# ‫ﺍﻟﺠﻤﻬﻭﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺠﺯﺍﺌﺭﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻤﻘﺭﺍﻁﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻭﺯﺍﺭﺓ ﺍﻟﺘﺭﺒﻴﺔ ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻴﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻭﺍﻥ ﺍﻟﻭﻁﻨﻲ ﻟﻠﺘﻌﻠﻴﻡ ﻭ ﺍﻟﺘﻜﻭﻴﻥ ﻋﻥ ﺒﻌﺩ‬

‫ﺘﺼﻤﻴﻡ ﺇﺠﺎﺒﺔ ﻓﺭﺽ ﺍﻟﻤﺭﺍﻗﺒﺔ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺴﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺩﺭﺍﺴﻴﺔ‪2011 - 2010 :‬‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻭﻯ‪ 1:‬ﺜﺎﻨﻭﻱ‬

‫ﺍﻟﺸﻌﺒﺔ‪:‬ﺠﺫﻉ ﻤﺸﺘﺭﻙ ﻋﻠﻭﻡ ﻭﺘﻜﻨﻭﻟﻭﺠﻴﺎ‬

‫ﺍﻟﻤﺎﺩﺓ‪:‬ﻋﻠﻭﻡ ﻓﻴﺯﻴﺎﺌﻴﺔ‬

‫ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﺼﻔﺤﺎﺕ ‪03 :‬‬

‫ﺇﻋﺩﺍﺩ‪ :‬ﺒﻠﻬﻭﺸﺎﺕ ﻨﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﺩﻴﻥ ‪ /‬ﺃﺴﺘﺎﺫ ﺒﺎﻟﺩﻴﻭﺍﻥ‬

‫ﺃﻭﻻ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻜﻴﻤﻴﺎﺀ‬
‫ﺤل ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻭل ‪:‬‬
‫‪ – 1‬ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ ﺍﻟﺘﻲ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺭ ﻫﻲ‪ 0,5.................... Na , Al , Mg :‬ﻥ‬
‫ﺤﻴﺙ ﻴﻜﻭﻥ ﺍﻟﺘﻭﺯﻴﻊ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﻲ ﻟﻜل ﻋﻨﺼﺭ ﻜﻤﺎ ﻴﻠﻲ ‪:‬‬
‫‪Na : K2 L8M1‬‬
‫‪Al :k2L8M3‬‬
‫‪Mg :K2L8M2‬‬
‫ﻨﻼﺤﻅ ﺃﻥ ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﻌﻨﺎﺼﺭ ﺘﺘﻭﺯﻉ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺘﻬﺎ ﻋﻠﻰ ‪ 3‬ﻁﺒﻘﺎﺕ ﻫﻲ ‪ M, L,K‬ﻓﻬﻲ ﺇﺫﻥ ﺘﻘﻊ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ ﻓﻲ‬
‫ﺍﻟﺠﺩﻭل ﺍﻟﺩﻭﺭﻱ ‪ 0,5...................................................................‬ﻥ‬
‫‪ K , Na – 2‬ﻴﻘﻌﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ) ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﺍﻷﻭل ( ‪ 0,25...........................‬ﻥ‬
‫ﻷﻥ ﻟﻬﻤﺎ ﺇﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻥ ﻭﺍﺤﺩ ﻓﻲ ﻁﺒﻘﺘﻬﻤﺎ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ ‪ 0,25.................................‬ﻥ‬
‫‪Na : K2 L8M1‬‬
‫‪K : K2L8M8N1‬‬
‫ﻜﺫﺍﻟﻙ ‪ B , Al‬ﻴﻘﻌﺎﻥ ﻓﻲ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺍﻟﻌﻤﻭﺩ ﻷﻥ ﻟﻬﻤﺎ ﻨﻔﺱ ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻓﻲ ﺍﻟﻁﺒﻘﺔ ﺍﻟﺴﻁﺤﻴﺔ ‪0,5.....‬‬
‫‪B : K2L3‬‬
‫‪Al :k2L8M3‬‬
‫‪ - 3‬ﺃ – ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻭﺘﻭﻨﺎﺕ = ‪0,5............................................ 26‬‬
‫ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ = ‪0,5............................................ 26‬‬
‫ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ = ‪0,5.............................................. 30‬‬
‫ﺏ – ‪0,25 + 0,25..................... Fe+3 : 23 , Fe +2 : 24‬‬

