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Kinetics

KINEMATICS vs KINETICS is a study under dynamics which deals with the space-time relationships in bodies that are in motion. It is the quantitative description of motion used to determine some unknown property of the motion. deals with the study of the kind of motion of body due to the action of forces

Describing Motion a continuous change of position with respect to a specific frame of reference during a given time Everything moves with respect to or relative to a certain reference point.

Rectilinear Motion ± kinematics of bodies that are moving along a straight path

SCALAR AND VECTOR QUANTITIES MOTION - a continuous change of position with respect to a specific frame of reference during a given time.

RECTILINEAR MOTION - kinematics of bodies that are moving along either a straight path.

INSTANTANEOUS SPEED indicates only how fast an object is moving at each instant of time. Average velocity v of an object during some time period is the object s displacement ( a vector) during that time divided by the time.initial position D = X2 -X1 DISTANCE. SPEED AND VELOCITY VELOCITY Velocity (v). D = final position . . v = displacement / elapsed time = D / t SPEED . . D defined as a vector that points from an objects initial position to its final position and whose magnitude equals the distance separating the points.d the position of the object as measured from a reference point. (the speedometer of an automobile indicates its instantaneous speed) INSTANTANEOUS VELOCITY indicates how fast an object moves at each instant of time and the direction of that motion.total distance traveled per unit time.the scalar magnitude of the velocity.DISPLACEMENT. is the displacement of an object during a certain time divided by that time.

is the change in an object s velocity divided by the time required for that change. its change in speed (2) the change in the direction of the object s velocity (3) the time required for these changes. Deceleration is a decrease in the speed of an object. . a . Three factors that affect acceleration: (1) the change in the magnitude of the object s velocity .that is. on the other hand. is negative (-) if V2 is lesser than V1. a = change in velocity/ elapsed time a = vf-vi/ (t where : a is the acceleration vf is the final velocity vI is the initial velocity (t is the time interval or time elapsed Sign Convention for Acceleration Acceleration is positive (+)if V2 is greater than V1.ACCELERATION Acceleration. Acceleration.

The value of g: approximately equal to 9. or 980 cm/sec2. it is found that falling bodies are accelerated toward the earth s surface. if air resistance is neglected. .8 m/sec2.KINEMATIC EQUATION FOR UNIFORMLY ACCELERATED RECTILINEAR MOTION 1) Vf = Vo + at 2) Vave = Vo + Vf 2 3) x = Vot + at2 2 4) Vf2 = Vo2 + 2a x FREELY FALLING BODIES a body is said to be in free fall if gravity or earth s pull is the only force acting on it. or 32 ft/sec2.

e. Frictional force or drag due to air resistance cannot be ignored. KINEMATIC EQUATION FOR FREE FALL 1) Vf = Vo + gt 2) Vave = Vo + Vf 2 3) y = Vot + gt2 2 4) Vf2 = Vo2 + 2a x EFFECT OF WEIGHT AND AIR RESISTANCE Weight has no effect on the acceleration of bodies in free fall. This constant velocity is called terminal velocity. EFFECT OF WEIGHT AND AIR RESISTANCE Frictional force due to air resistance affects the motion of objects under free fall. When the object is thrown vertically upward. Both will have the same acceleration due to gravity. a ball thrown upward). the direction of the motion is upward and it is opposite the direction of g.. therefore g becomes negative. . the velocity of object remains constant. When the drag force and the downward pull of gravity are balanced.Two situations to be considered when solving problems involving g: (2) when the object s motion is in opposite direction of g. (i.

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