminately. "In my name. that we can know it to be good”. (His) Disciples: The laws too of our Saviour were not written in any Book of His. [Online at: http://www. when found accordant with the Scriptures. Philosopher. but while he was still alive. against whom he was writing. but. every knee should bow which is in heaven. The Apostles were. to go and make Disciples of all nations. D. by which they should be so encouraged." And. Edit. but delivered viva voce.tertullian. the Disciples of our Saviour would either have thought. Lee says: “Let it not be imagined that this favours the modern doctrines about unwritten tradition. that his name should fill the hearing. Book V. without book. [The note on Mt 28:19-20 given by the Editor D. And. p. Ancient Tradition. Lawgiver.divinely inspired expressly for this work. of those that ever existed. “I am again compelled to recur to the question of (its) cause. which was hidden from the many. For He said to them.--that it was necessary His Gospel should be preached throughout the whole creation.] “What power have we upon which to trust. that he intends to ascribe to this no independent authority: for in the very same context he informs us. but.--be it remembered.--and not at a great distance of time. "It is expedient that this my Gospel be preached in the whole world. Book V. (when) He said." He said (also) to them. which is superior to every name: that. 17. and to confess.

18. says: "Where two or three are gathered together in My name. “Eusebius." To those who are to know all that human nature can know while it still is here. Jesus' Knowledge Of The Heart. "…"Lo..' struck out. as we will read.the words recorded in Matthew as spoken by Christ when risen from the dead to His disciples who were being sent out to teach all nations." (Conybeare)”] /////////// "And Jesus Himself." Origen against Celsus. there am I in the midst of you. And Whether He Abides With Them After That Consummation. Conybeare. 22:34 to 27:66." He who is with His disciples who are sent out to teach all the nations. E. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .. Book II. the first nine. and the greater part of the remaining books survives in a Latin version. 36. Prophets In Their Country. and by which He conferred benefits upon his adherents. Frederick C. when He said.So long.28:19 three times---ending the quote abruptly at "nations" each time and "that in itself suggests that his text has been censored. I am with you"… justice yet be done to the "I. 1902) /////////// “. which is co-extensive with the Greek from book xii. earlier MSS and Origen’s volumes on Matthew were at his hands. Why His Brothers Are Not Called To The Wedding. 36) the Commentaries on the Gospel of Matthew were written about the same time as the Contra Celsum. If the Greek MSS there contained these words ["baptizing them in the name of the Father. and of the Holy Ghost"]. "All the days till the end of the world. ". he lived in one of the greatest Christian Libraries of that day.[Online at: http://www. Of the twenty-five books into which the work was divided. vi.htm] [Conybeare says. and contains further. the exposition from Mt." " Origen against Celsus. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. covering the portion from Mt. is said with emphasis.D. In Eusebius days. 6." Origen's Commentary On The Gospel Of John: Tenth Book. 13:36 to 22:33. performed all that He promised to do. "Lo.. /////////// “…And the Apostles on this account left Israel and did that which had been enjoined on them by the Saviour.. And we. 'In my Name. Moreover. "Go and teach all nations." Origen's Commentary On The Gospel Of John: Tenth Book." Origen’s Commentary On Matthew: Book XII. then. Chap. Book II.74 - . however. in raising the minds of His disciples to higher thoughts of the Son of God. [According to Eusebius (H. XXX." And of the same nature is His promise to His disciples: "Lo. so that.” Origen’s Commentary On Matthew: Book X.-xvii. and unto the uttermost part of the earth. until the consummation. therefore.. I am with you alway. How Christ Abides With Believers To The End Of The Age. when Origen was over sixty years of age. IX “…for the apostles of Jesus to accomplish the task enjoined upon them by their Master. even to the end of the world. are extant in the Greek. and may therefore be probably assigned to the period 246-248. I am with you always unto the consummation of the age. "Make disciples of all the nations. in part to the third century. with the exception of two fragments. viz. died in 340 A.. 7. “Jesus. “The Hibbert Journal notes that Origen quotes Matt. and the words which followed. therefore He says.. And Why He Abides At Capernaum Not Many Days. the great Ecclesiastical historian." we cannot fast nor be in want of food. even to the end of the world. and his work belonged. I am with you always." and. The Meaning Of Leaven. 8. 9 to book xvii. "I am with you. D.. "Behold..tertullian.. and of the Son. books x." add as the rise of each new day upon the field of contemplation brings more days before the eyes of the blessed. "Ye shall be My witnesses both in Jerusalem and ill all Judaea and Samaria. Chap. as we have Jesus with us fulfilling the promise which runs. continually seeing fulfilled all that was predicted by Him before it happened. because of want of it we should desire to take and eat the forbidden leaven. it seems impossible that he could have quoted this verse eighteen times without including them” (Hibbert Journal. are lost.org/eusebius_theophania_06book5.

and have our faith in Him daily confirmed. and having ascended to heaven. Wiss. as our guide. as you will see below (enough strange is to notice that only in “De Principiis” is the most notable “push” for the doctrines of the trinity within “Origen’s writings”.). all the times that he mentions “to teach every nation”.that this Gospel of His should be preached throughout the whole world.” Origen against Celsus. Origen’s work was harshly persecuted by the Theophilus popes. The last two passages smack of Rufinus rather than of Origen. Book II.. That claim can also be substantiated by two of the main doctrinal points of rejection emphasized by the Alexander and the Theophilos popes against Origen. 1901.--On The Incarnation Of Christ. we can see that there was a later hand adding such trinitarian thoughts in the gospel of Matthew and in the book of Origen.75 - . D. ". as we will see below.” By the other side. having the Biblical full contexts. /////////// What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.Book II.” Origen De Principiis -. willingly die confessing Christ” (Chap. it is mentioned the word trinity at least 19 times. together with the comparison of its ancient texts…)] [Fred. Justin Martyr: The First Apology Of Justin. 2 and 8.. nor in the section called “Summary (Of Doctrine) Regarding The Father. that we may not lie nor deceive our examiners. On reading Rufinus’ and Jerome’s letters. and by those things which were published in His name among all nations by the apostles. and these illiterate. in relation to the last words of Christ before his ascension. VI. we are lost in wonder at Him. not just the forged pieces. having the full Bible. but also. there is joy afforded to those who expect the immortality promised by Him" (Chap. Jahrg. /////////// 1… “that they might gather together out of every race and every nation a multitude of devout believers in Himself. and we who formerly used to murder one another do not only now refrain from making war upon our enemies. the only version that we have now. but a faithful and a careful comparison of history and of documents. it is only in Rufinus’ work that the text Mt 28:19 occurs” (Zeitschrift f. go to the end of our Quotations] /////////// “For from Jerusalem there went out into the world. but never in his writings mentions any trinitarian formula associated with Matthew.. And The Other Topics Discussed In The Preceding Pages. twelve in number. Chap. will help us to track back the truth. And The Holy Spirit. XLII. reigned. of no ability in speaking: but by the power of God they proclaimed to every race of men that they were sent by Christ to teach to all the word of God. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . The Son. Direct Predictions By The Spirit). 285). d. and VIII. moreover. we would have to admit that he used the Textus Receptus at Mt 28:19 and even set store by it. as described in the book of Acts. The text Mt 28:19 comes thrice in Rufinus’ version of the “Commentar in Romanos”.--Prophecy Using The Past Tense). men. its narrative on its historical developments.. At the conclusion of his version of the commentary on Romans Rufinus boasts that he had taken much “trouble to fill in what was lacking in Origen” (see below rest of Rufinus’ in Latin).our Jesus Christ. Neutest. and all cumulative scriptures dealing with a similar subject. XLII. 28:19 as a proof for such trinity. D. and. [Origen was an “early trinitarian”. In Rufinus’ Latin version of De Principiis. To see a detailed account on other forgery on the works of Origen. but not even once is there a mention of Mt. rose again. No sane critic would undertake to say where Origen ends and Rufinus begins. II. XXXIX. C. being crucified and dead. in V. he quotes them as in the need to be done in the name of Jesus Christ (“in Him”). that they should be brought before governors and kings on no other account than because of His teaching. and that His disciples should go among all nations and announce His doctrine. tampered on by catholic censorship. but rather. p. Harnack acknowledges the participation of later hands on “retouching” older writings (see end of Appendix 3). 4. Chap. Conybeare wrote: “If we could trust Rufinus’ versions of Origen’s homilies. and by the anathemas against Origen’s writings in the Second Council of Constantinople (553 A. It is the Bible our foremost foundation. But we cannot trust them.

that He would suffer. nor does inflict it. 49:11) was a declaring beforehand both of the works wrought by Him at His first advent. who through the name of Jesus have believed as one man in God the Maker of all. and persuaded them that so it had been prophesied concerning Him. For lo! by the faith of Christ are all the ends of the earth filled. Nowhere is to be found the word trinity or its formula in these writings. and from those who throughout the world are seen to be worshippers of God in the name of that crucified one” (Chap. and quitting the path of error. “And that expression. knowing that daily some [of you] are becoming disciples in the name of Christ. our Lord Jesus Christ is the foundation of all faith. II) And Other Articles]) Other quotations: “We. of our sins.' And What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. who died. they went into all the world. that is our Lord Jesus Christ…And in that I have called Christ the Stone. on (this) Stone faith is based. it is laid for him upon the Stone. who suffered. 272)) “Every demon. For when anyone is brought nigh unto faith. as David said: 'The sound of the Gospel of Christ has gone forth into all the earth. a Jew) [The last two taken from the book “Justin: It Is Proved That This Prophecy Has Been Fulfilled And Other Articles”. and it smote the image. For it is the foundation that is the beginning of all the building. i. even so He has now neither yet inflicted judgment. (first paragraph) [Justin Describes His Studies In Philosophy (Chap. who also do receive gifts each as they be worthy. when exorcised in the name of this very Son of God--who is the First-born of every creature. and taught these truths. It Is Shown How This Prophecy Suits The Christians)..” (Chap. 28:19 in his own works “as preserved to us”] /////////// “…Thus also the true Stone. we are the true high priestly race of God. but we most notice that neither Clement of Alexandria quotes Mt. who became man by the Virgin. D. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . and ascended into heaven--is overcome and subdued” (Chap.He Proves That Christ Is The Lord Of Hosts From Ps. and the whole earth was filled with it.“God hath not yet afflicted nor inflicts the judgment.76 - . as knowing of some that still even today are being made disciples in the name of his Christ. 'binding his foal to the vine. through the name of His first-begotten Son.” The same quotation in another version: “God did not inflict His anger on account of those seven thousand men ['I have still seven thousand men who have not bowed the knee to Baal'. And From His Authority Over Demons) Justin Martyr: Dialogue with Trypho (Dialogue of Justin Philosopher and Martyr. God answered to Elijah]. and being thus persuaded. And resting on faith all the structure rises until it is completed. and sent His disciples to instruct them… For after His crucifixion. since we have [this our] persuasion both from the prophets. p 258. who rose from the dead. I have not spoken my own thought. as even God Himself bears witness.Jacob Predicted That Christ Would Ride On An Ass. LIII . until this Christ came. each as he is worthy. and the ass's foal to the vine tendril. And Zechariah Confirms It (p. but the Prophets beforehand called Him the Stone…And again Daniel also spoke concerning this stone which is Christ. being illuminated by the name of this Christ. the disciples that accompanied Him were dispersed. even within the growing tide of the imaginations of men surrounding the pure biblical scriptures. XXIV. not by hands.' This he showed beforehand with regard to Christ that the whole earth shall be filled with Him. and also of that belief in Him which the nations would repose.e. and are abandoning the path of error. illumined through the name of this Christ. who are also receiving gifts. of the filthy garments. LXXXV . which was not bearing a yoke on its neck. “This certainly suggests that Justin did not know the traditional [trinitarian] text of Matthew 28:19” (Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics). For he said: 'The stone was cut out from the mountain. For they were like an unharnessed foal. saying that in every place among the Gentiles sacrifices are presented to Him wellpleasing and pure” (Chapter CXVI. and was crucified under Pontius Pilate by your nation. 39. and being vehemently inflamed by the word of His calling. have been stripped. Hence also we are strong in His faith and doctrine. And on Him.' (Gen. These are only some examples. with Trypho. until He rose from the dead.

. OR MISCELLANIES: Book II. Nicea. and cannot be contained. The words 'Make disciples of all nations. Vol. “The name of the Son of God is great. Vol XIII. i. Were the writing of Aphraates an isolated fact. but in the presence of the Eusebian and Justinian texts.2-6. in Asia Minor). The Great Mysteries In The Building Of The Militant And Triumphant Church [There is another translation of the same book called The Shepherd Of Hermas. and supports them with joy. “Because. this is impossible" (Conybeare)] /////////// "The anonymous author of De Rebaptismate in the third century. Aphraates. Nowhere in the context of the book III is to be found the word trinity or the Trinitarian formula. "all the nations that dwell under heaven were called by hearing and believing upon the name of the Son of God" ” Chap. XVI. XIV. became a foundation to them. and walk in His commandments? do you see what kind of persons He supports? Those who bear His name with their whole heart. and obtains life… these apostles and teachers who preached the name of the Son of God”. then. the whole creation is supported by the Son of God. Turkey).dwells at length on 'the power in the name of Jesus invoked upon a man in baptism' " [Smith's Dictionary of the Bible. make disciples of all nations and they will believe on Me. Aphrahat. historical evidence shows that the trinitarian adulteration was: NOT YET IN ALL THE MANSUCRIPTS AT THAT TIME: - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Similitude Ninth. The Pastor: Book Third – Similitudes. because they are not ashamed to bear His name” Chap. “Before a man bears the name of the Son of God he is dead.7] /////////// Chap. even within such trinitarian disputations. and bear the name of the Son of God.. a city of ancient Bithynia. Demonstration I. they preclude the Textus Receptus with its injunction to baptize in the triune name.'. even within all other doctrinal deviations and imaginations of Hermas] /////////// “…the apostles and teachers. If. 8 .19). 1956).. wrote between 337 and 345. for he said thus: 'No man can lay another foundation than that which is laid.” Aphraates. Translated by J. quoting De Rebaptismate 6. He Himself. p 352. Aphrahat The Persian Sage.. Matthew 28:19 is not used as a “trinitarian proof” because it was not there at that time! So. Lightfoot. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers (Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. he [Hermas’ interlocutor] said.'…And again the Apostle has commented for us upon this building and upon the foundation..' But in any case.77 - . but when he receives the seal he lays aside his deadness. D. we might regard it as a loose citation.--The Connection Of The Christian Virtues. For he said: 'I saw a chief stone of equality and of love.again when He sent forth His apostles He spake thus to them: 'Go forth.. and supports the whole world. and they shall believe in me' appear to be a gloss of the Eusebian reading 'in my name.B. Demonstrations. accordingly. (now Iznik. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . XVII. what think ye of those who are called by Him. Chap. IX.--Of Faith (8) [In: Philip Schaff. [notice the high similarity of this “Stromata” quotation with the last quote of Hermas] ---------------------Matthew 28:19 is still quoted accurately even immediately after the Council of Nicaea (Nicoea. Select Demonstrations (Demonstration I.' And again the Prophet Zechariah also prophesied about the stone which is Christ. In the next writings it is still not quoted in its “trinitarian formula”. and even if quoted by Trinitarians.13. which is Jesus Christ. who had preached the name of the Son of God…” THE STROMATA.

” The Letter Of Pope Celestine To The Synod Of Ephesus. A. III. 344-345. Clark. consubstantial. according to the admonition of the Apostle. However.' Irrationally then do the followers of the Samosatene separate the Word who is clearly declared to be made one with the Man from Mary. Lev. For he says. teach all nations. Pope. i. [Extracts From The Acts. The Third Ecumenical Council--The Council Of Ephesus. the Word in Old Testament may be Son in New. Col.' nay. 1988. in the Spanish catholic creed this lie appears as “consustancial” or “consubstancial” al Padre) and homoiousios (similarity of essence) to describe the Father’s relationship to the Son. since we are the successors in their honour. then.36. in majesty. Note that the issue of the Father’s and Son’s birth-relationship is “genetic” (from the Greek gennetos) but not [necessarily] in the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. approved in Sirmium (357 A. beside which... especially Ps. argued from the New Testament. Necessity of the Word's taking flesh. Tom. 'I am the Life'). 318-381 A. for he said to them. &c. “explain”. Edinburgh: T. Rubenstein have replaced Hanson’s “declare” with the clearer term. Objection from Acts x. He is not therefore sent through that Man. 36. We must needs follow our predecessors. That the Son is the Co-existing Word. cx. dear brethren. L. the flesh. he implies the divine union also. pp. viz.. "Go. let him understand the divine mystery one and simple. teach all nations. as Spirit in Old Testament is Paraclete in New. Let us all.P.. Session II. in dignity. of Him who is Very Life (as the Lord said to Martha. should observe that we have received a general command: for he wills that all of us should perform that office. such as 1 Cor.) [The Second Sirmian Creed was a trumpet which was heard from one end of the empire to the other”. and the Power of the Highest shall overshadow thee therefore also that Holy Thing which shall be born of thee.D. Emperors. R. which he Titus entrusted in common to all the Apostles.' ” /////////// “…whoever of us preach the name of the Lord in divers lands in their stead. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . to sanctify. For as when a man heard 'The Word became flesh.C. Besides. The Second Sirmian Creed.' he would not think that the Word ceased to be. For in the same way that John here preaches that incomprehensible union. so also hearing of the Word which has been united to the flesh.--Celestine I. ix. because the concept of “essence” “is not included in the Divine Scriptures. 3. saying.--Theodosius II. Concilia. Texts from the Old Testament continued. And we shew forth our diligence in preaching the same doctrines that they taught.D.D. 'the mortal being swallowed up of life. 'Go ye. but He rather in Him sent. Col. yet without destroying." You. 5. Pat. a doctrine formulated by Athanasius. Discourse IV: 26 . in the very name of “Father. 431. so when the blessed Peter says that through Jesus Christ the Word was sent. And Valentinian III.78 - . shall be called the Son of God. shew the oneness of the Divine Word and Man. our Saviour… there is no uncertainty about the Father being greater: it cannot be doubted by anyone that the Father is greater in honor. & T. For the office of keeping what is committed to our trust is no less dignified than that of handing it down. 'The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee.]. 7. “the Latin bishops were clearly resentful of their Greek colleagues’ tendency to treat them like uncultured” [as the Latin bishops really were]. 505.” for he [Jesus Christ] himself witnesses… [that “He who sent me is greater than I”]” We outlaw the use of the terms homoousios (identity of essence. Lat. 613. as has been said before. D. undertake their labours. in glory. the same essence or substance. which is absurd. answered by parallels. we are forbidden to add aught.Four Discourses Against The Arians (Written Between 356 And 360 by Athanasius. The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God: The Arian Controversy. (Labbe And Cossart. “32. see in Appendix 3 details of his character). References: Hanson. and it is beyond man’s knowledge… and holy spirit “is through the Son” rather than being coequal with God”. More clearly however and indisputably than all reasoning does what was said by the Archangel to the Bearer of God herself. Tom. Also Migne.(1)) /////////// Some “tracks” for the original truth can also be followed on reading early history: “We believe in one almighty God and Father… and his Son Jesus Christ the Lord.

Cambridge University Press. Gwatkin. the key of the Scriptures and custodian of the New Testament. whether on his own account or in the person of our Lord the Saviour quotes the testimony of the Old Testament he does not follow the authority of the translators of the Septuagint but the Hebrew. M.] [This was a more representative Council of the entire church than the Council of Nicaea. who use it. a chronological summary. 1999. 1993. Much of the material peculiar to this Gospel is concerned with representing Jesus as the fulfillment of the Old Testament.D. “Naively” is Hanson’s version (Search. Microsoft Encarta)]. MATTHEW. written by Jerome: Chapter III. and R. Rubenstein. H.D. Athanasius and Constantius: Theology and Politics in the Constantinian Empire. pp. 186-191. 1900. 162." /////////// Book “llustrious Men”. Harcourt. 75. [at Seleucia (in Asia Minor) and at Rimini (on Italy’s Adriatic coast)]. D. 253] /////////// “Since the term essence (ousia) was adopted by the fathers [at Nicaea] without proper reflection [or “naively”] and. p. 253. as also did the Second Sirmian Council (Rubenstein. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . If any meeting deserves the title “ecumenical. p. which set forth and defend the New Testament. 1999. There are three celebrated works of his which truly testify to this: the Canons of the Four Gospels. The time of composition frequently suggested is sometime after AD 70. 364) of Barnes’s “without proper reflection”.” that one seems to qualify. 144. Gospel According to. - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. R. and at Constantinople." and "for he shall be called a Nazarene. from the book “On the Lights of the Church”. causes offense because the Scriptures do not contain it. pp. In this it is to be noted that wherever the Evangelist.79 - . perhaps about AD 80 ("Matthew." 1994. "Eusebius of Caesarea. since the Divine Scriptures nowhere refer to essence [when speaking] about Father and Son…” The Dated Creed. 189. but this was afterwards translated into Greek though by what author is uncertain. When Jesus Became God. 1999)] /////////// Book: “Testimonies Of The Ancients In Favor Of Eusebius”. is proved by the Greeks to be greater than many in his treatises.. and the Chronicon. When Jesus Became God.D. Rubenstein. Councils whose products were later deemed unorthodox not only lost the “ecumenical” label but virtually disappeared from official church history. Wherefore these two forms exist "Out of Egypt have I called my son. Harcourt. E." [Matthew wrote chiefly for Christians of Jewish origin. Cambridge: Harvard University Press. a city of Syria. but its result – the adoption of an Arian creed – was later repudiated by the Catholic Church. apostle and aforetimes publican. as was attended by more than 500 bishops from both East and West. The translation is found in Barnes T. that is. confirmed at Rimini-Seleucia. When Jesus Became God.materialistic sense (see Bible references in Appendix 4). ten books of Ecclesiastical History.. We have never found any one who has been able to follow in all his foot-prints. 2nd ed. Chapter LV. composed a gospel of Christ at first published in Judea in Hebrew for the sake of those of the circumcision who believed. 359 A. The “Dated Creed” is so called because the committee of bishops took the unusual step of dating it: May 22. E. not being known by the people. Studies of Arianism. I have also had the opportunity of having the volume described to me by the Nazarenes of Beroea. 359. The Hebrew itself has been preserved until the present day in the library at Caesarea which Pamphilus so diligently gathered. also called Levi. 360 A. it has been resolved that it should be removed and that in future there should be no mention whatever of essence in regard to God.

It appears also from the fact that he [Origen] went to Antioch. but it is certain that he continued a Christian until the very end of his life. Ammonius made Matthew the basis of his work. a talented man of great philosophical learning. he undertook the work of instructing the Catechetes in the scattered churches of Alexandria. of Ponticus the Proselyte. going to Palestine to visit the holy places. with his six brothers and widowed mother. and seventh translation. but. who was so wildly enraged at him that he wrote everywhere to injure his reputation. [The first notable Harmony of the Gospels was integrated by Ammonius of Alexandria. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . sixth. When only eighteen years old. afterwards followed. Who is there. Afterwards appointed by Demetrius. bishops of Caesarea and Jerusalem. he learned the Hebrew language. and by his arrangement destroyed the continuity of the separate narratives. by Riddle M. that contrary to the spirit of his time. and a woman religiously disposed. a fifth. iv. on the request of Mammaea. on “Augustine’s Harmony Of The Gospels”] Chapter LIV. mother of the Emperor Alexander. while he did make such divisions. but little attention was paid to it until an edition by Moesinger appeared in 1876”). Tregelles (in the new edition of Horne's Introduction. by way of Palestine. p. now lost]. The commentary was translated into Latin in 1841. Sometime afterwards. D. and the Gospel canons. at the same time. in poverty. but has been lost. and compared with What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. on account of the churches of Achaia. has enabled Zahn to reconstruct a large part of the text. surnamed Adamantius. which he worked out. and was there held in great honour. he was journeying to Athens. It is known that before he [Demetrius] went to Caesarea. those bearing his name are to be attributed to Eusebius (see below). Porphyry falsely accused him of having become a heathen again. How great the glory of Origen was. after being a Christian.] Heraclas became bishop of the church of Alexandria. appears from the fact that Firmilianus. and which Eusebius of Caesarea. bishop of Caesarea. under the authority of an ecclesiastical letter. bishop of this city. and to his mother. And besides these. a persecution having been raised against the Christians in the tenth year of Severus Pertinax. who was the first among the Roman rulers. was distinguished at Alexandria. who continued to wear his [Demetrius] philosopher's garb. 40) says that Tatian’s work “had more effect apparently in the text of the Gospels in use throughout the Church than all the designed falsifications of Marcion…” The Harmony of the Gospels. Corruptions in the received text of the Gospel of Mark are probably due to the confusion of the separate narratives occasioned by Tatian's Diatessaron (“the discovery of an Armenian translation of a commentary upon the Diatessaron. ORIGEN. Among many and distinguished monuments of his genius. letters which are still extant [at the time in which Jerome wrote this]. he offended Demetrius. Until recently. and Theodotian the Ebonite.. for their property had been confiscated because of confessing Christ.AMMONIUS. sought a visit from him. to become a Christian. and Symmachus an adherent of the same sect who wrote commentaries also on the gospel according to Matthew. namely.D. [So. is the elaborate work which he composed On the harmony of Moses and Jesus. he flourished many years. [being] his [Demetrius] assistant in the school for catechetes. [with the] trader bishop Zephyrinus. that of Aquila. by Ephraem the Syrian. and of his people. the teacher of Origen. and taking the Septuagint translation. from which he tried to establish his doctrine. was left at the age of about seventeen. he [Demetrius] had been at Rome. B. Armonia). Introductory Essay. vol. which were torn with many heresies. and sent letters to the Emperor Philip. with all the Cappadocian bishops. successor to the presbyter Clement. It appeared about A. and entertained him for a long while. who does not also know that he was so assiduous in the study of Holy Scriptures. 220. his work bears this title for the first time (Gk. he [Firmilianus] came to Caesarea and was instructed at length by Origen in the Holy Scriptures. Immediately on his [Demetrius] return to Alexandria he [Demetrius] made Heraclas the presbyter. it was supposed that the sections into which some early MSS divide the Gospels were those of Ammonius himself. and his father Leonidas having received the crown of martyrdom for Christ. When he had already reached middle life. after Demetrius. he sought out with great diligence. which we also have from his library [in Jerome’s days.80 - . and having been ordained presbyter by Theoctistus and Alexander. he gathered the other translations also in a single work.

Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .D. Origen. and secondly. were sent to different ones. twenty-five books. that is. was invited by the bishop of Jerusalem and the bishop of Caesarea to lecture in the churches on the Scriptures. not failing however. And since I have given a list of his works. Also On discrepancies between the Gospels." which indicate the parallelisms of the sections. the same bishops ordained him a presbyter without consulting Origen's own bishop. and died at Tyre. until his sixty-ninth year. And if it is such joy to have one epistle of a martyr how much more to have so many thousand lines which seem to me to be traced in his blood. a layperson. other brief works On the martyrs.--the persecution in which Fabianus. bishop of the Roman church. and Alexander and Babylas. three books On the life of Pamphilus. Church history ten books. and an Epitome of this last. These. Chapter LXXV. On Isaiah. ten books. and from his six volumes in behalf of the same Origen. Chapter LXXXI. perished at Rome. I have twenty-five volumes of Commentaries of Origen. About 230. Preparations for the Gospel fifteen books. and soul. clearly indicating that Matthew’s original manuscript of his gospel did not contained any trinitarian end”. On the twelve prophets which I hug and guard with such joy. He wrote an Apology for Origen before Eusebius had written his and was put to death at Caesarea in Palestine in the persecution of Maximinus. who was mad against the religion of Philip. Dr. and in some other editions [“they appear as an appendix in the critical text of Nestle." 1994. Microsoft Encarta]. in a letter which I wrote against the works of Varro. If any one wishes to know what was done in regard to the position of Origen. how that he understood dialectics.81 - . grammar. and rhetoric. Microsoft Encarta)]. Demetrius of Alexandria. were imprisoned for their confession of Christ. music. 1994. in which city he also was buried. who was writing at that same time in Sicily as some think. He lived until the time of Gallus and Volusianus. PAMPHILUS the presbyter. that I deem myself to have the wealth of Croesus. Pontifs of the churches of Jerusalem and Antioch. which after the persecution. It is unnecessary to speak of the cruelty of that persecution which was raised against the Christians and under Decius. Demetrius objected. also one book of Topics. EUSEBIUS bishop of Caesarea in Palestine was diligent in the study of Divine Scriptures and with Pamphilus the martyr a most diligent investigator of the Holy Bible. D.other editions. as well as geometry. arithmetic. exceedingly learned Commentaries on one hundred and fifty Psalms. to make mention of his immortal genius. the first forbidding Origen to teach there and the second depriving him of his priesthood. was so inflamed with love of sacred literature. patron of Eusebius bishop of Caesarea. he can clearly learn. corresponding to the threefold division of the person into body. also Against Porphyry. These sections and canons are printed in Tischendorf's critical editions of the Greek Testament. and the crowds which flocked to him were marvellous. that he transcribed him greater part of the works of Origen with his own hand and these are still preserved in the library at Caesarea. written in his hand. in such wise that he had also diligent students in secular literature. called "Canons. and two synods were held at Alexandria. Origen He taught the principle of the threefold sense. and many others. and taught all the schools of philosophers. He flourished chiefly in the reigns of Constantine the Great and Constantius. His surname Pamphilus arose from his friendship for Pamphilus the martyr. I pass this by now. first indeed from his own epistles. adding to them numbers from 1 to 10. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Theophany five books. [“Visiting in Palestine in 216. 340) adopted a similar set of divisions for the gospels [like Ammonius’]. from the sixth book of the church history of Eusebius of Caesarea. Chronicle of Universal history. He published a great number of volumes among which are the following: Demonstrations of the Gospel twenty books. he might establish them in the faith of Christ. he received in the hope that through the instrumentality of this secular literature. [Eusebius of Caesarea (died A. [Pamphilus had an extensive library. six books of Apology for Origen. and lectured to them daily. in the volumes of letters which I have written to Paula. spirit. whom he had slain. he taught also that the Son is subordinate to the Father in power and dignity” ("Origen. which was then a common concept.

311) to the time of his writing as 648. which was in the hands of his contemporary Ephraim. hopes. one of the twelve apostles. but Eusebius often accepts a parallelism where there is really none whatever. according to some old Alexandrian custom. In citing the Gospels. Lewis. also many other works which are diligently read by those of his party. wrote. as it is in the case of Mt. B. He What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and is held in detestation because. The first ten form a group by themselves. /////////// APHRAHAT In citing the Old Testament. In the rest of the New Testament. containing only part of a verse [but this last observation also can be the original briefness and integrity of older texts from which Eusebius was quoting. we can only say that he must have had before him a text which diverged not seldom from the Peshitto. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Aphraatis) the Persian Sage.Cruz]. Bishop of Mar Mathai] follows the Peshitto rather than the Greek. during the reign of Constantius. D. The influence of this system seems to have been great. published in the reign of the emperor Constantius commentaries On Matthew and John. On the Epistles and On the Psalter. He taught in the reigns of the emperor Severus and Antoninus surnamed Caracalla. and which is known to have circulated largely in the East until far on in the following century. With each of these last. as appears from their titles… At the end of section 5 of his Demonstration V (Concerning Wars). each of them beginning with the letter to which it corresponds in order. THEODORUS. Introductory Essay. from the time of Mark the evangelist the ecclesiastics were always doctors. however. bishop of Aquilia during the reign of Constantius. where.. The Reformation gave a new impulse to this department of Biblical study. The Harmony of the Gospels.82 - . nor yet does he uniformly agree with the Curetonian. was of so great prudence and erudition both in scripture and secular literature that. composed brief Commentaries on the gospels arranged by chapters. PANTAENUS. Many of his commentaries on Holy Scripture are indeed extant. on the request of the legates of that nation. when Liberius bishop of Rome was driven into exile for the faith. but not seldom departs from both. Aphrahat “Demonstrations” are 22 in number. and duties. he was sent to India by Demetrius bishop of Alexandria.C.. or with the probably earlier form of the Syriac Gospel recently discovered by Mr. Some of the sections are very brief. his text has many points of coincidence. Sometimes. Chapter XC. On the Gospels and On the Psalms. bishop of Heraclea in Thrace. It cannot be claimed for the Peshitto that he always or even usually follows its text. and are somewhat earlier in date than those which follow: they deal with Christian graces. Chapter XCVII FORTUNATIANUS. where he found that Bartholomew. he seems sometimes to follow the Diatessaron. the supernaturalism of the dominant theology was not favourable to historical investigation.. Chapter XXXVI. commentaries On the Epistle to the Romans. by Riddle M. on “Augustine’s Harmony Of The Gospels”] Chapter XCIV. his references seem to be to the separate Gospels as commodity read. ASTERIUS.. had preached the advent of the Lord Jesus according to the gospel of Matthew. it deals little with chronological questions. Aphrahat [Aphraates (Pharhad. These are written in a polished and clear style and show an excellent historical sense. an African by birth. a philosopher of the stoic school. But the undisputed reign of the Textus Receptus impeded investigation. and shows no trace of such complete textual labour as that of Eusebius. who is Jacob or “James the Wise”. and he shows a knowledge of the Chaldee Paraphrase. he was induced by the urgency of Fortunatianus to subscribe to heresy. and on his return to Alexandria he brought this with him written in Hebrew characters. after the number of the letters of the Syriac alphabet. a philosopher of the Arian party. but his living voice was of still greater benefit to the churches. Aphrahat reckons the years from the era of Alexander (B.. written in a rustic style. however. 28:19]… The work of Augustin comes next in order.

-before the composition of the earliest work of Ephraim of which the date can be determined with certainty. Prescribed in Edessa.as in Isaac’s works. None of the errors which so keen a critic as Georgius detected in its theology—even if we admit the justice of his censure—is such as to shock the orthodoxy of the fourth or fifth century. in the reign of Zeno (who died 491). Oblivion so long covered the name of Aphrahat. nor with any disputes more recent than those of the two previous centuries. and a beginning made of an Armenian sacred literature by the translation of the Scriptures into Armenian from the Syriac. he dates his writings by the years of the reign of the Persian King: the twenty-two were completed (he says) in the thirty-fifth. More fully. 441). the Armenian tongue was reduced to writing (in the characters then invested by Mesrob). and his province bordered on that which the Catholicus (as Metropolitan of Seleucia) held in his immediate jurisdiction. the twenty-third in the thirty-sixth of the reign of Sapor. It would be difficult. Among Syriac authors. Yet it is possible that theological prepossession may indirectly have brought about the disfavour or at least disuse into which the Demonstrations fell. and all the people of God who are in Seleucia and Ctesiphon. D. the supplementary discourse "Concerning the Grape" was written (as stated in XXIII. Thus. these quiet hortatory discourses. and provoked some prejudice which led to its practical suppression. in closing the alphabetic series (XXII. and their policy led them to promote the Syriac language and literature. and is occupied by the Metram (or Metropolitan) and a few monks. and in his time were “engrossing”. though ruinous. the centre of Syriac theology. to point out anything in it to which exception could be so seriously taken as to be a bar to its acceptance. The Bishop of Mar Mathai was Metropolitan of Nineveh. is tacit. Demonstration XIV is formally dated in its last section. This Isaac knew and imitated the works of Aphrahat.D. Finally. these discourses would be effectually checked in their circulation in all churches of Syriac-speaking Christendom that were anti-Nestorian. Aphrahat’s entire work was completed within nine years. is Isaac of Antioch. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Aphrahat directed his 14th dissertation to “the Bishops. 69) in July..” Of these the earlier at least were Christians. not far from what once was Nineveh and is now Mosul. To the remoteness of Aphrahat see.. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .83 - . The imitation. In an age of excited controversy.wrote therefore in A. an orthodox opponent and successor. as against the Greek. however. "in the month Shebat. the leading minds of Christendom. dealing with no burning question of the time. Priests and Deacons . 345. From and after the close of the fourth century “greater (i. however.-five years before the middle of the fourth century. on the precipitous mountain Elpheph (now Maklob) where it still stands. in the year 655 (that is. by Persian Kings. and ranked among the Bishops of “the East” only second to the Catholicus. A. the Persian. 25) he informs us that the above dates apply to the two groups-the first ten being written in 337.e. under the Catholicus Isaac (d. It is clear also that. Cyrus. until. As a Persian. that is. passages have been pointed out which are evidently borrowed with slight change from Aphrahat’s Demonstrations.” The monastery of Mar Mathai was on the eastern. [Aphrahat’s work]. the first to show an acquaintance with Aphrahat’s work. and the school was finally closed by the next Bishop. Aphrahat must have taken the Christian Scriptures and Christian theology into his inmost heart and understanding as every page of his writings attests. side of the Tigris. marked by no striking eloquence of style or subtlety of reasoning. from the centres of religious thought and controversy. in 344. and probably of the place of his obvious origin and abode. 344). These facts may well be supposed to have raised a prejudice against all writings coming from a Persian source… It is probable that his [Aphrahat] writings were read in that “School of the Persians”. 337-the year of the death of Constantine the Great. and Isaac nowhere names the work (or its author) whence he derived the illustrations and even the expressions he uses in treating of these topics. Eastern) Armenia was ruled as a dependency of Persia. at whatever age or under whatever circumstances he embraced Christianity. among their people. and that he himself may have studied them in early life. and is known by the name of Sheikh Matta. In Edessa there was an institution known as the “School of the Persians”… the Persian and others were expelled from Edessa by Nonnus. known as “the Great” (disciple of Zenobius of Edessa) whose literary activity belongs to the first half of the fifth century.D. is probably due the notable absence from these discourses of all reference to the theological questions that had employed. the twelve that follow.

tough much more perfect that any other creature. formulated by Athanasius) with the Father. and exists by the will of the Father. slender. Popular songs. Arius had recently written a long poem called Thalia – The Banquet – in a rhythmic meter ordinarily used for popular ballads.Aphrahat Syriac text. so long forgotten. and editor of Syriac documents. The Son. was attracted to the Arian doctrine. Lucian of Antioch." and ‘Athanasius. and afterwards Professor of Arabic in the University of Cambridge. the way was opened for the final victory of Nicene orthodoxy. To him is due the admirable “editio princeps” of the Syriac text of all the twenty-three Demonstrations (from the mss 14617 and 17182). who basically agreed with the Nicene Creed but were hesitant about the unscriptural term homoousios (consubstantial) used in the creed. or unlike (Greek anomoios). in the leadership of Syriac studies in England.’1994. since he was in the habit of putting his theology into poetry and chanting it to his enraptured congregants. Grand Rapids] /////////// ARIUS. Previously. B. Before the Great Persecution. the late Dr. cannot be God in the same sense that the Father is. When Bishop Peter fled the city. A native of Libya who studied at the theological school of Lucian of Antioch. Second Series. The bishops assembled there drafted a creed which stated that the Son of God was “begotten not made. Arius was finally exiled (325) to Illyria because of his beliefs. and the reign of Valens who persecuted the semi-Arians. The status of the new creed as dogma was confirmed by bans against the teaching of Arius. A Select Library Of Nicene And Post-Nicene Fathers Of The Christian Church. traveled quickly by sea. After he was ordained a priest in Alexandria. shortly after becoming bishop. to accomplish his desire of publishing it. “Arius. but debate over his doctrine soon engulfed the whole church and agitated it for more than half a century. singer. it survived for two centuries longer among the barbarian tribes that had been converted to Christianity by Arian bishops. [Schaff And Wace. The semi-Arians consisted mostly of conservative eastern bishops. In his youth. With the death of Constantius II. no creed had been universally accepted by all churches. Microsoft Encarta). The tall. issued in London. Jesus did not exist from all eternity. D. he remained behind…Arius had been a What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. like grain and news. Soon after. the bishop and theologian Eusebius of Nicomedia. or perhaps. Eerdmans Publishing Company. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . in 361. whose orthodoxy had also been questioned. Emperor Constantine I recalled Arius from exile about 334. Arius taught that God is unbegotten and without beginning. William Wright. Wm. recognized by Emperor Theodosius in 379 and reaffirmed at the second ecumenical council (Constantinople) held in 381 ("Arianism. Constantius II. one should say. but bequeathed that task to his still more eminent successor. Despite its condemnation. in the area of the Five Cities. “of the same substance”.84 - . Arius became involved (319) in a controversy with his bishop Alexander concerning the divinity of Christ. a priest of about sixty. 1869. He did not live. According to the bishop. gray-haired man was a famous speaker. then assistant keeper of mss in the British Museum. It was already chanted in port cities all around the eastern Mediterranean. during the terror. was first discovered among the mss of the great Nitrian collection in the British Museum. Cureton. The teaching of Arius was condemned in 325 at the first ecumenical council at Nicaea. XIII.” and consubstantial (Greek homoousios. whose name is so honourably known as a great Syriac scholar. The neo-Arians said that the Son was of a different essence (Greek heteroousios) from. Although his doctrine was eventually outlawed (379) throughout the Roman Empire by Emperor Theodosius I. his talent for vivid imagery and music had become part of the problem. Alexander had licensed him to preach at a church in the Baucalis district near the Great Harbor and to look after the district’s residents. by Dr. however. he had come to Alexandria to pursue a religious vocation. By 359 Arianism had prevailed and was the official faith of the empire. Vol. later patriarch of Constantinople. because he is begotten. Under the influence of the Greek church historian Eusebius of Caesarea. the teaching of Arius did not die. become an Arian leader. had been born in Libya. In 314. offering priestly services to parishioners and to Christians held in prison at considerable risk of himself. and he had reportedly behaved bravely. two influential people came to the support of Arianism: The next emperor. the Father. he is a creature. Arius had studied Christian theology with the famous teacher and martyr.

And taught of God. and the Son was not always. God's prudent ones. And since his departure. published by Quasten. foreign in essence from the Father. D. alterable. An Athanasus’ excerpt appeared in his Oration Against the Arians. the accounts of his teachings are based on reports by others – most of them his theological enemies”. but called so as others by participation.successful minister. Patrology. so the Word of God Himself was 'made out of nothing. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . but afterwards He became a Father.' but He as others 'had an origin of creation. God's Holy Spirit receiving. 52-53). One equal to Himself The Father is not able. When Jesus Became God.. 245 (notes 53 and 57)] Four Discourses Against The Arians. THALIA …The Father made the Son. with like opinions. He was greatly admired for his personal purity as well as for his preaching and was a particular favorite of the sailors.' and 'He was not before His origination. The Son knows not All that the Father knows… [We include next other fragments of the Thalia. Extracts From The Thalia Of Arius.' 'The Son was not always. the Son is what he is. Accomplished. I have acquired wisdom and knowledge. can make. 12. The Father is the higher. and young women who flocked his church. D. pp. but 'once God was alone.: Chapter II. dockworkers. In Rubenstein’s quotation of the Thalia he replaced several antique Athanasian words with modern synonyms.85 - . 55. Holy children. “Since Arius’ writings were lost or destroyed. R.. The church’s sodality of virgins…protested in public when he was ordered to leave the city by Bishop Alexander. and not yet a Father. Sozomen and by Socrates Scolasticus. He was created. The Father and His Son.' and 'once He was not. The Son was not before he came to pass. And at his Father’s will. I the very famous. As He is which He is: The Father! The Father knows the Son. Arius maintains that God became a Father. named Wisdom and Word after God's attributes. not very God. one out of many powers of God. 1999. The Father was. the priest’s partisans among the young men had clashed incessantly with Alexander’s supporters” (Rubenstein.' What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. E.. no doubt biased. Have I learned this from the partakers of wisdom. A beginning of things He made on earth. He was not before his generation. the much suffering for God's glory. and wise in all things. Both have a different glory. When Jesus Became God. exalted on God's foreknowledge of what He was to be. One equal to the Son The Father yes. pp. made that He might make us. and all existing creatures and works were made. Next is our version of an excerpt on Arius’ poem. Now the commencement of Arius's Thalia… runs thus:-'According to faith of God's elect. and changed the order of the quotations for clarity. written by Athanasius between 356 And 360 A.' for. divinely taught. as quoted by Athanasius. the Son out of nothing. once He was not.' And…:--'God was not always a Father. whereas all things were made out of nothing. rightly dividing. Along their track. Harcourt. have I been walking. 5.

at Constantinople. and imitating in the Thalia no grave writer. Arianism. however. History Of Arian Opinions. nor the Wisdom.' The others are many and are like the Son. at the same place.: Part II. so the Word Himself is alterable. when. 10. and that the Son again. as partaking of it.' In like manner. did God bring it to pass that He being such. and next. after his expulsion. 359 A. because the divine Scriptures nowhere use it of Father and Son”). but. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . had its existence in Wisdom.' and 'Once He was not. corrections by Eusebius and others. which afterwards. at Seleucia. in His own nature. at Sirmium. Then. Arius's own sentiments. is not the true power of God.' but belongs to things originated and created.. his Thalia and Letter to S. wishing to form us. tenth. The Unbegun made the Son a beginning of things originated.' he says. when it is His Will. eleventh. first. and gives offence as being misconceived by the people. he writes at great length. and called Him His Son. We praise Him as without beginning because of Him who has a beginning. He can alter as we can. capable.. as being of an alterable nature. not merely the power. when he says.' saith he. fourth. and is not contained in the Scriptures. seventh. and remains good by His own free will. as all others. God Himself then. ninth..' And by nature. third.' but 'by participation of grace. 8.' and 'He is alterable. …The use of certain phrases of divine Scripture changes. He wills. and advanced What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.Councils Of Ariminum And Seleucia Written by Athanasius. the attribute co-existent with God. because of Him who in time has come to be. 'For Wisdom. And Ingenerate we call Him.' saith he. And adore Him as everlasting. should come to be.. by Theophronius. he says that there are two wisdoms. did God by anticipation bestow on Him this glory. sent to Constans in Gaul. The Importance Of The Subject. first Creed of Arians at the Dedication of Antioch. letter of the Council of Jerusalem. For 'therefore. is named Word and Son according to grace… there are many powers. of altering. so too is 'the Word alien and unlike in all things to the Father's essence and propriety... …what have these persons to shew us from the infamous Thalia ?.. because of Him who is generate by nature.' Accordingly. in their [Arius’ et al] opinion. was alone. Equal or like Himself He alone has none. and eighth also.. …if He [Jesus] be… God from God… is it not becoming to obliterate and blot out… that Arian Thalia ?… De Synodis -. The Arians rely on state patronage. 'The Lord of hosts' or 'powers. as given above in 8 (“the term 'essence. added to after 361 A. D. he drew up his heresy upon paper. that it be never in any case used of God again. and named Him Word and Wisdom and Son. However. second. fifth. whereas all beings are foreign and different from God in essence.'For God. that He might form us by means of Him.[affirms that Jesus] is a creature with a beginning. one of the so-called powers… is called in Scripture. D. sixth. for instance as follows:-Blasphemies of Arius. as others. on the other hand. but the 'great power.. in the dissolute tone of his metre. that in this wisdom the Son was originated. is ineffable by all men.' has been adopted by the Fathers in simplicity. that there is another Word in God besides the Son. the Macrostich sent into Italy. Word of God is one of the creatures.' Accordingly they were expelled from the Church by the blessed Alexander. 15. thereupon He made a certain one. one of which is God's own by nature and eternal. Arius and those with him thought and professed thus: 'God made the Son out of nothing. the blasphemy of the Thalia into reverent language… 9.' And.86 - . and dare not avow their tenets. and was only named Wisdom and Word as partaking of it. 'by the will of the wise God.' 6. Moreover he [Arius] has dared to say. 'as foreknowing that He would be good. he says. or one in glory. while He chooseth. it has seemed good to remove it. extracts from the works of Asterius. He attained from virtue. but that Christ. that 'the Word is not the very God'… He is not very God. as man. and is one of these… Chapter III. and the Word as yet was not. Alexander. when he was with Eusebius and his fellows. at Antioch. but the Egyptian Sotades [Sotadus]. Thus in consequence of His works foreknown. D. and of them David speaks in the Psalms. Lucian's on the same occasion.

356).D. One equal to the Son. 8. unspeakable. similar in its style and metres to the songs of Sotades. the Son endures to see the Father. at the will of the Father… De Decretis Or Defense Of The Nicene Definition. how by the Son is seen the Invisible. For He is not equal. Hence the Son.Him as a Son to Himself by adoption. or superior. 356). from A. being Son. The Letter of the Synod. a Roman city built on the site of the ancient Shechem. addressed to the bishops of his Province after his expulsion by Syrianus (Feb.D. before it was in existence. West Bank). Justin was beheaded during the reign of the Roman emperor Marcus Aurelius What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and like Eusebius and his fellows.. XVII]. but one more excellent. …The council excommunicated Arius and his adherents. resembling in license Sotadus. The Ecclesiastical History. as also a work entitled "Thalia.. and prohibited his entering Alexandria. the Father was God. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .D. which Arius too in ballads. then they have this remaining plea. He is not able. nor one in essence with Him. written by Athanasius (A. by that power by which God sees. For He is to Himself what He is.. …It should be observed moreover that Arius had written a treatise on his own opinion which he entitled Thalia: but the character of the book is loose and dissolute. relative to its Decisions: and the Condemnation of Arius and those who agreed with him. and one of the earliest apologists of the Christian church. fabled… Ad Episcopos Aegypti Et Libyae. D. His study of the Old and New Testaments caused him to convert to Christianity. His Writings Are To Be Burnt. While they are friends of Arius. is God Only-begotten. and in His own measure. Book I: [The work before us seems to have been commenced about the year 443. The words in which his opinions were couched were likewise condemned. Certain Of The High Priests Differ From The Council. for He is without beginning. in Samaria. 323 to A. no. This production also the Synod condemned at the same time… /////////// JUSTIN MARTYR (circa 100-circa 165). he really existed. The Condemnation Of His Followers. Epistola Encyclica. God is ineffable to His Son. Chapter IV. from that time He has subsisted from God… To speak in brief.What The Council Determined About Arius [The Council Convened At Nicaea On Account Of Arius. for He is the teacher of Wisdom. It is generally admitted to have suffered many alterations and mutilations] Chapter XXI. And when and since He was. -. and in his own Thalia. I will say it expressly. It follows at once that. namely. Foreign from the Son in essence is the Father. I have not read this book. they would have expunged from their list of books the Thalia of Arius… The Ecclesiastical History Of Salaminius Hermias Sozomenus [Sozomen]. Wisdom existed as Wisdom by the will of the Wise God… Understand that He is conceived to be Radiance and Light. and thereafter he strove by his teachings and writings to bring others to the truths he had discovered.. written by Athanasius between 346 and his flight in 356: … when they are beaten hence. though the Sire [Son] was not. that is. By Socrates Scholasticus. philosopher. not being (for He existed at the will of the Father). or greater. 20." which he had written on the subject. in vain their moderate words: …Had the opinions they have put in writing been orthodox. It embraces a period of 117 years. the Superior is able to beget. His parents were pagans. and to the Son He is invisible..87 - . according to Chap. Book I: Chapter IX.. as is lawful… One more glorious than the other in their glories unto immensity. Chapter II. Understand that the Monad was. At God's will the Son is what and whatsoever He is. theologian. There is full proof that God is invisible to all beings. He has nothing proper to God in proper subsistence. Wise is God. who sought to reconcile Christian doctrine and pagan culture. are in these great straits. but the Dyad was not. He was born in Flavia Neapolis (now Nabulus. both to things which are through the Son. but I understand that it is of a loose character. notably the writings of Plato and the Stoic philosophers. 439. As a young man Justin devoted himself to the study of Greek philosophy.

and I was led to put faith in these by the unpretending cast of the language. A Book of Problems (explaining what seemed obscure in the Old Testament). and my soul being taught of God. 1994. In English idiom it would be represented by our word “Harmony. through four notes. when Agostino Ciasca. and too divine to be compared with their errors.” This MS Ciasca selected for translation. was a pupil of Justin Martyr who lived by 114 to 165 A. replacing them by [newer] copies of the four evangelists. Jerome. dying at Edessa. D… [a work that until quite recently was supposed to be lost]… the Diatessaron… [which] means. one of the Guild of Writers to the Vatican.. about 420 A. and could obtain it for him. On the Arabic Version of Tatian’s Diatessaron. the foreknowledge displayed by future events. A Collection of the Epistles of St. by Dr. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . It was doubtless written in Syriac and therefore inaccessible to Greek and Latin churches.) compiled… about the year 130 to 150 A. Still the MS itself remained in Arabic. and what is His work.. near the Euphrates. though he had not seen it. which comprise an erudite defense of Christians against charges of atheism and sedition in the Roman state. Bullinger (Things to Come. one produced by means of the four…” In Tatian’s work An Address to Greeks he writes that he was an “initiate” of the ancient “mysteries. he says.e. D. e. “The Diatessaron Gospel is said to have been composed by Tatian. evidently a copy of the same work as “MS xiv. I Tatian… have composed for you. Paul (some eleven “fragments” of these.” but that he was shocked by “demons” instigating to the perpetration of evil. having been first instructed in your doctrines. Funk & Wagnall's Corporation). I discerned that the former class of writings [the Greek philosophies and mythologies] lead to condemnation. and while I was giving my most earnest attention to the matter. On Animals. Of Perfection According to the Saviour. the excellent quality of the precepts. speaks of having collected and put away some 200 copies of the Diatessaron. I present myself to you prepared for an examination concerning my doctrines. and afterwards in those which I now undertake to proclaim. pp. The books that are ascribed to him with certainty are the two Apologies for the Christians. and the declaration of the government of the universe as centered in one Being.” His address concludes thus “These things. while it was being used in the Syrian Churches to the exclusion of the separate gospels… In the Vatican Library is an Arabic MS numbered xiv. 1886. the promised MS arrived in Rome. which professes to be the record of an actual discussion at Ephesus. while I adhere immoveably to that mode of life which is according to God” [the names of other works of Tatian have come down to us. 46-48)] Tatian was received into the church of Rome.. just as diapason means through all. who said he had seen one like it in Egypt. /////////// TATIAN’S DIATESSARON. “by myself.. In music. which some call according to the Hebrews” (Cap. D. I was born in the land of the Assyrians. i.. and T. examined it and published an essay on it in Paris.” i. xlvi. Visitor Apostolic to the Catholic Copts. 110-180. entitled.D. all eight notes. How wondrous thus to hear of the power of God’s Word!] too old to be compared with the opinions of the Greeks. and others.D. The latter MS distinctly states that it was translated What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. are given in vol.) says. Epiphanius in his work on Heresies (about 374 A.88 - . Bishop of Cyrus. and the Dialogue with Trypho the Jew. “retiring”. Theodoret. Henceforward. I happened to meet with certain barbaric writings [the books of the Hebrew Old Testament. History (iv. and rescue us from a multiplicity of rulers and ten thousand tyrants. untranslated. xlii of T.g. 325) in his Ecc. but that these put an end to the slavery that is in the world. Ethelbert W.because he refused to offer sacrifice to the pagan gods. In August. His writings are valuable for the information they give about the 2nd-century Christian church (Justin Martyr. 1(2):30-31.e. the inartificial character of the writers. In 1886 Ciasca happened to show the MS to Antonio Moreos. Microsoft Encarta. as preserved in quotations by Irenaeus.D. I). Clement of Alexandria. and was used of the octave). Eusebius (A. one through four (is the technical term in music for the interval of the fourth. through four. knowing who God is. Clark’s Ante-Nicene Christian Library. I sought how I might be able to discover the truth. 1894) “Tatian…(A. But no one knew anything of it until 1883. 29) speaks of the Diatessaron. i.e. and in 1888 he published a Latin Translation of it in honour of the Pope’s Jubilee.D. Tessares means four. O Greeks.” when we speak of “a harmony of the four gospels.

"It happens. B. The Epistle What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. [The letter on Chapter 36 also appeared in the book “Testimonies Of The Ancients In Favor Of Eusebius”. in virtue of this letter. therefore. J. which throws so much light upon the information possessed by Christians of the second century. through the favoring providence of God our Saviour [God the Saviour]. highly requisite. had been impelled by a sense of religion to abandon their past idolatry.. Chapter XXXVI. Book I. which the emperor wrote in acknowledgment. the inhabitants of which had been more than commonly devoted to superstition. therefore. Book IV. This fact is attested by another letter. EVER careful for the welfare of the churches of God. on his arrival here. Abû-l-Faraj. around which so many controversies have revolved. to Eusebius. Book I. It seems. that the number of churches should also he increased. the emperor addressed me personally in a letter on the means of providing copies of the inspired oracles. receive with all readiness my determination on this behalf. the great and the victorious]. I have thought it expedient to instruct your Prudence to order fifty copies [volumes] of the sacred Scriptures [of the Holy Scriptures]. D. since that city is rapidly advancing in prosperity in all other respects. SUCH were the emperor's commands. by Socrates Scholasticus. which has been in its entirety so singularly recovered in our own day. in which the word “catholicus” is translated as “financial agent”. in which the word “catholicus” is translated “procurator”. died in that year. and T.89 - . Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Chapter 9”. "Victor Constantinus. beloved brother!" Chapter XXXVII. as the translator. Maximus Augustus [Constantinus Augustus. Hill concludes by saying “has been a subject of interest to Christians of every age since it was first written. and respecting Copies of the Holy Scriptures. portable form [handy].. which we sent him in magnificent and elaborately bound volumes of a threefold and fourfold form. Chapter XV. and also on the subject of the most holy feast of Easter. That he wrote to Eusebius respecting Easter. Clark.from the Syriac into Arabic. How the Copies were provided. the provision and use of which you know to be most needful for the instruction of the [congregation of the] Church. You have authority also. and in the book “The Ecclesiastical History. God preserve you. to use two of the public carriages for their conveyance. and published by T. entitled Tatian’s Diatessaron and the Modern Critics)”. by professional [skilled] transcribers [calligraphers] thoroughly practiced in their art. and one of the deacons of your church may be intrusted with this service [Appoint one of the deacons of your church to take charge of this part of the business]. who. by which arrangement the copies when fairly written will most easily be forwarded for my personal inspection. Mr. and it will be for you to take special care that they be completed with as little delay as possible [within a short space of time]. and which at the same time possesses a national interest” (an account of the Diatessaron has been written by the Pastor William Elliot of Plymouth.D. in which. Do you. which were followed by the immediate execution of the work itself. he testified his joy.D. Hamlyn Hill. Chapter XXXIV. to be written on prepared [fine] parchment in a legible manner. financial agent) of the diocese has also received instructions by letter from our Clemency to be careful to furnish all things necessary for the preparation of such copies. This must have been before 1043 A. Constantine' s Letter to Eusebius on the Preparation of Copies of the Holy Scriptures. that great numbers have united themselves to the most holy church in the city which is called by my name [which bears our name]. The catholicus (procurator. and approval of their conduct. /////////// Book: “The Life Of The Blessed Emperor Constantine”. by Eusebius Pamphilus. and also in the book: “The Ecclesiastical History Of Theodoret”. having heard that the city Constantia in our country. Tatian’s work has been translated into English with a valuable and elaborate introduction and appendix by the Rev. shall experience my liberality [he shall receive proofs of our benevolence]. and in a convenient.

the intermediate portions being omitted. those common to Matthew. those common to Matt. II. and John. VII. with the letter to Carpianus prefixed. as Questions and Solutions on the Genealogy of our Saviour (twn ei “thn genealogian tou swthro” hmwn zhthmatwn kai lusewn). The commission was carefully executed. we learn from the opening of the second work. those peculiar to each Gospel: first to Matthew. those common to Luke and Mark. he will now proceed to consider questions concerning the latter part of them. He thus seems to regard the two works as in a sense forming parts of one whole. It has been thought that among our extant MSS may be some of these copies which were produced under Eusebius' supervision. chap. in which. The canons. IV. those common to Matt. those common to Matthew and Luke. of the fifth column of the Hexapla… These editions of the LXX. VIII. “Eusebius Caesariensis composuit librum solutionis contradictionum evangelii. 72. third to Luke. Ammonius of Alexandria. The first work consisted of two books. 54 sq. and Scrivener’s Introduction to the Criticism of the New Testament. are given to Migne. Critical And Exegetical Works. but this is extremely improbable (see Lightfoot.g. An inconvenient feature of Ammonius' work was that only the Gospel of Matthew could be read continuously. He made a table of ten canons. the sequence of the other Gospels being broken in order to bring their parallel sections into the order followed by Matthew. Eusebius. 16. V. 37. Part II. V. the Emperor wrote to Eusebius. or of two separate works combined. as he tells us in his epistle to Carpianus. According to the Vita Const. vers. passages common to all four Gospels.. 334) Ten Evangelical Canons. that is. and the sections and canons are still indicated in the margins of many of our best Greek Testaments (e. and is referred to by Eusebius in his Dem. The first bears the title Gospel Questions and Solutions addressed to Stephanus (pro “Stefanon peri twn en euaggelioi” zhthmatwn kai lusewn). each containing a list of passages as follows: Canon I. taking Matthew as the standard. III. in librum Paralip. those common to Luke and John. and John. with the Letter to Carpianus prefixed (kanones deka. and the MSS prepared at great cost. 3. 334 sq. and in all probability before 307. In later years we find Eusebius again engaged in the publication of copies of the Scriptures. Ebedjesu also remarks. Chapter II. In that passage. constructed his work on a different principle. In his de vir ill.. and John. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . when Pamphilus suffered martyrdom. 36. (Theodoret’s translations are merged in Eusebius’ text using brackets [ ] )] /////////// Book: “The Life And Writings Of Eusebius Of Caesarea”. he refers to Eusebius’ libri diafwnia euaggeliwn. Opera. Canones decem harmoniae evangeliorum pr'missa ad Carpianum epistola). Jerome mentions among the writings of Eusebius one On the Discrepancy of the Gospels (De Evangeliorum Diaphonia). Eusebius' work was suggested by this Harmony. We learn from Jerome (Pr'f. in Matt. those common to Matt. when he was imprisoned (see Lardner's Credibility. 81. early in the third century had constructed a harmony of the Gospels. asking him to prepare fifty sumptuous copies of the Scriptures for use in his new Constantinopolitan churches. p. Gospel Questions and Solutions. I. VII. The Writings Of Eusebius. There can be no doubt that the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. according to the announcement of Latino Latini. The second part is entitled Gospel Questions and Solutions addressed to Marinus (pro Marinon). Eusebius says that having discussed there the difficulties which beset the beginning of the Gospels. IV. p.. see Lightfoot’s article on Eusebius. p. must have been issued before the year 309. IX. IV.” but nothing more has been heard or seen of this Sicilian ms. he placed alongside of that Gospel the parallel passages from the three others. Mark. Evang. “libri tres Eusebii Caesariensis de Evangeliorum diaphonia.) that Eusebius and Pamphilus published a number of copies of Origen's edition of the LXX. This work consists of two parts. and in his Comm.. X. referring to the previous work.90 - . desiring to remedy this defect. Mark. chap. D. 1275–1292. Luke. and fourth to John… It has indeed never been superseded. VI. Biblical Texts. and Mark.of Constantine concerning the preparation of copies of the Holy Scriptures. those common to Matt. 2d ed.” In the sixteenth century there were found in Sicily. and Luke. second to Mark. in those of Tregelles and of Tischendorf)… For further particulars in regard to them.

the second edition being a revised abridgement of the first. Ep. Copyright (c) 1994 Microsoft Corporation. D. The first edition. who are addressed by Eusebius in terms of affection and respect. which displays neither the wide learning. reprinted by Migne. 879–1016). while in the epitome of the latter work (Quaest. Eusebius was averse to discussing “the nature of the trinity” and preferred the simple language of the Scriptures to “the subtleties of metaphysical distinctions” ["Eusebius of Caesarea. which it is difficult to see how the author could have avoided making if a persecution were in progress while he was writing. ad Pammachium.. Commentary on the First Epistle to the Corinthians. with Lightfoot. no hint of a persecution. VII.. A confirmation of this early date may be found in the extreme simplicity of the exegesis. as given by Matthew and Luke. Copyright (c) 1994 Funk & Wagnall's Corporation”] /////////// “First Book Against Eusebius of Caesarea's “Apology for Origen” ”. The first work devoted chiefly to a discussion of the genealogies of Christ. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . and the word diafwnia occurs frequently. must have been published before the Demonstratio Evangelica. so far as I have discovered. Antipater. Opera. §3 (Migne’s ed. We cannot fix the date of the epitome. for the discrepancies in the Gospels occupy a considerable space in the Questions and Solutions as we have it. and we know of it only from a reference in Jerome’s Ep. IV. at least of the Qeaestions ad Stephanum. nor the profound study that mark the commentaries on the Psalms and on Isaiah. In the epitome the work addressed to Stephanus consists of sixteen chapters. but considerable fragments of it exist and have been published by Mai (Bibl." Microsoft (R) Encarta. VI. IV. Eusebius does not always reach a solution of the difficulties. Didymus. Apollinaris latissime hanc Epistolam interpretati sunt. The work addressed to Marinus consists of only four chapters. VII. This can be satisfactorily explained only by supposing. Dionysius. and that then Eusebius inserted this reference to the Demonstratio. We are thus led to assume two editions of this work. Nova Patrum. for the reason that there appears in the work. having searched out and traced back all the books and writings of the more ancient writers. This work is no longer extant. reprinted by Migne. 529–606). 159 sq. but an epitome of it was discovered and published by Mai. The question as to the date of the work is complicated by the fact that there is in the Dem. Eusebius Caesariensis. This work is no longer extant. §7) there is a distinct reference to the Demonstratio Evang. 217 sq. The date of the commentary cannot be fixed with certainty. there are many passages which seem to have been taken from a commentary on Matthew (see notes of the editor). The complete work is no longer extant. Evang. no reference is made to the triumph gained by the Church in the victories of Constantine. A number of extracts from the work are found in Eusebius’ Theophania (see Mai’s introduction to his fragments of the latter work). 3 a reference to the Questions and Solutions addressed to Stephanus. and the one book addressed to Marinus.. nor of the Quaestiones ad Marinum. The work purports to have been written in answer to questions and difficulties suggested by Stephanus and Marinus. and further. the second work deals with the apparent discrepancies between the accounts of the resurrection as given by the different evangelists. but his work is suggestive and interesting. Although the fragments are all drawn from Catenae on Luke. Commentary on Luke (ei to kata Loukan euallelion). and having set forth the opinions of almost all of them… Eusebius would not What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.work referred to under the title De Evangeliorum Diaphonia is identical with the Gospel Questions and Solutions. Opera. and the division into two books is not retained. 49): “Origenes. but I am inclined to place it before the persecution of Diocletian. Pierius. IV. together with numerous fragments of the unabridged work. Nova Patrum. Bishop of Bostra: "Since now. that the Epitome was made at a later date than the original work. as of the others of Eusebius’ writings. “Eusebius’ apology in five books for Origen's teachings is now lost. this man was very learned.91 - . two of them in Syriac (Bibl. because in discussing Christ’s prophecies of victory and dominion over the whole world. The three books mentioned by Latino Latini were therefore the two books addressed to Stephanus which Eusebius himself refers to. although the passages expounded offer many opportunities for such a reference.

