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CHAPTER-1

INTRODUCTION
This handy cell phone detector, pocket-size mobile transmission detector can sense the presence of an activated mobile cell phone from a short distance. So it can be used to prevent use of mobile phones in examination halls, confidential rooms, etc. It is also useful for detecting the use of mobile phone for spying and unauthorized video transmission. The circuit can detect the incoming and outgoing calls, SMS and video transmission even if the mobile phone is kept in the silent mode. It senses the radio frequency (RF) transmissions from nearby cellular or mobile phones. If required, other sources of RF transmissions can also be detected including twoway radios, and other wireless communication devices. When a transmission is detected, an alarm sequence begins that may include any combination of visual LED glows. In addition the unit can be used as a static or portable detector, and it can be used to generate remote alarms, activate other equipment (including remote indication devices) and extend alarm messages into other areas. Cellular phone technology is rapidly changing. Features like Bluetooth, USB, high resolution cameras, microphones, Internet, 802.11 wireless, and memory cards are added every year. Also, the communication technology a cellular phone uses such as CDMA, GSM, 3G, and 4G are rapidly changing. Hence there is more chance for leaking of confidential matter. In order to avoid such leakage of information cell phone detectors are used.

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1.1 Components Used In Cell Phone Detector:  ANTENNA  IC CA3130
       NE555 TIMER BC548 TRANSISTOR LED PIEZO BUZZER 12V SUPPLY RESISTORS CAPACITORS

1.2 Antenna:
The size and shape of the antenna and the way it's constructed determine the gain and directivity of the antenna. The antenna transmits and receives electromagnetic signals. When gain increases the amount of desired signal energy that can be captured Increase but the amount of environmental noise and interferences that's captured increases by the same amount. Antenna receives the radio frequency signals (RF signals) from the mobile phone. The radio frequency signals are grasped by the antenna. In the detection process we use a wire type antenna. An antenna (or aerial) is an electrical device which converts electric currents into radio waves, and vice versa. It is usually used with a radio transmitter or radio receiver. In transmission, a radio transmitter applies an oscillating radio frequency electric current to the antenna's terminals, and the antenna radiates the energy from the current as electromagnetic waves (radio waves). In reception, an antenna intercepts some of the power of an electromagnetic wave in order to produce a tiny voltage at its terminals that is applied to a receiver to be amplified. An antenna can be used for both transmitting and receiving.

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. .5V Below Negative Supply Rail • CMOS Output Stage Permits Signal Swing to Either (or both) Supply Rails • Pb-Free Plus Anneal Available (RoHS Compliant) 1.3 CA3130: CA3130A and CA3130 are op amps that combine the advantage of both CMOS and bipolar transistors. Gate-protected P-Channel MOSFET (PMOS) transistors are used in the input circuit to provide very-high-input impedance.5V below the negative-supply terminal. . Terminal provisions are also made to permit strobing of the output stage. . . . .5 x 1012Ω) (Typ) . The CA3130A offers superior input characteristics over those of the CA3130. The CA3130 Series circuits operate at supply voltages ranging from 5V to 16V. . . . very-low-input current and exceptional speed performance. . . and have terminals for adjustment of offset voltage for applications requiring offset-null capability.1 Features of CA3130: • MOSFET Input Stage Provides: . . . The use of PMOS transistors in the input stage results in common-mode input-voltage capability down to 0. Input Terminals can be Swung 0. . . .5 TΩ (1. . (±2. . . .3.Very Low II .5V to ±8V).1. is employed as the output circuit. . . .Very High ZI = 1. . . A CMOS transistor-pair. . 5pA (Typ) at 15V Operation . . They can be phase compensated with a single external capacitor. 1. an important attribute in single-supply applications. .2 Applications of CA3130: • Ground-Referenced Single Supply Amplifiers • Fast Sample-Hold Amplifiers • Long-Duration Timers/Monostables 3 . . . . capable of swinging the output voltage to within 10mV of either supply-voltage terminal (at very high values of load impedance). .3.= 2pA (Typ) at 5V Operation • Ideal for Single-Supply Applications • Common-Mode Input-Voltage Range Includes negative Supply Rail.

