Milind Patel PART B – COMMUNICATION

January 24, 2012

1. Ores are naturally occurring solid compounds from which a metal can be extracted. Coal mining industries obtain metals such as iron and copper from processing ores. Cl2(aq) + H2O(l)  HOCL(aq) + H+(aq) + Cl-(aq) The above is an example of a diproportination reaction because the reactants undergo oxidation and reduction. 2. Oxidizing agents are responsible for the oxidation of reactants and they undergo reduction. Oxidizing agents accept electrons in redox reactions. It can be defined as a substance that removes electrons from another reactant in a redox chemical reaction. The oxidizing agent is "reduced" by taking electrons onto it and the reactant is "oxidized" by having its electrons taken away. Oxygen is the prime example of an oxidizing agent, but it is only one among many. Example = 4Fe + 3O2 → 2Fe2O3 Oxygen is oxidizing agent - Reduction agents are responsible for the reduction of reactants, and they undergo oxidation. Electrons are donated from a reduction agent. Example = 4Fe + 3O2 → 2Fe2O3 Iron(Fe) is reduction agent 3. Half reactions are balanced equations that show the number of electrons involved in either oxidation or reduction. Oxidation half reaction: Fe0 → Fe3+ + 3e− Reduction half reaction: O2 + 4e− → 2 O2−

4. CH4 + 2O2 CO2 + H2O C = -4 O = 0 C = +4 H = +1 Oxidizing agent = oxygen Reducing agent = hydrogen

 2Cr3+ Cr2O72. The metal is reduced.+ 14H+ + 9 e. 2Cr3+ + 7H2O Cr2O72. The reaction that results from the zinc strip with the blue ionic solution makes the zinc strip reduce in size as it dissolves in the copper ion solution.+ 14H+  2Cr3+ + 7H2O Cr2O72. this creates a layer of solid iron on the surface. Yes. 2Cr3+ + 7H2O 3. The reaction that occurs between acid rain and iron results in iron displacing hydrogen from the acid. Antioxidants also lower the lipid oxidative damage in smokers and non – smokers.Milind Patel Part C – Making connections January 24. A layer of solid copper forms and the blue color eventually fades away. whilst the acid is oxidized. and the copper atoms are reduced. In this reaction . 2. and the solution becomes much clearer. 2012 1. Cr3+ Cr2O72. a redox reaction has occurred when an acid dissolves in a metal. 4. Cr2O72. Antioxidants are known to limit oxidative damage in human bodies by reducing the risk of certain chronic diseases. The zinc atoms in this redox reaction are oxidized.

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