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Today·s world pollution is a big concern and it poses serious threat to the human health and environment. With unprecedented expansion in population, the pollution in India has sky rocketed. The pollution in India shoots up abruptly due to various factors and the pollution due to festivals is also one among them. The practice of immersion of Ganesh idols after the Ganesh festival in various cities is causing severe water pollution which leads to the death of tonnes of fish and many aquatic creatures. Gone are the days when the idols are made with clay, nowadays idols are made with Plaster Of Paris and chemical dyes. The repeated cautions and warnings of ecologists and environmental scientists towards the possible hazards inflicted by the Plaster Of Paris are falling into the deaf ears of the idol makers and buyers. According to scientists, Plaster Of Paris does not get dissolved or disintegrated fast. Moreover, the chemical dyes and colours being used to colour the idols contain poisonous elements. Particularly, Red, Blue, Orange and Green colours contain Mercury, Zinc oxide, Chromium and Lead, the potential causes of developing cancer. According to one estimate, 7500 idols of Ganesh are weighing about 20,000 kg or in other words, 20 tons. The sea-shore of Mumbai absorbs the immersion of about 1.5 lakh idols every year. The very calculation of the accumulation of clay, Plaster Of Paris, dangerous Chemicals from the paints and colours will shatter the thinking faculty of any brain. The immersion of Durga Statutes during the Durga pooja is also a cause of concern for environmentalists. In Orissa alone 5,000 Durga pooja idols are made, most of them using harmful paints. Heavy metals like lead and chrome are not easily assimilated in an aquatic environment and can lead to the massive hurt of flora and fauna of the river, pond, lake and coastal areas. As the same river, pond and lake water is used for bathing and drinking purpose high levels of lead can damage the heart, kidneys, liver, circulatory system and central nervous system, the environmentalist warned.
Holi. respiratory disorders and allergies. oxides of nitrogen. acids.3 db which are higher than the prescribed limit of 50 db. thousand and ten thousand wallas. The seemingly harmless. hydrogen bombs. itching but can impair vision. alkalis. Noise pollution on Diwali is between 69. Even strict and stringent warnings are also given to public to refrain from bursting crackers such as atom bombs. sulphur and potassium chlorate and when burnt. police.As Ganesh festival and Durga pooja is troubling the aquatic creatures largely. Diwali. oxides of heavy metals and particulate matter that pollute the air and cause eye irritation. emit gases such as sulphur dioxide. The government. pieces of glass. a festival of vibrant hues that brings with it a variety of colours is harmful to human beings. ´pleasing to eyeµ colours are synthetic and toxic because of the presence of cheap materials like mica. .7 db and 88. irritation. Crackers are sometimes manufactured using barium sulphate. But it is all solely depend on the ´change of mindµ. sodium nitrate. bullet bombs. pollution control boards are suggesting many alternative ways to celebrate festivals which does not pollute the environment. The decibel levels alarmingly high in metros and it may reach up to 100 db. cause respiratory problems and also cancer. Newborns and aged people have a nightmarish experience because of the high levels of sound caused by crackers during Diwali. which not only induce skin disorders like abrasion. one of the important festivals in India has the distinction of polluting the environment to the core.
The smoke of fireworks consists mainly of fine toxic dusts and chemicals that easily enter the lungs and represents a real danger for those already sick as well as for the healthy. But these crackers spoil our environment by causing noise and air pollution and also affect our health. Every festival takes an important part in the life of different peoples from different communities of India. In every months many festival comes and fill colors in our life. If you or your family member suffers from breathing problems. Crackers of varied colors and sounds fill the skies heralding India·s favorite festival. Crackers hold a fascination for both young and old alike. . Though many have religious origins. then it·s time to start taking precautions. Asthma patients beware Asthma patients staying in congested localities are more likely to suffer as the smoke generated by fire crackers does not disperse easily. others involve seasonal change or have some cultural significance.Festival of Air and Noise Pollution There are numerous types of festivals in the world.