• High-Input-Impedance Comparators (Ideal Interface with Digital CMOS) • High-Input-Impedance Wideband Amplifiers • Voltage Followers (e.g. Follower for Single-Supply D/A Converter) • Voltage Regulators (Permits Control of Output Voltage Down to 0V) • Peak Detectors • Single-Supply Full-Wave Precision Rectifiers • Photo-Diode Sensor Amplifiers Pin Diagram of CA3130: Fig 1.1: Pin diagram of CA3130 4 .

1 Design: The IC design was proposed in 1970 by Hans R. Thus the full part numbers were NE555V. Signetics (later acquired by Philips) took over the design and production.4 IC 555 Timers: The 555 timer IC is an integrated circuit (chip) used in a variety of timer. It has been hypothesized that the 555 got its name from the three 5 kΩ resistors used within. The part is still in widespread use. low price and good stability. thanks to its ease of use. Depending on the manufacturer. the standard 555 package includes over 20 transistors. such as the 7555 and CMOS TLC555. it was estimated that 1 billion units are manufactured every year. 1. As of 2003. incorporating detailed design by Wayne Foletta and others from Qualidyne Semiconductors. Such a practice should nevertheless be avoided. and released the first 555s in 1971. the design was ported to the Monochip analogue array. −55 °C to +125 °C. and SE555T. The NE555 parts were commercial temperature range. 5 . SE555V. After prototyping. and the SE555 part number designated the military temperature range.The 7555 is designed to cause less supply glitching than the classic 555 and the manufacturer claims that it usually does not require a "control" capacitor and in many cases does not require a decoupling capacitor on the power supply.1.4. NE555T. 0 °C to +70 °C. Low-power versions of the 555 are also available.Variants available include the 556 (a 14-pin DIP combining two 555s on one chip). These were available in both high-reliability metal can (T package) and inexpensive epoxy plastic (V package) packages. and the 558 (a 16-pin DIP combining four slightly modified 555s with DIS & THR connected internally. because noise produced by the timer or variation in power supply voltage might interfere with other parts of a circuit or influence its threshold voltages. Camenzind and Jim Ball. 2 diodes and 15 resistors on a silicon chip installed in an 8-pin mini dual-in-line package (DIP-8). pulse generation and oscillator applications. but Hans Camenzind has stated that the number was arbitrary. and TR is falling edge sensitive instead of level sensitive).

2: Pin diagram of IC 555 The connection of the pins for a DIP package is as follows: Pin Name Purpose 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 GND TRIG OUT Ground. RESET A timing interval may be interrupted by driving this input to GND.Fig 1. when this input falls below 1/3 VCC. THR DIS The interval ends when the voltage at THR is greater than at CTRL. may discharge a capacitor between intervals. VCC Positive supply voltage is usually between 3 and 15 V. low level (0 V) OUT rises. V+. Open collector output. 2/3 VCC). and interval starts. This output is driven to +VCC or GND. 6 . CTRL "Control" access to the internal voltage divider (by default.

The use of a microprocessor based circuit can then convert the pulse period to temperature. frequency divider. capacitance measurement.  Bistable mode or Schmitt trigger: the 555 can operate as a flip-flop. bounce free switches. pulse generation. security alarms. logic clocks.  Astable – free running mode: the 555 can operate as an oscillator. tone generation. pulse-width modulation (PWM) and so on. linearize it and even provide calibration means. missing pulse detection. Selecting a thermistor as timing resistor allows the use of the 555 in a temperature sensor: the period of the output pulse is determined by the temperature. 1.2 Modes: The 555 has three operating modes:  Monostable mode: in this mode.4.3 Monostable Operation: Fig 1. pulse position modulation and so on. the 555 functions as a "one-shot" pulse generator. Uses include LED and lamp flashers. if the DIS pin is not connected and no capacitor is used.1. touch switches.3: Schematic of a 555 in monostable mode 7 . Uses include bounce free latched switches. Applications include timers.4.

