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TOPIC 1: CONCEPTS OF ALGEBRA
Exercise 1.1

1. (a)
3 1
4( 2) 4( 2) x x
+
+ ÷
(b)
3 2
1 x x
÷
+


(c)
1 1
1
2( 1) 2( 1) x x
+ ÷
÷ +


2.
3 6 9
2( 1) 2 2( 3) x x x
÷ +
÷ ÷ ÷


3.
2
2 1
2( 2 2( 4)
x
x x
÷
÷
÷ +

TOPIC 3: MATRICES
Exercise 3.1

1. (a) 4 × 4 (b) elements of leading diagonal

(c) a
23
= 9

a
32
= 12

a
43
= 17

2. x = 4, y = 5, z = 0

3.
6
(a) 7
2
| |
|
|
|
\ .
8 0 5
(b) 0 2 7
2 5 9
| |
|
|
|
\ .

 ANSWERS

186
4.
2 3 4
(a) 3 2 2
7 3 3
| |
|
÷
|
|
÷
\ .
7 6 10
(b) 2 1 10
15 11 10
| |
|
÷
|
|
÷
\ .


7 3 2
(c) 15 11 16
4 12 9
÷ ÷
| |
|
÷ ÷
|
|
÷
\ .


5. (a) 5

(b)
1 2
2 4
| |
|
\ .

(c) ( ) ac bd +

(d)
ac ad
bc bd
| |
|
\ .

(e) 0

(f) 0

6.
16 16 14
0 2 5
| |
|
\ .

7. (a) (b)
a b c a b c
d e f d e f
g h i g h i
| | | |
| |
| |
| |
\ . \ .

8.
3 0 0 2 0 0
( ) 3 3 0 0 2 0
10 1 6 0 0 2
A B C AC
| | |
|
+ = =
|
|
÷
\ . \
|
|
|
|
.
ANSWERS 
187

1
5 7 1
2 2 2
3 4 1
15 21 5
2 2 2
A
÷
÷ ÷
| |
|
|
= ÷
|
|
÷ |
\ .
÷
|
|
.
|
|
.
|
|
.


9. A
5
=
1 6 1 6 1 6 1 6 1 6
1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4 1 4
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
| || || || || |
| | | | |
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
\ .\ .\ .\ .\ .
=
1 6 1 6 1 6 5 18
1 4 1 4 1 4 3 10
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
| || || ||
| | |
÷ ÷ ÷ ÷
\ .\ .\ .\
=
1 6 1 6 13 42
1 4 1 4 7 22
÷ ÷ ÷
| || ||
| |
÷ ÷ ÷
\ .\ .\
=
1 6 29 90
1 4 15 46
÷ ÷
| ||
|
÷ ÷
\ .\
=
61 186
31 94
÷
| |
|
÷
\ .
TOPIC 4: SYSTEM OF EQUATIONS
Exercise 4.1

1.
2 3
(a)
3 5
x x
y y
| || | |
=
| |
\ .\ . \
|
|
.
(b)
'
'
'
4 -2 1
-2 1 6
1 -3 2
x x
y y
z z
| || | |
| |
=
| |
| |
\ .\ . \
|
|
|
|
.


2. k = 0

3.
1 1
2 1 1 1
5 5 5 5
3 1 3 2
10 10 5 5
A B
÷ ÷
| | | |
| |
= = | |
÷ ÷
| |
| |
\ . \ .


 ANSWERS

188

7 1
1 1
5 5
(a) (b)
3 2 3 1
10 5
2 2
C D
x y
| |
|
÷
| |
= = |
|
÷ ÷ ÷
| \ .
|
\ .
= ÷ =


4.
21 0 0
| |
21 0 0
| |
0 21 0
0 0 21
AB
|
=
|
|
\ .
0 21 0
0 0 12
AB
|
=
|
|
\ .
1
11 3 13
21 7 21
2 1
0
3 3
2 1 3
7 7 7
A
÷
÷ ÷
| |
|
|
|
=
|
|
÷
|
|
\ .


3 2 a b c = ÷ = =1
2 0 0
| |

5. 0 2 0
0 0 2
AB
|
=
|
|
\ .
1
1 3 1
2 5 2
1 5 1
2 2 2
1 1 1
2 2 2
A
÷
÷
| |
|
|
÷ ÷
|
=
|
|
÷ ÷
|
|
\ .


x = –3 y = 1 z = –2

6. (i)
3 2 11
;
2 1 12
x
y
÷
| || | |
=
| |
\ .\ . \
|
|
.

5
;
2
x
y
| | | |
=
| |
\ . \ .



ANSWERS 
189
(ii)
1 1 1 6
1 2 1 2 ;
0 1 1 1
x
y
z
| || | |
| |
=
| |
| |
\ .\ . \
|
|
|
|
.

1
4
3
x
y
z
| | | |
| |
=
| |
| |
÷
\ . \ .


(iii)
4 3 2 7
1 1 0 5
3 0 1 4
x
y
z
÷
| || |
| |
=
| |
| |
\ .\ .
;
| |
|
|
|
\ .

0
5 ;
4
x
y
z
| | | |
| |
=
| |
| |
\ . \ .

7. Inverse matrix =
4 8 4
16 16 16
3 2 3
8 8 8
9 6 1
8 8 8
÷ ÷
| |
|
|
÷
|
|
|
÷ ÷
|
|
\ .


x = 1 y = 4 z = –2
TOPIC 5: SEQUENCES AND SERIES
Exercise 5.1

1. (a) S
20
= 2020

(b) 425 is not one of the term in the sequence.

2.
1
2
r = ±

 ANSWERS

190
3. y = 5

4. U
8
+ U
9
+ ... + U
20
= 819

5. a = 54, U
3
+ U
4
+ U
5
=
14
3


6. n = 38
TOPIC 6: FUNCTIONS
Exercise 6.1

1. A = {2, 4, 6, 8, 10}
B = {4, 8, 12, 16, 20}
H : B ÷ A

(a)

4
8
12
16
20
2
4
6
8
10

is multiple of

(b) H = {4,2), (8,2), (12,2), (16,2), (20,2), (4,4), (8,4), (12,4), (16,4), (20,4),
(12,6), (8,8), (16,8), (20,10)}

H = {(x,y) : x e B, y e A and x = y • a with a e Z
+
}








ANSWERS 
191
(c) Graf Cartesian

Y
X
10
8
8 12 16 20
6
4
4
2


2. (i) Relation one to many
(ii) Relation many to many
(ii) Relation many to one

Exercise 6.2

1. (i) 3 (ii) –1 (iii) 2

(iv) 7 (v) 10 (vi) 3

2. (i) ( )
3
3 ( ) 2 f g x x x + = + + (ii)
3
2 3
( )
f x
x
g x
| | +
=
|
\ .


(iii) 2x
3
+ 3 (iv) (2x + 3)
3
(v) 4x + 9

3. (i) x – 4 (ii)
2
4 x ÷

4. (i)
5
( )
( ) 8 3
g x x
f x x
=
= ÷
(ii)
1
( )
( ) 8 3
g x
x
f x x
=
= ÷
(iii)
4
( )
2 1
( )
2 1
g x x
x
f x
x
=
+
=
÷



 ANSWERS

192
5. (i) Yes (ii) No (iii) No

6. (i)
1
( ) 3 9 f x x
÷
= + (ii)
1 3
( ) 1 f x x
÷
= ÷ (iii)
1
6
( )
2
x
f x
÷
+
=

Exercise 6.3

1. Figure 1 – This relation is not a function because there is an object with two
images

Figure 2 – This relation is not a function because there is an object with two
images

Figure 3 – This relation is a function–relation many to one and all objects
have images

2. (i) –6 (true) (ii) –2 ≠ –22 (false)

(iii) –5 (true) (iv) –h
2
– 8h – 13 (false)

3. (i)
3
( ) f x x =




For this equation, each object of f has one and only one image. Thus,
this equation is a function. The domain of f is the set of all real
numbers.

(ii)
1
( ) f x
x
=

For this equation, we cannot find the square root of a negative number.
Hence,
1
( ) f x
x
= is defined (exists) only for values of
x ≥ 0. It is clear that each object of f has one and only one image. Thus,
this equation is a function. The domain of f is {x = x > 0}.

