2008-03

Security Level: Internal Use

HUAWEI GSM DBS3900 Hardware Structure

www.huawei.com

HUAWEI Confidential

DBS3900 is a distributed BTS solution developed by Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd. Its baseband part and radio part can be installed independently so that it can be used to various environments with wide coverage and low cost.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

Page 2

 Know the functions and features of DBS3900  Master the Hardware structure and function of DBS3900  Familiar with the Typical configuration and cable

connection of DBS3900 
Master the Network topologies of DBS3900

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

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Chapter 1 DBS3900 Hardware Structure Chapter 2 DBS3900 Typical Configuration

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

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Abbreviation
RRU BBU GTMU UPEA BSBC UBFA UEIU UELP UFLP CPRI APM IBBS OFB Remote Radio unit Base Band unit Transmission& Timing& Management Unit for BBU Universal power and Environment interface unit Type A (-48v) Universal BBU Subrack Backplane Type C (2U) Universal BBU Fan Unit Type A (2U) Universal Environment Interface unit Universal E1/T1 Lighting Protection unit Universal FE/GE Lighting Protection unit Common Protocol Radio Interface Advanced Power Module Integrated Backup Battery System Outdoor Facility Box

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

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. HUAWEI Confidential Page 6 .Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure Sector 4 DBS3900 Typical Scenario HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd.

DBS3900   The DBS3900 consists of the BBU3900 and the RRU3004. Ltd. It provides physical interfaces for connection with the BSC and RRU. The BBU3900 is an indoor baseband unit. It processes baseband signals and RF signals. The RRU3004 is an outdoor remote RF unit. HUAWEI Confidential Page 7 .. It performs centralized management (OM and signaling processing) of the entire base station system and provides reference clock for the system. RRU3004 RRU3004 RRU3004   BBU3900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. The Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) and Man-Machine Interactive (MMI) can implement the maintenance of the DBS3900 through the BBU3900.

APM30 Overview  The APM30 provides ±48 V DC power and power backup for the distributed base stations and mini base stations. Space for batteries (3U) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.. Filler panel(1U) 2. DC PDU(2U) 4~8. It also performs functions such as battery management and monitoring. 1. Filler Panel(1U) 9. Power sub-rack (3 U) 3. Ltd. and provides space for the user equipment. HUAWEI Confidential Page 8 . and lightning protection.

Ltd. The OFB is applicable to category C environment.. Since it has no heating system.OFB Overview  OFB (Outdoor Facility Box) supports DC power input and DC power distribution and can serve as a cabinet for the transmission equipment. HUAWEI Confidential Page 9 .  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. the OFB is unable to adapt to low-temperature environment. provides 11U installation space.

Ltd. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. A maximum of 16 batteries of 12 V 100 Ah or 2 V 150 Ah. four batteries in one group and four groups in the IBBS cabinet. the Integrated Backup Battery System (IBBS) provides backup power to meet the requirements for fast network deployment.. smog and temperature sensors. Backup power mode: serial or parallel connection between batteries.IBBS Overview       As an auxiliary product for Huawei outdoor BTSs. Operating temperature: The IBBS cabinet is functioning normally when the temperature is +55°C. HUAWEI Confidential Page 10 . Alarm system: It provide door control. Output: -48V DC.

Ltd..Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure Sector 4 DBS3900 Typical Scenario HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 11 .

Provides centralized management on the entire DBS system. Ltd. Processes UL and DL data..BBU3900  The BBU3900 is an indoor BTS control unit that enables interaction between the BTS and the BSC. Provides CPRI ports for communication with the RRU3004. Provides OM channels for connection to the LMT (or M2000). such as OM and signaling processing.       HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Provides the reference clock for the entire system. Provides the USB port for downloading the BTS software. HUAWEI Confidential Page 12 .  The BBU3900 performs the following functions:  Provides physical interfaces between the BTS and the BSC for interaction.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 13 . Ltd..Logical Structure of the BBU3900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.