The output pulse ends when the voltage on the capacitor equals 2/3 of the supply voltage. the voltage on C and the pulse width in monostable mode In the monostable mode. the 555 timer acts as a “one-shot” pulse generator.Fig 1. the main disadvantage is that the time span between the two triggering pulses must be greater than the RC time constant.4: Monostable Characteristics The relationships of the trigger signal. which is the time it takes to charge C to 2/3 of the supply voltage. The output pulse width of time t. which consists of a capacitor (C) and a resistor (R). The pulse begins when the 555 timer receives a signal at the trigger input that falls below a third of the voltage supply. is given by Where t is in seconds.While using the timer IC in monostable mode. See RC circuit for an explanation of this effect. The width of the output pulse is determined by the time constant of an RC network. R is in ohms and C is in farads. The output pulse width can be lengthened or shortened to the need of the specific application by adjusting the values of R and C. 8 .

9 .5 Applications of 555 Timer:      Precision timing Pulse generation Sequential timing Time delay generation Pulse width modulation 1.4.4 Features of 555 Timer:  Turn-off time less than 2ms       Max. Transistors are circuit elements designed to function either as amplifiers or as switches.1.005% per °C 1. Transistor is a “CURRENT” operated device which has a very large amount of current (Ic) which flows without restraint through the device between the collector and emitter terminals.4. operating frequency greater than 500 kHz Timing from microseconds to hours Operates in both astable and monostable modes Adjustable duty cycle TTL compatible Temperature stability of 0.5 BC548 Transistor: The BC548 is a general purpose silicon NPN BJT transistor. The "BC" part of the number designates a low power silicon NPN transistor.

When a lightemitting diode is forward-biased (switched on).6 LED: LED means Light Emitting Diode.Fig 1.LED‟s are used as indicator lamps in many devices and are increasingly used for other lighting.5: BC548 Transistor 1. and integrated optical components may be used to shape its radiation pattern LEDs present many advantages over incandescent light sources including lower energy 10 . They are good for displaying images because they can be relatively small. it starts sounding a beep alarm and the LED blinks. A light-emitting diode (LED) is a semiconductor light source.1 Applications of BC548 Transistor:    A common application for NPN transistors is to use then as switches in circuits.The moment the bug detects RF transmission signal from an activated mobile phone. electrons are able to recombine with electron holes within the device. LEDs are often small in area (less than 1 mm2). This effect is called electroluminescence and the colour of the light (corresponding to the energy of the photon) is determined by the energy gap of the semiconductor.LED‟s contain an integrated multivibrator circuit inside which causes the LED to flash with a typical time period.5. It is an electronic device that lights up when electricity is passed through it. Another application for NPN transistors is to use them as an voltage amplifier. releasing energy in the form of photons. It can also be used as current amplifier. 1. LEDs are usually red.

improved robustness. These buzzers can be used alert a user of an event corresponding to a switching action. longer lifetime. push and pull action. Most buzzers produce sound in the range of 2 to 4 kHz.7: Piezo Buzzer 11 .6: Light Emitting Diodes 1.consumption. smaller size. counter signal or sensor input. Fig 1. and faster switching. It consists of piezo crystals between two conductors.7 Piezo Buzzer: The piezo buzzer produces sound based on reverse of the piezoelectric effect. LEDs powerful enough for room lighting are relatively expensive and require more precise current and heat management than compact fluorescent lamp sources of comparable output.The buzzer produces a same noisy sound irrespective of the voltage variation applied to it.This. results in a sound wave.When a potential is applied across these crystals. they push on one conductor and pull on the other. Fig1.