(iii) y
2
= 2x

If simplify y
2
= 2x

ANSWERS 
193
It is clear that this equation (y) has two images for each value of x for
example

2, 2(2) 2 x y y = = ± => = ±

Hence, y
2
= 2x is not a function.

(iv)
1
1
y
x
=
+


For this equation, y is defined only for all real numbers except for
when k = –1. When x = –1, the denominator of
1
1 x +
will equal to zero.
Since division by zero is undefined, the natural domain of ( ) f x is the
set of all real numbers except –1 or {x : x e R, x ≠ –1}.

4. (i) 81 (ii) 5 (iii)
25
36
(iv)
1
36


5.
2
4
16 16 4
h
h h
÷ ÷
+ +

TOPIC 7: LINEAR FUNCTIONS
Exercise 7.1

1. (i)
x -3 -2 -1
-1 1
0
0 F(x)
5
4
3
2
1
-1
-1
-2
-2
-3
-3 1 2 3 4


1 2
2 3 4









 ANSWERS

194
(ii)



x -2 -1
-1 -3
0 1
1 3 F(x)
f(x) = -2x-1
5
4
3
2
1
-1
-1
-2
-2
-3
-4
-3 1 2 3 4
-5
2






2.
4
-4
3
-3
2
-2
1
1 2
x
h(x) = -2x
f(x) = x
g(x) = 2x
k(x) = 2x = +3
-1















3. ( ) f x = ax + b
Given
3
4
a = , and b = 2
Hence,
3
( ) 2
4
f x x = +

ANSWERS 
195

5
4
3
2
1
1
-1
-2
-3
-4
2 3 4
f(x) = 3x + 2
4
x


(i) b = –4
a = 5

Given ( ) f x = 5x – 4
Hence, (5) f = 21

(ii) a =
2 1
,
5 5
b ÷ =
6

( ) f x =
2 1
5 5
x ÷ +
6

Hence,
6
(5)
5
f =

(iii) a =
3 7
,
2 2
b ÷ =
( ) f x =
3 7
2 2
x +
Hence, (5) f = 11

5. m = 2, ( ) f x = 2a + b, b is a constant.





 ANSWERS

196
Exercise 7.2

1. Coordinate of the vertex of the parabola
(a)
2
3 y x =
Vertex (0,0)

(b)
2
5 y x = +
Vertex (0,5)


(c)
2
3 ( 4) y x = ÷
Vertex (4,0)


(d)
2
4( 2) 1 y x = ÷ ÷ +
Vertex (2,1)


2. ( ) f x = –2x
2
+ 8x + 1


(0,1)
Vertex (2,9)
(4,1)
x
0 1 2 3 4
f(x) 1 7 9 7 1


3.
2 2
1 1
(i) ( ) (ii) ( )
12 8 2 2
f x x f x x x = =
1 1
÷ ÷ ÷




ANSWERS 
197
4. (i) y = ( ) f x = (x – 3)
2
+ 5
(a) the vertex of the parabola is (3,5)
(b) the equation if the symmetric axis is x = 3
(c) the domain is ( ) f x ≥ 5
(d) the range of the function is all real numbers

(ii) y = ( ) f x = –(x – 3)
2
+ 5
(a) the vertex of the parabola is (3,5)
(b) the equation if the symmetric axis is x = 3
(c) the domain is real numbers
(d) the range of the function is ( ) f x ≤ 5

(iii) y = ( ) f x = 2(x + 1)
2
– 3
(a) the vertex of the parabola is (–1,–3)
(b) the equation if the symmetric axis is x = –1
(c) the domain is real numbers
(d) the range of the function is ( ) f x ≥ –3

(iv) y = ( ) f x = –2(x – 1)
2
+ 3
(a) the vertex of the parabola is (1,3)
(b) the equation if the symmetric axis is x = 1
(c) the domain is real numbers
(d) the range of the function is ( ) f x ≤ 3

(v)
2
( 2)
( ) 4
4
x
y f x
+
= = ÷
(a) the vertex of the parabola is (–2,–4)
(b) the equation if the symmetric axis is x = –2
(c) the domain is real numbers
(d) the range of the function is ( ) f x ≥ –4
 ANSWERS

