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34176046 Design of Shell Tube Heat Exchanger by Kern Method 2 57 Excel Template

# 34176046 Design of Shell Tube Heat Exchanger by Kern Method 2 57 Excel Template

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06/19/2013

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00 m 2.526.4 0. Baffle spacing) = 2 2 t 1/2 = 0.K W/m2 . the actual diameter shall be the nearest available size either seamless pipe or fabricated as rolled plate ' Use: Ds = 0.07+12.4 0.869.2 Bundle crossflow area As = DsCB PT = 0.800.1 2. head required to pump the fluid into the shell 2 TUBE SIDE : 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 HOT SI E 20 150 998.9 Kpa psi .5 New Shell Diameter Ds' = f(Clearance. .Kirililov for Turbulent flows ) which predicts results in the range of 104< Ret < 5 x106 and 0.2 0.5 psi .do /8) do/2 0 2 2 = 0.000 0.0 TUBE SIDE HEAT TRANSFER ht = Nutkt di where: Nut Kt di = Nusselt number of fluid inside the tubes = Thermal conductivity of fluid inside the tubes = Inside diameter of tubes 2 1. 11.8 oC = µs µw L B Ms As 0.80236 tv tdi/µt = 32.7 J/kg .Triangular layout) do Flow PT De of square pitch in tube layout De 2 4(PT - = do /4) De 2 S = 0.6396127 10 Prandtl number CONSTRUCTIONAL DATA OF THE PROPOSED SHELL AND TUBE HX 0. head required to pump the fluid into the tubes 2.Clean heat transfer coefficient -1 do do 1 do ln( di ) 1 Uc = kt ho + di hi + 2 = 1.6 J/kg .1 2.1 Shell side friction factor fs = exp(0.54 W/m -K 2 2.8 K .66 2800.300 8526. 1.1 Surface area of heat exchanger for clean condition ( with fouling Effect ) Af = Q Uf Tm Af Ac = 156.3 Wall temperature Tw = Tt1+Tt2 2 + = 297.2 Reynolds Number Equivalent Diameter Res De = (ms/As)(De/µs) = = f(Square.SHELL SIDE CALCULATION 1.500 0.ME I.Cold fluid ( Predicted from energy and mass balance) msCps(Ts1-Ts2) = 295.0 NUMBER OF TUBES .40 m m m m W/m .024234 = f(Clearance.9 0. Baffle spacing) di N t = 0. Ts1+Ts2 2 the tube length 1 2 2 2.6044 o Inlet temperature Mass flowrate Density Ther al Conductivity Dyna ic viscocity Specific Heat Prandtl number Velocity of fluid inside the tubes C kg/s kg/m3 kg/ W/m .125 m s 2.0 Outer surface area .1 1.637(CL/CTP)1/2(A'PR2do/L)1/2 0.32 W/m -K 0.55 1/3 0.21 for parallel flow 7.27 1406. average temperature between cold and hot fluid across therefore: the absolute viscosity and wall temperature of = 0.300 2.996 m 2.28) = 0.016 0.576 -0.3.0 SHELL PRESSURE DROP The shell-side fluid experiences a pressure drop as it passes through the exchanger.0 Log mean temperature difference across the heat exchanger (LMTD) Ts2 = LMTD = tmax . based on corrected shell clearance of tubes and baffle spacing.0 TUBE SIDE PRESSURE DROP 1.0008292 N.00208 F = 0.3 Prandtl number Reynold number at tube side Friction factor at given Re (f/2)RetPrt 1. MEP .s/m2 4178.58lnRet .649.000176 m2 .3 Bundle Crossflow As Square Pitch .27 W/m2-K 1.K Kpa Kpa # Summary of THE HEAT EXCHANGER S ary f THERMAL DESIGN OF HE T E HANGE L ESI ( & "  !!    ¡  ¡ ¢¡   ¨© ¨¨ § ¦ ¦ ¤ ¥ ¤ 0) % ' \$# %      £ PT .800 1 Shell diameter m 1121.20 the flow is turbulent -2 = (1.25 m2 2.K W/m . TUBE SIDE CALCULATION: 1.89 m 4.28) ftLNp di 4Np -2 = µc2 2 0.3 K mtCpct 2.72 2 8.19ln(Res)) = 0.07 2 Number of tubes 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 Length of tubes(Allowancefor tubesheet not included) Tube outside diameter Tube inside diameter Baffle spacing ( baffle cut at 25%) Tube pitch Number of passes Thermal Conductivity of tubes Tube side heat transfer coefficient Shell side heat transfer coefficient Clean overall heat transfer coefficient Fouled overall heat transfer coefficient Tube side pressure drop Shell side pressure drop 4.01 -09 1 Doc.125 m .024 m s 2 De of triangular pitch in tube layout De 1/2 