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2008-03

Security Level: Internal Use

HUAWEI GSM DBS3900 Hardware Structure

www.huawei.com

HUAWEI Confidential

DBS3900 is a distributed BTS solution developed by Huawei Technologies Co.,Ltd. Its baseband part and radio part can be installed independently so that it can be used to various environments with wide coverage and low cost.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

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 Know the functions and features of DBS3900  Master the Hardware structure and function of DBS3900  Familiar with the Typical configuration and cable

connection of DBS3900 
Master the Network topologies of DBS3900

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

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Chapter 1 DBS3900 Hardware Structure Chapter 2 DBS3900 Typical Configuration

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co., Ltd.

HUAWEI Confidential

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Abbreviation
RRU BBU GTMU UPEA BSBC UBFA UEIU UELP UFLP CPRI APM IBBS OFB Remote Radio unit Base Band unit Transmission& Timing& Management Unit for BBU Universal power and Environment interface unit Type A (-48v) Universal BBU Subrack Backplane Type C (2U) Universal BBU Fan Unit Type A (2U) Universal Environment Interface unit Universal E1/T1 Lighting Protection unit Universal FE/GE Lighting Protection unit Common Protocol Radio Interface Advanced Power Module Integrated Backup Battery System Outdoor Facility Box

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HUAWEI Confidential

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HUAWEI Confidential Page 6 . Ltd.Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure Sector 4 DBS3900 Typical Scenario HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co..

The RRU3004 is an outdoor remote RF unit. It processes baseband signals and RF signals. HUAWEI Confidential Page 7 . The BBU3900 is an indoor baseband unit.DBS3900   The DBS3900 consists of the BBU3900 and the RRU3004. RRU3004 RRU3004 RRU3004   BBU3900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. The Local Maintenance Terminal (LMT) and Man-Machine Interactive (MMI) can implement the maintenance of the DBS3900 through the BBU3900. It provides physical interfaces for connection with the BSC and RRU. Ltd.. It performs centralized management (OM and signaling processing) of the entire base station system and provides reference clock for the system.

1. Filler Panel(1U) 9. Filler panel(1U) 2.. Ltd. DC PDU(2U) 4~8. It also performs functions such as battery management and monitoring.APM30 Overview  The APM30 provides ±48 V DC power and power backup for the distributed base stations and mini base stations. HUAWEI Confidential Page 8 . and provides space for the user equipment. Space for batteries (3U) HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Power sub-rack (3 U) 3. and lightning protection.

provides 11U installation space.OFB Overview  OFB (Outdoor Facility Box) supports DC power input and DC power distribution and can serve as a cabinet for the transmission equipment. the OFB is unable to adapt to low-temperature environment.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 9 . The OFB is applicable to category C environment.  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Since it has no heating system. Ltd.

four batteries in one group and four groups in the IBBS cabinet. Backup power mode: serial or parallel connection between batteries.. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Output: -48V DC. smog and temperature sensors. HUAWEI Confidential Page 10 . the Integrated Backup Battery System (IBBS) provides backup power to meet the requirements for fast network deployment. A maximum of 16 batteries of 12 V 100 Ah or 2 V 150 Ah.IBBS Overview       As an auxiliary product for Huawei outdoor BTSs. Operating temperature: The IBBS cabinet is functioning normally when the temperature is +55°C. Ltd. Alarm system: It provide door control.

Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure Sector 4 DBS3900 Typical Scenario HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 11 .. Ltd.

Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 12 .       HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co..  The BBU3900 performs the following functions:  Provides physical interfaces between the BTS and the BSC for interaction. such as OM and signaling processing. Provides CPRI ports for communication with the RRU3004.BBU3900  The BBU3900 is an indoor BTS control unit that enables interaction between the BTS and the BSC. Provides the USB port for downloading the BTS software. Provides the reference clock for the entire system. Provides centralized management on the entire DBS system. Provides OM channels for connection to the LMT (or M2000). Processes UL and DL data.

Ltd.Logical Structure of the BBU3900 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 13 .

. the BBU3900 modules consist of the UBFA and the UPEU. The BBU3900 boards consist of the BSBC. The weight of the BBU isn¶t more than 12KG. and 12 cells. Each BBU3900 supports a maximum of 36 TRXs.Hardware Components of BBU3900      The typical power consumption of the BBU is 35 W. HUAWEI Confidential Page 14 . HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. GTMU. Ltd. and UELP. The BBU is a small box with all the external ports on the front panel. UEIU.

