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# MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I

KINGS
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING

## Punalkulam DEPARTMENT OF MATHEMATICS ACADEMIC YEAR 2010-2011(ODD SEMESTER) MA1101-MATHEMATICS I

QUESTION BANK
UNIT-I MATRICES
PART-A (2 MARKS)
a 4 1. Find the constants a and b such that the matrix 1 b has 3 and -2 as its eigen values. 6 2 2 2. The product of two eigen values of the matrix A = 2 3 1 is 16, 2 1 3 Find the third eigen value. 3. Find the sum and product of the eigen values of the matrix 2 2 1 A= 1 0 3 using properties. 2 1 3 4. If the sum of two eigen values and trace of a 3X3 matrix A are equal, find A . 4 1 3 5. Given that A = 3 2 , find the eigen values of A . 2 5 1 -1 6. Find the eigen values of A if the matrix A is A = 0 3 2 . 0 0 4 2 2 1 7. Two eigen values of the matrix A = 1 3 1 are equal to 1 each. Find 1 2 2 -1 the eigen values of A . KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING-PUNALKULAM 1

MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I 8. If 1 & 2 are the eigenvalues of a 2X2 matrix A, what are the eigenvalues of A2 and A-1. 9. Let be an eigen value of a non-singular matrix A with eigen vector x. 1 Show that is an eigen value of A-1 with eigen vector x.

10. If 1 , 2 , 3 ,........., n are the eigen values of an nXn matrix A, then show that 1 , 2 , 3 ,........., n are the eigen values of A3.
3 3 3 3

3 1 4 11. Find the sum of the squares of the eigenvalues of A = 0 2 6 . 0 0 5 12. State Cayley-Hamilton theorem. 13. Give two uses of Cayley-Hamilton theorem. 1 4 14. using Cayley-Hamilton theorem find the inverse of 2 3 . 3 1 15. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem for the matrix A = 1 5 . 1 0 3 16. If A = 0 5 write A interms of A and I, using Cayley-Hamilton theorem. 17. Define orthogonal matrix. 18. write down the quadratic form corresponding to the symmetric matrix 1 2 2 2 2 . 1 2 2 3
19. Classify the quadratic forms x1 + x3 and x1 x2 . 20. Find the index and signature of the quadratic form x1 + 2 x2 3x3 .
2 2 2

PART-B
11 4 7 1.a. Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of the matrix A = 7 2 5 and 10 4 6 2 -1 hence find the eigen values of A ,5A and A using properties. 8 6 2 b. Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of 6 7 4 . 2 4 3 4 1 1 2.a. Find the eigen values and the eigen vectors of the matrix 1 4 1 . 1 1 4

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## KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING-PUNALKULAM

MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I 1 1 2 b. Find the eigen values and eigen vectors of the matrix A = 1 1 2 . 1 2 1 2 2 0 3.a. Find the eigen values and the eigen vectors of the matrix 2 1 1 . 7 2 3 1 1 1 -1 b. Using Cayley-Hamilton theorem, find A given the matrix A = 1 2 3 . 2 1 3 7 3 -1 4.a. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem for the matrix A = 2 6 and hence find A 3 and A . 2 2 7 -1 b. Using Cayley-Hamilton theorem, find A if A = 6 1 2 . 6 2 1 1 0 0 5.a. If A = 1 0 1 , find A-1 and A4 using Cayley-Hamilton theorem. 0 1 0 2 2 1 -1 0 . b. Verify Cayley-Hamilton theorem and hence find A if A = 1 3 0 2 1 2 2 0 6.a. Diagonalise 2 1 1 . 7 2 3 1 0 0 b.Diagonalize the matrix A = 0 3 1 using an orthogonal transformation. 0 1 3 6 2 2 7.a. Diagonalize A = 2 3 1 by an orthogonal transformation. 2 1 3 10 2 5 b. Reduce the matrix 2 2 3 to diagonal form. 5 3 5 2 8.a. Reduce the quadratic form x + 2 y 2 + z 2 2 xy + 2 yz into canonical form.