Piezoelectric sensors have proven to be versatile tools for the measurement of various processes.A piezoelectric disk generates a voltage when deformed (change in shape is greatly exaggerated). Structure of Piezo Buzzer: Fig 1. strain or force by converting them to an electrical charge. process control and for research and development in many different industries.8: Structure of piezo buzzer 12 . A piezoelectric sensor is a device that uses the piezoelectric effect to measure pressure. acceleration. They are used for quality assurance.

1 Algorithm: STEP-1 STEP-2 STEP-3 STEP-4 STEP-5 STEP-6 STEP-7 STEP-8 : Supply is given to activate the circuit. 13 . : The output of op-amp is fed to the timer.CHAPTER-2 IMPLEMENTATION Block Diagram: MOBILE PHONE RECEIVER ANTENNA CURRENT TO VOLTAGE CONVERT ER TIMER SPEAKER Fig 2. : The antenna receives the IR signals and passes them to op-amp.1: Block Diagram 2. : A transaction is made through the mobile. : The timer is triggered. : LED glows indicating that IR signals are sensed. : The buzzer indicates that the cell phone is detected. : The timer activates the buzzer.

2: Flow chart 14 .Flow Chart: START SUPPLY IS GIVEN TRANSACTION THROUGH MOBILE ANTENNA RECIEVES IR SIGNALS SIGNALS ARE PASSED THROUGH OP-AMP LED GLOWS OUTPUT OF OP-AMP IS FED TO TIMER TIMER IS TRIGGERED BUZZER IS ACTIVATED CELL PHONE IS DETECTED STOP Fig 2.

3 to 10 cm. The transmission frequency of mobile phones ranges from 0. It is a CMOS version using gate-protected p-channel MOSFET transistors in the input to provide very high input impedance. Op-amp IC CA3130 (IC1) is used in the circuit as a current-to-voltage converter with capacitor C3 connected between its inverting and non-inverting inputs. So a circuit detecting gigahertz signals is required for a mobile bug.22μF disk capacitor (C3) to capture the RF signals from the mobile phone. The lead length of the capacitor is fixed as 18 mm with a spacing of 8 mm between the leads to get the desired frequency. Here the circuit uses a 0. very low input current and very high speed of performance. The output CMOS 15 .3: Circuit Diagram 2.2 Operation of Cell Phone Detector: An ordinary RF detector using tuned LC circuits is not suitable for detecting signals in the GHz frequency band used in mobile phones. The disk capacitor along with the leads acts as a small gigahertz loop antenna to collect the RF signals from the mobile phone.9 to 3 GHz with a wavelength of 3.Circuit Diagram: Fig 2.

Assemble the circuit on a general purpose PCB as compact as possible and enclose in a small box like junk mobile case. Resistor R2 provides the discharge path for capacitor C4.transistor is capable of swinging the output voltage to within 10 mV of either supply voltage terminal. This capacitor creates a field. Carefully solder the capacitor in standing position with equal spacing of the leads.5 meters. The low-value timing components R6 and C9 produce very short time delay to avoid audio nuisance. As mentioned earlier. Capacitor C3 in conjunction with the lead inductance acts as a transmission line that intercepts the signals from the mobile phone. Capacitor C6 maintains the base bias of transistor T1 for fast switching action. the output of IC1 becomes high and low alternately according to the frequency of the signal as indicated by LED1. The unit will give the warning indication if someone uses mobile phone within a radius of 1. This will upset the balanced input of IC1 and convert the current into the corresponding output voltage. Capacitor C4 along with high-value resistor R1 keeps the non-inverting input stable for easy swing of the output to high state. Capacitor C5 (47pF) is connected across „strobe‟ (pin 8) and „null‟ inputs (pin 1) of IC1 for phase compensation and gain control to optimize the frequency response. Feedback resistor R3 makes the inverting input high when the output becomes high. stores energy and transfers the stored energy in the form of minute current to the inputs of IC1. This triggers monostable timer IC2 through capacitor C7. capacitor C3 should have a lead length of 18 mm with lead spacing of 8 mm. You may use a short telescopic type antenna. 16 . The response can be optimized by trimming the lead length of C3 for the desired frequency. When the mobile phone signal is detected by C3. Use the miniature 12V battery of a remote control and a small buzzer to make the gadget pocket-size.

