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DESIGN OF CONCRETE DECK SLAB GIVEN: Allowable Stresses: Concrete Strength Reinforcement Yield Strength Design Criteria: Live

Load Span Length Girder Spacing Slab Thickness Slab Clear Span Length Girder width Girder depth Concrete Weight Future Wearing Surface MS-18 L = 20 m ~ 65.62 ft Gs = 2.3 m ~ 7.55 m ts = 0.18 m ~ 0.59 ft Sl = 1.8 m ~ 5.91 ft Gw = 0.5 m ~ 1.64 ft Gd = 1.32 m ~ 4.33 ft 3 3 c = 24 KN/m ~ 0.15 K/ft FWS= 1.05KPa~0.0219 ksf fc = 20.68 MPa ~ 3 ksi fy = 275.8 MPa ~ 40 ksi

STEP 1: Compute the Effective Span Length From Table 3.7, we see that, for rigid top flange prestressed beams with top flange width to minimum thickness ratio less than 4.0 and continuous over more than two supports: S = Clear Span = 5.91 ft.

STEP 2: Compute Moment Due to Dead Load Dead Load: Wslab = ts x c x 1 ft = 0.59ft x 0.15 K/ft3 x 1ft = 0.0885 K/ft WFWS = FWS x 1ft = 0.0219 ksf x 1 ft = 0.0219 K/ft DL = Wslab + WFWS = 0.0885 + 0.0219 = 0.1104 K/ft MDL =


= 0.3856 kip-ft

STEP 3: Compute Moment Due to Live Load + Impact

MLL = 0.8(

)P = 0.8 (

) 16kips = 3.164 kip-ft

Impact for spans between 2 ft and 24 ft will always be 30%, so use an impact factor of 1.30 to obtain

MLL+I = 3.164 kip-ft x 1.30 = 4.1132 kip-ft

STEP 4: Compute Total Factored Bending Moment Mu = 1.3(MDL + 1.67MLL+I)= 1.3[0.3856 kip-ft +(1.67)(4.1132 kip-ft)] Mu = 9.4310 kip-ft

STEP 5: Compute Effective Depth of Slab Slab Depth = 7 in Sacrificial surface = 0.5 in Concrete cover at bottom of slab = 1.0 in #5 reinforcing steel bar diameter = 0.625 in

The effective depth of slab:

d = 7 0.5 1

= 5.1875 in

STEP 6: Compute Required Main Reinforcement Try #5 @ 6 spacing

As =

= 0.6136 in2

a=

  

  

 

= 0.8021 in

Mn =

Asfy (d - ) )( )

Mn = (0.90)(0.6136)(40) (5.1875 Mn = 8.8109 K-FT < Mu = 9.4310 K- FT

Since the reinforcement assumed is less than what is required, we have to increase the amount of reinforcement by reducing the rebar spacing. By ratio and proportion:


S=

= 5.61 in

Try #5 @ 5 spacing

As =

=
       

= 0.7363 in2

a=

= 0.9625 in

Mn =

Asfy (d - ) )( )

Mn = (0.90)(0.7363)(40) (5.1875 -

Mn = 10.3956 K-FT > Mu = 9.4310 K- FT

- OK!

Use #5 bars @ 5 in spacing for top and bottom main bars

STEP 7: Compute Distribution Steel in Bottom of Slab D= = = 90.50% > 67% Use 67%

Distribution Steel = (As)(67%) = (0.7363 in2/ft)(0.67) = 0.49 in2/ft Use #5 Bars @ 18 in spacing