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## KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING-PUNALKULAM

MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I 9. Reduce 6 x + 3 y + 3 z 4 xy 2 yz + 4 xz into a canonical form by an orthogonal reduction and find the rank, index, signature and the nature of the quadratic form. (16) 2 2 2 10. Reduce the quadratic form x1 + 5 x2 + x3 + 2 x1 x2 + 2 x2 x3 + 6 x3 x1 to canonical form through an orthogonal transformation. (16) 2 2 2 11. Reduce the quadratic form to canonical 3 x + 5 y + 3 z 2 xy 2 yz + 2 zx form through an orthogonal transformation. (16) 2 2 2 12. Reduce the quadratic form 8 x1 + 7 x2 + 3x3 12 x1 x2 8 x2 x3 + 4 x3 x1 to canonical form through an orthogonal transformation and hence show that it is positive semi-definite. (16)
2 2 2

## UNIT - II THREE DIMENSIONAL GEOMETRY PART A (2 MARKS)

1. Find the angle between the lines
x y z x 4 y 1 z + 6 = and = = . = 2 2 1 2 1 2 2. Find the angle between the lines whose direction cosines are (1,3,1) & ( 1,2,5) . 3. Find the direction cosines of the line joining the points (2,3,-6) and (3,-4,5). 4. Find the equation of the line joining the points (1,2,3) and (-3,4,5). x y z x y z 5. Find the acute angle between the lines = = and = = . 1 2 1 2 1 1 6. Prove by direction ratios, the points (1,2,3), (4,0,4), (-2,4,2) are collinear. 7. Find the direction cosines of a line perpendicular to the two lines whose direction ratios are (1,2,3) and (-2,1,4). 8. Find the projection of the segment joining A(1,2,3) and B(6,7,9) on the line whose direction ratios are (1,2,-3). x 2 y 1 z 3 x3 y 2 z 4 9. Find the values of K, if the lines = = and = = are 3 2 K K 3 5 coplanar. 10. Find the centre and radius of the sphere 2( x 2 + y 2 + z 2 ) + 6 x 6 y + 8 z + 9 = 0 .

11. Find the equation of the sphere concentric with x 2 + y 2 + z 2 2 x 2 y 2 z 1 = 0 and passing through the point (-2,1,-5). 12. Find the equation of the sphere whose centre is same as that of the sphere x 2 + y 2 + z 2 2 x 4 y 6 z + 7 = 0 and which passes through the point (1,-1,1). 13. Write down the equation of the sphere whose diameter is the line joining the points (1,1,1) and (-1,-1,-1). 14. Find the centre and the radius of the sphere 7( x 2 + y 2 + z 2 ) + 28 x 42 y + 56 z + 3 = 0 . 15. Check whether the two spheres x 2 + y 2 + z 2 + 6 y + 2 z + 8 = 0 and x 2 + y 2 + z 2 + 6 x + 8 y + 4 z + 20 = 0 intersect each other orthogonally. 16. Find the equation of the sphere having the circle x 2 + y 2 + z 2 = 9 and

## KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING-PUNALKULAM

MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I
x 2 y + 2 z = 5 as a great circle. 17. Find the equation of the tangent plane at the point (1,-1,2) to the sphere x 2 + y 2 + z 2 2 x + 4 y + 6 z 12 = 0 .

18. Write the general equation of the cone whose vertex is at the origin. 19. Find the equation of the cone with vertex at the origin and which passes through the curve x 2 + y 2 = 4 , z = 2 . 20. Writedown the equation of the right-circular cylinder whose axis is the z-axis and radius a units.

PART-B
1. a) Find the length and the equation of shortest distance between the lines x 3 y 8 z 3 x+3 y+7 z6 = = and = = . (8) 3 1 1 3 2 4 x4 y 5 z 6 x2 y 3 z 4 = = and = = are coplanar (8) b)Show that the lines 2 3 4 3 4 5 x5 y 7 z +3 x 8 y 4 z 5 2. a) Show that the lines = = and = = are coplanar 4 4 5 7 1 3 and find their point of contact. (8) x +1 y 3 y7 z+7 b) Prove that the lines = = z + 2 and x = = intersect. Find the 3 2 3 2 co-ordinates of the point of intersection and equation of the plane containing them. (8) 3. a) Find the angle between the straight lines whose direction cosines are given by the relation 3l+m+5n=0 and 6mn-2nl+5lm=0. (8) b) Find the equation of the sphere described on the line joining the points (2,-1,4) and (-2,2,-2) as diameter. Find also the area of the circle in which the sphere is cut by the plane 2x+2y-z=3. (8) 4. a) Find the equation of the sphere passing through the points (1,1,-2) and (1,1,2) and having its centre on the line x+y-z-1=0=2x-y+z-2. (8) 2 2 2 b) Find the equation of the sphere through the circle x + y + z = 9 2 x + 3 y + 4 z = 5 and the point (1,2,3). (8) 5. a) Show that the plane 2x-2y+z=9 touches the sphere x 2 + y 2 + z 2 + 2 x + 2 y 7 = 0 and find the point of contact. (8) b) Find the equation of the tangent plane to the sphere 3( x 2 + y 2 + z 2 ) 2 x 3 y 4 z 22 = 0 at the point (1,2,3). Also find the equation of the normal to the sphere at (1,2,3). (8) 6. a) Find the equation of the tangent plane to the sphere x 2 + y 2 + z 2 2 x 4 y 6 z 2 = 0 which passes through the line 9x-3y+25=0=3x+4z+9. (8) b) Find the equation of the sphere which touches the plane 3x+2y- z+2=0 at the point (1,-2,1)and also cuts orthogonally the sphere x 2 + y 2 + z 2 4 x + 6 y + 4 = 0 .(8) 7. a) Prove that a point at which the sum of the squares of whose distances from the planes x+y+z=0 , x-z=0, x-2y+z=0 is 9, lies on the sphere x 2 + y 2 + z 2 = 9 . (8)
KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING-PUNALKULAM 5

MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I

b) Find the area of the circle in which the sphere x 2 + y 2 + z 2 + 12 x 2 y 6 z + 30 = 0 is cut by the plane x-y+2z+5=0. 8. a) Find the centre and radius of the circle given by x 2 + y 2 + z 2 + 2 x 2 y 4 z 19 = 0 and x+2y+2z+7=0.

(8) (8)

b)Find the equation of the cone with vertex at the origin and the guiding curve is the circle x 2 + y 2 + z 2 + 4 x + 2 y 6 z + 5 = 0 ,2x+y+2z+5=0. (8) x y z 9. a)The plane + + = 1 meets the axes in A,B,C. Find the equation of the cone a b c whose vertex is the origin and the guiding curve is the circle ABC. (8) b) Show that the equation to the right-circular cone whose vertex is O, axis OZ and semivertical is is x 2 + y 2 = z 2 tan 2 . (8) 10. a) Find the equation of the cylinder whose generator are parallel to the line y z (8) x= = and whose guiding curve is the ellipse x 2 + 2 y 2 = 1 , z=3. 2 3 b) Find the equation of the right-circular cylinder of radius 2 whose axis passes through the point (1,2,3) and has direction cosines proportional to 2,-3,6. (8)

## UNIT III DIFFERENTIAL CALCULUS PART A (2 MARKS)

1. Find the radius of curvature of the curve y = log sin x at x = /2 . 2. Find the radius of curvature of the curve y = ex at the point where it crosses the y-axis. 3. Find the radius of curvature of the curve xy = c2 at (c,c). 4. Find the curvature at (3,-4) to the curve x2 + y2 = 25. 5. What is the curvature of x2+y2-4x-6y+10 = 0 at any point on it 6. Define the curvature of a plane curve and what is the curvature of the straight line. 7. Find the radius of curvature at any point on the curve r = e 8. Find the radius of curvature at y = 2a on the curve y2 = 4ax. 9. Find the radius of curvature of the curve y = a cosh(x/a) at the point where it crosses the y axis. 10. Find the radius of curvature of the curve y = clog(sec(x/c)). 11. Find the radius of curvature at x = /2 on the curve y = 4sinx sin2x. 12. Write any two properties of evolute. 2 13. Find the envelope of y = mx + . m 14. Find the envelope of the lines x/t + yt = 2c, t being the parameter. 15. Show that the family of straight lines 2y 4x + = 0 has no envelope where is the parameter. x y 16. Find the envelope of cos + sin = 1, where is the parameter. a b
KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING-PUNALKULAM

MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I 17. Find the envelope of the family of straight lines x cos + y sin = 6, where is the parameter. 18. Find the envelope of the family of straight lines x cos + y sin = a sec , where is the parameter. 19. Find the envelope of the family 1- x2+(y-k) 2 = 0 where k is the parameter. 20. Find the envelope of x2 + y2-ax cos - by sin = 0 where is a parameter.