‫ﺤل ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ‪:‬‬

‫‪ - 1‬ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﺒﺭﻭﺘﻭﻨﺎﺕ‪0,25............................................... 13 :‬‬
‫ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ‪0,25.............................................. 13 :‬‬
‫ﻋﺩﺩ ﺍﻟﻨﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ‪0,25................................................ 14 :‬‬

‫‪0,75................................................... Al :k2L8M3 - 2‬‬
‫‪0,5..........m noy = Zm p + ( A-Z ) m n - 3‬‬
‫‪0,5.. = 13. 1,67 .10-27 + 14 .1,67 .10-27 = 45,09 .10-27 kg‬‬
‫‪ - 4‬ﻜﺘﻠﺔ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ‪13 .9,1 . 10-31 =118,3 .10-31 kg :‬‬
‫‪m noy / m e- = 0,38 .104‬‬
‫‪3/1‬‬

............................‬‬ ‫‪0.25............79 / 2...‬‬ ‫‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ‪ :‬ﻤﻌﺩﻭﻤﺔ ‪0.....79m/s‬‬ ‫‪0.............d1 = ½ .......10-19‬‬ ‫ﺸﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ = ‪0.. V3 = M2M4 / 2 ∆t = 14....40 = 240 cm‬‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ‪0...........10-19 C‬‬ ‫ﻭﻤﻨﻪ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ ﺸﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﺫﺭﺓ ﻤﻌﺩﻭﻤﺔ ‪0.... FA/B = F B/A‬‬ ‫ﺃ ‪FA/B = F B/A = 9.......1‬‬ ‫‪0.......1.. 40= 80cm‬‬ ‫‪ -‬ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ‪:‬‬ ‫‪0.........70 m/s‬‬ ‫‪ – 2‬ﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻤﺘﺴﺎﺭﻋﺔ ﻷﻥ ﻤﺴﺎﺭ ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﺔ ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻡ ﻭﺍﻟﺴﺭﻋﺔ ﺍﻟﻠﺤﻅﻴﺔ ﻤﺘﺯﺍﻴﺩﺓ ﻓﺎﻟﻜﺭﻴﺔ ﺤﺘﻤﺎ ﺘﻜﻭﻥ‬ ‫ﺨﺎﻀﻌﺔ ﻟﻘﻭﺓ ‪0...............25........25..............5......................5.... d2 = 6 ..... -13...... 1.‬ﻥ‬ ‫ﻫﺫﻩ ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﻻ ﺘﺤﻘﻕ ﻫﺫﺍ ﺍﻟﻤﺒﺩﺃ‪ 0....4‬ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﻭل ‪ :‬ﻓﻲ ﺍﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﺔ ‪0.5 + 0................25.......5......25...................5 = 4....10-2 )2 = 90/d2 N -‬‬ ‫‪3/2‬‬ ..0..................‬ﻥ‬ ‫‪ -4‬ﻓﻲ ﻤﻌﻠﻡ ﺃﺭﻀﻲ ﻴﺤﺎﻓﻅ ﻜل ﺠﺴﻡ ﻋﻠﻰ ﺴﻜﻭﻨﻪ ﺃﻭ ﺤﺭﻜﺘﻪ ﺍﻟﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﺍﻟﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ ﺇﺫﺍ ﻟﻡ ﺘﺘﺩﺨل ﻗﻭﺓ ﻟﺘﻐﻴﻴﺭ ﺤﺎﻟﺘﻪ‬ ‫ﺍﻟﺤﺭﻜﻴﺔ ‪ 0........5 ......‬‬ ‫ﺜﺎﻨﻴﺎ ‪ :‬ﺍﻟﻔﻴﺯﻴﺎﺀ‬ ‫ﺤل ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ ﺍﻷﻭل ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ – 1‬ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﻭل ﻤﻥ ‪ A‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ B‬ﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﺔ ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻤﺘﺴﺎﺭﻋﺔ ‪0.........‬‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ ‪ :‬ﻤﻌﺎﻜﺴﺔ ﻻﺘﺠﺎﻩ ﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﺔ ‪0.... d3 = ½ ............... 2‬ﻥ‬ ‫‪ – 3‬ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻷﻭل‪:‬‬ ‫‪0...‬ﻥ‬ ‫ﺤل ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ ‪:‬‬ ‫ﻨﺭﻤﺯ ﻟﻠﺒﻌﺩ ‪ AB‬ﺒﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻨﺘﻴﻥ ﺒـ ‪ d‬ﺤﻴﺙ ‪ d‬ﺒـ ‪cm‬‬ ‫‪/1‬‬ ‫= ‪0...8 . 0........90 / 2..5 .......‬‬‫‪ .8.....10-6 .1...... V2 = M1M3 / 2 ∆ t = 9..‫ﻜﺘﻠﺔ ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻤﻬﻤﻠﺔ ﺘﻘﺭﻴﺒﺎ ﺃﻤﺎﻡ ﻜﺘﻠﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺍﺓ ‪ 0...................‬‬ ‫ ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ﻤﻥ ‪ B‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ C‬ﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﺔ ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻤﻨﺘﻅﻤﺔ ‪0.‬‬ ‫‪ – 3‬ﺜﻘل ﺍﻟﻜﺭﻴﺔ ‪ 1.10-19C‬‬ ‫‪0...... 6 ...5.....25...........10-6 /( d .. +13 .....25.....5...............................‬‬‫ﺤل ﺍﻟﺘﻤﺭﻴﻥ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻨﻲ ‪:‬‬ ‫‪V1 = M0M2 / 2∆t = 4...6 .....109 ..........25......5...6 .....5 = 9............‬‬‫ ﺍﻟﻁﻭﺭ ﺍﻟﺜﺎﻟﺙ ﻤﻥ ‪ C‬ﺇﻟﻰ ‪ D‬ﺤﺭﻜﺔ ﺍﻟﻌﺭﺒﺔ ﻤﺴﺘﻘﻴﻤﺔ ﻤﺘﺒﺎﻁﺌﺔ ‪0..1............‬ﻥ‬ ‫‪ – 5‬ﺸﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻨﻭﺍﺓ = ‪= 20.25.2‬ﺍﻟﻤﺨﻁﻁ ‪ 1.0.........5.......10-19 = -20...... 40 =120cm :‬‬‫‪ ..5......90 m/s ..70 / 2.........5 = 14......4 .....25........

