DEAN #37261

(McGHP)

RIGHT

INTERACTIVE

4.41

PROPERTIES OF ATOMS, RADICALS, AND BONDS

top of rh
base of rh
cap height
base of text

TABLE 4.11 Bond Dissociation Energies
The bond dissociation energy (enthalpy change) for a bond A 9 B which is broken through the reaction
AB : A ⫹ B
is defined as the standard-state enthalpy change for the reaction at a specified temperature, here at 298 K.
That is,
⌬Hf298 ⫽ ⌬Hf298(A) ⫹ ⌬Hf298(B) ⫺ ⌬Hf298(AB)
All values refer to the gaseous state and are given at 298 K. Values of 0 K are obtained by subtracting 3⁄2RT
from the value at 298 K.
To convert the tabulated values to kcal/mol, divide by 4.184.
⌬Hf298 ,
kJ/mol

Bond
Aluminum
Al 9 Al
Al 9 As
Al 9 Au
Al 9 Br
Al 9 C
Al 9 Cl
AlCl 9 Cl
AlCl 2 9 Cl
AlO 9 Cl
Al 9 Cu
Al 9 D
Al 9 F
AlF 9 F
AlF2 9 F
AlO 9 F
Al 9 H
Al 9 I
Al 9 Li
Al 9 N
Al 9 O
AlCl 9 O
AlF 9 O
Al 9 P
Al 9 Pd
Al 9 S
Al 9 Se
Al 9 Si
Al 9 Te
Al 9 U

Antimony (continued)
186(9)
180
326(6)
439(8)
255
494(13)
402(8)
372(8)
515(84)
216(10)
291
664(6)
546(42)
544(46)
761(42)
285(6)
368(4)
176(15)
297(96)
512(4)
540(41)
582
213(13)
259(12)
374(8)
334(10)
251(3)
268(10)
326(29)

Antimony
Sb 9 Sb
Sb 9 Br
Sb 9 Cl
Sb 9 F
Sb 9 N

⌬Hf298 ,
kJ/mol

Bond

299(6)
314(59)
360(50)
439(96)
301(50)

Sb 9 O
Sb 9 P
Sb 9 S
Sb 9 Te

372(84)
357
379
277.4(38)
Arsenic

As 9 As
As 9 Cl
As 9 Ga
As 9 H
As 9 N
As 9 O
As 9 P
As 9 S
As 9 Se
As 9 Tl

382(11)
448
209.6(12)
272(12)
582(126)
481(8)
534(13)
(478)
96
198(15)
Astatine

At 9 At

(115.9)
Barium

Ba 9 Br
Ba 9 Cl
Ba 9 F
Ba 9 I
Ba 9 O
Ba 9 OH
Ba 9 S

370(8)
444(13)
487(7)
⬎431(4)
563(42)
477(42)
400(19)
Beryllium

Be 9 Be
Be 9 Br
Be 9 Cl

59
381(84)
388(9)

short
standard
long

84(4) 381 268 233.870(4) 280(21) 284(8) 255(13) 259(17) 209(13) 218(13) 285(13) 287.1(4) Cadmium Cd 9 Cd Cd 9 Br Cd 9 Cl Cd 9 F Cd 9 H Cd 9 I Cd 9 In Cd 9 O Cd 9 S Cd 9 Se 11.8(2) 276(21) 222 120.11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 . kJ/mol Bond Beryllium (continued) BeCl 9 Cl Be 9 F Be 9 H Be 9 O Be 9 S Bromine 540(63) 577(42) 226(21) 448(21) 372(59) Bismuth Bi 9 Bi Bi 9 Br Bi 9 Cl Bi 9 D Bi 9 F Bi 9 Ga Bi 9 H Bi 9 O Bi 9 P Bi 9 Pb Bi 9 S Bi 9 Sb Bi 9 Se Bi 9 Te Bi 9 Tl 197(4) 267(4) 305(8) 284 259(29) 159(17) 279 343(6) 280(13) 142(15) 316(5) 251(4) 280(6) 232(11) 121(13) Boron B9B H 3 B 9 BH 3 OB 9 BO B 9 Br B9C B 9 Cl BO 9 Cl B9D B9F BF 9 F BF2 9 F B9H B9I B9N B9O BCl 9 O B9P B9S B 9 Se B 9 Si B 9 Te ⌬Hf298 .4(63) 278.2(63) 289 218.98(46) 321(23) 398(13) 527(21) 167.1(63) 235. kJ/mol Bond 297(21) 146 506(84) 435(21) 448(29) 536(29) 460(42) 341(6) 766(13) 523(63) 557(84) 330(4) 384(21) 389(21) 806(5) 715(41) 347(17) 581(9) 462(15) 289(29) 354(20) Br 9 Br Br 9 C Br 9 CH 3 Br 9 CH 2 Br Br 9 CHBr2 Br 9 CBr3 Br 9 CCl 3 Br 9 CF3 Br 9 CF2CF3 Br 9 CF2CF2CF3 Br 9 CHF2 Br 9 Cl Br 9 CN Br 9 CO 9 C6 H 5 Br 9 F Br 9 N Br 9 NF2 Br 9 NO Br 9 O 193.DEAN #37261 LEFT (McGHP) 4.0(4) 138(21) 138 142(42) 196 310 Calcium Ca 9 Ca Ca 9 Br Ca 9 Cl Ca 9 F Ca 9 H Ca 9 I Ca 9 O Ca 9 S 14.7(34) 305(21) 69.3(8) 159(96) 206.42 INTERACTIVE top of rh base of rh SECTION 4 cap height base of text TABLE 4.8 285(63) 464(84) 314(19) Carbon C9C H 3C 9 CH 3 607(21) 368 short standard long .

