FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling

ROADMAP
Week 1 :
Introduction To SAP, view and understand the overview file.
Enterprise Structure Define Company, Company code & Assign the same.
Maintain Fiscal Year Variant, Posting Period Variant, Document Number Ranges,
Document Type, Posting Keys, Field Status Variants & Groups & Assignment of the
same wherever necessary.
Simple Chart of Accounts Create a simple Chart of Accounts, Assign the same, Edit GL A/c’s, Enter
Transactions, Post with reference, Account Assignment Model, Recurring Document
and Batch Processing, Document Parking and Document Extract.
Period End Closing Understand the Closing concept, Close the company created, view the Balance
Sheet, Accounts, carry forward balances to the next year, and view the Retained
Earnings Account.
Week 2 :
International COA Create a company encompassing all features of the SAP standard company 0001,
create a COA in line with the INT COA, Assign as necessary, Edit Gl A/c Collectively,
Enter Transactions, Post with reference, Account Assignment Model, Recurring
Document and Batch Processing, Document Parking and Document Extract.
Cash Journal Create GL A/c for Cash Journal, Document Types, Number Range Interval, Setup
Cash Journal, Business Transactions, and Posting.
Taxation Understand the concept of a non-jurisdictional Tax Procedure, Condition Type,
Access Sequence, Account Key, Tax Codes, Input / Output Tax, Calculation and
Posting. Jurisdictional Tax Procedure will be configured independently by the
student at this stage.
Week 3 :
Accounts Receivable Create Customer Master Records, raise invoices, receive incoming payment, assign
and clear open items, Down payment request, creation and clearing, Maintain
Terms of Payment. Installment Payment terms to be configured independently by
the student.
Dunning Define Dunning Area, Dunning Keys, Dunning Procedure, Dunning Notices.
Interest Define Interest Calculation Types, Number Ranges, Arrears Interest Calculation,
Interest Run and Posting. Balance interest to be configured independently.
Week 4 :
Accounts Payable Create Vendor Master Records, Input Tax, raise bills, create outgoing payments.
Std Withholding Tax Understand the concept of WT, Basic Settings, Calculation and Postings.
Extended WT will be configured independently by the student.
House Banks Define House Banks, Outgoing Payment Configuration, Number Ranges for Cheques,
and Bank Reconciliation. Automatic Payment Run to be configured independently.
Foreign Currency
Translation
Understand the concept of foreign currency translations, enter exchange rates,
valuate open items at closing with reversals.
Week 5 :
SD/MM definition,
assignment, and
integration
Define Credit Control Area, Valuation Level, Plant, Location, Division, Sales
Organisation, Distribution Channel, Storage Location, Shipping Point and
Assignment of the same. Define Common Distribution Channel and Division. Check
Enterprise Structure for Sales and Distribution. Understand integration concepts,
and assign GL A/c’s.
Create Material [FERT] Create material, initial stock entry, check stock of material.
Pricing Procedure Understand the concept of pricing procedure, condition type, access sequence,
account key, procedure determination, and maintenance of condition records.
Sales Order & Billing Create Sales Order, Outbound Delivery, Billing Document, Accounting Entries.
Week 6 :
Asset Accounting Understand Organization Structure, Chart of Depreciation, Depreciation Areas, Asset
Classes.
Integration Define and Assign GL A/c’s, Posting Keys, Field Status Variants, Tax Indicators.
Asset Data Create Asset, acquire with / without vendor [ opening balances ].
Depreciation Understand Depreciation Keys.
Transactions Understand Acquisitions, Retirements, Depreciation Run and Posting.
Legacy Data Upload Understand Legacy Data Upload using Microsoft Excel.
Week 7 :
Controlling Maintain Controlling Area, Assign the same and maintain number ranges
Cost Element Accounting Create Default Cost Center, Primary Cost Element, Secondary Cost Element
Cost Center Accounting Activate Cost Center Accounting in Controlling Area, Maintain Standard Hierarchy,
Create Cost Center Groups and Cost Centers, Select Planner Profile, Cost and
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
Activity Input, Enter Plan and Actual amounts, Generate Variances, Redistribution
and Assessment of Primary and Secondary Cost Elements across Cost Centers.
FI - Notes :
SM01 : LIST OF ALL TRANSACTION CODES
SM04 : TO DISPLAY OTHER USERS
SM12 : TO CLEAR LOCKS
SM35 : TO PROCESS SESSIONS
SE09 : TO RELEASE TRANSPORT REQUESTS [sap/tools/abap
………….workbench/overview/transport organizer]
SE11 : FOR DATABASE TABLES
SE17 : TO ANALYSE TABLE ERRORS
SE38 : ABAP EDITOR & ALL OPTIONS TO GENERATE , EXECUTE ETC.
SHDB : Batch Data Communication
SBWP : Business Workplace [ for SAP Mail etc ]
SEARCH_SAP_MENU : TO SEARCH FOR MENU PATH THRU TRAN CODES
Some Commonly Used Terms :
IDES International Demonstration Evaluation Server
ASAP Accelerated SAP [ systems, applications and products ]
CIN Version Country India Version
LSMW Legacy System Migration Workbench
CATT Computer Aided Testing Tool
BDC Batch Data Communication
CRM Customer Relationship Management
SEM Strategic Enterprise Management
BIW Business Information Warehouse
KM Knowledge Management
BOR Business Object Repository
SQL Structured Query Language
GUI Graphical User Interface
RFID Radio Frequency Identification
APO Advanced Planning Optimizer
EAI Enterprise Application Integration
IDOC Intermediary Document
EDI Electronic Data Interchange
ALE Application Link Enabling - used to distribute data [master &
tran] across different systems
BAPI Business Application Programming Interface
ABAP Advance Business Application Programming Language
LES Logistics Execution System
BPML Business Process Master List
OLAP Online Analytical Processing
ATP Available to Promise
B2B Business to Business
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
OSS Online Support System
BADI Business Add In
CMOD Customer Modification
ERP Enterprise Resource Planning
EWS Enterprise Wide System
BPR Business Process Re Engineering
SME Small & Medium Enterprises
ENTERPRISE STRUCTURE : IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Financial Accounting
• In “Definition” stage, we define
o Company
o Credit control Area
o Company codes
o Business Area
o Functional Area, and
o Other organizational units.
• DEFINE COMPANY: Define Company, enter address etc.
Use “New Entries” to define a new Company. It is to put in existence a Company with all its
addresses and other details. A Company serves as a Global group under which various
Subsidiaries, Branches & Offices can be configured. A lot of data or SAP implementation
variables can be defined at the Company level and shall be applicable to all the Subsidiaries,
Branches & Offices under this group, eg. Chart of Accounts.
 Note: While saving, a ‘Customizing Request’ Organizer prompts up – This
stores changes made by every individual configuration w.r.t tables changed, date of change
made, etc. It can be used as a tool to troubleshoot the changes & also to put accountability
on configuration makers. Changes made can be viewed via Header > Utilities > Change
Request Organizer (available only inside an IMG screen)
 Note: Any In-house Document (created by any user on the same client) can be
recalled entering ‘*’ in the Reference Field and opting for ‘Tree On’.
 Note: If in run-time, while still in some activity, server goes down connection
is lost, such activity will be locked for editing. To unlock, use SM12 transaction.
• DEFINE / DELETE / CHECK COMPANY CODE :
• Edit company code data [OX02]: Create your co code. DO NOT COPY AT
THIS STAGE.
• IMG/ES/ASSIG/FA: ASSIGN COMPANY CODE TO COMPANY: Assign the
company created under 1 to the company code created under 2.
IMG > Enterprise Structure > Assignment > Financial Accounting
Assign Company Code to Company
All the company codes which were under one group are assigned to the Group. The purpose is to
assign common variables defined at the Company level to the company codes also and for
consolidated reporting purposes.
TO CHECK GLOBAL SETTINGS - [ OBY6 ]
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
• IMG/FA/GLOBAL SETTINGS/FISCAL YEAR - [ OB29 ]
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Fiscal Year
Fiscal year variant is maintained at the company code level. SAP has provided various fiscal year
variants, hence only assignment is needed. eg:
K4 Type : JAN –DEC 1 - 12
V3 Type : APR-MAR 1 - 12
All fiscal types come with 12 posting periods (months) and 4 special periods (months) i.e, after
regular entries in 12 normal posting periods, adjustment entries can be passed in following 4
special periods, which though falling in next fiscal period will be reflected in the accounts of
preceding fiscal only.
 Note: In case of fiscal types which are different from calendar year, SAP
adjusts the months that fall in next calendar by “an year shift variable of -1”.
• Maintain Fiscal Year Variant : fiscal year can be
1. Year dependent
2. Year independent
3. Calendar
4. Shortened
• Period : Fiscal year is made up of periods 1 – 12. There can be a maximum of 12
normal posting periods and 4 special 13-16 posting periods. Thus for a General
Ledger there can be a maximum of 16 posting periods, and for a Special Ledger
( where cross flow exists like PCA, PCC etc ) there can be a maximum of 65
posting periods. Once the FYV is defined, periods can be accessed and defined.
Every business transaction is allocated to a posting period. Weekly will have 52
posting periods.
• Day : Last valid calendar date to be specified for each period. FYV 24 PP
Month Day Period Year Shift
1. 1 15 1 +1 for next yr
2. 1 31 2 -1 for last yr
3. 2 14 3 0 for cur yr
4. 2 28 4 periods cannot be maintained for
calendar dependent FYV. FYV does not contain info whether a period
is open or closed. This is accessed thru open / close posting periods.
• Year dependent fiscal year means the start and end date of the PP of some FY will
be different from the dates of other FY, and / or if some FY use a different no of
PP. If one year of a FYV has less posting periods than others, it is called a
shortened FY. This could be required if closing has to be made before the end of
the normal FY. The shortened FY and its no of PP has to be specified before the
definition of period dates and for this year only, a lesser no of PP can be assigned.
FY can be defined separately in different modules, which will take precedence
over global settings for that module. Year Independent FY
• Month Day Period Year Shift
1. Jan 31 10 -1
2. Feb 28 11 -1
3. Mar 31 12 -1
4. Apr 30 1 0
5. May 31 2 0
6. Jun 30 3 0
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
7. Jul 31 4 0
8. Aug 31 5 0
9. Sep 30 6 0
10. Oct 31 7 0
11. Nov 30 8 0
12. Dec 31 9 0
• Assign company code to Fiscal Year Variant. [ OB37 ]
IMG/FA/GLOBAL SETTINGS/DOCUMENT
• Posting Periods : The variant principle is widely used in the R/3 system to assign
special properties to one or more R/3 objects. The advantage of using variants is
that it is easier to maintain properties which are common among several business
objects ( FSV, FYV, PPV )
1. Steps : Define the variant - K4
2. Populate the variant - calender year
3. Assign the variant to the appropriate company code.
• Define Variants for Open Posting Periods : define as necessary. [OBBO]
• Open & Close Posting Periods : In case of a FY which spills over 2 years, define
2002-03 as 2002,2003 with periods 1-12, & 13-16. OB52
• Assign Posting Period Variants to Company Code : assign. [ OBBP ]
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Posting Period
Define Variants for open Posting Period
Here a name is given to the posting period variant. SAP standard is 0001.
Open & Close Posting Periods
This function is used to allow posting any particular account within a any desired period only. The
variant type defined above is populated with characteristics i.e, in the combination of Variant type,
Account type, Account Nos and Posting Period.
Account types maintained by SAP are
‘+’ Valid for all account types Populating ‘+’ type is necessary even if all account
types have been defined separately
‘A’ Assets
‘D’ Customers
‘K’ Vendors
‘M’ Materials
‘S’ G L Accounts
‘V’ Contract Accounts
Activity:
Variant type frm a/c to a/c frm pd1 year to prd year frm pd2 year to prd
year
0001 + 1 2004 12 2005 13 2005 16
2005
0001 A ZZZZZ 1 2004 12 2005 13 2005 16
2005
0001 D ZZZZZ 1 2004 12 2005 13 2005 16
2005
0001 K ZZZZZ 1 2004 12 2005 13 2005 16
2005
0001 M ZZZZZ 1 2004 12 2005 13 2005 16
2005
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Imp: ‘+’ type can be defined without ‘frm a/c’ & ‘to
a/c’ limit, but for others i.e, A, D, K, M & S, a/c limits
are required. However if posting periods are across
accounts, “zzzzzzzzz” must be entered in ‘to a/c’ field.
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
0001 S ZZZZZ 1 2004 12 2005 13 2005 16
2005
Assign Variants to Company Code
Variant properties are assigned to a Company code.
• Document Number Ranges : Copy from. Once copied, internal no range is
given. External No range if checked, is to be given by the user. [OBA7]
• Define Document Number Ranges : not necessary if copied earlier.
• Copy to Company Code : not necessary if copied earlier.
• Copy to Fiscal Year : not necessary if copied earlier.
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Document No Range
Define Document Number Ranges
Here Document No Ranges can be copied from any other existing Company code, Intervals / Ranges
be changed, Status (i.e, whether any external no. is to be used or what should be the status of
current document no.) can also altered. When ‘External’ is selected, SAP does not use internal
Number range but allows user to enter Document number manually.
SAP has defined 54 Document No Ranges ( 00 – 51 & X1 – used for Recurring Documents, X2 – used
for Sample Document). One can select a document number range out of these ranges or range can
also be altered according to ones own specification.
Activity :
Copy from 0001 (SAP standard company) (IN01 does not have any doc no
range)
to ABCD
Copy to Company Code
Document number ranges are Company code specific. Hence Document number range(s) used by
any Company code can be copied to any other Company code.
 Note : Copy function can be possible only if there is no other number range
existing in the target fiscal year or the target company code.
Copy to Fiscal Year
If Document Number ranges have been defined as year-dependent, here range of one year can be
copied to anther year within the same company code.
 Note : If document no range has been defined for any specific year only
(first activity as above), the same can be copied to another year in the same co
code. By putting 9999 in ‘To Year’ field, document no ranges are defined for all
years in that co code.
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
 Note : Copy function can be possible only if there is no other number range
existing in the target fiscal year or the target company code.
IMG/FA/GLOBAL SETTINGS/DOCUMENT HEADER
• Define Document Type : [ OBA7 ] Predefined document types are already in
place. SA – G/L a/c type. A/c type allowed :
1. Assets
2. Customers
3. Vendors
4. Material
5. G/L Account.
• Control Data :
1. Net Doc Tyoe – whether NETT
2. Customer vendor check
3. Negative postings allowed.
4. Inter Company Posting.
• Required during Document Entry :
1. Reference No.
2. Document Header Text.
• Special Usage :
1. Batch Input only.
2. Rollup – minimum details saved.
3. Planning
4. Account Allocation
• Default Value : Exchange rate type for foreign currency document …….. [ M
avg translation rate ]
• Assignment of Document Class to Document Type : Document class for Cr
Memo would be C.
1. A - Invoice
2. B - Payment
3. C - Credit Memo
4. D - Debit Memo
5. E - Customs Document
6. F - RG ----
7. G - RG ----
• Maximum Exchange Rate Difference : in %age terms for each co code.
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Document Header > Document Types
• Document types are defined for customer, vendor and general ledger business
transactions in Financial Accounting. Document types differentiate business transactions
and control document filing.
• A number range is specified for each document type. Document numbers are chosen
from this number range. One number range can be used for several document types.
• Document types are valid for all clients. A number range key is specified for each
document type. Moreover the desired number range intervals for each number range key
based on the company code. This means that one can specify intervals of different sizes
for the same number range.
• The preset document types cover business transactions in Financial Accounting for:
→ General ledger accounting SA
→ Accounts receivable Cust Invoice – DR, Cust Pymt – DZ
Int – DA
→ Accounts payable Vendor Inv – KR, Vendor Pymt – KZ
Int – DA
→ Asset accounting AA
→ Consolidation
IMG/FA/GLOBAL SETTINGS/LINE ITEM/CONTROLS
• Posting Key [ OB41 ] : 40/50 Dr / Cr GL A/c [ global ]
• Field Status Variant [ OBC4 ] : [ local ] - normally copy as. You group several
field status groups into one field status variant. Assign a company code to a FSV.
This allows you to work with the same FSG in any no of co codes. A FSG
determines the screen layout for doc entry. Fields can have the following statuses.
Optional / Required / Suppresed entry. Enter the FSG in the master record of the
GL a/c. When a doc is entered, the definitions stored for the group are effective.
The FSG determines which fields are ready for input, required and hidden. Bear
in mind that additional assignments [ i.e. cost centers or orders ] are only possible
if data can be entered in the corresponding fields.
• Assign FSV to Company Code : assign. [ OBC5 ]
• Screen Variants for Doc Entry :
1. Standard - to be used.
2. Austria & Switzerland
3. France & Witholding Tax – for TDS.
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Line Items > Controls
Define Posting Keys
There are standard SAP defined posting keys which one has to use. For eg.
40 Dr G/L Account
50 Cr G/L Account
Maintain Field Status Variant
Field Status Variants determine which fields are ‘required’, ‘optional’ or ‘suppressed’ out of available
fields w.r.t various information General, Accounting, Material, Sales, etc in any particular data entry
screen.
SAP has defined a variant type 0001 which contains more than 50 variant groups (all groups pertain to
different information types say, general, material management, Cost account, Asset account, etc.
These groups are associated with respective G/L Accounts so that any data entry relating to that G/L
Account will have fields based on properties of the FSV associated with such G/L Account.
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
Data fields that can be controlled by FSVs here are:
General Data
Additional account assignments
Payment transactions
Asset accounting
Taxes
Foreign Payments
Consolidation
Real Estate Management
Financial Assets management
Assign Company Code to Field Status Variant
Here a Company is given the properties of FSV as defined above.
• Define Tolerance Groups for Employees : Not defining tolerance groups will
restrict data entry. [ OBA0 / OBA4 ]
1. Valuewise [upto 1,000,000 etc ]
2. Cash Discounts
3. Payment Difference [not recd full amount]
• Assign User / Tolerance Groups : assign. [ Smith = generic ]
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Line Items > Define Tolerance
Group for Employees
In this activity, amount limits are pre-defined for employees w.r.t the following:
→ the maximum document amount the employee is authorized to post
→ the maximum amount the employee can enter as a line item in a
customer or vendor account
→ the maximum cash discount percentage the employee can grant in a
line item
→ the maximum acceptable tolerance for payment differences for the
employee.
Apart from the above, ‘maximum’ payment difference can also be defined whereby differences are
automatically posted to cash discount, revenue or expense account as required. Any difference is first
adjusted to cash discount (to the extent allowed here and permitted by max cash discount % defined
above) and if this limit is exhausted, balance is adjusted to the revenue or expense account (which
can be a combination of absolute amount & a %)
 Note : Allowed Payment differences are posted automatically within certain
tolerance groups. This way the system can post the difference by correcting the
cash discount or by posting to a separate expense or revenue account.
 Note: There must be at least one Tolerance Group for each Company.
Leaving ‘Group’ field ‘blank’ means the limits are applicable to all the employees. If
any employee(s) is to be allowed some other limits, another Tolerance Group has to
be created and populated with the employee identification (via next IMG step :
“Assign users to Tolerance Groups”). Rest of the employees will be governed by
‘blank’ Tolerance Group.
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One can customize the status of these groups
as required.
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
SIMPLE CHART OF ACCOUNTS
• IMG / FA / GL / Master Records :
• Preparation : Edit COA List : Desc, Lang, Length [10], Manual Creation of Cost
Element.
IMG > Financial Accounting > General Ledger Accounting > G/L Accounts > Master Records >
Preparations
Edit Chart of Accounts
• A Chart of Accounts is created with various parameters like Maintenance Language (EN),
Length of G/L Accounts (6), Manual / Automatic creation of cost elements, Group Chart of Accounts
for consolidation purposes, etc.
• Chart of Accounts can be assigned to many companies i.e, it is specific to Company level and
not Company code level.
• G/L Accounts work in association with a specific Chart of Accounts. i.e, If in a company code
G/L accounts have been created w.r.t a Chart of Accounts, such Company code cannot be assigned
any other Chart of Accounts. To do so, first G/L account company code data has to be deleted via
IMG > FA > GL Accounting > GL Accounts > Master Records > Deletion.
• Chart of Accounts can only be deleted if it has not been assigned to any Company or no entry
has been made.
Activity :
Define ABCD ABCCO Chart of Accounts [CAIN is SAP standard COA for India]
Important settings:
Length of G/L accounts 8 (INT has 6 digits)
 Note : even after some G/L a/c s have been created with 8 digits, length can
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be changed and the changed length will be applicable to new G/L a/c s created
thereafter. This should not be allowed by SAP.
Controlling integration “manual creation of cost elements”
i.e. user has the option to create related cost element by himself
w.r.t the G/L a/c
other option “automatic creation of cost element”
i.e. related cost element is automatically created on saving the G/L a/c if a default value for
the cost element category has already been set for this cost
element
o Assign Co Code to COA : assign.
Assign Chart of Accounts to Company Code
Unless a Chart of Accounts is assigned, no G/L Account can be created.
Activity :
Assign ABCD (ABCCO – Plant) ABCD (ABCCO Chart of Accounts)
 Note : There is an option of assigning Country COA also in addition to Co
Code specific COA. This would be needed in the following two circumstances:
→ where usage of country chart of accounts is required by law in
some countries.
→ the connection between the account in the worldwide standard
chart of accounts - used by the parent company, and the account
in the country chart of accounts can be set up
o Define A/c Group : COA, A/c group – name, from a/c to a/c which will decide
the no range for the GL a/c, and the entry screens for which dbl click & a/c
control, doc entry etc – Supress / Reqd / Optional.
Define Account Groups
• When creating a G/L account, you must specify an account group.
• The account group determines:
→ the Interval in which the account number can be created using FS00
→ which Fields are ‘Required’, ‘Optional’ and ‘Suppressed’ when creating and changing
master data.
• Account groups for G/L accounts are based on the chart of accounts
• SAP has defined 5 standard Account Groups
AS CASH GL MAT PL RECN
o Define Retained Earnings A/c : Like a P&L a/c to collect & carry forward.
[ Enter X {table populated} & 900000 ] If it gives error message, repeat, & it will
save.
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Define Retained Earnings Account
You assign a retained earnings account to each P&L account by specifying a P&L statement account
type in the chart of accounts area of each P&L account.
At the end of a fiscal year, the system carries forward the balance of the P&L account to the retained
earnings account. You can define one or more P&L statement account types per chart of accounts and
assign them to retained earnings accounts.
SAP has kept this activity in main IMG (instead of leaving it on implementer to create in FS00 mode)
becoz unless this is defined, incomes & expenses of previous period cannot be brought forward.
SAP standard Retained Earnings a/c
INT Sample Chart of Accounts (by SAP) 900000
GKRGerman Standard Accounting System (used by 0001) 900000
IKR Chart of Accounts – Industry 332000
CAIN Chart of Accounts – India 11610000
(this activity is done using an account assignment key ‘X’)
i.e. P&L Stat G/L a/c
X 11610000
o Individual Procesing : GL A/c Creation & Processing/ Edit GL A/c
[INDIVIDUAL PROCESSING]/ Edit GL Ac Centrally
• FS00 : Edit GL a/c centrally
• Screens : Type desc : A/c group, P&L/BS, Text [enter some text ]
• Control Data : INR, Tax Category, Posting w/o tax allowed, Open Item
Mgmt [will allow open item mgmt like for GR/IR clg]
• Create Bank Int : Field status group, House Bank, A/c Id
• Fin Stat Version for Reporting : for statutory reporting.
IMG > Financial Accounting > General Ledger Accounting > G/L Accounts > Master Records > G/L
Account Creation & Processing > Edit G/L Account (Individual Processing)
Edit G/L A/c (Individual Processing)
A G/L Account has two parts :
→ Chart of Accounts data – Name of G/L account, whether P&L or B/S item, Language, etc
→ Company code data – Currency, Taxation, Field Status Group, Tolerance Group, Financial
Planning aspect, etc.
Edit G/L Accounts (Centrally) FS00
→ Both Chart of Accounts & Company coed data can be edited
Edit Chart of Accounts data FSPO
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→ Only Chart of Accounts data can be edited
Edit Company code data FSSO
→ Only Company code data can be edited
o List of A/c created : Info/GL Reports/Master Data S_ALR_87012326 for COA,
S_ALR_87012347 for Doc Extract.
[SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > General Ledger > Information Systems > G/L
Reports > Master Data > Chart of Accounts]
Chart of Accounts List (& FS00 details) S_ALR_87012326
G/L Accounts List (with properties) S_ALR_87012328
[SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > General Ledger > Information Systems > G/L
Reports > Document > General > Document items extract]
Document Item Extract (statement of entries) S_ALR_87012347
[SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > General Ledger > Account]
G/L Account Balances (Ledger Balances) FS10N
o Post with Reference : SAP/A/C/FA/GL/DocEntry/Others under F-02 general
posting, it is possible to Post with reference. This allows you to call back the
document. Post with reference will auto return the latest DOC no, so it is
important to remember the latest Doc no pr obtain it from the list. CAN BE USED
FOR REVERSAL POSTINGS ALSO.
G/L Documents Entry FB50 & F-02
 Note : F-02 is basic SAP G/L Document entry screen where each Dr. & Cr.
are entered in separate running screens. While FB50 is fast entry screen where
in one screen only all transactions can be entered.
 Note: F-02 besides the normal entry screen, gives you the option of post
with reference.
o Account Assignment Model : FKMT - like a template. The entire entry can e
prepared & stored under a variant name [ xxyyzz etc ]. Equivalence is like a
%age, where the various a/c’s are denoted in %age terms & when the entry is
called, the amounts get distributed. The entry is stored but not saved, hence dr/cr
need not tally. First create and then go to line items by icon Q [can also be created
from FB50 [use F-02 wef 470] & header edit option]. Use F-02 for entry & recall
the AAM from top button. In case of equivalence enter dr & cr items etc. FB50
can also be use to recall AAM thru Header/Environment/Complex posting etc.
Recalling Account Assignment Model : Before recalling an Account Assignment Model, it should
have been created via Document Entry > Reference Document (FKMT). It can be created
independently or with reference to some existing Model.
“equivalence to” to pre-define % allocation to G/L accounts
“calculate tax” to allow SAP to calculate tax automatically on line items.
 Note : This function is used to pass entries where specific and pre-defined
%s are allocated to various G/L accounts (expenses or income or any other item) out
of a gross Expense or Income for which a G/L document has to entered. eg. annual
payments at fixed point of time in an year which may include pre-paid expenses.
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 Note : While passing G/L Doc using Acct Assgn Model, only gross dr & cr
amount has to be entered and “on saving” it calculates the %s automatically and
brings to the F-02 screen.
o Sample Document : F-01 this is a document which can be prepared and stored
for future use. Dr/Cr need not tally. The entry is not saved. Recall with reference
& complete.
o Recurring Document : FBD1
• Scheduled to run on a particular date. The amounts have to be known &
predefined. [ repetitive sales entry etc ]
• The document is scheduled to run on a particular date within the 1
st
& last
run & an interval. Transfer amounts in local currency KEEP ON. A run
schedule can also be setup. Here the run date is very important & must be
remembered. To find run date use Lists – F.15 GL/Periodic
processing/Recurring entries Execute F.14 / Lists F.15.
• When you execute, after entering only the necessary parameters [ 1
st
run
etc ] at [process], you will get a message that a session has been created.
If the params are incorrect, the session will not be created.
• To run the session, from header System/services/batch input/sessions
select & process [in background] [sm35]
• Instead of processing above, you can also save as variant, which can be
recalled when a job is created. [The variant saves the parameters defined.
Hence a new parameter is required everytime. Execute thru sessions]
Recurring Document FBD1
If certain transactions appear periodically, and is same in all respect viz amount, Recurring
Document feature allows such entry to be made automatically at regular interval.
First Run time, Last Run time and interval is defined while creating a Recurring document.
Document type need to be specified. i.e, all types of entries can be passed thru Recurring
document feature.
Recurring documents can be Viewed (FBD3), Changed (FBD2), Deleted (F.56) and Changes be
displayed (FBD4)
o Document Parking : SAP/A/c/FA/GL/Doc Entry
• FV50 [ use F-02 wef 470 ] - edit or park G/L Doc
• F-65 - gen doc parking [ posting ] clear with FBV0
The document is parked with a sys generated doc no, but not posted. Hence
it will not appear in the reports like Doc Extract etc. When FV50 is used with
select parked doc [header], you can change the figures, but you can save
only if Dr=Cr. For parking the Dr need not = Cr. [ Useful to leave an entry
halfway. ] When saved, the entry is still not posted. Use post to close the
issue. To clear F-65 parking goto Parked Documents under Documents &
clear with FBV0.
Parking of G/L Documents FV50
A G/L Document can be parked for purposes like capturing of transaction in run-time but posting is
desired later say, after thorough verification by a senior. Various features of Parked Documents are as
follows:
⇒Transaction recorded but not posted
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⇒Dr. & Cr. need not be tallied for saving Parked documents.
⇒All Parked documents can be Viewed (FBV3), Changed (FBV2) and Posted (FBV0)
⇒All changes in Parked document can be viewed thru Display Changes (FBV5)
⇒Parked Documents, no longer relevant, can be refused thru Refuse Parked Documents (FBV6)
 Note: Parked Docs can also be “Saved as Completed” i.e, all ‘Preparation’,
‘Completion’ and ‘Posting’ function can be segregated for different authorities.
 Note: If the entry screen is in some other Company’s environment, it can be
changed thru “Edit” menu on header (as against “Environment” in some other cases).
PERIOD END CLOSING
• IMG/FA/GLA/Business Transactions/Closing
o Valuating - define valuation areas, valuation methods & prepare automatic
postings for foreign currency valuations.
o Regrouping - define valuation areas, define adjustment accounts for GR/IR
clearing [for goods recd, invoice not recd etc],
o Documenting - define financial statement versions [BAIN for India]
o Reporting - sales/purchases tax returns etc
o CarryForwarding - define retained earnings account
• SAP/AC/FA/GL/Periodic Processing/Closing/
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o Check/Count - F.03 Comparison gives a list of differences due to documents not
posted etc if any.
o Valuate - F.05 foreign currency valuation
o Regroup - F.19 GR/IR clearing
o Document - audit trails
o Report - Balance sheet, Profit & Loss etc
o Carrying Forward - F.16 balance carry forward
CHART OF ACCOUNTS
[ OB13 ]
1. Create a company from scratch, : IMG/ES/DEF/FA :
o Define Company
o Define,copy,delete,check co code : copy org object, change currency
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Edit, Copy, Delete, Check, Company Code
• Edit Company Code data – Here separate companies are defined within one Company (i.e, a
Group, as defined above) for which separate accounting is being done. Configuration can be made
at the company code level for things which are specific to the company code apart from the general
configuration done at Company level. Here Name, Address & other information are configured w.r.t
the Company Code. Further configuration shall be at other places but the concept is that those will
be specific to a Company code.
• Copy, Delete, Check, Company Code – One can also copy any existing company code data to
a new company code. Or any existing company code data can be changed / deleted. In case of
copying from some existing Company Code all Variants eg. Fiscal Period, Posting Period, Document
No ranges, Field Status variant, Company code data pertaining to G/L Account, etc (defined at
various places) gets copied as is available with the source company.
 Note: If copy function is used after a company code has been defined earlier (as
above), i.e, by giving a new name of target Company, company code data (various parameters)
of source company are not properly copied to the target company code.
 Note: However if copy function is used without defining a Company code first (as
above), SAP copies the address & other details of the source company. So, take care to change
the details accordingly.
 Note: While copying, SAP asks for if the G/L Accounts company code data is also to
be copied ? This should be done only when the source & target companies both come under the
same group and uses the same Chart of Account & G/L Account company code data. Becoz by
saying ‘yes’ here would allow SAP to copy Chart of Accounts & G/L Accounts as used by the
source Company. If any other Chart of Accounts is to be used by the target company, Chart of
Accounts & G/L Accounts Company code data should be copied at IMG > FA > GL Accounting >
GL Accounts > Master Records > GL Account Creation & Processing > Alternative Methods
(Here 'copy company code data’ means company code data pertaining to G/L Accounts only).
Otherwise first G/L Accounts company code data has to be deleted via IMG > FA > GL
Accounting > GL Accounts > Master Records > Deletion and then any other Chart of Accounts
& G/L Account company code data be assigned / copied to the target company.
 Note: G/L Account company code data means G/L accounts and all settings
pertaining to G/L accounts viz reconciliation a/c, taxes allowed or not, FSVs, etc. other company
code data are – fiscal year variants, document no ranges, posting period, etc.
o Assign Co Code to Company.
2. IMG / FA / GL / Master Records : Chart of accounts can be copied for simplicity,
though in realtime, it is created from the opening trial balance, schedules to the annual
accounts etc.
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3. GL A.c Creation & Proc/Alternative Methods :
o Copy COA [ OBY7 ] – normally copied from INT. Target COA must be NEW.
The COA is copied, but not the co code data like variants etc. It is possible to
delete a COA, if no data is entered, and it is not assigned.
IMG > Financial Accounting > General Ledger Accounting > G/L Accounts > Master Records > G/L
Account Creation & Processing > Alternative Methods
Copy Chart of Accounts : Here Chart of Accounts i.e G/L accounts (but not company code data
pertaining to a G/L accounts) can be copied from an existing Chart of Accounts respectively.
 Note : This function can only be done for a new COA (not an existing one),
but remember to assign the copied COA to the company code first and tehn
proceed to copy company code data (why – see the note below)
Copy Company Code : Here G/L Account Company code data can be copied from an existing company
code similar to the type being created, or can also be defined independently via FSSO.
(both of the above functions saves the user to define everything from the scratch)
 Note : G/L Accounts are always in relation to a Chart of Account, so when G/L Account
company code data is copied either at IMG stage while copying Company code or here without
creating and assigning a required Chart of Accounts, SAP copies Chart of Accounts associated with
the source company, and hence it partakes all the parameters of that Chart of Account.
4. Assign Co Code to COA - [ OB62 ] [Check COA by editing where necessary –
Manual Creation of Cost Elements, Group COA BLANK ]
5. Deletion : As the co code data is not copied, the existing co code data must be deleted,
so that the co code data for the COA can be copied. Therefore DELETE GL A/C WITH
GENERAL MASTER DATA IN CO CODE -----.
IMG > Financial Accounting > General Ledger Accounting > G/L Accounts > Master Records >
Deletions
• Delete G/L Accounts : Deletion here means deletion of G/L Account company code data. If these
data are not deleted, the concerned Chart of Accounts cannot be de-assigned.
→ You can only delete master records of G/L accounts that do not contain any
transaction data. The program does not delete the chart of accounts section of a
G/L account if the account is also a primary cost element in Controlling. You can
delete cost elements using program RKSCUS03.
• Delete Chart of Accounts : Chart of Accounts can only be deleted if it is not assigned
to any company, or after assignment, if no entry has passed (i.e, only then G/L Account data can be
deleted and Chart of Account de-assigned)
o Copy Co Code G/L A/c’s from 0001 : [ OBY2 ] copy. [Message of Diff COA is
ok]
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
6. Batch Data Communication : /NSHDB
o New recording - ZFS00
o Trancode FS00 - start recording.
o FS00 scr comes up. Pass a sample entry & save.
o On save, the recorded code comes up.
o Save recording.
o /NSHDB
o You can either run the process by Process Button [top], or create a program thru
the program button [top].
o Enter program name & transfer from recording.
o Title “Z---“ & save.
o You can change the source code.
o Select local object [message is program was created.]
o On selection you can view the source code.
o You can then generate & activate & test the prg thru the program option [top].
[ Use F8 to run, and give data file on server details ].
o On process as mentioned earlier, a small window opens, and you can change the
a/c no & other fields are entered auto.
o On test you can process thru batch or call trans as above.
7. Master Records
o Preparation : Edit COA List : Desc, Lang, Length [10], Manual Creation of Cost
Element. [ FSP1 / FSP2 / FSP3 ]
o Change GL A/c Collectively : Mass maintenance where a lot of a/c’s can be
changed one shot. Selection thru top left icon & < & Þ. To get rid of the
characteristics, put a “ “ on the top line, & to check use -. Any other field left
blank, wil be updated as “ “ in all such fields. Hence deselect all such fields which
need not be changed. Useful for “Posting w/o tax allowed etc etc “.
o Define A/c Group : COA, A/c group – name, from a/c to a/c. Field status for a/c
control – Supress / Reqd / Optional. - [ OBD4 ]
o Define Retained Earnings A/c : Like a P&L a/c to collect & carry forward. If it
gives error message, repeat, & it will save. - [ OB53 ]
o Individual Procesing : SAP / A/C / FA / GL / MASTER RECORDS /
INDIVIDUAL PROCESSING
• FS00 : Edit GL a/c centrally
• Screens : Type desc : A/c group, P&L/BS, Text [enter some text ]
• Control Data : INR, Tax Category, Posting w/o tax allowed.
• Create Bank Int : Field status group, House Bank, A/c Id
• Fin Stat Version for Reporting : for statutory reporting.
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o Cross Co Transactions : IMG/FA/GLA/BT/PREPARE CROSS CO CODE
TRANSACTIONS : From to is not important, as the a/c is created in both
companies. Dr/Cr for the same a/c. BUV – clearing against 2 co codes. When a
transaction is entered, even though the expense a/c of another co is given, in the
1
st
co the default cross co code will be picked up, and in the 2
nd
co, the other effect
will be borne by the default code. Hence for one entry, two sets of entries are
passed in 2 companies. Ensure that co code is entered in the appropriate line
entry. [ New Co Code in F-02 ]. You can setup pool a/c’s in both companies, and
pass one entry in any one co code. The line where the cross co code is mentioned,
will result in an entry to that a/c, with the pool a/c bearing the other effect in both
co codes.
IMG > Financial Accounting > General Ledger Accounting > Business Transactions > Prepare cross-
co codes transactions
One can define the accounts for the clearing entries the system makes when posting cross-company
code transactions. These clearing entries represent the receivables and payables between company
codes which result from central purchasing or payment.
You can specify G/L accounts as well as customer and vendor accounts for clearing between company
codes.
However, if the company code for which you are posting these items is an external one, then you can
specify only G/L accounts as the clearing accounts.
Customers sometimes make payment to the wrong company in a group of affiliated companies. You
can use cross-company code entry to minimize the number of entries for posting this payment. In
doing so, you debit your bank account (company code 1) and credit the customer account (company
code 2), and the system automatically generates clearing entries between both company codes.
Activity :
Create one pool account (G/L a/c), say 149999 for inter-company transactions in both the companies
that will be debited & credited depending upon the nature of transactions i.e. it is like inter-company
a/c.
Then while in data entry F-02 , note the following :
Situation : Co MRCM receiving payments on behalf of MRCD from the customer (say 2935) of MRCD
1
st
line item entry 40 (dr for SA doc) 113100 (Bank a/c in MRCM)
2
nd
line item entry 15 (cr for incoming pymts) 2935 (customer acct no in
MRCD)
(also put MRCD in ‘other co code’ field in case of second line item)
now this will suitably be reflected in both the companies as follows :
MRCM MRCD
40 dr 113100 amount 15 cr 2935 amount
50 cr 149999 amount (payable) 40 dr 149999 amount
(recvable)
(SAP presents dr & cr in increasing order of numbers)
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o Reconciliation A/c : Control account 140000 for Customers, 160000 for
Vendors.
o List of A/c created : Info/GL Reports/Master Data S_ALR_87012326 for COA,
S_ALR_87012347 for Doc Extract.
o Post with Reference : SAP/A/C/FA/GL/DocEntry/Others under F-02 general
posting, it is possible to Post with reference. This allows you to call back the
document. Post with reference will auto return the latest DOC no, so it is
important to remember the latest Doc no pr obtain it from the list.
o Account Assignment Model : FKMT - like a template. The entire entry can e
prepared & stored under a variant name [ xxyyzz etc ]. Equivalence is like a
%age, where the various a/c’s are denoted in %age terms & when the entry is
called, the amounts get distributed. The entry is stored but not saved, hence dr/cr
need not tally. First create and then go to line items by icon Q [can also be created
from FB50 [ use F-02 wef 470 ] & header edit option]. Use F-02 for entry & recall
the AAM from top button. In case of equivalence enter dr & cr items etc. FB50
can also be use to recall AAM thru Header/Environment/Complex posting etc.
o Sample Document : F-01 this is a document which can be prepared and stored
for future use. Dr/Cr need not tally. The entry is not saved. Recall with reference
& complete.
o Recurring Document : FBD1
• Scheduled to run on a particular date. The amounts have to be known &
predefined. [ repetitive sales entry etc ]
• The document is scheduled to run on a particular date within the 1
st
& last
run & an interval. A run schedule can also be setup. Here the run date is
very important & must be remembered. To find run date use Lists – F.15
GL/Periodic processing/Recurring entries Execute F.14 / Lists F.15.
• When you execute, after entering only the necessary parameters. [ FBD1
Enter company code, fiscal year, settlement period, which should coincide
with run date and user. [ 1
st
run etc ] at  [process], you will get a
message that a session has been created. If the params are incorrect, the
session will not be created.
• To run the session, from header System/services/batch input/sessions
select & process [in background] [sm35]
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• Instead of processing above, you can also save as variant, which can be
recalled when a job is created. [The variant saves the parameters defined.
Hence a new parameter is required everytime. Execute thru sessions]
• A job can be created in 2 ways :
o Defining a task : GL/Periodic Processing/Schedule Manager
SCMA When you click on schedule manager, the header will have
an option TASK LIST. Clicking TASK LIST will allow you to
create a task.
o JOB WIZARD : At the SCMA stage, at the header
ENVIRONMENT will allow activation of the Job Wizard to create
a JOB.
º Task List XYZTKL [ create ]
º Transaction F.14
o [an external prg can also be used which SAP will recognize thru
BAPI [Bus Appli Prog Interface]
º Variant[new] XYZREC1 [created earlier]
º JOB XYZJOB [now created]
o Recurring entries therefore have to be run on a particular date.
o Recurring Entries [different dates] :
IMG/FA/FaGLOBAL/DOCUMENT/REC_ENTRIES/Define_Run_Schedule
Enter Run Dates, Give run schedule name & save. When executing a recurring
entry giving the Run Schedule will enable pickup of Run Dates specified. Without
Run Date, the session will not be created.
o Document Parking : SAP/A/c/FA/GL/Doc Entry
• FV50 [ use F-65 wef 470 ] - edit or park G/L Doc
• F-65 - gen doc parking [ posting ] clear with FBV0
The document is parked with a sys generated doc no, but not posted. Hence it
will not appear in the reports like Doc Extract etc. When FV50 is used with
select parked doc [header], you can change the figures, but you can save only
if Dr=Cr. For parking the Dr need not = Cr. [ Useful to leave an entry
halfway. ] When saved, the entry is still not posted. Use post to close the
issue. To clear F-65 parking goto Parked Documents under Documents &
clear with FBV0.
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CASH JOURNAL
IMG/FA/BANK A/C / BUS TRANS/ CASH JOURNAL
1. Create GL a/c for Cash Journal – Ensure post automatically is on, so that posting can take
place automatically. [ 100000 Petty Cash A/c ]
IMG > Financial Accounting > Bank Accounting > Business Transaction > Cash Journal
Create G/L Accounts for Cash Journal
It refers to the activity at FS00. Petty cash items are entered thru Cash Journal while in some cases, even
receipt of customer cheques is also allowed.
SAP standard Petty Cash a/c no. is 100000
Important settings are:
FSV G001 (with text, assignment)
Post automatically ‘on’
Relevant to Cash Flow ‘yes’
2. Define doc types for Cash Journal Docs - SK [other doc types SA GL, DZ Customer
Receipt, KZ Vendor Payment] [ OBA7 ]
3. Define No range & interval for Cash Journal documents [ FBCJC1 ] - copy from 0001.
4. Setup cash journal : [ FBCJC0 ]
a. Give a Cash Journal Code
b. Various code for GL A/c’s, Customers, Vendors.
Set up Cash Journal
Here a name (usu. Petty Cash) and code (any numeric or character) is given to the Cash Journal w.r.t the
Company Code. Though CJ code shows a pop-up button, no CJ code is available as it is created here only. So
give any code desired and save.
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One Cash Journal can be maintained for one currency type. However if one want to maintain more than one
currency in the same Cash Journal, G/L Account for Cash Journal should not have “Post Automatically On”
(FS00).
5. Create, Change, Delete Business Transactions [ FBCJC2 ] : These tran types can be
copied, but as they are linked to GL a/c’s, change as reqd. These can be accessed at
FBCJ.
a. C receipts from bank GL a/c -------
b. B payment ot bank GL a/c --------
c. R Sales
For vendors & Customers, GL a/c’s need not be given, as they will be different for
A/P, A/R.
6. Setup Print params [ FBCJC3 ]– copy from 0001, output device – LP01.
7. Posting - SAP/A/c/FA/GL/Doc Entry - Cash Journal Posting FBCJ
ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE
[will require INT COA]
• IMG/FA/AR&AP/Customer A/c’s/Master Records/Preparation for creation/ Customer
Master Record preparation.[Bus partner is a customer who is also a vendor]
o Define A/c Groups with Screen Layout : Edit field status (Cust) [ OVT0]
IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Customer Accounts > Master Data > Preparations
Define Account Groups with screen layout (customers)
Account Groups are defined to
→ the interval for the account numbers
→ whether the number is assigned internally by the system or
externally by the user (type of number assignment)
→ which fields are ‘mandatory’, ‘optional’ or ‘suppressed’ when
creating and changing master records (field status) – this will
depend on the type of customer a/c i.e. if it is a one-time
customer, customer to whom goods are sold/delivered/billed
(these may be different persons)
 Note : Here status of fields (FSV) are defined in each ‘Account Group’
created i.e. it is not that FSV as defined at IMG > Financial Accounting > FA
Global Settings > Document > Line Items > Controls (which is assigned to the
company code)
Difference : FSV here relates to Customer master database, whereas FSV at co code
level relates to transactions with the customers.
When creating a customer account, you must specify an account group. You can specify a reference
account group under "Control" in the "General data" part of any customer account's master data.
 Note : If you do not specify a reference account group, then, as previously,
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
all fields of the customer’s account screen are ready for input during document
entry.
 Note : The reconciliation account field is defined as a required field since a
reconciliation account must also be specified for the one-time accounts. This field is
company code-dependent.
As many as 22 SAP standard settings are available:
Sold To Party 0001 One-time Cust (int no.) CPD
Goods Recipient 0002 One-time Cust (ext no.) CPDA
Payer 0003 Customer (general) DEBI
Bill To Party 0004 etc Customer (ext no.)
KUNA, etc.
For each Account Group:
→ an “Output Determination Procedure” is assigned,
→ specific “FSV Parameters w.r.t General Data, Company code data and
Sales data” are set as per the requirement, and
→ it specified whether it is a one-time account
There are 5 SAP defined “Output Determination Procedure” i.e. procedure to control output say,
Invoices, etc:
Sold To Party DB0001
Ship To Party DB0002
Bill To Party DB0003
Output For Payer DB0004
One can define his own Account Group, set FSVs as required, but “Output Determination Procedure”
has to be selected out of the above.
 Note : Account groups once assigned to a customer master & transactions
entered cannot be de-assigned, but FSV (earlier data relating to these fields remain
intact) and number ranges can be changed later.
o Define Screen Layout for Co Code : Dunning – SAP term for sending reminders
to customers.
Define Screen layout per Company code (customer)
Within a general setting for an Account Group, FSV settings can be changed for a specific Company
code. Here only Company code data (as defined at Account Group level) can be changed.
 Note: This function should be used only in exceptional circumstances. Normally this
requirement is controlled thru Account Groups (above) only.
o Define Screen Layout per Activity
Define Screen Layout per Activity (customer)
This IMG activity relates to creation of Customers. Three options are available to create customers:
Document
Entry
Create customer (Accounting) Only General & Company Code data
FD01
Create customer (Sales) Only General & Sales data
VD01
Create customer (Centrally) All of three
XD01
General data
Address : Name, Address, Language, ….
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
Control data : Tax information, ….
Payment : Bank details, …..
Marketing : Industry, customer classification, ….
Unloading pts : Goods receiving hours, ….
Export data : Data for export control, ….
Contact details : address of business partners (agents, etc)
Sales data
Orders : Sales office, currency, price group, ….
Shipping: Shipping conditions, transportation zone, ….
Billing doc : Terms of payment, output tax classification, ….
Partner funct : Ship-to-party, Bill-too-party, ….
Company code data
Account mgmt : Reconciliation account, [imp – 140000 in 4.6c, 24410000 /
24600000 in 4.7]
Cash mgmt group [cash flow]
Value adjustment key [foreign exchange closing valuation]
Interest indicator, Interest cycle, last interest run, …
Payment: Terms of Payment, Tolerance Group, Payment history record key,
A/R Pledging indicator, Payment methods, ….
Correspond : Dunning, Interest, ….
Insurance : Amount insured, ….
 Note:
• FSV parameters can be defined for any of these activity and is a general
specification for creation of all Customer. Any different requirement regarding the
fields in relation to any customer or class of customer, for eg. Suppressing
redundant details in case of one-time customers, etc can further be controlled
through FSV for ‘Account Groups’.
• Creation of customer, in real-time, originate from Sales & Distribution deptt, and
details relevant to FI can be fed by Finance deptt via FD02.
Account groups are linked with each of the customer (not co code) in its master record i.e. customer
are created under one of the Account groups.
o Define Industries
o Create No Ranges [ XDN1 ]
Create Number Ranges for Customer Accounts
SAP standard Number ranges are available. However one can change range interval and status
(external or internal) as per requirement.
 Note : External number assignment useful if you transfer master data from a
pre-system or an existing system. In all other cases, you should use the internal
number assignment.
The SAP system offers a number of help functions to determine an account number. Therefore the
account numbers no longer have to be "mnemonic". The help functions include the ‘matchcode’ or the
‘Previous acct no’ field in the customer/vendor master record.
o Assign No Ranges
Assign Number Ranges to Customer Account Groups
One type of Number range can be assigned to many Account Groups. Or, one can have separate no
ranges for separate Account groups.
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o Define A/R pledging indicator 1 = open. The AR pledging indicator should be
activated to allow PDC to be accounted on the date mentioned. Another field
“probable time until check is paid” refers to realization time i.e. 3 days for local
clg will give an accurate cash forecast.
Define Accounts Receivable Pledging Indicator
You use the accounts receivable factoring indicator to select customer master records and line items
within a company code to participate in the factoring procedure.
Before this factoring procedure must have been activated for the co code via IMG > Financial
Accounting Global Settings > Company Code > Activate Accounts Receivable Factoring Procedure per
Company Code.
o SAP/A/c/FA/AR&AP/Master Records :
º FD01 Create [ with sales areas VD01, all areas XD01]
º FD02 Change
º FD03 Display
º Search item CUST for searching
º Authorization group is a user defined field for analysis
º Customers bank data is to print customers bank details on the receipts
º Reconciliation account is 140000
º Sort key 001 by posting date
º Head office of the customer
º Cash management group for cash flow
º Value adjustment key for closing valuation of F/E valuation.
º Interest calculation – Last date will enable interest calculation from date
mentioned.
º Last interest run date on which interest was last run.
º “Slowly changing dimension “ to denote the details of a customer are
slowly changing and hence the need to maintain a payment history etc.
º Payment date [actually meant for Vendors]
• Only cash discount allowed
• Bill of exchange terms 0001 immediate.
• Known/negotiated/leave holidays can be used to avoid invoice
generation on such dates and avoid disputes in delayed payments.
º Probable time till check is paid , to indicate realization time & give better
cash flow [assume no bill discounting].
º Lock box – prevalent in US, where a box is used to deposit cheques, and
the bank/agency does the depositing.
º Payment advice notes
º Selection rule
º Dunning for reminders : can be blocked where not reqd in case of long
overdues, where legal action taken etc
º Collective invoice – no individual invoice, but a weekly invoice etc.
º Decentralized processing will send correspondence to branch office.
º Insurance details
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
Create Customer (Accounting) FD01
Example settings:
Sort key Posting date
Terms of payment 0001 i.e, Immediate
Tolerance Group ‘ ’ i.e, Blank
Reconciliation a/c 140000 i.e, Sales a/c
Create Customer (Sales) VD01
Example settings:
Shipping Point Only complete delivery
Tolerance level Unlimited tolerance
Calendar 99 i.e, International
Inco Terms EXW i.e, ex-works
Payment terms 0001 i.e, immediate
Acct assignment group 01 i.e, domestic revenues
Create Customer (Centrally) XD01
All the fields available in both VD01 & VD01 can be entered here.
Change Customer (Accounting) FD02
Change Customer (Sales) VD02
 Note: Any change in the customer master after some docs (say, orders, deliveries, billing
has been created but not printed/sent) doesn’t reflect in those documents except ‘address’. Other
things have to be manually altered.
IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Incoming Payments > Manual Incoming
Payments
Define Tolerances (Customer)
In this step, you specify the tolerances for customers. These tolerances are used for dealing with
differences in payment and residual items which can occur during payment settlement.
Allocate a tolerance group to each customer via the master record. For each tolerance group, specify the
following:
• Tolerances up to which differences in payment are posted automatically to expense or revenue
accounts when clearing open items.
• The handling of the terms of payment for residual items, if they are to be posted during clearing
 Note : Tolerance group created with ‘blank’ applies to all customers (as it is
defined for a company code) to whom any specific tolerance group is not assigned. If any
specific group is defined, it must be assigned to a customer account via ‘master record’.
[i.e. at least one tolerance group – ‘blank’ must be defined]
 Note: A ‘Payment term’ or a ‘Dunning key’ can also be assigned to tolerance group for posting
residual items from payment differences.
• SAP/A/c/AR/Document Entries
o FB70 - Invoice entries [ use F-22 wef 470 ]
o F-28 - Incoming payment
o F-26 - Payment fast entry
29 by Harnath
SALES
ORDER
CREDI
T
LIMI
T
DELIVER
Y
BILLING
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
SALES A/C 800000
DATA ENTRY – Sales Invoices
Entering outgoing Invoices FB70 (4.6c version) F-22 (4.7 version)
 Note: Reconciliation a/c defined in FD01 serves as a link between Invoice and Sales
G/L a/c.
• Incoming Payment : Bank 113100 Customers a/c xxxx. Optionally you can go for auto
search based on amount. It will bring up the amount in blue colour. If however the
payment does not tally with the invoice, SAP will not adjust, but display all different
receipts till final adjustment.
DATA ENTRY – Incoming Payments, Adjustments & Statements
Incoming Payments
[SAP Menu > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Document Entries]
Incoming Payments F-28
Payment Fast Entry F-26
 Note : Incoming payment can also be processed by F-06 under GL Doc
entry. (remember to change a/c type ‘D’ – customers instead of S – GL, which comes
by default)
 Note : Incoming payment can also be handled under FBCJ – cash journal.
However it would be necessary to ‘Clear’ these payments received, which need not
be done under F-28 / F-26, as the payment is already received against a specific
invoice.
o ARAP/Account
o FD10N - Display balances [drill down]
o FD11 - Analysis
For incoming payments F-26/28, after the invoice is created, it is possible that the
amount appears in display FD10N, but does not get processed as an open item. This
can be due to not defining tolerance groups. An error message will be displayed giving
table no, which can be analysed thru SE17, give table no and get lists by .Another
30 by Harnath
BLOCKIN
G
ANALY
SIS
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
reason could be IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/IP/AutoIP/Payment Method/Setup all co codes/
Select co & details : FP/FPJ Customer/Vendor types.
o Incoming payment can also be processed by F-06 under GL Doc entry, only A/c
type should be changed to D – customers instead of S –GL, which comes by
default.
o Incoming payment can also be handled under FBCJ – cash journal. However it
would be necessary to clear these payments received, which cannot be done
under F-28, as the payment is already received.
Customer Balances
[SAP Menu > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Account]
Display Customer Account Balances FD10N
Analyse Customer Account Balances FD11
Clear (incoming Payments under FBCJ) F-32
 Note : While clearing incoming payments, the following are possible:
• Partial payment – Diff posted can be used to make the amount not assigned as
0, and then posting is possible. The diff amt becomes an open item with current
date.
• Residual items – allow a residual amount to be kept and the rest is assigned. By
keeping a residual amount as not posted, it is possible to keep the amount not
assigned 0.
• Charge to expense a/c – it is possible to charge off amounts not assigned to
expenses like cash discount etc, with predefined reason codes.
• Distribution of residual items – possible based on reason codes.
or
[SAP Menu > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Account > Assignment]
Assignment of open items FB15
 Note : On using FB15, all items appear. Select the one for assignment &
“ASSIGN”. Next select the assigned items and clear. This will bring you to a partial
payment screen. Complete the assignment & save. Next return to FB15 & confirm. The
assigned items will go.
Edit Assigned items FB17
• Clearing
o To clear incoming payments received under FBCJ, use F-32/FB15.
o SAP/A/c/FA/AR/Account F-32 clear. When clearing payments it is possible to :
º Partial payment : Diff posted can be used to make the amount not
assigned as 0, and then posting is possible.
º Residual items allow a residual amount to be kept and the rest is
assigned. By keeping a residual amount as not posted, it is possible to
keep the amount not assigned 0.
º Charge to expense a/c. : it is possible to charge off not assigned amounts
to expenses like cash discount etc, with predefined reason codes.
º Distribution of residual items : possible based on reason codes.
º SAP/Ac/FA/AR/Ac/Assignment
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
• FB15 asssign/clear open items. On using FB15, all items
appear. Select the one for assignment & “ASSIGN”. Next select
the assigned items and clear. This will bring you to a partial
payment screen. Complete the assignment & save. Next return to
FB15 & confirm. The assigned items will go. [you can use
difference postings to create a new o/s ]
• FB17 edit assigned items.
º Corresspondence
• FB12 request for stat of a/c SAP06,08,15 etc.
• F.64 maintain SAP06 etc which when dbl clicked will produced
stat of a/c thru LP01.
Statement of Accounts
[SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Account >
Correspondence]
Request (for statement of Customers’ a/c) FB12
Maintain (gives the print-out of above) F.64 [SAP06, SAP08,
SAP15, etc]
• Payment Advices
o SAP/Ac/FA/AR/Doc Entry/Payment Advice
º FBE1 Create – payment advice no comes by default. Enter amount &
save.
º FBE2 Change
º FBE3 Display
º Payment advice F4 & execute to get a list. Payment advices can be created
for different payments. Credit memo can be adjusted with any/specific
invoices.
º S_ALR_87012203 payment advice overview.
• Down Payments : like an advance. They have to be requested, made and cleared after
raising an invoice under which it is adjusted. Special groups for GL
o A Down Payment
o B Bill of exchange receivable
o C Rent deposit
o E Reserve for Bad Debts
o F Down payment request
Down payments require certain params to enable clearing.
IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/Outgoing Payments/Auto OP/Payment Method/
Bank selection for payment Programs
o Set up all co codes
o Set up the vendors, customers,Spl GL Transactions
o Vendors FP
o Customers FPJ
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Incoming Payments > Auto Incoming
Payments > Payment Method / Bank Selection
Set up All Company Codes for Payment transactions
In this activity, you make specifications for all company codes involved in payment transactions.
For each company code, you make the following specifications:
• Paying company code & Sending company code – relevant to cross co-code transactions i.e.
where one co code makes payment for other co codes.
• Cash discount and (difference) tolerance limits
• Specify which special G/L transactions are to be settled for customers and vendors.
Vendors Customers
F Down payment request F Down payment request
P Payment request P Payment request
J Advance Payment Request
 Note : This activity is pre-requisite for clearing payments received against
open items.
[other important settings w.r.t Incoming Payments are discussed under Accounts Payable which are
similar and relevant to Accounts Receivable also]
• SAP/FA/AR/DocEntry/DownPayment
o F-37 The down payment created thru a request is available under FD10N under
special GL list[after creating downpayments with F-29].
o An AAM can be created for every product type, & the appropriate codes fed into
line items. This AAM can be recalled at the invoice stage thru
Environment/Complex Posting F6. To speed up data entry, ensure A/c no, date
and amount is entered prior to F6, then save.
o F-39 Clearing of down payments. Enter cust no, keep relevant invoice details etc
blank., enter transfer posting amounts & save.
Down Payments
[SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Down Payment]
 Note : like an advance. They have to be requested, received and cleared
after raising an invoice under which it is adjusted. Special groups for GL – ‘A’ Down
Payment.
Request (Down Payment) F-37
Down Payment (Receive) F-29
Clear (Down Payment) F-39
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
• Terms of Payment [ OBB8 ]
o IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/Incoming invoices/Cr Memo
o Maintain terms of payment :
o Base line date is the date to be considered for the calculation of interest. The
interest would actually start after the additional months i.e. CR period has
elapsed.
IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Outgoing Invoices and Credit
Memos
Maintain Terms of payments
Terms of Payments i.e, due date, discounts %s if paid before due date, etc are defined and stored
under a four-character key. terms of payment is assigned to the customers in the master record via
the key.
 Note : One can use the same key for the terms of payment for both
customers and vendors who have the same payment terms. But in such a case any
changes made for either customer 0r vendor will automatically affect both. Hence it
is recommended to use different terms of payment keys for customers and vendors
and limit the permitted account type correspondingly within the terms of payment.
SAP has provided 11 default payment terms types (0001 – 0011). Changes in standard settings are
normally not needed except where
• a separate help text for a payment term is needed which deviates from the explanations
created automatically
• an account type i.e. a particular transaction type with a customer, has to be excluded for a
payment term (in the standard system, a payment term applies to all account types of the
business partner)
• change the payment conditions for a payment term
Terms of payment are defined in the following manner:
Paymt Terms Text
0008 14 days/2%, 30 days/1.5%, 45 days net
Day limit Expl.
15 within 14 days, 2% dis
within 30 days, 1.5% dis
within 45 days, net due
baseline date on 31
st
of the month
 Note : Terms of payment (discount, etc) shall be considered after the
‘baseline date’.
 Note : If day limit is ‘nil’, baseline date is date of invoice i.e. becomes
immediately due.
 Note : ‘day limit’ is used where ‘baseline date’ (due date of payment) is
specified based on a period range during which invoices are raised, eg. For all
invoices raised upto 15
th
of a month, due date is 30
th
of the same month.
In such a case, terms for ‘another part’ of the month has to be
34 by Harnath
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
defined for the same payment term (0008 in this case) – see below.
Paymt Terms Text
0008 14 days/2%, 30 days/1.5%, 45 days net
Day limit Expl.
31 within 14 days, 2% dis
within 30 days, 1.5% dis
within 45 days, net due
baseline date on 15
th
of the next month
double click to get inside for baseline date & payment terms the settings
 Note : Not more than two discount options are available (even under new
entry).
Define Terms of Payment for Installments
First, define a term of payment as above with following parameters:
Text Payable in x installments
Own expl. ‘Blank’ (SAP gives system generated explanation)
Installment Payment ‘on’ (do not put any discount %s)
Then specify % of installment amounts under IMG activity “Define Terms of Payment for Installment”.
It should be remembered here that each installment also has its terms of payment. Therefore for a 5
installment method, there will be 6 payment terms.
 Note : SAP defaults can be altered / new ones created to suite the specific user
requirements. Due date is specified by selecting “payment terms” while defining installments – it
can be different for different installments.
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
TAXES
[ changes to structures for country version India wef 470 ]
SAP 4.6C does not have tax capability for Indian Taxation, for which CIN [country India] version
is available. Tax procedure of Great Britan TAXGB [ TAXINJ wef 470 ] is used.
In FI all taxes are inclusive. For exclusive tax, settings are to be made in the pricing condition for
the tax condition type MWST [TAXJ]. Once taxes are defined, mass maintenance “posting w/o tax
allowed” to be changed. In case of specific accounts like sales 800000 the tax code will have to
be specified like output tax etc. At the invoice stage also, calculate tax will have to be checked -
to avoid error messages at saving time.
IMG/FA/FAGlobal/Tax on Sales & Purchases/
• Basic Settings
o Define Proceedures [ FTXP ]
o TAXIN [ TAXINJ wef 470 ] Tax Proc for India.
Condition Type BASB as under :
Access sequence
Cond Class A Plus /minus
Calc type B
Cond Cat K
Rounding rule
Manual entries D
Group cond
Header cond Amount/perc
Item cond On
Text det proc Text id
o Condition Type MWAS [ JIN1 & JIN2 for CST & LST wef 470 ] Output tax A1
o Condition Type MWVS [ JIP1 & JIP2 for CST & LST wef 470 ] Input tax V1
o Access Sequences : only country & tax codes possible. [ You can use TAXUSJ for
Jurisdiction Taxes ] Other tax statewise in CIN version. MWST [ 36TAXJ with
jurisdiction wef 470 & cond cat in cond type should be 2 i.e. level 2 to allow for IN10 etc.] tax
indicator.
o Condition Types : Type of calc %age etc. In Master Data screen “delete_fr_DB”
choose “DO NOT DELETE”
o Check and Change Settings for Tax Processing :
º MWS & MW3 for JIN1 & JIN2 [ separate line item ]
º NVV for JIP1 & JIP2 [non deductible & no separate line item, as dist to relevant exps like
purchase etc ]
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
o Specify structure with tax jurisdiction code. TAXUSJ [ 37TAXINJ has 2 levels like IN10
etc. ] has 4 levels. It is thus possible to have a code with [TAXINJ - 2,2]
º Country code 2 chars
º Region code 3 chars
º State code 3 chars
º City code 3 chars e.g. ALABAMA = USMIDALAXXX
º While specifying the structure DiN i.e. discount is net i.e. taxes are
calculated after discount is adjusted.
º TxN i.e. taxes are netted [here the department loses revenue]
º Define Tax Jurisdiction for India TAXIN [ 37TAXINJ with 32 states as per
region codes 10 for Karnataka wef 470 ]
• Calculation
o Define tax codes for Sales & Purchases[37wef 470 CST FIELD NOT ACCESSIBLE as in
condition type JIP1,2 JIN1,2 level 1 was preset instead of level 2]
º A1 output tax code 10%
º A tax type for output tax
º Tolerance 1 = 1% [for tax differences]
º MWS output tax
º ERS sales deal
º ERL revenue . These a/c keys will integrate SD with FI.
º Fill up only the output tax field o/wise if you enter a value in the input tax, it
will result in duplicate taxes being calculated.
o Assign company code to document date for tax determination : the posting date is
normally considered, but in this case, the doc date will be considered.
• Posting
o Define tax accounts [ OB40 ] [ 37wef 470 JIN1 Act Key MWS GL 13113400 JIN2 Act Key
MW3 GL 13113410 JIP1 & 2 Act Key NVV GL ]
º 175000 output tax MWS & 154000 input tax VST
o Define a/c for Exch Rate fluctuations -
º Loss from currency valuation 230010
º Gain from currency valuation 280010
o Assign tax code for Non Taxable transactions
º A0 output tax 0%
º V0 input tax 0%
TAXES WITH JURISDICTION
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Basic Settings
Check Calculation Procedures
Define Access Sequences : SAP has pre-defined 3 Access sequences
MWST - Tax Indicator (I/O taxes only)
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
TAXJ - US Taxes with Jurisdiction
USTX - US Taxes
We will use ‘TAXJ’ access sequence, as it is based on jurisdictions.
Define Condition Types : Condition types are made use of for defining Tax Calculation Procedure. SAP has defined
condition types for different jurisdiction levels in US (JR1, JR2, etc)
Jurisdiction in US works as States → County → City (Tax in each
jurisdiction depend on taxation in preceding jurisdiction)
In India jurisdiction are at horizontal level and there is no vertical jurisdictional dependency. So Indian jurisdictions
can be designed as consisting of one level only.
We used JR1 condition type of TAXUSJ to define the following condition types:
• JT1, JT2, JT3 : BED Payable, AED Payable and SED Payable resp.
• JT6, JT7, JT8 : CST–C Form Payable, CST w/o C Form Payable and LST payable resp.
• JR1, JR2, JR3 : BED Recov, AED Recov and SED Recov resp.
• JR6, JR7, JR8 : CST–C Form Recoverable, CST w/o C Form Recoverable and LST Recoverable
resp
with “Jurisdiction level 1 or 2”, (depending on whether jurisdiction level is defined as one or ‘two’) – [see notes on
structure for tax jurisdiction below] and “Access Sequence – TAXJ”
Check Calculation procedure :
Note: Before defining calculation procedure, first check whether G/L accounts and respective accounting
keys relevant to all types of taxes have been created (FS00)
We created 175001, 175002, 175003 for BED Payable, AED Payable, SED Payable respectively. Note the following
settings:
Status B/S Item
Posting allowed in only Local currency
Tax category ‘>’ (Output Tax)
Post Automatically is “on”
Note: Ensure that Accounting keys relevant to each tax types have been defined under “Check
and change Settings for Tax Processing”
We used procedure TAXUSJ (call it TAXINJ) with necessary modifications as follows:
Step Cond Type Desrption frm step to step acctg key
100 BASB Base Amount
110 JT1 BED Payable 100 JT1
120 JT2 AED Payable 100 JT2
130 JT3 SED Payable 100 JT3
190 MWS1 Subtotal 100 130
510 JT6 CST-C Form Pay 190 JT6
520 JT7 CST w/o C Form Pay 190 JT7
530 JT8 LST Payable 190 JT8
(Similarly for JR1 – JR8 also)
Assign Country to Calculation Procedure
Here calculation procedure is assigned to a company code.
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
Check and change Settings for Tax Processing
Here a tax process for each tax type has to be defined . This serves as accounting key in Calculation Procedure
(discussed above), helps in linking posting to G/L accounts etc (as discussed later). The important settings here are:
Tax type ‘1’ i.e. Output Tax
Posting Indicator ‘2’ i.e. Separate Line Item
Specify structure for Jurisdiction Code
Here structure guides SAP to determine various jurisdictions in one level and also whether a code is in level 1 or
level 2 and so on. As in India we have only one level of taxes we specified a size of ‘6’ to our Jurisdiction structure.
 Note: If we define only one level, while selecting jurisdiction codes in definition of tax codes, it will
give us option of selection by State (Country) only and not by County (State) and hence all jurisdictions code (in
our case 26*16) will pop-up. So its better to define two levels, 2 – for Country and 4 – for States.
IN 10 00
Country State for various categories of jurisdiction
Define Jurisdictions
We defined Jurisdictions as follows (e.g. for Karnataka State):
IN0001 Foreign Jurisdiction - US, Custom (BCD)
IN0002 Foreign Jurisdiction - US, Custom (BCD, CVD)
IN1001 KAR, Branch, Excise (BED)
IN1002 KAR, Branch, Excise (BED,AED)
IN1003 KAR, Branch, Excise (BED,AED,SED)
IN1004 KAR, Branch, No Excise
IN1011 KAR, CST, Regd Dealer, Excise (BED)
IN1012 KAR, CST, Regd Dealer, Excise (BED,AED)
IN1013 KAR, CST, Regd Dealer, Excise (BED,AED,SED)
IN1014 KAR, CST, Regd Dealer, No Excise
IN1021 KAR, CST, Non Regd Dealer, Excise (BED)
IN1022 KAR, CST, Non Regd Dealer, Excise (BED,AED)
IN1023 KAR, CST, Non Regd Dealer, Excise (BED,AED,SED)
IN1024 KAR, CST, Non Regd Dealer, No Excise
IN1031 KAR, LST, Regd Dealer, Excise (BED)
IN1032 KAR, LST, Regd Dealer, Excise (BED,AED)
IN1033 KAR, LST, Regd Dealer, Excise (BED,AED,SED)
IN1034 KAR, LST, Regd Dealer, No Excise
IN1041 KAR, LST, Non Regd Dealer, Excise (BED)
IN1042 KAR, LST, Non Regd Dealer, Excise (BED,AED)
IN1043 KAR, LST, Non Regd Dealer, Excise (BED,AED,SED)
IN1044 KAR, LST, Non Regd Dealer, No Excise
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Calculation
Define Tax Codes for Sales & Purchases
Here tax codes are defined for each jurisdiction. Tax codes are:
Output Tax A1 (with rates applicable in each jurisdiction)
Output Tax Exempt A0 (with nil rates)
Input Tax V1 (with rates applicable in each jurisdiction)
Input Tax Exempt V0 (with nil rates)
Note: Make sure that while defining rates for Output tax A1, rates are specified in JT1, JT2, JT6, JT7, etc
(which are meant for taxes on sales and need to be posted to separate accounts. Similarly while defining rates
for Input tax V1, rates are specified in JR1, JR2, JR6, JR7, etc (which are meant for taxes on purchases and need
to be posted to separate accounts.
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Posting
Define Tax Accounts
Here all the tax processes defined under “Check & change settings for tax processing” are available. These need to
be defined with respect to G/L account to which it will be posted, dr & cr keys, etc
TAXES WITH JURISDICTION (Version 4.7)
 Note : Version 4.7 has come up with standard country India specific settings i.e. now there is no
need to get additional ‘patch’ for Indian specific taxation requirements.
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Basic Settings
Define Calculation Procedure
Define Access Sequences : Some of SAP pre-defined Access sequences (relevant to India taxes) are:
TAXJ - US Taxes with Jurisdiction
JTAX - IN : Excise Access
JST1 - IN : Sales Tax Access
Define Condition Types : SAP predefined condition types, relevant to Indian taxes, are as follows:
Cond Type Desrption Cond Category Access Sequence
JM01 A/P BED deductible
JA01 A/P AED deductible
JS01 A/P SED deductible
JM02 A/P BED non-deduct
JA02 A/P AED non-deduct
JS02 A/P SED non-deduct
JSER Service Tax
JSVD Service Tax Debit
JMOD A/R BED
JAED A/R AED
JSED A/R SED
JCES A/R CESS
JIP3 A/P ST Set-off
JIP1 A/P CST
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‘1’
Jurisdiction
Level 1
TAXJ
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
JIP2 A/P LST
JIN1 A/R CST
JIN2 A/R LST
JIN4 A/R CST s/charge
JIN5 A/R CST s/charge
Cond Type Desrption Cond Category Access Sequence
JMOP BED Set off %
JMOQ BED Set off Inv
JAOP BED Set off %
JAOQ BED Set off Inv
JSOP BED Set off %
JSOQ BED Set off Inv
JMIP BED Inv %
JMIQ BED Inv Qty
JAIP AED Inv %
JAIQ AED Inv Qty
JSIP SED Inv %
JSIQ SED Inv Qty
JMX1 A/P BED Set off
JMX2 A/P BED Inv
JAX1 A/P AED Set off
JAX2 A/P AED Inv
JSX1 A/P SED Set off
JSX2 A/P SED Inv
JIPS Sales Tax Set off
JIPC CST Inv
JIPL LST Inv
Check Calculation procedure :
SAP 4.7 version has got country India specific tax procedure TAXINJ, settings are as follows:
Step Cond Type Desrption frm step to step stat alt CType altBV acctg
key
100 BASB Base Amount 362
110 Calculated Call 100 √ 352
120 Subtotal 110 √
200 JM01 A/P BED deductible 120 354 JI 1
205 JA01 A/P AED deductible 120 364 JI 2
207 JS01 A/P SED deductible 120 368 JI 3
210 JM02 A/P BED non-deduct 120 362 NVV
212 JA02 A/P AED non-deduct 120 365
214 JS02 A/P SED non-deduct 120 369
215 Base + All duties 100 214 √
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‘2’
Jurisdiction
Level 2
TAXJ
‘D’
Taxes
JTAX
‘None’ JTAX
‘D’
Taxes
JST1
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
217 JIP3 A/P ST Set-off 215 370 363 VS 5
220 JIP1 A/P CST 215 363 JT 1
230 JIP2 A/P LST 215 371 363 JT 2
250 JSER Service Tax 100 ESA
260 JSVD Service Tax Debit 250 ESE
510 JMOD A/R BED 120 √ 363
512 JAED A/R AED 120 √ 366
513 JSED A/R SED 120 √ 360
514 JCES A/R CESS 120 √ 367
515 Subtotal √
520 JIN1 A/R CST 515 MWS
530 JIN2 A/R LST 512 MW3
540 JIN4 A/R CST s/charge 520 MWS
550 JIN5 A/R LST s/charge 530 MW3
560 JMOP BED Set off % 120 JI 1
561 JMOQ BED Set off Qty 120 JI 1
562 JAOP AED Set off % 120 JI 2
563 JAOQ AED Set off Qty 120 JI 2
564 JSOP SED Set off % 120 JI 3
565 JSOQ SED Set off Qty 120 JI 3
570 JMIP BED Inv % 120 NVV
571 JMIQ BED Inv Qty 120 NVV
572 JAIP AED Inv % 120 NVV
573 JAIQ AED Inv Qty 120 NVV
574 JSIP SED Inv % 120 NVV
575 JSIQ SED Inv Qty 120 NVV
578 JMX1 A/P BED Set off 560 561 √
579 JAX1 A/P AED Set off 562 563 √
580 JSX1 A/P SED Set off 564 565 √
581 JMX2 A/P BED Inventory 570 571 √
582 JAX2 A/P AED Inventory 572 573 √
583 JSX2 A/P SED Inventory 574 575 √
585 Total Excise Duty 578 583 √
588 Copy Net Price 120 120 √
590 Price + ED 585 588 √
593 JIPS Sales Tax Set off 590 590 VS5
595 JIPC CST Inventory 590 590 NVV
598 JIPL LST Inventory 590 590 NVV
Assign Country to Calculation Procedure
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Here calculation procedure is assigned to the company code.
Check and change Settings for Tax Processing
Here a tax process for each tax type has to be defined [as discussed for 4.6 version]. This serves as accounting key
in Calculation Procedure (discussed above), helps in linking posting to G/L accounts etc (as discussed later). The
important settings here are:
process key description tax type not deductible posting indicator
JI1 India Basic Excise 4 i.e. not relev to tax √ 1 i.e. posting not reqd.
JI2 India Addl Excise 4 i.e. not relev to tax √ 1 i.e. posting not reqd.
JI3 India Spl Excise 2 i.e. Input Tax 2 i.e. separate line item
JI4 LST 1 i.e. Output Tax 2 i.e. separate line item
VS5 Input Tax PST gross 2 i.e. Output Tax 2 i.e. separate line item
(also it is configured to be not relevant for cash discount)
ESA Output Acquis Tax 1 i.e. Output Tax 2 i.e. separate line item
ESE Input Acquis Tax 2 i.e. Input Tax 2 i.e. separate line item
MWS Output Tax 1 i.e. Output Tax 2 i.e. separate line item
MW3 Sales Tax 3 1 i.e. Output Tax 2 i.e. separate line item
NVV Non-deduc input tax 2 i.e. Input Tax √ 3 i.e. dist to rel exp/rev
 Note : All the above processing keys will be available in IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global
Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Posting > Define Tax Accounts – where it shall be associated with
different G/L accounts and posting (dr & cr) rules
 Note : Once all basic settings are made, country India version should be activated for
specific fiscal years via IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales &
Purchases > Basic Settings > India > Activate country India version for specific fiscal years
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DUNNING
IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/Dunning/Basic Settings for Dunning
While posting repeated invoices, if the credit limit is crossed, you may not be permitted to enter
further invoices. In such a case, IMG/ES/Defi/Define Credit Control Area. If a credit limit is not
set, you cannot enter invoices.
• Define Dunning area : for each co code, a dunning area is defined.
REMINDERS TO CUSTOMERS – DUNNING
IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Dunning > Basic Settings for Dunning
Define Dunning Areas
Dunning area represents a sub-structure of the Company code. If different responsibilities and different dunning
procedures exists within a company code, one can set up corresponding dunning areas.
Dunning areas are used if several organizational units are responsible for carrying out dunning within one company
code. These organizational units are referred to as dunning areas. The dunning area can correspond, for example,
to a profit center, a distribution channel, a sales organization or a business area.
The individual dunning areas can use different procedures or the same dunning procedure.
 Note : The dunning areas with the required dunning procedures are to
be entered into the customer or vendor master record if you use different
dunning procedures.
Otherwise, the system uses the standard dunning procedure. The dunning area is then entered in the line item.
The system enters the dunning area into the master record automatically with the corresponding data.
• Define dunning keys : max 4 levels are possible like 1,2,3 reminders etc.
Define Dunning keys
Dunning keys define how much / many notices have to be sent to customers. i.e.,
key 1 (max level = 1) → only one notice
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key2 (max level = 2) → two notices, etc.
Note the settings:
key max level print separately text
1 1 Triggers maximum dunning level 1
2 2 Triggers maximum dunning level 2
3 3 Triggers maximum dunning level 3
z √ payment has been made
• Define dunning block : for legal cases, dunning must be blocked.
Define Dunning Block Reason
Dunning can be run for Customer account group as a whole.
If a particular customer need not be dunned, his master data should ‘select’ the ‘reason’. Reasons for a dunning
block are defined under a key. The key can be entered in an item or in the master record of a customer’s account.
SAP default keys are:
‘Blank’ freed for Dunning
* Dunning Interface
A Manual Block Reason, etc
Define Dunning Groupings
Dunning notices are generally created per business partner. In special cases, it can be useful to group together the
open items of a business partner according to certain aspects and dun these items together.
In order to group items together for dunning notices, you need to define grouping keys (two-character,
alphanumeric). For each key, specify a field from the line item whose contents are to comprise the main criteria for
the group. Items whose contents in this field are identical, are dunned together.
Define Interest rates (for Dunning)
Interest indicator is defined here specifying interest rates (and validity date) on dr. & cr. items for the purposes of
dunning run.
• Define dunning procedure : [ FBMP ]
o Dunning interval - frequency of dunning e.g. 14 days
o Totaled for items – when a dunning level 1 is maintained, totaling takes place
level 2 onwards. If level 0 is maintained, all items are totaled. The totaled items
are for threat perception etc. In Germany, court orders can only be issued level 3
onwards for total of all items dunned.
o Minimum day arreas : atleast one item must have a dunning notice to be created.
The minimum days in arrears have no influence on calculation of the days
overdue.
o Line item grace periods e.g. 3
o Interest indicator HI
o Public holiday calender 99 international IN for India.
o Std transactions set on, o/wise spl GL like downpayments will also be considered.
o Reference dunning process @ 0001. You can create your own dunning letters
using SAPSCRIPT [ similar to ABAP ].
o Dunning levels [top button] - day in arrears @ 30 i.e. dun after 30 days.
o Calculate interest - set on after level 2 as letters after 2 i.e. 3 only have interest
mentioned.
o Always dun keep on E
o Print all items keep on E E E E
o Payment deadline @ 7 i.e. after dunning letter, deadline to receive payment.
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o Legal dunning procedure E for items where legal letters to be sent [after 3 levels
etc]
o Charge for dunning - the charge for dunning can be fixed or a %age depending
on the parameters set. Here a %age may help, as minimum amounts for dunning
are set, sometimes if the total o/s is low, an item may not come into the dunning
process at all. The %age is based on the total o/s of that customer. You cannot
define a fixed dunning charge, and a %age based charge at the same time.
o Minimum amounts for dunning - the minimum amount to be considered for
dunning. %age of amounts means %age to total of open items [for a customer]. If
both are set, both conditions must be met.
o Minimum amount to be included in dunning
o Dunning text – forms are designed and can be changed using ABAP [a/c type D]
[Ensure the DUNNING TEXT FORMS EXIST]
o Spl GL indicator - whether to dun.
For checking dunning open a separate a/c and raise invoices backdated, so that
dunning runs can take place with the interval applicable. It may be necessary to open
posting period suitably. The posting date will also have to be backdated and credit
limit reset. In case of existing customer, ensure dunning procedure is set.
IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Dunning > Dunning Procedure
Define Dunning procedure FBMP
Dunning procedures are company code independent i.e. one dunning procedure can be assigned to
more than one co codes – it is assigned to each of the customer via master records.
They determine the ‘dunning interval’, ‘the grace periods for the due date determination’, and ‘the
number of dunning levels’. You can also set the dunning level at which you want to list all due items
from an account in the dunning notice.
A customer account is only included in dunning if it assigned a dunning procedure in its master data.
To exclude an account from dunning, you can set a dunning block for it in the master data.
Activity:
Dunning procedure ABCD
Dunning interval in days 14 “min no. of days between two dunning
runs”
Total due items from dunning level 1 “1 / 2 / 3 or whatever” no
legal use in India
 Note: In Germany, after 3 dunning notices, court notices can be sent for “Total due
items”. However in India, this function can be used for sending reminders to the customers.
Min days in arrears (acct) 4 “no. of days one of the open items must be overdue for dunning run
to be triggered” (only for trigger –
overdue days is not altered)
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Line item grace period 2 “no. of days within which an open item shall be excluded from dunning
run”
Interest indicator “interest rate key as defined below” (this interest is not posted to G/L a/c)
 Note: Dunning procedure can also be configured for :
Dunning Levels – interest to start after ‘x’ days in arrears, print parameters, etc.
Charges – dunning charges to be included
→ after n
th
level and ‘x’ dunning amount
→ % of dunning charges, etc.
Minm amounts – to trigger dunning
→ after ‘x’ total overdue amount
→ ‘y’% of overdue amounts (out of total open items), and
→ minimum amount of dunning interest to be included
o SAP/Ac/FA/AR/Periodic Processing
• F150 Dunning
• Identifier user defined run 1,2,3 use ID for 1
st
Qt etc.
• Select parameters
• Dunning date - the dunning date defines when the next dunning
run takes place [after the interval]. If you click on current date, you
may not be able to take subsequent runs immediately, and you may
have to go to IMG and change the interval.
• Dun posted upto [consider posted upto date ]
• Save parameters
• Individual dunning notice @ LP01
• Specify run dates
• Specify dunning dates
• Specify posted upto dates
• Select print preview & printout [o/wise the dunning will not be
considered, and subsequent runs will also be level 1]
• IMG/FA/Global/Corresspondence - it is possible to view the various
dunning forms & even create them [SAPSCRIPT similar to ABAP]
DATA ENTRY – Dunning Run
[SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Periodic Processing]
Dunning F150
Activity:
Select Individual notices > Output Device
→ Company code > customer account
→ Run date should be in line with dunning interval & can be diff from
dunning date (later)
→ Dunning date determines overdue a/cs for dunning trigger
→ Documents posted upto date determines which open items are to be
considered
Take print out of dunning notices. After this step, customer master data will automatically be updated for first
dunning run. (taking sample printout or test run would not make the dunning run effective)
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 Note : SAP standard Dunning forms can be displayed or changed (using
SAPSCRIPT similar to ABAP) via IMG > Financial Accounting > Financial
Accounting Global Settings > Correspondence
INTEREST
IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/Interest Calculation
• Global Settings
o Define interest calculation types
º P item interest calc
º S balance int calc
º Identifier HI for HPCL
INTEREST ON RECEIVABLES
IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Interest Calculation > Interest
Calculation Global Settings
Define Interest Calculation types
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Interest indicators determine whether they are to be used for the item interest calculation i.e. interest on
balance after giving effect of each dr or cr entries or account balance interest calculation i.e. interest on
net debit / credit balance. [though these indicators can also be used for interest on payables, in practice
this is not normally needed]
Interest indicator is assigned to a customer account vis master data.
SAP default interest indicators are:
01 standard item interest calculator calculation type – P
02 standard balance interest calculator calculation type – S
o Define no ranges for interest forms - define
Define Number range for Interest forms
Number ranges defined for interest calculation are not used for any other purposes (for example, for
document types). If interest is calculated on accounts from various company codes, then you define the
same number range for each company code.
o Prepare interest on arrears calc - while preparing int on arrears calc, the effective
date should be borne in mind [backdated] o/w interest runs will not take place as
invoices are backdated. Keep Int Numerator E ON. Payment Terms 0001 & Tax
Code OFF.
Prepare Interest on Arrears calculation
Terms of interest calculation are defined for interest indicators as defined above.
Important settings:
Interest indicator 01 standard item interest calculator
Selection of Items ‘open & all cleared items’
Transfer Days days taken in bank clearing [excluded from int cal]
Tolerance Days grace days for interest trigger [do not affect overdue days]
o Prepare interest on a/c balances
o Special GL tran for int calc
• Interest Calculation
o Define reference int rates - INR for India as IND_INT
o Define time based transactions - HI for both DR & CR & enter Ref Int as
defined IND_INT.
o Enter interest values
o Special function module for interest rate determination - arrears
[DEBIT_INT_RATE_DETERMINE] / [CREDIT_INT_RATE_DETERMINE] -
for balances [INT_RATE_DETERMINE]
Interest Calculation
Define Reference Interest Rates
Here a reference interest rates defined by entering a key and a mnemonic name. This activity is purely
informative.
Define Time based Terms (interest)
Here additional (premium) interest rates are defined for long overdue open items. This can be defined
directly for each interest indicators with or without associating it with a ‘Reference Interest rate’.
Enter Interest values
Here a rate of interest is defined for the ‘Reference Interest rate’
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Specify Functional Module for Interest Rate determination
The following function modules are included in the standard system:
Transaction type Function Module
Credit int.for int.chgd on overdue items CREDIT_INT_RATE_DETERMINE
Credit int.for account balances INT_RATE_DETERMINE
Debit int.for overdue items DEBIT_INT_RATE_DETERMINE
Debit int.for account balances INT_RATE_DETERMINE
• Interest Posting
o A/R calculation of interest on arrears
º Int recd 273100
º Int paid 220000
º Customer posting open [for customers]
IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Interest Calculation > Interest Posting
Interest on arrears - Customers
In this step, you define the specifications for posting the interest calculated as interest on arrears.
The account determination is carried out via the posting interface of application 0002 (interest on arrears).
The following specifications are necessary:
• Account determination keys and posting details
First you determine which account determination keys are used. For the business transaction
account determination key, 1000 (interest earned) and 2000 (interest paid) should be entered.
The other account determination keys (company code, interest indicator, business area) are
optional. You use them if you want to define interest posting in more detail.
For every combination of the account determination keys, you specify a debit posting key, a credit
posting key and account symbols (posting details). You use the account symbol 1000 for the
customer posting. It is not necessary to specify an account since the posting is made to the
customer account. You do, however, have to specify the posting keys.
• G/L accounts
For each G/L account symbol, you specify the account allocation for interest earned and interest
paid in full. You can differentiate the account specifications according to currencies.
o A/R balance interest calculation
º 0001 interest recd 273100 1
º 0002 interest paid 220000 2
º 0015 calc int recd
º 0016 calc int paid
º 1000 customer posting + [open]
Interest on Balances – Customers
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In this step, you define the specifications for posting the interest calculated on the customer account
balance.
The account determination is carried out via the posting interface of application 0005 (customer interest
scale). The following specifications are necessary:
• Account determination keys and posting details
For the business transaction account determination key, you enter at least one set of posting
details for the interest earned posting and the interest paid posting respectively.
If you are using interest splitting, you should also enter a set of posting details for each of the
following business transactions:
→ minus debit interest past period with post-entered value dates, minus credit
interest past period with post-entered value dates
→ debit interest past period with post-entered value dates, credit interest past
period with post-entered value dates
→ debit interest calculation period, credit interest calculation period.
• G/L accounts
Assign accounts in full to the account symbols for the respective interest earned posting or
interest paid posting. Only the posting key is relevant for the customer posting. It is stored in the
posting details. An entry in the G/L account field of the account allocation is not necessary here
(customer posting).
• Assign Form for Int Indicator
o Ensure that Form F_DUZI_01 is assigned for HI & HPCL
o Ensure that Form F_D_INT_SCALE_00 is assigned for HB & HPCL
IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Interest Calculation > Print
Assign Forms for Interest Calculation
Note the SAP standard settings:
Int ind Co code Forms
01 std item interest calculator BALC F_DUZI_01
02 std balance interest calculator BALC
F_D_INT_SCALE_00
The interest indicator [ HI ] can be entered in the dunning procedure [define interest
rates], to enable calculation [not posting to customer a/c] of interest as per defined
interest parameters for inclusion in dunning letters.
Ensure customer is configured for interest id & cycle.
• SAP/Ac/FA/AR/PP/Interest calculation
o Arrears interest
o F.2A without open items
o F.2B with open items
o F.2C without postings
o F.24 free selections
º Calculation period from to
º Bill of Exch [blank]
º Int indicator HI
º Form for int calc F_DUZI_01
º Create form E & F_DUZI_01
º Print form E & LP01
º Date of Issue [TO period]
º Interest Posting Date [TO period]
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º Interest Posting Document Date [TO period]
º Posting Period as applicable.
º You can create a spool request for a neat letter that can be sent to the
party etc. Access from OWN SPOOL JOBS.
º You can generate a batch for subsequent batch processing by specifying
in Output Control “Acct overview printer (batch)”, and processing the
batch with System/Services/BatchInput/Sessions etc.
o F.26 Balance Interest [ F_D_INT_SCALE_00 ]
º Calc Period From to
º Summ level 2
º Ref / Addl Date 3
º Std Int Calc E
º Generate as above.
DATA ENTRY – Interest on Receivables
[SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Periodic Processing >
Interest Calculation]
Arrears Interest
Without open items F.2A
With open items F.2B
Without postings F.2C
Free selection F.24
While performing an interest run, note the following settings:
Calculation period
Interest indicator
Create Form for int cal ‘√’ & specify the relevant Form name
Print Form ‘√’ i.e. o/s balances and interest thereon can be
printed also for correspondence with
customers
Acct overview printer (batch) name of a printer [batch process]
Interest posting date i.e. thru this run, interest are also posted to
customer a/c
After specifying all parameters & executing (F8), a session is created. Interest run is
processed through “Batch process” via Header-Systems > services > batch Inputs >
Sessions.
Also a spool request can be created for a neat interest statement to be sent to customers.
The spool request can be accessed fro “ Own Spool Jobs”
Balance Interest F.26
ACCOUNTS PAYABLE
ACCOUNTS PAYABLE
[All IMG steps are similar to as discussed in Accounts Receivable w.r.t. ‘Preparations’, ‘Invoices’ and ‘Outgoing
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Payments’.]
IMG/FA/ARAP/Vendor A/c’s/Master Records
o Preparation for creation of vendor master records
o Define a/c groups [ OMSG ]
º KRED Vendor [internal no assignment]
º Reco no 160000
º Down payment 170000
o Define screen layout per co [vendors]
o Define screen layout per activity [vendors]
o Create no ranges for vendor a/c’s. [ XDN1 ]
o Assign no ranges to vendor a/c groups [ OMSJ ]
º KRED 02
o IMG/FA/FA Global/Tax Sales& Purchases/Calculation
º Define tax codes for sales/purchases : I1 input tax GL a/c 154000
o Create vendor SAP/Ac/FA/AP/Master Records
º FK01 create
º Use next screen icon to navigate.
º Wt can be used for TDS
º Release group means vendor approval
º Check duplicate invoices for invoice & DC
º EDI electronic data interchange.
Vendor Master Record
Important settings relevant to Vendor Master:
Vendor Account Groups – As many as 18 types are available with SAP
Vendor 0001 One-time Vend (int no.) CPD
Goods Supplier 0002 One-time Vend (ext no.) CPDL
Payee 0003 Vendor (int no.) KRED
Invoicing Party 0004 etc Vendor (ext no.) LIEF, etc.
For each Account Group:
→ specific “FSV Parameters w.r.t General Data, Company code data and
Sales data” are set as per the requirement, and
→ it specified whether it is a one-time account
 Note that Account determination procedure is not defined for Vendors.
Reconciliation a/c 160000 (4.6c version) 11310000 (4.7 version)
Data Entry
Creation of Vendors FK01
Vendor Invoice FB60 [F-43 in 4.7 version]
Vendor Account Balances FK10N
Outgoing Payments F-53 [F-58 for check printing]
Note : For outgoing payments, a ‘House Bank’ must have been defined and created
in the company as discussed later.
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o Create invoice SAP/Ac/FA/AP/Doc Entry
º FB60 [ use F-43 wef 470 ] create invoice [R M 400000, TAX V1]
o Outgoing Payment
º F-53 Post
º F-58 Post & Print. Print job is created. Access thru system/own spool
requests [ requires house bank creation ]
o Change co code
o Raw mat a/c 400000 change tax params as reqd
o FK10N to view balances.
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WITHOLDING TAX
[ will be used with AP payments ]
IMG/FA/Global/Line Items/Controls
• Screen Variants
o Standard
o Austria & Switzerland
o France & Withholding Tax .
• IMG/FA/Global/WT
o Basic settings
º Maintain countries IN India [No addl WTCountry]
º Maintain types of recipients 01 individual
º Define Income types SEW1 self employed cat 1
o Calculation/Maintain Tax Codes
º Copy from GB & change, rates 2%, currency INR, posting with payment
E i.e WT at the payment stage F-58, WT code T1, official WT Code
192C, Net Base for Tax Contrib  OFF. Specifications for WT Rept keep
OFF. [ W1 ]
º Maintain formulas is not necessary if a direct %age is specified above.
o Postings
º Define A/c’s for withholding tax
º Tran QST Dr 177000 Cr 177000 PK 40/50 Rules Dr/Cr
o Reporting
º Define recepient codes
• 00 / / 01 / IN / Individual
º Define forms for WT N/a. [ will be reqd for reports ]
º Assign forms for WT reporting N/a
º Assign Header / Footer Text – copy from default.
o Define WT details in Vendor - FK02
o When entering an invoice FB60. System will inform that WT is applicable for the
Vendor.
o While using F-58 WT is calculated and amount payable is automatically reduced.
o In case of part payment, WT A/c is credited when the payment is finally cleared.
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EXTENDED WITHOLDING TAX