PART B
1. (a) Find the radius of curvature of the curve x = 3acos acos3, y = 3asin asin3 at . (b) Find the radius of curvature of the parabola x = at2 , y = 2at at t. curvature is a. (b) Find the radius of curvature at any point (a cos , a sin ) on the curve x2/3 +y2/3 = a2/3. 3. (a) Prove that the radius of curvature at any point of the cycloid x = a(+sin), y=a(1- cos) is 4a cos /2. (b) Find the center of curvature of the curve x+y = a at (a/4,a/4). 4. (a)Find the circle of curvature of the parabola y2 = 12x at the point(3,6). (b) Show that the circle of curvature of x + y = a at (a/4,a/4) is (x-3a/4)2 + (y-3a/4)2 = a2 /2.
x2 y2 5. (a) Find the evolute of the hyperbola 2 2 = 1 . a b
3 3

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2. (a) For the curve x = a(cos + sin), y = a(sin cos), prove that the radius of (8)

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(b) Show that the equation of the evolute of the parabola x2 = 4ay is 4(y-2a)3 = 27ax2. 6. (a) Find the equation of the evolute of the parabola y2 = 4ax. (b) Find the equation of the evolute of the ellipse
x2 y2 + =1. a2 b2

## (8) (8) (8)

7. (a)Obtain the equation of the evolute of the curve x = a(cos + sin), y = a(sin cos). (b)Find the evolute of the four cupsed hypocycloid x2/3 + y2/3 = a2/3. 8. (a) Show that the evolute of the cycloid x=a( -sin ),y=a(1-cos ) is another cycloid. (b) Find the evolute of the rectangular hyperbola xy = c2. (8) (8) (8) (8)

## KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING-PUNALKULAM

MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I

## connected by a + b=c is x +y = c. (b) Find the equation of the envelope of

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x y + = 1 , where the parameters a and b a b are connected by the relation a2+b2 = c2 and c is a constant. (8) 10. (a) Find the envelope of y cos -x sin = a cos2 where is a parameter. (8)

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## UNIT- IV FUNTIONS OF SEVERAL VARIABLES

PART-A (2 MARKS)
1. If x = u(1-v),y = uv find (u , v) .
( x, y )

2. Find the minimum point of f(x,y)=x2+y2+6x+12. 9 3 3. Find the stationary point of f(x,y)=xy + + . x y 4. Find Taylors series expansion of ex siny near the point (-1, terms. 5. If u=f(x-y, y-z, z-x) find 6. Find
u u u + + . x y z

## ) up to the first degree

du , if u=x3y2+x2y3, where x=at2,y=2at,using partial derivatives. dt 7. Find the stationary points of the function f(x,y)=x3+y3-12xy. (u , v) 1 2 8. If u = acoshx cosy, v = asinhx siny, then show that = a (cosh2x cos2y) ( x, y ) 2 ( x, y ) 9. If u=x+y and y=uv find the jacobian . (u , v) du x 10.Find. , if u = , where x=et , y = logt. dt y (u, v) 11. Find , if u=2xy ,v = x2-y2 , x= r cos , y=r sin . ( r , ) dz 12. If z = sin-1(x-y), x = 3t,y=4t2 find . dt 2u 2u 13. IF u= f(x+ay)+g(x-ay) prove that = a2 2 . y 2 x y 14. Find the Taylors series expansion of x near the point (1,1) up to the second degree terms. KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING-PUNALKULAM 8

MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I

## 15. If u=e yz find du.

( r , ) . ( x, y ) x y z u u u 17. If u = + + find x +y +z . y z x x y z ( x, y ) 18. If x = u cosv and y = u sinv , find . (u , v) x u u 19. If u= f , prove that x +y = 0. y x y 20. Find the stationary points of x2-xy+x2-2x+y.

## 16.If x = rcos ,y = rsin find

PART B
1.(a) Find the maxima and minima for xy2z3 subject to x+y+z=6. (8) x+ y and v=tan-1(x)+tan-1(y) functionally dependent ? (b)Are the functions u= 1 xy If so, find the relation between them. (8) 2.(a) Expand f (x,y) = 4x2+xy+6y2+x-20y+21 in Taylors series about (-1,1). (8) (u, v) . (8) (b) If u = 4x2+6xy , v = 2y2+xy , x=rcos , y=rsin .Evaluate ( r , ) 3.(a) FIind the minimum value of xy2z2 subject to x +y +z=24 using lagrange multiplier. (8) (b) Expand exlog(1+y) in powers of x and y upto the terms of third degree. (8) 4.(a)Given the transformation u=ex cosy , v = ex siny and that is a function of u and v also of x and y , prove that
2 2 2 2 + 2 = (u 2 + v 2 )( 2 + 2 ) x 2 y u v