3.CHAPTER-3 APPLICATIONS OFCELL PHONE DETECTORS 3. assembly points.2 Prisons: Cellphone Detector may be placed outside cell doors during „lock up‟ hours within prison wings to reduce illicit cellular phone activity.4 Schools and Colleges: Cellphone Detector units are installed in general locations in corridors. 3. corridors. Cellphone Detector maybe installed in entranceways. the Cellphone Detector can detect bugs emitting RF within the specified band range. 17 . 3. Where cellular phone misuse is a severe or persistent problem then units can be installed in the main prayer area with audio alert set to low volume. In addition. Cellphone detector units are deployed in examination rooms to deter examination fraud via text messaging. concourses. it can be rigged to trigger a digital camera to capture an image of a person using a phone in a restricted area by sending a signal to an external trigger mechanism from the remote alarm terminal.5 Places of Worship: Cellphone Detector units are installed as a deterrent at the main entrance. In addition to potential RAT phones. waiting and meeting areas where inmates‟ visits are conducted. Sensitive electronic equipment within intensive care wards and operating theatres that are vulnerable to RF interference will have units installed near them.3 Hospitals: Cellphone Detector units are installed in general locations in corridors and waiting rooms to deter nuisance public cellular phone usage. classrooms and lecture theatres to promote conformity and establishment order. In addition.1 Military Basis: In government buildings and military bases the unit should be installed in all sensitive areas. 3.

18 .7 Courtrooms: Cellphone Detector units are installed directly outside courtrooms with range set to near. Confidential advice and assistance regarding how this product can be used is available from your supplier. the number of devices installed and how the detectors are integrated with other layers of security such as metal detection and access control systems.3.8 General Application: Cellular phone detection and deterrence is an additional layer of security for your organization. 3.6 Museums and Libraries: Cellphone Detector units are installed in all areas in museums and libraries with audio warning on low volume. 3. How effective this layer of security will be will be dependent on the environment. Inside the courtroom itself. a wall-mounted unit silently flashing in the public gallery may alert security staff.

CHAPTER-4 PROJECT KIT 4. 19 .1: Circuit Connections The connections of the circuit are made as per the circuit diagram which is shown in the above figure.1 Circuit Connections: Fig 4.

4.2: Results of cell phone detector A transaction is made through a cell phone and it is brought near the circuit. Then the IR signals are detected by the antenna and the LED glows and the buzzer rings indicating that the cell phone is detected.2 Results: Fig 4. 20 .

so we use this project to detect the usage of mobile phones in the above places. high resolution cameras. This requires a lot of manpower and money to implement. memory cards. Typically cellular phones in the United States operate between 824 . Used for spying the unauthorized video transmission in mobile phones.894 MHz. New features like Bluetooth.CHAPTER-5 CONCLUSION Cellular phone technology is gaining new data capabilities very rapidly. Many businesses depend on keeping information protected and build fortresses that called secure facilities to protect their investment. The signals emitted by mobile phones can interfere with some electronic equipment inside the hospital. 21 . A cellular phone uses many different transmission protocols such as FDMA or CDMA. Used to prevent the usage of mobile phones in examination and seminar halls. This could have fatal consequences. This project is used for military and civil defense for mobile radiation detection. Currently the only way to ensure that no one is bringing a cellular phone into a secure facility is to search everyone entering and exiting. These protocols dictate how a cellular phone communicates with the tower. and Internet make them ideal for getting data in and out of secure facilities.

alldatasheets.efyprojects.REFERENCES  www.circuitstudy.com  www.com 22 .com  www.