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INTRODUCTION OF THE STUDY

HR Audit refers to an examination and evaluation in policies, procedures and practices to determine the effectiveness and efficiency of Human Resource Management. It determines what should or should not be done in the future as a result of such measurement. It measures the mission, objectives, strategies, policies, procedures, programs, and activities of HRM. It is used to evaluate the performance of the personnel staff and employees. By performing this task, we can know the actual performance of the company. The company which is performing certain HR activities will direct to attaining their objectives. HR audit will identifies the errors and it devices a solution for their. It is a mandatory task by an organization, if they want to develop their HRM in future. It verifies all the activities which are undergoing in the organization and identifies the errors to give a proper solution. It reflects the organization for the development of HRM in future. By undergoing HR audit regularly in reorganization the efficiency levels of the personnel staff and employees will improve. An HR Audit should be done once in 6 months, so that the organization will be effective. It rectifies the problems and errors which have been arrived in the organization. It certainly reduces the errors and makes an effective HRM. My personal reason for taking this project is by doing HR Audit we can know the overall performance of the organization. It clearly explains the things what should be or should not be done, what are the things should (or) should not be done for attaining development in both employee and managerial point of view. HR Audit is very important task to know their efficiency of HR Activities. Among all the topics of HRM, HR Audit plays a vital role in the organization. The reasons for taking this project are

1. It evaluates the performance of personnel staff and employees. It determines the performance of the employees. From the basis of there results, we can do Performance Appraisal. 2. It rectifies the problems (or) errors arise in the organization and the employees need motivation to develop themselves. What type of motivation can be known by making HR Audit. 3. HR Audit examines the entire HR department and all HR Activities. So, we can gain knowledge of all the activities undergone. 4. HR Audit is involved with all the HR Departments, so we can know the levels of employee job satisfaction levels by making interaction with them through questionnaire.

So, HR Audit is linked with all the necessary HR Activities. By selecting one topic (or) HR Activities, we can gain knowledge about that topic itself. But, by doing HR audit we can gain knowledge about all the HR Activities. HR Audit results in gaining the overall knowledge of HRM in the organization. It is very important for the organization to know their efficiently of HRM. It results to gain knowledge from the manager and managees point of view. HR Audit is a mixture of all HR activities in every point of view. By making HR Audit, we can know about whole HRM briefly rather than going for taking one topic and know about that.

NEED
The need of the audit is to reveal the strengths and weaknesses of the organization to solve their problems. This audit helps us to know the opinions of the employees towards the organization in which they are working. The organization can identify and solve the problem of the employees to achieve their goals. By studying this topic, we can know the overall knowledge about HRM in an organization.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY


To evaluate the strengths and weaknesses of the organization. To identify and finding the solutions for the occurrence of the problems by the employees. To know the opinions of the employees towards organization. To gain knowledge from the manager and managees point of view To gain the overall knowledge of Human Resource Management of an organization.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY


Employees play a vital role in determining the scope of the study. It gives a broader way to understand Human Resource Management and gives tremendous knowledge about all elements. It relates to each and every element in HRM and determines the way to do in the organization. It also provides scope to understand the environmental conditions in the organization. The study depends upon the opinions of the employees working in the organization. There is no guarantee that the employees are determining the accurate or exact opinions in the questionnaire. If they mislead us, the whole study may become inaccurate. The scope of the study mainly depends upon the opinions of the employees who are working in the organization.

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY:
Research is essentially an investigation, a recording and analysis of evidence for the purpose of gaining knowledge.

Research Design:
A research design is simply the frame work or plan for a study that is used as a guide in collecting and analyzing the data. It is blue print that is followed in completing a study. Research design can be thought of as the structure of research it is the glue that holds all of the elements in a research project together.

Data collection:
The task of data collection begins after a research problem has been defined and research design/plan chalked out. While deciding about the method of data collection to be used for the study, the researcher should keep in mind two types of data viz., primary data and secondary data.

Primary data are those which are collected afresh and for the first time. Secondary data are those which have already been collected by someone else.

Sources of data:
Sources of data are 2 types. 1. Primary data sources. 2. Secondary data sources.

1. Primary data sources:


In primary data collection, we collect the data ourselves using methods such as interviews and questionnaires. The key point here is that the data we collect is unique to us and our research. Primary data is the data which is collected by the researcher directly from his own observations and experiences. For example, if the researcher conducts a survey for the collected data then it is known as Primary data. Primary data are those data which are collected for the first time, taking a sample, representing a population.

There are many methods of collecting primary data and the main methods include, a. Questionnaire. b. Interviews. c. Observation. d. Schedules. e. Survey. Questionnaires: In this project questionnaire method is used to collect the data. Questionnaire refers to forms filled in by respondents alone. This method can be adopted for the entire population or sampled sectors. Questionnaires may be used to collect regular data or infrequent routine data, and data for specialized studies. In order to maximize return rates, questionnaires should be designed to be as simple and clear as possible. Questionnaires, like interviews, can contain either structured questions with blanks to be filled in, multiple choice questions, or they can contain open-ended questions where the respondent is encouraged to reply at length and choose their own focus to some extent.

A questionnaire is a series of questions asked to individuals to obtain statistically useful information about a given topic. Questionnaires are a valuable method of collecting a wide range of information from a large number of individuals, often referred to as respondents. Adequate questionnaire construction is critical to the success of a survey. Inappropriate questions, incorrect ordering of questions, incorrect scaling, or bad questionnaire format can make the survey valueless, as it may not accurately reflect the views and opinions of the participants. A useful method for checking a questionnaire and making sure it is accurately capturing the intended information is to pretest among a smaller subset of target respondents. Closed-Ended Questions: In this project closed-ended questions are used. A closed-ended question is a form of question which can normally be answered using a simple "yes" or "no", a specific simple piece of information, or a selection from multiple choices. Closed-ended questions limit respondents' answers to the survey. The participants are allowed to choose from either a pre-existing set of dichotomous answers, such as yes/no, true/false, or multiple choice with an option for "other" to be filled in, or ranking scale response options. The most common of the ranking scale questions is called the Likert scale question. This kind of question asks the respondents to look at a statement and then "rank" this statement according to the degree to which they agree ("I strongly agree, I somewhat agree, I have no opinion, I somewhat disagree, I strongly disagree").There are 5 basic types of closed-ended questions: Multiple-choice; Categorical; Likert-scale; Numerical; and Ordinal. Closed-ended questions provide primarily quantitative data, and are frequently used in confirmatory research.

Multiple Choice Use a multiple-choice question when you want your respondents to choose the best possible answer among all options presented. Categorical Use a categorical question when the possible answers are categories, and the respondent must belong to one category Likert-Scale Use a Likert-scale question when you are trying to determine respondents attitudes or feelings about something.Likerts scale has 5 points. 1 being not very important, 5 being extremely important. Ordinal Sometimes you may want your respondents to rank order their responses. A ranking indicates the importance assigned by a participant to an attitudinal object. Numerical When the answer must be a number, ask a numerical question. 2. Secondary data sources: Secondary sources of information may be divided into two categories. Internal sources: Data that originate within the firm for which the research is being conducted are internal data.

External sources: Which are generally published and are available in different forms and from different sources. The main sources of external secondary data are, Libraries: Researcher first attends libraries to find out relevant data pertaining to research. Management institutes, research institutes, banks, insurance companies, public utility companies and manufacturing units have maintained adequate libraries. Literature: A great amount of secondary data is available from literature, particularly literature on marketing subjects. Consultations of this literature may provide proper guidance pertaining to publication, which can be used from time to time. Government departments: Different government departments have different data, which are not available in libraries. But these are very useful for understanding various aspects of the economy. The researchers can utilize them for the purposes of their researchers. Commercial data: There are several institutions and companies, which purchase and sell marketing information and data. Some of the companies are solely engaged in marketing research. They collect information and data directly from field surveys. Some such companies collect and process the secondary data and supply them to their subscribers.

Sampling: Data collection from the subset of population is called sampling. It is the process of obtaining information about an entire population by examining only a part of it. Sampling is that part of statistical practice concerned with the selection of an unbiased or random subset of individual observations within a population of individuals intended to yield some knowledge about the population of concern, especially for the purposes of making predictions based on statistical inference. Sampling is an important aspect of data collection.

Advantages of sampling: The cost is lower. Data collection is faster. Since the data set is smaller it is possible to ensure homogeneity and to improve the accuracy and quality of the data. Sampling is the act, process, or technique of selecting a suitable sample, or a representative part of a population for the purpose of determining parameters or characteristics of the whole population. A simple random sample: The simplest form of random sampling is called simple random sampling. It is most popular technique. A simple random sample is obtained by choosing elementary units in search a way that each unit in the population has an equal chance of being selected. A simple random sample is free from sampling bias.

Sample size: Sample size can be determined by various constraints. In general, sample size depends on the nature of the analysis to be performed, the desired precision of the estimates one wishes to achieve, the kind and number of comparisons that will be made, the number of variables that have to be examined simultaneously and how heterogeneous a universe is sampled. Deciding on a sample size for qualitative inquiry can be even more difficult than quantitative because there are no definite rules to be followed. It will depend on what you want to know, the purpose of the inquiry, what is at stake, what will be useful, what will have credibility and what can be done with available time and resources. With fixed resources which are always the case, you can choose to study one specific phenomenon in depth with a smaller sample size or a bigger sample size when seeking breadth. In purposeful sampling, the sample should be judged on the basis of the purpose and rationale for each study and the sampling strategy used to achieve the studies purpose. Questionnaire has been distributed to 120 members and we received answers from 95 members. The sample size here is 95.

Tool:
The tool which is used in this project is Percentage tool. Number of respondents/Sample size (100)

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LIMITATIONS OF STUDY
The audit information may or may not be accurate. Though the information

gathered from the employees who are working in the organization may or may not reveal the truth. There is a chance of gathering false information. time The actual environment of organization cannot be known and the employees wont reveal them us. The actual problems occurring by the employees cannot be identified. We cant find the solution to them. If they provide inaccurate information, our findings and suggestions will not be used for the organization and for us also Time taking element depends upon the employees working in the organization. If they permit us our work concludes shortly. Otherwise, it may move for a long period of

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INDUSTRY PROFILE
CEMENT INDUSTRY In the most general sense of the word, cement is a binder, a substance which sets and hardens independently, and can bind other materials together. The word "cement" traces to the Romans, who used the term "opus caementicium" to describe masonry which resembled concrete and was made from crushed rock with burnt lime as binder. The volcanic ash and pulverized brick additives which were added to the burnt lime to obtain a hydraulic binder were later referred to as cementum, cimentum, cment and cement. Cement used in construction is characterized as hydraulic or non-hydraulic. Hydraulic cements (e.g. Portland cement) harden because of chemical reactions that do not involve "drying out"; they can harden even underwater or when constantly exposed to wet weather. The chemical reaction that results when the dry cement powder is mixed with water produces hydrates that are not water-soluble. Non-hydraulic cements (e.g. lime and gypsum plaster) must be kept dry in order to gain strength. The most important use of cement is the production of mortar and concretethe bonding of natural or artificial aggregates to form a strong building material which is durable in the face of normal environmental effects. Concrete should not be confused with cement because the term cement refers only to the dry powder substance used to bind the aggregate materials of concrete. Upon the addition of water and/or additives the cement mixture is referred to as concrete, especially if aggregates have been added. India, being the second largest cement producer in the world after China with a total capacity of 151.2 Million Tones (MT), has got a huge cement industry. With the government of India giving boost to various infrastructure projects, housing facilities and road networks, the cement industry in India is currently growing at an enviable pace. More growth in the Indian cement industry is expected in the coming years. It is

