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Midterm Study Guide

Midterm Study Guide

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Published by: lindsey2a on Jan 23, 2012
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Name ______________ Date ________ Per ____ Midterm Study Guide Midterm format- 60 multiple choice, 3 short answer

, primary source interpretation, maps Use these study guide terms to either create flashcards or answer on a separate sheet of paper. Important People- What is the historical significance of these people? Renaissance+ Protestant Age of Exploration Reformation Prester John Johannes Gutenberg Prince Henry the Navigator Martin Luther Francisco Pizarro John Calvin Hernando Cortez King Henry VIII Empires AkbarBaburAurangzeb Sulieman the Magnificent Hongwu Zheng He Kangxi Tokugawa Ieyasu Commodore Mathew Perry Montezuma Terms- Define Middle Ages Dark Ages Feudalism Crusades Bubonic Plague Absolutism King Louis XIV French Revolution King Louis XVI Marie Antoinette Marat Robespierre

Protestant Reformation Indulgences Simony 95 Theses Predestination Catholic Reformation/Counter Reformation Inquisition Council of Trent Jesuits Calvinism, Lutheranism, Anglicanism

Renaissance City-states Vanishing point Classics Individualism Humanism Secular Patron Perspective Chiaroscuro Age of Exploration
3 Gs Caravel Gunpowder Astrolabe Compass Treaty of Tordesillas Columbian Exchange Mercantilism Middle Passage Old World & New World Triangle Trade PeninsularesCreolesMestizos-

Mulattoes – SlavesEncomienda

Empires Accomplishments Mughal’s ToleranceMughal’s Taj Mahal Ming’s Great WallMing’s Examination SystemQing’s Banner SystemQing’s Dual SystemOttoman’s ToleranceOttoman’s JanissariesAztec CalendarAztec TenochtitlanInca Machu PicchuInca Road SystemTokugawa’s Bushido Confucianism impact on Ming, Qing, Tokugawa Fall-explain these terms and how they relate to the fall of a specific empire Manchu InvasionMeiji RestorationOpium WarsBritish InvasionLoss of WWISmall poxConquistadorsSocial pyramid of the Tokugawa • (emperor, shogun, daimyo, peasants, merchants) Enlightenment
English Civil War against Charles I Glorious Revolution Scientific Revolution Copernicus Galileo Newton Philosophes Salon Thomas Hobbes John Locke Montesquieu Rousseau Voltaire Wollstonecraft Beccaria Natural rights Social contract Deism

Absolutism Divine Right Sun King Palace of Versailles Etiquette Apollo Intendants Centralization Palace of Versailles Revoking the Edict of Nantes

French Revolution Estates General National Assembly Tennis Court Oath Declaration of the Rights of Man Storming of the Bastille Great Fear Reign of Terror Guillotine Dechristianization 1st Estate 2nd Estate 3rd Estate Old Regime

3 branches of government Types of Government –Define each type and explain which time period it most relates to.

Feudalism City-states Absolute Monarchy Constitutional Monarchy Representative Democracy Direct Democracy Important Dates

Middle Ages – approximately 450-1350: starts with the invasion of Rome, ends with the start of the Renaissance in Italy Renaissance- approximately 1350-1650 starts with city-states in Italy, ends with the Scientific Revolution the English Civil War against Charles I and Enlightenment. • Columbus discovery of the New World 1492 • Martin Luther’s posting on the 95 theses in 1517 Enlightenment – approximately 1700s, starts with the Scientific Revolution and English Civil War, ends with the Industrial Revolution. Open-ended questions: (1) What caused Europe to transition from the “Dark Ages” to the Renaissance? (2) Why did the Renaissance begin in Italy? Describe the political, economic, religious, and social reasons. (3) How did art change in the Renaissance? Discuss realism, individualism, secular thought, and nudes. (4) Why and how did church power weaken during the Renaissance? (5) Describe the political, economic, religious, and social causes of the Protestant Reformation. (6) What are the fundamental differences between Catholicism and Protestantism? (7) What motivated Europeans to explore? (8) How was the Age of Exploration possible only with Eastern influence? (9) How was slavery in Africa different than slavery in the New World? (10) How did the colonization of the New World affect the globe? (11) How did the empires maintain control of their empires? (12) Give examples of how isolationism & internal decay, outside invasion, and civil war can lead to an empire’s decline. (13) What 3 groups of people were left behind in the Enlightenment? (14) Describe 3 examples of the phrase “absolute power corrupts absolutely”.

Instructions for Map : Label the 4 oceans & 7 continents, Mediterranean Sea, Caribbean Sea

Maps- NonEuropean Empires (Ming, Qing, Tokugawa, Aztec, Inca, Ottoman)

Map- Modern European Nations Label: Portugal, Spain, England, France, Netherlands, Italy, Greece

Title _______________________

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