0 157 CF3 9 (N " NCF3 ) H 2C " NH HC # N CH 3 9 NO C2 H 5 9 NO C3 H 7 9 NO (CH3 )2CH 9 NO n-C4 H 9 9 NO C6 H 5 9 NO Cl 3C 9 NO F3C 9 NO C6 F5 9 NO NC 9 NO CH 3 9 NO2 C2 H 5 9 NO2 C9O CH 3 9 OCH 3 CH 3 9 OC6 H 5 CH 3 9 OCH 2C6 H 5 C2 H 5 9 OC6 H 5 C6 H 5CH 2 9 OCOCH 3 C6 H 5CH 2 9 OCOC6 H 5 CH 3CO 9 OCH 3 CH 3 9 OSOCH 3 CH 2 " CHCH 2 9 OSOCH 3 C6 H 5CH 2 9 OSOCH 3 C"O H 2C " O OC " O SC " O C#O C9P C9S CH 3 9 SH CH 3 9 SC6 H 5 CH 3 9 SCH 2C6 H 5 OC 9 S C 9 Se 231.4 582(96) Cerium Ce 9 Ce Ce 9 F Ce 9 N Ce 9 O Ce 9 S Ce 9 Se Ce 9 Te 243(21) 582(42) 519(21) 795(13) 573(13) 495(15) 389(42) short standard long .7 209.2 182. RADICALS.43 PROPERTIES OF ATOMS.8(75) 171.5 397(29) 536(21) 337.11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) Bond ⌬Hf298 .8 280(8) 277.5(42) 134 130 211.2(4) 628 1075 513(8) 699(8) 305(13) 285(8) 247(8) 310.5(54) 215.2(8) 209(21) 770(4) 272(13) 331(13) 301(4) 285 272 289(4) 255(4) 219.7 308.7(54) 167.8 273.DEAN #37261 (McGHP) RIGHT INTERACTIVE 4.0 644(21) 937 174.5(4) 335 381 280 213 285 289 406 280 209 222 749 732 532.4 389 301 63 301 121 490 418 628 682 962 506(21) 305(8) 331(8) 251 321.9 248.8(71) 603(21) 418 423.9(38) 175. kJ/mol ⌬Hf298 .6 284. kJ/mol Bond Carbon (continued) (CH 3 )2C 9 CH 3 (CH 3 )2C 9 C(CH 3 )2 CH 3 9 C6 H 5 CH 3 9 CH 2C6H 5 (CH 3 )3C 9 C(C6 H 5 )3 CH 3 9 allyl CH 3 9 vinyl CH 3 9 C # CH CH 2 " CH 9 CH " CH 2 HC # C 9 C # CH H 2C " CH 2 HC # CH CH 3 9 CN CH 3 9 CH 2CN CH 3 9 CH(CH 3 )CN CH 3 9 C(C6 H 5 )CN(CH 3 ) CH 3CH 2 9 CH 2CN NC 9 CN C6 H 5 9 C6 H 5 CH 3 9 CF3 CH 2 F 9 CH 2 F CF3 9 CF3 CF2 " CF2 CF3 9 CN CH 3 9 CHO CH 3 9 CO CH 3CO 9 CF3 CH 3CO 9 COCH 3 C6 H 5CO 9 COC6H 5 Aryl 9 CH 2COCH 2 9 aryl C6 H 5CH 2 9 COOH (C6 H 5CH 2)2CH 9 COOH C 9 Cl C9F C9H C9I C9N CF3 9 NF2 CH 3 9 NH 2 C6 H 5CH 2 9 NH 2 CH 3 9 NHC6H 5 CH 3 9 N(CH 3 )C6 H 5 C6H 5CH 2 9 NHCH 3 C6H 5CH 2 9 N(CH 3 )2 CH 3 9 (N " NCH 3 ) C2 H 5 9 (N " NC2 H 5) (CH 3 )3C 9 N " NC(CH 3 )3 Aryl 9 CH 2N " NCH 2 9 aryl top of rh base of rh Carbon (continued) 335 282.3(42) 121(13) 247(13) 259 1076.5(42) 215. AND BONDS cap height base of text TABLE 4.4(46) 368(8) 406(13) 318(13) 501 314 342.