IMG/FA/Global/Extended WT
• Basic Settings
o Check WT countries
EXTENDED WITHHOLDING TAX
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax > Extended WT > Basic Settings
Check Withholding Tax Country
It may happen that incase of foreign branches, withholding tax rules of that foreign country is applicable.
Hence by assigning that country here, rules as prevalent in that company are also made available to the
Company (global group). For e.g.
If an Indian parent is having a branch in US, the assigning would be as follows:
Country w/tax country Description
IN IN India
IN US USA
o Define official WT codes [ WT Keys 194C contractors ][ 56Define Official
Withholding Tax Key wef 470 ]
Define official withholding tax keys
Here a tax key is defined for withholding tax types. The withholding tax keys correspond to the withholding
tax laws according to which tax is withheld. The system can therefore assign the withholding tax items to
the correct withholding tax return.
SAP delivers standard settings for official withholding tax keys for India, for eg.
WT key Description
194C TDS on Contractors, etc
o Check recepient types [ Co companies, OT others ]
º The type of recipient categorizes the vendor, which is necessary for
printing the withholding tax form.
Check Recipient types
Here recipient types are (Individual, Company, etc) are defined for every “withholding tax type” [defined
later].
Activity :
WHT type Recipient type Description
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W1 CO Companies
W1 OT Others
(defined later)
o Check income types
Check Income types
Type of income subject to withholding tax, for example income from
• Interest received
• Work as an artiste
• Self-employed work, etc
SAP standard type SEW1 i.e. Self-employed category
• Calculation
o Withholding tax type
º Define WT type for invoice posting - relevant
• In this activity you define the withholding tax type for posting at
the time of invoicing. Keep Post W/Tax amount ON. This will be
relevant for Vendors, where TDS has to be calculated at posting
time [ no payment ], but in case of Customers also, this will not
hold good.
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax > Extended WT > Calculation >
Withholding Tax types
Check WT types for Invoice posting
WT types defined here will have effect at the time of INVOICE posting and not at the time of Payment. This
has to be activated for VENDORS as in India, TDS is deductible at the time of credit only (assuming
payment is not before credit entry in the books).
WT types also help in classifying the following:
→ The time at which WT is posted i.e. at invoice or at payment
→ Basis at which base amount is calculated, and
→ Basis of accumulation, if applicable.
 Note: ‘WT types’ are different from ‘WT codes’ to which WT % rates are
allocated.
Activity :
Populate W1, etc as defined above for posting at the time of Invoice.
WHT Type Description
W1 Sec 194 – Contractor TDS
W2 Sec 194 – Contractor s/charge
Double click to get inside
Note the settings
Calculation
Net Amount invoice amount considered ‘net of TDS’ and WT calculated
accordingly
Gross Amount √
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Tax Amount used in case of surcharge
Post WT amount √
Accumulation type “no accumulation” TDS is calculated on each
transaction
[If this is selected, invoices are accumulated on periodical basis or till the ‘max acc value’
specified, if any and then TDS deducted at the end of either condition]
Define minimum / maximum amount
Base amount WT amount
WT code level √ WT code level √
Type level Type level
º Define WT type for payment posting – relevant for customers with dedu at
receipt entry.
Check WT types for Payment Posting
WT types defined here will have effect at the time of PAYMENT posting and not at the time of
Invoice posting. This has to be activated for CUSTOMERS as in India, customer is first booked for
gross receivable and only at the payment, TDS, if deducted, is entered.
Activity :
Settings are made here also (with a different WT type) for all types defined for ‘Invoice Posting’
case. All settings are more or less similar.
º Define exch rate type for WT type M
Define Exchange rate type for WT type
Not needed for TDS in case of payments to nationals in India.
Defined in case of TDS on payments made to Non-residents which is defined by a separate WT
type.
º Assign condition type to WT type
• You only need to carry out the following activity if you are
implementing FI together with SD.
o Witholding tax codes
º Define WT codes [ if %age is defined, no formula needed ]
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax > Extended WT > Calculation
> Withholding Tax Code
Define WT codes
Here WT codes (i.e. rates, etc) are defined for each WT type defined earlier.
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 Note: A business transaction can be assigned only one WT code per WT type. If
more that one code (rate) has to be applied, these must be represented by different WT
types.
Activity :
WT type WT code
W1 W1 Sec194 - Contractor TDS
% subject to tax 100%
posting indicator 1 i.e. standard posting –
bank/customer/vendor line items
reduced
WT rate 2%
Income type SEW1
º Define formula for calculating WT
o Witholding Tax Base Amount
º Define processing key for modified net amount
• Modified means that an extra amount is added to the net amount
º Define processing key for modified tax amount
º Potray dependencies between WT types
o Minimum & Maximum amounts
º Define min/max amounts for WT types
º Define min/max amounts for WT codes
• Company Code
o Assign WT types to co code – Add if necessary.
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax > Extended WT > Company Code
Assign WT types to Company Code
Activity :
Assign (all) WT type to Company code
double click to get inside settings
Recipient type CO i.e. for every recipient type there has to be a
separate WT type (as interpreted earlier)
w/tax agent √ imp for telling SAP to deduct TDS on vendor
payments, unless selected – no TDS
subject to W/tax √ -do- (in case of customers)
o Activate extended WT – you cannot then revert to STD WT.
Activate Extended Withholding Tax in Company Code
 Note : Once activated, it cannot be de-activated later.
• Postings
o Accounts for WT – [ can be separate for Cust / Vend ]
º Define a/c for WT to be paid over-177000
º Define a/c for WT gross up offset entry - 204000
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º Define a/c for self WT
º Define a/c for WT offsetting entry – 204000
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax > Extended WT > Posting >
Accounts for WT
Define Accounts for Withholding Tax to be paid over
Here G/L accounts are defined for a combination of WT type and WT code.
Activity :
WT type WT code G/L a/c
W1 W1 177000 (in 4.6c version) 13113940 (in 4.7 version)
IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax > Extended WT > Posting > India
Specify Document types & G/L accounts for WT (TDS) adjustment entries
Adjustments for short-deduction of TDS should be made here and posting should be made to a separate
G/L a/c with “post automatically” off.
[note that in case of TDS accounts, normally “post automatically” will be on as TDS is internally calculated
& posted by SAP]
Activity :
Document type SA
G/L a/c 14880000
o Certificate numbering for WT [ not reqd ]
º Define numbering class - 101
º Define numbering groups - 000001
º Define numbering ranges - 01
º Assign numbering groups to number class
º Assign numbering concept to co code country [K002]
º Numbering concept option 2 - Assign Numbering Class – Add
• Reporting [Extended WT]
o Define recepient code for EWT – W1/ 10 / / co / co / company
o Define forms for WT
o Define form names for EWT reporting
o Assign forms for WT certificates
o Define minimum amounts for WT type
o Define minimum amounts for WT code
• Generic WT reporting
o Define recepient code for EWT
o Define output groups
o Define certificate numbering for EWT
o Define forms for WT reporting
o Define file format for WT reporting
o Define header & footer texts for forms
o Define minimum amounts for WT Type
o Define minimum amounts for WT code
• Define WT details in Vendor - FK02 [ select WT screen at the beginning ]
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• When entering an invoice FB60. System will inform that WT is applicable for the
Vendor.
• While posting, WT is credited, and Vendor reduced.
HOUSE BANK CONFIGURATION
FBZP all house bank info.
IMG/FA/BANK ACCOUNTING/Bank Accounts/
• Define house banks
o Delete the default German Banks if any & create new [del from bottom] [You may not
be able to delete all the info copied. After defining the House Bank etc, commence deletion from bottom up [ ie value date
upwards. ] In the HB definition keep bills of exchange off. In the Payment method / Country, add all GERMAN [DE] types.
In the Payment Method / Co Code, all DE types will be preset. As there would be a problem of 196600 not being a reco a/c
, goto FS00 and change 196600 to be a reco a/c. In Define Reco A/c’s without Automatic Payments, add 196600 to the list.
Deletion will now be possible under Setup Bank Deter for Payment Trans.}
o A/c id if reqd 1111
HOUSE BANK
IMG > Financial Accounting > Bank Accounting > Bank Accounts
Define House Banks
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Each house bank of a company code is represented by a bank ID in the SAP system, every account at a
house bank by an account ID and are used say, for automatic payment transactions to determine the bank
details for payment.
Important settings: "bank key"
For Domestic banks Bank number
(However, domestic bank can have a/c in foreign currency)
For Foreign banks SWIFT code
Note : Assign a G/L account for the specified bank account. The G/L account is to be
managed in the same currency as the account at the bank.
• Outgoing payments configuration
Outgoing Payments
IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Outgoing Payments > Auto Outgoing
Payments > Payment Method / Bank Selection
[Set up all Company codes for payment transactions is similar to as discussed in Accounts Receivable]
Set up Payment methods per Country for Payment Transactions
The payment method determines how payments are to be made, e.g. by Check, Bank transfer or Bill of
exchange.
Payment methods are entered in the master records of customers and vendors in order to specify how
payments are made. If an open item is to be paid using a specific payment method, enter it in the open
item. The terms which have been defined for the payment method must be satisfied for the payment.
All payment methods are displayed in the customer or vendor master record in the screen for selecting the
payment method. Here you select the required payment method by marking it; the system transfers the
payment methods to the customer/vendor master record.
Important settings:
Required entries in the master record – such as Bank details, SWIFT code or collection authorization.
Note : If the required details have not been entered in the master record, the payment
method cannot be used.
Posting specifications i.e. Document types – ZP for Payment posting, ZA for clearing payments
Set up Payment methods per Company code for payment transactions
In this activity, you specify which payment method can be used per company code and determine the
conditions under which a payment method should be used.
Important Settings: Minimum & Maximum amount limits for payments
Note : A maximum amount must be specified otherwise the payment method cannot be
used. If you specify the payment method in an open item, the payment program ignores
the amounts you enter here.
Optimization
• by bank groups – If you optimize by bank groups, money is transferred from the house
bank to the business partner's bank in the shortest possible time. For this to be possible,
you assign all banks in the master records to a bank group defined by you.
• by postal codes – If you optimize by postal codes, the house bank selection is determined
by the business partner's domicile. If you select the "Optimization by postal codes" field,
you can go directly to the activity for assigning house banks to an interval of postal
codes.
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Foreign payment/Foreign currency payment
If you specify that the payment method can also be used for foreign currencies, all currencies are
permitted.
However you can control this by specifying certain currencies per payment method and country in the
activity “Set Up Payment Methods per Country for Payment Transactions”. Only payments in these
specified currencies are then made using this payment method.
Note : If the payment method only permits local currency payments, the specified
currencies are ignored.
o IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/OP/Auto OP/
o Payment method / Bank selection for payment Prg
o Setup all co codes for payment transactions
º Tolerance days 7 vendors FP customers FPJ
o Setup paying co codes for payment transactions
o Setup payment methods per country for payment transactions
º Currencies allowed [ blank = all curr allowed ]
º ZP payment posting, ZV payment clearing
º Copy one by one from GB for IN
o Setup payment methods per co code for payment transactions : maximum amount
5000000/-.
o Setup bank determination for payment transactions
º Ranking order : delete & create for C cheque [ deletion in reverse order
i.e. value date upwards ]
º Bank accounts : 113100
º Available amounts : approx amount available for making payments. Days
indicate interval of getting the bank statement for analysis etc.
º Value date : days taken for local clearance etc.
º Expenses / charges : useful for bill of exchange payments. Create here
and access in available amounts.
o Number ranges for cheques : [ FCHI ]
IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/OP/AutoOP/Payment_Media/Check Management
º Define no ranges for cheques : lot 101 chq no from 100000 to 100100
º Ensure vendor is created
º Raise invoice thru FB60
º SAP/Ac/FA/AP/DocEntry/OP
• F-53 post
• F-58 post and print cheque [ enter details & process open items]
º SAP/Ac/FA/AP/Account/F-44 for clearing payment to vendor thru FBCJ.
WT will however not appear. [ This is a substitute for FB15 on the
customer side. ]
º Automatic Payment Run :
 Note : AP/Periodic Proc/F110 Auto Payment Prog – Give run date and ID
like Mth, Qt etc, enter Co Codes, Vendor [ master data must contain paymt
meth ] from to, Addl log Vend from to, PrintOut Prg RFFOUS_C [as shown on
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payMeth] enter variant and Maintain TOP for Chq lot etc. Enter details, Output
Control DO NOT VOID CHEQUES.
BANK RECONCILIATION STATEMENT
SAP/FA/Banking/MasterData/BankMasterData
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• FI01 create. Instead of the above, you can also create the house bank thru
IMG/FA/BankAccounting/BankAccounts
• Define house bank - When the house bank is entered, click create button to create. The
other details on left like bank a/c con be copied wherever possible.
• IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/IP/AutoIP/Payment Method/Bank selection for payment prg
o Setup all co codes for payment transactions
º FPJ customers
º FP vendors
o Setup paying co codes for payment transactions
º Copy from …..
o Setup payment methods per country for payment transactions
º Copy IN cheque exists
º Possible currencies - include all possible currencies. If not set, payment
cannot be made in that currency.
o Setup payment method per co code for payment transactions
º C cheque
º Ranking order 1
º Min & max amounts for payment
º Optimize using postal code for faster searches.
o Setup bank determination for payment transactions
º Bank a/c create
º Available amounts for C
º Value dates
• IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/OP/AutoOp/PaymentMedia/CheckManagement
o Define no ranges for cheques
o Pass some bank entries thru FBCJ [cash journal]
• SAP/AC/Treasury/CashManagement/Incomings/ManualBankStatement
o FF67 enter
º Beginning balance = 0
º End balance = total or earlier entry
º In Further Processing keep Bank Posting E ON.
º The difference enter into the statement with +=dr & -=cr
º Save statement.
º Post statement from Bank Statement TOP.
o FEBA post process. Value date is important, as the matching takes place as per
the value dates.
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FOREIGN CURRENCY VALUATION AT CLOSING
At specific intervals [monthly,quarterly,annually], open items [customer/vendor] must be valued
and loss/gain reported - FASB52.
• FB70 - invoice in a different currency is to be valued and posted in co currency.
• SAP/Ac/FA/AR/Environment/Current Settings
o S_BCE_68000174 enter exch rates [OB08 ]
o Exch type “M” from USD to INR. Rate entered will generate loss/gain.
• SAP/Ac/FA/AR/PP/Closing/Valuate
o F.05 open item in foreign currency
º Valuation Method KTO - FC Bal per Account 10 Co Code Curr.
º Create Postings & Reverse Postings ON.
º Selections – Valuate Customer open items
º FASB52 Exch Cur Type M
º Process sessions and view doc ext.
• In case the customer is also a vendor
o Closing/Regroup - F101 receivables / payables
User can pass a reversal entry [ if reqd ] the next day, thereby nullifying the loss/gain
entries passed earlier.
FOREIGN CURRENCY VALUATION AT CLOSING
Valuation of open items at closing date (B/S date) at exchange rate prevalent on the closing date is done
as follows:
Set Exchange rates
[SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Environment > Current
Settings]
Here an exchange rate can be defined for an ‘exchange rate type’ and with a validity period. Any
document posted within this period will be converted at this rate for posting purposes.
Exchange rate types are:
Standard Bank selling rate B
Standard Bank buying rateG
Standard average rate M
 Note : However in real-time, this field is linked to an on-line system and reflects
real-time rate at any point of time.
Valuate Open Items in Foreign Currency F.05
[SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Periodic Processing > Closing >
Valuate]
Process this step after specifying all parameters like, valuation date, posting date, open item selection,
FASB exchange rate type, etc.
It will give a document extract with closing value of open items as well as “Foreign Exchange Loss/Gain”
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SALES AND DISTRIBUTION
IMG/ES/Definitions
• Financial Accounting
o Define credit control area [sd updation 000012] [ OB45/OB01/OB02 ]
SALES & DISTRIBUTION
IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Financial Accounting
Define Credit Control Area OB45
The Credit Control Area is an organizational unit that specifies and checks a credit limit for customers.
Credit limit, Risk group (create – OB01) and Credit representative group (create – OB02) all are specific to
a Credit Control Area. Whenever a new customer is created and any CCA is assigned in master record, all
parameters, which are specific to such CCA, get assigned to the customer automatically.
A CCA can include one or more Company codes but not vice-versa i.e. if “all Co codes” is selected ‘√’ while
defining a CCA, it would be applicable to all company codes defined in a Company. (i.e. it can be available
to ‘one or all’, but not ‘some’ company codes). Within a CCA, the credit limits must be specified in the
same currency.
The credit control area 0001 is defined in the SAP standard system.
 Note: SAP has defined 3 update types for SD updation – 000012, 000015, 000018
000012 000015 000018
Order Document √ √
(increases open order value)
Delivery Document √ √
(inc open delivery value and red open order value)
Billing Document √ √
(inc open billing doc value and red open delivery value)
FA Document √ √ √
(inc open item value and red open billing doc value)
• Controlling - only if you think necessary
o Copy delete check co area [copy from 0001]
º Top button structure, templates
º Co code
º Plant
º Sales orgn, dist channel. Division
º Co area co code [not necessary unless you want to enable controlling]
º Structure, navigation gives a tree effect
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• Logistics – general
o Define valuation level
º Stock valuation, keep valuation as at plant
o Define plant [necessary before copy o/w DEM & German plant
o Copy delete check plant [ OX10 ]
IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Logistics – General
Define Valuation Level (w.r.t. Stocks)
SAP has defined valuation level as Plant by default. Also in two cases valuation level must be Plant :
→ To use the SAP Application component for Production Planning / Costing, or
→ If SAP system is a Retail one
Define, Copy, Delete, Check, Plant OX10
• A Plant is an operating area or branch within a company. To use the SD module a Plant
must be created.
• It has got different meaning in different SAP modules:
→ MM : Location where material stock is kept
→ PP : Manufacturing facility
→ SD : Location from where material and services are distributed and corresponds to a
distribution centre.
 Note: Even is case of service organization, Plant has to be defined and here it would
mean the ‘Location’ services are rendered from.
• Data specific to a Plant are – Address / Language / Country / Own Material
Master Record.
• The Plant plays an important role in Material Valuation / Inventory
Management / MRP / Production / Costing / Plant Maintenance
Company Code