... qD = qE = 3........................................................................25‬‬ ‫‪0...............10-6 C‬ﻥ‬ ‫‪3/3‬‬ ..........‬ﻥ‬ ‫ﺏ – ﺒﻤﺎ ﺃﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺭﺘﻴﻥ ﻤﺘﻤﺎﺜﻠﺘﻴﻥ ﻭﻤﻌﺩﻨﻴﺘﻴﻥ ﻓﺈﻨﻬﻤﺎ ﻴﺤﻤﻼﻥ ﻨﻔﺱ ﺍﻟﺸﺤﻨﺔ ﺒﻌﺩ ﺍﻟﺘﻼﻤﺱ ﺤﻴﺙ‬ ‫ﺘﻨﻘﺴﻡ ﺸﺤﻨﺔ ﺍﻟﻜﺭﺓ ‪ D‬ﺒﺎﻟﺘﺴﺎﻭﻱ ﻤﻊ ﺍﻟﻜﺭﺓ ‪ E‬ﺍﻟﻐﻴﺭ ﻤﺸﺤﻭﻨﺔ ﻗﺒل ﺍﻟﺘﻼﻤﺱ ﻭﻤﻨﻪ‪:‬‬ ‫‪ 2.....25‬‬ ‫‪ -3‬ﺃ – ﺘﻨﺘﻘل ﺍﻹﻟﻜﺘﺭﻭﻨﺎﺕ ﻤﻥ ﺍﻟﻜﺭﺓ ‪ E‬ﻨﺤﻭ ﺍﻟﻜﺭﺓ ‪ D‬ﻭﺘﺼﺒﺢ ﺒﺫﻟﻙ ﺍﻟﻜﺭﺓ ‪ E‬ﻤﻜﻬﺭﺒﺔ‬ ‫ﺒﺎﻟﺘﻼﻤﺱ ‪ 1..‫ﺏ‪FA/B = F B/A = 135 / d2 N -‬‬ ‫ﺴﻠﻡ ﺍﻟﺭﺴﻡ ‪90/d2 N :‬‬ ‫‪1cm‬‬ ‫‪-2‬‬ ‫‪0....................