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also predicted that the cement production in India would rise to 236.16 MT in FY11. It's also expected to rise to 262.61 MT in FY12. The cement industry in India is dominated by around 20 companies, which account for almost 70% of the total cement production in India. In the present year, the Indian cement companies have produced 11 MT cement during April-September 2009. It took the total cement production in FY09 to 231 MT. India is the world's second largest producer of cement with total capacity of 219 million tonnes (MT) at the end of FY 2009, according to the Cement Manufacturers Association. According to the Cement Manufacturers Association, cement despatches during 200910 were 159.43 million tonnes (MT) increasing by 12 per cent over 142.23 in 2008-09. Cement production during 2009-10 was 160.31 MT an increase of 12.37 per cent over 142.65 MT in 2008-09. Moreover, the governments continued thrust on infrastructure will help the key building material to maintain an annual growth of 9-10 per cent in 2010, according to Indias largest cement company, ACC. In January 2010, rating agency Fitch predicted that the country will add about 50 million tonne cement capacity in 2010, taking the total to around 300 million tonne. New Investments Cement and gypsum products have received cumulative foreign direct investment (FDI) of US$ 1.71 billion between April 2000 and February 2010, according to the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion

In January 2010, Swiss cement company Holcim announced plans to invest US$ 1 billion for setting up 2-3 greenfield manufacturing plants in India in the next five years. The expansion will take the companys total cement-making capacity to 60 mtpa (million tonnes per annum) from 50 mtpa currently. 13

Jaiprakash Associates Ltd will invest US$ 984.1 million to take its cement manufacturing capacity from 20 mtpa to 33 mtpa by 2012. Madras Cements Ltd is planning to invest US$ 178.4 million to increase the manufacturing capacity of its Ariyalur plant in Tamil Nadu to 4.5 MT from 2 MT by April 2011.

Monnet Ispat & Energy (MIEL) will set up cement plants in Chhattisgarh and Gujarat with an investment of about US$ 527.9 million. Work on the two plants will begin in the October-December quarter under a new division of the company to be christened Monnet Cement.

Ambuja Cements, the countrys third-largest cement maker, plans to spend around US$ 756.3 million to expand its capacity to 24 mtpa from the current 19 mtpa by year-end to meet strong demand from the infrastructure sector.

Mergers and Acquisitions (M&As)

Dalmia Cement has increased its stake in OCL India to 45.4 per cent from 21.7 per cent at an investment of US$ 38.24 million as part of its plan to expand its footprint in eastern India.

In April 2010, French cement maker Vicat bought 51 per cent in Bharathi Cement. Ultratech Cement, the countrys second-largest cement maker and a part of Aditya Birla group is acquiring Dubai-based ETA Star Cement for an enterprise value of US$ 382.1 million.

Government Initiatives Government initiatives in the infrastructure sector, coupled with the housing sector boom and urban development, continue being the main drivers of growth for the Indian cement industry.

Increased infrastructure spending has been a key focus area. In the Union Budget 2010-11, US$ 37.4 billion has been provided for infrastructure development.

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The government has also increased budgetary allocation for roads by 13 per cent to US$ 4.3 billion.

Industry Background The history of the cement industry in India dates back to the 1889 when a Kolkata-based company started manufacturing cement from Argillaceous. But the industry started getting the organized shape in the early 1900s. In 1914, India Cement Company Ltd was established in Porbandar with a capacity of 10,000 tons and production of 1000 installed. The World War I gave the first initial thrust to the cement industry in India and the industry started growing at a fast rate in terms of production, manufacturing units, and installed capacity. This stage was referred to as the Nascent Stage of Indian Cement Industry. In 1927, Concrete Association of India was set up to create public awareness on the utility of cement as well as to propagate cement consumption. The cement industry in India saw the price and distribution control system in the year 1956, established to ensure fair price model for consumers as well as manufacturers. Later in 1977, government authorized new manufacturing units (as well as existing units going for capacity enhancement) to put a higher price tag for their products. A couple of years later, government introduced a three-tier pricing system with different pricing on cement produced in high, medium and low cost plants. Cement industry, in any country, plays a major role in the growth of the nation. Cement industry in India was under full control and supervision of the government. However, it got relief at a large extent after the economic reform. But government interference, especially in the pricing, is still evident in India. In spite of being the second largest cement producer in the world, India falls in the list of lowest per capita consumption of cement with 125 kg. The reason behind this is the poor rural people who mostly live in mud huts and cannot afford to have the commodity. Despite the fact, the demand and supply of cement in India has grown up. In a fast developing economy like India, there is always large possibility of expansion of cement industry.

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History of the origin of cement Early uses


It is uncertain where it was first discovered that a combination of hydrated nonhydraulic lime and a pozzolan produces a hydraulic mixture (see also: Pozzolanic reaction), but concrete made from such mixtures was first used on a large scale by Roman engineers.They used both natural pozzolans (trass or pumice) and artificial pozzolans (ground brick or pottery) in these concretes. Many excellent examples of structures made from these concretes are still standing, notably the huge monolithic dome of the Pantheon in Rome and the massive Baths of Caracalla The vast system of Roman aqueducts also made extensive use of hydraulic cement. The use of structural concrete disappeared in medieval Europe, although weak pozzolanic concretes continued to be used as a core fill in stone walls and columns.

Modern cement
Modern hydraulic cements began to be developed from the start of the Industrial Revolution (around 1800), driven by three main needs:

Hydraulic renders for finishing brick buildings in wet climates Hydraulic mortars for masonry construction of harbor works etc., in contact with sea water. Development of strong concretes.

In Britain particularly, good quality building stone became ever more expensive during a period of rapid growth, and it became a common practice to construct prestige buildings from the new industrial bricks, and to finish them with a stucco to imitate stone. Hydraulic limes were favored for this, but the need for a fast set time encouraged the development of new cements. Most famous was Parker's "Roman cement. This was developed by James Parker in the 1780s, and finally patented in 1796.

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It was, in fact, nothing like any material used by the Romans, but was a "Natural cement" made by burning septaria - nodules that are found in certain clay deposits, and that contain both clay minerals and calcium carbonate. The burnt nodules were ground to a fine powder. This product, made into a mortar with sand, set in 515 minutes. The success of"Roman Cement" led other manufacturers to develop rival products by burning artificial mixtures of clay and chalk. John Smeaton made an important contribution to the development of cements when he was planning the construction of the third Eddystone Lighthouse (1755-9) in the English Channel. He needed a hydraulic mortar that would set and develop some strength in the twelve hour period between successive high tides. He performed an exhaustive market research on the available hydraulic limes, visiting their production sites, and noted that the "hydraulicity" of the lime was directly related to the clay content of the limestone from which it was made. Smeaton was a civil engineer by profession, and took the idea no further. Apparently unaware of Smeaton's work, the same principle was identified by Louis Vicat in the first decade of the nineteenth century. Vicat went on to devise a method of combining chalk and clay into an intimate mixture, and, burning this, produced an "artificial cement" in 1817. James Frost, working in Britain, produced what he called "British cement" in a similar manner around the same time, but did not obtain a patent until 1822. In 1824, Joseph Aspdin patented a similar material, which he called Portland cement, because the render made from it was in color similar to the prestigious Portland stone. All the above products could not compete with lime/pozzolan concretes because of fastsetting (giving insufficient time for placement) and low early strengths (requiring a delay of many weeks before formwork could be removed). Hydraulic limes, "natural" cements and "artificial" cements all rely upon their belite content for strength development. Belite develops strength slowly. Because they were burned at temperatures below 1250 C, they contained no alite, which is responsible for early strength in modern cements. The first cement to consistently contain alite was made by

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Joseph Aspdin's son William in the early 1840s. This was what we call today "modern" Portland cement. Because of the air of mystery with which William Aspdin surrounded his product, others (e.g. Vicat and I C Johnson) have claimed precedence in this invention, but recent analysis of both his concrete and raw cement have shown that William Aspdin's product made at Northfleet, Kent was a true alite-based cement. However, Aspdin's methods were "rule-of-thumb": Vicat is responsible for establishing the chemical basis of these cements, and Johnson established the importance of sintering the mix in the kiln. William Aspdin's innovation was counter-intuitive for manufacturers of "artificial cements", because they required more lime in the mix (a problem for his father), because they required a much higher kiln temperature (and therefore more fuel) and because the resulting clinker was very hard and rapidly wore down the millstones which were the only available grinding technology of the time. Manufacturing costs were therefore considerably higher, but the product set reasonably slowly and developed strength quickly, thus opening up a market for use in concrete. The use of concrete in construction grew rapidly from 1850 onwards, and was soon the dominant use for cements. Thus Portland cement began its predominant role.

Types of modern cement


Portland cement
Cement is made by heating limestone (calcium carbonate), with small quantities of other materials (such as clay) to 1450C in a kiln, in a process known as calcination, whereby a molecule of carbon dioxide is liberated from the calcium carbonate to form calcium oxide, or quicklime, which is then blended with the other materials that have been included in the mix. The resulting hard substance, called 'clinker', is then ground with a small amount of gypsum into a powder to make 'Ordinary Portland Cement', the most commonly used type of cement (often referred to as OPC). Portland cement is a basic ingredient of concrete, mortar and most non-speciality grout. The most common use for Portland cement is in the production of concrete. Concrete is 18

a composite material consisting of aggregate (gravel and sand), cement, and water. As a construction material, concrete can be cast in almost any shape desired, and once hardened, can become a structural (load bearing) element. Portland cement may be gray or white.

Portland cement blends


These are often available as inter-ground mixtures from cement manufacturers, but similar formulations are often also mixed from the ground components at the concrete mixing plant. Portland blast furnace cement contains up to 70% ground granulated blast furnace slag, with the rest Portland clinker and a little gypsum. All compositions produce high ultimate strength, but as slag content is increased, early strength is reduced, while sulfate resistance increases and heat evolution diminishes. Used as an economic alternative to Portland sulfate-resisting and low-heat cements. Portland fly ash cement contains up to 30% fly ash. The fly ash is pozzolanic, so that ultimate strength is maintained. Because fly ash addition allows lower concrete water content, early strength can also be maintained. Where good quality cheap fly ash is available, this can be an economic alternative to ordinary Portland cement. Portland pozzolan cement includes fly ash cement, since fly ash is a pozzolan, but also includes cements made from other natural or artificial pozzolans. In countries where volcanic ashes are available (e.g. Italy, Chile, Mexico, the Philippines) these cements are often the most common form in use. Portland silica fume cement. Addition of silica fume can yield exceptionally high strengths, and cements containing 5-20% silica fume are occasionally produced. However, silica fume is more usually added to Portland cement at the concrete mixer. Masonry cements are used for preparing bricklaying mortars and stuccos, and must not be used in concrete. They are usually complex proprietary formulations containing

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Portland clinker and a number of other ingredients that may include limestone, hydrated lime, air entrainers, retarders, waterproofers and coloring agents. They are formulated to yield workable mortars that allow rapid and consistent masonry work. Subtle variations of Masonry cement in the US are Plastic Cements and Stucco Cements. These are designed to produce controlled bond with masonry blocks. Expansive cements contain, in addition to Portland clinker, expansive clinkers (usually sulfoaluminate clinkers), and are designed to offset the effects of drying shrinkage that is normally encountered with hydraulic cements. This allows large floor slabs (up to 60 m square) to be prepared without contraction joints. White blended cements may be made using white clinker and white supplementary materials such as high-purity metakaolin. Colored cements are used for decorative purposes. In some standards, the addition of pigments to produce "colored Portland cement" is allowed. In other standards (e.g. ASTM), pigments are not allowed constituents of Portland cement, and colored cements are sold as "blended hydraulic cements". Very finely ground cements are made from mixtures of cement with sand or with slag or other pozzolan type minerals which are extremely finely ground together. Such cements can have the same physical characteristics as normal cement but with 50% less cement particularly due to their increased surface area for the chemical reaction. Even with intensive grinding they can use up to 50% less energy to fabricate than ordinary Portland cements.