← Plant / Plants → Shipping Points ← Other Plants

Storage Locations
Activity :
Plant should be copied from SAP standard company 0001 (as creation of Plant needs creation of a lot
of tables).
 Note: Before copying it is important to define one Plant otherwise it would copy all the
German plant name, add, currency, etc.
o Define locations [ OX09 ]
Define Location OX09
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Business areas /
Sales Org /
Distribn Channels
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
• A location allows a plant to be classified according to spatial or situation criteria.
• Locations are used for informative assignment only. You can only use locations to
structure a matchcode or as parameter criteria in reporting. You cannot derive any functionality from
locations in terms of hierarchies, etc.
• The following master data objects can be assigned to these locations:
→ Asset master records of Asset Management / Pieces of equipment
→ Functional locations / Work centers
→ Production resources / Tools
o Define copy delete check divisions [ OVXB ] [goto next i.e. SD & copy from
templates]
Define, Copy, Delete, Check Division OVXB
• The division is one of the organizational units in Sales & Distribution that is used to group material
and services. (eg motorcycles, spare parts, services, etc)
• It is also required for business area account assignment for logistics transactions in Financial
Accounting. The area for the material is determined via the plant and the division defined in the material
master record.
• A division can represent a product group, for eg, one can restrict price agreement with a
customer to a certain division or can conduct statistical analysis by a division, etc.
• Creation of a material is specific to a set of “Plant, Division, Sales Organization & Distribution
Channel”.
• Sales & distribution
o Define copy delete check sales organization [ OVX5 ] [structure/templates]
IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Sales & Distribution
Define, Copy, Delete, Check Sales Organization OVX5
• Sales organization is an organizational unit in Logistics which groups the enterprise
according to the requirements of sales & distribution. A sales organization is responsible for
distributing goods and services, therefore it is also liable for the sold product and responsible
for the customer’s right of recourse.
• The sales organization is also used to take for example, a regional, national or international
sub-division of markets into account.
• A Sales organization is specific to a Company code. However, one or more Plants can be
assigned to one Sales organization.
• A Sales organization has its own customer and material master data as well as its own
conditions and pricing.
• All items in a sales & distribution document, that is, all items of an order, delivery or a billing
document are specific to a Sales organization.
• A Sales organization is the highest summation level (after the Client level) for sales statistics
with their own statistics currency.
A Sales organization cannot share any master data with other sales organizations. The master
data must be created separately. The data for a distribution channel or a division can,
however, be created for several distribution channels or divisions.
Activity:
Copy from SAP standard Sales organization 0001 (as creation of sales organization
contains lot of tables).
Parameters are name, address (Indian) & calendar (99 – Intl calendar).
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o Define copy delete check dist channel [ OVX1 ]
Define, Copy, Delete, Check Distribution Channel OVX1
• A Distribution channel can be allocated to one or more Sales organizations. In turn, one or more
plants can be allocated to a Distribution channel.
• A Distribution channel has its own master data for customers or materials as well as own
conditions and pricing.
• All items of a sales document is specific to a Distribution channel. The entire sales document is
therefore entered for a distribution channel.
• This organizational unit is a means thru which saleable material or services reach the customer.
And is used to
→ Define responsibility
→ Achieve flexible pricing, and
→ Differentiate sales statistics
Activity:
Copy from SAP standard Distribution Channel 01 (as creation of sales organization contains lot of tables)
Parameters are only name but no address.
o Maintain sales office [for service] [ OVX1 ]
o Maintain sales group [for service] [ OVX4 ]
• Material management
o Maintain storage locations [goods stored for delivery] [ OX09 ]
IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Material Management
Maintain Storage Locations OX09
• Storage Locations are specific to a Plant and there may be one or more storage locations within a plant.
• It is possible to store material data specific to a storage location.
• Stocks are managed only on a quantity basis and not on a value basis at storage location level. Physical
inventories are carried out at storage location level.
Activity:
Copy from SAP standard Storage Location 0001 (as creation of sales organization contains lot of
tables)
Parameters are name and address.
o Maintain purchasing organization [N/A] [ OX08 ]
• Logistics execution
o Define copy delete warehouse no [N/A]
o Define copy delete shipping point [ OVXD / EC07 ]
IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Logistics – Execution
Define, Copy, Delete, Check Shipping Point
• Shipping point is place from where goods are finally transported for delivery. Shipping
point is defined for transportation scheduling and delivery scheduling. It can be a loading ramp, a mail
depot, or a rail depot. It can also be, for example, a dedicated group of employees responsible only for
organizing urgent deliveries.
• It is a physical place and should be near to the delivering Plant. One or more shipping
points can be assigned to a Plant and vice-versa.
Important parameters :
Loading time: Loading time is the difference between goods issue time/date and Loading time/date.
Options available are:
• No loading time
• Route-dependent loading time
• Route-independent loading time, and
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• Default from shipping line
Pick-pack time: Pick-pack time is the difference between material availability time/date (after being issued)
and loading time/date. Options available are:
• No Pick-pack time
• Route-dependent Pick-pack time
• Route-independent Pick-pack time, and
• Default from shipping line
Departure zone: Departure zone is defined based on region where delivery originates from i.e, where
shipping point of a delivery is located and the place it has to go. SAP automatically proposes a
transportation route based on departure zone, country of origin / destination, shipping conditions and
transportation group.
Activity:
Copy from SAP standard Shipping Point 0001 (as creation of sales organization contains lot of tables).
Parameters are name and address.
o Maintain loading point
o Maintain transportation planning point
IMG/ES/Assignment
IMG > Enterprise Structure > Assignment
Here various organizational units as defined above are assigned to higher organizational units.
Activity :
Financial Accounting
Assign Co code → Credit control area
Logistics – General
Assign Plant → Co code
Sales & Distribution : Assign
Sales org → Co code
Dist channel → Sales org
Division → Sales org
Setup sales area → Combination of SO, Distr Channel & Div
 Note: Sales area is a not given any separate name, it is just a combination (SO, DC & Div), which
defines the distribution channel a sales organization uses to sell products from a certain division. Each
sales document is assigned to exactly one sales area, and this cannot be changed later.
Sales area → Credit control area
Sales org & Dist channel → Plant
 Note : In case of copying from SAP standard, it may happen that the target org unit are assigned to
other existing org units incl SAP standard units and vice versa. Here it becomes necessary to clear
unwanted assignments from both places.
 Note: In FI assignment screen is presented in ‘Table’ form while in case of SD, Logistics, etc it is
presented in ‘Tree’ form.
Logistics – Execution
Assign Shipping Point → Plant
Note: While copying from 0001, you may end up with multiple shipping points, which can be
cleared by IMG > LE > Shipping > Picking > Determine Pick Loc > Assign Pick Loc : DELETE
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unwanted assignments & go back to assignment of SP. Unwanted SP can now be deleted.
To clear problem of SP determination :
IMG > LE > Shipping > Basic Shipping Functions > SP & GRP Determination > Assign SP – DEASSIGN and DELETE as
above.
Shipping condition problem:
IMG > LE > Shipping > Define Shipping condition by sales doc type : select sales doc type as ‘OR’ & Shipping
Condition as ‘01’.
The above would normally happen when 0001 is copied & all associated SP will be assigned. These multiple SP
create a problem at Sales Order creation (VA01) & Outbound Delivery (VL01N).
• Financial accounting
o Assign co code to company
o Assign co code to credit control area [ OB38 ]
• Controlling [only if necessary]
o Assign co code to co area [ OXO6 ]
o Assign control area to operating concern
• Logistics – general
o Assign plant to co code [ OX18 ]
• Sales & distribution
o Assign sales org to co code [ OVX3 ]
o Assign dist channel to sales org [ OVXK ]
o Assign div to sales org [ OVXA ]
o Setup sales area [ combination of SO & div] [ OVXG / OVXM ]
o Assign sales office to sales area [ OVXM ]
o Assign sales group to sales office [ OVXJ ]
o Assign sales org & dist channel to plant [ OVX6 ]
o Assign sales area to credit control area [ OVFL ]
• Logistics execution
o Assign shipping point to plant [ OVXC ]
 Note:
o While copying from 0001, you may end up with multiple shipping points, which can
be cleared by LE/Shipping/Picking/Determine Pick Loca/Assign PL - DELETE
unwanted assignments & go back to assignment of SP. There you will now be able
to delete unwanted SP. To clear problem of SP determination [ OVL2 ] -
LE/Shipping/Basic_Shipping_Functions/SP&GRP_Determination/Assign SP -
DEASSIGN and DELETE as above. Shipping condition problem
IMG/LE/Shipping/Define_Shipping_condition_by_sales_doc_type select sales doc type
[ZOR] & enter SC 01. The above would normally happen when 0001 is copied & all
associated SP will be assigned. These multiple SP create a problem at VA01 &
VL01N.
• IMG/SD/Master data
o Define common dist channel [IMG/SD/Master Data - common master data in DC Div should be defined
& assigned to a co code. Master data forms the basis for SD processing. Precisely maintained data simplifies &
accelerates the operations procs in daily business.}
IMG > Sales & Distribution > Master Data
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Define common Distribution channel (& Division )
Here condition data and customer & material master data defined in one Distribution channel (or Division)
can be assigned to other distribution channels (or Divisions) also. However this sharing is under one sales
organization and not cross sales org.
Note: Even if there is only one distribution channel, this IMG step is important.
- Activity:
Sales org Distr Chl DChl-cond DChl-cust/mt
0001 01 01 01
(similarly for Division)
o Define common divisions
• IMG/ES/Assignment/Consistency Check
o Check Enterprise Structure for S & D. Execute & clear all errors.
IMG > Enterprise Structure > Consistency Check
Consistency check is done for ensuring if all assignments regarding enterprise structure in sales &
distribution (only) is proper. If there is any error SAP points those errors in this IMG function. In case of any
error (in allocating organization units) it is recommended to correct errors before proceeding with further
IMG activity.
SAP/Logistics/Material Management/Material
• Create general MM01 immediately / MM11 schedule
 Note:
o Use OMSY for cur yr dates. Year has to be closed under MM, so that year can be current etc. To change dates.
LogGen/MatlMaster/Tools/Initialise_Period MMPI / MMPV. In case all screens do not come up for MM01,
LogGen/MatlMaster/BasicSettings/MatlTypes/Define Attributes of Matl Types, click FERT & select the
screens you want. DO NOT TOUCH WH.
Create General (Material) MM01
[SAP Menu > Logistics > Material Management > Material Master > Material]
• Material is created w.r.t Industry type (eg FMCG, Pharma, etc) and Material type (eg raw mat,
finished goods, spare parts, services, etc)
• Change number: Creating a material with a ‘change number’ allows SAP to
- Make changes effective from a date or on some parameter (eg serial no)
- Keep log and documentation of changes made, etc.
• A Material can also be copied from some other existing material.
• Required views (for master data entry) can be selected for each material created based on their
industry & material type.
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• Material is created specific to a Plant & Storage Location.
• Select Organisational Levels [top butt] for Sorg, DC,Div
• Select views & data : screens
o Basic data 1
• Base unit G
• Division
• Matl group [with & without tax]
• Gross wt
• Net wt
• Wt unit
• Gen Item Cat Group - NORM
Important minimum settings:
Basic Data 1:
Base Unit of Measurement gram, kg meter, etc
Material Group (defined earlier) to group mat/services with similar attributes (01)
Division Product division
GenItmCatGrp Item category defined for sales doc processing
(Item category is defined to determine whether a sales activity is distr channel dependent,
packing dependent, delivery process required or not say, services, that don’t require delivery
processing, etc. Define NORM here)
Weight specifications gross wt, net wt, weight unit, etc.
o Basic data 2
• DG dangerous goods [ not reqd, but if entered, may cause probs ]
o Classification - not required do not enter
o Sales org 1
• Base unit G
• Sales unit EA [on exit define EA=nG]
• Division
Sales Org 1:
Base UoM gm, etc (come auto, as defined above)
Division Product Div (come auto, as defined above)
Sales Unit EA (each), DZ (dozen), etc
(on exiting this screen, it asks to define 1 EA = n UoM)
Material Group 01 (come auto, as defined above)
o Sales org 2
• Gen Item Cat Group – NORM
o Sales general / plant
• Shipping data 0001 on pallets
• Availability check 02 Individual Requirements.
Sales–Gen / Plant:
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Availability check 01 (individual requirement)
(this function specify SAP whether and how to check mat availability and generate requirement
for Material Planning)
Base UoM, gross wt, net wt comes auto (as defined above)
Transportation Group 0001 (on pallets)
Loading Group 0001 (on crane)
(specific transportation and loading requirement group that can be allocated to many materials
must have been defined earlier.)
 Note: “Sales : General/Plant” data is also relevant for sales & distribution but is valid for
respective delivering Plant.
o Foreign trade export
• Country of origin IN
• Region 10 Karnataka [o/w while saving a message reg foreign goods]
Foreign Trade Export
Country of origin Country from where material is bought
Region of origin(optional) Region of country (as mentioned above)
(in case of national goods if this is not defined, SAP gives a message as foreign goods require
some certificate as per IMPEX procs)
o Sales Text - n/a
o MRP1 [mat requirement plan]
• MRP proc PD/ND
• MRP controller 001
• Lot size DY [dynamic]
• Ordering Costs 100
• Storage Costs Indicator 1
MRP1 (Material Requirement Planning)
MRP type PD (activates MRP)
Lot size DY (dynamic)
MRP Controller group responsible for MRP
Ordering cost as desired
o MRP2
• Proc type X inhouse, external prodn, both etc
• Schedule Margin Key 000
• [Message of 0 prodn inhouse is ok.]
MRP2
Procurement type X (E-inhouse, F-external, X-both etc)
Schedule margin key 000
(key that determine the float required for scheduling an order)
o MRP3 - forecast requirements
• Periodic indicator M monthly
• Availability check 02 Indl requests
• Pl conv factor 1 PL Plant [only if reqd]
MRP3
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Period Indicator M (monthly)
(period in which material’s consumption values and forecast values are managed)
Availability check 02 (comes auto, as defined above)
Planning conv factor eg. 100 g = 1 kg, etc
(if there is a difference in UoM in present material and UoM of MRP)
o MRP4 n/a
MRP4
Forecast model D (constant)
Historical periods any (past periods used for forecasting)
Forecast period any (future periods for forecasting)
Initialization X (by system), M(manual)
Tracking limit amount by which forecast may deviate
Model selection used to initialize forecast based on a model
(T – Trend, S – Seasonal fluctuation, A- Both trend & seasonal fluctuation)
Selection Procedure
(1 – SAP will look for trends/seasonal fluctuations first and then use a relating
forecast model, 2 – use all forecast model)
o Quality management n/a
o Forecasting
• Historical periods 60
• Forecasts 12
• Forecast model D constant
• Control data initialization X [by system]
• Tracking limit [ 4.000 ], analytical model [ 2 ]
o Work scheduling n/a
o Plant data/storage1 n/a
o Plant data/storage2 n/a
o Warehouse mgmt 1 [do not configure]
o Warehouse mgmt 2 [do not configure]
o Accounting1
• Currency INR
• Cost price xxxx
• Cur period 03 1998
• Current valuation BLANK
• Valuation class 7920 [for finished goods FERT]
• Price control S std price [will not be allowed if valuation category in
general data is filled up]
• Price unit 1 moving avg price
• Prev period 02 1998
• Total stock, total value
• Valuation class 7920 [if left blank, MB1C error]
• Prod stk val class 7920
• VC Stock val 7920
Accounting 1
Base UoM g (come auto, as defined above)
Currency INR (come auto, as defined above)
Current period
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Division 01 (come auto, as defined above)
Valuation Class 7920 (for Finished Goods)
Price control S (standard cost) – used to value inventory
(will not be allowed if ‘valuation category’ in the same screen is selected)
Standard price as desired
Valuation class for Sales order 7920 (standard cost)
Valuation class for Projected stock 7920 (standard cost)
 Note: With the above minimum settings, a F/G material can be created.
 Note: Data other than specifically mentioned above are also relevant and valid for
respective ……………………… organizational units.
o Accounting 2 plant stock
o Costing 1 n/a
o Costing 2 n/a
• SAP/Logistics/MaterialManagement/InventoryManagement/Environment
o Stock MMBE check stock
• SAP/Logistics/SD/MasterData/BusPartners/Customers/Create
o VD01 S&D
• On selection SOLD TO PARTY - Screens
• General data
• Recon a/c 140000
• Trans payment 0001
• Sales area data, sales office, group etc
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• Address
• Control data
• Marketing
• Unloading points
• Export data
• Contact persons
• Partner Functions [ enter SP, BP, PY, SH as sold to party, bill to,
payer & ship to with number INTERNAL ]
You should have already created a customer under FD01, & entered the co
code data, as the above are linked to a sales area, and not co code. [VD01 –
sales areas, XD01 all areas]
• Shipping point - only complete delinery, unlimited tolerance
• Billing document
o Inv date 99 [intl]
o Inco terms EXW WORKS
o Payment terms 0001 Immediate
• Acct assignment group 01 domestic revenues
SAP/Logistics/SD/MasterData/Agreement/CustomerMaterialInformation
• VD51 create [ to substitute technical material with brand name. VD51 will work after
VD01]
Create Customer Material Info Record VD51
[SAP Menu > Logistics > SD > Master Data > Agreements > Customer Material Information]
Any material with a technical name (as created under MM01) can be substituted with a “brand
name”
Note: VD51 will work only after a customer has been created.
INTEGRATION SALES & DISTRIBUTION WITH FI
• IMG/SD/BasicFunctions/AcAssignment-Costing/Revenue A/c Determination
o Check master data for Ac Assignment
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º Material AA group 01 trading groups [mfg], 02 performances [ser]
º Customers AA group domestic,foreign, affiliated [CC]
INTEGRATION OF SALES & DISTRIBUTION (SD) WITH FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING (FI)
IMG > SD > Basic Function > Account Assignment / Costing > Revenue Account Determination
Check Master data for Account assignment (Revenue Determination)
Material Account Assignment group & Customer Account Assignment group:
• SAP uses this parameter (group) when creating an accounting document from a billing
(sales) document. In case of each of these, one ‘alphanumeric’ key can be defined which can have upto
‘two’ characters and a description.
• Revenue accounts have been sub-divided into FI and CO, hence account groups have to
be defined in co-ordination with FI & CO.
• Example Account groups can be:
Material 01 Finished Products (FERT)
02 Packaging material (VERP), etc
Customer 01 Domestic Revenues
02 Foreign Revenues, etc
• make sure that account group keys are entered in the Material master and Customer
master record.
o Define dependencies for revenue a/c determination
º Display, create, change - field catalogue [ N/A ]
o Define access sequence & a/c determination types
º Maintain access sequences
• KOFI A/c determination
• KOFR
o Define A/c determination types
º KOFI
º KOFR
Define Access sequence and Account determination types
Maintain Access sequences for Account determination: SAP standard Access sequence for Account
determination is available with key “KOFI”.
Define Account determination type: Here condition types can be defined to be used by Access sequences
(as defined above). For simplicity sake, define a condition type “KOFI” (Account determination with CO) &
“KOFK” (Account determination with CO) and assign it the access sequence KOFI (SAP standard – as
defined above).
Note: In Account determination procedure, under ‘requirement’ field, KOFI will be assigned “3” i.e, without
CO Acct assignment, and KOFK will be assigned “2” i.e, with CO Acct assignment. (this 2 & 3 must have
been defined earlier somewhere else.)
Note: Both KOFI & KOFK shall be within same step sequenced by ‘counter’ 1 & 2.
o Define and assign A/c determination procedures
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º Billing Type F2 - Proc KOFI00
º Control Data KOFI 3 / KOFK 2
º Cash Allocation A/c Key EVV cash clearing
Define and Assign Account determination Procedure
Define Account determination procedure: Here a procedure is defined which SAP uses to check the
sequence (steps) in which ‘determination types’ (as defined above) are to be used for revenue
determination. SAP standard procedure is available with key “KOFI00”.
Assign Account determination procedure: Procedure (defined above) is allocated to ‘Billing types’ (eg
Invoice, Credit Memo, etc) for which a corresponding account determination is to be carried out.
o Define & assign a/c keys
º ERL, ERS, EWS, MWS
Define and Assign Accounting keys
Accounting keys, when assigned, link the condition types (determination types) to the respective G/L
accounts. These are defined in co-ordination with FI. SAP standard accounting keys are:
ERF freight revenues
ERL revenues
ERS sales deductions
EVV cash settlement
MWS sales tax
o Assign A/cing key
º ZWMP01 ERL Revenue, MWS Discount/Taxes
o Assign GL A/c’s [ create for 005 ] [ VKOA ]
º 001 cust grp/mat grp/A/c key
º Application V
º Condition KOFI
º COA HPCL
º S ORG HPCL
º A/c Key
Assign G/L Accounts
In standard SAP settings, 5 types of tables contain different combinations for SD interface with FI where a
relevant G/L account must be assigned :
Table Description
001 Cust Grp / Mat Grp / Acct key
002 Cust Grp / Acct key
003 Mat Grp / Acct key
004 General
005 Acct Key
• ON THE FA SIDE
• IMG/FA/GLA/BT/Integrate/S&D [ VKOA ]
o Prepare revenue a/c determination [same as SD 001,2,3,4]
o Carryout document summarization for sales & distribution
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Common combination of Application V,
Cond type for Acct determn KOFI, Chart
of Accounts INT, Sales Org 0001 are
common in all these tables. Combination
varies only on cust grp, mat grp and acct
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
PRICING PROCEEDURE
• VOK0 - maintain pricing
o Header - pricing porceedure copy from WMP001 to ZWMP01
o Customer pricing procedure 1 std, 2 std+tax
Condition Type MWST as under :
Access sequence MWST
Cond Class D Plus /minus A
Calc type A
Cond Cat D
Rounding rule BLANK
Manual entries Blank
Group cond On
Header cond On Amount/perc On
Item cond On
Text det proc Taxes Text id 0001
o SD does not generate taxes. – in MWST add condition thru VK11 – in ZWMP01, condition MWST must have Reqt 10
[plant is set] & at AltCBV 16 [net value – this makes tax on net value i.e. exclusive. In FICO all taxes are incl]In case
you want to analyse why taxes not calc, analyse at VA01, dbl click qty / conditions / analysis. In case VFX3 reports that a
taxcode SA etc is missing, the same can be created in FA Global, so that taxes are calculated.Tax probs VOK0 / Acc Seq
MWST - for Access No 8 [Departure Country/ Destination Country] Requirement 8 [Export business exclusive on] and
condition type MWST [VOK0 / VK11] created for taxcode A1. Tax Probs SD/Basci Func/Taxes/Plants Abroad/Assign GL
Ac to Ac Key / goto table …………………………… 005 Appli CondType COA Sorg
Act Key GL A/c …………V KOFI HPCL HPCL
MWS 175000 Regionwise taxes possible thru county code, but MWST does not support it. You
may have to explore USTX etc. County can be set at plant & customer a/c.
o A/c keys ERL Revenue, MWS TAX, ERS Discount
PRICING PROCEDURE
 Note: An old version transaction code VOK0 is quite useful, as it displays all functions
related to defining, populating and assigning pricing procedure in one screen only (by header menus).
Header > pricing procedure
Define Pricing procedure V/08
SAP has standard pricing procedures for many a cases, yet if a different procedure has to be created, an
existing procedure can be copied and changes be made via condition types to suite the requirement in
hand.
 Note: It is recommended that copy be made by prefixing ‘Z’ to the original procedure.
SAP standard pricing procedure for Product Catalogue is WMP001 which (incorporates taxes in pricing) but
it has condition type MWST i.e. only I/O taxes, which we will copy to ZWMP001 and incorporate various
condition types for excise duties and sales taxes that we defined in FI.
 Note: WMP001 does not have any condition type for discounts and other considerations
(which are mainly defined and populated in SD) which can of course be added but for simplicity sake,
we will proceed with simple ‘base amount’ and ‘taxes’ only (which have been defined and populated in
FI).
 Note: For taxes, check the following setting:
Reqt 10 i.e. Plant is Set
Alt Cond Base Value 16 i.e. Tax on Net i.e. base amount
Header > Pricing procedure > Customer Pricing Procedure
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Customer Pricing Procedure OVKP
1 Standard
2 Standard incl Sales tax
o Header - condition type / definition
º Copy from PR00 to ZPR0
Condition Type ZPRO as under :
Access sequence PR02
Cond Class B Plus /minus Blank
Calc type C
Cond Cat Blank
Rounding rule Blank
Manual entries B
Header cond On Amount/perc On
Item cond On
Pricproc Zwmp01
Scale basis C
Check value A
Qty conversion On Pricing date Blank
Text det proc Price Text id 0001
º Set entries from Manual priority to Auto priority
o Header - condition type / Access sequence
º Accesses
º Fields
o Header - pricing procedure/proc determination
º Ensure co has the relevant pricing procedure ZWMP01
o Header - environment / maintain condition / create [TC-VK11]
º Enter condition type
º Select material with release status
º Material
º Rate i.e. sale price
º Unit i.e. INR
º Per i.e. 1
º UOM ie EA
º Calc Type i.e. C Qty
º Valid - from / to
Condition must exist for a particular material to process sales order.
Condition must exist for a particular tax code at the country and domestic
business level for correct taxes.
Header > Condition Types > Condition types & Access sequences
Maintain Condition Types and Access Sequences V/06 & V/07
Normally SAP standard condition types and Access sequences (say MWST) will be available in both FI & SD
(in SD, there is table for each condition “Create Condition Tables” besides the “Define Condition Types”
function, the latter being same as in FI).
As we have defined our condition types (JT1, JT2, etc) and access sequence (TAXINM) ourselves, it has to
be ensured that the condition types and access sequence and all relevant Account keys are made
available in SD also.
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Populate the pricing procedure with relevant condition types and accounting keys.
Header > Pricing Procedure > Procedure determination
Assign Pricing procedure to Sales Area (a comb of SO, Distr chl, Div) OVKK
Header > Environment > Condition > create/change
Associating Material with condition type VK11
Enter condition type, select Material with release status, enter material name and other relevant detail,
validity from/to.
INITIAL STOCK ENTRY
SAP/Logisticsl/MM/InvMgmt/GoodsMovement/GoodsReceipt/Other
• MB1C - create initial stock of material
o Movement type 561
o Entry into unrestricted use
o Doc date posting date
• Stock MMBE check stock
• IMG/FA/Global/Document/PostingPeriods/Open&ClosePP
o OMSY material management on co codes
o MMPI to initiallise posting periods [for materials]
o MMPI does not work in 4.70. Use MMPV & close period by period.
DATA ENTRY – Initial Stock
[SAP Menu > Logistics > MM > Inventory Management > Goods Movement > Goods Receipt ]
Enter other Goods : Initial Stock MB1C
Activity: Movement Type 561 i.e. entry into unrestricted use
Check Stock MMBE
Displays an overview of stock, consumption, balance, etc data.
Material Management view on Co codes OMSY
Displays open period for material posting for a company code.
Initialize Open periods MMPI / MMPV
Initializes open period for material posting which had earlier been closed.
 Note: This function would delete all future records (i.e., from the date of initializing till date)
for the concerned material which might be existing in the system.
Initial stock entry [DO NOT COPY WH, OR DEFINE IT FOR MM01] Sometimes
MB1C gives an error – product class FERT does not exist / consistent etc. Reason FERT
is not defined for updating in
IMG/CO/PCC/PCPlanning/Mat_cost_estimate_with_qty_stru/
Settings_for_qty_stru_control/Material_data/Check_attributes_of_mat_types/ select matl
& left Qty/Value updating & FERT E
You may have to incorporate valuation group OMWD
A/c determination - MM/Valu&A/cAssignment/A/cDeter/Wizard [ not recommended ]
A/c deter w/out wizard - configure auto postings [use options/simulation/input mode]
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If a/c’s are blank, enter relevant a/c’s manually for procedures UMB, BSX, PRD,GBB
etc
MB1C – FERT – 7920 - 561
Proc PK A/c Dr PK A/c Cr
UMB gain/loss reval 83 232500 93 282500 D/C, V/C
BSX inv posting 89 792000 99 792000 V/C
PRD cost price diff PRA 86 231500 96 281500 D/C, G/M, V/C
GBB offsetting entry BSA 81 799999 91 799999 D/C, G/M, V/C
VAX 81 893010 91 893010 - - -
SALES ORDER & BILLING
• SAP/LOG/SD/SALES
o VA01 - Order [2 change, 3 display] sales order first created with open status [
ZMIL tc VOV8 ] [ F2 tc VOFA ]
º Complete details of sold to party, inco terms, material & qty
º Check Taxes [ Dbl Click Qty, Conditions]
º Save
o Sold to party does not exist – when customer was created under FD01, create from VD01 / in VA01 use create button, &
re enter the VA01.In case of Business Area, ensure BA assignment in all LG, SD,LE & complete data comparison under
Log General. Create a new order type under IMG/SD/Sales/Sales_Documents/SDHeader/DefineSDTypes create
newAssign sales area to SD Types IMG/Basic_Function/AA&Costing/AssignGLAccounts [140000, 140030 if former
does not work]In case you want to analyse why taxes not calc, analyse at VA01, dbl click qty / conditions / analysis.
Sales Order ZMIL as under :
SD Document Cat C
No range int assig 01 Item no increment 10
No range ext assig 02 Sub item increment 10
Check division 2 Item division On
Probability 100 Read info record On
Output Aplication V1
Screeen sequence grp AU Display Criteria UALL
Incompletion Proc 11 Fcode for overw scr UER1
Transaction Grp 0
Doc Pric Proc A
Delivery type LF
Shipping conditions 01
Dlv rel billing type F2 CndType line items EK02
Order rel billing type F2
InterComp bill type IV Payment guar proc 01
Payment card plan type 03
Checking type 01
Propose delivery date On
SALES ORDER & BILLING
[SAP Menu > Logistics > Sales & Distribution > Sales]
Create Sales Order VA01
Sales Order is created with reference to a ‘sales area’. Type of Sales order (i.e. Standard order,
dr/cr Memo, etc) option is there.
Sales order is first created with open status (ZMIL).
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Activity:
→ Details of Sold-to-Party, Enco terms, etc
→ ‘Check Taxes’ will show the taxes details (to ensure that condition types defined and
populated is ok)
→ Save
Change Sales Order VA02
Display Sales Order VA03
• Shipping & Transportation/Outbound Delivery
o VL01N - outbound delivery order [2 change, 3 display] If storage loca not entered at
MM01, you have to enter it here. Problems of shipping point / condition clear as above. SC 01 [std]. In case GL A/c
893010 not existing error, goto FS00 & create with reference.
o Enter storage location and pick the goods
o In picking the goods are blocked for a customer.
o Post goods issue [ MM & FI are affected ]
OUTBOUND DELIVERY
[SAP Menu > Logistics > Shipping & Transportation > Outbound Delivery]
Create Outbound Delivery (with ref to Sales order) VL01N
Activity:
Enter storage Location and Pick Goods
In Picking goods are locked for Customer
Post Goods issue (FI & MM are affected after posting)
 Note: In case of PR00 missing error, create thru a separate session, dbl click qty in the
order, go to conditions, update and carryout new pricing.
 Note: After delivery but before billing, the price can be changed thru VA02 & carryout new
pricing.
Create Outbound Delivery (without ref to Sales order) VL01NO
Change Outbound Delivery VL02N
Display Outbound Delivery VL03N
• In case of PR00 missing error, create thru a separate session, dbl click qty in the order,
goto conditions, update and carryout new pricing.
• After delivery but before billing, the price can be changed thru VA02 & carryout new
pricing.
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• BILLING
o VF01 create billing document. The delivery order comes up auto.
o Save
o In case of Foreign Trade Error : S&D/Foreign Trade Customs/Control Foreign Trade Data in MM & SD Documents
/Import Screens in Purchasing Documents : HPCL Import Data should be BLANK. S&D/Foreign Trade
Customs/Basic Data for Foreign Trade/Define Comodity Codes /Import Code Nos by Country : There should be no entry
for IN.
o In case of no doc no range, create the doc no range. [ FBN1 ]
o In case of Billing problems – no a/c docs use VFX3 at SAP/LOG/SD/Billing/Billing Doc and release biling doc for a/cing
by clicking flag 7 . In case it is unsuccessful, a message will appear to go to notes at top header.
o In case of wrong reco a/c, 140000 is the normal reco a/c [img/s&d/basic functions/account assign costing/reco acct
determination/assign GL a/c’s][ OV64 ]. Using 140030 will stop postings to the Customer A/c. Use
[img/s&d/billing/billing documents/define billing types] [ VOFA ], GoTo Billing doc type F2 [defined in
img/s&d/sales/sales doc header/define sales doc[sales order] types - VOV8], and ENSURE ONLY RECO A/C IS ON .
In case Acc Det Cash settlement is on, the posting will go to a GL a/c instead of a customer a/c.
o VF02 the billing doc comes up auto. View the accounting entries.
Billing Document F2 as under :
Billing type F2
No range int assig 19 Item no increment Blank
SD document category M
Transaction group 7 Statistics On
Negative posting No
Branch/Head Office Custo mer/Payer/Branches
Cr memo w/val dt No
Invoice list type LR Rel for rebate On
Cancellation type S1
Account determ proc KOFI00
Doc pric proc A
Acc det rec acc KOFIAB
Acc det cash set Blank
Acc det pay cards A00001
Output deter proc V10000 Application V3
Item output proc Blank
Output type RD00
Header partners FK
Item partners FP
Text deter proc 03
Text determ proc itm 04
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BILLING
[SAP Menu > Logistics > Billing > Billing Document]
Create Billing Document VF01
Delivery order comes up automatically, save, and it will be posted in SD & FI
Change Billing Document VF02
Display Billing Document VF03
INTEGRATION MATERIALS MANAGEMENT
• IMG/MM/Valuation & A/c Assignment
o A/c determination wizard [DO NOT COMPLETE]. You make configurations
relevant to transactions in Inventory Management & invoice verification [for
automatic postings to GL a/c in Financial Accounting & Cost Accounting]
o You do the above, with/without the wizard or a combination of both
o The wizard always reads the existing customization settings first. These are
displayed as defaults & form the basis for further adjustments.
o Pre-requisites co code, plant, material types
o Select material type used FERT - finished goods. Check E only material types
in use & be careful when you uncheck a material type. If a material type is
unchecked, you cannot post to that material type.
o Activate purchase a/c mgmt Y/N
o Activate purchase a/c mgmt for co codes
o Assign chart of accounts
o Assign plants to groups - all plant or co codes in the same group will post
identically
o Examine different material types - SAP assumes that inventory related a/c’s will
differ by material type. However some a/c postings like freight may not differ by
material. Hence if you select ”Yes”, it would mean that even non – material types
like freight are material type dependent.
o Select a/c postings
o Maintain valuation classes - ideally you should have one valuation class per
material type.
o Maintain inventory accounts - stock a/c nos to be filled up. Internal processing
key BSX. BSX rule for valuation is always set “ON”. BSX rules for dr/cr & a/c
modifier is always set “OFF”.
o Maintain dr/cr rule : in MM there are transactions & events that may be posted
to the Expenses/Revenue a/c or to Price Differences. This a/c is either dr or cr
depending on whether then transactions or event requires a correction to your
disadvantage [DR] or in your favour [CR]. You can setup two a/c’s, so that a DR
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is posted to one & a CR to another. Checking a checkbox E will set the DR/CR
rule “ON” for the corresponding internal process key. The process keys are :
º Cost [price] differences PRD
º Exp/rev from stock transfer AUM
º Exp/inc from revaluation UMB
º Offsetting entry for inventory postings GBB
º Exp/rev from consignment mat consumption AKO
o Maintain MM Transactions - start with the 1
st
incomplete transaction [no green
mark] & work your way down. If you are unsure of an a/c, leave it blank, &
change later. By entering corresponding nos to each transaction for a material
movement, you are assigning a/c nos to the internal process keys. Depending on
its rules, some process keys may have more than one a/c no. in this case the
wizard takes you to a detail screen.
o Final Screen - DO NOT COMPLETE [o/wise the wizard will auto a/c assign,
and a lot of other users will be affected]
• Account determination without wizard
o Define valuation control [ OMWM ]
º Group code active
o Group together valuation areas
º Val group code 0001
º Val area plant
o Define valuation classes
º A/c category reference
º Valuation class [ OMSK ]
º Material type/A/c category reference [ OMS2 ]
o Define A/c group for movement type
º One complete table contains cols
º Movement type
º Special stock
º Val update
º Consumption
º Val string
º Counter
º Tran event key
º A/c modifier
º Check up assignment
• Purchase a/c management
o Activate purchase a/c in co code
o Calculation of value for purchase a/c - whether receipted value of purchase
with/without delivery costs
o Separate a/cing documents for purchase a/c postings - define whether the system
should create 2 separate FI docs for stock & purchase a/c postings or for invoice
& purchase a/c postings
º Goods receipt doc 1
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
• Purchase a/c DR
• To GI/IR clearing a/c [goods inward, invoice receipt etc]
º OR
• Purchase a/c DR
• Freight a/c DR
• To GR/IR clearing a/c
• To Freight clearing a/c
º Document 2
• Purchase offsetting a/c &
• Stock/price diff a/c
º Invoice receipt
• Purchase a/c
• To GR/IR clearing a/c / vendor a/c
º For delivery costs
• Freight a/c
• To Freight clearing a/c
o You can use only 2 documents if the purchase a/c is posted at the receipt value,
o/wise the difference between GR/IR clearing a/c and the purchase a/c would
result in a balance not being equal to zero. In std SAP config, only one a/c doc is
created.
o Activate separate a/c doc in val area.
o Create new doc type for separate doc - define a new doc type for the 2
nd
a/c doc.
The doc type must be different from the doc type for goods receipt [GR,WN] and
invoice receipts [IR].
o Assign a no range to the document
o Configure no range for new doc type
• Inventory management
o Assign a new doc type to inventory management trans. This includes all
transactions that generate goods movements with reference to purchase orders i.e.
MB01, MB04,MB0A & purchasing trans [beginning with ME* & ML*] You
must also assign the new doc type for automatic movements.
• Invoice Verification
o Configure Doc type for separate Purchasing a/c doc
o Assign the new doc type to logistics invoice verification transactions.
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ASSET ACCOUNTING
• Organisational Structure [ OA08 ]
o Check country specific settings
º LVA low value assets
º AUC assets under construction
Post net book value, capitalize Auc, w/o downpayment
ASSET ACCOUNTING
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Organizational Structure
Check Country specific settings
SAP has pre-configured Assets Accounting for most of the countries but 4.6c version is not available with
country-India version for assets accounting. All country specific settings get assigned to the company, once
the (SAP specific) Chart of Depreciation is assigned to the Company code.
However 4.7 version is available with country-India settings.
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(double click and you get into the following parameters)
Max value for LVA posting: If certain value is specified here, any asset below this value, irrespective of its
asset class, will get posted to the LVA assets and not to their respective class.
Net Book value for depr changeover: SAP changes the method of depr once ‘net book value, gets below this
amount. In this case, depr key must be defined with ‘changeover method 3’.
Post net book value: If this is selected SAP doesn’t post gain/loss on disposal of assets. It is instead posted
(for net book value of the asset) to ‘revenue clearing from asset sale’ – not used in India. (but mandatory in
France)
Capitalize AuC w/o Down payments: While capitalizing an asset under construction, SAP ignores down
payments made to the construction company, if this is selected.
• Copy reference chart of dep / dep areas [ EC08 ]
Copy Reference Chart of Depreciation / Depreciation areas
Chart of Depreciation
The chart of depreciation is a list of depreciation areas arranged according to business and legal
requirements. The chart of depreciation enables you to manage all rules for the valuation of assets in a
particular country or economic region.
SAP provides country-specific charts of depreciation with predefined depreciation areas. These charts of
depreciation serve only as a reference for creating your own charts of depreciation, and are therefore not
directly accessible in the SAP system. When creating a chart of depreciation, you have to copy the reference
chart of depreciation.
o Specify description - change desc
o Copy delete depreciation areas
º Book dep, IT dep etc
º Real dep areais posted to GL, unlike IT dep which is not posted
º Negative values in assets are allowed
º Proportion of depreciation – if the divisor is 2, ½ the value is considered
for dep etc.
Depreciation Areas
Depreciation area is set up to handle depreciation for a particular purpose say, tax depr, book depr, cost
accounting depr, etc.
Depreciation area can be ‘real’ or ‘derived’.
→ ‘Real’ depreciation area is which get posted to G/L accts and reflected in financial statements P&L
a/c and B/S (book depr), statutory reporting (tax depr) or other internal management reporting
purposes (cost accounting depr).
→ ‘Derived’ depr area is one which derives its value form real depr and is used in cases where
additional or special depreciation is allowed.
Each depr area belongs to at least one ‘chart of depr’, but other depr area can also be defined in any such
‘chart of depr’ so that values of one area can be taken over by other area. For e.g.
01 Book Depreciation
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Double click for setting the
parameters
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
15 Tax Balance Sheet
20 Cost Accounting Depreciation
parameters:
Book Depr Tax Depr Cost Acct
Depr
Real depr area indicator on on on
(this indicator ‘on’ means SAP will store these values in database)
Posting in G/L a/c indicator 1 0 3
o Assign COD to co code [ OAOB ]
o Specify number assignment across co codes [ AO11 ]
º Use co code for assignment of no ranges
Specify number assignment across Company Codes
In SAP, assets are created with ‘Main Asset No’ under which many assets are created with sub-numbers. It is
possible to define ‘Main Asset No’ across various Company codes. If this is done valuation can be done by
main asset no which shall include data for all sub-nos irrespective of its location.
However if no such setting is desired, same co code (i.e. ‘ABCD’ if configuring ABCD) must be assigned to the
company code being configured.
• Asset Classes [ DO NOT COMPLETE ]
o Generate asset classes from GL a/c’s
º Select APC [acquisition & prodn costs]
º Checking the APC indicator will generate an asset class
º Enter default a/c’s for all a/c determinations [825000]
o Specify A/c determination - suffix for VA [value adjustment] is 010. Hence if
Bldg = 2000, accum dep is 2010 [199990 clg asset acqui]
o Create screen layout rules - as porposed by system
o Define no ranges interval - as proposed by system [ AS08 ]
o Define asset classes - [ OAOA ]
o Specify COD dependent screen layout / account assignment
º Normally not reqd, unless you want these control specs to be country
specific i.e. COD dependent.
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Organizational Structure > Assets Classes
Generate Assets Classes from G/L accounts (1 to 1)
Here Asset classes are generated in a 1 to 1 relationship to G/L accounts. The system enters ‘Account
determinations’, ‘Screen layout rules’ and ‘Number ranges’ in the asset class as control parameters.
 Note: Carrying out this step is not mandatory. Generating Asset classes from G/L accounts is an
optional step and can be used to simplify the creation of asset classes.
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Post assets in G/L
real-time
No values are
posted in G/L
Only depr posted
in G/L
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
 Note: Alternatively, Asset classes can be defined or copied without the help of G/L accounts using
the step “Define asset classes”. Copying classes is useful for adding to Asset classes, already generated from
G/L accounts (using the current step). Additional account determinations, Screen layout controls and Number
ranges, in case of alternative method, can be defined in the section “Organizational Structures”.
SAP supplies example asset classes.
Activities:
A Wizard guides through the 7 different navigation steps. Asset classes are not generated until saved.
 Note: If a wizard is not run or any change is desired after it has run, next 4 IMG activities – ’specify
account determination’, ‘create screen layout rules’, ‘define number range intervals’ and ‘define asset classes’
– assumes importance.
(configuration in following steps are meant for Plant & Machinery)
Step 1 Enter chart of accounts and the chart of depreciation.
Step 2 Whole list of G/L accounts appear, out of which G/L accounts that are APC (Acquisition and Production
Costs) balance sheet accounts, i.e. Assets, are selected. SAP creates Assets classes (similar to the G/L
a/c no in description), for those G/L accounts that are selected as APC accounts. (as in 7
th
step, asset
class automatically appears)
Step 3 Enter G/L accounts for Expense-ordinary depreciation, and Asset retirements – revenue clearing, loss
or gain for all account determinations. (In a later step however, one can change these accounts for each
account determination).
Step 4 System asks for suffix for VA accounts (Value Adjustment i.e. depreciation accounts) ‘10’ will result in
acc deprn as 11010 for asset class 11000.
 Note: The system prepares an account determination and corresponding accumulated
depreciation for each APC account, with a description that is the same / similar to that of the given APC
account. (as shown in the 4
th
step i.e. suffix for VA accounts)
account determination 11000 (comes auto) G/L a/c is also 11000
accumulated depreciation 11010 (comes auto)
Step 5 A number range interval is defined for each APC account. And one can change the number range
intervals as needed:
• Change the limits of the number ranges.
• Specify whether the assignment of the main asset number should be external or internal.
01 000000010000 000000019999 external - ‘off’
 Note: SAP recommends internal number assignment. However, one can define the number range
intervals, for example, so that the first characters of the asset number agree with the first characters of
the APC account number.
Step 6 The system creates a screen layout control for each APC account.
Screen layout 1100
Note: When the APC account has a number that is at most 5 characters long, the system automatically
assigns the account number as the key for the screen layout control. If the account number has more than 5
characters, the 5-character key for the screen layout control has to be entered manually. Field groups for
optional entries can be entered in the asset class.
Step 7 The system creates an asset class with the same name as each APC account. Here the following
parameters are added to the asset classes:
• Asset Class 11000 (comes auto)
• Specify type of the asset class
0 without AuC / LVA / CLVA
1 asset under construction
2 low value asset
3 collective low value assets
• Specify the default depreciation key and the default useful life for each
depreciation area. You can add to this information for more depreciation areas in a later step.
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 Note: The function for generating asset classes can be used more than once. The system uses the
following logic when this function is used again:
• First, the system checks whether the company code is already in production status. If it is, then the system
creates, based on the selected G/L accounts selected, only asset classes, account determinations and so on that
were not yet created. Any existing asset classes are not changed; nor are they deleted and created again.
• If the company code is not yet in production, the system checks whether assets already exist for the
existing asset classes. If not, the system deletes the existing asset classes and generates them again.
• If assets do exist, the system checks if there are also transactions for the assets. If there are no
transactions, the following options are available:
→ Delete all asset classes and their assets, and generate them again
→ Only add new asset classes
→ If transactions exist for the assets, then you can only add new asset classes
Specify Account Determination
Account determination determines the ‘reconciliation account’ in G/L ledger i.e. the G/L account to which a
transaction for asset will be posted and also its off-setting entry.
 Note: An asset class must have one Account determination. Normally it bears resemblance with
the G/L account it refers to.
 Note: However an Account determination can be used by several asset class, if it uses the same
chart of accounts and is posted to the same G/L account.
Activity:
A name is given to the Account determination but no properties are given at this stage.
Acct determn for Plant & Machinery (Asset class) 11000 G/L a/c is also 11000
Screen Layout for Master Record
FSV are defined for ‘required’, ‘optional’ and ‘suppressed’ fields.
Activity:
A name is given to the screen layout but no properties are given at this stage.
Screen Layout for Plant & Machinery 1100
Define Number Range Interval
Here ‘main number’ range for Assets are defined. There is no separate range for sub-numbers, these can be
internally or externally assigned.
(same features as document no ranges, also see concepts stated in wizard stage)
Activity:
01 000000010000 000000019999 external - ‘off’
Define Asset Classes
If Asset classes were not generated earlier form G/L accounts, these can be defined here one by one.
Activity:
Define an Asset class 11000 Plant & Machinery (double click to get inside settings)
Important settings:
Account determination 11000
Screen layout 1100
Number Range 01
External sub-number ‘no’ SAP recommendation
ASSET A/C INTEGRATION WITH GENERAL LEDGER
• Define how dep areas are posted to GL
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All these variables as defined in earlier
steps now available for assignment
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
o 0 no values posted
o 1 post assets in GL realtime
o 2 post assets periodically to GL
o 3 only depreciation posted
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Integration with General Ledger
Define how depreciation areas post to General Ledger
Here G/L a/c posting indicator is set for each depreciation area defined. Parameters available are:
0 no values are posted in General Ledger
1 post assets in General Ledger real-time
2 post assets periodically in General Ledger
3 only depreciation posted in General Ledger
Activity:
Book Depreciation 1 post assets in General Ledger real-time
Tax Depreciation 0 no values are posted in General Ledger
Cost Accounting Depreciation 3 only depreciation posted in General Ledger
 Note: Book depreciation, earlier given parameter 1 i.e. post assets in General Ledger real-
time, cannot be changed here while other depreciation areas can be given some other parameter, if
desired.
• Assign GL a/c’s
o Choose an allocation – select COA, choose a/c allocation, select any one Acct Det
o Define acquisition/retirement a/c’s for COA [dbl click desc]
º Acquisition 11000 M/c & Equip
º Contra A/c for acq 191400 clg acqui
º Retirement Clg a/c 825000 Clg Asset Disp
º Gain 820000 Rev Asset Ret
º Loss 200000 Loss Asset Disp
º Loss w/o Rev 200000 “ “ “
o Define depreciation accounts for COA [dbl click desc]
º Ord Dep 11010 ADP M/c & Equip
º Exp A/c 211130 Dep M/c & Equip
Assign G/L Accounts
Here for each Account Determination defined earlier, G/L accounts are assigned for transactions relating to
acquisition/production, retirement, and profit/loss on disposal of assets for each depreciation area.
Activity:
Account Determination 11000
Define Acquisition & retirement accounts:
Depreciation area01 Book Depreciation double click to get inside settings
Assign G/L accounts for “Acquisition account assignment” and “Retirement account assignment”
Define Acquisition & retirement accounts:
Depreciation area01 Book Depreciation double click to get inside settings
Assign G/L accounts for “Ordinary depreciation account assignment” and “Unplanned depreciation account
assignment”
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
• Specify posting key for asset posting
o 70 DR 75 CR for asset posting
o 40 DR 50 CR for GL a/c posting
Specify posting keys for Asset posting
Here keys for asset posting in Asset register as well as G/L accounts are defined.
Note the settings:
Asset Management posting group ANL
Procedures (double click to set posting keys) dr cr
Additional accounts for asset accounting ANC 40 50
Asset posting ANL 70
75
G/L a/c posting from asset posting ANS 40 50
Change Field Status Variant of the Asset G/L accounts
Mainly standard settings (posting keys) and those which have already been defined earlier (assignment of
FSV to Company code). However changes required specific to asset accounts can be made here regarding
‘required’, ‘optional’ or ‘suppressed’ fields.
• Change FSV of the Asset GL a/c’s
o Change FSV for posting keys
º DR 40,70 must have reversal CR 50,75 for GL & Assets
• Assign input tax indicators for Non-Taxable Acquisitions : Input tax & Output Tax
[ OBCL ]
• Specify Fin Stat Version for Asset Reporting - specifies the key which identifies the
B/S & P&L version.
• Posting depreciation to general ledger
o Specify document types for posting of dep [AF]
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Integration with General Ledger > Post depreciation to General Ledger
Specify document type for posting of Depreciation
Define Document type: SAP has provided standard settings
AF Depreciation posting
Specify doc type for posting of depreciation: Assign AF to ABCD
o Specify intervals and posting rule [dbl click desc]
º Smoothen - remaining dep spread evenly
º Catchup - arrears of dep updated
º Monthly - period interval 001 i.e. no of periods between 2 dep runs
Specify Intervals and posting rules
Here intervals for depreciation posting is defined i.e. monthly, half-yearly or yearly for each depreciation
area. Selection should be made along with correct ‘period interval’ i.e. no. of periods between two
consecutive depreciation posting.
Activity: double click each depr area to set intervals
Depr area interval period bet interval (months)
01 Book Depreciation monthly 1
15 Tax Depreciation yearly 12
 Monthly calc is annual deprn / 12
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
 Note: One can also assign depreciation to cost centers, allow posting of imputed interest,
revaluation, etc in this IMG activity.
o Co account assignment
º Assign cost centers – for dep posting
º Post to internal order - as per asser master record
o Other posting settings
º Post interest - imputed interest in addition to depreciation
º Post revaluation - revaluation of APC [acquisition & prodn costs] & dep
[ [when planned life ends] i.e. dep after useful life
VALUATION
• Specify COD [ OAPL ]
• Depreciation areas
o Define depreciation areas - 01 Book Dep
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Valuation > Depreciation area
Define Depreciation areas and area type
SAP standard settings are available:
Depr area Area type
01 Book Depreciation 01 valuation for trade B/S
15 Tax Depreciation 03 valuation for tax B/S
20 Cost Acct Depreciation 07 cost account valuation
o Specify area types
º 01 Valuation for trade balance sheet
• Specify transfer of APC values / valuation adoption from another dep area. A dep area
can only adopt values from an area which has a smaller key than itself. Therefore no
transfer is possible to area 01. hierarchy is maintained i.e. 03 can adopt values from 01
and not vice versa.
Specify transfer of APC values
In SAP asset values of one depr area can be used by other areas.
SAP has defined 01 i.e. Book Depreciation area as standard for other depreciation area (all real depr areas)
i.e. all other areas derive their Asset B/S values (APC values) from depr area 01.
Only exceptions are – derived depr areas and areas for revaluation & investment support.
 Note: Some other depr area can be made ‘base depr area’ in this IMG activity.
 Note: ‘Ref area’ for 01 i.e. Book Depreciation area is ‘00’ and is not open to be changed.
• Specify transfer of depreciation terms [similar to transfer of APC values]
Specify transfer of Depreciation terms
Similar to above, depreciation terms (i.e. depreciation keys, useful life, etc) of one depr area can also be
used by other depr areas, and in such a case, one need not / cannot maintain depreciation terms other than
that of reference area in asset master record.
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
 Note: ‘Ref depr area’ must be smaller that the ‘dependent depr area’.
 Note: ‘Ref area’ for 01 i.e. Book Depreciation area is ‘00’ and is not open to be changed.
Any change in reference depr area will not automatically be updated in dependent depr area unless
“identical” is kept ‘on’.
• Determine Depreciation areas in the Asset Class
o Select asset class & depreciation area
o Depreciation key
o Use – useful life
o Per - useful life periods [if useful life = 7, periods = 6]
o Index - index series for replacement values
o Layout - screen layout
Determine Depreciation Area in Asset Class
Generally, the assets in an asset class use the same depreciation terms (depreciation key, useful life).
Therefore, you do not have to maintain the depreciation terms in the asset master record. Instead, they can
be default values from the asset class.
SAP normally comes with standard settings for country specific requirements.
Note the settings:
Asset Class 11000 Plant & Machinery
Depr Area 01 Book Depreciation
Ch of Depr only off if this is ‘on’, new assets can’t be created in this class.
negative value off
LVA check 0 no maximum amount check
1 value based maximum amount check
2 quantity based maximum amount check
Minimum / Maximum life assets with min life below this level are not allowed in
this asset class
Life period (wherever used) no. of months in case of fractional life
Depreciation key DG30
Useful Life years over which assets under this class are to be
depreciated
 Note: ‘Useful Life’ is a mandatory field (irrespective of FSVs) except when depreciation
key is 0000. SAP needs it to calculate depreciation. However if some depreciation method is used
which is independent of the useful life, one can put very high value say, 100 years in this field.
• LVA check - 0 no max amount check
o 1 value based max amount check
o 2 check max amount with quantity
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Valuation > Amount specification (Company code / Depreciation area)
Specify maximum amount for low-value assets
Specify LVA classes: Here each Asset Class is assigned a LVA parameter.
Note the settings:
0 no maximum amount check
1 individual management i.e. SAP checks value of each asset in this class for max LVA
2 collective management i.e. several LVA assets are grouped and compared with the max LVA
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amount
Specify amount for LVA: Maximum amount for LVA is defined for each depreciation area.
• Amount specifications [value based check]
o Specify max amount for LVA & asset class
o Specify rounding off of Net Book Value & Dep - net book value at year end
rounded off to whole
o Specify changeover amount – for changeover to the key defined in the dep key
o Specify memo value for Dep areas - a value exists even though the planned
expected useful life has already been exceeded
• Fiscal year
o FYV - specify other version on Dep area level. Reqd only in exceptional
situations
• Shortened Fiscal Years -Define reduction rules for shortened FY for ordinary & spl dep,
interest & revaluation, because in a shortened FY, it is generally necessary to reduce dep
in proportion to the reduction in the length of the fiscal year. [Maintain Dep Key – refer
DEP/Val Methods/Dep Key]
• Use of half months in the co code - mid month - date which specifies the middle of a
period i.e. 15 days
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Valuation > Fiscal Year
Use of half months in Company Code
Using this function, one can calculate depreciation in these company codes on the basis of half months or
half periods.
Half months can only be used with calendar fiscal year versions.
Define weighting of periods
This options can be used in case of seasonal industry, where assets are only used for part of an year and
hence depreciation needs to be accounted for in those active period only, for financial statements to reflect
true operational performance. Depreciation is still taken for whole year, only it is weighted in active months
only.
This option is mainly exercised for management analysis purposes and not for statutory compliance
purposes.
• Define weighting of periods
o Specify areas for individual period weighting - indicator can be set for
UNEQUAL depreciation, a requirement in seasonal industries.
o Weight periods in FY version - choose a FY
o Period - after which dep is calculated or incase of retirement, upto which dep is
calculated
o WT prop - weight proportion - normally for all periods dep is equal, but if a
value is entered for this period dep = relative wt / total weights
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• Currencies
o Define dep areas for foreign currencies
o Specify the use of parallel currencies - 10 = co code currency
• Group Assets
o Specify dep areas for group assets - indicator for managing group assets
o Specify asset classes for group assets - indicator – class entirely consists of
group assets
• Go to SAP menu
o Create a vendor FK01 - remember to complete reco a/c’s [next scr]
o Create an asset – sap/ac/fa/fixed assets/asset/create AS01 [AW01N - asset
explorer]
º AS01 - asset class
º General - description, sr no, qty
º Time dependent - leave blank
º Allocation - evaluation [components]
• Integration of assets & equipment
o Equipment no - part of a big asset, made up of smaller
assets
º Origin – country, vendor etc
º Leasing – type, base value, lease payments
º Dep areas - dep key, useful life, periods, op dep start – date if not no dep
calc
o SAP/Fixed assets/postings/acquisitions
º External acquisitions
• F-90 with vendor
o Posting key 31 CR vendor 70 DR asset
o Tran type for 70 is 100 ext asset acquisition
• F-91 clearing offsetting entry - for clearing payment to vendor
[after entering asset entries as above, enter the bank entry &
process open items][It is advisable to enter 50, 113100 & save the
asset first before bank entry, so that an open item appears for the
vendor. If not previous open items must exist to process the bank
entry.]
• ABZON - acquisition with automatic offsetting entry [could be
used for uploading asset w/out vendor][MULTIPLE ASSETS
ALSO POSSIBLE. The asset must have been created, and no
vendor/taxes will be calculated. Provision for existing/new asset.
Business area entry essential if defined]
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FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
DEPRECIATION
• Ordinary Depreciation
o Determine dep areas - values should be –ve or 0
o Assign a/c’s - choose a/c allocation & a/c determination
o Define unit of prodn [UOP]
º STCK default UOP - total units are for the whole year.
º Period unit - units produced in a period – month. For more than 1 year,
define units for all the years. Based on the useful life, dep/yr is calculated
& then broken up in a year based on UOP.
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Depreciation > Ordinary Depreciation
Determine depreciation areas
Here depreciation areas are selected for ordinary depreciation. Also +ve or –ve sign is allowed for each
depreciation area. In normal procedure, ordinary depreciation is selected with “negative and zero values
allowed” (double click depr area).
Assign G/L Accounts
In this step, G/L accounts are defined for Chart of Accounts / Account determination (Asset Class) /
Depreciation area.
G/L a/c for Accumulated depreciation (B/S)
G/L a/c for Depreciation expense (P&L a/c)
Define Unit of Production Depreciation
If useful life of any asset is more dependent on the no. of units produced, depreciation can be calculated
based on no. of units produced in each FY, if total no. units is defined in this activity for the asset concerned.
• Valuation Methods
o Dep key - calculation methods
º Define base methods [normally 0008]
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• Reduce useful life at FY end
• Dep with curb NO [if yes, after useful life of 10 years, 11=1/11,
12=1/12 etc]
• For multilevel base method choose EXPLICIT [0012] method.
After changing key, remember to activate. In AW01N to see dep of
2
nd
year “comparisons”.
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Depreciation > Valuation Methods > Depreciation Key > Calculation
Method
Define Base Methods
SAP standards (0001 – 0031) are available and sufficient to be used. Normally, 0008 is used.
Settings (0008 - % from remaining life calculated from depr conversion date) :
Reduce useful life at FY end ‘off’ if ‘on’, system reduces useful life so that it
always coincides with the end of Fiscal Year
Treatment of end of depreciation
Depr after planned life end ‘yes’ continue depr even after end of useful life
Depr below NBValue zero ‘no’ if ‘on’, continue depr even after NBV is zero
Curb ‘no’ if ‘on’, depr is calculated at rate 1/extended
life for each extended year after the useful life
has expired, else at the same rate i.e. 1/useful
life.
Can only be selected if ‘depr after plnd life’ is
on.
Note: For multilevel base method choose EXPLICIT [0012] method, so that the system does not
calculate depr, and therefore no errors. After changing key, remember to activate. In AW01N to see depr
of 2
nd
year “comparisons”.
º Define declining bal methods
• Declining factor – dep % resulting from useful life etc X factor for
DB dep The multiplication factor is used in determining the
depreciation percentage rate for declining-balance depreciation.
The system multiplies the depreciation percentage rate resulting
from the total useful life by this factor.
• Max % age - will override factor above
• Min % age - keep as 0
Define Declining Balance method
settings:
method declining factor maximum % minimum %
001 say, ‘x’ 25 0
º Define max amount - specify max amounts
º Define multi level methods – validity start options
1 From capitalization date
2 From ord dep start date E
3 From spl dep start date
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System uses the factor defined here
to calculate declining balance dep
rate. However if max rate is defined,
this factor is ignored by the system
Normally
kept zero
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
4 From orig acqui date of AuC
5 From changeover year
• Select levels
• Acqui year - upto which valid
• Year - no of years 2,5 [i.e. 1
st
2 them 3]
• Per - validity periods in cal months
• Rem Life - leave blank. Set this indicator to determine the
periodic dep %age, based on the remaining life.
• Reduct - reduction of base value by an entered %age rate
• Dep by fiscal year = Yes [if checked]
• For every level/phase, there should be a changeover method/phase that
is relevant. To change useful life USE AS02
• Phases e.g 004 ¬ 10.000/5.000/2.500 as 1/2/3 below
1. From start of dep
2. Changeover within planned life
3. Changeover after end of useful life
Change methods - change method to a different phase
• 0 - no auto changeover
• 1 - C/o when SLD high
• 5 - C/o at end of useful life
changeover %age rate - %age of acquisition value at which system
changes the calc of dep
• Maintain Period control methods
o Acq – period control used for acquiring transactions in year of
capitalization.
o Add - period control for additions or subsequent transactions
o Ret - retirement
o Trn - transfer postings
o Values
º 01 Pro rata start date
º 02 Pro rata upto mid period
º 03 Pro rata at mid period
º 04 First yr half dep value
º 05 Year start date [Austria]
º 06 At start of year
º 07 at mid year
º 08 at end of year
Maintain dep key
º Select dep key and go to assignments of calculation methods. DG30 -
VWDV thru copy [activate]
• Assignment of calculation methods [left]
• Phases - Phase - the duration of dep is divided into different
phases
º 1 from start of dep
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º 2 changeover within planned life
º 3 changeover after end of useful life
• Base method of calculating dep
º 1 0007 ord % after end of life
º 2 0011 ord % from useful life
º 3 0017 ord imm dep after end of life
• Decl method of calculating dep
º 1 004 3.0/30%/0%
º 2 001 0/0/0
º 3 001 0/0/0
• Prd cont period control
º 1 002 04/06/02/02
º 2 003 01/06/02/02
º 3 003 01/06/02/02
• Multi level method
º 1 002 0%
º 2 001 0%
º 3 003 APC any life
• Change method - changeover to a different phase when SL dep is
high, when net book value reaches a particular level
º 1 1 c/over when SL dep is hich
º 2 5 c/over after end of useful life
º 3 -
Period control
º Maintain Period control
• Enter & select – individual period version will be E in pro rata at period
start date
º Define calender assignments - specify period
º Define time dependent period controls
• Define dep keys with T/D period control
o Assign T/D period control to dep keys. Select co code & enter valid upto,
period control key for acq, addl acq, retirement & transfer
º Generate period controls
o Enter FYV & calender yr & generate.
Integration AA with PM - plant maintenance
• Master data
o Automatic creation of equipment master records
o Specify conditions for synchronization of master data - you specify for asset
class, whether auto equipment records [PM] be created, & whether both get
updated simultaneously.
Transactions
• Acquisitions
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o Define transaction types for acquisitions
• Define transaction types for acquisitions
• Limit TT [displayed] to dep areas
o Define A/c assignment category for Asset PO
o Specify asset class for clearing asset from PO
o Assign A/c’s
o Allow downpayment TT in asset class
o Define validations
• Retirements
o For taxes create ET [exempted tax], update GL thru FS00 to accept all taxes. The
a/c’s are at assign a/c’s above. Tax will then not be calculated at retirement.
o Gain / Loss Posting - if gain/loss posting is on, an asset has to be created to hold
such gain/loss. If it is kept off, it goes to the GL a/c
• IMG/FA/AA/Trans/Retirements/Define TT for Retirement
• Select TT, details & gain/loss  [off]
o Assign a/c’s - where a/c’s are assigned for gain/loss, the same are posted to the
GL & not kept in the asset concerned.
SAP/A/c/FA/Fixed Assets
• Posting
o Acquisitions
º F-90 with vendor
º F-91 clearing offsetting entry
º ABZON acq/with auto offsetting entry. [new asset, master data]
o Retirement with revenue
º F-92 with customer [01 DR select customer TT 260
º Posting key 50 CR a/c 825000 TT 260 ]
º Click asset retirement curr yr Ret & enter on screen to go to next screen,
complete asset no & enter text. Header doc display for a/c entries
º ABAON asset sale w/o customer
o Asset
º AS01 create Asset
º AW01N explorer to check posting in Dep posted / planned [green button
posted period]
º S_ALR_87012347 doc extract to check entries
º ABST a/c reco for AA/GL diff
º Info system for asset balances
• SAP periodic processing
o SCMA schedule manager
º Create a task list [top header/tasklist/create]
• Enter name of task
• Enter desc, calender etc & save
• Tasklist appears in the tasklist
º Change task list [top]
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• Right click on task list
• Create task
o Enter desc, program/transaction, start time etc
º Select task & execute IN BACKGROUND [TOP HEADER]
• Enter output device [LP01], title & enter
• Click immediate & save
• Background job is scheduled
• System/Services/jJobOverview/execute [sm37]
• Click jobname & view spool [xxx]
º Depreciation Run { Depreciation run is supposed to generate a session, because batch input in E
ON in document type AF [dep posting]. If it is set off, the posting will take place. Keep the spool on which
comes up by default, and view the spool through own spool requests. No need for any special params. Go by
defaults. }
º AFAB execute - has to be executed period by period
º Choose period, go top program & execute in background F9
º LP01
º Enter AUTHORISATION [ USER ]
º Click immediate
º Save [RABUCH00_FIU]
º System/Services/jJobOverview/execute [SM37]
º System/Services/Batch input/sessions/process.
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ASSET DATA TRANSFER
Legacy Data Transfer Using Microsoft XL
Along with the Data Transfer Workbench, the SAP R/3 Asset Accounting component also offers the option of
transferring legacy asset data using Microsoft Excel. This method is especially suited for transferring small 
datasets, such as a few hundred fixed assets. The amount of data you can transfer using this method is limited by the
maximum number of rows in your Excel version.
PREREQUISITES
The first step is to load or manually enter the legacy asset data and values from your legacy system into
an Excel sheet. The data transferred to the R/3 System has to be in a specified form. In order to ensure
that the data transfer is carried out correctly, you should adhere to the following guidelines when creating
the Excel sheet:
SAP recommends that you set the Standard Excel format for the entire document before
you enter any data. Dates, however, can also be entered using the Custom Excel format.
The Excel spreadsheet consists of two parts (see the example below).
• In the header (blue in the example), you specify the type of data you want to transfer for your assets, for
example, the company code, description, and so on.
• In the asset section you enter the individual assets and their values.
The Excel worksheet has to contain cells for the legacy asset number, company code, asset class and
capitalization date, and values have to be supplied in these cells for each asset. The same applies for any
required entry fields that are defined in the asset class in the R/3 System.
You might want to prepare for the data transfer, although the organizational structures of
your enterprise have not yet been specified (for example, the description of a company
code is not decided). In this case, you enter variables for the missing information, for
example, company code XXXX. Before carrying out the data transfer, you can then use
the Replace function in Excel to replace the variable with the correct value.
HEADER
In the header, you first specify the field descriptions to be transferred. The first 5 rows in the Excel
worksheet are reserved for this header information. You are not allowed to use them for asset master
data or asset values.
The fields are organized in record types. Enter these record types in the first column of the worksheet.
The next columns should contain the field descriptions assigned to these record types. SAP recommends
the following structure:
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USE OF RECORD TYPES
Record
type
Used for… Is assigned to tab page during field
assignment (see below) …
0 Identifier (legacy asset number); record type 0 is
reserved solely for the number of the asset from the
legacy system, and is not allowed to be used for any
other purpose. The system needs the identifier if
there are errors, in order to assign them to the correct
assets.
Header data
1 Asset master data, general data and inventory data Header data
2 Posting information, time-dependent data Time-dependent data to Leasing
3 Depreciation areas, cumulative values, posted values Depreciation areas, cumulative values,
posted values
4 Transactions Transactions

If you do not need certain record types (for example, record type 4), then you can omit
them when creating your Excel worksheet.
ASSET SECTION
Enter the asset values below the header data. You have to enter the asset data in the Excel worksheet so
that it corresponds to the structure of the field descriptions in the header.
For example, you specify in the header for record type 1 that the company code is in
column B and the asset class is in column C.
The system then recognizes the field contents of all fields of record type 1 in column B as
company codes and in column C as asset classes.
Therefore, you have to make sure that for each asset, which is in a row specified as
record type 1, that its company code is always in column B and its asset class in column
C.
Fields that have leading zeroes in the R/3 System (for example, company code 0001), have to have
leading zeroes in this format. Always enter the asset class with 8 places and leading zeroes (for example,
00001000).
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EXAMPLE OF STRUCTURE OF XL WKS
In record type 3 (depreciation area data) always supply the depreciation area name (such as 01) first.
In record type 4 (transactions) you have to enter the sequential number and the depreciation area in the
first two fields. The sequential number is used to keep different transactions separate from one another.
REPRESENTING TRANSACTIONS

