Mark Scheme (Results) January 2007

GCE

GCE Mathematics Core Mathematics C3 (6665)

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January 2007 6665 Core Mathematics C3 Mark Scheme Question Number 1. 2⎠ 4 ⎝ 2 2 M1 A1. Scheme (a) sin 3θ = sin ( 2θ + θ ) = sin 2θ cos θ + cos 2θ sin θ B1 Marks = 2sin θ cos 2 θ + (1 − 2sin 2 θ ) sin θ B1 B1 = 2sin θ − 2sin θ + sin θ − 2sin θ = 3sin θ − 4sin 3 θ 3 3 M1 cso A1 or exact (5) ⎛ 3⎞ 3 3 3 3 9 3 3 (b) sin 3θ = 3 × √ − 4 ⎜ √ ⎟ = √ − √ = √ 4 4 16 16 ⎝ 4 ⎠ equivalent 3 M1 A1 (2) [7] 2. A1 (3) 1⎞ 3 ⎛ ⎜x+ ⎟ + 2⎠ 4 (c) f ( x ) = ⎝ 2 ( x + 2) 2 Numerator is positive from (b) 2 x ≠ −2 ⇒ ( x + 2 ) > 0 (Denominator is positive) Hence f ( x ) > 0 B1 (1) [8] Alternative to (b) d 2 3 ( x + x + 1) = 2 x + 1 = 0 ⇒ x = − 1 ⇒ x2 + x + 1 = 4 dx 2 M1 A1 A1 (3) A parabola with positive coefficient of x 2 has a minimum ⇒ x 2 + x + 1 > 0 Accept equivalent arguments 1 . (a) f ( x ) = ( x + 2) = 2 . −3 ( x + 2 ) + 3 2 ( x + 2) 2 M1 A1. > 0 for all values of x. A1 x2 + x + 1 x 2 + 4 x + 4 − 3x − 6 + 3 ( x + 2) = ( x + 2) 2 cso A1 (4) 1⎞ 3 ⎛ (b) x + x + 1 = ⎜ x + ⎟ + .

A1 1 dy 3 = (1 + e 2 x ) 2 × 2 e 2 x dx 2 1 1 1 dy 3 ln 3 ⇒ = (1 + eln 3 ) 2 × 2 eln 3 = 3 × 4 2 × 3 = 18 2 dx 2 M1 A1 A1 M1 A1 (5) [11] 2 . (i) 2 ⎛ ⎞ dy (9 + x ) − x ( 2x ) ⎜ 9 − x2 ⎟ = = 2 ⎜ ( 9 + x 2 )2 ⎟ dx (9 + x2 ) ⎝ ⎠ dy = 0 ⇒ 9 − x 2 = 0 ⇒ x = ±3 dx M1 A1 M1 A1 (6) ⎛ 1⎞ ⎜ 3. ⎟ . that sin = 4 √2 ⇒ x = 2sin = 2× (b) dx dy = 2 cos y or 1 = 2 cos y dy dx dy 1 = May be awarded after substitution dx 2 cos y π dy 1 y= ⇒ = cso 4 dx √ 2 m′ = − √ 2 π π B1 (1) M1 A1 M1 A1 B1 (4) (c) y− π 4 = −√ 2 x −√ 2 ( ) M1 A1 A1 (4) [9] y = − √ 2x + 2 + π 4 4.Question Number Scheme Marks 3. ⎝ 6⎠ (ii) x= 1⎞ ⎛ ⎜ −3. (a) y = 1 = √ 2 ⇒ P∈C 4 4 √2 Accept equivalent (reversed) arguments. In any method it must be clear π 1 or exact equivalent is used. − ⎟ 6⎠ ⎝ Final two A marks depend on second M only A1.