Non-Portland hydraulic cements


Pozzolan-lime cements. Mixtures of ground pozzolan and lime are the cements used by the Romans, and are to be found in Roman structures still standing (e.g. the Pantheon in Rome). They develop strength slowly, but their ultimate strength can be very high. The hydration products that produce strength are essentially the same as those produced by Portland cement.

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Slag-lime cements. Ground granulated blast furnace slag is not hydraulic on its own, but is "activated" by addition of alkalis, most economically using lime. They are similar to pozzolan lime cements in their properties. Only granulated slag (i.e. water-quenched, glassy slag) is effective as a cement component. Super sulfated cements. These contain about 80% ground granulated blast furnace slag, 15% gypsum or anhydrite and a little Portland clinker or lime as an activator. They produce strength by formation of ettringite, with strength growth similar to a slow Portland cement. They exhibit good resistance to aggressive agents, including sulfate. Calcium aluminate cements are hydraulic cements made primarily from limestone and bauxite. The active ingredients are monocalcium aluminate CaAl2O4 (CaO Al2O3 or CA in Cement chemist notation, CCN) and mayenite Ca12Al14O33 (12 CaO 7 Al2O3 , or C12A7 in CCN). Strength forms by hydration to calcium aluminate hydrates. They are well-adapted for use in refractory (high-temperature resistant) concretes, e.g. for furnace linings. Calcium sulfoaluminate cements are made from clinkers that include ye'elimite (Ca4(AlO2)6SO4 or C4A3 in Cement chemist's notation) as a primary phase. They are

used in expansive cements, in ultra-high early strength cements, and in "low-energy" cements. Hydration produces ettringite, and specialized physical properties (such as expansion or rapid reaction) are obtained by adjustment of the availability of calcium and sulfate ions. Their use as a low-energy alternative to Portland cement has been pioneered in China, where several million tonnes per year are produced. Energy requirements are lower because of the lower kiln temperatures required for reaction, and the lower amount of limestone (which must be endothermically decarbonated) in the mix. In addition, the lower limestone content and lower fuel consumption leads to a CO2 emission around half that associated with Portland clinker. However, SO2 emissions are usually significantly higher.

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"Natural" Cements correspond to certain cements of the pre-Portland era, produced by burning argillaceous limestones at moderate temperatures. The level of clay components in the limestone (around 30-35%) is such that large amounts of belite (the low-early strength, high-late strength mineral in Portland cement) are formed without the formation of excessive amounts of free lime. As with any natural material, such cements have highly variable properties. Geopolymer cements are made from mixtures of water-soluble alkali metal silicates and aluminosilicate mineral powders such as fly ash and metakaolin.

The setting of cement


Cement sets when mixed with water by way of a complex series of chemical reactions still only partly understood. The different constituents slowly crystallise and the interlocking of their crystals gives to cement its strength. Carbon dioxide is slowly absorbed to convert the portlandite (Ca(OH)2) into insoluble calcium carbonate. After the initial setting, immersion in warm water will speed up setting. In Portland cement, gypsum is added as a compound preventing cement flash setting.

Environmental and social impacts


Cement manufacture causes environmental impacts at all stages of the process. These include emissions of airborne pollution in the form of dust, gases, noise and vibration when operating machinery and during blasting in quarries, and damage to countryside from quarrying. Equipment to reduce dust emissions during quarrying and manufacture of cement is widely used, and equipment to trap and separate exhaust gases are coming into increased use. Environmental protection also includes the re-integration of quarries into the countryside after they have been closed down by returning them to nature or recultivating them.

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CO2 emissions
Cement manufacturing releases CO2 in the atmosphere both directly when calcium carbonate is heated, producing lime and carbon dioxide, and also indirectly through the use of energy, particularly if the energy is sourced from fossil fuels. The cement industry produces about 5% of global man-made CO2 emissions, of which 50% is from the chemical process, and 40% from burning fuel. The amount of CO2 emitted by the cement industry is nearly 900 kg of CO2 for every 1000 kg of cement produced. In certain applications, lime mortar, reabsorbs the CO2 chemically released in its manufacture, and has a lower energy requirement in production. Newly developed cement types from Novacem and Eco-cement can absorb carbon dioxide from ambient air during hardening.

Fuels and raw materials


A cement plant consumes 3 to 6 GJ of fuel per tonne of clinker produced, depending on the raw materials and the process used. Most cement kilns today use coal and petroleum coke as primary fuels, and to a lesser extent natural gas and fuel oil. Selected waste and by-products with recoverable calorific value can be used as fuels in a cement kiln, replacing a portion of conventional fossil fuels, like coal, if they meet strict specifications. Selected waste and by-products containing useful minerals such as calcium, silica, alumina, and iron can be used as raw materials in the kiln, replacing raw materials such as clay, shale, and limestone. Because some materials have both useful mineral content and recoverable calorific value, the distinction between alternative fuels and raw materials is not always clear. For example, sewage sludge has a low but significant calorific value, and burns to give ash containing minerals useful in the clinker matrix.

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COMPANY PROFILE

Sagar Cements Limited (SCL) is a Company of 25 Years standing, engaged in manufacture of Cement at its Plant in Mattampally, Nalgonda District, Andhra Pradesh. The first directors of the company are: 1. Mr. K. I. VidyaSagar, I.A.S. (Retd.) 2. Mrs. Leela VidyaSagar 3. Mr. Vijay Kumar Baldawa The Board of Directors of the company is: 1. Mr.S.Srinivas Reddy 2. Mr.S.Anand Reddy The Company is managed by a Board, whose members are highly competent and well known. The Senior Management team consists of highly qualified Professionals with rich experience in the area of their Specialization. The Company employs modern technology in each of its process of manufacture at its Plant and has adopted progressive manufacturing practices, whether it relates to maintaining high standards of quality of its products or development of its highly valued human resources or the need to keep the pollution to the barest minimum. The Company manufactures various varieties of cement like Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC) of 53 grade, 43 grade, Portland Pozzalona Cement (PPC) and Sulphate Resistant Cement (SRC) to suit different needs of customers and all these products are being sold under the Brand Name Sagar which has already become popular in Andhra Pradesh, has now found its acceptance among the customers in the neighboring States as well. The Company has a strong committed marketing network comprising various layers like Distributors, Dealers, C&F Agents, all of whom are served by dedicated marketing

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personnel. The Company has a well-designed Organizational Structure and the roles and responsibilities of each of its personnel have been well defined. The Company believes in the importance of development of Human Resources as a valuable asset and is endeavoring to enhance its value by organizing various need based in-house training programmes and encouraging their participation in the external programmes sponsored by various institutions of repute. Sagar Cements has a consistent Profit track record and, except for a few years when it was either executing its expansion plans or the industry as a whole was undergoing a difficult period, it has been declaring dividend at reasonable percentages. The companys Shares are listed on Hyderabad and Bombay Stock Exchanges, where they are actively traded. The Company which started its operation with a Cement capacity of 66000 TPA has gradually increased it to the level of 2.35 MTPA, while its Clinker capacity has also witnessed a significant increase from 66000 TPA in 1982 to present level of 2.10 MTPA. VISION To provide foundations for societys future MISSION To be the India's most respected and attractive company in our industry - creating value for all our stakeholders

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GROUP Sagar is well diversified group serving various sectors of the economy. The group constitutes of Sagar Cements Limited Production of Cement & Clinker Production of Cement & Clinker

Amareswari Cements Limited Sagar Power Limited Panchavati Polyfibers RV Consulting Sagarsoft (India) limited clients HISTORY

- Production of Hydel Power - Production of PP Fabric / Woven Sacks for Cements - Consulting for setting Cement Plants - www.sagarsoft.in- Software Services for global

CORPORATE GOVERNANCE Sagar Cements has set itself high standards of corporate governance, ensuring responsible and transparent company management to enable its long-term success.

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CODE OF CONDUCT: CODE OF CONDUCT AND ETHICS FOR DIRECTORS AND SENIOR MANAGEMENT TEAM Sagar Cements being committed to be a good corporate citizen conducts its business as per the applicable laws, rules, regulations and statutory guidelines as are in force and with highest standards of business ethics. It is expected of the Directors and Senior Management Team of the Company to comply with applicable laws, rules, regulations and guidelines while discharging their respective roles and to promote honesty in the process apart from abiding themselves by the policies and procedures laid down for the conduct of the business. The accounts of the Company will be maintained in a fare and accurate manner in accordance with the relevant accounting and financial reporting standards. CONFLICTS OF INTEREST A conflict situation is deemed to arise directly or indirectly when: It is difficult to exercise an independent judgment of the company's interest; A Director or a member of the Senior Management Team accepts any personal benefits or gifts or entertainment beyond the customary level either by himself or through his family as a result of his position in the company from any person / company with which the company may have business dealings; A Director or a member of the Senior Management Team engages in any other business activity that detracts his ability to devote appropriate time and attention to his responsibilities to the company; There exists a significant ownership interest with any supplier, customer or competitor of the company

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There is any employment relationship between a Director or a member of the Senior Management Team with any supplier, customer, business associate or competitor of the company. While it is expected of a member of the Board and the Senior Management Team to avoid generally the situations where the 'conflicts of interest' can be deemed to exit, in case of unavoidable conflict of interest, he should disclose all facts and circumstances thereof to the Board of Directors or any officer nominated for this purpose by the Board and a prior written approval should be obtained. FINANCIAL REPORTING AND RECORDS As the professional and ethical conduct in the matter of financial affairs is essential for the proper functioning of the company, the officers and employees engaged in the finance functions should act with honesty and integrity. The persons in-charge of finance and accounting function should prepare and maintain companys accounts fairly and accurately in accordance with generally accepted guidelines, principles, standards, laws and regulations applicable to the company. Internal accounting and audit procedures shall fairly and accurately reflect all of the company's business transactions and disposition of assets. There shall be no willful omissions of the company transactions from the books and records. Any willful material misrepresentation or misinformation on the financial accounts and reports shall be regarded as a violation of this code. PROTECTING COMPANY ASSETS The assets of the company should not be misused but employed only for the purpose of conducting the business for which they are authorized. All Directors and members of the Senior Management Team should strive to protect company's assets and property and ensure efficient use of them.

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PROMOTING INTEREST OF THE COMPANY Directors and Senior Management Team owe a duty to the company to promote its legitimate interests when the opportunity to do so arises. They should not use company's property, information or position for personal gains. All Directors and Senior Management Team of the company must strive to perform their best at all times. INTEGRITY AND HONESTY The Directors and Senior Management Team shall act in accordance with the highest standards of personal and professional integrity, honesty and ethical conduct. They shall act and conduct free from fraud and deception. Their conduct shall conform to the professional standards of conduct. FAIR DEAL Each Director and the member of Senior Management Team should deal fairly with customers, suppliers and competitors. He should not take unfair advantage of anyone through manipulation, concealment, abuse of confidential, proprietary or trade secret, information, misrepresentation of material facts, or any other unfair practices. HEALTH, SAFETY, ENVIRONMENT AND SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY Sagarsoft shall strive to provide a safe and healthy working environment and comply with all regulations regarding the preservation of the environment in and around its manufacturing facilities and other points of operations. The companies is committed to efficient use of natural resources and minimize any hazardous impact of the development, production, use and disposal of any of its products and services on the ecological environment. CONFIDENTIALITY The Directors and the Senior Management Team shall maintain utmost confidentiality of information or that of any customer, supplier or business associates of the company

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to which company has a duty to maintain confidentiality except when disclosure is authorized. The use of confidential information for his own advantage or profit is also prohibited. COMPLIANCES The Directors and the Senior Management Team shall comply with all applicable laws, rules and regulations. Transactions relating to sale or purchase of company's equity shares should not be undertaken without complying with the formalities contained in the company's code of internal procedures and conduct for prevention of insider trading. If any Director or Member of the Senior Management Team who knows of or suspects of any violation of applicable laws, rules or regulations or this Code of Conduct, he must immediately report the same to the Board of Directors or any designated person thereof. Such person should as far as possible provide the details of suspected violations with all known particulars relating to the issue. The company recognizes that resolving such problems or concerns will advance the overall interests of the company that will help to safeguard the companys assets, financial integrity and reputation. All Directors and Senior Management Team should adhere to the Code of Conduct and Ethics of the company. Violations of this Code of Ethics will result in disciplinary action, which may even include termination of services of the employee. The Board of Directors or any person designated by the Board for this purpose shall determine appropriate action in response to violations of this Code.

PRODUCTS
Cement is the basic and the most widely used building material. Twice as much Cement/Concrete is used worldwide than all other Building Materials. A Mixture of Limestone and Clay is ground and burnt at a very high temperature to form Clinker. The Clinker is ground to a fine powder with addition of Gypsum ( up to 5 %) to form Cement. The essential components of Cement are Lime, Silica, Alumina and Iron Oxide. 30

There are different types of Cement, which differ based on their chemical composition. However, the manufacturing process remains the same. Cement - Varieties There are different varieties of cement based on different compositions according to specific end uses, namely, Ordinary Portland Cement, Portland Puzzolona Cement, White Cement, Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement and Specialized Cement. The basic difference lies in the percentage of clinker used. Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) OPC, popularly known as grey cement, has 95 per cent clinker and 5 per cent gypsum and other materials. It accounts for 70 per cent of the total consumption. Portland Puzzolona Cement (PPC) PPC has 80 per cent clinker, 15 per cent Pozzalona and 5 per cent gypsum and accounts for 18 per cent of the total cement consumption. It is manufactured because it uses fly ash/burnt clay/coal waste as the main ingredient. White Cement White cement is basically OPC - clinker using fuel oil (instead of coal) with iron oxide content below 0.4 per cent to ensure whiteness. A special cooling technique is used in its production. It is used to enhance aesthetic value in tiles and flooring. White cement is much more expensive than grey cement.

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Portland Blast Furnace Slag Cement (PBFSC) PBFSC consists of 45 per cent clinker, 50 per cent blast furnace slag and 5 per cent gypsum and accounts for 10 per cent of the total cement consumed. It has a heat of hydration even lower than PPC and is generally used in construction of dams and similar massive constructions. Specialized Cement Oil Well Cement is made from clinker with special additives to prevent any porosity. Rapid Hardening Portland cement Rapid Hardening Portland Cement is similar to OPC, except that it is ground much finer, so that on casting, the compressible strength increases rapidly. Water Proof Cement Water Proof Cement is similar to OPC, with small portion of calcium stearate or nonsaponifibale oil to impart waterproofing properties.

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CONTACT Like any other standard company, Sagar Cements Limited too believes that the employees are the most important assets to the company. Our 3000 trained and professional employees make the toughest targets possible. We too care for them in every way so that they can have total job satisfaction while putting efforts to serve the end users in a best possible way. Sagar Cements Limited Registered Office Plot No. 205 Road No. 14 Jubilee Hills Hyderabad - 500 033 Administrative Office 8-2-472/B/2 Road No. 1 Banjara Hills, Hyderabad - 500 034 Factory Mattampally Via Huzurnagar Nalgonda District Andhra Pradesh - 508 024

INTRODUCTION
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A small, privately held organization in Ohio was interested in positioning itself for growth. They needed to attract and retain some very specialized talent to continue their business success. Without this talent, the organization would not be able to maintain its past achievements and certainly could not expand its operations into new markets. It was time to focus on the work force needs and issues while creating a top employer in the region. CHALLENGE With minimal support to the Human Resource function, this client was challenged with where to start work on their people issues. Findley Davies recommended on audit which would review all current HR policies and practices to determine: Which Best practices should be implemented to better position the organization to achieve its goals. Which practices or lack of practices might place the organization at risk for compliance or regulatory violations. Process improvements that will support HR in providing the highest quality service to employees. HR Audit begins with a data and documentation request that require the company to gather many of their policy manuals, benefits descriptions and other employee communications. The audit team then met with the HR and Finance staff to gain a better understanding of the current practices as well as identify other issues in the organizations.

The Audit report identified and prioritized recommendations in six key areas:

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1. General HR Structure 2. Policies and Procedures. 3. Employee life cycle (Attraction, Recruitment, Hiring, Orientation, Termination) 4. Performance evaluation and Training. 5. Compensation and Benefits Administration. 6. Employee communication The HR Audit was delivered to the companys management team as a detailed report and then presented to the executives in a summary format. It included a number of recommendations to improve their ability to attract and retain talent. Human Resource Audits or used to evaluate HR policies and practices. An audit can help to evaluate the effectiveness of programs and services. The delivery of these programs and services by HR and opportunities to enhance, change or remove programs and processes. An Audit is used to determine what processes are strong, what processes will need attention. An HR Audit is used to identify problems and find solutions in an attempt to address problems before they become unmanageable. It is an opportunity to assess what an organization is doing right, as well as how things might be done differently, more efficiently or with reduced costs. It can be used to create a plan for development of an HR departments functions. OBJECTIVES It reviews the system of acquiring, developing, allocating and utilization of Human Resources in the organization. To evaluate the extent to which the line managers have implemented the policies and programs initiated by the top management towards HR. To review the HR System in comparision with other organizations needs and modify them to meet the challenges of Human Resource Management.

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To locate the gaps, lapses, short comings in the implementation of the policies, procedures, practices, directives of the HR department and to know the areas where non-implementation has hindered the planned programs and activities.

To evaluate the effectiveness of various HR policies & practices and HR staff. To seek answers to such questions as What happened?, Why it happened? or Why it did not happen? while implementing policies, practices and directives in Human Resources.

NEED The need of the audit is to reveal the strengths and weaknesses in the organizations Human Resource System, and any issues needing resolution. The audit works best when the focus is on analyzing and improving the HR function in organization. Top management can look solutions to the problems, issues and challenges in Human Resource Development, to face business competition and to achieve organization goals. SCOPE HR Audit scope is limited, to the organization and employees and their collective data. The extent and boundaries of the audit in terms of factors such as physical location and organizational activities as well as the manner of reporting. The scope of the audit is determined by the management and organization. The resources committed to the audit should be sufficient to meet its intended scope. Whenever the HR audit is taken up, the scope is decided. Audit need not be exhaustive, but should be focused on particular functions of Human Resource Management such as Training and Development, Performance Appraisal, Compensation extra. However the objective and approach of HR Audit, more or less remains the same, regardless of scope.

An HR Audit entails

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1. Legal compliance There are litanies of local, state and federal regulations governing how a company operates. These laws vary by the number of employees a company has from 1 to 1,000 or more. To maintain legal compliance and avoid penalties, companies need to be aware of what the regulations are and how they impact the organization. Strategic HR inc. can assist with your Legal Compliance by:

Conducting a human resources audit to determine compliance and areas for improvement Conducting investigations for potential harassment situations Developing or updating policies to ensure compliance with legislation

2. Compensation/Salary Administration:

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Total compensation includes not only direct pay but also indirect compensation including insurance and retirement benefits and time off programs. The Texas Legislature sets eligibility requirements for these benefits and programs, based on the definition of regular employee. A regular employee is one who is listed in the position identification database for 50 percent or more time for at least four and one-half months, excluding students employed in positions that require student status as a condition for employment. Specific eligibility requirements for various programs appear in the appropriate policies and regulations. Each CEO shall establish and communicate salary administration rules, procedures and pay plans for all categories of positions, except Board-appointed positions, existing in his/her component. These rules and pay plans should address internal equity, objective and fair treatment, competitiveness with the appropriate external markets, and compliance with appropriate federal and state laws. Pay plans must interface with the Budget/Payroll/Personnel (B/P/P) system design.

3. Employment/Recruiting: Employee recruitment forms a major part of an organization's overall resourcing strategies, which identify and secure people needed for the organization to survive and succeed in the short to medium-term. Recruitment activities need to be responsive to the ever-increasingly competitive market to secure suitably qualified and capable recruits at all levels. To be effective these initiatives need to include how and when to source the best recruits internally or externally. Common to the success of either are; well-defined organizational structures with sound job design, robust task and person specification and versatile selection processes, reward, employment relations and human resource policies, underpinned by a commitment for strong employer branding and employee engagement and on boarding strategies. Internal recruitment can provide the most cost-effective source for recruits if the potential of the existing pool of employees has been enhanced through training, development and other performance-enhancing activities such as performance appraisal,

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succession planning and development centers to review performance and assess employee development needs and promotional potential. Increasingly, securing the best quality candidates for almost all organizations relies, at least occasionally if not substantially, on external recruitment methods. Rapidly changing business models demand skill and experience that cannot be sourced or rapidly enough developed from the existing employee base. It would be unusual for an organization to undertake all aspects of the recruitment process without support from third-party dedicated recruitment firms. This may involve a range of support services, such as; provision of CVs or resumes, identifying recruitment media, advertisement design and media placement for job vacancies, candidate response handling, short listing, conducting aptitude testing, preliminary interviews or reference and qualification verification. Typically, small organizations may not have in-house resources or, in common with larger organizations, may not possess the particular skill-set required to undertake a specific recruitment assignment. Where requirements arise, these are referred on an ad hoc basis to government job centers or commercially run employment agencies. Except in sectors where high-volume recruitment is the norm, an organization faced with sudden, unexpected requirements for an unusually large number of new recruits often delegates the task to a specialist external recruiter. Sourcing executive-level and senior management as well as the acquisition of scarce or high-potential recruits has been a long-established market serviced by a wide range of search and selection or headhunting consultancies, which typically form long-standing relationships with their client organizations. Finally, certain organizations with sophisticated HR practices have identified there is a strategic advantage in outsourcing complete responsibility for all workforce procurement to one or more third-party recruitment agencies or consultancies. In the most sophisticated of these arrangements the external recruitment services provider may not only physically locate, or embed, their resourcing team(s) in the client organization's offices, but work in tandem with the senior human resource management team in developing the longer-term HR resourcing strategy and plan.

