Section

3
Overcurrent Protection
3.1.0 3.1.1 3.2.1 3.2.2 3.2.3 3.2.4 3.2.5 3.3.1 3.4.1 3.5.1 3.5.2 3.6.1 3.6.2 3.6.3 3.6.4 3.6.5 3.6.6 3.6.7 3.6.8 3.6.9 3.6.10 3.6.11 3.6.12 3.6.13 3.6.14 3.6.15 3.6.16 Introduction NEC Section 90.2, Scope of the NEC NEC Section 110.3(A)(5), (6), and (8), Requirements for Equipment Selection NEC Section 110.3(B), Requirements for Proper Installation of Listed and Labeled Equipment NEC Section 110.9, Requirements for Proper Interrupting Rating of Overcurrent Protective Devices NEC Section 110.10, Proper Protection of System Components from Short Circuits NEC Section 110.22, Proper Marking and Identification of Disconnecting Means NEC Section 210.20(A), Ratings of Overcurrent Devices on Branch Circuits Serving Continuous and Noncontinuous Loads NEC Section 215.10, Requirements for Ground-Fault Protection of Equipment on Feeders NEC Section 230.82, Equipment Allowed to Be Connected on the Line Side of the Service Disconnect NEC Section 230.95, Ground-Fault Protection for Services NEC Section 240.1, Scope of Article 240 on Overcurrent Protection NEC Section 240.3, Protection of Conductors Other than Flexible Cords and Fixture Wires NEC Section 240.4, Proper Protection of Fixture Wires and Flexible Cords NEC Section 240.6, Standard Ampere Ratings NEC Sections 240.8 and 380.17, Protective Devices Used in Parallel NEC Section 240.9, Thermal Devices NEC Section 240.10, Requirements for Supplementary Overcurrent Protection NEC Section 240.11, Definition of Current-Limiting Overcurrent Protective Devices NEC Section 240.12, System Coordination or Selectivity NEC Section 240.13, Ground-Fault Protection of Equipment on Buildings or Remote Structures NEC Section 240.21, Location Requirements for Overcurrent Devices and Tap Conductors NEC Section 240.40, Disconnecting Means for Fuses NEC Section 240.50, Plug Fuses, Fuseholders, and Adapters NEC Section 240.51, Edison-Base Fuses NEC Section 240.53, Type S Fuses NEC Section 240.54, Type S Fuses, Adapters, and Fuseholders
3.1

3.2

Section Three

3.6.17 3.6.18 3.6.19 3.6.20 3.6.21 3.6.22 3.6.23 3.6.24 3.6.25 3.6.26 3.7.1 3.7.2 3.7.3 3.7.4 3.8.1 3.9.1 3.10.1 3.11.1 3.11.2 3.11.3 3.11.4 3.11.5 3.11.6 3.11.7 3.11.8 3.11.9 3.11.10 3.11.11 3.11.12 3.11.13 3.12.1 3.12.2 3.13.1 3.13.2 3.13.3 3.13.4 3.14.1 3.15.1

NEC Section 240.60, Cartridge Fuses and Fuseholders NEC Section 240.61, Classification of Fuses and Fuseholders NEC Section 240.86, Series Ratings NEC Section 240.90, Supervised Industrial Installations NEC Section 240.92(B), Transformer Secondary Conductors of Separately Derived Systems (Supervised Industrial Installations Only) NEC Section 240.92(B)(1), Short-Circuit and Ground-Fault Protection (Supervised Industrial Installations Only) NEC Section 240.92(B)(2), Overload Protection (Supervised Industrial Installations Only) NEC Section 240.92(C), Outside Feeder Taps (Supervised Industrial Installations Only) NEC Section 240.100, Feeder and Branch-Circuit Protection Over 600 V Nominal NEC Section 240.100(C), Conductor Protection NEC Section 250.2(D), Performance of Fault-Current Path NEC Section 250.90, Bonding Requirements and Short-Circuit Current Rating NEC Section 250.96(A), Bonding Other Enclosures and Short-Circuit Current Requirements NEC Section 250.122, Sizing of Equipment Grounding Conductors NEC Section 310.10, Temperature Limitation of Conductors NEC Section 364.11, Protection at a Busway Reduction NEC Section 384.16, Panelboard Overcurrent Protection NEC Section 430.1, Scope of Motor Article NEC Section 430.6, Ampacity of Conductors for Motor Branch Circuits and Feeders NEC Section 430.8, Marking on Controllers NEC Section 430.32, Motor Overload Protection NEC Section 430.36, Fuses Used to Provide Overload and Single-Phasing Protection NEC Section 430.52, Sizing of Various Overcurrent Devices for Motor Branch-Circuit Protection NEC Section 430.53, Connecting Several Motors or Loads on One Branch Circuit NEC Section 430.71, Motor Control-Circuit Protection NEC Section 430.72(A), Motor Control-Circuit Overcurrent Protection NEC Section 430.72(B), Motor Control-Circuit Conductor Protection NEC Section 430.72(C), Motor Control-Circuit Transformer Protection NEC Section 430.94, Motor Control-Center Protection NEC Section 430.109(A)(6), Manual Motor Controller as a Motor Disconnect NEC Section 440.5, Marking Requirements on HVAC Controllers NEC Section 440.22, Application and Selection of the Branch-Circuit Protection for HVAC Equipment NEC Section 450.3, Protection Requirements for Transformers NEC Section 450.3(A), Protection Requirements for Transformers Over 600 V NEC Section 450.3(B), Protection Requirements for Transformers 600 V or Less NEC Section 450.6(A)(3), Tie-Circuit Protection NEC Section 455.7, Overcurrent Protection Requirements for Phase Converters NEC Section 460.8(B), Overcurrent Protection of Capacitors

