P. 1
Electrostatic Comsol 4.2

Electrostatic Comsol 4.2

|Views: 1,498|Likes:
Published by Sophie Phan

More info:

Published by: Sophie Phan on Jan 25, 2012
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/14/2013

pdf

text

original

1.

Charge Conservation
The Charge Conservation node adds the equations for charge conservation according to Gauss’ law for the electric displacement field. The Charge Conservation page contains these sections for defining the related material properties: To display additional features for the physics interface feature nodes (and the physics interfaces), click the Show button ( ) on the Model Builder and then select the applicable option. DOMAIN SELECTION Select the domains where you want to define the electric potential and the equation based on Gauss’ law that describes the potential field. MODEL INPUTS This section contains field variables that appear as model inputs, if the current settings include such model inputs. By default, this section is empty. COORDINATE SYSTEM SELECTION The Global coordinate system is selected by default. The Coordinate system list contains any additional coordinate systems that the model includes. ELECTRIC FIELD Select a Constitutive relation to describe the macroscopic properties of the medium (relating the electric displacement D with the electric field E) and the applicable material properties, such as the relative permittivity. Select: - Relative permittivity to use the constitutive relation D = ε0εrE (the default). - Polarization to use the constitutive relation D = ε0E + P. - Remanent displacement to use constitutive relation D = ε0εrE + Dr, where Dr is the remanent displacement (the displacement when no electric field is present). * If Relative permittivity is selected, the default is to take the Relative permittivity (εr) values From material.  If User defined is selected, select Isotropic, Diagonal, Symmetric, or Anisotropic and enter values or expressions in the field or matrix. * If Polarization is selected, enter components (3 in 3D, 2 in 2D) for the Polarization vector P (SI unit: C/m2). * If Remanent displacement is selected, the default is to take the Relative permittivity (er) values From material.  If User defined is selected, select Isotropic, Diagonal, Symmetric, or Anisotropic and enter values or expressions in the field or matrix. Then enter components (3 in 3D, 2 in 2D) for the Remanent displacement Dr (SI unit: C/m2).

2. Zero Charge
The Zero Charge node adds the condition that there is zero charge on the boundary so that n.D = 0. This boundary condition is also applicable at symmetry boundaries where the potential is known to be symmetric with respect to the boundary. This is the default boundary condition at exterior boundaries. At interior boundaries, it means that no displacement field can penetrate the boundary and that the electric potential is discontinuous across the boundary.

BOUNDARY. or points) where you want to apply an electric potential as the boundary condition. Because you are solving for the electric potential in this interface. EDGE. ELECTRIC POTENTIAL Enter the value or expression for the Electric potential V0 (SI unit: V). PAIR SELECTION If Electric Potential is selected from the Pairs submenu. DOMAIN SELECTION Select the domains where you want to define an initial value. OR POINT SELECTION . This boundary condition is also applicable at symmetry boundaries where the potential is known to be antisymmetric with respect to the boundary. OR POINT SELECTION Select the geometric entity (boundaries. EDGE. also select additional Electric Potential features from the Edges (3D models) or Points (2D and 3D models) submenus. Initial Values The Initial Values node adds an initial value for the electric potential V that can serve as an initial condition for a transient simulation or as an initial guess for a nonlinear solver. First an identity pair may have to be created. PAIR SELECTION If Zero Charge is selected from the Pairs submenu. BOUNDARY. select the boundary pair where you want to define this feature. edges. you typically define the value of the potential at some part of the geometry. First an identity pair may have to be created. Ground The Ground node is the default boundary condition and implements ground as the boundary condition V = 0. The default value is 0 V. 5. 3. INITIAL VALUES Enter a value or expression for the initial value of the Electric potential V. Note: Beware that constraining the potential on edges or points in 3D or on points in 2D usually yields a current outflow that is mesh dependent.BOUNDARY SELECTION Select the boundaries where you want to apply a zero charge condition. Ground means that there is a zero potential on the boundary. select the boundary pair where you want to define this feature. 4. Electric Potential The Electric Potential node provides an electric potential V0 as the boundary condition V = V 0. For some interfaces.