  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.. Ltd. and one fan slot. and other ports as common slots. two power slots. slot 7 for a main control board that supports 3G.BSBC Board  The BSBC is the backplane of the BBU. The universal BBU sub-rack backplane type C (2U) (BSBC) provides backplane interfaces for communication between boards and supplies power for boards. The GTMU is located in slots 5 and 6. HUAWEI Confidential Page 15 . The BSBC provides eight board slots.

and operates the BTS Supports fault management.GTMU Board  The GSM transmission. and external alarm collection. performance management. Ltd. timing. and management unit for BBU (GTMU) controls and manages the entire BTS. configuration management. and security management Monitors the fan module and the power supply module Distributes and manages BTS clock signals Provides clock input for testing Provides the Ethernet port for terminal maintenance Supports four E1 inputs Provides the CPRI ports for communication with the RRU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co..  The GTMU performs the following functions:         Controls. OM. maintains. HUAWEI Confidential Page 16 . power supply. It provides interfaces related to the reference clock.

Ltd.GTMU Board  Ports on the GTMU Panel Port Type DLC connector RJ45 connector RJ45 connector DLC connector USB connector USB connector DB26 male connector Cable CPRI optical cable between the BBU and the RRU Crossover cable (delivered with the equipment) Description Provides the input and output of the optical signals CPRI0± CPRI5 ETH Performs local maintenance and commissioning FE0 A reserved port that performs the following function: Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the Ethernet cable to transmit network information A reserved port that performs the following function: Connects the BBU to a routing device in the equipment room through the optical cable to transmit network information A reserved port that performs the following function: Automatically upgrades the software through the USB disk Tests the output clock signals with a tester Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the GTMU and the UELP or between the GTMU and the BSC FE1 - USB - TST E1/T1 E1/T1 cable of the BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 17 ..

A local E1/T1 alarm is generated. There is no power supply or the board is faulty.. The reception of the optical module is abnormal and an alarm is triggered. The OML link is abnormal. The board is operational. A remote E1/T1 alarm is generated. The board is faulty.GTMU Board  LEDs on the GTMU Panel LED Color Green On Off Blinking once/2s Blinking once/4s Blinking four times/s Status The board is faulty. The board is operational. The CPRI link is functional. This link is not used or the alarm is cleared. A fault occurs in the running board. An alarm is not generated. The board is loading software. Description RUN ALM Red On Off ACT Green On Off LIU0±LIU3 Green On Blinking four times/s Off CPRI0-CPRI5 Green Red On On HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 18 . Ltd.

The E1 link cannot be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 1 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. Page 19 . The T1 impedance is set to 100 .GTMU Board  DIP Switch of GTMU DIP status 1 ON OFF ON ON ON OFF 2 The E1 impedance is set to 75 . Ltd. The E1 cable is not grounded. The E1 link of the Level 2 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 4 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 3 cascaded BTS can be bypassed. HUAWEI Confidential ON Description OFF OFF ON OFF OFF ON OFF ON OFF OFF OFF ON OFF OFF HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. The E1 link cannot be bypassed. SW5 ON OFF ON DIP switch 1 SW2 ON OFF DIP status 2 ON OFF 3 ON OFF 4 ON OFF The E1 cable is grounded. The E1 impedance is set to 120 . Description DIP switch SW4 DIP status 1 ON OFF 2 ON OFF ON ON 3 ON OFF ON ON 4 ON OFF ON OFF Description DIP switch SW1 The E1 link can be bypassed. The E1 link of the Level 5 cascaded BTS can be bypassed..

The UBFA module is hot swappable.UBFA Module  The universal BBU fan unit type A (2U) (UBFA) communicates with the GTMU to regulate the temperature. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. An alarm is generated. HUAWEI Confidential Page 20 . Ltd. adjust the fan speed. and report alarms. LED STATE Color Green Status Blinking twice per second Description The board is not securely connected.. Red On Green Blinking once every two seconds The board operates normally. An alarm is not generated.

Port MON0 Type RJ45 Connector Description Provides the input and output of the externally collected environment monitoring signals to the GTMU according to the RS485 communications protocol Reserved Transmits the externally collected environment monitoring signals to the GTMU through communications protocol related to the dry contact Reserved ±48V power input MON1 EXTALM0 RJ45 Connector RJ45 Connector EXTALM1 PWR RJ45 Connector 3V3Power Connector HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. and fan in the BBU. supplies power to the boards.. and provides access to multiple environment monitoring signals. modules. Ltd.UPEU Module  The universal power and environment interface unit type A (±48 V) (UPEU) supports the ±48 V DC power input. HUAWEI Confidential Page 21 .

RJ45 Connector HUAWEI Confidential Page 22 .UEIU Board  The universal environment interface unit (UEIU) supports multiple environment monitoring signals. The UEIU is optional. Ltd. The UEIU supports eight Boolean alarm signals and two RS485 environment monitoring signals.. Port MON0 Type RJ45 Connector Description Provides the input and output of the externally collected environment monitoring signals to the GTMU according to the RS485 communications protocol Reserved Transmits the externally collected environment monitoring signals to the GTMU through communications protocol related to the dry contact Reserved  MON1 EXTALM0 RJ45 Connector RJ45 Connector EXTALM1 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. It is configured when the environment interfaces are insufficient.

Port INSIDE OUTSIDE Type DB25 male connector DB26male connector Cable E1 transfer cable of the BBU E1/T1 cables of the BBU Description Transfers the four E1/T1 signals between the UELP and the GTMU Provides the input and output of the four E1/T1 signals between the BBU and the BSC  UELP Board provides a DIP switch to set impedance of E1/T1.UELP Board  The universal E1/T1 lightning protection unit (UELP) provides lightning protection for four E1/T1 signals. Ltd.. HUAWEI Confidential Page 23 . DIP Switch 1 SW1 OFF ON DIP Status 2 OFF OFF 3 OFF ON 4 OFF OFF Twisted-pair cable 100 T1 or 120 Coaxial cable 75 E1 E1 Description HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.

BBU Cables  The BBU3900 cables are classified into the PGND cable. The cable connection relations of the BBU as following:  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 24 . CPRI signal cable between the BBU and the RRU. Ltd. E1 transfer cable. and BBU monitoring signal cable. RS485 environment monitoring signal cable. E1/T1 cable.. ±48 V DC power cable.

BBU Cables  The cables figure of the BBU -48VDC power cables E1 transfer cable FE cable CPRI optical cable HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 25 ..

Ltd.BBU Cables  The cables figure of the BBU (1)RJ45 Connector (3)OT Connector (2) Cord end terminal (4)Common 3PIN Connector Monitoring signal cable between the OFB and the BBU (1)RJ45 Connector Monitoring signal cable between the APM and the BBU (2) Cord end terminal HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 26 ..

Ltd.Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure Sector 4 DBS3900 Typical Scenario HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 27 ..

Generation and recovery of the clock circuitry at the CPRI interface. Automatic Gain Control (AGC). and the alarm detection. The uplink RF signals received from the antenna go through down-conversion.  The functions of the RRU3004 are as follows:  The direct IQ modulation technique. After being filtered and amplified. through the duplexer in the RF front-end unit. and then are sent to ASIC and DSP for demodulation and decoding. analog-to-digital conversion. amplification.RRU3004  The RRU3004 is an outdoor remote RF unit. Power regulation and Voltage Standing Wave Ration (VSWR) detection. modulates the baseband signals into GSM RF signals.     HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. which is directly implemented in the transmit channel. Frequency synthesization and loopback test. HUAWEI Confidential Page 28 .. Ltd. the RF signals are transmitted to the antenna for transmission. matched filtering.

Logical Structure of the RRU RXM_OUT:RRU RX main output for RRU cascading HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.. Ltd. RXD_IN:RRU RX diversity input for RRU cascading Page 29 HUAWEI Confidential .

stand.Components of the RRU3004  An RRU3004 consists of two RRU modules. HUAWEI Confidential Page 30 .  The weight of RRU3004 is 38Kg. The external interfaces of the RRU module are located at the bottom of the module and in the cabling cavity. metal pole. or tower.  The RRU module has a modular structure. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. The RRU3004 can be installed on a wall.. Ltd.