5(42) 439(21) 514(8) 178.580(16) 338(42) 339(21) 213 328.4 310(13) 393 143.DEAN #37261 LEFT (McGHP) 4. kJ/mol Bond 155(21) 328(24) 366(24) Cr 9 Cu Cr 9 F Cr 9 Ge Cr 9 H Cr 9 I Cr 9 N Cr 9 O OCr 9 O O2Cr 9 O Cr 9 S 155(21) 437(20) 170(29) 280(50) 287(24) 378(19) 427(29) 531(63) 477(84) 339(21) Cobalt Co 9 Co Co 9 Br Co 9 Cl Co 9 Cu Co 9 F Co 9 Ge Co 9 I Co 9 O Co 9 S 167(25) 331(42) 398(8) 162(17) 435(63) 239(25) 235(81) 368(21) 343(21) Copper Cu 9 Cu Cu 9 Br Cu 9 Cl Cu 9 F Cu 9 Ga Cu 9 Ge Cu 9 H Cu 9 I Cu 9 Ni Cu 9 O Cu 9 S Cu 9 Se Cu 9 Sn Cu 9 Te 202(4) 331(25) 383(21) 431(13) 216(15) 209(21) 280(8) 197(21) 206(17) 343(63) 285(17) 293(38) 177(17) 176(38) Curium Cm 9 O 736 Dysprosium Dy 9 F Dy 9 O Dy 9 Se Dy 9 Te 527(21) 611(42) 322(42) 234(42) short standard long .1(38) 339(4) 297(25) 385(13) Chlorine Cl 9 Cl Cl 9 C Cl 9 CH 3 Cl 9 CH⫹3 Cl 9 C(CH 3 )3 Cl 9 CH 2Cl Cl 9 CCl 3 Cl 9 CF3 Cl 9 CCl 2 F Cl 9 CClF2 Cl 9 CF2CF2 Cl 9 CH " CH 2 Cl 9 CN Cl 9 COCl Cl 9 COCH 3 Cl 9 COC6 H 5 Cl 9 Cl⫹ Cl 9 ClO O3Cl 9 ClO4 Cl 9 F O3Cl 9 F Cl 9 N Cl 9 NCl Cl 9 NCl 2 Cl 9 NF2 Cl 9 NH 2 Cl 9 NO Cl 9 NO2 Cl 9 O OCl 9 O O2Cl 9 O Cl 9 P Cl 9 SiCl 3 242.44 INTERACTIVE top of rh base of rh SECTION 4 cap height base of text TABLE 4.11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 .3(42) 243 250. kJ/mol Bond Cesium Cs 9 Cs Cs 9 Br Cs 9 Cl Cs 9 F Cs 9 H Cs 9 I Cs 9 O Cs 9 OH Chromium (continued) 41.4 310(13) 293(21) 360(33) 305(8) 318(8) 346.75(93) 397.0(71) 351 439 328 349. 134 251(25) 159(6) 142(4) 272(4) 243(13) 201(4) 289(42) 464 Chromium Cr 9 Cr Cr 9 Br Cr 9 Cl ⌬Hf298 .54(8) 255 389(50) 280 381 ca.