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4. Orientation New employee orientation effectively integrates the new employee into your organization and assists with retention, motivation, job satisfaction, and quickly enabling each individual to become contributing members of the work team. Two questions need to be answered in regards to the orientation of a new employee: 1. Who will orientate the new employee? 2. What should be covered during orientation? One person should be in charge of handling orientation. Generally, this will be the owner/operator; however, on large farm operations, another employee may specifically be responsible for orientating all new employees. Having just one individual in charge of orientation ensures a consistent message to new employees. The orientation of a new employee can involve several people even though one person has overall responsibility. Information covered will change from farm to farm, but a basic core of material should be discussed with the new employee, including such specific characteristics of the farm as layout of operation, other employees, history, mission, goals, and role of the employee. This kind of information provides the "big picture" of the farm to the employee. Personnel policies including probationary period, disciplinary actions, work schedule, safety rules, and use of equipment also need to be covered. New employees are always interested in their benefits. Items such as pay, pay day, vacation, sick leave, and other benefits should be covered. Discuss specific responsibilities the new employee will be assigned, how the job relates to other work on the farm, and safety rules. Finally, be sure to introduce the new employee to the farm management team, including family members and other employees. It is helpful to develop an employee handbook so policies and benefits can be accessible and clear to both employer and employee. Answer all of the immediate questions that the new employee might have. It is important to develop open, two-way lines of communication between the employer and 40

employee right from the beginning. Consider the time spent for orientation as an investment for both you and the employee. Clear, well-defined expectations will pay dividends and reduce possible misunderstandings between employer and employee. By orientating the new employee properly, a smooth transition can be made to the next step--training. Orientation can make the difference in your employee feeling part of your "team" or not. Proven benefits of an effective orientation are:

better understanding of job functions higher level of motivation improved learning curve improved employee retention rate ultimately improved productivity for the organization

Human Resource Management Services conducts an employee orientation session for new state employees at the beginning of every month. Following are some of the topics on which new employees are briefed:

Health Plan Retirement Benefits Life Insurance Options Flex Comp Plan Employee Assistance Program Sexual Harassment Americans with Disabilities Act Holidays Annual, Sick, Family Medical, and Funeral Leave Personnel Records Drug-Free Workplace Conflict of Interest Alternative Dispute Resolution

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The appointing authority or supervisor has responsibility to orient the new employee on:

Job duties, responsibilities, and expectations or goals Probationary period Hours of work and FLSA status Agency and/or work unit policies Employee Assistance Program Safety issues Agency mission and organization

It is the responsibility of the agency payroll clerk or human resource officer to cover the following topics:

Payroll information and completion of forms Insurance, retirement, and flex comp benefits and completion of forms Other benefits such as leave, holidays, etc.

To ensure that various topics are addressed in employee orientation, you may wish to use the SFN 19452 Employee Orientation Checklist. The wealth of information to be learned in a new environment can be overwhelming for a new employee. The purpose of the orientation program is to provide the employee with the information to make those first days of new employment easier. The following guidelines will help make the orientation for a new employee successful:

Focus on the job and those aspects that are most important, such as the day-today events that an employee needs to know to get up to speed and be a part of the team. Dont explain everything about the agency on the first day. Those types of things can be learned over time.

Pull together a set of orientation materials including work unit and/or agency organizational charts, an employee handbook, job description, information on benefits, etc.

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The supervisor should follow up with the employee on a regular basis to monitor how the employee is doing and the effectiveness of the orientation.

5. Terminations Termination of employment is the end of an employee's duration with an employer. Depending on the case, the decision may be made by the employee, the employer, or mutually agreed upon by both. Employees leave your organization for good reasons and bad reasons. On the positive side, they find new opportunities, go back to school, retire or land their dream job. Less positively, they are fired for poor performance or poor attendance or experience a layoff because of a business downturn. In each instance, you need an employment termination checklist to help the employee exit process go smoothly. Here's a sample employment termination checklist. There are two types of terminations in human resource management. There are Voluntary termination Voluntary termination is a decision made by the employee to leave the job. Such a decision is commonly known as "resignation," "quitting," "leaving," or" giving notice." Some common reasons for voluntary termination include:

Personal dissatisfaction with job, employer, hours, or working conditions, or in more severe cases, burnout.

Factors in employee's personal life not related to the job that makes holding or performing the job impossible or more difficult. These may include family obligations, education, health, or moving to a new location.

Hire at a new job. Reasons for wanting a different job may be better working conditions, better hours, a shorter distance to work, better pay, graduation, career progression or preparation for entry into a new career, or a career change.

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Feared or anticipated involuntary termination. The employee may wish to take matters into his/her own hands in order to leave more honorably. This is also known as mutual consent in some parts.

Retirement. This may be as a result of the employee's age (which may vary, depending on job type and benefits available following retirement) or else an injury, disability, or other medical condition forcing early retirement.

Depending on the employee's reason, comfort with the employer, and dedication to the job, voluntary termination may be sudden and abrupt without warning to the employer, or with a certain amount of notice given. Generally, employers prefer that a departing employee provide at least some notice to the employer, often at least two weeks, this often called a two-week notice. Those in compliance with this requirement are more likely to be rehired by the same employer in the future, to receive their full benefits from the employer, and to get a better reference for future employers. Involuntary termination Involuntary termination is the employee's departure at the hands of the employer. There are two basic types of involuntary termination, known often as being "fired" and "laid off." To be fired, as opposed to being laid off, is generally thought of to be the employee's fault, and therefore is considered in most cases to be dishonorable and a sign of failure. Often, it may hinder the new job-seeker's chances of finding new employment, particularly if he/she has been fired from earlier jobs. Job-seekers sometimes do not mention jobs which they were fired from on their rsums; accordingly, unexplained gaps in employment and refusal to contact previous employers are often regarded as red flags. Dismissal Dismissal is the employer's choice to let the employee leave, generally for a reason which is the fault of the employee. The most common colloquial term for dismissal in America is being fired whereas in Britain the term 'getting the sack' is used.

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Layoff A less severe form of involuntary termination is often referred to as a layoff (also redundancy or being made redundant in British English). A layoff is usually not strictly related to personal performance, but instead due to economic cycles or the company's need to restructure itself, the firm itself is going out of business, or due to a change in the function of the employer (for example, a certain type of product or service is no longer offered by the company, and therefore jobs related to that product or service are no longer needed). One type of layoff is the aggressive layoff. In such a situation, the employee is laid off for a just cause, but not replaced as the job is eliminated. In a postmodern risk economy, such as that of the United States, a large proportion of workers may be laid off at some time in their life, and often for reasons unrelated to performance or ethics. However, employment termination can also result from a probation period, in which both the employee and the employer reach an agreement that the employer is allowed to lay off the employee if the probation period is not satisfied. Often, layoffs occur as a result of "downsizing", "reduction in force" or "redundancy". These are not technically classified as firings; laid-off employees jobs are terminated and not re-filled, because either the company wishes to reduce its size or operations, or otherwise lacks the economic stability to retain the position. In some cases, a laid-off employee may be offered a re-hire by his/her respective company, though by this time, s/he may have found a new job. Some companies resort to attrition (voluntary redundancy in British English) as a means to reduce their workforce. Under such a plan, no employees are forced to leave their jobs. However, those who do depart voluntarily are not replaced. Additionally, employees are given the option to resign in exchange for a fixed amount of money, frequently a few years of their salary. Such plans have been carried out by the United States Federal Government under President Bill Clinton during the 1990s and by the Ford Motor Company in 2005.

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However layoff may be specifically addressed and defined differently in the articles of a contract in the case of union work. Termination by mutual agreement Some terminations occur as a result of mutual agreement between the employer and employee. When this happens, it is sometimes debatable if the termination was truly mutual. In many of these cases, it was originally the employer's wish for the employee to depart, but the employer offered the mutual termination agreement in order to soften the firing (as in a forced resignation). But there are also times when a termination date is agreed upon before the employment starts (as in an employment contract). Some types of termination by mutual agreement include:

The end of an employment contract for a specified period of time (such as an internship) Mandatory retirement. Some occupations, such as commercial airline pilots, face mandatory retirement at a certain age. Forced resignation

5. Training and Development Training and Development is a subsystem of an organization. It ensures that randomness is reduced and learning or behavioral change takes place in structured format.
TRADITIONAL AND MODERN APPROACH OF TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT

Traditional Approach Most of the organizations before never used to believe in training. They were holding the traditional view that managers are born and not made. There were also some views that training is a very costly affair and not worth. Organizations used to believe more in executive pinching. But now the scenario seems to be changing. The modern approach of training and development is that Indian Organizations have

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realized the importance of corporate training. Training is now considered as more of retention tool than a cost. The training system in Indian Industry has been changed to create a smarter workforce and yield the best results
TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT OBJECTIVES

The principal objective of training and development division is to make sure the availability of a skilled and willing workforce to an organization. In addition to that, there are four other objectives: Individual, Organizational, Functional, and Societal.
Individual Objectives

help employees in achieving their personal goals, which in turn,

enhances the individual contribution to an organization.


Organizational Objectives

assist the organization with its primary objective by bringing

individual effectiveness.
Functional Objectives

maintain the departments contribution at a level suitable to the

organizations needs.
Societal Objectives

ensure that an organization is ethically and socially responsible to the

needs and challenges of the society. 7. Employee Relations Welcome to the Employee Relations division of the Office of Human Resources Management. The company is committed to promoting a productive and positive work environment for all of its employees. In support of this, the office of Employee Relations offers a variety of services.

Consulting with individuals and departments to foster a positive and productive work environment.

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Providing coaching and training regarding the companys performance management system. Advising and training departments on corrective actions and administering the companys progressive disciplinary process. Advising individuals and departments on matters and policies related to employee relations and employee rights. Supporting the campus community through administrative processes including disputes, grievances, charges, and appeals related to various employee relations issues.

Investigating and resolving complaints and charges of discrimination, sexual harassment, retaliation or other work related complaints. Providing conflict resolution options including: facilitation, mediation and training.

If you need to discuss a matter with Employee Relations staff, confidentiality will be maintained to the extent possible. Some issues may require further investigation or consultation with other campus departments. In such cases, information will only be shared with other individuals on a need-to-know basis. The Employee Relations Discipline concerns the relationship of employees with the organization and with each other. It includes the processes of developing, implementing, administering and analyzing the employer-employee relationship; performing ongoing evaluation of it; managing employee performance; ensuring that relations with employees comply with applicable federal, state and local laws and regulations; and resolving workplace disputes. It also includes matters that focus on HR careers, communications, legal and regulatory issues, technology, metrics and outsourcing in the employee relations field, as well as effective employee relations practices and global employee relations issues. It does not include matters involving union organizing, union elections, collective bargaining and ongoing union-management relations, which are encompassed in the Labor Relations Discipline.

