Physical properties of common solvents

Solvent Chemical formula Boiling point
[7]

Dielectric constant
[8]

Density

Dipole moment

Non-polar solvents CH3-CH2-CH2CH2-CH3 0.626 g/ml 0.751 g/ml 0.655 g/ml 0.779 g/ml 0.879 g/ml 0.867 g/ml 1.033 g/ml 1.498 g/ml

Pentane

36 °C

1.84

0.00 D

Cyclopentane

C5H10

40 °C

1.97

0.00 D

Hexane

CH3-CH2-CH2CH2-CH2-CH3

69 °C

1.88

0.00 D

Cyclohexane

C6H12

81 °C

2.02

0.00 D

Benzene

C6H6

80 °C

2.3

0.00 D

Toluene

C6H5-CH3

111 °C

2.38

0.36 D

1,4-Dioxane

/-CH2-CH2-OCH2-CH2-O-\

101 °C

2.3

0.45 D

Chloroform

CHCl3

61 °C

4.81

1.04 D

82 D Acetonitrile (MeCN) CH3-C N 82 °C 37.3266 g/ml 0.713 g/ml 1.60 D Tetrahydrofuran(THF) /-CH2-CH2-OCH2-CH2-\ CH3-C(=O)-OCH2-CH3 66 °C 7.786 g/ml 1.41 D CH3-CH2-CH2n-Butanol CH2-OH 118 °C 18 1.63 D .75 D Ethyl acetate 77 °C 6.92 D Dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO) CH3-S(=O)-CH3 189 °C 46.5 1.Diethyl ether CH3CH2-O-CH2CH3 35 °C 4.15 D Polar aprotic solvents 1.886 g/ml 0.810 g/ml Formic acid H-C(=O)OH 101 °C 58 1.5 3.3 0.21 g/ml 0.96 D Polar protic solvents 1.894 g/ml 0.786 g/ml 0.944 g/ml 0.092 g/ml Dichloromethane(DCM) CH2Cl2 40 °C 9.02 1.1 1.7 3.88 D Dimethylformamide(DMF) H-C(=O)N(CH3)2 153 °C 38 3.78 D Acetone CH3-C(=O)-CH3 56 °C 21 2.

6 .785 g/ml 0.0 2.85 D Solvent Chemical formula D Dispersion P Polar H Hydrogen bonding Non-polar solvents CH3-CH2-CH2CH2-CH2-CH3 C6H6 C6H5-CH3 CH3CH2-OCH2-CH3 Hexane 14.70 D Acetic acid CH3-C(=O)OH 118 °C 6.0 0.69 D Methanol CH3-OH 65 °C 33 1.4 2.55 1.0 1.5 2.0 Benzene Toluene 18.Isopropanol (IPA) CH3-CH(-OH)CH3 CH3-CH2-CH2- 82 °C 18 0.4 18.803 g/ml 0.791 g/ml 1.0 Diethyl ether 14.049 g/ml 1.74 D Water H-O-H 100 °C 80 1.66 D n-Propanol OH 97 °C 20 1.9 0.789 g/ml 0.0 0.9 4.000 g/ml 1.2 1.68 D Ethanol CH3-CH2-OH 79 °C 24.

8 3.7 1.5 10.8 5.4 10.0 Dichloromethane 17.4 13.8 6.0 Acetonitrile (MeCN) 15.7 15.Chloroform CHCl3 /-CH2-CH2-OCH2-CH2-O-\ 17.1 Acetone 15.0 13.4 16.3 7.1 5.0 5.7 11.4 7.4 .8 5.5 8.3 18.3 Dimethyl sulfoxide(DMSO) 18.5 1.8 9.7 8.5 16.0 6.2 Tetrahydrofuran (THF) 16.4-Dioxane 17.3 7.1 Dimethylformamide(DMF) 17.2 Polar protic solvents Acetic acid CH3-C(=O)OH CH3-CH2-CH2n-Butanol CH2-OH 14.0 Polar aprotic solvents CH3-C(=O)-OCH2-CH3 /-CH2-CH2-OCH2-CH2-\ CH2Cl2 CH3-C(=O)CH3 CH3-C N HC(=O)N(CH3)2 CH3-S(=O)CH3 Ethyl acetate 15.0 7.1 16.8 Isopropanol CH3-CH(-OH)- 15.

8 12.5 8.75 isooctane 99.25 methyl isobutyl ketone 116.5 methylene chloride 39.6 15.3 carbon tetrachloride 76.4 Ethanol Methanol Formic acid Water 15.3 10.8 14.75 .3 Boiling point Solvent Boiling point (°C)[7] ethylene dichloride 83.0 16.48 pyridine 115.0 19.3 14.0 6.4 22.0 42.24 carbon disulfide 46.8 17.CH3 CH3-CH2-CH2n-Propanol OH CH3-CH2-OH CH3-OH H-C(=O)OH H-O-H 16.7 14.

42 Density Solvent Specific gravity[11] Pentane 0.o-xylene 144.707 Diethyl ether 0.741 Cyclohexane 0.684 Diethyl amine 0.713 Triethyl amine 0.781 Isopropanol 0.626 Petroleum ether 0.728 Tert-butyl methyl ether 0.659 Heptane 0.785 .779 Tert-butyl alcohol 0.656 Hexane 0.

809 1-Butanol 0.786 Ethanol 0.790 Methanol 0.791 Methyl isobutyl ketone 0.805 2-Butanol 0.802 1-Propanol 0.803 Methyl ethyl ketone 0.826 .789 Acetone 0.Acetonitrile 0.814 1-Octanol 0.808 Isoamyl alcohol 0.810 Diethyl ketone 0.798 Isobutyl alcohol 0.

882 1-Chlorobutane 0.868 Benzene 0.889 Ethyl acetate 0.p-Xylene 0.895 o-Xylene 0.909 N.897 Hexamethylphosphorus triamide 0.864 Toluene 0.N-Dimethylacetamide 0.879 Butyl acetate 0.886 Tetrahydrofuran 0.861 m-Xylene 0.898 2-Ethoxyethyl ether 0.867 Dimethoxyethane 0.937 .

4-Dioxane 1.01 1-Methyl-2-pyrrolidinone 1.Diethylene glycol dimethyl ether 0.965 Pyridine 0.03 1.009 Benzonitrile 1.943 N.08 .993 Water 1.982 Propanoic acid 0.944 2-Methoxyethanol 0.N-Dimethylformamide 0.049 Acetic anhydride 1.033 Acetic acid 1.028 Hexamethylphosphoramide 1.000 2-Methoxyethyl acetate 1.

21 Formic acid 1.2-Dichloroethane 1.245 Glycerin 1.115 Diethylene glycol 1.306 Methylene chloride 1.382 .261 Carbon disulfide 1.263 1.1066 Deuterium oxide 1.2-Dichlorobenzene 1.326 Nitromethane 1.22 1.107 Ethylene glycol 1.118 Propylene carbonate 1.Dimethyl sulfoxide 1.092 Chlorobenzene 1.

498 1.623 .2.393 Chloroform 1.575 Carbon tetrachloride 1.1.2-Trichlorotrifluoroethane 1.594 Tetrachloroethylene 1.2-Trifluoroethanol 1.2.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful