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1996 B1 Two identical objects A and B of mass M move on a one-dimensional horizontal air track.

Object B initially moves to the right with speed V0 . Object A initially moves to the right with speed 3V0 , so that it collides with object B. Friction s negligible. Express your answers to the following terms of M and V0. a. Determine the total momentum of the system of the two objects. Formula: M1V1 + M2V2 = M1V1 + M2V2 Ma (3V0) + MB(V0) Total momentum: 4MV0 b. A student predicts that the collision will be totally inelastic (the objects stick together on collision). Assuming this is true, determine the following for the two objects immediately after the collision. 1. Speed 2. The direction of motion (left or right) Formula: M1V1 + M2V2 = V (M+M) Ma (3V0) + MB(V0) = V (2M) 4MV0 = V(2M) Speed: V= 2 V0 The direction of motion will be to the right because all the values are positive. c. When the experiment is performed, the student is surprised to observe that the objects separate after the collision and that object B subsequently moves to the right with a speed 2.5 v0. Determine the following for object A immediately after the collision. 1. Speed 2. The direction of motion. Formula: M1V1 + M2V2 = M1V1 + M2V2 Ma (3V0) + MB(V0)= Ma (Va) + MB(2.5V0) Va = (3V0) +V0 2.5V0 Speed : VA = 1.5V0 The direction of motion for A is right again because all values are positive. D. Formula: K initial K final K initial= (MVa)2 + (MVa) 2 K final : (MVv)2 + (MVv) 2 K initial = (M) (3V0) 2 + M (V0) 2 K final (M) (V0) 2 + (M) (1.5 V0) 2 K initial = 5M V02 K final: 4.25 M V02 5M V02 - 4.25 M V02 = .75M V02

K dissipated= .75 M V02