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8. Communications If the company is involved in employee communication then they already know that one of the most important aspects of employee communication today is measurement. But so much of that measurement is focused on whether employees access the tools organizations use to communicate with them. The company knows that the questions such as do they read the newsletter, do they access the corporate blog, and do they find the information sessions interesting. None of these questions prove that the employee communication tools measure engagement which is what every CEO wants to know. There is one key reason that the companies are measuring the acceptance of communication tools, not measuring employee communication strategy. So here's what the companies do. Every organization conducts market research surveys. These surveys typically measure customer satisfaction levels across services and products provided by your organization. Sometimes they even ask questions about competitor products and services. Organizations then take that information and work towards improving the rating they received by introducing improvements to services, products and information. Typically the result demonstrates disparity between what customers think and what employees think customers think. Once you have the difference measured between perception and reality then you have the opportunity to commence dialogue about with your employees about what customers really think. Most importantly it allows you to design employee communication strategies specifically to target that business issue. So now you have a business and know the key messages for your employee communication strategy. One year on when the customer survey is conducted, you ask the same questions and again do the same with the staff survey. What you seek to find is that the measure of the perception staff have of what customers think and what customers actually think have moved closer together and towards the

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organizations desired outcome. This becomes your business measure of whether you have engaged employees. This information is important because your ultimate aim in employee communication has to be to create the "Aha Moment". The Aha Moment is based on information that challenges the employee's belief about an aspect of the business. The information that suddenly helps employees say, "Now it makes sense", "Now I understand", "Now I can do something about it". It is only once you see this gap close between what customers actually think about an issue and what employees think the customer thinks that you have a measure that demonstrates your employee communication engagement strategy has been successful. If the gap still exists then the design of your employee communication strategy is flawed in someway. Finally, it is important that we measure employee communication tools such as readership of our staff magazine, access of our intranet and other tools. However the only way to impact perceptions of the value that the employee communication function contributes to an organization is to measure engagement strategies against business outcomes. This approach to measurement is low cost. The investment in the human resources staff survey and the marketing departments' customer research is already locked in. You are simply adding 10 questions to the end of the human resources survey based on the marketing questions. The engagement strategies are generally low cost because they involve people, not tools. By this I mean that employees are involved in doing something differently to bring about change in an organization. The staff newsletter and other information tools already exist; all you do is tailor the articles to reflect the main focus of your employee engagement strategy. This low cost yet highly effective approach will ensure that you can measure your employee communication strategies against business outcomes.

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9. Files/Record maintenance technology The university uses and maintaining a records management system that is secure from unauthorized access, damage and misuse. The system captures and supports records that are accurate, authentic, accessible, useable, retained, and regular operation and is managed in compliance with all requirements arising from current business processes, the regulatory environment and community expectations. The record management system: creator Protects the records from unauthorized alteration or disposition Routinely functions as the primary source of information about actions that are Provides ready access to all relevant records and related metadata. Routinely captures all records within the scope of the business activities of Griffith Organizes the records in a way to reflect the business processes of the records

University:

documented in the records: and

Control measures, such as access monitoring, user verification authorized destruction and security are implemented to prevent unauthorized access, destruction alteration or removal of records. 10. Policies and procedures (including employee hand book) Policies, handbooks and procedures provide guidance for fair and consistent staff treatment. They are most useful when applied as guidelines rather than as rules and laws. Straight-forward, clear and concise HR policies and job descriptions are important for a number of reasons. Failing to implement policies and job descriptions leaves your company open to legal challenges, grievances and lawsuits, especially if you

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inconsistently apply your human resources policies and your pay structure/system. Grievances and lawsuits lead to:

Increased costs that affect your profits Increased turnover Negative morale

Your company will avoid these problems if you implement hr policies, procedures and job descriptions and you can easily do this if you download our sample job descriptions and hr policies. Your company needs human resources policies and procedures and current job descriptions so that your staffs are treated equally across a variety of employment issues. In addition, human resource polices help if legal situations arise. Our products and services are ideally suited for:

Small Business Owners Managers HR Professionals HR Consultants Lawyers

Small businesses often scramble for resources when compiling staffing information, contracts, developing HR policies and procedures and writing job descriptions. In addition, many large companies have dated policies, procedures and job descriptions that no longer reflect the reality of today's business world. Companies looking for fresh ideas and a fresh start to can find what they are looking for with our sample hr policies and sample job descriptions

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LIMITATIONS The audit works best when the focus is on analyzing and improving the HR The audit itself is a diagnostic tool, not a prescriptive document. It will help you identify what you are missing or need to improve, but it cant tell It is most useful when an organization is ready to act on the findings and to evolve

function in the organization.-if not it is a tooth less document.

you what you need to do to address these issues. its HR function to a level where its full potential to support the organizations mission and objectives can be realized. The audit information may or may not be accurate. Though the information gathered from the employees who are working in the organization may or may not reveal the truth. There is a chance of gathering false information. time Time taking element depends upon the employees working in the organization. If they permit us our work concludes shortly. Otherwise, it may move for a long period of

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1. COMMUNICATION (A) Employees generally feels informed about changes that affect them within company. ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 2 3 6 80 4 95 PERCENTAGES 2.105 3.160 6.315 84.210 4.210 100

GRAPH:

90 80 70 60 Number of 50 Respondents 40 30 20 10 0

Number of respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION:

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According to the above table, 84.2% of employees are feeling that the company is informing that affect them within the company. It denotes that the company is taking care of their employees.

1. (B) Employees usually know about the important things that happen within the company

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 4 6 3 80 2 95

PERCENTAGES 4.210 6.315 3.160 84.210 2.105 100

GRAPH:
90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Number of Respondents

Number of respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree No Disagree opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION:

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According to the above table, 84.2 % of employees feel that they usually know about the important things that happen with in the company. It shows that the employees are aware of the things that happen within the company.

1. (C) Employees can see the link between their work and objectives

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 3 2 4 80 6 95

PERCENTAGES 3.160 2.105 4.210 84.216 6.315 100

GRAPH:
90 80 70 60 Number of 50 Respondents 40 30 20 10 0

Number of respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION:

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According to the above table, 84.2% of employees can see the link between their work and the companys objectives. It shows that the employees can see the difference between their work and companys objectives.

1(D). Managers communicate clear objectives for the company to achieve...

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 6 4 2 80 3 95

PERCENTAGES 6.315 4.210 2.105 84.210 3.160 100

GRAPH:
90 80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree No Disagree opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 84.2% of employees feel that the manager communicate clear objectives for the company to achieve. It denotes that there is an open communication between managers and employees.

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2. SATISFACTION (A) Considering every thing, employees are satisfied at the company. ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 6 4 51 29 95 PERCENTAGES 5.263 6.315 4.210 53.686 30.526 100

GRAPH:
60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree
Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 53.6% of employees answers as agree, 30.5% employees answers that they are strongly agree that they are satisfied at the company. It denotes that most of the employees are very much satisfied at the company.

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2(B) Employees find their work challenging.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 3 6 7 46 33 95

PERCENTAGES 3.160 6.315 7.368 48.421 34.736 100

GRAPH:

50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 48.4% of employees hangs on to the opinion as agree, 34.4% of employees found that their work is challenging. It shows that the employees are very much committed to the work that the company is assigned to do.

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2(C) Employees like the kind of work they do.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 8 7 10 60 10 95

PERCENTAGES 8.421 7.368 10.526 63.157 10.526 100

GRAPH:
70 60 50 Number of 40 Respondents 30 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 63.1% of employees feel that they like the kind of work that they are doing in the company 10.5 % of employees feels those they strongly agree that they like their work.

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2(D) Employees working conditions are good.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 3 6 10 62 14 95

PERCENTAGES 3.160 6.315 10.528 65.263 14.734 100

GRAPH:
70 60 50 Number of 40 Respondents 30 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 65.2 % of employees votes as agree, 14.7% of employees votes as strongly agree that the working conditions in the company are good.

3. TRAINING

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(A)Employees get the training they need to do their job well.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 8 12 50 20 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 8.421 12.631 52.631 21.054 100

GRAPH:
60 50 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree 40
Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 52.6% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company is providing the training that they need to do their job well. Overall, 73% of employees agrees that the company is providing essential training to do their job well.

3(B) Employees aware of available training and development activities..

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ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 5 15 45 25 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 5.263 15.789 47.370 26.315 100

GRAPH:
50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 47.3% of employees votes as agree, 26.3% of employees votes as strongly agree that they are aware of available training and development activities. It shows that the company is informing the employees about the training and development activities that are providing to them.

3(C) Employees gave a real opportunity to improve their skills in this company.

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ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 7 8 10 52 18 95

PERCENTAGES 7.368 8.421 10.528 54.736 18.947 100

GRAPH:
60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 54.7% of employees votes as agree, 18.9% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company is giving real opportunities to improve their skills. It denotes that the most of the employees are skilled in this company.

3(D) Employees training meets they needs for their current job.

ATTRIBUTES

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS

PERCENTAGES

64

1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

5 7 8 55 20 95

5.263 7.368 8.421 57.894 21.054 100

GRAPH:
60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 57.8% of employees votes as agree 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that their training meets their needs for their current job. It shows that the training providing by the company is helping the employees to meet their needs.

4. CAREER (A) Employees believes there are a variety of ways for them to develop their carrier at company

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ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 2 3 35 45 10 95

PERCENTAGES 2.105 3.160 36.840 47.370 10.525 100

GRAPH:
50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 47.3% of employees votes as agree, 10.5% of employees votes as strongly agree that they believe there are a variety of ways for them to develop their career at company.36.8% of employees are in panic, that they are not aware of possible ways for them to develop their career at company.

4(B) Job promotions with in the company are fair and reasonable.

ATTRIBUTES

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS

PERCENTAGES

66

1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

2 8 16 54 15 95

2.105 8.421 16.843 56.842 15.789 100

GRAPH:
60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 56.8% of employees votes as agree, 15.7% of employees votes as strongly agree that the job promotions within the company are fair and reasonable. 16.8% of employees feel that the job promotions are unfair. It denotes that there is a slight variation in job promotion activities. \ 4(C) Employees are aware of promotion opportunities within company.

ATTRIBUTES

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS

PERCENTAGES

67

1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

6 9 15 45 20 95

6.315 9.476 15.789 47.368 21.052 100

GRAPH:
50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 47.3% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that they are aware of promotion opportunities within the company. 15.7% of employees have no idea about the promotion opportunities within the company.

4(D) Employees have the opportunities within company

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 1

PERCENTAGES 1.052

68

2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

4 10 60 20 95

4.210 10.528 63.158 21.052 100

GRAPH:
70 60 50 Number of 40 Respondents 30 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 63.1% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that they have opportunities to progress with in the company. It shows that company is providing necessary opportunities to progress for the employees.

5. COMPANY (A) Company is innovative in developing new ways to serve their customers..

ATTRIBUTES

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS

PERCENTAGES

69

1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

2 3 10 50 30 95

2.105 3.157 10.526 52.633 31.579 100

GRAPH:
60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to above table, 52.6% of employees votes as agree, 31.5% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company is innovative in developing in new ways to serve their customers. It shows that the employees are aware of companys innovative aspects.