Record type Seq. number Area Transaction
Type
Amount Posting date
4 1 01 100 5000 01.01.97
4 1 02 100 4900 01.01.97
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4 2 01 100 1000 01.01.97
Features
Field Assignment between XL & R/3 [ Mapping ]
In the R/3 System, you assign the field descriptions of the Excel worksheet cells to fields in R/3 (for
example, CoCd to company code). In the initial screen of the transaction, you choose whether you want
to use an already existing field assignment or if you want to create a new one. To choose an existing field
assignment, select the one you want and choose Start with field assignment. To create a new field
assignment, choose Create field assignment.
Some Excel versions issue a message at this point in a dialog box. The message states
that there is a large amount of data in stored temporarily, and asks if you want this data
to be available to other applications. Choose No.
You make the field assignment by selecting a row in the Fields of file table and selecting its corresponding
field on the Fields of asset master record tab pages, and then choosing the Assign pushbutton. The
system does not check if the assignment is logical. However, you can assign each field to exactly one
other field. Certain assignments are mandatory. You have to assign the old asset number (from the
legacy system). In addition, you have to assign the asset class, company code, capitalization date, and
any required entry fields (see above) in the R/3 System.
The system lists only those field descriptions that are defined in the header section of the Excel sheet.
These are sorted according to their record type (0, 1, 2 and so on). The asset master data fields that can
be completed in the R/3 System are split up on various tab pages. See the Use of Record Types table
(above) for the valid assignments.
Before the data transfer, the system displays a dialog box, in which it asks if the field assignment should
be saved. However, you can also still save the field assignment after the data transfer (Saved
assignments pushbutton). In this way, you can carry out a number of data transfers that always follow the
same pattern. You thereby only have to carry out the mapping and conversion once. It is saved in your
saved field assignment and can be used again in the future.
In the Excel sheet in the above graphic, the assignment of header in f ormation to table
field in the R/3 System would look like this:
Comp Code – company code
Asset Class – asset class
Tr Type – transaction type, and so on
SETTING THE DATE FORMAT
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Choose Settings Date format to specify whether the date uses American format (MM/DD/YY or
MM/DD/YYYY), ISO format (YYYY-MM-DD), European format (DD.MM.YY or DD.MM.YYYY), or SAP
format (YYYYMMDD). Dates in your Excel sheet have to have the same format.
TRANSFER OF FIXED ASSETS
During a test run (choose Test run ) the system lists any errors that occur, without actually starting the
legacy data transfer.
During a production run (choose Assets ) the system creates new assets using the values from the
Excel worksheet. It supplies values to their fields based on the assignments you made. To display master
records of assets that were created successfully, choose Details of return message .
Any incomplete or incorrect data that could not be used to create assets can be displayed in a separate
Excel worksheet (choose Export errors to file).
ACTIVITIES
Start the legacy data transfer program in Customizing for Asset Accounting. Choose Asset Data Transfer
Legacy Data Transfer Using Microsoft Excel  .
Legacy data transfer using Microsoft Excel. TC – AS100
• You must have the legacy data in an Xl file.
• The cols after that have to be matched to SAP like CO Code etc.
• When all the SAP fields are matched you can upload.
• Legacy data cols will have to be changed to be recognizable by SAP.
• Alternatively you can use BDC.
[some tips] – convert all cells to text.
Asset Data Transfer
Set Co Code Status 2 i.e. test co with data transfer allowed.
Specify Sequence of Dep Areas - 01 must be first.
Date Specifications / Last Closed Fiscal Year – must be followed for Asset data upload in
Capitalisation date [seq 2], o/wise date errors. Thereafter an asset can be uploaded backdated,
also ensure PP is open.
The INPUTS can be reduced, so that assignment is easier like
0 no change
1 no change, QTY & UOM can be added
2 blank cctr, plant, mfg, loca
3 blank cumul apc, cumul dep
4 DOES NOT WORK
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Legacy Asset No Identification Feature
Dep Area Real Dep Area
Dep Key Depreciation Key
Dep Start Dep Calc Start Date
ULin Period Planned useful life in periods
Use Life Planned useful life in years
Real Area Real Dep Area
Current Sequence No of Asset Line
Items in Fiscal Year
Value Date Reference Date
FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling
Controlling
[ OB13 ]
MAINTAIN CONTROLLING AREA
• IMG/ES/Definition/Controlling [ OX06 / OK19 ]
o Maintain CO area [ OKKP ] -
º IMG/CO/General CO/Organisation
º Create new entry & then copy. DO NOT COPY COA. Creating new allows you to use your COA instead of
INT.
º Enter CO area
º CO area same as co code
º Curr type 10
º Currency INR
º Cur & val profile BLANK
o the CO area is the highest level in which you can create reports, since master data
& COA are stored here. That is why, once a COA is stored it cannot be changed.
Therefore, do not copy CO area before creating GL a/c’s [first create thru
maintain CO area and then copy, otherwise you will have to make do with INT
COA]. When you assign all co codes to one CO area, you need to ensure that all
the co codes have the same no of posting periods [FY variants], and the same
COA. However the co codes can have different currencies. [cost center hierarchy /
select & activate components [left]. At the bottom there is an option for variances,
which must be checked E otherwise variances will not be calculated.This option
is in General Controlling]
o Copy delete check CO area [ through structure, templates ]
o Maintain CO area - select & details [to change CO area OKKS][when you
activate components/control indicators, you cannot activate ProfitAnalysis, unless
you create operating concern]
• Assignment
o Assign co code to CO area [ OB62 ]
• IMG/CO/General CO/ [ OKKP ]
o Organisation : The definition of the organizational unit is one of the most
important activities when introducing the SAP system. According to the
complexity of your organizational structure & the components with which you
work, you must first analyse the outcome that determining organizational units
has on the other SAP components. The complete representation of a complex
organizational structure should first be discussed with a consultant.
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o Maintain CO area/No ranges/Versions : In other settings there is a cost center
hierarchy. If the hierarchy is not created, create it here. Enter Std Hier name, and
the system will create it. [cost center hierarchy / select & activate components
[left]. Keep Profit Center OFF. At the bottom there is an option for variances,
which must be checked E otherwise variances will not be calculated]. TO
MAINTAIN NO RANGES [ KANK ]
COST ELEMENT ACCOUNTING
[create a CCTR first] [ KS01 ] [ Change CO Area – OKKS ]
There are 4 types of cost elements
1. Primary - must be a GL a/c
2. Secondary - can be User defined
3. Direct Posting
4. Indirect Posting
• Master Data
o Create cost element [800000 & 893010]
º Create primary cost element - screens + [ KA01 ]
º Basic Data :
• C Ele Cat 11 Revenue
• Attribute [n/a] FMW Fixed / Material
• FP Fixed / HR
• FPW Fixed / HR/ Effective Payment
º Indicators
• Record quantity 
• UOM EA
º Default AA cost center - select [ if necessary create a C Ctr first from
IMG/CO/CCA/Master Data/Cost Centers]
º History
o Secondary Cost Element - [ KA06 ]
• C Ele Cat 43 internal activity allocation / use 42 for Asst.
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COST CENTER ACCOUNTING
• Activate Cost Center A/cing in CO area
o Select co & activate components [left] [screen similar to CO area , versions etc]
• SAP/Ac/CO/CCA
o Master data/ Standard Hierarchy [OKKS to change CO area]
º OKEON change - - [enter]
• Right click on Std Hierarchy & create groups
• Create cost centers
• Save
• Activate
• Save
• Planning
o KP04 select planner profile [use SAPEASY a simple profile, and copy so that
defaults can be entered] Use F4 then create new, skip & dbl click CCA &
following menu appears.
o IMG/CO/CCA/Planning/Manual Planning/Define UD Planner Profiles - better to
copy from an existing one as detailed above
o Select & left
º General CO
• CuDK currency dist key 1=equal 3=dist by %age
• QtDk quantity dist key
º Layouts for CO
• Deflt Default params
• Overw params can be overwritten
• Integrated XL planning with XL as frontend
• File description
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• Select & enter default params
• Version 0 from 1 to period 12
• Fiscal year 2004
• Form based [in form based, all elements are depicted, and you can
choose. In free you decide]
• Assign button top
• Cost & Activity Input
o KP06 change KP07 display
o Enter & variables & top left overview - you can enter data like direct
production cost 416100, 417001. [overview screen will not open unless 800000
& 893010 have been defined as cost elements & cost center details entered in the
cost element].
o Top left butt gives 12 period dist
o Top left 2
nd
butt , back for totals & save
o Using KP04 before KP06, gets the version, from to periods etc by default. Enter *
at cost center & cost element to go to the next screen.
o Ensure that both plan & actual data are in the same year [especially if it is a
calender year and the cost center exists as on that date ]
o Earlier plan amounts were entered. To enter actual figures, create AAM thru
FKMT equivalence type i.e. specify %ages, so that later amounts can be
distributed auto. Use F-02 [FB50 requires complex posting to bring up AAM],
clear tax problems if any
o On saving for question “Edit all items” enter screen by screen
o Enter text where reqd
o Bank value date
o TT 50 for total amount
o S_ALR_87013611 for comparisions [ from to period will give plan data for the
whole year. For meaningful comparisions, ensure period is relevant]
• Redistribution IMG/CO/CCA/Act Posting/PE Closing/Distribution
o Define distribution [okks – set CO area]
º Create actual dist [ KSV1 ]
º Cycle any name
º Starting date - type text
º Top left button, attach segment [details of cost centers], segment name any
& screens
º Segment header 40% to redistribute [ receiver tracing factor – use fixed
%age , variable portion gives errors.]
º Sender receiver - sending cost center to receiving cost center
º Sender values
º Receiver tracing factor [ 100 % ]
o KSV5 for distribution i.e. redistribution [SAP/CO/CCA/PE Closing/Single
Function/Allocation]
o S_ALR_87013611 to view
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• Assessment IMG/CO/CCA/ActPosting/Period end closing/Assessment [allocation to, but
for a secondary CCtr. For primary use distribution]
o Specify receiver types for assessment
o Create assessment cost elements [cafe, material03] [ KA06 ]
º Top left master data ¬ screens
• Basic data - cost element category - assessment 42
• Indicators
• Default A Assig USER1 CCtr becomes a sender
o Define allocation structures [ KSES ] { not required }
º New entries
º Assignment [create new]
• Source from Cele to Cele
º Assessment cost element
• New entries CAFETERIA [F4]
º Settlement cost elements
• Receiver category CTR
• By cost element E
o Maintain assessment
º Create actual assessment / change [ KSU1 ]
• Cycle UD bpacyc
o Iterative
o Attach segment
º Segment UD bpclasgeg screens +
º Segment header
• Assessment C Ele CAFE
• Allocation stru VA [ enter either CEle/VA
but not both ]
• Receiver rule Fixed %ages
º Sender / receiver
• Cost center from to
• Cost ele from to
º Receiver cost center from to
º Sender values
• Share in % 50 etc
• Act Vals E Plan Vals E
º Receiver tracing factor - cost ctr USER2 enter
%ages [for all receivers]
o SAP/CO/CCA/PE Closing/Single Function/Allocation
º KSU5 assessment  [F8]
º S_ALR_87013611 to view
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INTERNAL ORDERS
IMG/CO/IO
• Activate order management in CO area
o Select & left
º Activate components / control indicators
º Assignment of co codes
• Order master data
o Define order types
º Order cat 01 internal order[CO] screen +
• Order type UD [MKTG]
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• Settlement profile 20 internal [ use settle to CCTR with orig CEle
]
• Plan profile - general [Obj Class Inv for Assets]
• Functional area [like SD,MM etc] 
• Business area [for consolidation]
• Archiving time 3 months [removes data from actual DB & stores
offline for better space management]
• Co partner active will produce a total record 
• Control indic Classi, Commit Mgmt, Revenue Postings on.
• Status profile : Release status will allow posting to cost center [no
need to release later on]
• Order layout 0030 or blank.
• Print form 
• Save [no range not maintained error message is OK]
º Maintain no ranges for orders [the following applies to No ranges for
settlements also]
• Click groups [top button - maintain]
• The internal order created earlier is unassigned
o Position cursor on I/o
o Click on top button right [select]
o Position cursor on target group [prodn]
o Click on top center button [element group]
• The unassigned I/o will be assigned
• IMG/CO/IO/ActualPostings/Settlement
o Maintain no ranges for settlement documents
o Maintain settlement cost elements
º Create primary settlement cost element [Create 500000 CElem cat 22 ext sett for
Assets.]
º Change Primary/Secondary settlement cost element
º Create secondary settlement cost element + screens
• Basic data
o C Ele Cat 21 Settlement
o Default AcAssign Cost Ctr HPCLCOSTS
º Maintain allocation structures VA
• Assignments [select VA/ 00 & click assignments]
o Source 400000 – 650300 [separate for Asset]
o Assessment cost elements SETUP
o Settlement cost elements
º Receiver category CostCtr [FXA for Assets]
º By cost element O [leave blank]
º Settlement cost element IORCOELE [IO cost ele]
[secondary cost element defined above] [ 500000 for
Assets i.e. with 22 ]
º Maintain source structure 7
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• Select & top left
o Assignments - select 70 & left
o Source [new entry] separate for Asset]
o Cost element from to [group leave blank]
º Maintain Settlement Profiles
º Enter Alloc & Source Stru with default obj type FXA for Assets & valid
receiver CCTR/Fixed Asset reqd/ GL optional.
• SAP/Ac/CO/IO/Master Data/Special Functions/Order
o KO01 create Type 0722
º Co code BPCL plant BPPL
º Obj class overhead
º Release [right button][will not come if release immediately selected
earlier]
º Settlement rule [top][w/out which IO will not work]
• Cost CTR, Receiver DIRPRCOST, %age ---- Sett Type FUL
• From 1/2003 to 4/2003 etc LEAVE BLANK
º Top header Goto settlement params [F8]
• Allocation structures VA / 00
• PA trf structure [profitability analysis][FI - Direct a/c assig
FI/MM] N/a
• Source Stru. Use 7 [enter Asset value date ]
• Save - [order no created]
• IO/Planning/Cost & Activity Inputs Planner profile ZSAPEASY
o KPF6 change [use form based]
o Enter plan data & save
o Enter actual values F-02 & GL item fast entry [top butt] for I/Orders. Mention I/o
for all 40, but not for 50.
o Clear tax probs if any, bank value date, enter text etc.
o Save document
o S_ALR_87012993 to view
• SAP/Ac/CO/PE Closing/SingleFunction/Settlement
o KO88 settlement
o IO no last created comes up by default [enter asset value date]
o Enter settlement period [004 for 4] and posting period as relevant.
o  [F8] [ AW01N to see Asset ]
o View cost center comparision - S_ALR_87013611 [as after settlement, amount
must go to C Ctr]
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ACTIVITY BASED COSTING
• IMG/CO/ABC - there should be a CO area & a cost ctr existing
• Activate ABC in CO area
o Activate components - ABC components active for analytical & integrated
calculation
o Assignment of co codes
• Maintain Std Hierarchy for CO area - assign std hierarchy defined under master
data/business process [ enter the Std Hier defined in Co Area ]
• Master Data / Bus Processes - Maintain std hierarchy of Bus process [like CCtr] right
click & create Bus Proc. [ CPH4N ] [ enter only basic data ]
• Templates / maintain templates [ not required ]
o Create template - activation conditions [active]
o Change template
o Display template
o Environment BPP [bus planning process]
o Object type Cost element
o Object template
• Assign templates for Bus Process [packing etc] screens + [ not reqd ]
o Basic data
o Organization
o Attributes
o Allocation
o Templates
o History
• Planning / maintain versions
o Create authorization groups for versions
o Maintain settings of version in controlling area
º Settings by fiscal year [integrated planning on for FY 2005]
º Version 0, plan E Act E Legal Valuation
º WIP/RA E Variance E
º Auth group, ref version n/a
• SAP/Ac/CO/ABC/Planning
o KP04 set planner profile [SAPALL] [ use ZSAPALL 1-D01 with CEle ]
o F4, create new, skip, dbl click ABC &
o IMG/CO/ABC/Planning/Manual Planning/Def UD Plan Profiles - copy
SAPALL ¬ ZPCLABC & enter defaults
o Select & left
• Cost / Activity/Process/Inputs
o CP06 change - bus processes with cost elements as GL a/c’s & top left overview
o Enter plan fixed / variable costs & dist key 1 [equal dist]
• S_ALR_87011760 plan / actual comparison
• FB50 actual postings - enter bus process in screen [ use screen variant from top header
edit ]
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• S_ALR_87011761 plan/actual costs - to check variances
• You can also use Dist/Asst under ABC/PEClos/Dist etc.
PROFIT CENTER ACCOUNTING
[OMSY to open Fin Year]
• IMG/CO/PCA
o Basic settings
º Set controlling area
o Controlling area settings
º Maintain CO area settings - field for dummy P Ctr wil be blank, but as
soon it is defined, it should be displayed
º Std hierarchy as per your CO area.
º Elimination of duplication / Int Bus Vol  [keep off]
º Local currency
º P Ctr currency
º Legal Valuation
º Control Indicator [active]
o Master data / profit center
º Maintain P Ctr groups. After creating the group, go back to maintain CO
area setting and put the group in the tree, o/w P Ctr will not accept the
group, and you will have to make do with the hierarchy.
º Create dummy P Ctr
º Maintain profit center [under group created] screens´
• Basic data
• Indicators
• Co codes
o PCA/Basic settings/CO area settings
º Activate direct postings - set control param for actual data - new entries
- line / online E
º Plan versions
• Maintain plan version
o Plan version 0
o Settings for P Ctr
o New entries
o Online E line item E TP0 [transfer price]
o Exch rate type “M”
• Adjust line items [no action]
º Analyse settings
º Update basic settings - check all correct ?
o MM01 create material
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º Costing 1 scr profit center - enter with Qty structure E & no costing
off  .
º Costing 2 - Planned price & dates
o IMG/CO/PCA/Assignment to profit centers
º Check assignment
• Top – assignment monitor IKE4
• Material [ensure job is run etc]
• Assigned materials - material created assigned to P Ctr
o MB1C - initial stock [do not copy/assign WH as it creates a problem in MB1C]
o VOK0 - pricing for new material if reqd
o VA01 - sales order
o VL01N - pick & post goods issue
o VF01 - Billing
o FB15, FD10N, FD11 to view
o VF02 - A/cing documents
o IMG/CO/CEA/MD/CE
º Create cost elements WRT 800000 & 893010 for them to appear in PCS
reports
o PCA/Transfer Prices
º Basic settings for Pricing n/a
• Condition types
• Pricing procedures
• Transfer price variants
º Advanced settings for pricing n/a
• Define price dependencies
• Define access sequences
• Define condition exckusions for groups
• Define pricing reports
º Profit planning
• Define permitted a/c’s [to appear in PCA]
• 800000 sales
• 893010 cost of sales
º Actual postings
• Maintain automatic a/c assignment
• C/E 800000 PC BPTRANS Mandatory 3
• Can also enter 893010 with CCTR.
o SAP/CO/PCA/Planning
º 7KEP set planner profile zSAP800 [ Layout 8A-101 ] PC groups
[centralized]
o SAP/CO/PCA/Planning/Costs/Revenues
º 7KE1 change
º 7KE2 display
º Version 0 1-12 2003 2005
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º Co code Pc Gr A/c etc
º Overview [enter] -
º PCtr, Amount, Dist, INR etc
º Enter costs/revenues - equal dist etc [ cr –ve for 800000 & 893010 for
cop etc ]
o Since sales are booked thru VF01, after entering plan amounts, variances can be
viewed thru SAP/CO/PCA/InfoSystems/ReportsForPca/InteractiveReporting
S_ALR_87013326
PROFITABLILTY ANALYSIS
There are 2 types of profitability analysis : Costing based & Account Based [see end]
• IMG/CO/PA/Structure/DefineOpConcern
o Manitain Op Concern - Screens ´
º Select create button [ ignore the warning message ]
º Name operating concern.
º Select Costing Based.
o Save
º Data structure / Create
• Charecteristics [ to see ] Value Fields[to see]
• Customerwise Sales Qty
• Cust Groupwise Sales Value
• Materialwise COGS
• Material Groupwise Discounts
º Characteristics
• MATKL Matl Group click <
• KUNNR Customer click <
• KMKDGR Customer Group
• VVGRW Group weight
º Value Fields
• VVIQT Invoice Qty
• VV010 Revenue
• VV020 Qty Discount
• VV030 Customer Discount
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• VV040 Material Discount
• VV060 Other Rebates
• VV070 Cash Discount
• VV110 Accrued Freight
• VV140 COGS
º Save
º Select Activate Button
º Select Back Arrow
º Select YES for “Do you want to generate Op Concern Environment ?”
[ Status Green = Active ]
º Attributes
• OC Currency = INR
• Select Co Code Currency = INR
• Fiscal Year = K4 [ensure same fiscal yr in FI]
º Save [o/w assignment not possible]
º Environment - activate client specific Part
• IMG/ES/Assignment/CO/Assign CO area to OP Concern
• IMG/CO/General Controlling/Organisation
o Maintain CO area
º Activate components
º If activation is in display mode uses KEKE to activate.This will happen
only after Assignment to Op Concern as above.
o Maintain versions 0
º Settings in op concern – weekly [ no option ?? ]
• IMG/CO/PA/Structure/DefineOP Concern
o Maintain characteristics [key fields]
º Chars created earlier [ MATKL etc ]
o Maintain value fields
º Created earlier [ VVIQT etc ]
o Define profitability segment characteristics
º Operating Concern – 00BP
º Select Costing Based
º Enter
º Save
• IMG/CO/PA/Master Data
o Maintain characteristics values [top button all chars on/off]
º Clicking on a char = maintain values
o Char hierarchy [to structure your products / customers]
o Define char derivation - derivation lets you find values for certain chars
automatically based on known values of other chars, where these chars are
logically dependent on one another
º Derivation rule - country key, sales orgn, dist channel, division & plant -
source & target
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• Valuation / Valuation Strategies
o Define & assign valuation strategy [create new if necc with PA]
o PV REC Plan Ver Val Strat
o 1 A 0 BPV
o Point of valuation PV 1 ¬ Real time
o Record ¬ A - incoming sales order
o Details [left]
o Assign valuation strategy
• Setup valuation using Matl Cost Estimate
o Define access to std cost estimate
º Costing Key 001 Costing variant PPC1
º Costing version 1 Period [template ¬] 012.2003
º Cost estimate is executed w/o date
• Define access to actual costing matl ledger
o Costing key 002
o Valuation view - profit center valuation / [use legal valu o/w prob later]
o Type of valuation - only transfer total cost
o Plant 00BP period 012.2003
o Valuation field allocation 00BP ERLOS / VV010
o Assign costing keys to products 001,002 [ legal valu problem ?? ]
o Assign costing keys to material types 001,002
o Assign costing keys to any chars n/a
o Assign value fields ERLOS / VV010
• Setup conditions & costing sheets
o Define condition tables [create top button]
º 502 [ selected field co code ] & GENERATE
o Define access sequences
º BP01, 10, Table 502, Co Code / Customer / Material
o Create condition types & costing sheets
º Define type, prices & price
º Separate pricing proc for CO [ZWMP01]
º Steps counter ZBPR
º 100 00 ZBPR
º Condition records however do not appear [xxx]
o Assign value fields
º Ctype Value Field
º ZBPR ERLOS / VV010
o Define pricing reports - P1
º Cost ctr, co code, header [key field & text] rest – item level [only key
field]
• Planning
o Initial steps
º Maintain version 0
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º Settings in Op concern [transfer to Sop – create char groups]
o Assign qty fields
º SD Qty Field COPA Qty Field
º Order qty Sales Qty
o Planning framework
º Setup planning framework 00BP General O/View
º Aids for Changeover to the Planning Framework
• Create planning level from planning layout ZPLAN
• Display Planner Profiles
o Create your planner profile [ use change butt ]
o Manual entry of Planning data
º Define planning layout / Create
• Save
o Setup trans based top down dist
º Define value field assignment
• Value field same as ref field
º Define dist profile [BDI]
• Dist level
o Receiving char PRCTR [profit Ctr]
• Flow of actual values
o Initial steps
º Characteristic groups
• Maintain char groups [see top]
• Assign char groups for assign screens
• Assign char groups for line item screens
º Value field groups
• Maintain value field groups
• BPVF [only value fields Rev, Gross sales, freight etc]
• Assign value fields for line item screens
o Transfer of incoming sales orders
º Assign value fields SD ¬ COPA
• Condition Type Value Field
• PR00 VV010
• KP00 pallet dis VV020
• KA07 cust dis VV030
• KA00 sales promotion VV060
• ZF00 accrued freight VV110
• VPRS cost VV140
º Save
º Assign Qty Fields SD ¬ COPA
• SD Qty Field COPA Qty
• BRGEW VVGRM gross wt
• FKIMG VVIQT invoice qty
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º Activate transfer of incoming sales orders
o Transfer of billing documents
o Order & Project settlement
º Define PA transfer structure for a settlement
• PA Trf Stru FI
• Assignment line 50 [revenues]
• Source cost element 800000 to 805000
• Value fields ERLOS / VV010
º Assign PA Stru to settlement profile 00BP
º Activation of Profitability Analysis
• IMG/CO/PA/Flow of Actual Values/Activate PA
o Select thru position & 2
• IMG/CO/PA/Flow of Actual Values/Initial Steps/Define No ranges
for Actual Postings
o Select Op Concern
o Select maintain groups
• Save
º IMG/FA/Global Settings/Document/Line Item/Controls/Maintain FSV
• Select FSV [0001]
• Dbl Click FSG [G004]
• Dbl click Addl A/c Assignment [PgDn]
• Profitability segment required / optional.
• Save  enter
• Select G001 & dbl click
• Dbl click Addl A/c Assignment
• Profitability segment  required / optional.
• Save
o IMG/CO/PA/Flow of Actual Values/Direct Postings from FI/MM
º Maintain PA transfer stru for direct postings
• Select FI [stru] Financial A/cing
• Dbl click assignment lines
• Select 10 direct cost from FI
• Dbl click source
• From 400000 to 499999
• Dbl click value fields
• Select new entries
• Select Value fields [QTY/Value] 1 [fix] VV140 [value field]
• Save
• Select < . [back arrow]
• Select 20 direct revenues from FI
• Dbl click source
• From 300000 to 399999
• Select Value fields [QTY/Value] 1 [fix] VV010 [value field]
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• Save
o Posting of transaction in FI [F-02]
º 40 cash 113100 - amt 100000 BA BPCL des = sales posting
º 50 sales 800000 - amt “” “” BA BPCL des = +
º Select profit segment  [arrow]
º Select - [continue ]
º Save
º To see line item list display A/c/CO/PA/Info System/Disp Line Item List
[ KE24 – Actual ]
• Cur type 10
• Rec Type B dir FI posting
• Period 012/2004
• Co Code HPCL
• Customer 2704
• Execute & list appears.
º To see the report
º A/c/CO/PA/Info System/Execute report [ KE30 ]
º Dbl click IDES 50 actual data
• Sales org 1000
• From 1.02.00
• To 12.02.00
• Plan/act ind = 0
• Execute
º Goto navigate [menu]  switch drill down
º Select customerwise.
º Navigate  switch drill down.
º Select actual data.
[There seems to be a confusion between direct FI & incoming sales order. It is better to be clear
about what PA you want to achieve before starting to avoid disappointments]
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PRODUCT COST CONTROLLING
What are the material types ?
1. Raw Material ROH - Account Groups
2. Stores & Spares ERSA
3. Packing Material VERP
4. Finished Goods FERT
5. Trading Goods HAWA
6. Semi – Finished Goods HALB
7. Services DIEN
You have to create under material master just like GL Master in FI.
Material Master :
• Purchase View - Views are nothing but areas or different screens.
• Sales View
• Accounting View
• Costing Views
• MRP View
• Production View
• Quality View
Product Costing is used to valuate Finished Goods at Standard Price.
Cost Sheet :
Raw Material xxx qty from BOM x price as per matl master
RM Overhead xxx %age of RM above
Personnel Cost xxx
Manufacturing Cost xxx
Mfg Overhead xxx
Cost of Goods Mfg
Admin & SD xxx
Cost of Goods Sold xxx
Personnel Power
Dept A  B  C  D
[routing means how many depts. Or product runs]
Power Cost 100,000 Depts are called
No of Hrs 10,000 work centers in PP
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Per Hr 10 In work centers we assign
Cost center.
Yarn 2hrs x 10 = 20
ProYarn 6hrs x 10 = 60
All done in 1000 Co Code
Basic Settings
Log/MM/Matl Master/Material/Create General – immediately
MM01
• Material WSLFG
• Material Type Finished Goods
• Material T – F100
• Industry Sector Mech Engg
• Select Orgn Levels
o Plant 1000 - [enter]
• Select top right button
• Select Accounting 1 View
o Price control S Standard
o Std Price 200
• Select top right button
• Select Costing 1 view
o Select E with qty structure
• Overhead group = SAP10
• Select Costing 2 view.
• Save
Creation of Raw Material
• Material WSLRM1
• Industry Mech Engg
• Matl Type Raw Material
• Material T-T300
• Select Organisational Levels
o Plant 1000 - [enter]
• Select top right button - Acounting 1 view
o Valuation Cost 3000
o Mov Avg Price 50 Rs
• Save
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• Material WSLRM2
• Industry Mech Engg
• Matl Type Raw Material
• Select Organisational Levels
o Plant 1000 - [enter]
o Des WSLRM2
• Select top right button - Acounting 1 view
o Valuation Class 3000
o Avg Price 25 Rs
• Save
Creation of Work Center [in production planning]
Log/Prodn/Master Data/Work Centers/Work Center/Create CR01
• Plant 1000 work center & cost center will be same
• Work Center Test5 [any name]
• Work Center Cat 0001
• - [enter]
• Working Hamburg Test5 work center
• Select costing tab  date = 1.1.03
• Cost Center Test2
• Machine 1419
• Save
Creation of Routing [routing means how many depts or product runs]
[logic  this product goes thru how many depts.]
Log/Prodn/Master Data/Routings/Standard Routings/Create CA01
• Material WSLFG
• Plant 1000
• Group 50000002
• - [enter]
o Usage 1
o Status 4 [released general]
• Select Operations Button
• Operations Work Center
• 0010 Test5
• Dbl Click 0010 operation
• Machine 120 mins
• Save
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Define Costing Sheets :
IMG/CO/PCC/PCPlanning/Basic Settings for Material Cost/Overhead
Define Costing Sheets
• Select COGM [cost of goods manufactured]
• Dbl Click costing sheet rows
• Select 10 raw material
• Dbl Click base
o Controlling area 1000
o From Cost element 400000 to CE 410000
• Select 20 Material O/h
• Dbl Click overhead rate
o Position  enter
o Give OH type 2 OH type
• Select 60 Prod Cost
• Dbl Click base
o CO area 1000
o Select new entries
o From CE 416200 to CE 416200
• Save
CREATION BILL OF MATERIAL
Log/Prodn/Master Data/BOM/Material BOM/Create CS01
• Material WSLFG
• Plant 1000
• BOM Usage 1
• - [enter]
• Item Item Category Comp Unit
• 0001 L WSCRM1 PC
• 0002 L WSCRM2 PC
• Save
CREATION OF SECONDARY COST ELEMENT
A/c/CO/CEA/c/Master Data/CE/Indiv Proc/Create KA06
• Cost Element 620001 [any no can be given]
• Valid from 01.04.00 [Co Area WSL]
• - [enter]
o Name machine hour rate
o Element Cat internal activity allocation 43
• Save
• Co Area 1000
• Save
CREATION OF ACTIVITY
A/c/CO/CCA/MD/Activity Type/Indiv Proc/Create KL01
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• Activity Type 1419 [can be any no or name]
• Valid from 01.01.00 - [enter]
• Name machine hours
• Description machine hours
• Activity unit H
• CCtr category *
• Act Type Cat 1
• Allocation CE 620001
• Save
CREATION OF COST CENTERS
A/c/CO/CCA/MD/Cost Centers/Create KS01
• Cost Center Test2 [any name or no]
• Name Test2 cost center
• Description Test2 cost center
• Person responsible A
• C Ctr Category 1
• Hierarchy Area H1
• Co Code 1000
• Bus Area 1000
• Save
CREATION OF COST CENTER GROUP KSH1
• Cost Center Group Testall [any name]
• Testall Testall
• Test2
• Save
PLANNING FOR COST CENTER FOR POWER ELEMENT KP06
Version = 0
From Period = 10 [for next month]
To period = 10
Fiscal Year = 2003
Cost Center = Test2
Cost Ele to = 499999
Select  from based
Select overview screen
Cost Element Plan Fixed Cost
416200 100000
Save
CHANGE ACTIVITY TYPE PER PRICE PER PLANNING
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[giving no of hrs required]
Controlling/CCA/Planning/Activity/Output Price/Change
Version = 0
From Month = 10
To Period = 10
Fiscal Year = 2003
Cost Center = Test2
Activity Type = 1419
Select  from based
Select overview screen
Activity Plan Activity
416200 100000
Save
PRICE CALCULATION [to get per hr cost calculation]
Accounting/Controlling/CCA/Planning/Allocations/Price Calc
[TC – KSPI]
Select Cost Center Group = Testall
Select no bus processes = E
Version = 0
Period From = 10
To Period = 10
Fiscal Year = 2003
Test Run = E
Detail List = E
Execute
Select back arrow
Yes
TO CHECK WHICH COSTING SHEET IS TO BE ATTACHED TO COSTING VARIANT
IMG/Controlling/PCC/Material Cost Estimate with Qty Structure/Define Costing Variant
[TC – OKKN]
Select Position Button
Costing Variant = PPC1 [std cost estimate]
Select PPC1  select details button
Select valuation variant button
Select overhead tab = costing sheet = COGM
Save
GOODS RECEIPT / PRODUCTION RECEIPT [in MM]
Logistics/Matl Mgmt/Inv Mgmt/Goods Movement/Goods Receipt/Other
[TC – MB1C]
Document Date = 23.07.03
Posting Date = 23.07.03
Movement Type = 521
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Plant = 1000
[enter] -
Material Qty SLOC
WSLFG 1 0001
Save
TO CHECK THE MATERIAL MASTER TO SEE VALUES ARE UPDATED OR NOT
Material = WSL
Plant = 1000
Accounting 1
CREATION OF COST ESTIMATE WITH QTY STRUCTURE
Accounting/CO/PCC/PCPlanning/Material Costing/Cost Estimate with Qty Structure/ Create
[TC – CK11N]
Material = WSLFG WSLRM1 = 50
Plant = 1000 RM2 = 25
Costing Variant PPC1 10 % = 7.5
Costing Version 1 Power 2x5 = 10
- [enter] 92.5
- [enter] Cost Element Total Value
620001 10
400000 50
400000 25
629900 2.10
655100 7.50
94.6
Save
Goto Material Master MM03
Select Costing 2 View
PRICE UPDATE
Accounting/CO/PCC/PCPlanning/Material Costing/Price Update
[TC – CK24]
Posting Period= 9 2003  Select marking release
Co Code = 1000  Select CoCode 1000
Plant = 1000  Costing Variant PPC1
Material = WSLFG  Costing Version 01
Execute  Save
 Select Back Arrow
 Select Release Button
When you do marking, the price as per Costing will be the future price.
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When you do releasing, cost estimate price will become current price.
Then current price will become previous price & new cost estimate price will become future
price.
COST ESTIMATE WITHOUT QUANTITY STRUCTURE
Accounting/CO/PCC/PCPlanning/Matl Cost Planning/Cost Estimate Without Structure/ Create
[TC – KKPAN]
Material No = WSLFG
Plant = 1000
Costing Variant = PPC1
Costing Date = 31.12.99
Valuation Date = 01.01.03
Enter -
Category = Material
Resource = WSLRM1
Plant = 1000
Qty = 1 PC
Enter -
Category = M
Resource = WSLRM2
Plant = 1000
Qty = 1 PC
Enter -
Category = E
Resource = Tets2
Plant = 1419 [activity]
Qty = 2 H [hrs]
Enter -
Save
Marking & releasing [ we are avoiding PP completely]
Same as price update.
Implementation Phases
Implementation Stages :
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ASAP is a PC based solution recommended by SAP for implementation planning and for use in
an R/3 System implementation. ASAP optimizes time, quality & efficient use of resources.
ASAP integrates 3 components
1. The ASAP Roadmap
2. Tools
3. R/3 Service & Training
The ASAP Roadmap – which delivers a process oriented, clear & concise project plan to provide
step by step direction throughout the R/3 implementation, which consists of 5 phases.
1. Project Preparation / Scoping
2. Business Blueprint
3. Realization
4. Final Preparation
5. Go Live & Support
Tools :
Implementation Assistant
Question & Answer Database [QADB]
Implementation Guide
Profile Generator
Transport System
R/3 Business Engineer
Project Estimator – helps drawing up a project plan.
Concept Check Tool
Accelerators - industry specific solutions [ RRR i.e. Ready to Run R/3 ]
Sample Implementation Project Plans
SAP Ref Structure & Sub Structure fo ASAP – IMG link, which allows direct navigation
from BPML to IMG related activities.
IDES the model R/3 Company
Project Related Knowledge :
ASAP Project Management
ASAP Change Management
Risk Analysis
Review
R/3 System
An R/3 transaction is a sequence of dialog steps that are consistent in a business context and that
belong together logically. When an R/3 transaction is executed, all individual dialog steps are
performed and the data entered in the transaction is updated in the database. From the viewpoint
of the database, this is a conversion from one consistent state to the next.
After a user accesses a transaction, the R/3 system starts a query from the application level to the
database level. This query is performed in SQL [structured query language] the language
compatible with most database systems. The scope of SQL enables the full functionality of the
database system, including all vendor-specific enhancements to be used.
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R/3 User Front End
Application Component Middle Layer
ABAP Dictionary Middle Layer
Relational Database Backend
Project Preparation
The primary focus of Phase I is getting the project started, identifying team members &
developing a high level plan. This process continues with customer interaction through a QADB,
thereby enabling knowledge of the customers process and facilitating of the AS IS Document
which is the DELIVERABLE of this phase. Customer sign off on the AS IS is a must.
The project preparation is instrumental in generating the AS IS document. This document
captures all the proceses “AS IS”. This becomes the deliverable and input for the next stage. The
project plan, resources etc are done through a project estimator. In the course of capturing the
proceses, a sandbox client can be set up to demonstrate to the customer. As to how SAP will
function [ look & feel ].
Business Blueprint
Understand the business goals of the company & to determine the business requirements needed
to support these goals.
The Business Blueprint captures all the processes “TO BE”, which has taken the information
from the “AS IS” document, & after GAP ANALYSIS, SANDBOX demo etc, USER SIGNOFF,
generated a “TO BE” deliverable, which forms the basis for the implementation.
Realization
To implement al the business & process requirements based on the Business Blueprint.
Customize step by step in two work packages, Baseline & Final Configuration.
The implementation takes off in a Development Box, which is an independent and insulated
server. All configuration done on any earlier SANDBOXES, are reconfigured on the DEV Box.
This configuration is transported to the Test Integration/Implementation Server, where the data is
loaded & testing & integration point tests take place. Data transports are always from the Dev
Box to the Test Server, & not vice versa. If any modifications are done on the Test Server in the
course of testing, they have to be redone on the Dev Server.
Final Preparation
Complete testing, end user training, system management and cutover activities. Critical Open
issues are resolved. Upon the successful completion of this phase, business in the R/3 Production
Server can be run. After all testing is done, compile documentation, user training and signoff.
Go Live & Support
Transition from a project oriented, pre-productive environment to a successful & live productive
operation.
Go Live & Early Watch : The Go Live check is for just before you cut over to live operation. It
tests whether the system is suitably configured for the requirements. In early watch sessions,
SAP spots potential performance problems early & suggests suitable corrective measures.
Remote Consulting : In remote consulting sessions, SAP consultants log into your server at
convienent times, trying to analyse & solve problems in your system from their desk.
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Img – Implementation Guide
The IMG acts as a checklist of the customizing activities that an enterprise should complete for a
SAP system implementation project. The IMG is hierarchally structured.
From a project IMG, you can work on customizing transactions, project documentation, cross
project documentation and project management information.
Industry specific customizing is the name given to the installation of the default customizing
parameters in the IMG that relate to a certain industry. You can transfer industry specific master
data structures to the system by using a CATT which is also integrated in the R/3 system.
CATT’s are provided for industry specific businesscases defined by SAP. Industry business
solutions are integrated in the Business Framework as Business Components. The
implementations of the system can also be ready to run R/3 [RRR] system solution. The main
feature of this system is the complete delivery of hardware and software allowing you to rapidly
install the R/3 system.
ABAP Dictionary
The ABAP dictionary contains the field definitions that are defined in the standard SAP system.
While online, the system uses the definition of the table fields in the ABAP dictionary to check
the format of the users field entries. The check on R/3 application level guarantees data
consistency before the data is transferred to the database.
Business Object Repository
Where SAP Business Objects are maintained. A SAP Bus Object is the representation of a
central bus object in the real world like an employee, sales order etc. Methods [application
programs] are used to modify the attributes [characteristics that specify a bus object] e.g change
employee address, promote employee. A bus object in a BOR can have many methods from
which one or several are implemented as BAPIs.
Business Application Programming Interface
A BAPI is basically an entry gate to the R/3 system, which R/3 offers access to business data &
processes. A BAPI is assigned to one & only one bus object. Business components interact in the
Business Framework Architecture via open BAPIs.
Architecture :
SAP Bus Component FI, HR etc
Bus Objects Sales Orders
BAPIs Create Sales Order
Client Components Sales component on an external w/station
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Sample FI Configuration Sequence
ENTERPRISE STRUCTURE
1. Create Company Company TATABP created.
2. Create Co Code .Company Code TTBP created
3. Assign Co Code to Co TTBP assigned to TATABP
4. Create Bus Area TTBN, TTBS, TTBE, TTBW, TTBC created for
North, South, East, West, Central India
5. Maintain FYV Fiscal Year Variant V3 [ TC – OB29 ]
6. Assign Co Code to FYV TTBP assigned to V3 [ TC – OB37 ]
7. Create COA CAIN [ TC – OB13 ]
8. Assign Co Code to COA TTBP assigned to CAIN [ TC – OB62 ]
9. Define A/c Groups Groups copied N/A as already existing in CAIN
[ TC – OBD4 ]
10. Define Retained Earnings A/c 11610000 [ TC – OB53 ]
11. Define PPV Posting Period variant TATA [ TC - OBBO ]
12. Assign Variants to Co Code TATA assigned to TTBP [ TC – OBBP ]
13. Open & Close Posting Periods Posting periods opened 2000-10 [ TC – OB52 ]
14. Define Doc Types & No
Ranges
No ranges copied from 0001 as none present in
IN01 [ TC – OBA7 ]
15. Define Tolerance groups for
GL
Tolerance Gr TATA defined [ TC – OBA0 ]
16. Define Tolerance Groups for
employees
Tolerance Gr “” defined [ TC – OBA4 ]
17. Define FSV Field Status Variant TATA defined
18. Assign Co Code to FSV TTBP assigned to TATA [ TC – OBC5 ]
19. Global Parameters Checked Global Parameters [ TC – OBY6 ]
Propose fiscal year, -ve postings allowed, default
value date ON.
20. Maintain Controlling Area TTBP CO area & STD HIER [ TC – OKKP ]
Fiscal Year from 2003
CCA active, AA IS ON, PA, ABC NOT active
PROFIT CENTER ON
21. Maintain Versions COPY 0, Select settings for each Fiscal Year, Enter
CO area & select fiscal year
22. Maintain NO Ranges GROUP INSERT, create no range, select element
COIN, Target TTBP & assign [ TC – KANK ]
COST CENTERS
23. Create default cost center DEFTATABP [ TC – KS01 ]
24. Create Cost Element UOM KL [ TC – KA01 ] PRIMARY
COST OF RM TRF 51000000
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COST OF PROD FACT 49000000
COST OF FIN GOODS TRF 52100000
COST OF FIN GOODS SOLD 50200000
SEMI FIN GOODS TRF 51100000
MFG SAL & WAGES 55010000
SALES – DOMESTIC BASE SALES REALISATION
40010000
UOM KL [ TC – KA06 ] SECONDARY [Celem
category 43 internal activity allocation]
SETUPCOSTS for setup prior to production
LABOUR DIR for labour costs
MACHINECST for machine costs
25. Create Cost Center Groups &
Cost Centers
[ TC – OKEON ]
TTBP - STD HIER
DEFTATABP - Default Cost Center
TPLS Silvassa Plant Gujarat
TPLSL1 - Lane 1
TPLSL1BOS Base Oil Storage
TPLSL1PUR Purification
TPLSL1BLN Blending
TPLSL1FIL Filter Press
TPLSL1CAT Cattle Tank Storage
TPLSL1AFM Auto Fill Machine
TPLSL1QC Quality Checks
TPLSL2 - Lane 2
TPLSL2BOS Base Oil Storage
TPLSL2PUR Purification
TPLSL2BLN Blending
TPLSL2FIL Filter Press
TPLSL2CAT Cattle Tank Storage
TPLSL2AFM Auto Fill Machine
TPLSL2QC Quality Checks
TPLT Patalganga Plant Gujarat
TPLU Paharpua Plant West Bengal
TPLV Tondiarpet Plant Tamil Nadu
TPLW Ballabhgarh Plant New Delhi
TPLX Hoskote Plant Karnataka
CREDIT CONTROL AREA
26. Create Addl Bus Areas TTB1, TTB2, TTB3 created
27. Create Credit Control Area TTCC created
28. Assign Credit Control Area to
Company Code.
Assigned
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FI-MM INTEGRATION
29. Purchase Quotation
30. Purchase Requisition
31. Purchase Order
32. Automatic Posting Procedures
[OBYC – can be accessed thru
Config Auto Postings in
MM/A/C DETER W/O
WIZARD] [ with WIZARD,
valuation account creates a
problem ??]
ME51 – no integration
No integration
ME21 – no integration
BSX – inventory posting configured
[Rules based on valuation modifier, valuation
class]
[Account Assignment – Valuation modifier,
Valuation Class, Gl a/c]
7920 GL 24300000 – Fin Prod: Prod & Purch for
sale
[Posting Key 89/99]
BSD – inventory posting
7920 GL Dr 58012000 Other losses matl
7920 GL Cr 45500000 Other Gains matl
WRX – GR/IR clearing A/c
Posting Key 86/96
GL 13110100 Ext Proc Dom
GBB – offsetting entry inv posting
FOR 7920 – General Modification AUF,AUA,
VAX, VBR, PK 81/91,GL 50200000 Cost of
Fin Goods Sold
FI-SD INTEGRATION
1. Automatic Posting Procedures
[OBYC – can be accessed thru
Config Auto Postings in
MM/A/C DETER W/O
WIZARD]
GBB –offsetting entry inv posting
FOR 7920 – General Modification AUF,AUA,
VAX, VBR, PK 81/91,GL 50200000 Cost of Fin
Goods Sold
2. Assign GL A/c’s TC VKOA
Table 001 Cust Grp/Mat Grp/ Act Key
Copied from CACN TTSO
Table 002 Cust Grp/ Act Key
Copied from CACN TTSO
Table 003 Mat Grp/ Act Key
Copied from CACN TTSO
Table 004 General
Copied from CACN TTSO
Table 005 Account Key
Copied from CAIN 0001
Cond Type KOFI, Sales Org TTSO, AAGR for Cust
& Mat, Act Key ERL, GL A/C
51010100 Sales Product 1
Act Key MWS [taxes] GL A/c 24638000
TAXES
3. Check Calc Proc Already defined
4. Assign Country to Calc Proc Assigned
5. Maintain Tax Proc [TC – FTXP]
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6. Define Tax Jurisdictions IN01 – IN32 defined
7. Define Tax Codes A1 output tax jur code IN10 – Karnataka LST 12%
defined CST FIELD NOT ACCESSIBLE as in
condition type JIP1,2 JIN1,2 level 1 was preset
instead of level 2. [ Acc seq TAXJ is ok?]
8. Tax Rates IN01 Andhra Pradesh LST 11.00 / CST 4.00
IN02 Arunachal Pradesh 11.50/4.00
IN03 Assam 11.25/4.00
IN04 Bihar 12.00/4.00
IN05 Goa 12.25/4.00
IN06 Gujarat 12.00/4.00
IN07 Haryana 13.00/4.00
IN08 Himachal Pradesh 13.50/4.00
IN09 Jammu & Kashmir 13.50/4.00
IN10 Karnataka 12.00
IN11 Kerala 11.50/4.00
IN12 Madhya Pradesj 11.00/4.00
IN13 Maharashtra 12.00
IN14 Manipur 10.00/4.00
IN15 Meghalaya 10.00/4.00
IN16 Mizoram 10.00/4.00
IN17 Nagaland 10.00/4.00
IN18 Orissa 11.00/4.00
IN19 Punjab 12.50/4.00
IN20 Rajasthan 12.00/4.00
IN21 Sikkim 10.00/4.00
IN22 Tamil Nadu 12.00
IN23 Tripura 10.00/4.00
IN24 Uttar Pradesh 11.00/4.00
IN25 West Bengal 12.00
IN26 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 10.00/4.00
IN27 Chandigarh 11.00/4.00
IN28 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 10.00/4.00
IN29 Daman & Diu 10.00
IN30 Delhi 10.00
IN31 Lakshwadeep 10.00/4.00
IN32 Pondicherry 10.00/4.00
9. Define Tax Accounts [TC – OB40]
JIN1 Act Key MWS GL 13113400
JIN2 Act Key MW3 GL 13113410
JIP1 & 2 Act Key NVV
10. Tax in Customer [TC – XD01]
SD/Basic Functions/Taxes/
Define Tax Relevancy of Master Records : In
customer taxes, create NEW JIN1 0,& 1 for exempt
& fully taxable, similar for JIN2.
Define Tax Determination Rules : In country IN,
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change sequence 1,2 to JIN1,2. This will ensure
JIN1,2 in VD01.
ASSET ACOUNTING
11. Org Stru / Check country
specific settings
[TC – OA08 ] No Changes
12. Copy COD EC 08 OIN copied to TTBP
13. Assign Input Tax indicator for
Non – Taxable Transactions
OBCL A0, and V0 assigned.
14. Assign COD to Co Code OAOB - assigned [if u skip 11, assignment will
not take place]
15. Specify No Assignment across
Co Codes
AO11 no change
16. Specify A/c Determination No changes
17. Define No Ranges AS08 01 to 06 defined
18. Define Asset Classes OAOA no change
19. Assign GL A/c’s AO90 Plant
& Mach 20000
30000
Furnitures………………...
31000 Vehicles………………...
32000
Hardware………………...
20200000 - acqui & prodn costs
21400000 - contra acqui
58190000 - loss on ret w/o revenue
21500000 - clearing a/c asset sale [xxx]
58190000 - loss on asset sale
45100000 - gain from asset sale
20210000 - ord acc dep
57000000 - exp dep mfg
20600000 - acqui & prodn costs
21400000 - contra acqui
58190000 - loss on ret w/o revenue
21500000 - clearing a/c asset sale [xxx]
58190000 - loss on asset sale
45100000 - gain from asset sale
20610000 - ord acc dep
57200000 - exp dep admn
20700000 - acqui & prodn costs
21400000 - contra acqui
58190000 - loss on ret w/o revenue
21500000 - clearing a/c asset sale [xxx]
58190000 - loss on asset sale
45100000 - gain from asset sale
20710000 - ord acc dep
57100000 - exp dep sales
20500000 - acqui & prodn costs
21400000 - contra acqui
58190000 - loss on ret w/o revenue
21500000 - clearing a/c asset sale [xxx]
58190000 - loss on asset sale
45100000 - gain from asset sale
20510000 - ord acc dep
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57200000 - exp dep admn
A/C DETERMINATION NOT SAVED as on
07/08/04, started saving on 10/08/04
ACTIVITIES [ FOR PP ]
20. Actiivate ABC in Co Area TC – OKKP activated
21. Maintain Std Hier for Co Area TC – OKW1 assigned
22. Create Activity Type TC – KL01, SETUP, LABOUR & MACHINE
[A/c/Co/CCA/MD/ActType/IndvProc/Create]
Activity type MIN, CCtr Cat F prodn
Atyp Cat 1 Manual Entry, manual alloc
Price Indicator 1 Plan price auto based on
activity
Output unit MIN minutes
23. Create Price Planning TC – KP26
[A/c/Co/CCA/Pl/ActOutPrices/Change]
AR & AP
24. Define A/c Groups [Cust] Preset
25. Create No Ranges [Cust] XDN1 - created
26. Assign No Ranges to Cust A/c
Groups
Assigned
27. Define A/c Groups [vendors] Preset
28. Create No Ranges [vendors] XKN1 - created
29. Assign No Ranges to Vend A/c
Groups
Assigned
30. Check doc types OBA7 - preset
31. Define Posting Keys OB41 - preset
32. Default values OBU1 - preset
33. Define a/c’s for Cash Discount
taken
GL 44310000
34. Define a/c’s for lost cash disc GL 44310000
35. Define a/c’s for over / under
payments
GL 58160000
36. A/c’s for exch rate diffs 13110000, 24430000
37. A/c’s for rounding diffs 58242000
38. A/c’s for bank charges Trans BSP GL 56000000
39. Posting Keys for Clearing Outgoing Payment
Customers 05/18
Vendors 25/38
GL 40/50
Incoming Payment
Customers 08/15
Vendors 28/35
GL 40/50
Credit Memo
Customers 02/11
Vendors 21/32
GL 40/50
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Transfer Posting with Clearing
Customers 07/17
Vendors 27/37
GL 40/50
40. HOUSE BANKS
41. Define House Banks House Bank SBI
Branch Churchgate
Swift 123456
Bank Number 11111
Bank Key SBI
A/c Id SBI
Bank A/c No 11111
Alt A/c No 55555
GL 24520000
Discounts 30000000
42. Setup Co Codes for Payment
Transactions
TTBP Tolerance days 3, Vendors FP, Customers
FPJ
43. Setup Paying Co Codes TTBP, min amt for o/p 10.00 INR, 1 b/e per due dt
44. Payment Methods per country IN INR preset.
45. Payment Methods per Co Code TTBP C cheque 9,999,999.00 inr
E cash 9,999,999.00 inr
T bank tr 9,999,999.00 inr
46. Bank determination for
payment transactions
Ranking order 1 for C cheque
Bank A/c’s SBI 25420000
Available amounts 9,999,999,999.00
Value Date 9,999,999.00 3 days
47. Number ranges for cheques 100001 - 100100 lot 101 TC – FCHI
48. DUNNING
49. Define Dunning Area TTBP [dunning notices not yet defined ???]
50. Define Dunning Keys Preset.
51. Define Dunning Procedures TC – FBMP create new proc & copy from 0001
After defining/copying the texts, the above error
[48] disappears.
52. Define Interest Rates [ To be done after defining interest indicator. ]
53. Dunning TC – F150 after passing some entries in TELCO
customer, dunning params were saved and run.
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54. INTEREST Configured on [ 23/08/2004 ]
55. Define Int Calc Types T1, T2 for item and balance @ 10 % defined for
TTBP.
56. Define No Ranges for Int
forms
Preset
57. Def A/c Bal Int Calc T1 & T2 defined
58. Def Ref Int Rates T1 & T2 defined
59. Define Time Based Terms Defined
60. Enter Interest Values 10% for T1 & T2
61. Interest Posting Recd 44020000
Paid 56000000
Checking Sample FI Configuration Sequence
1. SCC4 Locked
2. OX02 View Company Code - TTBP
3. OBY6 View Co Code Global Data - TTBP
4. OB45 View Credit Control Areas - TTCC
5. OX06 Overview Co Areas - TTBP
6. OX10 View Plants - TPLA - TPLX
7. OVXB View Divisions - LD Lubricant Division
8. OX09 View Storage Locations - TPLA – TSA1 st loc for TPLA
9. OX08 View Purch Orgn – TCPO, TCPS – TCPX
10. OVX5 View Sales Orgn – TTSO
11. OVXI View Dist Chanels - CS, DS, ST
12. OVX1 View Sales Offices - 19 sales offices
13. OVX4 View Sales Groups – Cust Sales Gr, Dist Sales Gr
14. OVXD View Shipping Points - 23 shipping points.
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15. OB29 Fiscal Yr variants - V3 12 + 4
16. OB13 COA - CAIN
17. OX06 Controlling Area – Basic Data
18. OKKP Controlling Area – General Controlling
19. OX01 Purchasing Org Assigned to Co Code – Only CPO assigned
20. OB62 Assign COA to Co Code CAIN - TTBP
21. OB37 Assign FYV to Co Code V3 - TTBP
22. OX19 Co area - Basic Data
23. OB45 View Credit Control Areas - TTCC
24. OB01 View Cr Risk Mgmt Categories
25. OB02 View Cr Mgmt Cr Representative Groups
26. OB45 Repeated ???
27. OB38 Assign Co Code to CCA TTBP - TTCC
28. 0KE5 EC-PCA Controlling area settings NOT CONFIGURED
29. OX10 View Plants
30. OX18 Allocation Plants – Co Code 23 plants
31. OX09 View Storage Locations
32. OVXD View Shipping Points - 24 shipping points
33. EC07 Create Shipping points – created 24 shipping points
34. OX08 View Purch Orgn - 1+6 PO defined.
35. OX01 Purchasing Org Assigned to Co Code – Only CPO assigned
36. OX17 Plants - Purch Orgn 6 PO assigned
37. OME4 Purchasing Groups – 4 groups RM, Pack, Consu, Addl defined
38. OVX5 Sales Orgn TTSO defined
39. OVXA Sales org – Divi TTSO - LD.
40. OVXI Dist Channels CS, DS, ST
41. OVXG Sales Area SO - DC – Div TTSO, CS,DS,ST, LD.
42. OVX1 View Sales Offices
43. OVXM Sales Area – sales offices 19 assigned
44. OVX4 Sales Groups CSG, DSG
45. OVXJ Sales Offices to sales Groups 19 assigned
46. OVX3 Sorg - Co Code TTBP - TTSO
47. OVX6 Sorg Dist Chan to Plant TTSO
48. OVXK Dist Channel – Sorg TTSO - CS,DS.ST.
49. OVXC Ship Pts – Plant 23 assigned.
50. OVXB View Divisions LD lubricant div
51. OVFL Sales area to Credit Control Area - TTSO,CS,LD,TTCC
52. OAOA SETUP ASSET CLASSES - preset
53. OBC4 Field Status Groups
54. OBC5 Assign Co Code to FSV TTBP - TATA
55. OB53 Retained Earnings A/c 11610000
56. FSP1 Edit GL A/c COA data.
57. FSP2 Edit GL A/c COA data.
58. FSP3 Edit GL A/c COA data.
59. FS01 Edit GL a/c Centrally
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60. FS02 Edit GL a/c Centrally
61. FS03 Edit GL a/c Centrally
62. FS04 Central GL A/c Changes
63. FS05 Edit GL a/c Centrally
64. FS06 Edit GL a/c Centrally
65. FBL3 GL A/c Line Item Display
66. FB03 Display Document
67. OBD4 GL A/c Groups
68. FSS1 Edit GL a/c Co Code Data
69. OMWM Valuation Control
70. OMWD A/c Deter for Valuation Areas - Valuation Grouping Code NOT
DEFINED NOT ASSIGNED
71. OMSK A/c Cat Ref Val Classes
72. OMSY MM view on Co Codes open for per 6/2004
73. OMS2 Material Types - preset
74. MMNR Material Master No Ranges [very small intervals]
75. OMS1 Units of Measure Groups - NO ENTRIES
76. OMSF Material Groups. G01 – G05
77. OVZC Customer No Ranges – Defined.
V-03 - V-09 Customer Master - No Entries
78. OVT0 Customer A/c Groups - preset
79. OVS9 Customer Groups - Industry & Retail
80. OBB8 Terms of Payment 0001, 0002
81. OBA4 “ “ defined for TTBP
XD01,2,3,4 [RFDABL00 ??]
82. OMSG Vendor A/c Groups - preset
83. OMSJ Vendor No Ranges - defined
84. OBA3 Tolerance Group TATA defined.
XK01,2,3,4,5,6, FK02,3,4,5,6 Vendor SAIL1 ?????
85. OKEO Std Hierarchy - CC group - defined & assigned.
86. KS01 Create Cost Center - created.
87. KA01 Create Cost Element - created
88. KA02 Change Cost Element
89. KA03 Display Cost Element
90. KA04 Delete Cost Element
91. KA05 Display Change Documents
92. KA06 Create Secondary Cost Element
93. KL01 Create Activity Type
94. KL02 Change Activity Type
95. KL03 Display Activity Type
96. KL04 Delete Activity Type
97. KL05 Display Change Documents – Activity Type
98. KP26 Change Activity Type / Price Planning.
99. KP27 Display Activity Type / Price Planning
100. KSBT Activity Type Price Reports
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101. KO01 Create I/o [not in use]
102. KO02 Change I/o [not in use]
103. KO03 Display I/o [not in use]
104. KO04 Order Manager
105. KOK3 Collective Display for I/o
106. KO12 Change Overall Planning
107. KO13 Display Overall Planning
108. KO22 Change Original Budget
109. FD24 Credit Mgmt Changes [Cr Co Area]
110. FD32 Cust Credit Mgmt Changes [Cr Co Area]
111. FD33 Display Cust Credit Mgmt Changes [Cr Co Area]
Advanced Planner & Optimiser [Supply Chain Planning &
Optimization]
Provides a complete suite of supply chain planner applications, based on SAP’s live cache
technology which allows forecasting, planning & optimizing to be executed in realtime. SAP
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APO is a separate SAP solution with its own release cycle. Each of SAP APO components like
Demand Planning can be implemented as a standalone product or as an integrated part of the
business framework.
Global ATP [available to promise] :– matches supply to demand on a truly world wide scale,
and gives customers reliable delivery commitments by means of both realtime checks &
sophisticated simulation methods.
Production Planning & Detailed Schedules : - optimizes the use of resources & creates
accurate plant by plant production schedules in order to shorten prodn life cycles and
respond rapidly to changes in market demand.
Supply Network Planning :- matches purchasing, production & transportation processes to
demand, and balances & optimizes your entire supply network.
Demand Planning :-
Identifies & analyzes patterns & fluctuations in demand, and creates accurate dynamic demand
forecasts.
Supply Chain Cockpit :-
Models, monitors & manages your supply chain with a specially designed GUI. The supply chain
cockpit provides users with a birds eye view of all activities & applications.
SAP LES [logistics execution system] :-
Is part of SAP’s unique Supply Chain Management initiative, and lets you create links between
the production, procurement, storage, distribution, transportation, sales and service processes. It
helps keep customers happy, staff productive and decision makers informed. It means real time
data for decision making, simulation and planning.
SAP B2B Procurement Solution : -
Enables open, full cycle, inter enterprise procurement, and covers all processes from creation of
a requisition, with or without catalogs, to the payment of the invoice. All end users are able to
purchase goods and services straight from their desktops, leaving purchase departments free to
focus on strategic purchasing operations. Using this compelling b2b procurement solution,
companies can streamline their requisition & indirect procurement processes, and cut the overall
cost of procurement, while providing the purchasing department, with visibility and control
across the entire procurement chain. SAP b2b procurement includes the creation & maintenance
of requisitions, purchase orders & reservations with or without catalogs, approval & rejection,
desktop receiving and service entry support, status & tracking, invoicing & performance
reporting functions.
SAP BIW [bus info warehouse]
Enables analysis of data from operationsl R/3 applications or any other bus applications,
including external data sources such as databases, online services and the internet. SAP BIW
supports OLAP and is particularly suited for processing large volumes of operational &
historical data.
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MYSAP.COM
MYSAP.COM is a comprehensive, open, e-business solutions environment, comprising of
portals, industry specific enterprise applications, internet applications and services, as well as
XML based technology – all of which combine to enable companies to participate in the Internet
economy. The bus objective of mYSap.com are to empower people to create value, and enable
one-step bus transactions. MYSAP.com places the internet at the center of SAP’s activities. It
leverages all of SAP’s key assets, including its extensive product portfolio, customer base,
partner community and expertise in integrating business processes.
In the old economy, integration meant business process integration. In the new economy,
it requires integration of processes between enterprises. ERP made SAP R/3 a worldwide
standard system. Since 1996 SAP R/3 has been e-commerce capable. SAP products incorporated
business technology for the future allowing customers to be ready for the future without system
change for the new economy, where the requirement is for collaboration more than working
together. Processes, where many users participate and can be executed simultaneously as a one
step business.
Sap focus earlier was company created, now it is market centered [via the internet] where
mySAP.com places the internet at the center of SAP’s activities. It leverages all of SAP’s key
asets including its extensive product portfolio, customer base, partner community and expertise
in integrating business processes. MYSAP.com is the collaborative environment providing
personalized business solutions on demand.
WorkPlace:- consists of links inside & outside a company’s boundaries. Links can be
made to
Non mySAP components - Ext systems using open internet standards.
MySAPcomponent - classical & new web based R/3 transactions [R/3
standard system, new dimensions, industry solutions],
reports [BIW reports with BW 2.0a], Knowledge WH
contents
MYSAP.com internet services - mySAP.com marketplace
Any internet or intranet web sites.
Key Benefits of a Workplace
Access to all necessary internet & external services through one screen.
Seamless integration in mySAP.com environment.
Protal is tailored to users role in the company.
Single sign on access to all services.
User friendly web browser interface.
Access via the Internet anytime, anywhere.
Workplace is an application on a users desktop that co-operates with a web browser &
provides a personalized, role specific view on the entire business world. This business
world includes market places, applications, services and content provided by a company
over the Intranet or other companies via the internet.
Marketplace portal is a place on the web where communities can exchange goods and services
electronically. The mySAP.com marketplace is a public business portal hosted by SAP. Anyone
who sells or buys can participate in the mySAP.com marketplace. It is not for just SAP
applications or SAP customers. The mission of the mySAP.com marketplace, is to engineer
business collaboration across enterprises via the internet. The main components of mySAP.com
marketplace include :
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MyHome : - personalized homepage for the registered user with favourites from the
mySAP.com web site.
Communities : - content rich data organized along the vertical & horizontal industries
supported by SAP.
One Step Business : - portion of the site where users can browse merchant web sites and
procure products and services.
Services : - internet services are available for the user to which he can subscribe.
Key Benefits of the marketplace : -
Personalized home page available for registered users.
Streamlined business process flow with one step business.
Access to a broad scope of suppliers.
Reduce costs ofinteraction with external partners
Content rich communities available for better decision making & to interact with other
business professionals.
Direct access to value add internet services.
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Miscellaneous : PLEASE DO NOT EXPERIMENT
Report Painter
Report Painter allows you to create reports using data from SAP application components, which you can
adapt to meet your individual requirements.
Many of your reporting requirements can already be met by using the standard reports provided by
various SAP application components. If these SAP standard reports do not meet your reporting needs,
Report Painter enables you to define your specific reports quickly and easily.
Report Painter fulfills a function similar to Report Writer, but is easier to use. Most of the functions found
in Report Writer have been built into Report Painter; however, you do not need to be familiar with all
Report Writer concepts (such as Sets) in order to use Report Painter.
When executing a Report Painter report, it is displayed by the system in Report Writer format. You thus
have access to the same functions as for Report Writer reports defined in the same way, and can
combine Report Painter and Report Writer reports together in a report group.
Report Painter uses a graphical report structure, which forms the basis for your report definition and
displays the rows and columns as they appear in the final report output.
To facilitate report definition, you can use many of the standard reporting objects provided by SAP (such
as libraries, row/column models, and standard layouts) in your own specific reports. When you define a
Report Painter report you can use groups (sets). You can also enter characteristic values directly.
Advantages of Report Painter include:
• Flexible and simple report definition
• Report definition without using sets
• Direct layout control: The rows and columns are displayed in the report definition as they appear in the
final report output, making test runs unnecessary.
For comprehensive information on the Report Painter, see the SAP Library, under Financial Accounting → Special
Purpose Ledger → InfoSystem / Report Painter Reports
Report Variants
Creating Report Variants :
1. From the menu bar, choose System → Services → Reporting.
2. In the Program field, enter the report name. (If you do not know the name, see Finding the Name of a
Report You Want to Execute.) as explained below :
Choose System → Services → Reporting.
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The report selection screen appears.
Choose Utilities → Find Program. Or, choose the possible entries icon for Program, and
select an entry from the dropdown list box.
The report search screen (ABAP Program Directory) appears:
In the Program field, enter any part of the report name that you know, plus any wildcards ( * or +
), as needed. * = multiple chars, + = 1 char.
Choose Execute.
A list of reports appears.
Place the cursor on the report name, and choose Choose. Or, double-click the report name.
Choose Program → Execute. [ using back till variant screen, the program name will be in the
box ]
3. From the menu bar, choose Goto → Variants.
4. The ABAP Variants initial screen appears
5. In the Variant field, enter a name for this variant, and choose Create. You can use any combination of
characters to create the variant name except for special characters, such as the percent sign (%) or dollar
sign ($).
The selection criteria screen for the report appears.
6. Enter values in the selection criteria input fields.
7. Select attributes [ top button ] enter description & save.
Displaying Available Report Variants :
1. From the menu bar, choose System → Services → Reporting.
2. In the Program field, enter the report name.
3. From the application toolbar, choose Overview of variants.
4. All the variants attached to the report appear.
5. To view the contents of the variant, place the cursor on a variant and choose Variants → Display values.
6. To use the variant, highlight the variant and choose Execute with variant.
7. The system displays the selection screen for the report, complete with data.
Using Report Variants :
1. From the menu bar, choose System → Services → Reporting.
2. In the Program field, enter the report name.
3. Choose With variant.
4. In the Variant field, enter the desired variant. To obtain a list of available variants, choose the possible
entries button.
5. To execute the report with the variant, choose Execute.
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The system displays the selection screen filled with data.
WorkFlows : PLEASE DO NOT EXPERIMENT
• Configuring a WorkFlow
o Create a Simple Oraganisational Unit
In this section you will create a simple organizational structure. You will notice that this is not just a technical
representation but also reflects the way a company handles organizational management.
• There are direct relationships between the different objects.
For example: A position is assigned to an organizational unit. The position is described by a job and a user
is assigned to this position.
• The positions and the relationships also have validity dates.
For example: A position can be created in advance so that it is valid from the beginning of the next month.
A user can be assigned to this position for the next sixth months leaving it vacant after this date. The
vacancy can be filled at any time by the system administrator.
As you can see, this makes it very easy for the workflow administrator to keep the organizational structure up-to-
date, and to maintain the assignments and reorganizations in advance so that they automatically come into effect at
midnight on the appropriate day.
Tip: Never delete positions, users, or any other organizational unit. Use the validity date to delimit the existence of
the organizational object. This is easy and ensures that the reporting and auditing work consistently.
This tutorial shows you how to create an organizational unit from scratch.
• First Step in Creating the Organizational Plan
• Specify Validity of the Main Organizational Unit
• Description of the Main Screen
• Create a Hierarchy of Organizational
Units
• Create an Organizational Sub-Unit
• Create Positions
• Create Positions (Part 2)
• Describe the Position
• Search for a
User
• Select a User
• Assign the User to the Position
• Determine the Validity
• The Organizational Unit Is
Complete
• First Step in Creating the Organizational Plan
o SAP/Tools/BusWF/Dev/DefTools/OrgMgmt/OrgPlan/Create [ PPOCW ]
• Specify Validity of the Main Organizational Unit
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All organizational objects have a validity period. This allows you to set up an organizational object in advance. It
also allows you to specify a termination date. Later, if there is an organizational reshuffle this termination date can
be brought forward.
The organizational unit is only valid for this duration. Later, if it is assigned to a workflow task no agents will be
found outside this validity period.
The default is to start immediately and terminate in the year 9999 - in other words
forever.
• Description of the Main Screen
The maintenance screen is divided into four frames.
1 Maintenance frame. This frame displays the main object and its relationships - in this case the new
organizational unit that you are creating. TOP RIGHT
2 Detail frame. This displays the detailed information about the organizational object selected in the
maintenance frame. You can switch between different types of detailed information (views) using the tab
strips. MIDDLE RIGHT create as Org Unit BOOKDEPT & Desc as ORG UNIT FOR BOOK
3 Search criteria frame. This frame is independent of the maintenance frame and the detail frame. It allows you
to search for new objects which can be displayed or linked to other objects. LEFT TOP
4 Search results frame. The results of the search based on the search criteria frame is displayed here. An object
can either be dragged and dropped into the maintenance frame in a relationship (such as a user to be assigned to an
organizational unit) or displayed in the maintenance frame by double-clicking on it. LEFT BOTTOM
The blue arrow buttons ( ) are used to navigate back and forth between the views that you have displayed.
For example, while you are displaying the organizational unit you may search for another organizational unit to
compare them. Double-clicking on the new unit will display it in the maintenance frame. Choosing the blue "back"
arrow will return to view the original unit. Do not confuse this with the undo button ( ), which undoes changes
made up to the last save.
The frames can be resized by stretching their frame outline and the detail frame can be eliminated (or recovered) by
clicking on its title bar.
Do not forget to regularly save the data (
).
• Create a Hierarchy of Organizational Units
Top Left NEW ORGN UNIT becomes ORGN UNIT FOR BOOK after Save of Right Middle i.e.
detail frame.
• Create an Organizational Sub-Unit
The list of object types that can be created depends on the original object selected.
An organizational object can be
assigned:
• Subsidiary organizational objects
• Positions
• Tasks (single step tasks used in a workflow)
• Workflows (meaning that anyone assigned to the original organization has the authorization to start this
workflow). Normally you create a workflow from the Workflow Builder rather than this screen.
Select orgn unit by double clicking on it.
• Create Positions
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Type in a description of the new orgn unit [ e.g. Southern Division ], and create an addl orgn unit.
Save the changes you have made so far.
Select one of the orgn units & create positions for it usingthe create button again.
• Create Positions (Part 2) & Describe the Position
This time select position and dbl click
Enter a description for the position e.g. Reader1, & JOB as BookReader.[ or assign a JOB using F4 ]
• Search for a User
Assign an existing user to the position, by searching for a user.
• Select a User & Assign the User to the Position
Enter thesearch criteria & find users matching. Drag & drop the user chosen into the postion
[ Reader1 ] in the frame on the right i.e. Task Assignment Frame.
• Determine the Validity Accept the default.
• The Organizational Unit Is Complete Now you have assigned a user to the position and you can continue
this for other positions. Your organizational unit is now complete.
ASSIGN AGENTS
Start the Customizing Transaction
• Select Task-Specific Customizing for
Workflow
• Expand the Application Hierarchy
• Select the Application
• Task List
• Make the Task a General
Task
• The Tasks Have Been Classified
• Select Event Activation: USE IMG/BasisCompo/BusMgmt/SAPBusWF/ Perform Task Specific
Customizing
• GOTO Log Gen/Log Basic Data/Bus Partners/Vendor Master & assign agents to tasks FA LO-MD-BP-
VM.
• Select the tasks shown in the chapter description, and make the task a general task using the ATTRIBUTE
button.
• Select General task in the dialog box.
• Choose Edit / Refresh Index to refresh the buffers.
ACTIVATE EVENTS
Select Event Activation
• Activate the Event
• All Events Activated

• Return to the application hierarchy & select event activation to activate the event linkage
for this WF.
• GOTO Log Gen/Log Basic Data/Bus Partners/Vendor Master & activate event linking FA- LO-MD-BP-
VM.
• Select one of the events & use activate icon. Repeat for other events.
• Your WF will now start automatically. All the events have been activated. Whenever a vendor is
blocked, this workflow will automatically start. Since the tasks are general tasks, everyone in your system
will receive the work items in their inbox, whenever this occurs.
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The belowmentioned are not part of the above.
IMG/BASISCOMPO/BUSMGMT/SAPBUSWF/
• Maintain Std Settings [ SWU3 ]
o Automatic Customization
o Test RFC Destination
o Start Verification Workflow
• Bus Workplace [ SO01 ]
IMG/FA/ARAP/BusTrans/Release for Payment/
• Create Workflow Variant for Release for Payment
• Assign Company Code Workflow Variant for Release for Payment
• Define Release Approval Groups for Release for Payment
• Define Release Approval Paths for Release for Payment
• Assign Release Approval Paths for Release for Payment
• Assign Release Approval Procedure for Release for Payment
• Define Relevant Document Types for Release for Payment
• Define Users with Authorization to Release Payment
Schedule Manager - SCMA
• Create a task list [top header/tasklist/create]
o Enter name of task
o Enter desc, calender etc & save
o Tasklist appears in the tasklist
o Change task list [top]
º Right click on task list
º Create task
• Enter desc, program/transaction, start time etc
o Schedule a task for a particular date and time.
º Return to Scheduling [TOP]
º Select Task, right click & simulation of scheduling
º Enter planned run date
o Select task & execute IN BACKGROUND [TOP HEADER]
º Enter output device [LP01], title & enter
º Click immediate & save
º Background job is scheduled
º System/Services/jJobOverview/execute [sm37]
º Click jobname & view spool [xxx]
o You can also create a RUN SCHEDULE from
IMG/FA/GLOBAL/DOCUMENT/RECURRING ENTRIES/ DEFINE RUN
SCHEDULES & ENTER RUN DATES. These can be incorporated in a schedule
manager as tasks & then executed.
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ROADMAP
Week 1 :
Introduction Enterprise Structure To SAP, view and understand the overview file. Define Company, Company code & Assign the same. Maintain Fiscal Year Variant, Posting Period Variant, Document Number Ranges, Document Type, Posting Keys, Field Status Variants & Groups & Assignment of the same wherever necessary. Create a simple Chart of Accounts, Assign the same, Edit GL A/c’s, Enter Transactions, Post with reference, Account Assignment Model, Recurring Document and Batch Processing, Document Parking and Document Extract. Understand the Closing concept, Close the company created, view the Balance Sheet, Accounts, carry forward balances to the next year, and view the Retained Earnings Account. Create a company encompassing all features of the SAP standard company 0001, create a COA in line with the INT COA, Assign as necessary, Edit Gl A/c Collectively, Enter Transactions, Post with reference, Account Assignment Model, Recurring Document and Batch Processing, Document Parking and Document Extract. Create GL A/c for Cash Journal, Document Types, Number Range Interval, Setup Cash Journal, Business Transactions, and Posting. Understand the concept of a non-jurisdictional Tax Procedure, Condition Type, Access Sequence, Account Key, Tax Codes, Input / Output Tax, Calculation and Posting. Jurisdictional Tax Procedure will be configured independently by the student at this stage. Create Customer Master Records, raise invoices, receive incoming payment, assign and clear open items, Down payment request, creation and clearing, Maintain Terms of Payment. Installment Payment terms to be configured independently by the student. Define Dunning Area, Dunning Keys, Dunning Procedure, Dunning Notices. Define Interest Calculation Types, Number Ranges, Arrears Interest Calculation, Interest Run and Posting. Balance interest to be configured independently. Create Vendor Master Records, Input Tax, raise bills, create outgoing payments. Understand the concept of WT, Basic Settings, Calculation and Postings. Extended WT will be configured independently by the student. Define House Banks, Outgoing Payment Configuration, Number Ranges for Cheques, and Bank Reconciliation. Automatic Payment Run to be configured independently. Understand the concept of foreign currency translations, enter exchange rates, valuate open items at closing with reversals. Define Credit Control Area, Valuation Level, Plant, Location, Division, Sales Organisation, Distribution Channel, Storage Location, Shipping Point and Assignment of the same. Define Common Distribution Channel and Division. Check Enterprise Structure for Sales and Distribution. Understand integration concepts, and assign GL A/c’s. Create material, initial stock entry, check stock of material. Understand the concept of pricing procedure, condition type, access sequence, account key, procedure determination, and maintenance of condition records. Create Sales Order, Outbound Delivery, Billing Document, Accounting Entries. Understand Organization Structure, Chart of Depreciation, Depreciation Areas, Asset Classes. Define and Assign GL A/c’s, Posting Keys, Field Status Variants, Tax Indicators. Create Asset, acquire with / without vendor [ opening balances ]. Understand Depreciation Keys. Understand Acquisitions, Retirements, Depreciation Run and Posting. Understand Legacy Data Upload using Microsoft Excel. Maintain Controlling Area, Assign the same and maintain number ranges Create Default Cost Center, Primary Cost Element, Secondary Cost Element Activate Cost Center Accounting in Controlling Area, Maintain Standard Hierarchy, Create Cost Center Groups and Cost Centers, Select Planner Profile, Cost and

Simple Chart of Accounts Period End Closing

Week 2 :
International COA

Cash Journal Taxation

Week 3 :
Accounts Receivable

Dunning Interest

Week 4 :
Accounts Payable Std Withholding Tax House Banks Foreign Currency Translation

Week 5 :
SD/MM definition, assignment, and integration Create Material [FERT] Pricing Procedure Sales Order & Billing

Week 6 :
Asset Accounting Integration Asset Data Depreciation Transactions Legacy Data Upload

Week 7 :
Controlling Cost Element Accounting Cost Center Accounting

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Activity Input, Enter Plan and Actual amounts, Generate Variances, Redistribution and Assessment of Primary and Secondary Cost Elements across Cost Centers.

FI - Notes :
SM01 : LIST OF ALL TRANSACTION CODES SM04 : TO DISPLAY OTHER USERS SM12 : TO CLEAR LOCKS SM35 : TO PROCESS SESSIONS SE09 : TO RELEASE TRANSPORT REQUESTS [sap/tools/abap ………….workbench/overview/transport organizer] SE11 : FOR DATABASE TABLES SE17 : TO ANALYSE TABLE ERRORS SE38 : ABAP EDITOR & ALL OPTIONS TO GENERATE , EXECUTE ETC. SHDB : Batch Data Communication SBWP : Business Workplace [ for SAP Mail etc ] SEARCH_SAP_MENU : TO SEARCH FOR MENU PATH THRU TRAN CODES Some Commonly Used Terms : IDES International Demonstration Evaluation Server ASAP Accelerated SAP [ systems, applications and products ] CIN Version Country India Version LSMW Legacy System Migration Workbench CATT Computer Aided Testing Tool BDC Batch Data Communication CRM Customer Relationship Management SEM Strategic Enterprise Management BIW Business Information Warehouse KM Knowledge Management BOR Business Object Repository SQL Structured Query Language GUI Graphical User Interface RFID Radio Frequency Identification APO Advanced Planning Optimizer EAI Enterprise Application Integration IDOC Intermediary Document EDI Electronic Data Interchange ALE Application Link Enabling - used to distribute data [master & tran] across different systems BAPI Business Application Programming Interface ABAP Advance Business Application Programming Language LES Logistics Execution System BPML Business Process Master List OLAP Online Analytical Processing ATP Available to Promise B2B Business to Business
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while still in some activity. Use “New Entries” to define a new Company. It is to put in existence a Company with all its addresses and other details. A Company serves as a Global group under which various Subsidiaries. such activity will be locked for editing.t tables changed.[ OBY6 ] 4 by Harnath . use SM12 transaction. IMG/ES/ASSIG/FA: ASSIGN COMPANY CODE TO COMPANY: Assign the company created under 1 to the company code created under 2. A lot of data or SAP implementation variables can be defined at the Company level and shall be applicable to all the Subsidiaries. DEFINE COMPANY: Define Company. • TO CHECK GLOBAL SETTINGS . server goes down connection is lost. To unlock. we define o Company o Credit control Area o Company codes o Business Area o Functional Area. It can be used as a tool to troubleshoot the changes & also to put accountability on configuration makers. eg. Chart of Accounts. enter address etc.    • Note: While saving.r.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling OSS Online Support System BADI Business Add In CMOD Customer Modification ERP Enterprise Resource Planning EWS Enterprise Wide System BPR Business Process Re Engineering SME Small & Medium Enterprises ENTERPRISE STRUCTURE : IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Financial Accounting • In “Definition” stage. Changes made can be viewed via Header > Utilities > Change Request Organizer (available only inside an IMG screen) Note: Any In-house Document (created by any user on the same client) can be recalled entering ‘*’ in the Reference Field and opting for ‘Tree On’. Branches & Offices can be configured. a ‘Customizing Request’ Organizer prompts up – This stores changes made by every individual configuration w. DEFINE / DELETE / CHECK COMPANY CODE : • Edit company code data [OX02]: Create your co code. Note: If in run-time. etc. The purpose is to assign common variables defined at the Company level to the company codes also and for consolidated reporting purposes. DO NOT COPY AT THIS STAGE. date of change made. Branches & Offices under this group. and o • Other organizational units. IMG > Enterprise Structure > Assignment > Financial Accounting Assign Company Code to Company All the company codes which were under one group are assigned to the Group.

Every business transaction is allocated to a posting period. Year independent 3. Mar 31 12 -1 4. after regular entries in 12 normal posting periods. FYV does not contain info whether a period is open or closed.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • IMG/FA/GLOBAL SETTINGS/FISCAL YEAR . hence only assignment is needed. and for a Special Ledger ( where cross flow exists like PCA. Apr 30 1 0 5. Jun 30 3 0 5 by Harnath .[ OB29 ] IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Fiscal Year Fiscal year variant is maintained at the company code level. This is accessed thru open / close posting periods. it is called a shortened FY. Weekly will have 52 posting periods. May 31 2 0 6. which though falling in next fiscal period will be reflected in the accounts of preceding fiscal only. Year Independent FY Month Day Period Year Shift 1. This could be required if closing has to be made before the end of the normal FY. Feb 28 11 -1 3. Thus for a General Ledger there can be a maximum of 16 posting periods. Calendar 4. The shortened FY and its no of PP has to be specified before the definition of period dates and for this year only.e. Year dependent fiscal year means the start and end date of the PP of some FY will be different from the dates of other FY. 2 28 4 periods cannot be maintained for calendar dependent FYV. FY can be defined separately in different modules. There can be a maximum of 12 normal posting periods and 4 special 13-16 posting periods.  • Note: In case of fiscal types which are different from calendar year. PCC etc ) there can be a maximum of 65 posting periods. • • • • Maintain Fiscal Year Variant : fiscal year can be 1. Day : Last valid calendar date to be specified for each period. SAP adjusts the months that fall in next calendar by “an year shift variable of -1”. which will take precedence over global settings for that module. 1 31 2 -1 for last yr 3. 1 15 1 +1 for next yr 2. FYV 24 PP Month Day Period Year Shift 1. Year dependent 2.12 All fiscal types come with 12 posting periods (months) and 4 special periods (months) i. SAP has provided various fiscal year variants. Jan 31 10 -1 2. eg: K4 Type : JAN –DEC 1 . adjustment entries can be passed in following 4 special periods. Shortened Period : Fiscal year is made up of periods 1 – 12. a lesser no of PP can be assigned. periods can be accessed and defined.12 V3 Type : APR-MAR 1 . If one year of a FYV has less posting periods than others. Once the FYV is defined. and / or if some FY use a different no of PP. 2 14 3 0 for cur yr 4.

Aug 31 5 0 9. D.e.calender year 3. Populate the variant . [OBBO] • Open & Close Posting Periods : In case of a FY which spills over 2 years. “zzzzzzzzz” must be entered in ‘to a/c’ field. • Define Variants for Open Posting Periods : define as necessary.K4 2.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 7. PPV ) 1. Steps : Define the variant .e. [ OB37 ] IMG/FA/GLOBAL SETTINGS/DOCUMENT • Posting Periods : The variant principle is widely used in the R/3 system to assign special properties to one or more R/3 objects. OB52 • Assign Posting Period Variants to Company Code : assign. K. SAP standard is 0001. Sep 30 6 0 10. Account types maintained by SAP are ‘+’ Valid for all account types Populating ‘+’ type is necessary even if all account types have been defined separately ‘A’ ‘D’ ‘K’ ‘M’ ‘S’ ‘V’ Activity: Variant year 0001 2005 0001 2005 0001 2005 0001 2005 0001 2005 Assets Customers Vendors Materials G L Accounts Contract Accounts Imp: ‘+’ type can be defined without ‘frm a/c’ & ‘to a/c’ limit.2003 with periods 1-12. define 2002-03 as 2002. Nov 30 8 0 12. Jul 31 4 0 8. [ OBBP ] IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Posting Period Define Variants for open Posting Period Here a name is given to the posting period variant. Account type. The advantage of using variants is that it is easier to maintain properties which are common among several business objects ( FSV. a/c limits are required. but for others i. The variant type defined above is populated with characteristics i. Assign the variant to the appropriate company code. in the combination of Variant type. & 13-16. Oct 31 7 0 11. However if posting periods are across accounts. FYV. Open & Close Posting Periods This function is used to allow posting any particular account within a any desired period only. type + A D K M frm a/c to a/c frm pd1 1 year 12 to prd year frm pd2 year 2005 2005 2005 2005 2005 to prd 16 16 16 16 16 2004 1 1 1 1 2005 13 12 12 12 12 2005 13 2005 13 2005 13 2005 13 ZZZZZ ZZZZZ ZZZZZ ZZZZZ 2004 2004 2004 2004 6 by Harnath . Account Nos and Posting Period. M & S. A. Dec 31 9 0 • Assign company code to Fiscal Year Variant.

SAP does not use internal Number range but allows user to enter Document number manually. here range of one year can be copied to anther year within the same company code. is to be given by the user. Intervals / Ranges be changed. is to be used or what should be the status of current document no. X2 – used for Sample Document). [OBA7] Define Document Number Ranges : not necessary if copied earlier. document no ranges are defined for all years in that co code. One can select a document number range out of these ranges or range can also be altered according to ones own specification. the same can be copied to another year in the same co code. whether any external no.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 0001 2005 S ZZZZZ 1 2004 12 2005 13 2005 16 Assign Variants to Company Code Variant properties are assigned to a Company code. 7 by Harnath .  Note: Copy function can be possible only if there is no other number range existing in the target fiscal year or the target company code. SAP has defined 54 Document No Ranges ( 00 – 51 & X1 – used for Recurring Documents. Hence Document number range(s) used by any Company code can be copied to any other Company code.  Note: If document no range has been defined for any specific year only (first activity as above). Status (i. External No range if checked. By putting 9999 in ‘To Year’ field. IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Document No Range Define Document Number Ranges Here Document No Ranges can be copied from any other existing Company code. When ‘External’ is selected. Copy to Fiscal Year If Document Number ranges have been defined as year-dependent.) can also altered.e. Once copied. Copy to Fiscal Year : not necessary if copied earlier. Activity : Copy range) from to 0001 (SAP standard company) ABCD (IN01 does not have any doc no Copy to Company Code Document number ranges are Company code specific. internal no range is given. Copy to Company Code : not necessary if copied earlier. • • • • Document Number Ranges : Copy from.

Customers 3. • Control Data : 1. C .RG ---7. G/L Account. 3..Invoice 2. Account Allocation • Default Value : Exchange rate type for foreign currency document ……. G . • Special Usage : 1. 2. A .Customs Document 6. D . Batch Input only. 4.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling  Note: Copy function can be possible only if there is no other number range existing in the target fiscal year or the target company code. A/c type allowed : 1. B .Debit Memo 5. Planning 4. Document Header Text. Net Doc Tyoe – whether NETT 2. 2. Assets 2. IMG/FA/GLOBAL SETTINGS/DOCUMENT HEADER • Define Document Type : [ OBA7 ] Predefined document types are already in place. E . Negative postings allowed. F . • Required during Document Entry : 1. Material 5. Reference No. Customer vendor check 3. 8 by Harnath . Inter Company Posting.Payment 3. Rollup – minimum details saved.RG ---• Maximum Exchange Rate Difference : in %age terms for each co code. [ M avg translation rate ] • Assignment of Document Class to Document Type : Document class for Cr Memo would be C.Credit Memo 4. 1. Vendors 4. SA – G/L a/c type.

You group several field status groups into one field status variant. 9 by Harnath . When a doc is entered. Austria & Switzerland 3. Moreover the desired number range intervals for each number range key based on the company code. [ OBC5 ] Screen Variants for Doc Entry : 1. For eg. A number range is specified for each document type. One number range can be used for several document types. Standard . This allows you to work with the same FSG in any no of co codes.t various information General. Sales. Cost account. general.r.e. Bear in mind that additional assignments [ i. Document types differentiate business transactions and control document filing. the definitions stored for the group are effective. 40 50 Dr Cr G/L Account G/L Account Maintain Field Status Variant Field Status Variants determine which fields are ‘required’.to be used. Accounting. Optional / Required / Suppresed entry. France & Witholding Tax – for TDS. 2. ‘optional’ or ‘suppressed’ out of available fields w. Document numbers are chosen from this number range. vendor and general ledger business transactions in Financial Accounting. Fields can have the following statuses. material management. A FSG determines the screen layout for doc entry. This means that one can specify intervals of different sizes for the same number range. These groups are associated with respective G/L Accounts so that any data entry relating to that G/L Account will have fields based on properties of the FSV associated with such G/L Account.normally copy as. Material. required and hidden. Vendor Pymt – KZ AA IMG/FA/GLOBAL SETTINGS/LINE ITEM/CONTROLS • • • • Posting Key [ OB41 ] : 40/50 Dr / Cr GL A/c [ global ] Field Status Variant [ OBC4 ] : [ local ] . IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Line Items > Controls Define Posting Keys There are standard SAP defined posting keys which one has to use. Enter the FSG in the master record of the GL a/c. Assign a company code to a FSV. The preset document types cover business transactions in Financial Accounting for: → → → → → General ledger accounting Accounts receivable Int – DA Accounts payable Int – DA Asset accounting Consolidation SA Cust Invoice – DR. etc. The FSG determines which fields are ready for input.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Document Header > Document Types • • • Document types are defined for customer. Cust Pymt – DZ • Vendor Inv – KR. Assign FSV to Company Code : assign. Asset account. cost centers or orders ] are only possible if data can be entered in the corresponding fields. Document types are valid for all clients. A number range key is specified for each document type. SAP has defined a variant type 0001 which contains more than 50 variant groups (all groups pertain to different information types say. etc in any particular data entry screen.

t the following: → → → → the maximum document amount the employee is authorized to post the maximum amount the employee can enter as a line item in a customer or vendor account the maximum cash discount percentage the employee can grant in a line item the maximum acceptable tolerance for payment differences for the employee. Valuewise [upto 1. Rest of the employees will be governed by ‘blank’ Tolerance Group. One can customize the status of these groups as required. ‘maximum’ payment difference can also be defined whereby differences are automatically posted to cash discount. balance is adjusted to the revenue or expense account (which can be a combination of absolute amount & a %)   Note: Allowed Payment differences are posted automatically within certain tolerance groups. Any difference is first adjusted to cash discount (to the extent allowed here and permitted by max cash discount % defined above) and if this limit is exhausted. [ Smith = generic ] IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Line Items > Define Tolerance Group for Employees In this activity. Leaving ‘Group’ field ‘blank’ means the limits are applicable to all the employees.r. [ OBA0 / OBA4 ] 1. revenue or expense account as required. This way the system can post the difference by correcting the cash discount or by posting to a separate expense or revenue account. Apart from the above. 10 by Harnath . another Tolerance Group has to be created and populated with the employee identification (via next IMG step : “Assign users to Tolerance Groups”).000 etc ] 2. amount limits are pre-defined for employees w.000. Payment Difference [not recd full amount] Assign User / Tolerance Groups : assign. Cash Discounts 3. If any employee(s) is to be allowed some other limits.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Data fields that can be controlled by FSVs here are: General Data Additional account assignments Payment transactions Asset accounting Taxes Foreign Payments Consolidation Real Estate Management Financial Assets management Assign Company Code to Field Status Variant Here a Company is given the properties of FSV as defined above. • • Define Tolerance Groups for Employees : Not defining tolerance groups will restrict data entry. Note: There must be at least one Tolerance Group for each Company.

length can by Harnath . Length of G/L Accounts (6).e.e.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling SIMPLE CHART OF ACCOUNTS • IMG / FA / GL / Master Records : • Preparation : Edit COA List : Desc. • • • Activity : Define ABCD ABCCO Chart of Accounts [CAIN is SAP standard COA for India] Important settings: Length of G/L accounts 8 (INT has 6 digits)  11 Note : even after some G/L a/c s have been created with 8 digits.t a Chart of Accounts. IMG > Financial Accounting > General Ledger Accounting > G/L Accounts > Master Records > Preparations Edit Chart of Accounts • A Chart of Accounts is created with various parameters like Maintenance Language (EN). If in a company code G/L accounts have been created w.r. Chart of Accounts can only be deleted if it has not been assigned to any Company or no entry has been made. Length [10]. Manual / Automatic creation of cost elements. it is specific to Company level and not Company code level. such Company code cannot be assigned any other Chart of Accounts. Group Chart of Accounts for consolidation purposes. Manual Creation of Cost Element. etc. To do so. Chart of Accounts can be assigned to many companies i. Lang. first G/L account company code data has to be deleted via IMG > FA > GL Accounting > GL Accounts > Master Records > Deletion. G/L Accounts work in association with a specific Chart of Accounts. i.

t the G/L a/c other option “automatic creation of cost element” i. user has the option to create related cost element by himself w. Controlling integration “manual creation of cost elements” i. repeat. you must specify an account group. & it will save.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling be changed and the changed length will be applicable to new G/L a/c s created thereafter. related cost element is automatically created on saving the G/L a/c if a default value for the cost element category has already been set for this cost element o Assign Co Code to COA : assign.e.r. Define Account Groups • • → → • • AS When creating a G/L account. the connection between the account in the worldwide standard chart of accounts . 12 by Harnath . This would be needed in the following two circumstances: → → where usage of country chart of accounts is required by law in some countries. no G/L Account can be created. This should not be allowed by SAP. from a/c to a/c which will decide the no range for the GL a/c. The account group determines: the Interval in which the account number can be created using FS00 which Fields are ‘Required’. and the entry screens for which dbl click & a/c control. and the account in the country chart of accounts can be set up o Define A/c Group : COA. A/c group – name.used by the parent company. doc entry etc – Supress / Reqd / Optional. Account groups for G/L accounts are based on the chart of accounts SAP has defined 5 standard Account Groups CASH GL MAT PL RECN o Define Retained Earnings A/c : Like a P&L a/c to collect & carry forward. Assign Chart of Accounts to Company Code Unless a Chart of Accounts is assigned. Activity : Assign ABCD (ABCCO – Plant) ABCD (ABCCO Chart of Accounts)  Note : There is an option of assigning Country COA also in addition to Co Code specific COA. [ Enter X {table populated} & 900000 ] If it gives error message.e. ‘Optional’ and ‘Suppressed’ when creating and changing master data.

SAP standard Retained Earnings a/c INT Sample Chart of Accounts (by SAP) GKR German Standard Accounting System (used by 0001) IKR Chart of Accounts – Industry CAIN Chart of Accounts – India 900000 900000 332000 11610000 (this activity is done using an account assignment key ‘X’) i. At the end of a fiscal year. the system carries forward the balance of the P&L account to the retained earnings account. FS00 Edit G/L Accounts (Centrally) → Both Chart of Accounts & Company coed data can be edited FSPO Edit Chart of Accounts data 13 by Harnath . Language. Open Item Mgmt [will allow open item mgmt like for GR/IR clg] • Create Bank Int : Field status group. Taxation. whether P&L or B/S item. incomes & expenses of previous period cannot be brought forward. IMG > Financial Accounting > General Ledger Accounting > G/L Accounts > Master Records > G/L Account Creation & Processing > Edit G/L Account (Individual Processing) Edit G/L A/c (Individual Processing) A G/L Account has two parts : → → Chart of Accounts data – Name of G/L account. House Bank. Financial Planning aspect. A/c Id • Fin Stat Version for Reporting : for statutory reporting. Text [enter some text ] • Control Data : INR. You can define one or more P&L statement account types per chart of accounts and assign them to retained earnings accounts. P&L/BS. P&L Stat X G/L a/c 11610000 o Individual Procesing : GL A/c Creation & Processing/ Edit GL A/c [INDIVIDUAL PROCESSING]/ Edit GL Ac Centrally • FS00 : Edit GL a/c centrally • Screens : Type desc : A/c group. etc. Tax Category.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Define Retained Earnings Account You assign a retained earnings account to each P&L account by specifying a P&L statement account type in the chart of accounts area of each P&L account. Tolerance Group. Field Status Group. Posting w/o tax allowed.e. etc Company code data – Currency. SAP has kept this activity in main IMG (instead of leaving it on implementer to create in FS00 mode) becoz unless this is defined.

so it is important to remember the latest Doc no pr obtain it from the list. it is possible to Post with reference. FB50 can also be use to recall AAM thru Header/Environment/Complex posting etc. CAN BE USED FOR REVERSAL POSTINGS ALSO.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling → Edit Company code data Only Chart of Accounts data can be edited FSSO Only Company code data can be edited → o List of A/c created : Info/GL Reports/Master Data S_ALR_87012326 for COA. Recalling Account Assignment Model : Before recalling an Account Assignment Model. Use F-02 for entry & recall the AAM from top button. annual payments at fixed point of time in an year which may include pre-paid expenses. Post with reference will auto return the latest DOC no. First create and then go to line items by icon Q [can also be created from FB50 [use F-02 wef 470] & header edit option].  Note: This function is used to pass entries where specific and pre-defined %s are allocated to various G/L accounts (expenses or income or any other item) out of a gross Expense or Income for which a G/L document has to entered. This allows you to call back the document. G/L Documents Entry FB50 & F-02   Note: F-02 is basic SAP G/L Document entry screen where each Dr. “equivalence to” “calculate tax” to pre-define % allocation to G/L accounts to allow SAP to calculate tax automatically on line items. eg. In case of equivalence enter dr & cr items etc. 14 by Harnath . The entire entry can e prepared & stored under a variant name [ xxyyzz etc ]. it should have been created via Document Entry > Reference Document (FKMT). o Account Assignment Model : FKMT . are entered in separate running screens. gives you the option of post with reference. While FB50 is fast entry screen where in one screen only all transactions can be entered. It can be created independently or with reference to some existing Model. Note: F-02 besides the normal entry screen. & Cr. where the various a/c’s are denoted in %age terms & when the entry is called. hence dr/cr need not tally. Equivalence is like a %age. S_ALR_87012347 for Doc Extract. The entry is stored but not saved. the amounts get distributed.like a template. [SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > General Ledger > Information Systems > G/L Reports > Master Data > Chart of Accounts] Chart of Accounts List (& FS00 details) G/L Accounts List (with properties) S_ALR_87012326 S_ALR_87012328 [SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > General Ledger > Information Systems > G/L Reports > Document > General > Document items extract] Document Item Extract (statement of entries) S_ALR_87012347 [SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > General Ledger > Account] G/L Account Balances (Ledger Balances) FS10N o Post with Reference : SAP/A/C/FA/GL/DocEntry/Others under F-02 general posting.

FICONOTES

:

A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling

Note: While passing G/L Doc using Acct Assgn Model, only gross dr & cr amount has to be entered and “on saving” it calculates the %s automatically and brings to the F-02 screen.

o Sample Document : F-01 this is a document which can be prepared and stored for future use. Dr/Cr need not tally. The entry is not saved. Recall with reference & complete. o Recurring Document : FBD1 • Scheduled to run on a particular date. The amounts have to be known & predefined. [ repetitive sales entry etc ] • The document is scheduled to run on a particular date within the 1st & last run & an interval. Transfer amounts in local currency KEEP ON. A run schedule can also be setup. Here the run date is very important & must be remembered. To find run date use Lists – F.15 GL/Periodic processing/Recurring entries Execute F.14 / Lists F.15. • When you execute, after entering only the necessary parameters [ 1st run etc ] at  [process], you will get a message that a session has been created. If the params are incorrect, the session will not be created. • To run the session, from header System/services/batch input/sessions select & process [in background] [sm35] • Instead of processing above, you can also save as variant, which can be recalled when a job is created. [The variant saves the parameters defined. Hence a new parameter is required everytime. Execute thru sessions]
Recurring Document FBD1 If certain transactions appear periodically, and is same in all respect viz amount, Recurring Document feature allows such entry to be made automatically at regular interval. First Run time, Last Run time and interval is defined while creating a Recurring document. Document type need to be specified. i.e, all types of entries can be passed thru Recurring document feature. Recurring documents can be Viewed (FBD3), Changed (FBD2), Deleted (F.56) and Changes be displayed (FBD4)

o Document Parking : SAP/A/c/FA/GL/Doc Entry • FV50 [ use F-02 wef 470 ] - edit or park G/L Doc • F-65 - gen doc parking [ posting ] clear with FBV0

The document is parked with a sys generated doc no, but not posted. Hence it will not appear in the reports like Doc Extract etc. When FV50 is used with select parked doc [header], you can change the figures, but you can save only if Dr=Cr. For parking the Dr need not = Cr. [ Useful to leave an entry halfway. ] When saved, the entry is still not posted. Use post to close the issue. To clear F-65 parking goto Parked Documents under Documents & clear with FBV0.
FV50

Parking of G/L Documents

A G/L Document can be parked for purposes like capturing of transaction in run-time but posting is desired later say, after thorough verification by a senior. Various features of Parked Documents are as follows:

⇒Transaction recorded but not posted

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FICONOTES

:

A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling

⇒Dr. & Cr. need not be tallied for saving Parked documents. ⇒All Parked documents can be Viewed (FBV3), Changed (FBV2) and Posted (FBV0) ⇒All changes in Parked document can be viewed thru Display Changes (FBV5) ⇒Parked Documents, no longer relevant, can be refused thru Refuse Parked Documents (FBV6)

 

Note: Parked Docs can also be “Saved as Completed” i.e, all ‘Preparation’, ‘Completion’ and ‘Posting’ function can be segregated for different authorities. Note: If the entry screen is in some other Company’s environment, it can be changed thru “Edit” menu on header (as against “Environment” in some other cases).

PERIOD END CLOSING • IMG/FA/GLA/Business Transactions/Closing o Valuating - define valuation areas, valuation methods & prepare automatic postings for foreign currency valuations. o Regrouping - define valuation areas, define adjustment accounts for GR/IR clearing [for goods recd, invoice not recd etc], o Documenting - define financial statement versions [BAIN for India] o Reporting - sales/purchases tax returns etc o CarryForwarding - define retained earnings account SAP/AC/FA/GL/Periodic Processing/Closing/
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A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling

o Check/Count - F.03 Comparison gives a list of differences due to documents not posted etc if any. o Valuate - F.05 foreign currency valuation o Regroup - F.19 GR/IR clearing o Document - audit trails o Report - Balance sheet, Profit & Loss etc o Carrying Forward - F.16 balance carry forward

CHART OF ACCOUNTS [ OB13 ] 1. Create a company from scratch, : IMG/ES/DEF/FA : o Define Company o Define,copy,delete,check co code : copy org object, change currency

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posting period. SAP asks for if the G/L Accounts company code data is also to be copied ? This should be done only when the source & target companies both come under the same group and uses the same Chart of Account & G/L Account company code data. though in realtime. Company code data pertaining to G/L Account. 2. If any other Chart of Accounts is to be used by the target company.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Edit. Address & other information are configured w. Further configuration shall be at other places but the concept is that those will be specific to a Company code. Company Code – One can also copy any existing company code data to a new company code. In case of copying from some existing Company Code all Variants eg.r. Copy. Delete. take care to change the details accordingly. i. Company Code • Edit Company Code data – Here separate companies are defined within one Company (i. Copy. by giving a new name of target Company. other company code data are – fiscal year variants. it is created from the opening trial balance. Note: While copying.e. Note: However if copy function is used without defining a Company code first (as above).t the Company Code. taxes allowed or not. Configuration can be made at the company code level for things which are specific to the company code apart from the general configuration done at Company level. Otherwise first G/L Accounts company code data has to be deleted via IMG > FA > GL Accounting > GL Accounts > Master Records > Deletion and then any other Chart of Accounts & G/L Account company code data be assigned / copied to the target company. a Group. IMG / FA / GL / Master Records : Chart of accounts can be copied for simplicity. company code data (various parameters) of source company are not properly copied to the target company code. etc. •    Note: If copy function is used after a company code has been defined earlier (as above). schedules to the annual accounts etc. Field Status variant. etc (defined at various places) gets copied as is available with the source company. document no ranges. Chart of Accounts & G/L Accounts Company code data should be copied at IMG > FA > GL Accounting > GL Accounts > Master Records > GL Account Creation & Processing > Alternative Methods (Here 'copy company code data’ means company code data pertaining to G/L Accounts only). Fiscal Period. as defined above) for which separate accounting is being done. etc. SAP copies the address & other details of the source company. Becoz by saying ‘yes’ here would allow SAP to copy Chart of Accounts & G/L Accounts as used by the source Company. Or any existing company code data can be changed / deleted. o Assign Co Code to Company.  Note: G/L Account company code data means G/L accounts and all settings pertaining to G/L accounts viz reconciliation a/c. Posting Period. Check. FSVs.e. 18 by Harnath . Check. So. Delete. Here Name. Document No ranges.

only then G/L Account data can be deleted and Chart of Account de-assigned) • o Copy Co Code G/L A/c’s from 0001 : [ OBY2 ] copy. The COA is copied.c Creation & Proc/Alternative Methods : o Copy COA [ OBY7 ] – normally copied from INT. so that the co code data for the COA can be copied. Therefore DELETE GL A/C WITH GENERAL MASTER DATA IN CO CODE -----. Group COA BLANK ] 5. Deletion : As the co code data is not copied. Target COA must be NEW.e. SAP copies Chart of Accounts associated with the source company.e G/L accounts (but not company code data pertaining to a G/L accounts) can be copied from an existing Chart of Accounts respectively. Delete Chart of Accounts : Chart of Accounts can only be deleted if it is not assigned to any company. or after assignment.[ OB62 ] [Check COA by editing where necessary – Manual Creation of Cost Elements. The program does not delete the chart of accounts section of a G/L account if the account is also a primary cost element in Controlling. You can delete cost elements using program RKSCUS03. the existing co code data must be deleted. IMG > Financial Accounting > General Ledger Accounting > G/L Accounts > Master Records > Deletions • Delete G/L Accounts : Deletion here means deletion of G/L Account company code data.  Note: This function can only be done for a new COA (not an existing one). → You can only delete master records of G/L accounts that do not contain any transaction data. If these data are not deleted. but remember to assign the copied COA to the company code first and tehn proceed to copy company code data (why – see the note below) Copy Company Code : Here G/L Account Company code data can be copied from an existing company code similar to the type being created. It is possible to delete a COA. Assign Co Code to COA . if no entry has passed (i. (both of the above functions saves the user to define everything from the scratch)  Note: G/L Accounts are always in relation to a Chart of Account. if no data is entered. and it is not assigned. the concerned Chart of Accounts cannot be de-assigned. 4. IMG > Financial Accounting > General Ledger Accounting > G/L Accounts > Master Records > G/L Account Creation & Processing > Alternative Methods Copy Chart of Accounts : Here Chart of Accounts i. so when G/L Account company code data is copied either at IMG stage while copying Company code or here without creating and assigning a required Chart of Accounts.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 3. and hence it partakes all the parameters of that Chart of Account. or can also be defined independently via FSSO. GL A. but not the co code data like variants etc. [Message of Diff COA is ok] 19 by Harnath .

[ OBD4 ] o Define Retained Earnings A/c : Like a P&L a/c to collect & carry forward. To get rid of the characteristics. from a/c to a/c. o Title “Z---“ & save. & it will save. o Enter program name & transfer from recording. [ Use F8 to run.[ OB53 ] o Individual Procesing : SAP / A/C / FA / GL / MASTER RECORDS / INDIVIDUAL PROCESSING • FS00 : Edit GL a/c centrally • Screens : Type desc : A/c group. and you can change the a/c no & other fields are entered auto. o On process as mentioned earlier. Useful for “Posting w/o tax allowed etc etc “. o Select local object [message is program was created. Batch Data Communication : /NSHDB o New recording . o FS00 scr comes up. Tax Category. House Bank. [ FSP1 / FSP2 / FSP3 ] o Change GL A/c Collectively : Mass maintenance where a lot of a/c’s can be changed one shot. Field status for a/c control – Supress / Reqd / Optional. Master Records o Preparation : Edit COA List : Desc. 7. P&L/BS. If it gives error message. Any other field left blank. Lang. Posting w/o tax allowed. Selection thru top left icon &  & . o Save recording. and give data file on server details ]. o You can then generate & activate & test the prg thru the program option [top]. put a “ “ on the top line. & to check use .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 6. a small window opens. o On test you can process thru batch or call trans as above. wil be updated as “ “ in all such fields. . Text [enter some text ] • Control Data : INR. o On save. Pass a sample entry & save. A/c Id • Fin Stat Version for Reporting : for statutory reporting. 20 by Harnath . Manual Creation of Cost Element. repeat.ZFS00 o Trancode FS00 . • Create Bank Int : Field status group.start recording. or create a program thru the program button [top]. o /NSHDB o You can either run the process by Process Button [top]. Length [10].] o On selection you can view the source code. o Define A/c Group : COA. o You can change the source code. the recorded code comes up. A/c group – name. Hence deselect all such fields which need not be changed. .

Hence for one entry. as the a/c is created in both companies. will result in an entry to that a/c. even though the expense a/c of another co is given. it is like inter-company a/c. When a transaction is entered. and the system automatically generates clearing entries between both company codes. and in the 2nd co. These clearing entries represent the receivables and payables between company codes which result from central purchasing or payment. say 149999 for inter-company transactions in both the companies that will be debited & credited depending upon the nature of transactions i. You can use cross-company code entry to minimize the number of entries for posting this payment. Ensure that co code is entered in the appropriate line entry. [ New Co Code in F-02 ]. BUV – clearing against 2 co codes. with the pool a/c bearing the other effect in both co codes. Then while in data entry F-02 . then you can specify only G/L accounts as the clearing accounts. in the 1st co the default cross co code will be picked up. However.e. if the company code for which you are posting these items is an external one. and pass one entry in any one co code. You can setup pool a/c’s in both companies. IMG > Financial Accounting > General Ledger Accounting > Business Transactions > Prepare crossco codes transactions One can define the accounts for the clearing entries the system makes when posting cross-company code transactions.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o Cross Co Transactions : IMG/FA/GLA/BT/PREPARE CROSS CO CODE TRANSACTIONS : From to is not important. Dr/Cr for the same a/c. Customers sometimes make payment to the wrong company in a group of affiliated companies. The line where the cross co code is mentioned. Activity : Create one pool account (G/L a/c). note the following : Situation : Co MRCM receiving payments on behalf of MRCD from the customer (say 2935) of MRCD 1st line item entry 2nd line item entry MRCD) 40 (dr for SA doc) 113100 (Bank a/c in MRCM) 2935 (customer acct no in 15 (cr for incoming pymts) (also put MRCD in ‘other co code’ field in case of second line item) now this will suitably be reflected in both the companies as follows : MRCM 40 dr 113100 amount 15 MRCD cr 40 2935 dr 149999 amount amount 50 cr (recvable) 149999 amount (payable) (SAP presents dr & cr in increasing order of numbers) 21 by Harnath . You can specify G/L accounts as well as customer and vendor accounts for clearing between company codes. two sets of entries are passed in 2 companies. the other effect will be borne by the default code. you debit your bank account (company code 1) and credit the customer account (company code 2). In doing so.

Post with reference will auto return the latest DOC no. This allows you to call back the document. [ 1st run etc ] at  [process]. Equivalence is like a %age. hence dr/cr need not tally. you will get a message that a session has been created. The entire entry can e prepared & stored under a variant name [ xxyyzz etc ]. o Account Assignment Model : FKMT . the session will not be created. S_ALR_87012347 for Doc Extract. [ repetitive sales entry etc ] • The document is scheduled to run on a particular date within the 1st & last run & an interval.15 GL/Periodic processing/Recurring entries Execute F. First create and then go to line items by icon Q [can also be created from FB50 [ use F-02 wef 470 ] & header edit option]. so it is important to remember the latest Doc no pr obtain it from the list. • To run the session. Here the run date is very important & must be remembered.14 / Lists F. Recall with reference & complete. The entry is stored but not saved. where the various a/c’s are denoted in %age terms & when the entry is called. o Post with Reference : SAP/A/C/FA/GL/DocEntry/Others under F-02 general posting. • When you execute. from header System/services/batch input/sessions select & process [in background] [sm35] 22 by Harnath . the amounts get distributed. settlement period.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o Reconciliation A/c : Control account 140000 for Customers.like a template. FB50 can also be use to recall AAM thru Header/Environment/Complex posting etc. Use F-02 for entry & recall the AAM from top button. which should coincide with run date and user. Dr/Cr need not tally.15. A run schedule can also be setup. To find run date use Lists – F. If the params are incorrect. [ FBD1 Enter company code. after entering only the necessary parameters. fiscal year. o Sample Document : F-01 this is a document which can be prepared and stored for future use. o List of A/c created : Info/GL Reports/Master Data S_ALR_87012326 for COA. 160000 for Vendors. it is possible to Post with reference. o Recurring Document : FBD1 • Scheduled to run on a particular date. The amounts have to be known & predefined. The entry is not saved. In case of equivalence enter dr & cr items etc.

When executing a recurring entry giving the Run Schedule will enable pickup of Run Dates specified. but not posted. Hence a new parameter is required everytime. Execute thru sessions] • A job can be created in 2 ways : o Defining a task : GL/Periodic Processing/Schedule Manager SCMA When you click on schedule manager.gen doc parking [ posting ] clear with FBV0 The document is parked with a sys generated doc no. Use post to close the issue. [The variant saves the parameters defined. at the header ENVIRONMENT will allow activation of the Job Wizard to create a JOB. you can change the figures. which can be recalled when a job is created.edit or park G/L Doc • F-65 . Clicking TASK LIST will allow you to create a task. Hence it will not appear in the reports like Doc Extract etc.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Instead of processing above. When FV50 is used with select parked doc [header]. ] When saved. o JOB WIZARD : At the SCMA stage. you can also save as variant. For parking the Dr need not = Cr. o Recurring Entries [different dates] : IMG/FA/FaGLOBAL/DOCUMENT/REC_ENTRIES/Define_Run_Schedule Enter Run Dates. the header will have an option TASK LIST. o Document Parking : SAP/A/c/FA/GL/Doc Entry • FV50 [ use F-65 wef 470 ] .14 o [an external prg can also be used which SAP will recognize thru BAPI [Bus Appli Prog Interface]  Variant[new] XYZREC1 [created earlier]  JOB XYZJOB [now created] o Recurring entries therefore have to be run on a particular date. Give run schedule name & save. To clear F-65 parking goto Parked Documents under Documents & clear with FBV0.  Task List XYZTKL [ create ]  Transaction F. • 23 by Harnath . Without Run Date. the session will not be created. the entry is still not posted. but you can save only if Dr=Cr. [ Useful to leave an entry halfway.

t the Company Code. Define doc types for Cash Journal Docs .copy from 0001. Though CJ code shows a pop-up button. Define No range & interval for Cash Journal documents [ FBCJC1 ] . assignment) ‘on’ ‘yes’ 2. Create GL a/c for Cash Journal – Ensure post automatically is on. 24 by Harnath . Petty Cash) and code (any numeric or character) is given to the Cash Journal w. Customers. even receipt of customer cheques is also allowed. DZ Customer Receipt.SK [other doc types SA GL. Set up Cash Journal Here a name (usu. Give a Cash Journal Code b. Various code for GL A/c’s. KZ Vendor Payment] [ OBA7 ] 3.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling CASH JOURNAL IMG/FA/BANK A/C / BUS TRANS/ CASH JOURNAL 1. 4. Petty cash items are entered thru Cash Journal while in some cases. [ 100000 Petty Cash A/c ] IMG > Financial Accounting > Bank Accounting > Business Transaction > Cash Journal Create G/L Accounts for Cash Journal It refers to the activity at FS00. Vendors. so that posting can take place automatically.r. is 100000 Important settings are: FSV Post automatically Relevant to Cash Flow G001 (with text. no CJ code is available as it is created here only. So give any code desired and save. Setup cash journal : [ FBCJC0 ] a. SAP standard Petty Cash a/c no.

B payment ot bank GL a/c -------c. C receipts from bank GL a/c ------b. 7.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling One Cash Journal can be maintained for one currency type. output device – LP01. you must specify an account group.SAP/A/c/FA/GL/Doc Entry . Posting .[Bus partner is a customer who is also a vendor] o Define A/c Groups with Screen Layout : Edit field status (Cust) [ OVT0] IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Customer Accounts > Master Data > Preparations Define Account Groups with screen layout (customers) Account Groups are defined to → → → the interval for the account numbers whether the number is assigned internally by the system or externally by the user (type of number assignment) which fields are ‘mandatory’. as they will be different for A/P. Create. ‘optional’ or ‘suppressed’ when creating and changing master records (field status) – this will depend on the type of customer a/c i. 6. R Sales For vendors & Customers. but as they are linked to GL a/c’s.e. However if one want to maintain more than one currency in the same Cash Journal. a. customer to whom goods are sold/delivered/billed (these may be different persons)  Note: Here status of fields (FSV) are defined in each ‘Account Group’ created i. if it is a one-time customer. Delete Business Transactions [ FBCJC2 ] : These tran types can be copied.e. then. by Harnath . Change. 5. whereas FSV at co code level relates to transactions with the customers. A/R. as previously. it is not that FSV as defined at IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Document > Line Items > Controls (which is assigned to the company code) Difference : FSV here relates to Customer master database. GL a/c’s need not be given.  25 Note: If you do not specify a reference account group. These can be accessed at FBCJ. G/L Account for Cash Journal should not have “Post Automatically On” (FS00). When creating a customer account. You can specify a reference account group under "Control" in the "General data" part of any customer account's master data. Setup Print params [ FBCJC3 ]– copy from 0001. change as reqd.Cash Journal Posting FBCJ ACCOUNTS RECEIVABLE [will require INT COA] • IMG/FA/AR&AP/Customer A/c’s/Master Records/Preparation for creation/ Customer Master Record preparation.

etc: Sold To Party Ship To Party Bill To Party Output For Payer DB0001 DB0002 DB0004 DB0003 One can define his own Account Group.  Note: Account groups once assigned to a customer master & transactions entered cannot be de-assigned.) CPD One-time Cust (ext no.e. o Define Screen Layout for Co Code : Dunning – SAP term for sending reminders to customers.  Note: This function should be used only in exceptional circumstances. but “Output Determination Procedure” has to be selected out of the above. As many as 22 SAP standard settings are available: Sold To Party Goods Recipient Payer Bill To Party KUNA. and it specified whether it is a one-time account 0001 0002 0003 0004 One-time Cust (int no. FSV settings can be changed for a specific Company code. Invoices.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling all fields of the customer’s account screen are ready for input during document entry. procedure to control output say.) CPDA Customer (general) Customer (ext no. Company code data and Sales data” are set as per the requirement. Address. etc.  Note: The reconciliation account field is defined as a required field since a reconciliation account must also be specified for the one-time accounts. Language. …. o Define Screen Layout per Activity Define Screen Layout per Activity (customer) This IMG activity relates to creation of Customers.r. Here only Company code data (as defined at Account Group level) can be changed.t General Data. This field is company code-dependent. Define Screen layout per Company code (customer) Within a general setting for an Account Group. For each Account Group: → → → an “Output Determination Procedure” is assigned. set FSVs as required. 26 by Harnath . specific “FSV Parameters w. Three options are available to create customers: Document Entry Create customer (Accounting) FD01 Create customer (Sales) VD01 Create customer (Centrally) XD01 General data Address : Only General & Company Code data Only General & Sales data All of three Name. Normally this requirement is controlled thru Account Groups (above) only.) DEBI etc There are 5 SAP defined “Output Determination Procedure” i. but FSV (earlier data relating to these fields remain intact) and number ranges can be changed later.

7] : : : : : : Tax information. address of business partners (agents. 24410000 / Payment: Correspond Insurance Cash mgmt group [cash flow] Value adjustment key [foreign exchange closing valuation] Interest indicator. A/R Pledging indicator. ….6c. Creation of customer. in real-time. Interest cycle. Bill-too-party. you should use the internal number assignment. price group. Shipping conditions. …. etc) : Sales office. : Ship-to-party. Payment history record key. : Reconciliation account. customer classification. Therefore the account numbers no longer have to be "mnemonic". …. …. for eg. and details relevant to FI can be fed by Finance deptt via FD02. …. The SAP system offers a number of help functions to determine an account number. transportation zone. one can have separate no ranges for separate Account groups.. : Terms of payment. o Assign No Ranges Assign Number Ranges to Customer Account Groups One type of Number range can be assigned to many Account Groups. Goods receiving hours. …. originate from Sales & Distribution deptt. …. last interest run. …. [imp – 140000 in 4. …. 27 by Harnath . Payment methods. Industry.e. Or. • o Define Industries o Create No Ranges [ XDN1 ] Create Number Ranges for Customer Accounts SAP standard Number ranges are available. ….  Note: External number assignment useful if you transfer master data from a pre-system or an existing system. customer are created under one of the Account groups. … Terms of Payment. Tolerance Group. output tax classification. : Amount insured. However one can change range interval and status (external or internal) as per requirement. : Dunning.  • Note: FSV parameters can be defined for any of these activity and is a general specification for creation of all Customer. Any different requirement regarding the fields in relation to any customer or class of customer. In all other cases. …. …. Bank details.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Control data Payment Marketing Unloading pts Export data Contact details Sales data Orders Shipping : Billing doc Partner funct Company code data Account mgmt 24600000 in 4. currency. Suppressing redundant details in case of one-time customers. Data for export control. Interest. The help functions include the ‘matchcode’ or the ‘Previous acct no’ field in the customer/vendor master record. Account groups are linked with each of the customer (not co code) in its master record i. etc can further be controlled through FSV for ‘Account Groups’.

where a box is used to deposit cheques.e.  Decentralized processing will send correspondence to branch office.  Insurance details 28 by Harnath . Another field “probable time until check is paid” refers to realization time i. Define Accounts Receivable Pledging Indicator You use the accounts receivable factoring indicator to select customer master records and line items within a company code to participate in the factoring procedure. and the bank/agency does the depositing.  Probable time till check is paid .  Interest calculation – Last date will enable interest calculation from date mentioned. Before this factoring procedure must have been activated for the co code via IMG > Financial Accounting Global Settings > Company Code > Activate Accounts Receivable Factoring Procedure per Company Code.  Lock box – prevalent in US. 3 days for local clg will give an accurate cash forecast. • Known/negotiated/leave holidays can be used to avoid invoice generation on such dates and avoid disputes in delayed payments.  Payment advice notes  Selection rule  Dunning for reminders : can be blocked where not reqd in case of long overdues.  Last interest run date on which interest was last run. all areas XD01]  FD02 Change  FD03 Display  Search item CUST for searching  Authorization group is a user defined field for analysis  Customers bank data is to print customers bank details on the receipts  Reconciliation account is 140000  Sort key 001 by posting date  Head office of the customer  Cash management group for cash flow  Value adjustment key for closing valuation of F/E valuation.  Payment date [actually meant for Vendors] • Only cash discount allowed • Bill of exchange terms 0001 immediate. but a weekly invoice etc. o SAP/A/c/FA/AR&AP/Master Records :  FD01 Create [ with sales areas VD01. to indicate realization time & give better cash flow [assume no bill discounting]. The AR pledging indicator should be activated to allow PDC to be accounted on the date mentioned.  “Slowly changing dimension “ to denote the details of a customer are slowly changing and hence the need to maintain a payment history etc. where legal action taken etc  Collective invoice – no individual invoice.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o Define A/R pledging indicator 1 = open.

at least one tolerance group – ‘blank’ must be defined] Note: A ‘Payment term’ or a ‘Dunning key’ can also be assigned to tolerance group for posting residual items from payment differences. ex-works 0001 i. IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Incoming Payments > Manual Incoming Payments Define Tolerances (Customer) In this step. orders. The handling of the terms of payment for residual items. SAP/A/c/AR/Document Entries o FB70 . [i.Incoming payment o F-26 .Invoice entries [ use F-22 wef 470 ] o F-28 . billing has been created but not printed/sent) doesn’t reflect in those documents except ‘address’. specify the following: • • Tolerances up to which differences in payment are posted automatically to expense or revenue accounts when clearing open items. Other things have to be manually altered. International i. Change Customer (Accounting) Change Customer (Sales) FD02 VD02  Note: Any change in the customer master after some docs (say. For each tolerance group.e. if they are to be posted during clearing   • Note: Tolerance group created with ‘blank’ applies to all customers (as it is defined for a company code) to whom any specific tolerance group is not assigned. deliveries.e. Blank 140000 i.e.e. you specify the tolerances for customers. Immediate ‘ ’ i. If any specific group is defined. Allocate a tolerance group to each customer via the master record.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Create Customer (Accounting) Example settings: Sort key Terms of payment Tolerance Group Reconciliation a/c Create Customer (Sales) Example settings: Shipping Point Tolerance level Calendar 99 Inco Terms EXW Payment terms Acct assignment group Create Customer (Centrally) FD01 Posting date 0001 i.e. immediate 01 i. it must be assigned to a customer account via ‘master record’. These tolerances are used for dealing with differences in payment and residual items which can occur during payment settlement.e. domestic revenues XD01 All the fields available in both VD01 & VD01 can be entered here.e.Payment fast entry SALES ORDER 29 CREDI T LIMI T DELIVER Y BILLING by Harnath . Sales a/c VD01 Only complete delivery Unlimited tolerance i.e.

Display balances [drill down] o FD11 . after the invoice is created. This can be due to not defining tolerance groups. which can be analysed thru SE17. o ARAP/Account o FD10N . If however the payment does not tally with the invoice. but display all different receipts till final adjustment. give table no and get lists by  . Adjustments & Statements Incoming Payments [SAP Menu > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Document Entries] Incoming Payments Payment Fast Entry F-28 F-26   Note: Incoming payment can also be processed by F-06 under GL Doc entry.7 version)  G/L a/c.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling BLOCKIN G ANALY SIS SALES A/C 800000 DATA ENTRY – Sales Invoices Entering outgoing Invoices FB70 (4. However it would be necessary to ‘Clear’ these payments received. DATA ENTRY – Incoming Payments. SAP will not adjust. Note: Reconciliation a/c defined in FD01 serves as a link between Invoice and Sales • Incoming Payment : Bank 113100 Customers a/c xxxx.Analysis For incoming payments F-26/28.6c version) F-22 (4. It will bring up the amount in blue colour. which need not be done under F-28 / F-26. as the payment is already received against a specific invoice. but does not get processed as an open item. which comes by default) Note: Incoming payment can also be handled under FBCJ – cash journal. it is possible that the amount appears in display FD10N.Another 30 by Harnath . (remember to change a/c type ‘D’ – customers instead of S – GL. An error message will be displayed giving table no. Optionally you can go for auto search based on amount.

o Incoming payment can also be processed by F-06 under GL Doc entry. Complete the assignment & save.  SAP/Ac/FA/AR/Ac/Assignment 31 by Harnath . which comes by default. By keeping a residual amount as not posted.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling reason could be IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/IP/AutoIP/Payment Method/Setup all co codes/ Select co & details : FP/FPJ Customer/Vendor types. Customer Balances [SAP Menu > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Account] Display Customer Account Balances Analyse Customer Account Balances Clear (incoming Payments under FBCJ) FD10N FD11 F-32  • • • • Note: While clearing incoming payments. as the payment is already received. Distribution of residual items – possible based on reason codes. However it would be necessary to clear these payments received. all items appear. FB17 Edit Assigned items • Clearing o o To clear incoming payments received under FBCJ. Residual items – allow a residual amount to be kept and the rest is assigned. The assigned items will go. and then posting is possible. it is possible to keep the amount not assigned 0. Next select the assigned items and clear. SAP/A/c/FA/AR/Account F-32 clear. o Incoming payment can also be handled under FBCJ – cash journal.  Charge to expense a/c. which cannot be done under F-28. This will bring you to a partial payment screen. Select the one for assignment & “ASSIGN”. When clearing payments it is possible to :  Partial payment : Diff posted can be used to make the amount not assigned as 0. The diff amt becomes an open item with current date. Charge to expense a/c – it is possible to charge off amounts not assigned to expenses like cash discount etc. use F-32/FB15. the following are possible: Partial payment – Diff posted can be used to make the amount not assigned as 0. with predefined reason codes. By keeping a residual amount as not posted. and then posting is possible. with predefined reason codes. it is possible to keep the amount not assigned 0. or [SAP Menu > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Account > Assignment] Assignment of open items FB15  Note: On using FB15. Next return to FB15 & confirm.  Residual items allow a residual amount to be kept and the rest is assigned. only A/c type should be changed to D – customers instead of S –GL. : it is possible to charge off not assigned amounts to expenses like cash discount etc.  Distribution of residual items : possible based on reason codes.

08. The assigned items will go. • • Payment Advices o SAP/Ac/FA/AR/Doc Entry/Payment Advice  FBE1 Create – payment advice no comes by default. all items appear. Next select the assigned items and clear.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling  FB15 asssign/clear open items. [you can use difference postings to create a new o/s ] • FB17 edit assigned items.Spl GL Transactions o Vendors FP o Customers FPJ 32 by Harnath .15 etc. etc] FB12 F. This will bring you to a partial payment screen. Down Payments : like an advance. made and cleared after raising an invoice under which it is adjusted. Next return to FB15 & confirm. customers. SAP08.64 [SAP06.64 maintain SAP06 etc which when dbl clicked will produced stat of a/c thru LP01. Payment advices can be created for different payments. Special groups for GL o A Down Payment o B Bill of exchange receivable o C Rent deposit o E Reserve for Bad Debts o F Down payment request Down payments require certain params to enable clearing. Corresspondence • FB12 request for stat of a/c SAP06.  S_ALR_87012203 payment advice overview. Select the one for assignment & “ASSIGN”. Statement of Accounts [SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Account > Correspondence] Request (for statement of Customers’ a/c) Maintain (gives the print-out of above) SAP15. • F. Complete the assignment & save. On using FB15. They have to be requested. • IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/Outgoing Payments/Auto OP/Payment Method/ Bank selection for payment Programs o Set up all co codes o Set up the vendors. Enter amount & save. Credit memo can be adjusted with any/specific invoices.  FBE2 Change  FBE3 Display  Payment advice F4 & execute to get a list.

received and cleared after raising an invoice under which it is adjusted.e. Down Payments [SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Down Payment]  Note: like an advance. To speed up data entry. o F-39 Clearing of down payments. then save.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Incoming Payments > Auto Incoming Payments > Payment Method / Bank Selection Set up All Company Codes for Payment transactions In this activity. ensure A/c no. you make specifications for all company codes involved in payment transactions. [other important settings w.t Incoming Payments are discussed under Accounts Payable which are similar and relevant to Accounts Receivable also] • SAP/FA/AR/DocEntry/DownPayment o F-37 The down payment created thru a request is available under FD10N under special GL list[after creating downpayments with F-29]. o An AAM can be created for every product type.. Cash discount and (difference) tolerance limits Specify which special G/L transactions are to be settled for customers and vendors. & the appropriate codes fed into line items. Enter cust no. For each company code. Vendors F Down payment request P Payment request Customers F P J Down payment request Payment request Advance Payment Request  Note: This activity is pre-requisite for clearing payments received against open items. They have to be requested. where one co code makes payment for other co codes. This AAM can be recalled at the invoice stage thru Environment/Complex Posting F6.r. keep relevant invoice details etc blank. enter transfer posting amounts & save. you make the following specifications: • • • Paying company code & Sending company code – relevant to cross co-code transactions i. date and amount is entered prior to F6. F-37 F-29 F-39 Request (Down Payment) Down Payment (Receive) Clear (Down Payment) 33 by Harnath . Special groups for GL – ‘A’ Down Payment.

2% dis within 30 days.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • Terms of Payment [ OBB8 ] o IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/Incoming invoices/Cr Memo o Maintain terms of payment : o Base line date is the date to be considered for the calculation of interest. etc) shall be considered after the ‘baseline date’. Changes in standard settings are normally not needed except where • • • a separate help text for a payment term is needed which deviates from the explanations created automatically an account type i. such a case. baseline date is date of invoice i. terms for ‘another part’ of the month has to be by Harnath . Note: ‘day specified based on invoices raised upto In limit’ is used where ‘baseline date’ (due date of payment) is a period range during which invoices are raised. a payment term applies to all account types of the business partner) change the payment conditions for a payment term Terms of payment are defined in the following manner: Paymt Terms 0008 Day limit 15 Expl. terms of payment is assigned to the customers in the master record via the key. becomes immediately due.5%.  Note: One can use the same key for the terms of payment for both customers and vendors who have the same payment terms. 45 days net    34 Note: Terms of payment (discount. etc are defined and stored under a four-character key. net due baseline date on 31st of the month Text 14 days/2%. For all 15th of a month.5% dis within 45 days. eg. 30 days/1.e. But in such a case any changes made for either customer 0r vendor will automatically affect both. due date. due date is 30th of the same month. discounts %s if paid before due date. has to be excluded for a payment term (in the standard system. Note: If day limit is ‘nil’.e. IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Outgoing Invoices and Credit Memos Maintain Terms of payments Terms of Payments i. 1.e. SAP has provided 11 default payment terms types (0001 – 0011). The interest would actually start after the additional months i.e. CR period has elapsed. Hence it is recommended to use different terms of payment keys for customers and vendors and limit the permitted account type correspondingly within the terms of payment. a particular transaction type with a customer. within 14 days.