45 PROPERTIES OF ATOMS. kJ/mol Bond Erbium Er 9 F Er 9 O Er 9 S Er 9 Se Er 9 Te top of rh base of rh Gallium (continued) 565(17) 611(13) 418(42) 326(42) 239(42) Ga 9 O Ga 9 P Ga 9 Sb Ga 9 Te 285(63) 230(13) 209(13) 251(25) Germanium Europium Eu 9 Eu Eu 9 Cl Eu 9 F Eu 9 O Eu 9 S Eu 9 Se Eu 9 Te 33. RADICALS.8(4) 485(21) 321. AND BONDS cap height base of text TABLE 4.6(42) 197(25) Gadolinium Gd 9 F Gd 9 O Gd 9 S Gd 9 Se 590(27) 716(17) 525(15) 431(15) Gallium Ga 9 Ga Ga 9 Br (CH 3 )3Ga 9 CH 3 Ga 9 Cl Ga 9 F Ga 9 H Ga 9 I 138(21) 444(17) 253 481(13) 577(15) ⬍274 339(10) Ge 9 Ge Ge 9 Br Ge 9 Cl Ge 9 F Ge 9 H Ge 9 O Ge 9 S Ge 9 Se Ge 9 Si Ge 9 Te 274(21) 255(29) 431.0(25) 490(21) 301(21) 402(8) Gold Au 9 Au Au 9 B Au 9 Be Au 9 Bi Au 9 Cl Au 9 Co Au 9 Cr Au 9 Cu Au 9 Fe Au 9 Ga Au 9 Ge Au 9 H Au 9 La Au 9 Li Au 9 Mg Au 9 Mn Au 9 Ni Au 9 Pb Au 9 Pd Au 9 Rh Au 9 S Au 9 Si Au 9 Sn Au 9 Te Au 9 U 221.9(96) ⬎251 452(21) 439 485 444(21) 460(25) 490(25) 523(17) 498 272(13) 81.3(21) 368(11) 285(8) 293(84) 343(10) 215(13) 215(6) 232(9) 187(17) 294(15) 277(15) 314(10) 80(5) 68.11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 . 326 528(18) 557(13) 364(15) 301(15) 243(15) Fluorine F9F F 9 F⫹ F 9 CH 3 F 9 C(CH 3 )3 F 9 C6 H 5 F 9 CCl 3 F 9 CCl 2 F F 9 CClF2 F 9 CF3 F 9 COCH 3 F 9 FO F 9 FO2 F9N F 9 NF F 9 NF2 F 9 NO F 9 NO2 156. kJ/mol Bond ⌬Hf298 .0 301(42) 318(25) 243(8) 235.3(8) 662(13) 551.0(16) 243(42) 185(13) 274(21) 130(42) 143(21) 231(29) 418(25) 312(12) 244(17) 247(67) 318(29) Hafnium Hf 9 C Hf 9 N Hf 9 O 548(63) 534(29) 791(8) short standard long .DEAN #37261 (McGHP) RIGHT INTERACTIVE 4.5(165) ca.

11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 .4 397(13) 360 397(4) 381 H9 339(4) CH " CH2 335(4) H 9 CH CH " CH2 H 9 CH2 CH3 414(4) C CH3 H 9 CHCl2 H 9 CCl 3 H 9 CBr3 H 9 CCl2CHCl2 H 9 CH 2 F H 9 CHF2 H 9 CF3 H 9 CF2Cl H 9 CH 2CF3 H 9 CF2CH 3 H 9 CF2CF3 H 9 CH 2I H 9 CHI 2 H 9 CN H 9 CH 2CN H 9 CH(CH 3 )CN H 9 C(CH 3 )2CN H 9 CH 2 NH 2 H 9 CH 2Si(CH 3 )3 H 9 CH 2COCH 3 H 9 Cl H 9 CO H 9 CHO H 9 COOH H 9 COCH 3 H 9 COCH 2CH 3 H9 343(4) H9 ⌬Hf298 .0 439(4) 368(25) 327. 389 377(8) 364(8) 397(8) 414(4) 393(75) 431.DEAN #37261 LEFT (McGHP) 4. kJ/mol Bond Hydrogen Hydrogen (continued) H9H H 9 2 H or H 9 D 2 H 9 2 H or D 9 D H 9 Br H9C H 9 CH H 9 CH 2 H 9 CH 3 2 H 9 C2 H 3 or D 9 CD3 H 9 C # CH H 9 CH " CH 2 H 9 CH 2CH 3 H 9 CH 2C # CH H 9 CH 2CH " CH 2 H 9 cyclopropyl H 9 CH 2CH 2CH 3 H 9 CH(CH 3 )2 H 9 cyclobutyl H 9 CH 2CH(CH 3 )2 H 9 CH(CH 3 )CH 2CH 3 H 9 C(CH 3 )3 436.0(42) 406(13) 410(25) 435 423 O H 9 COC6 H 5 H 9 COCF3 H9F H9I H9N H 9 NH H 9 NH 2 H 9 NHCH 3 H 9 N(CH 3 )2 H 9 NHC6 H 5 H 9 N(CH 3 )C6 H 5 HNF2 H 9 N3 H 9 NO H9O H 9 OH H 9 OCH 3 H 9 OCH 2CH 3 H 9 OC(CH 3 )3 H 9 OC6 H 5 H 9 ONO 414.46 INTERACTIVE top of rh base of rh SECTION 4 cap height base of text TABLE 4.002(4) 439.9(50) 356 423(13) 410(8) 395.75(25) 523(4) 427 410(4) 392.2 377(8) 377(8) 393(8) 423(8) 423(8) 444(13) 435(4) 446(45) 416(4) 431(63) 431(8) 431(8) 540(25) ca.2(8) 452(33) 473(4) 431(8) 442.546(4) 365.6(42) 387.6(25) short standard long . kJ/mol Bond CH3 H 9 C(CH 3 )2CH " CH 2 H 9 cyclopentyl H 9 CH 2C(CH 3 )3 H 9 C6 H 5 H 9 CH 2C6 H 5 H 9 C(C6 H 5 )3 331 395(42) 418(4) 431 356(4) 314 H9 310 H 9 cyclohexyl H 9 cycloheptyl H 9 norbornyl H 9 CH 2Br H 9 CHBr2 H 9 CH 2Cl 399.7(8) 314(17) 377(8) 435(8) 431(8) 397(8) 335(13) 310(13) 318(13) 356 ⬍205 428.6(13) 298.8(42) 436.7(21) 337.7(8) 436.0(21) 498.446(4) 443.8(4) 126(8) 364(4) 377 364(4) 364(4) 385 364(4) 381(8) 568.