## (8) (8) (8)

(b)Investigate the maxima and minima ,if any,of the function y2+4xy+3x2+x3 5. (a) If u = sin-1(

x2 + y2 u u ) prove x +y =tanu. x+ y y x

(b)Using lagranges multiplier method , determine the maximum capacity of a rectangular tank , open at the top , if the surface area is 108 sq.m. yz zx xy ( x, y , z ) 6.(a)If u= , v = , w = , find . x y z (u , v, w) (b) Expand x2y+siny+ex in powers of (x-1) and (y- ) through quadratic forms. 7. (a) Find the maximum and minimum values of 2(x2-y2)-x4+y4. (b) Examine the function f(x, y)=x3y2(12-x-y) for extreme values. 8. (a) Find the jacobian of y1, y2, y3 with respect to x1,x2, x3 if x x x x xx y1= 2 3 , y 2 = 3 1 , y 3 = 1 2 . x1 x2 x3
KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING-PUNALKULAM

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MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I

(8) x+ y 9. (a)Expand x2y+3y-2 in powers of (x-1) and (y+2) using Taylors expansion. (8) (b)Examine f(x,y)=x3y3-12x-3y+20 for its extreme values. (8) ax 10. (a)Using Taylors expansion, express f(x,y) = e cos(by) in powers of x and y upto second degree terms. (8) x (b)Obtain terms upto the third degree in the taylor series expansion of e siny around the point [1,/2] (8)

(b)If u=cos-1(

x+ y

) , prove that x

u u 1 +y = - cotu. x y 2

## UNIT-V ORDINARY DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

PART-A (2 MARKS)
1.Solve (D2 + 4)y = 0. 2.Find the P.I of (D2-2D+5)y = ex sin2x. 3.Solve
dx dy y = 0; + x = 0 dt dt

4.Write Eulers homogeneous linear differential equation .How will you convert it to a linear differential equation with constant coefficients? 5. Solve (D2+2D+1)y=e-x. 6. Find the P.I of (D3+8)y = cosh2x. 7. Solve (x2D2-xD+1)y=0. d2y . 8 Solve =y dx 2 d2y 9.If x = ez , express in terms of the derivatives of y w.r.to z. dx 2 10. Find the particular integral of (D2+4D+4)y= x e -2x 11.Find the P.I. Of the (D2 +1)y = x3. 12. Find the P.I. of (D2 +4)y = cos2x. 13.Solve (x2D2+4xD+2)y=0. 14. Find the P.I. Of the (D3 -1)y = e2x. 15.Find the P.I. Of the (D -1)2y = ex sinx. d2y 16.Find the P.I. Of the = xex. dx 2 17. Solve (D3 -3D2+3D-1)y = x2ex. 18. Solve (D3 -6D2+11D-6)y = 0 d 2 y dy 19. Find the C.F. of x2 2 -x +y = 0. dx dx 20. Solve ((3x+2)2D2 -(3x+2)D +1)y = 0.

## KINGS COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING-PUNALKULAM

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MA1101-MATHEMATICS-I

PART - B
1.a)Solve (D2+2D-1)y=x2+e2x b) Solve (x D -2xD-4)y=32( log x ) . 2.a) Solve (D+4)x+3y = t (D+5)y+2x = e2t b)Solve y + y = sec x by method of variation of parameters 3.a)Solve by method of variation parameters yb)Solve
4 4 y '+ 2 y = x 2 + 1 x x
2 2 2

## 4.a)Solve (D2+6D+8)y = e-2x +cos2x

d2y dy +4x +2y = sin(log x) b)Solve x 2 dx dx
2

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d2y +y=x sin x dx 2

5.a) Solve

## b) Solve (x2D2+4XD+2)y=x log x 6.a) Solve (D2+5D+4)y=e-xsin2x+x2+1. b) Solve

d2y +y=x cos x, by using method of variation of parameters dx 2 dx dy + 5 x 2 y = t , + 2 x + y = 0. dt dt

## 7. a). Solve for y,

b)Solve (2x+3)2y-(2x+3)y-12y=6x. 8. a)Solve (D2-2D+2)Y=exx2+5+e-2x. b) Solve (D +4D+3)y=e sinx+xe . 9. a) Solve by method of variation of parameters b) Solve (x+2)2 10. a) Solve x2
d2y dy -(x+2) +y=x+2. 2 dx dx
2 -x 3x

## d2y dy -3x +4y=x2+cos(log x) 2 dx dx

b)Solve (D2-2D+1)Y=xexsinx

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