198
5. (a) ( ) f x = (x + 1)
2
– 2
(i) The coordinate of the vertex (–1,–2)
(ii) The equation of the symmetric axis x = –1
(iii) The y intercept is –1

(b) ( ) f x = –(x – 2)
2
+ 3
(i) The coordinate of the vertex (2,3)
(ii) The equation of the symmetric axis x = 2
(iii) The y intercept is –1

(c) ( ) f x = 3(x + 1)
2
– 6
(i) The coordinate of the vertex (–1,–6)
(ii) The equation of the symmetric axis x = –1
(iii) The y intercept is –3

6. (a) a = –2 (b) k = 3
TOPIC 8: RATIO AND RADICAL FUNCTIONS
Exercise 8.1

1. (a)














4
4 2 0
2
-2
-4
x
y
f(x) =
1
x
2 4
g(x) =
1
x + 2
ANSWERS 
199
(b)












(c)












2. (a)














4
2
0
-2
-2 -4
-4
f(x) =
1
x
2 4
g(x) =
1
2x
x
y
-4 -2 2 0
x
y
1
2
3
4
5
f(x) =
1
x
2
4
g(x) =
1
(x - 3)
2
4
2
-2
-4
-6
-8
y
-2 -4 -6 -8
x
Asymptotes: x = –4, y = –2

Domain: all the real
numbers x except x = –4

Range: all real numbers y
except y = –2
 ANSWERS

200
(b)











Exercise 8.2

1. (i)











(ii)













4
2
0
-2
-4
2
y
-2 -4
x
4

Domain: all the real
numbers x except x = –1

Range: all real numbers
Asymptotes: x = –1,
y = –2
y > –2
3
2
2 4
1
0
-1
-2
x
6 8 10
f(x) =
x

x
-2 g(x) =
2 4
0
-0.5
-1
-1.5
-2
-2.5
-3
f(x) =
6 8 10
x
x ÷
2 ÷ ÷ x
g(x) =
ANSWERS 
201
(iii)











(iv)













2.














6
5
4
3
2
1
0 2 4 6
x
8 10
f(x) = x
g(x) = x 2
5
4
3
y
2
1
-3 -2 -1
0
1 2
g(x) =
x 3 4 5
2
1
+ x
f(x) =
x
1
-1
-2 2
3
-1 1 5
 ANSWERS

202
TOPIC 9: EXPONENTIAL AND LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS
Exercise 9.1

1. (a)













5
4
3
y
2
1
-3 -2 -1
0
1 2
x
e y =
= y
x
3 4 5
2 ÷ x
e


(b)












2
1
0
-1
-2
-3
-4
-5
2 4
x
6 8 10
y = ln x
y =
2
x ln
ANSWERS 
203
(c)



-10 -8 -6 -4 -2
0
2
-2
-4
y = ) ln( x ÷
2 4 6
x
8 10
y = x ln








(d)
=
x
e y
x
e y =
2 +









8
6
4
2
-2 -1
0
1
x
2
x
e y
÷
÷ =
x
e y
÷
÷ =1


(e)












3
2
1
-1
-2
y
-3
-4
-5
-3 -2 -1 1
x
2 3
 ANSWERS

204
(f)
x
e y
÷
÷ =1
2
1
x
e y
÷
÷ =










2. (a) x > 4
(b) all the real numbers
(c) x > 0

3. 3
TOPIC 10: TRIGONOMETRY FUNCTIONS
Exercise 10.1

1. (a) 270° (b) 30° (c) 240°

2. (a)
6
t
(b)
4
t
(c)
2
3
t


3. (a) positive (b) positive (c) positive

4. (a) 0.8660254 (b) 1.0030922 (c) 12.745495

5. (a)




(b)



2
1
0
-1
-2
y
-3
-4
-5
-3 -2 -1 1 2
x
3
13
6
Anticlockwise
-3 Clockwise
ANSWERS 
205
6. (a)
3
2
(b)
3
2
÷ (c)
1
2
÷ (d)
1
2


7. 15.43 rad/sec

8. 11.43 cm

9.
5
,
6 6
x
t t
=

x =
1
2
10. cos tan x

sin
cos
cos
x
x
x
| |
|
\ .
=
1
2

x =
1
2
sin
x = 45 , 135 ° °

186

ANSWERS

4.