3(4) 219.4(25) 374(8) 469(17) 460(17) 431(17) 343(29) 344(12) 381(4) ca.DEAN #37261 (McGHP) RIGHT INTERACTIVE 4.9(85) 289(17) 152(11) 247(17) 218(17) Iodine I9I I 9 Br I 9 CH 3 I 9 C2 H 5 I 9 CH(CH 3 )2 I 9 C(CH 3 )3 I 9 CH 2CF3 I 9 CF2CH 3 I 9 C3 F7 I 9 CH " CHCH 3 I 9 C6 H 5 I 9 C6 F5 I 9 Cl I 9 COCH 3 I 9 CN I9F I9N I 9 NO I 9 NO2 I9O Ir 9 O Ir 9 Si 352(21) 463(21) Iron Fe 9 Fe Fe 9 Br Fe 9 Cl Fe 9 O Fe 9 S Fe 9 Si 100(21) 247(96) ca.0(17) 303(4) 251(13) Lithium Li 9 Li Li 9 Br Li 9 Cl Li 9 F Li 9 H Li 9 I Li 9 Na Li 9 O Li 9 OH 106(4) 423(21) 469(13) 577(21) 247 352(13) 88 341(6) 427(21) short standard long . kJ/mol Bond Hydrogen (continued) H 9 ONO2 H 9 OOH H 9 OOCCH 3 H 9 OOCCH 2CH 3 H 9 OOCC3 H 7 H9P H9S H 9 SH H 9 SCH 3 H 9 Se H 9 Si H 9 SiH 3 H 9 Si(CH 3 )3 H 9 Te top of rh base of rh 152. RADICALS.1(4) 232(13) 223.11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 .549(8) 179.47 PROPERTIES OF ATOMS.7 305(4) 280(4) 159(17) 71(4) 75(4) 184(21) 5. AND BONDS cap height base of text TABLE 4. 352 409(13) 339(21) 297(25) Krypton Kr 9 Kr Kr 9 F Indium In 9 In In 9 Br In 9 Cl In 9 F In 9 O In 9 P In 9 S In 9 Sb In 9 Se In 9 Te ⌬Hf298 . 368 305(2) 298.8 222 207.49(46) 393(13) 377(13) 268(2) 100(8) 418(21) 439(8) 506(15) 360(21) 197.4(8) 54 Lanthanum La 9 La La 9 C La 9 F La 9 N La 9 O La 9 S 247(21) 506(63) 598(42) 519(42) 799(13) 577(25) Lead Pb 9 Pb Pb 9 Br Pb(CH 3 )3 9 CH 3 Pb 9 Cl Pb 9 F Pb 9 H Pb 9 I Pb 9 O Pb 9 S Pb 9 Se Pb 9 Te 339(25) 247(38) 207(42) 301(29) 356(8) 176(21) 197(38) 378(4) 346.1 234(4) 216(4) 209(4) 172 268(4) 276 213. kJ/mol Bond Iridium 423.