2 = 4(PT (3) /4. OVERALL HEAT TRANSFER COEFFICIENT 1.32 1869.8023645 2 m/s 0.93 0.11 2 Q Uc Tm Uc = Use: 2. Nt = 4mtNp/ tvt di = II.005797 = + c = 58. Baffle spacing) for 90 and 45 for 30o and 60o one tube pass two tube pass three tube pass Use: 0.9400 = 7.K W/m2 .55 KW Q =(mscps)(Ts1 -Ts2) = 5.68 6. Baffle spacing) = DsCB PT 0 2 = 0.HEAT & MASS BALANCE 1.6144 o o o 9 Total fouling factor SHELL SIDE: COLD SIDE 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Inlet temperature Outlet temperature Average temperature Mass flowrate Density Thermal Conductivity Dynamic viscocity C C C 3 kg/s kg/m 9 Specific Heat 5.85 ht = ( This correlated heat transfer coefficient at shell side condition of flow ) IV.K 0.3 Surface design area of heat exchanger at certain 30 % more allowance for fouling effect 2 A' = 126.MECHANICAL ENGINEER.989 2.14 = 0.36ks Res Prs De where: Nus Ks de Res Prs = = = = = Nusselt number of fluid outsidethe tubes Thermal conductivity of fluid outside the tubes Equivalent diameter of shell Reynold number flow outside the tubes Prandtl number of flow outside the tunes 11.7 Tube Pitch Ratio Tube Layout Constant PR = PT/do = f(Clearance.655 K for Counter flow 4.406.2010 HX .3.36ks Res Prs De o o = 1 1. PRESSURE DROP .0009832 N. . Revi i Pr ject Title Part : : HEAT EXCHANGER FOR CHILLED WATER Horizontal Shell Sketch : H HEAT EXCHANGER THERMAL CALCULAT EXCH ER T AL ULATION BY REY FIEDAC R EDACAN.80 m V.08 for counterflow 3. over the tubes.6 Number of Baffles Gs = = 398.488.K 6.1 K where: LMTD = LMTD = 6.0 CTP = 0.K/W 32 25 28.5 50 996. and around the baffles.07.6 2.4 Total flow area of tubes As = f(Clearance.225 m 4 0 s = f(Clearance.07. m Rey Fiedacan 11.637(CL/CTP)( do PR N ) 0 s = f(Clearance.based on the mass flowrate of cold fluid inside the tubes and recommended velocity on the specified number of passes.55 1/3 0.2010 -fi Designed by Date r @ h . Baffle spacing) 2 2.4 = 1.24 m Effective length of tube for area in heat transfer A' L = N t do Use: L = 2.68 m corrected shell diameter at the given length = however.54 58. De = 0.5 Number of Baffles Nb = -1 = 7 2.019 0.s/m2 4181.018 m s Flow do Use: 2.s 2.0009001 kg/m .19431 R = 3.5 Estimated Shell Diameter Ds = 0.2 2.0 LMTD Calculation ( Corrected ) where : Tm = F(LMTD) = 6.6762 Kpa = 8.121 tubes 374 per pass 2.K 0.This is used to determined the pumping power required to handle the fluid in tubes and shell.tmin tmax ln tmin P = 0.07+12.K W/m2 .7(f/2)1/2(Prt2/3 -1) Prt Ret Ft = = 6.7(f/2)1/2(Prt2/3 -1) Nutkt di = 225.0 Outer surface area .66 W/m -K ht = = ( This correlated heat transfer coefficient at tube side condition of flow ) III.Fouled heat transfer coefficient m 2263.0 HEAT DUTY OF HEAT EXCHANGER heat transfer between shell & tubes based on the temperature difference between hot fluids inlet and outlet condition.87 0.0 SHELL SIDE HEAT TRANSFER BY KERN CORRELATION which predicts results in the range of 2x103< Res = GsDe/µ< 1 x106 ht = 0.06 the flow is turbulent 2.025 3. 2 fsG s(Nb+1)D's Ps = 2 sD e s 2.2 do -1 do 1 do ln( di ) 1 Uf = + Rft = kt ho + di hi + 2 1. 1. N .005797 Nut = (f/2)RetPrt 1.000 42.5ln(Ret) .0 Temperature of outlet fluid . No.593 kg/m2-s therefore: Ps = = = fsG s(Nb+1)D's 2 sD e s 6.5 < Prt < 200 Nut = 2.ENGINEERING CALCULATION THERMAL CALCULATION OF HEAT EXCHANGER TYPE: SHELL & TUBES HELL EVELOPED USING EXCEL BY REY FIEDACAN. Baffle spacing) = 0.0 NUSSELT NUMBER ( CORRELATION FROM Petukhov .4 Correction Factor s 24.2 Tube side friction factor Tube side friction factor ft Pt = (1.2 Check for % surface design Os = Use: = 61% Os = 30 % 2.462.1 Surface area of heat exchanger for clean condition ( No fouling Effect ) Ac = = 97.K W/m2 .337 m CL = = CL = CL = CTP = CTP = CTP = 1.930 2 2.

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