Module 3: Nursing Theories at Work Part I: Reporting on the CASAGRA Transformative Leadership Theory

A Module in Theoretical Foundations in Nursing Presented to Maria Geralyn D. Gotico, RN, MAN Graduate School – Nursing Program St. Paul University Iloilo

In partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree Master of Science in Nursing

Vicente L. Magallanes Jr., BSN, RN

April 28, 2009

Currently. She was also a founding member of the Integrated Registered Nurses of the Philippines and a Secretary of the Friendly Care Foundation from 2000 to present. Sr. and eventually Director of St.A REPORT ON THE CASAGRA TRANSFORMATIVE LEADERSHIP MODEL AND THE SERVANT LEADERSHIP BEHAVIOR OF NURSING FACULTY I. Paul University of Iloilo since her installation last 2004. She was a class salutatorian when she graduated from high school at St. Carol Agravante finished her baccalaureate degree in Nursing at St. . INTRODUCTION The author of the theory is Sr. a former Principal of St. Colleges and Universities up to now to which she also obtained a Service Award from the said accrediting body. Paul College of Manila. the same time her Theory was published. Aside from that she is the current president of the Association of the Deans of the Philippine Colleges of Nursing. and finally earned her Doctoral Degree in Philosophy in University of Manila on April 2002. She was a university scholar while studying for her Master’s degree at CUA for 1967 to 1969. She earned her Bachelor’s degree as a Magna Cum Laude and a first placer in the Board exam for Nurses on the year 1964. She is also an accreditor of the Philippine Accreditation Association of Schools. SPC. Sr. Carolina Agravante. Canada in 1997. Carol is the president of the St. RN. She had been a dean of several nursing colleges in the Philippines before her current assignment namely: Bethlehem University. Paul College of Iloilo. She then took up her Masteral Degree in Nursing Education at the Catholic University of America in 1970. De La Salle University College of Nursing and Midwifery. Paul College of Manila. St. Paul School of Nursing. Paul College of Manila in 1964. She had represented the said association during the International Nursing Congress in Brunei in 1996 and became a delegate at the International Council of Nursing in Vancouver. PhD and the theory was published in 2002.

Special Expertise level in the nursing field one is engaged in. and finally commitment to become servant-leaders in the footsteps of Jesus.Self-Mastery expressed in a vibrant care complex. contemplative and collegial teaching of the nurse faculty who is directly involved with the formation of the nursing. reflection.Servant-Leader Spirituality. comprising of the following elements: A. The servant-leader formula prescription includes a spiritual retreat that goes through the process of awareness. C. These elements rolled into one make-up the personality of the modern professional nurse who will challenge the demands of these crucial times in society today. CArolina S. story telling. This formula consists of a spiritual exercise. caring. The Special-Expertise level is shown in a creative. the determination of the vitality of the care complex in the personality of an individual and finally a seminar workshop on transformative teaching. It is coined after the name of the investigator: Sr. THE THREE-FOLD TRANSFORMATION LEADER CONCEPT IN DETAIL I. The Servant-Leadership Spirituality here is prescribed to run parallel to the generic elements of the transformative leadership model. II. contemplation. AGRAvante The model is a Three-Fold Transformation Leadership Concept rolled into one. critical.II. . The Self-Mastery consists of a vibrant care complex possessed to a certain degree by all who have been through formal studies in a care giving profession such as nursing. The theory “CASAGRA Transformative Leadership” is a psycho spiritual model. B. THE THEORY AS DEFINED The complete title of the model is: The CASAGRA Transformative Leadership Model: Servant – Leader Formula & the Nursing Faculty’s Transformative Leadership Behavior. III.

The professional nurse must harmonize and manifest the other side of the service coin.III. sees her assumptions and feelings in the light of the nursing profession in modern days. how her own philosophy of life affects her professional life and her students. The new millennium has brought in its wake challenges that may be answered by new models. Transformative teaching for nursing guarantees the nursing students’ formation as nursing leaders in the art of caring which only an artist for whom caring is second nature can teach. Worldwide leadership crises have demanded the nursing leaders to REVISIT the formation of future nursing leaders. The prescribed Model for nursing leadership was conceived as a three-fold transformative leadership concept rolled into one. THE THEORY AS ASSERTED The CASAGRA Servant-Leadership Theory is the major breakthrough that the nursing profession urgently needs. The harmony and synergy in being a servant and a leader as well must be manifest in the nursing graduate by TRANSFORMING faculty with the servant-leader formula. and both will keep in good condition. The TIME to revisit the leadership formation as modeled by nursing faculty is NOW. The nursing profession needs leaders who will model for the profession that which is beautiful. which is the conscious choice to aspire to lead while washing ones another's feet as Jesus did. The focus is on leadership style of Jesus himself who has become the model in the nursing profession of service as synonymous with leadership. This is the first lesson learned by nursing students at the lap of the nursing faculty of her school. . Jesus himself declared to his disciples: “new wine is poured into fresh wineskins. true. The transformative teacher is basically the one who looks into her self vis-à-vis her profession. and good in this new millennium. new expressions and new perspectives of looking at the profession Thus the challenge to adapt new paradigms is imperative or is a must.


concrete concept that is operationalized. simple and straightforward. Characteristic of Scope – Single. .Linked to a special populations or an identified field of practice. e. Testability – Goals or outcomes defined and testable. b. Characteristic of Proposition – Propositions defined. Complexity / Abstractness.IV. Generalizibility /Specificity . f. Scope . THEORY AS CLASSIFIED The CASAGRA Transformative Leadership Theory is classified as a Practice Theory basing on the characteristics of a Practice Theory stated by McEwen (2007). which are the following: a. d.Focuses on a narrow view of reality. Source of Development – Derived from practice or deduced from middle range theory or grand theory. c.