(a)

 2 3 4    3 2 2   7 3 3    2   7 3    15 11 16   4 12 9   

(b)

6 10  7    2 1 10  15 11 10   

(c)

5.

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f)

5 1 2    2 4

 ac  bd 
 ac ad     bc bd  0 0

6.

16 16 14    0 2 5
a  d g 

b e h

7.

(a)

c  f i 

(b)

a  d g 

b e h

c  f i 

8.

 3 0 0   A( B  C )   3 3 0   10 1 6   

2 0 0   AC   0 2 0  0 0 2  

ANSWERS  187  5  2  A1   3  15   2 9.1 1.  2 3  x   x  (a)        3 5  y   y  k0 1  2  5 5 A1     3 1     10 10  (b)  4 -2 1  x   x '        -2 1 6  y    y '   1 -3 2  z   z '       2. 3. 7 2 4 21 2 1  2   1  5   2   1 6   1 6   1 6   1 6   1 6  A5         1 4   1 4   1 4   1 4   1 4   1 6   1 6   1 6   5 18         1 4   1 4   1 4   3 10   1 6   1 6   13 42        1 4   1 4   7 22   1 6   29 90       1 4   15 46   61 186      31 94  TOPIC 4: SYSTEM OF EQUATIONS Exercise 4. 1 5 B 1   3  5 1  5   2   5  .

 21 0 0    AB   0 21 0   0 0 21    21 0 0    AB   0 21 0   0 0 12     11  21  2 1 A   3   2   7 3 7 0 1 7 13  21   1  3   3   7  a  3 b2 c 1  1  2  1 1 A   2   1  2  3 5 5 2 1 2 1  2   1  2   1  2   5. 2 0 0   AB   0 2 0  0 0 2   x  –3 6. (i) y1 z  –2  3 2   x   11       .  y   2 .  2 1   y  12   x  5     .188  ANSWERS (a)  7  5 C   3   10 x  2 1  5   2   5  (b)  1 1  D   3 1  y2 4.

2. x1 y4 z  –2 TOPIC 5: SEQUENCES AND SERIES Exercise 5.  z   4      4  16  3 Inverse matrix    8   9   8 8 16 2 8 6 8 4  16   3  8   1   8  7.  0 1 1  z   1        x  1       y   4   z   3       4 3 2  x   7       (iii)  1 1 0  y    5  .ANSWERS  189 (ii)  1 1 1  x   6        1 2 1  y    2  .  3 0 1  z   4        x  0      y    5. r 1 2 .1 1. (a) S20 = 2020 (b) 425 is not one of the term in the sequence.

4).4).190  ANSWERS 3. A  {2. (20.4). 12. 6. y=5 U8 + U9 + . (16. (12.4). (4. 4.2)..2).6). (20. y A and x  y • a with a Z+} .1 1. (8.4). (16. 8.2). 10} B  {4. (12. U3 + U4 + U5 = n = 38 14 3 TOPIC 6: FUNCTIONS Exercise 6. 16.2).8).y) : x B.2). 20} H:B (a) 4 8 12 16 20 A is multiple of 2 4 6 8 10 (b) H  {4.10)} H  {(x. (8. (12. 6. + U20 = 819 a = 54. 4. 5. (8. (20..8). (16. 8.

(i) ( f  g )( x)  x 3  2 x  3 (iii) 2x3  3 3. (i) (ii) (iii) g ( x)  x 4 2x 1 f ( x)  2x 1 . (i) x–4 g ( x)  x5 f ( x)  8 x  3 (iv) (2x  3)3 (ii) x2  4 g ( x)  1 x f ( x)  8 x  3 4.2 1. (i) (ii) Relation one to many Relation many to many (ii) Relation many to one Exercise 6. (i) 3 (ii) (v) –1 10 (ii) (iii) 2 (vi) 3  f  2x  3   ( x)  x3 g (v) 4x  9 (iv) 7 2.ANSWERS  191 (c) Graf Cartesian Y 10 8 6 4 2 X 4 8 12 16 20 2.