Chapter IV. who had attained the greatest proficiency in philosophy of any in our day. But we say and believe. unless he had accurately ascertained that all the opinions of the ancients required it. Gregorius. Menophantus of Ephesus. and Aetius of Lydda. For this man." "I deny that the man has yet arrived at an accurate knowledge of the doctrines. All the works of Arius were destroyed by catholic censorship. or established. when he gave himself to study and to philosophy straightway conformed to the life required by the laws. on the one hand we have rejoiced on account of my lord Eusebius. by his adversaries] /////////// From the “Epistle of Eusebius of Nicomedia. or created. Theodotus of Laodicea. Secundus of Ptolemaïs. Arius. His works yet extant show this. of equal honour and of the same substance with the Father. on account of that all-conquering truth of which you also are a champion. Hist. I considered myself bound to salute you by him. Eusebius of Caesarea in Palestine. We are persecuted. Hellanicus.. Narcissus of Neronias in Cilicia. The Letter of Arius to Eusebius. taking advantage of the imperial co-operation.. Ammonius. And this we say. nor thy silence in this matter been unknown. Bishop of Tyre” (given by Theodoret in his “Eccles. Theodotus.. D. before He was begotten. but as to the correct choice of life. and that their names are as follows: Theognis of Nica (Nic'a). and do teach. my father. and leaves no stone unturned against us… Eusebius your brother bishop of Caesarea. because He is neither part of God. have been condemned because they say that God had an existence prior to that of His Son. Paulinus.. he was enabled easily to collect for his use material from whatever quarter. being a Christian. since we look upon the silence of such a man as a condemnation of our cause.. nor in any way part of the unbegotten. Origen. the faithful and orthodox Eusebius. agree and admit that the man was very learned.] To his very dear lord. but as regards his knowledge of doctrine he ought not. all that we know of Arius is mainly because of the written comments against them. For example. Athanasius of Anazarbus. that the bishop greatly wastes and persecutes us. Paulinus of Tyre. [who is] unjustly persecuted by Alexander the Pope. as was fitting. For Ammonius. existing before all ages. because we say that the Son has a beginning. Aetius. wherefore he ought to be given place to so far as regards his great learning. the man of God. "Neither has the zeal of my lord Eusebius concerning the truth.. " /////////// Book: “The Ecclesiastical History Of Theodoret”. and brought up by Christian parents. Ammonius held the divine philosophy unshaken and unadulterated to the end of his life. the work entitled The Harmony of Moses What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Athanasius.. sendeth greeting in the Lord. nor of any essential being. which borders upon Egypt. and withal to inform that natural affection which you bear towards the brethren for the sake of God and His Christ. and all the bishops of the East. Bishop of Nicomedia. [Arius friends mentioned were: Eusebius was bishop of Caesarea. but that God is without beginning.” I.. he pursued a course opposite to his. Book I. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . having been a hearer of Ammonius. bishop of Antioch. He was not. Patrophilus of Scythopolis. Arius adversaries were: Philogonius. that the Son is not unbegotten.have chosen to take this view. And.. and Macarius.92 - . for. we are grieved on thy account. Eusebius of Nicomedia. or purposed. Book VI. Lydda is now called Diospolis." /////////// Book: “The Church History Of Eusebius”. Gregorius of Berytus. and that not anything of the more ancient writings escaped his knowledge.. Theodore of Mopsuestia relates that there were only nine persons out of all whom the decrees of the Synod did not please. as he is celebrated among many for the writings which he has left. of Jerusalem… enemies which claimed that the Son is eternal." "Moreover. Paulinus of Tyre. to Paulinus. but on the other. and Theonas of Marmarica. indeed. of Tripolis. I.. 6).. but has reached even us. and have taught. being about to depart for Nicomedia. [Arius. which is now called Irenopolis. derived much benefit from his teacher in the knowledge of the sciences. who is highly honored.

in Latin: “laborem adimplendi quae deerant… ne pulsatae quaestiones et relictae. He was bishop of Bostra in Arabia (Chapter XX. many pupils came to him not only from the vicinity.. He dared to assert that our Saviour and Lord did not preexist in a distinct form of being of his own before his abode among men. ad quem confugimus. nisi toto corde diligamus Dominum Deum nostrum… non sumus effecti pars Domini… et Dominum. says De la Rue (monitum in Exodum). Beryllus.” Why is “Dominum” alone mentioned. and the twenty-five books on the Gospel of Matthew. p. and the discussions which were carried on in his parish. Thus. /////////// “[It took me] much trouble to fill in what was lacking in Origen” [Conclusion of Rufinus’ version of Origen’s Commentary on Romans. and his brother Athenodorus… Remaining with him five years. over sixty years old. Jahrg. the same that was distinguished among the bishops of our day under the name of Gregory. so that they might be no longer scattered. Sed hoc confitentes. if just before the trine formula had stood in the original Greek? The commentary awakes this suspicion in us. who at that time presided over that church. as they say. viii. and such others as are in the possession of the learned (Chapter XIX. whose letters to each other have been preserved and are easily accessible. and that he does not possess a divinity of his own. aut ubi suas merces obtrudat Rufinus”. II. F. 19 occurs. but also from other countries. as given by Rufinus in Latin: “Cum ergo uenimus ad gratiam baptismi. ubi solus Origenes loquatur. D. and the discourses entitled Stromata (Chapter XXIV. The Extant Works of the Writers of that Age). as the faith extended and our doctrine was proclaimed boldly before all.. whom we mentioned recently as bishop of Bostra in Arabia. At this time.93 - . And Rufinus’ boast continues. quem non ex toto et integro corde diligimus. In Origen’s Hom. latino lectori fastidium generarent”. Neutest. that although they were still young. uniuersis aliis diis et dominis renuntiantes. which was established by Alexander.. Wiss. The Dissension of the Arabians). very properly permitted his public discourses to be taken down by stenographers. Among these Theodorus. C. We have been able to gather from that library material for our present work. The Commentaries which he prepared at Alexandria). both of them were honored with a bishopric in the churches of Pontus (Chapter XXX. 285)] What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.. “Vix certo distingui potest. About the same time others arose in Arabia. They said that during the present time the human soul dies and perishes with the body. We have arranged in distinct books to the number of one hundred. Of his work on the entire Gospel [of John] only twenty-two volumes have come down to us… He wrote also the books De Principiis before leaving Alexandria.. as many of these as we have been able to collect. a thing which he had never before allowed. d. in three cases embedded in comment which smacks of him rather than of Origen. turned aside from the ecclesiastical standard. § 4 in Exodum. comes his fourth reference to the altered Mt 28:19 inserted in the works of Origen. being. while in the other two the trine formula is in no way necessitated by the context (Conybeare. Origen. it is only in Rufinus’ work that the text Mt 28. various elegant works. which had been written against us by Celsus the Epicurean. but only that of the Father dwelling in him. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . as rendered by Rufinus. While Origen was carrying on his customary duties in Caesarea. besides letters and treatises. Among these Beryllus has left us. They have been kept until our time in the library at AElia. Zeitschrift f. and having gained great facility by his long practice. they made such progress in divine things. which have been preserved here and there by different persons (Chapter XXXVI. but that at the time of the resurrection they will be renewed together (Chapter XXXVII. 1901. which contain the questions put to him by Origen. The Pupils of Origen).. He also at this time composed a work of eight books in answer to that entitled True Discourse. Circumstances related of Origen). Solum confitemur Deum Patrem et Filium et Spiritum Sanctum. propitium non efficimus.and Jesus. It may be well to add that in the sixth book of his exposition of the Gospel of John he states that he prepared the first five while in Alexandria. Other Works of Origen). as well as all the things done at that time (Chapter XXXIII. There are still extant writings of Beryllus and of the synod held on his account. There flourished many learned men in the Church at that time. The Error of Beryllus). quod in homiletico dicendi genere ab illo fieri solet..

Does any one wish to praise Origen Let him praise him as I do. to ensnare with their deceits as many new converts as they can… (Letter XC.It is our desire. to inform him that he. “of Principles” or “of Powers”. Which of us can read all that he has written? and who can fail to mire his enthusiasm for the scriptures?… overcoming my scruples. we have cut away all that was harmful… For. To Theophilus Bishop Of Alexandria. From his childhood he was a great man. for on the one hand if one alters anything from the Greek the work becomes less a version than a perversion… ( Letter LXXXIV. From Theophilus To Epiphanius). From Theophilus To Jerome). Pope Theophilus is freely allowed to prove Origen a heretic. From Augustine). They merely pretend that they have been altered by heretics and tampered with. From Pope Anastasius To Simplicianus). and we are both at one in this that while we have rendered all that is useful. not to the Son.. and to prevent them from unsettling the brethren committed to you (Letter XCII. The following are his chief errors.. We ought to pray to the Father alone. mainly found in the periArkpn (that is. and the disciples do not defend the master's words.) A letter from Augustine in which he… urges Jerome to base his scriptural labours not on the Hebrew text but on the version of the LXX. To Pammachius And Marcella) [It is noteworthy Jerome’s unqualified eulogium upon Origen. if possible. The Synodical Letter Of [Pope] Theophilus To The Bishops Of Palestine And Of Cyprus). Thus they seek to maintain his cause not by their own belief but by other people's errors (Letter XCVII. filled with a fresh access of enthusiasm in behalf of the heresy. succeeding a man of great learning. Both alternatives are hard. according to Rufinus)… 2.D. which contrasts strongly with the tone adopted by the writer in subsequent years (see. indeed. and urges him to shew his zeal for the faith by writing against the prevalent heresy.. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Theophilus informs Jerome that he has expelled the Origenists from the monasteries of Nitria. the presbyter Clement… He knew the scriptures by heart and laboured hard day and night to explain their meaning. 3. D. risk my reputation… My friends have placed me in the awkward dilemma that if I say nothing I shall be held guilty. To Pammachius And Oceanus). If Origen has put forth any other writings. Letter XXXIII. (Letter CIV. like Theophilus.g./////////// Book: “Letters Of Jerome” The books of Origen have been read before a council of bishops and unanimously condemned. and truly a martyr's son. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. By universal consent Origen himself may be expressly condemned and also the infamous heresy of which he was the author. like the works of many other writers. you are to know that they and their author are alike condemned by me (Letter XCV. At Alexandria he presided over the school of the church. I leave to your judgment to discover how much labour I have expended in translating the books On First Principles. and Euthymius. In this I do not stand alone for the confessor Hilary [of Poitiers] has done the same. Vs.D. The date of the letter is 403 A. I would sooner.. while I have always allowed to Origen his great merit as an interpreter and critic of the scriptures. and if I offer a defence I shall be accounted an enemy. e. I have taken up my pen against a man whose ability I once eulogized. At the request of Theophilus Anastasius. Eusebius. He [John of Jerusalem] charges me [Jerome] with having translated Origen into Latin. See. I implore you to oppose them wherever they come. To Paula. The date of the letter is 400 A. writes to Simplicianus. .. named Ammonius. He delivered in church more than a thousand sermons. have taken ship for Constantinople.. Christ's kingdom will one day come to an end. I have learned that certain calumniators of the true faith.94 - . to guard in our days not only the Catholic faith and the rules of the church. and published innumerable commentaries which he called tomes…. has condemned Origen whose blasphemies have been brought under his notice. but the people committed to our charge. bishop of Milan. bishop of Rome. but of the two I will choose that which is the least so. Letter LXXXIV)] 7. I have invariably denied the truth of his doctrines… As for the six thousand volumes of Origen of which he speaks… (Letter LXXXII.. and to give a quietus to all strange doctrines (Letter LXXXVII.

And you did not deny it. D. Judith.. and the blame. the extra books of Esdras. however.. which is good and simple and unchangeable. expressed in a strange manner. etc…): “”] has been amended. Possibly I was deserving of blame and correction for this. If there is to be a new law..D. that is the Trinity.95 - .. the five on Luke. should begin with the first. Tobias. Written at Aquileia A. then I say that I am the last of many who have done the deed. and declares that 'if he translates them. specifically “De Principiis”] ought to be condemned and their author [Rufinus] as well. 400 9 (2). Maccabees.. He [Jerome] condemns as heathenish unobjectionable views which he himself holds . We did what was permissible. Contrast of Jerome's earlier and later attitude towards Origen. how greatly the grounds for the heathens' unbelief have been increased by this proceeding?… They know that our law [the Vulgate version of the New Testament and of the Old Testament versus the Septuagint. the adulterous insertions to the Books of Daniel and Esther. Is it not evident.. In the meantime let this be counted as demonstrated by what I have said above. 37. as I have shewn most fully above? 35... you left out words at your discretion./////////// Book: “Rufinus' Apology (The Apology of Rufinus). I do not wish to see it published before the right time. You [Jerome] say that some of the brethren sent letters to you demanding that the faults of the translator [Rufinus] should be pointed out [see below]. 27 a. or at least changed… [Jerome wrote that] "The ears of simple men among the Latins ought not after four hundred years to be molested by the sound of new doctrines".in certain places where you [Jerome] found things relating to the faith. as Rufinus presents three examples of Septuagint (LXX) inserted adulterations to the Book of Daniel: “Susanna.' that is the twenty six books on Matthew. But I [Rufinus] followed his [Jerome’s] method of translation [Jerome’s method of forgery] .. Danger of altering the Versions of Scripture. for I wish to imitate the man whom we and all who are wise admire.. 23… since that letter contains certain more secret matters.in accordance with the character of the Trinity. but said: "What they bring against me in violent abuse I accept as the highest praise.... the Roman tongue will then recognize what a store of good it had hitherto been ignorant of and now has begun to understand. If that be so. 28. why does he condemn me for a similar course? 25.. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . These are the books to which he [Jerome] gives the highest honour. This mode of translation we have both of us observed [Jerome and Rufinus]. and the thirty two on John. not true. it holds good only for the future. But if any one blame me [Rufinus] for having translated anything at all of Origen's. a mistake. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. But does any one ever punish a deed the doing of which he had not previously forbidden. what is to happen to the other author who writes the same things [Jerome]. But it may be said that the works themselves [Rufinus’ tampering the works of Origen. he [Jerome] calls him a crow and says that he is black all over." Your plagiarisms redound to your highest praise. 21.. without the same "art" as Jerome. that he [Jerome] extols Origen's writings as in every way admirable. in Reply to Jerome's Letter to Pammachius. Wisdom. But suppose that you had reason to be offended at the fact that. the Hymn of the three children.. If then he promises that he will translate these. those of others make them crows and jackdaws in your estimation. I passed over some things which appeared to me unedifying in point of doctrine--though in this I only did what you [Jerome] had done. First. You observe how he [Jerome] treats Ambrose... Ecclesiasticus. the boy Daniel. Book II” Addressed to Apronianus.. those forged documents still present in all catholic versions: Baruch. in my translation of Origen. and in these absolutely everything is to be found which is contained in the books on Peri `Arkwn the groundwork of his charges against me.. false” (all that was not present in Hebrew older MSS was called “apocrypha” and rejected by Jerome. if any. only set forth with greater breadth and fulness. [however] you [Jerome] had been accused of plagiarizing from Origen. and therefore I will corroborate what I say by other proofs similar to it.

many passages of his books have been removed which had they been left would have plainly proved the irreligious character of his teaching.. we ask you to publish in your own language [Latin] the abovementioned book of Origen exactly as it was brought out by the author himself. translations of Origen's “Seven Homilies on Matthew and one on John”. A. From Pammachius And Oceanus. 1. or to make any changes or corrections therein?… which enable me to bear the odium-in the first place. who was the first to commit to writing the Gospel of Christ. I [Rufinus] for my part do but follow up an enterprise which he has sanctioned and commenced. Prefaces to the Vulgate Version of the New Testament. was also made at the request of Macarius and its greater part is known to us only through those Latin translations. A Synod. if you ignore his implications. if called on to condemn Origen. [but] the doctrine he [Jerome] has expressed about the Trinity. [The translation to Latin of Origen’s book periarkpn [De Principiis]…. when he takes the volume into his hands. but Jerome's not? 46. so it will be of no profit to you that I [Rufinus] have pleaded in your behalf. learned or unlearned... Besides this. health. and perceives that what he reads does not suit his settled tastes. You urge me to revise the old Latin version… Is there a man. with a view of clearing the author [Origen].45. .. but I lack his [Jerome’s] vigorous eloquence with which to adorn the sayings of this great man [Origen]. I shall then be bound to follow the judgment of the Catholic Church whether it is given against the books of Origen or against yours. that the two Seraphim are the Son and the Holy Ghost. with much subtlety but without mentioning your holiness's name [Jerome]. and we desire you to make evident the interpolations which his defender [Rufinus] has introduced... From Rufinus To Macarius. Not content with rendering the words of Origen he desires to be himself [Jerome] the teacher.” 47. 45. and call me a forger and a profane person for having the audacity to add anything to the ancient books. 383. Remove then the suspicions.. from which especially the charge of blasphemy is drawn [by Rufinus against Jerome]. and of his treatises on Mary Magdalen and on Christ's Epiphany have at times been attributed to Rufinus] /////////// Prefaces to Jerome's Early Works. where I said of him [Jerome] who is now my persecutor and accuser that in the works or Origen which he [Jerome] translated there are found certain grounds of offence in the Greek. people will say that you [Jerome] admit their truth. Pammachius and Oceanus to the presbyter Jerome. The point turns upon a statement in my Preface. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Addressed to Pope Damasus. D. Letter LXXXIII. implied that he has done no more than complete a work which you had yourself [Jerome] promised. A reverend brother has brought to us sheets containing a certain person's translation [Rufinus] into Latin of a treatise by Origen--entitled periarkpn [De Principiis]…. thus indirectly suggesting that you agree with him.96 - . it has been of no advantage to Origen that yon [Jerome] have praised him. Why my translations of Origen had created offence.His style [Jerome’s] is certainly attractive but I can see that he aims at a more ambitious task than that of a mere translator. with the exception of the work of Matthew the Apostle.. but that he has in his translation so cleared them away that the Latin reader will find nothing in them which is dissonant from our faith. We therefore request your excellency to be so good as to bestow upon this particular matter an attention which will benefit not only ourselves but all who reside in the city. and confute your assailant [Rufinus].. break out immediately into violent language. for. 1.D. and who published his work in What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. men cannot help feeling. the command is given by you who are the supreme bishop… the New Testament… was undoubtedly composed in Greek. who will not. The Four Gospels. namely.. must condemn Jerome also. /////////// Book: “Letters Of Jerome” Letter LXXX. The writer [Rufinus] in the preface to his work has.

as Cicero phrases it. The demand which the sainted Blesilla once made. 391. son of Constantine the Great.' he tacitly corrected him by substituting for this phrase 'the correction of the New Testament. and thirty-two on John is beyond my powers. 404.D. Luke. 494.D. The Vulgate Version of the Old Testament was not undertaken with ecclesiastical sanction. by Socrates Scholasticus. It was decreed by a council held under Pope Gelasius. 388.org/fathers2/RTF -----------------What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. my leisure. just as they are found in the original Greek. D. although he proposed to himself this limited object. We must confess that as we have it in our language it is marked by discrepancies… I pass over those manuscripts which are associated with the names of Lucian and Hesychius. Addressed to Paula and Eustochium. also called the Constantinopolitan.' Yet.Lucian in Syria and Hesychius in Egypt attempted their recensions about the middle of the third century. If anyone shall not acknowledge that God the Word. that "the Gospels which Lucian and Hesychius falsified are apocryphal. and sending for Eusebius of Nicomedia. It is obvious that these writers could not amend anything in the Old Testament after the labours of the Seventy… to avoid any great divergences from the Latin which we are accustomed to read.” Second Council of Constantinople.” [Eusebius of Nicomedia Studied in Antakya or Antioch (Turkey)]. the other frivolous in expression. invests him with the Bishopric of Constantinople. spread over Asia Minor and Thrace. I replied that it was an irksome task and a mental torment to write. the various forms of corruption which had been introduced were. and finished about A. Microsoft Encarta). and who was made flesh and became man. or from Jerome's "own sense of the imperious necessity of the work. D. that I should translate into our language his [Origen’s] twenty-five volumes on Matthew. 553 A. Book II. our Adamantius' [Origen’s nickname] thirty-nine "homilies" on Luke. one of the Trinity… let him be anathema. A few days ago you told me that you had read some commentaries on Matthew and Luke. as was the case with the Gospels. five on Luke.” has been from the beginning the means of initiation into Christianity ("Christianity. as your requests reach no higher than this. and my energy… /////////// Book: “The Ecclesiastical History”.ccel. but yet I will undertake it. as he describes. and the authority of which is perversely maintained by a handful of disputatious persons. sleepy in sense. Chapter VII. without regarding such rubbish.D. and to which the Slavonian and Gothic versions belong. Lucian's recension.D. A.97 - . A. “The Emperor Constantius II. I have used my pen with some restraint. and while I have corrected only such passages as seemed to convey a different meaning. at Rome. I have allowed the rest to remain as they are [in Latin]. but at the request of private friends." It was wholly made at Bethlehem. the time when Origen also began to labour in the same direction. See the Preface to the Chronicles."] /////////// Preface to Jerome’s Translation of Origen on St. /////////// “Anathemas Against Origen… VIII." 1994. with another man's heart not one's own. Accordingly you requested me to translate. ETC… References taken mainly from: http://www. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . of which one was equally dull in perception and expression. so numerous that the difference of the old and revised (Hieronymian) text is throughout clear and striking. ejects Paul after his Election to the Bishopric. [is] of the same substance with the Father and the Holy Ghost. [When Augustin expressed to Jerome his gratitude for 'his translation of the Gospels." Jerome’s New Testament version was made at Rome between the years 382 and 385.Judaea in Hebrew characters. and was begun about A. (convened by the Emperor Justinian 1 and by the Pope Vigilius) /////////// Baptism… perhaps more simply “in the name of Christ.

: Charles Scribner's Sons. D. at a synod held at Alexandria in 321. as there were still many clergy and laymen who did not believe in that rare “position” of Christ as being God himself.com/fdocc3/in-my-name. 1999.D.D. which granted Christians the same rights as the followers of other religions had.To go to the main text: http://www. previously seen in the spurious document “The Divine Liturgy Of James. took root and began growing in discussion and in writing” (by the way. as the Council of Ephesus has already defined”. in The Second Council Of Nice.htm Appendix 2: Historical details: “In the fourth century Eusebius was asked by the Emperor Constantine to make 50 copies of the New Testament on fine vellum. O Christ our God and didst by Thy death tread death under foot. Ch. Christ our God. p. and social promotion. When Jesus Became God. as all extant manuscripts. “During the persecution of the second century. rev. however Arius did not. that the idea of Jesus Christ's being co-equal with God the Father began to gain a wide base of support. Egypt. and his presbyter Arius. 1959. to stop the persecution and to answer the charges against them. After Constantine's conversion to Christianity he issued an edict at Milan. is properly and truly the Mother of God. the concepts of the triune God. and of the Son. have been altered by scribes which deliberately inserted "in the name of the Father. most prominent of whom were Aristides the philosopher and Justin Martyr. 1999. see Appendix 4 for a Biblical evaluation of the conclusion of his book). Bishop Alexander taught that Jesus was equal to God. 787. because she was the Mother after the flesh of One Person of the Holy Trinity. These dissertations. ed. Thousands of non-Christians began joining the Church for political favors. The Holy Apostle And Brother Of The Lord” as “Thou who art the only-begotten Son and Word of God. we don’t need to “apologize” to anybody because we believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. still had much support What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. So.. Harcourt. Arius was deposed and excommunicated (Rubenstein.Y. in fact. St." ” (Appendix 1 to read about those fifty copies). a small group of Christian intellectuals. compromises between Christianity and paganism. so many made conversion to Christianity as a ticket to political. who didst submit for our salvation to become flesh of the holy God-mother. “the great question that had generated the controversy over Jesus’ divinity remained – and remains yet –” (Richard E. A History of the Christian Church. military.” “It was at Constantine's peak of power. In return for granting special favors and acting with leniency. to wit. Thus.98 - . and ever-virgin Mary. No manuscript from previous centuries has been found. 101). gained power after his victory at the Milvian Bridge in 312 A. plus Mary as the mother of God [deceivingly canonized as “We confess that our Lady. who didst immutably become man and wast crucified. mutilated. Yet Trinitarianism at that point was not an established doctrine. Constantine insisted that he have a strong voice in Church affairs. “The disagreement about the position of Christ reached its most noted level in the confrontation between Bishop Alexander of Alexandria. were. A History of the Christian Church. Arius. called “Apologies”. Hase. “The attempts at suppressing the early Church by the Roman government ended when Constantine. 4. and of the Holy Ghost" in place of the original "in my name. When Jesus Became God. Harcourt. Mary. as well as restitution of the wrongs done to Christians (Williston Walker. who art one of the Holy Trinity glorified together with the Father and the Holy Spirit…”] and pagan symbolism. Rubenstein. p. p. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . immortal. 231.” The heathen idea of a triune God stirred (and still does) great controversy within the Church. they have been altered. Constantine soon began to grant special favors to Christians. although now in institutional disfavor. from the apologetic period on. A. lost or destroyed.geocities. not my feeble pen!). p. because of the impact the Apologies had. the oldest dating from the fourth century. the Roman emperor. it is God’s Word which says so. 84. wrote dissertations to emperors and other notable persons to defend the gospel. early in that fourth century. None can be found today – most likely. N. 111).

is coming to judge living and dead. ‘Before he was begotten he was not. Ossius returned to Rome and there persuaded Constantine to embrace Alexander's position (Henry Chadwick. Constantine. Constantine’s earliest “Christian” advisor). with two exceptions only. Grand Rapids: Wm. 1968. and his powerful namesake. 128). Eusebius. Many of the important bishops such as the learned historian. Eerdmans Publishing Co. London: Oxford University Press. and also declared the deity of the Holy Spirit.’ or ‘changeable. This council reaffirmed the Nicene Creed stating that Jesus and God were co-equal and co-eternal. for several decades. signed the creed. suffered. the Nicene Creed embraced the Son as co-equal with God. As long as he lived no one dared openly to challenge the Creed of Nicaea. as well as on Constantine. a second ecumenical council met in Constantinople (B. although it was truly the work of a minority (Henry Bettenson. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . that is. 2nd ed. the Council of Nicaea began with its main goal being to settle the dispute over the relationship between God and His Son. president of the Council of Nicaea. and put forward by the council in its next “revised” form”: The Creed of Nicaea (325 A.” The doctrine of the trinity was then fully established and thus became the cornerstone of the Catholic. ed. Light of Light. in p. the bishops." Over-awed by the emperor.’ and. The council consisted of approximately 220 bishops who were almost exclusively from the Occident. The Early Church. disturbed over the sustained controversy in his empire. and rose on the third day. in other words. sent his ecclesiastical adviser Ossius.’ or ‘alterable. Two hundred eighteen of the 220 bishops signed this creed.K. Thus. At that moment Constantine regarded the decision of Nicaea as divinely inspired. And those that say ‘There was when he was not. Grand Rapids: Wm. The reverberations of this treatment of Arius had a profound effect on the Church. there still remained great dissension among many of the clergy about the deity of Jesus Christ. 1963..D. that the son of God is ‘Of another substance or essence. but the expected concord did not follow (Encyclopedia Britannica.. things in heaven and things on the earth.)” “To legitimatize his position. true God of true God. ascended into the heavens. Bishop of Cordova (Hosius of Cordova. maker of all things visible and invisible. p. and personally proposed (no doubt on Ossius' prompting). Ossius sided with Alexander against Arius. B. The Church in History.’ these the Catholic and Apostolic Church anathematizes.. and to be reinstated in the Church. the Son of God. they saw by the scriptures that Jesus Christ is not God. Eerdmans Publishing Co. used his political power to bring pressure to bear on the bishops to accept his theological position. to Alexandria on a mission of reconciliation and inquiry. who was in control of the proceedings. who for us men and for our salvation came down and was made flesh. 129. D." - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.v. B. And in the Holy Spirit.D. and became man. The creed they signed was clearly anti-Arian. So. suggested the adoption of the creed of his own church… But as it did not deal explicitly with the Arian position… It was taken only as a base (by Athanasius and by Hosius). Constantine invited all bishops of the Christian Church to Nicaea (which is now in Asia Minor) in May 325 A. After visiting Alexandria. 1951.99 - . Kuiper. in the year 381 A. begotten not made. And in one Lord Jesus Christ. wrongfully called also “the cornerstone of the “Christian faith” ” for the next fifteen centuries. of one substance with the Father. 1968. Documents of the Christian Church.D.’ or those that allege. through whom all things were made. begotten of the Father. that at the Council of Nicaea: “Eusebius of Cesarea. p.): "We believe in one God the Father All sovereign. he died. Bishop of Nicomedia. Eusebius of Caesarea. Bettenson says also.. only-begotten. the crucial formula expressing the relation of Christ to God in the creed issued by that council: "of one substance with the Father. "Council of Nicaea. the historian.") “Although the Nicene Creed had been accepted by the council of bishops.") Constantine himself actively guided the discussion.’ or ‘created. Constantine.outside of Egypt. Just when Arius was to have been pardoned by Constantine. many of them against their inclination. s. of the substance of the Father. theologically agreed with Arius. 58 says: "Arius and his followers were forthwith banished to Illyria and his works were burned.

and sitteth on the right hand of the Father. an issue added to the great schism). the Lord and the Life-giver. Trinitarianism then was confirmed at Nicaea in 325 by Church bishops out of political expediency. We acknowledge one baptism unto remission of sins. 1981. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . that proceedeth from the Father. we can see by the Biblical Texts themselves.D. and was crucified for us under Pontius Pilate.." ("Filioque". who with Father and Son is worshipped together and glorified together. pp. which still seemed to most of them What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. “A handful of Western churchmen came to the Council of Nicaea.” only 33 are positively taken from the creed of AD 325. neither nothing is said of the Mystery of Jews and Gentiles being made members of the same body of Christ and fellow-heirs. and then was read and approved at Chalcedon (451 A.D. often called the Constantinopolitan or Nicaeno-Constantinopolitan creed. maker of heaven and earth. Wierwille and Ronald G. 1981)] “Historians of Church dogma and systematic theologians agree that the idea of a trinity was not a part of the Bible (see end of Appendix 3). Begotten of the Father before all the ages. and refers to the doctrine of the Holy Spirit as emanating from the Father and from the Son. in the book “Jesus Christ is Not God. and even by the records of history. and became man. at Constantinople. This second creed is received as ecumenical by the Eastern and Roman communions and by the majority of the Reformed churches. or of our new birth. P. of one substance with the Father. Webster’s Third New International Dictionary. second. D. D. Betterson then explains some of the anachronisms within the so called ‘Nicene’ Creed as follows: “[It was] found in Epiphanius' of Salamis. 381 or to one of the later forms of this confession (p. And in the Holy Spirit. a novel combination of Latin words meaning “and from the Son. The eastern predominance can be attributed to the westerners’ lack of interest in the Arian controversy. a very different picture (V. vol.(The Council of Constantinople of 381 defined the Holy Spirit as consubstantial and coeternal with the Father and with the Son in “the divine trinity”). if we have eyes to see. Its reaffirmation was thereafter needed and received at Constantinople in 381 A. 381 A. D. Since that time the "God-in-three-persons" doctrine has been adhered to as though it were a divine revelation. how then did a trinitarian doctrine come about? It gradually evolved and gained momentum in the late first.). In one holy Catholic and Apostolic Church. who had converted to Christianity. “The twelve apostles never subscribed to it or received revelation about it. 325 in opposition to Arianism and reaffirmed by the First Council of Constantinople in A... as pagans. through whom all things were made.). and rose again on the third day according to the Scriptures. as is still recited inside Catholic churches. 1525.D. and cometh again with glory to judge living and dead. and was made flesh of the Holy Spirit and the Virgin Mary. brought to Christianity some of their pagan beliefs and practices.). as a history’s ‘living witness’): "We believe in one God the Father all sovereign. and thought by many to be a revision of the creed of Jerusalem held by Cyril” (of the 178 words in the original of this second “Nicene Creed. nor of the power of holy spirit within us with his nine manifestations and its fruit made by nine segments. II. Light of Light. So. D. We look for a resurrection of the dead. [Nicene: Of or relating to Nicaea or Nice.D. Webster.100 - . D.): The ‘Nicene’ Creed says (or its ‘version’ of 451 A. Hence. And in one Lord Jesus Christ. Nothing is said in this “creed” about our salvation by grace in Christ Jesus’ name. and suffered and was buried. an ancient city of Asia Minor in which a “confession of faith” was formulated and decreed by the First Council of Nicaea in A. 11-27”). and third centuries.” But.” was added to the Nicene Creed by the Third Council of Toledo in 589. who for us men and for our salvation came down from the heavens. as the “original” creed of ‘(the 200 or 318? fathers who met at Nicaea and that of) the 150 who met at a later time’ (i. Ancoratus (374 A. and the life of the age to come.e. and extracted by scholars (as it was found also in Eusebius of Caesarea) almost word for word from the Catechetical Lectures of Cyril of Jerusalem (~315-387 A. and of all things visible and invisible.). the only-begotten Son of God. who spake through the prophets. begotten not made. and ascended into the heavens. etc. of whose kingdom there shall be no end. true God of true God.

who considered himself an acute judge of character. one could hardly imagine a more urgent or convenient time for murder than the eve of Arius’ triumph. Thus. Constantine accepted Athanasius’ claim without further investigation. Few months later. (The Council of Nicaea had designated three bishops as the minimum number who could consecrate. and Constantine's coemperor. which mandated toleration of Christians in the Roman Empire.C. A false consensus may be more productive of conflict than an honest disagreement. poison was the murder weapon of choice for many Roman intriguers. even if he and they differed in matters of doctrine”.. younger than the legal 30 years old for the task. or. When Jesus Became God. The next day he is said to have seen a cross superimposed on the sun and the words “in this sign you will be the victor” (usually given in Latin. Constantine himself died. A whisper of poison drifts about the event. the church was then given legal rights and large financial donations.E.) readmitted solemnly Arius and Euzoius to communion.101 - . Constantine was to use his full authority in support of Arius…but Arius died just one day before the official ceremony of reacceptance to the church… Arius was an old man. “probably in his seventies. Harcourt. the faithful son of Constantine… Frend. the new bishop. now looked upon Christ as a bringer of victory. but Alexander. p. The apparent consensus reached at the Council Nicaea was. Philadelphia: Fortress Press. as was his desire to live at peace with other Christians. he would not have been the first person his age to die of an intestinal aliment. and depth of feelings of someone seeking his favor. Rubenstein. seemed sincerely repentant and desirous of living at peace with his brother priests. possibly. Arius was officially readmitted to communion. Arius had a genuine devotion to Christ and the Church. and from the point of view of Arius’ enemies. and so. “Little more than two years after the Council of Nicaea ended. W. Still. If Arius. 528. “In 312. and sent it to Constantine with a letter alleging that he had received the consent of the Alexandrian bishops. pp. 102-106. being opposed later. Athanasius. Constantine then defeated Maxentius at the Battle of the Milvian Bridge. near Rome. embarked on a tour of his domains. was often swayed by the apparent sincerity. only by Constantius. joined him in issuing the Edict of Milan (313).an obscure “Greek” matter. and vitality of Eastern Christianity – one reason that Constantine had decided to locate his new capital in Asia Minor”. and wrote the city officially approving his appointment. “in hoc signo vinces”).H. Constantine might not worry that his views were somewhat at variance with the Nicene Creed. Athanasius. reorganizing the Egyptian clergy so as to put his own supporters in key positions”. the Athanasian violence increased. provided that the candidate also received the written consent of the other bishops. strength. of a heart attack brought on by the combination of illness and the tension of awaiting one of the most important days in his life.) Using his considerable political influence. 1999. D. 126-137. in large part. Persecution of the Christians was ended. intelligence. 169-191. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . his rival in Italy. on the eve of a battle against Maxentius. captured by some of the literature on Arius’ death.D. The Rise of Christianity. But it also reflected the great size. 1984. although the only direct evidence for it is the timing and manner of his passing”. convinced a few of them to go with him to the church of Dionysius and consecrate him bishop behind closed doors. who had been a pagan solar worshiper. But the emperor was mistaken if he thought that this would bring peace to the city. The Senate hailed the victor as savior of the Roman people. an illusion produced by the bishops’ desire to please the emperor and to restore the unity of the Church. losing patience with the fifty assembled bishops which were conferring day and night in an effort to elect a new metropolitan bishop for Alexandria. By other side. As guardian of Constantine's favored religion. Licinius. he presided over the first ecumenical council of the church at Nicaea in 325. its most significant practical decisions were thus overturned. R. The council of Nicomedia (328 A. Constantine is reported to have dreamed that Christ appeared to him and told him to inscribe the first two letters of his name (XP in Greek) on the shields of his troops. Constantine. He also began the building of What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 75. Constantine intervened in ecclesiastical affairs to achieve unity. Athanasius obtained a decree of the Alexandria City council characterizing his election as the people’s choice. Athanasius and Macarius… rejected him. “Constantine.. for example.

and had the effect of bringing them together was reason…” [IX.. p. proposed initially by “grievous wolves which not spared the flock. Jewish philosopher. in his last published answer: “Scripture is the only court of appeal. Bullinger wrote. “Now I [Philo] bid ye. in Calvin’s assassination of Servetus. can be seen especially in Philo. the Lord God of three natures--of instruction. Pythagoras [who inherited his concept of the triangle to represent the triune god (Philo uses the triangle in his works)] and Plato . if it contradicts the oracles of God. Light. By Light: the Mystic Gospel of Hellenistic Judaism. (27)]. Alexandria was a hotbed of philosophical thought. ETC… -------------------------------------To go to the main text: http://www. in such a way. an oracle in the character of God… "Hast thou not called me as thy house. yet appears in the likeness of a triad… a holy and divine vision. To pass from the epistles of Paul to those of Clement even. 21(12):143). who in Himself is unity. and of the practice of virtue. who are purified. and Jacob are recorded as the symbols…”. (48)]. In Philo we read: “God is not a compound being. “Philo clearly taught [secretly and surrounded by mystery] the trinity doctrine.” The flawed and contradictory character of these writings. initiated men. showing by this expression most manifestly that God is both a house. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .Constantinople in 326 on the site of ancient Greek Byzantium (present-day Istanbul. and of holiness. of which Abraham. in Cyril. is like leaving the pure invigorating air of the mountain top for the mists and fogs of the valley” (Things to Come.33.a doctrine which they all received from the Mystery teachings of Babylon” (Brian Hoeck). and Isaac." 1994. and in the third place. The chief interest of the works of the early church fathers is in showing how soon Paul’s warnings were realized. "Constantine the Great. in Augustine. and a triad as unity. he was a major figure in the foundation of medieval Christian Europe”. in Athanasius. of the generation of them both. “doggish”) philosophers of the trinity: Alexander. lived in Alexandria and taught his false doctrines of Gnosticism there..geocities. In addition.. 1915. in Cyprian. Philo. as to your ears. Question No. (7)]. both references from “On the Change of Names”. also Philo wrote: “…a certain divine inspiration [from Philo’s own soul]… that in the one living and true God there were two supreme and primary powers-goodness and authority… and that the third thing which was between the two. Let’s see some writings of the early promoters of the doctrine of the trinity within the believers in the Bible. as mysteries … the knowledge namely of the great first Cause. 337. W. These Mystery teachings were also the sources of Theodotus' [and/or of Clement of Alexandria] "Christianized" Gnostic trinitarian doctrine. inasmuch as he is a single nature” [XXXIV.. ". D. and of virtue. but in the same work we read a contradictory statement [if Philo himself wrote it]: “I allow you to use the word Lord as a name. in Tertullian. “…the living God is so completely indescribable” [II. in Jerome.. sowing for the race of mankind the seed of happiness in good and virgin soil…” [XIV. as cited by Clement on Theodotus version of Mt 28:19. and what a gulf exists between their writings and the inspired teaching of the New Testament. that a single vision appears… as a triad. and Athanasius. both references from What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. etc. 3:4). 423. Goodenough. R. The emperor was baptized shortly before his death. Constantine built churches in the Holy Land.102 - . (181)].As the first emperor to rule in the name of Christ.One God. inasmuch as it is he who has created them.com/fdocc3/in-my-name. and the husband of wisdom. even within themselves.the intellect perceives most clearly a unity although previously it learned to apprehend it under the similitude of a trinity…" [Philo Judaeus (Philo of Alexandria) as quoted by E... From Alexandria emerged the most deplorable and fiery (or as Rubenstein may say. in Hippolytus. the incorporeal abode of incorporeal ideas.htm Appendix 3: E. and thy father. as did fellow philosophers. on May 22. which remained the capital of the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) Empire until 1453). and the husband of thy Virginity?" (Jer. to receive these things. etc… as you can see]. which spoke perverse things” to confuse and “to draw away disciples after them. and no doctrine can be accepted on the authority of the best of men.. Microsoft Encarta. and the Father of all things. The city was completed in 330 (later expanded).

The copies of Asclepiades. the belief in the immortality of the soul. at any rate. Mithraism was one of the major religions of the Roman Empire. etc. and the Holy Ghost had overshadowed His mother. 28)] //////////// ". . Christian Gnostic teachers had synthesized this mythology with Platonic metaphysical speculation and with certain heretical “Christian” traditions. baptizing them in the name of the Father. of Babylonian Baptismal Initiations and Mysteries go to the end of this page to see quotations done by early writers consecrated by the catholic church] //////////// “And to the Apostles he gives the command: Going around preach ye and baptise those who believe in the name of the Father and Son and Holy Spirit” [Theodotus the Gnostic. and of the Eastern Doctrine.76. The most prominent “Christian” Gnostics were Valentinus and his disciple Ptolemaeus. most likely abridged extracts made by Clement for his own use. demonology [invocation of the dead (later under the “dress of saints”) as “helpers”]. the Greek god of the sun. (In Eusebius' Eccl. the adoration at Mithra's birth. III. XVII. and magic (The word magic is derived from the word magi). [and all that non-Biblical doctrines crept into catholic doctrine].. helped to spread the cult. alleging that they have corrected them.. “…they have boldly laid their hands upon the divine Scriptures. will be found at variance with those of Theodotus…” (Letter of Cyprian To Caius. D. is well known in its early Latin dress.. p. and of the Son. “Preserved among Clement's works is a fragment called Epitomes of the Writings of Theodotus.--Theodotus. Chap.. He said to them. v." Irenaeus Against Heresies -. Gradually. including astrology.287 and in the Zeitsch. through citations. "Mithraism. often with verbal adaptations. and during the early empire it spread rapidly throughout Italy and the Roman provinces. But it is also possible to be a later insertion brought by the - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. by identifying Mithra with Helios. the adoption of Sundays and of December 25 (Mithra's birthday) as holy days. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . Clement's quotations from Scripture are made from the Septuagint version. Mithra became the god of the sun. who during the 2nd century were influential in the Roman church” ("Gnosticism.." "Magi. Theodotus affirms that Christ is a man of a kindred nature with all men.103 - . and of the Holy Ghost. the religion of the magi incorporated Babylonian elements. F.Book III. a trinity..“The Cherubim” [“Gnostic mythology may have been derived from Jewish sectarian speculation… during the late 1st century AD.. The Greeks of Asia Minor. which in turn was probably influenced by Persian dualistic religions… By the 2nd century." 1994.giving to the disciples the power of regeneration into God. Microsoft Encarta). W. in Greek." Go and teach all nations. that. Microsoft Encarta). and giving considerable insight into Gnosticism. 1901. the cult of Mithra: After the conquest of Assyria in the 7th century BC and of Babylonia in the 6th century BC. but a few fragments have reached us. ed Sylb. He had been born of a virgin. … at first miraculous powers did not acquire operating energy in [the] Saviour Himself [until his baptism at Jordan]." 1994. 283). [Irenaeus work on Heresies (second century). Fur die Neutest. It was a rival to Christianity in the Roman world. Wissensch. and not rarely different texts are blended together (Introductory Note To Clement Of Alexandria). Microsoft Encarta] [To verify the infiltration of Platonic Philosophies. the use of holy water.” Chap. II. but that He surpasses them in this respect. The catholic doctrine of the trinity “has parallels both in philosophy (the 19th-century German philosopher G. according to the counsel of God." 1994. p.Book X). which was worshipped in his name. Mithraism and other pagans in Rome had ideals of humility and brotherly love. It was brought to Rome about 68 BC by Cilician pirates whom the Roman general Pompey the Great had captured. Presbyter Of Rome. the worship of images. Excerpta cap.-Against The Heresy Of Artemon.. often inaccurately from memory. XIX. etc. a water baptism. Hegel's Absolute) and in other religions (the Trimurti of Hinduism)” ("Trinity. as preserved in Theodotus’ version of the gospel of Matthew held and quoted by Clement of Alexandria (Conybeare. sometimes from a different text from what we possess. Theodotus… deny the divinity of Christ (Hippolytus The Refutation Of All Heresies -. Hist.

as it was done in the Didache. for the most part. who also had held intercourse with the apostles themselves. Griesbach (1768). "one Spirit. today we have two Greek “originals”. Donaldson and Crombie. and of the Son. commanded them to "baptize in the name of the Father. which did not take place till the close of the 2 nd century! Of the other seven Ignatian epistles (acknowledged by Eusebius. Ch. The Dispute of Arius with Alexander. The Epistle Of Ignatius To The Philippians. D. “It is plain that one or the other of these [or both. when He sent forth the apostles to make disciples of all nations.Athanasians. put forth under the name of the celebrated bishop of Antioch… none of them are quoted or referred to by any Christian writer previous to the 6th century” [Roberts. in T. at various dates and to serve special purposes. but the authenticity of even the shorter form was more than questioned by such scholars as Lardner (1743)." And again." with what follows. while Pearson and Wordsworth say 115). Clarck’s Ante Nicene Library. in the Ignatian Epistles. but one Father. And it is manifest that all these gifts [possessed by believers] "worketh one and the self-same Spirit. and not two or three. "who is in the bosom of the Father. Cureton in What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. p. Ch. VIII). [Ignatius. V." saith [the Scripture]. that great theological mystery . agreed to accept the shorter form as representing the genuine letters of Ignatius (p. Hist." And again. which were. and of the Holy Ghost. One who is. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . imaging that the bishop was subtly teaching the same view of this subject as Sabellius the Libyan…” (Book I. and scholars have. lived from the end of the first century to the beginning of the second century.--Unity Of The Three Divine Persons. “The Epistles ascribed to Ignatius have given rise to more controversy [together with the other spurious documents] connected with the primitive church… there are in all. his Bishop).] //////////// Chap. Neither Eusebius. whose name was Arius." And in another place. there are references to heresies and events. For "there is also. "We have drunk of one Spirit." And again. attempted one day in the presence of the presbytery and the rest of his clergy. to explain. Bishop of Antioch. as we have them now] exhibits a corrupt text. II. "Hath not one God created us? Have we not all one Father? " And there is also one Son. A certain one of the presbyters under his jurisdiction [opposed Alexander]. and one Paraclete. 451. nor Jerome make the least reference to them. [The Ecclesiastical History--By Socrates Scholasticus. III. Introductory Notice on The Writings of the Apostolic Fathers]. Neander (1826)’ and many others… in 1838-42 a Syriac version was discovered. Vol. For "the onlybegotten Son. 139." There are not then either three Fathers." saith [the Scripture]. and one Son. The worst has been the tampering against the Holy Word revealed by God] //////////// “Alexander. martyred. the only true [God]. that we may know?" And there is also one Paraclete." since "we have been called in one hope of our calling. and was published by Dr. Rosenmuller (1795).." not unto one [person] having three names. 140)”.104 - . but into three possessed of equal honour. and they are now by common consent set aside as forgeries. "What is His name. Wherefore also the Lord.in the fearless exercise of his functions for the instruction and government of the Church. "is one Lord. There is then one God and Father. The epistle to the Philippians is one of that eight [more evidently] spurious documents. God the Word. nor into three [persons] who became incarnate. and in other documents (see below). or what His Son's name. some say in A. 107 (Jerome says 109. D.. possessed of no inconsiderable logical acumen. or three Sons. "One Lord Jesus Christ. in it. “… Ignatius third bishop of Antioch in Syria from the apostle Peter. fifteen epistles which bear the name of Ignatius… it is now the universal opinion… that [at least] the first eight… were spurious… They bear in themselves indubitable proof of being the production of a later age than that in which Ignatius lived. and there is no other besides Him. & T. Eccl." saith [the Scripture]. saw a vision of angels hymning in alternate chants the Holy Trinity…” (Book VI. a shorter and a longer. 36). with perhaps too philosophical minuteness. I. Mosheim (1755).the UNITY of the Holy Trinity. For "the Lord thy God. or three Paracletes.

baptize into the name of the Father.. It is obvious that in the case of an eleventhcentury manuscript the triune formula was almost certain to be inserted in the description of baptism. then warm. B. 1907.1845.] //////////// "And again. A. and any others who can. The Didache was unknown until its discovery in 1873 and its publication in 1883 by Philotheos Bryennios. baptizing them in the name of the Father. therefore. having lost the savour. The Judgment Of Eighty-Seven Bishops On The Baptism Of Heretics. that schismatics cannot season others with spiritual wisdom. But before the baptism. let the baptizer and the baptized fast. Grand Rapids: Wm. but blasphemy of the Trinity. in running water. baptize in other water.105 - . and of the Holy Spirit. D. in order that. Numidia. in the instructions for the Eucharist (communion.--When Stephen. and if thou canst not in cold. One passage refers to the necessity of baptism in the name of the Lord. Concerning The Baptism Of Heretics. which is Jesus. 1-4) teaches a Trinitarian Baptism… Lake raises the probability that the apocryphal Didache of the early Catholic Church Manual may have also been edited or changed to promote the later Trinitarian doctrine. W. Who Assembled At Carthage In The Kalends Of September. 258. But if thou hast not running water." Since. thus baptize ye: having first rehearsed all these things. The Lord’s Day. 99. p. Had By His Letters Condemned The Decrees Of The African Council On The Baptism Of Heretics. by departing from the Church. "All power is given unto me. while the other famous passage (7. and the grace of baptism. Prooemium. and the rule of the ecclesiastical law. in the name of Father and Son and Holy Spirit. And Mauritania. p. 4) the condition for admission is baptism in the name of the Lord. from whose month is expressed poison. but the baptized thou shalt command to fast for one or two days before” "The Didache" (The Teaching). Greek metropolitan of Nicomedia. and of the Son. and of the Son. have become contrary to it" "Euchratius of Thence said: “God and our Lord Jesus Christ. And therefore it is manifest that heretics who come to the Church ought to be baptized with the sound and Catholic baptism. while the less usual formula had a chance of escaping notice when it was only used incidentally" (The Beginnings of Christianity: The Acts of the Apostles. Having Therefore Summoned Eighty-Seven Bishops From Africa. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - ." ” Thus the false and wicked baptism of heretics must be rejected by us. and of the Son. 1. in heaven and in earth. “perhaps Syrian or Palestinian baptismal usage” (Hastings Dictionary of the Bible. Also see Harnack’s note] //////////// “Now as regards baptism. saying: "Go ye and teach all nations. Bishop Of Rome. Go and teach all nations. after His resurrection. baptizing them in the name of the Father. Cyprian Lost No Time In Holding Another Council At Carthage With A Greater Number Of Bishops. But this contained only the Ignatian epistles to Polycarp [also spurious]. not life. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. has entirely completed our faith. It is a historical fact that the Catholic Church at one time baptized its converts in the name of Jesus (See note below. not celestial grace. and refuted with all detestation. which is one. Prolegomena 1). being purified from the blasphemy of their presumption.D. moreover. 1963. the Ephesians and the Romans. 1015). sending His apostles. Vol. saying. since they themselves.. under Cyprian of Carthage) but later changed to the Trinitarian Baptism. Anonymous treatise of the late first or early second century. Crying Stones. pour water upon the head thrice. Harry Rimmer. and of the Holy Ghost. and of the Holy Ghost. But if thou hast neither. it is manifest that heretics--that is. Things to Come. E. 13(6): 64). ["The [trinitarian] evidence of the spurious Didache (also called “Teaching of the Twelve Apostles”)… has an astonishing contradiction that is found in it. He gave them charge. they may be reformed by the grace of the Holy Spirit. teaching the apostles with His own mouth. Eerdmans Publishing Co. 1946. in 9." The Seventh Council Of Carthage Under Cyprian. This opened the controversy afresh…” (Bullinger. 1-4. 7. the enemies of Christ--have not the sound confession of the sacrament. In the actual description of baptism in the Didache the triune (Trinity) formula is used.

. Wiss. God is Spirit: and they that worship him must worship him in spirit and in truth” (Jn 4:23-24)." And by this He showed. 14:18. and by his own authority. and adopted the position that baptism in the name of Christ alone was quite valid.. II. The official church of Rome however ignored his arguments.dwells at length on 'the power in the name of Jesus invoked upon a man in baptism' " (Smith's Dictionary of the Bible. wanting to carry behind them as much people as possible. as you will observe in the letter sent by the same Lucian to Celerinus" The Epistles Of Cyprian. This “Cyprian (of Carthage) used the text: “Baptizing them in the name of Father.7). Microsoft Encarta)] //////////// 14. the Son did. D. To The Clergy Abiding At Rome.] --------3. 286). Cyprian fled from Carthage… His Doctrine in his De Catholicae Ecclesiae Unitate (On the Unity of the Catholic Church). but gave Him not thanks.. "For while the Lord has said that the nations are to be baptized in the name of the Father. commands peace to be granted and sins to be done away in the name of Paulus. At The Beginning Of Which. The Letters On Either Side Had Been Read. infantem baptizatum esse.. that whosoever omitted any one of these. Against The Heresy Of One Noetus. the last being a reply against Cyprian: "The anonymous author of De Rebaptismate in the third century. 1901. the very thing that the true Apostles and disciples of Jesus Christ did since Pentecost (Acts 2:4. that the Father seeks to be worshipped in none other way than this. For the Father willed. knowing the economy (disposition) and the will of the Father. 1 Cor. then. The disciples recognized the Son. Jahrg." 1994. and of the Holy Ghost. we can see that to “worship the Father in spirit and in truth” is through manifesting “holy spirit”. and of the Holy Ghost. The next are the real words that Jesus has to say about the true worshipping. wherefore they also denied Him. i. ignorant of the precept and of the law. “the most important 3rd-century theologian of the Roman church and the first “antipope” ”). Saint. Hippolytus of Rome (circa 170-235. 8:17-19. and also in two other anonymous treatises related to him (against Novatian and on re-baptism. p. p 352. therefore. 72) and in a treatise (12) Cyprian (circa 200-58) contends harshly on his promotion of the trinity. 10:44-46. For it is through this Trinity that the Father is glorified. as a “battle-cry” in his strife with Pope Stephen I (Epist. 19 was not yet authoritatively fixed by the church" (Zeitschrift f. “When Decius.106 - . D. to make them to believe in their own particular views and opinions instead of the pure well of the Scriptures given by God. The Father's Word. [The “Prooemium” is the original heading text and on it can be seen the heart of that leadership. this man. [In at least three other epistles (24. proclaim this truth. 73 and just before “ad Iubaianum”). Neutest.. Condemns The Assumption Of Stephen. to wit. and their past sins are to be done away in baptism. 9:17." The Extant Works And Fragments Of Hippolytus: Part II. Vol. For the Jews glorified (or gloried in) the Father. It in some measure explains this decision of the Popes that the text of Mt 28. By Implication. the Spirit manifested. and of the Son.This Third Council On The Same Matter Of Baptism Was Then Celebrated. quoting De Rebaptismate 6. gave this charge to the disciples after He rose from the dead: "Go ye and teach all nations. Eph. but not in the Holy Ghost. far from Hippolytus: “the true worshippers shall worship the Father in spirit and in truth: for the Father seeketh such to worship him.. After. 14-15. emperor of Rome. for they did not recognize the Son. 19:6. is an exposition of the hierarchical organization of the church” ("Cyprian. si baptizans dicit: Baptizo te in nomine Christi”. Epistle XXII. but by believing in truth in Father and Son and Holy Spirit. baptizing them in the name of the Father. After a careful examination of the Word of God. d. 6:18What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Hippolytus is imposing his views in a wrong and absolutist way. and he says that this was commanded him by Paulus. failed in glorifying God perfectly. instituted a persecution of the Christians. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . "we cannot otherwise think of one God. Cyprian. Son and Holy Spirit”. The whole Scriptures. 62. and of the Son. [Here. As the canon of the Synod of Nemours (1284) expresses it: “Dicimus. is even wrongfully accusing of “not recognizing holy ghost” over the very disciples of Jesus Christ.

wisdom. became progressively more harsh in his later works” [if he really wrote them].geocities. but in aspect.). are types of the Trinity. Tertullian [if he wrote that] seems to be criticizing positions like the one held by Hippolytus and. [Tertullian (~160-220 A. if you really want to unlock the truth and the power of holy spirit within your life. Chap. As stated before. VII. Mk. “the first important ecclesiastical writer in Latin. because. which distributes the Unity into a Trinity. The Doctrine Of The Holy Trinity.htm] //////////// What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. How they are susceptible of number without division. the Son. as nothing on it is found on the Bible. while the mystery of the dispensation is still guarded. who needs light. “his views on ethics and discipline. of God. III. [This is an earlier writing that wrongfully allowed the identification of “the Word” with a second person in this “doctrine of men”. wanting to be more “specific”. and of “wisdom” with a third one] //////////// Chap. not in substance. how can Tertullian have really argued himself that the church alone has the authority to declare what is and what is not orthodox (including water baptism in the name of the trinity). “The numerical order and distribution of the Trinity they assume to be a division of the Unity. and of one condition. and the Trinity rationally considered constitute the truth. 14:2. can be found by carefully reading the Bible. the real “mystery of this dispensation” according to God. And the fourth is the type of man. under the name of the Father. D. In All Essential Points. is given in: http//www. not in condition. and His Word. 16:17. by unity (that is) of substance. rigorously ascetic from the first. but in degree. Please. the Son. The Doctrine Of The Trinity In Unity Rescued From These Misapprehensions. and simply prejudged.107 - .D.--Of The Fourth Day. as was within the true disciples of Jesus Christ at the beginning)] //////////// “…the three days [of Genesis 1] which were before the luminaries [of the day four]. while they take to themselves pre-eminently the credit of being worshippers of the One God.--Sundry Popular Fears And Prejudices. Sometimes Called The Divine Economy. In Which He Defends. he adds his unbearable philosophy and imaginations. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . They are constantly throwing out against us that we are preachers of two gods and three gods.--The Catholic Doctrine Of The Trinity And Unity. Bullinger’s summary about the real “mystery” revealed to us by God. however. and of the Son. the Word. “…only that it may not seem that each perversion of the truth is condemned without examination. leader of the heretical Montanists”. and the Holy Ghost are the very selfsame Person.19. and His wisdom. II. but in form. Or Dispensation Of The Personal Relations Of The Godhead. and of one power. in that All are of One. from whom these degrees and forms and aspects are reckoned.Book II. As if in this way also one were not All. man…” Theophilus Of Antioch: Theophilus To Autolycus -.” Tertullian. whereas the Unity which derives the Trinity out of its own self is so far from being destroyed.com/fdocc2/mystery.” Chap. if he was himself considered an heretic by the organized church of his time? [Those statements smack as being from Cyprian’s pen]. yet of one substance. which supposes itself to possess the pure truth.21. Against Praxeas. XV. placing in their order the three Persons--the Father. especially in the case of this heresy. Jude 20. not in power. that it is actually supported by it. I beg you to read carefully each of the verses quoted here in your own Bible. will be shown as our treatise proceeds. that so there may be God. and of the Holy Ghost. which are absent of any kind of divine logic. just as if the Unity itself with irrational deductions did not produce heresy. and the Holy Ghost: three. This opinion of Tertullian [if was of him] became glorified in the catholic dogma of the holy trinity in the form of: “one true God in three different persons”. 1 Cor. inasmuch as He is one God. in thinking that one cannot believe in One Only God in any other way than by saying that the Father.

"Eustathius. ecclesiastic. Patr.. Chapter I] //////////// Lecture IV. and all acknowledged that there is one God in a Trinity of Persons... Colossians ii.. 19. bishop of Antioch. accuses Eusebius Pamphilus of perverting the Nicene Creed. so that the faith of such as believe in the mystery of the Trinity might have its due preeminence: but it was her singleness of mind and her devotion to her God that met with our Lord's approval. One and Only. but was begotten from the beginning Son of the Father. [“Cyril of Jerusalem (315?-87).. it is the custom at baptism to ask. By Whom All Things Were Made. but Eusebius denies that he violates that exposition of the faith. Roman emperor of the East. He would have known also that the name of Son was implied in that of Father and the name of Father in that of Son. D. for these were revealed to the Apostles after the resurrection of Christ. Cyril was immediately involved in new difficulties and was banished [third deposition] in 367 by Valens. each of them wrote volumes as if contending against adversaries: and although it was admitted on both sides that the Son of God has a distinct person and existence.) What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Hebrews I. Who is in all things likes to Him that begat. they could not agree among themselves. 4 “. Who was begotten God of God. yet. Believe also in the Son of God. and therefore were never at peace…" Nicetas Choniates. baptized in the name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost. begotten Life of Life and Light of Light.” Lecture XI. Begotten Of The Father Very God Before All Ages. from what cause I am unable to divine." 1994. Son of the Father." 18 “.." ” [The Life And Writings Of Eusebius Of Caesarea. Of Christ. Microsoft Encarta)] //////////// ".. and King of King. 8. On The Ten Points Of Doctrine. our Lord Jesus Christ. 1. “Thesaurus of the Orthodox Faith”. how can you say that sins can be remitted among the Arians. Migne. and Power of Power. 7.. Miscell. but in person. Cyril was again restored to his episcopate [after his second deposition]. The Only-Begotten Son Of God. do you believe in Holy Church? Do you believe in the remission of sins? What Church do you say he believed in? The Church of the Arians?... emperor of Rome. Chap. Life of Life begotten.. God of God. quotation also found in Theodorus Metochita. //////////// In the Nicaean Council “Eusebius said to Euphration: "the Son is himself God. and recriminates. being above all beginning and all ages. becomes a temple of the Lord. “7.seeing that a man.. and Truth of Truth. XIV Century. and God of God. 949.108 - .. had believed in the mysteries of the Trinity.. He presents the creed of the church in a more nearly complete and systematic manner than the writings of any other…” ("Cyril of Jerusalem. after the confession of faith in the Trinity. we can hardly think that a man brought up in the Capitol would have learnt the doctrine of the co-essential Trinity. and Holy Spirit are not divided in nature. Power of Power. He would have known in that case that the Father..” Jerome... and Wisdom of the Wise. CXLTV. On The Words. begotten Light of Light. In consequence of these misunderstandings. Upon the death of Constantius II. and the characteristics of the Godhead are unchangeable in the Son. nor that poor woman who for twelve years was wasting away with a bloody flux. but not true God. Deposed three times. Son. and that while the old abode is destroyed a new shrine is built for the Trinity. Cap. “father of the church” and “Doctor of the Church”. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - ." Cyril Of Jerusalem: Catechetical Lectures..D. Who received not His being in time. and Light of Light. Book F. begotten Life of Life. saying that Eustathius was a defender of the opinion of Sabellius.in all things the Son is like to Him who begat Him.Besides. and His Righteousness personally subsisting: Who sitteth on the right hand of the Father before all ages. Lat. eternal of a Father eternal. in all things like to Him who begot Him. Saint. but was before all ages eternally and incomprehensibly begotten of the Father: The Wisdom and the Power of God. he returned after the emperor's death in 378.He was not begotten to be other than He was before. The Dialogue Against The Luciferians (~379 A.

