T-Carrier, DSL, and SONET Types and WAN Characteristics

T-Carrier Types and Characteristics Digital Signal (DS) Level DS0 DS1 DS1C DS2 DS3 DS4 DSL Types and Characteristics DSL Type ADSL G.Lite HDSL SDSL VDSL SONET Types and OC Levels OC Level OC1 OC3 OC12 OC24 OC48 OC96 OC192 OC768 WAN Technology Comparison Table WAN Technology PSTN (Dial-up) X.25 Frame Relay ISDN

T-Carrier Name ± T1 T1C T2 T3 T4

Number of Channels 1 24 24 96 672 4,032

Throughput (Mbps) 0.064 1.544 3.152 6.312 44.736 274.176

Max Downs tream Capacity ( Mbps) 8 1.544 1.544 or 2.0 1.544 or 2.048 48 1.544 1.544 13, 25.9, or 1.6, 3.2, or 6.4 51.8

Max Upstrea m Capacity (Mb ps) 1 0.512

Max Distance to POP (feet) 18,000 25,000 12,000 9,000 1,000±5,000

Throughput ( Mbps) 51.84 155.52 622 1,244 2,480 4,976 9,953 39,813

Availability High Low Medium

Throughput 56 Kbps 64 Kbps to 2.048 Mbps 45 Mbps 64 Kbps (BRI) to 1.544 Mbps (PRI) 64 Kbps to 45 Mbps Low

Reliability

Security Low Medium Medium

Cost Very Low Low Medium

Medium Medium

Medium T-carrier (Fractional T1 to T3)

Medium

Medium

Low

High

Medium

Medium

Medium

544 Mbps to 52 Mbps 36 (down).6 Gbps Medium Medium Low to Medium Low to Medium High Medium Medium Low Medium Medium High High High Low Medium Medium High High High High Medium .DSL Medium to High Medium to High Cable SONET ATM* FDDI* VPN FAST High High Medium High None 1. 10 (up) Mbp s 51 Mbps to 39 Gbps 9953 Mbps 100 Mbps <56 Kbps 8.

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