.RRU Module  The RRU module has a bottom panel.48VDC power supply. and an area attached with LEDs. HUAWEI Confidential Page 31 . a cabling cavity panel.  1 2 3 Bottom panel Cabling cavity panel LEDs HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd. Provides .

HUAWEI Confidential Page 32 ..RRU Module  Ports of the RRU Module Item Label RX_IN/OUT RET ANT_TX/RXA ANT_TX/RXB Description Interconnection ports for RF signals RET antenna port RF TX/RX port A RF TX/RX port B Power wire post Bottom panel Cabling cavity panel RTN+ NEGTX RX CPRI_E TX RX CPRI_W EXT_ALM RST TST VSWR TST CPRI Eastern optical port Western optical port Alarm Port Hardware reset button Test button for VSWR alarms Test button for the CPRI port HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd.

Ltd. Meaning RUN ALM On (blinking at high frequency) Off ACT On Off Blinking once every two seconds Blinking twice per second VSWR TX_ACT On (green) Blinking once every two seconds (green) Blinking once every two seconds (red) Blinking once per second (red) On (red) OPTW/E(westwar d/eastward CPRI LED ) On (green) On (red) Blinking once every two seconds (red) Off HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. The reception of the optical module is abnormal and an alarm is triggered. No alarm is detected. Only one logical transceiver is functional (including TRX mutual aid is implemented). Normal operation The connection with the BBU is not established. No power input is available. A VSWR alarm is detected at the ANT_TX/RXA and ANT_TX/RXB ports.RRU Module  LEDs on the RRU Module LED Status On Off Blinking once every two seconds The board is faulty. HUAWEI Confidential Page 33 . Local test status No VSWR alarm is detected. A VSWR alarm is detected at the ANT_TX/RXB port. The SFP module is out-of-position or the optical module is powered off. There is a fault related to the running board. The board is operational. The board is operational. A VSWR alarm is detected at the ANT_TX/RXA port.. The CPRI link is out of lock. The CPRI link is functional.

HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. and cables for cascaded RRUs. AISG extension cable. power cable.Connections of RRU Cables  The RRU3004 has the following cables: PGND cable.. Boolean input cable. Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 34 . CPRI optical cable. RF jumpers. AISG multi-wire cable.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 35 .Connections of RRU Cables  The related cable¶s figure of the RRU RRU ±48 V DC power cable RRU Power cable for cascaded RRU modules Signal cable between the electrical ports on cascaded RRU modules CPRI optical cable HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.. Ltd.

Connections of RRU Cables  The related cable¶s figure of the RRU Cascaded RF jumper Boolean input cable AISG multi-wire cable AISG extension cable HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. HUAWEI Confidential Page 36 . Ltd..

HUAWEI Confidential Page 37 .Sector 1 DBS3900 Hardware Components Sector 2 BBU3900 System Structure Sector 3 RRU3004 System Structure Sector 4 DBS3900 Typical Scenario HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.. Ltd.

The APM supplies -48 V DC power to the BBU and RRU.  The BBU can be installed in the APM. HUAWEI Confidential Page 38 . wall. Ltd.Typical Scenarios of the DBS3900  Scenario 1: BBU+RRU+APM+IBBS  When the site provides only the AC power supply and a long-time backup power supply is required. The IBBS can supply backup power to the BTS for a long time to ensure that the BTS still operates normally in the case of an AC power supply failure. or tower.   HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. pole. the installation scenario can be used. The RRU can be installed on a stand..

. The BBU can be configured in the APM.  HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd. The APM supplies ±48 V DC power to the BBU and RRU and also provides backup DC power.Typical Scenarios of the DBS3900  Scenario 2: BBU+RRU+APM+OFB  When the site provides the AC power supply and the space in the APM is insufficient. the installation scenario can be used. HUAWEI Confidential Page 39 .  The OFB provides 5 U to 11 U transmission space in which transmission equipment or batteries can be installed.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 40 .Typical Scenarios of the DBS3900  Scenario 3: BBU+RRU+OFB  When there is no equipment room on site.. The OFB supplies ±48 V DC power to the BBU and RRU. HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. and the backup power supply is not required. the DC power supply is available. Ltd.  The BBU is installed in the OFB. the installation scenario can be used.

. HUAWEI Confidential Page 41 .Chapter 1 DBS3900 Hardware Structure Chapter 2 DBS3900 Typical Configuration HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Ltd.