the BBU3900 modules consist of the UBFA and the UPEU. UEIU.. and UELP. Ltd. and 12 cells. The BBU3900 boards consist of the BSBC. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. GTMU. The BBU is a small box with all the external ports on the front panel.Hardware Components of BBU3900      The typical power consumption of the BBU is 35 W. HUAWEI Confidential Page 14 . Each BBU3900 supports a maximum of 36 TRXs. The weight of the BBU isn¶t more than 12KG.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 15 . two power slots. and other ports as common slots. The BSBC provides eight board slots.BSBC Board  The BSBC is the backplane of the BBU.   HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. and one fan slot. The universal BBU sub-rack backplane type C (2U) (BSBC) provides backplane interfaces for communication between boards and supplies power for boards. slot 7 for a main control board that supports 3G. The GTMU is located in slots 5 and 6.. Ltd.

maintains. OM. configuration management. Ltd.. and operates the BTS Supports fault management. timing.  The GTMU performs the following functions:         Controls.GTMU Board  The GSM transmission. It provides interfaces related to the reference clock. and external alarm collection. and security management Monitors the fan module and the power supply module Distributes and manages BTS clock signals Provides clock input for testing Provides the Ethernet port for terminal maintenance Supports four E1 inputs Provides the CPRI ports for communication with the RRU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. and management unit for BBU (GTMU) controls and manages the entire BTS. performance management. power supply. HUAWEI Confidential Page 16 .

.GTMU Board  Ports on the GTMU Panel Port Type DLC connector RJ45 connector RJ45 connector DLC connector USB connector USB connector DB26 male connector Cable CPRI optical cable between the BBU and the RRU Crossover cable (delivered with the equipment) Description Provides the input and output of the optical signals CPRI0± CPRI5 ETH Performs local maintenance and commissioning FE0 A reserved port that performs the following function: Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the Ethernet cable to transmit network information A reserved port that performs the following function: Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the optical cable to transmit network information A reserved port that performs the following function: Automatically upgrades the software through the USB disk Tests the output clock signals with a tester Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the GTMU and the UELP or between the GTMU and the BSC FE1 - USB - TST E1/T1 E1/T1 cable of the BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 17 .

The board is faulty. The board is loading software. Description RUN ALM Red On Off ACT Green On Off LIU0±LIU3 Green On Blinking four times/s Off CPRI0-CPRI5 Green Red On On HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd. The board is operational. HUAWEI Confidential Page 18 . A local E1/T1 alarm is generated. A fault occurs in the running board. The OML link is abnormal. This link is not used or the alarm is cleared.GTMU Board  LEDs on the GTMU Panel LED Color Green On Off Blinking once/2s Blinking once/4s Blinking four times/s Status The board is faulty. An alarm is not generated. The board is operational. There is no power supply or the board is faulty.. The CPRI link is functional. The reception of the optical module is abnormal and an alarm is triggered. A remote E1/T1 alarm is generated.

The E1 link of the Level 1 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. The E1 link cannot be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 2 cascaded BTS can be bypassed.. SW5 ON OFF ON DIP switch 1 SW2 ON OFF DIP status 2 ON OFF 3 ON OFF 4 ON OFF The E1 cable is grounded. Description DIP switch SW4 DIP status 1 ON OFF 2 ON OFF ON ON 3 ON OFF ON ON 4 ON OFF ON OFF Description DIP switch SW1 The E1 link can be bypassed.GTMU Board  DIP Switch of GTMU DIP status 1 ON OFF ON ON ON OFF 2 The E1 impedance is set to 75 . Ltd. The T1 impedance is set to 100 . The E1 link cannot be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 3 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. The E1 impedance is set to 120 . The E1 link of the Level 5 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 4 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. HUAWEI Confidential ON Description OFF OFF ON OFF OFF ON OFF ON OFF OFF OFF ON OFF OFF HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. The E1 cable is not grounded. Page 19 .