Chapter VII-Out Of Nothing God Made Heaven And Earth. yet. Augustine and many others wrote innumerable pages regarding the trinity… Augustine also quotes the Bible which says that “the spiritual man is not judged by any man”… but Augustine himself is What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Let us make man.” Book XIII.[The Luciferians were the followers of one man called Lucifer. there is in God also a Trinity …unchangeably the Selfsame. To Be. “. my God as the Trinity. Chapter XXII-He Explains The Divine Image Of The Renewal Of The Mind. in Thy Son. Which is Thy Wisdom.. and to. if indeed it be It? Rare is the soul. and there prove and feel how far they be. For I Am. to discern the Trinity of the Unity. Gregory of Nazianzus. After the image of God. I searched further in His holy words. and Trine Unity. knows what it speaks of. Now the three I spake of are. and the Unity of the Trinity.” Book XIII. as I did. the Trinity. and to Will. createdst heaven and earth …under the name of God. but also with the monk and theologian Tyrannius Rufinus and with Augustine” ("Jerome. after the image of Him that created him: and being made spiritual. D. because Thou. Chapter V." 1994. “…verily that heaven of heavens which Thou createdst in the Beginning. now the Trinity appears unto me in a glass darkly. O Father.He Recognises The Trinity In The First Two Verses Of Genesis. and to Know …and whether because of these three. Eusebius Hieronymus (circa 345-420). pronounce thereon rashly? Book XIII. Chapter XI-That The Symbols Of The Trinity In Man. and as impossible as that is.Thou mightest create them. which while it speaks of It. Creator of all creation. and believing. Augustine asks of the trinity: “Which of us comprehendeth the Almighty Trinity? … if indeed it be It?”. that are in themselves. Thy Spirit moved upon the waters. the Son. Saint. impossible also is to understand “the holy doctrine of the trinity”). After our likeness. And they contend and strive. -who can readily conceive this? who could any ways express it? who would. and Will: I Am Knowing and Willing: and I Know myself to Be. my God. Wherefore to that said in the plural. which while it speaks of It. by the abundant greatness of its Unity. spent three years in Constantinople with the Eastern church father. Are Never Thoroughly Examined. To Know. Father. Bishop of Cagliari in Sardinia] [“Jerome. now made capable.Thou teachest him. And To Will. One Trinity. To Be.109 - . that is. and became secretary to Pope Damasus I and gained much influence… Jerome engaged in controversy not only with the heretics Jovinian (4th century) and Vigilantius (4th-5th century) and the adherents of Pelagianism. is some intellectual creature. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . I now held the Father..” Augustine Confessions (401 A. yet partaketh of Thy eternity.. Chapter IX-That The Heaven Of Heavens Was An Intellectual Creature. nobody can understand that doctrine (there is even an Augustine’s fable of a little child trying to put the whole ocean into a small hole in the sand. although no ways coeternal unto Thee. which is Thou my God. But That The Earth Was Invisible And Formless Before The Days That It Was Made”. “rare is the soul. equal unto Thee and coeternal. “. knows what it speaks of. and Holy Ghost.) [Here. And God made man: and to that said in the plural. St. without peace”. I would that men would consider these three.. where they may practice themselves. Book XII. any way. and Son. Behold the Trinity.. he judgeth all things (all things which are to be judged). but yet that doctrine is the cornerstone of the catholic religion and of many others at this very moment and time. no man sees that vision. These three be indeed far other than the Trinity: I do but tell. which. in whom He made these things. to Know.. Microsoft Encarta)] //////////// Book XII. According to Augustine.. yet himself is judged of no man.D. later he says: “who can readily conceive this? who could any ways express it?”. And they contend and strive. in Latin. and under the name of Beginning. and for that “incomprehensible” reason. is yet subjoined in the singular. is subjoined in the singular. “Lo. without peace. Thus is man renewed in the knowledge of God. and Know. and to Will: and I Will to Be.. who made these things. yet. O God. born of Thyself. in Him Who is the Beginning of our wisdom. “Which of us comprehendeth the Almighty Trinity? and yet which speaks not of It.

in 372 she bore him a son. 1994) exposes Augustinian inconsistencies when saying. “we”. coequal member of the Trinity)”. I searched further in His holy words”. and then. Patricius (died about 371). Augustine dismissed the oriental idiom of speech “Heterosis” here in Genesis: “the first person plural pronouns “us”. 3. was he also part of some trinity?). and ye believe not. We speak that we do know. as I did. are used to indicate the magnitude of the incident to which God related Himself. this same Augustine is one of the highest and foremost “doctors and pillars for the doctrine of the holy trinity”. my God as the Trinity. its moral code was not unpleasantly strict. was a devout Christian who labored untiringly for her son's conversion and who was canonized by the Roman Catholic church. verily. Jesus (singular) talked of himself in plural in the next statement: “Art thou a master of Israel. the catholic church persecuted and even killed. was a pagan (later converted to Christianity). Other examples are: when Jesus was talking with Nicodemus. based on that kind of “standards”. he seemed to hear a voice. Dn. Let’s see how Augustine went to the Bible having the trinitarian preconceived idea on the front of his forehead: “believing. Accordingly. he opened to Romans 13:13-14. an Heterosis also can be seen in Mr. Augustine lived with a Carthaginian woman whose name is unknown. not a trinity but a “huge host” of faithful servants. where he read: “…not in What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. then the most distinguished ecclesiastic in Italy. By other side. I say unto thee.] [“Augustine (354-430). This Augustine is the same one that attempted to do a harmony of the gospels. how shall ye believe. 83-84). and “our”. Between the ages of 15 and 30. Augustine later recorded in his Confessions: “Give me chastity and continence. the plural is used for the singular when great excellence or magnitude is denoted” (Wierwille. every one else who was not able to accept “the nonunderstandable” doctrine of the trinity (see “the Inquisition”). “In the West.” He interpreted this as a divine exhortation to open the Scriptures and read the first passage he happened to see. Jesus Christ is not God. under the commands of God.judging what is meant to be “spiritual”.” Disillusioned by the impossibility of reconciling certain contradictory Manichaeist doctrines. 1:26. and ye receive not our witness. and against God’s will. D. Jerome dismissed such bad “advice”. and many were collaborating with Him. One day. St. and we will tell the interpretation thereof before the king” (Daniel alone is speaking. Monica. but his mother. Whereunto shall we liken the kingdom of God? or with what comparison shall we compare it?”. Even “Microsoft Encarta” ("Trinity (theology). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . but according to Augustine’s own imaginations and preconceived flawed teachings and ideas. With such kind of “foundation for Augustine’s Biblical research”. from 373 until 382. Augustine's influential work De Trinitate (On the Trinity. not according to the Bible. 2:25-26. His father. This Augustine of Hippo is the same that wrote to Jerome indicating him that he should dismiss the Hebrew Old Testament original texts but rather. it looks for the answers”. but did a work of low quality. to use the Greek Septuagint (of a lower quality). p. repeating. For nine years. which eventually. “Take up and read. according to his own account.” “When a plural noun or pronoun is used. as we will see in Jerome’s Letters. and knowest not these things? Verily. when God said “Let us make man… after our likeness” in Gen. but not just now. Augustine abandoned this philosophy and turned to skepticism. 4:30 “And he (Jesus) said. Augustine was the first one that stated that. but the singular case is true to fact. “Research doesn’t begin with the answers. His angels were already created (Job 38:7). when God created man. it was in plural because the trinity was present there. whom he named Adeodatus. like that of a child. “Mystifying” figures of speech by the imaginations of men is a bias to promote erroneous doctrines (other of such examples can be seen in the absurd doctrine of the “transubstantiation”). fortunately.110 - . became “dogmas”. 3:10-12)”. Then he came under the influence of the philosophy of Neoplatonism and also met the bishop of Milan. for “The Vulgate”. However. and testify that we have seen. Ambrose. 400-16) compared the three-in-oneness of God with analogous structures in the human mind and suggested that the Holy Spirit may be understood as the mutual love between Father and Son (although this second point seems difficult to reconcile with the belief that the Spirit is a distinct. the 4th-century theologian St. and in Daniel 2:36 “this is the dream. If I have told you earthly things. a Persian dualistic philosophy then widely current in the Western Roman Empire. if I tell you of heavenly things? (Jn. he adhered to Manichaeism.

correcting whatever his matured judgment held to be misleading or wrong. So likewise the Father is Lord. He refers more than once in his Harmony of the Gospels to his ignorance of the original language of the Old Testament. it was not his habit to prosecute these studies with the original in his view. So there is one Father. he registered his final verdict upon his earlier books. For like as we are compelled by the Christian verity: to acknowledge every Person by Himself to be God and Lord. but begotten. But the God-head of the Father. he was baptized by Ambrose. Hence we find him missing many explanations which would at once have suggested themselves. another of the Son: and another of the Holy Ghost. is all one: the Glory equal. D. Roman Catholic and Protestant theology alike are largely based on their more purely theological aspects. the Son incomprehensible: and the Holy Ghost incomprehensible. ("Augustine. And yet they are not three Almighties: but one Almighty. had he not so implicitly followed the imperfect versions [in Latin] of the sacred text” (S. John Calvin and Martin Luther. Neither confounding the Persons: nor dividing the Substance. In his theology. As also there are not three incomprehensible. Microsoft Encarta)] //////////// I. “And the Catholic Faith is this: That we worship one God in Trinity. nor created. The Roman Catholic church has found special satisfaction in the institutional or ecclesiastical aspects of his doctrines. to gratify its desires. Athanasius’. or three Lords. And in this Trinity none is afore. and no Hebrew. Thoroughly versed in Latin literature. mother of Augustine. and make no provision for the flesh. So likewise the Father is Almighty. progress. nor three un-created: but one un-created. and one incomprehensible. an office he held until his death. Commonly Called ‘The Creed Of St. And yet they are not three eternal: but one eternal. D. Saint. not three Holy Ghosts. the Western church's great Father and Doctor of the 4th and 5th centuries. not in quarreling and jealousy. were both close students of Augustine. S. and predestination. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . against Manichaeism he vigorously defended the place of free will in cooperation with grace. or after other: none is greater.” Confession Of ‘Our Christian Faith’. He therefore that will be saved: must thus think of the Trinity. the Son is God: and the Holy Ghost is God. he held that human spiritual disobedience had resulted in a state of sin that human nature was powerless to change. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. He became bishop of Hippo (now Annaba. Microsoft Encarta). and as the one who received Augustine into the church” ("Ambrose. The Father eternal. without alluding to the distinction between Greek words. Saint. nor begotten. the Majesty co-eternal. the Son Almighty: and the Holy Ghost Almighty. the Son is Lord: and the Holy Ghost is Lord. The Father un-create. and of the Holy Ghost. there be three Gods. Algeria) in 395. So we are forbidden by the Catholic Religion: to say. Such as the Father is. or less than another. In the Retractions (428). not in debauchery and licentiousness. and Trinity in Unity. and destiny of the church and establish it as the proper successor to paganism. in Augustine’s Harmony of the Gospels). men and women are saved by the gift of divine grace. nor created. the Son un-create: and the Holy Ghost un-create. But put on the Lord Jesus Christ. and the Trinity in Unity. But the whole three Persons are co-eternal together: and co-equal. is to be worshipped. divine sovereignty. leaders of the Reformation. as is aforesaid: the Unity in Trinity.” He immediately resolved to embrace Christianity. “Ambrose is best known as the sympathizing friend of Monica. The Holy Ghost is of the Father and of the Son: neither made. Microsoft Encarta) “Augustine was deficient in exact scholarship. “Augustine.111 - . Against Pelagian doctrine. of the Son. nor begotten. For there is one Person of the Father. And yet they are not three Gods: but one God. So that in all things. The Father is made of none: neither created." 1994. he knew little Greek. The Father incomprehensible. The Son is of the Father alone: not made. Along with his natural son. such is the Son: and such is the Holy Ghost. but proceeding. the Son eternal: and the Holy Ghost eternal. not three Sons: one Holy Ghost. Augustine developed his doctrines of original sin and divine grace." 1994. And yet not three Lords: but one Lord. F. one Son. Translator's Introductory Notice.revelry and drunkenness. So the Father is God." 1994. Saint Thomas. The last 12 books of his “City of God (413-26)” trace the origin. taught that in the search for truth people must depend upon sense experience” ("Aquinas. not three Fathers.

Cambridge. Athanasius proposed a political common front with conservative Arians (which he used to designate as “Ariomaniacs”) in his fight against the heathen policies of Julian. pp. the logos that they want to be also in us). But a calmer. p. a power independent of the emperor which he built up and perpetuated by violence… like modern gangsters. Rubenstein.. they are hopelessly confused. he insists. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .” Athanasius was a disciple of Alexander of Alexandria. inter alia. "We certainly know of a greater number of interpolations and corruptions brought into the Scriptures by the Athanasians. He says God actually became Jesus despite the fact that. but does not depart from it as doctrine. Harcourt. but. he and his friends borrow a word from Greek philosophy – homoousios (consubstancial. consustancial)– to express it. Egypt. the Son describes himself as being other than the Father and less than Him… Athanasius simply ignores New Testament words that are “inconsistent” with his theory! In fact. D. condemned by the Council of Tyre (335). quoted in Appendix 6). p 15). While we have not. but God Himself.” Barnes. theologian of the “incarnation” (“the incarnation of the logos” in Spanish “la encarnación del verbo”. and relating to the Doctrine of the Trinity. “in Alexandria. and that Christ.” “if his character had been more “saintly” (as the term is commonly used). not our representative and intermediary. Jesus Christ is not one of God’s creatures. Constantine and Eusebius.] [Sir William Whiston stated. Athanasius maintains that this utterly transcendent God transformed Himself into a man.. The Truth. 176. being God. and then resurrected Himself! Doesn’t this mixture of Creator and creature sound pagan?… Athanasius hastens to add that the Father’s method of generating the Son is beyond human understanding. proclaimed total innocence – and usually succeeded in evading conviction on specific charges. When Jesus Became God.. any such interpolation or corruption made in any one of them [the Scriptures] by either the Eusebians or Arians. he evoked widespread mistrust. 117-9. 196-7. actually. The problem is not only that Athanasius’s theory mixes God with His creation. 2 Tim. from the universe of moral turmoil… how can we hope to imitate Jesus? And if he is God Himself. Athanasius was an enemy of Arius. “In the last half of the fourth century. suffered. “Athanasius of Alexandria: Bishop of Alexandria from 328. becoming a man” “la encarnación de Dios. and win” “Athanasius was clearly the most powerful man in Egypt in the early 350’s”. 1981. etc. hecho hombre”. MA: Harvard University Press. would Jesus have made of that?. 1719. 234. Athanasius was “quite prepared to use the violent methods of the streets when necessary. died. exiled five times. These sound like clear statements. Athanasius maintained an ecclesiastical mafia… he could instigate a riot or prevent the orderly administration of the city. What does this unscriptural word mean? Athanasius says that God… choose to turn Himself into a man for “the sake of our salvation”." (Second letter to the Bishop of London.["The Creed of Athanasius. 63. But. since he cannot find any basis in Scripture for his conception. he might not have been exiled quite so often. than in any other case whatsoever. T.” Athanasius argues that God the Father is also God the Son. more loving personality might not have been sufficiently energized by determination and rage to endure. the text 'in the name of the Father and of the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 230-31. (see Appendix 4 to deal with Rubenstein’s conclusion). This Athanasius is considered by Catholics as “Doctor of their Church” and is another of the “pillars for the doctrine of the trinity”. it’s reasoning is that as God = logos and Christ = logos so God = Christ. D. was perfect by nature and could not change as humans do. The Anglo-American Church has ceased to recite this Confession in public worship. “incarnated” in human form. one wonders. The name “Alexander” was associated with rebellion against the Word of God since the last days of Paul the Apostle (1 Tim. how can he intervene on our behalf?… What. R. How can Jesus be a model for human behavior if he was incapable of change? Athanasius’ answer is that this is a matter that is beyond human understanding! Indeed! Everything about Athanasius’ theories are beyond human understanding.112 - . as the logos is the Word of God. retaliate.." is acknowledged to embody the (Athanasian) doctrine of the Nicene Council. 4:14. that according to the theology of Athanasius means “the incarnation of God. 1999. but also that it removes Jesus entirely from human society. the one will and purpose that was common for Christ and for God.E. 1:20. and leader of the Nicene party. to accomplish worthwhile goals. throughout the Gospels. However. but that is not to be found in the Bible. that I know of. 211.

318-381 A. I. 390 AD) to a special show in that city’s arena. 723-726. so the church has the right to set them aside as regards the Eucharist. ad.” in Schaff and Wace. c.] //////////// “The difference of the hypostases [persons or beings?] does not dissolve the continuity of their nature. they lacked the triune reading of Mt 28:19]” (Hibbert Journal .. second series. b. quoted by: Rubenstein. nor does the community of their nature dissipate the particularity of their characteristics.D. //////////// “As the Apostles deviated from their master’s precept given in Mt. The same can be said of the followers of Eunomius (Socr. 19!”. Clark. Whence we infer that their texts agreed with that of Eusebius [meaning. sole emperor (379-395). Edinburgh: T. 28:19 in regard to baptism. he invited some seven thousand citizens of Thessalonica (Thessoloníki.: Hendrickson Publishers.113 - . F. p. 1988. “Rise of Christianity”. no matter how sincere that tampering may have appeared for such religious and political leadership. too. and co-eternal with the Father and the Son. Edinburgh: T. 5. pp. However. p. R.P. My comment is that an adulteration in the Word of God (in Mt. He had a bloody temper. 234. Williams. and conceive. & T. Mass. 9. Episcopis Tradi. When Jesus Became God. because they declined to include the Spirit in a Trinity of persons as co-equal. by withholding the cup from the laity”. he persecuted the Arians ("Theodosius I. outlawed Arianism. 66. August of the East (369-383). Theodosius was born in Spain and was the last man to rule a united Roman Empire. 1433 to the Council of Bàle (Mansi Concilia XXXIX. John (l.. E. Clark.C. 381 A. 821). The edict of Theodosious I (Hanson. 1994).. 858)] [Conybeare comments (in 1901) “I do not know if any will pursue his hypothesis a little further and argue that the Apostles. who were called 'pneumatomachi' or 'fighters against the Holy Spirit'. that reasoning is at the root of the catholic custom to withhold the cup from the “laity”. 318-381 A. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. D. consubstantial.P. eds. Microsoft Encarta)]. but into the death of Christ” (Encyclopedia Biblica. 1988. & T. “Ambrose of Milan”. [Theodosious I. and Aquinas is the catholic “sacred bull”. article: Baptism)] //////////// “We now order that all churches are to be handed over to the bishops who profess Father. Gregory of Nyssa. as in a riddle.] What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Etc. col. but [who affirm] the order of the trinity to be recognizing the Persons and uniting the Godhead. 28:19) have brought more pain and confusion and transgression against God’s originally revealed Word. D. 624-625. 1999. R.. only to massacre them as punishment for a riot that had killed one of his officials” (Frend. 224.” Theodosious I Roman Emperor. The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God: The Arian Controversy. They also stoutly denied that any text in the New Testament authorized such a co-ordination of the Spirit with the Father and Son. R. who establish no difference by sacrilegious separation. “De Communione Sub Utraque Species” [addressed A. 863). also introduced the Eusebian form of text at Mt 28.D.. “On the Holy Trinity” and “On Not Three Gods. of a new and paradoxical unity in distinction and distinction in unity… God is not God because he is Father nor the Son because he is the Son. “saint” and “doctor of the catholic church”]. a.C. col. when they “set aside the “formam traditam per Dominum”. Conybeare). but because both possess the ousia [substance or essence?] of Godhead” [Gregory of Nyssa. Greece.Son and of the Holy Ghost' was used as a battle-cry by the orthodox against the adherents of Macedonius. of the same glory. 5. Harcourt.D. John of Ragusa.. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Hanson. “Theodosius was an enthusiastic persecutor… Manicheans were hunted down and killed. convenor of the Council of Constantinople (381). vol. Son and Holy Spirit of a single majesty. 326-336." 1994. (Peabody. The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God: The Arian Controversy.. of one splendor. Do not be amazed if we declare that the same thing is united and distinct. He was a strong champion of orthodox Christianity. Dogmatic Treatises. as Thomas Aquinas propounded the same ill argument [in III.24)— “for they baptise not into the trinity.

p. Gregory of Nyssa and Gregory Nazianzus are considered as “The Cappadocian Fathers”. Vol.] [Basil was called upon by the bishop of Caesarea to defend catholic doctrines against the heretical attacks of the Arians. in 371 or 372. who was bishop of Nazianzus. ‘namely. is a third individual being (or Person) “consubstantial” with the Father and the Son” ” [Basil of Caesarea (“Basil the Great”): in Pelikan.baptized in 360 by his father. And regarding the Holy Spirit. I. reconciling the world unto Himself (2 Cor. a small village in Cappadocia. As a theologian. and his younger brothers Gregory and Peter of Sebaste are all venerated as saints” ("Basil. and some have been uncertain which to call him… And therefore they neither worship him nor treat him with dishonor. Jaroslav. Microsoft Encarta)] Basil “the Great” of Cesarea. The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine. some as a creature. Hoping to prevent further schism.] [“Gregory of Nazianzus (circa 329-89).P. Clark. 687-688. 318-381 A. some as God. Gregory took charge of the Nicene congregation of Constantinople. 5:19). The Christian Tradition: A History of the Development of Doctrine. Saint. where he remained until his death ("Gregory of Nazianzus. & T. There he delivered five discourses on the Trinity that earned him fame as The Theologian. 1988. “Love of the Beautiful”).D. Saint. his sister Macrina. Basil of Caesarea (“Basil the Great”) described Jesus as a “sharer of [God’s] nature. D. but take up a neutral position. Edinburgh: T. 213. “of the wise men among ourselves. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Basil and Emmelia. Paulist Press. “If Kasper meant what he said. Microsoft Encarta)] //////////// “ “Was the Lord’s prayer addressed only to the hypostasis [being?] of the Father as “our Father” and the Father of the Son. Basil later became bishop of Caesarea and. but that may not be what Kasper means. it would be true because God was in Christ. some have conceived of him as an activity. “In 370 he himself was elected bishop of Caesarea. R. but retired in the face of resistance from the Arians. Chicago: University of Chicago Press." 1994. he was exiled from Nyssa in 376 to 378. pp. 1971. In the next year he was sent by the church to reorganize the churches of Arabia” ("Gregory of Nyssa.. Chicago: University of Chicago Press." 1994. Saint. God Himself has entered into human history. Convicted of these charges.C.. Jesus ‘understands himself’ “from above” in his whole human existence’… the Council of Chalcedon provided a ‘valid and permanently binding’ version of what the New Testament teaches. After his return Gregory was a strong supporter of the orthodox position against the Arians at the first Council of Constantinople in 381. p." 1994.’ ” [Walter Kasper. Microsoft Encarta] //////////// “The Father is greater than the Son in the sense that the Son derived his equality and being from Him. prevailed upon Gregory to accept the see of Sasima. With Basil compiled an anthology of the writings of the Christian teacher and theologian Origen. not created by fiat. 223. granting his truthfulness to the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.114 - . He was appointed bishop.[“The Arians charged Gregory with fraud in his election to the bishopric and with mishandling the funds of his office. 379. The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600). his parents. The Search for the Christian Doctrine of God: The Arian Controversy. 222-223. [that] in Jesus Christ.” but he “shares the same divine essence. Basil's grandmother Macrina. or to the entire ousia [essence?] of the Godhead?” Basil’s answer… was to declare that “what was common to the Three and what was distinctive among them lay beyond speech and comprehension and therefore beyond either analysis or conceptualization”… Adopting an idea of Origen’s that easterners would appreciate. Hanson. Vol. a post he held until his death on January 1. //////////// “Far from considering himself only a man.” [Gregory of Nazianzus in: Pelikan. The Emergence of the Catholic Tradition (100-600). but shining out continuously from his ousia [essence?]”. I. 1971. 1976. called the Philokalia (Greek. he returned to Nazianzus. God in Christ did enter into human history. Jesus the Christ. Jaroslav.

or (which is the same thing) in the unity of God…. he was official theologian for the Second Vatican Council. the Son is God. because the “historic creeds” are in error. The trinity is co-eternal. L. in Serm. without beginning or end. to use the words Trinity and Person… 4… a Trinity of Persons subsisted in the one God. 113-122] //////////// “Matthew does not here report the ipsissima verba of Jesus. Feb. Encyclopaedia Biblica..] //////////// “The doctrine of the trinity states that the Father is God.” [Time Magazine. pastor] //////////// 3… the church was impelled. 17 …nothing can be more admirable than the words of Gregory Nanzianzen: (Greg. as it were by anticipation." 1994. chairman of a bishops’ conference. they form one God.115 - . eternal Son of God. s. an Augustinian from the Netherlands. to perform the office of Mediator.. “New Debate on Jesus”.).). D. that the Word of God was the supreme angel. the Holy Spirit is God and together. when he maintained that God was never manifested to Abraham and the Patriarchs. Hans.” [Dr. For though he were not clothed with flesh. trans. Grand Rapids: Wm. The orthodox doctors of the Church have correctly and wisely expounded.. 1966. Which we have seen in the Bible to be wrong ”] //////////// “Kung’s wrote that: “God ‘was present. B. Canon Armitage Robinson. 27. Nanzian. His work “The Council.” [Ansfried Hulsbosch. should ‘no longer speak of a union of the divine and human nature in one pre-existent person’. yet he What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Kasper would most likely mean it was God who came – not Jesus Christ the Son of God. Doctrine of the Christian Religion. but Jesus Christ. 1978. he wrote. Microsoft Encarta)] //////////// “Ansfried Hulsbosch “issued a manifesto against the Council of Chalcedon... 5… there is a Trinity of Persons in one Divine essence. not exclusively. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . by the strongest necessity.. //////////// “No one can explain the trinity. pp. de Sacro Baptis. at work. 1962) questions the doctrine of “infallibility” and calls for reform in both the Roman Catholic and Protestant churches. 10… Impiety of Servetus refuted… [Calvin affirms that] the Son appeared in the form of an angel. trans. His commission to teach as part of the Roman Catholic faculty was revoked in 1979 ("Kung. created “a distressing insecurity of faith” and charged that Hans Küng had failed to explain how his Christology could be reconciled with the historic creeds. Hans (1928. ] [Küng. H. Reform and Reunion” (1960. speaking. Among his major works are “The Church. wrote a letter accusing Kung of evading a binding creed and demanded in exasperation: ‘Is Jesus Christ the pre-existing. In 1975 the Vatican's Sacred Congregation for the Doctrine of the Faith issued a warning to Küng against further theological writing or teaching. Eerdmans Publishing Co. 1967). "I cannot think of the unity without being irradiated by the Trinity: I cannot distinguish between the Trinity without being carried up to the unity"… 19… Augustine's fifth book on the Trinity is wholly devoted to the explanation of this subject. but… an angel.“Council of Chalcedon”. Kunst. Infallible?” (1967. Historic creeds can’t be reconciled with the truth of the Bible. the persons in this Trinity. but transfers to him the familiar language of the church of the Evangelist’s own time and locality”. The church. We simply accept it by faith. 1967.. acting and definitely revealing himself’ in Jesus’” …Cardinal Hoffner. and coequal” [William Wilson Elder S. But it is far safer to rest contented with the relation as taught by him… a sublime mystery. God the Son. three in one essence. who then began. Hence the impiety of Servetus was the more detestable. one in being with the Father?’… [the Roman Catholic hierarchy] issued a formal warning that the book [that Hans Kung had written].

needs not a long refutation. could not be the Father. Although the essence does not contribute to the distinction. and that this Triad was imaginary. as if it were a part or member.Of The Knowledge Of God The Creator. and especially Servetus. but in form. But he [Servetus according to Calvin] is elsewhere forced to make a more open disclosure of his impiety when he says. not in power. and not common to him [The Father] with the Son… 25. according to Calvin himself. Trinit. is simple and indivisible… the Father differs in some special property from the Son. S. regarded as God. unless he [The Father] have something peculiar to himself. is also of himself. refuted. he is of the Father. For certain restless spirits. if he were not God. The name of Trinity was so much disliked. …Tertullian. In Scripture. but in order… [John Calvin. Book First. Son. At the same time. and without reference to person. that Christ is uniformly called the Son of God. that the spirits of the faithful are co-eternal and consubstantial with God… 23. but ever since Christ came forth… the Spirit… the same Spirit substantially is a portion of God in us. and Spirit. but that. but in degree. M. Fid. however. that a threefold Deity is introduced wherever three Persons are said to exist in his essence. This pool has bred another monster not unlike the former. Thus his essence is without beginning. From The Foundation Of The World] What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. that there is no proper God but the Father…. Error. But as in our day have arisen certain frantic men. We say. inasmuch as it was inconsistent with the unity of God. have thrown every thing into confusion. that the Godhead is absolutely of itself.. while his person has its beginning in God. I say nothing of the insulting terms in which he thought proper to make his charges. there was no distinction in God. the orthodox writers who in former times spoke of the Trinity. not in substance. that God by his eternal reason decreeing a Son to himself… if this be true. though we also say that.The Unity Of The Divine Essence In Three Persons Taught. that he charged all whom he called Trinitarians with being Atheists. indeed. pertaining to the Father. Adv. . that he might have more familiar access to the faithful. nay detested. though his style is sometimes rugged and obscure… delivers the doctrine which we maintain in no ambiguous manner. … the essence of the one God.descended as in an intermediate form. … he could not then be an image or representation of God. His absurd babbling [Servet’s according to Calvin] concerning the person of the Mediator will be seen in its own place (Calvin. such as Servetus and others.116 - . unwilling to share the disgrace and obloquy of the impiety of Servetus. Chapter 13. the persons are not without it. 22. who. that there are three. he would have it that the Persons are certain external ideas… that at first. then. because originally the Word was the same as the Spirit. The sum of his speculations was. not in state. The more modern Anti Trinitarians. it may be worthwhile briefly to discuss their fallacies. Serveti)… The monstrous fiction that a Person is nothing else than a visible appearance of the glory of God. nor could the Son possibly be Son unless he were God. D. for the Father. And. by Servetus. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . have confessed… in such shocking terms as these: that the Father is essentially distinguished from the Son and Spirit by this. Prod. and the Son from the Spirit… [Calvin’s doctrine. regarded as Son. And hence also we hold that the Son. he retained the character which justly belonged to him-that of the God of ineffable glory… Servetus… insinuates… an angel… [but John Calvin declared that] Christ… is the God who was always worshipped by the Jews. namely. indeed. no other Divinity is left to Christ than is implied in his having been ordained a Son by God's eternal decree… Servetus substitutes for the hypostases… the most execrable heresy of all is his confounding both the Son and Spirit promiscuously with all the creatures… This he does especially when he says. that while there is one God… in unity of substance. that he is the only essentiator. This closer intercourse procured for him the name of the Angel still.. .. Institutes Of The Christian Religion. will be a] door… shut against Arius and Sabellius. Defensio Orthodox. Their first pretext for this is. by new devices. nevertheless. The Father certainly cannot differ from the Son. the unity is arranged into Trinity. by the mystery of dispensation. as well as the other ancient authors of error. or external to it.. as Servetus dreams. From this they infer. used this term only with reference to the Persons… 28.

in Roman Catholic practice. Like most catholic creeds. He was arrested while attending church in Geneva. in the writings of Pirminius. Calvin was buried in an unmarked grave in Geneva." 1994. 274. in his De Trinitatis Errobus (On the Error of the Trinity). was not of apostolic origin. He studied law at the University of Toulouse. Although still a nominal Catholic.[Calvin formulated his theology based in the catholic tradition. there was significant opposition to Calvin's leadership in the city. and burned at the stake on October 27.] [About 1545 Michael Servetus (in Spanish. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . "the Apostles' Creed".” when Calvin approved the killing for the captured Servetus. Servetus's religious opinions were strongly opposed by Catholics and Protestants of his time. etc. medicine at the universities of Paris and Montpellier. his Christianismi Restitutio (The Restoration of Christianity). focused on the articles “Father. Calvin remained in Geneva with Farel until 1538. Miguel Serveto.). D. He was born in Tudela. and Michael Servetus was put to death as “heretic. and included the first accurate description of the pulmonary circulatory system. However.” “Holy Spirit. before the first and after the last service each day. In most Protestant churches. Microsoft Encarta). was published shortly before his death in 1553. Servetus was a Spanish physician and theologian executed for his beliefs by the Calvinist government of Geneva. the Creed is recited in the Daily Office. to establish his theology. the spurious foundation of Calvin contains three paragraphs. p. France. which he revised at least five times between 1536 and 1559).] //////////// “The doctrine of the ever blessed Trinity grew by degrees to full maturity. convicted of heresy and blasphemy against Christianity. and blindly followed the articles of a spurious document. 1553. //////////// What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.” and “Church. where he also served as the personal physician to the archbishop ("Calvin. Calvin took pains to emphasize the continuity of his doctrines with the catholic orthodoxy expressed in the Nicene and Chalcedonian creeds. one for each person of the Trinity. Calvin was asked by Guillaume Farel to assist in Geneva's reformation movement. Anglicans and Lutherans use it regularly in Morning and Evening Prayer (Matins and Evensong). Michael.” “Son. as he frequently cited the church fathers and other medieval catholic thinkers (we have seen in the quotations of his book exultant references to Gregory Nazianzen.” A form identical with what is now called the spurious "Apostles' Creed" did not emerge until the early 8th century. and similar versions are also found in the writings of the early (patristic) writers of the catholic Church. II. Tertullian. in 1541 Calvin was requested again to return to Geneva and lead them in reforming the church. he did not become a citizen of Geneva until 1559. Augustin. Dissenting Christians were frequently expelled. the orthodox doctors of the church. "Servetus.” Lightfoot’s Works. His scientific contributions were also notable. 1511-53) began a correspondence with the French Protestant theologian John Calvin. similar confession appears in the baptismal liturgy of "The Apostolic Tradition" of Hippolytus (circa 215). Until the defeat of the Perrin family in 1555. That creed. and theology at Louvain. He remained in that city for the rest of his life. in four books. the tripartite personality of God as well as the ritual of baptism. such as Irenaeus and Tertullian. In 1531 he repudiated. Beginning in 1540 he practiced medicine in Vienne. In 1532 he wrote Dialogorum de Trinitate Libri Duo (Second Book of Dialogues on the Trinity). John". in which they are called “rules of faith. In 1536 Calvin published the 1st edition of his Christianismi Institutio ("Institutes of the Christian Religion".” which he calls the "universal catholic church"). and written against Calvin’s Christianismi Institutio. Navarra Province. being the mystery of the trinity the primary tenet of his theology. when the town voted against Farel and asked both men to leave.117 - . but developed as "the trinitarian water baptism confession" of the "catholic faith". and his theology has been recognized as lying in the Augustinian tradition. it is used periodically at Sunday worship. Vol. Calvin supported the Gnostic practice of the “sacraments” (baptism and the Eucharist) celebrated as mysteries. However. Servetus described his “heretical” opposition to the concept of the Trinity and requested permission to visit the theocratic city of Geneva.

the Lord". 2:18. it is expressed thus. and one in three. Isa. 5:7-8. 6:4. three in one. 11. a spurious dogma based on a spurious text promoted by spurious pro-Nicene. Eph. this is "the Holy Ghost". 6:3.. and again. "Holy Father. as they are termed.) pretends. Simeon (Ib. who proceeds from both. that he himself saw a copy of Jonathan's Targum that had these words. "hear. Holy Son. 1:26. It would be well if proof could be made of it: he asserts it to be in Zohar on Deut. Son God. and Holy Holy Ghost". Athanasian hands] //////////// The next are the scriptures used most commonly to prove the doctrine of the trinity (according to the “Treasury of Scriptural Knowledge”) you can see that two of them where spurious insertions of men: Mat. 28:19. 5:7-8. It affirms… That He subsists in a personality which is threefold. has been always regarded as an unbreakable argument for the doctrine of the Trinity. by the same R. 1 Jn. The conjunction in one name of the Three affirms equality and oneness of substance” Scofield Reference Notes 1917 Edition. and the Holy Spirit is divine.. as we have already discussed Gen 1:26 and how Augustine had the task to put together all the scriptures according to his preconceived imaginations laid to him by men to support the doctrine of the trinity. it is said. 12:4-6. 1:4-6 //////////// What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and indeed the only place in which the Trinity of persons is expressed in this order. this is "the Son". he is called the Son. while all the rest are errors of understanding and of interpretation. esoteric) books of spurious reputation. and by the different parts taken by the Godhead in manifestation and in the work of redemption. c. is the theological basis for the trinity. Father. Jesus gave a direction substantially the same as this. that the ancient Jews used the same way of speaking. Heb. [If somebody wants to lay a foundation in uncertain (gnostic. have generally considered this text as a decisive proof of the doctrine of the holy Trinity” Adam Clarke's Commentary on the Bible //////////// “Unless he [Jesus] himself is divine. he is called "the Father. The form of baptism. therefore. "holy". Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . and in the Targum of Jonathan ben Uzziel on Isa. indicated by relationship as Father and Son.). and--the Holy Ghost. Son.. Mat.If you are not already tired of all the junk adduced to try to justify a deliberate trinitarian pro-Nicene insertion in Mt. 28:19 and 1 Jn. 48:16. Vid. all of the trinitarian interpretations laid on them are speculative imaginations and a “blind and ignorant faith”… That’s not what God says!. Num. [All this again. 3:16-17. the one only living and true God” Family Bible Notes. our God". "is one Lord". c.118 - . he says is. or that the Son and Holy Spirit are equal with the Father” Albert Barnes' Notes on the Bible //////////// “The Father--the Son. "holy". let’s see some of the more recent “efforts” to support an unbearable position: “This is the first. Galatinus (L. 1 Cor.'' ” John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible. None of those scriptures talk of a theological trinity. In the former he says. but no such words are now to be found in either of these places.. 1. "Father God. this is "the Holy Ghost": and in the latter after this manner. this is "the Father". Mat. He affirms. by a mode of being as Spirit. Holy Ghost God. Lex. let him go on with John Gill] //////////// “The orthodox. and in the selfsame words. Gen. D. the "name. from a book called Gale Razia." not names. O Israel. Rev. 2 Cor. 28:19. 13:14. 12. 6:24-27. Buxtorf. and Holy Spirit is the final name of the one true God. "holy". 2. //////////// “The word [“Name”] is in the singular.

//////////// “Baptizing them in the name of the Father. baptism in the name of the Father.” Easton's Bible Dictionary. and into the Holy Spirit. in Baptism the work of the Holy Spirit is fully seen in the water in the name of the Father. (cf. in which "water and blood: were the divinely appointed symbols of moral renovation and atonement” American Tract Society Bible Dictionary. now we have here two spurious trinitarian “schools of thought”. human baptism was the concluding aspect under the law. Let’s live the life that only Christ wants us to live. or pouring or sprinkling water upon them. the Son. and Holy Ghost. Baptism in (eis... [The new baptism is in holy spirit. For the use of eis with onoma in the sense here employed. "into the name" ” Jamieson Fausset and Brown Commentary //////////// “When one is baptized into the name of the trinity. supporters (this is the “pro-trinitarian universe” started by Philo et al. who are the “called upon’s”. though significant of regeneration… The use of water in this ordinance is grounded in part on its qualities as the great element of purification. but we.. and on the rites of the ancient dispensation. and Baptism the work of the Spirit. esoteric) book of “The Christ of the Logia” and the “yet into’s” leaded by the trinity integrated by Jamieson Fausset and Brown plus its attachment. God first and the eyes of the true believers may be opened to the truth) //////////// “It is not by any means to be regarded as a regenerating ordinance.“Baptizing them (Calling upon) the Name of the Father. also Mat_12:41).. and the Holy Spirit” Geneva Bible Translation Notes.” Robertson's Word Pictures. but under grace by Christ. as John the Baptist manifested. is to be able to speak in tongues and to manifest Christ in Us. //////////// “This Magna Charta of the missionary propaganda. then of the Son. which seems the more proper” Matthew’s Henry Commentary on the Whole Bible. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . and the Holy Spirit. masonic.." The People's New Testament. and into the Son. while the Genevans say “neither of both. Imaginations of which nothing was mentioned by Jesus Christ] //////////// “Either dipping them in the water.. of pseudo-Christianity consecrated as a dogmatic orthodoxy. [So. [We have here one (Holy Ghost) depending on the other (Holy Spirit) but both being at the same time the same one. the “not into’s” leaded by Robertson and his spurious chapter on his spurious (gnostic. instead of losing time with controversies on words and What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. The real profitable gift according to God. and of the Son. //////////// "Into the name of" is equivalent to "into the presence of. not into) the name of the Father. he professes to acknowledge and appropriate God” Vincent's Word Studies. See [Robertson’s] note on Mat_10:41. Son. in the name of the Trinity… There is a chapter devoted to this subject in my [Robertson’s] “The Christ of the Logia” in which the genuineness of these words is proven… Trine immersion is not taught as the Greek Church holds and practices. not oppressive traditions laid by ambitious and mundane men] //////////// “The Supper represents the work of Christ." or "into the Father. then of the Holy Spirit.. Vincent et al. [Being Jesus Christ the end of the law. not meaning into.119 - . but now we are no more under any law. the hope of Glory. D.. and of the Holy Ghost--It should be. the Son.

Amen. Adaeus And St. N. >And they respond:-. and of the Son. Adolph. that they enlarged the anonymous works containing such doctrines. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . which then spread “as doth a canker (2 Tim 2:17).” and which is found “as earlier” as in the Didache [the Instructor] at the end of the first or beginning of the second century (that even that has been shown to be a spuriously partially adulterated text). this is an intelligent way to escape from discussing the absurdities brought for “wolves in sheep clothes”. [that the catholic church] he claimed. better we get ready to end with this nonsense. as well as in the Ignatian Epistles (that we have seen to be spurious also). History of Dogma.” The Liturgy Of The Blessed Apostles.” Smith's Bible Dictionary. worship and discipline. [Yes. whether by accident or by design” (as Professor M. [The early use of the originals of this liturgy was done in the Alexandrian patriarchate. with the other. “although the usual allowance must be made for later textual changes. Dover Publications. >And they respond:-.” Teachers Of The Easterns / Elucidations. This is also the view of Harnack & who. including the trinitarian doctrine. Sprinkling was unknown for him.”] & Harnack. 4 Vols. so.”). saying:-. he signs the chalice. which he holds in his right hand. [Harnack. Composed By “St. into two parts: and the one which is in his left hand he lays down on the disk. 1961.and early 20th-century theology. John the Baptist only used immersion. Appointed professor extraordinary of church history at the University of Leipzig in 1876. or like Torres Amat. he breaks the host. which he holds in his hands. who want to compare the living waters of the Word of God… with excretions of fooled and fooling men. as Edinburgh editor). leading German Protestant theologian and historian.The holy body is signed with the propitiatory blood of our Lord Jesus Christ.Y. saying:-. and the Holy Ghost forever. and the Son. In the name of the Father. It now seems to be generally admitted that these works are not later than of the fourth century. from 3rd German ed. and clothed them with Apostolic authority. apostasy] of the early church from biblical Christianity. In the name of the Father.D.The precious blood is signed with the holy body of our Lord Jesus Christ. whose critical views were a major influence in late 19th. Trans. By other side. by Neil Buchanan. naming the Trinity. Maris. a friend of the Emperor Constantius from 340 360 A. so never indeed was needed at all] //////////// “The mode and subjects of baptism being much-controverted subjects. The Holy Apostle And Brother Of The Lord” (and we already saw that Athanasius was the “center-piece” there. Harnack advocated a return to the simple What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and of the Holy Ghost for ever. Adolf von (1851-1930). etc. or like the writer of the core of the “Constitutions Of The Holy Apostles” (an anonymous document redundantly trinitarian). 28:19 as genuine?] //////////// “>And. With which other imaginations and devices are those kinds of “men” going to still deceiving their innocent people to purport the trinitarian Mt. B.Amen. “by a critical analysis and comparison” comes to the conclusion that all these pseudo-writings (also called spurious) were done by “rather worldlyminded” persons (like Athanasius himself.rites supported by “religious and sincere men”. which is in the paten.. had been corrupted by the introduction of Greek metaphysics. and also that almost all the older Bible manuscripts and almost all the volumes of earlier church writers were there). “an anti-ascetic Bishop of Syria. this shows high trinitarian similarities with the spurios document “The Divine Liturgy Of James. Riddle stated in point # 3 in his “Preface To The (spurious) Constitutions Of The Holy Apostles”. each one can best study them in the works devoted to those questions. which plagiarized the works of Petisco. and signs with it the body. D. only done as an appendix for those who seek for answers.120 - . and that “those men adapted them to their own view of morals. Harnack traced the evolution [departure. >Then he dips it even to the middle in the chalice.

and sacraments provoked the opposition of “much more conservative scholars”. trans. save us. A Sectional Confession Of Faith. O Christ our God and didst by Thy death tread death under foot. “On The Trinity. …we must also not number what is sanctified with what sanctifies. and the Holy Ghost. 2Cor 10:5: Casting down imaginations. Some expressions in early writers that include “philosophy and vain deceit.121 - ." 1994. and he [or that] is the cause of all good things. in his discourse on the Trinity. “A Commentary On The [Spurious] Apostles' Creed”. The Holy Apostle And Brother Of The Lord… Then the Deacon begins to sing in the entrance. but is conjectured by Fontanini. and the Word. 1901) ("Harnack. who didst immutably become man and was crucified. “The Stromata. after the rudiments of the world.. Bishop of Neo-Caesareia in Pontus.” In other spurious document. a “high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God”. Chap. but only one nature of the Holy Trinity before the incarnation of the Word. after the rudiments of the world”. “48. in his life of Rufinus. speaks thus: -. immortal. the Son. and evervirgin Mary. Fragment From The Discourse. What Is Christianity?. to have been Concordia. trans. dogmas. a 37-volume electronic collection of writings from the first 800 years of the Church. …And that the holy Trinity is to be worshipped without either separation or alienation… XXI. the man Christ Jesus. MD. and with what entire perfection of meaning His Spirit is called the Holy Spirit. Harnack's best-known works include the multi-volume Lehrbuch der Dogmengeschichte (1886-90. all things are. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . This exposition of the Creed was made at the request of Laurentius. Xiv. creeds. he What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. one essence. and the nature of the Trinity remained one also after the incarnation of the Son. but his distrust of the institutional church. after the tradition of men.com/Athens/7084] -------------------------------------Col 2:8: Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit." I understand nothing else than the Holy Trinity to be meant…” Spurious document. who didst submit for our salvation to become flesh of the holy God-mother. moreover. Rufinus' birthplace (written about 307-309).faith of the original Gospel. …Wherefore the holy Trinity is believed to be one God…”. http://www. the third. …here again the saint has defined the holy Trinity. even as no object that is made can be numbered with the Trinity. after the tradition of men. XXIII. Programmed in WinHelp by: Maged Nabih Kamel. Adolf von. and because of Him are all things. a Bishop whose see is unknown. when they confidently assert that there are not three persons…XX. D. and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God. 1894-99) and Das Wesen des Christentums (1900. History of Dogma. near successor of the apostles. Neither were there two natures. and in what mysterious sense our Lord Jesus Christ is held to be His only Son. and how the Holy Trinity is one in substance but has distinctions of relation and of Persons” Part II. 1Tim 2:5: For there is one God. Microsoft Encarta)] ETC… [References taken mainly from: The Early Church Fathers Series in WinHelp Format.--Greek Plagiarism From The Hebrews. If then we have understood in what august significance God Almighty is called Father.geocities. Thou who art the only-begotten Son and Word of God. But some treat the Holy Trinity in an awful manner. one will.--Dubious Or Spurious Writings (once attributed to one “Gregory Thaumaturgus”). Gregory Thaumaturgus. and around the third. …"Around the king of all. Or Miscellanies: Rest Of Book V. but in the name of the Holy Trinity baptism and invocation and worship are administered… VII. But if any one. who art one of the Holy Trinity glorified together with the Father and the Holy Spirit. naming God.. as represented by the words “holy trinity” (used at least 149 times by early “religious” writers): The spurious “Early Liturgies--The Divine Liturgy Of James. believes that any increment has been given to the Trinity by reason of the assumption of humanity by the Word. and not after Christ. and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ.All (the persons) are one nature. and are called the Holy Trinity. V. and one mediator between God and men. and around the second are the things second in order.

Moreover the fourteenth book of this work treats wholly of the uncreated and alone incorporeal and ruling nature of the holy Trinity and of the rationality of animals.—Exegetical. Against Praxeas. Praise to the Holy Trinity forever through the ages of the ages. In Which He [Tertullian] Defends. the Holy Trinity may be glorified for ever. In the Preface to the Apology of Pamphilus. The Greek Fathers in this very series.. “Chapter XXVII. Petavius. to whom the translator refers his readers. But as for those things in which he is found to contradict himself [Origen seem to contradict himself. I said: 'What the opinions of Origen are may be gathered from the tenor of this treatise. (That no bishop should presume in anything pertaining to another's parish. and is of one power and substance. He was What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. As pope. …13. ix. His first appearance in history was in connection with fraudulent banking operations. Amen. and of the transference of bishops) …with one mind. which he explains in a devotional spirit… In the fifteenth volume he confirms and fortifies the whole body of his work by citing the traditions of the fathers”.122 - . 222). presbyter of the church at Antioch… wrote… On the incarnation of the Lord.” [“Callistus or Calixtus I (circa 160-c. pope (c. One of the principal accomplishments of Callistus as archdeacon was the establishment on the Appian Way of the Cemetery of Callistus. St. may be trusted in points where he has no theory of his own to sustain. To All The Bishops Of Gaul. which heretics assume for the purpose of destroying or superseding the names of the Holy Trinity…” The Extant Works And Fragments Of Hippolytus: Part Ia. after which he was sentenced to work (c.. an antipope who accused him of Monarchianism. a shrine of martyrs where all 3rd-century popes but him are buried. Callistus was opposed by Hippolytus. 186-89) in the Sardinian mines. "Wisdom hath builded her house. Hippolytus on Prov. enable us to put the later terminology to the test of earlier exposition (examples in the notes to the Praxeas of Tertullian) [this is the way in which some attempt to validate spurious trinitarian untenable documents]]” “Gennadius: List Of The Authors Whom Gennadius Added.” “Jerome's letter To Pammachius Against John Of Jerusalem 15. [Elucidation. first of all because all the editing hands that tampered with his own writings. and one mouth. only in the heading of Tertullian’s “VII. holy. Callistus was originally a slave. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . a doctrine that denied personal distinctions in the Godhead (the catholic Trinity). Theodorus. and one accord. The Doctrine Of The Holy Trinity. the Holy Trinity…” “Rufinus' (Tyrannius Rufinus) Apology. soul and body and that sense and spirit are not different substances. we believe what has been delivered to us by the holy Prophets. Upon his return to Rome. and from the ministry of the Catholic and Apostolic Church. after a few other remarks. This is the perfect. D. whose pontificate was the first to be opposed by an antipope. namely: that the holy Trinity is coeternal. Syagrius wrote On faith. so he had a plenitude of humanity… also that man consists only of two substances. writing in a very obscure style of argument and involved language…”.is an alien from us. 222). “Chapter LXVI.. In All Essential Points. being one of that hands Rufinus himself]. Chapter XII. 1. the imposition of the hands of the catholic priest is sufficient for salvation”." …"And she hath furnished her table:" that denotes the promised knowledge of the Holy Trinity…” Again. A Roman by birth. Isaac wrote On the Holy Trinity and a book On the incarnation of the Lord. Another Fragment. he was ordained a deacon and appointed chief adviser to Pope Zephyrinus. from Justin onward.) III. Book I. fifteen books containing as many as fifteen thousand verses … [that] the Lord Jesus had a plenitude of deity. but inherent inborn faculties of the soul through which it is inspired and has rationality and through which it makes the body capable of feeling. …God. “Chapter XXVI. Ursinus the monk wrote… that after the simple confession of the Holy Trinity and of Christ. I will point out how this has come to pass in a few words which I have added at the close of this Preface As for us. but must always be accepted with caution. (Of Conspiracies And Other Illicit Pursuits." ” “The Epistles Of “Pope” Callistus The Second Epistle.. that is. After The Death Of The Blessed Jerome. That They Be Not Engaged In. And Of The Restoration Of The Lapped After Penitence. against the presumptuous words. Apostolic faith of the holy God. 217-c.

Gregory to John. Bishop. …May the Holy Trinity make you to advance always in His fear… Epistle XXXVIII. Epistle VII. concerning the Book of Rules. “Book XIII. is occupied in continual processions. To Phocas. and English missionaries to the Continent encouraged this loyalty among almost all the peoples of northern Europe. was not baptism … had not been given in the name of the Trinity. …I have some complaint against the most sweet disposition of my most glorious son the lord Theodorus. Microsoft Encarta)] Heading of Sermon. Gregory upheld Rome's traditional claims of ecclesiastical primacy over the patriarch of Constantinople. pope of the city of Rome. Here follows the Epistle of Saint Licinianus. bishop. Leo had him confined to his diocese by imperial decree. Bishop Of Massilia. Microsoft Encarta)] “Register Of The Epistles Of Gregory “The Great”. since they are baptized in the name of the Holy Trinity--though darkened by the error of their heresy in that. …heretics … who are not baptized in the name of the Trinity … these. A unique source of What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.” [“Leo I. May the Holy Trinity protect… Epistle XIII. he easily rose in the civil service to become prefect of Rome in 570. and “Book IV. principally a collection of legends about saints from Gregory's own time." 1994. namely that he has received from the holy Trinity the gift of genius. He concentrated on creating a strong central government in the church and suppressing heresy. Andrew. Gregory wrote the Dialogues. To Quiricus. was endorsed by the council with the famous words “Peter has spoken through Leo”. When Bishop Hilary of Arles challenged Leo in a synod in Rome. the papacy assumed political leadership in Italy and consolidated its lands throughout the country into a single unit. “the Great” (circa 540-604). and yet is unceasingly bound up in secular causes. but was continued because the Holy Trinity is One in action and in will.also accused of laxity for admitting repentant adulterers to Holy Communion” ("Callistus. as well as over the other bishops of the church. after the manner of Jewish unbelief. III. introducing a number of reforms. To Theoderic. Emperor. the gift of wealth. Gregory to Theodorus. …May God the Holy Trinity vouchsafe to preserve your crown unharmed…”. But the Nestorians. …Now may the Holy Trinity protect you with His hand…” “Selected Epistles Of “Saint” Gregory The Great. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . D. …may the Holy Trinity guard your life for many years. The great success of this mission led to an enduring sense of loyalty to the papacy among the English. His great administrative accomplishment was to conjoin ecclesiastical procedures and papal primacy with Roman law. addressed to Saint Gregory. pope (440-61). With these powerful connections. pope (590-604). To Theodorus.) I. &C. Under Gregory. Book II. He also took great interest in the liturgy. who established the primacy of the bishop of Rome over other bishops. Abbot of Mount Sina." 1994. called The Great (circa 400-61). when they come to holy Church. The Holy Ghost's work did not begin at Pentecost. the gift of mercy and charity. To Cyriacus. so that we may the longer rejoice in the good of your Piety. To John. Epistle LIV. King Of The Franks. St. Bishop. Born in Rome into a patrician family. Saint. Gregory was the son of a senator and the great-grandson of Pope Felix III (reigned 483-92). Abbot. Leo's definition of the “two natures” (divine and human) of Christ in his Tome (449). and neglects to read daily the words of his Redeemer…”. the greatest administrator of the ancient church. …But let thy Fraternity carefully admonish them that from the sight of the event portrayed they should catch the ardour of compunction. Sermon LXXVII (On Whitsuntide. Epistle I. To Serenus. which later became the foundation of the Papal States. Physician. and bow themselves down in adoration of the One Almighty Holy Trinity [only place in which the expression “Almighty Holy Trinity” appears]… Epistle LXVII. Leo was proclaimed a doctor of the church in 1574” ("Leo I. In 597 Gregory sent to England the prior of his own monastery of St. Epistle XXXI. because what they received while in their error. (Marseilles). are baptized. Book XI. “Book VII Epistle V. along with 40 monks. “Leo The Great.123 - . Augustine of Canterbury. not being in the name of the Holy Trinity. which we have received after long waiting. Physician to the Emperor.” [“Gregory I. He is credited with incorporating Gregorian chant into the liturgy. they believe not the Incarnation of the Only-begotten… are to be taught… our Lord God Jesus Christ … Now may the Holy Trinity keep you…”. his doctrinal letter to the patriarch of Constantinople.

“Book I. The Second Council Of Constantinople. Hefele. Augustin’s “The Seven Books Of Augustin. …The Arians and the Supporters of the 'Homoousion' hold Nocturnal Assemblies and sing Antiphonal Hymns. and asserting that the Father is God. …Of the Creed sent by the Eastern Bishops to those in Italy. The Donatist. “Book II. Canon II. Athanasius’ “Tomus Ad Antiochenos (Tome Or Synodal Letter To The People Of Antioch) Tome Or Synodal Letter To The People Of Antioch (used 6 times). The “Third” Ecumenical Council. “Book VI. twice as “Most Holy Trinity”). attempted one day in the presence of the presbytery and the rest of his clergy. Benedict. imaging that the bishop was subtly teaching the same view of this subject as Sabellius the Libyan… took the opposite opinion …”. 419.. Bishop Of Cyrus (6 times) and his Ecclesiastical History Of Theodoret. being one of them the peculiar expression “fire Holy Trinity”). Sermon II. In Bithynia.D. Lecture XVI (2 times). 13.in the fearless exercise of his functions for the instruction and government of the Church. his Bishop. A certain one of the presbyters under his jurisdiction. Chapter VIII. The Canons Of The CCXVII Blessed Fathers Who Assembled At Carthage. to explain. Expulsion Of Demophilus. A. And one time each: Synod Of Laodicea. 553 (4 times). The “Seventh” Ecumenical Council. therefore.the UNITY of the Holy Trinity. in the altogether perfect and most holy Trinity. Chapter V. The Canons Of The 318 Holy Fathers Assembled In The City Of Nice. 51. Chapter V.124 - . 680-681 (6 times. ETC… To see other complex trinitarian expressions go to the end of quotations. Saint. Bishop Of Hippo. And Of All Who Deny That The Son Is "ConSubstantial" With The Father (4 times). with perhaps too philosophical minuteness. Book IV (5 times). The “Sixth” Ecumenical Council. Chapter XIII. Notes. Microsoft Encarta] “The Ecclesiastical History--By Socrates Scholasticus. The Code Of Canons Of The African Church. and “The Three Books Of Augustin. The Author's Defense of Origen…. A. III. who also had held intercourse with the apostles themselves. Book VII. 787 (9 times. V.D. Receives From Theodosius The Government Of The Churches. we do not acknowledge two Gods. The Theologian. that great theological mystery. Cyril Of Jerusalem: Catechetical Lectures. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. a Species of Composition ascribed to Ignatius. Believing. The “Fifth” Ecumenical Council. and Augustin’s “Sermons On Selected Lessons Of The New Testament. 3 times in total). The Council Of Ephesus. D. surnamed Theophorus. John Of Damascus: An Exact Exposition Of The Orthodox Faith (used 16 times). on account of the majesty of the Deity…”. Historical Introduction & Canons. Bishop Of Cirta (Book III) Chap. Chapter XIX.information about St. The Third Council Of Constantinople.--63 (one time on each. The Life And Writings Of Gregory Of Nyssa (used at least 31 times).--Gregory. 343-381. but not later] with holding unsound views respecting the holy Trinity…” Other early “users” of the expression “Holy Trinity” are: Basil’s “Letters (used 8 times). Commonly Called. A.D. Matthew's Gospel. Ancient Epitome Of Canon VII. Chap. The Dispute of Arius with Alexander. called the Lengthy Creed. whose name was Arius. Bishop Of Hippo In Answer To The Letters Of Petilian. A. it was partly responsible for the popularity of Benedictine monasticism in the Middle Ages. but one only. Gregory Nazianzen.. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Notes. Chap. 431 (2 times). The Second Council Of Nice. possessed of no inconsiderable logical acumen. The Ecclesiastical History Of Salaminius Hermias Sozomenus. Of The Words Of St. Orations (used 4 times). “Dialogues--The "Eranistes" Or "Polymorphus" Of The Blessed Theodoretus. PAGAN INITIATION THROUGH THE MYSTERY OF WATER BAPTISM IN THE NAME OF THE MYSTERY OF THE TRINITY: THE “MYSTERY” OF THE TRINITY: The Ecclesiastical History--By Socrates Scholasticus. Book I. Against The Donatists. A.yet have never charged him [at the moment of writing this. Conflict between the Two Parties…Ignatius third bishop of Antioch in Syria from the apostle Peter. Book IV.D. Alexander. Theodoret. On Baptism.D.D. and that the Son also is God." 1994. and its emphasis on miracles set the pattern for the medieval conception of “sainthood” ” ("Gregory I. A. saw a vision of angels hymning in alternate chants the Holy Trinity. The Dispute of Arius with Alexander. his Bishop.

nouV. he seeks to grasp the truth of the Trinity from the Platonic account of our internal consciousness. To the assembled Fathers he brings an installment of his treatise against the Eunomian heresy. simplicity in the case of the Holy Trinity admits of no degrees… 23. Volume V. P. logoV." being awestruck With the beauty in each Person of the Trinity… 24. from the way bread was changed into the Word [the catholic transubstantiation] when Christ was upon earth… Chapter III. 381. because such a proof from consciousness is. to be exact.. is openly profane: but still the connection of such thoughts and the pertinence of such a comparison is a mystery… 28. on the subject of the Trinity and the Incarnation… Chapter II. Son and Holy Ghost… [Eunomius did good on this. Edinburgh: T&T Clark) Chapter I. And Wace.. His General Character As A Theologian. D. logoV. for instance. i. he comes back to the conclusion that for us after all Religious Truth consists in mystery… II.e. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. nouV). that great theological mystery. …To suppose that within the Holy Trinity there is a difference as wide [as Eunomius says] as that which we can observe between the heavens which envelope the whole creation. with perhaps too philosophical minuteness.125 - . adopt his view. and one single man or the star which shines in them. when they uttered that marvellous cry "Holy. …if he [Eunomius] had an eye only on the doctrine of the truth. the surest and most reliable… With a turn resembling the view of Tertullian. and if the order in which be counts the differences was only that of the attributes which Faith sees in the Holy Trinity.D. to Gregory. for he would mean the very same doctrine that we teach… Note On AgennhtoV (Ungenerate).--an order so 'natural' and 'germane' that the Persons cannot be confounded. His Origenism. …the vital importance of the doctrine of the Trinity. as striving to quote the original texts as they where] 18. though united in their being--then he would not have been classed at all amongst our enemies. upon which Gregory laboured for so many years. being divided as Persons. we know. …in professing to expound the mystery of the Faith. and will not make use of the words by which our Lord in perfecting our faith conveyed that mystery to us: he [Eunomius] suppresses the names of 'Father. thus all comes from Baptism)… This way of explaining the mystery of the Sacrament. …the more careful definitions also of the Trinity now embodied in the creeds [all based on the spurious “apostles’ creed”]… Amongst the defenders of the Creed of Nicaea. Gregory is the first “Father” who has done so. Gregory. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . A. In his long and numerous treatises on the Trinity he employs every possible argument and illustration to show the contents of the substance of the Deity… the needs of the Faith in the Trinity daily growing more exact and clear… Origen never had the occasion to employ this language in explaining the mystery of the Trinity.. he [Eunomius] corrects as it were the expressions in the Gospel. that of Constantinople. H. which he had written in defense of his brother Basil's positions. …when he is convinced that Plato will confirm doctrine he will. 13. can that be seen more clearly?] The Life And Writings Of Gregory Of Nyssa (In: Schaff.…to explain. i. He finds a key to it in the [Platonioc] triple nature of our soul (yukh. stands well-nigh foremost.e. …his faith on the [Athanasian] subject of the Trinity and the Incarnation… He is one of the hundred and fifty Bishops summoned by Theodosius to the second (Ecumenical Council. yukh.the UNITY of the Holy Trinity… [Philosophies of men against the pure Bible. even in polemic treatises. A Sketch Of The Life Of Gregory Of Nyssa.this instance illustrate trinity in unity… Chapter IV. Nicene And Post-Nicene Fathers. … by [the Seraphim] the mystery of the Trinity was luminously proclaimed. …who does not know that. He [Eunomius] has no reason for distinguishing a plurality of beings in the Trinity… 19.

