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Class: Chrondrichthyes

Chrondrichthyes means "cartilaginous fishes". The skeletons of sharks and other Chondrichthyans are made of cartilage unlike human skeletons which are made of bone. Sharks, like bony fish, breath (respire) when water passes through their mouth, over their gills, and out through their gill slits.

Carcharhiniformes - requiem sharks (whitetip)

Triaenodon obesus

Figure 24.08


copyright FLMNH

Lamniformes - mackerel, mako, white sharks

Mako Isurus oyrinchus

Great White


Great White, Carcharodon carcharias

Sevengill Shark Heptranchias perlo

Heanchiformes - si & seven-gill sharks (cow sharks)

Orectolobiformes nurse sharks

Ginglymostoma cirratum

Egg case of cat shark

Embryo of deep sea cat shark. There is a very large yolk sac to support the embryos growth.

Vertebrate Teeth
The basic odontode unit is identical to the placoid scale of chondrichthyans

Figure 24.18


cartilage - a stiff yet flexible connective tissue; not as hard and rigid as bone, but is stiffer and less flexible than muscle spiracles - small openings on the surface of some animals that lead to respiratory systems; is found behind each eye, and is often used to pump water through the gills while the animal is at rest appendicular skeleton - the paired fins or limbs and the girdles, the braces within the body that support them claspers - paired sperm-transfer organs of a male shark gill slits - the eternal opening to the cavity containing the gills when a protective covering of the gills is present

he Taxonomy of Man Actually, there are many more than seven groupings of life. Below is a complete taonomic classification of mankind. Kingdom Animalia Subkingdom Metazoa Phylum Chordata Subphylum Vertebrata Superclass Tetrapoda Class Mammalia Subclass Theria Infraclass Eutheria Order Primates Family Hominidae Genus Homo Species sapiens Subspecies sapiens