DEAN #37261 LEFT (McGHP) 4. kJ/mol Bond Lutetium Lu 9 Lu Lu 9 F Lu 9 O Lu 9 S Lu 9 Te ⌬Hf298 .7(15) 389(50) 159(6) 142(4) 301(42) 318(21) 243(8) 236(4) 188(21) short standard long .8(42) 240.11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 .1 170. 285 394(35) 238(21) 310(75) 42(29) 314(10) 361(10) 423(15) 283(10) 159(17) 402(34) 301(17) 201(13) Mercury Hg 9 Hg Hg 9 Br CH 3 9 HgCH 3 C2 H 5 9 HgC2 H 5 C3 H 7 9 HgC3 H 7 Isopropyl 9 Hgisopropyl C6 H 5 9 HgC6 H 5 Hg 9 Cl Hg 9 F Hg 9 H Hg 9 I Hg 9 K Hg 9 Na Hg 9 S Hg 9 Se Hg 9 Te 545(13) 703(34) 474(15) 385(17) 305(17) Neon Ne 9 Ne 3.6(38) 360(21) 318(17) Niobium Nb 9 O 753(13) Nitrogen N9N N 9 Br ON 9 Br N 9 Cl ON 9 Cl O2 N 9 Cl N9F FN 9 F F2 F 9 N ON 9 F O2 N 9 F 945.7 213 (167) (142) 720(29) Nickel Ni 9 Ni Ni 9 Br Ni 9 Cl Ni 9 F Ni 9 H Ni 9 I Ni 9 O Ni 9 S Ni 9 Si 261.8 38 8. kJ/mol Bond Molybdenum 142(34) 569(42) 695(13) 507(15) 326(17) Mo 9 I Mo 9 O MoO 9 O MoO2 9 O 372 607(34) 678(84) 565(84) Neodymium Magnesium Mg 9 Mg Mg 9 Br Mg 9 Cl Mg 9 F MgF 9 F Mg 9 H Mg 9 I Mg 9 O Mg 9 OH Mg 9 S 8.33(59) 276(21) 28.9(25) 360(13) 372(21) 435 289(13) 293(21) 391.48 INTERACTIVE top of rh base of rh SECTION 4 cap height base of text TABLE 4.6 182.24(21) ⬎6.3 285 100(8) 130(38) 39.522(4) 297(63) 318(13) 462(21) 569(42) 197(50) ca.8(42) 197.2(21) 72.93 Neptunium Np 9 O Manganese Mn 9 Mn Mn 9 Br Mn 9 Cl Mn 9 F Mn 9 I Mn 9 Cu Mn 9 O Mn 9 S Mn 9 Se Nd 9 F Nd 9 O Nd 9 S Nd 9 Se Nd 9 Te 17.

RADICALS.3(21) 456(42) 946 630.5 513(8) 289(42) 439(96) 343(29) 617(21) 596.DEAN #37261 (McGHP) RIGHT INTERACTIVE 4.57(13) 209 192(8) 213.8(8) 57.6 498(21) 510(21) 544(21) 346.8(21) 268(4) 192 157.5(25) 183(15) 331(13) 63. kJ/mol Bond Oxygen (continued) 159(17) 88(4) 297(8) 271 264 213 38 480.5(46) short standard long .3(42) 383(8) 427(8) 497.7(42) 39.3(8) C2 H 5O 9 OC2 H 5 C3 H 7O 9 OC3 H 7 159 155 Palladium Pd 9 O 234(29) Phosphorus P9P P 9 Br P9C P 9 Cl P9F P9H P9N P9O Br3 P " O Cl 3 P " O F3 P " O P9S P"S P 9 Se P 9 Te 490(11) 266.0(17) 347 363(10) 298(10) Platinum Pt 9 B Pt 9 H Pt 9 O Pt 9 P Pt 9 Si 478(17) 352(38) 347(34) 417(17) 501(18) Potassium K9K K 9 Br K 9 Cl K9F K9H K9I K 9 Na K9O K 9 OH 57. kJ/mol Bond Nitrogen (continued) N9I F2 N 9 NF2 H 2 N 9 NH 2 H 2 N 9 NHCH 3 H 2N 9 N(CH 3 )2 H 2N 9 NHC6 H 5 HN 9 N2 ON 9 N ON 9 NO2 O2 N 9 NO2 HN " NH N#N N9O HN " O NN 9 O ON 9 O N9P N9S top of rh base of rh 498.6(29) 239(34) 343(8) Praseodymium Pr 9 F Pr 9 O Pr 9 S 582(46) 753(17) 492.57(13) 481 167 305 617(21) 464(21) Osmium O3Os 9 O 301(21) Oxygen O9O O 9 Br HO 9 CH 3 HO 9 CH " CH 2 HO 9 CH 2CH " CH 2 HO 9 C6 H 5 HO 9 CH 2C6 H 5 HO 9 CHO HO 9 COCH 3 HO 9 COC2 H 5 O 9 Cl HO 9 Cl O9F O 9 FO FO 9 OF O9I HO 9 I O9N HO 9 NCH 3 HO 9 OC(CH 3 )3 HO 9 OH O 9 OH CF3O 9 OCF3 CH 3O 9 OCH 3 ⌬Hf298 .34(20) 235.1(4) 377(13) 364 456 431 322 402(13) 452(21) 180 272(4) 251(13) 222(17) 467 261(84) 184(21) 234(13) 630.11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 .49 PROPERTIES OF ATOMS. AND BONDS cap height base of text TABLE 4.