5(B) Companys image is that of high quality company.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 4 8

PERCENTAGES 4.210 8.421

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3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

8 40 35 95

8.421 42.108 36.840 100

GRAPH:
45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 42.1% of employees votes as agree, 36.8% of employees votes as strongly agree that the companys image is that of a high quality company.

5(C) Companys work performs its business operations to a high standard...

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 5 5

PERCENTAGES 5.263 5.263 5.263

71

4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

50 30 95

52.632 31.579 100

GRAPH:
60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 52.6% of employees votes as agree, 31.5% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company is performing its business operations to a high standard. It denotes that the company is upgrading their technology within a short period of time.

5(D) The work policies are well developed and organized...

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 1 2 7 70

PERCENTAGES 1.052 2.105 7.368 73.686

72

5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

15 95

15.789 100

GRAPH:
80 70 60 50 Number of 40 Respondents 30 20 10 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 73.6% of employees votes as agree, 15.7% of employees votes as strongly agree that the companys work policies are well developed and organized.

6. APPRAISALS (A) Manager holds employees accountable for the work that they do..

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 4 6 15

PERCENTAGES 4.210 6.315 15.789

73

4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

45 25 95

47.368 26.318 100

GRAPH:
50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 47.3% of employees votes as agree, 26.3% of employees votes as strongly agree that the manager holds them accountable for the work that they do. It shows that the manager is efficient for assigning the job to employees.

6(B) Manager provides employees with adequate feed back.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 2 3 20 52 18

PERCENTAGES 2.105 3.160 21.052 54.736 18.947

74

TOTAL

95

100

GRAPH:
60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number Of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 54.7% of employees votes as agree, 18.9% of employees votes as strongly agree that the manager provides them with adequate feedback. 21% of employees feel that the manager doesnt provide them adequate feedback

6(C) Employees have clear measure for each of their objectives..

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 4 8 12 50 21 95

PERCENTAGES 4.210 8.421 12.630 52.634 22.105 100

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GRAPH:
60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree No Disagree opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 52.6% of employees votes as agree, 22.1% of employees votes as strongly agree that they have clear measures for each of their objectives. It denotes that the employees are working in the company according to their objectives.

6(D) Employees know what is expected of them in their job.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 5 20 40 25 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 5.263 21.054 42.102 26.318 100

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GRAPH:
45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

5.Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 42.1% of employees votes as agree, 26.3% of employees votes as strongly agree that they know what is expected of them in their job. It shows that the employees are aware and working according to the companys objectives.

7. RECOGNITION (A) Hard work is usually rewarded at my company.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 5 15 30 40 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 5.263 15.789 31.583 42.102 100

GRAPH: 77

45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 31.5% of employees votes as agree, 42.1% of employees votes as strongly agree that the hard work is usually rewarded at their company. It denotes that the employees working in the company are hard working.

7(B) Employees receive enough recognition for work that they do.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 3 12 10 38 32 95

PERCENTAGES 3.160 12.631 10.525 40.000 33.684 100

GRAPH:

78

40 35 30 25 Number of 20 Respondents 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 40% of employees votes as agree, 33.6% of employees votes as strongly agree that they receive enough recognition for work that they do in the company. It shows that the companys commitment towards hardworking employees in case of recognition.

7(C) If Employees does a good job, they have a better chance of getting ahead.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 1 4 12 58 20 95

PERCENTAGES 1.052 4.210 12.634 61.052 21.052 100

GRAPH:

79

70 60 50 Number of 40 Respondents 30 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 61% of employees votes as agree, 21%of employees votes as strongly agree that if they do a good job they have a better chance of getting ahead in the employment.

7(D) Employees are recognized, whenever they do a good job.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 2 2 6 60 25 95

PERCENTAGES 2.105 2.105 6.315 63.160 26.315 100

GRAPH:

80

70 60 50 Number of 40 Respondents 30 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 63.1% of employees votes as agree, 26.3% of employees votes as strongly agree that they are recognized whenever they do a good job.

8. MANAGEMENT (A) Manager helps employees to get ahead at their job.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 7 8 15 35 30 95

PERCENTAGES 7.368 8.421 15.789 36.842 31.580 100

GRAPH:

81

40 35 30 25 Number of 20 Respondents 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 36.8% of employees votes as agree, 31.5% of employees votes as strongly agree that the manager helps them to get ahead at their job. But 15.7% of employees have no opinion that the manager helps them to get ahead at their job.

8(B) The relation between management and employees is good.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 4 8 13 42 28 95

PERCENTAGES 4.213 8.421 13.684 44.210 29.475 100

GRAPH:

82

45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 44.2% of employees votes as agree, 29.4% of employees votes as strongly agree that the relationship between management and employees is good. It denotes that there is a good relationship between the management and employees within the company.

7(C) Management of company makes wise decision

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 2 5 18 54 16 95

PERCENTAGES 2.105 5.263 18.947 56.842 16.843 100

GRAPH:

83

60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 56.8% of employees votes as agree, 16.8% of employees votes as strongly agree that the management of the company makes wise decisions. But 18.9% of employees has no idea about the managements decisions.

7(D) The company executive cares about employees ideas.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 10 25 40 15 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 10.528 26.318 42.102 15.789 100

GRAPH:

84

45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 42.1% of employees votes as agree, 15.7% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company executive cares about their ideas. But 26.3% of employees has no idea that the company executive cares about their ideas.

9. DEPARTMENT (A) Conditions in departments allows employees to perform to a high standard..

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 10 19 41 20 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 10.528 20.000 43.155 21.054 100

GRAPH:

85

45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table,43.1% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that the conditions in their department allows them to perform to a high standard. But 20% of employees have no opinion about the conditions in the department that allow them to perform to a high standard.

9(B) Employees team focuses on fixing the problem rather than finding someone to blame.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 5 30 40 15 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 5.263 31.582 42.103 15.789 100

GRAPH:

86

45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 42.1% of employees votes as agree, 15% of employees votes as strongly agree that their team focuses on fixing the problem rather than finding someone to blame. It denotes that the employees are committed to work that they have been done.

9(C) Employees team looks for ways to change processes to improve performance.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 10 15 50 15 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 10.528 15.789 52.631 15.789 100

GRAPH:

87

60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 52.6% of employees votes as agree, 15% of employees votes as strongly agree that their team looks for ways to change processes to improve performance. It shows that the team is very much innovative in finding their ideas to improve their performance.

9(D) The morale in employees department is generally high.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 15 30 25 20 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 15.789 31.580 26.318 21.050 100

GRAPH:

88

35 30 25 Number of 20 Respondents 15 10 5 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 26% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that the morale in their department is generally high. But most of the employees feels that they have no opinion about the morale in the department.

10. TEAMWORK (A) Employees believe that all the division in the company work together to achieve a common goal.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 8 17 53 12 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 8.421 17.894 55.789 12.633 100

89

GRAPH:
60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 55.7% of employees votes as agree, 12.6% of employees votes as strongly agree that they believe that all the divisions in the company work together to achieve a common goal. It denotes that all the divisions in the company have a common goal and they work together to achieve it. 10(B) The people where employees work will co-operate to get the work done.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 7 8 65 10 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 7.368 8.420 68.421 10.528 100

GRAPH:

90

70 60 50 Number of 40 Respondents 30 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 68.4% of employees votes as agree, 10% of employees votes as strongly agree that the people where they work will cooperate to get the work done. It shows that the employee relations in the company are good.

10(C) There is a spirit of togetherness of employees within the company.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 3 9 27 35 21 95

PERCENTAGES 3.157 9.473 28.421 36.842 22.107 100

GRAPH:

91

40 35 30 25 Number of 20 Respondents 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 36.8% of employees votes as agree, 22.1% of employees votes as strongly agree, that there is a spirit of equality with in the company. But 28.4% of employees have no opinion about the equality among themselves.

10(D) There is cooperation among team members.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 1 2 10 72 10 95

PERCENTAGES 1.054 2.105 10.526 75.789 10.526 100

GRAPH:

92

Number of 40 Respondents 30 20 10 0

80 70 60 50

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 75.7% of employees votes as agree, 10.5% of employees votes as strongly agree that there is cooperation among team members. It denotes that the employees cooperate with each other in the company.

11. RESPECT (A) Employees feel that they are valued at work

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 2 2 14 41 36 95

PERCENTAGES 2.105 2.105 14.736 43.155 37.899 100

GRAPH:

93

45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 43.1% of employees votes as agree, 37.8% of employees votes as strongly agree that they feel that they are valued at work. It shows that the company is valuing each employee at work

11(B) At Company, Employees opinions count.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 10 30 35 15 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 10.526 31.580 36.842 15.789 100

GRAPH:

94

40 35 30 25 Number of 20 Respondents 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 36.8% of employees votes as agree, 15.7% of employees votes as strongly agree that their opinions will count at company. But 31.5% of employees dont know whether their opinions will count or not.

11(C) Employees in the company are treated with respect regardless their job.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 2 5 22 48 18 95

PERCENTAGES 2.105 5.263 23.157 50.526 18.949 100

GRAPH:

95

60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 50.5% of employees votes as agree, 18.9% of employees votes as strongly agree that employees in the company are treated with respect regardless of their job.

12. EQUALITY (A) Employees believe that rewards are given fairly where they work..

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 6 20 42 22 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 6.315 21.052 44.210 23.160 100

GRAPH:

96

45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 44.2% of employees votes as agree, 23.1% of employees votes as strongly agree that they believe that rewards are given fairly in the company. But 21% of employees feels that they have no opinion about the rewards are given unfairly or fairly.

12(B) Every one at company does their share of work.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 2 3 14 56 20 95

PERCENTAGES 2.105 3.160 14.738 58.947 21.050 100

GRAPH:

97

60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 58.9% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that every one at the company does their share of work. It denotes that the employees in the company are committed to the work.

12(C) Company is committed to ensuring equal opportunities for all employees.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 2 6 17 57 13 95

PERCENTAGES 2.105 6.315 17.894 60.000 13.686 100

GRAPH:

98

60 50 40

Number of 30 Respondents
20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree

Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 60% of employees votes as agree, 13.6% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company is committed to ensuring equal opportunities for all employees. It denotes the equality of the company towards the employees

12(D) Employees feel everyone are treated fairly in their department

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 3 6 12 42 32 95

PERCENTAGES 3.157 6.315 12.631 44.210 33.687 100

GRAPH:

99

45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 44.2% of employees votes as agree, 33.6% of employees votes as strongly agree that they feel everyone is treated fairly in their department. It shows that the company is treating everyone fairly, but not with partiality.

14. SECURITY (A) Employees feel to express their opinions without worrying about negative actions/responses.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 10 25 35 20 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 10.528 26.313 36.842 21.054 100

GRAPH:

100

Number of Respondents

40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 36.8% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that they feel free to express their opinions with out worrying about negative actions/responses. But 26.3% of employees have no idea about expressing there opinions in the company.

14(B) Employees feel they have job security.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 10 30 35 15 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 10.528 31.580 36.842 15.787 100

GRAPH:

101

40 35 30 25 Number of 20 Respondents 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 36.8% of employees votes as agree, 15.7% of employees votes as strongly agree that they have job security. But 31.5% of employees feel that they have no idea about their job security.