Overcurrent Protection

3.3

3.16.1 3.17.1 3.18.1 3.19.1 3.20.1 3.21.1 3.22.1 3.23.1 3.23.2 3.23.3 3.24.1 3.25.1 3.26.1

NEC Section 501.6(B), Fuses for Class 1, Division 2 Locations NEC Section 517.17, Requirements for Ground-Fault Protection and Coordination in Health Care Facilities NEC Section 520.53(F)(2), Protection of Portable Switchboards on Stage NEC Section 550.6(B), Overcurrent Protection Requirements for Mobile Homes and Parks NEC Section 610.14(C), Conductor Sizes and Protection for Cranes and Hoists NEC Section 620.62, Selective Coordination of Overcurrent Protective Devices for Elevators NEC Section 670.3, Industrial Machinery NEC Section 700.5, Emergency Systems: Their Capacity and Rating NEC Section 700.16, Emergency Illumination NEC Section 700.25, Emergency System Overcurrent Protection Requirements (FPN) NEC Section 705.16, Interconnected Electric Power Production Sources: Interrupting and Short-Circuit Current Rating NEC Section 725.23, Overcurrent Protection for Class 1 Circuits NEC Section 760.23, Requirements for Non-Power-Limited Fire Alarm Signaling Circuits

3.1.0

Introduction
In this section, a presentation format of questions and answers has been used to focus on the factors that are pertinent to a basic understanding and application of overcurrent protective devices. Relevant sections of the National Electrical Code (NEC) are referenced and analyzed in detail. Each section is translated into simple, easily understood language, complemented by one-line diagrams giving sound, practical means of applying overcurrent protection, as well as affording compliance with the NEC. The following is by permission of Cooper Bussmann, Inc.

3.1.1

NEC Section 90.2, Scope of the NEC 3.1.1

3.2.1 NEC Section 110.3(A)(5), (6), and (8) Requirements for Equipment Selection 3.2.1

3.4

Section Three

3.2.2 NEC Section 110.3(B), Requirements for Proper Installation of Listed and Labeled Equipment 3.2.2

(continued)

Overcurrent Protection

3.5

3.2.2

(Continued)

3.6

Section Three

3.2.3 NEC Section 110.9, Requirements for Proper Interrupting Rating of Overcurrent Protective Devices 3.2.3

(continued)

Overcurrent Protection

3.7

3.2.3

(Continued)

(continued)

3.8

Section Three

3.2.3

(Continued)

(continued)

Overcurrent Protection

3.9

3.2.3

(Continued)

(continued)

3.10

Section Three

3.2.3

(Continued)

(continued)

Overcurrent Protection

3.11

3.2.3

(Continued)

(continued)

3.12

Section Three

3.2.3

(Continued)

Overcurrent Protection

3.13

3.2.4 NEC Section 110.10, Proper Protection of System Components from Short Circuits 3.2.4

(continued)

3.14

Section Three

3.2.4

(Continued)

(continued)

Overcurrent Protection

3.15

3.2.4

(Continued)

3.16

Section Three

3.2.5 NEC Section 110.22, Proper Marking and Identification of Disconnecting Means 3.2.5

3.3.1 NEC Section 210.20(A), Ratings of Overcurrent Devices on Branch Circuits Serving Continuous and Noncontinuous Loads 3.3.1

3.4.1 NEC Section 215.10, Requirements for Ground-Fault Protection of Equipment on Feeders 3.4.1

Overcurrent Protection

3.17

3.5.1 NEC Section 230.82, Equipment Allowed to Be Connected on the Line Side of the Service Disconnect 3.5.1

3.5.2 NEC Section 230.95, Ground-Fault Protection for Services 3.5.2

(continued)

3.18

Section Three

3.5.2

(Continued)

3.6.1 NEC Section 240.1, Scope of Article 240 on Overcurrent Protection 3.6.1

(continued)

Overcurrent Protection

3.19

3.6.1

(Continued)

3.6.2 NEC Section 240.3, Protection of Conductors Other than Flexible Cords and Fixture Wires 3.6.2

3.20

Section Three

3.6.3 NEC Section 240.4, Proper Protection of Fixture Wires and Flexible Cords 3.6.3

Overcurrent Protection

3.21

3.6.4

NEC Section 240.6, Standard Ampere Ratings 3.6.4

3.6.5 NEC Sections 240.8 and 380.17, Protective Devices Used in Parallel 3.6.5

3.6.6

NEC Section 240.9, Thermal Devices 3.6.6

3.22

Section Three

3.6.7 NEC Section 240.10, Requirements for Supplementary Overcurrent Protection 3.6.7

Overcurrent Protection

3.23

3.6.8 NEC Section 240.11, Definition of Current-Limiting Overcurrent Protective Devices
(This article is not a part of the 2002 NEC, but is included for reference from the 1999 NEC.)

3.6.8

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