" our mind would at once have run to the mystery of the Trinity… when I say three apiece. since it was supported by the Divine overshadowing… in the mystery of the holy What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. XXXIX 5. Imperishable. the communion of His body and blood [the catholic heathen abomination of the transubstantiation]. Chapter II. Chap.). I declare the same Trinity more plainly. Chapter II. Description of the different heretical monsters. of Replies to Questions of Januarius. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . And the 1 is added to show that there is one who is expressed by seven on account of His sevenfold operation. Book I 36. for 7 times 7 make 49.) Styled also Book I. Book I. … If He had simply said "three apiece. [De Fide Et Symbolo. Chapter V. 400) Book XX. and that Christ is truly God.D. …[the symbol of the Trinity] to make the holy mystery more apparent… combination of symbols. (A. 6. …to these filthy rags of yours [Faustus’] you would unite the mystery of the Trinity… Augustin’s Lectures Or Tractates On The Gospel According To St. …consubstantial and co-eternal: for this Trinity is one… it is this same Trinity that is signified when an apostle says.1… baptism solemnized in the name of the Trinity. again. Proof that the Virgin Mother of God was not only Christotocos but also Theotocos. …the Only Begotten was incarnate through that hidden mystery which He alone understands (for it is ours to believe: His to understand)… Book II.--Of The Holy Spirit And The Mystery Of The Trinity. I.--31. Augustin and Gregory of Nyssa clearly exemplify]… human weakness was not insufficient for the consummation of the ineffable mystery of the holy conception. John. though allowing that the Persons of the Holy Trinity were divine and like each other. …you think that the birth of God can be understood by carnal minds. of the Trinity which regenerates us has been fixed in terms of saving precision… The Seven Books Of John Cassian On The Incarnation Of The Lord -. and in Him. so in this last dichotomy the First Person stands apart from the Second and the Third… Letters Of Augustin (Including Replies To Questions Of Januarius). 16. who. and we know that it was on the fiftieth day after our Lord's ascension that the Holy Spirit was sent… Augustin’s On The Trinity. 9.…As in all other dichotomies arising from privative terms (i. …after him in time though like him in wickedness came Eunomius.D. Tractate Tractate IX. and such other things as are prescribed… Letter LV. -. "For of Him. the Trinity stands apart from creation.] (A. yet insisted that they were separate from each other…” Book I.) Or Book II. of Replies to Questions of Januarius. Uncreate. 400.e. 7. with the addition of 1. &c. …the mystery. Unending. a wonderful mystery… Augustin’s Treatise On Faith And The Creed. [Contra Faustum Manichaeum. XVII. To His Beloved Son Januarius. are all things"… in the case of this trinity we use the name water [for the whole]… Augustin’s Reply To Faustus The Manichaean. …the mystery of the Trinity… Tractate CXXII 8 …the mystery of the Trinity. which spring from one another. as Alexander. (A. the number of fifty is made up by multiplying 7 by 7.Against Nestorius.D.126 - . pure and undefiled. Augustin Sends Greeting In The Lord.] (In One Book) Chap. and fancy that the mystery of His Majesty can be accounted for by human reasoning [that is opposite to all the numerous treatises written by them through their philosophies and reasonings. D. Letter LIV. and through Him. 400. Chap. while.

so that the faith of such as believe in the mystery of the Trinity might have its due preeminence… I do not mean to imply that anything is greater than the purity of heart. but is necessary a “pure heart” to blindly believe on such philosophical mystery instead of believing in the Bible itself? I must say that a “deceived heart that never reads the Bible” is the one that believes on such catholic “mysteries”] A Commentary On The Spurious Apostles' Creed To Laurentius. had believed in the mysteries of the Trinity. Oration On Luke XV. in whom owing to the mystery of the sacred and ineffable generation there are two Persons (He who begets. Augustine that humankind generally is damned by the sin of Adam and that some souls are saved purely through the grace of God. …"And put a ring on his hand. Chapter III.. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . The [Athanasian] Catholic Doctrine of the Trinity and the Incarnation explained. Cassian was one of the first of the Semi-Pelagians. the majesty of God shall therefore come upon thee completely… Book III. he studied in Constantinople with St." Here is the mystery of the Trinity. says: "By the Word of the LORD were the heavens made. which is the seal impressed on those who believe… The Commonitory Of Vincent Of Lerins For The Antiquity And Universality Of The Catholic Faith Against The Profane Novelties Of All Heresies.Rest Of Book IV [Summary (Of Doctrine) Regarding The Father. …They. John. Luke XV. not according to men’s religions. when sending His apostles to the Gentiles. John.--Fragments Found In Greek Only In The Oxford Edition. 6. He also opposed the Augustinian concept of moral choice in attaining salvation” ("Cassian. Towards The Close. After spending perhaps 15 years among the ascetics of the Egyptian deserts. nor in that of the Incarnation of Christ. and all the host of them by the Spirit of His mouth"… 39. under the mystery of the Trinity." 1994. which cannot be earned. … was sent by God the Father and God the Son. also called Johannes Eremita or Johannes Massiliensis (360-435). … But the Catholic Church. D. who were taught above to believe in one God. must believe this also.. And The Holy Spirit 30. The Son. …the mystery of the entire Trinity was (concerned) in the creation of all things. philosophies or opinions] XI. for these were revealed to the Apostles after the resurrection of Christ. John Chrysostom. who rejected the view of the Latin Father St. early monk and theologian. 15. …the mystery of His Incarnation and… the mystery of the Trinity… Origen’s De Principiis (according to the spurious tampering of Rufinus)-. and of His perfect Divinity…the mystery of God born in flesh… Book III. Microsoft Encarta)] The Letters Of Jerome: Letter LXIX. A Bishop whose see is unknown. …After His resurrection also. . and He who is begotten). Chapter IV. Chapter XlII.127 - . 6. that there is one holy Church in which there is one faith and one baptism… [The Biblical unity is within the truths of the Bible itself. by whom he was ordained a deacon and brought Eastern monasticism to the West.. 35. but there is but one single Power of God who is the sender… [“Cassian. therefore. holding the right faith both concerning God and concerning our Saviour. the mystery of the perfect faith…the whole mystery of the Incarnation. which believes that mystery… [Jerome uses both “the mysteries of the Trinity” and “mystery of the Trinity”. …neither the centurion nor that poor woman who for twelve years was wasting away with a bloody flux. To Oceanus.conception the whole Trinity might cooperate … the mystery of this great secret. He commands them to baptize these in the mystery of the Trinity… Jerome’s Dialogue Against The Luciferians. Macarius Chrysocephalus: Parable Of The Prodigal Son. is guilty of blasphemy neither in the mystery of the Trinity. For she What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.

D. 52. the Son.] 11. …baptism is complete if one confess the Father.-. and the equality of the Trinity in one and the same majesty… Chapter XVI. And Love) Chap. not in nature. And just as if you mention in words One only. the simple water of the heavenly mystery whereby we attain to be found worthy of having part with Christ. the Spirit is - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. so. A Sinner. Luke VII. "And Behold. Reply to the suggested objection that we are baptized "into water." One in the mystery. …the great mystery of holy baptism… Augustin’s Reply To Faustus The Manichaean. or the Holy Spirit. and in your belief do not deny either the Father. … and the hidden mystery… denoted the completion of the rite of baptism… Augustin’s Sermons On Selected Lessons Of The New Testament. and with three invocations. and the Holy Spirit. [Contra Faustum Manichaeum. Sermon XLIX. although you name the Father. Which Is The Similitude Of The Death And Resurrection Of Christ. [XCIX. I say. so. and Holy Spirit. …In three immersions. All. 22. D. when the Holy Spirit alone is named. …the sacrament of baptism in the Name of Christ was complete. On The Remission Of Sins. It is not." Etc. anything is wanting to the completeness of the mystery… 45. the baptism one… 77. Recapitulation of what was said of the Catholic Faith and of divers Heresies… …the mystery of the Trinity… THE “MYSTERY” OF THE TRINITARIAN WATER BAPTISM: Basil’s Treatise De Spiritu Sancto Chapter XV. Bishop Of Hippo. and the Spirit. which even they who wash will enquire into. 400 Book XII. Both Infants And Adults. …predestined mystery of the future Incarnation… 5. too." Also concerning baptism. one being Greek and the other Latin] The Seven Books Of Augustin. A Woman Who Was In The City.By Ambrose Bishop Of Milan To The Emperor Gratian. …the mystery of the cross… 15.worships both one Godhead in the plenitude of the Trinity. then. 37. as John said: "The water. 19. Die To Sin That They May Walk In Newness Of Life. the mystery of the faith is complete. Against The Donatists Book IV. And so these three witnesses are one. …the mystery is complete through the oneness of the Name. either the Father.--the sacrament of our regeneration… 21. is a witness of burial. Against The Donatists. On The Words Of The Gospel. the blood. BEN. …a profound mystery in baptism.128 - . or the Holy Spirit. which no one knew … This. Chap. …the celebration of the mystery of baptism… Three Books On The Holy Spirit -. the Son. 42. or the Holy Spirit. too. …Good is the mystery of humility… But all were not able to exhaust this mystery… This is a great mystery. The water.In Baptism. If you deny One you overthrow the whole. 34. then. since John baptized unto repentance … 44. or the Son. Sermon XLIX. the whole mystery is made empty… 43. the Son. then. … whole mystery of the baptism… Augustin: The Enchiridion (On Faith. Hope. Book XI 1. Book I 1. …the mystery and sacrament of Baptism… [Note: “Mystery” and “Sacrament” mean the same. the blood is a witness of death. and lessen the power of either the Father.] A. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . and the Spirit is not separated from the baptism of Christ. is a divine mystery. for the mystery is one. Son. On Baptism. the great mystery of baptism is performed… Augustin’s On The Trinity. …The work is one.

Balsamon. it is not from the nature of water. the Spirit to all. Paul Meredith). they conceived and gave birth--to serpents and fishes and birds.--celibates and intercessors. vol. who being taken captives in infancy cannot remember or bring witnesses of their baptism. must not be denied this sacrament.--and in mystery has given birth to fishes. … in that mystery the Lord was showing that He would come to illuminate the thorns of our body… Selections From The Hymns And Homilies Of Ephraim The Syrian. D. but the Seraph to one." 116. and all of it done “in mystery”. "the mode of initiation is by baptism" (Tertullian's De Baptismo. and Mithra (the Greek god corresponding to Nimrod as Mediator). is indeed said to be sent. which comes to us in holy baptism… The use of the heathen word “INITIATION” (in association to the word “Mystery”) by early church writers: Introduction: Pagan’s Counterfeit of the spiritual BAPTISM Today. …the healing waters of baptism. “fishes” to “celibates and intercessors”. the same Spirit was manifestly seen to have sat upon the disciples as it had been fire… Synod Of Laodicea. O the divine mystery of that cross… 114.--Virgins and Prelates. For thus said Isaiah: "For one of the Seraphim was sent to me.--a mystery of our bodies which in the water--with the fire of the Holy Spirit have been mingled… 16. But even if the Seraph had taken away sin. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . We all became partakers in the Birth of Christ. The Spirit. Sermon XXI. I. If. …By the mystery of Baptism thou were made the temple of the Holy Ghost… Sermon XXIV. Anonymous Treatise On Re-Baptism 18. by the re-birth of baptism. II.--with the mire had been mingled." referring to the worship of Isis (the Egyptian goddess corresponding to Semiramis). On The Feast Of The Nativity I. Fifteen Hymns For The Feast Of The Epiphany VIII. … The captive priests again in the well--hid and concealed the fire of the sanctuary. "In certain sacred rites of the heathen.The priests took up of the mire. 343-381. …the mystery of baptism… remission of sins. 108. Lastly that we may know that this mystery of the common redemption was most clearly revealed by the prophets… 115. Bishop Of Ravenna. On The Feast Of The Nativity. C.D. the fire of that well. also. A. then. Letter CLXVI To Neo. i. 165.--for its fire.--and in mystery has given birth to eagles. The mystery of the Incarnation… III. there be any grace in the water.--The Holy Spirit has brooded in Baptism. --a mystery of that glorified fire--which the High priest mingles in Baptism.--lo! the subtle have become simple as doves! [We can see here the private interpretations of Ephraim equating “eagles” to “Virgins and Prelates”. it would have been as one of the ministers of God appointed to this mystery. but in the ignorance of infancy cannot remember whether they have received the mystery and rites of baptism…the rites of the Lord's mystery…the sacrament of baptism… Leo “The Great”. …in the beginning of the mystery of the faith and of spiritual baptism. but from the presence of the Holy Spirit.--and on the altar they sprinkled it. In the beginning the Spirit that brooded--moved on the waters. (RESP. The Seraph is sent to minister. Those. the Spirit works a mystery.--Happy are ye whose bodies have been made to shine!) 4. and in mystery of serpents. p.. and without giving his particular equivalent to “serpents”. This is the hidden mingling of “that old serpent” within the orthodox catholic rituals] Leo “The Great”.129 - .a witness of life.1204) The term "initiation" clearly shows that it was the Mysteries of these divinities to which he referred (Satan's Great Deception by Dr. IV. III. - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.

they everywhere expiate country-seats. Among the ancients. the ‘champion” of deceiving doctrines]. -. partly by nature." who in days bygone had been conformed to "the image" of God. Chap. Are there not other cases too. Its Dedication." through the power. Chap. At His Suggestion. in spurious imitation of that brooding of the Divine Spirit in the very beginning? Witness all shady founts. Chapter I. Athanasius.--Erection Of A Temple By Constantine The Great At Golgotha. houses. … It is ridiculous to assert that any one can dispute concerning the faith before he believes it. temples. XVII. or the cisterns and wells. These after their initiation became evidently better. …the Mystery of our Lord's Baptism… Oration XXII. and the conduits in private houses. Part II Epistle IX. and partly by the care with which they prepared themselves for Baptism. who are strangers to all understanding of spiritual powers. Athanasius Receives The Throne. the Son. D. and of his religious “hyper-terrorist” son. V. And An Account Of His Youth. Book II. (…the deliverance to us of the means of initiation constitutes a law).Tertullian On Baptism. and the ponds in the baths. How He Was A Self-Taught Priest. of course the penalty is removed too. Moreover. that he understands a mystery before he has been initiated.. And thus. by carrying water around. L. we should be considered rather to have betrayed than to have portrayed the Mysteries… Chapter IV… Christ at His baptism… the meaning of this mystery is explained… The Life And Writings Of Gregory Of Nyssa. The gods themselves likewise they honour by washings. and whole cities: at all events. and to set forth the purport of the sacraments. and that many children who had not been initiated had been baptized by him… Chap. “Orations” XXXIX and XL (On The Holy Lights And On Holy Baptism) Introduction. Jerome’s Dialogue Against The Luciferians 12.. called the "Great Martyrium. …others even before they were illuminated were worthy of praise." which was built in the place of the skull at What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. And Beloved By Antony… when Alexander threatened them with torture [Note of the Editor: we see here the “terrorist” nature of the Alexander that promoted the trinity. of a hurtful spirit…. at the Apollinarian and Eleusinian games they are baptized. (the "image" is counted (to be) in his form: the "likeness" in his eternity) for he receives again that Spirit of God which he had then first received from His afflatus. ascribe to their idols the imbuing of waters with the self-same efficacy"… For washing is the channel through which they are initiated into some sacred rites-of some notorious Isis or Mithras.--To Sixtus II …this baptism by which he had been initiated among heretics… The Book Of Ambrose. and sprinkling it. in the one case with a view to procuring good. and the Holy Spirit… Gregory Nazianzen. Concerning The Mysteries. 2.On The Death Of Alexander. and less liable to fall. when the grace of God advanced to higher degrees among men… The guilt being removed. again. Extant Fragments. whoever had defiled himself with murder.--Use Made Of Water By The Heathen… “ "Well. In Jerusalem. and in the other in order to preserve it. and all unfrequented brooks. but the nations.--he [Eunomius] says that baptism is not into the Father. and they presume that the effect of their doing that is their regeneration and the remission of the penalties due to their perjuries. The season now warns us to speak of the Mysteries. without any sacrament. Bishop Of Milan. but had afterward lost through sin” The Works Of Dionysius. that is. in which. which if we had thought it well to teach before baptism to those who were not yet initiated. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Book XI 5. Thus man will be restored for God to His "likeness. that the baptizer and the baptized hold different views… The Ecclesiastical History Of Salaminius Hermias Sozomenus. which are said to have the property of "spiriting away. unclean spirits brood on waters. they confessed that Athanasius was their bishop and leader. XXVI. was wont to go in quest of purifying waters. “THE temple.130 - . Bishop Of Alexandria.

II. although opposed by many priests. was completed about the thirtieth year of the reign of Constantine… costliness and magnificence is such that they cannot be looked upon without exciting wonder.A Constitution Of Our Lord. XXXIV. Sec. the festival continues eight days. -. XV. after that. and then to be baptized… A Mystical Thanksgiving. Rest Of Book II Chapter XXXVIII. shall in the solemn form name over them the Father. Concerning The Sacred Initiation Of Holy Baptism. …When they heard that he [Nectarius] had not been initiated their amazement was increased at the decision of the emperor… It appears reasonable to suppose. that so the conferring of this inviolable seal may take place with a becoming decency. and if any one resisted or otherwise spoke against it. Book VI That We Ought Not To Rebaptize. and shall dip them in the water. The Letters He Addressed To Those Who Did Not Hold The Definition Of The Council Of Nice. -.Jerusalem.-. XXXV. but are polluted… that attempt to baptize those already initiated crucify the Lord afresh… Book VII Concerning The Christian Life. and after the stripes. increased. But if any one that is not initiated conceal himself. -Reign Of Theodosius The Great. initiation by baptism is administered. he remained of the same opinion. … and after receiving instruction from Ascholius. Nor To Receive That Baptism Which Is Given By The Ungodly. He Died After Baptism …His malady. …he who is to be initiated into His death ought first to fast. Chap. D. And The Initiation Into Christ.131 - . And The Eucharist.On The Instruction Of Catechumens. and people from every region under the sun resort to Jerusalem during this festival. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . and Son. Book III. stripes immediately followed. and compelled them to be initiated [by baptism].. whether they be men or women. and Holy Spirit. and let a deacon receive the man.. was proclaimed bishop of Constantinople by the unanimous voice of the Synod… The Ecclesiastical History--By Socrates Scholasticus. O bishop. …they laid hold of women and children. And after that. and while yet clad in his initiatory robes. And Into Whose Death. with the holy oil. He Was Initiated Into Divine Baptism By Ascholius. and partake… Sec. Which Is Not Baptism. O bishop. XVI. His Birthplace And Education. and he went to Nicomedia. the bishop. he was initiated… Chap. or a presbyter that is under thee. and Tumults raised by him. Nectarius was initiated. and was initiated into holy baptism in one of the suburbs of that city… Book VII. IV. bonds and imprisonment. and other violent measures… Spurious Constitutions Of The Holy Apostles. Thou therefore. either thou. however. Since that period the anniversary of the consecration has been celebrated with great pomp by the church of Jerusalem. consent had been given to the imperial mandate. but those only who have been baptized into the death of the Lord.Death Of Constantine The Great. he took it for granted that he had been initiated long previously… For when the emperor was informed that Nectarius had not been initiated. Bishop Of Thessalonica. Cruelty of Macedonius. that on perceiving that Nectarius was of advanced age. VIII.. And Their Initiation Into Baptism. and visit the sacred places” Chap. XXII. … Nor indeed are those that are baptized by them initiated. shalt anoint the head of those that are to be baptized. let the bishop anoint those that are baptized with ointment. When at last. and a deaconess the woman. after what manner those ought to live that are initiated into Christ… What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. How We Ought To Baptize. But A Pollution. III. …Now.Election Of Nectarius To The See Of Constantinople. according to that type. …Let no one eat of these things that is not initiated.

1:21-22). and walk after other gods. which is good for nothing” (Jer. or redundantly. logismos). and their foolish heart was darkened. he was a divinely inspired man: a spiritual genius ranking with the greatest prophets. D. and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God. but became vain in their imaginations (Gk. but there is no mystery that those were vain philosophies of men…(to see the first documents on the re-discover of the Real Mystery Revealed Already by God. Gk. by totally ignoring it. bis-ha-rirut.A Constitution How The Catechumens Are To Be Blessed By The Priests In Their Initiation. also spelled Alcoran. Paul. instead of trusting in God’s Word. “to read”. and others also wrote profusely on the “sacred mysteries”. when he is anointed may be freed from all ungodliness. as a possible alternative account of Jesus in the New Testament. Ambrose wrote a full book on “Mysteries”. Q’uran. 1999. R. which refuse to hear my words.htm Appendix 4 Rubenstein. 1976.) Casting down imaginations (Gk. and who had not fully accepted Jesus’ incorporation into the Godhead. we do not war after the flesh: (For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal.” About Rubenstein’s conclusion: It has been the human “imagination” both for Arians and for Athanasians. The Quran. This may explain why.Y. the sacred scripture of Islam. “because that. and may become worthy of initiation … [As we have seen. shall even be as this girdle. in the Middle East and North Africa. “the whole [Christian] structure was swept away in a few decades by the Arab tribes and their clear Moslem [Muslim] doctrine of One God * ” “With the ascension of Islam. by using both terms by catholic “brains”. to serve them. And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience. The Islamic Jesus was not the incarnate God of Nicene Christianity or the super-angelic Son of the Arians. Harcourt. 13:10). “a recitation”). in p. go to: http://www. Qur'an. but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds. was qualified as a mystery or a sacrament (that also means mystery). the supreme body of Islamic law.geocities. and to worship them. “The Mystery of God Revealed to Us. p. students also of “comparative religions”.com/fdocc3/in-my-name. Use the primary source of Islamic belief.com/fdocc2/mystery. which walk in the imagination (Heb. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . entumemasi) of their heart. from qaraa.132 - . Rubenstein’s conclusive comment regarding “imagination” is very different to what we read in the Bible: “This evil people. in When Jesus Became God. when they knew God. including the idea that Jesus Christ is God. But the great question that had generated the controversy over Jesus’ divinity remained – and remains yet – to haunt the imagination and provoke the conscience of humankind. when your obedience is fulfilled” (2 Cor. The Quran [Koran. “for though we walk in the flesh. This view seems “to be exploded” by practicing American-born Muslims. and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ. even in the “holy rosary” they pass through the “holy mysteries”.htm) ] To go to the main text: http://www. dialogismos). The What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 93.” * Johnson. the Members of the Body of Christ Today”.geocities. Coran. 231 concludes his book saying: “Soon. Corán] as well as the New Testament. which has bring the trinity and all its doctrines. E. No prior knowledge of Islam is necessary. neither were thankful. XLII… the candidate for baptism. everything else. professing themselves to be wise. they became fools” (Rom. neutral perspective. here is their speech: “Explore the persona of a prophet of Islam. Issa. N. “Koran (Arabic Quran. Arianism as a discrete religious philosophy disappeared in the East as well as in the west. except. which now are presenting “studies” such as: “Christ – A Prophet of Islam”. Apparently. In the view of the Muslim conquerors. was written ~600 years later than the writings of the New Testament. meant to be chanted or sung as part of Islamic worship. Moses and Muhammad himself. this teaching struck a chord among large numbers of easterners who still thought of God as unitary. 10:3-6). And What Things Are To Be Taught Them. Approach this subject from an objective. they glorified him not as God. Atheneum. most of the Eastern world would come under the domination of a new religion offering another interpretation of Jesus’ nature and mission. A History of Christianity.

Commentaries on the Koran are numerous. seems to have been modeled on the ascension of Jesus. his early followers asserted. in modified form. which was reputedly used by Hagar. “the example” or “the exemplary conduct of the Prophet Muhammad”. and he was declared. Important elements from Judaism and Christianity were incorporated into Islam. reportedly contains 20. with an accompanying order to destroy all other versions. Makoraba). Muhammad's heart. the body of Islamic custom. Lebanon. The abuse of polygamy and of the husband's right in traditional Islam to repudiate his wife. D. which according to Muslim beliefs. The story of Muhammad's ascension to heaven from Jerusalem. allowing as many as four wives.” "Mecca. the Koran. ancient Macoraba. Recent research. Microsoft Encarta). using foundations laid first by Adam. Muhammad initially granted Jews and Christians religious autonomy as “peoples of the Book. He also took a Christian Coptic slave as a concubine. Muhammad. however. even when her conduct is faultless. or successor to Muhammad. men are at the same time “equal to women” and “a degree higher than women”. unlike the Koran. “Muhammad proclaimed his own message. secretaries wrote them down and his followers memorized them. Such central institutions as the pilgrimage and the Kaaba (Caaba) shrine were absorbed. and to promote political solidarity in the Muslim world. and the traditional belief was that was built by Abraham and Ishmael (to whom the Arabs trace their descent). to be the last revealed Book (as its splintering Bahai now think of “the Bayan”. Through centuries. Microsoft Encarta). For Muslims. supposedly given to Abraham by the angel Gabriel. The Koran approves polygamy. “Theological speculation began soon after Muhammad's death.133 - . In the southeastern corner of the Kaaba is the Black Stone." 1994. his followers soon credited him with many miraculous feats. the Kaaba is the “House of Allah. Muhammad's sons all died in infancy. were received from Allah. Ahmed. although it is almost equally fundamental for most Muslims. mother of Abraham's son Ishmael. because men are charged with the household expenditure. including Aisha.” whose revelations anticipated his own. Also within the precincts of the mosque is the sacred well. The Kaaba already attracted pilgrimages as the most important sanctuary (al-Haram) in pre-Muslim Arabia. An authorized version was produced in the early 650s by a group of Arabic scholars under Uthman ibn Affan. who married Ali. “the Way of the Prophet”. who was to become the first caliph. has recently led to the enactment of reformed family laws in most Muslim countries” (“Muhammad. also confirmed it. Rebellious Muslim troops from alKufah (Iraq) and Egypt besieged Uthman in Medina and assassinated him in 656. in reforming the pre-Islamic Arabic tradition. foundation of their new “Babel”). which antagonized the Islamic preachers by issuing an official text of the Koran. for instance. and himself to be the last of the prophets. Whenever Muhammad told of his revelations. Ahmad. but some survived and are now accepted. also called the Hadith. immune from error and able to intercede on the behalf of sinners (these and other’s are in the Sunna. In Mecca (Arabic Makkah. and the only daughter to survive him was Fatima.” where the divine touches the mundane. but the name was later used for the book containing all of them. a second body of Islamic law comprising the actions and utterances attributed to the prophet Muhammad. the Kaaba has played an important role as a meeting place of Islamic scholars for the exchange and diffusion of their ideas. but it was mainly rooted in the preIslamic Arabic traditions. the fourth caliph. Although the Koran explicitly denies that Muhammad performed any miracles. in 632.000 commentaries” ("Koran. Mohamád.name was applied by Muhammad [Mohammed. was miraculously cleansed of all unworthy thoughts when he was a boy of 12." 1994. as were the other prophets. al-Amin (“the trusted one”). Hadith is not considered “infallible”. completing the Koran few years after Muhammad’s death. “the Praised One”] to each individual portion of the “revelations”. called the Zamzam (or Zemzem). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Muhammad eventually married nine women. According to the Koran. the child daughter of his kinsman and early follower Abu Bakr. from Arabic paganism. the library in Tripoli. consummating and superseding the earlier ones. Muslims also celebrate the offering of a sacrifice in memory of Abraham's attempted sacrifice of his son. not yet accepted by the large body of What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Mahoma. “confirmed” by the Koran. a religious center before the time of Muhammad.

moschee. to take us away from this world of corruption!. During the fasting. According to the Koran. when politically defeated and persecuted. Mashid. this particular month was designated because it was the month during which Muhammad received the first of the Koran's revelations. muskie. This is written in the Quran (foundation of Islam. special congregational prayers are offered in which long passages of the Koran are recited.): Sura {Surah} 4 (An nísa. in Iran since the 15th century). “Shiites. Jesus is coming again to the earth as King of Kings and Lord of Lords. must be made “by the tongue and with full assent from the heart”. Mashed. Microsoft Encarta). 'Iesa) is presented as miraculously conceived of Mary. to the very members of the Body of Christ (either Jews or Gentiles. Mosque. meschita. Islam is the primordial and universal religion. According to the Koran. “Allah determines the course of the world for the following year”. Shiites pay the tax called zakat (originally levied by Muhammad to help the poor and later levied by Muslim states) to their religious leaders rather than to state authorities." etc. 1994. opinions subsequently attributed to “the Prophet”. D. and special mission to bring the availability of the fullness of salvation to all the humanity which is going to believe? Jesus kept himself in integrity all the days of his life to provide us such a great salvation. drink. neither sending holy spirit from on high to give power to the born again believers." 1994. and that God raised him from the dead. taken alive to heaven by Allah. musquee. An-Nisaa. Masjid. 1994. but were bitterly opposed by Islamic fundamentalists. publicly by every Muslim at least once in his or her lifetime: “There is no God but Allah and Muhammad is his Prophet” ("Islam". The profession of Islamic faith (the Shahadah). Shiites believe that beneath the explicit and literal meanings of the Koran are other levels of meaning. Microsoft Encarta). or smoke. unsurpassable. during which. to rule the whole earth in justice. the Koran declares that “reforming the earth” is the ideal of human endeavor. after his expulsion from the Garden of Eden. If Jesus was miraculously conceived beyond every other human. eat. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . they also maintain esoteric teachings and corresponding interpretations of the Koran” ("Ismailis. In the Qur’an. the fast of Ramadan has been instituted so that believers may cultivate piety. but represents the opinions of the early generations of Muslims. "Ramadan. “Modernist Islamic ideas were based on varied plausible interpretations of the Koran. The Koran denies that Jesus Christ is Lord. The fast begins each day at dawn and ends immediately at sunset. moschea. Allah forgave him his lapse (for this reason Islam does not accept the doctrine of original sin)." 1994. but the Qur’an denies that Jesus died on the cross to pay the price for our sins and for our salvation. was not so because of his very unique. “Although Ismailis subscribe to basic orthodox Islamic doctrines. who can reveal them only to chosen followers. and of course. Thus. They also affirm the validity of a form of temporary marriage called muta. Adam was the first prophet. Before retirement each night. Jesus Christ is one more in their list of prophets. and that Jesus Christ is coming to take us away. Microsoft Encarta. because it automatically obeys the laws Allah has ingrained in it. Moske. especially after the 1930s. which are known only to the imam. mezquita. making them sons. became an underground movement and adopted the principles of taqwa (which in this case means “dissimulation of faith”) and of an esoteric interpretation of the Koran. For them. yes!. children of God. mosqueta. Jesus (Issa. beyond Muhammad or Abraham. additions to it were later made by Muslims who wanted to advance certain theological or legal opinions). As a result. they accused them of being “purveyors of Western morality”. on which the first revelation occurred. mosquee. is called “the Night of Determination”. The day after the end of Ramadan is called the Fast-Breaking and is celebrated with special prayers and festivities” ("Islam". according to the Koran. that means to surrender). has demonstrated that much of Hadith was not derived from Muhammad. and even nature itself is Muslim.Muslims. and that after that. Microsoft Encarta). sajada. as was the Ayatollah Khomeini” ("Shiites.. without having accomplished any salvation for that portion of the humanity that believed in him. Masjed. Muslims are forbidden to have sexual intercourse. The night between the 26th and 27th days of Ramadan. etc. many Shiite leaders in Iran and Iraq have immense wealth and property. Opposing the Bible. Al Nisa' (The Women)):157-158: What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. as they did before achieving political power (for instance. both fellow-heirs and co-heirs with Christ). to us.134 - .

by Yusuf Ali. And you. with no (certain) knowledge. whereas other surah says that Jesus was going to die: Surah 19:33 “so peace (salam) is on me (Jesus). nailing it to his cross. 16:20). the devil in his life and in our life: “Forasmuch then as the children are partakers of flesh and blood. but still lives in the body in heaven.” The Meaning of the Holy Quran {with the notes found on the NQuranSQ annotated text}.” and “that he was taken up to Allah”. “the God”. Even “the pre-Islamic Arabs recognized Allah as the supreme God”. which is the generally accepted Muslim view. and those who differ therein are full of doubts. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . the Apostle {Messenger} of Allah". I say. that were sometime alienated and enemies in your mind by wicked works. is rejected by Islam” and also that “the Quranic teaching is that Christ was not crucified nor killed by the Jews. For the Sura 4:158 Ali makes the next Commentary: “There is difference of {Muslims in their} opinion as to the exact interpretation of this verse. but only conjecture to follow.“That they [the Jews] said (in boast). but Allah raised him up (rafau) to Himself’. that through death he might destroy him that had the power of death. 2:14-15)." Microsoft Encarta. And having spoiled principalities and powers. and Allah is Exalted in Power {Allah is Ever All-Powerful}. “And the God of peace shall bruise Satan under your feet shortly. that is. he made a shew of them openly. triumphing over them in it” (Col. by him. And also: “And. 2:14). by a special creation of God within her. and dying for our sins.” The Q’uran that. 1994). destroyed. while the real Allah depicted in the Quran has nothing to do with the God and father of our Lord Jesus Christ and of us): - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. notwithstanding certain apparent circumstances which produced that illusion in the minds of some of his enemies. nor crucified him. to present you holy and unblameable and unreproveable in his sight” (Col. The Quran refers to Jesus as ‘the son of Mary’ but never as “the son of God. he (Jesus) also himself likewise took part of the same. The grace of our Lord Jesus Christ be with you.” Jesus Christ was already raised from his real death on the cross. they take it even as a “blasphemy”. —But they killed him not.135 - . and took it out of the way. having made peace through the blood of his cross. the devil” (Heb. The clear contradiction within the very same pages of the Quran is that in the Surah 4:158 is written that: “Allah raised him (Jesus) up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens)”. D. 1:20-22). Allah raised him up (with his body and soul) unto Himself (and he is in the heavens). the day that I die. it is. “Jesus mission was more limited” (@1234 in Yusuf Ali's Commentary on Yusuf Ali's Translation). “Blotting out the handwriting of ordinances that was against us. The day I was born. The words are: ‘The Jews did not kill Jesus. Wise {and All-Wise}.” Muslims don’t believe that Jesus is the son of God. Amen” (Rom. when compared with the “mission” of Muhammed. yet now hath he reconciled in the body of his flesh through death. or things in heaven. “Islam does not admit of any mediator between Allah and humans” (in: "Allah. and will never die again! The death of Jesus Christ being born not of man’s seed. for of a surety they killed him not: —Nay. by him to reconcile all things unto himself. here is what the Quran says about that (granting just for this limited comparison that the words “Allah” and “God” may be “synonym” in the Arabic tongue (although the word Allah means properly in Arabic “al-llah”. One {Muslim} school holds that Jesus did not die the usual human death. "We killed Christ Jesus {Messiah 'Iesa} the son of Mary {Maryam}. which was contrary to us. who says: “blood sacrifice and vicarious atonement for sins. but of the seed of the woman. with the Article “the” intermingled within the word “God”. but so it was made to appear to them [but the resemblance of 'Iesa (Jesus) was put over another man (and they killed that man)]. and the day that I shall be raised up to life (again)!” Ali’s only comment to this contradictory verse inside the Quran is: “Christ was not crucified. whether they be things in earth. paralyzing and inactivating.

].” Surah 72:3 “And exalted is the Majesty of our Lord: (we believe) He has taken neither a wife nor a son (or offspring or children).Surah 2:116 They (Jews. Alexandrine Version). and the Christians call Christ {Messiah} the son of Allah. And it came to pass on a day. And it came to pass when men began to be numerous upon the earth. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . Christians and pagans) say: "Allah hath begotten a son" (children or offspring) {Allah hath taken unto Himself a Son}: Glory be to him (Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him) .. when men began to multiply on the face of the earth.. and the devil came with them (Septuagint). And it came to pass on a certain day. the angels of God came to stand before the Lord. Lo.136 - . and they have no hurt. that the angels of God came to stand before the Lord. Etc… The Quran says that: Surah 4:86 "Strongest among men in enmity to the Believers wilt thou find the Jews and Pagans. and of the lower animal functions of sex… . And yet that is the doctrine to which the Christian idea of "the only begotten Son of God" leads”. That is a saying from their mouth.” Surah 112:3 “He begetteth not. was one of the purest of women.in fact it is blasphemy . took to themselves wives of all whom they chose (Septuagint. Surah 21:26 “And they say: "(Allah) Most Gracious has begotten offspring (a son or children). walking in the midst of the fire. nor is He begotten. “we are Christians”: because amongst these are men devoted to learning and men who have renounced the world. that the angels of God having seen the daughters of men that they were beautiful. If words have any meaning. and they are not arrogant. Job 2:1: Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD.” “@5551. The Christian doctrine is here emphatically repudiated. the angels.Nay. As a virgin she gave birth to Jesus… Greek mythology makes Zeus the father of Apollo by Latona or of Minos by Europa. and nearest among them in love to the Believers wilt thou find those who say. And when one angel is described (in singular): Dan 3:25: He answered and said. though the Jews accused her falsely of unchastity. Gen 6:1-2: And it came to pass. 'Iesa (Jesus) son of Maryam (Mary).e. and Satan came also among them (KJV). Yusuf’s comments: “@119. Pss 89:6: For who in the heaven can be compared unto the LORD? who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the LORD? (KJV). it would mean an attribution of Allah of a material nature." - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. etc. that the sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair. that behold. Allah's curse be on them {Allah (himself) fighteth against them}: how they are deluded away from the truth. 'Uzair (Ezra). and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD (KJV). etc. and they took them wives of all which they chose (KJV). and daughters were born unto them. and daughters were born to them. (in this) they but imitate what the Unbelievers of old used to say. like a man or an animal." Glory to Him! They are (but) servants raised to honour [those whom they call sons or children of Allah i. D. For who in the heavens shall be compared to the Lord? and who shall be likened to the Lord among the sons of God? (Septuagint). “Mary the mother of Jesus. But the Bible calls “sons of God (Bene ha-Elohim)” even to the angels in the Old Testament. I see four men loose.to say that Allah begets sons. to Him belongs all that is in the heavens and on earth: everything renders worship to Him Surah 9:30 The Jews call Uzair {Ezra} a son of Allah. and the form of the fourth is like a son of God. and the devil came among them to stand before the Lord (Septuagint). It is a derogation from the glory of Allah . lets see the KJV followed by the Septuagint in several passages: Job 1:6: Now there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD.” etc.

gegenneka). but he that said unto him. Jn. that he gave his only begotten (monogenos) Son. he hath declared him. 1 Jn.” Surah 5:69 “Those who believe (in the Quran). and thou shalt bruise his heel. 3:16: For God so loved the world. 2:7: “I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me. Verily Allah guideth not a people unjust. but not so sperm in males? Is not the sperm the one that moves. Gk. through His prophecy and through His law for Israel. the only begotten (monogenos) Son. this day have I begotten (gegenneka) thee? And again. 1:14: And the Word was made flesh. the opposite is stated in the same book: Surah 5:51 “O ye who believe take not the Jews and the Christians for your friends and protectors: they are but friends and protectors to each other. (and we beheld his glory. Thou art my Son. to day have I begotten (gegenneka) thee. and work righteousness. carrying life and death? Are not recessive genes a living witness of the fallen nature of men? Gen. I will be to him a Father. as the Bible says. 3:18: He that believeth on him is not condemned: but he that believeth not is condemned already. when he bringeth in the firstbegotten (prototokon) into the world. Thou art my Son. those who follow the Jewish (scriptures). nor shall they grieve. and even by the way in which he designed the human body! Is not the sex determinant absent of women? Is not the ovum pool present since the woman is an embryo. we became also the children and sons of God. And let all the angels of God worship him. because he hath not believed in the name of the only begotten (monogenos) Son of God. that we might live through him. on them shall be no fear. 5:5: So also Christ glorified not himself to be made an high priest. this day have I begotten thee (Heb. 1:18: No man hath seen God at any time. Regarding Jesus’ unique conception: Jn. Jesus Christ. and therefore I abhorred them. His work of salvation and of forgiveness of sins was fulfilled with his death in the cross. and the Christians and the Sabians. that whosoever believeth in him should not perish. 4:9: In this was manifested the love of God toward us.) full of grace and truth. because that God sent his only begotten (monogenos) Son into the world.137 - . With such confession. Heb. by a specific act of creation of the complementary DNA inside one ovum of Mary. shall have their reward with their Lord: on them shall be no fear. And he amongst you that turns to them (for friendship) is of them. The Bible has to say about Jesus being begotten of God: Ps. and the work righteousness. and after that. Jn. which I cast out before you: for they committed all these things. it shall bruise thy head. Jn. Read by yourself all genetic and biologic implications for the things going on in the “civilized” nations surrounding the Israelites. The all-powerful creator of the universe could do it because he had since the beginning been announcing it by his trustworthy Word.” But then. nor shall they grieve. and he shall be to me a Son? And again.” It is vital for us to believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. Lev. he saith. 3:15: And I will put enmity between thee and the woman. he sent holy spirit to whosoever believes that God raised Jesus from the dead.Surah 2:62 “Those who believe (in the Quran). and between thy seed and her seed. and those who follow the Jewish (scriptures). D. filled with all His spiritual power. and the Sabians and the Christians. any who believe in Allah and the Last Day. and dwelt among us. any who believe in Allah and the Last Day. the glory as of the only begotten (monogenos) of the Father. Yelidtiyka. 20:23: And ye shall not walk in the manners of the nation. as faithfully described by God in Leviticus chapters 18 to 20 and in the rest of What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. the only human conceived in such a unique way. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . but have everlasting life. Thou art my Son. which is in the bosom of the Father. and confess with his mouth that Jesus is Lord.” This is referred to in the New Testament: Heb 1:5-6: For unto which of the angels said he at any time.

behold. thy cousin Elizabeth. our promised seed Jesus Christ had to be born of the purer (tamim. Fear not. be it unto me according to thy word. For since by man came death. the Lord is with thee: blessed art thou among women. The Holy Ghost shall come upon thee. Lk. and shall be called the Son of the Highest: and the Lord God shall give unto him the throne of his father David: Lk. 1:30: And the angel said unto her. - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. afterward they that are Christ's at his coming. and the virgin's name was Mary. 1:35: And the angel answered and said unto her. Then cometh the end. And the angel departed from her. and shalt call his name JESUS. by God almighty Himself. like Noah. even in the ovum that formed him. Rev.138 - . and the first begotten (prototokos) of the dead. this day have I begotten (gegenneka) thee. plus the specific act of God’s creation of the complementary DNA within that ovum! Also. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . Lk. Lk. according to the will of God. and become the firstfruits of them that slept. as in San Francisco or in France. God gave the specific news to Mary through Gabriel. and the prince of the kings of the earth. 1:26: And in the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God unto a city of Galilee. named Nazareth. created by a Spiritual and Eternal being. 15:20-26: But now is Christ risen from the dead. But every man in his own order: Christ the firstfruits. D. 1:31: And. who was called barren. behold. and the power of the Highest shall overshadow thee: therefore also that holy thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. and of his kingdom there shall be no end. thou shalt conceive in thy womb. in that he hath raised up Jesus again. and not until his second coming anybody else is going to be raised also: 1 Cor. Regarding Jesus Christ’s resurrection: Acts 13:33: God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children. Hail. Lk. 1:28: And the angel came in unto her. For as in Adam all die.” a living witness against “the customs of the nations. thou that art highly favoured. Lk. 1:27: To a virgin espoused to a man whose name was Joseph. of the house of David. who is the faithful witness. by man came also the resurrection of the dead. and washed us from our sins in his own blood Once raised form the death.” And today. And Elizabeth her cousin told her: Lk. 45). 1:45: And blessed is she that believed: for there shall be a performance of those things which were told her from the Lord. 1:36: And. 1:5: And from Jesus Christ. Unto him that loved us. when he shall have delivered up the kingdom to God. and she believed in the Word of God (Lk 1:38. Behold the handmaid of the Lord. Thou art my Son. Mary: for thou hast found favour with God. even so in Christ shall all be made alive. 1:32: He shall be great. Lk. 1:34: Then said Mary unto the angel. people wonders on the origin of “inherited diseases” or of “sexually transmitted diseases”. like Jacob) human stock. with full control over matter. Lk. 1:29: And when she saw him. 1:38: And Mary said. and said. she was troubled at his saying.the books of “the Torah. she hath also conceived a son in her old age: and this is the sixth month with her. Jesus is the only one that has been raised from the dead. while still practicing the same things! The seed of the woman. Jesus became with a raised and eternal spiritual body. Christ Jesus became a vivifying spirit. How shall this be. See the Biblical text: Lk. 1:33: And he shall reign over the house of Jacob for ever. Lk. and cast in her mind what manner of salutation this should be. Lk. seeing I know not a man? Lk. 1:37: For with God nothing shall be impossible. and bring forth a son. Lk. as it is also written in the second psalm.

who guarded her chastity. whom I have begotten (egennesa) in my bonds. 10:9-10). And an example on Abraham (as the prophetic shadow of type of what God did in Jesus Christ): Heb. (to announce) to thee the gift of a holy son. 1 Jn. M. D. when we love God. yet have ye not many fathers: for in Christ Jesus I have begotten (egennesa) you through the gospel. Does all of that not tell something to the thinking Muslims about the uniqueness and greatness of Jesus Christ over every other human that ever have exited and that will ever be over the face of the earth? Here is the so “blurry” version of the Qu’ran regarding the second coming of Jesus Christ: What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and We breathed into (her body) of Our spirit: and she testified to the truth of the words of her Lord and of his Revelations. I am only a messenger from thy Lord." She said: "How shall I have a son. and without human masculine intervention (though in the Koran the record is “intermingled” with Muhammad’s fantastic imaginations and/or “revelations” from below). seeing that non man has touched me and I am not unchaste?" He said: "So (it will be): Thy Lord saith. till he hath put all enemies under his feet. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . and was one of the devout (servants). 4:15: For though ye have ten thousand instructors in Christ. 5:18: We know that whosoever is born of God sinneth not. even the Q’uran is acknowledging that the conception of Jesus Christ was divine. is his future second coming to earth. it is written: 1 Cor. but he that is begotten (genneteis) of God keepeth himself. which according to his abundant mercy hath begotten us again (anagennesas) unto a lively hope by the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead. Philemon 1:10: I beseech thee for my son Onesimus. together with Jesus completely perfect life. 1 Pet. For he must reign. when he was tried. having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust. through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature. as we are born again of holy spirit. 'Be'. 5:1-2: Whosoever believeth that Jesus is the Christ. Etc… Here are some records of the Koran regarding the conception of Jesus Christ: Surah 4:47 She [Mary] said: "O my Lord! how shall I have a son when no man hath touched me?" He said: "Even so: Allah createth what He willeth: when He hath decreed a Plan. with his death for our sins. we became born again beings with spirit within. 1:3-4: According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness. we then became the sons of God: 2 Pet. 1 Jn. 'That is easy for Me: and (We wish) to appoint him as a Sign unto men and a Mercy from Us:' It is a matter (so) decreed." So she conceived him.even the Father. and that wicked one toucheth him not. Pickthall) Surah 66:12 -12. with divine nature. By this we know that we love the children (tekna) of God. Surah 21:91 And she who was chaste. and keep his commandments. When we confess with our mouth that Jesus is our Lord and believe in our hearts that God raised him form the dead (Rom. Again. 1:3: Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. and with his resurrection (as we all acknowledge that he is now already at the right hand of God). holy spirit from on high. Muslims need to consider deeply that. He but saith to it. and it is! Surah 19:19-22 He said: "Nay.And Mary the daughter of Imran. therefore We breathed into her (something) of Our spirit and made her and her son a token for (all) peoples (translated by M. we receive salvation. And of us. offered up Isaac: and he that had received the promises offered up his only begotten (monogenos) son. when he shall have put down all rule and all authority and power.139 - . The last enemy that shall be destroyed is death. 11:17: By faith Abraham. is born (gegennetai) of God: and every one that loveth him that begat loveth him also that is begotten (gegennemenon) of him. And she retired with him to a remote place.

'Iesa's (Jesus) descent on the earth]. Rubenstein. Allah gave it. in war and peace. @614 In a time of jihad. Jihad is hard striving. but after due preparation. @5774) Surah 47:4. when people give their all. This is understood to refer to the second coming of Jesus in the Last Days… when he will destroy the false doctrines that pass under his name… Finally. Therefore have no doubt concerning it (i. Meet your enemy fairly and squarely. “El Noble o Sagrado Corán”} And here is Yusuf’s comment: *2*-43. Pickthall} Surah 43:61a “And (Jesus) shall be a Sign (for the coming of) the Hour (of Judgment): Therefore have no doubt about the (Hour)” {AL ZUKHRUF (The Gold Adornments). in the Cause of Allah. the struggle for the cause of Islam. with our lives and all our resources. @1190. both literally and figuratively. fulfilling the Jihad. and even their lives. he can fall back on his force in order to fight the battle. de ella!” {El lujo (Az zojrof). see just two suras on jihad followed by Yusuf’s Commentaries: Jihad (holy war or fighting in Allah's Cause. ¡No dudéis. take them as captives). i. when you meet (in fight Jihad in Allah's Cause).e. Death or victory should be the motto of every soldier: it may be death for himself individually. You cannot wage war with kid gloves. carry it out with the utmost vigour. He will never let their deeds be lost. the Day of Resurrection)” {Meanings of the Holy Quran. @4883. @4890. Each individual must use his life and his resources to the best advantage for the common cause. All who obey the call to Jihad with perfect discipline will get the Rewards of the Hereafter. but if he has faith. Yusuf’s explanations: @4820. (2) if an individual or body is. pues. must be stated that Paul Johnson and Richard E.140 - . at the tip of the sword and with terrorism. there is triumph in either case for his cause.Sura 43:61a “And he ['Iesa (Jesus). for the common cause.” “But those who disbelieve (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism). He Himself could certainly have punished them (without you). a Jihad is fought under strict conditions laid down by What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.61: @4662. not rashly. Zahfan in the text (meeting in hostile array) implies a slow and well-planned proceeding towards a hostile army. as proceeding from the direct approbation and love of Allah. are saved from the punishment in the Hell-fire) or at least come under your protection]. and (Allah) will make their deeds vain” (“NQuranSQ”).e. as Allah grants paradise to everybody that sacrifice his life for him. or ransom (according to what benefits Islam). both our lives and our resources will be wiped out by our enemies. son of Maryam (Mary)] shall be a known sign for (the coming of) the Hour (Day of Resurrection) [i. then bind a bond firmly (on them. to go back in order to jump forward. Thus [you are ordered by Allah to continue in carrying out Jihad against the disbelievers till they embrace Islam (i. those who disbelieve smite at their necks till when you have killed and wounded many of them. Surah 73:20. When once the fight (Jihad) is entered upon. for them is destruction. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .e. even though they have good will to the cause and carry out minor duties in aid. carry it through: there is no room for second thoughts. and a coward is not likely to save it. M. free them without ransom). @274. in order to test you.8 “So. We are to be under no illusion about it. fail to explain the precise tactics that were in the past and that are now being used for the “explosive” expansion of Islam and of Muslim beliefs. So doubt ye not concerning it” {M. and strike home your blows at the most vital points (smite at their necks). If we are not prepared to fight for our faith. Surah 43:61a “And lo! verily there is knowledge of the Hour. But (He lets you fight). isolated from his own force.e. some with others. until the war lays down its burden. as being far from the epicenter of Islam. As to life.e. Yusuf Ali} 43:61ª “Será un medio de conocer la Hora. But those who are killed in the Way of Allah. Jihad. The laws of Jihad are exactly similar to those enforced by military virtue and discipline. D. Thereafter (is the time) either for generosity (i. @1234. The special reward of such self-sacrifice is special forgiveness and mercy. they must be accounted more glorious than those who sit at home. but if it had been Allah's Will. There is no virtue in mere single-handedness. NQuranSQ}. by the chances of battle. When once in combat. Two exceptions are recognized: (1) reculer pour mieux sauter. or to deceive the enemy by a feint.

Even among those who are able to go forth. his hand will be against every man. but as my Father hath taught me. and every man's hand against him. in the service of Allah… the sincere scholar's pen or preacher's voice or wealthy man's contributions may be the most valuable forms of Jihad. that I should not be delivered to the Jews: but now is my kingdom not from hence. and “the House of War”.Islam. in the “reformation” of the world. Fighting may be inevitable. so that when the fighters return home. and that I do nothing of myself.141 - . Art thou a king then? Jesus answered. This is the trustworthy prophecy regarding Ishmael and his posterity. But its essence consists in (1) a true and sincere Faith. following after the criminal steps of its founder: “Yasir Arafat’s “Palestine Liberation Organization” (PLO). All these numerous Paths become open to them if once they give their hearts in keeping to Allah and work in right Endeavour (Jihad) with all their mind and soul and resources. Muhammad. Every one that is of the truth heareth my voice” (Jn. or property. D. it is acceptable to use armed force. The concept of jihad has nevertheless. And there are numerous Paths by which they can get back to the Right Way. a political group that represents Palestinian Arabs through the actions of its affiliated guerrilla groups has earned an international reputation as a terrorist organization. as well as unifying the separate Islamic tribes against their intrusion” (Source: UPI/Bettmann). I speak these things. as we read it in Genesis (and of which the daily “news” give witness). and where a call is made by the ruler of an Islamic State. According to classical Islamic law. Microsoft Encarta). and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren” (Gen. those powers with whom Muslims have peace agreements. the House of Peace. @3503. that I should bear witness unto the truth. and (2) an earnest and ceaseless activity. @1373. Thou sayest that I am a king. 16:12). under properly instructed teachers. that all selfish or worldly motives seem paltry and fade away.C. if necessary. But men have strayed from it in all directions. where Muslims are ascendant. been used by Muslim rulers to justify wars motivated by purely political ambitions. revealed ~1913 B. At the foundation of many of the PLO guerrilla actions is the concept of jihad. which is the rest of the world (!) (“Islam. I am from above: ye are of this world. their minds may be attuned again to the more normal interests of religious life. The students and teachers are soldiers of the Jihad in their spirit of obedience and discipline. But fighting is not to be glorified to the exclusion of all else. or holy war. Ye are from beneath. it should be obeyed. I am not of this world… Then said Jesus unto them. And he that sent me is with me: the Father hath not left me alone. which so fixes its gaze on Allah. Versus: “Jesus answered. the world was divided into three zones: the House of Islam. and the Will and Mercy of Allah require them to Walk. @1270. and solely for the cause of Allah.” 1994. and for this cause came I into the world. the founder of Islam and called “the messenger of Allah”. Here is it good description of Jihad. Pilate therefore said unto him. first introduced the jihad as a means of conquering (and converting) other religious groups. Old and “typical news” of splintering groups based in the Koran (and its jihad). for I do always those things that please him” (Jn.: “And he will be a wild man. it’s a form of self-sacrifice. 8:23. involving the sacrifice (if need be) of life. To this end was I born. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . When ye have lifted up the Son of man. person. My kingdom is not of this world: if my kingdom were of this world. the way in which the purity of their own nature.28-29). 18:36-37). then shall ye know that I am he. - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. then would my servants fight. “And he said unto them. According to the Koran. The Way of Allah (sirat-ul-Mustaqim) is a Straight Way. It may require fighting in Allah's cause. Thus will they get out of the Spider's web of this frail world and attain to eternal Bliss in the fulfillment of their true Destiny. a party should remain behind-for purposes of study.

Muslim terrorists in Iraq kidnapped and beheaded American independent contractor Nick Berg. Muslim terrorists in Bali blew up a beach resort with an electronically triggered bomb at one bar and a car bomb hidden in a van at another nightclub filled with young Western tourists on holiday.142 - . How are we to win a war against blood-spattered enemies whom our own free press continues to protect through politically correct sanitization? It wasn't no-name militants or wayward guerrillas who have butchered. How many times have you picked up a newspaper and read about terrorist attacks perpetrated mot by Muslim terrorists. Death toll: 190. In the name of Allah. In the name of Allah. Sept 12. Let Us Remember Correctly Terror "In The Name Of Allah". Muslim terrorists in America hijacked and incinerated three planes full of men. In the name of Allah. Muslim terrorists in Morocco waged suicide-bombing attacks in Casablanca. Anniversary reality check: In the name of Allah. Muslim terrorists in Spain detonated bombs on four commuter trains during Madrid's rush hour.2004. In the name of Allah. In the name of Allah. and forced office workers to leap 99 stories to their What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Death toll: 339. shot toddlers in the back. established a stronghold in the mountains of northern Iran in the 12th century and carried out terrorist acts of assassination against important religious and political leaders of Sunni Islam” ("Ismailis. Muslim terrorists in the Philippines kidnapped and killed American missionary Martin Burnham. On the third anniversary of Sept. Muslim terrorists in Saudi Arabia kidnapped and beheaded American engineer Paul Johnson. In the name of Allah.a magazine piece in March. Microsoft Encarta). killing at least 15 people." 1994. Houston Chronicle. Muslim terrorists in Pakistan kidnapped and beheaded American journalist Daniel Pearl. we remain at war . "activists"? … Media whitewashing of our Islamofascist enemies… A Nexis search of the terms "al-Qaida" and "religious" and "cult" in the New York Times for the year 2004 yielded just one article . Mecca. D. forced children to eat rose petals and drink their own urine.and the media remain in denial. M. Muslim terrorists in Turkey bombed synagogues and the British consulate. known to Westerners as Assassins. The mainstream press itself proves the president's point every time its reporters disguise the deadly fanatical nature of our opponents in this global war. Outlook. raped teenage girls. “Wahhabi warriors. In the name of Allah. In the name of Allah. Muslim terrorists in Israel engineered near-simultaneous suicide attacks on two buses.“A splinter group of Ismailis. 11. In the name of Allah. Microsoft Encarta). women and firefighters in smoke-filled stairways. members of “a puritanical Muslim reform movement” that begun by the conservative Syrian jurist Muhammad ibn Abd al-Wahhab (1703-92). as Mideast scholar Daniel Pipes noted the Pakistan Times called them. Muslim terrorists in Russia stabbed babies to death. a movement “faithful to the Koran and to the Hadith”." 1994. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Sunday. Muslim terrorists in Iraq kidnapped and executed Italian security guard Fabrizio Quattrocchi. In the name of Allah. executed their teachers and blew themselves up in a crowded school gymnasium. but by generic "militants" or "guerrillas" or "rebels" or. and Medina in the early years of the 19th century” ("Wahhabis. beheaded and slaughtered thousands of innocents over the last three years alone. The mainstream media pounded President Bush for trying to explain that the War on Terror is unwinnable in a conventional sense. successfully attacked and purged the Islamic shrine at Karbala and the cities of Riyadh. In the name of Allah. Malkin. Death toll: 202.

. 221. This is all the more significant.youtube. to overcome evil teaching with good and healthy teaching. Metzger. This reading (the very late insertion within 1 John 5:7-8 that reads: “7b in heaven.htm Appendix 5.. 8 And there are three that bear witness in earth”). in what are now Islamic countries. codex 221 (10th century) includes the reading in a marginal note. see B. the text used by the “Roman Catholic Church”. Book I. 429.discovervancouver. They tell us to "never forget.000.deaths after saying final prayers from the ledges of the World Trade Center on a peaceful September morning. 1215 (in a Greek translation of the “Acts of the Lateran Council”. added sometime after the original composition.. And I'm sure my desire to see that happen is dwarfed by the same desire in our Leader’s will. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . go to: http://911stealth. since many Greek Fathers would have loved such a reading. the earliest MS. or Greek translation of some other version) until A. it made its way into copies of the Latin Vulgate. However. as John said: "The water. the reading appears in no Greek witness of any kind (either MS. 629. Thus. and evil can only ultimately bow before it in grudging servitude. -------------------To see additional "Reality of Islam" images: http://www. Most of these MSS (2318. [Editor’s Note: We read in the “Three Books On The Holy Spirit. each such reading was apparently composed after Erasmus’ Greek NT was published in 1516. there is no sure evidence of this reading in any Greek MS until the 1500’s.com/forum/topic. and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. This longer reading is found only in eight late MSS.” “Let us pray that the sound Biblical teaching of Only One God and Only One Man’s Redeemer can be translated into Arabic and begin to infiltrate the countries of the Middle East. D. 647-49.D. the Father. It could happen.com/2006/09/hidden-advanced-aircraft-of-bushs. the Word. 88. the Lord Jesus Christ. The lives thus saved may be diverted from a path of terrorism to a path of salvation. has been known in the English-speaking world through the King James translation..asp? TOPIC_ID=65322 To see "The Hidden Advanced Aircraft of Bush's Black Operation 9/11". and 918) originate from the 16th century. By Ambrose Bishop Of Milan To The Emperor Gratian. the infamous Comma Johanneum. for it so succinctly affirms the doctrine of the trinity. and [with minor variations] 61. and has struck a blow against the possibility. has enthroned goodness in the very way He made the world.com/profile?user=chrisbornag -------------------As it is stated elsewhere: “To attempt to eradicate terrorism without acknowledging its religious dimensions and motivations is blindly foolish. we need to do the honest assessment of the role of Islamic fundamentalism on the terrorist's mind. a work originally written in Latin).. let's stop misremembering. M. That energizes me to redouble my efforts to get the Word out as quickly as possible to every corner of the globe.” “God. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.html and to http://www. The Devil knows it. patristic. four of which have the words in a marginal note.143 - ." First. Indeed. Textual Commentary.” -------------------To go to the main text: http://www.com/fdocc3/in-my-name. the blood. From there. and the rise of Islam dwarfed by the rise of disciplined followers of Jesus Christ.geocities. the integrity of the Scriptures and a living relationship with the true God through His Son Jesus Christ.. The reading [1 John 5:7-8 addition] seems to have arisen in a “4th Century Latin Homily” in which the text was allegorized to refer to members of the trinity. who is love. For a detailed discussion. Our discussion will briefly address the external evidence.blogspot. Death toll: 3. our Lord. 636. 77. And so these three witnesses are one. the evidence—both external and internal—is decidedly against its authenticity.

geocities. He beareth witness of me. when the Son saith. or in Abraham. Joann. Only. Some insights on Jesus’ conception can be found at: http://www. we read in the writings of Ambrose’s “religious son” Augustine: “Augustin Contra Maximinum. et tres unum sunt… "There are three witnesses: the Spirit. then.htm] This trinitarian formula made its way into “the third edition of Erasmus’ Greek NT” because of pressure from the Catholic Church. We can see that Augustin confounds “blood” with “flesh”. Erasmus apparently felt obliged to include the reading. and that He too is a witness hath been sufficiently and openly shown. or in Adam after Adam’s fall. Tres sunt testes. as His side was pierced by the spear. c. Son. it is not from the nature of water. and Holy Ghost are "Witnesses. and the Father that sent me. who believed to be made unto her “according to thy word [God’s Word through his angel Gabriel]”. The blood and the human dominant genes of Christ was similar to the blood of Adam before Adam’s fall. when He said. and by the term water. the signs by which they were signified came forth from the Body of the Lord [when He hung upon the tree: first. his blood was pure and clean. though the Holy Ghost is not mentioned. et sanguis. and the water. the evangelist saith." and One God is these Three… this depth of mystery which we read in John's epistle… expounded and understood agreeably with the Catholic faith. If. "But this said He of the Spirit which they that believed on Him were to receive. ii." These are the "Three Witnesses. was that a miracle was made possible. the spirit: of which it is written. the Codex 61. the Holy Ghost. neither believes the substances diverse nor denies that the persons are three…” (Augustin did another work “Ten Homilies On The First Epistle Of John” of whom “The remainder of the Homily number ten is wanting in all the manuscripts. lib." Where. herein they figured the Church preaching the Trinity. when Jesus spake of the water which He would give to them that thirst. the blood is a witness of death. by a specific act of God’s creation of perfect and dominant genes (DNA) in the complementary chromosomes within one ovum of Mary.8.com/fdocc3/christ. not in nature. which is the One.and the Spirit. 1. "God is a Spirit". 22 §. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . there arose such a furor over the absence of the Comma that Erasmus needed to defend himself. is a witness of burial. which neither confounds nor divides the Trinity. It seems that Augustin was hindered from completing the exposition of the entire epistle. not sharing a bit of the fallen blood nature present in David. He argued that he did not put in the Comma because he found no Greek MSS that included it. but from the presence of the Holy Spirit”. Then. Howbeit neither concerning the Spirit hath He kept silence elsewhere. by the term. D. Joannis ad Parthos Tractatus decem" and it is scarcely likely that the whole of the fifth chapter was expounded in Augustin’s tenth Homily on the first epistle of John”)." who that believes the Gospel can doubt. and the Church that preacheth them is the Body of Christ. 3:15. the Son. For in promising Him He said. "In Epist. written in c. "There are Three Witnesses. et aqua. of whom it could most truly be said. "And He bowed the head and gave up the spirit:" then." Moreover. so that by the term Spirit we should understand God the Father to be signified. only by an act of God’s faithfulness to the promise of God Himself given in Gen. because "the Word was made flesh". 3." One in the mystery. The water. He became aware What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. that it hath one and the same nature: since these Three in threefold manner signified are One. yet He is not to be thought separated from them."]. But whereas. "He shall bear witness of me. then. as indeed it was concerning the worshipping of Him that the Lord was speaking. the Spirit is a witness of life. True. because of one substance. and the blood: and the three are one"… these are mystical expressions… if we will inquire into the things signified by these… comes into our thoughts the Trinity itself. In the names: for "these Three are One. After his first edition appeared. however. Only in the flesh Jesus was of the lineage of David through Mary. and the Three are One. 1520). that the Father. as." "In the name:" not.144 - . Supreme God. spiritus. and the Three are One". In this manner then the three things by which they are signified came out from the Body: of the Lord: like as from the Body of the Lord sounded forth the command to "baptize the nations in the Name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost. blood. Once one was produced (or “forged”. there be any grace in the water. v. "I am one that bear witness of myself. Father and Son and Holy Ghost. 7. "blood and water. as he had undertaken to do: at least Possidius specifies this work under the title.

the mathematics of theology must be a mysterious thing. as the Council of Ephesus has already defined”. the German translation of Luther was based on Erasmus’ second edition (1519) and lacked the Comma. noting that he had taken care to find whatever MSS he could for the production of his text. it is not a matter of mystery. the issue is history. The English translation is a clear case of forgery to mislead the reader. In his annotations to his third edition he does not protest the rendering now in his text. who didst immutably become man and wast crucified. One error leads to another. But the KJV translators. Thus. for - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Whosoever committed the forgery had been trained to believe that there were three persons. Bible societies and Bible translators continue to issue these forgeries. But these same scribes elsewhere include thoroughly orthodox readings—even in places where the TR/Byzantine MSS lack them. these advocates argue theologically from the position of divine preservation: since this verse is in the TR. They consider themselves the custodians of evangelical truth. our emphasis in colors] The insertion within 1 John 5:7-8 was omitted completely by the British Committee in the Revised Version of 1881-1885. in The Second Council Of Nice. because if Jesus Christ is God. because she was the Mother after the flesh of One Person of the Holy Trinity. not heresy: How can one argue that the Comma Johanneum did not appear until the 16th century in any Greek MSS and yet goes back to the original text? Such a stance does not do justice to the gospel: faith must be rooted in history. and one equals three. 787.145 - . as though it were made to order. Mary has to be the mother of God [deceivingly canonized as “We confess that our Lady. Modern advocates of the Textus Receptus and KJV generally argue for the inclusion of the Comma Johanneum on the basis of heretical motivation by scribes who did not include it. but he does defend himself from the charge of indolence. each of whom was infinite God. nor his Novum Instrumentum to go unsold. they are adulterating the truth – those very people who profess to teach truth. previously seen in the spurious document “The Divine Liturgy Of James. who art one of the Holy Trinity glorified together with the Father and the Holy Spirit…]. yet they endeavor to tell us they stand for honesty and integrity. immortal.D. who didst submit for our salvation to become flesh of the holy God-mother. it must be original (Of course. by sheer logic. Why not just simply believe the truth of God’s Word? The errors of the so-called orthodoxy are going to continue to be the forgeries of the Scriptures. Mary. presupposing as it does that the TR = the original text. it is a matter of deliberate lying and of plain contradicting the Scripture. In the final analysis.of this MS sometime between May of 1520 and September of 1521. D. Jesus Christ said: “Father. is properly and truly the Mother of God. The mystery of the trinity is within the creeds of men. this approach is circular. The respect of thinking people cannot be permanently retained. Erasmus probably altered the text because of politicotheologico-economic concerns: he did not want his reputation ruined.) In reality. To print these verses for many years after it was known not to be true. Christ our God. St. the American and the British Bible Societies. and as such. differ to them. it is sin. Thus. 2001. Further. not in the Word of God. popularized the Comma for the English-speaking world. to wit. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . and evervirgin Mary. a work which itself was fundamentally based on Erasmus’ third and later editions (and Stephanus’ editions). A. Significantly. on standing for the Word of God. Yet both. yet there was but one God. is an immoral act with Scripture. have continued to insert the error in the newer versions of the King James Version (KJV) as genuine Scripture. and everybody else heretics – those who. O Christ our God and didst by Thy death tread death under foot. If three equals one. Opposed to that. into thy hands I commend my spirit” (Lk 23:46). the Comma Johanneum has been a battleground for English-speaking Christians more than for others [NET Bible. The Holy Apostle And Brother Of The Lord” as “Thou who art the only-begotten Son and Word of God. “the mystery of the trinity.” However. basing their work principally on “Theodore Beza’s 10th edition of the Greek NT” (1598). knowing that the ancient texts and manuscripts do not substantiate the insertion. The Trinitarians call themselves orthodox. then. and by the American Committee in the American Standard Version of 1901.

the Father of our Lord Jesus Christ. 1983. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . the roman church. Today. American Christian Press] To say that Jesus Christ is not God does not degrade his importance and significance in any way. only the tongue and pen of men. It simply elevates God. also himself being subject unto him that put all things under him. 2) It is he who gave me access to God. P. and brand as “heretic”. “I am the Lord thy God… Thou shalt have no other gods before me” (Ex 20:2-3) and “The Lord our God is one Lord” (Deut 6:4-5. and he is the Son of God because of his created conception by God. these scriptures still shine like diamonds. The early Church taught. is putting forth a great deal of effort in trying to believe a lie. as if disseminating dangerous views. Forgers of the Word. It is concealed from him that Theodosius “the Great” (see Appendix 3 to read his statement and of his sanguinary character) in the latter part of the fourth century made. 4) It is he who gave me the new birth of God’s eternal life – which is Christ in me. I know of almost not even one denomination that does not treat the greatest and most beautiful of all the commandments as though it were obsolete. 15:28). He alone is God. to His unique. “Christendom” will still to be the laughingstock of the world. The first commandment states. To say that Jesus Christ is God the Son is idolatry. there were not enough Trinitarians in the capital city of Constantinople on the first Sunday thereafter. as well as all the forgeries on which the doctrine of the trinity has been based. Endeavoring to sustain a doctrine disproved by the integrity of the Word of God and by human intellect. The early Christians had no conception of the doctrine of the trinity as it is now taught. by persecution. not even to one single trinitarian worshipper in each church building in the city. and only will be a veneered heathenism [thought inspired by: V. with great accuracy in the Word of God. 5) It is he who gave me remission of sins and continues to give forgiveness of sins. “Religious Men” want us to worship their human thoughts consecrated as dogmas and not the true God! What do we really “win” by believing that God is “one in three persons”? Are we not rather contradicting the Word of God and loosing our good sense by that statement? If the truth of the greatness of God’s Word is not revived and believed. and by cruel oppression? On doing so. The trinitarian teaching has destroyed both good sense and good morals for leaders and for the so called “Christian thought”. Thinking people will not continue following leaders in whose honesty they have no confidence. God’s revelation to men opens with God creating. those who defile the Word of God and defile themselves. became only an imitation of heathen religions using Christian names. exalted and unparalleled position. to place. even now he is my mediator. Religion has lost its hold on thinking people.146 - . there is no Roman emperor’s sword to sustain it. which was corrupted by statesmen and ecclesiastical hierarchy in a civilized world.the seekers after truth will sooner or later discover all the mistranslations. the hope of glory. The Bible teaches that Jesus Christ is the Son of man because he had a human for a mother. To say: “Jesus Christ is the Son of God”. and at that time. and closes when “the Son. it’s like in the days of Elijah: one who calls people back to the worship of the true God is considered a troubler. The average student is not told that the dogma of the trinity unified the roman church by persecution. Anyone questioning the settled dogma of the trinity is advised not to do so. 3) It is he who saved me when I was dead in trespasses and sin. At the present time. to anyone disagreeing with their own imaginations and opinions exalted to dogmas. Wierwille. why? It is because it would upset the orthodoxy relative to the doctrine of the trinity? A doctrine established by the sword. The Bible does not designates Jesus Christ as God. is truth. but the trinity was forced on the world by the sword of the Roman power. - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. with emphasis only one God. These are never emphasized in any creed that man has made. that God may be all in all” (1 Cor. the trinity to be the official doctrine of the Roman Empire. by force. Yet. D. but the Bible tells us about Jesus Christ that: 1) It is he who sought me out from darkness. Mk 12:29-30).