kJ/mol Bond 423(13) 531(18) 619(13) 389 331(15) 272(15) Se 9 Se Se 9 Br Se 9 C Se 9 Cl Se 9 F Se 9 H Se 9 N Se 9 O Se 9 P Se 9 S Se 9 Si Se 9 Te 332.49(46) 339(84) 439(38) 798(8) 619(13) 531(25) 339(17) 339 368(31) 506(38) Silver Ag 9 Ag Ag 9 Au Ag 9 Bi 163(8) 203(9) 193(42) short standard long .11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 . kJ/mol Bond Praseodymium (continued) Pr 9 Se Pr 9 Te 446(23) 326(42) Promethium Pm 9 F Pm 9 O Pm 9 S Pm 9 Se Pm 9 Te 540(42) 674(63) 423(63) 339(63) 255(63) Scandium Sc 9 Sc Sc 9 Br Sc 9 C Sc 9 Cl Sc 9 F Sc 9 N Sc 9 O Sc 9 S Sc 9 Se Sc 9 Te Radium Ra 9 Cl Rhodium 285(21) 476(21) 583.50 INTERACTIVE top of rh base of rh SECTION 4 cap height base of text TABLE 4.7(63) 377(63) 395(18) 391(15) Rubidium Rb 9 Rb Rb 9 Br Rb 9 Cl Rb 9 F Rb 9 H Rb 9 I Rb 9 O Rb 9 OH 45.6(21) 389(13) 448(21) 494(21) 167(21) 335(13) 255(84) 351(8) Ruthenium Ru 9 O O3 Ru 9 O Ru 9 Si Ru 9 Th 481(63) 439 397(21) 592(42) Samarium Sm 9 Cl Sm 9 F Sm 9 O Sm 9 S Sm 9 Se Sm 9 Te 163(21) 444(63) 393(63) 318 589(13) 469(84) 674(13) 478(13) 385(17) 289(17) Selenium 343(75) Rh 9 Rh Rh 9 B Rh 9 C Rh 9 O Rh 9 Si Rh 9 Ti ⌬Hf298 .6(4) 297(84) 582(96) 322 339(42) 305(2) 381(63) 423(13) 364(10) 381(21) 531(25) 268(8) Silicon Si 9 Si Si 9 Br Si 9 C Si 9 Cl Si 9 F Si 9 H Si 9 I Si 9 N Si 9 O Si 9 S Si 9 Se H 3Si 9 SiH 3 (CH 3 )3Si 9 Si(CH 3 )3 (Aryl)3Si 9 Si(aryl)3 Si 9 Te 327(10) 343(50) 435(21) 456(42) 540(13) 298.DEAN #37261 LEFT (McGHP) 4.

kJ/mol Bond Tantalum 293(29) 341.0 370(13) 410(8) 481(8) 201(21) 301(8) 63.4 176(8) 354(16) 180(15) 175(21) 226(8) 234(29) 176(17) 213(84) 136(21) 293(96) Ta 9 N Ta 9 O Te 9 B Te 9 H Te 9 I Te 9 O Te 9 P Te 9 S Te 9 Se Strontium 332(19) 406(13) 542(7) 163(8) 263(42) 454(15) 381(42) 314(21) Tb 9 F Tb 9 O Tb 9 S Tb 9 Te 561(42) 707(13) 515(42) 339(42) Thallium Tl 9 Tl Tl 9 Br Tl 9 Cl Tl 9 F Tl 9 H Tl 9 I 63 333.6(29) 257(17) 381(13) 59(4) Sr 9 Br Sr 9 Cl Sr 9 F Sr 9 H Sr 9 I Sr 9 O Sr 9 OH Sr 9 S 611(84) 805(13) Tellurium Sodium Na 9 Na Na 9 Br Na 9 Cl Na 9 F Na 9 H Na 9 I Na 9 K Na 9 O Na 9 OH Na 9 Rb ⌬Hf298 .9(17) 372.4(84) 348. AND BONDS cap height base of text TABLE 4.70(13) 551. RADICALS.51 PROPERTIES OF ATOMS.11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 . kJ/mol Bond Silver (continued) Ag 9 Br Ag 9 Cl Ag 9 Cu Ag 9 F Ag 9 Ga Ag 9 Ge Ag 9 H Ag 9 I Ag 9 In Ag 9 O Ag 9 Sn Ag 9 Te top of rh base of rh 429(6) 255 343(5) 71 464(21) 521.4(21) 854(13) 377 Thullium Sulfur S9S S 9 Cl S9F O2S 9 F S9N S9O OS 9 O O2S 9 O HS 9 SH 354(20) 268(2) 193(42) 391(8) 298(10) 339(21) 268(8) Terbium 77.DEAN #37261 (McGHP) RIGHT INTERACTIVE 4.1(42) 272(21) Tm 9 F Tm 9 O Tm 9 S Tm 9 Se Tm 9 Te 569(42) 557(13) 368(42) 276(42) 276(42) Tin Sn 9 Sn Sn 9 Br 195(17) 339(4) short standard long .8(21) 445(19) 188(8) 272(8) Thorium Th 9 Th Th 9 C Th 9 N Th 9 O Th 9 P 289 484(25) 577.