The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 30W/TRX M1800:20W/TRX. CPRI_W   It also can be configured as non-ring. HUAWEI Confidential Page 42 .Typical Configuration 1  S1(Transmit Diversity or Transmit Independency + Receive Mode Main and Diversity )  ANT Transmit mode should be set to ³Transmit Independency or combining´ Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´. Ltd.. CPRI0 CPRI1 RRU CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB RX-in/out  CPRI_E  Antenna mode should be set to´ Double Antenna´.

. The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 20W/TRX M1800:15W/TRX CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI_E   CPRI_W RRU CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.Typical Configuration 2  S1(Transmit Diversity + Receive Mode Main and Diversity )  ANT Transmit mode should be set to³Transmit diversity´. It also can be configured as non-ring. HUAWEI Confidential Page 43 . ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB  Receive mode should be set to³Receive diversity´. Ltd. RX-in/out  Antenna mode should be set to ³Double antenna´.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 44 . The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 40W/TRX M1800:30W/TRX CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI5 CPRI_W RRU BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.Typical Configuration 3  S1(PBT + Receive Mode Main and Diversity )   ANT Transmit mode should be set to ³PBT´.. CPRI_E   It also can be configured as non-ring. ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB RX-in/out  Antenna mode should be set to ³Double antenna´. Ltd. Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´.

RX-in/out  CPRI_E  CPRI_W   It also can be configured as non-ring. HUAWEI Confidential Page 45 . Ltd.. Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´.Typical Configuration 4  S2(Transmit Independency or Combining + Receive Mode Main and Diversity)  ANT ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB Transmit mode should be set to ³Transmit mode independency or combining´. The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 30W/TRX M1800:20W/TRX CPRI0 CPRI1 RRU CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. Antenna mode should be set to ³Double antenna´.

Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´. Ltd. HUAWEI Confidential Page 46 .Typical Configuration 5 ANT  S2 (PBT + Receive Mode Main and Diversity)  Transmit mode should be set to ³PBT´. Antenna mode should be set to ³Single antenna and receive diversity´. ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB  RX-in/out RX-in/out  CPRI_E CPRI_E CPRI_W CPRI_W  The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 40W/TRX M1800:30W/TRX RRU RRU CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co..

CPRI_E CPRI_E  It also can be configured as nonring.. . The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 40W/TRX M1800:30W/TRX CPRI_W CPRI_W RRU RRU  CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI Confidential Page 47 HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co. ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB  Receive mode should be set to ³4 way receive diversity´.Typical Configuration 6  S2 (PBT + Four Way Receive Diversity)  ANT ANT Transmit mode should be set to ³PBT´. Ltd. RX-in/out RX-in/out  Antenna mode should be set to ³double antenna and 4 way receive diversity´.

HUAWEI Confidential Page 48 .. Ltd.Typical Configuration 7  S4 (Transmit Combining + Receive Mode Main and Diversity)  ANT Transmit mode should be set to ³Transmit combining or independency´ ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB ANTTX/RXA ANTTX/RXB RX-in/out RX-in/out  Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´ CPRI_E CPRI_E  Antenna mode should be set to ³Single antenna and two receive´ CPRI_W CPRI_W  The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 15W/TRX M1800:10W/TRX RRU RRU CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI5 BBU HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.

Ltd.. Actually It is combined by two S4. Antenna mode should be set to ³Single antenna and two receive´.ANTTX/RX TX/RX B A RXin/out CPRI _E AN T ANTTX/RX B RXin/out CPRI_ E ANTTX/RX A ANTTX/RX B RXin/out CPRI _E Transmit mode should be set to ³Transmit combining or independency´.Typical Configuration 8  S8(Transmit Combining + Receive Mode Main and Diversity)  AN T ANTTX/RX B RXin/out CPRI _E ANTTX/RX A ANT. ANTTX/RXA  Receive mode should be set to ³Receive diversity´. HUAWEI Confidential Page 49 . The maximum transmit power of RF port: M900: 15W/TRX M1800:10W/TRX    CPRI_ W CPRI_ W CPRI_ W CPRI_ W RR U RR U CPR CPR I0 I1 RR U CPR I5 RR U BB U HUAWEI TECHNOLOGIES Co.

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