“On the morrow John seeth Jesus coming unto him. William Tyndale Translation. 1491). we have not yet been redeemed.NET Bible). 7) It is he who was made unto me my wisdom. by J. and saith.Brit Chadasha). for its acceptance. ‘Lo. Jesus Christ is not God. 1525 –plus.” (Exodus 12:5-6a.Green’s Literal Translation). You shall take from the sheep or from the goats. a yearling. is dependent on Jesus Christ being a man and not God. 11) It is he who is all in all to me that I might give my all for him. William Tyndale Translation. the Lamb of God. which was Jesus Christ. was tortured. For in that he himself has suffered. but he took on him the seed of Abraham. who is taking away the sin of the world’ ” (John 1:29. C. D. And it shall be for you to keep until the fourteenth day of this month. B. presented himself to God as the perfect sacrifice. be his oblation—of the herd.” (Hebrews 2:16-18.— unto the entrance of the tent of meeting. 81. God gave His Son that we might have life and have it more abundantly – yes. p. forgiveness of sin and messianic salvation” (Scripture and Tradition in Judaism. he is able to rescue those who have been tempted. 8-9. 225. 2. 1525). God would not offer Himself to Himself. esterlambe) is already offered up for us” (1 Corinthians 5:7b. If Jesus Christ is God and not the Son of God. God’s Son. “And Abraham said: ‘God will provide for Himself the lamb for the burnt-offering. (B. a male without defect. and especially the Passover lamb and the Tamid offering. Jesus Christ was our Passover: “…For Christ. before Yahweh” (Leviticus 1:3. Christ. 1525). a NET Bible note). Jesus Christ. 8) It is he who called me and set me in the heavenlies. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. my son’. 9) It is he who gave me his joy. The greatness of God’s Word shows how. 10) It is he who appointed me as a spokesman of God’s accurate Word. “…The blood of Christ (which through the eternal spirit offered himself without spot to God) purge your consciences from dead works for to serve the living God?” (Hebrews 2:14b. a perfect one. dead and buried. shall he bring it. Christ did met every requirement of the law: “For Christ is the end of the law to justify all that believe” (Romans 10:4. William Tyndale Translation. Our Passover. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . a male. King James Version –plus. Rotherham). In Jewish thought this was held to be a supremely important sacrifice. the crucial point on which all true Christianity rests. may I be found faithful in that calling. crucified. 156-157] God can only be known from God’s written Word. Young’s Literal Translation). was a memorial of the Akedah with its effects of deliverance.147 - . 1993) “For verily he took not on him the nature of angels. shall be to you.6) It is he who filled me to capacity by God’s presence in Christ in all the fullness of God’s gift of holy spirit. G. righteousness. all lamb sacrifice. that he might become a merciful and faithful high priest in the things respecting God. through his sacrificial death. “A flock animal. and from the declared Word. the blemish-less lamb offered himself to God. Gen 22:8 is an important passage in the background of the title Lamb of God as applied to Jesus. the Bible. So the two of them continued on together” (Genesis 22:8. our Passover Lamb (Korban Pesach. 12) It is he who is God’s only begotten son. our very redemption. Vermès stated: “For the Palestinian Jew. in order to make propitiation for the sins of his people. having been tempted. [Wierwille. and. For this reason he ought by all means to become like his brothers. and he has to be a sheep from the flock: “If an ascending-sacrifice. therefore. Green’s Literal Translation. 151-154. peace and love. Jewish Publication Society –plus. that life which is eternal and therefore more than abundant. sanctification and redemption. shall he bring near. The Emphasized Bible. But Christ was not God.

Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . see a man. Give God the praise: we know that this man is a sinner” (Jn. which gave counsel to the Jews. see below). 18:14). “And when the centurion. saying. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. he glorified God. which I have heard of God: this did not Abraham” (Jn.148 - . because he keepeth not the Sabbath day. whereof he hath given assurance unto all men. 9:8). which is by one man. Certainly this was a righteous man” (Lk. and glorified God. “But now ye seek to kill me. “The first man is of the earth. 5:12). in the which he will judge the world in righteousness by that man whom he hath ordained. 15:47). This man is not of God. How can a man that is a sinner do such miracles? And there was a division among them” (Jn. “Then again called they the man that was blind. and to his throne” (Rev. and said unto me. A man that is called Jesus made clay. 1:30). “He answered and said. “For since by man came death. For if through the offence of one many be dead. saw that he so cried out. hath abounded unto many” (Rom. 15:39). “Come. and I received sight” (Jn. “Because he hath appointed a day. “But not as the offence. Man. and the gift by grace. by man came also the resurrection of the dead” (1Cor 15:21). Truly this man was the Son of God” (Mk. that one man should die for the people. After me cometh a man which is preferred before me: for he was before me” (Jn. which had given such power unto men” (Mt.Examples of scriptures that show who Jesus Christ was: Man. Jesus of Nazareth. Others said. much more the grace of God. What do we? for this man doeth many miracles” (Jn. “Nor consider that it is expedient for us. Never man spake like this man” (Jn. which told me all things that ever I did: is not this the Christ?” (Jn. as ye yourselves also know” (Acts 2:22). 23:47). 2:5). Go to the pool of Siloam. a man approved of God among you by miracles and wonders and signs. 9:16). and walk?” (Jn. 9:24). What man is that which said unto thee. “Now Caiaphas was he. a man that hath told you the truth. 8:40). Jesus Christ. and that the whole nation perish not” (Jn. 12:5). 12:13). earthy: the second man is the Lord from heaven” (1 Cor. and said. and anointed mine eyes. “Then gathered the chief priests and the Pharisees a council. 9:11). “The officers answered. the man Christ Jesus” (1 Tim. 7:46). and gave up the ghost. 11:50). and said unto him. in that he hath raised him from the dead” (Acts 17:31). “Then asked they him. “But when the multitudes saw it. Of the Male Sex Arrhen: “And she brought forth a man-child. Take up thy bed. that it was expedient that one man should die for the people” (Jn. Man Anthropos: “For there is one God. “This is he of whom I said. 11:47). which God did by him in the midst of you. which stood over against him. “Therefore said some of the Pharisees. 4:29). “And when the dragon saw that he was cast unto the earth. hear these words. D. “Now when the centurion saw what was done. Adult Male Aner: “Ye men of Israel. and wash: and I went and washed. they marvelled. who was to rule all nations with a rod of iron: and her child was caught up unto God. he said. and one mediator between God and men. 5:15. so also is the free gift. he persecuted the woman which brought forth the man child ” (Rev.

18. 4:13. and I say unto one. saying. 3:16. 54. Do this. and he goeth. 3:22. 34 (twice). 27:40. 4:3. 1 Cor. “Then came Jesus forth. What accusation bring ye against this man?” (Jn. Mk 10:33. 6:6. 20. a friend of publicans and sinners. and said. Lk 5:24. even over them that had not sinned after the similitude of Adam's transgression. 49. “But made himself of no reputation. 19:5). Rom. I find no fault in this man” (Lk. 36) “Doth our law judge any man. 5:5.) Therefore as by the offence of one judgment came upon all men to condemnation. (Mk 13:34. 14. 74). 56. but for blasphemy. 26. 10:36. and know what he doeth?” (Jn. 3:11. 14:71).. Jn 12:23.18:29). Lk 9:22. 23:6). 10. which is by one man. 17:5. 2 Cor. according to the spirit of holiness. 7:8. and to another. I am not” (Jn. ye have filled Jerusalem with your doctrine. see also: Mt 3:17. Heb 2:6. 27. “Then saith the damsel that kept the door unto Peter. 58. 11:19. and was made in the likeness of men: And being found in fashion as a man. 43. even so by the righteousness of one the free gift came upon all men unto justification of life. 36. Mk 14:21. 53. 9:20. Jn 1:51. Lk 6:5. 5:7. Mt. by ellipsis). 22. Lk 19:10. Jesus Christ. Jn 5:27. being a man. as one that perverteth the people: and. 5:10. “The Son of man came eating and drinking. behold. even the death of the cross” (Philippians 2:7-8). 4. For if by one man's offence death reigned by one. Thou blasphemest. “Pilate then went out unto them. hath abounded unto many. 3:8. 31. 6:69. Lk 22:22. 7:34). 62. 17. Etc. he humbled himself. Acts 7:56. and became obedient unto death. 41. 9. “But he began to curse and to swear. 11:4. 2 Jn. For a good work we stone thee not. Jesus Christ. having examined him before you. Rev 14:14. 14:33. 5:25. 19:7. and the purple robe. and the gift by grace. “…Ye have brought this man unto me. Acts 8:37. 10:29. 8:3. 45. much more they which receive abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness shall reign in life by one. Jn 8:28. Mk 13:26. 7:3. 44. 1:19. etc. 1:3. 13. etc. 18:17). D. Lk 21:27. Lk 11:30. 9:35. 26. Behold a man gluttonous. 20:31. Heb. 41. 4:15. 9. makest thyself God… Say ye of him. Lk 1:32. “For I also am a man set under authority. and because that thou. behold. 23:14). and he doeth it” (Lk. Here is the expanded context of Romans 5:14-19: “Nevertheless death reigned from Adam to Moses. and they say. I. “Then said Pilate to the chief priests and to the people. Rev 1:13. 15:39. 9:35. Behold the man!” (Jn. Lk 12:8. Eph. 10. 4:4. 48. and he cometh. 8:9). And Pilate saith unto them. wearing the crown of thorns. 1 Jn. 26:63. have found no fault in this man touching those things whereof ye accuse him” (Lk. Lk 24:7.149 - . 62. 24. and intend to bring this man's blood upon us” (Acts 5:28). Come. 1:9. and sent into the world. Lk 18:8. saying. 2:20. Jn 13:31. 8:28. But wisdom is justified of her children” (Mt. Art not thou also one of this man's disciples? He saith. Jn 3:13. and to my servant. 8:29. so is the gift: for the judgment was by one to condemnation. F12. 11. he asked whether the man were a Galilaean” (Lk. Gal. whom the Father hath sanctified. Mk 1:1. before it hear him. Lk 7:34. “Saying.“The Jews answered him. And immediately the cock crew” (Mt. 1 Thess. 23:4). because I said.9. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . 3. 34. “When Pilate heard of Galilee. Jn 1:18. by the resurrection from the dead” (Rom 1:4) [To see “the Son of God”. And not as it was by one that sinned. 9:7. 12. For if through the offence of one many be dead.] “And declared to be the Son of God with power. 30. but the free gift is of many offences unto justification. 69. 6. But not as the offence. 10:33. much more the grace of God. I know not this man of whom ye speak” (Mk. I do not know the man… Then began he to curse and to swear. Jn 6:27. 31. and took upon him the form of a servant. so also is the free gift. “And again he denied with an oath. saying. 7:51). and a winebibber. Lk 17:22. I am the Son of God?” (Jn. 35. 16:16. Did not we straitly command you that ye should not teach in this name? and. 13:33. 40. 10. having under me soldiers. I know not the man. who is the figure of him that was to come. 26:72. Go. 1.] What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 4:3. 1:3. 4:14. Lk.

God has already revealed to us all things that pertain to life and godliness. and things in earth. that the Father may be glorified in the Son. “Whatsoever ye do in word or deed” surely includes anything that a human being can say or can do. and also. because I go unto my Father.150 - . the gift is not as the transgression. “And whatsoever ye do in word or deed. that. “Wherefore God also hath highly exalted him. 5:14-19. Jesus Christ. 14:12-14). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . And the gift is not as through one man who sinned. 5:20). much more those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness will reign in life through the one man. even over those who did not sin in the likeness of Adam's transgression. And Paul explains it: “Giving thanks always for all things unto God and the Father in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ” (Eph. according only to the Bible. giving thanks to God and the Father by him” (Col. Even to ask anything to God with our understanding. the ellipsis have been What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. as Judas Iscariot did. D. [Even in “the trinitarian” KJV is clearly established in Rom. but not in this point if we believe and obey the Word of God. verily. He that believeth on me. so also through a righteousness of one man was for justification of life for all men. 5:14-19. much more the grace of God. Jesus Christ. we are also betraying Jesus. but the gift from many offenses is for righteousness. who is a type of the coming man. the works that I do shall he do also. 3:17). and that surely includes the revelation of “who is his son”. 5:15 that Jesus Christ was a man (anthropos in the Textus Receptus). So then. making in that version a total of five appearances of the word “man” to describe Jesus Christ in Rom. as through an offense of one man was for condemnation for all men. For as through the one man's disobedience the many were led sinful. Humans can be easily deceived. For if by the trespass of the one man the many died. for indeed the judgment from one man was for condemnation. and all needs to be done “in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ”. the ellipsis describing Jesus Christ as one man are accurately supplied four more times in Walter L. or as by one man's disobedience many were made sinners. if we ask any thing according to his will. and given him a name which is above every name: That at the name of Jesus every knee should bow. I will do it” (Jn. A Conservative Version). “And this is the confidence that we have in him. And whatsoever ye shall ask in my name. of things in heaven. KJV). by the offense of the one man. he heareth us: And if we know that he hear us. 1:3-4). in another version that supplies every ellipsis to be found within this text: “Nevertheless death reigned from Adam until Moses. so by the obedience of one shall many be made righteous” (Rom. and greater works than these shall he do. and God has already made us partakers of God’s own divine nature: “According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness. not “in the name of the Father. As we have seen before. according to his will includes doing it in the name of Jesus Christ. to the glory of God the Father” (Philippians 2:9-11). less times in its surrounding verses. For if. death reigned through the one man. But in this way also. If we don’t confess who Jesus Christ really is. and the gift in grace of the one man. the Son and the Holy Ghost”. Jesus Christ was our “man – man’s redeemer”. so also through the obedience of the one man the many will be led righteous” ((Rom. we know that we have the petitions that we desired of him” (1 Jn. And that every tongue should confess that Jesus Christ is Lord. having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust” (2 Pet. If ye shall ask any thing in my name. 5:14-19. abounded for the many. whatsoever we ask. through the knowledge of him that hath called us to glory and virtue: Whereby are given unto us exceeding great and precious promises: that by these ye might be partakers of the divine nature. I say unto you. and things under the earth. And the same context. 5:14-15). Porter’s “A Conservative Version”. do all in the name of the Lord Jesus. Jesus Christ told it before: “Verily. that will I do.

New Revised Standard Version. 13:15). [Wierwille. and remember. 28. Mt 20:18. You must know what the Word of God says. "Philips NT". 28. believing in it. 37. whereby we must be saved” (Acts 4:12). “Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men.supplied for Jesus Christ being a man in the “New English Translation”. from v. Also of your own selves shall men arise. 1933 G. as he gave us commandment” (1Jn 3:23). Spanish “Castillian (CST-IBS)”. Spanish “El Libro del Pueblo de Dios”. speaking perverse things. V. Mt 9:6. 27. 43-55]. 12] therefore let us offer the sacrifice of praise to God continually. who hold the truth in unrighteousness. D. regarding those early (and of today) theologians. 22. Rom. “Twentieth Century”.geocities. Mt 12:8. “Then Peter said. The version “God’s Word” translates the Greek word “anthropos” as “person” and with “person” it supplies its ellipsis. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . American Christian Press. Silver and gold have I none. 44. “The Message”. so we have the power of attorney. Weymouth (1912) supplies one ellipsis with “individual”. that is. Mt 11:19. Esposito’s “English Majority Version”. Mk 9:9. 38. see also Mt 8:20. 40. Mt 16:13. and then act upon that Word. 1:18-32: For the wrath of God is revealed from heaven against all ungodliness and unrighteousness of men. Your Power of Attorney (chapter 4). in Annie Cressman’s “Bible in Worldwide English”. 32. New International Version. Paul W. That we should believe on the name of his Son Jesus Christ. We need to know the name of Jesus Christ and use that name. “The New Dynamic Church”. And he took him by the right hand. “New Living Translation” supplies one ellipsis with “man” and one other with “person”. 64. Mt 17:9. Therefore watch. In the name of Jesus Christ people are freed from mental bondage.. 39. 12. Spanish “Dios Habla Hoy”. 28. Mk 8:31. 45. Mt 19:28. not sparing the flock. in Gary F. -------------------To go to the main text: http://www. pp. powerful things must happen. In the name of Jesus Christ activate that power and live the more abundant life!. The “Contemporary English Version” even deletes the original Greek word “anthropos” translating only “Jesus Christ alone”. We have all power in that name. Mt 10:23. that after my departing shall grievous wolves enter in among you. We have the power of attorney that when we use the name of Jesus Christ.htm Appendix 6. Mk 2:10. “And this is his commandment.151 - . Spanish “NVI”. As you hear The Word and act upon it. 1971. and lifted him up: and immediately his feet and ankle bones received strength” (Acts 3:6-7).] “The Son of man goeth as it is written of him: but woe unto that man by whom the Son of man is betrayed! it had been good for that man if he had not been born” (Mt 26:24) [To see “the son of man”. in Timothy E. All your needs are guaranteed to be supplied by Christ Jesus.com/fdocc3/in-my-name. “NET Bible”. Clontz’s “Common Edition”. that by the space of three years I ceased not to warn every one night and day with tears. to draw away disciples after them. but such as I have give I thee: In the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth rise up and walk. International Standard Version. “By him [Jesus. the fruit of our lips giving thanks to his [Jesus] name” (Heb. 41. Lamsa Translation from the Peshitta. In the name of Jesus Christ there is power. In the name of Jesus Christ the sick are healed. 1949 Bible in Basic English. Zeolla’s “Analytical-Literal Translation”. Because that which may be known of God is manifest in What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Mt 26:2. “But my God shall supply all your need according to his riches in glory by Christ Jesus” (Philippians 4:19). The Bible says. which with their personal aspirations took over the control of the “church” since its earlier days: Acts 20:29-31 For I know this. and love one another. Mt 24:27. Mt 18:11. God will answer your requests. We should love one another because of the name of Jesus Christ. 30. P. Mt 25:13. 31. In the name of Jesus Christ devils are cast out. We have Christ in us. Mt 13:37.

but became vain in their imaginations. thinketh no evil. love vaunteth not itself. And changed the glory of the uncorruptible God into an image made like to corruptible man. And even as they did not like to retain God in their knowledge. men with men working that which is unseemly. murder. seeketh not his own. 6: And ye are puffed up. 2 Cor. Gal. haters of God. malignity. I have in a figure transferred to myself and to Apollos for your sakes. for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light. but rejoiceth in the truth. 1:6-8: I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: Which is not another. preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you. God gave them over to a reprobate mind. and their foolish heart was darkened. wickedness. brethren. love envieth not. Backbiters. how say some among you that there is no resurrection of the dead? 2 Cor. to do those things which are not convenient. For this cause God gave them up unto vile affections: for even their women did change the natural use into that which is against nature: And likewise also the men. nor handling the word of God deceitfully. full of envy. 1 Cor. they became fools. or an angel from heaven. but there be some that trouble you. maliciousness. Knowledge puffeth up.them. but by manifestation of the truth commending ourselves to every man's conscience in the sight of God. 1 Cor. D. but love edifieth. for God hath shewed it unto them. that no one of you be puffed up for one against another. 13:4-6 Love suffereth long. they glorified him not as God. 1 Cor. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen. and would pervert the gospel of Christ. 4:2: But have renounced the hidden things of dishonesty. and receiving in themselves that recompence of their error which was meet. and worshipped and served the creature more than the Creator. transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. without natural affection. Rejoiceth not in iniquity. Professing themselves to be wise. neither were thankful. disobedient to parents. boasters.152 - . but have pleasure in them that do them. whose end shall be according to their works. Know ye not that a little leaven leaveneth the whole lump? 1 Cor. Being filled with all unrighteousness. debate. 8:1: Now as touching things offered unto idols. 4:18: Now some are puffed up. covetousness. Doth not behave itself unseemly. not only do the same. Wherefore God also gave them up to uncleanness through the lusts of their own hearts. Amen. fornication. after the tradition of men. unmerciful: Who knowing the judgment of God. not walking in craftiness. to dishonour their own bodies between themselves: Who changed the truth of God into a lie. 11:13-15: For such are false apostles. and to birds. Col. we know that we all have knowledge. deceit. whisperers. so that they are without excuse: Because that. that he that hath done this deed might be taken away from among you. let him be accursed. that ye might learn in us not to think of men above that which is written. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . and creeping things. as though I would not come to you. and fourfooted beasts. leaving the natural use of the woman. that they which commit such things are worthy of death. who is blessed for ever. proud. is not easily provoked. and is kind. - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. being understood by the things that are made. Without understanding. 1 Cor. implacable. 15:12: Now if Christ be preached that he rose from the dead. 4:6: And these things. covenantbreakers. and have not rather mourned. and not after Christ. when they knew God. Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness. inventors of evil things. Your glorying is not good. 1 Cor. after the rudiments of the world. And no marvel. 5:2. deceitful workers. 2:8: Beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit. despiteful. even his eternal power and Godhead. is not puffed up. But though we. burned in their lust one toward another.

but try the spirits whether they are of God: because many false prophets are gone out into the world… And every spirit that confesseth not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh is not of God: and this is that spirit of antichrist. and now tell you even weeping. giving heed to seducing spirits. which some having put away concerning faith have made shipwreck: Of whom is Hymenaeus and Alexander. it is the last time: and as ye have heard that antichrist shall come. and the world heareth them. having their conscience seared with a hot iron. as though living in the world. 1 Tim. having loved this present world. knowing nothing. (Touch not. for if they had been of us. whereof cometh envy. Wherefore if ye be dead with Christ from the rudiments of the world. that in the latter times some shall depart from the faith. that thou by them mightest war a good warfare. that they may learn not to blaspheme. who confess not that Jesus Christ is come in the flesh. which God hath created to be received with thanksgiving of them which believe and know the truth. 4:14-18: Alexander the coppersmith did me much evil: the Lord reward him according to his works: Of whom be thou ware also. 1 Tim. Amen. 1 Jn. not the things which are Jesus Christ's. of whom I have told you often. 5: Beloved. They went out from us. from which all the body by joints and bands having nourishment ministered. 6:3-5: If any man teach otherwise. strife. 1 Tim. 3. This is a deceiver and an antichrist… Whosoever transgresseth. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . believe not every spirit. D. 2:21: For all seek their own.153 - . 1:18-20: This charge I commit unto thee. At my first answer no man stood with me. 2:26: These things have I written unto you concerning them that seduce you. are ye subject to ordinances. and destitute of the truth. and strengthened me. and consent not to wholesome words. whereof ye have heard that it should come. 4:1. 3:6: Not a novice. and to the doctrine which is according to godliness. 3:18-19: (For many walk. Speaking lies in hypocrisy. increaseth with the increase of God. according to the prophecies which went before on thee. and commanding to abstain from meats. He that abideth in the doctrine of Christ. lest being lifted up with pride he fall into the condemnation of the devil.) 2 Tim. who mind earthly things. 4:10: For Demas hath forsaken me. but they were not of us. and whose glory is in their shame. 1 Jn. For it is a good thing that the heart be established with grace. 9: For many deceivers are entered into the world. for he hath greatly withstood our words. son Timothy. 1:7. Crescens to Galatia. 2:18-22: Let no man beguile you of your reward in a voluntary humility and worshipping of angels. 2 Jn. evil surmisings. vainly puffed up by his fleshly mind.Col. Titus unto Dalmatia. that they might be made manifest that they were not all of us. 4:1-3: Now the Spirit speaketh expressly. whose God is their belly. He is proud. whereby we know that it is the last time. handle not. and doctrines of devils. why. hath not God. and will preserve me unto his heavenly kingdom: to whom be glory forever and ever. 1 Jn. and even now already is it in the world… They are of the world: therefore speak they of the world. that they are the enemies of the cross of Christ: Whose end is destruction. and abideth not in the doctrine of Christ. railings. Which all are to perish with the using. even the words of our Lord Jesus Christ. which have not profited them that have been occupied therein. even now are there many antichrists. and is departed unto Thessalonica. but doting about questions and strifes of words. taste not. And not holding the Head. but all men forsook me: I pray God that it may not be laid to their charge. Forbidding to marry. and that all the Gentiles might hear: and I was delivered out of the mouth of the lion. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Php. not with meats. and a good conscience. whom I have delivered unto Satan. supposing that gain is godliness: from such withdraw thyself. And the Lord shall deliver me from every evil work. 1 Tim. Perverse disputings of men of corrupt minds.) after the commandments and doctrines of men? Php. they would no doubt have continued with us: but they went out. Holding faith. 2 Tim. that by me the preaching might be fully known. 13:9: Be not carried about with divers and strange doctrines. and knit together. 2:18-19: Little children. he hath both the Father and the Son. intruding into those things which he hath not seen. Notwithstanding the Lord stood with me. Heb.

and our Lord Jesus Christ …these speak evil of those things which they know not: but what they know naturally. and are gone astray. and perished in the gainsaying of Core. let him be accursed” (Gal. 2Pet 3:17: Ye therefore. Who concerning the truth have erred. Woe unto them! for they have gone in the way of Cain.3 Jn. or an angel from heaven. Let every one that nameth the name of Christ depart from iniquity. He that doeth good is of God: but he that doeth evil hath not seen God. and was not ashamed of my chain. and all evil speakings. a workman that needeth not to be ashamed. Jude 1:4. 2:15-20: Study to shew thyself approved unto God. and casteth them out of the church. as natural brute beasts. prating against us with malicious words: and not content therewith. 1:15-16: This thou knowest. they themselves are the servants of corruption: for of whom a man is overcome. fall from your own stedfastness. that ye may grow thereby unto salvation. even as there shall be false teachers among you. following the way of Balaam the son of Bosor. D. and some to honour. but also of wood and of earth. and shall utterly perish in their own corruption 2 Pet. who loveth to have the preeminence among them. ungodly men. and envies. and forbiddeth them that would. I will remember his deeds which he doeth. even denying the Lord that bought them. But though we. And. and ran greedily after the error of Balaam for reward. 2 Pet. But in a great house there are not only vessels of gold and of silver. 2:19: While they promise them liberty. of the same is he brought in bondage. receiveth us not. who privily shall bring in damnable heresies. by reason of whom the way of truth shall be evil spoken of. but there be some that trouble you. preach any other gospel unto you than that which we have preached unto you. 1:6-8). as brute beasts. for he oft refreshed me. if I come. 10-11: For there are certain men crept in unawares. The Lord knoweth them that are his. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . And many shall follow their pernicious ways. in those things they corrupt themselves. speak evil of the things that they understand not. but that which is good. turning the grace of our God into lasciviousness. being led away with the error of the wicked. seeing ye know these things before. and some to dishonour. Beloved. Wherefore. 1 Pet. beloved. who were before of old ordained to this condemnation. But shun profane and vain babblings: for they will increase unto more ungodliness. long for the spiritual milk which is without guile. follow not that which is evil. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. rightly dividing the word of truth. of whom are Phygellus and Hermogenes. 2:15: Which have forsaken the right way.154 - . 1:9-11: I wrote unto the church: but Diotrephes. and would pervert the gospel of Christ. as newborn babes. 2 Tim. and denying the only Lord God. who loved the wages of unrighteousness 2 Pet. neither doth he himself receive the brethren. saying that the resurrection is past already. 2:12: …these. having this seal. The Lord give mercy unto the house of Onesiphorus. 2:1-3: But there were false prophets also among the people. and all guile. Nevertheless the foundation of God standeth sure. and their damnation slumbereth not. beware lest ye also. and hypocrisies. that all they which are in Asia be turned away from me. made to be taken and destroyed. and bring upon themselves swift destruction. Etc… Remember: “I marvel that ye are so soon removed from him that called you into the grace of Christ unto another gospel: Which is not another. 2 Pet. And through covetousness shall they with feigned words make merchandise of you: whose judgment now of a long time lingereth not. 2:1-2: Wherefore laying aside all malice. And their word will eat as doth a canker: of whom is Hymenaeus and Philetus. and overthrow the faith of some. 2 Tim.

but that is another topic: “For such are false apostles. the complete formulation of the teaching was declared only at the 11th Synod of Toledo in 675 A.’ Payment was always made I the name of some person referring to ownership. and not after Christ” (Col.com/fdocc3/in-my-name. deceitful workers.155 - . Read “all the Bible . -----------------To go to the main text: http://www. 11:13-15). Therefore it is no great thing if his ministers also be transformed as the ministers of righteousness.apostolic-voice.D. (cf. ‘in the name of Jesus’ Page 377 on Acts 2:38 NAME was an ancient synonym for ‘person. at the Nicean Counsel. Fundamentals of Catholic Dogma. for Satan himself is transformed into an angel of light.” Page 38914 “Baptism was always in the name of Lord Jesus until time of Justin Martyr” when Triune formula used. …The invention of the term is ascribed to Tertullian. The very term “Trinity.htm 30. Systematic Theology Page 30 The Doctrine of Trinity is unscriptural. Therefore one being baptized in Jesus’ name became His personal property.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. ‘Ye are Christ’ 1 Cor. “speak in tongues all the time”)” that is really possible! to be able to identify what God really says in His wonderful Word. 3:23.all the time” as possible. 2:8). page 53). Baptism into the name of the Trinity was a later development. And the baptismal formula was changed in 325 D. In fact. after the rudiments of the world. whose end shall be according to their works” (2 Cor. after the tradition of men.org/tracts/baptism. Fundamentals Of Catholic Dogma Page 53 And 31.D. Page 378 “The use of a Trinitarian Formula of any sort was not suggested in early Church History. page 30).” Volume 2 Page 377 Christian baptism was administered using the words. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . transforming themselves into the apostles of Christ. And no marvel. “manifest holy spirit all the time (it is.” as Bible scholar Augustus Hopkins Strong affirms. 14 Water Baptism according to the Bible and Historical Reference at: http://www.” (Systematic Theology. Hasting’s Dictionary of the Bible (1898) Volume 1 Page 24 “[One explanation is that] the original form of words was ‘into the name of Jesus Chris’ or ‘the Lord Jesus’. H 32. and to “beware lest any man spoil you through philosophy and vain deceit.The “Book of Mormon” is another “trick” of the adversary.geocities. 33. D. was merely an invention: “The term ‘Trinity’ is not found in Scripture.

apostolic.htm 17 THE SIGNIFICANCED OF WATER BAPTISM found at: http://apostolicpentecostaloneness.apostolic-voice. not found in any other Gospel or anywhere else in the NT. (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. It is doubtless better to view the (Trinitarian) formula as derived from early (Catholic) Christian. Eusebius’s from of the (ancient) text (“in my name” rather than in the name of the Trinity) has had certain advocates. and the Spirit…” 35. Hastings Dictionary of the Bible (1963)18 Page 1015 “The Trinity: …is not demonstrable by logic or by Scriptural proofs… The term Trias was first used by Theophilus of Antioch (ca A.htm Water Baptism according to the Bible and Historical Reference at: http://www. 36.htm and http://www.org/tracts/baptism. 18 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. until the time of Justin Martyr when the trinity formula was used. 15. (Although the Trinitarian formula is now found in the modern-day book of Matthew). baptismal usage (cf Didache 7:1-4). See 1 Corinthians 1:13. but rather in the name of Jesus or Lord Jesus.apostolic-voice. Christ.faithweb.com/water.htm and published in the PENTECOSTAL HERALD. D. 180)… (The term Trinity) is not found in Scripture…” “The chief Trinitarian text in the NT is the baptismal formula in Matthew 28:19… This late post-resurrection saying. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. has been viewed by some scholars as an interpolation into Matthew.org/tracts/baptism.D. It has also been pointed out that the idea of making disciples is continued in teaching them. baptism was always in the name of the Lord Jesus.net) found at website: http://www.Hastings Dictionary of the Bible15 by James Hastings.geocities. 19:5).htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Finally. Acts 8:16. perhaps Syrian or Palestinian. Hastings Encyclopedia of Religion Volume 2 Page 377-378 Christian baptism was administered using the words.156 - . and as a brief summary of the (Catholic) church’s teaching about God. August 1993. the primitive church baptized ‘in’ or ‘into the name of Jesus’ (or ‘Jesus Christ. which is marked by the trinitarian formula of Matthew 28:19.’ The use of the Trinitarian formula of any sort was not suggested in the early church history.com/fdocc3/quotations.”17 34. (1963) Page 8816 It must be acknowledged that the three fold name of Matthew 28:19 does not appear to have been used by the primitive church. Hastings Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics Article ‘Baptism: Early Christian 15 16 Water Baptism according to the Bible and Historical Reference at: http://www. “Different from the post-apostolic and later Christian liturgical praxis.” Page 384 ‘There is no evidence (in early church history) for the use of the triune name. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . so that the intervening reference to baptism with its Trinitarian formula was perhaps a later insertion into the saying. ‘in the name of Jesus.” Page 389 Baptism was always in the name of Jesus until time of Justin Martyr.’ or ‘the Lord Jesus’. this does not guarantee its source in the historical teaching of Jesus. ed.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.

Hibbert Journal by F. εις τὸ όνομα τοῦ πατρὸς. and it is highly probable that in the time of Paul all Jewish Christians were also baptized. On the other hand. Baptism in the Apostolic age was εις τὸ ά̓φεσιν αμαρτιῶν. and probably his contemporaries also. Literary Criticism and Historical Criticism) is thus distinctly against the view that Matt. εις τὸ ό̓νομα (into the name). History of Dogma by Adolf von Harnack Volume I Chapter II. and which Jesus had not demolished. 1879. and for that very reason lived with all their thoughts and feelings in the future. even after John himself had been removed. The descent of the spirit on the ̓ ̔ baptized very soon ceased to be regarded as the necessary and immediate result of baptism. C. Paul knows of no other way of receiving the Gentiles into the Christian communities than by baptism.157 - . 19. By its organization. yet Paul.” or an obligation to it ex necessitate salutis. for Matt. 38. We cannot make out when the formula. 2.geocities. (76) and in their gatherings. They knew themselves to be the true Israel of the Messianic time (see § 1). Holtzman. Jesus himself baptized not. with which an act of baptism seems to have been united from the very first .htm) A community of Christian believers was formed within the Jewish national community. καὶ τοῦ αγιου ρνευματος (in the name of the Father. Footnote # 76: It cannot be directly proved that Jesus instituted baptism.htm) and (http://www. According to John IV. 1885. the power of believing in God the Father and of fulfilling the lofty moral and social commands which Jesus had set forth. and of the Son. and has not the authority in the Apostolic age. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . or justly inferred it from the εις ά̓φεσιν αμαρτιῶν. XXVIII. 5). which it must have had if it had descended from Jesus himself. Cor. and indeed εις τὸ ̓ ̔ ̓ όνομα (1. One guarantee for their fulfillment was supposed to be possessed in the various manifestations of the Spirit which were displayed in the members of the new communities at their entrance. continued to a great extent in force (see § 4). See Scholten.” 37. but his disciples under his superintendence. T. considered the grace of baptism and the communication of the spirit to be inseparably united.godglorified. 28:19 represents the exact words of Christ. The reasons for this assertion are: (1) It is only a later stage of the tradition that represents the risen Christ as delivering speeches and giving commandments. and of the Holy Ghost). the assurance of eternal life. Die Taufformel. it bore witness to the impression which the Person of Jesus had made on it. expresses that the person baptized is put into a ̓ relation of dependence on him into whose name he is baptized. Ztsch. It is possible only with the help of tradition to trace back to Jesus a “Sacrament of Baptism. is not a saying of the Lord. the close brotherly union of its members. Paul has given baptism a relation to the death of Christ. I. though it is credible that tradition is correct here. 13: Acts XIX. We may perhaps assume that the practice of baptism was continued in consequence of Jesus' recognition of John the Baptist and his baptism. Conybeare The popes of the seventh century excommunicated the entire Celtic Church because of its adhesion to the old use of invoking the one name. Hence the Apocalyptic hopes which in manifold types were current in the Judaism of the time. f. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.com/various_quotes. καὶ ̓ ̓ ̓ τοῦ υιοῦ. D. ̔ ̓ emerged. Paul knows nothing of it. Theol. The formula. and drew from faith in Jesus and hope of his return. Die Taufe im N.com/fdocc3/quotations.“The cumulative evidence of these three lines of criticism (Textual Criticism. wiss. The Presuppositions of the History of Dogma Page 79 (http://www. (2) The Trinitarian formula is foreign to the mouth of Jesus.

and make disciples of all nations in My name. that in the name of Jesus every knee shall bow. 19. Conybeare states. Coneybeare). p. 13). Coneybeare Conybeare. p. 28:19) was a late addition.. 11.in his famous history of the Church. LXI 3.60 article: baptism). 1959. "We certainly know of a greater number of interpolations and corruptions brought into the Scriptures by the Athanasians. 240. Apol. "The Eusebian Form of the Text Matt.the trinitarian formula (Matt. Then in two controversial works written in his extreme old age. Hibbert Journal. VII. but he more than once comments on it in such a way as to show how much he set store by the words 'in my name'. Erwin Preuschen in Darmstaft in 1901.. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .. the primitive Church baptized 'in' or 'into the name of Jesus. any such interpolation or corruption made in any one of them [the Scriptures] by either the Eusebians or Arians. Thus. see I Co 1:13. that I know of. Moreover. D. ". 1963. and his work belonged. but with the essential addition 'in his name.15.' (or 'Jesus Christ. i. Concerning Matthew 28:19. the great Ecclesiastical historian. he had never heard and knew nothing until he had visited Constantinople and attended the Council of Nice. And Eusebius is not content merely to cite the verse in this form. . after a moderate search in these works of Eusebius. namely in his long commentaries on the Psalms.. Of any other form of text [than the "in My name" reading]. 28. Sir William Whiston stated." ( Second letter to the Bishop of London. p. and therefore say to his Apostles: 'Go ye. 1719. "Eusebius cites this text of Matthew 28:19 again and again in works written between 300-336 AD. and relating to the Doctrine of the Trinity.' and the other 'About The Theology Of The Church. edited by Dr. Just. While we have not. in his Demonstratio Evangelica he writes thus (col. which is marked by the trinitarian formula of Mt 28:19 (see Did. on Isaiah.' he used the common reading after Nice. died in 340 A.' It was right therefore that he [Jesus] should emphasize the virtue of the power residing in his name but hidden from the many. and of the Holy Ghost"]. "It is evident that this ["in My name"] was the text found by Eusebius in the very ancient codices collected fifty to a hundred and fifty years before his birth by his great predecessors.. "I have collected all these passages except one which is in a catena published by Mai in a German magazine. and entitled: 'Against Marcellus of Ancyra. article: Baptism)..136): "For he did not enjoin them to 'make disciples of all the nations' simply and without qualification. 5). (Dictionary of the Bible. and in his panegyric of the emperor Constantine.. And in the eighth edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary. p.. it states. than in any other case whatsoever. Conybeare states." (Hibbert Journal.158 - . F. ix. Ac 8:16. F. 19:5.88. If the Greek MS. it seems impossible that he could have quoted this verse eighteen times without including them. "Now Eusebius." (Harper's Bible Dictionary sixth edition." Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft 2: 275-288. his Demonstratio Evangelica. and of the Son. "Different from the post-apostolic and later Christian liturgical praxis.' " (Hibbert Journal. 3. found eighteen citations of Matthew 28:19. the Zeitschrift fur die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft. and always in the following form: 'Go ye and make disciples of all nations in my name. Did. 1901. therefore.' or 'the Lord Jesus'. James Hasting. his Theophany. there contained these words ["baptizing them in the name of the Father. "While the earliest formula of baptism seems to have been 'in the name of the Lord Jesus' (Acts 8:16.39. C. I have." In fact. p 15). F.D. whatsoever I commanded you.make disciples of all the nations IN MY NAME.105)..' " (Hibbert Journal quoting Eusebius) Conybeare continues.. he lived in one of the greatest Christian Libraries of that day. Eusebius' rendering here (.. teaching them to observe all things.' For so great was the virtue attached to this appellation that the Apostle [Paul] says: 'God bestowed on him the name above every name.) ties directly with Luke 24:47 as listed above (repentance and remission of sins should be preached IN HIS [Jesus'] NAME among all nations). in part to the third century. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. of things in heaven and on earth and under the earth.

while the more enlightened will discard it as completely as they have its fellow-text of the three witnesses [I Jn 5:7." (The Philosophy of the Church Fathers. Philo. Philo clearly taught the trinity doctrine.R. By Light: The Mystic Gospel of Hellenistic Judaism. D." (Conybeare). p. By consequence.in such a way. Goodenough Light. Alexandria was a hotbed of philosophical thought. is unauthentic. Henry Austryn Wolfsan.33). [These added words of I Jn 5].. who in Himself is unity. the early church baptized in the name of Jesus until the second century." He stated that a "holy and divine vision" of the Rulership is perceived ".8]. he states that ". Whence we infer that their texts agreed with that of Eusebius [meaning. who were called 'pneumatomachi' or 'fighters against the Holy Spirit'. on the whole. that in future the most conservative of divines will shrink from resting on it any dogmatic fabric at all. When did the corruption of the baptismal formula arise? According to Canney's Encyclopedia of Religion.389.one God.. "In the pages of Clement of Alexandria. yet appears in the likeness of a triad. lived in Alexandria and taught his false doctrines of Gnosticism there. much like the added words recorded in I John 5:7 (which are not in any Greek MS. that a single vision appears to him [the one having the vision] as a triad. p. And in Volume 2 of the Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics. that it too. rejects the traditional attribution of the tripartite baptismal formula to Jesus and regards it as a later origin. and of the Son.159 - . they lacked the triune reading of Mt 28:19]" (Hibbert Journal. and co-eternal with the Father and the Son. and that the words. 277)... the text 'in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost' was used as a battle-cry by the orthodox against the adherents of Macedonius." (E.. He spoke of ". Son. Conybeare). "baptizing them in the name of the Father. And we have just seen that in light of Scripture and the early "church" writings. ed Sylb." have been added to God's word to support the trinitarian doctrine brought in by the philosophers and other pagan "converts" to "Christianity". and a triad as unity. and Holy Ghost in the 2nd century. "In the course of my reading. These Mystery teachings were the source of Theodotus' "Christianized" Gnostic trinitarian doctrine cited by Clement of Alexandria.. 1 John 5:7-8. Encyclopaedia Brittanica (11th ed. Jewish philosopher. the entire weight of proving the Trinity has of late come to rest on Matthew 28:19. Vol 3.287).. I have been able to substantiate these doubts of the authenticity of the text Matthew 28:19 by adducing patristic evidence against it so weighty. and of the Holy Ghost.76.are now abandoned by all authorities except the Pope of Rome. " And again. shared with Matthew 28:19 the onerous task of furnishing scriptural evidence of the Trinity. Conybeare). They also stoutly denied that any text in the New Testament authorized such a co-ordination of the Spirit with the Father and Son. Pythagoras and Plato .. a text some what similar to Matthew 28:19 is once cited--but as from a gnostic heretic. "In the last half of the fourth century. It should now be clearly seen that all things are to be done in Jesus' name (Col 3:17). F. and not as from the canonical text as follows--'And to the Apostles he gives the command: Going around preach ye and baptise those who believe in the name of the Father and Son and Holy Spirit' " (Conybeare quoting from Excerpta cap. 40. These words were not part of the original God-inspired text. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. p.a doctrine which they all received from the Mystery teachings of Babylon. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .10:48) the trinitarian formula obviously became the standard at a very early time.. "Until the middle of the nineteenth century the text of the three witnesses." (Hibbert Journal F.. because they declined to include the Spirit in a Trinity of persons as co-equal.the intellect perceives most clearly a unity although previously it learned to apprehend it under the similitude of a Trinity. stating that baptism was changed from the name of Jesus to the words Father.. named Theodotus. p365) agrees. it notes that baptism was always performed in the name of Jesus until the time of Justin Martyr." "Critical scholarship. prior to the 16th century). P. as did fellow philosophers. consubstantial. How did these spurious words get into the text and from whence did they come? Fred Conybeare notes.

therefore. could not contain the very words of Jesus―this long before any one except Dr. is a reflection of the (Catholic) liturgical usage established later in the primitive (Catholic) community. Eberhard Nestle.” K 44. at Caesarea in Palestine. and Holy Ghost.apostolic.net) found at website: http://www. It had been conjectured by Dr.htm and http://www. that here the received text. but the older is perhaps the shorter formula which refers to Christ." 41. Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible (1962) Volume 1 Page 351 “The evidence… suggests that baptism in early Christianity was administered. J 43. in the name of the Father. Kerygma of Pg UNDER THE SACRAMENTS 19 the Hellenistic 133 Church (1950) From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D.htm) "It is clear.” I 42.godglorified. D.com/various_quotes. 98-102. which is cited as the traditional one by Justin Martyr.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.geocities. so far as the fullness of its expression is concerned. cf. and by Prof. had noticed the Eusebian form of the reading. in his new edition of the New Testament in Latin and Greek. Dr. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . James Moffett’s New Testament Translation19 In the footnote on page 64 about Matthew 28:19 he makes this statement: “It may be that this (Trinitarian) formula. and that Dr. Conybeare. Burgon. Acts 1:5+. and Holy Ghost." "It is satisfactory to notice that Dr. that of the MSS which Eusebius inherited from his predecessor.160 - . Sanday seems to lean to its acceptance.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.com/fdocc3/quotations. some at least preserved the original reading. who kept the discovery to himself. Son.htm) and (http://www. 111-112: (http://www. in which there was no mention either of Baptism or of Father. is perhaps not the oldest. It will be remembered that Acts speaks of baptizing ‘in the name of Jesus. not in the threefold name. but ‘in the name of Jesus Christ’ or ‘in the name of the Lord Jesus’”. 1910.History of New Testament Criticism. History of the Christian Religion and Church by Neander “The formula of baptism. Pamphilus. Martineau. pages. by the present Dean of Westminister.geocities. Davidson. furnishes the Eusebian reading in his critical apparatus. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. Son.com/fdocc3/quotations. Harnack (to mention but a few names out of many).

A.htm and http://www.com/fdocc3/quotations. and how the real early Church of the bible baptized.161 - .htm and http://www. "The one's baptizing names over the one's being baptized in the name of 'THE LORD JESUS CHRIST’.htm 21 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D.com/fdocc3/quotations.” 47. Bernard ©1991 David K. a Roman Catholic Church Father in the Third Century. the Trinitarian formula was later inserted. for nowhere in the book of Acts (or any other book of the Bible) is baptism performed with the name of the Trinity…” O 48.first attested in Did. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . 1994. Heb 10:22. Barn 11:11 permit us to gather.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. At the time of the Reformation the Protestant Church took over the doctrine of the Trinity without serious examination. 7:1” 45. Bernard Printing History: 1992. "Also we find this confession of what really happened to Matthew 28:19. and as Did.net) found at website: http://www.net) found at website: http://www. 7:1-3 specifically says. and if possible in flowing water as the allusions of Acts 8:26. Oneness and Trinity. 1998 Chapter 8 20 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. 100-300 by David K.” N 46. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. Kyrios Christianity by Wilhelm Bousset20 Page 295 “The testimony for the wide distribution of the simple baptismal formula (in the name of Jesus) down into the second century is so overwhelming that even in Matthew 28:19.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 1996.geocities. The Son. and the Holy Spirit .” Page 477 “The term ‘Trinity’ was originated by Tertullian.geocities. Willis (Cwillis@ipa.D.apostolic. D. New Revised Standard Version of the Bible21 “Modern critics claim this formula is falsely ascribed to Jesus and that it represents later (Catholic) church tradition. Modern theology does not seek to find it in the Old Testament. it was normally consummated as a bath in which the one receiving baptism completely submerged."As to the rite of baptism.apostolic. New International Encyclopedia Volume 22 Page 476 “The doctrine of the ‘Trinity’ is not found in it’s fully developed from in the Scriptures. later expanded (OR CHANGED) to the name (more properly 'titles’) of the Father.

and one passage in the Didache refers to this formula. Even so. Thus. by Tertullian. Cyprian maintained that any baptism performed by heretics was invalid. continued to include the name of Jesus. in which they might be absolved from all their sins on the invocation of His name. In a letter to Jubaianus in 256. is baptized in His name” (1:39). Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . but he opposed accepting the baptism of “heretics” simply on the basis that they had invoked the name of Jesus.” Acts of Peter and Paul: “We positively believe in our Lord Jesus Christ. anonymous. The Gospel of Philip also speaks of baptism in the name of Jesus (2:3:72). into whom we have been baptized. Their position shows how highly people regarded baptism in Jesus’ name even during this time of change and compromise. The emphasis on the name of Jesus by both Clement and Ignatius further indicates that the church of this age practiced baptism in Jesus’ name. The evidence surrounding this controversy indicates that many people in the institutional church also baptized in Jesus’ name. and pseudonymous books give us a glimpse of prevalent practices among the common people. Both sides agreed that baptism was necessary for remission of sins and salvation. and everyone agreed that baptism in Jesus’ name within the mainstream church was valid. which was “in the name of Jesus Christ. teachers. bishop of Rome. such as Justin and later Irenaeus. D. and in any manner. When Marcion’s followers broke away from the church near the beginning of that age they continued to follow the formula that the church was using. Nevertheless. those who used such a formula. who split off at the beginning of the Old Catholic Age. The Age of the Greek Apologists provides the first definite evidence for a threefold formula.) The earliest evidence for the modern trinitarian formula is provided by one passage of the Didache (probably interpolated). Those who disagreed with him felt that the name of Jesus was so powerful in baptism that it was efficacious even for schismatics.Baptism in the Name of Jesus Page 121-128 Most church historians agree that the original Christian baptismal formula was “in the name of Jesus” (typically with the title of Lord or Christ). (See chapter 9.1 In the Post-Apostolic Age. Various apocryphal. or “heretics” and since they were not used primarily for doctrinal authority. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. be opposed the teaching that “all who are baptized everywhere. in the name of Jesus Christ.” Recognitions of Clement (part of the Pseudo-Clementine literature of the late second or early third century): “[Jesus] instituted baptism by water amongst them. but they preserve evidence of typical baptismal practices. In opposition to Stephen. also apparently used the Jesus Name formula. and by Origen. it seems that later scribes were not as concerned about insuring their doctrinal purity. Evidence in Popular Literature The popular literature of the age provides evidence for baptism in Jesus’ name. the evidence discussed in this chapter shows that baptism in the name of Jesus was still widespread during this time. . This formula is apparently the product of the Old Catholic Age. These writings are not always reliable doctrinally. .2 Evidence Preserved by Cyprian Cyprian wrote of many “heretics” in his day who baptized in the name of Jesus. Since they were not written by wellknown church leaders. works of this kind were less subject to alteration or destruction for doctrinal reasons. Cyprian did not object to people in the church who baptized in Jesus’ name. . believing in this Prophet who had been foretold by Moses. Hermas and probably Clement of Rome alluded to baptism in Jesus’ name.” The early Montanists.162 - . Acts of Paul and Thecla (a second-century work probably by an Asiatic presbyter): “In the name of Jesus Christ I am baptized on my last day. Every one who.

wherefore. Cyprian wrote against Stephen to Pompey. for the reception of the Holy Spirit?” (73:5). and “the custom and authority which so much claim our veneration for so long a time and for such great men” (15). immediately obtains the grace of Christ” (74:18). but if he corrects his error. its position had overwhelming support: the support of “the most ancient custom and ecclesiastical tradition” (1). These phrases indicate not only the acceptance of baptism performed outside the institutional church but strong support specifically for baptism in the name of Jesus. no slight advantage for the attainment of salvation” (6). The treatise argues that baptism in Jesus’ name does not contradict Matthew 28:19. “the authority of so many years. Presumably. since they already acknowledged the Father (72:17). acknowledges the truth.’ Because. baptize them in the name of the Father. demonstrates that many people both inside and outside the institutional church baptized in the name of Jesus. It quotes Stephen as teaching: “The name of Christ is of great advantage to faith and the sanctification of baptism. Gentiles who did not already acknowledge the Father should not be baptized “in the name of Jesus Christ” but must be baptized in the trinity (72:18). then it becomes effective. It concludes that rebaptism is not necessary: “Heretics who are already baptized in water in the name of Jesus Christ must only be baptized with the Holy Spirit” (12).’ it must needs have been by the continued effect of the invocation of the name of Jesus. The invocation of Jesus’ name alone does not bring salvation to the heretic. and of the Son. so that they who are baptized anywhere and anyhow. are judged to be renewed and sanctified.163 - . Cyprian accused the heretics of not properly honoring the name of the Father in their baptism (72:19). In fact. because. . and receives the Holy Spirit. the name of Jesus is significant and effective in baptism. . He asked. The treatise makes a number of significant points. afford[s] to him . have yet been baptized in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ” and who turn from their heresy to the church (1). although this is true and right. . once invoked. against Stephen.have obtained the grace of baptism” (Epistles 72:16). arguing that if the church denied that heretics received the Holy Spirit in the name of Jesus it should also deny that they received valid water baptism in the name of Jesus. . “Can they who among the heretics are said to be baptized in the name of Christ be judged to have obtained remission of sins?” and answered no (72:17). the one baptism of Ephesians 4:5 is baptism in the name of Jesus. Acts 4:12 and Philippians 2:9-11 show that “the power of the name of Jesus invoked upon any man by baptism . “A Treatise on Rebaptism” A Treatise on Rebaptism by an anonymous writer. “Neither must you esteem what our Lord said as being contrary to this treatment: ‘Go ye. Cyprian conceded that Peter taught baptism in Jesus’ name in Acts 2:38 but argued that this baptism was for the Jews. teach the nations. in the name of the same Christ. The treatise discusses what should be done about persons “who. probably a third-century bishop who opposed Cyprian. it cannot be taken away by man” (10). Second. First. bishop of Caesarea in Cappadocia. D. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . and to be observed by all means in the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. he did not object to someone being baptized into the church in Jesus’ name if he already honored the Father properly as the believers in Acts did. Among Cyprian’s correspondence is a letter written in 256 by Firmilian. although baptized in heresy. “When the apostle said that there was ‘one baptism. “If they attribute the effect of baptism to the majesty of the name. are not hands laid upon the baptized persons among them. “the venerable authority of all the churches” (2). so that whosoever is anywhere soever baptized in the name of Christ. and so many churches and apostles and bishops” (6). and of the Holy Ghost. the heretic does not “lose that former invocation of the name of Jesus” (6). in the name of Jesus Christ.

which was introduced in the Age of the Greek Apologists and used in the early Old Catholic Age. “If any bishop or presbyter does not perform the three immersions of the one admission. but one immersion. Therefore ought this invocation of the name of Jesus to be received as a certain beginning of the mystery of the Lord common to us and to all others. using the titles of Father.” This document also reports that not only were heretics baptized by “invoking the name of the Lord Jesus. therefore. .” It seems that some bishops and presbyters were refusing to use the trinitarian formula even in the fourth century. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. It seems that those who denied Trinitarianism but upheld the deity of Jesus refused to use the trinitarian formula but baptized in Jesus’ name. The Treatise on Rebaptism and the controversy between Cyprian and Stephen reveal that both splinter groups and groups within the institutional church still practiced baptism in the name of Jesus throughout the age.Church. canon 50. and occasionally some even by men outside the Church. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Conclusions Baptism in the name of Jesus was the practice of the apostolic church and of the Post-Apostolic Age. they were careful to affirm respect for the original and still popular formula.” Apparently. It speaks of “every lay Christian. and Holy Spirit. are in like manner baptized” (12). . Gradually. . the collection of John of Damascus adds a condemnation of modalism and of the idea “that there is one God with three names. both “Jews and Gentiles. in which name all kinds of power are accustomed to be exercised. during a time of coexistence and compromise. Here. Early trinitarians in the Old Catholic Age such as Tertullian and Origen omitted the name of Jesus altogether. Son. Various popular writings and the Treatise on Rebaptism indicate that in the first part of the Old Catholic Age the Jesus Name formula was still dominant and that in the latter part of the age it was still widespread. and moreover has been used to be observed. the Jesus Name formula was not replaced overnight. The common pastors and laity were not as quick to change the baptismal formula. but it contains elements from earlier times. Do ye. Other References Apostolic Constitutions (or Constitutions of the Holy Apostles) was written in the fourth century or later. Even when theologians began to advocate the trinitarian formula. upon whom the name of our Lord Jesus Christ is called” (8:44). or else he concluded that invoking Jesus’ name was the proper fulfillment of Matthew 28:19. Appended to it are the Canons of Hippolytus. Clearly. in the collection of Dionysius.164 - . baptize thrice into one Father. fully believing as they ought. At this point. which was viewed as an endorsement of a modalistic concept of God. D. . then. which is given into the death of Christ. The latter conclusion is supported by his statements that “the invocation of the name of Jesus” in baptism fulfills the “one baptism” of Ephesians 4:5 and that it is something “common to us and to all others. O bishops. . and Holy Ghost. yet it behoves us to consider that invocation of the name of Jesus ought not to be thought futile by us on account of the veneration and power of that very name. the condemned baptism was single immersion in the name of Jesus Christ. which is of late origin. The name of Jesus was still included in the earliest threefold formula. Either the author thought that both a threefold formula and the Jesus Name formula were acceptable.” but many people. . let him be deprived. which may afterwards be filled up with the remaining things” (7). reveals that there was a controversy over trinitarian baptism and insists upon three immersions in the three titles. and Son. the trinitarian formula gained ascendancy and eventually replaced the Jesus Name formula in the institutional church. is evidence that the baptismal formula was associated with controversies over the Godhead.

Bernard Printing History: 1992. 100-300 by David K. Reed. 1996. the Beginning of Christianity to Irenaeus. Bethune-Baker. As chapter 1 discussed. Danker. and in the teachings of a prominent group that historians call the modalistic monarchians. Oneness Views in Popular Literature Although theologians during the Old Catholic Age began to speak in trinitarian terms. the primary impetus for the newer formula was controversy over the Godhead. 2nd ed. 1978). Origins and Development of the Theology of Oneness Pentecostalism in the United States (Ann Arbor. reprint. it appears that for many decades most believers continued to think and speak in terms of a basic. particularly among the common believers. F.Evidently. John A. 1 of The Development of Christian Doctrine Before the Council of Nicaea. and trans. 1970). David A. Heick. but for the purposes of this chapter we will use the term modalism in a generic sense to refer to a system of belief that simultaneously affirms the numerical oneness of God (to the exclusion of trinitarianism) and the absolute deity of Jesus Christ. 1998 Chapter 9 Oneness Concepts in Popular Belief Page 129-142 As we have seen. Footnote references: Chapter 8. 1933). Mich. By the end of the age the trinitarian formula had become dominant. Lonman. Gingrich.165 - . Baker. Ancient Champions of Oneness (1979. 2James M.. 25. 1:53. Arndt. The Nag Hammadi Library in English (New York: Harper and Row. Wilhelm Bousset. W. or modalists.. Kyrios Christianity—A History of the Belief in Christ from. W. and Todd. 5th ed. Mo. Hazelwood. J. 87. Bernard ©1991 David K. John Steely (New York: Abingdon. W. 571-73. (London: Darton. 292. Kirsopp Lake. it is difficult to know just how representative these existing writings are and how many works that taught other views have been lost to us. F.D. A History of the Christian Church (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. Williston Walker. it is evident that Oneness views were prevalent in the Old Catholic Age. chap. trans.: Word Aflame Press. D. original Oneness belief. in Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics 2:389. Trinitarian theologians began to emphasize the trinitarian formula as a means of combatting first modalism and then Arianism. 5. 1982). among the Montanists. 378. 1994. 1979). Baptism in the Name of Jesus. For further citations. A. 1978). ed. The Theology of Jewish Christianity vol. An Introduction to the Early History of Christian Doctrine (London: Methuen and Company. 220. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . 1 49 Oneness and Trinity. 147. Robinson. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Walter Bauer. however. 58. Oneness concepts appeared in the popular writings of the age. see William Chalfant.. We may never be able to reconstruct an accurate picture of the age as a whole. 1964). and F A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature. ed. 323. (Chicago: University of Chicago Press. Chapter 10 will analyze the doctrine of the modalistic teachers in detail.: University Microfilms International. the theologians of the Old Catholic Age whose writings remain were predominantly trinitarian of one sort or another. Jean Danielou. 1947). Nevertheless. F.

Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . we glorify the name by which thou hast been called through the Son. common. and the seat of the ages.” The Testaments of the Twelve Patriarchs (second century): “The Lord God. and they probably did not even consciously think about the matter. the root of immortality. we glorify the resurrection which has been manifested to us through Thee. . is higher and more exalted than every name that we speak of— our God. It was only when the more educated among them began to attempt to think through this confession. controversial. Thou who hast been called all these for our sakes.” and Christian Gentiles told their Jewish counterparts. the truth.” This work includes a prayer to “God Lord Jesus Christ” and other prayers “in the name of Jesus Christ” but no trinitarian prayers. Jesus Christ. questionable. and the fountain of incorruption.” Acts of John: “He . On this view. “We . calling upon Thee through these. but had. . . “We glorify the name by which Thou has been called by the Father. . the place of refuge in Thee. We do not endorse these writings or all their contents. .166 - . Son and Holy Spirit. . with the exception of a few theologians (e.” Acts of Peter and Andrew: “Truly great is the God of Peter and Andrew.1 The following quotation describes the most common way in which modern trinitarian historians try to explain the prevalence of modalism or monarchianism in the Roman Empire. and Holy Spirit as trinitarian Eucharistic prayers do. It was in reaction to the initial solutions proposed by such educated leaders as Tertullian and Hippolytus that the modalistic monarchian interpretation of the faith was born. that there was anything to be explained in the Church’s triadic confession and liturgy prior to this late second-century controversy. .g. Son. or pseudonymous books. that can be seen only by the pure. seen in Thine only Son. . . appear[ed] upon earth as a man. which does not address Father. but instead addresses the Lord and describes Him as the one God revealed through His Son. The church leaders’ interpretation emphasized the plurality of the Church’s confession. . . It also contains a Eucharistic prayer. They took for granted that their readers would understand and agree. anonymous. the knowledge. Him called Son of man for our sakes. They did not see these Oneness statements as innovative. of Thee we glorify . that now we. By “popular” we mean primarily “of the common people” and in a secondary sense “accepted among people in general. the rest. Historians today generally conclude that the common people of the Old Catholic Age thought in modalistic rather than consciously trinitarian terms. including most of the Church’s leaders.” The way in which these statements are woven into the text without explanation indicates that the authors simply assumed their view of God and Christ to be the accepted one. . may recognize Thine illimitable presence. Acts of Peter and Paul: Paul “gave thanks to the Lord and Master Jesus Christ. the Apologists). but in an incidental way the quotations show popular modes of thought. For Thou alone art Lord. three first arose. of necessity we must quote primarily from apocryphal. the Church had always confessed a faith in the Father. the Mighty One of Israel. and tended What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. this faith. in some sense. Perhaps the most popular contemporary explanation for this phenomena is that which sees the popular monarchian movement as being an initial reaction of the common Christians against the philosophical articulation of the common trinitarian creed and liturgy of the Church. that the problem of how God could be one and yet. never explained. and I from this time forth believe in the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. D. God hath taken a body and eaten with men and saved men” (2:6). prevalent. It had never occurred to most Christians. . largely in philosophical categories which were not familiar to the common Christians. .To obtain a glimpse of prevalent views among the common people as distinguished from theologians and philosophers. or confusing. liked by very many or most people. The following quotations from popular Christian literature of the time indicate that many people thought of Jesus as the incarnation of the fullness of the one God. . or even attempted to explain. believe to be a Saviour the God whom you have forsaken in unbelief. the freedom.

liturgy. One party among the Montanists . [seems] to have embraced the doctrine that Father. but in reference to His appearance in humanity is called the Son. The common Christians of Rome. including speaking in tongues. took exception to the ‘subordination’ of some church writers and maintained that the names Father and Son were only different designations of the same subject. The label means that Father. Montanus. or faith of the church was primarily triadic or threefold with respect to God’s being. which later tended to legalism and asceticism. Such language about the Trinity was in itself quite acceptable in the second century. [Thus] some Montanists held to a naive formula for the Trinity that was shared by other Christians. . Son. .towards subordinationism and/or tritheism. The historical evidence indicates that many of the Montanists—perhaps all of them originally—did not adhere to a concept of plural persons in the Godhead but affirmed the absolute deity of Jesus. Nevertheless. The Council of Constantinople identified the Montanists as modalists (canon 7).”8 What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and indeed a noted convert to Montanism. And according to Pseudo-Tertullian in Against All Heresies. The doctrine of the trinity was in its formative stages when the Montanists split away. or modalism. . not persons) of the Monarchy (the one sovereign God). around 177. who ‘with reference to the relations in which He had previously stood to the world is called the Father. the priesthood of all believers. .4 Hippolytus twice identified some of the Montanists as modalists (Refutation of All Heresies 8:12. 2:15). 10:22).5 Jaroslav Pekilan concluded that some Montanists as well as many other Christians embraced a form of modalism. this explanation offers insight into the predominance of modalism and the conflict between Modalism and trinitarianism. the one God. . the imminent return of Jesus Christ. “Modalistic monarchianism.167 - . . and Holy Spirit were only successive modes of manifestation of the one God. opted for a theory which emphasized the unity and singularity of God in the Church’s creed and liturgy as well as the centrality of Christ in their worship. in contrast.’”7 The practical effect of this doctrine was to emphasize both the absolute oneness of God and the absolute deity of Jesus Christ. . but apparently this charge arose because he gave divine prophecies in the first person. They were accused of teaching that their founder. conceiving that the whole fulness of the Godhead dwelt in Christ. they used the Jesus Name formula. The modalists viewed “Jesus as the incarnation of the Godhead” and “the Father incarnate. confession. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .3 Apparently. Oneness Views among the Montanists At the beginning of the Old Catholic Age. was the incarnation of the Holy Spirit. so it is unlikely that the early Montanists were trinitarian. one group of Montanists were modalists (7:2). The Montanists emphasized the work and gifts of the Spirit. and Holy Spirit are modes (manifestations. Later. Tertullian. and even later.2 When we examine the New Testament and the Post-Apostolic Age it does not appear that the earliest creed. was later instrumental in developing the doctrine. Didymus stated that the church did not recognize the baptism of the Montanists because they held to modalism and did not baptize in the three persons of the trinity (On the Trinity. a group called the Montanists were expelled from the institutional church.6 Modalistic Monarchianism The most significant movement for our discussion is what historians call modalistic monarchianism. . D. and a life of strict morality. It is not clear whether his trinitarian ideas were shaped in part by Montanism or whether he was largely responsible for injecting trinitarian ideas into Montanism. Son. some of them apparently embraced trinitarianism.

14 Paul’s opponent Malchion charged in his Epistle against Paul of Samosata (270): “He put a stop to psalms sung in honour of Jesus” (2). According to the renowned historian Adolph Harnack. but not a tripersonality. before 180 there was no significant controversy over the trinity.”9 Pelikan views modalism as the logical expression of the existing faith of the average Christian. as it did that of no other man. And because the man Jesus was thus deified. that is a threefold mode of revelation. it appears that at least three Roman bishops— Victor. bishop of Antioch. because He existed in Him just as human reason exists in man. identified the Son with the Father. and as chapters 4. Noetus of Smyrna. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . . Paul of Samosata. was the dangerous opponent of the Logos-Christology between A. . . its most noted exponent. The latter was by far the more profound and Christian. . and Sabellius of Libya. or explained it as a mere ‘power’ (dunamis). By penetrating the humanity of Jesus progressively. . Both monotheism and the deity of Christ were safeguarded. . . In addition. present in all men.D. both sets of teachers defended God’s oneness against trinitarianism. and “the chief interest of Modalism was to maintain Christian monotheism without sacrificing the divinity of Christ. . “Modalistic Monarchianism . and accordingly met with the greater acceptance. . 5.”10 The most prominent exponents of modalism known to us were Praxeas of Asia Minor. . and admitted at most only a modal trinity. Other modalists were Epigonus. and Callistus—embraced this view. They taught in Rome in the late second and early third century.11 Heick concurred: “Modalism became very widespread and influential in the West . This doctrine of the relation between Christ and God turns out to have been a systematization of popular Christian belief. this divine power gradually deified it. though He cannot be regarded as God in the strict sense of the word. Trinitarianism was just developing around 180. . and 11 document. 300.D. and probably Commodian. as the labels indicate. Cleomenes. D. . but was not a distinct Person in the Godhead. . Therefore.”12 Why was modalism not mentioned or not “dangerous” earlier? As this chapter and chapter 10 document. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. . . the modalists were far more numerous and influential. He is worthy of divine honour.According to Heick. Modalistic Monarchians . and perhaps an early group known as the Alogi. Dynamic Monarchianism Historians distinguish the modalistic monarchian teachers from other teachers they call the dynamic monarchians although. a disciple of Epigonus.168 - . . basic Oneness belief was predominant everywhere in earlier times. . Louis Berkhof described Paul’s views as follows: The Logos was indeed homoouios or consubstantial with the Father. . . Of the two. they rejected the Logos-Christology of trinitarianism as Gnostic. . a disciple of Noetus. may be defined as an effort to provide a theology for the language of devotion. Zephyrinus. He could be identified with God. Artemon of Syria. modalism was the official theory in Rome for almost a generation. but particularly operative in the man Jesus. denied the divinity of Christ. . . 180 and A. Philip Schaff explained the difference: The rationalistic or dynamic Monarchians . He was merely an impersonal power. and no modalistic teachers were singled out for attack. a North African bishop. 7.” and was the most dangerous rival to trinitarianism from 180 to 300. The doctrine that God in toto was incarnate in Jesus . 6. was at one time “embraced by the great majority of all Christians. .13 The following teachers are usually identified as dynamic monarchians: Theodotus of Byzantium.

even by those who are in earnest in their belief in Him. and who fall here into great perplexity. The first class is those who have faith in both God and the Word. .’ I wonder at the stupidity of the general run of Christian in this matter. I do not mince matters. And such an animated Word. any independent hypostasis [personhood]. it is nothing but stupidity. They are afraid that they may be proclaiming two Gods. . which is essential to a consistent Oneness theology. not being a separate entity from the Father. considering that the Word made flesh is the whole Word. “God the Logos is God. so we will not investigate it further. Origen responded to the anti-Christian work of a pagan named Celsus. but it seems that dynamic monarchianism was similar to Unitarianism. accordingly as it. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . if we examine them farther. . Like Tertullian. I do not mean that they confuse its qualities. . nor are they clear about His essence. Origen identified four classes of people who believe in God. perhaps of those who attribute everything to Him and who consider Him to be their Father” (2:3). Either they deny that the Son has a distinct nature of His own besides that of the Father. it is incompatible with modern Oneness. but which John records. God the Word. In arguing against Christianity Celsus described its doctrine of God in modalistic terms. “Now there are many who are sincerely concerned about religion. as in the case of the other titles. and accordingly they do not allow Him. The sources for information about these people are even more meager that the sources for the modalists. Origen acknowledged that some people used John 2:19 to show “that the Son did not differ in number from the Father.—the Word who was in the beginning with God. Evidence from Origen Origen (died 254) of Alexandria was well acquainted with modalistic belief and opposed it vehemently. Such is the great multitude of those who are counted believers” (2:3). For no one can understand how that which is said to be ‘Word’ can be a Son. and make Him whom they call the Son to be God all but the name. he attributed their belief to stupidity. and knowing only Christ after the flesh. Commenting on the last portion of John 1:1. D. they are not consistent. . . the second is those “who know nothing but Jesus Christ and Him crucified. search out what is behind the meaning of the term ‘Word. although he also spoke of scholars who opposed his view. but in his Commentary on John he admitted that most Christians did not agree. but that both were one. . And it is worth our while to fix our attention for a moment on those scholars who omit consideration of most of the great names we have mentioned and regard this as the most important one. and do not. and repeat that Christ alone is the Word of God. having no subsistence. One of the names applied to the Saviour is that which He Himself does not utter.169 - .15 While this suggestion is intriguing. in syllables. and that the Father and the Son were said to be different in some of their aspects but not in their hypostases [persons]” (10:21). is not a Son” (1:23). as it were. “He describes our answer in the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. They imagine the Son of God to be the utterance of the Father deposited. obviously thinking he was accurately characterizing its belief. and their fear drives them into doctrines which are false and wicked. it seems doubtful. Origen wrote. But when they come to the title Logos (Word). He taught that the Word in John 1:1 was a distinct person from the Father.William Chalfant suggested that the dynamic monarchians may have held a form of Oneness belief but their trinitarian opponents misunderstood their emphasis on the true humanity of Jesus. but the fact of His having an essence of His own. . . and in his tract Against Celsus he recorded much of Celsus’s comments about Christianity. not only in point of substance but in point of subject. or they deny the divinity of the Son” (2:2). As it has been described to us by ancient writers. “I am often led to wonder when I consider the things that are said about Christ. at least based on existing evidence (which is admittedly indirect and fragmentary). two of which are significant to our discussion.

but again. Evidently. and who incautiously assert that the Saviour is the Most High God. Commodian Commodian was apparently a North African bishop who wrote around 240. that we might be enabled to hear Him and become acquainted with Him’” (6:69). Novatian have given us descriptions of their doctrine.”16 In On Prayer Origen objected to the prevalent practice of praying directly to Jesus Christ instead of to the Father through the Son. “The Father went into the Son. Origen acknowledged to Celsus that modalistic beliefs were common in Christendom. we do not hold with them” (8:14). although a proselyter usually does not disclose what he considers to be aberrant views within his own ranks. however. we have only brief statements in passing. To the contrary. He would hardly have called them scholars. it is understandable that little primary evidence remains of Oneness concepts even though they were first dominant and later still prevalent in the Old Catholic Age. D.170 - . The most fruitful area available to us for the investigation of Oneness concepts during this time is the teaching of the modalists. evidence from him is secondary. But given the eventual triumph of trinitarianism. “[Some] deny that the Father and the Son are two persons” (8:12). unless the fact of their scholarship was undisputed and well known. both oral and written. This is not to say that nothing of substance was written to teach Oneness concepts. one God everywhere. the living Christ” (42) and “God-Christ” (80). especially when he was trying to disparage their views. He put His own Spirit into a body that resembled ours.following terms: ‘Since God is great and difficult to see. a careful analysis of the existing writings reveals that the majority of believers during much of the Old Catholic Age did not think in trinitarian terms but affirmed the numerical oneness of God and the absolute deity of Jesus Christ. then they end by admitting merely two names. Instructions for the Christian Life speaks of “the almighty God. but his existing works only touch briefly upon the doctrine of God. modalism was so widespread that even its strongest opponents could not successfully push it into obscurity. Although no writings of the leading modalists have survived. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Chapter 10 analyzes the major modalistic teachers to ascertain what they believed and to compare their doctrine to modern Oneness. Origen’s writings show us that many people rejected his teaching in favor of Oneness concepts. In the case of the popular literature. and to a lesser extent. and sent it down to us. they do not wish to deny the divinity of the Saviour. Footnote references: Chapter 9. and one single person. In the case of the Montanists. Origen made this admission to pagans he was trying to convert. and it seems that he had a modalistic concept of God. Oneness Concepts in Popular Belief What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. that in this age Oneness views were expressed in scholarly study and exposition. Tertullian. It is difficult to be more precise in describing these beliefs. It is safe to assume.”18 Conclusions Despite the limitations and uncertainties associated with our study. Hippolytus. If so. then. he was the only modalist from this age to have some of his writings preserved. Apologetic Poem Against Jews and Gentiles calls Christ “God Himself.”17 Commodian also wrote. His Commentary on Titus also describes the belief: “They do not wish to seem to affirm two gods. not a systematic theology. Origen mentioned “scholars” who advanced a Oneness concept of the Word. Commodian is a primary source. we have only secondary sources. “There may be some individuals among the multitudes of believers who are not in entire agreement with us.

1962). Deliberately or through lack of understanding. 9Heick. 14Berkhof. 1963). Gregory Boyd. 4Philip Schaff and Henry Wace. we must attempt to determine their views by reading the works of their opponents. Second. 1963). (Reprint. 1996. Unless otherwise indicated. Since none of the writings of the major teachers of modalism have survived. ser. 1994. a method that presents several difficulties. 149. 1998 Chapter 10 Teachers of Modalism: Praxeas. A. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans. 7:454-58. it appears that in the Old Catholic Age the strongest and clearest Oneness concepts were expressed by teachers whom historians call the modalistic monarchians or modalists. History of Dogma (London: Williams and Norgate. 6Ibid. 1 2 50 Oneness and Trinity. July 5-7. 104.. eds. and paragraph. 78. 105-13. Third. Bernard Printing History: 1992. 1:149. The Philosophy of the Church Fathers (Cambridge. A. 178-79. a century or more after the major modalistic teachers lived. Noetus and Sabellius Pages 143-162 From our discussion to this point. 5Pelikan.D. History. 17Schaff. we must take the doctrinal biases of the opponents into consideration.” The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge. We now turn to an examination of the specific beliefs of the leading modalistic teachers in an attempt to determine how their doctrine compares to modern Oneness. 16Jules Lebreton and Jacques Zeiller. much information was probably lost or garbled in transmission. Wolfson. 1970). all quotations of Nicene and postNicene writings are from this work. 104-5. Samuel Jackson (Grand Rapids: Baker. Mass. and on many points the descriptions probably reflect the views of fourth-century people who opposed trinitarianism in one way or another and were accused of modalism. A History of the Early Church (New York: Collier. or book. Chapter 9 has briefly defined their basic position. D.. 1984). 1976). Mass. the record is scanty. 1:147. 3:51-54. 15:686. 10Pelikan. 1:583-84. In the intervening time. 2d. The Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. Parentheses inside quotes represent parentheses or brackets used by the editors. 12Heick. 3Johannes Quasten. ed. History. 18H. and it is not sufficient to give us definitive information on many points. in some cases we must rely heavily on descriptions written in the fourth century. 13Schaff. 15Chalfant.: Jeffrey Gill.: Newman Press. 14:185. 183-84. Bernard ©1991 David K. Parenthetical numbers after quotes refer to book and chapter. We should also keep in mind the following caveat relative to our two primary sources: What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.” in “Papers presented to the First Occasional Symposium on Aspects of the Oneness Pentecostal Movement” [held at Harvard Divinity School. History of Christian Doctrines. First. 100-300 by David K. 178-79. they may have distorted or misrepresented the views of the modalists. “The Oneness View of the Ante-Nicene Fathers: A Critical Appraisal. 1897).171 - . 1984] (Cambridge. 8“Monarchianism. 4:148. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Patrology (Westminster. 11Adolph Harnack. chapter. 3:98-99. 7“Monarchianism. Md.” Encyclopoedia Britannica (Chicago: William Benton.: Harvard University Press.See Pelikan. 1964). 2:572-73. 2:856.

3:6:4). According to Tertullian’s report. if the truth were known. We. the modalists cited passages such as Isaiah 44:6 and 45:5. Hippolytus was a schismatic and head of a little church in Rome. Perhaps he was a prominent or popular leader whom Tertullian could not successfully attack openly. Although Roman residents familiar with the controversy surely knew whom Tertullian meant. two impassioned controversialists: when they wrote the books upon which we have to rely. so that he was readily received when he arrived there. and the Trinity rationally considered [did not] constitute the truth. References in Against Praxeas 1 and Against All Heresies 8 by Pseudo-Tertullian indicate that Victor. not understanding that. while they take to themselves preeminently the credit of being worshippers of the One God. “They are constantly throwing out against us that we are preachers of two gods and three gods. not a statement of threeness. including Carthage. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Son. the incarnation of Christ Jesus the Son of God.We know of this conflict only through Hippolytus and Tertullian. the “majority of believers” opposed trinitarianism. but the doctrine sprang up again about twenty years later. Praxeas supposedly signed a retraction. “The simple. Praxeas and his followers emphasized God’s oneness and complained that Tertullian and his followers taught two or three gods. supported the teaching of Praxeas.” it is possible that Tertullian used a fictitious name for his opponent. Under pressure. sole government of God)” (3). just as if the Unity itself with irrational deductions did not produce heresy. Zephyrinus. the Roman church already had the basic concept before the time of Praxeas. He must yet be believed in with His own oikonomia [economy. maintain the Monarchy (or. are startled at the dispensation (of the Three in One). the modalists objected to the concept of a plurality of persons and maintained that Father. dispensation]. on the ground that their very rule of faith withdraws them from the world’s plurality of gods to the one only true God. 18. Tertullian tried to explain away this uncomfortable fact by arguing that. although He is the one only God. In Against Heresies Irenaeus quoted the rule of faith as teaching one God the Father. say they. Either the church did not regard this statement as trinitarian at all.1 Praxeas Our information about Praxeas comes from Against Praxeas by Tertullian. possibly the bishop of Rome. probably a confession made at baptism. the majority of believers are always simple and. The numerical order and distribution of the Trinity they assume to be a division of the Unity” (3). Tertullian admitted that most Christians embraced this doctrine and opposed trinitarianism on the ground that it destroyed monotheism. In particular. The doctrine spread everywhere. ignorant. Since the name Praxeas can mean “busybody. who always constitute the majority of believers. In a sarcastic and condescending passage. Against Praxeas reveals that the doctrine existed everywhere: “The tares of Praxeas had then everywhere shaken out their seed” (1). “[They think] that one What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. perhaps Tertullian did not have much hope of success in opposing him directly but felt that he could achieve more by denouncing Praxeas’s doctrine without mentioning the man’s real name. D. If Praxeas was highly regarded in various areas of the empire. and Tertullian was a Montanist. The central tenet of the earliest Christian confession was evidently God’s oneness. perhaps believers in other areas did not. they appealed to the “rule of faith”—a confession of basic doctrine. I will not call them unwise and unlearned. indeed. after all. Praxeas came from Asia Minor to Rome about 190 and taught his doctrine there. bishop of Rome (189-99). which caused Tertullian to write his tract. and the gift of the Holy Spirit (1:10:1. and Spirit were three titles of one God. and stirred up a great controversy. In rejecting trinitarianism. Significantly. Evidently. or else Irenaeus did not truly record the earliest rule of faith. In support of this teaching. a violent opponent of the church of the “psychics” and of the bishop of Rome.172 - .

Praxeas apparently taught that the name of Jesus fully reveals God. . Tertullian quoted many passages of Scripture to show a distinction between the Father and the Son. that is Christ. on the ground that ‘God is a Spirit’ ” (27). so that He who as the Father was invisible before the flesh. understanding the Son to be flesh. in the Post-Apostolic Age Clement of Rome and Ignatius wrote about God’s sufferings in Christ. which comes from Latin words meaning “the Father suffered. “All in one Person. “[Praxeas maintains] that He is invisible as the Father. and visible as the Son” (14). the Father and the Son. it would be a more tolerable assertion than the maintenance of so versatile and changeful a God as yours!” (23). but a voice and sound of the mouth” (7). rather. . “You make Christ to be the Father” (28). “You will not allow [the Word] to be really a substantive being. According to John 4:24. . He stated that he would prefer to believe in two gods than in their kind of God. that the early trinitarians did not believe in the full deity of Jesus Christ. For you will say. the Son. Instead. “They more readily supposed that the Father acted in the Son’s name. why was it not equally abhorrent to think of “God the Son” suffering? In contrast to these trinitarians. but Praxeas denied that the Father died as to His deity. “You insist upon it that the Father Himself is the Spirit. . The point maintained by them [is] that the name of Christ belongs also to the Father” (17). and the Holy Ghost are the very selfsame Person” (2). . it must be the flesh that is the Son of God” (27).173 - . but you What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. “He maintains that there is one only Lord. and so be able (as being constituted second to God the Father. which would indicate that he baptized in the name of Jesus. “He was visible indeed in the flesh. “Very well. It shows. . . say you. See. that is Jesus.’ Therefore.cannot believe in One Only God in any other way than by saying that the Father. “They contend for the identity of the Father and Son and Spirit” (9). that is man. In response to the modalists. God and the Word. He explained that Christ died as to His humanity only—as the Son—but Tertullian refused to listen. D. Since Greek philosophy taught that God was impassible (incapable of suffering). they distinguish two. that is God. Father and Son.) as it was the flesh that was born. “Were we even to maintain that they are two separate gods. He says that the Father Himself came down into the Virgin. to many people this charge sounded quite damaging. but was invisible before His appearance in the flesh. Nay. Praxeas said the Holy Spirit is not a third person. by having a substance of His own. (they argue. “Father” refers to the one God in His invisible divine nature. say they.” Some historians still use this label for modalism. for if it was abhorrent to think of God the Father suffering. Praxeas emphasized the full deity of Jesus Christ and used passages such as John 10:30 and John 14:9-10 to identify Him as the Father incarnate. indeed was Himself Jesus Christ” (1). it was announced by the angel: ‘Therefore that Holy Thing which shall be born of thee shall be called the Son of God. the Father is the Spirit. . Himself suffered. he denied that the Father and the Son were two persons. was Himself born of her. the Lord Almighty. but only after the human. Tertullian’s most famous charge against Praxeas was that his doctrine made the Father suffer and die. as you are so fond of throwing out against us. “God Himself. He denied that the Word was a second person. what is a word. since we on our side affirm our doctrine in precisely the same terms which you use on your side respecting the Son. is the same as the Son who was visible in the flesh” (15). the title refers to the one God’s nature as Spirit. we are not guilty of blasphemy against the Lord God. in such a way that He may be regarded as an objective thing and a person. Likewise. Tertullian wrote. Tertullian’s accusation caused the Praxeans to be labeled Patripassians.) to make two. . for we do not maintain that He died after the divine nature. the Almighty Creator of the world. however. but according to Luke 1:35. and the Father to be spirit. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . in their preaching they declare to be Jesus Christ” (2). in order that out of this doctrine of the unity he may fabricate a heresy. “Son” refers to His manifestation in flesh.

Callistus explained that “Father. therefore this one person. and that He is styled by name Father and Son. .do blaspheme. . . Noetus was from Smyrna in Asia Minor. “For Spirit. but that He died the death of the cross. and that this Person being one. . “Father” and “Son” refer to the same being but in different manifestations. He Himself became His own Son. (and vice versa. which became incarnate in the virgin.) in reference to the events which at their own proper periods happen to them severally” (10:23). (according to Callistus. which was contained in the Son. adding that. Zephyrinus.’ says (Callistus). He supposes this one Logos to be God. In The Refutation of All Heresies Hippolytus acknowledged how widespread the doctrine of Noetus was. what difference would there be between us and them. Noetus. and he founded a theological school in Rome. and Callistus Our information about Noetus comes from Hippolytus. Noetus emphasized the absolute oneness of God and denied that the Father and the Son were two persons. . the Holy Spirit. so called. He yet was justly styled Father. and Spirit” are three titles of one being. which you are for breaking down?” (31). “When indeed. Father and Son. whereas the Spirit. the Father is only His fellow-sufferer” (29). and made it one. “no one is ignorant” of it (9:5). . but substantially not so. raised it to the nature of Deity. For that which is seen. as the Deity.) is divided nominally. the Father had not been born. so that Father and Son must be styled one God.’” (9:8). but that they are one and the same. not another’s” (9:5). “Son” refers to the humanity of Christ. “Noetus asserts that there is one Father and God of the universe. . and affirms that there was in the case of the Word an incarnation” (9:23). And the Noetians suppose that this Father Himself is called Son. Like Praxeas. and when it pleased Him to undergo generation. he says. and that though denominated by a different title. then. Tertullian accused Praxeas of a Jewish concept of God. “For in this manner he thinks to establish the sovereignty of God. “Noetus affirms that the Son and the Father are the same” (9:5). And he maintains that the Father is not one person and the Son another. For the Father. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. cannot be two. or the Logos from the Deity. but one and the same. . saying. this doctrine was able to “prevail” (9:2). . who subsisted in the Son Himself. if there were not this distinction. (this doctrine of yours bears a likeness) to the Jewish faith. Specifically. since it is the Son indeed who suffers. but Himself from Himself. ‘I will not profess belief in two Gods. according to the vicissitude of times” (9:5). he stated that because of the two Roman bishops’ help. which is man. . Callistus excommunicated both Hippolytus and Sabellius. ‘For. to be the Father. Now. . Cleomenes. and the divine Spirit in Christ is actually the Father. Similarly. His followers included Epigonus. he considers to be the Son. Hippolytus bitterly charged the two Roman bishops after Victor Zephyrinus (199-217) and Callistus (217-23)—with promoting the views of Noetus. . Moreover. . Instead. are one and the same (substance). “But. because you allege not only that the Father died. the title “Son” relates to the Incarnation. Son. . and that Himself is Father. alleging that Father and Son. after He had taken unto Himself our flesh. They grant us so far that the Father and the Son are Two. by bringing it into union with Himself. . and Sabellius. having been begotten. the Word. is not different from the Father. And he affirms that the Spirit. not any being different from the Logos. but in one. asserting that the doctrine of the trinity was necessary to separate Judaism from Christianity. and that He made all things. yet that in reality He is one indivisible spirit. Hippolytus reported the position of Noetus on this point while distorting it to make it sound absurd. “Callistus alleges that the Logos Himself is Son. is.174 - . In concluding his polemic. not one individual produced from a different one. D.

Hippolytus’s linking of Callistus with Theodotus is a point in favor of Chalfant’s speculation that Theodotus and the dynamic monarchians were closer to Oneness than history has portrayed them. Isaiah 44:6. explaining that Christ suffered as to His humanity—as the Son. At least two Roman bishops endorsed modalism—Zephyrinus and Callistus and no doubt they considered their position What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.] If therefore I acknowledge Christ to be God. 20:3. It is possible that Noetus held to an unsophisticated form of modalism.” (2). and one way he did so was to accuse him of dishonesty and compromise. but that the Father it is who dwells in Him” (9:23). being Himself God. then. “[They say. for He was the Father Himself” (2). he asked. and it holds that an official doctrinal pronouncement by a pope is infallible. the most that could be said was that the Father suffered with the Son. In recording the statements of Zephyrinus on this subject. The allies of Noetus accused Hippolytus of polytheism. but it is by a figure of speech” (15). but the Son’” (9:6). he says. If Hippolytus misunderstood Callistus’s doctrine of the Son. but it seems more likely that the views of Callistus and Noetus were compatible. “What evil. Noetus explained. “He is disposed (to maintain). who is the only One. that He who was seen in the flesh and was crucified is Son. and consequently the Father suffered. According to Hippolytus’s Refutation. Since the deity (Father) dwelt in the Son. then. considers Zephyrinus to be a pope. . Noetus affirmed the full deity of Jesus Christ and his identity as the Father incarnate. The Father did not die. perhaps he and other trinitarians misunderstood Theodotus as well. and suffered. it is possible that Callistus was guilty of compromise in some way. and that the Father Himself was born. am I doing in glorifying Christ?” (1). that this is God. if He is indeed God” (2). D. Consequently.] ‘I know that there is one God. John 10:30.In Against the Heresy of One Noetus Hippolytus repeated Tertullian’s accusation of Patripassianism. . . He is the Father Himself. ‘Ye are Ditheists’” (9:8). “[Zephyrinus] called us worshippers of two gods” (9:6). “[Zephyrinus said. for Praxeas had earlier given much the same explanation. Ironically. “But some one will say to me. he excommunicated Sabellius and was accused by him of having “transgressed his first faith” (9:7). and the identification of the Son with the humanity of Christ is essential to any consistent form of Oneness. for he does not wish to assert that the Father suffered” (9:8). Zephyrinus and Callistus responded much as Praxeas had. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .175 - . Jesus Christ. “[Callistus] reproach[ed] to us. Romans 9:5. Hippolytus definitely wished to paint the worst possible picture of Callistus. Moreover. 14:9. which is trinitarian. “Callistus contends that the Father suffered along with the Son. At the same time. a dynamic monarchian. some historians divide the modalists into two different categories: those who said the Father suffered (Patripassians) and those who said the Father only suffered with the Son. for according to Hippolytus. Hippolytus reported that Noetus used the following passages of Scripture to support his doctrine: Exodus 3:6. and died” (1). You adduce a thing strange to me. Hippolytus accused Callistus of compromising modalism and combining it with the doctrine of Theodotus. Noetus protested against the trinitarian use of “Son” and “Word” as equivalent in terminology and denied that the Word was a second person. Because of this explanation. When Noetus met with his opponents. nor except Him do I know any other that is begotten and amenable to suffering. “Christ suffered. 45:14. when you call the Son the Word. and who afterward did show Himself. “He alleged that Christ was the Father Himself’ (1). “[Noetus] alleged that Christ was the Father Himself. For John indeed speaks of the Word. “You see. and conversed with men. In Against Noetus. Hippolytus has given us the oldest known doctrinal pronouncement of a Roman bishop. the Roman Catholic Church.

Son. Yet we know less about him than we do about Praxeas and Noetus. There are no distinctions in the divine Being. where Sabellian baptism was pronounced invalid. who nevertheless adhered to a form of modalism also and who excommunicated Hippolytus as well. during the time of Zephyrinus and Callistus. there to abide through all eternity. they are rather three roles or parts played by the one person. On the other hand. but God the divine Unity reveals himself successively in three different modes or forms (onomata. but then used the word “person” in the original sense of the word. still endorsed baptism in the name of Jesus. Holy Spirit in regeneration) and not realize that these roles could be simultaneous as well.to be consistent with all the bishops before their time.3 It is easy to see how trinitarians could have misunderstand his explanation of the progressive revelation of Father. faces].”2 From the descriptions of later writers.176 - . instead of the views of Sabellius himself. Later. God reveals himself as creator. It revealed itself finally as the Holy Spirit. it seems that Sabellius affirmed the same points as the earlier modalists with a possible addition: he may have taught that the manifestations of Father. another Roman bishop. perhaps Callistus expelled both men as a compromise to bring harmony. and Spirit in redemptive history (Father in creation. that he distinguished between the unity of the divine essence and the plurality of its manifestation. If this report is true. which are represented as following one another like the parts of a drama. In other words. as redeemer. The following descriptions summarize what is typically said of Sabellius. it returned by the ascension into the absolute being of the Monad. . as sanctifier. “Sabellius was condemned by a Council held at Rome. who wrote well over one hundred years after his ministry. . and what we know of him is primarily from fourth-century writers such as Athanasius and the Cappadocians. (See chapter 8. D. Pelikan said it is “somewhat dubious” as to whether Sabellius actually taught this point. into the Monad that knows no distinctions. Son and Holy Spirit are simply designations of three different phases under which the one divine essence What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. however. After the prosopon of the Father accomplished its work in the giving of the law.4 It is hard to determine in detail just what he taught. It is perfectly clear. in the Son. In the Father. According to him the names Father. it is difficult to see how anyone could argue that these roles are strictly successive in light of scriptural passages that mention two or more simultaneously. Stephen.) Sabellius `Sabellius was apparently the most prominent modalist teacher. Sometime later. Sabellius indeed sometimes spoke of three divine persons. If so. He apparently preached in Rome about 215. According to Hippolytus. all three are one and the same person. in this respect he does not represent the views of the older modalists or of modern Oneness. These are not three hypostases [persons]. it fell back into its original condition. for in later times the modalists became known as Sabellians and the Nicene and post-Nicene writers referred primarily to him. God is a Unity (Monas). he was excommunicated by Callistus. after securing the perfect sanctification of the Church. or perhaps he objected to some points in the theology of Sabellius. and Spirit were strictly successive and did not occur simultaneously. again at Nicea [325]. and in the Spirit. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . in which it signifies a role of acting or a mode of manifestation. . In many cases it seems that these writers described people in their own time who either called themselves Sabellians or were accused of Sabellianism. probably in 258. Advancing again through the incarnation as Son. to return again. Son. prosopa) [names. and again at Constantinople [381]. Sabellius characterized this process as an expansion and contraction. Sabellius probably came from Libya. Son in redemption.

Athanasius said the Sabellians spoke of “a Son-Father” (huiopater). Sabellius was judged a heretic for saying “that the Same becomes at one time Father. says that the Father and the Son are the same.7 This position indicates that he did not regard Father and Son as strictly successive but as simultaneous after the Incarnation. Significantly. who referred to him briefly.” Moreover. . For he holds that the Father is he who speaks.177 - . ‘the Father is the same. at another His own Son” (3:4). Upper Libya. and thereafter reverts to God on the fulfilling of all things. “The same God. God reveals Himself as the Father in creation and in the giving of the law. not one. we justly proscribe from the Church. The same affirmation he makes also of the Spirit” (7). and now as Holy Ghost” (Letters 210). According to Discourse against the Arians 3:4. He described the Sabellians of his day as follows: “Those who say that the Father and Son and Holy Ghost are the same. now as Son. “It is obvious. Sabellius insisted upon the absolute oneness of God and taught that the Father and Son were not two persons. . Basil gave a similar description of Sabellius’s view. and becomes manifest at the time of the creation. . . who were evidently Sabellians. but is dilated into Son and Spirit’” (4:25).’ . These are different names. he argued that the name described by Acts 4:12 is “Son of God. Sabellius did not equate Logos with Son in terminology but said the Logos was clothed with the Son. . . The contemporary sources that we have for Sabellius are Hippolytus. that the name is one. for He apparently held that Jesus died as the Son but the divine nature incarnate in Jesus—the Father—did not die. Novatian described later modalists. Neither he nor Hippolytus mentioned the questionable doctrine later attributed to Sabellius of successive manifestations by expansion and contraction. . Like the earlier modalists. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . “Sabellius also raves in saying . Basil further explained that according to Sabellius “the name of Son” represents God in “a descent to human interests” (214). they urge. for it is not ‘in the names. as Son in the incarnation. . and as Holy Spirit in regeneration and sanctification.’ but ‘in the name. was metamorphosed as the need of the moment required.6 And like them he denied that the Father died as to His deity. describing him as “one essence” (monoousion) instead of two persons of “same essence” (homoousion) (Statement of Faith 2). Pseudo-Athanasius recorded the doctrine of expansion and contraction in Orations against the Arians. being one in matter. In the same letter Basil argued against the Sabellians that Matthew 28:19 records three names. and that the Son is the Word that abides in the Father.manifests itself. and we Sabellians” (On Synods 2:6). Like the earlier modalists. and spoken of now as Father. D. Novatian’s description sounds much like the earlier accounts of Tertullian and Hippolytus. held with Sabellius. linking the one name of Matthew 28:19 with the name of Jesus in Acts 4:12. exaggerating His honours above What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.” This discussion indicates that the Sabellians probably baptized in the name of Jesus. In his Treatise concerning the Trinity Novatian acknowledged that the modalists were very numerous and used this fact to argue in favor of the deity of Christ. And they were so successful with their opinions that the Son of God was scarcely any longer preached in the churches” (On the Opinion of Dionysius 5). moved by the magnitude and truth of this divinity. . and irreligiously take the Three Names of one and the same Reality and Person.5 Athanasius recorded that when Bishop Dionysius of Alexandria wrote against the Sabellians the doctrine was widespread: “At that date certain of the Bishops in Pentapolis. We must not suppose that here one name is delivered to us. because they suppose the illimitable and impassible Father to be limitable withal and passible through His becoming man: for such are they whom Romans call Patripassians. A Sectional Confession of Faith wrongly attributed to Gregory Thaumaturgus likewise explains: “Sabellius . “Many heretics. and Sabellius said the “Father and Son are the same” (4:2:2). and possibly Novatian.

” The following list identifies the major beliefs that the modalists seem to have shared. although it is contrary to the truth of the Scriptures. Callistus. who would naturally tend to minimize it as much as possible. the trinitarian doctrine of the Son “was scarcely any longer preached in the churches.” • Origen: “the general run of Christian”. as to think that He must be pronounced not the Son. and Christ is God. is still a great and excellent argument for the divinity of Christ. Significantly. but He the Father” (23). The Word (Logos) is not a distinct person but is the Father Himself. . “Father” and “Son” refer to the same being. “many who are sincerely concerned about religion”. who could be inclined to exaggerate. born of God. but the Father Himself” (26). “the great multitude of those who are counted believers”.expression. Callistus. 5. “very many heretics. . . because Christ is God the Son. The absolute oneness of God (a denial of plural persons in the Godhead): Praxeas. • Novatian: “many heretics”. it “prevail[ed]” for a time. Noetus. D. The absolute deity of Jesus (Jesus as the Father incarnate): Praxeas. Zephyrinus. “The material of that heretical error has arisen. Sabellius. Conclusions Our investigation reveals that modalism was the dominant view among average Christians during much of the Old Catholic Age. . 4. They are not willing that He should be the second person after the Father.” • Hippolytus: “no one is ignorant” of the doctrine. Noetus. If the Father and Christ be one God. Callistus. followed by the names of those modalists we have specifically identified as affirming each point. 1. the Son of man. emphasis on the absolute deity of Jesus as the Father incarnate. the following is a brief summary of the evidence. who is so far God. but from the most vehement opponents of modalism. then say they. Sabellius. “some individuals. 2. “Son” refers to the humanity of Christ. that they think that there is no distinction between the Son of God and the Son of man. using Luke 1:35. • Tertullian: “the majority of believers”. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . self-revelation: Praxeas. action. not two persons: Praxeas. If it is asserted that God is one. using passages such as Deuteronomy 6:4 and Galatians 3:20. Christ will be called the Father. particularly referring to His mind. Zephyrinus. Noetus. Callistus. that very many heretics—as we have said—have so accepted Him as God. and identifying the title of “Son” with the Incarnation and the humanity of Christ. except as Son of God. If Christ be not the Father. “scholars”. and Christ is God. Noetus. He noted the following points in their doctrine: emphasis on the oneness of God. “And thus they who say that Jesus Christ is the Father argue as follows:—If God is one.” • Athanasius: “so successful”. . as I judge. 3. Excluding passages in anonymous or pseudonymous literature and references to baptism in the name of Jesus.178 - . since God is one. For they will have it that the self-same that is man. the doctrine was “everywhere. Christ is the Father. to the Incarnation: Praxeas. from this. Noetus. Sabellius. contrary to the Scriptures” (30). this evidence does not come from advocates or promoters of modalism. have dared to announce or to think Him not the Son. . “For thus say they. And this. that man and flesh and that same frail substance may be said to be also the Son of God Himself” (24). appears also as the Son of God. Sabellius. there appear to be two Gods introduced. but God the Father Himself. Sabellius. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Callistus.measure. using passages such as John 10:30 and John 14:9.

Oneness adherents today affirm the nine points listed. Oneness views were prevalent throughout the age and were predominant for much of the time. he affirmed that God is one. James Hastings (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. 8. 7:350. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . First. It is evident that the modalists affirmed the essential tenets of Oneness. ancient and modern. Teachers of Modalism: Praxeas. and they emphasized the Holy Spirit with tongues. 7.. successivemanifestation theory attributed to Sabellius. 1962). Doctrine of the Person of Christ (Edinburgh: T. and that at least Praxeas and Sabellius did so. 8:780.” Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics ed. however. Some cautionary notes are in order. Sabellius. Unlike the other two major writers of this age—Tertullian and Origen—he never wrote against modalism. 3Pelikan. While the basic view of God seems to be fundamentally the same. that many people did so during this age. Noetus. the historical evidence is insufficient to establish with certainty that all the modalists baptized in the name of Jesus. 2:164. not by ancient labels that mean different things to different people and that often prejudice people’s thinking. Callistus. Zephyrinus. modern Oneness does not accept the expansion contraction. 7“Monarchianism. including possibly Sabellius. although a few clues in other references indicate that at least some of them were. In reference to points 1.179 - . 5Berkhof. 2. Jesus is the name by which God is revealed to us (implying baptism in Jesus’ name): Praxeas. Denial of the charge that the Father died as to His deity: Praxeas. Second. Moreover. there is no historical link. Patripassianism. Dorner. the trinitarians of the age denied these points. Sabellius.) Although Tertullian stated that Praxeas opposed the Montanists. It appears that their doctrine requires it. despite the sparseness of existing historical records. and 5. Finally. It is not appropriate to impute to the modern Oneness movement everything that the modalists taught or everything that various historians. 1:150-51. (See chapter 9.8 Third. 1870). it appears that the major modalist teachers were in agreement on the essential points of their doctrine. have attributed to the modalists. he did not rebuke the modalists for lack of spiritual gifts (including tongues). Oneness Pentecostals today should be evaluated by their own clearly expressed and well-documented position. The Father is the Holy Spirit: Praxeas. it is clear that in the Old Catholic Age many people affirmed the two central tenets of Oneness as given in chapter 1. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers. Callistus. ser. 179. we have no record of whether the modalists were baptized with the Holy Spirit. Sabellius. By contrast. 4Heick. He definitely taught points 6 and 9. Although some form of Trinitarianism became dominant toward the end of this age. it is not productive to identify modern Oneness directly with ancient modalism. and that the Word is the mind and revelation of God the Father. 6J. Clark. 2d. It is also interesting to compare these positions with the teachings of Irenaeus. The Father is invisible. as he did the Marcionites in his tract 1 2 What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 8At least some of the Montanists were modalists. In conclusion. A. the Son is visible: Praxeas. or Sabellianism. for anyone who agrees with points 1 and 2 meets the definition of Oneness given in chapter 1. 79. 4:149. From this comparison. and T. D. and Sabellius Lebreton and Zeiller. and the other points follow from the first two.6. since we do not know with certainty everything the various modalists believed. Callistus. 9. Footnotes References Chapter 10. that Jesus is God.

More typically. Some commentators have expressed the opinion that the Church of the apostolic age used the name of the Lord Jesus Christ in baptism. so far as the New Testament bears witness. ‘the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit’ in place thereof. As a matter of historical record such appears to have been the case.com/fdocc3/quotations. according to the Acts and the apostolic Epistles." R 53." i. 1929. interestingly. an eminent commentator. D. the close of the apostolic age (about 100 A. (teach the nations) in my spirit. or since shortly after.com/various_quotes. But. even if they knew it.com/various_quotes.." P 52. (See Chalfant. some Oneness arguments have appealed to textual critical scholarship which denies Jesus ever spoke the words recorded in the Matthew 28:19 account. page 723: (http://www.. 51. it is maintained that the one apostolic formula is 'in the name of Jesus.” Page 13 “Lange’s ‘Commentary of Matthew’ (page 558) quotes Meyer. Peake's Commentary on the Bible.” Page 12 “There is not the least doubt that the baptisms in the Acts (and the Epistles) were in the name of Jesus only.) Pseudo-Athanasius recorded a reference of Sabellius to the spiritual gifts of I Corinthians 12 (Orations against theArians 4:25). and Holy Ghost’ in baptizing anybody. 133. (turn the nations) to Christianity. The command to baptize into the threefold name is a late doctrinal expansion." i. Epiphanius said that Sabellius taught regeneration by the Holy Spirit. Remarkable Bible Discovery (1951) by William Phillips Hall Or ‘The Name’ of God According to the Scriptures Page 11 “As already noted.” What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. neither they nor the Church of the apostolic age ever literally repeated the words ‘Father. "the Church of the first days did not observe this world-wide command.htm) "Generally.D.com/fdocc3/quotations.geocities.' and the account in Matthew was interpreted by the apostles. ‘the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. the Oneness position has been the complete harmonization of the Matthean expression with that of the Jesus' name form. Spirit" we should probably read simply "into my name. In place of the words "baptizing.” in baptism. page 216: (http://www. ever since. Our God Is One Talmadge French.180 - .e.) the Christian Church has used the words. "in my name. while the Church of the apostolic age used in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ in the same rite.godglorified. 135. to be the invocation of the name of Jesus.htm) and (http://www. as follows: ‘No trace is to be found of the employment of these works (the name [titles] of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost) by the Apostolic Church. Son.htm) Matthew 28:19.htm) and (http://www. 1999. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . including Matthew himself.against them (Against Marcion 5:8). and that the Church afterwards substituted the used of the words.geocities.e.godglorified.

‘… baptized’) in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. betrays itself by speaking in the Trinitarian language of the next century. not in the New Testament.’” What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.” “Also noted are other omissions similar to those already shown in the Greek Manuscript readings and in the English versions derived therefrom. but in an uninspired document. however much other truth it may or may not contain. ‘I baptize there (or. and never in one single instance altered so as to bring out more clearly the witness of the first disciples to the Deity of Christ. Seat Of Authority by James Martineau “The very account which tells us that at last. after His resurrection. since idol worshipers believed in many gods and practiced dipping three times in water for cleansing. page 56. and of the Son.” “So far as historical research has shown. Rowe’s History of the Christian People Page 74 “Montanus… It was in this second century that the belief in the Spirit as differentiated from Christ (as a separate person) became the general belief of Christians. D. omissions and substitutions:… the fact of such deletions and omissions has been known to textual critics for many years: … especially in accounts of baptisms and miracles. Purves.D. about the year 200 A. 22 Christianity in the Apostolic Age by Professor Purves “The Oldest Church Manual called ‘The Teaching of the Apostles’ was discovered in the Jerusalem Monastery of the Greek Orthodox Church in Constantinople in 1873. and of the Holy Ghost’) in baptism is found in – ‘The Teaching of the Apostles22’ – written about A. these evangelists found their message was more readily accepted and understood when brought to them in terms similar to those of their own religion. but not from the original apostles or others in writing in the New Testament of the period including.)” Page 94 “Tertullian of Carthage accepted the teaching of Montanus. In the ninth chapter and fifth verse we read: ‘Let no man partake of your Eucharist.181 - .” 54.” Page 27 “It would have been a strange thing indeed if only the Western family of Manuscripts and versions had suffered deletions.. D. says: ‘The first record of their used (that is the used of the words.” S 55.’ is that of tradition. 100. Thus Tertullian’s purpose for introducing this new doctrine was to make it simpler and more acceptable by these pagans. Montanus seems to have been an early advocate of separating the Godhead into three persons (about 156 A. D. the Day of Pentecost. It is interesting to note that ‘the first record’ of the used of the words of the so-call ‘baptismal formula’ of Matthew 28:19 is found.” “It is explained also that. and contiguous to. in his book ‘Christianity in the Apostolic Age’. and the doctrine of a Trinity became prominent.” Page 26 “My unremitting study of Western Manuscripts fro the last 32 years has shown me more than 100 cases in which letters and words in the Western Manuscripts as first written have been altered – always in one direction. He commissioned His disciples to go and baptize among all nation.“And Professor George T. the only authority for the used of the words.D. to take away from the Deity of Christ. D. and coined the word ‘Trinity’ and brought the word ‘Trinity’ into theological use. ‘the name of the Father. descending from uninspired and very remote Page 14 continues sources. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . except those baptized into the name of the Lord.

" 60. 1. The anonymous author of De Rebaptismate in the third century so understood…. ‘That Jesus Is God’ Subject: ‘His Absolute Deity Relative To His Incarnation’ Page 35.htm) and (http://www. Summary of Christian Doctrine23 by Louis Berkhof Page 26 Concerning the Oneness of God in reference to Psalm 147:5 “Great is our Lord. it is not an authentic saying of Jesus. 23 Taken from ‘ALL THE FULLNESS – 1975 by David Campbell Chapter 2. according to a wide scholarly consensus. and dwells at length on the ‘power of the name of Jesus’ invoked upon a man by Baptism. 1992. 24 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. Vol.geocities. Foakes Jackson and Kirsopp Lake 1979 version Pages 335-337.” Berkhof’s comment is: ‘The Great God of the Old Testament is the same Great God of the New Testament. 1996. since.com/fdocc3/quotations. and His name is Jesus (Psalm 147:5 and Titus 2:13). much less the Founder himself. D.com/fdocc3/quotations.com/various_quotes.” 59. not even an elaboration of a Jesus-saying on baptism.7.htm and http://www.” 57.” 56. c1992.” T 58. Willis (Cwillis@ipa.htm) "The historical riddle is not solved by Matthew 28:19. David Noel.182 - . It clearly states: "It is relatively certain that in the early Church one commonly referred to baptism as being done “into the name of the Lord Jesus” or something similar.net) found at website: http://www. and Christian Backgrounds by F. and not the evangelist.godglorified. Smith’s Dictionary of the Bible Volume 1 Page 352 Subject: De Rabaptismate De Rebaptismate 6. The Beginnings of Christianity: The Acts of the Apostles24 Volume 1 Prolegomena 1: ‘‘The Jewish Gentile.and compels us to see in it the ecclesiastical editor. and of great power: his understanding is infinite. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . The Anchor Bible Dictionary. page 585: (http://www. J.geocities. New York: Doubleday.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. The Anchor Bible Dictionary edited by Freedman.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. The Anchor Bible Dictionary is a landmark work of scholarly thought.apostolic.

According to Catholic teaching. few points in the problem of the Gospels are so clear as the improbability of this teaching. a little later in the narrative we find several references to baptism in water in the name of the Lord Jesus as part of recognized (Early) Christian practice. and Eusebius habitually. is found in any extant manuscripts. But it is unnecessary to discuss this point at length. the evidence of the Didache is ambiguous. and make disciples of all Gentiles (nations). Thus we are faced by the problem of a Christian rite. but assumed to be a universal (and original) practice. The problem is whether it can in this (Trinitarian) form be traced back to Jesus. nor any mention of the institution of (Catholic Trinitarian) Christian baptism. and it is indisputable in the second century. and if not what light is thrown upon its history by the analysis of the synoptic Gospels and Acts. by them. as Acts says that they did. and by them only. No other text. so that transcriptional evidence" is certainly on the side of the text omitting baptism. or sacraments. "1. though not invariably. Would they have baptized. Nevertheless. or the third Gospel. the Son. Lake raises the probability that the apocryphal Didache or the early Catholic Church Manual may have also been edited or changed to promote the later Trinitarian doctrine. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . The Didache has an astonishing contradiction that is found in it. while the less usual formula had a chance of escaping notice when it was only used incidentally. Q."There is little doubt as to the sacramental nature of baptism by the middle of the first century in the circles represented by the Pauline Epistles." No one acquainted with the facts of textual history and patristic evidence can doubt the tendency would have been to replace the Eusebian text (In My Name) by the ecclesiastical (Catholic Trinitarian) formula of baptism. (traditional Trinitarian) baptism was instituted by Jesus. quotes it in another form. baptizing them in the name of the Father. were always the institution of the Lord of the cult. did not find it in his text of the Gospels. Hermas seems to be unacquainted with it. though he used the trine formula. Mysteries. in the name of the Lord Jesus if the Lord himself had commanded them to use the (Catholic Trinitarian) formula of the Church? On every point the evidence of Acts is convincing proof that the (Catholic) tradition embodied in Matthew 28:19 is a late (non-Scriptural Creed) and unhistorical. It is obvious that in the case of an eleventh-century manuscript *the trine formula was almost certain to be inserted in the description of baptism. Nevertheless. It is easy to see how necessary this was for the belief in sacramental regeneration. That it was so is confirmed by the Epistles. In the actual description of baptism in the Didache the trine (Trinity) formula is used. D. The reason for this assertion is the absence of any mention of Christian baptism in Mark. not directly ascribed to Jesus.183 - . It is a historical fact that the Catholic Church at one time baptized its converts in the name of Jesus but later changed to Trinity baptism. indeed. in the instructions for the Eucharist (communion) the condition for admission is baptism in the name of the Lord. were its supernatural benefits obtained by the faithful. but the facts of importance are all contained in Acts. but it is arguable that Justin Martyr. Professor Lake makes an astonishing discovery in the so-called Teaching or Didache. because even if the ordinary (modern Trinity) text of Matthew 28:19 be sound it cannot represent historical fact. if evidence counts for anything." It is not even certain whether this verse ought to be regarded as part of the genuine text of Matthew." 61. in any language. which is Jesus the other famous passage teaches a Trinitarian Baptism. and the Holy Spirit." Also in the same book on page 336 in the footnote number one. "Go ye into all the world and make disciples of all the Gentiles in My Name. Neither in the third gospel nor in Acts is there any reference to the (Catholic Trinitarian) Matthaean tradition. and Paul seem to confirm the statement. The Bible Almanac (1980) What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. One passage refers to the necessity of baptism in the name of the Lord. and the suspicious nature of the account of its institution in Matthew 28:19: "Go ye into all the world.

Gal. Thomas. hold also that such baptism would be valid.htm and http://www. St.’” The above reference is also found at: http://www. “They were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.net) found at website: http://www.htm 28 Water Baptism according to the Bible and Historical Reference at: http://www.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.184 - .com/fdocc3/quotations. 3:27). 65.org/tracts/baptism.thunderministries. The Catholic Encyclopedia (1911)26 There has been a Theological controversy over the question as to whether baptism in the name of Christ only was ever held valid. St. and above all we have the explicit command of the Prince of the Apostles. The Catholic Encyclopedia (1913) Volume 2 Page 365 Here the Catholic acknowledges that baptism was changed by the Catholic Church.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.geocities. “Be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ. Bonaventure. Certain texts in the New Testament have given rise to this difficulty.net) found at website: http://www. we read that St.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. and of the Son. Peter ordered others to be baptized “in the name of Jesus Christ”.” In Acts x. St. Peake makes it clear that: “The command to baptize into the threefold name is a late doctrinal expansion. Victor. as Peter Lombard and Hugh of St.htm and http://www. 62. Owing to these texts some theologians have held that the Apostles baptized in the name of Christ only. The authority of Pope Stephen 1 has been alleged or the validity of baptism given in the name of Christ only. Other writers.Page 540 –541 The Early Church Under Christian Baptism: The early Christians were baptized in Jesus name following Jesus example (cf.apostolic. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. and of the Holy Ghost we should probably read simply – ‘into my name. Paul (Acts xix) commands some disciples at Ephesus to be baptized in Christ’s name.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Mark 1:10. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Eusebius being cited as the authority. The Bible Commentary by Dr. 63. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. D.html 27 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D.com/fdocc3/quotations. for the remission of your sins” (Acts ii). At Matthew 28:19 the phrase ‘en tO onomati mou’ (‘in my name’) is given as an alternative reading. Peake (1919)25 Page 723 Dr. The British and Foreign Bible Society published in 1960 a Greek Testament. Instead of the words baptizing them in the name of the Father.htm 26 References To The Triad Dogma by Catholic Scholars found at: http://www.geocities. they declaring that the Apostles so acted by special dispensation.apostolic. 66.apostolic-voice. and Albertus Magnus are invoked as authorities for this opinion.htm 64.apostolic.com/history/triad/triref. The Catholic Encyclopedia (1975)27 Volume 2 Page 263 also page 43528 25 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D.

The only explanation of this silence. Ph. Son. Jesus. Son and Holy Ghost’ we have the Trinitarian formula… which was associated with Christian Baptism in the second century as evidenced in ‘The Didache. and Holy Spirit by the Catholic Church in the second century. In ‘Father. and the Holy Ghost’.Here the authors acknowledged that the baptismal formula was changed by their church (from Jesus name to the used of the Trinity formula). 28:19 the comment reads: “One would expect this name to be that of Jesus and it is surprising to find the text continuing with ‘the Father. "Is it possible to reconcile these facts with the belief that Christ commanded his disciples to baptize in the trine form? Had Christ given such a command." 69. The Clarified New Testament published by S.htm 30 Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge = S. D. it is urged.htm 68. Chapter 7. 67. Which are no names at all." Also we find. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. according to the anti-traditional view.185 - .” 70.net) found at website: http://www.C.com/fdocc3/quotations. Chapter 2 God: The Biggest Mystery of Them All Page 28 Section: 1+1+1=1? “Christians31 tend to believe that God is composed of three entities: God the Father. C.apostolic. (1923)29 New Testament Studies Number 5 The Lord's Command To Baptize An Historical Critical Investigation.htm and http://www. Christians believe that God sent His son. Paul. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. and we should have some trace of this obedience in the New Testament. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . "The passages in Acts and the Letters of St. These passages seem to point to the earliest form as baptism in the name of the Lord.P. No such trace can be found. 31 Trinity believers not Oneness believers. the Apostolic Church would have followed him. God the Son. God the Father is the Great Creator and the God of the Old Testament.D.K. 29 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D.P. and God the Holy Spirit. By Bernard Henry Cuneo page 27. is this the short christological (Jesus Name) formula was (the) original. The suspicion that this is not what Matthew originally wrote naturally arises. and that Jesus was one and the same as God the Father.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.30 (1964) Volume One At Matt.K. Ryan. The Complete IDIOT’S Guide To Biblical Mysteries Copyright © 2000 by Donald P. and the longer trine formula was a later development.C.geocities. to Earth for various theological reasons. D. The Catholic University of America in Washington.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.apostolic. and the Son. The Catholic Encyclopedia Volume 2 Page 263 “The baptismal formula was changed from the name of Jesus Christ to the words Father.” The above reference is also found at: http://www.

’” The above can also be found at: http://www. whereas others saw him as literally the son.” Page 29 Revelations: “Both Jews and Muslims32 have a difficult time with the Trinity. Judaism and Islam are strictly monotheistic. Willis (Cwillis@ipa.htm (This is the Table of Contexts) www. Edited by Walter A. 3 of which being: 1. D. According to this eyewitness of an unaltered Book of Matthew that could have been the original book or the first copy of the original of Matthew. Though he signed the creed at the Council of Nicea.) by Eusebius33 as translated by W. A special meeting was held in A. he later became a key leader in the reaction against it. 32 Also true Oneness Believers don’t accept the theory of a Trinity of persons but do accept that God shows Himself in modes or manifestations. and they see this concept of God being three as sufficiently confusing to be suggestive of polytheism. On Internet at: www.The Holy Spirit is seen as yet another manifestation of God that can work through humans in special ways.D. Elwell Ph.com/elder_ashe/One1. bishop of Nicodedia and later patriarch of Constantinople. Some thought that Jesus was just a special man sent by God.D.” Section: Meet Me in Nicaea “When the early Christian Church was developing. As a young man Eusebius had studied with Arius. and was present at the first Council of Nicea: On page 152 Eusebius quotes the early book of Matthew that he had in his library in Caesarea.intratext. or offspring. The Demonstration Evangelica (312 A.com/ChurchHistory/0312_eusebius_proof.html for a good Bible Study entitled: ‘Who is this Jesus we love and serve’. Father 2. on subject of ‘Semi-Arianism’ Page 1000 ‘SemiArians also came to be called ‘Eusebians’ after Eusebius.D.D.com/X/ENG0882.apostolic.” 34 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. and it is a difficult concept to grasp. J. Also go to www.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 33 Evangelical Dictionary of Theology.html also at: http://www.intratext.intratext. This idea of God as three entities in one is known as the Trinity. and make disciples of all nations IN MY NAME. there were great debates regarding who Jesus was and what his relationship might be to God.geocities. See my paper ‘My Statement of the Godhead’ for more detail.geocities. Son and 3. 325 at Nicaea in what is now Turkey. Which being God He can quite well do all three or even more at the same time.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.” 71.186 - .HTM 72.com/IXT/ENG0882/_PY. Ferrar (1920)34 Eusebius was the Church historian and Bishop of Caesarea in and around 325 A.htm and http://www. basic beliefs of Christianity were laid down and the Trinity concept was officially endorsed. Holy Spirit. teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .com/IXT/ENG0882/_PY.net) found at website: http://www.htm (Actual page of information below) Volume 2 Book 3 Chapter 6 Page 152 Eusebius informs us of Jesus' actual words to his disciples in the original text of Matthew 28:19: ‘ With one word and voice He said to His disciples: ‘Go. There the official.preteristarchive.com/fdocc3/quotations. of God.

. 19:5. does not appear to have been employed by the primitive Church.net) found at website: http://www. The term Trias was FIRST USED BY THEOPHILUS OF ANTIOCH (ca. 10:48.geocities.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. .” 76. The Dictionary of the Bible. Not: No one was baptized using this formula. you were justified IN THE NAME OF THE LORD JESUS CHRIST and in the Spirit of our God.htm) and (http://www. 1:13.htm and http://www. it must be assumed that the text has been transmitted in form expanded by the (Catholic) church. 15). At the very least. 1947.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.v. which is here enjoined. The Doctrine of Baptism by Edmund Schlink35 Page 28 “The baptismal command in its Matthew 28:19 from cannot be the historical origin of Christian baptism. (OR BAPTIZED). 74. ACTUALLY THE TERMS DO NOT APPEAR IN THE BIBLE.The Dictionary of the Bible (1963) Edited by James Hastings Pg 88 BAPTISM In order to rediscover the earliest statements on Christian baptism we must turn to Paul . It must be acknowledged that the formula of the threefold name. . baptized 'in' or 'into the name of Jesus' (or 'Jesus Christ' or Lord Jesus': Acts 2:38. 8:16.com/fdocc3/quotations. But the authenticity of this passage has been challenged on historical as well as on textual grounds. Pg 899 "The Trinity of persons within the unity of nature is defined in terms of persons and nature which are GREEK PHILOSOPHICAL TERMS. 1 Cor. you were sanctified. Pg 1015 TRINITY. .godglorified.com/fdocc3/quotations. . 28:19. . . Trinitarians do not know the name of the one spirit (God) 73.com/various_quotes. THE: The Christian doctrine of God (q. .J. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .geocities. The Volume 27 35 Encyclopedia Americana (1956) From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. The Trinitarian definitions arose as the result of long controversies in which these terms and others such as essence and substance were erroneously applied to God by some theologians.htm)\ "It has been customary to trace the institution of the practice (of baptism) to the words of Christ recorded in Matthew 28:19. 6:11: " But you were washed." The primitive church baptized “IN” AND "INTO" the name of "JESUS". page 83: (http://www. every one in the Bible was rather baptized in the name of Jesus Christ. AD 180). so far as our information goes. Willis (Cwillis@ipa.) as existing in three Persons and one Substance IS NOT DEMONSTRABLE BY LOGIC OR BY SCRIPTURAL PROOFS . . NOT FOUND IN SCRIPTURE . The chief Trinitarian text in the New Testament is the baptismal formula in Mt. The Dictionary of the Bible (1965) By John L. 75.apostolic. McKenzie S.187 - . 1 Cor. which. D.