13. EMPLOYEES SALARY AND COMPENSATION BENEFITS (A) The company is providing with reasonable remuneration to employees.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 1 4 24 56 10 95

PERCENTAGES 1.052 4.210 25.263 58.947 10.528 100

GRAPH:

102

60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 58.9% of employees votes as agree, 10.5% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company is providing with reasonable remuneration to them. But 25.2% of employees have no answer whether the company is providing with reasonable remuneration or not.

13(B) Employees are satisfied with the salary that the company is offering.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 6 10 30 35 14 95

PERCENTAGES 6.315 10.528 31.580 36.842 14.735 100

GRAPH:

103

40 35 30 25 Number of 20 Respondents 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 36.8% of employees votes as agree, 14.7% of employees votes as strongly agree that they are satisfied with the salary that the company is offering. But 31.5% of employees have no answer that they are satisfied with the salary or not that the company is offering.

13(C) Employees are expecting more salary from the company.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 5 10 20 40 20 95

PERCENTAGES 5.263 10.528 21.053 42.102 21.054 100

GRAPH:

104

45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 42.1% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that they are expecting more salary from the company. But 21% of employees have no opinion about this issue.

13(D) Employees salary is equivalent to their work that they have been done..

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 3 12 20 45 15 95

PERCENTAGES 3.157 12.631 21.054 47.369 15.789 100

GRAPH:

105

50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 47.3% of employees votes as agree, 15.7% of employees votes as strongly agree that the salary is equivalent to the work that they have been done. But 21% of employees have no idea about the sense of equality between their salary and work.

13(E) The Company is providing employees with all necessary benefits.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 2 10 20 40 23 95

PERCENTAGES 2.105 10.526 21.054 42.103 24.212 100

GRAPH:

106

45 40 35 30 Number of 25 Respondents 20 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 42.1% of employees votes as agree, 24% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company is providing them with all necessary benefits. But 21% of employees have no opinion about this topic.

13(F) The Company is providing with all compensation benefits if any damage occurs to employees...

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 4 7 12 62 10 95

PERCENTAGES 4.210 7.368 12.631 65.265 10.526 100

GRAPH:

107

70 60 50 Number of 40 Respondents 30 20 10 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 65.2% of employees votes as agree, 10.5% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company is providing with all compensation benefits if any damage occurs to them.

13(G) The compensation benefits providing by the company are reasonable.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 3 12 35 25 20 95

PERCENTAGES 3.157 12.631 36.845 26.313 21.054 100

GRAPH:

108

40 35 30 25 Number of 20 Respondents 15 10 5 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 26.3% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that the compensation benefits providing by the company are reasonable. But 36.8% of employees has no idea that the compensation benefits are reasonable or not.

13(H) The Company provides any monetary benefits in case of emergency to employees...

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 3 4 36 32 20 95

PERCENTAGES 3.157 4.210 37.894 33.685 21.054 100

GRAPH:

109

Number of 20 Respondents 15 10 5 0

40 35 30 25

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 33.6% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company provides any monetary benefits in case of emergency to them. But most of the employees have no opinion about this issue.

13(I) The Company provides all benefits at correct time without any delay.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 10 14 26 32 13 95

PERCENTAGES 10.526 14.736 27.368 33.686 13.684 100

GRAPH:

110

35 30 25 Number of 20 Respondents 15 10 5 0 Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 33.6% of employees votes as agree, 13.6% of employees votes as strongly agree that the company provides all benefits at correct time without any delay. But 27.3% of employees has no answer to this question.

13(J) Employees are totally satisfied with all benefits that the company is providing.

ATTRIBUTES 1.Strongly Disagree 2. Disagree 3.No opinion 4.Agree 5.Strongly Agree TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 1 2 4 68 20 95

PERCENTAGES 1.052 2.105 4.210 71.579 21.054 100

GRAPH:

111

Number of Respondents

80 70 60 50 40 30 20 10 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No opinion

Agree

Strongly Agree

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 71.5% of employees votes as agree, 21% of employees votes as strongly agree that they are totally satisfied with all benefits that the company is providing to them. Overall, most of the employees feel that they are very much satisfied by the company.

15. PERSONAL OPINIONS (A) Will employees refer others who are seeking employment to company?

ATTRIBUTES 1. Yes 2. No TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 76 19 95

PERCENTAGES 80 20 100

GRAPH:

112

80 70 60 50 Number of 40 Respondents 30 20 10 0

Number of Respondents Percentages

Yes

No

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 80% of employees would refer others who are seeking employment into this company.

15(B) Employees feel good about their continued employment with company.

ATTRIBUTES 1. Yes 2. No TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 80 15 95

PERCENTAGES 84.210 15.790 100

GRAPH:

113

100 80 60 Number of Respondents 40 20 0 Yes No Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 84.2% of employees feel good about their continued employment with the company.

15(C) On the scale of excellence to poor, how would employees rate their overall employment with company?

ATTRIBUTES 1. Excellent 2. Good 3. Average 4. Poor TOTAL

NUMBER OF RESPONDENTS 30 50 13 2 95

PERCENTAGES 31.582 52.630 13.684 2.105 100

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GRAPH:

60 50 40 Number of 30 Respondents 20 10 0 Excellent Good Average Poor Number of Respondents Percentages

INTERPRETATION: According to the above table, 52.6% of employees votes as good and 31.5% of employees votes as excellent. It denotes that the employees are very much satisfied by the company.

FINDINGS
The important findings known by studying HR Audit are: 1. There is a nice way of communication between the manager and employees which determines an effective relationship between them 2. The organization is taking care of their employees by providing essential training which results in their development 3. The organization is providing enough job promotion activities which results in progress of employees.

4. The organization has enough care about their customers to serve them in an innovate way, which determines that their work policies or well developed and organized.

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5. The organization is recognizing the employees work by making appraisals which shows that hard work is usually rewarded, when ever employees does a good job 6. The working environment of the company is good, where the employees share their work and they focuses on finding the solution to the problem rather than finding someone to blame. It shows that the morale is high and they find ways to improve their performance. 7. Employees have enough cooperation to get their work done and they respect each other. It shows that there is equality among the employees working in the organization 8. Employees feel that they have job security and they prefer others to seek employment in the organization 9. The organization is providing all necessary benefits to the employees and they feel that the benefits are reasonable 10. Most of the employees feel that they are very much satisfied to work for this organization.

SUGGESTIONS
It is recommended that the organization must provide clear-cut or in detailed information about it to the employees. Employees should aware about the organization if once they entered in it. The organization should focus on the employees who are incompetent in the team to make them competent which could be very much useful for the organization in the future. Few of the employees responded that they need some more benefits. So it is suggested that all the employees should be educated about the remuneration paid to them is as per the performance and the seniority. The company should put more emphasis on career development programs and constantly should conduct counseling programs. The organization should focus on the employees working environment in order to work more freely.

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These are few suggestions where employees need some change in their working environment.

CONCLUSIONS
According to the opinions of the employees we know that they are very much satisfied and need few minor changes in their working environment in the organization. Most of the employees are satisfied and the organization should take necessary actions to increase their employees satisfaction levels which results in their growth.

QUESTIONNAIRE
1. COMMUNICATION S.no A) Questions I generally feel informed about changes that affect me within (company) I usually know in plenty of time when important things happen. Strongly Disagree No Disagree opinion Agree Strongly Agree

B)

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C)

I can see the link between my work and (company) objectives. Managers communicate clear objectives for the company to achieve

D)

2. SATISFACTION S.no Questions Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Stro ngly Agre e

A)

Considering everything, I am satisfied at (Company) I find my work challenging I like the kind of work I do My working conditions are good.

B)

C)

D)

3. TRAINING S.no A) Questions I get the training I need to do my job well. I am aware of available training and development activities. I am given a real opportunity to improve my skills in this company Strongly Disagree No Disagree opinion Agree Strongly Agree

B)

C)

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D)

My training meets my needs for my current job

4. CAREER S.no A) Questions I believe there are a variety of ways for me to develop my career at (Company) Job promotions within the company are fair and reasonable. I am aware of promotion opportunities within (company) I have the opportunity to progress within (Company) Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strong ly Agree

B)

C)

D)

5. COMPANY S.no A) Questions (Company) is innovative in developing new ways to serve our customers (Company) s image is that of a high quality company (Company)s performs its business operations to a high standard Strongly Disagree No Disagree opinion Agree Strongly Agree

B)

C)

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D)

The work policies are well developed and organized

6. APPRAISALS S.no A) Questions My manager holds me accountable for the work that I do My manager provides me with adequate feedback I have clear measures for each of my objectives I know what is expected of me in my job Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree

B)

C)

D)

7. RECOGNITION S.no A) Questions Hard work is usually rewarded at my company I receive enough recognition for work that I do If I do a good job I have a better chance of getting ahead Strongly Disagree No Disagree opinion Agree Strongly Agree

B)

C)

120

D)

I am recognized whenever I do a good job.

8. MANAGEMENT S.no A) Questions My manager helps me to get ahead at my job. The relationship between management and employees is good Management of my company makes wise decisions The company executive cares about my ideas Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agre e Strongly Agree

B)

C)

D)

9. DEPARTMENT S.no A) Questions Conditions in my department allow me to perform to a high standard. My team focuses on fixing the problem rather than finding someone to blame My team looks for ways to change processes to improve performance. Strongly Disagree No Disagree opinion Agree Strongly Agree

B)

C)

121

D)

The morale in my department is generally high

10. TEAMWORK S.no A) Questions . I believe that all the divisions in the company work together to achieve a common goal. The people I work with cooperate to get the work done There is a spirit of were all in this together within (Company) There is cooperation among team members. Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agre e Strongly Agree

B)

C)

D)

11. RESPECT S.no A) B) C) Questions I feel I am valued at work At (Company) my opinions count. Employees in the company are treated with respect regardless of their job. Strongly Disagree No Disagree opinion Agree Strongly Agree

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12. EQUALITY S.no A) B) C) Questions . I believe that rewards are given fairly where I work Every one a(Company) does their share of work (Company) is committed to ensuring equal opportunities for all employees I feel everyone is treated fairly in my department. Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strong ly Agree

D)

13. EMPLOYEES SALARY AND COMPENSATION BENEFITS

S.n o A) B) C)

Questions

Strongly Disagree

Disagree

No Agree opinion

Strongly Agree

The company is providing with reasonable remuneration to you Are you satisfied with salary that the company is offering? Are you expecting more salary from the company?

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D) E)

F)

G)

H) I) J)

Is the salary is equivalent to your work u have been done? The company is providing you with all necessary benefits The company is providing with all compensation benefits if any damage occurs to you The compensation benefits providing by the company are reasonable The company provides any monetary benefits in case of emergency to you The company provides all benefits at correct time without any delay You are totally satisfied with all benefits that the company is providing.

14. SECURITY S.no A) Questions I feel free to express my opinions without worrying about negative actions/responses I feel I have job security Strongly Disagree Disagree No opinion Agree Strongly Agree

B)

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15. PERSONAL OPINIONS S.no A) B) Questions Would you refer others who are seeking employment to (Company) I feel good about my continued employment with (Company) YES NO

S.no C)

Question How would you rate your overall employment with the Company

Excellent

Good

Average

Poor

Books
Personal and Human resource management Human resource management Research methodology & Statistical tools -

Authors
P.Subbarao. Ivancevich. P.Narayana reddy & GVRK Acharyulu

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Web-sites
www.google.co.in

Social research methods.net www.blurtit.com

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