Dielectric Shielding The Dielectric Shielding node provides a dielectric shielding boundary condition. select the Use weak constraints check box. First an identity pair may have to be created. PAIR SELECTION If Ground is selected from the Pairs submenu. BOUNDARY OR EDGE SELECTION Select the boundaries or edges (3D models) where you want to apply a dielectric shielding as the condition. If required. select the boundary pair where you want to define this feature. ELECTRIC FIELD .D = − t . COORDINATE SYSTEM SELECTION The Global coordinate system is selected by default. click the Show button ( ) and select Advanced Physics Interface Options. which appears on the right-hand side of the equation that the Electrostatics interface defines. It describes a thin layer with thickness ds and a bulk relative permittivity. PAIR SELECTION If Dielectric Shielding is selected from the Pairs submenu. 7. 6. also select additional Ground features from the Edges (3D models) or Points (2D and 3D models) submenus. edges. SPACE CHARGE DENSITY Enter a value or expression for the Space charge density ρ (SI unit: C/m3). Select a Constraint type—Bidirectional. CONSTRAINT SETTINGS To display this section. See Show Advanced Physics Interface Options in the COMSOL Multiphysics User’s Guide. select the boundary pair where you want to define this feature. εrs that shields the electric field: n. Space Charge Density The Space Charge Density node adds a space charge density ρ. The Coordinate system list contains any additional coordinate systems that the model includes.Select the geometric entity (boundaries.ε0 εrs d s ∇V ∇ t You can use this boundary condition when approximating a thin domain with a boundary to reduce the number of mesh elements. symmetric or Unidirectional. DOMAIN SELECTION Select the domains where you want to define a current source. For some interfaces. Note: Beware that constraining the potential on edges or points in 3D or on points in 2D usually yields a current outflow that is mesh dependent. First an identity pair may have to be created. or points) where you want to apply a ground (zero potential) boundary condition.

BOUNDARY SELECTION Select the boundaries that you want to model as terminals connected to external circuits or an external charge or voltage.  If User defined is selected. enter the same name in the Terminal name field. Displacement Field The Displacement Field node provides the following electric-displacement boundary condition: It specifies the normal component of the electric displacement field at a boundary. . Select a Terminal type—Voltage. Symmetric. The Coordinate system list contains any additional coordinate systems that the model includes. Diagonal. Charge. COORDINATE SYSTEM SELECTION The Global coordinate system is selected by default.The default is to take the Relative permittivity εr (unitless) values From material. THIN LAYER Enter a Surface thickness ds of the shielding (SI unit: m). or Circuit. select Isotropic. To indicate which boundaries that belong to the same terminal. Terminal The Terminal node provides a boundary condition for connection to external circuits or with a specified voltage or charge. PAIR SELECTION If Displacement Field is selected from the Pairs submenu. • Circuit to specify a terminal connected to an external circuit. a floating potential condition is obtained. 9. • Charge to enter a charge Q0 (SI unit: C). select the boundary pair where you want to define this feature. First an identity pair may have to be created. The Terminal name should be numeric for port sweeps to work properly. select the boundary pair where you want to define this feature. Select: • Voltage to enter an electric potential V0 (SI unit: V). 8. TERMINAL Specify the terminal’s properties. The default is zero charge for an electrode at floating potential. DISPLACEMENT FIELD Enter the coordinates of the Boundary displacement field D0 (SI unit: C/m2). PAIR SELECTION If Terminal is selected from the Pairs submenu. or Anisotropic and enter values or expressions in the field or matrix. First an identity pair may have to be created. By specifying zero charge. BOUNDARY SELECTION Select the boundaries where you want to use the normal component of the displacement field as the boundary condition.

The indices 1 and 2 refer to the two sides of the boundary. Surface thickness ds (SI unit: m). . 11. THIN LOW PERMITTIVITY GAP Enter a Thickness d (SI unit: m). PAIR SELECTION If Distributed Capacitance is selected from the Pairs submenu. BOUNDARY SELECTION Select the boundaries where you want to apply a distributed capacitance. BOUNDARY SELECTION Select the boundaries where you want to apply a thin low permittivity gap condition. The layer has the thickness dL and the relative permittivity εrL. The sheet has the relative permittivity εrL and the surface thickness dL. First an identity pair may have to be created. select the boundary pair where you want to define this feature.  Select User defined to enter a different value or expression.10. and it is connected to the reference potential Vref. Thin Low Permittivity Gap Use the Thin Low Permittivity Gap condition to model a thin gap of a material with a small permittivity compared to the adjacent domains. Distributed Capacitance The Distributed Capacitance node adds a distributed capacitance boundary condition according to the following equations for exterior boundaries (left) and interior boundaries (right): You can use this boundary condition to model a thin sheet or film of a dielectric material. The default is to take the Relative permittivity (er) values From material. DISTRIBUTED CAPACITANCE Enter the values or expressions for Relative permittivity er. The default value for the surface thickness is 10−3 m (1 mm). and Reference potential Vref (SI unit: V).

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->