Pg 294L “ Christianity derived from Judaism was (and still is) strictly Unitarian 36 (Oneness believing that God is only one). In the West trine immersion was generally held to be symbolic of the triune name of 'Father. before which date their fathers often speak of baptism into the death of Christ as the one essential. declared it to be valid.” “In Armenian writing this interpretation is further associated with the idea of baptism into the death of Christ. Son and Holy Ghost. In baptism the rubric ordains that the baptized be plunged three times in the font in commemoration of the entombment during three days of the Lord. The Encyclopaedia Britannica 11th Edition (1910) Volume 3 Page 82 “Everywhere in the oldest sources it states that baptism took place in the name of Jesus Christ.D." 78. ‘Pope Nicholas. as the old saying goes. an African monk (in Gennad.” Page 365 Column 2 Point #5 Subject: BAPTISM The Baptismal Formula: “The trinitarian formula and trine immersion were not uniformly used from the beginning. allow baptism to be valid tantum in nomine Christi.). nor did they always go together. the synod of Nemours (A. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . as in the Acts. “Ursinus. 1284). Fourth century Trinitarianism did not reflect accurately early (Original Apostolic) Christian teaching regarding the nature of God. In the 3rd century baptism in the name of Christ was still so widespread that Pope Stephen I. in the Respinsa ad consulta Burgarorun. but on the next page speaks of those who have been baptism into the name of the Lord the normal formula of the New Testament. Mind you that there are still some who are actually Oneness and/or Apostolic so just.” 36 Many of those who call themselves ‘Unitarian’ today are not Oneness nor Apostolic so be careful if you come across any of those who proclaim to be ‘Unitarian’. which the church had adopted from its pagan medium." 77.188 - . The Encyclopaedia Britannica 11th Edition (1910) Volume 2 Page 570 Column 2 Subject: ARMENIAN CHURCH “A few other peculiarities of Armenian church usage or belief deserve to be noticed. however (858 – 867).” Column 1 continued “Trine immersion then… invented to explain an existing custom. also asserted that baptism into the name of Christ alone was valid. and deviation from this teaching.” Page 366 Column 1. for pagan lustrations were normally threefold. lxxxv. This name the Armenians have used at least since the year 700 AD. D.) Hilary (de Synodis. ‘Look before you leap. indeed prescribes baptism in the name of Father. Son and Holy Ghost'. Eccl. de Scr. As late as about 1300 AD a traveler hostile to the Armenians reported to the pope that he had witnessed baptisms without any trinitarian invocation in as many as three hundred parish churches. it was on the contrary. The Teaching of the Apostles. Xxviii.” What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. in opposition to Cyprian of Carthage.

The Encyclopaedia Britannica 11th Edition (1910) Volume 26 Subject: THEOLOGY Page 774 Column 2 The "Rule of Faith": ”The ‘Rule of Faith’ (Irenaeus. peculiar. The apostolic age supplied this identification. more. Son and Holy Ghost by the Catholic Church in the Second Century. who used the exact expression. these men helped to develop and write these ‘Rules of Faith’) which is that summary of religiously important facts which was meant to ward off error without reliance on speculations such as the Logos doctrine.” “As a rule the repentant underwent baptism in the name of Christ Jesus. or ‘of the Lord Jesus Christ. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Xxviii. Nay. for those who were so blessed as to be acquainted with it. cf. “The baptismal formula in Matt. 19 is however.’ Paul explains these formulas as being equivalent to ‘into the death of Christ Jesus. according to the well-known principle in sacris simulata pro veris accipi.189 - . and in view of its non-occurrence in the Acts and Epistles of the New Testament must be regarded as probably an addition. Tertullian. and immortal as Christ was immortal.” Column 2 Point #13 Origin Of Christian Baptism: “We gather from Acts xix. D. making him a limb or member of Christ’s body.4. without identifying him with Jesus of Nazareth. 19. it imported that personality into him. and the normal use during it seems to have been ‘into Christ Jesus’ or ‘in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. There are traces in the New Testament of baptismal confession simply of the name of Christ (1 Cor. GOSPEL OF ST. whatever power and influence its owner wielded in heaven or on earth or under the earth. 185]. The Encyclopaedia Britannica 11th Edition (1910) Volume 17 Page 897 Column 2 Subject: MATTHEW. 2. 13. Rom. Page 368 Column 1 Point #12 Use of the Name: “For a name carried with it.” 79.’ as if the faithful were in the rite raised from death into everlasting life. A vow or prayer formulated in or through a certain name was fraught with the prestige of him whose name it was” “Baptism then in the name or through the name or into the name of Christ placed the believer under the influence and tutelage of Christ’s personality. i. The likeness of the baptismal ceremony with Christ’s death and resurrection ensured a real union with him of the believer who underwent the ceremony. even the late verse Acts viii.’ or ‘of Jesus Christ’ simply. and washed away their sins before hands were laid upon them unto reception of the Spirit. 15.The baptismal formula was changed from the name of Jesus Christ to the words Father. vi.” 80. This 'Rule of Faith' built itself up along the lines of the baptismal formula of Matt. and Origen [one of the most eminent of Greek fathers c. that John had merely baptized in the name of the coming Messiah. xxviii. 37) not of the threefold What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.

If it were undisputed. 19.com/Conybeare. August 1993. and the use of another (JESUS NAME) formula in Acts and Paul. and the triune formula is a later addition. Conybeare." “Out of the ‘Rule of Faith’ there came in time what tradition miscalls the ‘Apostles Creed’ – the Roman baptismal creed.” 81. prints Mt 28. be decisive but its trustworthiness is impugned on grounds of textual criticism.geocities. it is strange how completely this seemingly isolated passage takes command of the development of early theology. literary criticism and historical criticism. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .net) found at website: http://www.geocities.com/fdocc3/quotations. xxviii. or some similar phrase.htm and published in the PENTECOSTAL HERALD. from Oxford Taken and Pursued From the Preliminary Effort Found in: http://www.com/fdocc3/quotations. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.godglorified. 20 (with the trinitarian formula): (19) πορευθεντες TSA ουν μαθητευσατε παντα τα εθνη βαπτιζοντες αυτους εις το ονομα του πατρος και του υιου και του αγιου πνευματος (20) διδασκοντες αυτους τηρειν παντα οσα ενετειλαμην υμιν και ιδου εγω μεθ υμων ειμι πασας τας ημερας εως της συντελειας του αιωνος TSB αμην [(19) Go ye therefore. it says: “It is the central piece of evidence for the traditional (Trinitarian) view. and was perhaps still used by Hermas.com/various_quotes. pages 275-288 By Frederick C. and 37 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.” “Thus if Harnack is right by calling this change of leaving Scriptural truths and instead using a New Testament canon (a paper or document written to state what someone thinks is the truth of a particular passage or subject of the Bible. Moreover.apostolic.” Volume 238 Page 389 “The earliest known formula is in the name of the’ Lord Jesus. (1951) As to Matthew 28:19. of course. textual criticism points to an early type of reading in Matt. The Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics37 by James Hastings..htm Tischendorf in his eighth edition of the Greek N.htm) and (http://www. ed. but by the time of Justin Martyr the trine formula had become general. and is excepted by the ‘Church’ as full truth – most are not kept within the true meaning and frame work of the Word Of God) as one that no longer is ‘scriptural faith’ (established by God Himself) the starting – point but rather the ‘Rule of Faith’ (a paper written by carnal man) is. but there is not much decisive contemporary evidence” 82.godglorified.com/water. 19 without the threefold formula.name. Still.190 - .htm) As found in: Zeitschrift fur die Neutestamentliche Wissenschaft (Edited by Dr.htm 38 THE SIGNIFICANCED OF WATER BAPTISM found at: http://apostolicpentecostaloneness.htm and http://www. is that this other formula was the earlier. D.faithweb. Erwin Preuschen in Darmstadt) 1901. The Eusebian Form of the Text of Matthew 28:19 (http://www. Willis (Cwillis@ipa.T.” It goes on to say: “The obvious explanation of the silence of the New Testament on the triune name. New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons. It is possible that the older formula survived in isolated communities. this if found in the Acts. this would.

l. Bouletai gar k. A. le Père.6): plhn alla prwtouV touV apo tou Israhl kalei. In Ps 94. Ps 76. epijerei tw despozonti en th dunasteia autou tou aiwnoV nohseiV de kai touto autou legontoV akouwn tou swthroV Edoqh moi pasa exousia en ouranw kai epi thV ghV poreuonteV maqhteusate panta ta eqnh en tw onomati mou. legwn Ouk hlqon ei mh eiV ta probata ta apolwlota oiokou Israhl (Mt." The following testimonia from works of Eusebius imply another form of text: [Note: Many of the following passages are given in Greek in the original with few comments in English. 720: yilh gar jwnh toiV autou maqhtaiV eipwn Deute akolouqeite moi kai poihsw umaV alieiV anqrwpwn. col. 28. I am with you always. Comment. Le germe do dogme de la Trinité est ainsi déposé dans un coin de la page sacrée.] His apparatus criticus suggest that verse 19 stands in all patristic quotations in the form given above.191 - .6). Ibid.10:5. col. le Saint-Esprit. 1.. 3. dunamei to ergon epoiei kai palin enteilamenoV autoiV kai eipwn poreuqenteV maqhteusate panta ta eqnh en tw onomati mou. Plummer in Hastings' Dictionary of the Bible (Art. though it may be remarked that in the oldest Syriac MS the folio which contained the end of Matthew has disappeared. et deviendra fécond. 28. In Ps 65. Eita met ekeinouV prosetatte toiV eautou maqetaiV euaggelizesqai panta ta eqnh en tw onomati autou. le Fils. the received text. col. with no exception. - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Amen. 19 is in all authorities without exception. and of the Holy Ghost: (20) Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and. 24 and Mt 10. D. thn eiV panta ta eqnh poreian steilamenoi. In all MSS and versions the passage is so read. 20. baptizing them in the name of the Father. Here I present the long Greek paragraphs in unaccented Greek. upo thV autou dunamewV empneusqenteV. X writes of this text as follows: "La formule du baptême s'est élargie et comprend sous une forme assez syncrétique les trois mots sacramentels de la théologie du temps. 416: outoi (sc. Ibid. col. In Ps 67.15:24) kai toiV apostoloiV de autou prwtoiV autoiV khrussein to euaggelion parhnei jaskwn XiV odon eqnwn mh apelqhte. 6. 653: sjodra de akolouqwV eipwn Ekei eujranqhsometa en autw. Migne Vol. p. 5. kai eiV polin Samareitwn mh eiselqhte poreuesqe de mallon proV ta probata ta apolwlota oikou Israhl (Mt. 252) writes: "The baptismal formula in Mt. 900: opqV de en th qalassh h odoV autou gegone kai ai triboi autou en udasi polloiV kai wV ta icnh autou ou gignsketai. on Baptism. dihlqon kai ta barbara jula kai thn oikoumenhn dieddramon sumpasan 3. apostoloi) prostacqenteV up autou tou swthroV maqhteusai panta ta eqnh. col. lo. Thus Dr. Ergw thn dunamiV edeiknu kai auqoiV eipwn Dei khrucqhnai to euaggelion thV basileiaV 5. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . for the accurate accents go to the PDF at the top of the page (I used the Symbol font found in my Word processor)].teach all nations. and of the Son. 569 (where Eusebius also quotes Mt 15. 31-36. unto the end of the world." And Renan in his work Les Evangiles ch. Dio kata men ton Akulan eirhtai tw exousiazonti en th dunasteia autou di aiwnoV 4. 1222: poreuqenteV maqhteusate panta ta eqnh. in Psal. 23. 2. t. eish episthsaV th proV touV maqhtaV epaggelia autou jhsash poreuqenteV maqhteusate panta ta eqnh en tw onomati mou kai idou egw meq umwn pasaV taV hmeraV ewV thV sunteleiaV tou kosmou 6. Others besides Tischendorf have assumed that the patristic citations of Mt.. Ed. col.19 endorse.

6. III. jhsaV kat orqwsin en tw onomati mou.p. teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you.. where our Lord and Saviour for the most part lived and taught.192 - .. Ou gar dh aplwV kai adioristwV maqhteusai panta ta eqnh prosetatte. t.. III. 8 (where also quotes Is. ou tetolmhke de eni de rhmati kai mia jwnh jhsaV proV touV eautou maqhtaV Poreuqentes maqhteusate panta ta eqnh en tw onomati mou. but whatsoever He Himself had commanded: that is to say.14): O de swthr kai kurioV hmwn ouk enenohse men. 240.tertullian. 131 D (which recurs in the Syriac Theophany. and going through all the nations? For it is plain that it was in Jerusalem and Mount Sion adjacent thereto. and make disciples of all the nations. wV janai ton apostolon oti dh Ecarisato autw o QeoV to onoma to uper pan onoma. jhsaV Poreuqentes maqhteusate panta ta eqnh. miaV prosqhkh lexewV autoiV o didaskaloV lusin twn aporhqentwn upeqeto. Evang. and make disciples of all the nations in My Name. didaskonteV autouV Threin panta osa eneteilamhn umin.org/eusebius_de_03_book1.htm] 10. said to His disciples after His Resurrection: "Go and make disciples of all the nations. col.4) all h o euaggelikoV logoV o dia tou swthroV hmwn Ihsou tou Cristou kai twn apostolwn autou ek thV Siwn proelhluqwV kai dielqwn panta ta eqnh.htm] 9. all osa autoV eneteilato." and He joined the effect to His Word] 11. see how truly He speaks with the voice of God. touq hmin estai dunaton. Demonstr. in Isaiam.'' For He did not bid them to teach the laws of Moses to all nations. p. 233. whatsoever I have commanded you. Evang." What could He mean but the teaching and discipline of the new covenant?] [8 and 9 can be found Online at: http://www. our Lord and Saviour.2:3. 213: poreuqenteV maqhteusate panta ta eqnh en tw onomati mou. Comment.. l. Tauta h jhkantwn an kata to eikoV h dianohqentwn twn tou Ihsou maqhtwn. see Nr. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . EikotwV. 18.. Evang.I. col. Epeidh gar h dunamiV thV autou proshgoriaV tosauth tiV en. p. saying in these very words to those What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.Evang.5: eikwtos o swthr kai kurioV hmwn IhsouV o uioV tou qeou meta thn ek nekrwnanastasin toiV autou maqetaiV Poreuqentes maqhteusate panta ta eqnh epi legei didaskonteV autouV threin panta osa eneteilamhn umin Ou gar ta MwusewV nomima didaskein panta ta eqnh parekeleusato. meta prosqhkhV de anagkaiaV thV en tw onomati mou. toiV autou maqhtaiV ejhse Poreuqentes maqhteusate panta ta eqnh en tw onomati mou [who conceived nothing human or mortal.2:3. P. Tauta d hn ta en toiV euaggelioiV autou jeromena [of course. prodhlon gar wV apo thV Ierousalhm kai tou tauth prosparakeimenou Siwn orouV. o thV kainhV diaqhkhV autou arxamenoV taiV autou jwnaiV. D. all h ta thV kainhV diaqhkhV maqhmata te kai paideumata [For out of Sion shall go forth a law… (Is. ina en tw onomati Ihsou pan gonu kamyh epouraniwn kai epigeiwn kai katacqoniwn.2:3.7. I.4) what can it be but the word of the Gospel. G. ergon ephge tw logw [With one word and voice He said to His disciples: "Go. Demonstr. Tina de tauta hn.3. 8. tom. 4. aV proV touV autou maqhtaV pepoihto.. according to the commands which He gave his disciples when He said: "Go ye. "going forth from Sion" through our Saviour Jesus Christ. whatsoever I have commanded you. Poreuomenoi de jhsi koujoi ginesqe k. (Is. Jesus the Son of God. 136: o de mhden qnhton kai anqrwpinon dianohqeiV ora ei mh wV alhqwV qeou palin prohkato jwnhn autolezei jhsaV toiV eutelestatoiV ekeinoiV autou maqhtaiV Poreuqentes maqhteusate panta ta eqnh kai pwV eipon an oi maqhtai tw didaskalw pantwV pou apokrinamenoi. didaskonteV autouV Threin panta osa eneteilamhn umin. Demonstr.'' and added: "Teaching them to observe all things. 24.4): TiV d ah eih o ek Siwn proeklhluqwV nomoV. col. teaching them to observe all things. thV touV pollouV lanqanoushV en tw onomati autou dunamewV thn arethn emjainwn. Demonstr. 6. the contents of the Gospels] [Online at: eusebius_de_03_book1. that the law of the new covenant began and from thence went forth and shone upon all. p.

D." And when He said this He appended a promise. by a power more divine. 20 is cited three times in the fifth book of the Theophania of Eusebius. Lee Theoph. egnwmen kai katedexameqa [And He bids His own disciples after their rejection. Mt. again this also occurs in the Syriac Theophania v. but with the necessary addition of "In my Name. by the addition of one phrase. These things then (scil. "Go ye and make disciples of all the peoples.D."] [10. and search for their cause.) his disciples of our Saviour would either have said or thought. and teach ye them every thing which I have commanded you. 11. that would ensure their courage and readiness to devote themselves to carrying out His commands. as follows (cp. that the apostle says: "God has given him a name which is above every name." the disciples might reasonably have answered the Master. and make disciples of all nations in my Name.org/eusebius_de_05_book3. the sum of them he committed to them What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.. How can we do this? How preach to the Romans etc." 15. even unto the end of the world. so by a single addition of a word. col. 138 (Here is what.disciples of His.tertullian.193 - . 298): "He (the Saviour) in one single word and in one single oracle." For He did not bid them simply and indefinitely make disciples of all nations. p.'' So. and make disciples of all the nations. then." "But how. saying. or thinking thus. Iudaeorum): Kai toiV ge autou maqetaiV meta thn ekeinwn (sc. Kai idou egw meq umwn eimi pasaV taV emeraV ewV thV sunteleiaV tou aiwnoV [I am irresistibly forced to retrace my steps. Outw dhta hmeiV men ta eqnh ton proanajwnhqenta kai proV tou patroV apestalmenon projhthn. Go ye and make disciples of all peoples in my name. And forthwith (lit.htm]] 13. 46: "But he who used nothing human or mortal.. said to his disciples. Demonstr.org/eusebius_de_11_book9. IX. published and translated by Dr. 7. p. but unwritten was by his command sown among all peoples. of things in heaven. 28. 693. 445 (where is inserted an explanatory sc. in the word which he spake to his disciples. and by the co-operation of Him Who said to them: "Make disciples of all the nations in my Name.. (=11). 411. 244. 17. "Go ye and make disciples of all nations in my name. and things in earth. But the law was not in a book of the Saviour. the weak ones.htm] 14. For He said to them: "And lo! I am with you all the days. saying they should triumph "In MY NAME. we that are the Gentiles know and receive the prophet that was foretold…] [Online at: http://www. 19. the poorest of the poor: "Go forth. 11 and 12 can be found Online at: http://www. "can we do it?… "By what power shall we ever survive our daring attempt?"… But while the disciples of Jesus were most likely either saying thus." He shewed the virtue of the power in His Name concealed from the crowd when He said to His disciples: "Go. that in the name of Jesus every knee should bow. III. And the deed he made to follow the word. ad instar eius) were made disciples in a brief time all the races of the Greeks together and of the barbarians. Evang. and things under the earth. 49. he resolved the sum of those things of which they doubted. col. without any difference): sunomologein me allwV autouV kekrathkenai tou tolmhmatoV h qeiotera kai wper anqrwpon dunamei kai sunergia tou jhsantoV autoiV Maqhteusate panta ta eqnh en tw onomati mou. the Master solved their difficulties. and to confess that they could only have succeeded in their daring venture.tertullian. and more strong than man's. Evang. Iudaeorum) paraithsin prostattei Poreuqentes maqhteusate panta ta eqnh en tw onomati mou. Samuel Lee in 1842 and 1843. in English p. Touto oun eipwn episunhyen epaggelian. see how in truth he again conceded the oracle of God." And the power of His Name being so great. The first citation is made in V. Lee took his text from the Nitrian Codex of the British museum written in A. Theophania V."] 12. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . di hV emellon epiqarrein kai proqumwV epididonai sjaV autouV toiV parhghlmennoiV jhsi goun autoiV. Demonstr.. (= 10). after dwelling on the ecumenical spread of Christianity Eusebius desires us.

Theophania V.] . all of them together. Here then we catch the Syriac translator in the act of garbling his text. 15 and 16 can be found Online at: http://www. 20. even to the end of the world.org/eusebius_theophania_04book3. and could effect so much. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. And. For it was not that he ordered them simply and without discriminating. 159: 17. gazed on them and said. For he said to them Behold I am with you always.“And who is that other (person) who. And teach them to observe all that I have commanded you. went to Galilee. 16. All power in heaven and on earth is given to me of my father. that he should be preached throughout the whole earth? and." And after a little p. Lee p. since the life of man was set up. and had been holden by the worship of idols. but with this important addition.htm] We now give those passages of the earlier books of the Theophania in which Mat 28. But he drew near. and by the assistance of Him who said to them: "Go and make disciples of all nations in my name. who bore all this preeminence. but in the whole earth under the sun?” [Online at: http://www. 160): .in that he said." [14. in nomine meo proprio). ye conquer in my name (lit. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . because they had been defiled by the error of demons. behold.. that his name should fill the hearing and tongues of every people upon the face of the whole earth? But this no man has done excepting our Saviour alone.and after a little (Lee p. In my name (lit. that they should observe the precepts of the Jews. should be cleansed by his power from all pollution and uncleanness. did he admonish to teach. 49. and baptise them in the name of Father and Son and Holy Ghost. not from the first. It adds έν τω ̀ονόματί μου which must here have stood in the original. . D. in nomine meo proprio).19-20 is cited." [The Greek is given below in Nr. that those who should be converted from among the heathen. who said to his disciples by word and fulfilled it by deed: "Go and teach all peoples. p. is the mortal man. But of necessity be added the mystery of cleansing. to go and make disciples of all peoples. that he said. 8.tertullian. and by uncleanness of all sorts but had now first been changed from that life of abomination and lawless practices. These very persons then.htm] 18. Go ye and make disciples of all peoples. but now. ever sought to constitute a people after his name – a thing never yet heard of – and this not in a corner or obscurely in some part of the earth. in Lee's version p. as was commanded them. he commanded his disciples. He attached to it the promise.tertullian. that they should go around and make disciples of all nations. and confess that they (the Disciples) could not otherwise have undertaken this enterprise than by a divine power which exceeds that of man. I am with you always even to the end of the world.org/eusebius_theophania_06book5. as he told them.after this cleansing which is by the mystery of his doctrine. -. The next passage is in IV. together with his peculiar aid (or power). From the Gospel of Matthew:-"After his resurrection from the dead. of those that ever existed. But when they saw him some of them worshipt him. 225 he continues thus:-“And on this account.194 - ." And when he had said this to them. by which they should be so encouraged as readily to give themselves up to the things commanded. but others doubted. and in the end openly after his example they should make disciples of all peoples. The first of these is in III. "Who. (=12). 336: "I am again compelled to recur to the question of cause. 223: "That at the outset he said that he would make them fishers of men.. For it was right... 4. -.not.

The evidence of these later writings of Eusebius emphasizes by contrast the form of text preserved in the rest of his works. 8. saying to them.] 20. proeipwn te kai apojhnamenoV oV ara dei to euaggelion autou khrucqhnai en olh th oikoumenh eiV marturian pasi toiV eqnesin. Historia Ecclesiastica III. Theol. p. but all those things which he commanded them to observe. Go disciple ye all the nations in my name.. and immediately verified his word] [19 and 20 can be found Online at: (Look inside that site for the book: NPNF2-01)] 21. and before 340. 22.19 in its usual form. 8 (p. it is cited. [Next. He necessarily therefore stirred them up. jhsaV autoiV. and De Ecclesiastica Theologia 5.. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and fulfilled it by the event. . 3. 159 d... viz. that his gospel must be preached in all the world for a testimony to all nations. p. 2: epi de th tou khrugmatoV didaskalia thn eiV sumpanta ta eqnh steilamenon poreian sun dunamei tou Cristou jhsantoV autoiV PoreuqenteV maqhteusate panta ta eqnh en tw onomati mou [went unto all nations to preach the Gospel. who had said to them. 294 sq H): TiV pwpote. 5. This letter has only come down to us through the medium of Socrates the historian (I. after his victory over death.195 - . C. The author [whoever it was] of these treatises which were written sometime after 336. There is hardly reason to suspect an interpolation [but only from Sabinus to Socrates]. addressed by Eusebius after the council of Nicea. De Eccles. I myself am with you. ama logw tourgon ephgagen [What… has attained so great a height of excellence… as to fill the ears and tongues of all mankind with the praises of his name? Surely none save our only Saviour has done this. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . 23. alla touto ge oudeiV h monoV eiV o hmeteroV swthr meta thn kata tou qanatou nikhn diepraxato toiV autou gnwrimoiV logon eipwn kai ergw telesaV poreuqenteV goun maqhteusate panta ta eqnh en tw onomati mou.'' He it was who gave the distinct assurance. relying upon the power of Christ. In this at the end of his baptismal creed. Oratio de Laudibus Constantini 16. a. (=17). and the context also implies it.. and make disciples of all nations in my name. 19. when. The only evidence which remains is that of the letter.19 is cited fully twice. 174. wV pantwn twn epi thV anqrwpon akohn kai glwttan emplhsai thV autou proshgoriaV. D. is introduced a citation of Mt 28. who perhaps took it from the work of Sabinus.to undertake the circuit of all peoples and to make disciples of all races of men. "Go ye and make disciples of all the nations in my name". "Go ye. In a third passage. 38 p. teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you. He seems to have found in the codices of Caesarea the following form of text: πορευθέντες μαθητεύσατε πάντα τά έθνη έν τώ όνόματί μου. In both passages we have the textus receptus. after the words πιστεύομεν καί είς έν πνεύμα άγιον. but only as far as the word έθνη.nor yet the law of Moses.23). at least in the two passages. tosouton arethV aphnegkato. to his church of Caesarea. 3. had the textus receptus before him. and made them readily to confide. in the Contra Marcellum Ancyranum. through the promise by which he counseled them. διδάσκοντες αύτούς τηρεϊν πάντα όσα ένετειλάμην ύμϊν. p. 24. Conybeare comments on the points 23 and 24 and gives the summary thus far in 25] 23. saying: Behold. he spoke the word to his followers. In the Greek controversial works of [or “attributed to”] Eusebius Mat 28..

24. Those familiar with Armenian or Syriac versions know how common was this device of saving labour. precludes the idea that the writer had in view the cleansing by the water of baptism. which is Aphrahat the Persian Sage] than Eusebius. loca. singularem hanc cautionem. ubi Origenes. has merely availed himself of his Syriac vulgate. and neither of them formally cite the passage. jwtizomenoi dia tou onoma tou Xristou toutou [Therefore. obliged to render so long a consecutive passage of the Gospels. D. Incidi ego in centonem Colbertinae bibliothecae manuscriptum. favorable to it. where the citation only extends as far as the words τά έθνη. nor does inflict it. Eusebii. Against this body of testimony we have three passages in the works of [or attributed to] Eusebius. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® .] Both passages occur at the very beginning of the treaties. Few can ever have methodically perused so long and learned a work. for where a writer deliberately incorporates entire sections of an earlier work in a later. 18 of the above testimonies breaks the harmony of the other citations. and therefore the work of correction [or I. Eusebus. even so He has now neither yet inflicted judgment. Verse 19 must therefore have been left out by a copyist. viz. Quamobrem miror hunc Eusebii commentarium ad nos usque devenisse. that is doubtful. 258: On oun tropon dia touV eptakisciliouV ekeinouV thn orghn ouk epejere tote o QeoV. Preliminaria in Eusebii commentaria in l’salmos. knowing that daily some [of you] are becoming disciples in the - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Two at least that are neutral. but they where not worth while collecting. etc. shew a knowledge of this shorter form of text. he must be held to endorse the character of the scripture citations which the earlier contains. p. We have also two passages viz. 25. seems to involve the presence of βαπτίζοντες in the original Greek. 18. col.In passages 8 and 9. The Syriac translator. Nr. G. 26. the transcriber. Thus we have [at lest] some 17 attestations of the reading έν τώ όνόματί μου. qui ad singula Origenis. 19 is cited. and rather suggests the exorcism at use of the name which preceded baptism. must say. έν τώ όνόματί μου has perhaps been removed after έθνη by a scribe who resented so unusual a reading [“Plerumque in codicibus Graecis. not quoted by Conybeare. just as God did not inflict His anger on account of those seven thousand men. and copied out from it the entire five verses. ton auton tropon kai nun oudepw thn krisin ephnegken h epagei.. At first sight the comment upon this citation when it speaks of the "mystery of cleansing". ̀ ανάθεμά ζοι. and these all belong to the last period of his literary activity which fell after the council of Nice. [written] as being “by the mystery of his doctrine”. “the work of adulteration”] went no further. in which the textus receptus of Mt 28. As a matter of fact there are other neutral passages. ginwskei eti kaq hmeran tinaV maqhteumenouV eiV to onoma tou Cristou autou kai apoleipontaV thn odon thV planhV. to the exclusion of the words βαπτίζοντες and τοû πατρός καì τοû υίοû καì τοû άγίου πνεύματος. minio exaratam. Verse 18 however stands alone. One. The passage from the Theophania take rank as independent evidence of the text used by Eusebius. vol.196 - . 8 and 9. [More than] two writers earlier [and one contemporaneous. 24. although they repeat passages of his Demonstratio Evangelica and De Laudibus. and so caught the eye of the casual reader. Apollinarius in medium afferuntur ad marginem scriptum observes. in margine affert. It is worthy to notice that in the Greek fragment of the Theophany given in Migne P. and were specially a "cleansing by his power" from the pollution of demons. 629 the context involves that verse 19 as well as 18 should have been cited. The first is Justin Martyr in the Dialogue with Tryphon (Trypho) 39.” Bernard de Montfaucon. Apollinarii. anathema dzibi [dzoi]. but rather echo it. ψεύδη. oi kai lambanousi domata ekastoV wV axioi eisi. mentiris. but the definition which immediately follows of this cleansing.

For Luke has merely added the words μετάνοιαν εìς ̀ αφεςιν άμαρτιών. D. twn mellontwn pisteuein autw. Barnard who has collected the N. and quitting the path of error. 49:11)… and also of that belief in Him which the nations would repose. From such an error a wider reading of Eusebius would saved him. 258. 987): Kai toiV apostoloiV entelletai periionteV khrussete kai touV pisteuontaV baptizete eiV onoma patroV kai uiou kai agiou pneumatoV [And to the Apostles he gives the command: Going around preach ye and baptise those who believe in the name of the Father and Son and Holy Spirit]. received the seal. 53. that the [trinitarian] words in the above were added by Clement to the text of Theodotus. remarks: “Haec vox omnes expellit dubitationes. In this latter place the words “and abandoning the path of error” indicates that it was the Gentiles and not the Jews that were daily being made disciples into the name. Having. P. Outoi gar wV pwloV asaghV kai zugon epi aucena mh ecwn ton eautou. 49:11)… kai twn eqnwn omoiwV. illumined through the name of this Christ] In another passage of his Dialogue [with Trypho]. T. M. 19.” It is to be remarked that Lc 24. is seldom absent from Eusebius’ mind when he quotes Mt 28. prodhlwsiV hn. 19. 4: panta ta eqnh ta upo gon ouranon katoikounta. and substituted κηρυχθήναι… εις for μαθητεύσατε. 19 (after quoting Gen. cf. although Harnack commenting on the words πάντα τά έθνη. until this Christ came. they had one understanding and one mind] The above might almost as well be taken to echo Lc 24. P. 19. akousanta kai pisteusanta epi tw onomati eklhqhsan [tou uiou] tou Qeou labonteV oun thn sjragida mian jronhsin escon kai ena noun ["all the nations that dwell under heaven were called by hearing and believing upon the name of the Son of God. and really glanced at it in p. Simil. mecriV o CristoV outoV elqwn dia twn maqhtwn autou pemyaV emaqhteusen autouV [ And that expression… (Gen. IX. 19. who are also receiving gifts. The earliest writer who cites Mt 28. The use of the word περυóντες suggests that in the third of our excerpts - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. is the Gnostic Theodotus. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . citations of Clement in a volume of the Cambridge Texts and Studies suggests. c. therefore. p. but must have been as early as 160. 47 with its keynote: ̀ αρξάμενοι απο Ίερουσαλήμ. 19 in a form approximating to the text established in the manuscript [textus receptus as in Tischendorf] of the Gospels. 47. An excerpt (§ 76) from his writings appended to the eight book of the Stromateis contains it (Sylb. 19. and sent His disciples to instruct them] Here there is no confirmation or rejection of the words έπì τώ όνόματί. which was not bearing a yoke on its neck. Hennas] and is a less certain reference.name of Christ. The second passage is in the Pastor Hermae [Hermas. 272 D. The first of the above passages has been recognized by Resch in his Aussercanonische Parallelstellen as a citation of Mt 28. Justin glances at Mt 28. Dr. 17. For they were like an unharnessed foal. 27. Mt 28. along with three of the passages above adduced from Eusebius. and the Lucan passage itself has the air of being a remaniement [confirmation] of the Eusebian text of Mt 28. or abridgements of the ordinary text. under the head of Abbreviaturem. whose literary activity cannot be precisely dated. each as he is worthy.197 - . It has been conjectured that he used the Gospel according to the Egyptians. nevertheless the very occurrence of the passage strengthens the surmise that Justin was acquainted with Mt 28. 28. perhaps without good reason. 49:11): Kai to Desmeuwn… (Gen. but he sets it down.

13 and De Praescriptione c. The learned Benedictine editor deplores in the following words the zeal shewn by Rufinus for rewriting the author he professed to translate: “Sed utinam hoc labore adimplendi quae deerant supersedisset! Ex ejus enim licentia factum est. and that His disciples should go among all nations and announce His doctrine]. leaving us in doubt how his texts continued. viz. incertus sit utrum legat Origenem. to khrucqhnai to euaggelion en olw tw kosmw. The passage is this: kai aei orwnteV plhroumena ta eirhmena up autou. 1-4. In Rufinus’ version also of Origen in Numeros Hom. In the works of Origen preserved in Greek. quod mandatum est. no equivalent to this phrase is to be found is additional proof that that extract is not to be relied upon as a faithful rendering of what stood in the text of Eusebius. 19. But we cannot trust them.” The text Mt 28. at the least an early variant for ποερυóντες in Mt 28. 4 of the same document of the phrase of βαπτίζθέντες εìς όνομα κυρίου. in Hippolytus Contra Noetum. K. 19 is found in the Latin version of Irenaeus III. And it is significant that Origen gives no hint of the important precept to baptize in the triune name which in our texts intervenes. in V. It may well be that this word which well fits in with the early belief in the περίοδοι of the Apostles was. ubi solus Origenes loquatur. D. in Tertullian de Baptismo. That. 19 and even set store by it.from Eusebius on the psalms col. The last two passages smack of Rufinus rather than of Origen. Griesbach in his Symbolae criticae notes three cases of explicit citation of Mt 28. “laborem adimplendi quae deerant” for this reason “ne pulsatae quaestiones et relictae. 42. Here the last four words answer to these: “Teaching them all things whatsoever I have commanded you”. The textus receptus of Mt 28. 6: “Apostoli… secundum praeceptum domini circumeuntes orbem terrae et implentes. “Vix certo distingui potest. in the Acta Thomae. And this conjecture is confirmed by a neighboring passage in ps.198 - . continually seeing fulfilled all that was predicted by Him before it happened. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . if not original. quod in homiletico dicendi genere ab illo fieri solet. to the former alternative. aut What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.. but in each case the citation stops short at τά έθνη.) points. c. there balanced however by a rival gnostic formula. col. 653 the impossible reading ποερυóντες is a corruption of περυóντες. (I. and oftener in the Recognitiones as translated by Rufinus. 165. prin genhtai. 31. 4. 2 and 8. 26. we have the following given as comment on 1 Pet 2. 17. 19 in his works as preserved to us. 30. An indirect reference to the text in the contra Celsum II. latino lectori fastidium generarent”. Clement of Alexandria never cites Mt 28. and below: “he stirred them up… to undertake the circuit of all peoples and to make disciples of all races of men”. 19 comes thrice in Rufinus’ version of the Commentar in Romanos. though not conclusively. and VIII. an Rufinum. 8 and 20. No sane critic would undertake to say where Origen ends and Rufinus begins. where however it is suspect because of the occurrence in 9. 19. ut doceant ommes gentes. baptizantes in nomine patris et filii et Spiritus sancti etc. If we could trust Rufinus’ versions of Origen’s homilies. I. ut qui legit has homilias. 29. whether in agreement with those of Eusebius or with the received text. 18 of Eusebius by the Commentary which accompanies it: “he commanded his disciples that they should go around and make disciples of all nations”. in the Διδαχή (Didache) 7. that this Gospel of His should be preached throughout the whole world. The same reading περυóντες is implied in the citation Nr. 2. in the long extract which the Syriac translator makes from his vulgate. 409. in the Clementine Homilies XI.” Here circumeuntes reflects περυóντες in the original text. kai poreuqentaV autou touV maqhtaV eiV panta ta eqnh ton logon autou kathggelkenai [And we. At the conclusion of his version of the commentary on Romans Rufinus boasts that he had taken much “trouble to fill in what was lacking in Origen”. XII. we would have to admit that he used the textus receptus at Mt 28.

34. 858).” The official church of Rome however ignored his arguments. if just before the trine formula had stood in the original Greek? The commentary awakes this suspicion in us. as a “battle-cry” in his strife with Pope Stephen: “Quomodo ergo quidam dicunt. in three cases embedded in comment which smacks of him rather than of Origen. before and after that quotation we read: “…the wonderful works done by the Saviour in the cures He wrought… are symbolical of those who at any time are set free by the word of God. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . propitium non efficimus.. uniuersis aliis diis et dominis renuntiantes. modo in nomine Christi. while in the other two the trine formula is in no way necessitated by the context. Ite docete – Spiritus Sancti. In Hom. Solum confitemur Deum Patrem et Filium et Spiritum Sanctum. Son and Holy Spirit”. quando ipse Christus gentes baptizari iubeat in plena et adunata trinitate? (Epist. in quibus verbis dedit eis et limitavit formam baptismi et in persona eorum toti ecclesiae. nisi toto corde diligamus Dominum Deum nostrum… non sumus effecti pars Domini… et Dominum. It in some measure explains this decision of the Popes that the text of Mt 28. 73 ad Iubaianum).ubi suas merces obtrudat Rufinus”. immo et contra ecclesiam. John of Ragusa used these words: “Dominus noster Jesus Christus ascendens in coelum praecepit apostolis dicens. quem non ex toto et integro corde diligimus. in nomine Patris etc. D. the Spirit now comes in addition since it comes from God and is over and above the water and does not come to all after the water…”.” ubicunque et quomodocunque gentilem baptizatum remissionem peccatorum consequi posse. Sed hoc confitentes. and adopted the position that baptism in the name of Christ alone was quite valid. in his Greek commentary [if that comment was ever original of him. T. 19: “Cum ergo uenimus ad gratiam baptismi. as rendered by Rufinus comes the fourth reference to Mt 28. But because the trine epiclesis was used in his ̀ ακολουθία of Baptism.” Why is “Dominum” alone mentioned.199 - . Et tamen non post longum tempus ipsi apostoli et ecclesia dimittendo dictam formam. and the same caution must be used in regard to the references made by Irenaeus [if written by him] and [by] Justin to the use of a trine formula in Baptism (see our note at the end *). si baptizans dicit: Baptizo te in nomine Christi”. As the canon of the Synod of Nemours (1284) expresses it: “Dicimus. cuius sacramento gentes baptizarentur. 19 occurs. ad quem confugimus.. 32. so the isolated statement of the “adorable trinity” in that books smacks of another pro-Nicene interpolation]. 19 was in his copies of the N. Viii. it does not follow that the text Mt 28. It is true that Origen attests the use of the trinitarian formula [not mentioning it] of baptism. foris extra ecclesiam. as that work has been “preserved” by the catholic church] on John tom. § 4 in Exodum. infantem baptizatum esse. That the Pneumatomachi of the fourth century retained the Eusebian reading can be inferred from the arguments used by and against them. 1433 to the Council of Bàle (Mansi concilia XXXIX. 17. In his discourse: “de communione sub utraque species” addressed A. col. And just before in the same letter: “Insinuat trinitatem. anymore than in those of Eusebius [furthermore. 19 was not yet authoritatively fixed by the church. traditam per Dominum baptizabant tantum in nomine Christi dicentes: Te baptizo in nomine Domini Jesu Christi” [Thomas Aquinas What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. says De la Rue (monitum in Exodum). § 17 (Origen's Commentary On The Gospel Of John: Book VI. VI. D. Cyprian of Carthage [called “saint” by the catholic church] used the text: “Baptising them in the name of Father. Thus it is only in Rufinus’ work that the text Mt 28. 33. Of The Testimony Of John To Jesus In Matthew's Gospel) in the words used of the person baptized: tw empareconti eauton th qeiothti thV dunamewV twn thV proskunhthV triadoV epiklhsewn [to him who yields himself to the divine power of the invocation of the Adorable Trinity].

All knowledge. Reconciling the Augustinian emphasis upon the human spiritual principle with the Averroist claim of autonomy for knowledge derived from the senses. and others. also introduced the Eusebian form of text at Mt 28. and God. I do not know if any will pursue his hypothesis a little further and argue that the apostles. and authority of Aristotle's teachings restored confidence in empirical knowledge and gave rise to a school of philosophers known as Averroists. Some truths. are fully compatible and complementary.. - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. which elevates thought toward the apprehension of such immaterial realities as the human soul. 19”. The vigor. In his effort to reconcile faith with intellect. but sense data can be made intelligible only by the action of the intellect. Under the leadership of Siger de Brabant. clarity. such as that of the existence of God. was impossible. b. He had to be reckoned with. Microsoft Encarta)] John of Ragusa proceeded to infer that. his fellow novices called him Dumb Ox. and of his predecessors in the Scholastic tradition. still others. only through experience. as the Apostles deviated from their master’s precepts in regard to baptism. ad. and other Islamic scholars. taliter ut si quis nunc in illa forma. On the Truth of the Catholic Faith. To reach understanding of the highest truths. in three parts (on God. D. and Summa Theologica (Summary Treatise of Theology. I. but with little success. by withholding the cup from the laity. This synthesis he brought into line with the Bible and Roman Catholic doctrine. 66. can be known only through revelation. to condemn his teachings was ineffectual. 9. Summa Theologica has been republished frequently in Latin and vernacular editions ("Aquinas. of Jewish thinkers such as Maimonides and Solomon ben Yehuda ibn Gabirol. quae dat essentiam sacramento. He studied under the German Scholastic philosopher Albertus Magnus. Aquinas was canonized by Pope John XXII in 1323 and proclaimed a Doctor of the Church by Pope Pius V in 1567. This work turned the tide against his opponents. Early in the 13th century the major works of Aristotle were made available in a Latin translation. Thomas. Aquinas insisted that the truths of faith and those of sense experience. Albertus Magnus and other scholars had attempted to deal with Averroism. the angels. who were condemned by the church. 863): “Si enim immutaverunt Apostoli formam baptismi. Aquinas held. qua ipsi apostoli. quanti magis potest ecclesia mutare vel tollere unam speciem…”] [Aquinas. Aquinas organized the knowledge of his time in the service of his faith. a closely reasoned treatise intended to persuade intellectual Muslims of the truth of Christianity. trans. To ignore Aristotle. Aquinas succeeded brilliantly. Saint Thomas. trans. Avicenna. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . 1265-73). c. non esset baptismus. John writes (l.200 - . originates in sensation. the Averroists asserted that philosophy was independent of revelation. the moral life of man. of which the last was left unfinished. 1946). 1956). col. and Christ). are known through both equally. as presented by Aristotle. a. following him to Cologne in 1248.propounds the same [ill] argument [and he is considered “saint” and “doctor of the catholic church”] III. but Albertus Magnus is said to have predicted that “this ox will one day fill the world with his bellowing”. sometimes called the Angelic Doctor and the Prince of Scholastics (1225-74). when they “set aside the “formam traditam per Dominum”. of Averroës. the aid of revelation is needed. baptizaret. Because Aquinas was heavyset and taciturn. such as that of the composition of material things. as interpreted by the Averroists. His two most important works are Summa Contra Gentiles (1261-64. Aquinas first suggested his mature position in the treatise De Unitate Intellectus Contra Averroistas (1270. he created a philosophical synthesis of the works and teachings of Aristotle and other classic sages. those with which religion is concerned. accompanied by the commentaries of Averroës and other Islamic scholars. of Augustine and other church fathers.Averroism threatened the integrity and supremacy of Roman Catholic doctrine and filled orthodox thinkers with alarm." 1994. such as that of the mystery of the incarnation. The Trinity and the Unicity of the Intellect. so the church had a right to set them aside as regards the Eucharist. More successfully than any other theologian or philosopher.

and not the evangelist.201 - . 68): “Dass Jesus die Taufe eingesetzt habe. ch. but sought to explain away its obvious meaning by means of tortuous and special pleading. but transfers to him the familiar language of the church of the Evangelist’s own time and locality”. A different explanation of the dissonance between Mt 28. IV. and not altered by a later hand in more than two thousand (2000) places". 1. dass dem Bericht über die Einsetzung der Taufe durch Jesus in dem nach Matthäus benannten kanonischen Evangelium ein relativ spates Datum zuerkannt werden muss. vicar of Tewkesbury in his letter to Hurd Bp of Worcester. I venture in conclusion to refer to. 1885) wrote: “Die gegenseitige Vergleichung der Texte unserer drei ersten Evangelien und die kritische Untersuchung über ihr Alter führen somit zu dem Schlusse. 1879.8]. the adulteration also introduced by catholic hands in 1 John 5:7. 262. and finally establish itself in the East during the Nicene epoch. whose conclusions. like the text of the three witnesses [the Comma Johanneum. 438) accepted the usual text as genuine. betrayed itself by speaking in the trinitarian language of the next century. in the Zeitschrift f. and compels us to see in it the ecclesiastical editor. therefore. being based on no textual research. Gotha. if it were completely preserved. IV. lest I should appear to ignore previous workers in this field. Was it not due to a reaction on the text of Matthew of liturgical. wissenschaftliche Theol. was not the textus receptus produced about 130-140? 3. less corrected. 1786. thence creep in to the Greek texts at Rome. 2nd Ed. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . they hung entirely in the air and were merely happy guesses [such of that guesses next]. less damaged. T. in time to figure in all surviving Greek codices? 83. . Holtzmann in an article on Baptism in the N. If so. and.” Socinus (opera Irenopoli 1656 vol. D. although. So did Evanson. 401. I.2 of his edition of Burnet: De Fide et officiis christianorum. much less the founder himself.” H.” Martineau in his “Seat of Authority” Bk.35.1924 Pg. p. more easily legible. London 1792. p. 36. The following questions therefore need to be discussed. . J. disputed the genuineness of the text. he commissioned his apostles to go and baptize among all nations. of baptismal usage? 4. The German scholar Teller in Exc. Harnack remarks (Dogmengeschichte I. p. after his resurrection. in the African old Latin texts first of all. Did it not arise. The 'Fraternal Visitor . H. specially. Baptism in Encyclopaedia Biblica) that Matthew “does not here report the ipsissima verba of Jesus. is not without grounds for accusing the adherents of Athanasius and of the newlyWhat About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. denn Mt 28. 148 Transcript from 'Christaqdelphian Monatshefte' "Codex Vaticanus B would be the best of all existing MSS (ancient manuscripts) . lässt sich nicht direct erweisen. Is the Eusebian and Justin's reading of Mt 28:19 the original? [my answer is yes] 2. Halae. Canon Armitage Robinson inclines to the view (Art. 712 and II. Eusebius. arrives at a similar conclusion. 19 and other baptismal formulas found in the New Testament has been breached by certain scholars. Scholten in his work: Die Taufformel (übersetzt von Max Gubalke. 515 writes thus: “The very account which tells us that at last. 19 ist kein Herrnwort.

lead to a presumption of an intentional corruption in the interests of the Trinity.html or in: http://www. and others added to and elaborated on it down through the centuries.org/great_commision. This increases our doubt almost to a decisive certainty concerning the genuineness of the passage. according to some versions of triune theology. Pg 147 .htm "Go ye therefore. and teach all nations. It wasn’t until long after the Bible was written that theologians originally came up with the doctrine.aol. . one being in three manifestations).20 ) This "Great Commission" of Jesus Christ is an oft quoted proof-text of Trinitarians used to promote their belief in the three-in-one/triune God. and Holy Spirit is the final name of the one triune God.” 85. baptizing them in the name of the Father. and of the Holy Ghost: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and. the "name. Likewise.arisen doctrine of the Trinity of falsifying the Bible more than once. This is based on the use of the single noun. The 1917 Scofield note on this verse states: "The word is in the singular. Son. It affirms: (1) That God is one." (Mt 28:19.htm) http://members.geocities.202 - . and holy spirit---thus supposedly three beings with one name (or. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . In ancient Christian times a tendency of certain parties to corrupt the text of the New Testament was certainly often imputed. Son. .com/BRIHOECK7/Lie. "name" (as opposed to "names"). an International Association Article: 10 Things You Should Know About God Number 6: God is a family Page 6 Concerning the below documentation The Oxford Companion to the Bible (1993) Bruce Metzger and Michael Coogan Editors Page 782 Subject: Trinity “Because the Trinity is such an important part of later Christian doctrine." What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S." 84. the developed concept of three coequal partners in the Godhead found in later creedal formulations cannot be clearly detected within the confines of the [New Testament] canon” The article goes on to say: “ The word later here is a vital key in understanding why general Christian belief became burdened with the Trinity doctrine. The "Great Commission" ADDITION of Matthew 28 by Brian Hoeck (http://www. and of the Son. even unto the end of the world.com/fdocc3/quotations." not names. lo." Also from the 'Fraternal Visitor' From an Article 'The Question of the Trinity and Matthew 28:19. Father.151 "The striking contrast and the illogical internal incoherence of the passage .dimensionsoftruth. it is striking that the term does not appear in the New Testament. applied to three separate nouns---the Father. I am with you alway. D. The Good News Magazine November-December 2008 Volume 13 Number 6 The Good News (ISSN: 1086-9514) is published bimonthly by the United Church of God.

and ye shall receive the gift of the Holy Ghost. arise." Acts 19:5 "When they heard this. . Acts 8:16 "For as yet he [it] was fallen upon none of them: only they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus. and I of Apollos. in his Word Studies on the HOLY SPIRIT.." Acts 10:48 "And he commanded them to be baptized in the name of the Lord. which comes in the name of Jesus Christ). " [Note: How does one receive the holy spirit? In the name of Jesus!] Luke 24:47 "And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his [Jesus'] name among all nations. "The difficulty is that. on documentary evidence.. but ye are sanctified." noted Bible scholar. and be baptized. but ye are justified in the name of the Lord Jesus.24)--'for they baptise not into the trinity. pp. "baptizing them in the name of the Father. states: "These words are contained in every Greek MS. . and of the Son. Acts 2:38 "Then Peter said unto them. Baptism was always in the name of the one person of the Lord Jesus. 1:8 and in many other places. article: Baptism). Repent.he had by himself purged our sins.. beyond suspicion: but yet there is one great difficulty with regard to them." The above two scriptures show what we are truly to be baptized into---not the name of the Father.'" (Encyclopedia Biblica. and I of Christ. Paul was referring to Jesus Christ---in whose name. both are to be done in the name of Jesus Christ---not in the name of a "triune god". therefore." [Note: This verse ties directly with Matt 28:19 (preaching the Gospel among all nations) and Acts 2:38 (repentance and remission of sins. and wash away thy sins. . I am of Paul. 48. and in the rest of the New Testament there is no hint as to it ever having been obeyed by anyone. were all done in the name of Jesus Christ. that every one of you saith." 1Cor 1:12-15 "Now this I say.] 1Cor 6:11 "And such were some of you: but ye are washed. Lest any should say that I had baptized in mine own name. but into the death of Christ. the Apostles themselves never obeyed this command." Some other Scriptures to consider include: Rom 6:3 "Know ye not.. "This was the formula of the followers of Eunomius (Socr. the word translated "in" in the phrase "in the name of. Bullinger." NOTE: In Matt 28:19. 5. whom [which] the Father will send in my name . and holy spirit ---but. .Is this true? Is this Scriptural proof of a trinity? Let's dig down past the surface of this text and get a little deeper into a study of this matter.." Acts 22:16 ". Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . that so many of us as were baptized into Jesus Christ were baptized into his death? " Gal 3:27 "For as many of you as have been baptized into Christ have put on Christ.47. and I of Cephas. they were baptized in the name of the Lord Jesus.203 - .." is the Greek word "eis" which means "into. without the use of water. he baptized spiritually the disciples. and by the Spirit of our God. and are. John 14:26 "But the Comforter. D. E." (Hebrews 1:3)]. who was crucified for us. into Christ and His death. but rather in spirit. Is Christ divided? was Paul crucified for you? or were ye baptized in the name of Paul? I thank God that I baptized none of you." Is this true? Let's examine the Scriptures to prove all things. but Crispus and Gaius.] What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.W. calling on the name of the Lord. and of the Holy Ghost. [editor's note: MS. and as we see here. Concerning these words." [Baptism is to be performed in His name for the remission of sins because ". as explained in Mk." [Editor’s note: Paul is implying here that the few baptisms that he performed there. = manuscript] known. and be baptized every one of you in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins. beginning at Jerusalem. which is the Holy Ghost. Son.

on Isaiah. and of the holy ghost. the pages are gone which contained the end of Matthew.in his famous history of the Church. Eusebius' rendering here (. Conybeare states. exist from prior to the fourth century? It is due to the fact. What text did their manuscripts contain? How did they quote Matt 28:19. Diocletian ordered all the sacred books to be burned. This has left a large gap of three centuries (a time of great apostasy. there are none beyond the fourth Century [Of the fourth century. Is it possible that the destroyed manuscripts and these missing pages may have included a different reading of Matthew 28:19---a reading that would agree with the above listed Scriptures which show baptisms performed in Christ's name alone? Let us examine some of the writings of the so-called "early church fathers" who had access to older manuscripts. in his Demonstratio Evangelica he writes thus (col." (H.. and in his panegyric of the emperor Constantine. are from 5th Century and upward].. Thus. p. Erwin Preuschen in Darmstaft in 1901. Bullinger comments. "It is difficult to suppose that there would have been this universal disregard of so clear a command. Fred C.. and of the Son.20? We shall see. Concerning Matthew 28:19. in the name of Jesus Christ alone. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . the Zeitschrift fur die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft. and it seems clear that the Syrian part of the Church knew nothing of these words. whether we have here something beyond the reach of science. his Demonstratio Evangelica. "In the only codices which would be even likely to preserve an older reading [a non-triune reading of Matt 28:19].. that in the name of Jesus every What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.48) Why is it that no Greek MSS. All other known Greek MSS. Eusebius.' For so great was the virtue attached to this appellation that the Apostle [Paul] says: 'God bestowed on him the name above every name. Fred Conybeare notes.In the light of Scripture. rather they "Christianized" their pagan doctrines by applying Christian names and ideas to them. there are two: the Vaticanus and the Sinaiticus---BOTH CORRUPT. 240. "As to the Greek MSS. 1902. his Theophany..136): "For he did not enjoin them to 'make disciples of all the nations' simply and without qualification. D. whatsoever I commanded you." "It is a question. Church historian. if it had ever been given. but he more than once comments on it in such a way as to show how much he set store by the words 'in my name'. teaching them to observe all things. or the powers of ordinary Textual Criticism. wrote. "Eusebius cites this text of Matthew 28:19 again and again in works written between 300-336 AD." (Word Studies on the HOLY SPIRIT. and they quoted from them quite frequently---so much so. namely the Sinaitic Syriac and the oldest Latin Manuscript. I have. and always in the following form: 'Go ye and make disciples of all nations in my name. but with the essential addition 'in his name.) ties directly with Luke 24:47 as listed above (repentance and remission of sins should be preached IN HIS [Jesus'] NAME among all nations). therefore..204 - . or [if] it ever really formed part of the primitive text.E. namely in his long commentaries on the Psalms. The "early church fathers" were pagan converts who did not truly convert. And Eusebius is not content merely to cite the verse in this form.' " (Hibbert Journal. p. Conybeare). The only real value of these writings lies in the fact that their authors had access to these missing manuscripts. F. and the inspired and sacred Scriptures consigned to the fire in the open market place. that almost the entire New Testament could be gathered from these sources alone. after a moderate search in these works of Eusebius. edited by Dr. "I saw with mine own eyes the houses of prayer thrown down and razed to their foundations. viii 2)." but rather. This left plenty of time for perversion of the text to occur. . "I have collected all these passages except one which is in a catena published by Mai in a German magazine. found eighteen citations of Matthew 28:19. that in 303 AD. we see baptism was never performed "in the name of the Father." (Hibbert Journal. Please note that we are NOT turning to them for any theological doctrine. Coneybeare).II Thes 2:7 & Jude 4) from which there are no known complete Greek MSS--from the first century in which Matthew recorded his Gospel account until the fourth and fifth centuries..make disciples of all the nations IN MY NAME. Conybeare states. which was already starting in Paul's and Jude's day .

' struck out. in which there was no mention either of baptism or of the words ' Father.7). and make disciples of all nations in My name. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - ." (Matthew 28:19 as cited in: E.dwells at length on 'the power in the name of Jesus invoked upon a man in baptism' " (Smith's Dictionary of the Bible. "Before man bears the name of the Son of God.' he used the common reading after Nice.' The objection hitherto to these words being recognized as a citation of our text was that they ignored the formula 'baptizing them in the name of the Father and Son and Holy Spirit. Then in two controversial works written in his extreme old age.' But the discovery of the Eusebian form of text removes this difficulty: and Justin is seen to have had the same What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and a text so invaluable to the dominant party [the Trinitarians] could not but make its way into every codex. translated by George Howard from Shem Tob's Evan Bohan) Let's now examine some writings of the other early "church fathers. he had never heard and knew nothing until he had visited Constantinople and attended the Council of Nice. and entitled: 'Against Marcellus of Ancyra. at Caesarea in Palestine. he is dead. Son. This has led scholars to suspect that he was persuaded to replace the original text. In the Shepherd of Hermas (dated approximately 120 AD). who wrote about AD 130 and 140. 628 and 636) "Go and teach them to carry out all the things which I have commanded you forever. that [of all] the MSS which Eusebius inherited from his predecessor.' It was right therefore that he [Jesus] should emphasize the virtue of the power residing in his name but hidden from the many. "It is evident that this ["in My name"] was the text found by Eusebius in the very ancient codices collected fifty to a hundred and fifty years before his birth by his great predecessors." (Matthew 28:19.g." (Conybeare).105). Resch in his Ausser canonische Parallelstellen. 58 ff. p 352.. Vol. Miscellaneous Coptic Texts. At least two texts have been found that make no mention of these things: "Go forth into all the world and teach all the nations in my name in every place. e. and are abandoning the path of error. D.205 - . Of any other form of text [than the "in My name" reading].." It also states.." (Hibbert Journal. who sees in it an abridgement of the ordinary text.' and the other 'About The Theology Of The Church. and therefore say to his Apostles: 'Go ye. he lays aside mortality and receives life. "In Justin Martyr. being illuminated by the name of this Christ. p. need not cause surprise. as knowing of some that still even today are being made disciples in the name of his Christ. therefore. who also do receive gifts each as they be worthy. The question of the inclusion of the Holy Spirit on equal terms in the Trinity had been threshed out [at the Council]. But in any case. i. p 258: 'God hath not yet afflicted nor inflicts the judgment. there is a passage which has been regarded as a citation or echo of Matthew 28:19 by various scholars. but when he has received the seal [through baptism].' " (Hibbert Journal quoting Eusebius) Conybeare continues. and Holy Ghost ' [in Matthew 28:19] " (Fred Conybeare)." Conybeare concludes: "It is clear. "They are such as have heard the word and were willing to be baptized in the name of the Lord" (emphasis mine) The Hibbert Journal notes that Origen quotes Matt. Pamphilus.knee shall bow." "The anonymous author of De Rebaptismate in the third century. and the words which followed. "The exclusive survival [of the trinitarian text of Matthew 28:19] in all MSS. some at least preserved the original writing.28:19 three times---ending the quote abruptly at "nations" each time and "that in itself suggests that his text has been censored. pp. it notes. The passage is in Justin's dialogue with Trypho 39. 1915. the conversion of Eusebius to the longer text after the Council of Nice indicates that it was at that time being introduced as a shibboleth of orthodoxy into all codices. Budge. 'In my Name. quoting De Rebaptismate 6. Hebrew Gospel of Matthew. of things in heaven and on earth and under the earth. both Greek and Latin. irrespective of its textual affinities (Hibbert Journal).

. but falls back upon the use of Isaiah ["Through the washing of repentance and knowledge of God. and we make known that the same baptism which he preached. nor Aphraates. Sir William Whiston stated. than in any other case whatsoever.49) Many reference works denote the skepticism of scholars concerning the accuracy of this verse. which was instituted for the sin of the people of God. as though the words got into the text (perhaps from the margin) in the Church of North Africa [possibly Alexandria.. either omitting everything between 'nations' and 'teaching. in summary. pp. they preclude the Textus Receptus with its injunction to baptise in the triune name. therefore. as we'll look at in a moment]. we have believed. Concerning Aphraates. of Nisibis. than that the latter arose out of the former in spite of it. any such interpolation or corruption made in any one of them [the Scriptures] by either the Eusebians or Arians..D." (Encyclopedia Of Religion And Ethics. Just. "There is one other witness whose testimony we must consider.' The last words appear to be a gloss of the Eusebian reading 'in my name. this would. The Encyclopedia of Religion And Ethics states: "It is the central piece of evidence for the traditional view [trinitarian formula]. and historical criticism. Word Studies on the HOLY SPIRIT. LXI 3. be decisive..' or 'the Lord Jesus'.as a proof of the necessity of regeneration." It also comments on the verse as such: "If it be thought as many critics think. therefore. there contained these words ["baptizing them in the name of the Father.. "Justin quotes a saying of Christ. at their disposal. Conybeare . therefore. that I know of. p 15).). D.206 - .and Mr. died in 340 A. we might regard it as a loose citation. as Isaiah says. Conybeare states." (Bullinger. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. i. Did. If it were undisputed.D. In fact. knew anything of these words.' (or 'Jesus Christ." It continues. Apol." (Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics). article: Baptism).' the latter form being the more frequent. he lived in one of the greatest Christian Libraries of that day. and of the Holy Ghost"]. ix.' But in any case." (Second letter to the Bishop of London. (Dictionary of the Bible. it seems impossible that he could have quoted this verse eighteen times without including them. "Different from the post-apostolic and later Christian liturgical praxis. is the water of life" (Justin's dialogue with Trypho)] and [so-called] Apostolic tradition to justify the practice of baptism and the use of the triune formula.. and relating to the Doctrine of the Trinity. that no MS represents more than comparatively late recensions of the text. it is necessary to set against the mass of manuscript evidence the influence of baptismal practice [which was almost universally performed with the triune formula in the post-apostolic days]. see I Co 1:13.. that Eusebius quotes Matthew 28:19 twenty one times. If the Greek MS. 3. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .emphasis mine).text ["in My name"] as early as the year 140. It seems easier to believe that the traditional [trinitarian] text was brought about by the [trinitarian baptismal] influence working on the Eusebian ["in My name"] text." "Professor Lake. Conybeare have called attention to this fact.15. the primitive Church baptized 'in' or 'into the name of Jesus. but its trustworthiness is impugned on the grounds of textual criticism. Were the writing of Aphraates an isolated fact.48. "Now Eusebius. Ac 8:16. "We certainly know of a greater number of interpolations and corruptions brought into the Scriptures by the Athanasians. 1719. 19:5. . VII. of Nisibis (who flourished in Syria. 5). He is Aphraates.who wrote between 337 and 345. 13). and which is alone able to cleanse those who repent. which is marked by the trinitarian formula of Mt 28:19 (see Did. literary criticism.' or in the form 'make disciples of all nations in my name." "It looks. and his work belonged. He cites out text in a formal manner as follows: 'Make disciples of all nations. and that the Syrian Churches did not have them in the MSS. Moreover." (Hibbert Journal F. but in the presence of the Eusebian and Justinian texts this is impossible. and of the Son. 340 A. which Eusebius regularly found in his manuscripts from 300 to 340. of course.D. "The facts are. and they shall believe in me.). and shown that neither Justin Martyr (who died in 185 A. the great Ecclesiastical historian. This certainly suggests that Justin did not know the traditional [trinitarian]text of Matthew 28:19." (Conybeare). in part to the third century. James Hasting.. While we have not. 11.