The UBFA module is hot swappable. Red On Green Blinking once every two seconds The board operates normally. An alarm is generated. Ltd. and report alarms. LED STATE Color Green Status Blinking twice per second Description The board is not securely connected. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 20 . An alarm is not generated. adjust the fan speed..UBFA Module  The universal BBU fan unit type A (2U) (UBFA) communicates with the GTMU to regulate the temperature.

modules.. and fan in the BBU. and provides access to multiple environment monitoring signals. Port MON0 Type RJ45 Connector Description Provides the input and output of the externally collected environment monitoring signals to the GTMU according to the RS485 communications protocol Reserved Transmits the externally collected environment monitoring signals to the GTMU through communications protocol related to the dry contact Reserved ±48V power input MON1 EXTALM0 RJ45 Connector RJ45 Connector EXTALM1 PWR RJ45 Connector 3V3Power Connector HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.UPEU Module  The universal power and environment interface unit type A (±48 V) (UPEU) supports the ±48 V DC power input. Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 21 . supplies power to the boards.

Port MON0 Type RJ45 Connector Description Provides the input and output of the externally collected environment monitoring signals to the GTMU according to the RS485 communications protocol Reserved Transmits the externally collected environment monitoring signals to the GTMU through communications protocol related to the dry contact Reserved  MON1 EXTALM0 RJ45 Connector RJ45 Connector EXTALM1 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. The UEIU is optional. The UEIU supports eight Boolean alarm signals and two RS485 environment monitoring signals. It is configured when the environment interfaces are insufficient. RJ45 Connector HUAWEI Confidential Page 22 .UEIU Board  The universal environment interface unit (UEIU) supports multiple environment monitoring signals. Ltd..

Ltd..UELP Board  The universal E1/T1 lightning protection unit (UELP) provides lightning protection for four E1/T1 signals. DIP Switch 1 SW1 OFF ON DIP Status 2 OFF OFF 3 OFF ON 4 OFF OFF Twisted-pair cable 100 T1 or 120 Coaxial cable 75 E1 E1 Description HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Port INSIDE OUTSIDE Type DB25 male connector DB26male connector Cable E1 transfer cable of the BBU E1/T1 cables of the BBU Description Transfers the four E1/T1 signals between the UELP and the GTMU Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the BBU and the BSC  UELP Board provides a DIP switch to set impedance of E1/T1. HUAWEI Confidential Page 23 .

and BBU monitoring signal cable. ±48 V DC power cable. HUAWEI Confidential Page 24 . E1 transfer cable. The cable connection relations of the BBU as following:  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.BBU Cables  The BBU3900 cables are classified into the PGND cable. Ltd.. RS485 environment monitoring signal cable. CPRI signal cable between the BBU and the RRU. E1/T1 cable.

. Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 25 .BBU Cables  The cables figure of the BBU -48VDC power cables E1 transfer cable FE cable CPRI optical cable HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.

Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 26 ..BBU Cables  The cables figure of the BBU (1)RJ45 Connector (3)OT Connector (2) Cord end terminal (4)Common 3PIN Connector Monitoring signal cable between the OFB and the BBU (1)RJ45 Connector Monitoring signal cable between the APM and the BBU (2) Cord end terminal HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.

Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure Sector 4 DBS3900 Typical Scenario HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 27 ..

Ltd. Generation and recovery of the clock circuitry at the CPRI interface. the RF signals are transmitted to the antenna for transmission. and the alarm detection. HUAWEI Confidential Page 28 . and then are sent to ASIC and DSP for demodulation and decoding. Frequency synthesization and loopback test.     HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. which is directly implemented in the transmit channel.RRU3004  The RRU3004 is an outdoor remote RF unit. After being filtered and amplified. analog-to-digital conversion.. modulates the baseband signals into GSM RF signals. matched filtering. Automatic Gain Control (AGC). through the duplexer in the RF front-end unit. amplification. Power regulation and Voltage Standing Wave Ration (VSWR) detection. The uplink RF signals received from the antenna go through down-conversion.  The functions of the RRU3004 are as follows:  The direct IQ modulation technique.

Logical Structure of the RRU RXM_OUT:RRU RX main output for RRU cascading HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.. RXD_IN:RRU RX diversity input for RRU cascading Page 29 HUAWEI Confidential . Ltd.

 The RRU module has a modular structure.  The weight of RRU3004 is 38Kg. metal pole. or tower. stand. The external interfaces of the RRU module are located at the bottom of the module and in the cabling cavity. The RRU3004 can be installed on a wall.Components of the RRU3004  An RRU3004 consists of two RRU modules.. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 30 .