⎟ 6 ⎝ 6 6 ⎠ accept awrt 1.Question Number Scheme R 2 = √ 3 + 12 ⇒ R = 2 Marks 5.76 1 2 M1 A1 M1 A1 (4) [8] x= π 11π 2 .05 M1 A1 (4) (b) π ⎛ 5π 13π ⎞ ⎜ . 5. 6 The use of degrees loses only one mark in this question. (a) ( ) 2 M1 A1 tan α = √ 3 ⇒ α = sin ( x + their α ) = x + their α = π 3 accept awrt 1. Penalise the first time it occurs in an answer and then ignore. 3 .57.

Penalise on the first occasion.352 017 61 … x6 = −0.352 1 Let g ( x ) = x + e x 2 g ( −0.354 030 19 … x4 = −0.5 B1 ln 4 B1 y=2 ln 4 B1 (4) M1 A1 A1 B1 B1 (4) (1) (d) x1 ≈ −0.3525.Question Number Scheme Marks 6.3515 ⇒ k = −0.3452 cao If more than 4 dp given in this part a maximum on one mark is lost.352 B1. (e) x3 = −0. g ( −0. − 0. (a) y = ln ( 4 − 2 x ) 1 e y = 4 − 2 x leading to x = 2 − e y Changing subject and removing ln 2 1 x 1 x y = 2 − e ⇒ f −1 a 2 − e cso 2 2 Domain of f −1 is (b) Range of f −1 is f −1 ( x ) < 2 (and f -1 (x ) ∈ ) (c) Shape B1 1.352 (to 3 dp) ) A1 (2) 4 .001 Found in any way M1 Change of sign (and continuity) ⇒ k ∈ ( −0.350 926 88 … x5 = −0.3525 ) ≈ −0.3704.0003.351 633 86 … k ≈ −0. B1 (2) Calculating to at least x6 to at least four dp M1 cao A1 (2) [13] Alternative to (e) k ≈ −0. x2 ≈ −0.3515 ) ≈ +0.

(a) f ( −2 ) = 16 + 8 − 8 ( = 16 ) > 0 f ( −1) = 1 + 4 − 8 ( = −3) < 0 B1 B1 B1ft (3) Change of sign (and continuity) ⇒ root in interval ( −2. − 11) (c) a = 2. b = 4. c = 4 (d) Shape ft their turning point in correct quadrant only 2 and −8 M1 A1 A1 (3) B1 B1 B1 (3) B1 B1 ft B1 (3) (e) Shape B1 (1) [13] 5 .Question Number Scheme Marks 7. − 1) ft their calculation as long as there is a sign change (b) dy = 4 x3 − 4 = 0 ⇒ x = 1 dx Turning point is (1.

(i) sec2 x − cosec2 x = (1 + tan 2 x ) − (1 + cot 2 x ) = tan 2 x − cot 2 x cso M1 A1 A1 B1 B1 (2) (3) (ii)(a) y = arccos x ⇒ x = cos y π ⎛π ⎞ x = sin ⎜ − y ⎟ ⇒ arcsin x = − y 2 ⎝2 ⎠ arcsin x = arcsin cos y (b) arccos x + arcsin x = y + Accept π 2 −y= π 2 B1 (1) [6] Alternatives for (i) sec 2 x − tan 2 x = 1 = cosec 2 x − cot 2 x sec2 x − cosec 2 x = tan 2 x − cot 2 x M1 A1 A1 (3) Rearranging cso ⎛ 1 1 sin 2 x − cos 2 x ⎞ − 2 = ⎜ LHS = ⎟ cos 2 x sin x cos 2 x sin 2 x ⎠ ⎝ 2 2 2 2 sin 2 x cos 2 x sin 4 x − cos 4 x ( sin x − cos x )( sin x + cos x ) − = = RHS = cos 2 x sin 2 x cos 2 x sin 2 x cos 2 x sin 2 x M1 A1 sin 2 x − cos 2 x cos 2 x sin 2 x = LHS = or equivalent A1 (3) 6 .Question Number Scheme Marks 8.