high blood pressure. Following precautions can be taken during this festive season Diwali. Don·t light crackers inside the house. The people who suffer with illnesses of the respiratory system and circulation problems must be advised to avoid highly polluted areas and avoid sudden temperature change. People with breathing diseases should stay indoor to avoid inhaling smoke from outside. Keeping inhalers handy and avoiding direct exposure to the smoke can help reduce the risk. Noise pollution can cause hearing loss.y People should avoid bursting crackers in the building compounds. narrow lanes and congested areas. y y y y y Precautions against Noise pollution The use of fire crackers during the festive season of Dussehra and Diwali pose health hazards causing noise and air pollution. heart attack and sleep disturbances. Use open grounds to light fireworks ² never light them in balconies or near buildings. People suffering from asthma can increase medication and should immediately approach the doctors if the problem aggravates. .
can lead to hearing loss in just minutes. even at what might seem to be a safe distance. and 6 a. the streets are littered with paper. educational institutions. Ban fire-crackers with a decibel level of more than 100 at a distance of 4 meters from the bursting point. Spread awareness about the noise and air pollution that they cause. Protect your children by avoiding loud noise. permanent ringing in the ears and headaches.y Crackers producing noise should not be burst between 10 p. green and healthy y y y y y y y y y y y . nor try to clean the ear by oneself or by untrained personnel. Organize Neighborhood Cleanup programs or events to keep our environment clean.m. Minor damage at a young age can lead to major hearing loss. Apart from the air and noise pollution. can reduce noise by 15 to 30 decibels. In case of ear trauma. People should make this festival clean. Crackers which bear the Supreme Court instructions and noise pollution levels alone should be purchased.m. courts and religious places). Please refrain from buying fire crackers which exceeded prescribed noise limit. Wear earplugs when going to rock concerts or fireworks exhibits. Prohibit setting of crackers in the silence zones (that is the areas within 100 meters of hospitals. Earplugs. properly worn. Noise from a firecracker. it is advisable not to instill any eardrop. Hearing loss come side effects such as balance problems.
It can also cause acute respiratory infections in children. magnesium. decorating with flowers and distributing sweets. Apart from the noise. y Oxides of Nitrogen can cause skin problems. There are many others methods through which we can celebrate our festivals.y Help apartment owners to plan a ¶No Crackers· campaign to reach out to the whole community. eye irritation. senior citizens and infants. . cardiovascular diseases. crackers release a lot of toxic gases like Sulfur dioxide and Nitrogen dioxide which can lead to many health problems. not crackers´. They come up with awareness campaigns and slogans like ³Diwali is a festival of lights. cadmium. RSPM levels during Diwali doubled compared to 2006. nitrate. and allergies in adults. and cause respiratory problems in children. y Chemicals used in crackers like lead. It affects them physically and mentally. but nobody seems to take notice. Clearly environmental groups and eco-clubs are fighting a losing battle. Crackers cause tremendous air and noise pollution. Air pollution during Diwali Studies by the Centre for Science and Environment (CSE) around Delhi conclude that this year. trouble animals and senior citizens. chronic respiratory diseases. gifts and happiness. It is uncomfortable feelings for sick. A Chandigarh Pollution Control Committee (CPCC) study last year showed a 6-10% percent increase in air pollution during Diwali. and result in fatal accidents. sodium. bronchitis. and others can have various harmful effects. and other respiratory disease y Sulfur dioxide can damage lungs and lead to lung disorders like wheezing and shortness of breath. We should celebrate our festivals with lighting Diyas. Suspended particulate matter can cause asthma. Impact of air pollution on health Air pollution can lead to lung cancer. Pledge ´cracker-free Diwaliµ and motivate your friends and relatives to promote ¶No Crackers· campaign and save environment. pregnant. ³celebrate an eco-sensitive Diwali this year´.
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