48VDC power supply. Provides .  1 2 3 Bottom panel Cabling cavity panel LEDs HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. and an area attached with LEDs. a cabling cavity panel.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 31 .RRU Module  The RRU module has a bottom panel. Ltd.

.RRU Module  Ports of the RRU Module Item Label RX_IN/OUT RET ANT_TX/RXA ANT_TX/RXB Description Interconnection ports for RF signals RET antenna port RF TX/RX port A RF TX/RX port B Power wire post Bottom panel Cabling cavity panel RTN+ NEGTX RX CPRI_E TX RX CPRI_W EXT_ALM RST TST VSWR TST CPRI Eastern optical port Western optical port Alarm Port Hardware reset button Test button for VSWR alarms Test button for the CPRI port HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 32 . Ltd.

No power input is available..RRU Module  LEDs on the RRU Module LED Status On Off Blinking once every two seconds The board is faulty. The board is operational. Ltd. No alarm is detected. The CPRI link is functional. The SFP module is out-of-position or the optical module is powered off. Local test status No VSWR alarm is detected. The board is operational. The reception of the optical module is abnormal and an alarm is triggered. Only one logical transceiver is functional (including TRX mutual aid is implemented). Meaning RUN ALM On (blinking at high frequency) Off ACT On Off Blinking once every two seconds Blinking twice per second VSWR TX_ACT On (green) Blinking once every two seconds (green) Blinking once every two seconds (red) Blinking once per second (red) On (red) OPTW/E(westwar d/eastward CPRI LED ) On (green) On (red) Blinking once every two seconds (red) Off HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. A VSWR alarm is detected at the ANT_TX/RXA port. A VSWR alarm is detected at the ANT_TX/RXB port. A VSWR alarm is detected at the ANT_TX/RXA and ANT_TX/RXB ports. Normal operation The connection with the BBU is not established. The CPRI link is out of lock. HUAWEI Confidential Page 33 . There is a fault related to the running board.

RF jumpers. power cable. AISG multi-wire cable. Boolean input cable. and cables for cascaded RRUs. CPRI optical cable.. AISG extension cable.Connections of RRU Cables  The RRU3004 has the following cables: PGND cable. Ltd. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 34 .

HUAWEI Confidential Page 35 .. Ltd.Connections of RRU Cables  The related cable¶s figure of the RRU RRU ±48 V DC power cable RRU Power cable for cascaded RRU modules Signal cable between the electrical ports on cascaded RRU modules CPRI optical cable HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.

Ltd.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 36 .Connections of RRU Cables  The related cable¶s figure of the RRU Cascaded RF jumper Boolean input cable AISG multi-wire cable AISG extension cable HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.

.Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure Sector 4 DBS3900 Typical Scenario HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 37 .

 The BBU can be installed in the APM. pole.. The IBBS can supply backup power to the BTS for a long time to ensure that the BTS still operates normally in the case of an AC power supply failure. The APM supplies -48 V DC power to the BBU and RRU. or tower. HUAWEI Confidential Page 38 . Ltd. the installation scenario can be used.   HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.Typical Scenarios of the DBS3900  Scenario 1: BBU+RRU+APM+IBBS  When the site provides only the AC power supply and a long-time backup power supply is required. The RRU can be installed on a stand. wall.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 39 .Typical Scenarios of the DBS3900  Scenario 2: BBU+RRU+APM+OFB  When the site provides the AC power supply and the space in the APM is insufficient. Ltd.  The OFB provides 5 U to 11 U transmission space in which transmission equipment or batteries can be installed. The APM supplies ±48 V DC power to the BBU and RRU and also provides backup DC power. The BBU can be configured in the APM. the installation scenario can be used..  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. The OFB supplies ±48 V DC power to the BBU and RRU. HUAWEI Confidential Page 40 .Typical Scenarios of the DBS3900  Scenario 3: BBU+RRU+OFB  When there is no equipment room on site.  The BBU is installed in the OFB. the installation scenario can be used. Ltd. the DC power supply is available.. and the backup power supply is not required.