Conybeare).. on the whole..389." And again. while the more What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.76. "In the course of my reading.. Philo clearly taught the trinity doctrine. named Theodotus.a doctrine that they all received from the Mystery teachings of Babylon. Pythagoras and Plato . rejects the traditional attribution of the tripartite baptismal formula to Jesus and regards it as a later origin." "Critical scholarship. a text some what similar to Matthew 28:19 is once cited-but as from a gnostic heretic. [These added words of I Jn 5]. much like the added words recorded in I John 5:7 (which are not in any Greek MS. Goodenough Light. and that the words.. and co-eternal with the Father and the Son. who were called 'pneumatomachi' or 'fighters against the Holy Spirit'." have been added to God's word to support the trinitarian doctrine brought in by the philosophers and other pagan "converts" to "Christianity"." (E. Vol 3. 1959.1963. p. Son. 10:48) the trinitarian formula obviously became the standard at a very early time.33).." (Harper's Bible Dictionary sixth edition. By consequence. Jewish philosopher. Henry Austryn Wolfsan.R. "Until the middle of the nineteenth century the text of the three witnesses. it states. yet appears in the likeness of a triad.. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . 1 John 5:7-8.. He spoke of ". It should now be clearly seen that all things are to be done in Jesus' name (Col 3:17). because they declined to include the Spirit in a Trinity of persons as co-equal. "baptizing them in the name of the Father.. it notes that baptism was always performed in the name of Jesus until the time of Justin Martyr. shared with Matthew 28:19 the onerous task of furnishing scriptural evidence of the Trinity. p365) agrees. D. How did these spurious words get into the text and from whence did they come? Fred Conybeare notes. p.. They also stoutly denied that any text in the New Testament authorized such a co-ordination of the Spirit with the Father and Son. and of the Holy Ghost. Philo. is unauthentic.in such a way. the early church baptized in the name of Jesus until the second century. These Mystery teachings were the source of Theodotus' "Christianized" Gnostic trinitarian doctrine cited by Clement of Alexandria. When did the corruption of the baptismal formula arise? According to Canney's Encyclopedia of Religion. I have been able to substantiate these doubts of the authenticity of the text Matthew 28:19 by adducing patristic evidence against it so weighty. p. the text 'in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Ghost' was used as a battle-cry by the orthodox against the adherents of Macedonius. that a single vision appears to him [the one having the vision] as a triad. and a triad as unity. ed Sylb. prior to the 16th century). These words were not part of the original God-inspired text..287). And in Volume 2 of the Encyclopaedia of Religion and Ethics. lived in Alexandria and taught his false doctrines of Gnosticism there. they lacked the triune reading of Mt 28:19]" (Hibbert Journal . consubstantial. And in the eighth edition of Harper's Bible Dictionary. article: Baptism). he states that "." (Conybeare). 277). that in future the most conservative of divines will shrink from resting on it any dogmatic fabric at all. By Light: the Mystic Gospel of Hellenistic Judaism. And we have just seen that in light of Scripture and the early "church" writings. Alexandria was a hotbed of philosophical thought...the intellect perceives most clearly a unity although previously it learned to apprehend it under the similitude of a Trinity." He stated that a "holy and divine vision" of the Rulership is perceived ".. 28:19) was a late addition. and of the Son.88.are now abandoned by all authorities except the Pope of Rome. as did fellow philosophers. "In the last half of the fourth century." (The Philosophy of the Church Fathers. p. F. stating that baptism was changed from the name of Jesus to the words Father.one God.60 article: baptism).. and Holy Ghost in the 2nd century. and not as from the canonical text as follows--'And to the Apostles he gives the command: Going around preach ye and baptise those who believe in the name of the Father and Son and Holy Spirit' " (Conybeare quoting from Excerpta cap. "In the pages of Clement of Alexandria. p. the entire weight of proving the Trinity has of late come to rest on Matthew 28:19. Whence we infer that their texts agreed with that of Eusebius [meaning. who in Himself is unity. p. "While the earliest formula of baptism seems to have been 'in the name of the Lord Jesus' (Acts 8:16. Encyclopaedia Brittanica (11th ed. that it too. ".207 - .the trinitarian formula (Matt..

I am with you all the days until the completion of the age." ** If anyone finds information PROVING OR DISPROVING the claims of this study..enlightened will discard it as completely as they have its fellow-text of the three witnesses [I Jn 5:7. A.” 87. behold. Stud. and all extant VSS. 275 ff. Driver. The History of Christian Doctrines (1937.. The Didache has ch. Wissensch.208 - .8].. On the other hand. BAPTISM [a] Development of the Doctrine before the Reformation Page 248 “The general opinion was that baptism ought in no case to be repeated.godglorified. And if we once suppose his short form to have been current in MSS. contact me with that information so that I may update. the information I present here. Journal Theo. Lake." (Hibbert Journal F. Chase. Eusebius cites in this short form so often that it is easier to suppose that he is definitely quoting the words of the Gospel. Zeitsch. as in the Acts.. Matthew Third Edition. While immersion was practiced. 1949) Originally called: Reformed Dogmatics a companion volume to Systematic Theology by Dr. Jesus Christ? Matt 28:19. there is much probability in the conjecture that it is the original text of the Gospel. 481 ff. Amen.20 should read as such: "Go therefore. by all means.htm) "On the text. or even remove--if disproven. The evidence of Eusebius must be regarded as indecisive. contain the clause (S1 and S2 are unhappily wanting).Spirit" supplanted the shorter "in my name. Riggenbach. of the Gospel. Der Trinitarische Taufbefehl.htm) and (http://www. the following clause.. Plummer. The Bishop of Rome (Pope Nicholas I) asserted that it could be regarded as valid (‘baptism to be valid tantum in nomine Christi. 1901. ** Thank you Author’s Email: brihoeck7@aol.Spirit" was lacking in copies known to Eusebius.com/various_quotes. and make disciples of all the nations in My name: Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: and. revise. for whatever reason.. October 1902. Louis Berkhof Division: The Doctrine of the Church and the Sacraments Section: The Doctrine of the Sacraments Part 2. in view of the fact that all Greek MSS." can not be taken as decisive proof that the clause "Baptizing. Hibbert Journal. Fur die Neutest. The International Critical Commentary on the Holy Scriptures of the Old and New Testament S. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . So what is the true "Great Commission" of our Lord and Savior.com 86. Conybeare). Briggs A Critical & Exegetical Commentary of St.com/fdocc3/quotations. but… as to the validity of baptism administered by heretics.’) The mode of baptism was not in dispute. 1912. because "in my name" may be Eusebius' way of abbreviating. correct. and that in the later centuries the clause "baptizing. D.geocities. Inaugural Lecture. than to invent possible reasons which may have caused him so frequently to have paraphrased it. see Conybeare. C. Vi." An insertion of this kind derived from liturgical use would very rapidly be adopted by copyists and translators. pages 307-308: (http://www. The Eusebian quotation: "Go disciple ye all the nations in my name. 7: "Baptizing in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit": but the passage need not be dependent on our What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.

htm 40 THE SIGNIFICANCED OF WATER BAPTISM found at: http://apostolicpentecostaloneness.com/fdocc3/quotations. argue that the Trinitarian formula in Matthew 28:19 is spurious. is a reflection of the liturgical usage established later in the primitive community.htm and http://www.htm) "Feine (PER3. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. 19:5).apostolic. supported by Galatians 3:27.com/fdocc3/quotations.net) found at website: http://www. D.com/fdocc3/quotations. Abingdon Press Volume 1 Page 351 “The evidence of Acts 2:38. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia. The Jerusalem Bible (1966) (A scholarly Catholic Work)41 “It may be that this formula. I.godglorified. The baptisms recorded in the New Testament after the Day of Pentecost are administered "in the name of Jesus Christ" (Acts 2:38). "into Christ" (Rom 6:3. Romans 6:3.com/various_quotes.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. No record of the use of the Trinitarian formula can be discovered in the Acts or the epistles of the apostles. suggests that baptism in early Christianity was administered. But Irenaeus and Tertullian already have the longer clause. that its universalism in contrary to the facts of early Christian history.apostolic. but ‘in the name of Jesus Christ’ or ‘in the name of the Lord Jesus’. It will be remembered that Acts speaks of baptizing ‘in the name of Jesus. and its Trinitarian formula (is) foreign to the mouth of Jesus. and the Didache elsewhere has a liturgical addition to the text of the Gospels in the doxology attached to the Lord's Prayer.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis.faithweb.” 91. 396 f) and Kattenbusch (Sch-Herz. August 1993. 89. Gal 3:27)".geocities. (Triune Matthew 28:19) so far as the fullness of its expression is concerned.com/water. James Orr.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.canonical Gospel.apostolic.htm "No record of such use can be discovered in the Acts or the epistles of the apostles. 1946.htm) and (http://www.net) found at website: http://www. 435 f. 41 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D.” 39 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. Willis (Cwillis@ipa.geocities.” The above reference is also found at: http://www.209 - .htm and published in the PENTECOSTAL HERALD. The Interpreter’s Dictionary of the Bible (1962)40 Nashville. XIX. 8:16. page 398: (http://www.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. The International Standard Bible Encyclopedia (ISBE)39 Volume 4 Page 2637 Under “Baptism” “Matthew 28:19 in particular only canonizes a later ecclesiastical situation. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . not in the three-fold name.geocities." [This is one of my favorite quotes! The double talk is incredible!] 88.htm and http://www." 90. "into the name of the Lord Jesus" (Acts 8:16). 10:48 (cf.

Young places the triune name in Matt. It will be remembered that the Acts speak of baptizing "in the name of Jesus".apostolic. The New Revised Standard Version “Modern critics claim this formula is falsely ascribed to Jesus and that it represents later (Catholic) church tradition. 95. The Jerusalem Bible. ed. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Acts 1:5 +." 93.com/fdocc3/quotations. 54 96.92. Mircea Eliade.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. D. The New International Encyclopedia Volume 22 Page 477 “The term ‘trinity’ was originated by Tertullian. 28:19 in parentheses. is a reflection of the liturgical usage established later in the primitive community.htm) Footnote to Matthew 28:19.” What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. The Lion Concise Book of Christian Thought John Henry Newman writing on ‘The Development of Doctrine42’ Subject: The Roman Catholics Page 208 “In 1833 John Keble preached his famous sermon on National Apostasy and this is traditionally seen as the launching of the Oxford Movement. Roman Catholic Church father.htm)and (http://www. so far as the fullness of its expression is concerned. p. a scholarly Catholic work.” Page 209 “But Newman has to admit. 15. Robert Young In his Literal Translation of the Bible. The positive principles of the movement include the following beliefs:… the doctrines of baptismal regeneration (new birth through baptism). that the Roman Catholic Church is not identical to the early church…” 94.Vol.godglorified. as a good historian.geocities. Page 64. . thus indicating the words to be of doubtful authenticity. It may be that this formula.htm 42 John Henry Newman was ‘one of the century’s leading Roman Catholic Theologians.. for nowhere in the book of Acts (or any other book of the Bible) is baptism performed with the name of the Trinity…” The above reference is also found at: http://www. The New Catholic Encyclopedia. states: (http://www. 1966.210 - . But whatever the variation on formula the underlying reality remains the same.” 97. 1967 Volumen XIV Page 306 “Theologians today are in agreement that the HEBREW Bible does not contain a doctrine of the Trinity” Also found in: The Encyclopedia of Religion. Macmillan Publishing Company. The Literal Translation of the Bible by Dr.. 1987.com/various_quotes.

The Gospel support for them is often allusive and 43 44 Water Baptism according to the Bible and Historical Reference at: http://www. Wells Complete in one volume A De Luxe Edition Garden City Publishing Co. and as Did. The teachings of Jesus of Nazareth Page 530 “Now. it is a matter of fact that in the Gospels that body of theological assertion which constitutes doctrinal Christianity finds very qualified support. “As to the rite of baptism.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S.apostolic-voice. (In fact there is no record in the New Testament where it was ever used.98. G.htm and http://www.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. One may go further to assert that there is no evidence fro any definite from except what may be read into the expression ‘in the name of the Lord Jesus’ or similar words… It was natural that in the earliest from of Christian baptism words should be used which associated the ceremony with the name of Jesus. 1931. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . 7:1-3 specifically says.’ later expanded (changed) to the name of the Father.geocities. Y. Inc.) 101. it is most unlikely that the triune formula presents the earliest from of the baptismal dedication. it was normally consummated as a bath in which the one receiving baptism completely submerged. It was formed… and given to the Church world… at the Nicean Council in the year 325 A. Barn 11:11 permit us to gather. According to the last passage. and the Holy Spirit.net) found at website: http://www. There is. and if possible in flowing water as the allusions of Acts 8:36. Bultmann (1951)44 Page 133 Under ‘Kerygma of the Hellenistic Church and the Sacraments’ The historical fact that the verse Matthew 28:19 was altered is openly confesses to very plainly. Son. [the apocryphal Catholic Didache] suffices in case of the need if water is three times poured (false Catholic sprinkling doctrine) on the head. D.. Theology of the New Testament by R.211 - . Yet we may be certain that the phrase ‘in the name of the Lord Jesus’ would never have been introduced it the Trinitarian formula had been recognized from the beginning. The Origin And Significance Of New Testament Baptism by H.. no sustained and emphatic assertion in those books of several of the doctrines which Christian teachers of all denominations find generally necessary to salvation.com/fdocc3/quotations. Garden City. 1940 by H.” 100. The New Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge (1957) Volume 1 Page 43543 “The New Testament knows only baptism in the name of Jesus… which still occurs even in the second and third centuries. G. The one baptizing names over the one being baptized the name of the Lord Jesus Christ. N.htm From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. Book VI CHRISTIANITY AND ISLAM Chapter 28 The Rise of Christianity and the Fall of the Western Empire Section 2. Heb 10:22. as the reader may see for himself.org/tracts/baptism. Marsh (1941) Page 180 “Despite the manuscript attestation of the genuineness of Matthew 28:19.” 99.apostolic. The Outline of History © 1920.D. Willis (Cwillis@ipa.

R. Except for a few disputed passages it is difficult to get any words actually ascribed to Jesus in which he explained the doctrine of the Atonement or urged any sacrifices or sacraments (that is to say. the distinctly liturgical character of the formula… is strange. 1:13-15 and Gal.htm and http://www. Vol.” 102.htm) 45 and From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D. priestly offices) upon his followers. It has to be hunted for and argued about.indirect.com/fdocc3/quotations. pg 143: (http://www. Likewise. while the Trinitarian formula occurs only in Matthew 28:10. later on. 28:19 must be disputed…. it was not the way of Jesus t make such formulas… the formal authenticity of Matt.geocities. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . cannot have given His disciples this Trinitarian order of baptism after His resurrection.net) found at website: http://www. for the New Testament knows only one baptism in the name of Jesus (Acts 2:38.”(page 435) 106. on the whole. Apol 1:611… Finally.geocities. Theological Wordbook of the Bible by R. 19:5. 28:19 is thought to show the influence of a developed doctrine of God verging on Trinitarianism.” 104. There is no clear evidence that the apostles of Jesus entertained that doctrine. The Schaff-Herzog Encyclopedia of Religious Knowledge45 Page 438 “Jesus. James Martineau. however. 8:16. all Christendom was torn by disputes about he Trinity. 1 Cor. The Oxford Companion to the Bible (1993) Bruce Metzger and Michael Coogan Editors Page 782 Subject: Trinity “Because the Trinity is such an important part of later Christian doctrine.htm) (http://www. The Philosophy of the Church Fathers.com/fdocc3/quotations. page 568: (http://www. 6:3. it is striking that the term does not appear in the New Testament. Willis (Cwillis@ipa.com/various_quotes. rejects the traditional attribution of the tripartite baptismal formula to Jesus and regards it as of later origin. Early baptism was in the name of Christ. Williams Page 29 “The command to be baptized in Matt. 1. Harry Austryn Wolfson. and then only again (in the) Didache 7:1 and Justin. Rom.godglorified.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Undoubtedly then the baptismal formula originally consisted of one part and it gradually developed into its tripartite form.com/fdocc3/quotations. D.212 - .apostolic.godglorified. 1964.htm) Critical scholarship. The Seat of Authority in Religion. 1905. We shall see presently how. which still occurs even in the second and third centuries. 10:43.com/various_quotes. 3:27).geocities. 105.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. the developed concept of three coequal partners in the Godhead found in later creedal formulations cannot be clearly detected within the confines of the [New Testament] canon” 103.htm) and (http://www.

No historical trace appears of this baptismal formula earlier that the "Teaching of the Twelve Apostles" (ch."The very account which tells us that at the last. nor Christian burial in your death. of the apostles.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. 7:1." 107. (4 th Cent.D. and. Reake) ‘the command to baptize with the threefold name is a late doctrinal expansion’." (Gal.net/biblicalstudies/matt2819-willis. meantime. 28:19.213 - . but… a later liturgical addition.” October 1959 Page 351 Article: Back to Babylon (4) “There is the ‘triune’ baptismal formula. The Testimony by F. Eusebius (A.). knowing Trinity idea was being resisted by the Church in the 4th Century admits (E.apostolic. 3:27." or into the "name of the Lord Jesus. in Acts or Epistles. The Tyndale New Testament Commentaries47 Volume 1 Page 275 “It is often affirmed that the words in the name of the Father.D. and of the Holy Spirit. 10:48. much less the founder himself. is actually insisted on as essential by almost every Church in Christendom. D.net) found at website: http://www. Its sole counterpart. 73. but… we leave it for separate treatment. ed. he commissioned his apostles to go and baptize among all nations (Mt 28:19) betrayed itself by speaking in the Trinitarian language of the next century. Willis (Cwillis@ipa. ere he was "filled with the Holy Ghost.” 108.” 47 From A Collection of Evidence Against the Traditional Wording of Matthew 28:19 by Clinton D.) as for that of the period whereof he treats.htm 46 For more detailed information of the interpolation of Matthew 28:19.com/fdocc3/quotations. but prior to oldest yet known Mss. the invariable usage was baptism "in the name of Christ Jesus. which may prove a very broken reed when thoroughly investigated." and he certainly was baptized simply "into Christ Jesus." And doubtless the author (Luke) is as good a witness for the usage of his own time (about 115 A. It is a rule which would condemn as invalid every recorded baptism performed by an apostle." (Rom. 16-18. Philip Schaff. why one cannot fine one single instanced. G. if you have not had it pronounced over you. Matthew’s actual writing having been ‘baptizing them in my name’.” The above reference is also found at: http://www. Even Trinitarians. and of the Son. The thoughtful may well ponder. unhistorical as it is. Cyprian found it necessary to insist upon the use of it instead of the older phrase baptized "into Christ Jesus.geocities. Acts 19:5. was baptized. and of the Son. has to convert those who still use the shorter form. 265 – 340) denounces the Triune from as spurious." (Acts 2:38) and not "in the name of the father. Cyprian Ep. and the first Apology of Justin (Apol. 1 John 5:7.htm What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. is a proved interpolation46.htm and http://www. 1887). and compels us to see in it the ecclesiastical editor. 185) that apostles and epistles never once employ ‘the Triune Name’ of Matt. Whiteley Footnotes to Articles: Baptism (5) August 1958 “Clerical conscience much trouble (See Comp Bible App.3 The Oldest Church Manuel. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . 6:3) Yet the tri-personal form. the ecclesiastical authorities cast you out as a heathen man. of the words ever being used at any of the many baptisms recorded. 1 John 5:7-8 and other such additions see my study called: “How to deal with and handle Scriptural Interpolations.) Paul alone. and of the Holy Ghost are not the ipsissima verba (exact words) of Jesus.) about the middle of the second century: and more than a century later. and not the evangelist. for if the book of Acts may be trusted.apostolic. and will accord to you neither Christian recognition in your life. 61. after his resurrection. i.

It is also one of the most respected commentary series. I recently purchased Word Biblical Commentary on CD-ROM and was amazed at what it had to say about this passage. Some time ago I came across a web site titled ‘A Closer Look at Matthew 28:19’. was indicating that the baptized person would by baptism pass into the possession of the Father.” W 109. but very difficult to verify.). 1998. However. This shorter reading preserves the symmetrical rhythm of the passage. cf Howard. Word Biblical Commentary. Green. Bauer) recommendations for commentaries on every book in the New Testament (I intend to have an article up on this soon) and Word Biblical Commentary received more recommendations than any other.com Word Biblical Commentary admits Matt. seems clearly to be a liturgical expansion of the evangelist consonant with the practice of his day (thus Hubbard. Logos Library System. but. In fact. A. who has argued most effectively for the shorter reading. Acts 8:16. the Son. the text read ‘make disciples in my name” (see Conybeare). As Carson rightly notes of our passage: ‘There is no evidence we have Jesus ipsissima verbal here’ (598). which could still be called evangelical (that’s with a small ‘e’) in print today. cf Did.Back to Apostolic Truth Discussions (A Oneness response to the Trinitarian Doctrine) Note: Some information in this section I moved and relocated for clarity. especially since it was written and published by Trinitarians. D.“… the true explanation why the early church did not at once administer baptism in the threefold name is that the words of Matt. It is Kosmala. 8:16. Word Biblical Commentary: Matthew 14-28 (electronic ed. 28:19 were not meant as a baptismal formula. . 7. No information was changed. What Is Wrong With The Trinity? Posted by Aaron C. (Jesus) was not giving instructions about the actual words to be used in the service of baptism. however. The narrative of Act notes the use of the name only of ‘Jesus Christ’ in baptism (Acts 2:38. 28:19 is probably not original. argues for a concentric design with the triadic formula at its center). claiming that the reading in Matthew 28:19 was probably not original. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . the early practice of baptism in the name of Jesus. Hill [IBS 8 (1986 54-63]. altered or delated just rearranged. Word. 19:5)… Schaberg’s theory that the triadic formula goes back to the triad of Dan 7 (Ancient of Days. This is what it says in its comment on Matthews 28:19 “The threefold name (at most only an incipient Trinitarianism) in which the baptism was to be preformed.sda The New Catholic Encyclopedia states: "There is the recognition on the part of exegetes and Biblical theologians… that one should not speak of Trinitarianism in the New Testament without 48 Hagner. quoted by Matthew in 12:18-21. The claims were quite interesting. D. 2009 at 10:10 pm in Apostolic Truth . and the singular ‘in his name’ with reference to the hope of the Gentiles in Isa. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 10:48. as witnessed by the ante-Nicene Eusebian from. and the Holy Ghost. Carson. whereas the triadic formula fits awkwardly into the structure as one might expect if it were an interpolation (see H. Gorden Fee & David R. 42:4b. D. cf Rom 6:3 and Gal. and angles) remains an improbable speculation. pointing to the central importance of the ‘name of Jesus’ in early Christian preaching.1) There is a good possibility that in its original form. on the other hand. 3:27) or simply ‘the Lord Jesus’ (tou kuriou Iesou. as most of the sources given are not very accessible to the average person.214 - .48 110. Wilson on March 19. as has already been suggested. one like a son of man. on the other hand. I recently examined three independent scholars’ (D. Word Biblical Commentary by William Arnold III WmArold@gmail. 19:5. A. Vol 33B (Mt 28:20).

Moreover. 180 to A. Eventually. D. Heick.J. and the humanity of Christ.ONENESS BELIEVERS IN CHURCH HISTORY. the triune baptismal formula became a practice among some Christian churches. It is the product of theological reflection upon the problem…. but rather they affirmed their belief in the monotheism of the Old Testament and accepted without question the deity and the humanity of Jesus Christ. although the few early references to it may be either recitations of Matthew 28:19 or interpolations added by later copyists. the Logos became equated with the Son. On the contrary.215 - . H. and Origen that modalism was the official theory in Rome for almost a generation. 51-54. particularly in the teachings of Philo. 1897). Following a thought in Greek philosophy.D. during this time. 200. 46-48. it is also the product of philosophical speculation. some of the Greek apologists began to view the Logos as a separate person from the Father. 2 Kenneth Latourette." According to the church historian Adolph Harnack. is not a Biblical doctrine and this indeed not by accident but of necessity. Irenaeus (died c.) did not embrace the idea of a trinity. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . However. a prominent Christian leader who died around A. some of them moved towards trinitarianism. The Christian leaders following the apostles did not allude to a trinity. however. had an intensely Christocentric theology and a firm belief that Jesus was God manifested in flesh. and that it was at one time “embraced by the great majority of all Christians. In Chapter 10 . "The doctrine of the Trinity itself. noted philosopher-historian Will Durant. A History of Christianity (New York: Harper and Row.” The New Catholic Encyclopedia. The ecclesiastical doctrine of the Trinity is not only the product of genuine Biblical thought. 1953). Early Christianity (Princeton.) also emphasized the oneness of God. Irenaeus. This trend toward trinitarianism began by making the Logos (the Word of John 1) a separate person.”20 Adolph Harnack. 200) is often considered the first true theologian of this time. but a form of binitarianism. and the Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics. III. He emphasized the manifestation of God in Christ for the sake of redemption.): Lutheran seminary professors Otto Heick and E.D. we noted that the early post-apostolic fathers (90 . 143. This was not trinitarianism. 44Roland Bainton. The trinitarian Protestant theologian Emil Brunner has stated.140 A. however. 300. the deity of Christ. modalistic monarchianism was the most dangerous rival to trinitarianism in the period from A. Tertullian. To them the Father alone was the real God and the Logos was a created divine being of second rank." By this they mean he did not believe in an eternal trinity or a trinity What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. p. History of Dogma (London: Williams & Norgate. The Greek apologists (130 . he probably did not use it to signify a trinity of persons but rather a triad of God's activities. I.D. an apologist named Theophilus used the word triad (triados) to describe God. He held that the Logos which became incarnate in Jesus Christ was the mind of God. Yale University professor of church history Roland Bainton. 295-305.serious qualifications… New Testament exegesis is now accepted as having shown that not only the verbal idiom but even the patterns of thought characteristic of the patristic [church fathers] and concilian [church councils] development would have been quite foreign to the mind and culture of the New Testament writers.D. He concludes from passages in Hippolytus. N. university professor John Noss. Klotsche. Some scholars have characterized Irenaeus' beliefs as "economic trinitarianism.D. which is remote from the thought of the Bible. However." 19“Trinity. Holy. they emphasized Old Testament monotheism. Apparently. and was the Father Himself. XIV. and one that subordinated the Logos to the Father.180 A.

of essence but only a trinity that is temporary in nature - probably a trinity of God's activity or operations only. Irenaeus, who did not use the Greek Logos doctrine, identified the Logos with the Father. His theology had three key characteristics: a strong biblical emphasis, a reverence for apostolic tradition, and a strong Christocentric emphasis. It seems he was not a true trinitarian but at most a transitional figure. In summary, in the first century after the apostles, the doctrine of the trinity had not even developed. However, in some circles a form of subordinationistic binitarianism emerged based on Greek philosophical ideas, a doctrine denounced in the first chapter of John's Gospel. The New Catholic Encyclopedia says of trinitarianism at this time in church history: "Among the Apostolic Fathers, there had been nothing even remotely approaching such a mentality or perspective; among the second century Apologists, little more than a focusing of the problem as that of plurality within the unique Godhead… In the last analysis, the second century theological achievement was limited… A trinitarian solution was still in the future." " A Baptist scholar has said, "A whole group of exegetes and critics have recognized that the opening declaration of Mt. 28:18 demands a Christological statement to follow it: 'All authority in heaven and on earth has been given to Me' leads us to expect as a consequence, 'Go and make disciples unto Me among all the nations, baptizing them in My name, teaching them to observe all I commanded you.'" The explanation of Matthew 28:19 in The Tyndale New Testament Commentaries is very interesting in this regard: "It is often affirmed, that the words in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost are not the ipsissima verba [exact words] of Jesus, but either the evangelist's words put into His mouth, or a later liturgical addition… It may well be that the true explanation why the early Church did not at once administer baptism in the threefold name, is that the words of xxviii. 19 were not originally meant by our Lord as a baptismal formula. William Phillips Hall, President of the American Tract Society of New York, undertook a study of the name of God. In 1929 he published a booklet entitled Remarkable Biblical Discovery or "The Name of God" According to the Scriptures. His conclusion: The Name of the Lord Jesus Christ is the full revelation of God and the apostles correctly understood and obeyed Matthew 28:19 by invoking this Name. Furthermore, the words of Matthew 25:19 "were never used in baptism by the original apostles, or by the Church during the early days of its existence" and "all baptisms of those early days were commanded to be, or stated to have been, performed in, or with the invocation of, the Name of Lord Jesus Christ." In recent years, a prominent independent pastor named James Beall wrote a book on baptism called Rise to Newness of Life, which advocates baptism in Jesus' name while retaining trinitarian doctrine. See Chapter 10 - The Witness in Church History: Baptism for a list of other trinitarians today who baptize in Jesus' name. As already noted, many trinitarian scholars such as W. E. Vine, Matthew Henry, and James Buswell have recognized the significance of the singular in Matthew 28:19 although apparently not associating it with baptism in the name of Jesus. According to The New Catholic Encyclopedia, historians of dogma and systematic theologians recognize “that when one does speak of an unqualified Trinitarianism, one has moved from the period of Christian origins to, say, the last quadrant of the 4th century. . . . From what has been seen thus far, the impression could arise that the Trinitarian dogma is in the last analysis a late 4th century invention. In a sense, this is true but it implies an extremely strict interpretation of the key words Trinitarian and dogma. . . . The formulation ‘one God in three Persons’ was not solidly established, certainly not —263— fully
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assimilated into Christian life and its profession of faith, prior to the end of the 4th century. But it is precisely this formulation that has first claim to the title the Trinitarian dogma.” 21“Trinity, Holy,” pp.
295-305.

The New Catholic Encyclopedia says of trinitarianism at this time in church history: “Among the Apostolic Fathers, there had been nothing even remotely approaching such a mentality or perspective; among the second century Apologists, little more than a focusing of the problem as that of plurality within the unique Godhead. . . . In —267— the last analysis, the second century theological achievement was limited . . . A trinitarian solution was still in the future.”31“Trinity, Holy,” pp. 295-305.

Above section 110 also has these references: Baptism (Early Christian), Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics (New York: Charles Scribner’s Sons, 1951), p. 385. Klotsche, E.H., The History of Christian Doctrine (Grand Rapids: Baker Book House, 1979), p. 18. “Unitarianism,” Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics, XII, 520. “Monarchianism,” Encyclopedia of Religion and Ethics,VIII, 780. 111 More information in regards to baptism in Jesus name against Matthew 28:19: From http://www.davidmacd.com/catholic/timeline_of_catholic_church.htm Catholic Church time line: Listed under 250’s A.D. *256 Pope St. Stephen I upholds the baptisms administered by heretics. Listed under 260’s A. D. *c. 260 Birth of Eusebius of Caesarea, Church Father, bishop and "Father of Church history." his Church history is an important source of information about the Early Church. He also wrote the Life of Constantine. Listed under 320’s A.D. *325 The Council of Nicea. Presided by Emperor Constantine and Hosius of Cordoba. Pope St. Sylvester I sends papal legates, being too old to make the journery from Rome. Many of the bishops in attendance had been physically injured in the persecutions of previous decades. The Council defines trinitarian belief in God. The Father and God the Son are declared of the same substance against the teachings of Arius. Emperor Constantine considers heresy to be a form of rebellion, and banishes Arian bishops to Illyria. Listed under 330 A. D. *331 Bishop Eusebius of Nicomedia, an Arian, schemes to have a local synod depose the orthodox bishop Eustathius of Antioch. Constantine recognizes the authority of the synod and expels Eustathius. His successor, Paulinus of Tyre dies a few months later, and, for the first time in history, a secular ruler interferes in the choice of a bishop. Constantine recommends the Arian Euphronios, who was elected. *335 By this time Eusebius of Nicomedia succeeds in convincing the emperor of his orthodoxy by proposing at the Council of Jerusalem an ambiguous formula of faith to which both Arians and Catholics can adhere. Listed under 340’s A. D.
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*c. 340-350 The Arian bishop Ulfilas makes a corrupt translation of the Bible into the Gothic language and converts the Goths. From then on, barbarian tribes that converted to Christianity were Arian, until the conversion of the Franks in the 6th century. *341 Death of Eusebius of Nicomedia, bishop of Constantinople. He schemed to depose Catholic bishops throughout the empire and replace them with Arians. He made Arians appear orthodox through ambiguous formulas of faith. Miscellaneous interesting information: *1227 AD Bible divided into chapters by Stephen Langton, Archbishop of Canterbury but not by verses, which were only introduced by Robert Estienne in 1545. *1551 AD Bible divided into verses by Robert Stephens 1551 112. Word Biblical Commentary, Vol 33B, Matthew 14-28 Donald A. Hagner, 1975, page887-888: (http://www.geocities.com/fdocc3/quotations.htm) and (http://www.godglorified.com/various_quotes.htm) also found in: (http://www.apostolic.net/biblicalstudies/wordonmatt2819.htm) "The disciples are further told to "baptize" (the second of the participles functioning as supplementary imperatives) new disciples. The command to baptize comes as somewhat of a surprise since baptism is referred to earlier only in chap. 3 (and 21:25) where only John's baptism is described (among the Gospels only in John 3:22; 4:1-2 do we read of Jesus' or his disciples' baptizing others). Matthew tells us nothing concerning his view of Christian baptism. Only Matthew records this command of Jesus, but the practice of the early church suggest its historicity. (cf. Acts 2;38, 41; 8:12, 38; 9:18; 10:48; 19:5; 22:16; etc.). The threefold name (at most only an incipient Trinitarianism) in which the baptism was to be performed, on the other hand, seems clearly to be a liturgical expansion of the evangelist consonant with the practice of his day (thus Hubbard; cf. Did. 7.1). There is a good possibility that in its original form, as witnessed by the ante-Nicene Eusebian form, the text read "make disciples in my name" (see Conybeare). This shorter reading preserves the symmetrical rhythm of the passage, whereas the triadic formula fits awkwardly into the structure as one might expect if it were an interpolation (see H. B. Green; cf. Howard; Hill [IBS 8 (1986) 54-63], on the other hand, argues for a concentric design with the triadic formula at its center). It is Kosmala, however, who has argued most effectively for the shorter reading, pointing to the central importance of "name of Jesus" in early Christian preaching, the practice of baptism in the name of Jesus, and the singular "in his name" with reference to the hope of the Gentiles in Isa. 42:4b, quoted by Matthew in 12:18-21. As Carson rightly notes of our passage: "There is no evidence we have Jesus' ipsissima verba here" (598). The narrative of Acts notes the use of the name only of "Jesus Christ" in baptism (Acts 2:38; 8:16; 10:48; 19:5; cf. Rom. 6:3; Gal. 3:27) or simply "the Lord Jesus" (Acts 8:16; 19:5)." 113. Worship in the Early Church (1964) by Ralph P. Martin49 Second Edition 1974 First American printing July 1975 Reprinted August 1976 Chapter 5 ‘The Pattern of Sound Words’ Early Creeds and Confessions of Faith
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Ralph P. Martin: Professor of New Testament, Fuller Theological Seminary, Pasadena, California. He holds the Ph. D. from the University of London and is the author of numerous books and articles, both scholarly and popular, about the New Testament.
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Page 60 “We gleam from the record in Acts of the Apostles that conversion and baptism were regarded as the inside and outside of the same experience.” Page 61 “Ephesians 5 verse 25-26 may be mentioned here, following C. A. Anderson Scott’s50 translation of the Pauline words: Eph. 5:25-26 ‘Christ loved the church, and gave himself up for her, that he might consecrate her after cleansing in the water-bath (of baptism) together with the Formula’: and by the formula (literally ‘saying’) Paul evidently means the public acknowledgment (verbally calling on the name of Jesus Christ out loud) by the person(s) to be baptized of Jesus as Lord.” As you can see I’ve collected 113 (- my search continues -) documented historical records that proclaim that the original wording of Matthew 28:19 did not include the words ‘the name of the Father and of The Son and of the Holy Ghost’ but simply ‘in my name’ (Jesus speaking here). So whose name are we to be baptized in? Jesus Christ of course for there is no other name under heaven whereby we must be saved (Acts 4:12). For a complete and thorough Bible Study of how actual baptism was done by the Apostles in the book of Acts see: A Study In Acts - How did the original Apostles baptise? © 1994, 2005, 2008 by Elder S. D. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® Acts 4:12 (KJV) 12 Neither is there salvation in any other: for there is none other name under heaven given among men, whereby we must be saved. That’s the end of my alphabetical list of references so now I would like to demonstrate an excellent resource to govern how to determine Biblical truth when there seems to be conflicting verses dealing with the same subject such as Matthew 28:19 and Acts 2:38. And it is called: INTERNAL EVIDENCE I will share with you eleven test to determine what is correct in God’s Word and in using these we can feel very confident in reading the Bible for Salvation and guidance and in understanding the true Godhead and all other doctrines of God and His Word. In legal practice, where copies of the same lost document vary, resource is had to what is called ‘Internal Evidence’, that is, a comparison with the rest of the text of document that is not in dispute, in order to ascertain which of the variant readings is the more likely. This method is useful in ascertaining the original text of Scripture where two or more readings obtrude. So, having found that in the first three centuries there existed copies of Matthew which at 28:19 did not include the triune-name, we will use ‘Internal Evidence’ to decide what is the true reading. INTERNAL EVIDENCE: Eleven Test to find Biblical truth within Scriptures. FIRST TEST = is that of CONTEXT If we read as the whole context it fits together and the tenor of the instruction is complete: “All power is given unto ME… go therefore… baptizing in MY name, teaching them… whatsoever I have commanded… I am with you…” Notice ALL is in the SINGLE tense) SECOND TEST = is that of FREQUENCY How consistence, constant and frequent are the word, thoughts, etc used. Is the phrase ‘in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost’ used elsewhere in Scripture?
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‘Christianity according to St. Paul by C. A. A. Scott Cambridge 1932 page 119.

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D. in opposition to the apostolic declaration. or to be invested with Him name. 15:16. and that is. 16:17 Luke 9:48.. as the ONLY name for salvation?” “This is the argument. 24:5 Mark 9:37. ‘There is none other name under heaven (no other name or names or titles) given among men. Acts 4:12’ “As for its significance: baptism is linked inseparably with the death of Christ – it is the means of the believer’s identification with the Lore’s death. Analogy. 14. this wrapping was to hide away the difficulty and side step the issue and/or confuse the reader. 1:13 and this argument is equally effective against the use of the triune name. 26.Not once! Did Jesus use the phrase ‘in my name’ on other occasions? . 21:8 John 14:13. Baptism is for this specific purpose. And thus there are three names under heaven whereby we must be saved. believers must be baptized in water. 13:6. 26 THIRD TEST = is that of ARGUMENT Is any argument in Scripture based on the fact of the threefold name. Similarity.Yes! Matthew 18:5.” FOURTH TEST – is that of ANALOGY (Synonyms: Affinity. Resemblance) What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Article XLIV’ “There is but one way for a believer of ‘the things concerning the Kingdom of God. exposition and exhortation (al of which are good in their proper place). 28:19 to contain the phrase ‘in my name. or in any other name that displaces Christ from His position as the ‘connecting link’. ideas. 24. Likeness. Dr. Thomas says in ‘Revealed Mystery. Son and Holy Spirit. or the name of the Father. that ‘there is none other name (that the name of Jesus Christ of Nazareth) under heaven given among men whereby we must be saved. it is not sufficient to be baptized into the Son.220 - .” From God’s Way Page 190 Romans 6:3-5 ‘Now the Father did not die. It is the Lord Himself who was crucified. 39. phrases. Son and Holy Spirit)’ Robert Roberts used this argument: “According to triune-immersion. 16:23. whereby we must be saved. Thus Christ is displaced from His position as the connection link – the door of entrance – the ‘new and living way’. and confirms the genuine text of Matt.’” Acts 4:12 From ‘The True Nature of Baptism’ Page 13 ‘This is the same argument as Paul used in 1 Cor. nor yet the Holy Spirit. Dr Thomas was one that was a glowing exception to this general rule. 41. and the name of Jesus the Christ’ to put Him on.’ Buried with Him (not with the Father.None whatever! Is any argument in Scripture based on the fact of baptism in the name of Jesus? . by immersion into His name. Were ye baptized in the name of Paul.” Many of the writers and editors who address this problem wrapped up the difficulty with words.Yes! This argument in 1 Corinthians 1:13: Is Christ divided? Was Paul crucified for you? Were ye baptized in the name of Paul? From this argument it will appear that believers ought to be baptized in the name of the One who was crucified for them. or of baptism in the threefold name? . and in His name therefore. 20. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Kinship.

D. FIFTH TEST = is that of CONSEQUENCE In being baptized. The Lord Jesus Christ is the ‘connection link’ both for baptism in water and for baptism in Spirit.No! Is there anything analogous to baptism in the name of Jesus? . There is reason for this. This Memorial is the Lord’s Supper. their Abrahamic faith and disposition are counted to them for repentance and the remission of sins. The Holy Ghost is the Promise (Acts 2:38-39) and only those who were in the corporate body of Christ. Son. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. To not use the actually name but the titles the one being baptized is not ‘putting on the name of Christ’. 2. Only the foundation of baptism in the name of Jesus Christ the ROCK will withstand the storms of life and judgment. in the act of putting on the name of Jesus. John 14:26. not that of a Trinity. and Holy Spirit if we don’t use that name? . Inference that if 2 or more things agree in some respects they will probably agree in (all) others. SIXTH TEST = is that of PRACTICE Did the disciples afterwards baptize in the Threefold name? . Son and Holy Ghost) can’t sustain the weight in final judgment. John 3:5.No! Do we put on the name of JESUS if we use it in baptism? . do we put on the name of the Father.Yes! Dr.Yes! The waiting disciples were baptized with the Holy Spirit in the name of Jesus.” Note by sda – Believers bear the name of JESUS now by its use at their baptism. A likeness in one or more ways between things otherwise unlike. the Ecclesia which is His Body – only those could receive the Gift. the Christ. not adopted into the family of God’ and has not had their sins removed for without the name spoken over them in baptism all that happened was they got wet and that’s all sad to say.Analogy: 1. Thomas wrote in Revealed Mystery Article XLIII “Believers of the Gospel Jesus preached are –justified by faith through His name. another rite of the Ecclesia (Greek word meaning ‘the called out ones sometimes called the Church or body of Christ) is that of Breaking of Bread.Never! Did they baptize in the name of Jesus? . Sharing of many features and qualities of being similar ‘ALL Scriptures’. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - .221 - . 3. Is there anything in Scripture analogous to baptism in the Triune-name? . and only because they wee in that one Body. no matter how high quality of material they used. the house built on sand (foundation of Father. So that is why in Matthew 7:21-23 says Jesus will look at them and say ‘Depart from me ye workers of iniquity for I never knew you’ and as He further explains in Matthew 7:24-27 the reason being no matter how well their house was built.Always! Acts 2:38 8:16 10:48 19:5 SEVENTH TEXT = is that of SIMILARITY OF ACTION Baptism is a symbolic rite. that is. The latter is the Communion of those who have experienced the former: and for none else.

and became the Lamb of God to take away sins.222 - . Without the laying on of hands the sin could not have been transferred to the lamb nor pushed back. In reply to this Jesus said “Suffer it to be so now: for thus it becometh us to fulfill all righteousness. He entered sinless and emerged bearing the sins of the world. is the only way to ‘fulfill all righteousness. My blood. How Do We Know This? It was revealed to John. John did “preach the baptism of repentance for the remission of sins”. and the lamb was slain. 8-9 Luke 3:16. Neither had He whereof to repent. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . 11:16. 33 and 36 So. Let us compare the parallel accounts of Luke 24:46-47 and Mark 16:15-18 Luke 24:46-47 (KJV) 46 And said unto them. and Holy Spirit) who was baptized.(My body. what did Jesus mean by this statement: John was the last of the Old Testament prophets and Jesus was the first of the New Testament prophets. My name) Matthew 26:26-28 Luke 22:19-20 John 6:51-58 EIGHT TEST = is that of SIGNIFICANCE One significance involved is that of the forgiveness of sins. and so the man received a remission of his sin (they were pushed back a year). washed away. And that is to ‘Repent. This. John preached ‘repentance and water baptism’ and Jesus preached being baptized with the Holy Ghost. as Christ was our example.” Note by sda – When Jesus came to be baptized of John the Baptist.” Matthew 3:11 Luke 3:16 John 1:26-36 Acts 1:5. who exclaimed – “Behold the Lamb of God which taketh away the sin of the world?” John 1:29 It was JESUS alone (and not the Father.” Matthew 3:11-15 Mark 1:4. and receive the infilling of the gift of the Holy Ghost. D. Old Testament – Law: When a man brought his lamb to the priest. 31. When we were baptized (as when John’s disciples were baptized). The Lord entered the water of baptism to take upon Himself those very sins. our sins were loosed. So from this we can see that to fulfill all righteousness in our lives we must do as Jesus did and instructed. 29. and we arose sinless. 21 John 1:26. and thus it behoved Christ to suffer. Thus it is written. So that the significance here outlined requires the phrase in Matthew 28:19 to be “in my name. Son. he laid his hands upon the lamb. This is the significance in the baptism of Jesus by John. 19:4-5 NINTH TEST = is that of PARALLEL ACCOUNTS Now it happens that Matthew was not alone in recording the words of Christ before His Ascension. remitted. John said that he (John) needed to be baptized of Jesus. Jesus had no sins to be remitted. and to rise from the dead the What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ for the remission of sins.

The shorter phrase ‘in my name’ is. That this is correct is proved by other Scriptures. and they shall recover. 16 He that believeth and is baptized shall be saved. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . This passage therefore restores the correct text to Matthew 28:19 – ‘in my name’. Go ye into all the world.” Colossian 3:17 Now here is a principle laid down. which is a rite involving both sword and deed. In my name shall they cast out devils. Now of the alternative reading of Mathew 28:19. and the comprehensive word ‘whatsoever’ certainly includes baptism. And John preached also the coming of the Messiah who should baptize with the Holy Spirit. Ashe aka – sda) explain something important here before I add my last section. they shall lay hands on the sick. they shall speak with new tongues. It was Paul who enunciated the ‘Principle’. the former contains the Commission of Christ to His Disciples/Apostles. 18 They shall take up serpents.’ What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. therefore. he put it into practice in Acts 19:3-5 Now let me (Elder S. Also lets look at: Mark 16:15-18 (KJV) 15 And he said unto them. NO OTHER DIFFERENCE IS SHOWN IN SCRIPTURE Now it is written of the disciples at Ephesus that although they had been baptized unto John’s baptism. Paul established the ‘PRINCIPLE’ in Colossian 3:37 and he applied it.223 - .’ TENTH TEST = is that of a COMPLEMENTARY CITATION There is a striking resemblance between Matthew 28:19 and Romans 1:4-5. they were later baptized again.third day: 47 And that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in his name among all nations. Matthew 28:19 Romans 1:4-5 All POWER is given unto me The Son of God with POWER Go ye Received… Apostleship51 Teaching them to observe For obedience to the faith All nations All nations. The difference between the baptism of John and baptism after Pentecost is that the latter was always in the name of JESUS. while the latter is Paul’s understanding and acceptance of his own Commission from Christ as an Apostle. Did it. provides a doubly strong proof of the authenticity of the phrase ‘in my name’ in Matthew 28:19. but he that believeth not shall be damned.. The baptism of John. in his opinion. 5 – “His name” (not a triune name or titles) ELEVENTH TEST = is that of a PRINCIPLE It is written – “WHATSOEVER ye do in word or deed. D. like the baptism of Jesus (then and now). was a baptism of repentance for the remission of sins (Mark 1:4 and Acts 2:38). 51 The actual word ‘apostle’ means simply ‘to be called and then sent. the threefold name/titles is clearly not in accordance with the above principle. D. but this time ‘in the name of the Lord Jesus’ Acts 19:3-5 This last test. include baptism? Acts 19:3-5 supplies the answer. Again we see that the Scriptures do not include a triune name but rather the phrase . it shall not hurt them. vs. 17 And these signs shall follow them that believe. and if they drink any deadly thing. beginning at Jerusalem. or I should say. in the presence of Paul.‘in my name. do all in the name of the Lord Jesus. and preach the gospel to every creature.

word order. for undoubtedly we would make an idol out of it. In no instance do we possess the original autograph (original documents written by the original writer or author). harmful. Only about 50 of theses 5. “To keep things in perspective. and about 80 Papyri This is over 5.000+ What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. The following is from: The King James Version Debate – A Pleas For Realism (1979) By D.100 Lectionary Manuscripts. The result is a ‘certain Word from God’. Uncials 2.The addition of the extra wording in Matthew 28:19 ‘of the Father. No data or information was changed or altered in any manner.300 Minuscules. and the like. he holds the Ph.224 - .000+ manuscripts are fragmentary. Now with that in mind let me calm your worried and fears and reaffirm to you that the Bible as we have it today is very reliable. ideal or doctrine of the original writing or conversation. and I suspect it is just as well. preserving a few verses or a few books.” “What we do possess is something over: 2. Cursive Scripts 3. concept. Moreover. Chapter 1 The Early Circulation Of The New Testament Page 17-18 “The Greek manuscripts are regularly classified as follows: 1. Note by sda – This count was in 1979 and I know of many more discovered since then so the count grows and continues. Minuscule 4. A. many of the theologically significant variants can be sorted out quite easily by comparing manuscript with manuscript and by using the 11 very thorough ‘INTERNAL EVIDENCE’ tests I gave above. The vast majority of manuscript errors have to do with details of orthography. D. Note from sda – I have taken the liberty to rearrange some of the pages of this material so as to be better understood within the framework of this section. damaging or changing the thought. but these are the most important. and of the Holy Ghost’ is called in Bible Scholars and Textual Criticism circles ‘Interpolations’. more than 2.000 in number. He also is a graduate of McGill University and Central Baptist Seminary (Toronto).D. Papyri 5. degree from Cambridge University. it is important to remember that the vast majority of these 5. Carson Professor of New Testament at Trinity Evangelical Divinity School. To change (as in text) by inserting new or foreign matter 2. The actual word ‘Interpolation’ means: 1. Lectionaries” “There are other sources of information. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . and of the Son. just over 260 Uncials. So here is my last section for your reading and secure knowledge concerning the reliability of our modern Bible (at least the Authorized King James Version). To insert (as words) into a text or into a conversation So by definition those ‘interpolation’ may or may not be incorrect.

word order. The quality of the text is as important as the age of the text. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . As a result. Most of the manuscripts. whole sections. Page 25 “Before taking the discussion further. and the like. ‘errors or interpolations’ can be corrected and understood as to the original meaning and message of the Word of God.א‬Codex Sinaiticus). Moreover.” Page 26 “(No two manuscripts in any one textual tradition are precisely identical)” Page 25 “The aim of the textual critic is to ascertain. Principle # 1. assumptions we’ve made. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. 2. I should pause and set at rest the troubled concern of anyone who. contain the four Gospels” “In comparison with other books written in antiquity. The more we know about the world in which the Bible was written. The vast majority of manuscript errors have to do with details of orthography. Today’s handbook For Solving Bible Difficulties (1990) by David E.225 - . the New Testament is vastly better attested by surviving records than even the best of the alternatives. 4. And above all else I still consider it to be The Word Of God without apology.000+ Greek Manuscripts and 8. etc. O’Brien Instructor of Old Testament History at St. misspelled words. Paul Bible College and Bible classes at Bethany Fellowship.52 3.000+ manuscripts of versions. 9. the more certainty we have about the true nature of the text. Page 21 “We all bring to our reading the doctrines we’ve been taught. and pet ideas we’ve nurtured. what reading of any particular passage is closest to the original”. and the closer it is to the original. There is no need for such rigorous pessimism. the more accurate it is likely to be. that they were shelved and never used so they. the closer it is to the original. many of the theologically significant variants can be sorted out quite easily by comparing manuscript with manuscript. and only one of theses 50 is an Uncial (VIX. out of order words.contain the entire New Testament. 52 The thing to be cautious about here is that many of the really old copies of the manuscripts are preserved due to them having so many errors. this providential wealth of material sufficient to embarrass the most industrious textual critic. The more ancient manuscripts we have. ‫ . The most straightforward interpretation of a passage is probably the best interpretation. (See point # 14) 14. the better we understand the Bible itself. The more ancient the text is. Yet despite this abundant supply of manuscripts evidence. of course. and all.” Note from sda – Also using the ‘INTERNAL EVIDENCE’ testing method any. D. Let Scripture interpret Scripture. duplicate sentences. we often see what we expect to find whether it’s there on not” Part 1: The Past Imperfectly Section: Principle Index Pages 442 – 446 Note by sda – I have selected only those Principles that best fit our current discussion concerning Biblical accuracy and various interpolations. on the basis of what they just read (may have). So in closing let me affirm that the Bible as we have it today (I speak of course of the King James Version primarily) is 100% safe and trustworthy. is preserved in over 5. The New Testament. it is a stark fact that no two manuscripts agree in every detail. as I have said. however. as precisely as possible. didn’t get worn and wear out but was left undisturbed for centuries until discovered by someone.

that means Mark is even earlier. Having established that. And we can support that by looking at the book of Acts. which was written by Luke.” Under section: THE GOSPELS THEOLOGICAL AGENDA Page 33 “The standard scholarly dating. 17. 30 or 33. Blomberg’s books include Jesus and the Gospels.D. And since Luke incorporates parts of the gospel of Mark. What happens to Paul? We don’t find out from Acts. and commentaries on the gospel of Matthew and 1 Corinthians. probably because the book was written before Paul was put to death. Acts ends apparently unfinished – Paul is a central figure of the book. Let clear teachings illuminate unclear passages. sooner. The Eyewitness Evidence Can the Biographies of Jesus Be Trusted with Dr. Do not use historical narrative to develop doctrines. we’re talking about a maximum gap of thirty years or so. 37.First a little history of Dr. Don’t use a difficult passage to explain another difficult passage. which are called the four gospels. How Wide the Divide?.226 - . John in the 90’s. we can then move backward from there. and the Institute for Biblical Research. is Mark in the 70’s. Blomberg answered: “Yes. Interpreting the Parables. 21. earlier in his career). He contributed chapters on the historicity of the gospels to the book Reasonable Faith and the award-winning Jesus under Fire. He also helped edit volume six of Gospel Perspectives. we know that first part – the gospel of Luke . That means Acts cannot be dated any later than A. you end up with Mark written no later than about A.D. The Case Of Christ (1998) by Lee Strobel Part 1: Examining the Record Chapter 1. and he’s under house arrest in Rome. carefully measuring each word out of an apparent reluctance to tread even one nuance beyond where the evidence warrants. Craig Blomberg from Page 21 and 22 “Craig Blomberg is widely considered to be one of the country’s foremost authorities on the biographies of Jesus. which deals at length with the miracles of Jesus. maybe even the late 50’s. His memberships include the Society for the Study of the New Testament.” In response to this question: “You indicated that you believe they wee written sooner than the dates you mentioned. he taught mathematics too. Whenever a troublesome passage forces us to choose an interpretation that contradicts other Scripture. But listen: that’s still within the lifetimes of various eyewitnesses of the life of Jesus.16. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® . 38. 62. Blomberg speaks with the precision of a mathematician (yes.must have been written earlier than that. including hostile eyewitnesses who would served as a corrective if false teachings about Jesus were going around. If Jesus was put to death in A. Don’t build doctrines based on difficult passages. Matthew and Luke in the 80’s.” - What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. If you allow maybe a year for each of those. For the last dozen years (as of 1998) he has been a professor of New Testament at the highly respected Denver Seminary. not in the Scriptures or the Bible. Craig Blomberg Note by sda . Since Acts is the second of a two-part work. the problem probably lies with our interpretation. D. Society of Biblical Literature. 34. 33. 60. With that the book abruptly halts. Don’t bend and twist the meaning of the Biblical text to avoid an unpleasant conclusion. where he was part of an elite group of international scholars that produced a series of acclaimed works on Jesus. Don’t formulate doctrine on the basis of problem passages. even in very liberal circles.D. and he coauthored Introduction to Biblical Interpretation.” Dr. He received his doctorate in New Testament from Aberdeen University in Scotland. later serving as a senior research fellow at Tyndale House at Cambridge University in England.

a leading authority of textual authenticity said: It cannot be to strongly asserted that in substance the text of the Bible is certain: especially is this the case with the New Testament. 54 Josh McDowell. Th.Litt Executive Editor Edward E Hindson. Page 45 What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. The Scripture is both inerrant and infallible in its original writings. L. 151. Woodrow Michael Kroll.” One last word about our wonderful Bible. which is properly translated. John 8:17). (See Psalm 119:142. The number of manuscripts of the New Testament. John 17:17.D. and are not to be considered as part of the Word of God (refer to the marginal notes in any reference Bible). This can be said of no other ancient book in the world. especially compared with Alexander the Great. Infallibility means without error in a larger sense. From the book ‘DOCTRINES of the BIBLE’ ©1993 Word Aflame Press Editors J. Although no originals now exist. so we can have confidence that He has placed His hand of preservation upon His Word. and the blood: and the three agree in one.. altered or changed.8. and the water. through the many manuscripts – actually thousands – the originals are as visible as if they were before our very eyes. simply. Min. Bernard Section: THE BIBLE Page 49 –50 Under ‘G’: Inerrancy and Infallibility “Inerrancy means that the original autographs (manuscripts) of the Bible were without error. Like I said. D. 117:2) Sir Fredrick Kenyon. Neither word denies that there are variations and mistakes in various copies made since the originals. …there are three that bear record.. the concepts and accounts are correct. Th. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . that’s like a news flash!”53 A word about 1 John 5:6-8 Liberty Bible Commentary of the New Testament (1978) Jerry Falwell D.54 Page 72 Under ‘C’: Accuracy of our Old Testament “The reverence for the ‘holy writings’ by the ancients is well known. and the dedication of the copyists resulted in a Hebrew text today that compares will with the earliest manuscripts of the Old Testament. ‘agree’. God’s truth endures t o all generations. (See Psalm 100:5.D. 1972. D. General Editors Book of 1 John Page 727 Section: A. John’s three witnesses then are: ‘the spirit. 53 Interesting fact all the collected writings about Alexander the Great wasn’t even started to be written until 500 hundred years after his death and you can’t find anyone that would say those records and documents are false. and of quotations from it in the oldest writings of the church. Assurance of Victory 1 John 5:1-8 6. Hall and David K.227 - .Historically speaking.D. of early translations from it. D. is so large that it is practically certain that the true reading of every doubtful passage is preserved in some one of other of these ancient authorities. Only two or three witnesses were needed to establish the truth of a fact (Deut.” Interesting”. (San Bernardino: Campus Crusade for Christ. and they wrote it down as God inspired them. 19:15. “The rest of verse 7 and the first nine words of verse 8 are not original. ‘Agree in one’ is an idiom.) God gave people His holy Word. Evidence That Demands a Verdict.

it is possible to ascertain the original text. God has guided and preserved His Word in such a way that with every passing year new evidence is found to authenticate the existing New Testament. however. These caves yielded hundreds of manuscripts of which about 170 are Biblical. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Amazingly. quoting W. The closes one can come to the originals of most classical Greek works is many hundreds of years. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. and compare quite well with our Old Testament today. or edition.D. D. 4. They demonstrate the accuracy of our Old Testament.C. The important thing about these scrolls is that they substantiate our Bible text. History is not without its culprits. beginning in 1947. “The Old Testament Text in Antiquity.C. The similarities of some and the differences between others allow textual scholars to trace origins and categorize them into families.’55 One recension. There is an awe among them because of the great collection of New Testament texts so near to the dates of the originals. They span a time period of about three hundred years. There are two ‘main strands of Biblical recension in the Qumran scrolls. which is the text of the King James Version. It is with confidence that the most critical commentators recognize that the reproduction of the true Scripture is possible.com 55 Seigfried H.” Page73 Under ‘D’ Accuracy of our New Testament “The advantage of the New Testament textual study is comparison with that of the Old Testament is the number of existing manuscripts and older versions found in different parts of the world. New Light on Early Recension of the Hebrew Bible. which. Ashe Study The Word Apostolic Church® studythewordpublications@hotmail. F. Albright. had no early witness. scholars say that the time is so short as to be negligible.Until recently we possessed no copies of the Hebrew text earlier than the ninth century A.” My Personal Statements Of ‘Faith’ And ‘My Belief Concerning The Godhead’ By Elder S. D. The manuscripts vary in dates. Then. By comparisons of both internal and external evidences. Some of them made alterations under the cloak of ‘higher criticism. until their discovery. Because of such a minimal time lapse we can be confident of the authenticity and general integrity of the Bible. Some are said to be as old as the third century B. and this we were limited in our ability to compare texts and prove conclusively the accuracy of our Old Testament. discoveries near Qumran in certain caves in the Judean wilderness provided the greatest find of Bible manuscripts in recent times.’ and some miscopied and added exegetical notes because of their own views. Another miraculous factor is the dating of our earliest manuscripts so near to the time of the originals.228 - . Concerning the relatively short period of time from the writers of the New Testament to the earliest manuscripts we have in our possession today. This is not true of any other ancient extra biblical literature. and correlates with the Septuagint. is known as the Massoretic Text.” Ministry (November 1987).. Horn. The other type of text was in circulation in Egypt during the second and third centuries B.

Ashe and Study The Word Publications®. How-be-it there are many titles and various expressions of what God is called in the Bible there is only one family name that is above every other name or title in Heaven. on earth and under the earth that has been given to us to be called by. established denomination or religious sect. saved by and live by and it is that one name that we know as the ‘I am he’ and that is the name Jesus Christ. praying. writing. and the Holy Spirit/Ghost and I have no problem using those terms or titles at various times in teaching. D. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . any formal religion. John 1:1. Ashe) is held under copyright rules and regulations as well as the composition. 1 Timothy 3:16. D. duplicated. Xerox-copied or photocopied except for the purposes of study and research. This document may not be copied. or matter replicated. structure and style of this study/research document. the Son. or better yet. My final statement: The above material was published by 'Study The Word Publications® and is copyrighted by Elder S. any and all who are of the truth.229 - . or association with.My Personal Statement Of Faith© First and foremost I make no claim to. And so my Statement of Faith is as follows: I am Apostolic in Doctrine Acts 2:38-47 Pentecostal in Experience Acts 2:1-4 And Oneness in Belief Deuteronomy 6:4. ‘titles’ are expressions of the One God. Nor do I bind myself to any form of man-made religion or religious ideology. I do believe these 3 terms. layout. Colossians 2:9-10 My Personal Statement Of The Godhead© Let me first say that I do believe in the Father. editorial or information written by me (Elder S. and fellowship. ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------ Thank you for your love of truth and in following God's word 17 John 17:17 (KJV) Sanctify them through thy truth: thy word is truth. If any religion or denomination. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. reproduced. D. documentation or records are open to be used as such but any original writings. or in any way. form. Zechariah 14:9. but in modes or manifestations of His working. present and future. Also it may be used for 'winning souls'. Matthew 1:23. is similar in one or more areas that is purely coincidental howbeit I do worship with. commentary. presence and involvement with mankind past. 'teaching' and 'establishing saints' so they can be 'rooted and grounded in the faith'. not in ‘persons’. Any public information. preaching. or any other type of communications. There is only one God who is called by the title ‘Father’ and only one body/flesh of God called by the title ‘Son’ and only one indwelling Spirit of God called by the titles Comforter/Holy Ghost/Spirit. 14. guide and spiritual road map. I use only the Word Of God as my ‘Faith Belief Platform’ and adhere solely to the Bible as my foundation. form. etc.

geocities. Engagement Locations / dates and times or to request information on how to schedule a colloquium.spaces. Pastor of: Study The Word Apostolic Church® . D.com For your free personal copy of the ‘Bible Studies and Research Papers Catalog’ or for information about Abishai Ministries’. Abishai Ministries® a division of STWM . sales of printed materials and proceeds from public appearances and seminars. church. What About Matthew 28:19 What is the original wording of Matthew 28:19? © 2008 By Elder S. Book Signings. training center and focus group for the study of the written Word.com Study The Word Ministries® (STWM).com Abishai Ministries® and Study The Word Ministries® are non-profit ministries and are solely supported by donations.An Internet fellowship. D. E-mail: studythewordministries@hotmail. group or organization to be conducted in your area please send your request via email to: studythewordpublications@hotmail. Ashe Study The Word Ministries® Abishai Ministries® Study The Word Apostolic Church® Study The Word Publications® studythewordpublications@hotmail. over worked. contributions.html http://acts238elderashe.All rights reserved. seminar or meeting for your assembly.230 - .live.An Apostolic Christian Counseling and Recovery Ministry for tired.com www. stressed out and battle wearily saints of God.com/elder_ashe/One1. In Christ's Service Elder S. Ashe and Study The Word Publications® - . Teaching Schedules. congregation. ‘Study The Word Ministries’ or to inquire about our ‘Biblical Research Seminars’.A Biblical Research and Teaching Ministry. Personal Appearances.

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