0(4) 36.3(59) 319. 238 406(13) 467(13) 267(17) 234(42) 548(21) 464(3) 401.1(30) 528(11) 435(13) 339(13) Zinc Zn 9 Zn Zn 9 Br C2 H 5C 9 C2 H 5 Zn 9 Cl Zn 9 F Zn 9 H Zn 9 I Zn 9 O Zn 9 S Zn 9 Se Zn 9 Te 29 142(29) ca. 159 310(42) 464 662(16) 426(8) 381(42) 289(17) Tungsten W 9 Cl W9F W9O OW 9 O O2W 9 O W9P 423(42) 548(63) 653(25) 632(84) 598(42) 305(4) Uranium U9O OU 9 O O2 U 9 O U9S 761(17) 678(59) 644(88) 523(10) Vanadium V9V V 9 Br V9C 242(21) 439(42) 469(63) Yb 9 Cl Yb 9 F Yb 9 H Yb 9 O Yb 9 S 322 521(10) 159(38) 397.52 INTERACTIVE top of rh base of rh SECTION 4 cap height base of text TABLE 4.2(8) V 9 Cl V9F V9N V9O V9S V 9 Se 477(63) 590(63) 477(8) 644(21) 490(16) 347(21) Xenon Xe 9 Xe Xe 9 F Xe 9 O 6.11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 .1 205(13) 136(13) 205 short standard long .4 Titanium Ytterbium Ti 9 Ti Ti 9 Br Ti 9 C Ti 9 Cl Ti 9 F Ti 9 H Ti 9 I Ti 9 N Ti 9 O Ti 9 S Ti 9 Se Ti 9 Te 141(21) 439 435(25) 494 569(34) ca. kJ/mol Bond Tin (continued) BrSn 9 Br Br3Sn 9 Br (C2 H 5 )3Sn 9 C2 H 5 Sn 9 Cl Sn 9 F Sn 9 H Sn 9 I Sn 9 O Sn 9 S Sn 9 Se Sn 9 Te ⌬Hf298 . kJ/mol Bond Vanadium (continued) 326 272 ca.9(63) 167 Yttrium Y9Y Y 9 Br Y9C Y 9 Cl Y9F Y9N Y9O Y9S Y 9 Se Y 9 Te 159(21) 485(84) 418(63) 527(42) 605(21) 481(63) 715. 201 229(20) 368(63) 85.53(30) 13.8(21) 138(29) 284.DEAN #37261 LEFT (McGHP) 4.

Cottrell. W. kJ/mol Bond Bond Zirconium Zr 9 C Zr 9 F Zr 9 N top of rh base of rh ⌬Hf298 . Benson. Chem. L. AND BONDS 4. kJ/mol Zirconium (continued) 561(25) 623(63) 565(25) Zr 9 O Zr 9 S 760(8) 575(17) Source: T. Butterworth. short standard . London. B. J. A.DEAN #37261 (McGHP) RIGHT INTERACTIVE PROPERTIES OF ATOMS. RADICALS. Darwent. Chem. Kerr. 1958. 42:502 (1965). National Standard Reference Data Series. The Strengths of Chemical Bonds.. no. 66:465 (1966). Educ. 2d ed. 31. S. deB. Washington. National Bureau of Standards. and J. Rev.11 Bond Dissociation Energies (Continued) ⌬Hf298 .53 cap height base of text TABLE 4. 1970.

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