Chapter 1 DBS3900 Hardware Structure Chapter 2 DBS3900 Typical Configuration HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 41 . Ltd.

. HUAWEI Confidential Page 42 . ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB RX-in/out  CPRI_E  Antenna mode should be set to´ Double Antenna´. Ltd.Typical Configuration 1  S1(Transmit Diversity or Transmit Independency + Receive Mode Main and Diversity )  ANT Transmit mode should be set to ³Transmit Independency or combining´ Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´. CPRI_W   It also can be configured as non-ring. CPRI0 CPRI1 RRU CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 30W/TRX M1800:20W/TRX.

ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB  Receive mode should be set to³Receive diversity´. Ltd. It also can be configured as non-ring. RX-in/out  Antenna mode should be set to ³Double antenna´. HUAWEI Confidential Page 43 .Typical Configuration 2  S1(Transmit Diversity + Receive Mode Main and Diversity )  ANT Transmit mode should be set to³Transmit diversity´. The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 20W/TRX M1800:15W/TRX CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI_E   CPRI_W RRU CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co..

CPRI_E   It also can be configured as non-ring.. ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB RX-in/out  Antenna mode should be set to ³Double antenna´.Typical Configuration 3  S1(PBT + Receive Mode Main and Diversity )   ANT Transmit mode should be set to ³PBT´. HUAWEI Confidential Page 44 . Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´. Ltd. The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 40W/TRX M1800:30W/TRX CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI5 CPRI_W RRU BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 45 .Typical Configuration 4  S2(Transmit Independency or Combining + Receive Mode Main and Diversity)  ANT ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB Transmit mode should be set to ³Transmit mode independency or combining´. Ltd. The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 30W/TRX M1800:20W/TRX CPRI0 CPRI1 RRU CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. RX-in/out  CPRI_E  CPRI_W   It also can be configured as non-ring. Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´. Antenna mode should be set to ³Double antenna´..

HUAWEI Confidential Page 46 .. ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB  RX-in/out RX-in/out  CPRI_E CPRI_E CPRI_W CPRI_W  The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 40W/TRX M1800:30W/TRX RRU RRU CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd. Antenna mode should be set to ³Single antenna and receive diversity´.Typical Configuration 5 ANT  S2 (PBT + Receive Mode Main and Diversity)  Transmit mode should be set to ³PBT´. Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´.

The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 40W/TRX M1800:30W/TRX CPRI_W CPRI_W RRU RRU  CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI Confidential Page 47 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.. Ltd. ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB  Receive mode should be set to ³4 way receive diversity´. RX-in/out RX-in/out  Antenna mode should be set to ³double antenna and 4 way receive diversity´.Typical Configuration 6  S2 (PBT + Four Way Receive Diversity)  ANT ANT Transmit mode should be set to ³PBT´. . CPRI_E CPRI_E  It also can be configured as nonring.

. Ltd.Typical Configuration 7  S4 (Transmit Combining + Receive Mode Main and Diversity)  ANT Transmit mode should be set to ³Transmit combining or independency´ ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB RX-in/out RX-in/out  Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´ CPRI_E CPRI_E  Antenna mode should be set to ³Single antenna and two receive´ CPRI_W CPRI_W  The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 15W/TRX M1800:10W/TRX RRU RRU CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 48 .

Typical Configuration 8  S8(Transmit Combining + Receive Mode Main and Diversity)  AN T ANTTX/RX B RXin/out CPRI _E ANTTX/RX A ANT. ANTTX/RXA  Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´. The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 15W/TRX M1800:10W/TRX    CPRI_ W CPRI_ W CPRI_ W CPRI_ W RR U RR U CPR CPR I0 I1 RR U CPR I5 RR U BB U HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Actually It is combined by two S4. HUAWEI Confidential Page 49 .. Ltd.ANTTX/RX TX/RX B A RXin/out CPRI _E AN T ANTTX/RX B RXin/out CPRI_ E ANTTX/RX A ANTTX/RX B RXin/out CPRI _E Transmit mode should be set to ³Transmit combining or independency´. Antenna mode should be set to ³Single antenna and two receive´.

huawei.Thank You www.com .

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