this equation is a function. each object of f has one and only one image. It is clear that each object of f has one and only one image.3 1. (i) –6 (true) (ii) –2 ≠ –22 (false) (iii) –5 (true) 3.192  ANSWERS 5. (ii) f ( x)  1 x For this equation. The domain of f is the set of all real numbers. 1 is defined (exists) only for values of Hence. this equation is a function. The domain of f is {x  x > 0}. (i) f ( x)  x3 (iv) –h2 – 8h – 13 (false) For this equation. Thus. (iii) y2  2x If simplify y2  2x . we cannot find the square root of a negative number. 6. f ( x)  x x ≥ 0. Figure 1 – This relation is not a function because there is an object with two images Figure 2 – This relation is not a function because there is an object with two images Figure 3 – This relation is a function–relation many to one and all objects have images 2. (i) (i) Yes f 1 ( x)  3 x  9 (ii) (ii) No (iii) No f 1 ( x)  3 x  1 (iii) f 1 ( x)  x6 2 Exercise 6. Thus.

the natural domain of f ( x) is the set of all real numbers except –1 or {x : x  R. When x  –1.1 1. 4. y   2(2)  y  2 Hence. the denominator of x 1 Since division by zero is undefined. y2  2x is not a function. x ≠ –1}. (iv) y 1 x 1 For this equation.ANSWERS  193 It is clear that this equation (y) has two images for each value of x for example x  2. (i) 5 4 3 2 1 -3 -2 -1 -1 -2 -3 1 2 3 4 x F(x) -3 -1 -2 0 -1 1 0 2 1 3 2 4 . (i) 81 (ii) 5 (iii) 25 36 (iv) 1 36 5. when k  –1. 4  h 16  16h  4h 2 TOPIC 7: LINEAR FUNCTIONS Exercise 7. y is defined only for all real numbers except for 1 will equal to zero.

k(x) = 2x = +3 g(x) = 2x f(x) = x 4 3 2 1 1 2 -1 -2 -3 -4 x h(x) = -2x 3.194  ANSWERS (ii) 5 4 3 2 1 -3 -2 -1 -1 -2 -3 -4 1 2 3 4 f(x) = -2x-1 x F(x) -2 3 -1 1 0 -1 1 -3 2 -5 2. and b  2 4 3 x2 4 Hence. f ( x)  . f ( x)  ax  b Given a  3 .

f (5)  6 5 (iii) 3 7 a   . b 2 2  f ( x)  3 7 x 2 2 Hence. m  2. b 5 5 2 16  f ( x)   x  5 5 Hence. f (5)  11 5.ANSWERS  195 5 4 3 2 1 f(x) = 3x + 2 4 x 1 2 3 4 -1 -2 -3 -4 (i) b  –4 a5 Given f ( x)  5x – 4 Hence. b is a constant. f (5)  21 (ii) 2 16 a   .  f ( x)  2a  b. .

Coordinate of the vertex of the parabola (a) y  3x 2 (b) y  x2  5 Vertex (0.5) Vertex (0. (i) f ( x)  1 2 x 12 (ii) 1 1 1 f ( x)   x 2  x  8 2 2 .1) (4.2 1.0) (c) 3 y  ( x  4) 2 (d) y  4( x  2) 2  1 Vertex (2.196  ANSWERS Exercise 7. f ( x)  –2x2  8x  1 Vertex (2.9) x f(x) 0 1 1 7 2 9 3 7 4 1 (0.0) 2.1) Vertex (4.1) 3.

3) the equation if the symmetric axis is x  1 the domain is real numbers the range of the function is f ( x) ≤ 3 ( x  2) 2 4 4 y  f ( x)  (a) (b) (c) (d) the vertex of the parabola is (–2.–4) the equation if the symmetric axis is x  –2 the domain is real numbers the range of the function is f ( x) ≥ –4 . (i) y  f ( x)  (x – 3)2  5 (a) (b) (c) (d) the vertex of the parabola is (3.ANSWERS  197 4.–3) the equation if the symmetric axis is x  –1 the domain is real numbers the range of the function is f ( x) ≥ –3 (iv) y  f ( x)  –2(x – 1)2  3 (a) (b) (c) (d) (v) the vertex of the parabola is (1.5) the equation if the symmetric axis is x  3 the domain is real numbers the range of the function is f ( x) ≤ 5 (iii) y  f ( x)  2(x  1)2 – 3 (a) (b) (c) (d) the vertex of the parabola is (–1.5) the equation if the symmetric axis is x  3 the domain is f ( x) ≥ 5 the range of the function is all real numbers (ii) y  f ( x)  –(x – 3)2  5 (a) (b) (c) (d) the vertex of the parabola is (3.