5% dis within 45 days. Due date is specified by selecting “payment terms” while defining installments – it can be different for different installments. Text Own expl. 30 days/1. Paymt Terms 0008 Day limit 31 Expl. Installment Payment Note: Not more than two discount options are available (even under new Define Terms of Payment for Installments First. 1. It should be remembered here that each installment also has its terms of payment.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling defined for the same payment term (0008 in this case) – see below.  Note: SAP defaults can be altered / new ones created to suite the specific user requirements. 2% dis within 30 days. define a term of payment as above with following parameters: Payable in x installments ‘Blank’ (SAP gives system generated explanation) (do not put any discount %s) ‘on’ Then specify % of installment amounts under IMG activity “Define Terms of Payment for Installment”. 35 by Harnath . Therefore for a 5 installment method. 45 days net double click to get inside for baseline date & payment terms the settings  entry). net due baseline date on 15th of the next month Text 14 days/2%. there will be 6 payment terms. within 14 days.5%.

for which CIN [country India] version is available. Once taxes are defined. level 2 to allow for IN10 etc. In case of specific accounts like sales 800000 the tax code will have to be specified like output tax etc. For exclusive tax. o Condition Types : Type of calc %age etc. as dist to relevant exps like purchase etc ] 36 by Harnath . settings are to be made in the pricing condition for the tax condition type MWST [TAXJ].FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling TAXES [ changes to structures for country version India wef 470 ] SAP 4. mass maintenance “posting w/o tax allowed” to be changed. In FI all taxes are inclusive.e. Tax procedure of Great Britan TAXGB [ TAXINJ wef 470 ] is used. calculate tax will have to be checked  to avoid error messages at saving time. In Master Data screen “delete_fr_DB” choose “DO NOT DELETE” o Check and Change Settings for Tax Processing :   MWS & MW3 for JIN1 & JIN2 [ separate line item ] NVV for JIP1 & JIP2 [non deductible & no separate line item. At the invoice stage also.6C does not have tax capability for Indian Taxation. Condition Type BASB as under : Cond Class Calc type Cond Cat Rounding rule Manual entries Group cond Header cond Item cond Text det proc A B K D Amount/perc On Text id Access sequence Plus /minus o Condition Type MWAS [ JIN1 & JIN2 for CST & LST wef 470 ] Output tax A1 o Condition Type MWVS [ JIP1 & JIP2 for CST & LST wef 470 ] Input tax V1 o Access Sequences : only country & tax codes possible.] tax indicator. [ You can use TAXUSJ for Jurisdiction Taxes ] Other tax statewise in CIN version. IMG/FA/FAGlobal/Tax on Sales & Purchases/ • Basic Settings o Define Proceedures [ FTXP ] o TAXIN [ TAXINJ wef 470 ] Tax Proc for India. MWST [ 36TAXJ with jurisdiction wef 470 & cond cat in cond type should be 2 i.

but in this case. it will result in duplicate taxes being calculated. These a/c keys will integrate SD with FI. discount is net i.e. Fill up only the output tax field o/wise if you enter a value in the input tax. ALABAMA = USMIDALAXXX While specifying the structure DiN i. TxN i. ] has 4 levels.e. Posting o Define tax accounts [ OB40 ] [ 37wef 470 JIN1 Act Key MWS GL 13113400 JIN2 Act Key        MW3 GL 13113410 JIP1 & 2 Act Key NVV GL ]  175000 output tax MWS & 154000 input tax o Define a/c for Exch Rate fluctuations  Loss from currency valuation 230010  Gain from currency valuation 280010 o Assign tax code for Non Taxable transactions  A0 output tax 0%  V0 input tax 0% TAXES WITH JURISDICTION VST IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Basic Settings Check Calculation Procedures Define Access Sequences : SAP has pre-defined 3 Access sequences MWST Tax Indicator (I/O taxes only) 37 by Harnath . the doc date will be considered.2.2]        Country code 2 chars Region code 3 chars State code 3 chars City code 3 chars e.2 JIN1. o Assign company code to document date for tax determination : the posting date is normally considered.2 level 1 was preset instead of level 2] • A1 output tax code 10% A tax type for output tax Tolerance 1 = 1% [for tax differences] MWS output tax ERS sales deal ERL revenue .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o Specify structure with tax jurisdiction code.e.g. It is thus possible to have a code with [TAXINJ . taxes are calculated after discount is adjusted. TAXUSJ [ 37TAXINJ has 2 levels like IN10 etc. taxes are netted [here the department loses revenue] Define Tax Jurisdiction for India TAXIN [ 37TAXINJ with 32 states as per region codes 10 for Karnataka wef 470 ] • Calculation o Define tax codes for Sales & Purchases[37wef 470 CST FIELD NOT ACCESSIBLE as in condition type JIP1.

JT2. CST–C Form Recoverable. CST–C Form Payable. JT8 JR1. 175003 for BED Payable. AED Payable. SED Payable respectively. AED Payable and SED Payable resp. JR2. 175002. CST w/o C Form Payable and LST payable resp. JR7. JT3 JT6. CST w/o C Form Recoverable and LST Recoverable • JR6. AED Recov and SED Recov resp. as it is based on jurisdictions. JR8 resp with “Jurisdiction level 1 or 2”. Define Condition Types : Condition types are made use of for defining Tax Calculation Procedure. BED Recov. We used JR1 condition type of TAXUSJ to define the following condition types: • • • JT1. first check whether G/L accounts and respective accounting keys relevant to all types of taxes have been created (FS00) We created 175001. etc) Jurisdiction in US works as States → jurisdiction depend on taxation in preceding jurisdiction) County → City (Tax in each In India jurisdiction are at horizontal level and there is no vertical jurisdictional dependency. JR2. So Indian jurisdictions can be designed as consisting of one level only. Note the following settings: Status Posting allowed in only Tax category Post Automatically is B/S Item Local currency ‘>’ (Output Tax) “on”  Note: Ensure that Accounting keys relevant to each tax types have been defined under “Check and change Settings for Tax Processing” We used procedure TAXUSJ (call it TAXINJ) with necessary modifications as follows: Step 100 110 120 130 190 Cond Type BASB JT1 JT2 JT3 MWS1 Desrption Base Amount BED Payable AED Payable SED Payable Subtotal 100 100 100 100 130 JT1 JT2 JT3 frm step to step acctg key 510 520 JT6 JT7 CST-C Form Pay 190 CST w/o C Form Pay LST Payable 190 190 JT6 JT7 JT8 530 JT8 (Similarly for JR1 – JR8 also) Assign Country to Calculation Procedure Here calculation procedure is assigned to a company code. JR3 : : : : BED Payable. (depending on whether jurisdiction level is defined as one or ‘two’) – [see notes on structure for tax jurisdiction below] and “Access Sequence – TAXJ” Check Calculation procedure :  Note: Before defining calculation procedure. 38 by Harnath .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling TAXJ USTX - US Taxes with Jurisdiction US Taxes We will use ‘TAXJ’ access sequence. JT7. SAP has defined condition types for different jurisdiction levels in US (JR1.

Excise (BED.AED) KAR.AED.SED) KAR. CST. CST. CST. Non Regd Dealer.US. Excise (BED. Excise (BED.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Check and change Settings for Tax Processing Here a tax process for each tax type has to be defined . CST. CST. LST. Branch. Non Regd Dealer. Regd Dealer. Custom (BCD) Foreign Jurisdiction .e.AED) KAR. Regd Dealer.AED) KAR. LST.AED) KAR.US. Branch. So its better to define two levels. Non Regd Dealer. Excise (BED) KAR. for Karnataka State): IN0001 IN0002 IN1001 IN1002 IN1003 IN1004 IN1011 IN1012 IN1013 IN1014 IN1021 IN1022 IN1023 IN1024 IN1031 IN1032 IN1033 IN1034 IN1041 IN1042 IN1043 IN1044 Foreign Jurisdiction . IN 10 00 Country State for various categories of jurisdiction  Define Jurisdictions We defined Jurisdictions as follows (e. CST. LST. Excise (BED. Separate Line Item Specify structure for Jurisdiction Code Here structure guides SAP to determine various jurisdictions in one level and also whether a code is in level 1 or level 2 and so on. Regd Dealer.SED) KAR. helps in linking posting to G/L accounts etc (as discussed later). CVD) KAR. No Excise 39 by Harnath .e. The important settings here are: Tax type Posting Indicator ‘1’ ‘2’ i. Excise (BED) KAR. LST. LST. Branch. Excise (BED) KAR. CST. No Excise KAR. LST.SED) KAR. Excise (BED) KAR. Excise (BED. Regd Dealer. Note: If we define only one level. Non Regd Dealer. Regd Dealer. This serves as accounting key in Calculation Procedure (discussed above). Excise (BED. Non Regd Dealer. Custom (BCD. Regd Dealer. Branch.AED) KAR.AED. Excise (BED. Non Regd Dealer. No Excise KAR.SED) KAR. Excise (BED. while selecting jurisdiction codes in definition of tax codes. No Excise KAR.AED. Regd Dealer. Non Regd Dealer. LST. Excise (BED.AED. 2 – for Country and 4 – for States. it will give us option of selection by State (Country) only and not by County (State) and hence all jurisdictions code (in our case 26*16) will pop-up.SED) KAR.AED. Regd Dealer. LST. CST. Excise (BED) KAR. As in India we have only one level of taxes we specified a size of ‘6’ to our Jurisdiction structure. No Excise KAR. Non Regd Dealer. Excise (BED. Output Tax i.g.

These need to be defined with respect to G/L account to which it will be posted. JR2. rates are specified in JR1. relevant to Indian taxes. are as follows: Cond Type JM01 JA01 JS01 JM02 JA02 JS02 JSER JSVD JMOD JAED JSED JCES JIP3 JIP1 Desrption A/P BED deductible A/P AED deductible A/P SED deductible A/P BED non-deduct A/P AED non-deduct A/P SED non-deduct Service Tax Service Tax Debit A/R BED A/R AED A/R SED A/R CESS A/P ST Set-off A/P CST Cond Category Access Sequence ‘1’ Jurisdiction Level 1 TAXJ 40 by Harnath . rates are specified in JT1.7)  Note : Version 4. etc TAXES WITH JURISDICTION (Version 4. etc (which are meant for taxes on purchases and need to be posted to separate accounts. JR7. JT2. JT6. Similarly while defining rates for Input tax V1. Tax codes are: Output Tax Output Tax Exempt Input Tax Input Tax Exempt A0 A1 (with rates applicable in each jurisdiction) (with nil rates) V1 (with rates applicable in each jurisdiction) V0 (with nil rates)  Note: Make sure that while defining rates for Output tax A1. JT7.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Calculation Define Tax Codes for Sales & Purchases Here tax codes are defined for each jurisdiction. dr & cr keys. IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Basic Settings Define Calculation Procedure Define Access Sequences : Some of SAP pre-defined Access sequences (relevant to India taxes) are: TAXJ JTAX JST1 US Taxes with Jurisdiction IN : Excise Access IN : Sales Tax Access Define Condition Types : SAP predefined condition types. now there is no need to get additional ‘patch’ for Indian specific taxation requirements. etc (which are meant for taxes on sales and need to be posted to separate accounts. IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Posting Define Tax Accounts Here all the tax processes defined under “Check & change settings for tax processing” are available.7 has come up with standard country India specific settings i.e. JR6.

7 version has got country India specific tax procedure TAXINJ. settings are as follows: Step key 100 110 120 200 205 207 210 212 214 215 JM01 JA01 JS01 JM02 JA02 JS02 Cond Type BASB Desrption Base Amount Calculated Call Subtotal A/P BED deductible A/P AED deductible A/P SED deductible A/P BED non-deduct A/P AED non-deduct A/P SED non-deduct Base + All duties 100 110 120 120 120 120 120 120 100 214 √ √ √ 354 364 368 362 365 369 JI 1 JI 2 JI 3 NVV 352 frm step to step stat alt CType altBV 362 acctg 41 by Harnath .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling JIP2 JIN1 JIN2 JIN4 JIN5 Cond Type JMOP JMOQ JAOP JAOQ JSOP JSOQ JMIP JMIQ JAIP JAIQ JSIP JSIQ JMX1 JMX2 JAX1 JAX2 JSX1 JSX2 JIPS JIPC JIPL A/P LST A/R CST A/R LST A/R CST s/charge A/R CST s/charge Desrption BED Set off % BED Set off Inv BED Set off % BED Set off Inv BED Set off % BED Set off Inv BED Inv % BED Inv Qty AED Inv % AED Inv Qty SED Inv % SED Inv Qty A/P BED Set off A/P BED Inv A/P AED Set off A/P AED Inv A/P SED Set off A/P SED Inv Sales Tax Set off CST Inv LST Inv ‘2’ Jurisdiction Level 2 Cond Category TAXJ Access Sequence ‘D’ Taxes JTAX ‘None’ JTAX ‘D’ Taxes JST1 Check Calculation procedure : SAP 4.

FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 217 220 230 250 260 510 512 513 514 515 520 530 540 550 560 561 562 563 564 565 570 571 572 573 574 575 578 579 580 581 582 583 585 588 590 593 595 598 JIP3 JIP1 JIP2 JSER JSVD JMOD JAED JSED JCES A/P ST Set-off A/P CST A/P LST Service Tax Service Tax Debit A/R BED A/R AED A/R SED A/R CESS Subtotal 215 215 215 100 250 120 120 120 120 √ √ √ √ √ 515 512 520 530 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 120 560 562 564 570 572 574 578 120 585 590 590 590 561 563 565 571 573 575 583 120 588 590 590 590 √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ √ 370 371 363 363 363 VS 5 JT 1 JT 2 ESA ESE 363 366 360 367 JIN1 JIN2 JIN4 JIN5 JMOP JMOQ JAOP JAOQ JSOP JSOQ JMIP JMIQ JAIP JAIQ JSIP JSIQ JMX1 JAX1 JSX1 JMX2 JAX2 JSX2 A/R CST A/R LST A/R CST s/charge A/R LST s/charge BED Set off % BED Set off Qty AED Set off % AED Set off Qty SED Set off % SED Set off Qty BED Inv % BED Inv Qty AED Inv % AED Inv Qty SED Inv % SED Inv Qty A/P BED Set off A/P AED Set off A/P SED Set off A/P BED Inventory A/P AED Inventory A/P SED Inventory Total Excise Duty Copy Net Price Price + ED MWS MW3 MWS MW3 JI 1 JI 1 JI 2 JI 2 JI 3 JI 3 NVV NVV NVV NVV NVV NVV JIPS JIPC JIPL Sales Tax Set off CST Inventory LST Inventory VS5 NVV NVV Assign Country to Calculation Procedure 42 by Harnath .

Input Tax i. Output Tax i.e.e. separate line item i. Output Tax i.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Here calculation procedure is assigned to the company code. country India version should be activated for specific fiscal years via IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Basic Settings > India > Activate country India version for specific fiscal years 43 by Harnath . posting not reqd.e.e. Input Tax  Note : All the above processing keys will be available in IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Tax on Sales & Purchases > Posting > Define Tax Accounts – where it shall be associated with different G/L accounts and posting (dr & cr) rules  Note : Once all basic settings are made.e. Output Tax (also it is configured to be not relevant for cash discount) ESA ESE MWS MW3 NVV Output Acquis Tax Input Acquis Tax Output Tax Sales Tax 3 Non-deduc input tax 2 1 2 1 1 i. separate line item i.e. Output Tax not deductible √ √ posting indicator 1 1 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 √ 3 i. separate line item i. The important settings here are: process key description JI1 JI2 JI3 JI4 India Basic Excise India Addl Excise India Spl Excise LST tax type 4 4 2 1 i.e.e. separate line item i.e. i. separate line item i.e. Output Tax i.e.e. i. helps in linking posting to G/L accounts etc (as discussed later). dist to rel exp/rev VS5 Input Tax PST gross 2 i.e.e. not relev to tax i. posting not reqd. separate line item i.e.e.e.6 version].e. separate line item i. This serves as accounting key in Calculation Procedure (discussed above). Input Tax i.e.e. Check and change Settings for Tax Processing Here a tax process for each tax type has to be defined [as discussed for 4. not relev to tax i.

Define Dunning keys Dunning keys define how much / many notices have to be sent to customers. if the credit limit is crossed.2. one can set up corresponding dunning areas. you cannot enter invoices.. a dunning area is defined.e.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling DUNNING IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/Dunning/Basic Settings for Dunning While posting repeated invoices.3 reminders etc. Otherwise. Dunning areas are used if several organizational units are responsible for carrying out dunning within one company code. i. • Define Dunning area : for each co code. you may not be permitted to enter further invoices. The individual dunning areas can use different procedures or the same dunning procedure. If a credit limit is not set. The dunning area can correspond. The dunning area is then entered in the line item. for example. a sales organization or a business area. to a profit center.  • Define dunning keys : max 4 levels are possible like 1. The system enters the dunning area into the master record automatically with the corresponding data. IMG/ES/Defi/Define Credit Control Area. Note: The dunning areas with the required dunning procedures are to be entered into the customer or vendor master record if you use different dunning procedures. the system uses the standard dunning procedure. In such a case. key 1 (max level = 1) → only one notice 44 by Harnath . These organizational units are referred to as dunning areas. If different responsibilities and different dunning procedures exists within a company code. a distribution channel. REMINDERS TO CUSTOMERS – DUNNING IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Dunning > Basic Settings for Dunning Define Dunning Areas Dunning area represents a sub-structure of the Company code.

The totaled items are for threat perception etc. alphanumeric). Define Interest rates (for Dunning) Interest indicator is defined here specifying interest rates (and validity date) on dr.e. court orders can only be issued level 3 onwards for total of all items dunned. Define Dunning Block Reason Dunning can be run for Customer account group as a whole. o Line item grace periods e. In Germany. SAP default keys are: ‘Blank’ * A freed for Dunning Dunning Interface Manual Block Reason. items for the purposes of dunning run. it can be useful to group together the open items of a business partner according to certain aspects and dun these items together. etc Define Dunning Groupings Dunning notices are generally created per business partner. totaling takes place level 2 onwards. all items are totaled. If a particular customer need not be dunned. o Std transactions set on.g.e. etc. print separately text Triggers maximum dunning level 1 Triggers maximum dunning level 2 Triggers maximum dunning level 3 payment has been made √ • Define dunning block : for legal cases. 45 by Harnath .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling key2 (max level = 2) → key 1 2 3 z Note the settings: max level 1 2 3 two notices. o Always dun keep on  o Print all items keep on     o Payment deadline @ 7 i. o Dunning levels [top button] . Reasons for a dunning block are defined under a key. The minimum days in arrears have no influence on calculation of the days overdue. o Reference dunning process @ 0001.day in arrears @ 30 i. o Calculate interest . Items whose contents in this field are identical. dun after 30 days. In order to group items together for dunning notices. If level 0 is maintained. & cr. you need to define grouping keys (two-character. You can create your own dunning letters using SAPSCRIPT [ similar to ABAP ]. deadline to receive payment.set on after level 2 as letters after 2 i. 3 o Interest indicator HI o Public holiday calender 99 international IN for India. 14 days o Totaled for items – when a dunning level 1 is maintained.e. In special cases.frequency of dunning e. The key can be entered in an item or in the master record of a customer’s account. are dunned together.g. dunning must be blocked. specify a field from the line item whose contents are to comprise the main criteria for the group. his master data should ‘select’ the ‘reason’. 3 only have interest mentioned. after dunning letter. o/wise spl GL like downpayments will also be considered. o Minimum day arreas : atleast one item must have a dunning notice to be created. • Define dunning procedure : [ FBMP ] o Dunning interval . For each key.

%age of amounts means %age to total of open items [for a customer]. In case of existing customer. you can set a dunning block for it in the master data. To exclude an account from dunning.whether to dun. and a %age based charge at the same time. If both are set. and ‘the number of dunning levels’. The %age is based on the total o/s of that customer. ‘the grace periods for the due date determination’. Activity: Dunning procedure ABCD 14 1 “min no. both conditions must be met. For checking dunning open a separate a/c and raise invoices backdated. an item may not come into the dunning process at all. court notices can be sent for “Total due items”. one dunning procedure can be assigned to more than one co codes – it is assigned to each of the customer via master records. after 3 dunning notices. of days between two dunning “1 / 2 / 3 or whatever” no Dunning interval in days runs” Total due items from dunning level legal use in India Note: In Germany. this function can be used for sending reminders to the customers. IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Dunning > Dunning Procedure Define Dunning procedure FBMP Dunning procedures are company code independent i. You can also set the dunning level at which you want to list all due items from an account in the dunning notice.the minimum amount to be considered for dunning. A customer account is only included in dunning if it assigned a dunning procedure in its master data. However in India. sometimes if the total o/s is low. so that dunning runs can take place with the interval applicable. It may be necessary to open posting period suitably. o Minimum amounts for dunning . of days one of the open items must be overdue for dunning run to be triggered” (only for trigger – overdue days is not altered)  46 by Harnath . The posting date will also have to be backdated and credit limit reset. as minimum amounts for dunning are set. Here a %age may help.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o Legal dunning procedure  for items where legal letters to be sent [after 3 levels etc] o Charge for dunning .the charge for dunning can be fixed or a %age depending on the parameters set. Min days in arrears (acct) 4 “no. o Minimum amount to be included in dunning o Dunning text – forms are designed and can be changed using ABAP [a/c type D] [Ensure the DUNNING TEXT FORMS EXIST] o Spl GL indicator . You cannot define a fixed dunning charge.e. They determine the ‘dunning interval’. ensure dunning procedure is set.

the dunning date defines when the next dunning run takes place [after the interval]. etc.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Line item grace period 2 “no. of days within which an open item shall be excluded from dunning run” Interest indicator “interest rate key as defined below” (this interest is not posted to G/L a/c)  Dunning Levels Note: Dunning procedure can also be configured for : – interest to start after ‘x’ days in arrears. print parameters. • Select parameters • Dunning date . you may not be able to take subsequent runs immediately. etc. and subsequent runs will also be level 1] • IMG/FA/Global/Corresspondence . (taking sample printout or test run would not make the dunning run effective) F150 47 by Harnath .3 use ID for 1st Qt etc. After this step. • Dun posted upto [consider posted upto date ] • Save parameters • Individual dunning notice @ LP01 • Specify run dates • Specify dunning dates • Specify posted upto dates • Select print preview & printout [o/wise the dunning will not be considered. Minm amounts – to → → → trigger dunning after ‘x’ total overdue amount ‘y’% of overdue amounts (out of total open items). Charges – dunning charges to be included → after nth level and ‘x’ dunning amount → % of dunning charges. and minimum amount of dunning interest to be included o SAP/Ac/FA/AR/Periodic Processing • F150 Dunning • Identifier user defined run 1.it is possible to view the various dunning forms & even create them [SAPSCRIPT similar to ABAP] DATA ENTRY – Dunning Run [SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Periodic Processing] Dunning Activity: Select Individual notices > Output Device → Company code > customer account → Run date should be in line with dunning interval & can be diff from dunning date (later) → Dunning date determines overdue a/cs for dunning trigger → Documents posted upto date determines which open items are to be considered Take print out of dunning notices. If you click on current date.2. customer master data will automatically be updated for first dunning run. and you may have to go to IMG and change the interval.

FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling  Note: SAP standard Dunning forms can be displayed or changed (using SAPSCRIPT similar to ABAP) via IMG > Financial Accounting > Financial Accounting Global Settings > Correspondence INTEREST IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/Interest Calculation • Global Settings o Define interest calculation types  P item interest calc  S balance int calc  Identifier HI for HPCL INTEREST ON RECEIVABLES IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Interest Calculation > Interest Calculation Global Settings Define Interest Calculation types 48 by Harnath .

INR for India as IND_INT o Define time based transactions . o Enter interest values o Special function module for interest rate determination . in practice this is not normally needed] Interest indicator is assigned to a customer account vis master data.define Define Number range for Interest forms Number ranges defined for interest calculation are not used for any other purposes (for example.arrears [DEBIT_INT_RATE_DETERMINE] / [CREDIT_INT_RATE_DETERMINE] for balances [INT_RATE_DETERMINE] Interest Calculation Define Reference Interest Rates Here a reference interest rates defined by entering a key and a mnemonic name. Keep Int Numerator  ON. interest on net debit / credit balance. Define Time based Terms (interest) Here additional (premium) interest rates are defined for long overdue open items. the effective date should be borne in mind [backdated] o/w interest runs will not take place as invoices are backdated. SAP default interest indicators are: 01 standard item interest calculator calculation type – P 02 standard balance interest calculator calculation type – S o Define no ranges for interest forms . for document types). Important settings: Interest indicator 01 Selection of Items Transfer Days Tolerance Days standard item interest calculator ‘open & all cleared items’ days taken in bank clearing grace days for interest trigger [excluded from int cal] [do not affect overdue days] • o Prepare interest on a/c balances o Special GL tran for int calc Interest Calculation o Define reference int rates . [though these indicators can also be used for interest on payables. interest on balance after giving effect of each dr or cr entries or account balance interest calculation i.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Interest indicators determine whether they are to be used for the item interest calculation i. then you define the same number range for each company code. This activity is purely informative.while preparing int on arrears calc.HI for both DR & CR & enter Ref Int as defined IND_INT. o Prepare interest on arrears calc .e.e. Prepare Interest on Arrears calculation Terms of interest calculation are defined for interest indicators as defined above. This can be defined directly for each interest indicators with or without associating it with a ‘Reference Interest rate’. If interest is calculated on accounts from various company codes. Payment Terms 0001 & Tax Code  OFF. Enter Interest values Here a rate of interest is defined for the ‘Reference Interest rate’ 49 by Harnath .

It is not necessary to specify an account since the posting is made to the customer account. business area) are optional. a credit posting key and account symbols (posting details).for account balances INT_RATE_DETERMINE Debit int. You use the account symbol 1000 for the customer posting. You do.for account balances INT_RATE_DETERMINE • Interest Posting o A/R calculation of interest on arrears  Int recd 273100  Int paid 220000  Customer posting open [for customers] IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Interest Calculation > Interest Posting Interest on arrears . You can differentiate the account specifications according to currencies.chgd on overdue items CREDIT_INT_RATE_DETERMINE Credit int. You use them if you want to define interest posting in more detail.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Specify Functional Module for Interest Rate determination The following function modules are included in the standard system: Transaction type Function Module Credit int. interest indicator.Customers In this step.for int. 1000 (interest earned) and 2000 (interest paid) should be entered. have to specify the posting keys. you define the specifications for posting the interest calculated as interest on arrears. you specify a debit posting key. • G/L accounts For each G/L account symbol. For the business transaction account determination key. For every combination of the account determination keys. The following specifications are necessary: • Account determination keys and posting details First you determine which account determination keys are used. however. you specify the account allocation for interest earned and interest paid in full. The other account determination keys (company code. The account determination is carried out via the posting interface of application 0002 (interest on arrears).for overdue items DEBIT_INT_RATE_DETERMINE Debit int. o A/R balance interest calculation  0001 interest recd 273100 1  0002 interest paid 220000 2  0015 calc int recd  0016 calc int paid  1000 customer posting + [open] Interest on Balances – Customers 50 by Harnath .

The following specifications are necessary: • Account determination keys and posting details For the business transaction account determination key. If you are using interest splitting. minus credit interest past period with post-entered value dates debit interest past period with post-entered value dates. The account determination is carried out via the posting interface of application 0005 (customer interest scale). to enable calculation [not posting to customer a/c] of interest as per defined interest parameters for inclusion in dunning letters.24 free selections  Calculation period from to  Bill of Exch [blank]  Int indicator HI  Form for int calc F_DUZI_01  Create form  & F_DUZI_01  Print form  & LP01  Date of Issue [TO period]  Interest Posting Date [TO period] 51 by Harnath . SAP/Ac/FA/AR/PP/Interest calculation o Arrears interest o F. Ensure customer is configured for interest id & cycle. credit interest calculation period.2A without open items o F. • G/L accounts Assign accounts in full to the account symbols for the respective interest earned posting or interest paid posting. you should also enter a set of posting details for each of the following business transactions: → → → minus debit interest past period with post-entered value dates. An entry in the G/L account field of the account allocation is not necessary here (customer posting). Only the posting key is relevant for the customer posting. you enter at least one set of posting details for the interest earned posting and the interest paid posting respectively. • Assign Form for Int Indicator o Ensure that Form F_DUZI_01 is assigned for HI & HPCL o Ensure that Form F_D_INT_SCALE_00 is assigned for HB & HPCL IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Interest Calculation > Print Assign Forms for Interest Calculation Note the SAP standard settings: Int ind 01 std item interest calculator Co code Forms BALC BALC F_DUZI_01 02 std balance interest calculator F_D_INT_SCALE_00 • The interest indicator [ HI ] can be entered in the dunning procedure [define interest rates].2C without postings o F. It is stored in the posting details.2B with open items o F.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling In this step. you define the specifications for posting the interest calculated on the customer account balance. credit interest past period with post-entered value dates debit interest calculation period.

You can create a spool request for a neat letter that can be sent to the party etc. thru this run. Interest run is processed through “Batch process” via Header-Systems > services > batch Inputs > Sessions.2C While performing an interest run. o/s balances and interest thereon can be printed also for correspondence with name of a printer [batch process] i. Also a spool request can be created for a neat interest statement to be sent to customers. note the following settings: Calculation period Interest indicator Create Form for int cal Print Form customers Acct overview printer (batch) Interest posting date ‘√’ & specify the relevant Form name ‘√’ i.e.24 F. a session is created. Balance Interest [ F_D_INT_SCALE_00 ] Calc Period From to Summ level 2 Ref / Addl Date 3 Std Int Calc  Generate as above.r. ‘Preparations’. Access from OWN SPOOL JOBS.e.26 ACCOUNTS PAYABLE ACCOUNTS PAYABLE [All IMG steps are similar to as discussed in Accounts Receivable w.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling     o F. You can generate a batch for subsequent batch processing by specifying in Output Control “Acct overview printer (batch)”. ‘Invoices’ and ‘Outgoing 52 by Harnath .2B F. The spool request can be accessed fro “ Own Spool Jobs” Balance Interest F.2A F. interest are also posted to customer a/c After specifying all parameters & executing (F8). and processing the batch with System/Services/BatchInput/Sessions etc.t.26      Interest Posting Document Date [TO period] Posting Period as applicable. DATA ENTRY – Interest on Receivables [SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Periodic Processing > Interest Calculation] Arrears Interest Without open items With open items Without postings Free selection F.

a ‘House Bank’ must have been defined and created in the company as discussed later.) One-time Vend (ext no.) Vendor (int no. and it specified whether it is a one-time account 0001 0002 0003 0004 One-time Vend (int no. Vendor Master Record Important settings relevant to Vendor Master: Vendor Account Groups – As many as 18 types are available with SAP Vendor Goods Supplier Payee Invoicing Party For each Account Group: → → specific “FSV Parameters w.] IMG/FA/ARAP/Vendor A/c’s/Master Records o Preparation for creation of vendor master records o Define a/c groups [ OMSG ]  KRED Vendor [internal no assignment]  Reco no 160000  Down payment 170000 o Define screen layout per co [vendors] o Define screen layout per activity [vendors] o Create no ranges for vendor a/c’s.) CPD CPDL KRED LIEF.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Payments’. etc.7 version]  Note: For outgoing payments.  Wt can be used for TDS  Release group means vendor approval  Check duplicate invoices for invoice & DC  EDI electronic data interchange.6c version) 11310000 (4.7 version) FK01 FB60 FK10N F-53 [F-58 for check printing] [F-43 in 4.) Vendor (ext no.t General Data. 53 by Harnath . 160000 (4. Company code data and Sales data” are set as per the requirement. etc  Reconciliation a/c Data Entry Creation of Vendors Vendor Invoice Vendor Account Balances Outgoing Payments Note that Account determination procedure is not defined for Vendors.r. [ XDN1 ] o Assign no ranges to vendor a/c groups [ OMSJ ]  KRED 02 o IMG/FA/FA Global/Tax Sales& Purchases/Calculation  Define tax codes for sales/purchases : I1 input tax GL a/c 154000 o Create vendor SAP/Ac/FA/AP/Master Records  FK01 create  Use next screen icon  to navigate.

Print job is created. Access thru system/own spool requests [ requires house bank creation ] o Change co code o Raw mat a/c 400000 change tax params as reqd o FK10N to view balances.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o Create invoice SAP/Ac/FA/AP/Doc Entry  FB60 [ use F-43 wef 470 ] create invoice [R M 400000. TAX V1] o Outgoing Payment  F-53 Post  F-58 Post & Print. 54 by Harnath .

WT code T1.e WT at the payment stage F-58.FK02 o When entering an invoice FB60. posting with payment  i. currency INR. o Define WT details in Vendor . o Postings  Define A/c’s for withholding tax  Tran QST Dr 177000 Cr 177000 PK 40/50 Rules Dr/Cr o Reporting  Define recepient codes • 00 / / 01 / IN / Individual  Define forms for WT N/a. [ W1 ]  Maintain formulas is not necessary if a direct %age is specified above.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling WITHOLDING TAX [ will be used with AP payments ] IMG/FA/Global/Line Items/Controls • Screen Variants o Standard o Austria & Switzerland o France & Withholding Tax . WT A/c is credited when the payment is finally cleared. Net Base for Tax Contrib  OFF. • IMG/FA/Global/WT o Basic settings  Maintain countries IN India [No addl WTCountry]  Maintain types of recipients 01 individual  Define Income types SEW1 self employed cat 1 o Calculation/Maintain Tax Codes  Copy from GB & change. Specifications for WT Rept keep OFF. System will inform that WT is applicable for the Vendor. rates 2%. o In case of part payment. 55 by Harnath . o While using F-58 WT is calculated and amount payable is automatically reduced. [ will be reqd for reports ]  Assign forms for WT reporting N/a  Assign Header / Footer Text – copy from default. official WT Code 192C.

Company. SAP delivers standard settings for official withholding tax keys for India. For e. WT key 194C Description TDS on Contractors. OT others ]  The type of recipient categorizes the vendor. the assigning would be as follows: Country IN IN IN US w/tax country India USA Description o Define official WT codes [ WT Keys 194C contractors ][ 56Define Official Withholding Tax Key wef 470 ] Define official withholding tax keys Here a tax key is defined for withholding tax types. Activity : WHT type Recipient type Description 56 by Harnath . Hence by assigning that country here. rules as prevalent in that company are also made available to the Company (global group). withholding tax rules of that foreign country is applicable. which is necessary for printing the withholding tax form. The system can therefore assign the withholding tax items to the correct withholding tax return. etc o Check recepient types [ Co companies.g. Check Recipient types Here recipient types are (Individual. for eg.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling EXTENDED WITHOLDING TAX IMG/FA/Global/Extended WT • Basic Settings o Check WT countries EXTENDED WITHHOLDING TAX IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax > Extended WT > Basic Settings Check Withholding Tax Country It may happen that incase of foreign branches. The withholding tax keys correspond to the withholding tax laws according to which tax is withheld. etc) are defined for every “withholding tax type” [defined later]. If an Indian parent is having a branch in US.

Keep Post W/Tax amount ON.e. > Extended WT > Calculation >  Activity : Note: ‘WT types’ are different from ‘WT codes’ to which WT % rates are allocated. etc as defined above for posting at the time of Invoice.relevant • In this activity you define the withholding tax type for posting at the time of invoicing. at invoice or at payment Basis at which base amount is calculated. This has to be activated for VENDORS as in India. Self-employed category SAP standard type • Calculation o Withholding tax type  Define WT type for invoice posting . TDS is deductible at the time of credit only (assuming payment is not before credit entry in the books). this will not hold good. WT types → → → also help in classifying the following: The time at which WT is posted i. etc SEW1 i. and Basis of accumulation. IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax Withholding Tax types Check WT types for Invoice posting WT types defined here will have effect at the time of INVOICE posting and not at the time of Payment. where TDS has to be calculated at posting time [ no payment ]. WHT Type Description W1 Sec 194 – Contractor TDS W2 Sec 194 – Contractor s/charge Double click to get inside Note the settings Calculation Net Amount accordingly Gross Amount invoice amount considered ‘net of TDS’ and WT calculated √ 57 by Harnath .e. This will be relevant for Vendors. Populate W1.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling W1 W1 (defined later) CO OT Companies Others o Check income types Check Income types Type of income subject to withholding tax. for example income from • • • Interest received Work as an artiste Self-employed work. if applicable. but in case of Customers also.

if deducted. TDS. 58 by Harnath .  Define exch rate type for WT type M Define Exchange rate type for WT type Not needed for TDS in case of payments to nationals in India. Assign condition type to WT type • You only need to carry out the following activity if you are implementing FI together with SD. This has to be activated for CUSTOMERS as in India. Activity : Settings are made here also (with a different WT type) for all types defined for ‘Invoice Posting’ case. etc) are defined for each WT type defined earlier.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Tax Amount Post WT amount used in case of surcharge √ Accumulation type “no accumulation” TDS is calculated on each transaction [If this is selected. invoices are accumulated on periodical basis or till the ‘max acc value’ specified. if any and then TDS deducted at the end of either condition] Define minimum / maximum amount Base amount WT code level √ Type level WT amount WT code level Type level √  Define WT type for payment posting – relevant for customers with dedu at receipt entry. is entered. o Witholding tax codes  Define WT codes [ if %age is defined. Defined in case of TDS on payments made to Non-residents which is defined by a separate WT type. customer is first booked for gross receivable and only at the payment. All settings are more or less similar.e. Check WT types for Payment Posting WT types defined here will have effect at the time of PAYMENT posting and not at the time of Invoice posting. rates. no formula needed ]  IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax > Extended WT > Calculation > Withholding Tax Code Define WT codes Here WT codes (i.

WT type W1 % subject to tax posting indicator WT code W1 100% 1 i. If more that one code (rate) has to be applied.e. Postings o Accounts for WT – [ can be separate for Cust / Vend ]  Define a/c for WT to be paid over-177000  Define a/c for WT gross up offset entry .e. for every recipient type there has to be a separate WT type (as interpreted earlier) imp for telling SAP to deduct TDS on vendor payments. IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax > Extended WT > Company Code Assign WT types to Company Code Activity : Assign (all) WT type to Company code double click to get inside settings Recipient type CO w/tax agent subject to W/tax √ √ i.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling  Activity : Note: A business transaction can be assigned only one WT code per WT type. unless selected – no TDS -do(in case of customers) o Activate extended WT – you cannot then revert to STD WT. Activate Extended Withholding Tax in Company Code  • Note: Once activated. it cannot be de-activated later. standard bank/customer/vendor line reduced 2% SEW1 posting items – Sec194 .204000 59 by Harnath . these must be represented by different WT types.Contractor TDS WT rate Income type  Define formula for calculating WT o Witholding Tax Base Amount  Define processing key for modified net amount • Modified means that an extra amount is added to the net amount  Define processing key for modified tax amount  Potray dependencies between WT types o Minimum & Maximum amounts  Define min/max amounts for WT types  Define min/max amounts for WT codes • Company Code o Assign WT types to co code – Add if necessary.

7 version) IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax > Extended WT > Posting > India Specify Document types & G/L accounts for WT (TDS) adjustment entries Adjustments for short-deduction of TDS should be made here and posting should be made to a separate G/L a/c with “post automatically” off.000001  Define numbering ranges .FK02 [ select WT screen at the beginning ] 60 by Harnath • • .01  Assign numbering groups to number class  Assign numbering concept to co code country [K002]  Numbering concept option 2 .101  Define numbering groups . [note that in case of TDS accounts. Activity : WT type W1 WT code W1 G/L a/c 177000 (in 4.6c version) 13113940 (in 4.Assign Numbering Class – Add • Reporting [Extended WT] o Define recepient code for EWT – W1/ 10 / / co / co / company o Define forms for WT o Define form names for EWT reporting o Assign forms for WT certificates o Define minimum amounts for WT type o Define minimum amounts for WT code Generic WT reporting o Define recepient code for EWT o Define output groups o Define certificate numbering for EWT o Define forms for WT reporting o Define file format for WT reporting o Define header & footer texts for forms o Define minimum amounts for WT Type o Define minimum amounts for WT code Define WT details in Vendor .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling   Define a/c for self WT Define a/c for WT offsetting entry – 204000 > Extended WT > Posting > IMG > Financial Accounting > FA Global Settings > Withholding Tax Accounts for WT Define Accounts for Withholding Tax to be paid over Here G/L accounts are defined for a combination of WT type and WT code. normally “post automatically” will be on as TDS is internally calculated & posted by SAP] Activity : Document type G/L a/c SA 14880000 o Certificate numbering for WT [ not reqd ]  Define numbering class .

goto FS00 and change 196600 to be a reco a/c.} o A/c id if reqd 1111 HOUSE BANK IMG > Financial Accounting > Bank Accounting > Bank Accounts Define House Banks 61 by Harnath . all DE types will be preset. WT is credited. add 196600 to the list. In the Payment Method / Co Code. ] In the HB definition keep bills of exchange off. As there would be a problem of 196600 not being a reco a/c . and Vendor reduced. HOUSE BANK CONFIGURATION FBZP all house bank info. While posting.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • When entering an invoice FB60. In Define Reco A/c’s without Automatic Payments. After defining the House Bank etc. commence deletion from bottom up [ ie value date upwards. Deletion will now be possible under Setup Bank Deter for Payment Trans. IMG/FA/BANK ACCOUNTING/Bank Accounts/ • Define house banks o Delete the default German Banks if any & create new [del from bottom] [You may not be able to delete all the info copied. In the Payment method / Country. add all GERMAN [DE] types. System will inform that WT is applicable for the Vendor.

enter it in the open item. you specify which payment method can be used per company code and determine the conditions under which a payment method should be used. for automatic payment transactions to determine the bank details for payment. you can go directly to the activity for assigning house banks to an interval of postal codes. domestic bank can have a/c in foreign currency) For Foreign banks SWIFT code  Note: Assign a G/L account for the specified bank account. the house bank selection is determined by the business partner's domicile. money is transferred from the house bank to the business partner's bank in the shortest possible time. every account at a house bank by an account ID and are used say. Important settings: "bank key" For Domestic banks Bank number (However. the system transfers the payment methods to the customer/vendor master record.  Note: If the required details have not been entered in the master record. For this to be possible. ZA for clearing payments Set up Payment methods per Company code for payment transactions In this activity. If an open item is to be paid using a specific payment method. you assign all banks in the master records to a bank group defined by you. e. Document types – ZP for Payment posting. Important Settings: Minimum & Maximum amount limits for payments  Note: A maximum amount must be specified otherwise the payment method cannot be used. by Check. The G/L account is to be managed in the same currency as the account at the bank.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Each house bank of a company code is represented by a bank ID in the SAP system. the payment program ignores the amounts you enter here. Important settings: Required entries in the master record – such as Bank details. If you select the "Optimization by postal codes" field. the payment method cannot be used. • Outgoing payments configuration Outgoing Payments IMG > Financial Accounting > AR & AP > Business Transaction > Outgoing Payments > Auto Outgoing Payments > Payment Method / Bank Selection [Set up all Company codes for payment transactions is similar to as discussed in Accounts Receivable] Set up Payment methods per Country for Payment Transactions The payment method determines how payments are to be made. Bank transfer or Bill of exchange. Payment methods are entered in the master records of customers and vendors in order to specify how payments are made. Posting specifications i. by postal codes – If you optimize by postal codes. 62 by Harnath . SWIFT code or collection authorization. The terms which have been defined for the payment method must be satisfied for the payment. Here you select the required payment method by marking it.g.e. If you specify the payment method in an open item. All payment methods are displayed in the customer or vendor master record in the screen for selecting the payment method. Optimization • • by bank groups – If you optimize by bank groups.

o Setup bank determination for payment transactions  Ranking order : delete & create for C cheque [ deletion in reverse order i. WT will however not appear. Create here and access in available amounts. However you can control this by specifying certain currencies per payment method and country in the activity “Set Up Payment Methods per Country for Payment Transactions”. value date upwards ]  Bank accounts : 113100  Available amounts : approx amount available for making payments. Days indicate interval of getting the bank statement for analysis etc. [ This is a substitute for FB15 on the customer side. ]  Automatic Payment Run :  63 Note: AP/Periodic Proc/F110 Auto Payment Prog – Give run date and ID like Mth. o IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/OP/Auto OP/ o Payment method / Bank selection for payment Prg o Setup all co codes for payment transactions  Tolerance days 7 vendors FP customers FPJ o Setup paying co codes for payment transactions o Setup payment methods per country for payment transactions  Currencies allowed [ blank = all curr allowed ]  ZP payment posting. Qt etc.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Foreign payment/Foreign currency payment If you specify that the payment method can also be used for foreign currencies. ZV payment clearing  Copy one by one from GB for IN o Setup payment methods per co code for payment transactions : maximum amount 5000000/-.  Value date : days taken for local clearance etc. Only payments in these specified currencies are then made using this payment method. PrintOut Prg RFFOUS_C [as shown on by Harnath . Vendor [ master data must contain paymt meth ] from to. enter Co Codes. Addl log Vend from to. the specified currencies are ignored.  Note: If the payment method only permits local currency payments. all currencies are permitted.e. o Number ranges for cheques : [ FCHI ] IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/OP/AutoOP/Payment_Media/Check Management  Define no ranges for cheques : lot 101 chq no from 100000 to 100100  Ensure vendor is created  Raise invoice thru FB60  SAP/Ac/FA/AP/DocEntry/OP • F-53 post • F-58 post and print cheque [ enter details & process open items]  SAP/Ac/FA/AP/Account/F-44 for clearing payment to vendor thru FBCJ.  Expenses / charges : useful for bill of exchange payments.

BANK RECONCILIATION STATEMENT SAP/FA/Banking/MasterData/BankMasterData 64 by Harnath . Output Control DO NOT VOID CHEQUES.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling payMeth] enter variant and Maintain TOP for Chq lot etc. Enter details.

. as the matching takes place as per the value dates. payment cannot be made in that currency.  The difference enter into the statement with +=dr & -=cr  Save statement.  Post statement from Bank Statement TOP. Value date is important.When the house bank is entered. If not set.include all possible currencies. 65 by Harnath . you can also create the house bank thru IMG/FA/BankAccounting/BankAccounts Define house bank . click create button to create. IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/IP/AutoIP/Payment Method/Bank selection for payment prg o Setup all co codes for payment transactions  FPJ customers  FP vendors o Setup paying co codes for payment transactions  Copy from ….FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • • • FI01 create. o Setup bank determination for payment transactions  Bank a/c create  Available amounts for C  Value dates IMG/FA/ARAP/BT/OP/AutoOp/PaymentMedia/CheckManagement o Define no ranges for cheques o Pass some bank entries thru FBCJ [cash journal] SAP/AC/Treasury/CashManagement/Incomings/ManualBankStatement o FF67 enter  Beginning balance = 0  End balance = total or earlier entry  In Further Processing keep Bank Posting  ON. o FEBA post process. o Setup payment methods per country for payment transactions  Copy IN cheque exists  Possible currencies . Instead of the above. o Setup payment method per co code for payment transactions  C cheque  Ranking order 1  Min & max amounts for payment  Optimize using postal code for faster searches. The other details on left like bank a/c con be copied wherever possible.

FASB exchange rate type. SAP/Ac/FA/AR/PP/Closing/Valuate o F. F.  Create Postings & Reverse Postings ON.annually].05 Valuate Open Items in Foreign Currency [SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Periodic Processing > Closing > Valuate] Process this step after specifying all parameters like. open item selection. posting date.05 open item in foreign currency  Valuation Method KTO .  Selections – Valuate Customer open items  FASB52 Exch Cur Type M  Process sessions and view doc ext.F101 receivables / payables User can pass a reversal entry [ if reqd ] the next day.FC Bal per Account 10 Co Code Curr. Exchange rate types are: Standard Bank selling rate B Standard Bank buying rateG Standard average rate M  Note: However in real-time. thereby nullifying the loss/gain entries passed earlier.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling FOREIGN CURRENCY VALUATION AT CLOSING At specific intervals [monthly.invoice in a different currency is to be valued and posted in co currency. this field is linked to an on-line system and reflects real-time rate at any point of time. etc. • • • • FB70 . SAP/Ac/FA/AR/Environment/Current Settings o S_BCE_68000174 enter exch rates [OB08 ] o Exch type “M” from USD to INR.quarterly. open items [customer/vendor] must be valued and loss/gain reported .FASB52. Rate entered will generate loss/gain. It will give a document extract with closing value of open items as well as “Foreign Exchange Loss/Gain” 66 by Harnath . valuation date. In case the customer is also a vendor o Closing/Regroup . FOREIGN CURRENCY VALUATION AT CLOSING Valuation of open items at closing date (B/S date) at exchange rate prevalent on the closing date is done as follows: Set Exchange rates [SAP Menu > Accounting > Financial Accounting > Accounts Receivable > Environment > Current Settings] Here an exchange rate can be defined for an ‘exchange rate type’ and with a validity period. Any document posted within this period will be converted at this rate for posting purposes.

but not ‘some’ company codes). Risk group (create – OB01) and Credit representative group (create – OB02) all are specific to a Credit Control Area. all parameters. Within a CCA. 000015. Whenever a new customer is created and any CCA is assigned in master record.only if you think necessary o Copy delete check co area [copy from 0001]  Top button structure. navigation gives a tree effect 67 by Harnath . if “all Co codes” is selected ‘√’ while defining a CCA. which are specific to such CCA. The credit control area 0001 is defined in the SAP standard system. it can be available to ‘one or all’.e. templates  Co code  Plant  Sales orgn. the credit limits must be specified in the same currency.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling SALES AND DISTRIBUTION IMG/ES/Definitions • Financial Accounting o Define credit control area [sd updation 000012] [ OB45/OB01/OB02 ] SALES & DISTRIBUTION IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Financial Accounting Define Credit Control Area OB45 The Credit Control Area is an organizational unit that specifies and checks a credit limit for customers. get assigned to the customer automatically.e.  Note: SAP has defined 3 update types for SD updation – 000012. 000018 000012 √ √ √ √ √ 000015 000018 √ √ √ √ Order Document (increases open order value) Delivery Document (inc open delivery value and red open order value) Billing Document (inc open billing doc value and red open delivery value) FA Document (inc open item value and red open billing doc value) • Controlling . A CCA can include one or more Company codes but not vice-versa i. Credit limit. Division  Co area co code [not necessary unless you want to enable controlling]  Structure. (i. dist channel. it would be applicable to all company codes defined in a Company.

keep valuation as at plant o Define plant [necessary before copy o/w DEM & German plant o Copy delete check plant [ OX10 ] IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Logistics – General Define Valuation Level (w. o Define locations [ OX09 ] Define Location OX09 68 by Harnath . Also in two cases valuation level must be Plant : → To use the SAP Application component for Production Planning / Costing. Data specific to a Plant are – Address / Language / Country / Own Material in Material Valuation / Inventory Master Record. Plant • • OX10 A Plant is an operating area or branch within a company. → → → MM PP SD It has got different meaning in different SAP modules: : Location where material stock is kept : Manufacturing facility : Location from where material and services are distributed and corresponds to a distribution centre. Plant has to be defined and here it would mean the ‘Location’ services are rendered from. add. Stocks) SAP has defined valuation level as Plant by default.r. Check. or → If SAP system is a Retail one Define.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • Logistics – general o Define valuation level  Stock valuation. etc. currency.t.  Note: Before copying it is important to define one Plant otherwise it would copy all the German plant name. Copy. To use the SD module a Plant must be created. The Plant plays an important role Management / MRP / Production / Costing / Plant Maintenance Company Code ↓ ← Plant / Plants → ↓ Storage Locations Business areas / Sales Org / Distribn Channels Activity : Shipping Points ← Other Plants Plant should be copied from SAP standard company 0001 (as creation of Plant needs creation of a lot of tables).  • • Note: Even is case of service organization. Delete.

The master data must be created separately. one can restrict price agreement with a customer to a certain division or can conduct statistical analysis by a division. national or international • A Sales organization is specific to a Company code. Copy. • A Sales organization is the highest summation level (after the Client level) for sales statistics with their own statistics currency. all items of an order. • • • Sales & distribution o Define copy delete check sales organization [ OVX5 ] [structure/templates] IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Sales & Distribution Define. etc. A division can represent a product group. Copy. services. spare parts. etc. 69 by Harnath . Locations are used for informative assignment only. Activity: Copy from SAP standard Sales organization 0001 (as creation of sales organization contains lot of tables). SD & copy from templates] Define. A sales organization is responsible for distributing goods and services. one or more Plants can be • A Sales organization has its own customer and material master data as well as its own • All items in a sales & distribution document. You cannot derive any functionality from locations in terms of hierarchies.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • A location allows a plant to be classified according to spatial or situation criteria. conditions and pricing. sub-division of markets into account. A Sales organization cannot share any master data with other sales organizations. Delete. etc) It is also required for business area account assignment for logistics transactions in Financial Accounting. for eg. however. Delete. (eg motorcycles. be created for several distribution channels or divisions. You can only use locations to structure a matchcode or as parameter criteria in reporting. Creation of a material is specific to a set of “Plant. Check Division • • OVXB The division is one of the organizational units in Sales & Distribution that is used to group material and services.e. → → → The following master data objects can be assigned to these locations: Asset master records of Asset Management / Pieces of equipment Functional locations / Work centers Production resources / Tools o Define copy delete check divisions [ OVXB ] [goto next i. Sales Organization & Distribution Channel”. delivery or a billing document are specific to a Sales organization. The area for the material is determined via the plant and the division defined in the material master record. Parameters are name. address (Indian) & calendar (99 – Intl calendar). However. therefore it is also liable for the sold product and responsible for the customer’s right of recourse. • The sales organization is also used to take for example. The data for a distribution channel or a division can. Division. assigned to one Sales organization. that is. Check Sales Organization OVX5 • Sales organization is an organizational unit in Logistics which groups the enterprise according to the requirements of sales & distribution. a regional.

a mail depot. Activity: • o Maintain sales office [for service] [ OVX1 ] o Maintain sales group [for service] [ OVX4 ] Material management o Maintain storage locations [goods stored for delivery] [ OX09 ] IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Material Management Maintain Storage Locations OX09 • Storage Locations are specific to a Plant and there may be one or more storage locations within a plant. Physical inventories are carried out at storage location level. In turn. • Important parameters : Loading time: Loading time is the difference between goods issue time/date and Loading time/date. Delete. And is used to → Define responsibility → Achieve flexible pricing. Options available are: • No loading time • Route-dependent loading time • Route-independent loading time. a dedicated group of employees responsible only for organizing urgent deliveries. One or more shipping points can be assigned to a Plant and vice-versa. • It is possible to store material data specific to a storage location. Delete. It can be a loading ramp. Check Distribution Channel OVX1 • • • • A Distribution channel can be allocated to one or more Sales organizations. and 70 by Harnath . A Distribution channel has its own master data for customers or materials as well as own conditions and pricing. Shipping point is defined for transportation scheduling and delivery scheduling. and → Differentiate sales statistics Copy from SAP standard Distribution Channel 01 (as creation of sales organization contains lot of tables) Parameters are only name but no address. Copy. The entire sales document is therefore entered for a distribution channel. or a rail depot.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o Define copy delete check dist channel [ OVX1 ] Define. It is a physical place and should be near to the delivering Plant. Activity: Copy from SAP standard Storage Location 0001 (as creation of sales organization contains lot of tables) Parameters are name and address. This organizational unit is a means thru which saleable material or services reach the customer. Check Shipping Point • Shipping point is place from where goods are finally transported for delivery. • Stocks are managed only on a quantity basis and not on a value basis at storage location level. Copy. It can also be. one or more plants can be allocated to a Distribution channel. for example. All items of a sales document is specific to a Distribution channel. • o Maintain purchasing organization [N/A] [ OX08 ] Logistics execution o Define copy delete warehouse no [N/A] o Define copy delete shipping point [ OVXD / EC07 ] IMG > Enterprise Structure > Definition > Logistics – Execution Define.

Each sales document is assigned to exactly one sales area. it is just a combination (SO. Sales area Sales org & Dist channel → → Credit control area Plant   Note: In case of copying from SAP standard. Note: In FI assignment screen is presented in ‘Table’ form while in case of SD. SAP automatically proposes a transportation route based on departure zone. it may happen that the target org unit are assigned to other existing org units incl SAP standard units and vice versa. DC & Div). Activity : Financial Accounting Assign Co code Logistics – General Assign Plant Sales & Distribution : Assign Sales org Dist channel Division Setup sales area → → Credit control area Co code → Co code Sales org Sales org Combination of SO. where shipping point of a delivery is located and the place it has to go. country of origin / destination. Logistics. Options available are: • No Pick-pack time • Route-dependent Pick-pack time • Route-independent Pick-pack time.e. you may end up with multiple shipping points. Logistics – Execution Assign Shipping Point → Plant  Note: While copying from 0001. and this cannot be changed later. Parameters are name and address. o Maintain loading point o Maintain transportation planning point IMG/ES/Assignment IMG > Enterprise Structure > Assignment Here various organizational units as defined above are assigned to higher organizational units. which can be cleared by IMG > LE > Shipping > Picking > Determine Pick Loc > Assign Pick Loc : DELETE 71 by Harnath . and • Default from shipping line Departure zone: Departure zone is defined based on region where delivery originates from i. which defines the distribution channel a sales organization uses to sell products from a certain division. Distr Channel & Div → → →  Note: Sales area is a not given any separate name. etc it is presented in ‘Tree’ form. Here it becomes necessary to clear unwanted assignments from both places.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • Default from shipping line Pick-pack time: Pick-pack time is the difference between material availability time/date (after being issued) and loading time/date. shipping conditions and transportation group. Activity: Copy from SAP standard Shipping Point 0001 (as creation of sales organization contains lot of tables).

DELETE unwanted assignments & go back to assignment of SP. These multiple SP create a problem at VA01 & VL01N. The above would normally happen when 0001 is copied & all associated SP will be assigned. • • • • • Financial accounting o Assign co code to company o Assign co code to credit control area [ OB38 ] Controlling [only if necessary] o Assign co code to co area [ OXO6 ] o Assign control area to operating concern Logistics – general o Assign plant to co code [ OX18 ] Sales & distribution o Assign sales org to co code [ OVX3 ] o Assign dist channel to sales org [ OVXK ] o Assign div to sales org [ OVXA ] o Setup sales area [ combination of SO & div] [ OVXG / OVXM ] o Assign sales office to sales area [ OVXM ] o Assign sales group to sales office [ OVXJ ] o Assign sales org & dist channel to plant [ OVX6 ] o Assign sales area to credit control area [ OVFL ] Logistics execution o Assign shipping point to plant [ OVXC ]  o Note: While copying from 0001. Shipping condition problem: IMG > LE > Shipping > Define Shipping condition by sales doc type : select sales doc type as ‘OR’ & Shipping Condition as ‘01’. The above would normally happen when 0001 is copied & all associated SP will be assigned. which can be cleared by LE/Shipping/Picking/Determine Pick Loca/Assign PL . Master data forms the basis for SD processing. These multiple SP create a problem at Sales Order creation (VA01) & Outbound Delivery (VL01N).common master data in DC Div should be defined & assigned to a co code. • . Shipping condition problem IMG/LE/Shipping/Define_Shipping_condition_by_sales_doc_type select sales doc type [ZOR] & enter SC 01. There you will now be able to delete unwanted SP. To clear problem of SP determination: IMG > LE > Shipping > Basic Shipping Functions > SP & GRP Determination > Assign SP – DEASSIGN and DELETE as above. Precisely maintained data simplifies & accelerates the operations procs in daily business. Unwanted SP can now be deleted. you may end up with multiple shipping points.} IMG > Sales & Distribution > Master Data IMG/SD/Master data o Define common dist channel [IMG/SD/Master Data 72 by Harnath . To clear problem of SP determination [ OVL2 ] LE/Shipping/Basic_Shipping_Functions/SP&GRP_Determination/Assign SP DEASSIGN and DELETE as above.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling unwanted assignments & go back to assignment of SP.

r. In case of any error (in allocating organization units) it is recommended to correct errors before proceeding with further IMG activity. etc) and Material type (eg raw mat. SAP/Logistics/Material Management/Material • Create general MM01 immediately / MM11 schedule  o Note: Use OMSY for cur yr dates. To change dates. LogGen/MatlMaster/BasicSettings/MatlTypes/Define Attributes of Matl Types. spare parts. If there is any error SAP points those errors in this IMG function. In case all screens do not come up for MM01. DO NOT TOUCH WH. finished goods.t Industry type (eg FMCG. Year has to be closed under MM. Pharma. so that year can be current etc. IMG > Enterprise Structure > Consistency Check Consistency check is done for ensuring if all assignments regarding enterprise structure in sales & distribution (only) is proper. services. click FERT & select the screens you want. Note: Even if there is only one distribution channel. LogGen/MatlMaster/Tools/Initialise_Period MMPI / MMPV. this IMG step is important. etc. • 73 by Harnath . Create General (Material) MM01 [SAP Menu > Logistics > Material Management > Material Master > Material] • Material is created w. A Material can also be copied from some other existing material. However this sharing is under one sales organization and not cross sales org.  Activity: Sales org 0001 01 Distr Chl DChl-cond 01 DChl-cust/mt 01 (similarly for Division) • o Define common divisions IMG/ES/Assignment/Consistency Check o Check Enterprise Structure for S & D. Required views (for master data entry) can be selected for each material created based on their industry & material type. Execute & clear all errors.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Define common Distribution channel (& Division ) Here condition data and customer & material master data defined in one Distribution channel (or Division) can be assigned to other distribution channels (or Divisions) also. etc) Change number: Creating a material with a ‘change number’ allows SAP to   • • Make changes effective from a date or on some parameter (eg serial no) Keep log and documentation of changes made.

etc (come auto.Div Select views & data : screens o Basic data 1 • Base unit G • Division • Matl group [with & without tax] • Gross wt • Net wt • Wt unit • Gen Item Cat Group .not required do not enter o Sales org 1 • Base unit G • Sales unit EA [on exit define EA=nG] • Division Sales Org 1: Base UoM Division Sales Unit gm. but if entered. weight unit. as defined above) (on exiting this screen. • • Important minimum settings: Basic Data 1: Base Unit of Measurement Material Group (defined earlier) Division GenItmCatGrp Select Organisational Levels [top butt] for Sorg. net wt. etc. delivery process required or not say. etc to group mat/services with similar attributes (01) Product division Item category defined for sales doc processing (Item category is defined to determine whether a sales activity is distr channel dependent. may cause probs ] o Classification . o Basic data 2 • DG dangerous goods [ not reqd. Sales–Gen / Plant: 74 by Harnath . packing dependent.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • Material is created specific to a Plant & Storage Location. that don’t require delivery processing. etc 01 (come auto. as defined above) Product Div (come auto. Define NORM here) Weight specifications gross wt. DZ (dozen). etc. it asks to define 1 EA = n UoM) Material Group o Sales org 2 • Gen Item Cat Group – NORM o Sales general / plant • Shipping data 0001 on pallets • Availability check 02 Individual Requirements.NORM gram. as defined above) EA (each). services. DC. kg meter.

forecast requirements Periodic indicator M monthly Availability check 02 Indl requests Pl conv factor 1 PL Plant [only if reqd] by Harnath MRP3 75 . gross wt.n/a o MRP1 [mat requirement plan] • MRP proc PD/ND • MRP controller 001 • Lot size DY [dynamic] • Ordering Costs 100 • Storage Costs Indicator 1 MRP1 (Material Requirement Planning) MRP type Lot size MRP Controller Ordering cost PD (activates MRP) DY (dynamic) group responsible for MRP as desired o MRP2 • Proc type X inhouse. X-both etc) 000 (key that determine the float required for scheduling an order) o MRP3 • • • . external prodn. F-external. net wt Transportation Group Loading Group comes auto (as defined above) 0001 (on pallets) 0001 (on crane) (specific transportation and loading requirement group that can be allocated to many materials must have been defined earlier. both etc • Schedule Margin Key 000 • [Message of 0 prodn inhouse is ok.] MRP2 Procurement type Schedule margin key X (E-inhouse.)  Note: “Sales : General/Plant” data is also relevant for sales & distribution but is valid for respective delivering Plant. SAP gives a message as foreign goods require some certificate as per IMPEX procs) o Sales Text . o Foreign trade export • Country of origin IN • Region 10 Karnataka [o/w while saving a message reg foreign goods] Foreign Trade Export Country of origin Region of origin(optional) Country from where material is bought Region of country (as mentioned above) (in case of national goods if this is not defined.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Availability check 01 (individual requirement) (this function specify SAP whether and how to check mat availability and generate requirement for Material Planning) Base UoM.

FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Period Indicator Availability check Planning conv factor M (monthly) 02 (comes auto. total value • Valuation class 7920 [if left blank. A. as defined above) INR (come auto. S – Seasonal fluctuation. MB1C error] • Prod stk val class 7920 • VC Stock val 7920 Accounting 1 Base UoM Currency Current period g (come auto. as defined above) 76 by Harnath .Both trend & seasonal fluctuation) o Quality management n/a o Forecasting • Historical periods 60 • Forecasts 12 • Forecast model D constant • Control data initialization X [by system] • Tracking limit [ 4. 100 g = 1 kg. M(manual) amount by which forecast may deviate used to initialize forecast based on a model (T – Trend. as defined above) eg. 2 – use all forecast model) D (constant) any (past periods used for forecasting) any (future periods for forecasting) X (by system).000 ]. etc (period in which material’s consumption values and forecast values are managed) (if there is a difference in UoM in present material and UoM of MRP) o MRP4 n/a MRP4 Forecast model Historical periods Forecast period Initialization Tracking limit Model selection Selection Procedure (1 – SAP will look for trends/seasonal fluctuations first and then use a relating forecast model. analytical model [ 2 ] o Work scheduling n/a o Plant data/storage1 n/a o Plant data/storage2 n/a o Warehouse mgmt 1 [do not configure] o Warehouse mgmt 2 [do not configure] o Accounting1 • Currency INR • Cost price xxxx • Cur period 03 1998 • Current valuation  BLANK • Valuation class 7920 [for finished goods FERT] • Price control S std price [will not be allowed if valuation category in general data is filled up] • Price unit 1 moving avg price • Prev period 02 1998 • Total stock.

group etc 77 by Harnath . Note: Data other than specifically mentioned above are also relevant and valid for ……………………… organizational units. a F/G material can be created.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Division Valuation Class Price control 01 (come auto. as defined above) 7920 (for Finished Goods) S (standard cost) – used to value inventory (will not be allowed if ‘valuation category’ in the same screen is selected) Standard price as desired Valuation class for Sales order 7920 (standard cost) Valuation class for Projected stock 7920 (standard cost)   respective Note: With the above minimum settings. • o Accounting 2 plant stock o Costing 1 n/a o Costing 2 n/a SAP/Logistics/MaterialManagement/InventoryManagement/Environment o Stock MMBE check stock • SAP/Logistics/SD/MasterData/BusPartners/Customers/Create o VD01 S&D • On selection SOLD TO PARTY .Screens • General data • Recon a/c 140000 • Trans payment 0001 • Sales area data. sales office.

as the above are linked to a sales area. bill to. • • INTEGRATION SALES & DISTRIBUTION WITH FI • IMG/SD/BasicFunctions/AcAssignment-Costing/Revenue A/c Determination o Check master data for Ac Assignment 78 by Harnath . [VD01 – sales areas. VD51 will work after VD01] Create Customer Material Info Record VD51 [SAP Menu > Logistics > SD > Master Data > Agreements > Customer Material Information] Any material with a technical name (as created under MM01) can be substituted with a “brand name” Note: VD51 will work only after a customer has been created. & entered the co code data.only complete delinery.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • • • • • Address Control data Marketing Unloading points Export data Contact persons Partner Functions [ enter SP. BP. PY. XD01 all areas] Shipping point . SH as sold to party. and not co code. payer & ship to with number INTERNAL ] You should have already created a customer under FD01. unlimited tolerance Billing document o Inv date 99 [intl] o Inco terms EXW WORKS o Payment terms 0001 Immediate • Acct assignment group 01 domestic revenues SAP/Logistics/SD/MasterData/Agreement/CustomerMaterialInformation • VD51 create [ to substitute technical material with brand name.

etc • • make sure that account group keys are entered in the Material master and Customer o Define dependencies for revenue a/c determination  Display. 01 Finished Products Packaging material Domestic Revenues Foreign Revenues. define a condition type “KOFI” (Account determination with CO) & “KOFK” (Account determination with CO) and assign it the access sequence KOFI (SAP standard – as defined above). without CO Acct assignment. one ‘alphanumeric’ key can be defined which can have upto ‘two’ characters and a description. Define Account determination type: Here condition types can be defined to be used by Access sequences (as defined above). Note: In Account determination procedure. KOFI will be assigned “3” i. with CO Acct assignment. change .field catalogue [ N/A ] o Define access sequence & a/c determination types  Maintain access sequences • KOFI A/c determination • KOFR o Define A/c determination types  KOFI  KOFR Define Access sequence and Account determination types Maintain Access sequences for Account determination: SAP standard Access sequence for Account determination is available with key “KOFI”.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling   Material AA group 01 trading groups [mfg].foreign.e. hence account groups have to be defined in co-ordination with FI & CO.) Note: Both KOFI & KOFK shall be within same step sequenced by ‘counter’ 1 & 2. (this 2 & 3 must have been defined earlier somewhere else. affiliated [CC] INTEGRATION OF SALES & DISTRIBUTION (SD) WITH FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING (FI) IMG > SD > Basic Function > Account Assignment / Costing > Revenue Account Determination Check Master data for Account assignment (Revenue Determination) Material Account Assignment group & Customer Account Assignment group: • SAP uses this parameter (group) when creating an accounting document from a billing (sales) document. under ‘requirement’ field. create. and KOFK will be assigned “2” i. Revenue accounts have been sub-divided into FI and CO.e. For simplicity sake. o Define and assign A/c determination procedures 79 by Harnath . Example Account groups can be: Material 01 02 Customer 02 • master record. etc (FERT) (VERP). 02 performances [ser] Customers AA group domestic. In case of each of these.

These are defined in co-ordination with FI. ERS.4] o Carryout document summarization for sales & distribution 80 by Harnath . mat grp and acct key. Cond type for Acct determn KOFI. MWS Define and Assign Accounting keys Accounting keys.2. o Define & assign a/c keys  ERL. MWS Discount/Taxes o Assign GL A/c’s [ create for 005 ] [ VKOA ]  001 cust grp/mat grp/A/c key  Application V  Condition KOFI  COA HPCL  S ORG HPCL  A/c Key Assign G/L Accounts In standard SAP settings. link the condition types (determination types) to the respective G/L accounts. Assign Account determination procedure: Procedure (defined above) is allocated to ‘Billing types’ (eg Invoice.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling    Billing Type F2 . etc) for which a corresponding account determination is to be carried out. Chart of Accounts INT. • • ON THE FA SIDE IMG/FA/GLA/BT/Integrate/S&D [ VKOA ] o Prepare revenue a/c determination [same as SD 001. Sales Org 0001 are common in all these tables.Proc KOFI00 Control Data KOFI 3 / KOFK 2 Cash Allocation A/c Key EVV cash clearing Define and Assign Account determination Procedure Define Account determination procedure: Here a procedure is defined which SAP uses to check the sequence (steps) in which ‘determination types’ (as defined above) are to be used for revenue determination. 5 types of tables contain different combinations for SD interface with FI where a relevant G/L account must be assigned : Table 001 002 003 004 005 Description Cust Grp / Mat Grp / Acct key Cust Grp / Acct key Mat Grp / Acct key General Acct Key Common combination of Application V. EWS. Combination varies only on cust grp. SAP standard procedure is available with key “KOFI00”. when assigned.3. SAP standard accounting keys are: ERF freight revenues ERL revenues ERS sales deductions EVV cash settlement MWS sales tax o Assign A/cing key  ZWMP01 ERL Revenue. Credit Memo.

so that taxes are calculated. You may have to explore USTX etc. populating and assigning pricing procedure in one screen only (by header menus). analyse at VA01. o A/c keys ERL Revenue.maintain pricing o Header . In case VFX3 reports that a taxcode SA etc is missing. In FICO all taxes are incl]In case you want to analyse why taxes not calc. – in MWST add condition thru VK11 – in ZWMP01. Plant is Set i. an existing procedure can be copied and changes be made via condition types to suite the requirement in hand. Tax Probs SD/Basci Func/Taxes/Plants Abroad/Assign GL Ac to Ac Key / goto table …………………………… 005 Appli CondType COA Sorg Act Key GL A/c …………V KOFI HPCL HPCL MWS 175000 Regionwise taxes possible thru county code. Header > pricing procedure Define Pricing procedure V/08 SAP has standard pricing procedures for many a cases. condition MWST must have Reqt 10 [plant is set] & at AltCBV 16 [net value – this makes tax on net value i. Note: For taxes.  Note: It is recommended that copy be made by prefixing ‘Z’ to the original procedure. 2 std+tax Condition Type MWST as under : Cond Class Calc type Cond Cat Rounding rule Manual entries Group cond Header cond Item cond Text det proc D A D BLANK Blank On On On Taxes Access sequence Plus /minus MWST A Amount/perc Text id On 0001 o SD does not generate taxes.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling PRICING PROCEEDURE • VOK0 .e. Tax on Net i.e. the same can be created in FA Global.pricing porceedure copy from WMP001 to ZWMP01 o Customer pricing procedure 1 std. which we will copy to ZWMP001 and incorporate various condition types for excise duties and sales taxes that we defined in FI.Tax probs VOK0 / Acc Seq MWST . dbl click qty / conditions / analysis. MWS TAX. only I/O taxes. County can be set at plant & customer a/c. but MWST does not support it.e. as it displays all functions related to defining.e. we will proceed with simple ‘base amount’ and ‘taxes’ only (which have been defined and populated in FI). ERS Discount PRICING PROCEDURE  Note: An old version transaction code VOK0 is quite useful. check the following setting: Reqt Alt Cond Base Value 10 16 i.e. base amount Header > Pricing procedure > Customer Pricing Procedure 81 by Harnath .   Note: WMP001 does not have any condition type for discounts and other considerations (which are mainly defined and populated in SD) which can of course be added but for simplicity sake. exclusive.for Access No 8 [Departure Country/ Destination Country] Requirement 8 [Export business exclusive on] and condition type MWST [VOK0 / VK11] created for taxcode A1. SAP standard pricing procedure for Product Catalogue is WMP001 which (incorporates taxes in pricing) but it has condition type MWST i. yet if a different procedure has to be created.

the latter being same as in FI).e.condition type / Access sequence  Accesses  Fields o Header .e.e.pricing procedure/proc determination  Ensure co has the relevant pricing procedure ZWMP01 o Header . 1  UOM ie EA  Calc Type i. C Qty  Valid . JT2. there is table for each condition “Create Condition Tables” besides the “Define Condition Types” function. INR  Per i. Header > Condition Types > Condition types & Access sequences Maintain Condition Types and Access Sequences V/06 & V/07 Normally SAP standard condition types and Access sequences (say MWST) will be available in both FI & SD (in SD.condition type / definition  Copy from PR00 to ZPR0 Condition Type ZPRO as under : Cond Class Calc type Cond Cat Rounding rule Manual entries Header cond Item cond Scale basis Check value Qty conversion Text det proc B C Blank Blank B On On C A On Price Access sequence Plus /minus PR02 Blank Amount/perc Pricproc On Zwmp01 Pricing date Text id Blank 0001  Set entries from Manual priority to Auto priority o Header .from / to Condition must exist for a particular material to process sales order. As we have defined our condition types (JT1. etc) and access sequence (TAXINM) ourselves.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Customer Pricing Procedure 1 2 Standard Standard incl Sales tax OVKP o Header . 82 by Harnath .e. sale price  Unit i. it has to be ensured that the condition types and access sequence and all relevant Account keys are made available in SD also.environment / maintain condition / create [TC-VK11]  Enter condition type  Select material with release status  Material  Rate i. Condition must exist for a particular tax code at the country and domestic business level for correct taxes.

Header > Pricing Procedure > Procedure determination Assign Pricing procedure to Sales Area (a comb of SO. Reason FERT is not defined for updating in IMG/CO/PCC/PCPlanning/Mat_cost_estimate_with_qty_stru/ Settings_for_qty_stru_control/Material_data/Check_attributes_of_mat_types/ select matl & left Qty/Value updating & FERT  You may have to incorporate valuation group OMWD A/c determination . Distr chl. Initialize Open periods OMSY MMBE MMPI / MMPV Initializes open period for material posting which had earlier been closed. enter material name and other relevant detail. Initial stock entry [DO NOT COPY WH.. INITIAL STOCK ENTRY SAP/Logisticsl/MM/InvMgmt/GoodsMovement/GoodsReceipt/Other • MB1C . Use MMPV & close period by period. OR DEFINE IT FOR MM01] Sometimes MB1C gives an error – product class FERT does not exist / consistent etc. entry into unrestricted use Check Stock Displays an overview of stock. validity from/to.  Note: This function would delete all future records (i.create initial stock of material o Movement type 561 o Entry into unrestricted use o Doc date posting date • Stock MMBE check stock • IMG/FA/Global/Document/PostingPeriods/Open&ClosePP o OMSY material management on co codes o MMPI to initiallise posting periods [for materials] o MMPI does not work in 4.e. Div) Header > Environment > Condition > create/change Associating Material with condition type VK11 OVKK Enter condition type. from the date of initializing till date) for the concerned material which might be existing in the system.MM/Valu&A/cAssignment/A/cDeter/Wizard [ not recommended ] A/c deter w/out wizard . Material Management view on Co codes Displays open period for material posting for a company code. consumption.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Populate the pricing procedure with relevant condition types and accounting keys. etc data. balance. DATA ENTRY – Initial Stock [SAP Menu > Logistics > MM > Inventory Management > Goods Movement > Goods Receipt ] Enter other Goods : Initial Stock Activity: Movement Type 561 MB1C i.e.70. select Material with release status.configure auto postings [use options/simulation/input mode] 83 by Harnath .

analyse at VA01.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling If a/c’s are blank. 84 by Harnath .GBB etc MB1C – FERT – 7920 .561 Proc UMB gain/loss reval BSX inv posting PRD cost price diff PRA GBB offsetting entry BSA VAX PK 83 89 86 81 81 A/c Dr 232500 792000 231500 799999 893010 PK 93 99 96 91 91 A/c Cr 282500 D/C. BSX. Sales Order ZMIL as under : SD Document Cat No range int assig No range ext assig Check division Probability Output Aplication Screeen sequence grp Incompletion Proc Transaction Grp Doc Pric Proc Delivery type Shipping conditions Dlv rel billing type Order rel billing type InterComp bill type C 01 02 2 100 V1 AU 11 0 A LF 01 F2 F2 IV Item no increment Sub item increment Item division Read info record Display Criteria Fcode for overw scr 10 10 On On UALL UER1 CndType line items Payment guar proc Payment card plan type Checking type Propose delivery date EK02 01 03 01 On SALES ORDER & BILLING [SAP Menu > Logistics > Sales & Distribution > Sales] Create Sales Order VA01 Sales Order is created with reference to a ‘sales area’. & re enter the VA01. Sales order is first created with open status (ZMIL).LE & complete data comparison under Log General. ensure BA assignment in all LG. Create a new order type under IMG/SD/Sales/Sales_Documents/SDHeader/DefineSDTypes create newAssign sales area to SD Types IMG/Basic_Function/AA&Costing/AssignGLAccounts [140000. create from VD01 / in VA01 use create button. SD. 140030 if former does not work]In case you want to analyse why taxes not calc. G/M.Order [2 change. PRD. dr/cr Memo. V/C 893010    SALES ORDER & BILLING • SAP/LOG/SD/SALES o VA01 .In case of Business Area. material & qty  Check Taxes [ Dbl Click Qty. inco terms. Standard order. 3 display] sales order first created with open status [ ZMIL tc VOV8 ] [ F2 tc VOFA ]  Complete details of sold to party. G/M. etc) option is there. Type of Sales order (i. Conditions]  Save o Sold to party does not exist – when customer was created under FD01. V/C 799999 D/C.e. V/C 792000 V/C 281500 D/C. dbl click qty / conditions / analysis. enter relevant a/c’s manually for procedures UMB.

update and carryout new pricing. 85 by Harnath .outbound delivery order [2 change. the price can be changed thru VA02 & carryout new pricing. In case GL A/c 893010 not existing error. dbl click qty in the order. update and carryout new pricing. you have to enter it here. create thru a separate session. Note: After delivery but before billing. 3 display] If storage loca not entered at MM01. goto conditions. goto FS00 & create with reference. etc → ‘Check Taxes’ will show the taxes details (to ensure that condition types defined and populated is ok) → Save Change Sales Order Display Sales Order VA02 VA03 • Shipping & Transportation/Outbound Delivery o VL01N . dbl click qty in the order. Enco terms. o Post goods issue [ MM & FI are affected ] OUTBOUND DELIVERY [SAP Menu > Logistics > Shipping & Transportation > Outbound Delivery] Create Outbound Delivery (with ref to Sales order) Activity: Enter storage Location and Pick Goods In Picking goods are locked for Customer Post Goods issue (FI & MM are affected after posting) VL01N   Note: In case of PR00 missing error.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Activity: → Details of Sold-to-Party. After delivery but before billing. create thru a separate session. go to conditions. the price can be changed thru VA02 & carryout new pricing. Problems of shipping point / condition clear as above. o Enter storage location and pick the goods o In picking the goods are blocked for a customer. Create Outbound Delivery (without ref to Sales order) Change Outbound Delivery Display Outbound Delivery VL03N VL01NO VL02N • • In case of PR00 missing error. SC 01 [std].

In case of wrong reco a/c. S&D/Foreign Trade Customs/Basic Data for Foreign Trade/Define Comodity Codes /Import Code Nos by Country : There should be no entry for IN. View the accounting entries. 140000 is the normal reco a/c [img/s&d/basic functions/account assign costing/reco acct determination/assign GL a/c’s][ OV64 ]. o Save o In case of Foreign Trade Error : S&D/Foreign Trade Customs/Control Foreign Trade Data in MM & SD Documents o /Import Screens in Purchasing Documents : HPCL Import Data should be BLANK. GoTo Billing doc type F2 [defined in img/s&d/sales/sales doc header/define sales doc[sales order] types . In case Acc Det Cash settlement is on. In case it is unsuccessful. a message will appear to go to notes at top header. [ FBN1 ] In case of Billing problems – no a/c docs use VFX3 at SAP/LOG/SD/Billing/Billing Doc and release biling doc for a/cing by clicking flag 7 . Using 140030 will stop postings to the Customer A/c. o o o VF02 the billing doc comes up auto. The delivery order comes up auto. Use [img/s&d/billing/billing documents/define billing types] [ VOFA ]. In case of no doc no range.VOV8]. create the doc no range.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • BILLING o VF01 create billing document. Billing Document F2 as under : Billing type No range int assig SD document category Transaction group Negative posting Branch/Head Office Cr memo w/val dt Invoice list type Cancellation type Account determ proc Doc pric proc Acc det rec acc Acc det cash set Acc det pay cards Output deter proc Item output proc Output type Header partners Item partners Text deter proc Text determ proc itm F2 19 M 7 No Custo No LR S1 KOFI00 A KOFIAB Blank A00001 V10000 Blank RD00 FK FP 03 04 Item no increment Statistics mer/Payer/Branches Rel for rebate Blank On On Application V3 86 by Harnath . the posting will go to a GL a/c instead of a customer a/c. and ENSURE ONLY RECO A/C IS ON .

save.SAP assumes that inventory related a/c’s will differ by material type. plant. with/without the wizard or a combination of both o The wizard always reads the existing customization settings first. you cannot post to that material type. Hence if you select ”Yes”.all plant or co codes in the same group will post identically o Examine different material types . However some a/c postings like freight may not differ by material. it would mean that even non – material types like freight are material type dependent. BSX rule for valuation is always set “ON”. o Maintain inventory accounts . If a material type is unchecked. These are displayed as defaults & form the basis for further adjustments. o Select a/c postings o Maintain valuation classes . o Maintain dr/cr rule : in MM there are transactions & events that may be posted to the Expenses/Revenue a/c or to Price Differences. o Pre-requisites co code. material types o Select material type used FERT .ideally you should have one valuation class per material type. This a/c is either dr or cr depending on whether then transactions or event requires a correction to your disadvantage [DR] or in your favour [CR]. BSX rules for dr/cr & a/c modifier is always set “OFF”.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling BILLING [SAP Menu > Logistics > Billing > Billing Document] Create Billing Document Delivery order comes up automatically. so that a DR 87 by Harnath .stock a/c nos to be filled up. You make configurations relevant to transactions in Inventory Management & invoice verification [for automatic postings to GL a/c in Financial Accounting & Cost Accounting] o You do the above. and it will be posted in SD & FI Change Billing Document Display Billing Document VF02 VF03 VF01 INTEGRATION MATERIALS MANAGEMENT • IMG/MM/Valuation & A/c Assignment o A/c determination wizard [DO NOT COMPLETE]. o Activate purchase a/c mgmt Y/N o Activate purchase a/c mgmt for co codes o Assign chart of accounts o Assign plants to groups . Internal processing key BSX. Check  only material types in use & be careful when you uncheck a material type.finished goods. You can setup two a/c’s.

in this case the wizard takes you to a detail screen. o Final Screen . and a lot of other users will be affected] Account determination without wizard o Define valuation control [ OMWM ]  Group code active o Group together valuation areas  Val group code 0001  Val area plant o Define valuation classes  A/c category reference  Valuation class [ OMSK ]  Material type/A/c category reference [ OMS2 ] o Define A/c group for movement type  One complete table contains cols  Movement type  Special stock  Val update  Consumption  Val string  Counter  Tran event key  A/c modifier  Check up assignment Purchase a/c management o Activate purchase a/c in co code o Calculation of value for purchase a/c .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • is posted to one & a CR to another. Depending on its rules. leave it blank. some process keys may have more than one a/c no. By entering corresponding nos to each transaction for a material movement. If you are unsure of an a/c. you are assigning a/c nos to the internal process keys.define whether the system should create 2 separate FI docs for stock & purchase a/c postings or for invoice & purchase a/c postings  Goods receipt doc 1 88 by Harnath .DO NOT COMPLETE [o/wise the wizard will auto a/c assign.whether receipted value of purchase with/without delivery costs o Separate a/cing documents for purchase a/c postings . & change later. The process keys are :  Cost [price] differences PRD  Exp/rev from stock transfer AUM  Exp/inc from revaluation UMB  Offsetting entry for inventory postings GBB  Exp/rev from consignment mat consumption AKO o Maintain MM Transactions . Checking a checkbox  will set the DR/CR rule “ON” for the corresponding internal process key.start with the 1st incomplete transaction [no green mark] & work your way down.

define a new doc type for the 2nd a/c doc. 89 by Harnath . Invoice Verification o Configure Doc type for separate Purchasing a/c doc o Assign the new doc type to logistics invoice verification transactions. invoice receipt etc] • • Document 2 • Purchase offsetting a/c & • Stock/price diff a/c  Invoice receipt • Purchase a/c • To GR/IR clearing a/c / vendor a/c  For delivery costs • Freight a/c • To Freight clearing a/c o You can use only 2 documents if the purchase a/c is posted at the receipt value.MB0A & purchasing trans [beginning with ME* & ML*] You must also assign the new doc type for automatic movements. o Activate separate a/c doc in val area. o Assign a no range to the document o Configure no range for new doc type Inventory management o Assign a new doc type to inventory management trans. In std SAP config. MB01. only one a/c doc is created. o Create new doc type for separate doc . The doc type must be different from the doc type for goods receipt [GR. o/wise the difference between GR/IR clearing a/c and the purchase a/c would result in a balance not being equal to zero. This includes all transactions that generate goods movements with reference to purchase orders i.e. MB04.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • •  OR • • • •  Purchase a/c DR To GI/IR clearing a/c Purchase a/c DR Freight a/c DR To GR/IR clearing a/c To Freight clearing a/c [goods inward.WN] and invoice receipts [IR].

w/o downpayment ASSET ACCOUNTING IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Organizational Structure Check Country specific settings SAP has pre-configured Assets Accounting for most of the countries but 4. capitalize Auc.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling ASSET ACCOUNTING • Organisational Structure [ OA08 ] o Check country specific settings  LVA low value assets  AUC assets under construction Post net book value. All country specific settings get assigned to the company. 90 by Harnath . However 4.7 version is available with country-India settings.6c version is not available with country-India version for assets accounting. once the (SAP specific) Chart of Depreciation is assigned to the Company code.

will get posted to the LVA assets and not to their respective class.change desc o Copy delete depreciation areas  Book dep. but other depr area can also be defined in any such ‘chart of depr’ so that values of one area can be taken over by other area. SAP ignores down payments made to the construction company. if this is selected. tax depr. Depreciation Areas Depreciation area is set up to handle depreciation for a particular purpose say.g. o Specify description . ‘Derived’ depr area is one which derives its value form real depr and is used in cases where additional or special depreciation is allowed. Each depr area belongs to at least one ‘chart of depr’. cost accounting depr. The chart of depreciation enables you to manage all rules for the valuation of assets in a particular country or economic region. irrespective of its asset class. ½ the value is considered for dep etc. you have to copy the reference chart of depreciation. unlike IT dep which is not posted  Negative values in assets are allowed  Proportion of depreciation – if the divisor is 2. 01 Book Depreciation 91 Double click for setting the parameters by Harnath . Net Book value for depr changeover: SAP changes the method of depr once ‘net book value. Post net book value: If this is selected SAP doesn’t post gain/loss on disposal of assets. depr key must be defined with ‘changeover method 3’. any asset below this value. and are therefore not directly accessible in the SAP system. For e. Depreciation area can be ‘real’ or ‘derived’. SAP provides country-specific charts of depreciation with predefined depreciation areas. It is instead posted (for net book value of the asset) to ‘revenue clearing from asset sale’ – not used in India. In this case. gets below this amount. etc. IT dep etc  Real dep areais posted to GL. book depr. statutory reporting (tax depr) or other internal management reporting purposes (cost accounting depr). These charts of depreciation serve only as a reference for creating your own charts of depreciation. (but mandatory in France) Capitalize AuC w/o Down payments: While capitalizing an asset under construction.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling (double click and you get into the following parameters) Max value for LVA posting: If certain value is specified here. • Copy reference chart of dep / dep areas [ EC08 ] Copy Reference Chart of Depreciation / Depreciation areas Chart of Depreciation The chart of depreciation is a list of depreciation areas arranged according to business and legal requirements. When creating a chart of depreciation. → → ‘Real’ depreciation area is which get posted to G/L accts and reflected in financial statements P&L a/c and B/S (book depr).

as proposed by system [ AS08 ] o Define asset classes . If this is done valuation can be done by main asset no which shall include data for all sub-nos irrespective of its location. 92 by Harnath .[ OAOA ] o Specify COD dependent screen layout / account assignment  Normally not reqd. assets are created with ‘Main Asset No’ under which many assets are created with sub-numbers. However if no such setting is desired. The system enters ‘Account determinations’.e.e. COD dependent. ‘ABCD’ if configuring ABCD) must be assigned to the company code being configured. IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Organizational Structure > Assets Classes Generate Assets Classes from G/L accounts (1 to 1) Here Asset classes are generated in a 1 to 1 relationship to G/L accounts.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 15 Tax Balance Sheet 20 Cost Accounting Depreciation parameters: Depr Book Depr Tax Depr Cost on 3 Only depr posted in G/L Acct Real depr area indicator on on (this indicator ‘on’ means SAP will store these values in database) Posting in G/L a/c indicator 1 Post assets in G/L real-time 0 No values are posted in G/L o Assign COD to co code [ OAOB ] o Specify number assignment across co codes [ AO11 ]  Use co code for assignment of no ranges Specify number assignment across Company Codes In SAP.  Note: Carrying out this step is not mandatory.suffix for VA [value adjustment] is 010. Hence if Bldg = 2000. ‘Screen layout rules’ and ‘Number ranges’ in the asset class as control parameters. accum dep is 2010 [199990 clg asset acqui] o Create screen layout rules . Generating Asset classes from G/L accounts is an optional step and can be used to simplify the creation of asset classes.as porposed by system o Define no ranges interval . It is possible to define ‘Main Asset No’ across various Company codes. • Asset Classes [ DO NOT COMPLETE ] o Generate asset classes from GL a/c’s  Select APC [acquisition & prodn costs]  Checking the APC indicator will generate an asset class  Enter default a/c’s for all a/c determinations [825000] o Specify A/c determination . unless you want these control specs to be country specific i. same co code (i.

are selected. so that the first characters of the asset number agree with the first characters of the APC account number. 000000010000 000000019999 external . Activities: A Wizard guides through the 7 different navigation steps. Whole list of G/L accounts appear.e. depreciation accounts) ‘10’ will result in acc deprn as 11010 for asset class 11000.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling  Note: Alternatively. for example. Assets. the 5-character key for the screen layout control has to be entered manually.e. Copying classes is useful for adding to Asset classes. and Asset retirements – revenue clearing. out of which G/L accounts that are APC (Acquisition and Production Costs) balance sheet accounts. 93 by Harnath . Specify whether the assignment of the main asset number should be external or internal. Step 7 The system creates an asset class with the same name as each APC account. ‘define number range intervals’ and ‘define asset classes’ – assumes importance.e. SAP supplies example asset classes. Screen layout 1100 Note: When the APC account has a number that is at most 5 characters long. You can add to this information for more depreciation areas in a later step. (configuration in following steps are meant for Plant & Machinery) Enter chart of accounts and the chart of depreciation. in case of alternative method. Step 3 Step 4  Note: The system prepares an account determination and corresponding accumulated depreciation for each APC account. Additional account determinations. Field groups for optional entries can be entered in the asset class.  Step 1 Step 2 Note: If a wizard is not run or any change is desired after it has run. one can change these accounts for each account determination). already generated from G/L accounts (using the current step). (as shown in the 4th step i. Screen layout controls and Number ranges. And one can change the number range intervals as needed: • • 01 Change the limits of the number ranges. suffix for VA accounts) account determination accumulated depreciation Step 5 11000 (comes auto) 11010 (comes auto) G/L a/c is also 11000 A number range interval is defined for each APC account. SAP creates Assets classes (similar to the G/L a/c no in description). one can define the number range intervals.‘off’  Step 6 Note: SAP recommends internal number assignment. for those G/L accounts that are selected as APC accounts. The system creates a screen layout control for each APC account. with a description that is the same / similar to that of the given APC account. Here the following parameters are added to the asset classes: • • 0 1 2 3 Asset Class 11000 (comes auto) Specify type of the asset class without AuC / LVA / CLVA asset under construction low value asset collective low value assets • Specify the default depreciation key and the default useful life for each depreciation area. ‘create screen layout rules’. (as in 7 th step. Asset classes are not generated until saved. loss or gain for all account determinations. Asset classes can be defined or copied without the help of G/L accounts using the step “Define asset classes”. System asks for suffix for VA accounts (Value Adjustment i. If the account number has more than 5 characters. next 4 IMG activities – ’specify account determination’. the system automatically assigns the account number as the key for the screen layout control. i. asset class automatically appears) Enter G/L accounts for Expense-ordinary depreciation. (In a later step however. can be defined in the section “Organizational Structures”. However.

if it uses the same chart of accounts and is posted to the same G/L account. the system checks if there are also transactions for the assets. A name is given to the Account determination but no properties are given at this stage. If assets do exist. the following options are available: → → → Delete all asset classes and their assets. If it is. Activity: Define an Asset class Important settings: Account determination Screen layout Number Range External sub-number 11000 1100 01 ‘no’ SAP recommendation All these variables as defined in earlier steps now available for assignment 11000 Plant & Machinery (double click to get inside settings) 1100 11000 G/L a/c is also 11000 ASSET A/C INTEGRATION WITH GENERAL LEDGER • Define how dep areas are posted to GL 94 by Harnath . Note: However an Account determination can be used by several asset class. ‘optional’ and ‘suppressed’ fields. (same features as document no ranges. the system checks whether assets already exist for the existing asset classes. Acct determn for Plant & Machinery (Asset class) Screen Layout for Master Record FSV are defined for ‘required’. only asset classes. Activity: A name is given to the screen layout but no properties are given at this stage. the G/L account to which a transaction for asset will be posted and also its off-setting entry. then the system creates. If not. based on the selected G/L accounts selected. also see concepts stated in wizard stage) Activity: 01 000000010000 000000019999 external . If there are no transactions. these can be defined here one by one.‘off’ Define Asset Classes If Asset classes were not generated earlier form G/L accounts. nor are they deleted and created again. account determinations and so on that were not yet created.   Activity: Note: An asset class must have one Account determination. then you can only add new asset classes Specify Account Determination Account determination determines the ‘reconciliation account’ in G/L ledger i. Screen Layout for Plant & Machinery Define Number Range Interval Here ‘main number’ range for Assets are defined. the system deletes the existing asset classes and generates them again. There is no separate range for sub-numbers. Normally it bears resemblance with the G/L account it refers to. If the company code is not yet in production.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling  • • • Note: The function for generating asset classes can be used more than once. these can be internally or externally assigned. Any existing asset classes are not changed. and generate them again Only add new asset classes If transactions exist for the assets.e. the system checks whether the company code is already in production status. The system uses the following logic when this function is used again: First.

choose a/c allocation. select any one Acct Det o Define acquisition/retirement a/c’s for COA [dbl click desc]  Acquisition 11000 M/c & Equip  Contra A/c for acq 191400 clg acqui  Retirement Clg a/c 825000 Clg Asset Disp  Gain 820000 Rev Asset Ret  Loss 200000 Loss Asset Disp  Loss w/o Rev 200000 “ “ “ o Define depreciation accounts for COA [dbl click desc]  Ord Dep 11010 ADP M/c & Equip  Exp A/c 211130 Dep M/c & Equip Assign G/L Accounts Here for each Account Determination defined earlier. earlier given parameter 1 i.e. Assign GL a/c’s o Choose an allocation – select COA.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o o o o 0 1 2 3 no values posted post assets in GL realtime post assets periodically to GL only depreciation posted IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Integration with General Ledger Define how depreciation areas post to General Ledger Here G/L a/c posting indicator is set for each depreciation area defined. Activity: Account Determination Depreciation area01 11000 Book Depreciation double click to get inside settings Define Acquisition & retirement accounts: Assign G/L accounts for “Acquisition account assignment” and “Retirement account assignment” Define Acquisition & retirement accounts: Depreciation area01 Book Depreciation double click to get inside settings Assign G/L accounts for “Ordinary depreciation account assignment” and “Unplanned depreciation account assignment” 95 by Harnath . post assets in General Ledger realtime. cannot be changed here while other depreciation areas can be given some other parameter. if desired. Parameters available are: 0 1 2 3 Activity: Book Depreciation Tax Depreciation Cost Accounting Depreciation 1 post assets in General Ledger real-time 0 no values are posted in General Ledger 3 only depreciation posted in General Ledger no values are posted in General Ledger post assets in General Ledger real-time post assets periodically in General Ledger only depreciation posted in General Ledger  • Note: Book depreciation. retirement. and profit/loss on disposal of assets for each depreciation area. G/L accounts are assigned for transactions relating to acquisition/production.

e. half-yearly or yearly for each depreciation area. However changes required specific to asset accounts can be made here regarding ‘required’. monthly. no. no of periods between 2 dep runs Specify Intervals and posting rules Here intervals for depreciation posting is defined i.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • Specify posting key for asset posting o 70 DR 75 CR for asset posting o 40 DR 50 CR for GL a/c posting Specify posting keys for Asset posting Here keys for asset posting in Asset register as well as G/L accounts are defined.remaining dep spread evenly  Catchup . Posting depreciation to general ledger o Specify document types for posting of dep [AF] IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Integration with General Ledger > Post depreciation to General Ledger Specify document type for posting of Depreciation Define Document type: SAP has provided standard settings AF Depreciation posting Specify doc type for posting of depreciation: Assign AF to ABCD o Specify intervals and posting rule [dbl click desc]  Smoothen . ANL dr ANC ANS ANL 40 40 70 50 50 cr (double click to set posting keys) • • • • Change FSV of the Asset GL a/c’s o Change FSV for posting keys  DR 40. Activity: double click each depr area to set intervals Depr area 01 Book Depreciation 15 Tax Depreciation yearly interval monthly 12 period bet interval (months) 1  Monthly calc is annual deprn / 12 96 by Harnath . Note the settings: Asset Management posting group Procedures Additional accounts for asset accounting Asset posting 75 G/L a/c posting from asset posting Change Field Status Variant of the Asset G/L accounts Mainly standard settings (posting keys) and those which have already been defined earlier (assignment of FSV to Company code).specifies the key which identifies the B/S & P&L version.period interval 001 i.70 must have reversal CR 50.75 for GL & Assets Assign input tax indicators for Non-Taxable Acquisitions : Input tax & Output Tax [ OBCL ] Specify Fin Stat Version for Asset Reporting .arrears of dep updated  Monthly .e. of periods between two consecutive depreciation posting. Selection should be made along with correct ‘period interval’ i. ‘optional’ or ‘suppressed’ fields.e.

one need not / cannot maintain depreciation terms other than that of reference area in asset master record.imputed interest in addition to depreciation  Post revaluation . Specify transfer of depreciation terms [similar to transfer of APC values] Specify transfer of Depreciation terms Similar to above. Specify transfer of APC values In SAP asset values of one depr area can be used by other areas.as per asser master record o Other posting settings  Post interest . 97 by Harnath . A dep area can only adopt values from an area which has a smaller key than itself.   • Note: Some other depr area can be made ‘base depr area’ in this IMG activity. 03 can adopt values from 01 and not vice versa.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling  Note: One can also assign depreciation to cost centers.e. SAP has defined 01 i. etc in this IMG activity. Book Depreciation area is ‘00’ and is not open to be changed. Therefore no transfer is possible to area 01.e. allow posting of imputed interest.e.e. o Co account assignment  Assign cost centers – for dep posting  Post to internal order . dep after useful life VALUATION • Specify COD [ OAPL ] • Depreciation areas o Define depreciation areas .e. hierarchy is maintained i. useful life.01 Book Dep IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Valuation > Depreciation area Define Depreciation areas and area type SAP standard settings are available: Depr area 01 15 20 Book Depreciation Tax Depreciation Cost Acct Depreciation 03 07 Area type 01 valuation for trade B/S valuation for tax B/S cost account valuation • o Specify area types  01 Valuation for trade balance sheet Specify transfer of APC values / valuation adoption from another dep area.revaluation of APC [acquisition & prodn costs] & dep [ [when planned life ends] i. Note: ‘Ref area’ for 01 i. etc) of one depr area can also be used by other depr areas. revaluation. depreciation terms (i. Only exceptions are – derived depr areas and areas for revaluation & investment support. all other areas derive their Asset B/S values (APC values) from depr area 01.e. Book Depreciation area as standard for other depreciation area (all real depr areas) i. and in such a case. depreciation keys.

100 years in this field. Note: ‘Ref area’ for 01 i. LVA check . several LVA assets are grouped and compared with the max LVA 98 by Harnath . of months in case of fractional life DG30 years over which assets under this class are to be depreciated Plant & Machinery Book Depreciation if this is ‘on’. SAP needs it to calculate depreciation. the assets in an asset class use the same depreciation terms (depreciation key. periods = 6] o Index . new assets can’t be created in this class.e. Note the settings: 0 no maximum amount check 1 individual management i.0 no max amount check o 1 value based max amount check o 2 check max amount with quantity IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Valuation > Amount specification (Company code / Depreciation area) Specify maximum amount for low-value assets Specify LVA classes: Here each Asset Class is assigned a LVA parameter. you do not have to maintain the depreciation terms in the asset master record. one can put very high value say. Any change in reference depr area will not automatically be updated in dependent depr area unless “identical” is kept ‘on’.index series for replacement values o Layout . useful life).e. Book Depreciation area is ‘00’ and is not open to be changed. they can be default values from the asset class. • Determine Depreciation areas in the Asset Class o Select asset class & depreciation area o Depreciation key o Use – useful life o Per .useful life periods [if useful life = 7. However if some depreciation method is used which is independent of the useful life. Note the settings: Asset Class Depr Area Ch of Depr only negative value LVA check 0 1 2 11000 01 off off no maximum amount check value based maximum amount check quantity based maximum amount check assets with min life below this level are not allowed in this asset class no.screen layout Determine Depreciation Area in Asset Class Generally. SAP checks value of each asset in this class for max LVA 2 collective management i. Therefore.e.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling   Note: ‘Ref depr area’ must be smaller that the ‘dependent depr area’. Instead. Minimum / Maximum life Life period Useful Life (wherever used) Depreciation key  • Note: ‘Useful Life’ is a mandatory field (irrespective of FSVs) except when depreciation key is 0000. SAP normally comes with standard settings for country specific requirements.

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A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling

amount Specify amount for LVA: Maximum amount for LVA is defined for each depreciation area.

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Amount specifications [value based check] o Specify max amount for LVA & asset class o Specify rounding off of Net Book Value & Dep - net book value at year end rounded off to whole o Specify changeover amount – for changeover to the key defined in the dep key o Specify memo value for Dep areas - a value exists even though the planned expected useful life has already been exceeded Fiscal year o FYV - specify other version on Dep area level. Reqd only in exceptional situations Shortened Fiscal Years -Define reduction rules for shortened FY for ordinary & spl dep, interest & revaluation, because in a shortened FY, it is generally necessary to reduce dep in proportion to the reduction in the length of the fiscal year. [Maintain Dep Key – refer DEP/Val Methods/Dep Key] Use of half months in the co code - mid month - date which specifies the middle of a period i.e. 15 days
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Valuation > Fiscal Year Use of half months in Company Code Using this function, one can calculate depreciation in these company codes on the basis of half months or half periods. Half months can only be used with calendar fiscal year versions. Define weighting of periods This options can be used in case of seasonal industry, where assets are only used for part of an year and hence depreciation needs to be accounted for in those active period only, for financial statements to reflect true operational performance. Depreciation is still taken for whole year, only it is weighted in active months only. This option is mainly exercised for management analysis purposes and not for statutory compliance purposes.

Define weighting of periods o Specify areas for individual period weighting - indicator can be set for UNEQUAL depreciation, a requirement in seasonal industries. o Weight periods in FY version - choose a FY o Period - after which dep is calculated or incase of retirement, upto which dep is calculated o WT prop - weight proportion - normally for all periods dep is equal, but if a value is entered for this period dep = relative wt / total weights
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Currencies o Define dep areas for foreign currencies o Specify the use of parallel currencies - 10 = co code currency Group Assets o Specify dep areas for group assets - indicator for managing group assets o Specify asset classes for group assets - indicator – class entirely consists of group assets Go to SAP menu o Create a vendor FK01 - remember to complete reco a/c’s [next scr] o Create an asset – sap/ac/fa/fixed assets/asset/create AS01 [AW01N - asset explorer]  AS01 - asset class  General - description, sr no, qty  Time dependent - leave blank  Allocation - evaluation [components] • Integration of assets & equipment o Equipment no - part of a big asset, made up of smaller assets  Origin – country, vendor etc  Leasing – type, base value, lease payments  Dep areas - dep key, useful life, periods, op dep start – date if not no dep calc o SAP/Fixed assets/postings/acquisitions  External acquisitions • F-90 with vendor o Posting key 31 CR vendor 70 DR asset o Tran type for 70 is 100 ext asset acquisition • F-91 clearing offsetting entry - for clearing payment to vendor [after entering asset entries as above, enter the bank entry & process open items][It is advisable to enter 50, 113100 & save the asset first before bank entry, so that an open item appears for the vendor. If not previous open items must exist to process the bank entry.] • ABZON - acquisition with automatic offsetting entry [could be used for uploading asset w/out vendor][MULTIPLE ASSETS ALSO POSSIBLE. The asset must have been created, and no vendor/taxes will be calculated. Provision for existing/new asset. Business area entry essential if defined]

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A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling

DEPRECIATION • Ordinary Depreciation o Determine dep areas - values should be –ve or 0 o Assign a/c’s - choose a/c allocation & a/c determination o Define unit of prodn [UOP]  STCK default UOP - total units are for the whole year.  Period unit - units produced in a period – month. For more than 1 year, define units for all the years. Based on the useful life, dep/yr is calculated & then broken up in a year based on UOP.
IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Depreciation > Ordinary Depreciation Determine depreciation areas Here depreciation areas are selected for ordinary depreciation. Also +ve or –ve sign is allowed for each depreciation area. In normal procedure, ordinary depreciation is selected with “negative and zero values allowed” (double click depr area). Assign G/L Accounts In this step, G/L accounts are defined for Chart of Accounts / Account determination (Asset Class) / Depreciation area. G/L a/c for Accumulated depreciation (B/S) G/L a/c for Depreciation expense (P&L a/c) Define Unit of Production Depreciation If useful life of any asset is more dependent on the no. of units produced, depreciation can be calculated based on no. of units produced in each FY, if total no. units is defined in this activity for the asset concerned.

Valuation Methods o Dep key - calculation methods  Define base methods [normally 0008]
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The system multiplies the depreciation percentage rate resulting from the total useful life by this factor. after useful life of 10 years.  Define declining bal methods • Declining factor – dep % resulting from useful life etc X factor for DB dep The multiplication factor is used in determining the depreciation percentage rate for declining-balance depreciation. continue depr even after NBV is zero ‘no’ if ‘on’. 12=1/12 etc] For multilevel base method choose EXPLICIT [0012] method. remember to activate. so that the system does not calculate depr. In AW01N to see dep of 2nd year “comparisons”.will override factor above Min % age . else at the same rate i. After changing key. 0008 is used. IMG > FA > Asset Accounting > Depreciation > Valuation Methods > Depreciation Key > Calculation Method Define Base Methods SAP standards (0001 – 0031) are available and sufficient to be used.e. ‘x’ System uses the factor defined here to calculate declining balance dep rate. depr is calculated at rate 1/extended life for each extended year after the useful life has expired. Can only be selected if ‘depr after plnd life’ is ‘off’ if ‘on’. system reduces useful life so that it always coincides with the end of Fiscal Year on.% from remaining life calculated from depr conversion date) : Reduce useful life at FY end Treatment of end of depreciation Depr after planned life end Depr below NBValue zero Curb ‘yes’ ‘no’ continue depr even after end of useful life if ‘on’. • • settings: method 001 Max % age . this factor is ignored by the system maximum % 25 minimum % 0 Normally kept zero   Define max amount . However if max rate is defined.  Note: For multilevel base method choose EXPLICIT [0012] method. 1/useful life. Normally. Settings (0008 .keep as 0 Define Declining Balance method declining factor say. remember to activate. and therefore no errors.specify max amounts Define multi level methods – validity start options 1 From capitalization date 2 From ord dep start date  3 From spl dep start date by Harnath 102 . 11=1/11. After changing key. In AW01N to see depr of 2nd year “comparisons”.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • Reduce useful life at FY end Dep with curb NO [if yes.

Changeover within planned life 3.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 4 From orig acqui date of AuC 5 From changeover year • Select levels • Acqui year .no auto changeover • 1 . To change useful life USE AS02 • Phases e.e.transfer postings o Values  01 Pro rata start date  02 Pro rata upto mid period  03 Pro rata at mid period  04 First yr half dep value  05 Year start date [Austria]  06 At start of year  07 at mid year  08 at end of year Maintain dep key  Select dep key and go to assignments of calculation methods.Phase . Set this indicator to determine the periodic dep %age.leave blank.no of years 2. • Reduct . 1st 2 them 3] • Per .%age of acquisition value at which system changes the calc of dep • Maintain Period control methods o Acq – period control used for acquiring transactions in year of capitalization.reduction of base value by an entered %age rate • Dep by fiscal year = Yes [if checked] • For every level/phase. there should be a changeover method/phase that is relevant.change method to a different phase • 0 . DG30 VWDV thru copy [activate] • Assignment of calculation methods [left] • Phases .C/o at end of useful life changeover %age rate .000/5.C/o when SLD high • 5 .validity periods in cal months • Rem Life .period control for additions or subsequent transactions o Ret . From start of dep 2.5 [i. o Add .the duration of dep is divided into different phases  1 from start of dep 103 by Harnath .upto which valid • Year . Changeover after end of useful life Change methods .g 004  10.000/2. based on the remaining life.500 as 1/2/3 below 1.retirement o Trn .

when net book value reaches a particular level  1 1 c/over when SL dep is hich  2 5 c/over after end of useful life  3 - Period control  Maintain Period control • Enter & select – individual period version will be  in pro rata at period start date  Define calender assignments . period control key for acq.you specify for asset class. Integration AA with PM . Select co code & enter valid upto. & whether both get updated simultaneously. retirement & transfer  Generate period controls o Enter FYV & calender yr & generate. whether auto equipment records [PM] be created.0/30%/0%  2 001 0/0/0  3 001 0/0/0 Prd cont period control  1 002 04/06/02/02  2 003 01/06/02/02  3 003 01/06/02/02 Multi level method  1 002 0%  2 001 0%  3 003 APC any life Change method . addl acq.specify period  Define time dependent period controls • Define dep keys with T/D period control o Assign T/D period control to dep keys.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • • •  2 changeover within planned life  3 changeover after end of useful life Base method of calculating dep  1 0007 ord % after end of life  2 0011 ord % from useful life  3 0017 ord imm dep after end of life Decl method of calculating dep  1 004 3. Transactions • Acquisitions 104 by Harnath .plant maintenance • Master data o Automatic creation of equipment master records o Specify conditions for synchronization of master data .changeover to a different phase when SL dep is high.

If it is kept off. an asset has to be created to hold such gain/loss. complete asset no & enter text. master data] o Retirement with revenue  F-92 with customer [01 DR select customer TT 260  Posting key 50 CR a/c 825000 TT 260 ]  Click asset retirement curr yr Ret & enter on screen to go to next screen. The a/c’s are at assign a/c’s above.if gain/loss posting is on. [new asset. SAP/A/c/FA/Fixed Assets • Posting o Acquisitions  F-90 with vendor  F-91 clearing offsetting entry  ABZON acq/with auto offsetting entry. calender etc & save • Tasklist appears in the tasklist  Change task list [top] 105 by Harnath . the same are posted to the GL & not kept in the asset concerned. Tax will then not be calculated at retirement. update GL thru FS00 to accept all taxes. it goes to the GL a/c • IMG/FA/AA/Trans/Retirements/Define TT for Retirement • Select TT. o Gain / Loss Posting . details & gain/loss  [off] o Assign a/c’s . Header doc display for a/c entries  ABAON asset sale w/o customer o Asset  AS01 create Asset  AW01N explorer to check posting in Dep posted / planned [green button posted period]  S_ALR_87012347 doc extract to check entries  ABST a/c reco for AA/GL diff  Info system for asset balances • SAP periodic processing o SCMA schedule manager  Create a task list [top header/tasklist/create] • Enter name of task • Enter desc.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o Define transaction types for acquisitions • Define transaction types for acquisitions • Limit TT [displayed] to dep areas o Define A/c assignment category for Asset PO o Specify asset class for clearing asset from PO o Assign A/c’s o Allow downpayment TT in asset class o Define validations • Retirements o For taxes create ET [exempted tax].where a/c’s are assigned for gain/loss.

FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling   Right click on task list Create task o Enter desc. Keep the spool on which comes up by default. No need for any special params. go top program & execute in background F9 LP01 Enter AUTHORISATION [ USER ] Click immediate Save [RABUCH00_FIU] System/Services/jJobOverview/execute [SM37] System/Services/Batch input/sessions/process. 106 by Harnath .has to be executed period by period Choose period. } • •         AFAB execute . Go by defaults. If it is set off. title & enter • Click immediate & save • Background job is scheduled • System/Services/jJobOverview/execute [sm37] • Click jobname & view spool [xxx] Depreciation Run { Depreciation run is supposed to generate a session. and view the spool through own spool requests. program/transaction. the posting will take place. because batch input in  ON in document type AF [dep posting]. start time etc Select task & execute IN BACKGROUND [TOP HEADER] • Enter output device [LP01].

Enter these record types in the first column of the worksheet. you enter variables for the missing information. however. • • In the header (blue in the example). The data transferred to the R/3 System has to be in a specified form. HEADER In the header. This method is especially suited for transferring small datasets. You might want to prepare for the data transfer. PREREQUISITES The first step is to load or manually enter the legacy asset data and values from your legacy system into an Excel sheet. the description of a company code is not decided). and so on. can also be entered using the Custom Excel format. Dates. In the asset section you enter the individual assets and their values. and values have to be supplied in these cells for each asset. asset class and capitalization date. The next columns should contain the field descriptions assigned to these record types. such as a few hundred fixed assets. You are not allowed to use them for asset master data or asset values. Before carrying out the data transfer. In this case. the SAP R/3 Asset Accounting component also offers the option of transferring legacy asset data using Microsoft  Excel. the company code. company code XXXX. you can then use the Replace function in Excel to replace the variable with the correct value.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling ASSET DATA TRANSFER Legacy Data Transfer Using Microsoft XL Along with the Data Transfer Workbench. for example. The Excel worksheet has to contain cells for the legacy asset number. company code. The fields are organized in record types. The Excel spreadsheet consists of two parts (see the example below). In order to ensure that the data transfer is carried out correctly. The amount of data you can transfer using this method is limited by the maximum number of rows in your Excel version. you first specify the field descriptions to be transferred. for example. The first 5 rows in the Excel worksheet are reserved for this header information. SAP recommends the following structure: 107 by Harnath . although the organizational structures of your enterprise have not yet been specified (for example. you should adhere to the following guidelines when creating the Excel sheet: SAP recommends that you set the Standard Excel format for the entire document before you enter any data. The same applies for any required entry fields that are defined in the asset class in the R/3 System. you specify the type of data you want to transfer for your assets. description.

For example. Therefore. company code 0001). Asset master data. posted values Transactions Is assigned to tab page during field assignment (see below) … Header data 1 2 3 4 Header data Time-dependent data to Leasing Depreciation areas. have to have leading zeroes in this format. 00001000). then you can omit them when creating your Excel worksheet. general data and inventory data Posting information. Always enter the asset class with 8 places and leading zeroes (for example. which is in a row specified as record type 1. you have to make sure that for each asset. cumulative values. record type 0 is reserved solely for the number of the asset from the legacy system. in order to assign them to the correct assets. 108 by Harnath . cumulative values. The system needs the identifier if there are errors. and is not allowed to be used for any other purpose. ASSET SECTION Enter the asset values below the header data. The system then recognizes the field contents of all fields of record type 1 in column B as company codes and in column C as asset classes. You have to enter the asset data in the Excel worksheet so that it corresponds to the structure of the field descriptions in the header. record type 4). that its company code is always in column B and its asset class in column C. time-dependent data Depreciation areas.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling USE OF RECORD TYPES Record type 0 Used for… Identifier (legacy asset number). you specify in the header for record type 1 that the company code is in column B and the asset class is in column C. posted values Transactions If you do not need certain record types (for example. Fields that have leading zeroes in the R/3 System (for example.

01. In record type 4 (transactions) you have to enter the sequential number and the depreciation area in the first two fields.01.97 109 by Harnath .97 01.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling EXAMPLE OF STRUCTURE OF XL WKS In record type 3 (depreciation area data) always supply the depreciation area name (such as 01) first. The sequential number is used to keep different transactions separate from one another. REPRESENTING TRANSACTIONS Record type 4 4 Seq. number 1 1 Area 01 02 Transaction Type 100 100 Amount 5000 4900 Posting date 01.

To choose an existing field assignment. See the Use of Record Types table (above) for the valid assignments. You thereby only have to carry out the mapping and conversion once. the system displays a dialog box. The asset master data fields that can be completed in the R/3 System are split up on various tab pages. you can also still save the field assignment after the data transfer (Saved assignments pushbutton). the assignment of header in f ormation to table field in the R/3 System would look like this: Comp Code – company code Asset Class – asset class Tr Type – transaction type. It is saved in your saved field assignment and can be used again in the future. you assign the field descriptions of the Excel worksheet cells to fields in R/3 (for example. choose Create field assignment.97 Features Field Assignment between XL & R/3 [ Mapping ] In the R/3 System. The message states that there is a large amount of data in stored temporarily. and any required entry fields (see above) in the R/3 System. you can assign each field to exactly one other field. However. The system does not check if the assignment is logical.01. In addition. In the initial screen of the transaction. Choose No. you choose whether you want to use an already existing field assignment or if you want to create a new one. These are sorted according to their record type (0. you can carry out a number of data transfers that always follow the same pattern. you have to assign the asset class. Before the data transfer.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 4 2 01 100 1000 01. To create a new field assignment. capitalization date. In the Excel sheet in the above graphic. The system lists only those field descriptions that are defined in the header section of the Excel sheet. company code. 2 and so on). in which it asks if the field assignment should be saved. Some Excel versions issue a message at this point in a dialog box. and then choosing the Assign pushbutton. You have to assign the old asset number (from the legacy system). You make the field assignment by selecting a row in the Fields of file table and selecting its corresponding field on the Fields of asset master record tab pages. and asks if you want this data to be available to other applications. In this way. and so on SETTING THE DATE FORMAT 110 by Harnath . CoCd to company code). However. select the one you want and choose Start with field assignment. Certain assignments are mandatory. 1.

mfg. • When all the SAP fields are matched you can upload. ACTIVITIES Start the legacy data transfer program in Customizing for Asset Accounting. Thereafter an asset can be uploaded backdated. Test run ) the system lists any errors that occur. without actually starting the During a production run (choose Assets ) the system creates new assets using the values from the Excel worksheet. QTY & UOM can be added 2 blank cctr. ISO format (YYYY-MM-DD). • Legacy data cols will have to be changed to be recognizable by SAP. European format (DD. cumul dep 4 DOES NOT WORK Legacy Asset No Identification Feature Dep Area Real Dep Area Dep Key Depreciation Key Dep Start Dep Calc Start Date ULin Period Planned useful life in periods Use Life Planned useful life in years Real111 Area Real Dep Area Current Sequence No of Asset Line Items in Fiscal Year Value Date Reference Date by Harnath . Choose Asset Data Transfer  Legacy Data Transfer Using Microsoft  Excel .YYYY). Asset Data Transfer Set Co Code Status 2 i. Dates in your Excel sheet have to have the same format. Legacy data transfer using Microsoft Excel. • The cols after that have to be matched to SAP like CO Code etc. choose Details of return message . Any incomplete or incorrect data that could not be used to create assets can be displayed in a separate Excel worksheet (choose Export errors to file). It supplies values to their fields based on the assignments you made.01 must be first. TC – AS100 • You must have the legacy data in an Xl file. also ensure PP is open. Specify Sequence of Dep Areas . To display master records of assets that were created successfully.YY or DD. or SAP format (YYYYMMDD).MM. test co with data transfer allowed.e. plant.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Choose Settings  Date format to specify whether the date uses American format (MM/DD/YY or MM/DD/YYYY).MM. • Alternatively you can use BDC. o/wise date errors. Date Specifications / Last Closed Fiscal Year – must be followed for Asset data upload in Capitalisation date [seq 2]. [some tips] – convert all cells to text. The INPUTS can be reduced. TRANSFER OF FIXED ASSETS During a test run (choose legacy data transfer. loca 3 blank cumul apc. so that assignment is easier like 0 no change 1 no change.

This option is in General Controlling] o Copy delete check CO area [ through structure. and the same COA. 112 by Harnath . At the bottom there is an option for variances. However the co codes can have different currencies. According to the complexity of your organizational structure & the components with which you work. Enter CO area CO area same as co code Curr type 10 Currency INR Cur & val profile BLANK • • o the CO area is the highest level in which you can create reports.select & details [to change CO area OKKS][when you activate components/control indicators. Therefore.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Controlling [ OB13 ] MAINTAIN CONTROLLING AREA • IMG/ES/Definition/Controlling [ OX06 / OK19 ] o Maintain CO area [ OKKP ]        IMG/CO/General CO/Organisation Create new entry & then copy. once a COA is stored it cannot be changed. do not copy CO area before creating GL a/c’s [first create thru maintain CO area and then copy. you must first analyse the outcome that determining organizational units has on the other SAP components. When you assign all co codes to one CO area. That is why. The complete representation of a complex organizational structure should first be discussed with a consultant. DO NOT COPY COA. you cannot activate ProfitAnalysis. [cost center hierarchy / select & activate components [left]. unless you create operating concern] Assignment o Assign co code to CO area [ OB62 ] IMG/CO/General CO/ [ OKKP ] o Organisation : The definition of the organizational unit is one of the most important activities when introducing the SAP system. Creating new allows you to use your COA instead of INT. which must be checked  otherwise variances will not be calculated. templates ] o Maintain CO area . since master data & COA are stored here. you need to ensure that all the co codes have the same no of posting periods [FY variants]. otherwise you will have to make do with INT COA].

select [ if necessary create a C Ctr first from IMG/CO/CCA/Master Data/Cost Centers]  History o Secondary Cost Element .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o Maintain CO area/No ranges/Versions : In other settings there is a cost center hierarchy.must be a GL a/c 2. create it here. At the bottom there is an option for variances. Direct Posting 4. which must be checked  otherwise variances will not be calculated]. If the hierarchy is not created. TO MAINTAIN NO RANGES [ KANK ] COST ELEMENT ACCOUNTING [create a CCTR first] [ KS01 ] [ Change CO Area – OKKS ] There are 4 types of cost elements 1. Indirect Posting • Master Data o Create cost element [800000 & 893010]  Create primary cost element . [cost center hierarchy / select & activate components [left]. Primary .[ KA06 ] • C Ele Cat 43 internal activity allocation / use 42 for Asst.can be User defined 3. Enter Std Hier name. and the system will create it. Secondary . Keep Profit Center OFF. 113 by Harnath .screens  [ KA01 ]  Basic Data : • C Ele Cat 11 Revenue • Attribute [n/a] FMW Fixed / Material • FP Fixed / HR • FPW Fixed / HR/ Effective Payment  Indicators • Record quantity  • UOM EA  Default AA cost center .

FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling COST CENTER ACCOUNTING • Activate Cost Center A/cing in CO area o Select co & activate components [left] [screen similar to CO area .better to copy from an existing one as detailed above o Select & left  General CO • CuDK currency dist key 1=equal 3=dist by %age • QtDk quantity dist key  Layouts for CO • Deflt Default params • Overw params can be overwritten • Integrated XL planning with XL as frontend • File description 114 by Harnath . o IMG/CO/CCA/Planning/Manual Planning/Define UD Planner Profiles . skip & dbl click CCA & following menu appears. [enter] • Right click on Std Hierarchy & create groups • Create cost centers • Save • Activate • Save • Planning o KP04 select planner profile [use SAPEASY a simple profile. versions etc] • SAP/Ac/CO/CCA o Master data/ Standard Hierarchy [OKKS to change CO area]  OKEON change . and copy so that defaults can be entered] Use F4 then create new.

all elements are depicted. segment name any & screens  Segment header 40% to redistribute [ receiver tracing factor – use fixed %age .sending cost center to receiving cost center  Sender values  Receiver tracing factor [ 100 % ] o KSV5 for distribution i. specify %ages. variable portion gives errors. o Ensure that both plan & actual data are in the same year [especially if it is a calender year and the cost center exists as on that date ] o Earlier plan amounts were entered. 417001.e. attach segment [details of cost centers]. clear tax problems if any o On saving for question “Edit all items” enter screen by screen o Enter text where reqd o Bank value date o TT 50 for total amount o S_ALR_87013611 for comparisions [ from to period will give plan data for the whole year. ensure period is relevant] Redistribution IMG/CO/CCA/Act Posting/PE Closing/Distribution o Define distribution [okks – set CO area]  Create actual dist [ KSV1 ]  Cycle any name  Starting date  type text  Top left button.you can enter data like direct production cost 416100. and you can choose. [overview screen will not open unless 800000 & 893010 have been defined as cost elements & cost center details entered in the cost element].FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • • • • • Cost & Activity Input o KP06 change KP07 display o Enter & variables & top left overview . create AAM thru FKMT equivalence type i.]  Sender receiver . Enter * at cost center & cost element to go to the next screen. Use F-02 [FB50 requires complex posting to bring up AAM]. gets the version. back for totals & save o Using KP04 before KP06. so that later amounts can be distributed auto. To enter actual figures. In free you decide] Assign button top 115 by Harnath . from to periods etc by default. For meaningful comparisions.e. o Top left butt gives 12 period dist o Top left 2nd butt . redistribution [SAP/CO/CCA/PE Closing/Single Function/Allocation] o S_ALR_87013611 to view Select & enter default params Version 0 from 1 to period 12 Fiscal year 2004 Form based [in form based.

material03] [ KA06 ]  Top left master data  screens • Basic data .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • Assessment IMG/CO/CCA/ActPosting/Period end closing/Assessment [allocation to.assessment 42 • Indicators • Default A Assig USER1 CCtr becomes a sender o Define allocation structures [ KSES ] { not required }  New entries  Assignment [create new] • Source from Cele to Cele  Assessment cost element • New entries CAFETERIA [F4]  Settlement cost elements • Receiver category CTR • By cost element  o Maintain assessment  Create actual assessment / change [ KSU1 ] • Cycle UD bpacyc o Iterative o Attach segment  Segment UD bpclasgeg screens   Segment header • Assessment C Ele CAFE • Allocation stru VA [ enter either CEle/VA but not both ] • Receiver rule Fixed %ages  Sender / receiver • Cost center from to • Cost ele from to  Receiver cost center from to  Sender values • Share in % 50 etc • Act Vals  Plan Vals   Receiver tracing factor .cost ctr USER2 enter %ages [for all receivers] o SAP/CO/CCA/PE Closing/Single Function/Allocation  KSU5 assessment [F8]  S_ALR_87013611 to view 116 by Harnath . For primary use distribution] o Specify receiver types for assessment o Create assessment cost elements [cafe.cost element category . but for a secondary CCtr.

FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling INTERNAL ORDERS IMG/CO/IO • Activate order management in CO area o Select & left  Activate components / control indicators  Assignment of co codes • Order master data o Define order types  Order cat 01 internal order[CO] screen  • Order type UD [MKTG] 117 by Harnath .

maintain] • The internal order created earlier is unassigned o Position cursor on I/o o Click on top button right [select] o Position cursor on target group [prodn] o Click on top center button [element group] • The unassigned I/o will be assigned IMG/CO/IO/ActualPostings/Settlement o Maintain no ranges for settlement documents o Maintain settlement cost elements  Create primary settlement cost element [Create 500000 CElem cat 22 ext sett for Assets. • Status profile : Release status will allow posting to cost center [no need to release later on] • Order layout 0030 or blank. Commit Mgmt.] •    Change Primary/Secondary settlement cost element Create secondary settlement cost element  screens • Basic data o C Ele Cat 21 Settlement o Default AcAssign Cost Ctr HPCLCOSTS Maintain allocation structures VA • Assignments [select VA/ 00 & click assignments] o Source 400000 – 650300 [separate for Asset] o Assessment cost elements SETUP o Settlement cost elements  Receiver category CostCtr [FXA for Assets]  By cost element  [leave blank]  Settlement cost element IORCOELE [IO cost ele] [secondary cost element defined above] [ 500000 for Assets i.general [Obj Class Inv for Assets] • Functional area [like SD. • Print form  • Save [no range not maintained error message is OK]  Maintain no ranges for orders [the following applies to No ranges for settlements also] • Click groups [top button . with 22 ]  Maintain source structure 7 by Harnath 118 .MM etc]  • Business area [for consolidation] • Archiving time 3 months [removes data from actual DB & stores offline for better space management] • Co partner active will produce a total record  • Control indic Classi.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • Settlement profile 20 internal [ use settle to CCTR with orig CEle ] • Plan profile . Revenue Postings on.e.

SAP/Ac/CO/IO/Master Data/Special Functions/Order o KO01 create Type 0722  Co code BPCL plant BPPL  Obj class overhead  Release [right button][will not come if release immediately selected earlier]  Settlement rule [top][w/out which IO will not work] • Cost CTR. but not for 50. amount must go to C Ctr] • 119 by Harnath . o Clear tax probs if any. o Save document o S_ALR_87012993 to view SAP/Ac/CO/PE Closing/SingleFunction/Settlement o KO88 settlement o IO no last created comes up by default [enter asset value date] o Enter settlement period [004 for 4] and posting period as relevant. Mention I/o for all 40.select 70 & left o Source [new entry] separate for Asset] o Cost element from to [group leave blank]  Maintain Settlement Profiles  Enter Alloc & Source Stru with default obj type FXA for Assets & valid receiver CCTR/Fixed Asset reqd/ GL optional. enter text etc. o [F8] [ AW01N to see Asset ] o View cost center comparision . %age ---.S_ALR_87013611 [as after settlement.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • Select & top left o Assignments . Use 7 [enter Asset value date ] • Save . bank value date.Direct a/c assig FI/MM] N/a • Source Stru. Receiver DIRPRCOST.Sett Type FUL • From 1/2003 to 4/2003 etc LEAVE BLANK  Top header Goto settlement params [F8] • Allocation structures VA / 00 • PA trf structure [profitability analysis][FI .[order no created] IO/Planning/Cost & Activity Inputs Planner profile ZSAPEASY o KPF6 change [use form based] o Enter plan data & save o Enter actual values F-02 & GL item fast entry [top butt] for I/Orders.

ABC components active for analytical & integrated calculation o Assignment of co codes • Maintain Std Hierarchy for CO area . skip.enter bus process in screen [ use screen variant from top header edit ] 120 by Harnath .copy SAPALL  ZPCLABC & enter defaults o Select & left • Cost / Activity/Process/Inputs o CP06 change . dbl click ABC & o IMG/CO/ABC/Planning/Manual Planning/Def UD Plan Profiles .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling ACTIVITY BASED COSTING • IMG/CO/ABC .bus processes with cost elements as GL a/c’s & top left overview o Enter plan fixed / variable costs & dist key 1 [equal dist] • S_ALR_87011760 plan / actual comparison • FB50 actual postings . create new.Maintain std hierarchy of Bus process [like CCtr] right click & create Bus Proc. [ CPH4N ] [ enter only basic data ] • Templates / maintain templates [ not required ] o Create template . ref version n/a • SAP/Ac/CO/ABC/Planning o KP04 set planner profile [SAPALL] [ use ZSAPALL 1-D01 with CEle ] o F4.there should be a CO area & a cost ctr existing • Activate ABC in CO area o Activate components . plan  Act  Legal Valuation  WIP/RA  Variance   Auth group.assign std hierarchy defined under master data/business process [ enter the Std Hier defined in Co Area ] • Master Data / Bus Processes .activation conditions [active] o Change template o Display template o Environment BPP [bus planning process] o Object type Cost element o Object template • Assign templates for Bus Process [packing etc] screens  [ not reqd ] o Basic data o Organization o Attributes o Allocation o Templates o History • Planning / maintain versions o Create authorization groups for versions o Maintain settings of version in controlling area  Settings by fiscal year [integrated planning on for FY 2005]  Version 0.

but as soon it is defined.line / online   Plan versions • Maintain plan version o Plan version 0 o Settings for P Ctr o New entries o Online  line item  TP0 [transfer price] o Exch rate type “M” • Adjust line items [no action]  Analyse settings  Update basic settings .set control param for actual data .to check variances You can also use Dist/Asst under ABC/PEClos/Dist etc.check all correct ? o MM01 create material 121 by Harnath . After creating the group.new entries . it should be displayed  Std hierarchy as per your CO area. and you will have to make do with the hierarchy.field for dummy P Ctr wil be blank.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • S_ALR_87011761 plan/actual costs .  Create dummy P Ctr  Maintain profit center [under group created] screens • Basic data • Indicators • Co codes o PCA/Basic settings/CO area settings  Activate direct postings . PROFIT CENTER ACCOUNTING [OMSY to open Fin Year] • IMG/CO/PCA o Basic settings  Set controlling area o Controlling area settings  Maintain CO area settings . o/w P Ctr will not accept the group. go back to maintain CO area setting and put the group in the tree.  Elimination of duplication / Int Bus Vol  [keep off]  Local currency  P Ctr currency  Legal Valuation  Control Indicator [active] o Master data / profit center  Maintain P Ctr groups.

enter with Qty structure  & no costing off  .pricing for new material if reqd VA01 .pick & post goods issue VF01 .  Costing 2 .Billing FB15.sales order VL01N .initial stock [do not copy/assign WH as it creates a problem in MB1C] VOK0 . FD10N.A/cing documents IMG/CO/CEA/MD/CE  Create cost elements WRT 800000 & 893010 for them to appear in PCS reports PCA/Transfer Prices  Basic settings for Pricing n/a • Condition types • Pricing procedures • Transfer price variants  Advanced settings for pricing n/a • Define price dependencies • Define access sequences • Define condition exckusions for groups • Define pricing reports  Profit planning • Define permitted a/c’s [to appear in PCA] • 800000 sales • 893010 cost of sales  Actual postings • Maintain automatic a/c assignment • C/E 800000 PC BPTRANS Mandatory 3 • Can also enter 893010 with CCTR.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling o o o o o o o o o o o o Costing 1 scr profit center . SAP/CO/PCA/Planning  7KEP set planner profile zSAP800 [ Layout 8A-101 ] PC groups [centralized] SAP/CO/PCA/Planning/Costs/Revenues  7KE1 change  7KE2 display  Version 0 1-12 2003 2005  122 by Harnath .material created assigned to P Ctr MB1C .Planned price & dates IMG/CO/PCA/Assignment to profit centers  Check assignment • Top – assignment monitor IKE4 • Material [ensure job is run etc] • Assigned materials . FD11 to view VF02 .

Dist. INR etc Enter costs/revenues . variances can be viewed thru SAP/CO/PCA/InfoSystems/ReportsForPca/InteractiveReporting S_ALR_87013326     PROFITABLILTY ANALYSIS There are 2 types of profitability analysis : Costing based & Account Based [see end] • IMG/CO/PA/Structure/DefineOpConcern o Manitain Op Concern .equal dist etc [ cr –ve for 800000 & 893010 for cop etc ] o Since sales are booked thru VF01. after entering plan amounts.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Co code Pc Gr A/c etc Overview [enter]  PCtr.Screens   Select create button [ ignore the warning message ]  Name operating concern.  Select Costing Based. Amount. o Save  Data structure / Create • Charecteristics [ to see ] Value Fields[to see] • Customerwise Sales Qty • Cust Groupwise Sales Value • Materialwise COGS • Material Groupwise Discounts  Characteristics • MATKL Matl Group click  • KUNNR Customer click  • KMKDGR Customer Group • VVGRW Group weight  Value Fields • VVIQT Invoice Qty • VV010 Revenue • VV020 Qty Discount • VV030 Customer Discount 123 by Harnath .

country key. sales orgn. dist channel. division & plant source & target 124 by Harnath . where these chars are logically dependent on one another  Derivation rule .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • • • VV040 Material Discount • VV060 Other Rebates • VV070 Cash Discount • VV110 Accrued Freight • VV140 COGS  Save  Select Activate Button  Select Back Arrow  Select YES for “Do you want to generate Op Concern Environment ?” [ Status Green = Active ]  Attributes • OC Currency = INR • Select Co Code Currency = INR • Fiscal Year = K4 [ensure same fiscal yr in FI]  Save [o/w assignment not possible]  Environment .activate client specific Part IMG/ES/Assignment/CO/Assign CO area to OP Concern IMG/CO/General Controlling/Organisation o Maintain CO area  Activate components  If activation is in display mode uses KEKE to activate. o Maintain versions 0  Settings in op concern – weekly [ no option ?? ] IMG/CO/PA/Structure/DefineOP Concern o Maintain characteristics [key fields]  Chars created earlier [ MATKL etc ] o Maintain value fields  Created earlier [ VVIQT etc ] o Define profitability segment characteristics  Operating Concern – 00BP  Select Costing Based  Enter  Save IMG/CO/PA/Master Data o Maintain characteristics values [top button all chars on/off]  Clicking on a char = maintain values o Char hierarchy [to structure your products / customers] o Define char derivation .derivation lets you find values for certain chars automatically based on known values of other chars.This will happen only after Assignment to Op Concern as above.

incoming sales order o Details [left] o Assign valuation strategy Setup valuation using Matl Cost Estimate o Define access to std cost estimate  Costing Key 001 Costing variant PPC1  Costing version 1 Period [template ] 012.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • • • Valuation / Valuation Strategies o Define & assign valuation strategy [create new if necc with PA] o PV REC Plan Ver Val Strat o 1 A 0 BPV o Point of valuation PV 1  Real time o Record  A .2003 o Valuation field allocation 00BP ERLOS / VV010 o Assign costing keys to products 001. Co Code / Customer / Material o Create condition types & costing sheets  Define type.002 o Assign costing keys to any chars n/a o Assign value fields ERLOS / VV010 Setup conditions & costing sheets o Define condition tables [create top button]  502 [ selected field co code ] & GENERATE o Define access sequences  BP01.2003  Cost estimate is executed w/o date Define access to actual costing matl ledger o Costing key 002 o Valuation view .only transfer total cost o Plant 00BP period 012. header [key field & text] rest – item level [only key field] Planning o Initial steps  Maintain version 0 125 by Harnath .profit center valuation / [use legal valu o/w prob later] o Type of valuation . 10. Table 502.002 [ legal valu problem ?? ] o Assign costing keys to material types 001.P1  Cost ctr. prices & price  Separate pricing proc for CO [ZWMP01]  Steps counter ZBPR  100 00 ZBPR  Condition records however do not appear [xxx] o Assign value fields  Ctype Value Field  ZBPR ERLOS / VV010 o Define pricing reports . co code.

freight etc] • Assign value fields for line item screens o Transfer of incoming sales orders  Assign value fields SD  COPA • Condition Type Value Field • PR00 VV010 • KP00 pallet dis VV020 • KA07 cust dis VV030 • KA00 sales promotion VV060 • ZF00 accrued freight VV110 • VPRS cost VV140  Save  Assign Qty Fields SD  COPA • SD Qty Field COPA Qty • BRGEW VVGRM gross wt • FKIMG VVIQT invoice qty 126 by Harnath .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling •  Settings in Op concern [transfer to Sop – create char groups] o Assign qty fields  SD Qty Field COPA Qty Field  Order qty Sales Qty o Planning framework  Setup planning framework 00BP General O/View  Aids for Changeover to the Planning Framework • Create planning level from planning layout ZPLAN • Display Planner Profiles o Create your planner profile [ use change butt ] o Manual entry of Planning data  Define planning layout / Create • Save o Setup trans based top down dist  Define value field assignment • Value field same as ref field  Define dist profile [BDI] • Dist level o Receiving char PRCTR [profit Ctr] Flow of actual values o Initial steps  Characteristic groups • Maintain char groups [see top] • Assign char groups for assign screens • Assign char groups for line item screens  Value field groups • Maintain value field groups • BPVF [only value fields Rev. Gross sales.

• Save enter • Select G001 & dbl click • Dbl click Addl A/c Assignment • Profitability segment  required / optional. [back arrow] • Select 20 direct revenues from FI • Dbl click source • From 300000 to 399999 • Select Value fields [QTY/Value] 1 [fix] VV010 [value field] 127 by Harnath .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling  Activate transfer of incoming sales orders o Transfer of billing documents o Order & Project settlement  Define PA transfer structure for a settlement • PA Trf Stru FI • Assignment line 50 [revenues] • Source cost element 800000 to 805000 • Value fields ERLOS / VV010  Assign PA Stru to settlement profile 00BP  Activation of Profitability Analysis • IMG/CO/PA/Flow of Actual Values/Activate PA o Select thru position & 2 • IMG/CO/PA/Flow of Actual Values/Initial Steps/Define No ranges for Actual Postings o Select Op Concern o Select maintain groups • Save  IMG/FA/Global Settings/Document/Line Item/Controls/Maintain FSV • Select FSV [0001] • Dbl Click FSG [G004] • Dbl click Addl A/c Assignment [PgDn] • Profitability segment  required / optional. • Save o IMG/CO/PA/Flow of Actual Values/Direct Postings from FI/MM  Maintain PA transfer stru for direct postings • Select FI [stru] Financial A/cing • Dbl click assignment lines • Select 10 direct cost from FI • Dbl click source • From 400000 to 499999 • Dbl click value fields • Select new entries • Select Value fields [QTY/Value] 1 [fix] VV140 [value field] • Save • Select  .

 Select actual data.  To see the report  A/c/CO/PA/Info System/Execute report [ KE30 ]  Dbl click IDES 50 actual data • Sales org 1000 • From 1.02.00 • To 12.  Navigate  switch drill down.00 • Plan/act ind = 0 • Execute  Goto navigate [menu]  switch drill down  Select customerwise. [There seems to be a confusion between direct FI & incoming sales order. It is better to be clear about what PA you want to achieve before starting to avoid disappointments] 128 by Harnath .02.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • Save o Posting of transaction in FI [F-02]  40 cash 113100  amt 100000 BA BPCL des = sales posting  50 sales 800000  amt “” “” BA BPCL des = +  Select profit segment  [arrow]  Select  [continue ]  Save  To see line item list display A/c/CO/PA/Info System/Disp Line Item List [ KE24 – Actual ] • Cur type 10 • Rec Type B dir FI posting • Period 012/2004 • Co Code HPCL • Customer 2704 • Execute & list appears.

Finished Goods FERT 5.Account Groups 2. Or product runs] Power Cost 100. Trading Goods HAWA 6.000 No of Hrs 10.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling PRODUCT COST CONTROLLING What are the material types ? 1. Services DIEN You have to create under material master just like GL Master in FI. Material Master : • Purchase View . Cost Sheet : Raw Material RM Overhead Personnel Cost Manufacturing Cost Mfg Overhead Cost of Goods Mfg xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx xxx qty from BOM x price as per matl master %age of RM above Admin & SD Cost of Goods Sold Personnel Power Dept A  B  C  D [routing means how many depts. Packing Material VERP 4.Views are nothing but areas or different screens. • Sales View • Accounting View • Costing Views • MRP View • Production View • Quality View Product Costing is used to valuate Finished Goods at Standard Price.000 129 Depts are called work centers in PP by Harnath . Semi – Finished Goods HALB 7. Raw Material ROH . Stores & Spares ERSA 3.

FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Per Hr Yarn ProYarn 10 2hrs x 10 = 20 6hrs x 10 = 60 In work centers we assign Cost center. All done in 1000 Co Code Basic Settings Log/MM/Matl Master/Material/Create General – immediately MM01 • Material WSLFG • Material Type Finished Goods • Material T – F100 • Industry Sector Mech Engg • Select Orgn Levels o Plant 1000  [enter] • Select top right button • Select Accounting 1 View o Price control S Standard o Std Price 200 • Select top right button • Select Costing 1 view o Select  with qty structure • Overhead group = SAP10 • Select Costing 2 view.Acounting 1 view Valuation Cost 3000 Mov Avg Price 50 Rs 130 by Harnath . • Save Creation of Raw Material • Material • Industry • Matl Type • Material • • • Select o Select o o Save WSLRM1 Mech Engg Raw Material T-T300 Organisational Levels Plant 1000  [enter] top right button .

FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • • Material Industry Matl Type Select o o Select o o Save WSLRM2 Mech Engg Raw Material • • Organisational Levels Plant 1000  [enter] Des WSLRM2 top right button .] Log/Prodn/Master Data/Routings/Standard Routings/Create CA01 • Material WSLFG • Plant 1000 • Group 50000002 •  [enter] o Usage 1 o Status 4 [released general] • Select Operations Button • Operations Work Center • 0010 Test5 • Dbl Click 0010 operation • Machine 120 mins • Save 131 by Harnath .Acounting 1 view Valuation Class 3000 Avg Price 25 Rs Creation of Work Center [in production planning] Log/Prodn/Master Data/Work Centers/Work Center/Create CR01 • • • • • • • • • Plant Work Center Work Center Cat  [enter] Working Hamburg Select costing tab Cost Center Machine Save 1000 work center & cost center will be same Test5 [any name] 0001 Test5 work center  date = 1.03 Test2 1419 Creation of Routing [routing means how many depts or product runs] [logic  this product goes thru how many depts.1.

00 [Co Area WSL] •  [enter] o Name machine hour rate o Element Cat internal activity allocation 43 • Save • Co Area 1000 • Save CREATION OF ACTIVITY A/c/CO/CCA/MD/Activity Type/Indiv Proc/Create KL01 132 by Harnath .04.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Define Costing Sheets : IMG/CO/PCC/PCPlanning/Basic Settings for Material Cost/Overhead Define Costing Sheets • Select COGM [cost of goods manufactured] • Dbl Click costing sheet rows • Select 10 raw material • Dbl Click base o Controlling area 1000 o From Cost element 400000 to CE 410000 • Select 20 Material O/h • Dbl Click overhead rate o Position  enter o Give OH type 2 OH type • Select 60 Prod Cost • Dbl Click base o CO area 1000 o Select new entries o From CE 416200 to CE 416200 • Save CREATION BILL OF MATERIAL Log/Prodn/Master Data/BOM/Material BOM/Create CS01 • Material WSLFG • Plant 1000 • BOM Usage 1 •  [enter] • Item Item Category Comp Unit • 0001 L WSCRM1 PC • 0002 L WSCRM2 PC • Save CREATION OF SECONDARY COST ELEMENT A/c/CO/CEA/c/Master Data/CE/Indiv Proc/Create KA06 • Cost Element 620001 [any no can be given] • Valid from 01.

FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling • • • • • • • • • Activity Type Valid from Name Description Activity unit CCtr category Act Type Cat Allocation CE Save 1419 [can be any no or name] 01.01.00  [enter] machine hours machine hours H * 1 620001 CREATION OF COST CENTERS A/c/CO/CCA/MD/Cost Centers/Create KS01 • Cost Center Test2 [any name or no] • Name Test2 cost center • Description Test2 cost center • Person responsible A • C Ctr Category 1 • Hierarchy Area H1 • Co Code 1000 • Bus Area 1000 • Save CREATION OF COST CENTER GROUP KSH1 • Cost Center Group Testall [any name] • Testall Testall • Test2 • Save PLANNING FOR COST CENTER FOR POWER ELEMENT KP06 Version = 0 From Period = 10 [for next month] To period = 10 Fiscal Year = 2003 Cost Center = Test2 Cost Ele to = 499999 Select from based Select overview screen Cost Element Plan Fixed Cost 416200 100000 Save CHANGE ACTIVITY TYPE PER PRICE PER PLANNING 133 by Harnath .

07.03 Movement Type = 521 134 by Harnath .03 Posting Date = 23.07.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling [giving no of hrs required] Controlling/CCA/Planning/Activity/Output Price/Change Version = 0 From Month = 10 To Period = 10 Fiscal Year = 2003 Cost Center = Test2 Activity Type = 1419 Select  from based Select overview screen Activity Plan Activity 416200 100000 Save PRICE CALCULATION [to get per hr cost calculation] Accounting/Controlling/CCA/Planning/Allocations/Price Calc [TC – KSPI] Select Cost Center Group = Testall Select no bus processes =  Version = 0 Period From = 10 To Period = 10 Fiscal Year = 2003 Test Run =  Detail List =  Execute Select back arrow Yes TO CHECK WHICH COSTING SHEET IS TO BE ATTACHED TO COSTING VARIANT IMG/Controlling/PCC/Material Cost Estimate with Qty Structure/Define Costing Variant [TC – OKKN] Select Position Button Costing Variant = PPC1 [std cost estimate] Select PPC1  select details button Select valuation variant button Select overhead tab = costing sheet = COGM Save GOODS RECEIPT / PRODUCTION RECEIPT [in MM] Logistics/Matl Mgmt/Inv Mgmt/Goods Movement/Goods Receipt/Other [TC – MB1C] Document Date = 23.

FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Plant [enter]  Material WSLFG = Qty 1 1000 SLOC 0001 Save TO CHECK THE MATERIAL MASTER TO SEE VALUES ARE UPDATED OR NOT Material = WSL Plant = 1000 Accounting 1 CREATION OF COST ESTIMATE WITH QTY STRUCTURE Accounting/CO/PCC/PCPlanning/Material Costing/Cost Estimate with Qty Structure/ Create [TC – CK11N] Material = Plant = Costing Variant Costing Version  [enter]  [enter] WSLFG 1000 PPC1 1 WSLRM1 RM2 10 % Power 2x5 = = = = 50 25 7.50 94.5 10 92. the price as per Costing will be the future price.10 7.6 Cost Element 620001 400000 400000 629900 655100 Save Goto Material Master MM03 Select Costing 2 View PRICE UPDATE Accounting/CO/PCC/PCPlanning/Material Costing/Price Update [TC – CK24] Posting Period = 9 2003  Select marking release Co Code = 1000  Select CoCode 1000 Plant = 1000  Costing Variant PPC1 Material = WSLFG  Costing Version 01 Execute  Save  Select Back Arrow  Select Release Button When you do marking. 135 by Harnath .5 Total Value 10 50 25 2.

03 Enter  Category = Material Resource = WSLRM1 Plant = 1000 Qty = 1 PC Enter  Category = M Resource = WSLRM2 Plant = 1000 Qty = 1 PC Enter  Category = E Resource = Tets2 Plant = 1419 [activity] Qty = 2 H [hrs] Enter  Save Marking & releasing [ we are avoiding PP completely] Same as price update.12. Then current price will become previous price & new cost estimate price will become future price.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling When you do releasing.01. COST ESTIMATE WITHOUT QUANTITY STRUCTURE Accounting/CO/PCC/PCPlanning/Matl Cost Planning/Cost Estimate Without Structure/ Create [TC – KKPAN] Material No = WSLFG Plant = 1000 Costing Variant = PPC1 Costing Date = 31. cost estimate price will become current price. Implementation Phases Implementation Stages : 136 by Harnath .99 Valuation Date = 01.

Ready to Run R/3 ] Sample Implementation Project Plans SAP Ref Structure & Sub Structure fo ASAP – IMG link. IDES the model R/3 Company Project Related Knowledge : ASAP Project Management ASAP Change Management Risk Analysis Review R/3 System An R/3 transaction is a sequence of dialog steps that are consistent in a business context and that belong together logically. all individual dialog steps are performed and the data entered in the transaction is updated in the database. The scope of SQL enables the full functionality of the database system. From the viewpoint of the database. ASAP optimizes time. Realization 4. Final Preparation 5. the R/3 system starts a query from the application level to the database level. Concept Check Tool Accelerators . The ASAP Roadmap 2.industry specific solutions [ RRR i. This query is performed in SQL [structured query language] the language compatible with most database systems. Go Live & Support Tools : Implementation Assistant Question & Answer Database [QADB] Implementation Guide Profile Generator Transport System R/3 Business Engineer Project Estimator – helps drawing up a project plan.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling ASAP is a PC based solution recommended by SAP for implementation planning and for use in an R/3 System implementation.e. 1. Business Blueprint 3. ASAP integrates 3 components 1. R/3 Service & Training The ASAP Roadmap – which delivers a process oriented. When an R/3 transaction is executed. clear & concise project plan to provide step by step direction throughout the R/3 implementation. Tools 3. 137 by Harnath . quality & efficient use of resources. After a user accesses a transaction. including all vendor-specific enhancements to be used. Project Preparation / Scoping 2. which consists of 5 phases. which allows direct navigation from BPML to IMG related activities. this is a conversion from one consistent state to the next.

Customer sign off on the AS IS is a must. identifying team members & developing a high level plan. 138 by Harnath . they have to be redone on the Dev Server. where the data is loaded & testing & integration point tests take place. This document captures all the proceses “AS IS”. pre-productive environment to a successful & live productive operation. This becomes the deliverable and input for the next stage. Business Blueprint Understand the business goals of the company & to determine the business requirements needed to support these goals. SAP spots potential performance problems early & suggests suitable corrective measures. are reconfigured on the DEV Box. which forms the basis for the implementation. generated a “TO BE” deliverable. Remote Consulting : In remote consulting sessions.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling R/3 User Application Component ABAP Dictionary Relational Database Front End Middle Layer Middle Layer Backend Project Preparation The primary focus of Phase I is getting the project started. end user training. & after GAP ANALYSIS. This process continues with customer interaction through a QADB. user training and signoff. In the course of capturing the proceses. Data transports are always from the Dev Box to the Test Server. The implementation takes off in a Development Box. If any modifications are done on the Test Server in the course of testing. which has taken the information from the “AS IS” document. & not vice versa. Critical Open issues are resolved. After all testing is done. The Business Blueprint captures all the processes “TO BE”. SANDBOX demo etc. which is an independent and insulated server. Go Live & Early Watch : The Go Live check is for just before you cut over to live operation. This configuration is transported to the Test Integration/Implementation Server. system management and cutover activities. USER SIGNOFF. business in the R/3 Production Server can be run. resources etc are done through a project estimator. compile documentation. Customize step by step in two work packages. It tests whether the system is suitably configured for the requirements. a sandbox client can be set up to demonstrate to the customer. Upon the successful completion of this phase. thereby enabling knowledge of the customers process and facilitating of the AS IS Document which is the DELIVERABLE of this phase. All configuration done on any earlier SANDBOXES. trying to analyse & solve problems in your system from their desk. SAP consultants log into your server at convienent times. The project preparation is instrumental in generating the AS IS document. In early watch sessions. The project plan. Baseline & Final Configuration. Realization To implement al the business & process requirements based on the Business Blueprint. Go Live & Support Transition from a project oriented. Final Preparation Complete testing. As to how SAP will function [ look & feel ].

Business components interact in the Business Framework Architecture via open BAPIs. You can transfer industry specific master data structures to the system by using a CATT which is also integrated in the R/3 system. Business Object Repository Where SAP Business Objects are maintained. promote employee. project documentation.g change employee address. Business Application Programming Interface A BAPI is basically an entry gate to the R/3 system. cross project documentation and project management information. Industry specific customizing is the name given to the installation of the default customizing parameters in the IMG that relate to a certain industry. Industry business solutions are integrated in the Business Framework as Business Components. A SAP Bus Object is the representation of a central bus object in the real world like an employee. While online. the system uses the definition of the table fields in the ABAP dictionary to check the format of the users field entries. ABAP Dictionary The ABAP dictionary contains the field definitions that are defined in the standard SAP system. which R/3 offers access to business data & processes.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Img – Implementation Guide The IMG acts as a checklist of the customizing activities that an enterprise should complete for a SAP system implementation project. Architecture : SAP Bus Component FI. The implementations of the system can also be ready to run R/3 [RRR] system solution. sales order etc. CATT’s are provided for industry specific businesscases defined by SAP. A bus object in a BOR can have many methods from which one or several are implemented as BAPIs. Methods [application programs] are used to modify the attributes [characteristics that specify a bus object] e. The main feature of this system is the complete delivery of hardware and software allowing you to rapidly install the R/3 system. A BAPI is assigned to one & only one bus object. The check on R/3 application level guarantees data consistency before the data is transferred to the database. The IMG is hierarchally structured. From a project IMG. HR etc Bus Objects Sales Orders BAPIs Create Sales Order Client Components Sales component on an external w/station 139 by Harnath . you can work on customizing transactions.

Create Bus Area 5. PA. Define Retained Earnings 11.OBBO ] TATA assigned to TTBP [ TC – OBBP ] Posting periods opened 2000-10 [ TC – OB52 ] No ranges copied from 0001 as none present in IN01 [ TC – OBA7 ] Tolerance Gr TATA defined [ TC – OBA0 ] Tolerance Gr “” defined [ TC – OBA4 ] Field Status Variant TATA defined 20. TTBW. Global Parameters A/c 11610000 [ TC – OB53 ] Posting Period variant TATA [ TC . -ve postings allowed. Maintain NO Ranges COST CENTERS CCA active. Create default cost center 24. Define FSV 18. Maintain FYV Assign Co Code to FYV Create COA Assign Co Code to COA Define A/c Groups Company TATABP created. Define Tolerance Groups for employees 17. Enter CO area & select fiscal year GROUP INSERT. Maintain Versions 22. Select settings for each Fiscal Year. TTBE. ABC NOT active PROFIT CENTER ON COPY 0. select element COIN. 8. Open & Close Posting Periods 14. TTBS. Maintain Controlling Area TTBP assigned to TATA [ TC – OBC5 ] Checked Global Parameters [ TC – OBY6 ] Propose fiscal year. Create Cost Element 140 . Define Doc Types & No Ranges 15. Define Tolerance groups for GL 16. default value date ON.Company Code TTBP created TTBP assigned to TATABP TTBN. TTBP CO area & STD HIER [ TC – OKKP ] Fiscal Year from 2003 21. Assign Co Code to Co 4. Create Company 2. South. Central India Fiscal Year Variant V3 [ TC – OB29 ] TTBP assigned to V3 [ TC – OB37 ] CAIN [ TC – OB13 ] TTBP assigned to CAIN [ TC – OB62 ] Groups copied N/A as already existing in CAIN [ TC – OBD4 ] 10. East. 9. . West. create no range.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Sample FI Configuration Sequence ENTERPRISE STRUCTURE 1. AA IS ON. Assign Co Code to FSV 19. 7. 6. Target TTBP & assign [ TC – KANK ] DEFTATABP [ TC – KS01 ] UOM KL [ TC – KA01 ] PRIMARY COST OF RM TRF 51000000 by Harnath 23. Create Co Code 3. TTBC created for North. Assign Variants to Co Code 13. Define PPV 12.

TTB3 created TTCC created Assigned by Harnath . 141 TTB1.Default Cost Center TPLS Silvassa Plant Gujarat TPLSL1 . TTB2. Create Cost Center Groups & Cost Centers Patalganga Plant Gujarat Paharpua Plant West Bengal Tondiarpet Plant Tamil Nadu Ballabhgarh Plant New Delhi Hoskote Plant Karnataka 26.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling COST OF PROD FACT 49000000 COST OF FIN GOODS TRF 52100000 COST OF FIN GOODS SOLD 50200000 SEMI FIN GOODS TRF 51100000 MFG SAL & WAGES 55010000 SALES – DOMESTIC BASE SALES REALISATION 40010000 UOM KL [ TC – KA06 ] SECONDARY [Celem category 43 internal activity allocation] SETUPCOSTS for setup prior to production LABOUR DIR for labour costs MACHINECST for machine costs [ TC – OKEON ] TTBP .Lane 1 TPLSL1BOS Base Oil Storage TPLSL1PUR Purification TPLSL1BLN Blending TPLSL1FIL Filter Press TPLSL1CAT Cattle Tank Storage TPLSL1AFM Auto Fill Machine TPLSL1QC Quality Checks TPLSL2 . Create Addl Bus Areas 27.Lane 2 TPLSL2BOS Base Oil Storage TPLSL2PUR Purification TPLSL2BLN Blending TPLSL2FIL Filter Press TPLSL2CAT Cattle Tank Storage TPLSL2AFM Auto Fill Machine TPLSL2QC Quality Checks TPLT TPLU TPLV TPLW TPLX CREDIT CONTROL AREA 25. Create Credit Control Area 28.STD HIER DEFTATABP . Assign Credit Control Area to Company Code.

Maintain Tax Proc 142 Already defined Assigned [TC – FTXP] by Harnath . Act Key ERL. Sales Org TTSO. Purchase Order 32.GL 50200000 Cost of Fin Goods Sold FI-SD INTEGRATION 1. Check Calc Proc 4. Assign GL A/c’s GBB –offsetting entry inv posting FOR 7920 – General Modification AUF.AUA. Valuation Class. Gl a/c] 7920 GL 24300000 – Fin Prod: Prod & Purch for sale [Posting Key 89/99] BSD – inventory posting 7920 GL Dr 58012000 Other losses matl 7920 GL Cr 45500000 Other Gains matl WRX – GR/IR clearing A/c Posting Key 86/96 GL 13110100 Ext Proc Dom GBB – offsetting entry inv posting FOR 7920 – General Modification AUF. Automatic Posting Procedures [OBYC – can be accessed thru Config Auto Postings in MM/A/C DETER W/O WIZARD] 2. GL A/C 51010100 Sales Product 1 Act Key MWS [taxes] GL A/c 24638000 TAXES 3. VAX. VBR. Purchase Requisition 31.GL 50200000 Cost of Fin Goods Sold TC VKOA Table 001 Cust Grp/Mat Grp/ Act Key Copied from CACN TTSO Table 002 Cust Grp/ Act Key Copied from CACN TTSO Table 003 Mat Grp/ Act Key Copied from CACN TTSO Table 004 General Copied from CACN TTSO Table 005 Account Key Copied from CAIN 0001 Cond Type KOFI. Automatic Posting Procedures [OBYC – can be accessed thru Config Auto Postings in MM/A/C DETER W/O WIZARD] [ with WIZARD. AAGR for Cust & Mat. PK 81/91. Assign Country to Calc Proc 5. valuation account creates a problem ??] ME51 – no integration No integration ME21 – no integration BSX – inventory posting configured [Rules based on valuation modifier. Purchase Quotation 30. VBR. valuation class] [Account Assignment – Valuation modifier. PK 81/91.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling FI-MM INTEGRATION 29. VAX.AUA.

50/4.00 IN08 Himachal Pradesh 13.00 IN22 Tamil Nadu 12.00/4.00 IN20 Rajasthan 12. Tax in Customer [TC – XD01] SD/Basic Functions/Taxes/ Define Tax Relevancy of Master Records : In customer taxes.00 IN32 Pondicherry 10.00/4.00/4. Tax Rates IN01 – IN32 defined A1 output tax jur code IN10 – Karnataka LST 12% defined CST FIELD NOT ACCESSIBLE as in condition type JIP1.00 IN06 Gujarat 12.00 IN05 Goa 12.00 IN13 Maharashtra 12.2 JIN1.00/4.00 9.00 IN21 Sikkim 10.50/4.00 IN24 Uttar Pradesh 11.00 IN29 Daman & Diu 10.00 IN23 Tripura 10.00/4.00/4.00 IN27 Chandigarh 11.00/4. similar for JIN2. Define Tax Accounts IN07 Haryana 13. 143 by Harnath .00 IN26 Andaman & Nicobar Islands 10.00 IN30 Delhi 10.00 IN25 West Bengal 12.00 IN04 Bihar 12.50/4.00 IN31 Lakshwadeep 10.00 IN12 Madhya Pradesj 11.00/4.50/4.00 / CST 4.00/4.00 IN02 Arunachal Pradesh 11.00 IN16 Mizoram 10.25/4.00 IN17 Nagaland 10.50/4. create NEW JIN1 0.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 6.00 IN19 Punjab 12. Define Tax Determination Rules : In country IN.00 IN28 Dadra & Nagar Haveli 10.00 IN15 Meghalaya 10.00/4.00/4.00 IN03 Assam 11.00/4.00 IN11 Kerala 11.00/4.00 IN10 Karnataka 12.00/4. [ Acc seq TAXJ is ok?] IN01 Andhra Pradesh LST 11.25/4.& 1 for exempt & fully taxable. Define Tax Jurisdictions 7.00/4. Define Tax Codes 8.00/4.00 IN09 Jammu & Kashmir 13.00 IN14 Manipur 10.00/4.00 [TC – OB40] JIN1 Act Key MWS GL 13113400 JIN2 Act Key MW3 GL 13113410 JIP1 & 2 Act Key NVV 10.00/4.2 level 1 was preset instead of level 2.00 IN18 Orissa 11.

FICONOTES

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A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling

change sequence 1,2 to JIN1,2. This will ensure JIN1,2 in VD01.
ASSET ACOUNTING

11. Org Stru / Check country specific settings 12. Copy COD 13. Assign Input Tax indicator for Non – Taxable Transactions 14. Assign COD to Co Code 15. Specify No Assignment across Co Codes 16. Specify A/c Determination 17. Define No Ranges 18. Define Asset Classes 19. Assign GL A/c’s AO90 Plant & Mach 20000

[TC – OA08 ] No Changes EC 08 OIN copied to TTBP OBCL A0, and V0 assigned. OAOB - assigned [if u skip 11, assignment will not take place] AO11 no change No changes AS08 01 to 06 defined OAOA no change 20200000 - acqui & prodn costs 21400000 - contra acqui 58190000 - loss on ret w/o revenue 21500000 - clearing a/c asset sale [xxx] 58190000 - loss on asset sale 45100000 - gain from asset sale 20210000 - ord acc dep 57000000 - exp dep mfg 20600000 - acqui & prodn costs 21400000 - contra acqui 58190000 - loss on ret w/o revenue 21500000 - clearing a/c asset sale [xxx] 58190000 - loss on asset sale 45100000 - gain from asset sale 20610000 - ord acc dep 57200000 - exp dep admn 20700000 - acqui & prodn costs 21400000 - contra acqui 58190000 - loss on ret w/o revenue 21500000 - clearing a/c asset sale [xxx] 58190000 - loss on asset sale 45100000 - gain from asset sale 20710000 - ord acc dep 57100000 - exp dep sales 20500000 - acqui & prodn costs 21400000 - contra acqui 58190000 - loss on ret w/o revenue 21500000 - clearing a/c asset sale [xxx] 58190000 - loss on asset sale 45100000 - gain from asset sale 20510000 - ord acc dep
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30000 Furnitures………………...

31000 Vehicles………………...

32000 Hardware………………...

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57200000 - exp dep admn A/C DETERMINATION NOT SAVED as on 07/08/04, started saving on 10/08/04
ACTIVITIES [ FOR PP ]

20. Actiivate ABC in Co Area 21. Maintain Std Hier for Co Area 22. Create Activity Type

TC – OKKP activated TC – OKW1 assigned TC – KL01, SETUP, LABOUR & MACHINE

23. Create Price Planning
AR & AP

[A/c/Co/CCA/MD/ActType/IndvProc/Create] Activity type MIN, CCtr Cat F prodn Atyp Cat 1 Manual Entry, manual alloc Price Indicator 1 Plan price auto based on activity Output unit MIN minutes TC – KP26 [A/c/Co/CCA/Pl/ActOutPrices/Change]
Preset

24. Define A/c Groups [Cust] 25. Create No Ranges [Cust] 26. Assign No Ranges to Cust A/c Groups 27. Define A/c Groups [vendors] 28. Create No Ranges [vendors] 29. Assign No Ranges to Vend A/c Groups 30. Check doc types 31. Define Posting Keys 32. Default values 33. Define a/c’s for Cash Discount taken 34. Define a/c’s for lost cash disc 35. Define a/c’s for over / under payments 36. A/c’s for exch rate diffs 37. A/c’s for rounding diffs 38. A/c’s for bank charges 39. Posting Keys for Clearing

XDN1 - created
Assigned Preset XKN1 - created Assigned OBA7 - preset OB41 - preset OBU1 - preset GL 44310000 GL 44310000 GL 58160000 13110000, 24430000 58242000 Trans BSP GL 56000000 Outgoing Payment Customers 05/18 Vendors 25/38 GL 40/50 Incoming Payment Customers 08/15 Vendors 28/35 GL 40/50 Credit Memo Customers 02/11 Vendors 21/32 GL 40/50
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Transfer Posting with Clearing Customers 07/17 Vendors 27/37 GL 40/50

40. HOUSE BANKS 41. Define House Banks

House Bank SBI Branch Churchgate Swift 123456 Bank Number 11111 Bank Key SBI A/c Id SBI Bank A/c No 11111 Alt A/c No 55555 GL 24520000 Discounts 30000000 TTBP Tolerance days 3, Vendors FP, Customers FPJ TTBP, min amt for o/p 10.00 INR, 1 b/e per due dt IN INR preset. TTBP C cheque 9,999,999.00 inr E cash 9,999,999.00 inr T bank tr 9,999,999.00 inr Ranking order 1 for C cheque Bank A/c’s SBI 25420000 Available amounts 9,999,999,999.00 Value Date 9,999,999.00 3 days 100001 - 100100 lot 101 TC – FCHI TTBP [dunning notices not yet defined ???] Preset. TC – FBMP create new proc & copy from 0001 After defining/copying the texts, the above error [48] disappears. [ To be done after defining interest indicator. ] TC – F150 after passing some entries in TELCO customer, dunning params were saved and run.
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42. Setup Co Codes for Payment Transactions 43. Setup Paying Co Codes 44. Payment Methods per country 45. Payment Methods per Co Code 46. Bank determination for payment transactions 47. Number ranges for cheques 48. DUNNING 49. Define Dunning Area 50. Define Dunning Keys 51. Define Dunning Procedures 52. Define Interest Rates 53. Dunning

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Def A/c Bal Int Calc 58.TPLA – TSA1 st loc for TPLA View Purch Orgn – TCPO.TTBP View Credit Control Areas . TCPS – TCPX View Sales Orgn – TTSO View Dist Chanels .TTBP View Plants .CS. Define No Ranges for Int forms 57.TTCC Overview Co Areas . ST View Sales Offices . OX06 6. Define Time Based Terms 60. OX08 10. Define Int Calc Types 56. T2 for item and balance @ 10 % defined for TTBP.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 54. OVX5 11. OVXB 8. OVX1 13. 147 by Harnath .19 sales offices View Sales Groups – Cust Sales Gr. OVXD View Co Code Global Data . OX10 7. OX09 9. Interest Posting Configured on [ 23/08/2004 ] T1. Dist Sales Gr View Shipping Points . OB45 5. SCC4 2. INTEREST 55. OBY6 View Company Code . OVXI 12.TPLA .TTBP 4. Def Ref Int Rates 59. DS.LD Lubricant Division View Storage Locations .TPLX View Divisions . Enter Interest Values 61.23 shipping points. OX02 3. Preset T1 & T2 defined T1 & T2 defined Defined 10% for T1 & T2 Recd 44020000 Paid 56000000 Checking Sample FI Configuration Sequence Locked 1. OVX4 14.

Pack.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 15.ST. 0KE5 29. OVXB 51. OVX6 48.DS. OB38 28. CS.1+6 PO defined.CS. LD.TTCC SETUP ASSET CLASSES . OVXI 41. OB13 17.DC – Div TTSO. OX08 35. DS. OX09 32.TTBP Assign FYV to Co Code V3 . FSP1 57. OVX5 39.Purch Orgn 6 PO assigned Purchasing Groups – 4 groups RM.Co Code TTBP .TTSO Sorg Dist Chan to Plant TTSO Dist Channel – Sorg TTSO . OME4 38. OBC5 55.ST.LD. OB45 24.Basic Data View Credit Control Areas . OX06 18.CS.CAIN Controlling Area – Basic Data Controlling Area – General Controlling Purchasing Org Assigned to Co Code – Only CPO assigned Assign COA to Co Code CAIN . OAOA 53. ST Sales Area SO . OVX1 43.LD. Purchasing Org Assigned to Co Code – Only CPO assigned Plants . OX01 20. FS01 Fiscal Yr variants . View Sales Offices Sales Area – sales offices 19 assigned Sales Groups CSG. OVX4 45. OB01 25. OB45 27. OVXA 40. OVXM 44. Edit GL A/c COA data.TTBP Co area . Consu. Dist Channels CS.TTCC EC-PCA Controlling area settings NOT CONFIGURED View Plants Allocation Plants – Co Code 23 plants View Storage Locations View Shipping Points . OB29 16. OKKP 19. OX18 31. Ship Pts – Plant 23 assigned. OB62 21. OVX3 47. OB53 56. OX01 36. EC07 34. FSP3 59. OVXJ 46. DSG Sales Offices to sales Groups 19 assigned Sorg . OX19 23. OVXD 33. Addl defined Sales Orgn TTSO defined Sales org – Divi TTSO .TTCC View Cr Risk Mgmt Categories View Cr Mgmt Cr Representative Groups Repeated ??? Assign Co Code to CCA TTBP .TATA Retained Earnings A/c 11610000 Edit GL A/c COA data. OB02 26. Edit GL A/c COA data. OVFL 52. OVXG 42. OX17 37. OB37 22. OVXK 49.TTSO.V3 12 + 4 COA .preset Field Status Groups Assign Co Code to FSV TTBP . FSP2 58.24 shipping points Create Shipping points – created 24 shipping points View Purch Orgn . OVXC 50. OX10 30. OBC4 54. View Divisions LD lubricant div Sales area to Credit Control Area . Edit GL a/c Centrally 148 by Harnath .DS.

preset Customer Groups . OKEO 86.Industry & Retail Terms of Payment 0001. OBA4 82. FB03 67. OMWD 71.3. FBL3 66.6 Vendor SAIL1 ????? Std Hierarchy . OMWM 70. KP27 100. FSS1 69.3.2.created Change Cost Element Display Cost Element Delete Cost Element Display Change Documents Create Secondary Cost Element Create Activity Type Change Activity Type Display Activity Type Delete Activity Type Display Change Documents – Activity Type Change Activity Type / Price Planning. FS03 62. OVT0 79. OMS1 76. KL04 97. XK01. KA01 88. MMNR 75. OMS2 74. KL02 95.Valuation Grouping Code NOT DEFINED NOT ASSIGNED A/c Cat Ref Val Classes MM view on Co Codes open for per 6/2004 Material Types .3. KA04 91. KL05 98. Create Cost Element . FS06 65.created. OBA3 85.4. KP26 99. OMSY 73. OBD4 68. KSBT Edit GL a/c Centrally Edit GL a/c Centrally Central GL A/c Changes Edit GL a/c Centrally Edit GL a/c Centrally GL A/c Line Item Display Display Document GL A/c Groups Edit GL a/c Co Code Data Valuation Control A/c Deter for Valuation Areas . 0002 “ “ defined for TTBP XD01. OMSF 77.CC group . OBB8 81.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 60. KA02 89.4. KL01 94.V-09 Customer Master . Display Activity Type / Price Planning Activity Type Price Reports 149 by Harnath . KL03 96. G01 – G05 Customer No Ranges – Defined. OMSJ 84.4 [RFDABL00 ??] Vendor A/c Groups . FS05 64. KA06 93.preset Material Master No Ranges [very small intervals] Units of Measure Groups . OVZC 78. KA03 90.defined & assigned. FK02.preset Vendor No Ranges .6. OMSK 72. FS04 63.2. OVS9 80. V-03 . KA05 92.5. KS01 87.defined Tolerance Group TATA defined. FS02 61. OMSG 83.NO ENTRIES Material Groups. Create Cost Center .5.No Entries Customer A/c Groups .

107. 108. based on SAP’s live cache technology which allows forecasting. 106. 109. 102.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling 101. 103. 104. 110. 105. 111. planning & optimizing to be executed in realtime. SAP 150 by Harnath . KO01 KO02 KO03 KO04 KOK3 KO12 KO13 KO22 FD24 FD32 FD33 Create I/o [not in use] Change I/o [not in use] Display I/o [not in use] Order Manager Collective Display for I/o Change Overall Planning Display Overall Planning Change Original Budget Credit Mgmt Changes [Cr Co Area] Cust Credit Mgmt Changes [Cr Co Area] Display Cust Credit Mgmt Changes [Cr Co Area] Advanced Planner & Optimiser [Supply Chain Planning & Optimization] Provides a complete suite of supply chain planner applications.

Demand Planning :Identifies & analyzes patterns & fluctuations in demand. transportation. including external data sources such as databases. and gives customers reliable delivery commitments by means of both realtime checks & sophisticated simulation methods. SAP BIW supports OLAP and is particularly suited for processing large volumes of operational & historical data. with visibility and control across the entire procurement chain. Each of SAP APO components like Demand Planning can be implemented as a standalone product or as an integrated part of the business framework. approval & rejection. to the payment of the invoice. simulation and planning. status & tracking. and covers all processes from creation of a requisition. production & transportation processes to demand.optimizes the use of resources & creates accurate plant by plant production schedules in order to shorten prodn life cycles and respond rapidly to changes in market demand. online services and the internet.matches purchasing. Supply Network Planning :. and lets you create links between the production. Global ATP [available to promise] :– matches supply to demand on a truly world wide scale. with or without catalogs. SAP BIW [bus info warehouse] Enables analysis of data from operationsl R/3 applications or any other bus applications. full cycle. SAP LES [logistics execution system] :Is part of SAP’s unique Supply Chain Management initiative. and balances & optimizes your entire supply network. storage. SAP B2B Procurement Solution : Enables open. invoicing & performance reporting functions. The supply chain cockpit provides users with a birds eye view of all activities & applications. Production Planning & Detailed Schedules : . while providing the purchasing department. leaving purchase departments free to focus on strategic purchasing operations. 151 by Harnath . companies can streamline their requisition & indirect procurement processes. and creates accurate dynamic demand forecasts. staff productive and decision makers informed. It means real time data for decision making. desktop receiving and service entry support. procurement. All end users are able to purchase goods and services straight from their desktops. distribution. sales and service processes. purchase orders & reservations with or without catalogs.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling APO is a separate SAP solution with its own release cycle. Supply Chain Cockpit :Models. SAP b2b procurement includes the creation & maintenance of requisitions. Using this compelling b2b procurement solution. monitors & manages your supply chain with a specially designed GUI. It helps keep customers happy. and cut the overall cost of procurement. inter enterprise procurement.

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MYSAP.COM MYSAP.COM is a comprehensive, open, e-business solutions environment, comprising of portals, industry specific enterprise applications, internet applications and services, as well as XML based technology – all of which combine to enable companies to participate in the Internet economy. The bus objective of mYSap.com are to empower people to create value, and enable one-step bus transactions. MYSAP.com places the internet at the center of SAP’s activities. It leverages all of SAP’s key assets, including its extensive product portfolio, customer base, partner community and expertise in integrating business processes. In the old economy, integration meant business process integration. In the new economy, it requires integration of processes between enterprises. ERP made SAP R/3 a worldwide standard system. Since 1996 SAP R/3 has been e-commerce capable. SAP products incorporated business technology for the future allowing customers to be ready for the future without system change for the new economy, where the requirement is for collaboration more than working together. Processes, where many users participate and can be executed simultaneously as a one step business. Sap focus earlier was company created, now it is market centered [via the internet] where mySAP.com places the internet at the center of SAP’s activities. It leverages all of SAP’s key asets including its extensive product portfolio, customer base, partner community and expertise in integrating business processes. MYSAP.com is the collaborative environment providing personalized business solutions on demand. WorkPlace:- consists of links inside & outside a company’s boundaries. Links can be made to Non mySAP components - Ext systems using open internet standards. MySAPcomponent - classical & new web based R/3 transactions [R/3 standard system, new dimensions, industry solutions], reports [BIW reports with BW 2.0a], Knowledge WH contents MYSAP.com internet services - mySAP.com marketplace Any internet or intranet web sites. Key Benefits of a Workplace Access to all necessary internet & external services through one screen. Seamless integration in mySAP.com environment. Protal is tailored to users role in the company. Single sign on access to all services. User friendly web browser interface. Access via the Internet anytime, anywhere. Workplace is an application on a users desktop that co-operates with a web browser & provides a personalized, role specific view on the entire business world. This business world includes market places, applications, services and content provided by a company over the Intranet or other companies via the internet. Marketplace portal is a place on the web where communities can exchange goods and services electronically. The mySAP.com marketplace is a public business portal hosted by SAP. Anyone who sells or buys can participate in the mySAP.com marketplace. It is not for just SAP applications or SAP customers. The mission of the mySAP.com marketplace, is to engineer business collaboration across enterprises via the internet. The main components of mySAP.com marketplace include :
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MyHome : - personalized homepage for the registered user with favourites from the mySAP.com web site. Communities : - content rich data organized along the vertical & horizontal industries supported by SAP. One Step Business : - portion of the site where users can browse merchant web sites and procure products and services. Services : - internet services are available for the user to which he can subscribe. Key Benefits of the marketplace : Personalized home page available for registered users. Streamlined business process flow with one step business. Access to a broad scope of suppliers. Reduce costs ofinteraction with external partners Content rich communities available for better decision making & to interact with other business professionals. Direct access to value add internet services.

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Miscellaneous : PLEASE DO NOT EXPERIMENT
Report Painter
Report Painter allows you to create reports using data from SAP application components, which you can adapt to meet your individual requirements. Many of your reporting requirements can already be met by using the standard reports provided by various SAP application components. If these SAP standard reports do not meet your reporting needs, Report Painter enables you to define your specific reports quickly and easily. Report Painter fulfills a function similar to Report Writer, but is easier to use. Most of the functions found in Report Writer have been built into Report Painter; however, you do not need to be familiar with all Report Writer concepts (such as Sets) in order to use Report Painter. When executing a Report Painter report, it is displayed by the system in Report Writer format. You thus have access to the same functions as for Report Writer reports defined in the same way, and can combine Report Painter and Report Writer reports together in a report group. Report Painter uses a graphical report structure, which forms the basis for your report definition and displays the rows and columns as they appear in the final report output. To facilitate report definition, you can use many of the standard reporting objects provided by SAP (such as libraries, row/column models, and standard layouts) in your own specific reports. When you define a Report Painter report you can use groups (sets). You can also enter characteristic values directly. Advantages of Report Painter include: • • • Flexible and simple report definition Report definition without using sets Direct layout control: The rows and columns are displayed in the report definition as they appear in the final report output, making test runs unnecessary.

For comprehensive information on the Report Painter, see the SAP Library, under Financial Accounting → Special Purpose Ledger → InfoSystem / Report Painter Reports

Report Variants

Creating Report Variants : 1. From the menu bar, choose System → Services → Reporting. 2. In the Program field, enter the report name. (If you do not know the name, see Finding the Name of a
Report You Want to Execute.) as explained below : Choose System → Services → Reporting.

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and choose Choose. In the Program field. The ABAP Variants initial screen appears 5.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling The report selection screen appears. In the Variant field. Using Report Variants : 1. 3. To view the contents of the variant. + = 1 char. 3. Place the cursor on the report name. To execute the report with the variant. To obtain a list of available variants. Displaying Available Report Variants : 1. enter the report name. as needed. Choose With variant. Choose Program → Execute. double-click the report name. Or. and choose Create. In the Variant field. Choose Execute. the program name will be in the box ] for Program. From the menu bar. 4. choose System → Services → Reporting. 5. enter a name for this variant. * = multiple chars. Enter values in the selection criteria input fields. 5. enter the desired variant. From the application toolbar. 2. All the variants attached to the report appear. The selection criteria screen for the report appears. [ using back till variant screen. 4. 7. A list of reports appears. choose the possible entries icon select an entry from the dropdown list box. 155 by Harnath . From the menu bar. and 3. From the menu bar. choose the possible entries button. choose Goto → Variants. The report search screen (ABAP Program Directory) appears: In the Program field. 6. The system displays the selection screen for the report. choose Execute. You can use any combination of characters to create the variant name except for special characters. choose Overview of variants. Or. complete with data. 4. such as the percent sign (%) or dollar sign ($). plus any wildcards ( * or + ). Choose Utilities → Find Program. 2. In the Program field. To use the variant. enter the report name. choose System → Services → Reporting. place the cursor on a variant and choose Variants → Display values. highlight the variant and choose Execute with variant. Select attributes [ top button ] enter description & save. enter any part of the report name that you know. 7. 6.

This tutorial shows you how to create an organizational unit from scratch. • The positions and the relationships also have validity dates. This is easy and ensures that the reporting and auditing work consistently. • • • • • • • • • • • • • First Step in Creating the Organizational Plan Specify Validity of the Main Organizational Unit Description of the Main Screen Create a Hierarchy of Organizational Units Create an Organizational Sub-Unit Create Positions Create Positions (Part 2) Describe the Position Search for a User Select a User Assign the User to the Position Determine the Validity The Organizational Unit Is Complete • • First Step in Creating the Organizational Plan o SAP/Tools/BusWF/Dev/DefTools/OrgMgmt/OrgPlan/Create [ PPOCW ] Specify Validity of the Main Organizational Unit 156 by Harnath . Use the validity date to delimit the existence of the organizational object.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling The system displays the selection screen filled with data. users. For example: A position is assigned to an organizational unit. A user can be assigned to this position for the next sixth months leaving it vacant after this date. You will notice that this is not just a technical representation but also reflects the way a company handles organizational management. The position is described by a job and a user is assigned to this position. As you can see. Tip: Never delete positions. and to maintain the assignments and reorganizations in advance so that they automatically come into effect at midnight on the appropriate day. this makes it very easy for the workflow administrator to keep the organizational structure up-todate. or any other organizational unit. • There are direct relationships between the different objects. WorkFlows : PLEASE DO NOT EXPERIMENT • Configuring a WorkFlow o Create a Simple Oraganisational Unit In this section you will create a simple organizational structure. For example: A position can be created in advance so that it is valid from the beginning of the next month. The vacancy can be filled at any time by the system administrator.

You can switch between different types of detailed information (views) using the tab strips. if it is assigned to a workflow task no agents will be found outside this validity period. detail frame. while you are displaying the organizational unit you may search for another organizational unit to compare them. The organizational unit is only valid for this duration. An object can either be dragged and dropped into the maintenance frame in a relationship (such as a user to be assigned to an organizational unit) or displayed in the maintenance frame by double-clicking on it. This frame displays the main object and its relationships .in this case the new organizational unit that you are creating. Later. • Create Positions 157 by Harnath . TOP RIGHT 2 Detail frame. This allows you to set up an organizational object in advance. Do not confuse this with the undo button ( made up to the last save. This frame is independent of the maintenance frame and the detail frame. • Create a Hierarchy of Organizational Units Top Left NEW ORGN UNIT becomes ORGN UNIT FOR BOOK after Save of Right Middle i. This displays the detailed information about the organizational object selected in the maintenance frame.in other words forever. The results of the search based on the search criteria frame is displayed here. The default is to start immediately and terminate in the year 9999 . It allows you to search for new objects which can be displayed or linked to other objects.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling All organizational objects have a validity period. 1 Maintenance frame. LEFT TOP 4 Search results frame. ). It also allows you to specify a termination date. which undoes changes The frames can be resized by stretching their frame outline and the detail frame can be eliminated (or recovered) by clicking on its title bar. Normally you create a workflow from the Workflow Builder rather than this screen. LEFT BOTTOM The blue arrow buttons ( ) are used to navigate back and forth between the views that you have displayed. MIDDLE RIGHT create as Org Unit BOOKDEPT & Desc as ORG UNIT FOR BOOK 3 Search criteria frame. Choosing the blue "back" arrow will return to view the original unit. Later. Select orgn unit by double clicking on it. For example. • Create an Organizational Sub-Unit The list of object types that can be created depends on the original object selected. Double-clicking on the new unit will display it in the maintenance frame. if there is an organizational reshuffle this termination date can be brought forward.e. Do not forget to regularly save the data ( ). • Description of the Main Screen The maintenance screen is divided into four frames. An organizational object can be assigned: • Subsidiary organizational objects • Positions • Tasks (single step tasks used in a workflow) • Workflows (meaning that anyone assigned to the original organization has the authorization to start this workflow).

ACTIVATE EVENTS Select Event Activation • Activate the Event • All Events Activated • • • Return to the application hierarchy & select event activation to activate the event linkage for this WF. Select one of the orgn units & create positions for it usingthe create button again. by searching for a user. Your WF will now start automatically.[ or assign a JOB using F4 ] • Search for a User Assign an existing user to the position. Southern Division ]. GOTO Log Gen/Log Basic Data/Bus Partners/Vendor Master & activate event linking FA. Since the tasks are general tasks. Save the changes you have made so far. Whenever a vendor is blocked. and create an addl orgn unit. Select one of the events & use activate icon. everyone in your system will receive the work items in their inbox. Repeat for other events. • The Organizational Unit Is Complete Now you have assigned a user to the position and you can continue this for other positions. All the events have been activated. Select General task in the dialog box. whenever this occurs. Task Assignment Frame. Select the tasks shown in the chapter description. Choose Edit / Refresh Index to refresh the buffers. Reader1.g.LO-MD-BPVM.e. Your organizational unit is now complete. this workflow will automatically start. • 158 by Harnath . • Determine the Validity Accept the default. • Create Positions (Part 2) & Describe the Position This time select position and dbl click Enter a description for the position e.FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling Type in a description of the new orgn unit [ e. Drag & drop the user chosen into the postion [ Reader1 ] in the frame on the right i. • Select a User & Assign the User to the Position Enter thesearch criteria & find users matching. ASSIGN AGENTS Start the Customizing Transaction • Select Task-Specific Customizing for Workflow • Expand the Application Hierarchy • Select the Application • Task List • Make the Task a General Task • The Tasks Have Been Classified • • • • • Select Event Activation: USE IMG/BasisCompo/BusMgmt/SAPBusWF/ Perform Task Specific Customizing GOTO Log Gen/Log Basic Data/Bus Partners/Vendor Master & assign agents to tasks FA LO-MD-BPVM.g. and make the task a general task using the ATTRIBUTE button. & JOB as BookReader.

159 by Harnath .FICONOTES : A guide to Configuring Financial Accounting and Controlling The belowmentioned are not part of the above. These can be incorporated in a schedule manager as tasks & then executed. start time etc o Schedule a task for a particular date and time. program/transaction.SCMA • Create a task list [top header/tasklist/create] o Enter name of task o Enter desc.  Return to Scheduling [TOP]  Select Task. IMG/BASISCOMPO/BUSMGMT/SAPBUSWF/ • Maintain Std Settings [ SWU3 ] o Automatic Customization o Test RFC Destination o Start Verification Workflow • Bus Workplace [ SO01 ] IMG/FA/ARAP/BusTrans/Release for Payment/ • Create Workflow Variant for Release for Payment • Assign Company Code Workflow Variant for Release for Payment • Define Release Approval Groups for Release for Payment • Define Release Approval Paths for Release for Payment • Assign Release Approval Paths for Release for Payment • Assign Release Approval Procedure for Release for Payment • Define Relevant Document Types for Release for Payment • Define Users with Authorization to Release Payment Schedule Manager . calender etc & save o Tasklist appears in the tasklist o Change task list [top]  Right click on task list  Create task • Enter desc. title & enter  Click immediate & save  Background job is scheduled  System/Services/jJobOverview/execute [sm37]  Click jobname & view spool [xxx] o You can also create a RUN SCHEDULE from IMG/FA/GLOBAL/DOCUMENT/RECURRING ENTRIES/ DEFINE RUN SCHEDULES & ENTER RUN DATES. right click & simulation of scheduling  Enter planned run date o Select task & execute IN BACKGROUND [TOP HEADER]  Enter output device [LP01].

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