Mixing vector and photo is one of the hottest trends in the illustration industry today. We’ve seen this effect used in national ad campaigns from Anheuser-Busch to Hawaiian Tropic. In this tutorial, we’ll take a look at how to create this effect in Illustrator.
php for a tutorial. This helps get your reference photograph to a point that makes it easier to trace. visit www. you may need some help getting started. To do this. open your photo in Photoshop and apply a Posterize adjustment to break the illustration down to basic colors. let’s assume your image is ready at this point and you’re good to go.Vectorizing 101
STEP 1 : Prepare Your Image . For now. Using a reference photograph is perfectly acceptable.Unless you’re an insanely talented artist.
.com/design/ps-index. For a more detailed look on how to get your photo ready in Photoshop.layersmagazine.
B: 186 here) and the Stroke to none. you’ll create the overall outlines of the woman. Break this down to major areas or body parts within the photograph. Set the Fill to a skin tone in the Color palette (we used R: 242. Optionclick (PC: Alt-click) the Create New Layer icon in the Layers palette and name this layer “FACE” in the Layer Options dialog to help keep things tidy. we’ve started with the neck and the face. Here.First. G: 216.
. Choose the Pen tool and create a path that encompasses the neck and face area.Vectorizing 101
STEP 2: Trace the Subject's Face .
Don’t worry about tracing too perfectly along these areas. Notice that the hair covers the shirt in certain places. create a new layer named “SHIRT” below the FACE layer.
. we’ll add a hair layer that will cover this up so there’s no need to get too detailed at this point. Later.Vectorizing 101
STEP 3:Trace Subject's Shirt Next. Use the Pen tool to trace the shirt. Just guess at where the shirt belongs behind the hair.
depending on your photograph.Now move on to the arms and create a new layer named “ARMS” above the SHIRT layer. Each path that you draw will be on its own sublayer within the ARMS layer.Vectorizing 101
STEP 4: Trace Subject's Arms . Because the subject’s arms are folded.
. You’ll have to use your best judgment here. The goal is to leave your illustration as flexible as possible. we’ve created a separate path for each segment of the arms for a total of four paths. and having each area of the arm on its own sublayer helps for this image.
) Also.Create a new layer named “HAIR” above the FACE layer.Vectorizing 101
STEP 5: Trace Subject's Hair .
. (To give you a reference. be sure to set the Fill color for the hair to R: 108. B: 46. The more time you spend tracing the hair. Before you move on. the better your illustration will look. You can always go back and add paths for some of the wispy areas of the hair that make tracing more difficult in one pass. you don’t need to get it all in one path. we spent about 15 minutes using the Pen tool to create the hair the way you see it here. G: 78.
STEP 6: Add Eye Layers . and the Stroke to none. Create a new layer above the HAIR layer and name it “EYES.” With the EYES layer active.
. Begin by tracing the eyebrows and place them in their respective sublayers to keep things organized. Option-click (PC: Alt-click) the Create New Sublayer icon in the Layers palette to create a “RIGHT EYE” sublayer and a “LEFT EYE” sublayer. G: 44. Set the Fill color to R: 63. B: 25. Remember.Now let’s give our illustration a face. you’ll have to continually hide and show layers in order to see the reference photo in the background.
First. Add small details with the Pen tool for lines around the eye that make it look realistic.Vectorizing 101
STEP 7: Trace and Fill Eyes . you can just duplicate the first eye sublayer that you create and flip it by choosing Object>Transform> Reflect. (Note: If you picked a straight-on photograph. trace the general outline of the eye and fill it with a darker tone (we used black). If not. Repeat this process for the other eye. Take a layered approach here.Zoom in and start tracing the eyeball area.)
. Then trace the white area inside and fill it with—you guessed it—white. alas…you’ll have to create another eye.
” This part is surprisingly easy since our reference photograph shows that we can get away with adding the nostrils and a slight shadow or two on the inside of the nose to bring out the necessary details.
STEP 8: Add Nose Layer . create a new layer named “NOSE.Next.
Then. G: 82. we traced the lips with the Pen tool and fi lled the path with R: 192. Trace the overall outline of the lips and then add details on top. we created another path to separate the top and bottom lip. Here.Vectorizing 101
STEP 9: Add Lips Layer . Set the Fill color of that path to R: 99.Now we’re ready for the lips. B: 82. B: 15. G: 10.
. Be sure to set the Stroke to none for both paths. Use the same approach here that we’ve been using so far.
That means it’s time for some highlights and shadows. arms. G: 214.Everything looks good so far but it’s rather flat.” Using the Pen tool. It may be useful to hide the HAIR layer so you can see the reference photo underneath. B: 163. and shirt. face. We’ve created two sublayers here to hold the details. Do the same for some of the shadow areas (we used R: 66. G: 46.
STEP 10: Enhance Hair with Highlights and Shadows . B: 28) as well. Create a new layer above the HAIR layer named “HAIR DETAILS. Fill these highlights with R: 246. draw highlights throughout the hair. Let’s start with the hair. Our main areas of concern will be the hair.
For example. use the Pen tool to create a loose shadow around the neck and/or face and name this path sublayer “SHADOW. duplicate the FACE sublayer by dragging it to the Create New Layer icon and name it “DUPLCATE. arms. We’ll fix that in the next step. B: 156.” Set the Fill color to R: 207.
. Don’t worry about the areas that extend beyond the original neck shape.” Then. You’ll want to keep the Pathfinder palette handy for this task as well. and hands. G: 178.We’re almost done! Use the same technique we used on the hair to add shadows to the face.Vectorizing 101
STEP 11: Add More Shadows .
open the Pathfinder palette and Alt-click (PC: Option-click) on the Intersect Shape Areas button. neck.
. the original path is still intact and we now have a shadow on top of it. This will remove any area of the shadow that extended beyond the original neck shape. Then. since we made a duplicate of the neck shape.Shift-click the circles to the right of the DUPLICATE and SHADOW sublayers in the Layers palette to target both sublayers. However. Repeat this process throughout the face. and arms to add more depth to the illustration.Vectorizing 101
STEP 12: Remove Excess Shadow .
we’ve used R: 97. Feel free to adjust the opacity in the Transparency palette to lessen the shadow or highlight effect. Here. add some shadows and highlights to the shirt.
STEP 13: Trace Subject's Hair . This process is very similar to the one used on the hair. B: 149 for the shadows and white for the highlights. G: 136.
we’ve added a light blue gradient in place of the original background.
.That’s it! One last step would be to hide the reference photo layer and create a new background.Vectorizing 101
STEP 14: Create New Background . Here.
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