(a) f ( x)  (x  1)2 – 2 (i) (ii) The coordinate of the vertex (–1.1 1.–2) The equation of the symmetric axis x  –1 (iii) The y intercept is –1 (b) f ( x)  –(x – 2)2  3 (i) (ii) The coordinate of the vertex (2.–6) The equation of the symmetric axis x  –1 (iii) The y intercept is –3 6. (a) a  –2 (b) k3 TOPIC 8: RATIO AND RADICAL FUNCTIONS Exercise 8.198  ANSWERS 5.3) The equation of the symmetric axis x  2 (iii) The y intercept is –1 (c) f ( x)  3(x  1)2 – 6 (i) (ii) The coordinate of the vertex (–1. (a) 4 y 2 1 f(x) = x 4 1 g(x) = x + 2 2 0 2 x 4 -2 -4 .

3)2 g(x) = -4 -2 0 2 x 4 2. y = –2 Domain: all the real numbers x except x = –4 Range: all real numbers y except y = –2 .ANSWERS  199 (b) 4 y 2 1 f(x) = x 2 x 1 g(x) = 2x 4 -4 -2 0 -2 -4 (c) 5 4 1 f(x) = x2 y 2 1 3 1 (x . (a) x -4 4 2 -2 -2 -4 y -6 -8 -8 -6 Asymptotes: x = –4.

2 1. (i) 3 f(x) = 2 x g(x) = 1 x -2 0 2 4 x 6 8 10 -1 -2 (ii) 2 0 -0.200  ANSWERS (b) 4 y 2 Asymptotes: x  –1. y  –2 Domain: all the real numbers x except x  –1 Range: all real numbers y > –2 -4 -2 0 2 x 4 -2 -4 Exercise 8.5 -3 .5 -2 f(x) = 4 x 6 8 10 g(x) =  x2  x -2.5 -1 -1.

ANSWERS  201 (iii) 6 5 4 3 2 1 f(x) = g(x) = 2 x x 0 2 4 x 6 8 10 (iv) 5 4 3 y 2 g(x) = 1 x2 -2 -1 f(x) = 1 1 x -3 0 1 2 x 3 4 5 2. 3 -2 -1 -1 1 2 5 .

(a) 5 4 y  ex 3 y 2 y  e x2 1 -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 x 3 4 5 (b) 2 1 2 0 -1 -2 -3 -4 -5 4 x 6 8 10 y = ln x y= ln x 2 .202  ANSWERS TOPIC 9: EXPONENTIAL AND LOGARITHMIC FUNCTIONS Exercise 9.1 1.

ANSWERS  203 (c) y= -10 2 ln(  x ) -8 -6 -4 -2 0 2 4 x 6 y = ln x 8 10 -2 -4 (d) 8 6 y  ex  2 y  ex 4 2 -2 -1 0 1 x 2 (e) 3 2 1 -3 -2 -1 1 x 2 3 x y  1  ex y  e -1 -2 y -3 -4 -5 .

3 TOPIC 10: TRIGONOMETRY FUNCTIONS Exercise 10. 2.0030922 13 6 Anticlockwise (b) -3 Clockwise . 5.8660254  4 positive 1. (a) (b) (c) x>4 all the real numbers x>0 3.1 1. 4. (a) (a) (a) (a) (a) 270° (b) (b) (b) (b) 30° (c) (c) (c) (c) 240° 2 3 positive 12.745495  6 positive 0. 3.204  ANSWERS (f) -3 -2 -1 2 1 1 0 -1 -2 y -3 x 2 3 y  1 e  x 2 y  1 e x -4 -5 2.

135 . 8. 9.43 cm x  5 6 . (a) 3 2 (b)  3 2 (c)  1 2 (d) 1 2 7. cos x tan x   sin x  cos x     cos x  sin x  x  45. 15.43 rad/sec 11. 6 1 2 1 2 1 2 10.ANSWERS  205 6.

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